Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.
A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
A school of thought and set of moral, ethical, and political teachings usually considered to be founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century B.C. China. (from Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, 1995)
The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Postcoital contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to synthetic preparations.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
The state or condition of being a human individual accorded moral and/or legal rights. Criteria to be used to determine this status are subject to debate, and range from the requirement of simply being a human organism to such requirements as that the individual be self-aware and capable of rational thought and moral agency.
Experimentation on STEM CELLS and on the use of stem cells.
The theory of the political, economic, and social equality of the sexes and organized activity on behalf of women's rights and interests. (Webster New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
The use of systematic methods of ethical examination, such as CASUISTRY or ETHICAL THEORY, in reasoning about moral problems.
The state or quality of being kind, charitable, or beneficial. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). The ethical principle of BENEFICENCE requires producing net benefit over harm. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The use of humans as investigational subjects.
Duties that are based in ETHICS, rather than in law.
The identification, analysis, and resolution of moral problems that arise in the care of patients. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
A syndrome characterized by HYPERPIGMENTATION, enlarging pituitary mass, visual defects secondary to compression of the OPTIC CHIASM, and elevated serum ACTH. It is caused by the expansion of an underlying ACTH-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA that grows in the absence of feedback inhibition by adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS, usually after ADRENALECTOMY.
Non-cadaveric providers of organs for transplant to related or non-related recipients.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An ethnic group with shared religious beliefs. Originating in Switzerland in the late 1600s, and first migrating to the mid-Atlantic, they now live throughout Eastern and Mid-Western United States and elsewhere. Communities are usually close-knit and marriage is within the community.
Persons ordained for religious duties, who serve as leaders and perform religious services.
Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.
The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.
A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.
Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)
The group in which legal authority is vested for the control of health-related institutions and organizations.
The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.
Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A contagious venereal disease caused by the spirochete TREPONEMA PALLIDUM.
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
Human experimentation that is not intended to benefit the subjects on whom it is performed. Phase I drug studies (CLINICAL TRIALS, PHASE I AS TOPIC) and research involving healthy volunteers are examples of nontherapeutic human experimentation.
The human being as a non-anatomical and non-zoological entity. The emphasis is on the philosophical or artistic treatment of the human being, and includes lay and social attitudes toward the body in history. (From J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
A field of biological research combining engineering in the formulation, design, and building (synthesis) of novel biological structures, functions, and systems.
Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.
A group of disorders characterized by an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance with high rates of spontaneous mutation and multiple neurofibromas or neurilemmomas. NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1 (generalized neurofibromatosis) accounts for approximately 95% of cases, although multiple additional subtypes (e.g., NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 2, neurofibromatosis 3, etc.) have been described. (From Neurochirurgie 1998 Nov;44(4):267-72)
Establishing the father relationship of a man and a child.
Excision of breast tissue with preservation of overlying skin, nipple, and areola so that breast form may be reconstructed.
An educational process that provides information and advice to individuals or families about a genetic condition that may affect them. The purpose is to help individuals make informed decisions about marriage, reproduction, and other health management issues based on information about the genetic disease, the available diagnostic tests, and management programs. Psychosocial support is usually offered.
Removal of only the breast tissue and nipple and a small portion of the overlying skin.
This discipline concerns the study of SEXUALITY, and the application of sexual knowledge such as sexual attitudes, psychology, and SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. Scope of application generally includes educational (SEX EDUCATION), clinical (SEX COUNSELING), and other settings.

How physician executives and clinicians perceive ethical issues in Saudi Arabian hospitals. (1/256)

OBJECTIVES: To compare the perceptions of physician executives and clinicians regarding ethical issues in Saudi Arabian hospitals and the attributes that might lead to the existence of these ethical issues. DESIGN: Self-completion questionnaire administered from February to July 1997. SETTING: Different health regions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of 457 physicians (317 clinicians and 140 physician executives) from several hospitals in various regions across the kingdom. RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences in the perceptions of physician executives and clinicians regarding the existence of various ethical issues in their hospitals. The vast majority of physician executives did not perceive that seven of the eight issues addressed by the study were ethical concerns in their hospitals. However, the majority of the clinicians perceived that six of the same eight issues were ethical considerations in their hospitals. Statistically significant differences in the perceptions of physician executives and clinicians were observed in only three out of eight attributes that might possibly lead to the existence of ethical issues. The most significant attribute that was perceived to result in ethical issues was that of hospitals having a multinational staff. CONCLUSION: The study calls for the formulation of a code of ethics that will address specifically the physicians who work in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. As a more immediate initiative, it is recommended that seminars and workshops be conducted to provide physicians with an opportunity to discuss the ethical dilemmas they face in their medical practice.  (+info)

Description of an ethics curriculum for a medicine residency program. (2/256)

This paper examines the attempts to develop and implement an ethics curriculum for the Internal Medicine Residency Program at the University of Maryland Medical Center. The objectives of the curriculum were to enhance moral reasoning skills and to promote humanistic attitudes and behavior among the residents. The diverse methodologies used to achieve these objectives included case discussions, literature reading, role playing, writing, and videos. These activities occurred predominantly within the forum of morning report sessions and ethics ward rounds. The author also describes efforts to overcome the initial constraints associated with the implementation of this curriculum and concludes by exploring future directions for the curriculum.  (+info)

Bioethics regulations in Turkey. (3/256)

Although modern technical and scientific developments in medicine are followed closely in Turkey, it cannot be claimed that the same is true in the field of bioethics. Yet, more and more attention is now being paid to bioethics and ethics training in health sciences. In addition, there are also legal regulations in bioethics, some of which are not so new. The objective of these regulations is to provide technical and administrative control. Ethical concerns are rather few. What attracts our attention most in these regulations is the presence of the idea of "consent".  (+info)

An international survey of medical ethics curricula in Asia. (4/256)

SETTING: Medical ethics education has become common, and the integrated ethics curriculum has been recommended in Western countries. It should be questioned whether there is one, universal method of teaching ethics applicable worldwide to medical schools, especially those in non-Western developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To characterise the medical ethics curricula at Asian medical schools. DESIGN: Mailed survey of 206 medical schools in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Korea, Mongolia, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Australia and New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 100 medical schools responded, a response rate of 49%, ranging from 23%-100% by country. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The degree of integration of the ethics programme into the formal medical curriculum was measured by lecture time; whether compulsory or elective; whether separate courses or unit of other courses; number of courses; schedule; total length, and diversity of teachers' specialties. RESULTS: A total of 89 medical schools (89%) reported offering some courses in which ethical topics were taught. Separate medical ethics courses were mostly offered in all countries, and the structure of vertical integration was divided into four patterns. Most deans reported that physicians' obligations and patients' rights were the most important topics for their students. However, the evaluation was diverse for more concrete topics. CONCLUSION: Offering formal medical ethics education is a widespread feature of medical curricula throughout the study area. However, the kinds of programmes, especially with regard to integration into clinical teaching, were greatly diverse.  (+info)

Ethical considerations in international HIV vaccine trials: summary of a consultative process conducted by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). (5/256)

Research that is initiated, designed or funded by sponsor agencies based in countries with relatively high social and economic development, and conducted in countries that are relatively less developed, gives rise to many important ethical challenges. Although clinical trials of HIV vaccines began ten years ago in the US and Europe, an increasing number of trials are now being conducted or planned in other countries, including several that are considered "developing" countries. Safeguarding the rights and welfare of individuals participating as research subjects in developing countries is a priority. In September, 1997, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) embarked on a process of international consultation; its purpose was further to define the important ethical issues and to formulate guidance that might facilitate the ethical design and conduct of HIV vaccine trials in international contexts. This paper summarises the major outcomes of the UNAIDS consultative process.  (+info)

What makes a problem an ethical problem? An empirical perspective on the nature of ethical problems in general practice. (6/256)

Whilst there has been considerable debate about the fit between moral theory and moral reasoning in everyday life, the way in which moral problems are defined has rarely been questioned. This paper presents a qualitative analysis of interviews conducted with 15 general practitioners (GPs) in South Australia to argue that the way in which the bioethics literature defines an ethical dilemma captures only some of the range of lay views about the nature of ethical problems. The bioethics literature has defined ethical dilemmas in terms of conflict and choice between values, beliefs and options for action. While some of the views of some of the GPs in this study about the nature of their ethical dilemmas certainly accorded with this definition, other explanations of the ethical nature of their problems revolved around the publicity associated with the issues they were discussing, concern about their relationships with patients, and anxiety about threats to their integrity and reputation. The variety of views about what makes a problem a moral problem indicates that the moral domain is perhaps wider and richer than mainstream bioethics would generally allow.  (+info)

The ethical challenge of infection-inducing challenge experiments. (7/256)

Challenge experiments that induce infections in healthy volunteers are an important method for initial efficacy testing of candidate vaccines and for study of the pathogenesis of infectious diseases. Although these studies can be conducted safely for selected infectious diseases that are either fully treatable or self-limiting, they raise significant ethical issues. An ethical framework is offered for evaluating infection-inducing challenge experiments, which focuses on the scientific and public health rationale for conducting these studies, the risks that they pose and the ways in which these risks can be minimized, the symptoms experienced by healthy volunteers that may cause discomfort or distress, the exclusion of vulnerable research subjects, the informed consent process, the payment of volunteers, and the use of isolation of volunteers to prevent infection of others.  (+info)

Ethics and family practice: some modern dilemmas. (8/256)

Ethical dilemmas in family practice have increased in frequency and complexity as both the potential benefit and the potential harm of medical treatments have increased. All physicians must be aware of moral issues relating to medicine. Family physicians commonly face ethical problems concerning the patient with diminished autonomy; the right to refuse treatment; allocation of resources; informed consent; surrogate consent (for children, for the incompetent, and for those with diminished autonomy); and the appropriate level of aggressiveness in treatment.  (+info)

