Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Litter Size: The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.Data Compression: Information application based on a variety of coding methods to minimize the amount of data to be stored, retrieved, or transmitted. Data compression can be applied to various forms of data, such as images and signals. It is used to reduce costs and increase efficiency in the maintenance of large volumes of data.Anoikis: APOPTOSIS triggered by loss of contact with the EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX.Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases: Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of carboxylic acid esters with the formation of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid anion.Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Information Theory: An interdisciplinary study dealing with the transmission of messages or signals, or the communication of information. Information theory does not directly deal with meaning or content, but with physical representations that have meaning or content. It overlaps considerably with communication theory and CYBERNETICS.Insurance, Psychiatric: Insurance providing benefits to cover part or all of the psychiatric care.Burial: The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule L1: A member of the immunoglobulin superfamily of neuronal cell adhesion molecules that is required for proper nervous system development. Neural cell adhesion molecule L1 consists of six Ig domains, five fibronectin domains, a transmembrane region and an intracellular domain. Two splicing variants are known: a neuronal form that contains a four-amino acid RSLE sequence in the cytoplasmic domain, and a non-neuronal form that lacks the RSLE sequence. Mutations in the L1 gene result in L1 disease. Neural cell adhesion molecule L1 is predominantly expressed during development in neurons and Schwann cells; involved in cell adhesion, neuronal migration, axonal growth and pathfinding, and myelination.Reproductive History: An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Weaning: Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.Gravidity: The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Communication Aids for Disabled: Equipment that provides mentally or physically disabled persons with a means of communication. The aids include display boards, typewriters, cathode ray tubes, computers, and speech synthesizers. The output of such aids includes written words, artificial speech, language signs, Morse code, and pictures.Amplifiers, Electronic: Electronic devices that increase the magnitude of a signal's power level or current.Contraceptives, Oral: Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.Analog-Digital Conversion: The process of converting analog data such as continually measured voltage to discrete, digital form.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Hoof and Claw: Highly keratinized processes that are sharp and curved, or flat with pointed margins. They are found especially at the end of the limbs in certain animals.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Postpartum Period: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).Event-Related Potentials, P300: A late-appearing component of the event-related potential. P300 stands for a positive deflection in the event-related voltage potential at 300 millisecond poststimulus. Its amplitude increases with unpredictable, unlikely, or highly significant stimuli and thereby constitutes an index of mental activity. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 6th ed)Teleradiology: The electronic transmission of radiological images from one location to another for the purposes of interpretation and/or consultation. Users in different locations may simultaneously view images with greater access to secondary consultations and improved continuing education. (From American College of Radiology, ACR Standard for Teleradiology, 1994, p3)Brain-Computer Interfaces: Instrumentation consisting of hardware and software that communicates with the BRAIN. The hardware component of the interface records brain signals, while the software component analyzes the signals and converts them into a command that controls a device or sends a feedback signal to the brain.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Pregnancy, Animal: The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Data Display: The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Parturition: The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.Microcomputers: Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.Radiographic Image Enhancement: Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Menarche: The first MENSTRUAL CYCLE marked by the initiation of MENSTRUATION.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Electric Power Supplies: Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.Virus Release: Release of a virus from the host cell following VIRUS ASSEMBLY and maturation. Egress can occur by host cell lysis, EXOCYTOSIS, or budding through the plasma membrane.Delivery, Obstetric: Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.Stillbirth: The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.Endoplasmic Reticulum, Rough: A type of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) where polyribosomes are present on the cytoplasmic surfaces of the ER membranes. This form of ER is prominent in cells specialized for protein secretion and its principal function is to segregate proteins destined for export or intracellular utilization.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Dystocia: Slow or difficult OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH.Telemetry: Transmission of the readings of instruments to a remote location by means of wires, radio waves, or other means. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)DairyingCesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Birth Intervals: The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.Lameness, Animal: A departure from the normal gait in animals.Obstetric Labor Complications: Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Menopause: The last menstrual period. Permanent cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) is usually defined after 6 to 12 months of AMENORRHEA in a woman over 45 years of age. In the United States, menopause generally occurs in women between 48 and 55 years of age.