Biomedical and Dental Materials
Pit and Fissure Sealants
Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate
Glass Ionomer Cements
Dental Restoration, Permanent
Organically Modified Ceramics
Dental Care for Chronically Ill
Dental Care for Children
Lichen Planus, Oral
Dental Stress Analysis
Dental Care for Disabled
Light-Curing of Dental Adhesives
Dental Care for Aged
General Practice, Dental
Natural Language Processing
Education, Dental, Continuing
Information Storage and Retrieval
Education, Dental, Graduate
Dental Health Surveys
Abstracting and Indexing as Topic
Terminology as Topic
Practice Management, Dental
Unified Medical Language System
Comprehensive Dental Care
Health Education, Dental
Infection Control, Dental
Database Management Systems
Medical Subject Headings
Biological Science Disciplines
Dental Impression Materials
Dental Devices, Home Care
National Library of Medicine (U.S.)
Radiography, Dental, Digital
Dental Implantation, Endosseous
Dental Prosthesis Design
Dental Impression Technique
Dental Cavity Preparation
Dental Enamel Hypoplasia
Dental Restoration Failure
Medical Informatics Applications
Medical Informatics Computing
Dental Pulp Diseases
Pattern Recognition, Automated
Group Practice, Dental
Medical Waste Disposal
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
School Admission Criteria
Effects of alumina and zirconium dioxide particles on arachidonic acid metabolism and proinflammatory interleukin production in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid synovial cells. (1/3)We describe a model which can be used for in vitro biocompatibility assays of biomaterials. We studied the in vitro response of human osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes to Al2O3 or ZrO2 particles by analysing the production of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the metabolism of arachidonic acid via lipoxygenase and cyclo-oxygenase pathways. Our results show that, in these cells and under our experimental conditions, Al2O3 and ZrO2 did not significantly modify the synthesis of IL-1 and IL-6 or the metabolism of arachidonic acid. (+info)
Water-mediated signal multiplication with Y-shaped carbon nanotubes. (2/3)(+info)
Advances in anti-adhesive materials in preventing pelvic and abdominal post-operative adhesions. (3/3)(+info)
Symptoms may include sensitivity, discomfort, visible holes or stains on teeth, bad breath, and difficulty chewing or biting. If left untreated, dental caries can progress and lead to more serious complications such as abscesses, infections, and even tooth loss.
To prevent dental caries, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene habits, including brushing your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and using mouthwash regularly. Limiting sugary foods and drinks and visiting a dentist for regular check-ups can also help prevent the disease.
Dental caries is treatable through various methods such as fillings, crowns, root canals, extractions, and preventive measures like fissure sealants and fluoride applications. Early detection and prompt treatment are crucial to prevent further damage and restore oral health.
The exact cause of oral lichen planus is not known, but it is believed to be triggered by an allergic reaction or a viral or bacterial infection. It can affect anyone, but it is more common in women than men, and typically develops between the ages of 30 and 50.
The symptoms of oral lichen planus can vary from person to person, but they often include:
* Painful, inflamed lesions inside the mouth (on the tongue, lips, gums, or cheeks) that may be white, red, or purple in color.
* Burning sensation or stinging in the mouth.
* Difficulty eating or speaking due to pain and discomfort.
* Glossitis (inflammation of the tongue).
* Stomatitis (inflammation of the mouth).
* Ulcers or sores inside the mouth.
There is no cure for oral lichen planus, but there are several treatment options available to manage the symptoms and prevent complications. These may include:
* Topical medications (such as corticosteroids) applied directly to the affected areas in the mouth.
* Oral medications (such as antihistamines or immunosuppressants) to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system.
* Phototherapy (exposure to specific wavelengths of light) to promote healing and reduce inflammation.
* Laser therapy to remove lesions and promote healing.
* Dietary changes to avoid spicy or acidic foods that may irritate the mouth.
While oral lichen planus is not a life-threatening condition, it can have a significant impact on quality of life, causing pain, discomfort, and difficulty eating and speaking. If you suspect you may have oral lichen planus, it is important to consult a dentist or healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
1. Improper fit of dental restorations (fillings, crowns, etc.)
2. Inadequate sealing of dental implants
3. Loose or damaged dental restorations
4. Poor oral hygiene
5. Trauma to the mouth
6. Inadequate suction during dental procedures
Dental leakage can have significant consequences, including:
1. Bacterial contamination of the surgical site
2. Delayed healing
3. Increased risk of post-operative complications
4. Decreased success rate of dental procedures
5. Potential for infection or other adverse events
To minimize the risk of dental leakage, dentists should:
1. Use proper technique and instrumentation during dental procedures
2. Ensure proper fit and sealing of dental restorations
3. Maintain proper oral hygiene before and after dental procedures
4. Use adequate suction during dental procedures
5. Monitor the surgical site for signs of leakage or other complications.
Early detection and treatment of dental leakage can help prevent serious complications and ensure a successful outcome for dental procedures.
