Hospitals which provide care for the military personnel and usually for their dependents.
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
An acute infection caused by the spore-forming bacteria BACILLUS ANTHRACIS. It commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats. Infection in humans often involves the skin (cutaneous anthrax), the lungs (inhalation anthrax), or the gastrointestinal tract. Anthrax is not contagious and can be treated with antibiotics.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Tactical warfare using incendiary mixtures, smokes, or irritant, burning, or asphyxiating gases.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Warfare involving the use of living organisms or their products as disease etiologic agents against people, animals, or plants.
Living organisms or their toxic products that are used to cause disease or death of humans during WARFARE.
A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.
Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.
The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.
A technique of measuring the dielectric properties of materials, which vary over a range of frequencies depending on the physical properties of the material. The technique involves measuring, over a range of frequencies, ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE and phase shift of an electric field as it passes through the material.
Specific, characterizable, poisonous chemicals, often PROTEINS, with specific biological properties, including immunogenicity, produced by microbes, higher plants (PLANTS, TOXIC), or ANIMALS.
A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
An ENTEROTOXIN from VIBRIO CHOLERAE. It consists of two major protomers, the heavy (H) or A subunit and the B protomer which consists of 5 light (L) or B subunits. The catalytic A subunit is proteolytically cleaved into fragments A1 and A2. The A1 fragment is a MONO(ADP-RIBOSE) TRANSFERASE. The B protomer binds cholera toxin to intestinal epithelial cells, and facilitates the uptake of the A1 fragment. The A1 catalyzed transfer of ADP-RIBOSE to the alpha subunits of heterotrimeric G PROTEINS activates the production of CYCLIC AMP. Increased levels of cyclic AMP are thought to modulate release of fluid and electrolytes from intestinal crypt cells.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.
Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.
The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.
Statistical calculations on the occurrence of disease or other health-related conditions in defined populations.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A weapon designed to explode when deployed. It frequently refers to a hollow case filled with EXPLOSIVE AGENTS.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.
Warfare involving the use of NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
Uncontrolled release of biological material from its containment. This either threatens to, or does, cause exposure to a biological hazard. Such an incident may occur accidentally or deliberately.
Terrorism on September 11, 2001 against targets in New York, the Pentagon in Virginia, and an aborted attack that ended in Pennsylvania.
The use or threatened use of force or violence against persons or property in violation of criminal laws for purposes of intimidation, coercion, or ransom, in support of political or social objectives.
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.
It was established in 1961 and made an independent agency in 1981. Its mission is to help the people of interested countries in meeting their need for trained men and women, and to help promote better mutual understanding between Americans and citizens of other countries. (United States Government Manual, 2006-2007, pg497)
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Regulations to assure protection of property and equipment.
A plague-like disease of rodents, transmissible to man. It is caused by FRANCISELLA TULARENSIS and is characterized by fever, chills, headache, backache, and weakness.
A serotype of botulinum toxins that has specificity for cleavage of SYNAPTOSOMAL-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN 25.
Toxic proteins produced from the species CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM. The toxins are synthesized as a single peptide chain which is processed into a mature protein consisting of a heavy chain and light chain joined via a disulfide bond. The botulinum toxin light chain is a zinc-dependent protease which is released from the heavy chain upon ENDOCYTOSIS into PRESYNAPTIC NERVE ENDINGS. Once inside the cell the botulinum toxin light chain cleaves specific SNARE proteins which are essential for secretion of ACETYLCHOLINE by SYNAPTIC VESICLES. This inhibition of acetylcholine release results in muscular PARALYSIS.

Implications of pandemic influenza for bioterrorism response. (1/535)

The 1918-1919 influenza pandemic (Spanish flu) had catastrophic effects upon urban populations in the United States. Large numbers of frightened, critically ill people overwhelmed health care providers. Mortuaries and cemeteries were severely strained by rapid accumulation of corpses of flu victims. Understanding of the outbreak's extent and effectiveness of containment measures was obscured by the swiftness of the disease and an inadequate health reporting system. Epidemic controls such as closing public gathering places elicited both community support and resistance, and fear of contagion incited social and ethnic tensions. Review of this infamous outbreak is intended to advance discussions among health professionals and policymakers about an effective medical and public health response to bioterrorism, an infectious disease crisis of increasing likelihood. Elements of an adequate response include building capacity to care for mass casualties, providing emergency burials that respect social mores, properly characterizing the outbreak, earning public confidence in epidemic containment measures, protecting against social discrimination, and fairly allocating health resources.  (+info)

Infection in the twenty-first century: predictions and postulates. (2/535)

The late Paul Garrod, in whose honour this lecture is named, was 'the right man at the right time'. He seized the opportunities offered by the dawning of the chemotherapeutic era with vigour and enthusiasm and was a formidable link between the traditional laboratory-based bacteriologist and the more clinically orientated 'modern' medical microbiologist. Professor Garrod was a founder member of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy and I had the privilege of meeting him on many occasions. He would have relished the many challenges facing today's microbiologists, infectious disease physicians and public health experts. These will have major implications for antimicrobial chemotherapy in the twenty-first century. The emergence and prevalence of infectious diseases, and the necessity for discovering therapies to treat them, are influenced by many factors. In this lecture I will discuss four which could have a major influence on infectious diseases in the twenty-first century-global warming, biological warfare/terrorism, the dissemination of infections, including those caused by resistant pathogens, by travellers and certain untreatable zoonotic diseases.  (+info)

The role of the clinical laboratory in managing chemical or biological terrorism. (3/535)

BACKGROUND: Domestic and international acts of terrorism using chemicals and pathogens as weapons have recently attracted much attention because of several hoaxes and real incidents. Clinical laboratories, especially those affiliated with major trauma centers, should be prepared to respond rapidly by providing diagnostic tests for the detection and identification of specific agents, so that specific therapy and victim management can be initiated in a timely manner. As first-line responders, clinical laboratory personnel should become familiar with the various chemical or biological agents and be active participants in their local defense programs. APPROACH: We review the selected agents previously considered or used in chemical and biological warfare, outline their poisonous and pathogenic effects, describe techniques used in their identification, address some of the logistical and technical difficulties in maintaining such tests in clinical laboratories, and comment on some of the analytical issues, such as specimen handling and personal protective equipment. CONTENT: The chemical agents discussed include nerve, blistering, and pulmonary agents and cyanides. Biological agents, including anthrax and smallpox, are also discussed as examples for organisms with potential use in bioterrorism. Available therapies for each agent are outlined to assist clinical laboratory personnel in making intelligent decisions regarding implementation of diagnostic tests as a part of a comprehensive defense program. SUMMARY: As the civilian medical community prepares for biological and chemical terrorist attacks, improvement in the capabilities of clinical laboratories is essential in supporting counterterrorism programs designed to respond to such attacks. Accurate assessment of resources in clinical laboratories is important because it will provide local authorities with an alternative resource for immediate diagnostic analysis. It is, therefore, recommended that clinical laboratories identify their current resources and the extent of support they can provide, and inform the authorities of their state of readiness.  (+info)

Lessons from the West Nile viral encephalitis outbreak in New York City, 1999: implications for bioterrorism preparedness. (4/535)

The involvement and expertise of infectious disease physicians, microbiologists, and public health practitioners are essential to the early detection and management of epidemics--both those that are naturally occurring, such as the 1999 outbreak of West Nile virus (WN virus) in New York City, and those that might follow covert acts of bioterrorism. The experience with the WN virus outbreak offers practical lessons in outbreak detection, laboratory diagnosis, investigation, and response that might usefully influence planning for future infectious disease outbreaks. Many of the strategies used to detect and respond to the WN virus outbreak resemble those that would be required to confront other serious infectious disease threats, such as pandemic influenza or bioterrorism. We provide an overview of the critical elements needed to manage a large-scale, fast-moving infectious disease outbreak, and we suggest ways that the existing public health capacity might be strengthened to ensure an effective response to both natural and intentional disease outbreaks.  (+info)

A plague on your city: observations from TOPOFF. (5/535)

The United States Congress directed the Department of Justice to conduct an exercise engaging key personnel in the management of mock chemical, biological, or cyberterrorist attacks. The resulting exercise was called "TOPOFF," named for its engagement of top officials of the United States government. This article offers a number of medical and public health observations and lessons discovered during the bioterrorism component of the exercise. The TOPOFF exercise illuminated problematic issues of leadership and decision-making; the difficulties of prioritization and distribution of scarce resources; the crisis that contagious epidemics would cause in health care facilities; and the critical need to formulate sound principles of disease containment. These lessons should provoke consideration of future directions for bioterrorism planning and preparedness at all levels of government and among the many communities and practitioners with responsibilities for national security and public health.  (+info)

Risks and prevention of nosocomial transmission of rare zoonotic diseases. (6/535)

Americans are increasingly exposed to exotic zoonotic diseases through travel, contact with exotic pets, occupational exposure, and leisure pursuits. Appropriate isolation precautions are required to prevent nosocomial transmission of rare zoonotic diseases for which person-to-person transmission has been documented. This minireview provides guidelines for the isolation of patients and management of staff exposed to the following infectious diseases with documented person-to-person transmission: Andes hantavirus disease, anthrax, B virus infection, hemorrhagic fevers (due to Ebola, Marburg, Lassa, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Argentine hemorrhagic fever, and Bolivian hemorrhagic fever viruses), monkeypox, plague, Q fever, and rabies. Several of these infections may also be encountered as bioterrorism hazards (i.e., anthrax, hemorrhagic fever viruses, plague, and Q fever). Adherence to recommended isolation precautions will allow for proper patient care while protecting the health care workers who provide care to patients with known or suspected zoonotic infections capable of nosocomial transmission.  (+info)

Infectious diseases: considerations for the 21st century. (7/535)

The discipline of infectious diseases will assume added prominence in the 21st century in both developed and developing nations. To an unprecedented extent, issues related to infectious diseases in the context of global health are on the agendas of world leaders, health policymakers, and philanthropies. This attention has focused both on scientific challenges such as vaccine development and on the deleterious effects of infectious diseases on economic development and political stability. Interest in global health has led to increasing levels of financial support, which, combined with recent technological advances, provide extraordinary opportunities for infectious disease research in the 21st century. The sequencing of human and microbial genomes and advances in functional genomics will underpin significant progress in many areas, including understanding human predisposition and susceptibility to disease, microbial pathogenesis, and the development new diagnostics, vaccines, and therapies. Increasingly, infectious disease research will be linked to the development of the medical infrastructure and training needed in developing countries to translate scientific advances into operational reality.  (+info)

