Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).
Materials or phenomena which can provide energy directly or via conversion.
A non-taxonomic term for unicellular microscopic algae which are found in both freshwater and marine environments. Some authors consider DIATOMS; CYANOBACTERIA; HAPTOPHYTA; and DINOFLAGELLATES as part of microalgae, even though they are not algae.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A common name (but used formally) for a group of organisms that are mostly kinds of algae including BACILLARIOPHYTA; OOMYCETES; PHAEOPHYCEAE; and CHRYSOPHYCEAE. They all contain CHLOROPLASTS that are thought to have been derived from the endosymbiosis of ancient RED ALGAE.
Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).
Devices for generating biological products that use light as the energy source. They are used for controlled BIOMASS production such as growing cyanobacteria, mosses, or algae.
Methods and techniques used to genetically modify cells' biosynthetic product output and develop conditions for growing the cells as BIOREACTORS.
A family of glycosidases that hydrolyse crystalline CELLULOSE into soluble sugar molecules. Within this family there are a variety of enzyme subtypes with differing substrate specificities that must work together to bring about complete cellulose hydrolysis. They are found in structures called CELLULOSOMES.
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.
A species of gram-positive, thermophilic, cellulolytic bacteria in the family Clostridaceae. It degrades and ferments CELLOBIOSE and CELLULOSE to ETHANOL in the CELLULOSOME.
Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.
Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.
A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.
Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.
Salts that melt below 100 C. Their low VOLATILIZATION can be an advantage over volatile organic solvents.
An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-glucosidic linkages in CELLULOSE, lichenin, and cereal beta-glucans.
Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.
The application of engineering principles and methods to living organisms or biological systems.
A four carbon linear hydrocarbon that has a hydroxy group at position 1.
Isomeric forms and derivatives of butanol (C4H9OH).
Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.
Compounds consisting of glucosamine and lactate joined by an ether linkage. They occur naturally as N-acetyl derivatives in peptidoglycan, the characteristic polysaccharide composing bacterial cell walls. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Extracellular structures found in a variety of microorganisms. They contain CELLULASES and play an important role in the digestion of CELLULOSE.
A field of biological research combining engineering in the formulation, design, and building (synthesis) of novel biological structures, functions, and systems.
The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.
Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
A form-genus of unicellular CYANOBACTERIA in the order Chroococcales. None of the strains fix NITROGEN, there are no gas vacuoles, and sheath layers are never produced.
Polysaccharides consisting of xylose units.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
A mitosporic fungal genus frequently found in soil and on wood. It is sometimes used for controlling pathogenic fungi. Its teleomorph is HYPOCREA.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
Multicellular marine macroalgae including some members of red (RHODOPHYTA), green (CHLOROPHYTA), and brown (PHAEOPHYTA) algae. They are widely distributed in the ocean, occurring from the tide level to considerable depths, free-floating (planktonic) or anchored to the substratum (benthic). They lack a specialized vascular system but take up fluids, nutrients, and gases directly from the water. They contain CHLOROPHYLL and are photosynthetic, but some also contain other light-absorbing pigments. Many are of economic importance as FOOD, fertilizer, AGAR, potash, or source of IODINE.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
A division of predominantly marine EUKARYOTA, commonly known as brown algae, having CHROMATOPHORES containing carotenoid PIGMENTS, BIOLOGICAL. ALGINATES and phlorotannins occur widely in all major orders. They are considered the most highly evolved algae because of their well-developed multicellular organization and structural complexity.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.
Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.

Strategy for adapting wine yeasts for bioethanol production. (1/418)

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Airborne fungal and bacterial components in PM1 dust from biofuel plants. (2/418)

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Rate and peak concentrations of off-gas emissions in stored wood pellets--sensitivities to temperature, relative humidity, and headspace volume. (3/418)

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Protein engineering in designing tailored enzymes and microorganisms for biofuels production. (4/418)

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Emission of volatile aldehydes and ketones from wood pellets under controlled conditions. (5/418)

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Digestible and metabolizable energy content of crude glycerin originating from different sources in nursery pigs. (6/418)

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Effects of headspace and oxygen level on off-gas emissions from wood pellets in storage. (7/418)

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Properties of ethanol fermentation by Flammulina velutipes. (8/418)

Basidiomycetes have the ability to degrade lignocellulosic biomass, and some basidiomycetes produce alcohol dehydrogenase. These characteristics may be useful in the direct production of ethanol from lignocellulose. Ethanol fermentation by basidiomycetes was investigated to examine the possibility of ethanol production by consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) using Flammulina velutipes. F. velutipes converted D-glucose to ethanol with a high efficiency (a theoretical ethanol recovery rate of 88%), but ethanol production from pentose was not observed. These properties of F. velutipes are similar to those of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, but the basidiomycete converted not only sucrose, but also maltose, cellobiose, cellotriose, and cellotetraose to ethanol, with almost the same efficiency as that for D-glucose. From these results, we concluded that F. velutipes possesses advantageous characteristics for use in CBP.  (+info)

If you can imagine a future powered by sustainable food and fuels; if you can imagine a future where globalism means that appropriate technologies are employed where they work best to the globes greatest advantage; if you can imagine a future of cooperation and collaboration to work out humankinds tensions, then you see a future envisioned by Advanced Biofuels USA.. The future of the advanced biofuels industry is at a critical crossroads. In the US, the Renewable Fuel Standard has created a demand of 15 billion gallons/year of corn ethanol, an amount which covers about 10% of the US market and provides renewable octane by replacing carcinogenic MTBE. US and Brazilian sources have filled this demand. However, the US seems stuck on the 15 billion/year plateau providing no meaningful demand for advanced motor vehicle biofuels. Even the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) has little impact since it has not been used by the government to push for more investment in advanced biofuels. Once corn ethanol ...
If you can imagine a future powered by sustainable food and fuels; if you can imagine a future where globalism means that appropriate technologies are employed where they work best to the globes greatest advantage; if you can imagine a future of cooperation and collaboration to work out humankinds tensions, then you see a future envisioned by Advanced Biofuels USA.. The future of the advanced biofuels industry is at a critical crossroads. In the US, the Renewable Fuel Standard has created a demand of 15 billion gallons/year of corn ethanol, an amount which covers about 10% of the US market and provides renewable octane by replacing carcinogenic MTBE. US and Brazilian sources have filled this demand. However, the US seems stuck on the 15 billion/year plateau providing no meaningful demand for advanced motor vehicle biofuels. Even the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) has little impact since it has not been used by the government to push for more investment in advanced biofuels. Once corn ethanol ...
Current public focus on reduction of the use of fossil fuels and replacement of these fuels with cleaner-burning renewable fuels has played a key role in the growth of the fuel ethanol industry. Large demand for blending ethanol into gasoline began with its use as an oxygenated gasoline additive. Currently the US EPA has set the denatured ethanol-to-gasoline blend rate at 10 percent, but discussions are being held to increase this level to 15 percent or higher. Automotive companies are also producing flex-fuel vehicles; able to operate on ethanol-to-gasoline blends of up to 85 percent denatured ethanol, called E85.. With all this increased attention to fuel ethanol, producers and blenders have increased awareness of mandated fuel ethanol specifications, outlined in ASTM D4806 - Specification for Denatured Fuel Ethanol for Blending with Gasoline for Use as Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel.. Ethanol producers are required by law to render the fuel ethanol unfit for human consumption by adding ...
A new poll found that Iowans overwhelmingly oppose waivers given by EPA to oil refiners allowing them to ignore their obligations to blend renewable fuels like ethanol under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). The poll also found Iowa voters strongly support the RFS and use of renewable fuels. By a margin of nearly 2-to-1, Iowans said they oppose RFS waivers, and more than four out of five respondents expressed a favorable opinion of renewable fuels and support for the RFS.. Eighty-six percent of Iowa voters have a favorable opinion of renewable fuels, and eighty-one expressed support for the RFS, according to a poll conducted by Morning Consult, a Washington DC polling and news site.. Under the Trump administration, the number of waivers for oil companies has grown so dramatically that almost one-third of all oil refineries in the country have recently been exempted from the requirements of the RFS. As a result of these waivers and the effects of COVID 19, more than 130 renewable ethanol plants ...
Data & statistics on Biodiesel production in the United states: Biodiesel Production in the United States, 2000-2010, Historical biodiesel production figures. Biodiesel production in the USA and the EU. Data were obtained from the National Biodiesel Board (http://www.biodiesel.org) and the European Biodiesel Board (http://www.ebb-eu.org) and converted to liters., Total economic, employment, and wage impacts of biodiesel production on the U.S. economy...
Organization: U.S. Forest Service Research & Development. Technology: The biofuels industry presents great promise as an opportunity to supplement and improve the United States energy economy. Cellulose can be converted to sugars to produce biofuels. In addition, micro- and nanocellulose, also derived from plant biomass, are useful for applications from cellulose films to augmenting mechanical properties of other materials, and can be a valuable co-product for biofuels. However, the production of biofuels and nanocellulose has focused on maximizing only one of these valuable resources.. This invention discloses novel methods for the integrated production of sugars for biofuels and nanocellulose in a single process from lignocellulosic materials.. Potential Commercial Uses: The invention provides opportunities for cost-effective production of biofuels, opening access to the energy market, as well as the production of nanocellulose, which is becoming highly valuable as a structural ...
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Other findings: * Continued support of R&D and initial commercialization is critical because sustained technological progress and commercial validation is a prerequisite to affordably producing the large volumes of ethanol considered in this study.. * Policy incentives such as a federal cap and trade program, carbon taxes, excise tax credits and loan guarantees for cellulosic biofuels are important to mitigate the risk of oil market volatility.. * The domestic investment for biofuels production is projected to be virtually the same as the investment required to sustain long-term domestic petroleum production.. * Cellulosic biofuels could compete without incentives with oil priced at $90 per barrel, assuming a reduction in total costs as advanced biofuels technologies mature.. * Large-scale cellulosic biofuel production could be achieved at or below current water consumption levels of petroleum fuels from on-shore oil production and refining.. The industrial processes by which nonfood forms of ...
How does this summers drought-related backlash on corn ethanol affect the advanced biofuels industry? During todays OnPoint, Tom Buis, president and CEO of Growth Energy, the countrys largest ethanol trade association, explains why he believes the severe drought does not qualify as an environmental catastrophe for a fuel standard waiver. He also explains how his industrys challenges are affecting the future of advanced biofuels and talks about the role of biofuels in the presidential election.. ...
Due to volatility of oil prices, high demand of liquid transportation fuel round the globe, and new regulations on green house gas emissions, many industries and institutions are attempting to find novel and efficient ways to create synthesis gas and catalytically convert this material to liquid transportation fuels. It is an attempt to bring experts in the areas of Production of Synthesis Gas and Its conversion to Liquid Fuels via Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis (FTS) together in this session (within Advanced Fossil Energy Utilization) at AIChE and learn from one another. This unique session will be a blend of academic and industrial presentations and expects to attract top people in this field. The suggested topics include: reforming of methane, novel catalytic materials for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) and higher alcohol synthesis (HAS), novel characterization techniques, new reactor development, reactor modeling, and life cycle analysis.. ...
An item of interest to ethanol producers and other supporters of ethanol is this announcement by EPA, as further clarified by this announcement by EERE: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced on November 17 that the 2009 renewable fuel standard (RFS) will require most refiners, importers, and non-oxygenate blenders of gasoline to displace 10.21% of their gasoline with renewable fuels such as ethanol. That requirement aims to ensure that at least 11.1 billion gallons of fuels will be sold in 2009. . . . While the RFS requirement is increasing by about 23%-from 9 billion gallons in 2008 to 11.1 billion gallons in 2009-the percentage requirement is increasing by nearly one third, from 7.76% in 2008 to 10.21% in 2009. The larger relative increase in the percentage requirement reflects the fact that fuel consumption is expected to be lower in 2009, so a greater percentage of renewable fuel is needed to reach 11.1 billion gallons of renewable fuels. ....
An item of interest to ethanol producers and other supporters of ethanol is this announcement by EPA, as further clarified by this announcement by EERE: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced on November 17 that the 2009 renewable fuel standard (RFS) will require most refiners, importers, and non-oxygenate blenders of gasoline to displace 10.21% of their gasoline with renewable fuels such as ethanol. That requirement aims to ensure that at least 11.1 billion gallons of fuels will be sold in 2009. . . . While the RFS requirement is increasing by about 23%-from 9 billion gallons in 2008 to 11.1 billion gallons in 2009-the percentage requirement is increasing by nearly one third, from 7.76% in 2008 to 10.21% in 2009. The larger relative increase in the percentage requirement reflects the fact that fuel consumption is expected to be lower in 2009, so a greater percentage of renewable fuel is needed to reach 11.1 billion gallons of renewable fuels. ....
Seven biofuel organizations intervened yesterday in support of U.S. EPA in a petroleum industry-backed legal challenge to a requirement to blend more sustainable biofuels into gasoline, saying the agency should maintain the authority in setting targets.. The Advanced Biofuels Association, the Advanced Ethanol Council, the American Coalition for Ethanol, the Biotechnology Industry Organization, Growth Energy, the National Biodiesel Board, and the Renewable Fuels Association assert that EPA has based its requirements on projections made by the Energy Information Administration, as well as additional information from private companies.. Precedent makes clear that EPA can adopt standards calculated to spur development, consistent with Congresss express statutory objectives, states the intervenors brief.. The American Petroleum Institute (API) filed suit in July, claiming EPA is subjecting gasoline blenders to an unreasonably high requirement to mix 8.65 million gallons of cellulosic biofuels ...
Among various plant-derived biomass, starch and sugar crops are recognized as major feedstock for the first generation of biorefinery, whereas lignocellulosic biomass is regarded as the feedstock for the second generation. This chapter reviews primarily aspects of production, processing technology, and uses of industrial sugar and starch crops, as well as the future of these crops for biorefinery. The use of sugar crops (sugar cane, sugar beet, sweet sorghum) as the feedstock in biorefinery has a greater advantage in terms of crop reproduction and the conversion process over the starch crops. The major sources of starch crops for biorefinery include cereal grains (corn, wheat, and rice) and roots and tubers (potato and cassava). Either the use of sugar or starch crops individually can be achieved in biorefinery, but the integration of sugar- and starch-based biorefinery production can significantly improve the overall process economics and commercialization. ...
TY - BOOK. T1 - Process design, supply chain, economic and environmental analysis for chemical production in a glycerol biorefinery: Towards the sustainable design of biorefineries. AU - Loureiro da Costa Lira Gargalo, Carina. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Drivers such as our deep dependence on fossil fuels availability and price volatility, global concern about climate change and social distress, are steering the economy to be more sustainable and based on a greater use of renewable resources. Therefore, the concept of integrated biorefineries has attracted much attention by aspiring at replacing fossil sources. However, as has been recently witnessed through multiple failures and the shutdown of biorefinery plants all over the world, a biobased economy that heavily depends on the production of biofuels, leads to unsatisfactory results. Thus, it seems that an economy based on the innovative and cost-efficient use of bio-resources for the production of both chemicals and biofuels/bioenergy, is in ...
Several years ago, a war of words erupted between renewable fuel advocates and petroleum interests over the cost of E15 conversions, promoting a 2013 Petroleum Equipment Institute study that was widely hailed in renewable fuel circles.. At the time, the Renewable Fuels Association had this to say:. The cost of upgrading an existing retail gas station to sell E15 is substantially less than recently suggested by ethanol opponents, according to new information from the Petroleum Equipment Institute (PEI).. E15 has now been in the marketplace for over a year, and those stations offering E15 have seen increases in both overall fuel sales and in-store sales. Unfortunately, some of the retailers wanting to explore E15 have been discouraged from doing so by biofuel opponents who hope to block widespread use of the new fuel blend. Those detractors have stated that adding E15 will cost retailers $200,000 to $300,000. The ethanol industry has repeatedly stated that such estimates represent an absolute ...
