The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The offspring in multiple pregnancies (PREGNANCY, MULTIPLE): TWINS; TRIPLETS; QUADRUPLETS; QUINTUPLETS; etc.
Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.
Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.
Procedures to obtain viable OOCYTES from the host. Oocytes most often are collected by needle aspiration from OVARIAN FOLLICLES before OVULATION.
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
Used for general articles concerning statistics of births, deaths, marriages, etc.
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
Endometrial implantation of EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN at the BLASTOCYST stage.
Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.
Substances used either in the prevention or facilitation of pregnancy.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and the LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. The alpha subunit is common in the three human pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.
A technique that came into use in the mid-1980's for assisted conception in infertile women with normal fallopian tubes. The protocol consists of hormonal stimulation of the ovaries, followed by laparoscopic follicular aspiration of oocytes, and then the transfer of sperm and oocytes by catheterization into the fallopian tubes.
The techniques used to select and/or place only one embryo from FERTILIZATION IN VITRO into the uterine cavity to establish a singleton pregnancy.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
A triphenyl ethylene stilbene derivative which is an estrogen agonist or antagonist depending on the target tissue. Note that ENCLOMIPHENE and ZUCLOMIPHENE are the (E) and (Z) isomers of Clomiphene respectively.
The sequence in which children are born into the family.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.
Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.
Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Human artificial insemination in which the husband's semen is used.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which is primarily concerned with the collection, analysis, and dissemination of health statistics on vital events and health activities to reflect the health status of people, health needs, and health resources.
The technique of maintaining or growing mammalian EMBRYOS in vitro. This method offers an opportunity to observe EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT; METABOLISM; and susceptibility to TERATOGENS.
A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.
Age of the biological father.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
The earliest developmental stage of a fertilized ovum (ZYGOTE) during which there are several mitotic divisions within the ZONA PELLUCIDA. Each cleavage or segmentation yields two BLASTOMERES of about half size of the parent cell. This cleavage stage generally covers the period up to 16-cell MORULA.
A potent synthetic agonist of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with 3-(2-naphthyl)-D-alanine substitution at residue 6. Nafarelin has been used in the treatments of central PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY and ENDOMETRIOSIS.
The number of males per 100 females.
Number of fetal deaths with stated or presumed gestation of 20 weeks or more in a given population. Late fetal mortality is death after of 28 weeks or more.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.
Reporting to parents or guardians about care to be provided to a minor (MINORS).
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
Extracts of urine from menopausal women that contain high concentrations of pituitary gonadotropins, FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE and LUTEINIZING HORMONE. Menotropins are used to treat infertility. The FSH:LH ratio and degree of purity vary in different preparations.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.
Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
A post-MORULA preimplantation mammalian embryo that develops from a 32-cell stage into a fluid-filled hollow ball of over a hundred cells. A blastocyst has two distinctive tissues. The outer layer of trophoblasts gives rise to extra-embryonic tissues. The inner cell mass gives rise to the embryonic disc and eventual embryo proper.
The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.
The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the OVUM; ZYGOTE; or BLASTOCYST prior to implantation. CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS is performed to determine the presence or absence of genetic disease.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, to guide and determine present and future decisions on population control by limiting the number of children or controlling fertility, notably through family planning and contraception within the nuclear family.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Procedures to obtain viable sperm from the male reproductive tract, including the TESTES, the EPIDIDYMIS, or the VAS DEFERENS.
Diseases involving the FALLOPIAN TUBES including neoplasms (FALLOPIAN TUBE NEOPLASMS); SALPINGITIS; tubo-ovarian abscess; and blockage.
The non-susceptibility to infection of a large group of individuals in a population. A variety of factors can be responsible for herd immunity and this gives rise to the different definitions used in the literature. Most commonly, herd immunity refers to the case when, if most of the population is immune, infection of a single individual will not cause an epidemic. Also, in such immunized populations, susceptible individuals are not likely to become infected. Herd immunity can also refer to the case when unprotected individuals fail to contract a disease because the infecting organism has been banished from the population.
Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Mechanical or anoxic trauma incurred by the infant during labor or delivery.
Methods pertaining to the generation of new individuals, including techniques used in selective BREEDING, cloning (CLONING, ORGANISM), and assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED).
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A condition of having no sperm present in the ejaculate (SEMEN).
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
A complication of OVULATION INDUCTION in infertility treatment. It is graded by the severity of symptoms which include OVARY enlargement, multiple OVARIAN FOLLICLES; OVARIAN CYSTS; ASCITES; and generalized EDEMA. The full-blown syndrome may lead to RENAL FAILURE, respiratory distress, and even DEATH. Increased capillary permeability is caused by the vasoactive substances, such as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS, secreted by the overly-stimulated OVARIES.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).
Hormones that stimulate gonadal functions such as GAMETOGENESIS and sex steroid hormone production in the OVARY and the TESTIS. Major gonadotropins are glycoproteins produced primarily by the adenohypophysis (GONADOTROPINS, PITUITARY) and the placenta (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN). In some species, pituitary PROLACTIN and PLACENTAL LACTOGEN exert some luteotropic activities.
A potent synthetic analog of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with D-serine substitution at residue 6, glycine10 deletion, and other modifications.
The fusion of a spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) with an OVUM thus resulting in the formation of a ZYGOTE.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A decapeptide that stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. GnRH is produced by neurons in the septum PREOPTIC AREA of the HYPOTHALAMUS and released into the pituitary portal blood, leading to stimulation of GONADOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
The inability of the male to effect FERTILIZATION of an OVUM after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Delivery of an infant through the vagina in a female who has had a prior cesarean section.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS.

Focus on adolescent pregnancy and childbearing: a bit of history and implications for the 21st century. (1/665)

Early childbearing in the United States has roots in the past; is the focus of intense partisan debate at the present time; and will have demographic, social, and economic ramifications in the future. It is an extremely complex issue, for which its associated problems have no easy or simple answers. Early parenthood is viewed as a social problem that has defied public policy attempts to stem its growth. It has become the focus of concern primarily for three reasons: (1) sexual activity has increased sharply, most recently among the youngest teens; (2) out-of-wedlock childbearing has risen among all teenagers, regardless of age; and (3) the issue of welfare. A review of statistics highlights the problem and discussion focuses on means of mitigating the negative effects of early childbearing.  (+info)

Driving through: postpartum care during World War II. (2/665)

In 1996, public outcry over shortened hospital stays for new mothers and their infants led to the passage of a federal law banning "drive-through deliveries." This recent round of brief postpartum stays is not unprecedented. During World War II, a baby boom overwhelmed maternity facilities in American hospitals. Hospital births became more popular and accessible as the Emergency Maternal and Infant Care program subsidized obstetric care for servicemen's wives. Although protocols before the war had called for prolonged bed rest in the puerperium, medical theory was quickly revised as crowded hospitals were forced to discharge mothers after 24 hours. To compensate for short inpatient stays, community-based services such as visiting nursing care, postnatal homes, and prenatal classes evolved to support new mothers. Fueled by rhetoric that identified maternal-child health as a critical factor in military morale, postpartum care during the war years remained comprehensive despite short hospital stays. The wartime experience offers a model of alternatives to legislation for ensuring adequate care of postpartum women.  (+info)

Preterm singleton births--United States, 1989-1996. (3/665)

Preterm birth (birth at <37 completed weeks of gestation) is the second leading cause of neonatal mortality in the United States. Preterm birthrates differ by race; in 1996, black infants were 1.8 times more likely than white infants to be preterm. From 1989 through 1996, the overall rate of preterm birth (per 1000 live-born infants) increased 4%, and the rate of multiple births (e.g., twins, triplets, or other higher-order births) increased 19%. Multiple births are associated with preterm birth; trends in preterm births independent of the influence of multiple births have not been fully explored. To characterize race- and ethnicity-specific trends in preterm birth independent of multiple births, data from U.S. birth certificates for 1989-1996 were analyzed for singleton births only. This report summarizes the results of this analysis and indicates that although singleton preterm birthrates are stable overall, substantial changes in rates occurred in some racial/ethnic subgroups.  (+info)

Relation between size of delivery unit and neonatal death in low risk deliveries: population based study. (4/665)

AIM: To examine risk of neonatal death after low risk pregnancies in relation to size of delivery units. METHODS: A population based study of live born singleton infants in Norway with birthweights of at least 2500 g was carried out. Antenatal risk factors were adjusted for. RESULTS: From 1972 to 1995, 1.25 million births fulfilled the criteria. The neonatal death rate was lowest for maternity units with 2001-3000 annual births and steadily increased with decreasing size of the maternity unit to around twice that for units with less than 100 births a year (odds ratio 2.1; 95 % confidence interval 1.6 to 2.8). Institutions with more than 3000 deliveries a year also had a higher rate (odds ratio 1.7; 95% CI 1.4 to 2.0), but analyses suggest that this rate is overestimated. CONCLUSION: Around 2000 to 3000 annual births are needed to reduce the risk of neonatal deaths after low risk deliveries.  (+info)

Fertility rates in Denmark in relation to the sexes of preceding children in the family. (5/665)

Analysis of the effect of sex combination of previously born children in the family on fertility rates was performed for 363,373 Danish families comprising a total of 613,900 children, to address the questions of sex preference and combination preference. The fertility rates were stratified by parental age, period and latency time to the next child, and fertility rate ratios were estimated using multiplicative Poisson regression models. Our results demonstrate a strong preference for a balanced composition of sexes in Danish families. In families with two or three children the highest fertility rates were seen in families who had same-sexed children. The lowest fertility rates were in families with two children of identical sex followed by a child of the opposite sex. A moderate sex preference for girls was indicated by higher fertility rates in two-boy families than in two-girl families.  (+info)

Effect of labour induction on rates of stillbirth and cesarean section in post-term pregnancies. (6/665)

BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials suggest that elective induction of labour at 41 weeks' gestation, compared with expectant management with selective labour induction, is associated with fewer perinatal deaths and no increase in the cesarean section rate. The authors studied the changes over time in the rates of labour induction in post-term pregnancies in Canada and examined the effects on the rates of stillbirth and cesarean section. METHODS: Changes in the proportion of total births at 41 weeks' and at 42 or more weeks' gestation, and in the rate of stillbirths at 41 or more weeks' (versus 40 weeks') gestation in Canada between 1980 and 1995 were determined using data from Statistics Canada. Changes in the rates of labour induction and cesarean section were determined using data from hospital and provincial sources. RESULTS: There was a marked increase in the proportion of births at 41 weeks' gestation (from 11.9% in 1980 to 16.3% in 1995) and a marked decrease in the proportion at 42 or more weeks (from 7.1% in 1980 to 2.9% in 1995). The rate of stillbirths among deliveries at 41 or more weeks' gestation decreased significantly, from 2.8 per 1000 total births in 1980 to 0.9 per 1000 total births in 1995 (p < 0.001). The stillbirth rate also decreased significantly among births at 40 weeks' gestation, from 1.8 per 1000 total births in 1980 to 1.1 per 1000 total births in 1995 (p < 0.001). The magnitude of the decrease in the stillbirth rate at 41 or more weeks' gestation was greater than that at 40 weeks' gestation (p < 0.001). All hospital and provincial sources of data indicated that the rate of labour induction increased significantly between 1980 and 1995 among women delivering at 41 or more weeks' gestation. The associated changes in rates of cesarean section were variable. INTERPRETATION: Between 1980 and 1995 clinical practice for the management of post-term pregnancy changed in Canada. The increased rate of labour induction at 41 or more weeks' gestation may have contributed to the decreased stillbirth rate but it had no convincing influence either way on the cesarean section rate.  (+info)

Regional variations in need for and provision and use of child health services in England and Wales. (7/665)

An analysis of indicators of the need for and provision and use of child health services in the 15 pre- 1974 hospital board regions in England and Wales showed that need and provisions were badly matched. There was a high degree of correlation between the indices within each of the three groups, indicating that a region with a small provision in one area of child health services would tend to have few resources in other areas also. Statistics on the use of services relate more to the provision of those services than to the need for them. Regions with large resources will justify these resources by claiming that their use statistics indicate needs, whereas they really indicate met demands. It is more important to identify demands and needs that are not being met.  (+info)

Births: final data for 1997. (8/665)

OBJECTIVES: This report presents 1997 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal demographic characteristics including age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, marital status, and educational attainment; maternal lifestyle and health characteristics (medical risk factors, weight gain, and tobacco and alcohol use); medical care utilization by pregnant women (prenatal care, obstetric procedures, complications of labor and/or delivery, attendant at birth, and method of delivery); and infant health characteristics (period of gestation, birthweight, Apgar score, abnormal conditions, congenital anomalies, and multiple births). Also presented are birth and fertility rates by age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status. Selected data by mother's State of residence are shown including teenage birth rates and total fertility rates, as well as data on month and day of birth, sex ratio, and age of father. Trends in fertility patterns and maternal and infant characteristics are described and interpreted. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations of data reported on the birth certificates of the 3.9 million births that occurred in 1997 are presented. RESULTS: Birth and fertility rates declined very slightly in 1997. Birth rates for teenagers fell 3 to 5 percent. Rates for women in their twenties changed very little, whereas rates for women in their thirties rose 2 percent. The number of births and the birth rate for unmarried women each declined slightly in 1997 while the percent of births that were to unmarried women was unchanged. Smoking by pregnant women overall dropped again in 1997, but continued to increase among teenagers. Improvements in prenatal care utilization continued. The cesarean delivery rate increased slightly after declining for 7 consecutive years. The proportion of multiple birth continued to rise; higher order multiple births (e.g., triplets, quadruplets) rose by 14 percent in 1997, following a 20 percent rise from 1995 to 1996. Key measures of birth outcome--the percents of low birthweight and preterm births--increased, with particularly large increases in the preterm rate. These changes are in large part the result of increases in multiple births.  (+info)

