A genus of protozoa of the suborder BLASTOCYSTINA. It was first classified as a yeast but further studies have shown it to be a protozoan.
Infections with organisms of the genus BLASTOCYSTIS. The species B. hominis is responsible for most infections. Parasitologic surveys have generally found small numbers of this species in human stools, but higher positivity rates and organism numbers in AIDS patients and other immunosuppressed patients (IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST). Symptoms include ABDOMINAL PAIN; DIARRHEA; CONSTIPATION; VOMITING; and FATIGUE.
Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.

Isolate resistance of Blastocystis hominis to metronidazole. (1/54)

Isolates of Blastocystis hominis from infected immigrant workers from Indonesia, Bangladesh and infected individuals from Singapore and Malaysia were assessed for growth pattern and degree of resistance to different concentrations of metronidazole. Viability of the cells was assessed using eosin-brillian cresyl blue which stained viable cells green and nonviable cells red. The Bangladeshi and Singaporean isolates were nonviable even at the lowest concentration of 0.01 mg/ml, whereas 40% of the initial inoculum of parasites from the Indonesian isolate at day one were still viable in cultures with 1.0 mg/ml metronidazole. The study shows that isolates of B. hominis of different geographical origin have different levels of resistance to metronidazole. The search for more effective drugs to eliminate th parasite appears inevitable, especially since surviving parasites from metronidazole cultures show greater ability to multiply in subcultures than controls.  (+info)

Intestinal blockage by carcinoma and Blastocystis hominis infection. (2/54)

We detected heavy infections of Blastocystis hominis in four individuals with intestinal obstruction due to cancerous growths. After surgery, the infections spontaneously resolved, without specific chemotherapy. It appears that the B. hominis infection was coincidental and not related to the neoplastic growth. We suggest that intestinal obstruction and concomitant stool retention, plus hemorrhage from cancerous lesions, may have permitted the more abundant growth of B. hominis. This is the first report of a possible relationship between intestinal obstruction and a concomitant B. hominis infection.  (+info)

Genomic analysis of Blastocystis hominis strains isolated from two long-term health care facilities. (3/54)

The genotype Blastocystis hominis is highly polymorphic. Therefore, a genetic marker would be a powerful tool for the identification or classification of B. hominis subtypes and could be used as a means to resolve the transmission route or origin of the parasite. To this end, 32 B. hominis isolates were collected from patients and/or staff members of two long-term health care facilities (facilities A and B), and these organisms were subjected to genotype analysis based on diagnostic PCR primers and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of small subunit rRNA gene (rDNA). Based on PCR amplification using diagnostic primers which were developed from randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis of known strains of B. hominis, the 32 isolates of B. hominis were classified into three different subtypes. Thirty isolates, including twenty-four that were isolated from patients and a staff member, from facility A and all isolates isolated from six patients from facility B showed the same genotype. Two of six patients of facility B had been transferred from facility A, and these two patients also had the same-genotype B. hominis that corresponded to 24 isolates from facility A. This genotype strain may have been transmitted by these two patients from facility A to facility B, suggesting human-to-human transmission. In contrast, 2 of 26 isolates from facility A showed distinct genotypes, suggesting that the colonization by these two isolates is attributable to another infectious route. These different subtypes were subjected to RFLP analysis, and the RFLP profiles were correlated with the results obtained by diagnostic PCR primers. This study presents the first molecular evidence of possible human-to-human B. hominis infection between and/or among two small communities.  (+info)

Clinical significance and frequency of Blastocystis hominis in Turkish patients with hematological malignancy. (4/54)

The effect of Blastocystis hominis (B. hominis) in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised subjects has been the subject of debate in recent years, mostly in response to its unknown pathogenicity and frequency of occurrence. We performed a non-randomised, open labelled, single institute study in our hospital in order to investigate the clinical significance and frequency of B. hominis in patients suffering from hematological malignancy (HM) who displayed symptoms of gastrointestinal diseases during the period of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. The presence and potential role of other intestinal inclusive of parasites were also studied. At least 3 stool samples from each of 206 HM patients with gastrointestinal complaints (the HM group) were studied. These were compared with stool samples from a control group of 200 patients without HM who were also suffering from gastrointestinal complaints. Samples were studied with saline-lugol, formalin-ether, and trichome staining methods. Groups were comparable in terms of gender, age and type of gastrointestinal complaints. In the HM group, the most common parasite was B. hominis. In this group, 23 patients (13%) had B. hominis, while in the control group only 2 patients (1%) had B. hominis. This difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Symptoms were non-specific for B. hominis or other parasites in the HM group. The predominant symptoms in both groups were abdominal pain (87-89.5%), diarrhea (70-89.5%), and flatulence (74-68.4%). Although all patients with HM were symptom-free at the end of treatment with oral metranidazol (1,500 mg per day for 10 days) 2 patients with HM had positive stool samples containing an insignificant number of parasites (< 5 cells per field). In conclusion, it appears that B. hominis is not rare and should be considered in patients with HM who have gastrointestinal complaints while being treated with chemotherapy. Furthermore, metranidazol appears to be effective in treating B. hominis infection.  (+info)

Ribodemes of Blastocystis hominis isolated in Japan. (5/54)

To determine if genetic diversity of Blastocystis hominis exists in Japan, we monitored 64 B. hominis-infected people: 39 asymptomatic people whose infections were detected during routine medical check-ups (32 Japanese and 7 non-Japanese) and 25 patients with gastrointestinal symptoms who visited the outpatient clinics of St. Luke's International Hospital (19 Japanese and 6 non-Japanese). We detected 6 known and 2 new riboprint patterns in isolates from the infected people. There were no differences in the distribution of ribodemes between isolates from Japanese and non-Japanese people, similar to that in other countries. However, we noted a possible relationship between ribodeme type and pathogenicity. The results suggest that ribodemes I, III, and VI may be responsible for gastrointestinal symptoms.  (+info)

Epidemiological survey of Blastocystis hominis in Huainan City, Anhui Province, China. (6/54)

