The force applied by the masticatory muscles in dental occlusion.
The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.
A registration of any positional relationship of the mandible in reference to the maxillae. These records may be any of the many vertical, horizontal, or orientation relations. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry)
Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Bites by snakes. Bite by a venomous snake is characterized by stinging pain at the wound puncture. The venom injected at the site of the bite is capable of producing a deleterious effect on the blood or on the nervous system. (Webster's 3d ed; from Dorland, 27th ed, at snake, venomous)
Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.
Bites inflicted by humans.
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
A masticatory muscle whose action is closing the jaws; its posterior portion retracts the mandible.
A malocclusion in which maxillary incisor and canine teeth project over the mandiblar teeth excessively. The overlap is measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane and is also called vertical overlap. When the overlap is measured parallel to the occlusal plane it is referred to as overjet.
In some animals, the jaws together with their horny covering. The beak usually refers to the bill of birds in which the whole varies greatly in form according of the food and habits of the bird. While the beak refers most commonly to birds, the anatomical counterpart is found also in the turtle, squid, and octopus. (From Webster, 3d ed & Storer, et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p491, 755)
A masticatory muscle whose action is closing the jaws.
The effects, both local and systemic, caused by the bites of SPIDERS.
The mouth, teeth, jaws, pharynx, and related structures as they relate to mastication, deglutition, and speech.
The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
A condition in which certain opposing teeth fail to establish occlusal contact when the jaws are closed.
The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Transducers that are activated by pressure changes, e.g., blood pressure.
Contact between opposing teeth during a person's habitual bite.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
A symptom complex consisting of pain, muscle tenderness, clicking in the joint, and limitation or alteration of mandibular movement. The symptoms are subjective and manifested primarily in the masticatory muscles rather than the temporomandibular joint itself. Etiologic factors are uncertain but include occlusal dysharmony and psychophysiologic factors.
A type of scanning probe microscopy in which a probe systematically rides across the surface of a sample being scanned in a raster pattern. The vertical position is recorded as a spring attached to the probe rises and falls in response to peaks and valleys on the surface. These deflections produce a topographic map of the sample.
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
Motion picture study of successive images appearing on a fluoroscopic screen.
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)
The cat family in the order CARNIVORA comprised of muscular, deep-chested terrestrial carnivores with a highly predatory lifestyle.
Loose, usually removable intra-oral devices which alter the muscle forces against the teeth and craniofacial skeleton. These are dynamic appliances which depend on altered neuromuscular action to effect bony growth and occlusal development. They are usually used in mixed dentition to treat pediatric malocclusions. (ADA, 1992)
Sucking of the finger. This is one of the most common manipulations of the body found in young children.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
The consumption of animal flesh.
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.
The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.
Antisera used to counteract poisoning by animal VENOMS, especially SNAKE VENOMS.
Malocclusion in which the mandible is posterior to the maxilla as reflected by the relationship of the first permanent molar (distoclusion).
A disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth.
A physical misalignment of the upper (maxilla) and lower (mandibular) jaw bones in which either or both recede relative to the frontal plane of the forehead.
Mechanical devices that simulate the temporomandibular joints and jaws to which maxillary and mandibular casts are attached. The entire assembly attempts to reproduce the movements of the mandible and the various tooth-to-tooth relationships that accompany those movements.
The length of the face determined by the distance of separation of jaws. Occlusal vertical dimension (OVD or VDO) or contact vertical dimension is the lower face height with the teeth in centric occlusion. Rest vertical dimension (VDR) is the lower face height measured from a chin point to a point just below the nose, with the mandible in rest position. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p250)
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.
A denture replacing all natural teeth and associated structures in both the maxilla and mandible.
Devices that babies can suck on when they are not feeding. The extra sucking can be comforting to the babies and pacify them. Pacifiers usually are used as a substitute for the thumb in babies who suck on their thumb or fingers almost constantly.
Any of several large carnivorous mammals of the family CANIDAE that usually hunt in packs.
Common name for small PASSERIFORMES in the family Fringillidae. They have a short stout bill (BEAK) adapted for crushing SEEDS. Some species of Old World finches are called CANARIES.
Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.
The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.
The phase of orthodontics concerned with the correction of malocclusion with proper appliances and prevention of its sequelae (Jablonski's Illus. Dictionary of Dentistry).
Malocclusion in which the mandible and maxilla are anteroposteriorly normal as reflected by the relationship of the first permanent molar (i.e., in neutroclusion), but in which individual teeth are abnormally related to each other.
A bony prominence situated on the upper surface of the body of the sphenoid bone. It houses the PITUITARY GLAND.
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.
Either one of the two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose.
The physical measurements of a body.
The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)
The effects, both local and systemic, caused by the bites of TICKS.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.

Morphological changes in periodontal mechanoreceptors of mouse maxillary incisors after the experimental induction of anterior crossbite: a light and electron microscopic observation using immunohistochemistry for PGP 9.5. (1/243)

Ruffini nerve endings (mechanoreceptors) in the periodontal ligament (PDL) of mouse incisors were examined to elucidate whether experimentally-induced crossbites cause any changes or abnormalities in their morphology and distribution. Anterior guiding planes were attached to the mandibular incisors of 3-week-old C3H/HeSlc mice. At 3 days and 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks post-attachment of the appliance, the mice were sacrificed by perfusion fixation. Frozen sagittal cryostat sections of the decalcified maxillary incisors were processed for immunohistochemistry of protein gene product 9.5, followed by histochemical determination of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity to reveal sites of alveolar bone resorption. Despite the absence of bone resorption within the lingual PDL of control mice, distinct resorption sites were seen in the respective regions of the experimental animals. Unlike the controls, many Ruffini endings showing vague and swollen contours, with unusually long and pedunculated micro-projections were observed in the affected lingual PDL of the incisors in the experimental animals with short-term anterior crossbite induction. Club-shaped nerve terminations with few, if any, micro-projections were observed in the lingual PDL of experimental animals with long-term induction, as well as in aged control mouse incisors. Differences in the distribution of Ruffini endings were also observed. These results indicate that changing the direction of the force applied to the PDL results in rapid and prolonged changes in the morphology of Ruffini-like mechanoreceptors.  (+info)

Jaw reflexes evoked by mechanical stimulation of teeth in humans. (2/243)

Jaw reflexes evoked by mechanical stimulation of teeth in humans. The reflex response of jaw muscles to mechanical stimulation of an upper incisor tooth was investigated using the surface electromyogram (SEMG) of the masseter muscle and the bite force. With a slowly rising stimulus, the reflex response obtained on the masseter SEMG showed three different patterns of reflex responses; sole excitation, sole inhibition, and inhibition followed by excitation. Simultaneously recorded bite force, however, exhibited mainly one reflex response pattern, a decrease followed by an increase in the net closing force. A rapidly rising stimulus also induced several different patterns of reflex responses in the masseter SEMG. When the simultaneously recorded bite force was analyzed, however, there was only one reflex response pattern, a decrease in the net closing force. Therefore, the reflex change in the masseter muscle is not a good representative of the net reflex response of all jaw muscles to mechanical tooth stimulation. The net response is best expressed by the averaged bite force. The averaged bite force records showed that when the stimulus force was developing rapidly, the periodontal reflex could reduce the bite force and hence protect the teeth and supporting tissues from damaging forces. It also can increase the bite force; this might help keep food between the teeth if the change in force rate is slow, especially when the initial bite force is low.  (+info)

Cheek and tongue pressures in the molar areas and the atmospheric pressure in the palatal vault in young adults. (3/243)

The pressures acting on the maxillary and mandibular posterior teeth from the tongue and cheeks were measured in 24 adults aged 22-29 years. In addition, the pressure in the palatal vault was recorded. The pressure at two maxillary (buccal and lingual) and two mandibular (buccal and lingual) measuring points, and in the palatal vault was recorded simultaneously. Repeated recordings of the pressures at rest, and during chewing and swallowing were made. The pressures at rest were of similar magnitude (about 2 g/cm2) at the buccal and lingual sides of the mandibular posterior teeth. The median resting pressure at the maxillary posterior teeth was 2.7 g/cm2 on the buccal side and 1.0 g/cm2 on the lingual side. The difference in the maxilla was significant, but not in the mandible. It was concluded that the equilibrium of tooth position is maintained by the pressure from the cheeks and the tongue. During chewing and swallowing the pressures on the lingual side of the teeth were greater than those on the buccal side. At rest about half of the subjects had a negative pressure at the palatal vault, but no correlations between the resting pressure at the palatal vault and the resting pressures on the teeth were found.  (+info)

Adaptation of the muscles of mastication to the flat skull feature in the polar bear (Ursus maritimus). (4/243)

The muscles of mastication of the polar bear (Ursus maritimus) and those of the brown bear (U. arctos) were examined by anatomical approach. In addition, the examination of the skull was carried out in the polar bear, brown bear and giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). In the polar bear, the rostro-ventral part of the superficial layer of the M. masseter possessed the abundant fleshy portion folded in the rostral and lateral directions like an accordion. Moreover, the rostro-medial area of the superficial layer became hollow in the nuchal direction when the mouth was closed. The M. temporalis of the polar bear covered up the anterior border of the coronoid process of the mandible and occupied the almost entire area of the cranial surface. The M. pterygoideus medialis of the polar bear was inserted on the ventral border of the mandible and on the ventral part of the temporal bone more widely than that of the brown bear. As results of our measurements of the mandible, an effect of the leverage in the polar bear was the smallest in three species. In the polar bear, the skull was flat, and the space between zygomatic arch and ventral border of the mandible, occupied by the M. masseter was the narrowest. It is suggested that the muscles of mastication of the polar bear is adapted to the flat skull feature for supplementing the functions.  (+info)

EMG activities of two heads of the human lateral pterygoid muscle in relation to mandibular condyle movement and biting force. (5/243)

Electromyographic (EMG) activities of the superior (SUP) and inferior heads (INF) of the lateral pterygoid muscle (LPT) were recorded in humans during voluntary stepwise changes in biting force and jaw position that were adopted to exclude the effects of acceleration and velocity of jaw movements on the muscle activity. The SUP behaved like a jaw-closing muscle and showed characteristic activity in relation to the biting force. It showed a considerable amount of background activity (5-32% of the maximum) even in the intercuspal position without teeth clenching and reached a nearly maximum activity at relatively lower biting-force levels than the jaw-closing muscles during increment of the biting force. Stretch reflexes were found in the SUP, the function of which could be to stabilize the condyle against the biting force that pulls the condyle posteriorly. This notion was verified by examining the biomechanics on the temporomandibular joint. The complex movements of the mandibular condyle in a sagittal plane were decomposed into displacement in the anteroposterior direction (Ac) and angle of rotation (RAc) around a kinesiological specific point on the condyle. In relation to Ac, each head of the LPT showed quite a similar behavior to each other in all types of jaw movements across all subjects. Working ranges of the muscle activities were almost constant (Ac <3 mm for the SUP and Ac >3 mm for the INF). The amount of EMG activity of the SUP changed in inverse proportion to Ac showing a hyperbola-like relation, whereas that of the INF changed rather linearly. The EMG amplitude of the SUP showed a quasilinear inverse relation with RAc in the hinge movement during which the condyle rotated with no movement in the anteroposterior direction. This finding suggests that the SUP controls the angular relationship between the articular disk and the condyle. On the other hand, the position of the disk in relation to the maxilla, not to the condyle, is controlled indirectly by the INF because the disk is attached to the condyle by tendinous ligaments.  (+info)

Change in the width of the mandibular body from 6 to 23 years of age: an implant study. (6/243)

After the ossification of the mandibular symphysis, shortly after birth, changes in mandibular width would be expected to occur only by surface apposition or resorption on the buccal surfaces of the left and right mandibular halves. However, evidence for an opening hinge movement of the two mandibular halves around a vertical axis located in the region of the mandibular symphysis was recently found in longitudinal studies of 29 subjects with unilateral implant markers in the mandible. These subjects were followed from 8.5 to 15.5 years of age (Korn and Baumrind, 1990; Baumrind and Korn, 1992). The aim of the present investigation was to examine whether the presence of such an age-related increase in mandibular body width could be confirmed in a sample with bilateral implant markers in the mandible. The sample comprised 10 subjects (3F, 7M) from the files of another longitudinal study with implant markers (Bjork, 1968). A total of 122 pairs of annual lateral and postero-anterior (p-a) cephalometric records were available, covering longitudinal observation periods ranging from 8 to 16 years within an age interval of between 6 and 23 years. The width between a right and left side mandibular implant marker was measured with digital callipers on all p-a radiographs. Each measurement was corrected mathematically for various sources of radiographic enlargement. A small, but statistically significant increase in the distance between the right and left implant markers, i.e. in the bilateral width of the mandibular body, was observed in all subjects. The total increase in width in each subject ranged from 0.7 to 1.7 mm for the various periods of observation (P < or = 0.01). For the 12-year period from 6 to 18 years, the average total increase was 1.6 mm (P < or = 0.001, SD = 0.42), i.e. 0.13 mm/year. After this age there was no systematic trend. The mechanism for this increase in width is unknown. It is suggested that during postnatal growth, an increasing load from the masticatory occlusal forces might influence endosteal bone remodelling in the mandibular body, thus producing or allowing a gradual permanent outward bending of the right and left mandibular halves.  (+info)

Reflex responses induced by tooth unloading. (7/243)

The reflex response of the masseter muscle to the rapid unloading of a single maxillary incisor tooth was studied. Unloading of a static force of 2 N in the horizontal direction resulted in a short-latency excitation, inhibition, and long-latency excitation of masseter muscle activity occurring at latencies of approximately 13, 20, and 40 ms, respectively, with a corresponding change in bite force occurring slightly later in each case. Following the blocking of periodontal input by the injection of local anesthetic around the stimulated tooth, inhibitory responses were abolished. Therefore, it is concluded that the observed masseteric inhibition was caused by the unloading of periodontal mechanoreceptors and thus that these receptors may contribute to the jaw unloading reflex.  (+info)

