Blastoderm: A layer of cells lining the fluid-filled cavity (blastocele) of a BLASTULA, usually developed from a fertilized insect, reptilian, or avian egg.Embryo, Nonmammalian: The developmental entity of a fertilized egg (ZYGOTE) in animal species other than MAMMALS. For chickens, use CHICK EMBRYO.Drosophila: A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.Gastrula: The developmental stage that follows BLASTULA or BLASTOCYST. It is characterized by the morphogenetic cell movements including invagination, ingression, and involution. Gastrulation begins with the formation of the PRIMITIVE STREAK, and ends with the formation of three GERM LAYERS, the body plan of the mature organism.Blastodisc: A small whitish spot on the surface of the EGG YOLK where cleavage begins. Upon fertilization the cytoplasm streams from the vegetal pole away from the yolk to the animal pole where cleavage will occur. This germinal area eventually flattens into a layer of cells (BLASTODERM) that covers the yolk completely.Drosophila Proteins: Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Body Patterning: The processes occurring in early development that direct morphogenesis. They specify the body plan ensuring that cells will proceed to differentiate, grow, and diversify in size and shape at the correct relative positions. Included are axial patterning, segmentation, compartment specification, limb position, organ boundary patterning, blood vessel patterning, etc.Chick Embryo: The developmental entity of a fertilized chicken egg (ZYGOTE). The developmental process begins about 24 h before the egg is laid at the BLASTODISC, a small whitish spot on the surface of the EGG YOLK. After 21 days of incubation, the embryo is fully developed before hatching.Tribolium: A genus of small beetles of the family Tenebrionidae; T. confusum is the "confused flour beetle".Genes, Insect: The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Coturnix: A genus of BIRDS in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES, containing the common European and other Old World QUAIL.Insect Proteins: Proteins found in any species of insect.Heteroptera: A suborder of HEMIPTERA, called true bugs, characterized by the possession of two pairs of wings. It includes the medically important families CIMICIDAE and REDUVIIDAE. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Morphogenesis: The development of anatomical structures to create the form of a single- or multi-cell organism. Morphogenesis provides form changes of a part, parts, or the whole organism.Quail: Common name for two distinct groups of BIRDS in the order GALLIFORMES: the New World or American quails of the family Odontophoridae and the Old World quails in the genus COTURNIX, family Phasianidae.Fushi Tarazu Transcription Factors: Fushi tarazu transcription factors were originally identified in DROSOPHILA. They are found throughout ARTHROPODS and play important roles in segmentation and CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM development.Organizers, Embryonic: Cells in certain regions of an embryo that self-regulate embryonic development. These organizers have been found in dorsal and ventral poles of GASTRULA embryos, including Spemann organizer in amphibians, and Hensen node in chicken and mouse. These organizer cells communicate with each other via a network of secreted signaling proteins, such as BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEINS and their antagonists (chordin and noggin).Blastula: An early non-mammalian embryo that follows the MORULA stage. A blastula resembles a hollow ball with the layer of cells surrounding a fluid-filled cavity (blastocele). The layer of cells is called BLASTODERM.Zebrafish: An exotic species of the family CYPRINIDAE, originally from Asia, that has been introduced in North America. They are used in embryological studies and to study the effects of certain chemicals on development.Vitelline Membrane: The plasma membrane of the egg.Nodal Signaling Ligands: Members of the transforming growth factor superfamily that play a role in pattern formation and differentiation during the pregastrulation and GASTRULATION stages of chordate development. Several nodal signaling ligands are specifically involved in the genesis of left-right asymmetry during development. The protein group is named after a critical region of the vertebrate embryo PRIMITIVE STREAK referred to as HENSEN'S NODE.Cleavage Stage, Ovum: The earliest developmental stage of a fertilized ovum (ZYGOTE) during which there are several mitotic divisions within the ZONA PELLUCIDA. Each cleavage or segmentation yields two BLASTOMERES of about half size of the parent cell. This cleavage stage generally covers the period up to 16-cell MORULA.Insect Hormones: Hormones secreted by insects. They influence their growth and development. Also synthetic substances that act like insect hormones.Homeodomain Proteins: Proteins encoded by homeobox genes (GENES, HOMEOBOX) that exhibit structural similarity to certain prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA-binding proteins. Homeodomain proteins are involved in the control of gene expression during morphogenesis and development (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION, DEVELOPMENTAL).Germ Cells: The reproductive cells in multicellular organisms at various stages during GAMETOGENESIS.Aminopterin: A folic acid derivative used as a rodenticide that has been shown to be teratogenic.Germ Layers: The three primary germinal layers (ECTODERM; ENDODERM; and MESODERM) developed during GASTRULATION that provide tissues and body plan of a mature organism. They derive from two early layers, hypoblast and epiblast.Embryonic Induction: The complex processes of initiating CELL DIFFERENTIATION in the embryo. The precise regulation by cell interactions leads to diversity of cell types and specific pattern of organization (EMBRYOGENESIS).Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.TexasGalliformes: An order of heavy-bodied, largely terrestrial BIRDS including pheasants, TURKEYS, grouse, QUAIL, and CHICKENS.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Flatfishes: Common name for the order Pleuronectiformes. A very distinctive group in that during development they become asymmetrical, i.e., one eye migrates to lie adjacent to the other. They swim on the eyeless side. FLOUNDER, sole, and turbot, along with several others, are included in this order.Abdominal Wall: The outer margins of the ABDOMEN, extending from the osteocartilaginous thoracic cage to the PELVIS. Though its major part is muscular, the abdominal wall consists of at least seven layers: the SKIN, subcutaneous fat, deep FASCIA; ABDOMINAL MUSCLES, transversalis fascia, extraperitoneal fat, and the parietal PERITONEUM.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Anacardiaceae: The sumac plant family in the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are tropical and subtropical trees, shrubs, and woody vines that have resin ducts in the bark. The sap of many of the species is irritating to the skin.Construction Materials: Supplies used in building.Silicon: A trace element that constitutes about 27.6% of the earth's crust in the form of SILICON DIOXIDE. It does not occur free in nature. Silicon has the atomic symbol Si, atomic number 14, and atomic weight [28.084; 28.086].Ethics, Professional: The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Codes of Ethics: Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.Philosophy, MedicalDried Blood Spot Testing: Techniques for using whole blood samples collected on filter paper for a variety of clinical laboratory tests.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Trichuroidea: A superfamily of nematodes of the order ENOPLIDA. Its organisms have a well developed intestine and rectum.Poultry Diseases: Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.Blastocyst: A post-MORULA preimplantation mammalian embryo that develops from a 32-cell stage into a fluid-filled hollow ball of over a hundred cells. A blastocyst has two distinctive tissues. The outer layer of trophoblasts gives rise to extra-embryonic tissues. The inner cell mass gives rise to the embryonic disc and eventual embryo proper.Blastomeres: Undifferentiated cells resulting from cleavage of a fertilized egg (ZYGOTE). Inside the intact ZONA PELLUCIDA, each cleavage yields two blastomeres of about half size of the parent cell. Up to the 8-cell stage, all of the blastomeres are totipotent. The 16-cell MORULA contains outer cells and inner cells.Trophoblasts: Cells lining the outside of the BLASTOCYST. After binding to the ENDOMETRIUM, trophoblasts develop into two distinct layers, an inner layer of mononuclear cytotrophoblasts and an outer layer of continuous multinuclear cytoplasm, the syncytiotrophoblasts, which form the early fetal-maternal interface (PLACENTA).Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
Aurora kinase A controls meiosis I progression in mouse oocytes. (1/6)Aurora kinase A (AURKA), which is a centrosome-localized serine/threonine kinase crucial for cell cycle control, is critically involved in centrosome maturation and spindle assembly in somatic cells. Active T288 phosphorylated AURKA localizes to the centrosome in the late G(2) and also spreads to the minus ends of mitotic spindle microtubules. AURKA activates centrosomal CDC25B and recruits cyclin B1 to centrosomes. We report here functions for AURKA in meiotic maturation of mouse oocytes, which is a model system to study the G(2) to M transition. Whereas AURKA is present throughout the entire GV-stage oocyte with a clear accumulation on microtubule organizing centers (MTOC), active AURKA becomes entirely localized to MTOCs shortly before germinal vesicle breakdown. In contrast to somatic cells in which active AURKA is present at the centrosomes and minus ends of microtubules, active AURKA is mainly located on MTOCs at metaphase I (MI) in oocytes. Inhibitor studies using Roscovitine (CDK1 inhibitor), LY-294002 (PI3K inhibitor) and SH-6 (PKB inhibitor) reveal that activation of AURKA localized on MTOCs is independent on PI3K-PKB and CDK1 signaling pathways and MOTC amplification is observed in roscovitine- and SH-6-treated oocytes that fail to undergo nuclear envelope breakdown. Moreover, microinjection of Aurka mRNA into GV-stage oocytes cultured in 3-isobutyl-1-methyl xanthine (IBMX)-containing medium to prevent maturation also results in MOTC amplification in the absence of CDK1 activation. Overexpression of AURKA also leads to formation of an abnormal MI spindle, whereas RNAi-mediated reduction of AURKA interferes with resumption of meiosis and spindle assembly. Results of these experiments indicate that AURKA is a critical MTOC-associated component involved in resumption of meiosis, MTOC multiplication, proper spindle formation and the metaphase I-metaphase II transition. (+info)
The position of the germinal vesicle and the chromatin organization together provide a marker of the developmental competence of mouse antral oocytes. (2/6)(+info)
Examining the contents of isolated Xenopus germinal vesicles. (3/6)(+info)
Mammalian nuclear transplantation to Germinal Vesicle stage Xenopus oocytes - a method for quantitative transcriptional reprogramming. (4/6)(+info)
Inhibition of germinal vesicle breakdown by antioxidants and the roles of signaling pathways related to nitric oxide and cGMP during meiotic resumption in oocytes of a marine worm. (5/6)(+info)
A survey of 6,300 genomic fragments for cis-regulatory activity in the imaginal discs of Drosophila melanogaster. (6/6)(+info)
Blastodisc Embryology Gilbert SF. Developmental Biology. 10th edition. Sunderland (MA): Sinauer Associates; 2014. Early ...
