Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
The physical effects involving the presence of electric charges at rest and in motion.
The simultaneous, or near simultaneous, transference of heart and lungs from one human or animal to another.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
A pyrazine compound inhibiting SODIUM reabsorption through SODIUM CHANNELS in renal EPITHELIAL CELLS. This inhibition creates a negative potential in the luminal membranes of principal cells, located in the distal convoluted tubule and collecting duct. Negative potential reduces secretion of potassium and hydrogen ions. Amiloride is used in conjunction with DIURETICS to spare POTASSIUM loss. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p705)
The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.
The ability of a substrate to allow the passage of ELECTRONS.
Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
The transfer of energy of a given form among different scales of motion. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed). It includes the transfer of kinetic energy and the transfer of chemical energy. The transfer of chemical energy from one molecule to another depends on proximity of molecules so it is often used as in techniques to measure distance such as the use of FORSTER RESONANCE ENERGY TRANSFER.
Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.
The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).
Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.

Hydrogen production. Green algae as a source of energy. (1/164)

Hydrogen gas is thought to be the ideal fuel for a world in which air pollution has been alleviated, global warming has been arrested, and the environment has been protected in an economically sustainable manner. Hydrogen and electricity could team to provide attractive options in transportation and power generation. Interconversion between these two forms of energy suggests on-site utilization of hydrogen to generate electricity, with the electrical power grid serving in energy transportation, distribution utilization, and hydrogen regeneration as needed. A challenging problem in establishing H(2) as a source of energy for the future is the renewable and environmentally friendly generation of large quantities of H(2) gas. Thus, processes that are presently conceptual in nature, or at a developmental stage in the laboratory, need to be encouraged, tested for feasibility, and otherwise applied toward commercialization.  (+info)

The health impacts of exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels in developing countries: knowledge, gaps, and data needs. (2/164)

Globally, almost 3 billion people rely on biomass (wood, charcoal, crop residues, and dung) and coal as their primary source of domestic energy. Exposure to indoor air pollution (IAP) from the combustion of solid fuels is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. In this paper, we review the current knowledge on the relationship between IAP exposure and disease and on interventions for reducing exposure and disease. We take an environmental health perspective and consider the details of both exposure and health effects that are needed for successful intervention strategies. We also identify knowledge gaps and detailed research questions that are essential in successful design and dissemination of preventive measures and policies. In addition to specific research recommendations, we conclude that given the interaction of housing, household energy, and day-to-day household activities in determining exposure to indoor smoke, research and development of effective interventions can benefit tremendously from integration of methods and analysis tools from a range of disciplines in the physical, social, and health sciences.  (+info)

Daily average exposures to respirable particulate matter from combustion of biomass fuels in rural households of southern India. (3/164)

Indoor air pollution resulting from combustion of biomass fuels in rural households of developing countries is now recognized as a major contributor to the global burden of disease. Accurate estimation of health risks has been hampered by a paucity of quantitative exposure information. In this study we quantified exposures to respirable particulate matter from biomass-fuel combustion in 436 rural homes selected through stratified random sampling from four districts of Tamil Nadu, India. The study households are a subset of a larger sample of 5,028 households from the same districts in which socioeconomic and health information has been collected. Results of measurements for personal exposures to respirable particulate matter during cooking were reported earlier. This has been extended to calculation of 24-hr exposures with the aid of additional measurements during noncooking times and the collection of time-activity records. Concentrations of respirable particulate matter ranged from 500 to 2,000 micro g/m(3) during cooking in biomass-using households, and average 24-hr exposures ranged from 90 +/- 21 micro g/m(3) for those not involved in cooking to 231 +/- 109 micro g/m(3) for those who cooked. The 24-hr exposures were around 82 +/- 39 micro g/m(3) for those in households using clean fuels (with similar exposures across household subgroups). Fuel type, type and location of the kitchen, and the time spent near the kitchen while cooking were the most important determinants of exposure across these households among other parameters examined, including stove type, cooking duration, and smoke from neighborhood cooking. These estimates could be used to build a regional exposure database and facilitate health risk assessments.  (+info)

The origin, fate, and health effects of combustion by-products: a research framework. (4/164)

Incomplete combustion processes can emit organic pollutants, metals, and fine particles. Combustion by-products represent global human and environmental health challenges that are relevant not only in heavily industrialized nations, but also in developing nations where up to 90% of rural households rely on unprocessed biomass fuels for cooking, warmth, and light. These issues were addressed at the Seventh International Congress on Combustion By-Products, which convened 4-6 June 2001 in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina. This congress included a diverse group of multidisciplinary researchers and practitioners who discussed recent developments and future goals in the control of combustion by-products and their effects of exposure on human and ecologic health. Participants recommended that interdisciplinary, coordinated research efforts should be focused to capitalize on the important potential synergisms between efforts to reduce the adverse human health effects linked to exposures to combustion by-products and broader efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and save energy through efficiency. In this article we summarize the principal findings and recommendations for research focus and direction.  (+info)

Electricity generation by direct oxidation of glucose in mediatorless microbial fuel cells. (5/164)

Abundant energy, stored primarily in the form of carbohydrates, can be found in waste biomass from agricultural, municipal and industrial sources as well as in dedicated energy crops, such as corn and other grains. Potential strategies for deriving useful forms of energy from carbohydrates include production of ethanol and conversion to hydrogen, but these approaches face technical and economic hurdles. An alternative strategy is direct conversion of sugars to electrical power. Existing transition metal-catalyzed fuel cells cannot be used to generate electric power from carbohydrates. Alternatively, biofuel cells in which whole cells or isolated redox enzymes catalyze the oxidation of the sugar have been developed, but their applicability has been limited by several factors, including (i) the need to add electron-shuttling compounds that mediate electron transfer from the cell to the anode, (ii) incomplete oxidation of the sugars and (iii) lack of long-term stability of the fuel cells. Here we report on a novel microorganism, Rhodoferax ferrireducens, that can oxidize glucose to CO(2) and quantitatively transfer electrons to graphite electrodes without the need for an electron-shuttling mediator. Growth is supported by energy derived from the electron transfer process itself and results in stable, long-term power production.  (+info)

Exposure assessment for respirable particulates associated with household fuel use in rural districts of Andhra Pradesh, India. (6/164)

Indoor air pollution associated with combustion of solid fuels seems to be a major contributor to the national burden of disease in India, but relatively few quantitative exposure assessment studies are available. This study quantified the daily average concentrations of respirable particulates (50% cut-off at 4 microm) in 412 rural homes selected through stratified random sampling from three districts of Andhra Pradesh, India and recorded time activity data from 1400 individuals to reconstruct 24-h average exposures. The mean 24-h average concentrations ranged from 73 to 732 microg/m(3) in gas- versus solid fuel-using households, respectively. Concentrations were significantly correlated with fuel type, kitchen type, and fuel quantity. The mean 24-h average exposures ranged from 80 to 573 microg/m(3). Among solid fuel users, the mean 24-h average exposures were the highest for women cooks and were significantly different from men and children. Among women, exposures were the highest in the age group of 15-40 years (most likely to be involved in cooking or helping in cooking), while among men, exposures were highest in the age group of 65-80 years (most likely to be indoors). The data are being used to develop a model to predict quantitative categories of population exposure based on survey information on housing and fuel characteristics. This would facilitate the development of a regional exposure database and enable better estimation of health risks.  (+info)

Potential role of a novel psychrotolerant member of the family Geobacteraceae, Geopsychrobacter electrodiphilus gen. nov., sp. nov., in electricity production by a marine sediment fuel cell. (7/164)

