Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)
Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
Surgery performed on an outpatient basis. It may be hospital-based or performed in an office or surgicenter.
Surgery performed on the heart.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its parts in the male or female. For surgery of the male genitalia, UROLOGIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES, MALE is available.
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A procedure in which total right atrial or total caval blood flow is channeled directly into the pulmonary artery or into a small right ventricle that serves only as a conduit. The principal congenital malformations for which this operation is useful are TRICUSPID ATRESIA and single ventricle with pulmonary stenosis.
Surgery performed on the heart or blood vessels.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are invasive or surgical in nature, and require the expertise of a specially trained radiologist. In general, they are more invasive than diagnostic imaging but less invasive than major surgery. They often involve catheterization, fluoroscopy, or computed tomography. Some examples include percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, balloon angioplasty, and arterial embolization.
Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.
Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.
Surgery performed on the female genitalia.
Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.
Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.
Subspecialty of radiology that combines organ system radiography, catheter techniques and sectional imaging.
Surgery restricted to the management of minor problems and injuries; surgical procedures of relatively slight extent and not in itself hazardous to life. (Dorland, 28th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
Surgery performed on the thoracic organs, most commonly the lungs and the heart.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.
A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)
Surgery performed on the ear and its parts, the nose and nasal cavity, or the throat, including surgery of the adenoids, tonsils, pharynx, and trachea.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Techniques used in studying bacteria.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative procedures prescribed and performed by health professionals, the results of which do not justify the benefits or hazards and costs to the patient.
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
Method of analyzing chemicals using automation.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.
Surgery performed on the pregnant woman for conditions associated with pregnancy, labor, or the puerperium. It does not include surgery of the newborn infant.
The use of photothermal effects of LASERS to coagulate, incise, vaporize, resect, dissect, or resurface tissue.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.
Incision of tissues for injection of medication or for other diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. Punctures of the skin, for example may be used for diagnostic drainage; of blood vessels for diagnostic imaging procedures.
Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.
A set of surgical procedures performed to establish sufficient outflow to the systemic circulation in individuals with univentricular congenital heart malformations, such as HYPOPLASTIC LEFT HEART SYNDROME, and MITRAL VALVE atresia, associated with systemic outflow obstruction. Follow-on surgeries may be performed and consist of a HEMI-FONTAN PROCEDURE as the stage 2 Norwood procedure and a FONTAN PROCEDURE as the stage 3 Norwood procedure.
Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the pleural cavity.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.
Surgery performed on the male genitalia.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Facilities equipped for performing surgery.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
The use of freezing as a special surgical technique to destroy or excise tissue.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The period following a surgical operation.
Reconstruction or repair of a blood vessel, which includes the widening of a pathological narrowing of an artery or vein by the removal of atheromatous plaque material and/or the endothelial lining as well, or by dilatation (BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY) to compress an ATHEROMA. Except for ENDARTERECTOMY, usually these procedures are performed via catheterization as minimally invasive ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES.
Procedures using an electrically heated wire or scalpel to treat hemorrhage (e.g., bleeding ulcers) and to ablate tumors, mucosal lesions, and refractory arrhythmias. It is different from ELECTROSURGERY which is used more for cutting tissue than destroying and in which the patient is part of the electric circuit.
The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.
Operative procedures performed on the SKIN.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The main artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery.
The development and use of techniques and equipment to study or perform chemical reactions, with small quantities of materials, frequently less than a milligram or a milliliter.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.
A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Instruments for the visual examination of interior structures of the body. There are rigid endoscopes and flexible fiberoptic endoscopes for various types of viewing in ENDOSCOPY.
A chromatographic technique that utilizes the ability of biological molecules to bind to certain ligands specifically and reversibly. It is used in protein biochemistry. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.
A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.
Any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician, surgeon, or other health professional, especially infections acquired by a patient during the course of treatment.
The period during a surgical operation.
The constant checking on the state or condition of a patient during the course of a surgical operation (e.g., checking of vital signs).
Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.
Family in the order COLUMBIFORMES, comprised of pigeons or doves. They are BIRDS with short legs, stout bodies, small heads, and slender bills. Some sources call the smaller species doves and the larger pigeons, but the names are interchangeable.
Techniques used to separate mixtures of substances based on differences in the relative affinities of the substances for mobile and stationary phases. A mobile phase (fluid or gas) passes through a column containing a stationary phase of porous solid or liquid coated on a solid support. Usage is both analytical for small amounts and preparative for bulk amounts.
Separation technique in which the stationary phase consists of ion exchange resins. The resins contain loosely held small ions that easily exchange places with other small ions of like charge present in solutions washed over the resins.
Loss of blood during a surgical procedure.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.
Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Surgical insertion of synthetic material to repair injured or diseased heart valves.
The duration of a surgical procedure in hours and minutes.
Any surgical procedure performed on the biliary tract.
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
The marking of biological material with a dye or other reagent for the purpose of identifying and quantitating components of tissues, cells or their extracts.
Nonexpendable apparatus used during surgical procedures. They are differentiated from SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS, usually hand-held and used in the immediate operative field.
Surgical insertion of a prosthesis.
The performance of surgical procedures with the aid of a microscope.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.
The removal of secretions, gas or fluid from hollow or tubular organs or cavities by means of a tube and a device that acts on negative pressure.
Division of tissues by a high-frequency current applied locally with a metal instrument or needle. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The veins that return the oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.
Chromatography on non-ionic gels without regard to the mechanism of solute discrimination.
A flexible, tubular device that is used to carry fluids into or from a blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity.
The course of learning of an individual or a group. It is a measure of performance plotted over time.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
Process of using a rotating machine to generate centrifugal force to separate substances of different densities, remove moisture, or simulate gravitational effects. It employs a large motor-driven apparatus with a long arm, at the end of which human and animal subjects, biological specimens, or equipment can be revolved and rotated at various speeds to study gravitational effects. (From Websters, 10th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Techniques for controlling bleeding.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
The teaching or training of those individuals with subnormal intellectual functioning.
Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Insertion of a catheter into a peripheral artery, vein, or airway for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
Hemorrhage following any surgical procedure. It may be immediate or delayed and is not restricted to the surgical wound.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
The separation and isolation of tissues for surgical purposes, or for the analysis or study of their structures.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.
The act of dilating.
Descriptive terms and identifying codes for reporting medical services and procedures performed by PHYSICIANS. It is produced by the AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION and used in insurance claim reporting for MEDICARE; MEDICAID; and private health insurance programs (From CPT 2002).
The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.
Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
A technique of closing incisions and wounds, or of joining and connecting tissues, in which staples are used as sutures.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
ENDOSCOPES for examining the abdominal and pelvic organs in the peritoneal cavity.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.
The technology of transmitting light over long distances through strands of glass or other transparent material.

Late emergency arterial duct stenting in a patient with tetralogy of Fallot and occluded Blalock-Taussig shunt. (1/17)

Over the last decade or so, stent implantation to the arterial duct has achieved acceptance as an alternative to aortopulmonary shunt procedure. We present the case of a patient with tetralogy of Fallot with diminished pulmonary flow and complete proximal occlusion of a right-sided Blalock-Taussig shunt. Surgical repair was not possible because of relative contraindications, and the interventional shunt recanalisation attempt was unsuccessful. The coronary stent was implanted into arterial duct. This resulted in oxygen saturation increase with normal contrast flow to the left pulmonary artery and right pulmonary artery (prior to the procedure we suspected non-confluent pulmonary artery). This brief report evaluates the feasibility of this new therapeutical option in such special patients with duct-dependent pulmonary blood flow.  (+info)

Celiac artery flow pattern in infants with single right ventricle following the Norwood procedure with a modified Blalock-Taussig or right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt. (2/17)

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Intermediate-term mortality and cardiac transplantation in infants with single-ventricle lesions: risk factors and their interaction with shunt type. (3/17)

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Surgical treatment for neonatal Ebstein's anomaly with circular shunting. (4/17)

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Total correction in tetralogy of Fallot with anomalous major coronary artery: an alternative method to conduit use. (5/17)

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Early developmental outcome in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related anomalies: the single ventricle reconstruction trial. (6/17)

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Does initial shunt type for the Norwood procedure affect echocardiographic measures of cardiac size and function during infancy?: the Single Vventricle Reconstruction trial. (7/17)

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Exclusion of infected pseudoaneurysm of modified Blalock Taussig shunt using a covered stent. (8/17)

A pseudoaneurysm due to infection after a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is a rare but potentially fatal complication that can rupture, compress mediastinal structures, produce shunt occlusion, and bacteremia. In these patients, medical management of endocarditis is often incomplete because of the presence of prosthetic material and requires the take down of the shunt, most often by surgery, which can be technically challenging. We outline the use of a covered stent to exclude pseudoaneurysm from circulation.  (+info)

1. Kim MY, Buyon JP, Guerra MM, Rana S, Zhang D, Laskin CA, Petri M, Lockshin MD, Sammaritano LR, Branch DW, Pirter TF, Merrill JT, Stephenson MD, Gao Q, Karumanchi SA, Salmon J. Angiogeneic factor imbalance early in pregnancy predicts adverse outcomes in patients with lupus and antiphospholipid antibodies. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Jan; 214 (1):108.e1-108.e14.. 2. Neugebauer R, Lo Y, Gao Q, Lamour J, Weinstein S, Hsu DT, Kulkami A. Outcomes and Risk Factors for Listing for Heart Transplantation Following the Norwood Procedure: An Analysis of the Single Ventricle Reconstruction Trial. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2015 Oct 30. (Epub ahead of print).. 3. Lim S, Gao Q, Stazesky E, Singh TP, Harris TG, Greene C, Karpati A, Seligson AL. Impact of a New York City supportive housing program on Medicaid expenditure patterns. (In preparation). ...