The epiblast, a single epithelial layer blastodisc, is the source of all embryonic material in amniotes and some of its cells ... Lateral section through the mammalian blastodisc. Mikawa T, Poh AM, Kelly KA, Ishii Y, Reese DE (2004). "Induction and ...
The catshark lays eggs in their blastodisc form. The following exhibits a typical developmental timeline (measurements are ...
The embryo forms a disc of cells, called a blastodisc, on top of the yolk. Discoidal cleavage is commonly found in monotremes, ...
Cleavage, or initial cell division, can only occur in a region called the blastodisc, a yolk free region located at the animal ... This type of meroblastic cleavage is called discoidal because only the blastodisc becomes the embryo. In fish, waves of calcium ...
From there the blastodisc, a small cluster of cells in the animal pole of the egg, then undergoes discoidal meroblastic ... Rather, they have small, irregular extracellular spaces that are formed between the cells of the blastodisc sitting atop the ... The shape and formation of the avian blastodisc differs from amphibian, fish, and echinoderm blastulas, but the overall spatial ...
The blastodisc refers to a round single-cell layer of cells inside the blastula from which the embryo is going to form. Early ... The germinal disc, also called the blastodisc, is a small, circular, white spot (approximately 2-3 mm across) on the surface of ...
... the primitive knot starts as a regional knot of cells that forms on the blastodisc immediately anterior to where the outer ...
... is one of two distinct layers arising from the inner cell mass in the mammalian blastocyst or from the blastodisc in reptiles ...
Humans are prone to shade the truth. Indeed, to a rather alarming degree, the tendency to lie is common in many different ... Truck Accidents
If one has only 32% renal function left, what should he do? What treatment is helpful for the patient? How to recover kidney action for PKD with 32% renal function? PKD (Polycystic Kidney Disease) means there are unnumbered small and large cysts in t
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Reversible Phosphorylation and Oocyte Maturation - Regulation of Germinal Vesicle Breakdown and Chromatin Remodeling by Jason...
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Blastodisc | Article about Blastodisc by The Free Dictionary
The blastodisc contains a nucleus and is free... Explanation of Blastodisc ... Find out information about Blastodisc. embryonic disc, an aggregate of cytoplasm in the holozoic part of the ovum in animals ... Related to Blastodisc: blastoderm. Blastodisc. embryonic disc, an aggregate of cytoplasm in the holozoic part of the ovum in ... The blastodisc contains a nucleus and is free from the yolk. In the process of cleavage the blastodisc is transformed into a ...http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/blastodisc
Blastoderm - Wikipedia
Blastodisc Embryology Gilbert SF. Developmental Biology. 10th edition. Sunderland (MA): Sinauer Associates; 2014. Early ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blastoderm
Primitive streak - Wikipedia
The epiblast, a single epithelial layer blastodisc, is the source of all embryonic material in amniotes and some of its cells ... Lateral section through the mammalian blastodisc. Mikawa T, Poh AM, Kelly KA, Ishii Y, Reese DE (2004). "Induction and ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primitive_streak
Modulation of F-actin dynamics by maternal Mid1ip1L controls germ plasm aggregation and furrow recruitment in the zebrafish...
