"Bites and stings refer to tissue damage or toxic reactions caused by the teeth, mouthparts, or venomous secretions of animals such as insects, spiders, snakes, and mammals during predatory or defensive attacks."
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
The effects, both local and systemic, caused by the bite of SCORPIONS.
Bites by snakes. Bite by a venomous snake is characterized by stinging pain at the wound puncture. The venom injected at the site of the bite is capable of producing a deleterious effect on the blood or on the nervous system. (Webster's 3d ed; from Dorland, 27th ed, at snake, venomous)
Bites inflicted by humans.
The force applied by the masticatory muscles in dental occlusion.
The effects, both local and systemic, caused by the bites of SPIDERS.
A condition in which certain opposing teeth fail to establish occlusal contact when the jaws are closed.
Antisera used to counteract poisoning by animal VENOMS, especially SNAKE VENOMS.
Venoms obtained from Apis mellifera (honey bee) and related species. They contain various enzymes, polypeptide toxins, and other substances, some of which are allergenic or immunogenic or both. These venoms were formerly used in rheumatism to stimulate the pituitary-adrenal system.
Venoms produced by the wasp (Vespid) family of stinging insects, including hornets; the venoms contain enzymes, biogenic amines, histamine releasing factors, kinins, toxic polypeptides, etc., and are similar to bee venoms.
Arthropods of the order Scorpiones, of which 1500 to 2000 species have been described. The most common live in tropical or subtropical areas. They are nocturnal and feed principally on insects and other arthropods. They are large arachnids but do not attack man spontaneously. They have a venomous sting. Their medical significance varies considerably and is dependent on their habits and venom potency rather than on their size. At most, the sting is equivalent to that of a hornet but certain species possess a highly toxic venom potentially fatal to humans. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, p417; Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p503)
An extensive order of highly specialized insects including bees, wasps, and ants.
An acute hypersensitivity reaction due to exposure to a previously encountered ANTIGEN. The reaction may include rapidly progressing URTICARIA, respiratory distress, vascular collapse, systemic SHOCK, and death.
Venoms from animals of the phylum Arthropoda. Those most investigated are from scorpions and spiders of the class Arachnidae and from ant, bee, and wasp families of the Insecta order Hymenoptera. The venoms contain protein toxins, enzymes, and other bioactive substances and may be lethal to man.
Venoms from the superfamily Formicoidea, Ants. They may contain protein factors and toxins, histamine, enzymes, and alkaloids and are often allergenic or immunogenic.
Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.
Venoms produced by FISHES, including SHARKS and sting rays, usually delivered by spines. They contain various substances, including very labile toxins that affect the HEART specifically and all MUSCLES generally.
'Poisonous fishes' are aquatic organisms belonging to the Phylum Chordata and Class Pisces, that contain toxic substances either in their tissues or secretions, which can cause harmful or lethal effects when ingested, touched, or coming into contact with their released toxins.
The class of box jellyfish, in the phylum CNIDARIA, characterized by their cube shape, and considered the most venomous jellyfish.
Venoms from jellyfish; CORALS; SEA ANEMONES; etc. They contain hemo-, cardio-, dermo- , and neuro-toxic substances and probably ENZYMES. They include palytoxin, sarcophine, and anthopleurine.
Immunosuppression by the administration of increasing doses of antigen. Though the exact mechanism is not clear, the therapy results in an increase in serum levels of allergen-specific IMMUNOGLOBULIN G, suppression of specific IgE, and an increase in suppressor T-cell activity.
The class of true jellyfish, in the phylum CNIDARIA. They are mostly free-swimming marine organisms that go through five stages in their life cycle and exhibit two body forms: polyp and medusa.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
## I'm sorry for any confusion, but there seems to be a misunderstanding as "Belize" is a country located in Central America and not a medical term. It is always important to ensure the accuracy of terminology, particularly in medical contexts.
The effects, both local and systemic, caused by the bites of TICKS.
A family of snakes comprising three subfamilies: Azemiopinae (the mountain viper, the sole member of this subfamily), Viperinae (true vipers), and Crotalinae (pit vipers). They are widespread throughout the world, being found in the United States, Central and South America, Europe, Asia and Africa. Their venoms act on the blood (hemotoxic) as compared to the venom of elapids which act on the nervous system (neurotoxic). (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, pp333-36)
A registration of any positional relationship of the mandible in reference to the maxillae. These records may be any of the many vertical, horizontal, or orientation relations. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry)
An interferon regulatory factor that is expressed constitutively and undergoes POST-TRANSLATIONAL MODIFICATION following viral infection. PHOSPHORYLATION of IRF-3 causes the protein to be translocated from the CYTOPLASM to CELL NUCLEUS where it binds DNA, and activates transcription.
Venoms from animals of the order Scorpionida of the class Arachnida. They contain neuro- and hemotoxins, enzymes, and various other factors that may release acetylcholine and catecholamines from nerve endings. Of the several protein toxins that have been characterized, most are immunogenic.
Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.
The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.
Emergency care or treatment given to a person who suddenly becomes ill or injured before full medical services become available.
Invasion of the site of trauma by pathogenic microorganisms.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
External application of water for therapeutic purposes.
An abnormal passage in the oral cavity on the gingiva.
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.
A histamine H1 antagonist used as an antiemetic, antitussive, for dermatoses and pruritus, for hypersensitivity reactions, as a hypnotic, an antiparkinson, and as an ingredient in common cold preparations. It has some undesired antimuscarinic and sedative effects.
Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.
Common name of the order Siluriformes. This order contains many families and over 2,000 species, including venomous species. Heteropneustes and Plotosus genera have dangerous stings and are aggressive. Most species are passive stingers.
A group of XANTHENES that contain a 9-keto OXYGEN.
A malocclusion in which maxillary incisor and canine teeth project over the mandiblar teeth excessively. The overlap is measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane and is also called vertical overlap. When the overlap is measured parallel to the occlusal plane it is referred to as overjet.
Necrosis or disintegration of skeletal muscle often followed by myoglobinuria.
Agents that are used to treat allergic reactions. Most of these drugs act by preventing the release of inflammatory mediators or inhibiting the actions of released mediators on their target cells. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p475)
Blood-sucking acarid parasites of the order Ixodida comprising two families: the softbacked ticks (ARGASIDAE) and hardbacked ticks (IXODIDAE). Ticks are larger than their relatives, the MITES. They penetrate the skin of their host by means of highly specialized, hooked mouth parts and feed on its blood. Ticks attack all groups of terrestrial vertebrates. In humans they are responsible for many TICK-BORNE DISEASES, including the transmission of ROCKY MOUNTAIN SPOTTED FEVER; TULAREMIA; BABESIOSIS; AFRICAN SWINE FEVER; and RELAPSING FEVER. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, pp543-44)
A disorder of the skin, the oral mucosa, and the gingiva, that usually presents as a solitary polypoid capillary hemangioma often resulting from trauma. It is manifested as an inflammatory response with similar characteristics to those of a granuloma.
Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Determination of the quantity of a material present in a mixture by measurement of its effect on the electrical conductivity of the mixture. (Webster, 3d ed)
The management and maintenance of colonies of honeybees.
Lip diseases refer to various medical conditions that primarily affect the lips, causing symptoms such as inflammation, pain, dryness, discoloration, or abnormal growths, which may result from infectious, autoimmune, genetic, traumatic, or neoplastic causes.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous plants, insects, or other animals. This includes control of plants that serve as habitats or food sources for animal pests.
Sucking of the finger. This is one of the most common manipulations of the body found in young children.
Acquired responses regularly manifested by tongue movement or positioning.
A genus of snakes of the family VIPERIDAE. It is distributed in West Pakistan, most of India, Burma, Ceylon, Thailand, southeast China, Taiwan, and a few islands of Indonesia. It hisses loudly when disturbed and strikes with great force and speed. Very prolific, it gives birth to 20-60 young. This viper is the leading cause of snakebite in India and Burma. (Moore: Poisonous Snakes of the World, 1980, p127)
A class in the phylum CNIDARIA which alternates between polyp and medusa forms during their life cycle. There are over 2700 species in five orders.
A family of extremely venomous snakes, comprising coral snakes, cobras, mambas, kraits, and sea snakes. They are widely distributed, being found in the southern United States, South America, Africa, southern Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands. The elapids include three subfamilies: Elapinae, Hydrophiinae, and Lauticaudinae. Like the viperids, they have venom fangs in the front part of the upper jaw. The mambas of Africa are the most dangerous of all snakes by virtue of their size, speed, and highly toxic venom. (Goin, Goin, and Zug, Introduction to Herpetology, 3d ed, p329-33)
An immunoglobulin associated with MAST CELLS. Overexpression has been associated with allergic hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).
The capacity of a normal organism to remain unaffected by microorganisms and their toxins. It results from the presence of naturally occurring ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS, constitutional factors such as BODY TEMPERATURE and immediate acting immune cells such as NATURAL KILLER CELLS.
The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.
A cell line generated from human embryonic kidney cells that were transformed with human adenovirus type 5.

Antibody levels to recombinant tick calreticulin increase in humans after exposure to Ixodes scapularis (Say) and are correlated with tick engorgement indices. (1/565)

The antibody responses of subjects who presented with a definite Ixodes scapularis (Say) tick bite were measured to determine the utility of the antibody response against recombinant tick calreticulin (rTC) as a biologic marker of tick exposure. Subjects bitten by I. scapularis evidenced an increase in anti-rTC antibody levels between visit 1 and visit 2 from 24.3 to 27.1 ng/microl serum (n = 88, p = 0.003), and levels remained elevated at visit 3 (p = 0.005). These anti-rTC antibody levels during visits 2 and 3 were significantly higher than those in four non-exposed controls. Tick engorgement indices, measured on the biting ticks, were found to be correlated with anti-rTC antibody levels (e.g., for visit 3: Pearson's r = 0.357, p = 0.001). Tick engorgement index (TEI), ratio of body length to scutal width, was identified to be the only independent predictor of anti-rTC antibody levels in linear regression models. Logistic regression revealed that a bite from an I. scapularis tick that became engorged (TEI >3.4) was a risk factor for anti-rTC antibody seropositivity (adjusted odds ratio for age and bite location = 7.4 (95% confidence interval 2.1-26.4)). The anti-rTC antibody test had a sensitivity of 0.50 and a specificity of 0.86 for a bite from I. scapularis that became engorged. Immunoblotting revealed that subjects made a specific anti-rTC antibody response.  (+info)

Fulminant infection by uncommon organisms in animal bite wounds. (2/565)

In 1995 and 1996, 215 patients exposed to different species of animals were treated at the Amarnath Polyclinic, Balasore, in India. Among them were two children infected by uncommon organisms, i.e., Capnocytophaga canimorsus and Pasteurella multocida; the patients recovered with appropriate antibiotic therapy.  (+info)

Clinical course and risk factors of hepatitis C virus related liver disease in the general population: report from the Dionysos study. (3/565)

BACKGROUND: The severity, clinical course, and risk of hepatitis C virus (HCV) related chronic liver disease are still rather poorly defined. AIMS: To investigate the prevalence, risk factors, and severity of HCV related liver disease in the general population, and investigate whether infection with a specific genotype is associated with an increased risk of cirrhosis or hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: HCV RNA determination by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and HCV genotyping were performed in all anti-HCV positive subjects belonging to the Dionysos study (6917 subjects). Diagnosis of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma was established by liver biopsy in all cases. All the data were analysed by univariate and multivariate statistics in all the cohort. To investigate the natural history of HCV infection, anti-HCV positive subjects were followed up every six months for three years with liver function tests and ultrasonograms. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of HCV RNA positivity was 2.3%. Positivity increased progressively with age, and was higher in women (ratio of men to women = 0.7). Genotypes 1b and 2a were the most frequent (42 and 24% of HCV RNA positive patients), with a prevalence of 1 and 0.6% respectively. Intravenous drug use, blood transfusions received before 1990, history of previous hepatitis among the cohabiting, and history of animal (mainly dogs) bites were significantly (p<0.05) associated with HCV infection, independently of age and sex. Multivariate analysis showed that, independently of age, sex, and alcohol intake, genotype 1b infection, with or without coinfection with other genotypes, is the major risk factor associated with the presence of cirrhosis and/or hepatocellular carcinoma. During the three years of follow up, 57 (35%) of the HCV RNA positive subjects had consistently normal alanine aminotransferase and gamma-glutamyltransferase values. Two of the 22 HCV RNA positive cirrhotic patients, all drinking more than 90 g of alcohol a day, developed hepatocellular carcinoma (incidence rate = 3.0% per year). CONCLUSIONS: In the general population of Northern Italy, HCV infection is widespread, but only less than 50% of the anti-HCV positive subjects, particularly those infected with genotype 1b, are associated with a more severe liver disease. Alcohol consumption greater that 30 g a day significantly aggravates the natural course of the disease.  (+info)

Characterization of Bacteroides forsythus strains from cat and dog bite wounds in humans and comparison with monkey and human oral strains. (4/565)

