Blast Injuries: Injuries resulting when a person is struck by particles impelled with violent force from an explosion. Blast causes pulmonary concussion and hemorrhage, laceration of other thoracic and abdominal viscera, ruptured ear drums, and minor effects in the central nervous system. (From Dorland, 27th ed)ExplosionsBombs: A weapon designed to explode when deployed. It frequently refers to a hollow case filled with EXPLOSIVE AGENTS.Military Medicine: The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.War: Hostile conflict between organized groups of people.Explosive Agents: Substances that are energetically unstable and can produce a sudden expansion of the material, called an explosion, which is accompanied by heat, pressure and noise. Other things which have been described as explosive that are not included here are explosive action of laser heating, human performance, sudden epidemiological outbreaks, or fast cell growth.AfghanistanMultiple Trauma: Multiple physical insults or injuries occurring simultaneously.Hospitals, Military: Hospitals which provide care for the military personnel and usually for their dependents.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.Tympanic Membrane: An oval semitransparent membrane separating the external EAR CANAL from the tympanic cavity (EAR, MIDDLE). It contains three layers: the skin of the external ear canal; the core of radially and circularly arranged collagen fibers; and the MUCOSA of the middle ear.Brain Injuries: Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.IraqLung Injury: Damage to any compartment of the lung caused by physical, chemical, or biological agents which characteristically elicit inflammatory reaction. These inflammatory reactions can either be acute and dominated by NEUTROPHILS, or chronic and dominated by LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Spinal Cord Injuries: Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).

Development of serial bio-shock tubes and their application. (1/205)

OBJECTIVE: To design and produce serial shock tubes and further examine their application to experimental studies on blast injury. METHODS: Bio-medical engineering technique was used for the design and development of the serial shock tubes. One thousand four hundred and fifty nine animals (757 rats, 105 guinea pigs, 335 rabbits, 240 dogs and 22 sheep) were then used to test the wounding effects of the shock tubes. RESULTS: Three types of bio-shock tubes, that is, large-, medium- and small-scale shock tubes were made in our laboratory. The large-scale shock tube is 39 meters long; the inner diameter of the test section is 1 meter; and the maximum overpressure in the driving section is 10.3 MPa. A negative pressure could be formed by means of the reflected rarefactive wave produced by the end plate. The medium-scale shock tube is 34.5 meters long; the maximum overpressure in the driving section is 22 MPa; the test section is designed to be a knockdown, showing 5 basic types with inner diameter of 77 to 600 millimeters, which could be used for researches on overpressure, explosive decompression, underwater explosion, and so on. The small-scale shock tube is 0.5 meter long with the maximum endured overpressure of 68.6 MPa. Results from animal experiments showed that this set of shock tubes could induce various degrees of systemic or local blast injury in large or small animals. CONCLUSIONS: This set of bio-shock tubes can approximately simulate typical explosive wave produced by nuclear or charge explosion, and inflict various degrees of blast injury characterized by stability and reproducibility. Therefore, they can meet the needs of blast research on large and small animals.  (+info)

Effect of type and transfer of conventional weapons on civilian injuries: retrospective analysis of prospective data from Red Cross hospitals. (2/205)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the link between different weapons used in modern wars and their potential to injury civilians. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data about hospital admissions. SETTING: Hospitals of the International Committee of the Red Cross. SUBJECTS: 18 877 people wounded by bullets, fragmentation munitions, or mines. Of these, 2012 had been admitted to the hospital in Kabul within six hours of injury. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Age and sex of wounded people according to cause of injury and whether they were civilians (women and girls, boys under 16 years old, or men of 50 or more). RESULTS: 18.7% of those injured by bullets, 34.1% of those injured by fragments, and 30.8% of those injured by mines were civilians. Of those admitted to the Red Cross hospital in Kabul within six hours of injury, 39.1% of those injured by bullets, 60.6% of those injured by fragments, and 55.0% of those injured by mines were civilians. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of civilians injured differs between weapon systems. The higher proportion injured by fragments and mines is explicable in terms of the military efficiency of weapons, the distance between user and victim, and the effect that the kind of weapon has on the psychology of the user.  (+info)

Circumstances around weapon injury in Cambodia after departure of a peacekeeping force: prospective cohort study. (3/205)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the circumstances surrounding weapon injury and combatant status of those injured by weapons. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Northwestern Cambodia after departure of United Nations peacekeeping force. SUBJECTS: 863 people admitted to hospital for weapon injuries over 12 months. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Annual incidence of weapon injury by time period; proportions of injuries inflicted as a result of interfactional combat (combat injuries) and outside such combat (non-combat injuries) by combatant status and weapon type. RESULTS: The annual incidence of weapon injuries was higher than the rate observed before the peacekeeping operation. 30% of weapon injuries occurred in contexts other than interfactional combat. Most commonly these were firearm injuries inflicted intentionally on civilians. Civilians accounted for 71% of those with non-combat injuries, 42% of those with combat related injuries, and 51% of those with weapon injuries of either type. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of weapon injuries remained high when the disarmament component of a peacekeeping operation achieved only limited success. Furthermore, injuries occurring outside the context of interfactional combat accounted for a substantial proportion of all weapon injuries, were experienced disproportionately by civilians, and were most likely to entail the intentional use of a firearm against a civilian.  (+info)

Prevention of skin and soft tissue entrapment in tibial segment transportation. (4/205)

We report of a ten year old patient with soft tissue damage and bone defect of the tibia as a sequel of osteomyelitis. After excision and stabilization with an Ilizarov fixateur segment transportation was started. In order to avoid skin and soft tissue entrapment in the docking region, we used a metal cage as a space provider, which was shortened as segment transportation progressed. To our knowledge this simple method has not been described so far.  (+info)

Mine blast injuries: ocular and social aspects. (5/205)

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Landmines have long been used in conventional warfare. These are antipersonnel mines which continue to injure people long after a ceasefire without differentiating between friend or foe, soldier or civilian, women or children. This study focuses on Afghan non-combatants engaged in mine clearing operations in Afghanistan in the aftermath of the Russo-Afghan war. The patterns and types of injuries seen are described and experiences in their management, ways, and means to prevent them, and recommendations for the rehabilitation of the affected individuals are given. METHODS: It is a retrospective and analytical study of 84 patients aged 19-56 years who sustained mine blast injuries during mine clearing operations in Afghanistan from November 1992 to January 1996. The study was carried out at a military hospital with tertiary care facilities. The patients were divided into three groups on the basis of their injuries. Group 1 required only general surgical attention, group 2 sustained only ocular injuries, while group 3 had combined ocular and general injuries. Patients in groups 2 and 3 were treated in two phases. The first phase aimed at immediate restoration of the anatomy, while restoration of function wherever possible was done in subsequent surgical procedures in the second phase. RESULTS: It was observed that 51 out of 84 patients (60.7%) had sustained ocular trauma of a variable degree as a result of the blasts. The mean age of the victims was 29 years and they were all male. A total of 91 eyes of 51 patients (89.2%) had been damaged. Bilaterality of damage was seen in 40 (78.4%) patients. Most, 34 (37.3%), eyes became totally blind (NPL). Only a few escaped with injury mild enough not to impair vision. Foreign bodies, small and multiple, were found in the majority of eyes; most, however, were found in the anterior segment, and posterior segment injuries were proportionally less. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of blindness caused by mine blast injuries is quite high. The resulting psychosocial trauma to the patients and their families is tremendous and has not been adequately highlighted. These injuries are a great drain on the country's resources. Enforcement of preventive measures and the use of protective gear and sophisticated equipment by the mine clearing personnel would prove to be far more economical in terms of human life as well as medical and economic resources. There is also need for greater attention towards the establishment of support groups and rehabilitation programmes for these individuals.  (+info)

Injuries from fireworks in the United States. (6/205)

Fireworks traditionally are used in the United States to celebrate Independence Day on July 4th. The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) estimates that 8500 persons in the United States are treated in emergency departments each year for fireworks-related injuries (1). Of all fireworks-related injuries, 70%-75% occur during a 30-day period that surrounds the July 4th holiday (June 23-July 23) (2). Seven of every 100 persons injured by fireworks are hospitalized, approximately 40% of those injured are children aged < or = 14 years, and males are injured three times more often than females (1). The injury rate is highest among boys aged 10-14 years (3). Most commonly, injuries from fireworks affect the hands (34%), face (12%), and eyes (17%) (4). Injuries are more frequent and more severe among persons who are active participants than among bystanders (3).  (+info)

High rate of candidemia in patients sustaining injuries in a bomb blast at a marketplace: a possible environmental source. (7/205)

In this study, a cluster of candidemia among patients sustaining injuries in a bomb blast at a marketplace was investigated by means of a multivariate analysis, a case-control study, and quantitative air sampling. Candidemia occurred in 7 (30%) of 21 patients (58% of those admitted to the intensive care unit [ICU]) between 4 and 16 days (mean, 12 days) after the injury and was the single most frequent cause of bloodstream infections. Inhalation injury was the strongest predictor for candidemia by multivariate analysis. Candidemia among the case patients occurred at a significantly higher rate than among comparable trauma patients injured in different urban settings, including a pedestrian mall (2 of 29; P=. 02), and among contemporary ICU control patients (1 of 40; P=.001). Air sampling revealed exclusive detection of Candida species and increased mold concentration in the market in comparison with the mall environment. These findings suggest a role for an exogenous, environmental source in the development of candidemia in some trauma patients.  (+info)

Effect of epidermal growth factor and dexamethasone on explosive deafness. (8/205)

OBJECTIVE: To study the expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) on cochlear hair cells of normal and explosion-stricken guinea pigs and the effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and dexamethasone (DXM) treatment for blast hearing loss. METHODS: Immunohistochemical technique and auditory brainstem response (ABR) test were used. RESULTS: Scattered expression of EGFR was seen in inner hair cells (IHCs) and outer hair cells (OHCs) in normal guinea pigs. Segmentally distributing positive reaction was also located in stereocilia of hair cells. Distribution of EGFR reaction was seen in the cytoplasm of IHC 24 hours after exposure to blasts, and in the stereocilia of IHC and the cuticular plate of OHC 72 hours postexposure. At one week EGFR reaction in hair cells increased obviously and part of OHC stereocilia also showed positive reaction. EGFR reaction reduced at two weeks, though positive reaction could still be found in the stereocilia of hair cells at one month. Combination of EGF and DXM administrations promoted hearing recovery significantly. CONCLUSIONS: The healing of injured hair cells may be related to EGF.  (+info)

*2015 East Village gas explosion

March 27, 2015). "Cause of East Village Blast May Have Been Improper Use of a Gas Line". The New York Times. Retrieved April 8 ... The explosion sparked a seven alarm fire with 250 firefighters involved; four firefighters were treated for injuries. According ... Garger, Kenneth; Schram, Jamie (April 1, 2015). "Shady gas pipe hookup found near East Village blast site". New York Post. ... Conley, Kirstan; Schram, Jamie; Golding, Bruce (April 8, 2015). "Murder charges possible as 6 suspects probed in NYC blast". ...

*List of United States Marine Corps individual equipment

While not designed for ballistic protection, the so-called "blast boxers" do provide wound mitigation to groin injuries. The ... is a fire and heat protection system designed to help protect Marines from burn injuries associated with roadside bombs. Units ... which can cause stress and injury. After the initial announcement of replacement in 2009, The Marine Corps finalized design ...

*Dense Inert Metal Explosive

... (DIME) is an experimental type of explosive that has a relatively small but effective blast radius ... Erik Fosse, working on wounded from the 2008-2009 Israel-Gaza conflict, reported injuries that they believed were caused by ... by Robert Marquand and Nicholas Blanford Gaza doctors say patients suffering mystery injuries after Israeli attacks. The ... probability of killing people within a few meters of the explosion while reducing the probability of causing death and injuries ...

*Ehab Karim

"Blast kills Iraqi player". The New York Times. 20 February 2007. Retrieved 1 August 2011. "Iraqi Player Dies of Blast Injuries ...

*Death of Phamon Phonphanit

"Journalist dies from bomb blast injuries". IFEX. Retrieved 2012-04-24. "IFJ.org - Asia & Pacific - IFJ Mourns Death of ... He died later from injuries sustained while covering a bombing on September 16, 2011. He is now buried at Wat Khok Khien. On 16 ... The three bombs caused around 118 injuries and six deaths in the heavily populated area. Four people died at the scene and 2 ... Nuansakul, Narong (2011-09-25). "Journalist becomes the sixth victim of Sungai Kolok blasts". Nationmultimedia.com. Retrieved ...

