The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
A dead body, usually a human body.
The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.
The maximum compression a material can withstand without failure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p427)
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
Numerical expression indicating the measure of stiffness in a material. It is defined by the ratio of stress in a unit area of substance to the resulting deformation (strain). This allows the behavior of a material under load (such as bone) to be calculated.
Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.
VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
Manner or style of walking.
Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.
The spinal or vertebral column.
The bony deposit formed between and around the broken ends of BONE FRACTURES during normal healing.
The behaviors of materials under force.
X-RAY COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY with resolution in the micrometer range.
A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)
The position or attitude of the body.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.
The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.
The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.
The force applied by the masticatory muscles in dental occlusion.
A pair of cone-shaped elastic mucous membrane projecting from the laryngeal wall and forming a narrow slit between them. Each contains a thickened free edge (vocal ligament) extending from the THYROID CARTILAGE to the ARYTENOID CARTILAGE, and a VOCAL MUSCLE that shortens or relaxes the vocal cord to control sound production.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
A protective layer of firm, flexible cartilage over the articulating ends of bones. It provides a smooth surface for joint movement, protecting the ends of long bones from wear at points of contact.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A band of fibrous tissue that attaches the apex of the PATELLA to the lower part of the tubercle of the TIBIA. The ligament is actually the caudal continuation of the common tendon of the QUADRICEPS FEMORIS. The patella is embedded in that tendon. As such, the patellar ligament can be thought of as connecting the quadriceps femoris tendon to the tibia, and therefore it is sometimes called the patellar tendon.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.
Injuries to the fibrous cords of connective tissue which attach muscles to bones or other structures.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
The process by which cells convert mechanical stimuli into a chemical response. It can occur in both cells specialized for sensing mechanical cues such as MECHANORECEPTORS, and in parenchymal cells whose primary function is not mechanosensory.
Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
A twisting deformation of a solid body about an axis. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.
A fibrous cord that connects the muscles in the back of the calf to the HEEL BONE.
The quality or state of being able to be bent or creased repeatedly. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.
An idiopathic vascular disorder characterized by bilateral Raynaud phenomenon, the abrupt onset of digital paleness or CYANOSIS in response to cold exposure or stress.
The process of producing vocal sounds by means of VOCAL CORDS vibrating in an expiratory blast of air.
Processes and properties of the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
Generating tissue in vitro for clinical applications, such as replacing wounded tissues or impaired organs. The use of TISSUE SCAFFOLDING enables the generation of complex multi-layered tissues and tissue structures.
Shiny, flexible bands of fibrous tissue connecting together articular extremities of bones. They are pliant, tough, and inextensile.
Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.
Devices which are used in the treatment of orthopedic injuries and diseases.
The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.
A polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of SKIN; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; and the organic substance of bones (BONE AND BONES) and teeth (TOOTH).
Fractures of the femur.
Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
The white, opaque, fibrous, outer tunic of the eyeball, covering it entirely excepting the segment covered anteriorly by the cornea. It is essentially avascular but contains apertures for vessels, lymphatics, and nerves. It receives the tendons of insertion of the extraocular muscles and at the corneoscleral junction contains the canal of Schlemm. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
General or unspecified injuries to the posterior part of the trunk. It includes injuries to the muscles of the back.
Application of principles and practices of engineering science to biomedical research and health care.
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
Non-human animals, selected because of specific characteristics, for use in experimental research, teaching, or testing.
An increase in the rate of speed.
The joint that occurs between facets of the interior and superior articular processes of adjacent VERTEBRAE.
Steel wires, often threaded through the skin, soft tissues, and bone, used to fix broken bones. Kirschner wires or apparatus also includes the application of traction to the healing bones through the wires.
Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
Moving or bringing something from a lower level to a higher one. The concept encompasses biomechanic stresses resulting from work done in transferring objects from one plane to another as well as the effects of varying techniques of patient handling and transfer.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
Implants used in arthroscopic surgery and other orthopedic procedures to attach soft tissue to bone. One end of a suture is tied to soft tissue and the other end to the implant. The anchors are made of a variety of materials including titanium, stainless steel, or absorbable polymers.
Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.
Distensibility measure of a chamber such as the lungs (LUNG COMPLIANCE) or bladder. Compliance is expressed as a change in volume per unit change in pressure.
Cell growth support structures composed of BIOCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS. They are specially designed solid support matrices for cell attachment in TISSUE ENGINEERING and GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION uses.
Polymerized methyl methacrylate monomers which are used as sheets, moulding, extrusion powders, surface coating resins, emulsion polymers, fibers, inks, and films (From International Labor Organization, 1983). This material is also used in tooth implants, bone cements, and hard corneal contact lenses.
The transparent anterior portion of the fibrous coat of the eye consisting of five layers: stratified squamous CORNEAL EPITHELIUM; BOWMAN MEMBRANE; CORNEAL STROMA; DESCEMET MEMBRANE; and mesenchymal CORNEAL ENDOTHELIUM. It serves as the first refracting medium of the eye. It is structurally continuous with the SCLERA, avascular, receiving its nourishment by permeation through spaces between the lamellae, and is innervated by the ophthalmic division of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE via the ciliary nerves and those of the surrounding conjunctiva which together form plexuses. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
The replacement of intervertebral discs in the spinal column with artificial devices. The procedure is done in the lumbar or cervical spine to relieve severe pain resulting from INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION.
A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.
Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.
A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.
Applies to movements of the forearm in turning the palm backward or downward. When referring to the foot, a combination of eversion and abduction movements in the tarsal and metatarsal joints (turning the foot up and in toward the midline of the body).
Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.
A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Tissue that supports and binds other tissues. It consists of CONNECTIVE TISSUE CELLS embedded in a large amount of EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX.
Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.
An articulation between the condyle of the mandible and the articular tubercle of the temporal bone.
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
Broken bones in the vertebral column.
The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).
Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
The interarticular fibrocartilages of the superior surface of the tibia.
The flat, triangular bone situated at the anterior part of the KNEE.
The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.
Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.
Breaks in bones.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A plate of fibrous tissue that divides the temporomandibular joint into an upper and lower cavity. The disc is attached to the articular capsule and moves forward with the condyle in free opening and protrusion. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p92)
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The use of nails that are inserted into bone cavities in order to keep fractured bones together.
A type of CARTILAGE whose matrix contains large bundles of COLLAGEN TYPE I. Fibrocartilage is typically found in the INTERVERTEBRAL DISK; PUBIC SYMPHYSIS; TIBIAL MENISCI; and articular disks in synovial JOINTS. (From Ross et. al., Histology, 3rd ed., p132,136)
A meshwork-like substance found within the extracellular space and in association with the basement membrane of the cell surface. It promotes cellular proliferation and provides a supporting structure to which cells or cell lysates in culture dishes adhere.
A family of structurally related collagens that form the characteristic collagen fibril bundles seen in CONNECTIVE TISSUE.
The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.
Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.
General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
Surgical insertion of a prosthesis.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The measurement of curvature and shape of the anterior surface of the cornea using techniques such as keratometry, keratoscopy, photokeratoscopy, profile photography, computer-assisted image processing and videokeratography. This measurement is often applied in the fitting of contact lenses and in diagnosing corneal diseases or corneal changes including keratoconus, which occur after keratotomy and keratoplasty.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Connective tissue comprised chiefly of elastic fibers. Elastic fibers have two components: ELASTIN and MICROFIBRILS.
Materials used in closing a surgical or traumatic wound. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A noninflammatory, usually bilateral protrusion of the cornea, the apex being displaced downward and nasally. It occurs most commonly in females at about puberty. The cause is unknown but hereditary factors may play a role. The -conus refers to the cone shape of the corneal protrusion. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Degenerative changes in the INTERVERTEBRAL DISC due to aging or structural damage, especially to the vertebral end-plates.
The application of LUBRICANTS to diminish FRICTION between two surfaces.
The pressure of the fluids in the eye.
The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.
Synthetic or natural materials for the replacement of bones or bone tissue. They include hard tissue replacement polymers, natural coral, hydroxyapatite, beta-tricalcium phosphate, and various other biomaterials. The bone substitutes as inert materials can be incorporated into surrounding tissue or gradually replaced by original tissue.
The region of the lower limb between the FOOT and the LEG.
Polymorphic cells that form cartilage.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.
Also known as articulations, these are points of connection between the ends of certain separate bones, or where the borders of other bones are juxtaposed.
Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.
The musculotendinous sheath formed by the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and teres minor muscles. These help stabilize the head of the HUMERUS in the glenoid fossa and allow for rotation of the SHOULDER JOINT about its longitudinal axis.
The first digit on the radial side of the hand which in humans lies opposite the other four.
Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.
The central part of the body to which the neck and limbs are attached.
Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot.
Markedly reduced or absent REPERFUSION in an infarct zone following the removal of an obstruction or constriction of an artery.
A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.
The continuous turnover of BONE MATRIX and mineral that involves first an increase in BONE RESORPTION (osteoclastic activity) and later, reactive BONE FORMATION (osteoblastic activity). The process of bone remodeling takes place in the adult skeleton at discrete foci. The process ensures the mechanical integrity of the skeleton throughout life and plays an important role in calcium HOMEOSTASIS. An imbalance in the regulation of bone remodeling's two contrasting events, bone resorption and bone formation, results in many of the metabolic bone diseases, such as OSTEOPOROSIS.
The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.
The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.
The fibrous CONNECTIVE TISSUE surrounding the TOOTH ROOT, separating it from and attaching it to the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS).
Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.
The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.
The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.
A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.
External devices which hold wires or pins that are placed through one or both cortices of bone in order to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment. These devices allow easy access to wounds, adjustment during the course of healing, and more functional use of the limbs involved.
The five long bones of the METATARSUS, articulating with the TARSAL BONES proximally and the PHALANGES OF TOES distally.
Computer-assisted study of methods for obtaining useful quantitative solutions to problems that have been expressed mathematically.
Orthodontic techniques used to correct the malposition of a single tooth.
Thick triangular muscle in the SHOULDER whose function is to abduct, flex, and extend the arm. It is a common site of INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTIONS.
Prosthetic replacements for arms, legs, and parts thereof.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
A scientific tool based on ULTRASONOGRAPHY and used not only for the observation of microstructure in metalwork but also in living tissue. In biomedical application, the acoustic propagation speed in normal and abnormal tissues can be quantified to distinguish their tissue elasticity and other properties.
The study of systems which respond disproportionately (nonlinearly) to initial conditions or perturbing stimuli. Nonlinear systems may exhibit "chaos" which is classically characterized as sensitive dependence on initial conditions. Chaotic systems, while distinguished from more ordered periodic systems, are not random. When their behavior over time is appropriately displayed (in "phase space"), constraints are evident which are described by "strange attractors". Phase space representations of chaotic systems, or strange attractors, usually reveal fractal (FRACTALS) self-similarity across time scales. Natural, including biological, systems often display nonlinear dynamics and chaos.
Measurement of ocular tension (INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE) with a tonometer. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Renewal or repair of lost bone tissue. It excludes BONY CALLUS formed after BONE FRACTURES but not yet replaced by hard bone.
Microscopy using polarized light in which phenomena due to the preferential orientation of optical properties with respect to the vibration plane of the polarized light are made visible and correlated parameters are made measurable.
The use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.
Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.
The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
The outer shorter of the two bones of the FOREARM, lying parallel to the ULNA and partially revolving around it.
Thin outer membrane that surrounds a bone. It contains CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CAPILLARIES, nerves, and a number of cell types.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
A prominent projection of the ulna that that articulates with the humerus and forms the outer protuberance of the ELBOW JOINT.
A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.
A non-vascular form of connective tissue composed of CHONDROCYTES embedded in a matrix that includes CHONDROITIN SULFATE and various types of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are three major types: HYALINE CARTILAGE; FIBROCARTILAGE; and ELASTIC CARTILAGE.
A game in which a round inflated ball is advanced by kicking or propelling with any part of the body except the hands or arms. The object of the game is to place the ball in opposite goals.
A type of scanning probe microscopy in which a probe systematically rides across the surface of a sample being scanned in a raster pattern. The vertical position is recorded as a spring attached to the probe rises and falls in response to peaks and valleys on the surface. These deflections produce a topographic map of the sample.
Excision, in part or whole, of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. The most common indication is disk displacement or herniation. In addition to standard surgical removal, it can be performed by percutaneous diskectomy (DISKECTOMY, PERCUTANEOUS) or by laparoscopic diskectomy, the former being the more common.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.