Data & statistics on Ohio Crude Birth Rate: Ohios Crude Birth Rate, 2001 to 2007, Crude and Age-Adjusted Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, for United States, Ohio and Hamilton County, 20023, Ohio Rate of Live Births by Race, 1992 - 2005...
The teenage birth rate in the United States has fallen to a record low in the seven decades since such statistics were last collected. A report released Tuesday by the National Center for Health Statistics showed the teenage birth rate for American teenagers fell 9% from 2009 to 2010.
Poking around Google Data Explorer I reacquainted myself with an interesting fact: though the teen birth rate in Bangladesh is greater than that in Pakistan, the total fertility rate is far lower. The disjunction has emerged over the last generation, as Bangladeshs TFR has dropped much faster than Pakistans. To the left you see a scatter plot, which shows teen fertility rates (age 15-19) as a function of total fertility rates. Ive labeled a few nations, and also added the color coding by region. It is notable that the nations above the trend line seem to be Latin American, while those below are disproportionately Middle Eastern. That means that Latin American nations have higher teen fertility in relation to their total fertility, while Middle Eastern nations have lower teen fertility in relation to their total fertility. Sweden actually has a rather high fertility rate in relation to its teen birth rate. The expectation is generated by world wide patterns, so I thought Id look more closely ...
According to new a report release by the National Center for Health Statistics, fertility rates in the United States are continuing to decline and we have now reached a point where the number of new babies born is below whats needed for the population to replace itself.. For the population to be able to replace itself, the total fertility rate needs to be 2,100 births per 1,000 women of childbearing age over their lifetime. But, according to the new report, the total fertility rate in 2017 was 1,765.5 births per 1,000 women. In 2016, it was 1,820.5 births per 1,000 women. The total fertility rate has been declining for the past seven years, but the 2017 numbers show the biggest drop in recent history.. While this information may sound grim, it it not necessarily a picture of doom. Fertility rates were bound to decline after the peak rates that were seen during the time of the baby boom generation. So, this is not unexpected news. In addition, year after year, we have been seeing a decline in ...
Birth rate; crude (per 1;000 people) in Paraguay was last measured at 23.73 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Birth rate - crude (per 1;000 people) in Paraguay.
As of 2002, the Total Fertility Rate (TFR), defined as the children per woman was 3.4. The General Fertility Rate (GFR), defined as the births per 1,000 women between the ages of 15 and 45 remained at 109.0. The Crude Birth Rate (CBR), the number of births per 1,000 population, was 27.0. The percentage of women pregnant as of 2002 out of the total population was 7.1 per cent. The mean number of children ever born stood at 4.8. The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), defined as the number of deaths of children for every 1,000 born was 39.0 while the Child Mortality Rate (CMR), defined as the number of child deaths for every 1,000 children 5 years of age was 22.0. The under-5 mortality rate stood at 60.0. The number of children with the prevalence of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) was 1069, fever was 1069, and Diarrhea was 1069. The number of women with the knowledge of AIDS was 2,264 and the number of people with no knowledge of the disease or its prevention was 0.2 per cent.[5] As of 2005, the ...
The single most important factor in determining future population is the total fertility rate (TFR). The TFR is defined as the average number of babies born to women during their reproductive years. A TFR of 2.1 is considered the replacement rate; once a TFR of a population reaches 2.1 the population will remain stable assuming no immigration or emigration takes place. When the TFR is greater than 2.1 a population will increase and when it is less than 2.1 a population will eventually decrease, although due to the age structure of a population it will take years before a low TFR is translated into lower population. [For the TFRs of all countries, click here and scroll down for the relevant links; in looking at the worlds TFRs, ask yourself how worldview and TFR correlate.] ...
The map displayed here shows how Total fertility rate varies by country. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. The darker the shade, the higher the value.
Data & statistics on teenage births in the united states: Birth rates for teenagers: United States, 1990-2004, Number of births, birth rates, fertility rates, total fertility rates, and birth rates for teenagers 15-19 years by age of mother: United States, each State and territory, 2001, B. Birth rates for teenagers 15-19 years by state, 1991 and 2004, and percentage change 1991-2004: United States and each state and territory...
Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children ...
the patterns of recent fertility among immigrant women along the dimensions of national origin, education, geographic settlement, and linguistic behavior using data from the 2000-2004 American Community Survey.. Estimates of fertility for the overseas-born based on the period Total Fertility Rate (TFR) suggest that levels of bearing are significantly higher among foreign-born women than women born in the UK. However, migration and timing of subsequent family. Birth and fertility among the resident population Year 2016 This major decline is partly due to the recent sharp drop in weddings, which hit the minimum in 2014, when only 189,765 weddings were celebrated (57,000 less Total Fertility rate of foreign women 2.65 2.43 1.97 1.94 1.97. According to recent estimates, the Total Fertility Rate for Hispanic women was 2.4, (2011) demonstrated that the higher levels of observed fertility among foreign-born Hispanic women - and Mexicans in particular - is a result of both the demographic composition of ...
Twelve years ago, unintended pregnancies among young women in Colorado was at a stubbornly high rate. Federally funded family planning clinics in the state had been providing free contraception to families who couldnt afford them for four decades, yet six of every 10 women, ages 15 to 24, who had a live birth that year said their pregnancy had been unintended. In 2008, an anonymous donation allowed the state to expand family planning services and for the first time provide long-acting reversible contraception, such as IUDs and implants, to low-income women at little to no cost. Over the next five years, the states teen birth and abortion rates were cut in half.. While the state changed the way it asked about unintended pregnancies, health officials found that between 2009 and 2017 the birth rate for those 15 to 19, dropped 57 percent - from 37.5 births per 1,000 teens to 16.1, the steepest drop in the country. During the same time, the abortion rate fell by about 64 percent.. Results like ...
BOSTON (AP) - A new report say the birth rate for teens in the state has fallen to its lowest point on record. The annual Massachusetts birth report released on Monday also showed a slight drop in …
Using U.S county level data on lead in air for 1978-1988, this paper provides the first causal evidence on the effects of airborne lead exposure on the general fertility rate and the completed fertility rate in the broad population. Instrumental variable estimates show the increase in completed fertility implied by the average observed decrease in airborne lead is 0.14 children per woman, which is 6.4 percent of mean fertility. To explore the current relevance of our findings, we estimate the effect of lead historically accumulated in topsoil on fertility in the 2000s. The results suggest that lead may continue to impair fertility today, both in the United States and in other countries that have significant amounts of lead in topsoil. ...
Birth is a complete expulsion or extraction from the mother of a foetus, irrespective alive or dead, that meet the following criteria: not. a) body weight at birth of 800 grams and over and / or 26 weeks of gestation;. b) body weight at birth of less than 800 grams and / or less than 26 weeks of gestation - provided that the foetus was born alive and has lived at least 3 days.. Alive is a foetus who shows signs of blood circulation. In absence of such signs, the foetus is considered dead (foetus mortuus).. Abortion is a loss or interruption of a pregnancy before the foetus to meet the above mentioned criteria. Crude birth rate is the ratio of the number of live births during the year to the average annual population in that year. The value is expressed per 1000 inhabitants.. The total fertility rate is the sum of the age-specific fertility rates for the reference year. It represents the mean number of children that would be born alive to a woman during her lifetime if she were to pass ...
The population of Ağrı is stable around 550,000 since 2000. Ağrı has the second highest total fertility rate in Turkey, with 3.69 children per woman (only Şanlıurfa province has a higher fertility rate). The crude birth rate is 28.3% in 2016, down from 31.1% in 2011. The crude death rate is 3.4%, down from 4.7% in 2011. The natural growth rate is 24.9%, down from 26.4% in 2011. Ağrı has a slightly higher infant mortality rate at 14.1% (compared to the Turkish average at 10.0%), down from 22.0% in 2011. Many people leave the remote rural areas of the province Ağrı in search for a better life in the metropolitan areas (such as Istanbul and Ankara). That is the reason why the population growth is very minimal.[citation needed] A majority of its population, approximately 315,000 people, live in urban areas (59%) up from only 53,000 people in 1965 (22% of its population). That means a sixfold increase of the urban population. The urbanization rate is still increasing. However, Ağrı ...
Fertility Trends. UDHS data indicate that fertility in Uganda may be starting to decline. The total fertility rate has declined from the level of 7.1 births per woman that prevailed over the last 2 decades to 6.9 births for the period 1992-94. The crude birth rate for the period 1992-94 was 48 live births per I000 population, slightly lower than the level of 52 observed from the 1991 Population and Housing Census. For the roughly 80 percent of the country that was covered in the 1988-89 UDHS, fertility has declined from 7.3 to 6.8 births per woman, a drop of 7 percent over a six and a half year period ...
HealthDay Reporter. WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The number of U.S. women having babies rose last year for the first time since 2007, while births by teens fell to a record low.. Also lower in 2014 were the number of unmarried women giving birth, the number of cesarean deliveries and the preterm birth rate, federal health officials reported Wednesday.. All of these are positive outcomes as far as infant health is concerned, said report coauthor Michelle Osterman, a health statistician at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Preventions National Center for Health Statistics.. Dr. Mark DeFrancesco, president of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, said the new numbers show progress in womens health -- reflected in a record low in the teen birth rate, the decline in C-sections and a lower preterm birth rate.. Better preventing pregnancies among teenagers means that more women will have the opportunity to complete school, perhaps pursue careers and wait ...
The 2017 Revision of World Population Prospects represents the latest global set of demographic estimates and projections prepared by the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. It displays key demographic indicators for selected periods or dates from 1950 to 2100, for the world, development groups, regions, subregions, and countries or areas with more than 90,000 inhabitants in 2017. For countries or areas with fewer than 90,000 inhabitants in 2017, only figures related to population size and growth are provided. The estimates and projections contained in this revision cover a 150-year time horizon, which can be subdivided into estimates (1950 2015) and projections (2015-2100). A sample set of summary indicators are provided as part of UNdata. More detailed data by age and sex are available from the Population Divisions website. Citation: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2017). World ...
GeoVax Labs, Inc. (OTCQB: GOVX), a biotechnology company developing human vaccines, announced that its Chief Scientific Officer, Farshad Guirakhoo, PhD, will be presenting preliminary results from studies of GeoVaxs MUC1 cancer vaccine in collaboration with ViaMune, Inc. today at the Advances in Vaccine Technologies session at the Immuno-Oncology Summit in Boston, MA.
Photo by AngieMay A new study suggests that conservatively religious states tend to have the highest rates of teenagers giving birth. Experts say this...
Dear visitor, welcome to FertilityZone . If this is your first visit here, please read the Help. It explains in detail how this page works. To use all features of this page, you should consider registering. Please use the registration form, to register here or read more information about the registration process. If you are already registered, please login here.. ...
Dear visitor, welcome to FertilityZone . If this is your first visit here, please read the Help. It explains in detail how this page works. To use all features of this page, you should consider registering. Please use the registration form, to register here or read more information about the registration process. If you are already registered, please login here.. ...
We have updated total fertility (total fertility with projections). We have added South Sudan (at the time of writing it is not visible in the graph) and Greenland. We have also revised Romania, Finland and Sweden. See the new graph here.. ...
Preterm birth rates improved in almost every state between 2006 and 2009, and in several states the change was more than 10 percent, according to the March of Dimes 2011 Premature Birth Report Card.
Purpose: Urbanization, obesity and ageing associated with lifestyle changes (Westernized diet patterns, pollution, physical inactivity) have been proposed as the major contributing factors for the global rise in breast cancer (BCa) and have been the variables used to predict the future breast cancer rate. At the same time, socio-economic level, instead of birth rate, has been proposed for explanation of dramatic regional variations of breast cancer incidence. We sought to determine which factor plays the determining role in predicting worldwide breast cancer incidence rates and regional variations. Methods: Bivariate correlation was conducted to examine the relationships between country-specific estimates of birth rate, BCa incidence, urbanization, overweight, ageing and GDP. Partial correlation was performed to identify the correlation between BCa incidence with each independent variable while we controlled the other four variables. Multiple linear regression was used to identify the most significant
From 1989 to 1999/2001 the total fertility rate in Russia fell from replacement levels to around 1.1/1.3 and notable effort [1] has been put into explaining why birth rates fell so much, so quickly.. Grogan (2006) uses a household survey tracking data from 1994 to 2001 and finds that a large part of the decline in fertility among married couples can be attributed to the decline in household income in the same period. Grogan (2006) however also sheds light on other aspects of Russias fertility during the Soviet era. In particular, the paper sets out to explain completed cohort fertility for women born between 1936 and 1961 and finds that women with higher education had considerably lower completed cohort fertility rates than their counterparts. This squares well with the notion of the quantity/quality tradeoff of fertility famously developed by Gary S Becker [2] and how parents substitute quantity for quality as their income levels rise (with education), but it comes with an important twist in ...
Hugh Pickens writes The Washington Post reports that the U.S. birthrate is at its lowest since 1920, the earliest year with reliable records. The rate decreased to 63.2 births per 1,000 women of childbearing age — a little more than half of its peak, which was in 1957. The overall birthrate d...
Note** Crude Rate of natural Increase (or Natural Increase Rate) is the difference between the crude birth rate and the crude death rate. While birth and death rates usually are shown per thousand of the population, the rate of natural increase is usually expressed as a percentage. For example, the rate of natural increase of Tonga for 2003 was 20.5 per thousand is expressed as 2.1% (CRNI=NI / Mid = year population * 100).. * The surplus or excess of births over deaths in a given time period. Since births normally exceed deaths, natural increase is usually positive.. (NI = Birth - Death), - Not available. ...
TEMPORARY MEASURES DUE TO COVID-19: The current situation may lead to delays in the processing of non-urgent documentation requests. Clients are asked to consider postponing routine service requests at this time.. Refer to Marriage abroad.. Canadians wishing to get married in Germany need a certificate from the registrars office (Standesamt). Requirements for Canadians vary depending upon the couples status in Germany and where they plan to marry.. Canadians will be asked to present a long-form birth certificate indicating your parentage. Get the long-form birth certificate from a vital statistics office of the province or territory of birth.. Canadians may also be asked for a Ledigkeitsbescheinigung, which is a certificate of non-impediment to marriage stating that they are single. An exact equivalent does not exist in Canada. The Embassy of Canada in Berlin, however, can issue a statement in lieu of certificate of non-impediment to marriage for use in Germany only. The following are ...
There were 59 infant deaths registered in quarter 1 2010 giving an infant mortality rate of 3.2 deaths per 1,000 live births. The corresponding rate in quarter 1 2009 was 3.1 per 1,000 live births and was 5.5 per 1,000 live births in quarter 1 2001. The number of neonatal deaths (deaths of infants at ages under 4 weeks) in quarter 1 2010 was 37, 2.0 deaths per 1,000 live births ...
There were 6,825 deaths registered in quarter 3 2012, a decrease of 1.2% in the number of deaths registered in the third quarter of 2011. The quarter 3 2012 total represents a death rate of 6.0 per 1,000 of the population, the same rate as the corresponding quarter of 2011. Quarter 3 of 2003 was 0.7 per thousand of the population higher, with a rate of 6.7 per thousand of the population.. For those aged 65 and over, the annual death rate was 38.3 per 1,000 of the population (5,257 deaths). This compares with a rate of 39.9 per 1,000 of the population for the corresponding quarter of 2011, a decline of 4%. The decrease in this rate since 2003 was 18% .. There were 79 infant deaths registered in quarter 3 2012 giving an infant mortality rate of 4.4 deaths per 1,000 live births. The corresponding rate in quarter 3 2011 was 3.4 per 1,000 live births and was 5.3 per 1,000 live births in quarter 3 2003. The number of neonatal deaths (deaths of infants at ages under 4 weeks) in quarter 3 2012 was 61, ...
Data Source: death certificates filed in vital statistics offices of each state and the District of Columbia. Restrictions: In preparing the data file(s) for this collection, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has removed direct identifiers and characteristics that might lead to identification of xdata subjects. As an additional precaution NCHS requires, under Section 308(d) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 242m), that data collected by NCHS not be used for any purpose other than statistical analysis and reporting. NCHS further requires that analysts not use the data to learn the identity of any persons or establishments and that the director of NCHS be notified if any identities are inadvertently discovered. ICPSR member institutions and other users ordering data from ICPSR are expected to adhere to these restrictions.. ...
Trumbull, CT (PRWEB) April 03, 2012 -- A new technology currently available through Park Avenue Fertility is used to improve pregnancy and live birth rates
According to the Office of National Statistics, a steady decrease in births and fertility from previous years is evident in England and Wales, as is the case elsewhere. Here, state reforms and economic austerity measures of the welfare system (such as reductions in housing benefit and room sharing) played a part, though much more subtly than in China. Total fertility rates are also decreasing, and the average age of mothers has increased to 30.0 years, compared with 29.8 years in 2012.. These national statistics reflect behavioural changes, lifestyle choices and attitudes towards competing interests (Galinsky et al., 2011). We weigh up finances, career prospects and housing situations when deciding if and when to start a family. Also, other social issues, including a decline in childbearing within marriage, an increase in people remaining single, and more lesbian and gay partnerships, affect and limit reproductive choices and contribute in turn to the changing fertility rates. Yet survey ...
The countrys preterm birth rate dropped to 11.5%, but the United States still ranks behind other developed countries that have lower numbers.
Due to lack of resources, increase in Birth rate is major problem of some countries while some nations are struggling to increase it.
Breitbart NewsItaly set to double baby bonus to fight birth rate apocalypseBreitbart NewsSIGN UP FOR OUR NEWSLETTER. Rome (AFP) - Italys health
Frances coronavirus lockdown has eroded economic activity to a bare minimum, the national statistics office said Thursday.. Like a person placed under anaesthesia, the French economy can now ensure only its vital functions, INSEE said, estimating that activity in the private sector, which makes up around three-fourths of total GDP, had plunged 41 percent overall.. Some industries, like construction, restaurants and tourism, have effectively been at a standstill since the business closures and stay-at-home orders were announced in mid-March.. Frances coronavirus lockdown has eroded economic activity to a bare minimum, the national statistics office said Thursday, as officials weigh the risks of trying to reopen businesses even as infections remain high. ...
One Independent Control System - Full System Control Under One Umbrella. Making the most out of available budgets, technology and personnel resources are hot topics for both engineers and management in todays modern broadcast environment. With technology advancing so fast, protecting investments in professional broadcast hardware over the long term becomes a harder challenge day by day.. Combine this with the need to simplify operational tasks and workflows to increase efficiency, without compromising on-air quality and security, and the importance of investing in flexible core infrastructures becomes even more apparent. The key to addressing all these topics revolves around a single sophisticated layer of control throughout an entire system.. Imagine having an independent control and monitoring system that allows operation, configuration and system integration of your chosen broadcast equipment and third-party devices.. The concept separates hardware technology decisions from the operational ...
SAGE Therapeutics Presents Preliminary SAGE-547 Clinical Data at Epilepsy Pipeline Conference. Early Data from Phase 1/2 Clinical Trial Demonstrate An
Author(s): Luther, Joseph Matthew | Abstract: Size- and shape-controlled nanocrystal growth is intensely researched for applications including electro-optic, catalytic, and medical devices. Chemical transformations such as cation exchange overcome the limitation of traditional colloidal synthesis, where the nanocrystal shape often reflects the inherent symmetry of the underlying lattice. Here we show that nanocrystals, with established synthetic protocols for high monodispersity, can be templates for independent composition control. Specifically, controlled interconversion between wurtzite CdS, chalcocite Cu2S, and rock salt PbS occurs while preserving the anisotropic dimensions unique to the as-synthesized materials. Sequential exchange reactions between the three sulfide compositions are driven by the disparate solubilites of the metal ion exchange pair in specific coordinating molecules. Starting with CdS, highly anisotropic PbS nanorods are created, which serve as an important material for