Bioterrorism: implications for the clinical microbiologist. (8/535)

The specter of bioterrorism has captured the attention of government and military officials, scientists, and the general public. Compared to other sectors of the population, clinical microbiologists are more directly impacted by concerns about bioterrorism. This review focuses on the role envisioned for clinical laboratories in response to a bioterrorist event. The microbiology and clinical aspects of the biological agents thought to be the most likely tools of bioterrorists are presented. The historical background of the problem of bioterrorism and an overview of current U.S. preparedness planning, with an emphasis on the roles of health care professionals, are also included.  (+info)

In the event of a bioterror attack, rapidly estimating the size and time of attack enables short-run forecasts of the number of persons who will be symptomatic and require medical care. We present a Bayesian approach to this problem for use in real time and illustrate it with data from a simulated anthrax attack. The method is simple enough to be implemented in a spreadsheet.
On June 12,2003, the Alameda County Public Health Department and Sandia National Laboratories/CA jointly conducted an exercise that used a Weapons of Mass Destruction-Decision Analysis Center (WMD-DAC) bioterrorism attack simulation to test the effectiveness of the countys emergency response plan. The exercise was driven by an assumed release (in the vicinity of the Berkeley Marina), and subsequent spread, of a small quantity of aerosolized, weapons-grade anthrax spores. The simulation used several key WMD-DAC capabilities, namely: (1) integration with an atmospheric dispersion model to calculate expected dose levels in the affected areas, (2) a individual-tracking capability for both infected and non-infected persons as they made decisions, sought treatment, and received prophylaxis drugs, and (3) a user interface that allows exercise participants to affect the scenario evolution and outcome. The analysis of the countys response plan included documenting and reviewing the decisions made by
Terrorists are working to obtain chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) weapons and we believe that the threat of an attack is very real. While there is no way to predict precisely what may or may not happen, we do know that there are a number of practical steps you can take to protect your family members and your pets.. At a Health Canada conference in Ottawa, two years before the September 11 attacks, a scathing report detailing Canadas level of preparedness for a bioterrorism attack concluded, Canada is ill-equipped. A year earlier in 1999, the Canadian Security Intelligence Agency said its not a matter of if a bioterrorism attack will occur, but when.. Defence Research and Development allotted more than CAD $60 million in funding for anti-terrorist research projects, such as expanding the use of a Canada-made antidote used to protect against nerve agents, and finding ways to detect and combat nuclear, chemical, biological and radiation terrorist attacks. In February of ...
In February 2007, the Council extended the mandate of this Health Security Committee by three years.. AVAILABILITY AND STOCKPILING OF MEDICINES The bioterrorist attacks in the USA highlighted the fundamental importance of the availability of medicines in the EU and the capability of industry to make good any shortcoming in production and supply. A joint Commission/pharmaceutical industry task force was established in December 2001 to address issues of availability, production capability, storage and distribution capacity for medicines which could be used in the event of a bioterrorist attack.. National stockpiles In order to be able to cope with bioterrorist attacks, most Member States have stockpiled antibiotics at national level, or are in the process of doing so. Two of the larger Member States have offered to share stocks with other Member States. However, the majority of the other Member States did not wish to take up the offers made and the sharing scheme was not discussed further.. As the ...
The U.S. government is moving toward launching a new venture capital fund to help private companies develop vaccines and drugs that combat a future terrorist attack using biological agents.
Brucella, a Gram-negative bacterium, is classified as a potential bioterrorism agent mainly due to the low dose needed to cause infection and the ability to transmit the bacteria via aerosols. Goats/sheep, cattle, pigs, dogs, sheep and rodents are infected by B. melitensis, B. abortus, B. suis, B. canis, B. ovis and B. neotomae, respectively, the six classical Brucella species. Most human cases are caused by B. melitensis and B. abortus. Our aim was to specifically detect Brucellae with smooth lipopolysaccharide (LPS) using a highly sensitive monoclonal antibody (mAb) based immunological assay. To complement molecular detection systems for potential bioterror agents, as required by international biodefense regulations, sets of mAbs were generated by B cell hybridoma technology and used to develop immunological assays. The combination of mAbs most suitable for an antigen capture assay format was identified and an immunoassay using the Luminex xMAP technology was developed.
A biological attack by terrorists that could kill up to 30 million people is increasingly likely due to the ease with which pathogens can be
Source: Wall Street Journal, May 17, 2002. AFTERMATH OF TERROR. Civil-Liberties Issues Check Plans to Fight Bioterrorism. By MARILYN CHASE, Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL. What would happen if another bioterrorist struck the U.S.?. Probably the same confusion, fear and uncoordinated response that happened during last falls anthrax attacks. Federal and state plans to respond to bioterrorism have run up against civil libertarians and a host of others who worry their rights will be trampled. Even some hospital groups have fought against plans for bioterror attacks because they dont want contagious patients in their facilities.. Just seven months ago, when anthrax was killing people and closing parts of the U.S. Postal Service and Washington D.C., nothing seemed more important than preparing for bioterror. A model law, drafted at the request of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, was rushed to state governments last fall to help their governors and public-health departments ...
President Bushs budget for 2006 cuts spending for a wide range of public health programs, including several to protect the nation against bioterrorist attacks and to respond to medical emergencies...His plan would also cut the budget of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention by 9 percent, to $6.9 billion...the public health emergency fund of the centers, which helps state and local agencies prepare for bioterror attacks, would be cut 12.6 percent, to $1 billion ...
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute and the University of Wisconsin have identified two small molecules with promising activity against neurotoxins produced by the Clostridium botulinum, a compound so deadly it has been labeled one of the six highest-risk bioterrorism agents by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.. Because of the high cost and limited applicability of currently available treatments, the newly identified compounds have the potential to fill the existing therapy gap and to provide protection against a bioterrorism attack using the toxin.. The study is being published the week of February 5 in an online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.. Our study is an important milestone in the fight against biological terrorism, s. ...
On a CNN news broadcast in 2011, the CNN chief medical correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta, weighed in on the American governments recent approach to bioterrorist threats. He explains how, even though the United States would be better fending off bioterrorist attacks now than they would be a decade ago, the amount of money available to fight bioterrorism over the last three years has begun to decrease. Looking at a detailed report that examined the funding decrease for bioterrorism in fifty-one American cities, Dr. Gupta stated that the cities wouldnt be able to distribute vaccines as well and wouldnt be able to track viruses. He went on to say that movie portrayals of global pandemics, such as Contagion, were actually quite possible and may occur in the United States under the right conditions.[47]. A news broadcast by MSNBC in 2010 also stressed the low levels of bioterrorism preparedness in the United States. The broadcast stated that a bipartisan report gave the Obama administration a ...
A bioterrorism attack involves the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria or other germs that are intended to cause illness or death in people, animals or plants.
Source: Los Angeles Times, May 1, 2002. COMMENTARY. Scientific Speed Is the Key in Fighting Bioterror. America should have a special lab and a system of molecular fingerprinting.. By SCOTT P. LAYNE and CLAIRE M. FRASER, Scott P. Layne is an associate professor of epidemiology at the UCLA School of Public Health. Claire M. Fraser is president of the Institute for Genome Research in Rockville, Md.. Its human nature: The United States fear of another biological attack is fading fast. But it shouldnt.. In Kandahar, U.S. forces have discovered an Al Qaeda laboratory that was to produce anthrax. And one of the Sept. 11 hijackers may have been treated in Florida for cutaneous anthrax last June. The threat of biological terrorism is real.. So far, our efforts have focused on improving the care of potential biological victims. And whether last years perpetrator, still at large, is a lone bio Kaczynski or an organized bio Bin Laden is somewhat beside the point. The primary issue is that the United ...
This Tuesday, Oct. 4, marks the 10th anniversary of the announcement of the first deaths in the 2001 anthrax-letter attacks, the first successful, fatal bioterrorist attack in American history on American soil. The anthrax attacks were recognized in the midst of the grief and disquiet that swept the United States after the Sept. 11 World […]
A national survey of 1,001 Australians found that most were concerned about a bioterrorist attack and were ill-informed about smallpox prevention and response. Since general practitioners were commonly identified as the initial point of care, they should become a focus of bioterrorism response planning in Australia.
New York Times President Bushs budget for 2006 cuts spending for a wide range of public health programs, including several to protect the nation against bioterrorist attacks and to respond to medical emergencies, budget documents show... ...Kim A. Elliott, deputy director of the Trust for Americas Health, a nonprofit advocacy group, said, Its robbing Peter to pay Paul when you build up the national stockpile at the expense of bioterrorism preparedness activities at the state and local level. View the full story (some sites require registration). ...
In the wake of the recent anthrax attacks, federal officials Tuesday began an inspection program of university facilities across the United States that conduct research on viruses and bacteria with the potential to be used in bioterror, a university official said.
As mandated in the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, CDCs BioSense program was launched in 2003 with the aim of e…
Target Capabiltities: Prevent: CBRNE Detection, Respond: Citizen Evacuation and Shelter In-place, Protect: Food and Agriculture Safety & Defense, Prevent: Information Sharing and Dissemination, Respond: Isolation and Quarantine, Respond: Mass Prophylaxis, Respond: Medical Surge, Common: Planning, Protect: Epidemiologic Surveillance and Investigation, Respond: Public Safety and Security Response, Common: Risk Management, Prevent: Law Enforcement Investigation and Intervention, Respond: Triage and Pre-hospital Treatment, Respond: WMD/Hazardous Materials Response and Decontamination ...
Many U.S. schools are not prepared for bioterrorism attacks, outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases or pandemics, despite the recent 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic that resulted in more than 18,000 deaths worldwide, Saint Louis University researchers say. The study, led by Terri Rebmann, Ph.D., associate professor at SLUs Institute for Biosecurity, surveyed about 2000 nurses working in elementary, middle and high schools across 26 states. The findings reveal that only 48 percent of schools address pandemic preparedness and only 40 percent of schools have updated their plans . . .
Bioterrorism: Organizations and Methods - Bioterrorism organizations require a lot of money and technology to pull off a massive bioterrorism attack. Learn about bioterrorism organizations and methods.
