The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.
Organisms that live in water.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers.
An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Techniques for standardizing and expediting taxonomic identification or classification of organisms that are based on deciphering the sequence of one or a few regions of DNA known as the "DNA barcode".
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
Animals that have no spinal column.
Activities performed by humans.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
The spectrum of different living organisms inhabiting a particular region, habitat, or biotope.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
The Mediterranean Sea is a body of water that is not typically associated with the medical field.
The sequence of transfers of matter and energy from organism to organism in the form of FOOD. Food chains intertwine locally into a food web because most organisms consume more than one type of animal or plant. PLANTS, which convert SOLAR ENERGY to food by PHOTOSYNTHESIS, are the primary food source. In a predator chain, a plant-eating animal is eaten by a larger animal. In a parasite chain, a smaller organism consumes part of a larger host and may itself be parasitized by smaller organisms. In a saprophytic chain, microorganisms live on dead organic matter.
The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.
Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.
The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
VERTEBRATES belonging to the class amphibia such as frogs, toads, newts and salamanders that live in a semiaquatic environment.
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Former Netherlands overseas territory in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It had included the islands of Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St. Eustatius, and the southern part of St. Martin. The Netherlands Antilles dissolved on October 10, 2010. Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten became autonomous territories of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius are under the direct administration of the Netherlands. (From US Department of State, Background Note)
Ecosystem and environmental activities, functions, or events.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
A group of islands in Melanesia constituting a French overseas territory. The group includes New Caledonia (the main island), Ile des Pins, Loyalty Island, and several other islet groups. The capital is Noumea. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1774 and visited by various navigators, explorers, and traders from 1792 to 1840. Occupied by the French in 1853, it was set up as a penal colony 1864-94. In 1946 it was made a French overseas territory. It was named by Captain Cook with the 5th and 6th century A.D. Latin name for Scotland, Caledonia. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p830 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p375)
Panama is a type of medical malpractice that occurs when a healthcare provider fails to take appropriate action to prevent the spread of an infection from one patient to another.
Inland bodies of standing FRESHWATER usually smaller than LAKES. They can be man-made or natural but there is no universal agreement as to their exact size. Some consider a pond to be a small body of water that is shallow enough for sunlight to reach the bottom.
The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
Processes orchestrated or driven by a plethora of genes, plant hormones, and inherent biological timing mechanisms facilitated by secondary molecules, which result in the systematic transformation of plants and plant parts, from one stage of maturity to another.
The theory that infectious agents, symbiotic microorganisms, and parasites are normal stimulants for the maturation of the immune system toward a balanced immune response. The theory predicts that lack of such stimulation leads to allergies and AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.
Minute free-floating animal organisms which live in practically all natural waters.
A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.
Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.
A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
Characteristic events occurring in the ATMOSPHERE during the interactions and transformation of various atmospheric components and conditions.
Environment un-modified by human activity. Areas in which natural processes operate without human interference.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
The system of all phenomena in space and time; the totality of physical reality. It is both a scientific and philosophic concept appearing in all historic eras. (Webster 2d; Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Tracts of land completely surrounded by water.
One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and ARCHAEA), also called Eukarya. These are organisms whose cells are enclosed in membranes and possess a nucleus. They comprise almost all multicellular and many unicellular organisms, and are traditionally divided into groups (sometimes called kingdoms) including ANIMALS; PLANTS; FUNGI; and various algae and other taxa that were previously part of the old kingdom Protista.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Marine ridges composed of living CORALS, coral skeletons, calcareous algae, and other organisms, mixed with minerals and organic matter. They are found most commonly in tropical waters and support other animal and plant life.
A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)
The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)
A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.
Museums in the medical field are institutions that collect, preserve, and display objects and specimens related to the history and practice of medicine, medical science, and healthcare.
Free-floating minute organisms that are photosynthetic. The term is non-taxonomic and refers to a lifestyle (energy utilization and motility), rather than a particular type of organism. Most, but not all, are unicellular algae. Important groups include DIATOMS; DINOFLAGELLATES; CYANOBACTERIA; CHLOROPHYTA; HAPTOPHYTA; CRYPTOMONADS; and silicoflagellates.
Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.
An order of mostly marine CRUSTACEA containing more than 5500 species in over 100 families. Like ISOPODA, the other large order in the superorder Peracarida, members are shrimp-like in appearance, have sessile compound eyes, and no carapace. But unlike Isopoda, they possess thoracic gills and their bodies are laterally compressed.
Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.
Fires in the medical field refer to uncontrolled combustion that occurs in a patient's body, typically as a result of inflammation or infection.
Costa Rica is a country in Central America known for its high-quality and affordable healthcare services, including medical tourism.
The physiological processes, properties, and states characteristic of plants.
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Paraguay is a country in South America known for its high rates of parasitic infections, particularly Chagas disease.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
The science that deals with the ocean and its phenomena. (Webster, 3d ed)
A partially enclosed body of water, and its surrounding coastal habitats, where saltwater from the ocean mixes with fresh water from rivers or streams. The resulting mixture of seawater and fresh water is called brackish water and its salinity can range from 0.5 to 35 ppt. (accessed
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Cold-blooded, air-breathing VERTEBRATES belonging to the class Reptilia, usually covered with external scales or bony plates.
The Pacific Ocean is a large body of water that is not directly related to the medical field.
Brazil is a country in South America known for its high rates of infectious diseases such as dengue fever, Zika virus, and chikungunya, as well as its successful vaccination programs.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
A type of climate characterized by insufficient moisture to support appreciable plant life. It is a climate of extreme aridity, usually of extreme heat, and of negligible rainfall. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A large subphylum of mostly marine ARTHROPODS containing over 42,000 species. They include familiar arthropods such as lobsters (NEPHROPIDAE), crabs (BRACHYURA), shrimp (PENAEIDAE), and barnacles (THORACICA).
Observation and acquisition of physical data from a distance by viewing and making measurements from a distance or receiving transmitted data from observations made at distant location.
A plant genus of the family PONTEDERIACEAE that is used as a biological filter for treating wastewater.
Multicellular marine macroalgae including some members of red (RHODOPHYTA), green (CHLOROPHYTA), and brown (PHAEOPHYTA) algae. They are widely distributed in the ocean, occurring from the tide level to considerable depths, free-floating (planktonic) or anchored to the substratum (benthic). They lack a specialized vascular system but take up fluids, nutrients, and gases directly from the water. They contain CHLOROPHYLL and are photosynthetic, but some also contain other light-absorbing pigments. Many are of economic importance as FOOD, fertilizer, AGAR, potash, or source of IODINE.
The Atlantic Ocean is a large body of saltwater that separates the Americas from Europe and Africa, and has no direct relevance to the medical field.
The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.
The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)
Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
An island in the Malay Archipelago, east of Sumatra, north of Java, and west of Celebes. It is the third largest island in the world. Its name is a Portuguese alteration of BRUNEI, located on it. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p163; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p73)
Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.
A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.
A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.
Geological formations consisting of underground enclosures with access from the surface.
A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
BIRDS that hunt and kill other animals, especially higher vertebrates, for food. They include the FALCONIFORMES order, or diurnal birds of prey, comprised of EAGLES, falcons, HAWKS, and others, as well as the STRIGIFORMES order, or nocturnal birds of prey, which includes OWLS.
The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.
Animals having a vertebral column, members of the phylum Chordata, subphylum Craniata comprising mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.
Warm-blooded vertebrate animals belonging to the class Mammalia, including all that possess hair and suckle their young.
Members of the phylum Arthropoda, composed of organisms having a hard, jointed exoskeleton and paired jointed legs. It includes the class INSECTS and the subclass ARACHNIDA, many species of which are important medically as parasites or as vectors of organisms capable of causing disease in man.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Fields of science encompassing studies and research from the disciplines of PHYSICS; CHEMISTRY; BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; and MATHEMATICS; that are related to the planet EARTH. Subfields include atmospheric chemistry; CLIMATOLOGY; ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; GEOGRAPHY; GEOLOGY; geophysics; METEOROLOGY; OCEANOGRAPHY; PALEONTOLOGY; mineralogy; and seismology.
The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
The physical distribution of plants in various forms and stages of development through time and space.
Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.
A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.
The climate of a very small area.
The genomic analysis of assemblages of organisms.
A class of minute animals of the phylum Aschelminthes.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.
The act of feeding on plants by animals.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
An area of water mostly surrounded by land, usually smaller than a gulf, and affording access to the sea.
Originally an island of the Malay Archipelago, the second largest island in the world. It divided, West New Guinea becoming part of Indonesia and East New Guinea becoming Papua New Guinea.
The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Constituent of the 40S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 18S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Interactional process combining investigation, discussion, and agreement by a number of people in the preparation and carrying out of a program to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community. It usually involves the action of a formal political, legal, or recognized voluntary body.
Community of tiny aquatic PLANTS and ANIMALS, and photosynthetic BACTERIA, that are either free-floating or suspended in the water, with little or no power of locomotion. They are divided into PHYTOPLANKTON and ZOOPLANKTON.
Any of a group of plants formed by a symbiotic combination of a fungus with an algae or CYANOBACTERIA, and sometimes both. The fungal component makes up the bulk of the lichen and forms the basis for its name.
Ecuador is a country in South America with a high burden of infectious diseases such as malaria, dengue, and tuberculosis.
Any of several processes for the permanent or long-term artificial or natural capture or removal and storage of carbon dioxide and other forms of carbon, through biological, chemical or physical processes, in a manner that prevents it from being released into the atmosphere.
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Large, robust forms of brown algae (PHAEOPHYCEAE) in the order Laminariales. They are a major component of the lower intertidal and sublittoral zones on rocky coasts in temperate and polar waters. Kelp, a kind of SEAWEED, usually refers to species in the genera LAMINARIA or MACROCYSTIS, but the term may also be used for species in FUCUS or Nereocystis.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Energy transmitted from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation.
North America refers to the continent that includes Canada, the United States, and Mexico, as well as the surrounding islands, in the medical field.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
Europe is a continent where medical research, education, and healthcare systems are highly developed and diverse.
The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Argentina is a country in South America known for its high rates of infectious diseases such as Chagas disease and typhoid fever.