Biogas production from organic materials can be used as a renewable vehicle fuel, provide heat and generate electricity and can thereby reduce the greenhouse gas emissions. This thesis focuses on the biogas production based on lignocelluloses. There is an abundant availability of lignocelluloses, constituting 50% of the total biomass worldwide. However, the biomass recalcitrance limits the microbial degradation as well as the biogas production from these types of materials. In the present work different pretreatment methods have been performed in order to decrease the biomass recalcitrance and improve the biogas production. Steam explosion pretreatment, together with the addition of sodium hydroxide and hydrogen peroxide, has been performed on lignocellulosic-rich paper tube residuals. The pretreatment has resulted in methane yields of up to 493 NmL/gVS, which is an increase by 107% compared with untreated material. Furthermore, the use of an organic solvent, N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO), ...
Biobased and Renewable Products Advocacy Group (BRAG®). Overview:. Biobased chemicals and biofuels are steadily taking root thanks to both popular appeal and political support. The consumer and political goals of reducing Americas dependence on foreign oil, enhancing national security, and greening the economy converge in biobased chemicals and advanced biofuels, the promising technology of producing commercial chemicals and fuels from renewable resources. With Congresss commitment to advanced biofuels found in the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act, compelling incentives to invest in and support growth of biotechnologies has spurred record production. Some estimate biobased chemicals share of the global chemical industry will grow from 2 percent to 22 percent by 2025.. Much of the growth in biofuels technology development has been driven by the fuel-blending requirements set in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). But the RFS, along with ...
Fatty acid-derived biofuels can be a better solution than bioethanol to replace petroleum fuel, since they have similar energy content and combustion properties as current transportation fuels. The environmentally friendly microbial fermentation process has been used to synthesize advanced biofuels from renewable feedstock. Due to their robustness as well as the high tolerance to fermentation inhibitors and phage contamination, yeast strains such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Yarrowia lipolytica have attracted tremendous attention in recent studies regarding the production of fatty acid-derived biofuels, including fatty acids, fatty acid ethyl esters, fatty alcohols, and fatty alkanes. However, the native yeast strains cannot produce fatty acids and fatty acid-derived biofuels in large quantities. To this end, we have summarized recent publications in this review on metabolic engineering of yeast strains to improve the production of fatty acid-derived biofuels, identified the bottlenecks that ...
1 World Production and Consumption 2 Fuel Ethanol Prices 3 International Trade 4 Blending Mandates WORLD Fuel Ethanol Production WORLD Feedstock Use for Fuel Ethanol Production WORLD Fuel Ethanol Consumption WORLD Fuel Ethanol Trade WORLD Ethanol Production WORLD Ethanol Exports WORLD Ethanol Imports ARGENTINA Fuel Ethanol Balance ARGENTINA Fuel Ethanol Reference Prices AUSTRALIA Ethanol Balance BRAZIL Ethanol Balance BRAZIL Fuel Ethanol Balance BRAZIL Fuel Ethanol Consumption by Type and Region BRAZIL Ethanol Production BRAZIL Total Ethanol Production by State BRAZIL Hydrous Ethanol Production by State BRAZIL Anhydrous Ethanol Production by State BRAZIL Hydrous and Anhydrous Ethanol Production BRAZIL São Paulo State Ex-Mill Ethanol Prices (BRL/litre) BRAZIL São Paulo State Ex-Mill Ethanol Prices (USD/litre) BRAZIL Ex-Mill Sugar As Against Hydrous Ethanol Price BRAZIL Hydrous Ethanol Retail Pump Prices BRAZIL Gasohol (Gasolina C) Retail Pump Prices BRAZIL Hydrous Ethanol/Gasohol Retail Pump ...
Biofuels are the most awaited products of scientific research. The fossil fuels are being exhausted, and pollution is increasing globally. Algal biofuels are one of the promising options. They are wonderful tiny factories that yield a variety of substances that have the property to act as sources of ecofriendly fuels. More attention has been focused on microalgae-derived biomass for generating diverse renewable energy sources. The distinct features that microalgae possess include high biomass yield, abundant oil content, no requirement for land and easy cultivation in wastewaters coupled with carbon dioxide mitigation. Microalgae are tiny reservoirs of a plethora of biofuels. The diverse algal biofuels range from biodiesel, straight vegetable oil (SVO), lipids, ethanol and hydrogen. Biofuels are the need of today, and researchers around the globe are exploring the options for biological fuel production.
Engineered strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have significantly improved the prospects of biorefinery by improving the bioconversion yields in lignocellulosic bioethanol production and expanding the product profiles to include advanced biofuels and chemicals. However, the lignocellulosic biorefinery concept has not been fully applied using engineered strains in which either xylose utilization or advanced biofuel/chemical production pathways have been upgraded separately. Specifically, high-performance xylose-fermenting strains have rarely been employed as advanced biofuel and chemical production platforms and require further engineering to expand their product profiles. In this study, we refactored a high-performance xylose-fermenting S. cerevisiae that could potentially serve as a platform strain for advanced biofuels and biochemical production. Through combinatorial CRISPR-Cas9-mediated rational and evolutionary engineering, we obtained a newly refactored isomerase-based xylose-fermenting strain,
Biomass is a crucial energy resource used for the generation of electricity and transportation fuels. Microalgae exhibit a high content of biocomponents which makes them a potential feedstock for the generation of ecofriendly biofuels. Biofuels derived from microalgae are suitable carbon-neutral replacements for petroleum. Fermentation is the major process for metabolic conversion of microalgal biocompounds into biofuels such as bioethanol and higher alcohols. In this review, we explored the use of all three major biocomponents of microalgal biomass including carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids for maximum biofuel generation. Application of several pretreatment methods for enhancement the bioavailability of substrates (simple sugar, amino acid, and fatty acid) was discussed. This review goes one step further to discuss how to direct these biocomponents for the generation of various biofuels (bioethanol, higher alcohol, and biodiesel) through fermentation and transesterification processes. Such an
This invention relates to a process for production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material. Lignocellulosic material treated with dicarboxylic acid, preferably with oxalic acid, separating hemicellulosic fraction to ferment pentose sugar. The lignin is dissolve in alkali, preferably with NaOH, separating cellulose fraction for further enzymatic treatment with one or more than one cellulytic enzymes capable of hydrolyzing cellulose. Enzyme hydrolyasate further subjected to fermentation in presence of ethanol producing yeast, preferably Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The fermented broth further subjected to distillation followed by dehydration to yield ethanol.
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Extensive native Jatropha curcas L. (Jatropha) crop areas have been planted in Central America marginal lands since 2008 as a non-edible prospective feedstock alternative to high-value, edible palm oil. Jatropha biodiesel is currently exclusively produced in the region at commercial scale utilizing alkaline catalysts. Recently, a free, soluble Thermomyces lanuginosus (TL) 1,3 specific lipase has shown promise as biocatalyst, reportedly yielding up to 96 % ASTM D6751 compliant biodiesel after 24 h transesterification of soybean, canola oils and other feedstocks. Biodiesel conversion rate and quality of enzymatically catalyzed transesterification of Jatropha oil was evaluated. Two lipases: free, soluble TL and immobilized Candida antarctica (CA) catalyzed methanolic transesterification of crude Jatropha and refined palm oil. Jatropha yields were similar to palm biodiesel with NaOH as catalyst. After 24 h transesterification, Jatropha (81 %) and palm oil (86 %) biodiesel yields with TL as catalyst were
2017 - Customized, Complete & Comprehensive Biodiesel Business Plan by Advanced Biofuel Center. CJPs Biodiesel Business Plans1. Alage Biodiesel Business Plan2. Calophyllum inophyllum L3. Camelina Biodiesel Business Plan4. CASTOR: Ricinus...
Biodiesel is typically derived from vegetable oil, but can also be derived from animal oils (lard and tallow). The most common feedstock for biodiesel production facilities in Missouri is soybean oil from the Missouri soybean crop. Biodiesel can also be derived from other vegetable sources such as rapeseed, corn, cottonseed and peanut; animal sources, such as tallow or lard; and waste cooking oils (yellow grease).. Biodiesel production plants in Missouri process raw soybean oil into a form suitable for use in diesel engines. Various extraction processes exist for converting raw soybean oil to biodiesel, but the most common commercial-scale facilities use 100 pounds of soybean oil and 10 pounds of methanol mixed with a catalyst. This results in 100 pounds of neat biodiesel and 10 pounds of glycerin. Glycerin is the primary byproduct or coproduct of biodiesel production and has value when further refined for other markets.. Raw or refined vegetable oil, or recycled greases that have not been ...
Advanced biofuels, also known as second generation, were supposed to provide the answer. They are produced from waste products such as animal manure and bio-waste or agricultural by-products that are not fit for human or animal consumption, such as grape stalks, nut shells, and corn cobs.. Since there is no food or feed application for these products, their use in biofuel production should not compete with food production, the thinking goes.. The case of molasses. But the latest version of the Commissions proposal included an agricultural product which does not fit this criterion: molasses, a thick and sticky liquid sourced from sugarcane or sugar beets during the sugar refining process.. Molasses are the primary ingredient in yeast, which is used to make bread, wine and beer. They are also used in confectionery (chocolate bars, candies and biscuits), and feed to animals. Indeed, the EU lists them as feed material alongside corn and soy.. Molasses are our primary ingredient; it is a fresh ...
Notes: Domestic crude oil production includes lease condensate and is estimated using a combination of short-term forecasts for the lower 48 states and the latest available production estimates from Alaska. Beginning with data for the week ending June 1, 2018, weekly crude oil production estimates are rounded to the nearest 100,000 b/d at the U.S. and lower 48 state levels. Finished motor gasoline production and product supplied includes a weekly adjustment applied only to the U.S. total to correct for the imbalance created by blending of fuel ethanol and motor gasoline blending components. From 1993 to June 4, 2010, this adjustment was estimated from the latest monthly data and allocated to formulation and PAD District production data. Reformulated and conventional gasoline production excludes adjustments for fuel ethanol and motor gasoline blending components. Historical data prior to June 4, 2010 includes the adjustment allocated by PAD District formulation. Propane/propylene includes ...
(BW) Weather Delays Red Trail Energys Coal-Fired Fuel Ethanol Plant Start-Up in North Dakota, an Industrial Info News Alert Investor-owned Red Train Energy, LLC has been waiting three and a half years to get to the point where it can start producing fuel ethanol, however, Mother Nature is going to force the company to wait a couple weeks longer.
Biodiesel production from microalgae is being widely developed at different scales as a potential source of renewable energy with both economic and environmental benefits. Although many microalgae species have been identified and isolated for lipid production, there is currently no consensus as to which species provide the highest productivity. Different species are expected to function best at different aquatic, geographical and climatic conditions. In addition, other value-added products are now being considered for commercial production which necessitates the selection of the most capable algae strains suitable for multiple-product algae biorefineries. Here we present and review practical issues of several simple and robust methods for microalgae isolation and selection for traits that maybe most relevant for commercial biodiesel production. A combination of conventional and modern techniques is likely to be the most efficient route from isolation to large-scale cultivation.
Bio-based Chemical Production from Arundo donax Feedstock Fermentation using Cosenzaea myxofaciens BPM1. Valeria Ventorino,a Alessandro Robertiello,a Sharon Viscardi,a Annamaria Ambrosanio,aVincenza Faraco,b and Olimpia Pepe a,*. Bio-based organic acids are an eco-friendly alternative to petroleum-derived products. In this work, the production of organic chemicals was investigated for the first time in the Cosenzaea myxofaciens species using hydrolysed lignocellulosic biomass from Arundo donax. The strain C. myxofaciens BPM1, isolated from bovine rumen, was able to produce a high amount of lactic acid, followed by acetic and succinic acids in synthetic substrate in microaerophilic and anaerobic conditions. When hydrolysed lignocellulosic biomass from Arundo donax supplemented with several nitrogen sources was used as substrate in separate hydrolysis and fermentation in anaerobic conditions, a significant increase in organic acids was recovered, reaching values up to 12.13 ± 0.17, 1.68 ± 0.1, ...
EPA Approves Grain Sorghum Pathway - The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced yesterday it has approved grain sorghum as an eligible feedstock under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). National Sorghum Producers (NSP) has worked closely with EPA for about three years in getting grain sorghum listed as an advanced biofuel feedstock, and the feat has finally been won. The RFS requires a certain amount of feedstocks to be used to produced advanced biofuels. With sorghums listing, it will now create a significant amount of domestically-grown sorghum that needs to be used to produce ethanol. This use, in turn, will add value and profitability to the producers crop. This gives an incentive to the ethanol plants to use sorghum when producing their biofuels. EPA found that, when plants use sorghum to create ethanol at facilities that use natural gas, they have a greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction of 32 percent, qualifying it as a conventional ethanol. NSP expects at least one existing ...
Biodiesel, which consists of long-chain fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) obtained from renewable lipids such as those in vegetable oils or animal fats can be used as both an alternative fuel and an additive for petroleum diesel. This book gathers research from across the globe in the study of biodiesel blends, properties and applications.. Topics discussed include biodiesel purification methods; exhaust emissions study of biodiesel operated garbage trucks; the heterogeneous catalyst for the transesterification of triglycerides into biodiesel; valorization of wastes and by-products derived from biodiesel manufacturing; and biodiesel production using cation-exchange resin as heterogeneous acid catalyst. (Imprint: Nova). ...
An apparatus for enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation of pretreated lignocellulosic material, in the form of a tower bioreactor, having mixers to achieve intermittent mixing of the material. Precise
The demand for cellulosic biofuels is on the rise because of the anticipation for sustainable energy and less greenhouse gas emissions in the future. However, production of cellulosic biofuels, especially cellulosic butanol, has been hampered by the lack of potent microbes that are capable of converting cellulosic biomass into biofuels. We report a wild-type Thermoanaerobacterium thermosaccharolyticum strain TG57, which is capable of using microcrystalline cellulose directly to produce butanol (1.93 g/liter) as the only final product (without any acetone or ethanol produced), comparable to that of engineered microbes thus far. Strain TG57 exhibits significant advances including unique genes responsible for a new butyrate synthesis pathway, no carbon catabolite repression, and the absence of genes responsible for acetone synthesis (which is observed as the main by-product in most Clostridium strains known today). Furthermore, the use of glucose analog 2-deoxyglucose posed a selection pressure to ...
Crude glycerol is a main by-product from biodiesel production, and efficient utilization of crude glycerol will bring significant economic and environmental benefits. However, the complex compositions of crude glycerol may impair the cellular growth and inhibit the crude glycerol consumption. Therefore, it is necessary to find a simple method to treat the crude glycerol and release the inhibition on cell metabolism. The simply purified crude glycerol by activated carbon can be used as the carbon source to produce succinate in two-stage fermentation by the engineered Escherichia coli strain, MLB (ldhA−, pflB−) expressing phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase. In the flask experiments, succinate production from crude glycerol without treatment was less than that from pure glycerol. However, in the experiments of 1.5-L bioreactor, little succinate was produced in crude glycerol. The simply purified crude glycerol was used as carbon source for succinate production, and the glycerol consumption and succinate
This edition of the Inside R&D TOE profiles innovations in acrylonitrile production from biomass, genome editing, and wearables. The TOE also focuses on advancements in hydrogen fuel production and building control systems. Inside R&D TechVision Opportunity Engine (TOE) covers global innovations that are in research and development in virtually all technology areas. We provide intelligence and insights on innovations spanning a wide variety of industry areas, including automation, electronics, sensors, information and communication technologies, manufacturing, health, wellness, medical devices, pharma, biotechnology, materials, coatings, renewable fuels, automotive, power systems, sustainable energy solutions and innovations that contribute to a cleaner and greener environment. Keywords: Acrylonitrile, genome editing, Parkinsons disease, hydrogen fuel, building control systems
Robert, a well educated and well respected Chem Eng., is again writing for the general public. Unfortunately, he, along with most of the authors of such articles, bundle biofuels together such that the reader after cruising through their words of wisdom still has little insight or understanding of the radical differences - pro or con - between the various biofuel sources. This actually makes his article totally moot.Lets break it down:Ethanol from any feedstock requires a 100% volume - high energy distillation process, is an incredibly caustic and toxic fuel, generates high volumes of undesirable emissions, the common feedstock (corn, switchgrass, …) offer little CO2 processing, the fuel demonstrates an extreme evaporation rate, has a relatively low BTU density, is not now, nor will likely become cost viable even against petroleum in the near future. Yet, corn for ethanol production now occupies 48 million acres of prime U.S. farmland. Ethanol as we know it today should simply be discarded ...
