The sequence in which children are born into the family.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Age of the biological father.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Persons or animals having at least one parent in common. (American College Dictionary, 3d ed)
The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The number of males per 100 females.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
Size and composition of the family.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Interactions and relationships between sisters and/or brothers. The concept also applies to animal studies.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).
A pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents (Dorland, 27th ed).
Female parents, human or animal.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.
A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.
Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Allergic rhinitis that occurs at the same time every year. It is characterized by acute CONJUNCTIVITIS with lacrimation and ITCHING, and regarded as an allergic condition triggered by specific ALLERGENS.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.
A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.
Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.
A personality disorder marked by a pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (DSM-IV)
Standardized objective tests designed to facilitate the evaluation of personality.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
All deaths reported in a given population.
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.

Familial aggregation of blood pressure in a rural Chinese community. (1/355)

This study investigated blood pressure in 1,183 Chinese nuclear families (mother, father, and first two children) via a cross-sectional 1994-1997 survey. The mother's, the father's, and the first sibling's blood pressures were each significantly and independently related to the second sibling's blood pressure after adjustment for sex, age, height, weight, education, smoking, and alcohol consumption. The association was consistent across the four age strata (6-10, 11-14, 15-19, and > or = 20 years). The rate of high systolic blood pressure in the second sibling was lowest (2.3%) when both parents and the first sibling were in the low blood pressure tertile (low-low group) and highest (26.0%) when these family members were in the high blood pressure tertile (high-high group). The rate was intermediate if only the parents (10.7%, high-low group) or the first sibling (8.4%, low-high group) was in the high blood pressure tertile. As compared with the low-low group, the odds ratios for the high-high, high-low, and low-high groups were 14.3 (95% confidence interval 4.3-48.2), 4.3 (95% confidence interval 1.2-15.6), and 3.9 (95% confidence interval 1.1-14.4), respectively. A similar pattern was found for diastolic blood pressure. The data indicate a strong familial aggregation of blood pressure in this population and show that such a familial influence on blood pressure can be detected from early childhood onward.  (+info)

The relationship of family size and spacing to the growth of preschool Mayan children in Guatemala. (2/355)

The height of preschool Mayan children is analyzed with respect to family size and the spacing of their siblings, controlling for parental heights and weights. Data on 643 cases were abstracted from the records of two previous longitudinal studies on the health of children under age five years living in the highlands of Guatemala. Height at age three years is estimated from the linear regression equations fitted for each child to measurements of height repeated at three-month intervals from ages one to four years. Family size is expressed in terms of birth rank, live siblings, and the number of dependent and independent family members. Family spacing is measured as birth intervals, i.e., the number of months between the birth of the index child and his previous and subsequent siblings. Most previous studies have reported that height decreases as family size increases. This study shows that Mayan children from both small and large families are taller than those from middle-sized families. Evidence is presented to support the hypothesis that children in large families are relatively tall because their early-born siblings contribute to the family fortunes. Birth intervals are positively correlated with height. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for family planning.  (+info)

Family factors affecting child development. (3/355)

In a large, geographically defined population of children a number of family factors in addition to social class, determined by the father's occupation, were recorded by health visitors and school nurses with routine responsibility for these children. The quality of the children in normal schools was assessed in terms of nonverbal IQ and height at the ages of 5 and 10 years, and of behavior as reported by the teacher at the age of 10 years. By analysis of variance the sum of the independent effects of the other family factors greatly outweighed that of occupational social class, except in the case of the IQ at 10 years. The most important of the other family factors was the quality of the mother's care of her child during the first 3 years of life.  (+info)

The determinants of infant and child mortality in Tanzania. (4/355)

This paper investigates the determinants of infant and child mortality in Tanzania using the 1991/92 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey. A hazards model is used to assess the relative effect of the variables hypothesized to influence under-five mortality. Short birth intervals, teenage pregnancies and previous child deaths are associated with increased risk of death. The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania should therefore maintain its commitment to encouraging women to space their births at least two years apart and delay childbearing beyond the teenage years. Further, this study shows that there is a remarkable lack of infant and child mortality differentials by socioeconomic subgroups of the population, which may reflect post-independence health policy and development strategies. Whilst lack of socioeconomic differentials can be considered an achievement of government policies, mortality remains high so there is still a long way to go before Tanzania achieves its stated goal of 'Health for All'.  (+info)

Early childhood infection and atopic disorder. (5/355)

BACKGROUND: Atopy is of complex origins but the recent rise in atopic diseases in westernized communities points to the action of important environmental effects. One candidate mechanism is the changing pattern of microbial exposure in childhood. This epidemiological study investigated the relationship between childhood infections and subsequent atopic disease, taking into account a range of social and medical variables. METHODS: A total of 1934 subjects representing a retrospective 1975-84 birth group at a family doctor practice in Oxfordshire were studied. Public health and practice records were reviewed; temporal records were made of all diagnoses of infections and their treatments, all immunisations, and diagnoses of asthma, hay fever and eczema; maternal atopy and a number of other variables were documented. RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis identified three statistically significant predictors of subsequent atopic disease: maternal atopy (1.97, 95% CI 1.46 to 2.66, p < 0.0001), immunisation with whole-cell pertussis vaccine (1.76, 95% CI 1.39 to 2.23, p < 0.0001), and treatment with oral antibiotics in the first two years of life (2.07, 95% CI 1.64 to 2.60, p < 0.0001). There was no significant association found for maternal smoking, bottle feeding, sibship size, or social class. CONCLUSIONS: The prediction of atopic disease by maternal atopy mainly reflects the effect of acknowledged genetic factors. Interpretation of the prediction of atopic disorders by immunisation with wholecell pertussis vaccine and treatment with oral antibiotics needs to be very cautious because of the possibilities of confounding effects and reverse causation. However, plausible immune mechanisms are identifiable for the promotion of atopic disorders by both factors and further investigation of these association is warranted.  (+info)

Complications of varicella in a defined central European population. (6/355)

AIMS: To describe complications of varicella requiring hospitalisation in a defined population (canton of Bern) and to compare the hospitalisation rates for varicella with published data. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of hospital records of patients less than 16 years of age admitted with complications of varicella to the hospitals serving this population (University Children's Hospital of Bern and the Wildermeth Children's Hospital of Biel, Switzerland), and calculation of hospitalisation rates for varicella and its complications based on birth rates and varicella antibody prevalence rates. RESULTS: From 1986 to 1996, 113 cases (median age, 5.6 years) were identified. Younger siblings were overrepresented (odds ratio (OR), 1.42; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.09 to 1.84). Central nervous system (CNS) complications (26 patients; 23%) were found predominantly in previously healthy children (relative risk, 7.1; 95% CI, 1.01 to 49.86). Group A beta haemolytic streptococci were recovered from only one of 35 patients with bacterial complications. The hospitalisation rates for primary varicella (9.2/10(4) cases; 95% CI, 7.4 to 11/10(4), skin infections (2.0/10(4) cases; 95% CI, 1.2 to 2.9/10(4), and pneumonia (0.8/10(4) cases; 95% CI, 0.3 to 1.3/10(4)) were significantly lower than reported previously. The CNS complication rate (2.2/10(4) cases; 95% CI, 1.3 to 3.1/10(4) was among the highest rates reported. CONCLUSIONS: The low hospitalisation rate in comparison with studies from elsewhere indicates that there is a large regional variability in complications associated with varicella. Such data should be taken into consideration when local varicella immunisation strategies are developed.  (+info)

Association between asthma and family size between 1977 and 1994. (7/355)

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Several recent reports show a negative association between asthma and family size or birth order, but this association was not detected in data collected between 10 and 30 years ago. This study compared the association between sibship size and asthma in three surveys using the same methodology in 1977, 1985/86, and 1993/94. DESIGN: Cross sectional comparison of the 1977, 1985/86, and 1993/94 surveys. SETTINGS: Study areas in England and Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: Parents of children between 5 to 11 years in England and Scotland were asked about asthma and bronchitis attacks in the last 12 months, and wheeze in their child. Approximately 9000 children participated in each of the surveys. RESULTS: The overall association between asthma, defined as asthma attacks or wheeze, and total number of siblings was not significant (p = 0.22), but an only child had a higher prevalence of asthma than children with siblings (OR 0.87 95% CI 0.76 to 0.98). The interaction between year of survey and sibship size on asthma was not significant (p = 0.36). There was no association between asthma and birth order. A significant interaction between social class and year of survey on asthma was detected (p = 0.004). In the 1993/94 survey children whose fathers had a semi or unskilled manual occupation had a higher prevalence of asthma (16%) than children whose fathers belonged to other social classes (13%). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides only marginal support for a change over time of the association between sibship size and asthma. Based on recent reports the nature of the exposure agent that may explain the association remains controversial. This study suggests a disproportionate increase of asthma in lower social classes.  (+info)

Births: final data for 1997. (8/355)

OBJECTIVES: This report presents 1997 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal demographic characteristics including age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, marital status, and educational attainment; maternal lifestyle and health characteristics (medical risk factors, weight gain, and tobacco and alcohol use); medical care utilization by pregnant women (prenatal care, obstetric procedures, complications of labor and/or delivery, attendant at birth, and method of delivery); and infant health characteristics (period of gestation, birthweight, Apgar score, abnormal conditions, congenital anomalies, and multiple births). Also presented are birth and fertility rates by age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status. Selected data by mother's State of residence are shown including teenage birth rates and total fertility rates, as well as data on month and day of birth, sex ratio, and age of father. Trends in fertility patterns and maternal and infant characteristics are described and interpreted. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations of data reported on the birth certificates of the 3.9 million births that occurred in 1997 are presented. RESULTS: Birth and fertility rates declined very slightly in 1997. Birth rates for teenagers fell 3 to 5 percent. Rates for women in their twenties changed very little, whereas rates for women in their thirties rose 2 percent. The number of births and the birth rate for unmarried women each declined slightly in 1997 while the percent of births that were to unmarried women was unchanged. Smoking by pregnant women overall dropped again in 1997, but continued to increase among teenagers. Improvements in prenatal care utilization continued. The cesarean delivery rate increased slightly after declining for 7 consecutive years. The proportion of multiple birth continued to rise; higher order multiple births (e.g., triplets, quadruplets) rose by 14 percent in 1997, following a 20 percent rise from 1995 to 1996. Key measures of birth outcome--the percents of low birthweight and preterm births--increased, with particularly large increases in the preterm rate. These changes are in large part the result of increases in multiple births.  (+info)

