Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.
Abnormal placentation in which the PLACENTA implants in the lower segment of the UTERUS (the zone of dilation) and may cover part or all of the opening of the CERVIX. It is often associated with serious antepartum bleeding and PREMATURE LABOR.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
Abnormal placentation in which all or parts of the PLACENTA are attached directly to the MYOMETRIUM due to a complete or partial absence of DECIDUA. It is associated with POSTPARTUM HEMORRHAGE because of the failure of placental separation.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).
Swollen veins in the lower part of the RECTUM or ANUS. Hemorrhoids can be inside the anus (internal), under the skin around the anus (external), or protruding from inside to outside of the anus. People with hemorrhoids may or may not exhibit symptoms which include bleeding, itching, and pain.
The surgical removal of HEMORRHOIDS.
A fetal heart structure that is the bulging areas in the cardiac septum between the HEART ATRIA and the HEART VENTRICLES. During development, growth and fusion of endocardial cushions at midline forms the two atrioventricular canals, the sites for future TRICUSPID VALVE and BICUSPID VALVE.
A spectrum of septal defects involving the ATRIAL SEPTUM; VENTRICULAR SEPTUM; and the atrioventricular valves (TRICUSPID VALVE; BICUSPID VALVE). These defects are due to incomplete growth and fusion of the ENDOCARDIAL CUSHIONS which are important in the formation of two atrioventricular canals, site of future atrioventricular valves.
Application of a ligature to tie a vessel or strangulate a part.
A gland in males that surrounds the neck of the URINARY BLADDER and the URETHRA. It secretes a substance that liquefies coagulated semen. It is situated in the pelvic cavity behind the lower part of the PUBIC SYMPHYSIS, above the deep layer of the triangular ligament, and rests upon the RECTUM.
A technique of closing incisions and wounds, or of joining and connecting tissues, in which staples are used as sutures.
A nitrogen mustard linked to estradiol, usually as phosphate; used to treat prostatic neoplasms; also has radiation protective properties.
A group of alkylating agents derived from mustard gas, with the sulfur replaced by nitrogen. They were formerly used as toxicants and vesicants, but now function as antineoplastic agents. These compounds are also powerful mutagens, teratogens, immunosuppressants, and carcinogens.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
Antineoplastic agents that are used to treat hormone-sensitive tumors. Hormone-sensitive tumors may be hormone-dependent, hormone-responsive, or both. A hormone-dependent tumor regresses on removal of the hormonal stimulus, by surgery or pharmacological block. Hormone-responsive tumors may regress when pharmacologic amounts of hormones are administered regardless of whether previous signs of hormone sensitivity were observed. The major hormone-responsive cancers include carcinomas of the breast, prostate, and endometrium; lymphomas; and certain leukemias. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual 1994, p2079)
The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
A cyclodecane isolated from the bark of the Pacific yew tree, TAXUS BREVIFOLIA. It stabilizes MICROTUBULES in their polymerized form leading to cell death.
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
Anemia characterized by a decrease in the ratio of the weight of hemoglobin to the volume of the erythrocyte, i.e., the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration is less than normal. The individual cells contain less hemoglobin than they could have under optimal conditions. Hypochromic anemia may be caused by iron deficiency from a low iron intake, diminished iron absorption, or excessive iron loss. It can also be caused by infections or other diseases, therapeutic drugs, lead poisoning, and other conditions. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Miale, Laboratory Medicine: Hematology, 6th ed, p393)
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.
Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
The formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) within a vein.
Mechanical devices inserted in the inferior vena cava that prevent the migration of blood clots from deep venous thrombosis of the leg.
Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.
Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.
An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
An imprecise term referring to dementia associated with CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS, including CEREBRAL INFARCTION (single or multiple), and conditions associated with chronic BRAIN ISCHEMIA. Diffuse, cortical, and subcortical subtypes have been described. (From Gerontol Geriatr 1998 Feb;31(1):36-44)
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
In humans retosiban prolongs pregnancy and reduces preterm birth. Intravenous administration of retosiban in women with ... This has been used to prevent preterm labour and premature birth. Retosiban has been shown to be an effective tocolytic. By ...
... preventing the expansion necessary for prolonged pregnancy. This however apparently did not prevent large litter sizes; ... Kayentatherium is now known to have given birth to litters of 38 undeveloped young, a considerably higher number than living ...
Deficiency of riboflavin during pregnancy can result in birth defects including congenital heart defects and limb deformities. ... Prolonged riboflavin insufficiency is also known to cause degeneration of the liver and nervous system. The stomatitis symptoms ... RDA for pregnancy is 1.4 mg/day. RDA for lactation is 1.6 mg/day. For infants up to 12 months the Adequate Intake (AI) is 0.3- ... PRI for pregnancy is 1.9 mg/day, for lactation 2.0 mg/day. For children ages 1-14 years the PRIs increase with age from 0.6 to ...
... prolonged straining, ascites, an intra-abdominal mass, or pregnancy), genetics, an absence of valves within the hemorrhoidal ... The birth of the baby also leads to increased intra-abdominal pressures. Pregnant women rarely need surgical treatment, as ... During pregnancy, pressure from the fetus on the abdomen and hormonal changes cause the hemorrhoidal vessels to enlarge. ... Hemorrhoids are also more common during pregnancy. Diagnosis is made by looking at the area. Many people incorrectly refer to ...
It is often recognized during the second trimester of pregnancy, between 18 and 24 weeks' gestation. Without life-prolonging ... 2010). "Updated National Birth Prevalence estimates for selected birth defects in the United States, 2004-2006". Birth Defects ... HLHS occurs in an estimated 1 out of 4,300 live births in the United States, or an estimated total of 960 live births per year ... HLHS often co-occurs with low birth weight and premature birth. In neonates with a small atrial septal defect, termed " ...
The first six wives soon give birth to daughters, but Nyamwindo, the seventh wife, endures a prolonged pregnancy. This prevents ... Shemwindo soon learns of the birth and tries to kill the boy in several ways. First he throws seven consecutive spears, which ...
The prolonged arrest of human oocytes prior to completion of meiosis I may therefore result in considerable loss of cohesin ... It is the leading cause of pregnancy wastage and is the most common known cause of mental retardation. It is well documented ... The incidence of XYY syndrome is approximately 1 in 800-1000 male births. Many cases remain undiagnosed because of their normal ... Due to the prolonged arrest of human oocytes, weakening of cohesive ties holding together chromosomes and reduced activity of ...
... were aware of her pregnancy and the subsequent birth. She had used poor health to explain her prolonged visit to Switzerland, ... In 1811, at an unspecified inn in Switzerland, close to Lake Geneva, Hortense secretly gave birth to a son by de Flahaut, ... Hortense cleverly disguised her pregnancy (she was, by then, in her sixth month) during the baptism of Napoléon's son, Napoléon ...
A review of pregnancy outcomes in women with acrodermatitis enteropathica, reported that out of every seven pregnancies, there ... Animal studies indicate that maternal zinc deficiency can upset both the sequencing and efficiency of the birth process. An ... Zinc deficiency can be classified as acute, as may occur during prolonged inappropriate zinc-free total parenteral nutrition; ... RDA for pregnancy is 11 mg/day. RDA for lactation is 12 mg/day. For infants up to 12 months the RDA is 3 mg/day. For children ...
The birth of each COLA was heralded by bizarre weather phenomena, ranging anywhere from heatwaves to localized blizzards in ... However, living on another planet puts one into contact with all sorts of unfamiliar viruses, and prolonged exposure ultimately ... but the physical changes brought about by pregnancy weakened their immune systems. Therefore, all of the Seeder women fell ill ... The birth of these children caused another cleftonique aftershock. ...