Crude glycerol represents ca. 10 % of the product output in biodiesel production. As the biodiesel production increases exponentially, the amount of resulting crude glycerol is extensively high. The problem of its disposal or effective utilization is of increasing importance. In this work, the composities of poly(vinyl alcohol), horn meal and crude glycerol with the mass ratios of crude glycerol and poly(vinyl alcohol) 0.75, 1.5 and 2.25 were prepared and used for the formation of mulching coatings. The influence of the addition of crude glycerol to the composites on the mechanical, viscoelastic properties, swelling and dimensional stability in water of the composite films was examined. The increase of the amount of glycerol resulted in the increase of elasticity and dimensional stability of the composite films. The effect of the mulch films containing the different amount crude glycerol on evaporation of water from the substrate, vegetation of plants, soil properties and weeds (wild mustard and ...
The BASF site in Antwerp has transformed itself over the last 40 years into the largest integrated chemical production site in Belgium and the second largest Verbund site of BASF Group.Photo: BASF - The Chemical Company, 2006
Ethyl ester biodiesel has been produced from a non-edible Jatropha curcas oil. Oil was extracted from the plant seed using n-hexane at 60°C and pretreated by alkaline refining process to reduce the free fatty acid level to less than 1%. Base-catalysed transesterification reaction with absolute ethanol using potassium hydroxide catalyst was adopted for the conversion. Various physicochemical properties of the refined Jatropha curcas oil were investigated. The ethyl ester biodiesel produced was characterised for its fuel properties such as specific gravity at 15°C, flash point, pour point, kinematic viscosity, cetane number, iodine value and higher heating value using American Society for Testing and Materials Standard Methods. The crude and refined Jatropha curcas oil yields were 58.16% and 52.5%. The physicochemical analysis revealed FFA, saponification value and peroxide value of refined Jatropha curcas oil to be 0.58 mg KOH/g, 159.9 and 1.92 m E/kg respectively. The fatty acid composition obtained
Biodiesel and hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) are currently viewed by the transportation sector as the most viable alternative fuels to replace petroleum-based fuels. The use of biodiesel has, however, been limited by the deteriorative effect of biodiesel on rubber parts in automobile fuel systems. This work therefore aimed at investigating the degradation of acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (NBR) and fluoroelastomers (FKM) on exposure to biodiesel and HVO at different temperatures and oxygen concentrations in an automated ageing equipment and a high-pressure autoclave. The oxidation of biodiesel at 80 °C was promoted by an increase in the oxygen partial pressure, resulting in the formation of larger amounts of hydroperoxides and acids in the fuel. The fatty acid methyl esters of the biodiesel oxidized less at 150 °C on autoclave aging, because the termination reactions between alkyl and alkylperoxyl radicals dominated over the initiation reactions. HVO consists of saturated hydrocarbons, and ...
Hydrogen is a clean source of energy with no harmful byproducts produced during its combustion. Bioconversion of different organic waste materials to hydrogen is a sustainable technology for hydrogen production and it has been investigated by several researchers. Crude glycerol generated during biodiesel manufacturing process can also be used as a feedstock for hydrogen production using microbial processes. The possibility of using crude glycerol as a feedstock for biohydrogen production has been reviewed in this article. A review of recent global biodiesel and crude glycerol production and their future market potential has also been carried out. Similarly, different technical constraints of crude glycerol bioconversion have been elaborately discussed and some strategies for improved hydrogen yield have also been proposed. It has been underlined that use of crude glycerol from biodiesel processing plants for hydrogen production has many advantages over the use of other organic wastes as ...
Lignin, a complex aromatic polymer in terrestrial plants, contributes significantly to biomass recalcitrance to microbial and/or enzymatic deconstruction. To reduce biomass recalcitrance, substantial endeavors have been exerted on pretreatment and lignin engineering in the past few decades. Lignin removal and/or alteration of lignin structure have been shown to result in reduced biomass recalcitrance with improved cell wall digestibility. While high lignin content is usually a barrier to a cost-efficient application of bioresource to biofuels, the direct correlation of lignin structure and its concomitant properties with biomass remains unclear due to the complexity of cell wall and lignin structure. Advancement in application of biorefinery to production of biofuels, chemicals, and biomaterials necessitates a fundamental understanding of the relationship of lignin structure and biomass recalcitrance. In this mini-review, we focus on recent investigations on the influence of lignin chemical properties
SUGAR LAND, TX -- (MARKET WIRE) -- May 21, 2007 -- Researched by Industrial Info Resources (Sugar Land, Texas). Pacific Ethanol Magic Valley LLC has started construction on a new fuel ethanol plant that will be located in Burley, Idaho. The plant will be situated on a 177-acre parcel of...
D7806-12 Standard Test Method for Determination of the Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) Content of a Blend of Biodiesel and Petroleum-Based Diesel Fuel Oil Using Mid-Infrared Spectroscopy biodiesel blends~ diesel fuel oil~ fatty acid methyl esters~
With the goal of engaging a broad array of global ethanol leaders about the benefits of expanding global ethanol use, the U.S. Grains Council (USGC), Growth Energy and the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) announce registration is open for the first-ever Global Ethanol Summit (GES), scheduled for Oct. 13-15, 2019, in Washington, D.C.. Interested domestic ethanol industry leaders and other members of the ethanol value chain can register for the event at www.grains.org/event/ges. More than 250 ministerial-level officials and senior-level industry leaders, ethanol producers and refiners from more than 40 countries have been invited to attend.. We are very excited to open this unique event to policy makers and ethanol users from across the globe, said Ryan LeGrand, USGC president and chief executive officer. The Global Ethanol Summit is a natural progression of our regional conferences and will continue to build on the momentum we have established to expand ethanols global use and trade over the ...
SAN DIEGO - For the second consecutive year, the Renewable Fuels Association is partnering with the U.S. Department of Commerces International Trade Administration to host an International Buyer Program (IBP) today at the National Ethanol Conference. The program is designed to introduce U.S. ethanol sellers to foreign buyers in an effort to expand U.S. exports.. Through the departments network of offices in U.S. embassies and consulates worldwide, the IBP recruits pre-screened foreign buyer delegations and brings them to selected trade shows and conferences in the United States, connecting U.S. companies with international buyers.. At this years IBP, 18 international companies are scheduled to attend from seven top ethanol export markets: China, South Korea, Peru, Mexico, Colombia, India and Brazil. Sellers from 18 U.S. ethanol producers and marketing companies are also scheduled to attend.. With U.S. ethanol exports topping more than 1 billion gallons last year, the IBP has become an ...
Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Renewable Fuels Plant and Oxygenate Plant Net Production of Other Hydrocarbons/Oxygenates (Thousand Barrels ...
Iowa Ag Secretary also highlighted support for long-term water quality funding in meeting with Gov. Reynolds. Monday, November 27, Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey requested an additional $150,000 for the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardships Animal Industry Bureau to provide additional support for preparations for and potentially responding to a foreign animal disease outbreak. Northey also requested continued funding to support the Renewable Fuels Infrastructure Program and the Agriculture Drainage Well Closure Program.. Northey requested an additional $150,000 for the Departments Animal Industry Bureau for foreign animal disease outbreak response preparation. The Department received $100,000 in funding starting this fiscal year to support preparations for a foreign animal disease outbreak and a portion of that funding was used to hire a new Emergency Management Veterinarian. The additional funds would be used to accelerate work on emergency response plans, organize ...
Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus Cabaret, Cabaret Japanese Silver Grass, Grass, [Miscanthus sinensis Cabaret], San Marcos Growers
We asked our leaders their thoughts on which next generation feedstocks they thought would be the most promising in 2012. The responses were fairly evenly split among municipal solid waste (MSW at 26%), Nonfood energy crops (such as camelina and jatropha at 24% and algae (at 20%). Cellulosic trailed slightly at about 17%.. The prominence of MSW suggesting that not only is waste ideal because it reduces landfill demand, methane gases and is a low cost feedstock, but also likely because of promising advances in technology and commercialisation from companies such as Enerkem and Fulcrum Bioenergy. Although waste gas did not perform well (8 %), we consider that to be in the same general category, and with companies like LanzaTech launching pilot plants later this year, this category could come into play.. Close on the heels of MSW are the non-energy feedstocks like jatropha and camelina - the latter which has received significant testing and use by the US military and commercial airlines. Many ...
Author: Rameshprabu Ramaraj, Rungthip Kawaree, Yuwalee Unpaprom. Category: [Download PDF]. Abstract:. Microalgae biodiesel are reported to be better than fossil fuels in terms of life-cycle energy performance. Green alga, Botryococcus braunii symbolizes one of the most favorable resources of biodiesel due to relatively high lipid content. The present study focused on the cultivation of Botryococcus braunii with the fed-batch in 4 L lab-scale continuously stirred tank reactors (CSTRs) through inexpensive red Nile tilapia effluent medium (RNTEM), biomass growth, protein, carbohydrate, lipid, hydrocarbon production and fatty acids profiles. Additionally, in this study we have evaluated the feasibility of biodiesel production directly from B. braunii biomass at laboratory scale achieved through direct transesterification process. B. braunii growth confirmed the highest biomass yield (8.57 g L?1) and 35.32% hydrocarbon content was observed. Further, 47.59% lipids, 16.39% proteins and 38.21% ...
In this paper, two kinds of different biodiesel were tested in terms of their impact on wear resistance of Si-DLC coated 100Cr6 flat worn by an oscillating 100Cr6 ball. The knowledge about the tribological behaviour of different types of biodiesel is rare. Rape and soybean are two of the most common natural sources for biodiesel production. Also, if the quality of biodiesel seems to be similar and, according to the demands, biodiesel from different natural origin could affect changes in the tribological behaviour. Although, soybean methyl ester (SME) gives the best results at room temperature wear tests, 150°C SME reaches wear rates of Si-DLC flat against 100Cr6 ball almost double as high as rapeseed methyl ester (RME). It is evident that, with increasing fraction of oxidation stabilizer C|sub|23|/sub|H|sub|32|/sub|O|sub|2|/sub|, the wear rate increases. For silicon doped hydrogenated diamond-like carbon is especially suitable, for use in biodiesels, where certain fraction of humidity, dissociated
Latin America is emerging as a key global producer of biofuels as nations across the region seek to use competitive advantages such as fertile land and tropical weather to tap into unprecedented energy prices. The region invested more than $8 billion in biodiesel and ethanol in 2007 and has already launched new projects that could increase global energy production as demand from emerging-market economies outstrips growth in oil and gas production. The efforts contrast sharply with the broad condemnation by leaders in the region, led by Venezuelas Hugo Chavez, that the fuels increase food prices and spur global hunger. Critics around the world have echoed such concerns, charging farmers may divert crops toward biofuels and away from food crops. A biofuels push could sustain energy flows from Latin America toward the United States, the worlds top energy consumer, as falling oil output in Venezuela and Mexico has left Washington seeking new supplies in other regions. Analysts say Latin Americas soil and
A number of green patent complaints have been filed in the last several weeks in the areas of biofuels, LEDs, gasoline recycling, and smart grid.. Biofuels. Butamax Advanced Biofuels v. Gevo, Inc.; Gevo, Inc. v. Butamax Advanced Biofuels. In the space of just one week, this mega-litigation grew 43% (by number of lawsuits filed) and 28.5% (by number of patents asserted), with Gevo filing another infringement complaint on July 30th, this time in the Eastern District of Texas, and Butamax adding a declaratory judgment (DJ) suit and a new infringement complaint in Delaware on July 31st and August 6th, respectively.. Gevos Complaint asserts U.S. Patent No. 8,232,089, entitled Cytosolic isobutanol pathway localization for the production of isobutanol and directed to a recombinant yeast microorganism for producing isobutanol in which the isobutanol producing metabolic pathway includes at least one isobutanol pathway enzyme - dihydroxy acid dehydratase - active in the cytosol of the microorganism ...
The study is seeking to design a fully integrated biohydrogen production process using fermentation and bioelectrolysis. To date, it has shown for the first time that hydrogen yield and volatile fatty acids (VFA) in a continuous biohydrogen fermenter can be increased by using in situ electrochemical hydrogen separation, CO2 removal and VFA separation via electrodialysis. Results of the project have been presented at the APEC Biohydrogen conference in Malaka, Malaysia Dec 2014 and at the 72nd IEA-HIA ExCo meeting, Netherlands 2015.. Part 1 ...
D6751 - 15ce1 Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels , alternative fuel, biodiesel fuel, diesel fuel oil, fuel oil, renewable resource,,
Citation: Saha, B.C., Cotta, M.A. 2014. Fuel ethanol production from alkaline peroxide pretreated corn stover [abstract]. American Society for Microbiology. Poster No. 2250. Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: Corn stover (CS) has the potential to serve as an abundant low-cost feedstock for production of fuel ethanol. Due to heterogeneous complexity and recalcitrance of lignocellulosic feedstocks, pretreatment is required to break the lignin seal and/or disrupt the structure of crystalline cellulose to increase the accessibility of cellulolytic enzymes. Alkaline peroxide pretreatment (AHP) is known to delignify agricultural residues, with concomitant increase in saccharification efficiency. Milled CS (10%, w/v) was slurried in water containing 2% (v/v) H2O2 and adjusted to pH 11.5 using 10 M NaOH and shaken in an incubator at 250 rpm at 35 oC for 24 h, unless otherwise specified. The enzymatic hydrolysis of the AHP pretreated CS was performed by shaking slowly (100 rpm) at 45 oC for 72 h ...
Ten years ago this month, President George W. Bush signed the Renewable Fuel Standard into law, implementing regulations that require companies to blend specific amounts of renewable fuels into gasoline. No state benefits more from the RFS than Iowa, and with the Iowa caucuses six months away, presidential candidates are already pandering, flip flopping, or avoiding the issue altogether as they attempt to woo voters.. While Iowa farmers who grow corn specifically for biofuels have greatly benefited from the RFS, ethanol and other biofuels are overwhelmingly hurting the planet and peoples pocketbooks. This crop of presidential candidates needs to keep that in mind as they continue to canvass the Hawkeye State.. Its easy to see why politicians pander to Iowans. The last two Republicans to win the Iowa caucus, Mike Huckabee and Rick Santorum, both supported the RFS. Candidates that have opposed the RFS-like Marco Rubio, Bobby Jindal, and Rand Paul-have avoided the issue in Iowa, skipping ...
Celulose, hemiceluloses e lignina são os três principais componentes da biomassa. Esses componentes foram detalhadamente estudados e explorados com o objetivo de se alcançar o modelo de biorrefinaria. Celulose e hemiceluloses foram extraídas da madeira de Eucalyptus urograndis enquanto a lignina foi extraída dessa mesma espécie e de outras três espécies de folhosas (Eucalyptus globulus, Eucalyptus nitens, Populus trichocarpa). Celulose nanofibrilada (NFC) foi modificada usando TEMPO e hidroxiapatita (HAp) e posteriormente usada para produzir aerocelulose através de secagem direta por liofilização. A morfologia dos aerogéis de celulose oxidados mostraram uma distribuição homogênea no tamanho dos pores. Tal distribuição foi mantida após adição de HAp. Aerogels de celulose modificada também apresentaram-se mais resistentes a pressão que os seus correspondentes não modificados. Xilanas foram usadas tanto como aditivos na polpa celulósica como para produção de materiais com ...
