Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.
Substances used in biomedicine or dentistry predominantly for their physical, as opposed to chemical, properties.
An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
Polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then harden to form useful components.
Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.
The reaction product of bisphenol A and glycidyl methacrylate that undergoes polymerization when exposed to ultraviolet light or mixed with a catalyst. It is used as a bond implant material and as the resin component of dental sealants and composite restorative materials.
Composite materials composed of an ion-leachable glass embedded in a polymeric matrix. They differ from GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS in that partially silanized glass particles are used to provide a direct bond to the resin matrix and the matrix is primarily formed by a light-activated, radical polymerization reaction.
Use for articles concerning dental education in general.
A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.
A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.
Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Zirconium. A rather rare metallic element, atomic number 40, atomic weight 91.22, symbol Zr. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Non-steroidal compounds with estrogenic activity.
The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.
Organic-inorganic hybrid polymers developed primarily for DENTAL RESTORATION. They typically contain a defined mixture of ORGANOSILICON COMPOUNDS; CERAMICS; and organic POLYMERS.
Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.
Compounds which contain the methyl radical substituted with two benzene rings. Permitted are any substituents, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.
Inorganic compounds that contain phosphorus as an integral part of the molecule.
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.
Poly-2-methylpropenoic acids. Used in the manufacture of methacrylate resins and plastics in the form of pellets and granules, as absorbent for biological materials and as filters; also as biological membranes and as hydrogens. Synonyms: methylacrylate polymer; poly(methylacrylate); acrylic acid methyl ester polymer.
Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Oral lesions accompanying cutaneous lichen planus or often occurring alone. The buccal mucosa, lips, gingivae, floor of the mouth, and palate are usually affected (in a descending order of frequency). Typically, oral lesions consist of radiating white or gray, velvety, threadlike lines, arranged in a reticular pattern, at the intersection of which there may be minute, white, elevated dots or streaks (Wickham's striae). (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry)
Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.
A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.
Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.
A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).
The hardening or polymerization of bonding agents (DENTAL CEMENTS) via exposure to light.
The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.
Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.
Insurance providing coverage for dental care.
The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)
Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.
Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)
The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Application of principles and practices of engineering science to biomedical research and health care.
Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.
The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.
Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.
The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)
An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.
Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.
Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.
A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.
The application of technology to the solution of medical problems.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.
Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.
Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.
Hospital department providing dental care.
Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.
Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.
A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
The granting of a license to practice dentistry.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.
Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
The use of technology-based interventions to improve functional capacities rather than to treat disease.
Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.
The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.
Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.
Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.
Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.
Any waste product generated by a dental office, surgery, clinic, or laboratory including amalgams, saliva, and rinse water.
The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.
Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.
An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)
Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.
The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.
The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.
A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.
The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).
The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.
The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
A type of porcelain used in dental restorations, either jacket crowns or inlays, artificial teeth, or metal-ceramic crowns. It is essentially a mixture of particles of feldspar and quartz, the feldspar melting first and providing a glass matrix for the quartz. Dental porcelain is produced by mixing ceramic powder (a mixture of quartz, kaolin, pigments, opacifiers, a suitable flux, and other substances) with distilled water. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.
The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.
The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)
Structured vocabularies describing concepts from the fields of biology and relationships between concepts.
Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.
Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.
That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)
Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.
Use for material on dental facilities in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Shortened forms of written words or phrases used for brevity.
The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.
Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.
Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.
The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.
Professional society representing the field of dentistry.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.
Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Procedure of producing an imprint or negative likeness of the teeth and/or edentulous areas. Impressions are made in plastic material which becomes hardened or set while in contact with the tissue. They are later filled with plaster of Paris or artificial stone to produce a facsimile of the oral structures present. Impressions may be made of a full complement of teeth, of areas where some teeth have been removed, or in a mouth from which all teeth have been extracted. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)
Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.
Laws and regulations pertaining to the field of dentistry, proposed for enactment or recently enacted by a legislative body.
An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.
An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.
Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.
Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.
Precise procedural mathematical and logical operations utilized in the study of medical information pertaining to health care.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.
Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.
Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.
An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)
The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)
In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).
An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.
Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.
Management, removal, and elimination of biologic, infectious, pathologic, and dental waste. The concept includes blood, mucus, tissue removed at surgery or autopsy, soiled surgical dressings, and other materials requiring special control and handling. Disposal may take place where the waste is generated or elsewhere.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Collections of facts, assumptions, beliefs, and heuristics that are used in combination with databases to achieve desired results, such as a diagnosis, an interpretation, or a solution to a problem (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed).
A dental specialty concerned with the maintenance of the dental pulp in a state of health and the treatment of the pulp cavity (pulp chamber and pulp canal).
Financial support of research activities.
An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.
Chemicals especially for use on instruments to destroy pathogenic organisms. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.
The use of a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, applied to the surface of natural teeth, crowns, or pontics by fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.
Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The educational process of instructing.
Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
The process of TOOTH formation. It is divided into several stages including: the dental lamina stage, the bud stage, the cap stage, and the bell stage. Odontogenesis includes the production of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS), dentin (DENTINOGENESIS), and dental cementum (CEMENTOGENESIS).

Effects of alumina and zirconium dioxide particles on arachidonic acid metabolism and proinflammatory interleukin production in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid synovial cells. (1/3)

We describe a model which can be used for in vitro biocompatibility assays of biomaterials. We studied the in vitro response of human osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes to Al2O3 or ZrO2 particles by analysing the production of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the metabolism of arachidonic acid via lipoxygenase and cyclo-oxygenase pathways. Our results show that, in these cells and under our experimental conditions, Al2O3 and ZrO2 did not significantly modify the synthesis of IL-1 and IL-6 or the metabolism of arachidonic acid.  (+info)

Water-mediated signal multiplication with Y-shaped carbon nanotubes. (2/3)


Advances in anti-adhesive materials in preventing pelvic and abdominal post-operative adhesions. (3/3)


Symptoms may include sensitivity, discomfort, visible holes or stains on teeth, bad breath, and difficulty chewing or biting. If left untreated, dental caries can progress and lead to more serious complications such as abscesses, infections, and even tooth loss.

To prevent dental caries, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene habits, including brushing your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, flossing daily, and using mouthwash regularly. Limiting sugary foods and drinks and visiting a dentist for regular check-ups can also help prevent the disease.

Dental caries is treatable through various methods such as fillings, crowns, root canals, extractions, and preventive measures like fissure sealants and fluoride applications. Early detection and prompt treatment are crucial to prevent further damage and restore oral health.

The exact cause of oral lichen planus is not known, but it is believed to be triggered by an allergic reaction or a viral or bacterial infection. It can affect anyone, but it is more common in women than men, and typically develops between the ages of 30 and 50.

The symptoms of oral lichen planus can vary from person to person, but they often include:

* Painful, inflamed lesions inside the mouth (on the tongue, lips, gums, or cheeks) that may be white, red, or purple in color.
* Burning sensation or stinging in the mouth.
* Difficulty eating or speaking due to pain and discomfort.
* Glossitis (inflammation of the tongue).
* Stomatitis (inflammation of the mouth).
* Ulcers or sores inside the mouth.

There is no cure for oral lichen planus, but there are several treatment options available to manage the symptoms and prevent complications. These may include:

* Topical medications (such as corticosteroids) applied directly to the affected areas in the mouth.
* Oral medications (such as antihistamines or immunosuppressants) to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system.
* Phototherapy (exposure to specific wavelengths of light) to promote healing and reduce inflammation.
* Laser therapy to remove lesions and promote healing.
* Dietary changes to avoid spicy or acidic foods that may irritate the mouth.

While oral lichen planus is not a life-threatening condition, it can have a significant impact on quality of life, causing pain, discomfort, and difficulty eating and speaking. If you suspect you may have oral lichen planus, it is important to consult a dentist or healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

1. Improper fit of dental restorations (fillings, crowns, etc.)
2. Inadequate sealing of dental implants
3. Loose or damaged dental restorations
4. Poor oral hygiene
5. Trauma to the mouth
6. Inadequate suction during dental procedures

Dental leakage can have significant consequences, including:

1. Bacterial contamination of the surgical site
2. Delayed healing
3. Increased risk of post-operative complications
4. Decreased success rate of dental procedures
5. Potential for infection or other adverse events

To minimize the risk of dental leakage, dentists should:

1. Use proper technique and instrumentation during dental procedures
2. Ensure proper fit and sealing of dental restorations
3. Maintain proper oral hygiene before and after dental procedures
4. Use adequate suction during dental procedures
5. Monitor the surgical site for signs of leakage or other complications.

Early detection and treatment of dental leakage can help prevent serious complications and ensure a successful outcome for dental procedures.

Plaque is a key risk factor for dental caries (tooth decay) and periodontal disease, which can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. In addition, research suggests that there may be a link between oral bacteria and certain systemic diseases, such as heart disease and diabetes. Therefore, maintaining good oral hygiene practices, such as regular brushing and flossing, is essential to prevent the accumulation of plaque and promote overall health.

There are two types of fluorosis:

1. Mild fluorosis: This type is characterized by white or brown spots or streaks on the surface of the teeth.
2. Severe fluorosis: This type is characterized by pitting or roughening of the tooth enamel, which can lead to cavities or structural weakness in the teeth.