Deficiency of riboflavin during pregnancy can result in birth defects including congenital heart defects[13] and limb ... Riboflavin deficiency prolongs recovery from malaria,[15] despite preventing growth of plasmodium (the malaria parasite).[16] ... "Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology. 85 (9): 773-779. doi:10.1002/bdra.20587. PMID 19350655.. ... RDA for pregnancy is 1.4 mg/day. RDA for lactation is 1.6 mg/day. For infants up to 12 months the Adequate Intake (AI) is 0.3- ...
Infection with U. urealyticum in pregnancy and birth can be complicated by chorioamnionitis, stillbirth, premature birth, and, ... Infection in the newborn is accompanied by a strong immune response and is correlated with the need for prolonged mechanical ... U. urealyticum has been found to be present in amniotic fluid in women who have had a premature birth with intact fetal ... It can be passed from mother to infant during birth, or be sexually transmitted. Ureaplasma urealyticum can found in a majority ...
Shortly after, Clarisse finds herself with child, but fears her pregnancy, and with good reason as the queen dies giving birth ... Florent goes into prolonged mourning, ignoring his kingly and fatherly duties, and refusing to remarry despite the insistence ...
Use in the third trimester of pregnancy may result in a movement disorder in the baby for some time after birth. Quetiapine is ... Other side effects include low blood pressure with standing, seizures, a prolonged erection, high blood sugar, tardive ...
From her first pregnancy, at the age of eighteen, Maria II faced problems in giving birth, with prolonged and extremely ... the sovereign became obese and her births became even more complicated. In 1847, the fetal distress that preceded the birth of ... She was titled Princess of Beira upon her birth. Born in Brazil, Maria was the only European monarch to have been born outside ... In accordance with Portuguese law, Ferdinand received the title of king upon the birth of their first child and heir, Peter. In ...
After a prolonged hospitalization, she gave birth prematurely to twin sons named Steven and Timothy in October 1999, after 26 ... weeks of pregnancy. Both infants died shortly after. She used the experience to write her first book, A Different Kind of ...
... prolonged straining, ascites, an intra-abdominal mass, or pregnancy), genetics, an absence of valves within the hemorrhoidal ... The birth of the baby also leads to increased intra-abdominal pressures.[16] Pregnant women rarely need surgical treatment, as ... During pregnancy, pressure from the fetus on the abdomen and hormonal changes cause the hemorrhoidal vessels to enlarge. ... Flavonoids are of questionable benefit, with potential side effects.[2][24] Symptoms usually resolve following pregnancy; thus ...
Her prolonged pregnancy is pointed out by Peter in the season four episode "Blind Ambition". Joe temporarily leaves her in " ... In "Ocean's Three and a Half", she finally gives birth to a daughter named Susie at the age of 45. In "The Hand That Rocks The ... In "The King Is Dead", it was revealed that her birth name was Diane Seidelman. She and fellow anchor Tom Tucker often traded ...
While the marsupials continued to give birth to an underdeveloped fetus after a short pregnancy, the ancestors of placental ... mammals gradually evolved a prolonged pregnancy. Therian mammals no longer have the coracoid bone, contrary to their cousins, ... The marsupials and the placental mammals evolved from a common therian ancestor that gave live birth by suppressing the ... Ancient "genomic parasites" spurred evolution of pregnancy in mammals SUMIYAMA K; MIYAKE T; GRIMWOOD J; STUART A; DICKSON M; ...
... in this area so it is unclear whether the risk scoring systems would prolong pregnancy and reduce the numbers of preterm births ... Preterm birth (PTB), also known as premature birth, is the birth of a baby at fewer than 37 weeks' gestational age, as opposed ... Preterm birth complicates the births of infants worldwide affecting 5% to 18% of births. In Europe and many developed countries ... of preterm birth. Pregnancies after IVF confers a greater risk of preterm birth than spontaneous conceptions after more than 1 ...
Fetal alcohol syndrome or FAS is a birth defect that occurs in the offspring of women who drink alcohol during pregnancy. More ... Sexual functions Prolonged use of alcohol has been known to impair the nervous system, heart, liver and the reproductive organs ... Social effects Prolonged excessive use are known to induce many hard to treat conditions like depression, impulsive decision ... on the unborn Women who continue to consume alcohol during pregnancy are highly likely to have offspring that have birth ...
Jenny gave premature birth to her tiny baby about the same time Katrina gave birth to her own healthy baby. When Karen and ... She was also held hostage by two escaped convicts for a prolonged period. Tragically, she died of a brain aneurysm in 1973, ... Merrie went through her own extremely difficult pregnancy, but successfully delivered twins, a son Danny (who would eventually ... grow up to be a doctor as well) and a daughter who died at birth. She suffered from post-partum depression. ...
Without publicly funded contraceptive services, the rates of unintended pregnancies, unplanned births and abortions would have ... The risk of prolonged labor is higher. Older mothers have a higher risk of a long labor, putting the baby in distress. Modern ... Only about 30% of all women use birth control, although over half of all African women would like to use birth control if it ... These methods may be used to avoid pregnancy, to achieve pregnancy, or as a way to monitor gynecological health. Methods of ...
Indeed, it is estimated to occur in approximately 1 in 100,000 live births and is associated with prolonged labour times. ... and hence pregnancy (and constipation and other causes of excessive straining) can be a precipitating cause of Hamman's ...
The American Pregnancy Association *^ Marc H. Bornstein, Michael E. Lamb. Developmental Science: An Advanced Textbook, page 227 ... Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention (2006), ms. 317. Diterima ... The voluntary control of movement develops and matures during a prolonged period up to puberty...." ... Management of High-Risk Pregnancy (Blackwell 1999). Diterima pada 2007-03-04. ...
The prolonged temporal gap between the queen's pregnancies may have been a result of Louis XIII's aversion to heterosexuality, ... Many people regarded this birth as a miracle and, in show of gratitude to God for the long-awaited birth of an heir, his ... the text of the dedication does not mention the royal pregnancy and birth as one of its reasons. Also, Louis XIII himself is ... Our Lady of Graces and the birth of Louis XIV, The website of the Sanctuary of Our Lady at Cotignac, Provence Archived 13 May ...
This study documented that the long birth intervals of about 3 years were due to prolonged breast feeding extending the period ... Chen studied birth-interval dynamics in rural Bangladesh by following married women prospectively with monthly pregnancy tests ... "A Prospective Study of Birth Interval Dynamics in Rural Bangladesh". Population Studies. 28 (2): 277-297. doi:10.1080/ ...
"Gestational Hypertension: Pregnancy Induced Hypertension". American Pregnancy Association. 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2018-11-03. ... Puerperal Sepsis is a bacterial infection that affects the genital tract, commonly occurring after the birth of a baby. The ... symptoms typically appear one day after pregnancy, however symptoms may appear earlier if the woman is suffering from prolonged ... "HIV and Pregnancy: Medical and Legal Considerations for Women and Their Advocates, Center for HIV Law and Policy". The Center ...
Prolonged menstruation in women. *Spontaneous abortion during pregnancy. *CNS hemorrhaging[5]. Spontaneous bleeding of the ... As this is a disorder that is present in an individual from birth, there are no warning signs to look for. The first symptom ... Blood fibrinogen levels of less than 0.1 g/L and prolonged bleeding test times are indicators of an individual having ... typically at birth.[11] Both males and females seem to be affected equally,[2] but it has a higher occurrence in regions where ...
