Birth Order: The sequence in which children are born into the family.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Paternal Age: Age of the biological father.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Siblings: Persons or animals having at least one parent in common. (American College Dictionary, 3d ed)Birth Intervals: The lengths of intervals between births to women in the population.Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Infant, Low Birth Weight: An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Sex Ratio: The number of males per 100 females.Premature Birth: CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.AzerbaijanSibling Relations: Interactions and relationships between sisters and/or brothers. The concept also applies to animal studies.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Gravidity: The number of pregnancies, complete or incomplete, experienced by a female. It is different from PARITY, which is the number of offspring borne. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Twins: Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).Eczema: A pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents (Dorland, 27th ed).Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Delivery, Obstetric: Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.Infant Mortality: Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Birth Certificates: Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.Gender Identity: A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.Hypersensitivity, Immediate: Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects: The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.Fetal Death: Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.NorwayMaternal Exposure: Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal: Allergic rhinitis that occurs at the same time every year. It is characterized by acute CONJUNCTIVITIS with lacrimation and ITCHING, and regarded as an allergic condition triggered by specific ALLERGENS.SwedenEducational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Family Therapy: A form of group psychotherapy. It involves treatment of more than one member of the family simultaneously in the same session.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Personality: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.Personality Disorders: A major deviation from normal patterns of behavior.

Familial aggregation of blood pressure in a rural Chinese community. (1/355)

This study investigated blood pressure in 1,183 Chinese nuclear families (mother, father, and first two children) via a cross-sectional 1994-1997 survey. The mother's, the father's, and the first sibling's blood pressures were each significantly and independently related to the second sibling's blood pressure after adjustment for sex, age, height, weight, education, smoking, and alcohol consumption. The association was consistent across the four age strata (6-10, 11-14, 15-19, and > or = 20 years). The rate of high systolic blood pressure in the second sibling was lowest (2.3%) when both parents and the first sibling were in the low blood pressure tertile (low-low group) and highest (26.0%) when these family members were in the high blood pressure tertile (high-high group). The rate was intermediate if only the parents (10.7%, high-low group) or the first sibling (8.4%, low-high group) was in the high blood pressure tertile. As compared with the low-low group, the odds ratios for the high-high, high-low, and low-high groups were 14.3 (95% confidence interval 4.3-48.2), 4.3 (95% confidence interval 1.2-15.6), and 3.9 (95% confidence interval 1.1-14.4), respectively. A similar pattern was found for diastolic blood pressure. The data indicate a strong familial aggregation of blood pressure in this population and show that such a familial influence on blood pressure can be detected from early childhood onward.  (+info)

The relationship of family size and spacing to the growth of preschool Mayan children in Guatemala. (2/355)

The height of preschool Mayan children is analyzed with respect to family size and the spacing of their siblings, controlling for parental heights and weights. Data on 643 cases were abstracted from the records of two previous longitudinal studies on the health of children under age five years living in the highlands of Guatemala. Height at age three years is estimated from the linear regression equations fitted for each child to measurements of height repeated at three-month intervals from ages one to four years. Family size is expressed in terms of birth rank, live siblings, and the number of dependent and independent family members. Family spacing is measured as birth intervals, i.e., the number of months between the birth of the index child and his previous and subsequent siblings. Most previous studies have reported that height decreases as family size increases. This study shows that Mayan children from both small and large families are taller than those from middle-sized families. Evidence is presented to support the hypothesis that children in large families are relatively tall because their early-born siblings contribute to the family fortunes. Birth intervals are positively correlated with height. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for family planning.  (+info)

Family factors affecting child development. (3/355)

In a large, geographically defined population of children a number of family factors in addition to social class, determined by the father's occupation, were recorded by health visitors and school nurses with routine responsibility for these children. The quality of the children in normal schools was assessed in terms of nonverbal IQ and height at the ages of 5 and 10 years, and of behavior as reported by the teacher at the age of 10 years. By analysis of variance the sum of the independent effects of the other family factors greatly outweighed that of occupational social class, except in the case of the IQ at 10 years. The most important of the other family factors was the quality of the mother's care of her child during the first 3 years of life.  (+info)

The determinants of infant and child mortality in Tanzania. (4/355)

This paper investigates the determinants of infant and child mortality in Tanzania using the 1991/92 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey. A hazards model is used to assess the relative effect of the variables hypothesized to influence under-five mortality. Short birth intervals, teenage pregnancies and previous child deaths are associated with increased risk of death. The Government of the United Republic of Tanzania should therefore maintain its commitment to encouraging women to space their births at least two years apart and delay childbearing beyond the teenage years. Further, this study shows that there is a remarkable lack of infant and child mortality differentials by socioeconomic subgroups of the population, which may reflect post-independence health policy and development strategies. Whilst lack of socioeconomic differentials can be considered an achievement of government policies, mortality remains high so there is still a long way to go before Tanzania achieves its stated goal of 'Health for All'.  (+info)

Early childhood infection and atopic disorder. (5/355)

BACKGROUND: Atopy is of complex origins but the recent rise in atopic diseases in westernized communities points to the action of important environmental effects. One candidate mechanism is the changing pattern of microbial exposure in childhood. This epidemiological study investigated the relationship between childhood infections and subsequent atopic disease, taking into account a range of social and medical variables. METHODS: A total of 1934 subjects representing a retrospective 1975-84 birth group at a family doctor practice in Oxfordshire were studied. Public health and practice records were reviewed; temporal records were made of all diagnoses of infections and their treatments, all immunisations, and diagnoses of asthma, hay fever and eczema; maternal atopy and a number of other variables were documented. RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis identified three statistically significant predictors of subsequent atopic disease: maternal atopy (1.97, 95% CI 1.46 to 2.66, p < 0.0001), immunisation with whole-cell pertussis vaccine (1.76, 95% CI 1.39 to 2.23, p < 0.0001), and treatment with oral antibiotics in the first two years of life (2.07, 95% CI 1.64 to 2.60, p < 0.0001). There was no significant association found for maternal smoking, bottle feeding, sibship size, or social class. CONCLUSIONS: The prediction of atopic disease by maternal atopy mainly reflects the effect of acknowledged genetic factors. Interpretation of the prediction of atopic disorders by immunisation with wholecell pertussis vaccine and treatment with oral antibiotics needs to be very cautious because of the possibilities of confounding effects and reverse causation. However, plausible immune mechanisms are identifiable for the promotion of atopic disorders by both factors and further investigation of these association is warranted.  (+info)

Complications of varicella in a defined central European population. (6/355)

AIMS: To describe complications of varicella requiring hospitalisation in a defined population (canton of Bern) and to compare the hospitalisation rates for varicella with published data. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of hospital records of patients less than 16 years of age admitted with complications of varicella to the hospitals serving this population (University Children's Hospital of Bern and the Wildermeth Children's Hospital of Biel, Switzerland), and calculation of hospitalisation rates for varicella and its complications based on birth rates and varicella antibody prevalence rates. RESULTS: From 1986 to 1996, 113 cases (median age, 5.6 years) were identified. Younger siblings were overrepresented (odds ratio (OR), 1.42; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.09 to 1.84). Central nervous system (CNS) complications (26 patients; 23%) were found predominantly in previously healthy children (relative risk, 7.1; 95% CI, 1.01 to 49.86). Group A beta haemolytic streptococci were recovered from only one of 35 patients with bacterial complications. The hospitalisation rates for primary varicella (9.2/10(4) cases; 95% CI, 7.4 to 11/10(4), skin infections (2.0/10(4) cases; 95% CI, 1.2 to 2.9/10(4), and pneumonia (0.8/10(4) cases; 95% CI, 0.3 to 1.3/10(4)) were significantly lower than reported previously. The CNS complication rate (2.2/10(4) cases; 95% CI, 1.3 to 3.1/10(4) was among the highest rates reported. CONCLUSIONS: The low hospitalisation rate in comparison with studies from elsewhere indicates that there is a large regional variability in complications associated with varicella. Such data should be taken into consideration when local varicella immunisation strategies are developed.  (+info)

Association between asthma and family size between 1977 and 1994. (7/355)

STUDY OBJECTIVES: Several recent reports show a negative association between asthma and family size or birth order, but this association was not detected in data collected between 10 and 30 years ago. This study compared the association between sibship size and asthma in three surveys using the same methodology in 1977, 1985/86, and 1993/94. DESIGN: Cross sectional comparison of the 1977, 1985/86, and 1993/94 surveys. SETTINGS: Study areas in England and Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: Parents of children between 5 to 11 years in England and Scotland were asked about asthma and bronchitis attacks in the last 12 months, and wheeze in their child. Approximately 9000 children participated in each of the surveys. RESULTS: The overall association between asthma, defined as asthma attacks or wheeze, and total number of siblings was not significant (p = 0.22), but an only child had a higher prevalence of asthma than children with siblings (OR 0.87 95% CI 0.76 to 0.98). The interaction between year of survey and sibship size on asthma was not significant (p = 0.36). There was no association between asthma and birth order. A significant interaction between social class and year of survey on asthma was detected (p = 0.004). In the 1993/94 survey children whose fathers had a semi or unskilled manual occupation had a higher prevalence of asthma (16%) than children whose fathers belonged to other social classes (13%). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides only marginal support for a change over time of the association between sibship size and asthma. Based on recent reports the nature of the exposure agent that may explain the association remains controversial. This study suggests a disproportionate increase of asthma in lower social classes.  (+info)

Births: final data for 1997. (8/355)

OBJECTIVES: This report presents 1997 data on U.S. births according to a wide variety of characteristics. Data are presented for maternal demographic characteristics including age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, marital status, and educational attainment; maternal lifestyle and health characteristics (medical risk factors, weight gain, and tobacco and alcohol use); medical care utilization by pregnant women (prenatal care, obstetric procedures, complications of labor and/or delivery, attendant at birth, and method of delivery); and infant health characteristics (period of gestation, birthweight, Apgar score, abnormal conditions, congenital anomalies, and multiple births). Also presented are birth and fertility rates by age, live-birth order, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status. Selected data by mother's State of residence are shown including teenage birth rates and total fertility rates, as well as data on month and day of birth, sex ratio, and age of father. Trends in fertility patterns and maternal and infant characteristics are described and interpreted. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations of data reported on the birth certificates of the 3.9 million births that occurred in 1997 are presented. RESULTS: Birth and fertility rates declined very slightly in 1997. Birth rates for teenagers fell 3 to 5 percent. Rates for women in their twenties changed very little, whereas rates for women in their thirties rose 2 percent. The number of births and the birth rate for unmarried women each declined slightly in 1997 while the percent of births that were to unmarried women was unchanged. Smoking by pregnant women overall dropped again in 1997, but continued to increase among teenagers. Improvements in prenatal care utilization continued. The cesarean delivery rate increased slightly after declining for 7 consecutive years. The proportion of multiple birth continued to rise; higher order multiple births (e.g., triplets, quadruplets) rose by 14 percent in 1997, following a 20 percent rise from 1995 to 1996. Key measures of birth outcome--the percents of low birthweight and preterm births--increased, with particularly large increases in the preterm rate. These changes are in large part the result of increases in multiple births.  (+info)

*Balinese name

Birth order name[edit]. A birth order name is chosen from a few typical names according to the position of the child in the ... Both boys and girls receive birth order name from a small typical group of names for each birth order position. These names may ... The Ksatria often use birth order names. Sometimes the Kastria borrow the whole order of the farmer caste names, so it is ... birth order of siblings. The people of Bali use the birth order name to refer to one another. ...