Bacteroides forsythus strains recovered from cat and dog bite wound infections in humans (n = 3), monkey oral strains (n = 3), and the human oral ATCC 43037 type strain were characterized by using phenotypic characteristics, enzymatic tests, whole cell fatty acid analysis, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis, PCR fingerprinting, and 16S rDNA (genes coding for rRNA) sequencing. All three bite wound isolates grew on brucella agar supplemented with 5% sheep blood, vitamin K1, and hemin. These strains, unlike the ATCC strain and previously described monkey oral and human clinical strains, did not require N-acetylmuramic acid supplementation for growth as pure cultures. However, their phenotypic characteristics, except for catalase production, were similar to those of previously identified strains. PCR fingerprinting analysis showed differences in band patterns from the ATCC strain. Also, SDS-PAGE and whole cell fatty acid analysis indicated that the dog and cat bite wound strains were similar but not identical to the human B. forsythus ATCC 43037 type strain and the monkey oral strains. The rDNA sequence analysis indicated that the three bite wound isolates had 99.93% homology with each other and 98.9 and 99.22% homology with the human ATCC 43037 and monkey oral strains, respectively. These results suggest that there are host-specific variations within each group.  (+info)

Human rabies postexposure prophylaxis during a raccoon rabies epizootic in New York, 1993 and 1994. (5/565)

We describe the epidemiology of human rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) in four upstate New York counties during the 1st and 2nd year of a raccoon rabies epizootic. We obtained data from records of 1,173 persons whose rabies PEP was reported to local health departments in 1993 and 1994. Mean annual PEP incidence rates were highest in rural counties, in summer, and in patients 10 to 14 and 35 to 44 years of age. PEP given after bites was primarily associated with unvaccinated dogs and cats, but most (70%) was not attributable to bites. Although pet vaccination and stray animal control, which target direct exposure, remain the cornerstones of human rabies prevention, the risk for rabies by the nonbite route (e. g., raccoon saliva on pet dogs' and cats' fur) should also be considered.  (+info)

Risk for rabies transmission from encounters with bats, Colorado, 1977-1996. (6/565)

To assess the risk for rabies transmission to humans by bats, we analyzed the prevalence of rabies in bats that encountered humans from 1977 to 1996 and characterized the bat-human encounters. Rabies was diagnosed in 685 (15%) of 4,470 bats tested. The prevalence of rabies in bats that bit humans was 2.1 times higher than in bats that did not bite humans. At least a third of the encounters were preventable.  (+info)

Update on the status of Africanized honey bees in the western states. (7/565)

The Africanized honey bee (AHB), Apis mellifera scutella--perhaps better known as the "killer bee"--has arrived in the western United States and in southern California, following a nearly 50-year north-ward migration across South and Central America. First detected near Hidalgo, Texas in October 1993, the bees continue to advance 100 to 300 miles per year by colonizing existing hives or forming new hives in the wild. Although the AHB's "killer" reputation has been greatly exaggerated, the presence of AHBs will increase the chances of people being stung.  (+info)

Linezolid activity compared to those of selected macrolides and other agents against aerobic and anaerobic pathogens isolated from soft tissue bite infections in humans. (8/565)

Linezolid was tested against 420 aerobes and anaerobes, including 148 Pasteurella isolates, by an agar dilution method. Linezolid was active against all Pasteurella multocida subsp. multocida and P. multocida subsp. septica isolates and most Pasteurella canis, Pasteurella dagmatis, and Pasteurella stomatis isolates. The MIC was +info)

"Bites and stings" is a general term used to describe injuries resulting from the teeth or venomous secretions of animals. These can include:

1. Insect bites: The bite marks are usually small, punctate, and may be accompanied by symptoms such as redness, swelling, itching, and pain. Examples include mosquito, flea, bedbug, and tick bites.

2. Spider bites: Some spiders possess venomous fangs that can cause localized pain, redness, and swelling. In severe cases, systemic symptoms like muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, and difficulty breathing may occur. The black widow and brown recluse spiders are notorious for their venomous bites.

3. Snake bites: Venomous snakes deliver toxic saliva through their fangs, which can lead to local tissue damage, swelling, pain, and potentially life-threatening systemic effects such as paralysis, bleeding disorders, and respiratory failure.

4. Mammal bites: Animal bites from mammals like dogs, cats, and wild animals can cause puncture wounds, lacerations, and crush injuries. They may also transmit infectious diseases, such as rabies.

5. Marine animal stings: Stings from jellyfish, sea urchins, stingrays, and other marine creatures can result in localized pain, redness, swelling, and systemic symptoms like difficulty breathing, muscle cramps, and altered heart rhythms. Some marine animals' venoms can cause severe allergic reactions or even death.

Treatment for bites and stings varies depending on the type and severity of the injury. It may include wound care, pain management, antibiotics to prevent infection, and in some cases, antivenom therapy to counteract the effects of venom. Seeking immediate medical attention is crucial in severe cases or when systemic symptoms are present.

Insect bites and stings refer to the penetration of the skin by insects, such as mosquitoes, fleas, ticks, or bees, often resulting in localized symptoms including redness, swelling, itching, and pain. The reaction can vary depending on the individual's sensitivity and the type of insect. In some cases, systemic reactions like anaphylaxis may occur, which requires immediate medical attention. Treatment typically involves relieving symptoms with topical creams, antihistamines, or in severe cases, epinephrine. Prevention measures include using insect repellent and protective clothing.

Scorpion stings are defined as injuries caused by the venomous sting of a scorpion. These creatures have a venomous stinger on their tail, which they use to inject venom into their prey or attackers. The severity of a scorpion sting can vary greatly depending on the species of scorpion and the amount of venom injected. Some stings may cause only minor pain and swelling, while others can be life-threatening, causing symptoms such as difficulty breathing, muscle twitching, convulsions, and cardiac arrest. Immediate medical attention is required for severe scorpion stings, and treatment typically involves the use of antivenom to neutralize the venom.

A snake bite is a traumatic injury resulting from the puncture or laceration of skin by the fangs of a snake, often accompanied by envenomation. Envenomation occurs when the snake injects venom into the victim's body through its fangs. The severity and type of symptoms depend on various factors such as the species of snake, the amount of venom injected, the location of the bite, and the individual's sensitivity to the venom. Symptoms can range from localized pain, swelling, and redness to systemic effects like coagulopathy, neurotoxicity, or cardiotoxicity, which may lead to severe complications or even death if not treated promptly and appropriately.

'Human bites' refer to wounds or injuries resulting from the human mouth coming into contact with another person's body tissue. These bites can occur during fights, accidents, or intentional acts and can cause damage ranging from minor abrasions to serious tissue injury or infection. Human bite wounds may also pose a risk of transmission for various pathogens, including bacteria like Streptococcus and Staphylococcus species, hepatitis B and C viruses, and herpes simplex virus. Proper evaluation, wound care, and potential antibiotic treatment are crucial to prevent complications associated with human bites.

Bite force refers to the amount of force or pressure that can be exerted by the teeth and jaw when biting down or clenching together. It is a measure of an individual's maximum biting strength, typically expressed in units such as pounds (lb) or newtons (N). Bite force is an important factor in various biological and medical contexts, including oral health, nutrition, and the study of animal behavior and evolution.

In humans, bite force can vary widely depending on factors such as age, sex, muscle strength, and dental health. On average, a healthy adult human male may have a maximum bite force of around 150-200 pounds (670-890 newtons), while an adult female may have a bite force of around 100-130 pounds (445-578 newtons). However, these values can vary significantly from person to person.

Abnormalities in bite force can be indicative of various medical conditions or injuries, such as temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD), muscle weakness, or neurological disorders affecting the facial muscles. Assessing and measuring bite force may also be useful in evaluating the effectiveness of dental treatments or appliances, such as dentures or orthodontic devices.

A spider bite is not a medical condition in and of itself, but rather an injury caused by the puncture of the skin by the fangs of a spider. Not all spiders are capable of penetrating human skin, and only a small number of species found in certain parts of the world have venom that can cause harmful reactions in humans.

The symptoms of a spider bite can vary widely depending on the species of spider, the amount of venom injected, the sensitivity of the person bitten, and the location of the bite. Some common symptoms include redness, swelling, pain, itching, and formation of a blister at the site of the bite. In more severe cases, symptoms such as muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing can occur.

It is important to note that many skin reactions that are attributed to spider bites may actually be caused by other factors such as bacterial infections or allergic reactions. Accurate identification of the spider responsible for a bite is often difficult, and in most cases, treatment is directed at relieving symptoms and preventing complications.

An open bite, in dental terminology, refers to a type of malocclusion (or misalignment) where the upper and lower teeth do not make contact with each other when the jaw is closed. More specifically, the front teeth of both the upper and lower jaws fail to meet or overlap normally, creating an opening in the bite. This condition can lead to various problems such as difficulty in biting, chewing, speaking clearly, and even cause temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD). Open bite can be caused by several factors including thumb sucking, tongue thrusting, genetic factors, or abnormal jaw development. Treatment usually involves orthodontic intervention, possibly with the use of appliances or even surgery in severe cases.

Antivenins, also known as antivenoms, are medications created specifically to counteract venomous bites or stings from various creatures such as snakes, spiders, scorpions, and marine animals. They contain antibodies that bind to and neutralize the toxic proteins present in venom. Antivenins are usually made by immunizing large animals (like horses) with small amounts of venom over time, which prompts the animal's immune system to produce antibodies against the venom. The antibody-rich serum is then collected from the immunized animal and purified for use as an antivenin.

When administered to a victim who has been envenomated, antivenins work by binding to the venom molecules, preventing them from causing further damage to the body's tissues and organs. This helps minimize the severity of symptoms and can save lives in life-threatening situations. It is essential to seek immediate medical attention if bitten or stung by a venomous creature, as antivenins should be administered as soon as possible for optimal effectiveness.

Bee venom is a poisonous substance that a honeybee (Apis mellifera) injects into the skin of a person or animal when it stings. It's produced in the venom gland and stored in the venom sac of the bee. Bee venom is a complex mixture of proteins, peptides, and other compounds. The main active components of bee venom include melittin, apamin, and phospholipase A2.

Melittin is a toxic peptide that causes pain, redness, and swelling at the site of the sting. It also has hemolytic (red blood cell-destroying) properties. Apamin is a neurotoxin that can affect the nervous system and cause neurological symptoms in severe cases. Phospholipase A2 is an enzyme that can damage cell membranes and contribute to the inflammatory response.

Bee venom has been used in traditional medicine for centuries, particularly in China and other parts of Asia. It's believed to have anti-inflammatory, analgesic (pain-relieving), and immunomodulatory effects. Some studies suggest that bee venom may have therapeutic potential for a variety of medical conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and chronic pain. However, more research is needed to confirm these findings and to determine the safety and efficacy of bee venom therapy.

It's important to note that bee stings can cause severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) in some people, which can be life-threatening. If you experience symptoms such as difficulty breathing, rapid heartbeat, or hives after being stung by a bee, seek medical attention immediately.

Wasp venoms are complex mixtures of bioactive molecules produced by wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) to defend themselves and paralyze prey. The main components include:

1. Phospholipases A2 (PLA2): Enzymes that can cause pain, inflammation, and damage to cell membranes.
2. Hyaluronidase: An enzyme that helps spread the venom by breaking down connective tissues.
3. Proteases: Enzymes that break down proteins and contribute to tissue damage and inflammation.
4. Antigen 5: A major allergen that can cause severe allergic reactions (anaphylaxis) in sensitive individuals.
5. Mastoparan: A peptide that induces histamine release, leading to localized inflammation and pain.
6. Neurotoxins: Some wasp venoms contain neurotoxins that can cause paralysis or neurological symptoms.

The composition of wasp venoms may vary among species, and individual sensitivity to the components can result in different reactions ranging from localized pain, swelling, and redness to systemic allergic responses.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question as "scorpions" are not a medical term, but instead refer to a type of arachnid. If you're asking about a medical condition that might involve scorpions, then perhaps you're referring to "scorpion stings."

Scorpion stings occur when a scorpion uses its venomous stinger to inject venom into another animal or human. The effects of a scorpion sting can vary greatly depending on the species of scorpion and the amount of venom injected, but generally, they can cause localized pain, swelling, and redness at the site of the sting. In more severe cases, symptoms such as numbness, difficulty breathing, muscle twitching, or convulsions may occur. Some species of scorpions have venom that can be life-threatening to humans, especially in children, the elderly, and those with compromised immune systems.

If you are looking for information on a specific medical condition or term, please provide more details so I can give you a more accurate answer.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Hymenoptera" is not a medical term. It is a scientific classification in biology, specifically referring to an order of insects that includes sawflies, bees, ants, and wasps. These insects are characterized by having two pairs of membranous wings (except for some species that have only one pair or are wingless) and a slender waist. Some people may have allergic reactions to the venom of stinging Hymenoptera, such as bees and wasps, which can cause medical issues. However, "Hymenoptera" itself is not a medical term.

Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening systemic allergic reaction that occurs suddenly after exposure to an allergen (a substance that triggers an allergic reaction) to which the person has previously been sensitized. The symptoms of anaphylaxis include rapid onset of symptoms such as itching, hives, swelling of the throat and tongue, difficulty breathing, wheezing, cough, chest tightness, rapid heartbeat, hypotension (low blood pressure), shock, and in severe cases, loss of consciousness and death. Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment with epinephrine (adrenaline) and other supportive measures to stabilize the patient's condition.

Arthropod venoms are toxic secretions produced by the venom glands of various arthropods, such as spiders, scorpions, insects, and marine invertebrates. These venoms typically contain a complex mixture of bioactive molecules, including peptides, proteins, enzymes, and small molecules, which can cause a range of symptoms and effects in humans and other animals.

The specific composition of arthropod venoms varies widely depending on the species and can be tailored to serve various functions, such as prey immobilization, defense, or predation. Some arthropod venoms contain neurotoxins that can disrupt nerve function and cause paralysis, while others may contain cytotoxins that damage tissues or hemotoxins that affect the blood and cardiovascular system.