Planning and preparing to provide care in the event of a bioterrorism attack or other emergency is a critical part of working in any healthcare environment. But planning is more than knowing where emergency supplies and exits are. Planning also involves ensuring that healthcare workers know how to keep safe, both physically and mentally. This includes having the families of healthcare workers be prepared for disasters. Studies have shown that providing care to disaster victims is impaired when healthcare workers are concerned about their own families safety.. This program is designed to help healthcare workers prepare themselves at work, at home and in the community at large, to respond to bioterrorism and other emergencies.. ...
After 2005, the department implemented the model throughout the state, although the number of human cases and reported dead birds, along with the models prediction rates, dropped sharply.. In 2007 Carney enrolled as a masters student at Yale and adapted the DYCAST model to track dengue fever in Brazil, using a version of the software that his CUNY collaborators had converted to an open-source platform. With the specific parameters of that disease, DYCAST was able to predict its spread in the city of Riberão Preto in Brazil, Carney said, citing unpublished data.. Carney has continued his analysis and development of DYCAST and dengue at Brown, where he is a doctoral student of ecology and evolutionary biology. He said the software at its core has potential to be adapted as an early warning system for other infectious diseases or even bioterrorism attacks.. In addition to Carney, other authors on the paper include Sean Ahearn and Alan McConchie of CUNY (McConchie is now at the University of ...
Many U.S. schools are not prepared for bioterrorism attacks, outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases or pandemics, despite the recent 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic that resulted in more than 18,000 deaths worldwide, Saint ...
Although new drug development usually focuses on clinical and preclinical research, moving innovative products from clinical testing to market mainly involves overcoming manufacturing capabilities and production challenges. Ensuring access to consistently high-quality critical vaccines and therapies needed to counter bioterrorism attacks is a topic frequently debated. Product shortages are leading to policies that expand US drug and vaccine manufacturing and ensure that US regulatory and healthcare policies avoid erecting roadblocks to high-quality drug production.
Distributed 11/07/03. Although theres not an imminent danger, some scientists say a widespread disease or bioterrorism attack could wipe out significant portions of the U.S. farm animal population.. The countrys genetic resources support a host of animal industries, and without some action to preserve them, those resources are at risk, according to Dr. Harvey Blackburn, director of the U.S. Department of Agricultures National Animal Germplasm Program.. Speaking to a group of animal scientists at the LSU AgCenter Tuesday (Nov. 4), Blackburn said his program was created by Congress because of concern that some animal industries dependence on one or two breeds of a species could pose long-term problems if other genetic material isnt available. He cited as examples the leghorn chicken and Holstein dairy breed, which currently dominate the poultry and milk industries.. The National Animal Germplasm Program (NAGP) is patterned after the well-established USDA National Plant Germplasm System, which ...
We have had the better part of a year to get ready for swine flu. And yet, the response to the pandemic H1N1 outbreak has been lousy, bioethicist Art Caplan says. What would happen if there were a bioterrorism attack or a truly deadly pandemic?
Inspired by recent advances in genetics, Bay Area scientists are dialing up our inner strength to survive a bioterrorism attack. Labs at Stanford and UC San Francisco were recently selected by the Department of Defense to use a modified form of CRISPR gene editing to boost our body
It will be too late for Congress to act after bioterrorism attack is launched, op-ed, Lubbock Avalanche Journal (Saturday, Sept. 22, 2001 ...
Despite the terrorist attacks of September 11, the anthrax mailings, media coverage and a proliferation of programs about bioterrorist agents, a survey conducted in 2002 found that although four out of five physicians were willing to care for victims of a bioterrorist attack, only one out of five felt well prepared for such a role.
More than 1,100 laboratory incidents involving bacteria, viruses and toxins that pose significant or bioterror risks to people and agriculture were reported to federal regulators during 2008 through 2012,
Sure, bug swarms can spread nasty things, but using them to unleash bioterror isnt as easy as they say, Robert Roy Britt writes in LiveScience. One expert said in the Telegraph today that dispersing... Science News Summaries. | Newser
General Information: This subspecies is virulent in humans, and the strain is a clinical isolate that is also virulent in an animal model. Originally isolated from a human case of tularemia in 1951. There are a large number of insertion sequences including a mariner element, which is a transposon typically found in eukaryotes and is the first instance of this element to be found in a microbe, which may have acquired it during transit through one of the insect vectors. Causative agent of tularemia. This organism was first identified by Edward Francis as the causative agent of a plague-like illness that affected squirrels in Tulare county in California in the early part of the 20th century. The organism now bears his name. The disease, which has been noted throughout recorded history, can be transmitted to humans by infected ticks or deerflies, infected meat, or by aerosol, and thus is a potential bioterrorism agent. This organism has a high infectivity rate, and can invade phagocytic and ...
General Information: This subspecies is virulent in humans, and the strain is a clinical isolate that is also virulent in an animal model. Originally isolated from a human case of tularemia in 1951. There are a large number of insertion sequences including a mariner element, which is a transposon typically found in eukaryotes and is the first instance of this element to be found in a microbe, which may have acquired it during transit through one of the insect vectors. Causative agent of tularemia. This organism was first identified by Edward Francis as the causative agent of a plague-like illness that affected squirrels in Tulare county in California in the early part of the 20th century. The organism now bears his name. The disease, which has been noted throughout recorded history, can be transmitted to humans by infected ticks or deerflies, infected meat, or by aerosol, and thus is a potential bioterrorism agent. This organism has a high infectivity rate, and can invade phagocytic and ...
Since September 11th, the threat of a bioterrorist attack--massive, lethal, and unpreventable--has hung in the air over America. Bracing for Armageddon? offers a vividly written primer for the general reader, shedding light on the science behind potential bioterrorist attacks and revealing what could happen, what is likely to happen, and what almost certainly will not happen.
Laura H. Kahn is the author of One Health and the Politics of Antimicrobial Resistance, published in 2016 by Johns Hopkins University Press. A general internist who began her career in health care as a registered nurse, Kahn is a research scholar with Princeton Universitys Program on Science and Global Security. Her expertise is in public health, biodefense, and pandemics. In 2009, she published Whos In Charge? Leadership during Epidemics, Bioterror Attacks, and Other Public Health Crises. Princeton University awarded her undergraduate course Hogs, Bats, and Ebola: An Introduction to One Health Policy a 250th Anniversary Fund award for Innovation in Undergraduate Education. In 2016, the American Veterinary Epidemiology Society awarded her their highest honor, the K.F. Meyer-James H. Steele Gold-Headed Cane Award, for her work on One Health. ...
have suggested that both modeling principles and basic beliefs are important in discussing how we should prepare for possible smallpox terrorist attacks.1 Eichner and Schwehm (ES) amplify these aspects.2 ES focus on surveillance as a prevention tool. In the ES world, any contact under surveillance would be prevented from transmitting further infections at the moment the contact becomes infectious, irrespective of the total number of contacts under watch. Thus, surveillance becomes equivalent to quarantine (which was considered in my earlier modeling work3,4).. Presuming that 75% of transmission from infected contacts can be prevented in this manner strikes ES as reasonable, but strikes me as extremely optimistic in the event of a bioterror attack. The potential for societal chaos in the wake of a smallpox attack should not be underestimated. Nonetheless, combined with the additional assumptions in their Figure 2 (that 90% of the population is susceptible and that isolation of symptomatic ...
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WASHINGTON - More than five years after the Sept. 11 attacks, the government cannot show how the $5 billion given to public health departments has better prepared the country for a bioterrorism
By the editor Natural News. People ask me, Dave, what is the endgame with the globalists? It is unquestionably, bioterrorism. I have a friend, who is retired from FEMA and his specialty was counter-bioterrorism. Some of my present sources say the same. MOST OF MY KEY AND HIGH RANKING SOURCES SAY THAT WE ARE BEING SET UP FOR A MASSIVE BIOTERROR ATTACK AND THE FINAL CHAPTER OF THIS ATTACK WILL BE THE DEADLY EFFECTS OF VACCINES THAT BROUGHT TO BEAR AGAINST THE MANUFACTURED ATTACKS. THE ADJUVANTS AND VACCINES ARE DEADLY OVER TIME AND THEY REFLECT THE QUOTED REALITY OF KEY GLOBALISTS THROUGH THE YEARS. TAKE THE FOLLOWING AS A DECLARATION OF WAR AGAINST TRANSHUMANISM-LOVING GLOBALISTS.. For the past four years, I have researched the following question: Is there a deliberate attempt on the part of the global elite to eliminate a substantial portion of humanity through the use of a bioengineered diseases and viruses and the more deadly accompanying vaccines?. As with any murder plot, whether it be a ...
A long-awaited US government policy on biological research that could be used for terrorism or other nefarious purposes is little changed from a draft released 19 months ago, despite receiving 38 comments from institutions and researchers concerned that it goes either too far or not far enough. The centrepiece of the policy, released on 24 September, is a set of guidelines for researchers working on 15 specific pathogens or toxins. But the rules do not regulate experiments that engineer pathogens not on the list to make them more deadly - so-called gain-of-function research. Officials from the White House and US National Institutes of Health (NIH) say the government will be addressing these concerns in coming weeks.. The White House released its first draft policy on dual-use research of concern, or DURC, in February 2013. The policy requires researchers at institutions that receive funding from the US government and are working with one of 15 specific pathogens or toxins to notify their ...
The U.S. Defense Department is set to alter the priorities of a 5-year-old program that has made little progress toward developing countermeasures for pathogens that might be genetically tweaked for an act of bioterrorism, despite $1 billion in funding, the Boston Globe reported yesterday (see GSN, Nov. 11, 2010).. Independent research entities funded under the Defense Threat Reduction Agencys Transformational Medical Technologies Initiative were unable to overcome key obstacles in genetic research, officials and biological terrorism experts said. Of more than 50 studies funded by the program and carried out by more than 100 university laboratories, pharmaceutical groups and biotechnology firms, only two drugs of potential use have emerged, the Globe reported. Preliminary clinical trials of the treatments remained a distant possibility.. Were years away from any reasonable [Food and Drug Administration] certification, let alone production, said a Defense Department contractor with ties to ...
Examines ten key indicators to evaluate state preparedness to respond to bioterrorist attacks and other public health emergencies. Evaluates the federal governments role and performance, and offers recommendations for improving readiness.
This paper provides an overview of the U.S. regulatory framework governing genetic biocontrol efforts for invasive fish. Genetic biocontrol refers to the intentional release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) into the environment to control a target population of a non-native species. The terms genetically modified and genetically engineered are often used interchangeably, despite the sc ...