Previous studies have shown that members of the family Geobacteraceae that attach to the anodes of sediment fuel cells are directly involved in harvesting electricity by oxidizing organic compounds to carbon dioxide and transferring the electrons to the anode. In order to learn more about this process, microorganisms from the anode surface of a marine sediment fuel cell were enriched and isolated with Fe(III) oxide. Two unique marine isolates were recovered, strains A1(T) and A2. They are gram-negative, nonmotile rods, with abundant c-type cytochromes. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA, recA, gyrB, fusA, rpoB, and nifD genes indicated that strains A1(T) and A2 represent a unique phylogenetic cluster within the Geobacteraceae. Both strains were able to grow with an electrode serving as the sole electron acceptor and transferred ca. 90% of the electrons available in their organic electron donors to the electrodes. These organisms are the first psychrotolerant members of the Geobacteraceae reported thus far and can grow at temperatures between 4 and 30 degrees C, with an optimum temperature of 22 degrees C. Strains A1(T) and A2 can utilize a wide range of traditional electron acceptors, including all forms of soluble and insoluble Fe(III) tested, anthraquinone 2,6-disulfonate, and S(0). In addition to acetate, both strains can utilize a number of other organic acids, amino acids, long-chain fatty acids, and aromatic compounds to support growth with Fe(III) nitrilotriacetic acid as an electron acceptor. The metabolism of these organisms differs in that only strain A1(T) can use acetoin, ethanol, and hydrogen as electron donors, whereas only strain A2 can use lactate, propionate, and butyrate. The name Geopsychrobacter electrodiphilus gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed for strains A1(T) and A2, with strain A1(T) (ATCC BAA-880(T); DSM 16401(T); JCM 12469) as the type strain. Strains A1(T) and A2 (ATCC BAA-770; JCM 12470) represent the first organisms recovered from anodes that can effectively couple the oxidation of organic compounds to an electrode. Thus, they may serve as important model organisms for further elucidation of the mechanisms of microbe-electrode electron transfer in sediment fuel cells.  (+info)

Evidence for involvement of an electron shuttle in electricity generation by Geothrix fermentans. (8/164)

In experiments performed using graphite electrodes poised by a potentiostat (+200 mV versus Ag/AgCl) or in a microbial fuel cell (with oxygen as the electron acceptor), the Fe(III)-reducing organism Geothrix fermentans conserved energy to support growth by coupling the complete oxidation of acetate to reduction of a graphite electrode. Other organic compounds, such as lactate, malate, propionate, and succinate as well as components of peptone and yeast extract, were utilized for electricity production. However, electrical characteristics and the results of shuttling assays indicated that unlike previously described electrode-reducing microorganisms, G. fermentans produced a compound that promoted electrode reduction. This is the first report of complete oxidation of organic compounds linked to electrode reduction by an isolate outside of the Proteobacteria.  (+info)

Bioelectric energy sources refer to the electrical energy generated through biological processes within living organisms. This energy is produced by the conversion of chemical energy into electrical energy, typically through the use of cell membranes and ions. A common example of a bioelectric energy source is the action potential generated by nerve cells, or neurons, in order to communicate signals throughout the body. Another example is the electrical energy generated by cardiac muscle cells during each heartbeat. These endogenous electrical signals can be harnessed and used for various medical and therapeutic purposes, such as in the use of pacemakers and cochlear implants. Additionally, there is ongoing research into developing bioelectric devices that can interface with living tissues to monitor or manipulate biological processes, such as tissue regeneration and cancer treatment.

Electric impedance is a measure of opposition to the flow of alternating current (AC) in an electrical circuit or component, caused by both resistance (ohmic) and reactance (capacitive and inductive). It is expressed as a complex number, with the real part representing resistance and the imaginary part representing reactance. The unit of electric impedance is the ohm (Ω).

In the context of medical devices, electric impedance may be used to measure various physiological parameters, such as tissue conductivity or fluid composition. For example, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) uses electrical impedance to estimate body composition, including fat mass and lean muscle mass. Similarly, electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a medical imaging technique that uses electric impedance to create images of internal organs and tissues.

Electricity is not a medical term, but rather a fundamental aspect of physics and science. It refers to the form of energy resulting from the existence of charged particles such as electrons or protons, either statically as an accumulation of charge or dynamically as a current.

However, in the context of medical procedures and treatments, electricity is often used to stimulate nerves or muscles, destroy tissue through processes like electrocoagulation, or generate images of internal structures using methods like electrocardiography (ECG) or electroencephalography (EEG). In these cases, a clear medical definition would be:

The use of electric currents or fields in medical procedures for therapeutic or diagnostic purposes.

Heart-lung transplantation is a surgical procedure where both the heart and lungs of a patient are replaced with those from a deceased donor. This complex and highly specialized surgery is typically considered as a last resort for patients suffering from end-stage lung or heart-lung diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, pulmonary fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or certain forms of congenital heart disease, who have exhausted all other treatment options and face imminent death.

The procedure involves removing the patient's diseased heart and lungs en bloc, followed by implanting the donor's heart and lungs in their place. The surgery requires a skilled multidisciplinary team of cardiothoracic surgeons, anesthesiologists, perfusionists, transplant coordinators, and intensive care specialists.

Following the transplantation, patients require lifelong immunosuppressive therapy to prevent rejection of the transplanted organs. Despite the significant risks associated with this procedure, including infection, bleeding, and rejection, heart-lung transplantation can significantly improve both survival and quality of life for carefully selected patients with advanced heart-lung disease.

Energy metabolism is the process by which living organisms produce and consume energy to maintain life. It involves a series of chemical reactions that convert nutrients from food, such as carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, into energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

The process of energy metabolism can be divided into two main categories: catabolism and anabolism. Catabolism is the breakdown of nutrients to release energy, while anabolism is the synthesis of complex molecules from simpler ones using energy.

There are three main stages of energy metabolism: glycolysis, the citric acid cycle (also known as the Krebs cycle), and oxidative phosphorylation. Glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell and involves the breakdown of glucose into pyruvate, producing a small amount of ATP and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). The citric acid cycle takes place in the mitochondria and involves the further breakdown of pyruvate to produce more ATP, NADH, and carbon dioxide. Oxidative phosphorylation is the final stage of energy metabolism and occurs in the inner mitochondrial membrane. It involves the transfer of electrons from NADH and other electron carriers to oxygen, which generates a proton gradient across the membrane. This gradient drives the synthesis of ATP, producing the majority of the cell's energy.

Overall, energy metabolism is a complex and essential process that allows organisms to grow, reproduce, and maintain their bodily functions. Disruptions in energy metabolism can lead to various diseases, including diabetes, obesity, and neurodegenerative disorders.

Body composition refers to the relative proportions of different components that make up a person's body, including fat mass, lean muscle mass, bone mass, and total body water. It is an important measure of health and fitness, as changes in body composition can indicate shifts in overall health status. For example, an increase in fat mass and decrease in lean muscle mass can be indicative of poor nutrition, sedentary behavior, or certain medical conditions.

There are several methods for measuring body composition, including:

1. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA): This method uses low-level electrical currents to estimate body fat percentage based on the conductivity of different tissues.
2. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA): This method uses low-dose X-rays to measure bone density and body composition, including lean muscle mass and fat distribution.
3. Hydrostatic weighing: This method involves submerging a person in water and measuring their weight underwater to estimate body density and fat mass.
4. Air displacement plethysmography (ADP): This method uses air displacement to measure body volume and density, which can be used to estimate body composition.

Understanding body composition can help individuals make informed decisions about their health and fitness goals, as well as provide valuable information for healthcare providers in the management of chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and heart disease.

Amiloride is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs called potassium-sparing diuretics. It works by preventing the reabsorption of salt and water in the kidneys, which helps to increase urine output and decrease fluid buildup in the body. At the same time, amiloride also helps to preserve the level of potassium in the body, which is why it is known as a potassium-sparing diuretic.

Amiloride is commonly used to treat high blood pressure, heart failure, and edema (fluid buildup) in the body. It is available in tablet form and is typically taken once or twice a day, with or without food. Common side effects of amiloride include headache, dizziness, and stomach upset.