PPI for agriculture, forestry and fishery in 1st quarter increased by 9.69% against the previous quarter and by 23.12% against the same period in 2010. Industrial PPI increased by 5.05% against the previous quarter and by 14.9% against the same period in 2010. Price indexes for materials used for production in 1st quarter increased by 5.91% against the previous quarter and by 15.23% against the same period in 2010. Export price indexes increased by 4.48% against the previous quarter and by 9.89% against the same period in 2010. Import price indexes increased by 3.38% against the previous quarter and by 7.99% against the same period last year. Carriage indexes increased by 5,86 against the previous quarter and by 11.47% against the same period in 2010 ...
The list, based on data from the United Nations Population Division, appears unusual; this is because the total fertility rate (TFR, the number of children a woman is likely to have in the childbearing age of 15-49) in Kerala is 1.8 as per NITI Aayog data from 2016 - below the replacement rate of 2.1.
Europe Population: current, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age, total fertility rate (TFR), population density, urbanization, urban population, countrys share of world population, and global rank. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock
Over the past decade, the national teen birth rate has declined from 31 out of every 1,000 girls between 15-19 giving birth in 2011, compared to 61 girls per 1,000 in 1991.. From 2007-2011, the national teen birth rate declined by 25 percent with Hispanic teens experiencing the largest decline of 34 percent. In 2007, the Hispanic teen birth rate was 21 percent higher than the Black teen birth rate, in 2011 it was only 4 percent higher.. Dr. Howard Koh, assistant secretary for health at the Department of Health and Human Services, attributes these declines to stronger teen pregnancy prevention education and higher rates of contraception use among teens that have sex, but also the fact that many teens are deciding to delay sex altogether.. We know that schools play an essential role in supporting adolescent health, Koh wrote in a blog post on Huffington Post.com Research tells us that the longer children remain in school and engaged in learning, the better their life-long health.. Significant ...
Background: In 2009, approximately 410,000 teens aged 15--19 years gave birth in the United States, and the teen birth rate remains higher than in other developed countries. Methods: To describe U.S. trends in teen births and related factors, CDC used data on 1) teen birth rates during 1991--2009 from the National Vital Statistics System, 2) sexual intercourse and contraceptive use among high school students during 1991--2009 from the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey, and 3) sex education, parent communication, use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), and receipt of reproductive health services among teens aged 15--19 years from the 2006--2008 National Survey of Family Growth. Results: In 2009, the national teen birth rate was 39.1 births per 1,000 females, a 37% decrease from 61.8 births per 1,000 females in 1991 and the lowest rate ever recorded. State-specific teen birth rates varied from 16.4 to 64.2 births per 1,000 females and were highest among southern states. Birth rates ...
The crude birth rate measures the number of live births registered during the calendar year, per 1,000 estimated resident population. From a high of 30.7 recorded in 1912 and 1914 the crude birth rate for Tasmania has generally declined until 1936 after which it increased to a high of 27.7 in 1947. Since 1947 the crude birth rate has generally declined to reach an all time low of 12.1 in 2000 and 2003. In 2004 and 2005 the rate was 12.0 and 13.0 respectively. Until the 1990s, the Tasmanian crude birth rate had usually been higher than the overall rate for Australia. ...
In 2011, the teen birth rate for ages 15-19 was 31.3 live births per 1,000 population, or 329,797 births. This is the lowest rate since 1991; however, disparities in teen birth rates persist. In 2011, the teen birth rate for Latinos was 49.4 per 1,000, 47.4 per 1,000 for Non-Latino African Americans and 36.2 per 1,000 for American Indian and Alaska Natives, compared to a rate
Columbus, OH - February 2018. Year after year, studies have found that non-Hispanic white women have the lowest preterm birth rate in Ohio, but new research found a different trend.. Somali immigrants had a 5.9 percent preterm birth rate in the state from 2000 to 2015 compared to 7.9 percent for U.S.-born, non-Hispanic white women, investigators from Nationwide Childrens Hospital report.. The finding is surprising, says Irina Buhimschi, MD, an obstetrician/gynecologist, director of the Center for Perinatal Research at The Research Institute at Nationwide Childrens and study author. But more importantly, this serves as a starting point for more targeted studies aimed at learning why the rate is different and how that can be applied to reduce prematurity in the general population.. Preterm birth is the second leading cause of infant mortality, can hinder intellectual and physical development and cause a long list of long-term problems including cerebral palsy, autism, behavioral problems, ...
Year after year, studies have found that non-Hispanic white women have the lowest preterm birth rate in Ohio, but new research found a different trend.. Somali immigrants had a 5.9 percent preterm birth rate in the state from 2000 to 2015 compared to 7.9 percent for U.S.-born, non-Hispanic white women, investigators from Nationwide Childrens Hospital report.. The finding is surprising, says Irina Buhimschi, MD, an obstetrician/gynecologist, director of the Center for Perinatal Research at The Research Institute at Nationwide Childrens and study author. But more importantly, this serves as a starting point for more targeted studies aimed at learning why the rate is different and how that can be applied to reduce prematurity in the general population.. Preterm birth is the second leading cause of infant mortality, can hinder intellectual and physical development and cause a long list of long-term problems including cerebral palsy, autism, behavioral problems, vison and hearing loss, and ...
Sources: 1900-2016 Michigan Residents Birth Files, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Community Health. Population Estimate (latest update 9/2014), National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Census Populations With Bridged Race Categories ...
Background: Adolescent pregnancy, while declining steadily over the last decade, continues to be an important issue for primary care providers. The 2005 national teen birth rate1 was 40.4/10002, while in Massachusetts it was 21.7/10003. In 2002 the Milford teen birth rate was 27.7/10004. Over 80% of adolescent pregnancies are unintended5, and present increased risk of morbidity and mortality to mother and child, including low birth weight, intra-uterine growth retardation, pre-term birth, peri-natal complications, and infant mortality6. Adolescent pregnancy is also associated with significant negative social outcomes. Adolescent mothers are less likely than their peers to receive a high school diploma, and are more likely to live in poverty and receive public assistance7. A child born to an adolescent mother is more likely to have health problems, developmental delays, and academic difficulties, as well as live in poverty and have a child in their teens8. Many risk factors are thought to contribute to
Total fertility rate in South Korea is the lowest in the world. A fertility rate below replacement fertility level will result in serious social problems in the long term. Therefore, it is worthwhile to study a general understanding about the low fertility rate phenomenon and to investigate the effectiveness of fertility policies in order to ameliorate the resulting social problems due to the low fertility rate. This research was a descriptive examination into the low fertility rate phenomenon and an investigation of the needs for fertility potties and their effectiveness. The study subjects were consisted of 769 unmarried people aged from 18 to 40 years old. Data were collected from June to August 2004 and were analyzed by frequencies, mean, and standard deviation. The following results were revealed. First, unmarried people in general had positive perspectives about getting marriaged, giving birth, and being a parent. In addition, the primary cause of low fertility rate was economical ...
Every year the March of Dimes releases grades based on the National Center for Health Statistics data to calculate preterm birth rates. Arizona received a C+ grade in the 2019 Premature Birth Report Card, an improvement from last years report when Arizona received a C grade. The report further highlights disparities across racial and ethnic groups and states that in Arizona, the preterm birth rate among black women is 40% higher than the rate among all other women. The report also grades a select number of Arizona counties and cities.. Overall, the preterm birth rate across the United States has increased for the fourth year in a row with Arizonas current preterm birth rate of 9.5%. That means many states including Arizona should continue to invest in a variety of perinatal and maternal health initiatives to reduce the rate of preterm births such as maternal and neonatal transports to higher levels of care, home visitation in at-risk communities, and initiatives that promote health and ...
In 2014 the Population Information System included 56,100 persons without data on marital status. They are immigrants whose marital status could not be ascertained. The Population Information Act requires storing of data on marital status in the Population Information System only as concerns Finnish citizens. In the statistics childless persons were coded as unmarried and if they had children, their absent marital status was changed into divorced.. Mean population is the arithmetic mean of the population at the beginning and end of the year.. Place of residence refers to the location of the dwelling in which the person was registered on the last day of the year. The present Municipality of Residence Act gives people greater freedom of choice over the locality where they wish to be registered as permanently resident. For example, students may register in the locality where they are studying. Homeless people are also counted in the permanently resident population.. As well as a permanent place of ...
We examined progress made by the Milwaukee community toward achieving the Milwaukee Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiatives aggressive 2008 goal of re
TY - JOUR. T1 - Black recipients of oocyte donation experience lower live birth rates compared with White recipients. AU - Zhou, Xiaojie. AU - McQueen, Dana B.. AU - Schufreider, Ann. AU - Lee, Sang Mee. AU - Uhler, Meike L.. AU - Feinberg, Eve C.. PY - 2020/5. Y1 - 2020/5. N2 - Research question: Is minority race associated with worse oocyte donation outcomes? Design: Retrospective analysis of 926 oocyte recipients who underwent a donor cycle with fresh embryo transfer at a single fertility centre between January 2009 and June 2015. Race was self-reported. To adjust for repeat donors within the sample, mixed models were used to analyse donor parameters and recipient outcomes. The recipient outcome models were adjusted for age, body mass index and primary infertility diagnosis. Results: The study consisted of 767 (82.8%) White, 41 (4.4%) Black, 63 (6.8%) Asian and 55 (5.9%) Hispanic women. Compared with White recipients, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) for clinical pregnancy was 0.39 (95% ...
In this study setting, NPT, an integrative approach to infertility provided by NPT-trained family physicians, resulted in substantial live birth rates with a minimal risk of twin or multiple births. These results would suggest that NPT provided by trained generalist physicians has the potential to improve access to treatment for infertility with favorable outcomes. The question remains, however, as to how to interpret these results in relation to outcomes from other infertility treatments.. We reported the outcome of conception because this is an intermediate outcome of interest to patients and because it is an outcome commonly reported in infertility literature. However, we focused on live birth as the major outcome for this study because live birth is the outcome that is most clinically meaningful for patients seeking treatment for infertility.36,37 Crude birth rates substantially underestimate the efficacy of treatment because of high drop-out rates that are found in most studies of ...
Teen birth rates in the United States are still 33 percent higher than in New Zealand, the developed country with the next highest incidence - even though U.
The teen birth rate continues to decline in Utah, but some sexually transmitted diseases are on the rise. Thats according to recently released data on
The northwestern states of Punjab and Haryana have been the worst offenders. Haryana, formerly part of Punjab, was created in 1966 and borders Delhi to the north, west, and south. In 1999-2001, these states had very low SRBs of just 775 and 803, respectively. While they have since risen to 836 and 849, the last three SRS reports show a worrying tendency for the SRB rise to have leveled off. A low birth rate is often considered motivation for sex-selective abortion as male children could be more valued when couples have few children but that pattern is definitely not uniform across India. In Punjab, the total fertility rate (TFR - the average number of children a woman would bear in her lifetime in the birth rate of a particular year were to remain unchanged) was 1.9 in 2008 and 2.5 in Haryana. But it was also low in Karnataka (2.0) and Kerala (1.7), states with SRBs in the normal range. And, the two states with the highest TFRs, Bihar (3.9) and Uttar Pradesh (3.8), have low SRBs. Together, those ...
Note: The age-specific birth rate is the number of resident live births to women of a specific age group per 1,000 female population of that specific age group. Rate for ages under 20 is based on live births to women under 20 and population of females 15-19. Rate for ages 40 or over is based on live births to women 40 and over and population of females 40-44. ...
From 1945 onwards, the rate of growth was less volatile, remaining positive and averaging around 3% per year. This was mainly due to higher levels of migration and higher birth rates, both of which were sustained until around 1971. In the post-war period, there were two peaks in population growth, the first in 1952 when the crude birth rate (number of live births registered per 1,000 of the estimated resident population) rose to 25.7, marking the height of the baby boom. The second peak occurred in 1971, during the second wave of post-war migration and at a time when the older baby boomers were starting to have children. ...
AllRefer.com reference and encyclopedia resource provides complete information on Niger with respect to People, Population, Age structure, Median Age, Population growth rate, Birth rate, Death rate, Net migration rate, Sex ratio, Infant mortality rate, Life expectancy at birth, Total fertility rate, HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate, HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS - deaths, Nationality, Ethnic groups, Religions, Languages, Literacy. Includes related research links.
AllRefer.com reference and encyclopedia resource provides complete information on Tromelin Island with respect to People, Population, Age structure, Median Age, Population growth rate, Birth rate, Death rate, Net migration rate, Sex ratio, Infant mortality rate, Life expectancy at birth, Total fertility rate, HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate, HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS - deaths, Nationality, Ethnic groups, Religions, Languages, Literacy. Includes related research links.
At the same time, many of the most economically successful countries, both in the East and in the West, have problems with ageing or declining populations. At its peak around 1910, one-quarter of the worlds population lived in Europe or North America. Today the percentage has probably declined to about one-eighth. South Koreas birthrate has dropped to the point where the average Korean woman is expected to have only one child throughout her life. The U.S. still has a birthrate of more than two, while the U.K. saw births inch up from 1.63 to 1.74 and Germany from 1.34 to 1.37 in the same period. The low birthrate problem in Asia is rooted in womens rising social and economic standing. Japans birthrate was 1.28, comparable to Taiwans 1.22, and Hong Kongs 0.94 ...
Population momentum is a loose term referring to the rate at which the population would grow if the current generation of childbearing women started producing children at replacement fertility, i.e., they are having enough children to replace themselves. The concept is fuzzy because replacement fertility refers to lifetime completed fertility and does not specify the exact age at which the female has children, rather than to the crude birth rate, and it is the latter, in conjunction with the crude death rate and net migration rate, that would determine the extent of population growth. However, loosely speaking, whether the population momentum would be positive (i.e., we would have population growth at replacement fertility) depends on how the size of the current childbearing generation compares with the size of the oldest generation that is dying out. The larger the former is relative to the latter, the higher the population momentum. This means that high fertility rates in a previous ...
Down syndrome births by rurality and type of antenatal care. For rural areas, trends were stable over the entire period 1990-2004. In contrast, the annual change in rates of Down syndrome births in urban areas differed significantly between 1990-1999 and 2000-2004 (−0.8% versus −14.3%, respectively) (Box 2).. For mothers receiving antenatal care from a private obstetrician, there was a non-significant fall of 2.9% per year in Down syndrome births between 1990 and 1999, but a significant fall of 27.5% per year from 2000 to 2004. In contrast, for women receiving shared care or public hospital care, the annual change in rates of Down syndrome births over the two time periods was similar and the differences were not significant: −1.9% (1990-1999) versus −2.4% (2000-2004) for shared care and +1.0% (1990-1999) versus +2.9% (2000-2004) for public hospital care (Box 2).. Cross-sectional analyses showed that before 2000 there were small non-significant differences in the birth rates for Down ...
Publicly insured women usually have a different demographic background to privately insured women, which is related to poor neonatal outcomes after birth. Given the difference in nature and risk of preterm versus term births, it would be important to compare adverse neonatal outcomes after preterm birth between these groups of women after eliminating the demographic differences between the groups. The study population included 3085 publicly insured and 3380 privately insured, singleton, preterm deliveries (32-36 weeks gestation) from Western Australia during 1998-2008. From the study population, 1016 publicly insured women were matched with 1016 privately insured women according to the propensity score of maternal demographic characteristics and pre-existing medical conditions. Neonatal outcomes were compared in the propensity score matched cohorts using conditional log-binomial regression, adjusted for antenatal risk factors. Outcomes included Apgar scores less than 7 at five minutes after birth, time
Table 27. Births with Selected Congenital Anomalies, Number and Rate by Age of Mother: Indiana, 1999. 1999 County Data. Table 28. Births and Crude Birth Rates by Race of Mother: Indiana Counties, ...
We included 42 trials with a total of 9606 couples. Comparing rFSH to all other gonadotrophins combined, irrespective of the down-regulation protocol used, did not result in any evidence of a statistically significant difference in live birth rate (28 trials, 7339 couples, odds ratio (OR) 0.97, 95% CI 0.87 to 1.08). This suggests that for a group with a 25% live birth rate using urinary gonadotrophins the rate would be between 22.5% and 26.5% using rFSH. There was also no evidence of a difference in the OHSS rate (32 trials, 7740 couples, OR 1.18, 95% CI 0.86 to 1.61). This means that for a group with 2% risk of OHSS using urinary gonadotrophins, the risk would be between 1.7% and 3.2% using rFSH.. When different urinary gonadotrophins were considered separately, there were significantly fewer live births after rFSH than HMG (11 trials, N=3197, OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.72 to 0.99). This means that for a live birth rate of 25% using HMG, use of rFSH instead would be expected to result in a rate between ...
Downloadable! This paper uses data on fertility and financial development in 19th century U.S. to test the hypothesis that more developed local financial markets reduce the incentives for families to have a large offspring to provide for them at old age, the so-called old-age security hypothesis. We find that the presence of banks is associated to lower children-to-women ratios and crude birth rates even after controlling for a large set of socio-economic factors. To account for possible endogeneity of bank location we instrument for the presence of some banking activity in a given county in 1840 with the existence of at least a bank in that county in 1820. The results of using this identification strategy are in line with the OLS ones, namely that fertility in 1850 is negatively affected by financial development. Next we explore the relationship between banking activity and fertility in the state of Pennsylvania, where, by law, most banks were created before 1820. This allows us to treat banks in 1840
65 years and over: The number of males for each female one of five age groups - at birth, under 15 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over, and for the total population. Sex ratio at birth has recently emerged as an indicator of certain kinds of sex discrimination in some countries. For instance, high sex ratios at birth in some Asian countries are now attributed to sex-selective abortion and infanticide due to a strong preference for sons. This will affect future marriage patterns and fertility patterns. Eventually it could cause unrest among young adult males who are unable to find partners ...
A low middle-income country with half the population below the age of 25, El Salvador suffers from high socioeconomic and gender inequity. High emigration rates, coupled with a slowly decreasing total fertility rate, are contributing to a rapidly ageing population. With approximately one third of all births taking place to women under age 19, UNFPA supports programmes to prevent adolescent pregnancy. Key initiatives also focus on preventing sexual violence and caring for survivors. UNFPAs cooperation with El Salvador began in 1973.. ...
Chinese officials have officially acknowledged birth rates in Xinjiang dropped by almost a third in 2018, compared to the previous year, in a letter to CNN in which they also denied reports of forced sterilization and genocide by authorities in the far western region.
In this excerpt from the Independent Lens documentary No Más Bebés, the head of L.A. County-USC Medical Center, Dr. James Quilligan, denies accusations that his directive was to cut the birth rate of Negro and Mexican population,
San Francisco, CA (PRWEB) February 12, 2013 -- Freeborders Inc., a global provider of consulting, technology and outsourcing solutions, today announced the
In addition, confocal measurements can improve the rejection of stray light and reduce fluorescence interference. Not all confocal Raman microscopy designs are the same. Traditional confocal Raman microscopes, shown schematically in Figure 1(b), utilize a pinhole aperture placed in front of the spectrograph entrance slit. The Raman light is focused onto the pinhole and the diverging beam after the pinhole is then refocused onto the entrance slit of the spectrograph. Different pinhole apertures can be used to control the degree of confocality, while the entrance slit is used to control the spectral resolution of the spectrometer. While this true confocal configuration provides independent control of spatial and spectral resolutions, it is very difficult to align and to maintain optimum performance. This is because the beam is focused twice through two very small apertures. In practice, independent control of the two apertures offers little value. Typical slit widths must be less than 100 um to ...
