Biofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Energy-Generating Resources: Materials or phenomena which can provide energy directly or via conversion.Microalgae: A non-taxonomic term for unicellular microscopic algae which are found in both freshwater and marine environments. Some authors consider DIATOMS; CYANOBACTERIA; HAPTOPHYTA; and DINOFLAGELLATES as part of microalgae, even though they are not algae.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Lignin: The most abundant natural aromatic organic polymer found in all vascular plants. Lignin together with cellulose and hemicellulose are the major cell wall components of the fibers of all wood and grass species. Lignin is composed of coniferyl, p-coumaryl, and sinapyl alcohols in varying ratios in different plant species. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Stramenopiles: A common name (but used formally) for a group of organisms that are mostly kinds of algae including BACILLARIOPHYTA; OOMYCETES; PHAEOPHYCEAE; and CHRYSOPHYCEAE. They all contain CHLOROPLASTS that are thought to have been derived from the endosymbiosis of ancient RED ALGAE.Renewable Energy: Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Panicum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).Photobioreactors: Devices for generating biological products that use light as the energy source. They are used for controlled BIOMASS production such as growing cyanobacteria, mosses, or algae.Metabolic Engineering: Methods and techniques used to genetically modify cells' biosynthetic product output and develop conditions for growing the cells as BIOREACTORS.Cellulases: A family of glycosidases that hydrolyse crystalline CELLULOSE into soluble sugar molecules. Within this family there are a variety of enzyme subtypes with differing substrate specificities that must work together to bring about complete cellulose hydrolysis. They are found in structures called CELLULOSOMES.Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Gasoline: Volative flammable fuel (liquid hydrocarbons) derived from crude petroleum by processes such as distillation reforming, polymerization, etc.Clostridium thermocellum: A species of gram-positive, thermophilic, cellulolytic bacteria in the family Clostridaceae. It degrades and ferments CELLOBIOSE and CELLULOSE to ETHANOL in the CELLULOSOME.Conservation of Energy Resources: Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.Bioelectric Energy Sources: Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.Cellulose: A polysaccharide with glucose units linked as in CELLOBIOSE. It is the chief constituent of plant fibers, cotton being the purest natural form of the substance. As a raw material, it forms the basis for many derivatives used in chromatography, ion exchange materials, explosives manufacturing, and pharmaceutical preparations.Fossil Fuels: Any combustible hydrocarbon deposit formed from the remains of prehistoric organisms. Examples are petroleum, coal, and natural gas.Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.Ionic Liquids: Salts that melt below 100 C. Their low VOLATILIZATION can be an advantage over volatile organic solvents.Cellulase: An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-glucosidic linkages in CELLULOSE, lichenin, and cereal beta-glucans.Metabolic Networks and Pathways: Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.Bioengineering: The application of engineering principles and methods to living organisms or biological systems.1-Butanol: A four carbon linear hydrocarbon that has a hydroxy group at position 1.Butanols: Isomeric forms and derivatives of butanol (C4H9OH).Genetic Engineering: Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.Muramic Acids: Compounds consisting of glucosamine and lactate joined by an ether linkage. They occur naturally as N-acetyl derivatives in peptidoglycan, the characteristic polysaccharide composing bacterial cell walls. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Cellulosomes: Extracellular structures found in a variety of microorganisms. They contain CELLULASES and play an important role in the digestion of CELLULOSE.Synthetic Biology: A field of biological research combining engineering in the formulation, design, and building (synthesis) of novel biological structures, functions, and systems.Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.Plant Development: Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Petroleum: Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.XyloseAlcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Synechocystis: A form-genus of unicellular CYANOBACTERIA in the order Chroococcales. None of the strains fix NITROGEN, there are no gas vacuoles, and sheath layers are never produced.Xylans: Polysaccharides consisting of xylose units.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Trichoderma: A mitosporic fungal genus frequently found in soil and on wood. It is sometimes used for controlling pathogenic fungi. Its teleomorph is HYPOCREA.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Seaweed: Multicellular marine macroalgae including some members of red (RHODOPHYTA), green (CHLOROPHYTA), and brown (PHAEOPHYTA) algae. They are widely distributed in the ocean, occurring from the tide level to considerable depths, free-floating (planktonic) or anchored to the substratum (benthic). They lack a specialized vascular system but take up fluids, nutrients, and gases directly from the water. They contain CHLOROPHYLL and are photosynthetic, but some also contain other light-absorbing pigments. Many are of economic importance as FOOD, fertilizer, AGAR, potash, or source of IODINE.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Phaeophyta: A division of predominantly marine EUKARYOTA, commonly known as brown algae, having CHROMATOPHORES containing carotenoid PIGMENTS, BIOLOGICAL. ALGINATES and phlorotannins occur widely in all major orders. They are considered the most highly evolved algae because of their well-developed multicellular organization and structural complexity.Food Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.

Strategy for adapting wine yeasts for bioethanol production. (1/418)

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Airborne fungal and bacterial components in PM1 dust from biofuel plants. (2/418)

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Rate and peak concentrations of off-gas emissions in stored wood pellets--sensitivities to temperature, relative humidity, and headspace volume. (3/418)

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Protein engineering in designing tailored enzymes and microorganisms for biofuels production. (4/418)

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Emission of volatile aldehydes and ketones from wood pellets under controlled conditions. (5/418)

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Digestible and metabolizable energy content of crude glycerin originating from different sources in nursery pigs. (6/418)

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Effects of headspace and oxygen level on off-gas emissions from wood pellets in storage. (7/418)

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Properties of ethanol fermentation by Flammulina velutipes. (8/418)

Basidiomycetes have the ability to degrade lignocellulosic biomass, and some basidiomycetes produce alcohol dehydrogenase. These characteristics may be useful in the direct production of ethanol from lignocellulose. Ethanol fermentation by basidiomycetes was investigated to examine the possibility of ethanol production by consolidated bioprocessing (CBP) using Flammulina velutipes. F. velutipes converted D-glucose to ethanol with a high efficiency (a theoretical ethanol recovery rate of 88%), but ethanol production from pentose was not observed. These properties of F. velutipes are similar to those of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, but the basidiomycete converted not only sucrose, but also maltose, cellobiose, cellotriose, and cellotetraose to ethanol, with almost the same efficiency as that for D-glucose. From these results, we concluded that F. velutipes possesses advantageous characteristics for use in CBP.  (+info)

If you can imagine a future powered by sustainable food and fuels; if you can imagine a future where globalism means that appropriate technologies are employed where they work best to the globes greatest advantage; if you can imagine a future of cooperation and collaboration to work out humankinds tensions, then you see a future envisioned by Advanced Biofuels USA.. The future of the advanced biofuels industry is at a critical crossroads. In the US, the Renewable Fuel Standard has created a demand of 15 billion gallons/year of corn ethanol, an amount which covers about 10% of the US market and provides renewable octane by replacing carcinogenic MTBE. US and Brazilian sources have filled this demand. However, the US seems stuck on the 15 billion/year plateau providing no meaningful demand for advanced motor vehicle biofuels. Even the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) has little impact since it has not been used by the government to push for more investment in advanced biofuels. Once corn ethanol ...
If you can imagine a future powered by sustainable food and fuels; if you can imagine a future where globalism means that appropriate technologies are employed where they work best to the globes greatest advantage; if you can imagine a future of cooperation and collaboration to work out humankinds tensions, then you see a future envisioned by Advanced Biofuels USA.. The future of the advanced biofuels industry is at a critical crossroads. In the US, the Renewable Fuel Standard has created a demand of 15 billion gallons/year of corn ethanol, an amount which covers about 10% of the US market and provides renewable octane by replacing carcinogenic MTBE. US and Brazilian sources have filled this demand. However, the US seems stuck on the 15 billion/year plateau providing no meaningful demand for advanced motor vehicle biofuels. Even the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) has little impact since it has not been used by the government to push for more investment in advanced biofuels. Once corn ethanol ...
Data & statistics on Biodiesel production in the United states: Biodiesel Production in the United States, 2000-2010, Historical biodiesel production figures. Biodiesel production in the USA and the EU. Data were obtained from the National Biodiesel Board (http://www.biodiesel.org) and the European Biodiesel Board (http://www.ebb-eu.org) and converted to liters., Total economic, employment, and wage impacts of biodiesel production on the U.S. economy...
Other findings: * Continued support of R&D and initial commercialization is critical because sustained technological progress and commercial validation is a prerequisite to affordably producing the large volumes of ethanol considered in this study.. * Policy incentives such as a federal cap and trade program, carbon taxes, excise tax credits and loan guarantees for cellulosic biofuels are important to mitigate the risk of oil market volatility.. * The domestic investment for biofuels production is projected to be virtually the same as the investment required to sustain long-term domestic petroleum production.. * Cellulosic biofuels could compete without incentives with oil priced at $90 per barrel, assuming a reduction in total costs as advanced biofuels technologies mature.. * Large-scale cellulosic biofuel production could be achieved at or below current water consumption levels of petroleum fuels from on-shore oil production and refining.. The industrial processes by which nonfood forms of ...
An item of interest to ethanol producers and other supporters of ethanol is this announcement by EPA, as further clarified by this announcement by EERE: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced on November 17 that the 2009 renewable fuel standard (RFS) will require most refiners, importers, and non-oxygenate blenders of gasoline to displace 10.21% of their gasoline with renewable fuels such as ethanol. That requirement aims to ensure that at least 11.1 billion gallons of fuels will be sold in 2009. . . . While the RFS requirement is increasing by about 23%-from 9 billion gallons in 2008 to 11.1 billion gallons in 2009-the percentage requirement is increasing by nearly one third, from 7.76% in 2008 to 10.21% in 2009. The larger relative increase in the percentage requirement reflects the fact that fuel consumption is expected to be lower in 2009, so a greater percentage of renewable fuel is needed to reach 11.1 billion gallons of renewable fuels. ....
An item of interest to ethanol producers and other supporters of ethanol is this announcement by EPA, as further clarified by this announcement by EERE: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced on November 17 that the 2009 renewable fuel standard (RFS) will require most refiners, importers, and non-oxygenate blenders of gasoline to displace 10.21% of their gasoline with renewable fuels such as ethanol. That requirement aims to ensure that at least 11.1 billion gallons of fuels will be sold in 2009. . . . While the RFS requirement is increasing by about 23%-from 9 billion gallons in 2008 to 11.1 billion gallons in 2009-the percentage requirement is increasing by nearly one third, from 7.76% in 2008 to 10.21% in 2009. The larger relative increase in the percentage requirement reflects the fact that fuel consumption is expected to be lower in 2009, so a greater percentage of renewable fuel is needed to reach 11.1 billion gallons of renewable fuels. ....
Among various plant-derived biomass, starch and sugar crops are recognized as major feedstock for the first generation of biorefinery, whereas lignocellulosic biomass is regarded as the feedstock for the second generation. This chapter reviews primarily aspects of production, processing technology, and uses of industrial sugar and starch crops, as well as the future of these crops for biorefinery. The use of sugar crops (sugar cane, sugar beet, sweet sorghum) as the feedstock in biorefinery has a greater advantage in terms of crop reproduction and the conversion process over the starch crops. The major sources of starch crops for biorefinery include cereal grains (corn, wheat, and rice) and roots and tubers (potato and cassava). Either the use of sugar or starch crops individually can be achieved in biorefinery, but the integration of sugar- and starch-based biorefinery production can significantly improve the overall process economics and commercialization. ...
TY - BOOK. T1 - Process design, supply chain, economic and environmental analysis for chemical production in a glycerol biorefinery: Towards the sustainable design of biorefineries. AU - Loureiro da Costa Lira Gargalo, Carina. PY - 2017. Y1 - 2017. N2 - Drivers such as our deep dependence on fossil fuels availability and price volatility, global concern about climate change and social distress, are steering the economy to be more sustainable and based on a greater use of renewable resources. Therefore, the concept of integrated biorefineries has attracted much attention by aspiring at replacing fossil sources. However, as has been recently witnessed through multiple failures and the shutdown of biorefinery plants all over the world, a biobased economy that heavily depends on the production of biofuels, leads to unsatisfactory results. Thus, it seems that an economy based on the innovative and cost-efficient use of bio-resources for the production of both chemicals and biofuels/bioenergy, is in ...
Biogas production from organic materials can be used as a renewable vehicle fuel, provide heat and generate electricity and can thereby reduce the greenhouse gas emissions. This thesis focuses on the biogas production based on lignocelluloses. There is an abundant availability of lignocelluloses, constituting 50% of the total biomass worldwide. However, the biomass recalcitrance limits the microbial degradation as well as the biogas production from these types of materials. In the present work different pretreatment methods have been performed in order to decrease the biomass recalcitrance and improve the biogas production. Steam explosion pretreatment, together with the addition of sodium hydroxide and hydrogen peroxide, has been performed on lignocellulosic-rich paper tube residuals. The pretreatment has resulted in methane yields of up to 493 NmL/gVS, which is an increase by 107% compared with untreated material. Furthermore, the use of an organic solvent, N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO), ...
Biobased and Renewable Products Advocacy Group (BRAG®). Overview:. Biobased chemicals and biofuels are steadily taking root thanks to both popular appeal and political support. The consumer and political goals of reducing Americas dependence on foreign oil, enhancing national security, and greening the economy converge in biobased chemicals and advanced biofuels, the promising technology of producing commercial chemicals and fuels from renewable resources. With Congresss commitment to advanced biofuels found in the 2007 Energy Independence and Security Act, compelling incentives to invest in and support growth of biotechnologies has spurred record production. Some estimate biobased chemicals share of the global chemical industry will grow from 2 percent to 22 percent by 2025.. Much of the growth in biofuels technology development has been driven by the fuel-blending requirements set in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). But the RFS, along with ...
