Renal Dialysis: Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.Peritoneal Dialysis: Dialysis fluid being introduced into and removed from the peritoneal cavity as either a continuous or an intermittent procedure.Dialysis: A process of selective diffusion through a membrane. It is usually used to separate low-molecular-weight solutes which diffuse through the membrane from the colloidal and high-molecular-weight solutes which do not. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Dialysis Solutions: Solutions prepared for exchange across a semipermeable membrane of solutes below a molecular size determined by the cutoff threshold of the membrane material.Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory: Portable peritoneal dialysis using the continuous (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) presence of peritoneal dialysis solution in the peritoneal cavity except for periods of drainage and instillation of fresh solution.Kidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Peritonitis: INFLAMMATION of the PERITONEUM lining the ABDOMINAL CAVITY as the result of infectious, autoimmune, or chemical processes. Primary peritonitis is due to infection of the PERITONEAL CAVITY via hematogenous or lymphatic spread and without intra-abdominal source. Secondary peritonitis arises from the ABDOMINAL CAVITY itself through RUPTURE or ABSCESS of intra-abdominal organs.Peritoneum: A membrane of squamous EPITHELIAL CELLS, the mesothelial cells, covered by apical MICROVILLI that allow rapid absorption of fluid and particles in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. The peritoneum is divided into parietal and visceral components. The parietal peritoneum covers the inside of the ABDOMINAL WALL. The visceral peritoneum covers the intraperitoneal organs. The double-layered peritoneum forms the MESENTERY that suspends these organs from the abdominal wall.Catheters, Indwelling: Catheters designed to be left within an organ or passage for an extended period of time.Hemodialysis Solutions: Solutions prepared for hemodialysis. The composition of the pre-dialysis solution may be varied in order to determine the effect of solvated metabolites on anoxia, malnutrition, acid-base balance, etc. Of principal interest are the effect of the choice of buffers (e.g., acetate or carbonate), the addition of cations (Na+, K+, Ca2+), and addition of carbohydrates (glucose).Ultrafiltration: The separation of particles from a suspension by passage through a filter with very fine pores. In ultrafiltration the separation is accomplished by convective transport; in DIALYSIS separation relies instead upon differential diffusion. Ultrafiltration occurs naturally and is a laboratory procedure. Artificial ultrafiltration of the blood is referred to as HEMOFILTRATION or HEMODIAFILTRATION (if combined with HEMODIALYSIS).Urea: A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.Nephrology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the anatomy, physiology, and pathology of the kidney.Renal Replacement Therapy: Procedures which temporarily or permanently remedy insufficient cleansing of body fluids by the kidneys.Kidneys, Artificial: Devices which can substitute for normally functioning KIDNEYS in removing components from the blood by DIALYSIS that are normally eliminated in the URINE.Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical: Surgical shunt allowing direct passage of blood from an artery to a vein. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Hemodiafiltration: The combination of hemodialysis and hemofiltration either simultaneously or sequentially. Convective transport (hemofiltration) may be better for removal of larger molecular weight substances and diffusive transport (hemodialysis) for smaller molecular weight solutes.CreatinineKidney Transplantation: The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.Kidney Diseases: Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Serum Albumin: A major protein in the BLOOD. It is important in maintaining the colloidal osmotic pressure and transporting large organic molecules.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Peritoneal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERITONEUM.Acute Kidney Injury: Abrupt reduction in kidney function. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.Membranes, Artificial: Artificially produced membranes, such as semipermeable membranes used in artificial kidney dialysis (RENAL DIALYSIS), monomolecular and bimolecular membranes used as models to simulate biological CELL MEMBRANES. These membranes are also used in the process of GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Glucans: Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.Peritoneal Fibrosis: Disorder characterized by a wide range of structural changes in PERITONEUM, resulting from fibrogenic or inflammatory processes. Peritoneal fibrosis is a common complication in patients receiving PERITONEAL DIALYSIS and contributes to its gradual decrease in efficiency.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Peritoneal Cavity: The space enclosed by the peritoneum. It is divided into two portions, the greater sac and the lesser sac or omental bursa, which lies behind the STOMACH. The two sacs are connected by the foramen of Winslow, or epiploic foramen.Renal Insufficiency: Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level in the ability to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal insufficiency can be classified by the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE.Renal Insufficiency, Chronic: Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)Anemia: A reduction in the number of circulating ERYTHROCYTES or in the quantity of HEMOGLOBIN.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Erythropoietin: Glycoprotein hormone, secreted chiefly by the KIDNEY in the adult and the LIVER in the FETUS, that acts on erythroid stem cells of the BONE MARROW to stimulate proliferation and differentiation.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Bicarbonates: Inorganic salts that contain the -HCO3 radical. They are an important factor in determining the pH of the blood and the concentration of bicarbonate ions is regulated by the kidney. Levels in the blood are an index of the alkali reserve or buffering capacity.Renal Osteodystrophy: Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.Glomerular Filtration Rate: The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Kidney Function Tests: Laboratory tests used to evaluate how well the kidneys are working through examination of blood and urine.Diabetic Nephropathies: KIDNEY injuries associated with diabetes mellitus and affecting KIDNEY GLOMERULUS; ARTERIOLES; KIDNEY TUBULES; and the interstitium. Clinical signs include persistent PROTEINURIA, from microalbuminuria progressing to ALBUMINURIA of greater than 300 mg/24 h, leading to reduced GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE.Catheterization: Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.Glucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.Hematinics: Agents which improve the quality of the blood, increasing the hemoglobin level and the number of erythrocytes. They are used in the treatment of anemias.Phosphorus: A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary: Abnormally elevated PARATHYROID HORMONE secretion as a response to HYPOCALCEMIA. It is caused by chronic KIDNEY FAILURE or other abnormalities in the controls of bone and mineral metabolism, leading to various BONE DISEASES, such as RENAL OSTEODYSTROPHY.Water-Electrolyte Imbalance: Disturbances in the body's WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.Parathyroid Hormone: A polypeptide hormone (84 amino acid residues) secreted by the PARATHYROID GLANDS which performs the essential role of maintaining intracellular CALCIUM levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone increases intracellular calcium by promoting the release of CALCIUM from BONE, increases the intestinal absorption of calcium, increases the renal tubular reabsorption of calcium, and increases the renal excretion of phosphates.Body Surface Area: The two dimensional measure of the outer layer of the body.Ascitic Fluid: The serous fluid of ASCITES, the accumulation of fluids in the PERITONEAL CAVITY.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Blood Urea Nitrogen: The urea concentration of the blood stated in terms of nitrogen content. Serum (plasma) urea nitrogen is approximately 12% higher than blood urea nitrogen concentration because of the greater protein content of red blood cells. Increases in blood or serum urea nitrogen are referred to as azotemia and may have prerenal, renal, or postrenal causes. (From Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)Hemofiltration: Extracorporeal ULTRAFILTRATION technique without HEMODIALYSIS for treatment of fluid overload and electrolyte disturbances affecting renal, cardiac, or pulmonary function.Aluminum: A metallic element that has the atomic number 13, atomic symbol Al, and atomic weight 26.98.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.United StatesHealth Facilities, Proprietary: Health care institutions operated by private groups or corporations for a profit.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Buffers: A chemical system that functions to control the levels of specific ions in solution. When the level of hydrogen ion in solution is controlled the system is called a pH buffer.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Biocompatible Materials: Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.Catheterization, Central Venous: Placement of an intravenous CATHETER in the subclavian, jugular, or other central vein.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Withholding Treatment: Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Equipment Failure: Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.Protein-Energy Malnutrition: The lack of sufficient energy or protein to meet the body's metabolic demands, as a result of either an inadequate dietary intake of protein, intake of poor quality dietary protein, increased demands due to disease, or increased nutrient losses.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Water-Electrolyte Balance: The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Phosphates: Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.Calcinosis: Pathologic deposition of calcium salts in tissues.beta 2-Microglobulin: An 11-kDa protein associated with the outer membrane of many cells including lymphocytes. It is the small subunit of the MHC class I molecule. Association with beta 2-microglobulin is generally required for the transport of class I heavy chains from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface. Beta 2-microglobulin is present in small amounts in serum, csf, and urine of normal people, and to a much greater degree in the urine and plasma of patients with tubular proteinemia, renal failure, or kidney transplants.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Sterilization: The destroying of all forms of life, especially microorganisms, by heat, chemical, or other means.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Treatment Failure: A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.Kaplan-Meier Estimate: A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)Automation: Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Vascular Access Devices: Devices to be inserted into veins or arteries for the purpose of carrying fluids into or from a peripheral or central vascular location. They may include component parts such as catheters, ports, reservoirs, and valves. They may be left in place temporarily for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Infusions, Parenteral: The administration of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through some other route than the alimentary canal, usually over minutes or hours, either by gravity flow or often by infusion pumping.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Cefazolin: A semisynthetic cephalosporin analog with broad-spectrum antibiotic action due to inhibition of bacterial cell wall synthesis. It attains high serum levels and is excreted quickly via the urine.Blood Proteins: Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.Hematocrit: The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.Outsourced Services: Organizational activities previously performed internally that are provided by external agents.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Malnutrition: An imbalanced nutritional status resulted from insufficient intake of nutrients to meet normal physiological requirement.Hypoalbuminemia: A condition in which albumin level in blood (SERUM ALBUMIN) is below the normal range. Hypoalbuminemia may be due to decreased hepatic albumin synthesis, increased albumin catabolism, altered albumin distribution, or albumin loss through the urine (ALBUMINURIA).Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Osmolar Concentration: The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Sclerosis: A pathological process consisting of hardening or fibrosis of an anatomical structure, often a vessel or a nerve.Hypotension: Abnormally low BLOOD PRESSURE that can result in inadequate blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. Common symptom is DIZZINESS but greater negative impacts on the body occur when there is prolonged depravation of oxygen and nutrients.Saudi ArabiaPermeability: Property of membranes and other structures to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, and mineral ions.Metabolic Clearance Rate: Volume of biological fluid completely cleared of drug metabolites as measured in unit time. Elimination occurs as a result of metabolic processes in the kidney, liver, saliva, sweat, intestine, heart, brain, or other site.Microdialysis: A technique for measuring extracellular concentrations of substances in tissues, usually in vivo, by means of a small probe equipped with a semipermeable membrane. Substances may also be introduced into the extracellular space through the membrane.Acidosis: A pathologic condition of acid accumulation or depletion of base in the body. The two main types are RESPIRATORY ACIDOSIS and metabolic acidosis, due to metabolic acid build up.Prescriptions: Directions written for the obtaining and use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS; MEDICAL DEVICES; corrective LENSES; and a variety of other medical remedies.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Bacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Biological Transport: The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.Azotemia: A biochemical abnormality referring to an elevation of BLOOD UREA NITROGEN and CREATININE. Azotemia can be produced by KIDNEY DISEASES or other extrarenal disorders. When azotemia becomes associated with a constellation of clinical signs, it is termed UREMIA.