Bioethics: A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.Bioethical Issues: Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.Ethicists: Persons trained in philosophical or theological ethics who work in clinical, research, public policy, or other settings where they bring their expertise to bear on the analysis of ethical dilemmas in policies or cases. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Democracy: A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.Ethical Analysis: The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.Freedom: The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.Personal Autonomy: Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Ethical Theory: A philosophically coherent set of propositions (for example, utilitarianism) which attempts to provide general norms for the guidance and evaluation of moral conduct. (from Beauchamp and Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, 4th ed)Ethical Relativism: The philosophical view that conceptions of truth and moral values are not absolute but are relative to the persons or groups holding them. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed)Principle-Based Ethics: An approach to ethics that focuses on theories of the importance of general principles such as respect for autonomy, beneficence/nonmaleficence, and justice.Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Morals: Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.Personhood: The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.Confucianism: A school of thought and set of moral, ethical, and political teachings usually considered to be founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century B.C. China. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)Ethics, Clinical: The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Human Rights: The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.Dissent and Disputes: Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.Feminism: The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes and organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests. (Webster New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Human Experimentation: The use of humans as investigational subjects.Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Duty to Warn: A health professional's obligation to breach patient CONFIDENTIALITY to warn third parties of the danger of their being assaulted or of contracting a serious infection.Eugenics: The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Ethics Committees: Committees established by professional societies, health facilities, or other institutions to consider decisions that have bioethical implications. The role of these committees may include consultation, education, mediation, and/or review of policies and practices. Committees that consider the ethical dimensions of patient care are ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL; committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects are ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH.Virtues: Character traits that are considered to be morally praiseworthy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Philosophy, MedicalValue of Life: The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Empirical Research: The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.Beneficence: The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Literature, ModernChristianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Judaism: The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)Moral Development: The process by which individuals internalize standards of right and wrong conduct.HistorySociology: A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Dehumanization: The process by which a person or group of persons comes to be regarded or treated as lacking in human qualities.Social Values: Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.Moral Obligations: Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.Whistleblowing: The reporting of observed or suspected PROFESSIONAL MISCONDUCT or incompetence to appropriate authorities or to the public.Patient Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.Medical Futility: The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)Euthanasia, Active: The act or practice of killing for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person or animal from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)Casuistry: A method of ETHICAL ANALYSIS that emphasizes practical problem solving through examining individual cases that are considered to be representative; sometimes used to denote specious argument or rationalization. Differentiate from casuistics, which is the recording and study of cases and disease.BooksEthics, Nursing: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.Philosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)National Socialism: The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)Ethics Committees, Clinical: Hospital or other institutional ethics committees established to consider the ethical dimensions of patient care. Distinguish from ETHICS COMMITTEES, RESEARCH, which are established to monitor the welfare of patients or healthy volunteers participating in research studies.Paternalism: Interference with the FREEDOM or PERSONAL AUTONOMY of another person, with justifications referring to the promotion of the person's good or the prevention of harm to the person. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995); more generally, not allowing a person to make decisions on his or her own behalf.Metaphysics: The branch of philosophy that treats of first principles, including ontology (the nature of existence or being) and cosmology (the origin and structure of the universe). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Euthanasia, Passive: Failing to prevent death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy by the withdrawal or withholding of life-prolonging treatment.Euthanasia: The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)Postmodernism: A late 20th-century philosophical approach or style of cultural analysis that seeks to reveal the cultural or social construction of concepts conventionally assumed to be natural or universal. (from E.R. DuBose, The Illusion of Trust: Toward a Medical Theological Ethics in the Postmodern Age, Kluwer, 1995)Ethics: The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.Cultural Diversity: Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)Infanticide: The killing of infants at birth or soon after.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Sociobiology: The comparative study of social organization in animals including humans, especially with regard to its genetic basis and evolutionary history. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Truth Disclosure: Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).Manuscripts as Topic: Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)Ethics Committees, Research: Hospital or other institutional committees established to protect the welfare of research subjects. Federal regulations (the "Common Rule" (45 CFR 46)) mandate the use of these committees to monitor federally-funded biomedical and behavioral research involving human subjects.Persistent Vegetative State: Vegetative state refers to the neurocognitive status of individuals with severe brain damage, in whom physiologic functions (sleep-wake cycles, autonomic control, and breathing) persist, but awareness (including all cognitive function and emotion) is abolished.Advisory Committees: Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Jehovah's Witnesses: Members of a religious denomination founded in the United States during the late 19th century in which active evangelism is practiced, the imminent approach of the millennium is preached, and war and organized government authority in matters of conscience are strongly opposed (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). Jehovah's Witnesses generally refuse blood transfusions and other blood-based treatments based on religious belief.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Withholding Treatment: Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.