Fatty acid-derived biofuels can be a better solution than bioethanol to replace petroleum fuel, since they have similar energy content and combustion properties as current transportation fuels. The environmentally friendly microbial fermentation process has been used to synthesize advanced biofuels from renewable feedstock. Due to their robustness as well as the high tolerance to fermentation inhibitors and phage contamination, yeast strains such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Yarrowia lipolytica have attracted tremendous attention in recent studies regarding the production of fatty acid-derived biofuels, including fatty acids, fatty acid ethyl esters, fatty alcohols, and fatty alkanes. However, the native yeast strains cannot produce fatty acids and fatty acid-derived biofuels in large quantities. To this end, we have summarized recent publications in this review on metabolic engineering of yeast strains to improve the production of fatty acid-derived biofuels, identified the bottlenecks that ...
Towards Biodiesel Production Using Non-Lipid Biomass Biodiesel is technically defined as alkyl (usually methyl and ethyl) esters of long-chain fatty acids. When used as a fuel, biodiesel shows many merits, such as high energy density, more favorable combustion emission profile, improved lubricating properties, and others. It is also an environment-benign fuel comparing with petroleum-based diesel, as biodiesel is biodegradable, non-toxic, and essentially carbon dioxide neutral. Therefore, biodiesel is considered as an excellent renewable energy carrier. Biodiesel is now commercially manufactured through transesterification of lipids, or triacylglycerides (TAG) originated from plant seeds or animal tissues. Various renewable lipids were chosen as feedstock for biodiesel production. For example, European countries use rapeseed oil; USA, soybean oil; and the Southeast Asian countries, palm oil, etc. Current world TAG production with grassy oil crops or other woody oil plants produces around 120 ...
Midwest (PADD 2) Net Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, Barge and Rail from Other PADDs of Renewable Fuels (including Fuel Ethanol) (Thousand Barrels per Day ...
Global Renewable Fuel Market Report 2017 is a professional and deep research report in this field. For overview analysis, the report introduces Renewable Fuel basic information including definition, classification, application, industry chain structure, industry overview, policy analysis, and news analysis, etc.. For technical data and manufacturing plants analysis, the report analyzes Renewable Fuel leading suppliers on capacity, commercial production date, manufacturing plants distribution, R&D status, technology sources, and raw materials sources.The Report important aspects like development Trends , Capacity Production Overview,Production Market Share Analysis, Demand Overview and Supply Demand.Each market segment is then analyzed considering its contribution in terms of volume produced (in kilo tons) and the revenue it generates (in US$).The past price of 2012-2017 and future price of 2017-2022 are analyzed according to the supply-demand relation, as well as perspectives and ...
A complaint to the advertising watchdog by Guardian columnist and environmental campaigner George Monbiot has caused a national press ad claiming biofuels offer a sustainable alternative to oil to be banned.. The national press campaign, by the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA), was headed "OPEC rakes in billions, but blames biofuels - confused?". Copy in the ad formed an open letter to the president of OPEC, the oil producers cartel, from the "worlds biofuels industries." The open letter offered a defence against accusations that the presence of biofuels in the market has caused a 40% rise in oil prices.. "We are proud of our efforts to provide a lower priced, renewable fuel to the world today," stated the letter. It ended with the line "Biofuels - a lower priced, sustainable answer to OPECs oil.". Monbiot, who has previously argued against the idea of sustainable biofuels in the Guardian, lodged a complaint with the Advertising Standards Authority that the RFA claim in the press campaign ...
Generation of biofuels from sugars in lignocellulosic biomass is a promising alternative to liquid fossil fuels, but efficient and inexpensive bioprocessing configurations must be developed to make this technology commercially viable. One of the major barriers to commercialization is the recalcitrance of plant cell wall polysaccharides to enzymatic hydrolysis. Biomass pretreatment with ionic liquids (ILs) enables efficient saccharification of biomass, but residual ILs inhibit both saccharification and microbial fuel production, requiring extensive washing after IL pretreatment. Pretreatment itself can also produce biomass-derived inhibitory compounds that reduce microbial fuel production. Therefore, there are multiple points in the process from biomass to biofuel production that must be interrogated and optimized to maximize fuel production. Here, we report the development of an IL-tolerant cellulase cocktail by combining thermophilic bacterial glycoside hydrolases produced by a mixed consortia ...
Fireplaces are surely one of the most iconic parts of the chilling winter season. We have been using fireplaces to make our rooms cozy and warm during the winter season for a very long time. But now we are not limited to the traditional wood-burning fireplaces as the new bio-ethanol fireplaces are catching fire in the market. The modern bio-ethanol fireplaces are new-gen fireplaces that have become an important part of modern houses. Ease of use and small sizes have made bio-ethanol fireplace a new normal in the market.. From adding warmth to acting as a design element, these modern fireplaces serve many purposes. Bio-ethanol fireplaces indeed use bio-ethanol fuel that burns cleanly without smoke but it doesnt mean that you can be careless around it. Using your new bio-ethanol fireplace like Chelsea anywhere fireplace safely is very important because they do produce real flames. These modern fireplaces might look very stylish but it is important to use proper caution when using and lighting the ...
Nigerias state oil corporation has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Kebbi State Government (KBSG) to build a bioethanol plant.. The plant is expected to use cassava and sugarcane as a feedstock and produce 84 million litres of ethanol per year, the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) said in a statement.. The Nigerian government is investing in biofuels as it reduces its dependence on oil and diversifies its economy.. The MoU was signed on 16 November, 2017. Speaking at the signing, Maikanti Baru said the project will involve the development of 20,000 hectares of an integrated plantation and plant complex.. Biofuels production. Baru said: "Let me use this opportunity to convey my sincere appreciation to the Government of Kebbi State on her interest to partner NNPC in achieving the Federal Governments mandate on automotive biofuels production in Nigeria.. "Today is a watershed in the life of Kebbi State prime position as the food basket and feeder of the nation. ...
In recent years, the development of alternative fuels from renewable resources, like biomass, has received considerable attention. Biodiesel is defined as fatty acid methyl or ethyl esters from vegetable oils, when it is used as fuel in diesel engines and heating systems. In this context, the use of used frying oil (UFO) as a raw material for biodiesel production has gained special interest since it has provided a potential added value to what has traditionally been treated as a residue. Methyl or ethyl esters are the product of transesterification of vegetable oils with alcohol (methanol/ethanol) using an alkaline catalyst. In addition, the process yields glycerol, which has large applications in the pharmaceutical, food and plastics industries. In the present work, the process of biodiesel production for pilot plant using sunflower oil as raw material with methanol and using potassium hydroxide as catalyst has been studied providing a mass and energy balance of the process. The biodiesel ...
ABSTRACT: Bioethanol (fuel ethanol derived through fermentation) is now the leading biofuel alternative to fossil-based liquid transportation fuels. Current production is dominated by U.S. corn-based and Brazilian sugarcane-based processes. However, more sustainable future bioethanol production needs to be based on non-food substrates that use lignocellulosic biowastes. The brewing and distilling industry sectors are uniquely placed to exploit the conversion of lignocellulose to bioethanol, through the utilization of spent grains. Bioconversion of brewers spent grains (BSG) to fuel alcohol represents an attractive but challenging opportunity for sustainable bioethanol production. In addition to the technological and scientific challenges in bioethanol production from spent grains, there are also constraints relating to economics and energy balances. For example, enzyme costs need to be lowered, particularly considering cellulolysis of feedstock. Any innovations to decrease cellulase enzyme ...
The advantages of newly developed high biomass sorghum and pearl millet developed by ICRISAT and Indian Institute of Millets Research (IIMR) for use as feedstock in second generation or lignocellulosic (2G) biofuel production in India was highlighted at a recent workshop.. The advantageous traits of these dryland crops are wider adaptability, fast growth, high biomass production potential, resilience to drought, and non-compromise on food security as the grain is used for human consumption. The use of these crops in biofuel production has the potential of improving incomes of Indian farmers in the semi-arid regions.. India is a signatory to the UN Climate Change Paris Agreement (COP21) and biofuel production is one of the thrust areas identified to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The countrys ethanol production is mainly from sugarcane molasses. However, considering severe water shortages there is limited scope to increase the production of this water-intensive crop. Hence there is a need to ...
Vital to sustainable development is sustainable energy. Our current energy system is failing people and the planet. Substantial policy guidance, capacity building, innovative approaches and public investment are necessary to tackle climate change and poverty. Part of Fair ideas weekend-long exploration of sustainable solutions, Saturday 16th June will open up a space for researchers and practitioners to discuss best policy solutions like Feed-in tariffs for the global south, energy delivery models as well as low carbon pathways. Plenary sessions in the morning and afternoon will frame this day around access to energy. The aim is to foster a debate around key sustainable energy and universal access issues that will be happening during Rio+20 - including the UNs Sustainable Energy for All initiative - but their implications will reach far beyond 2012. ...
Get the market size and market potential of 2G and 3G biofuels from EAI. We offer customized market research assistance on various next-generation biofuels like algae-based biofuels, cellulosic ethanol, syngas biofuel, syngas biodiesel. Our assistance also covers in detail the market dynamics for 2G and 3 G biofuels along with emerging trends and technologies; regulatory framework, investment potential and more.
The feedstocks used for the production of bio-based chemicals have recently expanded from edible sugars to inedible and more recalcitrant forms of lignocellulosic biomass. To produce bio-based chemicals from renewable polysaccharides, several bioprocessing approaches have been developed and include separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF), simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF), and consolidated bioprocessing (CBP). In the last decade, SHF, SSF, and CBP have been used to generate macromolecules and aliphatic and aromatic compounds that are capable of serving as sustainable, drop-in substitutes for petroleum-based chemicals. The present review focuses on recent progress in the bioprocessing of microbially produced chemicals from renewable feedstocks, including starch and lignocellulosic biomass. In particular, the technological feasibility of bio-based chemical production is discussed in terms of the feedstocks and different bioprocessing approaches, including the consolidation of enzyme
Professor Mathews said: "Branding all biofuels from developing countries as unsustainable and blocking exports of these fuels to developed nations is disguised protectionism.. "Agriculture in developing countries in the tropics can be more sustainable if it features good practice, because of lower energy inputs, lower water inputs and lower carbon footprints. And good practice can be assured by a Biopact.". "A global Biopact could include measures to prevent clearing rainforest for biofuels production, for example. If markets in the North for responsibly produced biofuels are opened, then fuels grown irresponsibly can effectively be banned.". Opening up the markets could also allow EU countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by importing carbon-neutral biofuels grown in the tropical "South". Professor Mathews lent support to the idea that carbon credits could be earned by maintaining rainforests intact. ...
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Petroleum based fuels are considered as main sources of worlds energy including coal, natural gas and petroleum oil fractions. However, due to oil reserves limitation, unstable oil price and extensive emissions of greenhouse gases, which are the main cause of global warming, make the petroleum-based energy unreliable. Consequently, it is essential to find an alternative renewable, green and sustainable source of energy for fossil fuels replacement. Biodiesel has been considered as an important renewable fuel in the worldwide markets, due its economic and environmental benefits. In spite of its lower heating value, biodiesel has its advantages over petroleum based diesel fuel: it is biodegradable and nontoxic, it provides free sulphur and aromatics combustion and it is a greener fuel as it emits lower carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon. Waste cooking oil (WCO) has been recognised as a significant feedstock for biodiesel production. It provides more sustainability for the product since it includes ...
Enzymatic biodiesel is becoming an increasingly popular topic in bioenergy literature because of its potential to overcome the problems posed by chemical processes. However, the high cost of the enzymatic process still remains the main drawback for its industrial application, mostly because of the high price of refined oils. Unfortunately, low cost substrates, such as crude soybean oil, often release a product that hardly accomplishes the final required biodiesel specifications and need an additional pretreatment for gums removal. In order to reduce costs and to make the enzymatic process more efficient, we developed an innovative system for enzymatic biodiesel production involving a combination of a lipase and two phospholipases. This allows performing the enzymatic degumming and transesterification in a single step, using crude soybean oil as feedstock, and converting part of the phospholipids into biodiesel. Since the two processes have never been studied together, an accurate analysis of the
Enzymatic biodiesel is becoming an increasingly popular topic in bioenergy literature because of its potential to overcome the problems posed by chemical processes. However, the high cost of the enzymatic process still remains the main drawback for its industrial application, mostly because of the high price of refined oils. Unfortunately, low cost substrates, such as crude soybean oil, often release a product that hardly accomplishes the final required biodiesel specifications and need an additional pretreatment for gums removal. In order to reduce costs and to make the enzymatic process more efficient, we developed an innovative system for enzymatic biodiesel production involving a combination of a lipase and two phospholipases. This allows performing the enzymatic degumming and transesterification in a single step, using crude soybean oil as feedstock, and converting part of the phospholipids into biodiesel. Since the two processes have never been studied together, an accurate analysis of the
Have questions about ethanol? Start here! The following research was compiled by the Illinois Corn Marketing Board for the U.S. Grains Council. Whether you have no idea what fuel ethanol is all about or you want to fill in some education gaps, theres something within these pages for you. Download and read Fuel Ethanol: The Future of Clean Octane, today by clicking the button below. Click here!
D7576 - 16 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Total Aromatics in Denatured Fuel Ethanol by Gas Chromatography , aromatics, benzene, denatured fuel ethanol, ethylbenzene, gas chromatography, toluene, xylenes,,
China Manufacture Long Life Re-Boiler in Fuel Ethanol Project, Find details about China Heat Exchanger, Tubular Heat Exchanger from China Manufacture Long Life Re-Boiler in Fuel Ethanol Project - Feicheng Jinta Machinery Co., Ltd.
The use of lignocellulosic biomass as a substrate in agricultural biogas plants is very popular and yields good results. However, the efficiency of anaerobic digestion, and thus biogas production, is not always satisfactory due to the slow or incomplete degradation (hydrolysis) of plant matter. To enhance the solubilization of the lignocellulosic biomass various physical, chemical and biological pretreatment methods are used.The aim of this study was to select and characterize cellulose-degrading bacteria, and to construct a microbial consortium, dedicated for degradation of maize silage and enhancing biogas production from this substrate.Over one hundred strains of cellulose-degrading bacteria were isolated from: sewage sludge, hydrolyzer from an agricultural biogas plant, cattle slurry and manure. After physiological characterization of the isolates, sixteen strains (representatives of Bacillus, Providencia and Ochrobactrum genera) were chosen for the construction of a Microbial Consortium with High
Real transportation fuels, such as gasoline and diesel, are mixtures of thousands of different hydrocarbons. For multidimensional engine applications, numerical simulations of combustion of real fuels with all of the hydrocarbon species included exceeds present computational capabilities. Consequently, surrogate fuel models are normally utilized. A good surrogate fuel model should approximate the essential physical and chemical properties of the real fuel. In this work, we present a novel methodology for the formulation of surrogate fuel models based on local optimization and sensitivity analysis technologies. Within the proposed approach, several important fuel properties are considered. Under the physical properties, we focus on volatility, density, lower heating value (LHV), and viscosity, while the chemical properties relate to the chemical composition, hydrogen to carbon (H/C) ratio, and ignition behavior. An error tolerance is assigned to each property for convergence checking. In ...
