Biological Processes: Biological activities and function of the whole organism in human, animal, microorgansims, and plants, and of the biosphere.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis: Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.Gene Regulatory Networks: Interacting DNA-encoded regulatory subsystems in the GENOME that coordinate input from activator and repressor TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS during development, cell differentiation, or in response to environmental cues. The networks function to ultimately specify expression of particular sets of GENES for specific conditions, times, or locations.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.MicroRNAs: Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs, 21-25 nucleotides in length generated from single-stranded microRNA gene transcripts by the same RIBONUCLEASE III, Dicer, that produces small interfering RNAs (RNA, SMALL INTERFERING). They become part of the RNA-INDUCED SILENCING COMPLEX and repress the translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) of target RNA by binding to homologous 3'UTR region as an imperfect match. The small temporal RNAs (stRNAs), let-7 and lin-4, from C. elegans, are the first 2 miRNAs discovered, and are from a class of miRNAs involved in developmental timing.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Protein Interaction Mapping: Methods for determining interaction between PROTEINS.Systems Biology: Comprehensive, methodical analysis of complex biological systems by monitoring responses to perturbations of biological processes. Large scale, computerized collection and analysis of the data are used to develop and test models of biological systems.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Databases, Genetic: Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Biological Products: Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Genomics: The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Protein Interaction Maps: Graphs representing sets of measurable, non-covalent physical contacts with specific PROTEINS in living organisms or in cells.Molecular Sequence Annotation: The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.Transcriptome: The pattern of GENE EXPRESSION at the level of genetic transcription in a specific organism or under specific circumstances in specific cells.Biological Assay: A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.Proteomics: The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.Gene Ontology: Sets of structured vocabularies used for describing and categorizing genes, and gene products by their molecular function, involvement in biological processes, and cellular location. These vocabularies and their associations to genes and gene products (Gene Ontology annotations) are generated and curated by the Gene Ontology Consortium.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Proteome: The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.Databases, Protein: Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Biological Therapy: Treatment of diseases with biological materials or biological response modifiers, such as the use of GENES; CELLS; TISSUES; organs; SERUM; VACCINES; and humoral agents.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Metabolic Networks and Pathways: Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.Protein Structure, Tertiary: The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Mass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.Cell Line, Tumor: A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Genome: The genetic complement of an organism, including all of its GENES, as represented in its DNA, or in some cases, its RNA.Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Structure-Activity Relationship: The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Cell Proliferation: All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.Cell Physiological Processes: Cellular functions, mechanisms, and activities.Data Mining: Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.Biological Warfare: Warfare involving the use of living organisms or their products as disease etiologic agents against people, animals, or plants.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Microarray Analysis: The simultaneous analysis, on a microchip, of multiple samples or targets arranged in an array format.Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action during the developmental stages of an organism.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Caenorhabditis elegans: A species of nematode that is widely used in biological, biochemical, and genetic studies.Expressed Sequence Tags: Partial cDNA (DNA, COMPLEMENTARY) sequences that are unique to the cDNAs from which they were derived.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.RNA Interference: A gene silencing phenomenon whereby specific dsRNAs (RNA, DOUBLE-STRANDED) trigger the degradation of homologous mRNA (RNA, MESSENGER). The specific dsRNAs are processed into SMALL INTERFERING RNA (siRNA) which serves as a guide for cleavage of the homologous mRNA in the RNA-INDUCED SILENCING COMPLEX. DNA METHYLATION may also be triggered during this process.Cell Differentiation: Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.Computer Graphics: The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Multigene Family: A set of genes descended by duplication and variation from some ancestral gene. Such genes may be clustered together on the same chromosome or dispersed on different chromosomes. Examples of multigene families include those that encode the hemoglobins, immunoglobulins, histocompatibility antigens, actins, tubulins, keratins, collagens, heat shock proteins, salivary glue proteins, chorion proteins, cuticle proteins, yolk proteins, and phaseolins, as well as histones, ribosomal RNA, and transfer RNA genes. The latter three are examples of reiterated genes, where hundreds of identical genes are present in a tandem array. (King & Stanfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Protein Processing, Post-Translational: Any of various enzymatically catalyzed post-translational modifications of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS in the cell of origin. These modifications include carboxylation; HYDROXYLATION; ACETYLATION; PHOSPHORYLATION; METHYLATION; GLYCOSYLATION; ubiquitination; oxidation; proteolysis; and crosslinking and result in changes in molecular weight and electrophoretic motility.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Apoptosis: One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.Gene Library: A large collection of DNA fragments cloned (CLONING, MOLECULAR) from a given organism, tissue, organ, or cell type. It may contain complete genomic sequences (GENOMIC LIBRARY) or complementary DNA sequences, the latter being formed from messenger RNA and lacking intron sequences.Tumor Markers, Biological: Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in neoplastic tissue.Ligands: A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Biological Clocks: The physiological mechanisms that govern the rhythmic occurrence of certain biochemical, physiological, and behavioral phenomena.Molecular Imaging: The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; FLUORESCENCE IMAGING; and MICROSCOPY.Conserved Sequence: A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.Vocabulary, Controlled: A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)Cells: The fundamental, structural, and functional units or subunits of living organisms. They are composed of CYTOPLASM containing various ORGANELLES and a CELL MEMBRANE boundary.Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Sequence Analysis, RNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, sequencing, and information analysis of an RNA SEQUENCE.Sequence Analysis, Protein: A process that includes the determination of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE of a protein (or peptide, oligopeptide or peptide fragment) and the information analysis of the sequence.Artificial Intelligence: Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Drosophila melanogaster: A species of fruit fly much used in genetics because of the large size of its chromosomes.Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Peptides: Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.Disease: A definite pathologic process with a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.Cell Movement: The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.Organ Specificity: Characteristic restricted to a particular organ of the body, such as a cell type, metabolic response or expression of a particular protein or antigen.Genome, Human: The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.Phosphorylation: The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.Stress, Physiological: The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Physiological Phenomena: The functions and properties of living organisms, including both the physical and chemical factors and processes, supporting life in single- or multi-cell organisms from their origin through the progression of life.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Promoter Regions, Genetic: DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Pest Control, Biological: Use of naturally-occuring or genetically-engineered organisms to reduce or eliminate populations of pests.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Microscopy, Fluorescence: Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.Amino Acid Motifs: Commonly observed structural components of proteins formed by simple combinations of adjacent secondary structures. A commonly observed structure may be composed of a CONSERVED SEQUENCE which can be represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE.DNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.DNA, Complementary: Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.RNA: A polynucleotide consisting essentially of chains with a repeating backbone of phosphate and ribose units to which nitrogenous bases are attached. RNA is unique among biological macromolecules in that it can encode genetic information, serve as an abundant structural component of cells, and also possesses catalytic activity. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)Cell Physiological Phenomena: Cellular processes, properties, and characteristics.Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins: Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing: Techniques of nucleotide sequence analysis that increase the range, complexity, sensitivity, and accuracy of results by greatly increasing the scale of operations and thus the number of nucleotides, and the number of copies of each nucleotide sequenced. The sequencing may be done by analysis of the synthesis or ligation products, hybridization to preexisting sequences, etc.Blotting, Western: Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.Mammals: Warm-blooded vertebrate animals belonging to the class Mammalia, including all that possess hair and suckle their young.