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Glycosylation End Products, Advanced: Products derived from the nonenzymatic reaction of GLUCOSE and PROTEINS in vivo that exhibit a yellow-brown pigmentation and an ability to participate in protein-protein cross-linking. These substances are involved in biological processes relating to protein turnover and it is believed that their excessive accumulation contributes to the chronic complications of DIABETES MELLITUS.Absorption: The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.Albumins: Water-soluble proteins found in egg whites, blood, lymph, and other tissues and fluids. They coagulate upon heating.Oliguria: Decreased URINE output that is below the normal range. Oliguria can be defined as urine output of less than or equal to 0.5 or 1 ml/kg/hr depending on the age.C-Reactive Protein: A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Electric Impedance: The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Acid-Base Equilibrium: The balance between acids and bases in the BODY FLUIDS. The pH (HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION) of the arterial BLOOD provides an index for the total body acid-base balance.Omentum: A double-layered fold of peritoneum that attaches the STOMACH to other organs in the ABDOMINAL CAVITY.Crush Syndrome: Severe systemic manifestation of trauma and ischemia involving soft tissues, principally skeletal muscle, due to prolonged severe crushing. It leads to increased permeability of the cell membrane and to the release of potassium, enzymes, and myoglobin from within cells. Ischemic renal dysfunction secondary to hypotension and diminished renal perfusion results in acute tubular necrosis and uremia.Central Venous Catheters: Catheters that are inserted into a large central vein such as a SUBCLAVIAN VEIN or FEMORAL VEIN.Staphylococcus epidermidis: A species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS that is a spherical, non-motile, gram-positive, chemoorganotrophic, facultative anaerobe. Mainly found on the skin and mucous membrane of warm-blooded animals, it can be primary pathogen or secondary invader.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.alpha-2-HS-Glycoprotein: A fetuin subtype that is synthesized by HEPATOCYTES and secreted into the circulation. It plays a major role in preventing CALCIUM precipitation in the BLOOD.Acrylonitrile: A highly poisonous compound used widely in the manufacture of plastics, adhesives and synthetic rubber.Glucose Solution, Hypertonic: Solution that is usually 10 percent glucose but may be higher. An isotonic solution of glucose is 5 percent.New Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Waiting Lists: Prospective patient listings for appointments or treatments.Pruritus: An intense itching sensation that produces the urge to rub or scratch the skin to obtain relief.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Cellulose: A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.Hydrothorax: A collection of watery fluid in the pleural cavity. (Dorland, 27th ed)Infection: Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.Equipment Contamination: The presence of an infectious agent on instruments, prostheses, or other inanimate articles.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.EuropePatient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Equipment Reuse: Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.Vascular Patency: The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.Kidney Cortex Necrosis: Death of cells in the KIDNEY CORTEX, a common final result of various renal injuries including HYPOXIA; ISCHEMIA; and drug toxicity.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Axillary Vein: The venous trunk of the upper limb; a continuation of the basilar and brachial veins running from the lower border of the teres major muscle to the outer border of the first rib where it becomes the subclavian vein.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Device Removal: Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.Graft Survival: The survival of a graft in a host, the factors responsible for the survival and the changes occurring within the graft during growth in the host.Delayed Graft Function: General dysfunction of an organ occurring immediately following its transplantation. The term most frequently refers to renal dysfunction following KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Brachiocephalic Veins: Large veins on either side of the root of the neck formed by the junction of the internal jugular and subclavian veins. They drain blood from the head, neck, and upper extremities, and unite to form the superior vena cava.Bone Diseases: Diseases of BONES.Serum Albumin, Radio-Iodinated: Normal human serum albumin mildly iodinated with radioactive iodine (131-I) which has a half-life of 8 days, and emits beta and gamma rays. It is used as a diagnostic aid in blood volume determination. (from Merck Index, 11th ed)Amyloidosis: A group of sporadic, familial and/or inherited, degenerative, and infectious disease processes, linked by the common theme of abnormal protein folding and deposition of AMYLOID. As the amyloid deposits enlarge they displace normal tissue structures, causing disruption of function. Various signs and symptoms depend on the location and size of the deposits.Calciphylaxis: Condition of induced systemic hypersensitivity in which tissues respond to appropriate challenging agents with a sudden local calcification.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Dielectric Spectroscopy: A technique of measuring the dielectric properties of materials, which vary over a range of frequencies depending on the physical properties of the material. The technique involves measuring, over a range of frequencies, ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE and phase shift of an electric field as it passes through the material.Extracellular Fluid: The fluid of the body that is outside of CELLS. It is the external environment for the cells.Sodium: A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Glucaric Acid: A sugar acid derived from D-glucose in which both the aldehydic carbon atom and the carbon atom bearing the primary hydroxyl group are oxidized to carboxylic acid groups.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.ItalyDietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Treatment Refusal: Patient or client refusal of or resistance to medical, psychological, or psychiatric treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Vascular Diseases: Pathological processes involving any of the BLOOD VESSELS in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of ARTERIES; VEINS; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular: Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Brunei: An independent sultanate on the northeast coast of Borneo. Its chief products are oil and natural gas. Its name is Hindi, coming from the Sanskrit bhumi, land or region. It gave its name Brunei to Borneo. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p183 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p82)Staphylococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.JapanCalcium Carbonate: Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Glomerulonephritis: Inflammation of the renal glomeruli (KIDNEY GLOMERULUS) that can be classified by the type of glomerular injuries including antibody deposition, complement activation, cellular proliferation, and glomerulosclerosis. These structural and functional abnormalities usually lead to HEMATURIA; PROTEINURIA; HYPERTENSION; and RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.Refusal to Treat: Refusal of the health professional to initiate or continue treatment of a patient or group of patients. The refusal can be based on any reason. The concept is differentiated from PATIENT REFUSAL OF TREATMENT see TREATMENT REFUSAL which originates with the patient and not the health professional.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Drug Contamination: The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Polytetrafluoroethylene: Homopolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. Nonflammable, tough, inert plastic tubing or sheeting; used to line vessels, insulate, protect or lubricate apparatus; also as filter, coating for surgical implants or as prosthetic material. Synonyms: Fluoroflex; Fluoroplast; Ftoroplast; Halon; Polyfene; PTFE; Tetron.Graft Occlusion, Vascular: Obstruction of flow in biological or prosthetic vascular grafts.Mupirocin: A topically used antibiotic from a strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens. It has shown excellent activity against gram-positive staphylococci and streptococci. The antibiotic is used primarily for the treatment of primary and secondary skin disorders, nasal infections, and wound healing.TaiwanCritical Illness: A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.SulfonesVancomycin: Antibacterial obtained from Streptomyces orientalis. It is a glycopeptide related to RISTOCETIN that inhibits bacterial cell wall assembly and is toxic to kidneys and the inner ear.Hyperkalemia: Abnormally high potassium concentration in the blood, most often due to defective renal excretion. It is characterized clinically by electrocardiographic abnormalities (elevated T waves and depressed P waves, and eventually by atrial asystole). In severe cases, weakness and flaccid paralysis may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)
"Blood. 124 (6): e4-e10. doi:10.1182/blood-2014-03-564328. PMC 4126341. PMID 24990887.. ... "Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation. 27 (4): 1505-11. doi:10.1093/ndt/gfr522. PMC 3315672. PMID 21968013.. ... doi:10.1182/blood-2011-06-358853. PMC 3251230. PMID 21908426.. *^ Crish J, Conti MA, Sakai T, Adelstein RS, Egelhoff TT ( ... blood vessel endothelial cell migration. • establishment of T cell polarity. • myoblast fusion. • membrane protein ectodomain ...
Guam Memorial Hospital
Its blood bank is registered with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Its mammography services are accredited and certified ... renal dialysis; physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech language pathology, cardiac rehabilitation and recreational ... laboratory and blood bank services; radiology, angiography, nuclear medicine and CT scan diagnostic services; pharmacy; ...
Risk factors include ascites and peritoneal dialysis. Diagnosis is generally based on examination, blood tests, and medical ... A peritoneal abscess may form (e.g., above or below the liver, or in the lesser omentum) Sepsis may develop, so blood cultures ... Intra-peritoneal dialysis predisposes to peritoneal infection (sometimes named "primary peritonitis" in this context). Systemic ... Other measures may include a nasogastric tube or blood transfusion. Without treatment death may occur within a few days. ...
The filtered blood is then returned into the body. With peritoneal dialysis, fluid containing dextrose is introduced into the ... Dialysis: helps restore filtering function. With hemodialysis, a patient's blood circulates into an external filter and clean. ... decreases the amount blood sugar being released by the liver and by stimulating the cells within muscles to take up blood sugar ... It acts centrally (via the brain) to reduce food intake and blood sugar. It is most commonly used at mealtimes by people with ...
"Blood pressure risks rise". Au.news.yahoo.com. Retrieved 8 October 2017. "Affordable Dialysis Prize Announced, Health Check - ... Healy, Melissa (9 November 2015). "Getting your blood pressure even lower: Here are the risks and rewards". Los Angeles Times. ... "The search the world's first truly affordable dialysis machine". Abc.net.au. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2017. ... Perkovic, Vlado; Rodgers, Anthony (2015). "Redefining Blood-Pressure Targets - SPRINT Starts the Marathon". New England Journal ...
Nathan W. Levin
Blood Purif 2008;26:82-89. Kotanko P, Levin NW, Zhu F: Current state of bioimpedance technologies in dialysis. Nephrol Dial ... Blood Purif 2008;26:49-53. Kuhlmann MK, Levin NW: Potential interplay between nutrition and inflammation in dialysis patients. ... Ronco C, Levin NW: Dialysis: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease. Preface. Blood Purif 2008;26:5. Richter A, Kuhlmann MK, ... Assessment of body composition in dialysis patients by arm bioimpedance compared to MRI and 40K measurements. Blood Purif 2009; ...
... -coated blood oxygenators are available for use in heart-lung machines. Among other things, these specialized ... Other uses include inside test tubes and kidney dialysis machines. Common side effects include bleeding, pain at the injection ... "Miracle Blood Lubricant: Connaught and the Story of Heparin, 1928-1937". Health Heritage Research Services. Archived from the ... Hansen R, Koster A, Kukucka M, Mertzlufft F, Kuppe H (2000). "A quick anti-Xa-activity-based whole blood coagulation assay for ...
Basic blood tests can be used to check the concentration of hemoglobin, platelets, sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, ... which deal with dialysis vascular access. The Renal Support Network (RSN) is a nonprofit, patient-focused, patient-run ... Dialysis is an artificial method of replacing some kidney function to prolong life. Renal transplantation replaces kidney ... Blood products including intravenous immunoglobulin and a process known as plasma exchange can also be employed. ...
Patients with kidney failure not related to low blood volume and patients on dialysis should avoid this product in high doses ... An intravenous solution of hydroxyethyl starch is used to prevent shock following severe blood loss caused by trauma, surgery, ... Use of hydroxyethyl starch with normal saline in its preparation is contraindicated in people with severe increases in blood ... Furthermore, the patients needed more blood products, had significant more liver failure and itching. The study was published ...
Chronic kidney disease
In CKD numerous uremic toxins accumulate in the blood. Even when ESKD (largely synonymous with CKD5) is treated with dialysis, ... Initial treatments may include medications to manage blood pressure, blood sugar, and lower cholesterol. NSAIDs should be ... The causes that contribute to the greatest number of deaths are high blood pressure at 550,000, followed by diabetes at 418,000 ... The most common cause of CKD as of 2015 is diabetes mellitus followed by high blood pressure and glomerulonephritis. Other ...
Low copper dialysis is theorized to prevent or delay onset. Hepatoerythropoietic porphyria List of cutaneous conditions Miyata ... Long-term haemodialysis results in a gradual accumulation of β2 microglobulin, a serum protein, in the blood. It accumulates ... Affected individuals usually present after 5 years of dialysis rarely before that. The tendency of haemodialysis-associated ... because it is unable to cross the dialysis filter. ...
HIV/AIDS in Egypt
Still, many of the early cases came from infected blood products or dialysis. In 1993, approximately 60 kidney dialysis ... renal dialysis (12 percent), and blood transfusion (6.2 percent), according to the National Aids Program (NAP) in an official ... In the years before 2004, the majority of HIV cases recorded in Egypt were due to mandated testing, such as for blood donors, ... It performs blood screening, provides free Antiretorviral Therapy (ART) for those infected, encourages HIV testing, and ...
When used for peritoneal dialysis, the icodextrin solution absorbs waste products from the blood, and is removed from the ... the other events seem to be related to peritoneal dialysis in general. Icodextrin can mimic increased blood glucose levels, ... Adverse effects include peritonitis, respiratory infection, hypertension (high blood pressure), rashes, and headache. Of these ... based tests can erroneously show high blood glucose in patients that have been treated with icodextrin. American College of ...
Since lisinopril is removed by dialysis, dosing changes must also be considered for people on dialysis. Lisinopril has been ... Lisinopril is a drug of the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor class used primarily in treatment of high blood ... In cases of overdosage, it can be removed from circulation by dialysis. Lisinopril is an ACE Inhibitor, meaning it blocks the ... The inhibition of this system causes an overall decrease in blood pressure. The following is a summary of lisinopril's ...
