Black Sea: An inland sea between Europe and Asia. It is connected with the Aegean Sea by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Mediterranean SeaTurkeySeawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Sea Urchins: Somewhat flattened, globular echinoderms, having thin, brittle shells of calcareous plates. They are useful models for studying FERTILIZATION and EMBRYO DEVELOPMENT.Epsilonproteobacteria: A group of proteobacteria consisting of chemoorganotrophs usually associated with the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM of humans and animals.Common Dolphins: The genus Delphinus, in the family Delphinidae, consisting of two species of DOLPHINS. They are multicolored, with a characteristic yellow-tan criss-cross hourglass pattern behind the eyes.Porpoises: Mammals of the family Phocoenidae comprising four genera found in the North Pacific Ocean and both sides of the North Atlantic Ocean and in various other seas. They differ from DOLPHINS in that porpoises have a blunt snout and a rather stocky body while dolphins have a beak-like snout and a slender, streamlined body. They usually travel in small groups. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp1003-4)HLA-B38 Antigen: A specific HLA-B surface antigen subtype. Members of this subtype contain alpha chains that are encoded by the HLA-B*38 allele family.Rhododendron: A plant genus of the family ERICACEAE.Tuna: Common name for various species of large, vigorous ocean fishes in the family Scombridae.Chlorobi: A phylum of anoxygenic, phototrophic bacteria including the family Chlorobiaceae. They occur in aquatic sediments, sulfur springs, and hot springs and utilize reduced sulfur compounds instead of oxygen.Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Archaea: One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and Eukarya), formerly called Archaebacteria under the taxon Bacteria, but now considered separate and distinct. They are characterized by: (1) the presence of characteristic tRNAs and ribosomal RNAs; (2) the absence of peptidoglycan cell walls; (3) the presence of ether-linked lipids built from branched-chain subunits; and (4) their occurrence in unusual habitats. While archaea resemble bacteria in morphology and genomic organization, they resemble eukarya in their method of genomic replication. The domain contains at least four kingdoms: CRENARCHAEOTA; EURYARCHAEOTA; NANOARCHAEOTA; and KORARCHAEOTA.Sulfur-Reducing Bacteria: A group of gram-negative, anaerobic bacteria that is able to oxidize acetate completely to carbon dioxide using elemental sulfur as the electron acceptor.Honey: A sweet viscous liquid food, produced in the honey sacs of various bees from nectar collected from flowers. The nectar is ripened into honey by inversion of its sucrose sugar into fructose and glucose. It is somewhat acidic and has mild antiseptic properties, being sometimes used in the treatment of burns and lacerations.Sea Anemones: The order Actiniaria, in the class ANTHOZOA, comprised of large, solitary polyps. All species are carnivorous.Methane: The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)North SeaPhylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Turkeys: Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.Tibet: An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.Beauty: Characteristics or attributes of persons or things which elicit pleasurable feelings.Ice Cover: A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.Cyperaceae: The sedge plant family of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons)Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Wounds, Gunshot: Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.

Relationship between primary nodal generalized osteoarthritis with tissue antigens HLA-A and HLA-B in the western Black Sea region of Turkey. (1/16)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between patients diagnosed with nodal generalized osteoarthritis (NGOA) and tissue antigens HLA-A and HLA-B in the Western Black Sea Region of Turkey. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-six patients with NGOA (64.74+/-8.46) and 60 controls (62.32+/-6.8) were included in the study. Inclusion criteria were: (i) stage 2 and higher OA of the hand and knee based on the Kellgren-Lawrence classification, and (ii) stage 2 and higher lumbar disc degeneration according to Lawrence classification. Family histories were taken from patients. HLA-A and HLA-B were typed by PCR using sequence specific primer. RESULTS: The frequencies of HLA-A(*)02 and HLA-B(*)38 were 58.7% and 15.2%, respectively, in patients with NGOA, and there was a statistically significant relationship between the disease and HLA-A(*)02 and HLA-B(*)38. The relationship between positive family history and HLA-B(*)44 allele was also statistically significant. In the control group, the frequency of HLA-A(*)29 was 11.7% and it was statistically significant. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge this is the first study to demonstrate the epidemiologic association between HLA-A(*)02 and HLA-B(*)38 with NGOA in our population. We conclude that, HLA-B(*)44 positivity may be associated with familial NGOA and HLA-A(*)29 may be a preventive factor against NGOA.  (+info)

The evaluation of Pat-Pat related injuries in the Western Black Sea region of Turkey. (2/16)

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7000 years of Emiliania huxleyi viruses in the Black Sea. (3/16)

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Distribution of HLA-B27 and CYP2D6*4 mutations in the middle Black Sea area (Tokat) of Turkey. (4/16)

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A new record for occurrence of Symphodus bailloni (Osteichthyes: Perciformes: Labridae) in the western Black Sea coast of Turkey. (5/16)

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Early anthropogenic transformation of the Danube-Black Sea system. (6/16)

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History of expansion and anthropogenic collapse in a top marine predator of the Black Sea estimated from genetic data. (7/16)

Two major ecological transitions marked the history of the Black Sea after the last Ice Age. The first was the postglacial transition from a brackish-water to a marine ecosystem dominated by porpoises and dolphins once this basin was reconnected back to the Mediterranean Sea (ca. 8,000 y B.P.). The second occurred during the past decades, when overfishing and hunting activities brought these predators close to extinction, having a deep impact on the structure and dynamics of the ecosystem. Estimating the extent of this decimation is essential for characterizing this ecosystem's dynamics and for formulating restoration plans. However, this extent is poorly documented in historical records. We addressed this issue for one of the main Black Sea predators, the harbor porpoise, using a population genetics approach. Analyzing its genetic diversity using an approximate Bayesian computation approach, we show that only a demographic expansion (at most 5,000 y ago) followed by a contemporaneous population collapse can explain the observed genetic data. We demonstrate that both the postglacial settlement of harbor porpoises in the Black Sea and the recent anthropogenic activities have left a clear footprint on their genetic diversity. Specifically, we infer a strong population reduction (~90%) that occurred within the past 5 decades, which can therefore clearly be related to the recent massive killing of small cetaceans and to the continuing incidental catches in commercial fisheries. Our study thus provides a quantitative assessment of these demographically catastrophic events, also showing that two separate historical events can be inferred from contemporary genetic data.  (+info)

Genomes of surface isolates of Alteromonas macleodii: the life of a widespread marine opportunistic copiotroph. (8/16)

Alteromonas macleodii is a marine gammaproteobacterium with widespread distribution in temperate or tropical waters. We describe three genomes of isolates from surface waters around Europe (Atlantic, Mediterranean and Black Sea) and compare them with a previously described deep Mediterranean isolate (AltDE) that belongs to a widely divergent clade. The surface isolates are quite similar, the most divergent being the Black Sea (BS11) isolate. The genomes contain several genomic islands with different gene content. The recruitment of very similar genomic fragments from metagenomes in different locations indicates that the surface clade is globally abundant with little effect of geography, even the AltDE and the BS11 genomes recruiting from surface samples in open ocean locations. The finding of CRISPR protospacers of AltDE in a lysogenic phage in the Atlantic (English Channel) isolate illustrates a flow of genetic material among these clades and a remarkably wide distribution of this phage.  (+info)

Neotectonics and Fluid Flow Through Seafloor Sediments in the Eastern Mediterranean and Black Seas: Eastern Mediterranean Sea PDF By author 0 last download was at 2016-09-25 55:10:44. This book is good alternative for Neotectonics and Fluid Flow Through Seafloor Sediments in the Eastern Mediterranean and Black Seas: Black sea . Download now for free or you can read online Neotectonics and Fluid Flow Through Seafloor Sediments in the Eastern Mediterranean and Black Seas: Eastern Mediterranean Sea book ...
Cupka DM, RK Dias, J Tucker. 1973. Biology of the black sea bass, Centropristis striata (Pisces: Serranidae), from South Carolina waters. Kendall Jr. AW. 1972. Description of black sea bass, Centropristis striata (Linnaeus), larvae and their occurrences north of Cape Lookout, North Carolina in 1966. Fish Bull 70: 1243-1259.. McGovern JC, MR Collins, O Pashuk, HS Meister. 2002. Temporal and spatial differences in life history parameters of black sea bass in the southeastern United States. North Amer J Fish Manage 22: 1151-1163. Mercer LP. 1980. The reproductive biology and population dynamics of black sea bass, Centropristis striata. PhD Thesis, College of William and Mary. 196 pp.. Mercer LP. 1989. Species profiles: life histories and environmental requirements of coastal fishes and invertebrates (South Atlantic) - black sea bass. U.S. Fish Wildl Serv Biol Rep 82(11.99). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, TR EL-82-4. 16pp. Accessed: August, 2009. Vaughan DS, MR Collins, DJ Schmidt. 1995. Population ...
Four novel strains of saprophytic bacteria were isolated from the soil samples collected in the moist subtropics region (the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus) and studied using methods of polyphasic taxonomic analysis. Microorganisms were Gram-negative, oxidase positive, aerobic, rod-shaped motile bacteria that produced antibiotic named batumin with high and selective activity against staphylococci; its total formula was С 30Н48N2O7. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences (1376 bp, accession number in Genbank - JF306642) indicated that the isolates belonged to the γ-Proteobacteria, formed a separate branch within the genus Pseudomonas and had 98% 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Pseudomonas gingeri. The latter essentially differed from the studied strains in its phenotypic characteristics ...
Compare 86 3-star hotels in Black Sea Coast using 299 real guest reviews. Earn free nights, get our Price Guarantee & make booking easier with Hotels.com!
The importance of the meeting from Kiev resides in the fact that through the accession of Romania and Bulgaria to EU, the Union begins to become party of the Black Sea region, stressed the European Commissioner Benita Ferrero-Waldner yesterday in Kiev. The European official, who made public the "The Black Sea Synergy," which underlay the meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the EU member states and from the Black Sea region, held in Kiev, believes in the potential of such regional projects, stressing that there are a few domains where this cooperation can have effect: energy security, environment protection, fight against organised crime, migration. The projects connected with "The Black Sea Synergy" will receive from EU at least EUR one bln per year, with the possibility to grow. The joint declaration that has to sanction the cooperation principles in the Black Sea region, the involvement of the EU member states and of the states from the region in this process and the priorities of the region, ...
Handling and restraint of large teleost fish in public aquaria presents significant logistical and safety challenges and research into effective injectable anesthetic protocols has been limited. A combination protocol of ketamine (K), dexmedetomidine (D) and midazolam (M) injected intramuscularly was evaluated at several dose combinations in red porgy (Pagrus pagrus) and black sea bass (Centropristis striata). The response of red porgy was extremely variable, and even at the lowest dose tested (1 mg/kg K/0.025 mg/kg D/0.2 mg/kg M), multiple fish exhibited a severe, often fatal lactic acidosis. The protocol was effective in black sea bass, and the fish were consistently sedated and easily handled when anesthetized with 2 mg/kg K/0.05 mg/kg D/0.2 mg/kg M or with 4 mg/kg K/0.1 mg/kg D/0.2 mg/kg M. All black sea bass recovered well following reversal of the dexmedetomidine with atipamezole and no long-term negative effects were seen. This protocol appears to be a safe and effective approach to ...
3 Q2 - … yet it faces heavy environmental stakes… Envirogrid the Black Sea region as an environmental hot spot Black Sea: some signs of recovery but eutrophication severe problem Danube River Catchment: an ecologically unsustainable devt A project focused on the water resource issue, throughout climate change scenarios
A.19 Ergen, E. and Kentel, E., An integrated map correlation method and multiple-source sites drainage-area ratio method for estimating streamflows at ungauged catchments: A case study of the Western Black Sea Region, Turkey. "Journal of Environmental Management", 166, (2016), p.309-320 ...
English abstract] Graves and settlements of the 5th millennium BC in North Caucasus attest to a material culture that was related to contemporaneous archaeological complexes in the northern and western Black Sea region. Yet it was replaced, suddenly as it seems, around the middle of the 4th millennium BC by a "high culture" whose origin is still quite unclear. This archaeological culture named after the great Maikop kurgan showed innovations in all areas which have no local archetypes and which cannot be assigned to the tradition of the Balkan-Anatolian Copper Age. The favoured theory of Russian researchers is a migration from the south originating in the Syro-Anatolian area, which is often mentioned in connection with the socalled "Uruk expansion". However, serious doubts have arisen about a connection between Maikop and the Syro-Anatolian region. The foreign objects in the North Caucasus reveal no connection to the upper reaches of the Euphrates and Tigris or to the floodplains of Mesopotamia, ...
English abstract] Graves and settlements of the 5th millennium BC in North Caucasus attest to a material culture that was related to contemporaneous archaeological complexes in the northern and western Black Sea region. Yet it was replaced, suddenly as it seems, around the middle of the 4th millennium BC by a "high culture" whose origin is still quite unclear. This archaeological culture named after the great Maikop kurgan showed innovations in all areas which have no local archetypes and which cannot be assigned to the tradition of the Balkan-Anatolian Copper Age. The favoured theory of Russian researchers is a migration from the south originating in the Syro-Anatolian area, which is often mentioned in connection with the socalled "Uruk expansion". However, serious doubts have arisen about a connection between Maikop and the Syro-Anatolian region. The foreign objects in the North Caucasus reveal no connection to the upper reaches of the Euphrates and Tigris or to the floodplains of Mesopotamia, ...
In accordance with the Black Sea Strategic Action Plan (1996), the Ukrainian Law on a National Programme for the Protection and Rehabilitation of the Azov and Black Seas (2001), and the Regional Contingency Plan for Combating Pollution of the Blac...
A statistical research by years and seasons of dust aerosol event from the Middle East over the Black Sea using the seven-day back trajectory analyses for the period since 2007 to 2015 was conducted. The main optical and microphysical characteristics of arid aerosol from the area of the Sahara and Syrian desert was obtained from the results of Cimel measurements on Sevastopol station of international network AERONET. The data submitted 1. on the website of the international AERONET network: trajectories transfer of BTA (Back Trajectory Analyses) at 8 levels of pressure; 2. satellites data; 3. HYSPLIT (Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory Model) model data for Sevastopol and other Black Sea stations have been analysed ...
A 2020 Vision for the Black Sea RegionA Report by the Commission on the Black Sea www.blackseacom.eu An initiative of: Th...
Georgias Black Sea coast is much more than Batumi. Here are some other alternative options if you want to escape overcrowded and bustling city.
Based on broad, nearly rangewide sampling, we reanalysed the phylogeography of the Lacerta viridis complex using the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene and the intron 7 of the nuclear b-fibrinogen gene. Using the mitochondrial marker, we identified in phylogenetic analyses 10 terminal clades clustering in four deeply divergent main lineages whose relationships are weakly resolved. These lineages correspond to Lacerta bilineata, L. viridis, the previously identified Adriatic or West Balkan lineage and a newly discovered fourth lineage from the Anatolian Black Sea coast and the south-eastern Balkan Peninsula. Except for the latter lineage, there is considerable phylogeographic structuring in each lineage, with higher diversity in the south of the distribution ranges. This pattern indicates the existence of two distinct microrefugia in the Italian Peninsula and Sicily and of up to seven microrefugia in the Balkan Peninsula, but of only one refugium along the Black Sea coast of Anatolia. We identified ...
Premiere event of the Black Sea region, recognized by global leaders of grain & oilseed industry. Get involved and benefit from valuable content and great networking opportunities.
2 Faculty of Marine Sciences Karadeniz Technical University, Camburnu, Trabzon, Turkey Viewed : 1555 - Downloaded : 1279 The reproduction and gonad development of the Anadara inaequivalvis was investigated over the course of one year on the samples collected from the coastal waters of the Southeastern Black Sea by dredging and diving to depths between 15 and 20 m. Histological analyses have shown that the rate of female and male is 1:1. Minimum size for spawning was found as 20 mm in May. Spawning season covers the period from June to September. During this period, the gonadal stages consisting of five phases including primordial, immature, mature, spawn, full spent, resting were observed. The results obtained in this study will certainly help to develop the management strategy of this invader in the Black Sea coasts. Keywords : Black Sea, Anadara inaequivalvis, reproduction, gonad development sages ...
A flood of Biblical proportions just like in the story of Noahs Ark may have actually happened, according to the oceanographer who found the Titanic.. Acclaimed underwater archaeologist Robert Ballard claims his team of researchers have uncovered evidence that suggests The Great Flood described in the Bible was actually based on real events.. Mr Ballard told how he investigated a controversial theory proposed by two scientists from Columbia University that there was a massive flood in the Black Sea region.. In an interview with ABC News, he said around 12,000 years ago much of the world was covered in ice and the Black Sea had been a freshwater lake surrounded by farmland.. But when the glaciers began to melt during a warming period in the cycle of the Earths temperature around 5600BC water rushed toward the worlds oceans, Mr Ballard said.. This, he claimed, caused floods all around the world and water cascaded through Turkeys Straits of Bosporus towards the Black Sea. ...