Environmental occurrence, analysis, and toxicology of toxaphene compounds. (1/4478)

Toxaphene production, in quantities similar to those of polychlorinated biphenyls, has resulted in high toxaphene levels in fish from the Great Lakes and in Arctic marine mammals (up to 10 and 16 microg g-1 lipid). Because of the large variabiliity in total toxaphene data, few reliable conclusions can be drawn about trends or geographic differences in toxaphene concentrations. New developments in mass spectrometric detection using either negative chemical ionization or electron impact modes as well as in multidimensional gas chromatography recently have led researchers to suggest congener-specific approaches. Recently, several nomenclature systems have been developed for toxaphene compounds. Although all systems have specific advantages and limitations, it is suggested that an international body such as the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry make an attempt to obtain uniformity in the literature. Toxicologic information on individual chlorobornanes is scarce, but some reports have recently appeared. Neurotoxic effects of toxaphene exposure such as those on behavior and learning have been reported. Technical toxaphene and some individual congeners were found to be weakly estrogenic in in vitro test systems; no evidence for endocrine effects in vivo has been reported. In vitro studies show technical toxaphene and toxaphene congeners to be mutagenic. However, in vivo studies have not shown genotoxicity; therefore, a nongenotoxic mechanism is proposed. Nevertheless, toxaphene is believed to present a potential carcinogenic risk to humans. Until now, only Germany has established a legal tolerance level for toxaphene--0.1 mg kg-1 wet weight for fish.  (+info)

Richness of Colchic vegetation: comparison between refugia of south-western and East Asia. (2/4478)

BACKGROUND: The Colchis is one of the species-rich refugia and a centre of biological diversity in western Eurasia. We analysed patterns of richness, endemism and invasions in relation to taxonomy (family membership), life form, certain habitats in the Colchis, and compared them to patterns found for Japan. RESULTS: We found that in the Colchis perennials are significantly over-represented in endemic species, and that they typically occur on limestone soils and in alpine tall herbaceous vegetation. The Asteraceae produce significantly large number of both endemic and alien species, whereas the Poaceae are over-represented in alien species but under-represented in endemics. Likewise, the Apiaceae are over-represented in endemics, whereas the Euphorbiaceae are over-represented in alien species. Similar patterns have been found in Yakushima, Japan. The Morisita-Horn index of similarity between these two sites was 0.83 (based on family size). Although the flora of Adjara comprised of fewer families than the flora of Yakushima, the largest families are richer in species in the flora of Adjara than in the flora of Yakushima. CONCLUSIONS: Floristic analysis of refugia of western Eurasia and their comparison with geographically distant areas can provide useful data for plant ecological and evolutionary studies. Potentially, such studies can produce testable hypotheses on plant migrations and on their historical geography. For example, the data presented in this study indicate that more severe conditions in the Pleistocene and geographical isolation of the Colchis may be responsible for the higher relative importance of adaptive radiation in the shaping of its modern flora.  (+info)

Patterns in abundance and diversity of faecally dispersed parasites of tiger in Tadoba National Park, central India. (3/4478)

BACKGROUND: Importance of parasites in ecological and evolutionary interactions is being increasingly recognized. However, ecological data on parasites of important host species is still scanty. We analyze the patterns seen in the faecal parasites of tigers in the Tadoba National Park, India, and speculate on the factors and processes shaping the parasite community and the possible implications for tiger ecology. RESULTS: The prevalence and intensities were high and the parasite community was dominated by indirect life cycle parasites. Across all genera of parasites variance scaled with the square of the mean and there was a significant positive correlation between prevalence and abundance. There was no significant association between different types of parasites. CONCLUSIONS: The 70 samples analyzed formed 14 distinct clusters. If we assume each of the clusters to represent individual tigers that were sampled repeatedly and that resident tigers are more likely to be sampled repeatedly, the presumed transient tigers had significantly greater parasite loads than the presumed resident ones.  (+info)

The diversity of microorganisms associated with Acromyrmex leafcutter ants. (4/4478)

BACKGROUND: Molecular biological techniques are dramatically changing our view of microbial diversity in almost any environment that has so far been investigated. This study presents a systematic survey of the microbial diversity associated with a population of Acromyrmex leafcutter ants. In contrast to previous studies on social insects, which targeted specific groups of symbionts occurring in the gut (termites, Tetraponera ants) or in specialised cells (Camponotus ants) the objective of our present study was to do a total screening of all possible micro-organisms that can be found inside the bodies of these leafcutter ants. RESULTS: We amplified, cloned and sequenced SSU rRNA encoding gene fragments from 9 microbial groups known to have insect-associated representatives, and show that: (1) representatives of 5 out of 9 tested groups are present, (2) mostly several strains per group are present, adding up to a total of 33 different taxa. We present the microbial taxa associated with Acromymex ants in a phylogenetic context (using sequences from GenBank) to assess and illustrate to which known microorganisms they are closely related. The observed microbial diversity is discussed in the light of present knowledge on the evolutionary history of Acromyrmex leafcutter ants and their known mutualistic and parasitic symbionts. CONCLUSIONS: The major merits of the screening approach documented here is its high sensitivity and specificity, which allowed us to identify several microorganisms that are promising candidates for further study of their interactions with Acromyrmex leafcutter ants or their gardens.  (+info)

A new neuroprotective pinusolide derivative from the leaves of Biota orientalis. (5/4478)

A new pinusolide derivative, 15-methoxypinusolidic acid (1), and another new isopimarane diterpene, ent-isopimara-15-en-3 alpha,8 alpha-diol (2) with three known diterpenes, lambertianic acid (3), isopimara-8(9),15-dien-18-oic acid (4) and isopimara-7(8),15-dien-3 beta,18-diol (5) were isolated from the 90% MeOH fraction of Biota orientalis (L.) ENDL. (Cupressaceae) leaves. Chemical structures of 1-5 were elucidated by analyses of their spectral data, including the two-dimensional (2D) NMR technique. Compound 1 showed significant protective activity against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity in primary cultures of rat cortical cells.  (+info)

Biodiversity of nematode assemblages from the region of the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone, an area of commercial mining interest. (6/4478)

BACKGROUND: The possibility for commercial mining of deep-sea manganese nodules is currently under exploration in the abyssal Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone. Nematodes have potential for biomonitoring of the impact of commercial activity but the natural biodiversity is unknown. We investigate the feasibility of nematodes as biomonitoring organisms and give information about their natural biodiversity. RESULTS: The taxonomic composition (at family to genus level) of the nematode fauna in the abyssal Pacific is similar, but not identical to, the North Atlantic. Given the immature state of marine nematode taxonomy, it is not possible to comment on the commonality or otherwise of species between oceans. The between basin differences do not appear to be directly linked to current ecological factors. The abyssal Pacific region (including the Fracture Zone) could be divided into two biodiversity subregions that conform to variations in the linked factors of flux to the benthos and of sedimentary characteristics. Richer biodiversity is associated with areas of known phytodetritus input and higher organic-carbon flux. Despite high reported sample diversity, estimated regional diversity is less than 400 species. CONCLUSION: The estimated regional diversity of the CCFZ is a tractable figure for biomonitoring of commercial activities in this region using marine nematodes, despite the immature taxonomy (i.e. most marine species have not been described) of the group. However, nematode ecology is in dire need of further study.  (+info)

Complexity in natural microbial ecosystems: the Guerrero Negro experience. (7/4478)

The goal of this project is to describe and understand the organismal composition, structure, and physiology of microbial ecosystems from hypersaline environments. One collection of such ecosystems occurs at North America's largest saltworks, the Exportadora de Sal, in Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur. There, seawater flows through a series of evaporative basins with an increase in salinity until saturation is reached and halite crystallization begins. Several of these ponds are lined with thick (10 cm) microbial mats that have received some biological study. To determine the nature and extent of diversity of the microbial organisms that constitute these ecosystems, we are conducting a phylogenetic analysis using molecular approaches, based on cloning and sequencing of small subunit (SSU) rRNA genes (16S for Bacteria and Archaea, 18S for Eukarya). In addition, we report preliminary results on the microbial composition of a laminated community that occurs in a crystallized gypsum-halite matrix in near-saturated salt water. Exposure of the interior of these large (kilogram) wet, endoevaporite crystals reveals a multitude of colors: layers of yellow, green, pink, and purple microbiota. To date, analyses of these two environments indicate the ubiquitous dominance of uncultured organisms of phylogenetic kinds not generally thought to be associated with hypersaline environments.  (+info)