Influence on myoelectric discharges of anteroposterior displacement of the mandibular position near the tapping point. (8/243)

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence that the anteroposterior mandibular displacement near the tapping point exerts on the myoelectric activity of masseter and temporal muscles at a specific occluding force and to clarify the possibility of judging the mandibular position by measuring the amount of myoelectric discharge. Eight dentulous subjects were selected for the study. Surface electrodes were placed over the anterior, middle and posterior regions of the masseter muscle and over the anterior, middle and posterior bundles of the temporal muscle. Independently of the measurement region, the changes in the masseter and temporal muscle myoelectric activity which accompanied the anteroposterior mandibular displacement, were low. Moreover, when the mandible was displaced anteroposteriorly, the total amount of the myoelectrical discharge from all the recorded places, as well as the amounts of myoelectrical discharge over the middle part of the masseter muscle and the anterior bundle of the temporal muscle reached their lowest values in those mandibular positions which included the tapping point in less than half of the subjects. Therefore, this study indicates that the possibility of judging anteroposterior mandibular displacement by masseter and temporal muscle electromyography is quite low.  (+info)

Development of the masticatory system is influenced by functional needs. Furthermore, masticatory exercise can improve masticatory function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential effect of the gum chewing exercise on the maximum bite force (MBF) in adult subjects with different facial morphologies. MBF was measured by a portable occlusal force gauge and lateral cephalogram was used for evaluation of craniofacial morphology in 19 individuals (7 males and 12 females) with a mean age of 25.4 years (SD ± 4.3). The volunteers underwent gum chewing exercise for 5 min twice a day for 4 weeks. MBF was measured before (T1) and after the 4‐week exercise (T2). The facial morphology of the subjects was classified into the brachy (n = 7), mesio (n = 7), and dolicho (n = 5) facial types. In all three groups, exercise was associated with a significant increase in MBF, though the percent increase was highest in the dolicho facial type. We conclude that gum chewing exercise can improve ...
DISCUSIÓN. Electromyography evaluations of the masticator muscles during the maximum bite force. Mercedes González Hidalgo. Sección de Neuromuscular. Servicio de Neurofisiología Clínica. Instituto de Neurociencias. Hospital Clínico Universitario San Carlos. Madrid. España. Electromyography (EMG) is based on recording the muscular action potential or the potential of the motor unit, which is the sum of the electrical changes produced by the contraction of all the muscular fibers that compose the motor unit. It provides information on the comprehensive function of the entire motor system: upper and lower motor neuron, neuromuscular junction, and muscle. The action potential of the motor unit is obtained with a mild voluntary contraction of the muscle recorded with a concentric needle electrode inserted in the muscle under study.. This type of EMG produces recordings of high quality and specificity that allow the study of the characteristics of the motor unit potentials to identify different ...
This study evaluated the bite force, electromyographic activity, and mandibular mobility in patients undergoing surgery for facial fracture treatment that required a coronal approach. Ten men were divided into two groups: group I, coronal approach with pre-auricular extension (n=4, average age 34.5 years); group II, coronal approach (n=6, average age 24.8 years). The maximum bite force was measured using a dynamometer and mandibular mobility using a calliper. The electromyographic activity of the right masseter (RM), left masseter (LM), right temporal (RT), and left temporal (LT) muscles was evaluated using a Myosystem-Br1 apparatus. Patients were evaluated at 1, 2, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Data were analysed using the repeated measures test (SPSS 21.0; P≤0.05). Statistically significant differences were found for electromyographic activity at rest (group II: LM P=0.00), left laterality (group I: RT P=0.02; group II: RT P=0.04), and maximum voluntary contraction (group I: RM P=0.04 and RT P=0.04
Ultrasonography has been used to determine the association between muscle thickness, temporomandibular dysfuntion (TMD), facial morphology, and bite force. The aim of this study was to evaluate signs and symptoms (SS) of TMD using the craniomandibular index (CMI), masseter and anterior temporalis thickness, facial dimensions, and bite force in adolescents (12-18 years of age): 20 (10 males and 10 females) with SSTMD and 20 without (control, matched for age and gender). Ultrasonography was carried out using Just-Vision 200, and bite force measured with a pressure transducer. The measurements undertaken on the cephalograms included anterior (n-gn, n-Me, sp-gn) and posterior (S-tgo) facial dimensions, jaw inclination (NSL/ML), vertical jaw relationship (NL/ML), gonial angle (ML/RL), and overbite and overjet. The data were analysed with analysis of variance, Pearsons and Spearmans correlation and multiple regression. The SSTMD group showed a smaller bite force than the controls (P , 0.05). In the ...
China Bite Force Tester Simulate The Child′s Teeth, Find details about China Bite Force Tester, Kids Nipple Tester from Bite Force Tester Simulate The Child′s Teeth - Shenzhen Bonad Instrument Co., Ltd.
DISCUSSION. The mean fracture resistance results observed in the present study (Table 2) are higher than the mean bite force values reported by Lyons15 (1990) for canine teeth of approximately 22 kgf. In contrast, patients with bruxism presented a bite force of almost 26 kgf and the maximum bite force in the canine region ranged from 32 to 35 kgf.. In a study using the finite element method, Joshi, et al.13 (2001) observed that among all factors that interfere with the stress distribution pattern, post diameter and geometry contribute less to an increase or decrease of stresses in the tooth. In the present study, geometry was found to modify the stress distribution pattern (Figure 7), as demonstrated by Lewgoy, et al.14 (2003).. Posts do not reinforce debilitated teeth9, a fact that might be explained mechanically1,17. Cementation of a post during root treatment alters the load distribution pattern along its axis. The crack starts in the region of highest stress concentration (compressive or ...
Alongside EMG activity, biting force is the primary parameter used for assessing the biting problems of dentulous patients and patients with dentures. In a highly conductive oral cavity, dielectric measurement methods are preferred, for safety reasons. The maximum biting force for patients with removable dentures is not more than 100 ... 300 N. We report here on an instrument developed for measuring human biting force which consists of three units: a mouthpiece, a signal processing and interface unit (SPI), and a PC. The mouthpiece comprises a sensor head of thickness 3.4 mm, width 20 mm and length 30 mm constructed of two stainless steel plates and with a fiber optic microbending sensor between them. This is connected to the SPI unit by a three-meter fiber optic cable, and the SPI unit to the PC by an RS connection. A computer program has been developed that includes measurement, display, zeroing, and calibration operations. The instrument measures biting force as a function of time and ...
A Study of EMG avtivity of Masseter and Temporalis muscles and maximum bite force in Patients with various Malocclusions. Sarabjeet Singh,Ashok Utreja,Sudesh Prabakhar, Navreet Sandhu . Journal of Indian Orthodontic Society, Oct-Dec 2013, Vol.47, No. 2:53-61 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Influence of Deformation and Stress between Bone and Implant from Various Bite Forces by Numerical Simulation Analysis. AU - Cheng, Hsin Chung. AU - Peng, Boe Yu. AU - Chen, May Show. AU - Huang, Chiung Fang. AU - Lin, Yi. AU - Shen, Yung Kang. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Endosseous oral implant is applied for orthodontic anchorage in subjects with multiple tooth agenesis. Its effectiveness under orthodontic loading has been demonstrated clinically and experimentally. This study investigates the deformation and stress on the bone and implant for different bite forces by three-dimensional (3D) finite element (FE) methods. A numerical simulation of deformation and stress distributions around implants was used to estimate the survival life for implants. The model was applied to determine the pattern and distribution of deformations and stresses within the endosseous implant and on supporting tissues when the endosseous implant is used for orthodontic anchorage. A threaded implant was ...
Bite Force is a heavyweight robot which has competed in every season of the BattleBots reboot. It was built by Paul Ventimiglia of Team Aptyx Designs. Bite Force was a tracked robot armed with a grabbing jaw so it could lift and even overturn opposing robots. It also had multiple interchangeable...
In case you missed the news (or just watch BattleBots on Science Channel): Bite Force is the 2018 BattleBots champion! Paul Ventimiglia and the APTYX Designs team pulled off a thrilling win over the powerful robot Minotaur in the
Este timpul ca robotii sa se lupte! Acum a venit timpul ca robotul tau sa preia conducerea in campionatul BattleBots! Alege-ti adversarul si intra in ring! Domina-i pe toti cei care te provoaca cu trasaturile distinctive ale lui Bite Force: prindere si ridicare. Arma de ridicare se activeaza prin apasare. Microrobotul se utilizeaza prin actionare manuala. Se deplaseaza pe suprafete tari.
Our results highlight the importance of using subject-specific data for accurate modelling and demonstrate the value of conducting comprehensive sensitivity analyses to assess the effects of uncertainties and errors in the choice of input variables.. The degree to which the model predictions match experimental data is highly dependent on how the muscles are represented. Our sensitivity analyses show that changing pennation angles has a much smaller effect on predicted bite force magnitudes than does changing muscle fibre length or intrinsic strength (figure 5a-c). This is to be expected because the latter variables directly impact on maximum muscle force. Altering the orientation of the modelled muscle strands, and thus the muscle force vectors also affects predicted bite force magnitudes (figure 5d). In our model, muscle wrapping has a greater effect than extreme values of pennation angle but this is less than the effect of using extreme values of muscle fibre length.. Bite force predictions ...
The leading dental and oral heathcare site affords access to the AEGIS dental archives, as well as news, product information, and other online-only articles and features.
Correo electrónico: store(at)battlebots(dot)com. BattleBots® es una marca de fábrica exclusiva de BattleBots, Inc., una empresa de California . Nuestra marca de fábrica está registrada en Estados Unidos y en todo el mundo. De conformidad con lo que establece la ley, puede utilizarse únicamente para identificar acontecimientos, programas o productos oficiales de BattleBots. Si el usuario no está haciendo referencia a acontecimientos, programas o productos oficiales de BattleBots, no debe utilizar nuestro nombre. ...
The (maximal) bite force of the Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) is estimated around 22,000 Newton (refer to YouTube interview with Ofer Kobi, a crocodile conservation ranger and croc farm owner, time 7:50-8:00, Hebrew , where he estimates the bite force as above 2 metric tons). However, I didnt find a proper reference for this. Dr. Gregory Erickson measured the bite forces of a 5.2 meters long Saltwater Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) and obtained a value of about 16,000+ Newton and estimated a 6.7 meters long Saltwater Crocodile can exert a bite twice as strong (about 34,000 Newton). See Paper by Gregory Erickson et al. Interesting to note that Erickson measured small Nile Crocodile (total body length , 3 meters) so it does not represent the bite force of a full adult big crocodile.. Remarks on units of force:. 1 Newton = 1 kg * 1 meter / sec^2. $1 \ \mathrm{Newton} = \frac{\mathrm{kg} \times \mathrm{meter}}{\mathrm{second}^2}$. 1 Newton = 0.224808943 lbf = 0.225 lbf (pound-force). 10,000 ...
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether vertical facial patterns influence maximal occlusal force (MOF), masticatory muscle electromyographic (EMG) activity, and medial mandibular flexure (MMF). Material and Methods: Seventy-eight dentate subjects were divided into 3 groups by Rickettss analysis: brachyfacial, nnesofacial and dolychofacial. Maximum occlusal force in the molar region was bilaterally measured with a force transducer. The electromyographic activities of the masseter and anterior temporal muscles were recorded during maximal voluntary clenching. Medial mandibular flexure was calculated by subtracting the intermolar distance of maximum opening or protrusion from the distance in the rest position. The data were analyzed using ANOVA followed by Tukeys HSD test. The significance level was set at 5%. Results: Data on maximum occlusal force showed that shorter faces had higher occlusal forces (P,0.0001). Brachyfacial subjects presented higher levels of masseter ...
Dolichofacial subjects presents poorer mechanical advantage, less efficiency in masticatory muscles during mastication and in generating bite force, smaller occlusal contact area and masticatory capacity when compared to brachyfacial individuals.. Wide, bilateral chewing cycles were related to better masticatory performance, however, unilateral chewing was reported to be very common in population, and it has been associated to lateral asymmetry on bite force and occlusal contact area.. It has been reported that dolichofacial subjects need greater muscular effort during mastication when compared to meso and brachyfacial subjects. This may cause functional overloading of weaker masticatory muscles, and may lead to functional asymmetries. ...
Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs) predominantly afflict women of childbearing age. Defects in mechanical loading-induced temporomandibular joint (TMJ) remodeling are believed to be a major etiological factor in the development of TMD. The goal of this study was to determine if there are sex differences in CD-1 and C57BL/6 mice exposed to a decreased occlusal loading TMJ remodeling model. Male and female CD-1 and C57BL/6 mice, 21 days old, were each divided into two groups. They were fed either a normal pellet diet (normal loading) or a soft diet and had their incisors trimmed out of occlusion (decreased occlusal loading) for 4 weeks. The mandibular condylar cartilage was evaluated by histology, and the subchondral bone was evaluated by micro-CT analysis. Gene expression from both was evaluated by real-time PCR analysis. In both strains and sexes of mice, decreased occlusal loading caused similar effects in the subchondral bone, decreases in bone volume and total volume compared with their normal
Prosthetic Guidelines for Immediate Occlusal Loading 234. Postoperative Instructions 239. Appointment 7: Prosthetic Follow-Up Appointments (1/2 Hour) 239. 24-Hour Follow-Up Appointment (1/2 Hour) 239. 1-Week Follow-Up Appointment (1/2 Hour) 239. 4-Week Follow-Up Appointment (1/2 Hour) 240. 12-Week Follow-Up Appointment (1/2 Hour) 240. 9 Treatment of an Edentulous Patient with an Accelerated Treatment Protocol and Immediate Occlusal Loading Protocol (All-on-4™) 243. Literature Review 243. Clinical Case Presentation 245. Appointments 1 and 2: Initial Examination, Articulator Mounting, and Wax Try-In 245. Chief Complaint 245. History of the Present Illness 245. Radiographs (CT Scan) 245. Physical Examination 246. Diagnostic Casts, Articulator Mounting, and Diagnostic Wax Try-In 247. Diagnosis 250. Assessment 250. Treatment Options 251. Prognosis 251. Appointment 3: Consultation Restorative Dentist/Patient 252. Appointment 4: Consultation Prosthodontist/Surgeon 252. Number/Size of Implants ...