This paper provides an overview of the U.S. regulatory framework governing genetic biocontrol efforts for invasive fish. Genetic biocontrol refers to the intentional release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) into the environment to control a target population of a non-native species. The terms genetically modified and genetically engineered are often used interchangeably, despite the sc ...
The Office of the Gene Technology Regulator (OGTR) is on its way to approve a licence application from PaxVax Australia (PaxVax) for the intentional release of a GMO vaccine consisting…. ...
The Deputy National Security Advisor is a member of the Executive Office of the President of the United States and the United States National Security Council, serving under the Presidents National Security Advisor. Among other responsibilities, the Deputy National Security Advisor often serves as Executive Secretary to the National Security Council Principals Committee, and as chairman of the National Security Council Deputies Committee. The role changes according to the organizational philosophy and staffing of each White House and there are often multiple deputies to the National Security Advisor charged with various areas of focus.[1][2] The position is currently being held by Charles Kupperman since 2019. ...
The Bioterrorism Response Act also directs the HHS Secretary to promulgate regulations to establish and enforce safety and security procedures for the possession and use of select agents and toxins, including measures to ensure proper training and appropriate skills to handle such select agents and toxins. See generally, 42 C.F.R. Part 73. The U.S. Department of Agriculture select agents and toxins regulations are found at 7 C.F.R. Part 331 and 9 C.F.R. Part 121. Pursuant to subtitle B of title II of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (the Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act), the USDA Secretary has established a list of biological agents and toxins which have the potential to pose a severe threat to animal and plant health, or to animal or plant products (See 7 USC § 8041). This list is found in section 3 (PPQ select agents and toxins) of Part 331 and in section 3 (VS select agents and toxins) and section 4 (Overlap select agents and toxins) ...
The predecessor to the National Security Council was the National Intelligence Authority (NIA) which was established by President Harry S. Trumans Executive Letter of 22 January 1946 to oversee the Central Intelligence Group, the CIAs predecessor. The NIA was composed of the Secretary of State, Secretary of War, Secretary of the Navy, and the Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief. The National Security Council was created in 1947 by the National Security Act. It was created because policymakers felt that the diplomacy of the State Department was no longer adequate to contain the USSR in light of the tension between the Soviet Union and the United States.[1] The intent was to ensure coordination and concurrence among the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force and other instruments of national security policy such as the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), also created in the National Security Act. In 2004, the position of Director of National Intelligence (DNI) was created, taking over the ...
Washington Post A decade after envelopes containing anthrax terrorized the nation and alerted officials to the need to protect against bioterrorism, significant gaps remain in the nations capacity to respond to a bioterrorism attack, according to an analysis released Thursday.. Although the anthrax attacks triggered an unprecedented attempt to bolster the nations preparedness, and significant improvements have been made, much more work remains to be done, according to the analysis by the Trust for Americas Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, two private nonprofit, nonpartisan research groups.. View the full story (some sites require registration). ...
When Edward Snowden leaked Americas extensive surveillance practices, it didnt just impact American citizens. It changed the way people all over the world thought about their data privacy and how it impacts national security. The increased focus on data privacy hasnt only affected governments either. It has shed new light onto the data collection practices of businesses. Many have called into question how businesses should handle data, with national security matters (Apples refusal to unlock an iPhone is a great example) and data breaches creating big discussions on the subject. A fine line People feel just as negatively about the collection of their personal data today as they did in 2013. However, despite the negative associations, people are becoming more willing to let their data be collected if it will protect national security. Astonishingly, only 20% of people surveyed in 2016 dont support the use of personal data to protect national security. This is a major decrease from the 42% who were
State and Local Governments must be invited by DHS to apply. DHS will invite governmental organizations to apply for continuation funding under this FOA. The BioWatch Program is a cornerstone of the Department of Homeland Securitys (DHS) comprehensive strategy for countering biological terrorism. The BioWatch Program is an early warning system that is designed to detect the intentional release of select aerosolized biological agents. The BioWatch Programs mission is to provide and maintain a continuous bio-terrorism air monitoring system in metropolitan areas and coordinate with state and local public health communities to prepare for and respond to a bioterrorist event. This mission is accomplished by serving as an early warning system which enhances the security of jurisdictions by providing the needed time to execute their comprehensive concept of operations plans to counter biological terrorism. The Biowatch Program is a critical part of an ongoing national effort to build and sustain ...
Overview of the most pressing biosecurity issues facing the world today. Guest lecturers have included former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, former Special Assistant on BioSecurity to Presidents Clinton and Bush Jr. Dr. Ken Bernard, Chief Medical Officer of the Homeland Security Department Dr. Alex Garza, eminent scientists, innovators and physicians in the field, and leaders of relevant technology companies. How well the US and global healthcare systems are prepared to withstand a pandemic or a bioterrorism attack, how the medical/healthcare field, government, and the technology sectors are involved in biosecurity and pandemic or bioterrorism response and how they interface, the rise of synthetic biology with its promises and threats, global bio-surveillance, making the medical diagnosis, isolation, containment, hospital surge capacity, stockpiling and distribution of countermeasures, food and agriculture biosecurity, new promising technologies for detection of bio-threats and ...
Overview of the most pressing biosecurity issues facing the world today. Guest lecturers have included former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, former Special Assistant on BioSecurity to Presidents Clinton and Bush Jr. Dr. Ken Bernard, Chief Medical Officer of the Homeland Security Department Dr. Alex Garza, eminent scientists, innovators and physicians in the field, and leaders of relevant technology companies. How well the US and global healthcare systems are prepared to withstand a pandemic or a bioterrorism attack, how the medical/healthcare field, government, and the technology sectors are involved in biosecurity and pandemic or bioterrorism response and how they interface, the rise of synthetic biology with its promises and threats, global bio-surveillance, making the medical diagnosis, isolation, containment, hospital surge capacity, stockpiling and distribution of countermeasures, food and agriculture biosecurity, new promising technologies for detection of bio-threats and ...
Since October 3, 2001, CDC and state and local public health authorities have been investigating cases of bioterrorism-related anthrax. This report updates findings as of October 31, and includes interim guidelines for the clinical evaluation of pers ...
The New York Times publishes an article by Sheryl Gay Stolberg entitled, Some Experts Say US Is Vulnerable to a Germ Attack. The article claims that the US is inadequately prepared to confront bioterrorist attacks, according to a broad range of health experts and officials. The nation must develop new vaccines and treatments, they say, but it must also fortify its fragile public health infrastructure, the first line of defense in detecting and containing biological threats. It further notes that since 9/11, much of the discussion about bioterrorism has centered on a shortage of antibiotics and vaccines. But the bigger problem, officials agree, is a lack of basic public health infrastructure and preparedness that could thwart a terror attack or limit its effects. Doctors are poorly trained to recognize symptoms of infection with possible biological weapons, like plague and anthrax, which can resemble the flu. Asha George, an expert on biological warfare, says, We are not going to have a ...
The New York Times publishes an article by Sheryl Gay Stolberg entitled, Some Experts Say US Is Vulnerable to a Germ Attack. The article claims that the US is inadequately prepared to confront bioterrorist attacks, according to a broad range of health experts and officials. The nation must develop new vaccines and treatments, they say, but it must also fortify its fragile public health infrastructure, the first line of defense in detecting and containing biological threats. It further notes that since 9/11, much of the discussion about bioterrorism has centered on a shortage of antibiotics and vaccines. But the bigger problem, officials agree, is a lack of basic public health infrastructure and preparedness that could thwart a terror attack or limit its effects. Doctors are poorly trained to recognize symptoms of infection with possible biological weapons, like plague and anthrax, which can resemble the flu. Asha George, an expert on biological warfare, says, We are not going to have a ...
The overriding question is whether the U.S. is ready for a bioterror attack. The answer could well rely on the other question of what bio-agent and whats the source? In 1991, 40,000 Russian scientists dispersed throughout the world, with knowledge of what the U.S.S.R. was doing in chemical and biological weapons. The question is to whom did they sell their knowledge? Some believe former Soviet scientists sold technology to countries like Iran, Syria, and North Korea. Lurking is the spectre of al-Qaeda, a group that the Pentagon says continues to pursue biological weapons.. Another scenario is an outbreak of a pandemic. How would the U.S. deal with an infectious disease outbreak? The picture, despite reassurances, is not pretty. Until now, the U.S. has experienced two major biological attacks.. In 1984, the Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh and his followers attempted to take over the town of Dalles, Oregon by contaminating salad bars in the town. In 2001, there was the as yet unsolved mystery of the ...
The mission of the Lint Center for National Security Studies is to foster and further the educational development and opportunities for the next generation of Americas Counterintelligence and National Security Workers. The Center focuses on empowering individuals, enhancing the study of national security issues, and enabling emerging leaders to be mentored by established current-and-former industry experts.
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) gives the highest priority to developing countermeasures against bioterrorism agents that are highly infective when dispersed in aerosol form. Developing drugs to prevent or treat illnesses caused by bioterrorism agents requires testing their effectiveness in animals since human clinical trials would be unethical. At the request of NIAID, the National Academies conducted a study to examine how such testing could be improved. The report provides recommendations to researchers on selecting the kinds of animal models, aerosol generators, and bioterrorism agent doses that would produce conditions that most closely mimic the disease process in humans. It also urges researchers to fully document experimental parameters in the literature so that studies can be reproduced and compared. The report recommends that all unclassified data on bioterrorism agent studies -- including unclassified, unpublished data from U.S. Army Medical Research ...
An anthrax bioterrorism attack in a transportation hub will require the use of various decontamination approaches, including fogging of sporicidal liquids.