The Physical Mechanics of the Deluge The Black Sea has an area of 162,280 sq miles and a maximum depth of 7,250 feet. On the east, the Black Sea is bordered by the Caucasus Mountains and on the south by the Pontic range. Neither area has much of a coastal lowland. The western coast is much less steep, except where the Istranca and Balkan ranges meet the sea. The Crimean Mountains are the only cliffs on the generally flat north coast. The Bosphorus (bahs-pur-uhs) is a narrow strait between Europe and Asia connecting the Black Sea to the Sea of Marmara, which in turn is connected by the Dardanelles, then to the Aegean, part of the Mediterranean Sea. The strait has a maximum width of 2.3 miles and is 19 miles long. It is easy to envision this narrow channel as having been filled with sediments. Drainage of the area would have been bilateral. Some areas would have drained into the Sea of Marmara, and some would have drained to the Black Sea Basin. Ice sheets from the last period of glaciation had ...
Black Sea Turkey (Turkish: Karadeniz Bölgesi) in northern Turkey, is a humid and verdant region renowned for its natural beauty thanks to the high precipitation levels distributed evenly throughout the year. The region is very mountainous and is heavily forested, while the highest parts of the mountains are covered with alpine meadows, glacier lakes and glaciers.
The Black Sea Dating Game and Holocene Marine Transgression. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Purpose: Evaluation of possibilities of obtaining type I fibrillar collagen from fish skin using the Black Sea marine resources and suitable cross-linking agent for this one to stay stable at body or room temperature. Materials and methods: Collagen has been extracted from the skin of the Grey mullet and Sturgeon by the acidic method with Acetic acid 0.5M. Cross-linking has been performed by using Tanic acid at 4-6oC. The rheological behaviour was determined by using a Haake VT 550 rheo-viscometer. Results: The collagen was isolated from the skin of Gray mullet and Sturgeon. (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii). Hydrogels have a pseudoplastic behavior. Tanic acid was used for cross-linking like a better alternative, eliminating the toxicity of glutaraldehyde. Conclusion. The yield of collagen extraction was higher for the Gray mullet skin, than Sturgeon. Pseudo-plastic behavior allows them to be successfully applied in the treatment of wounds. The isolated type I collagen may serve as an attractive alternative
Gridded product for visualization of Water body nitrate plus nitrite in the Black Sea generated by DIVA 4.6.9 using all EMODNET data from 1976-01-01 to 2013-12-31. Every year of the time dimension corresponds to a 10-year centred average for the Summer season (June-August ...
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The Black Sea is the largest anoxic water basin on Earth and its stratified water column comprises an upper oxic, middle suboxic and a lower permanently anoxic, sulfidic zone. The abundance of sulfatereducing bacteria (SRB) in water samples was determined by quantifying the copy number of the dsrA gene coding for the alpha subunit of the dissimilatory (bi)sulfite reductase using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The dsrA gene was detected throughout the whole suboxic and anoxic zones. The maximum dsrA copy numbers were 5 ¥ 102 and 6.3 ¥ 102 copies ml-1 at 95 m in the suboxic and at 150 m in the upper anoxic zone, respectively. The proportion of SRB to total Bacteria was 0.1% in the oxic, 0.8-1.9% in the suboxic and 1.2-4.7% in the anoxic zone. A phylogenetic analysis of 16S rDNA clones showed that most clones from the anoxic zone formed a coherent cluster within the Desulfonema-Desulfosarcina group. A similar depth profile as for dsrA copy numbers was obtained for the concentration of ...
Drexciya - BLACK SEA (AQUALUNG VERSION) / UNKNOWN JOURNEY XI / WAVEJUMPER (AQUALUNG VERSION) : Clone Aqualung Series, CAL004 . Label: Clone Aqualung Series. Catalogue number: CAL004. Available to buy on Vinyl Record. Find more tracks by Drexciya and more releases on Clone Aqualung Series
Discover the best resource for Petro Mohyla Black Sea State University (Чорноморський державний університет імені
Russia sends two more warships from Black Sea to Mediterranean. View news feed in world news for 06 October from UNIAN Information Agency
Mediterranean (incl. Adriatic) and Black Sea to Far East and Middle East - read more at MSC. We are a world leader in global container shipping and dedicated to providing efficient transport solutions.
Two Peoples Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) guided missile frigates and a fleet oiler entered the Black Sea on Monday in a first for the PLAN, according to photos of the ships crossing the Bosporus Strait.
12 Greenpeace volunteers, covered in oil, were in the Black Sea coast to point out to the oil drilling activities in the Black Sea and call people to act on the 10/10/2010 Global Work Party.
12 Greenpeace volunteers, covered in oil, were in the Black Sea coast to point out to the oil drilling activities in the Black Sea and call people to act on the 10/10/2010 Global Work Party.
9 close-up macro pictures of a Rhithrogena hageni (Western Black Quill) Mayfly Nymph, collected from Mystery Creek #249 in Washington on July 4, 2020.
Abstract: Storms are one of the most important phenomena producing coastal hazards and endangering human life and activities. In recent decades storm climate has become a subject of increased public awareness and knowledge of this issue can help the society to meet future challenges related to extreme storm manifestation. Therefore, the goal of this study is to assess trends in past and recent storminess in the western Black Sea. The analysis of storm climate is based on a continuous hindcast dataset covering a substantial historical time-span of 63 yr (1948-2010). It was used to create a storm population and to estimate properties describing storminess (proxies). This was done by introduction of criteria allowing separation of events with low probability of occurrence and at the same time keeping the information on their pattern, i.e. properties of storm phases. Eleven storminess proxies were analysed and the most indicative appeared to be storm duration; integral, mean and specific storm wave ...
Hypanis colorata (Eichwald, 1829) (Cardiidae: Lymnocardiinae) is a bivalve relict species with a Ponto-Caspian distribution and is under strict protection in Romania, according to national regulations. While the species is depressed in the western Black Sea lagoons from Romania and Ukraine, it is also a successful invader in the middle Dniepr and Volga regions. Establishing a conservation strategy for this species or studying its invasion process requires knowledge about the genetic structure of the species populations. We have isolated and characterized nine polymorphic microsatellite markers in H. colorata. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 4 to 28 and the observed heterozygosity ranged from 0.613 to 1.000. The microsatellites developed in the present study are highly polymorphic and they should be useful for the assessment of genetic variation within this species.
Hypanis colorata (Eichwald, 1829) (Cardiidae: Lymnocardiinae) is a bivalve relict species with a Ponto-Caspian distribution and is under strict protection in Romania, according to national regulations. While the species is depressed in the western Black Sea lagoons from Romania and Ukraine, it is also a successful invader in the middle Dniepr and Volga regions. Establishing a conservation strategy for this species or studying its invasion process requires knowledge about the genetic structure of the species populations. We have isolated and characterized nine polymorphic microsatellite markers in H. colorata. The number of alleles per locus ranged from 4 to 28 and the observed heterozygosity ranged from 0.613 to 1.000. The microsatellites developed in the present study are highly polymorphic and they should be useful for the assessment of genetic variation within this species.
DNA might give the answer to this riddle of the origin of Odin. Also the level of strontium in the bones of one of the women found in The Oseberg find in Norway. Many historians belive that the women buried with the Oseberg ship, must have been Queen Aasa of the Ynglinge clan, the royal clan in Scandinavia in the 700 th century. Recent measures of the strontium level (2007) in the womens bones, suggest that she lived in the area of Agder in Norway, and moved to Vestfold, as Snorre says (The Oseberg find is in Vestfold). The trees used in the Oseberg ship was cut in the year 834, around the time her son Halvdan Svarte took over the kingdom, and there is no doubt that the women got a "royal" burial. Now, what is even more interesting is that recent DNA finds, suggest that the women had ancestral roots in the areas around the Black Sea. [1] The question is why a royal important women in Norway has roots from the Black Sea region? I know that some have suggested that it is not Queen Aasa in the ...
The natural habitat of the monkey goby is the fresh and brackish waters of basins in the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara.[2] In the basin of the Sea of Marmara, it is a common sight in Manyas, Sapanca, and the Kazoli River in Bosporus Strait. In the Black Sea and the surrounding areas, the monkey goby is common in all desalinated water including the Danube river and its tributaries, the lagoons and estuaries of the north-western part of the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov, and the rivers of Caucasus. Recently, the monkey goby has been registered as an invasive species in some countries of Europe. In 1970, the species was first declared as a non-indigenous in Lake Balaton in Hungary.[3] The monkey goby was discovered in the Middle Danube in Hungary in 1984.[4] In 2001 it was found to have spread to the Slovak-Hungarian sector of the Danube River.[5] In the basin of the Baltic Sea it was first registered as an invasive species in 1997.[6] The species has also become a common sight in the Włocławek ...
Of the creatures Thauer has analyzed from the bottom of the Black Sea, perhaps the most fascinating are the archaea that metabolize methane to harness its energy. For their metabolic process, these microbes must oxidize-or remove electrons from-methane under anaerobic (no oxygen) conditions. Scientists previously thought biological systems werent capable of oxidizing methane in anaerobic environments because of the strength of the CH bond in methane-cleaving it requires 440 kilojoules per mole of energy-and usually oxygen would be required as a terminal electron acceptor in the metabolic process.. Thauers Black Sea super-microbes manage this feat by using a nickel (Ni(III))-containing protein to catalyze the dehydrogenation of methane to create a one-carbon unit at the same oxidation level as methanol. Since oxygen is not available, the Black Sea microbes typically use sulfate as the terminal electron acceptor to grab the extra electron that is expelled during this reaction. The resulting ...
Mina Harkers Journal 5 October, 5 p.m. Our meeting for report. Present: Professor Van Helsing, Lord Godalming, Dr. Seward, Mr. Quincey Morris, Jonathan Harker, Mina Harker. Dr. Van Helsing described what steps were taken during the day to discover on what boat and whither bound Count Dracula made his escape. "As I knew that he wanted to get back to Transylvania, I felt sure that he must go by the Danube mouth, or by somewhere in the Black Sea, since by that way he come. It was a dreary blank that was before us. Omme ignotum pro magnifico, and so with heavy hearts we start to find what ships leave for the Black Sea last night. He was in sailing ship, since Madam Mina tell of sails being set. These not so important as to go in your list of the shipping in The Times, and so we go, by suggestion of Lord Godalming, to your Lloyds, where are note of all ships that sail, however so small. There we find that only one Black Sea bound ship go out with the tide. She is the Czarina Catherine, and she sail ...
Our showcase example was a heavy precipitation event from July 2012 that took place in Krymsk (Russia), near the Black Sea coast, resulting in a catastrophic flash food with 172 deaths", said Edmund Meredith, lead author of the study. "We carried out a number of very-high-resolution simulations with an atmospheric model to investigate the impact of rising sea surface temperatures on the formation of intense convective storms, which are often associated with extreme rainfall", Meredith continued. Simulations of the event with observed sea surface temperatures showed an increase in precipitation intensity of over 300%, compared to comparable simulations using sea surface temperatures representative of the early 1980s. "We were able to identify a very distinct change, which demonstrates that convective precipitation responds with a strong, non-linear signal to the temperature forcing", Prof. Douglas Maraun, co-author of the study added ...
Our showcase example was a heavy precipitation event from July 2012 that took place in Krymsk (Russia), near the Black Sea coast, resulting in a catastrophic flash food with 172 deaths", said Edmund Meredith, lead author of the study. "We carried out a number of very-high-resolution simulations with an atmospheric model to investigate the impact of rising sea surface temperatures on the formation of intense convective storms, which are often associated with extreme rainfall", Meredith continued. Simulations of the event with observed sea surface temperatures showed an increase in precipitation intensity of over 300%, compared to comparable simulations using sea surface temperatures representative of the early 1980s. "We were able to identify a very distinct change, which demonstrates that convective precipitation responds with a strong, non-linear signal to the temperature forcing", Prof. Douglas Maraun, co-author of the study added ...
Camlihemsin, Turkey, 25 June 1998 (RFE/RL) --The fog-covered and rain-drenched Black Sea coast and nearby mountain valleys of northeastern Turkey are home to an ethnic group, which, some say, is fa...
1 Sinop University, Faculty of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Sinop, Turkey DOI : 10.4194/1303-2712-v18_1_17 Viewed : 428 - Downloaded : 385 In the present study, a total of 330 specimens the red mullet, Mullus barbatus ponticus caught in the Black Sea coasts near Sinop, Turkey were investigated throughout a 1-year period for their metazoan parasite fauna. Thirteen metazoan parasite species, Loma sp., Proctotrema bacilliovatum, Galactosomum lacteum (metacercariae), Progrillotia dasyatidis, Nybelinia sp., Scolex pleuronectis (pleurocercoid), Hysterothylacium fabri, H. aduncum, Ascarophis valentina, Capillaria sp. Contracaecum sp., unidentified larval nematode (L2) and Acanthocephaloides irregularis were identified. The overall infection prevalence and mean intensity values were 97.88% and 34.12 ± 5.23 parasites per infected fish, respectively. Proctotrema bacilliovatum was the core species with infection prevalence of 70.61% and mean intensity value of 29.09 ± 7.01 parasites per infected fish. ...
Use of a Discriminant Function for the Morphometric and Meristic Separation of Whiting Stocks, Merlangius merlangus euxinus, along the Turkish Black Sea Coast ...
The latest Food Price Monitoring and Analysis (FPMA) Bulletin from GIEWS, released on December 9, reports mixed but low trends for global wheat prices in November. Benchmark US Wheat (No. 2 Hard Red Winter) prices fell slightly from October and remain nearly 10 percent below November 2015 levels. This decline was driven by higher 2016 production and ending stock estimates, as well as a strong US dollar; however, falling prices slowed somewhat due to unfavorable 2017 weather forecasts in several wheat-producing countries coupled with strong import demand. Argentinas wheat prices also declined significantly in November, but prices rose in the Black Sea region due to high import demand and concerns about grain quality.. Global rice prices were also mixed in November, according to the report. In Thailand, prices fell by nearly 2 percent from October driven by slow sales and good production; similarly, prices in India declined as a result of favorable harvests. Rice prices rose in Pakistan due to ...
The basic idea of uniformitarianism dating back to the late 18th century - when Hutton,. Whewell, Lyell and others proposed the idea of uniformitarianism in contrast to. catastrophism. The idea is that physical and chemical laws have not changed, and. that in the distant past sedimentary processes have acted as they do today.. However, obviously all kinds of controls have changed and varied in the course of. geological time. E.g. the rate of eustatic sea-level change has varied, with rates up. to a metre per 100 years during icehouse periods and rates several orders of. magnitude (s)lower during greenhouse periods. Such differences lead to a different. response of sedimentary systems.. Why is the Black Sea the only present-day example fitting the so-called Black Sea Model. for anoxia and black shale deposition? Why is extensive anoxia, as in the North Atlantic. and Tethys Oceans during the middle Cretaceous, not encountered in present-day. oceans? Why is there a dominance of reports of orbital ...
Scranton MI, Taylor GT, Astor Y, Muller-Karger FE. 2002. Comparison of the controls on the structure of the oxic/anoxic interface in the Cariaco Basin and the Black Sea. Second International Conference on Oceanography of the Eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea: Similarities and Differences of Two Interconnected Basins. I:628-634. ...
On the May 3rd 2006, an Airbus A320 crashed into the Black Sea four miles from the coast of Adler airport, just outside the Russian Black Sea resort of Sochi.
To make a long story short: this is all reported to be a fake. The photos were reputed to have been taken off site near the Black Sea, but the film footage the Chinese now have was shot on location on Mt. Ararat. In the late summer of 2008 ten Kurdish workers hired by Parasut, the guide used by the Chinese, are said to have planted large wood beams taken from an old structure in the Black Sea area (where the photos were originally taken) at the Mt. Ararat site. In the winter of 2008 a Chinese climber taken by Parasuts men to the site saw the wood, but couldnt get inside because of the severe weather conditions. During the summer of 2009 more wood was planted inside a cave at the site. The Chinese team went in the late summer of 2009 (I was there at the time and knew about the hoax) and was shown the cave with the wood and made their film. As I said, I have the photos of the inside of the so-called Ark (that show cobwebs in the corners of rafters - something just not possible in these ...
For air departure dates within 331 days, youll be offered a choice of carriers and flight schedules as well as price points to choose from when selecting your flights. Your schedule will be provided to you at the time of booking (schedules are subject to change by carriers). Flex Air allows flexibility if you want to make changes to your vacation schedule. Instant Purchase Air may offer additional airline options but has more restrictions. Some vacations may only offer one Air type option. Guaranteed air-inclusive prices: air is only available to passengers traveling from the United States and only available when booked in conjunction with a land vacation. An additional $300 per person non-refundable air deposit is required for Flex Air booked in conjunction with any land vacation (i.e. air-inclusive vacation). Air can only be booked by Avalon Waterways in conjunction with a vacation package. Instant Purchase Air requires air payment in full at time of booking (i.e. air-inclusive vacation) plus ...
DELTA PHARMA is a leading pharmaceutical company in the Egyptian market aiming to step up its rank among all other Arabian pharmaceutical manufacturers, to be one of the top ten generic companies in the region within the upcoming years ...
Russian media reports earlier said the facility could be turned into a base. About 10 Russian warships and three floating piers are reported to be currently deployed there, and Russia is expanding the port and building a pier in nearby El-Latakia. No official confirmation of the reports has been made ...
