Bites and StingsInsect Bites and Stings: Bites and stings inflicted by insects.Scorpion Stings: The effects, both local and systemic, caused by the bite of SCORPIONS.Snake Bites: Bites by snakes. Bite by a venomous snake is characterized by stinging pain at the wound puncture. The venom injected at the site of the bite is capable of producing a deleterious effect on the blood or on the nervous system. (Webster's 3d ed; from Dorland, 27th ed, at snake, venomous)Bites, Human: Bites inflicted by humans.Bite Force: The force applied by the masticatory muscles in dental occlusion.Spider Bites: The effects, both local and systemic, caused by the bites of SPIDERS.Open Bite: A condition in which certain opposing teeth fail to establish occlusal contact when the jaws are closed.Antivenins: Antisera used to counteract poisoning by animal VENOMS, especially SNAKE VENOMS.Bee Venoms: Venoms obtained from Apis mellifera (honey bee) and related species. They contain various enzymes, polypeptide toxins, and other substances, some of which are allergenic or immunogenic or both. These venoms were formerly used in rheumatism to stimulate the pituitary-adrenal system.Wasp Venoms: Venoms produced by the wasp (Vespid) family of stinging insects, including hornets; the venoms contain enzymes, biogenic amines, histamine releasing factors, kinins, toxic polypeptides, etc., and are similar to bee venoms.Scorpions: Arthropods of the order Scorpiones, of which 1500 to 2000 species have been described. The most common live in tropical or subtropical areas. They are nocturnal and feed principally on insects and other arthropods. They are large arachnids but do not attack man spontaneously. They have a venomous sting. Their medical significance varies considerably and is dependent on their habits and venom potency rather than on their size. At most, the sting is equivalent to that of a hornet but certain species possess a highly toxic venom potentially fatal to humans. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, p417; Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p503)Hymenoptera: An extensive order of highly specialized insects including bees, wasps, and ants.Anaphylaxis: An acute hypersensitivity reaction due to exposure to a previously encountered ANTIGEN. The reaction may include rapidly progressing URTICARIA, respiratory distress, vascular collapse, systemic SHOCK, and death.Arthropod Venoms: Venoms from animals of the phylum Arthropoda. Those most investigated are from scorpions and spiders of the class Arachnidae and from ant, bee, and wasp families of the Insecta order Hymenoptera. The venoms contain protein toxins, enzymes, and other bioactive substances and may be lethal to man.Ant Venoms: Venoms from the superfamily Formicoidea, Ants. They may contain protein factors and toxins, histamine, enzymes, and alkaloids and are often allergenic or immunogenic.Wasps: Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.Fish Venoms: Venoms produced by FISHES, including SHARKS and sting rays, usually delivered by spines. They contain various substances, including very labile toxins that affect the HEART specifically and all MUSCLES generally.Fishes, PoisonousCubozoa: The class of box jellyfish, in the phylum CNIDARIA, characterized by their cube shape, and considered the most venomous jellyfish.Cnidarian Venoms: Venoms from jellyfish; CORALS; SEA ANEMONES; etc. They contain hemo-, cardio-, dermo- , and neuro-toxic substances and probably ENZYMES. They include palytoxin, sarcophine, and anthopleurine.Desensitization, Immunologic: Immunosuppression by the administration of increasing doses of antigen. Though the exact mechanism is not clear, the therapy results in an increase in serum levels of allergen-specific IMMUNOGLOBULIN G, suppression of specific IgE, and an increase in suppressor T-cell activity.Scyphozoa: The class of true jellyfish, in the phylum CNIDARIA. They are mostly free-swimming marine organisms that go through five stages in their life cycle and exhibit two body forms: polyp and medusa.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.BelizeTick Bites: The effects, both local and systemic, caused by the bites of TICKS.Viperidae: A family of snakes comprising three subfamilies: Azemiopinae (the mountain viper, the sole member of this subfamily), Viperinae (true vipers), and Crotalinae (pit vipers). They are widespread throughout the world, being found in the United States, Central and South America, Europe, Asia and Africa. Their venoms act on the blood (hemotoxic) as compared to the venom of elapids which act on the nervous system (neurotoxic). (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, pp333-36)Jaw Relation Record: A registration of any positional relationship of the mandible in reference to the maxillae. These records may be any of the many vertical, horizontal, or orientation relations. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry)Interferon Regulatory Factor-3: An interferon regulatory factor that is expressed constitutively and undergoes POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION following viral infection. PHOSPHORYLATION of IRF-3 causes the protein to be translocated from the CYTOPLASM to CELL NUCLEUS where it binds DNA, and activates transcription.Scorpion Venoms: Venoms from animals of the order Scorpionida of the class Arachnida. They contain neuro- and hemotoxins, enzymes, and various other factors that may release acetylcholine and catecholamines from nerve endings. Of the several protein toxins that have been characterized, most are immunogenic.Hypersensitivity, Immediate: Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.Mastication: The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.First Aid: Emergency care or treatment given to a person who suddenly becomes ill or injured before full medical services become available.Wound Infection: Invasion of the site of trauma by pathogenic microorganisms.Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Hydrotherapy: External application of water for therapeutic purposes.Dental Fistula: An abnormal passage in the oral cavity on the gingiva.Ants: Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)Hypersensitivity: Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.Diphenhydramine: A histamine H1 antagonist used as an antiemetic, antitussive, for dermatoses and pruritus, for hypersensitivity reactions, as a hypnotic, an antiparkinson, and as an ingredient in common cold preparations. It has some undesired antimuscarinic and sedative effects.Insect Repellents: Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.Catfishes: Common name of the order Siluriformes. This order contains many families and over 2,000 species, including venomous species. Heteropneustes and Plotosus genera have dangerous stings and are aggressive. Most species are passive stingers.Xanthones: A group of XANTHENES that contain a 9-keto OXYGEN.Overbite: A malocclusion in which maxillary incisor and canine teeth project over the mandiblar teeth excessively. The overlap is measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane and is also called vertical overlap. When the overlap is measured parallel to the occlusal plane it is referred to as overjet.Rhabdomyolysis: Necrosis or disintegration of skeletal muscle often followed by myoglobinuria.Anti-Allergic Agents: Agents that are used to treat allergic reactions. Most of these drugs act by preventing the release of inflammatory mediators or inhibiting the actions of released mediators on their target cells. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p475)Ticks: Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)Granuloma, Pyogenic: A disorder of the skin, the oral mucosa, and the gingiva, that usually presents as a solitary polypoid capillary hemangioma often resulting from trauma. It is manifested as an inflammatory response with similar characteristics to those of a granuloma.Masticatory Muscles: Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Conductometry: Determination of the quantity of a material present in a mixture by measurement of its effect on the electrical conductivity of the mixture. (Webster, 3d ed)Beekeeping: The management and maintenance of colonies of honeybees.Lip DiseasesPest Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous plants, insects, or other animals. This includes control of plants that serve as habitats or food sources for animal pests.Fingersucking: Sucking of the finger. This is one of the most common manipulations of the body found in young children.Tongue Habits: Acquired responses regularly manifested by tongue movement or positioning.Russell's Viper: A genus of snakes of the family VIPERIDAE. It is distributed in West Pakistan, most of India, Burma, Ceylon, Thailand, southeast China, Taiwan, and a few islands of Indonesia. It hisses loudly when disturbed and strikes with great force and speed. Very prolific, it gives birth to 20-60 young. This viper is the leading cause of snakebite in India and Burma. (Moore: Poisonous Snakes of the World, 1980, p127)Hydrozoa: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA which alternates between polyp and medusa forms during their life cycle. There are over 2700 species in five orders.Elapidae: A family of extremely venomous snakes, comprising coral snakes, cobras, mambas, kraits, and sea snakes. They are widely distributed, being found in the southern United States, South America, Africa, southern Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. The elapids include three subfamilies: Elapinae, Hydrophiinae, and Lauticaudinae. Like the viperids, they have venom fangs in the front part of the upper jaw. The mambas of Africa are the most dangerous of all snakes by virtue of their size, speed, and highly toxic venom. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, p329-33)Immunoglobulin E: An immunoglobulin associated with MAST CELLS. Overexpression has been associated with allergic hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).Immunity, Innate: The capacity of a normal organism to remain unaffected by microorganisms and their toxins. It results from the presence of naturally occurring ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS, constitutional factors such as BODY TEMPERATURE and immediate acting immune cells such as NATURAL KILLER CELLS.Binomial Distribution: The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.HEK293 Cells: A cell line generated from human embryonic kidney cells that were transformed with human adenovirus type 5.