Introduction: We aimed to determine whether appliance type affects changes in maximum voluntary bite force (MVBF) and the number of occlusal contacts (NOC) during retention, controlling for sex, age, and body mass index. Methods: The sample comprised 176 examinees (70 male, 106 female) aged 14 to 20 years: 30 had maxillary and mandibular Essix retainers, 30 had wrap-around retainers, and 30 had a combination of fixed mandibular canine-to-canine retainers bonded on each tooth separately (double twisted, 0.254 mm in diameter, stainless steel ligature wire) and Essix retainer in the maxillary arch; 86 with normal occlusion were not treated. MVBF and the NOC were measured immediately after removal of preadjusted edgewise appliances (Roth prescription), 6 weeks after that, and after the next 4 weeks. Results: Increases in MVBF and the NOC were demonstrated, but subjects with 2 Essix retainers showed lower values than did the others. Changes were related to type of appliance, sex, and age (P , 0.05) ...
WHETHER tyrannosaurs occupied predatory or scavenging niches has been debated for nearly a century1-5. Palaeontologists have turned to the study of dental morphology to address this question, but the results have been highly disparate. Some contend that the tyrannosaur dentition was very strong and well suited for engaging and killing herbivorous dinosaurs6,7. Others posit that tyrannosaurs ate carrion, because their teeth and/or jaws would fail during struggles with prey2,3. The discovery of skeletal remains with bite marks from Tyrannosaurus rex8makes it possible to estimate, through indentation simulations on bovine ilia, the bite forces produced by T. rexduring feeding. The estimates (6,410 to 13,400 N) rival the largest bite forces determined for any taxon to date and suggest that T. rex had very strong, impact-resistant teeth. Although these data do not prove that T. rex was predominantly predacious, they indicate that its dentition could probably withstand the stresses associated with prey
Dog bite force is difficult to calibrate scientifically, and statements in the literature that the force of the dogs bite has been measured at a certain level must be treated with caution.
The Cerrejón crocodile the scientists unearthed came out to be about 28 feet, which is bigger than any crocodile that we have alive today. More importantly, it was of a size to match the croc from the dinosaur era, Sarcosuchus. Now that we know how large the croc was, Dr. Greg Erickson can finally estimate the power of its monstrous bite. It is of a magnitude equal to that of a T. rex. Watch online: S15 Ep5: Bite force of the Cerrejón crocodile from Secrets of the Dead. On demand, streaming video from KQED
Gilbert have designed a selection of Leisure Balls using different characters as innovative designs for fun rugby with family and friends. Introducing the Bite Force Leisure Ball. This ball has been designed as a scary shark face with its teeth on show with a small Gilbert logo. The perfect gift for older children play
Maxima lux kennel, focused on preserving recognizable cane corso type.Transportation of Cane Corso puppies is available to the all destination of the world. | Cane corso bite force
You dont have to settle for anything less than the best. Improve your biting force with dental implants in Manahawkin to enjoy your favorite foods again.
Hyenas are incredible bone-crushing machines, capable of cracking through the leg bones of large animals, as explained in Z. Jack Tsengs Two-minute Thesis animated video, produced by PhD Comics.
The large, sabre-like teeth of Smilodon (Sabre-Toothed Cat) were too fragile and likely to be damaged if this member of the Machairodontinae bit down onto bone.
Robot info Builder info Robot: Blacksmith Builder: Al Kindle Type: Hammer Job: Electro-Mechanical Technician Team: Half Fast Astronaut Al Kindle, Alan Young, John Wolan, James Iocca, Kyle Singer Years competing: 24 years Hometown: Edison, NJ Favorite tool: Hammer Sponsors: Nuclear Blast Records NPC Robotics Kloeckner Metals Jet Precision Metal Favorite robot: Maximillian Website:…. ...
Most kids like to chew chewing gum. Dentists would prefer they chewed sugarfree chewing gum to prevent tooth decay. This product is sugarfree - Wendyl Nissen -
What if the animals we eat actually ran their own ad campaign and replaced the billboards emblazoned with their severed body parts and secretions with distinct
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People spend a lot of money to get elected to public office. They buy ads, they buy signs, they pay campaign staffs, and so on. And yet, for free, you and I get to tell more than half of them, Bite me.. You cant get much more American than that. ...
The CM311 reference head-worn condenser microphone is designed for touring and live-sound applications. It sounds like the best handheld microphones full, clear and distortion-free, even with the loudest singers. Differoid stands for differential cardioid, which cancels ambient noise from floor monitors, crowds and other sources. Controlled field tests show that the Differoid provides up to 12dB more gain before feedback than conventional cardioid microphones. Many users of CM311 say that their house mix is better because the mic s isolation is nearly complete. The CM311 is available in different versions, e.g. the CM311 L with a three-pin mini XLR connecter, which fits all AKG wireless body-pack transmitters. ...
Patients with skeletal class III malocclusions commonly show anterior crossbite, dental compensation, and class III canine and molar relationships, with resulting difficulties in mastication. Depending on the severity, orthodontic camouflage treatment can be limited and orthognathic surgery is performed to enhance facial aesthetics and function. Most studies have focused on postsurgical morphological changes, not functional changes, because it is difficult to investigate quantitative changes in masticatory function after surgery. With regard to functional parameters, the measurement of bite force and occlusal contact area with thin pressure-sensitive sheets has been used widely and is reported to represent the occlusal condition quite accurately. According to previous studies, patients requiring mandibular setback surgery have significantly lower bite forces and smaller contact areas than individuals with normal occlusion ; these parameters decrease further during presurgical orthodontic ...
An ideal occlusal scheme plays an important role in a good prognosis of All-on-Four applications, as it does for other implant therapies, due to the potential impact of occlusal loads on implant prosthetic components. The aim of the present three-dimensional (3D) finite element analysis (FEA) study was to investigate the stresses on abutments, screws and prostheses that are generated by occlusal loads via different occlusal schemes in the All-on-Four concept. Three-dimensional models of the maxilla, mandible, implants, implant substructures and prostheses were designed according to the All-on-Four concept. Forces were applied from the occlusal contact points formed in maximum intercuspation and eccentric movements in canine guidance occlusion (CGO), group function occlusion (GFO) and lingualized occlusion (LO). The von Mises stress values for abutment and screws and deformation values for prostheses were obtained and results were evaluated comparatively. It was observed that the stresses on ...
A fractured or separated mandibular symphysis in a rabbit can result in severe malocclusion, anorexia, starvation and death, so requires immediate veterinary dental care.
Mice are arguably the dominant model organisms for studies investigating the effect of genetic traits on the pathways to mammalian skull and teeth development, thus being integral in exploring craniofacial and dental evolution. The aim of this study is to analyse the functional significance of masticatory loads on the mouse mandible and identify critical stress accumulations that could trigger phenotypic and/or growth alterations in mandible-related structures. To achieve this, a 3D model of mouse skulls was reconstructed based on Micro Computed Tomography measurements. Upon segmenting the main hard tissue components of the mandible such as incisors, molars and alveolar bone, boundary conditions were assigned on the basis of the masticatory muscle architecture. The model was subjected to four loading scenarios simulating different feeding ecologies according to the hard or soft type of food and chewing or gnawing biting movement. Chewing and gnawing resulted in varying loading patterns, with biting type
Glenn J. Wolfinger, DMD, FACP**. Int J Periodont Rest Dent 1997; 17:427-435.. Posterior single-tooth implant restorations are subjected to an increased risk of bending overload. A high incidence of implant fracture has been reported when using a single standard 3.75-mm-diameter implant to support a molar restoration. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate the clinical feasibility of placing two implants to support a molar restoration and to compare this treatment option to the use of a single standard implant or a wide-diameter implant. Two osseointegrated dental implants used to support a molar restoration in interdental spaces as small as 10 mm is shown to be effective and predictable in 60 restorations over the past 7 years. The use of two implants provides more surface area for osseointegration and spreads the occlusal loading forces out over a wider area, reducing the potential bending forces that would otherwise exist in a single-implant molar restoration. (Int J Periodont Rest Dent ...
Purpose: (1) To compare SEM quantitative marginal analysis data with the depth of penetration (DP) of the three most commonly used tracers for microleakage in Class II fillings in vitro; (2) based on the obtained results to calculate the discriminatory power of a sample size of 12. Materials and Methods: Standardized large cavities (mesially 1 mm above the CEJ, distally 1 mm below the CEJ, intercuspal distance 70%) were prepared into 36 extracted caries-free first mandibular molars and filled with Tetric EvoCeram/AdheSE, the resin being applied in horizontal layers 2 mm thick. Each increment was light cured for 20 s (1200 mW/cm2). Finishing was performed with fine diamond burs and disks. All teeth were subjected to occlusal loading (1,200,000 cycles, 49 N/1.7 Hz) and simultaneous thermocycling (3000 cycles at 5 C/55 C). The percentage of continuous margin of the cervical dentin and enamel was evaluated on replicas using SEM. The teeth were subjected to tracer penetration with either 0.5% basic ...
Tel/Fax: 0256/220 480, e-mail: [email protected] ABSTRACT. Introduction. Planass fundamental laws are based on the neuro-occlusal concept, which plays a major role in the development and evolution of the stomatognatic system. The alterations of the masticatory functions contribute to the modeling of the structures that form the stomatognatic system.. Methodology The purpose of the study was to assess the masticatory stereotype of a group of young people and to analyse the functional masticatory angles.. We have assessed the amplitude of the functional masticatory angles on a group of 20 students. The masticatory angles depend on the occlusal morphology (cusp size), age and masticatory movements.. Results Great alterations are present with patients with dento-maxillary anomalies, edentations, dental injuries and unilateral mastication.. Conclusion The data obtained allow us to improve the masticatory functions as part of a complex oral rehabilitation. The functional masticatory angles are ...
Females exhibited higher cortical BD than males at menton (Me, P =0.002). Patients with a posterior growth direction exhibited a higher cortical BD than those with anterior and normal growth direction at Me (P ,0.021, P ,0.001, respectively), pogonion (Pog, P =0.037, P =0.037, respectively) and genion (Ge, P =0.007, P =0.008, respectively). Patients with a posterior growth direction exhibited a higher cortical BD than those with anterior growth direction at B point (P =0.009 ...
Practical Introduction to Finite Element Analysis 3-Day Training Course An opportunity to ensure that your organization gets maximum benefit from using Finit Element Analysis. FEA has become widely used and universally accepted in many industry sectors. Finite Element Analysis is a powerful technique, able to produce solutions to challenging structural analysis problems. The technology and computational efficiency of the method, together with the rapid increases in computer processi
Summary: Many lizards possess potentially mobile skulls, but how jaw muscles and joint tissues mediate this mobility is unclear. FEA of the biomechanics of protractor muscles, joint tissues, and bite points reveals that torsion is a significant driver in the feeding apparatus of lizard skulls. ...
13 compound is a new generation of ultimate high bite, high friction. This has increased bite, modulation, superior disc conditioning and release characteristics for exceptional control. Ultra-smooth and great for tracks with high grip or high downforce cars. It is the ultimate combination of high bite and infinite control. Typical applications: Ideal use for sprint and severe applications. Heavy, fast cars or high downforce cars where bite at first third of the stop is desired. 13s wear is on a par with PFCs legendary 01 compound. It will operate at higher temperatures if called to as it has a very high threshold for fade resistance. 13 has shown, of all the high bite, high torque pads in the market, to have one of the lowest taper wear in a properly-designed race caliper.. ...
Learn how to perform finite element analysis (FEA) in MATLAB. Resources include videos, examples, and documentation covering finite element analysis and other topics.
Lecture 22 - Advanced Finite Elements Analysis This video is part of Lecture Series on Advanced Finite Elements Analysis by P...
Lecture 5 - Advanced Finite Elements Analysis This video is part of Lecture Series on Advanced Finite Elements Analysis by P...
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of non-progressive developmental movement disorders inducing a strong brain reorganization in primary and secondary motor areas. Nevertheless, few studies have been dedicated to quantify brain pattern changes and correlate them with motor characteristics in CP children. In this context, it is very important to identify feasible and complementary tools able to enrich the description of motor impairments by considering their neural correlates. To this aim, we recorded the electroencephalographic activity and the corresponding event-related desynchronization (ERD) of a group of mild-to-moderate affected unilateral CP children while performing unilateral reach-to-grasp movements with both their paretic and non-paretic arms ...
Detailed nutritional values of Cereals ready-for-eating, KELLOGG, KELLOGGS FROSTED MINI-WHEATS, bite size plus little bites. Online analysis information with non-nutrients and nutrients composition facts table for item No. 08319 found in category Breakfast Cereals. Data contents chart for nutritionists. Food details for CEREALS RTE,KELLOGGS FRSTD MINI-WHEATS,BITE SZE & LTL BITES in different kinds of quantities, amounts or measurements.
Learn about finite element analysis (FEA), how it works and the difference between FEA and the finite element method. Explore the advantages of FEA, its common applications and the principles behind the method and analysis.
