Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Premature Birth: CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).Live Birth: The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Infant, Low Birth Weight: An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Pregnancy Rate: The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.Birth Certificates: Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.Embryo Transfer: The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Fertilization in Vitro: An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.Multiple Birth Offspring: The offspring in multiple pregnancies (PREGNANCY, MULTIPLE): TWINS; TRIPLETS; QUADRUPLETS; QUINTUPLETS; etc.Illegitimacy: The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Reproductive Techniques, Assisted: Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.Birth Order: The sequence in which children are born into the family.Pregnancy, Multiple: The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Ovulation Induction: Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.Vital Statistics: Used for general articles concerning statistics of births, deaths, marriages, etc.Oocyte Retrieval: Procedures to obtain viable OOCYTES from the host. Oocytes most often are collected by needle aspiration from OVARIAN FOLLICLES before OVULATION.Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic: An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Infant Mortality: Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.Embryo Implantation: Endometrial implantation of EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN at the BLASTOCYST stage.Infertility: Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Cryopreservation: Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.Delivery, Obstetric: Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.Reproductive Control Agents: Substances used either in the prevention or facilitation of pregnancy.Birth Intervals: The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.Follicle Stimulating Hormone, Human: A major gonadotropin secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and the LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. The alpha subunit is common in the three human pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer: A technique that came into use in the mid-1980's for assisted conception in infertile women with normal fallopian tubes. The protocol consists of hormonal stimulation of the ovaries, followed by laparoscopic follicular aspiration of oocytes, and then the transfer of sperm and oocytes by catheterization into the fallopian tubes.Prenatal Care: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.Clomiphene: A triphenyl ethylene stilbene derivative which is an estrogen agonist or antagonist depending on the target tissue. Note that ENCLOMIPHENE and ZUCLOMIPHENE are the (E) and (Z) isomers of Clomiphene respectively.Single Embryo Transfer: The techniques used to select and/or place only one embryo from FERTILIZATION IN VITRO into the uterine cavity to establish a singleton pregnancy.Abortion, Legal: Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)Abortion, Habitual: Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.Birth Injuries: Mechanical or anoxic trauma incurred by the infant during labor or delivery.Fertility Agents, Female: Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Paternal Age: Age of the biological father.United StatesInsemination, Artificial, Homologous: Human artificial insemination in which the husband's semen is used.National Center for Health Statistics (U.S.): A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which is primarily concerned with the collection, analysis, and dissemination of health statistics on vital events and health activities to reflect the health status of people, health needs, and health resources.Sex Ratio: The number of males per 100 females.Fetal Death: Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.Embryo Culture Techniques: The technique of maintaining or growing mammalian EMBRYOS in vitro. This method offers an opportunity to observe EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT; METABOLISM; and susceptibility to TERATOGENS.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Congenital Abnormalities: Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Fetal Mortality: Number of fetal deaths with stated or presumed gestation of 20 weeks or more in a given population. Late fetal mortality is death after of 28 weeks or more.Single Parent: A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.Obstetric Labor, Premature: Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).Stillbirth: The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.Cleavage Stage, Ovum: The earliest developmental stage of a fertilized ovum (ZYGOTE) during which there are several mitotic divisions within the ZONA PELLUCIDA. Each cleavage or segmentation yields two BLASTOMERES of about half size of the parent cell. This cleavage stage generally covers the period up to 16-cell MORULA.Twins: Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).Nafarelin: A potent synthetic agonist of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with 3-(2-naphthyl)-D-alanine substitution at residue 6. Nafarelin has been used in the treatments of central PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY and ENDOMETRIOSIS.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Minors: A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Parental Notification: Reporting to parents or guardians about care to be provided to a minor (MINORS).Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Vaginal Birth after Cesarean: Delivery of an infant through the vagina in a female who has had a prior cesarean section.Oocyte Donation: Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.Infant, Small for Gestational Age: An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.Labor, Induced: Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Insemination, Artificial: Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Menotropins: Extracts of urine from menopausal women that contain high concentrations of pituitary gonadotropins, FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE and LUTEINIZING HORMONE. Menotropins are used to treat infertility. The FSH:LH ratio and degree of purity vary in different preparations.Blastocyst: A post-MORULA preimplantation mammalian embryo that develops from a 32-cell stage into a fluid-filled hollow ball of over a hundred cells. A blastocyst has two distinctive tissues. The outer layer of trophoblasts gives rise to extra-embryonic tissues. The inner cell mass gives rise to the embryonic disc and eventual embryo proper.Preimplantation Diagnosis: Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the OVUM; ZYGOTE; or BLASTOCYST prior to implantation. CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS is performed to determine the presence or absence of genetic disease.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Anovulation: Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.Family Planning Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, to guide and determine present and future decisions on population control by limiting the number of children or controlling fertility, notably through family planning and contraception within the nuclear family.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Parturition: The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.Home Childbirth: Childbirth taking place in the home.Maternal Exposure: Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.Sperm Retrieval: Procedures to obtain viable sperm from the male reproductive tract, including the TESTES, the EPIDIDYMIS, or the VAS DEFERENS.Fallopian Tube Diseases: Diseases involving the FALLOPIAN TUBES including neoplasms (FALLOPIAN TUBE NEOPLASMS); SALPINGITIS; tubo-ovarian abscess; and blockage.Immunity, Herd: The non-susceptibility to infection of a large group of individuals in a population. A variety of factors can be responsible for herd immunity and this gives rise to the different definitions used in the literature. Most commonly, herd immunity refers to the case when, if most of the population is immune, infection of a single individual will not cause an epidemic. Also, in such immunized populations, susceptible individuals are not likely to become infected. Herd immunity can also refer to the case when unprotected individuals fail to contract a disease because the infecting organism has been banished from the population.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Reproductive Techniques: Methods pertaining to the generation of new individuals, including techniques used in selective BREEDING, cloning (CLONING, ORGANISM), and assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED).Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Midwifery: The practice of assisting women in childbirth.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Fetal Development: Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.Perinatal Care: The care of women and a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.Azoospermia: A condition of having no sperm present in the ejaculate (SEMEN).African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Infant, Premature, DiseasesEducational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome: A complication of OVULATION INDUCTION in infertility treatment. It is graded by the severity of symptoms which include OVARY enlargement, multiple OVARIAN FOLLICLES; OVARIAN CYSTS; ASCITES; and generalized EDEMA. The full-blown syndrome may lead to RENAL FAILURE, respiratory distress, and even DEATH. Increased capillary permeability is caused by the vasoactive substances, such as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS, secreted by the overly-stimulated OVARIES.Fertilization: The fusion of a spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) with an OVUM thus resulting in the formation of a ZYGOTE.WisconsinGonadotropins: Hormones that stimulate gonadal functions such as GAMETOGENESIS and sex steroid hormone production in the OVARY and the TESTIS. Major gonadotropins are glycoproteins produced primarily by the adenohypophysis (GONADOTROPINS, PITUITARY) and the placenta (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN). In some species, pituitary PROLACTIN and PLACENTAL LACTOGEN exert some luteotropic activities.Infant, Premature: A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.Chorionic Gonadotropin: A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).Follicle Stimulating Hormone: A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Obstetric Labor Complications: Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.Apgar Score: A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Buserelin: A potent synthetic analog of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with D-serine substitution at residue 6, glycine10 deletion, and other modifications.FinlandOocytes: Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.EnglandEmbryo, Mammalian: The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone: A decapeptide that stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. GnRH is produced by neurons in the septum PREOPTIC AREA of the HYPOTHALAMUS and released into the pituitary portal blood, leading to stimulation of GONADOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND.Infertility, Male: The inability of the male to effect FERTILIZATION of an OVUM after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Asphyxia Neonatorum: Respiratory failure in the newborn. (Dorland, 27th ed)Labor, Obstetric: The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Embryonic Development: Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Intensive Care Units, Neonatal: Hospital units providing continuing surveillance and care to acutely ill newborn infants.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
Demographics of the Republic of the Congo
Fertility and Births. Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR): ... Birth rate. 33.7 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 26th. 34.4 births/1,000 population ... rate of urbanisation: 3.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.). Sex ratio. at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female. 0-14 years: ... crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per ...
Demographics of Ghana
Births and deaths  Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural ... Birth rate. 30.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 35th. 16.03 births/1,000 population ... Fertility and Births (Census 2000 & 2010). Total Fertility Rate (TFR) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR): ... Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR.) Demographics Health Survey: ...
Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) TFR ... In 1962 growth rate was 4.7% and the following year, 2.0%. After a brief recovery, the growth rate slowed again into a ... In the early 1960s the rate of economic growth slowed down significantly. ...
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Demographics of Afghanistan
Fertility and Births. Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR): ... rate of urbanization: 5.4% annual rate of change (2005-10) Sex ratio. at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.05 ... crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate ( ... The average woman gives birth to five children during her entire life and 6.8% of all babies die in child-birth or infancy. ...
Demographics of Denmark
Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) TFR ... In 1962 growth rate was 4.7% and the following year, 2.0%. After a brief recovery, the growth rate slowed again into a ... of the appropriate rate) is being conceded, and, within the scope of relief in special living conditions: a higher rate of ... Under the Brandt Administration, West Germany attained a lower rate of inflation than in other industrialised countries at that ...
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1,000) Crude death rate (per 1,000) Natural change ... Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total ... Crude marriage rate (per 1000) Crude divorce rate (per 1000) Divorces per 1000 marriages ... Crude marriage rate (per 1000) Crude divorce rate (per 1000) Divorces per 1000 marriages ...
Live births. Deaths. Natural change. Crude birth rate (per 1000). Crude death rate (per 1000). Natural change (per 1000). Total ... Birth rates for rural areas are 25% higher than that of urban areas. Of the total of 21,727 deaths, 14,366 were reported in ... Out of the 19,667 births reported in 2007, 12,631 were in urban areas (11.86 per 1000) and 7,036 were in rural areas (14.88 per ...