Antibody levels to recombinant tick calreticulin increase in humans after exposure to Ixodes scapularis (Say) and are correlated with tick engorgement indices. (1/565)

The antibody responses of subjects who presented with a definite Ixodes scapularis (Say) tick bite were measured to determine the utility of the antibody response against recombinant tick calreticulin (rTC) as a biologic marker of tick exposure. Subjects bitten by I. scapularis evidenced an increase in anti-rTC antibody levels between visit 1 and visit 2 from 24.3 to 27.1 ng/microl serum (n = 88, p = 0.003), and levels remained elevated at visit 3 (p = 0.005). These anti-rTC antibody levels during visits 2 and 3 were significantly higher than those in four non-exposed controls. Tick engorgement indices, measured on the biting ticks, were found to be correlated with anti-rTC antibody levels (e.g., for visit 3: Pearson's r = 0.357, p = 0.001). Tick engorgement index (TEI), ratio of body length to scutal width, was identified to be the only independent predictor of anti-rTC antibody levels in linear regression models. Logistic regression revealed that a bite from an I. scapularis tick that became engorged (TEI >3.4) was a risk factor for anti-rTC antibody seropositivity (adjusted odds ratio for age and bite location = 7.4 (95% confidence interval 2.1-26.4)). The anti-rTC antibody test had a sensitivity of 0.50 and a specificity of 0.86 for a bite from I. scapularis that became engorged. Immunoblotting revealed that subjects made a specific anti-rTC antibody response.  (+info)

Fulminant infection by uncommon organisms in animal bite wounds. (2/565)

In 1995 and 1996, 215 patients exposed to different species of animals were treated at the Amarnath Polyclinic, Balasore, in India. Among them were two children infected by uncommon organisms, i.e., Capnocytophaga canimorsus and Pasteurella multocida; the patients recovered with appropriate antibiotic therapy.  (+info)

Clinical course and risk factors of hepatitis C virus related liver disease in the general population: report from the Dionysos study. (3/565)

BACKGROUND: The severity, clinical course, and risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) related chronic liver disease are still rather poorly defined. AIMS: To investigate the prevalence, risk factors, and severity of HCV related liver disease in the general population, and investigate whether infection with a specific genotype is associated with an increased risk of cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: HCV RNA determination by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and HCV genotyping were performed in all anti-HCV positive subjects belonging to the Dionysos study (6917 subjects). Diagnosis of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma was established by liver biopsy in all cases. All the data were analysed by univariate and multivariate statistics in all the cohort. To investigate the natural history of HCV infection, anti-HCV positive subjects were followed up every six months for three years with liver function tests and ultrasonograms. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of HCV RNA positivity was 2.3%. Positivity increased progressively with age, and was higher in women (ratio of men to women = 0.7). Genotypes 1b and 2a were the most frequent (42 and 24% of HCV RNA positive patients), with a prevalence of 1 and 0.6% respectively. Intravenous drug use, blood transfusions received before 1990, history of previous hepatitis among the cohabiting, and history of animal (mainly dogs) bites were significantly (p<0.05) associated with HCV infection, independently of age and sex. Multivariate analysis showed that, independently of age, sex, and alcohol intake, genotype 1b infection, with or without coinfection with other genotypes, is the major risk factor associated with the presence of cirrhosis and/or hepatocellular carcinoma. During the three years of follow up, 57 (35%) of the HCV RNA positive subjects had consistently normal alanine aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyltransferase values. Two of the 22 HCV RNA positive cirrhotic patients, all drinking more than 90 g of alcohol a day, developed hepatocellular carcinoma (incidence rate = 3.0% per year). CONCLUSIONS: In the general population of Northern Italy, HCV infection is widespread, but only less than 50% of the anti-HCV positive subjects, particularly those infected with genotype 1b, are associated with a more severe liver disease. Alcohol consumption greater that 30 g a day significantly aggravates the natural course of the disease.  (+info)

Characterization of Bacteroides forsythus strains from cat and dog bite wounds in humans and comparison with monkey and human oral strains. (4/565)

Bacteroides forsythus strains recovered from cat and dog bite wound infections in humans (n = 3), monkey oral strains (n = 3), and the human oral ATCC 43037 type strain were characterized by using phenotypic characteristics, enzymatic tests, whole cell fatty acid analysis, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis, PCR fingerprinting, and 16S rDNA (genes coding for rRNA) sequencing. All three bite wound isolates grew on brucella agar supplemented with 5% sheep blood, vitamin K1, and hemin. These strains, unlike the ATCC strain and previously described monkey oral and human clinical strains, did not require N-acetylmuramic acid supplementation for growth as pure cultures. However, their phenotypic characteristics, except for catalase production, were similar to those of previously identified strains. PCR fingerprinting analysis showed differences in band patterns from the ATCC strain. Also, SDS-PAGE and whole cell fatty acid analysis indicated that the dog and cat bite wound strains were similar but not identical to the human B. forsythus ATCC 43037 type strain and the monkey oral strains. The rDNA sequence analysis indicated that the three bite wound isolates had 99.93% homology with each other and 98.9 and 99.22% homology with the human ATCC 43037 and monkey oral strains, respectively. These results suggest that there are host-specific variations within each group.  (+info)

Human rabies postexposure prophylaxis during a raccoon rabies epizootic in New York, 1993 and 1994. (5/565)

We describe the epidemiology of human rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) in four upstate New York counties during the 1st and 2nd year of a raccoon rabies epizootic. We obtained data from records of 1,173 persons whose rabies PEP was reported to local health departments in 1993 and 1994. Mean annual PEP incidence rates were highest in rural counties, in summer, and in patients 10 to 14 and 35 to 44 years of age. PEP given after bites was primarily associated with unvaccinated dogs and cats, but most (70%) was not attributable to bites. Although pet vaccination and stray animal control, which target direct exposure, remain the cornerstones of human rabies prevention, the risk for rabies by the nonbite route (e. g., raccoon saliva on pet dogs' and cats' fur) should also be considered.  (+info)

Risk for rabies transmission from encounters with bats, Colorado, 1977-1996. (6/565)

To assess the risk for rabies transmission to humans by bats, we analyzed the prevalence of rabies in bats that encountered humans from 1977 to 1996 and characterized the bat-human encounters. Rabies was diagnosed in 685 (15%) of 4,470 bats tested. The prevalence of rabies in bats that bit humans was 2.1 times higher than in bats that did not bite humans. At least a third of the encounters were preventable.  (+info)

Update on the status of Africanized honey bees in the western states. (7/565)

The Africanized honey bee (AHB), Apis mellifera scutella--perhaps better known as the "killer bee"--has arrived in the western United States and in southern California, following a nearly 50-year north-ward migration across South and Central America. First detected near Hidalgo, Texas in October 1993, the bees continue to advance 100 to 300 miles per year by colonizing existing hives or forming new hives in the wild. Although the AHB's "killer" reputation has been greatly exaggerated, the presence of AHBs will increase the chances of people being stung.  (+info)

Linezolid activity compared to those of selected macrolides and other agents against aerobic and anaerobic pathogens isolated from soft tissue bite infections in humans. (8/565)

Linezolid was tested against 420 aerobes and anaerobes, including 148 Pasteurella isolates, by an agar dilution method. Linezolid was active against all Pasteurella multocida subsp. multocida and P. multocida subsp. septica isolates and most Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella dagmatis, and Pasteurella stomatis isolates. The MIC was +info)