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Drug Design: The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.Chromatography, Liquid: Chromatographic techniques in which the mobile phase is a liquid.Nucleic Acid Conformation: The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.Yeasts: A general term for single-celled rounded fungi that reproduce by budding. Brewers' and bakers' yeasts are SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE; therapeutic dried yeast is YEAST, DRIED.Drug Discovery: The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.Nanotechnology: The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.HeLa Cells: The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.Systems Integration: The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Genome, Fungal: The complete gene complement contained in a set of chromosomes in a fungus.Multiprotein Complexes: Macromolecular complexes formed from the association of defined protein subunits.Cell Division: The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins: Proteins from the nematode species CAENORHABDITIS ELEGANS. The proteins from this species are the subject of scientific interest in the area of multicellular organism MORPHOGENESIS.Arabidopsis Proteins: Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Up-Regulation: A positive regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.Drosophila Proteins: Proteins that originate from insect species belonging to the genus DROSOPHILA. The proteins from the most intensely studied species of Drosophila, DROSOPHILA MELANOGASTER, are the subject of much interest in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.Two-Hybrid System Techniques: Screening techniques first developed in yeast to identify genes encoding interacting proteins. Variations are used to evaluate interplay between proteins and other molecules. Two-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for protein-protein interactions, one-hybrid for DNA-protein interactions, three-hybrid interactions for RNA-protein interactions or ligand-based interactions. Reverse n-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for mutations or other small molecules that dissociate known interactions.Biological Transport: The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.Zebrafish: An exotic species of the family CYPRINIDAE, originally from Asia, that has been introduced in North America. They are used in embryological studies and to study the effects of certain chemicals on development.HEK293 Cells: A cell line generated from human embryonic kidney cells that were transformed with human adenovirus type 5.Fluorescent Dyes: Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.RNA, Plant: Ribonucleic acid in plants having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Fibroblasts: Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.Toxicogenetics: The study of existing genetic knowledge, and the generation of new genetic data, to understand and thus avoid DRUG TOXICITY and adverse effects from toxic substances from the environment.Crystallography, X-Ray: The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Cell Adhesion: Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.RNA, Small Interfering: Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs (21-31 nucleotides) involved in GENE SILENCING functions, especially RNA INTERFERENCE (RNAi). Endogenously, siRNAs are generated from dsRNAs (RNA, DOUBLE-STRANDED) by the same ribonuclease, Dicer, that generates miRNAs (MICRORNAS). The perfect match of the siRNAs' antisense strand to their target RNAs mediates RNAi by siRNA-guided RNA cleavage. siRNAs fall into different classes including trans-acting siRNA (tasiRNA), repeat-associated RNA (rasiRNA), small-scan RNA (scnRNA), and Piwi protein-interacting RNA (piRNA) and have different specific gene silencing functions.Circadian Rhythm: The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in fungi.Cellvibrio: A genus of aerobic, gram-negative, motile, slightly curved, rod-shaped bacteria. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Down-Regulation: A negative regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.Principal Component Analysis: Mathematical procedure that transforms a number of possibly correlated variables into a smaller number of uncorrelated variables called principal components.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Mice, Knockout: Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Tandem Mass Spectrometry: A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.Transfection: The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs: Protein modules with conserved ligand-binding surfaces which mediate specific interaction functions in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION PATHWAYS and the specific BINDING SITES of their cognate protein LIGANDS.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Pattern Recognition, Automated: In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.High-Throughput Screening Assays: Rapid methods of measuring the effects of an agent in a biological or chemical assay. The assay usually involves some form of automation or a way to conduct multiple assays at the same time using sample arrays.Cell Survival: The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Cell Cycle: The complex series of phenomena, occurring between the end of one CELL DIVISION and the end of the next, by which cellular material is duplicated and then divided between two daughter cells. The cell cycle includes INTERPHASE, which includes G0 PHASE; G1 PHASE; S PHASE; and G2 PHASE, and CELL DIVISION PHASE.Genes, Reporter: Genes whose expression is easily detectable and therefore used to study promoter activity at many positions in a target genome. In recombinant DNA technology, these genes may be attached to a promoter region of interest.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Epigenesis, Genetic: A genetic process by which the adult organism is realized via mechanisms that lead to the restriction in the possible fates of cells, eventually leading to their differentiated state. Mechanisms involved cause heritable changes to cells without changes to DNA sequence such as DNA METHYLATION; HISTONE modification; DNA REPLICATION TIMING; NUCLEOSOME positioning; and heterochromatization which result in selective gene expression or repression.Embryo, Nonmammalian: The developmental entity of a fertilized egg (ZYGOTE) in animal species other than MAMMALS. For chickens, use CHICK EMBRYO.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Protein Array Analysis: Ligand-binding assays that measure protein-protein, protein-small molecule, or protein-nucleic acid interactions using a very large set of capturing molecules, i.e., those attached separately on a solid support, to measure the presence or interaction of target molecules in the sample.Programming Languages: Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.Homeostasis: The processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable.Genome-Wide Association Study: An analysis comparing the allele frequencies of all available (or a whole GENOME representative set of) polymorphic markers in unrelated patients with a specific symptom or disease condition, and those of healthy controls to identify markers associated with a specific disease or condition.Host-Pathogen Interactions: The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.Carrier Proteins: Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.Natural Language Processing: Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.Cell Nucleus: Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Inflammation: A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.Drosophila: A genus of small, two-winged flies containing approximately 900 described species. These organisms are the most extensively studied of all genera from the standpoint of genetics and cytology.

Platelet microparticle-associated protein disulfide isomerase promotes platelet aggregation and inactivates insulin. (1/64)

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Hemoglobin precipitation by polyethylene glycols leads to underestimation of membrane pore sizes. (2/64)

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A role for candidate tumor-suppressor gene TCEAL7 in the regulation of c-Myc activity, cyclin D1 levels and cellular transformation. (3/64)

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Estrogen regulation of proteins in the rat ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus. (4/64)

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Copper regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 activity. (5/64)

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Regulation of hepatic cytochrome P450 expression in mice with intestinal or systemic infections of citrobacter rodentium. (6/64)

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Mechanism-based modeling of nutritional and leptin influences on growth in normal and type 2 diabetic rats. (7/64)

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Regulation of plasma fructose and mortality in mice by the aldose reductase inhibitor lidorestat. (8/64)

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Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is one of the most lethal cancer, mainly attributing to its high tendency to metastasis. Mounting evidence has demonstrated that genes and microRNAs (miRNAs) are related to human cancer onset and progression including invasion and metastasis.An eligible gene dataset and an eligible miRNA dataset were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database based our screening criteria. Differentially expressed genes (DE-genes) or DE-miRNAs for each dataset obtained by the R software package. The potential target genes of the top 10 DE-miRNAs were predicted by multiple databases. For annotation, visualization and integrated discovery, Metascape 3.0 was introduced to perform enrichment analysis for the DE-genes and the predicted target genes of the selected top 10 DE-miRNAs, including Pathway and Process Enrichment Analysis or protein-protein interaction enrichment analysis. The intersection of predicted target genes and DE-genes was taken as the final DE-genes. ...
Red flag symptoms in patients with tingling, how a good history can help identify the cause, possible investigations and when to refer.
Tceal1 - mouse gene knockout kit via CRISPR, 1 kit. |dl||dt|Kit Component:|/dt||dd|- |strong|KN317305G1|/strong|, Tceal1 gRNA vector 1 in |a href=http://www.origene.com/CRISPR-CAS9/Detail.
5, The conditions of D.studio Partnership application - Anyone who fits the requirement of partnership, after purchase EYEDROW Flesh Color Package(620 dollars), will receive EYEDROW D.studio partnership. - Every D.studio partner should send 10 "before & after" pictures which were performed by the partner with EYEDROW Flesh Color pigment to EYEDROW Headquarter ...
Scientists have developed a fluorescent probe technology that can be switched on and off in the aqueous environment of cells to monitor biological processes.
Published in: Premières Journées JCSEE1 - Chimie, soleil, énergie et environnement, Saint-Avold, France, 3-4 févr. 2000, p. 10 ...
More than 70 per cent of eligible Rotorua voters had their say in the second flag referendum - and the majority voted to keep the current flag.
To create your own collections, you must have a Mozilla Add-ons account.. Create an Add-ons Account or log in to your current account ...
Complete information for TCEAL8P1 gene (Pseudogene), Transcription Elongation Factor A Like 8 Pseudogene 1, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
Gene ontology biological process terms.Direction of the impact of GO Biological process terms with the largest difference in the overall direction of the impact
Pie chart summary of biological processes in the Chamaeleo chamaeleone transcriptome. The chart was assembled using Blast2GO. Notably, certain contigs (genes) c
Atlanta, GA (PRWEB) October 05, 2017 -- The Flag Company, Inc. has experienced an inordinate spike in flag replacement sales. The phenomenon is due to the
Productos para la industria del agua como bomba de agua - filtro piscina - estanque de agua - productos industriales - Para todo latinoamerica
flag of Italy: Vertically striped green-white-red national flag. Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to 3. A rich history of flags and coats of arms has existed in Italy since at least the 1200s,...