Viral influence on aquatic bacterial communities. (8/4478)

Bacterial viruses, or bacteriophages, have numerous roles in marine systems. Although they are now considered important agents of mortality of bacteria, a second possible role of regulating bacterial community composition is less well known. The effect on community composition derives from the presumed species-specificity and density-dependence of infection. Although models have described the "kill the winner" hypothesis of such control, there are few observational or experimental demonstrations of this effect in complex natural communities. We report here on some experiments that demonstrate that viruses can influence community composition in natural marine communities. Although the effect is subtle over the time frame suitable for field experiments (days), the cumulative effect over months or years would be substantial. Other virus roles, such as in genetic exchange or microbial evolution, have the potential to be extremely important, but we know very little about them.  (+info)

In the medical field, biodiversity refers to the variety of living organisms, including microorganisms, plants, and animals, that exist in a particular ecosystem or region. This diversity of life is important for maintaining the health and resilience of ecosystems, as different species play different roles in maintaining ecological balance and providing resources for human use. Biodiversity is also important in the development of new medicines and medical treatments. Many drugs are derived from natural sources, such as plants and animals, and the loss of biodiversity can reduce the availability of these resources. Additionally, biodiversity can help to protect against the spread of infectious diseases, as diverse ecosystems tend to be more resilient to disease outbreaks. Overall, biodiversity is a critical component of the health and well-being of both human and natural systems, and efforts to conserve and protect biodiversity are essential for maintaining the health of our planet.

In the medical field, the conservation of natural resources refers to the responsible use and management of natural resources such as water, air, land, and energy to ensure their sustainability and availability for future generations. This includes the reduction of waste and pollution, the efficient use of resources, and the implementation of practices that promote environmental health and well-being. Conservation of natural resources is important in the medical field because it helps to ensure that medical facilities and practices are sustainable and do not contribute to environmental degradation. For example, conserving water and energy can help to reduce costs and minimize the environmental impact of medical facilities. Additionally, conserving natural resources can help to protect the health of patients and staff by reducing exposure to pollutants and ensuring access to clean air and water. Overall, the conservation of natural resources is an important aspect of sustainable healthcare and is essential for promoting the health and well-being of both people and the planet.

In the medical field, aquatic organisms refer to living organisms that live in water, such as fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and algae. These organisms can be found in various aquatic environments, including oceans, rivers, lakes, and ponds. Aquatic organisms play an important role in the ecosystem and are studied by scientists in various fields, including biology, ecology, and environmental science. They are also used in medical research, particularly in the development of new drugs and treatments. In some cases, aquatic organisms can also pose a risk to human health, particularly if they are contaminated with toxins or other harmful substances. For example, certain types of fish can accumulate high levels of mercury, which can be harmful to humans if consumed in large quantities. Overall, aquatic organisms are an important part of the natural world and play a vital role in maintaining the health and balance of aquatic ecosystems.

In the medical field, biomass refers to the total mass of living organisms in a particular area or ecosystem. This can include plants, animals, and microorganisms, and is often used as a measure of the health and productivity of an ecosystem. Biomass can also be used to refer to the energy that can be derived from living organisms, such as through the burning of wood or the fermentation of plant materials to produce biofuels. In this context, biomass is often seen as a renewable energy source, as it can be replenished through natural processes such as photosynthesis.

Climate change refers to the long-term changes in the Earth's climate system, including changes in temperature, precipitation patterns, sea level, and extreme weather events. In the medical field, climate change can have significant impacts on human health, including increased risk of heat-related illnesses, respiratory problems due to air pollution, and the spread of infectious diseases. Climate change can also exacerbate existing health disparities and social inequalities, particularly for vulnerable populations such as low-income communities, children, and the elderly. Therefore, understanding the health impacts of climate change is crucial for developing effective strategies to mitigate and adapt to its effects.

In the medical field, the term "birds" typically refers to a class of warm-blooded vertebrates characterized by feathers, wings, and beaks. There are over 10,000 species of birds, and they can be found in a wide range of habitats, from forests and grasslands to deserts and oceans. In medicine, birds are sometimes studied as models for human diseases, particularly those related to infectious diseases. For example, some bird species, such as chickens and ducks, can carry and transmit viruses that are similar to those that affect humans, such as avian influenza. Birds are also used in medical research to study the effects of environmental pollutants on wildlife. For example, studies have shown that exposure to certain chemicals, such as pesticides and heavy metals, can have negative effects on bird populations. In addition, birds are sometimes used in medical treatments, such as in the field of avian therapy. Avian therapy involves the use of trained birds, such as parrots, to provide emotional support and companionship to people with a variety of conditions, including depression, anxiety, and dementia.

In the medical field, classification refers to the process of grouping individuals or conditions into categories based on shared characteristics or features. This process is often used to help healthcare providers better understand and manage diseases, disorders, and other medical conditions. For example, a classification system might be used to group patients with heart disease into different categories based on the specific type of heart disease they have, such as coronary artery disease, heart failure, or valvular heart disease. This can help healthcare providers tailor treatment plans to the specific needs of each patient. Classification can also be used to group individuals based on other characteristics, such as age, gender, or risk factors for certain diseases. For example, a classification system might be used to identify individuals who are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes based on factors such as age, weight, and family history. Overall, classification is an important tool in the medical field that helps healthcare providers better understand and manage a wide range of medical conditions and patients.

In the medical field, agriculture refers to the practice of cultivating crops and raising livestock for food, fiber, and other products. It encompasses a wide range of activities, including planting, harvesting, and processing crops, as well as breeding and caring for animals. Agricultural practices can have significant impacts on human health, both positive and negative. On the positive side, agriculture provides essential nutrients and calories for human consumption, and can also contribute to the development of new medicines and medical technologies. However, agricultural practices can also have negative impacts on human health, such as the exposure to pesticides and other chemicals, the risk of foodborne illness, and the development of zoonotic diseases (diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans). In the medical field, understanding the relationship between agriculture and human health is important for developing effective strategies to promote healthy diets, prevent foodborne illness, and address the health impacts of agricultural practices. This may involve working with farmers and agricultural organizations to promote sustainable and healthy farming practices, as well as developing new medical technologies and treatments to address the health impacts of agricultural practices.

In the medical field, "biota" refers to the collective term for all living organisms that inhabit a particular environment, including bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals. The biota of a particular area can have a significant impact on human health, as it can influence the spread of diseases, the availability of resources, and the overall health of the ecosystem. For example, the presence of certain types of bacteria in soil can affect the growth of crops, while the presence of certain types of animals can affect the spread of diseases. Understanding the biota of a particular area is important for developing effective strategies for managing and protecting human health and the environment.

In the medical field, the term "climate" typically refers to the environmental conditions in a particular location or region, including temperature, humidity, precipitation, and other factors that can affect human health. For example, a hot and humid climate may increase the risk of heat stroke and other heat-related illnesses, while a dry climate may increase the risk of dehydration and respiratory problems. In some cases, climate can also refer to the broader social and cultural context in which medical care is provided, including factors such as access to healthcare, cultural beliefs and practices, and economic conditions. For example, a study of climate and health in a particular region might examine how these factors interact to influence the prevalence of certain diseases or health outcomes.

In the medical field, amphibians are a group of cold-blooded vertebrates that include frogs, toads, salamanders, and newts. They are characterized by their moist skin, which helps them breathe through their skin as well as through their lungs. Amphibians are also known for their ability to live both on land and in water, and for their metamorphic life cycle, which involves a transformation from a larval stage to an adult stage. In medicine, amphibians are sometimes used in research to study various biological processes, such as development, genetics, and disease. However, they are not commonly used in medical treatments.

In the medical field, "Crops, Agricultural" typically refers to the cultivation and harvesting of crops for food, fiber, or other agricultural products. This can include a wide range of crops, such as grains, fruits, vegetables, and livestock feed. The medical field may be interested in agricultural crops for several reasons. For example, some crops may be used as sources of dietary fiber or other nutrients that can help prevent certain diseases. Others may be used to produce biofuels or other industrial products. Additionally, the use of pesticides and other chemicals in agriculture can have potential health effects on both humans and the environment, so the medical field may study the impact of these practices on human health. Overall, the medical field may be interested in agricultural crops as a way to understand the impact of food production on human health and the environment, and to develop strategies for promoting sustainable and healthy food systems.

Biological evolution refers to the process by which species of living organisms change over time through the mechanisms of natural selection, genetic drift, mutation, and gene flow. In the medical field, biological evolution is important because it helps us understand how diseases and pathogens have evolved and adapted to survive in different environments and populations. This knowledge is crucial for developing effective treatments and prevention strategies for infectious diseases, as well as for understanding the genetic basis of inherited diseases and disorders. Additionally, understanding the evolutionary history of organisms can provide insights into their biology, ecology, and behavior, which can inform conservation efforts and the management of natural resources.

In the medical field, "soil" typically refers to the microorganisms and other biological material that can be found in soil. These microorganisms can include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites, and can be present in various forms, such as in soil particles or as free-living organisms. Soil can also refer to the physical and chemical properties of the soil, such as its texture, pH, nutrient content, and water-holding capacity. These properties can affect the growth and health of plants, and can also impact the spread of soil-borne diseases and infections. In some cases, soil can also be used as a medium for growing plants in a controlled environment, such as in a greenhouse or laboratory setting. In these cases, the soil may be specially formulated to provide the necessary nutrients and conditions for optimal plant growth.

