Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Surgical Procedures, Operative: Operations carried out for the correction of deformities and defects, repair of injuries, and diagnosis and cure of certain diseases. (Taber, 18th ed.)Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive: Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Vascular Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures for the treatment of vascular disorders.Methods: A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.Ambulatory Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on an outpatient basis. It may be hospital-based or performed in an office or surgicenter.Cardiac Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the heart.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Neurofibrillary Tangles: Abnormal structures located in various parts of the brain and composed of dense arrays of paired helical filaments (neurofilaments and microtubules). These double helical stacks of transverse subunits are twisted into left-handed ribbon-like filaments that likely incorporate the following proteins: (1) the intermediate filaments: medium- and high-molecular-weight neurofilaments; (2) the microtubule-associated proteins map-2 and tau; (3) actin; and (4) UBIQUITINS. As one of the hallmarks of ALZHEIMER DISEASE, the neurofibrillary tangles eventually occupy the whole of the cytoplasm in certain classes of cell in the neocortex, hippocampus, brain stem, and diencephalon. The number of these tangles, as seen in post mortem histology, correlates with the degree of dementia during life. Some studies suggest that tangle antigens leak into the systemic circulation both in the course of normal aging and in cases of Alzheimer disease.Neurosurgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.Urologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the urinary tract or its parts in the male or female. For surgery of the male genitalia, UROLOGIC SURGICAL PROCEDURES, MALE is available.Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Endovascular Procedures: Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Fontan Procedure: A procedure in which total right atrial or total caval blood flow is channeled directly into the pulmonary artery or into a small right ventricle that serves only as a conduit. The principal congenital malformations for which this operation is useful are TRICUSPID ATRESIA and single ventricle with pulmonary stenosis.Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the heart or blood vessels.Laparoscopy: A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.Radiography, Interventional: Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures that are invasive or surgical in nature, and require the expertise of a specially trained radiologist. In general, they are more invasive than diagnostic imaging but less invasive than major surgery. They often involve catheterization, fluoroscopy, or computed tomography. Some examples include percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, percutaneous transthoracic biopsy, balloon angioplasty, and arterial embolization.Fluoroscopy: Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.Surgical Procedures, Elective: Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.Gynecologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the female genitalia.Digestive System Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the digestive system or its parts.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Catheter Ablation: Removal of tissue with electrical current delivered via electrodes positioned at the distal end of a catheter. Energy sources are commonly direct current (DC-shock) or alternating current at radiofrequencies (usually 750 kHz). The technique is used most often to ablate the AV junction and/or accessory pathways in order to interrupt AV conduction and produce AV block in the treatment of various tachyarrhythmias.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Oral Surgical Procedures: Surgical procedures used to treat disease, injuries, and defects of the oral and maxillofacial region.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Catheterization: Use or insertion of a tubular device into a duct, blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity for injecting or withdrawing fluids for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes. It differs from INTUBATION in that the tube here is used to restore or maintain patency in obstructions.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the eye or any of its parts.Radiology, Interventional: Subspecialty of radiology that combines organ system radiography, catheter techniques and sectional imaging.Surgical Procedures, Minor: Surgery restricted to the management of minor problems and injuries; surgical procedures of relatively slight extent and not in itself hazardous to life. (Dorland, 28th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)Thoracic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the thoracic organs, most commonly the lungs and the heart.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures: Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Surgery, Computer-Assisted: Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.Cardiac Catheterization: Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Anastomosis, Surgical: Surgical union or shunt between ducts, tubes or vessels. It may be end-to-end, end-to-side, side-to-end, or side-to-side.Suture Techniques: Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).United StatesDrainage: The removal of fluids or discharges from the body, such as from a wound, sore, or cavity.Conscious Sedation: A drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients respond purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation. No interventions are required to maintain a patent airway. (From: American Society of Anesthesiologists Practice Guidelines)Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the ear and its parts, the nose and nasal cavity, or the throat, including surgery of the adenoids, tonsils, pharynx, and trachea.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Postoperative Care: The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Surgical Flaps: Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Anesthesia, Local: A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Unnecessary Procedures: Diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative procedures prescribed and performed by health professionals, the results of which do not justify the benefits or hazards and costs to the patient.Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Autoanalysis: Method of analyzing chemicals using automation.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Specimen Handling: Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.Angioplasty, Balloon: Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.Embolization, Therapeutic: A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.Surgical Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.Obstetric Surgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the pregnant woman for conditions associated with pregnancy, labor, or the puerperium. It does not include surgery of the newborn infant.Laser Therapy: The use of photothermal effects of LASERS to coagulate, incise, vaporize, resect, dissect, or resurface tissue.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Prostheses and Implants: Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.Punctures: Incision of tissues for injection of medication or for other diagnostic or therapeutic procedures. Punctures of the skin, for example may be used for diagnostic drainage; of blood vessels for diagnostic imaging procedures.Indicators and Reagents: Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.General Surgery: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.Mikamycin: An antibiotic complex originally isolated from Streptomyces mitakaenis. It contains two principle ingredients: STREPTOGRAMIN A (mikamycin A) and STREPTOGRAMIN B (mikamycin B).Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Thoracoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the pleural cavity.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Biopsy, Needle: Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male: Surgery performed on the male genitalia.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Operating Rooms: Facilities equipped for performing surgery.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Cryosurgery: The use of freezing as a special surgical technique to destroy or excise tissue.Reinforcement (Psychology): The strengthening of a conditioned response.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Bronchoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the bronchi.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Robotics: The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Postoperative Period: The period following a surgical operation.Radiation ProtectionAngioplasty: Reconstruction or repair of a blood vessel, which includes the widening of a pathological narrowing of an artery or vein by the removal of atheromatous plaque material and/or the endothelial lining as well, or by dilatation (BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY) to compress an ATHEROMA. Except for ENDARTERECTOMY, usually these procedures are performed via catheterization as minimally invasive ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES.Electrocoagulation: Procedures using an electrically heated wire or scalpel to treat hemorrhage (e.g., bleeding ulcers) and to ablate tumors, mucosal lesions, and refractory arrhythmias. It is different from ELECTROSURGERY which is used more for cutting tissue than destroying and in which the patient is part of the electric circuit.Ultrasonography, Interventional: The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Device Removal: Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.Dermatologic Surgical Procedures: Operative procedures performed on the SKIN.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Birth Certificates: Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.Microchemistry: The development and use of techniques and equipment to study or perform chemical reactions, with small quantities of materials, frequently less than a milligram or a milliliter.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary: Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Vascular Patency: The degree to which BLOOD VESSELS are not blocked or obstructed.Reference Standards: A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.Surgical Wound Infection: Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Osteotomy: The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Equipment Failure: Failure of equipment to perform to standard. The failure may be due to defects or improper use.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Endoscopes: Instruments for the visual examination of interior structures of the body. There are rigid endoscopes and flexible fiberoptic endoscopes for various types of viewing in ENDOSCOPY.Chromatography, Affinity: A chromatographic technique that utilizes the ability of biological molecules to bind to certain ligands specifically and reversibly. It is used in protein biochemistry. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Needles: Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.Reinforcement Schedule: A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.Electrokymography: Radiographic technique combining a photoelectric recording system with fluoroscopy. It is used especially with electrocardiography to study heart motion.Intraoperative Period: The period during a surgical operation.Monitoring, Intraoperative: The constant checking on the state or condition of a patient during the course of a surgical operation (e.g., checking of vital signs).Intraoperative Care: Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.Conditioning, Operant: Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.Calibration: Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.Columbidae: Family in the order COLUMBIFORMES, comprised of pigeons or doves. They are BIRDS with short legs, stout bodies, small heads, and slender bills. Some sources call the smaller species doves and the larger pigeons, but the names are interchangeable.Chromatography: Techniques used to separate mixtures of substances based on differences in the relative affinities of the substances for mobile and stationary phases. A mobile phase (fluid or gas) passes through a column containing a stationary phase of porous solid or liquid coated on a solid support. Usage is both analytical for small amounts and preparative for bulk amounts.Chromatography, Ion Exchange: Separation technique in which the stationary phase consists of ion exchange resins. The resins contain loosely held small ions that easily exchange places with other small ions of like charge present in solutions washed over the resins.Blood Loss, Surgical: Loss of blood during a surgical procedure.