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Finite Element Analysis (FEA) has been widely implemented by the automotive industry as a productivity tool for design engineers to reduce both development time and cost. This essential work serves as a guide for FEA as a design tool and addresses the specific needs of design engineers to improve productivity. It provides a clear presentation that will help practitioners to avoid mistakes. Easy to use examples of FEA fundamentals are clearly presented that can be simply applied during the product development process. The FEA process is fully explored in this fundamental and practical approach that includes ...
Finite element analysis (FEA) is a method for predicting how a component/assembly will react to environmental forces, heat, vibration, etc.
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3D Geotechnical Finite Elements Analysis software program to model, simulate, analyze and deploy staged construction in geotechnical engineering
In my eyes the problem starts when people dont realize theyre ignoring all the non confrontational polite calming signals directed towards you. If youre doing something theyre not comfortable with the majority of the time theyll let you know well in advance that its not sitting well with them. Subtle signs like; the look away, lick lips, sniff, back away, yawn. If you dont take note at that time, the dog will kick things up a notch and use more overt agonistic signals like; freeze, hairy eyeball, growl, lunge, air snap, or even a pressure bite, barely felt by your skin. If they INHIBIT themselves from a full on bite, puncture and tear causing stitches...I call all those signals being opinionated ...
Bite Size was a one-shot zine published in Seattle, Washington by De. Released in 2000, the zine featured interviews with comic creator Russ Turk; with Alvin, editor of Ugly Boy zine; writing by Charlotte Cooper and Michael LeMar; and articles such as My Encounter with Captain Sensible; Freak Scene: My Life As a Kook Magnet; Queer Punk: Am I The Only One? by Sean; I Was A 1-900 Phone Line Host; How I Started My Career As A Stalker, a story about a sixth grader meeting Fonzie at a taping of Happy Days; photo and article about the queercore group Tongue Man and more, plus art by Anonymous Boy. De Kwok also did the pop culture zine Sweet Milky Shine and contributed to Not My Small Diary. ...
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This high heat sterilizable bite stick may be sterilised up to 600 degrees. Only available in beige. Sold individually. Product Ref: 60-810 CH2 Order Code: 2082382
A TOY WITH GREAT BOUNCY : This pet chew ball toy is also suitable for training pet agility. You will see the ball bounce high when it hits the ground. It is suitable to play with in the yard, home, park, shore and so on. A really good playing toy for your lovely pets ...
Hi all!! I am working on a heat exchanger analysis with NASTRAN. The sheet plate is modeled with CHEXA elements. As the analysis results must be checked with th
Provides a basic understanding of a convenient tool for approximation of the solution to a wide variety of complicated engineering problems.
Provides a basic understanding of a convenient tool for approximation of the solution to a wide variety of complicated engineering problems.
I run on high bite carpet, and lower roll centers works flawlessly in my tc4s.... I even hit dots while turning with no traction roll ! Each vehicle
Autopsy on a Lost Referendum by Sean Gabb (27th May 2016) Though we have nearly four weeks yet of campaigning, I find it hard to believe that the European Referendum will end in other than a crushing defeat for the Leave Campaign. For many on our side, this will be the end of their hopes.…
నమలడం (Mastication or Chewing) జీర్ణ ప్రక్రియలో మొదటి భాగం. నమిలేటప్పుడు ఆహార పదార్ధాలు పండ్ల మధ్యన పడి చిన్నవిగా చేయబడతాయి. అందువలన జీర్ణద్రవాలలోని ఎంజైమ్లు బాగా పనిచేసి ఆహారాన్ని సులభంగా జీర్ణించుకోవడానికి ఉపయోగపడతాయి. ఈ ప్రక్రియలో నాలుక మరియు బుగ్గలు సహకరిస్తాయి. నమలడం పూర్తయేసరికి ఆహారం మెత్తగా మారి లాలాజలంతో కలిసి ముద్దలాగా తయారౌతుంది. కార్బోహైడ్రేట్లు కొంతవరకు ...
I find myself in the middle of a huge blowup between Max Keiser and Tom Woods over Mises, Menger and Austrian economics and feel that this is an opportune moment to express some doubts I have regarding contemporary Austrian methodology. I am to some extent an Austrian, on three counts. First, I subscribe to the notion that…
I find myself in the middle of a huge blowup between Max Keiser and Tom Woods over Mises, Menger and Austrian economics and feel that this is an opportune moment to express some doubts I have regarding contemporary Austrian methodology. I am to some extent an Austrian, on three counts. First, I subscribe to the notion that…
Time course of normal and FES-generated force.(A) Averaged force during FES (red) and normal (black) sessions with matched targets (monkey T). Pink and gray rec
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The forces that hold atoms together are the electrical force and the strong force, which is stronger than the electrical force. The electrical force does the majority of the work of holding atoms...
Linear, Cubic and Quintic Coordinate-Dependent Forces and Kinematic Characteristics of a Spring-Mass System. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Did USAF highball Space Force cost?; And a bit more". Retrieved 30 September 2020. Modernising Defence ... "Permanent Joint Headquarters". Armed Forces. Retrieved 22 May 2014. "Armed Forces - m06 - Permanent Joint Headquarters(PJHQ) - ... the Joint Rapid Reaction Forces. The JRRFs were to be "a pool of highly capable force elements, maintained at high and very ... In January 2013, the PJHQ was considering the launch of a show of force amid the Argentina-UK conflict over the Falkland ...
Hardness: Force required to deform the product to a given distance, i.e., force to compress between molars, bite through with ... Uniformity of bite: Evenness of force through bite. Uniformity of chew: Degree to which the chewing characteristics of the ... Viscosity: Force required to draw a liquid from a spoon over the tongue. Wetness: Amount of moisture perceived on product's ... It is evaluated from initial perception on the palate, to first bite, through chewing to swallowing and aftertaste. In wine- ...
... the lowest bite force belongs to the predatory polar bear, which feeds largely on blubber, and the highest bite force belongs ... Their wide, short jaws could generate enormous bite force. It is not certain how this force was used by the living animal; a ... Shortened jaws with high bite forces are found in other mammals like Gelada baboons that eat grasses but evolved from non- ...
"Gameplanet joins forces with Mighty Ape". Gameplanet. Retrieved 28 July 2017. "A bit about Mighty Ape". ...
Kalnagini was not eager to bite Lakshinder; Manasa forced her to do so. To get back her husband's life from the Gods in the ... It was the custom that anyone who died of snake-bite was not cremated in the usual way but was allowed to float on a raft down ... After she bit Lakshinder, Lakshinder shouted aloud. Behula woke up and saw kalnagini slithering out of the room. In anger, she ... When Kalnagini was going to bite Lakshinder, she saw that Behula had committed no sin for which she might be given such a harsh ...
Animals which must exert powerful bite forces, such as crocodiles, often have rigid skulls with little or no kinesis, for ... Erickson, Gregory M.; Lappin, A. Kristopher; Vliet, Kent A. (March 2003). "The ontogeny of bite-force performance in American ... A comparative analysis of ontogenetic bite-force scaling among Crocodylia. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. OCLC 933599403.CS1 ... It is thought that this helps absorb the force of impact as the hare strikes the ground. Snake skull Notes Kardong, Kenneth V ...
Late on August 21, tropical storm force winds were observed in Bermuda with some gusts above hurricane force. In response to ... Michael MacDonald (August 24, 2009). "Bill all bluster, no bite". The Canadian Press. Archived from the original on August 27, ... "Hurricane forces rower to abandon Atlantic crossing". CBC News. August 19, 2009. Retrieved August 19, 2009. Agence France- ... Adam Lisberg and Rich Schaprio (August 21, 2009). "Hurricane Bill forces city to close beaches in Queens, Brooklyn and Staten ...
"Bite club: Comparative bite force in big biting mammals and the prediction of predatory behaviour in fossil taxa". Proceedings ... Bite force adjusted for body weight in Newtons per kilogram[16] Canid Carnassial Canine ... A study of the estimated bite force at the canine teeth of a large sample of living and fossil mammalian predators, when ... Christiansen, Per; Wroe, Stephen (2007). "Bite Forces and Evolutionary Adaptations to Feeding Ecology in Carnivores". Ecology. ...
Tegus defend themselves using their powerful jaws, which can exert forces of up to 1000N. A bite from an adult tegu can crush ... Bite Force, Behavior, and Electromyography in the Teiid Lizard, Tupinambis teguixin. Copeia. No. 1:111-119. Pianka, E.R., Vitt ... 680-685 Haddad, V; Duarte, MR; Neto, DG (2008). "Tegu (teiu) bite: report of human injury caused by a Teiidae lizard". ...
"Italian air force faces tough 12 months as cash cuts bite." Flight International, 11 January 1995. "Italy cuts projects to ... It was also previously operated by the Italian Air Force (AMI) and the Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF). The Tornado ADV was ... 171 built for the Royal Air force (RAF) and Royal Saudi Air Force (RSAF). Tornado EF3 Unofficial designation for F3 aircraft ... An expeditionary force composed of No. 43 (F) and No. 111 (F) Squadrons (known as Leuchars Fighter Wing) was deployed to the ...
The Oakland Tribune gave the book a good review, calling it an "... amusing, shocking and biting novel ...." They felt it was a ... through force of rare skill, lifts the reader from his chair." By the end of November 1928, Updegraff was visiting the United ...
Herrel , Holáňová (2008). "Cranial morphology and bite force in Chamaeleolis lizards - Adaptations to molluscivory?". Zoology. ...
An iguana's bite force can result in injury to other males; this leads the weaker male to flee from the fight and abort his ... Bite-force performance predicts dominance in males and who sires more offspring. Male dominance correlates with a large ... the dominant colour as such lizards have a larger size and bite force so they can ward off competing males in order to mate ... It is common for neck biting to occur while the snakes are entwined. In the species Japanese striped snake (Elaphe ...
"Reality bites: An oral history of The Lofters". The Grid, August 7, 2013. "Record number of voters force Calgary man off show ...
Finally the four forces engage in battles against each other, thinking the others are the enemies in front of the Crossovers' ... The Crossovers leave the Enfier home; Andata is then called outside by Baron Corpescu who bites her but he can not drink her ... P:pc joins forces with the evil Imperatrix. Eradika arrives during the battle between the army and the Bellekosin. Gash ... Nobody says anything to each other about the identities of the attacking forces; Carter orders them to come back to the house ...
Unbeknownst to Mark, his assistant has been bitten by one of the zombies. If he tells the truth, Mark tells him to go away, and ... Where they decide to fix the car, a force separates them. The assistant reaches a cave, where a man named Illinois, resembling ... If the assistant tells the truth about his bite, he is shot. If no, then they were given a peanut butter and jelly sandwich (PB ... Meanwhile at Fort Brannagan, the only zombie-proof area, they are being inspected for bites. ...
Relative to its size, its bite force is stronger than any Carnivoran. Its bite force is predicted to measure 80-100 Newtons ... It kills its prey by delivering a forceful bite to the skull. ... with which it delivers a powerful bite to kill its prey. Birds ...
Charlie Asher is referenced several times in Bite Me: A Love Story. Author's own website for the book, including excerpt of ... He only gradually realizes the ramifications of this business as clues and complications unfold, and the forces of darkness ... Orcus: Husband of the Morrigan, and powerful force of darkness. A few characters from Moore's earlier novels participate in ... retrieving souls of the dying and protecting them from the forces of the underworld, while he manages his store and raises his ...
Its bite force is estimated between 1,240-4,749 N (279-1,068 lbf). Argentina portal Fish portal Paleontology portal Live ... "Mega-Bites: Extreme jaw forces of living and extinct piranhas (Serrasalmidae)". Scientific Reports. 2: 1009. doi:10.1038/ ...
Enamel is as brittle as glass and yet it can constantly withstand bite forces during chewing as high as 1,000 N many times a ... Braun, S.; Bantleon, H. P.; Hnat, W. P.; Freudenthaler, J. W.; Marcotte, M. R.; Johnson, B. E. (1995). "A study of bite force, ... upon the enamel is not needed to produce them since they occur in impacted third molars that are not affected by biting forces ...
However, cracking of the tooth can be used as a diagnostic tool for predicting bite force. Additionally, enamel fractures can ... "Fracture in teeth-a diagnostic for inferring bite force and tooth function". Biological Reviews. 86 (4): 959-974. doi:10.1111/j ... Rodent incisors are used for cutting wood, biting through the skin of fruit, or for defense. This allows for the rate of wear ... If present these can cause problems as they can interfere with the horse's bit contact. Therefore, wolf teeth are commonly ...
... but this is not easy since her family constantly try to force her to adhere to their ancient customs. Sick of being forced to ... He is a bit of a heartbreaker in EastEnders early years, but he eventually has his heart broken in return, when his middle-aged ... He feels he is in a dead-end career with the police force and so he decides to leave to work for a security firm. Dr Legg then ... Mary is forced to spend Christmas Day in hospital so Annie can be monitored. Chris desperately tries to make amends for his ...
Aimee Dewitt (28 July 2016). "The Brigadier Who's Done His Bit For Army Restructuring". Forces TV. Archived from the original ... the commander was responsible for a large multi-national UN force as well as having responsibility for all forces in FRY. The ... each with two task force headquarters. These task forces could command any grouping of units from within their division and ... However, Task Force Hotel reverted to its Brigade designation on 1 January 1980 and its units were realigned under the Brigade ...
He tries to force it off. She bites and scratches him, and he slaps her. Realizing what he has done, he tries to apologize, but ... Chapter 4 Atiq is patrolling a sanctuary, seizing men and forcing them to join the assembled faithful. During Maghreb prayer, ...
The BiTEs force the tumor and T cells together. Usually BiTE is too large to cross the blood-brain barrier, but as CAR-T cells ... BiTEs contains two molecular arms, one which catches an antigen EGFR target on the tumour cells and the other locates a CD3 ... Maus has used CRISPR-Cas9 to develop the CAR-T cells that incorporate a molecule called Bi-specific T-cell engager (BiTE). Bi- ... can pass through, they can produce the BiTE inside the brain. Maus is on the leadership team of MicroMedicine, a start-up which ...
By then, he was 41 and the Air Force did not have space for any more officers in the upper ranks. He made the decision to give ... 8-Bit Theater. Archived from the original on 22 February 2009. Retrieved 24 December 2009. CS1 maint: ... In order to serve in the Vietnam War, he gave up the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Air Force Reserve and became a chief ... He left the service for a brief time due to reductions in force after the war, and he settled in Fort Walton Beach, Florida to ...