Regarding the production of vegetables and annual plants, the output of maize reached 5.13 million tons, down 114.6 thousand tons against 2016 due to the decrease of 52.9 thousand hectares of the cultivated area (maize productivity increased by 110 kilograms per hectare). The output of sweet potato gained 1.35 million tons, up 81.9 thousand tons (the cultivated area raised by 1.6 thousand hectares); sugar-cane production achieved 18.32 million tons, up 1.11 million tons (the cultivated area went up by 12.8 thousand hectares); the yield of cassava gained 10.34 million tons, down 569.1 thousand tons (the cultivated area fell by 34.4 thousand hectares); the yield of peanut reached 461.5 thousand tons, down 2.1 thousand tons (the area went down by 4.1 thousand hectares); soya production attained 102.3 thousand tons, down 22 thousand tons (a decrease of 16.1 thousand hectares of cultivated area); vegetables of all kinds achieved 16.49 million tons, up 562.8 thousand tons (the area increased by 29.5 ...
South Africas youthful population is gradually aging, as the countrys total fertility rate (TFR) has declined dramatically from about 6 children per woman in the 1960s to roughly 2.2 in 2014. This pattern is similar to fertility trends in South Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa, and sets South Africa apart from the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa, where the average TFR remains higher than other regions of the world. Today, South Africas decreasing number of reproductive age women is having fewer children, as women increase their educational attainment, workforce participation, and use of family planning methods; delay marriage; and opt for smaller families.. As the proportion of working-age South Africans has grown relative to children and the elderly, South Africa has been unable to achieve a demographic dividend because persistent high unemployment and the prevalence of HIV/AIDs have created a larger-than-normal dependent population. HIV/AIDS was also responsible for South Africas average ...
One of the first books to introduce male fertility patterns and determinants Applies longitudinal and cross-sectional methodologies to systematically
Over 60 animal studies have shown that fluoride negatively affects the male reproductive system, causing decreases in testosterone level, reduced sperm quantity and motility and increased oxidative stress. In addition, a population study showed that communities in the United States with more than 3 ppm of fluoride in the drinking water - incidentally, a measurement considered safe by the EPA - had lower total fertility rates than populations with lower fluoride levels ...
Population of Burundi: current, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age, total fertility rate (TFR), population density, urbanization, urban population, countrys share of world population, and global rank. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock
Births to teenage mothers in the United States have hit record lows for eight successive years, but experts are quick to point out that U.S. teen birth rates are far above those in other high-income countries. Read More ...
I think that in general fertility care is biased toward the female. Reproductive health is womens health. Now its very well understood that its not just about sperm contributing DNA, but how that DNA is contributing to making the embryo. - Dr. Alan Horsager, Episona ...
Between 2005 and 2006, the teen birth rate increased for the first time in 15 years, moving up 3 percent. Teen childbearing affects
The media love reporting on year-to-year fluctations in the American teen birth rate. Less attention is paid to the fact that teen pregnancy is exponentially more common in the United States than in other developed world nations.
Today, China's fertility rate has not quite returned to the rate of replacement (the birth rate that will maintain population ... Today, the birth rate has dropped to 1.52 births per woman, under the rate of replacement. Foundlings, who may be orphans, can ... "Romania - Birth Rate". Index Mundi. Northrop Frye, Anatomy of Criticism, p. 198. ISBN 0-691-01298-9. Laura A. Hibbard (1963). ... In the following years, Romania's birth rate nearly doubled. However, due to a lack of resources necessary to care for the ...
In 2017, MOE announced the mergers of various schools, in view of the declining birth rate in Singapore, enrolments might fall ... "Declining Birth Rate". "MOE announces names of merged junior colleges". Channel NewsAsia. Coordinates: 1°22′35″N 103°56′15″E ...
... has a population growth rate of 1.5% as of 2013[update]. This is the result of one of the highest birth rates in the ... "Nicaragua Birth rate - Demographics". www.indexmundi.com. "Crude death rate - the United Nations". UNData. Archived from the ... "National adult literacy rates (15+), youth literacy rates (15-24) and elderly literacy rates (65+)". UNESCO Institute for ... The adult literacy rate in 2005 was 78.0%. Primary education is free in Nicaragua. A system of private schools exists, many of ...
The birth rate was 12.32‰. There were 2,643 deaths, with a mortality rate of 4.08 per 1,000 people; The natural population ... The permanent population urbanization rate is 52.63%. In 2019, 7,983 people (4,143 males and 3,840 females) were born, among ... growth rate is 8.24 per thousand The rarely used character fù (洑) in Fushui (洑水镇) is sometimes written as the more commonly ...
... the Act sought to decrease the death rate for mothers and babies; to increase the birth-rate; to expand outback settlement and ... There was a higher death rate during the summer months, which could be attributed to poor infant feeding and he embarked on a ... These advances impacted on the reduction of infant mortality rates, but Dr Jefferis Turner was aware that diarrhoeal disease ... 970 advanced from general rate revenue. The completion of the Gympie Town Hall in 1939 was part of a wider pattern of civic ...
Kotkin, Joel (30 May 2012). "What's Really Behind Europe's Decline? It's The Birth Rates, Stupid". Forbes. Archived from the ... A 2013 survey showed that the rate of teen smoking dropped to 15.7%, the rate of teenagers having unprotected sex dropped to 34 ... an era which had seen an increase in birth rates in many parts of the world, as economies recovered and vast numbers of ... Many countries reported declining fertility rates in their 2010 censuses. The consequences of an aging society were felt ...
... achieving a much lower birth rate; homes for all; and cooperative and participatory democracy (with compassion) in all aspects ... Eugene married a Mexican-American nurse, who gave birth to two daughters. "We planned to raise an international family," he ...
Korea's birthrate has reached 0.95% in 2019. This rate is the lowest ever since 1981 and it is the lowest among other OECD ... "Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people) , Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2019-06-17. "알림 > 보도자료 내용보기 " 여성이 주의해야 할 질병은 30대 ... "9월 출생아 13% 급감…출생아 수 역대 최저" [September's Birth Rate decreased 13%...Least EVER!]. 지적 존재들의 B컷 - 비주얼다이브(VisualDive) (in Korean). ... "저출산으로 산후조리원도 줄어…3년새 610→584곳" [Postpartum center's number has decreased due to decreased birth rate]. www.mk.co.kr (in Korean ...
The birth rate rose and the death rate fell; the average annual growth rate was 4.4%, of which 1% was due to immigration; ... though birth rates fell from 1957 to 1970, in 1970, birth rates rose as women who were themselves the product of the postwar ... The population growth rate slowed from 4-5% per year in the 1950s to around 2.5% in 1965 around independence. The birth rate ... the total fertility rate was approximately ~6 - Asian MetaCentre researcher Theresa Wong notes that Singaporean birth rates and ...
Birthrates also rose. The economic miracle also demonstrated the national labour shortage, especially in coal sector. The ... "growth rates, salaries, and levels of investment lagged substantially behind, and production costs significantly above, those ...
... and the increase in birth rates. Popcorn described three sub-trends within cocooning: the armored cocoon, the wandering cocoon ... The change was attributed to "higher rates of separation and divorce, smaller households with fewer children, delayed marriages ...
Meanwhile, birth rates are generally falling. Countries and health care systems need to find innovative and sustainable ways to ...
The Decline in the Birth-rate. 20 pp. Sidney Webb. 132. A Guide to Books for Socialists. 12 pp. "The Nursery." 133. Socialism ... What about the Rates, or Municipal Finance and Municipal Autonomy. 12 pp. Sidney Webb. 173. Public versus Private Electricity ...
Between 1991 and 2014, teenage birth rates dropped 61% nationwide. Teenage birth rates, as opposed to pregnancies, peaked in ... This is a birth rate of 24.2 per 1000 women. However, most adolescents who give birth are over the age of 18. In 2014, 73% of ... the lowest birth rates were reported in the Northeast, while the highest rates were located in the south east. There were ... teen pregnancy rate declined during the same period (42%). The teen birth rate decline broken down by race in 2014 from 2013: 7 ...
The teen birthrate continues to fall in the late 2010s, down to 17.4 births per 1000 in 2018. Historically, the birth rate of ... However, their birthrates remained, on average, twice as high as those of their white counterparts. The birth rates of teenage ... Edwards, Erika (November 27, 2019). "U.S. birth rate falls for 4th year in a row". Health News. NBC News. Retrieved January 1, ... Patten, Eileen; Livingston, Gretchen (April 29, 2016). "Why is the teen birth rate falling?". Pew Research Center. Retrieved ...
Māori always had a high birth rate; that was neutralised by a high death rate until modern public health measures became ... The shift to the cities was also caused by their strong birth rates in the early 20th century, with the existing rural farms in ... 2010). New Zealand Birth Certificates - 50 of New Zealand's Founding Documents. AUT Media. ISBN 978-0-9582997-1-8. Belich, ... Muldoon's response to the crisis also involved imposing a total freeze on wages, prices, interest rates and dividends across ...
These municipalities have a positive birth rate. According to the census, only the Niš had more people than in 2002. Pan- ...
In his 1911 book on The Declining Birth-Rate he ascertained: 'There is no reasonable doubt that the decline in the birth-rate, ... doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2014.00677.x.[permanent dead link] Newsholme, Arthur (1911). The Declining Birth-Rate: Its National and ... Newsholme, Arthur (2014). "Arthur Newsholme on the Declining Birth Rate". Population and Development Review. 40 (2): 361-365. ... He realized that the decline in the birth-rate was both be seen as a threat and an advantage: 'The population question, in ...
In the 1970s, birth rates declined again.[citation needed] Economic pressure on families remained, and people began to seek ... To counter this sharp decline in the birth rate, the Communist Party decided that the country's population should be increased ... Although in the early 1990s, shortly after abortion was legalized, the abortion rate was very high, it has gradually decreased ... While the childbed mortality rate kept declining over the years in neighboring countries, in Romania it increased to more than ...
New York: Plenum Press Articles, a selection Lotka, A. J. (1907). Relation between birth rates and death rates. Science, 26: ... Each subject area can have associated with it an exponent representing its specific rate of author productivity." Lotka's work ...
By 2007 the growth rate had declined to 0.7 percent per year, with a birth rate of 17 per 1,000 persons and a death rate of 6 ... The projected level for Iran's 2005 to 2010 birth rate is fewer than two. In late July 2012, Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei ... Ahmadinejad's call for a higher birth rate reminded some of the demand of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in 1979 for an increased ... As of 2014, measures to reverse the declining birth rate include: replacing public-health slogans that used to praise "Fewer ...
Declining birth rates have also reduced sales. However, with wide media interest in celebrity pregnancies beginning in the late ... During the Victorian era, women spent more time in pregnancy compared to the 21st century, giving birth to an average of eight ... and possibly for several weeks or months after the birth of the baby while a woman regains her pre-pregnancy size. If a woman ... who lost both her legs during a deployment in Iraq and notably the first sitting senator to give birth while in office, ...
US birth rates declined in the 1970s. Factors that are likely to have led to this decline include: The introduction of the ... the rate during the first month of life also declined, whereas the rate for older infants rose during this time. The rate of ... The decline in the birth rate was associated with reductions in the number of children put up for adoption and reduction in the ... High rates were also seen in the states of Maryland, California, Florida, Nevada and Connecticut with rates of 25 to 29 per ...
Birth rate 15 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 125th Death rate 7.9 deaths/1,000 population ... rate of urbanization: 0.94% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.) Obesity - adult prevalence rate 27.9% (2016) Country ... The population growth rate is very low, due primarily to emigration to more prosperous Caribbean Islands, the United Kingdom, ... 114th Net migration rate -5.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 196th Population growth ...
Birth rate 15.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 124th Death rate 7.3 deaths/1,000 ... the Bahamas has an HIV/AIDS prevalence rate of 1.9% (2017 est.) Life expectancy at birth total population: 72.9 years male: ... 126th Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 77th Population growth rate ... rate of urbanization: 1.13% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.) Dependency ratios total dependency ratio: 40.8 (2015 est.) ...
Birth rate 15.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 122nd Death rate 8.2 deaths/1,000 ... rate of urbanization: 0.76% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.) Obesity - adult prevalence rate 21.3% (2016). Country ... The estimated population of 2018 is 111,454 (the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects). The fertility rate in ... Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019: One birth every 288 minutes One death every 480 ...
... which lower the birth rate. The positive checks include hunger, disease and war; the preventive checks: birth control, ... the Essay gave rise in the decades following its publication tended to focus attention on the birth rate and marriage rates. ... Hobsbawm, Eric (1999). Industry and Empire: The Birth of the Industrial Revolution. New York City: The New Press. p. 175. ISBN ... The cleft palate affected his speech: such birth defects had occurred before amongst his relatives. On 13 March 1804, Malthus ...
Population growth rate: 3.47% (2008 est.) Birth rate: 42.86 births/1,000 population (2003 est.) Death rate: 8.34 deaths/1,000 ... adult prevalence rate: NA% HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA Total fertility rate: 4.5 children ... population (2003 est.) Net migration rate: 7.94 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.) Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/ ... Infant mortality rate: total: 65.98 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.) female: 59.44 deaths/1,000 live births male: 72.32 ...
Birth rate 22.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 63rd Death rate 4.2 deaths/1,000 ... Birth Rate by Ethnic Groups (2000 Census) English is the only official language of Belize, a relic of past British colonization ... rate of urbanization: 2.32% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.) School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) total: ... 129th Population growth rate 1.8% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 57th Contraceptive prevalence rate 51.4% (2015/ ...
NA Population growth rate: -0.6% (2020 est.) Birth rate: 18.9 births/1,000 population (2020 est.) Death rate: 4.3 deaths/1,000 ... Infant mortality rate: 17.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.) Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.9 years male: ... 71.8 years female: 76.1 years (2020 est.) Total fertility rate: 2.29 children born/woman (2020 est.) Nationality: noun: ... population (2020 est.) Net migration rate: -20.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.) ...
The familial rate, which is different for nonsyndromic and syndromic cases, provides an important clue.[40][41] In the ... It is estimated that craniosynostosis affects 1 in 1,800 to 3,000 live births worldwide.[3] 3 out of every 4 cases affect males ... Craniosynostosis occurs in one in 2000 births. Craniosynostosis is part of a syndrome in 15% to 40% of affected patients, but ... Medical history should in any case include questions about risk factors during pregnancy, the familial rate and the presence of ...
Be a citizen of the United States either by birth or naturalization, except for a limited number of international midshipmen ... Military Occupational Specialty/Rating/Air Force Specialty Code. *Pay. *Uniform Code of Military Justice ...
He was one of the smallest premature births in New Jersey to survive. He also holds the record as one of the world's smallest ... institute is also the first develop a test to detect chromosome translocations in human embryos to increase the success rate ... 2009 Infant heading home after underweight birth, The Times of Trenton, August 16, 2007 - accessed July 11, 2009 The Tiniest ...
The symptoms include confusion, shortness of breath, elevated heart rate, pain or discomfort, over-perspiration, fever, ... Avery's work marked the birth of the molecular era of genetics.[14] ...
Many caecilians give birth to live young, and in the animals that do not do this, the eggs may undergo metamorphosis before ... "Amphibian decline or extinction? Current declines dwarf background extinction rate" (PDF). Journal of Herpetology. 41 (3): 483 ...
Twin births have not been reported.[2]. The calf has a tawny, shaggy coat and weighs about 11 kg (24 lb). By the end of the ... rates the black wildebeest as being of "Least Concern". Its introduction into Namibia has been a success and numbers have ... Births normally take place in areas with short grass when the cow is in the lying position. She stands up immediately ... The calf is able to stand and run shortly after birth, a period of great danger for animals in the wild. It is fed by its ...
... premature births, or low birth weight.[152] Similarly, in studies examining the effects of topical retinoids during pregnancy, ... Rates appear to be lower in rural societies.[22] While some research has found it affects people of all ethnic groups,[175] ... Unlike combined birth control pills, it is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for this purpose.[1][ ... In women, the use of combined birth control pills can improve acne.[100] These medications contain an estrogen and a progestin. ...
... and described the main strategy Tilton employed for such a high return rate on his mailings-that is, send the recipient a " ... 1946 births. *People from Miami Beach, Florida. *People from Dallas. *Religious scandals ...
Maternal mortality rate was reduced from 748 per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 190 per 100,000 live births on 2014. Nepal also ... Global estimates indicate that the rate has reduced by 65% from 128 to 48 per 1000 live births between 1991 and 2013. Nepal has ... The major causes of neonatal death in Nepal are infection, birth asphyxia, preterm birth, and hypothermia. Given Nepal's ... rates of institutional deliveries as well as deliveries attended by a skilled birth attendant (56%). Nepal is also on track to ...
Increased rates of Candida carriage are also found in people who eat a diet high in carbohydrates, people who wear dentures, ... Candida species are acquired from the mother's vaginal canal during birth. At very young ages, the immune system is yet to ... Decreased salivary flow rate or a change in the composition of saliva, collectively termed salivary hypofunction or ... Individuals continue to be at risk of the condition if underlying factors such as reduced salivary flow rate or ...
This lower rate of relapse accounts for the increased success rate of allogeneic transplants, compared to transplants from ... Umbilical cord blood is obtained when a mother donates her infant's umbilical cord and placenta after birth. Cord blood has a ... To cryopreserve HSC, a preservative, DMSO, must be added, and the cells must be cooled very slowly in a controlled-rate freezer ... For this same group, severe cardiovascular events were observed with a rate of about 1 in 1500. The most common severe adverse ...
Skeletal Evidence Shows Abrupt Worldwide Increase In Birth Rate During Neolithic Period". ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 7, ... Mannix, Loretta H.; Stratton, Julius Adams (2005). Mind and Hand: The Birth of MIT. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp. 190-92. ISBN ... Singularitarians believe in some sort of "accelerating change"; that the rate of technological progress accelerates as we ...
... with a loss rate between 8.5 weeks LMP and birth of about two percent; pregnancy loss is "virtually complete by the end of the ... Abortion rates vary. The length the pregnancy has gone on, and the method used to do the abortion influence these rates. ... Humans can also chose to end the pregnancy before birth takes place. This is called an induced abortion. Often, the term ... A pregnancy that ends this way, but that is between 20 and 37 weeks old is known as "premature birth" if the baby is born alive ...
Continuous CTG was associated with the higher rates of caesarean sections and instrumental vaginal births. The authors see the ... The fetal heart rate and the activity of the uterine muscle are detected by two transducers placed on the mother's abdomen (one ... Combined with an internal fetal monitor, an IUPC may give a more precise reading of the baby's heart rate and the strength of ... They are defined as abrupt decreases in fetal heart rate, with less than 30 seconds from the beginning of the decrease to the ...
... and fast heart rate.[1] Use is not recommended in people who have had a recent heart attack.[1] Use during pregnancy has been ... and premature birth.[20] ... As it is a medical emergency with a high mortality rate, it ... Since thyroid hormone increases myocardial oxygen demand by increasing heart rate and contractility, starting at higher doses ... as hypothyroidism is associated with a higher rate of complications, such as spontaneous abortion, preeclampsia, ...
The rate of progression of the cell cycle is further adjusted by additional signals arising from cellular sensors that monitor ... "Bacterial Birth Scar Proteins Mark Future Flagellum Assembly Site". Cell. 124 (5): 1025-37. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.01.019 ... There is similar random variation in the rates of progression of all the other subsystem reaction cascades. The net effect is ... the actual reaction time for each reaction varies widely around the average rate. This leads to a significant and inevitable ...
On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds a rating of 73%, based on 225 reviews, with an average rating of 6.7/10. The site's ... A month earlier in New Zealand, Rob says goodbye to his pregnant wife, Jan, and promises that he will be home for the birth. At ... Returning home, Helen has an emotional reunion with Jan, who later gives birth successfully and names her daughter Sarah. Beck ...
One concern with open source development is the high turnover rate of developers, even among core contributors (those at the ... "A Dozen Years After Open Source's 1998 Birth, It's Time For OpenTechComm".. [permanent dead link ... manages features such as alerting health care workers when patients show warning signs for conditions and records births and ...