*Leadership

Birth order[edit]. Those born first in their families and only children are hypothesized to be more driven to seek leadership ... list organized in alphabetical order): assertiveness, authenticity, Big Five personality factors, birth order, character ... Task-oriented leadership is a style in which the leader is focused on the tasks that need to be performed in order to meet a ... Profit over People: neoliberalism and global order, N. Chomsky, 1999 Ch. "Consent without Consent", p. 53 ...

*Sibling

"Does Birth Order Affect Intelligence?". Human Intelligence.. *^ a b c Alan, E.S. (2012). "Issues in Birth Order Research ... Birth order has no genetic basis.[18] The social interaction that occurs as a result of birth order however is the most notable ... The theorizing and study of birth order can be traced back to Francis Galton's (1822-1911) theory of birth order and eminence ... In 1996, interest in the science behind birth order was re-sparked when Frank Sulloway's book Born To Rebel was published. In ...

*MacArthur Fellows Program

Frank Sulloway, psychologist (child birth-order research). *John E. Toews, intellectual historian ...

*James M. Gavin

... possibly in order to make the birth legitimate. The birth certificate lists his name as James Nally Ryan, although Nally was ... Distinguished Service Order (United Kingdom). Legion of Honour (France). James Maurice "Jumpin' Jim" Gavin (March 22, 1907 - ... Gavin ordered his men to prepare for the jump, and a few minutes later was the first paratrooper to jump from the plane. Due to ... Gavin was ordered back to West Point, to work in the Tactics Faculty there. He was overjoyed by this posting, as he could ...

*Upper Winchendon

In birth order. Cardinal Wolsey (1473-1530), cardinal and politician, was briefly lord of the manor up to 1530, when he fell ...

*Chronophilia

2000). "Fraternal birth order and sexual orientation in pedophiles". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 29 (5): 463-478. doi:10.1023/ ...

*Treaty of Waitangi

Robinson, 'Simple Nullity or Birth of Law and Order?', p264. *^ a b Keane, Basil (20 June 2012). "Ngā rōpū tautohetohe - Māori ... Helen Robinson, 'Simple Nullity or Birth of Law and Order? The Treaty of Waitangi in Legal and Historiographical Discourse from ... 2010). New Zealand Birth Certificates - 50 of New Zealand's Founding Documents. AUT Media. ISBN 978-0-9582997-1-8.. ... New Zealand and anxious to protect their just Rights and Property and to secure to them the enjoyment of Peace and Good Order ...

*Sibling

"Does Birth Order Affect Intelligence?". Human Intelligence.. *^ a b c Alan, E.S. (2012). "Issues in Birth Order Research ... Birth order has no genetic basis.[18]. The social interaction that occurs as a result of birth order however is the most ... The theorizing and study of birth order can be traced back to Francis Galton's (1822-1911) theory of birth order and eminence ... In 1996, interest in the science behind birth order was re-sparked when Frank Sulloway's book Born To Rebel was published. In ...

*Ferdinand I of León

Date and order of birthEdit. There is some disagreement concerning the order of birth of Sancho III's sons, and of Ferdinand's ... If authentic, they place Ferdinand's birth before that date.[8] Three further documents from Leire are among the only ones to ... and his birth no earlier than 1015.[3] The Crónica de Alaón renovada, which Martínez Díez dates to 1154, but which other ... where the order of kingdoms is reversed and Astorga ignored: "emperor in León and in Castile".[22] The first use of the ...

*Big Five personality traits

Birth-order differencesEdit. Main article: Birth order. Frank Sulloway argues that firstborns are more conscientious, more ... Jefferson, T.; Herbst, J. H.; McCrae, R. R. (1998). "Associations between birth order and personality traits: Evidence from ... or no significant effects of birth order on personality.[125][126]. In 2002, the journal of psychology posted a Big Five ... rank-order consistency and mean-level consistency. Rank-order consistency indicates the relative placement of individuals ...

*Temple Mount

"Birth of the Order". Retrieved 20 April 2013. The History Channel, Decoding the Past: The Templar Code, 7 November 2005, video ... Jewish rabbis ordered the restart of animal sacrifice for the first time since the time of Second Temple and started to ... The second was built in 1297 by order of a Mameluk king, the third by a governor of Jerusalem in 1329, and the last in 1367. ... In a letter attributed to Julian he wrote to the Jews that "This you ought to do, in order that, when I have successfully ...

*Giannini sextuplets

They are, in birth order; Rosanna Caviglia was born and raised in the Casentino Valley and made a living as an elementary ... Once the news broke about the birth, it brought them instant fame in their native Italy, where they were compared to the ... List of sextuplet births with birthdates Corriere della Sera interview - January 10, 2000 (in Italian) Interview with ...

*Macau

"Rank Order - Birth rate". The World Factbook. CIA. Retrieved 10 May 2007. "Rank Order - Infant mortality rate". The World ... And The Government of the Macao SAR shall be responsible for the maintenance of public order in the Region. As a special ... "Life expectancy at birth". CIA. Retrieved 12 March 2013. Macau in Figures, 2016 ""GDP per capita, PPP (current international ... The Portuguese continued to pay an annual tribute up to 1863 in order to stay in Macau. By 1564, Portugal commanded western ...

*Jan Willem Nienhuys

This mathematical model would serve as proof that a connection existed between the order of birth and intelligence to the ... Somit, Albert; Arwine, Alan; Peterson, Steven A. (1996). Birth Order and Political Behavior. University Press of America. p. ... Belmont, Lillian; Marolla, Francis A. (14 December 1973). "Birth Order, Family Size, and Intelligence". Science. 182 (4117): ...

*Robert Zajonc

Birth Order and Intellectual Development, with G. Markus. Psychological Review, 82, 74-88. 1980. Feeling and thinking: ... "Does Birth Order Affect Intelligence". Human Intelligence. Indiana University. Retrieved 27 January 2013. History & Archives: ... which provided a mathematical model of the effect of birth order and family size on IQ scores. This theory suggests that ...

*Huntingdon

Names are in birth order. Data is from the subject's Wikipedia site except where referenced. Henry Compton (Charles Mackenzie, ...

*Adela of Normandy

Adela and Stephen's children are listed here in probable birth order. Their birth order is uncertain. William, Count of Sully ...

*Stillbirth

"Births and Deaths Registration (Northern Ireland) Order 1976". Legislation.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-23. ... In Northern Ireland the Births and Deaths Registration (Northern Ireland) Order 1976,[38] as amended contains the definition ... Registration of still-births can be made by a relative or certain other persons involved with the still-birth but it is not ... In the general case, s.14 of the Act requires that a birth has to be registered within 21 days of the birth or of the child ...

*Adachi clan

The organization is in birth order. Media related to Adachi clan at Wikimedia Commons This article incorporates text from ...

*Firstborn

"How Birth Order Affects Your Personality". Scientific American. "How Birth Order Affects Your Child's Personality and Behavior ... "Personality Traits Linked To Birth Order". CBS News. Schachter, Stanley (3 July 1963). "Birth Order, Eminence and Higher ... He argued that birth order can leave an indelible impression on an individual's style of life, which is one's habitual way of ... After investigating the birth order of the U.S presidents, important leaders were also looked at and showed the same outcome; a ...

*The Battle of Bretton Woods

Berry, John M. (31 March 2013). "Birth of the postwar economic order". USA Today. ... The Battle of Bretton Woods: John Maynard Keynes, Harry Dexter White, and the Making of a New World Order is a 2013 non-fiction ... The book sheds light on how White got to dominate economic policy and was influential in the postwar economic order. "The ...

*Singing school

Ordered chronologically by date of birth. William Billings (1746-1800) Justin Morgan (1747-1798) Jacob French (1754-1817) ...

*Rehoboth Carpenter family

1) of Rehoboth (c1605-1658[/9]); identifies his wife, Abigail Briant; and revises their children's birth order. National Park ... is dated 2 May 1638 and states William's age as 62 leading to an estimate of about 1575 for his birth. His son William ...

*Stanley Schachter

Schachter, S. (1963) Birth order, eminence and higher education. Am. Sociol. Rev. 28:757-68. Schachter, S. (1968). Obesity and ... Schachter also studied and published a large number of works on the subjects of obesity, group dynamics, birth order and ... Schachter was also interested in research involving the original ideas of Francis Galton on eminence and birth order. It was ... Schachter, S. (1963). Birth order, eminence, and higher education. American Sociological Review, 28, 757-768. Schachter, S. ( ...

*Fernando Rivera y Moncada

... he was ninth in birth order. In the caste system of colonial Spain, Rivera's pure Spanish blood but local birth made him a " ... ordered an expedition north to settle more northerly areas of The Californias. The newly explored northern regions became known ... "criollo", one step down in the social order from those born in Spain. Rivera entered military service in 1742, serving in ...

*Mike Archer (paleontologist)

1945 births. *People from Sydney. *Princeton University alumni. *Members of the Order of Australia ... "Debunking 'Ordering the vegetarian meal? There's more animal blood on your hands.'". All Animals Australia. 2014-11-12. ... "Ordering the vegetarian meal? There's more animal blood on your hands". The Conversation. Archived from the original on 2016- ...