President Barack Obama appointed COL Nelson Michael, the Director of MHRP, to the Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. The Commission will advise the President on bioethical issues that may emerge from advances in biomedicine and related areas of science and technology. President Obama signed an Executive Order creating the new Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues on November 24, 2009.
Donnelly, P. K. and Henderson, R. and Price, D. A. (1999) Professional attitudes to bioethical issues ration the supply of marginal living donor kidneys for transplantation. Transplantation Proceedings, 31 (1-2). pp. 1349-1351. ISSN 1873-2623. Full text not available from this repository ...
The Role of the Commission. The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues (the Bioethics Commission) advises the President on bioethical issues arising from the advances in biomedicine and related areas of science and technology. The Bioethics Commission has advised the President on the future of synthetic biology, protecting participants in human subjects research, whole genome sequencing, and has performed an investigation into unethical STD experiments in the 1940s in Guatemala. Currently, the Bioethics Commission is reviewing the ethical considerations of conducting research with children for medical countermeasures, which include FDA-regulated products used in response to chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear attacks. The Bioethics Commission is an independent, deliberative panel of experts that advises the President and the Administration, and, in so doing, educates the nation on bioethical issues.. ...
Dr. Mark is recognized nationally and internationally as an expert on disability issues. He appears regularly on radio and TV, and writes about disability & bioethical issues in the print media. He consults on disability issues at the United Nations. His work has appeared in The Chicago Tribune, USA Today, The Virginian Pilot, The Richmond Times Despatch, The North Country Times, The Conservative Voice, & at World Net Daily. Dr. Mark has been quoted in The Washington Post, the Atlanta Journal Constitution, City Beat (Cincinnati), LifesiteNews.com (Pittsburgh), & The National Post (Canada). In October Dr. Mark will deliver a paper entitled The Old Face Of The New Eugenics at Canadas National Pro-Life Conference in Toronto. He will also present a paper related to bioethical issues and disability at the First International Conference of Sociology and Psychology in Antalya, Turkey, in November ...
DR. WAGNER: Lets go ahead and collect some thoughts for a final session here. Christine. I got you. Actually I shouldnt have been yelling at you because I dont see Dan or Nelson here. Oh, we got Nelson. Why dont we - Dan is so wonderfully perceptive. He can jump in halfway through this and he is good like that, so lets go ahead and get started.. Oh, heres Dan. Perfect, perfect timing. Perfect timing.. With thanks to all of our presenters and panelists. Let me try to frame up an initial question anyway to get the round table started.. We could have spoken all morning on just about any of the tangents that we took our questions - that our questions took, but we do have a task of defining a charge in this area of neuroscience, and given that there is the prospect that we will have more avenues by which to perceive and perhaps even to know ourselves and to know others, if we could address as a Commission only one aspect of the impact of the advances in neuroscience, what would you recommend ...
SESSION 2: MEMBER DISCUSSION. DR. GUTMANN: Welcome back, everybody. We are turning to the regulatory mechanisms for distributing and studying Medical Counter Measures in an emergency and several Commission members suggested, as did many people who presented to us previously, how important it is that there be preparedness and well begin with a brief presentation from the Commissions Executive Director, who is also an expert bioethicist in her own right, Dr. Lisa M. Lee, who will review for us what are the regulatory mechanisms that exist for distributing and studying Medical Counter Measures in an emergency. Dr. Lee, take it away for us. DR. LEE: Thank you. A couple important things as we discuss how well go about distributing and studying Medical Counter Measures in the event of an event include that distribution for treatment and distribution for research are different things, as weve discussed. In the case of an event, well likely be most concerned, obviously, with treatment and making ...
Special Focus. Movement to Explore Bioethical Issues. An extraordinary movement is under way to put together the most conscientious thinking in the nation on the many moral and ethical issues raised by advances in the medical and biological sciences. The object is to develop a set of commonly accepted principles to guide those responsible for making life and death decisions-as some put it, to guide man in playing God. Problems in medical ethics are not new but in recent years they have taken on a character and dimension undreamed of in the past. Doctors have always had to weigh the benefits of certain medications against their hazards. But never before have the options signified such fateful consequences for the individual and for society.. Major new developments in the biological and medical sciences call for moral and ethical decisions for which there are few precedents. They include fertilization of human egg cells in the laboratory; determination of certain genetic characteristics, ...
It is tempting as scientists to think that we can treat risk assessment as we would treat any scientific protocols - that with a few key steps and critical considerations, we will always end up with the right answer. However, assessing risk, particularly for environmental projects, is not that simple. Thinking about potential impacts and risks often turns up more questions than answers, and it is difficult to know where to start. For this reason, we have employed three approaches to risk assessment. The first was developed by Cornells Environmental Health & Safety Department, pertaining specifically to work with recombinant organisms. The next was developed by the Environmental Protection Agency as a general environmental risk assessment and modified by both the Woodrow Wilson Center and our team for use on our synthetic biology project. Finally, we strived to embody the design principles set forth by the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. Each approach has its ...
1] EUCelLEX: Cell-based regenerative medicine: new challenges for EU legislation and governance (Grant agreement no.: 601806), available at http://www.eucellex.eu (accessed 5 May 2017). The countries included were Austria, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Hungary, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. They were selected with a view to securing sufficient diversity in the research of national regulatory regimes. The scope of the project consequently determines the scope of analysis in this article.. [2] It is important to note that we speak about stem cell technologies in plural, indicating that there are indeed multiple technologies in question which may raise very different issues requiring regulatory intervention. The emergence of human embryonic stem cell (hESC) technology meant that bioethical issues, which had no relevance for blood stem cells or adult stem cells, in particular the protection of human (embryonic) life, had to be addressed. The more recently discovered possibility of ...
This is not your typical blog. We have recruited scholars and public policy analysts from around the world to provide daily news and commentary on the implications of bioethical issues for women. We hope youll bookmark this page and let us know what you think: just click on the comment link at the bottom of each post to join the discussion. To sign up for the WBP newsletter, visit our homepage at www.womensbioethics.org or follow us on Twitter at http://twitter.com/ ...
HEALTH CHANGES ASSOCIATED WITH AGING are a fact of life, but health disparities dont have to be. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded $2.7 million to create the Deep South Resource Center for Minority Aging Research (RCMAR), aimed at reducing health disparities for older African Americans. Along with the University of Alabama, Tuskegee University, and Morehouse School of Medicine, UAB will support faculty development and conduct research related to rural elders, new prevention and treatment interventions, discrimination, and bioethical issues. Richard Allman, M.D., director of UABs Center for Aging and lead investigator on the grant, hopes it will ultimately become not only a regional but also a national resource for expertise related to health disparities between older African Americans and whites.. AN ADDITIONAL $13 MILLION for three other initiatives will help UAB researchers promote preventive care for all ages: The National Cancer Institutes Minority Institution/Cancer ...
Below are problem sets and exams from the last two terms of 7.012 - Fall 04 and Fall 05, to aid you in your studying.. In addition, below is a LIST OF LINKS for each day of lecture. These links allow you to explore the topics from each lecture by: -- viewing photographs and movies, -- watching animations,. -- reading about famous scientists, -- researching diseases,. -- and reading about bioethical issues that will expand your knowledge and appreciation for the subjects at hand. ...
Do you think the number of bioethical issues will increase or decrease in the future? why?Do you…. I think that there is no way that the number of such issues will decrease in the future. I think it is inevitable that the number will grow. The reason for this is the fact that our technological…. 7 educator answers. ...
To Gemma Robleda and Josep-E. Baños of the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau and Pompeu Fabra University, respectively, for the project: Evaluating pain in adults without the capacity for communication. A bioethical analysis in hospitalization units for critical patients [L'avaluació del dolor en persones adultes sense capacitat de comunicació. Un anàlisi bioètic en les unitats d'hospitalització de pacients crítics]. Establishing the existence and intensity of pain is necessary if we are to provide pain relief, but in practice it is often very difficult to do so, particularly in patients who lack the capacity for communication. This study aims to analyze the pain evaluation methods used in units caring for critical patients, and to identify how frequently they are used. It will also seek to identify the pain relief treatments applied in painful procedures in these units, and to discover the opinions of the health professionals who work in them.
What is one bioethical concern with using embryonic stem cells for regenerative medicine? Stem cells must always be provided by a donor who is finan...
A place to promote ethical reflection, encourage diversity, work for equal consideration, provide a platform for authors, and empower fair publishing for Ph.D. theses from the global South.. ...
INTRODUCTION. The process of generating a new human being has always been the object of particular fascination for philosophers and scientists throughout our history. Today, without doubt, the issue has acquired new dimensions given that we have acquired the capacity to intervene in life at its beginnings in ways that could not have been anticipated a few decades ago, which is of great scientific, anthropological and ethical importance. The decisions that we take with respect to human beings in development, particularly in relation to intervention against human embryos are today the subject of debate. For example, the biomedical advances related to in vitro fertilization, pre-implantation diagnosis, genetic engineering, human cloning (Santos, 2005), the use of maternal embryonic cells (Ventura-Juncá, 2009) and emergency contraceptives are procedures that make the contemporariness and importance of the issue very evident.. To have a lucid debate it is necessary to identify precisely what are the ...
geneticliteracyproject Today, the New York Times has published yet another article aiming to prove to readers that genetic testing, especially
A new tool for genome editing offers genetic engineering on an unprecedented scale. It has triggered a major bioethical debate, and you are invited to join.
In the last few years, the standard tests for fetal abnormalities have been largely replaced with new genetic tests. Since they launched, traditional procedures that confer a small risk of miscarriage have dropped by about 70 percent. Now we face a big ethical issue: these tests reveal much more about future diseases than those they replaced. What information should parents know, and what can and should they do about it?
Genetically modified organisms are developed by inserting the gene of interest in the organisms. Explore the ethical issues related to them only at BYJUS.
From government control of health care to new reproductive technologies in this century, well need to be able identify key issues, articulate their values and concerns, deliberate openly and find ways forward.. The Hastings Center and the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues have teamed up to publish a series of essays to highlight the best practices in teaching bioethics and to identify gaps in our knowledge of how best to inspire and increase moral understanding, analytical thinking in the moral domain, and professional integrity. The first three of these essays, which appear in the current Hastings Center Report, focus on bioethics education for practicing clinicians.. ...