After discovering sultiame's ability to raise the blood levels of phenytoin, it was assumed that sultiame would only act in ... It is not known whether dialysis may help in case of overdose. p-Aminobenzenesulfonamide can be alkylated by ω- ... Sultiame may also lead to a rise of phenobarbitone blood levels. Alcohol must not be consumed during treatment. Vomiting, ...
The combination of high arousal in the amygdala and brainstem along with decreased blood flow and blood sugar in the brain can ... Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation. 24 (3): 825-828. doi:10.1093/ndt/gfn585. ISSN 0931-0509. Tavel, ME (28 July 2016). "Panic ... the hyperventilation leads to a drop in carbon dioxide levels in the lungs and then in the blood. This leads to shifts in blood ... Some people also suffer from tunnel vision, mostly due to blood flow leaving the head to more critical parts of the body in ...
Dialysis removes metabolic waste products as well as excess water and sodium (thereby contributing to regulating blood pressure ... Dialysis. Main article: Dialysis. Dialysis is a treatment that substitutes for the function of normal kidneys. Dialysis ... Kidney function is tested for using blood tests and urine tests. A usual blood test is for urea and electrolytes, known as a U ... They receive blood from the paired renal arteries; blood exits into the paired renal veins. Each kidney is attached to a ureter ...
As such, drug levels in the blood may build up in persons with kidney injury or kidney disease. This includes those on dialysis ... Ceftazidime is used to treat lower respiratory tract, skin, urinary tract, blood-stream, joint, and abdominal infections, and ... Another source reported, in addition, blood tests of patients may show increased eosinophils (8%), increased lactate ...
... after dialysis sessions. Better blood pressure management-less need for blood pressure medications. Avoidance of intradialytic ... Introducing dialysis into the home will impact everyone in the home, for good and bad. Space is needed for the dialysis machine ... When nocturnal dialysis is given 3 or 3.5 times (every other night) per week, the total weekly duration of dialysis is markedly ... Short dialysis (at home) five times a week is thought to reduce renal osteodystrophy. SDHHD and nocturnal dialysis avoid large ...
Mechanical trauma during blood drawing can cause potassium leakage out of the red blood cells due to haemolysed blood sample. ... Trials of fludrocortisone in patients on dialysis have shown it to be ineffective. Patiromer is a selective sorbent that is ... Massive blood transfusion can cause hyperkalemia in infants due to leakage of potassium out of the red blood cells during ... The normal serum level of potassium is 3.5 to 5 mmol/L. Generally, blood tests for kidney function (creatinine, blood urea ...
6. Blood tests: Blood tests may be ordered to check the levels of substances in the blood that may show a heart problem. Blood ... Kidney disease requiring dialysis. *Alcohol or cocaine abuse. *HIV infection. *Diabetes ... Blood clots: Having an enlarged heart may make one more susceptible to forming blood clots in the lining of the heart. If clots ... Beta blockers: to lower blood pressure and improve heart function.. *Digoxin: to help improve the pumping function of the heart ...
Dialysis, Transplantation. 22 (3): 712-4. doi:10.1093/ndt/gfl768. PMID 17210583. Blázquez-Medela AM, García-Ortiz L, Gómez- ... a powerful therapeutic target on tumor-associated angiogenetic blood vessels". Oncogene. 22 (42): 6557-63. doi:10.1038/sj.onc. ... Dialysis, Transplantation. 16 Suppl 1: 34-9. doi:10.1093/ndt/16.suppl_1.34. PMID 11369818. Michelle Letarte. "Structure and ... Dialysis, Transplantation. 21 (11): 3052-4. doi:10.1093/ndt/gfl439. PMID 16870672. López-Novoa JM (Mar 2007). "Soluble endoglin ...
The most common signs and symptoms of kidney cancer are a mass in the abdomen and/or blood in the urine (or hematuria). Other ... having kidney disease that needs dialysis; being infected with hepatitis C; and previous treatment for testicular cancer or ... The most common symptoms are swelling of the abdomen and blood in the urine. Around 208,500 new cases of kidney cancer are ... There are also other possible risk factors such as kidney stones and high blood pressure, which are being investigated. Kidney ...
It is �not for patients with stage 5 CKD or on dialysis. In the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism due to chronic ... It does decrease the need for a parathyroidectomy but caused more issues with low blood calcium levels and vomiting. Most ... The elevated PTH has also pleiotropic effects on the blood, immune system, and neurological system. Chronic kidney failure is ... low blood calcium levels) and associated hyperplasia of the glands. This disorder is especially seen in patients with chronic ...
Medical laboratory equipment automates or helps analyze blood, urine, genes, and dissolved gases in the blood. Diagnostic ... This includes medical ventilators, incubators, anaesthetic machines, heart-lung machines, ECMO, and dialysis machines. Medical ... Monitors may measure patient vital signs and other parameters including ECG, EEG, and blood pressure. ...
Bethesda Hospital (Ambur)
Dialysis Unit, HIV/AIDS Care and Support Programmes further add significance for this centre. Trauma Care Unit are available 24 ... Apart from this Blood bank is operational. Proposed additions include setting up of Corporate cell, "Golden Hour" Mobile ... Control Programme Tuberculosis Control Programme Urban Community Health Programmes Rural Community Health Programmes Blood bank ...
Polycystic kidney disease
Play media Signs and symptoms include high blood pressure, headaches, abdominal pain, blood in the urine, and excessive ... Studies show that 10% of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients being treated with dialysis in Europe and the U.S. were ... A physical exam/test can reveal enlarged liver, heart murmurs and elevated blood pressure Most cases progress to bilateral ... Declining renal function is treated with renal replacement therapy (RRT): dialysis and/or transplantation. Management from the ...
This may cause vomiting blood, coughing up of blood, or blood in stool. Bleeding into the skin may create petechiae, ... Dialysis may be needed for kidney failure, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation may be used for lung dysfunction. ... Blood products such as packed red blood cells, platelets, or fresh frozen plasma may also be used. Other regulators of ... an initially decreased white blood cell count followed by an increased white blood cell count; elevated levels of the liver ...
Medical laboratory equipment automates or helps analyze blood, urine, genes, and dissolved gases in the blood. ... This includes medical ventilators, incubators, anaesthetic machines, heart-lung machines, ECMO, and dialysis machines. ... ASTM D7225: Standard Guide for Blood Cleaning Efficiency of Detergents and Washer-Disinfectors ... "Standard Guide for Blood Cleaning Efficiency of Detergents and Washer-Disinfectors". 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014.. ...
Rahutute jalgade sündroom - Vikipeedia, vaba entsüklopeedia
He had been in kidney failure for some time and received dialysis. By 9 October, he had been placed on a ventilator ... He was admitted to the hospital in October 2007 and diagnosed with a blood shortage to his brain. He received treatment ... King Bhumibol underwent tests that revealed a blood infection and an X-ray found inflammation on his left lung, along with ...
About a third of untreated patients have spontaneous remission, another third progress to require dialysis and the last third ... membranous nephropathy is known to predispose affected individuals to develop blood clots such as pulmonary emboli. Membranous ... or kidney disease severe enough to require dialysis. Because the above medications carry risk, treatment should not be ...
Surviving Sepsis Campaign
In response, the liver produces more LDL receptors, which remove circulating LDL from the blood. Statins effectively lower ... this filters LDL from the bloodstream in a process reminiscent of dialysis. Very severe cases may be considered for a liver ... in which the portal vein is connected to the vena cava to allow blood with nutrients from the intestine to bypass the liver.[38 ... and problems due to a decreased blood supply to the feet (such as gangrene). Atherosclerosis risk is increased further with ...
Hypertensive kidney disease
High blood pressure in the long term can damage the endothelium, commonly known as the blood vessel lining. This leads to a ... For instance, it accounts for as many as 25% and 17% of patients starting dialysis for end-stage kidney disease in Italy and ... The tissue hardens and thickens which is known as nephrosclerosis. The narrowing of the blood vessels means less blood is ... the kidney supplied blood by the narrowed renal artery suffers from inadequate blood flow, which in turn causes the size of the ...
2 to 3-fold increase in listing on the dialysis and transplant registry, up to 30-fold increase in end stage renal disease, 8- ... Over time Australia has used various means to determine membership of ethnic groups such as lineage, blood quantum, birth and ... However, in 1889 Parliament recognised Fanny Cochrane Smith (d:1905) as the last surviving full-blooded Tasmanian Aborigine.[g] ... These policies aimed to integrate Aboriginal persons who were "not of full blood" into the white community in an effort to ...
... dialysis, epidural blood patch, plasmapheresis, blood labeling or tagging and platelet gel (autologous) ... Rejection of blood transfusions. Main article: Jehovah's Witnesses and blood transfusions. Jehovah's Witnesses refuse blood ... Though Jehovah's Witnesses do not accept blood transfusions of whole blood, they may accept some blood plasma fractions at ... "The Real Value of Blood". Awake!. August 2006. p. 11.. *^ Durable Power of Attorney form. Watch Tower Society. January 2001. p ...
Further information: Blood product, Blood transfusion, and Blood substitute. A blood product (or blood-based product) is any ... Early blood transfusions consisted of whole blood, but modern medical practice commonly uses only components of the blood, such ... Blood substitutes (also called 'artificial blood' or 'blood surrogates') are artificial substances aiming to provide an ... such as massive blood loss due to trauma, or can be used to replace blood lost during surgery. Blood transfusions may also be ...
Patients with a high level of this protein were 3.7 times more likely to survive kidney dialysis for a year without a fatal ... as a receptor to chemoattract human peripheral blood neutrophils, monocytes, and T cells". The Journal of Experimental Medicine ... appear to significantly reduce the risk of death from infection in dialysis patients. ...
Human digestive system
... and the pancreas with oxygenated blood. Most of the blood is returned to the liver via the portal venous system for further ... Another product is iron, which is used in the formation of new blood cells in the bone marrow. Medicine treats the spleen ... The spleen is the largest lymphoid organ in the body but has other functions. It breaks down both red and white blood cells ... This is why it is sometimes known as the 'graveyard of red blood cells'. A product of this digestion is the pigment ...
Of those millions, several thousand will need dialysis or a kidney transplant at its end-stage. In the United States, as of ... In order to be a match for a kidney transplant, patients must match blood type and human leukocyte antigen factors with their ... Kidney failure is known as the end-stage of kidney disease, where dialysis or a kidney transplant is the only treatment option ... It is particularly associated with poorly managed diabetes mellitus and is a primary reason for dialysis in many developed ...
Vitamin D toxicity
An excess of vitamin D causes abnormally high blood concentrations of calcium, which can cause overcalcification of the bones, ... Clinical studies on prophylaxis and treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in uremic patients on chronic dialysis". Danish ... The normal range for blood concentration is 20 to 50 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL). ... and Blood Institute Family Heart Study and Hypertension Genetic Epidemiology Network". The American Journal of Cardiology. 97 ( ...
Tuberkulóza - Wikipedie
Other blood tests done to aid in the diagnosis include CRP or ESR, complement levels, ANA, and LDH. Protein electrophoresis and ... renal function so poor that dialysis was required) in the steroid group. Importantly, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors ... A urinalysis will show red blood cells, usually as red cell urinary casts. Proteinuria, usually less than 2 grams per day, also ... These include low-protein diet and optimal control of blood pressure. The choice of the antihypertensive agent is open as long ...
Vitamin D deficiency
measuring the concentration of the calcifediol in the blood. UVB from sunlight is a large source of vitamin D. Oily fish such ... most commonly kidney dialysis patients who have had tertiary hyperparathyroidism, but also to patients with primary ... To maintain blood levels of calcium, therapeutic vitamin D doses are sometimes administered (up to 100,000 IU or 2.5 mg daily) ... While there is evidence that vitamin D3 raises 25(OH)D blood levels more effectively than vitamin D2, other evidence ...
