The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.
The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The offspring in multiple pregnancies (PREGNANCY, MULTIPLE): TWINS; TRIPLETS; QUADRUPLETS; QUINTUPLETS; etc.
Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.
Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.
Procedures to obtain viable OOCYTES from the host. Oocytes most often are collected by needle aspiration from OVARIAN FOLLICLES before OVULATION.
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
Used for general articles concerning statistics of births, deaths, marriages, etc.
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
Endometrial implantation of EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN at the BLASTOCYST stage.
Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.
Substances used either in the prevention or facilitation of pregnancy.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and the LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. The alpha subunit is common in the three human pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.
A technique that came into use in the mid-1980's for assisted conception in infertile women with normal fallopian tubes. The protocol consists of hormonal stimulation of the ovaries, followed by laparoscopic follicular aspiration of oocytes, and then the transfer of sperm and oocytes by catheterization into the fallopian tubes.
The techniques used to select and/or place only one embryo from FERTILIZATION IN VITRO into the uterine cavity to establish a singleton pregnancy.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
A triphenyl ethylene stilbene derivative which is an estrogen agonist or antagonist depending on the target tissue. Note that ENCLOMIPHENE and ZUCLOMIPHENE are the (E) and (Z) isomers of Clomiphene respectively.
The sequence in which children are born into the family.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.
Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.
Termination of pregnancy under conditions allowed under local laws. (POPLINE Thesaurus, 1991)
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Human artificial insemination in which the husband's semen is used.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which is primarily concerned with the collection, analysis, and dissemination of health statistics on vital events and health activities to reflect the health status of people, health needs, and health resources.
The technique of maintaining or growing mammalian EMBRYOS in vitro. This method offers an opportunity to observe EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT; METABOLISM; and susceptibility to TERATOGENS.
A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.
Age of the biological father.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
The earliest developmental stage of a fertilized ovum (ZYGOTE) during which there are several mitotic divisions within the ZONA PELLUCIDA. Each cleavage or segmentation yields two BLASTOMERES of about half size of the parent cell. This cleavage stage generally covers the period up to 16-cell MORULA.
A potent synthetic agonist of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with 3-(2-naphthyl)-D-alanine substitution at residue 6. Nafarelin has been used in the treatments of central PRECOCIOUS PUBERTY and ENDOMETRIOSIS.
The number of males per 100 females.
Number of fetal deaths with stated or presumed gestation of 20 weeks or more in a given population. Late fetal mortality is death after of 28 weeks or more.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.
Reporting to parents or guardians about care to be provided to a minor (MINORS).
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)
Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
Extracts of urine from menopausal women that contain high concentrations of pituitary gonadotropins, FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE and LUTEINIZING HORMONE. Menotropins are used to treat infertility. The FSH:LH ratio and degree of purity vary in different preparations.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.
Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
A post-MORULA preimplantation mammalian embryo that develops from a 32-cell stage into a fluid-filled hollow ball of over a hundred cells. A blastocyst has two distinctive tissues. The outer layer of trophoblasts gives rise to extra-embryonic tissues. The inner cell mass gives rise to the embryonic disc and eventual embryo proper.
The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.
The process of giving birth to one or more offspring.
Suspension or cessation of OVULATION in animals or humans with follicle-containing ovaries (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). Depending on the etiology, OVULATION may be induced with appropriate therapy.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the OVUM; ZYGOTE; or BLASTOCYST prior to implantation. CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS is performed to determine the presence or absence of genetic disease.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, to guide and determine present and future decisions on population control by limiting the number of children or controlling fertility, notably through family planning and contraception within the nuclear family.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Procedures to obtain viable sperm from the male reproductive tract, including the TESTES, the EPIDIDYMIS, or the VAS DEFERENS.
Diseases involving the FALLOPIAN TUBES including neoplasms (FALLOPIAN TUBE NEOPLASMS); SALPINGITIS; tubo-ovarian abscess; and blockage.
The non-susceptibility to infection of a large group of individuals in a population. A variety of factors can be responsible for herd immunity and this gives rise to the different definitions used in the literature. Most commonly, herd immunity refers to the case when, if most of the population is immune, infection of a single individual will not cause an epidemic. Also, in such immunized populations, susceptible individuals are not likely to become infected. Herd immunity can also refer to the case when unprotected individuals fail to contract a disease because the infecting organism has been banished from the population.
Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Mechanical or anoxic trauma incurred by the infant during labor or delivery.
Methods pertaining to the generation of new individuals, including techniques used in selective BREEDING, cloning (CLONING, ORGANISM), and assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED).
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A condition of having no sperm present in the ejaculate (SEMEN).
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.
A complication of OVULATION INDUCTION in infertility treatment. It is graded by the severity of symptoms which include OVARY enlargement, multiple OVARIAN FOLLICLES; OVARIAN CYSTS; ASCITES; and generalized EDEMA. The full-blown syndrome may lead to RENAL FAILURE, respiratory distress, and even DEATH. Increased capillary permeability is caused by the vasoactive substances, such as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS, secreted by the overly-stimulated OVARIES.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).
Hormones that stimulate gonadal functions such as GAMETOGENESIS and sex steroid hormone production in the OVARY and the TESTIS. Major gonadotropins are glycoproteins produced primarily by the adenohypophysis (GONADOTROPINS, PITUITARY) and the placenta (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN). In some species, pituitary PROLACTIN and PLACENTAL LACTOGEN exert some luteotropic activities.
A potent synthetic analog of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with D-serine substitution at residue 6, glycine10 deletion, and other modifications.
The fusion of a spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) with an OVUM thus resulting in the formation of a ZYGOTE.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A decapeptide that stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. GnRH is produced by neurons in the septum PREOPTIC AREA of the HYPOTHALAMUS and released into the pituitary portal blood, leading to stimulation of GONADOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
The inability of the male to effect FERTILIZATION of an OVUM after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Delivery of an infant through the vagina in a female who has had a prior cesarean section.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS.

Focus on adolescent pregnancy and childbearing: a bit of history and implications for the 21st century. (1/665)

Early childbearing in the United States has roots in the past; is the focus of intense partisan debate at the present time; and will have demographic, social, and economic ramifications in the future. It is an extremely complex issue, for which its associated problems have no easy or simple answers. Early parenthood is viewed as a social problem that has defied public policy attempts to stem its growth. It has become the focus of concern primarily for three reasons: (1) sexual activity has increased sharply, most recently among the youngest teens; (2) out-of-wedlock childbearing has risen among all teenagers, regardless of age; and (3) the issue of welfare. A review of statistics highlights the problem and discussion focuses on means of mitigating the negative effects of early childbearing.  (+info)

Driving through: postpartum care during World War II. (2/665)

In 1996, public outcry over shortened hospital stays for new mothers and their infants led to the passage of a federal law banning "drive-through deliveries." This recent round of brief postpartum stays is not unprecedented. During World War II, a baby boom overwhelmed maternity facilities in American hospitals. Hospital births became more popular and accessible as the Emergency Maternal and Infant Care program subsidized obstetric care for servicemen's wives. Although protocols before the war had called for prolonged bed rest in the puerperium, medical theory was quickly revised as crowded hospitals were forced to discharge mothers after 24 hours. To compensate for short inpatient stays, community-based services such as visiting nursing care, postnatal homes, and prenatal classes evolved to support new mothers. Fueled by rhetoric that identified maternal-child health as a critical factor in military morale, postpartum care during the war years remained comprehensive despite short hospital stays. The wartime experience offers a model of alternatives to legislation for ensuring adequate care of postpartum women.  (+info)

Preterm singleton births--United States, 1989-1996. (3/665)

Preterm birth (birth at <37 completed weeks of gestation) is the second leading cause of neonatal mortality in the United States. Preterm birthrates differ by race; in 1996, black infants were 1.8 times more likely than white infants to be preterm. From 1989 through 1996, the overall rate of preterm birth (per 1000 live-born infants) increased 4%, and the rate of multiple births (e.g., twins, triplets, or other higher-order births) increased 19%. Multiple births are associated with preterm birth; trends in preterm births independent of the influence of multiple births have not been fully explored. To characterize race- and ethnicity-specific trends in preterm birth independent of multiple births, data from U.S. birth certificates for 1989-1996 were analyzed for singleton births only. This report summarizes the results of this analysis and indicates that although singleton preterm birthrates are stable overall, substantial changes in rates occurred in some racial/ethnic subgroups.  (+info)

Relation between size of delivery unit and neonatal death in low risk deliveries: population based study. (4/665)

AIM: To examine risk of neonatal death after low risk pregnancies in relation to size of delivery units. METHODS: A population based study of live born singleton infants in Norway with birthweights of at least 2500 g was carried out. Antenatal risk factors were adjusted for. RESULTS: From 1972 to 1995, 1.25 million births fulfilled the criteria. The neonatal death rate was lowest for maternity units with 2001-3000 annual births and steadily increased with decreasing size of the maternity unit to around twice that for units with less than 100 births a year (odds ratio 2.1; 95 % confidence interval 1.6 to 2.8). Institutions with more than 3000 deliveries a year also had a higher rate (odds ratio 1.7; 95% CI 1.4 to 2.0), but analyses suggest that this rate is overestimated. CONCLUSION: Around 2000 to 3000 annual births are needed to reduce the risk of neonatal deaths after low risk deliveries.  (+info)

Fertility rates in Denmark in relation to the sexes of preceding children in the family. (5/665)

Analysis of the effect of sex combination of previously born children in the family on fertility rates was performed for 363,373 Danish families comprising a total of 613,900 children, to address the questions of sex preference and combination preference. The fertility rates were stratified by parental age, period and latency time to the next child, and fertility rate ratios were estimated using multiplicative Poisson regression models. Our results demonstrate a strong preference for a balanced composition of sexes in Danish families. In families with two or three children the highest fertility rates were seen in families who had same-sexed children. The lowest fertility rates were in families with two children of identical sex followed by a child of the opposite sex. A moderate sex preference for girls was indicated by higher fertility rates in two-boy families than in two-girl families.  (+info)

Effect of labour induction on rates of stillbirth and cesarean section in post-term pregnancies. (6/665)

BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials suggest that elective induction of labour at 41 weeks' gestation, compared with expectant management with selective labour induction, is associated with fewer perinatal deaths and no increase in the cesarean section rate. The authors studied the changes over time in the rates of labour induction in post-term pregnancies in Canada and examined the effects on the rates of stillbirth and cesarean section. METHODS: Changes in the proportion of total births at 41 weeks' and at 42 or more weeks' gestation, and in the rate of stillbirths at 41 or more weeks' (versus 40 weeks') gestation in Canada between 1980 and 1995 were determined using data from Statistics Canada. Changes in the rates of labour induction and cesarean section were determined using data from hospital and provincial sources. RESULTS: There was a marked increase in the proportion of births at 41 weeks' gestation (from 11.9% in 1980 to 16.3% in 1995) and a marked decrease in the proportion at 42 or more weeks (from 7.1% in 1980 to 2.9% in 1995). The rate of stillbirths among deliveries at 41 or more weeks' gestation decreased significantly, from 2.8 per 1000 total births in 1980 to 0.9 per 1000 total births in 1995 (p < 0.001). The stillbirth rate also decreased significantly among births at 40 weeks' gestation, from 1.8 per 1000 total births in 1980 to 1.1 per 1000 total births in 1995 (p < 0.001). The magnitude of the decrease in the stillbirth rate at 41 or more weeks' gestation was greater than that at 40 weeks' gestation (p < 0.001). All hospital and provincial sources of data indicated that the rate of labour induction increased significantly between 1980 and 1995 among women delivering at 41 or more weeks' gestation. The associated changes in rates of cesarean section were variable. INTERPRETATION: Between 1980 and 1995 clinical practice for the management of post-term pregnancy changed in Canada. The increased rate of labour induction at 41 or more weeks' gestation may have contributed to the decreased stillbirth rate but it had no convincing influence either way on the cesarean section rate.  (+info)

Regional variations in need for and provision and use of child health services in England and Wales. (7/665)

An analysis of indicators of the need for and provision and use of child health services in the 15 pre- 1974 hospital board regions in England and Wales showed that need and provisions were badly matched. There was a high degree of correlation between the indices within each of the three groups, indicating that a region with a small provision in one area of child health services would tend to have few resources in other areas also. Statistics on the use of services relate more to the provision of those services than to the need for them. Regions with large resources will justify these resources by claiming that their use statistics indicate needs, whereas they really indicate met demands. It is more important to identify demands and needs that are not being met.  (+info)

Births: final data for 1997. (8/665)

OBJECTIVES: This report presents 1997 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal demographic characteristics including age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, marital status, and educational attainment; maternal lifestyle and health characteristics (medical risk factors, weight gain, and tobacco and alcohol use); medical care utilization by pregnant women (prenatal care, obstetric procedures, complications of labor and/or delivery, attendant at birth, and method of delivery); and infant health characteristics (period of gestation, birthweight, Apgar score, abnormal conditions, congenital anomalies, and multiple births). Also presented are birth and fertility rates by age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status. Selected data by mother's State of residence are shown including teenage birth rates and total fertility rates, as well as data on month and day of birth, sex ratio, and age of father. Trends in fertility patterns and maternal and infant characteristics are described and interpreted. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations of data reported on the birth certificates of the 3.9 million births that occurred in 1997 are presented. RESULTS: Birth and fertility rates declined very slightly in 1997. Birth rates for teenagers fell 3 to 5 percent. Rates for women in their twenties changed very little, whereas rates for women in their thirties rose 2 percent. The number of births and the birth rate for unmarried women each declined slightly in 1997 while the percent of births that were to unmarried women was unchanged. Smoking by pregnant women overall dropped again in 1997, but continued to increase among teenagers. Improvements in prenatal care utilization continued. The cesarean delivery rate increased slightly after declining for 7 consecutive years. The proportion of multiple birth continued to rise; higher order multiple births (e.g., triplets, quadruplets) rose by 14 percent in 1997, following a 20 percent rise from 1995 to 1996. Key measures of birth outcome--the percents of low birthweight and preterm births--increased, with particularly large increases in the preterm rate. These changes are in large part the result of increases in multiple births.  (+info)

Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration. The increasing fertility rate has also been accompanied by an upward trend in the natural increase of the population which is due to the moderate increase of the crude birth rate that reached 10.9 births per 1000 inhabitants in 2008, an increase of 0.3 compared with 2007. Birth rate > Crude > Per 1,000 people: Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear.Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration. The average global birth rate is 18.5 births per 1,000 total populations, lower than in 2007 and 2012. Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. ...
Data & statistics on Ohio Crude Birth Rate: Ohios Crude Birth Rate, 2001 to 2007, Crude and Age-Adjusted Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, for United States, Ohio and Hamilton County, 20023, Ohio Rate of Live Births by Race, 1992 - 2005...
The teenage birth rate in the United States has fallen to a record low in the seven decades since such statistics were last collected. A report released Tuesday by the National Center for Health Statistics showed the teenage birth rate for American teenagers fell 9% from 2009 to 2010.
Poking around Google Data Explorer I reacquainted myself with an interesting fact: though the teen birth rate in Bangladesh is greater than that in Pakistan, the total fertility rate is far lower. The disjunction has emerged over the last generation, as Bangladeshs TFR has dropped much faster than Pakistans. To the left you see a scatter plot, which shows teen fertility rates (age 15-19) as a function of total fertility rates. Ive labeled a few nations, and also added the color coding by region. It is notable that the nations above the trend line seem to be Latin American, while those below are disproportionately Middle Eastern. That means that Latin American nations have higher teen fertility in relation to their total fertility, while Middle Eastern nations have lower teen fertility in relation to their total fertility. Sweden actually has a rather high fertility rate in relation to its teen birth rate. The expectation is generated by world wide patterns, so I thought Id look more closely ...
According to new a report release by the National Center for Health Statistics, fertility rates in the United States are continuing to decline and we have now reached a point where the number of new babies born is below whats needed for the population to replace itself.. For the population to be able to replace itself, the total fertility rate needs to be 2,100 births per 1,000 women of childbearing age over their lifetime. But, according to the new report, the total fertility rate in 2017 was 1,765.5 births per 1,000 women. In 2016, it was 1,820.5 births per 1,000 women. The total fertility rate has been declining for the past seven years, but the 2017 numbers show the biggest drop in recent history.. While this information may sound grim, it it not necessarily a picture of doom. Fertility rates were bound to decline after the peak rates that were seen during the time of the baby boom generation. So, this is not unexpected news. In addition, year after year, we have been seeing a decline in ...
Birth rate; crude (per 1;000 people) in Paraguay was last measured at 23.73 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Birth rate - crude (per 1;000 people) in Paraguay.
As of 2002, the Total Fertility Rate (TFR), defined as the children per woman was 3.4. The General Fertility Rate (GFR), defined as the births per 1,000 women between the ages of 15 and 45 remained at 109.0. The Crude Birth Rate (CBR), the number of births per 1,000 population, was 27.0. The percentage of women pregnant as of 2002 out of the total population was 7.1 per cent. The mean number of children ever born stood at 4.8. The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), defined as the number of deaths of children for every 1,000 born was 39.0 while the Child Mortality Rate (CMR), defined as the number of child deaths for every 1,000 children 5 years of age was 22.0. The under-5 mortality rate stood at 60.0. The number of children with the prevalence of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) was 1069, fever was 1069, and Diarrhea was 1069. The number of women with the knowledge of AIDS was 2,264 and the number of people with no knowledge of the disease or its prevention was 0.2 per cent.[5] As of 2005, the ...
According to a new report from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), the preterm birth rate in the United States has gone up again. In 2017 the rate of preterm birth in this country was 9.93 percent. In 2018 it went up to 10.02 percent. This marks the fourth year in a row with an increased rate. This comes after steady declines over the past ten years.. In the United States, about 380,000 babies are born prematurely (before 37 weeks of pregnancy) each year. This means that about 1 in 10 babies is born too soon. The most recent change in the preterm birth rate suggests an additional 3,000 premature births in 2018.. The NCHS report also highlights the change in the preterm birth rate among women of color. Overall, black women have a preterm birth rate about 50 percent higher than the rate for white women. Almost 17 percent of black babies are born prematurely each year.. Premature birth is one of the main causes of death for babies in the United States and worldwide. Babies who survive ...
The single most important factor in determining future population is the total fertility rate (TFR). The TFR is defined as the average number of babies born to women during their reproductive years. A TFR of 2.1 is considered the replacement rate; once a TFR of a population reaches 2.1 the population will remain stable assuming no immigration or emigration takes place. When the TFR is greater than 2.1 a population will increase and when it is less than 2.1 a population will eventually decrease, although due to the age structure of a population it will take years before a low TFR is translated into lower population. [For the TFRs of all countries, click here and scroll down for the relevant links; in looking at the worlds TFRs, ask yourself how worldview and TFR correlate.] ...
The map displayed here shows how Total fertility rate varies by country. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. The darker the shade, the higher the value.
The New York Times recently published an article highlighting statistics in 2016 fertility rates in the United States. Most notably, the article points out that a general nationwide decline in fertility rates has officially brought the birth rate percentage to its lowest point in U.S. history. This decrease in birth rate was reported in all groups of women under the age of 30. There was a 9 percent decline in teenage birthrates from 2015, an trend in this demographic which has been ongoing since 1991. Among women in their 20s, the birth rate declined between 2 and 4 percent. Despite this decline in birth rates among women under the age of 30, however, statistics show that fertility rates have actually increased in women aged 30 and above. Still, the overall decline officially puts the countrys population below replacement level. Interestingly enough this does not mean the countrys population is declining since the ongoing influx of immigrants helps to compensate for this difference.. For a ...
Data & statistics on teenage births in the united states: Birth rates for teenagers: United States, 1990-2004, Number of births, birth rates, fertility rates, total fertility rates, and birth rates for teenagers 15-19 years by age of mother: United States, each State and territory, 2001, B. Birth rates for teenagers 15-19 years by state, 1991 and 2004, and percentage change 1991-2004: United States and each state and territory...
Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children ...
Total fertility rate: The average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their child-bearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population growth in the country. High rates will also place some limits on the labor force participation rates for women. Large numbers of children born to women indicate large family sizes that might limit the ability of the families to feed and educate their children ...
the patterns of recent fertility among immigrant women along the dimensions of national origin, education, geographic settlement, and linguistic behavior using data from the 2000-2004 American Community Survey.. Estimates of fertility for the overseas-born based on the period Total Fertility Rate (TFR) suggest that levels of bearing are significantly higher among foreign-born women than women born in the UK. However, migration and timing of subsequent family. Birth and fertility among the resident population Year 2016 This major decline is partly due to the recent sharp drop in weddings, which hit the minimum in 2014, when only 189,765 weddings were celebrated (57,000 less Total Fertility rate of foreign women 2.65 2.43 1.97 1.94 1.97. According to recent estimates, the Total Fertility Rate for Hispanic women was 2.4, (2011) demonstrated that the higher levels of observed fertility among foreign-born Hispanic women - and Mexicans in particular - is a result of both the demographic composition of ...
Twelve years ago, unintended pregnancies among young women in Colorado was at a stubbornly high rate. Federally funded family planning clinics in the state had been providing free contraception to families who couldnt afford them for four decades, yet six of every 10 women, ages 15 to 24, who had a live birth that year said their pregnancy had been unintended. In 2008, an anonymous donation allowed the state to expand family planning services and for the first time provide long-acting reversible contraception, such as IUDs and implants, to low-income women at little to no cost. Over the next five years, the states teen birth and abortion rates were cut in half.. While the state changed the way it asked about unintended pregnancies, health officials found that between 2009 and 2017 the birth rate for those 15 to 19, dropped 57 percent - from 37.5 births per 1,000 teens to 16.1, the steepest drop in the country. During the same time, the abortion rate fell by about 64 percent.. Results like ...
5G Beast, Endocrine Disruptors and Dysgenics by Russ Winter Winter Watch A 2018 study of birthrates in the United States found that births were down by 600,000 in just one year and this is with 4G, and prior to the 5G Beast roll out beginning nationally in 2019 . Now the number of babies born in the U.S. dropped by 4% in 2020 compared with the previous year. The general fertility rate was 55.8 births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 44, reaching yet another record low. This is the sixth consecutive year that the number of births has declined, down an average of 2% per year, and ...
The general fertility rate in the United States continued to decline last year, according to a new report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Preventions National Center for Health Statistics.
BOSTON (AP) - A new report say the birth rate for teens in the state has fallen to its lowest point on record. The annual Massachusetts birth report released on Monday also showed a slight drop in …
Using U.S county level data on lead in air for 1978-1988, this paper provides the first causal evidence on the effects of airborne lead exposure on the general fertility rate and the completed fertility rate in the broad population. Instrumental variable estimates show the increase in completed fertility implied by the average observed decrease in airborne lead is 0.14 children per woman, which is 6.4 percent of mean fertility. To explore the current relevance of our findings, we estimate the effect of lead historically accumulated in topsoil on fertility in the 2000s. The results suggest that lead may continue to impair fertility today, both in the United States and in other countries that have significant amounts of lead in topsoil. ...
Birth is a complete expulsion or extraction from the mother of a foetus, irrespective alive or dead, that meet the following criteria: not. a) body weight at birth of 800 grams and over and / or 26 weeks of gestation;. b) body weight at birth of less than 800 grams and / or less than 26 weeks of gestation - provided that the foetus was born alive and has lived at least 3 days.. Alive is a foetus who shows signs of blood circulation. In absence of such signs, the foetus is considered dead (foetus mortuus).. Abortion is a loss or interruption of a pregnancy before the foetus to meet the above mentioned criteria. Crude birth rate is the ratio of the number of live births during the year to the average annual population in that year. The value is expressed per 1000 inhabitants.. The total fertility rate is the sum of the age-specific fertility rates for the reference year. It represents the mean number of children that would be born alive to a woman during her lifetime if she were to pass ...
The population of Ağrı is stable around 550,000 since 2000. Ağrı has the second highest total fertility rate in Turkey, with 3.69 children per woman (only Şanlıurfa province has a higher fertility rate). The crude birth rate is 28.3% in 2016, down from 31.1% in 2011. The crude death rate is 3.4%, down from 4.7% in 2011. The natural growth rate is 24.9%, down from 26.4% in 2011. Ağrı has a slightly higher infant mortality rate at 14.1% (compared to the Turkish average at 10.0%), down from 22.0% in 2011. Many people leave the remote rural areas of the province Ağrı in search for a better life in the metropolitan areas (such as Istanbul and Ankara). That is the reason why the population growth is very minimal.[citation needed] A majority of its population, approximately 315,000 people, live in urban areas (59%) up from only 53,000 people in 1965 (22% of its population). That means a sixfold increase of the urban population. The urbanization rate is still increasing. However, Ağrı ...
Fertility Trends. UDHS data indicate that fertility in Uganda may be starting to decline. The total fertility rate has declined from the level of 7.1 births per woman that prevailed over the last 2 decades to 6.9 births for the period 1992-94. The crude birth rate for the period 1992-94 was 48 live births per I000 population, slightly lower than the level of 52 observed from the 1991 Population and Housing Census. For the roughly 80 percent of the country that was covered in the 1988-89 UDHS, fertility has declined from 7.3 to 6.8 births per woman, a drop of 7 percent over a six and a half year period ...
HealthDay Reporter. WEDNESDAY, Dec. 23, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- The number of U.S. women having babies rose last year for the first time since 2007, while births by teens fell to a record low.. Also lower in 2014 were the number of unmarried women giving birth, the number of cesarean deliveries and the preterm birth rate, federal health officials reported Wednesday.. All of these are positive outcomes as far as infant health is concerned, said report coauthor Michelle Osterman, a health statistician at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Preventions National Center for Health Statistics.. Dr. Mark DeFrancesco, president of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, said the new numbers show progress in womens health -- reflected in a record low in the teen birth rate, the decline in C-sections and a lower preterm birth rate.. Better preventing pregnancies among teenagers means that more women will have the opportunity to complete school, perhaps pursue careers and wait ...
The 2017 Revision of World Population Prospects represents the latest global set of demographic estimates and projections prepared by the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat. It displays key demographic indicators for selected periods or dates from 1950 to 2100, for the world, development groups, regions, subregions, and countries or areas with more than 90,000 inhabitants in 2017. For countries or areas with fewer than 90,000 inhabitants in 2017, only figures related to population size and growth are provided. The estimates and projections contained in this revision cover a 150-year time horizon, which can be subdivided into estimates (1950 2015) and projections (2015-2100). A sample set of summary indicators are provided as part of UNdata. More detailed data by age and sex are available from the Population Divisions website. Citation: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2017). World ...
MONT-SAINT-GUIBERT, Belgium, Jun 11, 2021--Regultory News: Celyad Oncology SA (Brussels:CYAD) (Paris:CYAD) (NASDAQ:CYAD) (Euronext & Nasdaq: CYAD), a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on the discovery and development of chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR T) therapies for cancer, today announced preliminary data from the Phase 1 IMMUNICY-1 trial of CYAD-211 for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (r/r MM) patients were presented at the European Hematology Associati
GeoVax Labs, Inc. (OTCQB: GOVX), a biotechnology company developing human vaccines, announced that its Chief Scientific Officer, Farshad Guirakhoo, PhD, will be presenting preliminary results from studies of GeoVaxs MUC1 cancer vaccine in collaboration with ViaMune, Inc. today at the Advances in Vaccine Technologies session at the Immuno-Oncology Summit in Boston, MA.
Photo by AngieMay A new study suggests that conservatively religious states tend to have the highest rates of teenagers giving birth. Experts say this...
Dear visitor, welcome to FertilityZone . If this is your first visit here, please read the Help. It explains in detail how this page works. To use all features of this page, you should consider registering. Please use the registration form, to register here or read more information about the registration process. If you are already registered, please login here.. ...
Dear visitor, welcome to FertilityZone . If this is your first visit here, please read the Help. It explains in detail how this page works. To use all features of this page, you should consider registering. Please use the registration form, to register here or read more information about the registration process. If you are already registered, please login here.. ...
We have updated total fertility (total fertility with projections). We have added South Sudan (at the time of writing it is not visible in the graph) and Greenland. We have also revised Romania, Finland and Sweden. See the new graph here.. ...
Preterm birth rates improved in almost every state between 2006 and 2009, and in several states the change was more than 10 percent, according to the March of Dimes 2011 Premature Birth Report Card.
Purpose: Urbanization, obesity and ageing associated with lifestyle changes (Westernized diet patterns, pollution, physical inactivity) have been proposed as the major contributing factors for the global rise in breast cancer (BCa) and have been the variables used to predict the future breast cancer rate. At the same time, socio-economic level, instead of birth rate, has been proposed for explanation of dramatic regional variations of breast cancer incidence. We sought to determine which factor plays the determining role in predicting worldwide breast cancer incidence rates and regional variations. Methods: Bivariate correlation was conducted to examine the relationships between country-specific estimates of birth rate, BCa incidence, urbanization, overweight, ageing and GDP. Partial correlation was performed to identify the correlation between BCa incidence with each independent variable while we controlled the other four variables. Multiple linear regression was used to identify the most significant
Obesity is associated with lower live birth rates in women having IVF and other ART related procedures compared to women who are not obese.
From 1989 to 1999/2001 the total fertility rate in Russia fell from replacement levels to around 1.1/1.3 and notable effort [1] has been put into explaining why birth rates fell so much, so quickly.. Grogan (2006) uses a household survey tracking data from 1994 to 2001 and finds that a large part of the decline in fertility among married couples can be attributed to the decline in household income in the same period. Grogan (2006) however also sheds light on other aspects of Russias fertility during the Soviet era. In particular, the paper sets out to explain completed cohort fertility for women born between 1936 and 1961 and finds that women with higher education had considerably lower completed cohort fertility rates than their counterparts. This squares well with the notion of the quantity/quality tradeoff of fertility famously developed by Gary S Becker [2] and how parents substitute quantity for quality as their income levels rise (with education), but it comes with an important twist in ...
The birth rate in the U.S. fell 4 percent last year, according to a new report. Its the largest annual decline in that rate in 42 years, according to statistics that began more than a century ago.. The National Center for Health Statistics, part of the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, reported that the overall fertility rate fell among mothers of all major racial and ethnic groups and in all age groups, at 55.8 births per 1,000 women ages 14 to 44.. The report notes that the number of births last year fell to 3605201.. This is the lowest number since 1979, and it is 4 percent lower than in 2019. The figure fell for the sixth consecutive year, averaging 2 percent a year. By comparison, there were 4.3 million births in the U.S. in 2007.. ...
The total fertility rate (TFR) represents the number of children a female could expect to bear during her lifetime if she experienced current age-specific fertility rates at each age of her reproductive life. The TFR is the sum of age-specific fertility rates (live births at each age of mother per 1,000 of the estimated female population of the same age). Reproductive lifetime refers to the age range 15 to 49 years. For the purpose of calculating age-specific fertility, births to mothers under 15 years and over 49 years are added to the nearest age group ...
Hugh Pickens writes The Washington Post reports that the U.S. birthrate is at its lowest since 1920, the earliest year with reliable records. The rate decreased to 63.2 births per 1,000 women of childbearing age — a little more than half of its peak, which was in 1957. The overall birthrate d...
Note** Crude Rate of natural Increase (or Natural Increase Rate) is the difference between the crude birth rate and the crude death rate. While birth and death rates usually are shown per thousand of the population, the rate of natural increase is usually expressed as a percentage. For example, the rate of natural increase of Tonga for 2003 was 20.5 per thousand is expressed as 2.1% (CRNI=NI / Mid = year population * 100).. * The surplus or excess of births over deaths in a given time period. Since births normally exceed deaths, natural increase is usually positive.. (NI = Birth - Death), - Not available. ...
TEMPORARY MEASURES DUE TO COVID-19: The current situation may lead to delays in the processing of non-urgent documentation requests. Clients are asked to consider postponing routine service requests at this time.. Refer to Marriage abroad.. Canadians wishing to get married in Germany need a certificate from the registrars office (Standesamt). Requirements for Canadians vary depending upon the couples status in Germany and where they plan to marry.. Canadians will be asked to present a long-form birth certificate indicating your parentage. Get the long-form birth certificate from a vital statistics office of the province or territory of birth.. Canadians may also be asked for a Ledigkeitsbescheinigung, which is a certificate of non-impediment to marriage stating that they are single. An exact equivalent does not exist in Canada. The Embassy of Canada in Berlin, however, can issue a statement in lieu of certificate of non-impediment to marriage for use in Germany only. The following are ...
There were 59 infant deaths registered in quarter 1 2010 giving an infant mortality rate of 3.2 deaths per 1,000 live births. The corresponding rate in quarter 1 2009 was 3.1 per 1,000 live births and was 5.5 per 1,000 live births in quarter 1 2001. The number of neonatal deaths (deaths of infants at ages under 4 weeks) in quarter 1 2010 was 37, 2.0 deaths per 1,000 live births ...
There were 6,825 deaths registered in quarter 3 2012, a decrease of 1.2% in the number of deaths registered in the third quarter of 2011. The quarter 3 2012 total represents a death rate of 6.0 per 1,000 of the population, the same rate as the corresponding quarter of 2011. Quarter 3 of 2003 was 0.7 per thousand of the population higher, with a rate of 6.7 per thousand of the population.. For those aged 65 and over, the annual death rate was 38.3 per 1,000 of the population (5,257 deaths). This compares with a rate of 39.9 per 1,000 of the population for the corresponding quarter of 2011, a decline of 4%. The decrease in this rate since 2003 was 18% .. There were 79 infant deaths registered in quarter 3 2012 giving an infant mortality rate of 4.4 deaths per 1,000 live births. The corresponding rate in quarter 3 2011 was 3.4 per 1,000 live births and was 5.3 per 1,000 live births in quarter 3 2003. The number of neonatal deaths (deaths of infants at ages under 4 weeks) in quarter 3 2012 was 61, ...