Dog Bite Wounds DOG BITE WOUNDS - PROTOCOL FOR WOUND MANAGEMENT. I. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY. Dog bite wounds are common and canine victims of dog bite wounds can constitute up to 10% of canine trauma admissions. This is especially significant in areas with poorly enforced or non-existent leash laws1. The trauma of a dog bite differs from other traumatic injuries:. 1. The jaws of a large dog are capable of producing pressures that can severely bruise and crush tissue (150 to 450 psi of crushing force can be transmitted)2. Canine skin is freely movable, thus the cutaneous injury might not always reflect the extent of subcutaneous or visceral trauma1.. 2. Bite wounds result in punctures, crushing injuries, lacerations, or avulsion of flaps of skin or other tissue. Some bite wounds only exhibit a small surface wound, but with great underlying tissue damage. The animal may show only a few puncture wounds with bloodied hair matted over them when brought in for examination, but there may be severe lacerations, ...
From the American Veterinary Medical Association. In conjunction with the recent observance of national Dog Bite Prevention Week, the American Veterinary Medical Association is urging action to help prevent dog bites. The association has developed a community-based program it says can reduce the incidence of bites. The program is outlined in an 18-page brochure which can be downloaded from the AVMA Web site. Last year, 4.7 million people were bitten by dogs. The U.S. Postal Service -- another sponsor of Dog Bite Prevention Week -- cites data from the Humane Society of the United States reporting that that small children, the elderly and Postal Service letter carriers -- in that order -- are the most frequent victims of dog bites. Recent statistics show the annual number of dog attacks exceeds the reported instances of measles, whooping cough, and mumps, combined. In addition, dog bite victims account for up to five percent of emergency room visits. "When you consider the fact that there are 61 ...
Domestic animals, like dogs and cats, are responsible for most animal bites. While dogs cause more bite injuries, cat bites are more likely to become infected. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, infection occurs in about 10 to 15 percent of dog bites and up to 50 percent of cat bites.. One reason that animal bites often lead to infection is that bites often occur on the fingers or hands. These areas are where the body may have a harder time fighting infection. Also, the bacteria often come from the animals mouth or may be present on the humans skin. The infections are often caused by these bacteria penetrating the skin. As the bacteria multiply, the bodys immune response causes common symptoms of infection. Swelling and inflammation are two examples. Animal bite infections are serious and can even be life-threatening if left untreated.. Animal bites that dont break the skin are not at risk for infection. Scrapes or scratches that just graze the skins surface have a minimal ...
Animal bites to humans are reportable in order to assess the transmission risk of rabies virus from animals to humans and to assess the need for rabies postexposure prophylaxis. This risk assessment can be accomplished by several methods. The most frequently used method is observation of the offending animals for 10 days (dogs, cats, and ferrets). When observing the animal is not appropriate, laboratory testing of the animals brain serves as an alternative assessment method.. While the incidence of rabies disease in Indianas domestic animals is low, animal bites are still a public health issue as they are a preventable injury that causes pain, trauma and infection, loss of function, disfigurement, and anxiety.. Because of resource limitations, the Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) was unable to maintain the animal bites database for several of the years covered by this report, thus specific numbers for animal bites in Indiana for 2002 are not available. Historically, animal bites are ...
Animal control is proud to serve Wayne County. We continually strive to provide prompt, professional and courteous service to the citizens of Wayne County. Animal Control is involved in investigating animal cruelty, running loose and nuisance animals, animal bites and dangerous dogs and protects public health by enforcing the States rabies laws.. Animal Control Ordinance. Pet Redemption ...
Have you suffered a dog bite injury? Find out about common types of injuries and contact the Salamati Law Firm for a personal injury consultation.
Please contact your local animal control agency for calls regarding barking dogs, disruptive cats or stray animals. If you see a vicious animal or an injured domestic animal on the side of the road please call your local animal control agency. If you see injured or orphaned wildlife or are unable to reach your local animal control agency for an injured domestic animal, please contact The SPCA at 831-373-2631 or 422-4721 or after hours at 831-646-5534.
Section 2(1) activity: inserted, on 1 October 1999, by section 2(1) of the Wild Animal Control Amendment Act 1997 (1997 No 80).. Section 2(1) aerodrome: amended, on 1 September 1990, pursuant to section 101(1) of the Civil Aviation Act 1990 (1990 No 98).. Section 2(1) aircraft: amended, on 1 September 1990, pursuant to section 101(1) of the Civil Aviation Act 1990 (1990 No 98).. Section 2(1) catchment authority: repealed, on 1 October 1997, by section 2(2) of the Wild Animal Control Amendment Act 1997 (1997 No 80).. Section 2(1) concession: inserted, on 1 October 1999, by section 2(3) of the Wild Animal Control Amendment Act 1997 (1997 No 80).. Section 2(1) Conservancy: repealed, on 1 April 1987, by section 65(1) of the Conservation Act 1987 (1987 No 65).. Section 2(1) conservation management strategy: inserted, on 10 April 1990, by section 37 of the Conservation Law Reform Act 1990 (1990 No 31).. Section 2(1) Conservator: repealed, on 1 April 1987, by section 65(1) of the Conservation Act 1987 ...
NORWICH - The citys animal control office posted Thursday night that it was in possession of a goat that, presumably, had gone missing - or perhaps wandered astray on her evening walk.Found goat. If you have lost your Goat, please call NAC in the morning, the Norwich Animal Control department posted on its Facebook page.Its not known where the animal, name also unknown, was found, but animal control reports it was safe and dry Thursday evening.She has hay and a huge bucket of
An animal bite is a wound, usually a puncture or laceration, caused by the teeth. An animal bite usually results in a break in the skin but also includes contusions from the excessive pressure on body tissue from the bite. The contusions can occur without a break in the skin. Bites can be provoked or unprovoked. Other bite attacks may be apparently unprovoked. Biting is a physical action not only describing an attack but it is a normal response in an animal as it eats, carries objects, softens and prepares food for its young, removes ectoparasites from its body surface, removes plant seeds attached to its fur or hair, scratching itself, and grooming other animals. Animal bites often result in serious infections and mortality. Animal bites not only include injuries from the teeth of reptiles, mammals, but fish, and amphibians. Arthropods can also bite and leave injuries. Bite wounds can cause a number of signs and symptoms Generalized tissue damage due to tearing and scratching Serious hemorrhage ...
A dog bite is a bite inflicted upon a person, a group of persons or another animal by a dog. One or more successive bites is often considered a dog attack. The majority of dog bites do not result in injury, disfigurement, infection or permanent disability. Another type of dog bite is the soft bite displayed by well-trained dogs, puppies and in non-aggressive play. Situations in which dog bites occur include dog fighting, mistreatment, trained dogs acting as guard or military animals, provoked or unprovoked. There is considerable debate on whether or not certain breeds of dogs are inherently more prone to commit attacks causing serious injury (i.e., so driven by instinct and breeding that, under certain circumstances, they are exceedingly likely to attempt or commit dangerous attacks). Regardless of the breed of the dog, it is recognized that the risk of dangerous dog attacks can be greatly increased by human actions (such as neglect or fight training) or inactions (as carelessness in ...
Victoria Stilwell joins the National Dog Bite Prevention Coalition to educate the public about responsible dog ownership and dog safety.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Mental disorder as a risk factor for dog bites and post-bite cellulitis. AU - Yeh, Chun Chieh. AU - Liao, Chien Chang. AU - Muo, Chih Hsin. AU - Chang, Shih Ni. AU - Hsieh, Chi Hsun. AU - Chen, Fei Na. AU - Lane, Hsien Yuan. AU - Sung, Fung Chang. PY - 2012/11. Y1 - 2012/11. N2 - Objectives: Patients with mental disorders are at an increased risk for sustaining traumatic injury. No study has evaluated the association between mental disorders and the injury of dog bite. We conducted case-control studies to investigate whether people with mental disorders are at elevated risks of dog bite and post-bite cellulitis. Methods: Using insurance data of 2000-2007, we compared 4660 patients with dog bites and 18,640 controls without the events for the association with mental disorders and other covariates. Amongst those with dog bites, a nested case-control study was performed to compare 286 patients with post-bite cellulites and rest of 4374 patients for factors associated with the ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about Animal Bite Infections at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Animal Bite Infections easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Dog attacks injure hundreds Use this Illinois dog bite injury case calculator and valuation tool to determine the level of monetary compensation you deserve. A horrific dog attack can result in broken bones, internal organ damage, nerve and muscle damage, permanent disfigurement and wrongful death.