Since the last report (1), six new anthrax cases have been reported. Three of these cases have occupational exposures similar to previously reported cases (1). A fourth case occurred in a mail handler at a facility not previously linked to cases but that receives mail from a facility at which cases have occurred previously. Two new cases have no discernable epidemiologic link with anthrax cases previously reported or sites that are associated with known cases. These new cases suggest that anthrax exposure has occurred or is continuing to occur through means that cannot be ascribed to known contaminated letters or the paths these letters took through the mail service. The public health response to these new anthrax cases will evolve based on ongoing epidemiologic and criminal investigations. Because exposures are being intentionally perpetrated, public health authorities must be vigilant for the appearance of new cases in previously unaffected populations. Prompt data sharing between law ...
Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: dsmith3 Last modified by: Vivien Maier Created Date: 5/8/2003 5:54:42 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 7bd45e-Y2U1Y
The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-188; June 12, 2002) requires that the United States improve its ability to prevent, prepare for, and respond to acts of bioterrorism and other public health emergencies that could threaten either public health and safety or American Agriculture. It necessitates that individuals possessing, using, or transferring agents or toxins deemed a severe threat to public, animal or plant health, or to animal or plant products notify either the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) or the Secretary of the Department of Agriculture (USDA). In accordance with the Act, implementing regulations detailing the requirements for possession, use, and transfer for select agents and toxins were published by HHS (42 CFR Part 73). Registration of an entity requires that an Application for Laboratory Registration for Possession, Use, and Transfer of Select Agents and Toxins (APHIS/CDC Form 1) ...
FY10-27. OAK RIDGE, Tenn.-John L. Crapo, CHP, has been named the new associate director for readiness in ORAUs National Security and Emergency Management Programs.. In his new role, Crapo will be responsible for planning, organizing, directing and scheduling all management activities associated with ORAUs support to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Emergency Responses counterterrorism, counter-proliferation and emergency management fields. He will also provide strategic insight into DOEs program goals and plans as they pertain to the emergency response mission.. John has a strong background in radiological consequence management and regulatory compliance, said Dave Hackemeyer, vice president and director for ORAUs National Security and Emergency Management Programs. He will do a great job, and he will ensure our support to DOE meets and exceeds expectations.. Before joining ORAU in 2007, Crapo served nearly 20 years in the U.S. Navy as a health physicist. He received a ...
We live in an era of mass surveillance. Private companies monitor our comings and goings, and ad-supported cloud services record and mine our online activities. At the same time, governments have been conducting extensive surveillance in the name of national security. To a large extent, citizens and lawmakers have accepted loss of privacy in exchange for increased security. Can computing technology promote both personal privacy and national security? Panelists will explore how state-of-the-art cryptography, security, networked systems, and data-management technology might enable government agencies to acquire actionable, useful information about legitimate targets of investigation without intruding upon the electronic activity of innocent parties. They will also address the need to use laws and policies in conjunction with technology to hold government agencies accountable for proper use of private information.. ...
While American national security policy has grown more interventionist since the Cold War, Washington has also hoped to shape the world on the cheap. Misled by the stunning success against Iraq in 1991, administrations of both parties have pursued ambitious aims with limited force, committing the countrys military frequently yet often hesitantly, with inconsistent justification. These ventures have produced strategic confusion, unplanned entanglements, and indecisive results. This collection of essays by Richard K. Betts, a leading international politics scholar, investigates the use of American force since the end of the Cold War, suggesting guidelines for making it more selective and successful. Betts brings his extensive knowledge of twentieth century American diplomatic and military history to bear on the full range of theory and practice in national security, surveying the Cold War roots of recent initiatives and arguing that U.S. policy has always been more unilateral than liberal ...
When exploring medical privacy issues, its very useful to have an overview of the laws that affect control and privacy of medical information. We encourage you to read our legal overview. The government has many options for obtaining your medical records on the grounds of national security. And if your medical records are swept up in a national security investigation, you
News breaks this morning that the NSA has the ability to monitor 75% of the nations internet traffic at once. They can watch what 75% of Americans are doing at any one time online. Think on that for a moment.. We have already learned that they can monitor your cell phone. They can get access to your individual online browsing history via your internet service provider, and read your emails. Now we learn that they can watch over three-quarters of the nations internet traffic at the drop of a hat.. This has gone far beyond national security.. On Coffee & Markets yesterday Congressman Bob Goodlatte, Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee, said it is time for more transparency of the NSAs monitoring efforts and called for better oversight of these programs. Both of those suggestions are great first steps to reining in the NSA, but there is more that needs to be done.. In the name of national security, has become the most overused and hollow phrase in Washington. It seems any activity can be ...
The National Security angle could have the most powerful impact on public sentiment and senate votes, diminishing the political framing and enhancing the Rule of law/Oath of Office issue, seen through the lens of National Security ...
The battle between anti-Trump careerists within the U.S. intelligence community and the commander-in-chief is getting more serious by the day. On Wednesday, in the aftermath of the resignation of Trumps national security advisor, Michael Flynn - thought to be the first of many Trump national security team casualties to come - former NSA analyst and ...
Description: The September 11th attack and subsequent intentional release of anthrax spores via the U.S. postal system have focused policymakers attention on the preparedness and response capability of the nations public health system. The anthrax attacks put a tremendous strain on the U. S. public health infrastructure, an infrastructure that many experts argue has been weakened by years of neglect and under-funding. To better understand the preparedness gaps that exist, as well as the disparate functions and agencies that define public health in this country, the Congressional Research Service (CRS), in conjunction with George Washington Universitys National Health Policy Forum (NHPF), convened a seminar on October 26, 2001, entitled, The U.S. Health Care System: Are State and Local Officials Prepared for Bioterrorism? How Should the Federal Government Assist? ...
In the aftermath of the World Trade Center attack on September 11, 2001, there have been several bioterrorism attacks in the continental United States, ...
The first evening of the #MoBE17 meeting was a reception, with a fabulous keynote talk by Ed Yong mainly focused on Science Communication. Ed had a number of tips for interacting with journalists and thinking about how we present stories instead of facts. The quote of the evening was surely you cannot replace a feeling with a fact. Jonathan Eisen created a Storify of Day 1 which can be found here.. Started the next day with an introduction by Paula Olsiewski, giving her perspective on the field as a funder. The program grew out of work on an earlier program looking at preventing bioterrorism attacks, they soon discovered that little was known about the normal indoor microbiome. She gave us the history of the program; recruiting senior researchers early, getting buy-in from early career researchers, building collaborations across fields, engaging the public, and obtaining other support for the field.. Sue Lynch gave the Keynote talk today, talking about her groundbreaking work on childhood ...
MADISON - In this time of the chronic threat of terrorism and the possibility of war with an adversary who may be armed with biological weapons high on the wish list of security agencies and battlefield commanders is a quick and easy way to detect the presence of dangerous biological agents. Now with the help of a novel diamond film developed by chemists at the University of Wisconsin-M,Diamond,Film,May,Enable,Critical,New,Sensors,For,Bioterror,biological,advanced biology technology,biology laboratory technology,biology device technology,latest biology technology
Following the high-profile laboratory incidents involving select agents and toxins that occurred at federally regulated laboratories, the National Science and Technology Council established a Fast Track Action Committee on the Select Agent Regulations(FTAC-SAR) under the Subcommittee on Biological Defense Research and Development of its Committee on Homeland and National Security. The FTAC and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy convened two listening sessions and published a Request for Public Comment in the Federal Register to engage input into how the Select Agent Regulations (SAR) have impacted science, technology, and national security in the United States. Based on this input, the FTAC published the Fast Track Action Committee Report that offered recommendations for FSAP program improvement.. Recommendation #6 (Inventory Control Requirements) The FTAC recommends retaining requirements to maintain inventories of samples containing biological select agents and toxins, ...
UCLA scientists have discovered how the deadly Nipah virus infiltrates human cells to cause encephalitis. Designated as a potential bioterrorism agent by the National Biodefense Research Agenda, the virus exploits a protein essential to embryonic development to enter cells and launch its attack.
Traditional laboratory biosafety guidelines have emphasized use of optimal work practices, appropriate containment equipment, well-designed facilities, and administrative controls to minimize risks of unintentional infection or injury for laboratory workers and to prevent contamination of the outside environment (1). Although clinical and research microbiology laboratories might contain dangerous biologic, chemical, and radioactive materials, to date, only a limited number of reports have been published of materials being used intentionally to injure laboratory workers or others (2--7). However, recently, concern has increased regarding possible use of biologic, chemical, and radioactive materials as terrorism agents (8,9). In the United States, recent terrorism incidents (10) have resulted in the substantial enhancement of existing regulations and creation of new regulations governing laboratory security to prevent such incidents. The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and ...
In order to discuss Biosafety, it is important to understand the concept. Biosafety refers to the prevention of unintentional outbrakes of pathogens, toxins due to accidents or lack of knowledge. It is important to distinguish the concept of Biosafety from Biosecurity. Biosecurity deals with issues of theft, misuse, diversion or any intentional release of dangerous biological material or pathogens (Schmidt, Chapter 6: Do I undestand what I can create? Biosafety issues in synthetic biology, 2009). Although Biosecurity is an important concept, especially when dealing with issues such as bioterrorism and national security, its mostly managed by the government and international regulatory agencies. The scientific community can do little or nothing with respect to Biosecurity in the same manner it can only make small contributions to solve problems such as terrorism or organized crime. Most of the times, researchers can limit themselves to denounce irregularities they detect so that a law ...