Fluorosis is typically diagnosed through a visual examination of the teeth. In some cases, X-rays may be used to assess the severity of the condition. There is no specific treatment for fluorosis, but there are ways to manage its symptoms. For mild cases, regular cleaning and polishing of the teeth can help remove any stains or discoloration. In severe cases, dental fillings or crowns may be necessary to restore the damaged teeth.

Preventing fluorosis is much easier than treating it, so it's important to take steps to limit your child's exposure to excessive amounts of fluoride. This includes:

* Using fluoride toothpaste in appropriate amounts (a pea-sized amount for children under 3 years old and a portion the size of a grain of rice for children 3-6 years old)
* Limiting the consumption of fluoridated drinks, such as bottled water or formula, especially for infants
* Using a fluoride-free toothpaste for children under 3 years old
* Monitoring your child's fluoride intake and consulting with your dentist or healthcare provider if you have concerns.

Some common types of tooth diseases include:

1. Caries (cavities): A bacterial infection that causes the decay of tooth enamel, leading to holes or cavities in the teeth.
2. Periodontal disease (gum disease): An infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth, including the gums, periodontal ligament, and jawbone.
3. Tooth sensitivity: Pain or discomfort when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages due to exposed dentin or gum recession.
4. Dental abscesses: Infections that can cause pain, swelling, and pus in the teeth and gums.
5. Tooth erosion: Wear away of the tooth enamel caused by acidic foods and drinks or certain medical conditions.
6. Tooth grinding (bruxism): The habit of grinding or clenching the teeth, which can cause wear on the teeth, jaw pain, and headaches.
7. Dental malocclusion: Misalignment of the teeth, which can cause difficulty chewing, speaking, and other oral health problems.
8. Tooth loss: Loss of one or more teeth due to decay, gum disease, injury, or other causes.

Prevention and treatment of tooth diseases usually involve good oral hygiene practices such as brushing, flossing, and regular dental check-ups. In some cases, more advanced treatments such as fillings, crowns, root canals, or extractions may be necessary.

Some common examples of stomatognathic diseases include:

1. Periodontal disease: A bacterial infection that affects the supporting structures of the teeth, including the gums and bone.
2. Dental caries: Tooth decay caused by bacteria that produce acid, which can damage the tooth structure.
3. Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder: Pain or dysfunction in the joint that connects the jawbone to the skull.
4. Oral cancer: Cancer that affects the mouth, tongue, lips, or throat.
5. Malocclusion: A misalignment of the teeth or jaws that can cause difficulty chewing or speaking.
6. Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums that can lead to periodontal disease if left untreated.
7. Dry mouth (xerostomia): A decrease in saliva production that can increase the risk of dental caries and other oral health problems.
8. Oral thrush: A fungal infection that affects the mouth, causing white patches to form on the tongue, inner cheeks, and gums.
9. Burning mouth syndrome: A condition characterized by a burning sensation in the mouth without any visible signs of injury or infection.
10. Oral lichen planus: An inflammatory condition that affects the mucous membranes in the mouth, causing white patches and pain.

Stomatognathic diseases can be diagnosed through a combination of medical and dental examinations, including X-rays, blood tests, and biopsies. Treatment options vary depending on the specific condition but may include medication, surgery, or lifestyle changes such as dietary modifications and stress management techniques.

Early detection and treatment of stomatognathic diseases are essential to prevent further complications and improve quality of life. Regular dental check-ups and screenings can help identify potential issues before they become more severe, and a multidisciplinary approach involving dentists, oral surgeons, and other healthcare professionals may be necessary for optimal management.

Note: The word "toothache" refers to pain in one or more teeth, and not to general gum pain or discomfort.

1. Congenital abnormalities: These are present at birth and may be caused by genetic factors or environmental influences during fetal development. Examples include hypodontia (absence of one or more teeth), hyperdontia (extra teeth), or anodontia (absence of all teeth).
2. Acquired abnormalities: These can occur at any time during life, often as a result of trauma, infection, or other conditions. Examples include tooth decay, gum disease, or tooth wear and tear.
3. Developmental abnormalities: These occur during the development of teeth and may be caused by genetic factors, nutritional deficiencies, or exposure to certain medications or chemicals. Examples include enamel hypoplasia (thinning of tooth enamel) or peg-shaped teeth.
4. Structural abnormalities: These are irregularities in the shape or structure of teeth, such as anomalies in the size, shape, or position of teeth. Examples include crowded or misaligned teeth, or teeth that do not erupt properly.
5. Dental caries (tooth decay): This is a bacterial infection that causes the breakdown of tooth structure, often leading to cavities and tooth loss if left untreated.
6. Periodontal disease: This is an inflammatory condition that affects the supporting tissues of teeth, including the gums and bone, and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated.
7. Tooth wear: This refers to the wear and tear of teeth over time, often due to habits such as bruxism (teeth grinding) or acid reflux.
8. Dental anomalies: These are rare, genetic conditions that affect the development and structure of teeth, such as peg-shaped teeth or geminated teeth (two teeth fused together).

These are just a few examples of tooth abnormalities, and there are many more conditions that can affect the health and appearance of teeth. Regular dental check-ups can help detect and address any issues early on to ensure good oral health.

The most common symptoms of dental enamel hypoplasia are yellow or brown discoloration of the teeth, sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks, and an increased risk of cavities.

Treatment for dental enamel hypoplasia typically involves restorative procedures such as fillings, crowns, or veneers to repair and protect the affected teeth. In severe cases, extraction of the damaged teeth may be necessary. Preventive measures such as good oral hygiene practices, a balanced diet, and avoiding harmful substances like tobacco and excessive sugars can also help manage the condition.

Early detection and treatment of dental enamel hypoplasia are crucial to prevent further damage and improve the appearance and function of the teeth. Dentists may use specialized techniques such as radiographs and clinical examinations to diagnose this condition and recommend appropriate treatments.

There are different types of dental calculus, including:

1. Supragingival calculus - found above the gum line and is more common.
2. Subgingival calculus - found below the gum line and is less common but more difficult to remove.
3. Interdental calculus - found between teeth and is common in people with tightly spaced teeth.
4. Cemental calculus - found on the root surface of teeth and is less common.

Dental calculus can cause a range of problems, including:

1. Gingivitis - inflammation of the gums that can lead to redness, swelling, and bleeding.
2. Periodontitis - more advanced stage of gingivitis that can cause bone loss, receding gums, and eventual tooth loss.
3. Halitosis - bad breath.
4. Tooth sensitivity - sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks.
5. Difficulty chewing or biting.

Removing dental calculus is an important part of maintaining good oral health, and can be done through a variety of methods, including:

1. Professional cleaning by a dentist or hygienist.
2. Brushing with fluoride toothpaste and flossing regularly to remove plaque before it hardens into calculus.
3. Using an antibacterial mouthwash to kill bacteria that can contribute to calculus formation.
4. Avoiding sugary or acidic foods and drinks, which can contribute to the formation of plaque and calculus.

In conclusion, dental calculus is a common problem that can cause a range of oral health issues, but it can be prevented and treated through regular maintenance and good oral hygiene practices. It is important to visit a dentist regularly for check-ups and cleanings to ensure the best possible oral health.

Types of Dental Pulp Diseases:

1. Pulpal necrosis: This is a condition where the dental pulp becomes damaged or dies due to injury, infection, or exposure to extreme temperatures.
2. Dental abscess: A bacterial infection that can cause pain, swelling, and pus formation in the tooth and surrounding tissues.
3. Periapical granuloma: A non-cancerous inflammatory response to a pulpal or periodontal infection.
4. Periapical cyst: A fluid-filled sac that forms as a result of the inflammatory response to a pulpal or periodontal infection.
5. Radiculitis: Inflammation of the nerves that extend from the tooth into the jawbone and skull, causing pain and swelling.
6. Osteonecrosis: A condition where the jawbone dies due to a lack of blood supply, often caused by a dental infection or trauma.
7. Periodontal disease: A bacterial infection that affects the gums and supporting tissues of the teeth, leading to inflammation and damage to the gum and bone tissues.

Symptoms of Dental Pulp Diseases:

1. Toothache or sensitivity to temperature changes
2. Swelling and redness in the gums and surrounding tissues
3. Pain when chewing or biting
4. Bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth
5. Swollen lymph nodes in the neck or jaw
6. Fever and general feeling of illness

Treatment Options for Dental Pulp Diseases:

1. Root canal treatment: A procedure to remove the infected dental pulp, clean and disinfect the inside of the tooth, and fill the tooth with a special material.
2. Extraction: Removal of the affected tooth if the infection is severe or if the tooth cannot be saved.
3. Antibiotics: Medication to treat bacterial infections, such as abscesses or periapical infections.
4. Pain management: Over-the-counter pain medications, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can help manage toothache pain and inflammation.
5. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue or repair damaged tissues.

Prevention of Dental Pulp Diseases:

1. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings to catch any problems early on and prevent infections from developing.
2. Good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and flossing once a day, to remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth.
3. Avoid sugary or acidic foods and drinks that can damage the teeth and lead to infections.
4. Wear a mouthguard when participating in sports to protect the teeth from injury.
5. Avoid smoking and using tobacco products, which can increase the risk of dental pulp diseases.