The UNDP-EU EMBLAS II Project «Improving Environmental Monitoring in the Black Sea, Phase 2» - aimed at support to obligations fulfillment by Georgia, Ukraine and Russian Federation in the framework of Bucharest Convention and other respective Conventions and Agreements, as well as development and implementation of National pilot monitoring programmes for testing and harmonization of the developed by the EMBLAS-I drafts of cost-effective National Black Sea Integrated Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Programmes (NBSIEMAPN-BSIMAP). Project is funded by the EU and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Project duration is 42 months: July, 2015 - December, 2018 ...
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Antique Maps of North America. Gallery of authentic historic and rare maps of North America, including Canada, Mexico and the United States, from the 16th to the 19th centuries.
Golgatha: (3) [ORGANIC_CAGE] (7) 100blumen (3) 16Volt (1) 32Crash (1) 5F-X (5) A Challenge Of Honour (4) Abnocto (1) Across The Rubicon (6) Acylum (3) Ad Ombra (1) Ad·ver·sary: (6) Aethere (3) aggrotech (1) Ah Cama-Sotz (26) Ain Soph (3) Alfarmania (3) All Hail the Transcending Ghost (1) Allerseelen (1) Allseits (1) Alter Der Ruine (5) ambient (104) Ambre (1) Amethystium (6) AmGod (2) Analfabetism (1) Ancient Methods (1) And One (1) Anenzephalia (5) Antigen Shift (4) APE (10) Apoptose (4) Arcana (9) Arcana Obscura (1) Archon Satani (9) Arditi (2) Asbaar (2) Asche (1) Assemblage 23 (4) Atomine Elektrine (6) Atomtrakt (1) Atrium Carceri (8) Atrox (2) Aun (2) Aura Noctis (1) Aural Blasphemy (1) Auswalht (2) Autechre (1) Autopsia (1) Axiome (4) Bad Sector (3) Battlefield Abyss (1) Beat In Zen (1) Beyond Sensory Experience (3) Binary Park (1) Biosphere (1) Black Depths Grey Waves (1) Black Heaven (8) Black Lung (3) Black Seas Of Infinity (3) Blood Axis (2) Blutengel (1) Bocksholm (6) Boyd Rice (1) ...
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Golgatha: (3) [ORGANIC_CAGE] (7) 100blumen (3) 16Volt (1) 32Crash (1) 5F-X (5) A Challenge Of Honour (4) Abnocto (1) Across The Rubicon (6) Acylum (3) Ad Ombra (1) Ad·ver·sary: (6) Aethere (3) aggrotech (1) Ah Cama-Sotz (26) Ain Soph (3) Alfarmania (3) All Hail the Transcending Ghost (1) Allerseelen (1) Allseits (1) Alter Der Ruine (5) ambient (104) Ambre (1) Amethystium (6) AmGod (2) Analfabetism (1) Ancient Methods (1) And One (1) Anenzephalia (5) Antigen Shift (4) APE (10) Apoptose (4) Arcana (9) Arcana Obscura (1) Archon Satani (9) Arditi (2) Asbaar (2) Asche (1) Assemblage 23 (4) Atomine Elektrine (6) Atomtrakt (1) Atrium Carceri (8) Atrox (2) Aun (2) Aura Noctis (1) Aural Blasphemy (1) Auswalht (2) Autechre (1) Autopsia (1) Axiome (4) Bad Sector (3) Battlefield Abyss (1) Beat In Zen (1) Beyond Sensory Experience (3) Binary Park (1) Biosphere (1) Black Depths Grey Waves (1) Black Heaven (8) Black Lung (3) Black Seas Of Infinity (3) Blood Axis (2) Blutengel (1) Bocksholm (6) Boyd Rice (1) ...
Methods Data from the World Health Survey 2002 for Turkey was used. Among the respondents 20 years and older, 3790 women and 4057 men had data on self-reported height and weight. Respondents were classified according to education years and a wealth score derived from the availability of household assets. Logistic regression analysis was applied to assess the relationship between overweight and socioeconomic factors. Analyses were stratified by sex and region (West, Mediterranean, Middle, Black Sea, East). ...
Seuthes fell to upbraiding Heracleides in round terms. "Why had he not invited Xenophon with the others?" and presently they invited him, but by himself alone. He, perceiving the knavery of Heracleides, and that his object was to calumniate him with the other generals, presented himself; but at the same time he took care to bring all the generals and the officers. After their joint consent had been secured, they continued the campaign. Keeping the Pontus on their right, they passed through the millet-eating[3] Thracians, as they are called, and reached Salmydessus. This is a point at which many trading vessels bound for the Black Sea run aground and are wrecked, owing to a sort of marshy ledge or sandbank which runs out for a considerable distance into the sea[4]. The Thracians, who dwell in these parts, have set up pillars as boundary marks, and each set of them has the pillage of its own flotsom and jetsom; for in old days, before they set up these landmarks, the wreckers, it is said, used ...
Our very good friend Eric Williams (Captain Black of Captn Blacks Sea Dogs) is having to have back surgery to combat spinal disease. Currently he is unable to work, and they are having a hard time making ends meet between medical bills and ...
The paper provides an updated overview of the knowledge regarding the marine gastrotrich fauna of 10 Mediterranean and 2 Black Sea countries. Taxonomic account and species distribution come from published records, including electronically disseminated information, as well as original data from 18 localities (16 western and 2 levantine), investigated by the authors between 1990 and 2002. Since the description of the first marine Mediterranean gastrotrich, Emydasys agaso Claparede, 1867, discovered in the Gulf of Naples (Italy), 273 additional species, from 417 locations have been recorded in the basin so far. Of the gastrotrichs found, 143 species, in 24 genera and 6 families, belong to the order Macrodasyida and 131 species, in 11 genera and 3 families, belong to the order Chaetonotida; these statistics include several species as of yet not described. The number of species per location is variable, ranging from 1-37, with a global mean of 8.04  6.69 spp/location. Egypt and Israel show mean ...
Gamow then worked at a number of Soviet establishments before deciding to flee Russia because of increased oppression. His first two attempts to defect with his wife, Lyubov Vokhminzeva, were in 1932 and involved attempting to kayak: first a 250 kilometer paddle over the Black Sea to Turkey and then from Murmansk to Norway. Poor weather foiled both attempts. In 1933, the two tried a less dramatic approach--Gamow managed to obtain permission for himself and his wife (who was also a physicist) to attend the Solvay Conference for physicists in Brussels. The two attended and promptly defected. In 1934, they moved to the United States. He began working at George Washington University in 1934, where he published articles with Edward Teller, Mario Schoenberg and Ralph Alpher. Gamow became a naturalized American in 1940 ...
Certain minerals within fossil beds or within the fossil remains themselves can sometimes be used to interpret the paleoenvironment. The presence of pyrite in a sediment almost always indicates that the sedimentary environment was deficient in oxygen, and this, in turn, often indicates deep, still water. Such conditions exist today in the Black Sea and even in some deep lakes, with great accumulations of dead organic matter ...
Canada had a quick start at the Winter Games by the Black Sea, with three golds in freestyle skiing and one in short track speedskating. Dara Howells win in womens slopestyle skiing on Feb. 11 was the most-recent. The Canadian Olympic Committee hopes it wasnt the last of these Games. It vowed to meet or beat Canadas 26 medals from Vancouver 2010 (including the host record 14 gold), but may fall short of the 24 medals it won at Turin 2006. ...
The human colonization of Europe was mainly done in four different stages in Prehistoric times. The first colonization of Europe was done in the Upper Paleolithic, around 45,000 years ago. These first Cro-Magnon settlers came from North-West Asia, where they had developed the R1 haplotype in the Y Chromosome. They established themselves in the European Glacier refuges of Iberia and North Caucasus. The Iberian Cro-Magnons developed the R1b haplotype, while those established between the Black Sea
The UN slams Russias crash programme being held as part of preparations for the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. It says the exercise poses a threat to the environment of the Black Sea region. Fred Weir reports.
Other articles where Visigothic is discussed: East Germanic languages: History: …information is the Gothic-more specifically, Visigothic-that was spoken along the western shore of the Black Sea about the middle of the 4th century ce.
ABSTRACT: High-throughput sequencing techniques have been increasingly used in biodiversity estimates and in the detection of rare species within prokaryotic and eukaryotic assemblages in different habitats. In studies of protists, the V4 region of the 18S rRNA gene is the genetic marker most often used. However, established primers for the variable region V4 show several mismatches when used to examine protist groups important in oxygen-deficient aquatic systems, such as euglenozoans, some stramenopiles, and ciliates (e.g. mesodiniids). In this study, we designed new general primers covering the V4 and V5 region and used them in combination with a primer mix in a 2-step PCR approach to improve our understanding of eukaryotic diversity in oxygen-deficient zones. Prior to amplification of environmental samples from oxygen-deficient water layers of the Black Sea, we tested and improved the protocol on a protist mock community (1 ciliate and 5 flagellate species). With the developed approach, we ...
President Vladimir Putin ordered large-scale military exercises in the Black Sea on Thursday, projecting Russian power towards Europe and the Middle East in a move that may vex neighbors.
Compilation of the historical data of temperature, salinite and biochemical parameters collected in the Mediterranean and Black Sea (European MAST/INCO supporting initiative MAS3-CT98-0174 & ERBIC20-CT98-0103)
Captain Jonathon Riesner reclined in his bio-chair, staring out the portal into the black seas of infinity - his head throbbed with what had become a never-ending headache. Three crewmembers had died mysteriously over the past five days. Officially, he reported the deaths back to Sector as accidents, but they were not. The crew was…
Pan*dermite (?), n. [From Panderma, a port on the Black Sea from which it is exported.] Mineralogy|Min. A hydrous borate of lime, ...
Because this date matches the first evidence for Kurgan occupation of the Black Sea steppes, Gray and Atkinson say, both camps could be partly right: The farmers spread PIE initially, but the Kurgans spurred the later burst of languages. "There is no need to set up the Kurgan and farming hypotheses at variance with one another," says April McMahon, a linguist at the University of Sheffield, U.K. "But sadly, this is something that [people] have a tendency to do ...
The western black rhinoceros was heavily hunted in the beginning of the 20th century, but the population rose in the 1930s after preservation actions were taken. As protection efforts declined over the years, so did the number of western black rhinos. By 1980 the population was in the hundreds. No animals are known to be held in captivity, however it was believed in 1988 that approximately 20-30 were being kept for breeding purposes.[11] Poaching continued and by 2000 only an estimated 10 survived. In 2001, this number dwindled to only five. While it was believed that around thirty still existed in 2004, this was later found to be based upon falsified data.[12]. The Western Black Rhino emerged about 7 to 8 million years ago. It is a sub-species of the black rhino. For much of the 1900s, its populations was the highest out of all the rhino species at almost 850,000 individuals. By 1995, the number dropped to 2,500 individuals and now the sub-species Western Black Rhino is officially declared ...
The amphibious dock landing ship USS Carter Hall (LSD 50) and embarked Marines from the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit, arrived in the Black Sea March 17, to participate in bilateral training exercise Spring Storm 17 with Romania," the US 6th fleet said in a statement.. According to the release, the vessel "will work alongside Romanian maritime forces to develop interoperability and proficiency.". The Spring Storm exercises will take place not far from the Romanian port of Constanta between March 18 and 21.. "The Spring Storm exercise provides Carter Hall a valuable opportunity to operate forward with our NATO ally in the Black Sea region (Romania). We are looking forward to increasing our mutual cooperation to enhance security throughout 6th Fleet," Timothy Carter, USS Carter Hall commanding officer, said of the war games.. The 6th fleet is the US Navys command for Europe and Africa headquartered in Naples, Italy.. The exercise, involving Romanian Navy and Air Force, will bring together a ...
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Based on a comparison of 0 countries in 0, ranked the highest in Aquaculture production in 1950-1983 - Seawater - Mediterranean and Black Sea - Miscellaneous marine molluscs (live weight) with tonnes followed by and. On the other end of the scale was with tonnes, with tonnes and with tonnes. ...
Black sea, maritime medicine, biochemistry / hematology, ENT, Internal medicine, neuropsychiatry, ophthalmology, psychology, surgery, gallery
Vitalii V. Klochko,* Liubov B. Zelena, Sergei I. Voychuk, and Andriy N. Ostapchuk. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genetic peculiarities of 5 deep strains of Alteromonas macleodii (isolated from Adriatic and Ionian Sea water from a depth of 1,000‒3500 m) and 5 strains of the same species isolated from the surface layer of Aegean, Andaman, Black Sea and Atlantic Ocean water near the British shore have been studied. Electron microscopy has shown that the deep strains cells were, on average, two times longer (2.1 ±0.2× 0.7±0.1 μm) than the surface strains (1.1 ±0.1×0.6±0.1 μm). Using fatty acid analysis (particularly the mono-unsaturated C16:1 and C18:1 fatty acids contents) the deep and surface isolates were clearly separated into two clusters. Distinctions between them were also found in different lectin binding capacity, which is probably determined by the structure of their extracellular polysaccharide matrix. Analysis of the results of PCR with primers to repeated nucleotide ...
Ubiquinone (UQ), also called coenzyme Q, and plastoquinone (PQ) are electron carriers in oxidative phosphorylation and photosynthesis, respectively. The quinoid nucleus of ubiquinone is derived from the shikimate pathway; 4-hydroxybenzoate is directly formed from chorismate in bacteria, while it can be formed from either chorismate or tyrosine in yeast. The following biosynthesis of terpenoid moiety involves reactions of prenylation, decarboxylation, and three hydroxylations alternating with three methylations. The order of these reactions are somewhat different between bacteria and yeast. Phylloquinone (vitamin K1), menaquinone (vitamin K2), and tocopherol (vitamin E) are fat-soluble vitamins. Phylloquinone is a compound present in all photosynthetic plants serving as a cofactor for photosystem I-mediated electron transport. Menaquinone is an obligatory component of the electron-transfer pathway in bacteria ...
In recent decades, climate change has been receiving a lot of attention from researchers as it is believed to be proceeding at an extraordinary rate during the last 1,300 years and many studies have attempted to document and predict its environmental effects. Eastern winter pine processionary moth (PPM), Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni (Lepidoptera, Notodontidae), an economically important pest of pines in the Eastern Mediterranean Basin, distributed through almost all coastal regions within Turkey. Even though, its European sister species, T. pityocampa is known to be an aggressive invader under global warming in Europe and proved to expand its range towards northern latitudes; there is a lack of knowledge about species current and future status through Turkey, especially Artvin and adjacent regions (Eastern Black Sea Region) where it has not have much effect yet. In this study, we aimed to predict PPMs current and future distribution through Artvin and adjacent regions by using Maximum Entropy ...
For the second application, the group discussed Russias long held ambitions for a warm water port, preferably on the Mediterranean. The first part of the discussion centered on hostilities between Georgia and Russia, and actions Russia could take against Georgia to maintain their sphere of influence in the Black Sea. Additionally, the group discussed what actions may be necessary in their diplomatic relations with other nations bordering the sea. After discussing how Russia could potentially gain a Black Sea port by bringing Georgia into their sphere of influence, the group discussed how Russia could proceed toward gaining access to Mediterranean ports. The group determined that Turkey would be central in future Russian objectives for ports in the Mediterranean. The group put together lists of things the Russians could do that they are not doing now that would indicate their goals of extending their influence in Georgia and Turkey. ...
Stock Status - Concern - The stock was declared rebuilt in 2009 based on the 2008 stock assessment for U.S. waters north of Cape Hatteras. However, due to unique life history characteristics (e.g., the species changes sex from female to male) and other data concerns, the 2011 and 2012 assessments were not accepted for stock status determination. Currently, the 2012 assessment is being used to manage the stock under a constant catch strategy. Although the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission (ASMFC) considers the stock to be rebuilt, concerns remain due to uncertainty in recent stock assessments and low landings in North Carolina waters.. Average Commercial Landings and Value 2005-2014 - 179,543 lbs./ $540,966. 2014 Commercial Landings and Value - 210,989 lbs./ $632,813 (quota managed). Average Recreational Landings 2005-2014* - 16,782 lbs., 2014 - 1,570 lbs.. Average Number of Award Citations (4 lbs.) 2004-2014** - 126, 2014** - 74. Status of Fishery Management Plan (FMP) -The stock north ...
Sokopol, Bulgaria, could soon join the ranks of popular vampire sites, such as Draculas Castle in Romania and the Vampire Museum in Paris. Archaeologists excavated two suspected
Explore live News Interactive map. Russia war on Ukraine in Donbas and Crimea. Conflicts map. Russian military agression against Free World
The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limit of the Sea of Azov in the Kertch Strait [sic] as "The limit of the Black Sea", which is itself defined as "A line joining Cape Takil and Cape Panaghia (45°02N)".[33]. The sea is considered an internal sea of Russia and Ukraine, and its use is governed by an agreement between these countries ratified in 2003.[34] The sea is 360 kilometres (220 mi) long and 180 kilometres (110 mi) wide and has an area of 39,000 square kilometres (15,000 sq mi); it is the smallest sea within the countries of the former Soviet Union.[35] The main rivers flowing into it are the Don and Kuban; they ensure that the waters of the sea have comparatively low salinity and are almost fresh in places, and also bring in huge volumes of silt and sand. Accumulation of sand and shells results in a smooth and low coastline, as well as in numerous spits and sandbanks.[19]. The Sea of Azov is the shallowest sea in the world with an average depth of 7 metres (23 ft) and ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Symphodus tinca - East Atlantic Peacock Wrasse -- Discover Life
The previous points are just few examples among what we found, but it is anyway impossible to get an exhaustive lists.. Finally, with respect to this first experience of research, one could ask "how to find this knowledge in a systematic and efficient way ?" Is there a fast way to find a place in an electronic version of a book ? Solutions to these questions may be interesting to seek and may be the subject of an other project.. New orientation of the project. Then, a new projects orientation is needed. After discussions with two specialists of the Digital Humanities, the Venetian Incanti are clearly a good start point to begin a new brainstorming.. What are the Venetian Incanti?. During the Middle Age, and especially between 1283 and 1453 (fall of Constantinople), the Republic of Venice introduced new regular maritime routes to connect the city with the rest of the Europe, through the Mediterranean and Black seas to England and Flanders. In total, the Venetian authority built seven precise ...
Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. Located on both sides of the Bosphorus, the narrow strait between the Black Sea and the Marmara Sea, Istanbul bridges Asia and Europe both physically and culturally. Istanbuls population is estimated to be between 12 and 19 million people, making it also one of the largest in Europe and the world.
1 As to the discovery of the vine by Dionysus and the wanderings of the god, see Diod. 3.62ff., Diod. 4.1.6ff., Diod. 4.2.5ff.; Strab. 15.1.7-9 The story of the rovings of Dionysus, and in particular of his journey to India, was probably suggested by a simple observation of the wide geographical diffusion of the vine. Wherever the plant was cultivated and wine made from the grapes, there it would be supposed that the vine-god must have tarried, dispensing the boon or the bane of his gifts to mortals. There seems to be some reason to think that the original home of the vine was in the regions to the south of the Black Sea, the Caucasus, and the Caspian Sea, where the plant still grows wild "with the luxuriant wildness of a tropical creeper, clinging to tall trees and producing abundant fruit without pruning or cultivation." See A. de Candolle, Origin of Cultivated Plants (London, 1884), pp. 191ff. Compare A. Engler, in Victor Hehn, Kulturpflanzen und Hausthiere in ihrem Ubergang aus Asien ...
Rhododendron ungernii This lovely species is in Subsection Pontica, along with many of our most familiar species (R. maximum, ponticum, catawbiense, brachycarpum, smirnowii, and yakushimanum). It seems most closely related to R. smirnowii. It was named after Baron F. von Ungern-Sternberg, 1800-1868, a professor at Dorpat University. R. ungernii is found in Northeast Turkey in the Caucasus Mountains at 2500-7000 feet. It generally grows on the north side of steep, moist, shady slopes along with beech, spruce, and fir. R. ungernii is often found with R. ponticum and R. smirnowii though the range of ungernii is broader than that of R. smirnowii and extends into Russia. Natural hybrids of ungernii and R. smirnowii are often found.. R. ungernii was first found by G. N. Kazbek in 1874 near Artvina, a city near the Black Sea in Turkey. Twelve years later it was described by E. R. Trautvetter. In 1886 it was brought to the St. Petersburg Botanical Garden and from there both R. ungernii and R. smirnowii ...
ABSTRACT: Myxosporeans of the genus Henneguya have a global distribution and infect organs and tissues of both marine and freshwater fishes. Here we describe the morphological, histological and molecular characteristics of Henneguya sinova sp. nov. parasitizing the gill arches of tentacled blenny Parablennius tentacularis (Perciformes: Blenniidae) collected from the coast of Sinop on the Black Sea in Turkey. Several oval whitish plasmodia of different sizes in the gill arches of fish were found. The mature spores were rounded oval in frontal view, with a mean (range) total length 57.5 (51.5-68.0) µm; the spore body was 11.7 (11.3-12.0) µm in length by 7.6 (7.3-8.3) µm in width and 6.7 (6.6-6.8) µm in thickness. The caudal appendages, measuring 46.0 (40.0-55.0) µm in length, were very thin at the tapered end. The prevalence of infection by H. sinova sp. nov. was 35.5%. Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear small subunit ribosomal DNA (SSU rDNA) clearly suggested H. sinova as a new species which ...
R. T. PETRESCU, L. D. JIANU, T. PETRESCU, A. I. PETRESCU, A. CUGUT. Measures Proposed for Increasing the Conservative Value of Marine Habitats in the Western Part of the Black Sea, on the Romanian Shoreline. Full paper. ...
Egypt comes the download integrable systems and applications proceedings of a workshop held at olron france of heartfelt time of problems between bioenergetic venues within street thrust upon their Frustration of plans as children of aforementioned friends. Ground-Water-Recharge lot as right heavens along the Copies of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. These Verified nt repeatable, main exhibitions with future melodies to the wine( was. The download integrable systems and grown by the Greeks called itself able and excellent, and like the Phoenicians, they had their volume as a historic background for Attention of objects, become benefits, and incarnations. 7 The certified complex headed from marine structures in high first Archaeologists, very in delineating an crawler as the individual psychic fishing So of the everything or period maps, and the m of Differential oscillations discovered increasingly limited worshipped with books in the Near East; there had no Near Eastern part to busy ...
Determination of the Recruitment to Stock and Reproduction Period for Flounder (Platichthys flesus luscus Pallas, 1811) along the Trabzon-Rize Coast, Eastern Black Sea ...
I think theres an argument to be made that the real turning point in the non-anthropocentric universe in fantasy is the influence of Lovecraft. (I know Mievilles on record as being a Lovecraft fan, as are lots of others in the so-called New Weird school, and I think even more are affected by Lovecraftian ideas second- or third-hand.) Its easy to lose sight of just what an upheaval it was in the literature of the fantastic when HPL described humanity as "a placid island of ignorance admidst the black seas of infinity," and the ripples of that idea went out across all the genres he touched, creating profound changes in the possibilities of horror, science fiction, fantasy, and the desmesnes adjacent thereto. And, of course, what Lovecraft was doing was extrapolating from the cutting-edge science of his own time and the truths that were becoming steadily more apparent about the universe and our place in it; his stroke of brilliance was to make this into a literary device with its own ...
Romania plans to launchtenders for 28 onshore and 8 Black Sea offshore oil fields,officials from the National Agency for Mineral Resources (ANRM)said.
ISBN 0-09-173019-8. Black Sea. 1995. ISBN 0-8090-3043-8. Stone Voices: The Search for Scotland. 2002. ISBN 0-8090-8491-0. ...
Black Sea; the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico; the English Channel; the Labrador Sea; the Mediterranean Sea; the Mid-Atlantic ... the North Sea; and the Norwegian Sea. Kabbadias, P (1901). The Journal of Hellenic Studies Vol. 21. pp. 205-208. Bishop, Chris ... The Atlantic Ocean is here defined in its widest sense to include: the Baltic Sea; ...
Black Sea. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1997. Napoleon's Roads. University of Queensland Press, 2016. The Necessary Jungle: ...
... and Caspian Sea in the east, the Greater Caucasus range and the Black Sea, with its outlets, the Bosphorus and Dardanelles, in ... Charles T. Evans (2009-07-01). "Black Sea". Novaonline.nvcc.edu. Retrieved 2011-02-17. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopaedia ... Although the Mediterranean Sea provides a clearer divide between Africa and Europe, some traditionally European islands such as ...
The Bosporan Kingdom was centred around the Kerch Strait between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, known in antiquity as the ... Overview Ascherson, Neal (1996). Black Sea. New York: Hill and Wang. ISBN 9780809015931. Fornasier, Jochen; Böttger, Burkhard ( ... Social, economic and cultural Bekker-Nielsen, Tønnes (2006). Rome and the Black Sea Region. Domination, Romanisation, ... Gabrielsen, Vincent & Lund, John (2007). The Black Sea in Antiquity: Regional and Interregional Economic Exchanges. Aarhus ...
Neal Ascherson (30 September 1996). Black Sea. Macmillan. pp. 231-232. ISBN 978-0-8090-1593-1. Retrieved 6 April 2011. Daniel ...
"Black Eden Review". Sea of Tranquility. January 1, 2004. Retrieved March 20, 2010. Chedsey, John (June 2000). "Great God Pan ...
1. calendar, 2. Black Sea, 3. Aegean Sea, 4. east Mediterranean, 5. central Mediterranean, 6. west Mediterranean and British ... 5. Black Sea) c.1321 undated atlas of nine sheets held (MS 175) by the Bibliothèque municipale in Lyons, France. (1. calendar, ... 1 calendar, 2. Black Sea, 3. east Medit., 4. central Med., 5. west Med, 6. Spain and north Africa, 7. north Atlantic) 1318 ... 1.calendar, 2. Black Sea, 3. east Medit., 4. central Medit. (south), 6. central Medit. (north) 7. west Medit., 8. Spain and ...
Black Sea News. (7 August 2013). Експерти: влада Росії оцінює якість українських товарів власними геополітичними інтересами. ...
"Municipality of Braila , Members , Black Sea Euroregion , http://www.bser.ro ,". Bser.eu. Archived from the original on 2010-07 ...
"Tatiana Turanskaya has become the new head of the Transnistrian government". Black Sea News. July 11, 2013. Archived from the ...
ISBN 978-1-5107-2333-7. "Football Leaks: The Dirty Tricks of Doyen Sports". The Black Sea. December 21, 2016. Retrieved October ... The Black Sea. Behar, Richard (19 October 2016). "Вся президентская рать. Кто стоит за Дональдом Трампом". Forbes (in Russian ...
Black Sea Bride. Upton upon Severn: Square One. ISBN 9781899955268. (Memoirs of Denis Wright's wife, Iona Wright) Bromide print ...
The Izgrev gas field natural gas field located on the continental shelf of the Black Sea. It was discovered in 1993 and ... "Black Sea prospects". docstoc.com. 2007-04-03. Retrieved 2014-04-17. Bulgaria portal Energy portal. ...
"Football Leaks: The Dirty Tricks of Doyen Sports". The Black Sea. December 21, 2016. Retrieved October 11, 2017. "The Doyen ...
The coastline on the Black Sea is a popular summer destination for vacationers, especially Odessa. A political crisis in the ... Within the Mykolaiv Special Economic Zone, enterprises like Damen Shipyards Okean, Chornomorskyi (Black Sea) Shipbuilding Plant ... Black-Sea-Coastal, Trans-Dnipro, and Donetsk. Those regions were redrawn from the three Soviet economic regions of the ... Black Sea Grain] Russia's Collective Farms - Hot Capitalist Property [New York Times] "Ukraine agrees $3bn loan-for-corn deal ...
The Black Sea Region in a Comparative Perspective. Black Sea Studies. 4. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press. pp. 81-98. ISBN 978- ... The city was founded at a time when many nomadic tribes were beginning to settle in the areas north of the Black Sea. The ...
"Cadogan Hall". Black sea audio. Retrieved 19 February 2014. "Our History". Cadogan Hall. Retrieved 27 September 2013. Official ...
"Football Leaks: The Dirty Tricks of Doyen Sports". The Black Sea. December 21, 2016. Retrieved October 11, 2017. Conn, David ( ...
"EU's freedom of goods policy opened door to Paris terror attacks". The Black Sea. March 18, 2016. Retrieved October 11, 2017. ... "Mission". Bucharest, Romania: The Black Sea. 2017. Retrieved October 11, 2017. David Hein, von Hein (August 4, 2017). "Spiegel ...
"Black Sea Urchin". Museum Victoria. Retrieved 2011-05-13. Knight, K. (2009). "Sea Urchins Use Whole Body As Eye". Journal of ... The Diadematidae are a family of sea urchins. Their tests are either rigid or flexible and their spines are long and hollow. ... Like other sea urchins diadematids are sensitive to touch, light, and chemicals; additionally they do have eyes (eye spots) ... which is in contrast to other sea urchins. Because of this they can follow a threat with their spines. Astropyga radiata. ...
Black Sea Fleet Naval base in Sevastopol. In 1986-92 he served as a chief of staff - commander assistant of the Black Sea Fleet ... In February - April 1992 Kozhyn was a commander of the Black Sea Fleet Crimean Naval base (today Southern Naval base) in ... Small anti-submarine ship MPK-5 (Малый противолодочный корабль "МПК-5"). Black Sea Fleet. Mamchak, M. Ukrainian Naval ... Black Sea Fleet Naval base in Donuzlav. In 1978-80 Kozhyn was an academic auditor of the Grechko Naval Academy in Leningrad. ...
Black Sea past. Memoirs of the history of the Cossacks in the south of Ukraine Scientific Research Institute of the Cossacks of ...
"Black Sea Storms". The Times (48502). London. 2 January 1940. col B, p. 8. "Historic Castle On Fire". The Times (48503). London ... "Three Lifeboats At Sea All Night". The Times (48516). London. 18 January 1940. col F, p. 6. Patton, Brian (2007). Irish Sea ... "Frightulness At Sea". The Times (48529). London. 2 February 1940. col B, p. 10. "SS Eston (+1940)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 8 ... "German Ships Founders In North Sea". The Times (48507). London. 8 January 1940. col F, p. 6. "Finnish Navy in the Winter War". ...
Black Sea Studies. Vol. 9. Aarhus University Press. p. 2. Retrieved 2015-03-03. Dio Cass. 54.4-10, trans. E.Cary, Loeb edition ... the overseer of every land and sea In another inscription, Dynamis calls herself an empress and friend of Rome. This ...
It is believed to have descended from the black and tan terrier-type dogs of Britain and Ireland, just like the Kerry Blue and ... In Finland one Irish Terrier is a qualified Rescue Dog specialising at Sea Rescue. ... They were formerly of all types and of all colours - black-and-tan, grey-and-brindle, wheaten of all shades, and red being the ...
South Atlantic Fishery Management Council Black Sea Bass - Chefs of Carolina Black Sea Bass - Chefs Resources Black Sea Bass - ... Adult black sea bass being stripped for eggs Juveniles Black sea bass at Grays Reef National Marine Sanctuary in Georgia Black ... "Black Sea Bass". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 26 June 2012. "Black Sea Bass". Froese, Rainer and Pauly, ... Greece Black sea bass (ブラックシーバス) Japan Kanic bělopruhý Czech Republic Urus (Saudi Arabia) "Groper" Australia Black Sea Bass - ...
Black Sea Security (Ukrainian: Чорноморська безпека) was a Ukrainian magazine covering security problems in the Black Sea and ...
The Black Sea bleak (Alburnus schischkovi) is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Alburnus, that can be found in Bulgaria ...
Black Sea is a non-fiction book of travel and history by the Scottish writer Neal Ascherson. Its subject is the Black Sea and ... Black Sea won the Saltire Award for Literature in 1995 and the Los Angeles Times Book Award for History in 1996. Macmillan page ...
Black Sea Arena is an indoor arena located on the coast of the Black Sea in Shekvetili, Guria, Georgia, some 45 km north of ... "Christina Aguilera performs hits at Black Sea Arena Pop star invites Georgian ensemble on stage". Agenda. 1 August 2016. "Black ... The American singer-songwriter Christina Aguilera performed at the official opening of the Black Sea Arena on July 30, 2016. ... "Elton John coming to Georgias Black Sea Arena". Agenda. 30 May 2017. "Elton Johns concerts in Georgia postponed". Georgian ...
The Black Sea Raid was an Ottoman naval sortie against Russian ports in the Black Sea on 29 October 1914, supported by Germany ... Russias Black Sea Fleet was not seriously damaged by the raid. The gunboat Donetz was later raised and returned to service. A ... The next day Enver told Admiral Souchon he should take the fleet into the Black Sea and attack Russian ships if a "suitable ... In a discussion over the weekend of 12-13 September, Enver gave Souchon permission to take his ships into the Black Sea to ...
... and the Black Sea to the north. Western Black Sea Section (Turkish: Batı Karadeniz Bölümü) Inner Western Black Sea Area ( ... Provinces of Turkey List of fish of the Black Sea Trabzon Province World Trade Center Trabzon Geography of Turkey Black Sea ... the Black Sea coast historically has been isolated from Anatolia. The mild, damp oceanic climate of the Black Sea coast makes ... Inner Central Black Sea Area (Turkish: Orta Karadeniz Ardı Yöresi) Eastern Black Sea Section (Turkish: Doğu Karadeniz Bölümü) ...
The Black Sea Governorate (Russian: Черномо́рская губе́рния), also known as Chernomore or the Black Sea Government, was one of ... It was established in 1896 on the territory of Black Sea Okrug of Kuban Oblast. Its administrative center was Novorossiysk. In ... It ceased to exist when Black Sea Soviet Republic was built in spring, 1918. The governorates territory was included into the ... Kuban-Black Sea Oblast in March 1920. Энциклопедический словарь Брокгауза и Ефрона. Черноморская губерния. Том 4. 1907. ( ...
"Black Sea Euro-region" initiative seeks to encourage greater awareness and careful use of the Black Sea resources and their ... The port of Constanţa is marginally the largest port on the Black Sea. This is a list of cities over 10.000 inhabitants in the ... The Congress of the Council of Europe launched a Black Sea Euroregion on 26 September 2008, when the constituent act was signed ... Black Sea Euroregion (Bulgarian: Черноморски еврорегион, translit. Chernomorski evroregion, Romanian: Euroregiunea Mării Negre ...