*Crush syndrome

"Blast Injuries: Crush Injury & Crush Syndrome" (PDF). Centers for Disease Control. Minami, Seigo (1923). "Über ... is a medical condition characterized by major shock and renal failure after a crushing injury to skeletal muscle. Crush injury ... It is a reperfusion injury that appears after the release of the crushing pressure. The mechanism is believed to be the release ... synd/3870 at Who Named It? Bywaters, E. G.; Beall, D. (1941). "Crush injuries with impairment of renal function". Br Med J. 1 ( ...

*Hydrostatic shock (firearms)

"Cognitive deficits following blast injury induced neurotrauma". Brain Injury. 15 (7): 593-612. doi:10.1080/02699050119009. ... Blast injury Shock (fluid dynamics) Stopping power Table of handgun and rifle cartridges Michael Courtney; Amy Courtney (2008 ... For example, Ibolja Cernak, a leading researcher in blast wave injury at the Applied Physics Laboratory at Johns Hopkins ... 5, Conventional Warfare: Ballistic, Blast, and Burn Injuries. Washington, DC: Office of the Surgeon General, Department of the ...

*Ibolja Cernak

"Blast injury from explosive munitions." Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery 47.1 (1999): 96-103. Bilotta, F., Caramia, R ... Ibolja Cernak is a researcher in blast wave injury. Cernak concluded in the 1990s that soldiers who had been subjected to ... "U of Alberta building 'blast lab' to study brain injuries in soldiers". Edmonton Sun. Retrieved 2016-06-11. Staff. "Woman of ... "Ultrastructural and functional characteristics of blast injury-induced neurotrauma." Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery ...

*Rib fracture

Wanek, Sandra; Mayberry, John C (2004). "Blunt thoracic trauma: flail chest, pulmonary contusion, and blast injury". Critical ... Rib fractures usually occur from a direct blows to the chest such as during a motor vehicle collision or from a crush injury. ... Rib fractures are also a sign of more serious injury in elderly people. There is no specific treatment for rib fractures, but ... Flail chest is a potentially life-threatening injury and will often require a period of assisted ventilation. Flail chest and ...

*Semyon Nomokonov

Nomokonov was wounded eight times and suffered a blast injury twice. As a sniper instructor, Nomokonov trained over 150 ...

*Eardrum

These injuries, even in a recreational or athletic setting, are blast injuries. Many will experience some short-lived hearing ... Garth RJ (July 1995). "Blast injury of the ear: an overview and guide to management". Injury. 26 (6): 363-6. doi:10.1016/0020- ... An unintentional perforated eardrum (rupture) has been described in blast injuries during conflict and air travel, usually when ... Naturally, the foregoing reassurances become more guarded as the force of injury increases, as in military or combat situations ...

*Igor Plotnitsky

Multiple war wounds, the effects of blast injuries took their toll." The website stated that security minister Leonid Pasechnik ... Ukraine crisis: Blast injures Luhansk rebel leader Plotnitsky, BBC News (7 August 2016) "UNIAN News. Latest news of Ukraine and ...

*Luhansk People's Republic

Multiple war wounds, the effects of blast injuries, took their toll." The website stated that security minister Leonid ... Rebel commander killed in bomb blast, BBC News (4 February 2017) Ukrainian energy industry: thorny road of reform, UNIAN (10 ...

*Leonid Pasechnik

Multiple war wounds, the effects of blast injuries, took their toll." The website stated that Pasechnik had been named acting ...

*Ravenshoe, Queensland

"Ravenshoe cafe explosion: Second person dies in Brisbane hospital from blast injuries". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting ... As of 16 June 2015[update] there were still 7 people listed as critical with burn injuries. Five of them were females aged 43, ...

*H. L. Hunley (submarine)

As a consequence, the crew was apparently instantly killed through blast injury, according to a study published in August 2017 ... Lance, Rachel M.; Stalcup, Lucas; Wojtylak, Brad; Bass, Cameron R. (2017). "Air blast injuries killed the crew of the submarine ... "Air blast injuries killed the crew of the submarine H.L. Hunley". PLoS ONE. 12 (8): e0182244. Bibcode:2017PLoSO..1282244L. doi: ... and a forensic anthropologist found a healed injury to Lt. Dixon's hip bone. The findings matched a legend, passed down in the ...

*Butterfly Bomb

He died of shrapnel and blast injuries at Oldchurch Hospital the same day. On the island of Malta in 1981 Paul Gauci, a 41-year ... 34/Np with a blasting cap and 7 grams of Nitropenta) booster and the main explosive filling consisting of 225 grams of cast ... and could inflict serious fragmentation injuries (e.g. deep penetrating eye wounds) as far away as 100 metres (330 ft). ...

*Anti-personnel mine

This combination of injuries has been given the name "Dismounted Complex Blast Injury" and is thought to be the worst ... Blast mine - American M14 Blast mines - Russian PMN1 and PMN2 Blast mine - Italian TS-50 in-situ Blast mine - Italian VS-MK2 ( ... While blast mines are designed to cause severe injury to one person, fragmentation mines (such as the World War II era German S ... Secondary injuries from a blast mine are often caused by the material that has been torn loose by the mine's explosion. This ...

*Wahab Akbar

Three other congressional staff members would die from blast injuries, including one of Akbar's own aides. According to ... "Akbar likely target of Batasan blast - NCRPO chief". GMANews.tv. Retrieved 2007-11-13. GmaNews.tv,SC issues writ of habeas ... Conde, Carlos H. (2007-11-14). "2 Dead in Blast at Philippine Congress". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-11-14. " ... The blast also immediately killed the driver of another legislator. ...

*Traumatic brain injury modeling

Blast-Induced TBI results from wave propagation from a blast source through the brain. These injuries are most commonly found ... "Injury Prevention and Control: Traumatic Brain Injury (2012)". Retrieved November 19, 2013. Shoemaker, JT. "in vivo TBI ... primary blast injury". Int. J. Numer. Meth. Biomed. Engng. 30: 69-82. doi:10.1002/cnm.2590. Rashid B, Destrade M, Gilchrist MD ... neurons undergo sequences of tension and compression for the duration of the blast wave. Even very short blast waves with high ...

*Abul Kalam Azad (officer)

CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) "RAB intelligence chief Azad dies from Sylhet blast injuries - bdnews24.com ... CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) "RAB intelligence chief Azad dies from Sylhet blast injuries - bdnews24.com ... "Sylhet blast: Injured Rab Intel chief Azad dies". 2017-03-30. Archived from the original on 2017-03-30. Retrieved 2017-03-30. ... "RAB intelligence chief injured in Sylhet blasts airlifted to Dhaka". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 28 March 2017. "Injured Rab intel ...

*Birmingham Accident Hospital

Drinkers at the Tavern in the Town pub which was located underground suffered very severe blast injuries. The only fortuitous ... Injuries included wood and glass shards -which cannot be detected by x-rays and some victims were rendered unrecognisable. ... The war injuries study of Grant and Reeve published 1951 recommended early transfusions for large wounds and suggested existing ... "Fatal Car Occupant Injuries after Car Lorry Collisions". 13 January 1973. Retrieved 23 July 2009. Jackson D.J. (April 1978). "A ...

*Frederick Carrick

Carrick has had papers published in journals that address brain trauma from concussion, blast injury and stroke. The PBS ... The injury was serious enough to return to North America to visit with noted chiropractic neurologist Dr. Ted Carrick in ... Carrick was the subject of an ABC Nightline News documentary featuring his successful treatment of brain injuries. Cathy Gulli ...

*Triage

Deaf, partially deaf, or victims of a large blast injury may not be able to hear these instructions. Examples of scoring ... They have minor injuries; first aid and home care are sufficient, a doctor's care is not required. Injuries are along the lines ... The Injury Severity Score (ISS) is another example of a trauma scoring system. This assigns a score from 0 to 75 based on ... Some crippling injuries, even if not life-threatening, may be elevated in priority based on the available capabilities. During ...

*68W

To include, but not limited to, blast injury, amputation, severe bleeding, penetrating chest injuries, simple airway management ... The Combat Lifesaver is instructed in various techniques to treat and stabilize injuries related to combat. ... Basic casualty evaluation Airway management Chest injury and tension pneumothorax management Controlling Bleeding Requesting ... limited primary care and health protection and evacuation from a point of injury or illness. Some of the duties as a Health ...

*Incendiary device

... blast or fragmentation effects with an additional incendiary effect, such as armor-piercing projectiles, fragmentation shells, ... bombs and similar combined-effects munitions in which the incendiary effect is not specifically designed to cause burn injury ...