In 1996, he was quoted as saying that "life begins at conception", and he has also voted in favor of banning partial birth ... Kucinich had a 100% rating during 2005 and 2006 from the League of Conservation Voters, indicating pro-environment votes.[98] ... He also received a 100% lifetime rating from the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence.[121] ... gave him a liberal rating of 95%.[71] Kucinich was often regarded as one of the most liberal members of the United States House ...
... and twin pregnancies found that the cervical pessary did not result in a lower rate of spontaneous early preterm birth. ... and at risk for a preterm birth, when cerclage is compared with no treatment, there is a reduction in preterm birth and there ... A c-section is required for women giving birth with a TAC. A transabdominal cerclage can also be placed pre-pregnancy if a ... In women with a prior spontaneous preterm birth and who are pregnant with one baby, and have shortening of the cervical length ...
Rated C-class, Top-importance). AlgaeWikipedia:WikiProject AlgaeTemplate:WikiProject AlgaeAlgae articles. ... I just picked up "The Poisoner's Handbook: Murder and the Birth of Forensic Medicine in Jazz Age New York" by Deborah Blum, and ... Rated C-class, High-importance). MicrobiologyWikipedia:WikiProject MicrobiologyTemplate:WikiProject MicrobiologyMicrobiology ... Rated C-class, High-importance). PalaeontologyWikipedia:WikiProject PalaeontologyTemplate:WikiProject Palaeontology ...
There are several scales for rating the strength of tornadoes. The Fujita scale rates tornadoes by damage caused and has been ... A sequence of images showing the birth of a tornado. First, the rotating cloud base lowers. This lowering becomes a funnel, ... The EF Scale was designed so that a tornado rated on the Fujita scale would receive the same numerical rating, and was ... Tornado rating classifications[22][61]. F0. EF0 F1. EF1 F2. EF2 F3. EF3 F4. EF4 F5. EF5 ...
"Thyroid hormone resistance and increased metabolic rate in the RXR-gamma-deficient mouse". The Journal of Clinical ... the formation of tissues and organs during embryonic development and maintaining the normal function of some cells after birth ...
The Sistrunk procedure also showed better outcomes concerning the rate of overall recurrence, i.e. has the lowest rate of ... Thyroglossal Duct Cysts are a birth defect. During embryonic development, the thyroid gland is being formed, beginning at the ... Thyroglossal cysts develop at birth. Many diagnostic procedures may be use to establish the degree of the cyst. ... Sistrunk procedure results in a 95% cure rate and 95-100% long-term survival.[17] ...
Litter size at birth, stillborn, early neonatal mortality for poodles in the Norwegian Kennel Club[88][89]. Size. Average ... Toy Poodles have one of the smallest litter size of all breeds.[88] The stillborn rate and early neonatal mortality (death ... Borge, K. S.; Tønnessen, R.; Nødtvedt, A.; Indrebø, A. (2011). "Litter size at birth in purebred dogs-A retrospective study of ... within 1 week from birth) in poodles are lower than the average across all breeds.[89] ...
... there were 110 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 29.3 teenage births per 1,000 live ... East New York's rate of violent crimes per capita is greater than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 1,065 ... East New York's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is higher than the rest of New York City. In East New York, 31% ... Since the late 1950s East New York has had some of the highest crime rates in Brooklyn, and is considered by some to be the ...
A 1987 report, published in the United States Baháʼí News reports 4.74 million Baháʼís in 1986 growing at a rate of 31% over ... On the other hand, there are no countries in which people are automatically assigned to the Baha'i Faith at birth (as is the ... having grown at an overall rate of 2.79% across the century 1910 to 2010.[32] The countries with the largest Baháʼí populations ... Populations are not assigned a Baháʼí religious adherence by birth, as is the case with other major religions such as Islam and ...
... males suffered generally higher death rates than females,[214] although the rate of female infant death was higher than for ... rejected by both their birth family and husband's family.[264] ... All death rates are with respect to the population in 1941. ... Small landholders and sharecroppers acquired debts that were often swollen by usurious rates of interest.[43][S] Any poor ... Regional differences in mortality rates were influenced by the effects of migration,[217] and of natural disasters.[218] In ...
While Briggs held to traditional Christian teaching in many areas, such as his belief in the virgin birth of Jesus, ... The large growth rate of the Presbyterian Church in the Northeast was in part due to the adoption of Congregationalist settlers ... the virgin birth, substitutionary atonement, the bodily resurrection, and the miracles of Christ.[70] ... the virgin birth, substitutionary atonement, the bodily resurrection, and the miracles of Christ.[70] ...
Birth to adulthood. New York: Academic Press. *^ a b Case, R., Okamoto, Y., Griffin, S., McKeough, A., Bleiker, C., Henderson, ... Falling short or exceeding the mental power that is typical of a given age results in slower or faster rates of development, ... In the age span from birth to middle adolescence, the changes are faster in all of the domains. With development, thought in ... According to van Geert, logistic growth is a function of three parameters: the present level, the rate of change, and a limit ...
... she gave birth to her first child less than a year later. Six months ago, she gave birth to her eighth. Fatima Shaher, 31, a ... The birth rate among Jews across the region is 18.3 per thousand -- high by European standards but less than half that of the ... Among Palestinians living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the annual birth rate is 40 for every 1,000 of population; among ... Married at 15, she gave birth to her first child less than a year later. Six months ago, she gave birth to her eighth. Fatima ...
Ireland still has the highest birth rate in the European Union, according to a new ESRI report. ... Ireland still has highest birth rate in EU, says ESRI report Updated / Tuesday, 26 Jun 2012 22:03 ... Ireland still has the highest birth rate in the European Union, according to a new ESRI report. ... The average age of women giving birth was just over 31 by 2010, while there was a 22% increase in those aged 35 and older ...
U.S. birth rate falls to 32-year low A provisional report found there 3.788 million births last year, marking the fourth year ... Birth rates continued to fall for teen moms and for women in their 20s. ...
Birth rates among teenagers were down in 2002, continuing a decline that began in 1991. The birth rate fell to 43 births per ... There has also been a recent downturn in the birth rate for women in the peak childbearing ages. Birth rates for women in their ... The birth rate was 13.9 per 1,000 persons in 2002, a decline of 1 percent from the rate of 14.1 per 1,000 in 2001 and down 17 ... The U.S. birth rate fell to the lowest level since national data have been available, reports the latest Centers for Disease ...
Birth rates also vary by race and ethnicity. Birth rates for Hispanic women are higher than rates for either non-Hispanic black ... First birth rates for women in their thirties with a college degree were two to five times the first birth rates for women with ... found a direct relationship between years of education and birth rates, with the highest birth rates among women with the ... Birth rates for college-educated unmarried women are substantially below the rates for less-educated unmarried women. ...
... reliable birth control to women can reduce the abortion rate by between 62 percent and 78 percent, a new study finds. ... the teen birth rate was 6.3 per 1,000 women, a huge difference from the national teen birth rate of 34.3 per 1,000 women. ... Latest on Free Birth Control Cuts Abortion Rate by 62 Percent. * Whats Behind Toddlers Extremely Rare Water Allergy? ... Birth control pills have a higher failure rate than these methods, because women have to remember to take a pill at the same ...
... teen birth rate declined 9% in 2010 and is now at the lowest level ever reported, according to data released today by the... ... Birth rates also declined for all racial/ethnic groups. Among teens 15-19, the birth rate declined 9% in 2010 for non-Hispanic ... Birth rates declined for teens of all ages. The rate for teens 15-17 declined 12% in 2010 and has fallen 55% from its peak in ... The national teen birth rate fell to 34.3 births per 1,000 girls aged 15-19 in 2010, down from 37.9 in 2009 and 61.8 in 1991 ...
1998, p. 42). Source for information on Birth and Death Rates: Encyclopedia of Sociology dictionary. ... BIRTH AND DEATH RATESMuch of the birth and death information published by governments is in absolute numbers. These raw data ... BIRTH RATES. The crude birth rate calculated in the preceding example, is the most common measure of fertility because it ... BIRTH AND DEATH RATES. Much of the birth and death information published by governments is in absolute numbers. These raw data ...
... and a change to ACA birth control coverage may turn women against Trump. ... The abortion rate is the lowest it has been since 1973. The rate of unintended pregnancies has declined as contraceptive use ... Kaffer: Trump ACA birth control rule change rolls dice with women. Nancy Kaffer. Detroit Free Press ... Nine out of 10 American women, across religious and political backgrounds, will use birth control at some point in their ...
The countrys preterm birth rate dropped to 11.5%, but the United States still ranks behind other developed countries that have ... Americas preemie birth rate declines, but country ranks low. 11/01/13 03:00 PM. Updated 11/03/13 08:02 PM. ... Americas preemie birth rate declines, but country ranks low. 11/01/13 03:00 PM. Updated 11/03/13 08:02 PM. ... The 2012 nationwide rate for premature babies dropped to 11.5%, a 15-year low, according to the March of Dimes Premature Birth ...
... teen birth rate rose for a second straight year in 2007 after a long decline and more babies were born to all mothers than even ... MORE SEX, LESS BIRTH CONTROL "The teen birth rate in the U.S. had declined dramatically in past years because of both less sex ... "The teen birth rate is now going up probably for the opposite set of reasons - the combination of more sex and less ... "Two years of increases in the teen birth rate are a wake-up call showing the need to target efforts to help teens delay sexual ...
Chinese county reins in birth-rate - without a one-child limit - Peter Ford. by Sophie Beach , Feb 26, 2007 ... From the Christian Science Monitor, an interesting look at a town that has had great success at lowering the birth rates, ... Wang Ling at chinadialogue describes concerns over the accuracy of Chinas birth rate figures, expressed as its Total Fertility ... hoping that it would address a looming demographic crisis by boosting the nations birthrate. However, a major birth... ...
The continuing recession is also affecting social life after stats showed that the national birth rate dropped for a second ... "The birth rate is still higher than the birth rate in many wealthy countries and we also have many immigrants entering the ... However Andrew Cherlin at Johns Hopkins University said that there was no need to be worried since the birth rate in US was ... an adverse effect on the economic life in the US but also on the social life after stats showed that the national birth rate ...
... birth rate has declined, and the lowest rate on record since the government started tracking the fertility rate in 1920. In ... fertility rate fell to another record low in 2012, with 63.0 births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 44 years old, according to the ... birth rate has declined, and the lowest rate on record since the government started tracking the fertility rate in 1909. In ... The birth rate has largely been declining since the post-World War II baby boom, but that fall accelerated during the Great ...
Numbers released Wednesday show 2011 had the lowest birth rate in United States history. And experts are beginning to question ... The most startling birth rate drop he noted was among young Hispanic women ages 20-25. Their fertility rate dropped from 165 to ... The birth rate is also down for unmarried women.. "It is hard to tell whether this is movement towards a long-term trend of ... Lowest birth rate may not just be the recession. By Lois M Collins @loisco ...
... has urged the government to implement additional measures to improve the birth rate in Thailand, following a recent study ... According to the NESDB, Thailand has to maintain the birth rate at 500,000 per year to keep the countrys economy and manpower ... NESDB urges for measures to tackle low birth rate. national November 30, 2018 15:02 ... has urged the government to implement additional measures to improve the birth rate in Thailand, following a recent study ...
Americas teen birthrate fell in 2008, ending a two-year upward trend, the federal government said in a report released Tuesday ... Still, the goal has to be a return to the steady decline in teen birth rates that started in 1991 and continued for 14 years. ... The new NCHS report also showed that the birth rate among unmarried women fell slightly (52.9 births per 1,000 single women in ... But other observers caution that the unwed birthrate is often tied to the marital birthrate. ...
The result is birthrates that are the lowest in the world - and the lowest sustained rates in history. European Union ... "If you have a fertility rate of 1.2 or 1.3 you need to do something about it - its really quite a problem," said Tomas Sobotka ... The European Unions executive arm, alarmed by the trend, estimates that, if birthrates remain this low, the bloc will have a ... In 1990, no European country had a fertility rate of less than 1.3 children per woman; by 2002, there were 15, with 6 more ...
The change from high birth rates and death rates to low birth rates and death rates. The Demographic Transition Model is a ... Richer MEDCs = lower birth rates. LEDCs have higher birth rates than MEDCs. Death rates around the globe are relatively low. ... Stage four - the total population is high, but it is balanced due to a low birth rate and a low death rate. Birth control is ... During stage 4 the birth rate is high. • During stage 3 the death rate is high. • LEDCs are in stages 1-3. • MEDCs are usually ...
For a state-by-state breakdown of preterm birth rates within the U.S., see the March of Dimes 2011 Premature Birth Report Card ... U.S. Lags Behind 130 Other Nations in Preterm Birth Rate. May 2, 2012, 7:21 PM, Posted by NewPublicHealth ... Preterm birth (birth before 37 weeks completed gestation) is the leading cause of newborn death in the US-nearly half a million ... The rate of preterm births for African American mothers is 18 percent; the rate for white mothers is 11 percent. ...
Essure, a permanent, non-surgical form of birth control, sterilizes women by plugging the fallopian tubes. It consists of ... Permanent, non-surgical birth control shows high rate of problems. Essure device linked to 10 times as many problems as having ... "No form of birth control is without risk and should be considered appropriate for every woman. It is imperative that women ... "As the authors note, the rate of reoperation after Essure in this study may be related to "detection bias." A required Essure ...
The rate has been rising since the early 1980s. ... Women in their early 40s were the only group with higher birth ... Women in their early 40s were the only group with higher birth rates in 2017, up 2 percent from the year. The rate has been ... Birth rates for women in their 30s had been rising steadily to the highest levels in at least half a century, and women in ... Birth rates for teens continued to nosedive, as they have since the early 1990s. In 2017, they dropped 7 percent from the year ...
... by Rachel Baye , Apr 3, 2013, 12:00 AM. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook ...
Photo by AngieMay A new study suggests that conservatively religious states tend to have the highest rates of teenagers giving ... A new study suggests that conservatively religious states tend to have the highest rates of teenagers giving birth. Experts say ... The top 10 states with highest teen birth rates are as follows ... Teen Birth Rate Higher in Religious States. Kim Conte September ... Does it make sense that the most religious states would have the highest rates of teens giving birth? ...
Louis reveals that women who receive birth control for free are less likely to have an unplanned pregnancy-and also less likely ... Researchers educated the women-ages 14 to 45, many of them poor or uninsured-about different kinds of birth control and gave ... Implants are most expensive method of birth control. They can cost between $500 to $1,000 for the device and insertion. ... The birth rate of the studys teenage participants was six births per 1,000 girls, compared with the national rate of 34 per ...
Marylands teen birth rate has dropped for the sixth straight year and is nearly 20 percent lower than in 1991, according to ... Teen birth rate drops. Maryland numbers on the decline for sixth straight year. Down 20 percent since 91. Education campaign, ... Marylands teen birth rate has dropped for the sixth straight year and is nearly 20 percent lower than in 1991, according to ... Independent experts question how much influence state programs have on teen birth rates, but a leading expert on teen-age ...
... birth and death rates, and CO2 emitted per person. The stats are given b ... BreathingEarth: CO2 Emissions, Birth & Death Rates by Country Azim Toktosunov October 3, 2009. 03-10-2009 ... View CO2 emissions, birth & death rates by country and worldwide.. *Real-time ticking stats is a simulation based on the data ... BreathingEarth is a real-time simulation tool that shows stats like CO2 emissions, birth and death rates, and CO2 emitted per ...
Theres even more evidence premature birth rates are dropping during the pandemic. Read full article. ... doctors found that premature birth rates had dropped drastically. The importance of understanding premature birth Diana ... But for parents, there might be a small silver lining - new research is strengthening the evidence that premature birth rates ... Looking at different windows of time, the researchers found that premature birth rates were down between 15 to 23%, ...
The current birthrates are well under the 2.1 rate needed to keep a population steady, according to Eurostat. ... "Lower birthrates in the south will mean weaker growth and productivity, holding the birthrate down and producing more fiscal ... when higher education and new career opportunities for women lowered fertility rates. After Communism, birthrates in Central ... Birthrates in the region have slid back almost to where they were before the crisis emerged in 2008. Women in Spain had been ...
Entries Tagged birth rate. Pro-life blog buzz 12-5-14. by Susie Allen, host of the blog, Pro-Life in TN, and Kelli ... It sounds like one of those stories you can safely ignore: The U.S. birth rate has hit a record low, led by a big drop in the ... Culture Campaign reports on a new study from Northwestern University which "compar[ed] the birth rates of abortion advocates to ... However, the study also noted that while this intervention may have been beneficial, the rate of reduction was not ...
  • Birth and Fertility Rates by Educational Attainment: United States, 1994. (cdc.gov)
  • Birth and Fertility Rates by Educational Attainment: United States, 1994," by T. J. Mathews and Stephanie J. Ventura is also available from NCHS by calling (301) 458-4800. (cdc.gov)
  • The 39 percent difference in the two states' general fertility rates is substantially less than that indicated by their crude birth rates which are confounded by age-composition differences. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Age-specific fertility rates eliminate potential distortions from age compositions. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Age-specific fertility rates also provide a rudimentary measure of the tempo of childbearing. (encyclopedia.com)
  • More detailed analyses of the tempo of childbearing require extensive information about live birth order to make fertility rates for each age group specific for first births, second births, third births, and so forth (Shryock and Siegel 1976, p. 280). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The data listed here in Crude birth rate, age-specific and total fertility rates (live births) , and Deaths and mortality rates, by age group and sex , come from Tables 102-4505 and 102-0504, and Surveys 3231, 3233, 3604. (economy.com)
  • While overall fertility rates have fallen, trends vary by age, race and ethnicity. (cnn.com)
  • Demographers have told her that fertility rates usually rise a year or two after a recession ends. (deseretnews.com)
  • Thailand, with the fertility rate of 1.6 births per woman aged 15 to 49 in 2010, which is already among the lowest fertility rates in Asean, is expect to see that rate drop to 1.3 births by 2040. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • I'll tell you that fertility rates have been going down from the mid-'60s. (pbs.org)
  • In general, the total fertility rate is a better indicator of (current) fertility rates because unlike the crude birth rate it is not affected by the age distribution of the population. (phys.org)
  • Fertility rates tend to be higher in less economically developed countries and lower in more economically developed countries. (phys.org)
  • I keep expecting to see the birth rates go up and then they don't," said demographer Kenneth M. Johnson of University of New Hampshire's Carsey School of Public Policy.He estimates 5.7 million babies would have been born in the past decade if fertility rates hadn't fallen from pre-recession levels. (wesh.com)
  • He estimates 5.7 million babies would have been born in the past decade if fertility rates hadn't fallen from pre-recession levels. (wesh.com)
  • Our fertility rates are still quite high for a wealthy nation," said Caroline Sten Hartnett, a demographer at the University of South Carolina. (adn.com)
  • Wendy Chavkin, a professor of population and family health at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, said fertility rates rose in Scandinavian nations after better workplace policies such as paid maternity leave and flexible work timings were introduced. (taipeitimes.com)
  • California outpaced the nation by another key measure: declining fertility rates in what is considered childbearing age for women by the National Center for Health Statistics: 15 to 44. (ocregister.com)
  • Fertility rates among California women under 29 fell from 1990 to 2015, most sharply by 74 percent among teens 15 to 19, according to state Department of Finance data. (ocregister.com)
  • The technical term is the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) which is the average number of children that a woman would have if she experienced current fertility rates throughout her child bearing years). (migrationwatchuk.org)
  • and highest fertility rates are in Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • South Africa, Botswana, and Zimbabwe have successful family planning programs, but other central and southern African countries continue to encounter difficulties in achieving higher contraceptive prevalence and lower fertility rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gyimah attributes the higher fertility rates of Sub-Saharan African countries compared to other developing countries to "the inter-related factors of early childbearing, high infant mortality, low education and contraceptive use, and persistence of high fertility-sustaining social customs. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 2010, there was a 2% decline in the mortality rate of live births and still births, compared to 2001. (rte.ie)
  • Secretary Thompson also noted that the rate of teen births fell to a new record low, continuing a decline that began in 1991. (cdc.gov)