Following is a list of 37 articles related to GQs published last August, roughly classified as follows: (B). GQ-Biology: 8 articles (NT). GQ-Nano & Technology: 7 articles (R). GQ-Recognition. 12 articles (SD). GQ-Structure & Dynamics: 9 articles (S). GQ-Supramolecular: 3 articles ______________________________________________________________________ (B). GQ-Biology: Studies aimed at the discovery of GQs in living organisms and the elucidation of their role in biological processes. (putative…
Welcome to the Department of Biochemistry. We use the latest technologies and experimental systems to address the molecular, cellular, and genetic mechanisms of biological processes, including many that relate to human disease ...
Process Development Services Our Process Development (PD) Department provides extensive mammalian and microbial pharmaceutical R&D service offerings
STS Canada is an engineering group specialized in filtration and separation processes for the mining, metallurgical, energy and infrastructure industries.
Groups of homologous genes may be associated by their proximity and co-directionality in a number of phylogenetically diverse genomes. A reasonable hypothesis is that these genes act in a related biological process. When none of the genes in such a syntenic grouping have a characterized biological process they may still be used to create a Genome Property and will be children of this category ...
Omnimed Custom 5Flag System 4 Blu,Grn WH,GY,& RD Ea - Model 291735 : This product is a non stock item that must be ordered from the manufacturer. As
Plasmid Flag FoxO3 from Dr. Joan Massagues lab contains the insert FoxO3 and is published in Cell. 2004 Apr 16. 117(2):211-23. This plasmid is available through Addgene.
Biological processes, properties, and characteristics of the whole organism in human, animal, microorganisms, and plants, and of the biosphere. . ...
Biosimulation refers to a process involving simulation of biological processes with the help of computer sided mathematical models. Biosimulation is an int
Getting pregnant is much more than a biological process - once you know what actually has to happen for an egg to get fertilised you will understand why conception is often referred to as a
日本語: ポーランドの国旗は、白(#ffffff)と赤(#dc143c)の横二色旗。中世期の年代記によると建国者レヒが、夕日を背景に飛ぶ白鷲を見て旗にしたとされる。しかし、19世紀の独立運動の中では、白は共和国の尊厳を、赤は自由を表すものと意味が変わり、現在に至っている ...
With most of my business travel over, I can now start back to posting. And Im behind! Mike and I visited Elephant Delicatessen in Portland about 2 months ago and I have to say its shaping up to be a favorite. I love the small food stations, that can accommodate whatever my taste may be for the day. Brick oven pizza, soothing soups, unique and classic sandwiches, pasta, coffee and yes....even cocktails! Place your order directly with the chef at each respective station then keep an eye out to pick it up. Not only is the food great, but the store is an epicureans dream to browse.The wine selection, the cases of prepared food & the deli case are screaming "come see ...
Indirect evidence suggests that estrogen is involved in the etiology of breast cancer. Estrogen is also thought to modulate nitric oxide (NO) in human breast tumor tissue via regulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Objectives of this study were to determine whether estradiol (E2) affects iNOS expression level in breast cancer cells and to study the effect of various concentrations of E2 on cell proliferation. Immunocytochemical technique was employed to assess iNOS expression level. Proliferation of parent and 10-6 M tamoxifen resistant cells (T47D/TAMR-6) were assessed by MTT assay in the presence of E2. Addition of E2 (10-12 to 10-8 M) increases the expression of iNOS in parent cells, but not T47D/TAMR-6, Further increase in concentrations of E2 (10-8 to 10-4 M) again decreases the expression of iNOS in parent cells, but increase that of the T47D/TAMR-6 cells. Expression of iNOS in parent cells in a medium containing 1% serum (low serum) is less than the cells grown in a medium
Reactome:REACT_100463, Reactome:REACT_104378, Reactome:REACT_106986, Reactome:REACT_107353, Reactome:REACT_107808, Reactome:REACT_110691, Reactome:REACT_34638, Reactome:REACT_6946, Reactome:REACT_77304, Reactome:REACT_78116, Reactome:REACT_87183, Reactome:REACT_88148, Reactome:REACT_90436, Reactome:REACT_92149, Reactome:REACT_92596, Reactome:REACT_93357, Reactome:REACT_95391, Reactome:REACT_98332, Reactome:REACT_99471, Reactome:REACT_99529, Wikipedia:Methylation ...
The T47D/S2 Cell line is the control cell line for the tamoxifen resistant T47D/TR-1 and T47D/TR-2 lines. Antiestrogen resistance is
The nectarine, like the peach has an aromatic, sweet and tangy, juicy, soft melting flesh.. Two major types are available based on flesh colour - yellow and white.. The white flesh type is very sweet and the yellow flesh has a more tangy flavour due to its higher acid sugar ration.. Local nectarines are available from October through to April.. In Western Australia the growing regions are the Coral Coast, South West and Perth & Surrounds.. ...
for generations, the United States flag was an ever-evolving symbol that reflected the growth of the nation. When Texas became part of the United States in 1845, a 28th star was added to the flag. The 28-star flag became official on July 4, 1846.
An Integrated Bioinformatics Approach Identifies Elevated Cyclin E2 Expression and E2F Activity as Distinct Features of Tamoxifen Resistant Breast Tumors. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
I find it interesting that people get upset when someone burns an American flag in protest when there is flagrant abuse of the flag in this country every day. We all should have learned in second grade that there are rules that govern the use of the American flag: It must not fly in the rain or touch the ground or fly at night unless it is lit or worn as clothing. And when it is old and tattered, it must not be flown. It is to be burned, respectfully.
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Two‐photon microscopy is a powerful method for visualizing biological processes as they occur in their native environment in real time
I have namechanged because I know if anyone recognised my usual name I would be told to take a break from men (first red flag and yes you would be ri
PENN S TATE Hypotheses and Events An hypothesis about a biological process is a statement about relationships within a biological system. Protein P induces transcription of gene X We define an event as a relationship between two biological entities, which we call agents.
Baker, S., Singleton, G. R. and Smith, Robert H. (2006) The nature of the beast: using biological processes in vertebrate pest managment. In: Key Topics in Conservation Biology. Blackwell, London, UK, pp. 173-185. ISBN 9781405122498 Metadata only available from this repository ...
Suction Cup Flag, Wholesale Various High Quality Suction Cup Flag Products from Global Suction Cup Flag Suppliers and Suction Cup Flag Factory,Importer,Exporter at Alibaba.com.
We welcome your input and comments. Please use this form to recommend updates to the information in ZFIN. We appreciate as much detail as possible and references as appropriate. We will review your comments promptly ...
This upstream platform connects an expression system with top equipment and process control for rapid development and scale-up of robust, high-titer processes.
Alvaro Aguilar, 31 August 2001. The picture sent by Olivier makes it obvious that, unlike Álvaro Aguilar says, this is a flag. It may not be pretty, official, registered in the works of famous vexillologists, great or small - but it is obviously a flag: a piece of cloth hoisted on pole and meaning something. Álvaro calls it not a flag but just a logo in banner form; well, banner is a trickier word than flag. While it is surely a flag, it might be or not a banner ...
False flag operations are covert operations designed to deceive the public in such a way that the operations appear as though they are being carried out by other entities ...
Each Biology Store focuses on a disease, biological process, or pathway allowing you to source products specifically targeted at a defined research area.
Each Biology Store focuses on a disease, biological process, or pathway allowing you to source products specifically targeted at a defined research area.