Arthropod venoms have been studied for their potential therapeutic applications, as some of their bioactive components have shown promise in treating various medical conditions, including pain, inflammation, and neurological disorders. However, it is important to note that arthropod venoms can also cause severe allergic reactions and other adverse effects in susceptible individuals, making it essential to exercise caution when handling or coming into contact with venomous arthropods.

Ant venoms are toxic secretions produced by various species of ants as a defense mechanism against predators and to incapacitate their prey. The composition of ant venoms varies among different species, but they typically contain a mixture of alkaloids, peptides, and proteins that can cause a range of symptoms in humans, from mild irritation and pain to severe allergic reactions.

The venom of some ant species, such as the fire ants (Solenopsis spp.), contains alkaloids that can cause painful pustules and itching, while the venom of other species, like the bulldog ants (Myrmecia spp.), contains proteins that can induce severe allergic reactions and even anaphylactic shock in sensitive individuals.

Understanding the composition and effects of ant venoms is important for developing effective treatments for ant stings and for studying their potential therapeutic applications, such as using ant venom components in pain management or as leads for new drug development.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "wasps" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Wasps are a type of insect in the order Hymenoptera, and some people can have allergic reactions to their stings. However, there is no medical condition or disease specifically associated with wasps. If you have any specific medical concerns or questions, I would be happy to try to help if I can!

Fish venoms are toxic substances produced by some species of fish, primarily found in their spines, fins, or skin. These venoms are used for defense against predators and can cause painful injuries to humans who come into contact with them. The venomous fishes belong to various taxonomic groups, including catfishes (order Siluriformes), stingrays (superorder Batoidea), scorpionfishes (family Scorpaenidae), weevers (family Trachinidae), and stonefishes (family Synanceiidae).

The composition of fish venoms varies among species, but they typically contain a mixture of proteins, enzymes, and small molecules that can induce local and systemic effects. Local reactions usually involve pain, swelling, and redness at the site of the injury, while systemic symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, difficulty breathing, paralysis, or even death in severe cases.

Immediate medical attention is required for fish venom injuries to manage pain, prevent infection, and treat potential systemic effects. Treatment usually involves removing any remaining venomous spines or fragments, immersing the wound in hot water (>45°C/113°F) to denature the proteins in the venom, and administering appropriate analgesics, antibiotics, and supportive care as needed.

'Poisonous fishes' are species of fish that contain toxic substances in their bodies, which can cause harm or injury to other organisms, including humans. These toxins can be present in various parts of the fish, such as the flesh, skin, organs, or even in the form of venomous spines.

There are several types of poisonous fishes, including:

1. Pufferfish (Fugu): These fish contain a potent neurotoxin called tetrodotoxin (TTX) in their organs, especially the liver and ovaries. TTX is highly toxic and can cause paralysis and death if ingested in even small amounts.
2. Stonefish: Stonefishes are venomous fishes that have sharp, spiny dorsal fins that can inject a painful toxin into the skin when stepped on or touched. The venom can cause severe pain, swelling, and tissue damage, and in some cases, it can lead to respiratory failure and death.
3. Blue-ringed octopuses: While not technically fish, blue-ringed octopuses are often included in discussions of poisonous marine life. They have venom glands that produce a powerful neurotoxin called tetrodotoxin (TTX), which can cause paralysis and death if it enters the bloodstream.
4. Cone snails: Cone snails are predatory mollusks that use a harpoon-like tooth to inject venom into their prey. Some species of cone snail have venom that contains powerful neurotoxins, which can cause paralysis and death in humans.
5. Lionfish: Lionfish are venomous fishes that have spines on their dorsal, pelvic, and anal fins that can inject a painful toxin into the skin when touched or stepped on. The venom can cause pain, swelling, and other symptoms, but it is rarely fatal to humans.

It's important to note that many species of fish can become toxic if they consume harmful algae blooms (HABs) or other contaminants in their environment. These "toxic fishes" are not considered poisonous by definition, as their toxicity is not inherent to their biology.

Cubozoa is a taxonomic class of marine animals commonly known as box jellyfish or sea wasps. These creatures are characterized by their cube-shaped medusae, which have four corners and trailing tentacles on each side. The Cubozoans are found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. They are known for their powerful venom, which can be deadly to humans.

The term "Cubozoa" is derived from the Latin word "cubus," meaning cube, and the Greek word "zoon," meaning animal. The class is part of the phylum Cnidaria, which also includes corals, sea anemones, and other jellyfish.

It's worth noting that while some people use the term "box jellyfish" to refer specifically to Cubozoans, others may use it more broadly to include any jellyfish with a box-like shape, regardless of their taxonomic classification.

Cnidarian venoms are toxic substances produced by members of the phylum Cnidaria, which includes jellyfish, sea anemones, corals, and hydroids. These venoms are primarily contained in specialized cells called cnidocytes or nematocysts, which are found in the tentacles of these animals. When a cnidarian comes into contact with prey or a potential threat, the cnidocytes discharge, injecting the venom into the target through a hollow tubule.

Cnidarian venoms are complex mixtures of bioactive molecules, including proteins, peptides, and small organic compounds. The composition of these venoms can vary significantly between different cnidarian species, as well as between different life stages or sexes of the same species. Some cnidarian venoms primarily serve a defensive function, causing pain or other unpleasant symptoms in potential predators, while others have a more offensive role, helping to immobilize prey before consumption.

The effects of cnidarian venoms on humans can range from mild irritation and stinging sensations to severe pain, swelling, and allergic reactions. In some cases, cnidarian envenomations can lead to more serious complications, such as respiratory distress, cardiac arrhythmias, or even death, particularly in individuals with underlying health conditions or allergies to the venom.

Research on cnidarian venoms has led to important insights into the biochemistry and molecular mechanisms of pain, inflammation, and neurotoxicity, as well as the development of new therapeutic strategies for treating various medical conditions. Additionally, understanding the structure and function of cnidarian venom components has inspired the design of novel bioactive molecules with potential applications in drug discovery, pest control, and other areas of biotechnology.

Desensitization, Immunologic is a medical procedure that aims to decrease the immune system's response to an allergen. This is achieved through the controlled exposure of the patient to gradually increasing amounts of the allergen, ultimately leading to a reduction in the severity of allergic reactions upon subsequent exposures. The process typically involves administering carefully measured and incrementally larger doses of the allergen, either orally, sublingually (under the tongue), or by injection, under medical supervision. Over time, this repeated exposure can help the immune system become less sensitive to the allergen, thereby alleviating allergic symptoms.

The specific desensitization protocol and administration method may vary depending on the type of allergen and individual patient factors. Immunologic desensitization is most commonly used for environmental allergens like pollen, dust mites, or pet dander, as well as insect venoms such as bee or wasp stings. It is important to note that this procedure should only be performed under the close supervision of a qualified healthcare professional, as there are potential risks involved, including anaphylaxis (a severe and life-threatening allergic reaction).

Scyphozoa is a class in the phylum Cnidaria, which includes true jellyfish. Scyphozoans are free-swimming marine animals characterized by a medusa-like stage in their life cycle that is dominant and persistent. They have a bell-shaped body with tentacles hanging from the margin of the bell. The tentacles contain cnidocytes, specialized cells that deliver venom through nematocysts to capture prey. Scyphozoans have a simple nervous system and lack a brain or centralized nervous system. They also have a radial symmetry, meaning their body parts are arranged around a central axis. Some examples of Scyphozoa include the sea nettle, moon jelly, and lion's mane jellyfish.

"Bees" are not a medical term, as they refer to various flying insects belonging to the Apidae family in the Apoidea superfamily. They are known for their role in pollination and honey production. If you're looking for medical definitions or information, please provide relevant terms.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Belize" is not a medical term or concept. It is the name of a country located in Central America, bordered by Mexico to the north, Guatemala to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to help with those instead.

A "tick bite" refers to the penetration of the skin by a tick, a small arachnid, for the purpose of feeding on the host's blood. This process often involves the tick's mouthparts piercing the skin and attaching themselves securely to the host. Tick bites can potentially transmit diseases, such as Lyme disease or Rocky Mountain spotted fever, depending on the type of tick and the length of time it remains attached. It is important to check for and promptly remove ticks from the body to reduce the risk of infection.

Viperidae is not a term that has a medical definition per se, but it is a term used in the field of biology and zoology. Viperidae is the family name for a group of venomous snakes commonly known as vipers. This family includes various types of pit vipers, adders, and rattlesnakes.

While Viperidae itself may not have direct medical relevance, understanding the biology and behavior of these creatures is important in the context of medical fields such as toxicology and emergency medicine. Knowledge about the venomous properties of viper snakes and their potential to cause harm to humans is crucial for appropriate treatment and management of snakebites.

A Jaw Relation Record (also known as a "mounted cast" or "articulated record") is a dental term used to describe the process of recording and replicating the precise spatial relationship between the upper and lower jaws. This information is crucial in various dental treatments, such as designing and creating dental restorations, dentures, or orthodontic appliances.

The Jaw Relation Record typically involves these steps:

1. Determining the optimal jaw position (occlusion) during a clinical procedure called "bite registration." This is done by using various materials like waxes, silicones, or impression compounds to record the relationship between the upper and lower teeth in a static position or at specific movements.
2. Transferring this bite registration to an articulator, which is a mechanical device that simulates jaw movement. The articulator holds dental casts (replicas of the patient's teeth) and allows for adjustments based on the recorded jaw relationship.
3. Mounting the dental casts onto the articulator according to the bite registration. This creates an accurate representation of the patient's oral structures, allowing dentists or technicians to evaluate, plan, and fabricate dental restorations that will fit harmoniously in the mouth and provide optimal function and aesthetics.

In summary, a Jaw Relation Record is a critical component in dental treatment planning and restoration design, as it captures and replicates the precise spatial relationship between the upper and lower jaws.

Interferon Regulatory Factor-3 (IRF-3) is a transcription factor that plays a crucial role in the innate immune response. It is part of the Interferon Regulatory Factor family, which consists of several proteins involved in regulating the expression of genes related to the immune system.

IRF-3 is primarily known for its role in the production of type I interferons (IFNs), which are cytokines that help mediate the body's response to viral infections and other threats. When activated, IRF-3 translocates to the nucleus and binds to specific DNA sequences, promoting the expression of genes involved in the production of type I IFNs.

IRF-3 is typically kept in an inactive state in the cytoplasm of unstimulated cells. However, when a cell detects pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) or danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), signaling cascades are triggered that lead to the activation of IRF-3. This activation involves phosphorylation and dimerization of IRF-3, which then translocates to the nucleus and induces the expression of type I IFN genes.

Overall, Interferon Regulatory Factor-3 is a key player in the body's early defense against viral infections and other threats, helping to initiate the production of type I interferons and coordinate the immune response.

Scorpion venoms are complex mixtures of neurotoxins, enzymes, and other bioactive molecules that are produced by the venom glands of scorpions. These venoms are primarily used for prey immobilization and defense. The neurotoxins found in scorpion venoms can cause a variety of symptoms in humans, including pain, swelling, numbness, and in severe cases, respiratory failure and death.

Scorpion venoms are being studied for their potential medical applications, such as in the development of new pain medications and insecticides. Additionally, some components of scorpion venom have been found to have antimicrobial properties and may be useful in the development of new antibiotics.

Hypersensitivity, Immediate: Also known as Type I hypersensitivity, it is an exaggerated and abnormal immune response that occurs within minutes to a few hours after exposure to a second dose of an allergen (a substance that triggers an allergic reaction). This type of hypersensitivity is mediated by immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies, which are produced by the immune system in response to the first exposure to the allergen. Upon subsequent exposures, these IgE antibodies bind to mast cells and basophils, leading to their degranulation and the release of mediators such as histamine, leukotrienes, and prostaglandins. These mediators cause a variety of symptoms, including itching, swelling, redness, and pain at the site of exposure, as well as systemic symptoms such as difficulty breathing, wheezing, and hypotension (low blood pressure). Examples of immediate hypersensitivity reactions include allergic asthma, hay fever, anaphylaxis, and some forms of food allergy.

Mastication is the medical term for the process of chewing food. It's the first step in digestion, where food is broken down into smaller pieces by the teeth, making it easier to swallow and further digest. The act of mastication involves not only the physical grinding and tearing of food by the teeth but also the mixing of the food with saliva, which contains enzymes that begin to break down carbohydrates. This process helps to enhance the efficiency of digestion and nutrient absorption in the subsequent stages of the digestive process.

First Aid is the immediate and temporary treatment or care given to a sick, injured, or wounded person until full medical services become available. It can include simple procedures like cleaning and dressing wounds, administering CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation), preventing shock, or placing a splint on a broken bone. The goal of first aid is to preserve life, prevent further harm, and promote recovery.

A wound infection is defined as the invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in a part of the body tissue, which has been damaged by a cut, blow, or other trauma, leading to inflammation, purulent discharge, and sometimes systemic toxicity. The symptoms may include redness, swelling, pain, warmth, and fever. Treatment typically involves the use of antibiotics and proper wound care. It's important to note that not all wounds will become infected, but those that are contaminated with bacteria, dirt, or other foreign substances, or those in which the skin's natural barrier has been significantly compromised, are at a higher risk for infection.