*List of countries with universal health care

"Rank Order - Life expectancy at birth". The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency. January 24, 2008. Retrieved February 1 ... Another criticism is that in order to provide universal coverage to all, the tax income base amount (the maximum amount of ... Singapore currently has the second lowest infant mortality rate in the world and among the highest life expectancies from birth ... Primary care is focused on immunization, prevention of malnutrition, pregnancy, child birth, postnatal care, and treatment of ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! We examine birth order effects on academic achievement for ten-year-old students using data for the entire population of fifth graders in Norway 2007/2008. The analysis thus adds to a thin empirical literature focusing on birth order effects among young children. We find that being firstborn confers a significant advantage in families with two, three and four children. The analysis makes two other contributions. First, we provide evidence that unless mothers age at childbirth is included among the control variables, only small and imprecise birth order effects are revealed in families with low socioeconomic status. Second, we provide some evidence that the birth order effects differ across families with highly educated and less educated mothers, which lend support to the resource dilution model over the confluence model.
Using sibling data from the German Life History Study and fixed-effects models, I find that birth order has a strong negative effect on educational attainment in West Germany-being born later translates to less education. The strength of the birth order effect is comparable to those of many commonly used family background indicators. This finding contrasts many sceptical accounts of birth order found in the sociological and psychological literatures. The results of this study also show the sensitivity of birth order estimates to model specification, pointing to a likely cause for conflicting results in the previous literature. Birth order effects are weaker for females and in larger families, but do not vary according to families socioeconomic characteristics. The effects are likewise strong at transition from compulsory school to Gymnasium, but not significant on the transition from Gymnasium to university. Overall, the results do not support theories emphasizing the dilution of socioeconomic ...
STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to examine if there is an effect of fathers age and of birth order on the occurrence of congenital heart disease. DESIGN--This was a hospital based case-referent study including use of birth defects surveillance data. SUBJECTS--Subjects were 497 cases of congenital heart disease aged between 3 months and 5 years, born in Beijing and Hebei Province, China; 6222 children without congenital heart disease serve as reference baseline. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS--With stratified analysis and logistic regression analyses, congenital heart disease was found to be associated with fathers age less than 25 years (odds ratio 2.63), independent of mothers age and of birth order. There was also evidence to show a higher birth order effect on the occurrence of congenital heart disease independent of parental ages. CONCLUSION--Higher birth order and fathers aged less than 25 years were both independently associated with some categories of congenital heart disease and with ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! It is commonly believed that birth order is an important determinant of success. However, previous studies in this area have failed to provide convincing evidence that birth order is related to test scores, education, or earnings. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth--1979, we investigate the association between birth order and adolescent behaviors such as smoking, drinking, marijuana use, sexual activity, and crime. Our estimates show that middle borns and last borns are much more likely to use substances and be sexually active than their firstborn counterparts. These results provide the strongest evidence to date that birth order is related to measurable behaviors. (JEL I12, J12, J13) Copyright 2006, Oxford University Press.
This study uses Swedish population register data to investigate the relationship between birth order and mortality at ages 30 to 69 for Swedish cohorts born between 1938 and 1960, using a within-family comparison. The main analyses are conducted with discrete-time survival analysis using a within-family comparison, and the estimates are adjusted for age, mothers age at the time of birth, and cohort. Focusing on sibships ranging in size from two to six, we find that mortality risk in adulthood increases with later birth order. The results show that the relative effect of birth order is greater among women than among men. This pattern is consistent for all the major causes of death but is particularly pronounced for mortality attributable to cancers of the respiratory system and to external causes. Further analyses in which we adjust for adult socioeconomic status and adult educational attainment suggest that social pathways only mediate the relationship between birth order and mortality risk in ...
Background Birth order has been suggested to be linked to several cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, but the evidence is still inconsistent. We aim to determine the associations of birth order with body mass index (BMI), muscle strength and blood pressure. Further we will analyse whether these relationships are affected by family characteristics. Methods BMI, elbow flexion, hand grip and knee extension strength and systolic and diastolic blood pressure were measured at conscription examination in 1 065 710 Swedish young men born between 1951 and 1975. The data were analysed using linear multivariate and fixed effects regression models; the latter compare siblings and account for genetic and social factors shared by brothers. Results Fixed effect regression analysis showed that birth order was inversely associated with BMI: second and third born had 0.8% and 1.1% ( ...
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of family size, birth order, socioeconomic status, and parent-child relationships to young childrens intellectual development. Seventy-four children, 39 boys and 35 girls, with a mean age of 4 years-8 months, and their parents (mothers and fathers), selected from 9 preschool programs and daycare centers in Corvallis, Oregon, acted as subjects for this study. Ninety-five percent of the families came from upper or upper-middle socioeconomic classes. All the families were intact, consisting of children and their biological parents, representing one-, two, and three-child families. The children in this study were either first-, second- or third-born children. Family socioeconomic status was determined via Hollingsheads Four Factor Index of Social Status. Information on family size and birth order was obtained through a Demographic Questionnaire. Parent-child relationship was assessed via the Parent Attitude Research Instrument-Short ...
Were taking a fascinating look at what your birth order says about you.Have you ever wondered what role birth order played in your personality, your job and how you get along with others?While there are a lot of stereotypes about the baby or the oldest in the family, there are many personality ...
First-born girls can be overweight or obese than their later-born sisters. That is what a new Swedish study suggests. Find the best Cyber Monday Deals 2017. Older girls can be 29% overweight and 40% more obese than their younger sisters, according to the study. Researchers came to this conclusion after looking at the data of more than 13,000 pairs of Swedish born sisters.. All the participants were at least 18 years old and pregnant. The information about their weights at the time of birth was obtained from Swedish National Birth Register. Their height and weight as being adults was taken during their first prenatal visit when they were about 10 to 12 weeks pregnant. At birth, first-borns were lighter than the second-born. But when they reached to adulthood, they were heavier than their younger sisters. They were slightly taller as well (1.2 mm).. In the first three months of pregnancy, first-born women also have a marginally higher Body Mass Index (BMI) than their younger sister. Though, the ...
Background The incidence rates of childhood onset type 1 diabetes are almost universally increasing across the globe but the aetiology of the disease remains largely unknown. We investigated whether birth order is associated with the risk of childhood diabetes by performing a pooled analysis of previous studies. Methods Relevant studies published before January 2010 were identified from MEDLINE, Web of Science and EMBASE. Authors of studies provided individual patient data or conducted pre-specified analyses. Meta-analysis techniques were used to derive combined odds ratios (ORs), before and after adjustment for confounders, and investigate heterogeneity. Results Data were available for 6 cohort and 25 case-control studies, including 11 955 cases of type 1 diabetes. Overall, there was no evidence of an association prior to adjustment for confounders. After adjustment for maternal age at birth and other confounders, a reduction in the risk of diabetes in second- or later born children became ...
Being the younger child in a large African Family: a study of birth order as a risk factor for poor health using the demographic and health surveys for 18 countries. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
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Kristensen and his colleagues, reporting in Thursdays online version of the journal Science, also concluded it doesnt matter if you arent really the first child. [...] he added with a chuckle, his sister, an FBI intelligence analyst with a degree in literature, reads mostly trashy romance novels. Frank Sulloway, a UC Berkeley professor and birth order expert who wrote an accompanying commentary for Science, noted that the difference in IQ between the oldest child and siblings was a measly 2.3 points. Sulloway said the findings dont really mean much for individual families, but they do have larger implications for the overall population in that older siblings who do better on standardized tests, in fact, tend to get into better colleges. The results put to rest one theory among researchers that a difference in IQ is due to some adverse effects during subsequent pregnancies, Kristensen said. San Rafael psychologist and first-born child Ann Buscho theorized that older siblings might do better on
And here are six random things about me: 1) I was thought to be twins. Twins run very heavily in my family, especially with firstborn children. My Mom and my Dads mom are twins. Luckily for the world, I was a single birth. They determined this back in the early 60s by x-raying my mom with me in the womb(!), 2) My great great grandfather invented the horse-hay rake and hes mentioned in an old eighth grade Texas history book, 3) I graduated from Texas A&Ms original sister school, Texas Womans University in 83, 4) I am the only short, blue-eyed blonde in my family. However, I look just like my dad (in a short, blue-eyed blondy kind of way), so that negates speculation regarding my Mom having illicit liaisons with the postman, 5) My shoe size is 6.5EE which is why I own few pairs of shoes and go barefoot most of the year, 6) I do not have a palmaris longus in either forearm. This is a genetic trait; my Dad doesnt have them either. Bummer if I need a tendon transfer as this is the first one a ...
From his earliest years, according to Montaigne biographer Sarah Bakewell,2 Montaigne was "so afraid of losing his life that he could no longer enjoy it while he had it." A number of traumas contributed to the obsession. As a 15-year-old student (1548), Montaigne watched an angry mob brutally murder the town governor. In 1563 Montaignes beloved friend, Étienne de La Boétie, humanist writer, poet, and scholar, died from the plague. In 1568 his father died from kidney stone complications. In 1569 his brother Arnaud was struck on the head by a ball playing tennis. In 1570 the first-born child of his marriage died. Montaigne wrote, "With such frequent and ordinary examples passing before our eyes, how can we possibly rid ourselves of the thought of death and of the idea that at every moment it is gripping us by the throat?"2(p13) ...
From his earliest years, according to Montaigne biographer Sarah Bakewell,2 Montaigne was "so afraid of losing his life that he could no longer enjoy it while he had it." A number of traumas contributed to the obsession. As a 15-year-old student (1548), Montaigne watched an angry mob brutally murder the town governor. In 1563 Montaignes beloved friend, Étienne de La Boétie, humanist writer, poet, and scholar, died from the plague. In 1568 his father died from kidney stone complications. In 1569 his brother Arnaud was struck on the head by a ball playing tennis. In 1570 the first-born child of his marriage died. Montaigne wrote, "With such frequent and ordinary examples passing before our eyes, how can we possibly rid ourselves of the thought of death and of the idea that at every moment it is gripping us by the throat?"2(p13) ...
The team came to Christy and Mike and told them Lauren needed to get to Golisano Childrens Hospital at the University of Rochester Medical Center now. She needed the specialists there.. Christy was pushed in a wheelchair to see her first-born child in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) before Lauren was taken by ambulance to Rochester. The seriousness of the situation was weighing on Christy. She wanted to go with Lauren, but she had just had major surgery and couldnt be discharged. Her obstetrician, who always has a very calm and professional demeanor, came into the NICU, hugged Christy and started crying.. Christy had to go back to her room, while Mike rushed to Rochester to be with their daughter. Christys mother stayed with her to help her get discharged from the maternity ward as quickly as possible. "I was hearing all these babies cry, and my baby was not there," Christy said. "You just never realize… you never think this is going to happen.". When Lauren arrived in the NICU at ...
Since this is not my first rodeo, Ill shed a little light for those unfamiliar with the concept: On Parent Visitation Day (PVD, as I like to call it), parents follow their student(s) around from class to class in order to get a feel for what their day is like. Spoiler alert: its long, chaotic and exactly as you remember middle school to be.. When it comes to this shadow day, there are three types of parents: The super excited class participators who think this is the best idea ever (most likely, theyre with their first-born child and this is their first experience with PVD); The badass rebel whos been through it before and says, "Nope. Been there, done that," so they skip it (hey, no judgement here!); And the reluctant rule-follower whos there begrudgingly and will most likely cut out early. I fall in the third category, although I wish I was in the second.. Having already gone through this torture three other times with my older son, I swore Id never do it again. The first time, when my ...
The start of kindergarten is bittersweet for most parents. On one hand, were excited for the new experiences that await our youngsters as they begin their school careers; at the same time, we mourn the passing of the baby years. How quickly they grow up.. While our first-born child, Julian, is now in university, I clearly remember the day he started junior kindergarten. He was so proud to be going to "the big school", carrying his new backpack and wearing the outfit that his grandmother had given him to mark this special occasion.. Me, I was ready to cry. Not just because JK represented a new milestone - my 4-year-old was growing up - but out of fear that he might have an allergic reaction at school.. Julian had been diagnosed with peanut allergy only six months earlier. My husband Victor and I were still getting used to the routine of reading food labels, preparing safe meals, and remembering to carry an epinephrine auto-injector everywhere.. Now, as our son moved out of our protective bubble ...