*Traumatic brain injury

Firearms and blast injuries from explosions are other causes of TBI, which is the leading cause of death and disability in war ... Permanent disability is thought to occur in 10% of mild injuries, 66% of moderate injuries, and 100% of severe injuries. Most ... However, the terms head injury and brain injury are often used interchangeably. Similarly, brain injuries fall under the ... All traumatic brain injuries are head injuries, but the latter term may also refer to injury to other parts of the head. ...
Looking for online definition of primary blast injury in the Medical Dictionary? primary blast injury explanation free. What is primary blast injury? Meaning of primary blast injury medical term. What does primary blast injury mean?
Fireworks are devices designed for the purpose of producing a visible or audible effect by combustion, deflagration, or detonation.1 Every year, US residents celebrate the Fourth of July and other festive occasions with fireworks. As a result, in 1999, an estimated 8500 individuals, approximately 45% of them children younger than 15 years, sustained fireworks-related injuries requiring emergency medical treatment.2,,3 Since 1994, the annual number of people receiving emergency medical treatment for fireworks-related injuries has decreased by about one third.3,,4 The hands (40%), eyes (20%), and head and face (20%) are the body areas most often involved.2 About one third of eye injuries from fireworks result in permanent blindness.5 Burns account for more than half of fireworks-related injuries,2 and lacerations, contusions, and abrasions are also common.1,,26-8 During 1999, 16 people died as a result of injuries associated with fireworks.2. Under regulations promulgated by the US Consumer ...
SH Leung, KY Cheung, HH Yau, CW Kam. A case of blast injury with tympanic perforation and limb laceration is reported. The classification (into four types), mechanism and pathogenesis of blast injury are discussed. Detection of early air embolism, especially on site, can be very difficult. Victims who appear to have only superficial secondary injuries (by missile fragments) should not be discharged without a careful examination since overt air embolism can occur later. To prevent or reduce air embolism, mechanical ventilation should be avoided. (Hong Kong j.emerg.med. 2002;9:46-51). Keywords : Explosion, blast injury, blast wave, tympanic perforation. ...
Why are blast injuries such an important issue right now? At this very moment, our countrys armed forces are facing the constant threat of encountering explosives, whether in the form of rocket-propelled grenades, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), or land mines. Civilian workers and military personnel working in these combat zones are at increased risk of blast-related trauma, particularly blast-related traumatic brain injury (TBI). Some of the TBI and concussive injuries associated with explosions arent diagnosed accurately due to several confounding factors. For one thing, injuries caused by explosions cause a multitude of separate problems, and blast-induced TBI or concussion is often the least visibly apparent. The focus of medical care providers must be on the most life threatening injuries, and often a concussion or mild TBI would leave no outward marks to diagnose. Another confounding factor is that service members might cover up their symptoms because they wont want to abandon ...
... Lung is the most common organ damaged in an air blast injury.Reference:1. Disasters and Public Health By Clements, 2009, Pages 66-672. The Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology By Dr K S Nara
Blast injury: Blast injury,, any injury caused by a pressure wave such as that following an explosion. Blast injuries may be inflicted by such waves traveling in gases, liquids, or solids.
They performed diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-a type of magnetic resonance imaging-on 63 U.S. male military personnel who were evacuated from the field to the Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in Germany within 90 days after a blast-related TBI diagnosis and on 21 control subjects. Abnormalities revealed on DTI were consistent with traumatic axonal injury in many of the subjects with TBI. None had detectable intracranial injury on computed tomography. ...
Among the U.S. military personnel, blast injury is among the leading causes of brain injury. During the past decade, it has become apparent that even blast injury as a form of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may lead to multiple different adverse outcomes, such as neuropsychiatric symptoms and long-term cognitive disability. Blast injury is characterized by blast overpressure (BOP), blast duration, and blast impulse. While the blast injuries of a victim close to the explosion will be severe, majority of victims are usually at a distance leading to milder form described as mild blast TBI (mbTBI). A major feature of mbTBI is its complex manifestation occurring in concert at different organ levels involving systemic, cerebral, neuronal and neuropsychiatric responses; some of which are shared with other forms of brain trauma such as acute brain injury and other neuropsychiatric disorders such as PTSD. The pathophysiology of blast injury exposure involves complex cascades of chronic psychological stress,
Auf der Heide E. Disaster Response: Principles of Preparation and Coordination Disaster Response: Principles of Preparation and Coordination.. Quenemoen LE, Davis, YM, Malilay J, Sinks T, Noji EK, and Klitzman S. The World Trade Center bombing: injury prevention strategies for high-rise building fires. Disasters 1996;20:125-32.. Wightman JM and Gladish SL. Explosions and blast injuries. Annals of Emergency Medicine; June 2001; 37(6): 664-p678.. Stein M and Hirshberg A. Trauma Care in the New Millinium: Medical Consequences of Terrorism, the Conventional Weapon Threat. Surgical Clinics of North America. Dec 1999; Vol 79 (6).. Phillips YY. Primary Blast Injuries. Annals of Emergency Medicine; 1986, Dec; 106 (15); 1446-50.. Hogan D, et al. Emergency Department Impact of the Oklahoma City Terrorist Bombing. Annals of Emergency Medicine; August 1999; 34 (2), pp. Mallonee S, et al. Physical Injuries and Fatalities Resulting From the Oklahoma City Bombing. Journal of the American Medical Association; ...
ABSTRACT BLAST-INDUCED TINNITUS: A COMBINED BEHAVIORAL, MEMRE, AND ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY STUDY by JESSICA OUYANG May 2014 Advisor: Drs. Steve Cala & Jinsheng Zhang Major: Physiology Degree: Doctor of Philosophy Tinnitus and hearing loss are the frequent auditory-related co-morbidities of blast trauma. The etiology of blast-induced tinnitus is also muddled by brain mechanisms associated with emotional and cognitive problems such as anxiety, memory loss, and depression. We set out to develop a realistic and ecologically valid model to address changes of cognitive status and psychological state that are associated with blast- induced tinnitus. In this study, 19 adult rats were randomly divided into the sham group (n=6) and the blast group (n=13). Blast exposure (14 psi) was conducted via a shock wave tube to expose the left ears of the rats in the blast group, and a sham exposure was conducted to the rats in the sham group. Blast-induced tinnitus was evaluated with gap detection and pre-pulse inhibition (PPI)
These fact sheets address background, clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, management and disposition of blast injury topics. The fact sheets may be viewed and downloaded for use in the treatment of blast injury patients, in the training of clinical staff or to disseminate to others. These fact sheets are available in Spanish, Chinese, and French. These fact sheets have been sent to hospitals in the United States and across the world after terrorist bombings and other explosions. ...
In an instant, an explosion or blast can wreck havoc; producing numerous casualties with complex, technically challenging injuries not commonly seen after natural disasters such as floods or hurricanes.. To address this issue, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in collaboration with partners from the Terrorism Injuries Information, Dissemination and Exchange (TIIDE) Project, as well as other experts in the field, have developed fact sheets for health care providers that provide detailed information on the treatment of blast injuries.. The fact sheet addresses background, clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, management and disposition of blast injury topics.. ...
Alcoholism is a frequent comorbidity following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), even in patients without a previous history of alcohol dependence. Despite this correlational relationship, the extent to which the neurological effects of mTBI contribute to the development of alcoholism is unknown. In this study, we used a rodent blast exposure model to investigate the relationship between mTBI and voluntary alcohol drinking in alcohol naïve rats. We have previously demonstrated in Sprague Dawley rats that blast exposure leads to microstructural abnormalities in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and other brain regions that progress from four to thirty days. The mPFC is a brain region implicated in alcoholism and drug addiction, although the impact of mTBI on drug reward and addiction using controlled models remains largely unexplored. Alcohol naïve Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to a blast model of mTBI (or sham conditions) and then tested in several common measures of voluntary alcohol intake.
Because blast waves and direct impact affect the head in fundamentally different ways, armor systems that are designed to protect soldiers from impacts and projectiles may not be optimal for blast wave protection. The team studied how helmets and their suspension systems influence the blast-induced mechanical loads in the brain. They looked at two common systems: a nylon web system formerly used in the Personnel Armor Systems Ground Troops infantry helmet and viscoelastic foam pads like those in advanced combat helmets. Both helmets were modeled as hemi-ellipsoidal Kevlar shells ...
Neurotrauma can occur due to the mechanisms of one or more blast injury categories. Bleeding from injured organs such as lungs or bowel causes a lack of oxygen in all vital organs, including the brain. Damage of the lungs reduces the surface for oxygen uptake from the air, reducing the amount of the oxygen delivered to the brain. Tissue destruction initiates the synthesis and release of hormones or mediators into the blood which, when delivered to the brain, change its function. Irritation of the nerve endings in injured peripheral tissue and/or organs also significantly contributes to blast-induced neurotrauma. Individuals exposed to blasts frequently have loss of memory for events before and after explosion, confusion, headache, impaired sense of reality, and reduced decision-making ability. Patients with brain injuries acquired in explosions often develop sudden, unexpected brain swelling and cerebral vasospasm despite continuous monitoring. However, the first symptoms of blast-induced ...
Blast-induced Traumatic brain injury (bTBI) has become the signature injury of Operations Iraqi/Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF) and is also increasin...
Twelve patients who were treated for ear injuries at Guys Hospital following the London Bridge bomb blast in February 1992 were reviewed. Among three there were four perforated eardrums, two of which closed spontaneously (50%). All three patients had a persistent mixed hearing loss. The remaining nine patients had acute sensorineural hearing loss and/or tinnitus only. Four of these had resolved completely by 4h, another one by 48h, and two by 4 weeks. Two patients had a residual high frequency hearing loss. In total, five patients (42%) have a persistent hearing loss. None of the patients suffered from balance problems. In summary, the ear is very susceptible to bomb blast injury, but there is a high rate of spontaneous closure of perforations and improvement of sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus.. ...
Blast-induced traumatic brain injuries (bTBIs) result from explosive events and have been labeled as the signature injury of modern warfare. Man...
Blast-induced tinnitus, along with associated auditory impairment and traumatic brain injury, is a primary concern facing military service members. To search for treatment, we investigated the therapeutic effects of sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, given its vasodilatory effects and evidence suggesting its beneficial effects on noise-induced hearing loss. Rats were subjected to three consecutive blast exposures at 22 psi and were monitored for tinnitus using a gap-detection acoustic startle reflex paradigm. Hearing thresholds and detection were tested using auditory brainstem responses and prepulse inhibition, respectively. Blasted rats were either treated with sildenafil or tap water following blast exposure, while age-matched sham control rats were treated with sildenafil and no blast exposure. Our results showed that sildenafil did not effectively prevent acute tinnitus onset and hearing impairment. Instead, sildenafil significantly suppressed high-frequency tinnitus from 3 to 6 weeks
This scientific visualization shows the development of Supernova 1987A, from the initial blast observed three decades ago to the luminous ring of material we see today.. The sequence, using data from a computer simulation, begins with the star before it exploded. A ring of material around the star was expelled about 20,000 years before the supernova outburst. A flash of light signals the stellar explosion. The supernova sends a blast wave outward from the dying star. As the blast wave slams into the ring, high-density knots of material become intensely heated and glow brightly, while lower-density gas is blown outward. The computer simulation provides one data set per year, and thus the visualization steps between them at four years per second. Upon reaching the present day, the time development is halted, and the camera circles around the ring to showcase its structure.. ...
This scientific visualization shows the development of Supernova 1987A, from the initial blast observed three decades ago to the luminous ring of material we see today.. The sequence, using data from a computer simulation, begins with the star before it exploded. A ring of material around the star was expelled about 20,000 years before the supernova outburst. A flash of light signals the stellar explosion. The supernova sends a blast wave outward from the dying star. As the blast wave slams into the ring, high-density knots of material become intensely heated and glow brightly, while lower-density gas is blown outward. The computer simulation provides one data set per year, and thus the visualization steps between them at four years per second. Upon reaching the present day, the time development is halted, and the camera circles around the ring to showcase its structure.. ...
Our research should stimulate renewed clinical interest in developing glucocorticoid therapies to treat blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) and other disorders of the central nervous system," Morrison says. His findings also hold important implications for military personnel exposed to blast injury. "We may be able to improve outcomes in brain-injured soldiers and civilians," he continues, "and reduce the length of their mandatory rest periods before returning to duty, making the difference between requiring only days rather than weeks or longer to recover.". This improvement could be a significant result, as there are currently no approved pharmaceutical therapies for traumatic brain injury (TBI), and recently completed clinical trials have not demonstrated any benefit of other tested neuro-protective interventions. For patients with head injuries (non-blast related) and brain edema, doctors have been prescribing glucocorticoids, a class of steroid hormones, as standard treatment for ...
Please see the following page for Presentations on the treatment of blast injuries, Traumatic Brain Injury, Post Traumatic Stress and Polytrauma or multiple physical injuries. Additionally, these presentations from the Veterans Health PolyTrauma and Brain Injury Centers and others focus on long-term cognitive and physical challenges faced by persons seeking a complete life and a return to mission and to work, school, home and community and to full inclusion in the everyday life activities of civil society.. ...
Blast injuries. Artwork showing the external and internal effects on the body of blast shockwaves from explosions. Organs shown include the brain and heart, along with blood vessels and the spine. The larger concentric circles (centre) show impact points on the surface of the body. Arrows (yellow) within the body show further effects, including increases in blood pressure in the arteries, ultimately leading to effects on the brain (small concentric circles). - Stock Image C002/3767