The past decade has seen considerable development in the diagnostic application of nonculture methods, including nucleic acid amplification-based methods and mass spectrometry, for the diagnosis of infectious diseases. The implications of these new culture-independent diagnostic tests (CIDTs) include bypassing the need to culture organisms, thus potentially affecting public health surveillance systems, which continue to use isolates as the basis of their surveillance programs and to assess phenotypic resistance to antimicrobial agents. CIDTs may also affect the way public health practitioners detect and respond to a bioterrorism event. In response to a request from the Department of Homeland Security, Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cosponsored a workshop to review the impact of CIDTs on the rapid detection and identification of biothreat agents. Four panel discussions were held that covered nucleic acid amplification-based diagnostics, mass ...
In this information age, national security analysts often find themselves searching for a needle in a haystack. The available data is growing much faster…
The National Security and Law Task Force examines the rule of law, the laws of war, and US constitutional law to make proposals that strike an optimal balance between individual freedom and the vigorous defense of the nation against terrorists both abroad and at home.
The National Security and Law Task Force examines the rule of law, the laws of war, and US constitutional law to make proposals that strike an optimal balance between individual freedom and the vigorous defense of the nation against terrorists both abroad and at home.
Global Health is Americas Health and National Security. Samuel L. Stanley, Jr., M.D. Paul Rogers Global Health Ambassador Research!America. Infectious diseases know no borders. The flat, hot and crowded world. Jet travel removes the temporal and geographic barriers Slideshow 5109314 by...
Joe Lieberman is back from neocon retirement to declare that measles is a national security threat. His proposed solution is for the government to invade the privacy and security of peoples lives.
Since 2010 the National Security Council (NSC) has won plaudits for improving the clarity and regularity of national-security co-ordination. It has also been criticised for strategic shortcomings and a lack of capacity to drive forward the implementation of its decisions across government. Joe Devanny appraises the NSCs performance and future prospects, although without access to NSC proceedings it is difficult to infer the quality of its decisions or the coherence of its policies from the ambiguous evidence of apparent policy
entry level jobs and internships the professionals the national security agency (nsa) have one common goal: protect our nation.  the mission requires strong offense and steadfast defense.  the offense collects, processes and disseminates intelligence information derived from
By Adam Levine, with reporting from Pam Benson and Ann Colwell The level of detail spilling out through media reports about crucial national security operations is raising the question of whether President Barack Obamas administration can keep a secret -- or in some cases even wants to.
By Adam Levine, with reporting from Pam Benson and Ann Colwell The level of detail spilling out through media reports about crucial national security operations is raising the question of whether President Barack Obamas administration can keep a secret -- or in some cases even wants to.
Bioterrorism[edit]. Botulinum toxin has been recognized as a potential agent for use in bioterrorism.[79] It can be absorbed ... Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense. Wiley-Liss. doi:10.1002/0471686786.ebd0012.pub2. ISBN 978-0-471-68678-1. .. ... "Botulism, Botulinum Toxin, and Bioterrorism: Review and Update". Medscape. Cliggott Publishing. Retrieved 14 July 2010 ...
Bioterrorism[edit]. Talent has been outspoken about what he sees as the nation's vulnerability to a growing bioterrorism threat ...
Bioterrorism[edit]. Botulinum toxin has been recognized as a potential agent for use in bioterrorism.[61] It can be absorbed ... Encyclopedia of Bioterrorism Defense. Wiley-Liss. doi:10.1002/0471686786.ebd0012.pub2. ISBN 978-0-471-68678-1.. ... http://www.emsworld.com/article/10324792/botulinum-toxin-a-bioterrorism-weapon *^ McAdams D, Kornblet S (15 July 2011). "Baader ... "Botulism, Botulinum Toxin, and Bioterrorism: Review and Update". Medscape. Cliggott Publishing. Retrieved July 14, 2010 ...
Response to bioterrorism incident or threat[edit]. Government agencies which would be called on to respond to a bioterrorism ... 2001-11-28), Availability and Comparative Value of Data Elements Required for an Effective Bioterrorism Detection System (PDF) ... Avalanche Photodiodes Target Bioterrorism Agents Newswise, Retrieved on June 25, 2008. *^ Pellerin, Cheryl. "Global Nature of ... The US military has specialized units, which can respond to a bioterrorism event; among them are the United States Marine Corps ...
... bioterrorism; adulteration and quarantine matters; research, education, and extension; and biotechnology. Scott, Thompson ...
Bioterrorism". In Kenneth H. Mayer (ed.). The Social Ecology of Infectious Diseases. H.F. Pizer. London: Elsevier. p. 331. ISBN ... Bioterrorism in the context of infectious diseases". In Felissa R. Lashley (ed.). Emerging Infectious Diseases: Trends and ... In 2003, he received a Distinguished Service Award from the District of Columbia Hospital Association for Bioterrorism ... he has taught students on bioterrorism and emerging infectious disease. In 2014, he became a senior scholar with the O'Neill ...
"First Nations and Native American Leaders Arrested In Front Of White House To Protest Keystone XL Pipeline". Bioterrorism Week ...
Bioterrorism Week. NewsRX. 14 September 2009. ""Plaza Sésamo" educa sobre la gripe porcina". People en Español (in Spanish). ...
"Meta-Leadership and National Emergency Preparedness: A Model to Build Government Connectivity." Biosecurity & Bioterrorism. 4:2 ... "Meta-Leadership and National Emergency Preparedness: A Model to Build Government Connectivity." Biosecurity & Bioterrorism. 4:2 ... Bioterrorism. It was further developed through work with Dr. Isaac Ashkenazi and, later, Eric J. McNulty. The Meta-leadership ...
"Meta-Leadership and National Emergency Preparedness: A Model to Build Government Connectivity." Biosecurity & Bioterrorism. 4:2 ... Bioterrorism. 4:2, Summer 2006 Marcus, L.J., Ashkenazi, I, Dorn, B., & Henderson, J. "Meta-leadership: Expanding the Scope and ...
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "Bioterrorism Agents/Diseases". Archived from the original on July 22, ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Category A Bioterrorism Agents, and listed as Biological Agents for Export Control ...
Hugh Pennington (5 September 2002). "Smallpox Scares: Bioterrorism". London Review of Books. 24 (17): 32-33. "Index entry". ...
"Bioterrorism Agents/Diseases". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Archived from the original on 2014-07-22.: ] " ... Bioterrorism and Infectious Agents: A New Dilemma for the 21st Century. Springer. pp. 99-145. ISBN 978-1-4419-1266-4. Whitlock ...
Pennington, Hugh (2003). "Smallpox and bioterrorism". Bull. World Health Organ. 81 (10): 762-767. doi:10.1590/S0042- ...
Pennington H (2003). "Smallpox and bioterrorism". Bull World Health Organ. 81 (10): 762-7. doi:10.1590/S0042-96862003001000014 ...
Urbani Hiltebrand, E. & Armenti, C. (2003). Psychosocial Issues/Bioterrorism. (White paper). Los Angeles: The Annenberg Center ...
"Bioterrorism questions and answers". OREGON.gov. Archived from the original on May 27, 2010. Retrieved November 18, 2007. U.S. ... "Bioterrorism in History - 1984: Rajneesh Cult Attacks Local Salad Bar". NPR. Archived from the original on January 5, 2009. ... "Bioterrorism in Oregon". Emergency Film Group. Archived from the original on April 29, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2007. ... Residents of The Dalles commented that they have an understanding of how bioterrorism can occur in the United States. The ...
Bioterrorism Agents/Diseases. bt.cdc.gov Siva SR, Chong HT, Tan CT (2009). "Ten year clinical and serological outcomes of Nipah ...
Gronvall, G.K. (2012). Preparing for Bioterrorism: The Sloan Foundation's Leadership in Biosecurity. Center for Biosecurity of ... Biosecurity and Bioterrorism. 4 (1): 41-54. doi:10.1089/bsp.2006.4.41. PMID 16545023. Morse, S.S.; Garwin, R.L.; Olsiewski, P.J ...
Encyclopedia of bioterrorism defense. Wiley-LISS, 2005. ISBN 0471467170. Polunin, Nicholas, Lynn M. Curme. World who is who and ...
Garrett, Laurie (January-February 2005). "The Nightmare of Bioterrorism". Foreign Affairs. Retrieved November 24, 2020. New ...
"A Nation Challenged: Bioterrorism; Report Linking Anthrax and Hijackers Is Investigated" Archived November 7, 2016, at the ... Cole, Leonard A. (2009). The Anthrax Letters: A Bioterrorism Expert Investigates the Attacks That Shocked America-Case Closed ... ISBN 978-1-58243-509-1. Cole, LA (2009). The Anthrax Letters, A Bioterrorism Expert Investigates the Attacks That Shocked ... In a technical article to be published in the Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense in 2011, three scientists argued that the ...
ISBN 978-1-920942-62-5.CS1 maint: location (link) Pennington H (2003). "Smallpox and bioterrorism" (PDF). Bulletin of the World ...
"Virus: Bio-Terrorism Unlikely". CBS News. 11 February 2009. Retrieved 10 October 2013. v t e. ... Roos, Robert (19 September 2002). "CDC sees no evidence of bioterrorism in spread of West Nile virus". Center for Infectious ... Tucker, Jonathan B. "Improving Infectious Disease Surveillance to Combat Bioterrorism and Natural Emerging Infections". ...
In the latter case, or if a nation-state uses it clandestinely, it may also be considered bioterrorism. Biological warfare and ... In 2015, to combat the threat of bioterrorism, a National Blueprint for Biodefense was issued by the Blue-Ribbon Study Panel on ... The growing threat of biowarfare agents and bioterrorism has led to the development of specific field tools that perform on-the ... Though a verification system can reduce bioterrorism, an employee, or a lone terrorist having adequate knowledge of the company ...
2016, November 7). Bioterrorism Week, p. 23. Retrieved from http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A468971075/PPWT?u=crepuq_bishop& ...
Encyclopedia of bioterrorism defense. Wiley-LISS, 2005. ISBN 0471467170. Thackrah, John Richard. Encyclopedia of Terrorism and ...
Sutton was one of only a few law scholars in the U.S. working on biosecurity and bioterrorism and law when the anthrax attacks ... 2003). Law and bioterrorism. Durham, N.C.: Carolina Academic Press. ISBN 0-89089-071-4. OCLC 51524901. Sutton, Victoria. (2007 ... In 2002, she published "Law and Bioterrorism" with Carolina Academic Press. In 2007, Vickie Sutton developed a casebook, "Law ...
"Smallpox and bioterrorism" (PDF). Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 81 (10): 765. PMC 2572332. PMID 14758439. Pollock ...
Congress responded by passing the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness Response Act, 'the Bioterrorism Act', ... The Bioterrorism Act of 2002 granted the FDA administrative detention authority over food items if there is credible evidence ... "Bioterrorism Act of 2002". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved December 1, 2011. "The FDA Food Safety Modernization ...
|p|Plague is a disease that affects humans and other mammals. It is caused by the bacterium, Yersinia pestis.|/p|
Bioterrorism Biological agents are organisms or toxins that can kill or disable people, livestock and crops. A biological ...
Biodefense includes vaccines and other methods to protect against bioterrorism. ... Bioterrorism (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in Spanish * Bioterrorism Agents/Diseases (Centers for Disease ... Article: Knowledge and preparedness of healthcare providers towards bioterrorism. * Biodefense and Bioterrorism -- see more ... A bioterrorism attack is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs to cause illness or death. These germs are ...
Information on terrorism and public health. Provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Bioterrorism and Military Health Risks. G20 Health Ministers Forum, World Economic Forum. Davos, Switzerland 25 January 2003 ...
Bioterrorism Drugs Join Congresss Agenda. Firms Urge $1 Billion Fund For Vaccines, Treatments For Anthrax, Smallpox, Pandemic ... the biotech and venture-capital industries have seen new potential in developing products against bioterrorism. Kleiner Perkins ...
Health Information on Biodefense and Bioterrorism: MedlinePlus Multiple Languages Collection ... Biodefense and Bioterrorism: MedlinePlus Health Topic - English Biodefensa y bioterrorismo: Tema de salud de MedlinePlus - ...