Demographics of Nauru
Births Deaths Change Birth rate Death rate C. Change TFR 1992 9,826 331 64 267 33.7 6.5 27.2 4.5 ... Since 1992, Nauru's birth rate has exceeded its death rate; the natural growth rate is positive. In terms of age structure, the ... and birth rate (38.8) was the second-highest during this period. In 2011, the total fertility rate of 4.2 was the highest since ... For births, deaths, and fertility rates, the Nauru Bureau of Statistics was used. For population, the United States ...
Demographics of Estonia
Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total ... Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) ... The crude birth rate of 2011 was 10.96 (14,679 births) and the crude death rate of 2011 was 11.38 (15,244 deaths), making the ... see the table of birth and death rates below. Total fertility rate. Between 1970 and 1990, the total fertility rate (TFR ...
Demographics of Bangladesh
Live births. Deaths. Natural change. Crude birth rate (per 1000): National (Urban/Rural). Crude death rate (per 1000): National ... Total fertility rate by divisions. Division. TFR (total fertility rate). Crude birth rate. Death rate. ... Birth and Death rate. Year. Birth rate (per 1000). Death rate (per 1000). ... Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and CBR (Crude Birth Rate):. Year. CBR (Total). TFR (Total). CBR (Urban). TFR ( ...
Demographics of Mongolia
Birth rate: births/1,000 population 21.07 18.5 19.7 (2000-2005) 21.7 Death rate: deaths/1,000 population 6.21 6.6 6.9 (2000- ... Registered births and deaths. Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) ... crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate ( ... Infant mortality rate: deaths/1,000 live births 42.65 40 39 (2005) 15.4 ...
Republic of Artsakh
The rate of stillbirth was 88.2 per 1,000 births among the internally displaced people. The majority of the displaced have ... The annual birth rate was recorded at 2,200-2,300 per year, an increase from nearly 1,500 in 1999. ... Until 2000, the country's net migration was at a negative. For the first half of 2007, 1,010 births and 659 deaths were ...
Dauphin County, Pennsylvania
Live Birth rate. Dauphin County's live birth rate was 3,688 births in 1990. The County's live birth rate in 2000 was 3,137 ... the poverty rate for Dauphin County was 13.4% in 2014. The statewide poverty rate was 13.6% in 2014. The 2012 childhood ... Pennsylvania Department of Health, Birth Age County Reports 1990 and 2011, 2011 ... higher education rate, and religiosity all very close to the national averages. ...
Orders of magnitude (probability)
Triplet or higher order birth rate: 137.0 per 100,000 live births "Multiple Births". CDC. Retrieved 2013-11-22. Twin birth rate ... z>5 ... 2.867 x 10^-7 "Annual rates of lightning fatalities by country" (PDF). Ronald L. Holle, Holle Meteorology & Photography ... 2.0 0.02275 ... 3.0 0.00134 "Multiple Births". CDC. Retrieved 2013-11-22. ... 33.2 per 1,000 live births "Introduction to Procedures Involving Sample Means". Retrieved 2013-12-07. 15.87% of all instances ...
Demographics of Brazil
Births and deaths.   Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate ... crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per ... In 2003, the literacy rate was at 88 percent of the population, and the youth literacy rate (ages 15-19) was 93.2 percent. ... In some states in the North and Northeast, the fertility rate was higher than the national average in 2015. The highest rate ...
Demographics of Venezuela
Births and deaths.  Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of ... Birth rate. 18.5 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 90th. Death rate. 5.3 deaths/1,000 ... crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per ... Total fertility rate. 2.3 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 87th. Net migration rate. -1.2 ...
Aging in the American workforce
"Live births, birth rates, and fertility rates, by race: United States, 1909-2003." ... United States birth rate (births per 1000 population). The red segment from 1946 to 1964 is the postwar baby boom. ... This continues a trend in increasing rates of older adults remaining in the workforce, as the rates were 13.1% in 2000 and 19.5 ... The rate of people who continue working after they are 65 is relatively high in the US, when compared to other developed ...
In 2008, the birth rate in Perm Krai was 8% higher than that of 2007. Close to 35.5 thousand births were recorded with the ... For example, the birth rate for Germany was 8.3 per 1000 in 2007. Perm as a whole is having 50% higher birth rate, and even the ... Just five districts out of a total of 47 have a surplus of births over death in Perm Krai. The birth rate in Perm Krai is much ... Total fertility rate: 1.91. Death rates in some of the remote and rural areas in Perm Krai are very high, never seen before ...
Crude birth rate (CBR) - the number of live births in a given year per 1,000 people alive at the middle of that year. One ... "Live births, birth rates, and fertility rates, by race: United States, 1909-2003." ... United States crude birth rate (births per 1000 population); Baby Boom years in red. ... General fertility rate (GFR) - the number of births in a year divided by the number of women aged 15-44, times 1000. It focuses ...
Among women who know they are pregnant, the miscarriage rate is roughly 10% to 20%, while rates among all fertilisation is ... If birth occurs after this, the infant is granted a certificate that allows women who have given birth to a stillborn child, to ... Premature Births, Infertility, and Postnatal Depression. Karnac Books. p. 63. ISBN 9781782200185. OCLC 858653965. Robinson, ... Among women who know they are pregnant, the miscarriage rate is roughly 10% to 20%, while rates among all fertilized zygotes ...
Demographics of Italy
"Crude birth rates, mortality rates and marriage rates 2005-2008" (PDF) (in Italian). Retrieved 10 May 2009. ISTAT. "Average ... 4.0 deaths/100,000 live births (2010) total: 3.33 deaths/1,000 live births men: 3.54 deaths/1,000 live births women: 3.12 ... "Italy Birth Rate". http://www.indexmundi.com/italy/birth_rate.html. External link in ,website= (help); Missing or empty ,url= ( ... rate of urbanization: 0.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.) at birth: 1.06 men(s)/women under 15 years: 1.05 men(s)/women ...
Demographics of Spain
The birth rate has climbed in 10 years from 9.10 births per 1000 people per year in 1996 to 10.9 in 2006. Spain has no official ... The last quarter of the century saw a dramatic fall in birth rates. Spain's fertility rate of 1.47 (the number of children the ... Decline of birth rates. 1985. Legalization of abortion. 1988. As Spain became a developed country, the first events of illegal ... After that time, the birth rate plunged through the 1980s and Spain's population became stalled, its demographics showing one ...
Demographics of Ethiopia
Population growth rate 2.89% (2015 est.) Birth rate 37.27 births/1,000 population (2015 est.) Death rate 8.19 deaths/1,000 ... As per 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate ( ... crude birth rate (per 1,000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1,000); NC = natural change (per 1,000); IMR = infant mortality rate ... rate of urbanization: 4.89% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.) Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female 0-14 years: 1 male(s)/ ...
Live births: Unless the fetus dies in utero, the result of an unintended pregnancy is an unintended birth. According to one ... Unintended pregnancies and births in the United States. Rate per 1000 women.. Year. Unintended pregnancies. Unintended ... Children whose births were unintended are:. *Greater likelihood of low birth weight, particularly for unwanted pregnancies.[ ... US birth rates declined in the 1970s. Factors that are likely to have led to this decline include: The introduction of the ...
The familial rate, which is different for nonsyndromic and syndromic cases, provides an important clue. In the ... It is estimated that craniosynostosis affects 1 in 1,800 to 3,000 live births worldwide. 3 out of every 4 cases affect males ... Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology. 82 (2): 78-85. doi:10.1002/bdra.20426. PMID 18050313.. ... Craniosynostosis occurs in one in 2000 births. Craniosynostosis is part of a syndrome in 15% to 40% of affected patients, but ...
Saint Barnabas Medical Center
He was one of the smallest premature births in New Jersey to survive. He also holds the record as one of the world's smallest ... 2009 Infant heading home after underweight birth, The Times of Trenton, August 16, 2007 - accessed July 11, 2009 The Tiniest ... institute is also the first develop a test to detect chromosome translocations in human embryos to increase the success rate ...
Twin births have not been reported.. The calf has a tawny, shaggy coat and weighs about 11 kg (24 lb). By the end of the ... The calf is able to stand and run shortly after birth, a period of great danger for animals in the wild. It is fed by its ... rates the black wildebeest as being of "Least Concern". Its introduction into Namibia has been a success and numbers have ... Births normally take place in areas with short grass when the cow is in the lying position. She stands up immediately ...
... premature births, or low birth weight. Similarly, in studies examining the effects of topical retinoids during pregnancy, ... Rates appear to be lower in rural societies. While some research has found it affects people of all ethnic groups, ... Unlike combined birth control pills, it is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for this purpose.[ ... In women, the use of combined birth control pills can improve acne. These medications contain an estrogen and a progestin. ...
Health in Nepal
Maternal mortality rate was reduced from 748 per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 190 per 100,000 live births on 2014. Nepal also ... The major causes of neonatal death in Nepal are infection, birth asphyxia, preterm birth, and hypothermia. Given Nepal's ... Global estimates indicate that the rate has reduced by 65% from 128 to 48 per 1000 live births between 1991 and 2013. Nepal has ... rates of institutional deliveries as well as deliveries attended by a skilled birth attendant (56%). Nepal is also on track to ...
Abortion - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
... with a loss rate between 8.5 weeks LMP and birth of about two percent; pregnancy loss is "virtually complete by the end of the ... If the fetus dies in the womb after 20 weeks, or while it is born, this is known as "stillbirth". Premature births and ... Abortion rates vary. The length the pregnancy has gone on, and the method used to do the abortion influence these rates. ... Humans can also chose to end the pregnancy before birth takes place. This is called an induced abortion. Often, the term ...