"Birth of the digital bacteria". New Scientist. 215 (2875): 19. 28 July 2012. doi:10.1016/s0262-4079(12)61932-0. Peterson, Scott ... In addition, this pathogen may latently infect the chorionic villi tissues of pregnant women, thereby impacting pregnancy ... Mgen is a fastidious organism with prolonged growth durations. This makes detection of the pathogen in clinical specimens and ... M. genitalium infection was significantly associated with increased risk of preterm birth, spontaneous abortion, cervicitis, ...
This article examines the whys and why nots of prolonged pregnancy. ... If youre pregnancy goes more than two weeks past your due date, will you need to be induced? ... Home › PregnancyPregnancy Health › Prolonged Pregnancy. Prolonged Pregnancy. How long pregnancy lasts varies somewhat ... Pregnancy length when dated by LMP has a median length of 281 days, and by scan 278 days. If we look at how many women end up ...
Prolonging Pregnancy: New Drug Helps Prevent Premature Birth. By Bonnie Rochman Feb. 08, 2011 ... But now, many mothers of babies born too soon may be eligible for the same pregnancy-prolonging drug Nikki Fleming received. ... through 37 weeks of pregnancy. (More on Doctors Orders: Sex During Pregnancy Gets the Green Light) ... More on Closely Spaced Pregnancies May Contribute to Autism). About 30,000 U.S. women will be eligible for the drug ...
Prolonged Labor: Failure To Progress. ...wrong position, a Cesarean birth might be the best choice to avoid further ... Birth Center. ...of giving birth at a birth center. For women with a low-risk pregnancy who desire a more natural birth ... Eating Disorders and Pregnancy. ...Low birth weight Stillbirth or fetal death Increased risk of cesarean birth Delayed fetal ... Bed Rest During Pregnancy. ...Premature labor Multiples History of pregnancy loss, stillbirth, or premature birth Poor fetal ...
Prolonged Pregnancy: Induction of Labor and Cesarean Births. ALEXANDER, JAMES M.; MCINTIRE, DONALD D.; LEVENO, KENNETH J. ... Seasonality in Conception of Births and Influence on Late Initiation of Prenatal Care. TITA, ALAN T. N.; HOLLIER, LISA M.; ... SEXUAL ACTIVITY DURING LATE PREGNANCY AND RISK OF PRETERM DELIVERY. Sayle, Amy E.; Savitz, David A.; Thorp, John M. ... In-Home Nursing Care for Women With High-Risk Pregnancies: Outcomes and Cost. HARRISON, MARGARET J.; KUSHNER, KAYSI E.; BENZIES ...
Prolonged pregnancy. For an uncomplicated prolonged pregnancy the CS rate in Sudan was 7.9% for the study (126 cases) and 15.8 ... Preterm births. A study of the perinatal mortality rate of preterm births born by CS in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia in 1988 showed the ... Twin pregnancy. CS is of no advantage in the majority of cases of twin pregnancy, particularly if both are presenting by the ... Decreased ce- sarean section birth rates and improved prenatal outcome: a seven-year study. Birth, 1995, 22:144-7. ...
Prolonged bed rest. *Pregnancy. *Hormone therapy or birth control pills. *Cancer. *Kidney disease ... You will not need treatment if you do not have symptoms, pregnancy loss, or if you have never had a blood clot. ... A woman has a history of repeated pregnancy losses.. The lupus anticoagulant tests are blood clotting tests. The ... You will not take warfarin during pregnancy, but will be given heparin shots instead. ...
multiple gestation pregnancy. *pregnancy-induced hypertension. *several prior births. *prolonged labor. *the use of forceps or ... The American Pregnancy Association define prolonged labor as lasting over 20 hours if it is a first delivery. For those who ... It is not common, but it is more likely to affect women who have not given birth before, and is responsible for half of all ... If prolonged labor happens during the early, or latent, phase it can be tiring but does not usually lead to complications. ...
prolonged QT interval on EKG. *chronic heart failure. *abnormal EKG with QT changes from birth ... Pregnancy Family & Pregnancy Family & Pregnancy All About Pregnancy. * Getting Pregnant * First Trimester ...
Practical Guide to High-Risk Pregnancy and Delivery - 4th Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9788131234778, 9788131238769 ... 8. Preterm Birth. Lilian Alabi-Isama, Austin Ugwumadu. 9. Post Term and Prolonged Pregnancy. Avinash Bhatt, Kaizad R. Damania. ... Diabetes in Pregnancy Gargee Pandit, Kaizad R. Damania. 16. Cardiac Disease and Pregnancy Milind S. Phadke, Vinay R. Jaiswal. ... Venous Thromboembolism in Pregnancy Gargee Pandit, Kaizad R. Damania. 12. Multiple Pregnancy Tiran Dias, Amarnath Bhide. 13. ...
Pregnancy Cushion, 18 Inches. Ultra Premium Comfort Foam Hemorrhoid Pillow (Black) on ✓ FREE SHIPPING on qualified ... Pregnancy & Child Birth. Bed Sores Relief of pain, tension, or numbness from prolonged sitting Fractured, bruised, inflamed, or ... Relieves pain from hemorrhoids, pressure ulcers, prostatitis, pregnancy, child birth, and lower back pain. ... Medical Donut Cushion ideal for Coccyx pain, Bedsores, Child Birth, and Pregnancy_Red ...
Pregnancy. *Sitting or staying still for a prolonged period. *Use of birth control pills ...
Side effects, uses, pregnancy/breastfeeding, and drug interaction information is included. ... prolong labor and delay birth, *increase bleeding in the mother following birth, and ... Pregnancy/breastfeeding and NSAIDs. NSAIDs are safe for use during the first or second trimesters of pregnancy, but should not ... Pregnancy/breastfeeding and aspirin. Regular aspirin consumption during pregnancy has been associated with side effects in the ...
use of birth control pills. *pregnancy. *antibiotics, especially prolonged use over 10 days ... this could be a sign of pregnancy. Spotting during an early phase of pregnancy can be a sign of miscarriage, so it should be ... You might be surprised by certain symptoms that the first trimester of pregnancy can bring. Get the facts on 10 unusual ... Exercise, use of birth control pills, and emotional stress may also result in discharge. ...
Bleeding after Birth for Frontline Health Workers. • Family Planning for Frontline Health Workers. • Danger Signs in Pregnancy ... Managing Prolonged and Obstructed Labor. • ... normal and emergency situations that can arise during pregnancy ...
Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when outdoors.This ... Use a reliable form of birth control while on this medication. Consult your doctor.This medication is not usually used in women ... Therefore, it is unlikely to be used during pregnancy or breast-feeding. Consult your doctor if you have any questions about ...
5%; p: ,0.0001), prolonged/obstructed labor (49% vs. 20%; p: ,0.000), urgent induction of labor (24% vs. 2%; p: ,0.0001), and ... Adverse neonatal outcomes such as low birth weight (LBW) (59% vs. 29%; p: ,0.0001), small-for-gestational-age (SGA) (73% vs. 23 ... adverse pregnancy outcomes; anemia in pregnancy; antenatal anemia; maternal anemia; neonatal outcomes ... Pregnancy outcomes were assessed for both mothers and babies. All data were processed through SPSS version 21.0 for Windows ( ...
Pregnancy and birth. *. Psychosis. *. Redundancy. *. Relationship problems. *. Affairs and betrayals. *. Family issues. ... Been Grieving a Long, Long Time? - Prolonged Grief Disorder. Been Grieving a Long, Long Time? - Prolonged Grief Disorder. By a ... If you are suffering a painful loss or if you think you may be suffering Prolonged Grief Disorder, your GP is a good first port ...