Plaque is a key risk factor for dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal disease, which can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. In addition, research suggests that there may be a link between oral bacteria and certain systemic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. Therefore, maintaining good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing and flossing, is essential to prevent the accumulation of plaque and promote overall health.
There are two types of fluorosis:
1. Mild fluorosis: This type is characterized by white or brown spots or streaks on the surface of the teeth.
2. Severe fluorosis: This type is characterized by pitting or roughening of the tooth enamel, which can lead to cavities or structural weakness in the teeth.
Fluorosis is typically diagnosed through a visual examination of the teeth. In some cases, X-rays may be used to assess the severity of the condition. There is no specific treatment for fluorosis, but there are ways to manage its symptoms. For mild cases, regular cleaning and polishing of the teeth can help remove any stains or discoloration. In severe cases, dental fillings or crowns may be necessary to restore the damaged teeth.
Preventing fluorosis is much easier than treating it, so it's important to take steps to limit your child's exposure to excessive amounts of fluoride. This includes:
* Using fluoride toothpaste in appropriate amounts (a pea-sized amount for children under 3 years old and a portion the size of a grain of rice for children 3-6 years old)
* Limiting the consumption of fluoridated drinks, such as bottled water or formula, especially for infants
* Using a fluoride-free toothpaste for children under 3 years old
* Monitoring your child's fluoride intake and consulting with your dentist or healthcare provider if you have concerns.
Some common types of tooth diseases include:
1. Caries (cavities): A bacterial infection that causes the decay of tooth enamel, leading to holes or cavities in the teeth.
2. Periodontal disease (gum disease): An infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth, including the gums, periodontal ligament, and jawbone.
3. Tooth sensitivity: Pain or discomfort when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages due to exposed dentin or gum recession.
4. Dental abscesses: Infections that can cause pain, swelling, and pus in the teeth and gums.
5. Tooth erosion: Wear away of the tooth enamel caused by acidic foods and drinks or certain medical conditions.
6. Tooth grinding (bruxism): The habit of grinding or clenching the teeth, which can cause wear on the teeth, jaw pain, and headaches.
7. Dental malocclusion: Misalignment of the teeth, which can cause difficulty chewing, speaking, and other oral health problems.
8. Tooth loss: Loss of one or more teeth due to decay, gum disease, injury, or other causes.
Prevention and treatment of tooth diseases usually involve good oral hygiene practices such as brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups. In some cases, more advanced treatments such as fillings, crowns, root canals, or extractions may be necessary.
Some common examples of stomatognathic diseases include:
1. Periodontal disease: A bacterial infection that affects the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums and bone.
2. Dental caries: Tooth decay caused by bacteria that produce acid, which can damage the tooth structure.
3. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder: Pain or dysfunction in the joint that connects the jawbone to the skull.
4. Oral cancer: Cancer that affects the mouth, tongue, lips, or throat.
5. Malocclusion: A misalignment of the teeth or jaws that can cause difficulty chewing or speaking.
6. Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums that can lead to periodontal disease if left untreated.
7. Dry mouth (xerostomia): A decrease in saliva production that can increase the risk of dental caries and other oral health problems.
8. Oral thrush: A fungal infection that affects the mouth, causing white patches to form on the tongue, inner cheeks, and gums.
9. Burning mouth syndrome: A condition characterized by a burning sensation in the mouth without any visible signs of injury or infection.
10. Oral lichen planus: An inflammatory condition that affects the mucous membranes in the mouth, causing white patches and pain.
Stomatognathic diseases can be diagnosed through a combination of medical and dental examinations, including X-rays, blood tests, and biopsies. Treatment options vary depending on the specific condition but may include medication, surgery, or lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications and stress management techniques.
Early detection and treatment of stomatognathic diseases are essential to prevent further complications and improve quality of life. Regular dental check-ups and screenings can help identify potential issues before they become more severe, and a multidisciplinary approach involving dentists, oral surgeons, and other healthcare professionals may be necessary for optimal management.
Note: The word "toothache" refers to pain in one or more teeth, and not to general gum pain or discomfort.
1. Congenital abnormalities: These are present at birth and may be caused by genetic factors or environmental influences during fetal development. Examples include hypodontia (absence of one or more teeth), hyperdontia (extra teeth), or anodontia (absence of all teeth).
2. Acquired abnormalities: These can occur at any time during life, often as a result of trauma, infection, or other conditions. Examples include tooth decay, gum disease, or tooth wear and tear.
3. Developmental abnormalities: These occur during the development of teeth and may be caused by genetic factors, nutritional deficiencies, or exposure to certain medications or chemicals. Examples include enamel hypoplasia (thinning of tooth enamel) or peg-shaped teeth.
4. Structural abnormalities: These are irregularities in the shape or structure of teeth, such as anomalies in the size, shape, or position of teeth. Examples include crowded or misaligned teeth, or teeth that do not erupt properly.