Membrane proteins are a type of protein that are embedded in the lipid bilayer of biological membranes, such as the plasma membrane of cells or the inner membrane of mitochondria. These proteins play crucial roles in various cellular processes, including:

1. Cell-cell recognition and signaling
2. Transport of molecules across the membrane (selective permeability)
3. Enzymatic reactions at the membrane surface
4. Energy transduction and conversion
5. Mechanosensation and signal transduction

Membrane proteins can be classified into two main categories: integral membrane proteins, which are permanently associated with the lipid bilayer, and peripheral membrane proteins, which are temporarily or loosely attached to the membrane surface. Integral membrane proteins can further be divided into three subcategories based on their topology:

1. Transmembrane proteins, which span the entire width of the lipid bilayer with one or more alpha-helices or beta-barrels.
2. Lipid-anchored proteins, which are covalently attached to lipids in the membrane via a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor or other lipid modifications.
3. Monotopic proteins, which are partially embedded in the membrane and have one or more domains exposed to either side of the bilayer.

Membrane proteins are essential for maintaining cellular homeostasis and are targets for various therapeutic interventions, including drug development and gene therapy. However, their structural complexity and hydrophobicity make them challenging to study using traditional biochemical methods, requiring specialized techniques such as X-ray crystallography, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and single-particle cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM).

Hydrotherapy is a type of physical therapy that involves the use of water for pain relief and treatment. The temperature and pressure of the water can be adjusted to help reduce inflammation, improve circulation, and promote relaxation. Common hydrotherapy techniques include whirlpool baths, hot and cold compresses, and underwater massage. Hydrotherapy is often used to treat a variety of conditions, including arthritis, fibromyalgia, and musculoskeletal injuries. It can also be helpful for rehabilitation after surgery or stroke.

Here are some specific ways that hydrotherapy may be beneficial:

* The buoyancy of water can help support weak muscles and reduce the impact on joints, making it easier to exercise and move around.
* The warmth of the water can help relax muscles and improve circulation, which can help reduce pain and stiffness.
* The hydrostatic pressure of water can help reduce swelling in the limbs by encouraging fluid to flow back into the veins.
* The resistance provided by water can help strengthen muscles and improve balance and coordination.

It's important to note that while hydrotherapy can be a helpful treatment option for many people, it may not be appropriate for everyone. If you have any health concerns or medical conditions, it's important to talk to your doctor before starting a new treatment regimen. They can help determine whether hydrotherapy is safe and suitable for you.

A dental fistula is an abnormal connection or tunnel that develops between the oral cavity and the skin or other soft tissues, usually as a result of an infection in the teeth or surrounding structures. The infection can lead to the formation of a pus-filled sac (abscess) that eventually breaks through the bone or soft tissue, creating a small opening or channel that allows the pus to drain out.

The dental fistula is often accompanied by symptoms such as pain, swelling, redness, and difficulty swallowing or chewing. The infection can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated, so it's important to seek medical attention promptly if you suspect that you have a dental fistula.

The treatment for a dental fistula typically involves addressing the underlying infection, which may involve antibiotics, drainage of the abscess, and/or removal of the affected tooth or teeth. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the damage to the bone or soft tissue and prevent further complications.

I believe you may have accidentally omitted the word "in" from your search. Based on that, I'm assuming you are looking for a medical definition related to the term "ants." However, ants are not typically associated with medical terminology. If you meant to ask about a specific condition or concept, please provide more context so I can give a more accurate response.

If you are indeed asking about ants in the insect sense, they belong to the family Formicidae and order Hymenoptera. Some species of ants may pose public health concerns due to their ability to contaminate food sources or cause structural damage. However, ants do not have a direct medical definition associated with human health.

Hypersensitivity is an exaggerated or inappropriate immune response to a substance that is generally harmless to most people. It's also known as an allergic reaction. This abnormal response can be caused by various types of immunological mechanisms, including antibody-mediated reactions (types I, II, and III) and cell-mediated reactions (type IV). The severity of the hypersensitivity reaction can range from mild discomfort to life-threatening conditions. Common examples of hypersensitivity reactions include allergic rhinitis, asthma, atopic dermatitis, food allergies, and anaphylaxis.

Diphenhydramine is an antihistamine medication used to relieve symptoms of allergies, such as sneezing, runny nose, and itchy or watery eyes. It works by blocking the action of histamine, a substance in the body that causes allergic reactions. Diphenhydramine can also be used to treat motion sickness, insomnia, and symptoms of the common cold.

In addition to its antihistamine effects, diphenhydramine also has anticholinergic properties, which means it can help to reduce secretions in the nose and throat, and may have a drying effect on the mouth and eyes. It is available over-the-counter in various forms, including tablets, capsules, liquid, and topical creams or ointments.

It's important to note that diphenhydramine can cause drowsiness, so it should be used with caution when operating heavy machinery or driving a vehicle. It may also interact with other medications, so it's important to speak with a healthcare provider before taking this medication.

Insect repellents are substances that are applied to the skin, clothing, or other surfaces to deter insects from landing or crawling on that surface. They work by masking the scents that attract insects or by repelling them with unpleasant odors. Insect repellents can be chemical-based, such as those containing DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide), picaridin, or IR3535, or they can be natural, such as those containing oil of lemon eucalyptus or citronella. These substances work by interfering with the insect's ability to detect human scent, making it less likely that they will come into contact with the person using the repellent. Insect repellents are an important tool in preventing insect-borne diseases such as Lyme disease, West Nile virus, and Zika virus.

"Catfishes" is a term that refers to a group of ray-finned fish belonging to the order Siluriformes. However, in a medical or clinical context, "catfishing" has taken on a different meaning. It is a term used to describe the phenomenon of creating a false online identity to deceive someone, particularly in social media or dating websites. The person who creates the fake identity is called a "catfish." This behavior can have serious emotional and psychological consequences for those who are being deceived.

Xanthones are a type of chemical compound that are found in various plants and fruits. They have a variety of potential health benefits, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer properties. Some research suggests that xanthones may help to protect against chronic diseases such as heart disease and cancer, but more studies are needed to confirm these effects. Xanthones can be found in small amounts in a variety of foods, including mangosteen fruit, blackberries, and turmeric. They are also available in supplement form.

An overbite, also known as "malocclusion of class II division 1" in dental terminology, is an orthodontic condition where the upper front teeth excessively overlap the lower front teeth when biting down. This means that the upper incisors are positioned too far forward or the lower incisors are too far back. A slight overbite is considered normal and healthy, as it allows the front teeth to perform their functions properly, such as biting and tearing food. However, a significant overbite can lead to various problems like difficulty in chewing, speaking, and maintaining good oral hygiene. It may also cause wear and tear on the teeth, jaw pain, or even contribute to temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD). Orthodontic treatment, such as braces or aligners, is often recommended to correct a severe overbite and restore proper bite alignment.

Rhabdomyolysis is a medical condition characterized by the breakdown and degeneration of skeletal muscle fibers, leading to the release of their intracellular contents into the bloodstream. This can result in various complications, including electrolyte imbalances, kidney injury or failure, and potentially life-threatening conditions if not promptly diagnosed and treated.

The process of rhabdomyolysis typically involves three key components:

1. Muscle injury: Direct trauma, excessive exertion, prolonged immobilization, infections, metabolic disorders, toxins, or medications can cause muscle damage, leading to the release of intracellular components into the bloodstream.
2. Release of muscle contents: When muscle fibers break down, they release various substances, such as myoglobin, creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aldolase, and potassium ions. Myoglobin is a protein that can cause kidney damage when present in high concentrations in the bloodstream, particularly when it is filtered through the kidneys and deposits in the renal tubules.
3. Systemic effects: The release of muscle contents into the bloodstream can lead to various systemic complications, such as electrolyte imbalances (particularly hyperkalemia), acidosis, hypocalcemia, and kidney injury or failure due to myoglobin-induced tubular damage.

Symptoms of rhabdomyolysis can vary widely depending on the severity and extent of muscle damage but may include muscle pain, weakness, swelling, stiffness, dark urine, and tea-colored or cola-colored urine due to myoglobinuria. In severe cases, patients may experience symptoms related to kidney failure, such as nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and decreased urine output.

Diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis typically involves measuring blood levels of muscle enzymes (such as CK and LDH) and evaluating renal function through blood tests and urinalysis. Treatment generally focuses on addressing the underlying cause of muscle damage, maintaining fluid balance, correcting electrolyte imbalances, and preventing or managing kidney injury.

Anti-allergic agents, also known as antihistamines, are a class of medications used to treat allergies. They work by blocking the action of histamine, a substance in the body that is released during an allergic reaction and causes symptoms such as itching, sneezing, runny nose, and watery eyes.

There are two main types of antihistamines: first-generation and second-generation. First-generation antihistamines, such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton), can cause drowsiness and other side effects, such as dry mouth and blurred vision. They are typically used for the treatment of short-term symptoms, such as those caused by seasonal allergies or a mild reaction to an insect bite.

Second-generation antihistamines, such as loratadine (Claritin) and cetirizine (Zyrtec), are less likely to cause drowsiness and other side effects. They are often used for the long-term treatment of chronic allergies, such as those caused by dust mites or pet dander.

In addition to their use in treating allergies, antihistamines may also be used to treat symptoms of motion sickness, insomnia, and anxiety. It is important to follow the instructions on the label when taking antihistamines and to talk to a healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns about using these medications.

A medical definition of "ticks" would be:

Ticks are small, blood-sucking parasites that belong to the arachnid family, which also includes spiders. They have eight legs and can vary in size from as small as a pinhead to about the size of a marble when fully engorged with blood. Ticks attach themselves to the skin of their hosts (which can include humans, dogs, cats, and wild animals) by inserting their mouthparts into the host's flesh.

Ticks can transmit a variety of diseases, including Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, and babesiosis. It is important to remove ticks promptly and properly to reduce the risk of infection. To remove a tick, use fine-tipped tweezers to grasp the tick as close to the skin's surface as possible and pull upward with steady, even pressure. Do not twist or jerk the tick, as this can cause the mouthparts to break off and remain in the skin. After removing the tick, clean the area with soap and water and disinfect the tweezers.

Preventing tick bites is an important part of protecting against tick-borne diseases. This can be done by wearing protective clothing (such as long sleeves and pants), using insect repellent containing DEET or permethrin, avoiding wooded and brushy areas with high grass, and checking for ticks after being outdoors.

A pyogenic granuloma is not precisely a "granuloma" in the strict medical definition, which refers to a specific type of tissue reaction characterized by chronic inflammation and the formation of granulation tissue. Instead, a pyogenic granuloma is a benign vascular tumor that occurs most frequently on the skin or mucous membranes.

Pyogenic granulomas are typically characterized by their rapid growth, bright red to dark red color, and friable texture. They can bleed easily, especially when traumatized. Histologically, they consist of a mass of small blood vessels, surrounded by loose connective tissue and inflammatory cells.

The term "pyogenic" is somewhat misleading because these lesions are not actually associated with pus or infection, although they can become secondarily infected. The name may have originated from the initial mistaken belief that these lesions were caused by a bacterial infection.

Pyogenic granulomas can occur at any age but are most common in children and young adults. They can be caused by minor trauma, hormonal changes, or underlying medical conditions such as pregnancy or vasculitis. Treatment typically involves surgical excision, although other options such as laser surgery or cauterization may also be used.

Masticatory muscles are a group of skeletal muscles responsible for the mastication (chewing) process in humans and other animals. They include:

1. Masseter muscle: This is the primary muscle for chewing and is located on the sides of the face, running from the lower jawbone (mandible) to the cheekbone (zygomatic arch). It helps close the mouth and elevate the mandible during chewing.

2. Temporalis muscle: This muscle is situated in the temporal region of the skull, covering the temple area. It assists in closing the jaw, retracting the mandible, and moving it sideways during chewing.

3. Medial pterygoid muscle: Located deep within the cheek, near the angle of the lower jaw, this muscle helps move the mandible forward and grind food during chewing. It also contributes to closing the mouth.

4. Lateral pterygoid muscle: Found inside the ramus (the vertical part) of the mandible, this muscle has two heads - superior and inferior. The superior head helps open the mouth by pulling the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) downwards, while the inferior head assists in moving the mandible sideways during chewing.

These muscles work together to enable efficient chewing and food breakdown, preparing it for swallowing and digestion.

Conductometry is a method used to measure the electrical conductivity of a solution, which can change in the presence of certain ions or chemical reactions. In conductometry, a conductivity probe or electrode is placed in the solution and an electrical current is passed through it. The resistance of the solution is then measured and converted into a measurement of conductivity.

Conductometry is often used to monitor chemical reactions that produce or consume ions, such as acid-base titrations, oxidation-reduction reactions, and complexation reactions. By measuring changes in conductivity over time, researchers can gain insights into the rate and extent of these reactions.

In medical research, conductometry may be used to study the electrical properties of biological tissues, such as skin or blood, or to monitor chemical processes in the body, such as the metabolism of drugs or other substances. However, it is not a commonly used diagnostic tool in clinical medicine.

Beekeeping is not a medical term, but rather it refers to the practice of maintaining bee colonies in hives to collect honey and other products such as beeswax, pollen, and royal jelly. Beekeepers also rent out their hives to farmers for crop pollination. While beekeeping itself is not a medical field, honeybees do play an important role in medicine and health due to the therapeutic properties of some of their products. For example, honey has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects and can be used as a topical treatment for wounds and burns. Additionally, bee venom therapy is an alternative medicine practice that involves the use of controlled bee stings to treat various health conditions such as arthritis and multiple sclerosis.