BlueFire Renewables, focused on changing the worlds transportation fuel paradigm through the production of renewable fuels from non-food cellulosic wastes, has announced an off-take agreement with Tenaska BioFuels for the purchase and sale of all ethanol produced at BlueFires planned cellulosic ethanol facility in Fulton, Mississippi.. This off-take agreement is a significant step forward for BlueFire. It provides immediate revenue once our plant is on-line. Also, it will move BlueFire closer to a debt financing agreement with the Department of Energy and U.S. Department of Agriculture, stated Arnold Klann, CEO of BlueFire Renewables, Inc. This is one of the first cellulosic ethanol contracts of its kind in the United States establishing BlueFire as a clear leader in the industry.. Pricing of the 15-year contract follows a market-based formula structured to capture the premium allowed for cellulosic ethanol compared to corn-based ethanol giving BlueFire a credit worthy contract to support ...
His work has produced, among other, natural rare molecules, antibiotics and biofuels. The scope of this work is to be able to ... Caspeta L, Chen Y, Ghiaci P, Feizi A, Buskov S, Hallström BM, Petranovic D, Nielsen J (2014). "Biofuels. Altered sterol ... Biotechnol Biofuels. 5: 7. doi:10.1186/1754-6834-5-7. PMC 3309958. PMID 22364438. Zhou, Yongjin J.; Buijs, Nicolaas A.; Zhu, ... "Harnessing Yeast Peroxisomes for Biosynthesis of Fatty-Acid-Derived Biofuels and Chemicals with Relieved Side-Pathway ...
"Biofuels". Retrieved December 6, 2012. Adler, Jonathan (Summer 2012). "How Not to Label Biotech Foods". The New Atlantis. " ... biofuels; and genetically modified foods. But it has expressed ambivalent or critical views about developments in synthetic ...
"Biofuels". www.projenbioenergy.co.uk. Retrieved 9 July 2015. "ABP makes investments in port pellet terminals to support Drax", ... In 2007/8, a £45 million 200,000 ton (227,000 cubic metres (8,000,000 cu ft)) pa biofuel plant was constructed at the Port of ... "Overview of UK Biofuel Producers" (PDF). Ecofys 2014 by order of: Department for Transport (DfT). Table 1, p.6; p.10. Retrieved ...
Somerville, Chris (2007-02-20). "Biofuels". Current Biology. 17 (4): 115-119. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.01.010. PMID 17307040. ...
The dirty truth about biofuels Deforestation diesel - the madness of biofuel Powers, Susan E; Dominguez-Faus, Rosa; Alvarez, ... Pedro JJ (March 2010). "The water footprint of biofuel production in the USA". Biofuels. 1 (2): 255-260. doi:10.4155/BFS.09.20 ... The use of cellulosic biomass to produce ethanol is considered second generation biofuel that are considered by some to be a ... Better Than Corn? Algae Set to Beat Out Other Biofuel Feedstocks (Worldwatch Institute). The End of Cheap Food. (Cover Story). ...
In the transport sector, biofuel consumption must triple by 2030, with two-thirds of that coming from advanced biofuels. That ... Based on the source of biomass, biofuels are classified broadly into two major categories: First-generation biofuels are made ... "An overview of biomass feedstocks for biofuel production". Biomass to Biofuel Supply Chain Design and Planning Under ... The word biofuel is usually reserved for liquid or gaseous fuels, used for transportation. The U.S. Energy Information ...
Biofuels • Agricultural Extension Services Q17 Agriculture in International Trade Q18 Agricultural Policy • Food Policy Q19 ...
Biofuels. 10 (5): 607-614. doi:10.1080/17597269.2017.1332297. ISSN 1759-7269. S2CID 98960194. Romagnoli, Érica Signori; Borsato ...
Biofuels are believed to represent around 30% of energy consumption in transport by 2060. Their role is particularly important ... Yue, Dajun; You, Fengqi; Snyder, Seth W. (July 2014). "Biomass-to-bioenergy and biofuel supply chain optimization: Overview, ... It can be produced from different kinds of cellulosic biomass and can be used for further processing of advanced biofuels such ... ABE fermentation is attracting renewed interest with an eye on butanol as a renewable biofuel. Sustainability is by far the ...
This may be a more efficient use of biomass than conventional biofuel because it uses most of the carbon and chemical energy ... The cost estimation of producing microalgae-biofuel is around $3.1 per litre ($11.57/US gal), which is considerably more ... Mathews, John A. (March 2008). "Carbon-negative biofuels; 6:The role of carbon credits". Energy Policy. 36 (3): 940-945. doi: ... These compounds can serve as raw materials for biofuels like bioethanol or biodiesel. Therefore, even though combusting ...
Researchers have begun studying the genetics of pennycress in order to improve its potential use as a biofuel crop. For example ... Its seeds have a high oil content and the species has gained interest as a potential feedstock for biofuel production. ... Biofuels. 4 (6): 605-615. doi:10.4155/bfs.13.50. S2CID 56004605. Cubins, Julija A.; Wells, M. Scott; Frels, Katherine; Ott, ... "Winter oilseed production for biofuel in the US Corn Belt: opportunities and limitations". GCB Bioenergy. 9 (3): 508-524. doi: ...
"90-tonne fatberg in Liverpool to be converted into biofuels , Biofuels International Magazine". biofuels-news.com. Retrieved 10 ... However, deep-processing gutter oil may not constitute an offence because it can be used to produce rubber, soap and bio-fuel. ... Gutter oil is an acceptable raw ingredient for products that are not for human consumption, such as soap, rubber, bio-fuel, and ... Gutter oil is acceptable as a raw ingredient for producing soap, rubber, bio-fuel, and cosmetics. However, the refiners can ...
In the transport sector, biofuel consumption must triple by 2030, with two-thirds of that coming from advanced biofuels. That ... Based on the source of biomass, biofuels are classified broadly into three major categories: First-generation biofuels are ... Proponents argue that there is huge potential for second generation biofuels. Third-generation biofuels refer to those derived ... The word biofuel is usually reserved for liquid or gaseous fuels, used for transportation. The U.S. Energy Information ...
... biofuels; genetic engineering and molecular biology; genomics and synthetic biology; nanotechnology; environment and ...
"INEOS Bio breaks ground on landmark advanced biofuels facility in Florida". Biofuels Digest. 10 February 2011. Retrieved 23 ... In February 2011 Ineos Bio broke ground on a landmark advanced biofuels facility in Florida. "INEOS Bio's biorefinery will have ...
Biotechnol Biofuels. 8 (66): 66. doi:10.1186/s13068-015-0248-5. PMC 4399147. PMID 25883682. Cheon, Seon Ah; Jung, Kwang-Woo; ...
Biofuels Digest. October 14, 2010. "100 people in bioenergy". Biofuels Digest. October 15, 2010. "Biofuel maker Gevo files for ... "The future of biofuels". The Economist. October 28, 2010. "16 biofuels, biochems companies make Global Cleantech 100 list". ... is a renewable chemicals and advanced biofuels company headquartered in unincorporated Douglas County, Colorado in the Denver- ... Ricketts, Camille (August 13, 2010). "Another biofuel IPO: Gevo files for $150M sale". VentureBeat. Ehde, Lori (August 10, 2010 ...
"Founders". C2 Biofuels. Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2010-01-19. "Lidar Research at EOSL". Georgia Tech ... Most recently, Robinson was an investor in and co-founder of the 2007 VentureLab startup, C2 Biofuels, which attracted ... Vogel, Abby (Summer 2007). "Companies and Georgia Research Alliance Support Biofuel Research at Georgia Tech". Research ...
Biofuels Digest. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2018. LEPITREB (5 March 2018). "Stora ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Australian government commits $20M to advanced biofuels R&D". Biofuels Digest. ... of constructing its first pre-commercial biofuel plant and James Cook University developing a macroalgae to biofuels project to ...
Biofuels Digest. Retrieved 15 November 2014. "Climate Change and Emissions Management Corporation (CCEMC) names winners for ... 1 ranking in Biofuels Digest's 40 Hottest Smaller Companies in the Advanced Bioeconomy. The company closed a $15 million series ... Biofuels Digest. Retrieved 15 November 2014. Company web site. ...
David Bransby (December 28, 2011). "Wayne Keith sets a new world wood gas speed record". Biofuels Digest. Archived from the ...
Biofuels Study. J. Stenberg; A. Lehrman; C. Björkman (2010). "Uncoupling direct and indirect plant defences: Novel ...
"Shell starts supplying sustainable fuel at Californian airport". Biofuels International. Retrieved 25 April 2019. Bates, Joe. " ...
Virgin Atlantic Aviation biofuel Sustainable aviation fuel Official website v t e v t e. ... "Portfolio: Biofuels". Virgin Green Fund. Retrieved 2010-04-07. "Portfolio: Solar". Virgin Green Fund. Retrieved 2010-04-07. " ...
Biofuels Digest (2010-09-14). Retrieved on 2011-04-06. "Algenol Biofuels exceeds 9,000 gallons of ethanol per year per" (PDF). ... Lane J (25 September 2012). "Take it to the Limit: Algenol and rising yields in advanced biofuels". Biofuels Digest. Choi H, ... Algenol Biofuels. 6 March 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 April 2014. ...
Biofuels Digest. Retrieved May 22, 2019. "REG Grays Harbor biodiesel production nets record year" (PDF). satsop.com. Around the ...
Biofuel Energy Corporation of Denver, CO, opened two new biofuel plants in Wood River, Nebraska, and Fairmont, Minnesota, in ... "Biofuels News". Chemical Engineering Progress. . FindArticles.com. 18 Oct. 2009. <[2][dead link]> Waste-to-Energy Research and ... "The Relevance of Biofuels." Current Science 90.6 (2006): 748. 18 Oct. 2009 . Tilman, David. "Environmental, economic, and ... The plant is scheduled to open in 2019 under the name of Sierra BioFuels plant. BioEnergy incorporated predicts that the plant ...
Lane, Isabel (18 April 2016). "Emily Skor to replace Tom Buis as CEO of Growth Energy". Biofuels Digest. United States. ...
In April 2010, Biofuels Digest named Congressman Aaron Schock as #8 in the top ten groups of individuals that "make it happen ... "The walk-walkers: 10 who make it happen for renewables, bioenergy in DC". Biofuels Digest. April 21, 2010. Archived from the ...
Lovecraft Biofuels was a Silverlake, California operation that claimed typical diesel engines could run on vegetable oil using ... With the success of converting diesel engines to using biofuels, home-made scam conversion kits of questionable quality were ... Henein, Maryam (February 2006). "Fill er Up for Free - Lovecraft Biofuels turns aging autos into eco-smart bargains". Whole ...
Kenyan biofuel dream proves elusive for Alberta firm[permanent dead link] Investors clamour to be heard[permanent dead link] " ... Bedford Biofuels was a green energy company headquartered in Edmonton, Alberta. The company intended to produce biodiesel from ...
"Biofuels - Second Generation Biofuels". biofuel.org.uk. Retrieved 2018-01-18.. *^ Ramirez, Jerome; Brown, Richard; Rainey, ... "Biofuels Digest. Retrieved 2012-03-08.. *^ SG Biofuels (8 March 2012). "Jmax Hybrid Seeds". SG Biofuels. Archived from the ... Sustainable biofuels[edit]. Main article: Sustainable biofuels. Many of the biofuels that were being supplied in 2008 (using ... First-generation biofuels[edit]. "First-generation" or conventional biofuels are biofuels made from food crops grown on arable ...
Preserving Algal Biofuels Strains. With the increasing importance algae will play in the future of biofuels and food ... Ethylene-forming enzyme and bioethylene production, Biotechnology for Biofuels (2014) View all NREL algal biofuels publications ... Engineering Biofuels Strains. We are evaluating the potential for small RNA-based engineering in algae and other lipogenic ... Algal Biofuels. NREL is developing technologies and helping prepare a new generation workforce to enable the commercialization ...
Using Wood As Biofuel May Be Worse For The Planet Than We Thought. New data suggests logging could release large amounts of ...
Of the many biofuels proposed for airlines, seven are best poised to scale, according to a panel of experts who convened this ... Should biofuels come into wide use, airlines are likely to have an array of sources to choose from, Skeer said, depending on ... Should biofuels come into wide use, airlines are likely to have an array of sources to choose from, Skeer said, depending on ... Biofuels made from waste avoid the controversies that have dogged energy crops-that they compete with food for land, raise food ...
... *. Home. The Biofuels and bioproducts laboratory (BBL) research group is a key member of ... The Biofuels and Bioproducts Laboratory is interested in all aspects of the bioconversion of lignocellulosic material to ... we can ensure that the biofuels and bioproducts produced are sustainable both environmentally and economically. ... biofuels and bioproducts. This includes a number of research areas:. 1. Thermochemical fractionation of biomass to polymers, ...
Biofuels. [Wim Soetaert; Erick J Vandamme] -- Biofuels covers the use and conversion technologies of biomass as a renewable ... resource to produce bioenergy in a sustainable way, mainly in the form of liquid and gaseous biofuels. It gives a broad ... ... Biofuels provides a broad overview of biofuel developments from both a technical angle and an economical angle. Trends on ... mainly in the form of liquid and gaseous biofuels. It gives a broad overview of biofuel developments from both a technical and ...
Dropping biofuel mandate would be a toxic blow for the industry. Last week a large group of EU-based biofuel producers and ... Biofuels lead efforts to protect the climate. With every passing year, the pathway to a stable climate gets narrower and more ... How biofuels enter the race against the coronavirus pandemic. For 2020, hand sanitisers and disinfectants are what new iPhones ... Advanced biofuels are key to decarbonising transportation. The recent agreements on the revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED ...
The hope is that the project will achieve a breakthrough in biofuel production and ultimately develop technology for the ... suggests that large-scale seaweed farms in the UK could become an important source for biofuels. Its local, sustainable and ... which aims to produce advanced biofuels from seaweed or macro-algae. ...
Biofuels: Bioethanol, Biodiesel, Biogas, Biohydrogen from Plants and Microalgae Mahdi Gharabaghi, Hossein Delavai Amrei, ... CO2 emission sequestration Genetically modified crops Plant algal biofuels Soil selenium Water chlorine fluoride ...
The development of sustainable and renewable biofuels is attracting growing interest. It is vital to develop robust microbial ... This Microbiology Monograph provides an overview of methods for studying microbial stress tolerance for biofuels applications ... The development of sustainable and renewable biofuels is attracting growing interest. It is vital to develop robust microbial ... Automated Systems of Plasmid-Based Functional Proteomics to Improve Microbes for Biofuel Production ...
Biofuel sustainability criteria blocked in EU Commission. A delegated act determining the sustainability criteria of biofuels ... Biofuels: Commission blacklists palm oil, throws soybeans lifeline. In an eagerly-awaited decision, the European Commission ... Biofuels and electromobility are key in Portugals transport decarbonisation. Portugal will use both electromobility and ... Flawed Commission advanced biofuel costings fail taxpayers and consumers. Key European Commission documents refer to ...
For years theres been buzz -- both positive and negative -- about generating ethanol fuel from corn. But thanks to recent developments, the Bay Area is rapidly becoming a world center for the next generation of green fuel alternatives. Meet the scientists investigating the newest methods for converting what we grow into what makes us go.
From Smelly Nail Polish Remover to Biofuels: White Dog Labs Looking to Expand. Biofuels Jim Lane - October 10, 2016. 0 ... BASF and Lallemand Biofuels & Distilled Spirits to collaborate. Biofuels Helena Kennedy - June 13, 2018. 0 ... Sweden and Finland sign LOI for biofuels, biomaterials. Biofuels Helena Kennedy - April 18, 2018. 0 ... In New York, Ohio-based Dunkin Donuts Coffee at Home introduced a biofuel-powered home in New York Citys Madison Square Park ...
Biofuels in Canada 2017: Tracking Biofuel Consumption, Feedstocks and Avoided Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Navius Research for ... Production Incentives for Biofuels. Data Sources:. - Canada: ecoEnergy for Biofuels. - AB: Bioenergy Producer Credit Program. ... AB: Carbon levy does not apply to biofuels. - ON and QC: No mention was found of biofuel exemptions under cap-and-trade systems ... Biofuels, 7:2, 117-130. - Laan, T., Litman, T. A., & Steenblik, R. (2011). Biofuels - At What Cost: Government Support for ...