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Anesthesia, General: Procedure in which patients are induced into an unconscious state through use of various medications so that they do not feel pain during surgery.Discrimination Learning: Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of synthetic material to repair injured or diseased heart valves.Operative Time: The duration of a surgical procedure in hours and minutes.Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures: Any surgical procedure performed on the biliary tract.Coronary Artery Bypass: Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.Staining and Labeling: The marking of biological material with a dye or other reagent for the purpose of identifying and quantitating components of tissues, cells or their extracts.Surgical Equipment: Nonexpendable apparatus used during surgical procedures. They are differentiated from SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS, usually hand-held and used in the immediate operative field.Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of a prosthesis.Microsurgery: The performance of surgical procedures with the aid of a microscope.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Atrial Fibrillation: Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the gastrointestinal tract.Suction: The removal of secretions, gas or fluid from hollow or tubular organs or cavities by means of a tube and a device that acts on negative pressure.Andrographis: A plant genus of the family ACANTHACEAE. Members contain andrographolide and other DITERPENES and androechin, a CHALCONE.Pulmonary Veins: The veins that return the oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.Rhabdomyoma: A benign tumor derived from striated muscle. It is extremely rare, generally occurring in the tongue, neck muscles, larynx, uvula, nasal cavity, axilla, vulva, and heart. These tumors are treated by simple excision. (Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1354)Cryopreservation: Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.Chromatography, Gel: Chromatography on non-ionic gels without regard to the mechanism of solute discrimination.Catheters: A flexible, tubular device that is used to carry fluids into or from a blood vessel, hollow organ, or body cavity.Learning Curve: The course of learning of an individual or a group. It is a measure of performance plotted over time.Radiation Dosage: The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).Centrifugation: Process of using a rotating machine to generate centrifugal force to separate substances of different densities, remove moisture, or simulate gravitational effects. It employs a large motor-driven apparatus with a long arm, at the end of which human and animal subjects, biological specimens, or equipment can be revolved and rotated at various speeds to study gravitational effects. (From Websters, 10th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Hemostatic Techniques: Techniques for controlling bleeding.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Anesthesia: A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.Education of Intellectually Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with subnormal intellectual functioning.False Positive Reactions: Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Hospital Mortality: A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.Dreissena: A genus of mussels in the family Dreissenidae, class BIVALVIA. They are found in both fresh and brackish water and are not native to North America. Accidentally introduced into the Great Lakes in 1986, they now proliferate widely throughout the United States.Filtration: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Catheterization, Peripheral: Insertion of a catheter into a peripheral artery, vein, or airway for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.Postoperative Hemorrhage: Hemorrhage following any surgical procedure. It may be immediate or delayed and is not restricted to the surgical wound.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Chromatography, Gas: Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.Dissection: The separation and isolation of tissues for surgical purposes, or for the analysis or study of their structures.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Therapeutic Irrigation: The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.Dilatation: The act of dilating.Current Procedural Terminology: Descriptive terms and identifying codes for reporting medical services and procedures performed by PHYSICIANS. It is produced by the AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION and used in insurance claim reporting for MEDICARE; MEDICAID; and private health insurance programs (From CPT 2002).Surgery, Plastic: The branch of surgery concerned with restoration, reconstruction, or improvement of defective, damaged, or missing structures.Arterial Occlusive Diseases: Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Surgical Stapling: A technique of closing incisions and wounds, or of joining and connecting tissues, in which staples are used as sutures.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Laparoscopes: ENDOSCOPES for examining the abdominal and pelvic organs in the peritoneal cavity.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Laparotomy: Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde: Fiberoptic endoscopy designed for duodenal observation and cannulation of VATER'S AMPULLA, in order to visualize the pancreatic and biliary duct system by retrograde injection of contrast media. Endoscopic (Vater) papillotomy (SPHINCTEROTOMY, ENDOSCOPIC) may be performed during this procedure.

Late emergency arterial duct stenting in a patient with tetralogy of Fallot and occluded Blalock-Taussig shunt. (1/17)

Over the last decade or so, stent implantation to the arterial duct has achieved acceptance as an alternative to aortopulmonary shunt procedure. We present the case of a patient with tetralogy of Fallot with diminished pulmonary flow and complete proximal occlusion of a right-sided Blalock-Taussig shunt. Surgical repair was not possible because of relative contraindications, and the interventional shunt recanalisation attempt was unsuccessful. The coronary stent was implanted into arterial duct. This resulted in oxygen saturation increase with normal contrast flow to the left pulmonary artery and right pulmonary artery (prior to the procedure we suspected non-confluent pulmonary artery). This brief report evaluates the feasibility of this new therapeutical option in such special patients with duct-dependent pulmonary blood flow.  (+info)

Celiac artery flow pattern in infants with single right ventricle following the Norwood procedure with a modified Blalock-Taussig or right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt. (2/17)

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Intermediate-term mortality and cardiac transplantation in infants with single-ventricle lesions: risk factors and their interaction with shunt type. (3/17)

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Surgical treatment for neonatal Ebstein's anomaly with circular shunting. (4/17)

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Total correction in tetralogy of Fallot with anomalous major coronary artery: an alternative method to conduit use. (5/17)

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Early developmental outcome in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related anomalies: the single ventricle reconstruction trial. (6/17)

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Does initial shunt type for the Norwood procedure affect echocardiographic measures of cardiac size and function during infancy?: the Single Vventricle Reconstruction trial. (7/17)

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Exclusion of infected pseudoaneurysm of modified Blalock Taussig shunt using a covered stent. (8/17)

A pseudoaneurysm due to infection after a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is a rare but potentially fatal complication that can rupture, compress mediastinal structures, produce shunt occlusion, and bacteremia. In these patients, medical management of endocarditis is often incomplete because of the presence of prosthetic material and requires the take down of the shunt, most often by surgery, which can be technically challenging. We outline the use of a covered stent to exclude pseudoaneurysm from circulation.  (+info)

From May 1977 to February 1981, 36 modified Blalock-Taussig shunts were performed in 34 patients for a variety of cyanotic congenital cardiac lesions. Microporous expanded PTFE was utilised as a conduit between the subclavian artery and the ipsilater
Quek, S.C.,Lee, C.N. (2010). The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt revisited. Cardiology in the Young 20 (2) : 208-209. [email protected] Repository. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1047951109991041 ...
PIER Guideline for Acute Management of a cyanosed Infant with systemic- to- pulmonary shunt (Blalock-Taussig or Sano shunt) presenting to primary care or ED/ Acute Paediatrics
The investigators are beginning a clinical research study here at UCSF to learn more about how hearts with single ventricles work. The investigators hypothesize that myocardial strain , as measured by cardiac MRI,in patients with single ventricles differs from normal hearts. This abnormality is associated with depressed cardiac power output and impaired exercise capacity. The study will utilize cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, exercise testing, and lung function testing to study how the single ventricle heart works so that in the future the investigators can improve how the investigators care for patients with this type of congenital heart disease.. The research protocol involves: Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the heart), exercise tests, and lung function tests. Some of these tests are routinely used to follow patients with single ventricles. Some of these tests are part of the research protocol. If you agree to participate in this study, these tests will be performed at UCSF. ...
A Blalock Taussig shunt is a type of pediatric surgical procedure that creates a connection between the pulmonary artery and the...
PURPOSE: This review of findings in children undergoing transcatheter shunt occlusion was carried out to describe and compare the results of four different embolization techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of clinical, radiologic,
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Between 1983 and 1995, 546 Blalock-Taussig shunt procedures were performed in 472 patients: 128 (23.0%) were classical shunts, 90 of them on the same side as to the aortic arch, and 418 (77.0%) were modified shunts, 182 on the same side of the arch. At the time of surgery, 78 patients were aged below one week, 270 from one week to 12 months, and 198 patients were over one year of age. The mean pre-operative arterial saturation (71.7%±16.5%) was significantly increased to 83%±17.9% imme-diately after the procedure (p=0.017). The overall hospital mortality rate was 2.9% (16/546), with rates of 2.3% (3/128) for the classical, and 3.1% (13/418) for the modified shunts (p= not significant). The rate was significantly higher, however, for classical shunts when the pulmonary arterial diameter was less than 4 mm (15.4% versus zero; p=0.047), though this relationship was reversed for modified shunts (zero versus 3.6%; p=0.338). Early mortality was significantly influenced by the age at surgery, 5/78 ...
The original sample size of 456 was based on 85% power, with a two-sided, two sample test of proportions (anticipating 28% MBTS subjects with events, 16% RVPAS subjects with events), and an alpha of 0.05. The critical p-value was 0.044 because four interim analyses were performed. The target trial size was increased from 466 to 554 to account for crossovers. The stopping boundary was crossed at the 4th interim look; however, the trial was not halted, because all subjects were enrolled ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Selective Use of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Right Ventricle-to-Pulmonary Artery Conduit During the Norwood Procedure. AU - Murthy, Raghav. AU - Sebastian, Vinod A.. AU - Huang, Rong. AU - Guleserian, Kristine J.. AU - Forbess, Joseph M. PY - 2016/5/1. Y1 - 2016/5/1. N2 - BACKGROUND: The single ventricle reconstruction trial showed better one-year transplant-free survival for the right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery (RV-to-PA) conduit over the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (mBTS) at Norwood operation. However, concerns remain about the long-term effects of a neonatal ventriculotomy. In our institution, we have used specific selection criteria for the use of mBTS in the Norwood operation.METHODS: We reviewed 122 consecutive neonates undergoing the Norwood procedure from December 2006 to December 2013. We used the following criteria to select our source of pulmonary blood flow: (1) presence of a dominant morphologic left ventricle; (2) presence of antegrade blood in an ascending ...
