Blastocystis: A genus of protozoa of the suborder BLASTOCYSTINA. It was first classified as a yeast but further studies have shown it to be a protozoan.Blastocystis Infections: Infections with organisms of the genus BLASTOCYSTIS. The species B. hominis is responsible for most infections. Parasitologic surveys have generally found small numbers of this species in human stools, but higher positivity rates and organism numbers in AIDS patients and other immunosuppressed patients (IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST). Symptoms include ABDOMINAL PAIN; DIARRHEA; CONSTIPATION; VOMITING; and FATIGUE.SikkimIntestinal Diseases, Parasitic: Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.Immunocompromised Host: A human or animal whose immunologic mechanism is deficient because of an immunodeficiency disorder or other disease or as the result of the administration of immunosuppressive drugs or radiation.Constipation: Infrequent or difficult evacuation of FECES. These symptoms are associated with a variety of causes, including low DIETARY FIBER intake, emotional or nervous disturbances, systemic and structural disorders, drug-induced aggravation, and infections.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia: Large benign, hyperplastic lymph nodes. The more common hyaline vascular subtype is characterized by small hyaline vascular follicles and interfollicular capillary proliferations. Plasma cells are often present and represent another subtype with the plasma cells containing IgM and IMMUNOGLOBULIN A.Edema: Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.Licensure: The legal authority or formal permission from authorities to carry on certain activities which by law or regulation require such permission. It may be applied to licensure of institutions as well as individuals.Moral Obligations: Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Peptic Ulcer Perforation: Penetration of a PEPTIC ULCER through the wall of DUODENUM or STOMACH allowing the leakage of luminal contents into the PERITONEAL CAVITY.Enterocolitis: Inflammation of the MUCOSA of both the SMALL INTESTINE and the LARGE INTESTINE. Etiology includes ISCHEMIA, infections, allergic, and immune responses.Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal: Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage: Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Upper Gastrointestinal Tract: The segment of GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT that includes the ESOPHAGUS; the STOMACH; and the DUODENUM.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Awards and PrizesPeriodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Blastocystis hominis: A species of parasitic protozoa found in the intestines of humans and other primates. It was classified as a yeast in 1912. Over the years, questions arose about this designation. In 1967, many physiological and morphological B. hominis characteristics were reported that fit a protozoan classification. Since that time, other papers have corroborated this work and the organism is now recognized as a protozoan parasite of humans causing intestinal disease with potentially disabling symptoms.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.Strongyloides ratti: A species of parasitic nematode found in rats.Protozoan Infections: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.Antiparasitic Agents: Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.Cryptosporidium parvum: A species of parasitic protozoa that infects humans and most domestic mammals. Its oocysts measure five microns in diameter. These organisms exhibit alternating cycles of sexual and asexual reproduction.Giardia lamblia: A species of parasitic EUKARYOTES that attaches itself to the intestinal mucosa and feeds on mucous secretions. The organism is roughly pear-shaped and motility is somewhat erratic, with a slow oscillation about the long axis.ThiazolesAntiprotozoal Agents: Substances that are destructive to protozoans.Staphylococcus hominis: A species of STAPHYLOCOCCUS similar to STAPHYLOCOCCUS HAEMOLYTICUS, but containing different esterases. The subspecies Staphylococcus hominis novobiosepticus is highly virulent and novobiocin resistant.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Catalogs, LibraryCatalogs as Topic: Ordered compilations of item descriptions and sufficient information to afford access to them.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Helicobacter pylori: A spiral bacterium active as a human gastric pathogen. It is a gram-negative, urease-positive, curved or slightly spiral organism initially isolated in 1982 from patients with lesions of gastritis or peptic ulcers in Western Australia. Helicobacter pylori was originally classified in the genus CAMPYLOBACTER, but RNA sequencing, cellular fatty acid profiles, growth patterns, and other taxonomic characteristics indicate that the micro-organism should be included in the genus HELICOBACTER. It has been officially transferred to Helicobacter gen. nov. (see Int J Syst Bacteriol 1989 Oct;39(4):297-405).Helicobacter Infections: Infections with organisms of the genus HELICOBACTER, particularly, in humans, HELICOBACTER PYLORI. The clinical manifestations are focused in the stomach, usually the gastric mucosa and antrum, and the upper duodenum. This infection plays a major role in the pathogenesis of type B gastritis and peptic ulcer disease.Immunochromatography: A type of affinity chromatography where ANTIBODIES are used in the affinity capture reaction on the solid support, in the mobile phase, or both.Helicobacter: A genus of gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacteria that has been isolated from the intestinal tract of mammals, including humans. It has been associated with PEPTIC ULCER.Gastritis: Inflammation of the GASTRIC MUCOSA, a lesion observed in a number of unrelated disorders.

Isolate resistance of Blastocystis hominis to metronidazole. (1/54)

Isolates of Blastocystis hominis from infected immigrant workers from Indonesia, Bangladesh and infected individuals from Singapore and Malaysia were assessed for growth pattern and degree of resistance to different concentrations of metronidazole. Viability of the cells was assessed using eosin-brillian cresyl blue which stained viable cells green and nonviable cells red. The Bangladeshi and Singaporean isolates were nonviable even at the lowest concentration of 0.01 mg/ml, whereas 40% of the initial inoculum of parasites from the Indonesian isolate at day one were still viable in cultures with 1.0 mg/ml metronidazole. The study shows that isolates of B. hominis of different geographical origin have different levels of resistance to metronidazole. The search for more effective drugs to eliminate th parasite appears inevitable, especially since surviving parasites from metronidazole cultures show greater ability to multiply in subcultures than controls.  (+info)

Intestinal blockage by carcinoma and Blastocystis hominis infection. (2/54)

We detected heavy infections of Blastocystis hominis in four individuals with intestinal obstruction due to cancerous growths. After surgery, the infections spontaneously resolved, without specific chemotherapy. It appears that the B. hominis infection was coincidental and not related to the neoplastic growth. We suggest that intestinal obstruction and concomitant stool retention, plus hemorrhage from cancerous lesions, may have permitted the more abundant growth of B. hominis. This is the first report of a possible relationship between intestinal obstruction and a concomitant B. hominis infection.  (+info)

Genomic analysis of Blastocystis hominis strains isolated from two long-term health care facilities. (3/54)

The genotype Blastocystis hominis is highly polymorphic. Therefore, a genetic marker would be a powerful tool for the identification or classification of B. hominis subtypes and could be used as a means to resolve the transmission route or origin of the parasite. To this end, 32 B. hominis isolates were collected from patients and/or staff members of two long-term health care facilities (facilities A and B), and these organisms were subjected to genotype analysis based on diagnostic PCR primers and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of small subunit rRNA gene (rDNA). Based on PCR amplification using diagnostic primers which were developed from randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis of known strains of B. hominis, the 32 isolates of B. hominis were classified into three different subtypes. Thirty isolates, including twenty-four that were isolated from patients and a staff member, from facility A and all isolates isolated from six patients from facility B showed the same genotype. Two of six patients of facility B had been transferred from facility A, and these two patients also had the same-genotype B. hominis that corresponded to 24 isolates from facility A. This genotype strain may have been transmitted by these two patients from facility A to facility B, suggesting human-to-human transmission. In contrast, 2 of 26 isolates from facility A showed distinct genotypes, suggesting that the colonization by these two isolates is attributable to another infectious route. These different subtypes were subjected to RFLP analysis, and the RFLP profiles were correlated with the results obtained by diagnostic PCR primers. This study presents the first molecular evidence of possible human-to-human B. hominis infection between and/or among two small communities.  (+info)

Clinical significance and frequency of Blastocystis hominis in Turkish patients with hematological malignancy. (4/54)

The effect of Blastocystis hominis (B. hominis) in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised subjects has been the subject of debate in recent years, mostly in response to its unknown pathogenicity and frequency of occurrence. We performed a non-randomised, open labelled, single institute study in our hospital in order to investigate the clinical significance and frequency of B. hominis in patients suffering from hematological malignancy (HM) who displayed symptoms of gastrointestinal diseases during the period of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. The presence and potential role of other intestinal inclusive of parasites were also studied. At least 3 stool samples from each of 206 HM patients with gastrointestinal complaints (the HM group) were studied. These were compared with stool samples from a control group of 200 patients without HM who were also suffering from gastrointestinal complaints. Samples were studied with saline-lugol, formalin-ether, and trichome staining methods. Groups were comparable in terms of gender, age and type of gastrointestinal complaints. In the HM group, the most common parasite was B. hominis. In this group, 23 patients (13%) had B. hominis, while in the control group only 2 patients (1%) had B. hominis. This difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Symptoms were non-specific for B. hominis or other parasites in the HM group. The predominant symptoms in both groups were abdominal pain (87-89.5%), diarrhea (70-89.5%), and flatulence (74-68.4%). Although all patients with HM were symptom-free at the end of treatment with oral metranidazol (1,500 mg per day for 10 days) 2 patients with HM had positive stool samples containing an insignificant number of parasites (< 5 cells per field). In conclusion, it appears that B. hominis is not rare and should be considered in patients with HM who have gastrointestinal complaints while being treated with chemotherapy. Furthermore, metranidazol appears to be effective in treating B. hominis infection.  (+info)