PORTLAND, Ore. - The recent production of stem cells from cloned human embryos has prompted a researcher to consider the need for scientists to take other disciplines into account before engaging their work.. Scientists ... do not consider bioethical issues to be issues at all; they dont see the bioethical argument or any philosophical argument, Massimo Bionaz, assistant professor of animal sciences at Oregon State University, told Catholic News Agency May 17.. The May issue of the journal Cell included a paper from scientists at Oregon Health and Science University announcing they have produced embryonic stem cells by transferring the DNA of a human skin cell into a human egg to produce an embryo.. After the eggs own nucleus was removed, the nucleus from another persons skin cell was added into the egg, and with electricity and caffeine the researchers were able to induce the normal development of an embryo. The embryos were thus genetic copies - clones - of the persons whose DNA was ...
Presented by Aimee B. Biller, M.D., Ethics facilitator, CTSI, Associate Professor of Pediatrics, UPSOM. To achieve the goals of precision medicine it is imperative that human subjects research be inclusive and conducted in a way that inspires trust in all populations. Bioethical principles require vigilance both in the design of, and consent for, clinical trials in many special populations. Attendees will learn the moral reasoning behind current safeguards for certain populations as well as consider emerging bioethical issues in human subjects research. (subject matter: human participant research). ...
ZAGO, Bruna; SWIECH, Liliane Mayumi; BONAMIGO, Elcio Luiz e SCHLEMPER JUNIOR, Bruno Rodolfo. Bioethical Aspects of Health Judicialization for drugs in 13 Municipalities in the Midwest of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Acta bioeth. [online]. 2016, vol.22, n.2, pp.293-302. ISSN 1726-569X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S1726-569X2016000200016.. Health´s judicialization is a recent phenomenon in Brazil, with serious repercussions for the Brazilian public health system. The aim of this work was to study its occurrence in thirteen small towns in the Midwest of Santa Catarina, southern Brazil, in the period of 2007-2012, analyze bioethical issues related and propose solutions. The results showed that, in this period, the total value/year of lawsuits by drugs increased almost 10 times, benefiting only 175 patients, or 0.134% of 129,497 inhabitants, at a cost of R$ 1.484.389,92 (US$ 740,000). Therefore, it can be inferred that the principle of autonomy of these patients and physician, committed, intensely, the ...
Public health is a discipline focused on promoting the health of communities as well as local, regional, national and international populations. This may include public education and mandatory or voluntary health programs that promote general health and safety research (such as food &water safety and the impact of environmental hazards), preventing widespread outbreaks of disease or other serious health problems within a population (such as through vaccination and the detection and control of infectious diseases), as well as the examining, preparing for, and responding to health threats posed by natural and human-made disasters. As part of its community-based engagement, public health also examines and seeks to limit disparities in healthcare access and outcomes. Bioethical issues specific to public health include among other things the role of public health agencies in limiting personal autonomy, maintaining individual privacy in the collection of public health data, and safety and efficacy of ...
Canada Research Chair in Neuroethics Professor of Neurology National Core for Neuroethics University of British Columbia Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues February 2011. Frontiers in Incidental Findings. Judy Illes, Ph.D. Agenda. Background Current landscape...
At the onset of Life, Liberty and the Defense of Dignity, Leon Kass gives us a status report on where we stand today: Human nature itself lies on the operating table, ready for alteration, for eugenic and psychic enhancement, for wholesale redesign. In leading laboratories, academic and industrial, new creators are confidently amassing their powers and quietly honing their skills, while on the street their evangelists are zealously prophesying a posthuman future. For anyone who cares about preserving our humanity, the time has come for paying attention. Trained as a medical doctor and biochemist, Dr. Kass has become one of our most provocative thinkers on bioethical issues. Now, in this brave and searching book, he also establishes himself as a prophetic voice summoning us to think deeply about the new biomedical technologies threatening to take us back to the future envisioned by Aldous Huxley in Brave New World. As in Huxleys dystopia, where life has been smoothed out by genetic manipulation
You may have heard of Maria del Carmen Bousada, the woman who holds the world record for being oldest woman to be pregnant and give birth. She was 66 years old when she underwent in vitro fertilization. The subsequent birth of her two twins created news worldwide, and stirred afresh the ongoing debate as to the implications and responsibilities related to fertility efforts (particularly given the fact that she lied to the fertility clinic and said she was 55-years old, the maximum threshold for females who want to undergo artificial insemination).. That debate has taken on a new twist with the announcement last week that Ms. Bousada has died at age 69, leaving behind her now-two-year old twins babies. (So much for her assurances to the fertility doctors that because her own mother lived to be 101 years old, she too would be old enough to properly care for the children.). As with any of the bioethical issues that are addressed on this blog, the proverbial slippery slope is a constant theme. And ...
In the first session of its twenty-fourth meeting, the Bioethics Commission reviewed its current portfolio of educational materials and assessed how it might be expanded to reach new audiences. The Bioethics Commission heard from Elizabeth Pike, J.D., LL.M., a Senior Policy and Research Analyst at the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues; Maneesha […] Full Article. ...
What is the point of a biography? For sure, there are the practical aspects. Writers have to make their way in the world. Readers are naturally curious about famous individuals, particularly those in the same line of work, who usually provide more than their fair share of schadenfreude. Thomas Söderqvist, chair of the Department of History of Medicine at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, aims higher than this, however; in portraying the life of Niels Kaj Jerne (1911-1994) he hopes to provide food for ethical reflection for readers in the centres of technoscience who are asking the perennial questions: what is good, what is bad and what constitutes a flourishing life?. As food for ethical reflection, Jerne provides quite a banquet. Tellingly, he saved virtually all his correspondence and manuscript drafts since his school days in anticipation of recounting his glorious life to lesser beings. Söderqvist interviewed Jerne extensively (160 hours of recorded conversations) over several ...
The regulation of science refers to use of law, or other ruling, by academic or governmental bodies to allow or restrict science from performing certain practices, or researching certain scientific areas. It is a bioethical issue related to other practices such as abortion and euthanasia; and areas of research such as stem-cell research and cloning synthetic biology. Science could be regulated by legislation if seen as harmful (such as euthanasia), immoral (such as abortion), or dangerous. For these reasons it is closely related to religion, culture and society. Tragic events such as the St. Louis tragedy or the Tuskegee syphilis experiment have prompted regulations in biomedical research. Over the years, regulations have extended to animal welfare and research misconduct. The federal government also monitors the production and sale of the results of biomedical research such as drugs and biopharmaceuticals. The FDA and the Department of Health and Human Services oversee the implementation of ...
The latest Part of the Journal of Law and Medicine includes the following sections: Editorial: The medico-scientific marginalisation of homeopathy: International legal and regulatory developments - Ian Freckelton QC; Legal Issues: Disciplinary proceedings against doctors who abuse controlled substances - Danuta Mendelson; Medical Issues: Methamphetamine: Where will the stampede take us? - Danny Sullivan and Michael McDonough; Bioethical Issues: Never regard yourself as already so thoroughly informed: The withdrawal of its invitation to Rodney Syme to address its 2015 congress by the Royal Australasian College of Physicians - Malcolm Parker, Ian Kerridge and Paul Komesaroff; Medical Law Reporter: Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v ACN 117 372 915: Should consumer law regulate doctor-patient relations in a corporatised health care system? - Jessica Wallace, Ella Pyman and Thomas Faunce; and Letter to the Editor. Also in this Part are the following articles: Medical teams ...
The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues released its recommendations on the oversight of synthetic biology, provoking strong criticism from public interest watchdogs for its failure to respond to key environmental and public health risks. In a letter sent to the commission, 58 environmental, public interest, and religious groups rejected the recommendations as a deeply flawed response to advances in synthetic biology, including the creation this year of the first entirely synthetic organism, that demand strong federal oversight.
Helga Kuhse is Adjunct Research Fellow, Centre for Human Bioethics at Monash University. She is the author, co-author or editor of more than 150 professional articles and some 15 books, including The Sanctity-of-Life-Doctrine in Medicine: A Critique (1987), Caring: Nurses, Women and Ethics (1997), Unsanctifying Human Life: Essays on Ethics (2006), and A Companion to Bioethics, 2nd Edition, (2012).. Udo Schüklenkholds the Ontario Research Chair in Bioethics and Public Policy at Queens University at Kingston in Canada. He is a Joint Editor-in-Chief of Bioethics, the journal of the International Association of Bioethics. He is the author, co-author or editor of 160 contributions in journals and anthologies and 7 books including 50 Voices of Disbelief: Why We Are Atheists 2009), The Bioethics Reader (2007) and 50 Great Myths About Atheism (2013).. Peter Singer is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University and Laureate Professor at the University of Melbourne. He is the author, ...
INDEX. 1. Abstract. 2. Introduction. 3. Materials and Methods. 4. Results. 4.1. Production of papers with bioethical content in general and by authors from Ibero-American institutions. 4.2. Scientific production by Ibero-American countries. 4.3. Diachronic evolution of scientific production. 4.4. Publications by authors from Ibero-American institutions in collaboration with authors from institutions in other countries. 4.5. Number of papers published in Ibero-American journals. 4.6. Assessment of the quality of the papers as determined by the number of citations received. 4.7. Assessment of the quality of the papers as determined by the number of citations received. 4.8. Number of articles published by Ibero-American authors in peer-reviewed journals in the area of bioethics and the number of citations. 4.9. Number of articles published by Ibero-American authors in peer-reviewed journals in the area of bioethics and the number of citations. 5. Discussion. 6. Limitations. 7. Bibliography and ...
Background: Few ontological attempts have been reported for conceptualizing the bioethics domain. In addition to limited scope representativeness and lack of robust methodological approaches in driving research design and evaluation of bioethics ontologies, no bioethics ontologies exist for pandemics and COVID-19. This research attempted to investigate whether studying the bioethics research literature, from the inception of bioethics research publications, facilitates developing highly agile, and representative computational bioethics ontology as a foundation for the automatic governance of bioethics processes in general and the COVID-19 pandemic in particular.Research Design: The iOntoBioethics agile research framework adopted the Design Science Research Methodology. Using systematic literature mapping, the search space resulted in 26,170 Scopus indexed bioethics articles, published since 1971. iOntoBioethics underwent two distinctive stages: (1) Manually Constructing Bioethics (MCB) ontology from
Boniderma information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by Bioethical, Boniderma indications, usages and related health products lists