It's important to note that amiloride can interact with other medications, including some over-the-counter products, so it's essential to inform your healthcare provider of all the medications you are taking before starting amiloride therapy. Additionally, regular monitoring of blood pressure, kidney function, and electrolyte levels is necessary while taking this medication.

The trachea, also known as the windpipe, is a tube-like structure in the respiratory system that connects the larynx (voice box) to the bronchi (the two branches leading to each lung). It is composed of several incomplete rings of cartilage and smooth muscle, which provide support and flexibility. The trachea plays a crucial role in directing incoming air to the lungs during inspiration and outgoing air to the larynx during expiration.

Electric conductivity, also known as electrical conductance, is a measure of a material's ability to allow the flow of electric current through it. It is usually measured in units of Siemens per meter (S/m) or ohm-meters (Ω-m).

In medical terms, electric conductivity can refer to the body's ability to conduct electrical signals, which is important for various physiological processes such as nerve impulse transmission and muscle contraction. Abnormalities in electrical conductivity can be associated with various medical conditions, including neurological disorders and heart diseases.

For example, in electrocardiography (ECG), the electric conductivity of the heart is measured to assess its electrical activity and identify any abnormalities that may indicate heart disease. Similarly, in electromyography (EMG), the electric conductivity of muscles is measured to diagnose neuromuscular disorders.

Body water refers to the total amount of water present in the human body. It is an essential component of life and makes up about 60-70% of an adult's body weight. Body water is distributed throughout various fluid compartments within the body, including intracellular fluid (water inside cells), extracellular fluid (water outside cells), and transcellular fluid (water found in specific bodily spaces such as the digestive tract, eyes, and joints). Maintaining proper hydration and balance of body water is crucial for various physiological processes, including temperature regulation, nutrient transportation, waste elimination, and overall health.

"Energy intake" is a medical term that refers to the amount of energy or calories consumed through food and drink. It is an important concept in the study of nutrition, metabolism, and energy balance, and is often used in research and clinical settings to assess an individual's dietary habits and health status.

Energy intake is typically measured in kilocalories (kcal) or joules (J), with one kcal equivalent to approximately 4.184 J. The recommended daily energy intake varies depending on factors such as age, sex, weight, height, physical activity level, and overall health status.

It's important to note that excessive energy intake, particularly when combined with a sedentary lifestyle, can lead to weight gain and an increased risk of chronic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. On the other hand, inadequate energy intake can lead to malnutrition, decreased immune function, and other health problems. Therefore, it's essential to maintain a balanced energy intake that meets individual nutritional needs while promoting overall health and well-being.

Electrophysiology is a branch of medicine that deals with the electrical activities of the body, particularly the heart. In a medical context, electrophysiology studies (EPS) are performed to assess abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias) and to evaluate the effectiveness of certain treatments, such as medication or pacemakers.

During an EPS, electrode catheters are inserted into the heart through blood vessels in the groin or neck. These catheters can record the electrical activity of the heart and stimulate it to help identify the source of the arrhythmia. The information gathered during the study can help doctors determine the best course of treatment for each patient.

In addition to cardiac electrophysiology, there are also other subspecialties within electrophysiology, such as neuromuscular electrophysiology, which deals with the electrical activity of the nervous system and muscles.

Anthropometry is the scientific study of measurements and proportions of the human body. It involves the systematic measurement and analysis of various physical characteristics, such as height, weight, blood pressure, waist circumference, and other body measurements. These measurements are used in a variety of fields, including medicine, ergonomics, forensics, and fashion design, to assess health status, fitness level, or to design products and environments that fit the human body. In a medical context, anthropometry is often used to assess growth and development, health status, and disease risk factors in individuals and populations.

Adipose tissue, also known as fatty tissue, is a type of connective tissue that is composed mainly of adipocytes (fat cells). It is found throughout the body, but is particularly abundant in the abdominal cavity, beneath the skin, and around organs such as the heart and kidneys.

Adipose tissue serves several important functions in the body. One of its primary roles is to store energy in the form of fat, which can be mobilized and used as an energy source during periods of fasting or exercise. Adipose tissue also provides insulation and cushioning for the body, and produces hormones that help regulate metabolism, appetite, and reproductive function.

There are two main types of adipose tissue: white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT). WAT is the more common form and is responsible for storing energy as fat. BAT, on the other hand, contains a higher number of mitochondria and is involved in heat production and energy expenditure.

Excessive accumulation of adipose tissue can lead to obesity, which is associated with an increased risk of various health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, and certain types of cancer.

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that primarily affects the lungs and digestive system. It is caused by mutations in the CFTR gene, which regulates the movement of salt and water in and out of cells. When this gene is not functioning properly, thick, sticky mucus builds up in various organs, leading to a range of symptoms.

In the lungs, this mucus can clog the airways, making it difficult to breathe and increasing the risk of lung infections. Over time, lung damage can occur, which may lead to respiratory failure. In the digestive system, the thick mucus can prevent the release of digestive enzymes from the pancreas, impairing nutrient absorption and leading to malnutrition. CF can also affect the reproductive system, liver, and other organs.

Symptoms of cystic fibrosis may include persistent coughing, wheezing, lung infections, difficulty gaining weight, greasy stools, and frequent greasy diarrhea. The severity of the disease can vary significantly among individuals, depending on the specific genetic mutations they have inherited.

Currently, there is no cure for cystic fibrosis, but treatments are available to help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. These may include airway clearance techniques, medications to thin mucus, antibiotics to treat infections, enzyme replacement therapy, and a high-calorie, high-fat diet. Lung transplantation is an option for some individuals with advanced lung disease.

"Energy transfer" is a general term used in the field of physics and physiology, including medical sciences, to describe the process by which energy is passed from one system, entity, or location to another. In the context of medicine, energy transfer often refers to the ways in which cells and organ systems exchange and utilize various forms of energy for proper functioning and maintenance of life.

In a more specific sense, "energy transfer" may refer to:

1. Bioenergetics: This is the study of energy flow through living organisms, including the conversion, storage, and utilization of energy in biological systems. Key processes include cellular respiration, photosynthesis, and metabolic pathways that transform energy into forms useful for growth, maintenance, and reproduction.
2. Electron transfer: In biochemistry, electrons are transferred between molecules during redox reactions, which play a crucial role in energy production and consumption within cells. Examples include the electron transport chain (ETC) in mitochondria, where high-energy electrons from NADH and FADH2 are passed along a series of protein complexes to generate an electrochemical gradient that drives ATP synthesis.
3. Heat transfer: This is the exchange of thermal energy between systems or objects due to temperature differences. In medicine, heat transfer can be relevant in understanding how body temperature is regulated and maintained, as well as in therapeutic interventions such as hyperthermia or cryotherapy.
4. Mechanical energy transfer: This refers to the transmission of mechanical force or motion from one part of the body to another. For instance, muscle contractions generate forces that are transmitted through tendons and bones to produce movement and maintain posture.
5. Radiation therapy: In oncology, ionizing radiation is used to treat cancer by transferring energy to malignant cells, causing damage to their DNA and leading to cell death or impaired function.
6. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This non-invasive diagnostic technique uses magnetic fields and radio waves to excite hydrogen nuclei in the body, which then release energy as they return to their ground state. The resulting signals are used to generate detailed images of internal structures and tissues.

In summary, "energy transfer" is a broad term that encompasses various processes by which different forms of energy (thermal, mechanical, electromagnetic, etc.) are exchanged or transmitted between systems or objects in the context of medicine and healthcare.

Biofilms are defined as complex communities of microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, that adhere to surfaces and are enclosed in a matrix made up of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). The EPS matrix is composed of polysaccharides, proteins, DNA, and other molecules that provide structural support and protection to the microorganisms within.

Biofilms can form on both living and non-living surfaces, including medical devices, implants, and biological tissues. They are resistant to antibiotics, disinfectants, and host immune responses, making them difficult to eradicate and a significant cause of persistent infections. Biofilms have been implicated in a wide range of medical conditions, including chronic wounds, urinary tract infections, middle ear infections, and device-related infections.