Ribodemes of Blastocystis hominis isolated in Japan. (5/54)

To determine if genetic diversity of Blastocystis hominis exists in Japan, we monitored 64 B. hominis-infected people: 39 asymptomatic people whose infections were detected during routine medical check-ups (32 Japanese and 7 non-Japanese) and 25 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms who visited the outpatient clinics of St. Luke's International Hospital (19 Japanese and 6 non-Japanese). We detected 6 known and 2 new riboprint patterns in isolates from the infected people. There were no differences in the distribution of ribodemes between isolates from Japanese and non-Japanese people, similar to that in other countries. However, we noted a possible relationship between ribodeme type and pathogenicity. The results suggest that ribodemes I, III, and VI may be responsible for gastrointestinal symptoms.  (+info)

Epidemiological survey of Blastocystis hominis in Huainan City, Anhui Province, China. (6/54)

AIM: To provide scientific evidence for prevention and controlling of blastocystosis, the infection of Blastocystis homonis and to study its clinical significance in Huainan City, Anhui Province, China. METHODS: Blastocystis homonis in fresh stools taken from 100 infants, 100 pupils, 100 middle school students and 403 patients with diarrhea was smeared and detected with method of iodine staining and hematoxylin staining. After preliminary direct microscopy, the shape and size of Blastocystis homonis were observed with high power lens. The cellular immune function of the patients with blastocystosis was detected with biotin-streptavidin (BSA). RESULTS: The positive rates of Blastocystis homonis in fresh stools taken from the infants, pupils, middle school students and the patients with diarrhea, were 1.0 % (1/100), 1.0 % (1/100), 0 % (0/100) and 5.96 % (24/403) respectively. Furthermore, the positive rates of Blastocystis homonis in the stool samples taken from the patients with mild diarrhea, intermediate diarrhea, severe diarrhea and obstinate diarrhea were 6.03 % (14/232), 2.25 % (2/89), 0 % (0/17) and 12.31 % (8/65) respectively. The positive rates of Blastocystis homonis in fresh stools of male and female patients with diarrhea were 7.52 % (17/226) and 3.95 % (7/177) respectively, and those of patients in urban and rural areas were 4.56 % (11/241) and 8.02 % (13/162) respectively. There was no significant difference between them (P>0.05). The positive rates of CD(3)(+), CD(4)(+), CD(8)(+) in serum of Blastocystis homonis-positive and-negative individuals were 0.64+/-0.06, 0.44+/-0.06, 0.28+/-0.04 and 0.60+/-0.05, 0.40+/-0.05 and 0.30+/-0.05 respectively, and the ratio of CD(4)(+)/CD(8)(+) of the two groups were 1.53+/-0.34 and 1.27+/-0.22. There was significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of Blastocystis hominis as an enteric pathogen in human seems not to be associated with gender and living environment, and that Blastocystis hominis is more common in stool samples of the patients with diarrhea, especially with chronic diarrhea or obstinate diarrhea. When patients with diarrhea infected by Blastocystis hominis, their cellular immune function decreases, which make it more difficult to be cured.  (+info)

Clinical characteristics and endoscopic findings associated with Blastocystis hominis in healthy adults. (7/54)

Ninety-nine individuals with stools positive for Blastocystis hominis but negative for other parasites were identified from medical records of healthy adults who had received a physical examination at Taipei Veterans General Hospital from November 2000 to October 2002. The medical records of these 99 positive cases and 193 randomly selected controls, matched for age, sex, and date of examination, were retrospectively reviewed. The pathogenicity of B. hominis could not be demonstrated due to a lack of association with the development of gastrointestinal symptoms or pathologic findings on endoscopic examination. Multivariate analyses revealed that chronic hepatitis B infection was a predisposing condition to the acquisition of B. hominis (odd ratio = 2.848, 95% confidence interval = 1.299-6.242, P = 0.009), and concentration of urate was significantly lower in B. hominis-positive individuals (mean +/- SD = 361.64 +/- 87.44 versus 392.57 +/- 93.38 micromol/L; P = 0.009). Among the 64 individuals who underwent gastric biopsy, Helicobacter pylori was found more frequently in the individuals harboring B. hominis (19 of 26 versus 15 of 38; P = 0.017).  (+info)

Irritable bowel syndrome: in search of an etiology: role of Blastocystis hominis. (8/54)

This study was designed to examine stool specimens of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients for Blastocystis hominis, a common intestinal parasite. One hundred fifty patients were enrolled, 95 IBS cases and 55 controls. These patients provided a medical history, and underwent physical and laboratory evaluations that included stool microscopy and culture for B. hominis and colonoscopy. The 95 cases (51 males and 44 females) had a mean +/- SD age of 37.8 +/- 13.2 years. Stool microscopy was positive for B. hominis in 32% (30 of 95) of the cases and 7% (4 of 55) of the controls (P = 0.001). Stool culture was positive in 46% (44 of 95) of the cases and 7% (4 of 55) of the controls (P < 0.001). Stool culture for B. hominis in IBS was more sensitive than microscopy (P < 0.001). Blastocystis hominis was frequently demonstrated in the stool samples of IBS patients; however, its significance in IBS still needs to be investigated. Stool culture has a higher positive yield for B. hominis than stool microscopy.  (+info)