Early diagnosis and treatment of dental pulp diseases are crucial to preventing more severe complications and preserving the affected tooth. If you suspect that you have a dental pulp disease, it is essential to visit a dentist as soon as possible for proper evaluation and treatment.

There are several types of tooth injuries that can occur, including:

1. Tooth fractures: A crack or break in a tooth, which can vary in severity from a small chip to a more extensive crack or split.
2. Tooth avulsions: The complete loss of a tooth due to trauma, often caused by a blow to the mouth or face.
3. Tooth intrusions: When a tooth is pushed into the jawbone or gum tissue.
4. Tooth extrusions: When a tooth is forced out of its socket.
5. Soft tissue injuries: Damage to the lips, cheeks, tongue, or other soft tissues of the mouth.
6. Alveolar bone fractures: Fractures to the bone that surrounds the roots of the teeth.
7. Dental luxation: The displacement of a tooth from its normal position within the jawbone.
8. Tooth embedded in the skin or mucous membrane: When a tooth becomes lodged in the skin or mucous membrane of the mouth.

Treatment for tooth injuries depends on the severity of the injury and can range from simple restorative procedures, such as fillings or crowns, to more complex procedures, such as dental implants or bone grafting. In some cases, urgent medical attention may be necessary to prevent further complications or tooth loss.

The main cause of DPC is the deposition of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals in the dental pulp, which leads to the formation of a hard, chalky material called dental calculus (tartar). This can occur as a result of poor oral hygiene, smoking, or other factors that increase the risk of dental caries and periodontal disease.

DPC is usually diagnosed through X-ray imaging, and treatment options include professional dental cleaning, antibiotics, and in severe cases, extraction of the affected tooth. It is important to address DPC as soon as possible to prevent further damage and potentially avoid more invasive procedures.

Preventative measures for DPC include regular brushing and flossing, using a fluoride mouthwash, and visiting the dentist regularly for cleanings and check-ups. Early detection and treatment of DPC can help to prevent long-term complications such as pulp necrosis, abscesses, and bone loss.

It is important to note that Dental Pulp Calcification is a relatively rare condition but it can be a significant cause of tooth pain and discomfort. If you experience any symptoms such as sensitivity or pain in your teeth, you should consult with a dentist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

There are several types of periodontal diseases, including:

1. Gingivitis: This is the mildest form of periodontal disease, characterized by redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums. It is reversible with proper treatment and good oral hygiene.
2. Periodontitis: This is a more severe form of periodontal disease, characterized by the destruction of the periodontal ligament and the jawbone. It can cause teeth to become loose or fall out.
3. Advanced periodontitis: This is the most severe form of periodontal disease, characterized by extensive bone loss and severe gum damage.
4. Periodontal abscess: This is a pocket of pus that forms in the gum tissue as a result of the infection.
5. Peri-implantitis: This is a condition that affects the tissues surrounding dental implants, similar to periodontal disease.

The causes and risk factors for periodontal diseases include:

1. Poor oral hygiene
2. Smoking
3. Diabetes
4. Genetic predisposition
5. Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause
6. Poor diet
7. Stress
8. Certain medications

The symptoms of periodontal diseases can include:

1. Redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gums
2. Bad breath
3. Loose teeth or teeth that feel like they are shifting in their sockets
4. Pus between the teeth and gums
5. Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting down

Treatment for periodontal diseases typically involves a combination of professional cleaning, antibiotics, and changes to oral hygiene habits at home. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove infected tissue and restore the health of the teeth and gums.

Preventing periodontal diseases includes:

1. Brushing teeth at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
2. Flossing once a day to remove plaque from between the teeth
3. Using an antibacterial mouthwash
4. Eating a balanced diet and avoiding sugary or acidic foods
5. Quitting smoking
6. Maintaining regular dental check-ups and cleanings.

1. Tooth decay (cavities): A bacterial infection that causes tooth enamel to break down, leading to holes in the teeth.
2. Periodontal disease: An infection of the gums and bone that support the teeth, caused by bacteria.
3. Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gums, usually caused by poor oral hygiene or smoking.
4. Oral thrush: A fungal infection of the mouth, typically affecting people with weakened immune systems.
5. Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections: Viral infections that cause sores on the lips, tongue, or gums.
6. Cold sores: Caused by the herpes simplex virus, these are small, painful blisters that appear on the lips, nose, or mouth.
7. Canker sores: Small, shallow ulcers that develop on the inside of the mouth, tongue, lips, or gums.
8. Leukoplakia: A condition where thick, white patches form on the insides of the mouth, usually due to excessive tobacco use or other irritants.
9. Oral cancer: Cancer that develops in any part of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, gums, or throat.
10. Dry mouth (xerostomia): A condition where the mouth does not produce enough saliva, which can increase the risk of tooth decay and other problems.

These are just a few examples of mouth diseases. It's important to maintain good oral hygiene and visit a dentist regularly to help prevent these conditions and ensure early detection and treatment if they do occur.

Dental deposits refer to the accumulation of plaque, tartar, and other substances on the teeth and dental restorations. These deposits can lead to various oral health problems, such as tooth decay, gum disease, and bad breath. Dental deposits can be removed through regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings.

Types of Dental Deposits:

There are several types of dental deposits that can accumulate on the teeth and dental restorations, including:

1. Plaque: A sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth and can lead to tooth decay and gum disease.
2. Tartar (calculus): A hard, yellowish deposit that forms on the teeth and dental restorations, made up of mineralized plaque.
3. Stains: Discoloration of the teeth due to various factors such as smoking, coffee, tea, or certain medications.
4. Biofilm: A complex community of microorganisms that adhere to the surfaces of the teeth and dental restorations, which can contribute to the development of periodontal disease.

Effects of Dental Deposits:

Dental deposits can have a significant impact on oral health if left untreated. Some of the effects of dental deposits include:

1. Tooth Decay: The accumulation of plaque and tartar on the teeth can lead to tooth decay, which can cause pain, sensitivity, and potentially lead to tooth loss.
2. Gum Disease: Plaque and tartar can also contribute to the development of gum disease, which can cause inflammation, bleeding, and receding gums.
3. Bad Breath: Dental deposits can cause bad breath (halitosis), which can be embarrassing and affect an individual's self-confidence.
4. Tooth Discoloration: Stains on the teeth can cause discoloration, which can make the teeth appear yellow or brown.
5. Increased Risk of Dental Caries: Dental deposits can provide a conducive environment for the growth of cariogenic bacteria, which can increase the risk of dental caries.
6. Difficulty Chewing and Speaking: Advanced periodontal disease can cause teeth to become loose or fall out, making it difficult to chew and speak properly.
7. Self-Esteem Issues: Poor oral health can affect an individual's self-esteem and confidence, which can impact their overall quality of life.
8. Systemic Diseases: There is evidence that suggests a link between periodontal disease and systemic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory disease.

Prevention of Dental Deposits:

Preventing dental deposits is essential for maintaining good oral health. Some ways to prevent dental deposits include:

1. Brushing and Flossing: Regular brushing and flossing can help remove plaque and tartar from the teeth, reducing the risk of dental deposits.
2. Dietary Changes: Avoiding sugary and starchy foods, drinking plenty of water, and consuming a balanced diet can help prevent the formation of dental deposits.
3. Professional Cleaning: Regular professional cleaning by a dentist or hygienist can remove tartar and plaque that is difficult to remove with brushing and flossing alone.
4. Fluoride Treatment: Fluoride treatment can help strengthen teeth and prevent the formation of dental deposits.
5. Salivary Substitutes: For individuals with dry mouth, salivary substitutes can help stimulate saliva production and reduce the risk of dental deposits.
6. Oral Rinses: Using an oral rinse can help remove plaque and bacteria from the teeth and gums.
7. Tobacco Cessation: Quitting tobacco use can help improve oral health and reduce the risk of dental deposits.
8. Regular Dental Check-Ups: Regular dental check-ups can help identify early signs of dental deposits and prevent more serious problems from developing.

Overbite: This occurs when the upper teeth overlap the lower teeth too much.

Underbite: This happens when the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth too much.

Crossbite: This is when the upper teeth do not align with the lower teeth, causing them to point towards the inside of the mouth.

Open bite: This occurs when the upper and lower teeth do not meet properly, resulting in a gap or an open bite.

Overjet: This is when the upper teeth protrude too far forward, overlapping the lower teeth.

Crowding: This refers to when there is not enough space in the mouth for all the teeth to fit properly, leading to overlapping or misalignment.

Spacing: This occurs when there is too much space between the teeth, which can lead to gum problems and other issues.

Each type of malocclusion can cause a range of symptoms, including difficulty chewing, jaw pain, headaches, and difficulty opening and closing the mouth fully. Treatment options for malocclusion depend on the severity of the problem and may include orthodontic braces, aligners, or surgery to correct the bite and improve oral function and aesthetics.

Tooth erosion can lead to sensitive teeth, pain, and discomfort when eating or drinking hot or cold foods and beverages. In severe cases, it can cause teeth to appear yellow or brown, become brittle and prone to breaking, or even result in tooth loss.

To prevent tooth erosion, good oral hygiene practices such as regular brushing and flossing, avoiding acidic foods and drinks, and using a fluoride-based toothpaste can help protect teeth from acid wear. Dental sealants or varnishes may also be applied to the teeth to provide extra protection against erosion.