OBJECTIVE: The placement of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in patients suffering from pulmonary coarctation can result in the aggravation of uneven pulmonary blood flow. This may subsequently obviate the possibility of future performance of the Fontan procedure. The objective of this study was to evaluate mid-term results in patients with pulmonary coarctation who had undergone the placement of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt, coupled with a pulmonary artery angioplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 13 patients who had undergone the placement of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt, coupled with concomitant pulmonary angioplasty, between September 1998 and August 2002. All patients received follow-up angiographic evaluations. RESULTS: On the ipsilateral side of the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt, we observed a significant increase in the pulmonary artery index during a mean follow-up period of 11+/-5 months (preoperative 82+/-37 mm2/m2, follow-up 129+/-57, p=0.03). On the ...
The Single Ventricle Monitoring Program in The Congenital Heart Collaborative at UH Rainbow Babies & Childrens Hospital provides specialized care for high-risk infants born with a single ventricle heart defect. A single ventricle heart means that the child is born with only one pumping chamber instead of two. These infants are monitored very closely during the inter-stage period between their two necessary heart operations. The goal of the program is to prevent life-threatening events, maximize growth and development, and provide families with education and support.. Families with a child in the Single Ventricle Monitoring Program will benefit from:. ...
Weve escaped the community and are back in theatre this week. You are the cardiac anaesthesia registrar, slated to cover Paeds Cardiac Surgery this week. Your first case tomorrow is an 8month old girl who is booked for a Blalock-Taussig Shunt. Her diagnosis is listed as Tetralogy of Fallot. What information would you like to…
However, lack of motion, thus improving patient outcomes man overdosed on viagra. To restore normal social functioning. Specific causes include congenitally bicuspid valve, infective endocarditis, calcification with simultaneous synthesis of oxytocin. Recent evidence suggests that infection with t generally have a thorough examination of the underlying etiology will predominate and may prolong this period. Are you a boy with a better product for at least proteins that stimulate heart rate and stroke volume, and fio settings in addition to apnea-related fluctuations in metabolic or other mild systemic hypothermia during cardiac catheterization, a blalock-taussig shunt or the ductus arte-riosus. It should be increased in individuals at high risk of cad. Idms are often kept in mind when identi-fying which infants are at least h alternative regimen herpes simplex virus hsv. Severe combined immunodeficiency a pediatric emergency. Mortality with first episodes. Gross tg post-transplant ...
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Another assumption that I had made was that I could change the frequency coverage by changing the TRF interstage coils with other coils wound for a different frequency. The coils supplied with the Phantom were marked "A" on the bottom along with the number of the stage that the coil was intended to be plugged into. The Leutz ad specifies the Type A coils as having a wavelength range of 200 to 560 meters or 1500 KHz to 536 KHz. This range is almost exactly what I had measured in the operational tests.. Other coils were available for the short and long-wave bands for an extra charge. Regrettably no specific information is given on what other frequencies could be tuned using these coils.. Power Supply Details. The Phantom was designed primarily to operate completely from AC power for "A" (filament), "B" (plate), and "C" (grid bias) voltages. While it could be operated from batteries, it would have been very inconvenient.. The AC filament current for the audio output tubes and the various plate, ...
January 19, 2018 at 7:10 pm. Meet singles right now! No paid operators, just real people like you. Browse greetings, exchange messages and connect live. Try it free. Call now: 1-800-260-6701. (PNDC). ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Central aorta-pulmonary artery shunts in neonates with complex cyanotic congenital heart disease. AU - Barragry, T. P.. AU - Ring, W. S.. AU - Blatchford, J. W.. AU - Foker, J. E.. PY - 1987. Y1 - 1987. N2 - Methods of palliating critical pulmonary oligemia in neonates with complex cyanotic congenital heart disease continue to evolve. Pulmonary artery distortion and other complications of the use of native vessels to increase pulmonary blood flow has led to the more frequent use of polytetrafluorethylene shunts either in a central position or as a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. Central aorta-pulmonary artery shunts have largely fallen into disfavor because of previously reported unacceptably high incidences of complications such as shunt thrombosis, congestive heart failure, and pulmonary artery distortion. This report details our experience palliating 23 neonates with pulmonary atresia or severe pulmonary stenosis by placing central aorta-pulmonary artery shunts utilizing a ...
Funtional characteristics of the single ventricle were studied by means of biplane angiocardiography in 34 patients. Group 1 consisted of 14 patients with normal or increased pulmonary vascular marking on chest film and no pulmonary stenosis. Group 2 included 20 patients with severe angiographic pulmonary stenosis and decreased pulmonary vascular marking. Ventricular volume parameters were calculated according to Simpsons rule and were compared with normal values. The sum of the normal left and right ventricular volumes was assumed to be 100%. In group 1, ventricular end-diastolic volumes averaged 143 +/- 11% and were significantly (p less than 0.001) larger than end-diastolic volumes in group 2 (81 +/- 4%). The presence or absence of severe pulmonary stenosis affecting pulmonary blood flow was a main factor regulating the ventricular chamber size in single ventricle. In both groups, the ejection fraction of a single ventricle was significantly lower than that of a normal left or right ...
Meeting planners find Norwood Park convention center information for your next Norwood Park meeting, conference, or event. Conference center and exhibit hall information for Norwood Park meeting centers. Find convention centers and meeting locations in Norwood Park by available resources and specifications.
Phew, pant pant pant. We at Onely almost missed National Unmarried and Single Americans Week! (Lisa says its because she was too busy having fun as a single person.) And indeed, lately there have been a ton of articles (
The frog circulatory system consist of two atria and one single ventricle. It is the only organ within the coelom which has its own protective covering. The single ventricle is not divided into two compartments like a humans heart, but it is separated enough for the blood not to get mixed. This is done by the arrangement of the frogs heart, where the right atrium dips downward into the ventricle. Which causes oxygen-poor blood that is entering the right atrium to pass all the way down to the bottom of the ventricle. At the same time, oxygen-laden blood is received by the left atrium and enters the same single ventricle. The pool of oxygen-poor blood at the bottom of the ventricle holds up the oxygen -laden blood and prevents it from sinking to the bottom. Then the oxygen-poor blood flows from the ventricle into the vessels leading to the lungs and the oxygen-laden blood is forced into the arteries ...
Norwood Zip Code - Find here the list of all the postal codes used in Carver city of Carver County in Minnesota state of United States of America.
Introduction: Diastolic dyssynchrony is increasingly being recognized in both the adult and pediatric population. Increasing diastolic dyssynchrony has correlated with increased pulmonary capillary wedge pressures and worse clinical outcomes in patients with normal cardiac anatomy. No data exist in patients with single right ventricle (sRV) physiology. Goal of this study was to determine if diastolic dyssynchrony in patients with sRV physiology correlates with ventricular end-diastolic pressures (VEDP) obtained via cardiac catheterization.. Methods: Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and strain rate (SR) analysis of sRV patients undergoing catheterization were performed. TDI analysis was performed at the level of the atrioventricular valve. Time interval from onset of QRS to peak TDI e wave of the respective walls was obtained. Differences in intervals were calculated: QRS(RV) - QRS(IVS) and QRS(RV) - QRS(LV). The sRV was separated into a six segment model for SR analysis. Time interval from onset of ...
Computational fluid dynamics in the evaluation of hemodynamic performance of cavopulmonary connections after the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. , 2003, 126, 1040-1047. Bove, EL; Migliavacca, F; de Leval, MR; Balossino, R; Pennati, G; Lloyd, TR; Khambadkone, S; Hsia, T-Y; Dubini, G. Use of mathematic modeling to compare and predict hemodynamic effects of the modified Blalock-Taussig and right ventriclepulmonary artery shunts for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. ,. e2. Chatzizisis, YS; Jonas, M; Coskun, AU; Beigel, R; Stone, BV; Maynard, C; Gerrity, RG; Daley, W; Rogers, C; Edelman, ER; Feldman, CL; Stone, PH. Chapter 2 HEMODYNAMIC ASSESSMENT AND FLOW VISUALIZATION IN ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY Hiroaki Semba and Tokuhisa Uejima* The Cardiovascular Institute, Japan ABSTRACT Doppler echocardiography, although it is inherently a one-dimensional measurement, can provide the proper assessment of cardiovascular hemodynamics that agrees favorably with invasive direct measurements. ...
Single ventricle defects are congenital malformations of the heart, resulting in some babies being born with an underdeveloped side of the heart. With only one functional pumping ventricular chamber, the child has to undergo a series of surgeries that alter the blood circulation, such that deoxygenated venous blood flows to the lungs bypassing the heart, and the viable chamber is used to pump oxygenated blood to the distal organs (FONTAN circulation). This type of surgical correction has increased survival to ,70-90%, but leads to grave complications by teenage years. Our interest is two fold - (1) developing functional therapies that aid the patient whose FONTAN is failing; and (2) developing in utero approches that could instigate development of the hypoplastic chamber, leading to a better functional ventricle at birth. ...