Thesis, English, Evaluation of the outcome of blast injuries presented to emergency department in suez canal university hospitals for El Sayed Emad Eldin Abd Elgawad
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is the signature wound of conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Conservative estimates put the number of U.S. warfighters who have experienced TBI at more than 200,000. Battlefield medical personnel today rely on visual signs and the personal accounts of patients to alert them to the possibility of TBI. The DARPA Blast Gauge provides a quantitative means for measuring blast related exposure, thus providing a mechanism for medical personnel to better identify those at risk for TBI. The gauge collects quantitative data to provide medics with a screening tool and data for uncovering the mechanisms of TBI.. During a recent engagement, a Soldier suffered a shrapnel injury and did not report a blast exposure to the medic treating his visible wounds. The medic opted to check the Blast Gauges on the Soldier; which told the real story. The Soldiers gauges displayed yellow lights, indicating a moderate exposure occurred during the engagement. In response, the medics downloaded ...
The most frequent injury sustained by U.S. service members deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan is mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), or concussion, by far most often caused by blast waves from improvised explosive devices or other explosive ordnance. TBI from all causes gives rise to chronic neuroendocrine disorders with an estimated prevalence of 25-50%. The current study expands upon our earlier finding that chronic pituitary gland dysfunction occurs with a similarly high frequency after blast-related concussions. We measured circulating hormone levels and accessed demographic and testing data from two groups of male veterans with hazardous duty experience in Iraq or Afghanistan. Veterans in the mTBI group had experienced one or more blast-related concussions. Members of the deployment control (DC) group encountered similar deployment conditions but had no history of blast-related mTBI. Twelve of 39 (31%) of the mTBI participants and three of 20 (15%) veterans in the DC group screened positive for one or
Purpose: To determine if treatment with non-medicated eye drops immediately after blast exposure reduces both corneal and retinal pathology.. Methods: We exposed the left eyes of 3 month-old DBA/2J mice to a single, 26psi blast of compressed air and provided a subset of mice with non-medicated eye drops (treated). Mice were collected at 3 and 28 days post-injury. All eyes were cryo-embedded, sectioned and labeled with antibodies against GFAP, Iba1, nitrotyrosine and TUNEL. Additional sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin to examine structure. Optic nerves were embedded in resin, sectioned and stained with p-phenylenediamine.. Results: The majority (90%) of untreated (blast exposed, no eye drops) corneas contained numerous pathologies (edema, hyphema, neovascularization), while only about 10% of corneas from treated eyes were edematous. Immune infiltrate were present in both the anterior and posterior chamber of untreated eyes but was limited to the subretinal space in treated eyes. ...
Explosive blast has been extensively used as a tactical weapon in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and more recently in Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF). The polytraumatic nature of blast injuries is evidence of their effectiveness, and brain injury is a frequent and debilitating form of this trauma. In-theater clinical observations of brain-injured casualties have shown that edema, intracranial hemorrhage, and vasospasm are the most salient pathophysiological characteristics of blast injury to the brain. Unfortunately, little is known about exactly how an explosion produces these sequelae as well as others that are less well documented. Consequently, the principal objective of the current report is to present a swine model of explosive blast injury to the brain. This model was developed during Phase I of the DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency) PREVENT (Preventing Violent Explosive Neurotrauma) blast research program. A second objective is to present data that illustrate the ...
In blast-induced traumatic brain injury, shock waves (SW) play an important role along with cavitation phenomena. Due to the lack of reliable and reproducible experimental investigations, we have a limited understanding of the role of cavitation in brain damage. The present study aims to develop an atomistic simulation model to determine the role of shock-induced impulse and different constituents of the brains extra-cellular matrix (ECM) on the formation mechanism, stability and collapsing mechanism of nanobubbles in the ECM. The ECM in the brain can be divided into three major types depending on their location behind the blood-brain barrier, namely (a) the basement membrane (basal lamina), (b) the perineuronal nets and (3) the neural interstitial matrix. In this paper, we have studied the interaction of nanobubbles with bio-molecules of the perineuronal nets. We have chosen this zone of the ECM because we are interested to obtain the role of cavitation bubble collapse in neuron damage. Most ...
Diagnosis Code S27.312 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Diagnosis Code S27.312A information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Ten years. Ten years since I have started meeting with victims of anti-personnel mines and cluster munitions in Laos, Cambodia, Lebanon, and Colombia.Ten years I have witnessed the ravaged bodies and...
voxels) five material model of the human head was created by segmentation of color cryosections from the Visible Human Female data set. Tissue material properties were assigned from literature values. The model was inserted into the shock physics wave code, CTH , and subjected to a simulated blast wave of 1.3 MPa (13 bars) peak pressure from anterior, posterior, and lateral directions. Three-dimensional plots of maximum pressure, volumetric tension, and deviatoric (shear) stress demonstrated significant differences related to the incident blast geometry. In particular, the calculations revealed focal brain regions of elevated pressure and deviatoric stress within the first 2 ms of blast exposure. Calculated maximum levels of 15 KPa deviatoric, 3.3 MPa pressure, and 0.8 MPa volumetric tension were observed before the onset of significant head accelerations. Over a 2 ms time course, the head model moved only 1 mm in response to the blast loading. Doubling the blast strength changed the resulting ...
Mild traumatic brain injury after blast exposure produces inflammation, oxidative stress and gene activation patterns that are similar to disorders of memory processing.
Theres insufficient reporting and research on the long-term health effects on U.S. veterans from blast exposure during Gulf War combat missions, according to the Institute of Medicine (IOM).
Primary blast lung injury frequently complicates military conflict and terrorist attacks on civilian populations. The fact that it occurs in areas of conflict or unpredictable mass casualty events makes clinical study in human casualties implausible. Research in this field is therefore reliant on the use of some form of biological or non-biological surrogate model. This article briefly reviews the modelling work undertaken in this field until now and describes the rationale behind the generation of an in silico physiological model.. ...
The mean age of the 25 children admitted was 9.4 years (SD 2.9 years, range 3 - 12 years). Reasons for admission were injuries to the hands, face and eye. Placement included admission to the trauma ward, burns unit and ophthalmology ward, and one child was admitted to the ICU. Surgical intervention for the injuries was required in 21 cases. Information about duration of hospital stay was available in 80% of cases. The mean length of hospitalisation was 3.5±3.2 days. None of the patients seen died from their injuries. Discussion. Despite the annual outcry over the indiscriminate use of fireworks during festive periods and the concomitant cruelty to animals, very little is known or has been published about injuries sustained by humans in South Africa.5,6 Children, because of their inquisitive nature and the excitement surrounding fireworks, are particularly vulnerable. They also cannot readily appreciate the dangers involved or act decisively in an emergency, hence their susceptibility to ...
Blast lung injuries (BLI) caused by blast waves are extremely critical in the prehospital setting, and hypotension is thought to be the main cause of death in such cases. The present study aimed to elucidate the pathophysiology of severe BLI using laser-induced shock wave (LISW) and identify the initial treatment. The current investigation comprised two parts. For the validation study, mice were randomly allocated to groups that received a single shot of 1.2, 1.3, or 1.4 J/cm2 LISW to both lungs. The survival rates, systolic blood pressure (sBP), heart rate (HR), peripheral oxyhemoglobin saturation (SpO2), and shock index were monitored for 60 min, and lung tissues were analyzed histopathologically. The study evaluated the effects of catecholamines as follows. Randomly assigned mice received 1.4 J/cm2 LISW followed by the immediate intraperitoneal administration of dobutamine, noradrenalin, or normal saline. The primary outcome was the survival rate. Additionally, sBP, HR, SpO2, and the shock index were
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In an instant, an explosion or blast can wreck havoc; producing numerous casualties with complex, technically challenging injuries not commonly seen after natural disasters such as floods or hurricanes. To address this issue, Centers for Disease Cont ...
SimEd aims to provide high-quality resources for Clinicians, Educators, Students, Technicians and Simulated Patients who are engaged in simulation-based education and training.. Supporting a community of practice in regional Victoria and beyond, SimEd provides a platform for sharing ideas, knowledge and experience of all current and future practitioners. SimEd provides a hub for discussion around the technical and educational aspects of simulation in healthcare education and for students, supports just-in-time learning and the development of work-ready skills. ...
An explosion near an overpass in Istanbuls busy Etiler district injured at least seven people Thursday morning, police said ...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the cognitive and neurophysiological effects of chronic exposure to repeated low-level blast overpressure. Previous studies show converging evidence for a neurophysiological effect from cumulative exposure to blast, which is consistent with subjective reports of cognitive impairment by individuals trained to use explosives to gain entry to structures (breachers). This study will expand on these findings by examining a larger cohort of experienced breachers who may be incurring a cumulative effect of low-level blast exposure over the course of several years. We will evaluate up to 20 participants from each of three groups: breachers, artillery control personnel, and unexposed individuals. Additionally, we will ask each of the above to bring a close companion for a set of questionnaires and an interview to capture changes in functioning that participants may not be able to self-assess. Participants will travel to the NIH for evaluation of cognitive and ...
A 46-year-old anti-government protester Prakong Chuchan has succumbed to the severe injuries caused by the bomb attract on Friday on Banthad Thong Road, according to the emergency medical services agency.
Largest Internet Trauma Care Site - Covers all aspects of injury prevention, evaluation and management. Includes an email Discussion group, Conference listings, Trauma Imagebank, Fellowship database. Home of Trauma Moulage on the Internet.
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International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) is a global network in some 100 countries working for a world free of antipersonnel landmines, where landmine survivors can lead fulfilling lives.
Authors: Dal Cengio Leonardi A, Keane NJ, Hay K, Ryan AG, Bir CA, Vandevord PJ.. Studies on blast neurotrauma have focused on investigating the effects of exposure to free-field blast representing the simplest form of blast threat scenario without considering any reflecting surfaces. However, in reality personnel are often located within enclosures or nearby reflecting walls causing a complex blast environment, that is, involving shock reflections and/or compound waves from different directions. The purpose of this study was to design a complex wave testing system and perform a preliminary investigation of the intracranial pressure (ICP) response of rats exposed to a complex blast wave environment (CBWE). The effects of head orientation in the same environment were also explored. Furthermore, since it is hypothesized that exposure to a CBWE would be more injurious as compared to a free-field blast wave environment (FFBWE), a histological comparison of hippocampal injury (cleaved caspase-3 and ...
Commander Moser has been instrumental in developing the Naval Special Warfare Medical Transition Program which manages the injured, disabled, wounded, and retiring Naval personnel to the Veterans Administration Centers. He intuitively discovered a very unique combat related head injury pattern that significantly affects SEALs night time combat balance, vital visual reactionary times due to post traumatic concussive ocular, vestibular, and cerebellar axis injuries. This study called the "Neurocognitive Assessment of Blast Exposure Sequelae in Combat Training Study" is now being used to further limit Special Operations training blast exposures and used in coordination with the Veterans Affairs Head Injury Program to improve the quality of life for our warriors. His 30+ years has taken him all over the globe as a special operational team surgical/orthopedic SEAL physician assistant around the Asian Islands, Desert Shield/Storm, and later deployed to Fallujah, Iraq with the Shock Trauma Platoon ...
The interaction of an airblast wave with a structure, and the blast wave propagation around and over the structure is of significant importance. In order to protect a structure from the airblast produced by such explosive threats as terrorist bombs, a facility designer must possess an adequate knowledge of the expected blast wave loading. Of greatest importance are pressures and impulses on the directly loaded face of the structure, since it is typically subjected to the highest (reflected) pressures. It has long been recognized that reflected pressure time histories can be strongly influenced by pressure relief from the free edges of the loaded wall. The relief wave can significantly reduce the magnitude of the late-time portion of the positive reflected pressure phase, resulting in a substantial decrease in the peak impulse load. Most current predictive methodologies attempt to account for the relief wave and its effect on impulse. Unfortunately, these methods tend to be rather inaccurate ...
Because an average of 200 people sustains fireworks-related injuries around the Fourth of July holiday every year, I want to remind everyone to take extra safety precautions if your July Fourth celebration includes fireworks.
Police are searching for a man who set off an explosive device in a Cheesecake Factory restaurant packed with customers, according to KTLA.
Brussels, 15 February 2002 On Monday, 18 February 2002 European Research Commissioner Philippe Busquin will present his view on how best the European research efforts against landmines should be pursued in order to reach the ambitious goal of total elimination of anti-personnel landmines world-wide in the coming years. The Common Position adopted by the Council and the European Parliament on 23 July 2001, demands that the Community exercises determined leadership in order to reach this goal. It also underlines that further research and development of mine action technology will have to continue and that further scientific research should be intensified with the aim to facilitate mine clearance to become faster, safer and more cost-effective. Commissioner Busquin is convinced that the many ongoing research efforts, at all levels and in the Members States, will have to be much better co-ordinated. A strategy is needed identifying the different steps of development and bringing together all actors: ...
Page 0 The International Campaign to Ban Landmines is committed to an international ban on the use, production, stockpiling, and sale, transfer, or export of antipersonnel landmines.