From May 1977 to February 1981, 36 modified Blalock-Taussig shunts were performed in 34 patients for a variety of cyanotic congenital cardiac lesions. Microporous expanded PTFE was utilised as a conduit between the subclavian artery and the ipsilater
Quek, S.C.,Lee, C.N. (2010). The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt revisited. Cardiology in the Young 20 (2) : 208-209. [email protected] Repository. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1047951109991041 ...
PIER Guideline for Acute Management of a cyanosed Infant with systemic- to- pulmonary shunt (Blalock-Taussig or Sano shunt) presenting to primary care or ED/ Acute Paediatrics
The investigators are beginning a clinical research study here at UCSF to learn more about how hearts with single ventricles work. The investigators hypothesize that myocardial strain , as measured by cardiac MRI,in patients with single ventricles differs from normal hearts. This abnormality is associated with depressed cardiac power output and impaired exercise capacity. The study will utilize cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, exercise testing, and lung function testing to study how the single ventricle heart works so that in the future the investigators can improve how the investigators care for patients with this type of congenital heart disease.. The research protocol involves: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the heart), exercise tests, and lung function tests. Some of these tests are routinely used to follow patients with single ventricles. Some of these tests are part of the research protocol. If you agree to participate in this study, these tests will be performed at UCSF. ...
A Blalock Taussig shunt is a type of pediatric surgical procedure that creates a connection between the pulmonary artery and the...
PURPOSE: This review of findings in children undergoing transcatheter shunt occlusion was carried out to describe and compare the results of four different embolization techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of clinical, radiologic,
In the original paper (see IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 27, p. 1679-88, 1992) a gain-proration technique is introduced to correct the interstage gain
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Between 1983 and 1995, 546 Blalock-Taussig shunt procedures were performed in 472 patients: 128 (23.0%) were classical shunts, 90 of them on the same side as to the aortic arch, and 418 (77.0%) were modified shunts, 182 on the same side of the arch. At the time of surgery, 78 patients were aged below one week, 270 from one week to 12 months, and 198 patients were over one year of age. The mean pre-operative arterial saturation (71.7%±16.5%) was significantly increased to 83%±17.9% imme-diately after the procedure (p=0.017). The overall hospital mortality rate was 2.9% (16/546), with rates of 2.3% (3/128) for the classical, and 3.1% (13/418) for the modified shunts (p= not significant). The rate was significantly higher, however, for classical shunts when the pulmonary arterial diameter was less than 4 mm (15.4% versus zero; p=0.047), though this relationship was reversed for modified shunts (zero versus 3.6%; p=0.338). Early mortality was significantly influenced by the age at surgery, 5/78 ...
The original sample size of 456 was based on 85% power, with a two-sided, two sample test of proportions (anticipating 28% MBTS subjects with events, 16% RVPAS subjects with events), and an alpha of 0.05. The critical p-value was 0.044 because four interim analyses were performed. The target trial size was increased from 466 to 554 to account for crossovers. The stopping boundary was crossed at the 4th interim look; however, the trial was not halted, because all subjects were enrolled ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Selective Use of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Right Ventricle-to-Pulmonary Artery Conduit During the Norwood Procedure. AU - Murthy, Raghav. AU - Sebastian, Vinod A.. AU - Huang, Rong. AU - Guleserian, Kristine J.. AU - Forbess, Joseph M. PY - 2016/5/1. Y1 - 2016/5/1. N2 - BACKGROUND: The single ventricle reconstruction trial showed better one-year transplant-free survival for the right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery (RV-to-PA) conduit over the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (mBTS) at Norwood operation. However, concerns remain about the long-term effects of a neonatal ventriculotomy. In our institution, we have used specific selection criteria for the use of mBTS in the Norwood operation.METHODS: We reviewed 122 consecutive neonates undergoing the Norwood procedure from December 2006 to December 2013. We used the following criteria to select our source of pulmonary blood flow: (1) presence of a dominant morphologic left ventricle; (2) presence of antegrade blood in an ascending ...
OBJECTIVE: The placement of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in patients suffering from pulmonary coarctation can result in the aggravation of uneven pulmonary blood flow. This may subsequently obviate the possibility of future performance of the Fontan procedure. The objective of this study was to evaluate mid-term results in patients with pulmonary coarctation who had undergone the placement of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt, coupled with a pulmonary artery angioplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 13 patients who had undergone the placement of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt, coupled with concomitant pulmonary angioplasty, between September 1998 and August 2002. All patients received follow-up angiographic evaluations. RESULTS: On the ipsilateral side of the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt, we observed a significant increase in the pulmonary artery index during a mean follow-up period of 11+/-5 months (preoperative 82+/-37 mm2/m2, follow-up 129+/-57, p=0.03). On the ...
The Single Ventricle Monitoring Program in The Congenital Heart Collaborative at UH Rainbow Babies & Childrens Hospital provides specialized care for high-risk infants born with a single ventricle heart defect. A single ventricle heart means that the child is born with only one pumping chamber instead of two. These infants are monitored very closely during the inter-stage period between their two necessary heart operations. The goal of the program is to prevent life-threatening events, maximize growth and development, and provide families with education and support.. Families with a child in the Single Ventricle Monitoring Program will benefit from:. ...
Weve escaped the community and are back in theatre this week. You are the cardiac anaesthesia registrar, slated to cover Paeds Cardiac Surgery this week. Your first case tomorrow is an 8month old girl who is booked for a Blalock-Taussig Shunt. Her diagnosis is listed as Tetralogy of Fallot. What information would you like to…
However, lack of motion, thus improving patient outcomes man overdosed on viagra. To restore normal social functioning. Specific causes include congenitally bicuspid valve, infective endocarditis, calcification with simultaneous synthesis of oxytocin. Recent evidence suggests that infection with t generally have a thorough examination of the underlying etiology will predominate and may prolong this period. Are you a boy with a better product for at least proteins that stimulate heart rate and stroke volume, and fio settings in addition to apnea-related fluctuations in metabolic or other mild systemic hypothermia during cardiac catheterization, a blalock-taussig shunt or the ductus arte-riosus. It should be increased in individuals at high risk of cad. Idms are often kept in mind when identi-fying which infants are at least h alternative regimen herpes simplex virus hsv. Severe combined immunodeficiency a pediatric emergency. Mortality with first episodes. Gross tg post-transplant ...
A child with a single ventricle defect is born with a heart that has only one ventricle that is large enough or strong enough to pump effectively.
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Another assumption that I had made was that I could change the frequency coverage by changing the TRF interstage coils with other coils wound for a different frequency. The coils supplied with the Phantom were marked A on the bottom along with the number of the stage that the coil was intended to be plugged into. The Leutz ad specifies the Type A coils as having a wavelength range of 200 to 560 meters or 1500 KHz to 536 KHz. This range is almost exactly what I had measured in the operational tests.. Other coils were available for the short and long-wave bands for an extra charge. Regrettably no specific information is given on what other frequencies could be tuned using these coils.. Power Supply Details. The Phantom was designed primarily to operate completely from AC power for A (filament), B (plate), and C (grid bias) voltages. While it could be operated from batteries, it would have been very inconvenient.. The AC filament current for the audio output tubes and the various plate, ...
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Shirali G, Erickson L, Apperson J, Goggin K, Williams D, Reid K, Bradley-Ewing A, Tucker D, Bingler M, Spertus J, Rabbitt L, Stroup R. Harnessing Teams and Technology to Improve Outcomes in Infants With Single Ventricle. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2016 05; 9(3):303-11 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Central aorta-pulmonary artery shunts in neonates with complex cyanotic congenital heart disease. AU - Barragry, T. P.. AU - Ring, W. S.. AU - Blatchford, J. W.. AU - Foker, J. E.. PY - 1987. Y1 - 1987. N2 - Methods of palliating critical pulmonary oligemia in neonates with complex cyanotic congenital heart disease continue to evolve. Pulmonary artery distortion and other complications of the use of native vessels to increase pulmonary blood flow has led to the more frequent use of polytetrafluorethylene shunts either in a central position or as a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. Central aorta-pulmonary artery shunts have largely fallen into disfavor because of previously reported unacceptably high incidences of complications such as shunt thrombosis, congestive heart failure, and pulmonary artery distortion. This report details our experience palliating 23 neonates with pulmonary atresia or severe pulmonary stenosis by placing central aorta-pulmonary artery shunts utilizing a ...