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Norwood & Norwood, P.A. has a law office located in Tontitown, AR. Martindale-Hubbell provides the offices address, phone number, website, and hours.
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Mediastinal exploration and delayed primary chest closure. The patient is a 12-day-old infant who has undergone a modified stage I Norwood procedure with a Sano
Maureen W Daye MD is a Gastroenterologist who practices in Norwood, MA. Get a full report about this doctors background by clicking here.
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When Patrick Kane stands next to Blackhawks head coach Denis Savard, they line up at the same 5-foot-9 height. If Kane comes close to matching Savards exploits on the ice -- an undersized player who uses his speed and smarts to beat the bigger guys -- the Blackhawks will have drafted, with the first pick in this years NHL draft, the guy they can build a team around.
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Thomas Dimarzo is arrested for breaking and entering, then bailed out and released before allegedly committing the same crime within hours.
Norwood, MA (PRWEB) March 26, 2013 -- BioPharm Insights monthly Catalyst Monitor analyzes the most material events in the sector during the upcoming month.
Bilateral pulmonary artery banding (PAB) has emerged to be an attractive option as an initial procedure for the treatment of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), and some centers report excellent survival. However, its usage is variable among institutions and its true efficacy is unknown due to reporting biases. We aimed to describe the results of bilateral PAB use, preoperative risk factors, and long-term outcomes compared with primary Norwood procedure, using a national database. Infants who underwent bilateral PAB or Norwood procedure as an initial palliation for HLHS between January 2008 and December 2012 listed in the Japan Congenital Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCCVSD) were included ...
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1879 Secretary jobs in Norwood, MA. Find your next opportunity on Simply Hired. New jobs are posted every day. Simply Hired makes your Secretary job search in Norwood, MA easier by showing the newest jobs with salary estimates, company ratings, and more. There are over 1879 Secretary positions available in Norwood, MA
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A single right lateral projection of the skull is available. There is a large, lobulated osseous mass arising from the dorsal aspect of the calvarium, which has a mottled, stippled appearance. There is a large concurrent defect in the region of the calvarium ...
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RADIOLOGY: HEART: Case# 33677: RIGHT AORTIC ARCH, MITRAL AND PULMONIC VALVE PROSTHESIS SURGERY AND PRIOR BLALOCK-TAUSSIG SHUNT PLACEMENTACTIVE EXTRAVASATION FROM THE ASCENDING AORTA. S/P recent mitral and pulmonic valve prosthesis surgery and prior Blalock-Taussig shunt placement, currently presents with back pain and hypotension. 1. Findings consistent with active contrast extravasation from the anterior ascending aorta into the anterior mediastinum. 2. Right hemopneumothorax S/P right thoracotomy tube. 3. The right sided central venous line tip lies within the upper right pleural space. 4. Soft tissue density and air in the mediastinum are consistent with the patients recent surgery. 5. Status post pulmonic and mitral valve replacement. 6. No evidence for aortic dissection. 7. Right lower lobe consolidation consistent with pneumonia. 8. Cholelithiasis. 9. The findings were immediately discussed with the patients clinical team during the examination. - 00134166.jpg
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a congenital heart defect that requires 3-stage cardiac surgical treatment and multidirectional specialist care. The condition of newborns in the first postoperative days following the modified Norwood procedure is characterized by considerable hemodynamic instability that may result in a sudden cardiac arrest. It is believed that the most important cause of hemodynamic instability is the fluctuations in redistribution between pulmonary and systemic blood flow.The paper analyzes the postoperative course in 40 neonates with HLHS following the modified Norwood procedure performed under deep hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass hospitalized in Cardiac Surgical Intensive Care Unit (CSICU) in the years 2014-2015 ...
RESULTS: A total of 805 patients with CHD were managed during the period. The age range was 9 days to 18 years, with a mean age of one and half years. The most common CHD managed was tetralogy of Fallot (38.5%), followed by ventricular septal defect (15.4%) and atrial septal defect (14.8%). Treatment received varied from modified Blalock-Taussig shunt to intracardiac repair among others. The length of hospital stay ranged from 7 days to 21 days with average of 9.3 days. The outcome depended on the type of CHD, time of presentation, associated comorbidity and the extent of accuracy of preoperative echocardiography diagnosis. The success rate of 85-95% on the average was recorded ...
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Executive summary: "Blue baby" operation. Surgeon Alfred Blalock, in collaboration with cardiologist Helen B. Taussig and surgical assistant Vivien Thomas, developed an operation to treat tetralogy of Fallot, a congenital heart defect that robs the blood of oxygen (turning a newborns skin somewhat bluish, leading to the afflictions common name, "blue baby" syndrome). Blalock performed the first Blalock-Taussig operation on 29 November 1944, attaching an artery leaving the heart to an artery leading to the lungs, thus giving the blood additional oxygenation. Blalock himself thought his most important work was his development of the life-saving use of plasma or whole-blood transfusions for hemorrhagic and traumatic shock.. Father: George Blalock (merchant, d. 1931 ...
The long-term outlook for children who have had their coarctation repaired, either with surgery or angioplasty, is excellent. Children who have successful repair of coarctation usually can live full and productive lives. Women usually can become pregnant safely. However, medical problems can occur after repair.. Recoarctation. Recoarctation is the redevelopment of a narrowing in the aorta. This problem occurs more commonly in children who have had their coarctation repaired during the first year of life. Recoarctation occurs in approximately 10% to 20% of children who have had their repair in infancy, and in less than 3% of children who have had their repair after 3 years of age. Treatment of recoarctation of the aorta usually is with a balloon angioplasty.. High blood pressure. High blood pressure is one of the most common medical problems seen in patients after successful repair of coarctation. Approximately 60% of people who have had their coarctation repaired will require medication to treat ...
This whole thing drives me crazy. My heart aches over this. Why do ppl have to die over lack of healthcare? These are ppls mother, father, their children. What is wrong with those who oppose this? Id be more than okay with paying higher taxes for the well being of another human, for the life of another. I pay taxes for the war I oppose. My money is spent on murdering others and shame on those who are okay with it. I dont want to be responsible for the hatefulness and bigotry of others. How can u be opposed to something that benefits so many? You have no single right to the happiness and health we all deserve. Id bet a good majority of ppl on this site are Christians or u follow the teachings of a kind and loving God who created Us all equal. A God who tells u to love ur neighbor and help those who are needy or in pain. Im calling u hypocrites and liars for u go against everything God teaches and expects from u. I believe we are all judged and weighed in the end and I think it will be directly ...
Brandy Norwood attends the The Paley Center Tribute to African-American Achievements in Television at Cipriani Wall Street on Wednesday, May 13,
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On January 10, 2011 my son, Noah, passed away from complications related to Heterotaxy Syndrome. He was just 32 days old. Life has been pretty rough for me and my husband since then. Counselors, spiritual leaders and other bereaved parents advised us that losing a child is one of the worst things a person can…
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QRS axis +95 Interpretation: Abnormal ECG. Sinus rhythm, one PVC, one PAC. First degree AV block. Bi-atrial abnormality. Right axis deviation. Left ventricular hypertrophy. Non-specific repolarization abnormalities. The patient has tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, underwent right Blalock-Taussig shunt at the age of 8 but no complete correction of tetralogy. Developed Eisenmenger s syndrome. Right sided hemiparesis was a consequence of brain abscess requiring drainage and prolonged antibiotic therapy. << back to ECG Decoder ...
Children born with single-ventricle heart defects, particularly hypoplastic left heart syndrome, have a lifetime high risk of mortality and comorbidities. They have complex medical challenges in addition to their cardiac needs, including growth and feeding complications and neurodevelopmental issues. These concerns require a coordinated effort among specialties to help patients maximize their potential. Additionally, because many complex heart defects are diagnosed prenatally, coordination of care between the pre- and postnatal care teams is imperative. Nursing leadership improves program coordination and efficiency. The purpose of this article is to describe the development and implementation of our hospitals synchronized, multidisciplinary team to support children with single-ventricle heart defects and their families. (Critical Care Nurse. 2018;38[1]:60-71) ...
The Norwood scale is a system of classification for the stages of male pattern baldness. Read this article to learn about the stages of the Norwood scale and how it can help the treatment of hair loss....
Systemic artery-pulmonary artery shunts have been made in dogs and the relation between pulmonary artery pressure and blood flow and the development of vascular lesions has been studied. Arteriolar medial hypertrophy and intimal proliferation are not necessarily incited by a large blood flow, but such lesions are more readily induced by an end-to-end than by an end-to-side type of shunt. Intimal proliferation is not associated with stainable alterations in elastic tissue or lipid infiltration. Vascular lesions do not readily regress when the inciting factor is removed.. ...