Title:Stemness Phenotype in Tamoxifen Resistant Breast Cancer Cells May be Induced by Interactions Between Receptor Tyrosine Kinases and ERα-66. VOLUME: 13 ISSUE: 3. Author(s):Leila Farahmand, Sepideh Mansouri, Narges Jafarbeik-Iravani, Azin Teymourzadeh and Keivan Majidzadeh-A*. Affiliation:Recombinant Proteins Department, Breast Cancer Research Center, Motamed Cancer Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Recombinant Proteins Department, Breast Cancer Research Center, Motamed Cancer Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Genetics Department, Breast Cancer Research Center, Motamed Cancer Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Recombinant Proteins Department, Breast Cancer Research Center, Motamed Cancer Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Recombinant Proteins Department, Breast Cancer Research Center, Motamed Cancer Institute, ACECR, Tehran. Keywords:Alternative growth cascades, breast cancer, receptor tyrosine kinases, signaling pathways, stemness phenotype, tamoxifen resistance.. Abstract:Background: Tamoxifen is widely administered ...
Read "Identification of early senescence-associated genes in rice flag leaves, Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
A biological process represents a specific objective that the organism is genetically programmed to achieve. Biological processes are often described by their outcome or ending state, e.g., the biological process of cell division results in the creation of two daughter cells (a divided cell) from a single parent cell. A biological process is accomplished by a particular set of molecular functions carried out by specific gene products (or macromolecular complexes), often in a highly regulated manner and in a particular temporal sequence. Note that, in addition to forming the root of the biological process ontology, this term is recommended for use for the annotation of gene products whose biological process is unknown. When this term is used for annotation, it indicates that no information was available about the biological process of the gene product annotated as of the date the annotation was made; the evidence code no data (ND), is used to indicate this.. ...
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A change in the weather just ahead of the all-important flag leaf spray prompted our three Disease Force farms to opt for some fungicide firepower, with bo
This is the official online handbook for Curtin University. From here you can find information on the degrees, courses and units that are offered at Curtin.
Note: Abstracts: European Meeting on Environmental Chemistry (EMEC3), European Association of Chemistry and the Environment, December 11-14, 2002, Geneva. ...
This Finland Flag T-Shirt is printed on a T-Shirt and designed by adventure-shirt. Available in many sizes and colours. Buy your own T-Shirt with a Finland Flag design at Spreadshirt, your custom t-shirt printing platform!
I want to think that most of my excesses of youth are behind me. But even as I leave my youth, and its needs behind me, there are other knuckleheads just entering Guyland. I might not have a burning need for the Confederate flag but that does not mean that others do not have a need. Throwing the Confederate flag on the dust-heap of history would be a mistake because all of the other alternative that would fill that vacuum are worse ...
RH Baby & Childs Striped Racing Flag Sham:Even the fast and the furious need a pit stop from time to time. Finished with a bold, appliquéd stripe and embroidered racing number, our vintage-inspired ticking stripe bedding welcomes little speed racers with its ruggedly handsome construction.
Join Deke McClelland for an in-depth discussion in this video 562 Creating an American flag in Photoshop, part of Dekes Techniques
Contact me through e-mail at [email protected] and give me your postal address, and I will mail you a packet that will include a flag, some materials and more information ...
Six wheat genotypes (three female and three male) were crossed for the study of some quantitative traits in wheat. Analysis of variance showed a highly significant difference for all the characters except flag leaf area, which was significant. Testers revealed that LU26S was the best general combiner only for plant height. Mehraj showed a good general combining ability effect on plant height, flag leaf area, peduncle length, and 1000-grain weight. Farid 2006 was the best male parent as general combiner for plant height, peduncle length, spike length, number of grains per spike, and grain yield per plant. The wheat parental lines revealed that 9381 was the best general combiner for plant height, flag leaf area, peduncle length, 1000-grain weight, and grain yield per plant. Whereas 9428 was the best general combiner for flag leaf area, spike length, and number of spikelets per spike. Among crosses, LU26S × 9272, LU26S × 9381, Mehraj × 9272, and Mehraj × 9381 showed a significant effect of ...
PEER REVIEWED ARTICLES. Jozwik, K.M., Kriegeskorte, N., Mur, M. (2015) "Visual features as stepping stones toward semantics: Explaining object similarity in IT and perception with non-negative least squares" Special issue "Functional selectivity in perceptual and cognitive systems" Neuropsychologia S0028-3932(15)30199-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2015.10.023.. Jozwik, K.M., Carroll, J.S. (2012) "Pioneer factors in hormone dependent cancers" Nature Reviews Cancer 4;12(6):381-5. doi: 10.1038/nrc3263.. IN REVISION. Jozwik, K.M., Chernukhin, I., Serandour, A. A., Carroll, J.S. "FOXA1 directs H3K4 monomethylation at enhancers via recruitment of the methyltransferase MLL3". IN PREPARATION. Jozwik, K.M., Chernukhin, I., Stark R., Carroll, J.S. "FOXA1 interactome screen in MCF7 and tamoxifen resistant cell lines". Jozwik, K.M., Kriegeskorte, N., Cichy, R. M., Mur, M. "Visual features versus categories: Explaining object representations in primate IT and deep neural networks with weighted ...
In 1997, the USDC Seafood Inspection Program became aware of a process that employs a filtered wood smoke that at least one processing company, Hawaii International Seafoods, Inc., termed tasteless smoke (TS). The purpose of its application is to retard the development of the brown color that rapidly occurs in tuna flesh after it has been cut. Although carbon monoxide (CO) is a component of the tasteless smoke, its concentration is similar to that found in normal wood smoke. Unlike some other processes that result in the color of the product being enhanced or brightened and fixed through the direct use of CO at significantly higher concentrations and/or longer exposure times, this process, when used with appropriate controls, reportedly does not enhance the natural flesh color of tuna, and the color of the flesh eventually degrades over time. There is no evidence to suggest that tasteless smoke poses a health risk to the consumer from the ingestion of treated product ...
(55 days) Open-pollinated. Boldors strong germination and vigor roars to life more quickly than the other yellow beets, making it easier to grow, especially under stressful conditions. Its excellent uniform round rose-gold roots have duped many into mistaking it for a hybrid. When cooked, Boldors meat becomes fully light orange with no striations, a blend of carroty sweetness and mild beety depth. Touchstones flesh color may have more pop, but many of us favored Boldor in taste tests. And its hard to top its tops: Boldor has healthy short upright light green tops with gold stems and veins.
The reactome website was hard to use, after searching for quite some time I was able to find the part of our pathway where glutamate is converted back into glutamine by the addition of nitrogen in the form of ammonium. Reactome did not provide the gene involoved (GLN1) or the enzyme (GS), it did show that one ATP was dephosphorylated ...
May 16, 2012 - GUIDELINES ON THE USE OF THE ASEAN FLAG The ASEAN Flag is a symbol of Member States unity and support for the principles and endeavours of ASEAN and is a
The stars on the American flag each represent a state. On June 14, 1777, the first Flag Act stated, that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new Constellation,...
GENYOUth, The PepsiCo Foundation and Food for Good (FFG) today announced that they have joined forces to provide children with nutritious meals and NFL FLAG powered by USA Football
Contact me through e-mail at [email protected] and give me your postal address, and I will mail you a packet that will include a flag, some materials and more information ...
Better understanding the biophysical basis of the biological process to transfer a viral genome to infect a cell is important to many disease related fields. Pr...
... has no living processes. Damage or changes made to the visible hair shaft cannot be repaired by a biological process, though ... Hair coloring is the process of adding pigment to or removing pigment from the hair shaft. Hair coloring processes may be ... This process, which uses chemicals to alter the structure of the hair, can damage the cuticle or internal structure of the hair ... After the hair processing, the cuticle may not fully close, which results in coarse hair or an accelerated loss of pigment. ...
Comparison to biological processes[edit]. A possible limitation[according to whom?] of many evolutionary algorithms is their ... "Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Global Trends in Signal Processing, Information Computing and Communication ... An EA uses mechanisms inspired by biological evolution, such as reproduction, mutation, recombination, and selection. Candidate ... In nature, the fertilized egg cell undergoes a complex process known as embryogenesis to become a mature phenotype. This ...
Biological Processes. 69 (1): 69-80. doi:10.1521/psyc.2006.69.1.69. Abramson, L.Y., Seligman, M.E.P., Teasdale, J.D. (1978). " ... However, whether this or biological development is responsible for changes in locus is unclear. It is sometimes assumed that as ... Because Alabama residents had a more external way of processing information, they took fewer precautions prior to the ... The ICI assess variables pertinent to internal locus: cognitive processing, autonomy, resistance to social influence, self- ...