In the medical field, Anthozoa refers to a class of marine animals that includes corals, sea anemones, and sea pens. These animals are characterized by their radial symmetry, which means that their body parts are arranged around a central axis. Anthozoa are also known for their hard skeletons, which are made of calcium carbonate and provide support for the animal's body. In the context of medicine, Anthozoa are not typically used for medical treatment. However, some species of Anthozoa are used in research to study the effects of environmental factors on marine life, as well as to develop new treatments for diseases. Additionally, some species of Anthozoa are used in traditional medicine in certain parts of the world. For example, the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus is used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat a variety of conditions, including inflammation and pain.

In the medical field, the concept of conservation of energy resources refers to the practice of using energy efficiently and minimizing waste in order to reduce the environmental impact of medical facilities and practices. This can include measures such as using energy-efficient equipment and appliances, implementing energy-saving practices in operations and procedures, and reducing the use of single-use medical supplies and equipment. The goal of conservation of energy resources in the medical field is to reduce the carbon footprint of healthcare facilities and practices, while also reducing costs and improving patient care.

In the medical field, "climatic processes" generally refers to the natural processes that influence the Earth's climate, including atmospheric circulation, ocean currents, and the exchange of energy between the atmosphere and the Earth's surface. These processes can have a significant impact on human health, particularly in the context of climate change. For example, changes in temperature and precipitation patterns can affect the distribution of disease vectors, such as mosquitoes and ticks, which can in turn increase the risk of infectious diseases like malaria and Lyme disease. Extreme weather events, such as heatwaves, hurricanes, and floods, can also have direct and indirect impacts on human health, including injuries, displacement, and mental health effects. Understanding the climatic processes that influence the Earth's climate is important for developing effective strategies to mitigate the health impacts of climate change and to prepare for and respond to extreme weather events.

Coral reefs are not typically studied or used in the medical field. Coral reefs are marine ecosystems that are formed by the accumulation of calcium carbonate skeletons produced by coral polyps. They are important for their biodiversity and the many ecosystem services they provide, such as protecting coastlines from storms and providing habitat for a wide variety of marine species. However, some research has been done on the potential medicinal properties of certain compounds found in coral, such as antiviral and antibacterial agents.

In the medical field, the term "Antarctic Regions" typically refers to the geographic region surrounding the Earth's southernmost continent, Antarctica. This region includes the continent itself, as well as the surrounding Southern Ocean and the islands that lie within it. The Antarctic Regions are characterized by extreme cold temperatures, strong winds, and a harsh, icy environment. As a result, medical conditions that are common in other parts of the world may be more severe or difficult to treat in this region. For example, hypothermia, frostbite, and trench foot are all common in the Antarctic Regions due to the cold temperatures and exposure to the elements. In addition, the isolation and remote nature of many Antarctic research stations and outposts can present unique medical challenges. Medical personnel in these areas must be prepared to handle a wide range of medical emergencies, including those related to trauma, illness, and injury, as well as to provide routine medical care to the station's inhabitants.

In the medical field, "Animal Distribution" refers to the distribution of animals within a population or geographic area. This can include the distribution of different species of animals, as well as the distribution of individual animals within a species. Animal distribution can be influenced by a variety of factors, including habitat, climate, food availability, and human activities. Understanding animal distribution is important for a number of reasons, including: 1. Conservation: Knowledge of animal distribution can help conservationists identify areas where endangered species are most likely to be found, and develop strategies to protect them. 2. Disease control: Understanding the distribution of animals can help public health officials identify areas where certain diseases are more likely to occur, and develop strategies to prevent their spread. 3. Agriculture: Knowledge of animal distribution can help farmers and ranchers make informed decisions about where to locate their operations, and how to manage their herds to maximize productivity. 4. Wildlife management: Understanding animal distribution is important for wildlife managers, who use this information to develop plans for managing wildlife populations and protecting them from human activities.

Amphipoda is a subclass of crustaceans that includes a diverse group of marine and freshwater animals. They are characterized by their elongated bodies, two pairs of antennae, and a single pair of mandibles. In the medical field, amphipods are sometimes used in research as model organisms to study various biological processes, including development, genetics, and behavior. They are also used in aquaculture as a food source for fish and other aquatic animals. Some species of amphipods are known to be vectors of disease, including the。,。,,。,,。

In the medical field, the term "butterflies" typically refers to a pattern of small, raised red or pink spots on the skin that are caused by the dilation of blood vessels in the skin. This condition is also known as "flushing" or "urticaria." Butterflies are often associated with certain medical conditions, such as an allergic reaction, heat stroke, or a viral infection. They can also be a side effect of certain medications or substances, such as alcohol or spicy foods. In some cases, butterflies may be a sign of a more serious underlying condition, such as an autoimmune disorder or a blood clotting disorder. If you are experiencing butterflies or any other unusual symptoms, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and treatment.

Costa Rica is a country located in Central America. It is not directly related to the medical field, but it is known for its high-quality healthcare system and medical tourism industry. Many people travel to Costa Rica for medical procedures and treatments, such as dental work, cosmetic surgery, and fertility treatments, due to its affordable prices and skilled medical professionals. Additionally, Costa Rica has a strong focus on preventative medicine and promoting healthy lifestyles, which has contributed to its relatively low rates of chronic diseases.

In the medical field, the term "Animals, Wild" typically refers to animals that are not domesticated or kept in captivity, and are found in their natural habitats. These animals can include mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, and insects, among others. Wild animals can carry a variety of diseases that can be transmitted to humans, such as rabies, Lyme disease, and West Nile virus. Therefore, healthcare professionals and researchers who work with wild animals need to take appropriate precautions to protect themselves and others from potential exposure to these diseases. In addition, wild animals can also pose a risk to human safety, particularly if they are injured or cornered. In such cases, it may be necessary for trained professionals to intervene and handle the animal in a safe and humane manner. Overall, the study of wild animals in the medical field is important for understanding the biology and behavior of these creatures, as well as for developing strategies to protect both humans and wildlife from potential harm.

In the medical field, beetles are not typically studied or used for medical purposes. Beetles are a type of insect that belong to the order Coleoptera, which is the largest order of insects. They are known for their hard exoskeletons, which protect their internal organs. However, some species of beetles are used in medical research for their potential as sources of new drugs or as models for studying human diseases. For example, the beetle species Tribolium castaneum has been used in research on aging and cancer, while the beetle species Tenebrio molitor is used in the production of silkworms and has been studied for its potential as a source of therapeutic compounds. In general, beetles are not commonly associated with medical treatments or interventions, but their unique biological characteristics and potential applications in research make them an interesting subject of study for scientists.

Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms that are found in almost every environment on Earth, including soil, water, and the human body. In the medical field, bacteria are often studied and classified based on their characteristics, such as their shape, size, and genetic makeup. Bacteria can be either beneficial or harmful to humans. Some bacteria are essential for human health, such as the bacteria that live in the gut and help digest food. However, other bacteria can cause infections and diseases, such as strep throat, pneumonia, and meningitis. In the medical field, bacteria are often identified and treated using a variety of methods, including culturing and identifying bacteria using specialized laboratory techniques, administering antibiotics to kill harmful bacteria, and using vaccines to prevent bacterial infections.

In the medical field, "Brazil" typically refers to the country located in South America. Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America, and it is known for its diverse population, rich culture, and natural resources. In terms of healthcare, Brazil has a publicly funded healthcare system called the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde, or SUS). The SUS provides free or low-cost healthcare services to all Brazilian citizens and residents, including primary care, hospitalization, and specialized medical care. Brazil has also made significant strides in public health, particularly in the areas of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and dengue fever. The country has implemented widespread vaccination programs and has made efforts to improve access to healthcare services in underserved areas. However, Brazil still faces significant challenges in the healthcare sector, including a shortage of healthcare professionals, inadequate infrastructure, and disparities in access to healthcare services between different regions and socioeconomic groups.

In the medical field, angiosperms are a group of plants that produce seeds enclosed in an ovary, which develops into a fruit after fertilization. Angiosperms are also known as flowering plants or dicots, and they are the most diverse group of plants on Earth, with over 300,000 species. Angiosperms are important in medicine because many of them produce useful compounds, such as medicinal plants, that have been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments. For example, aspirin is derived from the bark of the willow tree, which is an angiosperm, and digitalis, a heart medication, is derived from the foxglove plant, another angiosperm. In addition to their medicinal uses, angiosperms are also important in agriculture, as they provide food, fiber, and other resources for humans and animals. Many crops, such as wheat, rice, and corn, are angiosperms, and they are also used to produce biofuels and other industrial products. Overall, angiosperms play a crucial role in the functioning of ecosystems and have significant economic and medicinal value.

Crustacea is a taxonomic class of arthropods that includes animals such as crabs, lobsters, shrimp, and crayfish. In the medical field, crustaceans are often studied for their potential use as sources of therapeutic compounds, such as antibiotics and anti-inflammatory agents. Some species of crustaceans are also used in medical research as models for studying human diseases, such as cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. Additionally, crustaceans are sometimes used in medical treatments, such as in the treatment of certain types of skin conditions.