Another toxin is phallolysin, which has shown some hemolytic (red blood cell-destroying) activity in vitro. An unrelated ... and peritoneal dialysis have occasionally yielded success, but overall do not appear to improve outcome. ... liver failure and attendant hepatic encephalopathy caused by the accumulation of normally liver-removed substance in the blood. ...
High blood pressure. According to the CHARGE Consortium, both systolic and diastolic blood pressure are predictors of the ... cirrhosis and end-stage kidney disease on dialysis) that predispose a person to both bleeding and clotting complications is ... blood clotting). If the clot becomes mobile and is carried away by the blood circulation, it is called an embolus. An embolus ... raising blood pressure, lowering the levels of potassium and magnesium in the blood, worsening obstructive sleep apnea, and by ...
... altering blood flow and blood vessel tone in the kidneys. The kidney failure of HRS is a consequence of these changes in blood ... Liver dialysis involves extracorporeal dialysis to remove toxins from the circulation, usually through the addition of a second ... a urine osmolality that is greater than that in the blood, the absence of red blood cells in the urine, and a serum sodium ... is that blood vessels in the kidney circulation are constricted because of the dilation of blood vessels in the splanchnic ...
... hemorrhage and/or blood clotting disorders, advanced kidney disease or on dialysis, heart conditions, severe hypertension, ... In 2012, the National Toxicology Program concluded that there is sufficient evidence of an association between blood lead ... Tremor and disease activity/intensity can worsen in response to fatigue, strong emotions, low blood sugar, cold and heat, ... "Blood harmane, blood lead, and severity of hand tremor: evidence of additive effects". Neurotoxicology. 32 (2): 227-32. doi ...
"On the removal of diffusible substances from the circulating blood by means of dialysis". Trans Assoc Am Phys. 28: 51-54.. ... In such a plasma donation procedure, blood is removed from the body, blood cells and plasma are separated, and the blood cells ... Citrate binds to calcium in the blood, calcium being essential for blood to clot. Citrate is very effective in preventing blood ... Exchange, Removing blood plasma and exchanging it with blood products to be donated to the recipient. This type is called ...
... then the use of medications that raise blood pressure becomes necessary. Mechanical ventilation and dialysis may be needed ... After six hours the blood pressure should be adequate, close monitoring of blood pressure and blood supply to organs should be ... high blood lactate, or low urine output may suggest poor blood flow. Septic shock is low blood pressure due to sepsis that ... Blood products. The Surviving Sepsis Campaign recommended packed red blood cells transfusion for hemoglobin levels below ...
Patent US3441136 - Controlled blood dialysis system - Google Patents
1. A blood dialysis system comprising: a dialyzer having a membrane, blood ports for passage of blood through said dialyzer on ... means for monitoring the temperature, concentration and pressure of said dialysis fluid, the presence of blood in said dialysis ... STOP DIALYSIS If an alarm occurs during the dialysis, the system shifts automatically to Stop Dialysis as indicated by ... 3d) of the Stop Dialysis pushbutton. This permits dialysis to be stopped by depressing the Stop Dialysis pushbutton. ...
Blood thinner causes stroke in some dialysis patients | EurekAlert! Science News
... but the drug may have the opposite effect in kidney disease patients on dialysis, according to a study appearing in an upcoming ... The blood thinner warfarin can prevent strokes in most individuals with abnormal heart rhythms, ... the increase in risk was related to the degree of blood thinning in response to the drug. Dialysis patients whose blood was not ... Blood thinner causes stroke in some dialysis patients Patients with abnormal heart rhythms have highest risk ...
Lab-grown blood vessels provide hope for dialysis patients
Research published this week describes how lab-grown blood vessels were transformed into living tissue when grafted into ... Tags: Blood, Blood Vessel, Blood Vessels, Cell, Clinical Trial, Collagen, Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery, Dialysis, Heart, ... Lab-grown blood vessels provide hope for dialysis patients. *Download PDF Copy ... A HAV was implanted in the upper arms of 60 people with kidney failure whose blood vessels would not permit the dialysis they ...
Machine similar to dialysis removes `bad` cholesterol from blood
... which is similar to kidney dialysis, for patients who have been unable to control cholesterol with lifestyle changes and ... which is similar to kidney dialysis, for patients who have been unable to control cholesterol with lifestyle changes and ... then returns the blood to the body. The good HDL cholesterol is not removed. ...
Blood Transfusion during Dialysis - pg.2 | allnurses
We use contract dialysis nurses to come in and perform dialysis on our patients. I am reading through a chart today and I find ... Dialysis can not touch that fluid until the patient shifts it back into blood vessels. Sometimes the Dr will order 25% Albumen ... Blood Transfusion during Dialysis - page 2 NEW Product Directory for Nurses and Students ... We use contract dialysis nurses to come in and perform dialysis on our patients. I am reading through a chart today and I find ...
Blood Pressure in Dialysis Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
What blood pressure (BP) measurements e.g., routine dialysis unit BP (RDUBPM), standardized dialysis unit BP (SDUBPM), ... Treatment to a pre-dialysis standardized dialysis unit systolic blood pressure of 110-140 mm Hg ... Blood Pressure in Dialysis Patients (BID). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study ... Hypertension Renal Failure Chronic Requiring Hemodialysis Blood Pressure Dialysis Drug: Antihypertensive Agents Other: Dry ...
Assessing Blood Pressure Control in Dialysis Patients | Hypertension
Assessing Blood Pressure Control in Dialysis Patients. Finally a Step Forward. Keith Hopkins, George L. Bakris ... Davenport A, Cox C, Thuraisingham R. Achieving blood pressure targets during dialysis improves control but increases ... The association between blood pressure and mortality in ESRD-not different from the general population? Semin Dial. 2007; 20: ... Location not quantity of blood pressure measurements predicts mortality in hemodialysis patients. Am J Nephrol. 2008; 28: 210- ...
Blood Pressure and Peritoneal Dialysis - DaVita
Peritoneal dialysis is a renal replacement therapy performed daily that may help control blood pressure. ... Without proper treatment, high blood pressure (hypertension) can cause complications for a person with kidney disease. ... Blood pressure in chronic kidney disease patients is important to monitor. ... High blood pressure and dialysis. Most patients are on blood pressure lowering medications when they first start dialysis for ...
Four million euro to develop new blood vessels for kidney dialysis
Project leader Patricia Dankers intends to develop materials for new autologous blood vessels for kidney dialysis, leading to ... The new blood vessels are autologous, which means it should lead to far fewer complications than the present techniques, which ... TU/e together with UMC Utrecht and the TU/e spin-off Xeltis are developing a new way to generate an autologous blood vessel ... The tubes are inserted by means of operations, and will immediately be able to act as blood vessels. The aim is then that the ...
Kidney Dialysis: Cleaning Your Blood When Your Kidneys Fail
Home , Kidney Dialysis: Cleaning Your Blood When Your Kidneys Fail. Kidney Dialysis: Cleaning Your Blood When Your Kidneys Fail ... you must have dialysis on a regular basis to keep your blood clear of toxins. There are two basic types of kidney dialysis: ... Kidney dialysis is a process that helps filter impurities out of your blood if your kidneys are not able to do the job on their ... Your kidneys also help control your blood pressure.. You may need dialysis if you develop end stage kidney failure, which means ...
Central Blood Volume in Hypotensive Dialysis Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Central Blood Volume in Hypotensive Dialysis Patients. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility ... Registration of Central Blood Volume in Hypotensive Dialysis Patients - a Comparison of Thoracic Impedance and Central Venous ... The purpose of the study is to test whether hypotensive episodes during dialysis - caused by withdrawal of fluid drom the ...
Awak Portable Peritoneal Dialysis for Better Life, Cleaner Blood | Medgadget
Contemporary peritoneal dialysis machines are large and heavy, keeping them stationary in a world turning rapidly mobile. ... Awak Portable Peritoneal Dialysis for Better Life, Cleaner Blood. August 19th, 2011 Editors News ... Contemporary peritoneal dialysis machines are large and heavy, keeping them stationary in a world turning rapidly mobile. ... out Singapore has unveiled a wearable dialysis machine the size of a womans purse that may fundamentally change life for ...
Technique Keeps Blood from Touching Catheter's Surface to Make Dialysis Safer | Medgadget
... such as those used during dialysis, have a nasty tendency of getting fouled up with proteins and bacterial deposits. Not only ... Technique Keeps Blood from Touching Catheters Surface to Make Dialysis Safer. July 25th, 2018 Editors Critical Care, Medicine ... Because no blood actually comes in contact with the catheter, protein buildup is prevented. Additionally, any proteins that do ... The method is called water-infused surface protection (WISP) and it results in a layer of pure, blood-free fluid gliding on the ...
First Major Mistake, Pt didn't get blood, I'm so Afraid - Dialysis / Renal / Urology - allnurses
This morning I received a call from the clinical nurse manager asking questions about a patient receiving a blood transfusion ... I know that I should have called hemo about the blood being given in Dialysis.back to verify that the patient received blood ... The dialysis nurse never even mentioned the order to transfused nor the hgb she got that morning nor that there was blood ... So easy to give the blood while in dialysis. Also the MD needed to order a PICC line or some other form of access for IV fluids ...
Global Dialysis - Blood transfusions - very different from the Bollywood version
Recently someone on dialysis who had a low hemoglobin was advised by his doctor to take a blood transfusion. Innocently he ... Dialysis book shop. About dialysis for dialysis users. Recipees and cookery. Dialysis nursing. About Global Dialysis. Our story ... Types of dialysis. Dialysis glossary. Diet and nutrition. Drugs used in renal care. Costs of dialysis. Travel advice. Dialysis ... User guide for dialysis users. Review dialysis centres. Dialysis user information resources. Book store. For dialysis centres. ...
Kidney Dialysis - procedure, test, blood, tube, adults, time, infection, medication
Peritoneal dialysis In peritoneal dialysis, the patients peritoneum, or lining of the abdomen, acts as a blood filter. A ... When going to a new dialysis center do they test your blood for HIV or do they just use your blood work from your old center? ... since their last dialysis run. Regular blood tests monitor chemical and waste levels in the blood. Prior to treatment, patients ... Monthly blood tests to check the levels of urea, a waste product, help to determine the adequacy of the dialysis prescription. ...
Effects of end ‐stage renal disease and dialysis modalities on blood ammonia level
Earlier studies have shown a strong correlation between breath ammonia and blood urea levels and a 10‐fold reduction in breath ... immediately before and after dialysis), 14 peritoneal dialysis patients, and 10 healthy controls. Blood levels of ammonia, ... Effects of end ‐stage renal disease and dialysis modalities on blood ammonia level. *. ... More News: Chronic Kidney Disease , Dialysis , Hematology , Hemodialysis , Peritoneal Dialysis , Respiratory Medicine , Study ...
Bioengineered blood vessel appears safe for dialysis patients
Man-made blood vessels developed by researchers at Duke University, Yale University and the tissue engineering company Humacyte ... appear to be both safe and more durable than commonly used synthetic versions in patients undergoing kidney dialysis, the ... Bioengineered blood vessel appears safe for dialysis patients. by Sarah Avery, Duke University ... medicalxpress.com/news/2016-05-bioengineered-blood-vessel-safe-dialysis.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from ...
Global Dialysis - Blood Pressure on Dialysis: How low is too low?
... my Blood Pressure (BP) would skyrocket. I was put on a potent... ... Like most other folks on dialysis, when I was initially ... Blood Pressure on Dialysis: How low is too low? Written by Kamal Shah ... Like most other folks on dialysis, when I was initially diagnosed with kidney disease, my Blood Pressure (BP) would skyrocket. ... Coming back to the BP, I often do 80/50 pre-dialysis and 90/60 post dialysis without any symptoms of hypotension. So, I have ...