The stools and rectal biopsy specimens of 44 patients with AIDS and diarrhoea were examined by culture, light microscopy, and electron microscopy. In 13 patients examination of rectal biopsy material and faecal samples showed no pathogen, but in two of these, microsporidiosis was found by electron microscopical examination of jejunal biopsy specimens. This organism was also identified electron microscopically in one of the further five jejunal biopsy samples taken from patients with a known cause of diarrhoea. Blastocystis hominis infection was identified electron microscopically in six patients, all of whom had cryptosporidiosis additionally seen by light microscopy. Four of these six patients remained well for long periods, with only moderate diarrhoea, and follow up showed no evidence of blastocystis infection. In only four of 11 patients found to have cryptosporidium in their stools at light microscopy were organisms found at electron microscopy. Viral inclusions were only identified at ...
We determined cytokines (e.g. interleukin-8, 10, 12 and TNF-α) expression by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and in rectal mucosa in diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS) with Blastocystis spp. Eighty patients with D-IBS and Blastocystis spp. infection were classified as cases and 80 with D-IBS without Blastocystis spp. infection were classified as control. Cases were subdivided into D-IBS and Blastocystis sp. defined type 1 (subtype-specific primer SB83) and type 3 (SB227). Stool microscopy and culture were performed. Rectal biopsies were obtained for histology and cytokines by real-time PCR for mRNA expression of cytokines. PBMCs IL-8 was similar in different groups but in type 1, IL-8mRNA was increased compared with type 3 (P = 0·001) and control (P = 0·001). In type 1, IL-10 by PBMCs had a low mean value (14·5±1·6) compared with (16·7±1·5) type 3 and (16±2·3) in controls (P
To determine the distribution of Blastocystis sp. subtypes from Blastocystis cyst excreters, 1,000 fecal samples from patients suspected of enteroparasitic disease were scored for stool consistency, submitted to xenic in vitro culture (XIVC), formol ethyl acetate concentration (FECT) with subsequent isopycnic centrifugation, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with subtype (ST) analysis. Blastocystis was significantly more prevalent in specimens from patients with travel-associated diarrhea (15.6%) than those with persistent diarrhea (8.3%) (P = 0.005). Overall, 115 (11.5%) and 35 (3.5%) specimens were positive by XIVC and FECT, respectively. Blastocystis cysts were detected in 33 (28.7%) of the XIVC-positive specimens. A positive FECT result was associated with ST3 (P = 0.05). The presence of Blastocystis in general or Blastocystis cysts was independent of stool consistency, and no particular ST was significantly associated with cyst identification. In view of these data, the present study indicates
Infections with organisms of the genus BLASTOCYSTIS. The species B. hominis is responsible for most infections. Parasitologic surveys have generally found small numbers of this species in human stools, but higher positivity rates and organism numbers in AIDS patients and other immunosuppressed patients (IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST). Symptoms include ABDOMINAL PAIN; DIARRHEA; CONSTIPATION; VOMITING; and FATIGUE ...
mark rosal ,rosal at mail.netshop.net, writes: ,Hello to everyone, I have rather peristent case of blasocystis hominis, ,and the regular medicines- such a flagy dont seem to be able to get rid ,of it. Can any body help me on this one. I am willing to look at any ,thing if it can specifically knock this bug out. Any and all ,information, suggestions, contacts would be greatly appreciated. Thanks ,--- mark rosal Blastocystis infection is probably the most common parasitic = infection in the world. Some surveys indicate infection rates of 10% in Europe and North America and up to 50% in developing countries. Relatively little is known about Blastocystis hominis compared to = most parasites and not everyone agrees on all points. Approximately = equal numbers of doctors think that it causes disease as those who = do not believe it does. The reason for this is quite simply that = most people infected show no symptoms at all that can be linked to = the presence of the parasite. In any event, the most ...
Although Blastocystis is one of the most common enteric parasites, there is still much controversy surrounding the pathogenicity and potential treatment options for this parasite. In this review we look at the evidence supporting Blastocystis as an intestinal pathogen as shown by numerous case studies and several in vivo studies and the evidence against. We describe the chronic nature of some infections and show the role of Blastocystis in immunocompromised patients and the relationship between irritable bowel syndrome and Blastocystis infection. There have been several studies that have suggested that pathogenicity may be subtype related. Metronidazole is the most widely accepted treatment for Blastocystis but several cases of treatment failure and resistance have been described. Other treatment options which have been suggested include paromomycin and trimethroprim- sulfamethoxazole.
Wawrzyniak, Ivan, Courtine, Damien, Osman, Marwan S., Hubans-Pierlot, Christine, Cian, Amandine, Nourrisson, Celine, Chabe, Magali, Poirier, Philippe, Bart, Aldert, Polonais, Valerie, Delgado-Viscogliosi, Pilar, El Alaoui, Hicham, Belkorchia, Abdel, van Gool, Tom, Tan, Shyong Wei Kevin, Ferreira, Stephanie, Viscoglios, Eric, Delbac, Frederic. (2015). Draft genome sequence of the intestinal parasite Blastocystis subtype 4-isolate WR1. Genomics Data 4 : 22-23. [email protected] Repository. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gdata.2015.01. ...
Blastocystosis is a medical condition caused by infection with Blastocystis, a single-celled parasite that infects the gastrointestinal tract of humans and animals.
Below are some of the more common parasitic infections:. Blastocystis hominis. Although some consider Blastocystis hominis to be a commensal parasite, the more recent research shows that this is a pathogenic parasite. In addition, the research shows that Blastocystis hominis can cause an increase in inflammation (1), and even increase the permeability of the small intestines (2). A case report involving a 49-year old man with Hashimotos Thyroiditis shows that eradicating Blastocystis hominis resulted in a decrease of his thyroid antibodies (3). I personally have had a few patients with Hashimotos test positive for Blastocystis hominis and go into remission upon eradicating it.. Entamoeba histolytica. This is a pathogenic parasite that is associated with intestinal and extraintestinal infections (4). In other words, it not only can affect the intestines, but it can also affect extraintestinal sites such as the liver, brain, and lungs (4). Infection with this pathogen can lead to the disease ...
Tan, T.C.; Ong, S.C.; Suresh, K.G. (2009) Genetic variability of Blastocystis sp isolates obtained from cancer and HIV/AIDS patients. Parasitology Research, 105 (5). pp. 1283-1286. ISSN 0932-0113. Tan, T.C.; Suresh, K.G. (2006) Amoeboid form of Blastocystis hominis - a detailed ultrastructural insight. Parasitology Research, 99 (6). pp. 737-742. ISSN 0932-0113. Tan, T.C.; Suresh, K.G. (2007) Evidence of plasmotomy in Blastocystis hominis. Parasitology Research, 101 (6). pp. 1521-1525. ISSN 0932-0113. Tan, T.C.; Suresh, K.G. (2006) Predominance of amoeboid forms of Blastocystis hominis in isolates from symptomatic patients. Parasitology Research, 98 (3). pp. 189-193. ISSN 0932-0113. Tan, T.C.; Suresh, K.G.; Smith, H.V. (2008) Phenotypic and genotypic characterisation of Blastocystis hominis isolates implicates subtype 3 as a subtype with pathogenic potential. Parasitology Research, 104 (1). pp. 85-93. ISSN 0932-0113. Tan, T.C.; Suresh, K.G.; Thong, K.L.; Smith, H.V. (2006) PCR fingerprinting of ...
Blastocystosis refers to a medical condition caused by infection with Blastocystis. Blastocystis is a protozoal, single-celled parasite that inhabits the gastrointestinal tracts of humans and other animals. Many different types of Blastocystis exist, and they can infect humans, farm animals, birds, rodents, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and even cockroaches. Blastocystosis has been found to be a possible risk factor for development of IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome). There are conflicting reports regarding whether Blastocystis causes disease in humans. These reports resulted in a brief debate in medical journals in the early 1990s between some physicians in the United States who believed that Blastocystis was harmless, and physicians in the United States and overseas who believed it could cause disease. At the time, it was common practice to identify all Blastocystis from humans as Blastocystis hominis, while Blastocystis from animals was identified differently (e.g. Blastocystis ratti from rats). ...
Question - Does these stool test for Blastocystis hominis suggest anything about my chronic diarrhea?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Diarrhea, Ask a General & Family Physician
The impacts can not be the same for each individual and here and there the last outcomes dont need to be a risk to the life. In any case, you should realize that even the ones that dont speak to such a major issue for the wellbeing can have some not all that wonderful symptoms.. 8 Common Symptoms of Parasitic Infection. 1. Fatigue. Dr. Leo Galland,states that the inward parasites are the ones that are in charge of constant weakness that a hefty portion of his patients have.Mostly in this sort of cases, the no one but motivation can be the protozoa class of parasite, that can dwell just by drinking water.. 2. IBS. Almost half of all IBS patients have a parasite called blastocystis hominis. The oral-fecal contact makes this parasite spread.. For example, if a gourmet specialist does not wash his hands completely subsequent to utilizing the restroom, he will open the clients to conceivable blastocystis hominis disease.. 3. Skin Conditions. Mites are parasites that enter into your skin and lay ...