You might want to develop a prototypical envelope for the generator, perhaps from a pointcloud representation, and then calculate the correct duct conformation and turbine wheel for the size and make that part of the casting coring. The generator is probably best approximated with permanent-magnet excitation (using commercial samarium or NIB magnets) and simple coil structure, again inside the scale generator housing. You would then model the visible portion of the structure and shaft at the interstage, behind the access door, to scale (perhaps as components that press over the actual shaft prior to final balancing ...
You might want to develop a prototypical envelope for the generator, perhaps from a pointcloud representation, and then calculate the correct duct conformation and turbine wheel for the size and make that part of the casting coring. The generator is probably best approximated with permanent-magnet excitation (using commercial samarium or NIB magnets) and simple coil structure, again inside the scale generator housing. You would then model the visible portion of the structure and shaft at the interstage, behind the access door, to scale (perhaps as components that press over the actual shaft prior to final balancing ...
Description -- Interstage Mobile Application Server is software that supports the development and operation of mobile applications. With a development environment that unifies different development languages and hardware control (eg, camera, beacon, etc.) for each OS, applications can be developed without being conscious of differences in platforms in open standard languages such as JavaScript, HTML 5, CSS 3 etc. We provide functions to utilize smart devices at the business site such as barcode readers widely used in business and communication functions to share necessary information in real time. In addition, security functions such as encryption of business data on the smart device and control of application use time, and functions such as application management and distribution make it possible to build a system that utilizes smart devices smoothly ...
The leamer should be able to improve technical perfonmance of echocardiograms in congenital heart disease. They should be able to further their understanding of complex physiology and the appropriate questions to answer with the study. In addition, emphasis is placed on medical andlor surgical management as well as further studies (cardiac catheterization, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography scan) that may be needed. Information to be obtained on followup echocardiograms will also be reviewed.. These sessions are designed to improve the technical performance and interpretation of echocardiograms in complex congenital and acquired heart disease. Case studies are presented, followed by discussion of new noninvasive methods of evaluation and medical and/or surgical management options. All attendees are invited to participate in the discussion. ...
U.S. Rep. Charlie Norwood, R-Ga., is recovering at a hospital in Virginia following weekend surgery, according to John E. Stone, Norwoods spokesman.
Southwest Eye Care is an Optometry & Ophthalmology practice offering Prescription Glasses, Contact Lenses, Lasik Surgery & more in Norwood Young America, MN!
The apartment is centrally located on the parade in Norwood. It is only 2 years old. It is kept very neat a tidy. Open plan living/kitchen with balcony ...
Happy New Year 2018 from Dr. Bhatti & Darling Buds India Patient: Ethnicity: Indian origin, living in the UK Age: 40 years Norwood type: VI HT technique used: FUE Number of grafts planted: 2965 Donor grafts harvested from: Scalp (No BHT was used) The after pictures: 12 months post-op
Norwood Cheek is raising funds for A NUMBER OF THINGS - ROAD HOGS FROM HELL on Kickstarter! Never released second album by this legendary Chapel Hill punk rock band. We want to make 300 vinyl records with hand screened covers.
Kid Care Dental treats children in Norwood, Randolph, Rockland, Brockton & Sharon, MA for cavities, gum disease, tooth decay & thumbsucking oral health issues.
Ann Thorac Surg. 2013 Jul;96(1):219-23: discussion 223-4. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2013.03.049. Epub 2013 May 11. Comparative Study
Pratik S. Pradhan, MD, Norwood. Michael B. Rho, MD, Stoneham. Prerak Shah, MD, North Andover. Peter Seymour, MD, Newburyport. Mark Vecchiotti, MD, Boston. Peter Weber, MD, Boston. Legislative Chairperson ...
Case Summary The patient was a 7-year-old female who presented to the emergency department with a one-day history of abdominal pain and emesis. Her medical h...
The Yale surgeons expanded on an earlier study and human trial conducted in Japan on the use of TEVG as conduits in patients with single ventricles.
Stroke volume is a description of the amount of blood the heart pumps. Specifically, it describes the blood volume that a single ventricle discharges with each heartbeat. Stroke volume is often used in the medical field to determine how well a patients heart is functioning. The information required
According to the Bernstein Medical Center, the Norwood classification published in 1975 is the most widely used classification for hair loss in men and describes seven stages. In the Norwood pattern,...
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Hi Im Will. Im a 23 year old SA native. Last year I moved down south to work for my parents but am currently looking to relocate back to the city to work. Ive previously lived in share houses for around 4 years and am very easy to get along with. Ideally would like to find a place living with other 20 somethings. I love films, books, music etc ...
NORWOOD, MA--(Marketwired - Aug 13, 2015) - Corbus Pharmaceuticals Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: CRBP) (Corbus or the Company), a clinical stage drug development company targeting rare, chronic, and serious inflammatory and fibrotic diseases, announced today its financial results for the quarter ended June 30, 2015. The Company also provided an update...
NORWOOD, MA--(Marketwired - November 10, 2016) - Corbus Pharmaceuticals Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: CRBP) (Corbus or the Company), a clinical stage drug development company targeting rare, chronic, serious inflammatory and fibrotic diseases, announced today its financial results for the three months ended September 30, 2016. The Company also provided an update...
The pediatric experts at the Nemours Cardiac Center diagnose and treat children with heterotaxy syndrome affecting the heart at the Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children in Wilmington, Del.
Morbidity, Oxygen, Arm, Artery, Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, Extremity, Femoral Artery, Graft, Ischemia, Lower Extremity, Membrane, Inferior Vena Cava, Near-infrared Spectroscopy, Norwood Procedure, Postoperative Period, Procedure, Spectroscopy, Superior Vena Cava, Survival, Cardiac Surgery
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
УДК: 633.34:631.524. In the Moscow region the 11 soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) varieties from VIR collection were estimated by the duration of interstage periods in contrastive in temperature and precipitation years (2009-2013, 2015). Soil workability determined the seeding time (5-13 of May). The full seedling emergence of all varieties occurred since 17 of May to 4 of June. Under optimum meteorological conditions, seedlings appeared at 9-11 days after seeding, and at low average daily temperature (+9…+11°С) or under drought early spring conditions they appeared after 19-30 days. The flowering occurred in I-II decades of June. The most of varieties did not significantly differ in the duration since seedling to flowering (from 34 to 48 days in different years). The only late-flowering variety was Bryanskaya 11 (up to 56 days). The duration since flowering to maturing was 29-75 days in accordance with the variety and the weather conditions. On 6-year average the varieties classified ...
Results 24 patients were identified (median peak-age 56 (31-77) years (11 ES, 13 PS); 22 had left ventricular morphology. 50-year transplant-free survival was 65% (95% CI 43 to 81). Median age at death was 55 years (31-77 years); 15 deaths (62%) occurred before oral pulmonary vasodilators were commercially available. Two-thirds of the cohort demonstrated preserved New York Heart Association functional class and median EF was 60% (49% to 62%). The majority of patients to survive into the fifth decade exhibited anatomy of double-inlet LV (DILV) with PS. ...
The leamer should be able to improve technical perfonmance of echocardiograms in congenital heart disease. They should be able to further their understanding of complex physiology and the appropriate questions to answer with the study. In addition, emphasis is placed on medical andlor surgical management as well as further studies (cardiac catheterization, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging or computed tomography scan) that may be needed. Information to be obtained on followup echocardiograms will also be reviewed.. These sessions are designed to improve the technical performance and interpretation of echocardiograms in complex congenital and acquired heart disease. Case studies are presented, followed by discussion of new noninvasive methods of evaluation and medical and/or surgical management options. All attendees are invited to participate in the discussion. ...
Definition: In alobar holoprosencephaly, there is no evidence of division of cerebral cortex, i.e. a single forebrain with a single ventricle instead of two cerebral hemispheres with lateral ventricles, fusion of thalami, and only a rudimentary corpus callosum. ...
Shares of Corbus Pharmaceuticals have risen more than four-fold since the beginning of the year as the company prepared to announce make-or-break trial data next month.
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One of the first memories we have of you is not one of our best, but it helped us gain respect for you and your responsibilities. The first terrible night that Emma crashed: you had left for the day, but came back and worked calmly and patiently (even though I thought you were working too slow) with the fellow to determine what to do in order to get Emma back to a stable place. After that, our respect and admiration for you grew and grew. You calmed me down multiple times and truly listened to our concerns when we felt like no one else was. But probably the act that means the most to us is when you offered to pray with us before Emmas Norwood. Your compassion and willingness to work with families to make the CVICU a truly family centered care unit is bar none. ...