In 2003, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published a study that examined the frequency of dog bite-related injuries treated in U.S. emergency departments. In 2001, an estimated 368,245 persons were treated in U.S. emergency rooms for nonfatal dog bite-related injuries. 42% of dog bites in 2001 occurred among children aged 14 years and younger; injury rates were highest among children aged 5-9 years and were significantly higher for boys than for girls.. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality published a study in 2010 showing that the number of Americans hospitalized for dog bites almost doubled over a 15-year period. The average cost of a dog bite-related hospital stay was $18,200, approximately 50 percent higher than the average injury-related hospital stay. There were 4 times as many dog bite-related ED visits and 3 times as many hospital stays in rural areas than in urban areas.. Dog Bites in Colorado. In 2005, the Colorado legislature passed the Colorado Dog Bite ...
Low cost rabies vaccinations are available every Thursday (except holidays) for a period of 3 hours at Anne Arundel County Animal Control. For the period of July - September the rabies clinics will be held from 9:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. From October - June the clinic will be from 12:00 p.m. - 3:00 p.m. The veterinarian leaves promptly at the end time for the clinic. Depending on the length of the line, Animal Control may conclude the line at an appropriate time to ensure all individuals remaining in line receive the services ...
NC General Statute GS 130 A-192 establishes that Animal Control Officers must "Check to see If the owners identification can be found on the animal." If the owner is known, they must be notified in writing to have the animal vaccinated and provide certification of such within 3 days. Once 3 days have passed, the statute is silent on what actions Animal Control officers may take when the owner has been identified. It is Animal Controls practice to either educate owners to comply, assess civil penalties and/or eventually impound animals. If the owners identification is not on the animal and "the animal Control officer does not otherwise know who the owner is, the animal Control officer may impound the animal" for not less than 72 hours. During impoundment, Animal Control is to make "reasonable efforts" to locate the owner. If not reclaimed by the owner, animals may be (a) returned to the owner, (b) adopted to a new owner, or (c) euthanized ...
Alright. I don t know if I can get this dog out of my head. I live in Florida, and she is in California. Yet when I saw her picture on the Lake County Animal Control website something reeled inside of me. I was looking into getting a Cairn puppy from a reputable breeder, but was still scouring the rescues. This girl got me. Casey (scroll down). 5 year old terrier. I don t know what to do. I haven t even met the dog. Should I email or call animal … ...
Animal Control in Fort Worth, Texas For all your Bat Removal, Snake Removal, Raccoon Removal, Bird Control, Rodent control, Pest Control, Animal Control, Animal Trapping Services. Call The Wildlife Professionals Of Fort Worth, Texas 972-277-1226 Fort Worth, TX pest control removal. Chimney has red Squirrel poop. Arlington Texas Raccoon in my windows and he…
If you have been attacked by a dog contact The Law Offices of J, Jeffrey Herman today for an initial consultation to discuss your case and come up with a viable plan of action.
What have we settled dog bite cases for and what verdicts have we recovered for people injured by dogs in Iowa? Read out case results to find out.
Labradors were followed by German shepherds, pit bulls, Chihuahuas and bulldogs.. Longmont police got 150 dog-bite reports in 2012, 125 reports last year and - as of Nov. 20 - 106 reports thus far in 2014, according to Robin Breffle, a community service officer with the Longmont police animal control unit.. The Boulder County Sheriffs Office got 64 reports of dog-bite incidents in the parts of the county under the sheriffs jurisdiction, and received 42 such reports from January through June of this year, according to Sheriffs Cmdr. Heidi Prentup.. Erie Police Cmdr. Lee Mathis said the town had 10 dog bite reports between Oct. 2013 and Oct. 2014.. Janeé Boswell, supervisor for Boulder Police Department Animal Control, said Boulder tends to see about 150 dog and cat bites per year. Boulder police reported getting 122 bite reports in 2013 and 137 reports between Jan. 1 and Nov. 20 of this year.. Lafayette Police Cmdr. Brian Rosipajla said that by October, Lafayette received 22 calls about dogs ...
ATTENTION Providers: All animal bites are reportable in Lincoln County. Please see Fillable Animal Bite Reporting Form and complete all parts of the form. Fax same day to Lincoln County Health and Human Services (ALL animal bites) 541-574-6252.. ...
Dog Bite Injury Attorney in Tucson, AZ Arizona law does not tolerate unruly dogs, or irresponsible dog owners. Every year, about 16 victims of dog bites die across the U.S. Children five to nine years old suffer the most injuries. There is no one free bite in Arizona. An owner is responsible for a
About school massacres and political (dis) arms controlby Lucas Zapparoli course SAO PAULO - In last Thursday (22/09),a tragedy in a school in Sao Caetano do Sul has been featured in major newspapers...
Each year, 4.5 million people suffer dog bite injuries. To seek financial compensation, contact experienced New York dog bite attorney Justin Brandel today.
FRIDAY, Feb. 2, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Maybe theres some truth in the long-standing belief that dogs can sense fear in a human.. According to a new British study, anxious people may be at increased risk for dog bites.. The finding came from a survey of nearly 700 people in northern England, done by researchers from the University of Liverpool.. As part of the study, participants were asked if they were ever bitten by a dog, whether they knew the dog that bit them, and the severity of the bites. They also took a 10-item personality test. The more emotionally stable and less neurotic the participants were, the less likely they were to have been bitten by a dog, the study found. As a persons emotional stability score increased by a single point, between 1 and 7, their likelihood of having been bitten fell by 23 percent.. "Dog bite prevention schemes may also need to target particular behaviors around dogs by different victim personality types," wrote the authors led by Carri Westgarth, from ...
Listen in as Dr. Mike provides the answers to a wealth of health and wellness questions. Here youll find the answers to a wealth of health and wellne...
Objectives. The purpose of this study was to estimate the number of dog bite injuries occurring in the city of Pittsburgh in 1993. Methods. The capture-recap-ture method was used, along with log-linear modeling. Three sources were used to identify victims : hospital reports, animal control reports, and police/victim reports. Results. In 1993,...
The next Dog Bite Conference is on April 26th in Miami, and I encourage everyone to spread the word to everyone they know so that we can begin to turn the tide
Cat bites can be dangerous both to other animals and to humans. In their mouths, all cats carry a large number of bacteria that are capable of causing tissue infections in bite wounds. One of the more common is highly pathogenic bacterium known as Pasteurella multocida. An infected cat bite wound will be red, swollen and painful, and the infection can spread through the surrounding tissues, causing a condition called cellulitis, or through the blood to other areas of the body, causing a condition called septicemia (often called "blood poisoning"). Infected people may suffer from fever and flu-like symptoms and, rarely, may die if proper medical treatment is not sought. Children, the elderly, ill and immunosuppressed individuals are particularly vulnerable to developing severe infections if bitten by a cat.. ...
Our 86-year old client was walking to her grandsons home when she was viciously attacked by a pit bull. The unattended dog was unleashed and roaming its yard when our small, elderly client walked past the owners home. The dog ran off the property and attacked our client from behind, knocking her over and began mauling her right leg. Good Samaritans who happened to be outside at the time, ran over to help the elderly woman. As the dog was set to charge again the dogs owner opened the door and called the dog into the home. Our client was left bloody and maimed waiting for help to arrive. Toledo Police and the life squad were called to the scene. The Toledo Police arrived first and rendered aid to our client. EMS then arrived and administered Fentanyl to help ease our clients excruciating pain. She was then taken to St Vincent Hospital where she was found to have a large area of skin degloving, which is medical terminology for skin that is completely torn off the underlying tissue severing its ...
Savannah-Chatham polices Animal Control unit has been in contact with the 10 people known to have been exposed to the virus and are urging anyone else who may have been scratched, bitten or in general contact with the adult white and grey tabby to immediately seek medical attention, said Gena Bilbo, police spokeswoman.. Both of the dogs exposed to the virus had current rabies vaccines. They are being monitored by Environmental Health and Animal Control for a 45 day quarantine to ensure public safety, as is standard procedure.. The cat was first reported on Nov. 28 to animal control after it was acting aggressive and bit one person in the Towne Lake area of Godley Station.. It has since been captured, Bilbo said. The cat was transported to Animal Control for quarantine where it continued to act aggressively before it died. Bilbo said it was sent then for testing and tested positive for rabies.. If anyone in the area thinks they may have had any contact with a cat matching this description they ...
4.5 million dog bites a year in the United States, and children represent a disproportionate number of them. By and large most dog bites occur with familiar dogs during everyday activities. Most of those bites are preventable. Learn more.