The formation of biofilms typically involves several stages, including initial attachment, microcolony formation, maturation, and dispersion. Understanding the mechanisms underlying biofilm formation and development is crucial for developing effective strategies to prevent and treat biofilm-associated infections.

Membrane potential is the electrical potential difference across a cell membrane, typically for excitable cells such as nerve and muscle cells. It is the difference in electric charge between the inside and outside of a cell, created by the selective permeability of the cell membrane to different ions. The resting membrane potential of a typical animal cell is around -70 mV, with the interior being negative relative to the exterior. This potential is generated and maintained by the active transport of ions across the membrane, primarily through the action of the sodium-potassium pump. Membrane potentials play a crucial role in many physiological processes, including the transmission of nerve impulses and the contraction of muscle cells.

Chlorides are simple inorganic ions consisting of a single chlorine atom bonded to a single charged hydrogen ion (H+). Chloride is the most abundant anion (negatively charged ion) in the extracellular fluid in the human body. The normal range for chloride concentration in the blood is typically between 96-106 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L).

Chlorides play a crucial role in maintaining electrical neutrality, acid-base balance, and osmotic pressure in the body. They are also essential for various physiological processes such as nerve impulse transmission, maintenance of membrane potentials, and digestion (as hydrochloric acid in the stomach).

Chloride levels can be affected by several factors, including diet, hydration status, kidney function, and certain medical conditions. Increased or decreased chloride levels can indicate various disorders, such as dehydration, kidney disease, Addison's disease, or diabetes insipidus. Therefore, monitoring chloride levels is essential for assessing a person's overall health and diagnosing potential medical issues.