AIM: To provide scientific evidence for prevention and controlling of blastocystosis, the infection of Blastocystis homonis and to study its clinical significance in Huainan City, Anhui Province, China. METHODS: Blastocystis homonis in fresh stools taken from 100 infants, 100 pupils, 100 middle school students and 403 patients with diarrhea was smeared and detected with method of iodine staining and hematoxylin staining. After preliminary direct microscopy, the shape and size of Blastocystis homonis were observed with high power lens. The cellular immune function of the patients with blastocystosis was detected with biotin-streptavidin (BSA). RESULTS: The positive rates of Blastocystis homonis in fresh stools taken from the infants, pupils, middle school students and the patients with diarrhea, were 1.0 % (1/100), 1.0 % (1/100), 0 % (0/100) and 5.96 % (24/403) respectively. Furthermore, the positive rates of Blastocystis homonis in the stool samples taken from the patients with mild diarrhea, intermediate diarrhea, severe diarrhea and obstinate diarrhea were 6.03 % (14/232), 2.25 % (2/89), 0 % (0/17) and 12.31 % (8/65) respectively. The positive rates of Blastocystis homonis in fresh stools of male and female patients with diarrhea were 7.52 % (17/226) and 3.95 % (7/177) respectively, and those of patients in urban and rural areas were 4.56 % (11/241) and 8.02 % (13/162) respectively. There was no significant difference between them (P>0.05). The positive rates of CD(3)(+), CD(4)(+), CD(8)(+) in serum of Blastocystis homonis-positive and-negative individuals were 0.64+/-0.06, 0.44+/-0.06, 0.28+/-0.04 and 0.60+/-0.05, 0.40+/-0.05 and 0.30+/-0.05 respectively, and the ratio of CD(4)(+)/CD(8)(+) of the two groups were 1.53+/-0.34 and 1.27+/-0.22. There was significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of Blastocystis hominis as an enteric pathogen in human seems not to be associated with gender and living environment, and that Blastocystis hominis is more common in stool samples of the patients with diarrhea, especially with chronic diarrhea or obstinate diarrhea. When patients with diarrhea infected by Blastocystis hominis, their cellular immune function decreases, which make it more difficult to be cured.  (+info)

Clinical characteristics and endoscopic findings associated with Blastocystis hominis in healthy adults. (7/54)

Ninety-nine individuals with stools positive for Blastocystis hominis but negative for other parasites were identified from medical records of healthy adults who had received a physical examination at Taipei Veterans General Hospital from November 2000 to October 2002. The medical records of these 99 positive cases and 193 randomly selected controls, matched for age, sex, and date of examination, were retrospectively reviewed. The pathogenicity of B. hominis could not be demonstrated due to a lack of association with the development of gastrointestinal symptoms or pathologic findings on endoscopic examination. Multivariate analyses revealed that chronic hepatitis B infection was a predisposing condition to the acquisition of B. hominis (odd ratio = 2.848, 95% confidence interval = 1.299-6.242, P = 0.009), and concentration of urate was significantly lower in B. hominis-positive individuals (mean +/- SD = 361.64 +/- 87.44 versus 392.57 +/- 93.38 micromol/L; P = 0.009). Among the 64 individuals who underwent gastric biopsy, Helicobacter pylori was found more frequently in the individuals harboring B. hominis (19 of 26 versus 15 of 38; P = 0.017).  (+info)

Irritable bowel syndrome: in search of an etiology: role of Blastocystis hominis. (8/54)

This study was designed to examine stool specimens of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients for Blastocystis hominis, a common intestinal parasite. One hundred fifty patients were enrolled, 95 IBS cases and 55 controls. These patients provided a medical history, and underwent physical and laboratory evaluations that included stool microscopy and culture for B. hominis and colonoscopy. The 95 cases (51 males and 44 females) had a mean +/- SD age of 37.8 +/- 13.2 years. Stool microscopy was positive for B. hominis in 32% (30 of 95) of the cases and 7% (4 of 55) of the controls (P = 0.001). Stool culture was positive in 46% (44 of 95) of the cases and 7% (4 of 55) of the controls (P < 0.001). Stool culture for B. hominis in IBS was more sensitive than microscopy (P < 0.001). Blastocystis hominis was frequently demonstrated in the stool samples of IBS patients; however, its significance in IBS still needs to be investigated. Stool culture has a higher positive yield for B. hominis than stool microscopy.  (+info)

Blastocystis infections are more common in tropical and subtropical regions, where sanitation and hygiene conditions are poor. They can affect people of all ages, but are more prevalent in children and individuals with weakened immune systems.

The symptoms of Blastocystis infection can be similar to other gastrointestinal infections, making diagnosis challenging. The infection is typically diagnosed through the examination of stool samples under a microscope or using molecular diagnostic techniques such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

Treatment for Blastocystis infection typically involves antiparasitic medications, such as trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole or nitazoxanide. In some cases, symptoms may persist after treatment, and recurrence of the infection is common. Therefore, it is important for individuals with Blastocystis infection to maintain good hygiene practices, such as washing their hands regularly and avoiding contaminated food and water.

Prevention measures for Blastocystis infections include improving sanitation and hygiene conditions, especially in areas where the parasite is common. This can help reduce the risk of infection and transmission. Additionally, individuals can take steps to reduce their risk of infection by avoiding undercooked meat, unpasteurized dairy products, and contaminated water.

In conclusion, Blastocystis infections are a type of parasitic infection that can cause a range of symptoms and can be challenging to diagnose. Treatment typically involves antiparasitic medications, and prevention measures include improving sanitation and hygiene conditions and avoiding risky behaviors.