In the medical field, the term "Atlantic Ocean" typically refers to the body of water that separates the eastern coast of North America from the western coast of Europe and Africa. The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest ocean in the world, covering an area of approximately 41.1 million square miles (106.4 million square kilometers). The Atlantic Ocean plays an important role in global climate patterns and weather systems, and is home to a diverse range of marine life, including fish, whales, dolphins, and various species of coral and algae. In medical research, the Atlantic Ocean is sometimes studied as a source of potential new drugs or other therapeutic compounds, as well as a habitat for marine organisms that may be used in medical treatments or as models for studying human biology.

In the medical field, the term "civilization" is not commonly used. However, the term "civilization syndrome" is sometimes used to describe a group of symptoms that are thought to be related to the modern lifestyle, including constipation, hemorrhoids, and anal fissures. These symptoms are believed to be caused by the lack of physical activity, poor diet, and other factors associated with modern life.

I'm sorry, but I'm not aware of any medical term or concept related to "Borneo." Borneo is a large island located in Southeast Asia, shared by three countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. It is known for its diverse wildlife, rainforests, and cultural heritage. If you have any other questions or if there's anything else I can help you with, please let me know.

I'm sorry, but I don't think there is a specific term called "Animal Migration" in the medical field. Animal migration refers to the seasonal movement of animals from one place to another, usually in search of food, water, or suitable breeding grounds. This phenomenon is observed in various species of animals, including birds, mammals, fish, and insects. In the medical field, the term "migration" is used in a different context, such as the migration of cells or tissues within the body, or the movement of pathogens from one location to another. For example, the migration of immune cells to sites of infection or inflammation is an important aspect of the immune response. Similarly, the migration of cancer cells from the primary tumor to other parts of the body is a hallmark of metastasis. If you have a specific question related to animal migration or any other medical topic, I would be happy to try and help you.

In the medical field, altitude refers to the height above sea level at which a person or object is located. This can have significant effects on the body, particularly on the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. At higher altitudes, the air pressure is lower, which means there is less oxygen available to breathe. This can lead to altitude sickness, a condition characterized by symptoms such as headache, nausea, dizziness, and shortness of breath. In addition, the lower air pressure at high altitudes can put increased strain on the heart and lungs, which can be particularly problematic for people with pre-existing cardiovascular or respiratory conditions.

In the medical field, the term "carbon" typically refers to the chemical element with the atomic number 6, which is a vital component of all living organisms. Carbon is the building block of organic molecules, including proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids, which are essential for the structure and function of cells and tissues. In medicine, carbon is also used in various diagnostic and therapeutic applications. For example, carbon-13 (13C) is a stable isotope of carbon that is used in metabolic studies to investigate the function of enzymes and pathways in the body. Carbon-14 (14C) is a radioactive isotope of carbon that is used in radiocarbon dating to determine the age of organic materials, including human remains. Additionally, carbon dioxide (CO2) is a gas that is produced by the body during respiration and is exhaled. It is also used in medical applications, such as in carbon dioxide laser therapy, which uses the energy of CO2 lasers to treat various medical conditions, including skin disorders, tumors, and eye diseases.

In the medical field, "caves" typically refers to the natural or artificial underground spaces that are used for various purposes, such as storage, research, or treatment. One example of medical caves is the "cave hospital" or "cave clinic," which is a type of underground medical facility that is designed to provide shelter and medical care to people in emergency situations, such as natural disasters or war zones. These facilities are typically equipped with medical equipment and supplies, and are staffed by medical professionals who are trained to provide emergency medical care. Another example of medical caves is the "cave laboratory," which is an underground research facility that is used for scientific research, such as studying the effects of low light levels on plant growth or studying the behavior of animals in their natural habitat. These facilities are typically equipped with specialized equipment and are staffed by scientists who are trained in the specific area of research. Overall, the term "caves" in the medical field refers to underground spaces that are used for medical or scientific purposes, and are designed to provide a safe and controlled environment for research, treatment, or emergency care.

In the medical field, "Databases, Factual" refers to electronic databases that contain factual information about medical topics, such as diseases, treatments, medications, and medical procedures. These databases are typically created and maintained by medical organizations, such as the National Library of Medicine (NLM) or the World Health Organization (WHO), and are used by healthcare professionals, researchers, and the general public to access and retrieve information about medical topics. Factual databases in the medical field may include information such as: * Descriptions of diseases and conditions, including symptoms, causes, and treatments * Information about medications, including dosage, side effects, and interactions with other drugs * Data on medical procedures, including risks, benefits, and outcomes * Research studies and clinical trials related to medical topics * Guidelines and recommendations from medical organizations and professional associations Factual databases in the medical field are often searchable and may include features such as filtering, sorting, and the ability to save and share search results. They are an important resource for healthcare professionals and researchers, as they provide access to a large and up-to-date collection of information on medical topics.

Arecaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as palm trees. In the medical field, Arecaceae plants are not typically used for medicinal purposes. However, some species of palm trees are used in traditional medicine in certain parts of the world. For example, the oil extracted from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat a variety of conditions, including digestive disorders and skin problems. Additionally, the leaves of certain palm trees, such as the Areca catechu palm, are used to make betel nuts, which are chewed for their psychoactive effects. However, the use of betel nuts is not recommended due to their potential health risks, including oral cancer.

In the medical field, arthropods refer to a diverse group of invertebrate animals that have jointed legs and a hard exoskeleton made of chitin. Arthropods include insects, spiders, crustaceans, and many other types of animals. Some arthropods are known to cause disease in humans and animals, such as ticks, fleas, and mosquitoes, which can transmit diseases like Lyme disease, plague, and malaria. Other arthropods, such as bees and wasps, can cause allergic reactions in some people. In medical research, arthropods are also used as models for studying genetics, development, and disease. For example, fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) are commonly used in genetic research because they have a short lifespan and are easy to breed. Overall, arthropods play an important role in the medical field, both as vectors of disease and as models for scientific research.

RNA, Ribosomal, 16S is a type of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) that is found in bacteria and archaea. It is a small subunit of the ribosome, which is the cellular machinery responsible for protein synthesis. The 16S rRNA is located in the 30S subunit of the ribosome and is essential for the binding and decoding of messenger RNA (mRNA) during translation. The sequence of the 16S rRNA is highly conserved among bacteria and archaea, making it a useful target for the identification and classification of these organisms. In the medical field, the 16S rRNA is often used in molecular biology techniques such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing to study the diversity and evolution of bacterial and archaeal populations. It is also used in the development of diagnostic tests for bacterial infections and in the identification of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria.

In the medical field, ants typically refer to the medical condition known as antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). APS is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the presence of antibodies that bind to phospholipids, which are lipids that are important components of cell membranes. These antibodies can cause blood clots to form in the blood vessels, leading to a variety of medical problems such as stroke, heart attack, and pulmonary embolism. APS can also cause pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, stillbirth, and premature birth. It is typically diagnosed through blood tests that detect the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in the blood. Treatment for APS may include anticoagulant medications to prevent blood clots, as well as corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive drugs to reduce the activity of the autoimmune response.

Automatic Data Processing (ADP) in the medical field refers to the use of computer systems and software to automate the processing of medical data. This includes tasks such as managing patient records, scheduling appointments, processing insurance claims, and generating reports. ADP systems in healthcare can help healthcare providers to streamline their operations, reduce errors, and improve patient care. For example, electronic health records (EHRs) are a type of ADP system that allows healthcare providers to store and manage patient information electronically, making it easier to access and share information among healthcare providers. Other examples of ADP systems used in healthcare include medical billing and coding software, which automates the process of submitting claims to insurance companies, and patient scheduling software, which automates the process of scheduling appointments with patients. Overall, ADP systems in healthcare can help healthcare providers to improve efficiency, reduce costs, and provide better care to their patients.

In the medical field, "bays" typically refer to a section or area within a hospital or healthcare facility where patients are treated or cared for. For example, a hospital may have several bays in its emergency department where patients with urgent medical needs are triaged and treated. Each bay may have a bed, a nurse's station, and equipment such as a monitor and IV stand. In some cases, "bays" may also refer to specific areas within a patient's room, such as the "head bay" or "foot bay," which are designated areas for the patient's head or feet, respectively. Overall, the term "bays" is used in healthcare to describe a specific area or section within a facility where patients receive medical care.

In the medical field, the term "atmosphere" typically refers to the physical environment or conditions in a particular setting, such as a hospital room or a surgical suite. The atmosphere can have a significant impact on the patient's experience, comfort, and overall well-being. For example, a calm and peaceful atmosphere can help reduce anxiety and promote relaxation, while a noisy and chaotic atmosphere can increase stress and discomfort. Similarly, a clean and well-lit atmosphere can promote healing and prevent infections, while a dirty or poorly lit atmosphere can have the opposite effect. In addition to the physical environment, the atmosphere can also refer to the emotional or social environment. For example, a supportive and caring atmosphere can help patients feel more comfortable and confident in their care, while a or dismissive atmosphere can have the opposite effect. Overall, creating a positive atmosphere is an important aspect of patient-centered care, and healthcare providers strive to create an environment that is safe, comfortable, and conducive to healing.