Biological Processes. 70 (1): 30-51. doi:10.1521/psyc.2007.70.1.30. PMID 17492910. Archived from the original on 2012-07-20. ... Meyer put forward a mixed social and biological framework emphasizing reactions in the context of an individual's life, and ... A half century ago, diagnosed depression was either endogenous (melancholic), considered a biological condition, or reactive ( ... narcissistic process called the libidinal cathexis of the ego. Such loss results in severe melancholic symptoms more profound ...
Weather, fog, thunder, tornadoes; biological processes, decomposition, germination; physical processes, wave propagation, ... Growth Population decrease Overpopulation growth beyond Crystal growth Oxidation Fire Rusting Geological processes include ...
Interpersonal and Biological Processes. 43 (4): 303-323. doi:10.1521/00332747.1980.11024079. PMID 6999519. Reich, Walter (1980 ...
Plant Biological and Molecular Processes; Plant Diseases; Plant Genetic Resources, Genomics, and Genetic Improvement; Quality ...
Processes that concentrate biological remains; especially the degree to which different types of assemblages reflect the ... Zooarchaeology, a focus within environmental archaeology investigates taphonomic processes on animal remains. The processes ... Archaeologists study taphonomic processes in order to determine how plant and animal (including human) remains accumulate and ... Cut marks and worked bone can inform zooarchaeologists on tool use or food processing. When there is little to no written ...
Interpersonal and Biological Processes. 73 (2): 158-172. doi:10.1521/psyc.2010.73.2.158. Suhail, Kausar; Ghauri, Shabnam (1 ... biological, or developmental processes underlying mental functioning." There are currently two widely established systems that ... The process by which conditions and difficulties come to be defined and treated as medical conditions and problems, and thus ... Biological evidence also supports the validity of the internalizing-externalizing structure of mental disorders, with twin and ...
Digel, I; Kayser, P; Artmann, GM (2008). "Molecular processes in biological thermosensation". Journal of biophysics (Hindawi ...
Interpersonal and Biological Processes. 73 (2): 130-44. doi:10.1521/psyc.2010.73.2.130. PMID 20557225. Stone, V.E.; Gerrans, P ... and processing. In the area of social psychology, social cognition refers to a specific approach in which these processes are ... Two cognitive processes that increase accessibility of schemas are salience and priming. Salience is the degree to which a ... Social cognition is "a sub-topic of social psychology that focuses on how people process, store, and apply information about ...
Interpersonal and Biological Processes. 73 (2): 130-144. doi:10.1521/psyc.2010.73.2.130. PMID 20557225. Bernard, K; Dozier, M ... Bell, Martha Ann; Christy D. Wolfe (March-April 2004). "Emotion and Cognition: An Intricately Bound Developmental Process". ... There are four important aspects of maternal sensitivity: dynamic process involving maternal abilities, reciprocal give-and- ... and other more complex cognitive processes. In families with more than one child (twins or triplets), it has been found that ...
Interpersonal and Biological Processes. 73 (2): 158-172. doi:10.1521/psyc.2010.73.2.158. Siddle, R; Haddock, G; Tarrier, N; ...
Interpersonal and Biological Processes. 73 (2): 158-172. doi:10.1521/psyc.2010.73.2.158. Peters, Emmanuelle; Day, Samantha; ...
Interpersonal and Biological Processes. 75 (2): 135-149. doi:10.1521/psyc.2012.75.2.135. ISSN 0033-2747. Veterans-uk.info " ...
Rioch". Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes. 66 (2): 104-107. doi:10.1521/psyc.66.2.104.20617. "Technical ... not on a subdivision of biological subject matter based on methods." Rioch married clinical psychologist Margaret Jeffrey Rioch ...
Zotin AI (2010). "Thermodynamic Bases of Biological Processes". Cambridge Univ. Press.. *^ Kozlowski J, Konarzewski M (2004). " ... Rau AR (September 2002). "Biological scaling and physics". J. Biosci. 27 (5): 475-8. doi:10.1007/BF02705043. PMID 12381870.. ... Kleiber's law, as many other biological allometric laws, is a consequence of the physics and/or geometry of animal circulatory ... Because the law concerned the capture, use, and loss of energy by a biological system, the system's metabolic rate was, at ...
Interpersonal and Biological Processes. 64 (4): 319-345. doi:10.1521/psyc.64.4.319.18602. PMID 11822210.. ... Foucault has argued that this process can generally arise when a minority perspective is at odds with dominant social norms and ... Romme, Marius A.J.; Morris, Mervyn (October 2013). "The recovery process with hearing voices: accepting as well as exploring ... Romme, Marius A.J.; Morris, Mervyn (October 2013). "The recovery process with hearing voices: accepting as well as exploring ...
Interpersonal and Biological Processes. 73 (2): 158-72. doi:10.1521/psyc.2010.73.2.158. PMID 20557227.. ... biological, or developmental processes underlying mental functioning."[13] The final draft of ICD-11 contains a very similar ... The process by which conditions and difficulties come to be defined and treated as medical conditions and problems, and thus ... Biological psychiatry follows a biomedical model where many mental disorders are conceptualized as disorders of brain circuits ...
Isotopic evidence or patterns that require biological processes.. *Chemistry: Chemical features that require biological ... Organic matter: Organics formed by biological processes.. *Minerals: Minerals or biomineral-phases whose composition and/or ... Life processes may produce a range of biosignatures such as nucleic acids, lipids, proteins, amino acids, kerogen-like material ... Rather, it will be distinctive patterns present in any organic compounds showing a process of selection.[13] For example, ...
Biological process. • anterior/posterior pattern specification. • multicellular organism development. • anterior/posterior axis ...
Biological process. • multicellular organism development. • intramembranous ossification. • regulation of transcription, DNA- ...
Biological process. • gamma-aminobutyric acid signaling pathway. • chloride transmembrane transport. • ion transport. • ...
Biological process. • lipid transport. • positive regulation of sequestering of triglyceride. • triglyceride homeostasis. • ... lipid metabolic process. • very-low-density lipoprotein particle assembly. • very-low-density lipoprotein particle clearance. ...
Biological process. • negative regulation of neuron apoptotic process. • somitogenesis. • positive regulation of protein ... cellular protein metabolic process. • neurogenesis. • intracellular signal transduction. • protein processing. • protein ... amyloid precursor protein catabolic process. • apoptotic process. • activation of MAPKK activity. • thymus development. • ... positive regulation of apoptotic process. • Notch receptor processing. • negative regulation of protein ubiquitination involved ...
Biological process. • regulation of protein phosphorylation. • strand invasion. • mitotic recombination-dependent replication ... Series B, Biological Sciences. 359 (1441): 87-93. doi:10.1098/rstb.2003.1368. PMC 1693300 . PMID 15065660.. ... DNA metabolic process. • telomere organization. • positive regulation of DNA ligation. • cellular response to alkaloid. • ... replication fork processing. • cellular response to ionizing radiation. • cellular response to cisplatin. • chromosome ...
... is to dissect how biological systems carry out these complex computations efficiently and potentially replicate these processes ... Sensory processing[edit]. Early models of sensory processing understood within a theoretical framework are credited to Horace ... Biological neurons are connected to each other in a complex, recurrent fashion. These connections are, unlike most artificial ... Main article: Biological neuron models. Even single neurons have complex biophysical characteristics and can perform ...
Biological process. • calcium ion transport into cytosol. • regulation of insulin secretion. • regulation of cardiac muscle ... Evidence for alternative splicing of the transcripts of three non-allelic genes". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 265 (33 ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 270 (18): 10540-3. doi:10.1074/jbc.270.18.10540. PMID 7737988.. ... The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 272 (6): 3560-6. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.6.3560. PMID 9013606.. ...
The BLACK module genes (n=269) were significantly enriched for biological processes related to growth and lipid metabolism as ... The TURQUOISE module was significantly associated with Glucose_d96 and its genes (n=1,623) were enriched for many processes ... collected from 16 calves on d33 and another 16 on d96 for whole transcriptome sequencing followed by bioinformatics processing ... such as translation, signal transduction, cell communication, protein catabolic process and fatty acid oxidation. In conclusion ...