Some common types of intestinal diseases, parasitic include:

1. Amoebiasis: This is an infection caused by the amoeba Entamoeba histolytica, which can cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever.
2. Giardiasis: This is an infection caused by the parasite Giardia duodenalis, which can cause diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and weight loss.
3. Cryptosporidiosis: This is an infection caused by the parasite Cryptosporidium parvum, which can cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever.
4. Isosporiasis: This is an infection caused by the parasite Isospora belli, which can cause diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and weight loss.
5. Tapeworm infections: These are infections caused by tapeworms, such as Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm) and Dipylidium caninum (dog tapeworm), which can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, and weight loss.
6. Strongyloidiasis: This is an infection caused by the parasite Strongyloides stercoralis, which can cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fatigue.

Intestinal diseases, parasitic can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests such as stool samples or blood tests. Treatment depends on the specific type of infection and may include antiparasitic medications, anti-diarrheal medications, and supportive care to manage symptoms.

The study compared patients diagnosed with symptomatic Blastocystis infection to controls who had Blastocystis infection but no ... Experimental infection of mice with Blastocystis hominis]" [Experimental infection of mice with Blastocystis hominis]. Zhongguo ... Chronic angioedema and Blastocystis hominis infection]" [Chronic angioedema and Blastocystis hominis infection]. Revista de ... Like other protozoal infections, the prevalence of Blastocystis infection varies depending on the area investigated and the ...
"Clinical efficacy of Saccharomyces boulardii or metronidazole in symptomatic children with Blastocystis hominis infection". ... S. boulardii showed reduction of relapses in some specific patients with recurrent Clostridium difficile infection and may be ... The addition of S. boulardii to the standard triple medication protocol for elimination of Helicobacter pylori infection showed ... In immunocompromised individuals, S. boulardii has been associated with fungemia or localized infection, which may be fatal. ...
Blastocystis, and asymptomatic infection". Parasites & Vectors. 1 (1): 40. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-1-40. PMC 2627840. PMID ... Fungal infection such as candidiasis is also common due to the immunosuppression required in the treatment of the disease. ... The skin rashes may be due to infections as well as pyoderma gangrenosum or erythema nodosum. Bowel obstruction may occur as a ... Parker W (December 2017). "Not infection with parasitic worms, but rather colonization with therapeutic helminths". Immunology ...
Blastocystis is now by far the most prevalent mono-infection in symptomatic patients in the United States [14] and was found ... Blastocystis, and asymptomatic infection". Parasit Vectors. 1 (1): 40. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-1-40. PMC 2627840. PMID 18937874. ... Summary of treatments and efficacy for Blastocystis infection {{cite journal}}: External link in ,quote= (help) El Safadi D, ... Blastocystis is one of the most common intestinal protists of humans. ... A recent study showed that 100% of people from low ...
Hotez, Peter (July 2000). "The other intestinal protozoa: Enteric infections caused by Blastocystis hominis, Entamoeba coli, ... The cysts cause infection by consuming contaminated food and drinks like waste water. Sometimes insects and rodents carry the ... Saritha Pujari (2015-11-14). "Parasite Entamoeba Coli : Life Cycle, Mode of Infection and Treatment". Yourarticlelibrary.com. ... and these other pathogens might cause infection or illness. Entamoeba species all come in monogenetic forms, or having one ...
Protozoal infections can cause symptoms that mirror specific IBS subtypes, e.g., infection by certain substypes of Blastocystis ... The risk of developing IBS increases six-fold after acute gastrointestinal infection. Post-infection, further risk factors are ... suggesting that Blastocystis sp. infection is associated with a variety of gastrointestinal disorders, may play a significant ... Ruling out parasitic infections, lactose intolerance, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, and coeliac disease is recommended ...
A 2006 study of gastrointestinal infections in the United States suggested that Blastocystis infection has become the leading ... Blastocystis is a single-celled protozoan which infects the large intestine. Physicians report that patients with infection ... Blastocystis was the most frequently identified protozoal infection found in patients in a 2006 Canadian study. 1918 flu ... Infection with Giardia can produce diarrhea, gas, and abdominal pain in some people. If untreated, infection can be chronic. In ...
... is an effective first-line treatment for infection by Blastocystis species and is indicated for the treatment of ... Summary of treatments and efficacy for Blastocystis infection {{cite journal}}: External link in ,quote= (help) Muñoz P, ... and viral infections. It is indicated for the treatment of infection by Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia in ... Blastocystis is one of the most common intestinal protists of humans. ... A recent study showed that 100% of people from low ...
However, Blastocystis has never fulfilled Koch's postulate that infection of a healthy individual with Blastocystis leads to ... So they called Blastocystis from humans Blastocystis hominis and gave different species names to Blastocystis from other ... CDC description of Blastocystis hominis Blastocystis Research Foundation Dientamoeba Fragilis and Blastocystis Hominis ... Blastocystis is now by far the most prevalent mono-infection in symptomatic patients in the United States [14] and was found ...
... blastocystis infections MeSH C06.405.469.452.269 - cryptosporidiosis MeSH C06.405.469.452.275 - dientamoebiasis MeSH C06.405. ...
"Blastocystis subtypes detected in humans and animals from Colombia". Infection, Genetics and Evolution. Elsevier BV. 22: 223- ... T. episcopus is commonly infected with Blastocystis parasites, specifically Subtype 6 (ST6) which was exclusive to birds in ...
"Blastocystis: unravelling potential risk factors and clinical significance of a common but neglected parasite". Epidemiology ... Infections associated with diseases are those infections that are associated with possible infectious etiologies that meet the ... The history of infection and disease were observed in the 1800s and related to the one of the tick-borne diseases, Rocky ... COMMON INFECTIONS AND UNCOMMON DISEASE: ELUSIVE ASSOCIATIONS OF ENTEROVIRUSES AND TYPE I DIABETES MELLITUS". In Knobler, Stacey ...