Frontiers | Calcium homeostasis in red blood cells of dialysis patients in dependence of erythropoietin treatment | Physiology
... whereas the dialysis procedure itself led in average to an even slightly decreased RBCs Ca2+ content (Paschen et al., 1971; ... Previous studies provided evidence for a massively increased intracellular Ca2+ concentration in red blood cells (RBCs) of ... Calcium homeostasis in red blood cells of dialysis patients in dependence of erythropoietin treatment ... Calcium homeostasis in red blood cells of dialysis patients in dependence of erythropoietin treatment. Jue Wang1, Kai van ...
Blood Dialysis/ Hemodialysis/Сельское хозяйство и пищевая промышленность Китай
Dialysis is the artificial process of eliminating waste (diffusion) and unwanted water (ultrafiltration) from the blood. Our ... plasmapheresis method is to flow a patients blood into the plasma exchange device, and discard the plasma containing a large ... they may need dialysis. http://www.yumeiid.com/ ...
Dialysate White Blood Cell Change after Initial Antibiotic Treatment Represented the Patterns of Response in Peritoneal...
"Disease severity score could not predict the outcomes in peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis," Nephrology Dialysis ... B. Piraino, "Peritonitis as a complication of peritoneal dialysis," Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 9, no. ... The Mid-European Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Study Group (MEPPS)," Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 10, no ... C.-C. Szeto, K.-M. Chow, B. C.-H. Kwan et al., "Staphylococcus aureus peritonitis complicates peritoneal dialysis: review of ...
CN103877634B - A blood dialysis apparatus and blood dialyzer - Google Patents
CN103877634B - A blood dialysis apparatus and blood dialyzer - Google Patents. A blood dialysis apparatus and blood dialyzer ... A blood dialysis apparatus and blood dialyzer Applications Claiming Priority (1). Application Number. Priority Date. Filing ... Hollow yarn membrane used for blood purification and blood purifier US20080000828A1 (en) 2008-01-03. High-Flux Dialysis ... CN 201410083974 2014-03-10 2014-03-10 A blood dialysis apparatus and blood dialyzer CN103877634B (en) Priority Applications (1) ...
How should a person on dialysis control high blood pressure?
He has been undergoing regular dialysis at least once weekly for the last two years. His recent laboratory tests reveal: blood ... His blood pressure target is 120/75 mmHg, however, it remains high. Please advise ,b,what blood pressure medicines he should ... His body weight pre-dialysis is 63 kg and post-dialysis is 61 Kg. Ideally, it should be 58 kg. He is taking the following ... Urea creatinine is 8 and haemoglobin is 8. some months ago, it had gone down to 6 and he had to be given 4 units of blood ...
Decreased cerebral blood flow and improved cognitive function in patients with end-stage renal disease after peritoneal...
CBF cerebral blood flow, ESRD end-stage renal disease, PD peritoneal dialysis, MNI Montreal Neurological Institute, NC normal ... ESRD end-stage renal disease, PD peritoneal dialysis, BMI body mass index, Hct haematocrit, BUN blood urea nitrogen, EGFR ... Jiang XL, Wen JQ, Zhang LJ et al (2016) Cerebral blood flow changes in hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients: an ... Mathew RJ, Rabin P, Stone WJ, Wilson WH (1985) Regional cerebral blood flow in dialysis encephalopathy and primary degenerative ...
Response to Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Treating Blood Pressure on Cardiovascular Outcomes of Dialysis Patients |...
Response to Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Treating Blood Pressure on Cardiovascular Outcomes of Dialysis Patients. Rajiv ... Response to Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Treating Blood Pressure on Cardiovascular Outcomes of Dialysis Patients ... Response to Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Treating Blood Pressure on Cardiovascular Outcomes of Dialysis Patients ... Response to Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Treating Blood Pressure on Cardiovascular Outcomes of Dialysis Patients ...
Upper Extremity Arteriovenous Dialysis Fistula Resulting in Cavernous Sinus Arterialized Blood Flow | American Journal of...
Upper Extremity Arteriovenous Dialysis Fistula Resulting in Cavernous Sinus Arterialized Blood Flow. R.R. Watson and C. Russo ... Upper Extremity Arteriovenous Dialysis Fistula Resulting in Cavernous Sinus Arterialized Blood Flow ... Upper Extremity Arteriovenous Dialysis Fistula Resulting in Cavernous Sinus Arterialized Blood Flow ... Upper Extremity Arteriovenous Dialysis Fistula Resulting in Cavernous Sinus Arterialized Blood Flow ...
Global Blood Dialysis Machine Market by type, product, delivery mode, end-user - forecast to 2026 - PharmiWeb.com
This report offers Blood Dialysis Machine market details based on market analysis from 2021-2026 and the forecast Blood D... ... This Global Blood Dialysis Machine Market provides an all encompassing update market statistics, trends, and growth scenario. ... Global Blood Dialysis Machine Report conducts a deep study of the potential buyers, market scope, Blood Dialysis Machine ... Reasons for Buying this Blood Dialysis Machine Report. 1. Blood Dialysis Machine market report assists in understanding the ...
Blood Pressure Measurement and Dialysis - Blog @ SunTech - SunTech Medical
... is one of the most common complications of dialysis treatment. ... or a sudden drop in BP during dialysis, ... In hemodialysis, this is done by pumping a patients blood through a dialyzer where the blood is cleansed, and the clean blood ... Achieving blood pressure targets during dialysis improves control but increases intradialytic hypotension. Kidney International ... Dialysis is a medical treatment that performs the job of well-functioning kidneys in ridding the body of waste and helping it ...
Blood in urine of a dialysis patient - Doctor answers
Thakur on blood in urine of a dialysis patient: Blood in the urine can be due to a number of issues - both benign and malignant ... If you do have blood in the urine, it needs to be evaluated by a urologist as soon as possible. ... Blood In Urine (Definition) Hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine. When you can see the blood, its called gross ... Red blood cells.: This is the same as red blood cells in urine. This should be confirmed by a microscopic look at the urine. ...
Types of dialysisAvoid dialysisPost dialysisTreatmentsHypertensionType of dialysisSystolicTransplantationCentersAmong Dialysis patientsComplicationsDialyzerHigh blood pressure in dialysis paDialysateUltrafiltrationPatients initiating peritonePatient's bloodTreatmentArtificialCAPDRegular dialysisStart dialysisReceive dialysisStage renal diseaseProcedureRenal functionSymptomsPeritoneal Dialysis InternationalCatheterChronic kidneyFistulaClinicalTransplantsGlucoseCourse of DialysisTherapyMicro-Chinese Medicine OsmotherapyCreatinineHospitalPeople with kidneyESRDHypotensionExtracorporealMachineOutcomes
Types of dialysis5
- There are two types of dialysis treatment: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- 这三类透析膜在生物相容性、水通透性、尿毒症毒素清除等方面均有较大的区别。 These three types of (google.com)
- Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are the types of dialysis. (medindia.net)
- The study did not identify such negative outcomes for other types of dialysis given to children prior to surgery, such as peritoneal dialysis, which uses the patient's peritoneum in the abdomen as a membrane across which fluids and dissolved substances, including electrolytes and urea, are exchanged with the blood. (healthcanal.com)
- However, there are two different types of dialysis that can be performed, which are hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, relates Medical News Today. (reference.com)
- However, more and more patients want to avoid dialysis. (kidney-cares.org)
- Besides, it is possible for you to avoid dialysis. (kidney-cares.org)
- In this way, you can stay away from end stage kidney disease and avoid dialysis. (kidney-cares.org)
- When your renal function is improved, you can reduce or even avoid dialysis. (kidney-cares.org)
- If they can't avoid dialysis, then they need to minimize length of dialysis and to expedite transplantation as quickly as possible. (healthcanal.com)
- Coming back to the BP, I often do 80/50 pre-dialysis and 90/60 post dialysis without any symptoms of hypotension. (globaldialysis.com)
- His body weight pre-dialysis is 63 kg and post-dialysis is 61 Kg. (ndtv.com)
- A patient on maintenance dialysis therapy cycles from post-dialysis weight (ideally achieving a pre-determined "dry weight") into accumulating fluid based on the balance of intake and loss from residual renal function, insensible loss (skin and gut) and of course, next dialysis treatment. (renalandurologynews.com)
- It is usually determined by successively decreasing the post-dialysis weight until clinical symptoms or intradialytic hypotension occur. (renalandurologynews.com)
- About 20 samples were collected from predialysis patients, 22 samples were collected from patients undergoing dialysis and 22 samples were collected from post dialysis patients. (scialert.net)
- The samples were subjected to antioxidant enzyme analysis followed by flow cytometric and immunoflouroscence studies HO-1 expression was found to be elevated in all the dialysis conditions but higher elevation was observed in post dialysis patients. (scialert.net)
- In fact, symptoms of low blood pressure are common after hemodialysis treatments. (davita.com)
- It is interesting to note that high blood pressure is less common in hemodialysis patients who get daily treatments, such as those on home hemodialysis (HHD) . (davita.com)
- As of December 31, 2000, in the United States, over 275,000 people were undergoing regular dialysis treatments to manage their ESRD. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- One reason: patients on dialysis are routinely excluded from clinical trials, which test utility and safety of treatments, says Konstantinos Siontis, M.D., first author of new research in Circulation. (umich.edu)
- We are proud to be leading the way in designing the future of life-sustaining dialysis treatments. (fmcna.com)
- We are hopeful this new system will help eliminate the reliance on heparin during dialysis to improve treatments for most patients," said Dr. Robert Kossmann, chief medical officer for FMCNA. (fmcna.com)
- The present study examined copper-related blood indexes in subjects undergoing hemodialysis treatments with membranes that are not copper-based, in subjects undergoing chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), and in control subjects. (elsevier.com)
- New treatments alternatives to dialysis and kidney transplant " Know your treatment option before you start. (kidney-cares.org)
- Here are some things that might be causing this and ways you can get more comfortable when you go in for your dialysis treatments. (davita.com)
- So it is necessary for the CKD patients to seek effective treatments to control the low blood pressure. (kidneyabc.com)
- Besides, it is a good choice for you to receive some Chinese medicine treatments during dialysis, because they can help you remit or avoid the side effect of dialysis and get better effect. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
- A vein access, also known as a vascular access, is needed to move blood between your body and the dialysis machine during hemodialysis treatments. (cdc.gov)
- Watch the Speak Up Video and ask questions during your dialysis treatments. (cdc.gov)
- If this is not an option, then people may need to receive dialysis treatments for the rest of their lives, according to the National Kidney Foundation. (reference.com)
- Patient Philippe Ouaknine said dialysis treatments, which often took several hours every other day, kept him from working and seeing his family. (cbc.ca)
- Although studies in the general population have demonstrated a continuous reduction in CV risk with each mmHg drop in systolic blood pressure (SBP), multiple observational studies conducted in hemodialysis (HD) patients have demonstrated that patients with mild to moderate hypertension may have decreased mortality compared to those with normal blood pressure (BP). (clinicaltrials.gov)
- A recent review to assess when BP should be measured in ESRD patients notes that peridialysis BP measurements are adequate for evaluating dialysis-related hemodynamic stability, but home BP readings are superior to diagnose hypertension. (ahajournals.org)
- They used a method of hypertension control through a systematic and gradual increase in volume removal by hemodialysis with a close monitoring of dialysis-related adverse effects. (ahajournals.org)
- Elevated blood pressure (BP), also known as hypertension , is common in modern day society. (davita.com)
- Approximately 30 percent of adult Americans are believed to have hypertension when defined as a blood pressure greater than 140 (systolic - the top number is the pressure when the heart pumps blood out) over 90 (diastolic - the bottom number is the pressure when the heart relaxes before the next beat). (davita.com)
- This definition of hypertension reading greater than 140/90 is based on two or more doctor's office blood pressure measurements after an initial screening while a patient is off blood pressure medicine . (davita.com)
- Defining when rising blood pressure becomes hypertension is important, because having this condition raises the risk of serious complications, such as strokes, heart attacks and premature death. (davita.com)
- Reducing blood pressure in patients with hypertension reduces the risks of such events. (davita.com)
- With the rising awareness and prevalence of hypertension among the general population, you might think that blood pressure (BP) control is an important issue for hemodialysis patients. (suntechmed.com)
- Does this dialysis patient have hypertension? (renalandurologynews.com)
- Despite the continuing uncertainty surrounding the applicability of data derived from the general population to dialysis patients, the current definition of hypertension for dialysis patients is based on the KDOQI target. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Finally, current clinical guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in hemodialysis patients are based on routine pre-dialysis systolic blood pressure. (renalandurologynews.com)