One concern with open source development is the high turnover rate of developers, even among core contributors (those at the ... "A Dozen Years After Open Source's 1998 Birth, It's Time For OpenTechComm".. [permanent dead link ... manages features such as alerting health care workers when patients show warning signs for conditions and records births and ...
... and twin pregnancies found that the cervical pessary did not result in a lower rate of spontaneous early preterm birth. ... There is no evidence that cerclage is effective in a multiple gestation pregnancy for preventing preterm births and reducing ... and at risk for a preterm birth, when cerclage is compared with no treatment, there is a reduction in preterm birth and there ... A c-section is required for women giving birth with a TAC. A transabdominal cerclage can also be placed pre-pregnancy if a ...
The maternal mortality rate (MMR) varies from 9 per 100,000 live births in the US and Europe to 900 per 100,000 live births in ... an abnormal birth position Birth Bradley method of natural childbirth Coffin birth Kangaroo care Lamaze Multiple birth ... the current maternal mortality rate is around 10 deaths per 100,000 births. As of June 2011, about one third of American births ... "Rates for total cesarean section, primary cesarean section, and vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC), United States, 1989-2010 ...
Only one successful surgery has been performed as of now, and the mortality rate remains high. The prognosis of ectopia cordis ... In general, the prognosis for ectopia cordis is poor-most cases result in death shortly after birth due to infection, hypoxemia ... The occurrence of ectopia cordis is 8 per million births. It is typically classified according to location of the ectopic heart ...
Reduced Disparities in Birth Rates among Teens Aged 15-19 Years in the United States | About | Teen Pregnancy | Reproductive...
National Rates and Disparities. Nationally, the teen birth rate (number of births per 1,000 15- 19-year-old females) declined ... Across counties, teen birth rates vary greatly:. *Higher-rate counties are clustered in the South and Southwest, but high-rate ... State Rates and Disparities. At the state level, differences in teen birth rates persist, both within and across states. ... In some states, birth rates are more similar between black, Hispanic, and white teens, with each group having rates higher than ...
birth rates | PBS NewsHour
U.S. birth rate falls to 32-year low A provisional report found there 3.788 million births last year, marking the fourth year ... The CDC found the number of births fell about 1% from 2018, to about 3.7 million. Birth rates continued to fall for teen moms ... As U.S. births fall, the virus could drive them down more ... the number of births has fallen.. By Carla K. Johnson, ...
Birth and Death Rates | Encyclopedia.com
For example, a comparison of the 42,087 births in Utah with the 189,392 in Florida in 1996 reveals nothing about the relative ... 1998, p. 42). Source for information on Birth and Death Rates: Encyclopedia of Sociology dictionary. ... BIRTH AND DEATH RATESMuch of the birth and death information published by governments is in absolute numbers. These raw data ... BIRTH RATES. The crude birth rate calculated in the preceding example, is the most common measure of fertility because it ...
Percentage Change in Teen Birth Rate | KFF
Ireland has EU's highest birth rate - report
Ireland still has the highest birth rate in the European Union, according to a new ESRI report. ... By 2010, there was a 2% decline in the mortality rate of live births and still births, compared to 2001. ... Ireland still has highest birth rate in EU, says ESRI report Updated / Tuesday, 26 Jun 2012 22:03 ... Ireland still has the highest birth rate in the European Union, according to a new ESRI report. ...
Teen Birth Rates Drop, But Disparities Persist | Features | CDC
Free Birth Control Cuts Abortion Rate by 62 Percent
... reliable birth control to women can reduce the abortion rate by between 62 percent and 78 percent, a new study finds. ... As a result, the researchers found, both teen births and overall abortion rates plummeted. ... the teen birth rate was 6.3 per 1,000 women, a huge difference from the national teen birth rate of 34.3 per 1,000 women. ... Latest on Free Birth Control Cuts Abortion Rate by 62 Percent. * Whats Behind Toddlers Extremely Rare Water Allergy? ...
U.S. Teen Birth Rate Drops a Dramatic 9% in 2010
... teen birth rate declined 9% in 2010 and is now at the lowest level ever reported, according to data released today by the... ... The national teen birth rate fell to 34.3 births per 1,000 girls aged 15-19 in 2010, down from 37.9 in 2009 and 61.8 in 1991 ... Birth rates also declined for all racial/ethnic groups. Among teens 15-19, the birth rate declined 9% in 2010 for non-Hispanic ... Birth rates declined for teens of all ages. The rate for teens 15-17 declined 12% in 2010 and has fallen 55% from its peak in ...
Thailand Birth Rate | Moody's Analytics
This page provides forecast and historical data, charts, statistics, news and updates for Thailand Birth Rate. ... Birth Rate for Thailand from U.S. Census Bureau (BOC) for the International Data Base (IDB) release. ... First, the estimates and projections of vital rates, vital events, and midyear population presented are based on careful ... Birth Rate 2050. 8.98. 8.97 # per Ths. pop., NSA. Annual. Death Rate 2050. 13.89. 13.7 # per Ths. pop., NSA. Annual. ...
Iceland Birth Rate | Moody's Analytics
This page provides forecast and historical data, charts, statistics, news and updates for Iceland Birth Rate. ... Birth Rate for Iceland from The World Bank for the World Development Indicators (WDI) release. ... These methods include using averages and growth rates to calculate the range of average, and least squares growth rates. ... Birth Rate 2016. 12. 12.5 # per Ths. pop.. Annual. Death Rate 2004. 6.2. # per Ths. pop.. Annual. ...
In Italy, rising anxiety over falling birth rates | PBS NewsHour
Its a bit sad to see all these empty beds, because, when there arent any births, we feel like were wasting hours of our time ... The birth rate here is so low, the maternity ward has risked closing, says Dr. Maria Rosaria Vena, who oversees it. ... U.S. birth rate falls to 32-year low By Carla K. Johnson, Associated Press ... Brain drain and declining birth rate threaten the future of Greece By PBS NewsHour ...
Coronavirus crisis 'likely to reduce birth rate' - ANU
Relationships are especially affected, meaning we are not going to see the formula needed to result in births," she said. ... Pressure on workers to remain employed is also likely to lead to stresses on families, and possible declines in birth rates." ... After severe events, we tend to find a decline in births - we dont see a boom. ... "In pure demographic terms, the ingredients required for births are being disrupted. ...
U.S. teen birth rate up again, fewer pre-term babies | Reuters
... teen birth rate rose for a second straight year in 2007 after a long decline and more babies were born to all mothers than even ... The rate rose again in 2007 by 1 percent over the prior year to 42.5 births per 1,000 girls aged 15-19. ... MORE SEX, LESS BIRTH CONTROL "The teen birth rate in the U.S. had declined dramatically in past years because of both less sex ... "The teen birth rate is now going up probably for the opposite set of reasons - the combination of more sex and less ...
birth rate | China Digital Times (CDT)
In 2015, the Chinese government reformed its infamous "one-child policy" to allow two births for most couples, hoping that it ... Chinese county reins in birth-rate - without a one-child limit - Peter Ford. by Sophie Beach , Feb 26, 2007 ... From the Christian Science Monitor, an interesting look at a town that has had great success at lowering the birth rates, ... Wang Ling at chinadialogue describes concerns over the accuracy of Chinas birth rate figures, expressed as its Total Fertility ...
US teen birth rate falls to record low (again) - CSMonitor.com
Mississippi has the highest teen birth rate (55 per 1,000 girls), New Hampshire has the lowest (16) ... Birth rates among teenage moms rates are at the lowest level since 1940. ... Even as it leads the U.S. with 55 teen births per 1,000 girls, Mississippis rate has been falling like everywhere else. It ... Birth rates among teenage moms rates are at the lowest level since 1940. Mississippi has the highest teen birth rate (55 per ...
Why America's slumping birth rate could create economic problems - CBS News
Births fell to a 32-year low last year as women wait to start families and teen births decline. That drop could slow future ... Why Americas slumping birth rate could create economic problems. Births fell to a 32-year low last year as women wait to start ... families and teen births decline. That drop could slow future economic growth and strain the long-term finances behind Social ...
NESDB urges for measures to tackle low birth rate
... has urged the government to implement additional measures to improve the birth rate in Thailand, following a recent study ... with the fertility rate of 1.6 births per woman aged 15 to 49 in 2010, which is already among the lowest fertility rates in ... According to the NESDB, Thailand has to maintain the birth rate at 500,000 per year to keep the countrys economy and manpower ... NESDB urges for measures to tackle low birth rate. national November 30, 2018 15:02 ...
Sparsely populated countries Health | Birth rate Stats: NationMaster.com
Reducing preterm birth rates | Tommy's
... neonatal and brain injuries that occur during or soon after birth by 2025] unless the rate of preterm births is reduced.. ... Reducing preterm birth rates In order to do reduce preterm birth rates, and to reduce differences in care across NHS England, ... Reducing preterm birth rates. New guidelines developed by the UK Preterm Clinical Network will reduce the rates of preterm ... Read more about our preterm birth research * . The London Preterm (premature birth) Surveillance Clinic. This unique Preterm ...
U.S. Lags Behind 130 Other Nations in Preterm Birth Rate - RWJF
... we have failed to do enough to prevent preterm births and help more mothers carry their babies full-term. ... The rate of preterm births for African American mothers is 18 percent; the rate for white mothers is 11 percent. ... For a state-by-state breakdown of preterm birth rates within the U.S., see the March of Dimes 2011 Premature Birth Report Card ... U.S. Lags Behind 130 Other Nations in Preterm Birth Rate. May 2, 2012, 7:21 PM, Posted by NewPublicHealth ...
Russia - Birth rate - Historical Data Graphs per Year
US birth rates are plummeting, and the reason isn't clear - Anchorage Daily News
The nations birth rate last year reached record lows for women in their teens and 20s, a government report shows, leading to ... Overall, the U.S. birth rate for women ages 15 to 44 was 59 births per 1,000 women, an all-time low. ... The fertility rate is a hypothetical estimate based on lifetime projections of age-specific birth rates. ... US birth rates are plummeting, and the reason isnt clear * Author: Carla Johnson. ...