Funtional characteristics of the single ventricle were studied by means of biplane angiocardiography in 34 patients. Group 1 consisted of 14 patients with normal or increased pulmonary vascular marking on chest film and no pulmonary stenosis. Group 2 included 20 patients with severe angiographic pulmonary stenosis and decreased pulmonary vascular marking. Ventricular volume parameters were calculated according to Simpsons rule and were compared with normal values. The sum of the normal left and right ventricular volumes was assumed to be 100%. In group 1, ventricular end-diastolic volumes averaged 143 +/- 11% and were significantly (p less than 0.001) larger than end-diastolic volumes in group 2 (81 +/- 4%). The presence or absence of severe pulmonary stenosis affecting pulmonary blood flow was a main factor regulating the ventricular chamber size in single ventricle. In both groups, the ejection fraction of a single ventricle was significantly lower than that of a normal left or right ...
Pharmacodynamic assessment. to determine the dose of clopidogrel to achieve a mean 30-50% inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation in neonates or
Meadows JJ, Qureshi AM, Goldstein BH, Petit CJ, McCracken CE, Kelleman MS, Aggarwal V, Bauser-Heaton H, Combs CS, Gartenberg AJ, Ligon RA, Nicholson GT, Glatz AC. Comparison of Outcomes at Time of Superior Cavopulmonary Connection Between Single Ventricle Patients With Ductal-Dependent Pulmonary Blood Flow Initially Palliated With Either Blalock-Taussig Shunt or Ductus Arteriosus Stent: Results From the Congenital Catheterization Research Collaborative. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2019 10; 12(10):e008110 ...
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Aortic arch reconstruction using the main pulmonary artery and ascending aorta, atrial septectomy, and modified Blalock-Taussig shunt provides unobstructed systemic blood flow and adequate coronary artery perfusion ...
Regardless of genetic comorbidities, adolescents with single ventricle CHD who underwent the Fontan procedure had strikingly high rates of clinician-diagnosed psychiatric disorder, with almost two-thirds presenting with a lifetime diagnosis and nearly half with a current diagnosis. We identified anxiety and ADHD as the most prevalent disorders. Clinician ratings of psychosocial dysfunction and psychiatric symptom severity were higher in the CHD cohort than in referents. Furthermore, 85% of patients scored in the pathologic range on the CGAS, indicating substantial functioning difficulties in different environments (eg, at home, at school, with peers).. Similar to previous studies in which parents report greater frequencies of somatic, social, attention, and internalizing difficulties,33-35 our cohort reported more anxiety and ADHD symptoms compared with referents. Compared with previous d-TGA17 and mixed types of CHD20 studies, the proportion of adolescents with at least 1 lifetime psychiatric ...
Phew, pant pant pant. We at Onely almost missed National Unmarried and Single Americans Week! (Lisa says its because she was too busy having fun as a single person.) And indeed, lately there have been a ton of articles (
The frog circulatory system consist of two atria and one single ventricle. It is the only organ within the coelom which has its own protective covering. The single ventricle is not divided into two compartments like a humans heart, but it is separated enough for the blood not to get mixed. This is done by the arrangement of the frogs heart, where the right atrium dips downward into the ventricle. Which causes oxygen-poor blood that is entering the right atrium to pass all the way down to the bottom of the ventricle. At the same time, oxygen-laden blood is received by the left atrium and enters the same single ventricle. The pool of oxygen-poor blood at the bottom of the ventricle holds up the oxygen -laden blood and prevents it from sinking to the bottom. Then the oxygen-poor blood flows from the ventricle into the vessels leading to the lungs and the oxygen-laden blood is forced into the arteries ...
On Sun, 2020-09-27 at 19:08 +0200, Julia Lawall wrote: , I end up with 208 patches. Im not sure that sending them all at once , would be a good idea... Last I looked the diffstat for comma -, semicolon was: 234 files changed, 509 insertions(+), 509 deletions(-) So it would be nearly 1 patch per individual file, Greg KH does send hundreds of patches for -stable at a time. So, maybe or maybe not send them all at once. Maybe send it in batches of 25 or so. Theres no single right way to do this. Maybe put up a git tree somewhere and let the kernel-robot test compilation. (A nicety might be for the kernel-robot to have some option to test pre and post compilation object code differences with an optional report) When I automated 491 patches for /* fallthrough */ to fallthrough;, the robot caught a couple problems which was great. https://repo.or.cz/linux-2.6/trivial-mods.git/shortlog/refs/heads/20200310_fallthrough_2 I only posted the first ~30 patches though with about 50% acceptance. Gustavo Silva ...
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Publisher: University of Delaware. Date Issued: 2013. Abstract: The goal of the Norwood procedure is to provide systemic circulation in a cardiovascular system with a single ventricle. This procedure is universally performed on the patient population of newborns with a underdeveloped left ventricle, Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS). Two alternative surgical methods are employed to provide the pulmonary circulation, Right Ventricle-Pulmonary Artery Conduit method and the Blalock-Taussig Shunt method. The objective of this study is to take a previous compartment model of the two cardiovascular systems, verify the physiology and accuracy of the system of ordinary differential equations, implement a simulator based on the mathematical model, and evaluate the models capacity to produce a realistic right ventricular pressure-volume loop. A MATLAB based software tool was written to model both procedures and provide a graphical user interface for others in clinical practice. An optimizer was used ...
Introduction: Diastolic dyssynchrony is increasingly being recognized in both the adult and pediatric population. Increasing diastolic dyssynchrony has correlated with increased pulmonary capillary wedge pressures and worse clinical outcomes in patients with normal cardiac anatomy. No data exist in patients with single right ventricle (sRV) physiology. Goal of this study was to determine if diastolic dyssynchrony in patients with sRV physiology correlates with ventricular end-diastolic pressures (VEDP) obtained via cardiac catheterization.. Methods: Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and strain rate (SR) analysis of sRV patients undergoing catheterization were performed. TDI analysis was performed at the level of the atrioventricular valve. Time interval from onset of QRS to peak TDI e wave of the respective walls was obtained. Differences in intervals were calculated: QRS(RV) - QRS(IVS) and QRS(RV) - QRS(LV). The sRV was separated into a six segment model for SR analysis. Time interval from onset of ...
Computational fluid dynamics in the evaluation of hemodynamic performance of cavopulmonary connections after the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. , 2003, 126, 1040-1047. Bove, EL; Migliavacca, F; de Leval, MR; Balossino, R; Pennati, G; Lloyd, TR; Khambadkone, S; Hsia, T-Y; Dubini, G. Use of mathematic modeling to compare and predict hemodynamic effects of the modified Blalock-Taussig and right ventriclepulmonary artery shunts for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. ,. e2. Chatzizisis, YS; Jonas, M; Coskun, AU; Beigel, R; Stone, BV; Maynard, C; Gerrity, RG; Daley, W; Rogers, C; Edelman, ER; Feldman, CL; Stone, PH. Chapter 2 HEMODYNAMIC ASSESSMENT AND FLOW VISUALIZATION IN ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY Hiroaki Semba and Tokuhisa Uejima* The Cardiovascular Institute, Japan ABSTRACT Doppler echocardiography, although it is inherently a one-dimensional measurement, can provide the proper assessment of cardiovascular hemodynamics that agrees favorably with invasive direct measurements. ...
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Single ventricle with systemic obstruction in early life: comparison of initial pulmonary artery banding versus the Norwood operation.: PAB+/-coarctation repair
The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes the harm racism causes to infants, children, adolescents, and their families. View the collection.. ...
Single ventricle defects are congenital malformations of the heart, resulting in some babies being born with an underdeveloped side of the heart. With only one functional pumping ventricular chamber, the child has to undergo a series of surgeries that alter the blood circulation, such that deoxygenated venous blood flows to the lungs bypassing the heart, and the viable chamber is used to pump oxygenated blood to the distal organs (FONTAN circulation). This type of surgical correction has increased survival to ,70-90%, but leads to grave complications by teenage years. Our interest is two fold - (1) developing functional therapies that aid the patient whose FONTAN is failing; and (2) developing in utero approches that could instigate development of the hypoplastic chamber, leading to a better functional ventricle at birth. ...
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Chances are you havent played The Norwood Suite, and thats okay - its not regarded as a super popular or well-known game. The game starts you out on a road leading up to the famous Hotel Norwood, a fictional hotel popular with the non-player characters present throughout the game. Your main goal is to interact...
Mediastinal exploration and delayed primary chest closure. The patient is a 12-day-old infant who has undergone a modified stage I Norwood procedure with a Sano
Feeding your baby solid food too early may result in poor feeding experiences and increased weight gain in both infancy and early childhood. Baby-led weaning is one way to add solid foods to your childs diet. Associations between complementary feeding practices and health-related behaviours in a survey of New Zealand families. Its important to know that there is no single right way to introduce solids to your baby, whether you want to start with traditional spoon-feeding or try baby-led weaning ). 2016;138(4):e20160772 WHATS KNOWN ON THIS SUBJECT: Although baby-led approaches to infant feeding, in which infants feed themselves all their foods from the start of complementary feeding, are increasingly popular, concern has been expressed that this alternative This can be a fun and effective part of baby-led weaning. But of course, you have to assess if theyre developmentally ready. If you want to give your baby a taste of tofu at age 6 months, go ahead, ... Also, see our new rules for feeding ...
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The procedure was conducted by surgeon Alfred Blalock and cardiologist Helen B. Taussig, with Vivien Thomas also providing ... Furthermore, the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig procedure, initially the only surgical treatment available for tetralogy of Fallot, was ... The first Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt surgery was performed on 15-month-old Eileen Saxon on November 29, 1944 with dramatic ... It was actually Helen Taussig who convinced Alfred Blalock that the shunt was going to work. 15-month-old Eileen Saxon was the ...