If tooth erosion has already occurred, dental treatments such as fillings, crowns, or veneers may be necessary to repair damaged teeth. In severe cases, teeth may need to be extracted and replaced with dental implants or bridges.

Etymology: [O.E. mund, mouth + L. dentatus, toothed.]

Synonyms: Toothless mouth.

Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, 1913

In layman's terms, this definition is saying that a mouth, edentulous refers to a mouth without teeth. This can be due to various reasons such as tooth loss due to decay, injury, or other factors. The term is used in the medical field, specifically in dentistry, to describe a patient who requires dentures or other prosthetic devices to replace missing teeth.

In conclusion, mouth, edentulous is a medical term used to describe a toothless mouth, and it is commonly used in dentistry to identify patients who require dentures or other prosthetic devices to restore their dental health.

... biomedical materials, and dental research. The annual funding TMU receives for research exceeds NT$600 million. In 2009, a ... of Nursing College of Public Health College of Medical Science and Technology College of Humanity and Social Science Biomedical ...
"Femtosecond laser microstructuring of zirconia dental implants". Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied ... Such a chirp may be acquired as a pulse propagates through materials (like glass) and is due to their dispersion. It results in ... State-of-the-art laser processing techniques with ultrashort light pulses can be used to structure materials with a sub- ... that usually leads to nonlinear interactions in various materials, including air. These processes are studied in the field of ...
The basis for modern dental implants is a biologic process called osseointegration, in which materials such as titanium or ... Reza M (2007). Nanomaterials and Nanosystems for Biomedical Applications [Mozafari] (in English). SpringerLink: Springer e- ... Common uses of dental implants The primary use of dental implants is to support dental prosthetics (i.e. false teeth). Modern ... A crown (the dental prosthesis) is then connected to the abutment with dental cement, a small screw, or fused with the abutment ...
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials. 8 (106): 2888-2900. doi:10.1002/jbm.b.34147. PMID ... A root-analog dental implant (RAI) - also known as a truly anatomic dental implant, or an anatomical/custom implant - is a ... As the root analog dental implant matches the tooth socket (dental alveolus) it can only be placed in conjunction with the ... The earliest known dental implant, discovered in Honduras and dating to 600 AD, is that of a Mayan woman who had several ...
... or composite materials. They are often intended or adapted for medical applications, such as biomedical devices which perform, ... Biomaterials are also used every day in dental applications, surgery, and drug delivery. For example, a construct with ... Another application of materials science in industry is making composite materials. These are structured materials composed of ... Current fields that materials physicists work in include electronic, optical, and magnetic materials, novel materials and ...
Dental Materials. 33 (4): 467-476. doi:10.1016/ ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 28256273. Frese, Cornelia; Schiller, ... Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 63 (5): 657-663. doi:10.1002/jbm.10383. ISSN 0021-9304. PMID 12209913. Hickel, R.; ... Dental Materials. 30 (5): 493-498. doi:10.1016/ PMID 24602519. Korkut, Bora; Yanikoglu, Funda; Tagtekin, ... Elderton, R J (May 1985). "Six-monthly examinations for dental caries". British Dental Journal. 158 (10): 370-374. doi:10.1038/ ...
Dental Materials Journal. 31 (5): 821-7. doi:10.4012/dmj.2012-091. PMID 23037846. Agarwal, Ashutosh; Ng, Wun Jern; Liu, Yu ( ... Sirsi, Shashank; Borden, Mark (2009). "Microbubble compositions, properties and biomedical applications". Bubble Science, ... Materials having a hydrophilic outer layer to interact with the bloodstream and a hydrophobic inner layer to house the gas ... The transient pores formed by microbubble collapse allow the genetic material to pass into the target cells in a safer and more ...
... biomedical and dental materials D26 - pharmaceutical preparations D27 - chemical actions and uses E - Analytical, Diagnostic ...
Dental Materials, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Journal of Biomaterial Science, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research ... Dental Materials. 32 (2): 149-160. doi:10.1016/ ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 26777114. Almaroof, A.; Niazi, S. A ... Dental Materials. 32 (7): 929-939. doi:10.1016/ ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 27130610. Almaroof, A.; Rojo, L.; ... Dental Materials. 33 (5): e239-e254. doi:10.1016/ ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 28245928. Buranawat, Borvornwut. Di ...
These materials are currently deployed in hip replacement, knee replacement and dental implant surgeries. There are a number of ... Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 43 (2): 192-203. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4636(199822)43:2. 3.0.CO;2-K. PMID 9619438. ... For osseointegrated dental implants, metallic, ceramic, and polymeric materials have been used, in particular titanium. To be ... Dental implants are by far the main field of application Retention of a craniofacial prosthesis such as an artificial ear (ear ...
It does not cause damage to root surfaces, dental materials, or surrounding tissues. Periowave does not exhibit many of the ... The Periowave aPDT system was introduced to the market by Ondine Biomedical Inc., Vancouver B.C. in 2006. Periowave is approved ... CINDY POND (May 13, 2015). "Dental Pioneer Professor Michael Wilson Speaking in Vancouver at Pacific Dental Conference". PRWeb ... Gingivitis Pericoronitis Endodontic treatment Peri-implantitis Dental caries Photodynamic therapy Methylene blue Reactive ...
Oral Anatomy, Community Dentistry, Science of Dental Material) Bachelor of Engineering (Electrical) Bachelor of Science ( ... Biomedical) Bachelor of Technology (Electrical, Electronics, Civil & Biomedical) Associate of Applied Science (Software ... Bachelor of Dental Surgery Master of Dental Surgery (Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Oral Pathology, Operative Dentistry) M.Sc. ( ...
Aging Effects of Dental Restorative Materials upon Surface Hardness, Journal of Polymer Materials, 2009, 26; 207-214 28.Lizymol ... characterization of a novel radiopaque dimethacrylate zirconium containing pre-polymer for biomedical applications.Materials ... Mohanan, PV, Lizymol P.P.; Cytogenetic Evaluation of the Physiological Saline Extract of a Newly Developed Dental Material ORMO ... Lizymol Philipose Pamadykandathil is an Indian dental materials scientist. Her work has been recognised with a Nari Shakti ...
Applied dental materials. pp. 254. ISBN 9781405139618. Anusavice, Kenneth J. (2003). Phillips' Science of Dental Materials, ... Their Biomedical and Industrial Applications. Chemistry of Solid State Materials 3 (reprint ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge ... A glass ionomer cement (GIC) is a dental restorative material used in dentistry as a filling material and luting cement, ... Glass ionomer cement is primarily used in the prevention of dental caries. This dental material has good adhesive bond ...
... not only a matter of materials". Dental Materials. 28 (1): 87-101. doi:10.1016/ PMID 22192253. Donovan TE ... Acid-base cements, their biomedical and industrial applications. New York:Cambridge University Press. 1993:1-383. Pameijer CH ( ... Dental Materials. 25 (5): 601-4. doi:10.1016/ PMID 19100611. Attar N, Tam LE, McComb D (February 2003). " ... Dental Materials. 29 (10): 1073-9. doi:10.1016/ PMID 23973087. Sunico-Segarra M, Segarra A (2014-10-13). A ...
Dental Materials Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers Journal of Biomaterials Applications Journal of Biomedical ... R Materials Today Applied Materials Today Materials Today Chemistry Materials Today Energy Materials Today Physics Materials ... Materials Materials and Structures Materials Chemistry and Physics Materials Horizons Materials Research Letters Materials ... Optical Materials Annual Review of Materials Research APL Materials Bulletin of Materials Science Carbon Chemistry of Materials ...
Dental Hygiene and Therapy (BSc) and Biomedical Materials Science (BMedSc). These courses are based at the Birmingham Dental ... The College of Medical and Dental Sciences also offers Dental Surgery (BDS), ... In addition there are a small number of places on a three-year MB ChB programme designed for dental graduates wishing to train ... In April 2016, The new Birmingham Dental Hospital and School of Dentistry was built, opening its doors after being moved from a ...
... and Bis-EMA from light-cured dental resins and resin composites using HPLC". Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: ... "How much do resin-based dental materials release? A meta-analytical approach". Dental Materials. 27 (8): 723-747. doi:10.1016/j ... Among the non-food sources, exposures routes include through dust, thermal paper, clothing, dental materials, and medical ... These materials are much more common but their BPA content will be low. As a major component Polycyanurates can be produced ...
Hong N, Yang GH, Lee J, Kim G (January 2018). "3D bioprinting and its in vivo applications". Journal of Biomedical Materials ... cite journal}}: Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) Manappallil JJ (2015). Basic Dental Materials. JP Medical Ltd. ISBN ... These are the hardware used, the type of bio-ink, and the material it is printed on (biomaterials). "Bio-ink is a material made ... Screw driven extrusion uses an auger screw to extrude material. The rotational motion forces the material down and out of the ...
For any material to be classified for biomedical applications, three requirements must be met. The first requirement is that ... Dental Materials, 18(1), 12-19. Chen, Q., Zhu, C., & Thouas, G. A. (2012). Progress and challenges in biomaterials used for ... Materials that are used for biomedical or clinical applications are known as biomaterials. The following article deals with ... The biomaterial term is used for materials that can be used in biomedical and clinical applications. They are bioactive and ...
