Loss of blood during a surgical procedure.
Control of bleeding during or after surgery.
Antifibrinolytic hemostatic used in severe hemorrhage.
Hemorrhage following any surgical procedure. It may be immediate or delayed and is not restricted to the surgical wound.
Agents that prevent fibrinolysis or lysis of a blood clot or thrombus. Several endogenous antiplasmins are known. The drugs are used to control massive hemorrhage and in other coagulation disorders.
The introduction of whole blood or blood component directly into the blood stream. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Agents acting to arrest the flow of blood. Absorbable hemostatics arrest bleeding either by the formation of an artificial clot or by providing a mechanical matrix that facilitates clotting when applied directly to the bleeding surface. These agents function more at the capillary level and are not effective at stemming arterial or venous bleeding under any significant intravascular pressure.
Excess blood loss from uterine bleeding associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH. It is defined as blood loss greater than 500 ml or of the amount that adversely affects the maternal physiology, such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEMATOCRIT. Postpartum hemorrhage is divided into two categories, immediate (within first 24 hours after birth) or delayed (after 24 hours postpartum).
Devices for the compression of a blood vessel by application around an extremity to control the circulation and prevent the flow of blood to or from the distal area. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The duration of a surgical procedure in hours and minutes.
Reinfusion of blood or blood products derived from the patient's own circulation. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.
A single-chain polypeptide derived from bovine tissues consisting of 58 amino-acid residues. It is an inhibitor of proteolytic enzymes including CHYMOTRYPSIN; KALLIKREIN; PLASMIN; and TRYPSIN. It is used in the treatment of HEMORRHAGE associated with raised plasma concentrations of plasmin. It is also used to reduce blood loss and transfusion requirements in patients at high risk of major blood loss during and following open heart surgery with EXTRACORPOREAL CIRCULATION. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Excessive uterine bleeding during MENSTRUATION.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
The black, tarry, foul-smelling FECES that contain degraded blood.
Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.
Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.
Excision of all or part of the liver. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Drugs that stimulate contraction of the myometrium. They are used to induce LABOR, OBSTETRIC at term, to prevent or control postpartum or postabortion hemorrhage, and to assess fetal status in high risk pregnancies. They may also be used alone or with other drugs to induce abortions (ABORTIFACIENTS). Oxytocics used clinically include the neurohypophyseal hormone OXYTOCIN and certain prostaglandins and ergot alkaloids. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p1157)
The final period of OBSTETRIC LABOR that is from the expulsion of the FETUS to the expulsion of the PLACENTA.
The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
An antifibrinolytic agent that acts by inhibiting plasminogen activators which have fibrinolytic properties.
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
Use of a thrombelastograph, which provides a continuous graphic record of the physical shape of a clot during fibrin formation and subsequent lysis.
Replacement of the knee joint.
Procedures using an electrically heated wire or scalpel to treat hemorrhage (e.g., bleeding ulcers) and to ablate tumors, mucosal lesions, and refractory arrhythmias. It is different from ELECTROSURGERY which is used more for cutting tissue than destroying and in which the patient is part of the electric circuit.
Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)
Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.
Reduction of blood viscosity usually by the addition of cell free solutions. Used clinically (1) in states of impaired microcirculation, (2) for replacement of intraoperative blood loss without homologous blood transfusion, and (3) in cardiopulmonary bypass and hypothermia.
The period during a surgical operation.
The transfer of erythrocytes from a donor to a recipient or reinfusion to the donor.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
An autologous or commercial tissue adhesive containing FIBRINOGEN and THROMBIN. The commercial product is a two component system from human plasma that contains more than fibrinogen and thrombin. The first component contains highly concentrated fibrinogen, FACTOR VIII, fibronectin, and traces of other plasma proteins. The second component contains thrombin, calcium chloride, and antifibrinolytic agents such as APROTININ. Mixing of the two components promotes BLOOD CLOTTING and the formation and cross-linking of fibrin. The tissue adhesive is used for tissue sealing, HEMOSTASIS, and WOUND HEALING.
Procedure in which arterial blood pressure is intentionally reduced in order to control blood loss during surgery. This procedure is performed either pharmacologically or by pre-surgical removal of blood.
An area occupying the most posterior aspect of the ABDOMINAL CAVITY. It is bounded laterally by the borders of the quadratus lumborum muscles and extends from the DIAPHRAGM to the brim of the true PELVIS, where it continues as the pelvic extraperitoneal space.
Interventions to provide care prior to, during, and immediately after surgery.
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
Excision of the uterus.
Excision of kidney.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Method for determining the circulating blood volume by introducing a known quantity of foreign substance into the blood and determining its concentration some minutes later when thorough mixing has occurred. From these two values the blood volume can be calculated by dividing the quantity of injected material by its concentration in the blood at the time of uniform mixing. Generally expressed as cubic centimeters or liters per kilogram of body weight.
Recovery of blood lost from surgical procedures for reuse by the same patient in AUTOLOGOUS BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS. It is collected during (intraoperatively) or after completion of (postoperatively) the surgical procedures.
Diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance of the right atrium directly to the aorta (or femoral artery) via an oxygenator thus bypassing both the heart and lungs.
Strips of elastic material used to apply pressure to body parts to control EDEMA and aid circulation.
Acute hemorrhage or excessive fluid loss resulting in HYPOVOLEMIA.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Replacement of the hip joint.
Surgery performed on the female genitalia.
The process which spontaneously arrests the flow of BLOOD from vessels carrying blood under pressure. It is accomplished by contraction of the vessels, adhesion and aggregation of formed blood elements (eg. ERYTHROCYTE AGGREGATION), and the process of BLOOD COAGULATION.
Removal of the uterus through the vagina.
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Techniques for controlling bleeding.
Any liquid used to replace blood plasma, usually a saline solution, often with serum albumins, dextrans or other preparations. These substances do not enhance the oxygen- carrying capacity of blood, but merely replace the volume. They are also used to treat dehydration.
The time periods immediately before, during and following a surgical operation.
Starches that have been chemically modified so that a percentage of OH groups are substituted with 2-hydroxyethyl ether groups.
Stable iron atoms that have the same atomic number as the element iron, but differ in atomic weight. Fe-54, 57, and 58 are stable iron isotopes.
Anemia characterized by a decrease in the ratio of the weight of hemoglobin to the volume of the erythrocyte, i.e., the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration is less than normal. The individual cells contain less hemoglobin than they could have under optimal conditions. Hypochromic anemia may be caused by iron deficiency from a low iron intake, diminished iron absorption, or excessive iron loss. It can also be caused by infections or other diseases, therapeutic drugs, lead poisoning, and other conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Miale, Laboratory Medicine: Hematology, 6th ed, p393)
Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.
Sequelae of gastrectomy from the second week after operation on. Include recurrent or anastomotic ulcer, postprandial syndromes (DUMPING SYNDROME and late postprandial hypoglycemia), disordered bowel action, and nutritional deficiencies.
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
Personal care items used during MENSTRUATION.
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
Chemical, spectroscopic, or microscopic detection of extremely small amounts of blood.
The blood pressure in the central large VEINS of the body. It is distinguished from peripheral venous pressure which occurs in an extremity.
A genus of intestinal parasite worms which includes one of the most important hookworms of man, NECATOR AMERICANUS. The only other known species, N. suillus, has been recovered from pigs.
Hemorrhagic and thrombotic disorders that occur as a consequence of abnormalities in blood coagulation due to a variety of factors such as COAGULATION PROTEIN DISORDERS; BLOOD PLATELET DISORDERS; BLOOD PROTEIN DISORDERS or nutritional conditions.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A benign neoplasm of muscular tissue. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A benign tumor derived from smooth muscle tissue, also known as a fibroid tumor. They rarely occur outside of the UTERUS and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT but can occur in the SKIN and SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE, probably arising from the smooth muscle of small blood vessels in these tissues.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.
Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.
The process of the interaction of BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS that results in an insoluble FIBRIN clot.
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
The act of constricting.
The excision of the head of the pancreas and the encircling loop of the duodenum to which it is connected.
The course of learning of an individual or a group. It is a measure of performance plotted over time.
ENDOSCOPES for examining the abdominal and pelvic organs in the peritoneal cavity.
Laboratory tests for evaluating the individual's clotting mechanism.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
A synthetic analog of natural prostaglandin E1. It produces a dose-related inhibition of gastric acid and pepsin secretion, and enhances mucosal resistance to injury. It is an effective anti-ulcer agent and also has oxytocic properties.
Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.
The techniques used to draw blood from a vein for diagnostic purposes or for treatment of certain blood disorders such as erythrocytosis, hemochromatosis, polycythemia vera, and porphyria cutanea tarda.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.
The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.
Tumors or cancer of the UTERUS.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
Therapy whose basic objective is to restore the volume and composition of the body fluids to normal with respect to WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. Fluids may be administered intravenously, orally, by intermittent gavage, or by HYPODERMOCLYSIS.
Placement of one of the surgeon's gloved hands into the ABDOMINAL CAVITY to perform manual manipulations that facilitate the laparoscopic procedures.
Complete or partial surgical removal of the prostate. Three primary approaches are commonly employed: suprapubic - removal through an incision above the pubis and through the urinary bladder; retropubic - as for suprapubic but without entering the urinary bladder; and transurethral (TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE).
Acquired degenerative dilation or expansion (ectasia) of normal BLOOD VESSELS, often associated with aging. They are isolated, tortuous, thin-walled vessels and sources of bleeding. They occur most often in mucosal capillaries of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT leading to GASTROINTESTINAL HEMORRHAGE and ANEMIA.
Stable chromium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element chromium, but differ in atomic weight. Cr-50, 53, and 54 are stable chromium isotopes.
Endoscopic surgery of the pleural cavity performed with visualization via video transmission.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Activated form of factor VII. Factor VIIa activates factor X in the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Excision of the whole (total gastrectomy) or part (subtotal gastrectomy, partial gastrectomy, gastric resection) of the stomach. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Duration of blood flow after skin puncture. This test is used as a measure of capillary and platelet function.
A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.
The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its parts in the male or female. For surgery of the male genitalia, UROLOGIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES, MALE is available.
Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Solutions having the same osmotic pressure as blood serum, or another solution with which they are compared. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
The number of PLATELETS per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD.
Sterile, gelatin-base surgical sponge applied topically as an adjunct to hemostasis when the control of bleeding by conventional procedures is ineffective to reduce capillary ooze or is impractical. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p797)
The period following a surgical operation.
The time required by whole blood to produce a visible clot.
Pain during the period after surgery.
Members of a religious denomination founded in the United States during the late 19th century in which active evangelism is practiced, the imminent approach of the millennium is preached, and war and organized government authority in matters of conscience are strongly opposed (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). Jehovah's Witnesses generally refuse blood transfusions and other blood-based treatments based on religious belief.
Deformities of the SPINE characterized by an exaggerated convexity of the vertebral column. The forward bending of the thoracic region usually is more than 40 degrees. This deformity sometimes is called round back or hunchback.
The pit in the center of the ABDOMINAL WALL marking the point where the UMBILICAL CORD entered in the FETUS.
The spinal or vertebral column.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
A genus of nematode intestinal parasites that consists of several species. A. duodenale is the common hookworm in humans. A. braziliense, A. ceylonicum, and A. caninum occur primarily in cats and dogs, but all have been known to occur in humans.
A synthetic analog of the pituitary hormone, ARGININE VASOPRESSIN. Its action is mediated by the VASOPRESSIN receptor V2. It has prolonged antidiuretic activity, but little pressor effects. It also modulates levels of circulating FACTOR VIII and VON WILLEBRAND FACTOR.
Clotting time of PLASMA recalcified in the presence of excess TISSUE THROMBOPLASTIN. Factors measured are FIBRINOGEN; PROTHROMBIN; FACTOR V; FACTOR VII; and FACTOR X. It is used for monitoring anticoagulant therapy with COUMARINS.
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
The transfer of blood platelets from a donor to a recipient or reinfusion to the donor.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
Materials used in closing a surgical or traumatic wound. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A polymer prepared from polyvinyl acetates by replacement of the acetate groups with hydroxyl groups. It is used as a pharmaceutic aid and ophthalmic lubricant as well as in the manufacture of surface coatings artificial sponges, cosmetics, and other products.
Surgical removal of a LEIOMYOMA of the UTERUS.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
Surgical procedure involving either partial or entire removal of the spleen.
Failure of the UTERUS to contract with normal strength, duration, and intervals during childbirth (LABOR, OBSTETRIC). It is also called uterine atony.
A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The time required for the appearance of FIBRIN strands following the mixing of PLASMA with phospholipid platelet substitute (e.g., crude cephalins, soybean phosphatides). It is a test of the intrinsic pathway (factors VIII, IX, XI, and XII) and the common pathway (fibrinogen, prothrombin, factors V and X) of BLOOD COAGULATION. It is used as a screening test and to monitor HEPARIN therapy.
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
Moving a patient into a specific position or POSTURE to facilitate examination, surgery, or for therapeutic purposes.
A type of shock that occurs as a result of a surgical procedure.
Non-cadaveric providers of organs for transplant to related or non-related recipients.
Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
Surgery performed on the heart.
Benzenesulfonate derivative used as a systemic hemostatic.
A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.
A technique of closing incisions and wounds, or of joining and connecting tissues, in which staples are used as sutures.
Changing an operative procedure from an endoscopic surgical procedure to an open approach during the INTRAOPERATIVE PERIOD.
Abnormally low BLOOD PRESSURE that can result in inadequate blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. Common symptom is DIZZINESS but greater negative impacts on the body occur when there is prolonged depravation of oxygen and nutrients.
Measurement of hemoglobin concentration in blood.
Volume of circulating ERYTHROCYTES . It is usually measured by RADIOISOTOPE DILUTION TECHNIQUE.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
The signs of life that may be monitored or measured, namely pulse rate, respiratory rate, body temperature, and blood pressure.
The transference of a part of or an entire liver from one human or animal to another.
The procedure of removing TISSUES, organs, or specimens from DONORS for reuse, such as TRANSPLANTATION.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the pleural cavity.
Fastening devices composed of steel-tantalum alloys used to close operative wounds, especially of the skin, which minimizes infection by not introducing a foreign body that would connect external and internal regions of the body. (From Segen, Current Med Talk, 1995)
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, that are involved in the blood coagulation process.
Surgical removal of the pancreas. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The application of a caustic substance, a hot instrument, an electric current, or other agent to control bleeding while removing or destroying tissue.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.
The administration of medication or fluid directly into localized lesions, by means of gravity flow or INFUSION PUMPS.
Excision, in part or whole, of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. The most common indication is disk displacement or herniation. In addition to standard surgical removal, it can be performed by percutaneous diskectomy (DISKECTOMY, PERCUTANEOUS) or by laparoscopic diskectomy, the former being the more common.
Nonexpendable apparatus used during surgical procedures. They are differentiated from SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS, usually hand-held and used in the immediate operative field.
Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.
One of a pair of thick-walled tubes that transports urine from the KIDNEY PELVIS to the URINARY BLADDER.
Tumors or cancers of the KIDNEY.
Fractures of the femur.
Breakdown of the connection and subsequent leakage of effluent (fluids, secretions, air) from a SURGICAL ANASTOMOSIS of the digestive, respiratory, genitourinary, and cardiovascular systems. Most common leakages are from the breakdown of suture lines in gastrointestinal or bowel anastomosis.
Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).
Surgical excision of one or more lymph nodes. Its most common use is in cancer surgery. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p966)
The body region lying between the genital area and the ANUS on the surface of the trunk, and to the shallow compartment lying deep to this area that is inferior to the PELVIC DIAPHRAGM. The surface area is between the VULVA and the anus in the female, and between the SCROTUM and the anus in the male.
The use of nails that are inserted into bone cavities in order to keep fractured bones together.
Replacement of the ELBOW JOINT.
The transfer of blood components such as erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets, and plasma from a donor to a recipient or back to the donor. This process differs from the procedures undertaken in PLASMAPHERESIS and types of CYTAPHERESIS; (PLATELETPHERESIS and LEUKAPHERESIS) where, following the removal of plasma or the specific cell components, the remainder is transfused back to the donor.
The period of OBSTETRIC LABOR that is from the complete dilatation of the CERVIX UTERI to the expulsion of the FETUS.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Excision of part (partial) or all (total) of the esophagus. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Bones that constitute each half of the pelvic girdle in VERTEBRATES, formed by fusion of the ILIUM; ISCHIUM; and PUBIC BONE.
An abnormally low volume of blood circulating through the body. It may result in hypovolemic shock (see SHOCK).
A pathological condition manifested by failure to perfuse or oxygenate vital organs.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Methods of creating machines and devices.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
A preparation consisting of PLATELETS concentrated in a limited volume of PLASMA. This is used in various surgical tissue regeneration procedures where the GROWTH FACTORS in the platelets enhance wound healing and regeneration.
The tearing or bursting of the wall along any portion of the AORTA, such as thoracic or abdominal. It may result from the rupture of an aneurysm or it may be due to TRAUMA.
Pathological processes involving any part of the UTERUS.
Transverse sectioning and repositioning of the maxilla. There are three types: Le Fort I osteotomy for maxillary advancement or the treatment of maxillary fractures; Le Fort II osteotomy for the treatment of maxillary fractures; Le Fort III osteotomy for the treatment of maxillary fractures with fracture of one or more facial bones. Le Fort III is often used also to correct craniofacial dysostosis and related facial abnormalities. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p1203 & p662)
The natural enzymatic dissolution of FIBRIN.
The constant checking on the state or condition of a patient during the course of a surgical operation (e.g., checking of vital signs).
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The treatment of patients without the use of allogeneic BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS or blood products.
A surgical procedure that entails removing all (laminectomy) or part (laminotomy) of selected vertebral lamina to relieve pressure on the SPINAL CORD and/or SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Vertebral lamina is the thin flattened posterior wall of vertebral arch that forms the vertebral foramen through which pass the spinal cord and nerve roots.
Testing erythrocytes to determine presence or absence of blood-group antigens, testing of serum to determine the presence or absence of antibodies to these antigens, and selecting biocompatible blood by crossmatching samples from the donor against samples from the recipient. Crossmatching is performed prior to transfusion.
The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.
The flattened, funnel-shaped expansion connecting the URETER to the KIDNEY CALICES.