It can be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, parasitic infections, or autoimmune problems such as inflammatory ... Parasites, particularly protozoa e.g., Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia spp., Entamoeba histolytica, Blastocystis spp., Cyclospora ... These infections are often acquired from food or water that has been contaminated by feces, or directly from another person who ... The most common cause is an infection of the intestines due to either a virus, bacterium, or parasite-a condition also known as ...
... blastocystis infections MeSH C03.752.700.700.055.328 - dysentery, amebic MeSH C03.752.700.700.055.407 - entamoebiasis MeSH ... adenophorea infections MeSH C03.335.508.100.275 - enoplida infections MeSH C03.335.508.100.275.882 - trichinosis MeSH C03.335. ... secernentea infections MeSH C03.335.508.700.100 - ascaridida infections MeSH C03.335.508.700.100.060 - anisakiasis MeSH C03.335 ... rhabditida infections MeSH C03.335.508.700.700.799 - strongyloidiasis MeSH C03.335.508.700.750 - spirurida infections MeSH ...
Additionally, Blastocystis species have been shown to have several subtypes that generate cysteine and aspartic protease ... It usually follows an upper respiratory infection and resolves within a couple weeks as the liver clears out the IgA aggregates ... Roberts T, Stark D, Harkness J, Ellis J (2014). "Update on the pathogenic potential and treatment options for Blastocystis sp ... Infection and Immunity. 58 (9): 2733-7. doi:10.1128/IAI.58.9.2733-2737.1990. PMC 313560. PMID 2117567. St Geme JW, de la Morena ...
Antibiotics such as metronidazole for bacteria infection, antiviral drug therapy for viral infection and anti-helminths for ... Blastocystis homnis, Cryptosporidium (diarrhea in people with immunosuppression), Entamoeba histolytica (produces the amebian ... It may be caused by various infections, with bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, or other causes. Common clinical ... parasitic infections[citation needed] Gastroenteritis McFarland, Joseph (1904). A Text-book of Pathology: For Practitioners and ...
... for most nematode infections) Pyrantel pamoate (for most nematode infections) Thiabendazole (for roundworm infections) ... including the protozoal species Blastocystis hominis, C. parvum, Entamoeba histolytica, G. lamblia and Trichomonas vaginalis [ ... for tapeworm infections) Praziquantel (for tapeworm infections) Albendazole (broad spectrum) Praziquantel Rifampin Amphotericin ... The Egg hatch assay can be used to determine whether a parasite causing an infection has become resistant to standard drug ...
The similarity between Nyctotherus and Blastocystis, which are only distantly related, is believed to be the result of ... metronidazole is recognized as a standard chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of anaerobic infections. Since their ... April 2008). "Organelles in Blastocystis that blur the distinction between mitochondria and hydrogenosomes". Current Biology. ... and the stramenopile Blastocystis. Due to the fact that many organisms have evolved to fit their anaerobic environments, a ...
... ferredoxin oxidoreductase and is in pre-clinical studies to treat infections of Helicobacter pylori and Clostridium difficile. ... including the protozoal species Blastocystis hominis, C. parvum, Entamoeba histolytica, G. lamblia and Trichomonas vaginalis [ ... shows efficacy against Clostridium difficile in a mouse infection model". Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 56 (8): 4103-11. doi: ... a systemic therapeutic developed for treatment of Clostridium difficile infections that also shows efficacy against ...
Brakhage AA (December 2005). "Systemic fungal infections caused by Aspergillus species: epidemiology, infection process and ... The genus Blastocystis, now in Stramenopiles, was originally classified as a yeast. Ellobiopsis, now in Alveolata, was ... Struck C (2006). "Infection strategies of plant parasitic fungi". In Cooke BM, Jones DG, Kaye B (eds.). The Epidemiology of ... Koeck, M.; Hardham, A.R.; Dodds; P.N. (2011). "The role of effectors of biotrophic and hemibiotrophic fungi in infection". ...
The retroviruses (or virogenes) are always passed on to the next generation of that organism that received the infection. This ... Blastocystis hominis, and Giardia intestinalis. Remnant chloroplast organelles (leucoplasts) in non-photosynthetic algae ... Endogenous retroviruses (or ERVs) are remnant sequences in the genome left from ancient viral infections in an organism. ... a common group of disease resistance genes involved in recognizing new infections. When Bomblies removed the problematic gene, ...
The presence of urticaria associated with Blastocystic Hominis infection has been described in very few studies. To the best of ... Chronic angioedema and blastocystis hominis infection] Rev Gastroenterol Peru. 2007 Apr-Jun;27(2):191-3. ... This case helps to encourage studies to establish an association between the infection by Blastocystis hominis and the presence ... The presence of urticaria associated with Blastocystic Hominis infection has been described in very few studies. To the best of ...
Blastocystis spp. infection, frequently asked questions, biology and publications. ... Blastocystis is a common microscopic organism that inhabits the intestine and is found throughout the world. A full ... understanding of the biology of Blastocystis and its relationship to other organisms is not clear, but is an active area of ...
Categories: Blastocystis Infections Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
Blastocystis isolates and detect mixed infections (5). We identified ST3 in all the analyzed compartments. Mixed infection with ... suggest that Blastocystis infection could be associated with appendicitis. Nevertheless, the actual role of Blastocystis in the ... Reports of Blastocystis infection associated with diarrhea and clinical symptoms in immunocompetent and immunocompromised ... Although tinidazole is not the first line medication for treatment of Blastocystis infection, the child recovered completely ...
Indication : Treatment of susceptible protozoal infections eg, amoebiasis, balantidiasis, Blastocystis hominis infections, ... peri-op prophylaxis to reduce incidence of post-op bacterial infections in patients at high risk for such infections. ... Indication : Infections caused by susceptible anaerobic microorganisms; ...
Prevalence and risk factors for intestinal protozoan infections with Cryptosporidium, Giardia, Blastocystis and Dientamoeba ... Water-borne parasitic infections are caused by pathogenic parasites in water. The infections can be acquired not only through ... Global numbers of infection and disease burden of soil transmitted helminth infections in 2010. Parasit Vectors. 2014 Jan 21;7: ... High rates of infection were clearly related to contamination of tap water and contact with animals in urban areas (67). Direct ...