Lip diseases refer to various medical conditions that affect the lips, which can be caused by different factors such as infections, inflammation, allergies, or autoimmune disorders. Some examples of lip diseases include:

1. Cheilitis: It is an inflammation of the lips, which can cause dryness, cracking, and soreness. It can be caused by various factors, including irritants, allergies, or infections.
2. Angular cheilitis: It is a condition that causes inflammation and redness at the corners of the mouth. It can be caused by fungal or bacterial infections, ill-fitting dentures, or vitamin deficiencies.
3. Herpes simplex labialis: Also known as cold sores, it is a viral infection that causes painful blisters on the lips and around the mouth. The virus can be spread through close contact with an infected person.
4. Actinic cheilitis: It is a precancerous condition caused by excessive exposure to the sun, which leads to dry, scaly, or thickened patches on the lips.
5. Fordyce spots: These are small, painless, white or yellowish bumps that appear on the lips and inside the mouth. They are harmless and do not require treatment.
6. Lip cancer: It is a type of skin cancer that affects the lips, usually caused by excessive exposure to the sun. The symptoms include a sore or lump on the lip that does not heal, bleeding, pain, or numbness.

If you experience any symptoms related to lip diseases, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "pest control" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Pest control refers to the regulation or management of species considered to be pests, which can include insects, rodents, and other organisms that can cause damage to crops, transmit diseases, or otherwise negatively impact human activities.

In a medical context, you might be looking for information on "pesticide exposure" or "insect-borne diseases." Pesticide exposure refers to the contact with pesticides, which are substances used to control pests. These exposures can occur through inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact and may lead to a variety of health effects depending on the type and amount of pesticide involved. Insect-borne diseases are illnesses transmitted to humans through the bite of infected insects, such as mosquitoes, ticks, or fleas. Examples include malaria, Lyme disease, and Zika virus infection.

I could not find a specific medical definition for "fingersucking" as it is more of a behavior rather than a medical condition. However, fingersucking can sometimes be associated with certain medical or developmental issues in children. For example, persistent fingering sucking beyond the age of 5 years may indicate a developmental issue such as a sensory processing disorder or a behavioral problem like attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Prolonged fingersucking can also lead to dental problems such as malocclusion and dental caries.

Tongue habits refer to the specific and repetitive ways in which an individual's tongue moves or rests inside their mouth. These habits can include things like tongue thrusting, where the tongue presses against the front teeth during speech or swallowing; tongue sucking, where the tongue is placed against the roof of the mouth; or improper tongue positioning during rest, where the tongue may be positioned too far forward in the mouth or rest against the bottom teeth.

Tongue habits can have an impact on dental and oral health, as well as speech development and clarity. For example, persistent tongue thrusting can lead to an open bite, where the front teeth do not come together when the mouth is closed. Improper tongue positioning during rest can also contribute to the development of a deep overbite or an anterior open bite.

In some cases, tongue habits may be related to underlying conditions such as muscle weakness or sensory integration disorders. Speech-language pathologists and orthodontists may work together to assess and address tongue habits in order to improve oral function and overall health.

Russell's Viper is not a medical condition or term. It is a type of venomous snake, scientifically known as Daboia russelii, found in parts of Asia. The bite of this viper can cause severe symptoms such as pain, swelling, bleeding, tissue damage, and potentially life-threatening systemic effects like kidney failure, blood clotting problems, and cardiac arrest. Medical personnel should be notified immediately in case of a snakebite, and appropriate antivenom therapy should be initiated as soon as possible to reduce the risk of complications or mortality.

Hydrozoa is a class of predominantly marine, simple aquatic animals in the phylum Cnidaria. They are characterized by having a polyp form, which is typically colonial and sessile, and a medusa form, which is usually free-swimming and solitary. The polyp stage is often modular, with individual polyps being connected by stolons to form colonies. Hydrozoans have specialized cells called cnidocytes that contain stinging organelles called nematocysts, which they use for capturing prey and defense. Some well-known examples of hydrozoans include the Portuguese man o' war (Physalia physalis) and fire corals (Millepora spp.).

Elapidae is a family of venomous snakes, also known as elapids. This family includes many well-known species such as cobras, mambas, death adders, and sea snakes. Elapids are characterized by their fixed fangs, which are located at the front of the upper jaw and deliver venom through a hollow canal. The venom of these snakes is typically neurotoxic, causing paralysis and respiratory failure in prey or attackers.

Elapids are found throughout the world, with the greatest diversity occurring in tropical regions. They vary widely in size, from small species like the death adders that measure only a few inches long, to large species like the king cobra, which can reach lengths of up to 18 feet (5.5 meters).

Elapids are generally shy and avoid confrontations with humans whenever possible. However, they will defend themselves aggressively if threatened or cornered. Bites from elapid snakes can be medically significant and may require antivenom treatment.

Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is a type of antibody that plays a key role in the immune response to parasitic infections and allergies. It is produced by B cells in response to stimulation by antigens, such as pollen, pet dander, or certain foods. Once produced, IgE binds to receptors on the surface of mast cells and basophils, which are immune cells found in tissues and blood respectively. When an individual with IgE antibodies encounters the allergen again, the cross-linking of IgE molecules bound to the FcεRI receptor triggers the release of mediators such as histamine, leukotrienes, prostaglandins, and various cytokines from these cells. These mediators cause the symptoms of an allergic reaction, such as itching, swelling, and redness. IgE also plays a role in protecting against certain parasitic infections by activating eosinophils, which can kill the parasites.

In summary, Immunoglobulin E (IgE) is a type of antibody that plays a crucial role in the immune response to allergens and parasitic infections, it binds to receptors on the surface of mast cells and basophils, when an individual with IgE antibodies encounters the allergen again, it triggers the release of mediators from these cells causing the symptoms of an allergic reaction.

Innate immunity, also known as non-specific immunity or natural immunity, is the inherent defense mechanism that provides immediate protection against potentially harmful pathogens (like bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites) without the need for prior exposure. This type of immunity is present from birth and does not adapt to specific threats over time.

Innate immune responses involve various mechanisms such as:

1. Physical barriers: Skin and mucous membranes prevent pathogens from entering the body.
2. Chemical barriers: Enzymes, stomach acid, and lysozyme in tears, saliva, and sweat help to destroy or inhibit the growth of microorganisms.
3. Cellular responses: Phagocytic cells (neutrophils, monocytes, macrophages) recognize and engulf foreign particles and pathogens, while natural killer (NK) cells target and eliminate virus-infected or cancerous cells.
4. Inflammatory response: When an infection occurs, the innate immune system triggers inflammation to increase blood flow, recruit immune cells, and remove damaged tissue.
5. Complement system: A group of proteins that work together to recognize and destroy pathogens directly or enhance phagocytosis by coating them with complement components (opsonization).

Innate immunity plays a crucial role in initiating the adaptive immune response, which is specific to particular pathogens and provides long-term protection through memory cells. Both innate and adaptive immunity work together to maintain overall immune homeostasis and protect the body from infections and diseases.

Binomial distribution is a type of discrete probability distribution that describes the number of successes in a fixed number of independent Bernoulli trials with the same probability of success. It is called a "binomial" distribution because it involves the sum of two outcomes: success and failure. The binomial distribution is defined by two parameters: n, the number of trials, and p, the probability of success on any given trial. The possible values of the random variable range from 0 to n.

The formula for calculating the probability mass function (PMF) of a binomial distribution is:

P(X=k) = C(n, k) \* p^k \* (1-p)^(n-k),

where X is the number of successes, n is the number of trials, k is the specific number of successes, p is the probability of success on any given trial, and C(n, k) is the number of combinations of n items taken k at a time.

Binomial distribution has many applications in medical research, such as testing the effectiveness of a treatment or diagnostic test, where the trials could represent individual patients or samples, and success could be defined as a positive response to treatment or a correct diagnosis.

HEK293 cells, also known as human embryonic kidney 293 cells, are a line of cells used in scientific research. They were originally derived from human embryonic kidney cells and have been adapted to grow in a lab setting. HEK293 cells are widely used in molecular biology and biochemistry because they can be easily transfected (a process by which DNA is introduced into cells) and highly express foreign genes. As a result, they are often used to produce proteins for structural and functional studies. It's important to note that while HEK293 cells are derived from human tissue, they have been grown in the lab for many generations and do not retain the characteristics of the original embryonic kidney cells.