Research and … - Selection from Handbook of Biofuels Production, 2nd Edition [Book] ... and thermochemical biofuels production routes that are fast being developed to address the global increase in energy usage. ... Handbook of Biofuels Production, Second Edition, discusses advanced chemical, biochemical, ... 4. Biofuels: Technology, economics, and policy issues * 4.1. Introduction * 4.2. Moving from fossil fuel to biofuels: insights ...
Biofuels. Mandated Biofuels = More Greenhouse Gases. Politicians adopt a policy that does the opposite of what they supposedly ... Focusing on the biofuels that aim to substitute for gasoline by 2022, the researchers find that the cellulosic biofuels should ... The advanced biofuels used to replace diesel are supposed to emit 50 percent less, and cellulosic biofuels 60 percent less, ... The RFS has different tiers of biofuels. Conventional biofuels, such as corn ethanol, are supposed to emit 20 percent less ...
Taking a bite out of biofuels. White Castle and other chains say that corn-based biofuels are driving up food prices.. ... Food fight: White Castle vs biofuels. Chain restaurants, cattle industry, U.S. congressmen have had enough of corn-based fuels ... U.S. chain restaurants and a group of congressmen are launching an assault against biofuels on the grounds that fuel produced ...
NRELs Advanced Biofuels Research (Text Version). The video NRELs Advanced Biofuels Research describes how NREL researchers ... Algae can be cultivated indoors, but to scale it up for biofuels, the work needs to move outside, where strains are heavily ... And NREL continues to perfect these technologies with its partners, making the next generation of biofuels more cost-effective ... NRELs third major platform for producing biofuels is algae. This technology uses very different tools, combining agriculture ...
... warned the European Union about the link between the accelerating demand for biofuels and rising food prices. ... The shift to biofuels production has diverted lands out of the food chain, World Food Programme executive director Josette ... The 27-nation EU aims to ramp up its use of biofuels in coming years after the blocs leaders set tough renewable energy ... The UN agency in charge of alleviating world hunger warned the European Union on Thursday that the fast-growing use of biofuels ...
... environmental and social issues that will impact a biofuels project along with the technical programs that could enhance a ... working on biofuels projects and technology and research managers responsible for developing and implementing biofuels projects ... The webinar will cover leading candidates for both solid and liquid biofuels. The criteria for evaluating these fuels in a ... Attendees will learn about the critical economic, environmental and social issues that will impact a biofuels project along ...
There are about 55 test methods determining physical properties of biofuels. These are discussed with reference to their test ...
... the worlds largest producer of biofuels. Latin America is the logical place to produce biofuels, said Brian Dean of the ... For more information on biofuels in Latin America, see FACTBOX-Biofuels industry grows in Latin America [ID:nN21456087] ( ... A biofuels push could sustain energy flows from Latin America toward the United States, the worlds top energy consumer, as ... Latin Americas biofuels production could eventually rival that of Asia, where China, India, and Indonesia are already among ...
President Barack Obama wants to work with Brazil on biofuels and pledged to advance global trade talks as a way to stoke ... Obama said the United States has much to gain by cooperating with Brazil on biofuels, according to Baumbach. The new U.S. ... BRASILIA (Reuters) - President Barack Obama wants to work with Brazil on biofuels and pledged to advance global trade talks as ... president has made the increased use of alternative energy sources, including biofuels, a key goal of his administration. ...
The Biofuels Digest newsletter. The most widely-read biofuels daily - 14,000+ organizations subscribe - why not you too?. Your ... The biofuel is CO2 neutral and can be used in ships. In addition, the residual product is an effective fertiliser and will also ... Norden embarks on second biofuel trial. June 12, 2019 , Meghan Sapp In Denmark, World Maritime News reports that Norden ... DFDS investing up to $1.5 million in MASH Energy producing biofuel from nut waste. April 25, 2019 , Meghan Sapp ...
The Biofuels Digest newsletter. The most widely-read biofuels daily - 14,000+ organizations subscribe - why not you too?. Your ...
... well learn about biofuels, the complex task of balancing the many ethical issues they raise, and the role of synthetic ... ... Biofuels. This week, well learn about biofuels, the complex task of balancing the many ethical issues they raise, and the role ... Third generation biofuels are advanced biofuels that,. rather than being derived from land crops, are derived from marine ... Biofuels. To view this video please enable JavaScript, and consider upgrading to a web browser that supports HTML5 video ...
The use of biofuels within the country is a consequence of the aim to diversify the energy mix, with criteria such as: ... Biofuels are fuels produced from biomass, i.e. organic matter that comes from a biological process, which is usable as an ... Second generation biofuels are derived from raw materials that have no food use, through the aforementioned processes and ... Colombia entered the biofuel sector during the previous decade, defining the regulatory framework for the production and ...
Lula said he was shocked that biofuel critics failed to mention the impact that high oil prices had on food production costs ... Brazil has repeatedly argued that it has plenty of unused land to plant crops for biofuels and that current production was ... The European Unions environment chief said on Tuesday that biofuels, which Brazil hopes to export to the EU, now must meet ... Ziegler this week called biofuels a crime against humanity, though he referred mainly to U.S. ethanol derived from corn. The ...
  • Biofuels can be derived directly from plants (i.e. energy crops ), or indirectly from agricultural, commercial, domestic, and/or industrial wastes. (wikipedia.org)
  • First-generation" or conventional biofuels are biofuels made from food crops grown on arable land. (wikipedia.org)
  • With this biofuel production generation, food crops are thus explicitly grown for fuel production , and not anything else. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whereas first generation biofuels are made from the sugars and vegetable oils found in arable crops, second generation biofuels are made from lignocellulosic biomass or woody crops, agricultural residues or waste plant material (from food crops that have already fulfilled their food purpose). (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuels made from waste avoid the controversies that have dogged energy crops-that they compete with food for land, raise food prices, encourage deforestation, said Jennifer Holmgren, the CEO of LanzaTech, an Illinois company that uses microbes to produce liquid fuels from waste gases and residues. (forbes.com)
  • Chapters also focus on biofuels, greenhouse gases and genetically modified crops. (springer.com)
  • To grow biofuel crops as well as Europe's food, millions of hectares somewhere in the world would have to be cleared. (newscientist.com)
  • U.S. chain restaurants and a group of congressmen are launching an assault against biofuels on the grounds that fuel produced from crops like corn are pushing up food prices. (zdnet.com)
  • Critics around the world have echoed such concerns, charging farmers may divert crops toward biofuels and away from food crops. (reuters.com)
  • biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel from food crops. (coursera.org)
  • Brazil has repeatedly argued that it has plenty of unused land to plant crops for biofuels and that current production was still too small to affect food prices. (reuters.com)
  • Ethanol is other major biofuel, which is made from maize, sugar cane or other crops. (ipsnews.net)
  • As prices for biofuels climb, more land is cleared to grow the crops. (ipsnews.net)
  • Current biofuels are produced from sugar and starch crops such as wheat and sugar cane, which are also part of the food chain. (rsc.org)
  • For organic chemists, there are significant opportunities associated with further developing energy crops and producing advanced biofuels from new sources such as algae, industrial or post-consumer waste. (rsc.org)
  • More advanced and efficient conversion technologies now allow the extraction of biofuels - in solid, liquid and gaseous forms - from materials such as wood, crops and waste material. (greenfacts.org)
  • The Department of Energy will provide grants under the ARPA-E program to research the use of algae to make biofuel instead of land based crops like corn. (gas2.org)
  • Researchers at the University of Leeds and the World Land Trust have warned that growing biofuel crops to make eco-friendly car fuel could actually be harmful to the environment. (innovations-report.com)
  • Large areas of land in the developing world are being converted to grow crops such as sugar cane and palm oil as part of the global rush to make biofuels which are widely thought to produce less carbon dioxide than conventional transport fuels. (innovations-report.com)
  • But scientists at the University of Leeds and the World Land Trust have found that up to nine times as much carbon dioxide will be emitted using biofuels compared to conventional petrol and diesel because biofuel crops are typically grown on land which is burnt and reclaimed from tropical forests. (innovations-report.com)
  • European Union member states have pledged to replace 10% of transport fuel with biofuel from crops by 2020 in an effort to reduce reliance on imported oil and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. (innovations-report.com)
  • Meeting the EU target would require an area larger than one third of all the agricultural land in Europe to be used for growing biofuel crops. (innovations-report.com)
  • But this target would require that 40 percent of Europe's agricultural land to be used to grow biofuel crops. (wired.com)
  • The book concludes that the long-term potential of biofuels is in the use of non-food feedstock, including agricultural and forestry wastes, as well as fast-growing, cellulose-rich energy crops such as perennial grasses and trees. (worldwatch.org)
  • Following the model of Brazil's sugar cane-based biofuels industry, cellulosic ethanol could dramatically reduce the carbon dioxide and nitrogen pollution that results from today's biofuel crops. (worldwatch.org)
  • Hemp and algae are high on the agenda for the next biofuel crops of the USA, but to what degree with these biofuels solve the current environmental problems we face? (atebits.com)
  • There are a number of different crops that have been recommended as viable crops for biofuel production. (atebits.com)
  • However, the major disadvantage of first‐generation biofuels is that they introduce competition for land on which human food crops are grown. (els.net)
  • Second generation biofuels focus on the processing of agricultural, industrial, and municipal solid waste so that no further crops need to be grown and harvested. (envirolink.org)
  • Biodiesel is produced from oils or fats using transesterification and is the most common biofuel in Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Colombia entered the biofuel sector during the previous decade, defining the regulatory framework for the production and commercialization of ethanol and biodiesel within in the country, in 2001 and 2004 respectively, and starting mixtures thereof with fossil fuels in 2005 and 2008, respectively. (ecopetrol.com.co)
  • One of the policies that may result from the biofuels strategy is that" by 2013 biofuels would constitute 4.5 percent of motor fuel sold, because this fuel would contain either an 8 percent ethanol blend or a 2 percent biodiesel blend. (treehugger.com)
  • Biodiesel is likely to be the second most important biofuel after ethanol in the short to medium term. (rsc.org)
  • How Biodiesel Works) Biofuel The History of Biofuels: Present/Future In 2007, the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) required that by 2015, 15 billion gallons of ethanol must be added into the fuel supply and 36 billion gallons by 2022. (prezi.com)
  • Global Biofuels) Europe is not only consuming but is also producing these Biofuels, In 2010, The European Biodiesel Board estimated that Europe Biodiesel production was at about 9.6 million metric tons. (prezi.com)
  • Secondary biofuels in the form of solids (e.g. charcoal), liquids (e.g. ethanol , biodiesel and bio-oil), or gases (e.g. biogas, synthesis gas and hydrogen) can be used for a wider range of applications, including transport and high-temperature industrial processes. (greenfacts.org)
  • Each RIN is a serial number for a batch of biofuel, such as biodiesel or ethanol. (businessinsider.com)
  • THE biofuel bandwagon rolled into Africa this week, as Brazilian president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva arrived to promote ethanol and biodiesel production. (newscientist.com)
  • Biodiesel, I predict, will one day soon be in such high demand, others will look to the programs that Blue Ridge Biofuels has implemented. (hubpages.com)
  • Basically, Blue Ridge Biofuels (BRB) collects used cooking oil from multiple sources and converts it to biodiesel. (hubpages.com)
  • Interestingly, the biodiesel that Blue Ridge Biofuels produces will work in any motor that uses petroleum-based diesel - no modifications necessary. (hubpages.com)
  • Research partner Mark White, a professor at the McIntire School of Commerce, will help the team quantify the big-picture environmental and economic benefits of algae biofuel compared to soy-based biodiesel, under different sets of assumptions. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • Biofuel and biodiesel have become common terms during the past 15 years. (perkins.com)
  • For anyone not familiar with biofuels and biodiesel, we have put together a short guide as well as explaining which types of biodiesel you can use in our engines. (perkins.com)
  • Biodiesel is a biofuel that can be blended with normal diesel. (smore.com)
  • SAN RAMON, Calif., May 31, 2006 -- Chevron Corporation (NYSE: CVX) said it has formed a biofuels business unit to advance technology and pursue commercial opportunities related to the production and distribution of ethanol and biodiesel in the United States. (chevron.com)
  • Biodiesel is one type of biofuel that is made from vegetable oils, animal fats, and recycled grease and can be used as fuel for vehicles or as an additive to reduce the levels of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons from diesel-powered vehicles. (carbonfund.org)
  • However, the EPA's proposed cuts to volume requirements for biodiesel and other advanced biofuels would severely curtail the growth of the industry, limiting our country - and the military's - ability to diversify fuel sources and hitting smaller producers and biorefiners especially hard. (rollcall.com)
  • companies like Australia's Mission Biofuels and Singapore's Van Der Horst Biodiesel are hoping to cash in on its promise. (cnbc.com)
  • German oil refineries will be required to have 2 % biofuel in gasoline until 2009, and 4.4 percent biodiesel in conventional diesel . (autoblog.com)
  • Currently, the most widely produced biofuels are ethanol and biodiesel. (nnfcc.co.uk)
  • Environmental, economic, and energetic costs and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Biofuels are fuels derived from crop plants, and include biomass directly burnt, and especially biodiesel from plant seed-oil, and bioethanol from fermenting grain, sap, grass, straw or wood [1] ( Biofuels for Oil Addicts , SiS 30). (i-sis.org.uk)
  • Biofuels Corporation plc, the first 250 000 Mt biodiesel processing plant in the UK was opened by Tony Blair at the end of June 2006 [3], and it will be using imported castor oil and palm oil as well as home grown rapeseed oil to make biodiesel. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • The diverse algal biofuels range from biodiesel, straight vegetable oil (SVO), lipids, ethanol and hydrogen. (intechopen.com)
  • The "RenovaBio" law, signed into effect in January, aims to stimulate the production of biofuels such as ethanol, biodiesel and biogas, and provides fiscal incentives and targets for the reduction of emissions. (slideshare.net)
  • With the increasing importance algae will play in the future of biofuels and food agriculture, long-term preservation of the genetic diversity and original state of the organism is critical. (nrel.gov)
  • We are evaluating the potential for small RNA-based engineering in algae and other lipogenic microorganisms by conducting whole cell small RNA surveys to identify the regulating RNAs that affect the genes and pathways for biofuels production. (nrel.gov)
  • As a member of the Algae Testbed Public-Private Partnership led by Arizona State University, we are focusing on establishing a sustainable network of regional testbeds to gather and share information within the algal research and development community, facilitate innovation, and accelerate growth of the algal biofuels and bioproducts industry. (nrel.gov)
  • We are working on a multi-institutional team, led by Johns Hopkins University, to construct symbiotic relationships between microbial phototrophs (cyanobacteria or algae) and heterotrophs (bacteria or yeast), enabling development of a coupled system for light-driven CO2 fixation and high-efficiency synthesis of oils suitable for use as biofuels. (nrel.gov)
  • The Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS) is currently working on a Horizon 2020 project - MacroFuels, which aims to produce advanced biofuels from seaweed or macro-algae. (theecologist.org)
  • NREL's third major platform for producing biofuels is algae. (nrel.gov)
  • In partnership with ExxonMobil, NREL is working to better understand and improve the processes involved in using algae as a platform technology for making carbon-negative biofuels. (nrel.gov)
  • Algae can be cultivated indoors, but to scale it up for biofuels, the work needs to move outside, where strains are heavily impacted by varying sunlight, carbon dioxide, and nutrients in the water. (nrel.gov)
  • The future of Biofuels is expected to come from cellulosic ethanol, which might include algae or other organisms. (prezi.com)
  • The EISA also called for 21 billion gallons of advanced biofuels, produced from sources like switchgrass, corn stover and algae, to be used in the nation's fuel supply by 2022. (innovations-report.com)
  • This excellent talk presented the case for seaweed to biofuel and outlined the deployment of the first commercial macro algae production pilot facility in the UK. (sintef.no)
  • Washington State University graduate student Sandra Rincon helped develop a faster, more efficient technique for growing algae that can be used for biofuels. (eurekalert.org)
  • PULLMAN, Wash. - Washington State University researchers have developed a way to grow algae more efficiently -- in days instead of weeks -- and make the algae more viable for several industries, including biofuels. (eurekalert.org)