5. Dental caries (tooth decay): This is a bacterial infection that causes the breakdown of tooth structure, often leading to cavities and tooth loss if left untreated.
6. Periodontal disease: This is an inflammatory condition that affects the supporting tissues of teeth, including the gums and bone, and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.
7. Tooth wear: This refers to the wear and tear of teeth over time, often due to habits such as bruxism (teeth grinding) or acid reflux.
8. Dental anomalies: These are rare, genetic conditions that affect the development and structure of teeth, such as peg-shaped teeth or geminated teeth (two teeth fused together).
These are just a few examples of tooth abnormalities, and there are many more conditions that can affect the health and appearance of teeth. Regular dental check-ups can help detect and address any issues early on to ensure good oral health.
The most common symptoms of dental enamel hypoplasia are yellow or brown discoloration of the teeth, sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks, and an increased risk of cavities.
Treatment for dental enamel hypoplasia typically involves restorative procedures such as fillings, crowns, or veneers to repair and protect the affected teeth. In severe cases, extraction of the damaged teeth may be necessary. Preventive measures such as good oral hygiene practices, a balanced diet, and avoiding harmful substances like tobacco and excessive sugars can also help manage the condition.
Early detection and treatment of dental enamel hypoplasia are crucial to prevent further damage and improve the appearance and function of the teeth. Dentists may use specialized techniques such as radiographs and clinical examinations to diagnose this condition and recommend appropriate treatments.
There are different types of dental calculus, including:
1. Supragingival calculus - found above the gum line and is more common.
2. Subgingival calculus - found below the gum line and is less common but more difficult to remove.
3. Interdental calculus - found between teeth and is common in people with tightly spaced teeth.
4. Cemental calculus - found on the root surface of teeth and is less common.
Dental calculus can cause a range of problems, including:
1. Gingivitis - inflammation of the gums that can lead to redness, swelling, and bleeding.
2. Periodontitis - more advanced stage of gingivitis that can cause bone loss, receding gums, and eventual tooth loss.
3. Halitosis - bad breath.
4. Tooth sensitivity - sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks.
5. Difficulty chewing or biting.
Removing dental calculus is an important part of maintaining good oral health, and can be done through a variety of methods, including:
1. Professional cleaning by a dentist or hygienist.
2. Brushing with fluoride toothpaste and flossing regularly to remove plaque before it hardens into calculus.
3. Using an antibacterial mouthwash to kill bacteria that can contribute to calculus formation.
4. Avoiding sugary or acidic foods and drinks, which can contribute to the formation of plaque and calculus.
In conclusion, dental calculus is a common problem that can cause a range of oral health issues, but it can be prevented and treated through regular maintenance and good oral hygiene practices. It is important to visit a dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings to ensure the best possible oral health.
Types of Dental Pulp Diseases:
1. Pulpal necrosis: This is a condition where the dental pulp becomes damaged or dies due to injury, infection, or exposure to extreme temperatures.
2. Dental abscess: A bacterial infection that can cause pain, swelling, and pus formation in the tooth and surrounding tissues.
3. Periapical granuloma: A non-cancerous inflammatory response to a pulpal or periodontal infection.
4. Periapical cyst: A fluid-filled sac that forms as a result of the inflammatory response to a pulpal or periodontal infection.
5. Radiculitis: Inflammation of the nerves that extend from the tooth into the jawbone and skull, causing pain and swelling.
6. Osteonecrosis: A condition where the jawbone dies due to a lack of blood supply, often caused by a dental infection or trauma.
7. Periodontal disease: A bacterial infection that affects the gums and supporting tissues of the teeth, leading to inflammation and damage to the gum and bone tissues.
Symptoms of Dental Pulp Diseases:
1. Toothache or sensitivity to temperature changes
2. Swelling and redness in the gums and surrounding tissues
3. Pain when chewing or biting
4. Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
5. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck or jaw
6. Fever and general feeling of illness
Treatment Options for Dental Pulp Diseases:
1. Root canal treatment: A procedure to remove the infected dental pulp, clean and disinfect the inside of the tooth, and fill the tooth with a special material.
2. Extraction: Removal of the affected tooth if the infection is severe or if the tooth cannot be saved.
3. Antibiotics: Medication to treat bacterial infections, such as abscesses or periapical infections.
4. Pain management: Over-the-counter pain medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help manage toothache pain and inflammation.
5. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue or repair damaged tissues.
Prevention of Dental Pulp Diseases:
1. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings to catch any problems early on and prevent infections from developing.
2. Good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and flossing once a day, to remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth.
3. Avoid sugary or acidic foods and drinks that can damage the teeth and lead to infections.
4. Wear a mouthguard when participating in sports to protect the teeth from injury.
5. Avoid smoking and using tobacco products, which can increase the risk of dental pulp diseases.
Early diagnosis and treatment of dental pulp diseases are crucial to preventing more severe complications and preserving the affected tooth. If you suspect that you have a dental pulp disease, it is essential to visit a dentist as soon as possible for proper evaluation and treatment.