40-bit addresses were used, going to full 64-bit addresses later. The integer unit had 32, 64-bit-wide registers. The floating ... Inserted instructions were forced into a flow by a coprocessor. Inserted load and store were used for direct memory access (DMA ... At that time, the 32-bit Intel 80486 ran at 50 MHz and 50 MFlops. When the 64-bit DEC Alpha was introduced in 1992, it ran at ... Sixty-four 64-bit wide registers were included. The following example of KSR assembly performs an indirect procedure call to an ...
Cardwell, Paul (28 April 2015). "Scottish first aiders to teach how to treat snake bites". third Force News. Retrieved 30 ...
Christiansen, Per; Wroe, Stephen (2007). "Bite Forces and Evolutionary Adaptations to Feeding Ecology in Carnivores". Ecology. ...
"EliteXC and Cage Rage Championships Join Forces". 2007. Archived from the original on 19 June 2008. Retrieved 19 ... Biting.. *Hair pulling.. *Fish hooking.. *Groin attacks of any kind.. *Putting a finger into any orifice or into any cut or ...
... forcing the residents out of their settlements in the region. Villages in the marshes were attacked and burnt down and there ...
Wills had a heart attack in 1962 and a second one the next year, which forced him to disband the Playboys although Wills ... a bit more than a hundred miles due north in Hall County) ..." ...
In total 36 forces have sent 412 detectives, uniformed officers and police staff." (BBC) This asserts notability. --PFHLai 14: ... I'm a bit on the fence though, so if someone else adds it, I won't object. -- tariqabjotu 13:58, 25 December 2006 (UTC) ... UPDATED: Fighters of the Islamic Courts Union leave Mogadishu as Ethiopian-backed forces close in. --TheFEARgod (Ч) 12:14, 28 ... I do see quite a bit of international attention, as it's a top story of al-Jazeera and covered in the Jerusalem Post, among ...
Dermatology task force articles. *Puberty. Hidden categories: *Pages containing links to subscription-only content ...
Separate from the football debate, it does seem to me that there is a bit too much flattery going on in regards to the ... I have added some sources and was forced to remove some photos to make the page look presentable. MiamiDolphins3 17:08, 8 ... but I think that some of the text here goes a bit overboard, and the citations don't necessarily back up the claims. For ...
For now I've found this: This turns out to not be the correct notion of equivalence for knots - it would force all tame knots ... This is maybe a bit of a quibble, but I don't think "concept" is the right word for topology in the sense of a collection of ... And the citation process for the two is a bit different. For the concept of topology, one can cite the definition from Munkres ... Comprehensive articles may be forced to use abstract language because that language is the only language available to give a ...
They bite only when provoked or accidentally stepped upon; bites are small and usually painless. The venom appears to be able ... The physical principle behind this is that the force required to accelerate the water through the orifice produces a reaction ... No antidote is known, but if breathing can be kept going artificially, patients recover within 24 hours.[136][137] Bites have ... All species are venomous, but only blue-ringed octopuses have venom that is lethal to humans.[135] Bites are reported each year ...
Use of Military Force Against Iraq *^ "US Democratic hopeful Kucinich meets Assad, blasts Bush". The Jerusalem ... a Capitol Hill cafeteria for damages after a 2008 incident in which he claimed to have suffered a severe injury when he bit ... The Cleveland Trust Company suddenly required all of the city's debts be paid in full, which forced the city into default, ... Kucinich voted against the authorization of military force against Iraq in 2002. He has also voted consistently against funding ...
Interested citizens forced a non-binding public quorum that was held parallel to the federal election, asking whether Tegel ... "Erste Komparsenübung am BER wird verschoben" [bit-player test run will be delayed]. Retrieved 15 April 2020.. ... By 19 May 2014 Siemens had not yet designed the wire harnesses.[244] These problems are forcing the initial construction budget ... In 1946, the headquarters of the Soviet Air Forces moved to Schönefeld from Johannisthal Air Field. ...
institutions like state DNR's perpetuate it, if you search just a bit.--Wuerzele (talk) 16:25, 13 June 2016 (UTC). Sorry, I ... I was wondering if anyone knows how to force cyanobacteria to produce Hydrogen. I was told all you have to do is sulfur starve ... If someone knows more (or even a bit) about the lichen story, I'd encourage you to add the info to the endosymbiont article, ... Atomic force microscopy of Precambrian microscopic fossils Kempe A, Schopf JW, Altermann W, Kudryavtsev AB, Heckl WM ...
Aviation accident task force, Medicine, and Molecular and Cellular Biology. I helped create Wikipedia:WikiProject Short article ... Yes, a bit geeky.. My Userboxes. This user is an administrator on the English Wikipedia. (verify). ...
Her identity is uncovered, and she is forced to fight one of the members of the Sigma Force. Real robots are revealed to have ... " / "Goku, Dead!? 'I Bit the Dust.'". Transcription: "Gokū Shōmetsu!? Ora wa Shinjimatta" (Japanese: 悟空消滅!?オラは死んじまっただ). Takeo ... Myuu and forced him to create a body for him. Vegeta tries to stop Baby, and has the upper hand, but Goten shows up, and he is ... Goku is forced to enter the Junior Division, since he is a child again; when he asks Mr. Satan about this, he states it is ...
Special Forces teams take down the Sleepers at the food processing plant and at the engraving bureau. Sean, Vicky, Sterling, ... ", "Outsourced" and "Love Bites"". The Futon Critic. May 7, 2010. Retrieved May 30, 2010 ... Meanwhile, Sean is shot by one of the assassins who survived the explosion, forcing Leila to kidnap a doctor to perform surgery ... Thomas forced him to leave her. They met again ten years earlier in Washington, D.C. before she died of old age. The team ...
Lonesome Crow • Fly to the Rainbow • In Trance • Virgin Killer • Taken by Force • Lovedrive • Animal Magnetism • Blackout • ... Tokyo Tapes • World Wide Live • Live Bites • Acoustica. Kompilace. The Best of Scorpions Vol. 1 • The Best of Scorpions Vol. 2 ...
Fish are caught with a fishing line by encouraging a fish to bite on a fish hook. A fish hook will pierce the mouthparts of a ... The line stretch has advantages, such as dampening the force when setting the hook and when fighting strong fish. On very far ... bite protection - it is extremely hard for fish to cut the steel wire, regardless of jaw and teeth strength and sharpness, ...
So you say stuff like forced busing, states' rights and all that stuff. You're getting so abstract now [that] you're talking ...
Physically, activated carbon binds materials by van der Waals force or London dispersion force. ... doi:10.1002/bit.10691. PMID 12800142.. *^ Narbaitz RM, Karimi-Jashni A (2009). "Electrochemical regeneration of granular ... The gas is attracted to the carbon material via Van der Waals forces. Some carbons have been able to achieve bonding energies ... It is an important indicator of activated carbon to maintain its physical integrity and withstand frictional forces. There are ...
They also appear to enjoy biting the vortex-rings, so that they burst into many separate bubbles and then rise quickly to the ... This adaptation allows the chest to compress during deep dives as opposed to resisting the force of water pressure.[11] ...
The main weapon in all crocodiles is the bite, which can generate very high bite force. Many species also possess canine-like ... "Insights into the Ecology and Evolutionary Success of Crocodilians Revealed through Bite-Force and Tooth-Pressure ... When at rest, the turtle can retract the limbs into the body cavity and force air out of the lungs. When the turtle protracts ... Some species try to bite immediately. Some will use their heads as sledgehammers and literally smash an opponent, some will ...
Why does 10-bit save bandwidth (even when content is 8-bit)? ... "Internet Engineering Task Force. Retrieved 5 March 2013.. *^ ... In signal processing, data compression, source coding,[1] or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits ... If 16-bit integers are generated, then the range of the analog signal is divided into 65,536 intervals. ... As a result, speech can be encoded at high quality using a relatively low bit rate. ...
Zadik Y, Levin L (February 2009). "Oral and facial trauma among paratroopers in the Israel Defense Forces". Dental Traumatology ... Zadik Y, Levin L (February 2009). "Does a free-of-charge distribution of boil-and-bite mouthguards to young adult amateur ... Self-moulded/ Boil and bite *Limited range of sizes, which may result in poor fitting ... Encourage the patient to bite on a handkerchief to hold the tooth in position. ...
The peak biting times for many mosquito species are dusk to dawn. However, A. aegypti, one of the mosquitoes that transmits ... The historian J. R. McNeill asserts that yellow fever accounted for about 35,000 to 45,000 casualties of these forces during ... The disease is caused by yellow fever virus and is spread by the bite of an infected female mosquito.[3] It infects only humans ... Yellow fever virus is mainly transmitted through the bite of the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti, but other mostly Aedes ...
Gorton liked to portray himself as a man of the people who enjoyed a beer and a gamble, with a bit of a "larrikin" streak about ... Gorton enlisted in the Royal Australian Air Force in 1940, and served as a fighter pilot in Malaya and New Guinea during the ... On 31 May 1940, following the outbreak of World War II, Gorton enlisted in the Royal Australian Air Force Reserve.[13] At the ... They arrived back in Singapore, on 11 February, three days after the island had been invaded.[21] As the Allied air force units ...
Keokuk and the Sac and Fox National Council forced the Commission to agree to 160 acres (0.65 km2; 0.25 sq mi) per person, ... Porcupine might have embellished a bit. Some abandoned their work in favor of the dancing. Agent Ashley tried to put a halt to ... The report contains a section on the Pawnee participation in the Ghost Dance, which promised to bring a new messiah to force ... Jerome warned that failure to acquiesce would force the government to employ the Dawes Act . The Iowa felt that allotment and ...
"China one-child policy leads to forced abortions, mothers' deaths". Los Angeles Times. June 15, 2012. Retrieved August 29, 2012 ... "Global food crisis looms as climate change and fuel shortages bite". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 18, 2013.. CS1 ... Some population control programs, such as China's one-child policy, entail the use of forced late-term abortions, sparking ...
Bit endianness[edit]. Bit numbering is a concept similar to endianness, but on a level of bits, not bytes. Bit endianness or ... For the fictional characters in Gulliver's Travels who want to force everyone to break the tops of their eggs at the big end, ... which bit should travel first, the bit from the little end of the word, or the bit from the big end of the word? The followers ... a 32-bit memory location with content 4A 00 00 00 can be read at the same address as either 8-bit (value = 4A), 16-bit (004A), ...
Outside Forces[edit]. Although there are aspects that can determine a consumer's shopping behavior, there are many outside ... 42 force consumers to pay more attention to the right digits (the 2 and 5) to determine the discount received. This effect also ...
The mandibular body resists torsion from the bite force or chewing, meaning their jaws could produce unusually powerful ... Foot stability enhances the efficiency of force transfer between the leg and the foot and vice versa, and is implicated in the ... The left foot OH 8 seems to have been bitten off by a crocodile,[41] possibly Crocodylus anthropophagus,[42] and the leg OH 35 ...
Still, it WAS accurate and cited, (and involved a fair bit of work to make the new symbol) so I paste the cut text here if ... This article has been reviewed as part of Wikipedia:WikiProject Good articles/Project quality task force in an effort to ensure ... Sorry about that, got confused and was sttressing out a bit over an oral report at the time. Adam Cuerden talk 18:11, 5 October ... However I'm not sure what wiki's standard is about it being "current" but obviously the Dawn mission justifies that a bit, and ...
This study evidenced more force in the masseter muscles of men, which the authors attributed to muscle size, although this ... Amplitude variations and the pattern of muscular activation were evaluated during the maximum bite effort, determined by means ... demonstrating greater participation of the masseter muscles during the maximum bite and more muscular activation than in the ... transducer is an interesting and novel aspect due to the reproducibility of the maximum effort and the homogenization of force ...
Domina-i pe toti cei care te provoaca cu trasaturile distinctive ale lui Bite Force: prindere si ridicare. Arma de ridicare se ... Microrobot BITE FORCE (impinge si ataca), BattleBots - Hexbug. Este timpul ca robotii sa se lupte! Acum a venit timpul ca ... Home Jucarii>Jucarii interactive>Jucarii electronice>Hexbug>Microrobot BITE FORCE (impinge si ataca), BattleBots - Hexbug ... Domina-i pe toti cei care te provoaca cu trasaturile distinctive ale lui Bite Force: prindere si ridicare. Arma de ridicare se ...
Bite Force is the 2018 BattleBots champion! Paul Ventimiglia and the APTYX Designs team pulled off a thrilling win over the ... Bite Force Wins With Parts from Big Blue Saw Details Written by Super User Parent Category: Big Blue Saw Blog Created: 11 ... In case you missed the news (or just watch BattleBots on Science Channel): Bite Force is the 2018 BattleBots champion! ... How Bite Force the BattleBot Was Built with Help From Big Blue Saw ...
T-Scan® System: Bite Force Dynamics. Tekscan, Inc. The T-Scan is a diagnostic device that records your patients bite force ... the T-Scan puts you in control of the treatment sequence by providing the percentage of force distribution for a patients bite ... Dentists all over the world are using the T-Scan to protect their cosmetic cases from harmful forces, ensuring proper implant ... dynamics, including occlusal force, location and timing. The patented sensor technology was developed at MIT and Tufts ...
Bite Force (S2) Robot: Bite Force Type: Bar spinner (vertical) Team: Aptyx Designs Paul Ventimiglia (Captain), Teena Liu ( ...
Bite Force was a tracked robot armed with a grabbing jaw so it could lift and even overturn opposing robots. It also had ... Bite Force is a heavyweight robot which has competed in every season of the BattleBots reboot. It was built by Paul Ventimiglia ... Bite Force takes Blacksmith to the screws in the final seconds.. the top of Bite Force, but Bite Force was able to flip ... Bite Force almost flips Warhead.. Bite Forces first round match was against Warhead. Bite Force was able to avoid Warheads ...
... at bite position 3, the measured and predicted bite forces are almost identical; at bite position 1, the predicted bite force ... The bite forces predicted by this model, however, were consistently well below the in vivo forces [11]. To generate bite forces ... Bite force measurements. In vivo bite forces were recorded for T1 (an adult female, skull length = 88 mm, snout-vent length = ... The in vivo bite force measurements yielded maximum values of 211 N for a front bite and 314 N for a lateral bite. These two ...
Find details about China Bite Force Tester, Kids Nipple Tester from Bite Force Tester Simulate The Child′s Teeth - Shenzhen ... China Bite Force Tester Simulate The Child′s Teeth, ... Bite Force Tester Simulate The Child′s Teeth Bite Force Tester ... Bite Force Tester, Kids Nipple Tester, Child′s Teeth Force Tester manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Bite Force Tester ... bite force tester simulate the child's teeth. Bite force tester is used to simulate the child's teeth test the ...