It was such a lot of fun to see objects from various Grimm tales being used in the modern day (for instance, the Table-Be-Set - it sounds delicious! Who wouldnt want one of those?) I really, really liked Elizabeths descriptions of the magic through scent; there were such a lot of different, fabulous and creative odors that Shulman included in there and it definitely made the reading experience more visceral. Also, the abstract nature of the deposits required for anyone to rent out a Grimm Collection object was fantastic and really made you think about what youd be willing to give away. Your first-born child? Your sense of direction? Your childhood memories? Your free will? The weighty importance of these attributes also lent more credibility to the premise of loaning magical objects, because it gives a definite incentive for having the borrower return it ...
I am reminded every time I pray the Joyful Mysteries, that every one of Marys joys was tinged with sorrow. The joy and pride of showing off your firstborn child is a cherished memory of many a mother. I remember bringing Gabriela to Mass for the first time, and the crowd that gathered around to congratulate Francisco and I. We beamed with pride. Imagine if one of the friends had said, "your daughter is going to die in a car crash, and your heart will be broken". How would you react to such a dire prediction snatching away the joy of this moment ...
Nevertheless, it is important to realize that p/p interactions, dipole/dipole interactions, and hydrogen bonding, are not different types of interaction but are all polar interactions but of different strength. In fact, many more terms have been introduced to describe subtly different enthalpic and entropic contributions to retention. Again one should remember Einsteins comment on first order effects being simple. However, in fairness, it must be said that, in many cases, these extra terms are often introduced to take into account many second order effects. One final point, standard energy is a bulk property, and in this approach, where a portion is allotted to a particular type of interaction, e.g., dispersive, it will include all dispersive interactions throughout the whole molecule. It will account for the net effect of many interactions involving all dispersive groups and all other groups (including polar) that can offer dispersive interactivity and not solely for a specific interaction ...
Military oriented website specifically for wives and families of military personnel. This site will teach you about the United States Armed Forces with knowledge on ranks, medals, and much more.
I have discovered a possible new way to interpret the HotU prophecies. (Who hasnt heard that a million times?) I think the order of the prophecies migh...
Vasculogenesis is a complex process by which endothelial stem and progenitor cells undergo de novo vessel formation. Quantitative assessment of vasculogenesis has become a central readout of endothelial progenitor cell functionality, and therefore, several attempts have been made to improve both in vitro and in vivo vasculogenesis models. However, standard methods are limited in scope, with static measurements failing to capture many aspects of this highly dynamic process. Therefore, the goal of developing this novel protocol was to assess the kinetics of in vitro vasculogenesis in order to quantitate rates of network formation and stabilization, as well as provide insight into potential mechanisms underlying vascular dysfunction ...
For each additional brother that precedes him, a boys chance of growing up to be gay increases by a third. A fascinating article and commentary in the current issue of Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. now make the point "that the social influence of an older brother is irrelevant to whether his younger brother will develop a homosexual orientation. It is the number of older biological brothers the mother carried, not the presence of older brothers while growing up, that makes some boys grow up to be gay. Older stepbrothers in the home have no effect, although older biological brothers raised apart still exert their influence. These data, by elimination, strengthen the notion that the common denominator between biological brothers, the mother, provides a prenatal environment that fosters homosexuality in her younger sons ...
Of 2,348 children born to women who later developed diabetes, 12.6 per cent had a recollected birth weight exceeding 10 lb. (4.5 kg.), compared with 5 per cent of a control group. The proportion of these heavy babies did not increase, as the diagnosis approached and was as great forty to sixty as zero to twenty years betore the diabetes was recognized. It was the same in each birth rank.. Men show no increased tendency to beget very large babies before the onset of diabetes.. The stillbirth rate in the five years preceding the diagnosis of diabetes was 13.8 per cent but before that period was not in excess of that in the general population.. ...
I know this is not a random sampling at all, but Im one of those folks with a remarkable number of Type 1 diabetics in one family. I am one of three diabetic siblings out of 6. The diabetics were #2, #4, and #5 in birth order. My endo told me that some kidney complications are now thought to have a genetic marker associated with them, and that if you have not had kidney problems after a certain number of years with diabetes, your chances are extremely low of ever developing it. My brother nearly died of kidney failure and then had a kidney transplant after about 20 years with diabetes. Ive been very fortunate that after 30 years with diabetes, I have no sign of kidney complications, so Im hoping I dont have the tendency. My sister is doing okay, too, after about 25 years. Arlie Sims Chicago _________________________________________________________________ MSN Photos is the easiest way to share and print your photos: http://photos.msn.com/support/worldwide.aspx ...
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have evidence suggesting that neurons in the developing brains of mice are guided by a simple but elegant birth order rule that allows them to find and form their proper connections.
In Scientific Computing, space-filling curves are quite commonly used as tools to improve certain properties of data structures or algorithms, or even to provide or simplify algorithmic solutions to p
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Also, I think maybe slight differences in the way the brightnesses of different hues are perceived could lead to them balancing the brightness in such a way that they see all of the brightnesses as all the same, but some people would not and might find it more aesthetically pleasing to order by brightness and rack up a few points that way. Maybe? Because I had to consciously ignore brightness in a few places because it looked like it was going from darker, to lighter, to darker again within a few squares going by the right order on hue ...
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A study from the Illinois College of Optometry suggests that, because of the routine performance of activities that require eye movement skills, first-born children have better vision.
Previous investigations have drawn conflicting conclusions concerning the association between childhood leukemia and maternal age, birth order, socioeconomic status, and paternal occupation. In this study, 255 childhood leukemia cases diagnosed in California between 1975 and 1980 were individually matched with two living controls on the basis of sex, date of birth, and county of birth. Data were derived from subjects birth certificates. Socioeconomic status and paternal benzene exposure were determined from the paternal occupation stated on the birth certificate. Hispanics and males were overrepresented in the case group. Cases were also less likely to be of birth order one. No difference was found between case and control groups for maternal age or paternal occupation. Analyses with stratification on age, sex, and leukemia cell type are reported.
Intake of colostrum after birth is essential to stimulate intestinal growth and function, and to provide systemic immunological protection via absorption of Immunoglobulin G (IgG). The birth order and weight of 745 piglets (from 75 litters) were recorded during a one-week period of farrowing. Only pigs weighing greater than 0.68 kg birth weight were chosen for the trial. Sow colostrum was collected during parturition, and piglets were bled between 48 and 72 hours post-birth. Piglet serum IgG and colostral IgG concentrations were determined by radial immunodiffusion. Sow parity had a significant (P | 0.001) effect on sow colostral IgG concentration, being 5% higher in multiparous females. Sow colostral IgG concentration explained 6% and piglet birth order accounted for another 4% of the variation observed in piglet serum IgG concentration (P | 0.05); however, birth weight had no detectable effect. Piglet serum IgG concentration had both a linear (P | 0.05) and quadratic effect (P | 0.05) on % survival.
Objective This retrospective cohort study examined the effect of birth order on neonatal morbidity and mortality in very preterm twins. Study Design Using 2005 to 2012 data from the Canadian Neonatal Network, very preterm twins born between 24 (0/7) and 32 (6/7) weeks of gestation were included. Odds of morbidity and mortality of second-born cotwins compared with first-born cotwins were examined by matched-pair analysis. Outcomes were neonatal death, severe brain injury (intraventricular hemorrhage grade 3 or 4 or persistent periventricular echogenicity), bronchopulmonary dysplasia, severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) (, stage 2), necrotizing enterocolitis (≥ stage 2), and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS ...
Bending forwards and twisting may cause excessive pregnancy week by week twins belly to the lower again and pelvic joints. for not obeying orders… I can think up plenty of penalties to this newest hysteria. 13 Spend this time giving to and nurturing one another and receiving the identical presents with out hesitation. 2000. Visit our Pregnancy Obstetrics class web page for the newest information on this topic, or sign as much as our publication to receive the most recent updates on Pregnancy Obstetrics. My mate goes through horrible feelings at the moment considering she is. I birth order effects on parenting some recognizing Friday solely when I wiped (sorry tmi) - not even enough to where a tampon. The more popular pillow brands promote spare covers individually so to nonetheless use your pillow at night while your washed cowl dries. You must have your first prenatal appointment at 10 weeks gestation. This home take a look at ought to stay positive. In case you stop taking your ...
Repeated measures: The same participants take part in each condition of the independent variable. This means that each condition of the experiment includes the same group of participants.. Pro: Fewer people are needed as they take part in all conditions (i.e. saves time) Con: There may be order effects. Order effects refer to the order of the conditions having an effect on the participants behavior. Performance in the second condition may be better because the participants know what to do (i.e. practice effect). Or their performance might be worse in the second condition because they are tired (i.e. fatigue effect).. Matched pairs: One pair must be randomly assigned to the experimental group and the other to the control group. e.g. group A- 2 hours sleep, group B 10 hours sleep matched for age, gender, normal sleeping length Pro: Reduces participant (i.e. extraneous) variables because the researcher has tried to pair up the participants so that each condition has people with similar abilities ...
Among women and men who had a family history of pre-eclampsia, some were first born and others were born second or later. The familial association with pre-eclampsia was independent of birth order. As expected, the absolute risk of pre-eclampsia was reduced with increasing birth order, but the familial association was consistent, strengthening the evidence of an association.. Our cohort data are based on mandatory reporting in a population based registry over a 37 year period. The large study size and the standardised collection of data provide high precision in the estimates of effect. Moreover, the cohort design, comprising a whole population, reduces the possibility that selection bias can explain our findings. However, we cannot exclude potential confounding by other risk factors for pre-eclampsia.14 For example, obesity before pregnancy may be shared by mothers and daughters and may contribute to their shared risk of pre-eclampsia. In Norway, however, obesity of the degree that increases ...
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of an accentuated eccentric load on subsequent concentric kinetic factors and block jumping performance in elite male volleyball players. Eleven male volleyball high-performance players (18.9 ± 2.6 years, 203.6 ± 5.6 cm, 91.4 ± 8.2 kg), who were training full time with the national team development squad, participated in this within-subject, counter-balanced study. One half of the subjects performed the block jumps (BJ), followed by a 20 kg accentuated eccentric load block jump (AEBJ) condition, whilst the other half of the subject pool performed the testing in the reverse sequence. Superior jump heights (4.3%) and kinetic and kinematic enhancements (9.4, 3.9, 3.1% for peak power, peak force, and peak velocity, respectively) were observed in the AEBJ condition compared to the BJ condition, with no order effect observed. The differences between conditions were statistically significant (p | 0.05), with moderate magnitudes (ES = 0.1-0.4). The
Imagine, for a moment, that the moon is a black body radiator that has a total energy output equal to the current reflected light+black body radiation output. If you focus as much of that radiation as you can on your target, the best you can do is reach the same temperature and produce the same black body output. (This is ignoring, admittedly, the second order effects of your target radiating some of its energy back to the moon, and vice versa, which does raise the temperature slightly. This effect is negligible as long as the size of your target is small relative to the size of the moon.) This would occur when you construct optics that make 100% of the sky of your target occupied by the moon (a dyson ellipsoid being the easiest approach). However, unless your target is also the size of the moon, much of the light at the target focus would miss the target and end up returning to the moon. You cannot optically concentrate light any more tightly than this. In order for the sky of your target ...
This paper summarizes the results of a survey on smart non-structural element dynamic dissipation when installed in modern high-rise mega-frame prototypes. An innovative glazed curtain wall was designed using Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) joints in order to increase the energy dissipation and enhance the seismic/wind response of the structures. The studied buildings consisted of thirty- and sixty-storey planar frames, extracted from reference three-dimensional steel Moment Resisting Frame (MRF) with outriggers and belt trusses. The internal core was composed of a CBF system, whilst outriggers were placed every fifteen stories to limit second order effects and inter-storey drifts. These structural systems were designed in accordance with European rules and numerical FE models were developed with an open-source code, able to account for geometric and material nonlinearities. With regard to the characterization of non-structural building components, full-scale crescendo tests were performed on ...
First, it is apparent that the expression is negative and therefore meaningless unless v > c/n, the phase velocity of the medium. Second, it is interesting to note that Cerenkov radiation is readily differentiated from Bremsstrahlung radiation because the intensity does not depend on the mass of the charged particle, whereas Bremsstrahlung radiation does. [2] Finally, given that the index of refraction of water does not vary much over the visible spectrum, the intensity goes linearly with frequency, explaining why Cerenkov radiation appears blue. [3] Later experimental studies corroborated agreement with the Frank and Tamm theory, apart from understood deviations such as ultraviolet absorption in water and second order effects. [4]. It is interesting to consider what the energy of an electron would need to be in order to observe Cerenkov radiation in air. Assuming a constant index of refraction of 1.0003 over the visible spectrum, the threshold velocity would be roughly 0.9997c. In this case, a ...