How identical would cloned children be? An understanding essential to the ethical debate. (1/245)

The ban on human cloning in many countries worldwide is founded on an assumption that cloned children will be identical to each other and to their nuclear donor. This paper explores the scientific basis for this assumption, considering both the principles and practice of cloning in animals and comparing genetic and epigenetic variation in potential human clones with that in monozygotic twins.  (+info)

In defence of medical ethics. (2/245)

A number of recent publications by the philosopher David Seedhouse are discussed. Although medicine is an eminently ethical enterprise, the technical and ethical aspects of health care practices can be distinguished, therefore justifying the existence of medical ethics and its teaching as a specific part of every medical curriculum. The goal of teaching medical ethics is to make health care practitioners aware of the essential ethical aspects of their work. Furthermore, the contention that rational bioethics is a fruitless enterprise because it analyses non-rational social events seems neither theoretically tenable nor to be borne out by actual practice. Medical ethics in particular and bioethics in general, constitute a field of expertise that must make itself understandable and convincing to relevant audiences in health care.  (+info)

Bioethics regulations in Turkey. (3/245)

Although modern technical and scientific developments in medicine are followed closely in Turkey, it cannot be claimed that the same is true in the field of bioethics. Yet, more and more attention is now being paid to bioethics and ethics training in health sciences. In addition, there are also legal regulations in bioethics, some of which are not so new. The objective of these regulations is to provide technical and administrative control. Ethical concerns are rather few. What attracts our attention most in these regulations is the presence of the idea of "consent".  (+info)

Some ethical issues at the population level raised by 'soft' eugenics, euphenics, and isogenics. (4/245)

It is argued that at the population level there are three central genetic developments raising ethical issues. The first is the emergence of 'soft' eugenics, due primarily to the increasing ability to detect carriers of genetic diseases, to monitor their pregnancies, and to provide the option to abort a fetus predisposed to major genetic disease. The second development is the recognition of the extent to which many serious diseases of adult life are due to a disturbance of ancient genetic homeostatic mechanisms due to changing life style, raising the question of whether a society that increasingly pays the medical bills should attempt to impose healthier standards of living on its members. Such an attempt at 'euphenics' may be thought of as the antithesis to eugenics. The third development relates to recognition of the need to regulate the size of the earth's population to numbers that can be indefinitely sustained; this regulation in a fashion (isogenic) that will preserve existing genetic diversity.  (+info)

Ethnicity, bioethics, and prenatal diagnosis: the amniocentesis decisions of Mexican-origin women and their partners. (5/245)

Bioethical standards and counseling techniques that regulate prenatal diagnosis in the United States were developed at a time when the principal constituency for fetal testing was a self-selected group of White, well-informed, middle-class women. The routine use of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) testing, which has become widespread since the mid-1980s, introduced new constituencies to prenatal diagnosis. These new constituencies include ethnic minority women, who, with the exception of women from certain Asian groups, refuse amniocentesis at significantly higher rates than others. This study examines the considerations taken into account by a group of Mexican-origin women who had screened positive for AFP and were deciding whether to undergo amniocentesis. We reviewed 379 charts and interviewed 147 women and 120 partners to test a number of factors that might explain why some women accept amniocentesis and some refuse. A woman's attitudes toward doctors, medicine, and prenatal care and her assessment of the risk and uncertainty associated with the procedure were found to be most significant. Case summaries demonstrate the indeterminacy of the decision-making process. We concluded that established bioethical principles and counseling techniques need to be more sensitive to the way ethnic minority clients make their amniocentesis choices.  (+info)