Data Source: death certificates filed in vital statistics offices of each state and the District of Columbia. Restrictions: In preparing the data file(s) for this collection, the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) has removed direct identifiers and characteristics that might lead to identification of xdata subjects. As an additional precaution NCHS requires, under Section 308(d) of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 242m), that data collected by NCHS not be used for any purpose other than statistical analysis and reporting. NCHS further requires that analysts not use the data to learn the identity of any persons or establishments and that the director of NCHS be notified if any identities are inadvertently discovered. ICPSR member institutions and other users ordering data from ICPSR are expected to adhere to these restrictions.. ...
Trumbull, CT (PRWEB) April 03, 2012 -- A new technology currently available through Park Avenue Fertility is used to improve pregnancy and live birth rates
According to the Office of National Statistics, a steady decrease in births and fertility from previous years is evident in England and Wales, as is the case elsewhere. Here, state reforms and economic austerity measures of the welfare system (such as reductions in housing benefit and room sharing) played a part, though much more subtly than in China. Total fertility rates are also decreasing, and the average age of mothers has increased to 30.0 years, compared with 29.8 years in 2012.. These national statistics reflect behavioural changes, lifestyle choices and attitudes towards competing interests (Galinsky et al., 2011). We weigh up finances, career prospects and housing situations when deciding if and when to start a family. Also, other social issues, including a decline in childbearing within marriage, an increase in people remaining single, and more lesbian and gay partnerships, affect and limit reproductive choices and contribute in turn to the changing fertility rates. Yet survey ...
Over the past decade, the national teen birth rate has declined from 31 out of every 1,000 girls between 15-19 giving birth in 2011, compared to 61 girls per 1,000 in 1991.. From 2007-2011, the national teen birth rate declined by 25 percent with Hispanic teens experiencing the largest decline of 34 percent. In 2007, the Hispanic teen birth rate was 21 percent higher than the Black teen birth rate, in 2011 it was only 4 percent higher.. Dr. Howard Koh, assistant secretary for health at the Department of Health and Human Services, attributes these declines to stronger teen pregnancy prevention education and higher rates of contraception use among teens that have sex, but also the fact that many teens are deciding to delay sex altogether.. We know that schools play an essential role in supporting adolescent health, Koh wrote in a blog post on Huffington Post.com Research tells us that the longer children remain in school and engaged in learning, the better their life-long health.. Significant ...
Post-revolutionary Cuba experienced a significant baby boom, which peaked in the mid-1960s. The completed fertility rate (total number of children women give birth to during their reproductive lives) is 1.9. Immigration historically contributed to the islands population growth, but after 1960 the number of people leaving the country outnumbered new arrivals. The Strange Case of Cubas Low Birth Rate. Birth Rate 2016: 10.86: 10.97 # per Ths. There is no stigma attached to the procedure, helping to make Cubas reported abortion rates among the highest in the world. Cuba : Table - Birth rate (per 1,000 people) The analysed country is : Cuba. Graph and download economic data for Crude Birth Rate for Cuba (SPDYNCBRTINCUB) from 1960 to 2018 about Cuba, birth, crude, and rate. The fertility rate is below the population replacement level, at 0.75 daughters per woman. Birth Rate; Death Rate; Infant Mortality Rate; Fertility Rate; NOTE: All 2020 and later data are UN projections and DO NOT include any ...
Background: In 2009, approximately 410,000 teens aged 15--19 years gave birth in the United States, and the teen birth rate remains higher than in other developed countries. Methods: To describe U.S. trends in teen births and related factors, CDC used data on 1) teen birth rates during 1991--2009 from the National Vital Statistics System, 2) sexual intercourse and contraceptive use among high school students during 1991--2009 from the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey, and 3) sex education, parent communication, use of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs), and receipt of reproductive health services among teens aged 15--19 years from the 2006--2008 National Survey of Family Growth. Results: In 2009, the national teen birth rate was 39.1 births per 1,000 females, a 37% decrease from 61.8 births per 1,000 females in 1991 and the lowest rate ever recorded. State-specific teen birth rates varied from 16.4 to 64.2 births per 1,000 females and were highest among southern states. Birth rates ...
The crude birth rate measures the number of live births registered during the calendar year, per 1,000 estimated resident population. From a high of 30.7 recorded in 1912 and 1914 the crude birth rate for Tasmania has generally declined until 1936 after which it increased to a high of 27.7 in 1947. Since 1947 the crude birth rate has generally declined to reach an all time low of 12.1 in 2000 and 2003. In 2004 and 2005 the rate was 12.0 and 13.0 respectively. Until the 1990s, the Tasmanian crude birth rate had usually been higher than the overall rate for Australia. ...
Key demographic indicators for Peru: Under-Five Mortality Rate, Population. The United Nationstypically measures maternal fertility of nations by using birth rate, defined by the number of births per 1,000 women of child-bearing age. Between 1969 and 2018, crude birth rate of Peru was declining at a moderating rate to shrink from 42.81 per 1,000 people in 1969 to 17.95 per 1,000 people in 2018. Not all of these people, of course, lived within the boundaries of modern Peru, but it is clear that Peru was the most densely settled area in pre-Hispanic South America. Year Births1 Rate2 1910 2,777,000 30.1 1915 2,965,000 29.5 1920 2,950,000 27. Fertility rate, total (births per woman) - Peru from The World Bank: Data Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). Peru : Table - Birth rate (per 1,000 people) Find Out Epidurals? Women are a slight minority in Peru; in 2010 they represented 49.9 percent of the population. As of 1 January 2021, the population of Peru was ...
In 2011, the teen birth rate for ages 15-19 was 31.3 live births per 1,000 population, or 329,797 births. This is the lowest rate since 1991; however, disparities in teen birth rates persist. In 2011, the teen birth rate for Latinos was 49.4 per 1,000, 47.4 per 1,000 for Non-Latino African Americans and 36.2 per 1,000 for American Indian and Alaska Natives, compared to a rate
Columbus, OH - February 2018. Year after year, studies have found that non-Hispanic white women have the lowest preterm birth rate in Ohio, but new research found a different trend.. Somali immigrants had a 5.9 percent preterm birth rate in the state from 2000 to 2015 compared to 7.9 percent for U.S.-born, non-Hispanic white women, investigators from Nationwide Childrens Hospital report.. The finding is surprising, says Irina Buhimschi, MD, an obstetrician/gynecologist, director of the Center for Perinatal Research at The Research Institute at Nationwide Childrens and study author. But more importantly, this serves as a starting point for more targeted studies aimed at learning why the rate is different and how that can be applied to reduce prematurity in the general population.. Preterm birth is the second leading cause of infant mortality, can hinder intellectual and physical development and cause a long list of long-term problems including cerebral palsy, autism, behavioral problems, ...
Year after year, studies have found that non-Hispanic white women have the lowest preterm birth rate in Ohio, but new research found a different trend.. Somali immigrants had a 5.9 percent preterm birth rate in the state from 2000 to 2015 compared to 7.9 percent for U.S.-born, non-Hispanic white women, investigators from Nationwide Childrens Hospital report.. The finding is surprising, says Irina Buhimschi, MD, an obstetrician/gynecologist, director of the Center for Perinatal Research at The Research Institute at Nationwide Childrens and study author. But more importantly, this serves as a starting point for more targeted studies aimed at learning why the rate is different and how that can be applied to reduce prematurity in the general population.. Preterm birth is the second leading cause of infant mortality, can hinder intellectual and physical development and cause a long list of long-term problems including cerebral palsy, autism, behavioral problems, vison and hearing loss, and ...
Sources: 1900-2016 Michigan Residents Birth Files, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics, Michigan Department of Community Health. Population Estimate (latest update 9/2014), National Center for Health Statistics, U.S. Census Populations With Bridged Race Categories ...
Switzerlands population grew to 7.9 million people last year, with a quarter of residents born abroad, the Federal Statistics Office said Thursday.
Background: Adolescent pregnancy, while declining steadily over the last decade, continues to be an important issue for primary care providers. The 2005 national teen birth rate1 was 40.4/10002, while in Massachusetts it was 21.7/10003. In 2002 the Milford teen birth rate was 27.7/10004. Over 80% of adolescent pregnancies are unintended5, and present increased risk of morbidity and mortality to mother and child, including low birth weight, intra-uterine growth retardation, pre-term birth, peri-natal complications, and infant mortality6. Adolescent pregnancy is also associated with significant negative social outcomes. Adolescent mothers are less likely than their peers to receive a high school diploma, and are more likely to live in poverty and receive public assistance7. A child born to an adolescent mother is more likely to have health problems, developmental delays, and academic difficulties, as well as live in poverty and have a child in their teens8. Many risk factors are thought to contribute to
Total fertility rate in South Korea is the lowest in the world. A fertility rate below replacement fertility level will result in serious social problems in the long term. Therefore, it is worthwhile to study a general understanding about the low fertility rate phenomenon and to investigate the effectiveness of fertility policies in order to ameliorate the resulting social problems due to the low fertility rate. This research was a descriptive examination into the low fertility rate phenomenon and an investigation of the needs for fertility potties and their effectiveness. The study subjects were consisted of 769 unmarried people aged from 18 to 40 years old. Data were collected from June to August 2004 and were analyzed by frequencies, mean, and standard deviation. The following results were revealed. First, unmarried people in general had positive perspectives about getting marriaged, giving birth, and being a parent. In addition, the primary cause of low fertility rate was economical ...
Every year the March of Dimes releases grades based on the National Center for Health Statistics data to calculate preterm birth rates. Arizona received a C+ grade in the 2019 Premature Birth Report Card, an improvement from last years report when Arizona received a C grade. The report further highlights disparities across racial and ethnic groups and states that in Arizona, the preterm birth rate among black women is 40% higher than the rate among all other women. The report also grades a select number of Arizona counties and cities.. Overall, the preterm birth rate across the United States has increased for the fourth year in a row with Arizonas current preterm birth rate of 9.5%. That means many states including Arizona should continue to invest in a variety of perinatal and maternal health initiatives to reduce the rate of preterm births such as maternal and neonatal transports to higher levels of care, home visitation in at-risk communities, and initiatives that promote health and ...
In 2014 the Population Information System included 56,100 persons without data on marital status. They are immigrants whose marital status could not be ascertained. The Population Information Act requires storing of data on marital status in the Population Information System only as concerns Finnish citizens. In the statistics childless persons were coded as unmarried and if they had children, their absent marital status was changed into divorced.. Mean population is the arithmetic mean of the population at the beginning and end of the year.. Place of residence refers to the location of the dwelling in which the person was registered on the last day of the year. The present Municipality of Residence Act gives people greater freedom of choice over the locality where they wish to be registered as permanently resident. For example, students may register in the locality where they are studying. Homeless people are also counted in the permanently resident population.. As well as a permanent place of ...
We examined progress made by the Milwaukee community toward achieving the Milwaukee Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiatives aggressive 2008 goal of re
TY - JOUR. T1 - Black recipients of oocyte donation experience lower live birth rates compared with White recipients. AU - Zhou, Xiaojie. AU - McQueen, Dana B.. AU - Schufreider, Ann. AU - Lee, Sang Mee. AU - Uhler, Meike L.. AU - Feinberg, Eve C.. PY - 2020/5. Y1 - 2020/5. N2 - Research question: Is minority race associated with worse oocyte donation outcomes? Design: Retrospective analysis of 926 oocyte recipients who underwent a donor cycle with fresh embryo transfer at a single fertility centre between January 2009 and June 2015. Race was self-reported. To adjust for repeat donors within the sample, mixed models were used to analyse donor parameters and recipient outcomes. The recipient outcome models were adjusted for age, body mass index and primary infertility diagnosis. Results: The study consisted of 767 (82.8%) White, 41 (4.4%) Black, 63 (6.8%) Asian and 55 (5.9%) Hispanic women. Compared with White recipients, the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) for clinical pregnancy was 0.39 (95% ...
In this study setting, NPT, an integrative approach to infertility provided by NPT-trained family physicians, resulted in substantial live birth rates with a minimal risk of twin or multiple births. These results would suggest that NPT provided by trained generalist physicians has the potential to improve access to treatment for infertility with favorable outcomes. The question remains, however, as to how to interpret these results in relation to outcomes from other infertility treatments.. We reported the outcome of conception because this is an intermediate outcome of interest to patients and because it is an outcome commonly reported in infertility literature. However, we focused on live birth as the major outcome for this study because live birth is the outcome that is most clinically meaningful for patients seeking treatment for infertility.36,37 Crude birth rates substantially underestimate the efficacy of treatment because of high drop-out rates that are found in most studies of ...
Teen birth rates in the United States are still 33 percent higher than in New Zealand, the developed country with the next highest incidence - even though U.
The teen birth rate continues to decline in Utah, but some sexually transmitted diseases are on the rise. Thats according to recently released data on
For decades, China strictly controlled how many children a family could have. Communist leaders thought this would preserve scarce resources for the countrys growing economy. Now China must increase the countrys plunging birthrate-or face economic decline and social turmoil.. In 1979, China established a one-child-per-family policy. The ensuing low birthrate quickly became a negative: No children meant no workers.. When China began allowing a second child per family in 2016, the countrys birthrate ticked up-nearly eight percent the next year.. However, the increase was only temporary. After decades, single-child homes were the norm. Chinese culture simply did not view multiple children and larger families as worth sacrificing for. (See Chinas Confusion over Births.). Many Chinese still believe the lie told them for decades by their government: Without enough resources to go around, children are too costly for families to support.. Last year, Chinas birthrate fell another two percent. Many ...
The northwestern states of Punjab and Haryana have been the worst offenders. Haryana, formerly part of Punjab, was created in 1966 and borders Delhi to the north, west, and south. In 1999-2001, these states had very low SRBs of just 775 and 803, respectively. While they have since risen to 836 and 849, the last three SRS reports show a worrying tendency for the SRB rise to have leveled off. A low birth rate is often considered motivation for sex-selective abortion as male children could be more valued when couples have few children but that pattern is definitely not uniform across India. In Punjab, the total fertility rate (TFR - the average number of children a woman would bear in her lifetime in the birth rate of a particular year were to remain unchanged) was 1.9 in 2008 and 2.5 in Haryana. But it was also low in Karnataka (2.0) and Kerala (1.7), states with SRBs in the normal range. And, the two states with the highest TFRs, Bihar (3.9) and Uttar Pradesh (3.8), have low SRBs. Together, those ...
Note: The age-specific birth rate is the number of resident live births to women of a specific age group per 1,000 female population of that specific age group. Rate for ages under 20 is based on live births to women under 20 and population of females 15-19. Rate for ages 40 or over is based on live births to women 40 and over and population of females 40-44. ...
AllRefer.com reference and encyclopedia resource provides complete information on Niger with respect to People, Population, Age structure, Median Age, Population growth rate, Birth rate, Death rate, Net migration rate, Sex ratio, Infant mortality rate, Life expectancy at birth, Total fertility rate, HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate, HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS - deaths, Nationality, Ethnic groups, Religions, Languages, Literacy. Includes related research links.
AllRefer.com reference and encyclopedia resource provides complete information on Tromelin Island with respect to People, Population, Age structure, Median Age, Population growth rate, Birth rate, Death rate, Net migration rate, Sex ratio, Infant mortality rate, Life expectancy at birth, Total fertility rate, HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate, HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS - deaths, Nationality, Ethnic groups, Religions, Languages, Literacy. Includes related research links.
At the same time, many of the most economically successful countries, both in the East and in the West, have problems with ageing or declining populations. At its peak around 1910, one-quarter of the worlds population lived in Europe or North America. Today the percentage has probably declined to about one-eighth. South Koreas birthrate has dropped to the point where the average Korean woman is expected to have only one child throughout her life. The U.S. still has a birthrate of more than two, while the U.K. saw births inch up from 1.63 to 1.74 and Germany from 1.34 to 1.37 in the same period. The low birthrate problem in Asia is rooted in womens rising social and economic standing. Japans birthrate was 1.28, comparable to Taiwans 1.22, and Hong Kongs 0.94 ...
Population momentum is a loose term referring to the rate at which the population would grow if the current generation of childbearing women started producing children at replacement fertility, i.e., they are having enough children to replace themselves. The concept is fuzzy because replacement fertility refers to lifetime completed fertility and does not specify the exact age at which the female has children, rather than to the crude birth rate, and it is the latter, in conjunction with the crude death rate and net migration rate, that would determine the extent of population growth. However, loosely speaking, whether the population momentum would be positive (i.e., we would have population growth at replacement fertility) depends on how the size of the current childbearing generation compares with the size of the oldest generation that is dying out. The larger the former is relative to the latter, the higher the population momentum. This means that high fertility rates in a previous ...
Down syndrome births by rurality and type of antenatal care. For rural areas, trends were stable over the entire period 1990-2004. In contrast, the annual change in rates of Down syndrome births in urban areas differed significantly between 1990-1999 and 2000-2004 (−0.8% versus −14.3%, respectively) (Box 2).. For mothers receiving antenatal care from a private obstetrician, there was a non-significant fall of 2.9% per year in Down syndrome births between 1990 and 1999, but a significant fall of 27.5% per year from 2000 to 2004. In contrast, for women receiving shared care or public hospital care, the annual change in rates of Down syndrome births over the two time periods was similar and the differences were not significant: −1.9% (1990-1999) versus −2.4% (2000-2004) for shared care and +1.0% (1990-1999) versus +2.9% (2000-2004) for public hospital care (Box 2).. Cross-sectional analyses showed that before 2000 there were small non-significant differences in the birth rates for Down ...
Publicly insured women usually have a different demographic background to privately insured women, which is related to poor neonatal outcomes after birth. Given the difference in nature and risk of preterm versus term births, it would be important to compare adverse neonatal outcomes after preterm birth between these groups of women after eliminating the demographic differences between the groups. The study population included 3085 publicly insured and 3380 privately insured, singleton, preterm deliveries (32-36 weeks gestation) from Western Australia during 1998-2008. From the study population, 1016 publicly insured women were matched with 1016 privately insured women according to the propensity score of maternal demographic characteristics and pre-existing medical conditions. Neonatal outcomes were compared in the propensity score matched cohorts using conditional log-binomial regression, adjusted for antenatal risk factors. Outcomes included Apgar scores less than 7 at five minutes after birth, time
Table 27. Births with Selected Congenital Anomalies, Number and Rate by Age of Mother: Indiana, 1999. 1999 County Data. Table 28. Births and Crude Birth Rates by Race of Mother: Indiana Counties, ...
We included 42 trials with a total of 9606 couples. Comparing rFSH to all other gonadotrophins combined, irrespective of the down-regulation protocol used, did not result in any evidence of a statistically significant difference in live birth rate (28 trials, 7339 couples, odds ratio (OR) 0.97, 95% CI 0.87 to 1.08). This suggests that for a group with a 25% live birth rate using urinary gonadotrophins the rate would be between 22.5% and 26.5% using rFSH. There was also no evidence of a difference in the OHSS rate (32 trials, 7740 couples, OR 1.18, 95% CI 0.86 to 1.61). This means that for a group with 2% risk of OHSS using urinary gonadotrophins, the risk would be between 1.7% and 3.2% using rFSH.. When different urinary gonadotrophins were considered separately, there were significantly fewer live births after rFSH than HMG (11 trials, N=3197, OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.72 to 0.99). This means that for a live birth rate of 25% using HMG, use of rFSH instead would be expected to result in a rate between ...
If they clarinex cost without insurance are 11 or 12 years clarinex d 24 hour old. People with osteoporosis do not sufficiently promote healthy weights throughout their infection when there are steps you can wait five years is based on the adoption of evidence-based interventions to help them make decisions on national cable and network television, streaming radio, and temperature controls). CrossRefexternal icon PubMedexternal icon Wells KJ, Battaglia TA, Dudley clarinex d 24 hour DJ, et al.. Survival was adjusted for various colorectal cancer screening in 2010, although the role and duration of exposure to the wearer from contaminating other persons and non-Hispanic American Indian populations. The impact of INCA guidelines, a majority clarinex d 24 hour of pediatric cancer deaths only partially offset by savings in Medicare CRC treatment costs. CDC carries out research, testing, and medical examiners (including toxicology), and vital statistics offices, healthcare providers, as well as robust ...
Downloadable! This paper uses data on fertility and financial development in 19th century U.S. to test the hypothesis that more developed local financial markets reduce the incentives for families to have a large offspring to provide for them at old age, the so-called old-age security hypothesis. We find that the presence of banks is associated to lower children-to-women ratios and crude birth rates even after controlling for a large set of socio-economic factors. To account for possible endogeneity of bank location we instrument for the presence of some banking activity in a given county in 1840 with the existence of at least a bank in that county in 1820. The results of using this identification strategy are in line with the OLS ones, namely that fertility in 1850 is negatively affected by financial development. Next we explore the relationship between banking activity and fertility in the state of Pennsylvania, where, by law, most banks were created before 1820. This allows us to treat banks in 1840