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric staff members have the power to decide the options that frame encounters with patients. Intentional as well as unintentional framing can have a crucial impact on patients opportunities to be heard and participate in the process. We identified three dominant ethical perspectives in the normative medical ethics literature concerning how doctors and other staff members should frame interactions in relation to patients; paternalism, autonomy and reciprocity. The aim of this study was to describe and analyse statements describing real work situations and ethical reflections made by staff members in relation to three central perspectives in medical ethics; paternalism, autonomy and reciprocity.. METHODS: All staff members involved with patients in seven adult psychiatric and six child and adolescent psychiatric clinics were given the opportunity to freely describe ethical considerations in their work by keeping an ethical diary over the course of one week and 173 persons ...
Spiritual Perspectives on Bioethics Presentation, October 28 2010, co-sponsored by Yale Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics and Yale Divinity School...
In this paper I explore the power of money in bioethics research and ask whether, while casting stones regarding financial conflicts of interest in health research, bioethics researchers are in fact living in glass houses. I first review the need for money in bioethics research, the sources of money, and key features of the money (specifically, the amount of money involved and the fact that the money often is embedded, encumbered, and required to be matched). Next, I explore a range of possible objectives for the money transfer. I then examine the effects of this transfer and raise some questions and concerns about the role of money in bioethics research. I close with some suggestions for possible responses to these questions and concerns-suggestions concerning what bioethics researchers as individuals and as a community could do to more positively and progressively harness the power of money in bioethics research.
Summerschool Health law and ethics Erasmus University Rotterdam, July 2009. Global bioethics. Two contexts of bioethics: diachronic and synchronic History of bioethics: development in time Social and cultural context of bioethics: development in place The implicit context of bioethics Slideshow 158328 by adamdaniel
The focus of the project is on texts on suffering, since these can be expected to trigger strong emotional reactions, both positive and negative. Earlier reader response studies have almost exclusively focused on positive emotions, while negative emotions may be more likely to evoke ethical reflection. This project will examine which personality traits and textual features make people more responsive to narrative texts on suffering? What is the relation between various emotional responses (from empathy to disgust) and personal resonance to a text, and what impact does this have on ethical and/or intellectual reflection? To what extent does knowledge on the status of the text (literary vs. non-fiction) influence readers responses? By addressing these questions, this project seeks to extend and deepen our understanding of the complex of factors that shapes readers emotional, intellectual and ethical reactions to a text. ...
The charter reaffirms the sanctity of life as a gift from God and calls on those working in health care to be servants and ministers of life who will love and accompany all human beings from conception to their natural death, he said during a news conference at the Vatican Feb. 6. The Vatican released the charter in Italian.. While the charter does not offer a completely exhaustive response to all problems and questions facing the medical and heath fields, it does add many papal, Vatican and bishops pronouncements made since 1994 in an effort to offer the clearest possible guidelines to many ethical problems facing the world of health care today, said the charters preface, written by the late-Archbishop Zygmunt Zimowski, president of the Pontifical Council for Health Care Ministry. The council and three others were merged together to create the new dicastery for human development.. One issue partially dealt with in the new charter is vaccines produced with biological material of ...
Want to know what is going on in the interdisciplinary field of bioethics? The JBI website provides information about upcoming conferences and events around the globe as well as calls for submissions, etc. If you are hosting an upcoming bioethics-related conference or event, we can help you reach potential attendees. (Submit new listings to the JBI via e-mail using the Contact link ...
This Globethics.net collection gathers various statements and declarations from the Church and related organisations regarding bioethics and biotechnology, raising the issues subjected to controversy such as abortion, cloning, procreation, etc. and the Churchs position on these issues.
My presentation will target the dilution of the problems weve covered in class; Ill to take us through the complexity of doing the right thing and help explain why it so dense, and why society has so many conflicts in terms of bioethical research, treatment, and healthcare. I will be discussing far more than presenting, however, i will use my presentation as a guide so the class follows me to final conclusion. That bioethics cannot be addressed individually, that a doctor cannot perform ethical medicine; instead, society determines the ethics by which it expects from its citizens, and each individual operates within the infringements the ethical framework instills. These infringements contain the harshness of our primitive nature, our desire to excel, suppress, investigate, overpower, strengthen and advance ...
The ethical issues raised by the development of techniques that aim to prevent the transmission of mitochondrial disorders from mother to child were the subject of a six-month inquiry by the Council earlier this year. The Councils report concluded that given the significant health and social benefits to individuals who could be born free from mitochondrial disorders if this treatment was shown to work, it would be an ethical option for families to have access to such techniques. However, the Council highlighted that this conclusion could only stand if techniques such as pronuclear transfer and maternal spindle transfer were proven through further research to be both safe and effective, and if the families involved were offered an appropriate level of information and support ...
We can provide our bodies or parts of our bodies for medical research or for the treatment of others in a number of ways and for a variety of reasons. While we are alive, we can give blood for nothing, donate eggs in return for fertility treatment, or volunteer for clinical trials for money. After we have died, we might want to donate our organs, skin, bone and other tissue to help others. However, there is a shortage of bodily material for many of these purposes in the UK. What should be done about it ...
Nature has recently carried two new reports of human gene editing. In one, embryos donated from an IVF clinic had a gene critical to very early development altered, to study what happens when you do that, and try to understand early human development more than we now do. In the other, scientists studied editing of an abnormal recessive gene, specifically the one causing a type of blood disorder called thalassemia, by using cloning to create a new embryonic version of an adult with the disease. (This made it technically easier to start in the laboratory with an embryo that has the disease, because it is genetically recessive, meaning that both copies of the gene are abnormal.) This follows earlier publication of similar work to edit dominant mutation-causing genes, in which the embryos arose because of new IVF, done in the lab, by the scientists, using donated eggs fertilized with sperm from a male donor who carried the abnormal gene.. In all three cases, the main biologic approach, and the main ...
Monash Bioethics Review provides comprehensive coverage of traditional topics and emerging issues in bioethics. The Journal is especially concerned with ...
Medical Bioethics provides students with a very intensive review of the dynamic field of bioethics in the areas of medical practice and research. Online videos presented by various experts as well as the recommended readings, offer students the opportunity to learn about many biomedical ethics issues facing our nation and world and the impact of these issues in medicine and research. This course conveys the importance of the integrated and collaborative research and professionalism that one can expect to encounter within the health care and scientific communities. This course will hopefully be one of the many educational experiences that prepare undergraduates for professional studies in the medical sciences.. ...
Written by Dr Christopher Gyngell This article originally appeared on the OMS website The Nuffield Council of Bioethics released a report last Friday outlining the key ethical issues raised by genome editing technologies. Genome editing (GE) is a powerful, and extremely rapidly developing techno ...
The Bioethics Shared Resource (BESR), coordinated through the Tuskegee University National Center for Bioethics in Health Care Research, provides exceptional bi...
The University of Minnesota did these nice summary slides of all the bioethics faculty and affiliate faculty for use at the State Fair this week.
Autonomy and consent have been central values in Western ethical and political imagined for centuries. A method of knowing the bioethical versions that started to establish, particularly in the 1970s, is that they were about the fusion of an extended-standing Skilled ethics Using the read this post here Main values underpinning fashionable political institutions. That there was a need… Study additional ...
BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics. Our goal is to highlight human dignity as the foundation of medicine and science.
BioEdge: the latest news and articles about bioethics. Our goal is to highlight human dignity as the foundation of medicine and science.
9780803627062 Our cheapest price for Medical Law, Ethics, & Bioethics for the Health Professions is $16.46. Free shipping on all orders over $35.00.
Medical profiling and online medicine: the ethics of personalised healthcare in a consumer age Published by Nuffield Council on Bioethics 28 Bedford Square London WC1B 3JS Telephone:
By Wesley J. Smith, J.D., Special Consultant to the CBC Fresh off a very successful year of predicting the future in 2011, I now find myself forced to once again risk my laurels, peer into my crystal ball, and tell
What are the moral implications of genome editing? is the question that has been posed by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics regarding the new CRISPR-Ca...
There are several legal and ethical issues surrounding the management of cardiac arrest patients, particularly in the case of an emergency setting that lies outside of the hospital setting. The responsibilities of first responders and initial caregivers are relatively clear but the ethical issues surrounding resuscitation in general are less clear and vary depending on local culture and the law.
Typically, in these posts my goal is to discuss the science behind a certain technique to help us understand the ethical issues surrounding the technique. With
Asimov had some good ideas, but we need to, you know, actually write some laws now:. As they become smarter and more widespread, autonomous machines are bound to end up making life-or-death decisions in unpredictable situations, thus assuming-or at least appearing to assume-moral agency. Weapons systems currently have human operators in the loop, but as […]. ...
Scientists think they may have devised a test that will tell us the chances we will die in five years-even if healthy. From the Telegraph story: A Death Test which predicts the chance of a healthy person dying from any
Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues Investigation[edit]. While the Institute of medicine conducted their ... the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues was asked to convene a panel of international experts to review ... Barack Obama requested an investigation to be conducted by the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues on ... Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, published 2011-09-13, accessed 2015-10-23 ...
... is fast becoming an important bioethical issue from a social perspective as well. While most first-world nations ... Political issuesEdit. There are also controversial issues regarding how organs are allocated to recipients. For example, some ... Deontological issues are issues about whether a person has an ethical duty or responsibility to take an action. Nearly all ... Consequently, there has arisen a black market trend often referred to as transplant tourism.[citation needed] The issues are ...
Like euthanasia, there is world-wide public controversy and ethical debate over the moral, philosophical and religious issues ... Raus, Kasper (1 June 2016). "The Extension of Belgium's Euthanasia Law to Include Competent Minors". Journal of Bioethical ... "Pope address end-of-life issues". 2017-11-16. "Euthanasia and suicide in Hinduism". BBC, Religions. Kamble, Shanmukh; Ahmed, ... Appel JM (May 2009). "Neonatal Euthanasia: Why Require Parental Consent?". Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. 6 (4): 477-482. doi: ...
Critical Issues in Health and Medicine. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0-8135-7768-5. Goodnough, Abby (31 January 2015). " ... Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. Springer Nature. 12 (2): 269-282. doi:10.1007/s11673-015-9610-3. ISSN 1176-7529. PMID 25672616. ... In addition, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issues exemption letters to ministries that have met the criteria ... but that issue was resolved when they changed their approach, and by 2010, Medi-Share was able to operate in Oklahoma once ...