Infection with Blastocystis spp. and its association with enteric infections and environmental enteric dysfunction among slum- ... Changing Epidemiology of Acute Respiratory Infections in Under-Two Children in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Vidal, Karine; Sultana, ... The Influence of FUT2 and FUT3 Polymorphisms and Nasopharyngeal Microbiome on Respiratory Infections in Breastfed Bangladeshi ...
Circulation and colonisation of Blastocystis subtypes in schoolchildren of various ethnicities in rural northern Thailand ... Epidemiology and Infection is a fully open access journal publishing original reports and reviews on all aspects of infection ... Epidemiological characteristics of paediatric Omicron infection during the outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 infection during March-May in ... Epidemiology & Infection * Bookmark added. Go to My account to manage bookmarked content. .st0{opacity:.6;enable-background:new ...
Misdiagnosed by doctors for decades, I finally diagnosed my own parasite infection of Blastocystis Hominis after researching ... I had every kind of infection you can think of. After suffering an infection on my skull I developed C. Diff from all those ... We can all fight acquiring a C. diff infection beginning with prevention, and C. diff is a preventable infection. ... Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): During the care of a patient diagnosed with a C. diff infection, following infection- ...
Blastocystis Infection. Blastocystis hominis Infection. Blastocystis hominis Infections. Infection, Blastocystis. Infection, ... Blastocystis Infection Infection, Blastocystis Infections, Blastocystis Blastocystis hominis Infections - Narrower Concept UI. ... Blastocystis hominis Infections Entry term(s). Blastocystis hominis Infection Infection, Blastocystis hominis Infections, ... Blastocystis Infections - Preferred Concept UI. M0025568. Scope note. Infections with organisms of the genus BLASTOCYSTIS. The ...
Infections with Blastocystis spp. also increased with increasing age (P < 0.01). Overall, infections with enteric viruses ... Blastocystis infection is associated with irritable bowel syndrome in a Mexican patient population. Parasitology Research, 2012 ... Subtype distribution of Blastocystis isolates identified in a Sydney population and pathogenic potential of Blastocystis. ... Infection control measures to limit the spread of Clostridium difficile. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 2008, 14(Suppl 5 ...
A blog about the intestinal parasite Blastocystis, including research updates on its clinical significance and epidemiology. ... and Blastocystis hominis infections in humans from Côte dIvoire. Journal of infection in developing countries, 10 (9), 1035- ... and Blastocystis hominis infections in humans from Côte dIvoire". In this observational study, the authors used qPCR to detect ... On Blastocystis. Blastocystis is a protist parasitising the intestine of humans and a variety of animals. We estimate that at ...
Guide to Blastocystis Hominis. YouTube Channel. Candida Questions & Answers youtube channel where you can find answer to ... Yeast Infection Diagnosis. / Female Yeast Infection Diagnosis. / Chronic Vaginal Yeast Infections: Finding the Right Diagnosis ... If you are certain you have a vaginal yeast infection, then treat it but do seek expert help if there is no change in a short ... As you will read further ahead in this chapter, there are several reasons why you may have an infection and you need to know ...
Of 40 patients with sickle-cell anaemia, 25 [‎62.5%]‎ had parasitic infections. In the apparently healthy comparison group, 26 ... The most common intestinal parasites isolated in the sickle-cell patients were Blastocystis hominis [‎36%]‎ and Giardia lamblia ... of 175 individuals [‎14.8%]‎ had intestinal parasitic infections, a statistically significant difference. ...
prevalence and subtypes of blastocystis sp. infection in zoo animals in three cities in china.. blastocystis is a highly ... many animals are potential sources of blastocystis infection in humans. however, limited data are available regarding the ... hydatigena infection may result in the death of its host due to severe damage or secondary bacterial infections. generally, ... indicator of inflammation or infection. methods to accurately diagnose infection in vivo in wildlife are usually constrained by ...
The effects of isolates and immune function on hematologic parameters of Blastocystis infection rats. Abstract PDF ... promotes bacterial clearance by activating innate immune cells in mouse cutaneous infection models. Abstract PDF ...
My irritable bowel at times would be out of control - and had blastocystis hominis infection. All plausible after traveling to ... Continually I would end up with chest infections. Last year I had aspergillus pneumonia. ...
in a Gut-Healthy Human Population in the Czech Republic Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology 10: 544335. DOI: ... Billy V., Lhotská Z., Jirků M., Kadlecová O., Frgelecová L., Wegener Parfrey L., Jirků-Pomajbíková K. (2021) Blastocystis ... Evaluating rodent experimental models for studies of Blastocystis ST1 Experimental Parasitology 191: 55-61. DOI: 10.1016/j. ... Comparison of molecular diagnostic approaches for the detection and differentiation of the intestinal protist Blastocystis sp. ...
Re: Blastocystis eradicated? by TropicalBoy 12 years ago 1,142 Re: Giardia infection causes vitamin B12 deficienc... by ... Re: Blastocystis hominis again by TropicalBoy 12 years ago 3,668 Re: Blastocystis hominis again by TropicalBoy 12 years ago ... Re: Blastocystis hominis again by TropicalBoy 12 years ago 4,124 Re: Blastocystis hominis again by TropicalBoy 12 years ago ... Re: Blastocystis hominis again by TropicalBoy 12 years ago 3,749 Re: Blastocystis hominis again by TropicalBoy 12 years ago ...
Parasitic infections are more common in rural and under developed areas. They can easily enter the body through the mouth or ... and Blastocystis species. ... Finally, the infection will go away on its own and wont ... 2. Papaya seeds to treat parasitic infections. People say that pulverized papaya seeds can help get rid of parasitic infections ... What about medication for parasitic infections?. Regarding treatment against parasitic infections, researchers Chelsea Marie ...
5. Mishra A, Ete T, Fanai V, Malviya A. A review on cardiac manifestation of parasitic infection. Trop Parasitol 2023;13:8-15. ... Molecular diagnosis and subtyping of Blastocystis spp:Association to clinical, colonoscopic, and histopathological findings. ... A 6 years study from Senegal, Africa, details the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis and rubella infection in one original article ... Simultaneous seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and rubella virus infections in pregnant women in Dakar (Senegal). Trop ...