RNA, Ribosomal, 18S is a type of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) that is a component of the small ribosomal subunit in eukaryotic cells. It is responsible for binding to the mRNA (messenger RNA) and facilitating the process of protein synthesis by the ribosome. The 18S rRNA is one of the three main types of rRNA found in eukaryotic cells, along with 5.8S rRNA and 28S rRNA. Abnormalities in the expression or function of 18S rRNA have been associated with various diseases, including cancer and neurological disorders.

DNA, Mitochondrial refers to the genetic material found within the mitochondria, which are small organelles found in the cells of most eukaryotic organisms. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is a small circular molecule that is separate from the nuclear DNA found in the cell nucleus. Mitochondrial DNA is maternally inherited, meaning that a person inherits their mtDNA from their mother. Unlike nuclear DNA, which is diploid (contains two copies of each gene), mtDNA is haploid (contains only one copy of each gene). Mutations in mitochondrial DNA can lead to a variety of inherited disorders, including mitochondrial disorders, which are a group of conditions that affect the mitochondria and can cause a range of symptoms, including muscle weakness, fatigue, and neurological problems.

Demography is the study of human populations, including their size, growth, structure, distribution, and changes over time. In the medical field, demography is used to understand the health and healthcare needs of different populations, including age, gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Demographic data can be used to identify trends and patterns in health outcomes, such as disease incidence and mortality rates, and to inform public health policies and interventions. For example, demographers may analyze data on the aging population to identify the healthcare needs of older adults, or they may study the distribution of certain diseases in different racial and ethnic groups to inform targeted prevention and treatment efforts.

I'm sorry, but "Carbon Sequestration" is not typically used in the medical field. It is a term related to environmental science and engineering, specifically the process of capturing and storing carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere to reduce their impact on climate change. In the medical field, terms related to carbon sequestration may include topics such as carbon footprint reduction, sustainable healthcare practices, and the use of renewable energy sources in medical facilities. However, the term "Carbon Sequestration" itself is not commonly used in medical contexts.

DNA, ribosomal, refers to the specific type of DNA found within ribosomes, which are the cellular structures responsible for protein synthesis. Ribosomal DNA (rDNA) is transcribed into ribosomal RNA (rRNA), which then forms the core of the ribosome. The rRNA molecules are essential for the assembly and function of the ribosome, and the rDNA sequences that code for these molecules are highly conserved across different species. Mutations in rDNA can lead to defects in ribosome function and can be associated with various medical conditions, including some forms of cancer and inherited disorders.

In the medical field, "Australia" typically refers to the country located in the southern hemisphere, which is known for its unique flora and fauna, as well as its diverse population and healthcare system. Australia has a well-developed healthcare system that is publicly funded through a combination of taxes and government subsidies. The country has a universal healthcare system known as Medicare, which provides free or low-cost medical services to all citizens and permanent residents. In addition to its public healthcare system, Australia also has a thriving private healthcare sector, which includes hospitals, clinics, and specialist medical practices. Many Australians also have private health insurance, which can provide additional coverage for medical services that are not covered by Medicare. Overall, the medical field in Australia is highly advanced and well-regarded, with a strong emphasis on research, innovation, and patient-centered care.

Bayes' theorem is a mathematical formula used to update probabilities based on new evidence or information. In the medical field, Bayes' theorem is often used to calculate the probability of a disease given certain test results. For example, suppose a medical test for a particular disease has a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 95%. This means that the test correctly identifies 90% of people with the disease as having the disease, and correctly identifies 95% of people without the disease as not having the disease. However, the test may also give false positives (identifying someone as having the disease when they do not) and false negatives (identifying someone as not having the disease when they do). Using Bayes' theorem, a doctor can calculate the probability that a patient actually has the disease given their test results. This can help the doctor make more informed decisions about treatment and management of the patient's condition. Bayes' theorem is also used in medical research to evaluate the effectiveness of new treatments and to identify risk factors for various diseases. It is a powerful tool for making statistical inferences and drawing conclusions based on data.

In the medical field, the term "Caribbean Region" typically refers to the geographic area that includes the countries and territories of the Caribbean Sea, such as Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, and others. The Caribbean Region is known for its diverse population, tropical climate, and high rates of certain diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension, and infectious diseases like dengue fever and chikungunya. Medical professionals working in the Caribbean Region may need to be knowledgeable about the unique health challenges and cultural factors that affect the population, as well as the availability and accessibility of healthcare resources in the region.

I'm sorry, but I'm not aware of any specific medical term or concept related to "Argentina." Argentina is a country located in South America, and it is known for its diverse geography, culture, and history. In the medical field, Argentina has a well-developed healthcare system, with a mix of public and private hospitals and clinics. The country has a relatively low infant mortality rate and a high life expectancy, but it also faces challenges related to access to healthcare and health disparities. If you have a specific medical question related to Argentina, I would be happy to try to help you.