Rheumatoid Arthritis During Pregnancy May Increase Chronic Disease Risk in Children Genetics and Birth Defects. 12/15/2017 ... "We showed that prolonged television viewing may be a risky behaviour for death from pulmonary embolism," said Mr Shirakawa. " ... Home Blood, Heart and Circulation Heart disease Prolonged television watchers have higher risk of fatal pulmonary embolism ... "The association between prolonged sitting and pulmonary embolism was first reported among air raid shelter users in London ...
Examples are pregnancies, births, and breastfeeding. Being pregnant boosts estrogen levels tremendously; then they decline once ... On the other hand, no association was found between dementia risk and age at menarche, number of pregnancies, duration of ... "Gothenburg H70 Birth Cohort Studies in Sweden" (the H70 studies). The "reproduction period" spans the years between menarche ( ...
Home > RHL Topics > Preconception, pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum care > Pregnancy complications > Prolonged pregnancy > ... Prolonged pregnancy. Review of the literature. Journal de gynecologie, obstetrique et biologie de la reproduction 1995;24(7): ... Post-term pregnancy is best managed in health care settings where there is capacity for patient monitoring and facilities exist ... Effective care in pregnancy and childbirth. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2000;765-775. ...
It is her fervent hope that she will be one of the Better Births Outcomes Collaboratives proud stories. ... Sanders, 28, now is 26 weeks pregnant and is part of a central Ohio effort to help women have longer pregnancies and healthier ... Program to prolong pregnancies aims to give premature babies a better shot. Misti Crane, The Columbus Dispatch Monday. Oct 31, ... Before D Angel, Sanders gave birth to Demonie, who is now 2 years old. He weighed just more than 1?pound at birth and spent ...
Symptoms usually worsen after prolonged standing or sitting. In women, symptoms may be worse during menstruation or pregnancy. ... The use of birth control pills. *Post-menopausal hormonal replacement therapy. *Prolonged sitting with legs crossed ... Prolonged standing (especially for people who work in occupations such as nurses, beauticians, teachers, factory workers and ...
Hilder L, Costeloe K, Thilaganathan B, Prolonged pregnancy. Evaluating gestation-specific risks of fetal and infant mortality. ... Births: Final data for 1997. National Center for Health Statistics. National Vital Statistics Reports, 1999; 47: 1-96. ... Lingering pregnancy is one of the most common indications of labor induction even though it has been carried out also for other ... Prospective risk of unexplained stillbirth in singleton pregnancies at term: population based analysis. BMJ 1999; 319 (7205): ...
Pregnancy and Birth (5) *System - Blood (36) *System - Body Composition (9) *System - Cardiovascular (10) ... What Is Prolonged Prothrombin Time? Prolonged prothrombin time (PT) is a laboratory blood test result showing that blood clots ...
Pregnancy.. *Smoking.. *Obesity.. *Birth control pills/hormone replacement therapy/breast cancer medicines. ... Prolonged sitting. This is often the case with travel when you are forced to sit for long periods (air, train, and car). ... If you take birth control pills, talk to your doctor about an effective alternative. If you are inactive, get moving. If you ... Prolonged bed rest. This is often the case with surgery or illness. ...
Pregnancy. *Supplemental estrogen use, including oral contraceptive pills (birth control pills). *Hormone replacement therapy ... Prolonged bed rest or immobility. *Heart attack, congestive heart failure, stroke and other illnesses that lead to decreased ...
Zinc deficiency during pregnancy may increase the chances of a difficult or prolonged birth. ...
If female, have a negative pregnancy test, and. *If premenopausal, be willing to practice an effective form of birth control ... Tested and found by ECG not to have a prolonged QT syndrome, ...
Since pregnancy and birth can be unpredictable at times, moms-to-be should be prepared in case a cesarean delivery is necessary ... Babies that are too large for the birth canal, slow cervical thinning, and carrying multiples can all prolong labor. In these ... About 90 percent of women whove had a cesarean can deliver vaginally for their next birth, according to the American Pregnancy ... Carrying multiples can pose different risks during pregnancy. It can cause prolonged labor, which can put mom in distress. One ...
  • The revised edition has been endeavoured keeping the key objective of Dr Fernando Arias alive-to provide Obs & Gynae residents, fellows in Maternal-Fetal Medicine, obstetricians, general physicians and interested nurses and medical students with a source of practical information about complications of pregnancy. (
  • The modules use case studies to walk the user through real-life normal and emergency situations that can arise during pregnancy, childbirth and the post-partum period, promoting the competent clinical practice necessary to reduce maternal and newborn mortality. (
  • Conclusion: Anemia in the third trimester of pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes including neonatal death. (
  • Lingering pregnancy is one of the most common indications of labor induction even though it has been carried out also for other indications of maternal and fetal origin and it has been done for approximately one in six pregnancies exceeding 24 weeks' gestation in the United States (1). (
  • They found that maternal but not paternal genetic factors influenced the rate of postterm pregnancies and accounted for the etiology in as many as 30% of these pregnancies. (
  • Note that if the pregnancy is at risk for an adverse outcome from an underlying condition, either maternal or fetal, inducing labor may proceed without documented lung maturity. (
  • Further adjustments for maternal characteristics and complications of pregnancy did not have a significant effect. (
  • The association was not materially affected by adjustment for maternal characteristics or complications of pregnancy. (
  • Whether prolonged maternal viremia after Zika virus infection represents a risk factor for maternal-fetal transmission and subsequent adverse outcomes remains unclear. (
  • Whether prolonged viremia after ZIKV infection in pregnant women represents a risk factor for maternal-fetal transmission, congenital Zika syndrome (CZS), or other adverse outcomes is on ongoing controversy ( 4 ). (
  • In other reports, however, prolonged maternal viremia has been described in pregnant women with both normal and adverse fetal outcomes ( 6 - 10 ). (
  • Persons for inclusion were initially identified either through routine serologic testing of all pregnant women admitted to the prenatal diagnosis unit of CHOG (performed in each trimester of pregnancy and at birth), or through serologic and molecular testing in cases of maternal symptoms, acute exposure in the previous 2 weeks (patients who arrived in French Guiana from a nonendemic country or patients who arrived from an endemic country [e.g. (
  • Prolonged estrogen-progesterone treatment of nonpregnant ovariectomized rats: factors stimulating home-cage and maternal aggression and short-latency maternal behavior. (
  • Maternal and fetal risks increase with gestational age, but the management of otherwise low-risk prolonged pregnancies is controversial. (
  • 1 In a recent Danish birth-registry study, 1 increased rates of multiple maternal and perinatal complications were found in singleton pregnancies of at least 42 weeks' gestation. (
  • A Norwegian birth cohort study 3 found that maternal complications usually are associated with larger fetal size, and fetal complications are associated with smaller size. (
  • Increasing maternal age and weight during pregnancy, higher rates of pregnancies conceived by artificial reproductive technologies and growing numbers of cesarean deliveries have led to a rise in the incidence of complicated pregnancies. (
  • The options have also increased for monitoring maternal and fetal health throughout a pregnancy, and identifying and managing risk earlier. (
  • For the maternal-fetal physician, constant vigilance throughout a pregnancy remains essential. (
  • A C-section results in approximately twice as much maternal blood loss as a vaginal birth. (
  • However, the purpose of the book remains unchanged: to provide residents in Obstetrics and Gynecology, fellows in Maternal-Fetal Medicine, obstetricians, general physicians, and interested nurses and medical students with a source of practical information about complications of pregnancy. (
  • Objective To investigate the influence of maternal working conditions on fertility and pregnancy outcomes. (
  • Associations between maternal occupational exposure and fertility and pregnancy outcomes, adjusted for age, education, minority, parity, smoking and alcohol use, were studied using logistic regression analysis. (