  • Taking something that otherwise would go up into the atmosphere and further lead to excess CO2 in the air, and then taking that and using it to feed algae (which in turn is used to produce this biofuel) is absolutely amazing. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • Algae biofuels are a big revolution since it can be easily produced under any extreme conditions. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • The biofuels industry has faced a lot of challenges with growing algae and converting it to biofuel. (atebits.com)
  • Biofuels have the potential to make air transport more climate-friendly and reduce dependency on fossil raw materials, since they are produced using renewable raw materials, such as oil plants, grain, algae and wood. (dlr.de)
  • Algae have been explored for their unique potential to yield a variety of biofuels concomitantly with generation of value-added products and phycoremediation of wastewater ( Figure 1 ). (intechopen.com)
  • Advanced biofuels from algae are an alternative biofuel technology currently in the early stages of development. (els.net)
  • The discovery of this metabolic mechanism is not only an important biological finding, it could also be used to increase the production of biofuel by improving methods of algae cultivation. (eurekalert.org)
  • Codon Devices, the Cambridge, MA-based company working on commercial uses of synthetic biology, said today it has formed a multi-year partnership with Naples, FL-based Algenol Biofuels to work on alternative fuel made from algae. (xconomy.com)
  • The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) produces an annual biofuels report for many countries, since biofuels are often produced from agriculture-based feedstocks. (sfu.ca)
  • Key changes for this second edition include increased coverage of emerging feedstocks, including microalgae, more emphasis on by-product valorization for biofuels' production, additional chapters on emerging biofuel production methods, and discussion of the emissions associated with biofuel use in engines. (oreilly.com)
  • A news piece from Business Report says they are investigating the viability of maize, sugar cane, sugar beet, sorghum and wheat as possible biofuel feedstocks. (treehugger.com)
  • In spite of their limited overall volume (see Figure 5 ), the strongest growth in recent years has been in liquid biofuels for transport, mostly produced using agricultural and food commodities as feedstocks . (greenfacts.org)
  • DuPont Biofuels vice president and general manager John Ranieri spoke at the World Biofuels Markets in Brussels last week, and said that DuPont's drive to bring "high-performance and environmentally sustainable" biofuels made from farm-grown feedstocks to the European market is still on track. (autoblog.com)
  • BRUSSELS, Belgium, March 9 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Speaking as one of the keynote speakers at the World Biofuels Markets here today, DuPont Biofuels Vice President & General Manager John Ranieri provided an update on the company's initiatives to deliver technologies that use non-food agricultural feedstocks to produce biofuels as well as its efforts with partner BP to introduce biobutanol and advanced biofuels into the European market. (autoblog.com)
  • Technology to Produce Cellulosic Biofuels: DuPont and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) are jointly funding a research program to develop technology to convert non-food agricultural feedstocks into ethanol. (autoblog.com)
  • In addition, the resource availability for the production of biofuels feedstocks and the question of a sustainable biofuels production are major issues impacting decision making. (repec.org)
  • By using a multi-objective optimization model and fuzzy logic, the paper presents an approach of modeling sustainable biofuels production from conventional and advanced biofuels feedstocks, under the condition of limited resources and uncertainty resulting from incomplete information or missing knowledge about resource availability for biofuels production. (repec.org)
  • The industry will grow to 60.4 billion gallons a year between 2013 and 2017, representing a 3.2 percent annual growth rate, but this is a far slower rate of growth than the 19.6 percent achieved annually from 2005 to 2013, according to Emerging Feedstocks and Fuels Spark Biofuel Capacity Expansion through 2017 . (environmentalleader.com)
  • Research is focussed on the design of more sustainable processes and feedstocks resulting in biofuels which further reduce GHGs and minimise land-use change impacts. (nnfcc.co.uk)
  • As a result, the variety and quantity of feedstocks suitable for biofuels production will be improved. (nnfcc.co.uk)
  • Summary of first‐, second‐ and third‐generation biofuels and the feedstocks from which they are made. (els.net)
  • A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion , rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels , such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2010, worldwide biofuel production reached 105 billion liters (28 billion gallons US), up 17% from 2009, [3] and biofuels provided 2.7% of the world's fuels for road transport. (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] The International Energy Agency has a goal for biofuels to meet more than a quarter of world demand for transportation fuels by 2050 to reduce dependence on petroleum and coal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Second generation biofuels are fuels manufactured from various types of biomass . (wikipedia.org)
  • The hope is that the project will achieve a breakthrough in biofuel production and ultimately develop technology for the production of fuels which can go on to be used within the heavy transport and aviation sector. (theecologist.org)
  • America produced about 13.2 billion gallons of fuel ethanol last year, making this the most common biofuel- fuel metabolically derived from living organisms as opposed to fossil fuels produced over hundreds of millions of years from long-dead organisms- in this country. (asbmb.org)
  • Both support the federal Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS), which mandates the production of billions of gallons of biofuels. (reason.com)
  • They committed to increase the EU's renewable energy use by 20 percent by 2020, compared to 1990 levels, with biofuels to make up 10 percent of all transport fuels used by then. (france24.com)
  • Biofuels are fuels produced from biomass, i.e. organic matter that comes from a biological process, which is usable as an energy source. (ecopetrol.com.co)
  • Scientists from the European Environment Agency urged the 27-nation bloc to drop its 10 percent biofuel target for road-transport fuels. (reuters.com)
  • Current biofuels, such as ethanol, have a lower energy content (volumetric energy density) compared with conventional hydrocarbon fuels, petroleum and natural gas. (rsc.org)
  • This process produces a so called 'drop-in biofuel', i.e. a fuel that can be blended directly with existing hydrocarbon fuels that have similar combustion properties. (rsc.org)
  • Only a decade ago, biofuel production from plants was hailed as an ecological alternative to fossil fuels. (europa.eu)
  • In the Netherlands, GoodShipping bunkered the first batch of biofuels into a container vessel that otherwise would have entirely run on fossil fuels. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • In recent years, increased regulation of emissions from fossil fuels and rapidly rising crude oil prices have led to increased interest in using biofuels as an energy source. (sgs.com)
  • It remains to be seen, but lowering the cost of biofuels without encroaching on agricultural needs is essential if bio-based renewable fuels are to be a success. (zdnet.com)
  • KiOR's breakthrough is one part of a wide-ranging effort by a number of companies and government-supported researchers to develop and perfect 'drop-in' biofuels-fuels so similar to their petroleum-based counterparts that they could be pumped through the same pipelines and used to power the engines of cars and trucks without any modifications. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The mystery train was an outgrowth of the EPA's Renewable Fuel Standard mandate that requires oil companies to blend (subsidized) biofuels with (subsidized) fossil fuels-or alternatively, purchase Renewable Identification Numbers, or RINs, as offsets. (businessinsider.com)
  • Measured in energy units like kilocalories, world demand for liquid fuels (gasoline, jet fuel, diesel and now biofuels) is currently more than six times the global demand for food. (motherjones.com)
  • One reason for the use of biofuels is to reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with liquid transportation fuels. (sciencemag.org)
  • Although biofuels comprise less than 1 percent of the global liquid fuel supply, the surge in production of biofuels in 2006 met 17 percent of the increase in supply of all liquid fuels worldwide last year. (worldwatch.org)
  • It's kind of funny because biofuels were used before fossil fuels were ever even discovered. (atebits.com)
  • DLR), together with Lufthansa Technik and the Bundeswehr Research Institute for Materials, Fuels and Lubricants , investigated the chemical and physical properties of particularly promising biofuels. (dlr.de)
  • Using this engine, the scientists examined and compared three different fuels: pure biofuel, a blend consisting of 50 percent biofuel and 50 percent conventional fuel, as well as conventional kerosene as a reference. (dlr.de)
  • Germany is introducing compulsory quotas of biofuels to be mixed with fossil fuels from the start of 2007. (autoblog.com)
  • Biofuels are liquid or gaseous fuels derived from biomass. (nnfcc.co.uk)
  • Demand for biofuels has been growing as the world is running short of fossil fuels. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • Minimising renewable plant biomass feedstock cost, improving biomass feedstock yields, establishing efficient, coordinated processes for carbon neutral commercial production and changing policy in favour of developing existing and future biofuel technologies are some of the challenges that must be overcome before biofuels can become competitive with fossil fuels. (els.net)
  • To make the transition from fossil fuels to biofuels a sound move both economically and environmentally, we need to keep in check the emissions made in its production. (slideshare.net)
  • Although the direct emissions caused by the use of biofuels are up to 90 per cent lower than those of gasoline or diesel fuels, the indirect emissions associated with production and land clearing for sugarcane cropping vary greatly and can be significant. (slideshare.net)
  • Our over-dependance on an increasingly dwindling supply of fossil fuels has prompted a huge amount of research into alternative energy sources, with biofuels being one such means of energy. (envirolink.org)
  • Technically, biofuels are fuels created from living matter or the waste they produce, including wood and straw, pellets or liquids made from wood, methane extracted from animal faeces, and ethanol and diesel made from plant materials of waste oil. (envirolink.org)
  • As with electricity, the discovery of efficient and relatively cheap fossil fuels reduced the usage of biofuels in vehicles. (envirolink.org)
  • More recently, thanks to the rising price and ever-diminishing supplies of fossil fuels, interest in sustaining rural development, and concerns over greenhouse gas emissions, biofuels have come back into the spotlight again as an alternative means of energy. (envirolink.org)
  • In theory, biofuels are less polluting than fossil fuels. (envirolink.org)
  • If a shift to electric cars occurs, liquid biofuels would have no place but in aviation (jet engines need the high energy density that only chemical fuels can provide). (envirolink.org)
  • However, it does not degrade cellulosic substrates nor does it produce ethanol or other possible types of biofuel. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • The advanced biofuels used to replace diesel are supposed to emit 50 percent less, and cellulosic biofuels 60 percent less, than burning gasoline. (reason.com)
  • Focusing on the biofuels that aim to substitute for gasoline by 2022, the researchers find that the cellulosic biofuels should cut emissions by 12 million metric tons annually. (reason.com)
  • This seems a bit optimistic, since the Energy Policy Act mandated the production of 4.25 billion gallons of cellulosic biofuels by this year, and EPA projects that only 230 million gallons will actually be produced. (reason.com)
  • Cellulosic biomass represents an abundant renewable resource for the production of bio-based products and biofuels. (aiche.org)
  • Renmatix says its new process allows it to produce cellulosic sugars -- from which some types of biofuel are derived -- more cheaply than ever. (zdnet.com)
  • PHILADELPHIA -- Here in a warehouse comprised of little else besides plywood, steel beams and concrete, bioindustrial startup Renmatix announced a new process that it says allows it to produce cellulosic sugars -- from which some types of biofuel are derived -- more cheaply than ever. (zdnet.com)
  • The first commercial cellulosic biofuel plant aims to turn Mississippi wood chips into diesel fuel and gasoline that are chemically identical to petroleum products. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The three prongs of the company's research are: getting more ethanol from a particular amount of corn, developing the technology to make cellulosic biofuels, and partnering with other organizations - the U.S. DOE and DP, for example, to bring biofuels to market. (autoblog.com)
  • Ranieri outlined how the energy ratio - energy delivered to a customer divided by the energy used to create cellulosic biofuels - is greater than both the energy ratio for grain ethanol and gasoline. (autoblog.com)
  • Some 65 percent expect renewable diesel to reach 1 billion gallons or more in global production volume by 2020, compared to 55 percent for cellulosic ethanol, a fuel that Spain's Abengoa Bioenergy will soon be producing in the US , and 52 percent for aviation biofuels. (environmentalleader.com)
  • Last week a large group of EU-based biofuel producers and associations raised a red flag that some Member States are considering or are already dropping the mandates on renewable energy in transport in view of the COVID-19 crisis. (euractiv.com)
  • A delegated act determining the sustainability criteria of biofuels under the new renewable energy directive (RED II) has been blocked in the European Commission as some Commissioners found the criteria "too light", EURACTIV has learnt. (euractiv.com)
  • Under the EU's new renewable energy rules, the European Commission has to define criteria that are meant to curb the use of the most climate-damaging biofuels. (euractiv.com)
  • The 27-nation EU aims to ramp up its use of biofuels in coming years after the bloc's leaders set tough renewable energy targets last year. (france24.com)
  • Brazil is the most advanced in biofuels because of its experience in ethanol,' said Camila Ramos, head of Latin America research at a renewable energy consulting company called New Energy Finance. (reuters.com)
  • Driven by the concerns about how an ever-growing population livelihood can be preserved, a number of initiatives to ensure sustainable growth of biomass for biofuel production have been developed, including the European Union's Directive on Renewable Energy (2009/28/EC) (EU RED), which requires sustainability certification for all biofuels sold in the EU from 2012 onwards. (intertek.com)
  • Biofuels may be referred to as renewable energy because they are a form of transformed solar energy. (greenfacts.org)
  • Biofuel production, renewable energy expansion (and) other mitigation measures (are) uprooting indigenous peoples in many regions,' the U.N. University said in a statement on a report released at a conference in Darwin, Australia. (france24.com)
  • Derived from plant material or animal waste, i.e. biomass, biofuels are a form of renewable energy. (carbonfund.org)
  • More than 100 scientists and economists have written to the European Commission arguing that assigning biofuels a zero or "carbon-neutral" emissions value "is clearly not supported by the [best available] science" and that "the European Union's target for renewable energy in transport may fail to deliver genuine carbon savings in the real world," The Guardian newspaper reported Friday. (upi.com)
  • This comprehensive text will prove useful for chemists, biologists and engineers working in the emerging biofuels industry, for researchers and academics interested in the field, as well as for those active in conventional fuel companies. (worldcat.org)
  • But while the corn lobby probably would be thrilled to keep ethanol made from their grain in the top spot, biofuel researchers have other ideas. (asbmb.org)
  • University of Pennsylvania researchers are studying how giant clams convert sunlight into energy, which could lead to more efficient production of biofuel. (asme.org)
  • The researchers recently duplicated the giant clam's methods, paving the way for our own biofuel-driven future. (asme.org)
  • The researchers first calculate what the effect on greenhouse gas emissions in 2022 would be if each gallon of biofuel fully replaced a gallon of gasoline or diesel fuel. (reason.com)
  • In any case, the researchers calculate that burning mandated conventional biofuels-those whose emissions of greenhouse gases are 20 percent lower than a gallon of gasoline-will backfire with respect to the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. (reason.com)
  • The video NREL's Advanced Biofuels Research describes how NREL researchers are using the tools of science to develop the biofuels of the future. (nrel.gov)
  • One of the key targets for energy researchers is a sustainable route to biofuels from non-edible lignocellulosic (plant) biomass, such as agricultural wastes, forestry residues or purpose grown energy grasses. (rsc.org)
  • Biofuel researchers at UC Berkeley may keep the tobacco industry from going up in smoke. (yahoo.com)
  • By changing the way certain organisms process sugar, UCLA researchers have shown how to produce more biofuel. (technologyreview.com)
  • Rather than trying to find better ways to make ethanol-the aim of most new biofuel efforts-the researchers chose to create entirely novel biofuels, guided by their own ideas about what a fuel might look like if designed from scratch. (technologyreview.com)
  • Biovalorisation of Wastes to Renewable Chemicals and Biofuels can be used as course material for graduate students in chemical engineering, chemistry, and biotechnology, and as a reference for industrial professionals and researchers who want to gain a basic understanding on the subject. (elsevier.com)
  • Written by leading experts and providing a broad range of perspectives on cutting-edge applications, the book is a comprehensive reference guide for academic researchers and industrial engineers in the fields of natural renewable materials, biorefinery of lignocellulose, biofuels, and environmental engineering, and a valuable resource for university students in the fields of chemical engineering, material science and environmental engineering. (springer.com)