The Renewable Fuels Association released its 2020 Ethanol Industry Outlook and Pocket Guide today at the 25th annual National Ethanol Conference-two publications and a major event that are known around the world as the go-to sources for reliable information and perspective on Americas ethanol industry. As appropriate for this year, they share a common theme: Focus Forward.. "Without a doubt, 2019 proved to be a challenging year," RFA President and CEO Geoff Cooper writes in the introduction. "But at the dawn of a new decade, there are optimistic signs on the horizon. Thus, this Outlook indeed has put the Focus Forward. As has been the hallmark of the RFA and the industry for decades, we will do the work necessary to open markets here and abroad, providing savings to consumers, value-added markets for farmers, and energy and environmental security for all of America. The Renewable Fuels Association will continue to lead.". The annual Outlook publication provides policymakers, regulators, ...
The proposed plant to convert sunlight and carbon dioxide to transportation fuels will utilize a Counter-Rotating Ring Receiver Reactor Recuperator (CR5) to convert carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide gas and oxygen gas. The CR5 is a solar chemical heat engine that provides an environment for the continuous reduction/oxidation of iron oxide, which allows for the reaction of carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide and oxygen. The plant will contain 150 CR5s each attached to its own parabolic mirror dish in order to collect sunlight. A carbon dioxide feed of approximately 25,070 kg/hr will be used to produce 9,520 kg/hr carbon monoxide. The devices will then feed a mixture of carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide gas to both a water gas shift reactor and a Fischer-Tropsch reactor. The Fischer- Tropsch reactor will use the carbon monoxide along with hydrogen gas produced from the water gas shift reactor to produce a range of hydrocarbon products following an Anderson- Schulz-Flory distribution centered around
Engineers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have developed a two-stage process for converting biomass-derived sugar into 2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF), a liquid transportation fuel with 40% greater energy density than ethanol. The work by Professor James Dumesic and his research team, reported in the 21 June issue of the journal Nature, leverages...
Sie sind hier: Transportation Fuels from Renewable Hydrogen and Green Carbon Dioxide - A Technical, Economic, and Environmental Evaluation. ...
Purchase Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780444595928, 9780444595898
As the chief lobbyist for the Advanced Biofuels Association, Michael McAdams advocates for many different technologies, pathways and products, which are all seeking federal support to help get a foot in the door of the fuel market.
A method for treating plant materials to release fermentable sugars is disclosed. More specifically, an enzymatic hydrolysis process for treating lignocellulosic materials performed under vacuum and producing a sugar rich process stream that may subsequently be subjected to fermentation to produce biofuels and chemicals is disclosed.
Perhaps the corporate exodus from biotech-oriented advanced biofuels bodes well for KiOR (NASDAQOTH:KIORQ), which recently commenced commercial operations at its first drop-in (not blends) cellulosic gasoline and diesel biorefinery. Although the facility will have a nameplate capacity of just 13 mmgy it utilizes thermocatalytic cracking technology that is well understood. The modular process allows for easy replication and scale-up - something the company is eying for the 2014 launch of a 40 mmgy facility in Natchez, Miss.. The company isnt producing cellulosic ethanol, but its fuels do qualify for all RFS waivers possible for advanced biofuels. As a result, KiOR expects their RINs to be worth up to a whopping $2.36 per gallon in 2013. Given a projected selling price of $2.88 per gallon the company could pocket a total of $5.24 per gallon of fuel sold this year. More advanced fuels, such as those derived from algae or other biotechnology platforms, will have more difficult time getting to the ...
Abstract: As global warming and climate change issues are defying modern society sustainable development; biofuels, biodiesel included, are among promising solutions. Biodiesel is generally produced from renewable vegetable oils and animal fats via acid or base catalyzed transesterification. Depending on regional availability, biodiesel production feedstocks vary from vegetable oils such as rapeseed oil, soya oil, palm oil, and jatropha oil, to used cooking oil and animal fats, with each type of feedstock presenting its own process challenges rooting from its chemical composition. This paper reports about biodiesel production from crude palm oil on a pilot plant scale, subsequent to a laboratory scale investigation of biodiesel synthesis from various vegetable oil feedstocks. Prior to transesterification, pretreatment processes have been applied due to the fact that crude palm oil as a biodiesel feedstock possesses a high free fatty acid (FFA) content, water, solid impurities and waxes, all of ...
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is exercising its authority and enforcing the requirements of the Clean Air Acts renewable fuel standard (RFS) program. The EPA issued twenty-four notices of violation on November 7, 2011, to petroleum refiners, importers and exporters of renewable fuel. Following a filing last month of criminal charges of wire fraud, money laundering, and violations of the Clean Air Act (CAA) against an individual, Rodney R. Hailey, the EPA issued civil notices of violations (NOVs) to the entities that relied upon the allegedly invalid Renewable Identification Numbers (RINs) generated by Mr. Hailey. The companies involved are obligated parties under the RFS program and thereby, subject to Renewable Volume Obligations (RVOs) designed to demonstrate compliance with the renewable fuel standards set by Congress -- 36 billion gallons by 2022.. Under the CAAs current renewable fuel standards (RFS2), various entities throughout the renewable fuel supply chain including ...
Ethanol from biomass is an attractive and sustainable energy source for transportation fuel to substitute gasoline. Second generation ethanol production utilizes cheaper and non-food feed stocks like lignocelluloses or municipal solid waste, could make ethanol more competitive to fossil fuels. Basically, most of the raw materials used for the production of bioethanol were corn grain and sugar cane. However, it is also important to see the potential of the other agricultural raw materials rich in fermentable carbohydrates such as tomato wastes and wheat straw since it is available in Palestine and cheaper compared to the others. The aim of the present study is the production of low cost cellulosic ethanol using basically the agro wastes like tomato waste and wheat straw and make a comparison between the efficiency of free and immobilized yeast cells in calcium alginate matrix with microwave-assisted acidic pretreatment. In this study we have investigate the efficiency of immobilization technique ...
During the CTIC Indian Creek Watershed Project field tour we heard a presentation from Cristina Negri, an agronomist with the Argonne National Laboratory. Cristina told us about a project they are working on in the watershed to see what types of agricultural production will work best for biofuels. Theyre looking for marginal land that doesnt lend itself to growing corn and looking at alternative crops. Efficiently using nitrogen will be important to whatever crop is found to work best for biofuels. The name of the project is "Biomass Production and Nitrogen Recovery." You can read about it here (pdf ...
Chromatin, Inc. and Calgren Renewable Fuels, an ethanol producer located in Pixley, CA, announced an alliance to develop a local supply chain for sorghum for the production of fuel ethanol and distillers grains. The multi-year agreement covers up to 30,000 acres of sorghum grain to be grown and supplied to...
The National Farmers Union farmer expert on biofuels, Brett Askew, said that the result will do nothing but limit the scope of these potential benefits by imposing scientifically questionable ILUC factors and a cap on the contribution crop based biofuels can make in achieving the minimum of 10 per cent Renewable Transport Fuel by 2020. The NFU said that the proposed cap on the volume of crops allowed to be used for biofuel processing will further expose farmers to market volatility as it will narrow the biofuels market for wheat, oilseed rape and sugar beet.. Mr Askew, who is the NFU Crops Board Chairman for the North East of England, said: "Legislators have clearly been bullied into this U-turn by a series of environmental and social pressure groups that, until recently, stood shoulder to shoulder with industry and praised the potential contribution of biofuels in decarbonising the transport sector.". Accordingly. NFU is urging UK MEPs to reject a draft law limiting the amount of crops involved ...
ST. PAUL, Minn. (AP) - Sen. Al Franken says the Obama administration may scale back projected cuts to ethanol and other renewable fuels production.. An Environmental Protection Agency proposal for renewable fuel standards would reduce by almost 3 billion gallons the amounts of ethanol and other biofuels blended into gasoline in 2014 than the law requires.. After discussing the proposal with a White House official on Thursday, Franken says he believes the EPA will reduce the size of cuts. He still expects an overall drop in renewable fuel quotas.. The EPA established those quotas after Congress passed energy legislation in 2007, aiming to reduce foreign oil demand and greenhouse gas emissions.. Minnesota is one of the nations largest ethanol producers. Franken says there is no reason to curtail production of renewable fuels.. ...
Conversion of biomass, cellulosic or lignocellulosic materials, and other polymeric and oligomeric materials to produce renewable chemicals, renewable fuels, and renewable energy for others; Conversion of biomass, cellulosic or lignocellulosic materials, and other polymeric and oligomeric materials to monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, sugar substitutes, cellulosic ethanol, lignin, organic acids, and other organic products for others; Manufacture of monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, sugar substitutes, cellulosic ethanol, lignin, organic acids, and other organic products from biomass, cellulosic or lignocellulosic materials, or other polymeric and oligomeric materials for others ...
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering research on sustainable energy. It is published in 12 issues per year by Elsevier and the editor-in-chief is L. Kazmerski (National Renewable Energy Laboratory). According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2015 impact factor of 6.798.[1] The Journal considers articles based on the themes of Energy resources, Applications, Utilization, Environment, Techno-socio-economic aspects, systems, and sustainability.[2] In 2018, the journal accidentally retracted an article from the journal because of "human error". The article has since been reinstated in the journal.[3] ...
U.S. ethanol exports surged to 119.2 million gallons (mg) in May, up 37% from April shipments, according to government data released this morning and analyzed by the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA). The total represented a new record for the month of May and was 75% higher than year-ago shipments. Brazil and Canada were again the top destinations for U.S. exports, combining to receive 80% of total exports in May. Brazil imported 64.3 mg in May, while Canada took in 31.3 mg of U.S. ethanol. Year-to-date U.S. ethanol exports stood at 594 mg through May, indicating an annualized export total of 1.43 billion gallons.. Through May, Brazil has imported 255.1 mg of U.S. ethanol, compared to 279.1 mg for the entire 2016 calendar year.. Exports of undenatured fuel ethanol hit 82.0 mg in May, up 45% from April. At 63.3 mg, Brazil was the top buyer of undenatured product for fuel use. The Philippines was a distant second at 5.6 mg, followed by South Korea (4.2 mg), Singapore (2.7 mg), and Colombia (2.1 ...
Welcome to our online rolling collection of the hottest work published in Sustainable Energy and Fuels. Here we feature all 2017 Sustainable Energy and Fuels articles highlighted as HOT by the handling editor or our referees. Congratulations to all the authors whose articles are featured.. ...
While the individual need for dosage of nickel and cobalt in anaerobic digesters has been established, together with the biochemistry underpinning such need; their co-requisite in anaerobic digestion of acetate has not been extensively studied. In addition, the balance between the catalytic and toxic concentrations of nickel and cobalt in anaerobic acetate digesters is not well documented. The aim of this study was to examine and evaluate the effects of individual and combined dosage of nickel and cobalt on biogas production as well as on methanogenic population balance of a mesophilic (37°C) anaerobic acetate digester so as to determine their catalytic and toxic concentrations. Four semi-CSTR digesters were daily fed acetate at a loading rate of 1.8 g L-1 d-1 and were operated at a HRT of 10 days for this investigation. Co-dosage of nickel and cobalt in anaerobic acetate digesters were found to lead to increased biogas production in an additive manner, with the sole dosage of nickel resulting ...
A 100-year-old former tannery warehouse in Boston is undergoing a major renovation to remake the structure as a living laboratory for sustainable energy and energy efficiency research. The $22 million project will allow researchers at the Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems(CSE) to investigate innovative green building strategies, including phase-change materials within the buildings walls, analysis of how energy is transferred to where it is needed most, and how the building generates power. Corporate partners are kicking in $2.7 million in advanced building energy technologies and services, and will participate in research projects ...
ad.) March 31st, 2014﻽ - In response to the Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) announcement it will halt new petitions for renewable fuel pathways for approximately six months, the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) today urged the agency to speed up rather than slow down the Petition Process for New Renewable Fuel Pathways under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). EPA first established the petition process in March 2010, as it finalized the rules for the RFS. Brent Erickson, Executive Vice President of BIOs Industrial & Environmental Section, said, "EPAs effort to improve the petition process for new renewable fuel pathways under the RFS is welcome. But the agency should aim to complete this review process in a more timely manner. "Advanced biofuel companies need a pathway to the fuel market in order to attract necessary investment to build and start up new production facilities that create new jobs. The lengthy wait for approval of new pathways chills job creation and investment ...
The role of venture capital funding in future biofuels production is "much higher" than expected, according to a PricewaterhouseCoopers survey.. Some 54 percent of biofuels industry respondents to PwCs 2014 Biofuels Market Insights Survey say venture capital will be a source of biofules funding in the next 12 to 24 months.. However, corporate research and development was the funding source named most frequently by respondents. Some 80 percent of those surveyed named it as a potential funding source over the same time period, followed by private equity (68 percent) and government (63 percent).. Some 85 percent of respondents are confident or cautiously optimistic in company prospects for revenue growth over the next year compared to 14 percent who are concerned, according to the survey.. Renewable diesel is the biofuel most likely to reach mass production quickly, according to the survey. Some 65 percent expect renewable diesel to reach 1 billion gallons or more in global production volume by ...