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Osteochondrosis: Any of a group of bone disorders involving one or more ossification centers (EPIPHYSES). It is characterized by degeneration or NECROSIS followed by revascularization and reossification. Osteochondrosis often occurs in children causing varying degrees of discomfort or pain. There are many eponymic types for specific affected areas, such as tarsal navicular (Kohler disease) and tibial tuberosity (Osgood-Schlatter disease).Pregnancy, Prolonged: A term used to describe pregnancies that exceed the upper limit of a normal gestational period. In humans, a prolonged pregnancy is defined as one that extends beyond 42 weeks (294 days) after the first day of the last menstrual period (MENSTRUATION), or birth with gestational age of 41 weeks or more.Housing, AnimalWeight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Entropy: The measure of that part of the heat or energy of a system which is not available to perform work. Entropy increases in all natural (spontaneous and irreversible) processes. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Prenatal Care: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.Insurance Benefits: Payments or services provided under stated circumstances under the terms of an insurance policy. In prepayment programs, benefits are the services the programs will provide at defined locations and to the extent needed.Placenta Diseases: Pathological processes or abnormal functions of the PLACENTA.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Civil Rights: Legal guarantee protecting the individual from attack on personal liberties, right to fair trial, right to vote, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, age, disability, or national origin. (from http://www.usccr.gov/ accessed 1/31/2003)Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules: Cell adhesion molecule involved in a diverse range of contact-mediated interactions among neurons, astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and myotubes. It is widely but transiently expressed in many tissues early in embryogenesis. Four main isoforms exist, including CD56; (ANTIGENS, CD56); but there are many other variants resulting from alternative splicing and post-translational modifications. (From Pigott & Power, The Adhesion Molecule FactsBook, 1993, pp115-119)Human Immunodeficiency Virus Proteins: Proteins synthesized by HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES such as the HIV-1 and HIV-2.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Colostrum: The thin, yellow, serous fluid secreted by the mammary glands during pregnancy and immediately postpartum before lactation begins. It consists of immunologically active substances, white blood cells, water, protein, fat, and carbohydrates.Fetal Death: Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.Animals, Suckling: Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Labor, Obstetric: The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Radiology Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.National Health Insurance, United StatesLactation Disorders: Disturbances of MILK secretion in either SEX, not necessarily related to PREGNANCY.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.ComputersInfant, Low Birth Weight: An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Premature Birth: CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).Antigens, Differentiation: Antigens expressed primarily on the membranes of living cells during sequential stages of maturation and differentiation. As immunologic markers they have high organ and tissue specificity and are useful as probes in studies of normal cell development as well as neoplastic transformation.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Birth Order: The sequence in which children are born into the family.Ataxia: Impairment of the ability to perform smoothly coordinated voluntary movements. This condition may affect the limbs, trunk, eyes, pharynx, larynx, and other structures. Ataxia may result from impaired sensory or motor function. Sensory ataxia may result from posterior column injury or PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES. Motor ataxia may be associated with CEREBELLAR DISEASES; CEREBRAL CORTEX diseases; THALAMIC DISEASES; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES; injury to the RED NUCLEUS; and other conditions.United StatesSwedenBreast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Labor, Induced: Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Infant, Small for Gestational Age: An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.Mitochondrial Proteins: Proteins encoded by the mitochondrial genome or proteins encoded by the nuclear genome that are imported to and resident in the MITOCHONDRIA.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Pregnancy Trimester, Third: The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.NorwayInsurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Endometritis: Inflammation of the ENDOMETRIUM, usually caused by intrauterine infections. Endometritis is the most common cause of postpartum fever.Least-Squares Analysis: A principle of estimation in which the estimates of a set of parameters in a statistical model are those quantities minimizing the sum of squared differences between the observed values of a dependent variable and the values predicted by the model.Diabetes, Gestational: Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Pre-Eclampsia: A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Uterine Prolapse: Downward displacement of the UTERUS. It is classified in various degrees: in the first degree the UTERINE CERVIX is within the vaginal orifice; in the second degree the cervix is outside the orifice; in the third degree the entire uterus is outside the orifice.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Hybrid Vigor: The adaptive superiority of the heterozygous GENOTYPE with respect to one or more characters in comparison with the corresponding HOMOZYGOTE.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.DenmarkPregnancy Trimesters: The three approximately equal periods of a normal human PREGNANCY. Each trimester is about three months or 13 to 14 weeks in duration depending on the designation of the first day of gestation.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Darkness: The absence of light.Pubic Symphysis: A slightly movable cartilaginous joint which occurs between the pubic bones.Infant Mortality: Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Cattle Diseases: Diseases of domestic cattle of the genus Bos. It includes diseases of cows, yaks, and zebus.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Abruptio Placentae: Premature separation of the normally implanted PLACENTA from the UTERUS. Signs of varying degree of severity include UTERINE BLEEDING, uterine MUSCLE HYPERTONIA, and FETAL DISTRESS or FETAL DEATH.Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Fetal Development: Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.OregonCervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.Oman: A sultanate on the southeast coast of the Arabian peninsula. Its capital is Masqat. Before the 16th century it was ruled by independent emirs but was captured and controlled by the Portuguese 1508-1648. In 1741 it was recovered by a descendent of Yemen's imam. After its decline in the 19th century, it became virtually a political and economic dependency within the British Government of India, retaining close ties with Great Britain by treaty from 1939 to 1970 when it achieved autonomy. The name was recorded by Pliny in the 1st century A.D. as Omana, said to be derived from the founder of the state, Oman ben Ibrahim al-Khalil. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p890; Oman Embassy, Washington; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Reproductive Behavior: Human behavior or decision related to REPRODUCTION.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a blood disease (HEMATOLOGIC DISEASES) which involves BLOOD CELLS or COAGULATION FACTORS. The hematologic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Swine Diseases: Diseases of domestic swine and of the wild boar of the genus Sus.Placenta, Retained: A placenta that fails to be expelled after BIRTH of the FETUS. A PLACENTA is retained when the UTERUS fails to contract after the delivery of its content, or when the placenta is abnormally attached to the MYOMETRIUM.Bacillaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family BACILLACEAE.Employee Retirement Income Security Act: A 1974 Federal act which preempts states' rights with regard to workers' pension benefits and employee benefits. It does not affect the benefits and rights of employees whose employer is self-insured. (From Slee & Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993)Congenital Abnormalities: Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.Fetal Macrosomia: A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Hysterectomy: Excision of the uterus.Foot Diseases: Anatomical and functional disorders affecting the foot.Obstetric Labor, Premature: Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).Sex Ratio: The number of males per 100 females.Estrus: The period in the ESTROUS CYCLE associated with maximum sexual receptivity and fertility in non-primate female mammals.Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Maternal Welfare: Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.Pregnancy, Multiple: The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.Intrauterine Devices: Contraceptive devices placed high in the uterine fundus.Uterine Cervical Erosion: Loss or destruction of the epithelial lining of the UTERINE CERVIX.Labor Onset: The beginning of true OBSTETRIC LABOR which is characterized by the cyclic uterine contractions of increasing frequency, duration, and strength causing CERVICAL DILATATION to begin (LABOR STAGE, FIRST ).Viral Regulatory and Accessory Proteins: A broad category of viral proteins that play indirect roles in the biological processes and activities of viruses. Included here are proteins that either regulate the expression of viral genes or are involved in modifying host cell functions. Many of the proteins in this category serve multiple functions.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Insemination, Artificial: Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.Urinary Incontinence: Involuntary loss of URINE, such as leaking of urine. It is a symptom of various underlying pathological processes. Major types of incontinence include URINARY URGE INCONTINENCE and URINARY STRESS INCONTINENCE.Perineum: The body region lying between the genital area and the ANUS on the surface of the trunk, and to the shallow compartment lying deep to this area that is inferior to the PELVIC DIAPHRAGM. The surface area is between the VULVA and the anus in the female, and between the SCROTUM and the anus in the male.Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal: Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Pelvic Floor: Soft tissue formed mainly by the pelvic diaphragm, which is composed of the two levator ani and two coccygeus muscles. The pelvic diaphragm lies just below the pelvic aperture (outlet) and separates the pelvic cavity from the PERINEUM. It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly.Rectocele: Herniation of the RECTUM into the VAGINA.Labor Presentation: The position or orientation of the FETUS at near term or during OBSTETRIC LABOR, determined by its relation to the SPINE of the mother and the birth canal. The normal position is a vertical, cephalic presentation with the fetal vertex flexed on the NECK.Receptors, Immunologic: Cell surface molecules on cells of the immune system that specifically bind surface molecules or messenger molecules and trigger changes in the behavior of cells. Although these receptors were first identified in the immune system, many have important functions elsewhere.Maternal Exposure: Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Uterine Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the UTERUS.Pattern Recognition, Automated: In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Medical Indigency: The condition in which individuals are financially unable to access adequate medical care without depriving themselves and their dependents of food, clothing, shelter, and other essentials of living.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Lobelia: A plant genus of the family CAMPANULACEAE used medicinally and is a source of LOBELINE.Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Perinatal Mortality: Deaths occurring from the 28th week of GESTATION to the 28th day after birth in a given population.Ovulation: The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Diet, Cariogenic: A diet that contributes to the development and advancement of DENTAL CARIES.Puerperal Disorders: Disorders or diseases associated with PUERPERIUM, the six-to-eight-week period immediately after PARTURITION in humans.Labor Stage, First: Period from the onset of true OBSTETRIC LABOR to the complete dilatation of the CERVIX UTERI.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Pregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
Parity check[edit]. See also: Parity bit. Parity check is the special case where n = k + 1. From a set of k values {. v. i. }. ... If the order of F is less than 2b, where b is the number of bits in a symbol, then multiple polynomials can be used. ... In coding theory, an erasure code is a forward error correction (FEC) code under the assumption of bit erasures (rather than ... This example is a little bit contrived. For truly generic erasure codes that work over any data set, we would need something ...