  • It is critical to the stability of the climate that we prevent biofuels from expanding at the expense of rainforests and other valuable ecosystems that store carbon and provide other ecological services," says Suzanne Hunt, who directed the team of 15 researchers from four countries. (worldwatch.org)
  • Large-scale test: For several days, the DLR combustion researchers investigated the use of biofuels and blends in a real engine. (dlr.de)
  • Biofuels are the need of today, and researchers around the globe are exploring the options for biological fuel production. (intechopen.com)
  • Biofuels covers the use and conversion technologies of biomass as a renewable resource to produce bioenergy in a sustainable way, mainly in the form of liquid and gaseous biofuels. (worldcat.org)
  • For a review of terminology relating to biofuels, see FAO (2004a) UBET - Unified Bioenergy Terminology. (greenfacts.org)
  • Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production reviews a range of pretreatment methods such as ammonium fiber explosion, steam explosion, dilute acid hydrolysis, alkali hydrolysis, and supercritical carbon dioxide explosion focusing on their final sugar yields from hemicellulose, glucose yields from cellulose, as well as on their feasibilities in bioenergy production processes at various scales. (springer.com)
  • South Africa's government sees much to be excited about in the emerging biofuels industry. (treehugger.com)
  • A preliminary, independent analysis of the saltwort experiment found the biofuel produces 38 to 68 percent less greenhouse gas emissions than fossil jet fuel. (forbes.com)
  • Analysts studied the biofuel potential of Europe's wastes in 2015 and concluded the conversion of municipal solid waste has the highest potential for avoiding greenhouse gas emissions. (forbes.com)
  • EUROPE's biofuel plans will produce more greenhouse emissions, not less. (newscientist.com)
  • The European Union decided in 2007 to cut greenhouse emissions by 20 per cent by 2020 , partly by replacing 10 per cent of transport fuel with biofuel. (newscientist.com)
  • Trump is more interested in biofuels as replacements for imported oil, but Clinton notes that they "can also play an important role in reducing carbon emissions. (reason.com)
  • The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) calculates that substituting biofuels for gasoline and diesel will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 138 million metric tons by that time. (reason.com)
  • They argue that the biofuels mandate is more likely to increase than reduce overall greenhouse gas emissions from the U.S. transportation sector. (reason.com)
  • The upshot is that rather than decreasing greenhouse gas emissions by 23 million metric tons annually as intended, this part of the biofuels mandate will actually boost emissions by extra 34 million metric tons each year. (reason.com)
  • The results of biofuel tests conducted in our global network of laboratories help you to characterize your biofuel source, meet customer specifications and comply with emissions regulations. (sgs.com)
  • Study co-author Dominick Spracklen of the School of Earth and the Environment at the University of Leeds says: "This study shows that if your primary concern is reducing carbon dioxide emissions, growing biofuels is not the best way to do it. (innovations-report.com)
  • The study compared the amount of carbon dioxide emissions that would be saved from entering the atmosphere by growing biofuels with the amount saved from slowing deforestation and restoring forests over a 30-year period. (innovations-report.com)
  • He says: "There is a big push in the EU and US to promote biofuels as a way to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. (innovations-report.com)
  • But biofuel believers point out that as long as coal-the most carbon-intensive fuel-generates 40 percent of U.S. electricity, greenhouse gas emissions remain a problem for electric cars. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Furthermore, with biofuels, we see the potential to reduce the emissions of pollutants in the future. (dlr.de)
  • Displaced human activity caused by converting forests and grasslands to biofuels production can result in "substantial" CO2 emissions, the scientists said. (upi.com)
  • All the studies of land-use change indicate that the emissions related to biofuels expansion are significant and can be quite large," their letter to the commission said, arguing the EU targets are based on "flawed" assumptions. (upi.com)
  • Today European governments seek to significantly lower our society's dependence on fossil resources and reduce GHG emissions, namely by increasing the share of biofuels being used. (nnfcc.co.uk)
  • The extra costs in energy and carbon emissions can be quite substantial particularly if the biofuels are made in one country and exported to another, or worse, if the raw materials, such as seed oils, are produced in one country to be refined for use in another. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • Oil and gas prices have shot up within the past several years, while the pressure to reduce carbon emissions to mitigate global warming is increasingly pointing to biofuels as one of the main solutions. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • Switching to biofuels cuts direct greenhouse gas emissions but what of indirect ones? (slideshare.net)
  • By devoting attention to limiting such indirect emissions, the net benefits of shifting to biofuel could be significantly improved. (slideshare.net)
  • Fossil-fuel projects and activities are progressing on the basis that their carbon dioxide emissions will be offset by "savings" attributable to biofuel projects elsewhere in the world. (thetimes.co.uk)
  • The use of biofuels within the country is a consequence of the aim to diversify the energy mix, with criteria such as: Employment generation, agro-industrial development, environmental sustainability and improvement of fuel quality. (ecopetrol.com.co)
  • But recent drops in biofuel prices have caused concern about the sustainability of alternative fuel production. (ipsnews.net)
  • Although the production of biofuels creates environmental sustainability, farmers will not be able to continue investing in them if they don't have a market to sell their produce. (ipsnews.net)
  • Buyers and sellers of biofuels in the EU market have the obligation to undergo regular independent audits of its suppliers to ensure that these sustainability criteria are met. (intertek.com)
  • Intertek's third-party verification program will help your organization identify and target key improvement areas, quantify your sustainability products, and to reach compliance with sustainability legislation for biofuels e.g. (intertek.com)
  • Biofuels for Transport , undertaken with support from the German Ministry of Food, Agriculture, and Consumer Protection, assesses the range of "sustainability" issues the biofuels industry will present in the years ahead, ranging from implications for the global climate and water resources to biological diversity and the world's poor. (worldwatch.org)
  • Biobutanol is a good example of improved performance and environmental sustainability for biofuels. (autoblog.com)
  • In order to avoid any negative impact derived from the introduction of biofuels, the EU Energy and Climate Package includes Sustainability Criteria. (nnfcc.co.uk)
  • Among the issues considered was the need for a biofuels certification scheme based on standards of sustainability. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • The World Food Programme, the UN agency in charge of alleviating world hunger, warned the European Union about the link between the accelerating demand for biofuels and rising food prices. (france24.com)
  • Yet, energy experts remain optimistic, predicting the demand for biofuels to increase in the near future. (ipsnews.net)
  • During the past several years, there has been increasing interest in the development of biofuels derived from environmentally friendly lignocellulosic biomass. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • or to work in processing, or the development of biofuels. (coursera.org)
  • This discovery could contribute to the development of biofuels. (eurekalert.org)
  • Levulinic acid and furfural are examples of potential 'platform molecules', i.e. molecules that can be produced from biomass and converted into biofuels. (rsc.org)
  • Conventional biofuels, such as corn ethanol, are supposed to emit 20 percent less greenhouse gases than gasoline. (reason.com)
  • The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology is playing a vital role in creating the next generation of biofuels. (asbmb.org)
  • Biofuels are either liquid or gaseous fuel. (rsc.org)
  • Ethanol) Biofuels are any liquid, solid or gaseous fuel that is produced from some type of organic material. (prezi.com)
  • NREL is developing technologies and helping prepare a new generation workforce to enable the commercialization of algal biofuels. (nrel.gov)
  • We are focused on understanding the current cost for algal biofuels production and using that information to identify and develop cost reduction strategies. (nrel.gov)
  • Learn about our algal biofuels techno-economic analysis capabilities . (nrel.gov)
  • View all NREL algal biofuels publications . (nrel.gov)
  • and inform analyses of the state of technology for producing algal biofuels and bioproducts. (nrel.gov)
  • Algal biofuels are one of the promising options. (intechopen.com)
  • The growing criticism has placed Brazil at the center of the global biofuels debate. (reuters.com)
  • I'm president of the Worldwatch Institute, and it is our great honor and pleasure to be able to host this event on global biofuels and the potential to meet a variety of needs over the years to come. (worldwatch.org)
  • Global Biofuels Ltd. 2008. (howstuffworks.com)
  • [2] However, in practice, whether or not a biofuel is carbon-neutral also depends greatly on whether the land which is used to grow the biofuel (with 1st and 2nd generation biofuel) needed to be cleared of carbon-holding vegetation or not. (wikipedia.org)
  • corn for ethanol as our first generation biofuel of choice. (coursera.org)
  • With the success of converting diesel engines to using biofuels, home-made scam conversion kits of questionable quality were installed in old, inexpensive diesel cars and resold in more favorable alternative fuel markets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuels are in theory carbon-neutral because the carbon dioxide that is absorbed by the plants is equal to the carbon dioxide that is released when the fuel is burned. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] The production of biofuels also led into a flourishing automotive industry, where by 2010, 79% of all cars produced in Brazil were made with a hybrid fuel system of bioethanol and gasoline. (wikipedia.org)
  • The RFS mandates that 15 billion gallons of conventional biofuels be blended into the U.S. transport fuel supply by 2022. (reason.com)
  • The Renewable Fuel Standard requires oil refiners to blend increasing amounts of biofuels like corn-based ethanol into their fuel each year, or purchase blending credits from those who do. (cnbc.com)
  • The History of Biofuels: The Transition For a while petroleum fuel was the only fuel source people were interested in until the 1970s and 1980s when the idea of using biofuels was revisited in the United States. (prezi.com)
  • Biofuel History) The History Of Biofuels: The Beginning Biofuels actually preceeded petroleum based sources of fuel. (prezi.com)
  • Fuel Ethanol in Brazil) Recent statistics on biofuel production and consumption in Europe are showing that between 2010 and 2011 biofuel consumption increased by 3%, which converts into 13.6 million tonnes of oil equivalent used in 2011 compared to 13.2 million toe in 2010. (prezi.com)
  • Drop-in biofuels proponents say they could help free modern civilization from its dependence upon petroleum, without requiring extensive rebuilding of the fuel-supplying infrastructure or the junking of vast numbers of existing vehicles. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • So what that means is that drop-in biofuel must be a hydrocarbon-molecularly indistinguishable from the gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel making the world mobile today. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • So, computational scientists at NREL set about trying to understand and create enhanced, designer enzymes to speed up biofuel production and lower the cost of biomass-derived fuel to serve the global population. (nsf.gov)
  • The EU has set a target of ensuring that biofuels make up 10 percent of vehicle fuel by 2020. (wired.com)
  • While the article is already fanning the controversy with environmental groups who oppose turning farmland for food into farmland for fuel, its claims more modestly imply simply that large-scale targets for using biofuels will need to be reduced and that the drive for ever-greater fuel efficiency should take precedence over any form of land conversion. (wired.com)
  • As ethanol is being used more and more for transportation fuel, biofuels have captured the attention of investors. (technologyreview.com)
  • Transformational biofuels technologies, like catalytic biomass pyrolysis, have the potential to substantially enhance the economic and energy security of the U.S. by converting abundant domestic biomass resources--such as the leaves, husks or stalks from corn--into transportation fuel. (energy.gov)
  • If successful, RTI's project would decrease the production cost of domestic biofuels, enabling a cost-competitive alternative to petroleum-based fuel. (energy.gov)
  • Biofuels, on the other hand, primarily come from plants and are viewed as renewable fuel and energy sources. (perkins.com)
  • But nations that develop domestic biofuels industries will be able to purchase fuel from their own farmers rather than spending scarce foreign exchange on imported oil. (worldwatch.org)
  • Current biofuels production methods place a heavy burden on land and water resources, due in part to the fossil fuel- and chemical-intensive corn that is used to produce over half the world's ethanol," says Hunt. (worldwatch.org)
  • The question is not whether biofuels will play a major part in the global transportation fuel market, but when and at what price," says Flavin. (worldwatch.org)
  • and discovering new technologies to make advanced biofuels with enhanced fuel properties. (autoblog.com)
  • On the one hand, production of corn-based biofuels creates a 'food/feed vs. fuel' tradeoff condition, along with subsequent uncertainties for both consumers and producers (farmers). (repec.org)
  • Biofuels and Rural Poverty makes an original contribution to the current controversial global debate on biofuels, in particular the consequences that large-scale production of transport fuel substitutes can have on rural areas, principally in developing countries but also in some poor rural areas of developed countries. (waterstones.com)
  • The Environmental Protection Agency has long led the way for the development, production and expansion of advanced biofuels through the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). (rollcall.com)
  • Primafuel owns patent-pending technologies that improve the biofuels production process along every step of the fuel supply-chain. (prweb.com)
  • While water is not technically a biofuel, the hydrogen in water is an excellent fuel source. (howstuffworks.com)
  • A "billion ton vision" was unveiled [2] to make available 1.3 billion tons of dry biomass for the biofuels industry by the middle of this century, to provide 30 percent of US' fuel use, if all things work out, such as a fifty percent increase in crop yield. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • The new glucose biofuel cell technology using the body sugar as a fuel supply could be used for a range of applications, including neural and bone-growth stimulators, drug delivery devices, insulin pumps, and biosensors according to Eileen Yu, a chemical engineer at Newcastle University. (geeky-gadgets.com)
  • The electronic forum and SBSTTA considerations will be focused on liquid biofuel bearing in mind that the recent expansion of biofuel production is for the substitution of fossil fuel energy. (cbd.int)
  • Skeptics of biofuel are concerned that funding for food aid programs, like Feed the Children (above), will dry up if excess food is used as fuel. (howstuffworks.com)
  • advanced biofuels' are generated by microbes, notably, oleaginous yeasts or microalgae, where the microbe does not convert the substrate to fuel but is the immediate source of the fuel. (els.net)
  • Domestic biofuels could replace over 1 billion barrels of oil and 58 million tons of coal from 2020-2030 while reducing nearly 700 million tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. (energy.gov)
  • For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/signals/signals-2017/infographics/biofuels-in-europe or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
  • The production of first‐generation biofuels is currently the most advanced, with bioethanol being manufactured commercially in many countries. (els.net)
  • These criteria vary according to how the feedstock is produced, converted into biofuel, and eventually distributed and used. (intertek.com)
  • Working with its parent company, Caravan Trading, LLC, CIMA Energy Group specializes in alternative energy technology such as biofuel feedstock. (carbonfund.org)
  • Whatever the source, biofuels face a number of challenges including the cost of the feedstock, the cost of conversion to biofuel and slow progress from laboratory to pilot‐scale production. (els.net)
  • Lovecraft Biofuels was a Silverlake, California operation that claimed typical diesel engines could run on vegetable oil using what is known as a "single tank" conversion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other drop-in second generation biofuels include biomass-to-liquids diesel and renewable gasoline. (sfu.ca)
  • Biofuel research companies, producers and NGOs supporting the production of environmentally friendly diesel had created an artificially high demand for the seeds, which resulted a high pricing structure that could not be maintained in an open market in the long-term. (ipsnews.net)
  • Renewable diesel is the biofuel most likely to reach mass production quickly, according to the survey. (environmentalleader.com)
  • Next-generation biofuels - such as renewable diesel and butanol - that can offer higher blends, in contrast, are not quite mature, the report says. (environmentalleader.com)
  • Today, the majority of biofuels are in the latter category, with ethanol and diesel made from processing, primarily, corn, sugarcane and rapeseed. (envirolink.org)
  • Since then, biofuels have largely been used in the automotive industry and early cars such as the Model T Ford and the first diesel engine were designed to run on biofuels. (envirolink.org)
  • Biofuel plantations, construction of hydropower dams and measures to protect forests, where trees soak up heat-trapping carbon dioxide gas as they grow, can create conflicts with the ancestral lands of indigenous peoples. (france24.com)
  • Burning biofuels may produce carbon dioxide but growing the plants should combat that by absorbing a comparable amount of gas from the atmosphere. (envirolink.org)
  • The Biofuels and Bioproducts Laboratory is interested in all aspects of the bioconversion of lignocellulosic material to biofuels and bioproducts. (washington.edu)