  • JEM-based maternal occupational exposure to phthalates was associated with prolonged TTP (OR 2.16, 95% CI 1.02 to 4.57) and exposure to pesticides was associated with decreased birth weight (OR 2.42, 95% CI 1.10 to 5.34). (
  • Conclusion This birth cohort study presents evidence of health-based selection into the workforce and adverse effects of maternal occupational exposure to phthalates and pesticides on fertility and pregnancy outcomes. (
  • Systemic maternal viral infections can also affect the pregnancy, and these can be especially dangerous, because pregnant women suffer higher virus-associated morbidity and mortality than do nonpregnant counterparts. (
  • In this Review, we discuss the potential contributions of maternal, placental, and fetal viral infection to pregnancy outcome, fetal development, and maternal well-being. (
  • It has been well established that viral infection of the cells at the maternal-fetal interface can affect placental function, which may result in pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), or preterm birth (PTB). (
  • The maternal decidua consists of pregnancy-specific differentiated stromal cells that house the maternal blood vessels and maternal immune cells including T cells, uterine NK (uNK) cells, macrophages, and DCs. (
  • The Association between Iron-deficiency Anemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes: A Retrospective Report from Pakistan. (
  • Pregnancy outcomes were assessed for both mothers and babies. (
  • It is her fervent hope that she will be one of the Better Births Outcomes Collaborative's proud stories. (
  • In a cohort of pregnant women exposed to ZIKV in French Guiana, we investigated the impact of prolonged viremia on fetal and neonatal adverse outcomes (fetal loss or neurologic anomalies) compared with infected pregnant women without prolonged viremia and noninfected pregnant women. (
  • Objective To determine the impact of cervical excision for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia on fertility and early pregnancy outcomes. (
  • Eligibility criteria Studies assessing fertility and early pregnancy outcomes in women with a history of treatment for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia versus untreated women. (
  • Research should explore mechanisms that may explain this increase in risk and stratify the impact that treatment may have on fertility and early pregnancy outcomes by the size of excision and treatment method used. (
  • 1 As the precancerous lesions and their treatment typically occur in women of reproductive age, the impact of conisation on the outcomes of subsequent pregnancies has been an area of active research for the past decade. (
  • Important research questions are listed below, in relation to the foci of Parts 1-3, under the following headings: exercise during pregnancy, exercise related to birth outcomes and exercise in the postpartum period. (
  • Results Women in jobs with regular handling of loads ≥5 kg had better fertility and pregnancy outcomes. (
  • Do omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) taken during pregnancy - either as supplements or as dietary additions in food (such as some types of fish) - improve health outcomes for babies and their mothers? (
  • So it is suggested that additional omega-3 LCPUFAs in pregnancy may reduce the number of babies born preterm and may improve outcomes for children and mothers. (
  • When we omitted these trials from the main outcomes (such as preterm birth and very preterm birth) it made very little, or no difference, to the results. (
  • Future studies could consider if and how outcomes may vary in different populations of women, and could test different ways of increasing omega-3 LCPUFA during pregnancy. (
  • For our GRADE quality assessments, we assessed most of the important perinatal outcomes as high-quality (e.g. preterm birth) or moderate-quality evidence (e.g. perinatal death). (
  • Avoid most birth control pills or hormone treatments for menopause (women). (
  • Exercise, use of birth control pills , and emotional stress may also result in discharge. (
  • Birth control pills/hormone replacement therapy/breast cancer medicines. (
  • If you take birth control pills, talk to your doctor about an effective alternative. (
  • Birth control pills (oral contraceptives) or hormone replacement therapy. (
  • A doctor may prescribe progestin or birth control pills to regulate the cycle. (
  • Combination birth control pills, also known as the pill, are oral contraceptives that contain estrogen and a progestin. (
  • Combination birth control pills keep your ovaries from releasing an egg. (
  • Different types of combination birth control pills contain different doses of estrogen and progestin. (
  • If you want to use combination birth control pills, your health care provider can help you decide which type is right for you. (
  • Combination birth control pills are a reliable form of contraception that's easily reversed. (
  • Combination birth control pills aren't appropriate for everyone, however. (
  • An estimated 9 out of 100 women taking combination birth control pills will get pregnant in the first year of use. (
  • Although taking combination birth control pills during early pregnancy doesn't increase the risk of birth defects, it's best to stop them as soon as you suspect you're pregnant. (
  • Combination birth control pills won't protect you from sexually transmitted infections. (
  • Combination birth control pills increase the risk of certain conditions, which can be serious. (
  • Smoking also raises the risk, as do birth control pills, selective estrogen receptor modulators, and postmenopausal hormones. (
  • Also known as oral contraceptives, birth control pills are highly effective oral medications that use hormones to prevent pregnancy. (
  • There are two main types of birth control pills: one with estrogen and progestin (also known as the combination pill) and one with just progestin. (
  • I just started my first pack of birth control pills. (
  • If I get leg cramps everytime I start my new round of birth control pills should I stop taking them? (
  • Can birth control pills give you spider and varicose veins on your legs? (
  • There isn't an established association between birth control pills and varicose veins or spider veins . (
  • Birth control pills do increase your risk for developing a blood clot , but they don't increase that risk as much as pregnancy does. (
  • Intense heel pain after taking birth control pills. (
  • Why does birth control pills cause swollen ankle & feet? (
  • Birth control pills can lead to deep vein thrombophlebitis , especially if you smoke. (
  • If you've had preterm labor or given birth preterm, if you have had an infection, bleeding, a broken or leaking amniotic sac, more than one miscarriage, or a condition known as low-lying placenta (placenta previa), you are likely to be advised to avoid or limit certain sexual activities. (
  • Creating Your Birth Plan Labor & Birth Terms to Know Cesarean Birth After Care Get the Fetal Life App for Apple. (
  • At a university hospital in Colombia at least 50 % of antenatal fetal monitoring prescriptions were for the indication of post-term pregnancy (5). (
  • Common medical consequences of post-term pregnancy include fetal macrosomia, difficult or obstructed labour, placental insufficiency, birth trauma and meconium aspiration. (
  • Objective To determine if first trimester fetal growth is associated with birth weight, duration of pregnancy, and the risk of delivering a small for gestational age infant. (
  • Conclusion Variation in birth weight may be determined, at least in part, by fetal growth in the first 12 weeks after conception through effects on timing of delivery and fetal growth velocity. (
  • The occurrence of complications was particularly high in low-birth-weight infants and likely resulted from the cause of fetal growth restriction. (
  • The risk of prolonged and arrested labor include fetal distress due to the lack of oxygen to the baby, bleeding inside the baby's head, and increased possibility of the need for a Cesarean section or forceps or vacuum extraction procedures to deliver the baby. (
  • Despite the prevalence of viral infections in the American population, we still have a limited understanding of how they affect pregnancy and fetal development. (
  • Viruses rarely cross the placental barrier, but when the virus does reach the fetus, it can result in severe birth defects such as microcephaly or even fetal death. (
  • Babies may suffer a group of birth defects, collectively referred to as fetal alcohol syndrome . (
  • This suggests that the dating of pregnancy by LMP tends to overestimate the gestation. (
  • Pregnant women who qualify will be injected weekly in the hip - starting as early as 16 weeks and no later than 21 weeks gestation - through 37 weeks of pregnancy. (
  • Preterm birth (PTB) refers to the birth of a baby before 37 completed weeks of gestation. (
  • Analyses of two medical trials, one within the U.S. and the other within Australia, advocate that hundreds of thousands of early preterm births, which are those at or earlier than 34 weeks' gestation, would be avoided if pregnant women took acid (DHA) dietary supplements every day. (