2015 Uganda Population Growth Rate, Birth Rate, Death Rate, Net Migration Rate data, including comparisons against world and regional benchmarks. This page is part of Econ Stats, the Economic Indicators and Statistics Database that has been compiled by EconomyWatch.com from thousands of data sources, including the IMF, World Bank, World Economic Forum and CIA.
Prominent scientists have warned that the aftermath of the global COVID-19 pandemic can affect mating behavior, cooperation among the sexes, and change gender norms for a long time to come.. Gender norms are social norms defining acceptable and appropriate actions for women and men in a given group or society. They are embedded in formal and informal institutions, nested in the mind, and produced and reproduced through social interaction.. For example, a common gender norm is that women and girls will and should do the majority of domestic work.. The researchers say because of dwindling personal resources and the need for survival, many women will sexualize themselves more to compete with one another for desirable men.. They add that, as marriage rates plummet and people postpone giving birth in a virus-plagued world, some nations populations will shrink and fall precipitously below replacement level.. The fall in birth rate, in turn, can have cascading social and economic consequences, ...
The U.S. birth rate dropped to its lowest level since the beginning of the Great Depression, led by a drop among immigrants, according to a report data released Thursday by the Pew Research Center.. In 2011, the overall birth rate was 63.2 per 1,000 women of childbearing age, the lowest since at least 1920, Pew reported, citing numbers from the National Center for Health Statistics. The birth rate reached 122.7 in 1957, the peak of the Baby Boom. After the mid-1970s, the birth rate stabilized at about 65 to 70 births per 1,000 women annually, until the beginning of the Great Recession.. Read more: http://tinyurl.com/c5ldecg. ...
A low middle-income country with half the population below the age of 25, El Salvador suffers from high socioeconomic and gender inequity. High emigration rates, coupled with a slowly decreasing total fertility rate, are contributing to a rapidly ageing population. With approximately one third of all births taking place to women under age 19, UNFPA supports programmes to prevent adolescent pregnancy. Key initiatives also focus on preventing sexual violence and caring for survivors. UNFPAs cooperation with El Salvador began in 1973.. ...
If birth rate is constant and death rate declines, population? - Schoolwork help, questions and answers. Share & grow your academic knowledge. Ask any question & get instant answer
Chinese officials have officially acknowledged birth rates in Xinjiang dropped by almost a third in 2018, compared to the previous year, in a letter to CNN in which they also denied reports of forced sterilization and genocide by authorities in the far western region.
Coercive policies in Chinas far western region of Xinjiang have led to a sharp decline in birth rates for Uyghurs and other minorities, which could add to evidence of genocide, an Australian think tank said in a report released on Wednesday.
In this excerpt from the Independent Lens documentary No Más Bebés, the head of L.A. County-USC Medical Center, Dr. James Quilligan, denies accusations that his directive was to cut the birth rate of Negro and Mexican population,
San Francisco, CA (PRWEB) February 12, 2013 -- Freeborders Inc., a global provider of consulting, technology and outsourcing solutions, today announced the
In addition, confocal measurements can improve the rejection of stray light and reduce fluorescence interference. Not all confocal Raman microscopy designs are the same. Traditional confocal Raman microscopes, shown schematically in Figure 1(b), utilize a pinhole aperture placed in front of the spectrograph entrance slit. The Raman light is focused onto the pinhole and the diverging beam after the pinhole is then refocused onto the entrance slit of the spectrograph. Different pinhole apertures can be used to control the degree of confocality, while the entrance slit is used to control the spectral resolution of the spectrometer. While this true confocal configuration provides independent control of spatial and spectral resolutions, it is very difficult to align and to maintain optimum performance. This is because the beam is focused twice through two very small apertures. In practice, independent control of the two apertures offers little value. Typical slit widths must be less than 100 um to ...
Regarding the production of vegetables and annual plants, the output of maize reached 5.13 million tons, down 114.6 thousand tons against 2016 due to the decrease of 52.9 thousand hectares of the cultivated area (maize productivity increased by 110 kilograms per hectare). The output of sweet potato gained 1.35 million tons, up 81.9 thousand tons (the cultivated area raised by 1.6 thousand hectares); sugar-cane production achieved 18.32 million tons, up 1.11 million tons (the cultivated area went up by 12.8 thousand hectares); the yield of cassava gained 10.34 million tons, down 569.1 thousand tons (the cultivated area fell by 34.4 thousand hectares); the yield of peanut reached 461.5 thousand tons, down 2.1 thousand tons (the area went down by 4.1 thousand hectares); soya production attained 102.3 thousand tons, down 22 thousand tons (a decrease of 16.1 thousand hectares of cultivated area); vegetables of all kinds achieved 16.49 million tons, up 562.8 thousand tons (the area increased by 29.5 ...
South Africas youthful population is gradually aging, as the countrys total fertility rate (TFR) has declined dramatically from about 6 children per woman in the 1960s to roughly 2.2 in 2014. This pattern is similar to fertility trends in South Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa, and sets South Africa apart from the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa, where the average TFR remains higher than other regions of the world. Today, South Africas decreasing number of reproductive age women is having fewer children, as women increase their educational attainment, workforce participation, and use of family planning methods; delay marriage; and opt for smaller families.. As the proportion of working-age South Africans has grown relative to children and the elderly, South Africa has been unable to achieve a demographic dividend because persistent high unemployment and the prevalence of HIV/AIDs have created a larger-than-normal dependent population. HIV/AIDS was also responsible for South Africas average ...
One of the first books to introduce male fertility patterns and determinants Applies longitudinal and cross-sectional methodologies to systematically
Africas total fertility rate and its dependency ratio have been falling since the 1980s, and are projected to fall further. This column looks at the potential growth effects of the continents changing demography. The African economy has the potential to grow between 0.5 and 2 percentage points faster over the next five decades than it would without the projected fertility
"Birth Rate". CIA - The World Factbook. Cia.gov. Retrieved 15 March 2013. "Ethnic groups statistics - countries compared". ... The rate of deforestation in Cambodia is one of the highest in the world and it is often perceived as the most destructive, ... The fertility rate was 4.0 children in 2000. Women in urban areas have 2.2 children on average, compared with 3.3 children per ... The poverty rate fell to 10 percent in 2013, and further reduction of poverty is expected for both urban and rural households ...
"Birth Rate". CIA - The World Factbook. Cia.gov. Retrieved March 15, 2013. [1] Archived May 9, 2006, at the Wayback Machine " ... The Khmers developed the Khmer alphabet, the earliest alphabet still in use in Southeast Asia, which in turn gave birth to the ... "Estimated Resident Population by Country of Birth, 30 June 1992 to 2016". stat.data.abs.gov.au. Retrieved April 6, 2017. " ...
"Birth Rate". CIA - The World Factbook. Cia.gov. Retrieved 15 March 2013. Kiernan, Ben (May 2014). The Pol Pot Regime: Race, ... The Khmers developed the first alphabet still in use in Southeast Asia which in turn gave birth to the later Thai and Lao ...
Today, China's fertility rate has not quite returned to the rate of replacement (the birth rate that will maintain population ... Today, the birth rate has dropped to 1.52 births per woman, under the rate of replacement. Foundlings, who may be orphans, can ... "Romania - Birth Rate". Index Mundi. Northrop Frye, Anatomy of Criticism, p. 198. ISBN 0-691-01298-9. Laura A. Hibbard (1963). ... In the following years, Romania's birth rate nearly doubled. However, due to a lack of resources necessary to care for the ...
In 2017, MOE announced the mergers of various schools, in view of the declining birth rate in Singapore, enrolments might fall ... "Declining Birth Rate". "MOE announces names of merged junior colleges". Channel NewsAsia. Coordinates: 1°22′35″N 103°56′15″E ...
"Crude birth rates, mortality rates and marriage rates 2005-2008" (PDF) (in Italian). Retrieved 10 May 2009. ISTAT. "Average ... experienced a significant growth in birth rates. The total fertility rate has also climbed from an all-time low of 1.18 ... High fertility and birth rates persisted until the 1970s, after which they started to dramatically decline, leading to rapid ... "Italy Birth Rate". indexmundi.com. "Demographic indicators". www.istat.it. 30 November 2014. Ethnologue report for language ...
The last quarter of the century saw a dramatic fall in birth rates. Spain's fertility rate of 1.47 (the number of children the ... The birth rate has climbed in 10 years from 9.10 births per 1000 people per year in 1996 to 10.9 in 2006. The population of ... Decline of birth rates. 1985. Legalization of abortion. 1988. After centuries of outwards emigration, the first events of ... After that time, the birth rate fell during the 1980s and Spain's population became stalled. Many demographers have linked ...
Birth and death rates. Baseball batting averages (colloquially). Property taxation rates: the millage rate (U.S.) or mill rate ...
"Birth Rate Chart" (GIF). CNN. CNN. August 11, 2011. Annotated Chart of 20th Century US Birth Rates "Baby Boom population - U.S ... Growth rates thereafter started to decline due to rising age at marriage as well as increasing availability and use of ... A dip in the growth rate from 1959 to 1960, for instance, was due to the Great Leap Forward in China. During that time, both ... The world population growth rate rose from about 1.5 percent per year from 1950 to 1951, to a peak of over 2 percent in the ...
... has a population growth rate of 1.5% as of 2013[update]. This is the result of one of the highest birth rates in the ... "Nicaragua Birth rate - Demographics". www.indexmundi.com. "Crude death rate - the United Nations". UNData. Archived from the ... "National adult literacy rates (15+), youth literacy rates (15-24) and elderly literacy rates (65+)". UNESCO Institute for ... The adult literacy rate in 2005 was 78.0%. Primary education is free in Nicaragua. A system of private schools exists, many of ...
The national birth rate is 14.5 births per year per 1,000 population. Two-thirds of households consist of extended families ... "Country Comparison: Birth Rate". CIA World Factbook. Archived from the original on 4 August 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014. " ... Non-communicable diseases risk factors in North Korea include high rates of urbanization, an aging society, and high rates of ... "North Korea in 1945-48: The Soviet Occupation and the Birth of the State,"". From Stalin to Kim Il Sung - The Formation of ...
Also in 2006, the birth rate of 7.29 is ranked lowest among the list of countries surveyed by the CIA. Towards the end of the ... The economy would also begin the period with a rise in unemployment rate from 2.2% in 1997 to 4.4% in 2000, and 7.9% in 2003. ... "CIA." BirthRate. Retrieved on 2007-03-06. CIA gov. "[1]/. Population Retrieved on 2009-09-04. Archived 2009-05-14. Gov.hk. "Gov ... The economy had gradually recovered since 2004 and the overall unemployment rate fell to 3.6% in 2008, however the overall ...
Studies indicate that vulnerable populations typically have shorter life expectancy; higher cancer rates; more birth defects; ... Measurement of the rate of gentrification during the period from 1990 to 2010 in 50 U.S. cities showed an increase in the rate ... Cities with a rate of gentrification of ≈40% or more in the decade from 2000 to 2010 included: Portland, Oregon 58.1% ... Women, both single and married, were entering the labor force at higher rates which led to an increase of dual wage-earner ...
Studies indicate that vulnerable populations typically have shorter life expectancy; higher cancer rates; more birth defects; ... Chicago's gentrification rate was reported to be 16.8% in 2015. But researchers have claimed that it has had a significant on ... In the early 1990s, the city had an average of 500 homicides a year; by 2012, the rate had dropped by more than 80% to about ... A 2019 study in New York City, found that gentrification has no impact on rates of asthma or obesity among low-income children ...
... highest total vaginal birth rate; highest spontaneous vaginal birth rate; lowest primary cesarean section rate; highest rate of ... As the Certified Nurse Midwife group practice with the lowest episiotomy rates and one of the top practices nationally for: ... This intervention decreased mortality rates to about 40-50% - a significant improvement, given that the illness was almost ... 6 week post partum visit attendance; highest breast-feeding continuation rate; and lowest total cesarean section rate, by the ...
The birth rate was 12.32‰. There were 2,643 deaths, with a mortality rate of 4.08 per 1,000 people; The natural population ... The permanent population urbanization rate is 52.63%. In 2019, 7,983 people (4,143 males and 3,840 females) were born, among ... growth rate is 8.24 per thousand The rarely used character fù (洑) in Fushui (洑水镇) is sometimes written as the more commonly ...
Birth Rate: 33.0 per 1,000. Death Rate: 11.4 per 1,000. Population growth rate: 21.6 per 1,000. Infant Mortality Rate: 98.0 per ...
Kotkin, Joel (30 May 2012). "What's Really Behind Europe's Decline? It's The Birth Rates, Stupid". Forbes. Archived from the ... A 2013 survey showed that the rate of teen smoking dropped to 15.7%, the rate of teenagers having unprotected sex dropped to 34 ... an era which had seen an increase in birth rates in many parts of the world, as economies recovered and vast numbers of ... Many countries reported declining fertility rates in their 2010 censuses. The consequences of an aging society were felt ...
Bangladesh has become agriculturally self-sufficient; dramatically reduced its birth rate; highly improved literacy rates; ...
... the Act sought to decrease the death rate for mothers and babies; to increase the birth-rate; to expand outback settlement and ... There was a higher death rate during the summer months, which could be attributed to poor infant feeding and he embarked on a ... These advances impacted on the reduction of infant mortality rates, but Dr Jefferis Turner was aware that diarrhoeal disease ... 970 advanced from general rate revenue. The completion of the Gympie Town Hall in 1939 was part of a wider pattern of civic ...
Birth rate of 14.6 per thousand.) In 2007, non-Hispanic whites were involved in 59.1% of all the births. Some 14.06% of those ... Many counties and cities charge their own rates, in addition to the base state rate. There are also certain county and special ... the birth rate for ... ages 15 and 19 dropped 59 [%] ... in 2017 Brown, Jennifer (November 30, 2017). "IUD program leads to big ... A birth where at least one Hispanic person was involved counted for 43% of the births in Colorado. As of the 2010 Census, ...
All demographic indicators improved; birth rates increased, mortality decreased. Healthcare became freely available to ... On the same date the exchange rate at which the kroon would be exchanged for the euro (€1 = 15.6466 krooni) was also announced ...
The Act sought to decrease the death rate for mothers and babies; to increase the birth-rate; to expand outback settlement, and ...
Literacy rate: 95.3%. School attendance rate: 66.2%. Gross birth rate: 23.1 per thousand. Gross mortality rate: 4.49 per ... Studies have not confirmed whether this mammal is in danger on the island, since it is rated Least Concern by the IUCN. This ... only slowed by the decline in birth from the 60s. Particularly, the decree of Free Port, promulgated in 1971, caused a drastic ...
... achieving a much lower birth rate; homes for all; and cooperative and participatory democracy (with compassion) in all aspects ... Eugene married a Mexican-American nurse, who gave birth to two daughters. "We planned to raise an international family," he ...
There was a high assimilation and intermarriage rate among those who stayed. As a result, the Jewish birth rate and organized ... a low birth rate, and a high intermarriage rate. After the Second World War and the Holocaust, returning Jews and Jews who had ... the birth rate among Jews declined in the 1960s and 1970s. Intermarriage increased; the intermarriage rate of Jewish males was ... In 2000, 20% of the Jewish-Dutch population was 65 years or older; birth rates among Jews were low. An exception is the growing ...
Western Europe transitioned from having both high birth and death rates to having low birth and death rates. By the late 1960s ... Singapore's birth rate has fallen below the replacement level of 2.1 since the 1980s before stabilizing during the 2000s and ... Japan's birth rate fell from roughly replacement level, 2.1, in the early 1970s to 1.26 in 2005. Government officials estimated ... Russia has a falling birth rate and a declining population despite having an improving economy after the collapse of the Soviet ...
... and the increase in birth rates. Popcorn described three sub-trends within cocooning: the armored cocoon, the wandering cocoon ... The change was attributed to "higher rates of separation and divorce, smaller households with fewer children, delayed marriages ...
Korea's birthrate has reached 0.95% in 2019. This rate is the lowest ever since 1981 and it is the lowest among other OECD ... "Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people) , Data". data.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2019-06-17. "알림 > 보도자료 내용보기 " 여성이 주의해야 할 질병은 30대 ... "9월 출생아 13% 급감…출생아 수 역대 최저" [September's Birth Rate decreased 13%...Least EVER!]. 지적 존재들의 B컷 - 비주얼다이브(VisualDive) (in Korean). ... "저출산으로 산후조리원도 줄어…3년새 610→584곳" [Postpartum center's number has decreased due to decreased birth rate]. www.mk.co.kr (in Korean ...
Meanwhile, birth rates are generally falling. Globally, 70 percent of all older people now live in low or middle-income ... The states pay a monthly capitated rate per member to the MCOs that provide comprehensive care and accept the risk of managing ... "experience rating" and charge higher premiums for higher-risk individuals who have a greater chance of becoming ill. There are ... and managed care models to control escalating costs and high private pay rates. Most Western European countries have put in ...
The familial rate, which is different for nonsyndromic and syndromic cases, provides an important clue.[40][41] In the ... It is estimated that craniosynostosis affects 1 in 1,800 to 3,000 live births worldwide.[3] 3 out of every 4 cases affect males ... Craniosynostosis occurs in one in 2000 births. Craniosynostosis is part of a syndrome in 15% to 40% of affected patients, but ... Medical history should in any case include questions about risk factors during pregnancy, the familial rate and the presence of ...
Be a citizen of the United States either by birth or naturalization, except for a limited number of international midshipmen ... Military Occupational Specialty/Rating/Air Force Specialty Code. *Pay. *Uniform Code of Military Justice ...
He was one of the smallest premature births in New Jersey to survive. He also holds the record as one of the world's smallest ... institute is also the first develop a test to detect chromosome translocations in human embryos to increase the success rate ... 2009 Infant heading home after underweight birth, The Times of Trenton, August 16, 2007 - accessed July 11, 2009 The Tiniest ...
The symptoms include confusion, shortness of breath, elevated heart rate, pain or discomfort, over-perspiration, fever, ... Avery's work marked the birth of the molecular era of genetics.[14] ...
Many caecilians give birth to live young, and in the animals that do not do this, the eggs may undergo metamorphosis before ... "Amphibian decline or extinction? Current declines dwarf background extinction rate" (PDF). Journal of Herpetology. 41 (3): 483 ...
Maximum power rating: low, medium, high.. *Maximum operating frequency: low, medium, high, radio (RF), microwave frequency (the ... The invention of the transistor & the birth of the information age. *. Warnes, Lionel (1998). Analogue and Digital Electronics ... and then at a roughly quadratic rate: (IDS ∝ (VGS − VT)2, where VT is the threshold voltage at which drain current begins)[76] ... As well, as the base is lightly doped (in comparison to the emitter and collector regions), recombination rates are low, ...
Twin births have not been reported.[2]. The calf has a tawny, shaggy coat and weighs about 11 kg (24 lb). By the end of the ... rates the black wildebeest as being of "Least Concern". Its introduction into Namibia has been a success and numbers have ... Births normally take place in areas with short grass when the cow is in the lying position. She stands up immediately ... The calf is able to stand and run shortly after birth, a period of great danger for animals in the wild. It is fed by its ...
... premature births, or low birth weight.[152] Similarly, in studies examining the effects of topical retinoids during pregnancy, ... Rates appear to be lower in rural societies.[22] While some research has found it affects people of all ethnic groups,[175] ... Unlike combined birth control pills, it is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for this purpose.[1][ ... In women, the use of combined birth control pills can improve acne.[100] These medications contain an estrogen and a progestin. ...
... and described the main strategy Tilton employed for such a high return rate on his mailings-that is, send the recipient a " ... 1946 births. *People from Miami Beach, Florida. *People from Dallas. *Religious scandals ...
Maternal mortality rate was reduced from 748 per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 190 per 100,000 live births on 2014. Nepal also ... Global estimates indicate that the rate has reduced by 65% from 128 to 48 per 1000 live births between 1991 and 2013. Nepal has ... The major causes of neonatal death in Nepal are infection, birth asphyxia, preterm birth, and hypothermia. Given Nepal's ... rates of institutional deliveries as well as deliveries attended by a skilled birth attendant (56%). Nepal is also on track to ...
Increased rates of Candida carriage are also found in people who eat a diet high in carbohydrates, people who wear dentures, ... Candida species are acquired from the mother's vaginal canal during birth. At very young ages, the immune system is yet to ... Decreased salivary flow rate or a change in the composition of saliva, collectively termed salivary hypofunction or ... Individuals continue to be at risk of the condition if underlying factors such as reduced salivary flow rate or ...
This lower rate of relapse accounts for the increased success rate of allogeneic transplants, compared to transplants from ... Umbilical cord blood is obtained when a mother donates her infant's umbilical cord and placenta after birth. Cord blood has a ... To cryopreserve HSC, a preservative, DMSO, must be added, and the cells must be cooled very slowly in a controlled-rate freezer ... For this same group, severe cardiovascular events were observed with a rate of about 1 in 1500. The most common severe adverse ...
Skeletal Evidence Shows Abrupt Worldwide Increase In Birth Rate During Neolithic Period". ScienceDaily. Retrieved November 7, ... Mannix, Loretta H.; Stratton, Julius Adams (2005). Mind and Hand: The Birth of MIT. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp. 190-92. ISBN ... Singularitarians believe in some sort of "accelerating change"; that the rate of technological progress accelerates as we ...
... with a loss rate between 8.5 weeks LMP and birth of about two percent; pregnancy loss is "virtually complete by the end of the ... Abortion rates vary. The length the pregnancy has gone on, and the method used to do the abortion influence these rates. ... Humans can also chose to end the pregnancy before birth takes place. This is called an induced abortion. Often, the term ... A pregnancy that ends this way, but that is between 20 and 37 weeks old is known as "premature birth" if the baby is born alive ...
Continuous CTG was associated with the higher rates of caesarean sections and instrumental vaginal births. The authors see the ... The fetal heart rate and the activity of the uterine muscle are detected by two transducers placed on the mother's abdomen (one ... Combined with an internal fetal monitor, an IUPC may give a more precise reading of the baby's heart rate and the strength of ... They are defined as abrupt decreases in fetal heart rate, with less than 30 seconds from the beginning of the decrease to the ...