There are several types of tooth injuries that can occur, including:
1. Tooth fractures: A crack or break in a tooth, which can vary in severity from a small chip to a more extensive crack or split.
2. Tooth avulsions: The complete loss of a tooth due to trauma, often caused by a blow to the mouth or face.
3. Tooth intrusions: When a tooth is pushed into the jawbone or gum tissue.
4. Tooth extrusions: When a tooth is forced out of its socket.
5. Soft tissue injuries: Damage to the lips, cheeks, tongue, or other soft tissues of the mouth.
6. Alveolar bone fractures: Fractures to the bone that surrounds the roots of the teeth.
7. Dental luxation: The displacement of a tooth from its normal position within the jawbone.
8. Tooth embedded in the skin or mucous membrane: When a tooth becomes lodged in the skin or mucous membrane of the mouth.
Treatment for tooth injuries depends on the severity of the injury and can range from simple restorative procedures, such as fillings or crowns, to more complex procedures, such as dental implants or bone grafting. In some cases, urgent medical attention may be necessary to prevent further complications or tooth loss.
The main cause of DPC is the deposition of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals in the dental pulp, which leads to the formation of a hard, chalky material called dental calculus (tartar). This can occur as a result of poor oral hygiene, smoking, or other factors that increase the risk of dental caries and periodontal disease.
DPC is usually diagnosed through X-ray imaging, and treatment options include professional dental cleaning, antibiotics, and in severe cases, extraction of the affected tooth. It is important to address DPC as soon as possible to prevent further damage and potentially avoid more invasive procedures.
Preventative measures for DPC include regular brushing and flossing, using a fluoride mouthwash, and visiting the dentist regularly for cleanings and check-ups. Early detection and treatment of DPC can help to prevent long-term complications such as pulp necrosis, abscesses, and bone loss.
It is important to note that Dental Pulp Calcification is a relatively rare condition but it can be a significant cause of tooth pain and discomfort. If you experience any symptoms such as sensitivity or pain in your teeth, you should consult with a dentist for proper diagnosis and treatment.
There are several types of periodontal diseases, including:
1. Gingivitis: This is the mildest form of periodontal disease, characterized by redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. It is reversible with proper treatment and good oral hygiene.
2. Periodontitis: This is a more severe form of periodontal disease, characterized by the destruction of the periodontal ligament and the jawbone. It can cause teeth to become loose or fall out.
3. Advanced periodontitis: This is the most severe form of periodontal disease, characterized by extensive bone loss and severe gum damage.
4. Periodontal abscess: This is a pocket of pus that forms in the gum tissue as a result of the infection.
5. Peri-implantitis: This is a condition that affects the tissues surrounding dental implants, similar to periodontal disease.
The causes and risk factors for periodontal diseases include:
1. Poor oral hygiene
4. Genetic predisposition
5. Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause
6. Poor diet
8. Certain medications
The symptoms of periodontal diseases can include:
1. Redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums
2. Bad breath
3. Loose teeth or teeth that feel like they are shifting in their sockets
4. Pus between the teeth and gums
5. Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting down
Treatment for periodontal diseases typically involves a combination of professional cleaning, antibiotics, and changes to oral hygiene habits at home. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue and restore the health of the teeth and gums.
Preventing periodontal diseases includes:
1. Brushing teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
2. Flossing once a day to remove plaque from between the teeth
3. Using an antibacterial mouthwash
4. Eating a balanced diet and avoiding sugary or acidic foods
5. Quitting smoking
6. Maintaining regular dental check-ups and cleanings.
1. Tooth decay (cavities): A bacterial infection that causes tooth enamel to break down, leading to holes in the teeth.
2. Periodontal disease: An infection of the gums and bone that support the teeth, caused by bacteria.
3. Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums, usually caused by poor oral hygiene or smoking.
4. Oral thrush: A fungal infection of the mouth, typically affecting people with weakened immune systems.
5. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections: Viral infections that cause sores on the lips, tongue, or gums.
6. Cold sores: Caused by the herpes simplex virus, these are small, painful blisters that appear on the lips, nose, or mouth.
7. Canker sores: Small, shallow ulcers that develop on the inside of the mouth, tongue, lips, or gums.
8. Leukoplakia: A condition where thick, white patches form on the insides of the mouth, usually due to excessive tobacco use or other irritants.
9. Oral cancer: Cancer that develops in any part of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, gums, or throat.
10. Dry mouth (xerostomia): A condition where the mouth does not produce enough saliva, which can increase the risk of tooth decay and other problems.
These are just a few examples of mouth diseases. It's important to maintain good oral hygiene and visit a dentist regularly to help prevent these conditions and ensure early detection and treatment if they do occur.