Concerts for a Landmine Free World by Various Artists starting at $0.99. Concerts for a Landmine Free World available on CD to buy at Alibris
Traumatic brain injury, or TBI, occurs as a consequence of many civilian accident and military combat scenarios. Examples include head impact sustained in automobile accidents and falls as well as blast wave loading from detonated improvised explosive devices. TBI is associated with a loss of functional capability of the brain to perform cognitive and memory tasks, process information, and a variety of motor and coordination deficits.. The consequences of brain trauma are set in motion at the instant of injury. Pressure and shear waves propagate through the skull and brain followed by linear and angular accelerations of the brain within the skull. The ultimate injury to the nervous system is a complex interaction of microscopic tissue damage, contusions, hemorrhages and direct tearing. It is well known that similar mechanisms and intensities of injury may lead to very different cognitive and disability outcomes. This suggests the existence of threshold levels and/or conditions of mechanical ...
A chemical sensing system developed by engineers at the University of Connecticut is believed to be the first of its kind capable of detecting vapors from buried landmines and other explosive devices with the naked eye rather ...
A chemical sensing system developed by engineers at the University of Connecticut is believed to be the first of its kind capable of detecting vapors from buried landmines and other explosive devices with the naked eye rather than advanced scientific instrumentation.
UPDATE: Entire town (within a mile radius) to be evacuated - toxic fumes may be spreading UPDATE: Up To 70 Dead, 38 seriously injured included blast injuries, orthopedic injuries, large wounds and a lot of lacerations and cuts. UPDATE: *AS MANY AS 80 HOMES DESTROYED IN TEXAS FERTILIZER BLAST: CNN In the aftermath of the Boston horrors, a massive explosion has occurred at a fertlizer plant in the town of West, Texas (near Waco). This week is the 20th anniversary of the deadly seige in Waco. There are at least 10 other buildings are on fire, including the town middle school, and a large swath of the town was
R&D Team: Dr. Kevin Wang1, Dr. Weihong Tan2, Dr. Firas Kobeissy1, Dr. Stephen Larner3.. 1Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Chemistry, 3Banyan Biomarkers, Inc.. Opportunity and Impact: The development of a novel nano-biosensor-based handheld point-of-care (POC) analyzer for the ultra-sensitive detection of brain injury biomarkers in human biofluids as a result of physical trauma, blast injury or act of biological or chemical terrorism. Currently, no rapid POC device exists that is capable of detecting acute brain injury biomarkers in human biofluid such as blood. About 1.5 million patients each year (USA) suffer from a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and another 500,000 suffer a stroke, consequently there is a tremendous need and opportunity for a device that will give doctors and emergency personnel a tool that can quickly assess the extent of injury. In addition, there is appreciable amount of interest from the Department of Defense (DoD) since TBIs now make up about 2/3 of the war ...
July: a time of sweltering heat, fireworks-related injuries, and newbie doctors roaming the halls of teaching hospitals, ready to learn medicine by practicing on you. The "July Effect"-the idea that medical mistakes spike in that month because new, inexperienced residents are on the scene- has become the subject of repeated studies trying to sort out whether its real or just conventional "wisdom." Those studies have reached differing results. So, should we believe the newest one, which attributes a 10 percent July spike in fatal medical errors to those freshmen docs?. The study by David Phillips and Gwendolyn Barker, to be published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, has a large sample size going for it. Phillips says that many prior "July effect" studies have examined just a single hospitals population. But:. He and Barker, by contrast, probed a national database of more than 62 million death certificates that spanned from 1979 (when hospital status was first recorded in those ...
WASHINGTON - U.S. acceptance of a treaty banning landmines is "long, long overdue" and President Barack Obama should use a 10-year review this weekend to announce plans to join the accord, anti-landmines campaigners said on Monday.. The treaty, which went into force on March 1, 1999, bans the use, stockpiling, production or transfer of antipersonnel mines. It has been endorsed by 156 countries, but several powers -- including the United States, Russia, China and India -- have not adopted it.. The United States is sending a State Department observer delegation to the treatys second five-year review conference on Sunday in Cartagena, Colombia, the first time it has attended a gathering of states that have accepted the treaty.. "The very fact that they are showing up we take as a positive sign of movement on this issue within the Obama administration," said Steve Goose, director of the Arms Division of Human Rights Watch.. "We hope theyre not coming empty-handed," he added. "We very much want ...
Presentation of final projects by doctoral candidates in the colleges Doctor of Nursing Practice program: "Disaster Preparedness: Assessment of Older Adults Living in the New York City Rockaway Community," by Katie Campos-Gatjens, DNP(c), FNP-BC "Assessment and Treatment of Non-Visible Blast Injuries," Diana E. Coseglia-Danna, DNP(c), FNP-BC "Hospital Evacuation: Are You Prepared?" by Cindy McVey, DNP(c), […] ...
cdneng2 writes Yahoo has the story that a Danish company has developed a plant that can detect landmines. The genetically modified weed that has been coded to change color when its roots come in contact with nitrogen-dioxide (NO2) evaporating from explosives buried in soil. The company website ha...
Landmines is an interesting title indeed. I am an Army doctor. My kids go to a daycare on base. Every single day they go through the fully armed gates and most days we see at least one amputee. Some days we see kids pushing their parents in wheelchairs. I say this not to be overly dramatic. We are all shaped by how we grow up. Perhaps, your daughter will grow up thinking that she has the power to cure cancer, much as I did myself after seeing my grandfather die from the disease when I was a very young child. Perhaps my children will grow up to want to become pm&r docs. maybe they will want to be military police. We cant know what effects the exposures we have as young kids will have. I think you have to tell as much as you think answers their questions without being overly graphic. Ive found that the answer that some people dont have legs is enough for my kids when asking why someone has a metal leg. I neednt go in to the details of the war with them. I think answering with the simplest ...
Landmine Marathon Morbidity lyrics & video : Hunted in starvation with extinction slicing at the heel One long raven braid takes several days to burn Scalps are covered in boil...
Environmental Health Perspectives today published online a paper reporting that weapons-grade tungsten alloys, newly incorporated into battlefield munitions, rapidly cause tumors, then lung cancer, when embedded in rats to emulate shrapnel wounds.
A tubular body is closed at both ends by first and second plate-like members, respectively and a transducer for converting a deflection into an electric signal is provided between the first and second plate-like members. A through hole is made in at least one of the plate-like members and, on the outside of the plate-like member, a pressure receiving member is disposed. A pressure received by the pressure receiving member is transmitted to the transducer to deflect its moving part. When an overpressure larger than a measuring pressure is applied to the pressure receiving member to deflect it in excess of a predetermined value, the deflection is limited by one of the plate-like members to define a space between the plate-like member and the transducer, thereby to prevent the transducer from being affected by the overpressure received by the plate-like member.
An European engineering company, Bakker Sliedrecht, has completed the electrical restoration of trailing suction hopper dredger Volvox Terranova.. The dredger Volvox Terranova was heavily damaged by an old sea mine while working on a project in Indonesia.. Bakker Sliedrecht reported that during the repairs, the vesselss two submersible motors in the suction tube were replaced by the more powerful one. Also, two transformers were placed to work with the new submersible motor.. In addition, a new electrical drive system was installed that powers both the jet pump and the dredging pump.. As the blast wave of the mine was very powerful, damage was caused throughout the ship. Therefore, Bakker Sliedrecht inspected the entire electrical system from power generation to power distribution. A whole new main switchboard was assembled in the workshop of Bakker Sliedrecht and installed on board the ship. The cable ducts and cabling were also renewed.. Bakker Sliedrecht also reported that the PLC Scada ...
In den letzten Jahren wurden auf dem Gebiet der sensorgest tzten, automatisierten Suche von Anti-Personen- Minen (AP-Minen) gro e Anstrengungen unternommen. In recent years, great efforts were made in the field of sensor-based automated search of anti-personnel mines (AP mines). Hierbei werden bspw. mehrachsige Metalldetektoren, Geo-Radarsysteme und auf Mikrosystemtechnik basierende Geruchssensoren verwendet, um im Boden vergrabene Minen aufzusp ren. This multi-axial Metal, geo-radar systems and based on microsystems technology odor sensors eg. Used to detect buried mines in the ground. Mit einigen dieser bekannten Verfahren sind bestimmte Minentypen mit einer hohen Wahrscheinlichkeit detektierbar, die geforderte Erkennungsrate von ≧ 99,9% f r das gesamte, im Einsatz befindliche Spektrum an AP-Minen ist jedoch nur mit Multi-Mode-Sensorsystemen erreichbar, bei welchen die unterschiedlichen Sensortypen kombiniert sind. With some of these known processes are certain types of mines with a high ...
BAKERSFIELD, Calif. (AP) - One man had his leg severed Saturday and four others were also injured as shrapnel from the demolition of a power plant flew into a crowd of more than 1,000 spectators that had gathered in Californias Central Valley to watch it come down, officials said.
Instructions on making these types of destructive devices can easily be found on the Internet and the mere possession of the materials with the intent t...
A blast-induced Final frontier : the pioneering science is more than 6 questions of tracer and expressly 71 Problems. 39; Successful Final in payment A, body D, distance B12, phosphate, injury and soft-tissue. When known in Final frontier, companies may Sign your appearance of injury visibility, Explore doctor food and indicate Phosphate absence.
Land mines Under Canadas leadership, representatives of over 100 nations met in Oslo, Norway in the summer of 1997 to develop a treaty imposing a worldwide ban on antipersonnel land mines. These weapons are a terrible scourge to civilians on the many old battlefields where they have been left behind at wars end. As many as 110 million land mines are buried around the world and each year they kill or maim 20,000 people--mostly children. Treaty negotiations were progressing rapidly until the US demanded that American mines in Korea be excluded from the global ban for nine years. The rationale given for the delay was the need to develop and deploy equally effective devices to protect the 37,000 American troops stationed in South Korea. The US also demanded that an exception for explosive devices, whose purpose is to prevent deactivation of antitank mines, be broadened to cover Americas anti-tank mine design. Other nations refused to dilute the treaty provisions, and the document was then ...
Even witnessing it up-close and in person, the transformation is hard to believe. Grace Perry, a naturally pretty, soft-spoken 23-year-old college...
Learn how patented failure-initiating indents and precision scoring make the reverse-acting ULTRX rupture disc a versatile overpressure protection option.
How much airflow per square centimeter do they generate? As for the cluster here plenty of space available. To rent office space is around a 50 euro a square meter a year over here, not sure about there. So the cluster, some cardboard and huge fans of 14 and 18 CM are diong the job to cool the nodes and switch, mellanox of course. now as i understand the square meters they reserve for datacenters is always far too limited, causing space each node eats as important as well, yet thats not the problem here in my office. The thing that worries me more is the airflow to outside (and inside). Usually only have limited amount of square centimeters of tube there. The industrial fans that have massive airflow, theyre very very noisy. Im already wondering about using some massive cardboard box and blow in air there using 8 fans (@ 100CFM each) or so and then behind them a second layer of fans, around 6 @ 100CFM, creating a massive overpressure, hoping that this will generate more airpressure, enough ...
utilize will end up in the toilet. However, the intestines also have natural inhabitants: Bacteria. The bacteria have been waiting for a long time for such a feast ! Lots and lots of disaccharides, their favorite meal! To thank you for the meal, they start to produce large amounts of gas (they fart) and they start to produce acids. As a result, the gas pressure in the intestines gets higher and higher. The body wants to relieve itself of the overpressure, and the host (you) starts to burp and fart. Also, the ...
The invention relates to a generally tubular prosthesis (1) for controlling the direction of flow in a duct (O) of a living organism. Said prosthesis consists of a biocompatible, elastically deformable material and comprises an annular proximal fixing part (1 a) in a section (H) of the duct (O) with a greater diameter; and a distal part (1 b) whose wall is designed in such a way that it can collapse on itself in the event that an overpressure is exerted on its outer surface. The diameter of said annular proximal fixing part (1 a) is substantially equal to that of said section (H) of the duct (O) with a greater diameter and its resistance to crushing is significantly greater than that of the distal part (1 b) of the prosthesis (1), so that the annular proximal part (1 a) can retain the prosthesis (1) in the duct (O) of the living organism.
Why shouldnt I work for the N.S.A.? Thats a tough one, but Ill give it a shot. Say Im working at N.S.A. Somebody puts a code on my desk, something nobody else can break. So I take a shot at it and maybe I break it. And Im real happy with myself, cause I did my job well. But maybe that code was the location of some rebel army in North Africa or the Middle East. Once they have that location, they bomb the village where the rebels were hiding and fifteen hundred people I never had a problem with get killed. Now the politicians are sayin, "Send in the marines to secure the area" cause they dont give a shit. It wont be their kid over there, gettin shot. Just like it wasnt them when their number was called, cause they were pullin a tour in the National Guard. Itll be some guy from Southie takin shrapnel in the ass. And he comes home to find that the plant he used to work at got exported to the country he just got back from. And the guy who put the shrapnel in his ass got his old job, ...
By Bob Cesca: Over the weekend, a homemade explosive device was ignited at a Planned Parenthood facility in Grand Chute, Wisconsin. No one was injured (this
Capsule: Would like to inflict the damage of a thermal well explosive device and inflict that damage from a distance? Well, sometimes, throwing isnt good enough. The PlasGoo Gun from KÆrmTech solves that problem.The PlasGoo Gun fires a specially designed round that contains various of the components that are used in the thermal well. When the round is fired, it superheats in 5 microseconds, reaching temperatures of about 2000º C. On impact, the force of the bullet is combined with the splash of superheated goopy contents of the round, causing damage so great, few people have survived a hit from this weapon. Many Imperial units have changed their E-Web Heavy Repeating Blasters with these, since they only require one person to carry, although they have to be very strong (min STR: 4D), and cause heavier damage. A heavier version is available for vehicle, with a greater ammo capacity (100 round drum) and greater damage (5D speeder scale). Price tag: 2500 credits.. ...
After training more than 80 EAF personnel across 2015/16 in Counter-improvised explosive device (C-IED) and close protection, hosted in the UK, Michael Fallon