Posted in: Medical Research News , Disease/Infection News. Tags: Children, Contamination, Cryptosporidium, Diagnostics, ... that Malaysian authorities must implement strategies that provide better water treatment to avoid the emergence of blastocystis ... There is a shift towards infections among men and adults rather than women and children. Therefore, the ministry of health ...
Blastocystis hominis parasite infection * General Knowledge * Painting contractors in Bangalore * Waterproofing contractors in ...
Poly-infection. 26.9a) 43.6b) 20.0a) 55.0b) 33.3a) 61.0b) 38.1a) 52.9b) 27.8a) 50.0b) ... Blastocystis sp.. 24.4. 30.4. 5.9. 47.2. 22.2. 36.8. 17.3. 27.8. 17.9. 51.0. ... Update on the mapping of prevalence and intensity of infection for soil-transmitted helminth infections in Latin America and ... Poly-infection. 34.5a) 40.0a) 49.5a) 41.8a) 50.0a) 41.4. ... Blastocystis sp.. 26.7. 27.1. 29.3. 20.2. 51.0. 26.1. Giardia ...
This study demonstrated that bacterial abundance changed based on the season and specific parasitic infection status of the ... infection status (P = 0.019); specifically, Lactobacillus gasseri and Lactobacillus intestinalis were more abundant in the ... and Blastocystis sp., all of which might include zoonotic agents. Cryptosporidium parvum, for example, is a zoonotic pathogen ... and Giardia sp. co-infection. Mono-infection with Heligmosomoides sp. did not alter the Shannon index (P = 0.874; Additional ...
  • The presence of urticaria associated with Blastocystic Hominis infection has been described in very few studies. (nih.gov)
  • Blastocystis hominis infection in long-term care facilities in Taiwan: prevalence and associated clinical factors. (pdf-archive.com)
  • My irritable bowel at times would be out of control - and had blastocystis hominis infection. (sambeaupatrick.com)
  • Cryptosporidium and Giardia are the 2 most common causes of water-borne parasitic infections leading to diarrhoea (11,12). (who.int)
  • The prevalence was 16% for Giardia lamblia , 13% for Entamoeba histolytica / E . d ispar , 8% for Cryptosporidium spp, 5% for Isospora belli , 1.5% for Blastocystis hominis, 2.5% for Ascaris lumbricoides and 2% for Hymnolepis nana . (who.int)
  • Giardia is the most common infection. (growyouthful.com)
  • The authors found that individuals with Blastocystis and Entamoeba were characterised by eubiosis, while individuals with Giardia were characterised by dysbiosis. (blastocystis.net)
  • According to a study published in 2015, ginger has antiparasitic properties effective against Toxoplasma gondii , Giardia lamblia , Trypanosoma brucei brucei, and Blastocystis species. (steptohealth.com)
  • Parasites - Blastocystis spp. (cdc.gov)
  • Only Blastocystis parasites were detected in stools, appendix, peritoneal liquid, and recto-uterine pouch. (cdc.gov)
  • Blastocystis is a genus of anaerobic protozoan parasites that infect humans and a vast range of animal species. (cdc.gov)
  • Water-borne parasitic infections are caused by pathogenic parasites found in water. (who.int)
  • The intestinal protozoan parasite Blastocystis is one of the most common parasites worldwide in humans and, although its ability to cause human disease has been questioned, some reports have demonstrated that this microorganism is associated to the development of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and to a proinflammatory response, in which the expression of some cytokines is unregulated. (nih.gov)
  • It is estimated that as much as 60% of the World's specific defence mechanisms, production of IgA population is infected with intestinal parasites, which antibodies and local cellular immune responses are may play a significant role in morbidity due to intestinal diminished, thus increasing susceptibility to various infections (3). (who.int)
  • The rate of infection is remarkably high in Sub-Saharan Africa, After the emergence of AIDS, opportunistic parasites, where the majority of HIV and AIDS cases are known until then solely in veterinary medicine, were no concentrated (5). (who.int)
  • Diarrhoea is usually caused by bacteria or bacterial toxins, viral infection, protozoa or parasites. (growyouthful.com)
  • The inflammation is usually caused by a viral infection or less often by bacteria, their toxins, or parasites. (growyouthful.com)
  • Generally, the infection rate of Blastocystis parasites was 5.2%, and was considerably higher in the age group of 10-14 years (10.6%) than in other age groups (p=0.005). (e-epih.org)
  • Water-borne parasitic infections are caused by This review focuses on the main causes of water- pathogenic parasites in water. (who.int)
  • Regarding treatment against parasitic infections, researchers Chelsea Marie and William Petri say that "some drugs (anti-parasitic) are specially designed to eliminate parasites. (steptohealth.com)
  • Metataxomics reveals Blastocystis subtypes mixed infections in Colombian children. (bvsalud.org)
  • Besides, mixed infections of subtypes ST1 + ST3 were spotted in 16% of the analyzed stool samples. (bvsalud.org)
  • Blastocystis in humans consists of at least 9 genetic subtypes. (nih.gov)
  • Different subtypes of Blastocystis may be associated with differences in pathogenicity and symptomatology. (nih.gov)
  • These include protozoal infections: amoebiasis (Entamoeba spp. (who.int)
  • Epidemiology and Infection is a fully open access journal publishing original reports and reviews on all aspects of infection in humans and animals. (cambridge.org)
  • Nevertheless, there is an interesting opinion paper with the title "Eradication of Blastocystis in humans--really necessary for all? (blastocystis.net)
  • Blastocystis hominis is a very common large intestinal protozoan with global prevalence in humans and non-human hosts. (e-epih.org)
  • I'm very pleased to announce the Special Issue on Blastocystis recently appearing in Parasitology International - go here for the list of contents. (blastocystis.net)
  • and its association with enteric infections and environmental enteric dysfunction among slum-dwelling malnourished adults in Bangladesh. (nih.gov)
  • These the main clinical manifestation of the disease caused by enteric infections frequently cause severe diarrhoea, them is diarrhoea (6). (who.int)
  • This study emphasizes the importance of laboratory diagnosis of enteric infections and the need for better clinical data collection to improve management of disease risk factors in the community. (who.int)
  • The prevalence of Blastocystis infection was 38% in patients from the Department of Tropical Medicine and 18% in patients from other departments. (nih.gov)
  • Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus and its association with hepatitis B, C, and D virus infection among incarcerated male substance abusers in Taiwan. (pdf-archive.com)