What about co-processing biofuels and petroleum at refineries, to reduce capex and opex?. "Even at low biofeed blending levels, the disparity in hydrogen requirements can lead to problems in co-processing biofeeds with petroleum feeds. Reported difficulties include hydrogen starvation and excessive pressure drops within hydrotreating units, as well as poor desulfurization (of the petroleum feed fraction) through coking and deactivation of hydrotreating catalysts. As a consequence of these issues, HVO biofuels are currently produced in commercially significant volumes in stand-alone facilities using specialised conditions and catalysts.". OK, is that the only reason that more HVO drop-in fuels are not yet available?. "One of the major reasons why there has not yet been more extensive deployment of HVO biofuel technologies is that the selling price of the vegetable oil feedstocks has historically been higher than the selling price of diesel and jet fuels. Vegetable oils such as palm and rapeseed ...
He defined urban waste as "organic wastes from home like food, paper, wood and dung," and added that any carbon-based material can be used for biodiesel production under the Ecofa process. "For many years, I wondered why there are pools of oil in some mountains," he said, explaining the reasoning behind his invention. "After delving into the issue, I realized that [those oil deposits] were produced by decomposing organic living microorganisms." This, in Angulos mind, sparked the idea that food waste and bacteria could be turned into fatty acids that could react into biodiesel. Two types of bacteria are under further development by Biotit Scientific Biotechnology Laboratory in Seville, Spain: E. coli and Firmicutes. The Ecofa process also produces methane gas, and inconvertible solids that can be used as a soil amendment or fertilizer. "There is a huge variety of bacteria," Angulo said. "Currently, [biodiesel producers] receive a fat that must be processed through transesterification into ...
KMs factory activity in Margoyoso produces liquid and solid wastes. The possible alternative was to use the liquid effluent as biogas raw material. This study focuses on the used of urea, ruminant, yeast, microalgae, the treatment of gelled and ungelled feed for biogas production, pH control during biogas production using buffer Na2CO3, and feeding management in the semi- continuous process of biogas production that perform at ambient temperature for 30 days. Ruminant bacteria, yeast, urea, and microalgae was added 10% (v/v), 0.08% (w/v), 0.04% (w/v), 50% (v/v) of mixing solution volume, respectively. The pH of slurry was adjusted with range 6.8-7.2 and was measured daily and corrected when necessary with Na2CO3. The total biogas production was measured daily by the water displacement technique. Biogas production from the ungelling and gelling mixture of cassava starch effluent, yeast, ruminant bacteria, and urea were 726.43 ml/g total solid and 198 ml/g total solid. Biogas production from ...
Sandia scientist Ron Pate noted that Sandia is bringing into play its scientific and engineering expertise to grow and process specific types of algae for biofuels and other useful coproducts. Sandias work in this area ties into broader biofuels efforts supported by DOEs Office of Biomass Program (OBP) that focus on addressing challenges to commercially viable algal biofuels production. This includes participation in the development of the National Algal Biofuels Technology Roadmap Report, which is still in preparation and partnering with others on proposals to establish consortia for algal biofuels and for advanced fungible biofuels with potential funding from OBP. The Algal Biofuels Consortium specifically proposes a broad-based collaboration with Sandia and other national labs, industry and university partners that would pursue research and development of algal biofuels as an affordable, scaleable and sustainable solution that can contribute significantly to meeting the nations ...
While biofuels may be safe, assuming there are no long-term side affects, its merely another manifestation of an unrelenting, and unthinking, campaign to cut CO2 emissions to save the planet from climate change.. The reason for using biofuels, as stated by United, is that biofuels are "sustainable and will reduce greenhouse gasses.". However, Uniteds fundamental premise, that biofuels are sustainable, is terribly flawed.. Assuming biofuels are safe, they will be hard pressed to replace jet fuel made from oil, as there arent sufficient feed stocks available to replace the jet fuel used by the airline industry.. One could say, using biofuels with passengers as guinea pigs is a publicity stunt, but since the use of biofuels hasnt been widely advertised, except in its news release, it may merely be a trial balloon.. This is another case where politically correctness is absurd.. Worldwide jet fuel consumption in 2012 was nearly 2 billion barrels.. Based on forecast growth of miles flown by the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Techno-economic and life cycle analysis of different types of hydrolysis process for the production of p-Xylene. AU - Athaley, Abhay. AU - Annam, Praneeth. AU - Saha, Basudeb. AU - Ierapetritou, Marianthi. PY - 2019/2/2. Y1 - 2019/2/2. N2 - The need for producing renewable chemicals and fuels from lignocellulosic biomass has increased due to economic and environment reasons. However, most of the chemicals studied to date are produced using sugars, which is readily available from biomass as their starting raw materials rather than lignocellulose, which increase the minimum selling price of produced chemicals. In this work a novel one-step saccharification (combining pretreatment and hydrolysis) process of biomass using molten salt hydrates (MSHs), an inorganic salt solution, to produce sugars and further integration of the upstream process to produce p-Xylene is investigated. We compared our one-step process with reported commercial relevant dilute acid (DA) and concentrated acid ...
Biofuels are a major element of Brazilian geopolitics and diplomacy. They replace fossil fuels, thereby underpinning national energy security and contribute to Brazilian exports and influence in the world. Biofuels are also one of the GHG mitigation options in the Brazilian climate change regime. However, once land-use related emissions from biofuel crop production are considered, the environmental payoff is measurably diluted, illustrating one area where two mitigation instruments - biofuel production and deforestation control - can clash. Decisions on how land should be used, whether for food, biofuel production or environmental preservation are therefore crucial, intertwined as they are with land tenure systems and geopolitical discourses and practices. The thesis investigates the connections between biofuel and deforestation control policies in the Brazilian Amazon with two case studies in the state of Mato Grosso. With a qualitative methodology, the case studies analyse the political ...
Lallemand Biofuels & Distilled Spirits (LBDS) was well represented at the 32nd annual International Fuel Ethanol Workshop and Expo held in Milwaukee, WI on June
CHILOANE, E.K.; KANENGONI, A.T. and SIEBRITS, F.K.. Effect of crude glycerol from South African biodiesel production on growth, carcass characteristics and pork quality of pigs. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2013, vol.43, n.2, pp.159-166. ISSN 2221-4062.. A study was carried out to evaluate the effects of dietary inclusion of crude glycerol as a partial replacement of maize at 50 g/kg and 100 g/kg in pig grower diets. Three experimental diets were formulated, a control (CN) and two diets containing 50 g/kg (low glycerol (LG)) and 100 g/kg (high glycerol (HG)) glycerol. The experimental diets were fed in a growth and carcass evaluation study to 60 Large White crossbred pigs (30 males and 30 females) weighing 21 ± 1.6 kg. There were no differences between the glycerol inclusion levels in daily gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio and carcass traits of the pigs. Gilts had a higher dressing percentage and lower backfat thickness than boars. They also had shorter carcasses and a lower drip ...
Define, plan, or execute biofuels/biodiesel research programs that evaluate alternative feedstock and process technologies with near-term commercial potential.. Sample of reported job titles: Analytical Research Program Manager, Biodiesel Division Manager, Biofuels Manager, Chief Technology Officer (CTO), Laboratory Manager (Lab Manager), Manager of Business Development and New Technology, Project Development Director, Scientist, Senior Research Associate, Senior Research Scientist ...
The shift to a renewable fuel resource has been a target for many years now. However, most of its production is with the use of corn ethanol. In the year 2000, only 6.2 billion liters were produced in the United States, but this number has expanded over 800% to 50 billion litres in just a decade (2010).[46] Government pressures to shift to renewable fuel resources have been apparent since the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency implemented the 2007 Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), which required that a certain percentage of renewable fuel be included in fuel products. The shift to cellulosic ethanol production from corn ethanol has been strongly promoted by the US government.[47] Even with these policies in place and the governments attempts to create a market for cellulose ethanol, there was no commercial production of this fuel in 2010 and 2011.[48] The Energy Independence and Security Act originally set goals of 100 million, 250 million, and 500 million gallons for the years 2010, 2011, and ...
Algal biofuels represent various methods to produce highly reduced hydrocarbons from carbon dioxide using solar energy as the power source and algae, typically microalgae, as the machinery. The primary driving point for photosynthesis powered biofuels is that they do not increase the net carbon content in the air; every molecule of CO2 released during combustion came from one molecule of CO2 fixed during photosynthesis. Since their energy source is sunlight, algal biofuels are considered renewable. Algae are top choices in biofuel engineering due to their far greater photosynthetic efficiency and low growth requirements. In addition, countries that lack reserves of fossil fuels may desire economic independence by reducing imports through domestic fuel product. ...
Algal biofuels represent various methods to produce highly reduced hydrocarbons from carbon dioxide using solar energy as the power source and algae, typically microalgae, as the machinery. The primary driving point for photosynthesis powered biofuels is that they do not increase the net carbon content in the air; every molecule of CO2 released during combustion came from one molecule of CO2 fixed during photosynthesis. Since their energy source is sunlight, algal biofuels are considered renewable. Algae are top choices in biofuel engineering due to their far greater photosynthetic efficiency and low growth requirements. In addition, countries that lack reserves of fossil fuels may desire economic independence by reducing imports through domestic fuel product. ...
Moderator: And Im going to try as hard as I can to meet that promise and as soon as everyone gets miked up, well start the panel. Our next topic is a completely noncontroversial one, biofuels. Im sure well have nothing to debate about or have any disagreements. And Im very excited to see if we can get some clarity on some of the key issues on biofuels. For example, can biofuels displace oil and carbon, but not food? Can they be produced close to home and be renewable as they are now, but can they be low carbon and low food? It seems these are some of the key questions and were going to get to them right now. To lead the discussion Im very happy to have Monica Trauzzi here from E&E TV. If youre like me, youre probably used to seeing Monica about this big on your computer screen and Im happy to say shes life-sized, so thats great. So its great to see Monica here at life-sized. And I watch your show religiously, I urge you all to as well. She covers the hottest topics at the right ...
Sioux Falls, SD (October 23, 2019) - A coalition of renewable fuel and agricultural trade organizations filed a petition Tuesday afternoon with the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, challenging the process by which the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) exempted certain unknown small refineries from their respective Renewable Fuel Standard obligations for 2018. The coalition includes the American Coalition for Ethanol, Growth Energy, National Biodiesel Board, National Corn Growers Association, National Farmers Union, and Renewable Fuels Association.. Unlike previous years, EPAs entire decision document was only two pages long, the coalition noted in their petition. In these short two pages, EPA purported to resolve 36 pending petitions for disproportionate economic hardship exemptions - a decision that exempted small refineries from having to blend almost one and a half billion gallons of renewable fuel. The brief document does not reveal any details and contains ...
In the meantime, those of us that have to pay for our household heating fuels have a choice to make with respect to which fuels we burn. The evidence Ive provided demonstrates that turf makes the least environmental and economic sense of all our household fuel options. You could even argue that turf has both the disadvantages of a fossil fuel and a renewable fuel without any of the benefits of renewable fuels. Like fossil fuels, turf is essentially non-renewable (taking thousands of years to form) and produces larger carbon dioxide emissions while having a much lower heating capacity compared to any fossil fuel. Like many renewable fuels, turf harvesting is a seasonal activity and thus dependent on weather conditions. In fact, its dependency on fair weather is higher than any renewable fuel, making it a risky fuel source to invest in given projections for future climate change. ...
Leslie Smith2017-01-17T09:22:29+00:00April 18th, 2007,News,Comments Off on Peak Soil: Why cellulosic ethanol, biofuels are unsustainable and a threat to America ...
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Ive been asked why I dont post more on ethanol. Okay hows this grab ya, via AgWeb:. The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) says as consumers throughout the world face record oil and food prices, the impact of ethanol production is being criticized rather than appreciated for helping to keep oil prices lower than they otherwise would be. It is also often overlooked that prices for commodities like wheat and rice have risen higher than others and that these are crops not used in ethanol production, says the group.. ...
Provides government with the information needed to launch a competition for the creation of UK advanced biofuel production facilities.
The August reading showed a decline in U.S. chemical production on both monthly and year-over-year comparison basis across all regions.
Ample biodiesel feedstock is available to meet the short-term goals of RFS2, but researchers all around the country diligently work to build out the feedstock base
In the United States, several companies are venturing into the field of algal biofuels. Algae have indisputable advantages as a biofuel feedstock. Of all the green fuel options, algae alone seem to possess the potential to provide renewable oil in quantities adequately large to substantially displace petroleum-based fuels, say experts. Large-scale production of algal biofuels is still 5-10 years away, say officials from Exxon Mobil, which is in partnership with Synthetic Genomics to produce algae-based biofuels.. Microscopic algae yield up to 100 times more oil per acre than soybeans and other common biodiesel feedstock, according to Ms. Mary Rosenthal, Executive Director of Algal Biomass Organization. Microalgae can be up to 80 per cent oil by dry weight, although that number is for wild strains that are slow growers, according to Dr. Margaret McCormick of the technology company Targeted Growth. Genetically engineered microalgae, such as those created by Targeted Growth, approach 35-45 per cent ...
It is commonly believed that the response of the price of corn ethanol (and hence of the price of corn) to shifts in biofuel policies operates in part through market expectations and shifts in storage demand, yet to date it has proved difficult to measure these expectations and to empirically evaluate this view. We quantify the extent to which price changes were anticipated by the market, the extent to which they were unanticipated, and how the risk premium in these markets has evolved. We show that the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) increased ethanol price expectations by as much $1.50 initially, raising ethanol storage demand starting and causing an increase in the price of ethanol. There is no conclusive evidence that the tightening of the RFS in 2008 shifted market expectations, but our analysis suggests that policy uncertainty about how to deal with the blend wall raised the risk premium in the ethanol futures market in mid-2013 by as much as 50 cents at longer horizons. Finally, we present ...
Refining District Texas Gulf Coast Refinery Net Production of Conventional Motor Gasoline with Fuel Ethanol (Thousand Barrels ...
The International Fuel Ethanol Workshop & Expo is the largest gathering of private and public sector ethanol professionals in the world. Your customers will be here seeking tailored solutions to the unique challenges they face. Attendees will include current and future producers of ethanol, industry vendors, technology providers, equipment manufacturers, project developers, investors and policymakers. Demonstrate your commitment to the future of the ethanol industry and plan to exhibit at this once-a-year opportunity ...