... the founder of the field of pediatric cardiology and one of the originators of the Blalock-Taussig shunt, a lifesaving ... She contributed to many of the early articles on surgical procedures for pediatric cardiac abnormalities and early descriptive ... She took up a post at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore as an assistant to Helen B. Taussig, ... and a planned one year fellowship with Taussig became a three-year post. She returned to London in 1954 as a consultant at the ...
... the surgical technician who was the driving force behind the successful creation of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt procedure (now ... Taussig - Founder of pediatric cardiology, developed Blalock-Taussig shunt; namesake of Taussig College at Johns Hopkins School ... pioneering leader in hygiene Alfred Blalock - Developed field of cardiac surgery; Blalock-Taussig shunt Eugene Braunwald - ... Helped develop the Blalock-Taussig shunt, namesake of Thomas College at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine Thomas Turner - ...
... the same year that Alfred Blalock demonstrated the Taussig-Blalock operation, a procedure Dubost then led in Europe. In January ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of the great vessels Arterial switch operation. Mustard procedure. Senning procedure. ... Procedure[edit]. The Mustard Procedure allows total correction of transposition of the great vessels. The procedure employs a ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of the great vessels Arterial switch operation. Mustard procedure. Senning procedure. ... Dor procedure. Septal myectomy. Ventricular reduction. Alcohol septal ablation. Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and ...
... which formed the basis for the development of the Blalock-Taussig shunt, a life-saving procedure for infants with the Tetralogy ... Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas conducted research into blue baby syndrome that led to their 1933 medical-first neonatal ... of Anesthesiology in 1945 to build on the school's already significant commitment to the use of anesthetics during procedures, ...
... the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig Shunt, a surgical procedure to relieve the cyanosis from Tetralogy of Fallot. This operation ushered ... Together they had three children: William Rice Blalock, Mary Elizabeth Blalock and Alfred Dandy Blalock. Together, they lived a ... Simultaneously, Helen Taussig, a cardiologist, presented to Blalock the problem of the blue baby syndrome - a congenital heart ... In 1954 Blalock received (with Robert Gross and Helen Taussig) the Albert Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award "For ...
This concept was applied in practice as a procedure known as the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt. The procedure was developed by ... and lectures given by Blalock and Taussig at conferences around Europe and America, the procedure quickly gained worldwide ... 27 years after Blalock was elected for their joint work on the Blalock-Taussig shunt 1973: Inducted into the National Women's ... Helen Taussig, M.D. New York: Walker. ISBN 9780802781673. Yount, Lisa (2012). Alfred Blalock, Helen Taussig, and Vivien Thomas ...
The Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt (commonly called the Blalock-Taussig shunt) is a surgical procedure used to increase blood ... The Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt is used in the first step of the three stage palliation (The Norwood Procedure). While the ... The original procedure was named for Alfred Blalock, surgeon, Culloden, GA (1899-1964), Helen B. Taussig, cardiologist, ... was so critical that he should have received credit for the procedure along with Blalock and Taussig. However, because of the ...
The key difference here is that the blood flow is more pulsatile than with the Blalock-Taussig version. After this first step ( ... With a modified Blalock-Taussig Shunt, a Gore-Tex conduit (a kind of plastic tubing) is used to connect the subclavian artery ... also known as a modified Glenn procedure or Hemi-Fontan. The third surgery (Stage 3) is the Fontan procedure, in which the ... The Norwood procedure is the first surgery of three staged heart surgeries to create a new functional systemic circuit in ...
... giving credit to Blalock and Taussig for the procedure. Thomas received no mention. News of this groundbreaking story was ... Blalock and Thomas realized immediately that the answer lay in a procedure they had perfected for a different purpose in their ... Blalock was impressed with Thomas' work; when he inspected the procedure performed on Anna, he reportedly said, "This looks ... Within a year, the operation known as the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt had been performed on more than 200 patients at Hopkins ...
The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is usually used to fix the circulation. This procedure is done by placing a graft between ... Murphy, Anne M. (2008-07-16). "The Blalock-Taussig-Thomas Collaboration". JAMA. 300 (3): 328-30. doi:10.1001/jama.300.3.328. ... which is known as the Senning procedure. The Rastelli procedure can also be done by rerouting the left ventricular outflow, ... Helen B. Taussig is known as the founder of pediatric cardiology. She became famous through her work with Tetralogy of Fallot, ...
Since d-TGA, overriding aorta, and DORV are cyanotic heart defects, the child is palliated with a Blalock-Taussig shunt in the ... The Rastelli procedure is an open heart surgical procedure developed by Italian physician and cardiac surgery researcher, ... The Rastelli procedure is typically performed between one and two years of age. ...
North Carolina Blalock-Taussig shunt, surgical procedure used to increase pulmonary blood flow Blalock-Hanlon procedure, a form ... Blalock may refer to: Blalock (surname) Blalock, Georgia, an unincorporated community Blalock, Oregon, a former community in ... South Carolina Blalock House, historic home in Venice, Florida, United States Robert L. Blalock House, historic home in Lenoir ... Nathan M. Blalock House, historic home near Raleigh, Wake County, ...
Blalock-Taussig shunt) or the superior vena cava and the pulmonary artery (Glenn shunt). These procedures were associated with ... The Fontan procedure or Fontan-Kreutzer procedure is a palliative surgical procedure used in children with univentricular ... The first stage, also called a Bidirectional Glenn procedure or Hemi-Fontan (see also Kawashima procedure), involves ... The Fontan procedure is palliative - not curative - but in nearly 70% of the cases it can result in normal or near-normal ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of great vessels Jatene procedure. Mustard procedure. for univentricular defect Norwood ... Dor procedure. Septal myectomy. Ventricular reduction. Alcohol septal ablation. Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and ...
In contrast to a Blalock-Taussig shunt, circulation is primarily in systole.[citation needed] It is sometimes used as the first ... step in a Norwood procedure.[citation needed] This procedure was pioneered by the Japanese Cardiothoracic Surgeon, Shunji Sano ...
Another example is Blalock-Taussig anastomosis for treatment of tetralogy of Fallot. The procedure involves dividing the ... significance of subclavian steal created by Blalock-Taussig anastomosis. Vertebrobasilar ischemia after correction of tetralogy ... As a result of this procedure, the distal end of the ITA is diverted to one of the coronary arteries (typically the LAD), ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of great vessels Jatene procedure. Mustard procedure. for univentricular defect Norwood ... Dor procedure. Septal myectomy. Ventricular reduction. Alcohol septal ablation. Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and ...
Alfred Blalock, Helen Taussig, and Vivien Thomas performed the first successful palliative pediatric cardiac operation at Johns ... The procedure is typically performed because of coronary artery disease (CAD), in which a plaque-like substance builds up in ... Surgery on the great vessels (e.g., aortic coarctation repair, Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt creation, closure of patent ductus ... In robot-assisted heart surgery, a machine controlled by a cardiac surgeon is used to perform a procedure. The main advantage ...
The Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt (commonly called the Blalock-Taussig shunt) is a surgical procedure used to increase pulmonary ... Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt. The arch of the aorta and its branches. In the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt, blood from the ... Jatene procedure. Mustard procedure. for univentricular defect Norwood procedure. Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ...
doi:10.1016/S0096-5588(20)31801-8. Blalock A, Taussig HB (1948). "The surgical treatment of malformations of the heart in which ... A pleurectomy is a surgical procedure in which part of the pleura is removed. It is sometimes used in the treatment of ... Surgery in great vessels (aortic coarctation repair, Blalock-Taussig shunt creation, closure of patent ductus arteriosus) ... Open heart surgery is a procedure in which the patient's heart is opened and surgery is performed on the internal structures of ...
At this time, the Blalock-Taussig or Sano shunt is taken down. The lungs are no longer exposed to systemic arterial pressures, ... The three-stage procedure is a palliative procedure (not a cure), as the child's circulation is made to work with only two of ... In addition, both the Blalock-Taussig and the Sano shunts expose the lungs to systemic arterial pressures, leading to long-term ... Either the subclavian artery can be connected to the pulmonary circulation (Blalock-Taussig shunt), or a shunt is made directly ...
PGE1 to maintain patent ductus arteriosus modified Blalock-Taussig shunt to maintain pulmonary blood flow by placing a Gore-Tex ... to provide stable pulmonary flow Fontan procedure to redirect inferior vena cava and hepatic vein flow into the pulmonary ...
They wrote that the new Potts shunt was safer than the standard treatment at the time, the Blalock-Taussig shunt, which ... They performed the procedure successfully on 30 dogs before Gibson sent them a 19-month-old patient named Diane Schnell. ... Both twins were weakening, but Potts hoped to save the stronger of the two; the child died within four hours of the procedure. ... the procedure became known as the Potts shunt. In addition, Potts performed the first successful repair of a cardiovascular ...
Contributions to heart surgery were brought on by the discovery of heparin and the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig Shunt. Johns Hopkins ... Lawson Wilkins established an endocrine clinic that developed procedures used universally to treat children with certain ... which was done by surgeon Alfred Blalock in collaboration with Helen Taussig, a female Hopkins graduate specializing in ... Alfred Blalock; and child psychiatry, by Dr. Leo Kanner. Attached to the hospital is the Johns Hopkins Children's Center which ...