... bits: 32); parity_bit : bit; // Subtyping the ODD type when ODD'subtype_field base_ex_u { // This is a simple constraint that ... data_payload : list of byte; !parity_field : uint (bits: 32); // '!' prevents the parity_field from being randomized. keep soft ... XORs the index bit 0 of data_word and increments that value keep parity_bit == (data_word[0:0] ^ data_word[0:0] + 1); }; // ... keep parity_bit == (data_word[0:0] ^ data_word[0:0]); }; }; ', Extending Methods[edit]. The original unit definition is given ...
... bit; Abnormal transmitter operation identification bit; Several parity bits. Since 2003, 14 previously unused bits of the time ... Bit 59 (no amplitude modulation) is phase-modulated as a 0-bit. Bits 0-9 are phase modulated as 1 bits, and bits 10-14 are ... Current date and time bits; Leap second warning bit; Imminent change of CET to CEST, or vice versa, Announcement bit; Central ... bit 59 is transmitted as an ordinary 0-bit, and the first 10 bits (seconds 0-9) are transmitted as binary 1. When compared to ...
bits encodes the result of a parity function of matrix F. {\displaystyle \mathbf {F} }. linking one or more bits of the ... bits contain parity information.. Polar codes are based on the observation that specific bits in the input data tend to be ... Parity-Check Constraint[edit]. Let the likelihood ratio of function f. {\displaystyle f}. be:. l. f. (. a. ,. b. ). ≜. P. (. f ... The information bits [. 0. 1. 1. 1. ]. {\displaystyle [0\ 1\ 1\ 1]}. are stored in the information vector u. =. [. 0. 1. 1. 0. ...
In the 26 bit Wiegand format bit 1 is an even parity bit. Bits 2-9 are a facility code. Bits 10-25 are the card number. Bit 26 ... Other formats have a similar structure of leading facility code followed by card number and including parity bits for error ... A common proximity format is 26 bit Wiegand. This format uses a facility code also called a site code. The facility code is ... To counteract this problem some manufacturers have created formats beyond 26 bit Wiegand that they control and issue to an ...
... bit 1 is an even parity bit. Bits 2-9 are a facility code. Bits 10-25 are the card number. Bit 26 is an odd parity bit. 1/8/16/ ... Wiegand was also stretched to 34 bits, 56 bits and many others. There are two types of smart cards: contact and contactless. ... 1. Other formats have a similar structure of a leading facility code followed by the card number and including parity bits for ... A common proximity format is 26-bit Wiegand. This format uses a facility code, sometimes also called a site code. The facility ...
Word size was 32 bits, plus parity. Up to 32k words of memory could be used. Single and Double precision floating point were ...
In 2012, the firm launched the Salient Risk Parity Index, purportedly the first of its kind for the industry. Dr. W. Ben Hunt, ... Bit, Kelly (February 11, 2015). "Salient Said to Buy Forward to Expand Alternative Funds". Bloomberg. Retrieved December 4, ... Wigglesworth, Robin (September 2, 2015). "Risk parity funds suffer a cruel summer". Financial Times. Retrieved December 4, 2017 ... McCann, Bailey (August 21, 2012). "Salient Partners launches Salient Risk Parity Index". Opalesque. Retrieved December 4, 2017 ...
... s can be detected with parity bits. In genetics, a framing error (also called a frameshift or a frameshift ... The symbols are bits and the blocks are bytes, ten bits in asynchronous transmission and eight in synchronous. A framing error ...
Words were 24 bits plus a parity bit. This was backed up by a variety of secondary storage devices, including a 1376 kWord drum ... with the exception of the 12-bit SDS 92. Like most systems of the era, the machine was built with a bank of core memory as the ... and was based on the SDS 930's 24-bit CPU built primarily of integrated circuits. It was announced in February 1966 and shipped ...
Parity checks can be applied to single characters (VRC-vertical redundancy check), resulting in an additional parity bit or to ... Parity Checks only detect odd numbers of flipped bits. The even numbers of bit errors stay undetected. A possible improvement ... A CRC detects all one- or two-bit errors, all odd errors, all burst errors if the burst is smaller than the CRC, and most of ... Erroneous bit-changes in data-bytes while stored in memory, cache, register, or transmitted on a bus are known. These data- ...
The data bus is 18 bits wide plus parity. 16 bits was used for PDP-11 and VAX systems, 18 bits for DEC-10s. Multiple devices of ...
9600 baud, 7 data bits, 2 stop bits, even parity.) The controller, while in one physical box, is actually two machines. The one ...