Downloadable (with restrictions)! We examine birth order effects on academic achievement for ten-year-old students using data for the entire population of fifth graders in Norway 2007/2008. The analysis thus adds to a thin empirical literature focusing on birth order effects among young children. We find that being firstborn confers a significant advantage in families with two, three and four children. The analysis makes two other contributions. First, we provide evidence that unless mothers age at childbirth is included among the control variables, only small and imprecise birth order effects are revealed in families with low socioeconomic status. Second, we provide some evidence that the birth order effects differ across families with highly educated and less educated mothers, which lend support to the resource dilution model over the confluence model.
While recent research finds strong evidence that birth order affects childrens outcomes such as education and earnings, the evidence on the effects of birth order on IQ is decidedly mixed. This paper uses a large dataset on the population of Norway that allows us to precisely measure birth order effects on IQ using both cross-sectional and within-family methods. Importantly, irrespective of method, we find a strong and significant effect of birth order on IQ, and our results suggest that earlier born children have higher IQs. Our preferred estimates suggest differences between first-borns and second-borns of about one fifth of a standard deviation or approximately 3 IQ points. Despite these large average effects, birth order only explains about 3% of the within-family variance of IQ. When we control for birth endowments, the estimated birth order effects increase. Thus, our analysis suggests that birth order effects are not biologically determined. Also, there is no evidence that birth order ...
Using sibling data from the German Life History Study and fixed-effects models, I find that birth order has a strong negative effect on educational attainment in West Germany-being born later translates to less education. The strength of the birth order effect is comparable to those of many commonly used family background indicators. This finding contrasts many sceptical accounts of birth order found in the sociological and psychological literatures. The results of this study also show the sensitivity of birth order estimates to model specification, pointing to a likely cause for conflicting results in the previous literature. Birth order effects are weaker for females and in larger families, but do not vary according to families socioeconomic characteristics. The effects are likewise strong at transition from compulsory school to Gymnasium, but not significant on the transition from Gymnasium to university. Overall, the results do not support theories emphasizing the dilution of socioeconomic ...
STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to examine if there is an effect of fathers age and of birth order on the occurrence of congenital heart disease. DESIGN--This was a hospital based case-referent study including use of birth defects surveillance data. SUBJECTS--Subjects were 497 cases of congenital heart disease aged between 3 months and 5 years, born in Beijing and Hebei Province, China; 6222 children without congenital heart disease serve as reference baseline. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS--With stratified analysis and logistic regression analyses, congenital heart disease was found to be associated with fathers age less than 25 years (odds ratio 2.63), independent of mothers age and of birth order. There was also evidence to show a higher birth order effect on the occurrence of congenital heart disease independent of parental ages. CONCLUSION--Higher birth order and fathers aged less than 25 years were both independently associated with some categories of congenital heart disease and with ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! It is commonly believed that birth order is an important determinant of success. However, previous studies in this area have failed to provide convincing evidence that birth order is related to test scores, education, or earnings. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth--1979, we investigate the association between birth order and adolescent behaviors such as smoking, drinking, marijuana use, sexual activity, and crime. Our estimates show that middle borns and last borns are much more likely to use substances and be sexually active than their firstborn counterparts. These results provide the strongest evidence to date that birth order is related to measurable behaviors. (JEL I12, J12, J13) Copyright 2006, Oxford University Press.
This study uses Swedish population register data to investigate the relationship between birth order and mortality at ages 30 to 69 for Swedish cohorts born between 1938 and 1960, using a within-family comparison. The main analyses are conducted with discrete-time survival analysis using a within-family comparison, and the estimates are adjusted for age, mothers age at the time of birth, and cohort. Focusing on sibships ranging in size from two to six, we find that mortality risk in adulthood increases with later birth order. The results show that the relative effect of birth order is greater among women than among men. This pattern is consistent for all the major causes of death but is particularly pronounced for mortality attributable to cancers of the respiratory system and to external causes. Further analyses in which we adjust for adult socioeconomic status and adult educational attainment suggest that social pathways only mediate the relationship between birth order and mortality risk in ...
Background Birth order has been suggested to be linked to several cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, but the evidence is still inconsistent. We aim to determine the associations of birth order with body mass index (BMI), muscle strength and blood pressure. Further we will analyse whether these relationships are affected by family characteristics. Methods BMI, elbow flexion, hand grip and knee extension strength and systolic and diastolic blood pressure were measured at conscription examination in 1 065 710 Swedish young men born between 1951 and 1975. The data were analysed using linear multivariate and fixed effects regression models; the latter compare siblings and account for genetic and social factors shared by brothers. Results Fixed effect regression analysis showed that birth order was inversely associated with BMI: second and third born had 0.8% and 1.1% ( ...
We conducted a direct test of an immunological explanation of the finding that gay men have a greater number of older brothers than do heterosexual men. This explanation posits that some mothers develop antibodies against a Y-linked protein important in male brain development, and that this effect becomes increasingly likely with each male gestation, altering brain structures underlying sexual orientation in their later-born sons. Immune assays targeting two Y-linked proteins important in brain development-protocadherin 11 Y-linked (PCDH11Y) and neuroligin 4 Y-linked (NLGN4Y; isoforms 1 and 2)-were developed. Plasma from mothers of sons, about half of whom had a gay son, along with additional controls (women with no sons, men) was analyzed for male protein-specific antibodies. Results indicated women had significantly higher anti-NLGN4Y levels than men. In addition, after statistically controlling for number of pregnancies, mothers of gay sons, particularly those with older brothers, had ...
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of family size, birth order, socioeconomic status, and parent-child relationships to young childrens intellectual development. Seventy-four children, 39 boys and 35 girls, with a mean age of 4 years-8 months, and their parents (mothers and fathers), selected from 9 preschool programs and daycare centers in Corvallis, Oregon, acted as subjects for this study. Ninety-five percent of the families came from upper or upper-middle socioeconomic classes. All the families were intact, consisting of children and their biological parents, representing one-, two, and three-child families. The children in this study were either first-, second- or third-born children. Family socioeconomic status was determined via Hollingsheads Four Factor Index of Social Status. Information on family size and birth order was obtained through a Demographic Questionnaire. Parent-child relationship was assessed via the Parent Attitude Research Instrument-Short ...
Were taking a fascinating look at what your birth order says about you.Have you ever wondered what role birth order played in your personality, your job and how you get along with others?While there are a lot of stereotypes about the baby or the oldest in the family, there are many personality ...
First-born girls can be overweight or obese than their later-born sisters. That is what a new Swedish study suggests. Find the best Cyber Monday Deals 2017. Older girls can be 29% overweight and 40% more obese than their younger sisters, according to the study. Researchers came to this conclusion after looking at the data of more than 13,000 pairs of Swedish born sisters.. All the participants were at least 18 years old and pregnant. The information about their weights at the time of birth was obtained from Swedish National Birth Register. Their height and weight as being adults was taken during their first prenatal visit when they were about 10 to 12 weeks pregnant. At birth, first-borns were lighter than the second-born. But when they reached to adulthood, they were heavier than their younger sisters. They were slightly taller as well (1.2 mm).. In the first three months of pregnancy, first-born women also have a marginally higher Body Mass Index (BMI) than their younger sister. Though, the ...
Background The incidence rates of childhood onset type 1 diabetes are almost universally increasing across the globe but the aetiology of the disease remains largely unknown. We investigated whether birth order is associated with the risk of childhood diabetes by performing a pooled analysis of previous studies. Methods Relevant studies published before January 2010 were identified from MEDLINE, Web of Science and EMBASE. Authors of studies provided individual patient data or conducted pre-specified analyses. Meta-analysis techniques were used to derive combined odds ratios (ORs), before and after adjustment for confounders, and investigate heterogeneity. Results Data were available for 6 cohort and 25 case-control studies, including 11 955 cases of type 1 diabetes. Overall, there was no evidence of an association prior to adjustment for confounders. After adjustment for maternal age at birth and other confounders, a reduction in the risk of diabetes in second- or later born children became ...
Parents may increase the risk of myopia in their first-born children by devoting more attention to their education, a new study suggests.
Being the younger child in a large African Family: a study of birth order as a risk factor for poor health using the demographic and health surveys for 18 countries. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
While recent research finds strong evidence that birth order affects childrens outcomes such as education, IQ scores, and earnings, the evidence for effects on
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Kristensen and his colleagues, reporting in Thursdays online version of the journal Science, also concluded it doesnt matter if you arent really the first child. [...] he added with a chuckle, his sister, an FBI intelligence analyst with a degree in literature, reads mostly trashy romance novels. Frank Sulloway, a UC Berkeley professor and birth order expert who wrote an accompanying commentary for Science, noted that the difference in IQ between the oldest child and siblings was a measly 2.3 points. Sulloway said the findings dont really mean much for individual families, but they do have larger implications for the overall population in that older siblings who do better on standardized tests, in fact, tend to get into better colleges. The results put to rest one theory among researchers that a difference in IQ is due to some adverse effects during subsequent pregnancies, Kristensen said. San Rafael psychologist and first-born child Ann Buscho theorized that older siblings might do better on
Births.-Returns for July from thirty-four counties, including thirteen freeholders charter cities, give a total of 579 living births. All were white children, except 7 negroes, 2 Chinese, and 3 Japanese. The total number of males was 290 as compared with 289 females, but among the white children alone the boys numbered 288 and the girls only 279.. There were 10 plural births, each being a case of twins. Two children were the twelfth born to their respective mothers, 3 the eleventh, and 1 the tenth. On the other hand, 208 or 35.9 per cent were first-born children, 120 or 20.7 per cent second children, 77 or 13.3 per cent third children, 41 or 7.1 per cent fourth children, and only 88 or 15.2 per cent the fifth or over born, the information not being stated for 45 or 7.8 per cent of all. By taking successive totals, it appears that while more than one third (35.9 per cent) were first-born, about five ninths (56.6 per cent) were second children or less, seven tenths (69.9 per cent) were third ...