... birth rates - Featured Topics from the National Center for Health Statistics ... 152, "First Births to Older Women Continue to Rise," found significant increases over the past four decades in the average age ... News Brief: Older Women, First Births. A recent NCHS Data Brief, drawing on data collected through the National Vital ... Statistics System, has received nationwide media attention for its findings on first-time births to older mothers. Data Brief ...
Birth Rate Falls as Propsective Parents Put Cap on Costly Kids | Observer
According to a Centers for Disease Control study reported by the Associated Press, the number of births shrank 2. ... Birth Rate Falls as Propsective Parents Put Cap on Costly Kids. By Mike Taylor • 08/27/10 6:18pm. * ... According to a Centers for Disease Control study reported by the Associated Press, the number of births shrank 2.7 percent in ...
Birth rate - Wikipedia
Birth rates ranging from 10-20 births per 1,000 are considered low, while rates from 40-50 births per 1,000 are considered high ... Roan, Shari (31 March 2011). "Us Birth Rate , U.S. birth rate: Drop in birth rate is the biggest in 30 years - Los Angeles ... fertility-and-birth-rates Media related to Birth and death rates at Wikimedia Commons CIA World Factbook Birth Rate List by ... This is the highest birth rate in the UK in 40 years. However, the UK record year for births and birth rate remains 1920 (when ...
Mothers20203.788 million births last yearMillion birthsHalf of the births2018Ages 15 to 19HispanicFertility rateDeathsBabiesYear18.5 birthsFewer birthsPreterm birth rate dropped34.2 birthsLate pretermMajority of teen births16.5 births18.6 births16.3 births1991Crude birt2016Pregnancies that were terminatedLowered their preterm birth ratesGirls ages 15MortalityDecline in birthsIncrease in birthsTeenTeenageDisparitiesNation's2000Premature birth ratesDropped 10 percent12.7Cesarean1998Percent13.4Reduce premature birthLivePopulationDimesDeclines in birth rates
- A third of births in 2010 were to single mothers and almost a quarter were to mothers born outside Ireland. (rte.ie)
- The report focuses on the social and biological characteristics of all mothers that gave birth in Ireland in 2010, as well as pregnancy outcomes. (rte.ie)
- More than half of the births have been to black mothers, though the increase in births has been evenly divided among white, black and Hispanic mothers, he said. (washingtonexaminer.com)
- Some (including those of Italy and Malaysia) seek to increase the birth rate with financial incentives or provision of support services to new mothers. (wikipedia.org)
- If they close this hospital, some mothers would end up giving birth on the side of the road. (pbs.org)
- WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. teen birth rate rose for a second straight year in 2007 after a long decline and more babies were born to all mothers than even at the peak of the baby boom after World War Two, officials said on Wednesday. (reuters.com)
- Doctors say that the pandemic could yield clues about what causes premature births, but that expecting mothers should still be aware of their risk for early labor. (yahoo.com)
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention previously reported that U.S. births by mothers of all ages had dropped in 2010 for the third straight year. (csmonitor.com)
- While our country excels in helping preemies survive, we have failed to do enough to prevent preterm births and help more mothers carry their babies full-term," says Jennifer L. Howse, president of the March of Dimes. (rwjf.org)
- the rate for white mothers is 11 percent. (rwjf.org)
- Elizabeth Mason, MD, director of the Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health for the WHO says model practices in other countries that have reduced preterm births include creating medical homes for expectant mothers, reducing hospital infection rates and both prenatal care and care throughout a pregnancy to monitor for concerns. (rwjf.org)
- A recent NCHS Data Brief, drawing on data collected through the National Vital Statistics System, has received nationwide media attention for its findings on first-time births to older mothers. (cdc.gov)
- Today, the majority of teen births (89%) are to unmarried mothers . (pewresearch.org)
- A 2014 Brookings report found that reality TV shows that follow the struggles of teen mothers like the MTV programs 16 and Pregnant and Teen Mom may have contributed to up to a third of the decline in teen births from June 2009, when they began airing, through the end of 2010. (pewresearch.org)
- The study also finds unmarried childbearing reached a new record last year, increasing by eight percent and putting the total of all births to unmarried mothers at 38.5 percent. (publicnewsservice.org)
- In 2010, half of the births were to mothers of Latino heritage with a birth rate of 18.7 per 1,000 population. (ocweekly.com)
- However, "the older the mother is, the more risk there is" of complications during pregnancy that account for higher rates of death for older mothers, she said. (ocregister.com)
- Research has shown that chronic stress from racism is associated with a higher risk of premature birth among African American mothers, which also puts them at a higher risk of infant death . (kpbs.org)
- He added that children who survive an early birth are likely to face a lifetime of serious health problems based on their mothers' choices during pregnancy. (publicnewsservice.org)
- Experts say the recent recession -- from December 2007 to June 2009 -- was a major factor driving down births overall, and there's good reason to think it affected would-be teen mothers. (middletownpress.com)
- For decades, health educators have been emphasizing the hazards of teen pregnancy, including higher dropout rates and other problems for these young mothers and their kids. (middletownpress.com)
- The organization compared birth rates with its goal of 9.6% by 2020. (cnn.com)
- 36.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est. (cia.gov)
- 17.8 births/1,000 population (2020 est. (cia.gov)
- 42.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est. (cia.gov)
- 11.3 births/1,000 population (2020 est. (cia.gov)
- 17 births/1,000 population (2020 est. (cia.gov)
- 41.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est. (cia.gov)
- 41 births/1,000 population (2020 est. (cia.gov)
- 8.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est. (cia.gov)
- 10.9 births/1,000 population (2020 est. (cia.gov)
- 18.5 births/1,000 population (2020 est. (cia.gov)
- 9.3 births/1,000 population (2020 est. (cia.gov)
- We are very pleased that Orange County has achieved six of the seven Healthy People 2020 goals related to births," County Health Officer Dr. Eric Handler reportedly told City News Service. (ocweekly.com)
- The U.S. reached the federal Healthy People 2020 goal on preterm births seven years ahead of schedule, but fell short of a 9.6% target set by the March of Dimes. (californiahealthline.org)
3.788 million births last year3
- A provisional report found there 3.788 million births last year, marking the fourth year the number of births has fallen. (pbs.org)
- The provisional report, released Wednesday and based on more than 99% of U.S. birth records, found 3.788 million births last year. (adn.com)
- The nation's birth rates last year reached record lows for women in their teens and 20s, a government report shows, leading to the fewest babies in 32 years.The provisional report, released Wednesday and based on more than 99% of U.S. birth records, found 3.788 million births last year. (wesh.com)
- But the March of Dimes said California's success is noteworthy, as the state sees half a million births each year -- the most of any state -- and "has a racially diverse population in a mix of urban, suburban and rural communities that have a variety of healthcare and economic needs. (cnn.com)
- Fewer than 4 million births were counted in 2011, a one percent drop from the year before, and the lowest number of births since 1998. (eurasiareview.com)
- The CDC found the number of births fell about 1% from 2018, to about 3.7 million. (pbs.org)
- The only two groups with slightly higher birth rates in 2018 were women in their late 30s and those in their early 40s. (adn.com)
- In 2018, the birth rate among 15- to 19-year-old girls and women was less than half of what it had been in 2008 (41.5 births per 1,000). (pewresearch.org)
- In 2018, the birth rate for Hispanic and black teens ages 15 to 19 was almost double the rate among white teens and more than five times as high as the rate among Asians and Pacific Islanders. (pewresearch.org)
- But this trend in teen birth rates has continued even as the economy has recovered, and birth rates for teens have fallen faster than they have for all women ages 15 to 44 (58% and 4% declines, respectively, from 2008 to 2018). (pewresearch.org)
- TUESDAY, May 15, 2018 -- For women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), acupuncture at the time of ovarian stimulation and embryo transfer is not associated with a significant difference in live birth rate compared with sham acupuncture, according to a study published in the May 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association . (drugs.com)
- Note that from 2015-2018 the citywide number of births covers all births, whether the ward of the DC is known or not, but the birth rate only covers births with a known ward. (kidscount.org)
Ages 15 to 193
- OKLAHOMA CITY - Teen birth rates in Oklahoma rose again, making the state the 5th highest in the nation for births among girls ages 15 to 19. (newson6.com)
- In 2013, the estimated teen pregnancy rate - which reflects not only live births, but also miscarriages, stillbirths and abortions - was 43.4 pregnancies per 1,000 females ages 15 to 19. (pewresearch.org)
- According to a report from the National Center for Health Statistics, birth rates among young women ages 15 to 19 fell in all but three states and in all racial, ethnic and age groups. (nytimes.com)
- Yet black and Hispanic teens still have birth rates twice as high as their white counterparts, and geographic and socioeconomic disparities persist. (cdc.gov)
- In some states, rates among black and Hispanic teens are over three times higher than rates among white teens. (cdc.gov)
- In some states, birth rates are more similar between black, Hispanic, and white teens, with each group having rates higher than the national average. (cdc.gov)
- As part of a coordinated national teen pregnancy prevention effort 4 , the HHS Office of Adolescent Health and CDC partnered to fund community-wide initiatives in areas with high rates of teen births, focusing on black and Hispanic teens aged 15-19 . (cdc.gov)
- Among teens 15-19, the birth rate declined 9% in 2010 for non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic blacks, 12% for Hispanic and American Indian Alaska Native teens, and 13% for Asian Pacific Islander teens. (prnewswire.com)
- The most startling birth rate drop he noted was among young Hispanic women ages 20-25. (deseretnews.com)
- The report's most significant findings show that the birth rate for Hispanic women declined by 6 percent and birth rates for teenagers are at a historic low, dropping by 49 percent since 1991. (eurasiareview.com)
- For many years in this field we saw that women who are Hispanic had really good birth outcomes - even in the face of some more challenges in terms of accessing care," said Verbiest. (wtvr.com)