Talking about cases in bioethics: the effect of an intensive course on health care professionals. (6/245)

Educational efforts in bioethics are prevalent, but little is known about their efficacy. Although previous work indicates that courses in bioethics have a demonstrable effect on medical students, it has not examined their effect on health care professionals. In this report, we describe a study designed to investigate the effect of bioethics education on health care professionals. At the Intensive Bioethics Course, a six-day course held annually at Georgetown University, we administered a questionnaire requiring open-ended responses to vignettes both before and after the course. Following the course, respondents defended their responses more carefully and articulated their thoughts more clearly. In addition, after the course respondents seemed to have a more subtle understanding of the relevant issues in the cases and applied theory to these cases more frequently. These findings help to formulate an understanding of the effect of bioethics education on health care professionals.  (+info)

Ongoing research on mammalian cloning and embryo stem cell technologies: bioethics of their potential medical applications. (7/245)

Reproduction by cloning has been achieved by transfer into enucleated oocytes of nuclei from embryonic cells and more recently from cells of adult animals. The efficiency at which embryos produced by such nuclear transfers will develop into healthy newborns is very low but has succeeded in producing some cloned bovines, ovines and mice. Since the first report of sheep cloning from an adult cell in 1997, the potential applications of reproductive cloning in human medicine have been envisaged amidst a flurry of moral debates. Although the technology is still far from being ready for any human use, it has been condemned up front. It has also led to irrational fantasies and fears, based mainly on the misconception that genetic identity means identical twin personalities. Scientific research is ongoing to refine the cloning technology for applications in the production of genetically homogeneous farm animals with useful nutritional or therapeutic genetic traits. A new area of research is non-reproductive therapeutic cloning for the purpose of producing autologous embryonic cells and tissues for transplantation.  (+info)

Progress and potential for gene-based medicines. (8/245)

During the past decade researchers have explored the potential of gene-based medicines to extend current treatments employing chemical entities and proteins. However, progress has been slower than was originally predicted due to our limited knowledge of the genetic components of major diseases, the complexity of developing active biological agents as therapies, and the stringent and time-consuming tests necessary to ensure safety prior to introduction of these novel modalities in the clinic. In spite of the present technology challenges and clinical setbacks in gene therapy it is anticipated that gene-based medicines will find their niche in disease prevention and management strategies in the coming decade, extending the repertoire of medicines available to satisfy key unmet medical needs. Additionally, progress in xenotransplantation research is creating the opportunity to use gene-modified porcine organs for human transplantation. This innovative approach aims to address the current insufficiency of human donor organs for clinical transplantation.  (+info)