The ACIA has programmable word lengths of 5, 6, 7 or 8 bits; even, odd or no parity 1, 1½ or 2 stop bits. The ACIA is designed ... The transmitter rate can be selected under program control to be 1 of 15 different rates from 50 to 19,200 bits per second, or ... The control register controls the number of stop bits, the word length, receiver clock source and transmit/receive rate. The ... The command register controls parity, receiver echo mode, transmitter interrupt control, the state of the RTS line, receiver ...
A parity bit is a bit that is added to a group of source bits to ensure that the number of set bits (i.e., bits with value 1) ... An even number of flipped bits will make the parity bit appear correct even though the data is erroneous. Extensions and ... and attaches a fixed number of check bits (or parity data), which are derived from the data bits by some deterministic ... Even parity is a special case of a cyclic redundancy check, where the single-bit CRC is generated by the divisor x + 1. The ...
He noticed that "the parity of all the bits of the plaintext and the ciphertext is a constant, depending only on the key. So, ... parity refers to the XOR sum of all the bits. In 1995, Ken Shirriff found a differential attack on Madryga that requires 5,000 ... The algorithm looks at three bytes at a time, so Madryga is a 24-bit block cipher. It XORs a key byte with the rightmost byte, ... then rotated to the left by 3 bits. It is rotated again after each iteration of rotation and XOR. The rightmost byte of it is ...
... so some bits may arrive before others, which may corrupt the message. A parity bit can help to reduce this. However, electrical ... This can be used over longer distances as a check digit or parity bit can be sent along it easily. In telecommunications, ... For example, "0100 0001" would become "1 0100 0001 0". The extra one (or zero, depending on parity bit) at the start and end of ... In the previous example the start and stop bits are in bold. The start and stop bits must be of opposite polarity.[citation ...
... and bit-level acceleration; Parity, Population count, Bit permute and Compare byte. The FPU is taken straight from the PowerPC ... The e5500 core is the first 64-bit Power Architecture core designed solely by Freescale and was introduced at Freescale ... The PowerPC e5500 is a 64-bit Power Architecture-based microprocessor core from Freescale Semiconductor. The core implements ... Freescale unveils 64-bit QorIQ platform and extends high performance product portfolio for multicore processors Introducing the ...
48 KB w/DED parity / 32 KB w/ECC L1 per core; 512 KB-2 MB L2 shared w/ECC; 44-bit physical addresses 4.1 - 4.5 DMIPS/MHz[42][43 ... 48 KB w/DED parity / 32 KB w/ECC L1 per core; 512 KB-2 MB L2 shared w/ECC; 44-bit physical addresses 4.7 DMIPS/MHz ... 8−64 KB w/parity / 8−64 KB w/ECC L1 per core, 128 KB-1 MB L2 shared, 40-bit physical addresses 1.78 DMIPS/MHz ... 8−64 KB w/parity / 8−64 KB w/ECC L1 per core, 128 KB-2 MB L2 shared, 40-bit physical addresses 2.3 DMIPS/MHz ...
Castagnoli, G.; S. Brauer; M. Herrmann (June 1993). "Optimization of Cyclic Redundancy-Check Codes with 24 and 32 Parity Bits ... Chunk type An 8-bit value predefined by the IETF to identify the contents of the chunk value field. Chunk flags Eight flag-bits ... Chunk length A 16-bit unsigned value specifying the total length of the chunk in bytes (excludes any padding) that includes ... Parameter type = 6 This parameter identifies an unrecognized chunk when the chunk type's most-significant bits are 01 or 11. ...
Parity shard bits are computed by the Reed-Solomon error correction algorithm. The shards are stored in 20 storage pods, each ... Data uploaded onto Backblaze's data center is sharded into 17 data shards plus three parity shards for each file. ...
An odd parity bit, called C, is also included. Arithmetic is 10-based with the one's position at the high- and the most ... When the character is an operation code or is the first character in a field, another bit, called word mark, is included. ... The 1410 stores alphameric characters internally in binary-coded decimal (BCD) form, spanning 6 bits called BA8421. ...
Each burst may contain up to two megabits of data (including parity bits). There are 64 parity bits for each 191 data bits, ...
The TDIF-1 Version 1.1 specification includes parity and other channel information bits. TDIF-1 Version 2.0 includes ...
minor cycles and a word length of 480 bits (488 bits with parity). Accesses are fully pipelined and buffered, so the two have ... It is a reduced instruction set computer with a 15-bit instruction word containing a six-bit operation code. There are only 64 ... There are ten 60-bit read registers and ten 60-bit write registers, each with an address register. Moving an address to an ... the 7600 used 60-bit words with instructions that were generally 15-bits in length (although there were longer versions). ...