Use of high-intensity focused ultrasound to control bleeding. (1/1113)

OBJECTIVE: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) has been shown to be effective in controlling hemorrhage from punctures in blood vessels. The objective of the current study was to investigate the capability of HIFU to stop bleeding after a more severe type of vascular injury, namely longitudinal incisions of arteries and veins. METHODS: The superficial femoral arteries, common femoral arteries, carotid arteries, and jugular veins of four anesthetized pigs were exposed surgically. A longitudinal incision, 2 to 8 mm in length, was produced in the vessel. HIFU treatment was applied within 5 seconds of the onset of the bleeding. The HIFU probe consisted of a high-power, 3.5-MHz, piezoelectric transducer with an ellipsoidal focal spot that was 1 mm in cross section and 9 mm in axial dimension. The entire incision area was scanned with the HIFU beam at a rate of 15 to 25 times/second and a linear displacement of 5 to 10 mm. A total of 76 incisions and HIFU treatments were performed. RESULTS: Control of bleeding (major hemosatsis) was achieved in all 76 treatments, with complete hemostasis achieved in 69 treatments (91%). The average treatment times of major and complete hemostasis were 17 and 25 seconds, respectively. After the treatment, 74% of the vessels in which complete hemostasis was achieved were patent with distal blood flow and 26% were occluded. The HIFU-treated vessels showed a consistent coagulation of the adventitia surrounding the vessels, with a remarkably localized injury to the vessel wall. Extensive fibrin deposition at the treatment site was observed. CONCLUSION: HIFU may provide a useful method of achieving hemostasis for arteries and veins in a variety of clinical applications.  (+info)

Prolonged continuous or intermittent vascular inflow occlusion during hemihepatectomy in pigs. (2/1113)

OBJECTIVE: To assess ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury in a hemihepatectomy model in pigs after prolonged continuous or intermittent vascular inflow occlusion in the liver. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Massive intraoperative blood loss during liver resections can be prevented by temporary vascular inflow occlusion, consequently leading to ischemia and reperfusion injury in the remnant liver. Previously, in a pig liver resection model in which only limited I/R injury was induced during brief (90 min) vascular inflow occlusion, the authors demonstrated reduced I/R injury after continuous (CNT) occlusion, compared to intermittent (INT). This liver resection study on pigs was undertaken to assess I/R injury after prolonged (120 min) CNT or INT occlusion. METHODS: In pigs (37.0 +/- 1.5 kg), liver ischemia during 2 hours was CNT (n = 6) or INT (n = 6) (eight subsequent periods of 12 min ischemia and 3 min recirculation), followed by 6 hours of reperfusion. A left hemihepatectomy (45.5% +/- 1.4%) was performed within the first 12 minutes of ischemia. No hepatic pedicle clamping or liver resection was performed in control experiments (n = 6). Microvascular damage was assessed by hyaluronic acid (HA) uptake capacity of the liver (parameter of early sinusoidal endothelial cell damage) and restoration of intrahepatic tissue pO2 during reperfusion. Hepatocellular damage was tested by plasma concentrations of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). RESULTS: Hyaluronic acid uptake after 6 hours of reperfusion, compared to preischemic uptake, was unaltered in the control group, but was significantly reduced in both resection groups. However, more HA was taken up after INT occlusion, compared to CNT (60.4% +/- 5.6% and 39.5% +/- 3.7%, respectively; ANOVA: p = 0.001). Intrahepatic tissue pO2 distribution after 6 hours of reperfusion more closely returned to preischemic configuration in the INT group than in the CNT group, indicating reduced microcirculatory disturbances after INT occlusion. Release of AST and LDH after 6 hours of reperfusion was significantly increased in both CNT and INT groups. Lower AST levels, however, were found after INT occlusion than after CNT occlusion (267.0 +/- 74.7 U/l and 603.3 +/- 132.4 U/l, respectively; p = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS: Intermittent hepatic vascular inflow occlusion during prolonged liver ischemia in pigs resulted in less microcirculatory and hepatocellular injury, compared to continuous occlusion. Intermittent clamping is preferable when prolonged periods of vascular inflow occlusion are applied during liver resections.  (+info)

Simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty in a single procedure. (3/1113)

Eighty-eight consecutive patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) were reviewed retrospectively and divided into two groups. Group I (64 patients) had both knees replaced simultaneously by one team in a single procedure while Group II (24 patients) had 2 operations staged about 7 days apart. The blood loss, operative time, knee functional score, period of hospitalisation and complications were documented in order to compare the 2 groups. Performing simultaneous bilateral TKA (Group I) did not increase the incidence of operative or post-operative complications. Equally, the functional score and mean intra- and post-operative blood loss were not influenced. The operative time and duration of hospitalisation were significantly shorter in Group I than in Group II. On the basis of the results of this study, it appears that simultaneous bilateral TKA is beneficial.  (+info)

Non-invasive aortic blood flow measurement in infants during repair of craniosynostosis. (4/1113)

We have assessed the potential clinical benefit of a new echo-Doppler device (Dynemo 3000) which provides a continuous measure of aortic blood flow (ABF) using an aortic flowmeter and a paediatric oesophageal probe, during repair of craniosynostosis in infants under general anaesthesia. The data recorded included: ABFi (i = indexed to body surface area), stroke volume (SVi), systemic vascular resistance (TSVRi), pre-ejection period (PEP), left ventricular ejection time (LVET), mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and central venous pressure (CVP). Data were collected: before (T1) and 3 min after skin incision (T2), at the time of maximal haemorrhage (T3) and at the end of the procedure (T4). Twelve infants (aged 7.0 (range 6-12) months) were included. ABFi, MAP and CVP were significantly lower at T3 compared with T1 (2.0 (0.8) vs 3.0 (0.8) litre min-1 m-2, 46.1 (5.8) vs 65.2 (8.9) mm Hg and 2.8 (1.6) vs 5.2 (2.1) mm Hg; P < 0.05). PEP/LVET ratio was significantly lower at T2 compared with T1 (0.25 (0.05) vs 0.30 (0.06)) and increased at T4 (0.36 (0.04); P < 0.05). These preliminary results suggest that this non-invasive ABF echo-Doppler device may be useful for continuous haemodynamic monitoring during a surgical procedure associated with haemorrhage in infants.  (+info)

Effect of infiltration with ropivacaine on blood loss during reduction mammoplasty. (5/1113)

Ropivacaine is a new aminoamide local anaesthetic agent. Unlike other agents in its class, such as bupivacaine, it has been found to be vasoconstrictive. We have sought to investigate if this property is clinically useful and may reduce surgical blood loss. Reduction mammoplasty is a procedure in which considerable blood loss may occur. We have compared pre-incision infiltration of ropivacaine 75 mg in 0.9% saline 60 ml with the current practice of infiltration with bupivacaine 75 mg in 0.9% saline 60 ml and epinephrine (adrenaline) 5 micrograms ml-1. We studied five subjects; each received both solutions by infiltration, one to each breast, in random order and both the operating surgeon and anaesthetist were blind to the solution given. For data analysis, blood loss was expressed in ml/kg of tissue excised. There was no significant difference between the two regimens for duration of surgery or amount of tissue excised; however, ropivacaine was associated with markedly greater intraoperative blood loss than bupivacaine (median 696 (range 305-1366) ml kg-1 vs 300 (169-608) ml kg-1; P = 0.04, Wilcoxon rank sum test). Postoperative blood loss was not significantly different between groups (116 (14-173) ml kg-1 vs 98 (13-332) ml kg-1; P = 0.69, Wilcoxon rank sum test). We conclude that the vasoconstrictive properties of ropivacaine were not sufficiently great to merit its use as a sole agent for infiltration before reduction mammoplasty.  (+info)

Randomised controlled trial of effect of terbutaline before elective caesarean section on postnatal respiration and glucose homeostasis. (6/1113)

AIM: To determine if terbutaline given to mothers before elective caesarean section facilitates neonatal respiration and metabolism. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial of 25 full term infants delivered by elective caesarean section was conducted. The mothers received a continuous infusion of terbutaline or saline 120-0 minutes before birth. Umbilical artery blood was collected at birth and analysed for blood gases and catecholamines. The lung function of each infant was assessed two hours after birth, and blood pressure, heart rate, blood glucose and body temperature were monitored until 24 hours of age. RESULTS: The infants of the treated mothers (n = 13) had significantly higher dynamic lung compliance (p < 0.001), lower airway resistance (p < 0.001), and respiratory frequency than control infants (n = 12). Blood glucose and adrenaline concentrations were significantly higher in the treated group (p = 0.0014 and p < 0.01). None of these infants had any clinical respiratory difficulties; there were two cases of transient tachypnoea in the control group. No negative side effects due to the terbutaline treatment were seen among the infants. The mothers felt no discomfort caused by the terbutaline infusion, although they bled more during surgery (p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Stimulation of the beta adrenoceptors in utero with terbutaline infusion to the mothers promotes neonatal respiratory and metabolic adaptation after elective caesarean section.  (+info)

Haemodynamic assessment of hypovolaemia under general anaesthesia in pigs submitted to graded haemorrhage and retransfusion. (7/1113)

We have compared the value of different variables used in the assessment of blood loss during progressive hypovolaemia and resuscitation under general anaesthesia in anaesthetized pigs. We measured mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), the negative component of the systolic arterial pressure variation (delta Down) and left ventricular end-diastolic area (LVEDa) using echocardiography. Blood was progressively withdrawn (up to 35 ml kg-1 in seven steps) and then reinfused after the same pattern. Regression coefficient (r) and normalized slope (nS) of the regression relationship between each variable and amount of blood loss were determined. The difference between the withdrawal and reinfusion curves was assessed by the area between the curves. We also estimated the minimal loss of blood volume which induced significant changes in each variable compared with that under control conditions during withdrawal of blood (minWBV) and maximal loss in blood volume which induced no significant changes in a variable compared with control conditions during retransfusion (maxRBV). During haemorrhage, MAP decreased (from mean 74 (SD 9) to 31 (5) mm Hg; P < 0.001), delta Down increased (from 1.2 (1.4) to 11.4 (4.2) mm Hg; P < 0.001), PCWP decreased (from 6.2 (2.1) to 0.3 (1.0) mm Hg; P < 0.001) and LVEDa decreased (from 13.8 (2.0) to 5.1 (2.0) cm2; P < 0.01). The highest r values were obtained with MAP and LVEDa, and the highest nS value with delta Down. The least difference between withdrawal and reinfusion was with LVEDa, the lowest values of minWBV were with PCWP and LVEDa, and the highest value of maxRBV was obtained with PCWP. During progressive haemorrhage under general anaesthesia, LVEDa was an accurate variable for assessment of blood volume loss, delta Down contributed no further information compared with MAP, and PCWP was the most reliable variable for assessing return to baseline blood volume.  (+info)

Do obese patients bleed more? A prospective study of blood loss at total hip replacement. (8/1113)

This study compares blood loss at total hip replacement in obese and non-obese patients. We made a prospective study of intra-operative and postoperative blood loss in 80 consecutive primary cemented hip replacements. Patients' obesity was classified according to body mass index (BMI). Overall mean total blood loss was 1050 ml. Obese patients (BMI > 30) bled significantly more (P < 0.0001) than those of optimal weight (BMI < 26), whereas those overweight (BMI 26-30) did not. The mean excess blood loss in obese patients was 380 ml (95% confidence interval, 200-560 ml). At a time when the prevalence of obesity is increasing, this study quantifies the risks of greater blood loss with respect to obesity and aids informed consent.  (+info)