Dental deposits refer to the accumulation of plaque, tartar, and other substances on the teeth and dental restorations. These deposits can lead to various oral health problems, such as tooth decay, gum disease, and bad breath. Dental deposits can be removed through regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings.
Types of Dental Deposits:
There are several types of dental deposits that can accumulate on the teeth and dental restorations, including:
1. Plaque: A sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and can lead to tooth decay and gum disease.
2. Tartar (calculus): A hard, yellowish deposit that forms on the teeth and dental restorations, made up of mineralized plaque.
3. Stains: Discoloration of the teeth due to various factors such as smoking, coffee, tea, or certain medications.
4. Biofilm: A complex community of microorganisms that adhere to the surfaces of the teeth and dental restorations, which can contribute to the development of periodontal disease.
Effects of Dental Deposits:
Dental deposits can have a significant impact on oral health if left untreated. Some of the effects of dental deposits include:
1. Tooth Decay: The accumulation of plaque and tartar on the teeth can lead to tooth decay, which can cause pain, sensitivity, and potentially lead to tooth loss.
2. Gum Disease: Plaque and tartar can also contribute to the development of gum disease, which can cause inflammation, bleeding, and receding gums.
3. Bad Breath: Dental deposits can cause bad breath (halitosis), which can be embarrassing and affect an individual's self-confidence.
4. Tooth Discoloration: Stains on the teeth can cause discoloration, which can make the teeth appear yellow or brown.
5. Increased Risk of Dental Caries: Dental deposits can provide a conducive environment for the growth of cariogenic bacteria, which can increase the risk of dental caries.
6. Difficulty Chewing and Speaking: Advanced periodontal disease can cause teeth to become loose or fall out, making it difficult to chew and speak properly.
7. Self-Esteem Issues: Poor oral health can affect an individual's self-esteem and confidence, which can impact their overall quality of life.
8. Systemic Diseases: There is evidence that suggests a link between periodontal disease and systemic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory disease.
Prevention of Dental Deposits:
Preventing dental deposits is essential for maintaining good oral health. Some ways to prevent dental deposits include:
1. Brushing and Flossing: Regular brushing and flossing can help remove plaque and tartar from the teeth, reducing the risk of dental deposits.
2. Dietary Changes: Avoiding sugary and starchy foods, drinking plenty of water, and consuming a balanced diet can help prevent the formation of dental deposits.
3. Professional Cleaning: Regular professional cleaning by a dentist or hygienist can remove tartar and plaque that is difficult to remove with brushing and flossing alone.
4. Fluoride Treatment: Fluoride treatment can help strengthen teeth and prevent the formation of dental deposits.
5. Salivary Substitutes: For individuals with dry mouth, salivary substitutes can help stimulate saliva production and reduce the risk of dental deposits.
6. Oral Rinses: Using an oral rinse can help remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth and gums.
7. Tobacco Cessation: Quitting tobacco use can help improve oral health and reduce the risk of dental deposits.
8. Regular Dental Check-Ups: Regular dental check-ups can help identify early signs of dental deposits and prevent more serious problems from developing.
Overbite: This occurs when the upper teeth overlap the lower teeth too much.
Underbite: This happens when the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth too much.
Crossbite: This is when the upper teeth do not align with the lower teeth, causing them to point towards the inside of the mouth.
Open bite: This occurs when the upper and lower teeth do not meet properly, resulting in a gap or an open bite.
Overjet: This is when the upper teeth protrude too far forward, overlapping the lower teeth.
Crowding: This refers to when there is not enough space in the mouth for all the teeth to fit properly, leading to overlapping or misalignment.
Spacing: This occurs when there is too much space between the teeth, which can lead to gum problems and other issues.
Each type of malocclusion can cause a range of symptoms, including difficulty chewing, jaw pain, headaches, and difficulty opening and closing the mouth fully. Treatment options for malocclusion depend on the severity of the problem and may include orthodontic braces, aligners, or surgery to correct the bite and improve oral function and aesthetics.
Tooth erosion can lead to sensitive teeth, pain, and discomfort when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages. In severe cases, it can cause teeth to appear yellow or brown, become brittle and prone to breaking, or even result in tooth loss.
To prevent tooth erosion, good oral hygiene practices such as regular brushing and flossing, avoiding acidic foods and drinks, and using a fluoride-based toothpaste can help protect teeth from acid wear. Dental sealants or varnishes may also be applied to the teeth to provide extra protection against erosion.
If tooth erosion has already occurred, dental treatments such as fillings, crowns, or veneers may be necessary to repair damaged teeth. In severe cases, teeth may need to be extracted and replaced with dental implants or bridges.
Etymology: [O.E. mund, mouth + L. dentatus, toothed.]
Synonyms: Toothless mouth.
Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, 1913
In layman's terms, this definition is saying that a mouth, edentulous refers to a mouth without teeth. This can be due to various reasons such as tooth loss due to decay, injury, or other factors. The term is used in the medical field, specifically in dentistry, to describe a patient who requires dentures or other prosthetic devices to replace missing teeth.