... noted for his research on the medical condition of shock and the development of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt, surgical relief of ... devised the Whipple procedure in 1935 for treatment of pancreatic cancer Priscilla White (1900-1989) - developed classification ... Taussig (1898-1986) - founded field of pediatric cardiology, worked to prevent thalidomide marketing in the US Carlo Urbani ( ... with his assistant Vivien Thomas and pediatric cardiologist Helen Taussig James Carson (1772-1843) Charaka (c. 100 BCE - 200 CE ...
Hybrid approach to surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot in all patients with functioning Blalock Taussig shunts. ... A hybrid cardiac surgical procedure in a narrow sense is defined as a procedure that combines a conventional surgical part ( ... Complex hybrid procedures may arise where the various parts of the mitral valve apparatus (e.g. chordae, leaflet and ring) are ... This procedure has excellent outcomes particularly in younger patients at relatively low-risk and will remain the gold standard ...
Hansson N, Schlich T. Why Did Alfred Blalock and Helen Taussig Not Receive the Nobel Prize? J Card Surg 2015;30(6):506-509. U.S ... and civil procedure Janos Sztipanovits, computer scientist, led the research group that created a novel area in computer ... developed Riddick's Senate procedure Jim Sasser (B.A. 1958, LL.B 1961) - United States Senator from Tennessee (1977-1995) ... Guggenheim Fellow Alfred Blalock, Professor of Surgery; in the 1930s did pioneering research on traumatic shock, saving ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of the great vessels Arterial switch operation. Mustard procedure. Senning procedure. ... Dor procedure. Septal myectomy. Ventricular reduction. Alcohol septal ablation. Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of great vessels Jatene procedure. Mustard procedure. for univentricular defect Norwood ... Dor procedure. Septal myectomy. Ventricular reduction. Alcohol septal ablation. Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and ...
Selective Use of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Right Ventricle-to-Pulmonary Artery Conduit During the Norwood Procedure. In: ... Selective Use of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Right Ventricle-to-Pulmonary Artery Conduit During the Norwood Procedure. World ... Selective Use of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Right Ventricle-to-Pulmonary Artery Conduit During the Norwood Procedure. / ... T1 - Selective Use of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Right Ventricle-to-Pulmonary Artery Conduit During the Norwood Procedure ...
36 modified Blalock-Taussig shunts were performed in 34 patients for a variety of cyanotic congenital cardiac lesions. ... This shunt has all the advantages of the original Blalock-Taussig procedure. In addition, it preserves the integrity of the ... From May 1977 to February 1981, 36 modified Blalock-Taussig shunts were performed in 34 patients for a variety of cyanotic ...
The Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt (commonly called the Blalock-Taussig shunt) is a surgical procedure used to increase pulmonary ... Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt. The arch of the aorta and its branches. In the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt, blood from the ... Jatene procedure. Mustard procedure. for univentricular defect Norwood procedure. Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ...
ANybody familiar with the Blalock-Taussig shunt procedure? over a year ago. ...
Procedure: Blalock-Taussig pulmonary artery shunt. Procedure: Right ventricular to pulmonary artery shunt. ...
Procedure: Blalock-Taussig pulmonary artery shunt. Procedure: Right ventricular to pulmonary artery shunt. ... The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt versus the right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit for the Norwood procedure. Pediatr ... artery flow pattern in infants with single right ventricle following the Norwood procedure with a modified Blalock-Taussig or ... of a randomized trial comparing the Blalock-Taussig and right ventricle-pulmonary artery shunts in the Norwood procedure. J ...
Blalock-taussig Procedure. A cardiovascular procedure performed to create a blood supply to the PULMONARY CIRCULATION. It ... surgical technique, the Buffalo Trunk, to simplify the frozen elephant trunk procedure that obviates the need for a hybrid ... Evaluation of Supra-aortic Trunks Debranching Techniques in Open Arch Repair by Means of Frozen Elephant Trunk Procedure With ... All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called noninvasive surgery usually refers to an excision that ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of the great vessels Arterial switch operation. Mustard procedure. Senning procedure. ... Procedure[edit]. The Mustard Procedure allows total correction of transposition of the great vessels. The procedure employs a ...
This concept was applied in practice as a procedure known as the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt. The procedure was developed by ... and lectures given by Blalock and Taussig at conferences around Europe and America, the procedure quickly gained worldwide ... 27 years after Blalock was elected for their joint work on the Blalock-Taussig shunt 1973: Inducted into the National Womens ... Helen Taussig, M.D. New York: Walker. ISBN 9780802781673. Yount, Lisa (2012). Alfred Blalock, Helen Taussig, and Vivien Thomas ...
Modified Blalock Taussig shunt: a not-so-simple palliative procedure. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2013 Dec. 44(6):1096-102. [ ... Short- and mid-term outcomes of total correction of Taussig-Bing anomaly. Pediatr Cardiol. 2012 Feb. 33(2):258-63. [Medline]. ... Double outlet right ventricle with subpulmonary ventricular septal defect (Taussig-Bing anomaly). ...
Modified Blalock Taussig shunt: a not-so-simple palliative procedure. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2013 Dec. 44(6):1096-102. [ ... Short- and mid-term outcomes of total correction of Taussig-Bing anomaly. Pediatr Cardiol. 2012 Feb. 33(2):258-63. [Medline]. ... In double outlet right ventricle with subpulmonary VSD (Taussig-Bing anomaly), the left ventricular outflow is directed toward ... Double outlet right ventricle with subpulmonary ventricular septal defect (Taussig-Bing anomaly). ...
Blalock-Taussig procedure. *Pulmonary Artery Banding. *Aortic Coartation Surgery. *Surgery to correct transposition of the ... MAZE Procedure. Surgery is performed to correct heart problems including procedures to bypass blocked coronary arteries, repair ... MAZE procedure. A catheter or other device using different types of energy destroys small areas of the heart muscle that are ... Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a procedure that can be used to open narrowed carotid arteries in the neck by inserting a ...
The surgical Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt has historically been the more common procedure for infants with ductal-dependent ... Study compares conventional surgical Blalock-Taussig shunt operation to cathether-based stent procedure ... A comparison between patent ductus arteriosus and modified Blalock-Taussig shunt as palliation for infants with ductal- ... However, patients with stents had better outcomes in other areas: fewer complications from the procedure, shorter stays in the ...
The procedure was conducted by surgeon Alfred Blalock and cardiologist Helen B. Taussig, with Vivien Thomas also providing ... Furthermore, the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig procedure, initially the only surgical treatment available for tetralogy of Fallot, was ... The first Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt surgery was performed on 15-month-old Eileen Saxon on November 29, 1944 with dramatic ... It was actually Helen Taussig who convinced Alfred Blalock that the shunt was going to work. 15-month-old Eileen Saxon was the ...
This will cause the infant to be cyanotic (blue). The Blalock-Taussig shunt procedure is commonly used to correct this defect. ... 33750 Shunt; subclavian to pulmonary artery (Blalock-Taussig type operation). This shunt connects the left subclavian artery to ... simple Fontan procedure). 33617 Repair of complex cardiac anomalies (eg, single ventricle) by modified Fontan procedure). The ... There are two types of Glenn procedures.. 33766 Shunt; superior vena cava to pulmonary artery to flow to 1 lung (classical ...
Natalie was taken to the operating room for a modified Blalock Taussig shunt procedure. This procedure is where a tube is sewn ... At 3 years old, Natalie underwent a fenestration Fontan procedure which is a tube that connects the lower vein drainage that ... Several weeks later, the shunt procedure was performed successfully. She was then followed as an outpatient and was admitted at ... between the arm artery and the lung artery, during the procedure she developed a problem with coronary flow and heart function ...
... oxygenation through the modified Blalock-Taussig operation in an infant with graft dysfunction after the Norwood procedure ...
This can be done using a procedure known as a Blalock-Taussig shunt (a BT shunt). ... Routine medical procedures, such as giving birth or having a general anaesthetic, will need to be carried out by specialist ... It is also usually recommended that you avoid having any cosmetic procedure that involves the piercing of the skin, such ...
2011) Risk factors for mortality and morbidity after the neonatal Blalock-Taussig shunt procedure. Ann Thorac Surg 92: 642-652. ... AVVR: Atrioventricular Valve Regurgitation; BT: Blalock-Taussig; CAVSD: Complete Atrioventricular Septal Defect; ICU: Intensive ... Modified Blalock Taussig Shunt; MVR: Mitral Valve Replacement; PPM: Permanent Pacemaker; PVp: Pulmonary Valve Preservation; PVR ... Fontan type procedures, tetralogy of Fallot, or AVSD repair [14]. The right ventricular diastolic dysfunction after surgery for ...
palliative procedure to improve systemic saturation and encourage pulmonary growth; either modified Blalock-Taussig shunt or ... balloon valvuloplasty, then surgery for aortic valve replacement (Russ procedure) after 5-10 yrs after palliative valvuloplasty ... rashkind procedure) that incr size of PFO or ASD ...
Blalock Taussig or Potts procedure increases blood flow to the lungs. *Open heart surgery ...
