Biography as Topic: A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)BiographyBooks, Illustrated: Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Spheniscidae: The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.Witchcraft: An act of employing sorcery (the use of power gained from the assistance or control of spirits), especially with malevolent intent, and the exercise of supernatural powers and alleged intercourse with the devil or a familiar. (From Webster, 3d ed)Cytostatic Agents: Compounds that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of CELLS.Intellectual Property: Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.United StatesDrug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Consensus Development Conferences as Topic: Presentations of summary statements representing the majority agreement of physicians, scientists, and other professionals convening for the purpose of reaching a consensus--often with findings and recommendations--on a subject of interest. The Conference, consisting of participants representing the scientific and lay viewpoints, is a significant means of evaluating current medical thought and reflects the latest advances in research for the respective field being addressed.Learning Curve: The course of learning of an individual or a group. It is a measure of performance plotted over time.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Genetic Code: The meaning ascribed to the BASE SEQUENCE with respect to how it is translated into AMINO ACID SEQUENCE. The start, stop, and order of amino acids of a protein is specified by consecutive triplets of nucleotides called codons (CODON).Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Agraphia: Loss or impairment of the ability to write (letters, syllables, words, or phrases) due to an injury to a specific cerebral area or occasionally due to emotional factors. This condition rarely occurs in isolation, and often accompanies APHASIA. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p485; APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Bioengineering: The application of engineering principles and methods to living organisms or biological systems.IllinoisUrology: A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.Social Discrimination: Group behavior toward others by virtue of their group membership.Urinary Bladder: A musculomembranous sac along the URINARY TRACT. URINE flows from the KIDNEYS into the bladder via the ureters (URETER), and is held there until URINATION.Urinary Bladder Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.Euphausiacea: An order of pelagic, shrimplike CRUSTACEA. Many consume ZOOPLANKTON and a few are predacious. Many antarctic species, such as Euphausia superba, constitute the chief food of other animals.Prince Edward Island: An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)Cafe-au-Lait Spots: Light brown pigmented macules associated with NEUROFIBROMATOSIS and Albright's syndrome (see FIBROUS DYSPLASIA, POLYOSTOTIC).Neurofibromatosis 1: An autosomal dominant inherited disorder (with a high frequency of spontaneous mutations) that features developmental changes in the nervous system, muscles, bones, and skin, most notably in tissue derived from the embryonic NEURAL CREST. Multiple hyperpigmented skin lesions and subcutaneous tumors are the hallmark of this disease. Peripheral and central nervous system neoplasms occur frequently, especially OPTIC NERVE GLIOMA and NEUROFIBROSARCOMA. NF1 is caused by mutations which inactivate the NF1 gene (GENES, NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1) on chromosome 17q. The incidence of learning disabilities is also elevated in this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1014-18) There is overlap of clinical features with NOONAN SYNDROME in a syndrome called neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome. Both the PTPN11 and NF1 gene products are involved in the SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION pathway of Ras (RAS PROTEINS).Group Structure: The informal or formal organization of a group of people based on a network of personal relationships which is influenced by the size and composition, etc., of the group.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Incubators, Infant: Electrically powered devices that are intended to assist in the maintenance of the thermal balance of infants, principally by controlling the air temperature and humidity in an enclosure. (from UMDNS, 1999)Legislation, Veterinary: Laws and regulations, pertaining to the field of veterinary medicine, proposed for enactment or enacted by a legislative body.Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Glycocalyx: The carbohydrate-rich zone on the cell surface. This zone can be visualized by a variety of stains as well as by its affinity for lectins. Although most of the carbohydrate is attached to intrinsic plasma membrane molecules, the glycocalyx usually also contains both glycoproteins and proteoglycans that have been secreted into the extracellular space and then adsorbed onto the cell surface. (Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 3d ed, p502)Extracellular Matrix: A meshwork-like substance found within the extracellular space and in association with the basement membrane of the cell surface. It promotes cellular proliferation and provides a supporting structure to which cells or cell lysates in culture dishes adhere.Extracellular Matrix Proteins: Macromolecular organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and usually, sulfur. These macromolecules (proteins) form an intricate meshwork in which cells are embedded to construct tissues. Variations in the relative types of macromolecules and their organization determine the type of extracellular matrix, each adapted to the functional requirements of the tissue. The two main classes of macromolecules that form the extracellular matrix are: glycosaminoglycans, usually linked to proteins (proteoglycans), and fibrous proteins (e.g., COLLAGEN; ELASTIN; FIBRONECTINS; and LAMININ).Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.