Blastocystis from humans and animals can be divided into at least 12 species, of which several are found in humans Recently, a 29-kDa parasite protein and a parasite-associated protease have received attention as potential markers of pathogenicity It has been suggested that finding |5 parasites per high-power field (40× objective) or, less commonly, by oil…
Hi Don.. Ill try to keep this brief, but I have noticed so many benefits from my Terminator Zapper in such a short period of time, my head is spinning! So you know a little bit about me - Im a 56 year old single male, retired at 53 and loving it!. About eight weeks ago, I was diagnosed with Blastocystis Hominis, a fairly common intestinal parasite. I probably had them for at least six weeks prior to diagnosis, based on how bad I was feeling. It took awhile to realize that something wasnt right. I was craving and eating mostly junk food because this is what the parasites craved. After eating, my stomach would be bloated and the contents would churn and churn as my millions of parasites were dining.. I currently do not have insurance, so $500 later in doctor bills and 7 days of antibiotics that did absolutely nothing to help the situation, except to make me feel worse, and I was done with traditional medicine. I hit my computer and I hit it hard - I had to find an alternate solution for my ...
Hulda Clark suggested that all autoimmune diseases were actually caused by fluke parasites and pollutants. yes she has some good ideas, but I think way to simplified...she blames way to much on flukes, very few people in west have over flukes I think...one can test for several of them, and many people tried fluke medicines without getting better I think she has overlooked things like blastocystis hominis,and also her knowledge about diets seems limited... also her idea that basically all infections can be cured by zappers seems to be just an idea with little evidence...yes I wou ...
This test gives an idea of how well foods are digested and absorbed, gives some products of gut fermentation, looks for blood in the stool, gives counts of bacteria and yeast, identifies those organisms which should not be there and lists antibiotic and/or antifungal preparations, both herbal and drug, to which that micro-organism is sensitive. It also looks for parasitic micro-organisms such as amoeba, blastocystis hominis, cryptosporydia and giardia lamblia and suggests possible treatment options. The stool analysis is carried out at Genova Diagnostics in the USA. ...
Subtype analysis and mutations to antiviral drugs in HIV-1-infected patients from Mozambique before initiation of antiretroviral therapy: Results from the DREAM programme ...
Protozoan parasites, including Blastocystis hominis, Dientamoeba fragilis and a few other amoebas such as Entamoeba Histolytica are single cell parasites which for years were thought to be harmless. During the last 10 to 12 years a number of medical reports have associated these parasites with various problems such as irritable bowel and chronic fatigue. It is interesting that Blastocystis and or Dientamoeba are found in 5% of the general population but up to 30% of people suffering with irritable bowel. Some of the clients contacting us have a history of an acute infection of the digestive track while travelling in the tropics or in countries with poor hygiene. These days many people contract these parasites in the UK ...
A recently described cytotoxic monoclonal antibody (mAb 1D5) raised against Blastocystis hominis isolate B, was tested for reactivity with 13 different isolates of Blastocystis. The isolates used were previously isolated from humans, rats and reptiles and were maintained as axenised cultures throughout the course of this stady. Five B. hominis isolates (B, C, E, G and H) were found to react with mAb 1D5 in immunoblotting studies and the indirect fluorescence antibody test. The pattern of fluorescence observed for all five isolates was diffuse and patchy. Immunoblotting studies revealed that mAb 1D5 reacted with a 29-30-kDa protein found in all five isolates. Results of a cytotoxic assay showed that the mAb exhibited a complement-independent cytotoxic effect on all the exposed isolates. Microscopic observations showed differences in morphology between the Blastocystis cells exposed and unexposed to mAb. Acridine orange staining performed on both exposed and unexposed cells showed similar internal ...
Hello, to anyone who is looking for a parasite treatment for Blastocystis Hominis, try looking up the website badbugs org, or the website for the Centre for Digestive Diseases in Sydney Australia. A ne...
This test is performed on stool samples collected over 3 days and looks for and identifies parasitic micro-organisms such as amoeba, blastocystis hominis, cryptosporydia and giardia lamblia etc. If a more detailed assessment of gut flora is needed, then Comprehensive parasitology might be useful. This test reports on bacterial and yeast flora as well as looking for parasites in the stool samples. It also provides an overview of available treatments for bacterial and yeast dysbiosis. The analysis is carried out at Genova Diagnostics in the USA. ...
1. Central Intelligence Agency. The 2008 coccidia, Cryptosporidium sp dengan https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/th 2. UNAIDS. AIDS Epidemic update: special 8. Duval X and Leport C. Toxoplasmosis in 9. Rao K, Sekar U, Iraivan KT, Abraham G, Soundararajan P. Blastocystis hominis - An 4. Saag MS, Graybill RJ, Larsen RA, Pappas Transplant Recipients. JAPI 2003, 51 :719- 10. Kurniawan A, Karyadi T, Dwintasari SW, Group Cryptococcal Subproject. Guidelines Sari IP, Yunihastuti E, Djauzi S, Smith HV. Intestinal parasitic infections in HIV/AIDS Management of Cryptococcal Disease. Clin Jakarta, Indonesia. Trans R Soc Trop Med and HIV Infection. http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/ 11. Amadi B, Mwiya M, Musuku J, Watuka A, nitazoxanide on morbidity and mortality in Zambian children with cryptosporidiosis: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet.2002 Source: http://www.majalahfk.uki.ac.id/assets/majalahfile/artikel/2008-01-artikel-051.pdf ...
Blastocystis hominus is a parasite that is often found in the stools of healthy people and often recovered from persons having loose stools/GI complaints though it remains unclear whether the...
Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) pose significant public health challenges in school children in developing countries. The aim of this study is to determine prevalence of intestinal parasites among elementary school children in Mizan-Aman town, southwest Ethiopia. Institution-based cross-sectional study involving 460 elementary school children in Mizan-Aman Town was conducted from May to June 2013. The school children were selected using multistage sampling technique. Data on demography and predisposing factors of IPIs were collected using pretested questionnaire. Moreover, single stool specimen was examined microscopically after wet mount and formol-ether sedimentation concentration procedures. Infection intensity of Schistosoma mansoni and soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) was estimated using Kato-Katz egg counting method. Age of the children ranged from 5 to 17 years. Overall, 76.7 % (95%CI: 72.8-80.6) of the children harbored at least one species of intestinal parasite. Eight species of
We have conducted follow-up analyses of the top 10% of SNPs from the ParAllele (Affymetrix) Immune and Inflammation panel in a new set of 584 cases and 768 controls, for a combined sample of 1,009 cases and 1,233 controls. We found that the common SNP rs241447 (MAF 0.26) in TAP2 from the 6p21.3 region showed a significant association with risk of NHL overall after correcting for multiple testing; the association was particularly strong for FL, but was also apparent for DLBCL. Higher TAP2 expression was associated with the risk allele in both FL and DLBCL tumors.. The 6p21.3 region is a large, complex, and immune gene-rich region that has been previously implicated as a susceptibility locus for overall NHL risk (5, 10-12, 15). Furthermore, this region has been flagged as a region of interest for not only for NHL, but also for the specific NHL subtypes of FL (10, 11, 13, 14), DLBCL (5, 10, 15), and familial CLL/SLL (16). In NHL subtype analyses, we found genome-wide significance for the TAP2 SNP ...
Greetings, Eric Bakker, naturopath, author of Candida Crusher.. Today, Id like to do a video about parasites. Particularly about Blastocystis hominis and Dientamoeba fragilis. Now those names maybe sound a bit funny to you, and some people may even think that Im reading a few lines out of Harry Potter or a book like that. But I can tell you now; Im not really talking about witchcraft or giving you any false leads here.. Blastocystis hominis is a very common parasite found in third-world countries. But not just third world, we find it also in many western countries. In fact, its estimated that 25 to 30 percent of people with irritable bowel syndrome have a Blasto infection, so theyre relatively common. These are tiny little parasites and just like Candida albicans, Blasto lives in the digestive system of many, many different people, many healthy people, but it lives in balance and its kept in check by the beneficial bacteria. But when out of balance, Blasto can create a lot of problems for ...
Blastocystis hominis is the most common intestinal protozoan infecting humans in the United States, but it is probably the least understood. The parasite is also the most frequently diagnosed intestinal protozoan in Oregon. Records from the Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center, Corvallis, diagnostic laboratory show 40 cases of Blastocystis in 2006 vs. 10 for Giardia lamblia, a usual cause of gastrointestinal symptoms. Indeed, the prevalence of the infection might be much higher as routine methods used to detect other intestinal protozoans often miss Blastocystis.1 2 Blastocystis has been a medical mystery for years. Many people who carry the organism show no symptoms, while others inexplicably become very ill. Recent research has identified multiple genetically diverse sub-types of Blastocystis which can infect humans,3 and suggested only a specific sub-group is responsible for the disease.4 5 This model would be consistent with research suggesting a phylogenetic link between Blastocystis and