For the record, dont crouch when a grenades about to go off - get down flat on the ground, on your stomach, feet pointing toward the grenade. According to one British ex-marine, grenades send their shrapnel out at such an angle that you can sometimes be lying flat on the ground 10 feet away and come out completely unscathed. I have no plans to test this statement.. ...
Ka-pow. Bing, Bam, Boom. For launch shots, I shoot with timing priority at 1/3000 seconds or faster to catch the action. This helps freeze the shrapnel in sharp focus. Typically, I am tracking the rocket by hand with a 400mm zoom. Rockets bursting in air… In this example, a home-brew motor mixed with 8 pounds…. ...
Nimbus Nutrition is seeking 2 testers to run a 30 day log on either Blast or Swell(not both, as we want some seperate logs on these puppys for
Blast! Blast! Blast! The machine didnt do anything - both I and the CURIOUS CRITTERS were still on this remote but beautiful island....
If you are running MacVector 12.7.5 or earlier Blast will stop working for you from the end of this month. The fix for this is below. MacVector makes it easy to run a Blast search from your Desktop, and retrieve the hits directly back into MacVector. MacVector does this by submitting these Blast searches directly […]. ...
The goal of this project is to determine the effects of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and blast exposure on the vestibular system and CNS. Dizziness and balance disorders are common symptoms associated with mTBI or head injury. Numerous studies have provided significant evidence that mTBI or head injury can cause damage to the vestibular system; however, most have limited the vestibular evaluation to assessment of horizontal semicircular canal function. Recently, methods have been developed to assess otolith function, and there is some evidence that head injury may affect the otolith organs to a greater degree than the semicircular canals.. mTBI has been called the signature condition of Veterans returning from Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF), and the cause is often related to blast exposure from improvised explosive devices, mortars or rocket-propelled grenades. Some investigators have presumed that dizziness and balance disorders following blast exposure are ...
Visual prognosis after an open globe injury is typically worse than after a closed globe injury due, in part, to the immune response that ensues following open globe trauma. There is a need for an animal model of open globe injury in order to investigate mechanisms of vision loss and test potential therapeutics. The left eyes of DBA/2 J mice were exposed to an overpressure airwave blast. This strain lacks a fully functional ocular immune privilege, so even though the blast wave does not rupture the globe, immune infiltrate and neuroinflammation occurs as it would in an open globe injury. For the first month after blast wave exposure, the gross pathology, intraocular pressure, visual function, and retinal integrity of the blast-exposed eyes were monitored. Eyes were collected at three, seven, and 28 days to study the histology of the cornea, retina, and optic nerve, and perform immunohistochemical labeling with markers of cell death, oxidative stress, and inflammation. The overpressure airwave caused
Military servicemen and women who are exposed to blast shockwaves may end up with hidden scars on their brains that cant be picked up by most brain imaging techniques, according to a new study in the journal Lancet. As a result, their injuries are likely to go undiagnosed, and quite possibly untreated as well.. In a statement, lead researcher Daniel Perl explained that "blast-related brain injuries are the signature injury of modern military conflicts." Paradoxically, however, despite the high prevalence of cognitive impairment experienced by military personnel who are exposed to these shockwaves, "routine imaging for blast-related traumatic brain injury often shows no brain abnormalities.". Previous research has led to several theories regarding how shockwaves cause the types of symptoms that soldiers tend to suffer after being caught up in bomb blasts. For example, one study earlier this year provided evidence that these shockwaves cause tiny bubbles to form and then burst in the ...
Blast exposure is associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI), neuropsychiatric symptoms, and long-term cognitive disability. We examined a case series of postmortem brains from U.S. military veterans exposed to blast and/or concussive injury. We found evidence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a tau protein-linked neurodegenerative disease, that was similar to the CTE neuropathology observed in young amateur American football players and a professional wrestler with histories of concussive injuries. We developed a blast neurotrauma mouse model that recapitulated CTE-linked neuropathology in wild-type C57BL/6 mice 2 weeks after exposure to a single blast. Blast-exposed mice demonstrated phosphorylated tauopathy, myelinated axonopathy, microvasculopathy, chronic neuroinflammation, and neurodegeneration in the absence of macroscopic tissue damage or hemorrhage. Blast exposure induced persistent hippocampal-dependent learning and memory deficits that persisted for at least 1 month and ...
In this thesis, Palaeogene pressure data collected from over 300 offshore wells in the UK, Norwegian and Danish sectors of the North Sea are analysed. Regional overpressure distributions within individual Palaeocene and Eocene sandstone members are mapped across the Central North Sea, and lateral fluid flow pathways are interpreted within each individual sandstone member. Drainage within the older Maureen, Mey and Forties sandstone members is found to be predominantly south-east to north-west, with additional westwards drainage observed within the Mey and Forties sands, where smaller lateral fans fed into the basin from the Western Platform. Overpressure distributions within the Cromarty and Tay sandstone members indicate drainage westwards, where fluids probably escape through shelfal sandstones of the Mousa and Dornoch formations ...
NUCLEAR SURVIVAL MANUAL BOSDEC The Concrete Curtain JAMES R. FAIRLAMB From the collection of the z n z m o PreTinger I a v AJibrary San Francisco, California 2006 NUCLEAR SURVIVAL MANUAL BOSDEC - The Concrete Curtain NUCLEAR SURVIVAL MANUAL BOSDEC - THE CONCRETE CURTAIN BY JAMES R. FAIRLAMB FIRST EDITION PUBLISHERS DREXEL WINSLOW & FARRINGTON P. O. BOX 55 BUTLER, N. J. COPYRIGHT, JAMES R. FAIRLAMB 1963 All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce this book or parts thereof in any form in any language. Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 63-21932 Printed in the United States of America TKe Colonial Press Inc. Clinton, Mass. CONTENTS INDEX GUIDE PAGE Dedication 19 Foreword 21 CHAPTER 1 Surviving Immediate Effects of a Nuclear Explosion 27 SURVIVAL FOR ONE MINUTE THERMAL RADIATION Flash Fireball heat Afterwinds Firestorms Vaporization INITIAL NUCLEAR RADIATION BLAST Overpressure Air blast Mach front Blast wave Overpressure and wind velocity decay Blast winds Ground shock and Shockwaves ...
Scientists are engineering a real-life Mighty Mouse that will scurry through fields sniffing out hidden landmines thanks to olfactory superpowers.. The researchers, at Hunter College of the City University of New York, have genetically engineered the animals to be 500 times better equipped than their normal counterparts to sniff out landmine explosives. They hope that these "hero mice" could warn of buried bombs.. Hidden landmines are a deadly reality in nearly 70 countries globally, and detection and removal are expensive and dangerous. Currently, metal detectors, radar, magnetometers, and sniffer dogs are used to search for them.. A Belgian organization called APOPO already uses giant African pouched rats as a cheaper way to sniff out landmines. The rats are not genetically modified, but their sense of smell is sharp enough to detect TNT. The bomb-sniffing rats are taught to scratch the ground when they detect a hidden mine (fortunately, they are small enough not to set off the explosives). ...
Thursday, August 2, 2012 A chemical sensing system developed by engineers at the University of Connecticut is believed to be the first of its kind capable of detecting vapors from buried landmines and other explosive devices with the naked eye rather than advanced scientific instrumentation.. The research was first reported in the May 11, 2012 online edition of Advanced Functional Materials.. The key to the system is a fluorescent nanofiberous film that can detect ultra-trace levels of explosive vapors and buried explosives when applied to an area where explosives are suspected. A chemical reaction marking the location of the explosive device occurs when the film is exposed to handheld ultraviolet light.. The system can detect nitroaromatics such as those found in TNT and 2,4-DNT (the militarys primary explosive and the principle components in landmines) as well as the elements used in harder to detect plastic explosives such as HMX, RDX, Tetryl, and PETN. The ultra-sensitive system can detect ...
Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and Anti-Tank (AT) mines are a significant threat for military vehicles and their occupants. These explosive devices are designed for the destruction and damage of armored and other vehicles, by using them in battle fields on routes of army vehicles. The blast event results in effects like shockwave, fragments, fire, gases, blast overpressure as well as the vertical impulse load. A blast event affects occupants inside the vehicle in the form of various types of injuries (lower leg, spinal, chest, head etc) and trauma.The Lower leg is the foremost injured body region in a blast event. The term lower leg is used to designate the tibia, fibula and the foot/ankle complex in this paper. Detonations occurring under a vehicle produce high velocity floorboard flutter/deformation and transmit axial loads to lower leg and create injuries.In order to mitigate lower leg injury, countermeasures like seat mounted footrests, surrogate floors; energy-absorbing aluminum ...
Eye injuries affect approximately two million people annually. Various experimental studies have been performed to evaluate potentially injurious conditions from blunt objects using animal and human cadaver eyes. Experimental data from these studies have been used to develop injury risk curves to predict eye injuries based on projectile parameters such as kinetic energy and normalized energy. Recently, intraocular pressure (IOP) has been correlated to injury risk, which allows eye injuries to be predicted if projectile characteristics are unknown. Additionally, the measurement of IOP and the association of IOP to injury risk in experimental tests has opened up the field to studying eye injury mechanisms from overpressure. The current manuscript presents recent experimental tests that evaluated the response of human cadaver eyes exposed to firework overpressure. Consumer fireworks serve as a model of low level blast, and provides a foundation to studying higher blast overpressures (i.e., that ...
The minimum, maximum and average diameters of the resultant tears after dry, distilled water- and saline-soaked graph papers were subjected to increasing impulses are shown in Table 1.. Figure 4 shows the maximum tearing diameters against the peak generated currents for dry, distilled water- and saline-soaked graph papers. Trendlines showed greater tearing of the paper soaked in 0.9% saline than of the dry or distilled water soaked papers. The tearing diameter of the paper soaked in 0.9% saline was higher than those for the dry and water-soaked papers. However, it can be seen that there is not much difference between the maximum tearing diameter for the dry paper and that for the paper soaked in distilled water.. Tearing and tattering occurred in all the papers, confirming the existence of a non-discriminant blast wave around a long, linear spark (lightnings luminous channel).. The greater extent of tattering in the saline-soaked paper could be because of the conductive nature of saline. The ...
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Purpose: Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (MTBI) is a signature injury of modern warfare. Unlike impact injuries, which are focal, blast-induced MTBI damage is diffuse, affecting multiple portions of the brain via impaired axonal connectivity, impairing operations involving memory, impulse control and prediction/planning ("executive function."). Current MTBI testing uses highly subjective self-reporting and questionnaires. It is estimated that up to 25% of brain-injured veterans are not properly diagnosed, and may not receive treatment. Previously, we presented a saccade-based test that effectively detected decreased performance in MTBI. Here we present results for these same subjects on smooth pursuit tasks designed to evaluate executive function deficits, and compare their diagnostic value to saccadic testing.. Methods: We compared 11 controls with no history of closed-head injury, and 11 MTBI subjects involved in at least one close-proximity explosion. Subjects were excluded if they were taking ...
Alibris has new & used books by States Army Ordnance Dept United States Army Ordnance Dept, including hardcovers, softcovers, rare, out-of-print first editions, signed copies, and more.
The purpose of this study was to compare the neuropsychological outcome from blast-related versus non-blast related mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Participants were 56 U.S. military service members who sustained an MTBI, divided into two groups based on mechanism of injury: (a) non-blast related (Non-blast; n = 21), and (b) blast plus secondary blunt trauma (Blast Plus; n = 35). All participants had sustained their injury in theatre whilst deployed during Operation Iraqi Freedom or Operation Enduring Freedom.
1502 views. MANILA. Instead of welcoming the New Year with firecrackers, a Catholic prelate has asked the faithful to usher in 2017 by praying.. "We should no longer use firecrackers to welcome the New Year. Be together as a family, pray together, and eat together would be a good way to celebrate the New Year," Manila Auxiliary Bishop Broderick Pabillo said.. Manila Archbishop Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle said that for the Catholic Church, the New Year is a time to remember Mary "as the mother of Christ, the Prince of Peace.". "Kaya ang bagong taon ay pananalangin para sa kapayapaan. Ano ba ang kapayapaan? Hindi lamang po kawalan ng gusot, ang kapayapaan ay kung nasaan ang katotohanan, katarungan, tunay na paggalang sa buhay at dignidad ng kapwa-tao,tunay na kalayaan at pagmamahalan. Ang kapayapaan ay bunga lamang ng lahat ng iyan, kaya manalangin po tayo sa taong ito at ating isalalay sa kamay ng mahal na ina na nagbigay sa atin ng hari ng kapayapaan ang taong darating," Tagle said in his New ...
Antietam and Monocacy National Battlefields have prepared a plan and environmental assessment (plan/EA) for Chronic Wasting Disease Detection and Initial Response. The plan/EA outlines a range of strategies for the detection of and initial response to chronic wasting disease (CWD) in white-tailed deer in the battlefields. It is important to note that Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) has not been detected in white-tailed deer in Maryland. However, since the disease has been detected within 60 miles of the park units and may threaten park units in the future this planning process was initiated in 2007.. The National Park Service (NPS) also announces it will host two public open house sessions to present the Detection and Initial Response Plan/Environmental Assessment. The plan/EA presents and evaluates three alternatives for responding to Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) should it appear within or near park lands at Antietam National Battlefield in Sharpsburg, Maryland or Monocacy National Battlefield ...
1. Xydakis MS, FravelI MD, Casler JD. Analysis of Battlefield Head and Neck Injuries in Iraq and Afghanistan. Otol Head and Neck Surg 2005; 133: 497- 504 2. Brennan J. Experience of first deployed otolaryngology team in Operation Iraqi Freedom: the changing face of combat injuries. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2006; 134(1): 100- 105 3. Jackson DS, Batty CG, Ryan JM, McGregor WS. The Falklands War: Army Field Surgical Experience. Ann R ColI Surg Eng 1983; 65: 281-285 4. Dobson JE, NewelI MJ, Shepherd JP. Trends in Maxillofacial Injuries in Wartime (1914-1986). Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 1989; 27: 441-450 5. Gibbons AJ, Mackenzie N Lessons Learned in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery from British Military Deployments in Afghanistan. JR Army Med Corps 2010; 156:110-113 6. Powers D B, Robertson O B. Ten Common Myths of Ballistic Injuries. Oral Maxillofacial Surg Clin N Am.2005; 17: 251-259 7. Gokel T. Improvised Explosive Devices and the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon. Oral Maxillofacial Surg Clin N Am ...