Journal of Biomedical Materials, 33: 89-100, 1996. °Derek W. Jones "International Dental Standards." JCDA Journal, 73, 10, 882- ... the Dental Materials Group, of the International Association for Dental Research, and served as Chair of the Canadian Dental ... Filler for Dental Composite Materials" (PDF). "Improved customized-shape ceramic fillers for dental composite materials". ... dental cement, bone cement, mercury pollution, biocompatibility of materials and synthesis of glass and polymer materials, as ...
Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences Graduate School of Health Care Sciences Graduate School of Biomedical Science ... along with a research institute dedicated to materials, which was later expanded to the current Institute of Biomaterials and ... The school received university status in 1944 as Tokyo Medical and Dental College. It was renamed to Tokyo Medical and Dental ... Dental department (dental school) Faculty of Dentistry, Oral Health department College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Institute ...
May 2017). "Orthodontic archwire composition and phase analyses by neutron spectroscopy". Dental Materials Journal. 36 (3): 282 ... "Biomedical NiTi and b-Ti Alloys: From Composition, Microstructure and Thermo-Mechanics to Application". Metals. 12 (3): 406. ... Copper material, along with the cold-working of the material, gave the strength to the alloy. The alloy composition of the ... An archwire in orthodontics is a wire conforming to the alveolar or dental arch that can be used with dental braces as a source ...
They moved to Philadelphia, where he headed polymer-organic research for H.D. Justi and Son, a manufacturer of dental materials ... In 1987, he joined the University of Akron as an adjunct professor in the Institute of Biomedical Engineering. He served as ... Rose, E. Earnest; Lal, Joginder; Williams, Ned B.; Falcetti, Joseph P. (August 1955). "The Screening of Materials for Adhesion ... plastics and coating materials. His team developed Hexsyn, a highly flexible and durable polymer in 1967. Hexsyn was applied ...
Powers, JM; Wataha, JE (2013). Dental materials: Properties and manipulation (10th ed.). St Louis: Elsevier Health Sciences. p ... Biomedical applications of metals, Springer, doi:10.1007/978-3-319-74814-6_1 Pan S et al. 2019, "Noble-noble strong union: Gold ... The chemistry and metallurgy of dental materials. Oxford: Blackwell. p. 40. Balshaw L 2020, "Noble metals dissolved without ... In this sense of the word, graphite is more noble than silver and the relative nobility of many materials is highly dependent ...
Biodegradable polymers are widely used materials for many biomedical and pharmaceutical applications. These polymers are ... Biodegradable polymers also offer great potential for wound management, orthopaedic devices, dental applications and tissue ... They are also commonly used to make other materials together with other materials to form composites. Therefore, whether it is ... The elastomer is only deformed under weak stress, and the stress can be quickly restored to a polymer material close to the ...
2,2-Bis[4(2,3-hydroxypropoxy)phenyl]propane (bis-HPPP) is an organic compound that is formed when the dental composite material ... Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials. 94 (1): 230-7. doi:10.1002/jbm.b.31645. PMID 20524199. ... Finer Y, S.J.; Santerre, JP (2004). "The influence of resin chemistry on a dental composite's biodegradation". J Biomed Mater ... degradation of the dental resin since salivary esterases are able to cleave the ester bonds in acrylic polymers of dental ...
The off-ship dental clinic treated 7,937 patients who received over 41,000 dental procedures. The medical capacity building ... Its volunteers have provided services and materials valued at over $1.77 billion. Mercy Ships has delivered services to more ... Trained over 50,300 local professionals in their area of expertise (anesthesiology, nursing, sterilization, biomedical ... They have: Performed 521,000 dental procedures for over 197,000 dental patients. Trained more than 6,680 local professionals ( ...
Habibah, Tutut Ummul; Amlani, Dharanshi V.; Brizuela, Melina (2021), "Hydroxyapatite Dental Material", StatPearls, Treasure ... for Biomedical Applications, Woodhead Publishing Series in Biomaterials, Woodhead Publishing, pp. 235-67, ISBN 978-1-78242-033- ... Featherstone, J. D. B. (2008). "Dental caries: A dynamic disease process". Australian Dental Journal. 53 (3): 286-291. doi: ... Materials Today: Proceedings. 4th Advanced Materials Conference 2018, 4th AMC 2018, 27th & 28th November 2018, Hilton Kuching ...
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. 89 (1): 215-23. doi:10.1002/jbm.a.31943. PMID 18431760. Market Report: World ... Ceramics are now commonly used in the medical fields as dental and bone implants. Surgical cermets are used regularly. Joint ... The ceramic materials used are not the same as porcelain type ceramic materials. Rather, bioceramics are closely related to ... Alternatively, the bioceramic materials can be doped with β-emitting materials and implanted into the cancerous area. Other ...
Additionally, applicants must sit an entrance exam, the BioMedical Admissions Test (BMAT) which is used alongside the rest of ... UCL Eastman Dental Institute and UCL Wolfson Institute. The UCL Institute of Child Health on Guilford Street in Bloomsbury The ... section is their collaboration with the medical school faculty to ensure quality and validity of the student-produced material ... UCL Cancer Institute UCL Ear Institute UCL Eastman Dental Institute UCL Institute of Child Health UCL Institute of Neurology ...
The UNE College of Dental Medicine is the only dental school in northern New England. Accredited by the American Dental ... UNE's Biddeford Campus is also home to the George and Barbara Bush Center, which houses material chronicling the Bush legacy in ... The 26 buildings on the campus include the Harold Alfond Center for Health Sciences, the Pickus Center for Biomedical Research ... Its College of Osteopathic Medicine is the only medical school in Maine and its College of Dental Medicine is the only dental ...
Coors Biomedical Co., a 35-employee Porcelain subsidiary founded in 1980 in nearby Lakewood, CO, under the direction of Jim ... CoorsTek acquired Covalent Materials Corp., formerly Toshiba Ceramics Co., and its three factories in Japan in December 2014 ... abutments and implants for dental applications. The Colorado plant added ceramic injection molding capabilities in 2008. ... D.W. Richerson, "Materials Science and Engineering: A Rewarding Career," Ceramic Bulletin, V86, #10, p 35-43. "Elkem Metals ...
It has human and material resources and infrastructures, such as the Human Neurobehavioral Laboratory (HNL). The action of the ... It offers an undergraduate program in biomedic sciences, an integrated master's degree in dental medicine, a master in applied ... Biomedical Engineering, Applied Microbiology, Biotechnology and Innovation, European Master in Food Science, Technology and ... Faculty of Dental Medicine (Viseu); Faculty of Theology (Lisbon, Porto, Braga) Institute of Health Sciences (Lisbon, Porto) ...
"South Australian Health and Biomedical Precinct". Archived from the original on 7 July 2014. "New Adelaide Dental Hospital :: ... Research Park at Thebarton: businesses involved in materials engineering, biotechnology, environmental services, information ... The state-of-the-art hospital forms part of a new biomedical precinct called BioMed City that collocates the South Australian ... and the state's Dental Hospital. SAHMRI is building a $300 million second facility due to be completed by 2022 to house the ...
Before the stroke, Medawar was one of Britain's most influential scientists, especially in the biomedical field. After the ... became a naturalised British citizen and worked for a British dental supplies manufacturer that sent him to Brazil as an agent ... acquire the ability to distinguish between their own tissue substances on the one hand and unwanted cells and foreign material ...
It is one of two main admissions tests used in the UK for medical, dental and other health-related courses, the other being the ... Candidates are not allowed to bring external materials in to the exam. A basic calculator is provided on the screen, along with ... BioMedical Admissions Test (BMAT). Since 2020 the annual number of test takers has risen to over 30,000 candidates each year. ... As of 2022, the UCAT is a compulsory entry requirement for medical and / or dental courses at the following universities: ...
Kieran Fallon, General Dental Practitioner. For services to the NHS and to the community in Glasgow. Zahida Fazaley, Witness ... For services to Biomedical Research. Doris Irene Whiting. For voluntary service to the community in Trowbridge, Wiltshire. Jim ... Hugh Richard James, Distinguished Specialist and Research Leader, Material Modelling Group, AWE. For services to the Defence ... Anthony Michael Jenner, Deputy Chief Dental Officer, Department of Health. James Johnson, Deputy Head of Banking Operations, HM ...
Whitfield, Susan (2018). Silk, Slaves, and Stupas: Material Culture of the Silk Road. University of California Press. p. 118. ... Sir Syed University of Engineering and Technology (SSUET) offers degree programmes in biomedical, electronics, telecom and ... Iqra University Habib University Dow University Jinnah Medical and Dental College Jinnah Sindh Medical University Karachi ... Institute of Economics and Technology United Medical and Dental College Liaquat National Medical College Institute of Cost & ...
A conventional DBD device comprises two planar electrodes with at least one of them covered with a dielectric material and the ... It uses ionized gas (physical plasma) for medical uses or dental applications. Plasma, often called the fourth state of matter ... Low temperature plasma jets have been used in various biomedical applications ranging from the inactivation of bacteria to the ... These plasma-generated active species are useful for several bio-medical applications such as sterilization of implants and ...
Consequently, the multiple copies of the genetic material in the sSMC plus the two copies of this genetic material in the two ... abnormal oral/dental features such as enlarged tongue, overgrowth of the alveolar ridge and/or gums, delayed teeth eruption, ... Advanced Biomedical Research. 4: 140. doi:10.4103/2277-9175.161542. PMC 4544121. PMID 26322288. Karaman B, Kayserili H, ... sSMCs contain copies of genetic material from parts of virtually any other chromosome and, depending on the genetic material ...