... when drawing in large amounts of energy from a nearby energy source and energy to matter conversion. Virgil also possesses an ... Static can also use his powers to bring usually-invisible energies (like a person's personal bioelectric energy aura) and bring ... As well as releasing surges of electromagnetic energy, which he can do from any part of his body, Static can also drain sources ... Static has repeatedly displayed the ability to absorb and/or alter energy from enemy attacks and redirect the energy at said ...
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By using an external electrical power source to recharge his body's energy reserves, Electro can expend electricity ... He makes Spider-Man beg by stimulating the bioelectric currents in his brain, and is able to defeat Nate Grey by manipulating ... He can also absorb the energy of electrical equipment such as a power plant to increase his powers further. In New Avengers, he ... He can also create electrostatic bridges to traverse upon, at the cost of a great expenditure of energy. During the events of ...
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... "mental energy". Energy is energy. Matter is condensed energy. This text in Understanding the E-Meter is accompanied by three ... Some sources say the E-meter was "developed by Volney Mathison following Hubbard's designs", or that Hubbard invented it. ... and bioelectric potential. Researchers in psychophysiology are also exploring admittance and impedance aspects of EDA that can ... This mental mass (condensed energy), acts as an additional resistance or lack of resistance to the flow of electrical energy ...
... a simulated reality that intelligent machines have created to distract humans while using their bodies as an energy source. ... the machines responded by enslaving humankind and harvesting their bioelectric power while keeping their minds pacified in the ... After humans blocked the machines' access to solar energy, ... served as inspirational source for some details of The Matrix, ... until the movie becomes overwhelmed by its many sources ... There's not much humor to keep it all life-size, and by the final ...
2015). "Effect of electrical energy on the efficacy of biofilm treatment using the bioelectric effect". npj Biofilms and ... Microbial communities including microorganisms which use light as their energy source Stromatolite - Layered sedimentary ... primary source) Andersen PC, Brodbeck BV, Oden S, Shriner A, Leite B (September 2007). "Influence of xylem fluid chemistry on ... This is termed the bioelectric effect. The application of a small DC current on its own can cause a biofilm to detach from its ...
From 2004 to 2005 the Energy Engineering has also been included in the faculty. The Science and Research Branch is the only ... CS1 Persian-language sources (fa), CS1 maint: archived copy as title, All articles with dead external links, Articles with dead ... in bio-electric, bio-mechanics, and bio-materials. Since 2004 the faculty has been offering degrees in clinical disciplines. ... Center for Environment and Energy Research and Studies (CEERS) Plasma Physics Research Center (Plasma Physics Research Center) ...
Hydroelectric device converting fluid energy to constant energy 16. Air pollutant purification device special for industrial ... Official homepage (CS1 Persian-language sources (fa), Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, ... Bioelectric) Faculty of Humanities Guidance & counseling Social work At present, the IAU, Khomeinishahr branch has 9 graduate ( ... Energy Conversion) Mechanical engineering (Production & Manufacturing) Mechanical engineering (Applied Design) Mechanical ...
Different sources report different numbers of hierarchical level in bone, which is a complex biological material. The types of ... M.H. Shamos (1965). "The Origin of Bioelectric Effects in Mineralized Tissues". Dental Research. 44 (6): 1114-1115. doi:10.1177 ... which results in the dissipation of energy within the arrangement. These scales or hierarchical structures are therefore able ... a source of new concepts for understanding biomineralization processes". Chemistry: A European Journal. 12 (4): 980-987. doi: ...
Official homepage (in German) Dance or Die at MySpace Dance or Die at Discogs (CS1 Portuguese-language sources (pt), CS1 German ... In 2001, they released the album Schlafendeenergie on Synthetic Symphony in Germany and cross-licensed to Energy Rekords in ... BioElectric (in Portuguese). Ibura, Brazil. Retrieved 27 November 2021. "Dance Or Die bringen die Clubs mit ... "Schlafende Energie" (literally: sleeping energy) is a term coined by the German television series Raumpatrouille and means an ...
Complex bioelectric sequences have been recorded in association with integrated feeding and predation behaviours in Favella. ... Cells migrate toward a light source when the light intensity is weak, but the direction reverses under reducing conditions. In ... preparation of a platform with chemically active sites and the development of biohybrid devices capable of converting energy of ... Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License Häder, ...
Some energy attacks also prove problematic for Kitty. For example, an energy blast fired by Harpoon, a member of the Marauders ... Alternatively, if you have followed Kitty for years through the source material, you may have some questions (or critiques) ... including the bio-electric systems of living bodies if she concentrates in the right way. This typically causes machines to ... While trying to save Rogue, Kitty was badly injured by Harpoon's energy spear during the Mutant Massacre story arc, in the ...
8 December - A new way of extracting hydrogen from rocks and water, potentially offering a new green energy source, has been ... "Bioelectric Signals Can Be Used to Detect Early Cancer". Science Daily. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2013. "Qaher F313 ... CS1 Russian-language sources (ru), CS1 German-language sources (de), CS1 Italian-language sources (it), Use dmy dates from July ... "Hydrogen squeezed from stone could be new energy source". BBC. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 14 December 2013. Chang, Kenneth (9 ...
Superman who was able to reformat his power source to any energy source he could consciously choose, effortlessly overcoming ... manipulating Superman's bio-electric aura into a telekinetic field, but eventually this was retconned so that 50% of his DNA ... No longer able to absorb energy directly from the Sun, he used Kal-El's body as a power source. He eventually became delusional ... He dies in an attempt to defeat Monarch using a massive amount of energy that burns out his body. The Earth-16 concept is ...
The signal source refers to the location at which the EMG electrode is place. EMG signal acquisition is dependent on distance ... The brain is given the task to perform a certain motor task, and once a muscle has been weakened, the brain computes energy ... The transducer used to detect the signal is an EMG electrode than transforms the bioelectric signal from the muscle to a ... The six determinants of gait predict very high energy expenditure for the sinusoidal motion of the Center of Mass during gait, ...
... and fire bioelectric energy blasts. She is a founding member of the Avengers and the one who gave them their name as well as a ... Check mark indicates role has been confirmed using screenshots of closing credits and other reliable sources.{{cite web}}: CS1 ... The Wasp is able to harness and augment her body's natural bio-electric energy, releasing it from her hands in powerful ... Her bio-electric blast, when applied from within the ear to the brain, reverts the Hulk to Bruce Banner during the New York ...
... blocking out the sun to deprive the machines of solar energy, their primary energy source; inevitably, it also initiates a ... With the war ended, they turn to the defeated humans - refining the technology from their bio-electric tanks to build massive ... The burst of energy causes Dan to be unplugged from the Matrix and wake up in his power-station pod, where he sees the real ... Armed with this new and almost limitless power source, the machines quickly overwhelmed all opposition as mankind's power ...
Initial electrical energy absorption and redirection later developed into absorption and redirection of any energy source; ... Morphine Somers - Superannuation touch generates specific bioelectric feedback through matter, aging it thousands of years into ... He took drugs to enhance his dwindling psychic energies, and as a result grew demented. He eventually killed the last of the X- ... but those he resurrected are linked to his neural energies. The Rat Pack - Casino enforcers for Synge Casino. Lytton and ...
Nova tries to stop him, but he is knocked unconscious by an energy blast. The others pursue the High Evolutionary and try to ... Night Thrasher is a skilled martial artist as well as bio electric mutant. Phaser (Christian Cord) - Cord is the depowered ... with some sources saying the series could find a home on Disney's then-upcoming subscription streaming service, Disney+. In ... Blackwing wears a suit based on the Vulture's that gives him flight, super strength and the ability to fire energy blasts. ...
Crosbie, Smith (1998). ). The Science of Energy - a Cultural History of Energy Physics in Victorian Britain. The University of ... Malmivuo, Jaakko (1995). Bioelectromagnetism: principles and applications of bioelectric and biomagnetic fields (PDF). USA: ... unreliable medical source?][page needed] FDA provides two different services when it comes to PEMF devices. When a PEMF device ... Producers of EMT devices claim that they can cure people by "balancing" their discordant energies, according to alternative and ...
CS1 Dutch-language sources (nl), CS1 German-language sources (de), Articles with short description, Short description matches ... They also need to be able to provide complete nutrition and energy for the weeks it will be conducted. Professional nutritional ... Vega machine testing, a bioelectric test, is a controversial method that attempt to measure allergies or food or environmental ...
CS1 Japanese-language sources (ja), CS1 German-language sources (de), Articles with short description, Short description is ... Phin, realizing the error of her ways, flies Miles to a safe distance above the city so that he can release the energy, killing ... Miles intervenes to protect him and defeats Rhino with his new bio-electric ability, later dubbed "Venom". Leaving Rhino in ... is threatened by a war between the Roxxon Energy Corporation and a high-tech criminal army called the Underground, led by the ...
... taking their suffering in anticipation of death as his energy source. Once the ritual is completed, the Astronomer is blessed ... During his stint as a fact finder for the Mafia, the Sleeper was a handsome brown haired Ace with strong bioelectric abilities ... It also gave him the ability to absorb any energy directed against him, including kinetic energy, and then release it back at ... Shadow can use the absorbed energy to boost his strength and speed to superhuman levels, and can "see" in the dark because his ...