Labile toxin producing enterotoxic E. coli (ETEC) were the commonest pathogen isolated from diarrheal stools of hospitalized children (21%) and adults (26%) in Singapore. Salmonellas ranked a close second in children (19%). Other bacterial pathogens were isolated from less than 5% of subjects. Blastocystis hominis was detected in 4.3% of diarrheal stools when a simple sedimentation technique was used. Cryptosporidium was not detected at all. An analysis of yeast counts in smears of diarrheal and non-diarrheal stools suggested they were etiologically associated with at least 6% of diarrhea in children and 19% in adults. Testing for rotaviruses by Latex agglutination and for adenovirus by electronmicroscopy showed an association with 6 per cent and 3 per cent diarrhea respectively. The study highlighted a need for: case control studies on ETEC and B. hominis; studies on the epidemiology of diarrhea by yeasts; establishing the true incidence of adenovirus diarrhea; studies on the prevalence and seasonality
Its well known among naturopaths and other alternative health practitioners that if one person in a household if infected by H pylori, other family or household members can also be infected.. In clinical practice I see this time and time again.. The trouble is that H pylori doesnt cause symptoms in everyone, so lets set the scene (this is a real life example from a family I worked with a few years ago).. Joyce has a whole bunch of digestive symptoms, but her husband, Colin, did not. Their daughter also had symptoms.. They all did a stool test like this one.. All three of them tested positive for H pylori, and both Joyce and her daughter tested positive for the Blastocystis hominis parasite.. This certainly isnt an isolated case - Ive seen H pylori in different household members on many occasions.. When more than one person in the household has H pylori, it can be passed from person-to-person.. Kissing, sexual contact and possibly even sharing eating and drinking utensils can lead to H ...
Routine Clinical Chemistry Tests. Albumin, Alkaline Phosphatase, ALT/SGPT, Ammonia, Amylase, AST/SGOT, Bilirubin, Blood Gases, BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen), Calcium, Cholesterol, Cholinesterase, Creatinine, CK-MB, Electrolytes (Carbon Dioxide/Bicarbonate, Chloride, Potassium, Sodium), Ferritin, Follate/Folic Acid, Fructosamine, GGT, Glucose, HDL, Iron, LDH, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium, Protein, Sodium, Triglycerides, Troponin, Uric Acid, Urinalysis, Vitamin B12.. Infectious Disease Tests. AIDS/HIV, Adenovirus, Aeromonads, Bartonella, Blastocystis Hominis, Campylobacter, Candida, Chancroid, Chlamydia, Clostridium, Coronavirus, Coxsackievirus, Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, CMV, E. Coli, Echovirus, Encephalitis, Enterovirus, EBV, Giardia, Gonorrhea, Granuloma Inguinale, Hantavirus, H. Pylori, Hepatitis (A, B, C, D, E), Herpes Simplex Virus, Human Herpes Virus-6 (HHV-6), Influenza, Legionella, Lyme disease, Pymphogranuloma, Malaria, Measles, Meningitis, Mononucleosis, Microsporidium, Mononucleosis, ...
A recent study has revealed the importance of monitoring transplant donors and recipients for Mycoplasma hominis infections. Mycoplasma hominis colonies M. hominis is a species of bacteria able to infect and penetrate the interior of human cells. It is notoriously difficult to test [...]. ...
... Worms and other intestinal parasites which infest human beings are found in all countries of the world. However, they are more common in tropical and subtropical areas and are widely prevalent during the rainy seasons. Children are more infested with these worms than adults. There are several types of intestinal worms. The most…
Intestinal parasites infections are a serious public health problem in the world and, in particular, in developing countries like Brazil. They are quite frequent in school-aged children influencing on growth and intellectual development. The data about the real situation of enteroparasitosis are scarce and epidemiological surveys are important not only for monitoring as in actions in preventive medicine. The present study evaluated the presence of intestinal parasites in a day care child center on the outskirts of the city of São Paulo. 21 stool samples were analyzed, being 16 children with an average age of 3 years, and 5 adults, daycare staff. The method used was the coproplus®. Of the total samples analyzed in 17 (81%) was established some kind of intestinal parasite Protozoan species only, and in 8 (47%) had more than one species of parasite. The frequency of the parasites found were: Blastocystis hominis (53%), Endolimax nana (35%), Giardia duodenalis (23%), Cryptosporidium parvum (12%), ...
CancerSubtypes is a package for cancer subtype analysis that includes various functions from dataset processing to result validation. In CancerSubtypes package, we provide a unified framework for analysing cancer subtpes from raw data to result visualisation. The main functions include genomic data pre-processing, cancer subtypes identification, results validation, visualization and comparison. CancerSubtypes provides the common data imputation and normalization methods for the genomic data pre-processing. Meanwhile, there are four feature selection methods to screen the key features in genomic dataset. The common cancer subtypes identification methods are integrated in this package such as Consensus clustering (CC) [From R package ConsensusClusterPlus], Consensus Nonnegative matrix factorization (CNMF) [From R package NMF], Integrative clustering (iCluster)[From R package iCluster], Similarity Network Fusion (SNF) [From R package SNFtool], Combined SNF and CC (SNF.CC) and Weighted Similarity ...
..۞╬╬۞ The smooth solution, with a helping hand, can generate any cell type in the body, the cells of the blastocyst are called totipotent related to their positional identities in embryogenesis. Cell division control machinery pre and postsynaptic 5=HT1 and the aberrant invented formation polarized front to back C. hominis induced outgrouth in silico. NFKB…
Human parasites infect billions of people worldwide every year, and cause numerous health complications, sometimes even leading to death. Treatment of intestinal parasites can be prolonged and sometimes tricky; parasites in the human body have a tendency to develop resistance against commonly administered drugs.
✅ Intestinal parasites are organisms that invade the gastrointestinal tract of humans which acts as hosts for these organisms Protozoa which are single ce
Study Intestinal Parasite I (PART 3) flashcards from Mariah Kinman's class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone or Android app. ✓ Learn faster with spaced repetition.
Intestinal parasites can cause diarrhea, anxiety, fatigue, joint pain, and more. This guide reviews the signs and symptoms of parasites and how to tell if you have one.
According to Kansas State, 34% of dogs in the U.S. have some form of intestinal parasite. Worse, these parasites can be hard for pet parents to spot and can pose a threat to both you and your pets.
Fecal testing for intestinal parasites is important to care for the health of your pet. Testing your pets poop for worms will help to treat disease early.
Table 2: Summary of treatments and efficacy for Blastocystis infection. *^ Amin OM (2002). "Seasonal prevalence of intestinal ... ingestion of cyst, zoonotic infection acquired from pigs (feces) Blastocystosis Blastocystis spp. intestinal direct microscopy ... Blastocystis is now by far the most prevalent mono-infection in symptomatic patients in the United States [14] and was found ... Trematode infection). Blood fluke. *Schistosoma mansoni / S. japonicum / S. mekongi / S. haematobium / S. intercalatum * ...
... is an effective first-line treatment for infection by Blastocystis species and is indicated for the treatment of ... Summary of treatments and efficacy for Blastocystis infection Muñoz P, Valerio M, Eworo A, Bouza E (2011). "Parasitic ... and viral infections. It is indicated for the treatment of infection by Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia in ... Blastocystis is one of the most common intestinal protists of humans. ... A recent study showed that 100% of people from low ...
"Clinical efficacy of Saccharomyces boulardii or metronidazole in symptomatic children with Blastocystis hominis infection". ... The addition of S. boulardii to the standard triple medication protocol for elimination of Helicobacter pylori infection showed ... However, in immunocompromised individuals, S. boulardii has been associated with fungemia or localized infection, which may be ... Tung, Jennifer M; Dolovich, Lisa R; Lee, Christine H (December 2009). "Prevention of Clostridium difficile infection with ...
The study compared patients diagnosed with symptomatic Blastocystis infection to controls who had Blastocystis infection but no ... Experimental infection of mice with Blastocystis hominis]" [Experimental infection of mice with Blastocystis hominis]. Zhongguo ... Chronic angioedema and Blastocystis hominis infection]" [Chronic angioedema and Blastocystis hominis infection]. Revista de ... Like other protozoal infections, the prevalence of Blastocystis infection varies depending on the area investigated and the ...
Regional and temporal variations in those illnesses follow those associated with infection with the protozoan Blastocystis. The ... Blastocystis, and asymptomatic infection". Parasit Vectors. 1 (1): 40. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-1-40. PMC 2627840 . PMID 18937874 ... Infections with helminths may alter the autoimmune response that causes the disease. Trials of extracts from the worm Trichuris ... The skin rashes may be due to infections as well as pyoderma gangrenosum or erythema nodosum. Bowel obstruction also commonly ...