Forty lives in the bebop business: mental health in a group of eminent jazz musicians. (1/11)

BACKGROUND: Above-average levels of psychopathology have been demonstrated convincingly in groups of outstanding individuals working in the arts. Currently, jazz musicians have not been studied in this regard. AIMS: To investigate any evidence of psychopathology in a group of eminent jazz musicians. METHOD: Biographical material relating to 40 eminent American modern jazz musicians was reviewed and an attempt was made to formulate diagnoses using DSM-IV. RESULTS: Evidence was provided of levels of psychopathology in the sample of jazz musicians similar to those found in other previously investigated creative groups, with the exception of substance related problems. An interesting connection between creativity and sensation-seeking was highlighted. CONCLUSIONS: The link between psychopathology and creativity in the arts was given further weight. Future studies of jazz musicians using larger samples and making comparison with groups from different eras of music would give greater clarification to this area.  (+info)


In an analysis of the information requests received and recorded in the Cleveland Medical Library over a two-year period, the requests were classified in four groups according to whether they were direct inquiries (factual), indirect (subject), biographical and directory, or requests for verification of literature citations. An attempt was made to discover some of the major characteristics and the volume of activity in each class. The results reflect the information services supplied by a single library with its own unique clientele and functions, rather than provide a means of generalizing about information services in all libraries, although they may give us some useful insights. Detailed analyses are made of direct and of biographical and directory questions. The largest number of inquiries received were those in which literature references on a specified subject were requested (indirect inquiries); these represented over 50 percent of the total. Most of the requests in this category called for limited coverage (five articles or less) in the recent literature (not over five years). Requests for verification of citations ranked next with 25 percent of the total, followed by direct (factual) inquiries (12 percent) and biographical and directory inquiries (9 percent), although it is recognized that these last two classes are probably underrepresented in the sample.  (+info)


The printing house of Benjamin Franklin produced several works of a medical nature in Colonial America at a time when very few medical treatises were being written or printed. Benjamin Franklin was also indirectly responsible for the founding of the first medical library in this country. For these reasons he was, in addition to his many other talents, an early contributor to American medical literature. Included in this bibliography are all the known medical books, pamphlets, and broadsides in English with Benjamin Franklin's name in the imprint, issued in America. These eighteen titles span the years 1732 to 1765 and are presented chronologically with indications of their relation to the practice and practitioners of Colonial medicine. Benjamin Franklin's press produced as wide a variety of contributions as did his versatile life, and the early history of medicine in this country bears the influence of both.I am pleased with your scheme of a Medical Library at the Hospital, and I fancy I can procure you some donations among my medical friends here, if you will send me a catalogue of what books you already have. Enclosed I send you the only book of the kind in my possession here, having just received it as a present from the author.-Benjamin Franklin to Dr. Cadwallader Evans, London, May 5, 1767 (1).  (+info)


A bibliography consisting of twenty biographical volumes covering the development of psychiatry and neurology is presented as a nucleus and guide for historical explorations. Titles of histories of psychiatry, neurology, and medicine in general are appended.  (+info)


This is an essay about the Dutch linen-draper of the seventeenth century who made more than 500 microscopes and used them to observe the tail of an eel, the sting of a bee, the nose of a louse, the brain of a fly, the spinning apparatus of a spider, the bacteria from his own mouth, etc., and who wrote enthusiastic letters to the Royal Society of London carefully describing what he saw.  (+info)

National Museum of Dentistry exhibition: the future is now! African Americans in dentistry. (6/11)