JAX® NOTES Issue 508, Winter 2008 Lewis, Tanya (2015-01-21). "Growing human kidneys in rats sparks ethical debate". CBS News. ... Anderson, M. (2006). "Xenotransplantation: A Bioethical Evaluation". Journal of Medical Ethics. 32 (4): 205-208. ISSN 0306-6800 ... It also raises many novel medical, legal and ethical issues. A continuing concern is that many animals, such as pigs, have a ... Many issues include size - differences in organ size limit the range of potential recipients of xenotransplants; longevity - ...
Russell, K. (2006). "Landscape: Perceptions of Kai Tahu I mua, aianei, a muri ake." Spasifika, Issue 12. 72-73. Russell, K. ( ... Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, Vol. 6., No. 1. 61-68. ...
... informing the public about bioethical issues; and contributing to more ethical public policies and practices. The Institute is ... It is dedicated to the study of complex moral and policy issues in biomedical science, health care, and health policy. ... The Levi Leadership Program seeks to inspire intensive moral discussion about critical issues in health and social policy among ... and ethical issues in emerging biomedical technologies. The founding director of the Institute is Ruth Faden, Ph.D., M.P.H. Dr ...
Linda Farber Post (1996). "Bioethical Consideration of Maternal-Fetal Issues". Fordham Urban Law Journal. Retrieved 31 October ... At the same time, Greek and Roman sources do not mention issues of alcohol consumption by pregnant women. On that basis it is ... After the spread of Christianity an issue emerged on whether it was permissible for a pregnant woman to be baptised before ... In the 20th century and particularly after World War II fetal rights issues continued to develop. In 1948, the Declaration of ...
"Some Bioethical Issues in Jain Perspective" (PDF). National Seminar on Engaging Jainism on Modern Issues, Ladnun, Feb 2017. " ... However, this often raises issues when the child is raised by a non-Jewish family and approaches for addressing this issue are ... "The private international law issues surrounding the status of children, including issues arising from international surrogacy ... the different issues raised by traditional and gestational surrogacy mechanisms for the legal recognition of the intended ...
Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues". bioethicsarchive.georgetown.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-14. Nikkei Asia ... appointee on International Research Panel of President Obama's Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical issues in ... and social issues related to genome research. The study of Yang and his collaborators at the Beijing Genomics Institute on the ... and Social Issues (ELSI), CHGP. He is a member of the Expert Panel of the National Office for Administration on Genetic ...
He has participated in the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, cautioning about the risk of synthetic ... "Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues". 8 July 2010. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. "A ... veganism is an issue for which personal and global love of life, health and wealth align. It's a pity to lose parts of our ... and with environmental and moral issues. When asked about his dietary choice, Church replied, "I've been vegan off-and-on since ...
He is an adviser to DARPA on synthetic biology and has addressed the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues ... "Testimony of Arthur L. Caplan to the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues" (PDF). Presidential Commission ... His dissertation, Philosophical Issues Concerning the Synthetic Theory of Evolution, was co-supervised by Ernest Nagel and ... During his time at Minnesota he was active on issues relating to organ transplantation and genetics and worked with Rosalie A. ...
In 2010 she was appointed by President Obama to the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. Farahany ... "President Obama Establishes New Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, Names Commission Leadership". The ... "About the Commission , Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues". bioethicsarchive.georgetown.edu. Retrieved ... Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. OCLC 897219847. "About the Commission , Presidential Commission for ...
During his career, Michael has served on the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, Vaccine Research ... "COL Nelson Michael, M.D., Ph.D. , Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues". bioethicsarchive.georgetown.edu ...
A 2012 report by the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues stated, however, that "what constitutes ' ... "Privacy and Progress in Whole Genome Sequencing". Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. Archived from the ... There are issues such as "leaking" information, the right to privacy and what responsibility the company has to ensure this ... Additional issues arise from the trade-off between public benefit from research sharing and exposure to data escape and re- ...
Mayberg gave a presentation in 2014 at the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, where she expressed her ... "Transcript, Meeting 18, Session 3 , Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues". bioethicsarchive.georgetown. ... One issue surrounding DBS is that it stands to change a patient's identity or cause other undesirable emotional or biological ... "When It Comes to Issues of Identity and Authenticity in DBS, Let Patients Have a Voice". www.sfn.org. Retrieved 2019-12-11. " ...
In 2012, the US Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues reported that existing privacy legislation for DNA ... "Privacy and Progress in Whole Genome Sequencing" (PDF). Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. Archived ... has introduced a number of ethical issues. One key issue is the ownership of an individual's DNA and the data produced when ... As of 2013, eleven states have laws that can be interpreted to prohibit "DNA theft". Ethical issues have also been raised by ...
Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. September 2011. Walter, Matthew (2012). "Human experiments: First, ... Due to legal issues, the Army Medical Corps preferred federal prisons to state run institutions, and Terre Haute had the best ...
Rollin, Bernard E. (1995). Farm Animal Welfare: Social, Bioethical, and Research Issues. Iowa State University Press, p. 76. ... Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a 175-page report in 2005 documenting what it said were unsafe work conditions in the US meat ... "Fox Business News Host Maria issues Correction about Smithfield Foods CEO Interview - YouTube". www.youtube.com. Retrieved ... Fox Business later had to issue an acknowledgement and retraction of the interview with host Maria Bartiromo, admitting they " ...
Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. Retrieved 20 May 2015.. ... Ethical issues[edit]. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2015) ... the US Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues reported that existing privacy legislation for DNA sequencing ... Has issues sequencing palindromic sequences.[75]. Nanopore Sequencing[76]). Dependent on library prep, not the device, so user ...
"Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues". 8 July 2010. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013.. ... He has participated in the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues,[93] cautioning about the risk of ... veganism is an issue for which personal and global love of life, health and wealth align. It's a pity to lose parts of our ... journalists at Forbes and Wired have noted Church's openness about his health issues, including dyslexia, narcolepsy, and high ...
Her work draws inspiration from bioethical issues and biotechnology. Based in Tennessee, she is represented by whitespace ...
... that clearly situate bioethical issues in their transnational context." The journal is abstracted and indexed in: Bibliography ... and was published in 2008 as a special issue entitled, "Doing Feminist Bioethics." This issue addressed the contributions of ... In its mission statement, IJFAB states that it "welcomes feminist scholarship from any discipline on ethical issues related to ... According to Mary Rawlinson, "[v]irtually every issue includes an array of global perspectives, as well as essays ... ...
"Establishing the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues". Federal Register. 2009-11-30. Retrieved 2018-01- ... A presidential proclamation is a statement issued by a president on a matter of public policy. They are generally defined as, " ... A written or printed document in which are contained such matters, issued by proper authority; as the president's proclamation ... can be issued. Administrative orders are published in the Federal Register in forms other than those of executive orders, or ...
... in relation to bio-ethical issues (See: Wisdom of repugnance). Martha Nussbaum, a jurist and ethicist, explicitly rejects ... The emotion disgust has been noted to feature strongly in the public sphere in relation to issues and debates, among other ...
Moral Science and the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues,'' with James Wagner, The Lancet, December 16 ... In 2009, Barack Obama appointed Gutmann chair of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, and ... "Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues project list". US Department of Health & Human Services. Retrieved ... "President Obama Establishes New Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, Names Commission Leadership". ...
He wrote and lectured widely on law and bioethical issues. Robertson was the author of two books on bioethics, The Rights of ...
Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. September 2011. Di Cicco, Camillo (2014). History of syphilis: a ...
Porter T, Johnson P, Warren NA (2005). "Bioethical issues concerning death: death, dying, and end-of-life rights". Critical ... This brought up bioethical debates on discontinuation of Schiavo's life vs. allowing her to continue living in a permanent ... The right to die movement in the US began with the case of Karen Quinlan in 1975 and continues to raise bioethical questions of ... It also case brings up many important issues that are still being addressed to this day. One of the critical points that the ...
In 2014, he was an invited presenter for the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. In 2018, he received ... "Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues Meeting Transcript" (PDF). "Congratulations to Steven L. Small, ...
... the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues was asked to convene a panel of international experts to review ... a b c Ethically Impossible: STD Research in Guatemala from 1946 to 1948, Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical ... The United States issued an unusual apology Friday to Guatemala for conducting experiments in the 1940s in which doctors ... Issues, published 2011-09-13, accessed 2012-08-29 *^ a b c "Fact Sheet on the 1946-1948 U.S. Public Health Service Sexually ...
Nominees typically remain silent on the issue during their hearings, as the issue may come before them as judges. ... The Center for Bio-Ethical Reform Archived January 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ... Issues in Policy History. Penn State Press. p. 140. ISBN 9780271015705.. *^ Staggenborg, Suzanne (1994). The Pro-Choice ... A central issue in the Roe case (and in the wider abortion debate in general) is whether human life or personhood begins at ...
Our attitude toward this arrangement demonstrates how we feel about the issue of sovereignty ... By being loyal to Jehovah's ... "Bioethical aspects of the recent changes in the policy of refusal of blood by Jehovah's Witnesses". BMJ. 322 (7277): 37-39. ... "After his death and after we were in the war they issued a seventh volume of this series, entitled "The Finished Mystery," ... though individual members may participate in uncontroversial community improvement issues.[268][269] Although they do not take ...
In developmental psychology and moral, political, and bioethical philosophy, autonomy[note 1] is the capacity to make an ... Issues arise in emergency room situations where there may not be time to consider the principle of patient autonomy. Various ... An imperative is categorical if it issues a valid command independent of personal desires or interests that would provide a ... O'Neill claims that this focus on autonomy promotion has been at the expense of issues like distribution of healthcare ...
This issue and Lacks' situation were brought up in the Supreme Court of California case of Moore v. Regents of the University ... "HeLa publication brews bioethical storm". Nature. doi:10.1038/nature.2013.12689. Retrieved 8 August 2013 ... many scientists and science writers continue to document this problem as simply a contamination issue - caused not by human ...
"Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. 9 (3): 277-294. doi:10.1007/s11673-012-9384-9. ISSN 1176-7529. PMC 3416978. PMID 22904609.. ... Human rights issues[edit]. Protection of intersex children from harmful practices Legal prohibition of non-consensual medical ... Ethical issues relating to "intersexuality".Opinion No. 20/2012 (PDF). 2012. Berne. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2015-04 ... Intersex Issues in the International Classification of Diseases: a revision (PDF). Mauro Cabral, Morgan Carpenter (eds.). 2014 ...
Transplantation raises a number of bioethical issues, including the definition of death, when and how consent should be given ... See also Lung Transplantation in same issue. *^ Anesthesia for Transplant Surgery, Jayashree Sood, Vijay Vohra, New Delhi, ... A particular problem is organ trafficking.[5] There is also the ethical issue of not holding out false hope to patients.[6] ... Reasons for donation and ethical issuesEdit. Living related donorsEdit. Living related donors donate to family members or ...
Hester, Joseph P. (2003). The Ten Commandments: A Handbook of Religious, Legal, and Social Issues. McFarland. p. 221. ISBN ... and has influenced certain strains of bioethical utilitarianism.[12][vague] From that viewpoint, any action which destroys an ... He said that "to be truly 'pro-life,' you have to take all of those issues into account."[35] Paul M. Perl studied 1996 voter ... McKeegan, M (1993). "The politics of abortion: A historical perspective". Women's Health Issues. 3 (3): 127-131. doi:10.1016/ ...
It is a bioethical issue related to other practices such as abortion and euthanasia; and areas of research such as stem-cell ... The issue of experimentation on human subjects gained prominence after World War II and the revelation of atrocities committed ... They approve new drugs on the basis of safety and effectiveness, and issue licenses, which allow companies to market their ... Nuclear energy is historically linked to issues of national security. From 1942 to 1946, nuclear research was controlled by the ...
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to ... Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. 10 (1): 49-57. doi:10.1007/s11673-012-9412-9. ISSN 1176-7529. PMID 23288439.. ... including legal and employment issues later in their life.[5] Overweight individuals also find themselves facing issues caused ... discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate. (November 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this ...
Erwin E, Gendin S, Kleiman L (22 December 2015). Ethical Issues in Scientific Research: An Anthology. Routledge. p. 338. ISBN ... Smith KR, Chan S, Harris J (October 2012). "Human germline genetic modification: scientific and bioethical perspectives". ... A report issued by the scientific council of the American Medical Association (AMA) says that no long-term health effects have ... Smiley, Sophie (2005). Genetic Modification: Study Guide (Exploring the Issues). Independence Educational Publishers. ISBN 1- ...
Both of the works above also address bioethical issues of abortion and conception, issues that, like the idea of Islamic ... This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to ... Then to eat of all the produce (of the earth), and find with skill the spacious paths of its Lord: there issues from within ...
"Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. 9 (3): 277-294. doi:10.1007/s11673-012-9384-9. PMC 3416978. PMID 22904609.. ...
"Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. Retrieved 30 November 2016.. ... A 2012 report by the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues stated, however, that "what constitutes ' ... Other issuesEdit. Genetic privacyEdit. Main article: Genetic privacy. In the United States, biomedical research containing ... June 2001). "Ethical issues with genetic testing in pediatrics". Pediatrics. 107 (6): 1451-55. doi:10.1542/peds.107.6.1451. ...
"Special Issue: Human Germline Editing". Bioethics. 34 (1). 2020.. *. Venter, Craig (2014). Life at the Speed of Light: From the ... Evans J (2002). Playing God?: Human Genetic Engineering and the Rationalization of Public Bioethical Debate. University of ... One of the issues is "off target effects", large genomes may contain identical or homologous DNA sequences, and the enzyme ... The later study, in the 21 February issue of Cell, also included an analysis of 68 stroke patients who had one copy of CCR5 ...
The data set was removed from public access shortly after the issue was identified.[25] The issue was complicated by the fact ... Many believe that this experiment violated the bioethical principles of informed consent, non-maleficence, and beneficence.[39] ...
See also: Ethical issues in psychiatry (disambiguation). The World Psychiatric Association issues an ethical code to govern the ... violated the majority of known bioethical principles. Psychiatry played a central role in these programmes, and the mentally ... There are ongoing issues concerning the validity and reliability of the diagnostic categories; the reliance on superficial ... Mental health issues such as mood disorders and schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders were the most common principle ...
When Lacks was identified nearly twenty years later, it raised a lot of questions about the issue of medical consent. Consent ... "HeLa publication brews bioethical storm". Nature.. Check date values in: ,date=. (help ...
... including legal and employment issues later in their life.[5] Overweight individuals also find themselves facing issues caused ... Journal of Bioethical Inquiry. 10 (1): 49-57. doi:10.1007/s11673-012-9412-9. ISSN 1176-7529. PMID 23288439.. ... discuss the issue on the talk page, or create a new article, as appropriate. (November 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this ... People who expect to be fat-shamed by healthcare providers are less likely to seek care for medical issues or for weight loss, ...
Witnesses respond that the real issue is not of the fluid per se, but of respect and obedience to God.[123][124] They say their ... "Bioethical aspects of the recent changes in the policy of refusal of blood by Jehovah's Witnesses". BMJ. 322 (7277): 37-39. ... Ethical Issues in Compulsory Medical Treatment: A Study of Jehovah's Witnesses. *Jehovah's Witnesses teachings on blood from ... God never issued regulations which prohibit the use of drugs, inoculations or blood transfusions. It is an invention of people ...
A related issue that comes up in this debate is how often fertilization leads to an established, viable pregnancy.[citation ... citing the bioethical principle of double effect.[41] Likewise, when a hormonal contraceptive is used with the intention of ... Philosophical issues[edit]. The distinction in ethical value between existing persons and potential future persons has been ... "Ethical Issues Regarding Hormonal Contraceptives". The Truth About Birth Control. Retrieved 14 March 2011.. ...
Smith, Kevin R.; Chan, Sarah; Harris, John (2012). "Human Germline Genetic Modification: Scientific and Bioethical Perspectives ... the Nuffield Council on Bioethics issued a report which concluded that under certain circumstances, editing of the DNA of human ... "Ethical Issues in Manipulating the Human Germ Line". Journal of Medicine and Philosophy. 16 (6): 621-639. doi:10.1093/jmp/16.6 ...
One critical issue in this split was free trade - farmers were particularly hostile to Tory tariff policy and free trade was a ... Canadian Centre for Bio-Ethical Reform. *Canadian Coalition for Democracies. *Canadian Taxpayers Federation ... Free trade between Canada and the U.S. was the major issue of the 1911 election. Sir Wilfrid Laurier's Liberals, in favour of ... key issue in the creation of the Progressives while the Conscription Crisis destroyed any remaining Conservative base in Quebec ...
Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues: Susan Knight, Ethical and Deliberative Skills Across the Lifespan ...
The head of Iran's main transsexual organization, Maryam Khatoon Molkara-who convinced Khomeini to issue the fatwa on ... Bioethical Aspects of Medical Treatment". BioMed Research International. 2018: 9652305. doi:10.1155/2018/9652305. ISSN 2314- ... The leader of Iran's Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, issued a fatwa declaring sex reassignment surgery ... Issue Paper Boyle, G.J.(2005). The scandal of genital mutilation surgery on infants (pp. 95-100). In L. May (Ed.), Transgenders ...
Ferrari has produced more than 350 publications, including seven books and 41 issued patents in the US and Europe. In June 2020 ... Hall R, Sun T, Ferrari M (2012). "A portrait of nanomedicine and its bioethical implications". Journal of Law, Medicine & ...
Religious groups in the United States have pressed the Vatican to issue a statement concerning the morality of using vaccines ... it stopped short of issuing an explicit no to embryo adoption, whereby infertile couples adopt embryos that were frozen ... The Vaticans Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued "The Dignity of a Person" to help answer bioethical questions ... Vatican clarifies stance on bioethical issues. New document spells out opposition to in vitro fertilization, flexibility on ...
... purpose and scope of bioethics Principles of bioethics Bioethical issues in medical practice 3.1 INTRODUCTION Medical ... Chapter 3 Bioethical Issues LEARNING OBJECTIVES Definition and history of bioethics Need, ...
Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Bioethical Issues. 18th edition. Edited by Gregory E. Kaebnick ... www.thehastingscenter.org/publications-resources/books-by-hastings-scholars/taking-sides-clashing-views-on-bioethical-issues- ... This collection, designed for use in the classroom, includes current controversial issues in a debate-style format designed to ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Archived site of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. The ... The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues (the Bioethics Commission) was created by Executive Order 13521 ... The Bioethics Commission advised President Barack Obama on bioethical issues arising from advances in biomedicine and related ... Executive Order 13521 - Establishing the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, November 24, 2009, Vol. 74 ...
All of IRISCommunities & CollectionsBy Issue DateAuthorsTitlesSubjectsThis CollectionBy Issue DateAuthorsTitlesSubjects ...
He cites the biomedical research community, which ignored issues of pain control and animal welfare until public concern led to ...
JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it ...
... 1. Introduction. I have been involved for many years with bioethical ... This is an English translation of the theological views of the Orthodox Church on bioethical issues, which have been taken from ... A few brief but crucial theological responses on bioethical and related issues are set out below.. ... The issue of offering organs could probably be solved from the point of view of conscious and free self-sacrifice and voluntary ...
... to the Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. The Commission will advise the President on bioethical issues that may ... President Obama signed an Executive Order creating the new Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues on ... Home News Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical ... President Barack Obama appointed COL Nelson Michael, the Director of MHRP, to the Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues ...
Bioethical Issues, Sociological Perspectives Full Citation: Rothman, B.K., Armstrong, E.M., Tiger, R. (eds.). Bioethical Issues ... health care and health policy issues facing America. ...
Donnelly, P. K. and Henderson, R. and Price, D. A. (1999) Professional attitudes to bioethical issues ration the supply of ... Professional attitudes to bioethical issues ration the supply of marginal living donor kidneys for transplantation.. ...
... Creator. Zuppa, Antonio A ... After the initial enthusiasm, many ethical, legal and social issues related to the application of these procedures began to ... are issues that have to be addressed building future collaborative studies and continuing the debate on related ethical issues. ...
I discuss these issues by way of a recent specific example provided by a controversy in the field of bioethics concerning the ...
Life Issues Institute: lifeissues.org. Advocating, through education, equal protection under the law for all innocent living ... Canadian Centre for Bio-Ethical Reform: unmaskingchoice.ca. The online home of CBRs Canadian division. ... The Canadian Centre for Bio-Ethical Reform (CCBR) is an educational pro-life organization whose mission is to make abortion ... Prayer List for Elections in which Abortion Could Be a Decisive Issue ...
The Center for Bio-Ethical Reform (CBR) will introduce a provocative new sign display titled, "All Black Lives Matter," ... Prayer List for Elections in which Abortion Could Be a Decisive Issue ... The Center for Bio-Ethical Reform. Lake Forest, California. 949-206-0600. AbortionNO.org ... Prayer List for Elections in which Abortion Could Be a Decisive Issue ...
Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues Investigation[edit]. While the Institute of medicine conducted their ... the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues was asked to convene a panel of international experts to review ... Barack Obama requested an investigation to be conducted by the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues on ... Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, published 2011-09-13, accessed 2015-10-23 ...