Accurately quantifying surgical blood loss can be critical as a clinical trial outcome, and understanding estimated blood loss is important to patient care. In addition to visual estimates, anthropometric and laboratory data can be used to estimate surgical blood loss. In this infographic, we review recent work that utilized an existing data set to compare directly measured surgical blood loss to 3 previously described methods of estimating surgical blood loss and one newly derived approach.1 Hct indicates hematocrit; EBV, estimated blood volume; Hcti, initial hematocrit; Hctf, final hematocrit. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Does Prophylactic Administration of TXA Reduce Mean Operative Time and Postoperative Blood Loss in Posterior Approach Lumbar Spinal Fusion Surgery Performed for Degenerative Spinal Disease?. AU - Larson, Evan. AU - Evans, Tyler. AU - Long, Jake. AU - Gannon, Emmett. AU - Lyden, Elizabeth. AU - Cornett, Chris Alan. PY - 2019/8/1. Y1 - 2019/8/1. N2 - Study Design:This is a level III retrospective cohort study.Objective:To investigate association between prophylactic tranexamic acid (TXA) administration before 1 and 2-level posterior lumbar interbody fusion operations and perioperative blood loss (including intraoperative blood loss and postoperative drain output), mean operative time, postoperative transfusion, and postoperative venous thromboembolic events.Summary of Background Data:TXA is a systemic antifibrinolytic that competitively inhibits lysine binding sites on plasminogen, reversibly blocking its binding to fibrin and impeding fibrinolysis and clot degradation. TXAs role ...
Introduction: The estimation of blood loss rate during surgery for prediction of transfusion of blood or blood products requirement is important for surgeon and anesthesiologist. In regard to various results and lack of definite index for start of transfusion in operating rooms, the assessment of blood loss reduction is necessary. The aim of study was evaluation of hemoglobin (Hb) value and hemorrhage estimation rate. Methods and materials: 48 cases underwent major orthopedic surgery with high probability of intraoperative blood loss rate was included in study. Hb, hematocrit (Hct) and basic vital signs were measured preoperatively and blood loss rate was estimated by using of blood volume in suction, bloody gases and blood loss in operation field and recorded. The blood sample per 100 mL blood loss was sent to laboratory. For transfusion deciding based on Hb, we did not any intervention. Results: 26 males and 22 females were included in study. Our results showed that Hb value of males was higher
Background Ahead of routine screening process of blood items many sufferers with haemophilia were infected with hepatitis C computer virus (HCV) Zaurategrast and have subsequently gone on to develop end-stage liver disease (ESLD). and 4 (22%) experienced hepatocellular carcinoma. Median intra-operative blood loss was 4.2 l (range 0.8-12) and all received coagulation factor support peri-operatively. Coagulation was unsupported by 72 h post-operatively in all recipients. Two sufferers developed problems as a complete consequence of post-operative bleeding. At a median follow-up of 90 a few months 8 sufferers have passed away including 4 from the 5 sufferers which were HIV positive. The median success of sufferers with and without HIV co-infection was 26 and 118 a few months respectively. Bottom line LT in sufferers with haemophilia treatments the coagulation disorder and in the Zaurategrast lack of HIV/HCV co-infection is certainly connected with long-term individual success. = 5) ahead of 1997 or ...
New device reduces blood loss in surgery - Health - Scotsman.com use above link to read full article http://www.scotsman.com/webimage/7.25526.1336490729%21image/3142543874.png_gen/derivatives/default/3142543874.png http://www.scotsman.com/logger/p.gif?a=1.2481028&d=/2.6543/2.7475/2.7480
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BACKGROUND: Open simple prostatectomy has long been associated with large blood losses; hence allogeneic blood transfusion in this procedure is a standard practice world over. A review of literature suggests significant association between perioperative blood loss accompanying open simple prostatectomy and certain patient factors. The shortage of blood and blood products in our blood transfusion centres as well as the alarming risks of transfusion reactions and disease dissemination demanded a review of these factors with the aim of reducing morbidity associated with peri-operative blood loss and blood transfusion. OBJECTIVES: To assess blood loss, determine blood transfusion rate, and define some of the factors associated with peri-operative blood loss and blood transfusion in open simple prostatectomy. DESIGN : A prospective cohort study. SETTINGS: The urology units of Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya. RESULTS: Ninety five patients who underwent open simple prostatectomy for benign prostatic ...
Results: Origin, volume, and blood vessel or venous sinus involvement of meningioma affected its EBL statistically. Calcification, invasive behaviors, dural tail sign, peritumoral edema and adjacent bone involvement did not influence EBL statistically. Origin and volume were independent risk factors for the high intraoperative blood loss. Origin, volume and blood vessel or venous sinus involvement were independent risk factors for the intraoperative red blood cell transfusion requirement. A scoring method was proposed to predict the intraoperative blood loss and transfusion of meningioma based on preoperative images ...
BACKGROUND:Visual estimation and gravimetric methods are commonly used to quantify the volume of blood loss during cesarean delivery (CD). However, the correlation between blood loss and post-CD hemoglobin (Hb) is poorly studied, and it is unclear whether the correlation varies according to how bloo
Considering the potential impact on patients and decision making, these findings may be important to ED care. The types of situations assessed in the study were found to lead to both low precision and poor accuracy in estimating blood loss. Emergency physicians should be aware of the potential for inaccuracies in making and using these estimates in clinical care.. Future research should explore various interventions that may improve the ability to estimate blood loss during clinical decision making. More information on the value of adding these estimation skills to emergency medicine training is also warranted. Training programs to enhance the estimation skills of physicians should be tested, evaluated, and, if successful, incorporated into emergency medicine and advanced trauma care. Many factors can lead to poor estimation of blood loss, especially during early evaluations. The key is to interpret blood loss estimates with great caution. ...
Ama : Total diz veya kal a artroplastisinden sonra yayg n olarak g r len gizli kan kayb (GKK), g r lebilir kan hacmi kayb na dayanan reinf zyon veya kan nakli sonras nda bile postoperatif anemiye neden olur. Son y llarda yap lan al malar oksidatif stresin GKK yla ili kili olabilece ini g stermi tir. Bununla birlikte, proantosiyanidin (PA) veya hidrojenli su (HS) antioksidanlar n n GKK yi iyile tirip iyile tirmedi i anla lamam t r. Bu al man n amac PA ve HS nin GKK zerindeki etkilerini de erlendirmektir ...
Ama : Total diz veya kal a artroplastisinden sonra yayg n olarak g r len gizli kan kayb (GKK), g r lebilir kan hacmi kayb na dayanan reinf zyon veya kan nakli sonras nda bile postoperatif anemiye neden olur. Son y llarda yap lan al malar oksidatif stresin GKK yla ili kili olabilece ini g stermi tir. Bununla birlikte, proantosiyanidin (PA) veya hidrojenli su (HS) antioksidanlar n n GKK yi iyile tirip iyile tirmedi i anla lamam t r. Bu al man n amac PA ve HS nin GKK zerindeki etkilerini de erlendirmektir ...
Intraoperative transit time flow meters & flow probes for every OR suite. In surgery confirm clinical impressions with objective flow measurement data.
While the occurrence of blood loss per rectum in general practice is common and usually not serious, it may be the first symptom of a colorectal malignant disorder. To determine the occurrence and clinical significance of overt blood loss per rectum a Medline literature search was undertaken. The incidence of this symptom in the general population was reported to be approximately 20 per 100 people per year, the consultation incidence in general practice approximately six per 1000 and the incidence of referral to a medical specialist was estimated to be about seven per 10,000 per year. The clinical significance of the symptom varied within different populations: the predictive value of overt rectal blood loss for colorectal malignancy was estimated to be less than one in 1000 in the general population, approximately two in 100 in general practice and up to 36 in 100 in referred patients. How the manifestation of the bleeding (and other signs and symptoms) contributes to the selection of ...
Elective surgery causes a marked, transient reduction in insulin sensitivity. The degree of the reduction is related to the magnitude of the operation. The type and duration of surgery performed, perioperative blood loss, and also the degree of postoperative insulin resistance have significant influ …
Compare and contrast the composition of blood plasma and glomerular filtrate. Your friend is in a car accident and experiences a substantial amount of blood loss. The emergency room doctor tells you he is sending your friend to.
Tips to help with your thrombocytopenia: Acute Blood Loss Thrombocytopenia. My thrombocytopenia, Online resources for thrombocytopenia.
Gastrointestinal bleeding occurs as a result of blood loss from somewhere in the gastrointestinal tract, the passage that extends from the mouth to the anus.
Objective: To assess the effect of tourniquet application of intraoperative blood loss in placenta accreta cases undergoing cesarean hysterectomy. Materials and methods: Nine cases and twenty controls with USG and colour Doppler diagnosed placenta accreta with previous cesarean section were chosen to utilize this _disibledevent= 0.0002). No intra-operative or post-operative surgical complications were observed in any of the cases whereas the controls reportedly had a few. All the mothers and babies were healthy at the time of discharge. Conclusion: The presence of placenta accreta is associated with major fetal and maternal complications. The technique of tourniquet application is efficacious in minimizing the intra-operative blood loss and surgical complications due to obstruction of operative field by bleeding and also by preventing massive blood transfusion related complications.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Detection of homologous blood transfusion. AU - Voß, Sven. AU - Thevis, Mario. AU - Schinkothe, T.. AU - Schänzer, Wilhelm. PY - 2007. Y1 - 2007. N2 - The aim of the present study was to improve and validate a flow cytometric method for the detection of homologous blood transfusion in doping control analysis. A panel of eight different primary antibodies and two different phycoerythrin-conjugated secondary antibodies was used for the detection of different blood populations. The flow cytometer used in this study was the BD FACSArray® instrument. Mixed red blood cell populations were prepared from phenotype known donors. Linearity, specificity, recovery, precision, robustness and interday-precision were tested for every primary antibody used in the presented assay. The technique of signal amplification was utilized for an improved separation of antigens with weak or heterozygous expression to improve the interpretation of histograms. The resulting method allowed to clearly ...
Blood transfusion is administered during many types of surgery, but its efficacy and safety are increasingly questioned. Evaluation of the efficacy of agents, such as desmopressin (DDAVP; 1-deamino-8-D-arginine-vasopressin), that may reduce perioperative blood loss is needed.To examine the evidence for the efficacy of DDAVP in reducing perioperative blood loss and the need for red cell transfusion in people who do not have inherited bleeding disorders.We searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (2017, issue 3) in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE (from 1946), Embase (from 1974), the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) (from 1937), the Transfusion Evidence Library (from 1980), and ongoing trial databases (all searches to 3 April 2017).We included randomised controlled trials comparing DDAVP to placebo or an active comparator (e.g. tranexamic acid, aprotinin) before, during, or immediately after surgery or after
Product Name: Tranexamic Acid Injection. Common Name: antifibrinolytic injection. Strength: 100 mg / ml. Description: Tranexamic acid belongs to the class of medications called antifibrinolytic agents. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is a medication used to treat or prevent excessive blood loss from trauma, surgery, and in various medical conditions including hemophilia and heavy menstrual bleeding. It comes in oral and intravenous forms.. Indications and Usage:. Tranexamic acid medication is used to prevent or reduce bleeding in certain conditions, such as dental surgery in people with hereditary blood clotting disorders, cervical surgery, heavy menstrual bleeding, nose bleeds and bleeding inside the eye.. In some medical conditions, the body breaks down blood clots too fast, not allowing the bleeding to stop and the wound to heal. Tranexamic acid works by blocking the breakdown of clots in the body.. Pack Size: Tranexamic Acid Injection is available in 5ml.. Minimum Order Quantity: 3000 ...
A previously described method by Belanger for posterior fusion of the sacroiliac joint utilizing pedicular instrumentation is presented, suitable for cases with chronic pain. Two patients with nontraumatic disorders of the sacroiliac joint who have undergone successful arthrodesis by this technique are presented. One patient, with poliomyelitis sequels, had sacroiliac disruption secondary to mechanical overloading; the other, had degeneration of the sacroiliac joint. In both cases their fusion remained stable after 3 years follow-up.. The advantage of this technique, using iliac and S1 pedicular screws, is that the screws are relatively easy and rapid to insert. As they are connected to the rod a very stable fixation is achieve and this allows for a low-profil construct. This technique has reduced intra-operative blood loss and operative time.. This method of sacroiliac arthrodesis may be an attractive option for surgeons who are familiar with pedicle screws instrumentation techniques. It should ...
Most of the above-mentioned procedures can be performed with the assistance of robotic technology. Gynecologic surgeons at the University of Florida are proud to utilize the most advanced robotic technology in the world. Two da Vinci Si robotic systems are housed at Shands at UF and are used routinely for a myriad of gynecologic procedures such as hysterectomy, myomectomy, sacrocolpopexy and adnexal surgery. The da Vinci system provides superior 3-D quality visualization and magnification, along with the precision afforded with its unique wristed instruments. Robotic and minimally-invasive approaches offer significant benefits over traditional open surgery, such as less surgical blood loss, less scarring, less pain, better cosmetic results and faster recovery and return to regular activities. Most patients are able to leave the hospital within 24 hours.. ...
Total knee arthroplasty usually has an important blood loss which may lead patients to receive allogeneic blood transfusion up to 30-45% of cases. Allogeneic blood transf..
The purpose of our study was to estimate the influence of estimated intraoperative blood loss (EIBL) on postoperative cardiopulmonary complications (PCCs) in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We conducted a single-center retrospective analysis on the clinical data of consecutive patients in our institution between April 2015 and February 2016. Demographic differences between PCC group and non-PCC group were initially assessed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed to determine the threshold value of EIBL for the prediction of PCCs. Demographic differences in the PCC rates and length of stay between two groups of patients divided by this cutoff were further evaluated. A multivariable logistic-regression model involving the clinicopathological parameters with P-value| 0.05 was finally established to identify independent risk factors for PCCs. A total of 429 patients with operable NSCLC were included
Since the successful perioperative use of rhEPO more than 5 years ago in an animal model, many reports (1) have detailed its use in clinical medicine. The investigation by Biesma and colleagues joins a growing list of studies that support the preoperative clinical use of rhEPO as an adjunct to decrease allogeneic (homologous) red blood cell use (1, 2). Their study is also unique in that it helps to define specific groups of patients who may most benefit from preoperative rhEPO, namely, those autologous blood donors with blood volumes , 5 L. Autologous blood collection services currently allow many patients who are having elective surgery to bank their own blood. As much as 60% of the autologous blood collected in the United States, however, does not get transfused. In the study by Biesma and colleagues, 54% (27 of 50) of the patients in the rhEPO-treated group were not transfused with any red blood cells. The cost to the hospital pharmacy for rhEPO is approximately $10 per 1000 units, which ...
As French physicians frequently and currently deployed in Theater of Operations in Africa, we read with interest the article by Ariyo et al.1 reviewing the anesthesia care provided at Médecins Sans Frontières facilities between 2008 and 2014. Spinal anesthesia was the most common type of anesthetic technique (34,413 [45.56%]), with cesarean section being the most common type of procedure performed (26,091 [34.54%]). Wound surgeries represented another common procedure type included in this retrospective study (18,547 [24.55%]). In this context, perioperative deaths occurred in 72 (0.21%) cases of obstetrics/gynecology and urology surgery and in only seven (0.06%) cases of wound surgeries. Nevertheless, the authors did not provide any details regarding the causes of death or any details about the incidence of perioperative bleeding and perioperative blood management. Perioperative blood management refers to perioperative blood transfusion and adjuvant therapies.2 Perioperative blood transfusion ...