... animal with blastodisc center to the left and blastodisc periphery to the right). F-actin arcs, associated with RNP aggregates ... A′-C′ highlight the region of F-actin arcs (white double-headed arrows) and the distance from the center of the blastodisc to ... We find an association of germ plasm RNP aggregates with cortical F-actin trenches at the blastodisc cortex, as well as F-actin ... H) Quantification of cortical actin clearance as the ratio of the distance from the center of the blastodisc to the region of ...https://dev.biologists.org/content/145/10/dev156596
Hatchability Problem Analysis | BackYard Chickens
The blastodisc (arrow) deteriorated but still has the characteristic shape and size of a typical fertile blastodisc.. ... Fertilized blastodisc; the embryo has about 50,000 cells when the egg is laid.. hatch, percent hatch, hatching percent, hatch ... blastodisc. The small disc-shaped region on the yolk that contains the egg nucleus.. blood ring. Circular blood remnant visible ... fertile, no development (FND). Rarely diagnosed condition in which the blastodisc was fertilized but died before the egg was ...https://www.backyardchickens.com/articles/hatchability-problem-analysis.62956/
Peritoneal Carcinomatosis From Yolk Sac Tumor in a Postmenopausal Woman Following Chemotherapy for High-grade Ovarian Serous...
Blastodisc. A small whitish spot on the surface of the EGG YOLK where cleavage begins. Upon fertilization the cytoplasm streams ...https://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/pmarticle/2201830/Peritoneal-Carcinomatosis-From-Yolk-Sac-Tumor-in-a-Postmenopausal-Woman-Following-Chemotherapy.html
Introductory Zoology Slide Set
Blastodisc. Amphiuma intestine, c.s. Frog blastula, sec. Human blood, smear. Wright stain. Mammalian muscle-three types, sec. ...https://www.flinnsci.com/introductory-zoology-slide-set/ml1412/
Blastodisc - A true egg that was not fertilized; also, the site of fertilization on the egg yolk.. Bleaching - The fading of ... Germinal disc - Site of fertilization on the egg yolk; blastodisc. Germs - disease carrying microbes.. Giblets - term used to ...http://poultryhelp.com/glossary.html
Studies on the reproductive and developmental biology of Cichlasoma dimerus (Percifomes, Cichlidae)
... blastodisc; bl, blastoderm; e, eye; ea, embryonic axis; fv, finfold vessels; g, gills; h, heart; i, intestine; m, melanophores ... giving rise to a prominent dome-shaped cytoplasmic layer known as the blastodisc (Fig. 2A). ...http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0327-95452009000100001&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=en
Embryonic shield | Definition of Embryonic shield at Dictionary.com
the blastodisk of yolky eggs.. RELATED CONTENT. What Is A "Ban"?The word ban gets bandied about a lot these days, from vegan ...https://www.dictionary.com/browse/embryonic--shield
Environmental influences on reproductive potential, clutch viability and embryonic mortality of the American alligator in...
Presence of blastodiscs at one pole and at the uppermost surface suggest a time. frame for migration. The movement of the ... blastodiscs were found at either the uppermost surface or a pole in eggs that did not. band, suggesting that mortality of ... had an identifiable blastodisc. Therefore, the most appropriate status for those 6. specimens is unknown, not infertile.. ... only six of the 376 did not have a macroscopically visible blastodisc present.. However, those 6 eggs were among 67 eggs which ...http://ufdc.ufl.edu/AA00022461/00001
The artificial propagation of warm-water finfishes A manual for extension
Two poles are distinguishable on the kernel, viz., the animal pole or blastodisc, and the vegetative pole or yolk mass. The ...http://www.fao.org/docrep/005/AC742E/AC742E04.htm
B: The inner cell mass develops further into a two-layered structure, the blastodisc, containing the epiblast adjacent to the ... C: With further development, the blastodisc thickens cranially to form the prochordal plate. ...https://www.medscape.com/content/2004/00/47/05/470598/470598_fig.html
Early embryonic development in pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) related to micromanipulation | Czech Journal of Animal Science
Next, we performed blastodisc isolation assay to find the competent stage for embryonic manipulation. Embryos were manipulated ... blastodisc isolation; blastula; cleavage; early embryogenesis; yolk syncytial layer; midblastula transition. References:. Chen ...https://www.agriculturejournals.cz/web/cjas.htm?type=article&id=35_2015-CJAS
Advice on Building Company Culture - VentureBlog
... driven blastodisc paromomycin destination flocculation ditch myelogenic folliculin donnybrook incurable. intermaxillae actinon ...https://www.ventureblog.com/2010/09/advice-on-building-company-culture.html?cid=6a00d8341d157b53ef0168e4ca326f970c
Advice on Building Company Culture - VentureBlog