Amid the oil industrys all-out blitz to kill a government mandate for corn-based ethanol, biodiesel producers say they have a solution that could help everyone involved.. It goes like this: Buy more biodiesel.. That proposal may not be so far-fetched.. Federal mandates require fuel producers to buy and blend specific amounts of ethanol and other biofuels. But those mandates have increased to levels that the oil industry says are nearly impossible for it to meet and have driven up prices.. Refiners say that they cant blend more than 10 percent ethanol into their gasoline for safe operation in many vehicles, but government mandates currently require them to surpass that total.. Biofuels: Ethanol brawl heats up between oil and corn industries. Biodiesel makers, however, say that if refiners buy more biodiesel they can satisfy their requirements for more corn-based ethanol under current rules from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.. Biodiesel, made from used cooking oils, discarded animal ...
Information as presented at the 2019 Fuel Ethanol Workshop (FEW). This presentation focuses on efficiency factors within the ethanol Dehydration Unit. FEW- ...
The Delta State government said it would partner the Federal Ministry of Science and Technology on Methanol fuel production.The State Governor, Dr Ifeanyi FG, Delta partner on Methanol fuel production - delta state, Ifeanyi Okowa, Ogbonnaya Onu, Premium Motor Spirits (PMS)
While biofuels are better in the long run, the study says they wont meet a standard set in a 2007 energy law to qualify as renewable fuel.. The conclusions deal a blow to what are known as cellulosic biofuels, which have received more than a billion dollars in federal support but have struggled to meet volume targets mandated by law. About half of the initial market in cellulosics is expected to be derived from corn residue.. The biofuel industry and administration officials immediately criticized the research as flawed. They said it was too simplistic in its analysis of carbon loss from soil, which can vary over a single field, and vastly overestimated how much residue farmers actually would remove once the market gets underway.. "The core analysis depicts an extreme scenario that no responsible farmer or business would ever employ because it would ruin both the land and the long-term supply of feedstock. It makes no agronomic or business sense," said Jan Koninckx, global business director for ...
Posted on 22 December 2013. Scientists at the University of York have made a significant step in the search to develop effective second generation biofuels.. Researchers from the Department of Chemistry at York have discovered a family of enzymes that can degrade hard-to-digest biomass into its constituent sugars. First generation biofuels have already made an impact in the search for renewable and secure energy sources particularly through the generation of bioethanol manufactured from easy-to-digest food sources such as corn starch. But the resulting need for energy crops is using up valuable arable land threatening food price stability and limiting the amount of biofuel that can be made in this way. The use of difficult-to-digest sources, such as plant stems, wood chips, cardboard waste or insect / crustacean shells, offers a potential solution. Fuel made from these sources is known as second generation biofuels. Finding a way of breaking down these sources into their constituent sugars ...
The unique Soletair demo plant developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland and Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT) uses carbon dioxide to produce renewable fuels and chemicals. The pilot plant is coupled to LUTs solar power plant in Lappeenranta. The aim...
Introduction. Biodiesel is considered an environmentally friendly alternative to conventional diesel fuel, being biodegradable, renewable and having low emission characteristics (USEPA, 2002). It is routinely produced from triglycerides (TG) obtained from vegetable or animal lipid sources which are catalytically transesterified to produce fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) using excess methanol in the presence of a strong base such as sodium or potassium hydroxide. The production of FAMEs by base catalysis is simple, rapid and reliable at relatively low temperatures and pressures, making it a reasonably economic commercial process. Other alcohols, such as ethanol can be substituted for methanol to produce biodiesel, yielding ethyl esters and glycerine instead of methyl esters and glycerine, however, methanol is preferred because of its lower costs and easier separation from glycerol (Bondioli, 2004; Gerpen, 2005;, Meher et al., 2006).. A wide variety of TG sources can be used for biodiesel ...
Say youre an entrepreneur looking to start a biofuels production company. Wheres your feedstock going to come from? How many biodiesel fueling stations are within easy delivery range? These are just the kind of bioenergy-data questions the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is trying to answer with the just-unveiled BioEnergy Atlas.. The atlas comes with two online visualization screening tools - BioPower and Biofuels Atlas - that "allow users to layer related bioenergy data onto a single map to gather information on biomass feedstocks, biopower and biofuels potential, production and distribution," according a lab press release.. ...
biofuels, ethanol, methanol, energy independence, transportation fuels, flexible fuel vehicles, FFVs, renewable fuels, RFS, renewable fuel standard
By Jan Ahlen, NFU climate and energy coordinator. The U.S biofuels industry is at a crossroads. On one hand, the industry is creating jobs in rural America, reducing U.S. dependence on foreign oil and cleaning up our air. On the other hand, the industry is under threat by misguided politicians and special interest groups. Now is the time where we need to make a decision: do we continue down the same path of sending billions of dollars a year to the Middle East for dirty oil or do we invest in a homegrown renewable fuel source that creates thousands of jobs in the United States?. Representatives Bob Goodlatte, R-VA., and Jim Costa, D-Calif., recently introduced a bill that would arbitrarily reduce or eliminate the volumes of renewable fuel use required by the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) based upon corn stocks-to-use ratios. NFU along with other agricultural and biofuels groups sent a letter to Congress opposing this measure.. Such recent anti-ethanol legislation and rhetoric is not made better ...
PDF version. Investigators. Claire Halpin and Gordon Simpson, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee. Objective. To identify novel combinations of genes that can be manipulated in order to improve the yield of simple sugars (saccharification) from plant cell walls during biofuel production.. Background. The bulk of plant biomass is composed of plant cell walls. Significant improvements in the efficiency of biomass conversion into bioenergy or biofuels can be envisaged by breeding plant varieties with optimum cell wall properties using conventional or genetic modification approaches. In nature, the hydrophobic phenolic polymer, lignin, specifically reduces permeability and porosity in plant cell walls to prevent biological and chemical attack. However, during bioethanol production, plant materials must be pretreated to remove lignin before hydrolysis of cellulose (and fermentation of released sugars to yield alcohol) can proceed, adding significantly to the cost and energy consumption of ...
Research published in the journal GENETICS identifies new genes that improve ethanol tolerance in yeast cells, with the goal of generating higher ethanol concentrations for biofuel production.. An effort to increase biofuel production has led scientists to discover genes in yeast that improve their tolerance to ethanol, allowing them to produce more ethanol from the same amount of nutrients. This study, published in the December 2010 issue of GENETICS, shows how genetically altered yeast cells survive higher ethanol concentrations, addressing a bottleneck in the production of ethanol from cellulosic material (nonfood plant sources) in quantities that could make it economically competitive with fossil fuels.. "Our hope is that this research will take us closer to the goal of producing cheap, efficient, and environmentally friendly cellulosic ethanol," said Audrey P. Gasch, Ph.D., a researcher involved in the work and an Assistant Professor of Genetics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. "At ...
The Bioenergy for Advanced Biofuels Program offers payments to eligible advanced biofuel producers for the production of fuel from renewable biomass (excluding corn starch). Renewable biomass crops include cellulose, sugar and starch (other than ethanol derived from corn kernel starch), hemicelluloses, lignin, waste materials, biogas, butanol, diesel-equivalent fuel, sugarcane, and nonfood crops such as poplar trees or switchgrass.. The Biorefinery Assistance Program assists in the development of new and emerging technologies for the development of advanced biofuels. The program offers loans to fund the development, construction, and retrofitting of commercial-scale biorefineries using eligible technology. The maximum loan guarantee is $250 million.. The Repowering Assistance Program offers subsidies to biorefineries for projects that replace fossil fuel use with renewable biomass, or that generate energy from renewable biomass. The program will provide reimbursement payments for eligible ...
While underlining the importance of existing biofuel systems, the WBA also calls for intensified efforts to achieve the market introduction of advanced biofuels based on cellulosic feedstocks. Advanced biofuels are vital for the future but commercial production units are yet to appear on the market. This only can happen if governments set up reliable and long-lasting framework condition for investors to offset the very significant capital costs for the first installation of the new technology systems ...
Many wet biomass feedstocks generally have low value due to the high cost of thermally removing water to make use of the lignocellulosic material contained therein. There are mechanical technologies that can potentially remove water in a cost effective manner, which would help raise the value of these materials by opening markets for combustion or gasification of the feedstocks, new livestock feed opportunities, slow release fertilizer or using the feedstocks as ground covers. At a minimum, producers or processors using a dryer feedstock for feed or land application would be trucking more material and less water.. The Agricultural Utilization Research Institute (AURI), along with the Northwest Minnesota Foundation, collaborated with PulverDryer USA, Inc., to evaluate the performance of their HydroPress technology for dewatering agricultural coproducts.. Dewatering research obtained continues to support the work of the AURI Drying Initiative, which was started in 2009. The goal of this research ...
Increasing use of biodiesel has prompted research into the potential health effects of biodiesel exhaust exposure. Few studies directly compare the health consequences of mineral diesel, biodiesel, or blend exhaust exposures. Here, we exposed human epithelial cell cultures to diluted exhaust generated by the combustion of Australian ultralow-sulfur-diesel (ULSD), unprocessed canola oil, 100% canola biodiesel (B100), and a blend of 20% canola biodiesel mixed with 80% ULSD. The physicochemical characteristics of the exhaust were assessed and we compared cellular viability, apoptosis, and levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and Regulated on Activation, Normal T cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES) in exposed cultured cells. Different fuel types produced significantly different amounts of exhaust gases and different particle characteristics. All exposures resulted in significant apoptosis and loss of viability when compared with control, with an increasing proportion of biodiesel being correlated ...
The European Commission has released its long-awaited revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and proposed the phase-out of food crop-based biofuels from 2021. The EC also wants to simultaneously introduce a sub-mandate for advanced biofuels. It also proposes to introduce a new sustainability criterion on forest biomass. It proposes... [Read More] ...
"Biofuels Digest. 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2012-03-08.. *^ "Jmax Hybrid Seeds". SG Biofuels. 2012-03-08. Archived from the original ... Global biofuel policies[edit]. Many countries around the world are involved in the growing use and production of biofuels, such ... "Biofuels: some numbers". Grist.org. Retrieved 2010-03-15.. *^ Makareviciene et al., "Opportunities for the use of chufa sedge ... The EcoENERGY for Biofuels Program subsidized the production of biodiesel, among other biofuels, via an incentive rate of CAN$ ...
Drop-in biofuels[edit]. The primary or secondary alcohols obtained as described above may undergo conversion to drop-in ... Further chemical refining of the dewatered fermentation broth may then take place depending on the final chemical or biofuel ... Thus, this process can also serve as a water treatment facility, while producing valuable chemicals or biofuels. ... and biofuels, such as a mixture of primary alcohols (e.g., ethanol, propanol, n-butanol) and/or a mixture of secondary alcohols ...
Biomass and biofuels[edit]. Palm oil is used to produce both methyl ester and hydrodeoxygenated biodiesel.[56] Palm oil methyl ... This waste material can be converted into pellets that can be used as a biofuel.[66] Additionally, palm oil that has been used ... Colombia has now become the largest palm oil producer in the Americas, and 35% of its product is exported as biofuel. In 2006, ... Environmental groups such as Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth oppose the use of palm oil biofuels, claiming that the ...
Biofuels[edit]. Main articles: Biofuel in the United States, Food vs. fuel, and Sustainable biofuel ... Biofuel subsidies[edit]. See also: Food vs. fuel and Energy subsidies. In the United States, biofuel subsidies have been ... Implied Objectives of U.S. Biofuel Subsidies. Iowa State University. *^ "Summary of the Credit for Qualified Hybrid Vehicles". ... Sustainable biofuels: prospects and challenges p. 2. *^ "Philips Tornado Asian Compact Fluorescent". Philips. Retrieved ...
Sustainable production of biofuels[edit]. Main article: Sustainable biofuel. Second generation biofuels are now being produced ... Biofuel from food byproducts and coproducts[edit]. Biofuels can also be produced from the waste byproducts of food-based ... Non-food crops for biofuel[edit]. There are different types of biofuels and different feedstocks for them, and it has been ... Freeze on first generation biofuel production[edit]. The prospects for the use of biofuels could change in a relatively ...
Biofuels[edit]. Main article: Biofuel. Research, by David Tilman, ecologist at the University of Minnesota, suggests that " ... Tilman and his colleagues estimate that prairie grass biofuels would yield 51 percent more energy per acre than ethanol from ... "Mixed Prairie Grasses Better Source of Biofuel Than Corn Ethanol and Soybean Biodiesel". National Science Foundation (NSF). ... "biofuels made from high-diversity mixtures of prairie plants can reduce global warming by removing carbon dioxide from the ...
Biofuel[edit]. Typha can be used as a source of starch to produce ethanol. Because of their high productivity in northern ...
Bio-fuel Tree/Plant Insurance Policy[edit]. Named-peril insurance covering six different species of plants/trees, available for ...
Biofuel[edit]. Algae is under development for use in biofuels.[148] Researchers in Singapore were working on GM jatropha for ... Examples in non-food crops include production of pharmaceutical agents, biofuels, and other industrially useful goods, as well ... Carrington, Damien (19 January 2012) GM microbe breakthrough paves way for large-scale seaweed farming for biofuels The ... production of useful goods such as biofuel or drugs, and ability to absorb toxins and for use in bioremediation of pollution. ...
"US biofuel production should be suspended, UN says". BBC News. 8/10/2012. Retrieved 2013-11-15.. Check date values in: ,date=. ... Biofuel mandates and food supply[edit]. Main article: Food vs. fuel. The interests of varied sectors of the agricultural ...
Efficiencies of various biofuel crops[edit]. Popular choices for plant biofuels include: oil palm, soybean, castor oil, ...
Jet biofuels[edit]. Main articles: Aviation biofuel and Sustainable Aviation Fuel. The air transport industry is responsible ... Army is considered one of the few customers of biofuels large enough to potentially bring biofuels up to the volume production ... "Beginner's Guide to Aviation Biofuels" (PDF). Air Transport Action Group. May 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-20.. [permanent dead link ... 24 commercial and military biofuel flights have taken place using Honeywell "Green Jet Fuel," including a Navy F/A-18 Hornet.[ ...