... BY holly korschun. Ruth Berkelman, Rollins Professor of Public Health and ... Now, with the additional looming threat of bioterrorism, Berkelman is using her public-health skills to lead a team of faculty ...
Biological Toxins and Bioterrorism. Editors: Gopalakrishnakone, P., Balali-Mood, M., Llewellyn, L., Singh, B.R. (Eds.) ... Covers all areas of toxinology, including topics like bioterrorism, toxin evolution and toxin based drug development ...
Anthrax bioterrorism. Euro Surveill. 1999;3(7):pii=1455. https://doi.org/10.2807/esw.03.07.01455-en ...
Bioterrorism: Modern concerns. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) define bioterrorism as the intentional ... Bioterrorism: Should we be worried?. Written by Tim Newman on February 28, 2018. - Fact checked by Jasmin Collier ... How likely is a bioterrorism attack today?. This can be achieved in a number of ways, such as: via aerosol sprays; in explosive ... For now, however, other methods of bioterrorism are much easier and closer to hand, so this is likely to be of little concern ...
ISBN 978-3-030-03070-4. "Bioterrorism , Anthrax , CDC". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 25 October 2017. "Bioterrorism Overview". ... Incidents of Food Bioterrorism. In Bioterrorism: A Threat to National Security or Public Health Defining Issue, University of ... Bio terrorism is used to threaten people, governments and countries By the time World War I began, attempts to use anthrax were ... Bioterrorism is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, toxins or other harmful agents to cause illness or death in people ...
Their potential beyond bioterrorism may make syndromic surveillance systems worth the investment. ... An Effective Tool for Detecting Bioterrorism?, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, RB-9042, 2004. As of June 13, 2021: ... An Effective Tool for Detecting Bioterrorism?. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2004. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_ ...
... bioterrorism! If recent incidents of anthrax exposure fail to create panic among Americans, it won't be because the news ... Every day, I learn more and more about anthrax and other methods of bioterrorism simply by turning on the tube. In just a few ... we should acknowledge that bioterrorism is a concern. And, of course, we should inform the public of the magnitude of the ...
... Examines the various biological agents that terrorists could use against ... Disciplines with similar materials as Biological Agents of Water and Foodborne Bioterrorism ...
Proposed Cuts Alarm Bioterrorism Experts: Theyre Just Gutting Things. Order Reprints , Todays Paper , Subscribe ...
Vaccines against bioterrorism. Who will build our biodefences?. Pharmaceutical firms would like to create the drugs needed in ... INVADING Iraq may be one way to counter the threat of bioterrorism. In an ideal world, a more scientific and less risky ...
Bay Area scientists are dialing up our inner strength to survive a bioterrorism attack. Labs at Stanford and UC San Francisco ... How to make humans resistant to bioterrorism. *Discover: Find the genes that can protect against flu or radiation. ... Inspired by recent breakthroughs in genetics, Bay Area scientists are dialing up our inner strength to survive a bioterrorism ...
... conducted four national and three regional telephone surveys of public opinion and knowledge about the threat of bioterrorism ... No national figure was trusted by a majority of respondents as a source of reliable information during a bioterrorism outbreak. ... Survey Assesses Public Attitudes, Knowledge and Misinformation About Bioterrorism. * *June 15, 2004 ... conducted four national and three regional telephone surveys of public opinion and knowledge about the threat of bioterrorism ...
Bioterrorism: Guidelines for Medical and Public Health Management BMJ 2003; 326 :665 ... Bioterrorism: Guidelines for Medical and Public Health Management. BMJ 2003; 326 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.326.7390.665 ...
Pakistans experience of a bioterrorism-related anthrax scare. dc.contributor. Ahmad, K.. EN. ...
BioterrorismLawmakers, scientists question FBIs investigation, conclusion in 2001 anthrax attacks. Published 14 August 2013. ...
Concerned about online marketing efforts that mislead and attempt to prey upon the publics anxiety about bioterrorism threats ... E-Legal: FTC Targets Web Sites Touting Unproven Bioterrorism Cures. Concerned about online marketing efforts that mislead and ... anthrax or other infectious diseases that could be agents of bioterrorism? If so, be afraid, be very afraid - of the Federal ... attempt to prey upon the publics anxiety about bioterrorism threats, the Federal Trade Commission sent warnings to Web site ...
BMA says scientists should take part in bioterrorism debate BMJ 2004; 329 :993 ... BMA says scientists should take part in bioterrorism debate. BMJ 2004; 329 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.329.7473.993-a ( ...
WHO reacts to threat of bioterrorism. Euro Surveill. 2001;5(39):pii=1681. https://doi.org/10.2807/esw.05.39.01681-en ...
6.Danzig R. Catastrophic Bioterrorism-What Is to Be Done? Washington, DC: Center for Technology and National Security Policy, ... Home , May 2004 - Volume 15 - Issue 3 , Dont Forget the Terror in Bioterrorism ...
"Two years later we really arent where we ought to be in terms of readiness to handle the next bioterrorism event, whatever ... "Given the complexities of learning about bioterrorism, the perceived low likelihood of a local attack, and the many competing ... Most physicians willing to serve but unready for bioterrorism. University of Chicago Medical Center ...
Bioterrorism to be Held at UTD Oct. 26. RICHARDSON, Texas (Oct. 22, 2001) - The University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) will host a ... Panelists will include five experts on various aspects of biological warfare and bioterrorism from the U.T. Dallas faculty and ... symposium about biological warfare and bioterrorism - particularly focusing on the recent anthrax outbreaks - Friday, Oct. 26, ...
DOH is responsible for processing reports of infection with a bioterrorism agent and the syndromic surveillance of emergency ... What is Bioterrorism?. A bioterrorism attack is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs (agents) used to ... Bioterrorism Agent Categories. Bioterrorism agents can be separated into three categories, depending on how easily they can be ... Bioterrorism agents are on the Nationally Notifiable Conditions list. Therefore, infection with a bioterrorism agent in the ...
  • Since the anthrax attacks in October 2001, the biotech and venture-capital industries have seen new potential in developing products against bioterrorism. (wsj.com)
  • Akehurst C . Anthrax bioterrorism. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Experts believe that today, the most likely organism to be used in a bioterrorism attack would be Bacillus anthracis , the bacteria that causes anthrax. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Some bioterrorism agents, like the smallpox virus, can be spread from person to person and some, like anthrax, cannot. (wikipedia.org)
  • Every day, I learn more and more about anthrax and other methods of bioterrorism simply by turning on the tube. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Does your Web site promote unproven remedies for smallpox, anthrax or other infectious diseases that could be agents of bioterrorism? (law.com)
  • RICHARDSON, Texas (Oct. 22, 2001) - The University of Texas at Dallas (UTD) will host a symposium about biological warfare and bioterrorism - particularly focusing on the recent anthrax outbreaks - Friday, Oct. 26, from 10 to 11:30 a.m. in Room JO 4.614 of the Jonsson Building on the UTD campus. (utdallas.edu)
  • WASHINGTON (AP) -- Testing of potential new vaccines against anthrax and the Ebola virus and basic research on how the immune system fends off invaders top the government's plans for how to spend some $1.2 billion in bioterrorism research funding. (ucla.edu)
  • But the NIH on Thursday unveiled its plans to explain the mesh of basic laboratory research and clinical studies necessary for battling the most worrisome bioterrorism agents: anthrax, smallpox, plague, tularemia, viral hemorrhagic fevers and botulism. (ucla.edu)
  • A decade after envelopes containing anthrax terrorized the nation and alerted officials to the need to protect against bioterrorism, significant gaps remain in the nation's capacity to respond to a bioterrorism attack, according to an analysis released Thursday. (healthyamericans.org)
  • Now, with the additional looming threat of bioterrorism, Berkelman is using her public-health skills to lead a team of faculty, staff and students in programs of training, education and consultation to respond to biologic threats. (emory.edu)
  • INVADING Iraq may be one way to counter the threat of bioterrorism. (economist.com)
  • In late 2001 and 2002, researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health, working with a polling firm, International Communications Research, conducted four national and three regional telephone surveys of public opinion and knowledge about the threat of bioterrorism in the United States. (rwjf.org)
  • Bioterrorism is not a new threat. (cdc.gov)
  • The United States faces a grave and growing threat from bioterrorism. (allnurses.com)
  • Bioterrorism is a real threat to our country. (archives.gov)
  • I conclude that agro-bioterrorism is a real threat, but more to markets than to human health. (umn.edu)
  • Under the Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act, entities that possess, use, or transfer agents or toxins deemed a severe threat to animal or plant health or products must notify and register with the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). (usda.gov)
  • Under the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness Response Act, entities that possess, use, or transfer toxins or agents deemed a threat to public health must register with the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). (usda.gov)
  • Unlike conventional terrorism, bioterrorism is not a "lights and sirens" kind of attack, said Margaret A. Hamburg, vice president for biological programs at the Nuclear Threat Initiative. (mit.edu)
  • 2012. "Tabletop Scenarios for Realism in Bioterrorism and Threat Preparedness. (degruyter.com)
  • Bioterrorism as a public health threat. (cdc.gov)
  • The threat of bioterrorism, long ignored and denied, has heightened over the past few years. (cdc.gov)
  • Today's world poses a triple threat to the American population: infectious diseases, contamination of food and water, and bioattacks (biowarfare or bioterrorism). (textbookx.com)
  • New Bioterrorism Novel: Who Will Be Infected by Smallpox Next? (bio-medicine.org)
  • Smallpox was eradicated in the 1970s, but new outbreaks could be seeded by bioterrorism or accidental release. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Response Act of 2002, signed into law by President Bush on June 12, authorizes the spending of $4.3 billion to improve public health preparedness, enhance controls on deadly biological agents, and protect the nation's food, medication, and drinking water supplies. (allnurses.com)
  • CSPI this week urged the FDA to reconsider two pending "interim final rules" governing food importation that CSPI says are so watered down that they fall short of what Congress intended when it passed comprehensive anti-bioterrorism legislation in 2002. (cspinet.org)
  • The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (Bioterrorism Act), section 307, added section 801(m) to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) to require that FDA receive prior notice for food imported or offered for import into the United States. (fda.gov)
  • Q. What is the Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002? (usda.gov)
  • This law is a subpart of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness Response Act of 2002, which was signed into law by the President on June 12, 2002. (usda.gov)
  • Since April 1, 2002 the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) has awarded $623 million to 59 State, territorial, and selected municipal offices of public health to upgrade the preparedness of the Nation's hospitals and collaborating entities to respond to bioterrorism. (hhs.gov)
  • Concerned about online marketing efforts that mislead and attempt to prey upon the public's anxiety about bioterrorism threats, the Federal Trade Commission sent warnings to Web site operators who tout dietary supplements and antibiotic remedies over the Internet. (law.com)
  • While the course focuses on bioterrorism planning, preparedness and response, it also has application for infectious disease outbreaks and other public health threats and emergencies. (teex.org)