The microchipping program at Butler Bay took so long as the training had been on dead dogs and dogs that had been operated on. Therefore, when it came to the practical task of catching the dogs to do 35-40 houses between 3-4 weeks, for Council it became a very expensive exercise with four men to work between 3-4 weeks to do only 80 dogs. It makes it very, very expensive. There were many problems associated at the eginning of that process. We will certainly resume this and get it done, as its become Council policy. With the hard work the animal control workers have to do, we just have to find a way for them to do it safely, and not be injured. Also, one of our bylaws is that there are only two dogs allowed per household and thats where I am saying we microchipped every dog, then found we had to go back and destroy half of them when the dog owners had to decide how many dogs they wanted. They had to decide what dog they were keeping, and what dog they wanted destroyed. Thats why we actually ...
A dog owner has failed to state claims for a violation of her civil rights by defendant animal control officers affidavit to support a search warrant for plaintiffs residence, based on defendants observations of 7 or 8 dogs, two of whom were bloody and one of whom was fatally injured, when defendant responded to a ...
The Animal Control Unit of the Police Department promotes the safety and welfare of animals, as well as the safety of residents from animals or animal-borne diseases. The unit can be reached at 816-987-9109. Visit our Facebook page for up to date information regarding found pets and adoptable an...
SAGINAW COUNTY, Mich. - Some Michigan animal control officers will soon be in the dog house. Theyre not in trouble, according to WJRT, theyre trying to raise awareness about a serious issue.
In construing the provisions of this chapter, except where otherwise plainly declared or clearly apparent from the context, words used shall be given their common and ordinary meaning; in addition, the following definitions shall apply:. 1. "Animal" includes any living creature except man.. 2. "Animal control authority" means the King County animal control division, department of general services, as agent of the city, or any other duly authorized agent of the city, acting alone or in concert with other municipalities for enforcement of the animal control laws of the city and state and for the shelter and welfare of animals.. 3. "Animal control officer" means any individual employed, contracted or appointed by the city for the purpose of aiding in the enforcement of this chapter or any other law or ordinance relating to the licensing of animals, control of animals or seizure and impoundment of animals, and includes any state or municipal police officer, sheriff, constable or other employee whose ...
The Animal Control Program is charged with the responsibility of enforcing State and County laws, ordinances, and resolutions pertaining to the care, custody and control of animals in Scotland County.
Find the best wild animal control services in the Hughes Springs, 75656 area for taking care of your wildlife removal needs. Call Now!
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Savannah-Chatham Metropolitan Police Departments Animal Control Division has reduced its animal adoption fee to $12 for the month of December.
Search for the best local Broken Arrow, OK Pest & Animal Control. Guide to thousands of Business listings in Broken Arrow, OK. Find reviews, directions, phone numbers and addresses.
Animal Control in Palo Alto on YP.com. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for the best Animal Removal Services in Palo Alto, CA.
Get reviews, hours, directions, coupons and more for Pauls Valley Animal Control at 300 Airport Rd, Pauls Valley, OK. Search for other Animal Shelters in Pauls Valley on YP.com.
Are you a dog bite victim and unsure of California dog bite laws? For a free consultation, contact a California personal injury attorney at The Reeves Law Group. We represent clients throughout California.
... victims can claim compensation for pain and suffering, medical expenses, emotional trauma, and more. Discuss options with a Florida dog bite lawyer.
Animal bites and scratches that break the skin can cause infection. Rarely, animal bites can cause rabies, a dangerous, life-threatening disease.
Animal bites and scratches that break the skin can cause infection. Rarely, animal bites can cause rabies, a dangerous, life-threatening disease.
Animal bites and scratches that break the skin can cause infection. Rarely, animal bites can cause rabies, a dangerous, life-threatening disease.
All animal bites need to be properly cleaned, and most need treatment based on the type and severity of the wound. Whether the bite is from a family pet or an animal in the wild, scratches and bites can become infected and cause scarring. Animals can also carry diseases that can be transmitted through a bite. Bites that break the skin and bites of the scalp, face, hand, wrist, or foot are more likely to become infected. Cat scratches, even from a kitten, can carry "cat scratch disease," a bacterial infection.. Other animals can transmit rabies and very rarely tetanus. Rodents such as mice, rats, squirrels, chipmunks, hamsters, guinea pigs, gerbils, and rabbits are at low risk of carrying rabies, but they can transmit other diseases.. The most common type of animal bite is a dog bite. Follow these guidelines to help decrease the chance of your child being bitten by an animal:. ...
While dog bites are serious events for those who are bitten, the dog bite problem is not the public health crisis that the insurance industry has made it out to be. Some perspective is in order. The number of fatalities due to dog bites is very low when compared to the number of people who die from heart disease, cancer, accidents, suicide, and diabetes. Likewise, nonfatal bites are responsible for a small number of injuries when compared to other accidental, unintentional injuries. Falls (11.5 million), motor vehicle accidents (4.3 million), drugs (3.3 million), sports (2.0 million), insect bites (1.7 million), bicycle accidents (1.4 million), poisoning (.7 million), and knives (.6 million) all individually outrank dog bites (.5 million) as public health problems. [FN461] Similarly, claims paid out by homeowners companies for dog bites are miniscule when compared to payouts for property damage. Damage due to fire, water, wind, and theft represent much larger problems for homeowners insurance ...
Free Online Library: The management of domestic animal bites to the hand. by Bulletin of the NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases; Health, general Birds Health aspects Bites (Injuries) Care and treatment Bites and stings Pets
Marine animal stings or bites - MedHelps Marine animal stings or bites Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Marine animal stings or bites. Find Marine animal stings or bites information, treatments for Marine animal stings or bites and Marine animal stings or bites symptoms.
Being the victim of a dog bite in Milwaukee can be a traumatic and painful experience. Having your dog be the cause of a dog bite can have its downside as well.
Welcome to the the 411 on Dog Bites and Animal Attacks Posts Page for the Law Offices of James DeZao. Learn more from our the 411 on Dog Bites and Animal Attacks page.
Dog bite force is difficult to calibrate scientifically, and statements in the literature that the force of the dogs bite has been measured at a certain level must be treated with caution.
If you are bitten or scratched by a any animal, or get saliva from a rabies-suspect animal into an open wound or onto a mucous membrane, wash the wound thoroughly with soap and water and seek medical attention immediately. Call Animal Control to report the bite. It is CRITICAL to report the bite to Animal Control because rabies treatments may be needed for the person who was bitten & to ensure that the possibly rabid animal is evaluated. Contact with a bat in a closed room can be dangerous. Contact Animal Control for guidance. Disinfect any surface contaminated with tissues or fluids from a rabies-suspect animal with 10% solution of household bleach in water (one part bleach to nine parts water).. A dog, cat, or other domestic animal inflicting a bite should be observed for 10 days after the incident. As long as the animal remains healthy for that period, no risk of transmission exists. If the animal develops signs of rabies or dies during the period, or belongs to a wildlife or exotic species, ...
Irrigation is a key means of infection prevention. A 19-gauge blunt needle and a 35-mL syringe provide adequate pressure (7 psi) and volume to clean most bite wounds. In general, 100-200 mL of irrigat... more
Irrigation is a key means of infection prevention. A 19-gauge blunt needle and a 35-mL syringe provide adequate pressure (7 psi) and volume to clean most bite wounds. In general, 100-200 mL of irrigat... more
Methods Temporal differences in incidence of dog-bite injury hospitalisations (DBIH) within and across Manitoba jurisdictions with and without BSL were compared. Incidence was calculated as the number of unique cases of DBIH divided by the total person-years at risk and expressed as the number per 100 000 person-years. Year of implementation determined the pre-BSL and post-BSL period for jurisdictions with BSL; for jurisdictions without BSL to date, the entire study period (1984-2006) was considered as the preimplementation period. The annual number of DBIH, adjusted for total population at risk, was modelled in a negative binomial regression analysis with repeated measures. Year, jurisdiction and BSL implementation were independent variables. An interaction term between jurisdiction and BSL was introduced. ...
Since I started off this week addressing an ailment (the common cold) that is currently impacting our household, I thought I would end the week addressing another of our typical yet bothersome ailments, bug bites.. There are probably few spots on planet Earth where the climate is hospitable to humans and insects dont live or dont bite people. (If anyone knows of such a place, please let me know!) Here in the mid-Atlantic, our hot, humid summers bring a host of unwelcome biting insects. With our recent rains and warmer weather, the bugs are hatched and all over the place. Patio season here in Virginia lasts just about 3 weeks in the early spring and maybe another 3 weeks in late fall when most of the bugs are dead. The rest of the summer we spend swatting, spraying and scratching to avoid our infestations.. The bugginess of an east coast summer is a major inconvenience. When we traveled west last summer, we had to laugh when our families complained about mosquitos at night. "Where?" we had to ...