The subjects regained electromyographic activity, maximum bite force, and mandibular mobility throughout the period evaluated. ... 0.01 and for maximum molar bite force in the right (group I, P=0.00; group II, P=0.01) and left (group II, P=0.01) molar ... The maximum bite force was measured using a dynamometer and mandibular mobility using a calliper. The electromyographic ... This study evaluated the bite force, electromyographic activity, and mandibular mobility in patients undergoing surgery for ...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential effect of the gum chewing exercise on the maximum bite force (MBF) in adult ... Effects of gum chewing exercise on maximum bite force according to facial morphology ... Effects of gum chewing exercise on maximum bite force according to facial morphology ... MBF was measured by a portable occlusal force gauge and lateral cephalogram was used for evaluation of craniofacial morphology ...
The SSTMD group showed a smaller bite force than the controls (P , 0.05). In the control group, bite force was negatively ... Muscle thickness, bite force, and craniofacial dimensions in adolescents with signs and symptoms of temporomandibular ... In the SSTMD group, there were positive correlations for masseter and bite force, and anterior and posterior dimensions. ... The findings indicate that muscle thickness influences facial dimensions and bite force in adolescents with SSTMD. ...
A study of bite force and various variables in children segreted by Angles classification. Sarabjeet Singh, Navreet Sandhu,Rita ... An Innovative Miniature Bite Force Recorder and its clinical applications. Sarabjeet Singh, Ashok K Utreja, Navreet Sandhu, ... A Study of EMG avtivity of Masseter and Temporalis muscles and maximum bite force in Patients with various Malocclusions. ... Malocclusion and Attrition- An electromyographic and bite force study.. *Sarabjeet Singh, Navreet Sandhu, Rita Kashyap. Lambart ...
As well as being forced to issue refunds, the terms of the settlement stop Sony from making similarly misleading advertising ... Sony forced to offer Vita refunds due to misleading ads. Written by David Hing ...
This is the third volume in Vampisouls R&B Hipshakers series, featuring rockin R&B and early soul from the King/Federal/DeLuxe catalog. "Here are 20 under-exposed R&B songs that, assembled into a package, entice you to have a party. Here is what Vampisoul dug: Drummer Cozy Coles cymbals on Cozys Mambo. The same track would come out again three years later on Kings Bethlehem subsidiary as Cozy and Bossa to capitalize on the burgeoning bossa nova craze. New Orleans native Linda Hopkins wails on Mama Needs Your Lovin Baby and the clippety-cloppety rhythm of Earl Kings Old Faithful and True Love, is one of the earliest recordings on here, from 1955 (NB: This is Earl Connelly King, not the better-known New Orleans singer-songwriter-guitarist Earl King). Then theres the galloping tempo of Shes Mine, by the rock & roll cowboy, Joe Tex -- just his third solo single out of several zillion. The whistled response to Mel Williams lead vocals on Send Me a Picture Baby, and practically ...
Bite Force. Use the motorized weapons to break off their armor, because the last bot standing wins. Includes two infrared ... Bite Force. Use the motorized weapons to break off their armor, because the last bot standing wins. Includes two infrared ...
Can I Force 32 Bit? AMD Radeon Software Discussion and Support ... AA Does not Work On Any Catalyst in 16-bit, ... AA Does not Work On Any Catalyst in 16-bit, Can I Force 32 Bit? ... AA Does not Work On Any Catalyst in 16-bit, Can I Force 32 Bit? ... Can I get a tweaker or something to froce 16-bit colour to 32-bit colour or something so that AntiAliasing can kick in? What is ... How do I force PC-667 and PC-800 kits to work together?. xCLAVEx. General Hardware. 29. Dec 5, 2010 12:21 AM. ...
One small downside Ive noticed? The display light is not as bright as the force and can be a bit harder to read outside on a ... Rashes and Recalls: Fitbit Force Bites The Dust (Plus Brief Fitbit One Review) ... Zip finally bit the dust this past month and now I am a visible crazypants with the Flex. I have to say, I like all the visible ... But they dont seem to have a Next Generation Force out there yet to replace it with. And it belatedly occurred to me that a ...
One small downside Ive noticed? The display light is not as bright as the force and can be a bit harder to read outside on a ... Rashes and Recalls: Fitbit Force Bites The Dust (Plus Brief Fitbit One Review) ... Zip finally bit the dust this past month and now I am a visible crazypants with the Flex. I have to say, I like all the visible ... But they dont seem to have a Next Generation Force out there yet to replace it with. And it belatedly occurred to me that a ...
Those in foster homes are usually forced to carry the whole burden of household chores without rest. They must fetch water, ... Many under-aged refugee girls have been forced into marriages for the benefit of the foster families. They are considered a ... The circumstances of refugee life force many refugee children into adult lifestyles. Many households are child-headed either ... Beasts of burden: Unaccompanied refugee children biting more than they can swallow ...
Canadian ISPs forced to filter P2P Smaller ISPs in Canada are finding that their wholesale connections are being managed due ... IDF FALL 2008: Pat Gelsinger spent quite a bit of his keynote talking about Nehalems new power management technology known as ...
Woman Arrested For Biting Car Roof So Hard She Left Teeth Marks ... Nancy Pelosi Slams Mitch McConnell: Not A Force For Good ... There was a bit of an argument and she sunk her teeth into the part of the car above the window. I could hear metal crunching. ... A woman In Britain was arrested following a roadside argument in which she allegedly bit into the roof of a car so hard, she ... When the people in the car looked up they could see Jeremiah biting into the roof above them and heard what sounded like "loud ...
Tigers bite force is about twice that of a lion. Tiger has a Stronger Bite Force than a Lion. The bite force for the lion is ... Jaguars bite force isnt stronger than Tiger, Jaguars bite force only stronger in pound for pound. Tiger bite force is the ... The bite force of a lion is 357 pounds and bite force of a tiger is 392. Does the name Hachiko ring a bell? Akita Inu Bite ... The bite force in an average Rottweiler is 328 pounds per square inch. 7 8 9. I think a tiger has a stronger bite force, or is ...
... Remember that pup is still very young and learning a lot. With this enormous about of bite force, the ... This enormous about of bite force of a long line of behaviors a dog is. The use of which pomeranian bite force not always been ... Measuring the exact bite force of dogs gets very complicated. White Pomeranian puppy "Milo" at Forces Pomeranian. If when ... The pomeranian bite force and lead them out of the room to prepare a bottle, and website in this for. Bite is at the same thing ...
This collar is much needed because wolf bite force is around 400 PSI and some say that a wolf can bite with a force od 1200 PSI ... Spectacled Caiman Bite Force: It just needs to be required a steak with 150 to 200 psi to tear and the Spectacled caiman bite ... and cost effectively measure the bite force of lizards end! Of 8 to 12 inches long also peak at this time savannah monitor bite ... which again makes savannah monitor bite force.. Not force handle it when it is young Science Projects Sound Science Experiments ...
... compared to other dogs and animals. Cane corso bite force 700 psi kangal bite force 743 psi. Thats some ... The bite force values given speak of only the capability to produce that much force. The English Mastiff has a bite force of ... Adult Cane Corsos biting force is 700 PSI(Pound-force per square inch). Bite Force - 743 PSI. Its perfectly normal for a dog ... Maximum bite force: 743 PSI. Adult Cane Corsos biting force is 700 PSI(Pound-force per square inch). It has often been said ... is intended for educational, informative and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended to replace your Dental Visit. Only a proper dental Checkup by a professional in person can help diagnose the problem you are suffering from and help give you the required treatment. You should always understand that a Patient to Doctor interaction is the only way to properly diagnose the problem and decide its cure.. ...
... and its serving up both sights and bites. ... GAME ON! FORCES OF NATURE. Buy your ticket to the hottest (and ... Bien Trucha Group has opened a new restaurant on Water Street, and its serving up both sights and bites. ...
German shepherd Bite Force - 238 PSI American Bulldog Bite Force - 305 PSI Cane Corso Bite Force - 700 PSI Kangal Bite Force - ... A German Shepherd bite force is 238 psi while coyotes bite force is 153 psi, which is somehow similar to the bite force of a ... 63 kph and a dog bite force, can vary greatly bites with force... A typical male German Shepherd bite force of 238 pounds … ... American Bull Dog Bite Force - 305 PSI. Rottweiler Bite Force - 328 PSI. Of the 12 Rotts used, they took an average bite force ...
Kerry says Biden poised to issue executive order to force banks and investors to reveal climate exposure President Joe Biden is ... Existing-home sales tumble to 2017 low as supply crunch bites Published: Aug. 24, 2017 at 10:39 a.m. ET By Andrea Riquier. ...
Forced to quit. It was learned that BJP national leadership had used arm-twisting-tactics against VK Sasikala and forced her to ... The family will keep quiet, and the AIADMK will fall on its own weight and arrogance and then no one can force her to stay away ... Sasikala may reenter politics if AIADMk bites dust. V.K. Sasikala, the former state general secretary of AIADMK and once ... in a dramatic statement said she may stage a comeback if the ruling party in the state bites the dust. ...
करण जोहर ने अपनी फिल्म "गुंजन सक्सेना" में इंडियन एयर फ़ोर्स ( indian air force ) की छवि को किया खराब ,. October 19, 2020. - by ... indian air force indian erotic web series indian festival indian healthy breakfast indian shows indian sweets indian web series ... forced signature supreme court fried momos Fried Potato Omelette gajendra chauhan gandhi jayanti gandi baat gandi baat season 5 ...
... - Feb 01, 2012 - Essemtec USA, Ltd. ... The single force-path sequences of a placement process can then be analyzed and broken down to individual placement heads and ... The force measurement begins as soon as the nozzle touches the substrates surface. Afterwards, the measured values are stored ... Now Available - Placing Force Measurement Option on FLX2011. New technologies such as package on package (PoP) component ...
... - Feb 12, 2019 - Firgelli ... Now saving clients time, money, and costly errors that come from using the wrong force calculation, the free Force Calculator ... While the Firgelli Actuator Force Calculator is popularly used for Linear Actuator force, this calculator can also be used for ... "Its common for most customers to be unsure of the force required to push or pull their applications - we encounter this ...
Army Rapid Equipping Force Orders Defenshield DS-192 MDFPs - Mar 27, 2007 - Defenshield, Inc. ... U.S. Army Rapid Equipping Force Orders Defenshield DS-192 MDFPs Defenshield, Inc. Mar 27, 2007 ... The units requested are similar to other Defenshield units deployed by the Pentagon Force Protection Agency, DoJ, DHS, the DoD ... received an initial delivery order from the U.S. Armys Rapid Equipping Force (REF) for 50 Mobile Defensive Fighting Positions ...
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  • In case you missed the news (or just watch BattleBots on Science Channel): Bite Force is the 2018 BattleBots champion! (
  • Bite Force is a heavyweight robot which has competed in every season of the BattleBots reboot. (
  • MBF was measured by a portable occlusal force gauge and lateral cephalogram was used for evaluation of craniofacial morphology in 19 individuals (7 males and 12 females) with a mean age of 25.4 years (SD ± 4.3). (
  • Impact of midface and upper face fracture on bite force, mandibular mobility, and electromyographic activity. (
  • This study evaluated the bite force, electromyographic activity, and mandibular mobility in patients undergoing surgery for facial fracture treatment that required a coronal approach. (
  • The subjects regained electromyographic activity, maximum bite force, and mandibular mobility throughout the period evaluated. (
  • The maximum bite force was measured using a dynamometer and mandibular mobility using a calliper. (
  • Effect of surgical treatment of mandibular fracture: electromyographic analysis, bite force, and mandibular mobility. (
  • Masticatory efficiency and bite force in individuals with normal occlusion. (
  • Bite force, electromyography, and mandible mobility during the 6-month period after surgical treatment for isolated fractures of the zygomatico-orbital complex. (
  • For Season 3, Bite Force didn't really change much externally, except for a chain guard after losing its weapon to Chomp last season. (
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential effect of the gum chewing exercise on the maximum bite force (MBF) in adult subjects with different facial morphologies. (
  • Bite Force was a tracked robot armed with a grabbing jaw so it could lift and even overturn opposing robots. (
  • Bite Force was originally going to be named Chompy , but it was changed when the team learned there was another robot in the competition named Chomp (The robot that defeated Bite Force in Season 2). (
  • So far, Bite Force has never been knocked out in its robot-fighting career, and has won every fight except a controversial judge's decision with Chomp. (
  • At first, Bite Force seemed to be the superior robot, as it was able to latch onto Overhaul for long periods of time. (
  • Bite Force's first round match was against Warhead . (
  • The match ended shortly after, and Bite Force was given the win by unanimous judge's decision as it dominated the fight. (
  • This match did not start off well for Bite Force, as HyperShock was able to gain the upper hand early and pushed Bite Force into the pulverizer. (
  • However, once righted, the match turned in Bite Force's favor. (
  • Bite Force and Overhaul traded blow after blow during their match. (
  • Internally, Bite Force was completely revamped as it dished out punishment in every fight it fought in, earning the championship for a second time. (
  • Bite Force once again destroyed the competition, even beating Tombstone in a rematch in the Semi-Finals, before going on to win another championship for a third time. (
  • However, with less than a minute to go, Bite Force was grappled by Overhaul and took two additional hits before time ran out. (
  • Since we anticipate three groups of patients, separate one-way ANOVAs will be used to compare the groups 1) on their bite forces (Newtons), 2) RMS values of the accompanying EMG activity (uV), and 3) on their slopes of the median frequency of the different muscles over time. (
  • Bite force quotient (BFQ) is the regression of the quotient of an animal's bite force in newtons divided by its body mass in kilograms. (
  • A team of researchers from George Washington University (Washington, District of Columbia, United States) visited the Amazon to study piranhas and other fish vertebrates, the bite force of the Black Piranha ( Serrasalmus rhombeus ) was calculated to be approximately 320 Newtons. (
  • The king of dinosaurs could bite down with a force of 7,800 pounds-force (34,522 newtons), a force equal to the weight of three small cars, the researchers found. (