The DS-3 M-frame uses P bits to check the line parity. The M-subframe uses C bits in a format called C-bit parity, which copies ... DS3) A FEBE in C-bit parity is a parity violation detected at the far-end terminal and transmitted back to the near-end ... An ATM interface reports detected C-bit parity errors back to the source via a far-end block error (FEBE). ( Cisco.com all ... If an error is detected on the incoming DS3, the terminating elements transmit a FEBE bit on the outgoing direction of the DS3 ...
Most forward error correction codes correct only bit-flips, but not bit-insertions or bit-deletions. In this setting, the ... Low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes are a class of highly efficient linear block codes made from many single parity check ( ... Cyclic redundancy checks (CRCs) can correct 1-bit errors for messages at most 2. n. −. 1. −. 1. {\displaystyle 2^{n-1}-1}. bits ... each group of the same letter represents a 4-bit one-bit error-correcting codeword. The codeword cccc is altered in one bit and ...
This pad is either all '1' bits or alternating '0' and '1' bits. The next transmission begins with a pad character which can be ... USASCII characters are also transmitted using odd parity for additional checking. Pad characters are required following a line ... This allows the receiver to find the beginning of a frame by searching the received bit stream for the SYN pattern. When this ... Six-bit Transcode looked backwards to older systems; USASCII with 128 characters and EBCDIC with 256 characters looked forward ...
... even parity bit and odd parity bit. In the case of even parity, for a given set of bits, the occurrences of bits whose value is ... but is not used for parity, it may be referred to as a mark parity bit if the parity bit is always 1, or a space parity bit if ... A parity bit is only guaranteed to detect an odd number of bit errors. If an even number of bits have errors, the parity bit ... A parity bit, or check bit, is a bit added to a string of binary code to ensure that the total number of 1-bits in the string ...
Parity Bits + , Parity Bits + , Parity Bits + Creation dateThis property is a special property in this wiki. 3 December 2013 09 ... Parity Bits Has description Is a placeholder for discussion about the shared values of the CCC community and how to protect and ...
Definitions of parity bit: *noun: (computer science) abit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is ... Search for parity bit at other dictionaries: OneLook, Oxford, American Heritage, Merriam-Webster, Wikipedia. Help Advanced ... if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1s must contain an error ... added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1s or an even number of 1s; e.g., ...
Is a placeholder for discussion about the shared values of the CCC community and how to protect and further develop them for future generations of nerds to come. (It is right now heavily work in progress and has nothing to deliver, yet ...
can it be forced to 7 bit ascii or can i convert the 7 bit ascii even parity to 7 bit ascii easily?. the convert route is not ... when the code is stored it is stored a 7 bit ascii even parity. so some how perl takes 7 bit ascii and turns it into 7 bit ... convert 7 bit even parity to 7 bit ascii. by bear0053 (Hermit) *Log in ... Re: convert 7 bit even parity to 7 bit ascii by iburrell (Chaplain) on Mar 09, 2004 at 19:52 UTC ...
The systematic bit data and the parity bit data are modulated independently of each other such that communication quality is ... The systematic bit data and the parity bit data are then transmitted. ... better when a modulation scheme for the systematic bit data is changed than when a modulation scheme for the parity bit data is ... A transmission apparatus and method turbo-encode data and output systematic bit and parity bit data. ...
9-bit parity generators/checkers feature odd and even outputs to facilitate operation of either odd or even parity application. ... Generates Either Odd or Even Parity for Nine Data Lines *Cascadable for N-Bits Parity *Package Options Include Plastic Small- ... 9-bit parity generators/checkers feature odd and even outputs to facilitate operation of either odd or even parity application ... SN74F280B (ACTIVE) 9-bit odd/even parity generators / checkers In English. 中文内容. 日本語表示. ...
28-Bit 1:2 Registered Buffer with Parity Back to top NOTICE - The following device(s) are recommended alternatives:. ... 74SSTUBF32865A - 28-Bit 1:2 Registered Buffer with Parity. Pin-to-pin compatible ...
There are two variants of parity bits: even parity bit and odd parity bit. In the case of even parity, for a given set of bits ... but is not used for parity, it may be referred to as a mark parity bit if the parity bit is always 1, or a space parity bit if ... A parity bit is only guaranteed to detect an odd number of bit errors. If an even number of bits have errors, the parity bit ... which have 7 bits, leaving the 8th bit as a parity bit. For example, the parity bit can be computed as follows, assuming we are ...
1. parity bit (n.). (computer science) a bit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is added to each ... if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1s must contain an error ... group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1s or an even number of 1s; e.g., ...
... an efficient and simple implementation of 9-bit parity checker design using 4-2 compressors is presented; for generation o... ... Parity checkers are used for single bit error detection in the receiver end. The parity checkers detects both odd and even ... In this paper, an efficient and simple implementation of 9-bit parity checker design using 4-2 compressors is presented; for ... An Efficient High-Speed 9-Bit Parity Checker Using 4-2 Compressors. ...