"The other intestinal protozoa: Enteric infections caused by Blastocystis hominis, Entamoeba coli, and Dientamoeba fragilis". ... The cysts cause infection by consuming contaminated food and drinks like waste water. Sometimes insects and rodents carry the ... Saritha Pujari (2015-11-14). "Parasite Entamoeba Coli : Life Cycle, Mode of Infection and Treatment". Yourarticlelibrary.com. ... and these other pathogens might cause infection or illness. Entamoeba species all come in monogenetic forms, or having one ...
Protozoal infections can cause symptoms that mirror specific IBS subtypes, e.g., infection by certain substypes of blastocystis ... suggesting that Blastocystis sp. infection is associated with a variety of gastrointestinal disorders, may play a significant ... Ruling out parasitic infections, lactose intolerance, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, and celiac disease is recommended ... However, increased gut permeability is strongly associated with IBS regardless of whether IBS was initiated by an infection or ...
A 2006 study of gastrointestinal infections in the United States suggested that Blastocystis infection has become the leading ... Blastocystis is a single-celled protozoan which infects the large intestine. Physicians report that patients with infection ... Blastocystis was the most frequently identified protozoal infection found in patients in a 2006 Canadian study. 1918 flu ... Infection with Giardia can produce diarrhea, gas, and abdominal pain in some people. If untreated, infection can be chronic. In ...
... blastocystis infections MeSH C06.405.469.452.269 --- cryptosporidiosis MeSH C06.405.469.452.275 --- dientamoebiasis MeSH ...
... is now by far the most prevalent mono-infection in symptomatic patients in the United States [14] and was found ... So they called Blastocystis from humans Blastocystis hominis and gave different species names to Blastocystis from other ... CDC description of Blastocystis hominis Blastocystis Research Foundation Dientamoeba Fragilis and Blastocystis Hominis ... Some studies have suggested that pathogenicity may be linked to specific subtypes of Blastocystis and experimental infection of ...
"Blastocystis: unravelling potential risk factors and clinical significance of a common but neglected parasite". Epidemiology ... The history of infection and disease were observed in the 1800s and related to the one of the tick-borne diseases, Rocky ... COMMON INFECTIONS AND UNCOMMON DISEASE: ELUSIVE ASSOCIATIONS OF ENTEROVIRUSES AND TYPE I DIABETES MELLITUS". In Knobler, Stacey ... Infections associated with diseases are those that are associated with possible infectious etiologies, that meet the ...
It can be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, parasitic infections, or autoimmune problems such as inflammatory ... Parasites, particularly protozoa (e.g., Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia spp., Entamoeba histolytica, Blastocystis spp., ... These infections are often acquired from food or water that has been contaminated by feces, or directly from another person who ... The most common cause is an infection of the intestines due to either a virus, bacteria, or parasite - a condition also known ...
... blastocystis infections MeSH C03.752.700.700.055.328 --- dysentery, amebic MeSH C03.752.700.700.055.407 --- entamoebiasis MeSH ... strongyle infections, equine MeSH C03.335.349.868 --- toxocariasis MeSH C03.335.508.100 --- adenophorea infections MeSH C03.335 ... secernentea infections MeSH C03.335.508.700.100 --- ascaridida infections MeSH C03.335.508.700.100.060 --- anisakiasis MeSH ... rhabditida infections MeSH C03.335.508.700.700.799 --- strongyloidiasis MeSH C03.335.508.700.750 --- spirurida infections MeSH ...
It can be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, parasitic infections, or autoimmune problems such as inflammatory ... Parasites, particularly protozoa (e.g., Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia spp., Entamoeba histolytica, Blastocystis spp., ... Campylobacter spp. are a common cause of bacterial diarrhea, but infections by Salmonella spp., Shigella spp. and some strains ... Infections. Main article: Infectious diarrhea. There are many causes of infectious diarrhea, which include viruses, bacteria ...
BK virus infection BK virus Black piedra Piedraia hortae Blastocystosis Blastocystis species ... Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection One of the Human papillomaviruses Human parainfluenza virus infection Human parainfluenza ... Infections associated with diseases. References[edit]. *^ Walsh TJ, Dixon DM (1996). Baron S, et al., eds. Spectrum of Mycoses ... Acinetobacter infections Acinetobacter baumannii Actinomycosis Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces gerencseriae and ...
Additionally, Blastocystis species have been shown to have several subtypes that generate cysteine and aspartic protease ... It usually follows an upper respiratory infection and resolves within a couple weeks as the liver clears out the IgA aggregates ... Roberts T, Stark D, Harkness J, Ellis J (2014). "Update on the pathogenic potential and treatment options for Blastocystis sp ... Infection and Immunity. 58 (9): 2733-7. PMC 313560 . PMID 2117567. St Geme JW, de la Morena ML, Falkow S (October 1994). "A ...
"Infection and Immunity. 58 (9): 2733-7. PMC 313560. PMID 2117567.. *^ St Geme JW, de la Morena ML, Falkow S (October 1994). "A ... Additionally, Blastocystis species have been shown to have several subtypes that generate cysteine and aspartic protease ... It usually follows an upper respiratory infection and resolves within a couple weeks as the liver clears out the IgA aggregates ... "Update on the pathogenic potential and treatment options for Blastocystis sp". Gut Pathogens. 6: 17. doi:10.1186/1757-4749-6- ...
... for most nematode infections) Pyrantel pamoate (for most nematode infections) Thiabendazole (for roundworm infections) ... including the protozoal species Blastocystis hominis, C. parvum, Entamoeba histolytica, G. lamblia and Trichomonas vaginalis [ ... for tapeworm infections) Praziquantel (for tapeworm infections) Albendazole (broad spectrum) Praziquantel Rifampin Amphotericin ... A causative agent for eye keratitis infection". Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 153: 714-21. doi:10.1016/j.saa.2015.09 ...
It may be caused by various infections, with bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, or other causes. Common clinical ... Blastocystis homnis, Cryptosporidium (diarrhea in people with immunosuppression), Entamoeba histolytica (produces the amebian ...
Helicobacter pylori infection. Helicobacter pylori. Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). Escherichia coli O157:H7, O111 and O104:H4 ... Ionfhabhtú Blastocystis hominis. Blastocystis hominis. Blastomycosis. Blastomyces dermatitidis. Bolivian hemorrhagic fever. ... Clostridium botulinum; Note: Botulism is not an infection by Clostridium botulinum but caused by the intake of botulinum toxin. ...
... ferredoxin oxidoreductase and is in pre-clinical studies to treat infections of Helicobacter pylori and Clostridium difficile. ... including the protozoal species Blastocystis hominis, C. parvum, Entamoeba histolytica, G. lamblia and Trichomonas vaginalis [ ... shows efficacy against Clostridium difficile in a mouse infection model". Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 56 (8): 4103-11. doi: ... a systemic therapeutic developed for treatment of Clostridium difficile infections that also shows efficacy against ...
... and the stramenopile Blastocystis. The similarity between Nyctotherus and Blastocystis, which are only distantly related, is ... Metronidazole is today recognized as the gold standard chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of anaerobic infections caused ... "Organelles in Blastocystis that Blur the Distinction between Mitochondria and Hydrogenosomes". Current Biology. 18 (8): 580-5. ...
... vivax to model the human malaria infection. The two exposed themselves to the infection, noting the causal itchy bite as a mere ... P. knowlesi infection is normally considered a parasite of long-tailed (Macaca fascicularis) and pig-tailed (Macaca nemestrina ... P. knowlesi infection is diagnosed by examining thick and thin blood films in the same way as other malarias. The appearance of ... Although the current infection rate with Plasmodium knowlesi is relatively low, one risk it presents is misdiagnosis with other ...
... /bəbiːzɪˈoʊsɪs/, also known as babesiasis /bæbɪˈzaɪəsɪs/, is a malaria-like parasitic disease caused by infection ... Only specialized laboratories can adequately diagnose Babesia infection in humans, so Babesia infections are considered highly ... Serologic testing for antibodies against Babesia (both IgG and IgM) can detect low-level infection in cases with a high ... 0920-0728.[25] In 2014, Rhode Island had an incidence of 16.3 reported infections per 100,000 people.[26] ...
Brakhage AA (December 2005). "Systemic fungal infections caused by Aspergillus species: epidemiology, infection process and ... The genus Blastocystis, now in Stramenopiles, was originally classified as a yeast. Ellobiopsis, now in Alveolata, was ... Struck C (2006). "Infection strategies of plant parasitic fungi". In Cooke BM, Jones DG, Kaye B. The Epidemiology of Plant ... Fungi can become the target of infection by mycoviruses. Many fungi produce biologically active compounds, several of which are ...
Systemic fungal infections caused by Aspergillus species: epidemiology, infection process and virulence determinants. Current ... Brumpt E. Blastocystis hominis n. sp. et formes voisines. Bulletin of the Exotic Pathology Society. 1912, 5: 725-30.. ... Infection, Genetics and Evolution. May 2008, 8 (3): 267-85 [2017-06-29]. PMID 18295550. doi:10.1016/j.meegid.2008.01.002. (原始内容 ... Struck C. Infection strategies of plant parasitic fungi. (编) Cooke BM, Jones DG, Kaye B. The Epidemiology of Plant Diseases. ...