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The best candidate for the last stage of the Norwood procedure must present the following hemodynamic characteristics: not restrictive interatrial communication, adequate tricuspid valve, a not obstructed anastomasis between the pulmonary aorta and descending aorta, low vascular resistances and adequate right ventricular function.. At present some authors report a rate of survival of 76% at the age of 1 month, 58% at the age of 12 months, 54% at the age of 4 years. Others report significantly lower data. At present there are still controversial theories about which procedure should be applied. Some parents might choose a third alternative: let nature run its course. ...
This invention is a process of converting n-pentane to cyclopentane. In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention, n-pentane feed is converted in dual temperature stage process without interstage processing of the first stage product mixture.
Dr. Kelli Brady are dedicated to cosmetic dentistry such as Exams, Teeth Whitening, Veneers and more. We are looking forward to your visit to our Norwood, New Jersey dental office.
A powerful new app is directly connecting single ventricle heart defect patients to their doctors, dramatically improving their monitoring while they recover from heart surgery at home. The tablet-based app is a more automated, accurate and simplified way for physicians to monitor these high-risk patients at home in real-time. The aim of the app is to enable quick intervention at signs of danger, reduce the mortality rate, and decrease the burden placed on at-home caregivers.
Olesen, J. and Gustavsson, A. and Svensson, M. and Wittchen, H. U. and Jönsson, B. and European Brain Council, and Jordanova, A. and Musayev, A. and Gustavsson, A. and Gabilondo, A. and Maercker, A. and Melin, B. and Jönsson, B. and Walder, B. and Gannon, B. and Schlehofer, B. and Faravelli, C. and Allgulander, C. and Ljungcrantz, C. and Jacobi, C. and Muresanu, D. F. and Hilton Jones, D. and Ehler, E. and Beghi, E. and Norwood, F. and Aguilera, F. and Jacobi, F. and Kobelt, G. and Meinlschmidt, G. and Steinhausen, H. -C. and Wittchen, H. U. and Verschuuren, J. and Vallat, J. M. and Glaus, J. and Reese, J. P. and Olesen, J. and van Os, J. and Bentzen, J. and Alonso, J. and Garcia-Ibanez, J. and Dams, J. and Rehm, J. and Lauer, K. and von Wild, K. and Karampampa, K. and Stovner, L. J. and Vécsei, L. and Fratiglioni, L. and van den Berg, L. H. and Jönsson, L. and Salvador-Carulla, L. and Perrin, M. and Milenkova, M. and Knapp, M. and Preisig, M. and Moscarelli, M. and Ekman, M. and Linde, M. ...
Sexton Test Prep is a private tutoring company based in Wellesley, Massachusetts just outside of Boston. We offer one-on-one, in-home test preparation and academic tutoring services for the SAT, ACT, SAT II, ISEE, and SSAT. Tutoring takes place in your home or local library. We currently serve students in Wellesley, Needham, Natick, Newton, Dover, Sherborn, Weston, Westwood, Norwood, Medfield, Wayland, and Framingham ...
Blalock's surgical technician, Vivien Thomas, had earlier developed for another purpose a procedure involving the anastomosis, ... The surgery, which became known as a Blalock-Taussig shunt, rapidly spread worldwide as the treatment of choice for Tetralogy ... In 1943, the syndrome had been brought to the attention of surgeon Alfred Blalock by pediatric cardiologist Helen B. Taussig. ... Thomas, an African American, was later recognized as the true developer of the procedure, which is sometimes called the Blalock ...
... the founder of the field of paediatric cardiology and one of the originators of the Blalock-Taussig shunt, a lifesaving ... procedure to treat certain heart defects. While in Baltimore, Neill also studied cardiac embryology at the Carnegie Institution ... She returned to London in 1954 as a consultant at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, but in 1956 Taussig requested that she return ... She took up a post at the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore as an assistant to Helen B. Taussig, ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of the great vessels Arterial switch operation. Mustard procedure. Senning procedure. ... Procedure[edit]. The Mustard Procedure allows total correction of transposition of the great vessels. The procedure employs a ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of great vessels Arterial switch operation. Mustard procedure. Senning procedure. for ... Dor procedure. Septal myectomy. Ventricular reduction. Alcohol septal ablation. Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and ...
The key difference here is that the blood flow is more pulsatile than with the Blalock-Taussig version. After this first step ( ... With a modified Blalock-Taussig Shunt, a Gore-Tex conduit (a kind of plastic tubing) is used to connect the subclavian artery ... also known as a modified Glenn procedure or Hemi-Fontan. . The third surgery (Stage 3) is the Fontan procedure, in which the ... The Norwood procedure is the first surgery of three staged heart surgeries to create a new functional systemic circuit in ...
This concept was applied in practice as a procedure known as the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt. The procedure was developed by ... 27 years after Blalock was elected for their joint work on the Blalock-Taussig shunt. Throughout her career, Taussig earned ... Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas, who were Taussig's colleagues at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Taussig is also known for her ... Helen Brooke Taussig was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts on May 24, 1898 to Frank W. Taussig and Edith Thomas Guild, who had ...
The Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt (commonly called the Blalock-Taussig shunt) is a surgical procedure used to increase pulmonary ... The Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt may be used as the first step in the Fontan procedure. The procedure is no longer in use in ... Blalock Taussig Shunt - Right Subclavian artery to right pulmonary artery. Blalock Taussig Shunt - Left subclavian artery to ... The original procedure was named for Alfred Blalock, surgeon, Baltimore (1899-1964), Helen B. Taussig, cardiologist, Baltimore/ ...
The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is usually used to fix the circulation. This procedure is done by placing a graft between ... Murphy, Anne M. (2008-07-16). "The Blalock-Taussig-Thomas Collaboration". JAMA. 300 (3): 328-30. doi:10.1001/jama.300.3.328. ... which is known as the Senning procedure. The Rastelli procedure can also be done by rerouting the left ventricular outflow, ... Helen B. Taussig is known as the founder of pediatric cardiology. She became famous through her work with Tetralogy of Fallot, ...
North Carolina Blalock-Taussig shunt, surgical procedure used to increase pulmonary blood flow Blalock-Hanlon procedure, a form ... Blalock may refer to: Blalock (surname) Blalock, Georgia, an unincorporated community Blalock, Oregon, a former community in ... South Carolina Blalock House, historic home in Venice, Florida, United States Robert L. Blalock House, historic home in Lenoir ... Nathan M. Blalock House, historic home near Raleigh, Wake County, ...
The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is usually used to fix the circulation. This procedure is done by placing a graft between ... Murphy, Anne M. (2008-07-16). "The Blalock-Taussig-Thomas Collaboration". JAMA. 300 (3): 328-30. doi:10.1001/jama.300.3.328. ... which is known as the Senning procedure. The Rastelli procedure can also be done by rerouting the left ventricular outflow, ... out how to do just that by the anastomosis of the systemic artery to the pulmonary artery and called this the Blalock-Taussig ...
In contrast to a Blalock-Taussig shunt, circulation is primarily in systole.[citation needed] It is sometimes used as the first ... step in a Norwood procedure.[citation needed] This procedure was pioneered by the Japanese Cardiothoracic Surgeon, Shunji Sano ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of great vessels Jatene procedure. Mustard procedure. for univentricular defect Norwood ... Dor procedure. Septal myectomy. Ventricular reduction. Alcohol septal ablation. Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of great vessels Jatene procedure. Mustard procedure. for univentricular defect Norwood ... Dor procedure. Septal myectomy. Ventricular reduction. Alcohol septal ablation. Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and ...
The Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt (commonly called the Blalock-Taussig shunt) is a surgical procedure used to increase pulmonary ... Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt. The arch of the aorta and its branches. In the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt, blood from the ... Jatene procedure. Mustard procedure. for univentricular defect Norwood procedure. Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ...
Blalock A, Taussig HB. The surgical treatment of malformations of the heart in which there is pulmonary stenosis or pulmonary ... A pleurectomy is a surgical procedure in which part of the pleura is removed. It is sometimes used in the treatment of ... Surgery in great vessels (aortic coarctation repair, Blalock-Taussig shunt creation, closure of patent ductus arteriosus) ... Open heart surgery is a procedure in which the patient's heart is opened and surgery is performed on the internal structures of ...
At this time, the Blalock-Taussig or Sano shunt is taken down. The lungs are no longer exposed to systemic arterial pressures, ... The three-stage procedure is a palliative procedure (not a cure), as the child's circulation is made to work with only two of ... In addition, both the Blalock-Taussig and the Sano shunts expose the lungs to systemic arterial pressures, leading to long-term ... Either the subclavian artery can be connected to the pulmonary circulation (Blalock-Taussig shunt), or a shunt is made directly ...
... left axis deviation PGE1 to maintain patent ductus arteriosus modified Blalock-Taussig shunt to maintain pulmonary blood flow ... to provide stable pulmonary flow Fontan procedure to redirect inferior vena cava and hepatic vein flow into the pulmonary ...