- Birth rates among black and Hispanic teenagers have fallen dramatically over the past decade, but they're still more likely to have babies compared to their white peers, according to a new report, NBC News reports. (nbcnewyork.com)
- But the rate remained about twice as high for Hispanic or black teens, when compared to white teens. (nbcnewyork.com)
- In 2010, the birth rate among black and Hispanic teenagers was more than double that of whites. (nytimes.com)
- A large proportion of immigrants are Hispanic, and Hispanics accounted for nearly 1 in 4 births in 2009. (middletownpress.com)
- The birth rate among Hispanic teens is the highest of any ethnic group with 70 births per 1,000 girls in 2009. (middletownpress.com)
- Although the general fertility rate is a more accurate measure of the relative levels of fertility between populations, it remains sensitive to the distribution of population across women of childbearing ages. (encyclopedia.com)
- When women are heavily concentrated in the younger, more fecund ages, such as in developing countries today and in the United States in 1980, rather than the less fecund older ages, such as in the United States and other developed countries today, the general fertility rate is not the best choice for fertility analysis. (encyclopedia.com)
- Wang Ling at chinadialogue describes concerns over the accuracy of China's birth rate figures, expressed as its Total Fertility Rate: the average number of children born to a woman during her lifetime. (chinadigitaltimes.net)
- The U.S. fertility rate fell to another record low in 2012, with 63.0 births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 44 years old, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cnn.com)
- It marked the fifth year in a row the U.S. birth rate has declined, and the lowest rate on record since the government started tracking the fertility rate in 1909. (cnn.com)
- For example, the fertility rate decreased among teenagers and women in their 20s, but rose slightly among those over age 30. (cnn.com)
- Their fertility rate dropped from 165 to 115 per 1,000 in 2007. (deseretnews.com)
- Thailand, with the fertility rate of 1.6 births per woman aged 15 to 49 in 2010, which is already among the lowest fertility rates in Asean, is expect to see that rate drop to 1.3 births by 2040. (nationmultimedia.com)
- The fertility rate of 1.7 births per U.S. woman also fell 2%, meaning the current generation isn't making enough babies to replace itself. (adn.com)
- The fertility rate is a hypothetical estimate based on lifetime projections of age-specific birth rates. (adn.com)
- It was the fourth year the number of births has fallen, the lowest since 1986 and a surprise to some experts given the improving economy.The fertility rate of 1.7 births per U.S. woman also fell 2%, meaning the current generation isn't making enough babies to replace itself. (wesh.com)
- The fertility rate is a hypothetical estimate based on lifetime projections of age-specific birth rates.Whether more U.S. women are postponing motherhood or forgoing it entirely isn't yet clear.If trends continue, experts said, the U.S. can expect labor shortages including in elder care when aging baby boomers need the most support. (wesh.com)
- The fertility rate of 62 births per 1,000 women is a record low for the nation. (wtvr.com)
- Vital Statistics are quantitative data concerning a population, such as the number of births, marriages, and deaths. (economy.com)
- Vital Statistics Survey is based on Family Registry and the Municipal heads fill in vital statistics survey forms based on notifications of live births, deaths, marriages and divorces. (economy.com)
- The data listed here in Crude birth rate, age-specific and total fertility rates (live births) , and Deaths and mortality rates, by age group and sex , come from Tables 102-4505 and 102-0504, and Surveys 3231, 3233, 3604. (economy.com)
- The March of Dimes charity said pre-term birth is the leading cause of newborn deaths in the United States, with early births costing more than $26 billion annually. (reuters.com)
- The Committee of Neonatal Medicine of the Japan Pediatric Society retrospectively surveyed the deaths of extremely low birth weight infants born and hospitalized between January 1 and December 31, 2005. (aappublications.org)
- The infant mortality rate in Massachusetts was 4.4 deaths per 1,000 live births, which is 28 percent lower than the U.S. rate, with 6.1 deaths per 1,000 live births. (telegram.com)
- Births still more than replace deaths - factoring in immigration and longer lifespans, the four-county region is estimated to add 2.7 million people over the next two decades. (ocregister.com)
- In Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, it is estimated that the low cesarean birth rate among women living in poverty contributes to 80,000 maternal deaths each year. (nursingcenter.com)
- Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn death, and babies who survive often face serious and sometimes lifelong health problems such as developmental delays or vision loss, according to the organization. (cnn.com)
- The average age of women giving birth was just over 31 by 2010, while there was a 22% increase in those aged 35 and older having babies. (rte.ie)
- In an encouraging development, the rate of premature births and low birthweight babies declined after a long upward trend, according to a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. (reuters.com)
- For the first time since 1984 there was a drop in the percentage of babies born with low birth weight, which similarly increases the risk of a baby's health problems. (reuters.com)
- Alongside a focus on specific elements such as reducing smoking in pregnancy and monitoring fetal movements, the Saving Babies' Lives Care Bundle is now being updated in 2019 to include measures to reduce preterm birth. (tommys.org)
- Preterm babies are born at a higher rate in the US than in 130 other countries, including many poorer nations, according to a report released today, Born Too Soon: The Global Action Report on Preterm Birth , published by the March of Dimes and almost fifty other groups, including the World Health Organization . (rwjf.org)
- Preterm birth (birth before 37 weeks completed gestation) is the leading cause of newborn death in the US-nearly half a million US babies are born too early each year. (rwjf.org)
- Babies who survive an early birth often have breathing problems, cerebral palsy, intellectual disabilities, and other lifelong problems. (rwjf.org)
- Even babies born just a few weeks early have higher rates of hospitalization and illness than full-term infants, and the costs exceed $26 billion each year. (rwjf.org)
- The three-year improvement in the U.S. preterm birth rate means that 40,000 more babies were given a healthy start in life and spared the risk of life-long health consequences of an early birth. (cafemom.com)
- The nation's birth rates last year reached record lows for women in their teens and 20s, a government report shows, leading to the fewest babies in 32 years. (adn.com)
- He estimates 5.7 million babies would have been born in the past decade if fertility rates hadn't fallen from pre-recession levels. (adn.com)
- A veteran nurse, Barron was in charge of infection control and quality assurance at the hospital when she noticed there had been two babies born with the birth defect of anencephaly in a six month period. (truth-out.org)
- Almost all babies with the defect die shortly after birth. (truth-out.org)
- The falling birth rate is also at odds with the increase in babies being born statewide during the same time period. (sfexaminer.com)
- I keep expecting to see the birth rates go up and then they don't," said demographer Kenneth M. Johnson of University of New Hampshire's Carsey School of Public Policy.He estimates 5.7 million babies would have been born in the past decade if fertility rates hadn't fallen from pre-recession levels. (wesh.com)
- The number of babies born to native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders was stable.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report also found:-Overall, the U.S. birth rate for women ages 15 to 44 was 59 births per 1,000 women, an all-time low. (wesh.com)
- According to the report, 29 percent of the teen births in the state - 1,136 babies - were born to teenagers 15 to 17 years old. (telegram.com)
- Worcester had a birth rate of 31.6 - or 244 - babies born to women between the ages of 15 and 19. (telegram.com)
- In 2009, the city's birth rate was 28.3 - or 219 - babies born to women of the same age group. (telegram.com)
- The authors of the report estimate that if 1991 birth rates had prevailed through 2010, 3.4 million additional babies would have been born to teenagers during these years. (nytimes.com)
- The survival rate of premature babies has gone up in recent decades as neonatal care has become more sophisticated. (kpbs.org)
- He said Arkansas has several programs in place to deal with preterm births, including "Stork's Nest" and "Healthy Babies are Worth the Wait. (publicnewsservice.org)
- Overall, the U.S. received a "C" grade, with the number of preterm births falling from 542,893 babies in 2006 to about 450,000 in 2013. (californiahealthline.org)
- The period is usually a year, and the rate is usually expressed per 1,000 people in the population to eliminate the decimal point. (encyclopedia.com)
- This measure reveals that a thousand women in Utah of childbearing age produce more births in a year than the same number in Florida, 89 versus 64 births per 1,000 women between ages fifteen and forty-four (Ventura et al. (encyclopedia.com)
- Although the United States' preterm birth rate decreased for the sixth consecutive year, a new report gives the nation a "C" grade. (cnn.com)
- The 2012 preterm birth rate dropped to 11.5%, a 15-year low, according to the March of Dimes Premature Birth Report Card . (cnn.com)
- Meanwhile, a 2011 study in the journal Contraception estimated that unintended births cost U.S. taxpayers about $11 billion a year. (livescience.com)
- The birth rate (technically, births/populatiohoes is the total number of live births per 1,000 of a population in a year or period. (wikipedia.org)
- The crude birth rate is the number of live births per year per 1,000 midyear population Another term used interchangeably with birth rate is natality. (wikipedia.org)
- The death rate is 7.8 per 1,000 per year. (wikipedia.org)
- How many births were there last year in total? (pbs.org)
- About 200 births, whereas, when I started working here 20 years ago, there were about 400 every year. (pbs.org)
- China's birth rate dropped last year to its lowest level since the country was founded in 1949, adding to concerns that an ageing society and shrinking workforce will pile pressure on a slowing economy. (ndtv.com)
- But Cesarean deliveries rose for an 11th straight year to a new high - up 2 percent to 31.8 percent of births. (reuters.com)
- The rate rose again in 2007 by 1 percent over the prior year to 42.5 births per 1,000 girls aged 15-19. (reuters.com)
- There's not yet any data about preemie rates in the United States this year. (yahoo.com)
- The age group represents two-thirds of all Oklahoma teen births each year. (newson6.com)