In conclusion, mouth, edentulous is a medical term used to describe a toothless mouth, and it is commonly used in dentistry to identify patients who require dentures or other prosthetic devices to restore their dental health.
Taipei Medical University
Root analogue dental implant
Aesthetic anterior composite restoration
List of MeSH codes
Lizymol Philipose Pamadykandathil
Glass ionomer cement
List of materials science journals
University of Birmingham Medical School
Mechanical properties of biomaterials
Derek W. Jones
Tokyo Medical and Dental University
UCL Medical School
University of New England (United States)
Catholic University of Portugal
University Clinical Aptitude Test
2008 Birthday Honours
List of Ig Nobel Prize winners
History of medicine
List of International Organization for Standardization standards, 1-1999
Stony Brook University
1998 New Year Honours
BioMedical Admissions Test
Geoff Richards (professor)
Lucile Eleanor St. Hoyme
New York University Tandon School of Engineering
Polymerase chain reaction
MeSH Coming Attractions. NLM Technical Bulletin. Sep-Oct 1998
Subjects: Biomedical and Dental Materials - Digital Collections - National Library of Medicine Search Results
Biomaterial investigations in dentistry. - NLM Catalog - NCBI
DeCS - Edição 2006
The Role of Epigenetic Functionalization of Implants and Biomaterials in Osseointegration and Bone Regeneration-A Review -...
Advanced Search Results - Public Health Image Library(PHIL)
Biomaterial investigations in dentistry. - NLM Catalog - NCBI
ADASRI Applied Research and Science Strategy | American Dental Association
News - Biomedical Engineering - The University of Memphis
Photonics | Special Issue : Light as a Cure: Photobiomodulation, from the Cell to the Clinical Application
Dental Materials & Biomaterials Program | National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research
Polyglycolic Acid | Harvard Catalyst Profiles | Harvard Catalyst
Regina Messer - Faculty Profile
NOT-HD-16-015: Clarification of NIH Policy on Post-Submission Application Materials for PAR-16-106 "Rapid Assessment of Zika...
SciELO RevOdonto - revodonto.bvsalud.org
Effect of Exposure to Acidic Food Items on Dentin Characteristics: An ATR-FTIR Study
Cell Adhesion to Biomaterials: Concept of Biocompatibility | IntechOpen
TMU Research Center of Biomedical Devices - Research output - Taipei Medical University
Assessment of Dental Age of Children Aged 3.5 to 16.9 Years Using Demirjian's Method: A Meta-Analysis Based on 26 Studies |...
Portal Regional da BVS
- The Dental Materials and Biomaterials Program supports development of innovative approaches to restore tissue function by replacement and/or enhancement of dental, oral and craniofacial tissues compromised by trauma or disease. (nih.gov)
- NIDCR encourages basic and translational extramural research in dental materials, medical devices, biosensors, imaging, dental implants, biocompatibility of dental materials, and biomaterials for craniofacial restoration and reconstruction. (nih.gov)
- 16. Bhaduri SB, Bhaduri S. Biomaterials for dental apliccations. (bvsalud.org)
- The Open Biomaterials Science Journal is an Open Access online journal, which publishes Research, Case Studies, Reviews/ Mini-review and Letter articles in the field of biomaterials, biomedical device application, bioengineering, tissue engineering and medical items, aiming at providing the most complete and reliable source of information on current developments in the field. (openbiomaterialssciencejournal.com)
- Design and synthesis of phoreactive polymers for biomedical applications -- 12. (stanford.edu)
- His areas of interest include orthodontic materials, composite and zirconia restorative materials, antimicrobial materials, additive manufacturing in dentistry, and research dissemination and communications. (ada.org)
- Students in the Faculties of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of British Columbia used to take a joint biomedical curriculum, even though a 2010 assessment of the program found that only 47% of the material was "need to know. (dentistrytoday.com)
- Adam Roye, dentistry student, will present "Management of an Aberrant Maxillary Labial Frenum in Conjunction with Orthodontic Therapy" and Dr. Michael Roach, associate professor of dentistry in the Department of Biomedical Materials Science, will present "Surface Factors Influencing Bacterial Attachment and Bone Integration for Titanium Implant Materials" as part of Dental Grand Rounds at 8 a.m. on Tuesday, Dec. 13, in classroom R153 (lower amphitheatre). (umc.edu)
- A biocompatible polymer used as a surgical suture material. (harvard.edu)
- 16. Antibacterial surfaces for biomedical devices. (nih.gov)
- These nanocrystalline cellulose-based biomedical materials are widely utilized in medical implants, drug delivery systems, wound healing, tissue engineering, cardiovascular disease, and antibacterial/antimicrobial activities. (elsevier.com)
- Nanostructured selenium- a novel biologically-inspired material for antibacterial medical device applications -- 9. (stanford.edu)
- Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself. (uchicago.edu)
- Nanocrystalline cellulose is a renewable nanomaterial that has gained a lot of attention for its use as a biomedical material due to its exceptional physical and biological properties, such as surface chemistry, low toxicity, biodegradability, and biocompatibility. (elsevier.com)
- Selection of outstanding student designs was based on scores by the Biomedical Engineering Advisory Board members during the Spring senior design presentations. (memphis.edu)