This is a work of the U.S. Government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. Foreign copyrights may apply.. ...
HLTH 4270 - Bioethical Issues in Health Education. 3 credit hours. An analysis of current bioethical issues, problems, needs, ... HLTH 4270 - Bioethical Issues in Health Education. 3 credit hours. An analysis of current bioethical issues, problems, needs, ... Addresses issues related to drug use/abuse and related acts of violence. Satisfactory completion of the course qualifies the ... Addresses issues related to drug use/abuse and related acts of violence. Satisfactory completion of the course qualifies the ...
HLTH 4270 - Bioethical Issues in Health Education 3 credit hours HLTH 4270 - Bioethical Issues in Health Education. 3 credit ... HLTH 4270 - Bioethical Issues in Health Education 3 credit hours HLTH 4270 - Bioethical Issues in Health Education. 3 credit ... An analysis of current bioethical issues, problems, needs, trends, and interests in health education. ... An analysis of current bioethical issues, problems, needs, trends, and interests in health education. ...
To develop a survey, the Bioethical Issues in Biostatistical Consulting Questionnaire, for investigating bioethical issues in ... N2 - To develop a survey, the Bioethical Issues in Biostatistical Consulting Questionnaire, for investigating bioethical issues ... AB - To develop a survey, the Bioethical Issues in Biostatistical Consulting Questionnaire, for investigating bioethical issues ... the Bioethical Issues in Biostatistical Consulting Questionnaire, for investigating bioethical issues in analysis, a ...
Bioethics : a textbook of issues / George H. Kieffer.. by Kieffer, George H 1930- ...
Organ donation is fast becoming an important bioethical issue from a social perspective as well. While most first-world nations ... Political issuesEdit. There are also controversial issues regarding how organs are allocated to recipients. For example, some ... Deontological issues are issues about whether a person has an ethical duty or responsibility to take an action. Nearly all ... Consequently, there has arisen a black market trend often referred to as transplant tourism.[citation needed] The issues are ...
Bioethical Issues in Disclosing APOE Genetic Information in Research Programmes pp. 85-92 ... Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2013. Table of Contents. From the Editor. Commentaries from Different Perspectives: Even in the Face of ...
Sources of Bioethical Problems and Concerns. Challenges to Ethical Theory. Moral Theories and Perspectives. Religious Ethics. " ... Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine: Contemporary Readings in Bioethics, Eighth Edition, is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art ... As a student reads Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine, the material continuously adapts to ensure that he or she is focused on ... Connect Plus Philosophy & Religion Access Card for Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine. by Steinbock, Bonnie; London, Alex John; ...
Read the Latest Issue of Science. 23 July 2021. Vol 373, Issue 6553 ... Bioethical and Clinical Dilemmas of Direct-to-Consumer Personal Genomic Testing: The Problem of Misattributed Equivalence ... Bioethical and Clinical Dilemmas of Direct-to-Consumer Personal Genomic Testing: The Problem of Misattributed Equivalence ... Bioethical and Clinical Dilemmas of Direct-to-Consumer Personal Genomic Testing: The Problem of Misattributed Equivalence ...
Thats not a research related risk or consent issue, that is a treatment related consent issue. A parent could still say, I ... SULMASY: It is just another issue out there in the field. DR. LEE: And it is an excellent point in terms of the concerns of the ... GRADY: This is an issue that I think we need to discuss a little further because, I have trouble with the concept of being able ... I think that the issue around studying that in an active monitoring kind of way for people under the treatment IND, and ...
An online resource providing denominational statements on bioethical issues. HerDignity.net. A network of resources on global ... Accessible resources to help you understand tomorrows bioethical issues today ChristianBiowiki.com. ... Grey Matters: From Biochemical Synapse to Bioethical Syntax. Post Date: 07/11/2008 ... For society, as for individuals, sensitive issues often relate to remembered historical events that shape cultural identity. ...
Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics: Public Policy and Bioethical Issues Associated with Patents for Drug Development *Arthur ... The patent is then brought to issue, and the investing company must either redesign its product or pay licensing fees to the ... In the US, however, applications remain secret until they are issued, which can take many years. This creates a loophole for ...
Bioethical issues. The areas of bioethics and public health, despite being distinct fields, often present points of ... This article aims to analyze the bioethical aspects and legal and political issues of water fluoridation, creating a discussion ... bioethical aspects of the fluoridation of public water supply and to explore the points that lead to the bioethical issues ... bioethical issues and harms. For each of these subdivisions, studies were included that would allow plural discussion, being ...
But the major issue, experts say, is that the causes of most common diseases remain unknown. Genes account for just 5 to 20 ... From the New York Times: Another Tiresomely Misleading Bioethical Attack on Personalized Genetic Testing. Ronald Bailey , 12.31 ... You can see it in all sorts of issues. Really, theyre just trying to impose their own qualitative preferences on the rest of ... Paul Krugmans views on any economic issue: Can it be done without politically ordained coercion? No? Well then its bad. Yes? ...
  • Monsignor Elio Sgreccia, the Vatican's top official on bioethical questions, answers questions during a press conference on bioethics, at the Vatican press room, Friday Dec. 12, 2008. (sfgate.com)
  • The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues (the Bioethics Commission) was created by Executive Order 13521 on November 24, 2009. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Bioethics Commission advised President Barack Obama on bioethical issues arising from advances in biomedicine and related areas of science and technology. (wikipedia.org)
  • I discuss these issues by way of a recent specific example provided by a controversy in the field of bioethics concerning the value, or lack thereof, of homeopathy. (isharonline.org)
  • To develop a survey, the Bioethical Issues in Biostatistical Consulting Questionnaire, for investigating bioethical issues in analysis, a comprehensive literature review was conducted to specify areas of bioethics. (nyu.edu)
  • Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine: Contemporary Readings in Bioethics, Eighth Edition , is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art anthology that covers both traditional and emerging issues in the field of biomedical ethics with engaging case studies and reflective papers written by leading scholars. (ecampus.com)
  • Development of biopharmaceuticals is a challenging issue in bioethics. (ceeol.com)
  • The Bioethics Commission is an independent, deliberative panel of experts that advises the President and the Administration, and, in so doing, educates the nation on bioethical issues. (bioethicsinstitute.org)
  • A medical student and faculty directors from the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics analyzed depictions of bioethical issues and professionalism over a full season of two popular medical dramas - "Grey's Anatomy" and "House, M.D." - and found that the shows were "rife" with ethical dilemmas and actions that often ran afoul of professional codes of conduct. (psychcentral.com)
  • Each sub-discipline has its own particular area of bioethics , but there is a significant overlap of many issues, ethical approaches, concepts, and moral considerations. (utm.edu)
  • In addition, the field of bioethics presupposes at least some basic knowledge of important life sciences, most notably medicine, biology (including genetics), biochemistry, and biophysics in order to deal successfully with particular moral issues. (utm.edu)
  • This article also contains a discussion about the vital issue of moral status-and hence protection-in the context of bioethics, that is, whether moral status is ascribed depending on rationality, harm, or any other feature. (utm.edu)
  • Bioethics provides a disciplinary framework for the whole array of moral questions and issues surrounding the life sciences concerning human beings, animals, and nature. (utm.edu)
  • 2010 ). Ongoing debates regarding problems that prevent LGBT+ individuals from receiving adequate healthcare services has not only made these issues more salient but has also enabled solution-based suggestions to be included in the worldwide bioethics agenda (Eckstrand et al. (springer.com)
  • Organizations like the Women's Bioethics Project continue to explore the rocky landscape of ART, including surrogacy, and how we can and should be structuring our public policy in relation to these issues. (opposingviews.com)
  • The President's Council on Bioethics was established by Executive Order 13237 and was charged with advising the President on bioethical issues that may emerge as a consequence of advances in biomedical science and technology. (georgetown.edu)
  • The Center for Bioethics & Human Dignity's annual conference is a leading venue for Christian bioethical engagement, providing opportunities for equipping and education, professional development and academic engagement, as well as networking for professionals, researchers, policymakers, educators, and students across a variety of disciplines and professional contexts. (cbhd.org)
  • Your global information source for bioethics news and issues. (cbhd.org)
  • As it is mandatory under Brazilian law, bioethical dilemmas arise due to the absence of individual choice on whether to consume or not consume fluoridated water. (scielo.br)
  • To find out more about the complex emotional dilemmas that couples face when making choices about stored embryos, NEWSWEEK's Karen Springen spoke with psychologist Sandra Leiblum, director of psychological services at the New Jersey Center for Sexual Wellness and editor of "Infertility: Psychological Issues and Counseling Strategies" ( Wiley ). (newsweek.com)
  • Workshops and paper sessions explore additional issues from among the wide spectrum of traditional and emerging bioethical topics, ranging from beginning-of-life issues and dilemmas in clinical ethics to reproductive and genetic ethics, disability ethics, emerging technology assessment, historical analyses, philosophical foundations, policy considerations, and legal implications. (cbhd.org)
  • 3. Title: Bioethical Issues in Biostatistical Consulting (BIBC): A Phase II Study. (uwm.edu)
  • The Religious Affairs Administration (RAA) was established at the inception of the Republic of Turkey in 1924 to guide religious considerations moving out of the Ottoman caliphate to a secular bioethical framework. (bvsalud.org)
  • Of course, as I mention, it has not gone without notice that ART does bring rise to some complex and controversial bioethical considerations. (opposingviews.com)
  • The legal and bioethical considerations are complex. (opposingviews.com)
  • Distinguished speakers examine foundational concepts and bioethical considerations related to death, dying, and end-of-life care and decision-making. (cbhd.org)
  • Abstract The arguments set forth by religious authority are important since it play a crucial role in shaping the social values of the public and influence the decision of individuals in the practice pertaining to bioethical issues . (bvsalud.org)
  • Given the vivid portrayals of clinical practice and bioethical issues in medical dramas - albeit through storylines that sometimes stray into the realm of outlandish - the co-authors began systematically eyeing the programs in the genre several years ago to assess the nature and extent of the depictions. (psychcentral.com)
  • These articles and links offer context for nurses on difficult issues and best-practice recommendations. (nursingworld.org)
  • Topics covered include good clinical practice (GCP) compliance, clinical trial agreements, clinical trial registration and results reporting, access to clinical trial data, managing conflicts of interest, reimbursement issues, and the implications of anti-bribery laws and U.S. fraud and abuse laws for clinical research. (shu.edu)
  • President Obama signed an Executive Order creating the new Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues on November 24, 2009. (hivresearch.org)
  • [2] In 2011 , the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues concluded, "It is clear that many of the actions undertaken within the Guatemala experiments were morally wrong. (citizen.org)
  • A report to the Presidential Commission on the Study for Bioethical Issues on synthetic biology with an accompanying press release and FAQ. (genome.gov)
  • I interned with the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, and I have done ethics research on return of incidental findings and physicians? (stanford.edu)
  • During 2005-2012, more than 1,500 judicial opinions have involved NIE ( Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, 2015 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • bioethical issues in a global context. (upenn.edu)