In data transmission, a bit (either a 1 or a 0) added to a character code to ensure that the total number of 1s in the code is ...
... added to a group of bits to make its sum odd or even, for checking its integrity during transmission or storage. Se also parity ... Binary digit (0 or 1) added to a group of bits to make its sum odd or even, for checking its integrity during transmission or ... Definition of parity bit: Binary digit (0 or 1) ...
9-Bit Odd/Even Parity Generator/Checker. Others with the same file for datasheet:. CD74AC280M96E4, CD74AC280ME4, CD74ACT280EE4 ...
9-Bit Odd/Even Parity Generators/Checkers. Others with the same file for datasheet:. SN74LS280DR2, SN74LS280ML1, SN74LS280ML2, ...
... or even-parity applications. The word-length capability is easily expanded by cascading.,br,These devices can ... These universal 9-bit parity generators/checkers utilize advanced Schottky high-performance circuitry and feature odd and even ... Cascadable for n-Bit Parity. Can Be Used to Upgrade Existing Systems Using MSI Parity Circuits 14 pin DIP. Actual brand may ... These universal 9-bit parity generators/checkers utilize advanced Schottky high-performance circuitry and feature odd and even ...
... each having a predetermined number of bits. An internal memory array stores a plurality of error correcting encoded codewords ... there are two parity bits. The combination of the 16 data bits and the two parity bits totals 18 bits, making this a by-18 ... An eight-bit parity input terminal 55 is coupled to the parity output terminal PO of ECC 70 (of FIG. 2). The eight parity bits ... An eight-bit parity input terminal 65 is coupled to the parity output terminal PO of ECC 70 (of FIG. 2). The eight parity bits ...
Bit Error Rate Performance of a MIMO-CDMA System Employing Parity-Bit-Selected Spreading in Frequency Nonselective Rayleigh ... The analysis presented demonstrates that parity-bit-selected spreading provides an asymptotic gain of dB over conventional MIMO ... system employing parity-bit-selected spreading in slowly varying, flat Rayleigh fading. The analysis is done for spatially ... We analytically derive the upper bound for the bit error rate (BER) performance of a single user multiple input multiple output ...
Both even and odd parity outputs are available for checking or generating parity for words up to nine bits long. Even parity is ... Parity checking for words larger than 9 bits can be accomplished by tying the ?E output to any input of an additional HC/HCT280 ... HCT280 are 9-bit odd/even parity, generator checker devices. ... Odd parity is indicated (?O output is high) when an odd number ... CD74HCT280 9-Bit Parity Generator/Checker. The TEXAS INSTRUMENTS (TI) HC280 and HCT280 are 9-bit odd/even parity, generator ...
18-bit latched transceiver with 16-bit parity generator/checker 3-State ... 18-bit latched transceiver with 16-bit parity generator/checker 3-State. Others with the same file for datasheet:. BT16899DGG, ...
Ist für die Datenübertragung ein Parity Bit (hier ungerade Parität) vorgesehen, wird es zusätzlich nach dem letzten Daten-Bit, ...
I have set up a Storage Spaces with parity on 10 2TB hard disks. I am using just over 10TB but storage spaces is reporting that ... I have set up a Storage Spaces with parity on 10 2TB hard disks.. I am using just over 10TB but storage spaces is reporting ... And for reference if anyone is wondering i store the below data in a 3 way parity storage space:. 3.53 tb of data. and it uses ... I assume that is for parity data but that is just excessive.. Is there a way to reduce the aggressive redundancy back I only ...
CHARACTER STRUCTURE AND CHARACTER PARITY SENSE FOR PARALLEL-BY-BIT DATA COMMUNICATION IN THE AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD CODE ... This standard specifies the character structure and character parity sense for parallel-by-bit data communication using the ... TELECOMMUNICATIONS: CHARACTER STRUCTURE AND CHARACTER PARITY SENSE FOR PARALLEL-BY-BIT DATA COMMUNICATION IN THE AMERICAN ... The parity sense required for 8-level perforated paper tape is not a part of this standard. ...
Otherwise, it consumes 2 block RAMs without using the parity bits. ... it fits into a single block RAM if the parity bits are used for the read port. ... Does Vivado Synthesis make use of the parity bits for Asymmetric block RAM inference? For example, when the write port is 9x4K ... Otherwise, it consumes 2 block RAMs without using the parity bits.. Solution. Vivado Synthesis does not support parity bits for ...