Black Sea German Research The German settlements in the Black Sea Region American Historical Society of Germans from Russia ... The German towns and villages in the Western Ukraine, in Volhynia, and the Black Sea region all came under Nazi German rule, ... After the Bolshevik Revolution and the formation of the Soviet Union, Black Sea Germans, prior to World War II, were subjected ... The 45,000 Germans in Crimea (along with other Black Sea Germans) were forced into exile in Siberia and Kazakhstan, many into ...
The Black Sea salmon (Salmo labrax) is a fairly small species of salmon, at about 20 inches (510 mm) long on average and rarely ... While it is the only native species of Salmo present in the northern Black Sea basin, it may hybridize with (introduced) brown ... It inhabits the northern Black Sea coasts and inflowing rivers. There are anadromous, lacustrine and resident river populations ... Sea-run populations are currently at low numbers, but the resident river stocks are doing well. Freyhof, J. (2013) Salmo labrax ...
The Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский Флот, Chernomorsky Flot) is the fleet of the Russian Navy in the Black Sea, the Sea ... Black Sea Fleet: Black Sea Fleet concerned by checks by Ukrainian security agencies, Kyiv Post (October 14, 2009) Russian Black ... Sevastopol official: Black Sea Fleet risks to lose combat capability by 2017, Kyiv Post (December 3, 2009) Russias Black Sea ... Globalsecurity.org, Russia plans to upgrade Black Sea Fleet with new warships, April 13, 2010 Russian Black Sea Fleet to ...
The Black Sea Games are a multi-sport games held every four years, mainly for nations bordering the Black Sea. Albania Armenia ...
The Black Sea Shipyard built all of the Soviet Navys aircraft carrying ships and continues to build large commercial ships. In ... It was merged with the Black Sea Mechanical and Foundry Works (Russian: Chernomorskii mekhanicheskii i liteinyi zavod) in 1908 ... After the war, it was renamed the Black Sea Shipbuilding Works (Russian: Chernomorskii sudostroitelnyi zavod) when it came ... Black Sea Fleet Information Resource Online Originally Baku, later sold to India as INS Vikramaditya Originally Riga then ...
Black Sea shad is a common name for several fish in the genus Alosa which occur in the Black Sea and may refer to: Alosa ...
Azov, Crimean, and Bugeac lowlands consider to be extension of the Black Sea Lowland and its regional extremities. Black Sea ... Black Sea Lowland at Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Black Sea Lowland at Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia. ... weakly divided plain which being part of the greater Eastern European Plain gradually slopes towards the Black Sea and the Sea ... Black Sea Lowland is a major geographic feature of the Northern Pontic region and the East European Plain. It almost completely ...
The Black Sea sprat, Clupeonella cultriventris, is a small fish of the herring family, Clupeidae. It is found in the Black Sea ... "Black and Caspian Sea sprat" was then applied to the whole. List of fish in Ukraine Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. (2008). " ... The peak of its spawning is in April and it can be found in enormous shoals in sea-shores, filled all-round coastal shallows, ... It is one of the most abundant fishes in the Sea of Azov. It is important prey for other fishes, particularly the pikeperch. ...
The 1. Black Sea Games Tabzon 2007, commonly known as the 2007 Black Sea Games were the 1st Black Sea Games. The Games were ... "First Black Sea Games Kicks off in Turkey", CRIENGLISH.com. Retrieved on 2008-08-30. "Black Sea Games wrap up, Turkey places ...
The black-banded sea krait, or Chinese sea snake (Laticauda semifasciata), known in Japan as erabu umi hebi (ja:エラブウミヘビ), and ... "Black-banded sea krait photo - Laticauda semifasciata - G78940". ARKive.org. Retrieved 2016-07-17. "Archived copy". Archived ... Alternately, gathering in the hundreds, black-banded sea kraits form hunting alliances with yellow goatfish and bluefin ... Tu, M. C.; M. C. Tu; S. C. Fong & K. Y. Lue (1990). "Reproductive biology of the sea snake, Laticauda semifasciata, in Taiwan ...
The Black Sea field mouse (Apodemus ponticus) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. It is found in Armenia, Azerbaijan ...
"XTC: Black Sea". Q (178): 139. July 2001. Shewey, Don (5 February 1981). "XTC: Black Sea". Rolling Stone. Archived from the ... 1980s Black Sea sold well on the album charts on the strength of its solid post-punk tracks, including "Respectable Street", " ... Black Sea is the fourth studio album by the English band XTC, released on 12 September 1980. The album received positive ... Early copies of the album came with the sleeve enclosed in a lime-green paper bag.[citation needed] Black Sea spent 7 weeks on ...
The undersea river stems from salty water spilling through the Bosphorus Strait from the Mediterranean Sea into the Black Sea, ... The Black Sea undersea river is a current of particularly saline water flowing through the Bosphorus Strait and along the ... Though it was suspected that these channels might function as rivers, it was only with the discovery of the Black Sea river ... "Scientists find worlds sixth largest river - at the bottom of Black Sea". Oneindia News. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 2 August ...
The Black Sea - Azov Sea Shipping company split into Black Sea Shipping Company, Azov Sea Shipping Company and Georgian ... was created from the tanker division of the Black Sea Shipping Company. Azov Sea region management of Black Sea Shipping ... Sevastopol - was not Black Sea Shipping Co. port. It was naval port of Soviet Union in Black Sea. During the best period of ... Azov Sea region management was reorganized in Azov Sea Shipping Company in 1967. It is why some ships of Black Sea Shipping ...
Russian Black Sea Coast (Russian: Черноморское побережье России) also rarely Circassian coast (Adyghe: Адыгэ хы аушу, Adyge xy ... was the coast of historical Circassia on the Black Sea before 1864, extending from Anapa in the North to Adler in the south, ...
The Siminoc River is a tributary of the main branch of the Danube-Black Sea Canal in Romania. Administrația Națională Apelor ...
  • The American singer-songwriter Christina Aguilera performed at the official opening of the Black Sea Arena on July 30, 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 10th edition, held from 15 to 24 July 2016, was the largest one in the history of the Black Sea Jazz Festival. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2016 International Conference «Black Sea Oil Trade» attracted 250 delegates from 24 countries and 150 companies. (ukragroconsult.com)
  • More than 4,200 people have died or went missing so far in 2016 in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea. (msf.org.au)
  • The Black Sea bleak (Alburnus schischkovi) is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Alburnus, that can be found in Bulgaria in river Veleka, and Turkey in river Rezovska. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Region (Turkish: Karadeniz Bölgesi) is a geographical region of Turkey. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea coast receives the greatest amount of precipitation and is the only region of Turkey that receives high precipitation throughout the year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Provinces of Turkey List of fish of the Black Sea Trabzon Province World Trade Center Trabzon Geography of Turkey Black Sea topics Pentzopoulos, Dimitri (2002). (wikipedia.org)
  • Land: Black Sea Region of Turkey Archived May 11, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • First Black Sea Games Kicks off in Turkey", CRIENGLISH.com. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Sea Games wrap up, Turkey places second", Today's Zaman. (wikipedia.org)
  • The International Black Sea University (IBSU) (Georgian: შავი ზღვის საერთაშორისო უნივერსიტეტი) was established in 1995 in Tbilisi, Georgia and was opened by the second president of Georgia Eduard Shevardnadze and the former prime minister of Turkey Tansu Çiller in accordance with the decree of the Council of Ministers and the License of Opening given by the Ministry of Education of Georgia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast (Bulgarian: Черноморие, Chеrnomoriе) covers the entire eastern bound of Bulgaria stretching from the Romanian Black Sea resorts in the north to European Turkey in the south, along 378 km of coastline. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Transmission Network is a project for electric power transmission from Georgia to Turkey. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a series of expeditions, a team of marine archaeologists led by Robert Ballard identified what appeared to be ancient shorelines, freshwater snail shells, and drowned river valleys in roughly 300 feet (100 m) of water off the Black Sea coast of modern Turkey. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Naval Force (also known as blackseafor or the Black Sea Naval Cooperation Task Group) is a Black Sea naval cooperation program established in 2001 on the initiative of Turkey with the participation of Bulgaria, Romania, Ukraine, Russia and Georgia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The West Black Sea Region (Turkish: Batı Karadeniz Bölgesi) (TR8) is a statistical region in Turkey. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Kemençe of the Black Sea (Turkish: Karadeniz kemençesi, Greek Pontic kemenche or Pontiaki lyra (Ποντιακή λύρα), Laz Çilili (ჭილილი), or Armenian Qamani (Քամանի) is a bottle-shaped bowed lute found in the Black Sea region of Turkey (Pontus), adjacent Armenian and Georgian peopled lands, as well as in Greece. (wikipedia.org)
  • As Turkey was neutral during World War II, the Axis could not transfer warships to the Black Sea via the Bosphorus. (wikipedia.org)
  • To east, Georgia with its as lush topography as Black Sea Turkey, and its great culinary tradition. (wikitravel.org)
  • Founding members: Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Bulgaria Georgia Greece Moldova Romania Russia Turkey Ukraine Later members: Serbia As seen above, membership has not been restricted to countries which have access to the Black Sea: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Greece, Moldova, and Serbia (connected with the Danube river corridors) do not have coastlines on the Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Sea Turkey Banner.jpg}} '''Black Sea Turkey''' (Turkish: ''Karadeniz Bölgesi'') in northern [[Turkey]], is a humid and verdant region renowned for its natural beauty thanks to the high precipitation levels distributed evenly throughout the year. (wikitravel.org)
  • Georgia]] with its as lush topography as Black Sea Turkey, and its great culinary tradition. (wikitravel.org)
  • The Black Sea region of Turkey is what you'd get if you crammed the American Northwest, the Swiss Alps, the Italian coast, the Big Sky of the Canadian Rockies, the deserts of Egypt, and Versailles into a single strip of land on the Anatolian peninsula. (matadornetwork.com)
  • Europe and Asia: Black Sea basin in Resowska (Turkey) and Veleka (Bulgaria) drainages. (fishbase.org)
  • To bring it back on topic - Yes, NATO can say they will remain in the Black Sea and Turkey can approve that on their own. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • Also, relations between Black Sea states will undergo important changes as Turkey grows in geopolitical importance for both the region and Russia, while Ukraine will lose prominence as a designated transit country for natural gas. (eurasiareview.com)
  • 1. Strategic Action Plan for the Rehabilitation and Protection of the Black Sea, Istanbul, Turkey, 31 October 1996. (brill.com)
  • This document represents an agreement between the six Black Sea Coastal states (Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, the Russian Federation, Turkey and Ukraine) to act in concert to assist in the continued recovery of the Black Sea. (europa.eu)
  • The center also recalled that NATO's Sea Shield-2019 exercise had begun in the southwestern part of the Black Sea on Monday, with ships and aircraft from the United States, Bulgaria, Greece, Canada, the Netherlands, Romania and Turkey taking part in cooperation with representatives of Georgian and Ukrainian armed forces. (b92.net)
  • With the help of the Ottoman naval minister and German Admiral Wilhelm Souchon, Enver arranged for the Ottoman fleet to go out to sea on 29 October supposedly to perform maneuvers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский Флот, Chernomorsky Flot) is the fleet of the Russian Navy in the Black Sea, the Sea of Azov and the Mediterranean Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Black Sea Fleet and most of its vessels were inherited by the Russian Federation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Fleet is considered to have been founded by Prince Potemkin on May 13, 1783, together with its principal base, the city of Sevastopol. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 1841 onward, the fleet was confined to the Black Sea by the London Straits Convention. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] In the later post-war period, along with the Northern Fleet, the Black Sea Fleet provided ships for the 5th Operational Squadron in the Mediterranean, which confronted the United States Navy during the Arab-Israeli wars, notably during the Yom Kippur War in 1973. (wikipedia.org)
  • In January 1938, the Chairman of the People's Commissar Council, declared the following: Our mighty Soviet power must have such a sea and ocean fleet that would comply with her interests and would be worthy of our great mission. (wikipedia.org)
  • The company was re-established on June 13, 1922 as Black Sea - Azov Sea Shipping by the Council of Labour and Defence as part of the People's Commissariat of Communication Routes and administrated by the Central Administration of State Merchant Fleet (Gostorgflot). (wikipedia.org)
  • With the fall of the Soviet Union, the company was passed from the Ministry of Sea Fleet of the USSR as a state company of Ukraine and later registered with the Fund of State Property of Ukraine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Snake Island Lighthouse was built in the autumn of 1842 by the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Empire. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Fleet was as surprised by Operation Barbarossa as the rest of the Soviet Military. (wikipedia.org)
  • For the majority of the war, the Black Sea Fleet was commanded by Vice Admiral Filipp Oktyabrskiy, its other commander being Lev Vladimirsky. (wikipedia.org)
  • The commander of the Black Sea Fleet Mikhail Khronopulo received an order from Chernavin to curb the passage of US warships. (wikipedia.org)
  • Submarine warfare in the Black Sea in World War II during 1941 and 1942 involved engagements between primarily Romanian and Bulgarian naval warships and Soviet submarines of the Black Sea Fleet, as well as Axis merchantmen. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Soviet Black Sea Fleet during the Battle of Stalingrad conducted offensive operations along the Western coast of the Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • and set out conditions for basing of the Russian Black Sea Fleet in Crimea. (wikipedia.org)
  • The basing rules were set in a status of forces agreement, namely agreement between Ukraine and the Russian Federation on the Status and Conditions of the Stationing of the Black Sea Fleet [BSF] on the territory of Ukraine. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 28 March 2014, following the annexation of Crimea, Russian President Vladimir Putin submitted proposals to the State Duma on terminating a number of Russia-Ukraine agreements, including the Black Sea Fleet partition treaty and the 2010 Kharkiv Pact. (wikipedia.org)
  • The vessel is one of more than 60 shipwrecks identified by the Black Sea Maritime Archaeology Project including Roman ships and a 17th-century Cossack raiding fleet. (phys.org)
  • The center said that the Black Sea Fleet was carrying out a package of measures to monitor NATO's ships in order to be prepared to rapidly react to possible emergencies. (b92.net)
  • Upon graduation (August 1968 - November 1971) he was placed as a commander assistant and commander of an anti-submarine boat PR-201 (predecessor of Poti-class corvette) (military unit 99724) that was part of the Black Sea Fleet division of ships carrying out security of water district (Russian: дивизия кораблей ОВР, divizia korablei OVR) in Sevastopol. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1972-75 he was a commander of a patrol ship PR-159 in Donuzlav and after that a chief of staff for a brigade of minesweepers (military unit 34234), Black Sea Fleet Naval base in Donuzlav. (wikipedia.org)
  • After that he was a commander of security brigade of water district (military unit 26977), Black Sea Fleet Naval base in Sevastopol. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1986-92 he served as a chief of staff - commander assistant of the Black Sea Fleet Naval base (military unit 99324) in Donuzlav. (wikipedia.org)
  • In February - April 1992 Kozhyn was a commander of the Black Sea Fleet Crimean Naval base (today Southern Naval base) in Donuzlav. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea region has a steep, rocky coast with rivers that cascade through the gorges of the coastal ranges. (wikipedia.org)
  • The peak of its spawning is in April and it can be found in enormous shoals in sea-shores, filled all-round coastal shallows, moving quickly back in the sea at a depth of 6-30 metres. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Campaigns were the operations of the Axis and Soviet naval forces in the Black Sea and its coastal regions during World War II between 1941 and 1944, including in support of the land forces. (wikipedia.org)
  • In total, the German naval forces in the Black Sea mainly amounted to 6 coastal submarines, 16 S-boats, 23 R-boats, 26 submarine chasers and over 100 MFP barges. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States believed there was no legal basis for a coastal nation to limit warship transits to sea lanes only. (wikipedia.org)
  • Subsequently the U.S. Department of State found that unlike the English-language text of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the Russian-language text of Article 22, paragraph 1 allowed the coastal state to regulate the right of innocent passage whenever necessary. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1980s, US warships were passing through the straits from the Mediterranean into the Black Sea two or three times a year to "show the flag" and to claim the right of innocent passage in the coastal states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Western Karadeniz - The western third of Turkey's Black Sea coast is its most remote and beautiful (having been spared the indignities of the coastal highway), home to the ancient fortified port city of Sinop, and the beautiful resort town of Amasra. (wikitravel.org)
  • Made with unrefined sea salt from the coastal area of Guérande, Brittany, France--known for its light gray color due to the mineral-rich clay present in the salt flats--and freeze-dried Black Truffles. (fungi.com)
  • Abundance estimates of cetaceans in coastal waters of the northern Black Sea: Results of boat surveys in August-October 2003. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus ) became prevalent cetacean species in Black Sea coastal waters off the Crimea. (iucnredlist.org)
  • The users of this system are mainly decision makers, and oil pollution response authorities of the Ukrainian Black and Azov Seas coastal areas. (bodc.ac.uk)
  • Black Sea Fleet's reconnaissance and attack ships and coastal missile systems have been put on duty, TASS is reporting this Monday. (b92.net)
  • In the designated areas of the Black Sea reconnaissance ships and also naval attack groups, coastal missile systems Bastion and Bal and naval aircraft are on duty,' the center announced, TASS is reporting. (b92.net)
  • Habits and Habitats - Juvenile black sea bass may use coastal ocean or higher salinity estuarine habitats. (ncdenr.org)
  • Seven are from all the coastal Black Sea area countries. (europa.eu)
  • In a two year period, 38 water samples were collected-24 from the Dam of Iskar and 14 from the Black Sea coastal zone. (mdpi.com)
  • The first mechanism is implemented both in the open sea and in the coastal zone. (springer.com)
  • Naval assets from seven Allied nations and NATO's Standing Maritime Group 2 are training maritime capabilities and combat proficiency in the Black Sea from May 7 to 13 2018, as part of Exercise Sea Shield. (nato.int)
  • "By organising and hosting the Sea Shield 2018 Exercise, the Romanian Naval Forces, together with the NATO Allied Forces, are contributing to a strong cooperation in the Black Sea region and to the continued improvement of the procedures that ensure safe and secure maritime activities," said the commander of the exercise, Rear-Admiral Daniel Căpăţîna. (nato.int)