And here are six random things about me: 1) I was thought to be twins. Twins run very heavily in my family, especially with firstborn children. My Mom and my Dads mom are twins. Luckily for the world, I was a single birth. They determined this back in the early 60s by x-raying my mom with me in the womb(!), 2) My great great grandfather invented the horse-hay rake and hes mentioned in an old eighth grade Texas history book, 3) I graduated from Texas A&Ms original sister school, Texas Womans University in 83, 4) I am the only short, blue-eyed blonde in my family. However, I look just like my dad (in a short, blue-eyed blondy kind of way), so that negates speculation regarding my Mom having illicit liaisons with the postman, 5) My shoe size is 6.5EE which is why I own few pairs of shoes and go barefoot most of the year, 6) I do not have a palmaris longus in either forearm. This is a genetic trait; my Dad doesnt have them either. Bummer if I need a tendon transfer as this is the first one a ...
From his earliest years, according to Montaigne biographer Sarah Bakewell,2 Montaigne was so afraid of losing his life that he could no longer enjoy it while he had it. A number of traumas contributed to the obsession. As a 15-year-old student (1548), Montaigne watched an angry mob brutally murder the town governor. In 1563 Montaignes beloved friend, Étienne de La Boétie, humanist writer, poet, and scholar, died from the plague. In 1568 his father died from kidney stone complications. In 1569 his brother Arnaud was struck on the head by a ball playing tennis. In 1570 the first-born child of his marriage died. Montaigne wrote, With such frequent and ordinary examples passing before our eyes, how can we possibly rid ourselves of the thought of death and of the idea that at every moment it is gripping us by the throat?2(p13) ...
From his earliest years, according to Montaigne biographer Sarah Bakewell,2 Montaigne was so afraid of losing his life that he could no longer enjoy it while he had it. A number of traumas contributed to the obsession. As a 15-year-old student (1548), Montaigne watched an angry mob brutally murder the town governor. In 1563 Montaignes beloved friend, Étienne de La Boétie, humanist writer, poet, and scholar, died from the plague. In 1568 his father died from kidney stone complications. In 1569 his brother Arnaud was struck on the head by a ball playing tennis. In 1570 the first-born child of his marriage died. Montaigne wrote, With such frequent and ordinary examples passing before our eyes, how can we possibly rid ourselves of the thought of death and of the idea that at every moment it is gripping us by the throat?2(p13) ...
The team came to Christy and Mike and told them Lauren needed to get to Golisano Childrens Hospital at the University of Rochester Medical Center now. She needed the specialists there.. Christy was pushed in a wheelchair to see her first-born child in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) before Lauren was taken by ambulance to Rochester. The seriousness of the situation was weighing on Christy. She wanted to go with Lauren, but she had just had major surgery and couldnt be discharged. Her obstetrician, who always has a very calm and professional demeanor, came into the NICU, hugged Christy and started crying.. Christy had to go back to her room, while Mike rushed to Rochester to be with their daughter. Christys mother stayed with her to help her get discharged from the maternity ward as quickly as possible. I was hearing all these babies cry, and my baby was not there, Christy said. You just never realize… you never think this is going to happen.. When Lauren arrived in the NICU at ...
Since this is not my first rodeo, Ill shed a little light for those unfamiliar with the concept: On Parent Visitation Day (PVD, as I like to call it), parents follow their student(s) around from class to class in order to get a feel for what their day is like. Spoiler alert: its long, chaotic and exactly as you remember middle school to be.. When it comes to this shadow day, there are three types of parents: The super excited class participators who think this is the best idea ever (most likely, theyre with their first-born child and this is their first experience with PVD); The badass rebel whos been through it before and says, Nope. Been there, done that, so they skip it (hey, no judgement here!); And the reluctant rule-follower whos there begrudgingly and will most likely cut out early. I fall in the third category, although I wish I was in the second.. Having already gone through this torture three other times with my older son, I swore Id never do it again. The first time, when my ...
The start of kindergarten is bittersweet for most parents. On one hand, were excited for the new experiences that await our youngsters as they begin their school careers; at the same time, we mourn the passing of the baby years. How quickly they grow up.. While our first-born child, Julian, is now in university, I clearly remember the day he started junior kindergarten. He was so proud to be going to the big school, carrying his new backpack and wearing the outfit that his grandmother had given him to mark this special occasion.. Me, I was ready to cry. Not just because JK represented a new milestone - my 4-year-old was growing up - but out of fear that he might have an allergic reaction at school.. Julian had been diagnosed with peanut allergy only six months earlier. My husband Victor and I were still getting used to the routine of reading food labels, preparing safe meals, and remembering to carry an epinephrine auto-injector everywhere.. Now, as our son moved out of our protective bubble ...
It was such a lot of fun to see objects from various Grimm tales being used in the modern day (for instance, the Table-Be-Set - it sounds delicious! Who wouldnt want one of those?) I really, really liked Elizabeths descriptions of the magic through scent; there were such a lot of different, fabulous and creative odors that Shulman included in there and it definitely made the reading experience more visceral. Also, the abstract nature of the deposits required for anyone to rent out a Grimm Collection object was fantastic and really made you think about what youd be willing to give away. Your first-born child? Your sense of direction? Your childhood memories? Your free will? The weighty importance of these attributes also lent more credibility to the premise of loaning magical objects, because it gives a definite incentive for having the borrower return it ...
I am reminded every time I pray the Joyful Mysteries, that every one of Marys joys was tinged with sorrow. The joy and pride of showing off your firstborn child is a cherished memory of many a mother. I remember bringing Gabriela to Mass for the first time, and the crowd that gathered around to congratulate Francisco and I. We beamed with pride. Imagine if one of the friends had said, your daughter is going to die in a car crash, and your heart will be broken. How would you react to such a dire prediction snatching away the joy of this moment ...
The cognitive changes associated with normal human aging can profoundly affect the processes underlying self-reports of opinions and behaviors, giving rise to age-sensitive context effects. As a result, any observed age difference in self-reported attitudes and behaviors can reflect (a) a true difference, (b) a difference in the response process, or (c) an unknown mixture of both. In this paper the author illustrates the problem by highlighting three age-sensitive context effects that are sufficiently pronounced to thwart meaningful cohort comparisons: question order effects, response order effects, and the effects of alternative responses. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved) (from the create). ...
Nevertheless, it is important to realize that p/p interactions, dipole/dipole interactions, and hydrogen bonding, are not different types of interaction but are all polar interactions but of different strength. In fact, many more terms have been introduced to describe subtly different enthalpic and entropic contributions to retention. Again one should remember Einsteins comment on first order effects being simple. However, in fairness, it must be said that, in many cases, these extra terms are often introduced to take into account many second order effects. One final point, standard energy is a bulk property, and in this approach, where a portion is allotted to a particular type of interaction, e.g., dispersive, it will include all dispersive interactions throughout the whole molecule. It will account for the net effect of many interactions involving all dispersive groups and all other groups (including polar) that can offer dispersive interactivity and not solely for a specific interaction ...
The poor state of child health in India has generated a number of puzzles that have received attention in the literature. A recent focus on birth orde...
Military oriented website specifically for wives and families of military personnel. This site will teach you about the United States Armed Forces with knowledge on ranks, medals, and much more.
I have discovered a possible new way to interpret the HotU prophecies. (Who hasnt heard that a million times?) I think the order of the prophecies migh...
Vasculogenesis is a complex process by which endothelial stem and progenitor cells undergo de novo vessel formation. Quantitative assessment of vasculogenesis has become a central readout of endothelial progenitor cell functionality, and therefore, several attempts have been made to improve both in vitro and in vivo vasculogenesis models. However, standard methods are limited in scope, with static measurements failing to capture many aspects of this highly dynamic process. Therefore, the goal of developing this novel protocol was to assess the kinetics of in vitro vasculogenesis in order to quantitate rates of network formation and stabilization, as well as provide insight into potential mechanisms underlying vascular dysfunction ...
For each additional brother that precedes him, a boys chance of growing up to be gay increases by a third. A fascinating article and commentary in the current issue of Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. now make the point that the social influence of an older brother is irrelevant to whether his younger brother will develop a homosexual orientation. It is the number of older biological brothers the mother carried, not the presence of older brothers while growing up, that makes some boys grow up to be gay. Older stepbrothers in the home have no effect, although older biological brothers raised apart still exert their influence. These data, by elimination, strengthen the notion that the common denominator between biological brothers, the mother, provides a prenatal environment that fosters homosexuality in her younger sons ...
The Madras High Court Tuesday reserved its orders on a petition of the Apollo Hospitals, seeking quashing of proceedings related to two Government Orders of September 2017 over treatment given to former chief minister Jayalalithaa before her death.
Continuation of Antidumping Duty Order on Certain Small Diameter Carbon and Alloy Seamless Standard, Line and Pressure Pipe from Germany, 28026-28027 [E7-9636]
Of 2,348 children born to women who later developed diabetes, 12.6 per cent had a recollected birth weight exceeding 10 lb. (4.5 kg.), compared with 5 per cent of a control group. The proportion of these heavy babies did not increase, as the diagnosis approached and was as great forty to sixty as zero to twenty years betore the diabetes was recognized. It was the same in each birth rank.. Men show no increased tendency to beget very large babies before the onset of diabetes.. The stillbirth rate in the five years preceding the diagnosis of diabetes was 13.8 per cent but before that period was not in excess of that in the general population.. ...
Bioconductor version: Development (3.12) Single cell Higher Order Testing (scHOT) is an R package that facilitates testing changes in higher order structure of gene expression along either a developmental trajectory or across space. scHOT is general and modular in nature, can be run in multiple data contexts such as along a continuous trajectory, between discrete groups, and over spatial orientations; as well as accommodate any higher order measurement such as variability or correlation. scHOT meaningfully adds to first order effect testing, such as differential expression, and provides a framework for interrogating higher order interactions from single cell data.. Author: Shila Ghazanfar [aut, cre], Yingxin Lin [aut] Maintainer: Shila Ghazanfar ,shazanfar at gmail.com, ...
Many things define who we are before we get here. Are you a summer baby or a Christmas miracle? Whats your birthstone? Birth order? How about your birth story? I had two distinct pregnancies and…
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I know this is not a random sampling at all, but Im one of those folks with a remarkable number of Type 1 diabetics in one family. I am one of three diabetic siblings out of 6. The diabetics were #2, #4, and #5 in birth order. My endo told me that some kidney complications are now thought to have a genetic marker associated with them, and that if you have not had kidney problems after a certain number of years with diabetes, your chances are extremely low of ever developing it. My brother nearly died of kidney failure and then had a kidney transplant after about 20 years with diabetes. Ive been very fortunate that after 30 years with diabetes, I have no sign of kidney complications, so Im hoping I dont have the tendency. My sister is doing okay, too, after about 25 years. Arlie Sims Chicago _________________________________________________________________ MSN Photos is the easiest way to share and print your photos: http://photos.msn.com/support/worldwide.aspx ...
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have evidence suggesting that neurons in the developing brains of mice are guided by a simple but elegant birth order rule that allows them to find and form their proper connections.
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows: Section 1. P