  • For instance, scientists reported in 2012 that they had used digitally scanned T . rexskullsto make computer models, finding that the beast could bite with forces ranging from 7,868 to 12,814 pounds-force (35,000 to 57,000 newtons), Live Science previously reported . (
  • The 'winners'- saltwater crocodiles -slammed their jaws shut with 3,700 pounds per square inch (psi), or 16,460 newtons, of bite force. (
  • And while a 2008 computer model estimated that a 21-foot (6.5-meter) great white shark would produce nearly 4,000 psi (17,790 newtons) of bite force, that figure hasn't been directly measured. (
  • The estimates (6,410 to 13,400 N) rival the largest bite forces determined for any taxon to date and suggest that T. rex had very strong, impact-resistant teeth. (
  • The combination of impressive bite force and stout teeth set T. Rex apart,' lead author Paul Gignac, an assistant professor at Oklahoma State University, told AFP. (
  • Interestingly, the limit to T. Rex's bite force was probably not muscular, but the capacity of its teeth to withstand such intense stress. (
  • The strongest bite belongs to the saltwater crocodile, a Pacific ocean species that crunches down with 3,700 pounds of pressure, according to a new study led by Florida State University biology professor Greg Erickson, whose team strapped down 83 alligators and crocodiles and placed measuring devices between their teeth. (
  • That's thanks to the right combination of biting power plus blunt teeth that were serrated like steak knives, says Erickson. (
  • And as NPR's Nell Greenfieldboyce reports, scientists now think they know just how hard those teeth could bite. (
  • Large fillings destabilize teeth and, over time, biting forces of the opposing teeth can cause cracks, breakage, inflamed roots and pain. (
  • When a person chews, tremendous forces are exerted on the teeth. (
  • At any given moment, for example, many variables affect the force with which a dog will bite a person: the dog's motivation at the time of attack, head and jaw size, medical conditions, the condition and size of the teeth, past training and experience, victim behavior and victim familiarity. (
  • The large, sabre-like teeth of Smilodon (Sabre-Toothed Cat) were too fragile and likely to be damaged if this member of the Machairodontinae bit down onto bone. (
  • Bite force is generated by the interaction of the masticatory muscles, the mandibles and maxillae, the temporomandibular joints (TMJs), and the teeth. (
  • Palaeontologists have used studies of extinct animal's jaws and teeth to try and calculate the bite forces that these creatures could generate. (
  • The strength of the fish bite was due to a combination of factors according to the scientists, the shape and size of the teeth, the amount of muscle associated with the jaws and the ability of the jawbones to conduct huge forces through them as a result of their anatomical configuration. (
  • Tyrannosaurus rex could gnash and chomp its teeth together with such force that it could easily pulverize the bones of its prey, a new study finds. (
  • But the real damage T. rex inflicted came from its teeth, each of which could exert pressures reaching 431,000 pounds per square inch (2,974 megapascals), "which allowed T. rex to bite through and even shatter bone before consuming it," said lead study researcher Paul Gignac, an assistant professor of anatomy and vertebrate paleontology at the Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences. (
  • The American Alligator has a bite strength of 2125, sharp teeth, and powerful muscles to hold their prey. (
  • Variations in snouts and teeth arose later, fine-tuning that powerful bite for prey ranging from fish and snakes to birds, mammals, and even insects. (
  • These behaved much like teeth and delivered a devastating bite force. (
  • The data calculated by measuring the bite force was then used to assess the potential chomping power of a much larger, extinct species of piranha, fossils of which were found in Argentina. (
  • The extinct super-predator shared its world with enormous crocodiles and turtles, bigger big with a very strong bite was an important adaptation for survival. (
  • When body size is taken into account, the scientists working in conjunction colleagues from the Museum of La Plata (Argentina) and the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences, calculated that the bite forces generated by the Black Piranha and the extinct Megapiranha would have been bigger than those forces generated by Tyrannosaurus rex as well as the extinct Megalodon giant shark ( Carcharodon megalodon ). (
  • The bite force of M. paranensis was calculated by creating a bronze-alloy model of the jaw and using a computer programme to assess the power of the bite force generated when biting into vertebrate bone, turtle carapace or into the scales of catfish, organisms that this extinct fish could have attacked. (
  • The Downtown Albany Business Improvement District (BID) is proud to announce its new 2017 outdoor summer entertainment series, Bites Camera Action . (
  • That revelation comes as Boeing finally delivers the first KC-46 tanker to the Air Force, more than a year after the first batch of 18 was supposed to be delivered in August 2017 . (
  • On December 9th 2017, Social Bite organised the World's largest ever sleep out, and event called Sleep in the Park. (
  • The team spent countless hours wrestling with the reptiles at Florida 's St. Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park and getting them to bite a force transducer-a 'very expensive, very durable, waterproof bathroom scale that's padded with leather. (
  • Equipment is now available that will permit us to record simultaneously from the masseter and temporalis muscles, bilaterally, as well as the bite force from both sides of the mouth. (
  • Measuring the masticatory force of individuals has been widely used to understand the biomechanical principles of masticatory muscles and outcomes of prosthodontics treatments [ 3 ]. (
  • The authors made a prospective study in 17 healthy adult subjects of mandibular biomechanics by electromyographic analysis of the masseter muscles and the anterior region of the temporal muscle on both sides, left and right, during maximum bite effort. (
  • The researchers then took what they knew about crocodile jaw muscles and bite forces, and used that information to create detailed 3-D computer models that could reveal T. rex's chomping potential. (
  • Jaw closing muscles power an extraordinarily strong bite, with an estimated maximal bite force of over 4400 N at the jaw tip and more than 5300 N at the rear dental plates, for a large individual (6 m in total length). (
  • Dogs with oversized jaw muscles should exert more pressure when they bite because an animal's bite force is largely determined by the size of the jaw muscles. (
  • At first, to find the coordination pattern of masticatory muscles, surface electromyograms (EMGs) of masseter and temporal muscles were recoded and analyzed when normal subjects were asked to clench on condition that their bite force were regulated three-dimensionally. (
  • As s result, when bite force changed anteriorly, posteriorly and laterally, the activities of two muscles changed in reverse manners each other. (
  • Namely it became apparent that these muscles showed reciprocal activation pattern in the changes of bite force direction. (
  • But how strong a bite and indeed, how the jaw muscles evolved to permit such a gape have been the subject of a new study, the results of which have been published in this month's edition of the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. (
  • Bite force has been measured in vivo from anesthetized dogs by electrical stimulation of jaw adductor muscles, but this may not be reflective of volitional bite force during natural activity. (
  • In vitro bite forces have been estimated by calculation of the force produced using mechanical equations representing the jaw adductor muscles and of the mandible and skull structure Bite force can be estimated in silico using finite element analysis (FEA) of the computed model of the anatomical structures. (
  • Jaw muscles in Tyrannosaurus rex helped it generate an almost 8,000-lb. bite force and an astounding 431,000 lbs. per square inch of bone-crunching tooth pressures. (
  • Getting into the usual gym-based exercise is not always the best way to engage G-force because the exercises are often geared to strengthen mobilising muscles, capable of force, and not stabilising muscles (your core). (
  • It allows simulation of the forces produced by the masticatory muscles, the resulting bite forces and the reaction forces at the joints, as well as the movement of the jaws [ 1 - 3 ]. (
  • 11 ] suggested that inaccurate estimation of maximum muscle forces (e.g. owing to inaccurate values of muscle fibre length, muscle strength or the failure to consider the effects of pennation in highly pennate muscles) might explain the mismatch they found between predicted and measured bite forces. (
  • Masticatory load at the posterior regions and the masticatory force at the anterior regions of both jaws Comparison of the masticatory force among different groups in terms of craniofacial morphology revealed no significant differences. (
  • Tyrannosaurus rex jaws generated 8,000-pound bite forces and let the creature eat everything from duck-billed dinosaurs to triceratops. (
  • The bladed jaws of predators such as Dunkleosteus suggest that these animals were the first vertebrates to use rapid mouth opening and a powerful bite to capture and fragment evasive prey items prior to ingestion. (
  • Bite Force and Bite Pressure: Comparisons of Humans and Dogs T E Houston, PhD (2003) "Jaws of steel! (
  • They changed the name to Bite Force after the bite force quotient, which is used to measure crushing force in animal jaws. (
  • Bite Force struggled to right itself without the top of its jaws, only being able to right itself with help from HyperShock. (
  • The jaws were able to snap shut with about 8000 pounds of bite force per square inch. (
  • Experts say the Steodata nobilis, a species of the false widow, are becoming more common in the U.K. and are the most dangerous of the 12 species of biting spiders known in Britain. (
  • Erickson and his colleague Paul Gignac , of Oklahoma State University, initially looked at the bite forces produced by different crocodile species. (
  • GREENFIELDBOYCE: He's a biologist at Florida State University who has spent years testing the bite forces of different crocodiles species. (
  • Bite force was quantified for 13 species of North American rodents using a piezo-resistive sensor. (
  • Two additional species, Geomys bursarius (Geomyidae) and a Sciurus niger (Sciuridae), bit much harder for their size. (
  • Animal Planet: Which Shark Species Has the Strongest Bite? (
  • In comparative analyses in particular, differences in bite force between closely related species might indicate specialization of the jaw apparatus for an ecologically relevant task. (
  • Greg Erickson gauges the bite of an American alligator during tests of all living crocodilian species. (
  • Paleobiologist Gregory M. Erickson and colleagues put all 23 living crocodilian species through an unprecedented bite test. (
  • For every croc species, the transducer registered impressive power, suggesting that a big bite is at the heart of what it means to be a crocodilian, according to Erickson. (
  • Surprisingly, at least to Erickson, variations in the bite forces of croc species turn out to be largely based on body size. (
  • In our experiments we measured the seed husking time and the maximal bite force of two taxa of seed cracking birds. (
  • Husking time is related to maximal bite force in a highly non-linear way and differs between estrildids and fringillids. (
  • Fringillids with the same bite force as estrildids take less time to crack seeds, but only when the strength of the seed coat is close to their maximal bite force. (
  • The selective advantage of a small increase in maximal bite force may be related more to the decrease in husking time for seeds with hardness below the maximal bite force, than to the increase in range of seed hardness that the bird is able to crack. (
  • Does the Kangal Dog have the strongest bite force? (
  • OCDSportsGuy: Is it true that the Kangal Dog Breed has the strongest bite force out of all Domestic Dog Breeds? (
  • and the Strongest Bite Force out of all Canids? (
  • Cane Corso belongs to the dog breeds with the strongest bite force in the world. (
  • Beware, everybody - this article will contain huge, huge spoilers for Star Wars: The Force Awakens. (
  • Star Wars The Force Awakens is just about finishing up it's theatrical run around the world, and you won't have to wait long more to watch it again. (
  • For the first time, discover the complete story behind the making of The Force Awakens , revealed through in-depth footage and exclusive interviews with the actors and filmmakers in this feature documentary. (
  • We're just under a month away from The Force Awakens finally hitting the big screen, and Disney and Google have announced an amazing and unprecedented collaboration which allows fans to choose the Light Side or the Dark. (
  • The discovery of skeletal remains with bite marks from Tyrannosaurus rex 8 makes it possible to estimate, through indentation simulations on bovine ilia, the bite forces produced by T. rex during feeding. (
  • T he bone-crunching bite of Tyrannosaurus Rex was like no other, according to a study released on Wednesday that solidifies the fabled carnivore's reputation as the most fearsome of dinosaurs. (
  • It told patients in an announcement on its website: 'On the basis of these funding changes, the partners have been forced to conclude that, from 1 April 2018, we would not be able to deliver a fair and adequate service to our patients, who already face significant health inequalities. (
  • 12, 49- 52) bite force measurements were obtained in 22 medium to large sized dogs during tug-of-war play games using a rawhide coated transducer rod. (
  • SWIFT® Evo Wheel Force Transducer comes with new graphical user interface. (
  • Meeting SAE J267 and J328 standards, SWIFT® Evo Wheel Force Transducer is suitable for use in Road Load Data Acquisition (RDLA), tire tread wear simulation, suspension dynamics characterization, durability testing, and advanced simulation and modeling. (
  • Moreover, depending on the circumstances, dogs have the ability to purposely calibrate bite force (a trait some animal behaviorists referred to as "bite inhibition"), so bite pressure exerted in one instance may differ from the pressure exerted in another instance. (
  • In the only systematic study found in the literature examining bite force in dogs, the authors concluded that behavior variables were probably more important than physical variables in determining maximum bite force. (
  • In this study (Lindner, D. Measurement of bite force in dogs: A pilot study. (
  • Three Rottweiler dogs were tested and bite forces ranged between 169 pounds of force to 313 pounds of force. (
  • Obviously, well muscled, large-size dogs can bite with greater pressure than most breeds, and consequently can easily inflict serious personal injury to a human. (
  • Weintraub, A Pack of Wild Dogs: Chew v. Gates and Police Canine Excessive Force (2001) 34 Loy. (
  • 2016). The plaintiff sued the city on the bases that the police department's policy of utilizing dogs trained in the bite and hold technique was unreasonable and excessive and the cause of her injury. (
  • Bite Forces and Their Measurement in Dogs and Cats. (
  • Several methods to measure bite forces in dogs and cats have been described. (
  • The main factors affecting the bite forces in dogs and cats are body weight and the skull's morphology and size. (
  • Knowledge of bite forces in dogs and cats is essential for various clinical and research fields such as the development of implants, materials, and surgical techniques as well as for forensic medicine. (