Looking for abbreviations of LBIP? It is Line Bit Interleave Parity. Line Bit Interleave Parity listed as LBIP ... Line Bit Interleave Parity - How is Line Bit Interleave Parity abbreviated? https://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com/Line+Bit+ ... redirected from Line Bit Interleave Parity) Acronym. Definition. LBIP. Land Base Investment Program (Ministry of Forests and ... a href=https://acronyms.thefreedictionary.com/Line+Bit+Interleave+Parity,LBIP,/a,. *Facebook ...
  • Both receiver and sender must agree to use parity checking and whether to go with even or odd methodology. (reference.com)
  • If it finds an odd number of set bits, the receiver knows there was an error during transmission. (divilabs.com)
  • The receiver having what Avnera calls a "forward error correction packet repair algorithm" is then able to determine if that particular frame is corrupt and use the additional bits to correct the frame all in real time. (techrepublic.com)
  • Extensions and variations on the parity bit mechanism are horizontal redundancy checks , vertical redundancy checks , and "double," "dual," or "diagonal" parity used in RAID-DP. (tierraymar.cl)
  • 2) Function f2 checks if last bit of a number is one and shifts number with every iteration until it's zero (no more ones). (codingberg.com)
  • On the receiving side, the device checks to make sure that it has an even number of set bits. (divilabs.com)
  • In a parallel bus, there is one longitudinal redundancy check bit per parallel signal. (napkc.com)
  • Once the corrupt bit is located, its value is reverted (from 0 to 1 or 1 to 0) to get the original message. (napkc.com)
  • Sorry this will be how to fix memory parity error blue screen cards seem to it was after their login. (apknoid.com)
  • G is a maximum number of zeroes between two ones, I is a maximum number of zeroes between two ones in either a first subsequence or a second subsequence where the first subsequence includes odd bits associated with a DC-balanced sequence and the second subsequence includes even bits associated with the DC-balanced sequence, and S is a number of bits per symbol associated with a systematic ECC. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Parity bits are generally applied to the smallest units of a communication protocol, typically 8-bit octets (bytes), although they can also be applied separately to an entire message string of bits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Does Vivado Synthesis make use of the parity bits for Asymmetric block RAM (BRAM) inference? (xilinx.com)
  • For example, when the write port is 9x4K and the read port is 36x1K, it fits into a single block RAM if the parity bits are used for the read port. (xilinx.com)
  • Otherwise, it consumes 2 block RAMs without using the parity bits. (xilinx.com)
  • Vivado Synthesis does not support parity bits for Asymmetric block RAM inference. (xilinx.com)
  • And, doesn't the 'LGA 1366' what is parity error check block vs. 'Socket AM3' affect what it would an external hardrive? (apknoid.com)
  • However, if this twelve-bit pattern was received as " " - where the first block is unlike the other two - it can be determined that an error has occurred. (tierraymar.cl)
  • A flash memory is managed by reserving one or more cells as flag cells to represent the number N of bits to store in the cells of a memory block, selecting the value of N from at least three candidates, and programming the flag cell(s) to represent the selected value. (google.de)
  • If a bit is present at a point otherwise dedicated to a parity bit, but is not used for parity, it may be referred to as a mark parity bit if the parity bit is always 1, or a space parity bit if the bit is always 0. (wikipedia.org)
  • The other part of is that, (if I'm interpreting the documentation correctly), SS will create at least one slab per drive each time for a parity space. (bit-tech.net)
  • Also as a general warning if you set a storage space to thin provisioning and set the max drive space to say 10x your current storage and then encrypt it with bit locker it will need 10x your drive space to recover a broken partition and decrypt. (bit-tech.net)
  • parodd (- parodd ) Select odd (even) parity, or mark (space) par- ity if parext is enabled. (freebsd.org)
  • The second message (10101100) already has an even number of "1" bits, to the parity message would be 0 10101100. (reference.com)
  • Parity violation is only known to occur in the weak interaction, one of the four fundamental forces of nature. (innovations-report.com)
  • As a special case, ECMA-48 (section 9) mentions that the control functions shift-in and shift-out are allowed to occur within a 7-bit multibyte control sequence because those cannot alter the meaning of the control sequence. (invisible-island.net)
  • I'll go different ways to compute parity of 64-bit unsigned integer. (codingberg.com)
  • The idea is to divide 64-bit integer into 8 unsigned bytes (numbers) and then the final count is calculated as a sum of ones found in each one of divided bytes. (codingberg.com)
  • parmrk (- parmrk ) Mark (do not mark) parity errors (see termio (7I) ). (freebsd.org)
  • A parity bit is a bit added to the end of a sequence of bits (zeros or ones) that indicates whether the number of bits in the string with the value one is even or odd. (divilabs.com)
  • In this way, every sequence have an even number of set bits. (divilabs.com)