Inspired by recently published NDA II: The Story of America's Second National Dental Association and sponsored jointly by the National Dental Association Foundation and the Colgate-Palmolive Company, an historical exhibit on dentistry in the African-American community was one of the celebrations for the Golden Anniversary of the American Academy of the History of Dentistry. This exhibit premiered on Sept. 27, 2002 in the National Museum of Dentistry located on the medical/dental campus of the University of Maryland in Baltimore. The Museum recently became an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution. Contents of the exhibit were photographs, charts, artifacts, memorabilia, etc. These materials presented an overview of African-American activities in dental education, research, patient care, general practice, dental specialities, military service, and public health. Also included were inter-racial relationships, socioeconomic developments, and participation in civil rights endeavors that played a major role in changing out-dated accepted customs. The exhibit's purpose was to celebrate dentistry's ministrations as a health professional among African Americans in particular and the nation at large over the past two centuries. Respect for and progress of black dentists paralleled that of black physicians who were instrumental in including dentist and pharmacists as equal members in the National Medical Association since the latter's inception in 1895.  (+info)

Encouraging adolescents toward mental health careers via website biographies. (7/11)

This project designed, developed, implemented and is currently evaluating the effectiveness of an interactive, multi-media website designed to encourage adolescents to consider careers in mental health. This Web-based learning environment features biographies of mental health scientists. Evaluation is conducted in a systematic, structured way using cognitive achievement, usability (ease of use), and affective scales (e.g., fun to use) as outcome measures  (+info)

Spatial cyberinfrastructures, ontologies, and the humanities. (8/11)