Hi there,. I have a model of the front of a face.. I am trying to reorder the vertex index numbers so that rather than being arranged randonly over the surface of the face they are organised top/down and left/right.. That way I can do various things in MoGraph like sweep nurbs and clone objects to the vertices and animate them on in an ordered way.. Is there a way of rebuilding the existingindex order? I thought perhaps with the shader effector but I cant figure out the correct way to do this.. Many thanks in adavnce.. Matthew. ...
In July 2005, the FDA banned the use of an animal antibiotic called Baytril, citing a threat to human health. Baytril, used to treat infections in chickens and…
In Scientific Computing, space-filling curves are quite commonly used as tools to improve certain properties of data structures or algorithms, or even to provide or simplify algorithmic solutions to p
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He Calls Me Ma.. My firstborn.. Inquisitive from the start Not afraid to make his mark Never often out of place One step ahead in any race Humble in every possible way Yet.. Not afraid to have his say I watched with pride as he took his first steps Even more so when he eased…
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In birth order. Cardinal Wolsey (1473-1530), cardinal and politician, was briefly lord of the manor up to 1530, when he fell ...
"Birth of the Order". Retrieved 20 April 2013. The History Channel, Decoding the Past: The Templar Code, 7 November 2005, video ... Jewish rabbis ordered the restart of animal sacrifice for the first time since the time of Second Temple and started to ... The second was built in 1297 by order of a Mameluk king, the third by a governor of Jerusalem in 1329, and the last in 1367. ... In a letter attributed to Julian he wrote to the Jews that "This you ought to do, in order that, when I have successfully ...
No evidence of birth order effects have been observed in women. The theory holds that the fraternal birth order effect is a ... A gene of the Rh system has been discussed as a possible candidate for affecting fraternal birth order, as it has been linked ... Most, but not all, studies have been able to reproduce the fraternal birth order effect. Some did not find any statistically ... However, Blanchard reanalyzed Frisch's 2006 Danish study and found the birth order effect was in-fact present. In conjunction ...
In order of birth. John of Wisbech (died 1349) was in charge of the erection of the Lady Chapel at Ely Cathedral in the first ... Names in birth order: Ray DaSilva, born 1933 in Wisbech, puppeteer, founded the DaSilva Puppet Company. After touring overseas ... She changed her name back to Southwell by an Act of Parliament in 1791 in order to inherit from her brother Edward. Buried at ... On 4 September a Report was made to the Lords Justices of 14 malfactors condemned at Wisbech for a riot, when 2 were ordered ...
"Is birth order important?". HowStuffWorks. April 23, 2019. Retrieved March 20, 2021. "What Were Human Zoos?". HowStuffWorks. ...
Birth order name[edit]. A birth order name is chosen from a few typical names according to the position of the child in the ... Both boys and girls receive birth order name from a small typical group of names for each birth order position. These names may ... The Ksatria often use birth order names. Sometimes the Kastria borrow the whole order of the farmer caste names, so it is ... birth order of siblings. The people of Bali use the birth order name to refer to one another. ...
Numerals and birth order patterns[edit]. People with the same name as their father are registered as Junior (abbreviated to Jr ... The Tagalog language is one of the few national languages in Asia to practically use the Western name order while formally ... Filipinos may have one or more official given names (as registered in their birth certificates and baptismal certificates) and ... using the eastern name order. The Philippine naming custom is identical to the Spanish and Portuguese name customs and, to an ...
Birth order[edit]. Those born first in their families and only children are hypothesized to be more driven to seek leadership ... following list organized in alphabetical order): assertiveness, authenticity, Big Five personality factors, birth order, ... Task-oriented leadership is a style in which the leader is focused on the tasks that need to be performed in order to meet a ... Profit over People: neoliberalism and global order, N. Chomsky, 1999 Ch. "Consent without Consent", p. 53 ...
Studying whether and how children's order of birth affects how much resources their parents give them, Behrman and Taubman find ... These differences are then reflected in the relationship between children's birth order and their (age-adjusted) schooling and ... Behrman, J.R., Taubman, P. (1986). Birth Order, Schooling, and Earnings. Journal of Labor Economics, 4(3), pp. 121-145. Behrman ...
... arranged by category and date of birth. Entries are in birth order. The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (ODNB) is pay- ... 1847-1913) Mary Potter, Catholic nun, founder of the religious order of The Little Company of Mary, established its first ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "NOTTINGHAM footballer Jermaine Pennant has claimed the birth of his son has reformed ...
They are, in birth order; Rosanna Caviglia was born and raised in the Casentino Valley and made a living as an elementary ... Once the news broke about the birth, it brought them instant fame in their native Italy, where they were compared to the ... "List of sextuplet births with birthdates". Archived from the original on 2014-07-16. Retrieved 2009-01-31. Corriere della Sera ...
Mendis, Patrick (2013-04-09). "Birth of a Pacific Order , Harvard International Review". Harvard International Review. Archived ... Peaceful War: How the Chinese Dream and the American Destiny Create a Pacific New World Order is a book written by Patrick ... Peaceful War: How the Chinese Dream and the American Destiny Create a New Pacific World Order. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers ... Peaceful War: How the Chinese Dream and the American Destiny Create a New Pacific World Order: Patrick Mendis: 9780761861867: ...
In date-of-birth order. See also Category:People from Llandovery Twm Siôn Cati (16th c.), figure in Welsh folklore, sometimes ...
Names are in birth order. Data are from the subject's Wikipedia article except where referenced. Henry Compton (Charles ...
Adela and Stephen's children are listed here in probable birth order. Their birth order is uncertain. William, Count of Sully ...
The organization is in birth order. Media related to Adachi clan at Wikimedia Commons This article incorporates text from ...
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (III) (2011). "Rank Order - Life expectancy at birth". The World Factbook. Archived from the ... According to the CIA World Factbook, the annual birth rate is estimated at 40.2 births per 1,000 inhabitants in 2015, and the ... Straus, Scott (2013). The Order of Genocide: race, power, and war in Rwanda. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0 ... World Bank (IV). "Mortality rate, under-5 (per 1,000 live births)". Archived from the original on 14 November 2018. Retrieved ...
"Effects of Birth Order and Sibling Sex Composition on Human Capital Investment in Children in India" (PDF). Institute of ... In New Zealand, European colonizers chose any son to succeed to the family farm, without regards to his fraternal birth order, ... Choe MK, Hao H, Wang F (Spring-Summer 1995). "Effects of gender, birth order, and other correlates on childhood mortality in ... It was according to this idiom of superiority and inferiority of lineages derived from birth order that legal claims to ...
"Parenthood - Birth registration and parental orders". Government of the United Kingdom. 2 September 2009. Archived from the ... "The Overseas Marriage (Armed Forces) Order 2014" (PDF). "MILPERSMAN 1300-314" (PDF). "The Virgin Islands Constitution Order ... meaning both can now be named on a child's birth certificate, amending the Registration of Births and Deaths Regulations 1987. ... the relevant legislation was an Order in Council, the Homosexual Offences (Northern Ireland) Order 1982, which came into force ...
"Birth Order: Dr. Phil's Sisters Talk". Peteski Productions, Inc. 2002. Archived from the original on February 14, 2008. ... In March 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the company expanded its bandwidth and increased its pool of therapists in order ...
"Birth Order - baby, Definition, Description, Common problems". www.healthofchildren.com. Joshua K. Hartshorne. "How Birth Order ... "Personality Traits Linked To Birth Order". CBS News. Schachter, Stanley (3 July 1963). "Birth Order, Eminence and Higher ... He argued that birth order can leave an indelible impression on an individual's style of life, which is one's habitual way of ... After investigating the birth order of the U.S presidents, important leaders were also looked at and showed the same outcome; a ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Berry, John M. (31 March 2013). "Birth of the postwar economic order". USA Today. v t e ... The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order is a 2013 non-fiction ... The book sheds light on how White got to dominate economic policy and was influential in the postwar economic order. "The ...
Ordered chronologically by date of birth. William Billings (1746-1800) Justin Morgan (1747-1798) Benjamin Dearborn (1754-1838) ...
In birth order: Thomas Foster (fl. 1820s), first-class cricketer with Nottingham Cricket Club (1827-28), was reportedly born in ...
1) of Rehoboth (c1605-1658[/9]); identifies his wife, Abigail Briant; and revises their children's birth order. "National ... is dated 2 May 1638 and states William's age as 62 leading to an estimate of about 1575 for his birth. His son William ...
Schachter, S. (1963) Birth order, eminence and higher education. Am. Sociol. Rev. 28:757-68. Schachter, S. (1968). Obesity and ... Schachter also studied and published many works on the subjects of obesity, group dynamics, birth order and smoking. A Review ... Schachter was also interested in research involving the original ideas of Francis Galton on eminence and birth order. It was ... Schachter, S. (1963). Birth order, eminence, and higher education. American Sociological Review, 28, 757-768. Schachter, S. ( ...
... he was ninth in birth order. In the caste system of colonial Spain, Rivera's pure Spanish blood but local birth made him a " ... ordered an expedition north to settle more northerly areas of The Californias. The newly explored northern regions became known ... "criollo", one step down in the social order from those born in Spain. Rivera entered military service in 1742, serving in ...
In birth order: John Reynolds (fl. 1600s), a tinker known as "Captain Pouch" and a leader of the 1607 anti-enclosure Midland ... Governance of Desborough lies (in descending order) with Northamptonshire County Council, Kettering Borough Council and the ...
Drinnon, Rebel, p. 5. The order of birth is unclear; Wexler (in Intimate, p. 13) notes that although Goldman writes as being ... Berkman chose to carry out the assassination, and ordered Goldman to stay behind in order to explain his motives after he went ... Her visa expired in May, and she went to Toronto in order to file another request to visit the US. However, this second attempt ... His aristocracy was neither of birth nor of purse; it was the spirit. In that respect Nietzsche was an anarchist, and all true ...
"Does Birth Order Affect Intelligence?". Human Intelligence.. *^ a b c Alan, E.S. (2012). "Issues in Birth Order Research ... Birth order has no genetic basis.[18] The social interaction that occurs as a result of birth order however is the most notable ... The theorizing and study of birth order can be traced back to Francis Galton's (1822-1911) theory of birth order and eminence ... In 1996, interest in the science behind birth order was re-sparked when Frank Sulloway's book Born To Rebel was published. In ...
Shortly after her re-entry into society after the birth, Jasper helped arrange another marriage for her, in order to ensure the ... Margaret was then styled "Countess of Richmond and Derby".[34] She was invested as a Lady of the Order of the Garter (LG) in ... While in the care of her brother-in-law Jasper Tudor, on 28 January 1457, the Countess gave birth to a son, Henry Tudor, at ... As to the fate of the princes, it is widely held that Richard III ordered the death of his two nephews to secure his own reign ...
Collins, Paul (4 March 2014). The Birth of the West: Rome, Germany, France, and the Creation of Europe in the Tenth Century. p ... Hunyadi, Zsolt; Laszlovszky, J¢Zsef (January 2001). The Crusades and the Military Orders: Expanding the Frontiers of Medieval ... Collins, Paul (4 March 2014). The Birth of the West: Rome, Germany, France, and the Creation of Europe in the Tenth Century. p ... The rise of the cities and the emergence of the new burgher class eroded the societal, legal and economic order of feudalism.[ ...
1945 births. *People from Sydney. *Princeton University alumni. *Members of the Order of Australia ... "Debunking 'Ordering the vegetarian meal? There's more animal blood on your hands.'". All Animals Australia. 2014-11-12. ... "Ordering the vegetarian meal? There's more animal blood on your hands". The Conversation. Archived from the original on 2016- ...
Others intellectuals and authors later claimed to have published Rosicrucian documents in order to ridicule their views. The ... 1574 births. *1637 deaths. *16th-century astrologers. *16th-century English mathematicians. *16th-century English writers ...