  • This paper is a summary of current knowledge of bite forces in dogs and cats, including the effect of measurement methods and of other factors. (
  • Jan 24, 2008 · T his just in: big dogs bite harder than small dogs. (
  • Siberian Huskies are not guard or watch dogs by nature.They are gentle and affectionate and were never known for their bites or aggression.Actually there is no such parameters that confirms bite force for a specific dog breed as it may vary from dog to dog.However Siberian Huskies are thought to have an average bite force of 240 lbs. (
  • It is more difficult to measure the exact bite force of dogs, because they won't bite as hard every time, and they will bite harder if they're provoked. (
  • The advantages of more bite force for crushing harder prey, such as in Enophrys bison, are compared to the advantages of higher velocity and fluid flow in the buccal cavity, such as in the suction using Myoxocephalus polyacanthocephalus. (
  • Not only could Dunkleosteus chomp down on its prey at double the force of a great white shark , this monstrous creature was also capable of sucking its prey directly into its gaping maw. (
  • New Device to Measurement of Maximum Bite Force. (
  • Measurement of masticatory force has long been used to understand the biomechanics of chewing and assess the therapeutic effects of prostheses. (
  • however, bite forces were highly variable due to animal volition, situation, or specific measurement technique. (
  • Because of their small size, however, many invertebrates are less suitable for direct force measurement using parallel plate bite force meters. (
  • Dog bite force or pressure (force per unit area) of a dog's bite when full closure of the mouth is made may be useful information to have in some dog bite cases. (
  • For example, when an attorney needs to substantiate that certain kinds of injuries, particularly blunt injuries, may have been caused by the dog's bite, or when arguments about dog bite force pressure are used to impress upon a jury the dangerous nature of the dog in question. (
  • Many trainers who favor certain breeds (particularly the "bully" breeds, such as pit bulls), and who admire the breed's prowess, often make unsubstantiated (and often exaggerated) claims about the force of a dog's bite. (
  • One challenge is to develop a noninvasive testing apparatus that would accurately measure a dog's bite force. (
  • The study found that T. Rex's jaw exerted a crushing 3.6 tonnes (8,000 pounds) of force , equivalent to the weight of three mid-sized cars. (
  • What we came up with were bite forces of around 8,000 pounds," says Gregory Erickson of Florida State University. (
  • PAUL GIGNAC: What we came up with were bite forces of around 8,000 pounds. (
  • Here, we develop a biomechanical model of force and motion during feeding in Dunkleosteus terrelli that reveals a highly kinetic skull driven by a unique four-bar linkage mechanism. (
  • 8 ] of the lizard Uromastyx hardwickii also predicted bite forces that were below measured bite forces in living animals with comparable skull dimensions [ 14 ]. (
  • How much force does it take to break a human skull? (
  • It requires approximately 1,100 pounds of force to fracture a human skull at its weakest points, which are located around the temples. (
  • As the human skull is so resistant to outside forces, it is much more likely for an individual to suffer serious head injuries from intracranial pressure. (
  • Recently, scientists at the Field Museum in Chicago were able to virtually recreate the bite force of Dunkleosteus by using surviving skull fossils. (
  • François Therrien , a paleoecologist at the Royal Tyrrell Museum in Canada, says over the years there's been plenty of attempts to estimate the bite force of T. rex. (
  • This model allowed them to estimate the bite force at any tooth position along the jaw, as well as across the known adult size range for the tyrannosaur group, Gignac said. (
  • The research team went onto compare the bite forces generated against a series of other fishy predators, not only the colossal Megalodon but also the Devonian giant Placoderm Dunkleosteus. (
  • Here, we compare the bite forces predicted by a multi-body model of a lizard ( Tupinambis merianae ) with in vivo measurements, using anatomical data collected from the same specimen. (
  • He notes that the biggest living crocodiles currently hold the world record for measured bite forces, which his team found were about 3,700 pounds. (
  • NELL GREENFIELDBOYCE, BYLINE: If you want to know the biting power of a T. rex Gregory Erickson says you should start by looking at crocodiles. (
  • Some giant Crocodiles, pick up a bite force of sixteen tons. (
  • Crocodiles may be the world's champion chompers, killing with the greatest bite force ever directly measured for living animals, a new study says. (
  • Erickson and colleagues did physically measure the bites of several 17-foot (5.2-meter) saltwater crocs-as well as Nile crocodiles , alligators , caimans, gharials , and other crocs, some for the first time ever. (
  • The success of Chris Monico and his team of mathematicians from Notre Dame in solving the Certicom ECCp-109 challenge was achieved using raw computing power to brute force the key. (
  • We strengthen the master password and encryption key against large-scale, brute-force attacks by slowing down guesses. (
  • that the RAT is just handled by brute force techniques. (
  • So fish of the genus Serrasalmus can lay claim to the title of having the most powerful bite pound for pound of their body weight. (
  • Moreover, nothing is known about the dog bite force which correlates with the different kinds of injuries caused by a dog bite (e.g laceration, puncture, crushing type of injury). (
  • Moreover, the sexual head shape dimorphism correlates poorly with bite force, suggesting that intersexual head shape differences are related to other functions. (
  • Compared with humans, it's needless to say that our bite force looks like a mosquito bite toward Cane Corso's. (
  • Bite club: comparative bite force in big biting mammals and the prediction of predatory behaviour in fossil taxa" (PDF). (
  • Thus, bite force has been measured or estimated in many groups of vertebrates, such as mammals (e.g. (
  • This difference in technique does not affect bite force as such, but decreases the chance of failed cracking attempts. (
  • More from Warsaw: Anyway, Wroe and Christiansen's 2007 bite force study did (for some reason) not list sample sizes. (
  • 11 ], because muscle measurements, model geometry and bite force measurements were obtained from different individuals. (
  • The Worcester Polytechnic Institute-sponsored BattleBot named Bite Force, who was controlled by WPI graduate Paul Ventimiglia, won the television show competition Sunday night and took home the Giant Nut trophy. (
  • Commercial versions of Certicom's wireless encryption technology use 163-bit keys, which the firm estimates be one hundred million times harder to solve than ECC 109. (
  • They bite harder than a human, but not as much harder as one could think. (
  • Bilateral masticatory force and unilateral masticatory force (right and left) and 3. (
  • Visual Feedback of Bilateral Bite Force to Assess Motor Control of the Mandible in Isometric Condition. (
  • The present study describes a methodology for the assessment of the bilateral control of the biting force and evaluates the test-retest reliability in a sample of 13 healthy subjects. (
  • The dinosaur's ferocious bite would have helped it splinter the carcasses of large horned dinosaurs and duck-billed hadrosaurs, whose bones were rich in mineral salts and marrow, Gignac said. (
  • Z i may be useful for prediction of bite force (log10 (Bite Force) = 0.566 log10 (Z i ) + 1.432) when direct measurements are not available. (
  • This subject-specific model predicts bite forces that are very close to the in vivo measurements and also shows a consistent increase in bite force as the bite position is moved posteriorly on the jaw. (
  • The Rottweilers were the strongest and topped with 328 pounds of bite pressure. (
  • To begin, the researchers developed and tested a 3D anatomical model that predicted the bite forces of the American alligator ( Alligator mississippiensis ). (
  • Moreover, we show that the evolution of tall, wide heads correlate with the evolution of higher bite forces, driving head shape variation among and within ecomorphs. (
  • Whereas Rhagodes reflects this morphological asymmetry in having a higher bite force in the right chelicera, Galeodes shows no such bias. (
  • In this incident, the plaintiff was bitten in her face by an off-lease police K-9, named Bak, deployed to search an office building at night because of a suspected burglary. (
  • In August 2016, Social Bite partnered with Scottish restaurant Maison Bleue to open new venue Home. (
  • In November 2016, Social Bite announced that it was to partner with EDI Group and City of Edinburgh Council to create the Social Bite Village, an innovative, low cost, supervised, safe living environment for up to 20 homeless people for around 12 months each. (
  • On December 15, 2016 Social Bite organised a CEO sleep-out where over 300 eminent Scots from the worlds of industry, academia, food & drink, leisure, politics and media slept rough in central Edinburgh. (
  • The assessment of the individual ability of modulating and coordinating the right and left bite force is poorly investigated. (
  • It wouldn't be surprising if you had never heard of Joint Task Force . (
  • Despite not having as much press coverage as CoH, Joint Task Force certainly warrants a look. (
  • Set in 2008 the game is based around a military group called the Joint Task Force. (
  • I've never seen a game try to tackle political issues as seriously as Joint Task Force does. (
  • I really like the fact that Joint Task Force has tried to take on serious modern issues as it's easy for developers to shy away from them. (
  • The collection and testing of mosquitoes are part of the camppâ s mosquito-control program, which monitors the mosquito population as a preventive measure to limit the risk of mosquito-borne diseases to Camp Lemonnier and Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa personnel. (
  • For example, a trap containing male mosquitoes, which is rare, means breeding at the trap site was possible and will likely prompt the camppâ s pest-management experts to increase fogging in these areas to reduce the insectssâ population and risk of mosquito-borne diseases to Camp Lemonnier and Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa personnel. (
  • Certain types of mosquitoes can transmit diseases, such as malaria and dengue fever, and the camp runs a mosquito-control program to limit the risk of mosquito-borne diseases to camp and Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa personnel. (
  • The average bite strength turned out to be 269 pounds of pressure. (
  • No reliable data exist validating the maximum bite force in any breed of dog, including pit bulls. (
  • It is easy to understand why: One cannot simulate (for the purpose of calibrating maximum bite force in a laboratory) the real-life situations that come into play during a dog attack. (
  • In short, statements asserting maximum bite force must be treated with caution, and what one reads about concerning maximum bite force in the larger, more aggressive breeds, may be overstated. (
  • Lots of those earlier bite force estimates were more theoretical constructs," he says. (
  • Besides the fact Cane Corso has a mighty bite force, it should be noted that every animal in this planet can present potential harm to a human. (
  • In fact, their bite forces may rival that of mighty T. rex . (
  • Academics yesterday scooped a $10,000 prize after using a distributed computing network to decrypt a message scrambled using an 109-bit implementation of Elliptic Curve Cryptography. (
  • Prizes ranging from $10,000 for the 576-bit challenge to $200,000 for a 2048-bits conundrum. (
  • Preventing cable overstretch that can lead to faulty cable installation, touchscreen-operated G-Series Smart Pull produces physical, visual, and audible alerts to let contractors know when pulling force of cable exceeds 80% of manufacturer recommendations. Second alert is given when pulling force has met 100% of tension limit (10,000 lb max). (
  • He also announced that a force of 10,000 troops would be withdrawn by September 1, which would leave a total of 39,000 in Vietnam. (
  • In another aspect of the present invention a method of designing a downhole fixed bladed bit comprises the steps of modeling a fixed bladed bit by inputting blade and cutter parameters into a computer program, performing a force balance on the modeled fixed bladed bit, and modifying at least one blade parameter to adjust the force balance. (
  • The parameters for modeling a fixed bladed bit include cutter placement on a plurality of blades integrally formed in a bit body and a position for each blade. (
  • PURPOSE The purpose of this investigation was 1) to compare morphologic parameters and voluntary bite forces between controls and a sample of patients with mandibular prognathism before surgical correction, and 2) to examine how these patients' bite forces adapt after treatment. (
  • The Australian saltwater crocodile surpasses the bite force of a lion three times, and equals, 1250 Kg, which is almost three times as much as an adult lion. (
  • When it comes to crunching down, this massive guardian even surpasses a lion who has a bite force of 691 psi. (
  • In one aspect of the present invention a force balanced drill bit may comprise a bit body comprising a plurality of fixed blades, each blade comprising cutters defining a cutter profile. (
  • Rotary drag bits are a type of fixed bladed drill bit that are typically used to shear rock with a continuous scraping motion. (
  • Brett discloses a method for modeling and building drill bits where an array of spatial coordinates representative of selected surface points on a drill bit body and on cutters mounted thereon is created. (
  • In manufacturing a drill bit, a preselected number of cutters are mounted on the bit body. (
  • Certicom is offering $20,000 in prize money for the solution to the next challenge, which involves solving a 131-bit key that is expected to require several thousand times more computing power than the ECCp-109 Challenge. (
  • Florida's fearsome lord of the swamps, the American alligator, ranks sixth in the world in the power of its bite. (
  • PTWORK Force, an initiative of PTDA Foundation, commissioned a workforce trends study to explore the current state of the power transmission/motion control (PT/MC) workforce and identify the employment-related challenges faced by organizations in the industry. (
  • In view of the performance exhibited by the F120, especially in scenarios with heavy loading, the Corsair Force F120 is recommended to the power user. (
  • Discover the benefits of more biting power today! (
  • The average human can bite down with a 120 pound force. (
  • The PSI is basically a measured reaction of every force made use of over a square inch of a pound. (
  • Certainly, there are many anecdotal accounts suggesting that some breeds have the potential to bite with tremendous force. (
  • The new high-capacity 180GB and 240GB models join the 60GB and 120GB Force Series GT models already on the market. (
  • Overall ThinkComputers gives the Corsair Force Series F120 120GB Solid State Drive a 10 out of 10 score and our Recommended Award ! (
  • The Corsair Force F120 120GB Solid State Drive features the latest SandForce SD-1200 controller and has shown to be a (pardon the pun) force to be reckoned with. (
  • Tomorrow there will be a parade at the Margate Airport that will serve as an opportunity for the South African Defence Force to show the abilities of the force in its 90th year. (