Biofuel[edit]. Algae is under development for use in biofuels.[156] Researchers in Singapore were working on GM jatropha for ... Plant genetic engineering for biofuel production: towards affordable cellulosic ethanol. *^ van Beilen, Jan B.; Yves Poirier ( ... Examples in non-food crops include production of pharmaceutical agents, biofuels, and other industrially useful goods, as well ... Carrington, Damien (19 January 2012) GM microbe breakthrough paves way for large-scale seaweed farming for biofuels The ...
Biofuels[edit]. Main article: Biofuel. Biofuel can be broadly defined as solid, liquid, or gas fuel consisting of, or derived ... Schobert, Harold (2013-01-17). Chemistry of Fossil Fuels and Biofuels. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521114004.. ... Biofuel can be produced from any carbon source that can be replenished rapidly e.g. plants. Many different plants and plant- ... Recently biofuels have been developed for use in automotive transport (for example Bioethanol and Biodiesel), but there is ...
"Biofuels from sorghum". arpa-e.energy.gov. February 20, 1913. Archived from the original on October 20, 2013. Retrieved ...
Algenol Biofuels[edit]. Founded in 2006, Algenol Biofuels is a global, industrial biotechnology company that is commercializing ... Main article: Aviation biofuel. Trials of using algae as biofuel were carried out by Lufthansa, and Virgin Airlines as early as ... The Nimitz also used 200 000 gallons of HRJ5 jet biofuel. The 50/50 biofuel blends were provided by Solazyme and Dynamic Fuels. ... Pienkos, P. T.; Darzins, A. (2009). "The promise and challenges of microalgal-derived biofuels". Biofuels, Bioproducts and ...
"Biotechnology for Biofuels. 6 (1): 118. doi:10.1186/1754-6834-6-118. ISSN 1754-6834. PMC 3846465. PMID 23971877.. ... 2013 - Gimpel JA, et al Advances in microalgae engineering and synthetic biology applications for biofuel production ...
"Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining. 1: 18-23. doi:10.1002/bbb.3.. *^ Möllersten, Kenneth; Yan, Jinyue; r. Moreira, Jose ( ... Combustion of biofuel for heat generation releases CO2 as a by-product. Usually used for district heating Energy ... Combustion of biomass or biofuel in steam or gas powered generators releases CO2 as a by-product Energy ... There is however presently no need to expand the use of biofuels in energy or industry applications to allow for BECCS ...
Such studies have shown that the "hidden" energy costs associated with producing each unit of bio-fuel are significantly larger ... "Biofuels and Small Farmers". Translated by Annette Ramos. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved December ...
House Bio-fuels Caucus. *Congressional Sportsmen Caucus. *Mining Caucus. *Immigration Reform Caucus. *Congressional Arts Caucus ...
Genomics of cellulosic biofuels. Nature. 2008 454(7206):841-5. Sorek R et al. Genome-wide experimental determination of ... Interview with Eddy Rubin Rubin on Neanderthal research Rubin on genomics of plant-based research for biofuels Rubin on ...
Scharlemann, J.P.W.; Laurance, W.F. (2008). "How Green are Biofuels?". Science. 319 (5859): 43-44. doi:10.1126/science.1153103 ... rapeseed and soy are some of the plants with a highly fermentable sugar or oil content that are used as sources of biofuels, ...
"Biofuel use increasing poverty". BBC News. June 25, 2008.. *^ Ferrett, Grant (October 27, 2007). "Biofuels 'crime against ... The use of biofuels as a replacement for traditional fuels raises the price of food.[62] The United Nations special rapporteur ...
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Biofuels technology‎ (1 C, 17 P). *. ► Bioinformatics‎ (18 C, 314 P, 10 F) ...
Communication tools for learning communities Trieste 9-10 May 2011 EGM Biofuels and Biobased Chemincals. An opportunity for ... EGM Biofuels * 1. Communication tools for learning communities Trieste 9-10 May 2011 EGM Biofuels and Biobased Chemincals. An ...
Venture capitalist Vinod Khosla explains why hes betting on biofuels. ... Facilities like E3 Biofuels (left) are the first step. Brent Humphreys. At E3 Biofuels, every part of the corn plant is used - ... Facilities like E3 Biofuels (left) are the first step. Brent Humphreys. At E3 Biofuels, every part of the corn plant is used - ... Facilities like E3 Biofuels (left) are the first step. Brent Humphreys. At E3 Biofuels, every part of the corn plant is used - ...
"Biofuels - Second Generation Biofuels". biofuel.org.uk. Retrieved 2018-01-18.. *^ Ramirez, Jerome; Brown, Richard; Rainey, ... "Biofuels Digest. Retrieved 2012-03-08.. *^ SG Biofuels (8 March 2012). "Jmax Hybrid Seeds". SG Biofuels. Archived from the ... Sustainable biofuels[edit]. Main article: Sustainable biofuels. Many of the biofuels that were being supplied in 2008 (using ... First-generation biofuels[edit]. "First-generation" or conventional biofuels are biofuels made from food crops grown on arable ...
Preserving Algal Biofuels Strains. With the increasing importance algae will play in the future of biofuels and food ... Ethylene-forming enzyme and bioethylene production, Biotechnology for Biofuels (2014) View all NREL algal biofuels publications ... Engineering Biofuels Strains. We are evaluating the potential for small RNA-based engineering in algae and other lipogenic ... Algal Biofuels. NREL is developing technologies and helping prepare a new generation workforce to enable the commercialization ...
The biofuels area is one the most discussed research areas in biotechnology. This volume summarizes the current state of the ... Economics of biofuels (Andy Aden) • The feed stocks for biofuels (Jose Gonzalez-Hermandez), (Russel Jessup), (Katrin Jocob), ( ... The biofuels area is one the most discussed research areas in biotechnology. This volume summarizes the current state of the ... Since 1998 he is working on sugarcane, a major industrial and biofuel crop. David Songstad is originally from South Dakota and ...
Of the many biofuels proposed for airlines, seven are best poised to scale, according to a panel of experts who convened this ... Should biofuels come into wide use, airlines are likely to have an array of sources to choose from, Skeer said, depending on ... Should biofuels come into wide use, airlines are likely to have an array of sources to choose from, Skeer said, depending on ... Biofuels made from waste avoid the controversies that have dogged energy crops-that they compete with food for land, raise food ...
... *. Home. The Biofuels and bioproducts laboratory (BBL) research group is a key member of ... The Biofuels and Bioproducts Laboratory is interested in all aspects of the bioconversion of lignocellulosic material to ... we can ensure that the biofuels and bioproducts produced are sustainable both environmentally and economically. ... biofuels and bioproducts. This includes a number of research areas:. 1. Thermochemical fractionation of biomass to polymers, ...
Biofuels. [Wim Soetaert; Erick J Vandamme] -- Biofuels covers the use and conversion technologies of biomass as a renewable ... resource to produce bioenergy in a sustainable way, mainly in the form of liquid and gaseous biofuels. It gives a broad ... ... Biofuels provides a broad overview of biofuel developments from both a technical angle and an economical angle. Trends on ... mainly in the form of liquid and gaseous biofuels. It gives a broad overview of biofuel developments from both a technical and ...
The hope is that the project will achieve a breakthrough in biofuel production and ultimately develop technology for the ... suggests that large-scale seaweed farms in the UK could become an important source for biofuels. Its local, sustainable and ... which aims to produce advanced biofuels from seaweed or macro-algae. ...
Hydrogenase-based biofuel cells[edit]. As per the definition of biofuel cells, enzymes are used as electrocatalysts at both the ... An enzymatic biofuel cell is a specific type of fuel cell that uses enzymes as a catalyst to oxidize its fuel, rather than ... Because sugars and other biofuels can be grown and harvested on a massive scale, the fuel for enzymatic biofuel cells is ... Research on using enzymes directly for oxidation in biofuel cells began in the early 1960s, with the first enzymatic biofuel ...
... synthesizing biofuels out of proteins instead of sugars, or digesting sugar polymers directly and pumping out biofuels at the ... Although biofuel might seem like a hot topic at the moment, its really an old idea, explains Daniel Bush, professor and chair ... If the new biofuel focus is the rest of the plant, Bush says, researchers better get cracking on making new energy crops, such ... Though biofuels often have faded into the background during periods with low gas prices, Bush adds, they become more popular ...
Biofuels: Bioethanol, Biodiesel, Biogas, Biohydrogen from Plants and Microalgae Mahdi Gharabaghi, Hossein Delavai Amrei, ... CO2 emission sequestration Genetically modified crops Plant algal biofuels Soil selenium Water chlorine fluoride ...
The development of sustainable and renewable biofuels is attracting growing interest. It is vital to develop robust microbial ... This Microbiology Monograph provides an overview of methods for studying microbial stress tolerance for biofuels applications ... The development of sustainable and renewable biofuels is attracting growing interest. It is vital to develop robust microbial ... Automated Systems of Plasmid-Based Functional Proteomics to Improve Microbes for Biofuel Production ...
Advanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest meeting The 2015 Advanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest meeting will be held at the UW in ... UW Biofuels and Bioproducts Laboratory**Uncategorized. April 11, 2017. New publication: Goodman, Dichiara et al., Development ... Rick Gustafson was the keynote speaker with a talk entitled "Advanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest (AHB) - A multidisciplinary ... program to produce sustainable biofuels and bio-based chemicals from woody biomass". ...
Biotechnology for Biofuels. ISSN: 1754-6834 (Online) Description. Biotechnology for Biofuels is an open access peer-reviewed ... Biotechnology for Biofuels. Coverage. Volume 1 / 2008 - Volume 11 / 2018. Online ISSN. 1754-6834. Publisher. BioMed Central. ... journal featuring high-quality studies describing technological and operational advances in the production of biofuels, ...
For years theres been buzz -- both positive and negative -- about generating ethanol fuel from corn. But thanks to recent developments, the Bay Area is rapidly becoming a world center for the next generation of green fuel alternatives. Meet the scientists investigating the newest methods for converting what we grow into what makes us go.
Therefore is a promising material for production of biofuels. One leading approach is to use ... there has been increasing interest in the development of biofuels derived from environmentally friendly lignocellulosic biomass ... BioFuels. From biomass to biofuel. During the past several years, there has been increasing interest in the development of ... One aim of our lab is to metabolically engineer L. plantarum to convert biomass into biofuels. In order to achieve this goal, ...
The first independent analysis of the European Unions 2020 greenhouse gas emissions targets says that biofuel plans will mean ... Europes biofuels will increase carbon emissions. 10 November 2010 EUROPEs biofuel plans will produce more greenhouse ... To grow biofuel crops as well as Europes food, millions of hectares somewhere in the world would have to be cleared. This ... partly by replacing 10 per cent of transport fuel with biofuel. Now 23 of the 27 EU countries have … ...
From Smelly Nail Polish Remover to Biofuels: White Dog Labs Looking to Expand. Biofuels Jim Lane - October 10, 2016. 0 ... BASF and Lallemand Biofuels & Distilled Spirits to collaborate. Biofuels Helena Kennedy - June 13, 2018. 0 ... Sweden and Finland sign LOI for biofuels, biomaterials. Biofuels Helena Kennedy - April 18, 2018. 0 ... In New York, Ohio-based Dunkin Donuts Coffee at Home introduced a biofuel-powered home in New York Citys Madison Square Park ...
Taking a bite out of biofuels. White Castle and other chains say that corn-based biofuels are driving up food prices.. ... Food fight: White Castle vs biofuels. Chain restaurants, cattle industry, U.S. congressmen have had enough of corn-based fuels ... U.S. chain restaurants and a group of congressmen are launching an assault against biofuels on the grounds that fuel produced ...
... warned the European Union about the link between the accelerating demand for biofuels and rising food prices. ... The shift to biofuels production has diverted lands out of the food chain, World Food Programme executive director Josette ... The 27-nation EU aims to ramp up its use of biofuels in coming years after the blocs leaders set tough renewable energy ... The UN agency in charge of alleviating world hunger warned the European Union on Thursday that the fast-growing use of biofuels ...
... environmental and social issues that will impact a biofuels project along with the technical programs that could enhance a ... working on biofuels projects and technology and research managers responsible for developing and implementing biofuels projects ... The webinar will cover leading candidates for both solid and liquid biofuels. The criteria for evaluating these fuels in a ... Attendees will learn about the critical economic, environmental and social issues that will impact a biofuels project along ...
There are about 55 test methods determining physical properties of biofuels. These are discussed with reference to their test ...
... the worlds largest producer of biofuels. Latin America is the logical place to produce biofuels, said Brian Dean of the ... For more information on biofuels in Latin America, see FACTBOX-Biofuels industry grows in Latin America [ID:nN21456087] ( ... A biofuels push could sustain energy flows from Latin America toward the United States, the worlds top energy consumer, as ... Latin Americas biofuels production could eventually rival that of Asia, where China, India, and Indonesia are already among ...
President Barack Obama wants to work with Brazil on biofuels and pledged to advance global trade talks as a way to stoke ... Obama said the United States has much to gain by cooperating with Brazil on biofuels, according to Baumbach. The new U.S. ... BRASILIA (Reuters) - President Barack Obama wants to work with Brazil on biofuels and pledged to advance global trade talks as ... president has made the increased use of alternative energy sources, including biofuels, a key goal of his administration. ...