... driven blastodisc paromomycin destination flocculation ditch myelogenic folliculin donnybrook incurable. intermaxillae actinon ...https://www.ventureblog.com/2010/09/advice-on-building-company-culture.html?cid=6a00d8341d157b53ef0153913c5372970b
Vascular endothelial cell lineage-specific promoter in transgenic mice | Development
1994) Induction of vasculogenesis in quail blastodisc-derived embryoid bodies. Dev. Biol 164, 123-132. ...http://dev.biologists.org/content/121/4/1089?ijkey=d5db8d3b1b1feb5ece9843bb346336f94d1e40e5&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
Should I buy eggs or wait it out? | Page 677 | BackYard Chickens
That means its fertile and the cells in the blastodisc have begun dividing. In unfertilized eggs the disc looks like a small, ... That means its fertile and the cells in the blastodisc have begun dividing. In unfertilized eggs the disc looks like a small, ...https://www.backyardchickens.com/threads/should-i-buy-eggs-or-wait-it-out.669281/page-677
Cell Division Charts | Carolina.com
Mitosis features color illustrations and photomicrographs (3,100x) of whitefish blastodisc and onion root tip. Meiosis features ... Mitosis features color illustrations and photomicrographs (3,100x) of whitefish blastodisc and onion root tip. Meiosis features ... Mitosis features color illustrations and photomicrographs (3,100x) of whitefish blastodisc and onion root tip. Meiosis features ...https://www.carolina.com/ap-biology-lab-resources/cell-division-charts/FAM_571170.pr
Frontiers | Vascular Niche in Lung Alveolar Development, Homeostasis, and Regeneration | Bioengineering and Biotechnology
Vasculogenesis in the early quail blastodisc as studied with a monoclonal antibody recognizing endothelial cells. Development ...https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fbioe.2019.00318/full
Live Imaging of Innate Immune and Preneoplastic Cell Interactions Using an Inducible Gal4/UAS Expression System in Larval...
Inject the premeasured drop (100 μm corresponding to 0.5 nl) under a stereoscope through the chorion into the blastodisc17, ... This is often needed to find the blastodisc and the optimal penetration angle. ... The site for injection is the blastodisc (asterisk), formed by cytoplasmic streams from the yolk (arrow) that defines the ... the injection into the blastodisc (Figure 1A, asterisk) requires more experience and training. Critical during this procedure ...https://www.jove.com/video/52107/live-imaging-innate-immune-preneoplastic-cell-interactions-using-an
Male pronucleus | definition of Male pronucleus by Medical dictionary
The Role of Microtubules During Blastodisc Formation of the Squid, Loligo pealei ...https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Male+pronucleus
Cleavage (embryo) - Wikipedia
The embryo forms a disc of cells, called a blastodisc, on top of the yolk. Discoidal cleavage is commonly found in monotremes, ...https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleavage_
Embryology of the Endothelial Network: Is There an Hemangioblastic Anlage ? | Springer for Research & Development
Pardanaud, L., Altmann, C., Kitos, P., Dieterlen-Lièvre, F. and Buck, C. (1987). Vasculogenesis in the early quail blastodisc ...https://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4757-9188-4_1
The embryo forms a disc of cells, called a blastodisc, on top of the yolk. Discoidal cleavage is commonly found in birds, ...https://www.bionity.com/en/encyclopedia/Cleavage_%28embryo%29.html
- The epiblast, a single epithelial layer blastodisc, is the source of all embryonic material in amniotes and some of its cells will give rise to the primitive streak. (wikipedia.org)
- Next, we performed blastodisc isolation assay to find the competent stage for embryonic manipulation. (agriculturejournals.cz)
- All of the eggs laid by the five virgin females, the four second-clutch females, and the three females allowed to mate with vasectomised males, were "collapsed" at oviposition, and none showed any sign of a blastodisc or its associated vascular rosette. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Thus, we conclude that unfertilised eggs of sand lizards are easily recognizable at laying: they lack turgot and lack blastodiscs and the associated vascularity. (thefreedictionary.com)
- marulius eggs, blastodisc divided after 35-60 min into two blastomeres. (thefreedictionary.com)
- In these eggs, the blastodisc has begun to divide into two blastomeres, and essentially all oil droplets have aggregated in a crude ring near the vegetal pole. (thefreedictionary.com)
- the blastodisk of yolky eggs. (dictionary.com)
- 2+] gradients near the poles, and to inhibit the formation of the blastodisc and the movement of oil droplets toward the vegetal pole (Fluck et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
- At the cortex, this process attenuates microtubule-dependent outward RNP movement to retain RNPs in the blastodisc cortex and allow their recruitment to the furrows. (biologists.org)