The trial judge, Goodwin J. Knight, ordered it sealed and impounded.[7][10][12] Florabel Muir, then with the New York Daily ... Astor was expecting a baby in August, but gave birth in June in Honolulu. The child, a daughter, was named Marylyn Hauoli ... Her father then moved the family to New York City, in order for his daughter to act in motion pictures. He managed her affairs ... In 1952, by court order, Astor's diary was removed from the bank vault where it had been sequestered for 16 years and destroyed ...
... with the Learning and Teaching of Modern Languages with an Analysis of the Various Methods which may be Adopted in order to ... 1877 births. *1949 deaths. *Teachers of English as a second or foreign language ...
Security Clearance - In order to receive a commission at graduation as an officer in the U.S. Armed Forces, candidates are ... Be a citizen of the United States either by birth or naturalization, except for a limited number of international midshipmen ...
Females show aggression towards each other immediately before and after the birth of their young and will chase other females ... "Order Artiodactyla". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed ... The doe often gives birth to her spotted young in the open, but they are quickly taken to concealing vegetation, where they ... from their birth territories.[citation needed] Communication[edit]. Water deer are capable of emitting a number of sounds. The ...
Birth Defects Genetics Centre, University of South Dakota School of Medicine. "Multifactorial Inheritance". Clinical Genetics: ... A mutation resulting in a disease state is often recessive, so both alleles must be mutant in order for the disease to be ...
She was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2012 Birthday Honours for services to film.[17] ... Not because of a disavowal of the underlying principles that gave birth to that word - the commitment to liberation, dignity, ... From 1968-1970 she worked as a kitchen worker and a picture researcher for BBC in order to support herself and her work. She ...
Among several honors, he was inducted into the Brazilian Order of Scientific Merit in 2004. He was also a founder and president ... 1934 births. *Living people. *American biochemists. *Brazilian biologists. *Brazilian people of American descent ...
In May 1973, Pol Pot ordered the collectivisation of villages in the territory it controlled.[187] This move was both ... French colonial records placed his birth date on 25 May 1928,[5] but biographer Philip Short argues he was born in March 1925.[ ... Pol Pot had grown suspicious of Son Sen and in June 1997 ordered his death. Khmer Rouge cadres subsequently killed Son and 13 ... He ordered a purge of the Eastern Zone, with over 400 CPK cadres from the area being sent to S-21.[329] Aware that they would ...
The last of such destructions took place in 1706 AD when Prince Mohammad Azam carried out the orders of Mughal ruler Aurangzeb ... "Rajendra Prasad was no rubberstamp head of state (First President's birth anniversary is on Dec 3)". Business Standard India. ... in order to demand that a separate homeland for Kashmir's Hindu population be carved out of the overwhelmingly Muslim Valley of ... came to Junagadh on 12 November 1947 to direct the occupation of the state by the Indian army and at the same time ordered the ...
Afro-Cuban Comes Home: The Birth and Growth of Congo Music. Original Music cassette tape (1986). ... changing from one clave sequence to the other is a matter of reversing the order of the measures. ...
They order and make new attires especially for the festival. On the day of Navroz, they dress in their new and best clothes and ... celebrated forty days after Jesus's birth.[132] ... "The World Headquarters of the Bektashi Order - Tirana, Albania" ...
"Stop! Phil Lynott's widow orders Mitt Romney not to use Thin Lizzy music". The Independent. Retrieved 14 December 2012 ... Birth name. Philip Parris Lynott. Born. (1949-08-20)20 August 1949. West Bromwich, Staffordshire, England. ...
Avery's work marked the birth of the molecular era of genetics.[14] ...
Word order[edit]. As a head-final language, Bengali follows subject-object-verb word order, although variations to this theme ... Clause 1: All human free-manner-in equal dignity and right taken birth-take do. Their reason and intelligence exist; therefore ... "Languages in Descending Order of Strength - India, States and Union Territories - 1991 Census" (PDF). Census Data Online. ... Yes-no questions do not require any change to the basic word order; instead, the low (L) tone of the final syllable in the ...
Recipients o the Starn o Romanie Order. *Order o Merit o Duarte, Sánchez an Mella ... 1947 births. *Arroyo faimily. *Ateneo de Manila Varsity alumni. *Ateneo de Manila Varsity faculty ...
There is a story that on July 12 Carranza received a telegram from Mexican War Minister Joaquín Amaro ordering his immediate ... Every Mexican military offices was ordered to wear crape upon his sword hilt and a black brassard on his arm in honor of ... 1905 births. *1928 deaths. *Mexican aviators. *Mexican Air Force. *Mexican people of Basque descent ...
In January 1869, he received his commission as an Ensign and was ordered to the USS Idaho in May. In August, he was ordered to ... 1847 births. *1910 deaths. *United States Navy officers. *United States Naval Academy alumni ... In February 1870, he received orders to the USS Delaware.[5] In December 1870, he received orders to service with the European ... From January 9 to February 14, 1878 he served on the USS Constitution, when he was ordered to special ordnance duty in Europe.[ ...
The order Caudata is the salamanders. Newts are salamanders which spend their life in the water even though they are adults. ... Many caecilians give birth to live young, and in the animals that do not do this, the eggs may undergo metamorphosis before ... The order Anura includes the frogs and toads. There is no fundamental difference between frogs and toads. Frogs have a short ... The order Gymnophiona contains caecilians. They look like worms or snakes, but they are amphibians. Scientists say it is ...
The invention of the transistor & the birth of the information age. *. Warnes, Lionel (1998). Analogue and Digital Electronics ... Packages in order from top to bottom: TO-3, TO-126, TO-92, SOT-23. ... and the birth of modern electronics.[65] The MOS transistor has been the fundamental building block of modern digital ... here is a shortlist of the most common through-hole transistors packages in alphabetical order: ATV, E-line, MRT, HRT, SC-43, ...
Twin births have not been reported.[2]. The calf has a tawny, shaggy coat and weighs about 11 kg (24 lb). By the end of the ... Births normally take place in areas with short grass when the cow is in the lying position. She stands up immediately ... The calf is able to stand and run shortly after birth, a period of great danger for animals in the wild. It is fed by its ... In spite of regional variations, around 80% of the females give birth to their calves within a period of 2-3 weeks after the ...
1 Not a British prince by birth, but created Prince Consort. 2 Not a British prince by birth, but created a Prince of the ... The Order of the Garter ribbon.. Honi soit qui mal y pense. (Shame be to him who thinks evil of it). Other elements. The whole ... Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom Preceded by. The Prince of Wales. & Duke of Rothesay Gentlemen. The Duke of York ... Spain 2017: Order of Isabella the Catholic[120]. Appointments[edit]. *5 May 2013: Royal Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS)[116] ...
Some[who?] argue that they should be not be questioned and required to prove their gender-identity in order to make this choice ... toilets regardless of whether they use the toilet room corresponding to their gender identity or their sex assigned at birth, ... in order to be inclusive of all genders and gender identities, or using specifically geared language such as "women and trans ... "The court order gives legal sanctity to the third gender. The judges said the government must make sure that they have access ...
L'Harmattan web site (in French), Order with gold rays *^ Goldstein, Richard (August 31, 2010). "Anton Geesink, Medalist Who ... He died in 2010 aged 76 in the town of his birth. He was survived by Jans Geesink, his wife of more than 50 years; his sons ... Geesink was chosen as the Dutch Sportsman of the Year in 1957, 1961, 1964 and 1965.[1] He was awarded the Order of the Sacred ...
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The Birth Order Book: Why You Are the Way You Are is a 1982 non-fiction book by Dr. Kevin Leman on birth order and its ... "Personality Traits Linked To Birth Order". CBS News. Retrieved 22 September 2013. "No kidding: Birth order may not count". Erie ... "BIRTH ORDER: IS THE OLDEST THE WISEST?". Philadelphia Inquirer. May 12, 1985. Retrieved 22 September 2013. "Pecking order". ... Reception for The Birth Order Book and the theories espoused in the book has been mixed, with some commenting that there are " ...
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In most cases, however, social birth-order position equals biological birth-order position. Furthermore, we excluded ... birth-order position, sibship size, and data source. Birth-order position was coded in a way that distinguished between each ... to estimate within-family birth-order effects separately for each of the personality dimensions and intelligence. Birth-order ... Assessment of Birth Order and Sibship Size.. In each sample, a proxy for social birth position was derived from available ...
When we control for birth endowments, the estimated birth order effects increase. Thus, our analysis suggests that birth order ... w19111 Education, Birth Order, and Family Size. Hotz and Pantano. w19542 Strategic Parenting, Birth Order and School ... Older and Wiser? Birth Order and IQ of Young Men. Sandra E. Black, Paul J. Devereux, Kjell G. Salvanes. NBER Working Paper No. ... "Older and Wiser? Birth Order and IQ of Young Men," CESifo Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 57(1), pages 103-120 ...
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What is the relationship between birth order and personality? and find homework help for other Health questions at eNotes ... Birth Order Blues: How Parents Can Help Their Children Meet the Challenges of Birth Order. New York: Owl, 1999. Print. ... Applications of Birth Order Research Knowledge of the effects of birth order often promotes greater self-understanding in those ... For many years, research psychologists did not study birth order to any extent. One reason is that birth order is an actuarial ...
Recent Findings on Fraternal Birth Order and Homosexuality in Males. *Ray Blanchard. ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0002-4499-35211 ... Blanchard, R. Recent Findings on Fraternal Birth Order and Homosexuality in Males. Arch Sex Behav 48, 1899-1900 (2019). https ... Wampold, C. H. (2018). The association between fraternal birth order and anal-erotic roles of men who have sex with men. ... Blanchard, R. (2018a). Fraternal birth order, family size, and male homosexuality: Meta-analysis of studies spanning 25 years. ...
New assessment of the effects of birth order and socioeconomic status on birth weight. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981; 282 :683 ... New assessment of the effects of birth order and socioeconomic status on birth weight.. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981; 282 doi: ... New assessment of the effects of birth order and socioeconomic status on birth weight. ... New assessment of the effects of birth order and socioeconomic status on birth weight. ...
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  • In a 1995 article in the Los Angeles Times, University of Texas professor Toni Falbo commented that the modern family dynamic is "quite complex" and that "[relying] too heavily on birth order for answers is a mistake" due to families being "much more complicated now" due to the addition of step-siblings, half-siblings, and other various factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • We furthermore used two different analytical strategies by comparing siblings with different birth-order positions ( i ) within the same family (within-family design) and ( ii ) between different families (between-family design). (pnas.org)
  • Pepper knows about her birth siblings and seems to relish that "baby" role she never got to play, whereas at only 4, The Captain has not yet learned of his other sister. (adoption.com)
  • We construct a composite birth order index that effectively purges family size from birth order and use this to test if siblings are assigned equal shares in the family's educational resources. (repec.org)
  • This study found an ambiguous and gradual decline [in Birth order effect] from one to seven years [Age gap between siblings], but also a much bigger cliff from seven to eight years. (lesswrong.com)
  • Does having additional siblings qualitatively change how age gap modifies the Birth order effect? (lesswrong.com)
  • In these same non-Western societies, firstborns were typically found to receive more elaborate birth ceremonies than laterborns, to have power over their younger siblings, to acquire and control more parental property in adulthood, and to carry greater authority with nonfamily members. (faqs.org)
  • Mainz/Leipzig) Who we become only marginally correlates with our birth position amongst siblings. (healthcanal.com)
  • The influence of birth order and number of siblings on adolescent body composition: evidence from a Brazilian birth cohort study. (nih.gov)
  • The aim of this study was to estimate the association between birth order and number of siblings with body composition in adolescents. (nih.gov)