Authorities said a pit bull jumped a fence and bit the girl on the calf about 7:15 p.m.. A citation for dog at-large was issued to Ahkm Bakon, said Thunderbolt Police Chief Irene Pennington. She described the girls injuries as "two small puncture wounds," which authorities said were treated.. The dogs owner surrendered the animal to Savannah-Chatham Animal Control, which responded about 8:39 p.m., said Savannah-Chatham police spokesman Julian Miller.. He said the dog has a record of having bitten at least one other person.. The dog is being quarantined for 10 days at the animal shelter, Miller said.. "The dog was not current on his shots and tags," said Miller.. According to the Animal Control website, unvaccinated dogs or cats are required to be held at the Animal Control shelter or a veterinarians office for 10 full days after a bite. If the animal is healthy following that observation period, its unlikely to have transmitted rabies during the bite.. The animal can then receive a rabies ...
This week, a video showing a cat saving a 4-year-old California boy from a vicious dog attack went viral. The video shows the ... Dog Bites & Injuries
Free Online Library: Endocarditis due to Staphylococcus aureus after minor dog bite. (Case Report).(medical research; related article Case Report) by Southern Medical Journal; Health, general Bites (Injuries) Research Bites and stings Medical research Medicine, Experimental Stings (Injuries)
Illinois dog law - Pennsylvania lawyers helping victims of dog bites and dog attacks. Hurt or scarred, get a free legal consultation.
The so-called forest kindergartens have been increasingly popular in Germany since the beginning of the 1990s. These are nurseries located in forest
Sarna lotions are steroid-free and safe for everyday use. Fair skin is particularly susceptible to a range of skin conditions. This time of year, after the rain has ended and the sunny, warm weather arrives, many of us wake up with random bites on various parts of our body and have no idea where they came from. Information about insect and bug bite symptoms such as pain, redness, swelling, irritation, and itching. I had zero bites all weekend. This site is designed to provide information and advice, as well as access to the. They are isolated bumps, not in groups or lines (although sometimes two show up that are right next to each other). Wash the bed bug bites with antiseptic soap and water. Ferguson on allergic reaction to gnat bites: If you have problems w generalized welts, swelling of tongue, lips, airway - you should get urgent medical care. If you observe insect bites on a dogs belly, it means that the dog is bitten by either wasps or ants. Midges, mosquitoes and gnats. Tips to Avoid ...
Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about The BMJ.. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address.. ...
When youre working with overstimulated cats in a shelter, its easy to see why cat bites happen. Heres how to treat them so they dont get infected.
Animal bites are a public health concern because of the potential for transmission of rabies, a viral infection of the nervous system and brain of humans and other mammals that is almost always fatal.
There has been a 55% increase in the number of hospital admissions in England due to dog bites, and some of them have been serious enough to need surgery.
Question - What is the window for anti rabies shot after a dog attack?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Rabies, Ask an Internal Medicine Specialist
Any bite wound is a cause for concern, since mouths harbor a multitude of microorganisms, and bite wounds that break the skin therefore carry a risk of infection. Heres how to handle a variety of bites.
Any bite wound is a cause for concern, since mouths harbor a multitude of microorganisms, and bite wounds that break the skin therefore carry a risk of infection. Heres how to handle a variety of bites.
NECCOG provides animal services to the northeastern CT region. Learn more about animal complaints, animal bites, rabies, dog licenses, & surrendering a pet.
Are dog bites dangerous? Without proper treatment, bites can become infected or cause tetanus. Contact Cantor Injury Law, LLC to schedule a free consultation.
Although dogs are among the most popular of pets world wide, having one that bites all the time can be a definite problem. Uncover some of the triggers that make a dog bite.
Dogs attack the vulnerable. If you know someone who has been injured or killed by a dog, call Charlie Ward today at 317-639-9501 for a free consultation
This is absolutely horrifying! A brutal dog attack occurred in Anaheim, California when two dogs went after a 2-year-old boy right in front of his home! Luckily his mother courageously stepped in, becoming a human shield, to protect her son from the vicious animals. But that didnt stop the boy from needing extensive surgery. Watch the shocking footage here!
A vicious dog attack leaves a Muskogee man in intensive care. Two pit bulls ripped away at his face as he desperately tried to fight off the dogs.
Little Leah Carter nearly lost her lip after the Staffordshire Bull Terrier cross mauled her in a doorstep dog attack in Bradford, West Yorkshire
Read the latest Meridian stories, Dogs attacks worry sheep in national park on ITV News, videos, stories and all the latest Meridian news
Read the latest Tyne Tees stories, Woman jailed after dog attacks 12 children on ITV News, videos, stories and all the latest Tyne Tees news
CAPE NEDDICK - For more than a decade the White Pine Programs in Cape Neddick has offered outdoor-based education programs. This week, the center is introducing The Acorn Weevils, a Forest Kindergarten class held exclusively outdoors.
yours or someone else s. To help prevent animal bites, the CDC suggests Never pet or feed an animal that you don t know. If your child is near an animal, watch
Dr Emma Craythorne, Afsheen Aitzaz and Dr Rachael Morris-Jones discuss the management of those animal bites most frequently seen the UK.
LulusMammy;8010723. Law and Beware of the Dog SignsThe law takes a peculiar stance when it c … Law and Beware of the Dog SignsThe law takes a peculiar stance when it comes to the use of beware of the dog signs. If such a sign is on display when the dog attacks a trespasser, then its owner is liable for prosecution, because it could be argued that by displaying the sign they knew the dog was dangerous. However, if the dog attacks an intruder when no sign is visible then the court would decree that the owner was unaware of the threat of the animal, and is therefore not liable for court action. So for those considering a sign, according to the law if you have a harmless pet dog then by all means display a beware of the dog sign as a deterrent, but if you have a dog that would be liable to attack an intruder then dont, as you might get into trouble ...
When Columbus Public Health gets a report of a dog bite, its policy is to write to the owner asking that the dog be quarantined. Nearly two weeks later, an employee follows up with a visit to the home to check the dog for rabies.
Despite the implementation of strict liability rule in the State of California, certain dog owners still fail to ensure that their pets cannot do harm to others. In California, numerous of personal injury cases due to dog bite accidents are filed each year. In fact, according to statistics, roughly...
.Georgias dog bite statute currently favors dog owners over victims. (://dogbitelaw.com/mixed-dog-bite.../georgia-dog-bite-law) (161 signatures on petition)
This double blinded RCT will help to ascertain the usefulness of prophylactic antibiotics in the management of uncomplicated dog bites, utilizing currently best available antibiotics (Augmentin) and an important clinical outcome of infection.. By enrolling 100-150 patients in this pilot trial as part of a k-award the investigators plan to utilize the point estimates of infection, side effects and other important outcomes and incorporate these into a cost most to determine the most cost effective management of these wounds and to determine if further study is warranted based on the findings. ...
This double blinded RCT will help to ascertain the usefulness of prophylactic antibiotics in the management of uncomplicated dog bites, utilizing currently best available antibiotics (Augmentin) and an important clinical outcome of infection.. By enrolling 100-150 patients in this pilot trial as part of a k-award the investigators plan to utilize the point estimates of infection, side effects and other important outcomes and incorporate these into a cost most to determine the most cost effective management of these wounds and to determine if further study is warranted based on the findings. ...
Q... Which of the following pathogens are the most common in dog bites A. Pseudomonas spp B. Pasteurella spp C. Bartonella spp D. Proteus spp
Question - Took tetanus and rabipur injection after a dog bite. RIG not given . Is that fine? Suffer from OCD and panic attacks . Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Rabies, Ask an Internal Medicine Specialist
A36-year-old man who had undergone splenectomy several years earlier as a result of trauma was admitted with malaise and scattered hemorrhagic lesions on his nose (Figure⇓, A). Two days earlier, his dog had bitten him. The next day, he developed chills, watery diarrhea, and vomiting. On admission, the patient complained of chest discomfort. On physical examination, his core temperature was 37.8°C, his blood pressure was 80/60 mm Hg, his heart rate was 90 beats/min, and his respiration was 10 breaths/min, with normal cardiopulmonary auscultation. At the site of the dog bite, a discrete lesion was visible, without any sign of infection (Figure⇓, B). The surface ECG showed ST elevation in the inferolateral leads (Figure⇓, C). Laboratory examination revealed a white blood cell count of 32 400 cells/μL, a C-reactive protein level of 549 mg/dL, a creatinine level of 268 μmol/L, disseminated intravascular coagulation with thrombocytopenia of 31 000 cells/μL, and D-dimers of 10.2 mg/L. ...