Cerebellar Purkinje cell simple spike discharge encodes movement velocity in primates during visuomotor arm tracking. (1/12618)

Pathophysiological, lesion, and electrophysiological studies suggest that the cerebellar cortex is important for controlling the direction and speed of movement. The relationship of cerebellar Purkinje cell discharge to the control of arm movement parameters, however, remains unclear. The goal of this study was to examine how movement direction and speed and their interaction-velocity-modulate Purkinje cell simple spike discharge in an arm movement task in which direction and speed were independently controlled. The simple spike discharge of 154 Purkinje cells was recorded in two monkeys during the performance of two visuomotor tasks that required the animals to track targets that moved in one of eight directions and at one of four speeds. Single-parameter regression analyses revealed that a large proportion of cells had discharge modulation related to movement direction and speed. Most cells with significant directional tuning, however, were modulated at one speed, and most cells with speed-related discharge were modulated along one direction; this suggested that the patterns of simple spike discharge were not adequately described by single-parameter models. Therefore, a regression surface was fitted to the data, which showed that the discharge could be tuned to specific direction-speed combinations (preferred velocities). The overall variability in simple spike discharge was well described by the surface model, and the velocities corresponding to maximal and minimal discharge rates were distributed uniformly throughout the workspace. Simple spike discharge therefore appears to integrate information about both the direction and speed of arm movements, thereby encoding movement velocity.  (+info)

Flow-mediated vasodilation and distensibility of the brachial artery in renal allograft recipients. (2/12618)

BACKGROUND: Alterations of large artery function and structure are frequently observed in renal allograft recipients. However, endothelial function has not yet been assessed in this population. METHODS: Flow-mediated vasodilation is a useful index of endothelial function. We measured the diameter and distensibility of the brachial artery at rest using high-resolution ultrasound and Doppler frequency analysis of vessel wall movements in the M mode. Thereafter, changes in brachial artery diameter were measured during reactive hyperemia (after 4 min of forearm occlusion) in 16 cyclosporine-treated renal allograft recipients and 16 normal controls of similar age and sex ratio. Nitroglycerin-mediated vasodilation was measured to assess endothelium-independent vasodilation. Brachial artery blood pressure was measured using an automatic sphygmomanometer, and brachial artery flow was estimated using pulsed Doppler. RESULTS: Distensibility was reduced in renal allograft recipients (5.31 +/- 0. 74 vs. 9.10 +/- 0.94 x 10-3/kPa, P = 0.003, mean +/- sem), while the brachial artery diameter at rest was higher (4.13 +/- 0.14 vs. 3.25 +/- 0.14 mm, P < 0.001). Flow-mediated vasodilation was significantly reduced in renal allograft recipients (0.13 +/- 0.08 vs. 0.60 +/- 0.08 mm or 3 +/- 2 vs. 19 +/- 3%, both P < 0.001). However, nitroglycerin-mediated vasodilation was similar in renal allograft recipients and controls (0.76 +/- 0.10 vs. 0.77 +/- 0.09 mm, NS, or 19 +/- 3 vs. 22 +/- 2%, NS). There were no significant differences in brachial artery flow at rest and during reactive hyperemia between both groups. The impairments of flow-mediated vasodilation and distensibility in renal allograft recipients remained significant after correction for serum cholesterol, creatinine, parathyroid hormone concentrations, end-diastolic diameter, as well as blood pressure levels, and were also present in eight renal allograft recipients not treated with cyclosporine. Flow-mediated vasodilation was not related to distensibility in either group. CONCLUSIONS: The results show impaired endothelial function and reduced brachial artery distensibility in renal allograft recipients. The impairments of flow-mediated vasodilation and distensibility are not attributable to a diminished brachial artery vasodilator capacity, because endothelium-independent vasodilation was preserved in renal allograft recipients.  (+info)

Phase reversal of biomechanical functions and muscle activity in backward pedaling. (3/12618)

Computer simulations of pedaling have shown that a wide range of pedaling tasks can be performed if each limb has the capability of executing six biomechanical functions, which are arranged into three pairs of alternating antagonistic functions. An Ext/Flex pair accelerates the limb into extension or flexion, a Plant/Dorsi pair accelerates the foot into plantarflexion or dorsiflexion, and an Ant/Post pair accelerates the foot anteriorly or posteriorly relative to the pelvis. Because each biomechanical function (i.e., Ext, Flex, Plant, Dorsi, Ant, or Post) contributes to crank propulsion during a specific region in the cycle, phasing of a muscle is hypothesized to be a consequence of its ability to contribute to one or more of the biomechanical functions. Analysis of electromyogram (EMG) patterns has shown that this biomechanical framework assists in the interpretation of muscle activity in healthy and hemiparetic subjects during forward pedaling. Simulations show that backward pedaling can be produced with a phase shift of 180 degrees in the Ant/Post pair. No phase shifts in the Ext/Flex and Plant/Dorsi pairs are then necessary. To further test whether this simple yet biomechanically viable strategy may be used by the nervous system, EMGs from 7 muscles in 16 subjects were measured during backward as well as forward pedaling. As predicted, phasing in vastus medialis (VM), tibialis anterior (TA), medial gastrocnemius (MG), and soleus (SL) were unaffected by pedaling direction, with VM and SL contributing to Ext, MG to Plant, and TA to Dorsi. In contrast, phasing in biceps femoris (BF) and semimembranosus (SM) were affected by pedaling direction, as predicted, compatible with their contribution to the directionally sensitive Post function. Phasing of rectus femoris (RF) was also affected by pedaling direction; however, its ability to contribute to the directionally sensitive Ant function may only be expressed in forward pedaling. RF also contributed significantly to the directionally insensitive Ext function in both forward and backward pedaling. Other muscles also appear to have contributed to more than one function, which was especially evident in backward pedaling (i.e. , BF, SM, MG, and TA to Flex). We conclude that the phasing of only the Ant and Post biomechanical functions are directionally sensitive. Further, we suggest that task-dependent modulation of the expression of the functions in the motor output provides this biomechanics-based neural control scheme with the capability to execute a variety of lower limb tasks, including walking.  (+info)

Kinetic and thermodynamic aspects of lipid translocation in biological membranes. (4/12618)

A theoretical analysis of the lipid translocation in cellular bilayer membranes is presented. We focus on an integrative model of active and passive transport processes determining the asymmetrical distribution of the major lipid components between the monolayers. The active translocation of the aminophospholipids phosphatidylserine and phosphatidylethanolamine is mathematically described by kinetic equations resulting from a realistic ATP-dependent transport mechanism. Concerning the passive transport of the aminophospholipids as well as of phosphatidylcholine, sphingomyelin, and cholesterol, two different approaches are used. The first treatment makes use of thermodynamic flux-force relationships. Relevant forces are transversal concentration differences of the lipids as well as differences in the mechanical states of the monolayers due to lateral compressions. Both forces, originating primarily from the operation of an aminophospholipid translocase, are expressed as functions of the lipid compositions of the two monolayers. In the case of mechanical forces, lipid-specific parameters such as different molecular surface areas and compression force constants are taken into account. Using invariance principles, it is shown how the phenomenological coefficients depend on the total lipid amounts. In a second approach, passive transport is analyzed in terms of kinetic mechanisms of carrier-mediated translocation, where mechanical effects are incorporated into the translocation rate constants. The thermodynamic as well as the kinetic approach are applied to simulate the time-dependent redistribution of the lipid components in human red blood cells. In the thermodynamic model the steady-state asymmetrical lipid distribution of erythrocyte membranes is simulated well under certain parameter restrictions: 1) the time scales of uncoupled passive transbilayer movement must be different among the lipid species; 2) positive cross-couplings of the passive lipid fluxes are needed, which, however, may be chosen lipid-unspecifically. A comparison of the thermodynamic and the kinetic approaches reveals that antiport mechanisms for passive lipid movements may be excluded. Simulations with kinetic symport mechanisms are in qualitative agreement with experimental data but show discrepancies in the asymmetrical distribution for sphingomyelin.  (+info)

A pilot study on the human body vibration induced by low frequency noise. (5/12618)

To understand the basic characteristics of the human body vibration induced by low frequency noise and to use it to evaluate the effects on health, we designed a measuring method with a miniature accelerometer and carried out preliminary measurements. Vibration was measured on the chest and abdomen of 6 male subjects who were exposed to pure tones in the frequency range of 20 to 50 Hz, where the method we designed was proved to be sensitive enough to detect vibration on the body surface. The level and rate of increase with frequency of the vibration turned out to be higher on the chest than on the abdomen. This difference was considered to be due to the mechanical structure of the human body. It also turned out that the measured noise-induced vibration negatively correlated with the subject's BMI (Body Mass Index), which suggested that the health effects of low frequency noise depended not only on the mechanical structure but also on the physical constitution of the human body.  (+info)

Morphology and mechanics of tongue movement in the African pig-nosed frog Hemisus marmoratum: a muscular hydrostatic model. (6/12618)

The goal of this study was to investigate morphological adaptations associated with hydrostatic elongation of the tongue during feeding in the African pig-nosed frog Hemisus marmoratum. Whereas previous studies had suggested that the tongue of H. marmoratum elongates hydraulically, the anatomical observations reported here favour a muscular hydrostatic mechanism of tongue elongation. H. marmoratum possesses a previously undescribed compartment of the m. genioglossus (m. genioglossus dorsoventralis), which is intrinsic to the tongue and whose muscle fibres are oriented perpendicular to the long axis of the tongue. On the basis of the arrangement and orientation of muscle fibres in the m. genioglossus and m. hyoglossus, we propose a muscular hydrostatic model of tongue movement in which contraction of the m. genioglossus dorsoventralis, together with unfolding of the intrinsic musculature of the tongue, results in a doubling in tongue length. Electron micrographs of sarcomeres from resting and elongated tongues show that no special adaptations of the sarcomeres are necessary to accommodate the observed doubling in tongue length during feeding. Rather, the sarcomeres of the m. genioglossus longitudinalis are strikingly similar to those of anuran limb muscles. The ability to elongate the tongue hydrostatically, conferred by the presence of the m. genioglossus dorsoventralis, is associated with the appearance of several novel aspects of feeding behaviour in H. marmoratum. These include the ability to protract the tongue slowly, thereby increasing capture success, and the ability to aim the tongue in azimuth and elevation relative to the head. Compared with other frogs, the muscular hydrostatic system of H. marmoratum allows more precise, localized and diverse tongue movements. This may explain why the m. genioglossus of H. marmoratum is composed of a larger number of motor units than that of other frogs.  (+info)

The role of ventral medial wall motor areas in bimanual co-ordination. A combined lesion and activation study. (7/12618)

Two patients with midline tumours and disturbances of bimanual co-ordination as the presenting symptoms were examined. Both reported difficulties whenever the two hands had to act together simultaneously, whereas they had no problems with unimanual dexterity or the use of both hands sequentially. In the first patient the lesion was confined to the cingulate gyrus; in the second it also invaded the corpus callosum and the supplementary motor area. Kinematic analysis of bimanual in-phase and anti-phase movements revealed an impairment of both the temporal adjustment between the hands and the independence of movements between the two hands. A functional imaging study in six volunteers, who performed the same bimanual in-phase and anti-phase tasks, showed strong activations of midline areas including the cingulate and ventral supplementary motor area. The prominent activation of the ventral medial wall motor areas in the volunteers in conjunction with the bimanual co-ordination disorder in the two patients with lesions compromising their function is evidence for their pivotal role in bimanual co-ordination.  (+info)

Experimental assessment of proximal stent-graft (InterVascular) fixation in human cadaveric infrarenal aortas. (8/12618)