... and fast heart rate.[1] Use is not recommended in people who have had a recent heart attack.[1] Use during pregnancy has been ... and premature birth.[20] ... As it is a medical emergency with a high mortality rate, it ... Since thyroid hormone increases myocardial oxygen demand by increasing heart rate and contractility, starting at higher doses ... as hypothyroidism is associated with a higher rate of complications, such as spontaneous abortion, preeclampsia, ...
The rate of progression of the cell cycle is further adjusted by additional signals arising from cellular sensors that monitor ... "Bacterial Birth Scar Proteins Mark Future Flagellum Assembly Site". Cell. 124 (5): 1025-37. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2006.01.019 ... There is similar random variation in the rates of progression of all the other subsystem reaction cascades. The net effect is ... the actual reaction time for each reaction varies widely around the average rate. This leads to a significant and inevitable ...
On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds a rating of 73%, based on 225 reviews, with an average rating of 6.7/10. The site's ... A month earlier in New Zealand, Rob says goodbye to his pregnant wife, Jan, and promises that he will be home for the birth. At ... Returning home, Helen has an emotional reunion with Jan, who later gives birth successfully and names her daughter Sarah. Beck ...
One concern with open source development is the high turnover rate of developers, even among core contributors (those at the ... "A Dozen Years After Open Source's 1998 Birth, It's Time For OpenTechComm".. [permanent dead link ... manages features such as alerting health care workers when patients show warning signs for conditions and records births and ...
In 1996, he was quoted as saying that "life begins at conception", and he has also voted in favor of banning partial birth ... Kucinich had a 100% rating during 2005 and 2006 from the League of Conservation Voters, indicating pro-environment votes.[98] ... He also received a 100% lifetime rating from the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence.[121] ... gave him a liberal rating of 95%.[71] Kucinich was often regarded as one of the most liberal members of the United States House ...
... and twin pregnancies found that the cervical pessary did not result in a lower rate of spontaneous early preterm birth. ... and at risk for a preterm birth, when cerclage is compared with no treatment, there is a reduction in preterm birth and there ... A c-section is required for women giving birth with a TAC. A transabdominal cerclage can also be placed pre-pregnancy if a ... In women with a prior spontaneous preterm birth and who are pregnant with one baby, and have shortening of the cervical length ...
Rated C-class, Top-importance). AlgaeWikipedia:WikiProject AlgaeTemplate:WikiProject AlgaeAlgae articles. ... I just picked up "The Poisoner's Handbook: Murder and the Birth of Forensic Medicine in Jazz Age New York" by Deborah Blum, and ... Rated C-class, High-importance). MicrobiologyWikipedia:WikiProject MicrobiologyTemplate:WikiProject MicrobiologyMicrobiology ... Rated C-class, High-importance). PalaeontologyWikipedia:WikiProject PalaeontologyTemplate:WikiProject Palaeontology ...
There are several scales for rating the strength of tornadoes. The Fujita scale rates tornadoes by damage caused and has been ... A sequence of images showing the birth of a tornado. First, the rotating cloud base lowers. This lowering becomes a funnel, ... The EF Scale was designed so that a tornado rated on the Fujita scale would receive the same numerical rating, and was ... Tornado rating classifications[22][61]. F0. EF0 F1. EF1 F2. EF2 F3. EF3 F4. EF4 F5. EF5 ...
"Thyroid hormone resistance and increased metabolic rate in the RXR-gamma-deficient mouse". The Journal of Clinical ... the formation of tissues and organs during embryonic development and maintaining the normal function of some cells after birth ...
... s are generally acknowledged to reduce rates of smoking; smoke-free workplaces reduce smoking rates among workers,[ ... reductions in preterm births and hospital attendance for asthma, but not with a decrease in low birth weight.[70][71] A 2016 ... The smoking ban in New York City was credited with the reduction in adult smoking rates at nearly twice the rate as in the rest ... "Smoking bans cut asthma and premature births by 10%, study says". BBC News. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 4 September 2015.. ...
The Sistrunk procedure also showed better outcomes concerning the rate of overall recurrence, i.e. has the lowest rate of ... Thyroglossal Duct Cysts are a birth defect. During embryonic development, the thyroid gland is being formed, beginning at the ... Thyroglossal cysts develop at birth. Many diagnostic procedures may be use to establish the degree of the cyst. ... Sistrunk procedure results in a 95% cure rate and 95-100% long-term survival.[17] ...
Litter size at birth, stillborn, early neonatal mortality for poodles in the Norwegian Kennel Club[88][89]. Size. Average ... Toy Poodles have one of the smallest litter size of all breeds.[88] The stillborn rate and early neonatal mortality (death ... Borge, K. S.; Tønnessen, R.; Nødtvedt, A.; Indrebø, A. (2011). "Litter size at birth in purebred dogs-A retrospective study of ... within 1 week from birth) in poodles are lower than the average across all breeds.[89] ...
According to Times Higher Education's Impact Rankings 2020, the university is rated as the most impactful private university in ... meaning the night of Jesus Christ's birth. ...
... there were 110 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 29.3 teenage births per 1,000 live ... East New York's rate of violent crimes per capita is greater than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 1,065 ... East New York's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is higher than the rest of New York City. In East New York, 31% ... Since the late 1950s East New York has had some of the highest crime rates in Brooklyn, and is considered by some to be the ...
A 1987 report, published in the United States Baháʼí News reports 4.74 million Baháʼís in 1986 growing at a rate of 31% over ... On the other hand, there are no countries in which people are automatically assigned to the Baha'i Faith at birth (as is the ... having grown at an overall rate of 2.79% across the century 1910 to 2010.[32] The countries with the largest Baháʼí populations ... Populations are not assigned a Baháʼí religious adherence by birth, as is the case with other major religions such as Islam and ...
Roan, Shari (31 March 2011). "Us Birth Rate , U.S. birth rate: Drop in birth rate is the biggest in 30 years - Los Angeles ... fertility-and-birth-rates Media related to Birth rate at Wikimedia Commons CIA World Factbook Birth Rate List by Rank. ... In 2013, teenage birth rates in the U.S. were at the lowest level in U.S. history. Teen birth rates in the U.S. have decreased ... The connection between birth rate and economic conditions stems from the fact that US birth rates have fallen to levels ...
... she gave birth to her first child less than a year later. Six months ago, she gave birth to her eighth. Fatima Shaher, 31, a ... The birth rate among Jews across the region is 18.3 per thousand -- high by European standards but less than half that of the ... Among Palestinians living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the annual birth rate is 40 for every 1,000 of population; among ... Married at 15, she gave birth to her first child less than a year later. Six months ago, she gave birth to her eighth. Fatima ...
Ireland still has the highest birth rate in the European Union, according to a new ESRI report. ... Ireland still has highest birth rate in EU, says ESRI report Updated / Tuesday, 26 Jun 2012 22:03 ... Ireland still has the highest birth rate in the European Union, according to a new ESRI report. ... The average age of women giving birth was just over 31 by 2010, while there was a 22% increase in those aged 35 and older ...
U.S. birth rate falls to 32-year low A provisional report found there 3.788 million births last year, marking the fourth year ... Birth rates continued to fall for teen moms and for women in their 20s. ...
Birth rates among teenagers were down in 2002, continuing a decline that began in 1991. The birth rate fell to 43 births per ... There has also been a recent downturn in the birth rate for women in the peak childbearing ages. Birth rates for women in their ... The birth rate was 13.9 per 1,000 persons in 2002, a decline of 1 percent from the rate of 14.1 per 1,000 in 2001 and down 17 ... The U.S. birth rate fell to the lowest level since national data have been available, reports the latest Centers for Disease ...
Birth rates also vary by race and ethnicity. Birth rates for Hispanic women are higher than rates for either non-Hispanic black ... First birth rates for women in their thirties with a college degree were two to five times the first birth rates for women with ... found a direct relationship between years of education and birth rates, with the highest birth rates among women with the ... Birth rates for college-educated unmarried women are substantially below the rates for less-educated unmarried women. ...
The low birth rate in South Korea demonstrates the intersection of the low fertility rate in South Korea and government ... the birth rate also decreased from 6.0 children per woman in 1960 to 1.13 per woman in 2006.[citation needed] The divorce rate ... which may possibly lead to another episode of low birth rate in the future. From 1981 to 1988, the sex ratio at birth continued ... the rapid increase in the divorce rate affected the decrease in the birth rate. In the economic crisis, many families were ...
... reliable birth control to women can reduce the abortion rate by between 62 percent and 78 percent, a new study finds. ... the teen birth rate was 6.3 per 1,000 women, a huge difference from the national teen birth rate of 34.3 per 1,000 women. ... Latest on Free Birth Control Cuts Abortion Rate by 62 Percent. * Whats Behind Toddlers Extremely Rare Water Allergy? ... Birth control pills have a higher failure rate than these methods, because women have to remember to take a pill at the same ...
... teen birth rate declined 9% in 2010 and is now at the lowest level ever reported, according to data released today by the... ... Birth rates also declined for all racial/ethnic groups. Among teens 15-19, the birth rate declined 9% in 2010 for non-Hispanic ... Birth rates declined for teens of all ages. The rate for teens 15-17 declined 12% in 2010 and has fallen 55% from its peak in ... The national teen birth rate fell to 34.3 births per 1,000 girls aged 15-19 in 2010, down from 37.9 in 2009 and 61.8 in 1991 ...
Irans birth rate stands at 1.6 children per woman, lawmaker Ali Motahari said, according to IRNA. At that rate, the population ... The bill, approved by 143 out of 231 members present in parliament, according to IRNA, also bans the advertising of birth ...
MOSCOW -- Low domestic birthrates and rising immigration from the former Soviet republics are producing explosive growth in ... The fertility rate for Tatars living in Moscow is six children per woman, Mr. Goble said, while the Chechen and Ingush ... MOSCOW - Low domestic birthrates and rising immigration from the former Soviet republics are producing explosive growth in ... Russias overall population is dropping at a rate of 700,000 people a year, largely because of the short life spans and low ...
1998, p. 42). Source for information on Birth and Death Rates: Encyclopedia of Sociology dictionary. ... BIRTH AND DEATH RATESMuch of the birth and death information published by governments is in absolute numbers. These raw data ... BIRTH RATES. The crude birth rate calculated in the preceding example, is the most common measure of fertility because it ... BIRTH AND DEATH RATES. Much of the birth and death information published by governments is in absolute numbers. These raw data ...
... and a change to ACA birth control coverage may turn women against Trump. ... The abortion rate is the lowest it has been since 1973. The rate of unintended pregnancies has declined as contraceptive use ... Kaffer: Trump ACA birth control rule change rolls dice with women. Nancy Kaffer. Detroit Free Press ... Nine out of 10 American women, across religious and political backgrounds, will use birth control at some point in their ...
The countrys preterm birth rate dropped to 11.5%, but the United States still ranks behind other developed countries that have ... Americas preemie birth rate declines, but country ranks low. 11/01/13 03:00 PM. Updated 11/03/13 08:02 PM. ... Americas preemie birth rate declines, but country ranks low. 11/01/13 03:00 PM. Updated 11/03/13 08:02 PM. ... The 2012 nationwide rate for premature babies dropped to 11.5%, a 15-year low, according to the March of Dimes Premature Birth ...
... teen birth rate rose for a second straight year in 2007 after a long decline and more babies were born to all mothers than even ... MORE SEX, LESS BIRTH CONTROL "The teen birth rate in the U.S. had declined dramatically in past years because of both less sex ... "The teen birth rate is now going up probably for the opposite set of reasons - the combination of more sex and less ... "Two years of increases in the teen birth rate are a wake-up call showing the need to target efforts to help teens delay sexual ...
Chinese county reins in birth-rate - without a one-child limit - Peter Ford. by Sophie Beach , Feb 26, 2007 ... From the Christian Science Monitor, an interesting look at a town that has had great success at lowering the birth rates, ... Wang Ling at chinadialogue describes concerns over the accuracy of Chinas birth rate figures, expressed as its Total Fertility ... hoping that it would address a looming demographic crisis by boosting the nations birthrate. However, a major birth... ...
The continuing recession is also affecting social life after stats showed that the national birth rate dropped for a second ... "The birth rate is still higher than the birth rate in many wealthy countries and we also have many immigrants entering the ... However Andrew Cherlin at Johns Hopkins University said that there was no need to be worried since the birth rate in US was ... an adverse effect on the economic life in the US but also on the social life after stats showed that the national birth rate ...
... birth rate has declined, and the lowest rate on record since the government started tracking the fertility rate in 1920. In ... fertility rate fell to another record low in 2012, with 63.0 births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 44 years old, according to the ... birth rate has declined, and the lowest rate on record since the government started tracking the fertility rate in 1909. In ... The birth rate has largely been declining since the post-World War II baby boom, but that fall accelerated during the Great ...
Numbers released Wednesday show 2011 had the lowest birth rate in United States history. And experts are beginning to question ... The most startling birth rate drop he noted was among young Hispanic women ages 20-25. Their fertility rate dropped from 165 to ... The birth rate is also down for unmarried women.. "It is hard to tell whether this is movement towards a long-term trend of ... Lowest birth rate may not just be the recession. By Lois M Collins @loisco ...
... has urged the government to implement additional measures to improve the birth rate in Thailand, following a recent study ... According to the NESDB, Thailand has to maintain the birth rate at 500,000 per year to keep the countrys economy and manpower ... NESDB urges for measures to tackle low birth rate. national November 30, 2018 15:02 ... has urged the government to implement additional measures to improve the birth rate in Thailand, following a recent study ...
Americas teen birthrate fell in 2008, ending a two-year upward trend, the federal government said in a report released Tuesday ... Still, the goal has to be a return to the steady decline in teen birth rates that started in 1991 and continued for 14 years. ... The new NCHS report also showed that the birth rate among unmarried women fell slightly (52.9 births per 1,000 single women in ... But other observers caution that the unwed birthrate is often tied to the marital birthrate. ...
The result is birthrates that are the lowest in the world - and the lowest sustained rates in history. European Union ... "If you have a fertility rate of 1.2 or 1.3 you need to do something about it - its really quite a problem," said Tomas Sobotka ... The European Unions executive arm, alarmed by the trend, estimates that, if birthrates remain this low, the bloc will have a ... In 1990, no European country had a fertility rate of less than 1.3 children per woman; by 2002, there were 15, with 6 more ...
The change from high birth rates and death rates to low birth rates and death rates. The Demographic Transition Model is a ... Richer MEDCs = lower birth rates. LEDCs have higher birth rates than MEDCs. Death rates around the globe are relatively low. ... Stage four - the total population is high, but it is balanced due to a low birth rate and a low death rate. Birth control is ... During stage 4 the birth rate is high. • During stage 3 the death rate is high. • LEDCs are in stages 1-3. • MEDCs are usually ...
A systematic review shows that less medical intervention during planned home birth is associated with a tripling of the ... "Less medical intervention during planned home birth is associated with a tripling of the neonatal mortality rate," the study ... Cite this: Less Medical Intervention for Home Birth Linked to Increased Neonatal Mortality Rate - Medscape - Jul 02, 2010. ... July 2, 2010 - Less medical intervention during planned home birth is associated with a tripling of the neonatal mortality rate ...
For a state-by-state breakdown of preterm birth rates within the U.S., see the March of Dimes 2011 Premature Birth Report Card ... U.S. Lags Behind 130 Other Nations in Preterm Birth Rate. May 2, 2012, 7:21 PM, Posted by NewPublicHealth ... Preterm birth (birth before 37 weeks completed gestation) is the leading cause of newborn death in the US-nearly half a million ... The rate of preterm births for African American mothers is 18 percent; the rate for white mothers is 11 percent. ...
Essure, a permanent, non-surgical form of birth control, sterilizes women by plugging the fallopian tubes. It consists of ... Permanent, non-surgical birth control shows high rate of problems. Essure device linked to 10 times as many problems as having ... "No form of birth control is without risk and should be considered appropriate for every woman. It is imperative that women ... "As the authors note, the rate of reoperation after Essure in this study may be related to "detection bias." A required Essure ...
The rate has been rising since the early 1980s. ... Women in their early 40s were the only group with higher birth ... Women in their early 40s were the only group with higher birth rates in 2017, up 2 percent from the year. The rate has been ... Birth rates for women in their 30s had been rising steadily to the highest levels in at least half a century, and women in ... Birth rates for teens continued to nosedive, as they have since the early 1990s. In 2017, they dropped 7 percent from the year ...
... by Rachel Baye , Apr 3, 2013, 12:00 AM. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook ...
Louis reveals that women who receive birth control for free are less likely to have an unplanned pregnancy-and also less likely ... Researchers educated the women-ages 14 to 45, many of them poor or uninsured-about different kinds of birth control and gave ... Implants are most expensive method of birth control. They can cost between $500 to $1,000 for the device and insertion. ... The birth rate of the studys teenage participants was six births per 1,000 girls, compared with the national rate of 34 per ...
Marylands teen birth rate has dropped for the sixth straight year and is nearly 20 percent lower than in 1991, according to ... Teen birth rate drops. Maryland numbers on the decline for sixth straight year. Down 20 percent since 91. Education campaign, ... Marylands teen birth rate has dropped for the sixth straight year and is nearly 20 percent lower than in 1991, according to ... Independent experts question how much influence state programs have on teen birth rates, but a leading expert on teen-age ...
  • Secretary Thompson also noted that the rate of teen births fell to a new record low, continuing a decline that began in 1991. (cdc.gov)
  • Birth rates among teenagers were down in 2002, continuing a decline that began in 1991. (cdc.gov)
  • Progress in reducing teen pregnancy has been nothing short of remarkable-the teen birth rate has declined a stunning 44% between 1991 and 2010. (prnewswire.com)
  • The rate for teens 15-17 declined 12% in 2010 and has fallen 55% from its peak in 1991. (prnewswire.com)
  • The national teen birth rate fell to 34.3 births per 1,000 girls aged 15-19 in 2010, down from 37.9 in 2009 and 61.8 in 1991 when the teen birth rate was at its peak. (prnewswire.com)
  • Still, the goal has to be a return to the steady decline in teen birth rates that started in 1991 and continued for 14 years. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Since peaking in 1991, the teen birthrate has fallen 73 percent. (nationalreview.com)
  • Maryland's teen birth rate has dropped for the sixth straight year and is nearly 20 percent lower than in 1991, according to figures to be released today by the governor's office. (baltimoresun.com)
  • Between 1991 and 2005, Oklahoma's teen birth numbers actually declined. (newson6.com)
  • New numbers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show the teen birth rate is rising, for the first time since 1991. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • The birth rate among teen girls has dropped 67 percent since 1991, according to the National Center for Health Statistics, which presented preliminary data for 2016 based on a majority (99.9 percent) of births. (wtvr.com)
  • The U.S. birth rate among those ages 10 to 19 "declined substantially during the 1990s and early 2000s, from a high of 61.8 births per 1,000 females in 1991 to a historical low of 40.5 in 2005," wrote Phyllis A. Wingo, PhD, of the CDC's division of reproductive health, and colleagues. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The divorce bump in counties hit by Hurricane Hugo was slight by Katrina standards-0.3 additional divorces per 1,000 people-but accounted for a statistically significant increase that year before the rate returned to pre-storm levels in 1991. (slate.com)
  • This contrasts with a long-term decline in adolescent birthrates that extended from 1991 through 2005, the researchers said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Teenage birth rates peaked in the baby-boom year of 1957, at 96.3 per 1,000, and by 1991, the rate was 61.8. (nytimes.com)
  • The authors of the report estimate that if 1991 birth rates had prevailed through 2010, 3.4 million additional babies would have been born to teenagers during these years. (nytimes.com)
  • The rate for Black teens ages 15 to 17 has been cut by more than half from 79.9 per thousand in 1991 to 35.4 per thousand in 2005. (hhs.gov)
  • For Black teens ages 18 and 19, the birth rate fell from a high of 147.7 per thousand in 1991 to a low of 100.4 per thousand in 2003 before increasing to 101.6 births per thousand in 2005. (hhs.gov)
  • Shaher and other Palestinian women are producing babies at one of the highest rates in the world. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The average age of women giving birth was just over 31 by 2010, while there was a 22% increase in those aged 35 and older having babies. (rte.ie)
  • Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn death, and babies who survive often face serious and sometimes lifelong health problems such as developmental delays or vision loss, according to the organization. (cnn.com)
  • Without the recent decreasing rates, 176,000 more babies would have been born preterm, Dr. McCabe said. (msnbc.com)
  • WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. teen birth rate rose for a second straight year in 2007 after a long decline and more babies were born to all mothers than even at the peak of the baby boom after World War Two, officials said on Wednesday. (reuters.com)
  • In an encouraging development, the rate of premature births and low birthweight babies declined after a long upward trend, according to a report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics. (reuters.com)
  • For the first time since 1984 there was a drop in the percentage of babies born with low birth weight, which similarly increases the risk of a baby's health problems. (reuters.com)
  • Preterm babies are born at a higher rate in the US than in 130 other countries, including many poorer nations, according to a report released today, Born Too Soon: The Global Action Report on Preterm Birth , published by the March of Dimes and almost fifty other groups, including the World Health Organization . (rwjf.org)
  • Preterm birth (birth before 37 weeks completed gestation) is the leading cause of newborn death in the US-nearly half a million US babies are born too early each year. (rwjf.org)
  • Babies who survive an early birth often have breathing problems, cerebral palsy, intellectual disabilities, and other lifelong problems. (rwjf.org)
  • Even babies born just a few weeks early have higher rates of hospitalization and illness than full-term infants, and the costs exceed $26 billion each year. (rwjf.org)
  • NEW YORK - U.S. birth rates declined last year for women in their teens, 20s and - surprisingly - their 30s, leading to the fewest babies in 30 years, according to a government report released Thursday. (floridatoday.com)