Our dedicated Thomaston dog bite lawyers will carefully analyze the underlying facts surrounding our clients encounters with a dog to determine the legal theories likely to provide the best possible outcome.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Wound infection with Neisseria weaveri and a novel subspecies of pasteurella multocida in a child who sustained a tiger bite.. AU - Capitini, Christian M.. AU - Herrero, Inmaculada A.. AU - Patel, Robin. AU - Ishitani, Michael B.. AU - Boyce, Thomas G.. PY - 2002. Y1 - 2002. N2 - A 7-year-old girl developed a wound infection as a result of a tiger bite she sustained. DNA sequence analysis revealed that the causative organisms were Neisseria weaveri and what is, to our knowledge, a previously undescribed subspecies of Pasteurella multocida, for which we propose the designation "Pasteurella multocida subspecies tigris subspecies nov.". AB - A 7-year-old girl developed a wound infection as a result of a tiger bite she sustained. DNA sequence analysis revealed that the causative organisms were Neisseria weaveri and what is, to our knowledge, a previously undescribed subspecies of Pasteurella multocida, for which we propose the designation "Pasteurella multocida subspecies tigris ...
If you were bitten by rodent and currently experiencing the symptom, contacting your medical care is highly recommended as it might cause further infection or disease.. If you are suffering from rat bite fever, antibiotic is needed and most probably will be prescribed by your doctor. Most of the times, the doctor will give you penicillin. However, there are several other antibiotics that can be used to treat rat bite fever if you are allergic to penicillin.. Getting the emergencies assistance right after you are experiencing rat bite fever symptoms is highly important as without the right treatment, rat bite fever can cause infection that affect your brain, heart, lung and furthermore cause death even though it is very rare.. ...
The report firstly introduced Human Rabies Immunoglobulin basic information included Human Rabies Immunoglobulin definition classification application industry chain structure industry overview; international market analysis, China domestic market analysis, Macroeconomic environment and economic situation analysis and influence, Human Rabies Immunoglobulin industry policy and plan, Human Rabies Immunoglobulin product specification, manufacturing process, product cost structure etc. then statistics China key manufacturers Human Rabies Immunoglobulin capacity production cost price profit production value gross margin etc details information, at the same time, statistics these manufacturers Human Rabies Immunoglobulin products customers application capacity market position company contact information etc company related information, then collect all these manufacturers data and listed China Human Rabies Immunoglobulin capacity production capacity market share production market share supply demand ...
This manual is a compilation of educational materials developed by the Communicable Disease Division of the Oklahoma State Department of Health to assist persons charged with the control of rabies in Oklahoma and health care professionals with human exposure assessment and prophylaxis. The guidelines are based on the 1999 Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for Human Rabies Prevention-United States, the most recent edition of the Compendium of Animal Rabies Control published annually by the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians, and other peer-reviewed publications. All portions of this manual and other information pertaining to rabies are also available from our web site at www.health.state.ok.us/program/cdd. Our intent is to dispel common misconceptions about rabies and transform unnecessary anxiety about this disease into practical and effective preventive strategies for rabies ...
Floyd County Environmental Health, along with Floyd County Animal Control and local veterinarians, will conduct a rabies vaccination clinic for cats and dogs Saturday, September 21 from 1 pm to 4 pm in the parking lot of the Floyd County Health Department, 16 E. 12th St. Animals must be healthy, at least twelve weeks of age and on a leash or in a pet carrier. Cost for the rabies vaccination is $10 - cash only.. Veterinarians from East Rome Animal Clinic, West Rome Animal Clinic, and Mount Berry Animal Hospital will be giving the rabies shots. Floyd County Animal Control staff will be assisting.. According to Floyd County Health Department Environmental Health Manager, Shane Hendrix, "as of September 1, Floyd County has had two confirmed cases of animal rabies this year - in two raccoons. Our office has also investigated 190 animal-bite cases this year, which included bites to humans as well as domestic pets exposed to wild animals such as raccoons, bats and skunks." "Rabies is a deadly virus ...
METUCHEN - A raccoon found in the vicinity of Oak Avenue and Maple Avenue in Metuchen has tested positive for rabies, according to the Middlesex County Office of Health Services. This is the 13th rabid animal reported within Middlesex County for 2013 and the third in Metuchen.. The Animal Control Officer responded to a complaint that a pet dog killed a raccoon in the yard of a residents home. The raccoon was sent to the New Jersey Department of Health Laboratory for testing. It was reported on Thursday, Nov. 7, that the animal tested positive for rabies. No human bites or exposures have been reported to this Office.. The pet dog had a current rabies vaccination, received a booster rabies vaccination, and was placed under a 45 day observation period. The Middlesex County Office of Health Services recommended that the home owner speak to their physician if they have additional questions about their exposure. The Middlesex County Office of Health Services is distributing rabies advisory flyers and ...
Health care providers are urged to conduct a complete risk assessment and administer rabies post-exposure prophylaxis, if warranted, utilizing ACIP guidelines.. There has been some recent confusion expressed by providers related to the incidence of rabies in domestic animals in Monterey County. Rabies is enzootic in Monterey County, particularly among skunks and bats. While the canine variant of rabies is not found in California, all domestic animals in Monterey County including dogs and cats are at risk of infection with skunk and bat variants of rabies. Over the last few years there has been an increase in rabies among domestic animals in Monterey County. On July 2, 2015, a cat owned by an individual who resides within the City of Monterey tested positive for a bat variant of rabies. In 2012, a dog from the North Monterey County area was infected with a skunk variant of rabies. The dog had received at least one dose of rabies vaccine. At this time, the Health Department recommends health care ...
Ultrasonography has been used to determine the association between muscle thickness, temporomandibular dysfuntion (TMD), facial morphology, and bite force. The aim of this study was to evaluate signs and symptoms (SS) of TMD using the craniomandibular index (CMI), masseter and anterior temporalis thickness, facial dimensions, and bite force in adolescents (12-18 years of age): 20 (10 males and 10 females) with SSTMD and 20 without (control, matched for age and gender). Ultrasonography was carried out using Just-Vision 200, and bite force measured with a pressure transducer. The measurements undertaken on the cephalograms included anterior (n-gn, n-Me, sp-gn) and posterior (S-tgo) facial dimensions, jaw inclination (NSL/ML), vertical jaw relationship (NL/ML), gonial angle (ML/RL), and overbite and overjet. The data were analysed with analysis of variance, Pearsons and Spearmans correlation and multiple regression. The SSTMD group showed a smaller bite force than the controls (P , 0.05). In the ...
Unlike post-exposure rabies vaccination, only 3 doses of the vaccine are given to a person on days 0, 7, and any time between 21 to 28 days.. Travellers. Travellers (including children) who visit rabies endemic and high risk areas, should consider pre-exposure rabies vaccination.. Travellers who have had an exposure to a potentially rabid animal in a developing country, should seek medical attention immediately. If a pre-vaccinated traveller is exposed to a potential rabid animal, there is the need to receive booster doses of rabies vaccine. The person should seek medical advice to discuss the vaccination schedule needed.. Rabies Map - Countries or Areas at Risk. How to get a pre-exposure rabies vaccine? A prescription from a health care provider is required for the pre-exposure rabies vaccine. This can be filled at a local pharmacy. The vaccine must then be administered by a health care provider. Travel clinics that offer Yellow Fever vaccinations are also familiar with rabies pre-exposure ...
An animal bite is a wound, usually a puncture or laceration, caused by the teeth. An animal bite usually results in a break in the skin but also includes contusions from the excessive pressure on body tissue from the bite. The contusions can occur without a break in the skin. Bites can be provoked or unprovoked. Other bite attacks may be apparently unprovoked. Biting is a physical action not only describing an attack but it is a normal response in an animal as it eats, carries objects, softens and prepares food for its young, removes ectoparasites from its body surface, removes plant seeds attached to its fur or hair, scratching itself, and grooming other animals. Animal bites often result in serious infections and mortality. Animal bites not only include injuries from the teeth of reptiles, mammals, but fish, and amphibians. Arthropods can also bite and leave injuries. Bite wounds can cause a number of signs and symptoms Generalized tissue damage due to ...
A dog bite is a bite inflicted upon a person, a group of persons or another animal by a dog. One or more successive bites is often considered a dog attack. The majority of dog bites do not result in injury, disfigurement, infection or permanent disability. Another type of dog bite is the 'soft bite' displayed by well-trained dogs, puppies and in non-aggressive play. Situations in which dog bites occur include dog fighting, mistreatment, trained dogs acting as guard or military animals, provoked or unprovoked. There is considerable debate on whether or not certain breeds of dogs are inherently more prone to commit attacks causing serious injury (i.e., so driven by instinct and breeding that, under certain circumstances, they are exceedingly likely to attempt or commit dangerous attacks). Regardless of the breed of the dog, it is recognized that the risk of dangerous dog attacks can be greatly increased by human actions (such as neglect or fight training) or ...