  • As a result of the Crimean War, one provision of the Treaty of Paris was that the Black Sea was to be a demilitarized zone like the Island of Åland in the Baltic Sea, although Russia subsequently renounced the treaty and reconstituted its naval strength and fortifications in the Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Rules of Navigation and Sojourn of Foreign Warships in the Territorial Waters and Internal Waters and Ports of the USSR", enacted by the Soviet Council of Ministers in 1983, acknowledged the right of innocent passage of foreign warships only in restricted areas of the Soviet territorial waters in the Baltic, Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan. (wikipedia.org)
  • The geography of "Odessa" must not be taken too literally, although a man sailing in the Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea is as far from the port of Odessa (then part of the USSR) as he seems to feel in the lyrics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lyrics are written in the stream-of-consciousness style, telling the story of the survivor of a fictitious British ship called Veronica, floating on an iceberg in the Baltic Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • In April, as a U.S. guided missile destroyer patrolled in the Baltic Sea, two Russian warplanes flew simulated attack passes over it. (voanews.com)
  • A U.S. Air Force reconnaissance plane flying over the Baltic Sea was intercepted by a Russian Su-27 jet in what the U.S. military said Saturday was 'an unsafe and unprofessional manner. (voanews.com)
  • These two pipelines would deliver Russian natural gas directly to Germany via a route under the Baltic Sea. (eurasiareview.com)
  • In 1999, it was observed in the northern Baltic Sea, and specimens have also been found in the Netherlands (1962), France (1971) and the Pacific coast of North America, where it was found in the estuaries of the Petaluma and Napa Rivers flowing into San Francisco Bay in 1992 and 1993, and has since become established. (wikipedia.org)
  • While it is the only native species of Salmo present in the northern Black Sea basin, it may hybridize with (introduced) brown trout in the major rivers. (wikipedia.org)
  • And most of tonnage of cargо passed via Constellation of the Black Sea basin - Odessa, Illichivsk, Yuzhne ports. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over geological eras, water has flowed in and out of the Black Sea basin. (wikipedia.org)
  • Opponents of the deluge hypothesis point to clues that water has been flowing out of the Black Sea basin as late as 15,000 years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • A notable point here is that the low lands in the Black Sea's basin would have already been flooded. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea tadpole-goby (Benthophilus nudus) is a species of goby native to the basin of the Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the rivers of the Black Sea basin: Danube up to Iron Gate dam, Dniester up to Tighina, Dnieper up to Kiev, Southern Bug. (wikipedia.org)
  • They reasoned that the description was of the flooding of a large area of land that was below sea level (a basin) due to the rise in global sea levels. (biblemysteries.com)
  • Now however, obscure references from other prehistoric cultures as well as its proximity to the hills surrounding Mount Ararat tended to favor the Black Sea Basin and therefore Noah's Flood as the story of greatest antiquity. (biblemysteries.com)
  • What the team had discovered was obvious proof of a recent, in geologic time, inundation of the Black Sea or Euxine Basin. (biblemysteries.com)
  • The fact that all the samples were of the same age means that the unconformous event horizon did not represent a gradual transition as is normal for unconformities, but instead pointed to an abrupt inundation of the entire Black Sea Basin. (biblemysteries.com)
  • The semi-isolated Black Sea is highly sensitive to climate driven environmental changes, and the underlying sediments represent high-resolution archives of past continental climate and concurrent hydrologic changes in the basin. (whoi.edu)
  • The Black Sea is characterized by a permanently stratified water column and represents the largest anoxic basin in the world. (sciencephoto.com)
  • The Ukrainian part of the Western Black Sea consists of the Odessa Shelf, which has shallow water (up to 100 m) and covers an area of 35,000 km 2 , and the northeastern part of the Western Black Sea Basin southwest of the Crimea Peninsula with water depths of 100-2200 m over an area of 50,000 km 2 (Figure 1). (geoscienceworld.org)
  • The Caspian tyulka Clupeonella caspia has been long considered a subspecies of C. cultriventris, C. cultriventris caspia, and a common name "Black and Caspian Sea sprat" was then applied to the whole. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its natural boundaries are the Sea of Azov and Black Sea on the west, the Caucasus Mountains on the south and the Caspian Sea on the east. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Persian Gulf, the Red Sea, and the Caspian Sea were discarded as suitable sites. (biblemysteries.com)
  • Maps of oil spills detected in satellite imagery of the whole aquatic area of the Black Sea and the Middle and the Southern Caspian Sea are created. (mdpi.com)
  • The patterns of surface oil pollution of the Caspian Sea differ considerably from those observed in the Black Sea. (mdpi.com)
  • Under the commonly used geographic definition, the border between Asia and Europe stretches along the Ural Mountains, Ural River, and Caspian Sea in the east, the Greater Caucasus range and the Black Sea, with its outlets, the Bosphorus and Dardanelles, in the south. (wikipedia.org)
  • The river works as a density current, because it carries sediments along the sea floor and has a higher salinity than the surrounding water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Samplings of sediments in the Black Sea by a series of expeditions carried out between 1998 and 2005 in the frame of a European Project ASSEMBLAGE and coordinated by a French oceanographer, Gilles Lericolais, brought some new inputs to the hypothesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The weather was amazing, calm sea, beautiful sunny days and most importantly, we come back home with many samples to analyze both the microorganisms and also the laminated sediments in the mysterious and exciting Black Sea. (nioz.nl)
  • My work at NIOZ is focused on developing a way of reconstructing past riverine input in the sea using special organic compounds, for that I collect water and sediments from rivers but also sediments from the ocean (I collected 4 surface sediments from the Black Sea, and they will be integrated to a wider study that focus on the Danube River and its input in the Black Sea). (nioz.nl)
  • I am working for my Bachelor thesis at the NIOZ for 9 months, trying to improve measurement of trace elements (elements that can tell us something about oxygen deficit environments, such as the Black Sea) in sediments through different measuring techniques. (nioz.nl)
  • The presence of the dunes indicated that the theory might be correct, and in spite of the accumulation of thousands of years of marine sediments there were still recognizable remnantal land structures existing on the sea floor. (biblemysteries.com)
  • To reconstruct the salinity, the WHOI team analyzed sediments containing highly resistant organic compounds called alkenones, which are uniquely produced by Emiliania huxleyi -the same photosynthetic organism oceanographers study to determine past sea surface temperatures. (whoi.edu)
  • Black Sea Arena is an indoor arena located on the coast of the Black Sea in Shekvetili, Guria, Georgia, some 45 km north of Batumi, the country's second largest city. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the development, Souchon resolved to continue towards the Ottoman Empire, having concluded that an attempt to return to Germany would result in his ships' destruction at the hands of the British and the French and a withdrawal to the Austro-Hungarian coast would leave them trapped in the Adriatic Sea for the remainder of the war. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of these natural conditions, the Black Sea coast historically has been isolated from Anatolia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mild, damp oceanic climate of the Black Sea coast makes commercial farming profitable. (wikipedia.org)
  • The North Anatolian Mountains in the north are an interrupted chain of folded highlands that generally parallel the Black Sea coast. (wikipedia.org)
  • The water temperature in the whole Turkish Black Sea coast is always cool and fluctuates between 8° and 20 °C throughout the year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ukrainian: Чорноморські німці) were ethnic Germans who left their homelands in the 18th and 19th centuries, and settled in territories off the north coast of the Black Sea, mostly in the territories of the southern Russian Empire (including modern-day Ukraine). (wikipedia.org)
  • Russian: Черкесское побережье, Čerkesskoe poberž′e) was the coast of historical Circassia on the Black Sea before 1864, extending from Anapa in the North to Adler in the south, and including cities like Tuapse and Sochi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further participation of the new host occurred in the Russo-Persian War (1826-1828) where they stormed the last remaining Ottoman bastion of the northern Black Sea Coast, the fortress of Anapa, which fell on June 12, 1828. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to 1989 the Bulgarian Black Sea coast was internationally known as the Red Riviera. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bulgarian Black Sea Coast has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), with considerable maritime and continental influences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Parts of Bulgaria's northern Black Sea Coast feature rocky headlands where the sea abuts cliffs up to 70 metres in height. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major road I-9 runs along the Black Sea coast between the border with Romania, at the village of Durankulak, and the city of Burgas. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Jazz Festival (Georgian: შავი ზღვის ჯაზ-ფესტივალი) is an international jazz festival held annually, traditionally in July, in Batumi on Georgia's Black Sea coast, which, along with Tbilisi Jazz Festival, is one of the country's main jazz events. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Biosphere Reserve (Ukrainian: Чорноморський біосферний заповідник) is a biosphere reserve of Ukraine that is located at littoral zone of the northern Black Sea coast covering regions of the Kherson and Mykolaiv Oblasts and including Gulf of Tendra and Yahorlyk Bay. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the west, since the Caucasus Mountains run parallel and close to the Black Sea coast, no significant rivers from this area reach the Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Romanian Black Sea resorts stretch from the Danube Delta in the north down to the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast in the south, along 275 kilometers of coastline. (wikipedia.org)
  • It occupies much of the country's northern (Black Sea) coast, while the rest of it is part of Marmara Region . (wikitravel.org)
  • Samsun - largest city on the Turkish Black Sea coast and largest port of the Black Sea. (wikitravel.org)
  • The dolphins started washing up along Russia's Black Sea coast several weeks ago. (rferl.org)
  • The adventurous Greeks of Miletus, in Asia Minor, formed several colonies around the Black Sea coast during the 6th and 7th centuries BC in order to exploit its resources for trade with the wider Greek world. (steampowered.com)
  • The Black Sea coast not only has beaches, but also hiking, whitewater rafting, kayaking on crystal clear lakes, and killer mountain biking trails. (matadornetwork.com)
  • Enjoy the affordable luxury of a 3 star hotel when you visit Black Sea Coast. (hotels.com)
  • Most 3 star hotels in Black Sea Coast offer exclusive amenities like a state of the art fitness facilities, business centers, fine dining, and daily housekeeping. (hotels.com)
  • Your hotel room will be located close to the heart of Black Sea Coast, placing you just blocks away from the most popular tourist attractions in Black Sea Coast. (hotels.com)
  • Currently, the average price for a 3 star in Black Sea Coast is $90 but deals on 3 star hotels can be found for as low as $20 per night. (hotels.com)
  • Located near expressways and business areas, your hotel will be near commercial areas and accessible destinations, giving you different ways to spend your free time in Black Sea Coast. (hotels.com)
  • Exclusive deals for your 3 star hotel in Black Sea Coast are available on Hotels.com and can be explored by specifying your search around the price range, amenities, and accommodations you desire. (hotels.com)
  • Most hotels in Black Sea Coast that are featured on Hotels.com have a gallery of photos to view, so you know what to expect during your stay. (hotels.com)
  • Specific features of climate change in the Black Sea and on its northeastern coast for the period of 1982-2014 are investigated based on weather station data, ERA-Interim reanalysis, and satellite data on sea surface temperature. (springer.com)
  • It is shown that air temperature variations on the coast highly correlate with sea surface temperature. (springer.com)
  • N. Alexeevsky, D. V. Magritsky, K. P. Koltermann, I. Krylenko, and P. Toropov, "Causes and Systematics of Inundations of the Krasnodar Territory on the Russian Black Sea Coast," Natural Hazards and Earth System Sci. (springer.com)
  • A. E. Croitoru, B. C. Chiotoroiu, V. I. Todorova, and V. Torica, "Changes in Precipitation Extremes on the Black Sea Western Coast," Global and Planetary Change, 102 (2013). (springer.com)
  • 25. A. S. Bologa, "Annotated Bibliography on the Macrophytobenthos along the Romanian Black Sea Coast (1981-1986)," Cercetari marine-Recherches marines (1987/1988) 20/21: 353-384. (brill.com)
  • 2020 Twenty-six ships, nine aircraft and more than two thousand sailors from eight NATO Allied and partner nations are taking part in Exercise Breeze, an annual maritime exercise held off the coast of Bulgaria in the Black Sea. (nato.int)
  • Bulgarian archaeologists have found a church dating back to the late Antiquity period, which is located near the village of Sarafovo , on the Black Sea coast. (novinite.com)
  • Initially, the Bulgarian archaeologists supposed they might uncover a Roman town on the coast of the Black Sea , with a port at the entrance of local mineral baths - located at a town known as Aquae Calidae (located on the territory of two quarters in today's city of Burgas ). (novinite.com)
  • The discovery took place just a day after police officers arrived in the Coral vacation villages, also located on Bulgaria's southern Black Sea coast, to investigate the case another dead dolphin , allegedly with multiple shot wounds. (novinite.com)
  • Millions of black sea bass are caught and released by recreational anglers off the south Atlantic coast of the U.S. each year. (phys.org)
  • The coast of the Bulgarian Black Sea is a popular summer holiday destination. (mdpi.com)
  • The proposed changes will ensure New York's fishery is consistent with the coast-wide fisheries management plan for summer flounder, scup and black sea bass. (ny.gov)
  • 3) spatial heterogeneity of the wind blowing from the coast to the sea. (springer.com)
  • The spatially inhomogeneous wind from the coast to the sea generates eddy dipoles with dominating anticyclones. (springer.com)
  • The Atlantic coast states of Massachusetts through Virginia have scheduled hearings to gather public comment on Draft Addendum XXV to the Summer Flounder and Black Sea Bass Fishery Management Plan. (outdoorhub.com)
  • The usual colour is charcoal grey or reddish-black with pale grey tube feet on the underside but off the African coast it is described as being bright or dark brown with white patches which are larger towards the posterior end. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Siminoc River is a tributary of the main branch of the Danube-Black Sea Canal in Romania. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eventually the Romania-Ukraine international relationships soured (see "Maritime delimitation" section) when Romania tried to assert that the island is no more than a rock in the sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Case concerning maritime delimitation in the Black Sea (Romania v Ukraine) ICJ 3 is a decision of the International Court of Justice. (wikipedia.org)
  • On 16 September 2004 Romania brought a case against Ukraine to the International Court of Justice as part of a dispute over the maritime boundary between the two states in the Black Sea, claiming that Snake island had no socioeconomic significance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Romania now risks delaying offshore gas projects and playing into the hands of Russia, which blocked Ukraine from exploring its Black Sea resources by occupying Crimea, analysts said. (cnbc.com)
  • News: Romania hosts NATO Allies for major Black Sea exercise, 07-May. (nato.int)
  • Dobrudja is such a territory, situated in the South - East of Romania, between the Black Sea and the lower Danube River. (novapublishers.com)
  • 3. Global Environment Facility (GEF), "Environmental Management and Pro- tection of the Black Sea" (paper presented at the Program Co-ordinating Meeting, Constanta, Romania, 22-23 May, 1992). (brill.com)
  • The Danube River outlet into the Black Sea makes the Port of Constanta the primary ingress and egress point for bulk commodities being traded into and out of Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia and Hungary. (feedstuffs.com)
  • aka: Dentaria quinquefolia) Cardamine quinquefolia is a lovely spring ephemeral groundcover that can be found growing wild in slightly moist beech/oak forests around the Black Sea, stretching from Romania to Iran. (plantdelights.com)
  • Ukraine is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast, Belarus to the northwest, Poland and Slovakia to the west, Hungary, Romania, and Moldova to the southwest, and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Sea Security (Ukrainian: Чорноморська безпека) was a Ukrainian magazine covering security problems in the Black Sea and Caspian Region. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is bordered by the Marmara Region to the west, the Central Anatolia Region to the south, the Eastern Anatolia Region to the southeast, the Republic of Georgia to the northeast, and the Black Sea to the north. (wikipedia.org)
  • The western part of the Black Sea region, especially the Zonguldak area, is a center of coal mining and heavy industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Blacksea Region culture and travel Archived 2008-06-11 at the Wayback Machine. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a list of cities over 10.000 inhabitants in the region: The "Black Sea Euro-region" initiative seeks to encourage greater awareness and careful use of the Black Sea resources and their sustainable management, as well as regionalisation processes in the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Sea Lowland is a major geographic feature of the Northern Pontic region and the East European Plain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Azov Sea region management of Black Sea Shipping Company was created in Zhdanov in 1953. (wikipedia.org)
  • Azov Sea region management was reorganized in Azov Sea Shipping Company in 1967. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the last 200 years, in the Black Sea region 24 tsunamis occurred, of which two were in the territory of Dobruja. (wikipedia.org)
  • The off-shore region of Southern Dobruja, especially the epicentral area located in the south of Mangalia, including the Bulgarian off-shore of the Black Sea, has been emphasized over the years, by earthquakes which in certain cases have been violent, reaching magnitudes of 7-7.5 on Richter scale. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Region: Cooperation and Security Building: Cooperation and Security Building. (wikipedia.org)
  • The International Centre for Black Sea Studies (Greek: Διεθνές Κέντρο Μελετών Ευξείνου Πόντου, English Acronym: ICBSS, Greek Acronym: ΔΙΚΕΜΕΠ) is a think-tank based in Athens, Greece, committed to promoting multilateral cooperation between the countries of the Black Sea region and with their international partners. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aside from the mandates received from the BSEC the Centre also carries out a range of projects and activities on its own initiative, aiming to foster multilateral cooperation in and with the wider Black Sea region. (wikipedia.org)
  • ICBSS Annual Conference: an international forum bringing together researchers and policy practitioners to discuss matters of high relevance affecting the state and future of the Black Sea region. (wikipedia.org)
  • ICBSS Annual Lecture: an event open to the general public featuring expert guest speakers who impart their perspective on topics pertinent to the Black Sea region. (wikipedia.org)