- A study in the July 7 issue of JAMA says that patients with hypertension, diabetes and coronary artery disease who maintained their systolic blood pressure at less than 130 mm Hg did not have improved cardiovascular outcomes compared to patients with usual blood pressure control. (medindia.net)
- High blood pressure or hypertension is defined as a blood pressure of above 140 mm Hg (systolic) and or 90mm Hg (diastolic). (medindia.net)
- 2 ] Although there is no accurate record on the prevalence of hypertension among Iranian dialysis patients, considering this remarkable evidence from the United States population, it is expected that hypertension contributes significantly too among dialysis patients in the Iranian population. (amhsr.org)
Type of dialysis4
- If you have questions about your kidney function or the type of dialysis that is right for you, talk to your health care provider. (empowher.com)
- Hemodialysis is the most frequently prescribed type of dialysis treatment in the United States. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- The study's authors said the findings suggest that, as is the case in adults, whenever possible, children should not be placed on a certain type of dialysis prior to transplantation. (healthcanal.com)
- Your doctor can help you decide the best type of dialysis for you. (news-medical.net)
- Routine dialysis unit systolic blood pressure measurements have significant limitations. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Despite the significant rise in hematocrit, both systolic and diastolic blood pressure values remained virtually unchanged. (asnjournals.org)
- Little is known about the behavior of systolic blood pressure (SBP) during hemodialysis. (nih.gov)
- In addition, data on arterial systolic-diastolic blood pressure, BUN, creatinine, and urea reduction ratio were collected prior to and after hemodialysis. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
- There are two lines corresponding to the systolic (top) and diastolic (bottom) blood pressures. (wordpress.com)
- Dr Wilkins summed these up by stating if one drug causes a 10 mmHg drop in the systolic blood pressure it is hailed as a miracle drug. (wordpress.com)
- Enterococcal peritonitis in Australian peritoneal dialysis patients: predictors, treatment and outcomes in 116 cases," Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation , vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 1272-1278, 2010. (hindawi.com)
- CKD stage 5, which requires dialysis or renal transplantation, is known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD). (springer.com)
- It includes the utility of other tests of glycemic control in this population, including fructosamine and GA as presented in this issue of Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation . (deepdyve.com)
- The study, "The Effect of Pre-transplant Dialysis Modality and Duration on Long-term Outcomes of Children Receiving Renal Transplants," is published online in the journal Transplantation . (healthcanal.com)
- It is always best to minimize the time on dialysis prior to kidney transplantation," Perez said. (healthcanal.com)
- Liver dialysis, currently, is only considered to be a bridge to transplantation or liver regeneration (in the case of acute liver failure) and, unlike kidney dialysis (for kidney failure), cannot support a patient for an extended period of time (months to years). (wikipedia.org)
- Writing in Wednesday's Journal of the American Medical Assn., Dr. Jackson Wright Jr. of Case Western said black patients are six times more likely than whites to develop end-stage kidney disease, a condition that leaves patients with few options other than dialysis and kidney transplantation. (latimes.com)
- The practice is specializing in treating patients with kidney disease including home dialysis and in-center dialysis, medical management of patients after kidney transplantation and patient with difficult to treat high blood pressure. (charlestonnephrology.org)
- The European Renal Association - European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) is a organisation for clinicians and scientists in nephrology, dialysis, renal transplantation and related areas. (wikipedia.org)
- The organisation publishes two scientific journals, NDT - Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation and CKJ - Clinical Kidney Journal, a newsletter, Follow Us, and an online newsletter, ERA-EDTA Flash. (wikipedia.org)
- I love to travel and do short weekend trips or longer trips to places which have dialysis centers. (globaldialysis.com)
- It is a great holiday destination and has two very good dialysis centers. (globaldialysis.com)
- 5 In an extensive audit of dialysis centers in London, achievement of these recommended BP targets is linked to a higher incidence of intradialytic hypotension, or a sudden drop in BP during dialysis, one of the most common complications of treatment. (suntechmed.com)
- This cross-sectional study was conducted on 120 patients with dialysis in three dialysis centers in Tehran, Iran. (amhsr.org)
- Vitamin D levels were measured by dialysis centers every three months for a year. (amhsr.org)
- Also, the centers recorded blood pressure after each dialysis session. (amhsr.org)
- Why is it cold at dialysis centers? (davita.com)
- There are many reasons why chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on dialysis may find they feel cold at their dialysis centers. (davita.com)
- Issues such as season change, lack of warm attire, sitting under an air conditioning vent or even your physical or medical condition may be why you find dialysis centers on the colder side. (davita.com)
Among Dialysis patients2
- There are a variety of other medication categories used to lower blood pressure in kidney patients, since people with kidney disease seem to be at even higher risk of complications if high blood pressure is not properly treated. (davita.com)
- Nov. 18, 2010 -- Pomegranate juice has been touted for years as having many health benefits, and now a new study says it can ward off a number of complications in kidney disease patients on dialysis . (webmd.com)
- The researchers say their findings suggest that pomegranate juice taken in controlled amounts with monitoring of potassium content may help reduce complications in dialysis patients. (webmd.com)
- Our Chinese Medicine can decrease the complications of dialysis and improve the life quality of patients. (kidneyhospitalabroad.com)
- And if you are bothered by such complications of dialysis and want to get some suggestions from us, you can contact our online doctors, leave us messages or send email to [email protected] , we will reply you within 24 hours. (kidneyhospitalabroad.com)
- Dialysis will cause various complications. (kidneyhospitalchina.org)
- If dialysis can be replaced, your low blood pressure and other complications will disappear. (kidneyhospitalchina.org)
- Cardiovascular complications are the most common cause of death in dialysis patients. (amhsr.org)
- As a result, cardiovascular complications are the commonest cause of mortality in the pediatric dialysis population. (springer.com)
- In this way, complications including low blood pressure, swelling, infection and muscle cramps can all be relieved radically. (kidney-cares.org)
- 210-90 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to a system for continuously supplying dialysis fluid to a blood dialyzer and, more particularly, to a system providing automatic control and monitoring of the system to minimize the dangers to the patient of malfunction of the distribution system and to minimize the attention required by the operator of the system. (google.com)
- As an example of hemodialysis treatment, the patients blood may be circulated through the dialyzer for a period of five or six hours and this treatment may be repeated two or three times a week. (google.com)
- During this treatment, it is very important to continuously circulate through the dialyzer a dialysis fluid of precisely controlled temperature and concentration. (google.com)
- Two needles are inserted into the patient's vein, or access site, and are attached to the ECC, which consists of plastic blood tubing, a filter known as a dialyzer (artificial kidney), and a dialysis machine that monitors and maintains blood flow and administers dialysate. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- There are two compartments within the dialyzer (the blood compartment and the dialysate compartment). (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- In hemodialysis, this is done by pumping a patient's blood through a dialyzer where the blood is cleansed, and the clean blood is returned to the patient. (suntechmed.com)
- In Hemodialysis, blood is removed from the body and filtered through a man-made membrane called a dialyzer, or artificial kidney, and then the filtered blood is returned to the body. (farmasolusa.com)
- To perform hemodialysis there needs to be an access port to get the blood from the body to the dialyzer and back to the body. (farmasolusa.com)
- The dialysis process sends your blood through the dialyzer, filters out waste and toxins and then sends the clean blood back into your body. (davita.com)
- A hemodialysis machine pumps blood from the patient, through a dialyzer, and then back into the patient. (justia.com)
- The dialyzer removes the toxins and water from the blood by a membrane diffusion process. (justia.com)
High blood pressure in dialysis pa2
- The occurrence rate of high blood pressure in dialysis patients is 80-90%, and 10-20% of patients experience high blood pressure during dialysis treatment. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
- The causes for high blood pressure in dialysis patients can include high calcium dialysate, high sodium dialysis, low potassium, antihypertensive drugs are removed out of body, sympathetic nervous excitement, etc. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
- Through the use of a blood filter and a chemical solution known as dialysate, the treatment removes waste products and excess fluids from the bloodstream, while maintaining the proper chemical balance of the blood. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- Dialysate is a chemical bath that is used to draw waste products out of the blood. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- As blood is pushed through the blood compartment in one direction, suction or vacuum pressure pulls the dialysate through the dialysate compartment in a countercurrent, or opposite direction. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- A second process called diffusion moves waste products in the blood across the membrane and into the dialysate compartment, where they are carried out of the body. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- At the same time, electrolytes and other chemicals in the dialysate solution cross the membrane into the blood compartment. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- Predictive value of dialysate cell counts in peritonitis complicating peritoneal dialysis," Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology , vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 768-773, 2006. (hindawi.com)
- The dialysis machine is programmed to monitor the dialysate to be sure it is in the correct temperature range to ensure that it is not too hot. (davita.com)
- During dialysis, pressure forces fluid out of your body, into the dialysate, and down the drain. (kidney-cares.org)
- Several studies have found that sugar-free dialysate is easy to cause low blood sugar. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
- According the above introduction, the causes of low blood sugar after dialysis are sugar-free dialysate, malnutrition, dialysis. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
- Dialysis is the artificial process of eliminating waste (diffusion) and unwanted water (ultrafiltration) from the blood. (kitairu.net)
- Ultrafiltration is an effective way to achieve EDW and lower blood pressure. (renalandurologynews.com)
- Higher ultrafiltration volume and rate each are associated with greater SBP at the start of dialysis and more rapid early and late SBP decreases. (nih.gov)
- It is imperative that children's dialysis prescriptions include sufficient dialysis frequency and ultrafiltration to minimize chronic fluid overload. (springer.com)
- Turning down the rate of ultrafiltration near the end of treatment can help prevent low blood pressure. (kidney-cares.org)
- to those patients whose weight increases too much or who has intolerance to ultrafiltration, prolonging dialysis time and increasing dialysis frequency may be helpful. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
Patients initiating peritone1
- The treatment involves circulating the patient's blood outside of the body through an extracorporeal circuit (ECC), or dialysis circuit. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- plasmapheresis method is to flow a patient's blood into the plasma exchange device, and discard the plasma containing a large number of isolated au. (kitairu.net)
- Hemodialysis therapy is an extracorporeal (i.e., outside the body) process which removes toxins and water from a patient's blood. (justia.com)
- Single pass albumin dialysis (SPAD) is a simple method of albumin dialysis using standard renal replacement therapy machines without an additional perfusion pump system: The patient's blood flows through a circuit with a high-flux hollow fiber hemodiafilter, identical to that used in the MARS system. (wikipedia.org)
- The first circuit consists of human serum albumin, is in contact with the patient's blood through a semipermeable membrane and has two filters to clean the albumin after it has absorbed toxins from the patient's blood. (wikipedia.org)
- The second circuit consists of a hemodialysis machine and is used to clean the albumin in the first circuit, before it is recirculated to the semipermeable membrane in contact with the patient's blood. (wikipedia.org)
- Washington, March 3 (ANI): Loyola University Medical Center is offering a treatment called LDL apheresis, which is similar to kidney dialysis, for patients who have been unable to control cholesterol with lifestyle changes and medications. (yahoo.com)
- Continued treatment with appropriate medications can usually control blood pressure and often will slow down the progression of kidney disease . (davita.com)
- As you might expect, the blood pressure also tends to be highest in the hours before a hemodialysis treatment and lowest afterwards. (davita.com)
- Treatment Methods for Kidney Failure: Peritoneal Dialysis. (empowher.com)