  • This work is a key step towards using wood for biofuel and other products and will benefit biorefinery processes in the coming years, she says. (europa.eu)
  • Key European Commission documents refer to substantial cost savings when transitioning from conventional to advanced biofuels. (euractiv.com)
  • Both conventional first generation and advanced second generation biofuels are currently being produced commercially. (sfu.ca)
  • The European Union-funded 'High Biofuel Blends in Aviation' (HBBA) study focused on blends, i.e. mixtures of conventional kerosene with biofuels. (dlr.de)
  • Blends of biofuels and conventional kerosene represent an important intermediate stage - some of their properties correspond to those of normal kerosene, which means that not all parameters required for the combustion process have to be completely re-examined. (dlr.de)
  • We know there is an interest in using biofuels with Perkins engines. (perkins.com)
  • [3] As of 2011 [update] , mandates for blending biofuels exist in 31 countries at the national level and in 29 states or provinces. (wikipedia.org)
  • The RFS was passed as part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, and it mandates the production of 36 billion gallons of biofuels by 2022. (reason.com)
  • The bill mandated ambitious production targets of 9 billion gallons of biofuels a year in 2008 and rising to 36 billion gallons a year by 2022. (innovations-report.com)
  • Brazil is the region's undisputed biofuels leader, with ethanol mills expected to produce up to 27.5 billion liters in the 2008/09 season, up from 23 billion liters in 2007/08. (reuters.com)
  • BRASILIA (Reuters) - President Barack Obama wants to work with Brazil on biofuels and pledged to advance global trade talks as a way to stoke economic growth, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva's spokesman said on Monday. (reuters.com)
  • Obama said the United States has much to gain by cooperating with Brazil on biofuels, according to Baumbach. (reuters.com)
  • The European Union's environment chief said on Tuesday that biofuels, which Brazil hopes to export to the EU, now must meet social and environmental criteria. (reuters.com)
  • Biofuels are rapidly becoming the main cause of deforestation in countries like Indonesia, Malaysia and Brazil,' said Simone Lovera, managing coordinator of the Global Forest Coalition, an environmental NGO based in Asunción, Paraguay. (ipsnews.net)
  • will be hosting the Biofuels Markets Americas conference on April 3rd and 4th, 2007 at the Sofitel Hotel, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • Brazil is a leader in the use of biofuels for transportation. (treehugger.com)
  • The Biofuels and bioproducts laboratory (BBL) research group is a key member of the Advanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest research program. (washington.edu)
  • The 2015 Advanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest meeting will be held at the UW in Seattle from Sept 8-10. (washington.edu)
  • However, since EU leaders fixed those targets in March last year, concerns have risen about possible negative effects from biofuels, including their impact on food prices and the environment. (france24.com)
  • The EPA is working on a number of critical adjustments to its biofuel policy that are of interest to the oil industry, including resetting targets for annual biofuels blending volumes, lifting a summertime ban on higher-ethanol blends of gasoline, and proposing measures to limit speculation in the blending credit market. (cnbc.com)
  • In Indonesia, biofuel plantations could be central to meeting landscape restoration targets in Indonesia while helping the country meet growing energy demand. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • But the report determines "existing mandated targets for advanced biofuels are not currently achievable -- scientifically or commercially -- and should be revisited. (innovations-report.com)
  • Nations around the world have developed targets for the production of biofuels and their application in industry. (atebits.com)
  • BRUSSELS, Oct. 7 (UPI) -- European Union biofuel targets have been condemned by scientists who say the EU view of biofuels as carbon-neutral is "not supported by the science. (upi.com)
  • Refineries will be able to trade the quotas, so refineries that use more biofuels will be able to sell their surplus quota to those that miss their targets. (autoblog.com)
  • Other renewable biofuels are made through the use or conversion of biomass (referring to recently living organisms, most often referring to plants or plant-derived materials). (wikipedia.org)
  • The tender tips of the saltwort are also an edible vegetable, and the plant produces an abundance of oil seeds that can be used to make biofuel. (forbes.com)
  • By utilizing plant biomass that is either of low value for other products or can be grown on marginal land with minimal energy inputs, we can ensure that the biofuels and bioproducts produced are sustainable both environmentally and economically. (washington.edu)
  • Peru this year opened a biofuels plant that processes soy but by 2010 will be fed with jatropha -- a drought-resistant plant that can be easily grown in Peru's deserts. (reuters.com)
  • Until now, corn has been the most scrutinized plant for the production of biofuel. (atebits.com)
  • Industrial hemp plant is arguably the most versatile crop in the world and can be used in the production of medicines, fibers, plastic, and of course, biofuel. (atebits.com)
  • Primafuel will begin construction on its new biofuels plant at the Port of Sacramento in 2008. (prweb.com)
  • Our largest liquid biofuel power plant is the ItalGreen plant in Italy with a total output of 115 MW. (wartsila.com)
  • Marseglia biofuel power plant in Italy. (wartsila.com)
  • Wärtsilä was contracted to extend a liquid biofuel-fired plant in Monopoli, on the south-east coast of Italy. (wartsila.com)
  • Another concern involves the need to plant more sugarcane to meet biofuel demand. (slideshare.net)
  • The technology to process the cellulose in plant waste is still in development but its success or otherwise will determine whether biofuels have a future. (envirolink.org)
  • The authors conservatively estimate, based on an extensive survey of previous research, that about a half-gallon of gasoline is displaced by the energy equivalent of a gallon of biofuel. (reason.com)
  • Remember that a gallon of these biofuels is expected to displace only half a gallon of gasoline. (reason.com)
  • One of these biofuels, ethyl valerate, is claimed to be a possible advanced bio-gasoline molecule with several advantages over bio-ethanol. (rsc.org)
  • As an example of the unintended economic consequences of U.S. biofuels policy, the report notes that in 2008 "the U.S. government spent $4 billion in biofuels subsidies to replace roughly 2 percent of the U.S. gasoline supply. (innovations-report.com)
  • Producers would need to be able to manufacture large quantities of drop-in biofuels at a cost that's competitive with gasoline and other petroleum products, and without expending excessive amounts of energy in the process. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Biobutanol Partnership with BP and Advanced Biofuels Pipeline: DuPont's partnership with BP to develop biobutanol is based on its strategy to bring advanced biofuels to market to expand the use of biofuels in gasoline. (autoblog.com)
  • Mike Wirth, executive vice president, Downstream, said, "Chevron is already active in biofuels, with our marketing assets and experience blending ethanol in our gasoline. (chevron.com)
  • And if petrogarchs had their way, we'd pretend there was no legitimate alternative to gasoline in advanced biofuel. (ethanol.org)
  • For Canada, annual biofuel reports are currently available in the GAIN searchable database from 2010 to 2016, and a report from 2006 was also obtained. (sfu.ca)
  • Many other countries including China have been increasing their consumption of biofuels, as well as production. (prezi.com)
  • To combat global warming, the production and consumption of biofuels is on the rise around the world. (yokogawa.com)
  • This technology is expected to easily integrate into the existing domestic petroleum refining infrastructure, making it an economically attractive option for biofuels production. (energy.gov)
  • The Future Of Biofuels) Biofuels: The Global Scale We are currently in the stage of not only the United States, but many other countries as well are starting to practice with biofuels. (prezi.com)
  • As a biology and anthropology double major, I'm looking at the social aspects of biofuels. (haverford.edu)
  • The key challenges the strategy would need to address were the costs of the technology to develop the biofuels and the production plants. (treehugger.com)
  • Tauli-Corpuz, who also represents the Igorot people, told Reuters that 500,000 indigenous people in the Philippines were suffering from an expansion of biofuel plantations. (france24.com)
  • One aim of our lab is to metabolically engineer L. plantarum to convert biomass into biofuels. (weizmann.ac.il)
  • Research Triangle Institute (RTI) is developing a new pyrolysis process to convert second-generation biomass into biofuels in one simple step. (energy.gov)
  • Professor Fang is an associate editor of Biotechnology for Biofuels and the Journal of Supercritical Fluids . (springer.com)
  • The UN agency in charge of alleviating world hunger warned the European Union on Thursday that the fast-growing use of biofuels is driving up food prices for the world's poor. (france24.com)
  • A biofuels push could sustain energy flows from Latin America toward the United States, the world's top energy consumer, as falling oil output in Venezuela and Mexico has left Washington seeking new supplies in other regions. (reuters.com)
  • Analysts say Latin America's soil and climate are ideal for developing ethanol from soy and sugar cane, which are more efficient than the corn-based ethanol dominant in the United States -- the world's largest producer of biofuels. (reuters.com)
  • WASHINGTON, D.C. - The increase in world agriculture prices caused by the global boom in biofuels could benefit many of the world's rural poor, according to the Worldwatch Institute. (worldwatch.org)
  • Biofuels are a growing component of the world's energy base and will be an active part of Chevron's efforts to help diversify the world's energy supplies. (chevron.com)
  • Bedford Biofuels was a green energy company headquartered in Edmonton, Alberta. (wikipedia.org)
  • We have developed a low-cost, low-energy method to deconstruct algal biomass to allow for recovery and upgrading of lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins to biofuels and bioproducts. (nrel.gov)
  • Genetic engineers have coaxed bacteria to brew high-energy pinene biofuel. (popsci.com)
  • Others are working on modifying plants to produce energy rich oils preferentially instead of starch or teaching biofuel processing bacteria new tricks, such as making longer-chain alcohols that store more energy than ethanol, synthesizing biofuels out of proteins instead of sugars, or digesting sugar polymers directly and pumping out biofuels at the same time. (asbmb.org)
  • Stems, branches, and leaves contain cellulose, a polymer of glucose in the cell wall that holds ample energy for conversion to biofuels. (asbmb.org)
  • If successful, the system may propel biofuel from being a next-to-ignored alternative energy to being a major player. (asme.org)
  • Portugal will use both electromobility and biofuels to decarbonise its transport sector by 2050, José Mendes, Portuguese First Secretary of State for Mobility - Environment and Energy Transition, told EURACTIV.com in an interview. (euractiv.com)
  • Handbook of Biofuels Production, Second Edition, discusses advanced chemical, biochemical, and thermochemical biofuels production routes that are fast being developed to address the global increase in energy usage. (oreilly.com)
  • CARACAS, July 21 (Reuters) - Latin America is emerging as a key global producer of biofuels as nations across the region seek to use competitive advantages such as fertile land and tropical weather to tap into unprecedented energy prices. (reuters.com)
  • The new U.S. president has made the increased use of alternative energy sources, including biofuels, a key goal of his administration. (reuters.com)
  • In Denmark, DFDS is investing in the start-up company MASH Energy ApS that produces biofuel from agricultural waste, currently from the by-products of nut processing in Tanzania and India. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • The real crime against humanity is to discredit biofuels a priori and condemn food-starved and energy-starved countries to dependence and insecurity,' Lula said at a conference of the United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization in Brasilia. (reuters.com)
  • The frequently caustic battle over European biofuels policy has kicked off again this week as the European Union is set to reverse gear and end years of support for the controversial energy source. (nature.com)
  • The report questions whether mandated volumes for biofuels can be met and whether biofuels are improving the environment or energy security. (innovations-report.com)
  • SGS helps you to increase your sustainable energy advantage through expert testing and independent inspection of your biofuel. (sgs.com)
  • Biofuels are energy carriers that store the energy derived from biomass . (greenfacts.org)
  • Before drop-in biofuels become the transportation energy source of the future, there are still significant technological, economic, and environmental hurdles to overcome. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Think alfalfa stalks or wood chips (which have energy contained in a molecule humans can't digest called cellulose), as opposed to the edible corn grains that are used in the production of ethanol for biofuels. (nsf.gov)
  • Speaking in Burkina Faso, Lula said that biofuels could provide a way to secure Africa's energy needs and economic stability, but Renton Righelato of the World Land Trust, a UK-based conservation agency, says that large-scale ethanol production in Africa is a mistake. (newscientist.com)
  • This is one conclusion of a landmark new 450-page book, Biofuels for Transport: Global Potential and Implications for Energy and Agriculture , authored by Worldwatch and published by Earthscan. (worldwatch.org)
  • Most other books available on biofuels take a technical approach and are aimed at addressing energy security or climate change issues. (waterstones.com)
  • The biofuels business unit will operate within Chevron Technology Ventures (CTV), a corporate subsidiary dedicated to identifying, developing and commercializing emerging energy technologies. (chevron.com)
  • We have produced high quality technical studies on biofuels for over a decade, working with the Department for Transport (DfT), the Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC, now BEIS) and commercial biofuel producers. (nnfcc.co.uk)
  • If we come to rely on biofuels as our energy source, energy and food may come into direct competition for resources, specifically land. (howstuffworks.com)
  • For lots more information on biofuels, energy and related topics, read the next page. (howstuffworks.com)
  • 2. But as the markets ready themselves for a spike in demand, how can we ensure the long-term viability of biofuel as an alternative energy source? (slideshare.net)
  • However, there are currently many downsides to this type of energy, including environmental, financial, and ethical concerns, which raise the question of whether there is any sort of future for biofuels. (envirolink.org)
  • Salicornia bigelovii , aka dwarf saltwort, can grow in saltwater on otherwise unused land, fertilized by edible shrimp and tilapia, is edible itself, and it produces oil seed with potential to produce biofuel. (forbes.com)
  • It produces nearly four times more oil than soybeans , which are currently the US's number one biofuel crop. (atebits.com)
  • Europe's thirst for biofuels is fuelling deforestation and food price hikes, exacerbated by a false accounting system that awards carbon credits to the carbon profligate nations. (i-sis.org.uk)
  • As a global leader in testing, inspection, and auditing, our team of experts is fully versed in the unique challenges the biofuel industry faces. (intertek.com)
  • Biofuels Markets Americas is part of the Biofuels Markets Global Series of events which attracted over 1000 industry executives from 64 countries in 2006. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • This year's conference will build on the success of the 2006 conference and focus on the challenges and opportunities for the biofuels industry throughout the region. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • Blame biofuels, the oil industry says. (newser.com)
  • Even so, it's clearly a blow to the biofuels industry and to environmentalists who were pinning outsized hopes on the benefits of ethanol. (wired.com)
  • Some 54 percent of biofuels industry respondents to PwC's 2014 Biofuels Market Insights Survey say venture capital will be a source of biofules funding in the next 12 to 24 months. (environmentalleader.com)
  • The 53.2 billion gallon a year biofuel industry is poised for a "huge" slowdown in capacity growth, according to a study by Lux Research released in March. (environmentalleader.com)
  • But there are fundamental environmental concerns about the biofuels industry, too. (atebits.com)
  • But all's not lost, because the enormous amount of waste produced by the marijuana industry as a whole in the US makes for enough biomass at least to provide biofuel locally. (atebits.com)
  • Today, the RFS-2 has been successful in achieving its intended mandate of reduced dependence on oil and is helping to grow the advanced biofuels industry in America. (rollcall.com)
  • We look forward to meeting with other biofuel supply chain and logistic leaders in Nashville and contributing to this important industry conversation. (prweb.com)
  • As we enter the low-carbon age the biofuels industry will face monumental opportunities and challenges,' said Primafuel CEO Richard Woods. (prweb.com)
  • White Castle and other chains say that corn-based biofuels are driving up food prices. (zdnet.com)
  • Ziegler this week called biofuels a 'crime against humanity,' though he referred mainly to U.S. ethanol derived from corn. (reuters.com)
  • Indigenous people point to an increase in human rights violations, displacements and conflicts due to expropriation of ancestral lands and forests for biofuel plantations -- soya, sugar cane, jatropha, oil-palm, corn, etc,' it said. (france24.com)
  • [1] Renewable biofuels generally involve contemporary carbon fixation , such as those that occur in plants or microalgae through the process of photosynthesis . (wikipedia.org)
  • Microalgae are tiny reservoirs of a plethora of biofuels. (intechopen.com)
  • Biofuel yields from microalgae [ 27 ]. (intechopen.com)
  • Could Tobacco Be the Next Biofuel? (yahoo.com)
  • In Denmark, World Maritime News reports that Norden confirmed via Danish social media that it was a launching a second biofuel trial with GoodFuels, this time on the 49,600 dwt tanker Nord Sustainable that left Latvia on its way to Algeria where it is expected to arrive on June 17. (biofuelsdigest.com)