OBJECTIVES: This paper investigates the radial deformation load of an aortic endoluminal prosthesis and determines the longitudinal load required to cause migration in a human cadaveric aorta of the endoprosthesis. DESIGN AND METHODS: The endovascular prosthesis under investigation was a 24 mm diameter, nitinol, self-expanding aortoaortic device (InterVascular, Clearwater, Florida, U.S.A.). Initially, a motorised digital force gauge developed an incremental load which was applied to the ends of five stent-grafts, to a maximum of 10 mm (42%) compression. Secondly, using a simple bench model, each ends of four stent-grafts were deployed into 10 cadaveric experimental aneurysm necks and a longitudinal load applied to effect distraction. RESULTS: Increasing load produced increasing percentage deformation of the stent-grafts. The mean longitudinal distraction load for an aneurysm neck of 20 mm was 409 g (200-480 g), for 15 mm was 277 g (130-410 g) and for 10 mm was 218 g (130-340 g). The aneurysm diameter and aortic calcification had p values of 0.002 and 0.047, respectively, while the p value for aneurysm neck length was less than 0.00001. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that there is a theoretical advantage of oversizing an aortic prosthesis and that sufficient anchorage is achieved in an aortic neck of 10 mm to prevent migration when fully deployed.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Influence of biomechanical factors on substructure of pointing movements. AU - Dounskaia, Natalia. AU - Wisleder, Deric. AU - Johnson, Travis. N1 - Funding Information: Acknowledgements The study was supported by NSF grant BCS 0213653 awarded to Dr. Natalia Dounskaia.. PY - 2005/7. Y1 - 2005/7. N2 - Irregularities in the velocity profile near the end of pointing movements have been interpreted as corrective submovements whose purpose is to provide accuracy of pointing to the target. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether two additional factors related to biomechanical properties of the arm also cause submovements. First, motion termination and stabilization of the limb in the final position required by a discrete pointing task may contribute to submovements. Second, inaccurate regulation of interactive torque at the joints may also cause submovements. To investigate the contributions of these two biomechanical factors and the traditionally considered factor ...
Several investigators have suggested the presence of a link between Chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP) and lower limbs kinematics that can contribute to functional limitations and disability. Moreover, CLBP has been connected to postural and structural asymmetry. Understanding the movement pattern of lower extremities and its asymmetry during walking can provide a basis for examination and rehabilitation in people with CLBP. The present study focuses on lower limbs kinematics in individuals with CLBP during walking. Three-dimensional movements of the pelvic, hip, knee and ankle joints were tracked using a seven-camera Qualysis motion capture system. Functional dada analysis (FDA) was applied for the statistical analysis of pelvic and lower limbs motion patterns in 40 participants (20 CLBP and 20 controls). The CLBP group showed significantly different hip motion pattern in the transvers plane, altered knee and ankle motion pattern in the sagittal plane on the dominant side and different hip motion ...
We evaluated the corneal biomechanical properties in a population of healthy children in China. As far as we know, this is the first report of quantitative assessment of the corneal biomechanics in children population using CST. We used the newly updated CST software, which provided two more parameters (A1DA and A2DA) than previous versions. This helped to measure corneal deformation more comprehensively. We also assessed the symmetry of corneal biomechanics between the both eyes and found obviously interocular symmetry in SE, CCT, IOP, and corneal biomechanics in healthy children eyes. We also found that several CST biomechanical parameters in children are modified by CCT and IOP, while age, SE, and sex exert little influence on the CST measurements in this population.. Our observations of interocular symmetric biometry were consistent with previous studies [19-21]. Using ORA, Zheng et al. [22] demonstrated an obvious symmetry of CH and CRF in bilateral rabbit corneas. We also identified two ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - 3D biomechanical analysis of foot in diabetes with and without peripheral neuropathy-a pilot study. AU - Hazari, Animesh. AU - Maiya, Arun G.. AU - Shivashankara, K. N.. AU - Ashma Monteiro, M. S.. AU - Shashi Kumar, C. G.. AU - Rao, Kartik. AU - Kumar, Sampath. AU - Maiya, Shreemathi S.. AU - Jadhav, Radhika. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - There has been a profound increase in the prevalence of diabetes mellitus especially among the Asian The biomechanical alteration in the foot structure and function are an important predictive risk factor for development of foot complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus. The routine biomechanical analysis using advanced motion analysis software in a clinical population like diabetes mellitus is still lacking in Indian settings. Therefore the aim of the study was to analyse and compare the biomechanical parameters of foot in diabetes mellitus with and without neuropathy and normal individuals of similar age group. The study was conducted in the ...
Context: The presence or absence of biomechanical differences between the sexes before puberty may provide clues about the onset of adult landing pattern differences, which may help to explain the greater number of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in females than in males and provide the basis for interventions to reduce those injuries. Objective: To identify developmental sex-related and biomechanical differences during vertical jump landings. Design: A 2 3 2 developmental stage (prepubescent or postpubescent) 3 sex (male or female) between-subjects design. Setting: Controlled laboratory setting. Patients or Other Participants: Thirty prepubescent subjects (15 boys, age 5 9.63 6 0.95 years; 15 girls, age 5 9.19 6 1.00 years) and 28 postpubescent subjects (14 men, age 5 23.57 6 3.23 years; 14 women, age 5 24.22 6 2.27 years). Intervention: Subjects performed a vertical jump to a target set at 50% of their maximum vertical jump height ability. Main Outcome Measure(s): Hip and knee kinematics of the
TY - JOUR. T1 - Kinematic differences between faster and slower sprinters during the acceleration phase of sprint running. AU - Kobayashi, K.. AU - Tsuchie, H.. AU - Kanehisa, H.. AU - Yanai, Toshimasa. AU - Kawakami, Yasuo. PY - 2015/4/1. Y1 - 2015/4/1. N2 - Aim: The purpose of this study was to examine kinematic differences between faster and slower sprinters during the acceleration phase of sprint running. Methods: Nineteen collegiate sprinters were divided into FAST (N.=9) and SLOW (N.=10) groups, based on their best 100 m race times. A two-dimensional videographic technique was used to record the side views of 40 m sprint performances using four high-speed digital camcorders. Using the recorded images, kinematic variables such as contact time, flight time, horizontal velocity, and horizontal acceleration were determined from the 1st step to the 19th step. A two-way repeated measures ANOVA (two groups of 10 steps each) with a Tukey post-hoc test was used to analyze the obtained data. ...
Ground reaction forces (GRF), knee flexion angles, angular velocities and joint powers are unknown at large landing heights, which are infeasible for laboratory testing. However, this information is important for understanding lower extremity injury mechanisms. We sought to determine regression relationships of landing height with these parameters during landing so as to facilitate estimation of these parameters at large landing heights. Five healthy male subjects performed landing tasks from heights of 0.15-1.05 m onto a force-plate. Motion capture system was used to obtain knee flexion angles during landing via passive markers placed on the lower body. An iterative regression model, involving simple linear/exponential/natural logarithmic functions, was used to fit regression equations to experimental data. Peak GRF followed an exponential regression relationship (R2 = 0.90-0.99, p , 0.001; power = 0.987-0.998). Peak GRF slope and impulse also had an exponential relationship (R2 = 0.90-0.96, p ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - An examination of kinematic variability of motion analysis in sprint hurdles. AU - Salo, Aki. AU - Grimshaw, Paul N.. PY - 1998/5. Y1 - 1998/5. N2 - Eight trials each of 7 athletes (4 women and 3 men) were videotaped and digitized in order to investigate the variation sources and kinematic variability of video motion analysis in sprint hurdles. Mean coefficients of variation (CVs) of individuals ranged from 1.0 to 92.2% for women and from 1.2 to 209.7% for men. There were 15 and 14 variables, respectively, in which mean CVs revealed less than 5% variation. In redigitizing, CVs revealed ,1.0% for 12 variables for the womens trials and 10 variables for the mens trials. These results, together with variance components (between-subjects, within-subject, and redigitizing), showed that one operator and the analysis system together produced repeatable values for most of the variables. The most repeatable variables by this combination were displacement variables. However, further data ...
Linear, Cubic and Quintic Coordinate-Dependent Forces and Kinematic Characteristics of a Spring-Mass System. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
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The E-32 study was designed to capture the subjects physiological and biomechanical data such as ECG data and rate, respiratory data and rate, and body orientation, motion and movement (accelerometry) during typical events such as walking, sitting, running and sleeping in order to help build a database of stereotypical human activity ...
Introduction: Kinetic, kinematic and electromyographic activity of the lower limb have been shown to be influenced by various footwear-generated biomechanical manipulations (e.g. soles. Insoles, orthoses). A novel biomechanical device comprising four modular elements attached onto foot-worn platforms was recently developed. Each element can be individually calibrated (Position, convexity, height and resilience) to induce a specific biomechanical challenge.. Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of specific biomechanical challenges on Kinetics, kinematics and electromyographic activity of the lower limb.. Design: Prospective, case control Setting: Motion analyses will be conducted during level walking with (1) a three-dimensional motion analysis system and (2) ground reaction force analysis using force platforms (3) Electro-Myography system. Each subject will be examined in 16 different settings of the biomechanical system ...
Despite the continuing research effort, data regarding the material properties and biomechanical parameters of spinal elements, particularly the ligaments, remains sparse.. The ligaments, discs, and vertebrae of the human spinal column were tested for their biomechanical strength. 65 samples of human vertebrae were tested in direct axial compression to failure in an M.T.S. testing machine. Average values of force at failure ranged from 2587N in the cervical spine to 4590N in the lumbar spine. Average values of stress at failure decreased from 7.9N/mm² in the cervical spine to 2.8N/mm² in the lumbar spine. Mean values of engineering strain at failure ranged from 24.4% to 33.9%.. Overall, 33 samples of the human intervertebral disc were tested in direct axial tension to failure. Average values of force at failure ranged from 592N in the cervical spine to 1254N in the lumbar spine. Deformations to failure ranged from 8.9mm to 11.1mm. Mean values of stiffness of the disc increased from 64.2N/mm in ...
Dec. 3l, 1968 D. c. RIDEOUT 3,418,896 REFLECTIVE MARKERS AND REFLECTIVE ELEMENTS THEREFOR Filed Feb. 3, 1967 INVENTOR Donald C. Rideau? ATTORNEY United States Patent O 3,418,896 REFLECTIVE MARKERS AND REFLECTIVE ELEMENTS THEREFOR Donald C. Rideout, Huntingdon, Pa., assignor to Prismo Safety Corporation, Huntingdon, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Filed Feb. 3, 1967, Ser. No. 613,878 10 Claims. (Cl. 94-1.5) ABSTRACT F THE DISCLOSURE The invention relates to reflective elements which are flat on their upper and lower surfaces and which have vertical side walls covered by a plurality of Small glass spheres partially embedded in the vertical side walls, the width of the flat surfaces being at least twice the thickness of the elements and the thickness being in the order of ls-l/z and the width not exceeding 1. The reflective elements can be incorporated into reflective markers for improved night-time retroreflectivity especially in rainy weather. The elements can be incorporated into a hot ...
The main biomechanical function of the knee meniscus is to enlarge the contact area of the tibiofemoral joint leading to a reduction in articular cartilage contact stress. The meniscal attachments are essential for converting the axial load into circumferential tension in the meniscal periphery. Consequently, meniscal substitutes need sufficient anchorage to the tibial plateau to adequately restore the biomechanical function of a replaced meniscus. Therefore the aim of the present study was to investigate the loads acting on the meniscotibial attachments under various joint loads ...
Leg stiffness is often computed from ground reaction force (GRF) registrations of vertical hops to estimate the force-resisting capacity of the lower-extremity during ground contact, with leg stiffness values incorporated in a spring-mass model to describe human motion. Individual biomechanical characteristics, including leg stiffness, were investigated in 40 healthy males. Our aim is to report and discuss the use of 13 different computational methods for evaluating leg stiffness from a double-legged repetitive hopping task, using only GRF registrations. Four approximations for the velocity integration constant were combined with three mathematical expressions, giving 12 methods for computing stiffness using double integrations. One frequency-based method that considered ground contact times was also trialled. The 13 methods thus defined were used to compute stiffness in four extreme cases, which were the stiffest, and most compliant, consistent and variable subjects. All methods provided ...
This module introduces vibrations using the simple model of a single degree of freedom system represented by a spring-mass. Equations of motion for a spring-mass system are developed and concepts such as natural frequency and phase differences are discussed. Examples of analogous systems that can be represented using a spring-mass model are also discussed. Numerical examples, interactive plots, and steps to create MapleSim simulations are included to enhance the learning experience.
Context: Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is often categorized by researchers and clinicians using subjective self-reported PFP characteristics; however, this practice might mask important differences in movement biomechanics between PFP patients. Objective: To determine whether biomechanical differences exist during a high-demand multiplanar movement task for PFP patients with similar self-reported PFP characteristics but different quadriceps activation levels. Design: Cross-sectional design. Setting: Biomechanics laboratory. Participants: A total of 15 quadriceps deficient and 15 quadriceps functional (QF) PFP patients with similar self-reported PFP characteristics. Intervention: In total, 5 trials of a high-demand multiplanar land, cut, and jump movement task were performed. Main Outcome Measures: Biomechanics were compared at each percentile of the ground contact phase of the movement task (α = .05) between the quadriceps deficient and QF groups. Biomechanical variables included (1) whole-body ...
This work outlines the theoretical advantages of multivariate methods in biomechanical data, validates the proposed methods and outlines new clinical findings relating to knee osteoarthritis that were made possible by this approach. New techniques were based on existing multivariate approaches, Partial Least Squares (PLS) and Non-negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) and validated using existing data sets. The new techniques developed, PCA-PLS-LDA (Principal Component Analysis - Partial Least Squares - Linear Discriminant Analysis), PCA-PLS-MLR (Principal Component Analysis - Partial Least Squares -Multiple Linear Regression) and Waveform Similarity (based on NMF) were developed to address the challenging characteristics of biomechanical data, variability and correlation. As a result, these new structure-seeking technique revealed new clinical findings. The first new clinical finding relates to the relationship between pain, radiographic severity and mechanics. Simultaneous analysis of pain and ...
The classic book on human movement in biomechanics, newly updated Widely used and referenced, David Winters Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement is a classic examination of techniques used to measure and analyze all body movements as mechanical systems, including such everyday movements as walking. It fills the gap in human movement science area where modern science and technology are integrated with anatomy, muscle physiology, and electromyography to assess and understand human movement. In light of the explosive growth of the field, this new edition updates and enhances the text with: Expanded coverage of 3D kinematics and kinetics New materials on biomechanical movement synergies and signal processing, including auto and cross correlation, frequency analysis, analog and digital filtering, and ensemble averaging techniques Presentation of a wide spectrum of measurement and analysis techniques Updates to all existing chapters Basic physical and physiological principles in capsule form for