  • Debate and discussion of any biological questions not pertaining to a particular topic. (
  • Candidates with Bachelor's degree (minimum 3 years of education) in Biological, Pharmacy, Agricultural sciences, Engineering (Bio), Medicine (M.B.BS) or Veterinary (B.V.Sc) with at least 60% marks can apply for M.Sc Biotechnology. (
  • Candidates possessing B.Sc, B.Tech or M.Sc degree in Biological, Pharmacy, Agricultural sciences, Engineering (Bio), Medicine (M.B.BS) or Veterinary (B.V.Sc) with at least 55% marks can apply for PG Diploma in Biotechnology/Bioinformatics. (
  • Bio-inspired computation is an umbrella term for different computational approaches that are based on principles or models of biological systems. (
  • The technologies such as 3D printing and nanotechnology, used in manufacturing of bio-implants would further boost the market during the forecast period. (
  • Please feel free to use this forum to discuss any topics about products, sales or any general questions you would like us to answer. (
  • Please note that the topics discussed, opinions expressed and/or information provided in this forum are those of fellow forum participants only. (
  • Neither Robert Young Pelton, nor Inc., nor Ingle International Inc., nor any other person or entity involved in the creation or maintenance of this site, takes any responsibility or provides any endorsement for the topics discussed, opinions expressed or information provided in this forum. (
  • Jan. 26, 2009 - In his opening remarks, Sergio Fantini, the moderator of Saturday night's BiOS Hot Topics session, noted that the evening's talks represented the state of the art in biomedical optics. (
  • Dr. Amukele will introduce the topic with an overview the opportunities and challenges of drone transport and a summary of his recent investigations into transportation of diagnostic clinical specimens. (
  • Clinical trials for Bio-Retina could begin in a year. (
  • The guidelines in this document are intended to facilitate the development of products that can detect problems with the BIOS so that organizations can take appropriate remedial action to prevent or limit harm. (
  • Join BIO as we champion for bringing new treatments to patients with serious medical conditions and to support policies that promote innovation and improve patient access. (
  • Understanding potential bio-based economy developments will be key in furthering implementation and innovation in parallel with sustainability strategies. (
  • For a complete list of Phoenix BIOS POST task routines and beep codes, please visit their Web site or review your motherboard's documentation. (
  • NIST announces the public comment release of NIST Special Publication 800-155, BIOS Integrity Measurement Guidelines . (
  • This document outlines the security components and security guidelines needed to establish a secure Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) integrity measurement and reporting chain. (
  • IJBIC discusses the new bio-inspired computation methodologies derived from the animal and plant world, such as new algorithms mimicking the wolf schooling, the plant survival process, etc. (
  • After several reboots and reinstalls of VirtualBox, I stumbled across a post (can't remember the link unfortunately), where the suggestion was made that - after you have enabled the hardware assisted VT option in the BIOS - you remove the battery for at at least 30 seconds. (
  • In order to strategically grow valuable and competitive bio-based economies, system solutions for innovatively cascading and cycling material and value via several interconnected processes will be required. (
  • Increasingly the pharmaceutical and chemical industries have been integrated into the bio-based economy through the increased use of bio-based raw materials. (
  • Therefore, bio-inspired methods are becoming increasingly important in the face of the complexity of today's demanding applications, and accordingly they have been successfully used in various fields ranging from computer engineering and mechanical engineering to chemical engineering and molecular biology. (
  • My biggest beef with the Bio-Patches is that nobody seemed to be able to manage to put them on correctly which made dressing changes a challenge. (
  • Bio Austin received his computer science PhD from MIT but is now more interested in programming carbon-based systems. (
  • It's a terrible biography as a biography-biography is a genre, and this one is written the way mainstream writers who don't read SF write SF. (
  • ohhh just read about the Ripley movie,this is gonna be great anybody else looked up ripleys bio he wqas a crazy man this is gonna be a dream movie lets hope the scriptwriters dont end up making this like man on the moon that movie was so flawed ,oh well here hoping. (
  • Rossa Forbes One of the best bios I've read. (
  • Talking Book Topics, published in audio, large print, and online, is distributed free to people unable to read regular print and is available in an abridged form in braille. (
  • With their unique mixes of varied contributions from Original Research to Review Articles, Research Topics unify the most influential researchers, the latest key findings and historical advances in a hot research area! (
  • IJBIC is aimed at professionals, academics, students, researchers and policy makers who are interested in the potential of bio-inspired techniques for solving problems. (
  • Drug design and delivery is poised the interface of several topics such as receptor signaling, computational modeling, targeted design, nanoscale biomaterials and toxicological profiles. (
  • Still, D. Klinghoffer is celbrating Bio-Complexity's 4th birthday [mibad--meant to reply but hit Edit instead. (
  • Cultivated Land in Poland, Bio-Chemical Pesticides Market Revenue. (
  • Poland Crop Protection Market by Type (Pesticides (Herbicides, Insecticides, Fungicides, others) and Bio-pesticides (Bio-chemical pesticides, Microbial Pesticides, others)) by Crop Type (Cereal, Vegetable and Forage Crops) - Outlook to 2022" provides a comprehensive analysis of Crop Protection market in Poland. (
  • Pesticides have been further segmented into herbicides, insecticides, fungicides and bio-pesticides have been segmented into bio-chemical and microbial bio-pesticides. (
  • I saw a Bio_Pro demo a couple years ago and remember they used sulfuric acid in the beginning of the process but doon't remember if any methanol was used until the base process was started. (
  • The study employed multiple methods (literature collection, topic modelling, and co-occurrence analysis) on a collection of abstracts from 53,292 academic articles covering technologies, applications, and products (TAPs) for bio-based wastes. (
  • As shown in Fig. 1 , products from the bio-based economy range in value and market size. (
  • Finally, the production of biofuels, electricity, and heat normally has the lowest per-weight value in relation to other bio-based economy products. (
  • My group and I are writing a research paper on the topic of 'how do chronic viral infections contribute to immune senescence and how do they affect aging as a whole? (
  • Bio essays - 5 is an overview of basic bio essays writing. (
  • There have been few considerably broad overview studies of such materials and their valuation potential in the bio-based economy in part because of the vast multitude of materials and processes that can be used to produce energy carriers, chemicals, and materials of value. (
  • The topic modelling presented an overview of research clusters related to secondary organic resources, processes, and disciplines. (
  • This is by no means an exclusive list, but aims to give a general overview of this diverse symposium topic. (
  • All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. (
  • Find out more on how to host your own Frontiers Research Topic or contribute to one as an author. (
  • Most books and magazines listed in Talking Book Topics are available to eligible readers for download on the NLS Braille and Audio Reading Download (BARD) site. (
  • A consortium of investors and project developers led by Frankens Energy has recently acquired the Indian River Bio-Refinery in Vero Beach , and is currently initiating plans to convert the site into an innovative Eco-District. (
  • The results of both the topic modelling and co-occurrence analysis are presented as online interactive web pages. (
  • The major goal of IJBIC is the publication of new research results on bio-inspired computation methods and their applications. (