  • Rates of preterm and low birth weight babies rose for the third straight year, possibly for the same reason. (floridatoday.com)
  • Birth rates for women in their 30s had been rising steadily to the highest levels in at least half a century, and women in their early 30s recently became the age group that has the most babies. (floridatoday.com)
  • A mericans are having fewer babies than ever, or at least than since the government began tracking the general fertility rate in 1909. (nationalreview.com)
  • The total fertility rate ticked down to 1.7 in 2019, meaning that the average number of babies an American woman would have over her lifetime is well below replacement level. (nationalreview.com)
  • ATHENS - As a longtime fertility doctor, Minas Mastrominas has helped couples in Greece give birth to thousands of bouncing babies. (nytimes.com)
  • The number of babies born in the United States has dropped for the second year in a row, according to new federal statistics released Friday that provide more evidence that the nation's economic troubles are affecting the birth rate. (opposingviews.com)
  • It sounds like one of those stories you can safely ignore: The U.S. birth rate has hit a record low, led by a big drop in the portion of immigrant women having babies. (jillstanek.com)
  • A veteran nurse, Barron was in charge of infection control and quality assurance at the hospital when she noticed there had been two babies born with the birth defect of anencephaly in a six month period. (truth-out.org)
  • Almost all babies with the defect die shortly after birth. (truth-out.org)
  • Last week, a 33-year-old woman in California made headlines around the world when she gave birth to eight babies. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • This is an estimate of the total number of babies that 1,000 women would have over their lifetimes, based on the actual birth rates for women in different age groups. (latimes.com)
  • The nation's birth rates last year reached record lows for women in their teens and 20s, a government report shows, leading to the fewest babies in 32 years.The provisional report, released Wednesday and based on more than 99% of U.S. birth records, found 3.788 million births last year. (wesh.com)
  • It was the fourth year the number of births has fallen, the lowest since 1986 and a surprise to some experts given the improving economy.The fertility rate of 1.7 births per U.S. woman also fell 2%, meaning the current generation isn't making enough babies to replace itself. (wesh.com)
  • I keep expecting to see the birth rates go up and then they don't," said demographer Kenneth M. Johnson of University of New Hampshire's Carsey School of Public Policy.He estimates 5.7 million babies would have been born in the past decade if fertility rates hadn't fallen from pre-recession levels. (wesh.com)
  • The number of babies born to native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders was stable.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report also found:-Overall, the U.S. birth rate for women ages 15 to 44 was 59 births per 1,000 women, an all-time low. (wesh.com)
  • The nation's birth rates last year reached record lows for women in their teens and 20s, a government report shows, leading to the fewest babies in 32 years. (wesh.com)
  • The fertility rate of 1.7 births per U.S. woman also fell 2%, meaning the current generation isn't making enough babies to replace itself. (wesh.com)
  • He estimates 5.7 million babies would have been born in the past decade if fertility rates hadn't fallen from pre-recession levels. (wesh.com)
  • Estimated data released from the recent U.S. Census Bureau shows that Washington state has babies being born at a rate that's among the fastest in the country, especially of note as the nation's growth has slowed. (mynorthwest.com)
  • Alongside a focus on specific elements such as reducing smoking in pregnancy and monitoring fetal movements, the Saving Babies' Lives Care Bundle is now being updated in 2019 to include measures to reduce preterm birth. (tommys.org)
  • Worcester had a birth rate of 31.6 - or 244 - babies born to women between the ages of 15 and 19. (telegram.com)
  • In 2009, the city's birth rate was 28.3 - or 219 - babies born to women of the same age group. (telegram.com)
  • For women who are already two to three months pregnant, exposure to stressors from Sandy may put them at risk for giving birth to very low-weight babies . (slate.com)
  • Also, the rate of low-birth-weight babies fell slightly to 8.2% from 8.3% in 2006. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Also, many of the causes of the declining birthrates-such as teens having fewer babies-are good for the region. (sightline.org)
  • The three-year improvement in the U.S. preterm birth rate means that 40,000 more babies were given a healthy start in life and spared the risk of life-long health consequences of an early birth. (cafemom.com)
  • The number of newborn babies declined 8.6% from 2017 to 2018, becoming the lowest birth rate for South Korea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Premature birth is the leading cause of newborn death and babies who survive often face the risk of lifelong health challenges. (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • Doctors see every home-birth patient who had a complication, but we don't see the ones that have these beautiful, fabulous babies at home who may breast-feed better or have less hospital-acquired infections. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The women's use of long-term hormonal birth control such as the shot and the implant increased by 68 percent-the jump appears large because previous use of this type of birth control was so low-and the rate of babies born in this age group also fell by 10 percent. (umich.edu)
  • Birth rates among black and Hispanic teenagers have fallen dramatically over the past decade, but they're still more likely to have babies compared to their white peers, according to a new report, NBC News reports. (nbcnewyork.com)
  • The report also included the rising births of more low birth weight babies than in previous years and births overall fell across the U.S., while high-risk births became more common, according to the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics. (nbcconnecticut.com)
  • The increase in the preterm birth rate is an alarming indication that the health of pregnant women and babies in our country is heading in the wrong direction," Stacey Stewart, president of the March of Dimes, a charity organization, told NBC News. (nbcconnecticut.com)
  • The U.S. fertility rate fell to another record low in 2012, with 63.0 births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 44 years old, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cnn.com)
  • The rate of births to women ages 15 to 44, known as the general fertility rate, sank to a record low of about 60 per 1,000. (floridatoday.com)
  • The statistics will show that 4.39 percent of Maryland girls between ages 15 and 19 gave birth in 1997, the last year for which figures were available. (baltimoresun.com)
  • OKLAHOMA CITY - Teen birth rates in Oklahoma rose again, making the state the 5th highest in the nation for births among girls ages 15 to 19. (newson6.com)
  • The number of births in the U.S. last year fell 1% from 2015 while the general fertility rate for women ages 15 to 44 dropped to a record low. (latimes.com)
  • In 2016, the U.S. general fertility rate hit a record low of 62.0 births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 44. (latimes.com)
  • Federally funded family planning clinics in the state had been providing free contraception to families who couldn't afford them for four decades, yet six of every 10 women, ages 15 to 24, who had a live birth that year said their pregnancy had been unintended. (yesmagazine.org)
  • According to a report from the National Center for Health Statistics, birth rates among young women ages 15 to 19 fell in all but three states and in all racial, ethnic and age groups. (nytimes.com)
  • Abortion rates among teens and young adults ages 15 to 29 also decreased during this time period, research shows. (upi.com)
  • Overall, the U.S. birth rate for women ages 15 to 44 was 59 births per 1,000 women, an all-time low. (adn.com)
  • The birth rate for teenagers fell to 39 births per 1,000 girls, ages 15 through 19, according to a government report released Tuesday. (middletownpress.com)
  • The birth rate per thousand unmarried teens ages 15 to 17 fell in 2005 for both Black and White teens. (hhs.gov)
  • The crude birth rate calculated in the preceding example, is the most common measure of fertility because it requires the least amount of data and measures the impact of fertility on population growth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Crude birth rates at the end of the twentieth century range from over 40 per 1,000 in many African countries and a few Asian countries such as Yemen and Afghanistan to less than 12 per 1,000 in the slow-growing or declining countries of Europe and Japan (Population Reference Bureau 1998). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The crude birth rate is aptly named when used to compare childbearing levels between populations. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If women of childbearing age compose different proportions in the populations under consideration or within the same population in a longitudinal analysis, the crude birth rate is an unreliable indicator of the relative level of childbearing. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A portion of Utah's 61 percent higher crude birth rate is due to the state's higher proportion of childbearing-age women, 23 percent, versus 20 percent in Florida (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1994). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The proportion of childbearing-age women varies more widely between nations, making the crude birth rate a poor choice for international comparisons. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Other rates that more precisely specify the population at risk are better comparative measures of childbearing, although only the crude birth rate measures the impact of fertility on population growth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The 39 percent difference in the two states' general fertility rates is substantially less than that indicated by their crude birth rates which are confounded by age-composition differences. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The data listed here in Crude birth rate, age-specific and total fertility rates (live births) , and Deaths and mortality rates, by age group and sex , come from Tables 102-4505 and 102-0504, and Surveys 3231, 3233, 3604. (economy.com)
  • Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear. (nationmaster.com)
  • Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth rate in the absence of migration. (nationmaster.com)
  • The crude birth rate (CBR) in a period is the total number of live births per 1,000 population divided by the length of the period in years. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the crude death rate is subtracted from the crude birth rate, the result is the rate of natural increase (RNI). (wikipedia.org)
  • The total (crude) birth rate (which includes all births)-typically indicated as births per 1,000 population-is distinguished from a set of age-specific rates (the number of births per 1,000 persons, or more usually 1,000 females, in each age group). (wikipedia.org)
  • Policies to increase the crude birth rate are known as pro-natalist policies, and policies to reduce the crude birth rate are known as anti-natalist policies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crude death rates among children ages 1 to 19 dropped by 2.5%, with unintentional injuries and homicide still being the leading causes. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people) in Grenada was reported at 18.95 in 2015, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. (tradingeconomics.com)
  • In 2018, the crude birth rate reached a low of 6.4 (live births per 1,000 people that year). (wikipedia.org)
  • Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people). (nationmaster.com)
  • Although the general fertility rate is a more accurate measure of the relative levels of fertility between populations, it remains sensitive to the distribution of population across women of childbearing ages. (encyclopedia.com)
  • When women are heavily concentrated in the younger, more fecund ages, such as in developing countries today and in the United States in 1980, rather than the less fecund older ages, such as in the United States and other developed countries today, the general fertility rate is not the best choice for fertility analysis. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The number of births tends to rise as the population rises, so statisticians like to make historical comparisons by calculating the general fertility rate. (latimes.com)
  • In 2015, the general fertility rate was 62.5. (latimes.com)
  • The general fertility rate rose 1% to 69.5 births per 1,000 women of childbearing age. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The general fertility rate also declined 1 percent last year to another record low: 62.5 per 1,000 women aged 15-to-44. (taipeitimes.com)
  • The only two groups with slightly higher birth rates in 2018 were women in their late 30s and those in their early 40s. (wesh.com)
  • TUESDAY, May 15, 2018 -- For women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), acupuncture at the time of ovarian stimulation and embryo transfer is not associated with a significant difference in live birth rate compared with sham acupuncture, according to a study published in the May 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association . (drugs.com)
  • In 2018, the total fertility rate in South Korea declined to 0.98, which indicates the number of children that a woman gives birth to during her lifetime. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to maintain a population of 50 million, the 2018 fertility rate (0.98) needed to match the replacement level (2.1). (wikipedia.org)
  • While the birth rate may be declining in the U.S., lives are getting longer, and the life expectancy was estimated to be about 78.54 years in 2018. (statista.com)
  • According to the CDC, South Dakota had a fertility rate of 73.6 in 2018, the highest in the nation. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • Dividing Florida's births by the state's population and multiplying by 1,000 yields a birth rate of 13 per 1,000. (encyclopedia.com)
  • According to the Oklahoma Institute for Child Advocacy , the state's birth rate for older teens -- ages 18 to 19 -- jumped in 2007 from 6th highest to 2nd highest in the country, just behind Mississippi. (newson6.com)
  • The national birth date dipped 10 percent from 2000-10, the state's dropped 12 percent and Orange County's plummeted 23 percent, with 16.5 births per 1,000 population in 2000 falling to 12.7 per 1,000 in 2010. (ocweekly.com)
  • Over the next five years, the state's teen birth and abortion rates were cut in half. (yesmagazine.org)
  • Analysis also found a strong association between the magnitude of birth rate change from 2007-2008 and a state's housing foreclosure rate in 2007. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • That's been an issue in previous counts, and South Dakota officials say the state's high fertility rate is one important reason an accurate count is needed. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • Thirty-five states and Washington reduced the percentage of women of childbearing age who smoked, and 28 states, Washington and Puerto Rico lowered the rate of late preterm births: infants born between 34 and 36 weeks gestation. (cnn.com)
  • Elizabeth Mason, MD, director of the Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health for the WHO says model practices in other countries that have reduced preterm births include creating medical homes for expectant mothers, reducing hospital infection rates and both prenatal care and care throughout a pregnancy to monitor for concerns. (rwjf.org)
  • Christopher Howson, PHD, Vice President for Global Programs at the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation, says the current worldwide rate of preterm births could be halved by 2025 if the recommended interventions are carried out. (rwjf.org)
  • New guidelines developed by the UK Preterm Clinical Network will reduce the rates of preterm births. (tommys.org)
  • We will not achieve the national Maternity Safety Ambition [to halve the rates of stillbirths, neonatal and brain injuries that occur during or soon after birth by 2025] unless the rate of preterm births is reduced. (tommys.org)
  • The adolescent birth rate declined for the second consecutive year, preterm births declined for the third consecutive year, adolescent injury deaths declined, and fewer 12th graders binge drank, according to the federal government's annual statistical report on the well-being of the nation's children and youth. (healthcanal.com)
  • By 2010, there was a 2% decline in the mortality rate of live births and still births, compared to 2001. (rte.ie)
  • The infant mortality rate in Massachusetts was 4.4 deaths per 1,000 live births, which is 28 percent lower than the U.S. rate, with 6.1 deaths per 1,000 live births. (telegram.com)
  • These findings do not support the use of acupuncture to improve the rate of live births among women undergoing IVF. (drugs.com)
  • In addition, there was a drop in the percentage of teens overall who had had previous live births, and the percentage of married teens giving birth also declined, according to the authors. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The report focuses on the social and biological characteristics of all mothers that gave birth in Ireland in 2010, as well as pregnancy outcomes. (rte.ie)
  • The results of this study demonstrate that we can reduce the rate of unintended pregnancy and this is key to reducing abortions in this country. (livescience.com)
  • The teen birth rate in the U.S. had declined dramatically in past years because of both less sex and more contraception," Bill Albert of the National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy advocacy group said in a telephone interview. (reuters.com)
  • It also has improved child development centers, encouraged companies to set up childcare centers, given the right to leave from work for giving birth, and prevented teenage pregnancy problems. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • The availability of birth control at no cost lowered both pregnancy rates in teenage girls and abortion rates among all participants. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • Independent experts question how much influence state programs have on teen birth rates, but a leading expert on teen-age pregnancy said he could not rule out the possibility that Maryland's efforts are having a positive effect. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The teen pregnancy rate went up last year, and that's the first time that has happened in 14 years. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • where preterm birth has taken place before 34 weeks, the importance of post-pregnancy consultation with parents is also discussed. (tommys.org)
  • This increase in funding has received significant attention as possibly influencing receipt of formal instruction about birth control methods, sexual behaviors, and teen pregnancy. (medpagetoday.com)
  • While teen pregnancy has technically decreased over the last two decades, rates are still high compared with other developed countries. (livescience.com)
  • It's remarkable that teen pregnancy rates are going down pretty much everywhere in the country," said John Santelli, professor of population and family health and pediatrics at Columbia University who has done extensive research on the subject. (yesmagazine.org)
  • However, this decline made little difference to the pregnancy and live birth rate in women using these samples for donor insemination, with cumulative live birth rates of 82.2 per cent, 80.2 per cent and 80.0 per cent in the three storage groups respectively. (newscientist.com)
  • From 2007 to 2010, teenage pregnancy rates declined in every state except Montana, North Dakota and West Virginia, where there was no significant difference over the period. (nytimes.com)
  • Elizabeth Finley works with the Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Campaign of North Carolina , which works with the state Health Department to reduce the teen pregnancy rate. (wunc.org)
  • The pre-term birth rate, for infants delivered at less than 37 weeks of pregnancy, dropped for the third straight year to about 12 percent of all births. (middletownpress.com)
  • For decades, health educators have been emphasizing the hazards of teen pregnancy, including higher dropout rates and other problems for these young mothers and their kids. (middletownpress.com)
  • It seems they have a pattern of extended pregnancy, but we don't know if post-term birth is a positive or a negative or a tradeoff," Dr. Buhimschi says. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • We did not identify associations between preterm birth and active disease at conception or during pregnancy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Female obesity adversely affects assisted reproductive technology (ART) pregnancy and live birth rates. (nih.gov)
  • The SART CORS was used to evaluate the odds of failure to achieve a clinical intrauterine pregnancy and failure to achieve a live birth by the woman's age, BMI and oocyte source (autologous versus donor), controlling for race and ethnicity, day of embryo transfer, number of embryos transferred and infertility diagnoses. (nih.gov)
  • However, "the older the mother is, the more risk there is" of complications during pregnancy that account for higher rates of death for older mothers, she said. (ocregister.com)
  • Many other researchers have shown that abstinence-only education does not reduce teen pregnancy rates. (nbcnewyork.com)
  • The organization compared birth rates with its goal of 9.6% by 2020. (cnn.com)
  • The March of Dimes is leading the Prematurity Campaign to reduce the nation's preterm birth rate to 9.6% by 2020. (msnbc.com)
  • The preterm birth rate was 11.4% in 2013, according to the March of Dimes , meeting the federal goal that was set for 2020. (allgov.com)
  • Achieving the Healthy People 2020 goal is reason for celebration, but the U.S. still has one of the highest rates of preterm birth of any high resource country and we must change that," March of Dimes President Dr. Jennifer L. Howse said in a release. (allgov.com)
  • There has also been a recent downturn in the birth rate for women in the peak childbearing ages. (cdc.gov)
  • A downturn in the birth rate affects the whole economy. (cnn.com)
  • The current low birth rate primarily reflects the smaller proportion of women of childbearing age in the U.S. population, as baby boomers age and Americans are living longer. (cdc.gov)
  • At that rate, the population of more than 75 million would fall to 31 million by 2094, and 47 percent of Iranians would be above the age of 60, said Mohamad Saleh Jokar, another lawmaker. (reuters.com)
  • MOSCOW - Low domestic birthrates and rising immigration from the former Soviet republics are producing explosive growth in Russia's Muslim community, which is on a track to account for more than half the population by midcentury. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Russia's overall population is dropping at a rate of 700,000 people a year, largely because of the short life spans and low birthrates of ethnic Russians. (washingtontimes.com)
  • According to the CIA World Factbook, the national fertility rate is 1.28 children per woman, far below what is needed to maintain the country's population of nearly 143 million. (washingtontimes.com)
  • To control for the effect of population size, analyses of fertility and mortality usually use rates. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A rate measures the number of times an event such as birth occurs in a given period of time divided by the population at risk to that event. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The period is usually a year, and the rate is usually expressed per 1,000 people in the population to eliminate the decimal point. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Its estimate of the population at risk to giving birth includes men, children, and postmenopausal women. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has urged the government to implement additional measures to improve the birth rate in Thailand, following a recent study detailing the impact of a shrinking population. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • European Union statistics put the rate at 1.2 children per woman in the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Latvia and Poland, far below the rate of 2.1 needed to maintain population. (nytimes.com)
  • You have labor problems, economic problems and steep rates of population decline. (nytimes.com)
  • Stage one - the total population is low but it is balanced due to high birth rates and high death rates. (scribd.com)
  • Stage two - the total population is starting to rise as death rates start to fall due to improvements in health care and sanitation but birth rates remain quite high. (scribd.com)
  • Stage three - the total population is still rising rapidly, but the gap between birth and death rates narrows due to fewer children needed to work in farming and the availability of contraception. (scribd.com)