Four patients underwent a palliative procedure (Blalock-Taussig shunt) before correction. Four patients had additional ... However, the procedure was unsuccessful and conventional PVR was required.. Table 1 Baseline demographics (n = 10) ... Mean age at the initial corrective procedure for TOF was 6 ± 9 years (median 1.8 years; range 0.3-29 years). ... The majority of the procedures (n = 8) were performed without cardioplegic arrest. When necessary, myocardial protection was ...
Eight patients underwent subsequent intracardiac repair 1 to 5 years (mean 34 months) after the initial procedure. Another four ... Clinical and angiographic results with 23 classic Blalock-Taussig shunts (BTSs) and 35 modified Blalock-Taussig shunts (MBTSs) ... Clinical and angiographic results with 23 classic Blalock-Taussig shunts (BTSs) and 35 modified Blalock-Taussig shunts (MBTSs) ... Clinical and angiographic results with 23 classic Blalock-Taussig shunts (BTSs) and 35 modified Blalock-Taussig shunts (MBTSs) ...
Procedure known as the Blalock-Taussig shunt - Uses a small Gore-Tex® shunt to connect either left or right subclavian to left ... Surgery• Palliative surgery: - Blalock-Taussig shunt - subclavian artery to pulm artery - Potts shunt-descending aorta to PA ... Waterson operation - ascending aorta to Rt pulm artery-Modified Blalock-Taussig shunt ... Tricuspid AtresiaRepair not usually performed in neonatal period- over a series of procedures - Systemic to PA shunt - SVC to ...
This procedure, later called the Blalock-Taussig shunt, reduced CHD mortality from 23 to 17% in older cyanotic children [5]. In ... Blalock-Taussig-Shunt. Classic Blalock-Taussig shunt for palliation of cyanotic heart disease due to reduced pulmonary blood ... mortality after palliation with a Blalock-Taussig shunt [6]. The policy was adopted to initially palliate complex defects by a ... and started with a palliation procedure. In 1945, the John Hopkins surgeon Alfred Blalock performed a shunt operation in a 15- ...
Right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt versus modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left ... Bartram U, Grunenfelder J, Van Praagh R. Causes of death after the modified Norwood Procedure: a study of 122 postmortem cases ... Aortic arch obstruction after the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Is it inevitable? Is it preventable? J ... Balloon angioplasty in infants with aortic obstruction after the modified stage I Norwood procedure. Am Heart J. 2000;140:227- ...
One type of shunting procedure is the Blalock-Taussig, which involves creating a shunt from the aorta to the pulmonary artery. ... The procedure involves placing a band around the pulmonary artery to narrow it and reduce the blood flow and high pressure in ... The procedure involves cutting the end of the pulmonary artery from the left ventricle and sewing it to the right ventricle, ... Damus-Kaye-Stansel procedure: Surgery to correct the transposition of the great arteries by dividing the pulmonary artery in ...
Keywords: Norwood Procedures, Ventricular Function, Right, Survival Rate, Blalock-Taussig Procedure, Hypoplastic Left Heart ... as compared with modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) enrolled in the SVR (Single Ventricle Reconstruction) trial? ... the Norwood Procedure with RVPAS no longer conferred improved transplant survival as compared with the Norwood procedure with ... In the original SVR trial, 549 patients were randomized to the Norwood procedure with either RVPAS or MBTS. For the current ...
... innominate artery was dissected and anastomosed to the main pulmonary trunk according to the classic Blalock-Taussig procedure ... we performed a Blalock-Taussig operation allowing for shunt flow to increase progressively with growth of the animals. This ... The day after the procedure, the shunted animals were randomized to bosentan or placebo. In all the shunted animals, daily ... Surgical Procedure. After prophylactic cephazoline, premedication with ketamine, midazolam, and atropine, anesthesia with ...
Survival and clinical course at Fontan after stage one palliation with either a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt or a right ... Early postoperative severity of illness predicts outcomes after the stage I Norwood procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2011 Aug; 92(2 ... Outcomes after bidirectional Glenn operation: Blalock-Taussig shunt versus right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit. Ann ... comparison of right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit with modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Mar ...
  • Helen Brooke Taussig (May 24, 1898 - May 20, 1986) was an American cardiologist, working in Baltimore and Boston, who founded the field of pediatric cardiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Helen Brooke Taussig was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on May 24, 1898, to Frank Wiliam Taussig and Edith Thomas Guild, the youngest of four children. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this episode we draw from our own lives to take a closer look at the life and work of Dr. Helen Brooke Taussig as well as the maddening condition of Misophonia . (buzzsprout.com)
  • From May 1977 to February 1981, 36 modified Blalock-Taussig shunts were performed in 34 patients for a variety of cyanotic congenital cardiac lesions. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Classic versus modified Blalock-Taussig shunts in neonates and infants. (elsevier.com)
  • Clinical and angiographic results with 23 classic Blalock-Taussig shunts (BTSs) and 35 modified Blalock-Taussig shunts (MBTSs) with polytetrafluoroethylene grafts between the subclavian and pulmonary arteries were compared. (elsevier.com)
  • Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Classic versus modified Blalock-Taussig shunts in neonates and infants. (elsevier.com)
  • This chapter covers palliative operations, including the pulmonary artery band, aortopulmonary shunts (such as the classic and modified Blalock-Taussig shunts, Waterston/Cooley shunt, and Potts shunt), and other procedures. (northwestern.edu)
  • Operative procedures carried out included bilateral cavernostomies in 23 patients, caverno-glandular shunts in 11, caverno spongiosal shunt in 18 and caverno-saphenous shunt in 1. (biomedsearch.com)
  • These include developing durable and efficient surgical procedures, shunts and valves. (edu.au)
  • Pott's anastomosis (85), Blalock-Taussig anastomosis (19), intrapericardial aorta (Ao)-to-right pulmonary artery (RPA) (18), Glenn procedure (3) and miscellaneous shunts (2) have been used. (ahajournals.org)
  • Pulmonary artery distortion and other complications of the use of native vessels to increase pulmonary blood flow has led to the more frequent use of polytetrafluorethylene shunts either in a central position or as a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. (elsevier.com)
  • SVR is a trial in which infants with a single ventricle heart defect undergoing surgery, were randomly assigned to one of two commonly placed shunts: right ventricular to pulmonary artery shunt (RVPA) vs. Modified Blalock-Taussig Shunt (MBTS). (pediatricheartnetwork.org)
  • In children with a single heart ventricle undergoing the Norwood procedure, a trial was conducted to determine if one of two different shunts resulted in better survival after 12 months without the need for a heart transplant. (pediatricheartnetwork.org)
  • Two types of shunts (tubes) may be used for the first surgery: the traditional modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) and the right ventricle to pulmonary artery (RV-PA) shunt. (pediatricheartnetwork.org)
  • Between 1993 and 1998, 18 patients with congenital heart disease underwent transcatheter closure of 19 Blalock-Taussig shunts. (elsevier.com)
  • del Castillo SL, Moromisato DY, Dorey F, Ludwick J, Starnes VA, Wells WJ et al (2006) Mesenteric blood flow velocities in the newborn with single-ventricle physiology: modified Blalock-Taussig shunt versus right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit. (springer.com)
  • At 3 years old, Natalie underwent a fenestration Fontan procedure which is a tube that connects the lower vein drainage that goes to the heart to the pulmonary artery. (childrens.com)
  • 68% had previously undergone Glenn or Fontan surgery, 8% Blalock-Taussig shunt and 24% other surgical procedures. (scielo.org.co)
  • Thus, at a mean age of 6 months, 121 patients have undergone closure of aortopulmonary shunt, augmentation of central pulmonary arteries, and association of the superior vena cava with the branch pulmonary arteries (hemi-Fontan procedure). (meta.org)
  • She had undergone four heart surgeries that included a Blalock-Taussig shunt at two months of age, a bi-directional Glenn shunt at the age of two years, a Fontan procedure at eight years old, and a left pulmonary artery stenting six days prior to consultation. (cureus.com)
  • Innominate Vein Turn-down Procedure for Failing Fontan Circulation. (mcw.edu)
  • METHODS: We reviewed 122 consecutive neonates undergoing the Norwood procedure from December 2006 to December 2013. (northwestern.edu)
  • In our institution, we have used specific selection criteria for the use of mBTS in the Norwood operation.METHODS: We reviewed 122 consecutive neonates undergoing the Norwood procedure from December 2006 to December 2013. (northwestern.edu)
  • What are the 3-year outcomes for patients undergoing the Norwood procedure with right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt (RVPAS) as compared with modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) enrolled in the SVR (Single Ventricle Reconstruction) trial? (acc.org)
  • By 3 years, no transplant-free survival benefit was seen in patients undergoing the Norwood procedure with RVPAS as compared with MBTS (67% vs. 61%, p = 0.15). (acc.org)
  • The SVR trial demonstrated improved survival at 12 months for patients undergoing the Norwood procedure with RVPA shunt as compared with MTBS, but suggested convergence in survival rates over time. (acc.org)
  • Infants undergoing the Norwood procedure were randomly assigned to the MBT shunt (275 infants) or the RVPA shunt (274 infants) at 15 North American centers. (nih.gov)
  • In children undergoing the Norwood procedure, transplantation-free survival at 12 months was better with the RVPA shunt than with the MBT shunt. (nih.gov)
  • WEDNESDAY, May 26 (HealthDay News) -- Use of a right ventricle-pulmonary artery (RVPA) shunt in infants undergoing the Norwood procedure results in better transplantation-free survival in the short term than use of a modified Blalock-Taussig (MBT) shunt, but the advantage fades in longer follow-up, according to a study in the May 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine . (doctorslounge.com)
  • The procedure was developed by Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas, who were Taussig's colleagues at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1949 when the National Heart Institute-not yet the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-began awarding research grants in pediatric cardiovascular disease, among the first was to a surgeon named Alfred Blalock, M.D. With his colleagues at Johns Hopkins University-Helen Taussig, a pediatric cardiologist, and Vivien Thomas, a talented laboratory technician-Blalock had invented a procedure that was saving the lives of so-called "blue babies. (nih.gov)