Advanced Biological Treatment Processes in the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series provides critical insight into ... and emerging biological processes. Volume 9: Advanced Biological Treatment Processes and its sister book - Volume 8: Biological ... Advanced Biological Treatment Processes gives readers a cutting-edge illustration of the theory and practice of biological ... Biological treatment processes Filtration Flotation bioreactors biosolids environment wste management Editors and affiliations ...
... the shaping of an organism by embryological processes of differentiation of cells, tissues, and organs and the development of ... The whole process is called morphogenesis (Greek morphē. , "shape" or "form"; genesis. , "origin" or "production"). The process ... pattern, comprise the processes called morphogenesis. The processes of morphogenesis are relatively simple mechanical acts: (1 ... biological development: Morphogenesis. …regarded as growth or not? As was pointed out earlier, morphogenesis refers to all ...
... a fluorescent probe technology that can be switched on and off in the aqueous environment of cells to monitor biological ... Underwater Light Show Highlights Biological Processes * Scientists have developed a fluorescent probe technology that can be ... switched on and off in the aqueous environment of cells to monitor biological processes. The technology, devised by a team at ... "Our fluorescent switches can be operated in water, efficiently offering the opportunity to image biological samples with ...
PET Imaging Is Sensitive to the Biological Processes of Disease.. Because disease is a biological process, molecular imaging ... Determine whether the drug properly modified the biological process of disease or restored a normal process affected by disease ... Normal biological processes and their failure in disease are the targets of PET. An overview is provided with examples to ... Disease is a biological process in which molecular errors have occurred that cause normal well regulated function of cells to ...
... In this seminar, we will discuss some of the main themes ... Disciplines with similar materials as 7.342 Systems Biology: Stochastic Processes and Biological Robustness. ... are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological ...
Background Understanding the dynamical behaviour of biological systems is challenged by their large number of components and ... aBoolean Process Map, bDynamical Process Map between times \(t^{1}_{14,4}\) and \(t^{1}_{14,5}\), c3-D Process Map for the ... The method, called Principal Process Analysis (PPA), determines the contribution of each biological process to the output of ... SM4, from \(t_{3}^{r}=12.5\) h to \(t_{4}^{r}=20\) h, which neglects 42% of processes. The processes include the processes ...
... Short wave infrared quantum dots provide real-time whole body, ... By engineering the dots to bind to specific tissues of interest, researchers can use them to study biological processes in real ... The system allows us to view biological processes in living, moving animals with great clarity and detail." The work is ... Newswise - Fluorescent quantum dots are valuable tools used to tag and image biological processes in live animals. However, ...
These goals are achieved by modeling and systematically analyzing industrial processes. Process engineering research at ... Process engineering is the branch of chemical engineering that addresses the design, synthesis and operation of chemical or ... Chemical engineers develop new processes or modify existing ones in order to optimize facilities; reduce costs or maximize ... Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering. A407 Engineering Quad 609-258-5416 [email protected] ...
9780470578452 Our cheapest price for Electrochemical Processes in Biological Systems is $62.55. Free shipping on all orders ... Electrochemical Processes in Biological Systems. by Gorton, Lo; Lewenstam, Andrzej; Wieckowski, Andrzej *ISBN13: 9780470578452 ... This book discusses the ion fluxes and electron transfer processes in biological membranes and artificial bio-films. It ... Chapters include: ion transfer and ion channels in biological membranes in health and pathology; artificial membranes and films ...
The presentation centers on the fundamental drivers for these processes with an additional exposition of the essential ... contribution of inorganic chemistry techniques to the molecular characterization of these biological processes. ... Majumder, E. and Wall, J. (2017) Uranium Bio-Transformations: Chemical or Biological Processes?. Open Journal of Inorganic ... Uranium is not considered an essential metal for biological processes, but has become an essential part of lifestyle in the ...
Elucidating geological and biological processes underlying the diversification of Sulawesi tarsiers. Stefan Merker, Christine ... Elucidating geological and biological processes underlying the diversification of Sulawesi tarsiers. Stefan Merker, Christine ... Elucidating geological and biological processes underlying the diversification of Sulawesi tarsiers Message Subject (Your Name ... Elucidating geological and biological processes underlying the diversification of Sulawesi tarsiers. Stefan Merker, Christine ...
Results for biological treatment processes equipment from leading brands. Compare and contact a supplier in Alaska on ... Biological Treatment Processes equipment in Alaska In Alaska Available in Alaska Near Alaska ...
Illuminating Biological Processes and Structures Through (Bio)chemical Detection. Learn more about how biological processes and ... How Do You View? Illuminating Biological Processes and Structures Through (Bio)chemical Detection ... biological processes and structures. As we approach the 345th anniversary of van Leeuwenhoeks first publication, lets take a ... Bio-Rad Launches CHT Ceramic Hydroxyapatite XT Media and Nuvia HP-Q Resin for Process Protein Purification. Bio-Rad Launches ...
... again the relevance to biological processes emphasised and with examples drawn from biology. The topis of chemical equilibria ... Be able to identify the major acidic and basic groups in biological systems, have an understanding of the relevance of their pK ... module aims to give the students sufficient chemical knowledge to understand the principles that underlie biological processes ... Have a basic understanding of the background physical chemistry to bioenergetics and electron transport processes in nature. ...
Regulation of biological processes occurs when any process is modulated in its frequency, rate or extent. Biological processes ... For other uses, see Process (disambiguation).. Biological processes are the processes vital for a living organism to live, and ... Biological processes are made up of many chemical reactions or other events that are involved in the persistence and ... the processes by which an organism has an observable effect on another organism of the same or different species. ...
Biological processes are the processes vital for a living organism to live. Biological processes are made up of many chemical ... Regulation of biological processes occurs when any process is modulated in its frequency, rate or extent. Biological processes ... the processes by which an organism has an observable effect on another organism of the same or different species. Also: ... Chemical process Life Organic reaction Mossio, Matteo; Montévil, Maël; Longo, Giuseppe (2016-10-01). "Theoretical principles ...
... have combined two different microscope technologies to create sharper images of rapidly moving processes inside a cell. ... Better together: Merged microscope offers unprecedented look at biological processes. NIH/National Institute of Biomedical ... Better together: Merged microscope offers unprecedented look at biological processes NIH researchers combine two microscope ... This process creates very high contrast images because it eliminates much of the background, out-of-focus, light that ...
The method includes the steps of obtaining a container having a biological fluid therein, providing a first signal and ... communicating with an automated control arrangement to establish flow of at least a portion of the biological fluid along a ... A method for automatically processing a biological fluid is disclosed. ... to introduce gas into a biological fluid processing system or to separate gas from the biological fluid being processed. ...
Technical Process Summary 2 / Updated Vendor Table Assignment. In your Technical Process Summary 2 assignment you should ... The Technical Process Summary 2 assignment should contain the following information:. * Include a list of critical process ... Technical Process Summary 2 - Updated Vendor Table Assignment Rubric. You must earn an 90% or better to continue in the ... Keep your audience in mind (the judges) when writing your Technical Process Assignments. You need to be as detailed and ...
E Bonucci] -- This book follows a precursor volume devoted to biological calci?cation, - sued by the CRC Press, Boca Raton ( ... Several basic aspects of the calci?cation process were analyzed in it ... ... normal and pathological processes in the early stages. [ ... cation process in biological tissues. Now, almost 15 years ... schema:name "Biological calcification : normal and pathological processes in the early stages"@en ;. schema:productID " ...
Biological and social influences on cognitive control processes dependent on prefrontal cortex.. Diamond A1. ... Biological and social influences on cognitive control processes dependent on prefrontal cortex ... Biological and social influences on cognitive control processes dependent on prefrontal cortex ... Biological and social influences on cognitive control processes dependent on prefrontal cortex ...
A laboratory study of the Cannibal process was undertaken to determine if the Cannibal system would generate less sludge ... It was found that the Cannibal process generated 60% less solids than the conventional activated sludge system, without any ...
Drag is a dissipative process which generally results in the generation of heat. In sea water, drag can be decomposed into two ...