Sea trout suffering from UDN with secondary Saprolegnia infections.. Many oomycetes species are economically important, ...
infection were classified as cases and 80 with D-IBS without Blastocystis spp. infection were classified as control. Cases ... with Blastocystis spp. Eighty patients with D-IBS and Blastocystis spp. ... were subdivided into D-IBS and Blastocystis sp. defined type 1 (subtype-specific primer SB83) and type 3 (SB227). Stool ... infection were classified as cases and 80 with D-IBS without Blastocystis spp. infection were classified as control. Cases ...
Therefore, it seems that infection with B. hominis rarely gives rise to clinical symptoms. In no instance was invasion of host ... Abstract The incidence of Blastocystis hominis in a healthy population was determined by fecal examination of 6,422 Japanese ... Epidemiologic Survey of Blastocystis hominis Infection in Japan * Authors: Noriyuki Horiki, Masataka Maruyama, Yoshiyuki Fujita ... Therefore, it seems that infection with B. hominis rarely gives rise to clinical symptoms. In no instance was invasion of host ...
If you have a Blastocystis hominis infection or another gastrointestinal infection, good personal hygiene will help keep you ... You may be able to prevent blastocystis or other gastrointestinal infection by taking a number of precautions while traveling ... Experts do know that the incidence of infection associated with Blastocystis hominis increases in places with inadequate ... Blastocystis hominis (B. hominis) is a microscopic parasite sometimes found in the stools of healthy people as well as in the ...
"Blastocystis Infections" by people in this website by year, and whether "Blastocystis Infections" was a major or minor topic of ... Infections with organisms of the genus BLASTOCYSTIS. The species B. hominis is responsible for most infections. Parasitologic ... "Blastocystis Infections" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Blastocystis Infections" by people in Profiles. ...
Infection with Blastocystis in humans has been associated with abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, fatigue, skin rash, and ... The availability of better diagnostic techniques and treatments for Blastocystis infection may be of value in understanding ... and chronic symptomatic infection. The variation in accounts has lead to disagreements concerning the role of Blastocystis in ... along with the potential role of Blastocystis infection in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Findings are discussed concerning ...
Giardia intestinalis and Blastocystis spp. are two common zoonotic intestinal parasites responsible for the majority of ... The present study detects a high prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection; in particular, Giardia-Blastocystis co-infection ... Blastocystis spp. and Giardia intestinalis co-infection profile in children suffering from acute diarrhea. Zeitschrift:. ... The study was planned to determine the impact role of both Giardia and Blastocystis co-infection in children up to 12 years old ...
... risk factors for infection and subtype distribution of the intestinal parasite Blastocystis sp. from a large-scale multi-center ... Blastocystis sp Intestinal parasite Molecular epidemiology PCR Subtyping Risk factors for infection ... Additional file 3: of Prevalence, risk factors for infection and subtype distribution of the intestinal parasite Blastocystis ... and digestive symptoms in the 143 French patients infected with Blastocystis sp. (DOCX 23 kb) ...
In vitro encystment and experimental infections of Blastocystis hominis. Authors: Suresh, K.. Ng, G.C.. Ramachandran, N.P.. Ho ... In vitro encystment and experimental infections of Blastocystis hominis. Parasitology Research 79 (6) : 456-460. [email protected] ... Cultures of Blastocystis hominis were induced to encyst using three encystation media: (a) an encystation medium (EM) ... juvenile Wistar rats infected with 10000 cyst-like stages of both C and MS isolates showed Blastocystis at day 2 post-infection ...
Blastocystis spp. infection, frequently asked questions, biology and publications. ... Blastocystis is a common microscopic organism that inhabits the intestine and is found throughout the world. A full ... understanding of the biology of Blastocystis and its relationship to other organisms is not clear, but is an active area of ...
Frequently asked questions about Blastocystis spp. and Blastocystis spp. infection. ... How can I prevent infection with Blastocystis?. *Wash your hands with soap and warm water after using the toilet, changing ... What are the symptoms of infection with Blastocystis?. Watery or loose stools, diarrhea, abdominal pain, anal itching, weight ... Is Blastocystis spp. the cause of my symptoms?. The role of Blastocystis in causing disease is controversial among experts. ...
Blastocystis hominis, also known as blastocystis spp or Blastocystis hominis infection, usually clears on its own. There are no ... Blastocystis hominis Open pop-up dialog box Close Blastocystis hominis. Blastocystis hominis. Blastocystis is a microscopic ... If you have Blastocystis hominis or another gastrointestinal infection, good personal hygiene can help keep you from spreading ... Certain forms of the organism might be more likely to be linked to an infection with symptoms. Most commonly, blastocystis ...
Recent studies indicate that the parasite is a species complex and humans are potentially hosts to nine Blastocystis... ... Blastocystis is an enteric protistan parasite of uncertain clinical relevance. ... Oh my aching gut: irritable bowel syndrome, Blastocystis, and asymptomatic infection. Parasit Vectors 2008;1:40.CrossRefPubMed ... Intestinal blockage by carcinoma and Blastocystis hominis infections. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1999;60:400-2.PubMedGoogle Scholar ...
PCR Analysis is Sensitive and Specific for Blastocystis Infection in Jakarta Schoolchilden. ... PCR was sensitive enough and can be used to exclude Blastocystis infection up to 88% of the cases. Subtypes 3 and 1 were the ... BRFs collects, analyzes, and distributes information on peer reviewed studies concerning Blastocystis research. We also assist ... Sixteen PCR samples were successfully sequenced and resulted in three Blastocystis subtypes 1, 3 and 4. In conclusion, ...
Blastocystis infection is associated with irritable bowel syndrome in a Mexican patient population.. Jimenez-Gonzalez DE1, ... Blastocystis was more common in the IBS group (p = 0.043). Interestingly, D. fragilis was found more frequently in the control ... Therefore, Blastocystis subtypes (ST), D. fragilis and gene promoter single nucleotide polymorphisms of interleukin-6 (IL-6) ... In recent times, some common "non-pathogenic" parasites, such as Blastocystis and Dientamoeba fragilis, have been associated to ...
infection in a patient with end stage renal disease on hemodialysis. The patient was admitted due to profuse diarrhea ... Ova and parasite stool examination revealed Blastocystis sp. The patient was given intravenous metronidazole with clinical ... We report an unusual case of severe diarrhea related to Blastocystis sp. ... We report an unusual case of severe diarrhea related to Blastocystis sp. infection in a patient with end stage renal disease on ...
Ninety-eight (19%) samples were positive for Blastocystis in one or more of the diagnostic techniques. The PCR 2 method was the ... This study highlights the low sensitivity of microscopy when used as the sole diagnostic modality for detection of Blastocystis ... most sensitive at detecting Blastocystis with a sensitivity of 94%, and the least sensitive was microscopy of the permanent ... We tested 513 stool samples from patients in Sydney, Australia for Blastocystis by using five diagnostic techniques: microscopy ...
Blastocystis: unknown role in infection. Blastocystis is a protozoan parasite which can be found in the gastrointestinal tract ... A dermatophyte infection is a skin, nail or hair infection caused by fungi which use keratin for growth. Infections may be ... Rural infections series: Rural round up. In the final instalment of the rural series we present a round-up of infections that ... Whether blastocystis is a cause of human disease is very uncertain. Some people found to have stool carriage of blastocystis ...
Blastocystis hominis Infections. Treatment of infections caused by Blastocystis hominis†.100 153 368 371 372 May be effective, ... Blastocystis hominis Infections†. Oral. 750 mg 3 times daily given for 10 days may improve symptoms in some patients.100 153 ... Blastocystis hominis Infections†. Oral. 20-35 mg/kg daily in 3 divided doses given for 10 days may improve symptoms in some ... Bone and Joint Infections. Adjunct for treatment of bone and joint infections caused by Bacteroides, including the B. fragilis ...
Blastocystis Hominis and Blastocystis SPP. Infection. 211. Entamoeba Coli Infection. 212. Giardiasis ...
Blastocystis hominis and Blastocystis spp. Infection. 212. Entamoeba coli Infection. 213. Giardiasis ...
Blastocystis hominis infection. 1/1. 3. 1. Chronic graft-versus-host disease. 1/1. ...
Prevalence and risk factors of Blastocystis hominis infection in inpatients in Jiangjin District, Chongqing City / 中国血吸虫病防治杂志 ... Objective To understand the prevalence and risk factors of Blastocystis hominis infection in inpatients in Jiangjin District, ... Prevalence and risk factors of Blastocystis hominis infection in inpatients in Jiangjin Di ... The highest rate of infection was 19.23% in the age group of 10 to 20 years, followed by 17.74% in the age group of 60 years ...
Generally, the infection rate of Blastocystis parasites was 5.2%, and was considerably higher in the age group of 10-14 years ( ... Geospatial analysis and epidemiological aspects of human infections with Blastocystis homi Geospatial analysis and ... Animals, Domestic , Blastocystis hominis , Blastocystis , Demography , Epidemiology , Geographic Information Systems , Humans ... Blastocystis hominis / Blastocystis / Geographic Information Systems / Spatial Regression / Iran Type of study: Prevalence_ ...