... for experiments to study the biomedical benefits or biomedical consequences of intense kissing (and other intimate, ... Materials Science: Metin Eren, Michelle Bebber, James Norris, Alyssa Perrone, Ashley Rutkoski, Michael Wilson, and Mary Ann ... "Patient Preference for Waxed or Unwaxed Dental Floss". Economics - Presented jointly to Nick Leeson and his superiors at ... Araujo, A. G. M.; Marcelino, J. C. (2003). "The role of armadillos in the movement of archaeological materials: an experimental ...
Some of the surgical cures listed, such as the opening of an abdominal abscess or the removal of traumatic foreign material, ... Medicine portal Health care in the United States History of dental treatments History of herbalism History of hospitals History ... From across the globe, donations poured in, funding the founding of Pasteur Institute, the globe's first biomedical institute, ... Prosthetics have improved with lightweight materials as well as neural prosthetics emerging in the end of the 20th century. ...
1995 Dental materials - Alloys for dental amalgam [Withdrawn: replaced with ISO 24234] ISO 1560:1985 Dental mercury [Withdrawn ... Reducing the incidence of undesirable biomedical effects caused by visual image sequences [Withdrawn without replacement] ISO/ ... 1990 Dental alginate impression material [Withdrawn: replaced with ISO 21563] ISO 1564:1995 Dental aqueous impression materials ... 1960 Metallic materials - Steel tubes - Flanging test [Withdrawn: replaced with ISO 8494] ISO/R 166:1960 Metallic materials - ...
While biomedical studies have recently limited their use of this species, illegal capture for the pet trade still plays a major ... This view is supported by Hanihara and Natoria's analysis of toothcomb dental morphology (1987) and by Skinner (1991), who ... and animal material (40%). This includes insects, plant exudates such as gum and sap, nectar, and occasionally reptiles and ... Up to 40,000 cotton-top tamarins are thought to have been caught and exported for use in biomedical research before 1976, when ...
The plastic arts or visual arts are a class of art forms, that involve the use of materials, that can be moulded or modulated ... Higher education includes teaching, research, exacting applied work (e.g. in medical schools and dental schools), and social ... Gordan, Andrew H.; Shwabe, Calvin W. (2004). The Quick and the Dead: Biomedical Theory in Ancient Egypt. Egyptological Memoirs ... the latter uses materials such as clay, metal or paint, which can be molded or transformed to create a work of art. Performing ...
"DDS/DMD Doctor of Dental Surgery/Doctor of Dental Medicine Schools/Programs in the United States of America". ... In the biomedical sciences, Stony Brook houses the Center for Biotechnology and the Institute of Chemical Biology and Drug ... Materials Science (categorized as an Engineering specialty) ranked 37th; Psychology ranked 39th; Sociology ranked 40th; ... Stony Brook is also one of two public schools in New York to have a medical school and a dental school, the other being ...
Tm-doped halides in which Tm is in its 2+ valence state, are promising luminescent materials that can make efficient ... Development of New Tm-170 Radioactive Seeds for Brachytherapy, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of ... as tools in medical and dental diagnosis, as well as to detect defects in inaccessible mechanical and electronic components. ... Thulium potentially has use in ferrites, ceramic magnetic materials that are used in microwave equipment. Thulium is also ...
Interdisciplinary Research Centre in Biomedical Materials. For services to Health Care and to Material Science. Allan ... Diana Rosalind Wincott, Principal, Guy's Hospital School of Dental Nursing, London. For services to Dentistry. James Edward ... Professor John Stewart Cameron, Emeritus Professor of Renal Medicine, United Medical and Dental Schools, Guy's Hospital, London ... Ronnie Stuart Levine, General Dental Practitioner and Scientific Adviser to the Health Education Authority, Leeds. For services ...
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials. 94 (1): 230-7. doi:10.1002/jbm.b.31645. PMID 20524199. ... Bis-GMA (bisphenol A-glycidyl methacrylate) is a resin commonly used in dental composite, dental sealants. and dental cement. ... Bearing two polymerizable groups, it is prone to form a crosslinked polymer that is used in dental restorations. For dental ... "Dental Materials". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a08_251.pub2. ...
Due to capacity supply chains limitations, some manufacturers began 3D printing material such as nasal swabs and ventilator ... Bourouiba L (July 2021). "Fluid Dynamics of Respiratory Infectious Diseases". Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering. 23 (1): ... COVID-19 infection prevention and control measures for primary care, including general practitioner practices, dental clinics ... Journal of Biomedical Science. 27 (1): 104. doi:10.1186/s12929-020-00695-2. PMC 7749790. PMID 33341119. Subbarao K (July 2021 ...
Practice materials, including the test specification, practice questions, past papers, and an Assumed Subject Knowledge guide ... Mahidol International Dental School), Suranaree University of Technology, and Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital, ... The BioMedical Admissions Test (BMAT) is an aptitude test used as part of the admissions process for Medicine, Biomedical ...
2006-2009 Visiting Professor Institute of Biomaterials & Bioengineering, Tokyo Medical & Dental University, Japan. 2020 ... Swiss Society for Biomaterials 2004-2012 Honorary Senior Research Fellow Faculty of Biomedical & Life Sciences, University of ... ". "ECM - eCells & Materials Journal - Info - True Open Access". Search Results for author Richards RG on PubMed. (Articles ... "ECM - eCells & Materials ...
Unusual dental pathology in an Illinois Indian ca. 500 A.D. Dental Digest 76: 386-387. (co-authored with RT Koritzer) 1971. ... Hoyme was conducting comparative research, so "as a consequence the final presentation of the material, comparisons, and ... biomedical, and historical data as part of her bioarcheological approach. Ruthann Knudson notes that many established women ... She also conducted research at the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery and the Dental School of the University of Maryland, ...
The material property of toughness is also important for dental implants as well as any other rigid, load-bearing implant such ... "Current development of biodegradable polymeric materials for biomedical applications". Drug Design, Development and Therapy. 12 ... Meyers, Marc A. (2014-07-31). Biological materials science : biological materials, bioinspired materials, and biomaterials. ... The material must be ductile for a similar reason that the tensile strength cannot be too high, ductility allows the material ...
Applied Physics Biomedical Engineering Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Civil and Urban Engineering Computer Science and ... The school also opened a bioengineering facility in partnership with the medical and dental schools. A gift of $100 million ... Weber Research Institute Research Center for Risk Engineering Materials Research Science and Engineering Center Rehabilitation ... Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES), American Chemical Society (ACS), American Physical Society (APS) and the Joint Policy ...
No materials or reagents used in the PCR and analysis rooms should ever be taken into the PCR preparation room without thorough ... It was originally described in a study to verify the presence of the microbe Yersinia pestis in dental samples obtained from ... Journal of Biomedical Discovery and Collaboration. 1: 7. doi:10.1186/1747-5333-1-7. PMC 1523369. PMID 16817955. "Advice on How ... In Scientific American, Mullis summarized the procedure: "Beginning with a single molecule of the genetic material DNA, the PCR ...
D25 - Biomedical and Dental Materials. Coated Materials, Biocompatible. coord with specific coating material. ... Materials developed for a nursing audience. Outlines [Publication Type]. Brief statements of the principal elements of a ... Now the same PT, Legal Cases, will be used for similar information, presented in a similar manner whether this material appears ... As a result, there was a need for new PTs to reflect the breadth of materials in the NLM collections. ...
Biomedical and Dental Materials ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Biomedical and Dental Materials ...
Biomedical and Dental Materials*. Publication Type(s):. Periodical. Notes:. Articles published online throughout the year and ...
Biomedical and Dental Materials [D25] Pharmaceutical Preparations [D26] Chemical Actions and Uses [D27] ... Biomedical and Dental Materials [D25] Pharmaceutical Preparations [D26] Chemical Actions and Uses [D27]. ...
Keywords: biomedical and dental materials; bone regeneration; dental implants; epigenomics; microRNAs; osseointegration. ... Guided bone regeneration: materials and biological mechanisms revisited. Elgali I, Omar O, Dahlin C, Thomsen P. Elgali I, et al ... Materials and Methods: Electronic and manual searches of the literature in PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE were conducted, using a ... Regenerative Medicine Technologies to Treat Dental, Oral, and Craniofacial Defects. Latimer JM, Maekawa S, Yao Y, Wu DT, Chen M ...
Categories: Biomedical and Dental Materials Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
Biomedical and Dental Materials*. Publication Type(s):. Periodical. Notes:. Articles published online throughout the year and ...
... and ceramic materials for biomedical applications; standards development; and advanced characterization of dental materials ... Senior principal scientist, dental materials and devices research. Contact Dr. Liao. Dr. Yifeng Liao conducts dental materials ... His areas of interest include dental materials, including polymer-based restorative materials and dental zirconia; corrosion ... and ceramic materials for biomedical applications; standards development; and advanced characterization of dental materials ...