  • The Berman Institute of Bioethics is one of the largest and most highly-regarded bioethics programs in the world and includes scholars with backgrounds in public health, health policy, philosophy, medicine, nursing, social science, biomedical science, global bioethics, and law. (
  • Even before the President's Council on Bioethics had its first meeting in January 2002, charges were flying that the council was stacked with political and religious conservatives, appointed to rubber-stamp the president's moral and political views," Kass wrote. (
  • Ethical Challenges in Short-Term Global Health Training course from the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics consists of a series of ten cases to introduce trainees and others involved in global health research and service to ethical issues that may arise during short-term training experiences abroad. (
  • The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics invite applications for 1 to 2 full-time positions with a focus on bioethics and health policy. (
  • Successful applicants will join thriving communities of scholars within the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's Department of Health Policy and Management. (
  • According to, on Wednesday, March 02, a group of 170 scholars, researchers and physicians signed an open letter to President Bush criticizing him for adding three members to his Council on Bioethics who oppose human cloning and embryonic stem cell research. (
  • Contemporary Debates in Bioethics features a timely collection of highly readable, debate-style arguments contributed by many of today's top bioethics scholars, focusing on core bioethical concerns of the twenty-first century. (
  • It will be an invaluable resource not only for scholars and graduate students in bioethics, but also for those in philosophy, medicine, law, theology, social science, public policy, and public health who wish to keep abreast of developments in bioethics. (
  • Bioethics is a branch of ethical inquiry that examines the nature of biological and technological discoveries and the responsible use of biomedical advances, with particular emphasis upon their moral implications for our individual and common humanity. (
  • Bioethics is the philosophical study of the ethical controversies brought about by advances in biology and medicine. (
  • The articles in this section explore some of the broader issues involved in bioethics, including theological and philosophical explorations central to the discussion of bioethics, the impact bioethical issues have on society as a whole, and engaging the general public on pressing bioethical issues. (
  • The series is intended to elucidate key concepts in bioethics and to help clinicians to integrate bioethical knowledge into daily practice. (
  • Applicants should have a PhD, JD, MD or equivalent graduate degree with the potential for or a demonstrated record of distinguished scholarship at the intersection of bioethics and health policy. (
  • An interest in graduate-level mentoring and teaching in foundational and applied bioethics in a health policy context is required. (
  • Arthur L. Caplan is the Drs. William F. and Virginia Connolly Mitty Professor and Head of the Division of Bioethics at New York University Langone Medical Center in New York City. (
  • Thirty-four contributors reflect the interdisciplinarity that is characteristic of bioethics, and its increasingly international character. (
  • These are 12 month faculty positions with tenure or on the tenure track with an appointment in the Department of Health Policy and Management and a core faculty affiliation in the JHU Berman Institute of Bioethics. (
  • The Department of Health Policy and Management has more than 70 full-time faculty offering masters and doctoral programs in diverse areas including health services research, health and social policy, health economics, health policy and bioethics and health leadership and management. (
  • The Hastings Center Initiative in Bioethics and the Humanities, begun in 2017, is a major research program to enlarge and deepen The Hastings Center's core commitment to humanities-based scholarship in bioethics and to nurture future leaders in this area. (
  • Children's Mercy has made an extraordinary commitment to build a pediatric bioethics center. (
  • We are teaching others through publications in medical journals, through presentations at national and international meetings and through the nation's first certificate program in pediatric bioethics. (
  • We offer a nine-month pediatric bioethics certificate program. (
  • We offer an annual, one-year fellowship in Pediatric Bioethics. (
  • They will also complete a mentored research project on a topic of their choice in pediatric bioethics. (
  • You'll receive updates on reviews of pediatric bioethics cases and current trends. (
  • The Neiswanger Institute for Bioethics and Health Policy at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine is a pluralistic bioethics institute that draws upon the commitment to social justice of the Jesuit and Roman Catholic heritage of the Strit. (
  • Chirac urged the French parliament to adopt a new law on bioethics permitting limited embryo research in France, but keeping a ban on all forms of human cloning. (
  • Human Cloning & Bioethics - Reason Why People Object? (
  • The National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NABC) never seriously debated the merits of human cloning because it was obvious to the members what the conclusion should be. (
  • The National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC) emphasized the importance of distinguishing between human cloning and cloning humans so that while banning the cloning of human beings they do not inadvertently ban human cloning. (