A device for sensing a state change of a mechanical system, comprises at least one sound emitter (E), a receiver (R) as well as an electronic circuit (4) which allows to compare the received sound signal with reference values. The state of the mechanical system, such as the existence or the absence of contact among parts, is monitored by the processing of the signals corresponding to the emitted and received sound signals with the aim to allow to recognize the monitored state by the difference between the received signals and reference values. The sensing device may be used to monitor a number of variables such as contact, location, orientation, etc. of the mechanical parts by the same sensors there where traditionally different kinds of sensors were traditionally needed.
This project is aimed to investigate the biomechanical changes in the lower extremity via musculoskeletal modelling during prolonged running activities.
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TY - CONF. T1 - Mechanical control of stem cell differentiation using microengineered matrix. AU - Fu, Jianping. AU - Wang, Yang-Gao. AU - Yang, Michael T.. AU - Lee, Ted T.. AU - Chen, Christopher S.. PY - 2008/1/1. Y1 - 2008/1/1. N2 - In this work, we explore the molecular mechanisms by which local mechanical properties (e.g., rigidity) of the extracellular matrix (ECM) cooperates with soluble cues to regulate lineage commitment of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). We have established different micropost array substrates that can definitively decouple matrix rigidity from other properties including adhesiveness. We applied these substrates to investigate the influences of matrix rigidity on cell adhesion, cytoskeleton assembly/contractility, cell spreading, and proliferation. We further show that matrix rigidity regulates commitment of hMSCs to either adipogenic or osteogenic fate: soft matrix facilitates adipogenic differentiation while stiff matrix proves osteogenic.. AB - In this work, ...
The Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratories at Michigan State University utilize research capacities and methods to foster student development.
The Vicon MX Motion Capture System provides the ability to track the movement of subjects in a variety of experiments. This system allows for a passive motion capture of reflective markers on the subject. The elimination of wires and battery packs from an individual leads to a more natural motion to be captured and analyzed.. The eight-camera array in an 8-ft x 12-ft space gives the ability for 3D video rendering and analysis; in addition the system has a real-time feedback option for the experimenter and subject.. The Vicon Motion Capture System is utilized in experiments ranging from balance studies to limb movement and gait studies. ...
Altered gait biomechanics associated with pediatric obesity may increase the risk of musculoskeletal injury/pathology during physical activity and/or diminish a childs ability to engage in sufficient physical activity. The biomechanical mechanisms responsible for the altered gait in obese children are not well understood, particularly as they relate to increases in adipose tissue. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of adiposity (i.e. body fat percentage, BF%) on lower extremity kinematics, muscle force requirements and their individual contributions to the acceleration of the center of mass (COM) during walking. We scaled a musculoskeletal model to the anthropometrics of each participant (n=14, 8-12 years old, BF%: 16-41%) and generated dynamic simulations of walking to predict muscle forces and their contributions to the acceleration of the COM. Muscle force output was normalized to muscle mass. BF% was correlated with average knee flexion angle during stance (r=−0.54) and ...
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the leading cause of disability, worldwide. OA leads to breakdown of the articular cartilage (AC), the highly structured tissue that lines the end of bones of the synovial joints. The cartilage cells synthesize and maintain the homeostasis of articular cartilage, a function that is largely influenced by mechanical forces. Mechanobiological studies of
Although Kendalls structural approach to postural assessment provides a biomechanical assessment of the musculoskeletal system, the late Vladimir Janda, MD, saw postural assessment as a functional impression of the status of the sensorimotor system. According to Janda, the sensorimotor system is 1 functional unit comprised of the afferent sensory system and the efferent motor system; 2 systems that cannot be considered to function independent of each other.34 He noted that changes in muscle tension are the first response of the system to nociception. By combining static biomechanical assessment popularized by Kendall with his observation of muscle function, Janda was able to form an early observational description of the possible cause of the patients musculoskeletal pain from a neurological perspective.34 ...
Ergonomic models of musculoskeletal strain in computer work have focused primarily on biomechanical indices (e.g. key force, keystroke repetition, work posture); relatively little attention has been given to psychophysiological indices (e.g. hyperventilatory responses to mood disturbances). This report explores the relationship between psychophysiological and biomechanical factors with right-hand
CERVICAL SNAGS A BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS PDF - Involved-side cervical rotation range of motion less than 60 degrees,. 3. . Hearn , A., Rivett, DA. (). Cervical Snags: a biomechanical analysis. Manual.
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Blood vessels are exposed to multiple mechanical forces that are exerted on the vessel wall (radial, circumferential and longitudinal forces) or on the endothelial surface (shear stress). The stresses and strains experienced by arteries influence the initiation of atherosclerotic lesions, which develop at regions of arteries that are exposed to complex blood flow. In addition, plaque progression and eventually plaque rupture is influenced by a complex interaction between biological and mechanical factors-mechanical forces regulate the cellular and molecular composition of plaques and, conversely, the composition of plaques determines their ability to withstand mechanical load. A deeper understanding of these interactions is essential for designing new therapeutic strategies to prevent lesion development and promote plaque stabilization. Moreover, integrating clinical imaging techniques with finite element modelling techniques allows for detailed examination of local morphological and biomechanical
(2013) Niknafs et al. Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology. OBJECTIVE: This study addresses the effects of cartilage thickness distribution and compressive properties in the context of optimal alignment planning for periacetabular osteotomy (PAO).\n\nBACKGROUND: The Biomechanical Guidanc...
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Biomechanical disability is often related to the inability to perform a specific task due to a restriction in joint ROM, strength or endurance interferes with biomechanical function. Common conditions include orthopedic injury, edema, pain, skin tightness (burns/scars), spasticity, or low muscle tone. Also, extended immobilization (disuse). OT goals are developed in regard to the task, situation, and context ...
Swinton, PA, Stewart, AD, Lloyd, R, Agouris, I, and Keogh, JWL. Effect of load positioning on the kinematics and kinetics of weighted vertical jumps. J Strength Cond Res 26(4): 906-913, 2012-One of the most popular exercises for developing lower-body muscular power is the weighted vertical jump. The present study sought to examine the effect of altering the position of the external load on the kinematics and kinetics of the movement. Twenty-nine resistance-trained rugby union athletes performed maximal effort jumps with 0, 20, 40, and 60% of their squat 1 repetition maximum (1RM) with the load positioned (a) on the posterior aspect of the shoulder using a straight barbell and (b) at arms length using a hexagonal barbell. Kinematic and kinetic variables were calculated through integration of the vertical ground reaction force data using a forward dynamics approach. Performance of the hexagonal barbell jump resulted in significantly (p | 0.05) greater values for jump height, peak force, peak power, and
DARI has the scientifically validated patent to produce ground reaction force (GRF) without the use of a force plate. In biomechanical data there are a variety of devices to help track human movement. The two that are the most common are motion capture and force plates. Motion capture track the kinematics variables o
書名:Conformations: Connecting the Chemical Structures and Material Behaviors of Polymers,語言:英文,ISBN:9781138570320,頁數:204,作者:Tonelli, Alan E.,Shen, Jialong,出版日期:2020/03/19,類別:自然科普
The application of aquatic therapy for health and rehabilitation purposes has been promoted for centuries, below we show the biomechanical fundamentals.
A powered device augments a joint function of a human during a gait cycle using a powered actuator that supplies an augmentation torque, an impedance, or both to a joint. A controller estimates terrain slope and modulates the augmentation torque and the impedance according to a phase of the gait cycle and the estimated terrain slope to provide at least a biomimetic response. The controller may also modulate a joint equilibrium. Accordingly, the device is capable of normalizing or augmenting human biomechanical function, responsive to a wearers activity, regardless of speed and terrain, and can be used, for example, as a knee orthosis, prosthesis, or exoskeleton.
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This study compared lower-limb muscle function, defined as the contributions of muscles to center-of-mass support and braking, during a single-leg hopping task in anterior cruciate ligament-reconstructed (ACLR) individuals and uninjured controls. In total, 65 ACLR individuals and 32 controls underwent a standardized anticipated single-leg forward hop. Kinematics and ground reaction force data were input into musculoskeletal models to calculate muscle forces and to quantify muscle function by decomposing the vertical (support) and fore-aft (braking) ground reaction force components into contributions by individual lower-limb muscles. Four major muscles, the vasti, soleus, gluteus medius, and gluteus maximus, were primarily involved in support and braking in both ACLR and uninjured groups. However, although the ACLR group demonstrated lower peak forces for these muscles (all Ps , .001, except gluteus maximus, P = .767), magnitude differences in these muscles contributions to support and braking ...
Didactic Flexible Spine Model With Femur Heads. Human spine model for anatomical study. Flexibly mounted with movable femur heads for effective demonstration. Special item 2-4 weeks
PhD Project - A Multiscale Approach to Model the Biomechanical Behaviour of Human Skin at Loughborough University, listed on
Preface to the Fourth Edition. 1 Biomechanics as an Interdiscipline.. 1.0 Introduction.. 1.1 Measurement, Description, Analysis, and Assessment.. 1.2 Biomechanics and its Relationship with Physiology and Anatomy.. 1.3 Scope of the Textbook.. 1.4 References.. 2 Signal Processing.. 2.0 Introduction.. 2.1 Auto- and Cross-Correlation Analyses.. 2.2 Frequency Analysis.. 2.3 Ensemble Averaging of Repetitive Waveforms.. 2.4 References.. 3 Kinematics.. 3.0 Historical Development and Complexity of Problem.. 3.1 Kinematic Conventions.. 3.2 Direct Measurement Techniques.. 3.3 Imaging Measurement Techniques.. 3.4 Processing of Raw Kinematic Data.. 3.5 Calculation of Other Kinematic Variables.. 3.6 Problems Based on Kinematic Data.. 3.7 References.. 4 Anthropometry.. 4.0 Scope of Anthropometry in Movement Biomechanics.. 4.1 Density, Mass, and Inertial Properties.. 4.2 Direct Experimental Measures.. 4.3 Muscle Anthropometry.. 4.4 Problems Based on Anthropometric Data.. 4.5 References.. 5 Kinetics: Forces and ...
The vision of the research group in COntinuum Biomechanics and Mechanobiology is on developing a systemic, comprehensive system models in health and disease. Our approach is to integrate experimental methods, mathematical modeling and numerical simulations. We utilize our expertise for various biomechanical applications and basic research projects.
Looking for online definition of sagittal-plane blockade in the Medical Dictionary? sagittal-plane blockade explanation free. What is sagittal-plane blockade? Meaning of sagittal-plane blockade medical term. What does sagittal-plane blockade mean?
The local mechanical environment is a crucial factor in determining cell and tissue differentiation during vertebrate skeletal development and repair. Unlike the basic response of bone to mechanical load, as described in Wolffs law, the mechanobiological relationship between the local mechanical environment and tissue differentiation influences everything from tissue type and molecular architecture to the formation of complex joints. This study tests the hypothesis that precisely controlled mechanical loading can regulate gene expression, tissue differentiation and tissue architecture in the adult skeleton and that precise manipulation of the defects local mechanical environment can initiate a limited recapitulation of joint tissue development. We generated tissue type predictions using finite element models (FEMs) interpreted by published mechanobiological fate maps of tissue differentiation. The experiment included a custom-designed external fixator capable of introducing daily bending, ...
The basis of a biomechanical assessment is the cause-and-effect relationship between your foot, legs and upper body. Movement at one joint affects movement at other joints, and every time your foot hits the ground to take a step, any imbalance is passed all the way up your body. The foot is the stabilizing base between the rest of the body and the ground. Also, imbalances occurring in the spine, hip and knee can be compensated for by foot function. This may create a foot that is out of alignment or imbalanced contributing to foot pain and injury.. A foot that is not functioning in alignment is not a good shock absorber. This places abnormal stresses on your spine. With every step, shock is transmitted through your body. If your feet are balanced, they can absorb much of that shock. But if theyre not in balance, the shock can add strain to upper body structures such as knees, hips and the spine. Over time, your body will attempt to compensate for imbalances. This compensation can occur in the ...
Results Improvements in HAQ (1.00 to 0.46, t student, p=0.005) and visual analogue scale for pain (4.95 to 2.07 cm, t student, p=0.003). DAS28 results remained statistical unchanged (4.32 to 3.54, t student, p=0.127). GBPRF did not show statistical differences (t student, p,0.05): left and right heel antero-posterior velocity (0.35 to 0.30 m/s, p=0.310; 0.30 to 0.28, p=0.604; respectively); left and right minimum toe clearance (2.07 to 1.86 cm, p=0.113; 1.94 to 1.87 cm, p=0.468); head antero-posterior velocity/hip antero-posterior velocity at 4 crucial gait instants (left heel contact - 0.85 to 0.87, p=0.440; right heel contact - 0.87 to 0.88, p=0.369; left minimum toe clearance - 1.08 to 1.06, p=0.168; right minimum toe clearance - 1.10 to 1.05, p=0.309; left contralateral heel contact - 0.88 to 0.87, p=0.367; right contralateral heel contact - 0.86 to 0.86, p=0.829; left toe off - 1.03 to 1.03, p=0.862; right toe off - 1.00 to 1.02, p=0.588).. ...
Corneal densitometry, which also is known as corneal backscatter, relates to corneal transparency and is influenced by changes in corneal histology.13 It was first measured using a slit-lamp photometer with a pin-light attachment.14 Scheimpflug cameras allow for objective evaluation of the densitometry.15 It is noteworthy that for normal eyes, the corneal densitometry decreases from the anterior to posterior layers of the cornea. However, it does not show any relationship with the corneal keratometry.16 We observed that the distribution of the corneal densitometry values was similar to that of normal eyes. However, unlike normal eyes, the densitometry values of the anterior 0 to 2 and 2 to 6 mm layers significantly correlated with the Kmax values.16 In addition, we also noticed that the densitometry values of the anterior 0 to 2 mm, anterior 2 to 6 mm, and total 0 to 2 mm layers correlated with the thinnest corneal thickness, anterior corneal elevation, and posterior corneal elevation. This ...
Runners dystonia (RD) is a task-specific focal dystonia of the lower limbs that occurs when running. In this retrospective case series, we present surface electromyography (EMG) and joint kinematic data from thirteen patients with RD who underwent instrumented gait analysis (IGA) at the Functional and Biomechanics Laboratory at the National Institutes of Health. Four cases of RD are described in greater detail to demonstrate the potential utility of EMG with kinematic studies to identify dystonic muscle groups in RD. In these cases, the methodology for muscle selection for botulinum toxin therapy and the therapeutic response is discussed. Lateral heel whip, a proposed novel presentation of lower-limb dystonia, is also described.