- Also, dialysis may be used in the treatment of patients suffering from poisoning or overdose in order to quickly remove drugs from the bloodstream. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- Most hemodialysis patients require treatment three times a week, for an average of three to four hours per dialysis 'run. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- If patients were under EPO treatment, the last EPO administration was within 5 days of blood sampling. (frontiersin.org)
- F. Scharfer, G. Klaus, D. E. Müller-Wiefel, and O. Mehls, "Intermittent versus continuous intraperitoneal glycopeptide/ceftazidime treatment in children with peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis. (hindawi.com)
- Treatment of renal anemia with recombinant human erythropoietin (rEPO) frequently raises arterial blood pressure. (asnjournals.org)
- SBP at the onset of dialysis and its rate of change (slope) over the first 25% and latter 75% of the treatment interval. (nih.gov)
- Intradialytic SBP can be characterized using 3 parameters: value at the start of dialysis and slopes during the first 25% and latter 75% of treatment. (nih.gov)
- Therefore, at any given time during treatment you have about half a liter of blood in tubes, outside of the body. (markpatterson.net)
- The blood is cycled through over a period of hours, and during a dialysis treatment, quite a lot of fluid is removed from the body, anywhere from one to four liters, sometimes more. (markpatterson.net)
- A person on dialysis loses anywhere from two to ten pounds during treatment. (markpatterson.net)
- A person on dialysis (my wife liked the term "dialyser" instead of "dialysis patient") has this done anywhere from three to six times per week, for as many as four to eight hours per treatment. (markpatterson.net)
- So, every single treatment they are seeing their blood in a tube. (markpatterson.net)
- But creatinine level may elevate again after a period of dialysis treatment. (kidney-cares.org)
- In order to lower down high creatinine level without dialysis, the radical treatment should be Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy which is an external application based on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). (kidney-cares.org)
- The accurate diagnosis can be a powerful guarantee for the kidney disease treatment While the accurate dialysis needs the support from the advanced medical inspection equipments which achieve world-class level. (kidney-support.org)
- To dialysis treatment, you must have some questions to ask, right? (kidneyhospitalabroad.com)
- Ozone Therapy or Ozone Treatment involves delivering the powerful healing effects of ozone to the cells of your body, where it eradicates pathogens, bacteria, viruses, mold, fungi and yeast on contact, cleans your blood and tissues and breaks down fats, while oxygenating and delivering nutrients. (ozonetreatmentcenter.com)
- Well then, what is the cause and treatment for hypotension in dialysis? (kidneyhospitalchina.org)
- The above gives you causes and treatment of low blood pressure in dialysis. (kidneyhospitalchina.org)
- Substantial distress and delay to therapy can be caused to children undergoing haemodialysis when the central venous lines (CVLs), by which their treatment is delivered, are blocked by blood clots. (ncl.ac.uk)
- Stopping dialysis treatment can be the great wish for every Kidney Failure patients. (scoop.it)
- Dialysis is a treatment for Kidney Failure patients that mainly uses a machine to cleanse their blood. (scoop.it)
- However, one of concerned questions among patients is how to avoid low blood pressure during the treatment. (scoop.it)
- After a period of treatment, you will find your kidney function improves and then you won't worry about the coming dialysis. (kidney-cares.org)
- Patients who go to their dialysis center during the summertime may arrive wearing their light summer clothing, forgetting to bundle up for their treatment. (davita.com)
- If you have a graft or fistula in your upper or lower arm or your leg, or a catheter in your chest, your access area is exposed during your dialysis treatment. (davita.com)
- Thus, it is vital to know the cause of low blood pressure in dialysis and take timely treatment. (kidney-cares.org)
- Second, what is the treatment for low blood pressure during dialysis? (kidney-cares.org)
- High-efficiency convective therapies, such as online hemodiafiltration (HDF), are claimed to be superior to high-flux hemodialysis (HF-HD) in improving the dialysis efficacy, but treatment efficacy is strongly related to blood flow rate and infusion volumes. (elsevier.com)
- Dialysis is regarded as the common treatment for kidney failure patients, while most people who require hemodialysis have a variety of health problems. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
- If you have high blood pressure problem in dialysis treatment, the following information can be helpful. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
- Nowadays more and more dialysis patients want to stop the treatment due to many factors including various dialysis problems, while repairing kidney damage and recovering renal function becomes the best way. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
- Dialysis is the most commonly treatment to treat kidney disease, which is used to prolong life expectancy in the extent. (kidneyfailureweb.com)
- In order to avoid high blood pressure and itchy feeling,Chinese therapies may help you to relieve your conditions.If you are interested in our therapies such as Hot Compress Therapy , Blood Pollution Therapy and so on,email to kidney[email protected] with patient's information and our experts give you a reply with specific guidance for free. (kidney-treatment.org)
- Liver dialysis is a detoxification treatment for liver failure and has shown promise for patients with hepatorenal syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
- As albumin dialysis is a costly procedure, financial aspects are important: For a seven-hour treatment with MARS, approximately €300 for 600 ml human serum albumin solution (20%), €1740 for a MARS treatment kit and €125 for disposables used by the dialysis machine have to be spent. (wikipedia.org)
- The treatment for two consecutive days for more than four hours significantly improved serum levels of conjugated bilirubin, bile acids, ammonia, cholinesterase, creatinine, urea and blood pH. (wikipedia.org)
- Learn about the dialysis process and know what to expect during treatment. (cdc.gov)
- If you have a central line catheter, ask staff if you can use a fistula or graft for your dialysis treatment. (cdc.gov)
- What is a dialysis treatment? (reference.com)
- Besides removing waste and toxins from the blood, a dialysis treatment performs other functions like regulating blood pressure and maintaining the correct levels of minerals like potassium. (reference.com)
- The treatment entails pumping a solution called dialystate through the catheter to draw out the waste and toxins from the blood. (reference.com)
- Renal hemodialysis is a recurrent treatment intended to scrub harmful waste products out of the bloodstream and maintain a healthy blood chemistry. (reference.com)
- Unless you have a kidney transplant, you will need a treatment called dialysis. (news-medical.net)
- The artificial vessel had thus been incorporated by the recipient's body and resembled and functioned like a natural blood vessel. (news-medical.net)
- In this procedure, a machine called a hemodialyzer functions as an artificial kidney to remove toxins from your blood. (empowher.com)
- Dialysis is a life-extending procedure that, for most patients with kidney failure, involves sitting in a chair three or more times a week connected to an artificial kidney machine. (healthcanal.com)
- In hemodialysis, your blood is cycled through an artificial kidney, which means that you have blood taken out, cleaned, and returned back in. (markpatterson.net)
- Dialysis is an artificial process for removing excess water and waste from the blood. (medindia.net)
- This new easy-to-clean upholstery covered by blood resistant artificial leather which is resistant to disinfectants, blood and urine too. (digiterm.hu)
- Artificial detoxification devices currently under clinical evaluation include the Single Pass Albumin Dialysis (SPAD), Molecular Adsorbent Recirculating System (MARS)®, Prometheus system, and Dialive. (wikipedia.org)
- The Kidney Project, a national effort to develop an implantable bio-artificial kidney that could eliminate the need for dialysis, will announce a key milestone in a November 7, 2019 presentation at the American Society of Nephrology Kidney Week 2019 conference in Washington, DC. (news-medical.net)
- Peritonitis-related deaths in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients," Peritoneal Dialysis International , vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 45-47, 1990. (hindawi.com)
- Bleeding observed at the exit site of the CAPD catheter was the most plausible cause of the blood loss. (happidoc.com)
- The localisation of the CAPD catheter through the vein caused the persistent blood loss. (happidoc.com)
- At six-month follow-up, the patient was well and with no evidence of blood loss due to the CAPD catheter. (happidoc.com)
- Home hemodialysis decreased in use with the wide availability of facility-based dialysis and introduction of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- The HEMO and Ademex studies did not show improvement in outcomes by the increasing Kt/V urea in the thrice weekly dialysis or CAPD. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- Most patients are on blood pressure lowering medications when they first start dialysis for kidney failure. (davita.com)
- The latest analysis points to the considerable survival difference in patients who start dialysis with an arteriovenous fistula or graft compared to patients who start dialysis with a cuffed catheter. (unboundmedicine.com)
- Your social worker can help you learn how to cope with stressful feelings and should speak with you when you start dialysis and at regular intervals after that. (kidney.org)
Stage renal disease5
- and Ravi Thadhani, MD (Massachusetts General Hospital), studied 1,671 end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients with a diagnosis of atrial fibrillation who started dialysis in clinics operated by Fresenius Medical Care North America. (eurekalert.org)
- 1 Poorly controlled blood pressure (BP), a major risk factor for CV events, also remains 1 of the 2 most common causes of chronic kidney disease and contributes to development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). (ahajournals.org)
- Coronary artery bypass grafting vs. drug-eluting stent implantation in patients with end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis. (medworm.com)
- A 36-year-old woman with a history of end stage renal disease, dialysis dependence, and left-arm arteriovenous (AV) fistula was hospitalized with vague abdominal pain and possible bowel obstruction. (ajnr.org)
- presented a case of a a 68-year-old female patient with a previous history of diabetes mellitus, myelodysplastic syndrome, extensive collateral varices, anaemia, and end stage renal disease due to obstructive uropathy caused by retroperitoneal fibrosis, who presented with persistent blood loss after the laparoscopic placement of a continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis catheter. (happidoc.com)
- It seems that you shouldn't be reviewing a chart where the main point of interest is the dialysis, seeing as you are not familiar with the procedure. (allnurses.com)
- I had six patients two going to procedures two going to procedure the following day having to obtain consent right site forms blood consents etcetera. (allnurses.com)
- With hypotensive episodes presenting in 7% of sessions to 15% of patients, BP monitoring during dialysis shows important value in this frequently-performed procedure. (suntechmed.com)
- 1. A method has been devised by which diffusible constituents may be removed from the blood of a living animal, which does not involve any procedure prejudicial to life. (aspetjournals.org)
- 7. Data as to the effect of the procedure on blood pressure are given. (aspetjournals.org)
- The procedure, the first US clinical trial to test the safety and effectiveness of the bioengineered blood vessel, is a milestone in the field of tissue engineering. (medindia.net)
- This procedure, called [haemodialysis], requires sufficient blood flow. (hirslanden.ch)
- The exciting news is that a cattle prod and a 25 minute procedure can reduce blood pressure by a massive 32 mmHg on average and it appears to work in almost everyone (so far). (wordpress.com)
- This cycle of cumulative "fluid overload" is exaggerated in patients that have lost urine output treated with intermittent hemodialysis therapy and is least problematic with patients treated by continuous peritoneal dialysis with residual renal function. (renalandurologynews.com)
- This is because dialysis can not repair kidney damage and improve renal function. (kidney-cares.org)
- When renal function is improved, it is possible to keep far away from dialysis. (kidneyhospitalchina.org)
- If you want to treat low blood pressure and avoid side effects from dialysis, you should repair your injured kidney tissues and improve your own renal function. (kidney-cares.org)
- Presents the signs and symptoms of blood glucose emergencies as well as hemodialysis emergencies and demonstrates techniques for managing them. (afca.ca)
- It can help patients relieve symptoms and improve life expectancy to a certain degree, at the same time, dialysis may cause other problems and discount the quality of life. (kidneyhospitalabroad.com)
Peritoneal Dialysis International1
- In peritoneal dialysis (PD), cleansing fluid called dialysis solution is poured into the peritoneal cavity through a soft tube known as a catheter. (empowher.com)
- Feasibility of resuming peritoneal dialysis after severe peritonitis and Tenckhoff catheter removal," Journal of the American Society of Nephrology , vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 1040-1045, 2002. (hindawi.com)
- Access to the blood usually comes in two ways: via a chest catheter, or via needles. (markpatterson.net)
- Ozone rectal insufflation via a catheter is excellent for killing harmful bacteria in the colon and reducing oxidative stress going into the blood system. (ozonetreatmentcenter.com)