  • Having trained more than 20 bioethicists, former fellows can be found leading programs across the country, contributing to bioethics literature and innovating the field. (
  • Anyone who wants to know how the central debates in bioethics have developed in recent years, and where the debates are going, will want to consult this book. (
  • Contemporary Debates in Bioethics features a timely collection of highly readable, debate-style arguments contributed by many of today's top bioethics scholars, focusing on core bioethical concerns of the twenty-first century. (
  • Research Online Masters in Bioethics Degree Programs on the leading site for accredited Online Graduate Colleges & Universities with Bioethics programs online. (
  • Interested in an online Masters in Bioethics? (
  • Concurrently, the courses in what is now called "bioethics" in undergraduate and residency teaching developed into a robust Program in Bioethics. (
  • Founded in 1998 by award-winning filmmaker and physician, Maren Monsen , the Program in Bioethics and Film creates films and education programs that touch people emotionally and intellectually to cause them to think deeply about important issues in healthcare and improve care. (
  • Offers a thoroughly interdisciplinary approach to bioethics that draws from key concepts, theories, methods and findings from philosophy and the social sciences. (
  • We offer a unique 'real-world' approach to bioethics, allowing students to understand the social and political contexts in which bioethical controversies arise and proposed solutions are developed. (
  • The Center's director, Dr. Dennis Sullivan, explained, 'The purpose of the Center for Bioethics is to teach students to understand bioethical issues from a biblical perspective and to engage and influence the broader American culture. (
  • The articles in this section explore some of the broader issues involved in bioethics, including theological and philosophical explorations central to the discussion of bioethics, the impact bioethical issues have on society as a whole, and engaging the general public on pressing bioethical issues. (
  • This programme offers tuition and training in Bioethics, focusing on ethical issues arising in the practice of the medical professions and medical research involving human subjects. (
  • Bioethics refers in the broadest sense to the range of ethical issues that arise from the study and practice of biological and medical science. (
  • The National Catholic Bioethics Center (Center) is a non-profit research and educational institute committed to applying the moral teachings of the Catholic Church to ethical issues arising in health care and the life sciences. (
  • This seminal collection on the ethical issues associated with infectious disease is the first book to correct bioethics' glaring neglect of this subject. (
  • The Children's Mercy Bioethics Center has collected resources addressing some of the ethical issues that we've encountered during the COVID-19 pandemic. (
  • The Bioethics Institute is committed to offering a challenging undergraduate and graduate curriculum, expanding research initiatives for interdisciplinary collaboration of faculty across various Departments and Colleges, and renewing our involvement in the larger community through public lectures, symposia, and a critical contribution to the most controversial ethical issues of the day. (
  • By the early 1990s, feminist bioethics had emerged as a distinctive academic concentration offering sustained critique of mainstream bioethics. (
  • We practice ethical standards used by many transplant programs in North America, and we work closely with UHN's Bioethics Program . (
  • PARIS - French President Jacques Chirac said Sunday he would lead an initiative for an international convention on bioethics to prevent abuse of cloning research. (
  • Bioethics has generated a massive literature ranging over a broad array of moral problems that arise within biomedical and life science research, the healthcare professions, and the institutions and bodies that deliver healthcare services. (
  • During the 1980s, feminists in particular argued that bioethics was developing in a way that gave too little attention to gender-specific disparities in healthcare research and therapy, or to the effects of other power disparities, such as class and ethnicity, on quality of healthcare. (
  • With the advent of cloning and research on embryonic stem cells , bioethics has become an important branch of scientific inquiry. (
  • In February 1998, bioethicist Ezekiel Emanuel had to leave President Bill Clinton's bioethics panel on his appointment as chair of the bioethics department at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Md. The current commission, however, includes Christine Grady, an expert in human subjects research who is currently the acting bioethics chief at the NIH. (
  • Discussion of the bioethics of human stem cell research has transitioned from controversies over the source of human embryonic stem cells to concerns about the ethical use of stem cells in basic and clinical research. (
  • Exploring Bioethics" covers six topics: genetic testing, the use of human subjects in research, steroid use by athletes, organ allocation for transplants, and the modification of animals for human benefit. (
  • He was previously the Sesquicentenary Lecturer in Bioethics at the University of Sydney and a Lecturer and Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. (
  • We are dedicated to locally, nationally, and internationally recognized innovation and excellence in Bioethics Education , Bioethics Research and Scholarship , Bioethics Consultation and Bioethics Community Service. (