  • The Rising Challenge of Community Medicine: High Prevalence of Human immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C Virus Infections in Illicit Drug Users. (pdf-archive.com)
  • 200 cells/µL) and the prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp, Isospora belli , and Blastocystis hominis . (who.int)
  • Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among mentally disabled young people in Hamadan, western Islamic Republic of Iran. (who.int)
  • Conclusions: The high prevalence rate of intestinal protozoan infection reflects poor personal hygiene among the stu-dents and inappropriate environmental conditions. (who.int)
  • the aim of this study was to estimate the apparent (ap) and estimated prevalence (ep) of exposure to srlv infection in wild ruminants from poland. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • Lhotská Z. , Jirků M. , Hložková O. , Brožová K. , Jirsová D. , Stensvold C., Kolísko M. , Jirků-Pomajbíková K. (2020) A Study on the Prevalence and Subtype Diversity of the Intestinal Protist Blastocystis sp. (cas.cz)
  • These pathogens affecting HIV infected patients, constituting a infections are caused both by protozoa and helminths and major secondary aggravating factor of the disease. (who.int)
  • IBS is commonly caused by infection with hard-to-identify protozoa such as Blastocystis hominis and Dientamoeba fragilis . (growyouthful.com)
  • 9. Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection and associated factors among Bangladeshi slum and non-slum dwellers in pre-COVID-19 vaccination era: October 2020 to February 2021. (nih.gov)
  • Online scientific databases, mainly PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Google Scholar, and MEDLINE were searched for the main water-borne parasitic infections in MENA countries during 1990-2021. (who.int)
  • Despite increasing reports that Blastocystis infection is associated with digestive symptoms, its pathogenicity remains controversial. (cdc.gov)
  • Intestinal parasitic infections are among intestinal opportunistic agents, such as Cryptosporidium the most common infections world-wide. (who.int)
  • Background: Intestinal parasitic infections are among the most common public health problems in populations with poor hygiene. (who.int)
  • Our results suggest that some IL-8 and IL-10 SNPs could change individual susceptibility increasing the relative risk in the development of IBS in Blastocystis carriers. (nih.gov)
  • Poverty, illiteracy, lack of sanitation, lack of clean water, and the hot and humid tropical climate are all factors that contribute to intestinal parasitic infections. (e-afr.org)
  • I will be there doing my best to deliver a stimulating talk on current knowledge and advances in Blastocystis and Dientamoeba research. (blastocystis.net)
  • Following treatment, resolution of clinical symptoms did not occur and follow-up testing revealed ongoing infection with the same subtype. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Diagnosis and subtype analysis of Blastocystis sp. (nih.gov)
  • Advanced microscopy on two samples and sequence-confirmed PCR on a third sample from the same individual were used for Blastocystis diagnosis and subtype analyses on routine clinical samples in a university hospital. (nih.gov)
  • This case helps to encourage studies to establish an association between the infection by Blastocystis hominis and the presence of chronic angioedema which does not respond to standard treatment, as this condition can seriously affect the quality of life of sufferers. (nih.gov)
  • This study highlights the lack of efficacy of several commonly used antimicrobial regimens in the treatment of Blastocystis and the chronic nature of some infections. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Classic clinical features of infection include gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, anorexia, flatulence, and acute or chronic diarrhea. (cdc.gov)
  • In all hosts, Toxoplasma establishes long-term chronic infections that persist for life despite the induction of strong immunity. (nih.gov)
  • Conventionally, the detection of this parasite is based on microscopic or PCR methods , which offer meager or null performance in detecting mixed infections . (bvsalud.org)
  • infection, which is a high frequency of detection in comparison to previous reports from industrialized countries. (nih.gov)
  • Development and evaluation of a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique for rapid, accurate, and specific detection of Blastocystis spp. (e-epih.org)
  • Comparison of molecular diagnostic approaches for the detection and differentiation of the intestinal protist Blastocystis sp. (cas.cz)
  • A full understanding of the biology of Blastocystis and its relationship to other organisms is not clear, but is an active area of research. (cdc.gov)
  • Infections with organisms of the genus BLASTOCYSTIS . (nih.gov)
  • The incidence of intestinal parasitic longer considered commensal organisms, and they infections is 50% in developed countries, whereas it currently are recognized as common opportunist reaches up to 95% in developing countries. (who.int)
  • Here, we report the case of a pediatric patient infected with Blastocystis that was manifested by gastroenteritis associated with suppurative appendicitis and peritonitis. (cdc.gov)
  • Clostridium difficile is an antibiotic-resistant infection causing severe diarrhoea. (growyouthful.com)
  • peri-op prophylaxis to reduce incidence of post-op bacterial infections in patients at high risk for such infections. (mims.com)
  • Bacterial infection. (growyouthful.com)
  • Common bacterial infections include Campylobacter, Salmonellae, Shigellae and some strains of Escherichia coli . (growyouthful.com)
  • Zinc sufficiency is required for the production of strong stomach acid to digest proteins, prevent diarrhoea, protect against ulcers and other infections, and many other digestive problems. (growyouthful.com)
  • infections leading to diarrhoea ( 11,12) . (who.int)
  • The objective of this cross-sectional study is to detect diarrhoea-causing protozoan parasitic infection by direct smear test in Wasit district. (e-afr.org)
  • and helminth infections: particularly schistosomiasis (Schistosoma spp. (who.int)
  • A 6 years study from Senegal, Africa, details the seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis and rubella infection in one original article [ 9 ] while another article from Egypt describes the morbidity markers among Schistosoma mansoni patients. (lww.com)
  • Patients then underwent secondary treatment with a variety of antimicrobial agents but remained symptomatic with Blastocystis spp. (ox.ac.uk)
  • With a combined gold standard of sequence-confirmed PCR and positive advanced microscopy, 107 out of 442 (24.2%) patients were diagnosed with Blastocystis. (nih.gov)