Memphis Business Journal, February 2022, U of M professor looks to help solve dental problem, using material derived from ... Biomedical Engineering News News. (Mar. 5) BME UG Samantha Hall wins 2nd Place for Outstanding Research at 20th Annual TLSAMP ... 4) Fall 2022 Outstanding Biomedical Engineering Senior Design Project Award (Nov. 22) Jada Sandridge wins 2nd Place at Fall ... Selection of outstanding student designs was based on scores by the Biomedical Engineering Advisory Board members during the ...
Special Issue in Materials: Recent Advances in Laser Technology for Dental Materials and Biomedical Engineering. Special Issue ... A special issue of Photonics (ISSN 2304-6732). This special issue belongs to the section "Biophotonics and Biomedical Optics". ... Dental topical anesthetic agents can help to reduce pain perception; however, adverse events can occur. To investigate the ... Dental topical anesthetic agents can help to reduce pain perception; however, adverse events can occur. To investigate the ...
Lists the specific areas of interest of the Dental Materials and Biomaterials Program. ... Notice of Special Interest (NOSI): Administrative Supplement for Continuity of Biomedical and Behavioral Research Among First- ... NIDCR encourages basic and translational extramural research in dental materials, medical devices, biosensors, imaging, dental ... The Dental Materials and Biomaterials Program supports development of innovative approaches to restore tissue function by ...
Manufactured Materials [J01.637]. *Biomedical and Dental Materials [J01.637.051]. *Polymers [J01.637.051.720] ... Advanced manufacturing of microdisk vaccines for uniform control of material properties and immune cell function. Biomater Sci ...
Manufactured Materials [J01.637] * Adhesives [J01.637.016] * Biomedical and Dental Materials [J01.637.051] * Alloys [J01.637. ... Biomedical and Dental Materials Preferred Term Term UI T004943. Date01/01/1999. LexicalTag NON. ThesaurusID NLM (1974). ... Biomedical and Dental Materials. Tree Number(s). D25. D27.720.102. J01.637.051. Unique ID. D001697. RDF Unique Identifier. http ... Biomedical and Dental Materials Preferred Concept UI. M0002544. Registry Number. 0. Scope Note. Substances used in biomedicine ...
Biomedical and Dental Materials 1 * Biomedical Engineering 1 * /cytology 1 * Candida 1 ... Administration, Intravenous, Education, Patient Safety, Translational Research, Biomedical/education, Practice Guideline, ...
Biomedical Foundations I. * RSDM 5511. Dental Materials. * BIOM 8050. Intro to Research I. ... Dental Student Wellness and Responsibility, 2022 Material Regarding New Courses/Curricula *History of the Oral Healthcare ... Material Regarding New Courses/Curricula *Biological effects of nickel and hyperglycemic conditions on differentiating ... The Dental College of Georgia Student Affairs Committee ex-officio 2018 - Present ...
Biomedical and Dental Materials,N0000008182, Quinones,N0000008181, Triterpenes,N0000008180, Steroids, Heterocyclic,N0000008179 ... Dental Materials,N0000011241, Dental Cements,N0000011240, Dentin-Bonding Agents,N0000011239, acrylic acid, polymers,N0000011238 ... Biocompatible Materials,N0000011315, Imidazolidines,N0000011314, Androgen Antagonists,N0000011313, Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors, ...
Clarification of NIH Policy on Post-Submission Application Materials for PAR-16-106 ... National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB). National Institute on Dental and Craniofacial Research ( ... provides policy guidance for post-submission application materials. Post-submission application materials are those submitted ... National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB). Phone: 301-496-9474. Email: [email protected] ...
Bhaduri SB, Bhaduri S. Biomaterials for dental apliccations. In: Narayan R. Biomedical Materials. 1st ed. New York, Springer, ...
Biomedical and Dental Materials [D27.720.102] Biomedical and Dental Materials * Biocompatible Materials [D27.720.102.130] ...
Biomedical and Dental Materials [D27.720.102] Biomedical and Dental Materials * Biocompatible Materials [D27.720.102.130] ... From Bouchers Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed). Allowable Qualifiers:. AD administration & dosage. AE adverse effects. AN ...
Manufactured Materials [J01.637] * Adhesives [J01.637.016] * Biomedical and Dental Materials [J01.637.051] * Alloys [J01.637. ... Biomedical and Dental Materials Preferred Term Term UI T004943. Date01/01/1999. LexicalTag NON. ThesaurusID NLM (1974). ... Biomedical and Dental Materials. Tree Number(s). D25. D27.720.102. J01.637.051. Unique ID. D001697. RDF Unique Identifier. http ... Biomedical and Dental Materials Preferred Concept UI. M0002544. Registry Number. 0. Scope Note. Substances used in biomedicine ...
bodm Biomedical or Dental Material bpoc Body Part, Organ, or Organ Component ...
... having a significant clinical impact on dental care. ... Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, vol ... D. Pieniak, A. Walczak, M. Walczak, K. Przystupa, and A. M. Niewczas, "Hardness and wear resistance of dental biomedical ... of dental restorative materials. Additionally, the research has been conducted on the impact of drinks or acidic foods on teeth ... Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 733-742, 2012. ...
The designed material was referred to as "biomaterial" afterwards and will recover a lot of biomedical applications for ... Jones F. H. Teeth and bones: applications of surface science to dental materials and related biomaterials. Surface Science ... It is therefore important for biomedical as well as many other applications that the surface characteristics of a material of ... Shabalovskaya S.A. Biocompatibility aspects of Nitinol as an implant material, Biomedical Materialsand Engeneering, 2002. ...
A Novel Accelerator for Improving the Handling Properties of Dental Filling Materials. Hsieh, S. C., Teng, N. C., Lin, Y. C., ... Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part B Applied Biomaterials. 91, 2, p. 621-625 5 p.. Research output: Contribution ... Shen, L. K., Huang, H. M., Yu, J. J., Lee, S. Y., Lee, C. M. & Hsieh, S. C., Jun 2009, In: Journal of Dental Sciences. 4, 2, p ... Wu, E. Y., Ou, K. L., Ou, S. F., Jandt, K. D. & Pan, Y. N., Apr 2009, In: Materials Transactions. 50, 4, p. 891-898 8 p.. ...
A subgroup analysis by age revealed that boys and girls between the ages of 5 to 14 were given a dental age estimate that was ... Differences between underestimated dental ages and actual chronological ages were lower for male and female 15- and 16-year-old ... Overall, we found that Demirjians method overestimated dental age by 0.35 (4.2 months) and 0.39 (4.68 months) years in males ... While the accuracy for evaluating dental age using Demirjians method compared to childrens chronological age has been ...
Biofilm formation on dental restorative and implant materials.. Busscher HJ; Rinastiti M; Siswomihardjo W; van der Mei HC. J ... Antibacterial surfaces for biomedical devices.. Vasilev K; Cook J; Griesser HJ. Expert Rev Med Devices; 2009 Sep; 6(5):553-67. ... 6. Evaluation of antimicrobial effects of novel implant materials by testing the prevention of biofilm formation using a simple ...
Biomedical and Dental Materials, Ceramics, Dental Restoration, Permanent, Oral Hygiene, Mouth Neoplasms, Periodontics, ... Dental Bonding, Orthodontic Extrusion, Esthetics, Dental, Acrylic Resins, Dental Materials, "Odontologia", Implante Dentário ... Dental Bonding, Orthodontic Extrusion, Esthetics, Dental, Acrylic Resins, Dental Materials, "Especialidades Odontológicas e ... Dental Bonding, Orthodontic Extrusion, Esthetics, Dental, Acrylic Resins, Dental Materials, "Odontologia", aologiaologia, ...
  • The Dental Materials and Biomaterials Program supports development of innovative approaches to restore tissue function by replacement and/or enhancement of dental, oral and craniofacial tissues compromised by trauma or disease. (
  • NIDCR encourages basic and translational extramural research in dental materials, medical devices, biosensors, imaging, dental implants, biocompatibility of dental materials, and biomaterials for craniofacial restoration and reconstruction. (
  • 16. Bhaduri SB, Bhaduri S. Biomaterials for dental apliccations. (
  • The Open Biomaterials Science Journal is an Open Access online journal, which publishes Research, Case Studies, Reviews/ Mini-review and Letter articles in the field of biomaterials, biomedical device application, bioengineering, tissue engineering and medical items, aiming at providing the most complete and reliable source of information on current developments in the field. (
  • Design and synthesis of phoreactive polymers for biomedical applications -- 12. (
  • His areas of interest include orthodontic materials, composite and zirconia restorative materials, antimicrobial materials, additive manufacturing in dentistry, and research dissemination and communications. (
  • Students in the Faculties of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of British Columbia used to take a joint biomedical curriculum, even though a 2010 assessment of the program found that only 47% of the material was "need to know. (
  • Adam Roye, dentistry student, will present "Management of an Aberrant Maxillary Labial Frenum in Conjunction with Orthodontic Therapy" and Dr. Michael Roach, associate professor of dentistry in the Department of Biomedical Materials Science, will present "Surface Factors Influencing Bacterial Attachment and Bone Integration for Titanium Implant Materials" as part of Dental Grand Rounds at 8 a.m. on Tuesday, Dec. 13, in classroom R153 (lower amphitheatre). (
  • A biocompatible polymer used as a surgical suture material. (
  • 16. Antibacterial surfaces for biomedical devices. (
  • These nanocrystalline cellulose-based biomedical materials are widely utilized in medical implants, drug delivery systems, wound healing, tissue engineering, cardiovascular disease, and antibacterial/antimicrobial activities. (
  • Nanostructured selenium- a novel biologically-inspired material for antibacterial medical device applications -- 9. (
  • Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself. (
  • Nanocrystalline cellulose is a renewable nanomaterial that has gained a lot of attention for its use as a biomedical material due to its exceptional physical and biological properties, such as surface chemistry, low toxicity, biodegradability, and biocompatibility. (
  • Selection of outstanding student designs was based on scores by the Biomedical Engineering Advisory Board members during the Spring senior design presentations. (