... sting) Fire ants (both bite and sting) Bullet ants (sting) Bees Honeybees (sting) Stingless bees (bite) Bumblebees (sting) ... In ants that bite instead of sting, such as the Formicinae, the bite causes the wound, but during the bite the abdomen bends ... Skin biopsies are not indicated for bites or stings, since the histomorphologic appearance is non-specific. Bites and stings as ... can bite or sting human beings. These bites and stings generally occur as a defense mechanism or during normal arthropod ...
... Worse Than ALL Stings?!, retrieved 2021-12-30 "This Maniac Let a Giant Centipede Give Him One of the World's ... "Do Centipedes Bite? , Get Rid of Centipedes , Orkin". "Centipede bites: Effects and treatment". Retrieved 2022-10-04. " ... and declares that the pain caused by the bite is worse than a bullet ant sting. Muay Thai fighter Dokmaipa Por Pongsawang died ... stings, and bites of the skin, Arthropod attacks). ... A centipede bite is an injury resulting from the action of a ...
"Bites and stings". Austin Health. Victorian Poisons Information Centre. Archived from the original on 5 December 2014. ... the sting lacks barbs, and so the stinger is not left in the area the ant has stung, allowing the ants to sting repeatedly ... these ants are capable of stinging through fabric, however. A risk of being stung while gardening also exists; most stings ... In the Starr sting pain scale, a scale which compares the overall pain of hymenopteran stings on a four-point scale, Myrmecia ...
"Insect bites and stings". Healthdirect Australia. Department of Health. Retrieved 24 August 2014. Severe Allergic Reaction ( ... Bradley, Clare (2008). "Venomous bites and stings in Australia to 2005". Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Government ... Mayse, Mark A. (1981). "Bites and stings". Science. 214 (4520): 494. Bibcode:1981Sci...214..494M. doi:10.1126/science.214.4520. ... "Allergic reactions to insect bites and stings" (PDF). MedicineToday. 2004. p. 20. Retrieved 29 November 2014. Frehland, E; ...
"Insect Bites and Stings". patient.info. Retrieved 15 February 2015. Beverly Sparks, "Stinging and Biting Pests of People" ... A bee sting is the wound and pain caused by the stinger of a female bee puncturing skin. Bee stings differ from insect bites, ... Hornet stings Schmidt sting pain index Topical tobacco paste C Hall (2 July 2019). "Bee vs Wasp Sting Venom: Truth and Chemical ... "Bites, Stings and Venomous Things". National Agricultural Safety Database. May 2009. Retrieved 1 September 2015. " ...
... insect bites and stings; stress; and rhabdomyolysis. Residents in communities surrounding wildfires are exposed to lower ... animal bites, and even rhabdomyolysis. Between 2000 and 2016, more than 350 wildland firefighters died on-duty. Especially in ... snake and animal bites, vehicle crashes, electrocution from power lines or lightning storms, and unstable building structures. ...
Patrick Walker J, Morrison R, Stewart R, Gore D (January 2013). "Venomous bites and stings". Current Problems in Surgery. 50 (1 ... and are capable of dry biting. A dry bite is a bite from a venomous snake that results in very little or no venom expulsion, ... A bite by a North American copperhead on the ankle is usually a moderate injury to a healthy adult, but a bite to a child's ... Most bites are on the hands, arms, or legs. Fear following a bite is common with symptoms of a racing heart and feeling faint. ...
... bites (insect, animal or human); insect stings; and assaults. In September 2016, Welsh Government placed the health board (then ...
Warrell DA (March 2019). "Venomous Bites, Stings, and Poisoning". Infectious Disease Clinics of North America. 33 (1): 17-38. ... The stinging nettle plant has many trichomes, or stinging hairs, over its leaves and stems which are used to inject a mix of ... This sting produces a form of dermatitis which is characterized by a stinging, burning, and itching sensation in the area. ... Sting rays use their spinal blade to inject a protein-based venom which causes localized cell death but is not generally life- ...
"Symptoms of insect bites and stings". NHS Choices. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2015. "Treating insect bites and stings ... Unlike many biting insects such as mosquitoes, whose biting mechanism and saliva allow a bite not noticed by the host at the ... and bite ankles, legs, or backs of knees; Chrysops flies somewhat higher, bites the back of the neck, and has a high buzzing ... Bites can be painful for a day or more; fly saliva may provoke allergic reactions such as hives and difficulty with breathing. ...
"Bites and Stings - First Aid". The Better Health Channel. State Government of Victoria. September 2011. Archived from the ... The male bite usually only produces short-lived, mild pain. Most bites occur in the warmer months between December and April, ... ISBN 0-19-550643-X. White, Julian (2013). A Clinician's Guide to Australian Venomous Bites and Stings: Incorporating the ... The redback's small size means that swelling or puncture marks at the bite site are uncommon. The bite may be painful from the ...
"Eptifibatid/Intregrilin". Pharmazeutische Zeitung (in German). "From Bites and Stings to Medicines". The Royal Society of ...
Insect and animal bites and stings. Joint dislocation. Poisoning, which can occur by injection, inhalation, absorption, or ... The reaction can be caused by a systemic allergic reaction to allergens such as insect bites or peanuts. Anaphylaxis is ...
Parasitic infestations, stings, and bites". Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (13th ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier ... v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Parasitic infestations, stings, and bites ...
"Insect bites and stings: First aid". Mayo Clinic. 15 January 2008. "Sodium Bicarbonate". American Cancer Society. 28 November ... to relieve some kinds of insect bites and stings (as well as accompanying swelling). Some alternative practitioners, such as ...
James WD, Berger T, Elston D (2015). "Parasitic infestations, stings and bites: Gamasoidosis". Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: ... Due to the nocturnal feeding habits of D. gallinae, infested people may experience itching and notice bites when they wake up ... Infestation by D. gallinae is rare in cats and dogs; usually the extremities and the back are bitten, causing itching. Immature ...
de Nysschen, Linda (10 August 2002). "The bee stings, the DA bites". News24. Retrieved 11 May 2023. "Morkel loses bid for ...
"Treatment of Insect bites and stings". nhs.uk. 2017-10-19. Archived from the original on 2018-10-31. Retrieved 2018-10-31. ... Müller C, Großjohann B, Fischer L (2011-12-15). "The use of concentrated heat after insect bites/stings as an alternative to ... No EPA or university study has shown that these devices prevent a human from being bitten by a mosquito. Mosquito bites lead to ... also termed hypersensitivity to mosquito bites (HMB), are excessive reactions to mosquito bites that are not caused by any ...
Adams, S. (2007). "Bites and Stings: Marine Stings" (PDF). Journal of the Accident and Medical Practitioners Association. 4 (1 ... However, if startled or harassed, this species is capable of inflicting a serious, even fatal wound with its sting. The sting ... spear-like thorns or flattened tubercles in front of the sting, as well as much smaller, conical thorns behind the sting ... It is armed with large tubercles and a midline row of large thorns in front of the stinging spine which has the dorsal and ...
Quan, D (October 2012). "North American poisonous bites and stings". Critical Care Clinics. 28 (4): 633-659. doi:10.1016/j.ccc. ... Bites from certain venomous snakes such as the pit viper Unknown: Kikuchi disease, progressive transformation of germinal ...
White, J. (2001). "First Aid for Marine Bites and Stings". CSL Antivenom Handbook. www.toxinology.com. Retrieved 30 June 2014. ...
Daniel Strickman, Stephen P. Frances & Mustapha Debboun (2009). Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease. Oxford University ... and the overall health makeup of the victim in question play a role in determining the lethality of a sting. Scorpion stings ... However, their stings are not often lethal, which may be due to low venom mass injected. Young children and seniors are at a ... When scorpion stings become more frequent, it puts more strain on hospitals and healthcare facilities. The genus Tityus is most ...
Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 117. ISBN 978-0-19-536577-1. "IUPAC: ...
"Insect bites and stings: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia". "Volatile fragrance chemicals may attract unwanted attention from ... Hornet stings are more painful to humans than typical wasp stings because hornet venom contains a large amount (5%) of ... Individual hornets can sting repeatedly. Unlike honey bees, hornets do not die after stinging because their stingers are very ... Single hornet stings are not in themselves fatal, except sometimes to allergic victims. Multiple stings by hornets (other than ...
MedlinePlus Encyclopedia: Scorpions Schwartz, Robert A.; Steen, Christopher J. "Arthropod Bites and Stings". In Goldsmith, ... While a sting from C. vittatus is very rarely deadly, it is painful and causes localized swelling. Neurotoxins in the venom can ... Thousands of people are stung yearly by C. vittatus while barefoot or accidentally making contact with the scorpion in houses ... vittatus sting is not typically deadly, and signs such as swelling can be treated using an ice pack, several other species from ...
Daniel Strickman, Stephen P. Frances & Mustapha Debboun (2009). Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease. Oxford University ... Most stings occur in urban areas, inside or near homes, with greater frequency in the south and southeast during the warm and ... contributing to an increase in reported scorpion stings in Brazil from 12,000 in 2000 to 140,000 by 2018. An abundance of prey ... "Clinical and epidemiological aspects of scorpion stings in the northeast region of Brazil". Ciência & Saúde Coletiva. 19 (4): ...
Vetter RS, Visscher PK (5 February 2001). "Bites and stings of medically important venomous arthropods". Department of ... Isbister, G.K.; Gray, M.R. (August 2003). "White-tail spider bite: a prospective study of 130 definite bites by Lampona species ... In Canada, there is no evidence that hobo spider bites cause skin necrosis. Some bites reportedly from the closely related ... The CDC reported case studies in the 1990s claiming that the hobo spider bite caused isolated cases of necrosis in people, but ...
Nagami, Pamela (2005). Bitten: True Medical Stories of Bites and Stings. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-1-4668-2764-6. Twaddle, ...
Cicadas cannot sting and do not normally bite. Like other Auchenorrhyncha (true) bugs, they have mouthparts used to pierce ... 1) Dan (June 28, 2008). "Do cicadas bite or sting?". Cicada Mania. Archived from the original on May 7, 2021. Retrieved May 11 ... Cicadas are neither venomous nor poisonous and there is no evidence that they or their bites can transmit diseases. Cicadas ...
... s feed on sap; they do not bite or sting in a true sense, but may occasionally mistake a person's arm for a plant limb ... "Do cicadas bite or sting?". Cicada Mania. 28 June 2008. Archived from the original on 11 June 2018. Retrieved 15 July 2017.. " ... In Australia, cicadas are preyed on by the Australian cicada killer wasp (Exeirus lateritius), which stings and stuns cicadas ...
Bites and stings from spiders and scorpions can be painful and can result in illness and death, particularly among infants and ... Zoonotic Exposures: Bites, Stings, Scratches & Other Hazards. CDC Yellow Book 2024. Environmental Hazards & Risks ... Bites & Scratches. Bites from certain mammals encountered during foreign travel (bats, cats, dogs, monkeys, and rodents) ... intense pain at the sting or bite site). Medical management will vary according to the severity of symptoms; therapy could ...
... sting) Fire ants (both bite and sting) Bullet ants (sting) Bees Honeybees (sting) Stingless bees (bite) Bumblebees (sting) ... In ants that bite instead of sting, such as the Formicinae, the bite causes the wound, but during the bite the abdomen bends ... Skin biopsies are not indicated for bites or stings, since the histomorphologic appearance is non-specific. Bites and stings as ... can bite or sting human beings. These bites and stings generally occur as a defense mechanism or during normal arthropod ...
... insect bites and stings are harmless. Find out how to keep pests from ruining your fun. ... Wash the sting or bite with soap and water and keep it clean. Apply some calamine lotion or a paste of water and baking soda ( ... Preventing Bites and Stings. Human beings dont have to sit around and wait to be a sample on the insect buffet. Here are some ... If bites or stings get infected or if an open sore or blister refuses to heal, make an appointment with your family doctor. ...
Sting Relief  ,  Forestry Suppliers, Inc. ... Fisheries / Insect Protection / Insect Bite & Sting Relief. ...
Warmer weather means more insect stings and bites. Heres a few alternatives to help you deal with the pain. Solutions for ... featured natural solutions for bee stings solutions for bee stings solutions for stings and bites ... Insect stings and bites can be painful. So can stings from many poisonous plants. Now that its summer, its important to have ... Vinegar is an excellent and safe acid to use as an off-the-grid solutions for stings and bites. If the sting happens when ...
Buy Anthisan Cream Relief from Insect Bites and Stings 20g at Superdrug.com plus much more from Anthisan. Free standard ... Mosquito and Insect Bite Treatment. Anthisan Cream Relief from Insect Bites and Stings 20g. ... Relief from Pain, itching and inflammation caused by Insect bites, Insect stings and Stinging nettle rash.. More Details ... Relief from Pain, itching and inflammation caused by Insect bites, Insect stings and Stinging nettle rash. ...
Treating bug bites and stings at home. You can treat most bug bites at home. Most mosquito bites cause an itchy red bump that ... even if youve had bug bites or stings in the past with no problem. Allergic reactions are more common with stings than bites, ... Preventing bug bites and stings. Most bug bites are more of an annoyance than a danger, but it makes sense to protect yourself ... A yellow jacket, bee or wasp sting can cause immediate pain, itching and swelling. Heres how to treat the bite or sting at ...
... Overview. Stings and bites from bees, wasps, ants, and other insects often cause ... If you have had a reaction to an insect sting or bite, you are at risk for a reaction if you get stung or bitten again. ... You have symptoms of an allergic reaction away from the bite or the sting, such as: *A rash or small area of hives (raised, red ... Health Information and Tools , Patient Care Handouts , Insect Stings and Bites: Care Instructions ...
Honey Stung Chicken Sandwich and Honey Stung Chicken Bites. Available now through Labor Day, the sandwich and bites feature ... Chesters Chicken debuts Honey Stung Chicken Sandwich and Bites nationwide. By Industry News ... Honey Stung Chicken follows the spring rollout of Chesters new Hot N Spicy Poultry Rub, which, when paired with Chesters Hot ... "Were now turning up the heat with our new extra spicy seasoning as well as fan-favorite Honey Stung Chicken, available this ...
Our urgent and emergency care doctors and nurses provide expert care for bites and stings in Southern California. ... Typical bites and stings we see at Dignity Health Southern California include: *Animal bites, including dog bites and wild ... Recognizing Serious Symptoms of Bites & Stings. The most serious signs and symptoms of animal bites and stings stem from ... Spider bites, ant bites, and other bug bites In many cases, you can apply simple first-aid techniques, such as washing the area ...
Some insect and spider bites or stings can cause flu-like symptoms to develop within hours of a bite or sting. Or symptoms may ... Some insect and spider bites or stings can cause flu-like symptoms to develop within hours of a bite or sting. Or symptoms may ... Flu-like symptoms may not be caused by a bite or sting, but they may mean a more serious problem. Examples of a more serious ... Venom from insect stings or spider bites and medicines such as penicillin are common causes of serum sickness. ...
... burning and swelling from bites/stings from bees, fleas, mosquitoes, spiders & ants etc. ... People say "Bite - what bite?". For bad bites with swelling, itching and stinging or other pains, several applications may be ... I have used it for ant bites, fire ant bites, mosquito bites, chiggers and spider bites. It always helps. I mostly need just ... Mirandas bug bite itch relief, a soothing non-toxic gel for insect bites & stings works like a charm! There simply isnt ...
Plantain contains beneficial properties that can be easily accessed through a simple