  • The birth rate was 13.9 per 1,000 persons in 2002, a decline of 1 percent from the rate of 14.1 per 1,000 in 2001 and down 17 percent from the recent peak in 1990 (16.7 per 1,000), according to a new CDC report, "Births: Preliminary Data for 2002. (cdc.gov)
  • Birth rates among teenagers were down in 2002, continuing a decline that began in 1991. (cdc.gov)
  • The birth rate fell to 43 births per 1,000 females 15-19 years of age in 2002, a 5-percent decline from 2001 and a 28-percent decline from 1990. (cdc.gov)
  • The decline in the birth rate for younger teens, 15-17 years of age, is even more substantial, dropping 38 percent from 1990 to 2002 compared with a drop of 18 percent for teens 18-19 years. (cdc.gov)
  • WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. teen birth rate rose for a second straight year in 2007 after a long decline and more babies were born to all mothers than even at the peak of the baby boom after World War Two, officials said on Wednesday. (reuters.com)
  • Still, the goal has to be a return to the steady decline in teen birth rates that started in 1991 and continued for 14 years. (washingtontimes.com)
  • After a long decline, birthrates in European countries have reached a historic low, as potential parents increasingly opt for few or no children. (nytimes.com)
  • You have labor problems, economic problems and steep rates of population decline. (nytimes.com)
  • For instance in London, in the few years prior to 1950, the city experienced annual measles epidemics, but the dynamics changed to biennial epidemics as a result of a decline in the birth rate between 1950 and 1968. (rwjf.org)
  • We found that additional days above 27 degrees Celsius caused a large decline in birth rates approximately eight to 10 months later," the authors noted. (medindia.net)
  • This dynamic adjustment helps explain the observed decline in birth rates during the spring and subsequent increase during the summer. (medindia.net)
  • The teen rate is a "phenomenal decline," said Dr. Elise Berlan, a physician in the section of adolescent medicine at Nationwide Children's Hospital. (wtvr.com)
  • Southbridge, despite having the fifth-highest teen birth rate in the state, showed a decline in the overall number of teen births. (telegram.com)
  • This contrasts with a long-term decline in adolescent birthrates that extended from 1991 through 2005, the researchers said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The study found that the frozen sperm's survival rate after thawing did decline over the 15-year study period - from 85 per cent to 74 per cent survival. (newscientist.com)
  • However, this decline made little difference to the pregnancy and live birth rate in women using these samples for donor insemination, with cumulative live birth rates of 82.2 per cent, 80.2 per cent and 80.0 per cent in the three storage groups respectively. (newscientist.com)
  • Birth rates in the United States began to decline in 2008 after rising to their highest level in two decades, and the decrease appears to be linked to the recession, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of state fertility and economic data. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • Florida, which had the fourth-largest decline in birth rates among the 25 states in 2008, had a 0.5% decline in per capita income the previous year and a 2% foreclosure rate, both of which ranked worst among the this group of states. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • The truth is, birth numbers have been in decline for six straight years, dropping 9 percent from a peak in 2007, according to the report. (taipeitimes.com)
  • A 2011 study conducted by economists Melissa Kearney and Lisa Dettling, showed that every 10 percent rise in home prices led to a 1 percent decline in child birth rates amongst non-homeowners in metropolitan areas between 1990 and 2006. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Kearney and Phillip Levine's research titled "The Impact of MTV's 16 and Pregnant on Teen Childbearing" evoked controversy earlier this year for suggesting that reality TV shows about teen mothers contributed to a decline in teenagers giving birth. (taipeitimes.com)
  • ATLANTA (AP) -- The U.S. teen birth rate in 2009 fell to its lowest point in almost 70 years of record-keeping -- a decline that stunned experts who believe it's partly due to the recession. (middletownpress.com)
  • It was a 6 percent decline from the previous year, and the lowest since health officials started tracking the rate in 1940. (middletownpress.com)
  • A decline in immigration to the United States, blamed on the weak job market, is another factor cited for the lower birth rate. (middletownpress.com)
  • The birth rate for women in their early 20s plummeted 7 percent, the largest decline for that age group since 1973. (middletownpress.com)
  • There is a lot of confusion about the birth decline in old democracies. (sott.net)
  • The birth rate tends to decline as a country attains higher levels of economic development. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • One bright spot in the report was that three states and Puerto Rico did show a decline in their premature birth rates. (kpbs.org)
  • A report released last year found that the rate of teenagers having sex decreased slightly, following an overall trend of decline in teenage sex in the last 20 years. (cnn.com)
  • Progress in reducing teen pregnancy has been nothing short of remarkable-the teen birth rate has declined a stunning 44% between 1991 and 2010. (prnewswire.com)
  • The rate for teens 15-17 declined 12% in 2010 and has fallen 55% from its peak in 1991. (prnewswire.com)
  • The national teen birth rate fell to 34.3 births per 1,000 girls aged 15-19 in 2010, down from 37.9 in 2009 and 61.8 in 1991 when the teen birth rate was at its peak. (prnewswire.com)
  • Maryland's teen birth rate has dropped for the sixth straight year and is nearly 20 percent lower than in 1991, according to figures to be released today by the governor's office. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Between 1991 and 2005, Oklahoma's teen birth numbers actually declined. (newson6.com)
  • New numbers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show the teen birth rate is rising, for the first time since 1991. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • The birth rate among teen girls has dropped 67 percent since 1991, according to the National Center for Health Statistics, which presented preliminary data for 2016 based on a majority (99.9 percent) of births. (wtvr.com)
  • Teenage birth rates peaked in the baby-boom year of 1957, at 96.3 per 1,000, and by 1991, the rate was 61.8. (nytimes.com)
  • The authors of the report estimate that if 1991 birth rates had prevailed through 2010, 3.4 million additional babies would have been born to teenagers during these years. (nytimes.com)
  • Birth rates peaked most recently in 1991. (cnn.com)
  • Shaher and other Palestinian women are producing babies at one of the highest rates in the world. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The average age of women giving birth was just over 31 by 2010, while there was a 22% increase in those aged 35 and older having babies. (rte.ie)
  • Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn death, and babies who survive often face serious and sometimes lifelong health problems such as developmental delays or vision loss, according to the organization. (cnn.com)
  • Without the recent decreasing rates, 176,000 more babies would have been born preterm, Dr. McCabe said. (msnbc.com)
  • In an encouraging development, the rate of premature births and low birthweight babies declined after a long upward trend, according to a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. (reuters.com)
  • For the first time since 1984 there was a drop in the percentage of babies born with low birth weight, which similarly increases the risk of a baby's health problems. (reuters.com)
  • Preterm babies are born at a higher rate in the US than in 130 other countries, including many poorer nations, according to a report released today, Born Too Soon: The Global Action Report on Preterm Birth , published by the March of Dimes and almost fifty other groups, including the World Health Organization . (rwjf.org)
  • Preterm birth (birth before 37 weeks completed gestation) is the leading cause of newborn death in the US-nearly half a million US babies are born too early each year. (rwjf.org)
  • Babies who survive an early birth often have breathing problems, cerebral palsy, intellectual disabilities, and other lifelong problems. (rwjf.org)
  • Even babies born just a few weeks early have higher rates of hospitalization and illness than full-term infants, and the costs exceed $26 billion each year. (rwjf.org)
  • NEW YORK - U.S. birth rates declined last year for women in their teens, 20s and - surprisingly - their 30s, leading to the fewest babies in 30 years, according to a government report released Thursday. (floridatoday.com)
  • Rates of preterm and low birth weight babies rose for the third straight year, possibly for the same reason. (floridatoday.com)
  • Birth rates for women in their 30s had been rising steadily to the highest levels in at least half a century, and women in their early 30s recently became the age group that has the most babies. (floridatoday.com)
  • As of 2007[update], the average birth rate for the whole world is 20.3 per year per 1000 total population, which for a world population of 6.5 billion comes to 134 million babies per year. (phys.org)
  • ATHENS - As a longtime fertility doctor, Minas Mastrominas has helped couples in Greece give birth to thousands of bouncing babies. (nytimes.com)
  • It sounds like one of those stories you can safely ignore: The U.S. birth rate has hit a record low, led by a big drop in the portion of immigrant women having babies. (jillstanek.com)
  • A veteran nurse, Barron was in charge of infection control and quality assurance at the hospital when she noticed there had been two babies born with the birth defect of anencephaly in a six month period. (truth-out.org)
  • Almost all babies with the defect die shortly after birth. (truth-out.org)
  • Last week, a 33-year-old woman in California made headlines around the world when she gave birth to eight babies. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • This is an estimate of the total number of babies that 1,000 women would have over their lifetimes, based on the actual birth rates for women in different age groups. (latimes.com)
  • The nation's birth rates last year reached record lows for women in their teens and 20s, a government report shows, leading to the fewest babies in 32 years.The provisional report, released Wednesday and based on more than 99% of U.S. birth records, found 3.788 million births last year. (wesh.com)
  • It was the fourth year the number of births has fallen, the lowest since 1986 and a surprise to some experts given the improving economy.The fertility rate of 1.7 births per U.S. woman also fell 2%, meaning the current generation isn't making enough babies to replace itself. (wesh.com)
  • The number of babies born to native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders was stable.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report also found:-Overall, the U.S. birth rate for women ages 15 to 44 was 59 births per 1,000 women, an all-time low. (wesh.com)
  • The nation's birth rates last year reached record lows for women in their teens and 20s, a government report shows, leading to the fewest babies in 32 years. (wesh.com)
  • The fertility rate of 1.7 births per U.S. woman also fell 2%, meaning the current generation isn't making enough babies to replace itself. (wesh.com)
  • Estimated data released from the recent U.S. Census Bureau shows that Washington state has babies being born at a rate that's among the fastest in the country, especially of note as the nation's growth has slowed. (mynorthwest.com)
  • Alongside a focus on specific elements such as reducing smoking in pregnancy and monitoring fetal movements, the Saving Babies' Lives Care Bundle is now being updated in 2019 to include measures to reduce preterm birth. (tommys.org)
  • Worcester had a birth rate of 31.6 - or 244 - babies born to women between the ages of 15 and 19. (telegram.com)
  • In 2009, the city's birth rate was 28.3 - or 219 - babies born to women of the same age group. (telegram.com)
  • Also, the rate of low-birth-weight babies fell slightly to 8.2% from 8.3% in 2006. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Also, many of the causes of the declining birthrates-such as teens having fewer babies-are good for the region. (sightline.org)
  • The three-year improvement in the U.S. preterm birth rate means that 40,000 more babies were given a healthy start in life and spared the risk of life-long health consequences of an early birth. (cafemom.com)
  • Nearly 10 percent of babies born in the U.S. are born prematurely and the rates of preterm birth are going up, a new government report shows. (sctimes.com)
  • Premature birth is the leading cause of newborn death and babies who survive often face the risk of lifelong health challenges. (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • Doctors see every home-birth patient who had a complication, but we don't see the ones that have these beautiful, fabulous babies at home who may breast-feed better or have less hospital-acquired infections. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The women's use of long-term hormonal birth control such as the shot and the implant increased by 68 percent-the jump appears large because previous use of this type of birth control was so low-and the rate of babies born in this age group also fell by 10 percent. (umich.edu)
  • Birth rates among black and Hispanic teenagers have fallen dramatically over the past decade, but they're still more likely to have babies compared to their white peers, according to a new report, NBC News reports. (nbcnewyork.com)
  • The report also included the rising births of more low birth weight babies than in previous years and births overall fell across the U.S., while high-risk births became more common, according to the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics. (nbcconnecticut.com)
  • The increase in the preterm birth rate is an alarming indication that the health of pregnant women and babies in our country is heading in the wrong direction," Stacey Stewart, president of the March of Dimes, a charity organization, told NBC News. (nbcconnecticut.com)
  • The survival rate of premature babies has gone up in recent decades as neonatal care has become more sophisticated. (kpbs.org)
  • The crude birth rate calculated in the preceding example, is the most common measure of fertility because it requires the least amount of data and measures the impact of fertility on population growth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Crude birth rates at the end of the twentieth century range from over 40 per 1,000 in many African countries and a few Asian countries such as Yemen and Afghanistan to less than 12 per 1,000 in the slow-growing or declining countries of Europe and Japan (Population Reference Bureau 1998). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The crude birth rate is aptly named when used to compare childbearing levels between populations. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If women of childbearing age compose different proportions in the populations under consideration or within the same population in a longitudinal analysis, the crude birth rate is an unreliable indicator of the relative level of childbearing. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A portion of Utah's 61 percent higher crude birth rate is due to the state's higher proportion of childbearing-age women, 23 percent, versus 20 percent in Florida (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1994). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The proportion of childbearing-age women varies more widely between nations, making the crude birth rate a poor choice for international comparisons. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Other rates that more precisely specify the population at risk are better comparative measures of childbearing, although only the crude birth rate measures the impact of fertility on population growth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. (nationmaster.com)
  • Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration. (nationmaster.com)
  • also known as crude birth rate. (indexmundi.com)
  • Crude birth rate is the nativity or childbirths per 1,000 people per year. (phys.org)
  • This figure is combined with the crude death rate to produce the rate of natural population growth (natural in that it does not take into account net migration). (phys.org)
  • Crude death rates among children ages 1 to 19 dropped by 2.5%, with unintentional injuries and homicide still being the leading causes. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people) in Grenada was reported at 18.95 in 2015, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. (tradingeconomics.com)
  • Canada's crude birth rate (the number of live births for every 1,000 people in the population), edged downward to another record low in 2004--despite a second straight increase in the number of live births. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). (nationmaster.com)
  • The report focuses on the social and biological characteristics of all mothers that gave birth in Ireland in 2010, as well as pregnancy outcomes. (rte.ie)
  • The results of this study demonstrate that we can reduce the rate of unintended pregnancy and this is key to reducing abortions in this country. (livescience.com)
  • The teen birth rate in the U.S. had declined dramatically in past years because of both less sex and more contraception," Bill Albert of the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy advocacy group said in a telephone interview. (reuters.com)
  • It also has improved child development centers, encouraged companies to set up childcare centers, given the right to leave from work for giving birth, and prevented teenage pregnancy problems. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • Elizabeth Mason, MD, director of the Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health for the WHO says model practices in other countries that have reduced preterm births include creating medical homes for expectant mothers, reducing hospital infection rates and both prenatal care and care throughout a pregnancy to monitor for concerns. (rwjf.org)
  • The availability of birth control at no cost lowered both pregnancy rates in teenage girls and abortion rates among all participants. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • Independent experts question how much influence state programs have on teen birth rates, but a leading expert on teen-age pregnancy said he could not rule out the possibility that Maryland's efforts are having a positive effect. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The teen pregnancy rate went up last year, and that's the first time that has happened in 14 years. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • where preterm birth has taken place before 34 weeks, the importance of post-pregnancy consultation with parents is also discussed. (tommys.org)
  • While teen pregnancy has technically decreased over the last two decades, rates are still high compared with other developed countries. (livescience.com)
  • Federally funded family planning clinics in the state had been providing free contraception to families who couldn't afford them for four decades, yet six of every 10 women, ages 15 to 24, who had a live birth that year said their pregnancy had been unintended. (yesmagazine.org)
  • It's remarkable that teen pregnancy rates are going down pretty much everywhere in the country," said John Santelli, professor of population and family health and pediatrics at Columbia University who has done extensive research on the subject. (yesmagazine.org)
  • From 2007 to 2010, teenage pregnancy rates declined in every state except Montana, North Dakota and West Virginia, where there was no significant difference over the period. (nytimes.com)
  • The pre-term birth rate, for infants delivered at less than 37 weeks of pregnancy, dropped for the third straight year to about 12 percent of all births. (middletownpress.com)
  • For decades, health educators have been emphasizing the hazards of teen pregnancy, including higher dropout rates and other problems for these young mothers and their kids. (middletownpress.com)
  • It seems they have a pattern of extended pregnancy, but we don't know if post-term birth is a positive or a negative or a tradeoff," Dr. Buhimschi says. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • We did not identify associations between preterm birth and active disease at conception or during pregnancy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Female obesity adversely affects assisted reproductive technology (ART) pregnancy and live birth rates. (nih.gov)
  • The SART CORS was used to evaluate the odds of failure to achieve a clinical intrauterine pregnancy and failure to achieve a live birth by the woman's age, BMI and oocyte source (autologous versus donor), controlling for race and ethnicity, day of embryo transfer, number of embryos transferred and infertility diagnoses. (nih.gov)
  • However, "the older the mother is, the more risk there is" of complications during pregnancy that account for higher rates of death for older mothers, she said. (ocregister.com)
  • Many other researchers have shown that abstinence-only education does not reduce teen pregnancy rates. (nbcnewyork.com)
  • If that same culture isn't successfully discouraging teen sex, the pregnancy and birth rates rise. (newsone.com)
  • Rates of teenage pregnancy and birth rates by state in 1990 exceeded those in most developed countries. (cdc.gov)
  • Results: Data in this report indicate that pregnancy rates by state among U.S. teenagers ages 15-19 years have changed little since 1980. (cdc.gov)
  • Pregnancy rates range from 25 to 75 per 1,000 for 15- to 17-year-olds and from 92 to 165 per 1,000 for 18- to 19-year-olds. (cdc.gov)
  • This nation has made truly extraordinary progress in reducing both rates of teen pregnancies and teen births," said Bill Albert, the chief program officer for The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy . (cnn.com)
  • The infant mortality rate in Massachusetts was 4.4 deaths per 1,000 live births, which is 28 percent lower than the U.S. rate, with 6.1 deaths per 1,000 live births. (telegram.com)
  • These findings do not support the use of acupuncture to improve the rate of live births among women undergoing IVF. (drugs.com)
  • Birth rates among teenagers were defined as the number of live births per 1,000 women ages 15-19, 15-17, and 18-19 years in their respective racial/ethnic group. (cdc.gov)
  • Rate) Number of live births per 1,000 population. (kidscount.org)
  • The teen birth rate that year was 61.8 live births for each 1,000 women. (cnn.com)
  • Dividing Florida's births by the state's population and multiplying by 1,000 yields a birth rate of 13 per 1,000. (encyclopedia.com)
  • According to the Oklahoma Institute for Child Advocacy , the state's birth rate for older teens -- ages 18 to 19 -- jumped in 2007 from 6th highest to 2nd highest in the country, just behind Mississippi. (newson6.com)
  • The national birth date dipped 10 percent from 2000-10, the state's dropped 12 percent and Orange County's plummeted 23 percent, with 16.5 births per 1,000 population in 2000 falling to 12.7 per 1,000 in 2010. (ocweekly.com)
  • Over the next five years, the state's teen birth and abortion rates were cut in half. (yesmagazine.org)
  • Analysis also found a strong association between the magnitude of birth rate change from 2007-2008 and a state's housing foreclosure rate in 2007. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • That's been an issue in previous counts, and South Dakota officials say the state's high fertility rate is one important reason an accurate count is needed. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • Although the general fertility rate is a more accurate measure of the relative levels of fertility between populations, it remains sensitive to the distribution of population across women of childbearing ages. (encyclopedia.com)