- As of last year, a separate CDC analysis shows an American woman will give birth to an average of 1.88 children over her lifetime, also a record low. (cnn.com)
- Demographers have told her that fertility rates usually rise a year or two after a recession ends. (deseretnews.com)
- Births fell to a 32-year low last year as women wait to start families and teen births decline. (cbsnews.com)
- According to the NESDB, Thailand has to maintain the birth rate at 500,000 per year to keep the country's economy and manpower afloat. (nationmultimedia.com)
- Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. (nationmaster.com)
- The U.S. birthrate fell to another record low last year, the National Center for Health Statistics reports. (durangoherald.com)
- The good news is that overall the United States bumped its grade up from a "D" to a "C" when it comes to reducing the rates of prematurity, and there's been a three-year improvement. (cafemom.com)
- Maryland's teen birth rate has dropped for the sixth straight year and is nearly 20 percent lower than in 1991, according to figures to be released today by the governor's office. (baltimoresun.com)
- The statistics will show that 4.39 percent of Maryland girls between ages 15 and 19 gave birth in 1997, the last year for which figures were available. (baltimoresun.com)
- It was the fourth year the number of births has fallen, the lowest since 1986 and a surprise to some experts given the improving economy. (adn.com)
- Last year, there were 2% fewer births than in 2017. (adn.com)
- If we carry on as we are and fail to reverse the trend, there will be fewer than 350,000 births a year in 10 years' time, 40 percent less than in 2010 - an apocalypse," the minister, Beatrice Lorenzin, said in an interview published Sunday by daily La Repubblica. (breitbart.com)
- The allowances are paid at higher rates for the poorest - those declaring less than 7,000 euros a year to the taxman. (breitbart.com)
- In five years we have lost more than 66,000 births (per year) - that is the equivalent of a city the size of Siena," the minister said. (breitbart.com)
- The abortion rate among 15- to 19-year-old girls and women has also been declining, from 44.0 per 1,000 in 1988 to 10.6 in 2013. (pewresearch.org)
- The teen pregnancy rate went up last year, and that's the first time that has happened in 14 years. (publicnewsservice.org)
- Birth rates in the United States fell for the fourth straight year, the government reported on Wednesday, and experts say the bad economy may be to blame, making people think twice before having kids. (eurasiareview.com)
- Orange County started with a lower adolescent birth rate of 38.3 in 2000 and has experienced the largest drop of 42 percent for a 10-year low of 22.4 births per 1,000 females 15-19 years of age. (ocweekly.com)
- In 2016, the teen birth rate dropped 9 percent compared to the previous year, a new government report published Friday found. (wtvr.com)
- Even older women, those between the ages of 40 and 44, showed a swelling increase of 4 percent over 2015 - the highest rate for this group since 1966, according to the statisticians, while the rate of birth for women who are older than 45 is also a record high though the number of births remains essentially unchanged compared to last year. (wtvr.com)
- Joyce A. Martin, a co-author of the report and lead statistician, also noted the declining rate of nonmarital births - births to people who aren't legally married - in 2016, which fell 3 percent compared to the previous year. (wtvr.com)
- 10 extremely low birth weight infants were admitted per year, and no prenatal maternal transfer. (aappublications.org)
- Last year, the state reached a historic milestone: the lowest birth rate on record - 12.4 births per thousand people. (ocregister.com)
- According to provisional state data, California last year saw 60.5 births per thousand women, compared to an all-time low 62 births per thousand nationwide. (ocregister.com)
- These high rates are significantly higher than the 15% cesarean birth rate recommended by the World Health Organization, and thousands of elective cesarean births are performed each year. (nursingcenter.com)
- Fewer teenagers gave birth in 2010 than in any other year since 1946, government researchers announced last week, and there is good evidence that today's teenagers are initiating sex later and using birth control more consistently than previous generations did. (nytimes.com)
- Teenage birth rates peaked in the baby-boom year of 1957, at 96.3 per 1,000, and by 1991, the rate was 61.8. (nytimes.com)
- In the past year, the birth rate in the United States has fallen more than 2 percent , a fact sociologists attribute to the current state of our economy. (cafemom.com)
- The rate of premature birth across the United States rose for the third year in a row, according to the annual premature birth report card from March of Dimes, a nonprofit organization that works to improve maternal and infant health. (kpbs.org)
- In 2016, the group said, the state's premature birth rate increased to 10.8 percent from 10 percent the previous year. (publicnewsservice.org)
- McCabe said early births cost the nation $26 billion a year in avoidable medical and social costs. (publicnewsservice.org)
- The Preterm birth rate in California fell from 9.6% in 2013 to 8.8%, marking the sixth consecutive year that the state has lowered its rate and a new 24-year low. (californiahealthline.org)
- Each time there was a decline in birth rate, whether from state to state or year to year, infections tended to happen later," explained Pitzer. (medindia.net)
- It was a 6 percent decline from the previous year, and the lowest since health officials started tracking the rate in 1940. (middletownpress.com)
- For comparison look to the peak year of teen births -- 1957. (middletownpress.com)
- There were about 96 births per 1,000 teen girls that year, but it was a different era, when women married younger, said Stephanie Ventura, a co-author of the report issued by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (middletownpress.com)
- The trend may continue: A preliminary count of U.S. births through the first six months of this year suggests a continuing drop, CDC officials said. (middletownpress.com)
- The C-section rate has been rising every year since 1996. (middletownpress.com)
- The pre-term birth rate, for infants delivered at less than 37 weeks of pregnancy, dropped for the third straight year to about 12 percent of all births. (middletownpress.com)
Preterm birth rate dropped1
Majority of teen births1
- Progress in reducing teen pregnancy has been nothing short of remarkable-the teen birth rate has declined a stunning 44% between 1991 and 2010. (prnewswire.com)
- The rate for teens 15-17 declined 12% in 2010 and has fallen 55% from its peak in 1991. (prnewswire.com)
- The national teen birth rate fell to 34.3 births per 1,000 girls aged 15-19 in 2010, down from 37.9 in 2009 and 61.8 in 1991 when the teen birth rate was at its peak. (prnewswire.com)
- Between 1991 and 2005, Oklahoma's teen birth numbers actually declined. (newson6.com)
- Since 1991, the overall teen rate has dropped by 44 percent. (csmonitor.com)
- New numbers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show the teen birth rate is rising, for the first time since 1991. (publicnewsservice.org)
- Statistical analysis suggested a negative correlation between birth rates and the timing of the epidemics between 1991 and 2006. (medindia.net)
- The crude birth rate calculated in the preceding example, is the most common measure of fertility because it requires the least amount of data and measures the impact of fertility on population growth. (encyclopedia.com)
- The crude birth rate is aptly named when used to compare childbearing levels between populations. (encyclopedia.com)
- If women of childbearing age compose different proportions in the populations under consideration or within the same population in a longitudinal analysis, the crude birth rate is an unreliable indicator of the relative level of childbearing. (encyclopedia.com)
- A portion of Utah's 61 percent higher crude birth rate is due to the state's higher proportion of childbearing-age women, 23 percent, versus 20 percent in Florida (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1994). (encyclopedia.com)
- The proportion of childbearing-age women varies more widely between nations, making the crude birth rate a poor choice for international comparisons. (encyclopedia.com)
- Other rates that more precisely specify the population at risk are better comparative measures of childbearing, although only the crude birth rate measures the impact of fertility on population growth. (encyclopedia.com)
- When the crude death rate is subtracted from the crude birth rate, the result is the rate of natural increase (RNI). (wikipedia.org)
- The total (crude) birth rate (which includes all births)-typically indicated as births per 1,000 population-is distinguished from an age-specific rate (the number of births per 1,000 persons in an age group). (wikipedia.org)
- Policies to increase the crude birth rate are known as pro-natalist policies, and policies to reduce the crude birth rate are known as anti-natalist policies. (wikipedia.org)
- also known as crude birth rate. (cia.gov)
- Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration. (nationmaster.com)
Pregnancies that were terminated2
Lowered their preterm birth rates1
Girls ages 152
- Watch the one-hour webinar , CDC highlighted findings from the recent Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) on reductions in teen birth rates and persistent disparities and program partners in North Carolina and South Carolina described their efforts to address the social determinants of health through the Office of Adolescent Health/CDC Teen Pregnancy Prevention Community-Wide Initiative. (cdc.gov)
- To control for the effect of population size, analyses of fertility and mortality usually use rates. (encyclopedia.com)
- By 2010, there was a 2% decline in the mortality rate of live births and still births, compared to 2001. (rte.ie)
- First, the estimates and projections of vital rates, vital events, and midyear population presented are based on careful evaluation of census and survey results and, in part because of this evaluation process and associated estimation processes, represent a set of consistent estimates and projections of population, fertility, mortality, and international migration. (economy.com)
- The birth rate (along with mortality and migration rate) are used to calculate population growth. (wikipedia.org)
- Our goal was to investigate the neonatal mortality rate and the mortality rate during the NICU stay for extremely low birth weight infants born in Japan in 2005. (aappublications.org)
- The neonatal mortality rate and the mortality rate during the NICU stay were 13.0% and 17.0%, respectively, which were lower than 17.7% and 21.5% in the survey in 2000. (aappublications.org)
- The mortality rates of extremely low birth weight infants who were born in 2005 demonstrated definite improvement. (aappublications.org)
- Advances in perinatal technology, such as pulmonary surfactant replacement therapy, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, and prenatal administration of glucocorticosteroids, have resulted in decreasing mortality rates for preterm infants. (aappublications.org)
- Perinatal care systems, such as regionalization and prenatal maternal transfer, also have decreased mortality rates for infants. (aappublications.org)