Insect Bite + Sting Suction Tool (1 ct) at Harris Teeter. Find quality health products to add to your Shopping List or order ... Bug Bite Thing® Insect Bite + Sting Suction Tool. 4.38(. 8. )View All Reviews ... When certain insects bite or sting you, they leave behind their saliva or venom just under the surface of the skin. This may ... stinging and swelling that occurs with bug bites and stings. ... The Bug Bite Thing® suction tool extracts the irritant and can ...
... based gel contains essential oils and herbal extracts which act to help soothe the itch and the swelling of bites and stings. ... based gel contains essential oils and herbal extracts which act to help soothe the itch and the swelling of bites and stings. ...
While insect bites or stings alone may be harmless, in some cases they may transmit other diseases such as malaria or Lyme. ... Stings. Many bites and stings are minor and although irritating, respond well to simple first aid. Bites from humans and ... bites-and-stings&url=bites-and-stings-patient-education 2015-08-01 2015-08-01 ... Bites And Stings. Dr. Ira Shah. Consultant Pediatrician, B J Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, India. First Created: 01/06/ ...
Usually, the signs and symptoms of a bite or sting disappear in a day or two. If youre concerned - even if your reaction is ... Apply 0.5 or 1 percent hydrocortisone cream, calamine lotion or a baking soda paste to the bite or sting several times daily ... For mild reactions: To take care of an insect bite or sting that causes a mild reaction: ...
An University of Melbourne audit of the stings and bites of Australias venomous animals finds bees and snakes near your home ... Tick bites caused three deaths and ant bites another two. There were no spider bite fatalities. A man died from a red back ... Tick bites caused three deaths and ant bites another two. There were no spider bite fatalities. A man died from a red back ... Venomous stings and bites lie close to home. Watch out for bees and snakes - of all Australias venomous nasties they pose the ...
... bite when frightened or provoked. Others include ... Centipede and Millipede Bites * Bee, Wasp, Hornet, and Ant ...
... more time outside means an increased risk for insect bites and bee stings. Mosquitoes, biting flies, ticks, bees, wasps, ... Think your bite or sting may be more serious? Head into our urgent care.. If youre suffering from a mild to moderate reaction ... While severe allergic reactions are possible, you can usually treat bites and stings on your own. Follow these general steps:. ... after a sting or bite, know we are here 7 days a week and you never need an appointment. Our medical team is prepared to ...
Q4 - QA Infestations Bites and Stings. Published by Mark Stone on July 16, 2020. ...
Bite and sting cream. Relief from pain, itching and inflammation cause by insect bites, insect stings & stinging nettle rash. ... itch and inflammation caused by insect bites, insect stings and rashes caused by stinging nettles. ... Anthisan Bite and Sting Cream is used to provide relief of pain, ... Anthisan Bite & Sting Cream 20g. Vendor Local Pharmacy Online ... Bite and sting cream.. Relief from pain, itching and inflammation cause by insect bites, insect stings & stinging nettle rash. ...
Apis mellifica is a homeopathic medicine that is taken orally to relieve the pain, itching, and swelling of minor bug bites.* ... Ideal for adults and children, its designed for stings from mosquitos, bees, ants, flies, and other common insects. ... Home › Sale › Apis Mellifica 30c Bonus Care Pack - Bug Bite and Sting Relief ... Apis Mellifica 30c Bonus Care Pack - Bug Bite and Sting Relief. * $ 1899 ...
Sting Cream works by blocking the reaction caused by the bite or sting. In Anthisan the active ingredient mepyramine maleate ... Anthisan Bite & Sting Cream works by blocking the reaction caused by the bite or sting.. In Anthisan the active ingredient ... Anthisan Bite & Sting Cream works by blocking the reaction caused by the bite or sting.. In Anthisan the active ingredient ... insect sting or stinging nettle rash. For best results, use as soon as possible after the bite or sting. In adults and children ...
Any insect sting or spider bite can cause problems for your pet. ... A bite or sting can cause swelling, redness, and itching.. Some ... Any insect or spider can cause problems if they bite or sting your pet. ... Some spider bites can lead to extensive skin necrosis (skin death) which may need treatment or surgery. ... To help neutralize some of the acidic venom, apply a paste mixture of baking soda and water to the sting area. ...
... snakes bites by remaining calm, seeking medical assistance, or transferring to nearest emergency room. ... snakes bites by remaining calm, seeking medical assistance, or transferring to nearest emergency room. ... Bee Sting:. *Remove the remainder of the sting (bee sting) with sterile gauze or by scraping using the finger nail on the ... In the event that the injured person has an allergy to a bee sting, there is a danger to his life, so he must seek help ...
We have an extensive range of products for bites and stings available. The products listed on our site represent some of the ... Bee and Wasp Stings The sting of a bee or wasp is a defence mechanism - it is to protect them from us. The sting is poisonous ... Insect Bites Insects that bite do it to get access to your blood as that is what they feed on. Biting insects include mosquitos ... Most people get a painful sensation at the time of a sting, and the area swells and reddens. ...
Dive into the research topics of Beware of allergic reactions to stings and bites. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
... including bee stings, flea bites, mite bites, chigger bites, spider bites, tick bites, and lyme disease ...
  • Bee and wasp stings can cause real problems for people who are allergic, though. (kidshealth.org)
  • It hardly ever happens, but severe allergic reactions to bee and wasp stings can be fatal if the person doesn't get medical help. (kidshealth.org)
  • The largest category (59.5%) was animal bites and stings: 25.4% undiagnosed, 19.7% scorpion stings, 7.6% bee, spider or wasp stings and 6.8% snake bites. (who.int)
  • Many species of arthropods (insects, arachnids, millipedes and centipedes) can bite or sting human beings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most bug bites are more of an annoyance than a danger, but it makes sense to protect yourself, especially in areas where insects are most active or prevalent. (rapidesregional.com)
  • When certain insects bite or sting you, they leave behind their saliva or venom just under the surface of the skin. (harristeeter.com)
  • The number one surprise in this research is there are so many bites from insects," Professor Hoyer said. (edu.au)
  • Insects that bite do it to get access to your blood as that is what they feed on. (bellambipharmacy.com.au)
  • Biting insects include mosquitos, fleas, sand flies or midges and bedbugs. (bellambipharmacy.com.au)
  • Alontan Natural After Bite Stick alleviates itching from mosquitoes and other insects. (fotopharmacy.com)
  • Natural mechanical solution that prevents the itching that is caused by mosquito bites, other insects, nettle touch etc. (fotopharmacy.com)
  • Especially during the warmer seasons, we come across a lot of different types of bugs, insects and sometimes marine animals that may potentially bite or sting us. (sq1med.com)
  • Getting bitten or stung by many insects at the same time can increase your risk of developing serious symptoms. (completefamilydermatology.com)
  • Orange Naturals Bites+Stings homeopathic topical cream will help you find quick relief from those inevitable run-ins with mother nature's tiny but mighty insects. (bhealthy.ca)
  • Exposure to biting or stinging insects or to their remains can range in severity from benign or barely noticeable to life threatening. (medscape.com)
  • Most stinging insects are of the order Hymenoptera, which is made up of multiple families, including 3 that are clinically important: Apidae (bees), Vespidae (wasps), and Formicidae (ants). (medscape.com)
  • This article is limited to bites by insects and not arachnids. (medscape.com)
  • continued struggles of humans versus biting and stinging insects, including those that transmit vector-borne pathogens, from an intimate perspective. (cdc.gov)
  • Relief from Pain, itching and inflammation caused by Insect bites, Insect stings and Stinging nettle rash. (superdrug.com)
  • Relief from pain, itching and inflammation cause by insect bites, insect stings & stinging nettle rash. (localpharmacyonline.com)
  • Anthisan Cream : should be applied directly to the site of the insect bite, insect sting or stinging nettle rash. (echemist.co.uk)
  • Thank you for your interest in Anthisan Bite, Sting and Nettle Rash Cream . (echemist.co.uk)
  • Anthisan cream is an anti-allergy cream which is applied directly on the site of insect bite, staining nettle or insect bite rash. (welzo.com)
  • Bites from mosquitoes, fleas, bed bugs, and mites are more likely to cause itching than pain. (medscape.com)
  • In this article, we'll focus on the bugs that are most asked about in the U.S.-mosquitoes, biting flies, ticks, bees, wasps, spiders and scorpions. (niagaraadventure.ca)
  • That said, because of the appearance of small populations of mosquitoes that carry the West Nile and Zika viruses in the U.S., taking steps to prevent bites has become more important. (niagaraadventure.ca)
  • Your best defense against mosquitoes and biting flies is to get some bug juice and use it. (niagaraadventure.ca)
  • Ticks are similar to mosquitoes in that a bite won't create an urgent care scenario on a trip, but it does present the slim possibility of giving you a disease later. (niagaraadventure.ca)
  • Most arthropod stings involve Hymenoptera (ants, wasps, and bees). (wikipedia.org)
  • Bees, wasps and hornets sting and inject venom into the skin. (gainesvillemfm.com)
  • On the other hand, wasps and hornets can sting multiple times and just fly away. (gainesvillemfm.com)
  • The stings of bees, wasps, hornets, and yellow jackets can cause severe reactions in people who are allergic to their stings. (rxlist.com)
  • Wasps can bite and sting at the same time. (wikidoc.org)
  • Wasps, hornets, and yellow jackets (Vespidae family members) do not have barbed stingers and, as such, can sting multiple times. (medscape.com)
  • Snake bites pose a problem due to the venom that may be injected. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • Very rarely are snake bites poisonous. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • But snake bites also caused 27 deaths. (edu.au)
  • This is compared to five deaths for snake bites. (gainesvillemfm.com)
  • In this article, we look at the symptoms of snake bites, how to identify venomous snakes, and the best treatment and first aid for snake bites. (cosmeticskindoctor.com)
  • Snake bites can be deadly for dogs and require immediate medical attention. (sanocyn.com)
  • Most arthropod bites and stings cause self-limited redness, itchiness and/or pain around the site. (wikipedia.org)
  • Swelling and redness around the site of the bite. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • A bite or sting can cause swelling, redness, and itching. (vin.com)
  • Fly bites can cause symptoms such as itching, redness, and swelling. (cosmeticskindoctor.com)
  • Normal reactions include pain, redness, and swelling around the site of the sting. (rxlist.com)
  • If stung, most people experience local effects like pain, swelling, itching and redness around the site. (indianaconstructors.org)
  • Most scorpion stings also cause self-limited pain or paresthesias. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although robust epidemiological data is unavailable, global estimates of scorpion stings exceed 1.2 million resulting in more than 3000 deaths annually. (wikipedia.org)
  • The average morbidity coefficient during the study period was 12 cases per 100,000 inhabitants for spider bites and 29.28 for scorpion stings. (bvsalud.org)
  • In Brazil, between 2000 and 2012, scorpion stings showed a significant increase in the number of cases - a rise of over five times the previous number of recorded cases 3 . (bvsalud.org)
  • In the Amazon, spider bites and scorpion stings have been studied more in the eastern region and the central region 5,6 , with a relative scarcity of publications regarding the western region. (bvsalud.org)
  • Information on spider bites and scorpion stings is scarce in the western region of the Amazon and almost no published information on this subject exists on the state of Acre. (bvsalud.org)
  • While ants, mossies, sand flies and fleas leave a temporary legacy of maddening itching, wasp and bee stings are usually extremely painful. (familyhealthdiary.co.nz)
  • People who experience unexplained bug bites may wonder if they have fleas or bed bugs in the home. (cosmeticskindoctor.com)
  • Fleas are not just a problem for Fido - these blood-sucking bugs bite people, too. (rxlist.com)
  • Fleas: Fleas are a common problem for dogs, and their bites can cause intense itching and irritation. (sanocyn.com)
  • Spider bites most often cause minor symptoms and resolve without intervention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms of latrodectism (from widow spiders) may include pain at the bite or involve the chest and abdomen, sweating, muscle cramps and vomiting among others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feeding bites have characteristic patterns and symptoms that reflect feeding habits of the offending pest and the chemistry of its saliva. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most often, people who have been bitten by a black widow don't even know it until they feel the symptoms. (kidshealth.org)
  • But some bugs also bite or sting, causing itching, pain and other symptoms. (rapidesregional.com)
  • Symptoms usually start within 30 minutes of the bite or sting. (rapidesregional.com)
  • The most serious signs and symptoms of animal bites and stings stem from infection and allergic reactions. (dignityhealth.org)
  • Some insect and spider bites or stings can cause flu-like symptoms to develop within hours of a bite or sting. (kaiserpermanente.org)
  • Flu-like symptoms may not be caused by a bite or sting, but they may mean a more serious problem. (kaiserpermanente.org)
  • Symptoms begin within 3 weeks of a bite and often include an expanding red rash in addition to flu-like symptoms. (kaiserpermanente.org)
  • Symptoms usually appear within 3 to 15 days of the bite. (kaiserpermanente.org)
  • Apply 0.5 or 1 percent hydrocortisone cream, calamine lotion or a baking soda paste to the bite or sting several times daily until your symptoms go away. (renoskiandrec.com)
  • Usually, the signs and symptoms of a bite or sting disappear in a day or two. (renoskiandrec.com)
  • Black widow spider bite symptoms usually start 20 minutes to one hour following the bite, and can include pain, though not all people experience pain. (rxlist.com)
  • Symptoms of a brown recluse bug bite include severe pain at the site of the bite that develops about four hours after the bite, followed by severe itching, nausea, vomiting, fever, and muscle pain. (rxlist.com)
  • After you've been bitten or stung, keep a close eye on your symptoms. (completefamilydermatology.com)
  • Bug bites and stings are a common problem for dogs in this season, and they can cause a range of symptoms from mild irritation to severe allergic reactions. (sanocyn.com)
  • Of course, many more people are stung by bees than snakes. (gainesvillemfm.com)
  • Eating outside on a warm summer afternoon is ideal, but just be careful of sweet snacks and sugary drinks - the bees will certainly stop by for a bite. (gainesvillemfm.com)
  • Bees have barbed stingers that disengage, causing them to die after a single sting. (medscape.com)
  • Fire Ants Bite and Sting - Red center bite surrounded by colored rings. (completefamilydermatology.com)
  • Since their introduction into the southern United States in the 1920s, imported fire ants anchor themselves with their mandibles and subsequently inflict a sting. (medscape.com)
  • Fire ants often pivot or re-anchor themselves only to sting again and again resulting in a sensation of fire at the site. (medscape.com)
  • When fire ants swarm, they often position themselves on their victim and sting simultaneously in response to an alarm pheromone released by one or several individuals. (medscape.com)
  • Immobilized or elderly patients can become rapidly covered by swarms of these ants, resulting in severe stings and even death (See Fire Ant Bites ). (medscape.com)
  • Less frequently, venomous spider bites are also associated with morbidity and mortality in humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first national study of the bites and stings inflicted by Australia's venomous creatures shows our towns and cities are a hotspot for deadly encounters. (edu.au)