... a biological fluid processing assembly, and an automated control arrangement coupled to at least one of the pressure ... differential generator and the biological fluid processing assembly. The automated system may include a porous medium, such as ... An automated system for processing biological fluid includes a pressure differential generator, ... 9. An automated biological fluid processing system comprising:. a biological fluid processing assembly including:. a first ...
  • The book's expert panel of authors provides a look at a range of topics, including principles and kinetics of biological processes, vertical shaft bioreactors, upflow sludge blanket filtration, membrane bioreactors, column bioreactor, SBR, nitrification, denitrification, and emerging biological processes. (springer.com)
  • A laboratory study of the Cannibal process was undertaken to determine if the Cannibal system would generate less sludge compared with a conventional activated sludge system. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • It was found that the Cannibal process generated 60% less solids than the conventional activated sludge system, without any negative effect on the effluent quality or the settling characteristics of the activated sludge. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • This consortium of microorganisms, the biological component of the process, in known collectively as activated sludge. (aguamarket.com)
  • The MLVSS is maintained as 2500 - 3000 mg/L. The overall goal of the activated-sludge process is to remove substances that have a demand for oxygen from the system. (aguamarket.com)
  • This is achieved by the Efficient desing of the Secondary clarifier and Sludge Re-circulation system We invite to be a part f our portal Aguamarket where we offer and sale ACTIVATED SLUDGE BIOLOGICAL PROCESS and others products to quote and buy our products for water and more, also found more information like products, news, tender etc. (aguamarket.com)
  • The biodegradation of methyl tert -butyl ether (MTBE) was evaluated using aerobic mixed culture with three different approaches, including ultimate biological oxygen demand ( BOD U ) assessment, nonacclimated, and acclimated mixed cultures. (hindawi.com)
  • These molecules were formed during aerobic biological process and control several intracellular mechanisms such as a range of signaling pathways, cell cycle, programmed cell death, circadian rhythm, aging, and lifespan extension. (intechopen.com)
  • These molecules are formed during several aerobic biological processes and, in adequate levels, are involved in a number of intracellular mechanisms, such as redox signaling pathways related to cell cycle progression, programmed cell death, circadian rhythm, aging, and lifespan extension [ 2 - 7 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • In ecological networks, the processes can refer to events influencing the distribution and abundance of organisms, or to fluxes of energy and matter. (springer.com)
  • Now, almost 15 years after the publication of that book, a great variety of new data from a wide spectrum of biological organisms and systems has enriched our knowledge of the normal and pathological mechanisms which can lead to calci?cation. (worldcat.org)
  • Since the waste product of this process is oxygen, photosynthesis is vital for all the living and breathing organisms on the Earth. (writemypapers.org)
  • This proposal is focused on the S. cerevisiae peroxiredoxins and their role in peroxide decomposition, signal transduction, circadian clocks, and aging as model enzymes for the study and comprehension of these biological processes in living organisms, including humans. (intechopen.com)
  • The scientific community is just starting to uncover the agents and mechanisms taking part in the molecular biology of different organisms as we identify their genes and gene products and the corresponding biological and molecular roles of these. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The resulting low- fluoride and phosphorus effluent was then treated with the enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) process to monitor the simultaneous removal of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • As a result, many cellular processes remain too small or fast to observe. (eurekalert.org)
  • In collaboration with his colleague Mark Russo, Ph.D., also of Bristol-Myers Squibb, Fronheiser will share his enthusiasm and knowledge about how to 'mine' images for deep and detailed information about cellular processes and structures. (slas.org)
  • Scientists have developed a fluorescent probe technology that can be switched on and off in the aqueous environment of cells to monitor biological processes. (genengnews.com)
  • Watson and Crick's elucidation of DNA in 1958 initiated a time in which biological and physical scientists would strive to unravel the genetic code and its regulated expression that is the basis of development and maintenance of phenotypic function of all cells of an organism. (pnas.org)
  • Mammalian fertilization, a species-specific event, is the net result of a highly orchestrated process by which two radically different looking cells, sperm and egg, interact and unite to form a zygote, a cell with somatic chromosome numbers. (hindawi.com)
  • This thesis introduces systematic engineering principles to model, at different levels of ab-straction the information processing in biological cells in order to understand the algorithms implemented by the signaling pathways that perform the processing. (mit.edu)
  • Preferably, the selective binding process is applied to biological cells containing RNA of interest. (google.ca)
  • 7. A process as claimed in claims 1-4, wherein said biologically active RNA is isolated from biological cells as the source of said RNA. (google.ca)
  • This PhD project is related to the in-silico component of a large integrated effort to develop and exploit a controllable and fully observable platform of real biological retinal cells for computational modelling of biological visual processing. (ntu.ac.uk)
  • Here, we present a method to integrate biological information with machine learning to increase the speed and accuracy of processing images of yeast cells. (hfsp.org)
  • To understand how populations of cells respond to environmental change and process information, many laboratories modulate the environment while imaging cellular responses using time-lapse microscopy. (hfsp.org)
  • By studying the mutational signatures present in myeloma cells, the researchers identified the biological processes driving the mutational changes contributing to the development and evolution of myeloma. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Although the common cytogenetic abnormalities found in myeloma cells have been identified, the biological processes causing these mutations are not fully understood. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Developmental specification of adult stem cells and the study of how key biological processes differ in these cells between the embryonic and adult state. (dkfz.de)
  • This process can be modeled in vitro by directing the differentiation of pluripotent cell lines, such as embryonic stem (ES) cells or induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), towards the formation of the hematopoietic lineages. (dkfz.de)
  • The in vitro specification of hematopoietic lineages from ES cells and patient-specific iPSCs closely mimics the process via which HSCs are generated during development, and holds enormous potential for disease modeling and for the eventual scalable production of differentiated cells for regenerative therapy. (dkfz.de)
  • One of the current focuses of the Experimental Hematology group is to better understand the important molecular and biological differences between hematopoietic specification in vitro and in vivo, and to attempt to apply this knowledge towards developing better methodologies for the generation of functional HSCs from ES cells and iPSCs. (dkfz.de)
  • This exciting research project is focused on enhancement of Medicinal drug delivery by development of scalable processes for the supply of monodisperse biological soft nanoparticles (including viruses, micelles, vesicles and cells). (findaphd.com)
  • Actin, Tubulin and DNA ), molecular probes used in live cell imaging allow to monitor accurately biological changes of various parameters in living cells (such as ion concentration variations or any other changes in the cytosol). (tebu-bio.com)
  • Other approaches simplify the mathematical functions describing the molecular processes. (springer.com)
  • Although proliferation is the strongest parameter predicting clinical outcome in the ER+/HER2− subtype and the common denominator of most prognostic gene signatures, immune response and tumor invasion seem to be the main molecular processes associated with prognosis in the ER−/HER2− and HER2+ subgroups, respectively. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The degradation of aqueous methyl tert -butyl ether (MTBE) at relatively high concentrations was investigated by various photo-induced oxidation processes such as UV/H 2 O 2 and UV/TiO 2 as well as biological processes and their combination. (hindawi.com)
  • This Kat is grateful to his colleague Andrew Sharples , head of practice group EIP Life , for preparing this report of recent news from the European Patent Office about the patentability of products of essentially biological processes. (blogspot.com)
  • This decision did not go unnoticed by the powers of the EU, and in December 2015, the European Parliament adopted a resolution asking the European Commission to look into the patentability of products of essentially biological processes. (blogspot.com)
  • Nevertheless, the Commission has concluded that animals and plants derived from essentially biological processes should not be patentable. (blogspot.com)
  • The hydrolysis process produces large quantities of concentrated but conventional wastewaters, containing acetate, formaldehyde, formate, ammonia and nitrite. (iwaponline.com)
  • To treat these wastewaters, a denitrifying (anoxic) biological process was developed that converts the hydrolysates to harmless endproducts, such as N 2 and CO 2 . (iwaponline.com)
  • Biological treatability of major agro-industries wastewaters, such as meat processing effluents can only be evaluated with specific emphasis on slowly biodegradable substrate and using a multi-component modelling approach. (iwaponline.com)