  • Even the philosophical disputes that frame secular bioethics are often motivated and shaped by these background cultural conflicts. (
  • Significant questions are addressed in bioethics: the ends and purposes of the life sciences and healthcare, the meanings and implications of distributive justice, and issues in global healthcare. (
  • Such an error has grave implications for Catholic bioethics and health care. (
  • Bioethics is a branch of ethical inquiry that examines the nature of biological and technological discoveries and the responsible use of biomedical advances, with particular emphasis upon their moral implications for our individual and common humanity. (
  • Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics publishes original scholarly articles, occasional special issues on important topics, and book reviews. (
  • The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine: the Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine, which was opened for signature on 4 April 1997 in Oviedo, Spain, is the only binding international legal instrument on the subject of bioethics. (
  • 1 As diversity continues to increase and immigrants bring with them more varied backgrounds, they will bring to medicine, as both physicians and providers, different perspectives on bioethics. (
  • But funding bioethics is less an act of corporate good will than the latest move in a larger strategy: buying off the entire apparatus of academic medicine. (
  • Aupetit, who practiced medicine and taught bioethics at a medical school before entering the priesthood, said there was no urgency requiring the French parliament "to force through" in July "this set of laws which affects the very essence of our humanity. (
  • Bioethics, for those not in the know, concerns itself with the ethical questions raised by advancing knowledge and technological sophistication in biology, medicine, and the life sciences. (
  • Each sub-discipline has its own particular area of bioethics , but there is a significant overlap of many issues, ethical approaches, concepts, and moral considerations. (
  • Bioethics provides a disciplinary framework for the whole array of moral questions and issues surrounding the life sciences concerning human beings, animals, and nature. (
  • WASHINGTON (CNN) -- President Clinton asked a White House bioethics advisory commission of outside experts to look at ethical, legal and other issues raised by the successful cloning of a sheep in Scotland. (
  • In this series we've been covering three broad areas of bioethics categorized as "making life" (beginning of life issues, such as reproductive technologies), "taking life" (end of life issues, such as abortion and euthanasia), and "faking life" (the melding of. (
  • In this series we'll be covering three broad areas of bioethics categorized as "making life" (beginning of life issues, such as reproductive. (
  • The tension between these two notions of human dignity is evident, and I suspect that any time we think seriously about a range of issues in bioethics we are likely to find ourselves caught up in just this tension, looking for ways to distinguish one meaning of the term from another, or looking for other terms to mark the distinction. (
  • Michael Sleasman, "Bioethics Past, Present, and Future: Important Signposts in Human Dignity" (An overview of bioethics and the breadth of issues it encompasses). (
  • Your global information source for bioethics news and issues. (
  • In an article in the American Journal of Bioethics, a Loyola bioethicist is calling political satirist Jon Stewart "our greatest public intellectual. (
  • The archbishop of Paris has criticized the French parliament's decision to debate a controversial bioethics bill which would increase access to in vitro fertilization while the country is still recovering from the coronavirus pandemic. (
  • The pandemic from which we are just emerging has reminded us of our common vulnerability, the need to return to a certain sobriety, the richness, as well as the fragility, of family relationships, and now the government thinks it can quickly conclude the discussion of this bioethics bill as if nothing had happened," Aupetit wrote. (
  • Under the National Bioethics Advisory Commission's proposal, scientists would be barred from implanting a cloned embryo into a woman's uterus. (
  • Offers a rich programme of guest lectures and seminars, including the KCL / UCL Joint Bioethics Colloquium, and the GHSM Seminar Series. (
  • In 2001 a companion journal was established named Developing World Bioethics and both journals can only be obtained in a combined subscription. (
  • Something that might be called the bioethics "movement" was first triggered by widespread protest against such gross abuses of medical authority as the Nazi doctors' experiments on unconsenting concentration camp inmates, culminating in the Nuremberg Doctors' Trial of 1946 (Weindling 2004), and the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, a forty-year study of poor black men with untreated syphilis in the American Deep South (Reverby 2009). (
  • Bioethics as a pluridisciplinary activity aims to clarify and solve actual ethical problems generated by science and bio-medical technologies. (
  • Sound medical bioethics is grounded in natural law and a respect for the sanctity and dignity of human life. (
  • This article also contains a discussion about the vital issue of moral status-and hence protection-in the context of bioethics, that is, whether moral status is ascribed depending on rationality, harm, or any other feature. (
  • In arriving at moral decisions in bioethics, we need to combine and relate two different kinds of data. (