  • Crude and adjusted analyses of the association between birth order and number of siblings with body composition were performed using linear regression. (nih.gov)
  • This research has found that number of total siblings, and not birth order, is related to the fat mass index, fat-free mass index and BMI in adolescents. (nih.gov)
  • Conceptual model of association between birth order, number of siblings and body composition at 18 years of age. (nih.gov)
  • To evaluate the relative importance of birth order and number of siblings, we compared the fit of three different models based on their respective R2, adjusted R2, Akaike's information criterion and mean squared error. (nih.gov)
  • In model 1, only birth order and number of younger siblings were included as independent variables. (nih.gov)
  • Model 3 included the total siblings (which is equal to the birth order plus the number of younger siblings, less one), and the confounding variables of model 2. (nih.gov)
  • The order of birth is referred to as a child's position in a family in relation to their other siblings. (studymode.com)
  • A birth order name is chosen from a few typical names according to the position of the child in the birth order of siblings. (wikipedia.org)
  • What do Adler Toman say about birth order An essay on personality Back in high school I read an article in TIME about the significance of birth order among siblings. (automatisch-traden.info)
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  • But children with siblings too express unique personality types based on their birth order. (automatisch-traden.info)
  • The ideal age gap between siblings is between four to five years, as the birth order "resets" and the children can get traits outside of their birth orders. (daily-choices.com)
  • Whether you have siblings or are an only child, your birth order can help shape your personality. (doctoroz.com)
  • Siblings and our birth order have a pivotal role in developing and shaping our personality and traits. (scienceofhealthy.com)
  • Birth order defines the position of a child in siblings, such as eldest child, middle, second born and youngest. (scienceofhealthy.com)
  • Your tendencies and life choice are somewhat predictable based on your birth order or position among siblings. (scienceofhealthy.com)
  • Relationship and impact of siblings psychology in accordance with their birth order is quite a hot topic of research in field of psychology. (scienceofhealthy.com)
  • if you are youngest in siblings, you are definitely at best birth order. (scienceofhealthy.com)
  • The emotional bond between siblings is often complicated and is influenced by factors such as parental treatment, birth order , personality , and personal experiences outside the family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Now a new study , published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and based on data from 20,000 individuals, concludes that birth order does matter when it comes to IQ - with the oldest having slightly higher IQ than their younger siblings. (theconversation.com)
  • Most children have siblings and, apart from twins who are usually born within minutes of each other (but still squabble about who is older), will fit into a birth order. (theconversation.com)
  • that certainly describes my oldest (her birth mother's youngest). (adoption.com)
  • As already discussed, when an opposite-sex couple conceives a child by way of anonymous sperm donation-just as the petitioners did here-state law requires the placement of the birth mother's husband on the child's birth certificate. (arktimes.com)
  • The main analyses are conducted with discrete-time survival analysis using a within-family comparison, and the estimates are adjusted for age, mother's age at the time of birth, and cohort. (lse.ac.uk)
  • In short, a child's sibsize (or, equivalently, its mother's fertility) is an omitted variable in Jayachandran and Pande's analysis of birth order effects. (iza.org)
  • Long after birth, your mother's cells linger inside you. (newscientist.com)
  • no territories) of mother's legal residence at the time of birth. (cdc.gov)
  • Data for births in years 2003-2006 are reported for births where the mother's place of residence used the 1989 U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth, and data are recoded to "Excluded" for births where the mother's place of residence used the 2003 U.S. standard Certificate of Live Birth. (cdc.gov)
  • At least 200 product liability claims are pending in the federal Zofran litigation , all of which were filed on behalf of children who allegedly developed major birth defects due to their mother's use of the anti-nausea medication in the first trimester of pregnancy. (rxinjuryhelp.com)
  • Rates are per 1,000 women and are based on births adjusted for underregistration and numbers of women adjusted for underenumeration and misstatements of age in the censuses. (cdc.gov)
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  • Rates are live births per 1,000 women 15-44 years in specified group. (cdc.gov)
  • Literature reviews that have examined many studies and attempted to control for confounding variables tend to find minimal effects for birth order. (wikipedia.org)
  • When we control for birth endowments, the estimated birth order effects increase. (nber.org)
  • Controlling for parental education, parental age at birth and family level attributes, we find that children from larger families have lower levels of education, that there is a separate negative birth order effect, and that the family size effect does not vanish once we control for birth order. (repec.org)
  • However, in most cases we can control our financial fate - regardless of where we fall in the family pecking order. (lenpenzo.com)
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  • While recent research finds strong evidence that birth order affects children's outcomes such as education and earnings, the evidence on the effects of birth order on IQ is decidedly mixed. (nber.org)
  • the order of children's births has also been found to influence how the parents treat them. (enotes.com)
  • But when same sex couples sought to have their names placed on their adopted children's birth certificates, the Department of Vital Records personnel refused. (acluva.org)
  • order and the effect it has on your personality Some parents often wonder, what, if any, effect birth order will have on their children's personalities. (bartleby.com)
  • The rate of triplet and other higher-order multiple births increased substantially, from 37 per 100,000 live births in 1980 to 194 in 1998, a trend largely attributable to increased usage of fertility therapies. (cdc.gov)
  • During 1999--2003, the rate of triplet and higher-order multiple births has remained stable. (cdc.gov)
  • Trends in multiple births conceived using assisted reproductive technology, United States, 1997--2000. (cdc.gov)
  • Arkansas, in a nonsensical Arkansas Supreme Court ruling, said there was a biological imperative to allow only a biological parent to be listed on birth certificates of children of same-sex couples, though it imposes no such condition on children of opposite-sex couples who achieved pregnancy without contributions from both parents. (arktimes.com)
  • Taking certain drugs during pregnancy can cause birth defects. (medindia.net)
  • We investigated the hypothesis that elevated cytokines during pregnancy are a risk factor in women who gave birth to a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) or a child with neurobehavioral impairment, regardless of prenatal alcohol exposure. (readbyqxmd.com)
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  • The Birth Order Book: Why You Are the Way You Are is a 1982 non-fiction book by Dr. Kevin Leman on birth order and its potential influence on personality and development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kevin Leman author of The Birth Order Book: Why You Are the Way You Are, even what Family Background , says that your position in your family has tremendous impact on who you are, who you marry Individual Achievement Essays in. (automatisch-traden.info)
  • Family dynamics differ from house to house, but as studies have shown over the years, birth orders play a huge role in the development of a child's personality. (businessinsider.com)
  • Adler's theory to the order of birth insists that the position of a child within a family along with how they are treated significantly contribute to the child's personality, their perceptions, how they behave, and their overall general well-being. (studymode.com)
  • Adler did not believe the notion that birth order alone influenced a child's personality but also the child's environments along with the child's thoughts of their birth order that shaped their personalities. (studymode.com)
  • While most are based on actual experiences, there is yet no clear scientific evidence that birth order per se, will determine a child's personality and destiny. (just-passing-thru.com)
  • Birth order impacts a lot in developing a child's personality traits and life choices. (scienceofhealthy.com)
  • Coffey and Spears (2019) document an early-life survival advantage in India accruing to later birth orders, which they interpret as the result of a pattern of improving maternal nutrition over mothers' childbearing careers. (iza.org)
  • Posted on Jan 16, 2019 Is our birth order a blessing or a curse? (cbc.ca)
  • The data are derived from birth certificates issued in years 1995-2019. (cdc.gov)
  • Live births in the United States, 1995-2019. (cdc.gov)
  • Request national, state and county summary counts of live births since 1995. (cdc.gov)
  • Live births and infant (age under 365 days) deaths to maternal residents of the United States, 1995 - 2018. (cdc.gov)
  • Linked Birth / Infant Death Records 1995-2018, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program, on CDC WONDER Online Database. (cdc.gov)
  • Request national, state and county summary counts of infant deaths, live births and infant death rates for the years 1995-2018. (cdc.gov)
  • Data for births in years 1995-2002 use the 1989 U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth. (cdc.gov)
  • Socioeconomic status, maternal/birth-related effects, maternal age and birth weight also did not appear to have an influence in these findings, Dr. Guggenheim and Dr. Williams write. (ophthalmologytimes.com)
  • Over 1.5 million pregnancies from New York State (1959-1967) are used to study the effects of paternal age, maternal age and birth order on the risk of fetal death. (wayne.edu)
  • The basic result that emerges from using this mathematical structure is that maternal age, paternal age, and birth order have separate, approximately equal and significant effects on the risk of a fetal death. (wayne.edu)
  • Birthweight, maternal age, and birth order : three important determinants in infant mortality / Ruth R. Puffer, Carlos V. Serrano. (who.int)
  • Leman first began studying birth orders while a student at the University of Arizona and noticing that several elements of personality were associated with a person's birth order rank. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thesis Statement The knowledge of the person's birth order predisposes the clinician towards his impression of the characteristics of each birth order , without considering other factors that may affect the behavior of this person. (studymode.com)
  • Others argue that birth order has little bearing on the development of a person's personality. (buyacademicpapers.com)
  • Scholars like Adler, on the other hand, lack scientific proof that birth order does affect or play a part in defining a person's personality. (buyacademicpapers.com)
  • For a long time, birth order has been thought to have substantial impacts on a person's psychological development. (buyacademicpapers.com)
  • The majority of studies have concluded that there is little or no correlation between birth order and a person's psychological development. (buyacademicpapers.com)
  • In the realm of scientific study, claims regarding the impact of a person's birth order on the development of their personalities have gotten a lot of attention. (buyacademicpapers.com)
  • Scientific study has focused on claims that a person's birth order has an impact on their personality development. (buyacademicpapers.com)
  • According to the findings, there is no link between a person's birth order and their personality development (Whitbourne 2013). (buyacademicpapers.com)
  • All of this assumes what Adler believed to be a typical family situation, e.g., a nuclear family living apart from the extended family, without the children being orphaned, with average spacing between births, without twins and other multiples, and with surviving children not having severe physical, intellectual, or psychiatric disabilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family size, and a number of social and demographic variables are associated with birth order and serve as potential confounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • If third-born children have a particular trait, it may be due to birth order, or it may be due to family size, or to any number of other variables. (wikipedia.org)
  • This paper uses a large dataset on the population of Norway that allows us to precisely measure birth order effects on IQ using both cross-sectional and within-family methods. (nber.org)
  • Despite these large average effects, birth order only explains about 3% of the within-family variance of IQ. (nber.org)
  • Also, there is no evidence that birth order effects occur because later-born children are more affected by family breakdown. (nber.org)
  • This is not the first study in recent years to assert a possible link between family size, birth order and childhood obesity. (psychologytoday.com)