- Strategy for a biomimetic paradigm in dental and craniofacial tissue engineering -- 7. (stanford.edu)
- Biomimetic materials for engineering stem cells and tissues. (stanford.edu)
- 15. Biofilm formation on dental restorative and implant materials. (nih.gov)
- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the change of the surface micro-hardness of different restorative CAD/CAM materials after exposure to a carbonated acidic drink (Coca-Cola, Coca-Cola Company, Milan, Italy). (littlelily.com)
- Rank the hardness of dentin and enamel with respect to common dental restorative materials, and explain why caution is warranted in the comparison of Knoop and nano-hardness values. (littlelily.com)
- In Craig's Restorative Dental Materials (Thirteenth Edition), 2012. (littlelily.com)
- Purpose: To evaluate the effect of composition, fabrication mode, and thermal cycling on the mechanical properties of different polymeric systems used for temporary dental prostheses. (nyu.edu)
- Conclusion: Composition and fabrication mode and thermal cycling significantly affected the mechanical properties of polymeric systems used for temporary dental prostheses. (nyu.edu)
- 6. Evaluation of antimicrobial effects of novel implant materials by testing the prevention of biofilm formation using a simple small scale medium-throughput growth inhibition assay. (nih.gov)
- Knoop has been used for a wider range of materials, from amalgam and ceramics to resin-based composites, but is also useful for materials that vary in hardness over an area of interest, such as enamel and dentin. (littlelily.com)
- The NIH policy on post-submission application materials specifies that, for the majority of applications, the only post-submission materials that the NIH will accept are those resulting from unforeseen administrative issues. (nih.gov)
- Therefore, for applications submitted to PAR-16-106 , post-submission materials must be received by the Scientific Review Officer (SRO) no later than 15 calendar days prior to the review meeting and must meet all the other requirements described in NOT-OD-13-030 . (nih.gov)
- Porous low modulus Ti40Nb compacts with electrodeposited hydroxyapatite coating for biomedical applications. (uchicago.edu)
- A. These mechanical properties of brittle dental materials are important for the dentist to understand in designing a restoration or making adjustments to a prosthesis. (littlelily.com)
- His research focuses on the synthesis, processing, characterization, and application of biomedical materials and dental devices. (ada.org)
- The ADASRI Department of Applied Research delivers consumer value via the ADA Seal of Acceptance Program and professional value via dental product evaluation and ANSI/ADA standards methods development in its Chicago laboratories. (ada.org)
- She studies and tests in vitro oral biofilm models for assessment of antimicrobial and cytotoxic properties of dental products and materials. (ada.org)
- Background A method for assessing dental maturity in different populations was first developed in 1973 by Demirjian and has been widely used and accepted since then. (plos.org)
- Among these proposed methods, one of the most widely applied methods for ascertaining dental age is the eight stage system introduced by Demirjian et al. (plos.org)
- Materials and Methods: Electronic and manual searches of the literature in PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE were conducted, using a specific search strategy limited to publications in the last 5 years to identify preclinical studies in order to address the following focused questions: (i) Which, if any, are the epigenetic mechanisms used to functionalize implant surfaces to achieve better osseointegration? (nih.gov)
- In addition to supervising the department's researchers, she manages the department's laboratory testing of dental materials and devices, ANSI/ADA standards methods development, and ADA Seal of Acceptance certification of over-the-counter oral health care products. (ada.org)
- Dr. Prerna Gopal leads the ADASRI's efforts to develop new innovative methods for evaluating safety and efficacy of dental products. (ada.org)
- Various methods employed for determining dental age are based on the degree of the calcification observed in radiographic examinations of permanent teeth [ 10 - 14 ]. (plos.org)
- Dec 10, 2020 To measure the chemical composition, Knoop hardness, surface roughness, and composite bond strength of additive manufactured (AM) and conventional interim materials. (littlelily.com)
Compared to children's1
- While the accuracy for evaluating dental age using Demirjian's method compared to children's chronological age has been extensively studied in recent years, the results currently available remain controversial and ambiguous. (plos.org)
- The two major approaches used to estimate dental age are the stage of tooth eruption in the oral cavity and the pattern of tooth development observed in radiographs [ 5 , 6 ]. (plos.org)
- Coated Materials, Biocompatible" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (uchicago.edu)
- This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Coated Materials, Biocompatible" by people in this website by year, and whether "Coated Materials, Biocompatible" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (uchicago.edu)
- Below are the most recent publications written about "Coated Materials, Biocompatible" by people in Profiles. (uchicago.edu)
- These findings imply that ATR-FTIR may be an effective noninvasive technique for detecting erosion-induced changes in dentin, having a significant clinical impact on dental care. (hindawi.com)