To the editor: Kobrinsky and associates (1) show that patients receiving 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (desmopressin) had a decreased blood loss during Harrington rod spinal fusion surgery. The authors speculate that the decreased blood loss was due to various hematologic effects of desmopressin and conclude that the use of desmopressin in other surgical procedures associated with significant blood loss is recommended.. This conclusion is probably unwarranted. Intraoperatively a balanced technique with normotension was used. Unless specifically contraindicated, induced hypotension with a mean blood pressure of about 70 torr is the accepted anesthetic technique (2). This is done to minimize intraoperative blood loss. ...
University of the District of Columbia. J. Treslott, MD: Purchase Tranexamic Acid - Trusted online Tranexamic Acid no RX.. Because it is impossible to maintain perfect insulation tranexamic 500mg generic medications j tube, the inner container is continually trying to draw heat from the atmosphere order tranexamic 500mg visa medications hyperthyroidism, though this is partially offset by the evaporation of liquid during use tranexamic 500mg with mastercard medications dictionary. If there is no demand, the pressure inside the vessel will rise, causing the safety relief valve to vent gas to atmosphere; to avoid this, the fow valves are designed to open under high pressure and permit gas to pass into the pipeline distribution line. When this happens, liquid is withdrawn from the inferiorly located liquid valve and passed through a pressure-raising coil which raises the pressure to 10. This can be either a simple ambient vaporizer or duplex timed automatic • a main vessel containing operational ...
Looking for online definition of Blood loss in the Medical Dictionary? Blood loss explanation free. What is Blood loss? Meaning of Blood loss medical term. What does Blood loss mean?
Patient Blood Management ist ein medizinisches Konzept zur Steigerung der Patientensicherheit durch Stärkung der körpereigenen Blutreserven.
RESULTS: We studied 49 laparoscopic liver resections with PVC and 56 without PVC. There were 25 major resections (>3 segments) in the PVC group and only 3 in the group without PVC. There was no difference in operative time between the two groups (244 ± 113 in the PVC group vs. 218 ± 119 minutes without PVC, p=ns). Seven patients underwent conversion, only one in the group with PVC and 6 in the group without PVC. Blood loss and transfusion rate were lower in the group with PVC (201 vs. 543 ml, p. ...
A growing body of evidence has shown tranexamic acid (TXA) to be effective in decreasing perioperative blood loss and transfusion requirements in both primary and revision hip and knee arthroplasty.
Summary of Facts and Submissions. I. The appeal was lodged by the Patent Proprietors (Appellants) against the decision of the Opposition Division, whereby the European Patent No. 624 095 was revoked according to Article 102(1) EPC.. II. The patent has been granted with claims 1 to 11. Claims 1, 5 and 6 thereof read as follows:. 1. The use of factor XIII for the production of a pharmaceutical composition for the reduction of perioperative blood loss in a patient undergoing surgery.. 5. Use according to any of claims 1 to 4, wherein factor XIII is administrable at a dose of 0.1 - 1.00 mg per kg of patient weight.. 6. Use according to any of claims 1 to 4, wherein factor XIII is administrable at a dose of 0.15 - 0.4 mg per kg of patient weight.. III. The patent had been opposed by Opponents 01 and 02 (Respondents I and II) under Article 100(a) EPC on the grounds of lack of novelty (Article 54 EPC) and lack of inventive step (Article 56 EPC). Article 100(b) EPC on the ground of lack of sufficient ...
O:13:\PanistOpenUrl\:36:{s:10:\\u0000*\u0000openUrl\;N;s:6:\\u0000*\u0000idc\;N;s:6:\\u0000*\u0000fmt\;s:7:\journal\;s:6:\\u0000*\u0000doi\;s:25:\10.1080\/17453670902804893\;s:6:\\u0000*\u0000pii\;s:0:\\;s:7:\\u0000*\u0000pmid\;s:0:\\;s:9:\\u0000*\u0000atitle\;s:157:\Pneumatic wound compression after hip fracture surgery did not reduce postoperative blood transfusion : A randomized controlled trial involving 292 fractures\;s:9:\\u0000*\u0000jtitle\;s:25:\Acta orthopaedica (Print)\;s:9:\\u0000*\u0000stitle\;s:20:\Acta orthop. ...
Autotransfusion Services is a unique specialty that includes collecting and returning shed blood from the surgical field to significantly reduce or eliminate the need for blood transfusions.
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For orthopedic surgery, is tranexamic acid standard for pre- and peri-operative anticoagulation? - Education, You Make the Call - ASH Clinical News
Tranexamic Acid, an antifibrinolytic, is used off label to reduce bleeding in certain kinds of surgery, including major orthopedic and spine
List of 5 disease causes of Blood loss in adolescents causing anemia, patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Blood loss in adolescents causing anemia.
USA: The administration of tranexamic acid before hospitalization in injured patients at hemorrhage risk although is safe but it did not significantly lower mortality risk, according to a recent study...
Nanoparticles are capable of aggregating at injury sites and helping in clotting. This helps control blood loss, and may save lives without need for major surgery.
Health4u provides an expert opinion - What are the symptoms of Diabetes?, Powerful Foods to avoid and Control Diabetes, Ayurvedic Diet for Diabetes, etc.
CRASH-2 trial came out in 2010 to answer this question: What are the effects of the early administration of a short course of tranexamic acid on death in trauma patients with or at risk of significant haemorrhage? CRASH-2 trial is a large placebo controlled trial undertaken in 276 hospitals in 40 countries. Discussion: Patients were included if the…
This comprehensive hands-on volume offers a three-point approach for the implementation of PBM to improve patient outcome, focusing on how to prevent or treat anemia, reduce blood loss, and increase anemia.
Its pharmaceutical use is only advised for short term use and it must be used with special care in patients who have a history of....
5.0603 -42.8239 SADLY, the deaths of 29-year-old conjoined Iranian twins during surgery prove that despite numerous strides in medical science, such delicate and risky surgery has a long way to go.. More than 50 hours into what was to have been four days of surgery in Singapore, Ladan Bijani died. Her sister Laleh died 90 minutes later. Both deaths were blamed on blood loss.. The sisters understood that the risks of surgery were high. Joined at the head, with brains that not only shared a vein but had fused over the years, the women so desperately desired to live separately that they willingly and courageously faced the possibility that one, or both of them, could die in the process.. That should be stressed more than trying to fix blame.. The adoptive father of the two was bitter. When they took them to Singapore I knew they would bring back their bodies, Alireza Safian said. They took them there and killed them.. His emotional state is understandable if way off the mark.. Other adult ...
1 g IV tranexamic acic at the beginning and 1 g IV tranexamic acic at the end of case. Do not give IV tranexamic acid if the patient has exclusion critieria (recent stent, stroke, DVT...) ...
This educational activity may contain discussion of published and/or investigational uses of agents that are not indicated by the FDA. The planners of this activity do not recommend the use of any agent outside of the labeled indications.. The opinions expressed in the educational activity are those of the faculty and do not necessarily represent the views of the planners. Please refer to the official prescribing information for each product for discussion of approved indications, contraindications, and warnings.. ...
Kerry Katona came close to death during a horrendous labour when she gave birth to her baby girl earlier this month, a source has revealed.
Blood transfusion is a life-saving intervention for subjects with acute blood loss or hematological disturbance, and approximately 5 million people per year rec...
A newborn died in a waterbirth and another mother died from blood loss after the delivery of her baby, according to a new report on serious events in NZ h
Post-surgical management includes cryotherapy. Cryotherapy may slightly reduce the amount of blood loss and pain. It was ... Potential benefits of cryotherapy on blood loss, postoperative pain, and range of motion may be too small to justify its use, ... When the body is vulnerable to extreme cooling, the blood vessels are narrowed and make less blood flow to the areas of ... Weight loss Reducing anxiety and depression Reducing the symptoms of eczema Cryosurgery is the application of extreme cold to ...
One study in people with hernias showed mean blood loss of 15ml (a tablespoonful) per day in those with anemia, compared to 3 ... Surgical hernia repair is sometimes needed. Cameron lesions may lead to bleeding, and may be associated with heartburn or other ... The lesions may cause chronic blood loss resulting in iron deficiency anemia; less often they cause acute bleeding. Treatment ... Large hiatal hernias may cause chronic gastrointestinal blood loss leading to iron deficiency anemia. ...
Rarely, complications of intraocular surgery or acute blood loss may cause an ischemic event in the optic nerve. Anterior ION ... Posterior ION occurs arteritic, nonarteritic, and surgical settings. It is characterized by acute vision loss without initial ... is the loss of structure and function of a portion of the optic nerve due to obstruction of blood flow to the nerve (i.e. ... People affected will often complain of a loss of visual acuity and a visual field, the latter of which is usually in the ...
Acute blood loss is usually associated with an incident of trauma or a severe injury resulting in a large loss of blood. It can ... also occur during or after a surgical procedure. List of circulatory system conditions List of hematologic conditions Turgeon, ... Acute posthemorrhagic anemia or acute blood loss anemia is a condition in which a person quickly loses a large volume of ...
TORS afforded cancer cure with less operating time, blood loss, and complication frequency. In light of this data, the FDA ... At the time, surgical robots, in particular the da Vinci Surgical System, were already being used in urologic, thoracic and ... The current literature indicates that the TORS technique results in less blood loss, shorter hospital stays, and lower ... both of which are associated with increased blood loss and infection. There are ongoing clinical trials collecting data on TORS ...
need immediate care due to the life-threatening blood loss. In a hybrid operating room both open and endovascular treatment of ... To further accommodate typical surgical needs, side rails for mounting surgical equipment like retractors or limb holders ... Identification of the right table is a compromise between interventional and surgical requirements. Surgical and interventional ... the room could be run by their surgical department and should rather be situated next to other surgical facilities, to ensure ...
Most surgeons will not intervene until after the age of six months due to the heightened risk which blood loss poses before ... surgical care, and followup. There are two surgical procedures which are commonly used to treat sagittal synostosis. The matter ... The volume of blood in the cranial vault is auto-regulated by the brain, and will therefore not decrease that easily. ... The mutations can be divided into mutations that lead to gain of function (in FGFR genes) and mutations that lead to loss of ...
"Battling blood loss in neurosurgery: Harvey Cushing's embrace of electrosurgery". Journal of Neurosurgery. 102 (4): 745-752. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Goldfarb, Walter (2009). "Harvey Cushing and the New England Surgical Society". JAMA ...
Aside from lower blood loss in itself, this improves visualization and surgical efficiency. Modern examples are found in many ... surgical tourniquets are frequently applied in the controlled environment of the operating room in order to control blood loss ... "Ischemia": an inadequate blood supply to an organ or part of the body.[citation needed] "Reperfusion": the restoration of blood ... Surgical tourniquet times in excess of two hours have been associated with an increased risk of nerve damage (e.g., neuropraxia ...
Endoscopic corpus callosotomy has been employed with blood loss minimized during the surgical procedure. Corpus callosotomy is ... Improvements to surgical techniques, along with refinements of the indications, have allowed van Wagenen's procedure to endure ... Corpus callosotomy is a palliative surgical procedure for the treatment of medically refractory epilepsy. In this procedure the ... The most prominent non-surgical complications of corpus callosotomy relate to speech irregularities. For some patients, ...
In this period surgical mortality was very high, due to blood loss and infection. Yet since doctors thought that blood letting ... Physicians mostly observed surgical patients and offered consulting, but otherwise often chose academia, working in ... A barber surgeon was a person who could perform surgical procedures including bloodletting, cupping therapy, pulling teeth, and ... links with the surgical side of the medical profession remain. One is the traditional red and white barber's pole, or a ...
Due to the shared blood supply of organs in the proximal gastrointestinal system, surgical removal of the head of the pancreas ... preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy technique is associated with shorter operation time and less intraoperative blood loss, ... Intractable abdominal pain is the main surgical indication for surgical management of chronic pancreatitis. Removal of the head ... While blood supply to the liver is left intact, the common bile duct is removed. This means that while the liver remains with a ...
In the case of traumatic hypovolemic shock, this failure of adequate oxygen delivery is due to blood loss, as blood is the ... As with other traumatic cases, those with uncontrolled bleeding require immediate surgical intervention. If surgical ... Blood loss warranting surgery is 1-1.5 L of immediate chest tube drainage or ongoing bleeding of 200-300 mL/hr. Persistent air ... As such, any history from the scene such as gun type, shots fired, shot direction and distance, blood loss on scene, and pre- ...
... or blood inside the eye, which leads to loss of vision. Hyperaldosteronism caused by a tumor is treated by surgical removal of ... The most common signs in cats are muscle weakness and loss of eyesight, although only one of these signs may be present. Muscle ... It can be asymptomatic, but these symptoms may be present:[citation needed] Fatigue Headache High blood pressure Hypokalemia ... Secondary hyperaldosteronism can also be caused by Proximal renal tubular acidosis[citation needed] When taking a blood test, ...
Other risks include severe blood loss (which may require a blood transfusion) and postdural-puncture spinal headaches. Wound ... It was described by Michael Stark, the president of the New European Surgical Academy, at the time he was the director of ... It results in less blood loss and has fewer early and late complications for the mother, as well as allowing her to consider a ... Single layer closure compared with double layer closure has been observed to result in reduced blood loss during the surgery. ...
... weight loss and fatigue. Treatment involves surgical removal of the cancer, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or a combination of ... 2012). "Fibulin-3 as a blood and effusion biomarker for pleural mesothelioma". The New England Journal of Medicine. 367 (15): ... The symptoms include shortness of breath, chronic chest pain, cough, and weight loss. Diagnosing mesothelioma is often ... Symptoms include chronic cough, chest pain, breathlessness, haemoptysis (coughing up blood), wheezing or hoarseness of the ...
... and test blood hematocrit); and products that are marketed to the surgical suite for blood loss management for patients. These ... products include surgical blood salvage (or "autotransfusion") devices, surgical field blood suction systems, and blood and ... Donor products (marketed to the blood donation industry, these include products that automate the blood donation process, ... automate the processing of blood, support pathogen inactivation and bacterial detection of blood, ...
There is little spontaneous bleeding, but surgical procedures may cause excessive blood loss, and prophylaxis is required. Low ... Emsley J, McEwan PA, Gailani D (Apr 2010). "Structure and function of factor XI". Blood. 115 (13): 2569-77. doi:10.1182/blood- ... Blood. 59 (6): 1148-56. doi:10.1182/blood.V59.6.1148.1148. PMID 7044446. Imanaka Y, Lal K, Nishimura T, Bolton-Maggs PH, ... Blood. 79 (6): 1435-40. doi:10.1182/blood.V79.6.1435.1435. PMID 1547342. Gailani D, Broze GJ (Aug 1991). "Factor XI activation ...
Excessive blood loss and nerve/artery damage are rare occurrences in surgery and can usually be avoided with proper technique ... Surgical treatment of posterolateral corner injuries depend on whether the injury is of an acute or chronic nature and whether ... blood loss, and nerve/artery damage. The best way to avoid these complications is to preemptively treat them. DVTs are ... If the fracture is large enough, open fixation with surgical hardware may be required. Midsubstance tears of the FCL or ...
Endoscopic surgery usually takes about an hour, causes less swelling and blood loss, and shortens the hospital stay, often to ... Surgical treatment for craniosynostosis was initially advocated by Odilon Lannelongue in 1890.[citation needed] His patients ... and less blood loss. The operation was shown to be a success in a study of 12 patients, all younger than 8 months. Critical to ... Strip craniectomy was easier and involved less blood loss compared with the newer cranial vault reconstruction. Strip ...