  • Strategy for a biomimetic paradigm in dental and craniofacial tissue engineering -- 7. (
  • Biomimetic materials for engineering stem cells and tissues. (
  • 15. Biofilm formation on dental restorative and implant materials. (
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the change of the surface micro-hardness of different restorative CAD/CAM materials after exposure to a carbonated acidic drink (Coca-Cola, Coca-Cola Company, Milan, Italy). (
  • Rank the hardness of dentin and enamel with respect to common dental restorative materials, and explain why caution is warranted in the comparison of Knoop and nano-hardness values. (
  • In Craig's Restorative Dental Materials (Thirteenth Edition), 2012. (
  • Purpose: To evaluate the effect of composition, fabrication mode, and thermal cycling on the mechanical properties of different polymeric systems used for temporary dental prostheses. (
  • Conclusion: Composition and fabrication mode and thermal cycling significantly affected the mechanical properties of polymeric systems used for temporary dental prostheses. (
  • 6. Evaluation of antimicrobial effects of novel implant materials by testing the prevention of biofilm formation using a simple small scale medium-throughput growth inhibition assay. (
  • Knoop has been used for a wider range of materials, from amalgam and ceramics to resin-based composites, but is also useful for materials that vary in hardness over an area of interest, such as enamel and dentin. (
  • The NIH policy on post-submission application materials specifies that, for the majority of applications, the only post-submission materials that the NIH will accept are those resulting from unforeseen administrative issues. (
  • Therefore, for applications submitted to PAR-16-106 , post-submission materials must be received by the Scientific Review Officer (SRO) no later than 15 calendar days prior to the review meeting and must meet all the other requirements described in NOT-OD-13-030 . (
  • Porous low modulus Ti40Nb compacts with electrodeposited hydroxyapatite coating for biomedical applications. (
  • A. These mechanical properties of brittle dental materials are important for the dentist to understand in designing a restoration or making adjustments to a prosthesis. (
  • His research focuses on the synthesis, processing, characterization, and application of biomedical materials and dental devices. (
  • The ADASRI Department of Applied Research delivers consumer value via the ADA Seal of Acceptance Program and professional value via dental product evaluation and ANSI/ADA standards methods development in its Chicago laboratories. (
  • She studies and tests in vitro oral biofilm models for assessment of antimicrobial and cytotoxic properties of dental products and materials. (
  • Background A method for assessing dental maturity in different populations was first developed in 1973 by Demirjian and has been widely used and accepted since then. (
  • Among these proposed methods, one of the most widely applied methods for ascertaining dental age is the eight stage system introduced by Demirjian et al. (
  • Materials and Methods: Electronic and manual searches of the literature in PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE were conducted, using a specific search strategy limited to publications in the last 5 years to identify preclinical studies in order to address the following focused questions: (i) Which, if any, are the epigenetic mechanisms used to functionalize implant surfaces to achieve better osseointegration? (
  • In addition to supervising the department's researchers, she manages the department's laboratory testing of dental materials and devices, ANSI/ADA standards methods development, and ADA Seal of Acceptance certification of over-the-counter oral health care products. (
  • Dr. Prerna Gopal leads the ADASRI's efforts to develop new innovative methods for evaluating safety and efficacy of dental products. (
  • Various methods employed for determining dental age are based on the degree of the calcification observed in radiographic examinations of permanent teeth [ 10 - 14 ]. (
  • Dec 10, 2020 To measure the chemical composition, Knoop hardness, surface roughness, and composite bond strength of additive manufactured (AM) and conventional interim materials. (
  • While the accuracy for evaluating dental age using Demirjian's method compared to children's chronological age has been extensively studied in recent years, the results currently available remain controversial and ambiguous. (
  • The two major approaches used to estimate dental age are the stage of tooth eruption in the oral cavity and the pattern of tooth development observed in radiographs [ 5 , 6 ]. (
  • Coated Materials, Biocompatible" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Coated Materials, Biocompatible" by people in this website by year, and whether "Coated Materials, Biocompatible" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Coated Materials, Biocompatible" by people in Profiles. (
  • These findings imply that ATR-FTIR may be an effective noninvasive technique for detecting erosion-induced changes in dentin, having a significant clinical impact on dental care. (
  • Dtsch Zahnarztl Z. At present, there is no systematic review, which supports the clinicians' criteria, in the selection of a specific material over another for a particular clinical situation. (
  • Provisional restorations represent an important phase during the rehabilitation process, knowledge of the mechanical properties of the available materials allows us to predict their clinical performance. (
  • Advanced manufacturing of microdisk vaccines for uniform control of material properties and immune cell function. (
  • While the compressive and bending forces that comprise the bite force are known, mechanical properties of teeth due … Hardness is an important mechanical property of dental materials and is defined as the resistance to permanent surface indentation. (
  • NOT-OD-13-030 " Reminders and Updates: NIH Policy on Post-Submission Application Materials " provides policy guidance for post-submission application materials. (
  • Post-submission application materials are those submitted after submission of the grant application but prior to the initial peer review. (
  • Kristy Azzolin manages the operational activities at the ADASRI laboratory in Chicago, including helping to connect dental students and post-graduate researchers with internship opportunities. (
  • Yan J, Lou X, Xie L, Yu D, Shen G, Wang Y (2013) Assessment of Dental Age of Children Aged 3.5 to 16.9 Years Using Demirjian's Method: A Meta-Analysis Based on 26 Studies. (
  • The blueprint for the test was a grid, with horizontal rows representing different dental areas, and columns representing the assessment of patients. (
  • Hardness is an important mechanical property of dental materials and is defined as the resistance to permanent surface indentation. (
  • Dr. Gopal's areas of interest include microbiology, dental materials, the ADA Seal of Acceptance, dental standards, and infection control. (
  • Lawrence's areas of interest include the ADA Seal of Acceptance, oral care products, and dental research. (
  • It is suitable to be applied to determine the hardness of small areas and for very hard materials. (
  • Overall, we found that Demirjian's method overestimated dental age by 0.35 (4.2 months) and 0.39 (4.68 months) years in males and females, respectively. (
  • Differences between underestimated dental ages and actual chronological ages were lower for male and female 15- and 16-year-old subgroups, though a significant difference was found in the 16-year-old subgroup. (
  • Within the limitations of this study, the 3D-printed resin materials were not found to release BPA. (
  • Furthermore, it provides an overview of the most recent advancements in nanocrystalline cellulose and their nanocomposites in the biomedical field. (
  • Conclusions Demirjian's method's overestimation of actual chronological tooth age reveals the need for population-specific standards to better estimate the rate of human dental maturation. (
  • Measuring the stage of dental eruption is not a currently preferred method because tooth eruption is a discontinuous process, in contrast to tooth calcification, which is an ongoing process [ 7 ]. (
  • Thus, tooth formation, for the reasons mentioned above, should be considered as a more reliable criterion for determining dental maturation than tooth eruption. (
  • Dental erosion (DE) is the depletion of the structure over time that results in the demineralization of the tooth [ 1 , 2 ]. (
  • Hardness of acrylic resin (VIV), composite resin (ORT) and porcelain (POR) denture tooth materials was measured using a traditional Vickers hardness (HV) method and Martens hardness (HM) method at 2, 10 and 50 N test loads. (
  • This study aimed to assess the release of BPA from commercially available 3-dimensional (3D)-printed resin materials and evaluate BPA-related apoptotic effects on human periodontal ligament cells and gingival fibroblasts. (
  • FTIR spectra were recorded pre and post curing and after thermal cycling to evaluate material composition and degree of conversion. (
  • The faculty examined dental competency documents from Canada and the United States to create the progress surveys. (
  • However, dental maturity indicators have received more attention and are thought to be more useful indices of maturation since they exhibit less variability than other bone and skeletal tissues, which are more susceptible to exogenic factors, such as malnutrition or systematic diseases [ 3 , 4 ]. (
  • Dentin is largely organic, as opposed to enamel, which is primarily mineral with traces of collagen, organic material, and water [ 9 ]. (
  • The changes in learning also required changes in how that learning was being measured, which can be difficult in professional schools like dental schools that focus on competency-based education. (
  • She is actively involved in research and development of dental standards and manages the scientific operation of the ADA Seal of Acceptance program. (
  • It is generally accepted that several indicators of somatic development, including skeletal, dental and menarche ages, somatic maturity, sexual maturation, body height and weight, can be used to determine the chronological age and to assess the growth and development of children [ 2 ]. (
  • Material Safety Data Sheet. (

No images available that match "biomedical and dental materials"