- wherein the slots each have a length and a width, relative to the dimensions of the lumens and the rate of blood flow to be passed through the hemodialysis catheter, so as to minimize undesirable recirculation of dialyzed blood. (justia.com)
- The external portion of the catheter has connectors permitting attachment of blood lines leading to and from the hemodialysis machine. (justia.com)
- Peritoneal dialysis requires that a catheter be surgically implanted into the abdominal area. (reference.com)
- Glycated albumin and blood sugar control in advanced chronic kidney disease 2018-03-21 00:00:00 There remains concern in the nephrology community that results of the hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) assay for assessing glycemic control in diabetic patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) differ from those in patients without kidney disease. (deepdyve.com)
- She assists the doctors in following dialysis patients, hospital and ICU nephrology rounds and in following office patients with chronic kidney disease. (charlestonnephrology.org)
- Arterialized blood flow in the cavernous sinus may result from carotid-cavernous fistula or dural venous fistula. (ajnr.org)
- This abnormal flow originated from an upper extremity dialysis arteriovenous fistula in the presence of central venous occlusion. (ajnr.org)
- The process is to push a needle into the access point - the fistula - and you know you have it right when blood pops into the attached tube. (markpatterson.net)
- One time Jenny developed an aneurysm, a bubble-like swelling, on the blood vessel in her fistula. (markpatterson.net)
- A dialysis fistula or dialysis shunt is a surgical 'bypass' (shunt) between an artery and a vein. (hirslanden.ch)
- The dialysis fistula is created in patients who need to be regularly attached to a dialysis machine due to terminal kidney failure (kidney insufficiency). (hirslanden.ch)
- The dialysis fistula is used to transport blood into the dialysis machine, where it is mechanically cleaned and then returned to the body. (hirslanden.ch)
- Once a dialysis fistula has been created, it can be punctured again later using a cannula whenever dialysis is required. (hirslanden.ch)
- The dialysis fistula is usually created in the patient's lower arm and is also known as a Cimino fistula. (hirslanden.ch)
- In such cases, it is necessary to create a new dialysis fistula. (hirslanden.ch)
- There has been a prolonged debate over whether single or 2-week averaged conventional dialysis center BP values are more accurate than single or 2-week averaged home monitor readings in predicting clinical outcomes in ESRD patients. (ahajournals.org)
- This morning I received a call from the clinical nurse manager asking questions about a patient receiving a blood transfusion in hemodialysis. (allnurses.com)
- Staphylococcus aureus peritonitis complicates peritoneal dialysis: review of 245 consecutive cases," Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology , vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 245-251, 2007. (hindawi.com)
- Furthermore, the authors highlight the relationship between BP control during dialysis and in daily life stating that "(i)t is important that clinical recommendations and/or targets are based on sound evidence and that if substantive proof is lacking, then potential adverse events are fully recognized. (suntechmed.com)
- The 2005 KDOQI Guidelines K/DOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines for Cardiovascular Disease in Dialysis Patients recommend reducing dietary sodium and ECFV as first steps in treating hypertensive dialysis patients. (renalandurologynews.com)
- When a test is ordered in a patient on dialysis, results are expected to have clinical utility and assist in management. (deepdyve.com)
- Although clinical trials have investigated use and outcomes of anticoagulants in atrial fibrillation, the most common form of heart arrhythmia, their findings cannot be applied to people on dialysis in the same way as other patients. (umich.edu)
- Siontis says the comorbidities and other worse outcomes associated with kidney failure and dialysis lead most researchers to exclude this population from clinical trials. (umich.edu)
- Background: Although hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) has been widely used as a clinical assessment tool for outcome analyses related to glycemic control, the relationship between HbA1c and average blood glucose (BG) specific to peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients with diabetes has not been characterized. (escholarship.org)
- However, current clinical assessments are not sufficient to optimize the target weight in children receiving dialysis for a number of reasons. (springer.com)
- To avoid a clinical status of underdialysis, these patients need long-lasting dialysis sessions. (elsevier.com)
- It is one of the largest-ever on outcomes in children whose kidney transplants took place prior to dialysis, known as pre-emptive transplants. (healthcanal.com)
- Of the transplants, 28 percent were pre-emptive, 38 percent involved pre-transplant hemodialysis and 34 percent involved peritoneal dialysis. (healthcanal.com)
- This apprehension stems from the markedly shorter red blood cell (RBC) life span in patients on dialysis and from the fact that hemoglobin, critical to formation of HbA1c, resides in RBCs and requires sufficient time to interact with glucose to form HbA1c. (deepdyve.com)
- However, the relationships between ambient blood glucose control and HbA1c differ markedly between populations with ESKD and those without nephropathy [2, (deepdyve.com)
- Describes common endocrine disorders, including high blood glucose, low blood glucose and diabetes. (afca.ca)
- Blood sugar level monitoring becomes one important part for people with Diabetes , and HbA1c is used for monitoring one's blood glucose as the most frequently used index. (kidney-support.org)
- Fingerstick devices are widely used for capillary-blood sampling for glucose monitoring in patients with diabetes. (cdc.gov)
- the results of which may show high levels of protein, glucose, and the presence of blood cells. (petmd.com)
- If you are diabetic and have good blood sugar control, your blood glucose levels will not be affected by the moderate use of alcohol if taken with meals. (rsnhope.org)
Course of Dialysis1
Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy1
- Dialysis only treats high creatinine level temporarily. (kidney-cares.org)
- High creatinine level indicates serious kidney problem, well, how to lower creatinine level in blood naturally? (kidney-support.org)
- Patients with little or no kidney function will have very high blood levels of creatinine. (livestrong.com)
- Doctors will look at the ratio between a person's BUN and blood creatinine to help them determine what is causing the concentrations to be higher than normal. (livestrong.com)
- Hemodialysis usually takes place at a hospital or dialysis center. (empowher.com)
- QECH dialysis unit 'shuts down'" was the headline in The Nation, which detailed thatn Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital (QECH) in Blantyre has closed down its dialysis unit. (nyasatimes.com)
- Patients with renal failure and now being ferried to and from Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) in Lilongwe-the only other public hospital with dialysis machines-to access the service. (nyasatimes.com)
- Blood scarcity rocks KCH," is another headline in The Nation which quotes Mable Chinkhata the public relations officer at Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH)-the country's second largest referral facility- confirming that thousands of people in need of blood risk dying following the depletion of the hospital's blood bank. (nyasatimes.com)
- Chinkhata said the hospital is giving blood to "patients who really need blood and also those who need blood on emergency cases only. (nyasatimes.com)
- A bioengineered blood vessel was created by doctors at Duke University Hospital, who implanted it into the arm of a patient with end-stage kidney disease. (medindia.net)
- Children who face kidney transplant fare best when they receive the organ without undergoing dialysis," said Lavjay Butani, professor of pediatric nephrology in the UC Davis School of Medicine and chief of pediatric nephrology at UC Davis Children's Hospital. (healthcanal.com)
- Pogharian was inspired by volunteering at a hospital dialysis unit. (cbc.ca)
- Hospital Chair, Hospital Seating, Hospital Seat manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Hospital Electric Blood Donation Chair Dialysis Seating Patient Seat (P02), Cinema Seating Theater Seat School Auditorium Seating Chair (SD22H), Cinema Seating China School Theater Seat Auditorium Chair (SD22H) and so on. (made-in-china.com)
- She is assisting the doctors in hospital rounds, dialysis and office visits. (charlestonnephrology.org)
- She provides her services at CAMC, Thomas hospital, our office and at multiple dialysis units. (charlestonnephrology.org)
People with kidney1
- According to the 2002 Annual Data Report of the United States Renal Data System (USRDS), 42% of non-Hispanic dialysis patients in the United States have ESRD caused by diabetes. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- ESRD caused by diabetes occurred in 65% of Hispanic dialysis patients. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- This study aimed to examine the association between the mode of dialysis or the values of sclerostin or DKK1 and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) in ESRD patients. (medworm.com)
- Due to high rates of dialysis, cognitive impairment in ESRD patients is gaining more attention in Taiwan. (springer.com)
- This is further exemplified by recent National Kidney Foundation/Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative guidelines that fail to provide a goal BP for dialysis patients but suggest that there be "every incentive to control BP as early as possible before cardiac damage leads to permanent hypotension and an almost certain early death. (ahajournals.org)
- As for patients who have hypotension during dialysis, they can take guantong tablets before dialysis. (kidneyhospitalchina.org)
- Hemodialysis is where the blood of the patient is circulated or flow through a dialysis machine. (allnurses.com)
- Ltd. out Singapore has unveiled a wearable dialysis machine the size of a woman's purse that may fundamentally change life for millions of people with renal disease. (medgadget.com)
- Global Blood Dialysis Machine Market by type, product, de. (pharmiweb.com)
- Pune, Maharashtra, India, January 27 2021 (Wiredrelease) MarketDesk -:This Global Blood Dialysis Machine Market provides an all encompassing update market statistics, trends, and growth scenario. (pharmiweb.com)
- This report offers Blood Dialysis Machine market details based on market analysis from 2021-2026 and the forecast Blood Dialysis Machine market information up to 2026. (pharmiweb.com)
- Global Blood Dialysis Machine report basically presents industry overview, market development scenario, market segment, and price structures.Various factors directly or indirectly contributing to the Blood Dialysis Machine markets like social anthropology, merchandising, technological advancement, and innovations are covered in this report. (pharmiweb.com)
- This report covers Blood Dialysis Machine market size, major companies, their company profile and sales information.The tremendous market competition, Blood Dialysis Machine regional analysis, and market demand are covered in this report. (pharmiweb.com)
- This Market report is a well organized study which stating the product definition, cost, applications and market revenue.Market Research experts predicts the Global Blood Dialysis Machine market vast growth rate between 2021-2026. (pharmiweb.com)
- This Global Blood Dialysis Machine Market Report Analysis recognizes the changing way of life and rising instances of sicknesses adding to as one of the great reasons driving the market development during the following not many years.This report presents the most important aspects of the market by the method of study, blend, and summation of information from various sources by an investigation of key boundaries. (pharmiweb.com)
- Global Blood Dialysis Machine Report conducts a deep study of the potential buyers, market scope, Blood Dialysis Machine production volume, consumption ratio, market presence and cost analysis. (pharmiweb.com)
- This report analysis major Blood Dialysis Machine market driving forces, growth opportunities and limitations to the market growth. (pharmiweb.com)
- All the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the Blood Dialysis Machine market, market value, current trends along with challenges and opportunities will forecast growth in coming years. (pharmiweb.com)
- 1. Blood Dialysis Machine market report assists in understanding the Essential product sections along with also their potential future. (pharmiweb.com)
- 2. This global Blood Dialysis Machine report offers pin-point evaluation for changing competitive dynamics. (pharmiweb.com)
- 4. Original images and illustrated a SWOT evaluation of large segments supplied by the Blood Dialysis Machine market. (pharmiweb.com)
- 5. This report supplies a forward-looking perspective on different driving factors or controlling Blood Dialysis Machine market gain. (pharmiweb.com)
- 6. This report assists to make wise business choices using whole insights of the Blood Dialysis Machine and also from creating a comprehensive evaluation of market sections. (pharmiweb.com)
- The research report presents a comprehensive assessment of the Global Blood Dialysis Machine Market and contains exponentially supported and industry validated market data. (pharmiweb.com)
- Patients are attached to the dialysis machine through several means. (healthcanal.com)
- The tubes used to take blood to and from the body to the dialysis machine are connected to the body at this access point. (healthcanal.com)
- The dialysis machine keeps pushing, even if the water is not in your blood. (kidney-cares.org)
- For a science fair project, Pogharian invented a cheap, portable dialysis machine than can filter blood in minutes. (cbc.ca)
- She was 17 when she invented a cheap, portable dialysis machine. (cbc.ca)
- This new dialysis system builds on our commitment to innovate in ways that continuously improve patient safety and health outcomes," said Mark Costanzo, president of FMCNA's Renal Therapies Group. (fmcna.com)
- People receiving dialysis may also be at risk for infections that are not related to the blood and can lead to serious outcomes. (cdc.gov)