... meta-analysis and meta-regression of the effect of tranexamic acid on surgical blood loss" (PDF). The British Journal of ... In surgical corrections of craniosynostosis in children it reduces the need for blood transfusions. In spinal surgery (e.g., ... It is of proven value in clearing the field of surgery and reducing blood loss when given before or after surgery. Drain and ... Tranexamic acid is used for a short period of time before and after the surgery to prevent major blood loss and decrease the ...
... radiofrequency assisted liver resection not only minimises blood loss but also optimises patient safety and reduced ICU ... This surgical technique has been published in various scientific journals and practiced by surgeons all around the world. ... liver resection device which has revolutionized liver surgery by allowing liver tumour resections with minimal loss of blood. ...
... occurs as a result of either blood loss or extracellular fluid loss. Hemorrhagic shock is hypovolemic shock ... Other causes of hemorrhagic shock include bleed from an ectopic pregnancy, bleeding from surgical intervention, or vaginal ... Hypovolemic shock results from depletion of intravascular volume, whether by extracellular fluid loss or blood loss. The body ... Hypovolemic shock as a result of extracellular fluid loss can be of the 4 etiologies. Gastrointestinal Losses (GI) losses can ...
... blood loss, surgical scars, and marks.[5] The robot's costs range from $1 million to $2.5 million for each unit[2], and while ... "da Vinci Si Surgical System". Intuitive Surgical. Retrieved 30 September 2013.. *^ Oliveira CM, Nguyen HT, Ferraz AR, Watters K ... Due to these techniques, there is a reduced duration of hospital stays, blood loss, transfusions, and use of pain medication.[4 ... Robot-assisted pancreatectomies have been found to be associated with "longer operating time, lower estimated blood loss, a ...
... or a loss of half a percent of their blood's hemoglobin. Samuel, Jacob; Franklin, Cory (2008). Common Surgical Diseases. New ... Polycythemia, in which the body increases the number of red blood cells in circulation, thickens the blood, raising the danger ... In the blood, oxygen is bound to hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells. The binding capacity of hemoglobin is influenced by ... Abnormally low level of oxygen in the blood or hypoxemic hypoxia, a deficiency of oxygen in arterial blood Hypoxia in fish - ...
Blood loss can be estimated based on heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, and mental status. Advanced trauma life ... Internal bleeding could be caused by medical error as a result of complications after surgical operations or medical treatment ... In order to replace blood loss quickly and with large amounts of IV fluids or blood, patients may need a central venous ... Internal bleeding (also called internal hemorrhage) is a loss of blood from a blood vessel that collects inside the body. ...
If the procedure is expected to result in significant blood loss, an autologous blood donation may be made some weeks prior to ... It is not uncommon for surgical drains (see Drain (surgery)) to be required to remove blood or fluid from the surgical wound ... The adjective surgical means pertaining to surgery; e.g. surgical instruments or surgical nurse. The person or subject on which ... for outpatient surgical procedures medical coding Surgical drain - Tube used to remove pus, blood or other fluids from a wound ...
Thirdly, blood loss can occur through the tonsils, which is a sign that they need to be removed. Lastly, in some cases tonsils ... "Surgical removal of the tonsils (tonsillectomy) with coblation or another surgical method". www.cochrane.org. UK: Cochrane ( ... Tonsils are part of the first line of defense in the mouth as they create white blood cells in order to fight diseases, ... Tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure that consists of taking out the patient's tonsils, which produce chemical substances in ...
... which requires ensuring the patient is able to breathe and preventing ongoing blood loss. If there is evidence that the patient ... Surgical treatment may be necessary depending on the extent of injury and involved structures, but many are managed ... absence of intoxication no evidence of lowered blood pressure or raised pulse rate no abdominal pain or tenderness no blood in ... Fluid (often blood) may be detected in the pelvis via ultrasound during the FAST scan that is often performed following ...
However, both twins died due to significant blood loss in the blood vessel repairing process. Raffles hospital separated ... Raffles Hospital undertook the surgical separation of a pair of adult craniopagus twins, Laleh Bijani and Ladan Bijani of Iran ... which accommodates surgical centres, medical laboratories and 24 specialist centres in various areas like Obstetrics & ...
Most surgeons will not intervene until after the age of six months due to the heightened risk which blood loss poses before ... There are two surgical procedures which are commonly used to treat sagittal synostosis.[42] The matter of which procedure is ... The primary goal of surgical intervention is to allow normal cranial vault development to occur.[42] This can be achieved by ... Impaired venous outflow is often caused by a hypoplastic jugular foramen.[23] This causes an increase in the intracranial blood ...
doi:10.1182/blood-2010-05-283770.. *^ Belikov AV, Schraven B, Simeoni L. T cells and reactive oxygen species. Journal of ... The Journal of Surgical Research. February 2017, 208: 33-39. PMC 5535083. PMID 27993215. doi:10.1016/j.jss.2016.08.099.. ... One Niche to Rule Both Maintenance and Loss of Stemness in HSCs. Immunity. 2016-12-20, 45 (6): 1177-1179. ISSN 1097-4180. PMID ... Blood Cancer Journal. July 2015, 5 (7): e330. PMC 4526784. PMID 26230954. doi:10.1038/bcj.2015.58 (英语).. ...
The widespread bleeding that occurs in affected people causes swelling and shock due to loss of blood volume.[94] The ... This may cause vomiting blood, coughing up of blood, or blood in stool.[32] Bleeding into the skin may create petechiae, ... Blood products such as packed red blood cells, platelets, or fresh frozen plasma may also be used.[135] Other regulators of ... and blood loss may result in death.[25] People are often in a coma near the end of life.[26] ...
Sobanko JF, Alster TS (October 2012). "Management of acne scarring, part I: a comparative review of laser surgical approaches ... ductus arteriosus blood vessel.[47][150] Prolonged use of salicylic acid over significant areas of the skin or under occlusive ... based on whether the abnormal healing response following dermal inflammation leads to excess collagen deposition or loss at the ... "Hirsutism, Acne, and Hair Loss: Management of Hyperandrogenic Cutaneous Manifestations of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome" ...
"Blood chemicals link' to eczema". Health. BBC NEWS. 2007-08-26. Retrieved 2008-11-01.. ... When the innervation to substance P nerve terminals is lost, post-synaptic cells compensate for the loss of adequate ... and lymph nodules in surgical specimens obtained from patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease". Proceedings of the ... growth of new blood vessels .,[39] and "leg-like pods" on cells (including cancer cells) bestowing upon them mobility.[40] and ...
Cord blood has a higher concentration of HSC than is normally found in adult blood. However, the small quantity of blood ... In the case of allogeneic transplants, fresh HSC are preferred in order to avoid cell loss that might occur during the freezing ... Umbilical cord blood[edit]. Umbilical cord blood is obtained when a mother donates her infant's umbilical cord and placenta ... Allogeneic cord blood is stored frozen at a cord blood bank because it is only obtainable at the time of childbirth. To ...
This can be very little blood (less blood than a normal menses.) It can be very much blood (much more than a normal menses.) ... "Early Pregnancy Loss (Miscarriage)". Pregnancy-bliss.co.uk. The Daily Telegraph. 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-20.. ... "Abortion - Surgical.". *↑ Henshaw, Stanley K. "Induced Abortion: A World Review, 1990" International Family Planning ... Surgical abortion is simpler, and there are fewer problems that can happen, if it is done earlier on in the pregnancy. The most ...
Thus in some cases surgical training will not finish until more than a decade after medical school. Furthermore, surgical ... After examination for signs and interviewing for symptoms, the doctor may order medical tests (e.g. blood tests), take a biopsy ... have you noticed any weight loss, change in sleep quality, fevers, lumps and bumps? etc.), followed by questions on the body's ... although it is not a surgical discipline. Other medical specialties may employ surgical procedures, such as ophthalmology and ...
Medical laboratory equipment automates or helps analyze blood, urine, genes, and dissolved gases in the blood. ... Treatment equipment includes infusion pumps, medical lasers and LASIK surgical machines.. *Life support equipment is used to ... Failure to meet cost targets will lead to substantial losses for an organisation. In addition, with global competition, the R&D ... ASTM D7225: Standard Guide for Blood Cleaning Efficiency of Detergents and Washer-Disinfectors[54] ...
Anaplasia or dedifferentiation: loss of differentiation of cells and of their orientation to one another and blood vessels, a ... They can be treated with surgical resection, chemotherapy, radiotherapy or a combination. For some suspected low-grade (grade ... Blood vessels enter the central nervous system through the perivascular space above the pia mater. The cells in the blood ... Most of the brain is separated from the blood by the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which exerts a restrictive control as to which ...
Scalp hair lossEdit. See also: Management of hair loss § Antiandrogens. 5α-Reductase inhibitors like finasteride, dutasteride, ... Blood proteinsEdit. In addition to their antigonadotropic effects, estrogens are also functional antiandrogens by decreasing ... The beneficial effects of androgen deprivation via surgical castration or high-dose estrogen therapy on prostate cancer were ... are approved for the treatment of pattern hair loss, also known as scalp hair loss or baldness.[36] This condition is generally ...
Treatments in nephrology can include medications, blood products, surgical interventions (urology, vascular or surgical ... A 24-hour urine collection can be used to quantify daily protein loss (see proteinuria), urine output, creatinine clearance or ... Basic blood tests can be used to check the concentration of hemoglobin, platelets, sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, ... Blood products including intravenous immunoglobulin and a process known as plasma exchange can also be employed. ...
a b Kasl, S.V., & Cobb, S. (1970). Blood pressure changes in men undergoing job loss: A preliminary report. Psychosomatic ... compared to surgical wards, medical wards make greater affective demands on the nurses. In another study, Frese (1985)[125] ... Job loss and physical health[edit]. Main article: Unemployment § Individual. Research has suggested that job loss adversely ... Kasl, S.V., & Cobb, S. (1970). Blood pressure changes in men undergoing job loss: A preliminary report. Psychosomatic Medicine ...
Currently, this type of analysis will only detect gains and losses of chromosomal material and will not detect balanced ...
... is a viral disease of typically short duration.[3] In most cases, symptoms include fever, chills, loss of appetite ... This infection of vectors without a previous blood meal seems to play a role in single, sudden breakouts of the disease.[25] ... "Archived 2017-02-23 at the Wayback Machine New Orleans Medical and Surgical Journal, 9 : 601-616. ... Gibraltar lost many to outbreaks in 1804, 1814, and 1828.[85] Barcelona suffered the loss of several thousand citizens during ...
... amblyopia is the world's leading cause of child monocular vision loss, which is the damage or loss of vision in one eye.[40] In ... Sack RL, Lewy AJ, Blood ML, Keith LD, Nakagawa H (July 1992). "Circadian rhythm abnormalities in totally blind people: ... amblyopia is currently incurable in adulthood because surgical treatment effectiveness changes as a child matures.[41] ... Visual impairment, also known as vision impairment or vision loss, is a decreased ability to see to a degree that causes ...
Surgical practitioners[edit]. A surgical practitioner is a healthcare professional who specializes in the planning and delivery ... A TB blood test for baseline testing does not require two-step testing. If the skin test method is used to test HCP upon hire, ... Masterson, Elizabeth A.; Themann, Christa L.; Calvert, Geoffrey M. (2018-04-15). "Prevalence of Hearing Loss Among Noise- ... The CDC recommends either a blood test, also known as an interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA), or a skin test, also known as a ...
Loss of Soviet subsidies brought food shortages to Cuba in the early 1990s. The famine during the Special Period was caused by ... In 2007, Cuba announced that it has undertaken computerizing and creating national networks in blood banks, nephrology and ... has been practiced in Cuba by formally trained doctors since at least the beginning of the 19th century and the first surgical ... In addition, the collapse of the Soviet Union caused the loss of several billions of dollars in yearly subsidies and overnight ...
Loss of the phallus from either disease or blood supply issues. *Cephalic vein thrombosis (blood clot) ... No-touch surgical technique[edit]. This technique for penile prosthesis implantation is a surgical procedure developed by J. ... including surgical gloves that have touched skin are discarded. A loose drape is then deployed over the entire surgical field ... The area is then draped with a surgical drape and a Vi Drape® over the genitalia. Before the incision is made, a Foley catheter ...
... less blood loss, faster recovery time, and better cosmetic results.[citation needed] Despite the potential advantages of SPL ... "Novare Surgical Systems, Inc. Announces First Ever Single Port Laparoscopic Kidney Removal (Nephrectomy) Using RealHand(TM) HD ... It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which the surgeon operates almost exclusively through a single entry point, ... "Healthcare Sales & Marketing Network News: Novare's Line of Articulating Surgical Tools Allow Full Mobility for 'Keyhole' ...
As in central apnea, pauses are followed by a relative decrease in blood oxygen and an increase in the blood carbon dioxide. ... Barnes L (editor) (2009). Surgical pathology of the head and neck (3rd ed.). New York: Informa healthcare. ISBN 9781420091632. ... In the morbidly obese, a major loss of weight (such as what occurs after bariatric surgery) can sometimes cure the condition. ... Surgical treatments to modify airway anatomy, known as sleep surgery, are varied and must be tailored to the specific airway ...
... and loss of autonomy.[13][14] In recent years, multiple human rights institutions have criticized early surgical management of ... Clitoridectomy surgical techniques are used to remove an invasive malignancy that extends to the clitoris. Standard surgical ... Clitoridectomy or clitorectomy is the surgical removal, reduction, or partial removal of the clitoris.[1] It is rarely used as ... Female genital surgical and other procedures (gynecological surgery) (ICD-9-CM V3 65-71, ICD-10-PCS 0U) ...
Ears: conductive hearing loss due to auditory tube dysfunction, sensorineural hearing loss (unclear mechanism) ... It is a form of vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels) that affects small- and medium-size vessels in many organs but most ... then surgical repair is recommended.[13] ... hearing loss, and deafness.[11] The risk of relapse is ... Classic microscopic features of GPA include inflammation of blood vessels associated with poorly formed granulomas, necrosis, ...
However, larger or deeper ulcers often require the presence of blood vessels to supply inflammatory cells. White blood cells ... Complete loss of the stroma can occur within 24 hours. Treatment includes antibiotics and collagenase inhibitors such as ... In case of progressive or non-healing ulcers, surgical intervention by an ophthalmologist with corneal transplantation may be ... Superficial ulcers involve a loss of part of the epithelium. Deep ulcers extend into or through the stroma and can result in ...
Paracelsus recommended the use of lamb's blood, and blood from dead bodies was sometimes used. ... In 1846, Francis Adams compiled The Seven Books of Paulus Aegineta, which included a commentary on all medical and surgical ... loss of hair, absorption of nasal cartilage, affliction of knees and elbows, difficult and hoarse respiration, as well as ... This practice was used until at least 1790, when the use of dog blood was mentioned in De Secretis Naturae. ...
... white blood cells (leukocytes), or leukocyte esterase.[42] Another test, urine microscopy, looks for the presence of red blood ... Introduction to Medical-Surgical Nursing. Elsevier Health Sciences. 2015. p. 909. ISBN 9781455776412. .. ... In older children, new onset urinary incontinence (loss of bladder control) may occur.[20] ... However, infection may also occur via the blood or lymph.[6] It is believed that the bacteria are usually transmitted to the ...
Weighing ​13 1⁄4 pounds (6 kg), this "abrupt and intrusive visitor"[A] was found 80 feet (25 m) away, "smeared with blood and ... The reference to Gage's iron as an "abrupt and intrusive visitor" appears in the Boston Medical& Surgical Jouurnal's review[13] ... who noted at that time loss of vision (and ptosis) of the left eye, a large scar on the forehead, and ... His person, and the bed on which he was laid, were literally one gore of blood.[citation needed] ...
... fluid repletion to correct electrolyte abnormalities and third-space losses, support for blood pressure, parenteral nutrition,[ ... Typical recovery from NEC if medical, non-surgical treatment succeeds, includes 10-14 days or more without oral intake and then ... The gut mucosal cells do not get enough nourishment from arterial blood supply to stay healthy, especially in very premature ... The underlying mechanism is believed to involve a combination of poor blood flow and infection of the intestines.[2] Diagnosis ...