... have particularly high biodiversity. Terrestrial biodiversity is thought to be up to 25 times greater than ocean biodiversity. ... Biodiversity or biological diversity is the variety and variability of life on Earth. Biodiversity is a measure of variation at ... Biodiversity has been critical to advances throughout the field of bionics. Evidence from market analysis and biodiversity ... Biodiversity banking places a monetary value on biodiversity. One example is the Australian Native Vegetation Management ...
The Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility gives free and open access to Antarctic Biodiversity data, in the spirit of the ... Biodiversity maps provide a cartographic representation of spatial biodiversity data. This data can be used in conjunction with ... Biodiversity maps can help reveal patterns of species distribution and range changes. This may reflect biodiversity loss, ... "Biodiversity Informatics", The Term". Retrieved 2009-08-06. Bisby FA; et al. (2000). "The Quiet Revolution: Biodiversity ...
Biodiversity Biodiversity banking Cross-sector biodiversity initiative Economics of biodiversity Ecosystem services Mitigation ... The aim of biodiversity offsets is not simply to provide financial compensation for the biodiversity losses associated with ... In some circumstances, biodiversity offsets are designed to result in an overall biodiversity gain. Offsetting is generally ... In England, biodiversity net gain is encouraged by planning policy. Those developers choosing to incorporate biodiversity ...
oryzae Biodiversity Agricultural biodiversity FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) and Bioversity International (2017). ... H.H.Iltis (1988). "Serendipity in the Exploration of Biodiversity." In: E. O. Wilson, editor. Biodiversity. National Academy ... Food biodiversity is defined as "the diversity of plants, animals and other organisms used for food, covering the genetic ... Production of food biodiversity looks at the thousands of food products, such as fruits, nuts, vegetables, meat and condiments ...
With biodiversity loss, a huge impact on human health comes as well. Biodiversity makes it possible for humans to have a ... Of the 20 biodiversity goals laid out by the Aichi Biodiversity Targets in 2010, only 6 were "partially achieved" by the ... Of the 20 biodiversity goals laid out by the Aichi Biodiversity Targets in 2010, only 6 were "partially achieved" by the ... The UN's Global Biodiversity Outlook 2014 estimates that 70 percent of the projected loss of terrestrial biodiversity are ...
... or agrobiodiversity is a subset of general biodiversity pertaining to agriculture. It can be defined ... Landscape-level biodiversity has received less research attention than the other levels of biodiversity. Contributions from ... A second supporting service is to maintain the habitat of wild biodiversity, particularly associated biodiversity, for example ... biodiversity-based practices); Westernization of diets and their supply chains. It has been estimated that biodiversity as a ...
... Institute This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Human biodiversity. If an ... Human biodiversity may refer to: Human genetic variation (Within certain alt-right groups): Scientific views on human genetic ...
... , also known as biodiversity trading or conservation banking, biodiversity mitigation banks, compensatory ... Biodiversity banking is often applied so that there is no "net loss of a particular biodiversity feature." According to the ... Biodiversity Mitigation banking Conservation in Australia Environmental issues in Australia Economics of biodiversity Ecosystem ... The framework requires developers to source biodiversity credits through a market mechanism to offset biodiversity loss. Listed ...
... accounts for a large proportion of all biodiversity on the planet-over half of the estimated 1.5 million ... While biodiversity loss is a global problem, conserving habitat for species of insects is uncommon and generally of low ... In agricultural ecosystems, biodiversity is important for the production of food and for ecological services such as the ... Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Biodiversity Synthesis. World Resources Institute, Washington, D. C. (CS1 maint: multiple ...
... is a diet that focuses on the diversity of an organism's nutritional consumption or intake. Some ... Nutritional biodiversity encourages the consumption of about 10 - 15 different green vegetables over a period of a fortnight, ... Nutritional Diversity or Nutritional Biodiversity, is a diet studied in Panama by an athlete and permaculturist named Brandon ... hence a lower level of biodiversity), these bloodlines appeared to under-perform when compared to those that had been allowed ...
A-Z of Areas of Biodiversity Importance: Biodiversity Hotspots Conservation International's Biodiversity Hotspots project ... The purpose of biodiversity hotspots is not simply to identify regions that are of high biodiversity value, but to prioritize ... A majority of biodiversity exists within the tropics; likewise, most biodiversity hotspots are within the tropics. Of the 36 ... A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation ...
... is the measure of biodiversity on planet Earth and is defined as the total variability of life forms. More ... Of the 20 biodiversity goals laid out by the Aichi Biodiversity Targets in 2010, only 6 were "partially achieved" by the ... Biodiversity A-Z Archived 2020-09-19 at the Wayback Machine Wikispecies Biodiversity-Global issues (All articles with dead ... The Biodiversity Indicators Partnership was established in 2006 to assist biodiversity indicator development, advancement and ...
... refers to the relationship of soil to biodiversity and to aspects of the soil that can be managed in relative ... Soil biodiversity will be measured in the future, especially thanks to the development of molecular approaches relying on ... Biodiversity may further decline as certain weeds proliferate under declining native vegetation. In strongly acidic soils, the ... Soil erosion is therefore a major threat to soil biodiversity. The effects of soil erosion can be lessened by means of various ...
Strengthening Parks To Safeguard Biodiversity". Retrieved 28 August 2017. "Biodiversity Hotspots-Mesoamerica- ... "Guatemala Biodiversity and Tropical Forest Assessment" (PDF). USAID, FIPA, EPIQ. 2003. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2009 ... According to Parkswatch and the IUCN, Guatemala is considered the fifth biodiversity hotspot in the world. The country has 14 ...
2010 Biodiversity Indicators Partnership 2010 International Year of Biodiversity Aichi Biodiversity Targets "Global ... The 2010 Biodiversity Target was an overall conservation target aiming to halt the decline of biodiversity by the end of 2010. ... working together to reach the 2010 Biodiversity Target Introduction to the 2010 Biodiversity Target 2010 Biodiversity ... 2006 the European Commission launched its Biodiversity Communication as an implementation tool to reach the 2010 Biodiversity ...
Neela Hauz biodiversity park and phase-2 of the Yamuna Biodiversity Park. Phase-I of Yamuna biodiversity park focused on barren ... Yamuna biodiversity park, located on Yamuna river front is a 9770 hectares biodiversity area in Delhi, India. It is developed ... In 2015, Delhi already had Aravalli Biodiversity Park and Yamuna biodiversity park. Delhi Development Authority (DDA) engaged ... Scientists engaged to develop four biodiversity parks, Deccan Herald, 23 August 2015. DDA biodiversity parks. Jain, Ashok Kumar ...
Kosovo is characterised by a diverse biodiversity and an abundance of different ecosystems and habitats determined by the ... The Biodiversity of Kosovo is quite rich due to the exposure to the climate through the White Drin valley. The woodlands of ... "Kosovo Biodiversity Assessment" (PDF). 2003. pp. 1-66. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-09-21. Retrieved ... Biodiversity, Environment of Kosovo, Geography of Kosovo, Flora of Kosovo, Fauna of Kosovo). ...
In 2007, the ministry of the Environment presented the National Biodiversity Strategy and in 2013 the National Biodiversity ... Technological Development and Environment Biodiversity Steering Committee NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY STRATEGY" (PDF). ... Biodiversity in Suriname is high, mostly because of the variety of habitats and the temperature. The average annual temperature ... The Guiana Shield is one of the regions of highest biodiversity in the world, and has many endemic species. It can be said that ...
Biodiversity Action Plan Biodiversity finance/The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity Environmental economics Endangered ... Some of the important economic commodities that biodiversity supplies to humankind are: Biodiversity provides high variety of ... Biodiversity is a source of economic wealth for many regions of the world, such as many nature reserves, parks and forests, ... Biodiversity may be a source of energy (such as biomass). Other industrial products are oils, lubricants, perfumes, fragrances ...
... zoology and biodiversity, produced by the South African National Biodiversity Institute. According to the Journal Citation ... African Biodiversity & Conservation, formerly known as Bothalia is a South African peer-reviewed open access scientific journal ... "South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI)". 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016. Wikimedia Commons has media related ... "Bothalia - African Biodiversity & Conservation". 2017 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate ...
The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is the world's largest open access digital library for biodiversity literature and ... A companion project exists in Europe and is known as Biodiversity Heritage Library for Europe. The Biodiversity Heritage ... Biodiversity Data Journal. 9: e65023. doi:10.3897/BDJ.9.e65023. PMC 8081701. PMID 33935559. "Biodiversity Heritage Library ... Members of the Biodiversity Heritage Library also have received generous support from their parent institutions. In addition to ...
The National Biodiversity Network (UK) (NBN) is a collaborative venture set up in 2000 in the United Kingdom committed to ... The National Biodiversity Network Trust employs a team to facilitate and co-ordinate its growth and development and is referred ... It is estimated that up to 60,000 people routinely record biodiversity information in the UK and Ireland. Most of this effort ... The UK government through its agencies also collects biodiversity data and one of the principal elements for the collation and ...
FOEN: Biodiversity in Switzerland: Status and Trends. Results of the biodiversity monitoring system in 2016. State of the ... Swiss Biodiversity Forum (eds.): 20 Jahre Biodiversitätsmonitoring Schweiz BDM, Special Issue of HOTSPOT 46, Swiss Biodiversity ... Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring. Website of the Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute ABMI. Retrieved 2019-01-22. ... Website of Biodiversity Indicators Partnership (BIP). Retrieved 2019-03-04. Biodiversity Monitoring Switzerland Website. ...
Criticisms of the biodiversity paradigm Biodiversity Outcomes Framework Archived February 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine ... Celebrating Biodiversity: Adaptive Planning and Biodiversity Conservation Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine Convention ... Canada's Biodiversity Outcomes Framework was approved by Ministers responsible for Environment, Forests, Parks, Fisheries and ... The Framework has been developed from the Canadian Biodiversity Strategy, which has been criticized as having a tendency to ...
The Paraná River Biodiversity Corridor aims to promote integrated environmental management between the conservation units in ... The proposed corridor was first discussed in 1999 in the Symposium on Research and Biodiversity in Umuarama, PR. The idea was ... In July 2014 the IDB approved funding for the Iguaçu National Park in Brazil to include activities based on Biodiversity and ... The Trinational Biodiversity Corridor (Portuguese: Corredor Trinacional de Biodiversidade) is a proposed ecological corridor ...
"Observations ,, Bhutan Biodiversity Portal". "Pages". Bhutan Biodiversity Portal. "About NBC". 13 May 2019. ... The National Biodiversity Centre (Bhutan) is the secretariat for the consortium. The National Biodiversity Centre is a ... "Users 2019". Bhutan Biodiversity Portal. Retrieved 2020-03-08. "Launch Of The Bhutan Biodiversity Portal". 17 December 2013. ... It currently acts as the focal of the protected areas and biodiversity conservation in Bhutan. The National Biodiversity Centre ...
The National Biodiversity Pavillion (in spanish Pabellón Nacional de la Biodiversidad of the National Autonomous University of ... Mexico) is a Mexico's museum oriented towards showing the national biodiversity in Mexico. It was opened in 2021 at the Ciudad ...
"Biodiversity Park open to public". The Hindu. 19 January 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2018. "Bio Diversity Park, Hyderabad". ... The biodiversity park covers an area of 13-acre land and is divided into four sectors totally containing more than 200 ... The Biodiversity park is 1.6 km from Raidurg metro station. The commemorative pylon[clarification needed] is an artistic ... Biodiversity park in Hyderabad has been established during the Convention on Biological Diversity held in 2012. It was ...