- In the latest 3 surveys, the mortality rates for ELBW infants have been improving. (aappublications.org)
- 1 - 3 The objectives of this study were to investigate the mortality rate of ELBW infants in 2005, to compare the data with those for previous years, and to elucidate factors influencing mortality rates. (aappublications.org)
- We know that there are no reductions in maternal and neonatal mortality when the cesarean birth rate is above 15%, yet globally these rates are escalating and birthing units are becoming surgical suites for more than one-third of women giving birth. (nursingcenter.com)
- On the other hand, in developing countries (especially in rural areas and among poor, uninsured women), the recommended lower limit for cesarean births is 5% to 10% in order to avoid high rates of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity from obstetrical complications of vaginal births, because many of these areas do not have the resources to manage high-risk pregnancies. (nursingcenter.com)
- A 2013 Harvard study that showed that black women in states that formerly had Jim Crow laws enforcing racial segregation, a higher rate of infant mortality than in other states. (kpbs.org)
Decline in births2
Increase in births1
- At the state level, differences in teen birth rates persist, both within and across states. (cdc.gov)
- State teen birth rates vary greatly, ranging from a low of 11.3 per 1,000 female teens aged 15-19 years (Massachusetts) to a high of 41.5. (cdc.gov)
- Less favorable socioeconomic conditions (high unemployment, low education and income) in counties with the highest teen birth rates. (cdc.gov)
- Establish diverse partnerships to address the social determinants of health that underlie high teen birth rates. (cdc.gov)
- Certain social determinants, such as high unemployment, low education, and low income, have been associated with higher teen birth rates. (cdc.gov)
- Interventions that address socioeconomic conditions like these can play a critical role in addressing disparities observed in U.S. teen births rates. (cdc.gov)
- Birth rates continued to fall for teen moms and for women in their 20s. (pbs.org)
- As a result, the researchers found, both teen births and overall abortion rates plummeted. (livescience.com)
- Among women in the free contraceptive program, the teen birth rate was 6.3 per 1,000 women, a huge difference from the national teen birth rate of 34.3 per 1,000 women. (livescience.com)
- WASHINGTON , Nov. 17, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The U.S. teen birth rate declined 9% in 2010 and is now at the lowest level ever reported, according to data released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). (prnewswire.com)
- Some experts blame the teen birth rate increases on the government's support for "abstinence-only" education under the Bush administration that left office in January, but advocates of that approach have defended it as sound. (reuters.com)
- The teen birth rate in the U.S. had declined dramatically in past years because of both less sex and more contraception," Bill Albert of the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy advocacy group said in a telephone interview. (reuters.com)
- The teen birth rate is now going up probably for the opposite set of reasons - the combination of more sex and less contraception. (reuters.com)
- Two years of increases in the teen birth rate are a wake-up call showing the need to target efforts to help teens delay sexual activity, improve contraceptive use, and delay early and generally unplanned childbearing," said Jennifer Manlove of Child Trends. (reuters.com)
- The rise in the number of births for older teens helped push Oklahoma from 6th to 5th highest teen birth rate overall. (newson6.com)
- Teen birth rates fell to 31.3 per 1,000, the lowest since 1940. (deseretnews.com)
- New York - Teen births fell to a record low in the United States in 2010, according to a new government report. (csmonitor.com)
- Nearly every state saw a decline in teen births from 2007 to 2010, with the biggest drop in the southwestern Arizona at 29 percent. (csmonitor.com)
- Even as it leads the U.S. with 55 teen births per 1,000 girls, Mississippi 's rate has been falling like everywhere else. (csmonitor.com)
- New Hampshire has the lowest teen birth rate at just under 16. (csmonitor.com)
- Independent experts question how much influence state programs have on teen birth rates, but a leading expert on teen-age pregnancy said he could not rule out the possibility that Maryland's efforts are having a positive effect. (baltimoresun.com)
- It looks like Maryland may be doing marginally better in reducing teen birth rates than the average state," said Stanley Henshaw, deputy director of research at the Alan Guttmacher Institute in New York. (baltimoresun.com)
- Henshaw pointed to a number of factors that could be influencing the national trend toward fewer teen births, including family planning programs, sex education and a robust economy. (baltimoresun.com)
- From 1996 to 1997, the decline in Maryland's teen births was a steady but unspectacular 4.5 percent -- about identical to the national average. (baltimoresun.com)
- Henshaw said that on the national level, the drop in teen births has been largely driven by a strong decline in pregnancies among African-American adolescents. (baltimoresun.com)
- Teen birth rate declines in Md. (baltimoresun.com)
- Why is the U.S. teen birth rate falling? (pewresearch.org)
- Asians and Pacific Islanders led the way over this time, followed by Hispanics, with teen birth rate declines of 74% and 65%, respectively. (pewresearch.org)
- Despite rapid declines in teen birth rates across all major racial and ethnic groups, disparities persist. (pewresearch.org)
- Teen birth rates peaked at 96.3 per 1,000 in 1957, the midst of the baby boom, after having risen dramatically following the end of World War II. (pewresearch.org)
- The teen birth rate has been on a steep decline since the early 1990s, and that trend accelerated after the onset of the Great Recession in 2007. (pewresearch.org)
- What else may be contributing to the decline in teen birth rates? (pewresearch.org)
- The teen rate is a "phenomenal decline," said Dr. Elise Berlan, a physician in the section of adolescent medicine at Nationwide Children's Hospital. (wtvr.com)
- While the teen birth rate across the state was the lowest in history, the teen birth rate in Worcester increased 12 percent, according to the latest birth report issued by the state Department of Public Health on Monday. (telegram.com)
- Southbridge, despite having the fifth-highest teen birth rate in the state, showed a decline in the overall number of teen births. (telegram.com)
- Other local communities showing a decline in teen births were Leominster and Fitchburg. (telegram.com)
- or 17.1 births per 1,000 women from 15 to 19 years old, which is the lowest teen birth rate ever recorded, according to the DPH. (telegram.com)
- Looking ahead, state officials anticipate far fewer teen moms and, by 2040, higher rates of birth among women in their late 30s than women in their late 20s. (ocregister.com)
- The national teen birth rate declined 41 percent between 2006 to 2014 - and dropped by 51 percent among Hispanics, 44 percent among blacks and 35 percent among whites. (nbcnewyork.com)
- Many other researchers have shown that abstinence-only education does not reduce teen pregnancy rates. (nbcnewyork.com)
- How are three neighboring counties in Texas doing on reducing teen births across three age categories? (kidscount.org)
- ATLANTA (AP) -- The U.S. teen birth rate in 2009 fell to its lowest point in almost 70 years of record-keeping -- a decline that stunned experts who believe it's partly due to the recession. (middletownpress.com)
- The cumulative effect of such campaigns may have played an important role in pushing down the teen birth rate, Ventura said. (middletownpress.com)
- The birth rate for teenage girls rose 5 percent between 2005 and 2007, according to the report. (reuters.com)
- Birth rates among teenage moms rates are at the lowest level since 1940. (csmonitor.com)
- The rate for teenage moms reached its lowest point since record-keeping began in 1940. (csmonitor.com)
- It also has improved child development centers, encouraged companies to set up childcare centers, given the right to leave from work for giving birth, and prevented teenage pregnancy problems. (nationmultimedia.com)
- Teenage mother birth rate. (nationmaster.com)
- From 2009 to 2010, the rate of teenage births fell by 9 percent, to 34.9 per thousand, the lowest rate ever reported in the 65 years for which data is available. (nytimes.com)
- From 2007 to 2010, teenage pregnancy rates declined in every state except Montana, North Dakota and West Virginia, where there was no significant difference over the period. (nytimes.com)
- A version of this article appears in print on 04/17/2012, on page D 5 of the NewYork edition with the headline: Teenage Birth Rate Is Lowest Since 1946. (nytimes.com)
- Teenage moms, who account for about 10 percent of the nation's births, are not unique. (middletownpress.com)
Premature birth rates5
- But for parents, there might be a small silver lining - new research is strengthening the evidence that premature birth rates may be dropping. (yahoo.com)
- Looking at different windows of time, the researchers found that premature birth rates were down between 15 to 23%, neonatologist and lead study author Jasper Been told the New York Times . (yahoo.com)
- In both of those reports - which were compiled and published independent of each other, but at similar times - doctors found that premature birth rates had dropped drastically. (yahoo.com)
- One bright spot in the report was that three states and Puerto Rico did show a decline in their premature birth rates. (kpbs.org)
- The states with the highest premature birth rates were mostly in the South and the lower Midwest. (kpbs.org)
Dropped 10 percent1
- Every pregnant woman in the U.S. should be alarmed by this rate," Pam Udy, president of the International Cesarean Awareness Network advocacy group, said in a statement. (reuters.com)
- Elective primary cesarean births-both by maternal request and by physician choice-seem to be increasing globally. (nursingcenter.com)
- Country or regional comparisons of cesarean birth rates are challenging because of varying types of data available, but overall rates are estimated to vary from 2.9% in Sub-Saharan Africa to 26.3% in Southeast Asia ( Stanton & Holtz, 2006 ). (nursingcenter.com)
- Elective primary cesarean birth rates are among the highest in the world in Latin America, with a reported rate of 80% to 90% in white, insured women who give birth in private hospitals. (nursingcenter.com)
- Differences in rates have been found in Greek public and private hospitals and in South Korea, where a study reported that providers and the healthcare system contribute to high cesarean birth rates rather than maternal demand. (nursingcenter.com)
- The rates of cesarean births in Brazil are high. (nursingcenter.com)
- In Sao Paulo, Brazil, 59 private hospitals have cesarean birth rates over 80%, and women at 38 weeks' gestation are scheduled for a collective cesarean "surgical day. (nursingcenter.com)