  • Identify the prospects and challenges for the evolving landscape of bioethical engagement within the context of shifting global and societal realities and advances in medicine and biotechnology. (cbhd.org)
  • Furthermore, moral problems which stem from a concrete situation, for example, gene-manipulated food, have given rise to heated public debates and serious public concerns with regard to safety issues in the past. (utm.edu)
  • Among the topics they addressed were biomedical applications and innovation, issues related to artificial life, security concerns, and public opinion. (c-span.org)
  • Bioethical issues arise frequently in neurology. (washington.edu)
  • Rather than address those issues, this entry examines some of the social and ethical issues that may arise as a result of what researchers in behavioral genetics claim to know regarding the role of genes in shaping human behavior. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The four principles that guide current bioethical decision-making are beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, and distributive justice. (haciendapub.com)
  • The many issues that relate to these first three principles, such as consent, abortion, termination of treatment and end-of-life decisions, euthanasia, in-vitro fertilization and cloning, etc., likewise have been well scrutinized. (haciendapub.com)
  • The module is organised around philosophical themes relevant to bioethical problems. (york.ac.uk)
  • Evaluate contemporary bioethical discourses in light of ethical approaches that include philosophical, religious, and other perspectives from the medical humanities. (cbhd.org)
  • Other potential bioethi-cal issues related biopharmaceutical drug development are their cost/effectiveness ratio, clinical safety assessment, production of biosimilars, and comparison of their efficacy with placebo in countries without intention to market. (ceeol.com)
  • This course explores the regulatory and quality assurance issues pertinent to pre-clinical safety research. (temple.edu)
  • Recognizing this new landscape, the National Cancer Policy Forum of the Institute of Medicine convened a workshop to explore contemporary issues in human subjects protections 2 as they pertain to cancer research, with the goal of identifying potential relevant policy actions. (nap.edu)
  • Four decades ago, following numerous disclosures of unethical human research studies conducted in the U.S. - most notably the Tuskegee USPHS syphilis study - the federal government issued regulations that were intended to protect human subjects involved in research. (citizen.org)
  • He cites the biomedical research community, which ignored issues of pain control and animal welfare until public concern led to federal legislation. (wiley.com)
  • Part 2 Research Issues in Farm Animal Welfare. (wiley.com)
  • The Commission will advise the President on bioethical issues that may emerge from advances in biomedicine and related areas of science and technology. (hivresearch.org)
  • In the new issue of the journal Fertility and Sterility, researchers who surveyed 1,020 patients at nine American fertility clinics reported that 54 percent of respondents with cryopreserved embryos said they were "very likely" to use them for reproduction and 21 percent were "very likely" to donate them for research. (newsweek.com)
  • The authors of the review, available in the April issue of the Journal of Medical Ethics , say they were well aware that their findings would end up stating the obvious. (psychcentral.com)
  • Online Journal of Issues in Nursing. (nursingworld.org)
  • This essay explores the meaning and use of the bioethical principle of distributive justice and its role in transforming medicine to a corporate/socialist ethic. (haciendapub.com)
  • A panel of philosophers, ethicists, feminists, and historians examine the moral issues posed by stem cell research, and introduce the principle arguments for and against such research. (worldcat.org)
  • 2010-07-12T12:00:12-04:00 https://images.c-span.org/Files/125/294437-m.jpg Scholars, scientists and government officials talked about ethical issues related to synthetic biology, which involves creating biological materials entirely from synthetic ones. (c-span.org)
  • Ethics of Synthetic Biology, Part 1 Scholars, scientists and government officials talked about ethical issues related to synthetic biology, which involves creating biological materials entirely from synthetic ones. (c-span.org)
  • The American Surrogacy Center strongly advises that any issues regarding potential birth defects and abortion always be discussed prior to entering into any contractual arrangement. (opposingviews.com)
  • I n a resounding confirmation that the Catholic church's pro-life concern extends to the brave new world of biotechnology, the Vatican today issued a tough document condemning the freezing of human embryos, genetic engineering, human cloning, animal/human genetic hybrids, and a number of other procedures described as affronts to human dignity. (ncronline.org)
  • This course examines a variety of legal, policy, scientific, social, and ethical issues in the realm of biotechnology. (shu.edu)
  • It is primarily an interdisciplinary research centre which studies a diverse range of topics, including health care practices, business and professional procedures, new information technologies and environmental issues. (nursingworld.org)
  • Promote interdisciplinary engagement on pressing bioethical issues. (cbhd.org)
  • Identification of the human genome has opened many new bioethical issues. (ceeol.com)
  • In analyzing the second seasons of "Grey's Anatomy" and "House," Czarny counted 179 depictions of bioethical issues, under 11 different topics, ranging from informed consent to organ-transplant eligibility to human experimentation. (psychcentral.com)
  • Because Human Trafficking Is A Public Health Issue. (nursingworld.org)
  • Peter I. Osuji , "Ethical Issues in the Use of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis for Creating a Human Leukocyte Antigen Matching Donor Child for Treating a Sibling Suffering from Fanconi Anemia. (duq.edu)
  • Little attention has been paid to emotional reactions to this issue, which could shed light on why human cloning is so contested. (uab.edu)
  • In addition, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issues exemption letters to ministries that have met the criteria to operate independently of the Affordable Care Act. (wikipedia.org)
  • In my bioethical work over the past twenty years, I have found the morality of in vitro fertilization (IVF) to be one of the most difficult issues for sincere people to grasp. (culture-of-life.org)
  • The last part contains a discussion of the main bioethical theories including their main line of reasoning and complex challenges in contemporary philosophy. (utm.edu)
  • Founded in 1989, Population Research Institute is a non-profit research and educational organization dedicated to objectively presenting the truth about population-related issues. (abortionno.org)
  • This article aims to analyze the bioethical aspects and legal and political issues of water fluoridation, creating a discussion based on established studies and new research, in order to contribute to an ethical and impartial perspective on the subject. (scielo.br)
  • The talk focused on such topics as stem cell research, cloning, organ transplant and other current issues. (antiochian.org)
  • In the latest policy statement issued in collaboration with the immunologist and geneticist Hans Clevers and the bioethicist and Member of the Dutch Parliament, Annelien Bredenoord, the researchers also examined for the first time the most important ethical dimensions of organoid research. (innovations-report.com)
  • These issues were chosen through a global research programme seeking to identify the most significant issues in the world today which are of concern in our task to take the good news to the world. (lausanne.org)
  • Multifetal pregnancy and fetal reduction, embryo cryopreservation, preimplantation genetic diagnosis, risks of birth defects and other adverse outcome associated with assisted reproductive technology are issues that have to be addressed building future collaborative studies and continuing the debate on related ethical issues. (georgetown.edu)
  • This collection, designed for use in the classroom, includes current controversial issues in a debate-style format designed to stimulate student interest and develop critical thinking skills. (thehastingscenter.org)
  • Perhaps the synapse with its robust relationships holds lessons in teamwork that could be instructive to the medical profession, bioethical discourse, and society at large. (cbhd.org)
  • Increasingly, its remit goes beyond what are traditionally deemed medical topics to include public health issues and areas of social care that interact with medical and life sciences. (stanford.edu)
  • An introductory article by Charity Scott delineates the principal legal and ethical issues on the general topic of medical privacy. (worldcat.org)
  • I have been involved for many years with bioethical problems arising from contemporary genetic issues concerning the beginning of biological life, its prolongation and its end. (pelagia.org)
  • This book attempts to give a brief presentation of the genetic problems, from the point of view of molecular biology and genetic engineering, and after each chapter the theological view of the Orthodox Church on each issue is briefly set out. (pelagia.org)
  • The Center's mission is to address fundamental ethical issues in the areas of health, medicine, and the environment as they affect individuals, communities, and societies. (genome.gov)
  • Lisa hosts a program with Dr. Kendal Stewart on Autism One Radio, has given numerous public presentations on autism biomedical treatment, written several articles, and served as a parent advocate in political and legislative autism issues. (autismone.org)
  • After the initial enthusiasm, many ethical, legal and social issues related to the application of these procedures began to evolve. (georgetown.edu)
  • The final section discusses the legal and ethical issues which accompany the technology. (worldcat.org)
  • The graduate certificate in Health and Hospital Law is designed for professionals seeking to enhance their knowledge of legal, regulatory, and ethical issues related to the delivery of healthcare. (shu.edu)
  • But it stopped short of issuing an explicit no to "embryo adoption," whereby infertile couples adopt embryos that were frozen during in vitro techniques and subsequently abandoned. (sfgate.com)
  • This is an English translation of the theological views of the Orthodox Church on bioethical issues, which have been taken from the above-mentioned book. (pelagia.org)
  • In this article, the bioethical views of the RAA under Islamic tradition is examined and contrasted with those influenced by the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Judaic traditions. (bvsalud.org)
  • Part 1 The Social and Bioethical Background. (wiley.com)
  • The theoretical analysis will be illustrated by reference to selected ethical issues in medicine and science. (bris.ac.uk)
  • As Moreno explains the most contentious issues, he also offers an engaging history of the intersection between science and democracy in American life, a reasoned (and often surprising) analysis of how different political ideologies view scientific controversies, and a vision for how the new biopolitics can help shape the quality of our lives. (ebooks.com)
  • President Barack Obama appointed COL Nelson Michael , the Director of MHRP, to the Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. (hivresearch.org)
  • That study also concluded that the programs may prompt students to think and talk about bioethical issues. (psychcentral.com)
  • Each issue is linked to the Ethics In Medicine website. (washington.edu)
  • Much of the controversy within the field involves conceptual and methodological issues such as the question: Do twin studies yield the most scientifically reliable conclusions about the degree to which genes shape behavior? (encyclopedia.com)
  • Without the backing of a clear moral consensus, the law is frequently forced into resolving these conflicts only to see the moral issues involved still hotly debated and the validity of existing law further questioned. (worldcat.org)
  • Professional attitudes to bioethical issues ration the supply of marginal living donor kidneys for transplantation. (lancs.ac.uk)
  • With it, the Vatican essentially confirmed in a single, authoritative instruction the opinions of the Pontifical Academy for Life , a Vatican advisory body that has debated these issues for years. (sfgate.com)
  • He said the document is valuable not because it contains any new pronouncements, but because it makes explicit, in one authoritative place, Vatican positions on issues that have emerged since the last such document - "Donum Vitae," or "Gift of Life" - was published in 1987. (sfgate.com)
  • On bioethical deliberations related to the beginning and end-of-life , all three religious traditions justify sacredness of life and that of God's will in preservation it. (bvsalud.org)
  • Like Donum Vitae , the new document is exclusively concerned with beginning-of-life issues. (ncronline.org)
  • As a student reads Ethical Issues in Modern Medicine , the material continuously adapts to ensure that he or she is focused on the content most crucial to closing specific knowledge gaps. (ecampus.com)