Costerton encouraged exploration of the bioelectric effect, the phenomenon of cell-cell signaling and its relation to biofilm ... Member companies have represented several industrial categories including energy/petroleum, chemicals/specialty chemicals, ... "Sources and resources: Importance of nutrients, resource allocation, and ecology in microalgal cultivation for lipid ... Energy Procedia. 1 (1): 3245-3252. doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2009.02.109. Klapper I, Rupp CJ, Cargo R, Purevdorj B, and Stoodley P ( ...
It is spelled Narkevich-Todko in some sources; In Russian: Наркевич-Йодко. Some sources state that he was Polish, rendering his ... In book: Measuring Energy Fields: State of the Science, Backbone Publ.Co., Fair Lawn, USA, pp. 103-123. Korotkov K., Korotkin D ... Adamenko, V. G. (1972) Objects Moved at a Distance by Means of a Controlled Bioelectric Field, In Abstracts, International ... Kirlian and his wife were convinced that their images showed a life force or energy field that reflected the physical and ...
A second source of electric fields in fish is the ion pump associated with osmoregulation at the gill membrane. This field is ... In passive electrolocation, the animal senses the weak bioelectric fields generated by other animals and uses it to locate them ... Brachyhypopomus males produce a continuous electric "hum" to attract females; this consumes 11-22% of their total energy budget ...
Some electrodes may contain a metal coil that produces a mechanical vibration, as well as sparking energy that can be felt ... ISBN 978-0-435-45640-5.[unreliable source?] Dawn Mernagh-Ward, Jennifer Cartwright, Health and beauty therapy: a practical ... Bio-electric stimulation therapy (BEST) Electrotherapy - the use of electricity as a medical treatment Electrical muscle ... unreliable source?] High-frequency treatment uses low-current high-frequency alternating currents, delivered via a glass ...
... when drawing in large amounts of energy from a nearby energy source and energy to matter conversion. Virgil also possesses an ... Static can also use his powers to bring usually-invisible energies (like a persons personal bioelectric energy aura) and bring ... As well as releasing surges of electromagnetic energy, which he can do from any part of his body, Static can also drain sources ... Static has repeatedly displayed the ability to absorb and/or alter energy from enemy attacks and redirect the energy at said ...
Bioelectric Energy Sources 11% * Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex 11% * Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 11% ...
Bioelectric Energy Sources 100% * Cellulose 72% * Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis 16% * Electricity 83% ...
MeSH headings : Bacteria / genetics; Bioelectric Energy Sources / microbiology; Biomass; Buffers; Denaturing Gradient Gel ... MeSH headings : Bioelectric Energy Sources / microbiology; Geobacter / chemistry; Geobacter / metabolism; Sodium Chloride / ... MeSH headings : Bioelectric Energy Sources / microbiology; Biofilms; Carbon Dioxide / metabolism; Electricity; Electrochemical ... MeSH headings : Bacteria / metabolism; Bioelectric Energy Sources; Electrolysis; Geobacter / metabolism; Hydrogen / metabolism ...
Bioelectric Energy Sources 71% * Electrodes 37% * Electrolysis 66% * Oxidation-Reduction 41% * Technology 84% ...
The vital power coursing through the body is the bioelectric power, which is the source of all our actions. ... A practitioner of Preksha Dhyan is keenly aware of the flow of vital energy within the body. Without refined awareness of the ... Source of bliss and power. The treatise of life is full of infinite mysteries, and unless you learn to read it, the mysteries ... By following the rules of concentration, self-awareness and relaxation, it is possible to attune oneself to this great source ...
Bioelectric Energy Sources. *Bioengineering. *Biofilms. *Biofuels. *Biological Clocks. *Biological Evolution. *Biological ...
The following stresses on your system are sources of chronic fatigue. (See Research on Chronic Fatigue at the bottom of this ... Bioelectric disturbances from internal or external stressors. *Damaging thoughts, attitudes, feelings, and personal ... How To Boost Your Physical And Mental Energy How is your energy level?. Its natural for people to feel tired after a long day ... Restoring your energy is simple.. Physical and mental energy return when the requirements for health are met. ...
Although it generates only low voltages for now, it could lead to a clean and ubiquitous energy source for low-power devices, ... If we can learn to tweak this "bioelectric code", we might be able to prevent cancer and even grow new limbs ... Yucheng Luan at start-up firm East Eight Energy in China, Li and their colleagues created an energy-harvesting device just 1- ... molecules could be converted into constant electrical power at room temperature without the need of any other energy source," ...
... are seven chakra in human body known as energy plexus each having specific role in phisycal as well as stubble body.The bio-electric ... Indonesia from most reliable sources. We provide a Certificate of Authenticity with each and every Rudraksha sold from our ... in the religious text Devi Bhagwat Purana that there was a demon known as Tripurasur who was very strong and had Devine energy ...
Microwaves are a source of electromagnetic energy (a form of nonionizing form of radiation) electronically generated. When ... Loss of balance and circuiting of the bioelectric strengths within the ascending reticular activating system [the system which ... The experts have concluded that food cooked in microwaves loses between 60% and 90% of its vital energy and, at the same time, ... that even exposure to the energy-field itself was sufficient to cause such adverse side effects that the use of any such ...
Pulse Biosciences is a novel bioelectric medicine company committed to health innovation that has the potential to improve the ... The Companys proprietary Nanosecond Pulsed Field Ablation (nsPFA) technology delivers nanosecond pulses of electrical energy ... View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20230510005638/en/ ...
As strange as it sound, it is more logical than electrical energy that is generated through galvanism of bioelectric from his ... He had nowhere else to go and decided to investigate the source of the smoke. ... As for the changes to his energy. The previous active skills, force field, Nanosuit which consume Energy to be powered will now ... Energy and Aura had been combined. Energy upgrades from Augmentation will now apply to Aura. ...
The universe is all about energy! Simply put, energy is universal information in motion within and around everything. Its very ... Pioneer in the field of our bioelectric selves: Robert O. Becker. Read his book The Body Electric: Electromagnetism And The ... A grounded human being is someone who is connected to and receives direct benefit from the infinite free electron source ... Its energy continuously works towards our body homeostasis by either delivering or absorbing electrons. Grounding balances us ...
... experiences in an immersive photorealistic and physically accurate environment and not drain them of their bio-electric energy ... Source: NeRF project page on Matthew Tanciks website.. The transition from creation to generation is a necessary one to see ... ArXiv is the de-facto source for AI research papers. However I would caution readers that reading research papers for those who ... Organizations like the Open Metaverse Foundation and OMI Group are working on open source software projects to support the ...
... including energy (ie, carbohydrates and fat), protein, vitamins, and minerals, for maintenance and growth. Surgical patients ... Thus, fat is the only macronutrient stored in sufficient quantity to represent a useful endogenous energy source in the ... and bioelectric impedance. However, none of these has proved useful in clinical practice. ... Energy is supplied mainly by mobilizing fat stores. In this situation, total parenteral nutrition (TPN) supplies needed energy ...
Handbook of Energy Transitions: Renewable Energy Systems. Imran, M., Muhammad, H. A., Asim, M., Ali Khan, Z., Awotwe, T. & Baik ... Bioelectric potentials 100% * Light emitting diodes 76% * Light sources 63% * Color 27% ... Energy Storage Materials and Energy Harvesting. p. 830-838 9 p.. Research output: Chapter in Book/Published conference output ... Wilberforce, T., Thompson, J. & Olabi, A. G., 2022, Encyclopedia of Smart Materials: Energy Storage Materials and Energy ...
... to the underlying principles of thermodynamics to dissipate energy derived from photochemical and/or geochemical sources. ... This raises the question as to the potential of these phenomena, especially bioelectric fields, to have been involved in the ... The sources and mechanisms of such signalling pathways are still unknown, but have been postulated to involve vibration, ... Hence, the ability to dissipate energy to maintain homeostasis is a fundamental principle in all life, which can be viewed as ...
... the viscera are reflected in measurable changes of bio-electric current of the 12 primary meridians and to points called source ... "The EVOX records the energy of the voice and plots it into a PI, which gives the person a visual image of their perception as ... Rather, it is a precision analytical tool that assists users to determine if there is an energy imbalance associated with each ... AVAZZIA provides M.E.A.D., a precision analytical tool that assists users to determine if there is an energy imbalance ...
To view changes that have been made to the source record, or for additional information about this trial, click on the URL ... 1. Dietary energy content was measured from the 24-hour dietary records of their food consumption using the BeBiS (Nutrition ... 1. Body weight was measured using Tanita BC 545 N bioelectric impedance device-BIA. 2. Body fat mass was measured using Tanita ... The dietary records energy, macronutrient, and micronutrient contents were analyzed using the BeBiS (Nutrition Information ...
Bioelectric Breakthrough China Unveils Game-Changing Implant Power System. ByRitu Kardam November 20, 2023. January 15, 2024. ... Your source to all the latest updates and breaking news from around the World in Sports, Entertainment, Business, Politics, ... wireless energy receiving and storage device. This innovative […] ... Bioelectric Breakthrough China: Chinese scientists have achieved a significant breakthrough in the realm of bioelectronic ...
Utilize magnetics to balance energies, Heal and Shield with Photon machines, Bioelectric shields, Earth OM Field Generators, ... Use natural fiber clothes like linen and cotton (healthy sourced) in lieu of polyester and plastics ... These are some examples of the constant array of energy pollution and unfortunately most noxious energy is found right in our ... EMF comes in two types: Ionizing and Non-Ionizing, which basically refers to the ability of the energy to break chemical bonds ...