  • This contract supports advanced research and development of a dual-purpose broad spectrum antibiotic with potential to treat illnesses caused by bioterrorism threats such as plague and tularemia, as well as certain life-threatening infections, known as Gram-negative infections, associated with prolonged hospitalization - the first such drug in 30 years. (phe.gov)
  • The contract support studies to evaluate the efficacy of GSK2251052 against bioterrorism threats, Phase II clinical trials using the drug to treat ventilator-associated pneumonia, and Phase III clinical trials using the drug to treat complicated intra-abdominal infections. (phe.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) define bioterrorism as 'the intentional release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs that can sicken or kill people, livestock, or crops. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • For a complete list of Bioterrorism agents, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website . (dc.gov)
  • The Johns Hopkins Biocontainment Unit is one of 10 regional centers across the country designed to respond to outbreaks of highly infectious diseases or bioterrorism attacks - whether from Ebola or the acute respiratory syndromes SARS or MERS. (baltimoresun.com)
  • The Texas Training Initiative for Emergency Response (T-TIER) is based on 14 benchmarks for bioterrorism planning and preparedness identified by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (teex.org)
  • My purpose is to consider how the events of September 11, 2001 have changed how we think about the world food system and the possibilities for agro-bioterrorism. (umn.edu)
  • Since the fall 2001 distribution of letters containing Bacillus anthracis spores via the US postal system, increased attention has been paid to the evaluation and management of bioterrorism-related illness. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Bioterrorism is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, toxins or other harmful agents to cause illness or death in people, animals, or plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • When planning responses to bioterrorism, there are a wide range of existing pathogens and toxins to consider, and untold genetically engineered organisms that might be encountered. (blogspot.com)
  • The problem is not limited to a bioterrorism outbreak as hospital and public health laboratories, confounded by inadequate and slow methodology for pathogen detection, often have difficulty identifying pathogens. (springer.com)
  • R. M. Atlas is at the Center for the Deterrence of Biowarfare and Bioterrorism at the University of Louisville, KY 40205, USA. (sciencemag.org)
  • and (2) established controls and procedures to monitor sub-recipient expenditures of Health Resources and Services Administration Bioterrorism Hospital Preparedness Program (the Program) funds. (hhs.gov)
  • Specifically, the law will address the three components needed to effectively combat bioterrorism: detection, treatment, and containment. (allnurses.com)
  • Individuals at least 2 years of age who have confirmed or suspected infection by a biodefense or bioterrorism agent, or an emerging infectious disease agent. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Individuals at least 2 years of age who have confirmed or suspected exposure to a biodefense or bioterrorism agent, an emerging infectious disease agent, or who have close exposure to an individual who is suspected of being infected with one of these agents. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • No national figure was trusted by a majority of respondents as a source of reliable information during a bioterrorism outbreak. (rwjf.org)
  • The Trilateral (US-Romania-Moldova) Civilian-Military Forum on Outbreak Response and Bioterrorism Investigation (ORBIT Forum), was held in Chisinau, Republic of Moldova, on 19-21 October 2010. (phe.gov)
  • The Trilateral (US-Romania-Moldova) Civilian-Military Forum on Outbreak Response and Bioterrorism Investigation follows on the heels of the Southern Caucasus Workshop on Public Health, Security, and Law Enforcement Partnership in Bio-Incident Pre-Planning and Response and the associated Southern Caucasus BioShield 2010 Tabletop Exercise held in Tbilisi, Georgia, 11-12 May 2010. (phe.gov)
  • A look at the facts surrounding the outbreak to determine if anything seems unusual or indicative of bioterrorism should suffice. (cdc.gov)
  • It is extremely important that emergency clinicians are able to recognize unusual illness patterns that could distinguish a natural outbreak from a bioterrorism attack. (ebmedicine.net)
  • Dans cette perspective, des gouvernements ont mis en place des programmes de vaccination sélectifs et adopté d'autres mesures de santé publique. (scielosp.org)
  • Further knowledge about diseases of bioterrorism concern and emerging infectious diseases may lead to more effective forms of therapy to prevent disease-related illnesses and deaths. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To apply standardized, documented, and carefully monitored evaluation and treatment methods for bioterrorism- and biodefense-related illnesses and emerging infectious diseases at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • OpTech also will couple the DNA aptamers to magnetic microbeads and demonstrate magnetic separation and purification of the bioterrorism agent simulants from natural water samples in conjunction with aptamer-fluorescent NP detection (i.e., sandwich bead assay). (sbir.gov)
  • Inspired by recent breakthroughs in genetics, Bay Area scientists are dialing up our inner strength to survive a bioterrorism attack. (mercurynews.com)
  • Exposure of laboratory workers to Francisella tularensis despite a bioterrorism procedure. (nih.gov)
  • The ORBIT Forum included awareness training and a tabletop exercise designed to evaluate policies and plans for prevention, deterrence, and response to bioterrorism incidents borne out of the convergence of criminal and terrorist networks. (phe.gov)
  • Therefore, infection with a bioterrorism agent in the District is required to be reported to the District of Columbia Department of Health (DC Health). (dc.gov)
  • After completion of a webquest about bioterrorism, students will be able to accurately demonstrate their knowledge of the seriousness of a biological terrorist attack, rates of infection, and the preventive measures of such an attack through a presentation to a pseudo city council. (eduref.org)
  • The present disclosure relates to a method of preventing or treating an infection caused by a bioterrorism agent, specifically to a method of increasing an immune response to a bioterrorism agent using an oligodeoxynucleotide including a CpG motif, and a method of enhancing the immunogenicity of a vaccine against a bioterrorism agent using an oligodeoxynucleotide including a CpG motif. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Based on chief complains, this system is designed to identify possible high priority bioterrorism agents such as Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis, Francisella tularensis, Clostridium botulinum. (dc.gov)
  • The Johns Hopkins Biocontainment Unit (BCU) team, which can provide front line care and treatment in the event of highly infectious diseases or bioterrorism attack holds periodic exercises like this one to train and prepare for patients who could otherwise potentially fuel an epidemic. (baltimoresun.com)
  • As a result of this event, the microbiology laboratory has incorporated flow charts directly into the bench procedures for several highly infectious agents that may be agents of bioterrorism. (nih.gov)
  • Pathogen identification is a crucial first defense against bioterrorism. (springer.com)
  • A new research center for preventing bioterrorism and the spread of infectious diseases will open at MSU with the aid of a $10 million federal grant. (abovetopsecret.com)
  • A bioterrorism attack is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs to cause illness or death. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Despite having a laboratory bioterrorism procedure in place and adhering to established laboratory protocol, 12 microbiology laboratory employees were exposed to Francisella tularensis and the identification of the organism was delayed due to lack of notification of the laboratory of the clinical suspicion of tularemia. (nih.gov)
  • A unique training program is preparing public health workers, physicians, hospital administrators and emergency responders to effectively respond to a bioterrorism incident. (teex.org)
  • 1) Microbial biology, including unraveling the genetic structure of each bioterrorism agent, to understand how the bugs cause disease. (ucla.edu)
  • Abstract Some bioterrorism agents cause disease at very low infective doses and their presence can be masked by the environment. (sbir.gov)
  • Animal Models for Assessing Countermeasures to Bioterrorism Agents evaluates how well the existing TMT-employed or candidate animal models reflect the pathophysiology, clinical picture, and treatment of human disease as related to the agents of interest. (nas.edu)
  • Symptoms associated with most bioterrorism agents can be difficult to differentiate from common childhood illnesses. (ebmedicine.net)
  • Bioterrorism: An unintended boost to public health? (ccjm.org)
  • Q. Why was the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness Response Act enacted? (usda.gov)
  • This law is designed to improve the ability of the United States to prevent, prepare for, and respond to bioterrorism and other public health emergencies that could threaten public health and safety or American agriculture. (usda.gov)
  • On June 12,2003, the Alameda County Public Health Department and Sandia National Laboratories/CA jointly conducted an exercise that used a Weapons of Mass Destruction-Decision Analysis Center (WMD-DAC) bioterrorism attack simulation to test the effectiveness of the county's emergency response plan. (unt.edu)
  • Help in developing public health and safety roles in responding to bioterrorism. (rutgers.edu)
  • Resources for 'First Responders' on bioterrorism and public safety. (rutgers.edu)
  • Congress has not yet voted on the Bush administration's proposal to award the National Institutes of Health that amount for bioterrorism work. (ucla.edu)
  • Members of Congress might have been targeted because Congress controls programs for bioterrorism. (blogspot.com)
  • We found that improvements are needed to ensure that bioterrorism program funds are efficiently and effectively utilized. (hhs.gov)
  • Potential applicants are encouraged to review information on the bioterrorism page of the NIAID Internet site. (nih.gov)
  • A new law provides funding to train health care professionals, including nurses, to prepare for and respond to bioterrorism. (allnurses.com)
  • Federal and state plans to respond to bioterrorism have run up against civil libertarians and a host of others who worry their rights will be trampled. (ucla.edu)
  • This includes laboratories, which were already known to the UN, as well as many other laboratories that had not previously taken part in such bioterrorism-related exercises. (dtu.dk)
  • The results of this joint effort include lessons learned both by the Alameda County officials regarding implementation of their bioterrorism response plan and by the Sandia representatives about conducting exercises of this type. (unt.edu)
  • Bioterrorism is the use of a biological weapon against civilian populations for the purpose of undermining morale and creating chaos. (coronetbooks.com)
  • However, concerns about the possible use of the virus as a weapon of bioterrorism have increased in recent years. (scielosp.org)
  • Two years later we really aren't where we ought to be in terms of readiness to handle the next bioterrorism event, whatever that may be," said co-author Matthew Wynia, M.D., associate professor of medicine at the University of Chicago and director of the American Medical Association's Institute for Ethics. (eurekalert.org)
  • 5) Hunting more rapid tests to diagnose if someone is infected with a bioterrorism agent. (ucla.edu)
  • Bioterrorism is inherently limited as a warfare tactic because of the uncontrollable nature of the agent involved. (coronetbooks.com)
  • Money is also allocated for hospital equipment and the training of health care workers, including nurses, to deal with bioterrorism. (allnurses.com)
  • The purpose of this program is to fund SBIR and STTR grants focused on organisms that may be used in bioterrorism activities. (nih.gov)
  • Physicians: To report Bioterrorism to the Department of Health, please immediately contact the Health Emergency Preparedness and Response Administration at (202) 671-4222. (dc.gov)
  • Summary and results of the joint WMD-DAC/Alameda County bioterrorism response plan exercise. (unt.edu)
  • Such research, particularly studies focusing on the immune system, brings an added bonus, said Dr. Anthony Fauci, the NIH's bioterrorism chief. (ucla.edu)