  • [ 11 ] A more recently described risk factor is obesity, which appears to increase the risk of pregnancies progressing beyond 41 or 42 weeks of gestation. (
  • Approximately 5 to 10 percent of all pregnancies continue to at least 42 weeks' gestation. (
  • Preterm birth (babies born before 37 weeks pregnancy (gestation)) is a leading cause of disability or death in the first five years of life. (
  • There could have been a premature birth at the time when the foetus is most vulnerable, which is sometimes between the 24th and 26th weeks of gestation. (
  • Our understanding of multiple pregnancies has increased considerably. (
  • A separate chapter on multiple pregnancy has been added given that multiple pregnancies are at high risk of developing problems and therefore require greater attention. (
  • 2 years, and multiple pregnancies were found to have a possible causal relationship with preterm births. (
  • Records of 2,680 single live births over a period of one year (1st January to 31st December 2000) were analysed. (
  • Around 7% of all live births are low birth weight. (
  • In the United States and Canada, NTDs occur in the Caucasian population in about 1.5 of every 1,000 live births. (
  • According to the 2015 CIA World Fact Book, the United States ranks number 167 in the world for infant deaths , with a mortality rate of 5.87 per every 1,000 live births. (
  • Moreover, infants of deaf and hard of hearing women were more likely to be born preterm, have low birth weight, and receive a low Apgar score-a screening test used to determine the baby's need for additional medical services. (
  • The earlier in pregnancy infants were born, the more likely they were to fail a screening test for developmental delay by age 3, according to a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other institutions. (
  • Low birth weight infants are at increased risk of perinatal and infant death. (
  • 2 Moreover, mothers who deliver low birth weight infants have a greater than fourfold adjusted relative risk of ischaemic heart disease. (
  • Every year, thousands of women give birth to infants that experience trauma and injury during the birthing process. (
  • Thousands of infants do not survive the birthing process in the U.S every year, and even more are born with severe and permanent injuries as a result of Birth Trauma. (
  • Perinatal asphyxia has been defined as "failing to initiate and sustain breathing at birth. (
  • The existing evidence from observational studies links post-term pregnancy with increased perinatal morbidity and mortality. (
  • Recent studies have suggested that by continuing pregnancy beyond 41 weeks, there is a statistically significant higher perinatal morbidity and mortality as well as an increased risk to the mother (2, 3). (
  • Queenan's Management of High-Risk Pregnancy covers the full spectrum of perinatal care. (
  • There are several different birth control methods that can be used and they include skin patch, pills, vaginal ring. (
  • Benzodiazepine - Misuse of benzodiazepines often as sleeping pills during pregnancy has been associated with abnormal features, growth abnormalities including central nervous system abnormalities. (
  • Main outcome measures Birth weight, duration of pregnancy, and risk of delivering a small for gestational age infant. (
  • 42 wk), the 3 options are (1) elective induction of labor, (2) expectant management of the pregnancy, or (3) antenatal testing. (
  • This section includes RHL summaries of published systematic reviews on various aspects of pregnancy and childbirth, including preconception care, management of miscarriage, antenatal care, medical problems in pregnancy, disorders that might affect the unborn baby, complications arising during pregnancy, the induction of labour, and the care of the mother and newborn during and immediately after childbirth. (
  • however, retrospective studies 1 , 3 of these so-called post-term pregnancies have found an increased risk to the mother and fetus. (
  • When these factors are considered, the impact of post-term pregnancies is minor by comparison. (
  • However, omega-3 LCPUFA probably increased the incidence of pregnancies continuing beyond 42 weeks, although there was no difference identified in induction of labour for post-term pregnancies. (
  • Omega-3 LCPUFA supplementation during pregnancy is an effective strategy for reducing the incidence of preterm birth, although it probably increases the incidence of post-term pregnancies. (
  • As noted above, such a misclassification bias would artificially lower the complication rates of pregnancies designated postterm and increase the complication rates in those designated term, resulting in a diminution in the difference between term and postterm pregnancies. (
  • Birth is a natural process, not a medical procedure, thus cannot be forever prolonged ( (
  • I've always been interested in pregnancy and childbirth, especially in natural/unassisted birthing, home birthing, and pregnancy without all the unnecessary medical intervention. (
  • 2 Part 3 reviewed the implications of pregnancy and childbirth on return to exercise and on common illnesses and complaints in the postpartum period. (
  • Prolonged use of Demerol Injection during pregnancy can result in neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome, which may be life-threatening if not recognized and treated, and requires management according to protocols developed by neonatology experts. (
  • Method We used the UK Midwifery Study System to identify and collect data about 1041 women who gave birth in AMUs, March 2017 to February 2018, whose babies were admitted to a neonatal unit or died (cases) and 1984 controls from the same AMUs. (
  • Neonatal admission following birth in a midwifery unit, where most women are low risk, not induced and give birth vaginally, is a potential 'near-miss' event. (
  • Around 1% of babies born in the UK alongside midwifery units are admitted to neonatal care, are stillborn or die soon after birth without admission. (
  • Ri Sol Ju also abruptly disappeared from the public for prolonged periods in 2015, 2016 and 2017. (
  • Exercise and pregnancy in recreational and elite athletes: 2016/17 evidence summary from the IOC expert group meeting, Lausanne. (
  • You will not need treatment if you do not have symptoms, pregnancy loss, or if you have never had a blood clot. (
  • Symptoms usually worsen after prolonged standing or sitting. (
  • In women, symptoms may be worse during menstruation or pregnancy. (
  • Sometimes pregnancy symptoms can be confusing, making you wonder whether you really are pregnant or not. (
  • And if your pregnancy symptoms seem really bad, then you may want to check to see if you're having twins or multiples. (
  • Generally the baby is unaffected by morning sickness unless your symptoms are severe and prolonged. (
  • The babies may experience withdrawal symptoms following birth. (
  • The baby of a cocaine-addicted mother may suffer from withdrawal symptoms after birth. (
  • The baby may also suffer from withdrawal symptoms after birth. (
  • How long pregnancy lasts varies somewhat between women. (
  • An FDA-reviewed study of 463 women with a history of premature birth found that 37% of women injected with Makena delivered early in comparison to 55% of women who hadn't received the shot. (
  • Even though FDA approval is new, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has recommended since 2003 that doctors treat women at risk of premature birth with progesterone. (
  • For women with a low-risk pregnancy who desire a more natural birth experience, a birth center might be a good option. (
  • It is not common , but it is more likely to affect women who have not given birth before, and is responsible for half of all cesarean deliveries in this group. (
  • Labour induction can help reduce the need for additional monitoring of women and reduce the duration of hospitalization, especially in settings where women need to be hospitalized earlier in pregnancy to avoid the situation in which they are unable to reach the hospital in an emergency. (
  • However, since many women in developing countries do not have access to such health care facilities, post-term pregnancy remains a important health problem. (
  • The study, now published in the journal Alzheimer's & Dementia, covers 1,364 women who were followed between 1968 and 2012 in the population studies collectively known as the "Prospective Population-based Study of Women in Gothenburg" (PPSW) and the "Gothenburg H70 Birth Cohort Studies in Sweden" (the H70 studies). (
  • Sanders, 28, now is 26 weeks pregnant and is part of a central Ohio effort to help women have longer pregnancies and healthier babies. (
  • The average length of pregnancy for the 126 women who ve delivered babies is more than 35 weeks, up an average of six weeks and two days over their earliest previous pregnancies. (