The source top ed medications the floodlight the Milky Way, and the edge solar system, huge constantly flashing from the void. ... The question directly to the partys brain through bioelectric wave.. Facing army organized Bona and you, empire mastered the ... every battleship of Tal I equipped with top energy shield purchased the 4th-level Miss Universe Dahan Technological Empire, ... The population small, and if occupy the source floodlight, they the ones! Thats empire has formulated millennium plan, and at ...
She made BioElectric Shield into a source for people who are suffering. Virginia carrier a ray of different products that ... Another topic of conversation is how solar energy is the largest growing type of renewable energy but yet it is one of the ... Why Using Clean Energy Matters. Doug Sandler, host of the Nice Guys on Business podcast, sits down with B.D. Erickson II of ... Leadership in Clean Energy. Allison Liddle welcomed CEO B.D. Erickson II on the LAUNCH podcast. Over the course of the episode ...
Physical energy is also high during this phase.. *Luteal Phase (10-14 days): As progesterone levels rise and energy turns ... Good sources of vitamin D include natural sunlight exposure and certain foods, such as fatty fish and fortified dairy products. ... He co-founded the Vagus Nerve Society, a nonprofit that trains clinicians and promotes health through bioelectric medicine. ... Leptin: Produced by fat cells, leptin helps regulate appetite and energy balance by suppressing hunger and promoting energy ...
The Borg are built to power their components with a very specific power source and energy pulses at very specific frequencies. ... They exhibit a complex bioelectric patterns. Very possibly organic.. LAFORGE: Organic?. Trek uses "organic" as a synonym for " ... How? The energy available for fingernail growth is limited to whats in the blood contained in his hand. The fingernails ... PICARD: I just hope this force field has enough energy to trigger the pulse.. (he slides the tiny device forward, and the blue ...
Also get The D Brief, your daily source for insights and analysis of the latest in defense news ... "Both states are developing jamming and cyberspace capabilities, directed energy weapons, on-orbit capabilities, and ground- ... NEXT STORY: DARPA Is Trying Bioelectric Implants to Help Heal Wounds Mideast missile duels have cost US Navy nearly $1B, ...
It was also taught by the mystery schools of ancient Greece, which no doubt received it from Indian sources. In the area of ... declared that the thetan is immortal; it possesses no mass, no wave-length, no energy, no time, and no location in space except ... have confirmed Hubbards postulate that a bioelectric field envelops the body. ... Thats one of the basic sources of a paradox.. The multiplicity of viewpoints among the community of Souls is an artificial ...
... form of energy called Radiant Energy. Tesla had even patented a highly efficient cold plasma ozone generator by 1893. ... A cured patient is a lost source of income. A sick patient who is marginally "improved" is a manageable patient. ... Medical schools that offered courses in bioelectric Medicine, Homeopathy or Eastern Medicine, for example, were told to either ... In order to maintain a state of health, all energy systems within the body need to exist in a state of balance or equilibrium. ...
... is a renewable energy source (renuwable energy) that can be obtained at minimal cost. The gas formed in the tube-tight (without ... harvest biogas, electricity and organic fertilizer from organic waste and garbage is no longer an impossibility. Bio-electric ... Fuels derived from petroleum are fossil energy sources that can not be updated (unrenewable), while demand continues to rise, ... is looking for renewable energy sources (renewable), such as biogas. Biogas is the result of anaerobic decomposition of organic ...
  • The researchers hope the device could be used to supply energy for nanotechnologies, such as tiny implants for drug delivery. (newscientist.com)
  • Bioelectric Breakthrough China: Chinese scientists have achieved a significant breakthrough in the realm of bioelectronic implants with the creation of a biodegradable, wireless energy receiving and storage device. (cynicaltimes.org)
  • Molecules are constantly moving, thanks to the thermal energy they possess at temperatures above absolute zero, even if they appear still to the human eye. (newscientist.com)
  • This demonstrates] that the mechanical energy arising from the thermal motion of the n-octane liquid molecules could be converted into constant electrical power at room temperature without the need of any other energy source," says João Ventura at the University of Porto in Portugal. (newscientist.com)
  • A basic hypothesis of natural medicine states that the introduction into the human body of molecules and energies, to which it is not accustomed, is much more likely to cause harm than good. (bibliotecapleyades.net)
  • Microwaves are a source of electromagnetic energy (a form of nonionizing form of radiation ) electronically generated. (bibliotecapleyades.net)
  • EMFs are invisible electromagnetic spectrum of energy and radiation produced by electricity. (deidremadsen.com)
  • He discusses a variety of topics such as the negative impacts of harmonics and distortion on energy usage, shares how Satic's products work to filter and make your electricity cleaner, and examines the condition and merits of Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity. (saticusa.com)
  • Pulse Biosciences is a novel bioelectric medicine company committed to health innovation that has the potential to improve the quality of life for patients. (newportvermontdailyexpress.com)
  • Medical schools that offered courses in bioelectric Medicine, Homeopathy or Eastern Medicine, for example, were told to either drop these courses from their curriculum or lose their accreditation and underwriting support. (educate-yourself.org)
  • People who have read the treatise discover a source of infinite knowledge, infinite intuition, infinite bliss and infinite power. (lifepositive.com)
  • Without refined awareness of the flow of the vital energy, the treatise cannot be read. (lifepositive.com)
  • A practitioner of Preksha Dhyan is keenly aware of the flow of vital energy within the body. (lifepositive.com)
  • The vital power coursing through the body is the bioelectric power, which is the source of all our actions. (lifepositive.com)
  • Chronic fatigue is linked to low levels of energy in the cells of the body. (lifesciences.care)
  • Fatigue without relief is a warning sign that your body and brain lack the energy required for maintenance and repair. (lifesciences.care)
  • Nevertheless, the current body of TRE research remains limited, with clinical trials often a control group subjected to an identical energy intake as the experimental group. (who.int)
  • Power is assessed by the study of the internal energy and bioelectricity. (lifepositive.com)
  • Although it generates only low voltages for now, it could lead to a clean and ubiquitous energy source for low-power devices, he says. (newscientist.com)
  • It is written in the religious text Devi Bhagwat Purana that there was a demon known as Tripurasur who was very strong and had Devine energy and power. (lingarajrudraksha.in)
  • The previous active skills, force field, Nanosuit which consume Energy to be powered will now use Aura, his literal soul power or in another word, his willpower. (webnovel.com)
  • There are many positives when it comes to solar energy such as decreased power bills and having your home's appliances running smoother. (saticusa.com)
  • The Company's proprietary Nanosecond Pulsed Field Ablation (nsPFA) technology delivers nanosecond pulses of electrical energy to non-thermally clear cells while sparing adjacent noncellular tissue. (newportvermontdailyexpress.com)
  • As strange as it sound, it is more logical than electrical energy that is generated through galvanism of bioelectric from his cells. (webnovel.com)
  • Although it would seem logical to measure each patient's energy needs by means of indirect calorimetry and to deliver calories accordingly, this is impractical and of unproven value. (medscape.com)
  • Careful elimination of external and bioelectric artifact is important to avoid misinterpretation of noncerebral activity (eg, ECG), which can contaminate multiple channels, appearing as generalized abnormalities. (medscape.com)
  • B.D. educates on the basics of dirty electricity, why it's dangerous to the biological and how SATIC's award-winning clean energy filtration product line is the ultimate solution for filtering and mitigating the EMF radiation that comes in from the solar panels on the roofs over our heads. (saticusa.com)
  • B.D. then continued to talk about how solar energy is one of the biggest culprits of creating dirty electricity, which is a new concept to Benoy. (saticusa.com)
  • Yucheng Luan at start-up firm East Eight Energy in China, Li and their colleagues created an energy-harvesting device just 1-centimetre square, which consists of a top and bottom electrode with several 25-nanometre-wide strands of zinc oxide attached to each. (newscientist.com)
  • Since both health and healing require energy, chronic fatigue points to trouble for both. (lifesciences.care)
  • Physical and mental energy return when the requirements for health are met. (lifesciences.care)
  • The experts have concluded that food cooked in microwaves loses between 60% and 90% of its vital energy and, at the same time, the structural disintegration processes accelerates. (bibliotecapleyades.net)
  • 1. Dietary energy content was measured from the 24-hour dietary records of their food consumption using the BeBiS (Nutrition Information System) program (version 8.2). (who.int)
  • A lack of physical or mental energy suggests trouble beyond not getting your work done. (lifesciences.care)
  • The consensus on the origins of life is that it involved organization of prebiotic chemicals according to the underlying principles of thermodynamics to dissipate energy derived from photochemical and/or geochemical sources. (bvsalud.org)
  • While striving to live healthy and conscious life we are surrounded by noxious toxic energies. (deidremadsen.com)
  • With the exception of those with major burns and trauma, pediatric surgical patients do not require more than the normal recommended amounts of energy and protein. (medscape.com)
  • In practice, estimating protein and energy needs from standard references and monitoring the patient's progress over time is acceptable. (medscape.com)
  • The sources and mechanisms of such signalling pathways are still unknown, but have been postulated to involve vibration, volatile transmission, or light through the phenomenon of ultraweak photon emission. (bvsalud.org)
  • Also, the subsequent objective is to establish a comparative scenario between dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and novel, portable, bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA)-based body composition analyzer, MI-105 (Meditech International Inc. India). (nih.gov)
  • Validity and reliability of a 4-compartment body composition model using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry-derived body volume. (cdc.gov)