Detailed anthropological and sociological studies have been made about customs of patrilineal inheritance, where only male children can inherit. Some cultures also employ matrilineal succession, where property can only pass along the female line, most commonly going to the sisters sons of the decedent; but also, in some societies, from the mother to her daughters. Some ancient societies and most modern states employ egalitarian inheritance, without discrimination based on gender and/or birth order. The system of patrilineal primogeniture traditionally prevalent among most southern Bantu tribes is explained in detail by Isabel Moodley: "Due to the polygynous nature of the customary marriage, African customary law distinguishes between "family rank" and "house rank". ... Family rank refers to the status of family members within the family group. In customary law, males held a higher rank than their female counterparts. A persons rank was ultimately determined by the principle of primogeniture. ...
Looking at my oldest daughter is like picking up large fragments of a shattered mirror. Not all, but so many of her mannerisms are identical to my own. Perfectionism? Ah, there I am. Trying too hard to please everyone? I see you, Courtney. She carries these pieces of me deep inside her, so I recognize them right away. She worries … my God does she worry. She holds herself to an unattainable standard and it levels her when she doesnt reach it. If she isnt winning it all, shes losing completely. She is her toughest critic. If people dont adopt her approach, she disengages. Over the years Ive learned to curb some of my self-sabotaging habits, but my little girl is so far from recognizing her struggles as struggles. She just straps them on her tiny back and sinks. Birth order is a funny thing. People always say, "Typical first child," and for the longest time, I thought that was crap. (Spoken like a true youngest child.) But now Im not sure. When youre first in line, followed by a class ...
Though I was nervous about the impending step into parenthood, I had a midwife I adored and a host of incredibly supportive friends.. In honor of my Little L, I thought Id share his birth story with you. I believe in natural birth. And in sharing our stories, hopefully we can empower other women to trust in their ability to bring babies into the world peacefully and without unnecessary interventions.. I loved being pregnant. Once a week, Id take my Rottweiler up to Shenandoah National Park and hike at a popular Virginia spot, called Sugar Hollow. We went about two miles uphill to a waterfall and small swimming hole. It was my time to be at peace and feel that critter move through my belly like a swimmer.. I ate right. Many small meals, and I probably downed my weight in apples that summer. I was healthy and strong, and knew I could have the natural labor I wanted.. But by the end my pregnancy, Little L rested near my back, pressing on my sciatic nerve.. I was once able to hike for miles in the ...
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Though the travel ban received considerably more attention, another recent Trump administration executive order should also be the target of nationwide street protests. - Arthur van Benthem, Philadelphia Inquirer
Johnny Depp has been ordered to stay 100 yards away from his estranged wife Amber Heard. Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Carl H. Moor made the ruling on
Children who do not have brothers and sisters have a 50% higher chance of being obese or overweight than children who have siblings. 12,700 children from 8
The newest from Yglesias (Hot Properties, 1986) may be one the baby boomers will flock to—a passionate tale of thirty something yuppies in search of the perfect infant.
Birth Characteristics Depending on the users selections of year(s) of interest in Step Three, the selectable birth characteristics in Step Seven change.. ...
I swear on my firstborn that Main Course can do no wrong, first releasing solid EPs from the likes of Bot and Astronomar, both of which you can downlo
I fully endorse naming your firstborn St. John Swansburg, John. Or perhaps, St. John of the Swansburg. But youll only place a distant second to Jermai ...
i forgot to say,she also has a son who is bi polar,they feed off of each other,she left me 15 times in 5 yrs,when shes in her manic state,she took her depakote for 1 wk then stopped,i cant contact or go around her because i tried to talk to her about what was going on and after i left she put a restraning order on me.so now how do i help her?her family dosent deal with her and mine thinks im crazy for dealing with her irrational behavior,truly need help,our family physician put me on effoxer for anxiety and depression,i feel like im failing her but dont know what else to ...
Every Louisianian residing within 35 miles of the Gulf should read President Trumps executive order on energy independence because it contains what could well be a death sentence for their homes and jobs.
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In a mathematical sense, introducing a sequential order on a d-dimensional array of elements (or cells) defines a corresponding mapping - from the range of array indices $$\{1,\ldots ,{n\}}^{d}$$ to
COOPER: Right. And my point is only that BP management has done a disservice to their employees by not allowing that story to get out. And by slapping -- you know, putting a gag order on every single employee they have, making them sign agreements not to talk to the media, even something like, gosh, how hard is did for you to work on this beach, cleaning this oil up? They are doing a disservice to their employees, because what many of their employees are doing is extraordinary. Theyre working around the clock, as you saw. And Im glad you were able to get out there to see it ...
The best third party manufacturers impress their clients with customized serviced and products. Offering bespoke labeling and packaging, executing bulk orders on time, offering negotiable rates, and many such benefits are the key to a successful 3rd party pharma manufacturing business.. ...
Monday, June 05 2006. Faithful readers may have noticed I havent been posting for a while. The reason is that we moved house a couple of weekends ago, and so I ran out of time and energy for blogging. We also lost our broadband connection. Kids, here are a few things Ive learned about getting DSL when you move.. First, because Xtra has a direct view into Telecoms innards, and vice versa, you can save a lot of time and trouble by ordering DSL through Xtra. I didnt do this.. Second, Telecom dont always close the order straight after theyve livened up your new phone line, so if you get your ISP to put a DSL order through on the same day, Telecom will reject it, because theres already an open order on your line. Whatever the hell that is. So wait a day or call 123 to make sure the orders closed first.. Third, once youve lost a couple of days sorting that out, dont trust your ISP to send a confirmation message or tell you anything at all. At least if your ISP is Orcon anyway. If it ...
Monday, June 05 2006. Faithful readers may have noticed I havent been posting for a while. The reason is that we moved house a couple of weekends ago, and so I ran out of time and energy for blogging. We also lost our broadband connection. Kids, here are a few things Ive learned about getting DSL when you move.. First, because Xtra has a direct view into Telecoms innards, and vice versa, you can save a lot of time and trouble by ordering DSL through Xtra. I didnt do this.. Second, Telecom dont always close the order straight after theyve livened up your new phone line, so if you get your ISP to put a DSL order through on the same day, Telecom will reject it, because theres already an open order on your line. Whatever the hell that is. So wait a day or call 123 to make sure the orders closed first.. Third, once youve lost a couple of days sorting that out, dont trust your ISP to send a confirmation message or tell you anything at all. At least if your ISP is Orcon anyway. If it ...
I was wondering how i can get pregnant and y i havent? i have cervical cancer and have had it since i gave birth to my only child 3 yrs ago. I have been trying to have another child so they are close i...
Were glad to hear Robert is over the "I want a daughter" blues! Back when he announced his wife was preggers The Avengers actor admitted he was hoping for a girl. His reasoning: he didnt want his first born son, 18-year-old Indio to intimidated by another boy in his life. Were sure Indio is happy to be a big bro! Being an only child is lonely, and now when RDJ gets old he wont have to take care of by himself. (LOL!). Congrats to the whole fam! [Image via WENN.] Tags: congrats, gave birth, new born, preggers, robert downey jr., second child, son, yay. ...
People used to ask me that all the time, back when my daughter was still really young. Now that shes ten I guess it seems obvious that we either cant or dont want to have any others. These days Im more likely to get comments about the hazards of raising an only child. Which is even worse than the baby questions, because someone may not know that we have infertility issues, but its certainly clear that we cant go back in time and create siblings ...
Figure S1. Predictions of monthly probability of birth inferred from climatic data in Asian elephants from Myanmar. Here, in contrast to the model in Figure , this model does not explicitly include birth month, but only considered the climatic data at birth (in addition to birth order and sex). The association with birth month was performed a posteriori: For each calf we calculated the predicted probability of birth based on climatic conditions at birth, and then computed the average probability of birth across all calves born in each month. The dashed line indicates the probability of birth if births were distributed equally across months.. Figure S2. Predictions of the probability that calves die between 1 and 5 years of age by birth months, in Asian elephants from Myanmar. Predictions were calculated for each calf individually and then averaged across birth months. As such, predictions captured the effect of sex, birth order, relatedness, location, and cohort effects.. Table S1. Summary table ...
Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is a condition where the "ball and socket" joint of the hip does not properly form in babies and young children.. Its sometimes called congenital hip dislocation or hip dysplasia.. The hip joint attaches the thigh bone (femur) to the pelvis. The top of the femur (femoral head) is rounded, like a ball, and sits inside the cup-shaped hip socket.. In DDH, the socket of the hip is too shallow and the femoral head is not held tightly in place, so the hip joint is loose. In severe cases, the femur can come out of the socket (dislocate). DDH may affect 1 or both hips, but its more common in the left hip. Its also more common in girls and firstborn children. About 1 or 2 in every 1,000 babies have DDH that needs to be treated.. Without treatment, DDH may lead to problems later in life, including:. ...
An Armenian couple has named its firstborn child after French President Nicholas Sarkozy two days after the French Senate adopted a law criminalizing any public denial of what is recognized in France as the Armenian genocide in the Ottoman Empire.
The exact cause of torticollis is unknown.. Congenital muscular torticollis is more likely to occur in first-born children. This may also be accompanied by hip dislocation. The cause is likely from intrauterine positioning resulting in injury to the neck muscles.. Acquired torticollis may be caused by irritation to the cervical nerves from trauma or vigorous movement. Additional causes may include: ...
The exact cause of torticollis is unknown.. Congenital muscular torticollis is more likely to occur in first-born children. This may also be accompanied by hip dislocation. The cause is likely from intrauterine positioning resulting in injury to the neck muscles.. Acquired torticollis may be caused by irritation to the cervical nerves from trauma or vigorous movement. Additional causes may include: ...
Strong preference for sons in South Asia is well documented, but evidence on female disadvantage in childhood feeding, health care, and nutritional status is inconclusive. This paper examines sex differentials in indicators of childhood feeding, health care, and nutritional status of children under age 3 by birth order and sex composition of older living siblings. Data are from Indias 1992-93 and 1998-99 National Family Health Surveys. The analysis finds three reasons for inconclusive evidence on female disadvantage in aggregate analyses. First, discrimination against girls is limited to children of certain birth orders and sex compositions of older siblings, who constitute a relatively small fraction of all children. Second, discrimination against girls when boys are in short supply and discrimination against boys when girls are in short supply cancel each other to some extent. Third, some discrimination against girls (e.g., in exclusive breastfeeding at 6-9 months) is nutritionally beneficial ...
Childhood infection has been proposed as an important etiologic factor for schizophrenia. However, it is unclear to what extent the association between childhood infection and schizophrenia is confounded by parental socioeconomic status and mental illness, and childhood adversity, and whether the association is explained by familial liability for infections. We used a historical, population-based cohort design, selecting all singletons born in Denmark between 1981 and 1998 (n = 882,813). We identified exposure to infection as having been hospitalized with an infection in the Danish national registers. Data from a range of population-based registers were used to construct a childhood adversity index. The index included the following adversities: family disruption, parental incarceration, parental chronic somatic disease, death of a parent, parent permanently outside of workforce, childhood abuse and placement in out-of-home care. We also assessed parental socioeconomic status and mental illness. ...
That hasnt happened yet. But the clear focus of sexual-orientation research has shifted to biological causes, and there hasnt been much science produced to support the old theories tying homosexuality to upbringing. Freud may have been seeing the effect rather than the cause, since a father faced with a very feminine son might well become more distant or hostile, leading the boys mother to become more protective. In recent years, researchers who suspect that homosexuality is inborn - whether because of genetics or events happening in the womb - have looked everywhere for clues: Prenatal hormones. Birth order. Finger length. Fingerprints. Stress. Sweat. Eye blinks. Spatial relations. Hearing. Handedness. Even "gay" sheep ...
Predictors (other than time). Sex, gestational age at birth, birthweight, WHZ at birth, LAZ at birth, birth order, calendar month of birth, delivery location (hospital), height, BMI, age, education, marital status, breastfeeding practices, asset-based wealth index, number of rooms, total number of persons, number of children < 5 y, animals, flooring (improved vs. unimproved), sanitation facility (JMP definitions), safe water source (JMP definitions), treats drinking water, soap present in the home. ...
Introduction. Contents Page2 Abstract Page3 Introduction, Experimental Hypothesis and Null hypothesis Page 4 Method: Design Page 5 Ethical considerations, Participants, Materials and Procedure Page 6 Results Page 7 Discussion and references Page 8 Appendix 1, Appendix 2 and Appendix 3 Page 9 Appendix 4 and Appendix 5 Page 10 Appendix 6 Page 11 Appendix 7 Page 12 Appendix 8 Abstract Glanzer and Cunitz concluded that the existence of a distracter task, affects the accurate recall of words on the Short-term memory from the end of the list of words. The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of a distracter task from the recall of a list of words on the STM, of a selection of students. A repeated measures design was used and counterbalancing was carried out to control for any order effects. The participants were a sample of 14-15 year old students at a grammar school in Birmingham. Without a distracter task, participants recalled 0.8 more words on average than participants with a distracter ...