Rapid weight loss increases risk of gallstones.[22] The weight loss drug orlistat is known to increase the risk of gallstones.[ ... SurgicalEdit. Cholecystectomy (gallbladder removal) has a 99% chance of eliminating the recurrence of cholelithiasis. The lack ... Gallstone complications may be detected on blood tests.[2]. A positive Murphy's sign is a common finding on physical ... There are two surgical options for cholecystectomy: *Open cholecystectomy is performed via an abdominal incision (laparotomy) ...
The diagnosis is suspected based on a combination of blood tests, medical imaging, endoscopy, and sometimes surgical ... weight loss (30-50%), fever (up to 20%), and changes in the color of stool or urine.[9][10] To some extent, the symptoms depend ... Blood testsEdit. There are no specific blood tests that can diagnose cholangiocarcinoma by themselves. Serum levels of ... Surgical resection, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stenting procedures, liver transplantation[1]. Prognosis. Generally poor[5 ...
Surgical methods to decrease blood loss during liver surgery. Background Many cancerous and non-cancerous growths that develop ... including blood loss during division of the liver tissue. Specialists have tested several methods to decrease blood loss during ... In addition, medical treatments that improve clotting of blood can be given to decrease blood loss. A surgeon typically uses ... To assess the effects of different interventions for decreasing blood loss and blood transfusion requirements during elective ...
Its a crude guess in many surgical cases. Blood gets soaked in laps, sponges, and drapes. But ... or estimated blood loss, is estimated for a reason. ... Gauss Surgical Blood Loss Measurement App Approved by FDA for ... EBL, or estimated blood loss, is "estimated" for a reason. Its a crude guess in many surgical cases. Blood gets soaked in laps ... Press release: Gauss Surgical Announces FDA Approval of First Mobile Platform for Real-Time Estimation of Surgical Blood Loss… ...
... surgical resection of meningiomas should be delayed more than 24 hours after embolization, because there is less intraoperative ... Results: Intraoperative blood loss was greater for the immediate group than for the delayed group (29% with blood loss of ,1000 ... Delayed surgical resection reduces intraoperative blood loss for embolized meningiomas Neurosurgery. 2002 Jun;50(6):1231-5; ... Objective: Embolization before surgical resection of tumors has been demonstrated to reduce intraoperative blood loss, but the ...
Intraoperative blood loss (51 ± 41 ml in the XLIF/PPS group and 206 ± 191 ml in the PLIF group), postoperative WBC counts and ... The XLIF/PPS procedure is advantageous to minimize blood loss and muscle damage, with consequent earlier recovery of daily ... We analyzed postoperative serum makers for muscle damage and inflammation, postoperative surgical pain, and performance status ... Comparison of serum markers for muscle damage, surgical blood loss, postoperative recovery, and surgical site pain after ...
"Blood Loss, Surgical" by people in this website by year, and whether "Blood Loss, Surgical" was a major or minor topic of these ... "Blood Loss, Surgical" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Blood Loss, Surgical*Blood Loss, Surgical. *Surgical Blood Loss. *Surgical Blood Losses ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Blood Loss, Surgical" by people in Profiles. ...
Reduce blood loss1,3,4,7,8,9,10,([FOOTNOTE=Lakeman M, Kruitwagen RF, Vos MC, Roovers JP. Electrosurgical bipolar vessel sealing ... The impact of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and operating room (OR) time on blood transfusions and surgical site infections ... archive/the-impact-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-mis-and-operating-room-or-time-on-blood-transfusions-and-surgical-site- ... The Valleylab™ energy portfolio offers surgical solutions that are designed to bring consistency, reliability, and efficiency ...
... surgical site and age, and 5 modifiable factors of colloid administration, preoperative oxygenation, blood loss, anaesthesia ... Blood loss. Colloid administration. Operation period. Tidal volume. Emergency surgery. High-risk aortic vascular surgery. High- ... Postoperative remote lung injury and/or PPC are not uncommon following major surgical procedures.[57,59,60] As a result, it is ... In another multicentre cohort research, Kor et al.[63] re-evaluated the risk factors for post-surgical ARDS. In contrast to the ...
by surgical blood loss. The latter is easily quantified:. Hypothermia is more appropriately prevented than treated. Nu- ... The net loss of circulating blood volume over time will result in ... The volume of blood lost to surgical suction in suction jars ... Areas of diffuse atalectic lung fails to oxygenate blood and by increasing venous admixture will lower blood O2 levels. The ... mLs blood lost = (PCV in suction jar / pig PCV) X mls blood in ... 11) Fluid and blood loss management. nervous depression and so ...
... Sommers Schwartz ... During the operation, injury was done to the patients iliac veins, causing a 20-liter blood loss. The extensive hemorrhage ... The 74-year-old widowed plaintiff sought damages for the pain and suffering, permanent disfigurement, and economic loss caused ... 1.5 million settlement on behalf of a woman who was severely harmed as a result of surgical errors. The plaintiff underwent a ...
... reduces intraoperative blood loss, and results in better postoperative pain scores than other approaches [7, 8, 9, 10]. Though ... The conventional open surgical approach is usually associated with a larger operational incision and more severe surgical ... Zhu Z, Hao D, Wang B, Gao W, Yang R, Guo H, Wang Y, Kong L. Selection of surgical treatment approaches for cervicothoracic ... Next, the guide wire was placed; meanwhile, injury of blood vessels and organs was avoided by carefully inserting guide wire at ...
... blood loss, and loose mesh. Post-operative patient treatment included revision surgery, admission to hospital, antibiotics/ ...
Patient Problems Erosion (1750); Pain (1994); Surgical procedure (2357); Blood Loss (2597); No Code Available (3191) ... It was reported that the patient underwent a gynecological surgical procedure on (b)(6) 2006 and a sling was implanted. The ... GYNECARE TVT OBTURATOR SYSTEM MESH, SURGICAL, SYNTHETIC, UROGYNECOLOGIC Back to Search Results. ...
Surgical Time, min. Estimated Blood Loss, mL. Blood Transfusion, mL*. Inotropes. 1. 85. M. 3. 5.2. L3- L5 laminectomy. 115. 200 ... Patient demographics, pre- and postoperative neurological status, surgical treatment, surgical time, blood loss, intraoperative ... Table 1. Demographics and Surgical Characteristics Case No.. Age. Sex. ASA. HbA1c (%). Type of Surgery. ... In contrast, ischemic stroke during or after cardiac and certain vascular surgical procedures is a well-known complication and ...
possible covariates, e.g., blood loss, glove use.. 6. Follow-up. You should prospectively define the period of follow-up and ... adhesion type, i.e., de novo, reformed, surgical site, non-surgical site ... the time during surgical procedure at which adhesion scoring will be done (beginning or end or both in case of partial or ... Part of the answer to this question depends on the selection of the surgical model(s) used in the trial and the ability of the ...
Blood Loss, Surgical * Carotid Artery, Internal / anatomy & histology* * Carotid Artery, Internal / embryology ...
Blood Loss, Surgical Drug: Fibrinogen (human) + thrombin (human) (TachoSil) Phase 4 Study Design ...
Single Dose of Tranexamic Acid and Blood Loss, in Elderly Patients With Hip Fracture. *Blood Loss, Surgical ... loss of weight. 1886. All. 70 Years and older (Senior). NCT03390816. 2017-A01397-46. NutriAgeCancer. November 2, 2017. December ... Blood pressure response rate. *Change from baseline in the differences in standing SBP and DBP compared to their sitting ... Frailty in Elderly Patients Receiving Surgical or Percutaneous Procedures for Valvular Disorders. *Age Problem ...
Blood loss. *Surgical mistakes. *Pain or numbness that does not subside as expected ... Cosmetic surgical procedures have a wide-ranging longevity, depending on the type of surgery, the patients age, skin ... Patients with a history of lung or heart disease, obesity, or diabetes have a higher risk of stroke, heart attack, blood clots ... The vast majority of cosmetic surgical procedures occur on an outpatient basis. With more extensive surgery, such as a tummy ...
Exsanguination is often the result of blood loss from an injury. But blood loss isnt always… ... How is a surgical wound treated?. Treatment for a surgical wound sometimes depends on where its located on the body. Surgical ... What causes surgical wounds?. Surgical wounds are created when a surgeon makes an incision or cut with a surgical instrument ... What are the risk factors for surgical wound infections?. Any surgical procedure will create a surgical wound. The likelihood ...
Smaller surgical incisions. *Less soft-tissue damage. *Reduced blood loss. *Less post-operative pain ...
Less blood loss. *Less pain. *Less physical strain for the patient than traditional surgery ... Whether inpatient or outpatient, surgical patients at University Hospitals can have minimally invasive procedures in various ...
CHICAGO, IL--(Marketwired - May 5, 2014) - Jonathan W. Wallace, MD, a Chicago bariatric surgeon at the Suburban Surgical Care ... CHICAGO, IL--(Marketwired - May 5, 2014) - Jonathan W. Wallace, MD, a Chicago bariatric surgeon at the Suburban Surgical Care ... Decreased risk of surgical complications *Reduction of blood loss during surgery *Fewer and smaller surgical incisions ... Suburban Surgical Care Specialists / Kane Center. Prairie Pointe Medical. 4885 Hoffman Blvd.. # 400. Hoffman Estates, IL 60192 ...
... is a blood test that measures the number and quality of red blood cells (RBCs or erythrocytes), white blood cells (WBCs or ... prolonged bleeding or blood loss (hemorrhage) * iron deficiency anemia. * infection (inflammation). * surgical removal of the ... Complete blood count (CBC). A complete blood count (CBC) is a blood test that measures the number and quality of red blood ... of red blood cells in a blood sample. Hematocrit is a measure of both the number and size of red blood cells in the blood ...
Tissue loss flow rates are estimated based on tissue concentration measurable in waste irrigation fluid using an optical ... A monitor to provide substantially real-time estimates of fluid absorption rate and tissue loss rate in a patient during a ... surgical procedure. The monitor estimates fluid source flow rates and waste fluid flow rates based on weight changes per unit ... When blood loss volume measurements are desired, the surgical fluid and blood loss monitor described below additionally ...
Reduced surgical blood loss *Reduced use of post-op narcotic pain medicines ... Minimally Invasive Surgical Spine Care. The spine surgeons at UPMC Passavant utilize the latest, minimally invasive surgery ...
The clinical indications and principles of surgical technique for this procedure are discussed. The oncological, renal ... The clinical indications and principles of surgical technique for this procedure are discussed. The oncological, renal ... Laparoscopic renal surgery is associated with reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stay, enhanced cosmesis, and more rapid ... Laparoscopic renal surgery is associated with reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stay, enhanced cosmesis, and more rapid ...
Estimation of blood loss. *. Fluid replacement. *. Wound closure. *. Technique selection (ligature, staples, adhesives) ... Manual of surgical therapeutics. 9th ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1996.. Sabiston DC Jr, Lyerly HK. Textbook of surgery: the ... Surgical care may be defined as the body of knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to evaluate and manage conditions and ... Current surgical diagnosis and treatment. 10th ed. Norwalk, Conn.: Appleton & Lange, 1994.Condon RE, Nyhus LM. ...
Postoperative blood loss, transfusion rate, and thromboembolic complications were studied.. Results. There were significant ... In conclusion, according to the literature, both proven patterns of 2g intravenous of TXA are effective in reducing blood loss ... There is currently sufficient clinical evidence to recommend tranexamic acid (TXA) for reducing post-operative blood loss in ... when comparing mean total blood loss and transfusion between group 1 and 2, and between group 1 and 3, but not between the two ...
You could lack haemoglobin, a protein which gives the blood its colour. ... Anaemia is a term used when a person doesnt have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen all through the body, leaving your ... Post surgical. * Injury. * Ulcers. * Blood loss. * People with chronic diseases. * Heavy periods ... Anaemia is a term used when a person doesnt have enough red blood cells to carry oxygen all through the body, leaving your ...
... blood) and as such, is particularly useful in neuro, oncological and vascular surgery. ... Such a surgical tool is capable of creating a virtually bloodless, micro-thin incision as well as selectively coagulating body ... A surgical tool and method of surgical treatment involving a radio frequency source (e.g., 13.0 to 28.0 MHz) creating an ... Electrosurgical device for restricting loss of blood during surgery. US20110004206 *. Sep 15, 2010. Jan 6, 2011. Emcision ...
  • The XLIF/PPS procedure is advantageous to minimize blood loss and muscle damage, with consequent earlier recovery of daily activities and reduced incidence of low back pain after surgery than with the open PLIF procedure. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure used to fuse two or more vertebrae and to stabilize unstable spine segments. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Loss of blood during a surgical procedure. (viictr.org)
  • It was reported that the patient underwent a gynecological surgical procedure on (b)(6) 2006 and a sling was implanted. (fda.gov)
  • Out of 5029 surgically treated patients receiving elective spine surgery, a total of seven patients (0.15%) were identified who developed an ischemic stroke during the surgical procedure. (medscape.com)
  • The standard surgical procedure for a cervical disc replacement requires an anterior approach (from the front) to the cervical spine. (spine-health.com)
  • Any surgical procedure will create a surgical wound. (healthline.com)
  • Dr. Wallace says this procedure, utilizing the da Vinci® Surgical System robotic technology, may benefit those patients experiencing biliary dyskinesia (blockage of the gallbladder), gallbladder inflammation or infection, or gallstones. (globenewswire.com)
  • A monitor to provide substantially real-time estimates of fluid absorption rate and tissue loss rate in a patient during a surgical procedure. (google.es)
  • The invention relates to methods and apparatus for estimating rates and volumes of irrigation fluid absorption and/or tissue loss by a patient during a surgical procedure. (google.es)
  • The clinical indications and principles of surgical technique for this procedure are discussed. (frontiersin.org)
  • Autotransfusion of mediastinal shed blood after open heart surgery has become a common and accepted procedure in reducing the need for homologous transfusion during the last 15 years. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The invention further provides apparatus and methods comprising a handheld scanner and a mat adapted to underlie a patient during a surgical procedure. (google.com.au)
  • initiate an alarm if, at the end of a surgical procedure, it is determined that not all new objects entering the surgical field have exited the surgical field. (google.com.au)
  • An open biopsy is a surgical procedure and requires a hospital stay. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The secondary objective is to review safety data on Coagadex through the collection of any Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) from the first dose of Coagadex in the hospital prior to the surgical procedure until the first follow-up after discharge (i.e., follow-up completed) and Serious ADRs up until the post-operative care follow-up has been completed. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In laparoscopic surgery, the doctor will perform the procedure using a camera and small surgical tools through 3 or 4 small cuts in the belly. (medlineplus.gov)
  • As with any surgical procedure, there are risks involved. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • In an emergency, patients usually undergo open surgical repair, which is a major procedure. (prweb.com)
  • All 58 patients were determined to be EVAR-suitable by independent reviewers, meaning that the anatomy of the blood vessels used to access the aneurysm, as well as the aneurysm itself, were favorable for the procedure. (prweb.com)
  • And, even though rare, there is always a small possibility the initial MISS will remain unfinished, thus requiring a second surgical procedure or even a complete open surgery. (medium.com)
  • During the surgical procedure, the surgeon makes a small cut and injects a tubular retractor, thus making a passageway to the small area when the spinal issue pertains. (medium.com)
  • Once the surgical procedure is over, the tubular retractor is taken out, and the surgeon closes the incision. (medium.com)
  • If your doctor recommends sacrocolpopexy, you may be a candidate for a new surgical procedure using a state-of-the-art robotic surgical system designed to help your surgeon perform a minimally-invasive surgery through small incisions. (maimonidesmed.org)
  • Patient surveys indicate they chose the procedure based on expectations of decreased morbidity, improved outcomes, reduced blood loss and less pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • The posterior approach has been the gold standard for years and continues to be a surgical procedure applicable to most patients with scoliosis. (spineuniverse.com)