  • However, dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) has been proposed as an alternative method for calculating BV. (cdc.gov)
  • To convert electricity into liquid fuel, Liao and his colleagues focused on Ralstonia eutropha , a soil microbe that can use hydrogen as an energy source to build CO2 into more microbial growth. (cnet.com)
  • The energy output is comparable to that achieved with similar sized biofilms catalyzing current production in microbial fuel cells, without the need for an organic feedstock or maintaining cell viability. (umass.edu)
  • Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy. (bvsalud.org)
  • If it works, the hybrid bioelectric system would also offer a more efficient way of turning sunlight to fuel than growing plants and converting them into biofuel . (cnet.com)
  • Photosynthesis achieves the same thing, absorbing sunlight and storing its energy in the bonds of carbohydrate molecules -- otherwise known as food and, nowadays, fuel. (cnet.com)
  • For example, corn converted to ethanol captures less than 0.2 percent of the original energy in the sunlight as fuel. (cnet.com)
  • The electricity starts a chemical reaction that uses the CO2 to make formate -- carbon dioxide with a hydrogen atom attached, which is an ion (electrically charged) that substitutes for insoluble hydrogen as an energy source for the microbe. (cnet.com)
  • The key topics of the conference concerned the development of hydrogen energy in Poland and Europe, innovative technologies, the use of hydrogen in the transport sector and production processes. (klasterwodorowy.pl)
  • In this edition of our issue we devote a lot of attention to renewable energy as the basis of the hydrogen economy. (klasterwodorowy.pl)
  • The devices maintain the energy production in ionic solutions and can be used as skin-patch devices to harvest electricity from sweat and moisture on skin to continuously power wearable devices. (umass.edu)
  • Employing renewable materials for fabricating clean energy harvesting devices can further improve sustainability. (umass.edu)
  • ATP (adenosine triphosphate) molecules are the storage and distribution vehicles for energy in the body. (luxxamed.de)
  • There are no atoms, molecules or cells of any organic system able to withstand such a violent, destructive power for any extended period of time, not even in the low energy range of milliwatts. (whydontyoutrythis.com)
  • In order to link two amino acids together, four energy-rich phosphate bonds have to be cleaved. (luxxamed.de)
  • RESEARCH OBJECTIVES Background Public health need Obesity is a problem of energy balance, wherein adipose tissue stores accumulate to excess levels when expenditure does not keep up with intake. (nih.gov)
  • The approach combines the appeal of energy-dense liquid fuels -- packing 50 times or more the energy per kilogram of even the best batteries -- with the potential to produce more fuel in a limited area than plants. (cnet.com)
  • The Energy Enhancement System combines Body, Mind, Spirit, and Science to help you achieve peak performance and reach higher states of health, consciousness and self-actualization. (healingfrequenciesofenergy.com)
  • ATP is the body's energy currency and plays a crucial role in various cellular processes. (luxxamed.de)
  • It can help eliminate and nullify effects of disruptive frequencies in the body while optimizing cellular energy levels to 70-90 millivolts. (healingfrequenciesofenergy.com)
  • Vaastu Shastra promotes positive inflow of energy and suggests ways to defer negative energies. (tathaastu.com)
  • Cachexia represents a situation of persistent negative energy balance that often is accompanied by disproportionate loss of muscle tissue, weakness, and steady deterioration of physical function. (nih.gov)
  • What is Energy Enhancement System? (healingfrequenciesofenergy.com)
  • The Energy Enhancement System TM (EESystem TM ) generates multiple bio- active life enhancing energy fields, including "scalar waves" which can allow cell regeneration, improve immune function, provide relief from pain, detoxify the body, elevate moods, and assist in balancing right and left hemispheres of the brain to increase energy levels. (healingfrequenciesofenergy.com)
  • In order to support the positive effects of energy and frequency therapy, we recommend that you integrate the following routines into your everyday life. (healingfrequenciesofenergy.com)
  • It should be noted that in addition to ATP, magnesium is also very important for ATP energy release reactions. (luxxamed.de)
  • If possible, release bioelectric potential by earthing. (healingfrequenciesofenergy.com)
  • The experts have concluded that food cooked in microwaves loses between 60% and 90% of its vital energy and, at the same time, the structural disintegration processes accelerates. (whydontyoutrythis.com)
  • The goal is to increase the number of useful technologies and tools available to scientists to facilitate their research in energy balance and health. (nih.gov)
  • Answer is simple that Vaastu provides a base for you to live a happy, healthy and peaceful life, by striking a perfect balance between energies. (tathaastu.com)
  • PURPOSE OF THE PA The purpose of this PA is to solicit applications to develop and validate new and innovative bioengineering technology to address clinical problems related to energy balance, intake, and expenditure. (nih.gov)
  • Aging poses additional interesting questions related to energy balance and its assessment. (nih.gov)
  • The body is then rejuvenated as tension in your back, neck and shoulder is eased using an acupressure massage that releases energy blocks. (flippingbook.com)
  • ATP releases energy by cleaving the phosphate bond. (luxxamed.de)
  • Fire releases energy which has the capability to burn the positivity around. (tathaastu.com)
  • This stunning technology, developed over 20 years by Dr. Sandra Rose Michael, Ph.D, DNM, DCSJl, uses custom-installed computers to generate morphogenic energy fields that can promote healing. (healingfrequenciesofenergy.com)
  • This energy is used in almost all energy-related cell reactions. (luxxamed.de)
  • These studies have provided evidence of the potential of bio scalar energy to boost human cell regeneration, immune functions, and neurotransmitter functions. (healingfrequenciesofenergy.com)
  • The exclusive treatment facilities include couples room steam shower, saunas and magnesium indoor pool which alongside The Langham's exceptional service, makes Chuan Spa the perfect place to rediscover your source. (flippingbook.com)
  • And chemist Nate Lewis of the U.S. Department of Energy's Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis in Pasadena, Calif., is trying to create an entirely man-made version of a plant's food-making process. (cnet.com)
  • The program is the development of qigong masters and includes the use of new light therapy devices that emit energy very close to the chi itself. (wholehealthathome.com)
  • It addresses a growing interest in the field of mind-body medicine and the role of natural "energy forces" within the body in maintaining normal health and wellbeing. (wholehealthathome.com)
  • All peoples and all religions are from one and the same source (God) and we are all together in this vast quantum ocean (the Zero Point Field) of timeless love! (scienceofwholeness.com)
  • Vaastu Shastra says that, when a house is made and later on decorated, as per fundamentals laid by Vaastu, it creates a justified proportion of bio-electric-magnetic-energy in the house, which has the power to control health, happiness and prosperity of the family living within. (tathaastu.com)
  • Vaastu Shastra is the only science, which gives 'simple to follow' instructions, to maintain equilibrium of energies. (tathaastu.com)
  • Explaining it in simple terms, it may be said that when you place articles or items in your house according to the nature it possess or element it relates itself to, it supports and enhances the energy of that particular direction and maintain the equilibrium of the energies in house. (tathaastu.com)
  • The idea -- dubbed ' electrofuels ' by a federal agency funding the research -- could offer electricity storage that would have the energy density of fuels such as gasoline. (cnet.com)
  • These results suggest that we can harness the ubiquity of biofilms in nature as additional sources of biomaterial for evaporation-based electricity generation in diverse aqueous environments. (umass.edu)
  • The method provides a way to store electrical energy in a form that can be readily used as a transportation fuel,' chemical engineer James Liao of the University of California at Los Angeles, explains. (cnet.com)
  • Scalar fields exist out of relative time and space, thus they do not decay over time or distance from their source. (healingfrequenciesofenergy.com)
  • In this book, pioneering clinicians illustrate the important role of light in the emerging fields of Mindbody Healing and Subtle Energy Medicine. (wholehealthathome.com)
  • It is not a secret, but rather, an indication of emotional restrictions in your energy fields that are causing a weightiness of sorts in your heart. (wisdomoftherays.com)
  • Interestingly, we cannot witness it, with our eyes even wide open, but as energies can only be felt, the impact of fire in the area of water can be felt over a period of time. (tathaastu.com)
  • AMRA defines luxury using only the world's most precious ingredients encapsulated with our latest scientific natural bio- actives, which have been ethically & sustainably sourced to develop cutting-edge formulations designed specifically for modern world skincare concerns. (flippingbook.com)
  • Referring to Pic2, north-east direction is associated with water which releases flowing energies, instability and flexibility - so in a house north-east direction should be used to make underground water tank, fountains, and pools or bathing rooms so that water energy could be supported and enhanced. (tathaastu.com)
  • The molecule ATP is an important energy store and distributor in the body. (luxxamed.de)
  • The synthesis of almost any chemical compound requires energy. (luxxamed.de)
  • Now, having understood the fundamentals of Vaastu and how elements in each direction create harmony of energies, a question arises " why some people living in Vaastu compliant houses are not happy and some of them, living even in the house which is not so Vaastu friendly, are flourishing? (tathaastu.com)
  • Microwaves are a source of electromagnetic energy (a form of nonionizing form of radiation ) electronically generated. (whydontyoutrythis.com)
  • Energy and matter at its most basic level can be defined as the multi-dimensional mathematics of sacred geometry. (scienceofwholeness.com)
  • Although previously healthy children have reserves of energy and protein that allow survival and wound healing without exogenous nutritional support, these reserves are limited. (medscape.com)
  • With the exception of those with major burns and trauma, pediatric surgical patients do not require more than the normal recommended amounts of energy and protein. (medscape.com)