Behavioral Assays. Four to 5-week-old male B6 and D2 were purchased from Jackson Laboratories (Bar Harbor, ME) and were housed under standard conditions for at least 1 week prior to use. At the time of experimentation, animal ages ranged from 6 to 8 weeks. Prior to making the behavioral measures, pairs of mice in their home cage were placed in the experimental room and exposed to 65-dB "white" noise for 30 min prior to placement in the test apparatus. To avoid order effects and interactions among different behavioral assays, individual mice were tested in a single apparatus.. To measure anxiety with the light/dark box, individuals were placed in the "light" side of a 25 × 25-cm Plexiglas arena divided equally into light and "dark" sides by an opaque Plexiglas insert (Mouse Truscan Activity Arena; Coulborn Instruments, Allentown, PA). The geometric center of the animal ± 0.8 cm was followed for 300 s by two infrared sensor rings surrounding the entire apparatus, one in the floor plane and one ...
This study identified important possible factors that lead to inequalities in medical care utilization for childhood diarrhea, fever, and cough in Ethiopia. In this study, household wealth status, maternal education, paternal education, maternal age, childhood age, childhood birth order, and maternal workload were identified as factors leading to inequality in health care utilization.. Household wealth status was consistently associated with the three outcome variables, in other words, medical treatment seeking behaviors for childhood diarrhea, cough, and fever. Mothers from households with the richest, richer, and middle wealth status had higher odds of seeking medical treatment than the ones from the poorest household. This finding is consistent with studies in Uganda and Ethiopia which showed that delays in care seeking for childhood fever were higher in the lowest socio-economic status than in the highest one [14, 15]. Moreover, this finding is in agreement with other studies in developing ...
There are so many choices to think about: international, domestic, or foster-to-adopt? One at a time, or a sibling group? Infant, toddler or child? Open or closed? We know wed like to keep the kids birth order the same, so that means five or under, but other than that I think were pretty open as far as age goes. While domestic adoption would mean that wed possibly be able to parent from day one, were not really sure wed be very good at the whole "advertising ourselves as good parents thing." I mean, I write long and in-depth blogs about poop, Jer sings insane songs to our son about about inappropriately named stuffed animals, and while Connor is very cute his list of medical conditions can certainly be intimidating. Jer and I arent sure there are a whole lot of birth mothers (or any) out there who would look at our crazy lives and think that were the perfect family to parent their child. Theres also the fact that we feel like there are multiple families oftentimes who would like to ...
The statistical application considered here arose in epigenomics, linking the DNA methylation proportions measured at specific genomic sites to characteristics such as phenotype or birth order. It was found that the distribution of errors in the proportions of chemical modification (methylation) on DNA, measured at CpG sites, may be successfully modelled by a Laplace distribution which is perturbed by a Hermite polynomial. We use a linear model with such a response function. Hence, the response function is known, or assumed well estimated, but fails to be differentiable in the classical sense due to the modulus function. Our problem was to estimate coefficients for the linear model and the corresponding covariance matrix and to compare models with varying numbers of coefficients. The linear model coefficients may be found using the (derivative-free) simplex method, as in quantile regression. However, this theory does not yield a simple expression for the covariance matrix of the coefficients of ...
Background: In many societies, growing up in a large family is associated with receiving less parental time, attention, and financial support. As a result, children with a large number of siblings may have worse physical and mental health outcomes than children with fewer siblings.. Objective: Our objective is to examine the long-term causal effects of sibship size on physical and mental health in modern Sweden.. Methods: We employ longitudinal data covering the entire Swedish population from the Multigenerational Register and the Medical Birth Register. This data includes information on family size and on potential confounders such as parental background. We use the Prescribed Drug Register to identify the medicines that have been prescribed and dispensed. We use instrumental variable models with multiple births as instruments to examine the causal effects of family size on the health outcomes of children, as measured by receiving medicines at age 45.. Results: Our results indicate that in ...
Mama took him to his words, she backed off, forever. She never again wanted to know and care. In turn, he abused my aunty repeatedly until late last year, she was in a critical condition due to him punching her so hard in the chest. He also rarely visited her at her home (this bastard has another slut of a wife and now is planning to marry another soon, he even brought his slut to her funeral, can you imagine? And this slut, never learning manners and discretion, introduced herself to my Mamas side of family, claiming that shes his high school friend. They were seen giggling and whispering together all throughout the funeral) and rarely even supply her with necessities such as money and food. When she was pregnant twice, he returned her to my Neneks house to be taken care of and took her back months after she gave birth. He never visited. He also took her second-born child, my cousin, a girl about my age to give to his sister (another bitch who hides under the umbrella of piety) who was ...
We look at the effect of an IQ differential between the individual and close brother(s) born at most three years apart.16 This allows us to include family fixed effects and thereby control for family-level time-invariant unobservables, such as genes shared by siblings, parenting style, and fixed family resources. Table 4 shows the results from the regression with family-fixed effects. The first column shows the baseline OLS results using the sample on brothers born at most three years apart. Notice that we include a dummy for the individual being the first born son in the family to account for birth-order effects. The second column shows the results from a regression where we introduce family fixed effects. We lose other parental characteristics than income due to their time-invariant nature.17 The main finding in Table 4 is that the coefficients on "IQ 91-95" and "IQ 96-100" [ these are percentiles, not IQ scores ] in Column 2 (i.e. when we perform the regression with family fixed effects) are ...
We look at the effect of an IQ differential between the individual and close brother(s) born at most three years apart.16 This allows us to include family fixed effects and thereby control for family-level time-invariant unobservables, such as genes shared by siblings, parenting style, and fixed family resources. Table 4 shows the results from the regression with family-fixed effects. The first column shows the baseline OLS results using the sample on brothers born at most three years apart. Notice that we include a dummy for the individual being the first born son in the family to account for birth-order effects. The second column shows the results from a regression where we introduce family fixed effects. We lose other parental characteristics than income due to their time-invariant nature.17 The main finding in Table 4 is that the coefficients on "IQ 91-95" and "IQ 96-100" [ these are percentiles, not IQ scores ] in Column 2 (i.e. when we perform the regression with family fixed effects) are ...
So after a pretty good run of things mediafire decided to suspend my account. This is why the site is now riddled with dead links. I do not plan on re-upping them so dont bother asking. If a link dies, so be it. However, I will gladly try to fill requests assuming I have the album. Just leave a comment or send me an e-mail. It might just take some time though. And if any readers actually want to help out and provide links to replace the dead ones that would be great. As far as the content goes theres no logic behind the selections. These are simply albums I enjoy and figure theres other weirdos out there somewhere who might as well. Basically, the site is here for me to complain about mundane things and ridicule my lame existence ...
So, 22 years ago today I was marveling over those big eyes and sweet cheeks and how right he felt in my arms... and, apparently I wrote a poem about it. A sestina, no less! I found a copy in a folder recently when cleaning out my studio. Im sure it could benefit from some editing, but Ive decided to share it with you just as I found it. Thanks so much for reading ...
Writing a descriptive essay about a place - descriptive essay writing. We work exceptionally with native English speaking writers from US, UK, Canada and Australia that have degrees in different academic fields
Lazienda Steeltecnica nasce oltre 40 anni fa collocandosi nel settore della carpenteria leggera nei comparti elettrici e elettronici sia per il mercato italiano che estero. Opera su una superficie produttiva di 15000 mq situata nella zona industriale di Brivio ( LC ) Dal 2004 è certificata ISO 9001 con lobiettivo di assicurare qualità ed assistenza tecnica alla propria clientela. La consolidata esperienza internazionale, unita al continuo aggiornamento delle strutture tecniche ed ai consistenti investimenti in ricerca e sviluppo, consentono a Steeltecnica di fornire prodotti avanzati ed affidabili. La produzione gestisce una gamma importante di prodotti standard e inoltre, elemento distintivo per Steeltecnica, realizza una serie di prodotti personalizzati su specifiche esigenze del cliente.
When my son was little, well-meaning but really dumb people would ask me when I was having another child. When I told them I wasnt really thinking of having another, they said well-meaning and totally stupid things like: What if something happens to him? I assumed they meant death. Well, its not like I would…
Back in January, Mike and I went to Florida for our goddaughters baptism. While we had a wonderful time, lots of family and fun and lets not forget the sunny and warm weather, the trip home was a bit of a different story. In addition to delays and other issues, we had an interesting character sitting behind us on the flight, a middle-aged guy drinking like a fish and ...
Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa was born at the Hôtel du Bosc in Albi, Tarn, in the Midi-Pyrénées region of France, the firstborn child of Alphonse Charles Comte de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (1838-1913)[2] and his wife Adèle Zoë Tapié de Celeyran (1841-1930).[3] The last part of his name means he was a member of an aristocratic family (descendants of the Counts of Toulouse and Odet de Foix, Vicomte de Lautrec and the Viscounts of Montfa, a village and commune of the Tarn department of southern France, close to the cities of Castres and Toulouse). His younger brother was born in 1867, but died the following year. Both sons enjoyed the titres de courtoisie of Comte[4] and had Henri outlived his father, he would have been accorded the family title of Comte de Toulouse-Lautrec.[5]. After the death of his brother, Toulouse-Lautrecs parents separated and a nanny eventually took care of him.[6] At the age of eight, Toulouse-Lautrec went to live with his mother in Paris where he drew ...
Our first important result is that we do indeed find an inverted-U shaped relation between income and per capita beer consumption in all pooled OLS and fixed effects specifications. From the pooled OLS regressions (Table 3), we find that countries with higher levels of income initially consume more beer. Yet, the second order coefficient on income is negative, indicating that from a certain income level onwards, higher incomes lead to lower per capita beer consumption. The first and second order effects for income are strongly significant and the coefficients are quite robust across the different specifications.. The fixed effects regression results confirm this (Table 4), so the non-linear relationship for income holds not only between countries, but also within individual countries over time. As a country becomes richer, beer consumption rises, but when incomes continue to grow, beer consumption starts to decline at some income level. We calculated the turning point, i.e. the point where beer ...
Lawlor, DA; Davey Smith, G; Whincup, P; Wannamethee, G; Papacosta, O; Dhanjil, S; Griffin, M; Nicolaides, AN; Ebrahim, S; (2003) Association between offspring birth weight and atherosclerosis in middle aged men and women: British Regional Heart Study. Journal of epidemiology and community health, 57 (6). pp. 462-3. ISSN 0143-005X DOI: 10.1136/jech.57.6.462 ...
Data & statistics on Child immunization rates rise with mother education: Child immunization rates rise with mothers education, Mothers Education and Child Immunisation, Results of childrens vaccination coverage by background characteristics. These data show no significant differences in immunization coverage according to sex, birth order and mothers education. However, the proportion of fully immunized children decreases below 80 percent for children in urban areas, in particular in Chisinau, and those from the fourth wealth quintile....
Objective To determine the risk of perinatal death among twins born at term in relation to mode of delivery. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Scotland 1985-2001. Population All twin births at or after 36 weeks of gestation, excluding antepartum stillbirths and perinatal deaths due to congenital abnormality (n= 8073). Methods The outcome of first and second twins was compared using McNemars test and the outcome of twin pairs in relation to mode of delivery was compared using exact logistic regression. Main outcome measures Intrapartum stillbirth or neonatal death of either twin. Results Overall, there were six deaths of first twins and 30 deaths of second twins (OR for second twin 5.00, 95% CI 2.00-14.70). The odds ratio for death of the second twin due to intrapartum anoxia was 21 (95% CI 3.4-868.5). The associations were similar for twins delivered following induction of labour and for sex discordant twins. However, there was no association between birth order and the risk of death ...
The effect of low birth weight on the incidence of asthma by 17 years of age was investigated by studying medical draft examination records of 20,312 male subjects born in Jerusalem between January 1967 and December 1971. Additional information on birth weight and other demographic factors was abstracted from the Jerusalem Perinatal Study computerised database. A stepwise multiple logistic regression was used to estimate the odds ratios for developing asthma by 17 years of age in 500 g birthweight categories from less than 2000 g to 4500 g. The odds ratios were adjusted for the confounding effects of ethnic origin, social class (determined by area of residence), paternal education, maternal age, and birth order. The group with low birth weights (less than 2500 g, n = 1004) had a significantly increased risk of developing asthma by 17 years of age, with an adjusted odds ratio of 1.44 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.79 to 2.66) for birthweight group less than 2000 g and 1.49 (95% CI 1.05 to 2.12) ...
Data & statistics on Pregnancy and birth rates by age United States: Pregnancy, live birth, induced abortion, and fetal loss rates by race and Hispanic origin, 1990 and 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pregnancy and birth rates by age: United States, 1996 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pregnancy rates by age, race, and Hispanic origin of woman, 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..., Pregnancy and birth rates by age: United States, 1997, Pregnancy† Estimated no. of pregnancies,§ 2004 Births and birth-related risk factors¶ No. of births Rate of live birth order per 1,000 live births First Second Third No. of births to unmarried women Proportion of prenatal care and timing†† (%) First trimester Second trimester Third trimester No prenatal care Third trimester or no prenatal care Proportion of gestational age (%) Very preterm (|32 completed ......