... is a fastidious, slow-growing Gram-negative rod of the genus Capnocytophaga. It is a commensal bacterium in the normal gingival flora of canine and feline species. Transmission may occur through bites, licks,or even close proximity with animals. C. canimorsus generally has low virulence in healthy individuals, but has been observed to cause severe illness in persons with pre-existing conditions. The pathogenesis of C. canimorsus is still largely unknown, but increased clinical diagnoses have fostered an interest in the bacillus. Treatment with antibiotics is effective in most cases, but the most important yet basic diagnostic tool available to clinicians remains the knowledge of recent exposure to canines or felines. Very little is known about the pathogenesis of this zoonotic pathogen. Capnocytophaga canimorsus was first observed in 1976 by Bobo and Newton. The pair isolated a previously unknown Gram-negative bacteria from a patient presenting with meningitis in ...
Cat bites are bites inflicted upon humans, other cats, and other animals by the domestic cat. (Latin: Felis catus) Though uncommon, sometimes cat bites can lead to complications and very rarely, death. Cat bites are usually considered as minor injuries but can result in serious infection. Not all infections that can be obtained from exposure to a cat are transmitted through a cat bite, like plague. The resident flora in the mouth of the cat includes Pasteurella, Staph, Bartonella, and Streptococcus species. Bites from cats more often develop infections more frequently than dogs. The teeth of a cat are sharp, pointed and can cause deep wounds. After a cat bite, the skin usually healing closes rapidly over the bite and traps microorganisms. The bites from cats can infect a person with: Cat-scratch disease, caused by the bacterium Bartonella henselae)Cat-scratch disease is a bacterial disease that people may ...
... is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria. Normally found in the oropharyngeal tract of mammals, they are involved in the pathogenesis of some animal bite wounds as well as periodontal diseases. Capnocytophaga canimorsus transmission following a dog bite can cause overwhelming sepsis in asplenic patients, the elderly, and the immunocompromised. Empiric treatment for these bacteria following a dog bite, consisting of a third-generation cephalosporin early in the infection, should be instituted in these patient populations, or following deep bites or dog bites to the hand.[citation needed] The term Capnocytophaga comes from "Capno" for its dependence on CO2 and "cytophaga" for its flexibility and mobility shift (" gliding motility "). It belongs to the family of Flavobacteriaceae, order of Flavobacteriales, class of Flavobacteria, phylum Bacteroidetes and domain Bacteria. This gender includes 8 different species: Capnocytophaga ochracea, Capnocytophaga gingivalis, ...
The International Shark Attack File is a global database of shark attacks. It began as an attempt to catalogue shark attacks on servicemen during World War II. The Office of Naval Research funded it from 1958 until 1968. During that time a panel of shark experts developed a standard system for collecting accounts of shark attacks from around the world. The file was temporarily housed at the Mote Marine Laboratory in Sarasota, Florida until a permanent home was found at the Florida Museum of Natural History at the University of Florida. It is currently under the direction of members of the American Elasmobranch Society, including George H. Burgess. The file contains information on over 5,300 shark attacks and includes detailed, often privileged, information including autopsy reports and graphic photos. The file is accessible only to scientists whose access is permitted only by a review board.. ...
A spider bite, also known as arachnidism, is an injury resulting from the bite of a spider. The effects of most bites are not serious. Most bites result in mild symptoms around the area of the bite. Rarely they may produce a necrotic skin wound or severe pain. Most spiders do not cause bites that are of importance. For a bite to be significant, substantial envenomation is required. Bites from the widow spiders involve a neurotoxic venom which produces a condition known as latrodectism. Symptoms may include: pain which may be at the bite or involve the chest and abdomen, sweating, muscle cramps and vomiting among others. Bites from the recluse spiders cause the condition loxoscelism, in which local necrosis of the surrounding skin and widespread breakdown of red blood cells may occur. Headaches, vomiting and a mild fever may also occur. Other spiders that can cause significant bites include: the Australian ...
... occur when an insect is agitated and seeks to defend itself through its natural defense mechanisms, or when an insect seeks to feed off the bitten person. Some insects inject formic acid, which can cause an immediate skin reaction often resulting in redness and swelling in the injured area. Stings from fire ants, bees, wasps and hornets are usually painful, and may stimulate a dangerous allergic reaction called anaphylaxis for at-risk patients, and some wasps can also have a powerful bite along with a sting. Bites from mosquitoes and fleas are more likely to cause itching than pain. The skin reaction to insect bites and stings usually lasts for up to a few days. However, in some cases the local reaction can last for up to two years. These bites are sometimes misdiagnosed as other types of benign or cancerous lesions. The reaction to a sting is of three types. The normal reaction involves the area around the bite with ...
A honey bee that is away from the hive foraging for nectar or pollen will rarely sting, except when stepped on or roughly handled. Honey bees will actively seek out and sting when they perceive the hive to be threatened, often being alerted to this by the release of attack pheromones (below). Although it is widely believed that a worker honey bee can sting only once, this is a partial misconception: although the stinger is in fact barbed so that it lodges in the victim's skin, tearing loose from the bee's abdomen and leading to its death in minutes, this only happens if the skin of the victim is sufficiently thick, such as a mammal's.[3] Honey bees are the only hymenoptera with a strongly barbed sting, though yellow jackets and some other wasps have small barbs. Bees with barbed stingers can often sting other insects without harming themselves. Queen honeybees and bees of many other species, including bumblebees and many solitary bees, have smoother stingers with smaller barbs, and can sting ...
The pathophysiology of a spider bite is due to the effect of its venom. A spider envenomation occurs whenever a spider injects venom into the skin. Not all spider bites inject venom - a dry bite, and the amount of venom injected can vary based on the type of spider and the circumstances of the encounter. The mechanical injury from a spider bite is not a serious concern for humans. Some spider bites do leave a large enough wound that infection may be a concern. However, it is generally the toxicity of spider venom that poses the most risk to human beings; several spiders are known to have venom that can cause injury to humans in the amounts that a spider will typically inject when biting. Only a small percentage of species have bites that pose a danger to people. Many spiders do not have mouthparts capable of penetrating human skin. While venoms are by definition toxic substances, most spiders do not have venom that is toxic to humans (in the quantities ...
... is the preventive treatment of malaria. Several malaria vaccines are under development. Risk management Bite prevention-clothes that cover as much skin as possible, insect repellent, insecticide-impregnated bed nets and indoor residual spraying Chemoprophylaxis Rapid diagnosis and treatment Recent improvements in malaria prevention strategies have further enhanced its effectiveness in combating areas highly infected with the malaria parasite. Additional bite prevention measures include mosquito and insect repellents that can be directly applied to skin. This form of mosquito repellent is slowly replacing indoor residual spraying, which is considered to have high levels of toxicity by WHO (World Health Organization). Further additions to preventive care are sanctions on blood transfusions. Once the malaria parasite enters the erythorocytic stage, it can adversely affect blood cells, making it possible to contract the parasite through infected blood. Chloroquine may be used ...
The bites of fleas, spiders, mosquito and bed bugs causes similar symptoms but there are a few differences that may help you find out the true cause.. Bed bug's bites mainly show up in groups or line formations due to the bed bug's nature to feed more than once in the same area. They appear on body parts that are exposed during the sleep, like hands, feet, neck. Those bites cause intense itching for a few days after appearing.. Flea's bites are smaller and more pinkish, the ones caused by spiders are mostly big, isolated single bites revealing pierced skin. Mosquitoes' bites are more pale and the itching gradually disappear after few hours.. There are herbal and chemical ways of removing Bed Bugs bites.[2]. Fortunately Bed Bugs don't transit any diseases, however sometimes they can cause some serious allergic reactions.[3]. Taking a shower under semi-warm running water and cleaning affected ...
... è una canzone di Sting, estratta come secondo singolo dal suo secondo album solista, ...Nothing Like the Sun del 1987. Il singolo è stato pubblicato solamente in Giappone, Sudafrica, Australia, Canada e Stati Uniti.[1] La versione del singolo differisce da quella dell'album in quanto presenta una durata più ridotta.[2] La canzone ha ottenuto un buon successo negli Stati Uniti, raggiungendo la quindicesima posizione della Billboard Hot 100 e il secondo posto della Mainstream Rock Songs. È stata inoltre nominata ai Grammy Awards del 1989 nelle categorie Canzone dell'anno e Miglior interpretazione vocale maschile, senza tuttavia trionfare in nessuna delle due. Le parti di chitarra sono state eseguite da Andy Summers, ex-compagno di Sting nei Police. Il pezzo è stato inserito nell'edizione statunitense della raccolta Fields of Gold: The Best of Sting 1984-1994.[3] ...

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