  • New research at the Georgia Institute of Technology has added to understanding of biological nitrogen removal (BNR) in poultry processing facilities, particularly for system optimisation for resilience and efficiency. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • As discharge effluent limits are being established for total nitrogen, not just ammonia, nitrogen removal will become an even more pressing issue for poultry processing facilities, especially those with direct effluent discharge. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • The overall objective of this research project was to systematically assess the effect of conditions/parameters that can affect the efficiency of biological nitrogen removal (BNR) in poultry processing facilities by conducting targeted sampling in such facilities as well as long-term bench-scale testing. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • One of these pilot studies includes the investigation of the biofiltration process for total nitrogen (TN) removal. (environmental-expert.com)
  • This paper shows that the biofiltration process achieved an average total nitrogen concentration of less than 3 mg/L under average conditions as well as during critical cold periods. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Other aspects of physical chemistry will include energetics, binding of ligands and electrochemistry, again the relevance to biological processes emphasised and with examples drawn from biology. (aber.ac.uk)
  • We hope it helps us clarify high-speed biology that might otherwise be hidden or blurred by other microscopes so that we can better understand how biological processes work. (eurekalert.org)
  • Finally, we will study how researchers in the field of synthetic biology are using such new knowledge about biological networks to create artificial gene networks capable of performing new functions. (mit.edu)
  • There has been a long-standing interest in the basic biology of sperm-egg adhesion and fertilization process. (hindawi.com)
  • The prospects of using cell biology as a metaphor for signal processing are also consid-ered in a preliminary way by presenting a surface mapping algorithm based on bacterial chemotaxis. (mit.edu)
  • Therefore, understanding mechanism and regulation of protein folding, protein translocation and protein processing is an integral part of modern molecular and cell biology. (umich.edu)
  • The present study identified a large number of NURR1-responsive genes and demonstrated the potential importance of concentration-dependent NURR1 effects in the differential regulation of distinct NURR1 target genes and biological pathways. (frontiersin.org)
  • These alterations in gene expression can result from interactions with the environment, hereditary deficits, developmental errors, and aging processes. (pnas.org)
  • Predictive classification on the base of gene expression profiles appeared recently as an attractive strategy for identifying the biological functions of genes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Proteolytic processing by enzymes of the SPC/Kex2/furin family in yeast and metazoans with interest in structure-function relationships and discovery of human furin inhibitors as drug models for infectious, degenerative and neoplastic disease. (umich.edu)
  • Pavlostathis and Hajaya add that, given the benefits of using QACs as effective sanitation chemicals in poultry processing facilities, the effectiveness of biological processes for the degradation of QACs in order to avoid process upsets, especially for the nitrification step, should be further evaluated using alternative process configurations (e.g. sequential batch reactors, fixed-film reactors) in order to capture process variability across the entire poultry processing industry. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • This work is intended to optimize the experimental conditions for the maximum oxidative degradation of organic material by coagulation and the UV/H2O2/ferrioxalate complexes process. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Shortly afterwards, Joseph Priestley with the reference to a series of experiments announced that green plants are able to perform the same process of breathing as animals. (writemypapers.org)
  • For this reason, here in a series of experiments we investigate behavioural correlates of multisensory, in particular audiovisual, integration in the processing of biological motion cues. (epfl.ch)
  • These experiments show that macaques naturally display the distinguishing characteristics of face processing seen in humans and provide the first clear demonstration that holistic information guides scan paths for conspecific faces. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • 54(3) EPC was an exclusion of a process, and there was no basis for giving this Article a broader interpretation. (blogspot.com)
  • In exclusion processes particles move along the lattice by hopping between neighboring sites that are vacant. (rice.edu)
  • Robustness is a property of many natural biological networks whereby the behavior of the network is insensitive to variations in the numbers of inputs and the strengths of interactions. (mit.edu)
  • Volume 9: Advanced Biological Treatment Processes in the Handbook of Environmental Engineering series provides critical insight into pollution-abatement engineering. (springer.com)
  • Finally, the effects of the photocatalytic pretreatment of aqueous MTBE on its subsequent biological treatment were studied. (hindawi.com)
  • It was observed that the rate of bioreaction was not enhanced and the photocatalytic pretreatment had adverse effects on its biological treatment so that the apparent rate constant decreased to 2.83 × 10 − 1 mg L -1 h -1 . (hindawi.com)
  • What are process controls for dissolved oxygen during biological treatment? (watertechonline.com)
  • Clearly, the complete oxidation of source water ammonia prior to or as part of the water treatment process would eliminate the potential negative impacts of nitrification on distribution system water quality. (epa.gov)
  • No etiologic agent(s) has been identified, and the processes that mediate formation of coronary artery aneurysms and abatement of fever following treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) remain poorly understood. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In the study, this review attempts to offer a comprehensive summary regarding the biological coupling treatment technologies of CGW, including conventional biological processing arts, the combination of adsorption and biotechnology, biological enhancement technologies, co-metabolism technologies and the combination of advanced oxidation and biotechnology. (springer.com)
  • Meanwhile, the treatment efficiency of different biological coupling processes was compared with each other. (springer.com)
  • In the present work, an attempt has been made to consider the potential from the point of view of concepts developed in reference, i.e., with account taken of optimum self-regulation of the integral processes of metabolism. (dtic.mil)
  • Regulation of biological processes occurs when any process is modulated in its frequency, rate or extent. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the microRNA expression pattern in neutrophils from rheumatoid arthritis patients and its contribution to their pathogenic profile and to analyze the effect of specific autoantibodies or inflammatory components in the regulation of microRNAs in rheumatoid arthritis neutrophils and its modulation by biological therapies. (haematologica.org)
  • For Mirus Bio, "Programming the Genome" represents providing researchers with a set of molecular tools to study biological functions for biotechnological applications. (the-scientist.com)
  • In a groundbreaking new study from UC San Francisco, researchers have found that children affected with SPD have quantifiable differences in brain structure, for the first time showing a biological basis for the disease that sets it apart from other neurodevelopmental disorders. (ucsf.edu)
  • Researchers and professionals from industry are seeking practical approaches to extract useful knowledge to support decisions throughout process / system life cycle. (igi-global.com)
  • When a piece of information from the environment say a biological messenger meets the outer envelope of the cell, calcium ions are released inside the cell. (nanowerk.com)
  • Photosynthesis is a process of producing organic agents out of carbon dioxide and water with the help of sunlight and special photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll in plants and bacteriochlorophyll or bacteriorhodopsin in bacteria). (writemypapers.org)
  • Clp ATPases and ClpP proteolytic complexes regulate vital biological processes in low GC, Gram-positive bacteria. (nih.gov)
  • Clp proteolytic complexes consisting of a proteolytic core flanked by Clp ATPases are widely conserved in bacteria, and their biological roles have received considerable interest. (nih.gov)
  • In particular, it can reduce the particulate pollution load to subsequent secondary unit processes, such as biofiltration, which may suffer from clogging by an overload of particulate matter. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Biological and social influences on cognitive control processes dependent on prefrontal cortex. (nih.gov)
  • In the real world, they're just less able to process information efficiently, and they get left out and bullied," said Marco, who treats affected children in her cognitive and behavioral neurology clinic. (ucsf.edu)
  • The computer revolution of the 1940s led in turn to a 'cognitive revolution' in psychology during the 1950s and 1960s, with the focus upon information processing (via analogies to computers and programs) leading to an interest in internal mental processes, rather than just in the overt behaviour that had been the dominant concern of the preceding 50 years. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • One development was that advances from cognitive psychology, using its information-processing framework, led to new insights into the selective deficits of brain-damaged patients. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Information-processing models from cognitive psychology were then used to provide further insights into highly selective cognitive deficits in a variety of domains, including not only long-term memory but also short-term memory, semantic memory, reading, planning and so on. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Cognitive Brain Research, 19, 185- we report the existence of direction-selective effects: relative to control (stationary) auditory conditions, auditory motion in the same direction as the visually defined biological motion target increased its detectability, whereas auditory motion in the opposite direction had the inverse effect. (epfl.ch)