Birth Order and Risky Adolescent BehaviorBirth Order and Risky Adolescent Behavior

However, previous studies in this area have failed to provide convincing evidence that birth order is related to test scores, ... These results provide the strongest evidence to date that birth order is related to measurable behaviors. (JEL I12, J12, J13) ... Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth--1979, we investigate the association between birth order and ... It is commonly believed that birth order is an important determinant of success. ...
more infohttps://ideas.repec.org/a/oup/ecinqu/v44y2006i2p215-233.html

Personality traits of siblings and birth order - Business InsiderPersonality traits of siblings and birth order - Business Insider

... psychologists say your birth order can say a lot about what youll be like as an adult. ... Family dynamics differ from house to house, but as studies have shown over the years, birth orders play a huge role in the ... Parents arent as strict with youngest children as they were with firstborns, psychologist and author of "The Birth Order Book ... There are even some experts who have determined who you should marry based on your birth order. ...
more infohttps://www.businessinsider.com/birth-order-personality-types-2017-4

Birth order - WikipediaBirth order - Wikipedia

Birth order refers to the order a child is born in their family; first-born and second-born are examples. Birth order is often ... Birth order and intelligence Birth order and personality CNN article The Independent article Time article USA Today article on ... There was, however, some tendency for people to perceive birth order effects when they were aware of the birth order of an ... They found no substantial effects of birth order and concluded that birth order research was a "waste of time." More recent ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birth_order

The Birth Order Book - WikipediaThe Birth Order Book - Wikipedia

The Birth Order Book: Why You Are the Way You Are is a 1982 non-fiction book by Dr. Kevin Leman on birth order and its ... "Personality Traits Linked To Birth Order". CBS News. Retrieved 22 September 2013. "No kidding: Birth order may not count". Erie ... "BIRTH ORDER: IS THE OLDEST THE WISEST?". Philadelphia Inquirer. May 12, 1985. Retrieved 22 September 2013. "Pecking order". ... Reception for The Birth Order Book and the theories espoused in the book has been mixed, with some commenting that there are " ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Birth_Order_Book

What birth order says about you | KFOR.comWhat birth order says about you | KFOR.com

Were taking a fascinating look at what your birth order says about you.Have you ever wondered what role birth order played in ... What birth order says about you. Posted 4:23 pm, November 2, 2012, by KFOR-TV, Updated at 04:54PM, November 2, 2012 ... Have you ever wondered what role birth order played in your personality, your job and how you get along with others? ... Were taking a fascinating look at what your birth order says about you. ...
more infohttp://kfor.com/2012/11/02/what-birth-order-says-about-you/

What is the relationship between birth order and personality? | eNotesWhat is the relationship between birth order and personality? | eNotes

What is the relationship between birth order and personality? and find homework help for other Health questions at eNotes ... Birth Order Blues: How Parents Can Help Their Children Meet the Challenges of Birth Order. New York: Owl, 1999. Print. ... Applications of Birth Order Research Knowledge of the effects of birth order often promotes greater self-understanding in those ... For many years, research psychologists did not study birth order to any extent. One reason is that birth order is an actuarial ...
more infohttps://www.enotes.com/homework-help/what-relationship-birth-order-personality-674363

Birth order and two marketing-related measures of aggression.Birth order and two marketing-related measures of aggression.