Blast injury | Britannica.comBlast injury | Britannica.com

Blast injury,, any injury caused by a pressure wave such as that following an explosion. Blast injuries may be inflicted by ... Blast injury, any injury caused by a pressure wave such as that following an explosion. Blast injuries may be inflicted by such ... blast injury and (2) the effects of too-rapid changes in the atmospheric pressure in the environment. Blast injuries may be ... More About Blast injury. 1 reference found in Britannica articles. Assorted References. *effects on body* In human disease: ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/science/blast-injury

Commonest organ injured primary blast injuries is a Lung Liverc Spleend SkiCommonest organ injured primary blast injuries is a Lung Liverc Spleend Ski

... Lung is the most common organ damaged in an air ... blast injury.Reference:1. Disasters and Public Health By Clements, 2009, Pages 66-672. The Essentials of Forensic Medicine and ... Commonest organ injured primary blast injuries is:a Lung Liverc Spleend SkinLung ismost common organ damagedan air blast ... Commonest organ to be injured in primary blast injuries is:a. Lung b. .... ...
more infohttp://mbbsdost.com/AIIMS-Neuroanaesthesia-Update-2015-/medical/Commonest-organ-injured-primary-blast-injuries-is-a-Lung-Liverc-Spleend-Ski/random-mcqs-questions/

Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office (BIRCO)Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office (BIRCO)

Department of Defense Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office, Advancing Blast Injury Research to Protect and Heal Those Who ... Blast Injury 101:. What is Blast Injury?. Science of Blast. Program Areas. Blast Injuries in Focus. SoS Meetings. Contact Us ... March is Brain Injury. Awareness Month. The Blast Injury Research Coordinating Office (BIRCO). plays a key role through ... Your current Blast Injury Research Program session has expired. Your next click will take you away from the private area, and ...
more infohttps://emergency.cdc.gov/planning/blastinjury-mobile-app.asp

Making Light: Trauma and You, Part Six: Blast InjuriesMaking Light: Trauma and You, Part Six: Blast Injuries

Blast injuries are challenging: Practically any kind of traumatic injury is possible. The scene may be unsafe. There may be ... The most common, and most serious, injury in blasts is lung injury. This may not be instantly obvious. Damage to the lungs may ... Comments on Trauma and You, Part Six: Blast Injuries: #1 ::: Ralph Robert (Rob) Moore ::: (view all by) ::: July 29, 2013, 07: ... Trauma and You, Part Six: Blast Injuries. Posted by Jim Macdonald at 03:04 AM * 79 comments As promised in Trauma and You Part ...
more infohttp://nielsenhayden.com/makinglight/archives/015024.html

Blast Injury to Abdomen by Depth Charge | The BMJBlast Injury to Abdomen by Depth Charge | The BMJ

Blast Injury to Abdomen by Depth Charge Br Med J 1943; 1 :537 ... Blast Injury to Abdomen by Depth Charge. Br Med J 1943; 1 doi: ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/1/4295/537

Blast Injury Science and Engineering | SpringerLinkBlast Injury Science and Engineering | SpringerLink

... engineering and medicine behind blast injuries. The multi-disciplinary team of authors bring together th ... Ballistic injury Blast Injuries Blast Injury Treatment Injury Mechanisms Injury Mitigation research ... Blast Injury Science and Engineering: A Guide for Clinicians and Researchers is a comprehensive interdisciplinary text aimed at ... Applications of Blast Injury Research: Solving Clinical Problems. * Front Matter Pages 227-227 ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-3-319-21867-0

Blast injury - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaBlast injury - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Primary blast injury. The blast wave causes primary blast injuries such as blast lung. In this fatal case both lungs have ... Types of blast injuries. A person may suffer multiple injuries and from more than one category of blast injury. They may have ... A blast injury is a wound caused by direct or indirect exposure to an explosive blast. Physical blast injuries are divided into ... death was due solely to internal injuries from the blast wave.[4] Blast lung is the most common fatal primary blast injury in ...
more infohttps://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blast_injury

按主题Blast Injuries浏览Technical documents按主题"Blast Injuries"浏览Technical documents

At the meeting, 80 representatives from 42 associations and 12 observer organizations considered three vital public health issues : the Ljubljana Charter on Health Care Reforms; the use, misuse and abuse of drugs; and the ...
more infohttps://extranet.who.int/iris/restricted/handle/10665/107133/browse?locale-attribute=zh&type=mesh&authority=Blast+Injuries

CDC - Mining - Blasting Injuries in Surface Mining with Emphasis on Flyrock!! - NIOSHCDC - Mining - Blasting Injuries in Surface Mining with Emphasis on Flyrock!! - NIOSH

Mining Publication: Blasting Injuries in Surface Mining with Emphasis on Flyrock and Blast Area Security. Keywords: Blasting ... Injury Analysis of Pennsylvania Small Surface Coal Mines. *A Summary of Fatal Accidents Due to Flyrock and Lack of Blast Area ... Blasting is a hazardous component of surface mining. Serious injuries and fatalities result from improper judgment or practice ... factors and preventive measures to mitigate injuries due to flyrock and lack of blast area security in surface blasting. ...
more infohttps://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/works/coversheet627.html

Subject: Blast injuries | Search Results | Academic CommonsSubject: Blast injuries | Search Results | Academic Commons

Blood-brain barrier disordersBrain--Wounds and injuriesBrain--Wounds and injuries--TreatmentBlast injuriesBlood-brain barrier ... 1. Blood-Brain Barrier Dysfunction and Repair after Blast-Induced Traumatic Brain Injury ... You searched for: Subject Blast injuries Remove constraint Subject: Blast injuries 1 entry found ...
more infohttps://academiccommons.columbia.edu/search?f%5Bsubject_ssim%5D%5B%5D=Blast+injuries

Blast Injury Science and Engineering | Springer for Research & DevelopmentBlast Injury Science and Engineering | Springer for Research & Development

... engineering and medicine behind blast injuries. The multi-disciplinary team of authors bring together th ... Ballistic injury Blast Injuries Blast Injury Treatment Injury Mechanisms Injury Mitigation research ... Blast Injury Science and Engineering: A Guide for Clinicians and Researchers is a comprehensive interdisciplinary text aimed at ... Applications of Blast Injury Research: Solving Clinical Problems. * Front Matter Pages 227-227 ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-21867-0

Blast injury: causes, symptoms, and treatment | hear.comBlast injury: causes, symptoms, and treatment | hear.com

Comprehensive information about a blast injury ✔ How hearing aids can help ✔ Symptoms, diagnosis & therapy ✔ Risk-free trial: ... Understand blast injury. Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of a blast injury. Blast injury is a type of acoustic shock that ... Blast injury and hearing aids. As a rule, a lasting blast injury can lead to hearing damage in the upper frequency range. This ... Symptoms of a blast injury. After a blast injury, a patient typically feels as if the injured ear is clogged. Thus, their ...
more infohttps://www.hear.com/useful-knowledge/blast-injury/

The ultrastructure of rat lung following acute primary blast injury.  - PubMed - NCBIThe ultrastructure of rat lung following acute primary blast injury. - PubMed - NCBI

The ultrastructure of rat lung following acute primary blast injury.. Brown RF1, Cooper GJ, Maynard RL. ... While a number of workers have described the effects of blast waves upon the lung at both the macroscopic and light microscopic ... In the experiments reported here the ultrastructural changes seen in lungs from rats exposed to a blast wave impacting on the ... that lesions noted in the left lung at the electron microscopic level may be progressive in the first 24 hours following injury ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8499315?dopt=Abstract

Explaining Brain Injury, Blast Injury and PTSD to Children and TeensExplaining Brain Injury, Blast Injury and PTSD to Children and Teens

Learning to Live with Yourself after Brain Injury eBook. *Explaining Brain Injury, Blast Injury and PTSD to Children and Teens ... Explaining Brain Injury, Blast Injury and PTSD to Children and Teens. Marilyn Lash, M.S.W., Janelle Breese Biagioni and Tonya ... social and communicative changes that can follow a brain injury, blast injury or PTSD. Using examples from children of all ages ... Others have a parent with a blast injury. Some have a parent with post traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD). Some parents have ...
more infohttps://www.lapublishing.com/ptsd-brain-injury-children/?printable=Y&printable=Y

Bomb blast injuries to the ear: the London Bridge incident series. | Emergency Medicine JournalBomb blast injuries to the ear: the London Bridge incident series. | Emergency Medicine Journal

In summary, the ear is very susceptible to bomb blast injury, but there is a high rate of spontaneous closure of perforations ... Twelve patients who were treated for ear injuries at Guys Hospital following the London Bridge bomb blast in February 1992 ...
more infohttp://emj.bmj.com/content/12/3/194

Molecular Changes in Brain After Mild Blast Injury are Similar to Those Caused by AlzheimersMolecular Changes in Brain After Mild Blast Injury are Similar to Those Caused by Alzheimer's

Mild traumatic brain injury after blast exposure produces inflammation, oxidative stress and gene activation patterns that are ... Head Injury. Head injury or traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of disability among children and young adults that leads ... Their findings were recently reported in the online version of the Journal of Neurotrauma.Blast-induced traumatic brain injury ... Brain tissues of rats exposed to blast and to a sham procedure were tested two and 24 hours after the injury.Gene activity ...
more infohttp://www.medindia.net/news/molecular-changes-in-brain-after-mild-blast-injury-are-similar-to-those-caused-by-alzheimers-118021-1.htm

Case Report of Delayed Esophageal Blast Injury Treated Non-operatively With Esophageal Stent - SAGES Abstract ArchivesCase Report of Delayed Esophageal Blast Injury Treated Non-operatively With Esophageal Stent - SAGES Abstract Archives

Case Report of Delayed Esophageal Blast Injury Treated Non-operatively With Esophageal Stent. Stephanie Sea, MD, John Henry ... Our case demonstrates the management of a delayed esophageal blast injury successfully completed with conservative management ... On post-injury day #78, the patient had his stent removed. His swallow study was negative, the diet was initiated and the chest ... No additional injuries were noted at that time and the patient was transferred to the SICU for resuscitation. On hospital day # ...
more infohttps://www.sages.org/meetings/annual-meeting/abstracts-archive/case-report-of-delayed-esophageal-blast-injury-treated-non-operatively-with-esophageal-stent/

Imperial to help develop blast injury hub for conflict survivors in Sri Lanka | Imperial News | Imperial College LondonImperial to help develop blast injury hub for conflict survivors in Sri Lanka | Imperial News | Imperial College London

Centre for Blast Injury Studies at Imperial College London will lead on a project to set up a regional surgical blast injury ... Imperial to help develop blast injury hub for conflict survivors in Sri Lanka. by Colin Smith 17 July 2017 ... The Imperial researchers, working with their partners, will firstly address the characteristics of blast injuries in the region ... The Royal British Legion Centre for Blast Injury Studies enters new phase ...
more infohttps://www.imperial.ac.uk/news/180593/imperial-help-develop-blast-injury-conflict/

Ballistic and blast injuries : Oxford Desk Reference - Major Trauma - oiBallistic and blast injuries : Oxford Desk Reference - Major Trauma - oi

Blast injury - Clinical and pathological effects of explosions - Principles of management - Further reading Pathophysiology of ... Blast injury - Clinical and pathological effects of explosions - Principles of management - Further reading ...
more infohttp://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/med/9780199543328.003.0024

Report Examines Lower Body Blast Injuries - GlobalDefence.net -Streitkräfte der WeltReport Examines Lower Body Blast Injuries - GlobalDefence.net -Streitkräfte der Welt

Report Examines Lower Body Blast Injuries. 22. September 2011. Team GlobDef WASHINGTON, Sept. 21, 2011 - The Army Sur-geon ... Mil-i-tary med-ical teams use a mul-ti-dis-ci-pli-nary approach to com-plex blast injuries, incor-po-rat-ing sur-geons, ther-a- ... By ser-vice, 53 Marines, 23 sol-diers and two sailors suf-fered dis-mount-ed com-plex blast injuries result-ing in ampu-ta-tion ... told reporters he has worked with many ser-vice mem-bers who have suf-fered com-plex blast injuries. ...
more infohttps://www.globaldefence.net/archiv/defence-news/report-examines-lower-body-blast-injuries/

Blast Injury and Cardiopulmonary Symptoms in U.S. Veterans: Analysis of a National Registry | Annals of Internal Medicine |...Blast Injury and Cardiopulmonary Symptoms in U.S. Veterans: Analysis of a National Registry | Annals of Internal Medicine |...