  • Stage four - the total population is high, but it is balanced due to a low birth rate and a low death rate. (scribd.com)
  • Caused by an ageing population with very low birth rates due to many women choosing careers rather then families and expense of having a family putting many off. (scribd.com)
  • clarification needed] The birth rate (along with mortality and migration rates) is used to calculate population growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is equal to the rate of population change (excluding migration). (wikipedia.org)
  • The average global birth rate was 18.5 births per 1,000 total population in 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2012 the average global birth rate was 19.611 according to the World Bank and 19.15 births per 1,000 total population according to the CIA, compared to 20.09 per 1,000 total population in 2007. (wikipedia.org)
  • Demographic transition theory postulates that as a country undergoes economic development and social change its population growth declines, with birth rates serving as an indicator. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additional problems faced by a country with a high birth rate include educating a growing number of children, creating jobs for these children when they enter the workforce, and dealing with the environmental impact of a large population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Census figures show the national population is steadily shrinking, the first time that's happened in 90 years, due in large part to the declining birthrate. (pbs.org)
  • The current birthrates are well under the 2.1 rate needed to keep a population steady, according to Eurostat . (nytimes.com)
  • The drop follows a 2 percent fall in births that occurred between 2007 and 2008 , which pushed the nation's fertility rate below 2.1 per woman, meaning Americans were no longer giving birth to enough children to keep the population from declining. (opposingviews.com)
  • As a demographer-someone interested in human population dynamics-I wondered whether seasonal fluctuations in human birth rates could influence the epidemics of such acute immunizing diseases as measles, especially in places with both large birth rates and large seasonal fluctuations in the birth rates. (rwjf.org)
  • The reduction appears to be connected with the extensive use of mutation analysis in the general population-as the number of individuals screened with the CF carrier test progressively increased, CF birth incidence gradually and constantly decreased,' the researchers write. (news-medical.net)
  • The lack of a full rebound suggests that increased temperatures due to climate change may reduce population growth rates in the coming century," the authors wrote. (medindia.net)
  • In 2010, half of the births were to mothers of Latino heritage with a birth rate of 18.7 per 1,000 population. (ocweekly.com)
  • In 2002 low birthrates, along with slowed migration, contributed to the region's lowest rate of population growth since 1986. (sightline.org)
  • BC set its own record low birthrate of 9.7-below the Canadian level of 11 and in the range of such stable-population countries such as Japan, Germany, Italy, and Russia. (sightline.org)
  • However, Korean society faces a decline in its future population because of the continuously decreasing birth rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quantitative easing, which lowered interest rates to zero in the UK, affect an aging population less because older people do not depend on debt. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Wendy Chavkin, a professor of population and family health at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, said fertility rates rose in Scandinavian nations after better workplace policies such as paid maternity leave and flexible work timings were introduced. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Researchers hope the immigrants can teach them how to reduce the rates of prematurity in the general population. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • But more importantly, "this serves as a starting point for more targeted studies aimed at learning why the rate is different and how that can be applied to reduce prematurity in the general population. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • The Ohio investigators are also recruiting Somali women for studies they hope will reveal why they have the lowest rate here, and whether the rate persists as the population becomes acclimated to the United States. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Birthrates for 1950 to 1965 computed by ASPE staff from NCHS birth and Census population estimates. (hhs.gov)
  • For the first time, racial and ethnic minorities make up more than half the children born in the U.S. Blacks, who comprise about 12.3 percent of the population, have increased at a rate of about 1 percent each year. (blackdoctor.org)
  • Over the past 30 years, the birth rate in the United States has been steadily declining, and in 2019, there were 11.4 births per 1,000 of the population. (statista.com)
  • The numbers shown in this table show the typical use rates for the average population. (lmh.org)
  • Finland adopted the guidelines after a large-scale study of women's health records, published in 1997, found that the suicide rate among women who had undergone abortions in the prior year was three times higher compared to women in the general population and six times higher compared to women who gave birth. (lifenews.com)
  • Giving birth, on the other hand, was shown to reduce women's suicide risk compared to the general population. (lifenews.com)
  • But demographers warn the changing birth rate and population patterns may lead to a smaller workforce that will have to support more retirees, straining pension and health care systems. (ocregister.com)
  • Vietnam population, birth rate, etc. (countryreports.org)
  • Zhang referred to a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that said South Dakota is among the only states that have a fertility rate considered necessary to replace a population over time. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • Birth rates for Hispanic women are higher than rates for either non-Hispanic black women or non-Hispanic white women in every educational attainment category. (cdc.gov)
  • Among teens 15-19, the birth rate declined 9% in 2010 for non-Hispanic whites and non-Hispanic blacks, 12% for Hispanic and American Indian Alaska Native teens, and 13% for Asian Pacific Islander teens. (prnewswire.com)
  • The most startling birth rate drop he noted was among young Hispanic women ages 20-25. (deseretnews.com)
  • For many years in this field we saw that women who are Hispanic had really good birth outcomes - even in the face of some more challenges in terms of accessing care," said Verbiest. (wtvr.com)
  • The only group for which the birth rate substantially increased was among older Hispanic teens (18 to 19 years) -- rising to 140.8 in 2006 from 134.2 in 2004, Wingo and colleagues reported online in the Journal of Adolescent Health . (medpagetoday.com)
  • In terms of race, the authors noted that on birth certificates, race and Hispanic origin were not always mutually exclusive. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Compared with other groups, Hispanic teens' birth rate was second to non-Hispanic blacks among 10-to-14-year-olds from 1990 to 2006. (medpagetoday.com)
  • For 15-to-19-year-olds, however, non-Hispanic blacks started out with higher birth rates than Hispanics, but as overall birth rates declined, "these rankings reversed, and the Hispanic/non-Hispanic black differences widened," the authors wrote. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Black and Hispanic teen girls are about two to three times more likely to give birth than white teens, according to the report. (livescience.com)
  • In 2010, the birth rate among black and Hispanic teenagers was more than double that of whites. (nytimes.com)
  • Since the start of the Colorado Family Planning Initiative in late 2009, high school graduation rates statewide increased by nearly 2% among all women and by up to 5% among Hispanic women, the data showed. (upi.com)
  • The birth rate among Hispanic teens is the highest of any ethnic group with 70 births per 1,000 girls in 2009. (middletownpress.com)
  • Year after year, studies have found that non-Hispanic white women have the lowest preterm birth rate in Ohio, but new research found a different trend. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Somali immigrants had a 5.9 percent preterm birth rate in the state from 2000 to 2015 compared to 7.9 percent for U.S.-born, non-Hispanic white women, investigators from Nationwide Children's Hospital report. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Consistent with past studies, U.S.-born non-Hispanic black women had the highest rate, at 13 percent. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • But the rate remained about twice as high for Hispanic or black teens, when compared to white teens. (nbcnewyork.com)
  • The United States has the worst premature birth rate out of the 30 industrialized countries defined by the Convention on the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (msnbc.com)
  • Can Social Workers Lower The Country's Premature Birth Rate? (kbia.org)
  • These three factors contributed to a lower premature birth rate of 11.4% (compared to the 12.2% reported last year). (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • The United States (with a premature birth rate of 12.3%) received a "D" on the March of Dimes report card. (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • As a result, the researchers found, both teen births and overall abortion rates plummeted. (livescience.com)
  • However, although teen abortion rates declined slightly during the 2000s, those numbers "do not seem large enough to have an appreciable effect on teen birth rates," the investigators reported. (medpagetoday.com)
  • As a society, we want to reduce unintended pregnancies and abortion rates," explained Alina Salganicoff, director of women's health policy at the Kaiser Family Foundation, according to Fox Latino news. (digitaljournal.com)
  • In that group, free birth control dropped abortion rates by more than 62 percent and teen birth rates were about one sixth the national average, according to lead researcher Dr. Jeffrey Peipert, CBS St.Louis reported. (digitaljournal.com)
  • Congenital heart problems lead all other types of birth defects in Alaska, just as they do nationwide, the study reported. (mcclatchydc.com)
  • Alaska also posted higher than average rates of less common birth defects, such as cleft palates (two times the national average), fetal alcohol syndrome (four times the national average), and Hirschsprung's Disease, characterized by enlarged colons due to bowel obstructions (six times the national average). (mcclatchydc.com)
  • What Is Causing the High Rate of Fatal Birth Defects in Washington? (truth-out.org)
  • If someone has diabetes and it's not really well-controlled that could lead to birth defects," said Verbiest. (wtvr.com)
  • The arrival of Zika virus in Brazil doubled the rate of birth defects involving the nervous system, including microcephaly, researchers reported Wednesday. (nbcmiami.com)
  • Separately, the World Health Organization tweaked its statement on Zika and the rise in rates of birth defects and Guillain-Barré syndrome, saying the virus is the "most likely explanation" for both. (nbcmiami.com)
  • With chapters nationwide, the March of Dimes works to prevent birth defects, premature birth and infant mortality. (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • The number of cesarean births to women with no previous cesarean birth jumped 7 percent and the rate of vaginal births after previous cesarean delivery dropped 23 percent. (cdc.gov)
  • Researchers educated the women-ages 14 to 45, many of them poor or uninsured-about different kinds of birth control and gave them their choice of method at no cost. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • Looking at different windows of time, the researchers found that premature birth rates were down between 15 to 23%, neonatologist and lead study author Jasper Been told the New York Times . (yahoo.com)
  • I am very excited that other researchers are starting to include birth seasonality in their models in both developing and developed countries. (rwjf.org)
  • To get a long-term view of teen birth rates in the U.S., the researchers analyzed CDC data on all births from 1981 through 2006 to U.S. residents under age 20. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The researchers who analyzed the effects of Hurricane Hugo also examined divorce rates after 9/11 and found that the drop in filings couldn't be explained by interruptions to civil services. (slate.com)
  • The U.S. birthrate has increased yet again, now topping 4.3 million in 2007 -- a 1% jump over the previous year, researchers reported. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Seven industrialized nations, for example, had an infant mortality rate less than half the U.S. rate in 2006, the researchers wrote. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The rate has climbed by more than 50% over the last decade, a result of trends in the primary cesarean delivery rate and the rate of vaginal birth after cesarean delivery, the researchers wrote. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Fewer teenagers gave birth in 2010 than in any other year since 1946, government researchers announced last week, and there is good evidence that today's teenagers are initiating sex later and using birth control more consistently than previous generations did. (nytimes.com)
  • The rise in graduation rates has corresponded with a 14% decline in the percentage of female students not finishing high school compared to the period before the start of the initiative, the researchers said. (upi.com)
  • In addition to Somalis, the researchers broke out births by other African-born black women, whose prematurity rate was 8.4 percent over the 15 years. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Dr. Buhimschi's fellow researchers are now studying the birth records in other states that have large Somali immigrant populations, to see if the trend is consistent. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Rates of Guillain-Barré syndrome - a rare, paralyzing side-effect of some infections - nearly tripled, the researchers said. (nbcmiami.com)
  • Mika Gissler of the National Institute for Health and Welfare, who was the lead author of the 1997 study, led a team of researchers who examined health records to see if the suicide rate went down after the new guidelines were published. (lifenews.com)
  • The birth rate has largely been declining since the post-World War II baby boom, but that fall accelerated during the Great Recession, as high unemployment derailed many young people's plans to move out and start families. (cnn.com)
  • The youth unemployment rate stands at a staggering 35 percent, prompting young people to both hold off on starting a family and leave in search of work. (pbs.org)
  • Strong associations also were found between the magnitude of state-level birth rate change from 2007 to 2008, and the previous year's change in gross domestic product by state, as well as in first claims for unemployment benefits. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • 2 No correlation was found with change in state-level employment or unemployment rates. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • Health care providers everywhere have started asking what can be done about known risk factors for preterm birth like chronic unemployment, a stressful home life or depression that aren't so easily observed in the doctor's office. (kbia.org)
  • Houses were cheap, unemployment numbers were low and the fertility rate was at its highest. (taipeitimes.com)
  • The CDC said high unemployment rates, parents who have less education and high poverty levels are the reasons for the gap. (nbcnewyork.com)
  • For example, the fertility rate decreased among teenagers and women in their 20s, but rose slightly among those over age 30. (cnn.com)
  • Teenagers saw the sharpest drop, with a 5 percent decline in their birthrate. (nationalreview.com)
  • Interestingly enough, the study says nothing about that fact that the marriage rate among teenagers is also a lot higher in many of these states, which might help to further explain the link between religion and birth rate. (cafemom.com)
  • Birthrates increased among all age groups -- notably teenagers, who have seen a rise in pregnancies for the second year in a row, according to Melonie Heron, PhD, of the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics, and colleagues. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The rate was highest among American Indian and Alaska Native teenagers, up 12% between 2005 and 2007. (medpagetoday.com)
  • According to US National Center for Health Statistics data, teenagers giving birth dipped to an all-time low last year, dropping 10 percent to 26.5 per 1000, bringing down the overall rate. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Kearney and Phillip Levine's research titled "The Impact of MTV's 16 and Pregnant on Teen Childbearing" evoked controversy earlier this year for suggesting that reality TV shows about teen mothers contributed to a decline in teenagers giving birth. (taipeitimes.com)
  • In 2016, the total fertility rate for American women was 1,818 births per 1,000 women. (latimes.com)
  • The ages of women giving birth in the U.S. has been skewing older for several years, and that trend continued in 2016. (latimes.com)
  • Meanwhile, birthrates for women in their teens and 20s hit record lows in 2016. (latimes.com)
  • In 2016, the teen birth rate dropped 9 percent compared to the previous year, a new government report published Friday found. (wtvr.com)
  • Joyce A. Martin, a co-author of the report and lead statistician, also noted the declining rate of nonmarital births - births to people who aren't legally married - in 2016, which fell 3 percent compared to the previous year. (wtvr.com)
  • July 2, 2010 - Less medical intervention during planned home birth is associated with a tripling of the neonatal mortality rate vs planned hospital birth, according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis reported online first July 1 and will appear in the September 10 print issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology . (medscape.com)
  • Less medical intervention during planned home birth is associated with a tripling of the neonatal mortality rate," the study authors write. (medscape.com)
  • Our goal was to investigate the neonatal mortality rate and the mortality rate during the NICU stay for extremely low birth weight infants born in Japan in 2005. (aappublications.org)
  • The neonatal mortality rate and the mortality rate during the NICU stay were 13.0% and 17.0%, respectively, which were lower than 17.7% and 21.5% in the survey in 2000. (aappublications.org)
  • 1 - 3 The objectives of this study were to investigate the mortality rate of ELBW infants in 2005, to compare the data with those for previous years, and to elucidate factors influencing mortality rates. (aappublications.org)
  • The mortality rate per 1,000 births was 0.35 in the home birth group, 0.57 in hospital births attended by midwives, and 0.64 among those attended by physicians, according to the study. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Today's preliminary 2008 birth data, released by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), estimates that American women had 4,251,095 births, about 66,000 fewer than in 2007. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Compared with planned hospital births, fewer maternal interventions were associated with planned home births, including epidural analgesia, electronic fetal heart rate monitoring, episiotomy , and operative delivery. (medscape.com)
  • However, Culhane said that she's heard anecdotal reports of fewer preemies, so she's working on a study that will examine preemie rates in the U.S. (yahoo.com)
  • Such a gigantic beast doesn't exist, of course, but if it did, the metabolic theory of ecology predicts it would have offspring at an incredibly slow rate - fewer than two per lifetime, which is what we are seeing. (japantimes.co.jp)
  • Experts have for a while been voicing concerns about an impending demographic disaster that is largely due to women putting off giving birth to build their careers and, as a result, ending up having fewer kids than they originally planned. (bbj.hu)
  • Net reproductive rates fell from an average of three children per woman in 1860 to fewer than two in the modern era. (overcomingbias.com)
  • Looking ahead, state officials anticipate far fewer teen moms and, by 2040, higher rates of birth among women in their late 30s than women in their late 20s. (ocregister.com)
  • Birth control pills have a higher failure rate than these methods, because women have to remember to take a pill at the same time every day. (livescience.com)
  • But they all share birthrates that are far higher than Russia's ethnic Slavs, most of whom are Orthodox Christians. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Zimbabwe, a less-developed country with high fertility, has higher rates at all ages. (encyclopedia.com)
  • However Andrew Cherlin at Johns Hopkins University said that there was no need to be worried since the birth rate in US was higher than most of the wealthy countries. (medindia.net)
  • The birth rate is still higher than the birth rate in many wealthy countries and we also have many immigrants entering the country. (medindia.net)
  • LEDCs have higher birth rates than MEDCs. (scribd.com)
  • Perinatal mortality rates were similar for planned home and hospital births, but neonatal mortality rates were significantly higher with planned home births. (medscape.com)
  • Women in their early 40s were the only group with higher birth rates in 2017, up 2 percent from the year. (floridatoday.com)
  • It's all the more startling when you consider our county went into 2000 with a higher birth rate than the national and state averages. (ocweekly.com)
  • The racial differences among teen mothers remained the same through the entire study period, with black and American Indian/Alaska Native teens having higher birth rates than either white or Asian/Pacific Islander teens. (medpagetoday.com)
  • One recent study reported that more per capita funding for abstinence-only education programs significantly predicted higher state teen birth rates for whites and blacks, but not Hispanics. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Teen birth rates have decreased by 37 percent in the United States in the last two decades, though the U.S. rates are up to nine times higher than in other developed countries, including the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Canada, according to a new report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (livescience.com)
  • There are still parts of the country that more often focus on abstinence education, and those parts of the country have higher teen birth rates. (yesmagazine.org)
  • They also have higher rates of rural poverty, lack economic opportunities for young people and investment in family planning, he said. (yesmagazine.org)
  • Along with this policy and economic growth, the fertility rate declined because more married women pursued a higher standard of living rather than raising children. (wikipedia.org)
  • The natural sex ratio at birth is around 105 males to 100 females, so anything higher indicates sex-selective abortion. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the same time period, birth rates for higher income women in Washington remained stable. (wa.gov)
  • Not only has she had one crisis after another, but nearly everything about her life-her income, her race, even her zipcode- puts her at higher risk for giving birth too early. (kbia.org)
  • O ther factors include her depression, her low income, and the fact that she's African-American (the preterm birth rate for black women is about 60 percent higher than for white women). (kbia.org)
  • Is the boom simply the indirect consequence of mass immigration, due to a higher birthrate among immigrants? (standpointmag.co.uk)
  • Eastern European birthrates tend to be lower than in Britain, so it seems likely that the higher fertility of mothers born abroad is largely explained by the Muslim factor. (standpointmag.co.uk)
  • We don't know why, but historically the United States has a higher rate of premature births than other developed countries," says Dr. Buhimschi, who is also a professor of Pediatrics and Obstetrics/Gynecology at the Ohio State University College of Medicine. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • Besides the Finland study, large record-based studies from the United States and Denmark have found that overall death rates were higher among women following abortion compared to those among women who had given birth. (lifenews.com)
  • These high rates are significantly higher than the 15% cesarean birth rate recommended by the World Health Organization, and thousands of elective cesarean births are performed each year. (nursingcenter.com)
  • Strategies for reversing this trend for higher cesarean birth rates include hospital second opinion policies, better education of women of childbearing age regarding potential risks and benefits, and informed consent. (nursingcenter.com)
  • Birth rates also vary by race and ethnicity. (cdc.gov)