  • A recent report from the US National Academy of Sciences indicated that, "absent technological breakthroughs", it was unlikely that the US would meet the congressionally mandated renewable fuel standard of 35 billion gallons of ethanol-equivalent biofuels plus 1 billion gallons of biodiesel by 2022. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A biofuel is a fuel that is produced through contemporary biological processes, such as agriculture and anaerobic digestion , rather than a fuel produced by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels , such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2010, worldwide biofuel production reached 105 billion liters (28 billion gallons US), up 17% from 2009, and biofuels provided 2.7% of the world's fuels for road transport. (wikipedia.org)
  • The International Energy Agency has a goal for biofuels to meet more than a quarter of world demand for transportation fuels by 2050 to reduce dependence on petroleum and coal. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hope is that the project will achieve a breakthrough in biofuel production and ultimately develop technology for the production of fuels which can go on to be used within the heavy transport and aviation sector. (theecologist.org)
  • Enzymatic biofuel cells, while currently confined to research facilities, are widely prized for the promise they hold in terms of their relatively inexpensive components and fuels, as well as a potential power source for bionic implants. (wikipedia.org)
  • What makes the enzymatic biofuel cell distinct from more conventional fuel cells are the catalysts they use and the fuels that they accept. (wikipedia.org)
  • America produced about 13.2 billion gallons of fuel ethanol last year, making this the most common biofuel- fuel metabolically derived from living organisms as opposed to fossil fuels produced over hundreds of millions of years from long-dead organisms- in this country. (asbmb.org)
  • They committed to increase the EU's renewable energy use by 20 percent by 2020, compared to 1990 levels, with biofuels to make up 10 percent of all transport fuels used by then. (france24.com)
  • In Oklahoma, Emerging Fuels Technology, Inc (EFT) has executed a license agreement with Red Rock Biofuels LLC under which EFT will provide its TL8a Fischer-Tropsch (FT) technology to provide additional FT capacity for RRB's biorefinery in Lakeview, Oregon, USA. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • Today we are joined by Joanne Ivancic with Advanced Biofuels USA, Graham Noyes of the Low Carbon Fuels Coalition, and Jeremy Martin with the Union of Concerned Scientists as we look at Improving Understanding of the Role of Renewable Fuels in a Green Recovery. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • In Norway, waste fuels and resource management company Geminor acquired the Norwegian biofuel producer Bøn Biobrensel AS, strengthening its position in the Nordic secondary fuels market. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • In the UK, researchers at the University of Greenwich have published a study that takes a critical view to opportunities for macroalgae production for biofuels in the British Isles, in particular for the MacroBioCrude processing pipeline for the sustainable manufacture of liquid hydrocarbon fuels from seaweed in the UK. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • Colombia entered the biofuel sector during the previous decade, defining the regulatory framework for the production and commercialization of ethanol and biodiesel within in the country, in 2001 and 2004 respectively, and starting mixtures thereof with fossil fuels in 2005 and 2008, respectively. (ecopetrol.com.co)
  • Scientists from the European Environment Agency urged the 27-nation bloc to drop its 10 percent biofuel target for road-transport fuels. (reuters.com)
  • COPENHAGEN, Dec 8 2009 (IPS) - Being the world's largest producer and exporter of ethanol it is natural for the Brazilian government and its partners to push biofuels as the only real alternative for a world trying wean itself away from fossil fuels that contribute to global warming. (ipsnews.net)
  • Current biofuels, such as ethanol, have a lower energy content (volumetric energy density) compared with conventional hydrocarbon fuels, petroleum and natural gas. (rsc.org)
  • This process produces a so called 'drop-in biofuel', i.e. a fuel that can be blended directly with existing hydrocarbon fuels that have similar combustion properties. (rsc.org)
  • Only a decade ago, biofuel production from plants was hailed as an ecological alternative to fossil fuels. (europa.eu)
  • In the Netherlands, GoodShipping bunkered the first batch of biofuels into a container vessel that otherwise would have entirely run on fossil fuels. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • In recent years, increased regulation of emissions from fossil fuels and rapidly rising crude oil prices have led to increased interest in using biofuels as an energy source. (sgs.com)
  • KiOR's breakthrough is one part of a wide-ranging effort by a number of companies and government-supported researchers to develop and perfect 'drop-in' biofuels-fuels so similar to their petroleum-based counterparts that they could be pumped through the same pipelines and used to power the engines of cars and trucks without any modifications. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The mystery train was an outgrowth of the EPA's Renewable Fuel Standard mandate that requires oil companies to blend (subsidized) biofuels with (subsidized) fossil fuels-or alternatively, purchase Renewable Identification Numbers, or RINs, as offsets. (businessinsider.com)
  • Measured in energy units like kilocalories, world demand for liquid fuels (gasoline, jet fuel, diesel and now biofuels) is currently more than six times the global demand for food. (motherjones.com)
  • Biofuel mania obscures the profound consequences of the industrial transformation of our food and fuel systems -- the agro-fuels transition. (globalpolicy.org)
  • Biofuels emerged as an alternative to fossil fuels as it became apparent that humans were overloading the Earth's atmosphere with carbon dioxide and other gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many first-generation biofuels depend on subsidies and are not cost competitive with existing fossil fuels such as oil, and some of them produce only limited greenhouse gas emissions savings. (wikipedia.org)
  • When taking emissions from production and transport into account, life-cycle assessment from first-generation biofuels frequently approach those of traditional fossil fuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • The focus of the industry has now turned to second generation sustainable biofuels (sustainable aviation fuels) that do not compete with food supplies nor are major consumers of prime agricultural land or fresh water. (wikipedia.org)
  • IATA thinks a 6% share of sustainable 2nd generation biofuels is achievable by 2020, and Boeing supports a target of 1% of global aviation fuels by 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drop-in" biofuels are biofuels that are completely interchangeable with conventional fuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuels shall significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions as compared to fossil fuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuels, in the form of liquid fuels derived from plant materials, are entering the market, driven by factors such as oil price spikes and the need for increased energy security. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuels have a limited ability to replace fossil fuels and should not be regarded as a 'silver bullet' to deal with transport emissions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuels can be solid, gaseous or liquid, which comes in two forms: ethanol and biodiesel and often replace fossil fuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Swedish government created financial incentives for transitioning from fossil fuels to biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Finally, taxation of other energy sources, has contributed to the increase of biofuel usage, as taxes on fossil fuels have increased since 1990. (wikipedia.org)
  • Technically solid fuels can be made to be high-energy dense, hence Sweden produces biofuels mostly in solid form. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuel in Italy is used as a replacement for petroleum based fuels, mainly for transportation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The UK Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation program requires the Renewable Fuels Agency (RFA) to report potential indirect impacts of biofuel production, including indirect land use change or changes to food and other commodity prices. (wikipedia.org)
  • Waiting for second generation biofuels and curbing the growth in transport energy consumption were also seen as reasons for not supporting the Bill After the National Party gained power it repealed parts of the Biofuel Bill with the Energy (Fuels, Levies, and References) Biofuel Obligation Repeal Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since then, biofuel policies have been refined, focused on getting the most efficient fuels commercially available, creating fuels that can compete with petroleum-based fuels, and ensuring that the agricultural industry can support and sustain the use of biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of all the options for new fuels, biofuels stand out as the most compatible. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuels are mainly used mixed with fossil fuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuels are not just limited to liquid fuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • GreenFuel Technologies Corporation Technology: developed a patented bioreactor system that uses nontoxic photosynthetic algae to take in smokestacks' flue gases and produce biofuels such as biodiesel, biogas and a dry fuel comparable to coal Hydrocarbon plants or petroleum plants are plants which produce terpenoids as secondary metabolites that can be converted to gasoline-like fuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Directive on the Promotion of the use of biofuels and other renewable fuels for transport, officially 2003/30/EC and popularly better known as the biofuels directive is a European Union directive for promoting the use of biofuels for EU transport. (wikipedia.org)
  • The directive entered into force in May 2003, and stipulates that national measures must be taken by countries across the EU aiming at replacing 5.75% of all transport fossil fuels (petrol and diesel) with biofuels by 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • COM(2001) 547, Communication of the European Commission of 7 November 2001 on an Action Plan and two Proposals for Directives to foster the use of Alternative Fuels for Transport, starting with the regulatory and fiscal promotion of biofuels COM(2006) 845, Communication of the European Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: Biofuels Progress Report, that proposes to raise the biofuel target to 10% by 2020. (wikipedia.org)
  • Energy portal Bioenergy Food vs fuel Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (UK implementation) Energy policy of the European Union "on alternative fuels for road transportation and on a set of measures to promote the use of biofuels" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • The biofuels campaign protests the use of and subsidies for ethanol and other biogenic fuels as forms of alternative energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • CAAFI (Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative) is a cooperative effort among interested stakeholders to bring commercially viable, environmentally sustainable alternative aviation fuels (e.g., aviation biofuel) to market. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuel projects funded by ARENA include an assessment by the company Licella of the feasibility of constructing its first pre-commercial biofuel plant and James Cook University developing a macroalgae to biofuels project to provide a blueprint for the development and production of high energy algal fuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • But the main interest to produce renewable fuels is to produce biofuel with the carbohydrates which are located in the tap root. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to SAF certification, the integrity of aviation biofuel producers and their product can be assessed by further means such as by using Richard Branson's Carbon War Room Renewable Jets Fuels initiative. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algenol's biofuel technology potentially allows production of the four most important fuels (ethanol, gasoline, jet, and diesel fuel) for around $1.27 per gallon each at production levels of 8,000 total gallons of liquid fuel per acre per year, but to date has not been successfully implemented in commercial production. (wikipedia.org)
  • A University of Exeter study sought to overcome this obstacle through production of biofuels that can replace current fossil fuels through sustainable means, namely, the production of n-alkanes, iso-alkanes, and n-alkenes, as these are the hydrocarbons that compose current retail transport fuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Wisconsin, scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC) have found a way to nearly double the efficiency with which a commonly used industrial yeast strain converts plant sugars to biofuel. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • For a review of terminology relating to biofuels, see FAO (2004a) UBET - Unified Bioenergy Terminology. (greenfacts.org)
  • The mutants of Arabidopsis Plant functional genomics A fortunate choice: the history of Arabidopsis as a model plant Toward a Systems Approach to Understanding Plant Cell Walls Biofuels Implementing industrial-academic partnerships to advance bioenergy research: the Energy Biosciences Institute Redei, G P (1975-12-01). (wikipedia.org)
  • Because sugars and other biofuels can be grown and harvested on a massive scale, the fuel for enzymatic biofuel cells is extremely cheap and can be found in nearly any part of the world, thus making it an extraordinarily attractive option from a logistics standpoint, and even more so for those concerned with the adoption of renewable energy sources . (wikipedia.org)
  • The 27-nation EU aims to ramp up its use of biofuels in coming years after the bloc's leaders set tough renewable energy targets last year. (france24.com)
  • Brazil is the most advanced in biofuels because of its experience in ethanol,' said Camila Ramos, head of Latin America research at a renewable energy consulting company called New Energy Finance. (reuters.com)
  • In Texas, ExxonMobil and Renewable Energy Group (REG) said that they have signed a joint research agreement with Clariant to evaluate the potential use of cellulosic sugars from sources such as agricultural waste and residues to produce biofuel, which has the potential to play a role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • Biofuels may be referred to as renewable energy because they are a form of transformed solar energy. (greenfacts.org)
  • SG Biofuels Launches First Elite Jatropha Cultivar Renewable Energy World, 19 March 2010. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuels play a major part in the renewable energy strategy of Denmark. (wikipedia.org)
  • Denmark is using biofuel to achieve its target of using 100% renewable energy for all energy uses by 2050. (wikipedia.org)
  • In conjunction with Denmark's highly developed renewable energy resources in other areas, biofuels are helping Denmark meet its ambitious renewable energy targets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuel use in Europe must be certified by the EU commission before biofuels can be recorded as sustainable resources and used for national renewable energy targets. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a member state of the European Union (EU), Denmark is under commitments from its directives, which set targets for the amount of renewable energy within the national profiles, including biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Energy portal Australia portal Biofuels by region Mitigation of global warming in Australia Ethanol fuel Ethanol fuel by country Renewable energy in Australia Solar power in Australia Wind power in Australia Geothermal power in Australia List of renewable energy topics by country Queensland Government. (wikipedia.org)
  • List of renewable energy topics by country Biofuels by region "Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • European Commission/Energy/Renewable energy/Biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Brazil is the region's undisputed biofuels leader, with ethanol mills expected to produce up to 27.5 billion liters in the 2008/09 season, up from 23 billion liters in 2007/08. (reuters.com)
  • BRASILIA (Reuters) - President Barack Obama wants to work with Brazil on biofuels and pledged to advance global trade talks as a way to stoke economic growth, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva's spokesman said on Monday. (reuters.com)
  • Obama said the United States has much to gain by cooperating with Brazil on biofuels, according to Baumbach. (reuters.com)
  • In Brazil, biofuel producer GranBio will resume commercial operations at its 82 million-liters Bioflex 1 cellulosic ethanol plant by the end of January. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • In Brazil, Embrapa Agroenergia (DF) was able to identify species of microalgae that can be cultivated in liquid waste from agroindustrial processes, effluents.This crop can generate renewable raw material for biofuels, feed, cosmetics and various other products.The research, which lasted three years, also resulted in the discovery of previously unknown species in Brazilian biodiversity. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • The growing criticism has placed Brazil at the center of the global biofuels debate. (reuters.com)
  • The European Union's environment chief said on Tuesday that biofuels, which Brazil hopes to export to the EU, now must meet social and environmental criteria. (reuters.com)
  • Biofuels are rapidly becoming the main cause of deforestation in countries like Indonesia, Malaysia and Brazil,' said Simone Lovera, managing coordinator of the Global Forest Coalition, an environmental NGO based in Asunción, Paraguay. (ipsnews.net)
  • will be hosting the Biofuels Markets Americas conference on April 3rd and 4th, 2007 at the Sofitel Hotel, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • Brazil is a leader in the use of biofuels for transportation. (treehugger.com)
  • The U.N. International Biofuels Forum is formed by Brazil, China, India, South Africa, the United States and the European Commission. (wikipedia.org)
  • The world leaders in biofuel development and use are Brazil, United States, France, Sweden and Germany. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Scottish Association for Marine Science (SAMS) is currently working on a Horizon 2020 project - MacroFuels, which aims to produce advanced biofuels from seaweed or macro-algae. (theecologist.org)