  • In her birth family, however, she was the youngest of six (five living). (adoption.com)
  • He was the third in his birth family, second now living. (adoption.com)
  • A child's order of birth into a family may influence how the parents treat the child. (enotes.com)
  • Fraternal birth order, family size, and male homosexuality: Meta-analysis of studies spanning 25 years. (springer.com)
  • We use unique retrospective family background data from the 2003 wave of the British Household Panel Survey to explore the degree to which family size and birth order affect a child's subsequent educational attainment. (repec.org)
  • Birth Order Matters: The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Educational Attainment ," CEPR Discussion Papers 5453, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers. (repec.org)
  • Birth order matters: the effect of family size and birth order on educational attainment ," Journal of Population Economics , Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 22(2), pages 367-397, April. (repec.org)
  • Birth Order Matters: The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Educational Attainment ," IZA Discussion Papers 1713, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA). (repec.org)
  • Birth Order Matters: The Effect of Family Size and Birth Order on Educational Attainment ," CEPR Discussion Papers 506, Centre for Economic Policy Research, Research School of Economics, Australian National University. (repec.org)
  • Studio 5 Contributor Dr. Liz Hale shares how your family birth order can be a powerful parenting tool. (ksl.com)
  • This study uses Swedish population register data to investigate the relationship between birth order and mortality at ages 30 to 69 for Swedish cohorts born between 1938 and 1960, using a within-family comparison. (lse.ac.uk)
  • In the 2018 Slate Star Codex survey Scott asked some questions about what order in the family respondents were born. (lesswrong.com)
  • In short, although inheritance practices associated with birth order have exhibited considerable historical and geographic variability, the specific form chosen by each family and society has usually made local economic sense. (faqs.org)
  • The three factors include: birth order, gender, and family values. (studymode.com)
  • Birth Order Effects Theory Alfred Adler is best known by the psychological family for establishing the order of birth theory . (studymode.com)
  • Renaissance painter inspired from the full physical therapist thereby understanding autism and limitations foreseen in order essay on joint family. (big-solution.co.il)
  • Knowing about a person s personality family history, birth order position can help strengthen a relationship prevent conflict. (automatisch-traden.info)
  • achievement Adlerians Family Constellation Focusing on Birth Order Birth order can make a difference in defining adult personality behaviors. (automatisch-traden.info)
  • Birth order may occur in the framework of the family, but it has little impact on the personality development of family members, according to psychologist Judith Rich Harris (2006). (buyacademicpapers.com)
  • Coming from a family that is part Chinese, I could say that my brother shares a bit of the seriousness and expectations because of tradition (the first son is always the next in line to the father, regardless of birth order). (just-passing-thru.com)
  • The circumstances of a family at the birth of first child are different and vary considerably with each child. (scienceofhealthy.com)
  • Genetic factors and other influences play a significannot role, but the birth order within the family plays a larger role in determining the personality of children. (bartleby.com)
  • Now, researchers say, your birth order and family size may also have an impact. (drugs.com)
  • You take literally the definition that family is an accident of birth. (hubpages.com)
  • Birth Order Personalities develop as coping strategies each one of us used as children to make ourselves feel okay in our particular positions in the family. (innerself.com)
  • Cohort studies, those that follow children born at a certain time from birth, usually only follow one child from each family. (theconversation.com)
  • The government believes it's the second case of being switched at birth to occur at the hospital. (ktvu.com)
  • Birth defects are abnormalities that occur in babies which affect how the body looks, works or both. (medindia.net)
  • Birth defects are abnormalities, which occur before the birth of the baby and can be caused due to genetic, environmental and other unknown reasons. (medindia.net)
  • Resolving these puzzles is critical for human development policy to combat the enduring challenges of disproportionately high rates of stunting and neonatal death in India, where one-fifth of global births occur. (iza.org)
  • Such patterns of parental favoritism are often associated with birth order. (faqs.org)
  • Through differences in parental investment, birth order sometimes affects the general health and well-being of offspring. (faqs.org)
  • Birth order also appears to influence intelligence and personality, doing so through differences in parental investment, as well as through sibling interactions. (faqs.org)
  • The current study examined demographic factors (e.g., parental marital status) as well as sex and birth order effects on emetging adults' views of their sibling relationships. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • There was also evidence to show a higher birth order effect on the occurrence of congenital heart disease independent of parental ages. (bmj.com)
  • The multivariate logistic function is employed to separate the intertwined effects of parental ages and birth order. (wayne.edu)
  • These differences in parental involvement through birth order may impact academic achievement if only if parental involvement is an important and determinant of children s educational attainment. (automatisch-traden.info)
  • Britian's Corby Borough Council, found negligent in tackling environmental pollution that resulted in birth defects, has been ordered to pay families affected an initial 1.6 million. (medindia.net)
  • Last month a High Court judge ruled that Corby had been negligent in the way it dismantled a steelworks during the 1980s and 90s, which may have led to birth defects in 16 children. (medindia.net)
  • They will have to prove that their birth defects were a direct result of exposure to the toxic waste spread by the council's action. (medindia.net)
  • Campaigners said the ruling, following a 10-year legal battle, was the first in the world to find that airborne pollution could cause such birth defects. (medindia.net)
  • A group of young people in Britain who claimed their birth defects were caused by a "soup of toxic materials" in a former steel town won a legal action against the local authority on Wednesday. (medindia.net)
  • Birth defects are abnormalities of function, structure or metabolism that are present since birth. (medindia.net)
  • Birth defects caused due to environmental teratogens like drugs, microorganisms or exposure to radiation are called as environmental birth defects. (medindia.net)
  • If you believe your child is suffering from birth defects or injuries caused by a medical professional, it may be in your best interest to contact an experienced personal injury attorney . (injurytriallawyer.com)
  • DESIGN--This was a hospital based case-referent study including use of birth defects surveillance data. (bmj.com)
  • To sensitize which conventional cans viagra cause birth defects might be used Viagra, eastern for patients who are over 40 and can viagra cause birth defects have a prescription history that contributes to every time, such as hypertension, emergence, or a day of best surgery, Schoneboom suggests. (ugmdallas.org)
  • The multidistrict litigation established in the U.S. District Court, District of Massachusetts, for lawsuits involving Zofran and its alleged link to major birth defects , has begun to move forward. (rxinjuryhelp.com)
  • The proceeding was created this past October, when the U.S. Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation agreed to transfer all federal Zofran birth defects cases to the District of Massachusetts for coordinated pretrial proceedings. (rxinjuryhelp.com)
  • All of the cases pending in Massachusetts accuse GlaxoSmithKline of concealing Zofran's alleged association with birth defects and of failing to provide doctors and patients with appropriate warnings about this risk. (rxinjuryhelp.com)
  • According to Adler's theory the birth order goes from the oldest child, middle child, youngest child, and the only child and depending on which. (studymode.com)
  • Calculate birth rates (normalized to the total population) and fertility rates (normalized to females age 15 - 44 years old), as well as other measures . (cdc.gov)
  • Recent research has consistently found that earlier born children score slightly higher on average on measures of intelligence, but has found zero, or almost zero, robust effect of birth order on personality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hence third-born children are not only third in birth order, but they are also more likely to come from larger, poorer families than firstborn children. (wikipedia.org)
  • Half a century later, Alfred Adler, the second of six children, extended the psychology of birth order to personality traits ( 2 ). (pnas.org)
  • Importantly, irrespective of method, we find a strong and significant effect of birth order on IQ, and our results suggest that earlier born children have higher IQs. (nber.org)
  • Can Birth Order Put Children at Risk for Overweight? (psychologytoday.com)
  • Children who experienced the birth of a sibling when they were 36 to 54 months old had the lowest prevalence at 4.8%," the study states. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Looking at weight and birth order of 4,026 children ages nine and ten, the findings were similar: The odds that an only child would be overweight were higher when measured against middle children. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Live-birth order refers to number of children born alive to mother. (cdc.gov)
  • One strategy the children and teachers negotiate the sometimes conflicting discussions of ethicsright and wrongself birth on paper research order - consciously on those of you learn habits, acquire beliefs, learn about only through face to face others with different professors really depends on which to consider the relevant fields who are perceived as the basic procedure to study science itself, as cochran - smith etal. (mpacuk.org)
  • When compared to children who were fourth or later in birth order, first-born children were 38% more likely to be myopic. (ophthalmologytimes.com)
  • The firstborn, the second child, the only child, or the middle child … What impact does birth order have on children, and how can we avoid the big mistakes? (aleteia.org)
  • Although the damages often sound high in news reports about birth injury cases, they're necessary to provide disabled children with care. (injurytriallawyer.com)
  • They interpret this pattern as discrimination against later birth-order children in India. (iza.org)
  • The ACLU of Virginia today asked the Virginia Supreme Court to order the state's Department of Vital Records to issue revised birth certificates for four adopted children of same sex couples. (acluva.org)
  • It is common practice for the Department of Vital Records to issue revised birth certificates for adopted children in which the adoptive parents' names are substituted for those of the birth parents. (acluva.org)
  • Nationally recognized adoption law professor Joan Heifetz Hollinger filed an amicus brief focusing on the importance of interstate recognition of adoptions and the reasons why adoptive families should have birth certificates with the names of parents and children appearing on them. (acluva.org)
  • They have a right to have birth certificates with their adoptive parents' names on them, just like any other adopted children. (acluva.org)
  • Although a number of factors affect the outcomes for children Achievement, Essay On Birth Order Academic. (automatisch-traden.info)
  • Some psychologists, like Alfred Adler and Sigmund Freud, came to the conclusion that the personality differences between children of the same parents may be explained by their birth orders (Hoffmann, 2004). (buyacademicpapers.com)
  • Continuing our discussion of the ethical and practical issues surrounding children born in our new modern world of questionable conception practices, there's more today: A judge in Vermont recently (11/20/09) ordered that the biological mother of a sperm-donor child must transfer custody of the child to her former lesbian partner. (firstmotherforum.com)
  • Early life conditions and adolescent sexual orientation: A prospective birth cohort study. (springer.com)
  • Data are from a birth cohort study conducted in Pelotas, Brazil. (nih.gov)
  • In his 1996 book Born to Rebel, Frank Sulloway suggested that birth order had powerful effects on the Big Five personality traits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolutionist Frank Sulloway believed that birth order reflects disparities in age, size and power. (theconversation.com)
  • In the book, Leman details four types of personality based upon the individual's birth order: First Born, Only Child, Middle Child, and Last Born. (wikipedia.org)
  • The latest findings, published in Pediatrics , titled "Effect of Sibling Birth on BMI Trajectory in the First 6 Years of Life" found a suggested link between the Body Mass Index (BMI) of a first-born child and its sibling status. (psychologytoday.com)
  • The birth of their first child is a major event in their lives, and it can be somewhat threatening. (enotes.com)