  • Yet until now, there has been a real lack of data about where venomous injuries occur, the reasons why they happen and what happens after a person is bitten. (edu.au)
  • Including fatalities, venomous stings and bites resulted in almost 42,000 hospitalisations over the study period. (edu.au)
  • In all, 64 people were killed by a venomous sting or bite, with over half of these (34) caused by an allergic reaction to an insect bite causing anaphylactic shock. (edu.au)
  • Snake bite envenoming caused nearly twice as many deaths per hospital admission than any other venomous creature. (edu.au)
  • Stings by members of the order Hymenoptera and order Scorpionida are discussed in other articles, as are bites of venomous arachnids in the class Arachnida (spiders) and bites of the order Acarina (mites and ticks). (medscape.com)
  • Bites, stings & venomous things. (cdc.gov)
  • Medically significant spider bites involve substantial envenomation from only certain species such as widow spiders and recluse spiders. (wikipedia.org)
  • But a small percentage of teens become ill after being bitten by brown recluse or black widow spiders. (kidshealth.org)
  • Although not everyone will have a reaction, you should see a doctor and get treatment quickly if you think you've been bitten by one of these spiders. (kidshealth.org)
  • Learn more about wolf spiders, their bites, ways to treat them, and how to avoid them. (cosmeticskindoctor.com)
  • Brown recluse spiders are extremely poisonous, and their bug bites can cause infection and illness. (rxlist.com)
  • 7 , only reported the prevalence of natives and riverine people being bitten by spiders and stung by scorpions. (bvsalud.org)
  • Stings containing venom are more likely to be painful. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the majority of Hymenoptera stings are locally painful, their associated venom rarely cause toxic reactions unless victims receive many stings at once. (wikipedia.org)
  • The low mortality (around 60 deaths per year in the US out of unreported millions of stings nationwide) associated with Hymenoptera is mostly due to anaphylaxis from venom hypersensitivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • A person can get a localized allergic reaction (swelling, heat, or itching of the skin around the sting area) or a systemic allergic reaction, meaning that the venom causes a reaction throughout the body. (kidshealth.org)
  • Venom from insect stings or spider bites and medicines such as penicillin are common causes of serum sickness. (kaiserpermanente.org)
  • To help neutralize some of the acidic venom, apply a paste mixture of baking soda and water to the sting area. (vin.com)
  • CRUSHED YARROW - used fresh in a poultice and placed over any kind of spider bite will help to draw out venom that may be implanted in the flesh. (miraclesofhealth.com)
  • A stinging apparatus is usually a sharp organ of offense or defense, especially when connected with a venom gland, and adapted to inflict a wound by piercing, as the caudal sting of a scorpion. (medscape.com)
  • Rarely (1-3% of Hymenoptera sting reactions), systemic reactions can affect multiple organs and pose a medical emergency, as in the case of anaphylactic shock. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, some people are allergic to bee stings and insect bites and can go into anaphylactic shock , which is a medical emergency. (rapidesregional.com)
  • Summer Solutions For Painful Insect Stings and Bites. (offthegridnews.com)
  • Many insect stings are painful but rarely present any danger to life. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • The sting is poisonous and painful, and can cause severe reactions. (bellambipharmacy.com.au)
  • Most people get a painful sensation at the time of a sting, and the area swells and reddens. (bellambipharmacy.com.au)
  • A bee sting causes a painful, raised welt to form on the skin. (cosmeticskindoctor.com)
  • Painful Bites - Take an over-the-counter painkiller (acetaminophen or ibuprofen). (completefamilydermatology.com)
  • Not only are tick bites painful for your dog, but they can also lead to some serious health conditions such as severe infections and Lyme disease. (sanocyn.com)
  • Most spider bites are minor, although they can cause mild swelling or allergic reactions. (kidshealth.org)
  • Allergic reactions can happen to anyone, even if you've had bug bites or stings in the past with no problem. (rapidesregional.com)
  • Allergic reactions are more common with stings than bites, especially if you're stung more than once. (rapidesregional.com)
  • While severe allergic reactions are possible, you can usually treat bites and stings on your own. (newporturgentcare.com)
  • Less commonly (around 10% of Hymenoptera sting reactions), a large local reaction occurs when the area of swelling is greater than 10 centimetres (4 in). (wikipedia.org)
  • Bites and stings as well as other conditions (e.g. drug reactions, urticarial reactions, and early bullous pemphigoid) can cause microscopic changes such as a wedge-shaped superficial dermal perivascular infiltrate consisting of abundant lymphocytes and scattered eosinophils, as shown in the adjacent figure: Prevention strategies against arthropod bites and stings comprise measures for personal protection, travel advisories, public health and environmental concerns. (wikipedia.org)
  • But in most cases, stings and bites don't cause reactions all over the body. (alberta.ca)
  • Cayenne pepper is a very effective way of eliminating the swelling and toxic reactions in poisonous insect bites, rattlesnake bites and bee stings. (miraclesofhealth.com)
  • Prompt medical treatment can prevent severe reactions and lessen the long-range effects of the bite. (indianaconstructors.org)
  • Miranda's bug bite itch relief, a soothing non-toxic gel for insect bites & stings works like a charm ! (mirandacastro.com)
  • Anthisan Bite and Sting Cream is used to provide relief of pain, itch and inflammation caused by insect bites, insect stings and rashes caused by stinging nettles. (localpharmacyonline.com)
  • Relief of the irritated skin from insect bites and contact with jellyfish, nettles etc! (fotopharmacy.com)
  • Home care: If your dog has been bitten or stung, you can apply a cold compress or ice pack to the affected area to reduce swelling and provide pain relief. (sanocyn.com)
  • Lyme disease , a bacterial disease that can be passed by the bite of a deer tick. (kaiserpermanente.org)
  • Tick bites caused three deaths and ant bites another two. (edu.au)
  • What does a tick bite look like? (rxlist.com)
  • A Lyme disease- causing bacterium is carried in the bug bite of the deer tick (in the northeastern, mid-Atlantic, and north-central U.S.) or the western blacklegged tick on the Pacific Coast. (rxlist.com)
  • You can read more about it in our article about Tick bites in dogs. (sanocyn.com)
  • Researchers believe one of the reasons that anaphylaxis from insect stings has proven deadly may be because people are complacent in seeking medical attention and anaphylaxis can kill quickly. (edu.au)
  • We need to understand why people are dying from bee sting anaphylaxis at home. (edu.au)
  • Our experienced doctors and nurses offer comprehensive emergency care for bites and stings in Southern California at our hospital emergency departments. (dignityhealth.org)
  • Our urgent and emergency care doctors and nurses provide expert care for bites and stings in Southern California. (dignityhealth.org)
  • Get fast, convenient care for bites and stings today. (newporturgentcare.com)
  • Generally they aren't anything to worry about: They bite, you itch, end of story. (kidshealth.org)
  • Why do mosquito bites itch and swell up? (cosmeticskindoctor.com)
  • In this article we look at why mosquito bites itch, evidence-backed ways to reduce itching and swelling, and discuss when to see a doctor. (cosmeticskindoctor.com)
  • Scratching a flea bite itch can cause the skin on and around the bitten area to break open, which can lead to infection. (rxlist.com)
  • Anthisan Bite & Sting Cream works by blocking the reaction caused by the bite or sting. (echemist.co.uk)
  • Saliva from these animals can be contaminated so heavily with pathogens that a bite might not be required to cause human infection, and exposures can occur through cuts, scratches, or mucous membranes. (cdc.gov)
  • Travelers should exercise caution to avoid bites, scratches, and exposure to infectious materials. (cdc.gov)
  • A bite is inflicted with the mouth or mandible part of an insect, reptile or animal, resulting in a mosquito bite, snake bite or dog bite. (gainesvillemfm.com)
  • Skeeter syndrome is an allergic reaction to a mosquito bite. (cosmeticskindoctor.com)
  • If you have an allergic reaction, a bug bite can quickly become a medical emergency. (rapidesregional.com)
  • If you have had a reaction to an insect sting or bite, you are at risk for a reaction if you get stung or bitten again. (alberta.ca)
  • Occasionally, someone may be allergic to particular insect stings and suffer a more serious reaction. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • While three-quarters of snakebite fatalities at least made it to hospital, only 44 per cent of people who died from an allergic reaction to an insect sting got to hospital. (edu.au)
  • If you're suffering from a mild to moderate reaction after a sting or bite, know we are here 7 days a week and you never need an appointment. (newporturgentcare.com)
  • When the swelling spreads to other parts of the body, or when the patient feels difficulty in breathing, nausea, or dizziness, he must go to the emergency room immediately, as the injured person suffers from a severe allergic reaction to bee stings and must be treated immediately. (gov.sa)
  • A small percentage of people will have a severe, life-threatening reaction to a bee sting. (gainesvillemfm.com)
  • It is estimated that about 2 million U.S. citizens are highly allergic to bee stings (about 1 in 155 people) and of all of those who are allergic, only 1 in 1,000 will experience the severest allergic reaction. (gainesvillemfm.com)
  • Some people may develop an allergic reaction to a flea bite. (rxlist.com)
  • The signs of bug bites and stings on dogs can vary depending on the type of bug and the severity of the reaction. (sanocyn.com)
  • There were 207 cases of accidents with arachnids, predominantly stinging by scorpions (148 cases, 71.9%), in the Regional Epidemiological Surveillance Sector of the Juruá Regional Hospital located in Cruzeiro do Sul. (bvsalud.org)
  • Others may notice swelling and skin changes 4 to 8 hours after the bite. (kidshealth.org)
  • A yellow jacket, bee or wasp sting can cause immediate pain, itching and swelling. (rapidesregional.com)
  • To reduce swelling and ease pain, wrap ice in a washcloth and hold it on the sting for 10 minutes at a time. (rapidesregional.com)
  • For simple bites with a bit of itching and a little swelling one application is often enough. (mirandacastro.com)
  • For bad bites with swelling, itching and stinging or other pains, several applications may be needed. (mirandacastro.com)
  • The Bug Bite Thing® suction tool extracts the irritant and can help alleviate the itching, stinging and swelling that occurs with bug bites and stings. (harristeeter.com)
  • Apis mellifica is a homeopathic medicine that is taken orally to relieve the pain, itching, and swelling of minor bug bites. (ehealthland.com)
  • Avoid scratching the bite as this may increase swelling and increase the possibility of infection. (gov.sa)
  • Spider Bite - Red skin, swelling, and pain in the affected area. (completefamilydermatology.com)
  • Swelling: The site of the bite or sting may become swollen, red, or hot to the touch. (sanocyn.com)
  • Topical homeopathic cream to relieve the pain, itching and swelling of insect bites and stings. (bhealthy.ca)
  • Poisonous insect bites or spider bites, such as a black widow bite can be helped considerably by the use of herbs. (miraclesofhealth.com)
  • Brown recluse bites don't cause problems for many people. (kidshealth.org)
  • If you think you might have been bitten by a brown recluse spider, wash the area with soap and water, put an ice pack on it, and go to the emergency room right away, even if the bite doesn't look bad. (kidshealth.org)
  • Brown recluse bites are usually painless, but some may feel like a mild bee sting. (rxlist.com)
  • See a doctor immediately if you think you have been bitten by a brown recluse spider bite. (rxlist.com)
  • A brown recluse spider bite can also cause damage to skin tissue that could result in an ulcer that won't seem to heal. (indianaconstructors.org)
  • brown recluse spider bites require closely monitored care from a medical professional. (niagaraadventure.ca)
  • Most mosquito bites just cause itching, but some can spread diseases like Zika and West Nile virus, as well as other illnesses. (rapidesregional.com)
  • There were no spider bite fatalities. (edu.au)
  • A man died from a red back spider bite in April 2016, the first spider bite death in more than 30 years, however this was outside the study period. (edu.au)
  • It's a spider bite, right? (gainesvillemfm.com)
  • Many patients will say they have a spider bite, but only a few actually saw the creature. (gainesvillemfm.com)
  • What does a wolf spider bite look like? (cosmeticskindoctor.com)
  • A wolf spider bite is rarely dangerous and does not usually require treatment. (cosmeticskindoctor.com)
  • These bites and stings generally occur as a defense mechanism or during normal arthropod feeding. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bites and stings were most likely to occur between April to October. (edu.au)
  • NOTOC__ {{SI}} {{CMG}} ==Overview== Insect bites and stings occur when an insect is agitated and seeks to defend itself through its natural defense mechanisms, or when an insect seeks to feed off the bitten person. (wikidoc.org)
  • You can treat most bug bites at home. (rapidesregional.com)
  • Treat the stings as soon as possible, to reduce the chances of severe itching. (fotopharmacy.com)
  • If a wolf spider bites a human, they can often treat it as they would any other insect bite. (cosmeticskindoctor.com)
  • In this blog, we'll share what you need to know about how to prevent and treat bug bites and stings. (completefamilydermatology.com)
  • It is important to be aware of the signs of bug bites and stings on your dog and know how to prevent and treat them. (sanocyn.com)
  • In this article, we'll discuss the types of bugs that commonly annoy dogs, the signs of bug bites and stings, and how to treat and prevent them. (sanocyn.com)
  • Regular checkups: Regular checkups with your veterinarian can help identify and treat bug bites and stings early on, preventing more serious complications from occurring. (sanocyn.com)
  • In addition to stings and bites causing discomfort in of themselves, bites can also spread secondary infections if the arthropod is carrying a virus, bacteria, or parasite. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pain and discomfort around the site of the bite. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • Itching and scratching: Dogs may scratch, lick, or bite at the affected area, indicating irritation and discomfort. (sanocyn.com)
  • Of these, 27 deaths were the result of a bee or wasp sting, with only one case of a beekeeper being killed. (edu.au)
  • Western Australia and South Australia recorded the highest number of recorded fatal stings and bites over the decade, while Tasmania was the only state or territory where no deaths were recorded. (edu.au)
  • During this same period, there were about 25,000 cases of spider bites and 13 deaths per year. (bvsalud.org)
  • During 2011-2021, a total of 788 deaths from hornet, wasp, and bee stings occurred (an average of 72 deaths per year). (cdc.gov)
  • Stings in and around the mouth can be fatal and should always be treated as an emergency. (pediatriconcall.com)
  • Some of those bitten report little or no initial pain. (gainesvillemfm.com)
  • If she bites you, you may experience dizziness, blurred vision, breathing difficulty, nausea or sever pain around the bite area. (indianaconstructors.org)
  • Pain: Some dogs may vocalize or show signs of pain when bitten or stung. (sanocyn.com)
  • Anthisan Cream works to reduce uncomfortable itching and pain from insect bites and stings. (welzo.com)
  • This is what a black widow bite looks like. (rxlist.com)
  • The visible sign of recluse spider poisoning is a small, white blister at the site of the bite. (indianaconstructors.org)
  • Put on Insect Repellent - Using insect repellent may be the best thing that you can do to protect yourself from bites and stings. (completefamilydermatology.com)
  • Hymenoptera stings result in more fatalities than stings or bites from any other arthropod. (medscape.com)
  • This marks the first time the Honey Stung Chicken Sandwich will be available at all Chester's locations nationwide after a successful launch at Love's Travel Stops in summer 2020. (provisioneronline.com)