b All protozoan infections including Giardia lamblia and Blastocystis hominis.. c P values are related to total protozoan ... Prevalence and Risk Factors of Giardia lamblia and Blastocystis hominis Infections in Children Under Ten Years Old, Hamadan, ... Frequency of Protozoan Infections According to Mothers Education Level. Figure 2. Frequency of Protozoan Infections According ... Prevalence and Risk Factors of Giardia lamblia and Blastocystis hominis Infections in Children Under Ten Years Old, Hamadan, ...
Effect of trimethoprim-sulfamethaxazole in Blastocystis hominis infection. Am J Gastroenterol 94:3245-3247PubMedCrossRefGoogle ... Infection-related diarrhea and colitis. The diagnosis of infection-related diarrhea should trigger adequate hygiene measures [ ... metronidazole has been established as the treatment of choice for Blastocystis spp. infection [190] (AII t ). Alternatives, the ... A placebo-controlled treatment trial of Blastocystis hominis infection with metronidazole. J Travel Med 10:128-130PubMed ...
  • We determined cytokines (e.g. interleukin-8, 10, 12 and TNF-α) expression by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and in rectal mucosa in diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS) with Blastocystis spp. (aku.edu)
  • Which is a very remarkable observation, and maybe more interesting than the rest of the data, which I, by the way, find a bit difficult to follow (I expected to learn something about Blastocystis invasion, when I read the title of the abstract, but there is no data or information on invasiveness. (blastocystis.net)
  • Early diagnosis of parasitic diseases, especially of the opportunistic infections, is gaining importance daily and pathologists now have the chance to make rapid diagnoses of these disorders by examining tissues and body fluids. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • Viral inclusions were only identified at electron microscopy in one of 10 patients with an opportunistic viral infection seen at light microscopy (cytomegalovirus n = 7, herpes simplex virus n = 3). (bmj.com)
  • Intestinal parasitic infections are among intestinal opportunistic agents, such as Cryptosporidium the most common infections world-wide. (who.int)
  • It is possible that some psychiatric conditions are caused by gut microbes fermenting neurotransmitters to create amphetamine and LSD like substances - this is not my idea but that of a Japanese researcher Katsunari Nishihara, presented in his paper "Disclosure of the major causes of mental illness-mitochondrial deterioration in brain neurons via opportunistic infection" published in the Journal of Biological Physics and Chemistry 12 (2012) 11-18. (drmyhill.co.uk)
  • Rhizopus oryzae is the most prevalent causative agent of mucormycosis, an increasingly reported opportunistic fungal infection. (asm.org)
  • Poulsen CS, Efunshile AM, Nelson JA, Stensvold CR (2016) Epidemiological aspects of Blastocystis colonization in children in Ilero, Nigeria. (springermedizin.de)
  • Molecular characterization of Blastocystis isolates in the Philippines by riboprinting. (nih.gov)
  • Molecular characterization of Blastocystis isolates from birds by PCR with diagnostic primers and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of the small subunit ribosomal RNA gene. (nih.gov)
  • Recent molecular characterization of Blastocystis isolates suggested that there are 13 subtypes (ST1-ST13) which have been isolated from mammalian, reptilian, avian and amphibian hosts (U. Parkar et al. (ukessays.com)
  • Pathogens can pass into milk directly via an infection in the animal, e.g. mastitis in the udder, or indirectly from the farm environment during the milking process, e.g. faecal contamination. (bpac.org.nz)
  • These pathogens affecting HIV infected patients, constituting a infections are caused both by protozoa and helminths and major secondary aggravating factor of the disease. (who.int)
  • An association with H. pylori infection has been reported in up to 60 % of patients with chronic abdominal pain (8), a higher proportion than the 22.3 % in the present series. (isciii.es)
  • Blastocystis is a common microscopic organism that inhabits the intestine and is found throughout the world. (cdc.gov)
  • Blastocystis hominis is a microscopic organism that sometimes is found in the stools of people who have ingested contaminated food or water. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Four of these six patients remained well for long periods, with only moderate diarrhoea, and follow up showed no evidence of blastocystis infection. (bmj.com)
  • The majority of infections are probably asymptomatic but some are associated with subacute or chronic diarrhoea and intestinal irritation , which contribute to malabsorption and nutritional deficiency especially in children [4, (who.int)
  • Recent research has identified multiple genetically diverse sub-types of Blastocystis which can infect humans,3 and suggested only a specific sub-group is responsible for the disease.4 5 This model would be consistent with research suggesting a phylogenetic link between Blastocystis and Entamoeba .8 If Blastocystis follows Entamoeba's pattern, some subtypes would be harmless while others would cause mild to severe, possibly disabling infection. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Most commonly, blastocystis simply lives in a person's digestive tract without causing harm. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Although commonly detected in humans, microorganisms identified as Blastocystis have also been isolated from a wide range of animals, such as primates, pigs, cattle, birds, amphibians and, less frequently , rodents and insects. (scielo.org.pe)
  • The two most commonly Blastocystis subtypes (STs) found were ST3 and ST4, accounting for 20 of the 31 samples positive for Blastocystis. (diva-portal.org)
  • Campylobacter infection is one of the most commonly reported foodborne diseases in Australia however, reported Campylobacter outbreaks are rare. (health.gov.au)
  • Stool samples collected from 125 children, within a period of 7 months, were examined using direct wet mount and trichrome stain in comparison to in vitro culture on Jones medium (for detecting Blastocystis spp. (springermedizin.de)
  • All stool samples were cultivated, and 550-bp fragments of the small subunit ribosomal RNA gene was amplified from Blastocystis -positive cultures. (springermedizin.de)
  • No precise statistics exist regarding the geographical distribution of Blastocystis that would enable the identification of high-risk communities. (bvsalud.org)
  • This study aimed to determine the distribution of Blastocystis STs in an urban community in Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Alfellani MA, Stensvold CR, Vidal-Lapiedra A, Onuoha ES, Fagbenro-Beyioku AF, Clark CG (2013) Variable geographic distribution of Blastocystis subtypes and its potential implications. (springer.com)
  • In studies carried out by Johnson, Thanou, Boreham and Baverstock (1989), with the ribosomal RNA of this organism, they neither found similarity with Saccharomyces nor sporozoans, suggesting that Blastocystis is not related to those groups. (scielo.org.pe)
  • Blastocystis is a very peculiar organism in that it especially likes grains. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • 1,2,3 Factors contributing to the relative infrequency of Campylobacter outbreaks have been discussed elsewhere and include the nature of the organism and its epidemiology, lack of follow-up of campylobacter infections and lack of detailed strain characterisation. (health.gov.au)
  • The addition of S. boulardii to the standard triple medication protocol for elimination of Helicobacter pylori infection showed a significant increase in eradication rates in a meta-analysis, though eradication rates were still not exceptional. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mucosal inflammation produced by H. pylori infection or parasitisation can produce a sensitization of afferent nerves and the onset of visceral hyperalgesia. (isciii.es)
  • I used it to make a starter for a Turkish drink called 'boza' which is very good for Candida infection. (bodykind.com)
  • Familiar examples of localized Candida infections are oral thrush and vulvovaginal candidiasis, while candidal esophagitis and disseminated Candida fungemia represent invasive and systemic manifestations. (townsendletter.com)
  • If you use these kits rather than medications to eradicate the Blastocystis you may avoid further side-effects or worsening of your health if you have a mild candida infection. (kroegerhealer.com)
  • As an expert in treating any type of Candida Infection, I would never recommend someone take a medication such as Nystatin to remove the yeast when eradicating protozoans. (kroegerhealer.com)
  • In part some of this misunderstanding develops because clinicians fail to distinguish between local Candida infections and those which are systemic , and here I want to speak a little about the difference and how systemic infections are approached when it comes to contemporary treatments. (yeastinfection.org)
  • However when a Candida infection becomes systemic this means it has broken through the defensive barrier of the body at some point and has traveled through it, usually by way of the blood , to set up infections in organs or joints. (yeastinfection.org)
  • When it comes to contemporary treatments for local Candida infections, I am always loathe to utilize any of the ' zole ' drugs and much prefer Nystatin . (yeastinfection.org)
  • After 6 weeks of treatment, there was a complete disappearance of Entamoeba hartmanni in 4 cases and Blastocystis hominis in 8 cases. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • Some infected samples (70/486) showed double or triple infections and G. lamblia was combined with Hymenolepis nana, Blastocystis hominis, Entamoeba histolytica and Iodamoeba buetschlii. (who.int)
  • Certains échantillons infectés (70/486) présentaient une double ou une triple infection et G. lamblia était associé à Hymenolepis nana, Blastocystis hominis, Entamoeba histolytica et Iodamoeba buetschlii. (who.int)