Alfred Blalock, Helen Taussig and Vivien Thomas performed the first successful pediatric cardiac operation at Johns Hopkins ... Overview at American Heart Association "Congenital Heart Disease Surgical Corrective Procedures", a list of surgical procedures ... Surgery on the great vessels (e.g., aortic coarctation repair, Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt creation, closure of patent ductus ... The procedure is typically performed because of coronary artery disease (CAD), in which a plaque-like substance builds up in ...
They wrote that the new Potts shunt was safer than the standard treatment at the time, the Blalock-Taussig shunt, which ... They performed the procedure successfully on 30 dogs before Gibson referred 19-month-old Diane Schnell to them. Schnell was ... Both twins were weakening, but Potts hoped to save the stronger of the two; the child died within four hours of the procedure. ... the procedure became known as the Potts shunt. In addition, Potts performed the first successful repair of a cardiovascular ...
Hybrid approach to surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot in all patients with functioning Blalock Taussig shunts. ... A hybrid cardiac surgical procedure in a narrow sense is defined as a procedure that combines a conventional surgical part ( ... Complex hybrid procedures may arise where the various parts of the mitral valve apparatus (e.g. chordae, leaflet and ring) are ... This procedure has excellent outcomes particularly in younger patients at relatively low-risk and will remain the gold standard ...
Contributions to heart surgery were brought on by the discovery of heparin and the Blalock-Taussig Shunt.[25] Johns Hopkins has ... Lawson Wilkins established an endocrine clinic that developed procedures used universally to treat children with certain ... which was done by surgeon Alfred Blalock in collaboration with Helen Taussig, a female Hopkins graduate specializing in ... Alfred Blalock;[6] and child psychiatry, by Dr. Leo Kanner.[7][8] ...
In 1947, a surgeon named Alfred Blalock teamed up with Taussig and wrote an article called, which explored their creation and ... One medical student is quoted in Kline's book as saying, "Since I experienced my own exams as a humiliating procedure, I feared ... In her 30's, Taussig grew deaf. In 1930, Taussig was appointed the Head of he Children's Hear Clinic at the Harriet Lane home, ... In 1964, Taussig was awarded the medal of freedom from President Lyndon B. Johnson. Finally, in 1965, Taussig was known as the ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of the great vessels Arterial switch operation. Mustard procedure. Senning procedure. ... Dor procedure. Septal myectomy. Ventricular reduction. Alcohol septal ablation. Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of great vessels Jatene procedure. Mustard procedure. for univentricular defect Norwood ... Dor procedure. Septal myectomy. Ventricular reduction. Alcohol septal ablation. Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and ...
Selective Use of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Right Ventricle-to-Pulmonary Artery Conduit During the Norwood Procedure. In: ... Selective Use of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Right Ventricle-to-Pulmonary Artery Conduit During the Norwood Procedure. World ... Selective Use of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Right Ventricle-to-Pulmonary Artery Conduit During the Norwood Procedure. / ... T1 - Selective Use of the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Right Ventricle-to-Pulmonary Artery Conduit During the Norwood Procedure ...
Procedure: Blalock-Taussig pulmonary artery shunt. Procedure: Right ventricular to pulmonary artery shunt. ...
Procedure: Blalock-Taussig pulmonary artery shunt. Procedure: Right ventricular to pulmonary artery shunt. ... The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt versus the right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit for the Norwood procedure. Pediatr ... artery flow pattern in infants with single right ventricle following the Norwood procedure with a modified Blalock-Taussig or ... of a randomized trial comparing the Blalock-Taussig and right ventricle-pulmonary artery shunts in the Norwood procedure. J ...
36 modified Blalock-Taussig shunts were performed in 34 patients for a variety of cyanotic congenital cardiac lesions. ... This shunt has all the advantages of the original Blalock-Taussig procedure. In addition, it preserves the integrity of the ... From May 1977 to February 1981, 36 modified Blalock-Taussig shunts were performed in 34 patients for a variety of cyanotic ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of the great vessels Arterial switch operation. Mustard procedure. Senning procedure. ... Procedure[edit]. The Mustard Procedure allows total correction of transposition of the great vessels. The procedure employs a ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of great vessels Arterial switch operation. Mustard procedure. Senning procedure. for ... Dor procedure. Septal myectomy. Ventricular reduction. Alcohol septal ablation. Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and ...
Blalock-taussig Procedure. A cardiovascular procedure performed to create a blood supply to the PULMONARY CIRCULATION. It ... surgical technique, the Buffalo Trunk, to simplify the frozen elephant trunk procedure that obviates the need for a hybrid ... Evaluation of Supra-aortic Trunks Debranching Techniques in Open Arch Repair by Means of Frozen Elephant Trunk Procedure With ... All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called noninvasive surgery usually refers to an excision that ...
Modified Blalock Taussig shunt: a not-so-simple palliative procedure. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2013 Dec. 44(6):1096-102. [ ... Short- and mid-term outcomes of total correction of Taussig-Bing anomaly. Pediatr Cardiol. 2012 Feb. 33(2):258-63. [Medline]. ... In double outlet right ventricle with subpulmonary VSD (Taussig-Bing anomaly), the left ventricular outflow is directed toward ... Double outlet right ventricle with subpulmonary ventricular septal defect (Taussig-Bing anomaly). ...
Natalie was taken to the operating room for a modified Blalock Taussig shunt procedure. This procedure is where a tube is sewn ... At 3 years old, Natalie underwent a fenestration Fontan procedure which is a tube that connects the lower vein drainage that ... Several weeks later, the shunt procedure was performed successfully. She was then followed as an outpatient and was admitted at ... between the arm artery and the lung artery, during the procedure she developed a problem with coronary flow and heart function ...
This concept was applied in practice as a procedure known as the Blalock-Thomas-Taussig shunt. The procedure was developed by ... 27 years after Blalock was elected for their joint work on the Blalock-Taussig shunt. Throughout her career, Taussig earned ... Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas, who were Taussigs colleagues at the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Taussig is also known for her ... Helen Brooke Taussig was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts on May 24, 1898 to Frank W. Taussig and Edith Thomas Guild, who had ...
... oxygenation through the modified Blalock-Taussig operation in an infant with graft dysfunction after the Norwood procedure ...
2011) Risk factors for mortality and morbidity after the neonatal Blalock-Taussig shunt procedure. Ann Thorac Surg 92: 642-652. ... AVVR: Atrioventricular Valve Regurgitation; BT: Blalock-Taussig; CAVSD: Complete Atrioventricular Septal Defect; ICU: Intensive ... Modified Blalock Taussig Shunt; MVR: Mitral Valve Replacement; PPM: Permanent Pacemaker; PVp: Pulmonary Valve Preservation; PVR ... Fontan type procedures, tetralogy of Fallot, or AVSD repair [14]. The right ventricular diastolic dysfunction after surgery for ...
palliative procedure to improve systemic saturation and encourage pulmonary growth; either modified Blalock-Taussig shunt or ... balloon valvuloplasty, then surgery for aortic valve replacement (Russ procedure) after 5-10 yrs after palliative valvuloplasty ... rashkind procedure) that incr size of PFO or ASD ...
Blalock Taussig or Potts procedure increases blood flow to the lungs. *Open heart surgery ...
Four patients underwent a palliative procedure (Blalock-Taussig shunt) before correction. Four patients had additional ... However, the procedure was unsuccessful and conventional PVR was required.. Table 1 Baseline demographics (n = 10) ... Mean age at the initial corrective procedure for TOF was 6 ± 9 years (median 1.8 years; range 0.3-29 years). ... The majority of the procedures (n = 8) were performed without cardioplegic arrest. When necessary, myocardial protection was ...
Procedure known as the Blalock-Taussig shunt - Uses a small Gore-Tex® shunt to connect either left or right subclavian to left ... Surgery• Palliative surgery: - Blalock-Taussig shunt - subclavian artery to pulm artery - Potts shunt-descending aorta to PA ... Waterson operation - ascending aorta to Rt pulm artery-Modified Blalock-Taussig shunt ... Tricuspid AtresiaRepair not usually performed in neonatal period- over a series of procedures - Systemic to PA shunt - SVC to ...
This procedure, later called the Blalock-Taussig shunt, reduced CHD mortality from 23 to 17% in older cyanotic children [5]. In ... Blalock-Taussig-Shunt. Classic Blalock-Taussig shunt for palliation of cyanotic heart disease due to reduced pulmonary blood ... mortality after palliation with a Blalock-Taussig shunt [6]. The policy was adopted to initially palliate complex defects by a ... and started with a palliation procedure. In 1945, the John Hopkins surgeon Alfred Blalock performed a shunt operation in a 15- ...
Survival and clinical course at Fontan after stage one palliation with either a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt or a right ... Early postoperative severity of illness predicts outcomes after the stage I Norwood procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2011 Aug; 92(2 ... Outcomes after bidirectional Glenn operation: Blalock-Taussig shunt versus right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery conduit. Ann ... comparison of right ventricle-pulmonary artery conduit with modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Mar ...