  • We analyzed postoperative serum makers for muscle damage and inflammation, postoperative surgical pain, and performance status. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Intraoperative blood loss (51 ± 41 ml in the XLIF/PPS group and 206 ± 191 ml in the PLIF group), postoperative WBC counts and serum CRP levels in the XLIF/PPS group were significantly lower than in the PLIF group. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To evaluate the invasiveness and tolerability of XLIF with PPS compared with PLIF, we evaluated serum markers of muscle damage and inflammation, surgical pain, surgical blood loss, and postoperative recovery of activities of daily living (performance status score) for XLIF with PPS compared with traditional open PLIF surgery. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Postoperative remote lung injury and/or PPC are not uncommon following major surgical procedures. (medscape.com)
  • The objectives of the present study were to investigate the oxygen delivery capacity of autotransfused shed mediastinal blood, compared to patient-blood, during cardiopulmonary bypass and in the postoperative period. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Mediastinal shed blood was collected in the cardiotomy reservoir and retransfused during the first 18 postoperative hours. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Perioperative warming of surgical patients is effective in reducing postoperative wound pain, wound infection and shivering. (scielo.br)
  • Perioperative variables including patient's characteristics, surgical outcomes, postoperative complications, oncologic outcomes and Quality- -of-life data were analyzed. (scielo.br)
  • Intraoperative hypothermia has been shown to increase blood loss and postoperative allogeneic blood transfusion rates in other realms of orthopedic surgery, but it has not been studied extensively in patients undergoing spine surgery. (jaoa.org)
  • These types of surgeries are associated with shorter hospital stays than open surgery, as well as less postoperative pain and scarring and lower risks of infection and need for blood transfusion . (wikipedia.org)
  • The authors conclude that the risk of postoperative fever is doubled in abdominal hysterectomy and significantly increased with excessive blood loss. (aafp.org)
  • A surgical polypragmasy: Koninckx PR, Corona R, Timmerman D, Verguts J, Adamyan L. Peritoneal full-conditioning reduces postoperative adhesions and pain: a randomised controlled trial in deep endometriosis surgery. (researcherid.com)
  • Many cancerous and non-cancerous growths that develop in the liver are treated by removing part of the liver (liver resection), which is major surgery with high risk of complications, including blood loss during division of the liver tissue. (cochrane.org)
  • Causes of stroke are often multifactorial, and can include a number of patient comorbidities, anesthetic complications or surgical events. (medscape.com)
  • What are some complications of surgical wounds? (healthline.com)
  • There are reports that 20 to 50% of the patients require a blood transfusion, which has been related to many complications, resulting in the search for strategies to reduce bleeding. (medworm.com)
  • and surgical complications. (medworm.com)
  • Eliminates need to violate the intramedullary canal, reducing blood loss and complications from fat emboli *Source: GENESIS™ II Surgical Technique. (slideshare.net)
  • Biosurgery Market: Snapshot Biosurgery, comprising of different technologies and surgical techniques meant to reduce intra- and post-operative complications by facilitating hemostasis and tissue sealing, also finds application in hard tissue regeneration in orthobiologics. (openpr.com)
  • Since MISS reduces the risk of surgical complications and substantially decreases recovery time, more and more surgeons prefer this approach over conventional surgery. (medium.com)
  • Surgical hypothermia, defined as a core temperature below 36.0 °C, is associated with increased risk of infectious and non-infections complications, longer post-operative ICU and overall hospital recovery, and more frequent requirement of transfusions. (wikipedia.org)
  • With more than 45 million procedures performed on patients in U.S. hospitals, and many more done in outpatient settings, the risk for surgical complications is significant. (joestephenslaw.com)
  • Houston residents who have suffered harm because their physicians failed to manage their chronic medical conditions or because they were victims of surgical complications trust Houston injury lawyer Joe Stephens and his Stephens Law Firm for accurate legal advice and aggressive representation. (joestephenslaw.com)
  • If you feel that you or someone you care about has been injured by medical errors, complications from surgical procedures, or from your doctor's failure to effectively handle your medical condition, call the Stephens Law Firm. (joestephenslaw.com)
  • Blood transfusion (percentage): higher in the low central venous pressure group than in the acute normovolemic haemodilution (diluting the blood by giving fluids during operation) plus low central venous pressure group. (cochrane.org)
  • Blood transfusion amount: lower in the fibrin sealant group (a type of glue applied to the cut surface of the liver) than in the control. (cochrane.org)
  • Blood transfusion (fresh frozen plasma − a component of blood): higher in the oxidised cellulose (another type of glue applied to the cut surface of the liver) group than in the fibrin sealant group. (cochrane.org)
  • But no one argues with how important it is to know how much blood was lost in order to prepare a transfusion. (medgadget.com)
  • You will have blood samples taken in case you need a blood transfusion. (medlineplus.gov)
  • To determine whether a clinically relevant association exists between intraoperative core body temperature and blood loss or transfusion rates in adult patients undergoing open lumbar spine surgery. (jaoa.org)
  • Additional patient demographic and perioperative characteristics were compared with blood loss and transfusion parameters to determine potential confounders. (jaoa.org)
  • Analysis of variance, Spearman rank correlation, and generalized multiple linear regression analysis were performed to test for an association between temperature and blood loss or allogeneic transfusion rates. (jaoa.org)
  • [ 1 ] Seven independent risk factors were identified, including low preoperative arterial oxygen saturation, acute respiratory infection in the last month, age, preoperative anaemia, upper abdominal or intrathoracic surgery, surgical operation lasting more than 2 h and emergency surgery. (medscape.com)
  • Class III: A surgical wound in which an outside object has come into contact with the skin has a high risk of infection and is considered a contaminated wound. (healthline.com)
  • Risk factors for developing a surgical wound infection include having other medical issues, such as diabetes or a weakened immune system. (healthline.com)
  • A physician can diagnose a surgical wound infection by examining the wound, assessing symptoms, or taking a culture of fluid drained from the wound. (healthline.com)
  • When surgical wounds cause infection, it typically occurs within 30 days of surgery. (healthline.com)
  • Dr. Wallace says that while laparoscopic surgery -- a technique that utilizes small incisions and tiny surgical instruments -- has been the traditional method of treatment, robotic cholecystectomy is one of the latest, most advanced minimally-invasive gallbladder disease treatments . (globenewswire.com)
  • Loyola Medicine offers robotic surgery for a number of surgical procedures that would otherwise require large incisions and long recovery times. (loyolamedicine.org)
  • Biosurgery products contain primarily semi-synthetic, synthetic, or natural materials that help is sealing surgical incisions and bring about tissue repairs. (openpr.com)
  • Surgeons offer the latest in laparoscopic surgery, which uses small incisions, a thin, lighted tube called a laparoscope or videoscope and specially designed surgical tools. (sutterhealth.org)
  • The da Vinci Surgical System provides advanced capabilities that allow surgeons to perform complex procedures with greater accuracy through tiny incisions. (camc.org)
  • A surgical wound is a cut or incision in the skin that is usually made by a scalpel during surgery. (healthline.com)
  • Surgical wounds are created when a surgeon makes an incision or cut with a surgical instrument called a scalpel. (healthline.com)
  • Such a surgical tool is capable of creating a virtually bloodless, micro-thin incision as well as selectively coagulating body fluids (e.g., blood) and as such, is particularly useful in neuro, oncological and vascular surgery. (google.com)
  • There are many advantages of this technique as compared to traditional way of doing the surgery, namely shorter surgery time, less blood loss, smaller incision and better precision in the fitting of the implants. (slideshare.net)
  • Open surgical repair of an AAA - whether ruptured or not - involves general anesthesia, an up to 12-inch abdominal incision, clamping of the aorta and replacing the enlarged portion of the aorta with a fabric graft. (prweb.com)
  • Therefore, it is important to ensure appropriate surgical management to prevent incision or injury to the tumor in adrenal malignancy when deciding whether to apply LA or OA. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • The surgical incision can be made either though the abdomen or through the perineum, the area between the scrotum and the anus. (pennmedicine.org)
  • For many, it simply means a smaller surgical incision and getting out of the hospital faster. (caringmedical.com)
  • In addition to the surgeon's fee, the patient or insurance company will be responsible for a surgical facility fee, anesthesia, medical tests, prescriptions, surgical garments, and other miscellaneous costs related to surgery. (yellowpages.com)
  • Anesthesia causes vasodilatation, which increases blood flow to the surface of the body and thus increases heat loss from the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • During anesthesia, blood flow to the surface may maintain skin temperature (which is normally lower than the core temperature), even while the core temperature is falling. (wikipedia.org)
  • Barring preventive interventions, hypothermia occurs in more than half of all surgical patients undergoing anesthesia. (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] During the training phase, minimally invasive operations can take up to twice as long as traditional surgery, leading to operating room tie-ups and surgical staffs keeping patients under anesthesia for longer periods. (wikipedia.org)
  • A surgeon typically uses one or more methods to decrease blood loss during liver surgery. (cochrane.org)
  • We sought to identify the best methods of decreasing blood loss during liver surgery by performing a literature search that included all studies reported until September 2015. (cochrane.org)
  • The extent of embolization, intraoperative blood loss, duration of surgery, and length of the hospital stay were compared for the two groups. (nih.gov)
  • The impact of patient blood management on blood utilization and clinical outcomes in complex spine surgery. (viictr.org)
  • We believe that the novel, percutaneous, self-expanding, forceful reduction screw system developed by us not only successfully expands the minimally invasive percutaneous surgery to the thoracolumbar fracture with severe vertebral height loss but also achieves significant vertebral height restoration and kyphosis correction. (springer.com)
  • With this FDA clearance, we have extended the Triton System's ability to give clinicians a better assessment of overall blood loss during surgery," said Milton B. McColl, M.D., Chief Executive Officer of Gauss Surgical. (gausssurgical.com)
  • A surgical wound can also be the result of a drain placed during surgery. (healthline.com)
  • CHICAGO, IL--(Marketwired - May 5, 2014) - Jonathan W. Wallace, MD, a Chicago bariatric surgeon at the Suburban Surgical Care Specialists/Kane Center (SSCS), says he is dedicated to utilizing the latest advanced technologies in bariatric surgery to more effectively treat all of his patients, including those affected by gallbladder disease. (globenewswire.com)
  • During surgery, optimal patient care requires maintaining the plasma/blood ratio, plasma osmolality, and plasma electrolyte levels within fairly narrow ranges. (google.es)
  • Laparoscopic renal surgery is associated with reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stay, enhanced cosmesis, and more rapid convalescence relative to open renal surgery. (frontiersin.org)
  • average fall in hematocrit and estimated blood loss, divided according to groups and type of surgery (THR and TKR). (elsevier.es)
  • My open surgery went smoothly - no blood loss, essentially back to work in two weeks - was able to resume lifting items over 10# after the required 6 weeks - no scarring - no blockage - improving ED and improving incontinence. (healingwell.com)
  • Autotransfusion after open heart surgery: the oxygen delivery capacity of shed mediastinal blood is maintained. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The primary objective is to collect additional surgical data on the clinical effectiveness of Coagadex, in a post-marketing environment, for peri-operative hemostatic cover during major surgery in patients with moderate or severe hereditary factor X (FX) deficiency. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Reduces surgery time and set up by eliminating 20-22 surgical steps from a standard TKA* *Source: GENESIS™ II Surgical Technique. (slideshare.net)
  • Intraoperative blood loss during open lumbar spine surgery is associated with adverse events and is a contributor to higher medical costs. (jaoa.org)
  • In this retrospective medical record review, the surgical records of 174 adult patients who underwent open, nonmicroscopically assisted lumbar spine surgery performed by a single surgeon at a single institution were evaluated. (jaoa.org)
  • During da Vinci robotic-assisted surgery , your surgeon's finger movements at a computerized workstation direct the robotic surgical instruments, improving precision and access to the surgical site. (sutterhealth.org)
  • During an operation, the surgeon sits at a console in the surgical suite and directs the robotic arms to perform the surgery. (memorialcare.org)
  • When it is determined that surgery is the best option, MemorialCare offers a range of surgical approaches, from traditional open surgery to minimally invasive surgery. (memorialcare.org)
  • Surgical humidification is the conditioning of insufflation gas with water vapour (humidity) and heat during surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, animal studies have revealed that surgical humidification reduces peritoneal tumor implantation and tumor load suggesting a possible benefit in cancer patients undergoing abdominal surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Temperature loss during surgery, due to tissue drying, can be prevented by adequately humidifying and heating the CO2. (wikipedia.org)
  • Current studies have shown that the use of surgical humidification during open abdominal surgery (laparotomy) have warmer core body temperatures and reduced risk of operative hypothermia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The risk of a loss of body temperature and hypothermia increase with the duration of surgery, especially for surgery that lasts more than one hour. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is generally estimated that 10 percent of the loss of body heat during surgery is from the respiratory tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • When doctors fail to manage patients' chronic medical problems or when things go wrong during or after surgery, the consequences can be serious injury or loss of life. (joestephenslaw.com)
  • Robotic surgery are types of surgical procedures that are done using robotic systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Robotically-assisted surgery was developed to try to overcome the limitations of pre-existing minimally-invasive surgical procedures and to enhance the capabilities of surgeons performing open surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major advances aided by surgical robots have been remote surgery , minimally invasive surgery and unmanned surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] The existing open surgery technique has many flaws like limited access to the surgical area, long recovery time, long hours of operation, blood loss, surgical scars, and marks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Compared with other minimally invasive surgery approaches, robot-assisted surgery gives the surgeon better control over the surgical instruments and a better view of the surgical site. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finally, the surgical robot can continuously be used by rotating surgery teams. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thanks to a breakthrough surgical technology, there is a new category of minimally invasive surgery for which you may be a candidate. (apollohospitals.com)
  • They suggest that febrile morbidity could be reduced by more frequent use of vaginal surgical approaches, by taking precautions for reducing blood loss during surgery, and by greater use of appropriately timed prophylactic antibiotics. (aafp.org)
  • Surgical shock is the shock to the circulation resulting from surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Typically, anesthesiologists and surgeons visually guesstimate the blood loss in suction containers, which has been shown to be highly inaccurate. (gausssurgical.com)
  • Dr. Wallace says the da Vinci® Surgical System can be utilized by surgeons to view the 3D, high-definition camera images of the surgical area and control the movements of the robotic instrument. (globenewswire.com)
  • He notes that the robotic instruments should accurately mimic the surgeon's hand moves, and the technology provides surgeons with an amplified scope of the surgical field, increased dexterity, and improves their ability to identify and removed damaged tissue more precisely. (globenewswire.com)