- Dtsch Zahnarztl Z. At present, there is no systematic review, which supports the clinicians' criteria, in the selection of a specific material over another for a particular clinical situation. (littlelily.com)
- Provisional restorations represent an important phase during the rehabilitation process, knowledge of the mechanical properties of the available materials allows us to predict their clinical performance. (littlelily.com)
- Advanced manufacturing of microdisk vaccines for uniform control of material properties and immune cell function. (harvard.edu)
- While the compressive and bending forces that comprise the bite force are known, mechanical properties of teeth due … Hardness is an important mechanical property of dental materials and is defined as the resistance to permanent surface indentation. (littlelily.com)
- NOT-OD-13-030 " Reminders and Updates: NIH Policy on Post-Submission Application Materials " provides policy guidance for post-submission application materials. (nih.gov)
- Post-submission application materials are those submitted after submission of the grant application but prior to the initial peer review. (nih.gov)
- Kristy Azzolin manages the operational activities at the ADASRI laboratory in Chicago, including helping to connect dental students and post-graduate researchers with internship opportunities. (ada.org)
- Yan J, Lou X, Xie L, Yu D, Shen G, Wang Y (2013) Assessment of Dental Age of Children Aged 3.5 to 16.9 Years Using Demirjian's Method: A Meta-Analysis Based on 26 Studies. (plos.org)
- The blueprint for the test was a grid, with horizontal rows representing different dental areas, and columns representing the assessment of patients. (dentistrytoday.com)
- Hardness is an important mechanical property of dental materials and is defined as the resistance to permanent surface indentation. (littlelily.com)
- Dr. Gopal's areas of interest include microbiology, dental materials, the ADA Seal of Acceptance, dental standards, and infection control. (ada.org)
- Lawrence's areas of interest include the ADA Seal of Acceptance, oral care products, and dental research. (ada.org)
- It is suitable to be applied to determine the hardness of small areas and for very hard materials. (littlelily.com)
- Overall, we found that Demirjian's method overestimated dental age by 0.35 (4.2 months) and 0.39 (4.68 months) years in males and females, respectively. (plos.org)
- Differences between underestimated dental ages and actual chronological ages were lower for male and female 15- and 16-year-old subgroups, though a significant difference was found in the 16-year-old subgroup. (plos.org)
- Within the limitations of this study, the 3D-printed resin materials were not found to release BPA. (jocpd.com)
- Furthermore, it provides an overview of the most recent advancements in nanocrystalline cellulose and their nanocomposites in the biomedical field. (elsevier.com)
- Conclusions Demirjian's method's overestimation of actual chronological tooth age reveals the need for population-specific standards to better estimate the rate of human dental maturation. (plos.org)
- Measuring the stage of dental eruption is not a currently preferred method because tooth eruption is a discontinuous process, in contrast to tooth calcification, which is an ongoing process [ 7 ]. (plos.org)
- Thus, tooth formation, for the reasons mentioned above, should be considered as a more reliable criterion for determining dental maturation than tooth eruption. (plos.org)
- Dental erosion (DE) is the depletion of the structure over time that results in the demineralization of the tooth [ 1 , 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
- Hardness of acrylic resin (VIV), composite resin (ORT) and porcelain (POR) denture tooth materials was measured using a traditional Vickers hardness (HV) method and Martens hardness (HM) method at 2, 10 and 50 N test loads. (littlelily.com)
- This study aimed to assess the release of BPA from commercially available 3-dimensional (3D)-printed resin materials and evaluate BPA-related apoptotic effects on human periodontal ligament cells and gingival fibroblasts. (jocpd.com)
- FTIR spectra were recorded pre and post curing and after thermal cycling to evaluate material composition and degree of conversion. (nyu.edu)
- The faculty examined dental competency documents from Canada and the United States to create the progress surveys. (dentistrytoday.com)
- However, dental maturity indicators have received more attention and are thought to be more useful indices of maturation since they exhibit less variability than other bone and skeletal tissues, which are more susceptible to exogenic factors, such as malnutrition or systematic diseases [ 3 , 4 ]. (plos.org)
- Dentin is largely organic, as opposed to enamel, which is primarily mineral with traces of collagen, organic material, and water [ 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
- The changes in learning also required changes in how that learning was being measured, which can be difficult in professional schools like dental schools that focus on competency-based education. (dentistrytoday.com)
- She is actively involved in research and development of dental standards and manages the scientific operation of the ADA Seal of Acceptance program. (ada.org)
- It is generally accepted that several indicators of somatic development, including skeletal, dental and menarche ages, somatic maturity, sexual maturation, body height and weight, can be used to determine the chronological age and to assess the growth and development of children [ 2 ]. (plos.org)
- Material Safety Data Sheet. (cdc.gov)