  • When the firstborn child is growing up and until the birth of a sibling, the child has the parents all to himself or herself. (enotes.com)
  • As already explained, when a married woman in Arkansas conceives a child by means of artificial insemination, the State will-indeed, must-list the name of her male spouse on the child's birth certificate. (arktimes.com)
  • As a result, same-sex parents in Arkansas lack the same right as opposite-sex parents to be listed on a child's birth certificate, a document often used for important transactions like making medical decisions for a child or enrolling a child in school. (arktimes.com)
  • One study of the role of birth order in thirty-nine non-Western societies found that the birth of the first child generally has special significance, stabilizing the marriage and raising the status of the parents. (faqs.org)
  • For the child who comes before the last-born, it's not so much about that their birth position as about how their parents treat them. (aleteia.org)
  • Years after her birth injury, Miriam Tavares is a vibrant child, but she suffers from incurable brain injuries and cerebral palsy. (injurytriallawyer.com)
  • In apparent contrast, Jayachandran and Pande (2017) show, using the same set of demographic surveys, a disadvantage in child height for later birth orders in India relative to Africa's birth order gradient. (iza.org)
  • Bringing attention to birth order first, knowing how the first born, middle, and last born child can be affected immediately can possibly define a lot about how the individual's future could turn out. (studymode.com)
  • Origins of birth order does birth do not only child, essay song. (big-solution.co.il)
  • Person centred approach essay format Carl Rogers a psychologist developed the person centred approach theory mainly in relation to the therapist the client Birth Order essays Birth Order essays Birth order has a definite affect on a child s development. (automatisch-traden.info)
  • Estimates for the Netherlands Birth order Sample essay: free Example of Classification essay Essay Topic: The importance of the birth order its impact on the personality of the child its future. (automatisch-traden.info)
  • It's a proven fact that birth order significantly influences the development of a child. (daily-choices.com)
  • Birth orders refer to the position or order in which a child is born. (buyacademicpapers.com)
  • The child in question is a seven-year-old girl, who has been living solely with Lisa Miller, her mother--birth/biological/natural/whatever--ever since the couple broke up when the girl, Isabella, was 17-months old. (firstmotherforum.com)
  • We needed a judge with the wisdom of Solomon (but no one is going to order cutting the child in half), and a natural mother with the generosity of the real mother in the Bible who hands over her son to the other mother before he is indeed sliced up. (firstmotherforum.com)
  • Whether you're firstborn, middle child, last-born, or only child, birth order can have a big effect on your personality and behavior. (parents.com)
  • The so-called Fraternal Birth Order effect was identified in 1996 and has been replicated since. (psychologytoday.com)
  • In their book Sibling Relationships: Their Nature and Significance across the Lifespan, Michael E. Lamb and Brian Sutton-Smith argue that as individuals continually adjust to competing demands of socialization agents and biological tendencies, any effects of birth order may be eliminated, reinforced, or altered by later experiences. (wikipedia.org)
  • They found no substantial effects of birth order and concluded that birth order research was a "waste of time. (wikipedia.org)
  • This database allowed us to identify even very small effects of birth order on personality with sufficiently high statistical power and to investigate whether effects emerge across different samples. (pnas.org)
  • New assessment of the effects of birth order and socioeconomic status on birth weight. (bmj.com)
  • The real news of our study is that we found no substantial effects of birth order on any of the personality dimensions we examined. (healthcanal.com)
  • The effects of birth order on human personality development have been the subject of several research. (buyacademicpapers.com)
  • Studying the effects of birth order sounds simple but it is not. (theconversation.com)
  • Contemporary empirical research shows that birth order does not influence the Big Five personality traits. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the basis of the high statistical power and the consistent results across samples and analytical designs, we must conclude that birth order does not have a lasting effect on broad personality traits outside of the intellectual domain. (pnas.org)
  • They found that central personality traits such as extraversion, emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness are not affected by birth-order position. (healthcanal.com)
  • Interestingly, there is a close association of your birth order and personality traits. (scienceofhealthy.com)
  • By contrast, the search for birth-order effects on personality has not yet resulted in conclusive findings. (pnas.org)
  • Implications of these findings and future research directions will be discussed, including examining age spacing, in addition to birth order, as a possible factor affecting sibling relationships among emerging adults. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • After analyzing their findings, they came to the conclusion that the concept of birth order was a waste of effort. (buyacademicpapers.com)
  • We also observed a significant decline of a 10th of a SD in self-reported intellect with increasing birth-order position, and this effect persisted after controlling for objectively measured intelligence. (pnas.org)
  • Does fraternal birth order predict male homosexuality, bisexuality, and heterosexual orientation with same-sex attraction? (springer.com)
  • Fraternal birth order effects on personality: Will reasonable claims require extraordinary evidence? (springer.com)
  • The association between fraternal birth order and anal-erotic roles of men who have sex with men. (springer.com)
  • The 1 sibling data still show a relatively constant birth effect across different age gaps until 7 years gap. (lesswrong.com)
  • 8 years and above then shows a drop in Birth order effect size. (lesswrong.com)
  • Now, it’s been 3 years since I have been ordering from IDM. (internationaldrugmart.com)
  • MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS--With stratified analysis and logistic regression analyses, congenital heart disease was found to be associated with fathers' age less than 25 years (odds ratio 2.63), independent of mothers' age and of birth order. (bmj.com)
  • CONCLUSION--Higher birth order and fathers aged less than 25 years were both independently associated with some categories of congenital heart disease and with congenital heart disease overall. (bmj.com)
  • After adjusting the results for birth weight, birth order was still associated with BMI until 12 years of age. (umontreal.ca)
  • Maternal mortality and registered live births data was taken from publicly available official data for the years 2005 to 2014. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Gdph, one hundred years, je, as well parts of an argumentative essay in order than looking for essay of weakness in causality conclusion in hindi: 219-246. (big-solution.co.il)
  • Focusing on sibships ranging in size from two to six, we find that mortality risk in adulthood increases with later birth order. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Further analyses in which we adjust for adult socioeconomic status and adult educational attainment suggest that social pathways only mediate the relationship between birth order and mortality risk in adulthood to a limited degree. (lse.ac.uk)
  • 2012. Prenatal health, educational attainment, and intergenerational inequality: The Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 Study. (wikipedia.org)
  • Birth order effects on educational attainment and educational transitions in West Germany. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth--1979, we investigate the association between birth order and adolescent behaviors such as smoking, drinking, marijuana use, sexual activity, and crime. (repec.org)
  • and the SOEP data from the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW), www.diw.de/en/soep . (pnas.org)
  • Data from Canarias in 1978, País Vasco in 1986 and Andalucía in 2007 is not available, due to errors in the "order of birth" variable in the Vital Statistics. (ine.es)
  • Relevant data on HOM births were extracted from both the patients' case notes, admission registers and maternity ward and delivery records of the hospital using a predesigned pro forma. (ajol.info)
  • As of May 23, 2011, all sub-national data representing zero to nine (0-9) births are suppressed. (cdc.gov)
  • The current study aims to provide a more in-depth understanding of how the adult sibling relationship differs from that of childhood and adolescence, and what factors influence perceptions of the relationship (e.g., birth order). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • We investigated whether birth order is associated with the risk of childhood diabetes by performing a pooled analysis of previous studies. (diva-portal.org)
  • Overall, the differences in height and BMI between first and second born twins were modest even in early childhood, while adjustment for birth weight reduced the birth order differences but did not remove them for BMI. (umontreal.ca)
  • Adler's theory came from his idea that birth order was a major social influence in childhood, one from which we create our own lifestyle (Adler, 2009). (studymode.com)
  • Read on to know how your birth order actually affects your personality. (daily-choices.com)
  • Since Adler's time, the influence of birth order on the development of personality has become a controversial issue in psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Birth Order and the Intrahousehold Allocation of Time and Education ," The Review of Economics and Statistics , MIT Press, vol. 86(4), pages 1008-1019, November. (repec.org)
  • Birth Order and the Intrahousehold Allocation of Time and Education ," CAM Working Papers 2002-09, University of Copenhagen. (repec.org)
  • One Click Essays: Research Paper On Birth Order the orders on time! (mpacuk.org)
  • The Statute of Limitations (SOL) is a law that sets a strict limit on the amount of time that an accident victim has to file a legal claim or action in order to recover financial compensation for their injuries, lost wages, medical bills, etc. (injurytriallawyer.com)
  • The reader is also introduced to these dragons in that order for the first time. (westeros.org)
  • Loryna should be taken at roughly the same time every day and in the order according to the packaging. (medzino.com)
  • The download Birth Order Book, The: continues for a Pontic-Steppe format for the peculiarities of Proto-Indo-European, a plan so obtained and had in the dog of extraordinary awareness by Gimbutas herself, who had last and peaceful TIME in the creation of the subject tests. (nichost.ru)
  • Figures for live-birth order not stated are distributed. (cdc.gov)
  • Per 100,000 live births. (cdc.gov)
  • Nevertheless, the notion that birth-order significantly influences personality continues to have a strong presence in pop psychology and popular culture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alfred Adler (1870-1937), an Austrian psychiatrist, and a contemporary of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung, was one of the first theorists to suggest that birth order influences personality. (wikipedia.org)
  • He argued that birth order can leave an indelible impression on an individual's style of life, which is one's habitual way of dealing with the tasks of friendship, love, and work. (wikipedia.org)
  • Trying to correlate one's financial behavior to their birth order is preposterous on its face. (lenpenzo.com)
  • Frank J. Sulloway in his breakout bestseller, BORN TO REBEL, indicated that one adopts attitudes and respond to the environment, familial or outside, based upon one's respective birth order. (hubpages.com)
  • We analyzed birth order differences in means and variances of height and body mass index (BMI) in monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins from infancy to old age. (umontreal.ca)
  • As expected, first-born twins had greater birth weight than second-born twins. (umontreal.ca)
  • Canadian Orders are dispensed by Candrug Pharmacy which is duly licensed in the province of British Columbia, Canada by the College of Pharmacists of BC. (blueskydrugs.com)
  • Older mothers and non-Hispanic white mothers are the most likely to have a triplet or higher-order multiple birth. (cdc.gov)
  • Money and success - Sibling and birth-order effects on positional concerns ," Journal of Economic Psychology , Elsevier, pages 131-142. (repec.org)
  • prior to the book white world order black power politics the birth of american international relations: A psychology of creations? (supergreekmusic.com)
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  • But when the researchers controlled for the highest level of educational qualification attained, they found that the influence of birth order decreased significantly. (ophthalmologytimes.com)
  • Birth Order and Risky Adolescent Behavior ," Economic Inquiry , Western Economic Association International, vol. 44(2), pages 215-233, April. (repec.org)
  • Famous theorists such as Alfred Adler, Sigmund Freud, and Carl Jung proposed the notion of birth order impacting human nature. (buyacademicpapers.com)