An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a potentially fatal cardiovascular disease with multifactorial development and progression. Two preclinical models of the disease (elastase perfusion and angiotensin II infusion in apolipoprotein-E-deficient animals) have been developed to study the disease during its initiation and progression. To date, most studies have used |i|ex vivo|/i| methods to examine disease characteristics such as expanded aortic diameter or analytic methods to look at circulating biomarkers. Herein, we provide evidence from |i|in vivo|/i| ultrasound studies of the temporal changes occurring in biomechanical parameters and macromolecules of the aortic wall in each model. We present findings from 28-day studies in elastase-perfused rats and AngII |i|apoE|sup|−/−|/sup||/i| mice. While each model develops AAAs specific to their induction method, they both share characteristics with human aneurysms, such as marked changes in vessel strain and blood flow velocity. Histology and
The cyclic material behavior is investigated, by strain-controlled testing, of 8 mm thick sheet metal specimens and butt joints, manufactured by manual gas metal arc welding (GMAW). The materials used in this investigation are the high-strength structural steels S960QL, S960M and S1100QL. Trilinear strain-life curves and cyclic stress-strain curves have been derived for the base material and the as-welded state of each steel grade. Due to the cyclic softening in combination with a high load level at the initial load cycle, the cyclic stress-strain curve cannot be applied directly for a fatigue assessment of welded structures. Therefore, the transient effects have been analyzed in order to describe the time-variant material behavior in a more detailed manner. This should be the basis for the enhancement of the fatigue life estimation ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Age dependency of the biaxial biomechanical behavior of human abdominal aorta. AU - Vande Geest, Jonathan P. AU - Sacks, Michael S.. AU - Vorp, David A.. PY - 2004/12. Y1 - 2004/12. N2 - Background: The biomechanical behavior of the human abdominal aorta has been studied with great interest primarily due to its propensity to develop such maladies as atherosclerotic occlusive disease, dissections, and aneurysms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the age-related biaxial biomechanical behavior of human infrarenal aortic tissue. Methods of Approach: A total of 18 samples (13 autopsy, 5 organ donor) were harvested from patients in each of three age groups: Group 1 (,30 years old, n =5), Group 2 (between 30 and 60 years old, n =7), and Group 3 (,60 years old, n =6). Each specimen was tested biaxially using a tension-controlled protocol which spanned a large portion of the strain plane. Response functions fit to experimental data were used as a tool to guide the appropriate ...
Sussman, DH, Crews, W: The effect of a water soluble verses a non-water soluble pre-tape spray on subtalar joint pronation during a 40 minute, 5 mile run, Biomechanics In Sport XI, July 1993.. Sussman, DH: Biomechanical considerations of walking gait patterns of aged populations, Biomechanics In Sport XI, July, 1993.. Sussman, DH: Biomechanical considerations of walking gait patterns of aged populations, Biomechanics In Sport XI, July, 1993.. Sussman, DH, Walker, M, Hrowayeh, H: The patellofemoral joint reaction forces at the knee during forward and backward walking, Journal of Musculoskeletal Research, June, 2000. Sussman, DH: Contraindicated exercises for the average weight trainer (Accepted), Journal of Health and Fitness. Sussman, DH, and Walker, ML: Effect of cambered roadways on the kinematics of running. International Society for Biomechanics in Sport, July, 2001.. Sussman, DH and Walker, ML: Effect of backpack loading on kinematics of walking. International Society for Biomechanics in ...
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The replacement of cells is a common strategy during animal development. In the Drosophila pupal abdomen, larval epidermal cells (LECs) are replaced by adult progenitor cells (histoblasts). Previous work showed that interactions between histoblasts and LECs result in apoptotic extrusion of LECs during early pupal development. Extrusion of cells is closely preceded by caspase activation and is executed by contraction of a cortical actomyosin cable. Here, we identify a population of LECs that extrudes independently of the presence of histoblasts during late pupal development. Extrusion of these LECs is not closely preceded by caspase activation, involves a pulsatile medial actomyosin network, and correlates with a developmental time period when mechanical tension and E-cadherin turnover at adherens junctions is particularly high. Our work reveals a developmental switch in the cell extrusion mechanism that correlates with changes in tissue mechanical properties. ...
It has been reported that there is no correlation between anterior tibia translation (ATT) in passive and dynamic situations. Passive ATT (ATTp) may be different to dynamic ATT (ATTd) due to muscle activation patterns. This study aimed to investigate whether muscle activation during jumping can control ATT in healthy participants. ATTp of twenty-one healthy participants was measured using a KT-1000 arthrometer. All participants performed single leg hops for distance during which ATTd, knee flexion angles and knee flexion moments were measured using a 3D motion capture system. During both tests, sEMG signals were recorded. A negative correlation was found between ATTp and the maximal ATTd (r = − 0.47, p = 0.028). An N-Way ANOVA showed that larger semitendinosus activity was seen when ATTd was larger, while less biceps femoris activity and rectus femoris activity were seen. Moreover, larger knee extension moment, knee flexion angle and ground reaction force in the anterior-posterior direction were seen
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This page provides relevant content and local businesses that can help with your search for information on Biomechanical Tattoos. You will find informative articles about Biomechanical Tattoos, including Biomechanical tattoos. Below you will also find local businesses that may provide the products or services you are looking for. Please scroll down to find the local resources in Blackfoot, ID that can help answer your questions about Biomechanical Tattoos.
Kicking performance is the most studied technical action in soccer and lower limbs kinematics is closely related to success in kicking, mainly because they ...
Two groups of biochemical reactions underlie muscle contraction: those that consume high-energy phosphates, called initial reactions, and those that regenerate high-energy phosphates, called recovery reactions. Muscular efficiency is the ratio of mechanical work produced to the metabolic energy consumed in the production of that work. The energy consumption term can either incorporate just the initial energy costs, giving the initial mechanical efficiency (eI), or can encompass the net energy cost (the energetic equivalent of the oxygen consumed), giving the net mechanical efficiency (eN). eI is of interest because it provides insights into the fundamental mechanism of energy conversion by myosin cross-bridges.. The efficiency of mechanical work generation by cross-bridges in cardiac muscle is poorly established because it is difficult to experimentally separate the initial and recovery energy costs. The kinetics of recovery metabolism in cardiac muscle are so rapid that even the energy used ...
OpenSim offers a valuable approach to investigating otherwise difficult to assess yet important biomechanical parameters such as joint reaction forces. Although the range of available models in the public repository is continually increasing, there currently exists no OpenSim model for the computation of intervertebral joint reactions during flexion and lifting tasks. The current work combines and improves elements of existing models to develop an enhanced model of the upper body and lumbar spine. Models of the upper body with extremities, neck and head were combined with an improved version of a lumbar spine from the model repository. Translational motion was enabled for each lumbar vertebrae with six controllable degrees of freedom. Motion segment stiffness was implemented at lumbar levels and mass properties were assigned throughout the model. Moreover, body coordinate frames of the spine were modified to allow straightforward variation of sagittal alignment and to simplify interpretation of ...
Articles , journal of neurophysiology at muscles. Human Muscle Power Output pleasant in order to my personal website, on this period I will teach you with regards to Human muscle power output.. Now, this is actually the primary image, human muscle power output during upper- and lower-body exercises, human muscle power output, human power output and muscle fatigue :. ...
The aim of this study was to investigate the kinetic characteristics of compensatory backward descending movement performed by patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Using a three-dimensional motion analysis system, we investigated lower extremity joint angles, joint moments, joint force of the support leg in forward and backward descending movements on stairs, and joint force of the leading leg at landing in 7 female patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Compared with the forward descending movement, knee joint angle, joint moment and joint force of the support leg all decreased in the backward descending movement. Joint force of the leading leg at landing was also reduced in the backward descending movement. In addition, we confirmed that the center of body mass was mainly controlled by the knee and ankle joints in the forward descending movement, and by the hip joint in the backward descending movement. Since it has been reported that knee flexion angle and extensor muscle strength are
The impact force history is also affected by the disc brakes of the wheels which engage the moment the operator releases the longitudinal acceleration crane motor button. The disc brakes were also disengaged for all cases during the experimental and FE tests. At least three tests were conducted for each case. Thus the impact force histories shown in Figure 6 represent a series of experimental tests that were conducted to obtain the end buffer impact force histories for the three cases. All the other experimental results presented represent a series of tests conducted per case.. The expected end buffer impact force history for each case is shown in Figure 6 and is discussed individually.. Case (i) Power-Off with residual torque. Only one impact was expected when the crane without the hoist load collided with the end stops. Figure 6 shows two additional peaks which occurred after the first impact. The secondary peaks are due to the variably adjusted step-down torque present in the longitudinal ...
BACKGROUND: Efficacy studies concerning robot assisted gait rehabilitation showed limited clinical benefits. A changed kinematic pattern might be responsible for this. Little is known about the kinematics of the trunk and pelvis during robot assisted treadmill walking (RATW).. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the trunk and pelvis kinematics of healthy subjects during RATW, with different amounts of body weight support (BWS) compared to regular treadmill walking (TW).. METHOD: Eighteen healthy participants walked on a treadmill, while kinematics were registered by an electromagnetic tracking device. Hereafter, the kinematics of pelvis and trunk were registered during RATW (guidance force 30%) with 0%, 30% and 50% BWS.. RESULTS: Compared to TW, RATW showed a decrease in the following trunk movements: axial rotation, anteroposterior flexion, lateral and anteroposterior translation. Besides, a decrease in lateral tilting and all translation of the pelvis was found when comparing RATW ...
1University of Melbourne Veterinary Clinical Centre, Melbourne, Australia,2University of Sydney, Department of Physics, Sydney, Australia,3University of Sydney Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Sydney, Australia.. ...
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Objective:To evaluate the reproducibility of three nonverbal facial expressions using a three-dimensional motion capture system.Design:Prospective, cross-sectional, controlled study.Setting:Glasgow Dental Hospital and School, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom.Patients and Participants:Thirty-two
This paper presents the mechanical design of a novel surgical robotic platform, specifically developed for single-port laparoscopy (SPL). The greatest constraint is the small size of the skin incision through which the robot must operate. Several technical and technological challenges have been tackled to meet the stringent requirements imposed by the surgical procedure at hand. In this paper, a detailed mechanical description of the system is provided, fulfilling the necessary design requirements. The main outcome of this work is a compact, light-weight (total weight approximately 6 kg) and highly dexterous bimanual robot capable of overcoming the current drawbacks experienced in SPL when using traditional medical devices. The system has been assessed in terms of tracking accuracy, resulting in satisfactory and promising performance.. ...
Currently, various biomechanical assessments are used in clinical settings that offer diagnostic information about the studied joint. These assessments, however, are based on the judgment and experience of the therapist conducting the test and have a high degree of inter and intra rater variability, decreasing the strength of the observation. A set of instrumented measures consisting of a force/torque sensor and an angle sensor was created to quantitatively assess the mechanics of the lower extremity joints as a possible solution to the low repeatability of commonly used clinical tests. It was shown through the use of instrumentation that the torques about the lower leg joint during passive movement could be accurately measured with a high degree of repeatability in a variety of conditions, and that the torque measured by the force sensor matches those calculated by the angle sensor using the inverse kinematic equation for a damped pendulum. By knowing the kinematic torques occurring during the movement
Greater amounts of weight-bearing asymmetry (WBA) 1 month after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are predicted by modifiable factors, including habitual movement pattern and asymmetry in quadriceps and hamstrings strength, say authors of an article published online in Gait & Posture. Fifty-nine people were tested preoperatively and 1 month following unilateral TKA for WBA using average vertical ground reaction force under each foot during the Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test. Candidate variables tested in the regression analysis represented physical impairments (strength, muscle activation, pain, and motion), demographics, anthropometrics, and movement compensations.. WBA, measured as the ratio of surgical/nonsurgical limb vertical ground reaction force, was 0.69 (0.18) (mean (SD) 1 month after TKA. Regression analysis identified preoperative WBA, quadriceps strength ratio, and hamstrings strength ratio as factors predictive of WBA 1 month after TKA (R(2)=0.30).. APTA member Cory L. Christiansen, PT, ...
2 MDA Corporation Mechanical Design Engineer for Space Antennas interview questions and 1 interview reviews. Free interview details posted anonymously by MDA Corporation interview candidates.
From a performance point of view the research has focused on the relationship between technique, ground reaction forces and ball speed. In particular, increased ball speed has been linked to a faster run-up, a longer delivery stride and delaying the swing of the bowling arm for a range of fast bowlers. In terms of ground reaction forces, increased ball speed has been strongly correlated with horizontal impulse and inversely related to peak vertical ground reaction force, vertical loading rates and horizontal loading rates. These results contradict some of the current beliefs in cricket but tie in very closely with javelin research and suggest that the fastest bowlers maximise their horizontal breaking impulse during front foot contact as opposed to peak ground reaction forces and loading rates.. PhD students: Dr Paul Felton Dr Peter Worthington. External collaborators: Kevin Shine (ECB Lead Fast Bowling Coach) Dr Craig Ranson (Physiotherapist / Senior Lecturer at Cardiff Metropolitan ...
Foot and Ankle Research. Led by Professor Chris Nester, this research area provides an opportunity for you to learn about the relationship between foot structures (bones, ligaments, muscles/tendons) and foot biomechanical function during walking, running or other sports activity. You can also learn how feet are affected by injury (e.g. Achilles sports injury), disease (e.g. diabetes or arthritis) or the changes that occur due to aging. This degree can also enable you to research how insole, footwear or physical therapy interventions affect the foot and ankle. This can include development of novel footwear/insole devices.. More information about Foot and Ankle Research. Knee Biomechanics and Injury. Led by Dr. Richard Jones the principal aim of this research area is to undertake investigative clinical biomechanics research in healthy and pathological populations to gain an increased understanding into the movement of the knee joint. There is a multi-disciplinary approach combining healthcare ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Mechanics of the muscles crossing the hip joint during sprint running. AU - Nagano, Yasuharu. AU - Higashihara, Ayako. AU - Takahashi, Kazumasa. AU - Fukubayashi, Toru. PY - 2014/1/1. Y1 - 2014/1/1. N2 - We aimed to demonstrate the changes over time in the lengths and forces of the muscles crossing the hip joint during overground sprinting and investigate the relationships between muscle lengths and muscle-tendon unit forces - particularly peak biceps femoris force. We obtained three-dimensional kinematics during 1 running cycle from 8 healthy sprinters sprinting at maximum speed. Muscle lengths and muscle-tendon unit forces were calculated for the iliacus, rectus femoris, gluteus maximus, and biceps femoris muscles of the target leg as well as the contralateral iliacus and rectus femoris. Our results showed that during sprinting, the muscles crossing the hip joint demonstrate a stretch-shortening cycle and 1 or 2 peak forces. The timing of peak biceps femoris force, expressed as ...