  • In 1945, the John Hopkins' surgeon Alfred Blalock performed a shunt operation in a 15-month-old child with cyanotic heart disease and reduced pulmonary blood flow. (smw.ch)
  • Bartram U, Grunenfelder J, Van Praagh R. Causes of death after the modified Norwood Procedure: a study of 122 postmortem cases. (springer.com)
  • Right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt versus modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome: influence on early and late hemodynamic status. (springer.com)
  • Aortic arch obstruction after the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. (springer.com)
  • Balloon angioplasty in infants with aortic obstruction after the modified stage I Norwood procedure. (springer.com)
  • In the original SVR trial, 549 patients were randomized to the Norwood procedure with either RVPAS or MBTS. (acc.org)
  • By 3 years, the Norwood Procedure with RVPAS no longer conferred improved transplant survival as compared with the Norwood procedure with MBTS. (acc.org)
  • Golbus JR, Wojcik BM, Charpie JR, Hirsch JC (2011) Feeding complications in hypoplastic left heart syndrome after the Norwood procedure: a systematic review of the literature. (springer.com)
  • In the Pediatric Heart Network Single Ventricle Reconstruction (SVR) Trial, newborns with HLHS and other related single right ventricular defects were prospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to a Norwood procedure by using either a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt or a right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt. (medscape.com)
  • The Norwood procedure with a modified Blalock-Taussig (MBT) shunt, the first palliative stage for single-ventricle lesions with systemic outflow obstruction, is associated with high mortality. (nih.gov)
  • The first stage, referred to as the Norwood procedure, allows the right ventricle to pump blood to both the lungs and the body without the need for the ductus to be kept open. (goredforwomen.org)
  • The Norwood procedure must be performed soon after birth. (goredforwomen.org)
  • Johnson JN, Ansong AK, LI JS, Gorentz J, Hehir DA, del Castillo SL, Lai WW, Uzark K, Pasquali SK: Celiac Artery Flow Pattern in infants with single right ventricle following the Norwood Procedure with a modified Blalock-Taussig or right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt. (chla.org)
  • Explain to interested patients that several approaches to the Norwood procedure have been described in an attempt to reduce the mortality of this most dangerous stage of surgery for infants with single-ventricle congenital heart defects. (medpagetoday.com)
  • For babies born with a single ventricle, a newer approach to the Norwood procedure improves early survival despite more complications, a randomized clinical trial showed. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Most mortality occurs at the critical first stage right after birth during the Norwood procedure, she said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • For example, HLHS is initially palliated by a stage 1 Norwood procedure with placement of either a systemic-pulmonary shunt (Blalock-Taussig shunt [BTS]) or ventriculopulmonary shunt (Sano shunt) as a source of pulmonary blood flow. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • The first operation, the Norwood procedure, involves placing a shunt to carry blood from the heart to the lungs. (pediatricheartnetwork.org)
  • Babies with a single ventricle (lower pumping chamber) heart were in the study if a Norwood procedure was planned. (pediatricheartnetwork.org)
  • The first of the three surgeries (the Norwood procedure) for babies born with a single heart ventricle is one of the highest risk procedures in congenital heart surgery. (pediatricheartnetwork.org)
  • Norwood Procedure-Difficulty in Weaning From Cardiopulmonary Bypass and Implications for Outcomes. (mcw.edu)
  • BACKGROUND: The single ventricle reconstruction trial showed better one-year transplant-free survival for the right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery (RV-to-PA) conduit over the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (mBTS) at Norwood operation. (northwestern.edu)
  • Babies were randomly assigned to receive either the traditional modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) or the right ventricle- pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit. (pediatricheartnetwork.org)
  • The results also revealed that babies who received the RV-PA conduit needed more procedures and had more complications than those receiving the MBTS. (pediatricheartnetwork.org)
  • In the Mustard procedure, blood is pumped to the lungs via the left ventricle and disseminated throughout the body via the right ventricle. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Mustard procedure was largely replaced in the late 1980s by the Jatene procedure (arterial switch), in which the native arteries were switched back to normal flow, so that the RV (right ventricle) would be connected to the pulmonary artery and the LV (left ventricle) would be connected to the aorta. (wikipedia.org)
  • In double outlet right ventricle with subpulmonary VSD (Taussig-Bing anomaly), the left ventricular outflow is directed toward the pulmonary artery. (medscape.com)
  • The procedure involves cutting the end of the pulmonary artery from the left ventricle and sewing it to the right ventricle, and then cutting the end of the aorta from the right ventricle and sewing it to the left ventricle. (imaginis.com)
  • Mesenteric blood flow velocities in the newborn with single ventricle physiology: Modified Blalock-Taussig shunt vs. right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit. (chla.org)
  • Survival at 12 months without need for a heart transplant was 74% with the right ventricle-pulmonary artery shunt approach, compared with 64% using the traditional modified Blalock-Taussig shunt ( P =0.01), a 28% relative benefit. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The trial included 549 infants at 15 North American centers in the Pediatric Heart Network randomized to the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt or right ventricle-pulmonary artery shunt for hypoplastic left heart syndrome or a related single, morphologic right ventricular anomaly. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The researchers speculated that the reasons for this shift between the early and intermediate periods might be because the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is removed as part of further repairs at stage II, "potentially allowing some of the negative factors related to use of the right ventricle-pulmonary artery shunt to become evident. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The overall rate of serious adverse events, including death, through 12 months was lower with the the right ventricle-pulmonary artery shunt versus the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt ( P =0.04) but similar between these groups when excluding death ( P =0.13). (medpagetoday.com)
  • Babies who received the right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt had better survival, although they might have needed more unplanned heart treatments than did those who received the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. (pediatricheartnetwork.org)
  • The traditional procedure uses a shunt called the modified Blalock-Taussig (MBT), and the newer shunt is called the right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt (RVPA). (babymed.com)
  • A small number of nonrandomized and retrospective studies have compared outcomes of classical Norwood procedures for hypoplasticleft-heart syndrome and single ventricle lesions involving a Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt to the modified procedure using a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Researchers compare the conventional surgical Blalock-Taussig shunt operation to the catheter-based stent procedure in infants with various forms of congenital heart disease who require a stable source of blood flow. (chop.edu)
  • A comparison between patent ductus arteriosus and modified Blalock-Taussig shunt as palliation for infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow: insights from the Congenital Catheterization Research Collaborative. (eurekalert.org)
  • Background: Infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow may undergo palliation with either a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) stent or a modified Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt. (elsevier.com)
  • Lengthy hospital stay following this procedure is common, as these neonates often require careful monitoring of oral and/or nasogastric feedings. (chw.org)
  • Modified Blalock Taussig shunt: Comparison between neonates, infants and older children. (bvsalud.org)
  • The modified blalock-taussig shunt using microporous expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). (biomedsearch.com)
  • The surgical Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt has historically been the more common procedure for infants with ductal-dependent pulmonary blood flow, while the transcatheter patent ductus arteriosis (PDA) stent became available in 1992 as an alternative for these patients. (eurekalert.org)
  • During her late years of work Dr Taussig had hypothesised that congenital cardiac defects had arisen from the expression of genetic defects found in the infants. (edu.au)
  • Newer heart surgery for infants offers first-year survival benefit over traditional procedure. (babymed.com)
  • Taussig-Bing syndrome - complete transposition of the aorta with a left-sided pulmonary artery overriding the left ventricle and ventricular septal defect, right ventricular hypertrophy, anteriorly situated aorta, and posteriorly situated pulmonary artery. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Waterston (ascending aorta-left pulmonary artery), Cooley (ascending aorta-right pulmonary artery), Potts (descending aorta-left pulmonary artery) or Blalock-Taussig (subclavian artery-pulmonary artery) shunt are the usual temporary procedures performed prior to a more definitive intracardiac repair when the individual gets older. (bjcardio.co.uk)
  • A study done by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute examined the traditional surgical procedure done to fix a severe congenital heart disease called hypoplastic left heart syndrome , which is when the left ventricle of the heart is under formed and not pumping blood to the body. (babymed.com)
  • Later named the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt, the procedure involved the surgical creation of a shunt from the left or right subclavian artery (which supplies blood to the left or right arm, respectively) to the right or left pulmonary artery to re-direct low-oxygen blood to the lungs. (uhn.ca)
  • A left Blalock-Taussig shunt was subsequently performed and this reestablished blood supply to the left pulmonary artery. (elsevier.com)