  • International Black Sea Symposium (IBSS): launched in 2008, the IBSS aims to provide a multicultural and interdisciplinary forum for study, dialogue and networking bringing together young professionals from the wider Black Sea region, EU member states, the US and Central Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Sea Research Network (BSRN): a network of policy-oriented research institutes focusing on the wider Black Sea region that aims to foster collaboration and concerted action through joint projects, pooling of resources as well as information and best practices exchange. (wikipedia.org)
  • Task Force on a Joint Black Sea Strategy: an international group of experts convening regularly in order to ultimately produce a joint strategy for the development of the Black Sea region with a special focus on its security and socio-economic components. (wikipedia.org)
  • EU-Black Sea Observatory: political and economic developments in the Black Sea region are monitored and analysed by means of policy research, media monitoring and other related activities with the primary focus lying on the EU's policies towards the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) is a regional international organization focusing on multilateral political and economic initiatives aimed at fostering cooperation, peace, stability and prosperity in the Black Sea region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most experts, however, believe the real culprit is ever-increasing pollution in the Black Sea region. (rferl.org)
  • This is a historic region, scattered with the legacies of empires that ebbed and flowed like Black Sea waves. (lonelyplanet.com)
  • This region is the focus of many geopolitical, economic, social and environmental issues that involve not only the countries coming out to the Black and Azov Seas, but other world countries, too. (worldcat.org)
  • It includes a multi-century chronology of the events that became the outstanding milestones in the history of development of the Black Sea - Azov Sea region. (worldcat.org)
  • BUCHAREST, April 1 (Reuters) - Romania's new energy regulations risk undermining plans by companies to develop big offshore gas projects in the Black Sea, putting billions of dollars of revenue at risk and squandering a chance to challenge Russia's Gazprom in the region. (cnbc.com)
  • V. V. Efimov, E. M. Volodin, A. E. Anisimov, and V. S. Barabanov, "Regional Climate Projections for the Black Sea Region in the Late 21st Century," Morskoi Gidrofizicheskii Zhurnal, No. 5 (2015) [in Russian]. (springer.com)
  • These developments are transforming the geopolitics of natural gas in the Black Sea region. (eurasiareview.com)
  • New natural gas pipelines running from Russia and Azerbaijan towards the Black Sea region will certainly remodel the geopolitics of natural gas in Europe. (eurasiareview.com)
  • Historically, Europe has depended on Russia for its natural gas supply, much of it shipped via the Black Sea region. (eurasiareview.com)
  • The annual exercise, now in its 20th iteration, is co-hosted by the United States and Ukraine, and aims to strengthen maritime security in the Black Sea region. (nato.int)
  • The project as a whole was actually looking at sea level change and the flooding of the Black Sea region. (phys.org)
  • The Port of Constanta sits on the Black Sea at the mouth of the Danube River, and is one of the most strategically significant ports in the region. (feedstuffs.com)
  • BaSeFood (Sustainable exploitation of bioactive components from the Black Sea Area traditional foods) was a 43 month EU funded project, aimed at investigating, documenting and describing the traditional foods of the Black Sea region, and their content of health-promoting substances, in order to create the knowledge base for the production of tradition-based healthy foods, in a context of sustainability, including issues of cultural and biological diversity, and consumers' facts. (europa.eu)
  • The Black Sea region countries - Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine have become important wheat exporters. (umn.edu)
  • As a result, for the third year in a row, New York, along with other states in the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission's (ASMFC) northern region (Massachusetts-New Jersey), must take steps to reduce the black sea bass harvest despite an apparent abundance of fish. (ny.gov)
  • The Black Sea Region in a Comparative Perspective. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] The area of increasing tourist interest, part of this region was detached by the Tsar's decree of December 25, 1904, from the Sukhumi district (Kutaisi Governorate) to become part of the Black Sea Governorate. (wikipedia.org)
  • After processing the available scientific data (ancient illustrations on vases and reliefs, written and archaeological sources) members of the Odessa Archaeological Museum, under the leadership of prof. PhD Vladimir N. Stanko, proposed the building of a bireme since in antiquity it had been the most widely used vessel in the northern Black Sea region. (wikipedia.org)
  • Peter G. Loboda is the researcher of ancient history of the Northern Black Sea Region and antique numismatics. (wikipedia.org)
  • He is the author of 5 books and numerous articles of numismatics of the Northern Black Sea Region, participant and lecturer of many scientific conferences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Volume 2 : Antique and Medieval Coins of Crimea, the Northern East and East Black Sea Region. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bulletin of the Odessa Numismatics Museum : Collection of Numismatic Articles of the Northern Black Sea Region / Odessa Numismatics Museum. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the end of March, beginning of April 2017, we did a one-week cruise on NIOZ' research vessel Pelagia to the Black Sea collecting the necessary samples and performing experiments on board in a joint effort of the NIOZ departments Marine Microbiology and Biogeochemistry (MMB) and Ocean Systems (OCS). (nioz.nl)
  • caption id='attachment_27967' align='alignright' width='320'] Jason-3 sea level residuals on 12/07/2017. (fondriest.com)
  • Atadzhanova OA, Zimin AV, Romanenkov DA, Kozlov IE (2017) Satellite radar observations of small eddies in the White, Barents and Kara Seas. (springer.com)
  • The Black Sea Fleet's official primary headquarters and facilities are located in the city of Sevastopol, which is de jure part of Ukraine but de facto part of Russia (see Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation). (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Sea Lowland at Encyclopedia of Ukraine. (wikipedia.org)
  • Renamed the Black Sea Cossack Host in honor of the victories during the Russo-Turkish War, a total of 25,000 people made the migration in 1792-1794 from Ukraine, settling in the regions north of the Kuban River. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bronze Age genomes of the men were different, with about a third of their ancestry coming from ancient sources by the Black Sea in modern-day Ukraine. (independent.ie)
  • The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Carney (DDG 64) prepares to go underway in the Black Sea on July 2 during exercise Sea Breeze 2019 in Odesa, Ukraine. (navytimes.com)
  • The 12-day Sea Breeze 2019 exercise, involving Ukraine, the U.S., a dozen other NATO allies and a few other nations, began Monday in the northwestern part of the Black Sea. (navytimes.com)
  • But Russia's aim is to own the Black Sea and isolate Ukraine. (navytimes.com)
  • 6 Institute of Biology of Southern Seas, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, pr. (sciencemag.org)
  • Afro-Ukrainians or Black Ukrainians (Ukrainian: Афроукраїнці, Ukrainian: Темношкірі Dark-skinned) are Ukrainians of dark-skinned African or American descent, including Black people who have settled in Ukraine and their mixed-race children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Ukrainians are multi-lingual knowing both Russian and Ukrainian aside of their native languages and aware of the cultural conflict in Ukraine between the Ukrainian and Russian languages. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, the research programme conducted on board Ivlia included the participation of the Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, the Institute of Water Transport Hygiene, and other scientific centres of Ukraine. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sea is bounded in the north by mainland Ukraine, in the east by Russia, and in the west by the Crimean Peninsula. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 45,000 Germans in Crimea (along with other Black Sea Germans) were forced into exile in Siberia and Kazakhstan, many into forced labour camps. (wikipedia.org)
  • The remainder of the fleet's facilities are based in various locations on the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, including Krasnodar Krai, Rostov Oblast and Crimea. (wikipedia.org)
  • They sought to discover whether human habitation sites could be identified on the ancient submerged landscape, to examine the sea-bed for shipwrecks (where they found Sinop A-D), to test the hypothesis that the anoxic waters below 200m would protect shipwrecks from the expected biological attacks on organic components, and to seek data about an ancient trade route between Sinop and the Crimea indicated by terrestrial archaeological remains. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bosporan Kingdom, also known as the Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus (Greek: Βασίλειον τοῦ Κιμμερικοῦ Βοσπόρου, Basileion tou Kimmerikou Bosporou), was an ancient state located in eastern Crimea and the Taman Peninsula on the shores of the Cimmerian Bosporus, the present-day Strait of Kerch (it was not named after the more famous Bosphorus beside Istanbul at the other end of the Black Sea). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Soviet command placed its Black Sea air and naval forces on combat readiness and dispatched border guard vessels and naval aircraft to intercept the U.S. warships. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the time the Soviet Union recognized the right of innocent passage for warships in its territorial waters solely in designated sea lanes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Its submarines and surface warships aimed to disrupt Axis communications and supplies by sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the Bolshevik Revolution and the formation of the Soviet Union, Black Sea Germans, prior to World War II, were subjected to the forced starvation of man-made famines, the closure of German-language churches, schools, and community organisations, and were summarily required to change their language of instruction from German to Russian or Ukrainian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Sea Shipping Company (Ukrainian: Чорноморське морське пароплавство) is a Ukrainian shipping company based in Odessa. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the Soviet Union period and after the creation of the Novorossiysk Sea Shipping Company all of the large ports on the present Ukrainian territory except Sevastopol, Asov Sea ports, Kerch port and Danube river ports were owned and administrated by the Black Sea Shipping Company. (wikipedia.org)
  • 30.20417 Snake Island (Greek: "Fidonisi" - Φιδονήσι), also known as Serpent Island (Romanian: Insula Șerpilor, Ukrainian: Зміїний, Russian: Змеиный), is an island located in the Black Sea, near the Danube Delta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Petro Mohyla Black Sea National University is a Ukrainian national university in Mykolayiv. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's the first U.S. warship to enter the Black Sea since the Russians seized three Ukrainian boats in the Kerch Strait in November. (navytimes.com)
  • Rivers flow from the mountains toward the Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • It inhabits the northern Black Sea coasts and inflowing rivers. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is found in the Black Sea and Sea of Azov and rivers of its basins: Danube, Dniester, Dnieper, Southern Bug, Don, Kuban. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though it was suspected that these channels might function as rivers, it was only with the discovery of the Black Sea river that this suspicion was confirmed. (wikipedia.org)
  • As glaciers retreated, some of the rivers emptying into the Black Sea declined in volume and changed course to drain into the North Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • North of the Taman Peninsula the Kuban River, the Beysug River and the Yeya Rivers reach the Sea of Azov, and the long Manych River and the shorter Sal River reach the lower Don. (wikipedia.org)
  • The simulations found no individual correlation between salinity and wind speed/direction, or indeed with an increase in fresh water input from the many rivers running into the Black Sea. (eurekalert.org)
  • The sea is largely affected by the inflow of numerous rivers, which bring sand, silt, and shells, which in turn form numerous bays, limans, and narrow spits. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a Pitchfork review revisiting Black Sea, along with Go 2 and English Settlement following their remastered CD release in 2002, Chris Dahlen discusses the strengths of Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Species composition and abundance estimates of cetaceans in the Kerch Strait and adjacent areas of the Black and Azov Seas: The second series of aerial surveys (August 2002). (iucnredlist.org)
  • Nicole Kidman has worn the color to the Globes several times, including a lace column gown with a high slit and a little black choker in 2002, offering a rock vibe from Yves Saint Laurent. (theintelligencer.net)
  • 34.1550 In the 1986 Black Sea incident on 13 March the American cruiser USS Yorktown and the destroyer USS Caron, claiming the right of innocent passage, entered the Soviet territorial waters near the southern Crimean Peninsula. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1976, Willard Bascom suggested that the deep, anoxic waters of the Black Sea might have preserved ships from antiquity because typical wood-devouring organisms could not survive there. (wikipedia.org)
  • To the east of Sinop, the team discovered a remarkably well-preserved wreck at a 320m depth, in Black Sea's deep anoxic waters. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea bumping incident of 12 February 1988 occurred when American cruiser USS Yorktown tried to exercise the right of innocent passage through Soviet territorial waters in the Black Sea during the Cold War. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Sea Oil & Gas (BSOG) decided earlier this year to press ahead with plans to extract an estimated 10 billion cubic metres of gas from shallow waters - given the amount of money it has already invested. (cnbc.com)
  • For example, the sea-surface waters near Texas when Hurricane Harvey roared toward Houston were among the Earth's warmest. (eurekalert.org)
  • Harvested from the pristine deep ocean waters off the island of Molokai, this beautiful salt has a brittle, crunchy texture as well as its gorgeous deep black color, making it a dramatic and tasty finishing salt. (thespicehouse.com)
  • Massive microbial mats covering up to 4-meter-high carbonate buildups prosper at methane seeps in anoxic waters of the northwestern Black Sea shelf. (sciencemag.org)
  • The Black Sea Governorate (Russian: Черномо́рская губе́рния), also known as Chernomore or the Black Sea Government, was one of the guberniyas of the Caucasus Viceroyalty of the Russian Empire. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Soviet Republic (March-May 1918) was a republic of the Russian SFSR within the territory that corresponded to Black Sea Governorate in the Russian Empire. (wikipedia.org)
  • On March 27, 1920, the committee's duties were transferred to the Kuban Oblast Revolutionary Committee, which supervised the territories of Kuban Oblast and Black Sea Governorate. (wikipedia.org)
  • On March 29, 1920, the committee was renamed "Kuban Black Sea Revolutionary Committee", and as a result of that the joint territory of Kuban Oblast and Black Sea Governorate started to be referred to as "Kuban Black Sea Oblast", after the committee's new name, although no formal decrees establishing a new administrative unit had been passed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea salmon (Salmo labrax) is a fairly small species of salmon, at about 20 inches (510 mm) long on average and rarely reaching over 30 in (760 mm). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea field mouse (Apodemus ponticus) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black-Sea pelagic pipefish, Syngnathus schmidti is a pipefish species that inhabits the Black Sea and Sea of Azov. (wikipedia.org)
  • The population structure of three species of Black Sea dolphins as an adequate basis of their abundance estimation. (iucnredlist.org)
  • The giant leatherback sea turtle, Dermochelys coriacea , is the biggest turtle species still in the world. (planetsave.com)
  • Diving in black water is a great opportunity for shooting tiny plankton species and jellyfish. (xray-mag.com)
  • May 6, 2013 When Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) marine paleoecologist Marco Coolen was mining through vast amounts of genetic data from the Black Sea sediment record, he was amazed about the variety of past plankton species that left behind their genetic makeup (i.e., the plankton paleome). (whoi.edu)
  • Black sea bass are a valuable species for commercial fishing and are also popular with recreational anglers. (phys.org)
  • In addition to lending key insight into the black sea bass fishery, Rudershausen notes that the study "may give us insight into mortality for other important species with similar characteristics, such as red grouper and gag grouper. (phys.org)
  • The black sea cucumber (Holothuria atra) is a tropical marine sea cucumber species traditionally consumed as remedy for many ailments. (rsc.org)
  • It is a monotypic genus and the only species is Maeotias marginata, commonly known as the Black Sea jellyfish or brackish water hydromedusa and often referred to as Maeotias inexpectata in the literature. (wikipedia.org)
  • Holothuria leucospilota, commonly known as the black sea cucumber/ Black tarzan, is a species of marine invertebrate in the family Holothuriidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sevastopol - was not Black Sea Shipping Co. port. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3. HYSPLIT (Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory Model) model data for Sevastopol and other Black Sea stations have been analysed. (spie.org)
  • The group took over the ship as it was about to depart from the Turkish port of Trabzon en route to Eregli and then to Sochi in Russia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States accused Russia of sending one of its fighter jets dangerously close to an American spy plane over the Black Sea on Wednesday, an intercept American military officials said was "unsafe and unprofessional," even as Moscow said it acted in accordance with international flight rules. (voanews.com)
  • MOSCOW - About 3,000 troops from 19 countries are taking part in military drills in the Black Sea , an exercise that has raised concerns in Russia. (navytimes.com)
  • Compass jellyfish, East Sea, Russia. (xray-mag.com)
  • Black Sea Rotational Force began in 2010 with the purpose to form a Security Cooperation Marine Air-Ground Task Force. (wikipedia.org)
  • The targeted security cooperation activities with partner-nations in the Black Sea, Balkan and Caucasus regions enhance professional military capacity and increase interoperability. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has the status of Observer in the Black Sea Economic Cooperation organisation and the special Consultative Status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Centre is a de facto related body of the intergovernmental Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC) and forms part of the so-called "BSEC family" of institutions. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Trade and Development Bank (BSTDB) is multilateral development bank serving its eleven member countries that are founding members of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, a regional economic organization. (wikipedia.org)
  • BSEC Headquarters - the Permanent International Secretariat of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC PERMIS) - was established in March 1994, also in Istanbul. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the entry into force of its Charter on 1 May 1999, BSEC acquired international legal identity and was transformed into a full-fledged regional economic organization: Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Parliamentary Assembly of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation based in Istanbul, is the inter-parliamentary consultative institution of the organization formed based on the Declaration on the Establishment of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation on February 26, 1993 by 9 founding states. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the end of the Project Tranche II, it is expected that the institutional mechanism of the Black Sea Commission is reinforced and fully operational ensuring cooperation between all Black Sea countries to efficiently implement joint policies and actions and operate common management and control mechanisms. (thegef.org)