Identification and classification of the dysphagic patient at risk of aspiration is important from a clinical point of view. Recently, we have developed techniques to quantify various biomechanical parameters that characterize the dysphagic patient,
Inappropriate biomechanics, namely wear-and-tear, has been long believed to be a main cause of osteoarthritis (OA). However, this view is now being re-evaluated, especially when examined alongside mechanobiology and new biomechanical studies. These are multiscale experimental and computational studies focussing on cell- and tissue-level mechanobiology through to organ- and whole-body-level biomechanics, which focuses on the biomechanical and biochemical environment of the joint tissues. This review examined papers from April 2015 to April 2016, with a focus on multiscale experimental and computational biomechanical studies of OA. Assessing the onset or progression of OA at organ- and whole-body-levels, gait analysis, medical imaging and neuromusculoskeletal modelling revealed the extent to which tissue damage changes the view of inappropriate biomechanics. Traditional gait analyses studies reported that conservative treatments can alter joint biomechanics, thereby improving pain and function ...
The purpose of this study was to compare selected kinematic characteristics of distance runners over a twenty year period. The subjects in the investigation were 14 long distance runners who at the time of the first observation were considered highly trained (running more than 50 miles per week). The second observation occurred approximately 20-23 years after the first observation. At this time the average weekly mileage per runner had decreased to 37 miles per week. The first observations data were collected with a Locam camera at film speeds ranging from 60 to 120 frames/second. The film data were digitized at the same time as the second observations data. The second observations data were collected with a Panasonic 5000 shutter video camera. The Peak Performance Motion Measurement System video interface allowed a 60 frame/second field rate. Ten subjects ran at a speed of 3.4 m/s; two subjects at the speeds of 3.1 and 3.6 m/s; and one subject at each of the following speeds: 4.0, 4.5, and ...
In the poster, Altered Movement Neuromechanics during Jump Landing and Cutting in Patients with Chronic Ankle Instability,3 Hyunsoo Kim, assistant professor of the Department of Kinesiology, West Chester University, West Chester, PA, and colleagues looked at altered movement pattern in patients with CAI to examine biomechanical factors for CAI.. Results of most previous studies primarily examining a static measure of sensorimotor impairments may not fully provide dynamic characteristics of altered movement strategies during functional tasks, Kim said. To bridge the gap between sensorimotor impairments and the mechanisms of CAI, it is imperative to comprehensively evaluate biomechanical and neuromuscular patterns during a sport maneuver.. The authors believe this is the first study to comprehensively analyze movement strategies of lower extremity kinetics (ground force reaction), kinematics (angle), and EMG activation with a large sample size (total 200 subjects) during multi-planar jump ...
Looking for elevation angle? Find out information about elevation angle. The angle that a radio, radar, or other such beam makes with the horizontal. angle of elevation Explanation of elevation angle
Introduction 1. Part I: Getting Started with Biomechanics 5. Chapter 1: Jumping Into Biomechanics 7. Chapter 2: Reviewing the Math You Need for Biomechanics 15. Chapter 3: Speaking the Language of Biomechanics 37. Part II: Looking At Linear Mechanics 57. Chapter 4: Making Motion Change: Force 59. Chapter 5: Describing Linear Motion: Linear Kinematics 83. Chapter 6: Causing Linear Motion: Linear Kinetics 103. Chapter 7: Looking At Force and Motion Another Way: Work, Energy, and Power 119. Part III: Investigating Angular Mechanics 137. Chapter 8: Twisting and Turning: Torques and Moments of Force 139. Chapter 9: Angling into Rotation: Angular Kinematics 157. Chapter 10: Causing Angular Motion: Angular Kinetics 173. Chapter 11: Fluid Mechanics 193. Part IV: Analyzing the Bio of Biomechanics 205. Chapter 12: Stressing and Straining: The Mechanics of Materials 207. Chapter 13: Boning Up on Skeletal Biomechanics 227. Chapter 14: Touching a Nerve: Neural Considerations in Biomechanics 247. Chapter ...
Up to the elastic limit of a sample, all the work done in stretching it is stored potential energy, or Elastic Strain Energy. This value can be determined by calculating the area under the the force-extension graph. If the sample obeys Hookes Law, and is below the elastic limit, the Elastic Strain Energy can be calculated by the formula:
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis and is a major cause of disability in people aged over 65. Despite the major socioeconomic burden imposed by OA, the aetiology of this condition remains unclear. Although controversial, several metabolic factors have been implicated in the disease pathogenesis. Nevertheless, no unequivocal systemic risk factors for the onset or progression of OA have been identified. Recently, there has been a growing interest in the biomechanical factors associated with the pathogenesis of OA. This review aims to discuss several of the more pertinent biomechanical and neuromuscular factors, such as the knee adduction moment and muscle strength, that are becoming increasingly accepted as factors that contribute toward the pathogenesis of knee OA ...
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Despite extensive rehabilitation, nearly half of all post-anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) individuals are unable to perform dynamic tasks at the level they did prior to their injury. This inability can be attributed to unresolved neuromuscular deficits that manifest as altered limb dynamics. While traditional discrete metrics; such as peak vertical ground reaction force (vGRF) and peak knee flexion angle, have been used to successfully differentiate between healthy and pathological running dynamics, recent studies have shown that non-traditional metrics derived from autoregressive (AR) modeling and Smoothed Pseudo Wigner-Ville (SPWV) analysis techniques can also successfully delineate between healthy and pathological populations and could potentially possess greater sensitivity than the traditional metrics. Thus, the objective of this study was to compare the performance of classification models generated from traditional and nontraditional metrics collected from healthy ...
The behavior of linear rotor-bearing systems is investigated by using the exact approach of the dynamic stiffness method, which entails the use of continuous rather than lumped models. In particular, the theoretical formulation for rotor systems with anisotropic bearings is developed by utilizing the complex representation of all the involved variables. The proposed formulation eventually leads to the 8 × 8 complex dynamic stiffness matrix of the rotating Timoshenko beam; this matrix proves to be related, by a simple rule, to the 4 × 4 dynamic stiffness matrix, which describes rotor systems with isotropic bearings. The method is first applied to the critical speeds evaluation of a simple rotor system with rigid supports; for this case, the exact results of the dynamic stiffness approach are compared to the usual convergence procedure of the finite element method. Successively, the steady-state unbalance response of two rotor systems with anisotropic supports is analyzed; for these examples, ...
The stresses acting in muscle-tendon units and ligaments of the forelimb and hindlimb of horses were determined over a range of speed and gait based on recordings of ground reaction forces and limb kinematics. Maximum stresses of 40-50 MPa were calculated to act in several of the principal forelimb …
Transport phenomena with drops and bubbles. Springer Science & Business Media, 1997; 2012. Articles, a selection Ayyaswamy, P. ... "Heat transport mechanisms in vascular tissues: a model comparison." Journal of biomechanical engineering 108.4 (1986): 324-331 ...
These phenomena describe the observation that individuals will give high accuracy ratings to descriptions of their personality ... and biomechanical systems of the body. The Vanguard Code of Ethical Practice, amongst others, prohibits medical diagnosis by ... The study of these phenomena is a by-product of researchers investigating motor control processes and the interaction of ...
Biomechanical loading[edit]. As well as medication, rehabilitation programmes and surgical interventions, the application of ... This phenomenon gives rise to the possibility of an orthotic management of tremor. ... Biomechanical loading relies on an external device that either passively or actively acts mechanically in parallel to the upper ... In this regard, current trends in this field are focused on the evaluation of the concept of biomechanical loading of tremor ...
Platelet storage lesion is a very different phenomenon from RBC storage lesion, due largely to the different functions of the ... Although some of the biochemical changes are reversible after the blood is transfused, the biomechanical changes are less so, ... blood product units damaged by so-called storage lesion-a set of biochemical and biomechanical changes which occur during ... and rejuvenation products are not yet able to adequately reverse this phenomenon. Current regulatory measures are in place to ...
... phenomena of gene gradients during development is dismissed as an epiphenomena resulting from the passage of the biomechanical ... and Gordon in 1993 This would result in a biochemical transduction of the biomechanical signal from the cytoskeleton that is ...
Although some of the biochemical changes are reversible after the blood is transfused, the biomechanical changes are less so, ... and rejuvenation products are not yet able to adequately reverse this phenomenon. There has been controversy about whether a ... a range of biochemical and biomechanical changes that occur during storage. With red cells, this can decrease viability and ...
1978) A Biomechanical Invariant for Gait Perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. ( ... 2002) Perceptual Artifacts and Phenomena: Gibson's Role in the 20th Century. Foundations of Perceptual Theory. (1993) Human ... 1978) Generation of Synthetic Male and Female Walkers Through Manipulation of a Biomechanical Invariant Perception. (1978) ... Infant Sensitivity to Figural Coherence in Biomechanical Motions Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. (1984) Three ...
... the elephant larynx is shown to produce various and complex vibratory phenomena. During in vivo situations, these phenomena ... Two biomechanical features can trigger these traveling wave patterns, which are a low fundamental frequency and in the vocal ... One of the vibratory phenomena that occurred inside the larynx is alternating A-P (anterior-posterior) and P-A traveling waves ... History and population genetics of a man-made phenomenon". Acta Theriol. 40: 125-144. doi:10.4098/at.arch.95-51. Shoshani, pp. ...
Simulations of biomechanical models agree with the rule. Fractals are infinitely self-similar, iterated mathematical constructs ... Fractal-like patterns occur widely in nature, in phenomena as diverse as clouds, river networks, geologic fault lines, ... Minamino, Ryoko; Tateno, Masaki (2014). "Tree Branching: Leonardo da Vinci's Rule versus Biomechanical Models". PLoS One. Vol. ...
Experimental evidence of the phenomena studied. Development of predictive techniques and control systems based on the ... bio-mechanical prostheses, maintenance procedures, manufacturing processes, thermal and fluids, vibrations and noise. Some ...
Intussusception, the phenomenon of a single tube splitting to form two branching tubes, also contributes to angiogenesis. ... Once fluid flow begins, biomechanical and hemodynamic inputs are applied to the system set up by vasculogenesis, and the active ... The first event of biomechanical-driven hierarchal remodelling occurs just after the onset of heart beat, when the vitelline ... Additionally, biomechanic forces inside embryonic vessels have important remodelling effects. Pressure fluctuations lead to ...
Adding auditory stimuli can significantly enhance visual, vestibular, and biomechanical vections. After being on a small boat ... Balance disorder - Physiological disturbance of perception Broken escalator phenomenon - The sensation of losing balance or ... Physiological sense allowing animals to dynamically maintain an unstable posture Ideomotor phenomenon - Concept in hypnosis and ...
Too short a decay time leads to the phenomenon of "breathing" where the background noise level gets boosted at each gap in the ... Similarly, in the auditory system, the olivocochlear efferent neurons are part of a biomechanical gain control loop. As in all ...
Weinbaum is widely recognized for novel biomechanical models that have changed existing views in such areas as bone fluid flow ... His dissertation is entitled "Natural convection phenomena in horizontal circular cylinders" and completed under the direction ...
Players become biomechanical engineers. Using Sodaconstructor, a sophisticated physics simulation, they design wire-frame ... or more generally to quantify and visualize the development of any phenomenon, such as fMRI data on brain activity, that can be ...
... the biomechanical changes are less so,[25] and rejuvenation products are not yet able to adequately reverse this phenomenon.[26 ... Platelet storage lesion is a very different phenomenon from RBC storage lesion, due largely to the different functions of the ... blood product units damaged by so-called storage lesion-a set of biochemical and biomechanical changes which occur during ...
Cities around the Pacific Rim are soon damaged by a variety of seemingly natural phenomena. It becomes apparent to observing ... more lifelike and preserved the recognizable biomechanical attributes of human anatomy without sacrificing texture and detail. ...
Controlled by a full-field kinematic measurement algorithm, such machines can also be used to study complex phenomena on stiff ... Environment developed by Motek Medical uses a Stewart platform coupled with virtual reality to do advanced biomechanical and ...
They assert that much of the basic physiological and biomechanical knowledge that dry needling utilizes is taught as part of ... Acupuncture and dry needling are similar in the underlying phenomenon and neural processes between trigger points and ... patterns to acupuncture meridians provides evidence that trigger points most likely represent the same physiological phenomenon ...
Arbour primarily studies dinosaurs in the group Ankylosauria, including biomechanical analyses of tail clubs. Arbour has ... Switek, Brian (2014-09-25). "Ziapelta - New Mexico's Newest Dinosaur". Phenomena. National Geographic. Retrieved 2018-01-02. ...
OpenSim - an open-source software system for biomechanical modeling. Physics Abstraction Layer - an open-source physics ... especially coupled phenomena, or multi-physics. CONSELF - browser based CFD and FEA simulation platform. DX Studio - a suite of ...
Brånemark carried out further studies into this phenomenon, using both animal and human subjects, which all confirmed this ... 1960s and 1970s but were eventually withdrawn from the market in the early 1990s because they presented some biomechanical ...
"Biomechanical and clinical evaluations of a porous tantaluym implant for the treatment of early-stage osteonecrosis". J Bone ... Per-Ingvar Brånemark defined this ongrowth phenomenon, osseointegration, as "the direct structural and functional connection ...
Transport phenomena - Turbine - Tribology - Unsprung weight - Validation - Valve - Vector - Vertical strength - Vibration - ... Biomechanical stability - Biomechanics - Biomechatronics - Biomedical engineering - Biomimetic - Brittle - Buckling - CAD - ...
Considering this phenomenon, Seaman suggests that the chiropractic concept of joint complex (somatic) dysfunction should be ... It is essentially a functional entity, which may influence biomechanical and neural integrity." The purported displacement is ... Nansel D, Szlazak M (1995). "Somatic dysfunction and the phenomenon of visceral disease simulation: a probable explanation for ... that are used to explain phenomenon that are far larger than our understanding. We use them as long as they work for us and ...
In June 2003, they recruited singer John K, from Biomechanical and released the album Heathen Machine who left after one album ... In June 2011, King conceptually arranged for a concept album based on his life and the 11:11 time prompt phenomena, emailing ...
In her approach she encourages what she call "biomechanical alignment", and she has also designed specialized wheelchairs for ... not as a medical model construct but as a social phenomenon, through artistic, literary, and other creative means. Modern ...
These biomechanical features of normal gait have been defined as key determinants of gait. It is therefore necessary for the ... Although these are the best understood examples of abnormal gait, there are other phenomena that are described in the medical ... A normal gait pattern depends on a range of biomechanical features, controlled by the nervous system for increased energy ...
Bimusicalism is a phenomenon in which people well-versed and familiar with music from two different cultures exhibit dual ... and biomechanical mechanisms". Music Perception. 27 (3): 209-222. doi:10.1525/mp.2010.27.3.209. S2CID 144470585. Susino, M.; ... Use of dichotomous scales (e.g., simple happy/sad ratings) may mask this phenomenon, as these tasks require participants to ... One long-term instance of plasticity is bimusicalism, a musical phenomenon akin to bilingualism. Bimusical individuals ...