  • A 16-year-old girl with underlying congenital pulmonary atresia and an intact ventricular septum was referred for ophthalmology assessment at day six after a left pulmonary artery stenting procedure. (cureus.com)
  • The Mustard procedure improved an 80% mortality rate in the first year of life to an 80% survival at age 20. (wikipedia.org)
  • This procedure, later called the Blalock-Taussig shunt, reduced CHD mortality from 23 to 17% in older cyanotic children [ 5 ]. (smw.ch)
  • There was no mortality associated with the procedures. (scielo.org.co)
  • The PCH4 report provides hospital-specific volume and risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality data on 10 widely performed heart surgeries classified by the STS as benchmark procedures. (chop.edu)
  • Because the higher mortality of the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt occurred primarily early during follow-up, the overall difference in transplant-free survival through 14 months favored the newer approach but not significantly ( P =0.06). (medpagetoday.com)
  • For example, coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), cardiopulmonary bypass and valve replacement are surgical procedures performed by surgeons, not cardiologists. (wikipedia.org)
  • This approach, along with combined catheter and surgical procedures, allows us to minimize the number of pediatric heart surgeries - and gives young children the very best chance of leading a long, fulfilling life. (nemours.org)
  • Blalock shunt - subclavian artery to pulmonary artery shunt to increase pulmonary circulation in cyanotic heart disease with decreased pulmonary flow. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Blalock-Taussig shunt - a palliative subclavian artery to pulmonary artery anastomosis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A standard modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is performed on the contralateral side to the arch while a classic BT shunt (direct anastomosis of the subclavian artery to the pulmonary artery) is performed on the ipsilateral arch side. (bcm.edu)
  • If these defects require intervention, a surgical procedure is done via heart catheterization. (aapc.com)
  • This procedure increases blood flow to the lungs in children with cardiac defects. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Blalock-Hanlon operation - the creation of a large atrial septal defect as a palliative procedure for complete transposition of the great arteries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Knowledge of previous cardiac operations is especially important as the patient may have had a palliative procedure with changes in the resultant anatomy and physiology. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Ximena underwent a palliative procedure called the Glenn Procedure, and she immediately felt better! (babyheart.org)
  • Our findings support PDA stents over BT shunt placement for selected patients with this condition, particularly in experienced centers where this procedure can be performed safely and effectively," said study leader Andrew Glatz, MD, MSCE, a pediatric cardiologist at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP). (eurekalert.org)
  • Ask your pediatric cardiologist about your child's need to take antibiotics before certain dental procedures to help prevent endocarditis. (goredforwomen.org)
  • This surgery had not been possible prior to 1975 because of difficulty with re-implanting coronary arteries which perfuse the actual heart muscle itself (myocardium), and even after it was first performed the excellent results from the Mustard operation meant that it was a long time before the Jatene procedure took over. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, patients with stents had better outcomes in other areas: fewer complications from the procedure, shorter stays in the intensive care unit, less frequent need for diuretics, and larger and more symmetric pulmonary arteries at the time of subsequent surgery. (eurekalert.org)
  • Surgery is performed to correct heart problems including procedures to bypass blocked coronary arteries, repair or replace heart valves that control blood flow or implant devices to control heartbeats. (cardiosmart.org)
  • The medical success story of CHD was strongly related to pioneering work in cardiac surgery, and started with a palliation procedure. (smw.ch)
  • The first of the three surgeries is one of the highest risk procedures in congenital heart surgery. (pediatricheartnetwork.org)
  • There were no complications, no embolizations, and no requirement for surgery precipitated by the procedures. (elsevier.com)
  • But because those machines were too primitive to use on small babies, said Richard Jonas, chief of cardiac surgery at Children's National Health System in Washington, D.C., researchers in the late 1970s developed a breakthrough procedure that cooled babies and stopped their circulation in order to operate. (nih.gov)
  • After months of experimenting, Vivien developed a procedure that was used for the first successful open-heart surgery on a child. (leeandlow.com)
  • Retinal emboli and retinal artery occlusions are known to occur following greater arterial circulation procedures, including left ventricular assisted device surgery, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, carotid endarterectomy, and carotid artery stenting [1-2] . (cureus.com)
  • 15. Dr. Jeffrey Vergales-A Pediatric Cardiologists Talks About Caring For Children With Single Ventricle Hearts In Between The Blalock -Taussig Shunt Surgery and the Glenn Procedure. (walkingwithfamilies.com)
  • In addition, he goes into great depth about caring for children with single ventricle hearts in between the Blalock-Taussig Shunt Surgery and the Glenn Procedure. (walkingwithfamilies.com)
  • Here are some of the symptoms that parents should watch for in between the Blalock -Tausig Shunt Surgery and the Glen Procedure. (walkingwithfamilies.com)
  • The procedure involves increasing the size of the pulmonary valve and pulmonary arteries and repairing the ventricular septal defect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Short- and mid-term outcomes of total correction of Taussig-Bing anomaly. (medscape.com)
  • Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the first described and most common cyanotic congenital heart anomaly that generated the first successful surgical palliation procedure and definitive intracardiac repair. (scielo.org.za)
  • Patients with this anomaly who require permanent pacing or an implantable defibrillator (ICD) will usually have had a previous surgical procedure. (bjcardio.co.uk)
  • The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt involves the use of synthetic graft material to create the anastomosis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Our results indicate the Pott's anastomosis and Ao-to-RPA anastomosis are superior to the Blalock-Taussig anastomosis (BT) for palliation of TA. (ahajournals.org)
  • All three patients undergoing Glenn procedures (superior vena cava-to-RPA anastomosis) required reoperation or died without significant benefit. (ahajournals.org)
  • The procedure involves connecting the right atrium directly to the pulmonary artery, or using a conduit to make the connection. (imaginis.com)
  • Blalock-Taussig shunt x 2 then Rastelli procedure (RV-PA conduit). (radiopaedia.org)
  • RV-PA conduit replacement is also expected after Rastelli procedure, as the patient grows up while the conduit remains at the same size. (radiopaedia.org)
  • A procedure used during heart catheterization to improve oxygen supply in patients with transposition of the great arteries. (imaginis.com)
  • Postero-anterior and lateral chest X-ray in a patient with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries and evidence of multiple previous pacing system implants including an epicardial procedure (1). (bjcardio.co.uk)
  • Blood is directed to the lungs through either a Blalock-Taussig (arrow on inserted picture) or Sano shunt. (goredforwomen.org)
  • Eight patients underwent subsequent intracardiac repair 1 to 5 years (mean 34 months) after the initial procedure. (elsevier.com)
  • Even at such a young age, Mauro showed what a warrior he was when he underwent a procedure to insert a Blalock Taussig Shunt to help manage the symptoms of his serious condition and allow him to grow. (babyheart.org)
  • The procedure employs a baffle to redirect caval blood flow to the left atrium which then pumps blood to the left ventricle which then pumps the deoxygenated blood to the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The procedure involves placing a band around the pulmonary artery to narrow it and reduce the blood flow and high pressure in the lungs. (imaginis.com)
  • This temporary procedure allowed more oxygen to travel to his lungs, and he came out of the procedure with pink lips! (babyheart.org)
  • It was in the morning of 1943 in which Taussig explained to Blalock and Thomas that she believed it would be possible to direct more blood into the pulmonary circulation by conducting surgical methods. (edu.au)
  • In 1943, Vivien was asked to help Dr. Helen Taussig find a cure for children with a specific heart defect. (leeandlow.com)
  • While performing the procedure, Dr. Breinholt and Dra Britton determined that they could partially improve Sergio's condition by placing a stent in his Right Ventricular Outflow Tract that was extremely narrowed. (babyheart.org)
  • The procedure may be used to reduce cyanosis in patients with tricuspid atresia, pulmonary atresia or severe cases of tetraology of fallot. (imaginis.com)
  • Performed in a cardiac catheterization laboratory, this procedure involves placing a catheter with a small balloon on its tip into the patient's narrowed artery under angiographic guidance. (imaginis.com)
  • Glenn procedure is a palliative surgical procedure performed for patients with Tricuspid atresia . (wikipedia.org)
  • 19 ) reported the use of ACT for mapping of the left atrium during atrial fibrillation ablation procedures. (onlinejacc.org)
  • O implante de stents para manter o ducto arterial patente na cardiopatia congênita cianótica éuma alternativa à cirurgia de Blalock-Taussig modificada (BTm) em pacientes de alto risco. (bvsalud.org)
  • While this may have ample indirect implications for the regular care of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) due to postponement of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, the focus of the current review is on the direct impact of SARS-CoV-2 on congenital patients. (bmj.com)
  • The study group consists of 16 consecutive patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease who had Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt (n=7), bidirectional cavo-pulmonary shunt (BCPS, n=7) and unifocalization (n=2). (elsevier.com)
  • The Mustard Procedure allows total correction of transposition of the great vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • The presence of a right aortic arch is of practical importance to the surgeon as this determines the side of thoracotomy when performing a shunt procedure. (bcm.edu)
  • Kaminski had tetralogy of Fallot , and the late Andrew "Glenn" Morrow, M.D., a cardiac surgeon who happened to train under Blalock, led the NIH team that repaired his defect. (nih.gov)