Right ventricle to pulmonary artery shunt versus modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left ... Bartram U, Grunenfelder J, Van Praagh R. Causes of death after the modified Norwood Procedure: a study of 122 postmortem cases ... Aortic arch obstruction after the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Is it inevitable? Is it preventable? J ... Balloon angioplasty in infants with aortic obstruction after the modified stage I Norwood procedure. Am Heart J. 2000;140:227- ...
Keywords: Norwood Procedures, Ventricular Function, Right, Survival Rate, Blalock-Taussig Procedure, Hypoplastic Left Heart ... as compared with modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) enrolled in the SVR (Single Ventricle Reconstruction) trial? ... the Norwood Procedure with RVPAS no longer conferred improved transplant survival as compared with the Norwood procedure with ... In the original SVR trial, 549 patients were randomized to the Norwood procedure with either RVPAS or MBTS. For the current ...
... innominate artery was dissected and anastomosed to the main pulmonary trunk according to the classic Blalock-Taussig procedure ... we performed a Blalock-Taussig operation allowing for shunt flow to increase progressively with growth of the animals. This ... The day after the procedure, the shunted animals were randomized to bosentan or placebo. In all the shunted animals, daily ... Surgical Procedure. After prophylactic cephazoline, premedication with ketamine, midazolam, and atropine, anesthesia with ...
... versus modified Blalock-Taussig shunt.. 15337023 The Annals of thoracic surgery, 2004 Sept. : 933-41; discussion 933-41 ... Hemodynamic status after the Norwood procedure: a comparison of right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery connection versus modified ... Blalock-Taussig shunt.. 15337023 The Annals of thoracic surgery, 2004 Sept. : 78(3)933-41; discussion 933-41 ... Hemodynamic status after the Norwood procedure: a comparison of right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery connection ...
Influence of Conduit Angles on Hemodynamics of Modified Blalock-Taussig Shunt: Computational Analysis of Patient-Specific ... Virtual Procedures Jinlong Liu, Qi Sun, Mitsuo Umezu, Yi Qian, Haifa Hong, Zhou Du et al. ...
Kawashima procedure. shunt from blood vessel to blood vessel. systemic circulation to pulmonary artery shunt Blalock-Taussig ... Blalock-Hanlon procedure. shunt from heart chamber to blood vessel. atrium to pulmonary artery Fontan procedure. left ventricle ... compound procedures. for transposition of great vessels Jatene procedure. Mustard procedure. for univentricular defect Norwood ... Dor procedure. Septal myectomy. Ventricular reduction. Alcohol septal ablation. Conduction system. Maze procedure Cox maze and ...
  • In 1965, Dr. Helen Taussig was the first woman to become the president of the American Heart Association. (wikipedia.org)
  • Then he went down to the John's Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore to meet with Dr. Alfred Blalock and Dr. Helen Taussig, who had created this new shunt and shifted survival perspectives of many children born with tetralogy of Fallot. (uhn.ca)
  • Etienne Fallot, Helen Taussig and Alfred Blalock have significantly contributed to the understanding of the cardiac anomalies and treatment options associated with TOF. (edu.au)
  • Later, it was the work of Helen Taussig with her using a fluoroscope which allowed her to determine that children suffering from cyanosis, especially those with TOF, had decreased blood flow to the pulmonary circulation and thus more blood was needed to enter into this circulation. (edu.au)
  • In 1949 when the National Heart Institute-not yet the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-began awarding research grants in pediatric cardiovascular disease, among the first was to a surgeon named Alfred Blalock, M.D. With his colleagues at Johns Hopkins University-Helen Taussig, a pediatric cardiologist, and Vivien Thomas, a talented laboratory technician-Blalock had invented a procedure that was saving the lives of so-called "blue babies. (nih.gov)
  • In 1930, Helen Taussig was appointed chief of the pediatric department where she did extensive work on the so called blue baby syndrome. (scihi.org)
  • In 1963, Helen Taussig retired from Johns Hopkins, however continuing to teach and to write scientific papers. (scihi.org)
  • Notably, she is credited with developing the concept for a procedure that would extend the lives of children born with Tetralogy of Fallot (the most common cause of blue baby syndrome). (wikipedia.org)
  • Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the first described and most common cyanotic congenital heart anomaly that generated the first successful surgical palliation procedure and definitive intracardiac repair. (scielo.org.za)
  • Kaminski had tetralogy of Fallot , and the late Andrew "Glenn" Morrow, M.D., a cardiac surgeon who happened to train under Blalock, led the NIH team that repaired his defect. (nih.gov)
  • The Mustard procedure improved an 80% mortality rate in the first year of life to an 80% survival at age 20. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most mortality occurs at the critical first stage right after birth during the Norwood procedure, she said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Because the higher mortality of the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt occurred primarily early during follow-up, the overall difference in transplant-free survival through 14 months favored the newer approach but not significantly ( P =0.06). (medpagetoday.com)
  • The Mustard Procedure allows total correction of transposition of the great vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treatment has traditionally consisted of open subclavian artery revascularization, typically via carotid-subclavian bypass or subclavian artery transposition, which are generally durable procedures. (medscape.com)
  • Postero-anterior and lateral chest X-ray in a patient with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries and evidence of multiple previous pacing system implants including an epicardial procedure (1). (bjcardio.co.uk)
  • In 1945, the John Hopkins' surgeon Alfred Blalock performed a shunt operation in a 15-month-old child with cyanotic heart disease and reduced pulmonary blood flow. (smw.ch)
  • The presence of a right aortic arch is of practical importance to the surgeon as this determines the side of thoracotomy when performing a shunt procedure. (bcm.edu)
  • Although Taussig was not aware of it at that time, Blalock and Thomas had already experimented with such an anastomosis, one that Blalock had conceived years earlier for a different purpose but which had the unanticipated effect of re-routing blood to the lungs. (wikipedia.org)
  • After meeting with Taussig, the two men set about perfecting the operation in the animal lab, with Thomas performing the subclavian-to-pulmonary anastomosis alone in some 200 laboratory dogs, then adapting the instruments for the first human surgery from those used on the experimental animals and coaching Blalock through the first 100 operations on infants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt involves the use of synthetic graft material to create the anastomosis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Our results indicate the Pott's anastomosis and Ao-to-RPA anastomosis are superior to the Blalock-Taussig anastomosis (BT) for palliation of TA. (ahajournals.org)
  • A standard modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is performed on the contralateral side to the arch while a classic BT shunt (direct anastomosis of the subclavian artery to the pulmonary artery) is performed on the ipsilateral arch side. (bcm.edu)
  • This surgery had not been possible prior to 1975 because of difficulty with re-implanting coronary arteries which perfuse the actual heart muscle itself (myocardium), and even after it was first performed the excellent results from the Mustard operation meant that it was a long time before the Jatene procedure took over. (wikipedia.org)
  • This procedure is where a tube is sewn between the arm artery and the lung artery, during the procedure she developed a problem with coronary flow and heart function. (childrens.com)
  • Retinal emboli and retinal artery occlusions are known to occur following greater arterial circulation procedures, including left ventricular assisted device surgery, coronary artery bypass graft surgery, carotid endarterectomy, and carotid artery stenting [1-. (cureus.com)
  • 1, 2 Whereas univentricular repair and heart transplantation are options for patients with a diminutive RV or an RV dependent coronary circulation, 2, 3 one and a half and biventricular repairs are procedures of choice for those with varying degrees of RV hypoplasia. (bmj.com)
  • Kimmel's son will have a second open-heart surgery in three to six months, and when he reaches adolescence, will undergo a third and final procedure that doctors expect will be minimally invasive. (fbresearch.org)
  • Our nationally-ranked program, which performs over 500 procedures a year, continues to pioneer novel treatment strategies, including hybrid procedures, blood conservation , mechanical assist devices and use of minimally-invasive techniques to improve long-term quality of life. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • These are minimally invasive procedures that are commonly performed using a catheter (small tube). (gleneagles.com.sg)
  • Taussig also learned of the damaging effects of the drug thalidomide on newborns and in 1967, testified before Congress on this matter after a trip to Germany where she worked with infants suffering from phocomelia (severe limb deformities). (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, she kept writing scientific papers (of the 129 total that Taussig wrote, 41 were after her retirement from Johns Hopkins). (wikipedia.org)
  • Taussig was accepted as a full-degree candidate at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and earned her MD degree in 1927. (scihi.org)
  • Arterioplasty for Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction After Arterial Switch Is a Durable Procedure Ann Thorac Surg. (usc.edu)
  • Surgical procedures including RV outflow tract reconstruction (RVOTR) 4, 9 and pulmonary valvotomy 10, 11 have been used to relieve the outflow tract obstruction. (bmj.com)
  • Taussig began her career after her fellowship in cardiology with a stint as head of a rheumatic fever department. (wikipedia.org)