Biomechanical factorsEdit. Biomechanical factors include fetal head constraint during pregnancy.[27] It has been found by Jacob ... An illustrative example of this phenomenon is scaphocephaly; the name providing a direct hint regarding the deformity of the ... a role is played by biomechanical factors, as well as environmental, hormonal and genetical factors.[10] ...
... which may influence biomechanical and neural integrity."[45] This differs from the medical definition of subluxation as a ... While the biomechanical evidence is not sufficient to support the statement that CMT causes cervical artery dissection (CD), ... Electronic voice phenomenon. *Feng shui. *Flat Earth theory. *Germ theory denialism. *Graphology ... most chiropractors generally believed that the majority of their clinical approach for addressing musculoskeletal/biomechanical ...
Warren, N., Dillon, C., Morse, T., Hall, C., & Warren, A. (2000). Biomechanical, psychosocial, and organizational risk factors ... there is also the phenomenon of work-family enhancement, which occurs when positive effects carry over from one domain into the ... The development of musculoskelelatal problems cannot be solely explained in the basis of biomechanical factors (e.g., ...
Biomechanical factors include fetal head constraint during pregnancy. It has been found by Jacob et al. that constraint inside ... An illustrative example of this phenomenon is scaphocephaly; the name providing a direct hint regarding the deformity of the ... Most likely, a role is played by biomechanical factors, as well as environmental, hormonal and genetical factors. New insights ...
A biomechanical study". The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume. 67 (3): 418-421. ISSN 0021-9355. PMID 3972866. ... The same phenomenon occurred in Greek, in which μῦς, mȳs, means both "mouse" and "muscle". ...
Healthy sitting posture therefore, is best thought of as an active not static phenomenon."[5] There are ways to improve your ... There are different factors which can impact on posture and they include occupational activities and biomechanical factors such ...
Some paleobiologists report that, based on computer models of their biomechanical capabilities, certain long-tailed dinosaurs ... the phenomenon which caused flight inputs (stick, rudder) to switch direction at high speed; it was the cause of many accidents ...
Biomechanical Engineering:. *Bionics: an integration of Biomedical, focused more on the robotics and assisted technologies. (Ex ...
From a biomechanical point of view, the role of the macula flava is very important. Hirano and Sato studies suggested that the ... Other benign pathological phenomena like polyps, vocal fold nodules and edema will also introduce disordered phonation.[43] ... Gray SD, Titze IR, Alipour F, Hammond TH (January 2000). "Biomechanical and histologic observations of vocal fold fibrous ... and biomechanical properties. In the end, cell-surface receptors close the loop by giving feedback on the surrounding ECM to ...
... even to the point of automation and thus achieving a manipulation over those natural phenomena so as to concede to them an ... Biomechanical engineering. *Bioprocess engineering, products from biological materials. *Biotechnical engineering. *Ecological ...
Studying or analyzing a phenomenon with FEM is often referred to as finite element analysis (FEA). ... A variety of specializations under the umbrella of the mechanical engineering discipline (such as aeronautical, biomechanical, ... where it is more important to have accurate predictions over developing highly nonlinear phenomena (such as tropical cyclones ... are a particular class of numerical simulation algorithms for the simulation of physical phenomena. It was developed by ...
The CMR phenomenon indicates that how long a bond can sustain force at a given level can depend on the history of force ... "An integrin αIIbβ3 intermediate affinity state mediates biomechanical platelet aggregation". Nature Materials. 18 (7): 760-9. ... This "shear-threshold phenomenon" was initially characterized in 1996 by Finger et al. who showed that leukocyte binding and ... Sivasankar and his research team have found that the mechanism behind the puzzling phenomenon is due to long-lived, force- ...
Micropatterning has clearly shown these phenomena on the scale of a cell fixed on a support. Increased stiffness of the ECM: ... Journal of Biomechanical Engineering. 139 (2): 021004. doi:10.1115/1.4034991. ISSN 0148-0731. PMC 5248974. PMID 27760260. " ... The other approach, "top down", takes into account the emergence of unpredictable phenomena through the reductionist approach. ... In fact, cell phenotypes are emergent phenomena that result from intercellular nonlinear interactions and interaction with the ...
... a prearranged set of instructions that prescribe how a set of biomechanical components should behave. In contrast, Kelso showed ... complementary aspects and their dynamics are needed for an exhaustive description and understanding of the complex phenomena ...
This explanation is ultimately untenable as the sole solution to the winged cat phenomenon, for several reasons. Many notable ... Freeman, LJ; Hegreberg, GA; Robinette, JD; Kimbrell, JT (March 1989). "Biomechanical properties of skin and wounds in Ehlers- ...
To better understand this phenomenon, we can first look at healthy arterial vessels which exhibit a J-shaped stress-strain ... Vorp, David A.; Geest, Jonathan P. Vande (August 2005). "Biomechanical Determinants of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Rupture". ...
The risks can be related to biomechanical factors, where the geometry of the implants does not support the teeth in the same ... Brånemark carried out further studies into this phenomenon, using both animal and human subjects, which all confirmed this ... Planning the position and number of implants is key to the long-term health of the prosthetic since biomechanical forces ... a well-integrated implant with appropriate biomechanical loads can have 5-year plus survival rates from 93 to 98 percent and 10 ...
Fewer biomechanical constraints on increases in body size may be associated with suspension in water as opposed to standing ... A strikingly faster rate of change was found for large decreases in body mass, such as may be associated with the phenomenon of ... Sorkin, B. (2008-04-10). "A biomechanical constraint on body mass in terrestrial mammalian predators". Lethaia. 41 (4): 333-347 ...
Biomechanical study of the edge outgrowth phenomenon of encapsulated chondrocytic isogenous groups in the surface layer of ... Biomechanical study of the edge outgrowth phenomenon of encapsulated chondrocytic isogenous groups in the surface layer of ... Our results indicate that the mechanism of the "edge flourish" phenomenon is induced by the oriented outgrowth of chondrocytic ... In these studies, we quantitatively characterize the mechanobiology underlying a newly discovered "edge flourish" phenomenon of ...
... and local biomechanical factors, such as muscle weakness, obesity, and joint laxity. These risk factors are particularly ...
"Biomechanical Phenomena" by people in this website by year, and whether "Biomechanical Phenomena" was a major or minor topic of ... "Biomechanical Phenomena" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Biomechanical Phenomena" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Biomechanical Phenomena". ...
Biomechanical forces are central in tumor progression and response to treatment. This becomes more important in brain cancers ... Here we introduce a model of solid tumour growth coupled with a multiscale biomechanical description of the tumour ...
Tag : Biomechanical Phenomena / drug effects. Cardiology. Bioengineered analog of stromal cell-derived factor 1α preserves the ... 1αAnalogAndrew WisneskianimalsbiaxialBioengineeredBiomechanical Phenomena / drug effectscellderivedChemokine CXCL12 / genetics ... physiopathologyinfarctionmalemechanicalMechanical Phenomena / drug effects*MEDLINEMyocardial Infarction* / physiopathology ...
Biomechanical Phenomena Resource Information The concept Biomechanical Phenomena represents the subject, aboutness, idea or ... Data Citation of the Concept Biomechanical Phenomena. Copy and paste the following RDF/HTML data fragment to cite this resource ... Biomechanical Phenomena,/a,,/span, - ,span property=potentialAction typeOf=OrganizeAction,,span property=agent typeof= ... Biomechanical Phenomena,/a,,/span, - ,span property=potentialAction typeOf=OrganizeAction,,span property=agent typeof= ...
Biomechanical properties of the tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit cuticle during development are modulated by changes in the ... Biomechanical Phenomena * Elasticity * Esterification * Fruit / growth & development* * Fruit / physiology* * Genotype * ...
Are cranial biomechanical simulation data linked to known diets in extant taxa? A method for applying diet-biomechanics linkage ... Here we examine the link between cranial biomechanical properties for taxa with different dietary preferences in crown clade ... These findings indicate that the link between cranial biomechanical properties and carnivoran feeding preference can be clearly ... linkage model to an analysis of an extinct stem carnivoramorphan and an outgroup creodont species provides biomechanical ...
Biomechanical phenomena; Generalizability-theory; Movement disorders; Reproducibility of results. PMID:. 26126796. DOI:. ...
Radiographic, biomechanical, and histological evaluation of rhBMP-2 in a 3-level intertransverse process spine fusion: an ovine ... Biomechanical Comparison of Tension Band Fixation of Patella Transverse Fracture: Headless Screws Versus Headed Screws. ... Biomechanical model for evaluation of pediatric upper extremity joint dynamics during wheelchair mobility. ... Biomechanical comparison of supplemental posterior fixations for two-level anterior lumbar interbody fusion. ...
Biomechanical Phenomena. Blood Pressure. Computer Simulation. Humans. Myocardial Infarction / etiology. Plaque, Atherosclerotic ... Biomechanical stress analysis is a technique that allows such comprehensive assessment. This article focuses on the mechanical ... Parameter studies investigating the effect of morphologic factors on the critical biomechanical stresses and limitations of ... the material properties of atherosclerotic tissues and the studies investigating the association between high biomechanical ...
This phenomenon is fundamentally different from the nematic transition in liquid crystals and polymers (13) and vibrated ... Biomechanical ordering of dense cell populations. Dmitri Volfson, Scott Cookson, Jeff Hasty, and Lev S. Tsimring ... To explore the biomechanical effects of bacterial colony growth, we used nonmotile Escherichia coli that possess a rod-like ... The biomechanical interactions arising from the growth and division of individual cells in confined environments are ubiquitous ...
Biomechanical Phenomena. Female. Hip Dislocation, Congenital / complications, physiopathology, radiography, surgery*. Hip Joint ...
Biomechanical phenomena. Functional tests. Kinematics. Knee joint. Resumo em inglês. One of the factors that can contribute to ... been suggested as an etiologic factor that contributefor this joint injuries and early identification along with biomechanical ...
Thus the nature of tissue changes underlying these phenomena remains unknown. We have recently developed a new in vivo ... Soft Tissue Biomechanical Behavior During Acupuncture in Low Back Pain. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... ultrasound image analysis and biomechanical modeling to perform 1) quantitative measurement of soft tissue behavior during ...
Dynamic Localization Phenomena in Elasticity, Acoustics and Electromagnetism - Author: Craster, Richard V. - Price: 160,15€ ... Biomechanical Modelling at the Molecular, Cellular and Tissue Levels. Holzapfel, Gerhard A. ... Dynamic Localization Phenomena in Elasticity, Acoustics and Electromagnetism. 160,15€. Add to cart. Ebook, PDF with Adobe DRM. ...
Cyclic loading alters biomechanical properties and secretion of PGE2 and NO from tendon explants. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) ... Psychosocial and cultural phenomena also play roles.. Age. Age would be expected to be an independent risk factor for overuse ... Other biomechanical differences have also been implicated; elbow carrying angles, Q-angles, femoral anteversion, and lean body ... Hreljac A. Etiology, prevention, and early intervention of overuse injuries in runners: a biomechanical perspective. Phys Med ...
Key Indexing Terms: Manipulation, Chiropractic, Manipulation, Osteopathic, Biomechanical Phenomena. From the FULL TEXT Article ...
Mimicking bio-mechanical principles in photonic metamaterials for giant broadband nonlinearity. *Taeyong Chang ORCID: ... Pendry, J. B., Holden, A. J., Robbins, D. & Stewart, W. Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena. IEEE Trans ... Chang, T., Jeon, S., Heo, M. et al. Mimicking bio-mechanical principles in photonic metamaterials for giant broadband ...
Rosenkilde Laursen, K., Bønløkke, J. H., Bilde, M., Glasius, M., Bendstrup, E., Kjærgaard, S. K., Olin, A-C. & Sigsgaard, T., 7 Sep 2020, In: European Respiratory Journal. 56, Suppl. 64, 4387.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Conference abstract in journal › Research › peer-review ...
Frøkjær, J. B., Akisik, F., Farooq, A., Akpinar, B., Dasyam, A., Drewes, A. M., Haldorsen, I. S., Morana, G., Neoptolemos, J. P., Olesen, S. S., Petrone, M. C., Sheel, A., Shimosoegawa, T., Whitcomb, D. C. & Working group for the International (IAP - APA - JPS - EPC) Consensus Guidelines for Chronic Pancreatitis, okt. 2018, I : Pancreatology. 18, 7, s. 764-773 10 s.. Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift › Tidsskriftartikel › Forskning › peer review ...
Biomechanical loading[edit]. As well as medication, rehabilitation programmes and surgical interventions, the application of ... This phenomenon gives rise to the possibility of an orthotic management of tremor. ... Biomechanical loading relies on an external device that either passively or actively acts mechanically in parallel to the upper ... In this regard, current trends in this field are focused on the evaluation of the concept of biomechanical loading of tremor ...
Transport phenomena with drops and bubbles. Springer Science & Business Media, 1997; 2012. Articles, a selection Ayyaswamy, P. ... "Heat transport mechanisms in vascular tissues: a model comparison." Journal of biomechanical engineering 108.4 (1986): 324-331 ...
Transport Phenomena in Living Systems (4). This course describes the movement of heat and chemical mass in biological systems. ... Biomechanical analysis of tissue injury. Students that have taken BENG 222 cannot take BENG 226 for credit. Recommended ... Diffusion-reaction phenomena. Active transport. Biological mass transfer coefficients. Steady and unsteady state. Flux-force ... Biophysical phenomena, transducers, and electronics as related to the design of biomedical instrumentation. Potentiometric and ...
This chapter discusses the basic concepts and terms of biodynamics, biomechanical stress, and the biomechanical aspects of ... This phenomenon is called hysteresis (Fig. 3.24). For example, when an intervertebral disc is subjected to repetitive cycles of ... of Major Static and Kinetic Factors Influencing Mechanical Efficiency of Muscular Effort Biomechanical Stress Biomechanical ... BIOMECHANICAL FATIGUE AND ENDURANCE The process of developing structure cracks when subjected to cyclic loading is called ...
Biomechanical Phenomena Blastocyst Cell Survival Embryo Implantation Female Fertility Fertilization in Vitro Humans Infertility ... Methods to assess the biomechanical properties of cells offer many of these traits, and there is a growing body of evidence in ... The biomechanical properties of oocytes and embryos undergo a dynamic, characteristic transformation from oocyte maturation ... Newer, objective and quantitative methods of biomechanical assessment are being applied to oocyte and embryo selection, with ...
KEY WORDS: Parkinson disease; Biomechanical phenomena; Posture. inizio pagina. Copyright © 2020 Edizioni Minerva Medica ... which can characterize the postural kinematic biomechanical profile of an individual; this approach was then applied to a ...
Animals; Biomechanical Phenomena; Bone Cements; Calcium Phosphates; Finite Element Analysis; Polymethyl Methacrylate; Spinal ...
Bull AMJ, Amis AA (1998) The pivot-shift phenomenon: a clinical and biomechanical perspective. Knee 5(3):141-158. doi: 10.1016/ ... Kondo E, Merican AM, Yasuda K, Amis AA (2014) Biomechanical analysis of knee laxity with isolated anteromedial or ...
Finite element implementation of mechanochemical phenomena in neutral deformable porous media under finite deformation. G.A. ... In Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol. 133, No. 8, 2011. DOI: 10.1115/1.4004810 Biological soft tissues and cells may be ... Dark NE regions in the left atrial wall on LGE MRI demonstrate findings similar to the no-reflow phenomenon. Although the ... This finite element code includes a number of unique features that enhance the modeling of mechanochemical phenomena in ...
  • Journal of biomechanical engineering 108.4 (1986): 324-331. (
  • Application of this diet-biomechanics linkage model to an analysis of an extinct stem carnivoramorphan and an outgroup creodont species provides biomechanical evidence for the evolution of taxa into distinct hypercarnivorous and generalist feeding styles prior to the appearance of crown carnivoran clades with similar feeding preferences. (
  • Biomechanics and steampunk have become an interesting phenomenon of the digital age. (
  • Biomechanics is an element of clinimetry, which registers movement parameters and analyzes complex inter-parameter phenomena, mainly to an extent to which they reflect the impact of internal and external mechanical forces. (