  • Penn is a national leader in surgical treatment of prostate cancer and its surgeons are at the forefront of developing and using new minimally invasive surgical techniques. (pennmedicine.org)
  • Through the use of the da Vinci ® Surgical System, surgeons are now able to offer a minimally invasive option for complex surgical procedures. (apollohospitals.com)
  • Discover how Sutter Health uses the minimally invasive da Vinci Surgical System to remove kidney tumors. (sutterhealth.org)
  • Blood coagulation and perioperative bleeding were analysed using laboratorial tests, blood flow through surgical drains and the consumption of blood components within 48 hours. (usp.br)
  • The objective of this review was to systematically analyze the trials on the effectiveness of perioperative warming in surgical patients. (scielo.br)
  • Systemic warming of the surgical patient is also associated with less perioperative blood loss through preventing hypothermia-induced coagulopathy. (scielo.br)
  • Perioperative warming may be given routinely to all patients of various surgical disciplines in order to counteract the consequences of hypothermia. (scielo.br)
  • The perioperative data, such as operative time, the overall fluoroscopy time, and the blood loss were noted and compared among the groups (Table 1 ). (hindawi.com)
  • The vast majority of cosmetic surgical procedures occur on an outpatient basis. (yellowpages.com)
  • Home care for a surgical wound may involve some of the same procedures, including frequent dressing changes and cleaning. (healthline.com)
  • It also reduced blood loss during some surgical procedures. (mskcc.org)
  • Clinical studies and case reports show that YNBY is useful in decreasing blood loss during some surgical procedures, and in cancer patients. (mskcc.org)
  • Growth in this market is driven by the increasing number of surgical procedures, growing number of regulatory approvals, increasing incidence of sports-related injuries and spinal ailments, and rising focus on effective blood loss management in patients during surgeries. (prnewswire.com)
  • After implementation of exclusion criteria, 160 patient records and 168 surgical procedures were included in the analysis. (jaoa.org)
  • Blood Loss, Surgical" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (viictr.org)
  • Specialists have tested several methods to decrease blood loss during liver resection. (cochrane.org)
  • Embolization before surgical resection of tumors has been demonstrated to reduce intraoperative blood loss, but the optimal time that should elapse between embolization and tumor resection has not been established. (nih.gov)
  • Contrary to previous studies that emphasized a need for tumor removal immediately after embolization, to prevent revascularization, surgical resection of meningiomas should be delayed more than 24 hours after embolization, because there is less intraoperative blood loss. (nih.gov)
  • The present study analyzed 9 consecutive patients who underwent surgical resection of metastatic adrenal tumors in order to clarify the decision-making factors for LA or OA. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • Minimally invasive resection of an extradural far lateral lumbar schwannoma with zygapophyseal joint sparing: surgical nuances and literature review. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • [ 63 ] re-evaluated the risk factors for post-surgical ARDS. (medscape.com)
  • These advantages may result in less surgical pain and quicker recovery than achieved in traditional approaches [ 7 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Surgical Approaches to Internal Fixation (SAIF) course gives a practical insight into the major. (smith-nephew.com)
  • This article will cover the various surgical approaches used to address scoliotic curves. (spineuniverse.com)
  • During the operation, injury was done to the patient's iliac veins, causing a 20-liter blood loss. (sommerspc.com)
  • Sensitivity to the patient's and family's concerns and anxieties regarding the potential need for surgical intervention. (aafp.org)
  • Improves alignment and sizing by using computer generated images of the patient's anatomy to determine bone cuts, and implant positioning preoperatively *Source: GENESIS™ II Surgical Technique. (slideshare.net)
  • Gauss Surgical (Los Altos, CA) just received FDA approval for its Triton Fluid Management System, an iPad app that estimates, via a proprietary algorithm, blood loss in surgical sponges just by looking at them. (medgadget.com)
  • Los Altos, Calif., March 16, 2015 - Gauss Surgical today announced that the company has received U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 510(k) clearance for its Triton Canister App, the second core product in its Triton System™ portfolio, the world's first and only mobile platform for real-time monitoring of surgical blood loss. (gausssurgical.com)
  • Our challenge was to develop a highly accurate solution while preserving the simplicity that is critical to our users' experience in the operating room," said Siddarth Satish, Founder and Chief Technology Officer of Gauss Surgical. (gausssurgical.com)
  • Due to these techniques, there is a reduced duration of hospital stays, blood loss, transfusions, and use of pain medication. (wikipedia.org)
  • [ 64 ] They also revealed 3 non-modifiable risk factors as emergency, surgical site and age, and 5 modifiable factors of colloid administration, preoperative oxygenation, blood loss, anaesthesia duration and tidal volume. (medscape.com)
  • There were no significant changes of 2,3-DPG concentration in the patient-blood during cardiopulmonary bypass or after autotransfusion compared to preoperative values. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Preoperative autologous blood donation in total-hip arthroplasty. (biomedsearch.com)
  • European groups, such as the International Society for Paediatric Oncology (SIOP), and groups in the United Kingdom and Australia, have been instrumental in demonstrating a role for preoperative adjuvant chemotherapy in improving surgical and overall outcomes. (medscape.com)
  • All these methods have their flaws and so don't result in accurate blood loss numbers. (medgadget.com)
  • Further studies need to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of splenectomy and the comparative advantages of surgical methods. (medworm.com)
  • Apparatus and methods for identifying and counting objects having identifiers entering and exiting a surgical field are provided. (google.com.au)
  • Various surgical devices with identifiers and methods for preventing electromagnetic coupling between and protecting objects and identifiers are also provided. (google.com.au)
  • This study also indicated that the surgical lung injury prediction (SLIP) score is of inferior power in this high-risk population than SLIP-2, which is more accurate in diverse and acutely ill patients. (medscape.com)
  • Almost all pediatric patients who incur a spinal cord injury (SCI) will develop scoliosis, and younger patients are at highest risk for curve progression requiring surgical intervention. (thejns.org)
  • decreased blood loss, less pain, and quicker healing time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Surgical care may be defined as the body of knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to evaluate and manage conditions and disorders requiring operative intervention. (aafp.org)
  • Awareness of the principles involved in differentiating the causative origin of clinical symptoms resulting in the need for medical versus surgical intervention. (aafp.org)
  • It has been noted in numerous studies that early surgical intervention is associated with better outcome in cases of symptomatic Chiari I malformation. (medscape.com)
  • Objective: To evaluate blood coagulation, through clinical and laboratorial analysis, after prophylactic use of desmopressin in heart valve surgeries. (usp.br)
  • Dr. Grant directs a Blood-brain Barrier Translational Laboratory focusing on enhancing drug delivery to brain tumors in children. (stanford.edu)
  • These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Surgical Risk for Cardiac Event. (fpnotebook.com)
  • Using the iPad camera, the system captures snapshots of surgical canisters and sends the images to the cloud where sophisticated algorithms estimate the hemoglobin content and the blood loss regardless of confounding factors such as saline/irrigation fluid, ambient lighting variations, and hemolysis (red cell rupture). (gausssurgical.com)
  • Tissue loss flow rates are estimated based on tissue concentration measurable in waste irrigation fluid using an optical comparator, and are used to correct waste fluid flow rates. (google.es)
  • I know we our bodies make up for the lost fluid, but the protein and lipids in our blood are "lost" to our metabolism, so this must "cost" our bodies some calories. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • 12. Arrest of Menstrual bleeding  # mechanisms--- 1 Haemostasis by plate let plug and clot formation - starts soon the bleeding starts and open BV are plugged .once Blood vessels are plugged , fibrin deposition occurs --- Fibrinolysis also go hand in hand to balance and keep the blood loss fluid. (slideshare.net)
  • She reports normal fetal movements and no vaginal fluid or blood loss. (bmj.com)
  • The average surgical duration was 6.9 hours. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Cycle lenghth-21-35 days , mean menstrual blood loss -30-40 ml , duration of bleeding (period0---2-8 days. (slideshare.net)
  • We believe that providing more accurate estimates aids in clinical decision making, particularly regarding the use of blood products. (gausssurgical.com)
  • Over the course of follow-up, 20 (41.7%) of 48 nonsurgical patients who were symptomatic at presentation experienced improvement in symptoms, and 18 (75%) of 24 symptomatic surgical patients showed clinical improvement. (medscape.com)
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) gynecologic oncologists offer surgical and clinical services at NMMC Cancer Care in Tupelo for gynecologic cancers such as endometrial, cervical, ovarian or uterine cancer. (nmhs.net)
  • Twenty-five studies encompassing 3,599 patients in various surgical disciplines were retrieved from the electronic databases. (scielo.br)
  • They control blood loss for various surgical conditions. (openpr.com)
  • The median total surgical time was 205 min (range 160-312 min). (sages.org)
  • Treatment for a surgical wound sometimes depends on where it's located on the body. (healthline.com)
  • A surgical tool and method of surgical treatment involving a radio frequency source (e.g., 13.0 to 28.0 MHz) creating an electromagnetic field in the vicinity of tissue to be surgically treated and a grounded, tuned, electromagnetic field focusing probe that focuses the electromagnetic field energy at. (google.com)
  • A surgical tool and method of surgical treatment involving a radio frequency source (e.g., 13.0 to 28.0 MHz) creating an electromagnetic field in the vicinity of tissue to be surgically treated and a grounded, tuned, electromagnetic field focusing probe that focuses the electromagnetic field energy at the tip of the probe, thus instantaneously vaporizing, cutting and cauterizing the tissue in contact with the probe tip. (google.com)
  • c) removing the vaporized tissue from the region of the surgical treatment by applying a vacuum near the metal tip of said grounded electromagnetic field focusing probe. (google.com)
  • Frankly symptomatic patients should be offered surgical treatment. (medscape.com)
  • The goals of surgical treatment are decompression of cervicomedullary junction and restoration of normal CSF flow in the region of foramen magnum. (medscape.com)
  • To design a new surgical correction and fixation technique for the treatment of severe angular kyphosis, observe the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of the technique. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • In current literature, completely extradural schwannomas have not been methodically addressed nor given much attention due to their rarity, making it difficult to establish optimal surgical strategies for their treatment [2, 7]. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Apollo Hospitals, Chennai successfully performed Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI), the non-surgical treatment. (apollohospitals.com)
  • Another option is non-surgical treatment. (caringmedical.com)
  • e) a vacuum tube means adjacent to said conductive metal probe and terminating near the tip of said conductive metal probe such as to remove vaporized tissue during use of said surgical tool. (google.com)
  • An apparatus for detecting a surgical implement in human or animal tissue has means for defining a transmitting zone encompassing a surgical wound in the tissue. (google.com)
  • 13. Arrest of Menstrual bleeding -- 3.Tissue Repair --- starts from the mouths of open endometrial glands in the denuded areas , endothelium out grows and covers the raw area under the influence of Epithelial Growth Factor ( EGF) and blood vessels regrow due toVascular endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF).Thus the raw area of remaining basal endometrium is completely epithelized under Estrogen effect. (slideshare.net)
  • They'll look for the situation where it appears that the socket's blood clot has been lost and there is exposed bone tissue. (animated-teeth.com)
  • Surgical humidification is used to reduce the risk of tissue drying and evaporative cooling. (wikipedia.org)
  • Estimated blood loss was higher and operative times were longer during OLP. (uptodate.com)
  • After controlling for age, body mass index, operative time, and prophylactic antibiotic use, the odds ratio was 2.5 for febrile morbidity with the abdominal approach and 3.7 for an operative blood loss of 750 mL or more. (aafp.org)
  • Lane and Gill, 2010 ), with the potential benefits of reduced blood loss (estimated blood loss, EBL), shorter hospital stay (length of hospital stay, LOS), superior cosmesis, and more rapid convalescence. (frontiersin.org)
  • This technique provides visibility and access inside a surgical site. (sutterhealth.org)
  • For example, surgical wounds in the gastrointestinal tract may be at a high risk of becoming infected. (healthline.com)
  • What are the risk factors for surgical wound infections? (healthline.com)
  • Thirty-eight patients experiencing thoracolumbar fracture, with a vertebral height loss more than 50%, were treated with the novel, percutaneous, self-expanding, forceful reduction screw between March 2014 and June 2015. (springer.com)
  • In each type of fractures, no significant differences were found with respect to the blood loss, the quality of reduction, the time to bony healing, and the Harris hip score between the 2 groups. (hindawi.com)
  • Recognition of the importance of family physician and surgeon collaborating as partners in the evaluation of and decision making for the care of surgical patients. (aafp.org)
  • Blood loss, total hospital stay, and operating time: lower with the low central venous pressure group than control. (cochrane.org)
  • The server then sends the estimated blood loss back to the operating room in an encrypted manner, where it is displayed in real-time. (gausssurgical.com)
  • Founded in 2011 and headquartered in Los Altos, Calif. Gauss is developing a mobile platform for accurate, real-time monitoring of surgical blood loss. (gausssurgical.com)
  • This first-of-kind system gives operating room personnel the means to estimate blood loss in real time. (gausssurgical.com)
  • The NHS is always in need of blood donations at any time of the year. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • So I think by the time you leave the blood donation centre about an hour afterwards, most of the weight will have been put on in the form of tea and biscuits. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • PFNA is superior to reverse LISS in terms of surgical time, weight-bearing, and perhaps fluoroscopy time. (hindawi.com)
  • The main reason that someone is in our clinic exploring non-surgical treatments for their degenerative hip condition is mostly the same reason they are looking at minimally invasive hip replacement: they cannot take the time off from work to rehab. (caringmedical.com)
  • The algorithm detects and extracts time-interval and amplitude features from the ECG that describe ECG changes due to volume loss. (ahajournals.org)
  • On examination, she has a tachycardia of 100 beats/min, blood pressure 108/70 mmHg and a temperature of 37.9°C. Abdominal examination finds generalised abdominal tenderness without peritonism. (bmj.com)
  • Operating times were similar for abdominal and vaginal hysterectomies, but laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy had the longest surgical times. (aafp.org)
  • Therefore, the percutaneous, minimally invasive approach is not recommended for a thoracolumbar fracture with severe vertebral height loss. (springer.com)
  • This surgical approach is the same as that used for an anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) operation. (spine-health.com)
  • There was no evidence of extra-AM. The approach to surgical management using LA or OA was determined on the basis of CT and/or magnetic resonance imaging. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • Otherwise, the women did not differ significantly by surgical approach. (aafp.org)
  • In statistical analysis, only surgical approach and estimated blood loss predicted febrile morbidity. (aafp.org)
  • The 74-year-old widowed plaintiff sought damages for the pain and suffering, permanent disfigurement, and economic loss caused by the defendants' various acts of medical malpractice . (sommerspc.com)
  • Innocent victims of surgical negligence or malpractice may endure long-term pain and suffering because of the actions or inaction of surgical personnel or problems with surgical facilities. (joestephenslaw.com)
  • Instruments that become an extension of the surgeon's wrists, hands and fingers to move the tiny surgical instruments in a delicate, precise manner. (memorialcare.org)
  • The lowest blood loss was associated with vaginal hysterectomy. (aafp.org)
  • Initial full blood count, electrolytes, renal, and liver function are normal, except for an elevated white cell count of 15.0×10 9 /L and C reactive protein of 11.5 mg/L. (bmj.com)