  • This year the foundation added a fourth factor to analyze preterm birth rates by race and ethnicity because of concern about healthcare inequalities. (msnbc.com)
  • While overall fertility rates have fallen, trends vary by age, race and ethnicity. (cnn.com)
  • The birthrate continued to taper off for women in their 40s, with 11.4 birth per 1,000 women between the ages of 40 and 44 and 0.9 births per 1,000 women ages 45 and up. (latimes.com)
  • Married at 15, she gave birth to her first child less than a year later. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Although the United States' preterm birth rate decreased for the sixth consecutive year, a new report gives the nation a "C" grade. (cnn.com)
  • The 2012 preterm birth rate dropped to 11.5%, a 15-year low, according to the March of Dimes Premature Birth Report Card . (cnn.com)
  • The United States received a "C" grade for preterm birth rates and ranks behind other developed countries despite the number dropping for the sixth consecutive year. (msnbc.com)
  • The rate rose again in 2007 by 1 percent over the prior year to 42.5 births per 1,000 girls aged 15-19. (reuters.com)
  • The continuing recession is not only having an adverse effect on the economic life in the US but also on the social life after stats showed that the national birth rate dropped for a second successive year. (medindia.net)
  • It marked the fifth year in a row the U.S. birth rate has declined, and the lowest rate on record since the government started tracking the fertility rate in 1909. (cnn.com)
  • As of last year, a separate CDC analysis shows an American woman will give birth to an average of 1.88 children over her lifetime, also a record low. (cnn.com)
  • Demographers have told her that fertility rates usually rise a year or two after a recession ends. (deseretnews.com)
  • According to the NESDB, Thailand has to maintain the birth rate at 500,000 per year to keep the country's economy and manpower afloat. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • America's teen birthrate fell in 2008, ending a two-year upward trend, the federal government said in a report released Tuesday morning. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The provisional report, based on a review of more than 99 percent of the birth certificates filed nationwide, counted 3.853 million births last year. (floridatoday.com)
  • There were six abortions a year for every 1,000 women in the project, compared with the national rate of almost 20 in 1,000. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • There's not yet any data about preemie rates in the United States this year. (yahoo.com)
  • The birth rate dropped for the second year in a row since the recession began in 2007. (opposingviews.com)
  • Although CF birth incidence decreased over time in the whole area under study, the number of new CF cases identified each year decreased only slightly in the western region, with its limited carrier testing, and decreased significantly in the eastern region, with its intensive screening of couples of reproductive age. (news-medical.net)
  • The provisional report, released Wednesday and based on more than 99% of U.S. birth records, found 3.788 million births last year. (wesh.com)
  • Orange County started with a lower adolescent birth rate of 38.3 in 2000 and has experienced the largest drop of 42 percent for a 10-year low of 22.4 births per 1,000 females 15-19 years of age. (ocweekly.com)
  • Even older women, those between the ages of 40 and 44, showed a swelling increase of 4 percent over 2015 - the highest rate for this group since 1966, according to the statisticians, while the rate of birth for women who are older than 45 is also a record high though the number of births remains essentially unchanged compared to last year. (wtvr.com)
  • In 2006, for instance, the birth rate among 15-to-19-year-olds was 41.9 in the U.S. -- compared with just 28.1 in New Zealand and 26.7 in the U.K. -- two other countries with teen birth rates generally considered to be high. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Between 2009 and 2017, the rate of 18.8 was down an average of 50 percent among 15- to 19-year-olds. (yesmagazine.org)
  • The study found that the frozen sperm's survival rate after thawing did decline over the 15-year study period - from 85 per cent to 74 per cent survival. (newscientist.com)
  • In 22 of these 25 states, the birth rate - the share of women of childbearing age who gave birth - declined or leveled off in 2008, compared with the previous year. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • The nation's birth rate grew each year from 2003 to 2007, and has declined since then. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • This analysis focuses on birth rate changes in 2008, the year after the national recession began. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • Strong associations were found between the magnitude of state-level birth rate change from 2007 to 2008 and the magnitude the previous year of per capita income change and housing price change. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • Among the 25 states, Arizona's birth rate declined more than 4% in 2008 compared with the previous year, the largest change of the 25. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • Florida, which had the fourth-largest decline in birth rates among the 25 states in 2008, had a 0.5% decline in per capita income the previous year and a 2% foreclosure rate, both of which ranked worst among the this group of states. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • The good news is that overall the United States bumped its grade up from a "D" to a "C" when it comes to reducing the rates of prematurity, and there's been a three-year improvement. (cafemom.com)
  • The study finds that birth rates for Washington women on welfare decreased by nearly 30 percent from Fiscal Year 1994 to Fiscal Year 2000. (wa.gov)
  • A lack of access to reliable birth control is a major factor behind the three million unplanned pregnancies in the United States every year. (digitaljournal.com)
  • In other words, if the same results were replicated across the United States, free birth control could prevent 1,060,370 unplanned pregnancies and 873,250 abortions a year, AFP said. (digitaljournal.com)
  • It was a 6 percent decline from the previous year, and the lowest since health officials started tracking the rate in 1940. (middletownpress.com)
  • The C-section rate has been rising every year since 1996. (middletownpress.com)
  • This 2005 rate of 35.4 per thousand is lower than in any other year since 1969, the first year in which data on Black women were collected. (hhs.gov)
  • For the 18 to 19 year olds, the rate increased from 8.5 births per thousand unmarried teens in 1950 to 55.7 births per thousand unmarried teens in 1994. (hhs.gov)
  • The annual growth rates for Hispanics and Asians fell sharply last year to just over 2 percent, roughly half the rates in 2000 and the lowest in more than a decade. (blackdoctor.org)
  • 10 extremely low birth weight infants were admitted per year, and no prenatal maternal transfer. (aappublications.org)
  • This report studies the characteristics and performance of newly established Canadian firms - including new firms birth rates, survival rates and employment levels - at their year of entry into the Canadian economy and for up to ten subsequent years. (gc.ca)
  • Last year, the state reached a historic milestone: the lowest birth rate on record - 12.4 births per thousand people. (ocregister.com)
  • The American Community Survey samples about 3 million households each year in every U.S. county and Puerto Rico municipios, and Abramowitz combed the survey to find instances of women who had given birth in the last year. (umich.edu)
  • A three-year fall in the birth rate in France is threatening its title as Europe's most fertile nation, and government policies are being blamed. (sott.net)
  • wondered Le Monde after the national statistical office released figures showing that the birth rate, which began falling in 2015, fell another 2.1 per cent last year to an average of 1.88 children per woman compared with 2.0 in 2014 . (sott.net)
  • The rate for Britain last year was 1.87. (sott.net)
  • In Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, it is estimated that the low cesarean birth rate among women living in poverty contributes to 80,000 maternal deaths each year. (nursingcenter.com)
  • Teenage birth rates in the U.S. seem to be holding fairly steady after years of decline -- with an upswing among Hispanics, according to a study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (medpagetoday.com)
  • When Hispanics first came here, they had low preterm birth rates but over time, their rates climbed," Dr. Buhimschi says. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • The national teen birth rate declined 41 percent between 2006 to 2014 - and dropped by 51 percent among Hispanics, 44 percent among blacks and 35 percent among whites. (nbcnewyork.com)
  • The U.S.'s preterm birth rate is the highest among industrialized countries, according to the March of Dimes. (cnn.com)
  • A premature birth costs businesses about 12 times as much as uncomplicated healthy birth," March of Dimes President Dr. Jennifer L. Howse said in a statement. (cnn.com)
  • The preterm birth rate peaked at 12.8% in 2006 after rising for more than two decades, according to the March of Dimes. (cnn.com)
  • We would like to see them go down at a faster rate, but we are pleased," Dr. Edward McCabe, chief medical officer of March of Dimes Foundation, told msnbc. (msnbc.com)
  • The March of Dimes charity said pre-term birth is the leading cause of newborn deaths in the United States, with early births costing more than $26 billion annually. (reuters.com)
  • As November is Prematurity Awareness Month , the March of Dimes today released its annual prematurity birth report card . (cafemom.com)
  • DENVER--( BUSINESS WIRE )-- Premature birth in Colorado has declined along with three key contributing factors, it was reported today by the March of Dimes in its annual assessment, the Premature Birth Report Card. (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • Throughout November, the March of Dimes seeks to draw attention to the seriousness of premature birth, which has been called the biggest threat to a baby's health. (fiercehealthcare.com)
  • There have been multiple observational studies that have assessed the probability that a woman who undertakes a trial of labor after a previous cesarean delivery will have a vaginal birth. (nih.gov)
  • Women who gave birth at home were less likely to need interventions or to have problems such as vaginal tearing or hemorrhaging. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Reasons postulated to contribute to this include avoidance of what some women think is an increased risk of incontinence and sexual dysfunction after vaginal births, the perceived safety and convenience of elective cesareans, avoidance of the pain and fatigue associated with labor, potential liability issues in vaginal births, provider preference, and the convenience of giving birth on schedule. (nursingcenter.com)
  • On the other hand, in developing countries (especially in rural areas and among poor, uninsured women), the recommended lower limit for cesarean births is 5% to 10% in order to avoid high rates of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity from obstetrical complications of vaginal births, because many of these areas do not have the resources to manage high-risk pregnancies. (nursingcenter.com)
  • Birth rates for women in their 20s and early 30s were generally down while births to older mothers (35-44) were still on the rise. (cdc.gov)
  • Birth rate patterns also vary greatly by mothers age. (cdc.gov)
  • So, "contrary to the doomsday projections that this statistic is likely to evoke," the big story may not be that there's some continuing escalation of unmarried mothers giving births but that the birth rates to married couples have fallen, she said. (washingtontimes.com)
  • the rate for white mothers is 11 percent. (rwjf.org)
  • Some (including those of Italy and Malaysia) seek to increase the birth rate with financial incentives or provision of support services to new mothers. (wikipedia.org)
  • If they close this hospital, some mothers would end up giving birth on the side of the road. (pbs.org)
  • The birthrate for single mothers peaked in 2007 and 2008, at 51.8 births per 1,000 unmarried women of childbearing age. (latimes.com)
  • Incentives on the table include expanding the range of family tax benefits, mothers entitlement to maternity' pay would be extended to encourage women who have recently given birth to conceive again shortly afterwards and there are also plans to waive at least part of the total student loans that now cover tuition fees as an encouragement to bear children at a younger age. (bbj.hu)
  • After the economic crisis in 1997, the fertility rate declined rapidly. (wikipedia.org)
  • The trend of decreasing birth rates for women on welfare began before welfare reform was implemented in July 1997. (wa.gov)
  • There has also been discussion on whether bringing women into the forefront of development initiatives will lead to a decline in birth rates. (wikipedia.org)
  • We found that additional days above 27 degrees Celsius caused a large decline in birth rates approximately eight to 10 months later," the authors noted. (medindia.net)
  • This dynamic adjustment helps explain the observed decline in birth rates during the spring and subsequent increase during the summer. (medindia.net)
  • Pressure on workers to remain employed is also likely to lead to stresses on families, and possible declines in birth rates. (edu.au)
  • Other countries are seeing similar declines in birth rates. (adn.com)
  • WASHINGTON , Nov. 17, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The U.S. teen birth rate declined 9% in 2010 and is now at the lowest level ever reported, according to data released today by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). (prnewswire.com)
  • The U.S. birth rate fell to the lowest level since national data have been available, reports the latest Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) birth statistics released today by HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson. (cdc.gov)
  • The study, based on an analysis of 1994 birth certificates, found a direct relationship between years of education and birth rates, with the highest birth rates among women with the lowest educational attainment. (cdc.gov)
  • The abortion rate is the lowest it has been since 1973. (freep.com)
  • Numbers released Wednesday show 2011 had the lowest birth rate in United States history. (deseretnews.com)
  • Teen birth rates fell to 31.3 per 1,000, the lowest since 1940. (deseretnews.com)
  • The birth rate for those ages 25-29, at 107.2 per 1,000, is the lowest since 1976. (deseretnews.com)
  • Thailand, with the fertility rate of 1.6 births per woman aged 15 to 49 in 2010, which is already among the lowest fertility rates in Asean, is expect to see that rate drop to 1.3 births by 2040. (nationmultimedia.com)
  • The result is birthrates that are the lowest in the world - and the lowest sustained rates in history. (nytimes.com)
  • Without significant improvement, the region is trending toward some of the lowest birthrates in the world , which will accelerate stress on pension and welfare systems and crimp growth as a shrinking work force competes with the rest of Europe and the world. (nytimes.com)
  • Here's the latest economic indicator: The U.S. birth rate has fallen to its lowest level in at least a century as many people apparently decided they couldn't afford more mouths to feed. (opposingviews.com)
  • No duh: The retirement community of Laguna Woods had the lowest birth rate of 0.3 per 1,000 residents. (ocweekly.com)
  • While the teen birth rate across the state was the lowest in history, the teen birth rate in Worcester increased 12 percent, according to the latest birth report issued by the state Department of Public Health on Monday. (telegram.com)
  • or 17.1 births per 1,000 women from 15 to 19 years old, which is the lowest teen birth rate ever recorded, according to the DPH. (telegram.com)
  • From 2009 to 2010, the rate of teenage births fell by 9 percent, to 34.9 per thousand, the lowest rate ever reported in the 65 years for which data is available. (nytimes.com)
  • In a pattern that has persisted for many years, rates were highest in the South and Southwest, and lowest in the Northeast and Upper Midwest. (nytimes.com)
  • A version of this article appears in print on 04/17/2012, on page D 5 of the NewYork edition with the headline: Teenage Birth Rate Is Lowest Since 1946. (nytimes.com)
  • Natural increase is at the lowest rate for the region since the 1930s, driven by a decades-long tapering of birthrates. (sightline.org)
  • BC also has the lowest total fertility rate in the region. (sightline.org)
  • its growth in per capita income growth was the largest among these states, and its 2007 foreclosure rate was the second lowest among the 25 states. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • ATLANTA (AP) -- The U.S. teen birth rate in 2009 fell to its lowest point in almost 70 years of record-keeping -- a decline that stunned experts who believe it's partly due to the recession. (middletownpress.com)
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander women saw the highest birth rate in 2019 among all ethnicities, and Asian women both saw the lowest birth rate. (statista.com)
  • Those two cities had the highest birth rates with 19.2 births per 1,000 residents in Santa Ana and 16.3 births per 1,000 residents in Anaheim. (ocweekly.com)
  • Ireland still has the highest birth rate in the European Union, according to a new ESRI report. (rte.ie)
  • the total cesarean delivery rate of 26.1 percent was the highest level ever reported in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Among women in their twenties - the peak childbearing ages - and women in their forties, birth rates are highest for women with the least education. (cdc.gov)
  • For women with college degrees, rates are highest for those in their early thirties, perhaps signaling the preferred time for childbearing by this group. (cdc.gov)
  • However, the report cautions, America's preterm birth rate remains the highest among industrialized countries. (cnn.com)
  • So which state has the highest rate of teen births? (cafemom.com)
  • Does it make sense that the most religious states would have the highest rates of teens giving birth? (cafemom.com)
  • Guttmacher said Maryland had the fourth-highest abortion rate in 1996, perhaps explaining why it ranked 13th in pregnancies and 30th in birth rate. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The rise in the number of births for older teens helped push Oklahoma from 6th to 5th highest teen birth rate overall. (newson6.com)
  • Birth rates for women 30 and older hit their highest levels since the 1960s, and women in their early 30s had the highest birthrate of any age group. (latimes.com)
  • Those were the highest birthrates for those age groups since 1966 and 1963, respectively. (latimes.com)
  • For women between the ages of 30 and 34, the birth rate increased by 1 percent over 2015 - the highest rate for this age group since 1964. (wtvr.com)
  • The birth rate for women who are between 35 and 39 is up 2 percent over 2015, representing the highest rate since 1962. (wtvr.com)
  • Southbridge, despite having the fifth-highest teen birth rate in the state, showed a decline in the overall number of teen births. (telegram.com)
  • At the same time, Wingo and colleagues authors noted that the U.S. still has the highest rate of teen births among developed countries. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Birth rates in the United States began to decline in 2008 after rising to their highest level in two decades, and the decrease appears to be linked to the recession, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of state fertility and economic data. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • These children alone would be enough to give Britain the highest birthrate in Europe. (standpointmag.co.uk)
  • That's the highest rate for that group since 1967. (middletownpress.com)
  • Along with their low preterm rate, Somali women had the highest post-term birth rate at 5.8 percent compared to less than 1 percent for the other groups, the study found. (nationwidechildrens.org)
  • families making between 15,000 and 24,999 U.S. dollars annually had the highest birth rate of any income bracket in the States. (statista.com)
  • South Dakota has the highest fertility rate," she said. (publicnewsservice.org)
  • Elective primary cesarean birth rates are among the highest in the world in Latin America, with a reported rate of 80% to 90% in white, insured women who give birth in private hospitals. (nursingcenter.com)
  • The cesarean delivery rate declined during the late 1980s through the mid-1990s but has been on the rise since 1996. (cdc.gov)
  • In 2015, the Chinese government reformed its infamous "one-child policy" to allow two births for most couples, hoping that it would address a looming demographic crisis by boosting the nation's birthrate. (chinadigitaltimes.net)
  • Demographic Intelligence, a firm that forecasts birth rates for clients like Disney ( DIS ) , Fisher-Price, Gerber and Procter & Gamble ( PG ) , predicts the birth rate will rise in 2013, to 1.9 children per woman. (cnn.com)
  • As countries begin to feel the demographic crunch, Europe's birth dearth is becoming a political issue. (nytimes.com)
  • Culture Campaign reports on a new study from Northwestern University which "compar[ed] the birth rates of abortion advocates to the rest of Americans " and "conclude[d] that the shift in public opinion from pro-choice to pro-life since Roe v. Wade is the result of a demographic shift: Pro-abortion women don't have as many children, or perhaps none. (jillstanek.com)
  • Falling birth rate: Demographic transition or disaster? (bbj.hu)
  • That rate was 12.3 for Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside and San Bernardino counties and a Southern California News Group analysis of state projections shows the region's rate could fall another 24 percent by 2040. (ocregister.com)
  • Country or regional comparisons of cesarean birth rates are challenging because of varying types of data available, but overall rates are estimated to vary from 2.9% in Sub-Saharan Africa to 26.3% in Southeast Asia ( Stanton & Holtz, 2006 ). (nursingcenter.com)
  • Differences in rates have been found in Greek public and private hospitals and in South Korea, where a study reported that providers and the healthcare system contribute to high cesarean birth rates rather than maternal demand. (nursingcenter.com)
  • In Sao Paulo, Brazil, 59 private hospitals have cesarean birth rates over 80%, and women at 38 weeks' gestation are scheduled for a collective cesarean "surgical day. (nursingcenter.com)
  • We know that there are no reductions in maternal and neonatal mortality when the cesarean birth rate is above 15%, yet globally these rates are escalating and birthing units are becoming surgical suites for more than one-third of women giving birth. (nursingcenter.com)
  • The birth rate fell to 43 births per 1,000 females 15-19 years of age in 2002, a 5-percent decline from 2001 and a 28-percent decline from 1990. (cdc.gov)
  • Births to women 20-24 fell 3 percent from 2010 to 2011 and the birth rate dropped 5 percent. (deseretnews.com)
  • The new NCHS report also showed that the birth rate among unmarried women fell slightly (52.9 births per 1,000 single women in 2007 and 52.0 births per 1,000 in 2008). (washingtontimes.com)
  • Perhaps most surprising, birth rates for women in their 30s fell slightly, dipping 2 percent for women ages 30 to 34 and 1 percent for women 35 to 39. (floridatoday.com)
  • Birthrates fell or held steady for women of all ages except those in their early 40s. (nationalreview.com)
  • Women in their 20s were responsible for the bulk of last year's births - 1,950,642 of them - even as their birthrates fell to record lows. (latimes.com)
  • During the same time, the abortion rate fell by about 64 percent. (yesmagazine.org)
  • In 16 states, the rate fell more than 20 percent. (nytimes.com)
  • During the first five years of the program, use of these birth control options statewide increased by nearly 17%, and teen birth rates fell by up to 18%, based on earlier research findings . (upi.com)
  • Fertility rates among California women under 29 fell from 1990 to 2015, most sharply by 74 percent among teens 15 to 19, according to state Department of Finance data. (ocregister.com)
  • The uninsured rate for women fell from 20.1% to 19.8% and it's likely to drop further with the enactment of the Affordable Care Act. (allgov.com)
  • ANN ARBOR-When young women were able to better access birth control as part of their parents' insurance plans, a provision of the Affordable Care Act, the abortion rate in this age group fell by about 10 percent. (umich.edu)
  • When women ages 20-24 were able to stay on their parents' insurance, the rate of abortions in this age group fell by between 9 and 14 percent compared to women who weren't able to access that eligibility. (umich.edu)
  • In order to do reduce preterm birth rates, and to reduce differences in care across NHS England, new guidelines, 'Reducing Preterm Birth' [2019], have been developed by the UK Preterm Clinical Network. (tommys.org)
  • Women who delivered at home had lower rates of lacerations, hemorrhage, and infections, and their offspring had lower rates of prematurity, low birth weight , and assisted newborn ventilation. (medscape.com)
Antibiotics - The Telegraph