  • Since inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms might have a role in the pathophysiology of IBS, we assessed the role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for interleukin (IL)-8 and IL-10, in previously collected DNA samples from IBS patients and controls, with or without Blastocystis infection. (nih.gov)
  • I am a nurse and contracted C. diff while caring for patients suffering from this horrible infection. (cdc.gov)
  • The C diff Foundation hosts a 24-hour hotline to support patients, families, and health care providers through the difficulties of a C. diff infection (1-844-FOR-CDIF). (cdc.gov)
  • Our primary focus is Toxoplasma , a serious pathogen capable of causing lethal infections in the developing fetus, immunocompromised patients, and blinding chorioretinitis in both children and adults. (nih.gov)
  • The species B. hominis is responsible for most infections. (nih.gov)
  • species other than cattle have been shown to be infected with the virus, thereby providing a potential source of infection for livestock. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • the following species have been responsible for zoonotic infections: onchocerca cervicalis, o. dewittei japonica, o. gutturosa, o. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • infections with C. difficile increased with age. (who.int)
  • nor should they expect to see data from seminal studies that challenge the view that Blastocystis is a possible pathogen. (blastocystis.net)
  • The field covered is broad and includes the zoonoses, tropical infections, food hygiene, vaccine studies, statistics and the clinical, social and public-health aspects of infectious disease. (cambridge.org)
  • 10 ] Blastocystis remains an enigmatic parasite and its presence, along with pathological and clinical findings, features in a well-designed study from Egypt. (lww.com)
  • In this hospital-based population from Honduras, HIV infection was a risk factor for cryptosporidiosis and cystoisosporiasis, but not for cyclosporiasis. (bvsalud.org)
  • Before commencing this or any treatment aimed at a vaginal infection, it is important that you have a diagnosis by a qualified health-care professional in order to establish whether your symptoms are in fact being caused by a yeast infection. (yeastinfection.org)
  • infection of wild ruminants in close contact with affected domesticated small ruminants has been proposed as an actor in srlv epidemiology, but studies are limited. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • Molecular epidemiology and subtyping of Blastocystis sp. (e-epih.org)
  • 1 Department of Medical Microbiology, Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. (nih.gov)
  • showed increased incidence in summer months (December to February), while rotavirus infections peaked in the cooler months (June to November). (who.int)
  • Finally, the incidence of parasitic infections is high and is influenced by personal hygiene. (e-afr.org)
  • seroprevalence of small ruminant lentivirus (srlv) infection in wild cervids in poland. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • Live cultures such as kefir and sauerkraut build up the body's healthy digestive bacteria and prevent further infection. (growyouthful.com)
  • Led by Dr Alison Jacob and Dr Graham Clark, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, our group just published an article on a comparative study of Blastocystis mitochondrial genomes. (blastocystis.net)
  • Even though, genetic studies on Blastocystis sp. (bvsalud.org)
  • This approach allowed us to detect Blastocystis sp. (bvsalud.org)
  • The samples studied were used to detect the presence of intestinal parasite infection, and pre-tested formulations were used in the study. (e-afr.org)
  • Prognosis was adjusted for demographic parameters such as age, sex and place of residence, and the history of diarrhea was recorded by direct smear microscopy to detect intestinal parasite infection. (e-afr.org)
  • Blastocystis is a common microscopic organism that inhabits the intestine and is found throughout the world. (cdc.gov)
  • Parasitic infections are more common in rural and under developed areas. (steptohealth.com)
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): During the care of a patient diagnosed with a C. diff infection, following infection-control policies, healthcare and environmental service professionals are to wear PPE to minimize exposure to serious workplace illnesses (acute care, long-term care, and home care environments). (cdc.gov)
  • Communication: Contacting and alerting other healthcare facilities, prior to transferring a patient, to report an active C. diff infection to implement and follow contact precautions and isolation policies. (cdc.gov)
  • Studies investigating their cell and molecular biology have identified unique paradigms of eukaryotic pathogenesis, including antigenic variation, virulence shifts, RNA editing, and inactivation of host immune signaling networks to promote infection competency. (nih.gov)
  • Hand-washing (aka hand-hygiene) practiced and repeated frequently with correct technique aids removes harmful germs, provides patient safety, and adheres to infection control policies. (cdc.gov)
  • This article reports long-term infection and treatment failure in 18 symptomatic individuals infected with Blastocystis spp. (ox.ac.uk)
  • It is a physically, mentally, and financially debilitating infection. (cdc.gov)
  • Viral infection. (growyouthful.com)
  • An otherwise healthy person normally recovers from a viral infections in a few days given sufficient good food and clean water. (growyouthful.com)
  • Polycional sera raised against antigen prepared from xenic culture of Blastocystis produced a smear reaction on the immunoblot, while antibodies raised against antigens prepared from axenic culture (isolate q gave prominent reaction bands. (um.edu.my)
  • How the genes are expressed to produce functional proteins remains a mystery, - just one more peculiarity of Blastocystis ! (blastocystis.net)
  • It also demonstrates the need for further research into treatment options for Blastocystis infection. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The C diff Foundation was brought to fruition in 2012 with a mission to provide education and advocate for C. diff infection prevention, treatment, and environmental safety worldwide. (cdc.gov)
  • The report stresses that Malaysian authorities must implement strategies that provide better water treatment to avoid the emergence of blastocystis. (news-medical.net)
  • No precise statistics exist regarding the geographical distribution of Blastocystis that would enable the identification of high-risk communities. (e-epih.org)
  • The angioedema and urticaria, as well as the intestinal infection, were successfully treated with paramomycin sulphate. (nih.gov)