- The terms "the cut above" and "the cut below" are used in reference to the high prevalence of cesarean births and episiotomies in Brazil. (nursingcenter.com)
- Strategies for reversing this trend for higher cesarean birth rates include hospital second opinion policies, better education of women of childbearing age regarding potential risks and benefits, and informed consent. (nursingcenter.com)
- Increased understanding of women's motivation, values, cultural factors, and fears related to requesting elective cesarean births through qualitative inquiry is essential. (nursingcenter.com)
- Meeting this goal depends on the reduction of cesarean births worldwide. (nursingcenter.com)
- Global development efforts, such as the United Nations Population Fund, should include a focus on achieving an appropriate level of cesarean births throughout the world. (nursingcenter.com)
- The cesarean delivery rate rose yet again, to about 33 percent of births. (middletownpress.com)
- Crude birth rates at the end of the twentieth century range from over 40 per 1,000 in many African countries and a few Asian countries such as Yemen and Afghanistan to less than 12 per 1,000 in the slow-growing or declining countries of Europe and Japan (Population Reference Bureau 1998). (encyclopedia.com)
- The 2012 rate represents a 10% drop and the best rate since 1998. (cnn.com)
- The 39 percent difference in the two states' general fertility rates is substantially less than that indicated by their crude birth rates which are confounded by age-composition differences. (encyclopedia.com)
- Providing free, reliable birth control to women could prevent between 41 percent and 71 percent of abortions in the United States, new research finds. (livescience.com)
- They found that the program reduced the abortion rate among these women by 62 percent to 78 percent. (livescience.com)
- In Europe as of July 2011, Ireland's birth rate is 16.5 per 1000 (3.5 percent higher than the next-ranked country, the UK). (wikipedia.org)
- In July 2011, the UK's Office for National Statistics (ONS) announced a 2.4 percent increase in live births in the UK in 2010. (wikipedia.org)
- The youth unemployment rate stands at a staggering 35 percent, prompting young people to both hold off on starting a family and leave in search of work. (pbs.org)
- Births to women 20-24 fell 3 percent from 2010 to 2011 and the birth rate dropped 5 percent. (deseretnews.com)
- Most startling, the actual number of births was down by 500,000 from 2007 - even though there were 7 percent more women in the child-bearing ages of 20 to 39. (durangoherald.com)
- Maryland's rate continues to be less than the national average of 5.23 percent. (baltimoresun.com)
- According to a Centers for Disease Control study reported by the Associated Press, the number of births shrank 2.7 percent in 2009, despite an increase in the population. (observer.com)
- That's a decrease of more than 9 percent since a high of 5,641 births in 2004. (sfexaminer.com)
- There was a one percent decline in the number of births for white women and a 2 percent decline in the birth rate for African-Americans. (eurasiareview.com)
- The birth rate for single women dropped by 3 percent in 2011, and the birth rate for married women rose by 1 percent. (eurasiareview.com)
- For women between the ages of 30 and 34, the birth rate increased by 1 percent over 2015 - the highest rate for this age group since 1964. (wtvr.com)
- The birth rate for women who are between 35 and 39 is up 2 percent over 2015, representing the highest rate since 1962. (wtvr.com)
- We want to bring everybody up to an overall rate of over 80 percent," said Martin. (wtvr.com)
- The report showed a 12 percent decline from 2009, when there were 19.5 births per 1,000 in the same age group. (telegram.com)
- 54 percent of the women giving birth in 2010 were 30 years old or older, compared to only 25 percent in 1980. (telegram.com)
- That rate was 12.3 for Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside and San Bernardino counties and a Southern California News Group analysis of state projections shows the region's rate could fall another 24 percent by 2040. (ocregister.com)
- Fertility rates among California women under 29 fell from 1990 to 2015, most sharply by 74 percent among teens 15 to 19, according to state Department of Finance data. (ocregister.com)
- In contrast, rates for women aged 35 to 39 and 40 to 44 rose 45 percent and 67 percent, respectively. (ocregister.com)
- The birth rate among teens aged 15 to 19 dropped 61 percent, from 61.8 to 24.2 births per 1,000, the team at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. (nbcnewyork.com)
- In 16 states, the rate fell more than 20 percent. (nytimes.com)
- Vermont had the lowest rate at 7.5 percent. (kpbs.org)
- Black women have a 49 percent higher rate of premature birth than women of all other races and ethnicities. (kpbs.org)
- Rhode Island has lowered its preterm birth rate steadily since 2007, when the rate was 10.8 percent. (kpbs.org)
- As a country, we seem to have lost our way," he said, "and Arkansas is an example of a state that dropped a full grade because its rate went up by 0.8 percent. (publicnewsservice.org)
- The birth rate for women in their early 20s plummeted 7 percent, the largest decline for that age group since 1973. (middletownpress.com)
- The birth rate for women ages 40-44 was up 3 percent from 2008, to about 10 births per 1,000 women. (middletownpress.com)
Reduce premature birth1
- This report underscores the need for action to reduce premature birth in the U.S., and state and territorial health officials have a critical role in championing and implementing proven solutions," says David L. Lakey, M.D., president of the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials and Commissioner of the Texas Department of State Health Services. (rwjf.org)
- Birth rate , frequency of live births in a given population , conventionally calculated as the annual number of live births per 1,000 inhabitants. (britannica.com)
- More detailed analyses of the tempo of childbearing require extensive information about live birth order to make fertility rates for each age group specific for first births, second births, third births, and so forth (Shryock and Siegel 1976, p. 280). (encyclopedia.com)
- It's worth noting that birth rate figures only include live births. (pewresearch.org)
- Of the roughly 450,000 pregnancies among teens in 2013, about 61% are estimated to have ended in live births, 24% in abortions and 15% in miscarriages or stillbirths. (pewresearch.org)
- Data on live birth outcomes were available for 809 women. (drugs.com)
- Among women undergoing IVF, administration of acupuncture versus sham acupuncture at the time of ovarian stimulation and embryo transfer resulted in no significant difference in live birth rates," the authors write. (drugs.com)
- These findings do not support the use of acupuncture to improve the rate of live births among women undergoing IVF. (drugs.com)
- Number) Number of live births. (kidscount.org)
- Rate) Number of live births per 1,000 population. (kidscount.org)
- Population All live born singleton births delivered at 24-44 weeks of gestation (n=606 877, with n=448 520 spontaneous deliveries). (bmj.com)
- Differences by state do not take into account other state specific population characteristics that may affect the level of the birth characteristic. (cdc.gov)
- For example, a comparison of the 42,087 births in Utah with the 189,392 in Florida in 1996 reveals nothing about the relative levels of fertility because Florida has a larger population (Ventura et al. (encyclopedia.com)
- A rate measures the number of times an event such as birth occurs in a given period of time divided by the population at risk to that event. (encyclopedia.com)
- Dividing Florida's births by the state's population and multiplying by 1,000 yields a birth rate of 13 per 1,000. (encyclopedia.com)
- Its estimate of the population at risk to giving birth includes men, children, and postmenopausal women. (encyclopedia.com)
- This is equal to the rate of population change (excluding migration). (wikipedia.org)
- In 2012 the average global birth rate was 19.611 according to the World Bank and 19.15 births per 1,000 total population according to the CIA, compared to 20.09 per 1,000 total population in 2007. (wikipedia.org)
- Demographic transition theory postulates that as a country undergoes economic development and social change its population growth declines, with birth rates serving as an indicator. (wikipedia.org)
- Additional problems faced by a country with a high birth rate include educating a growing number of children, creating jobs for these children when they enter the workforce, and dealing with the environmental impact of a large population. (wikipedia.org)
- Census figures show the national population is steadily shrinking, the first time that's happened in 90 years, due in large part to the declining birthrate. (pbs.org)
- The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. (cia.gov)
- The National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has urged the government to implement additional measures to improve the birth rate in Thailand, following a recent study detailing the impact of a shrinking population. (nationmultimedia.com)
- The lack of a full rebound suggests that increased temperatures due to climate change may reduce population growth rates in the coming century," the authors wrote. (medindia.net)
- 45.46 births/1,000 population (2009 est. (usu.edu)
- 16.9 births/1,000 population (2009 est. (usu.edu)
- 18.2 births/1,000 population (2009 est. (usu.edu)
- 19.57 births/1,000 population (2009 est. (usu.edu)
- 8.83 births/1,000 population (2009 est. (usu.edu)
- 35.57 births/1,000 population (2009 est. (usu.edu)
- 36.93 births/1,000 population (2009 est. (usu.edu)
- But demographers warn the changing birth rate and population patterns may lead to a smaller workforce that will have to support more retirees, straining pension and health care systems. (ocregister.com)
- The U.S.'s preterm birth rate is the highest among industrialized countries, according to the March of Dimes. (cnn.com)
- A premature birth costs businesses about 12 times as much as uncomplicated healthy birth," March of Dimes President Dr. Jennifer L. Howse said in a statement. (cnn.com)
- The preterm birth rate peaked at 12.8% in 2006 after rising for more than two decades, according to the March of Dimes. (cnn.com)
- Christopher Howson, PHD, Vice President for Global Programs at the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, says the current worldwide rate of preterm births could be halved by 2025 if the recommended interventions are carried out. (rwjf.org)
- As November is Prematurity Awareness Month , the March of Dimes today released its annual prematurity birth report card . (cafemom.com)
- The March of Dimes credits education about medically unnecessary c-sections and inductions scheduled before 39 weeks of pregnancy as well as new treatments, like progesterone, which may help prevent some preterm births. (cafemom.com)
- Arkansas's premature birth rate is rising, dropping the state from a grade of C to a D on the March of Dimes' annual Premature Birth Report Card . (publicnewsservice.org)
- California is one of just five states to receive an "A" grade for its preterm birth rate, according to a March of Dimes report card released Thursday, HealthDay / U.S. News & World Report reports. (californiahealthline.org)