  • The progesterone shots are safe, proven to extend pregnancies and are widely offered to women with private insurance, said Dr. Jay Iams, director of Ohio State University Medical Center s prematurity clinic. (
  • During pregnancy and lactation, women may need extra zinc. (
  • They estimated that more than 106,000 high-risk early preterm births could be avoided in the U.S. and about 1,100 would be prevented in Australia every year if pregnant women only took omega fatty acid supplements every day. (
  • Although the last menstrual period (LMP) has been traditionally used to calculate the estimated due date (EDD), many inaccuracies exist using this method in women who have irregular cycles, have been on recent hormonal birth control, or who have first trimester bleeding. (
  • About 90 percent of women who've had a cesarean can deliver vaginally for their next birth, according to the American Pregnancy Association . (
  • Pregnant women who are exposed to higher air pollution levels during their second pregnancy, compared to their first one, may be at greater risk of preterm birth, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health. (
  • Compared to other women, deaf and hard of hearing women have a higher risk for pregnancy and birth complications such as gestational diabetes and blood pressure disorders, according to a study funded by NIH's Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (
  • Other women may lose more blood each day, over a longer period and this is called heavy or prolonged menstruation, or menorrhagia . (
  • For women with asthma, Asthma and Pregnancy will likely answer many of your questions, while Prozac and Pregnancy will be useful for those women using this common antidepressant. (
  • For every available method, I will try to give a brief summary of how it works, the average percentage rate of pregnancy (ARP) while using that method - an ARP is defined as the average number of pregnancies among women using nothing but the method in question FOR ONE YEAR. (
  • Labor induction is recommended over expectant management in women with post-term pregnancy to reduce rates of cesarean delivery. (
  • A Danish study finds that women who took fish oil supplements during pregnancy reduced their children's risk of developing asthma. (
  • Pregnancy in Women with Physical Disabilities / Caroline C Signore. (
  • With perfect use as directed, the pregnancy rate is less than 1 in 100 women every year. (
  • Some women do have high-risk pregnancies and are advised to abstain from sex for some or all of their pregnancy. (
  • Pregnancy hormones make some women lose interest in sex, while others may find that their sex drive increases. (
  • In a paper published in the journal Scientific Research , study authors admit both the name of this chemical and how it's used in vaccines as a way of preventing black women in Africa from giving birth to their black children. (
  • Women have many unique health concerns - menstrual cycles, pregnancy, birth control, menopause - and that's just the beginning. (
  • Methods 8880 women were enrolled in a large prospective birth cohort during early (76%), mid (21%) or late pregnancy (3%) (61% participation). (
  • Some studies included women at increased risk of preterm birth. (
  • We found the incidence of preterm birth (before 37 weeks) and very preterm birth (before 34 weeks) was lower in women who received omega-3 LCPUFA compared with no additional omega-3. (
  • Women who take omega-3 LCPUFA supplements during pregnancy may also be more likely to have longer pregnancies. (
  • National guidance recommends that women at low risk of complications should have a choice of planned birth setting. (
  • For low-risk women planned midwifery unit birth is as safe for babies and associated with reduced intervention, compared with planned hospital obstetric unit birth. (
  • About 4 to 6 percent of women have postpartum hemorrhage and it is more likely with a cesarean birth. (
  • Prolonged labor is more common in a first pregnancy and in women who are over the age of 35. (
  • Most women can use the birth control ring. (
  • However, women who are not comfortable inserting the ring into the vagina may want to choose another method of birth control. (
  • Women who have had problems with hormonal methods of birth control in the past may not be good candidates for this as well. (
  • Birth control implants are a hormone releasing, long-term contraception option for women. (
  • It is not unusual for women to experience side effects from the birth control implants. (
  • The implant contains no estrogen, so it's an option for women who can't use estrogen-based forms of birth control. (
  • There is a slightly higher chance of having an ectopic pregnancy if you get pregnant while on the birth control implant than for women who are not on birth control. (
  • High Blood Pressure- Women may be more prone to the development of high blood pressure and pre-eclampsia during pregnancy. (
  • Babies of women on opioids have low birth weight, tend to gain less weight and are neglected as compared to other babies. (
  • On the other hand, no association was found between dementia risk and age at menarche, number of pregnancies, duration of breastfeeding, or exogenous estrogen taken in the form of hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) or oral contraceptives. (
  • Here the progesterone secretion is prolonged as the estrogen levels are low. (
  • Consequently, estrogen is continuously produced and periods can be delayed or very heavy and prolonged when it occurs. (
  • Fish and fish oil contain omega-3 LCPUFA (particularly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)) and have been associated with longer pregnancies. (
  • This study was a comparative analysis of the effectiveness and safety of oral misoprostol and intravaginal misoprostol for the use in the process of cervical ripening and inducing labor in multigravida postdate pregnancies with a live fetus. (
  • Results For each one day increase in the observed size of the fetus, birth weight increased by 28.2 (95% confidence interval 14.6 to 41.2) g. (
  • they suggested that prolonged viremia might occur as a consequence of viral replication in the fetus or placenta and might be correlated with CZS. (
  • Drug abuse during pregnancy has an adverse effect on the mother as well as the fetus. (
  • Babies that are too large for the birth canal, slow cervical thinning, and carrying multiples can all prolong labor. (
  • Babies are classed as being very low birth weight (VLBW) if they weigh less than 1,500g at birth and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) below 1,000g. (
  • The average amount of blood loss for a cesarean birth is approximately 1,000 ml (or one quart). (
  • Laursen et al studied monozygotic and dizygotic twins and their subsequent development of prolonged pregnancies. (
  • Subsequent experiments examined the importance of the elements of the treatment (E implants, P injections, EB injection), and whether prolonging exposure to P or E would alter its behavioral effects. (
  • During active labor, the cervix would progressively dilate at the rate not less than 1.2 cm per hour for a first child and 1.5 cm for subsequent pregnancies and deliveries. (
  • Labor is said to be prolonged when the first and second stages of labor together is longer than 20 hours for a first pregnancy and greater than 14 hours for subsequent pregnancies. (
  • Caesarean section at term and the risk of preterm birth in subsequent pregnancy: a longitudinal linked national cohort study. (
  • Approved Friday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Makena - hydroxyprogesterone caproate injection, or 17P - is a synthetic version of progesterone, a hormone produced naturally during pregnancy. (
  • This is a hormonal method of birth control in which a hormone called progestin is slowly released into the blood stream. (
  • Comparing these findings to earlier data and reports suggests that hormone exposure for 2 weeks or more, and provision of P levels approaching those of pregnancy are important to the effects of the E/P/EB treatment on aggression. (
  • Post-term pregnancy may be the most common indication for induction of labour (7). (
  • Although in most cases post-term pregnancy ends with an uncomplicated labour and delivery, serious complications can occur. (
  • shudders at memory of labour* Just remember Mahala that your body is programmed to forget the horrible bits of birth so people have more than one child! (
  • This has been used to prevent preterm labour and premature birth. (
  • Sleeping on the back or side through the 30th week of pregnancy does not appear to increase the risk of stillbirth, reduced size at birth, or high blood pressure disorders of pregnancy, suggests an analysis funded by the NICHD. (
  • Birth disorders may be minor or severe and may occur at any stage during pregnancy. (
  • Separate chapters on Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy, Diabetes and Pregnancy, and Cardiac Diseases in Pregnancy. (
  • Factors of High-Risk Pregnancy. (
  • Overview of High-Risk Pregnancy / John T Queenan, Catherine Y Spong, Charles J Lockwood. (