  • When women are heavily concentrated in the younger, more fecund ages, such as in developing countries today and in the United States in 1980, rather than the less fecund older ages, such as in the United States and other developed countries today, the general fertility rate is not the best choice for fertility analysis. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The rate of births to women ages 15 to 44, known as the general fertility rate, sank to a record low of about 60 per 1,000. (floridatoday.com)
  • The number of births in the U.S. last year fell 1% from 2015 while the general fertility rate for women ages 15 to 44 dropped to a record low. (latimes.com)
  • The number of births tends to rise as the population rises, so statisticians like to make historical comparisons by calculating the general fertility rate. (latimes.com)
  • In 2016, the U.S. general fertility rate hit a record low of 62.0 births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 44. (latimes.com)
  • In 2015, the general fertility rate was 62.5. (latimes.com)
  • The general fertility rate rose 1% to 69.5 births per 1,000 women of childbearing age. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The general fertility rate also declined 1 percent last year to another record low: 62.5 per 1,000 women aged 15-to-44. (taipeitimes.com)
  • For example, the fertility rate decreased among teenagers and women in their 20s, but rose slightly among those over age 30. (cnn.com)
  • Interestingly enough, the study says nothing about that fact that the marriage rate among teenagers is also a lot higher in many of these states, which might help to further explain the link between religion and birth rate. (cafemom.com)
  • Birthrates increased among all age groups -- notably teenagers, who have seen a rise in pregnancies for the second year in a row, according to Melonie Heron, PhD, of the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics, and colleagues. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The rate was highest among American Indian and Alaska Native teenagers, up 12% between 2005 and 2007. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Fewer teenagers gave birth in 2010 than in any other year since 1946, government researchers announced last week, and there is good evidence that today's teenagers are initiating sex later and using birth control more consistently than previous generations did. (nytimes.com)
  • In 2010, the birth rate among black and Hispanic teenagers was more than double that of whites. (nytimes.com)
  • According to US National Center for Health Statistics data, teenagers giving birth dipped to an all-time low last year, dropping 10 percent to 26.5 per 1000, bringing down the overall rate. (taipeitimes.com)
  • The birth rate for teenagers fell to 39 births per 1,000 girls, ages 15 through 19, according to a government report released Tuesday. (middletownpress.com)
  • U.S. states whose residents have more conservative religious beliefs on average tend to have higher rates of teenagers giving birth, a new study suggests. (newsone.com)
  • The birth rate for teenagers, ages 15 to 19, dropped 3% between 2002 and 2003 to a record low. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A report released Tuesday by the National Center for Health Statistics showed the teenage birth rate for American teenagers fell 9% from 2009 to 2010. (cnn.com)
  • Had that rate persisted, there would have been about 3.4 million additional births to teenagers from 1992 to 2010. (cnn.com)
  • Hispanics have the highest teenage birth rates at 55.7 births per 1,000, and black teenagers have the second highest with 51.5. (cnn.com)
  • Thirty-five states and Washington reduced the percentage of women of childbearing age who smoked, and 28 states, Washington and Puerto Rico lowered the rate of late preterm births: infants born between 34 and 36 weeks gestation. (cnn.com)
  • Christopher Howson, PHD, Vice President for Global Programs at the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, says the current worldwide rate of preterm births could be halved by 2025 if the recommended interventions are carried out. (rwjf.org)
  • New guidelines developed by the UK Preterm Clinical Network will reduce the rates of preterm births. (tommys.org)
  • We will not achieve the national Maternity Safety Ambition [to halve the rates of stillbirths, neonatal and brain injuries that occur during or soon after birth by 2025] unless the rate of preterm births is reduced. (tommys.org)
  • The adolescent birth rate declined for the second consecutive year, preterm births declined for the third consecutive year, adolescent injury deaths declined, and fewer 12th graders binge drank, according to the federal government's annual statistical report on the well-being of the nation's children and youth. (healthcanal.com)
  • As a result, the researchers found, both teen births and overall abortion rates plummeted. (livescience.com)
  • As a society, we want to reduce unintended pregnancies and abortion rates," explained Alina Salganicoff, director of women's health policy at the Kaiser Family Foundation, according to Fox Latino news. (digitaljournal.com)
  • In that group, free birth control dropped abortion rates by more than 62 percent and teen birth rates were about one sixth the national average, according to lead researcher Dr. Jeffrey Peipert, CBS St.Louis reported. (digitaljournal.com)
  • Moreover, many states have reported increases in birth rates that are probably related to concurrent decreases in abortion rates. (cdc.gov)
  • Abortion rates were defined as the number of legal induced abortions per 1,000 women in those age and racial/ethnic groups. (cdc.gov)
  • Preterm or premature births are defined as birth before 37 weeks of gestation. (cnn.com)
  • We don't know why, but historically the United States has a higher rate of premature births than other developed countries," says Dr. Buhimschi, who is also a professor of Pediatrics and Obstetrics/Gynecology at the Ohio State University College of Medicine. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • This article includes a list of U.S. states sorted by birth and death rate, expressed per 1,000 inhabitants, for 2018, using the most recent data available from the U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. (wikipedia.org)
  • The only two groups with slightly higher birth rates in 2018 were women in their late 30s and those in their early 40s. (wesh.com)
  • TUESDAY, May 15, 2018 -- For women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), acupuncture at the time of ovarian stimulation and embryo transfer is not associated with a significant difference in live birth rate compared with sham acupuncture, according to a study published in the May 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association . (drugs.com)
  • According to the CDC, South Dakota had a fertility rate of 73.6 in 2018, the highest in the nation. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • Note that from 2015-2018 the citywide number of births covers all births, whether the ward of the DC is known or not, but the birth rate only covers births with a known ward. (kidscount.org)
  • There has also been a recent downturn in the birth rate for women in the peak childbearing ages. (cdc.gov)
  • A downturn in the birth rate affects the whole economy. (cnn.com)
  • The number of cesarean births to women with no previous cesarean birth jumped 7 percent and the rate of vaginal births after previous cesarean delivery dropped 23 percent. (cdc.gov)
  • Country or regional comparisons of cesarean birth rates are challenging because of varying types of data available, but overall rates are estimated to vary from 2.9% in Sub-Saharan Africa to 26.3% in Southeast Asia ( Stanton & Holtz, 2006 ). (nursingcenter.com)
  • Elective primary cesarean birth rates are among the highest in the world in Latin America, with a reported rate of 80% to 90% in white, insured women who give birth in private hospitals. (nursingcenter.com)
  • Differences in rates have been found in Greek public and private hospitals and in South Korea, where a study reported that providers and the healthcare system contribute to high cesarean birth rates rather than maternal demand. (nursingcenter.com)
  • These high rates are significantly higher than the 15% cesarean birth rate recommended by the World Health Organization, and thousands of elective cesarean births are performed each year. (nursingcenter.com)
  • In Sao Paulo, Brazil, 59 private hospitals have cesarean birth rates over 80%, and women at 38 weeks' gestation are scheduled for a collective cesarean "surgical day. (nursingcenter.com)
  • Strategies for reversing this trend for higher cesarean birth rates include hospital second opinion policies, better education of women of childbearing age regarding potential risks and benefits, and informed consent. (nursingcenter.com)
  • We know that there are no reductions in maternal and neonatal mortality when the cesarean birth rate is above 15%, yet globally these rates are escalating and birthing units are becoming surgical suites for more than one-third of women giving birth. (nursingcenter.com)
  • In Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, it is estimated that the low cesarean birth rate among women living in poverty contributes to 80,000 maternal deaths each year. (nursingcenter.com)
  • Congenital heart problems lead all other types of birth defects in Alaska, just as they do nationwide, the study reported. (mcclatchydc.com)
  • Alaska also posted higher than average rates of less common birth defects, such as cleft palates (two times the national average), fetal alcohol syndrome (four times the national average), and Hirschsprung's Disease, characterized by enlarged colons due to bowel obstructions (six times the national average). (mcclatchydc.com)
  • What Is Causing the High Rate of Fatal Birth Defects in Washington? (truth-out.org)
  • If someone has diabetes and it's not really well-controlled that could lead to birth defects," said Verbiest. (wtvr.com)
  • The arrival of Zika virus in Brazil doubled the rate of birth defects involving the nervous system, including microcephaly, researchers reported Wednesday. (nbcmiami.com)
  • Separately, the World Health Organization tweaked its statement on Zika and the rise in rates of birth defects and Guillain-Barré syndrome, saying the virus is the "most likely explanation" for both. (nbcmiami.com)
  • With chapters nationwide, the March of Dimes works to prevent birth defects, premature birth and infant mortality. (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • The birth rate for teenage girls rose 5 percent between 2005 and 2007, according to the report. (reuters.com)
  • The birth rate of the study's teenage participants was six births per 1,000 girls, compared with the national rate of 34 per 1,000 in 2010. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • The latest birth rate data for the state also shows that the teen birth rate at 17.1 percent is half the national rate, which is 34.2 births per 1,000 teenage girls. (telegram.com)
  • From 2009 to 2010, the rate of teenage births fell by 9 percent, to 34.9 per thousand, the lowest rate ever reported in the 65 years for which data is available. (nytimes.com)
  • A version of this article appears in print on 04/17/2012, on page D 5 of the NewYork edition with the headline: Teenage Birth Rate Is Lowest Since 1946. (nytimes.com)
  • The new study, The Contraceptive CHOICE Project, published online Thursday in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, provided counseling and free birth control to 9,256 teenage girls and women in the St. Louis area from 2007 until 2011. (digitaljournal.com)
  • The teenage birth rate in the United States has fallen to a record low in the seven decades since such statistics were last collected. (cnn.com)
  • The data from the report, which was derived from birth certificates, doesn't pinpoint why the teenage birth rate has decreased over the last few decades, said Brody Hamilton, an author of the report and a statistician at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cnn.com)
  • Asians have the lowest teenage birth rate with 10.9. (cnn.com)
  • The lower teenage birth rate is a duel victory for both sides, he said, because sex education varies so much from one community to another. (cnn.com)
  • Birth rates for women in their 20s and early 30s were generally down while births to older mothers (35-44) were still on the rise. (cdc.gov)
  • Birth rate patterns also vary greatly by mothers age. (cdc.gov)
  • So, "contrary to the doomsday projections that this statistic is likely to evoke," the big story may not be that there's some continuing escalation of unmarried mothers giving births but that the birth rates to married couples have fallen, she said. (washingtontimes.com)
  • the rate for white mothers is 11 percent. (rwjf.org)
  • If they close this hospital, some mothers would end up giving birth on the side of the road. (pbs.org)
  • Some, including those of Italy and Malaysia, seek to increase the national birth rate using measures such as financial incentives or provision of support services to new mothers. (phys.org)
  • The birthrate for single mothers peaked in 2007 and 2008, at 51.8 births per 1,000 unmarried women of childbearing age. (latimes.com)
  • In 2010, half of the births were to mothers of Latino heritage with a birth rate of 18.7 per 1,000 population. (ocweekly.com)
  • Eastern European birthrates tend to be lower than in Britain, so it seems likely that the higher fertility of mothers born abroad is largely explained by the Muslim factor. (standpointmag.co.uk)
  • Research has shown that chronic stress from racism is associated with a higher risk of premature birth among African American mothers, which also puts them at a higher risk of infant death . (kpbs.org)
  • There is evidence that increased use of family planning methods decreases maternal and infant mortality rates, improves quality of life for mothers, and stimulates economic development. (wikipedia.org)
  • The U.S.'s preterm birth rate is the highest among industrialized countries, according to the March of Dimes. (cnn.com)
  • The 2012 preterm birth rate dropped to 11.5%, a 15-year low, according to the March of Dimes Premature Birth Report Card . (cnn.com)
  • A premature birth costs businesses about 12 times as much as uncomplicated healthy birth," March of Dimes President Dr. Jennifer L. Howse said in a statement. (cnn.com)
  • The preterm birth rate peaked at 12.8% in 2006 after rising for more than two decades, according to the March of Dimes. (cnn.com)
  • We would like to see them go down at a faster rate, but we are pleased," Dr. Edward McCabe, chief medical officer of March of Dimes Foundation, told msnbc. (msnbc.com)
  • The March of Dimes is leading the Prematurity Campaign to reduce the nation's preterm birth rate to 9.6% by 2020. (msnbc.com)
  • The March of Dimes charity said pre-term birth is the leading cause of newborn deaths in the United States, with early births costing more than $26 billion annually. (reuters.com)
  • As November is Prematurity Awareness Month , the March of Dimes today released its annual prematurity birth report card . (cafemom.com)
  • DENVER--( BUSINESS WIRE )-- Premature birth in Colorado has declined along with three key contributing factors, it was reported today by the March of Dimes in its annual assessment, the Premature Birth Report Card. (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • The United States (with a premature birth rate of 12.3%) received a "D" on the March of Dimes report card. (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • Throughout November, the March of Dimes seeks to draw attention to the seriousness of premature birth, which has been called the biggest threat to a baby's health. (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • The preterm birth rate was 11.4% in 2013, according to the March of Dimes , meeting the federal goal that was set for 2020. (allgov.com)
  • Achieving the Healthy People 2020 goal is reason for celebration, but the U.S. still has one of the highest rates of preterm birth of any high resource country and we must change that," March of Dimes President Dr. Jennifer L. Howse said in a release. (allgov.com)
  • The rate of premature birth across the United States rose for the third year in a row, according to the annual premature birth report card from March of Dimes, a nonprofit organization that works to improve maternal and infant health. (kpbs.org)
  • Over the last few years, racial disparities in premature birth have gotten worse, according to the March of Dimes report. (kpbs.org)
  • Participants were given the option of using any reversible birth control method, from the birth control pill to a hormonal birth control patch to a long-lasting IUD or hormonal implant. (livescience.com)
  • Recent data has found increased use of contraception, such as condoms and hormonal birth control. (cnn.com)
  • Birth rates for Hispanic women are higher than rates for either non-Hispanic black women or non-Hispanic white women in every educational attainment category. (cdc.gov)
  • Among teens 15-19, the birth rate declined 9% in 2010 for non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic blacks, 12% for Hispanic and American Indian Alaska Native teens, and 13% for Asian Pacific Islander teens. (prnewswire.com)
  • The most startling birth rate drop he noted was among young Hispanic women ages 20-25. (deseretnews.com)
  • For many years in this field we saw that women who are Hispanic had really good birth outcomes - even in the face of some more challenges in terms of accessing care," said Verbiest. (wtvr.com)
  • Black and Hispanic teen girls are about two to three times more likely to give birth than white teens, according to the report. (livescience.com)
  • The birth rate among Hispanic teens is the highest of any ethnic group with 70 births per 1,000 girls in 2009. (middletownpress.com)
  • Year after year, studies have found that non-Hispanic white women have the lowest preterm birth rate in Ohio, but new research found a different trend. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Somali immigrants had a 5.9 percent preterm birth rate in the state from 2000 to 2015 compared to 7.9 percent for U.S.-born, non-Hispanic white women, investigators from Nationwide Children's Hospital report. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Consistent with past studies, U.S.-born non-Hispanic black women had the highest rate, at 13 percent. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • But the rate remained about twice as high for Hispanic or black teens, when compared to white teens. (nbcnewyork.com)
  • When Hispanics first came here, they had low preterm birth rates but over time, their rates climbed," Dr. Buhimschi says. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • The annual growth rates for Hispanics and Asians fell sharply last year to just over 2 percent, roughly half the rates in 2000 and the lowest in more than a decade. (blackdoctor.org)
  • The national teen birth rate declined 41 percent between 2006 to 2014 - and dropped by 51 percent among Hispanics, 44 percent among blacks and 35 percent among whites. (nbcnewyork.com)
  • Birth rates also vary by race and ethnicity. (cdc.gov)
  • This year the foundation added a fourth factor to analyze preterm birth rates by race and ethnicity because of concern about healthcare inequalities. (msnbc.com)
  • It also provides preterm birth rates by race and ethnicity for each state and applies a disparity index that ranks states. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • OKLAHOMA CITY - Teen birth rates in Oklahoma rose again, making the state the 5th highest in the nation for births among girls ages 15 to 19. (newson6.com)
  • According to a report from the National Center for Health Statistics, birth rates among young women ages 15 to 19 fell in all but three states and in all racial, ethnic and age groups. (nytimes.com)
  • Married at 15, she gave birth to her first child less than a year later. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The period is usually a year, and the rate is usually expressed per 1,000 people in the population to eliminate the decimal point. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Although the United States' preterm birth rate decreased for the sixth consecutive year, a new report gives the nation a "C" grade. (cnn.com)
  • The United States received a "C" grade for preterm birth rates and ranks behind other developed countries despite the number dropping for the sixth consecutive year. (msnbc.com)
  • The rate rose again in 2007 by 1 percent over the prior year to 42.5 births per 1,000 girls aged 15-19. (reuters.com)
  • The continuing recession is not only having an adverse effect on the economic life in the US but also on the social life after stats showed that the national birth rate dropped for a second successive year. (medindia.net)
  • It marked the fifth year in a row the U.S. birth rate has declined, and the lowest rate on record since the government started tracking the fertility rate in 1909. (cnn.com)
  • As of last year, a separate CDC analysis shows an American woman will give birth to an average of 1.88 children over her lifetime, also a record low. (cnn.com)
  • According to the NESDB, Thailand has to maintain the birth rate at 500,000 per year to keep the country's economy and manpower afloat. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • America's teen birthrate fell in 2008, ending a two-year upward trend, the federal government said in a report released Tuesday morning. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The provisional report, based on a review of more than 99 percent of the birth certificates filed nationwide, counted 3.853 million births last year. (floridatoday.com)
  • Women in their early 40s were the only group with higher birth rates in 2017, up 2 percent from the year. (floridatoday.com)
  • There were six abortions a year for every 1,000 women in the project, compared with the national rate of almost 20 in 1,000. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • The statistics will show that 4.39 percent of Maryland girls between ages 15 and 19 gave birth in 1997, the last year for which figures were available. (baltimoresun.com)
  • There's not yet any data about preemie rates in the United States this year. (yahoo.com)
  • The provisional report, released Wednesday and based on more than 99% of U.S. birth records, found 3.788 million births last year. (wesh.com)
  • Orange County started with a lower adolescent birth rate of 38.3 in 2000 and has experienced the largest drop of 42 percent for a 10-year low of 22.4 births per 1,000 females 15-19 years of age. (ocweekly.com)
  • In 2016, the teen birth rate dropped 9 percent compared to the previous year, a new government report published Friday found. (wtvr.com)
  • Even older women, those between the ages of 40 and 44, showed a swelling increase of 4 percent over 2015 - the highest rate for this group since 1966, according to the statisticians, while the rate of birth for women who are older than 45 is also a record high though the number of births remains essentially unchanged compared to last year. (wtvr.com)
  • Joyce A. Martin, a co-author of the report and lead statistician, also noted the declining rate of nonmarital births - births to people who aren't legally married - in 2016, which fell 3 percent compared to the previous year. (wtvr.com)
  • Between 2009 and 2017, the rate of 18.8 was down an average of 50 percent among 15- to 19-year-olds. (yesmagazine.org)
  • The U.S. birthrate has increased yet again, now topping 4.3 million in 2007 -- a 1% jump over the previous year, researchers reported. (medpagetoday.com)
  • In 22 of these 25 states, the birth rate - the share of women of childbearing age who gave birth - declined or leveled off in 2008, compared with the previous year. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • The nation's birth rate grew each year from 2003 to 2007, and has declined since then. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • This analysis focuses on birth rate changes in 2008, the year after the national recession began. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • Strong associations were found between the magnitude of state-level birth rate change from 2007 to 2008 and the magnitude the previous year of per capita income change and housing price change. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • Among the 25 states, Arizona's birth rate declined more than 4% in 2008 compared with the previous year, the largest change of the 25. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • The good news is that overall the United States bumped its grade up from a "D" to a "C" when it comes to reducing the rates of prematurity, and there's been a three-year improvement. (cafemom.com)