  • The European Union decided in 2007 to cut greenhouse emissions by 20 per cent by 2020 , partly by replacing 10 per cent of transport fuel with biofuel. (newscientist.com)
  • As a result, the European Union backed out, last year, from a commitment to introduce a 10 percent mandatory quota of biofuels in all transportation by 2020. (ipsnews.net)
  • Mannvit Engineering is a consulting engineering firm that specializes in geothermal, geothermal district heating, hydroelectric, power transmission as well as other renewable energies and environmentally-friendly processes, such as biofuels and biogas, anaerobic digester systems, waste management, CO2 sequestration, carbon dioxide to methanol, and large scale composting. (wikipedia.org)
  • I'm president of the Worldwatch Institute, and it is our great honor and pleasure to be able to host this event on global biofuels and the potential to meet a variety of needs over the years to come. (worldwatch.org)
  • Other post-CBN appointments include Chairman of Standard Chartered Bank Nigeria, First Pension Funds Custodian, Santrust Securities, STI Consulting and Global Biofuels, and Director of West African Portland Cement and Marina Foods. (wikipedia.org)
  • Under Vincent Chornet's expert guidance, Enerkem has established itself as an entrepreneurial leader in the field of advanced biofuels and green chemicals and grown to 200 employees (as of January 2018). (wikipedia.org)
  • Renewable biofuels generally involve contemporary carbon fixation , such as those that occur in plants or microalgae through the process of photosynthesis . (wikipedia.org)
  • Biofuels are in theory carbon-neutral because the carbon dioxide that is absorbed by the plants is equal to the carbon dioxide that is released when the fuel is burned. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, in practice, whether or not a biofuel is carbon-neutral also depends greatly on whether the land which is used to grow the biofuel (with 1st and 2nd generation biofuel) needed to be cleared of carbon-holding vegetation or not. (wikipedia.org)
  • In New Jersey, ExxonMobil broke ground on the expansion of its research facility which will focus on research and development for algae biofuel and carbon capture technologies. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • BROOKLIN, Canada, Mar 21 2007 (IPS) - Nearly 40,000 hectares of forest vanish every day, driven by the worldlj growing hunger for timber, pulp and paper, and ironically, new biofuels and carbon credits designed to protect the environment. (ipsnews.net)
  • The irony here is that the growing eagerness to slow climate change by using biofuels and planting millions of trees for carbon credits has resulted in new major causes of deforestation, say activists. (ipsnews.net)
  • Study co-author Dominick Spracklen of the School of Earth and the Environment at the University of Leeds says: "This study shows that if your primary concern is reducing carbon dioxide emissions, growing biofuels is not the best way to do it. (innovations-report.com)
  • The amount of carbon that is released when you clear forests to make way for the biofuel crop is much more than the amount you get back from growing biofuels over a 30-year period. (innovations-report.com)
  • The study compared the amount of carbon dioxide emissions that would be saved from entering the atmosphere by growing biofuels with the amount saved from slowing deforestation and restoring forests over a 30-year period. (innovations-report.com)
  • He says: "There is a big push in the EU and US to promote biofuels as a way to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. (innovations-report.com)
  • But biofuel believers point out that as long as coal-the most carbon-intensive fuel-generates 40 percent of U.S. electricity, greenhouse gas emissions remain a problem for electric cars. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Biofuel plantations, construction of hydropower dams and measures to protect forests, where trees soak up heat-trapping carbon dioxide gas as they grow, can create conflicts with the ancestral lands of indigenous peoples. (france24.com)
  • The estimates of carbon intensity for a given biofuel depend on the assumptions regarding several variables. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the Searchinger team paper, estimation of carbon emissions from ILUC, together with the food vs. fuel debate, became one of the most contentious issues relating to biofuels, debated in the popular media, scientific journals, op-eds and public letters from the scientific community, and the ethanol industry, both American and Brazilian. (wikipedia.org)
  • Their biofuel technology uses sunlight, algae, non-arable land and carbon dioxide to produce ethanol and the leftover spent algae that can be converted into other biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • A news piece from Business Report says they are investigating the viability of maize, sugar cane, sugar beet, sorghum and wheat as possible biofuel feedstocks. (treehugger.com)
  • In spite of their limited overall volume (see Figure 5 ), the strongest growth in recent years has been in liquid biofuels for transport, mostly produced using agricultural and food commodities as feedstocks . (greenfacts.org)
  • After validating the technology at lab scale and beginning engineering scale-up, the company unveiled the first product, a process for making MEG, in March 2014 and subsequently won significant industry recognition including the CCEMC Grand Challenge, the CleanTech 100 Rising Star of the Year, and a #1 ranking in Biofuels Digest's 40 Hottest Smaller Companies in the Advanced Bioeconomy. (wikipedia.org)
  • A preliminary, independent analysis of the saltwort experiment found the biofuel produces 38 to 68 percent less greenhouse gas emissions than fossil jet fuel. (forbes.com)
  • An enzymatic biofuel cell is a specific type of fuel cell that uses enzymes as a catalyst to oxidize its fuel, rather than precious metals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enzymatic biofuel cells work on the same general principles as all fuel cells: use a catalyst to separate electrons from a parent molecule and force it to go around an electrolyte barrier through a wire to generate an electric current. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enzymatic biofuel cells also have operating requirements not shared by traditional fuel cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • These two applications - use of animal or vegetable products as fuel and development of a power source that can be directly implanted into the human body without external refueling - remain the primary goals for developing these biofuel cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Finland, a leading researcher has claimed that the country's love for biofuels, a fuel that he says is now becoming "marginal," has kept it from switching towards electric vehicles along with other countries in Europe. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • The Renewable Fuel Standard requires oil refiners to blend increasing amounts of biofuels like corn-based ethanol into their fuel each year, or purchase blending credits from those who do. (cnbc.com)
  • Biofuels are either liquid or gaseous fuel. (rsc.org)
  • Ethanol) Biofuels are any liquid, solid or gaseous fuel that is produced from some type of organic material. (prezi.com)
  • The EISA also called for 21 billion gallons of advanced biofuels, produced from sources like switchgrass, corn stover and algae, to be used in the nation's fuel supply by 2022. (innovations-report.com)
  • So what that means is that drop-in biofuel must be a hydrocarbon-molecularly indistinguishable from the gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel making the world mobile today. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The BioFuels Security Act is a proposed legislative Act of Congress intended to phase out current single-fueled vehicles in favor of flexible-fuel vehicles. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2007-12-19 US Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 requires American "fuel producers to use at least" 36 billion US gallons (140,000,000 m3) "of biofuel in 2022. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Center is funded by the North Carolina General Assembly to implement North Carolina's Strategic Plan for Biofuels Leadership and to reduce the state's dependence on imported liquid fuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Danish environmental legislation has been important in the process to achieving this goal as taxes on CO2 emissions have been in place since the 1990s, and since 2005, biofuels have been exempt from fuel taxes. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the effort to develop an aviation biofuel, Air New Zealand and Boeing are researching the jatropha plant to see if it can provide a renewable alternative to conventional fuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • It removed the mandatory requirement for all fuel to have a percentage of biofuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Energy content of biofuel is a description of the potential energy contained in a given biofuel, measured per unit mass of that fuel, as specific energy, or per unit of volume of the fuel, as energy density. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Renewable Fuel Standard called for 7.5 billion US gallons (28×10^6 m3) of biofuels to be used annually by 2012, expanding the market for biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Friends of the Earth U.S. also opposes the Renewable Fuel Standard, which dictates that increasing quantities of biofuels be used annually, and the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) approval of high ethanol content E-15 gasoline. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for gasoline. (wikipedia.org)
  • Algae fuel in the United States, as with other countries, is under study as a source of biofuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • The United States Department of Agriculture has also been ordered to fund $881 million of biofuel research, so the organization partnered with the U.S. Navy and the Federal Aviation Administration with the goal of researching algae-based biofuels that can be "dropped-into" current military fuel infrastructure. (wikipedia.org)
  • This financial incentive for algae biofuel research has facilitated the creation of many algae strains that can be converted to fuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Air New Zealand eventually used jatropha biofuel as Aquaflow was unable to supply any fuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, high fuel prices and environmental concerns could make the need for algal-based biofuels, and in particular those produced from the highly efficient D66 strain, a legitimate energy source in the near future. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) is the name given to advanced aviation biofuel types used in jet aircraft and certified as being sustainable by a reputable independent third-party, such as the Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB). (wikipedia.org)
  • Butanol is considered as a potential biofuel (butanol fuel). (wikipedia.org)
  • This is why commercially practical cellulosic ethanol is widely viewed as a next level of development for the biofuel industry that could reduce demand for oil and gas drilling and even nuclear power in ways that grain-based ethanol fuel alone cannot. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2010: Site preparation begins for construction of Enerkem Alberta Biofuels full-scale waste-to-biofuels facility in Edmonton, Alberta. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2014: Enerkem launches its first full-scale municipal waste-to-biofuels and chemicals facility in Edmonton, Canada. (wikipedia.org)
  • The World Food Programme, the UN agency in charge of alleviating world hunger, warned the European Union about the link between the accelerating demand for biofuels and rising food prices. (france24.com)
  • Yet, energy experts remain optimistic, predicting the demand for biofuels to increase in the near future. (ipsnews.net)
  • or to work in processing, or the development of biofuels. (coursera.org)
  • The tender tips of the saltwort are also an edible vegetable, and the plant produces an abundance of oil seeds that can be used to make biofuel. (forbes.com)
  • Peru this year opened a biofuels plant that processes soy but by 2010 will be fed with jatropha -- a drought-resistant plant that can be easily grown in Peru's deserts. (reuters.com)
  • The new tools allow to produce both terpenoids and oil, a biofuel resource, in plant leaves. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • The carbohydrates that are formed in the tap root have led to the idea of growing the plant for biofuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • By hydrolyzing plant cell wall polymers, microbes release energy that has the potential to be used by humans as biofuel. (wikipedia.org)
  • not in citation given] Algenol's algae are non-invasive in natural habitats and the company has tested the algae repeatedly to ensure it is non-toxic, non-invasive, and are not plant pests Algenol also offers its algae expertise to develop and manufacture products outside of biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • What's up with Australia and aviation biofuels? (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • In the world of biofuels there is no sector as active as military and aviation biofuels in terms of willing customers. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • For example, in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme it has been proposed by SAFUG that only aviation biofuels that have been certified as sustainable by the RSB or similar bodies would be zero rated. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Denmark, World Maritime News reports that Norden confirmed via Danish social media that it was a launching a second biofuel trial with GoodFuels, this time on the 49,600 dwt tanker Nord Sustainable that left Latvia on its way to Algeria where it is expected to arrive on June 17. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • White Castle and other chains say that corn-based biofuels are driving up food prices. (zdnet.com)
  • corn for ethanol as our first generation biofuel of choice. (coursera.org)
  • Ziegler this week called biofuels a 'crime against humanity,' though he referred mainly to U.S. ethanol derived from corn. (reuters.com)
  • Indigenous people point to an increase in human rights violations, displacements and conflicts due to expropriation of ancestral lands and forests for biofuel plantations -- soya, sugar cane, jatropha, oil-palm, corn, etc,' it said. (france24.com)
  • If this can be achieved in the field and on a large scale, only 3.5 percent of the area growing corn could be used for cyanobacterial biofuels. (innovations-report.com)
  • In Illinois, Royal DSM is expanding its product offering of low glycerol yeast technology for the biofuels industry with the introduction of eBOOST™ GT and a new enzyme for fiber conversion, eBREAK™ 1000F. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • South Africa's government sees much to be excited about in the emerging biofuels industry. (treehugger.com)
  • The EPA is working on a number of critical adjustments to its biofuel policy that are of interest to the oil industry, including resetting targets for annual biofuels blending volumes, lifting a summertime ban on higher-ethanol blends of gasoline, and proposing measures to limit speculation in the blending credit market. (cnbc.com)
  • As a global leader in testing, inspection, and auditing, our team of experts is fully versed in the unique challenges the biofuel industry faces. (intertek.com)
  • Biofuels Markets Americas is part of the Biofuels Markets Global Series of events which attracted over 1000 industry executives from 64 countries in 2006. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • This year's conference will build on the success of the 2006 conference and focus on the challenges and opportunities for the biofuels industry throughout the region. (alternative-energy-news.info)
  • In South Africa, the African News Agency reports that the Democratic Alliance political party has called for the urgent creation of a task force to support the biofuel industry in KwaZulu Natal in response to sugar companies suffering from an onslaught of cheaper sugar imports that has put the sugar industry itself in jeopardy. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • Blame biofuels, the oil industry says. (newser.com)
  • The Center's mission is to develop a sustainable, statewide biofuels industry to reduce this dependence, create jobs and opportunities for prosperity for North Carolinians. (wikipedia.org)
  • The support from the N.C. House and Senate ensured that the Biofuels Center was able to continue building a new biofuels industry in North Carolina. (wikipedia.org)
  • These strategies outline the means to develop a liquid biofuels industry in North Carolina that is substantial in output, agriculturally and economically important, sustainable, and significant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Member airlines represent more than 15% of the industry, and all member CEOs have signed a pledge to work on the development and use of sustainable biofuels for aviation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Gevo, Inc. is a renewable chemicals and advanced biofuels company headquartered in unincorporated Douglas County, Colorado in the Denver-Aurora metropolitan area. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2015 Advanced Hardwood Biofuels Northwest meeting will be held at the UW in Seattle from Sept 8-10. (washington.edu)
  • Those who would benefit from this presentation include technical persons who are, or might be, working on biofuels projects and technology and research managers responsible for developing and implementing biofuels projects. (aiche.org)
  • In California at the annual BIO convention, ExxonMobil and Synthetic Genomics announced a breakthrough in joint research into advanced biofuels involving the improvement of the Nannochloropsis gaditana algae strain. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • This technology has the potential to have significant influence on biofuel research and industries around the world. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • Synbio is a diverse field with diverse applications, and the different contexts (e.g., gain-of-function research, biofuels) raise different ethical and governance challenges. (coursera.org)
  • Not only do these findings explain the basis of surgeonfish diversity, but they may also provide a valuable genetic resource for biofuel research. (biofuelsdigest.com)
  • This strain of Green Algae is becoming an increasingly popular research organism due to its potential to be used as a source of biofuels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Erie is an emerging center for biofuels and environmental research. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is hoped that there will be robotic cultivation of these oil palms and that they will be used to make biofuels. (wikipedia.org)