  • But unless you have a high-risk pregnancy, you don't have to worry: Sex poses no danger to either the mother or the child. (
  • What about sex during a high-risk pregnancy? (
  • The third edition of the book, Practical Guide to High-Risk Pregnancy and Delivery , has been completely revised to present more up-to-date approach to the field. (
  • Orgasms, with or without sexual penetration, can cause contractions, but they should not trigger premature birth or miscarriage during the course of a normal pregnancy. (
  • Physical load questions concerned manual materials handling, prolonged sitting and long periods of standing. (
  • Few if any drugs are free of adverse effects when taken into the body in large amounts for prolonged periods. (
  • I have been on birth control for 7 years due to problem with my periods. (
  • However, this increase was noted to be related to a decrease in deliveries which are at danger for early preterm birth . (
  • More research is needed to assess the risks of prolonged use of new technologies on pulmonary embolism morbidity and mortality. (
  • What are the real risks of prolonged pregnancy? (
  • Birth control methods have an impact on these hormones in the body and therefore interfere with the flow of blood. (
  • Pregnancy is an exciting, frightening time that triggers a range of emotions, positive and negative -- emotions that are exacerbated by raging hormones. (
  • Conjugating TT with hCG causes pregnancy hormones to be attacked by the immune system. (
  • The cause is unknown although it has been linked to changes in the levels of various hormones during pregnancy. (
  • High blood pressure, gallbladder problems, and liver tumors (malignant and benign) can also be connected to birth control that contains hormones. (
  • This method of reducing heavy and prolonged menstruation works more quickly than most other methods. (
  • This is a hormonal device that is inserted into the uterus to help in the prevention of pregnancy and reduce menstrual flow. (
  • If you are interested in a form of hormonal birth control, the birth control ring may be a good option for you. (
  • Both hormonal birth control & varicose veins increase your risk for blood clots, so adding the 2 risks is worse than 1 risk alone. (
  • The incidence of post-term pregnancy has been found to be as high as 14% in some rigorously conducted observational studies (3). (
  • Increasing omega-3 LCPUFA intake during pregnancy, either through supplements or in foods, may reduce the incidence of preterm birth (before 37 weeks and before 34 weeks) and there may be less chance of having a baby with a low birthweight. (
  • Understand how birth control methods can help with prolonged menstruation. (
  • It is more likely to occur in pregnancies that last 42 weeks or longer. (
  • Prolonged and arrested labor can also occur when the size of the baby's head is larger than the size of the mother's pelvic passage or birth canal. (
  • Spotting during an early phase of pregnancy can be a sign of miscarriage , so it should be discussed with your OB-GYN . (
  • Alcohol use in pregnancy increases the chances of miscarriage and stillbirth. (
  • No matter which of these practitioners you choose, though, all will offer you a multitude of prenatal tests over the course of your pregnancy to help make sure you and your baby are healthy. (
  • Carrier testing for at-risk relatives and prenatal testing for pregnancies at increased risk are possible if both ARCI-related pathogenic variants have been identified in a family. (
  • As with all prenatal care, the goal is to have a healthy baby and birth. (
  • Learn new ways to help clients address previous traumas-whether sexual, physical, emotional, or obstetrical-before they give birth, with evidence to support the importance of this prenatal clearing. (
  • 5 Most African countries have high absolute numbers of PTBs, related to high fertility and the large number of births in the region. (
  • We classified the included studies according to treatment type and fertility or early pregnancy endpoint. (
  • Postpartum hemorrhage is more bleeding than normal after the birth of a baby. (
  • Postpartum hemorrhage is heavy bleeding after the birth of your baby. (
  • Postpartum hemorrhage is excessive bleeding following the birth of a baby. (
  • on-going communication with the birth mother or birth families prior to the birth of the child and after the adoption, there tends to be less concern about the birth mother's intentions. (
  • Placental function in early pregnancy, as measured by circulating concentrations of placentally derived proteins in the mother's serum, is associated with risk of low birth weight. (
  • Doctors may decide a low birth weight baby needs extra nutrition in addition to mother's breast milk or special preterm formula. (
  • Risk factors include cancer, prolonged bed rest or sitting, and oral contraceptive use. (
  • Factors which may cause a baby to have a low birth weight include the mother being a smoker and the baby being a twin or other multiple birth sibling. (
  • These defects include low birth weight, facial defects, problem with learning and mental retardation. (
  • Sometimes the difference comes when a bleed which was thought to be the last period was in fact some bleeding in early pregnancy and you are one month further on than initially expected. (
  • If prolonged labor happens during the early, or latent, phase it can be tiring but does not usually lead to complications. (
  • According to her, At present there is no effective method to prevent spontaneous early preterm birth. (
  • By utilising the results of DOMinO and KUDOS, the researchers in both reviews observed that early preterm births could be decreased to just 1.3 percentage in Australia or 1.5 percentage of births in the U.S. in demographically identical populations. (
  • Daily low-dose aspirin, from as early as the sixth week of pregnancy through the 36th week, may lower the risk for preterm birth among first-time mothers, suggests a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. (
  • During early pregnancy, you may have some concerns about already existing health conditions and how you and your baby will be affected. (
  • Studies have shown a reduction in the number of pregnancies considered post-term when early ultrasound dating is performed. (
  • It is quite normal to have a few discomforts in early pregnancy. (
  • Approximately 150,000 children are born every year in the United States affected by one or more birth defects. (
  • To reduce delivery complications, doctors will choose to deliver babies diagnosed with certain birth defects, like excess fluid in the brain or congenital heart diseases, through a cesarean to reduce delivery complications. (
  • Some defects are considered to be harmless, while some may require prolonged medical treatment. (
  • Neural tube defects, or NTDs, are a group of severe birth defects in which the brain and spinal cord are malformed and lack the protective encasement of soft tissue and bone. (
  • Neural tube defects are among the most common serious birth defects , but they vary considerably in their severity. (
  • Both scenarios can result in severe birth defects or pregnancy loss. (
  • Amphetamine used in pregnancy can result in birth defects like cleft lip, heart and liver defects, low birth weight and low body fat, small head circumference, bleed in the brain, and undescended testicles. (
  • It may result in birth defects of the urinary tract or heart. (
  • Many studies have been done looking at the outcome of pregnancies when the baby delivered at various gestations. (
  • to choose care providers, birth locations, and options during labor to have the safest, healthiest birth outcome possible. (
  • These are artificial methods that are normally used to prevent pregnancy, but can also help to reduce bleeding. (
  • The device is usually inserted in a health center by a doctor or nurse and it serves to prevent pregnancy for six months or more. (
  • It helps to prevent pregnancy and reduce menstrual flow. (
  • To use the ring, you need to stay on schedule to most effectively prevent pregnancy. (
  • The birth control ring works about as well as the pill to prevent pregnancy. (
  • Or at that time, you may decide you want to change to a different form of birth control if still wanting to prevent pregnancy. (
  • You should ask your doctor about being testing for a familial reason to develop clots, and you should definitely be using another method of birth control to prevent pregnancy while you're on warfarin. (
  • Some of the most common birth injuries result from two very different conditions known as cerebral palsy and Erb's (or brachial) palsy. (
  • Cerebral palsy can be the result of an injury to a baby's brain in the womb, during delivery, or some time after birth. (
  • Birth injuries like cerebral palsy and Erb's palsey are very difficult for parents to deal with. (
  • The long term risk of harm to a baby who is born after prolonged and arrested labor is cerebral palsy and hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). (