With a sample of 144 women and 225 men business students, the present study investigated birth order and aggression using two ... Several bodies of research link birth order and aggression. ... Birth order, birth interval, and deviant sexual preferences ... 10203956 - Birth order and two marketing-related measures of aggression.. 17482426 - Trends in the human sex odds at birth in ... Birth Order / psychology*. Female. Humans. Male. Marketing of Health Services*. Middle Aged. Questionnaires. ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Birth-order-two-marketing-related/10203956.html

New assessment of the effects of birth order and socioeconomic status on birth weight. | The BMJNew assessment of the effects of birth order and socioeconomic status on birth weight. | The BMJ

New assessment of the effects of birth order and socioeconomic status on birth weight. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981; 282 :683 ... New assessment of the effects of birth order and socioeconomic status on birth weight.. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981; 282 doi: ... New assessment of the effects of birth order and socioeconomic status on birth weight. ... New assessment of the effects of birth order and socioeconomic status on birth weight. ...
more infohttp://www.bmj.com/content/282/6265/683

How Birth Order Affects Parenting Style - Studio 5How Birth Order Affects Parenting Style - Studio 5

Liz Hale shares how your family birth order can be a powerful parenting tool. ...
more infohttps://studio5.ksl.com/how-birth-order-affects-parenting-style/

Short-term fertility indicator by province and order of birth(1478)Short-term fertility indicator by province and order of birth(1478)

Birth-rate Indicators. Results by Provinces. Short-term fertility indicator by province and order of birth. Units: Children per ... Data from Canarias in 1978, País Vasco in 1986 and Andalucía in 2007 is not available, due to errors in the "order of birth" ...
more infohttp://www.ine.es/jaxiT3/Tabla.htm?t=1478&L=1

Supreme Court orders Arkansas to stop birth certificate discrimination - Arkansas TimesSupreme Court orders Arkansas to stop birth certificate discrimination - Arkansas Times

The U.S. Supreme Court today summarily ordered Arkansas to place both names of same-sex couples on birth certificates. ... Home Arkansas Blog Supreme Court orders Arkansas to stop birth certificate discrimination ... Echoing the court below, the State defends its birth certificate law on the ground that being named on a childs birth ... As a result, same-sex parents in Arkansas lack the same right as opposite-sex parents to be listed on a childs birth ...
more infohttps://arktimes.com/arkansas-blog/2017/06/26/supreme-court-orders-arkansas-to-stop-birth-certificate-discrimination

Birth order and mortality: a population-based cohort study  - LSE Research OnlineBirth order and mortality: a population-based cohort study - LSE Research Online

... we find that mortality risk in adulthood increases with later birth order. The results show that the relative effect of birth ... Barclay, Kieron and Kolk, Martin (2015) Birth order and mortality: a population-based cohort study. Demography, 52 (2). pp. 613 ... This study uses Swedish population register data to investigate the relationship between birth order and mortality at ages 30 ... status and adult educational attainment suggest that social pathways only mediate the relationship between birth order and ...
more infohttp://eprints.lse.ac.uk/62050/

TriRegol | Birth control pills | Order online pharmacyTriRegol | Birth control pills | Order online pharmacy

When taking Triregol, you will need to make sure that you are using them in the order that is specified on the packet. The ... Some women, such as those who are breastfeeding after giving birth, should not take any form of combined pill. It is also a ... A doctor will review your order and write you a prescription, if appropriate. This prescription is then forwarded to a pharmacy ...
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Does Birth Order Influence Financial Behavior? - Len Penzo dot ComDoes Birth Order Influence Financial Behavior? - Len Penzo dot Com

Does Birth Order Influence Your Financial Behavior?. By Len Penzo. Many people believe birth order is responsible for their ... no one is locked into a destiny by birth order. However, I think that there is some truth to the birth order thing. ... I dont think birth order has anything to do with it - I think its all about how you are raised and life experiences. Im the ... And thats why birth order has no more effect on our financial behavior than the name our parents gave us when we first entered ...
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Birth Order - Social and Political Influences, Birth Order, Intelligence, and Personality, Birth Order and World History,...Birth Order - Social and Political Influences, Birth Order, Intelligence, and Personality, Birth Order and World History,...

Birth Order. Throughout recorded history, birth order has affected diverse aspects of social, political, and economic life, and ... Birth Order and World History. Differences in personality and behavior related to birth order sometimes reflect themselves onto ... Birth-order research, which encompasses more than two thousand studies, has established a consistent pattern of birth-order ... One possible source of such nonshared experiences is birth order, since children of different birth orders vary in age, size, ...
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In r. order research paper on birth L. Solso ed. While the history of islamic - arabic and western repertories to encourage ... Sharp, e. The arts and order on research paper birth youth at risk of being in line with unscr and the times and the. This is ... Cambridge, ma harvard birth on research paper order university press. A pen and paper based or traditional information science ... We have already remarked, declares that illiteracy is one reason why they do not have the same order paper research on birth ...
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The effect of birth order and sex on perceptions of the sibling relationship among college students. - Free Online LibraryThe effect of birth order and sex on perceptions of the sibling relationship among college students. - Free Online Library

Education Birth order Psychological aspects College students Psychological research Sex differences (Psychology) Research ... The effect of birth order and sex on perceptions of the sibling relationship among college students.(Report) by College ... order+and+sex+on+perceptions+of+the+sibling...-a0466783182. *APA style: The effect of birth order and sex on perceptions of the ... For birth order, 40.1% of participants were the youngest, 14.4% were middle children, and 45.5% were the oldest. A total of ...
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Birth order and childhood type 1 diabetes risk: a pooled analysis of 31 observational studiesBirth order and childhood type 1 diabetes risk: a pooled analysis of 31 observational studies

... Cardwell, Chris R Queens ... We investigated whether birth order is associated with the risk of childhood diabetes by performing a pooled analysis of ... Diabetes mellitus, type 1, epidemiology, birth order, meta-analysis National Category Medical and Health Sciences Identifiers. ... there was some evidence of a lower risk of childhood onset type 1 diabetes with increasing birth order, particularly in ...
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Firstborn, middle child, or last-born: Birth order has only very small effects on personality - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal...Firstborn, middle child, or last-born: Birth order has only very small effects on personality - Healthcanal.com : Healthcanal...

"The real news of our study is that we found no substantial effects of birth order on any of the personality dimensions we ... Examining the effects of birth order on personality Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of ... Firstborn, middle child, or last-born: Birth order has only very small effects on personality. ... and conscientiousness are not affected by birth-order position. Only regarding self-reported intellect small effects were found ...
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  • A child's order of birth into a family may influence how the parents treat the child. (enotes.com)
  • As already explained, when a married woman in Arkansas conceives a child by means of artificial insemination, the State will-indeed, must-list the name of her male spouse on the child's birth certificate. (arktimes.com)
  • And yet state law, as interpreted by the [Arkansas Supreme] court below, allows Arkansas officials in those very same circumstances to omit a married woman's female spouse from her child's birth certificate. (arktimes.com)
  • As a result, same-sex parents in Arkansas lack the same right as opposite-sex parents to be listed on a child's birth certificate, a document often used for important transactions like making medical decisions for a child or enrolling a child in school. (arktimes.com)
  • Echoing the court below, the State defends its birth certificate law on the ground that being named on a child's birth certificate is not a benefit that attends marriage. (arktimes.com)
  • Instead, the State insists, a birth certificate is simply a device for recording biological parentage-regardless of whether the child's parents are married. (arktimes.com)
  • As already discussed, when an opposite-sex couple conceives a child by way of anonymous sperm donation-just as the petitioners did here-state law requires the placement of the birth mother's husband on the child's birth certificate. (arktimes.com)
  • Hence third-born children are not only third in birth order, but they are also more likely to come from larger, poorer families than firstborn children. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the firstborn child is growing up and until the birth of a sibling, the child has the parents all to himself or herself. (enotes.com)
  • The main analyses are conducted with discrete-time survival analysis using a within-family comparison, and the estimates are adjusted for age, mother's age at the time of birth, and cohort. (lse.ac.uk)
  • the order of children's births has also been found to influence how the parents treat them. (enotes.com)
  • Does Birth Order Influence Financial Behavior? (lenpenzo.com)
  • Birth order has an influence over people, but it certainly isn't written in stone. (lenpenzo.com)
  • Throughout recorded history, birth order has affected diverse aspects of social, political, and economic life, and this influence continues to manifest itself today in many traditional societies. (faqs.org)
  • The current study aims to provide a more in-depth understanding of how the adult sibling relationship differs from that of childhood and adolescence, and what factors influence perceptions of the relationship (e.g., birth order). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • If third-born children have a particular trait, it may be due to birth order, or it may be due to family size, or to any number of other variables. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, they fail to account for common causes that may be independent of the primary trait being considered (in this case, birth order). (lenpenzo.com)
  • This study uses Swedish population register data to investigate the relationship between birth order and mortality at ages 30 to 69 for Swedish cohorts born between 1938 and 1960, using a within-family comparison. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Focusing on sibships ranging in size from two to six, we find that mortality risk in adulthood increases with later birth order. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Further analyses in which we adjust for adult socioeconomic status and adult educational attainment suggest that social pathways only mediate the relationship between birth order and mortality risk in adulthood to a limited degree. (lse.ac.uk)
  • We investigated whether birth order is associated with the risk of childhood diabetes by performing a pooled analysis of previous studies. (diva-portal.org)
  • Family size, and a number of social and demographic variables are associated with birth order and serve as potential confounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Studio 5 Contributor Dr. Liz Hale shares how your family birth order can be a powerful parenting tool. (ksl.com)
  • In short, although inheritance practices associated with birth order have exhibited considerable historical and geographic variability, the specific form chosen by each family and society has usually made local economic sense. (faqs.org)
  • Less convincing to me, however, are the psychiatrists who want us to believe that birth order also plays an important role in how we handle our personal finances. (lenpenzo.com)
  • By looking at both birth order and gender, creativity results become clear. (enotes.com)
  • Canadian Orders are dispensed by Candrug Pharmacy which is duly licensed in the province of British Columbia, Canada by the College of Pharmacists of BC. (blueskydrugs.com)
  • Although I do believe free will can be biased to some degree based upon other factors (but birth order is certainly not one of them). (lenpenzo.com)
  • Most importantly for our purposes, the State acknowledges that §9-10-201 of the Arkansas Code controls how birth certificates are completed in cases of artificial insemination like the one before us. (arktimes.com)
  • If a company is offering a free post-birth test, this means they don't stand behind the quality of their prenatal test. (dnacenter.com)
  • When taking Triregol, you will need to make sure that you are using them in the order that is specified on the packet. (dokteronline.com)
  • In r. order research paper on birth L. Solso ed. (mpacuk.org)
  • We have already remarked, declares that illiteracy is one reason why they do not have the same order paper research on birth individual. (mpacuk.org)