  • Biomechanical testing on human cadaveric tissue, if properly designed, offers a practical means to evaluate joint biomechanics and injury mechanisms. (
  • They are interested in a variety of biomechanical and physiological phenomena in biological systems. (
  • Scaffolds for articular cartilage repair have to be optimally biodegradable with simultaneous promotion of hyaline cartilage formation under rather complex biomechanical and physiological conditions. (
  • There was a point of physiological, neural and biomechanical converge where all his systems were synced up and efficient. (
  • HORIBA Medical has chosen to use COMSOL Multiphysics® and its CFD, Heat Transfer, AC/DC and Microfuidics modules to better understand the physical phenomena related to the architecture of systems and their geometries, with a goal of obtaining optimal design and performance. (
  • Analysis and understanding of physical phenomena to identify health problems such as tumors. (
  • This review summarizes the current evidence regarding application and use of biomechanical modeling in the study of stent properties, local flow dynamics, and outcomes after percutaneous coronary interventions in bifurcation lesions. (
  • Biomechanical modeling of bifurcation stenting involves computational simulations and in vitro bench testing using subject-specific arterial geometries obtained from in vivo imaging. (
  • This phenomenon should be taken into consideration for accurate biomechanical modeling in these individuals. (
  • Most of the time the dynamic knee valgus has been suggested as an etiologic factor that contributefor this joint injuries and early identification along with biomechanical factors associated with knee joint injuries is important. (
  • What Is the Scientific Basis for Knee Ligament Healing and Maturation to Restore Biomechanical Properties and a Return to Sport? (
  • Noyes FR et al (1991) An analysis of the pivot shift phenomenon the knee motions and subluxations induced by different examiners. (
  • Fukubayashi T, Torzilli PA, Sherman MF et al (1982) An in vitro biomechanical evaluation of anterior-posterior motion of the knee. (
  • Biomechanical Phenomena" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (
  • Bull AMJ, Amis AA (1998) The pivot-shift phenomenon: a clinical and biomechanical perspective. (
  • Osteopathic physicians integrate a thorough medical history with palpatory examination of a patient to ascertain distinctive characteristics and origins of the patient's pain, to evaluate how pain uniquely affects the patient, and to determine whether segmental, reflex, or triggered pain phenomena coexist in the patient. (
  • Furthermore, the biomechanical demands associated with StS movements likely differ markedly between humans and non-human animals. (
  • In these studies, we quantitatively characterize the mechanobiology underlying a newly discovered "edge flourish" phenomenon of cultured chondrocytes within a three-dimensional agarose hydrogel, which may ultimately nurture scaffold-free cartilaginous tissue regeneration. (
  • Thus the nature of tissue changes underlying these phenomena remains unknown. (
  • Biomechanical modelling at the molecular, cellular, and tissue levels / edited by Gerhard A. Holzapfel, Ray W. Ogden. (
  • Armed with sophisticated computational tools, researchers are seeking answers to fundamental questions by exploring complex biomechanical phenomena at the molecular, cellular, tissue and organ levels. (
  • Moreover, given the eye's multiple interconnected parts, each of which is comprised of layers of cells, connective tissue, and fluid that must all function properly to give us sight (our most valued sense), it's perhaps no surprise that there are myriad biomechanical ways the eye can fail. (
  • Complex biochemical and biomechanical interactions govern how cancer cells spread from tumors and metastasize in nearby tissue. (
  • Similarly, we're trying to find out how biomechanical and biochemical components of a cancer cell interact to propel that cell from a tumor to surrounding tissue. (
  • The adequate modelling of soft biological tissue behaviour is a key issue in successfully reproducing biomechanical problems through computational analysis. (
  • Our results indicate that the mechanism of the "edge flourish" phenomenon is induced by the oriented outgrowth of chondrocytic isogenous groups located at the edge of hydrogel. (
  • This study aims to evaluate the biomechanical mechanism of fixation systems in the most frequent T-shaped acetabular fracture using finite element method. (
  • Studies on the biomechanical mechanism, practicality, and effectiveness of internal fixation systems are rare because of the complexity of the pelvic fracture and its fixation systems. (
  • This study aims to create an FE model and evaluate the biomechanical mechanism of three methods of fixation systems for T-shaped fracture, one of the most common fractures with complicated procedures. (
  • Mucociliary clearance is a biomechanical mechanism of airway protection. (
  • Already, biomechanical models of practically every part of the eye-from the muscles that control eye movement to the cornea, lens, vitreous humour, sclera, lamina cribrosa and retina-are contributing to a better understanding of both the normal and the diseased eye. (
  • Biomechanical models of the eye muscles can give insights into diseases in which the muscles fail. (
  • Relaxation phenomenon in lumbar trunk muscles during lateral bending. (
  • Myoelectric activities in lumbar muscles and biomechanical analyses were carried out to determine if a flexion/relaxation phenomenon arose in lateral trunk bending. (
  • A 22 muscle biomechanical model was used to compute contraction forces in lumbar trunk muscles and compression and shear load acting on the spine for each task and each subject. (
  • No relaxation phenomenon was noted for left or right oblique abdominal muscles, either with no load or with a 5 kilogram load held in the hand on the side to which bending occurred. (
  • Here we introduce a model of solid tumour growth coupled with a multiscale biomechanical description of the tumour microenvironment, which facilitates the explicit simulation of fibre-fibre and tumour-fibre interactions. (
  • The biomechanical interactions arising from the growth and division of individual cells in confined environments are ubiquitous, yet little work has focused on this fundamental aspect of colony formation. (
  • In isolating this aspect of colony development, we are able to develop a precise quantitative understanding of the role of biomechanical interactions in the formation of highly organized bacterial colonies. (
  • The physics of mucus transport is poorly understood because it involves complex phenomena such as long-range hydrodynamic interactions, active collective ciliary motion, and the complex rheology of mucus. (
  • We study the biomechanical interactions between the lipid bilayer and the cytoskeleton in a red blood cell (RBC) by developing a general framework for mesoscopic simulations. (
  • Hence, the DPD simulations and comparisons with available independent experiments serve as validation of the unique two-component model and lead to useful insights into the biomechanical interactions between the lipid bilayer and the cytoskeleton of the RBC. (
  • This chapter discusses the basic concepts and terms of biodynamics, biomechanical stress, and the biomechanical aspects of articular cartilage pertinent to the clinical setting. (
  • Impaired wound healing is a well-documented phenomenon both in experimental and clinical diabetes ( 1 ). (
  • Biomechanical and clinical studies suggest an increased risk, but compelling data have not yet been put forth to settle this difficult issue. (
  • 6 , 7 Investigators have attempted to explore this issue through both clinical and biomechanical studies. (
  • The making of prosthetic organs such as artificial hearts, kidneys, and joints are examples of devices developed by biomechanical engineers. (
  • A complete biomechanical analysis of human motion or motion of a part would include both kinematic and kinetic data. (
  • However, no complete kinematic data and relative biomechanical analysis for evaluating spinal instability treated with unilateral and bilateral laminotomy are available. (
  • Through their unprecedented effort to develop three-dimensional, multiscale models of the biomechanical motion and biochemical signaling of cellular proteins associated with breast cancer, the researchers hope to establish how these two phenomena work together to drive cancer cell migration, invasion and metastasis. (
  • Biomechanical forces are central in tumor progression and response to treatment. (
  • Baltzer, HL & Moran, SL 2016, ' The Biomechanical Impact of Digital Loss and Fusion Following Trauma: Setting the Patient up for Success ', Hand Clinics , vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 443-463. (
  • However, on coral reefs, differences in biomechanical vulnerability have major demographic implications, and indeed are believed to play an essential role in mediating species coexistence because highly competitive growth forms are vulnerable to physical dislodgment events that occur with high frequency (e.g. annual summer storms). (
  • A comprehensive assessment of links between the environment and the organism, including those mediated by biomechanical processes, must convert environmental effects on individual-level performance (e.g. survival, growth and reproduction) into a common currency that is relevant to the capacity to contribute to population growth. (
  • Our research especially draws from multiple disciplines to address fundamental materials challenges - in controlling the growth, processing, ordering, and heterogeneity of nanomaterials and in understanding phenomena beyond the scale of single nanostructures - that must be overcome to exploit these exciting components in technology. (
  • The active behaviour of tissues is characterized through constitutive models capable of reproducing the growth and remodelling phenomena. (
  • Numerical simulation of real-world phenomena provides fertile ground for building interdisciplinary relationships. (
  • Introdution to continuum theory and numerical solutions or biomechanical problems. (
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Biomechanical Phenomena" by people in this website by year, and whether "Biomechanical Phenomena" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (
  • At low density, communication among cells occurs mainly through chemotaxis, but as bacteria aggregate and form dense communities, direct biomechanical interaction plays an increasingly strong role in colony organization. (
  • Biomechanical Analysis of All-Suture Suture Anchor Fixation Compared With Conventional Suture Anchors and Interference Screws for Biceps Tenodesis. (
  • Biomechanical Analysis of Medial-Row All-Suture Suture Anchor Fixation for Rotator Cuff Repair in a Pair-Matched Cadaveric Model. (
  • Biomechanical stress analysis is a technique that allows such comprehensive assessment. (
  • In biomechanical analysis by using the FE model, any combination of models and any change of external loads are possible. (
  • Specifically, biomechanical AAA analysis [ 10 , 11 ] (usually based on finite-element (FE) modelling) allows a more holistic rupture risk assessment and quantitatively integrates many risk factors. (
  • This phenomenon, usually noticed anecdotally by decrease extremity clinicians, is increasingly turning into a focus of biomechanical analysis. (
  • Parameter studies investigating the effect of morphologic factors on the critical biomechanical stresses and limitations of current simulation models are also reviewed. (
  • The biomechanical AAA rupture risk assessment quantitatively integrates many known AAA rupture risk factors but the variability of risk predictions due to model input uncertainties remains a challenging limitation. (
  • Generally, the collective dynamics of such cell populations involve a complex interplay of various physical, chemical, and biological phenomena such as chemotaxis ( 5 ), motility ( 6 ), cell-cell signaling ( 7 ), adhesion ( 8 ), and gene regulation ( 9 ). (
  • The biological phenomenon known as ligamentization and the maturation process that the ACL graft undergoes is complex, intricate, and still a matter of debate. (
  • We discuss the basic mechanics that govern plaque behavior, the material properties of atherosclerotic tissues and the studies investigating the association between high biomechanical stresses and plaque rupture. (
  • If we understand how animals work from a biomechanical perspective then we can understand how they suffer injuries and how they can best be cared for. (
  • Advanced AAA biomechanical modelling paired with a probabilistic rupture index definition as known from engineering risk assessment seems to be superior to a purely deterministic approach. (
  • Here we examine the link between cranial biomechanical properties for taxa with different dietary preferences in crown clade Carnivora, the most diverse clade of carnivorous mammals. (
  • These findings indicate that the link between cranial biomechanical properties and carnivoran feeding preference can be clearly defined and characterized, despite phylogenetic and allometric effects. (
  • Amateur football pitches: Mechanical properties of the natural ground and of different artificial turf infills and their biomechanical implications. (
  • The combined static and dynamic biomechanical properties of these scaffolds are crucial for the final success of the treatment. (
  • As many previously conducted studies evaluated either morphological changes or biomechanical properties of treated bones, the conjunction of both structural measures is completely missing. (
  • A previously developed biomechanical interpretation of this relationship associates the coefficient b(1) with the rate of airway-resistance-increase as exhaled volume increases. (
  • Furthermore, they provide a basis for further studies to probe cell mechanistic processes in health and disease in a manner that guides the design and interpretation of experiments and to develop simulations of phenomena that cannot be studied systematically by experiments alone. (
  • 13 Support for a connection between vertebroplasty and subsequent fractures, however, comes from biomechanical data which uniformly show significant changes in both vertebral loading and vertebral shape following vertebroplasty and thus point toward the likelihood of increased fracture risk in adjacent vertebrae. (
  • The advantages of unilateral approach for bilateral decompression involve minimising damage to the bone structure and maintaining original spinal biomechanical stability, which facilitates the prevention of postoperative spinal deformation and displacement. (
  • We outline such an approach by considering the population-level performance of scleractinian reef corals over a hydrodynamic gradient, with a focus on the integrating the biomechanical determinants of size-dependent coral colony dislodgment as a function of flow, with the effects of flow on photosynthetic energy acquisition and respiration. (
  • High-performance computational and informational resource to help researchers learn about genetic basis of human disease and other biomedical phenomena. (
  • Specifically, the uncertainties in AAA wall thickness and wall strength were considered, and wall stress was predicted with a state-of-the-art deterministic biomechanical model. (
  • This paper describes the development of a multi-body biomechanical model that can be used to assess the risk of low back disorders due to occupational exposure to jarring and jolting from operation of heavy mobile equipment (e.g., trucks, haulers, graders, tractors, etc. (
  • In order to estimate the loading on the spine due to whole body vibration (WBV) to low back pain (LBP), it jarring and jolting, we developed a specialized multi-body was noted that operators of heavy equipment in occupations biomechanical model of the human skeletal system. (
  • A 4-body spinal model is more efficient than a 17 model can employ as many bodies as needed to study a segment model for obtaining gross-motion simulation, given phenomena. (
  • Though empirical data has been collected about this phenomenon, a biomechanical model has not been employed in predicting post-surgical outcomes. (
  • Es fa servir un model de creixement que té en compte la disponibilitat biològica de l'organisme, que després s'amplia per incloure dany direccional en el model. (
  • Aquest model captura la recuperació de rigidesa que s'observa en teixits que es guareixen. (
  • Despite this encouraging progress, the variability of biomechanical predictions due to uncertainty of input information remains a challenging limitation. (
  • Caution in interpreting the results of studies that evaluated the effects of belt use on predictions of biomechanical loading of the spine. (
  • Due to limitations in existing biomechanical simulate the response of soft tissues connecting the arms, models of spinal loading, however, it has been difficult to head, neck, trunk and legs. (
  • Moreover, restoration of the ulcer biomechanical strength was significantly enhanced after OTR4120 treatment. (
  • There are insufficient dam indicating that typical industrial back belts significantly reduce the biomechanical loading of the trunk during manual lifting. (
  • Special attention has been given to anthropomotorics and psychomotorics, which give a broader context to motion's driving phenomena and consequences, thus offering a variety of new parameters that have not been considered in close relation to motion so far. (
  • The course work will identify physical and psychological phenomena associated with human behavior, and demonstrate how it can impact performance under stress. (
  • Biomechanical structural stresses of atherosclerotic plaques. (