Blast Injury and Cardiopulmonary Symptoms in U.S. Veterans: Analysis of a National Registry Nisha Jani, MPH; Michael J. Falvo, ... Blast Injury and Cardiopulmonary Symptoms in U.S. Veterans: Analysis of a National Registry. Ann Intern Med. ;167:753-755. doi ... Exposure to blast waves during military deployment has been recognized as the hallmark injury of the wars in Iraq and ... The exact relationship between blast lung injury and long-term sequelae is unknown; however, animal models show long-term, ...
more infohttp://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/2654461/blast-injury-cardiopulmonary-symptoms-u-s-veterans-analysis-national-registry

Evaluation of the outcome of blast injuries presented to emergency department in suez canal university hospitals  for El Sayed...Evaluation of the outcome of blast injuries presented to emergency department in suez canal university hospitals for El Sayed...

Evaluation of the outcome of blast injuries presented to emergency department in suez canal university hospitals for El Sayed ... Evaluation of the outcome of blast injuries presented to emergency department in suez canal university hospitals for El Sayed ... Evaluation of the outcome of blast injuries presented to emergency department in suez canal university hospitals for El Sayed ... Evaluation of the outcome of blast injuries presented to emergency department in suez canal university hospitals for El Sayed ...
more infohttp://www.philadelphia.edu.jo/newlibrary/eng/english-books/671-english-books/142494-engb-142494

Mayor Parojinog, asawa, di namatay sa blast injury, ayon sa autopsy report |  ABS-CBN NewsMayor Parojinog, asawa, di namatay sa blast injury, ayon sa autopsy report | ABS-CBN News

Mayor Parojinog, asawa, di namatay sa blast injury, ayon sa autopsy report. ABS-CBN News. Posted at Aug 02 2017 10:36 PM , ... Blast injury din ang ikinamatay ng isa pang bodyguard na si Vicente Torregoza. Siya ang nakitaan ng Scene of the Crime ... Sa resulta ng autopsy report, nagtamo ng blast injury sina Mayor Reynaldo Aldong Parojinog Sr., asawang si Susan, kapatid na ... Walang tama ng baril si Board Member Octavio Parojinog, maging si Mona Parojinog, at pawang blast injury ang kanilang ...
more infohttp://news.abs-cbn.com/news/08/02/17/mayor-parojinog-asawa-di-namatay-sa-blast-injury-ayon-sa-autopsy-report

Traumatic Brain Injury  - Blast InjuriesTraumatic Brain Injury - Blast Injuries

The explosion causes an instant rise in pressure, which creates a blast wave. This wave starts at the site of the explosion and ... Blast injuries are caused by the indirect impact from a pressure wave generated by an explosion. ... Freeman, what can you tell us about blast injuries?. Dr. Freeman. Well, Dr. Hemstad, blast injuries are caused by the indirect ... Primary blast injury occurs when the blast wave hits the body. Air-filled organs, such as the ears, lungs, stomach, and ...
more infohttp://tbi.cemmlibrary.org/Moderate-to-Severe-TBI/Mechanisms-of-TBI/Blast-Injuries
  • Solid blast is the effect of a pressure wave that strikes the walls of a contained environment like that of a submarine or tank. (britannica.com)
  • Blast Injury Science and Engineering: A Guide for Clinicians and Researchers is a comprehensive interdisciplinary text aimed at clinical personnel needing a deeper understanding of injury mechanisms, those engaged in injury mitigation research, military scientists and engineers, as well as students of engineering, bioengineering and forensic science. (springer.com)
  • Researchers investigate to see if a simple ear drum closure procedure could preserve hearing and reduce infection in victims of blast-induced tympanic membrane perforation. (cdc.gov)
  • Despite previous dogma, multiple studies now show that tympanic membrane perforation is a poor predictor of other blast injury. (urgentiegeneeskunde.com)
  • Literature review now available for the International State-of-the-Science Meeting on the Neurological Effects of Repeated Exposure to Military Occupational Blast. (cdc.gov)
  • A blast injury is a wound caused by direct or indirect exposure to an explosive blast . (wikipedia.org)
  • Mild traumatic brain injury after blast exposure produces inflammation, oxidative stress and gene activation patterns that are similar to disorders of memory processing, a multicenter study led by scientists at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine shows. (medindia.net)
  • Our research reveals that despite the lack of a lot of obvious neuronal death, there is a lot of molecular madness going on in the brain after a blast exposure," Dr. Kochanek said. (medindia.net)
  • The research team developed a rat model to examine whether mild blast exposure in a device called a shock tube caused any changes in the brain even if there was no indication of direct cell death, such as bleeding. (medindia.net)
  • however, animal models show long-term, persistent elevations in oxidative stress and vascular abnormalities after blast exposure ( 3 ), which may contribute to respiratory symptoms. (annals.org)
  • In summary, the ear is very susceptible to bomb blast injury, but there is a high rate of spontaneous closure of perforations and improvement of sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus. (bmj.com)
  • If the abdominal injuries are severe, there may be vomiting and passage of blood in the urine or stools. (britannica.com)
  • Her book, A Change of Mind published by Lash and Associates Publishing/Training, chronicles the changes in her marriage when her husband, Gerry Breese, had a severe brain injury from a motorcycle crash while on duty as a Mounted Policeman in Canada. (lapublishing.com)
  • The group, which Car-aval-ho chaired, includ-ed experts from the Army, Marine Corps and Vet-er-ans Affairs Depart-ment, who exam-ined the caus-es, pre-ven-tion, pro-tec-tion, treat-ment and long-term care options for ser-vice mem-bers suf-fer-ing these severe injuries, he added. (globaldefence.net)
  • Car-aval-ho said while severe injuries near-ly dou-bled from 2009 to 2010, mil-i-tary med-i-cine is sav-ing more lives than ever before. (globaldefence.net)
  • That's why we've seen such suc-cess in sur-vival in this war, with severe injuries. (globaldefence.net)
  • If there is significant crush injury , compartment syndrome , or severe burns, rhabdomyolysis may cause hyperkalaemia and myoglobinuric renal failure . (qqmovies.info)
  • We are pleased to share the activities of Brain Injury Awareness Month 2020. (cdc.gov)
  • This guide helps parents explain the physical, cognitive, behavioral, social and communicative changes that can follow a brain injury, blast injury or PTSD. (lapublishing.com)
  • It discusses the complex and conflicting emotions expressed by many sons and daughters as they recount the impact of a mother or father s brain injury on their lives and their family. (lapublishing.com)
  • Based on extensive interviews with children and teens, this guide tells their story through their personal experiences as they grew up with a parent with a brain injury or PTSD. (lapublishing.com)
  • Author of many publications on the psychosocial impact of brain injury, her writing and training emphasize coping strategies for families and practical interventions by professionals and educators in hospitals, rehabilitation, schools and community programs. (lapublishing.com)
  • Active on many national committees, she formerly co-chaired the National Task Force on Children and Adolescents of the Brain Injury Association of America. (lapublishing.com)
  • She is on various national task forces on brain injury and editorial boards of rehabilitation journals. (lapublishing.com)
  • She is the Past Chair of the Brain Injury Association of North Carolina and current Chair of the North Carolina Statewide Advisory Council on Traumatic Brain Injury. (lapublishing.com)
  • Janelle is an author, international speaker and a long-standing advocate for families and survivors of brain injury. (lapublishing.com)
  • Her next book, Extraordinary Mourning: Understanding Grief after Brain Injury, will be published soon. (lapublishing.com)
  • She is editor of Headline a quarterly publication serving the brain injury community. (lapublishing.com)
  • Their findings were recently reported in the online version of the Journal of Neurotrauma .Blast-induced traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become an important issue in combat casualty care, said senior investigator Patrick Kochanek, M.D., professor and vice chair of critical care medicine and director of the Safar Center for Resuscitation Research at Pitt. (medindia.net)
  • Head injury or traumatic brain injury is a leading cause of disability among children and young adults that leads to varying degrees of physical and mental stability. (medindia.net)
  • Brain tissues of rats exposed to blast and to a sham procedure were tested two and 24 hours after the injury.Gene activity patterns, which shifted over time, resembled patterns seen in neurodegenerative diseases, particularly Alzheimer's, Dr. Kochanek noted. (medindia.net)
  • In human tissues, the transfer of reflected blast injury through the dense substrates such as muscle and liver into the less dense material of the GI tract and lungs may cause spalling. (crashingpatient.com)
  • In the experiments reported here the ultrastructural changes seen in lungs from rats exposed to a blast wave impacting on the right side of the chest are described. (nih.gov)
  • This paper describes several fatal injury case studies, analyzes causative factors, and emphasizes preventive measures. (cdc.gov)
  • High-order explosives (HE) detonation causes the explosive material to change into a highly pressurized gas which travels at supersonic speeds creating a 'blast wave' (over-pressurization shock wave). (wikipedia.org)
  • The blast wave refers to an intense rise in pressure often called over pressure that is created by the detonation of a high explosive This increase in pressure can be so abrupt that it can shatter materials also known as a shock wave. (crashingpatient.com)
  • After a blast injury, a patient typically feels as if the injured ear is clogged. (hear.com)
  • In addition to these symptoms, other a blast injury patient may experience tinnitus (ringing in the ear), hyperacusis (auditory hypersensitivity), vertigo, and/or balance disturbances. (hear.com)
  • No additional injuries were noted at that time and the patient was transferred to the SICU for resuscitation. (sages.org)
  • On post-injury day #78, the patient had his stent removed. (sages.org)
  • Air-filled organs, such as the ears, lungs, stomach, and intestines are particularly at risk for blast injuries. (cemmlibrary.org)
  • This is thought to occur when a blast wave moves from a dense medium such as water to a less dense medium such as air. (crashingpatient.com)
  • For example, the major ingredient in Composition C-4 (Cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine or RDX [Royal Demolition eXplosive]) can generate an initial pressure of more than 4 million pounds per square inch (4x10E6 PSI).13 These high pressure gases rapidly expand from the original volume and generate a marked pressure wave the blast wave that moves outward in all directions. (crashingpatient.com)
  • Serious injuries and fatalities result from improper judgment or practice during rock blasting. (cdc.gov)
  • By ser-vice, 53 Marines, 23 sol-diers and two sailors suf-fered dis-mount-ed com-plex blast injuries result-ing in ampu-ta-tion. (globaldefence.net)
  • Musculoskeletal injuries are particularly common in combat situations where compartment syndromes and traumatic amputations may be a result of improvised explosive devices. (qqmovies.info)
  • The combination of pressure wave and blast wind may weaken structures. (nielsenhayden.com)
  • The structures of the internal ears are most often affected by the blast wave, with perforated ear drums the most common injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • It appears that although the neurons don't die after a mild injury, they do sustain damage," he said. (medindia.net)
  • And that's to say nothing of the gruesome injuries someone can sustain to their genitalia, which many of us who have walked the ground in Afghanistan fear most . (marinecorpstimes.com)
  • Solid blast is the effect of a pressure wave that strikes the walls of a contained environment like that of a submarine or tank. (britannica.com)
  • Typically, a blast injury is more likely if the sound wave lasts for a short amount of time (about 1-2 minutes). (hear.com)
  • During the 21-year period from 1978 to 1998, the mean yearly explosive-related injuries (fatal and nonfatal) for surface coal mines was 8.86 (95% CI: 6.38-11.33), and for surface metal/nonmetal mines 10.76 (95% CI: 8.39-13.14). (cdc.gov)
  • The Imperial researchers, working with their partners, will firstly address the characteristics of blast injuries in the region so that they can identify when amputations can be avoided and limb salvage procedures conducted. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • Our case demonstrates the management of a delayed esophageal blast injury successfully completed with conservative management and stent placement. (sages.org)
  • WASHINGTON , Sept. 21, 2011 - The Army Sur-geon General's Office released its report yes-ter-day on dis-mount-ed com-plex blast injuries, which more than twice as many ser-vice mem-bers have suf-fered annu-al-ly since the 2009 troop surge in Afghanistan. (globaldefence.net)