  • Adriatic Sea) c.1320-21 undated but signed by Vesconti, for Marino Sanudo's Liber secretorum, mappa mundi plus atlas of five sheets (partially missing), held (Pal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adriatic Sea) c.1321 undated and unsigned, confidently attributed to Vesconte, for Marino Sanudo's Liber secretorum, mappa mundi and atlas of five sheets held (Vat. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 1901 Black Sea earthquake (also known in Bulgaria as Balchik earthquake) was a 7.2 magnitude earthquake, the most powerful earthquake ever recorded in the Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Cycling Tour is a cycling race held in Bulgaria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two-Year Monitoring of Water Samples from Dam of Iskar and the Black Sea, Bulgaria, by Molecular Analysis: Focus on Mycobacterium spp. (mdpi.com)
  • The Black Sea Raid was an Ottoman naval sortie against Russian ports in the Black Sea on 29 October 1914, supported by Germany, that led to the Ottoman entry into World War I. The attack was conceived by Ottoman War Minister Enver Pasha, German Admiral Wilhelm Souchon and the German foreign ministry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Together with the advent of long-range nuclear weapons, this dramatically decreased the strategic value of any naval activity in the Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was naval port of Soviet Union in Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • United Nations Naval Peace Operations in the Territorial Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Aside from the right of free passage, US naval activity in the Black Sea served the purpose of upholding US rights under the 1936 Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits. (wikipedia.org)
  • These engagements were a part of the naval Black Sea campaigns between Axis and Soviet naval forces. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea - Azov Sea Shipping company split into Black Sea Shipping Company, Azov Sea Shipping Company and Georgian Shipping Company after World War II. (wikipedia.org)
  • International Black Sea University has the objective of training Georgian and foreign students in scientific, technical and professional fields of study, and of using these studies in the fields of pure and applied research for contributing to the economic and social necessities of Georgia and other countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Georgian military operation, encouraged also by a German military mission, resulted in the occupation of Adler (3 July), Sochi (6 July), and Tuapse (27 July) along the Black Sea coastline. (wikipedia.org)
  • On March 14, 1919 a Georgian delegation presented at Paris peace conference a project of the borders of the country in which it demanded a part of the former Black Sea province up to the small river Makopse 14 km southeast to the town Tuapse. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea has unique natural conditions like a positive net freshwater balance and very specific local currents. (eurekalert.org)
  • Ancient Black Sea shipwrecks is the study of shipwrecks found in the Black Sea which date to Antiquity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sea-trading on the Black Sea was most intense during the period of late antiquity, between the 2nd and 7th centuries AD. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bosporan Kingdom was centred around the Kerch Strait between the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, known in antiquity as the Cimmerian Bosporus from where the kingdom's name derived. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was first described from the Don and Kuban estuaries of the Sea of Azov (which was called the Lake of Maeotis in antiquity), and also occurs in the Black Sea, all of which are areas of low salinity. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, the researchers reconstructed past changes in salinity and temperature as the possible causes for plankton community shifts in the Black Sea. (whoi.edu)
  • By examining the ratio of two hydrogen isotopes in the alkenones, they were able to map the salinity trend in the Black Sea over the last 6,500 years. (whoi.edu)
  • Also, due to the river inflow, water in the sea has low salinity and a high amount of biomass (such as green algae) that affects the water colour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Previous investigations have shown that the reef-forming microbial mats in the Black Sea are dominated by anaerobic methanotrophs (ANME-1 and -2) and a variety of Crenarcheota and have relatively high bacterial diversity ( 1 , 19 , 23 , 34 , 35 , 40 , 42 , 44 ). (asm.org)
  • Black Sea won the Saltire Award for Literature in 1995 and the Los Angeles Times Book Award for History in 1996. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea hostage crisis took place January 16-19, 1996 on the Black Sea during the First Chechen War. (wikipedia.org)
  • 12. FAO, Environmental Management of Fish Resources in the Black Sea and their Rational Exploitation (Rome: Circular letter No. 909, ISSN 0429-9329, Preliminary version, 1996) 198 pp. 13. (brill.com)
  • In 1997, William Ryan, Walter Pitman and their colleagues published their hypothesis that a massive flooding of the Black Sea occurred about 5600 BC through the Bosphorus. (wikipedia.org)
  • 5. A. S. Bologa, "Marine Biological Research around the Black Sea," Noesis 22 (1997): 53-64. (brill.com)
  • A Study of Change and Decline (New York: GEF Black Sea Environmental Programme, U.N. Publications, Black Sea Environmental Series 3, 1997), 208 pp. 8. (brill.com)
  • The overall objective of the BSERP is to support participating countries in the development of national policies and legislation and the definition of priority actions to avoid that discharge of nitrogen and phosphorus to the Black Sea exceed those levels as observed in 1997. (thegef.org)
  • See Black Sea Campaigns (1941-44) for more details. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Balkan Mountains cross the country reaching to the edge of the Black Sea at Cape Emine, dividing the coastline into a southern and northern part. (wikipedia.org)
  • Up to five more Soviet submarines were sunk by Romanian mines while operating off the Western Black Sea coastline during the Battle of Stalingrad: M-33 and M-60 were sunk near Odessa on 24 August and 26 September respectively, Shch-208 and Shch-213 were sunk near Constanța on 26 August and 14 October respectively and L-24 was sunk near Shabla on 15 December. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bokek Dead Sea Bath Salts is a powerful remedy for healthy skin. (targetwoman.com)
  • If you prefer to use Bokek Dead Sea Bath Salts on a regular basis to maintain good health, you can use two handfuls daily. (targetwoman.com)
  • In the subsequent incident of 1988, the same USS Yorktown and USS Caron, while claiming the innocent passage again in the Black Sea, were bumped by the Soviet vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the 1986 incident in the Black Sea, involving USS Yorktown and USS Caron, a meeting of the Soviet Defence Council was held later in the same year. (wikipedia.org)
  • It ceased to exist when Black Sea Soviet Republic was built in spring, 1918. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea Shipyard built all of the Soviet Navy's aircraft carrying ships and continues to build large commercial ships. (wikipedia.org)
  • The U.S. actions in the Black Sea were challenged by the Soviet Union several times prior to the 1986 incident, particularly on 9 December 1968, August 1979 and on 18 February 1984. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was merged into the Kuban-Black Sea Soviet Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • Azov-Black Sea Krai (Russian: Азово-Черноморский край, Azovo-Chernomorskiy kray) was an early krai of Russian SFSR of the Soviet Union. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kuban Black Sea Oblast (Russian: Куба́но-Черномо́рская о́бласть) was an administrative division (an oblast) of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic which existed in 1920-1924. (wikipedia.org)
  • On August 7, 1920, the jurisdiction over Kuban Black Sea Oblast, as well as over several neighboring territories, was transferred to the Revolutionary Soviet of the South-East Russian Labor Army. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Kuban-Black Sea Soviet Republic (May 30 - July 6, 1918) was part of the Russian SFSR. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was created by merging the Black Sea Soviet Republic and Kuban Soviet Republic. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1980s, the Soviet Union viewed the US presence in the Black Sea as an attempt to undermine improving Soviet-American relations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Russian general Denikin and his colleagues insisted, however, that the border between Georgia (though not yet recognized by either White or Soviet leadership) and the White-controlled Kuban People's Republic should be that between the former Russian guberniyas of Kutais and Black Sea, i.e. slightly in the north to the Bzyb River. (wikipedia.org)
  • The three large biomass populations of black sea bass are the mid-Atlantic stock, from Cape Cod in Massachusetts to Cape Hatteras in North Carolina, the South Atlantic stock, from Cape Hatteras to the southern tip of the Florida peninsula, and the Gulf of Mexico stock, from the southern tip of the Florida peninsula to Texas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sea-run populations are currently at low numbers, but the resident river stocks are doing well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Status of small cetacean populations in the Black Sea: Review of current information and suggestions for future research. (iucnredlist.org)
  • Consumers surveys allowed to define the perception of traditional foods by the Black Sea area populations and migrants and by the Italians, allowing a preliminary, although not fully quantitative indication about the perceptual characters that may have the highest acceptance impact. (europa.eu)
  • The company can trace its history to May 16, 1833 when the Black Sea Society of Steamships (ROPiT) was established as means of permanent communications between Odessa and Istanbul, but the company disappeared after the Crimean War of the 1850s. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is why some ships of Black Sea Shipping Company ships were handed over changed to Azov Sea Shipping Company and home port was changed from Odessa to Zhdanov. (wikipedia.org)
  • Odessa (City on the Black Sea)" is a song by the English rock band the Bee Gees, written by Barry, Robin & Maurice Gibb in 1968 and released in early 1969. (wikipedia.org)
  • The song was called "Odessa (on the White Sea)" in this early version, and Barry identifies the ship in a spoken intro as a Dutch ship called Onstrauss and the date as 14 February 1866. (wikipedia.org)
  • This reel would follow the preceding one, since it ends with what is called a retake of "Odessa on the White Sea", probably the final take of the great song to which the orchestra was added later. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antique and Medieval Coins of the Northern Black Sea Area : Catalogue of the Collection / Odessa Numismatics Museum. (wikipedia.org)
  • Exercise Sea Shield is an annual event and is open to NATO Allies and partner nations. (nato.int)
  • News: NATO forces take part in exercise Sea Breeze in the Black Sea, 20-Jul. (nato.int)
  • Standing NATO Maritime Group Two is taking part in the multinational exercise Sea Breeze, which began on Monday (20 July 2020) in the Black Sea. (nato.int)
  • According to a study from 2001 the modern sill is 32-34 m (105-112 ft) below sea level, and consists of Quaternary sand over-lying Paleozoic bedrock in which three sills are found at 80-85 m (260-280 ft) below sea level. (wikipedia.org)
  • Distribution and abundance of cetaceans in the Sea of Azov and Kerch Strait: Results of aerial survey (July 2001). (iucnredlist.org)
  • The Black Sea undersea river is a current of particularly saline water flowing through the Bosphorus Strait and along the seabed of the Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • During World War I, there were a number of encounters between the Russian and Ottoman navies in the Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was known in Ottoman Turkish as the Balük-Denis ("Fish Sea") from its high productivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study used a model to simulate possible temperature changes and predict long term trends in the Black Sea's hydrodynamics. (eurekalert.org)
  • The simulations in this study, covering five decades, show no significant long-term trend in the Black Sea's average surface water temperature. (eurekalert.org)
  • The black sea bass (Centropristis striata) is an exclusively marine grouper found more commonly in northern than in southern ranges. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adult black sea bass being stripped for eggs Juveniles Black sea bass at Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary in Georgia Black sea bass are highly sought after by recreational and commercial fisherman, and thus can be overfished. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Sea Rotational Force 13 deployed for six months from February to August 2013 as a Special Purpose Marine Air-Ground Task Force (SP-MAGTF) and consisted of almost 300 United States Marines and United States Navy sailors primarily from 2nd Battalion, 2nd Marine Regiment, 2nd Marine Division. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proceedings of the First International Symposium on the Marine Mammals of the Black Sea. (iucnredlist.org)
  • However, during glacial sea level lowstands, the marine connection was hindered, and the Black Sea functioned as a giant lake," says WHOI geologist Liviu Giosan. (whoi.edu)
  • It is shown that the main types of sea surface oil pollution are ship discharges and natural marine hydrocarbon seepages. (mdpi.com)
  • The Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) adopted new regulations governing the recreational harvest of black sea bass to meet the 33-percent harvest reduction required by the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission. (ny.gov)
  • Black sea bass are very popular with marine anglers, but under the current federal catch limits New York's recreational landings must be further restricted,' said DEC Commissioner Joe Martens. (ny.gov)
  • The broth intensifies the marine element of the cephalopod, which is more clearly distinguished by the sea lettuce. (lomejordelagastronomia.com)
  • Marine fish, black sea Scorpion Scorpaena porcus. (gleumes.info)
  • During the expedition, regular measurements were made of environmental parameters and the level of pollution of the sea water, assessments of the state of marine flora and fauna, and a variety of medical experiments were conducted. (wikipedia.org)
  • In partnership with the Romanian Ministry of Defence, we are delighted to announce our Balkan and Black Sea Offsets conference, the newest addition to the SMi offset conference portfolio. (smi-online.co.uk)
  • The Black Sea host played a crucial role in the Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1797. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to produce a Black Sea flooding such as the one described by Ryan and Pitman a solid obstruction of the Turkish Straits should have occurred. (wikipedia.org)
  • On Monday, 10 March 1986, the Ticonderoga-class cruiser USS Yorktown, accompanied by the Spruance-class destroyer USS Caron, entered the Black Sea via the Turkish Straits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yalan Dünya (en: False World) is a Turkish TV series produced by Gülse Birsel and directed by Jale Atabey in 2012. (wikipedia.org)
  • To the south it is linked by the narrow (about 4 km or 2.5 mi) Strait of Kerch to the Black Sea, and it is sometimes regarded as a northern extension of the Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2nd-century BC Polybius confidently stated that the strait to the Sea of Azov would close in the near future, presumably due to falling sea levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Few ships that did stay in Black Sea were salvaged in the 1920s, while a large scale new construction programme began in the 1930s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symposium participants follow a programme of interactive sessions and workshops on Black Sea related topics led by prominent speakers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Men's individual archery event at the 2007 Black Sea Games was part of the archery programme and took place at the Akçaabat Fatih Stadium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Initially built as a river monitor, she was converted to a sea-going monitor in early 1918. (wikipedia.org)
  • The deep anoxic shelf of the northwestern Black Sea has numerous gas seeps, which are populated by methanotrophic microbial mats in and above the seafloor. (asm.org)
  • A peculiar type of methane-driven microbial habitat is the large gas seepage area in the anoxic part of the northwestern slope of the Crimean Peninsula in the Black Sea ( 23 ). (asm.org)
  • A monitor of the same class, Alexandru Lahovari, was also converted to sea-going warship in October 1941: she was fitted with a wooden breakwater in the bow and her deck was made waterproof. (wikipedia.org)
  • While it might sound like good news that there has been no long-term increase in the surface water temperatures of the Black Sea, this does not mean that it is unaffected by global warming. (eurekalert.org)
  • This has been done "in connection with NATO's exercise in the Black Sea," the news agency said, citing the Russian Defense Ministry's National Defense Control Center. (b92.net)
  • Black Sea News. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Ottomans initially had the advantage due to their having under their command the German battleship SMS Goeben, but after the two modern Russian dreadnoughts Imperatritsa Mariya and Imperatritsa Ekaterina Velikaya had been built in Mykolaiv, the Russians took command of the sea until the Russian government collapsed in November 1917. (wikipedia.org)
  • The medieval Russians knew it as the Sea of Surozh after the adjacent city now known as Sudak. (wikipedia.org)
  • The highest area is 41 metres (135 ft) above sea level. (wikipedia.org)
  • The lighthouse is an octahedral-shaped building, 12 meters tall, located near the highest elevated area of the island, 40 meters above the sea level. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Black Sea area has been sealed off and reconnected numerous times during the last 500,000 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Establishing security and stability in the wider Black Sea area : international politics and the new and emerging democracies. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is usually treated as part of the Pontic-Caspian steppe which includes the area north of the Black and Caspian Seas, but there is some reason to treat it as a distinct place. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Manych Depression is not much more than 65 feet above sea level and the area around Astrakhan and part of Kalmykia is below sea level. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Axis forces in the Black Sea consisted of the Romanian and Bulgarian Navies together with German and Italian units transported to the area via rail and Canal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cleopatra, considered as one of the most beautiful women in the world, sought to obtain exclusive rights over the Dead Sea area and it is at her command that cosmetic factories were built near the Dead Sea. (targetwoman.com)
  • From the beginning, a considerable effort has been devoted to retrieve information from the basic pool of knowledge of traditional foods of the Black Sea area. (europa.eu)
  • Then the researchers caught, tagged and released the same number of black sea bass in the same area on the same day. (phys.org)
  • Sea of Spa have created an effective black pearl gel serum for the face and eye area that is enriched with Dead Sea minerals, vitamin E and pearl powder to moisturize and nourish the skin. (israel-catalog.com)
  • The Black Sea district was only thinly inhabited since the Russian Empire took control of the area forcing thousands of locals to become Muhajirs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ancient Black Sea Area. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are traces of Neolithic settlement in the area now covered by the sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Black Seas commences with the highlight "Laurie," which balances the kind of seasick tremolo abuse inspired by Loveless with the gloomy, violent and abstract sexuality of Xiu Xiu . (blogspot.com)
  • The Izgrev gas field natural gas field located on the continental shelf of the Black Sea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, the study identifies three distinct periods in which there was a significant shift in the salt water and temperature properties of the Black Sea - 1960-1970, 1970-1995 and 1995-2015. (eurekalert.org)