  • A lack of access to reliable birth control is a major factor behind the three million unplanned pregnancies in the United States every year. (digitaljournal.com)
  • In other words, if the same results were replicated across the United States, free birth control could prevent 1,060,370 unplanned pregnancies and 873,250 abortions a year, AFP said. (digitaljournal.com)
  • The C-section rate has been rising every year since 1996. (middletownpress.com)
  • For the first time, racial and ethnic minorities make up more than half the children born in the U.S. Blacks, who comprise about 12.3 percent of the population, have increased at a rate of about 1 percent each year. (blackdoctor.org)
  • Finland adopted the guidelines after a large-scale study of women's health records, published in 1997, found that the suicide rate among women who had undergone abortions in the prior year was three times higher compared to women in the general population and six times higher compared to women who gave birth. (lifenews.com)
  • 10 extremely low birth weight infants were admitted per year, and no prenatal maternal transfer. (aappublications.org)
  • This report studies the characteristics and performance of newly established Canadian firms - including new firms birth rates, survival rates and employment levels - at their year of entry into the Canadian economy and for up to ten subsequent years. (gc.ca)
  • Last year, the state reached a historic milestone: the lowest birth rate on record - 12.4 births per thousand people. (ocregister.com)
  • These three factors contributed to a lower premature birth rate of 11.4% (compared to the 12.2% reported last year). (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • The American Community Survey samples about 3 million households each year in every U.S. county and Puerto Rico municipios, and Abramowitz combed the survey to find instances of women who had given birth in the last year. (umich.edu)
  • A three-year fall in the birth rate in France is threatening its title as Europe's most fertile nation, and government policies are being blamed. (sott.net)
  • wondered Le Monde after the national statistical office released figures showing that the birth rate, which began falling in 2015, fell another 2.1 per cent last year to an average of 1.88 children per woman compared with 2.0 in 2014 . (sott.net)
  • The rate for Britain last year was 1.87. (sott.net)
  • Women in the United States gave birth last year at the lowest rate in 30 years, a trend that could weigh on economic growth in the coming decades. (kcra.com)
  • The fertility rate dropped 3 percent last year to 60.2 births per 1,000 women ages 15 through 44. (kcra.com)
  • Linda Gage, senior demographer with the state Department of Finance, said the growth will probably continue to slow, but it will not experience a year-to-year drop in population because it still has a solid birth rate and remains a popular destination for foreign immigrants. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The U.S. birth rate fell to the lowest level since national data have been available, reports the latest Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) birth statistics released today by HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson. (cdc.gov)
  • The study, based on an analysis of 1994 birth certificates, found a direct relationship between years of education and birth rates, with the highest birth rates among women with the lowest educational attainment. (cdc.gov)
  • WASHINGTON , Nov. 17, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The U.S. teen birth rate declined 9% in 2010 and is now at the lowest level ever reported, according to data released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). (prnewswire.com)
  • The abortion rate is the lowest it has been since 1973. (freep.com)
  • Numbers released Wednesday show 2011 had the lowest birth rate in United States history. (deseretnews.com)
  • Teen birth rates fell to 31.3 per 1,000, the lowest since 1940. (deseretnews.com)
  • The birth rate for those ages 25-29, at 107.2 per 1,000, is the lowest since 1976. (deseretnews.com)
  • The result is birthrates that are the lowest in the world - and the lowest sustained rates in history. (nytimes.com)
  • Shortly before Christmas, the U.S. Census Bureau released data highlighting a worrisome trend: The population grew a subdued 0.7 percent, the lowest rate of growth since the Great Depression years of 1936 and 1937. (pilotonline.com)
  • Without significant improvement, the region is trending toward some of the lowest birthrates in the world , which will accelerate stress on pension and welfare systems and crimp growth as a shrinking work force competes with the rest of Europe and the world. (nytimes.com)
  • No duh: The retirement community of Laguna Woods had the lowest birth rate of 0.3 per 1,000 residents. (ocweekly.com)
  • While the teen birth rate across the state was the lowest in history, the teen birth rate in Worcester increased 12 percent, according to the latest birth report issued by the state Department of Public Health on Monday. (telegram.com)
  • or 17.1 births per 1,000 women from 15 to 19 years old, which is the lowest teen birth rate ever recorded, according to the DPH. (telegram.com)
  • In a pattern that has persisted for many years, rates were highest in the South and Southwest, and lowest in the Northeast and Upper Midwest. (nytimes.com)
  • In 2002 low birthrates, along with slowed migration, contributed to the region's lowest rate of population growth since 1986. (sightline.org)
  • Natural increase is at the lowest rate for the region since the 1930s, driven by a decades-long tapering of birthrates. (sightline.org)
  • BC also has the lowest total fertility rate in the region. (sightline.org)
  • its growth in per capita income growth was the largest among these states, and its 2007 foreclosure rate was the second lowest among the 25 states. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • The Ohio investigators are also recruiting Somali women for studies they hope will reveal why they have the lowest rate here, and whether the rate persists as the population becomes acclimated to the United States. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Vermont had the lowest rate at 7.5 percent. (kpbs.org)
  • 10 It follows that even a fall in the birth rate to the lowest level experienced for over a century would, however unlikely, not prevent the population reaching 70 million in the next 25 years. (migrationwatchuk.org)
  • Namibia, with a contraception use rate of 46% in 2006-07, has one of the highest rates in Africa, while Senegal with a rate of 8.7% in 2005 has one of the lowest. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2016, the total fertility rate for American women was 1,818 births per 1,000 women. (latimes.com)
  • The ages of women giving birth in the U.S. has been skewing older for several years, and that trend continued in 2016. (latimes.com)
  • Meanwhile, birthrates for women in their teens and 20s hit record lows in 2016. (latimes.com)
  • In 2017, the premature birth rate was 9.93 percent of births, up slightly from 2016, when it was 9.85 percent. (kpbs.org)
  • African American women have the highest risk of all racial and ethnic groups in the country with a 13.4 percent rate, based on data aggregated from 2014-2016. (kpbs.org)
  • The birth rate has largely been declining since the post-World War II baby boom, but that fall accelerated during the Great Recession, as high unemployment derailed many young people's plans to move out and start families. (cnn.com)
  • The youth unemployment rate stands at a staggering 35 percent, prompting young people to both hold off on starting a family and leave in search of work. (pbs.org)
  • Strong associations also were found between the magnitude of state-level birth rate change from 2007 to 2008, and the previous year's change in gross domestic product by state, as well as in first claims for unemployment benefits. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • 2 No correlation was found with change in state-level employment or unemployment rates. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • Health care providers everywhere have started asking what can be done about known risk factors for preterm birth like chronic unemployment, a stressful home life or depression that aren't so easily observed in the doctor's office. (kbia.org)
  • Houses were cheap, unemployment numbers were low and the fertility rate was at its highest. (taipeitimes.com)
  • The CDC said high unemployment rates, parents who have less education and high poverty levels are the reasons for the gap. (nbcnewyork.com)
  • To control for the effect of population size, analyses of fertility and mortality usually use rates. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Seven industrialized nations, for example, had an infant mortality rate less than half the U.S. rate in 2006, the researchers wrote. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Preterm birth is the second leading cause of infant mortality, can hinder intellectual and physical development and cause a long list of long-term problems including cerebral palsy, autism, behavioral problems, vison and hearing loss, and asthma. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Our goal was to investigate the neonatal mortality rate and the mortality rate during the NICU stay for extremely low birth weight infants born in Japan in 2005. (aappublications.org)
  • The neonatal mortality rate and the mortality rate during the NICU stay were 13.0% and 17.0%, respectively, which were lower than 17.7% and 21.5% in the survey in 2000. (aappublications.org)
  • The mortality rates of extremely low birth weight infants who were born in 2005 demonstrated definite improvement. (aappublications.org)
  • Advances in perinatal technology, such as pulmonary surfactant replacement therapy, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, and prenatal administration of glucocorticosteroids, have resulted in decreasing mortality rates for preterm infants. (aappublications.org)
  • Perinatal care systems, such as regionalization and prenatal maternal transfer, also have decreased mortality rates for infants. (aappublications.org)
  • In the latest 3 surveys, the mortality rates for ELBW infants have been improving. (aappublications.org)
  • 1 - 3 The objectives of this study were to investigate the mortality rate of ELBW infants in 2005, to compare the data with those for previous years, and to elucidate factors influencing mortality rates. (aappublications.org)
  • The mortality rate per 1,000 births was 0.35 in the home birth group, 0.57 in hospital births attended by midwives, and 0.64 among those attended by physicians, according to the study. (bio-medicine.org)
  • On the other hand, in developing countries (especially in rural areas and among poor, uninsured women), the recommended lower limit for cesarean births is 5% to 10% in order to avoid high rates of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity from obstetrical complications of vaginal births, because many of these areas do not have the resources to manage high-risk pregnancies. (nursingcenter.com)
  • A 2013 Harvard study that showed that black women in states that formerly had Jim Crow laws enforcing racial segregation, a higher rate of infant mortality than in other states. (kpbs.org)
  • Ireland still has the highest birth rate in the European Union, according to a new ESRI report. (rte.ie)
  • the total cesarean delivery rate of 26.1 percent was the highest level ever reported in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Among women in their twenties - the peak childbearing ages - and women in their forties, birth rates are highest for women with the least education. (cdc.gov)
  • For women with college degrees, rates are highest for those in their early thirties, perhaps signaling the preferred time for childbearing by this group. (cdc.gov)
  • However, the report cautions, America's preterm birth rate remains the highest among industrialized countries. (cnn.com)
  • So which state has the highest rate of teen births? (cafemom.com)
  • Does it make sense that the most religious states would have the highest rates of teens giving birth? (cafemom.com)
  • Guttmacher said Maryland had the fourth-highest abortion rate in 1996, perhaps explaining why it ranked 13th in pregnancies and 30th in birth rate. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The rise in the number of births for older teens helped push Oklahoma from 6th to 5th highest teen birth rate overall. (newson6.com)
  • Birth rates for women 30 and older hit their highest levels since the 1960s, and women in their early 30s had the highest birthrate of any age group. (latimes.com)
  • Those were the highest birthrates for those age groups since 1966 and 1963, respectively. (latimes.com)
  • Those two cities had the highest birth rates with 19.2 births per 1,000 residents in Santa Ana and 16.3 births per 1,000 residents in Anaheim. (ocweekly.com)
  • For women between the ages of 30 and 34, the birth rate increased by 1 percent over 2015 - the highest rate for this age group since 1964. (wtvr.com)
  • The birth rate for women who are between 35 and 39 is up 2 percent over 2015, representing the highest rate since 1962. (wtvr.com)
  • These children alone would be enough to give Britain the highest birthrate in Europe. (standpointmag.co.uk)
  • That's the highest rate for that group since 1967. (middletownpress.com)
  • Along with their low preterm rate, Somali women had the highest post-term birth rate at 5.8 percent compared to less than 1 percent for the other groups, the study found. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • South Dakota has the highest fertility rate," she said. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • Her large family is not all that unusual in drought-stricken Niger, a country where widespread poverty combines with strict patriarchy, early marriages, a lack of health care access and educational opportunities for women, sanctioned polygamy and adherence to fundamentalist Islamic tenets on procreation to produce the highest birth rate in the world, eight children for every woman. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The states with the highest premature birth rates were mostly in the South and the lower Midwest. (kpbs.org)
  • The highest rate was Mississippi with 13.6 percent and the next was Louisiana with 12.7 percent. (kpbs.org)
  • The highest rate states? (cnn.com)
  • Rwanda and Uganda have the highest unmet need for contraception rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers educated the women-ages 14 to 45, many of them poor or uninsured-about different kinds of birth control and gave them their choice of method at no cost. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • Looking at different windows of time, the researchers found that premature birth rates were down between 15 to 23%, neonatologist and lead study author Jasper Been told the New York Times . (yahoo.com)
  • I am very excited that other researchers are starting to include birth seasonality in their models in both developing and developed countries. (rwjf.org)
  • The rate has climbed by more than 50% over the last decade, a result of trends in the primary cesarean delivery rate and the rate of vaginal birth after cesarean delivery, the researchers wrote. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Researchers hope the immigrants can teach them how to reduce the rates of prematurity in the general population. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • In addition to Somalis, the researchers broke out births by other African-born black women, whose prematurity rate was 8.4 percent over the 15 years. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Dr. Buhimschi's fellow researchers are now studying the birth records in other states that have large Somali immigrant populations, to see if the trend is consistent. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Rates of Guillain-Barré syndrome - a rare, paralyzing side-effect of some infections - nearly tripled, the researchers said. (nbcmiami.com)
  • Mika Gissler of the National Institute for Health and Welfare, who was the lead author of the 1997 study, led a team of researchers who examined health records to see if the suicide rate went down after the new guidelines were published. (lifenews.com)
  • The organization compared birth rates with its goal of 9.6% by 2020. (cnn.com)
  • Pressure on workers to remain employed is also likely to lead to stresses on families, and possible declines in birth rates. (edu.au)
  • Other countries are seeing similar declines in birth rates. (adn.com)
  • Among women in the free contraceptive program, the teen birth rate was 6.3 per 1,000 women, a huge difference from the national teen birth rate of 34.3 per 1,000 women. (livescience.com)
  • The rate of unintended pregnancies has declined as contraceptive use has become more widespread, something the Trump administration acknowledged in its rule revision, noting that it lacks the data to calculate costs of unplanned pregnancies resulting from the change. (freep.com)
  • Two years of increases in the teen birth rate are a wake-up call showing the need to target efforts to help teens delay sexual activity, improve contraceptive use, and delay early and generally unplanned childbearing," said Jennifer Manlove of Child Trends. (reuters.com)
  • Half result from a failure to use birth control while the other half are due to inconsistent or incorrect use of birth control and contraceptive failure. (digitaljournal.com)
  • The U.S. fertility rate fell to another record low in 2012, with 63.0 births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 44 years old, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cnn.com)
  • Overall, the U.S. birth rate for women ages 15 to 44 was 59 births per 1,000 women, an all-time low. (adn.com)
  • The birthrate continued to taper off for women in their 40s, with 11.4 birth per 1,000 women between the ages of 40 and 44 and 0.9 births per 1,000 women ages 45 and up. (latimes.com)
  • Today's preliminary 2008 birth data, released by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), estimates that American women had 4,251,095 births, about 66,000 fewer than in 2007. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Stage three - the total population is still rising rapidly, but the gap between birth and death rates narrows due to fewer children needed to work in farming and the availability of contraception. (scribd.com)
  • However, Culhane said that she's heard anecdotal reports of fewer preemies, so she's working on a study that will examine preemie rates in the U.S. (yahoo.com)
  • Such a gigantic beast doesn't exist, of course, but if it did, the metabolic theory of ecology predicts it would have offspring at an incredibly slow rate - fewer than two per lifetime, which is what we are seeing. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Looking ahead, state officials anticipate far fewer teen moms and, by 2040, higher rates of birth among women in their late 30s than women in their late 20s. (ocregister.com)
  • That rate was 12.3 for Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside and San Bernardino counties and a Southern California News Group analysis of state projections shows the region's rate could fall another 24 percent by 2040. (ocregister.com)
  • It's all the more startling when you consider our county went into 2000 with a higher birth rate than the national and state averages. (ocweekly.com)
  • Twelve years ago, unintended pregnancies among young women in Colorado was at a stubbornly high rate. (yesmagazine.org)
  • Rates remain stubbornly high in many states. (kpbs.org)
  • Black women have a 49 percent higher rate of premature birth than women of all other races and ethnicities. (kpbs.org)
  • It is reassuring to see continued declines in the preterm birth rate and adolescent birth rate," said Alan E. Guttmacher, M.D., director of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (healthcanal.com)
  • Providing free, reliable birth control to women could prevent between 41 percent and 71 percent of abortions in the United States, new research finds. (livescience.com)
  • They found that the program reduced the abortion rate among these women by 62 percent to 78 percent. (livescience.com)
  • Births to women 20-24 fell 3 percent from 2010 to 2011 and the birth rate dropped 5 percent. (deseretnews.com)
  • But this welcome news was tempered by evidence that the nation's fertility rate again has fallen below replacement level, while the portion of births outside marriage rose to an unprecedented 41 percent. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Perhaps most surprising, birth rates for women in their 30s fell slightly, dipping 2 percent for women ages 30 to 34 and 1 percent for women 35 to 39. (floridatoday.com)
  • Maryland's rate continues to be less than the national average of 5.23 percent. (baltimoresun.com)
  • We want to bring everybody up to an overall rate of over 80 percent," said Martin. (wtvr.com)
  • 54 percent of the women giving birth in 2010 were 30 years old or older, compared to only 25 percent in 1980. (telegram.com)
  • Teen birth rates have decreased by 37 percent in the United States in the last two decades, though the U.S. rates are up to nine times higher than in other developed countries, including the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Canada, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (livescience.com)
  • About 46 percent of teens have had sexual intercourse , but about 14 percent of sexually active teen girls and 10 percent of teen boys report that they do not use any type of birth control, according to the report released April 5. (livescience.com)
  • While the state changed the way it asked about unintended pregnancies, health officials found that between 2009 and 2017 the birth rate for those 15 to 19, dropped 57 percent - from 37.5 births per 1,000 teens to 16.1, the steepest drop in the country . (yesmagazine.org)
  • During the same time, the abortion rate fell by about 64 percent. (yesmagazine.org)
  • In 16 states, the rate fell more than 20 percent. (nytimes.com)
  • O ther factors include her depression, her low income, and the fact that she's African-American (the preterm birth rate for black women is about 60 percent higher than for white women). (kbia.org)
  • Tweets on birth control increased by 23 percent on the day after each new episode of 16 and Pregnant, according to the paper's authors. (taipeitimes.com)
  • The cesarean delivery rate rose yet again, to about 33 percent of births. (middletownpress.com)
  • The birth rate for women ages 40-44 was up 3 percent from 2008, to about 10 births per 1,000 women. (middletownpress.com)
  • The black growth rate stayed flat at 1 percent. (blackdoctor.org)
  • In contrast, rates for women aged 35 to 39 and 40 to 44 rose 45 percent and 67 percent, respectively. (ocregister.com)
  • ANN ARBOR-When young women were able to better access birth control as part of their parents' insurance plans, a provision of the Affordable Care Act, the abortion rate in this age group fell by about 10 percent. (umich.edu)
  • When women ages 20-24 were able to stay on their parents' insurance, the rate of abortions in this age group fell by between 9 and 14 percent compared to women who weren't able to access that eligibility. (umich.edu)
  • The birth rate among teens aged 15 to 19 dropped 61 percent, from 61.8 to 24.2 births per 1,000, the team at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. (nbcnewyork.com)
  • With birthrates declining, that figure has since fallen to about a 0.3 percent growth rate. (kcra.com)
  • The U.S. economy has grown at a 3 percent average annual rate since World War II. (kcra.com)
  • Rhode Island has lowered its preterm birth rate steadily since 2007, when the rate was 10.8 percent. (kpbs.org)
  • Heart rate measurements by pulse oximetry are superior to auscultation and palpation, but there is contradictory evidence about its accuracy depending on whether the sensor is connected to the infant or the oximeter first. (nih.gov)
  • Prematurity - or birth before 37 weeks of gestation - is a leading contributor to infant death in the United States. (kpbs.org)
  • But more importantly, "this serves as a starting point for more targeted studies aimed at learning why the rate is different and how that can be applied to reduce prematurity in the general population. (nationwidechildrens.org)