Biodiversity park, Hyderabad Yamuna biodiversity park Neela Hauz biodiversity park Tilpath Valley Biodiversity Park Northern ... Ridge biodiversity park Aravali Biodiversity Park, Gurgaon Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden Biodiversity ... Biodiversity Park, Visakhapatnam, is a botanical garden, an ex situ conservation park, first of its kind in Visakhapatnam, ... The Biodiversity Park contains the following groups of plant: Sacred plants of Sacred Groves zone: Sacred groves section ...
"Biodiversity and the Protected Areas System in Albania" (PDF). pp. 1-8. "Biodiversity in Albania Report On National ... "Biodiversity in Albania Report On National Situation of Biodiversity in Albania" (PDF). Tirana. p. 28. IUCN Red List ... "lbania Biodiversity Assessment Under the Biodiversity and Forestry Indefinite Quantity Contract Contract No. LAG-I-00-99-00013- ... "lbania Biodiversity Assessment Under the Biodiversity and Forestry Indefinite Quantity Contract Contract No. LAG-I-00-99-00013- ...
Tag: biodiversity. The Wealthy Invite Richer Biodiversity in Bedroom and Basement. August 10, 2016. Marc Abrahams ...
STATE PARKS PROTECT CALIFORNIAS EXTRAORDINARY BIODIVERSITY. WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY?. The term biodiversity (from "biological ... Celebrate California Biodiversity Day, at 9 a.m. with a biodiversity bioblitz hike. Join us for an easy one-mile hike down Moro ... Thats biodiversity!. CALIFORNIAS AMAZING BIODIVERSITY. DID YOU KNOW that California is home to more species of plants and ... THE CALIFORNIA BIODIVERSITY INITIATIVE. In 2018, Governor Brown launched Californias Biodiversity Initiative with the goal of ...
Agriculture and soil biodiversity Agriculture is a vital human activity that deeply impacts, but also deeply relies on nature. ... Palm oil and biodiversity Palm oil is used in food, cosmetics, cleaning products and biofuel, and only grows in the ... 1 treat to biodiversity on the planet.. - Wes Jackson, pioneer & researcher in natural systems agriculture and one of the ... Agriculture and soil biodiversity, Business engagement, Climate change impacts on nature, Coasts and islands ...
Forest biodiversity. Forest biodiversity Forest biodiversity. Biodiversity refers to the degree of variation of life. Forests ... Biodiversity is the cornerstone of the environment on which humans depend for life, and forest biodiversity provides health, ... Planning and Management Tools for Biodiversity in a Range of Irish Forests PLANFORBIO Research Programme, Dept. of Zoology, ... Though neither planting nor natural regeneration can fully compensate for the loss of biodiversity associated with primary ...
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Both biodiversity and ecosystem services are under pressure from a rising world population, demand for higher living standards ... We implement projects to encourage the protection of biodiversity at the local level. ... Biodiversity is the foundation for numerous ecosystem services that are essential for human well-being, for example in terms of ... Biodiversity is the foundation for numerous ecosystem services that are essential for human well-being, for example in terms of ...
Levels of global biodiversity loss may negatively impact on ecosystem function and the sustainability of human societies. ... Other high biodiversity areas, such as Amazonia, which have seen no land use change have higher levels of biodiversity and more ... and the biodiversity damage weve had means were at risk of that happening. Until and unless we can bring biodiversity back up ... Biodiversity falls below safe levels globally. Date:. July 14, 2016. Source:. University College London - UCL. Summary:. ...
BIODIVERSITY COP15 in China. Why businesses should nurture their future success in nature - and how they can do it ... Climate change and biodiversity We must think creatively - both collectively and individually - if we are to tackle climate ...
... a series of short case studies that highlight additional sources of information on the impacts of pollution on biodiversity and ... Biodiversity Signal 1: Light pollution - a neglected environmental threat to biodiversity?. In Europe, modern infrastructure is ... Biodiversity signals This website has limited functionality with javascript off. Please make sure javascript is enabled in your ... Biodiversity Signal 2: Understanding pesticide impacts on pollinators. In Europe, a vast variety of insects pollinate food ...
View our complete catalog of authoritative Biodiversity related book titles and textbooks published by Routledge and CRC Press. ...
This does not necessarily mean tropical biodiversity is in a worse state than in temperate regions: if the index were to extend ... This emphasizes the threat posed by biodiversity loss to the health and well-being of millions of people directly dependent on ... However, the current rates of decline in global species abundance represent a severe and ongoing loss of biodiversity in ... National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) National Focal Points National Reports News Headlines Notifications ...
TEHELKA is the fastest growing national news group for English & Hindi news magazines. The core value of the brand is to uphold the truth with a free, fair and fearless attitude. The company has a high standard of excellence in journalism and a commitment to assist in Indias fight against corruption. News is published in the maximum number of languages to maintain a stronger circulation base across the country ...
For more information, download Havens of Biodiversity (PDF), a booklet describing biodiversity in the nine National Botanical ... The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) contributes to South Africas sustainable development by facilitating ... showcasing and conserving biodiversity in its national botanical and zoological gardens. ... access to biodiversity data, generating information and knowledge, building capacity, providing policy advice, ...
increasing the expertiseand raising the awareness on the importance and the protection and conservation of biodiversity and ... This division is the federal authority responsible for biodiversity and landscapes, their ecosystem services, conservation, ... conservation, promotion and sustainable use of a rich biodiversity which is responsive to change ... Footer. ...
With the planets current biodiversity crisis in mind, the study points to the importance of conserving local plants and ...
Systematics & Biodiversity Lab. Justus Liebig University. Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32 IFZ. D-35392 Giessen. Phone: +49 (0) 641 99- ... Systematics & Biodiversity Lab. Justus Liebig University. Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32 IFZ. D-35392 Giessen. Phone: +49 (0) 641 99- ... Systematics & Biodiversity Lab. Justus Liebig University. Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32 IFZ. D-35392 Giessen. Phone: +49 (0) 641 99- ...
Philips recognizes the importance of biodiversity. One way we are reducing the impact of our operations and supply chain is ... Committed to supporting biodiversity. Philips fully recognizes the importance of a thriving biodiversity and healthy ecosystems ... Our biodiversity flagship site Best, in the Netherlands, has made biodiversity and nature an integral part of their campus, ... However, it is a key driver of biodiversity loss in general, and that is why we have launched a Biodiversity & Ecosystem ...
... that supports employees to plant native trees and share information about biodiversity online. ... But what is biodiversity? Biodiversity is commonly defined as the biological diversity of species including plants (flora), ... How is Crown taking action for biodiversity?. a) Understanding any potential impacts on biodiversity: Crown has been mapping ... iii) Biodiversity and nature is recognized as a powerful force to reduce CO2 equivalent emissions - it is estimated that by ...
... to accommodate biodiversity and engage stakeholders in further Nordic offshore wind farm development. The following ... This study recommends actions that public authorities and industry may take, to accommodate biodiversity and engage ...
Exploring the links between biodiversity, conservation and local livelihoods ... Biodiversity and development. A programme of work showing how IIED is working to ensure biodiversity conservation, climate ... Women champions of biodiversity. A series of blogs and interviews illustrating the role, influence and impact of women working ... UN biodiversity conference (COP15). A series of pages related to IIEDs activities around the 15th Convention on Biological ...
Overall, indicators of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, as well as multidiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality, were ... five-year study in Indonesia finds that enriching oil palm-dominated landscapes with patches of trees bolsters biodiversity and ... large knowledge gaps persist on how to increase biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in cash crop-dominated tropical ... encompassing assessments of ten indicators of biodiversity and 19 indicators of ecosystem functioning. ...
The wall-to-wall biodiversity and human footprint inventory are unique datasets found only at the Alberta Biodiversity ... The biodiversity work had been under way for seven years when funding came from the Alberta Ministry of Environment and Parks ( ... ABMIs Biodiversity Intactness Index does just that: it compares the concentrations of species across regions to predict the ... A recent project assessed the impact of beef production on biodiversity in Alberta. Other projects take longer, such as ...
"As far as biodiversity is concerned, we are at war with nature. We need to make peace with nature. Because nature is what ... The biodiversity summit is key for limiting global heating to 1.5 C, according to the Paris climate agreement architects, who ... UN Environment Chief Warns of a Biodiversity Apocalypse. "We are at war with nature," Inger Andersen says as Cop15 delegates ... "This is our third go at [agreeing biodiversity targets]. A lot of learning has gone into understanding what happened the ...
Biodiversity is being destroyed around the globe-with dire implications for business and society. Heres how companies can ... Understanding Biodiversity. Biodiversity reflects the range and variety of life on Earth-and thus the health and resilience of ... The Drivers and Dangers of Biodiversity Loss. According to the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and ... Advanced Biodiversity Support. Companies can work to support biodiversity beyond their core business by assuming a stewardship ...
... suggests that training professionals in high-biodiversity regions can help bring benefits to local populations […] ... Bioprospecting links health and biodiversity conservation in Panama Bioprospecting links health and biodiversity conservation ... Bioprospecting links health and biodiversity conservation in Panama. Bioprospecting links health and biodiversity conservation ... The program, called the International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups (ICBG), is profiled in the December issue of the journal ...
World Environment Day is being celebrated on Saturday under the theme of biodiversity, ... treaties and individuals trying to protect our environment and conserve biodiversity must become more efficient, say experts. ... Biodiversity in Switzerland. The Federal Environment Office describes biodiversity as the life that surrounds humans in all its ... The government set out two main aims for the strategy: to maintain sustainable biodiversity and for biodiversity to be ...
WG Biodiversity/ Systematic Botany. Maulbeerallee 1. 14469 Potsdam. Tel.: +49 331 977-1914. Fax: +49 331 977-1977. E-Mail: ... University of Potsdam - Institute for Biochemistry and Biology - Biodiversity Research and Systematic Botank ...
Biodiversity, Macroecology and Biogeography. Welcome to the Biodiversity, Macroecology and Biogeography group! Our research ... Biodiversity, Macroecology & Biogeography. Faculty of Forest Sciences and Forest Ecology. University of Göttingen. Büsgenweg 1 ... We also use our knowledge of biodiversity patterns to identify conservation priorities and conflicts between land-use and ... We are interested in the different facets of biodiversity, including species richness, endemism, and functional and ...
Toward a Biodiversity Accounting Endangered species map a first step towards wise conservation investing.. This article was ... Its no secret that native biodiversity is on the ropes, in the Northwest and around the world. And because we frequently care ... Of course, this map, and other biodiversity hotspot maps shouldnt be the last word in conservation decisions. A number of ...
This silence is disheartening because the biodiversity crisis is just as significant, just as expansive, just as severe, and ... Biden on Biodiversity: The Silence and the Promise This silence is disheartening because the biodiversity crisis is just as ... the UNM Biodiversity Webinar Series, and now Im co-writing (with Ananda Banerjee) a book on the biodiversity crisis ... the UNM Biodiversity Webinar Series, and now Im co-writing (with Ananda Banerjee) a book on the biodiversity crisis ...
  • The goal of this programmatic engagement is to foster dialogue between agriculture and conservation sectors, and encourage governments, businesses and land managers (including farming communities) implement a common vision to protect and restore biodiversity on farms and in agricultural landscapes, including the ecosystems on which agriculture depends. (
  • Though neither planting nor natural regeneration can fully compensate for the loss of biodiversity associated with primary forest, in the short to medium term the potential for planted forests to support biodiversity is important in the context of global biodiversity conservation. (
  • The importance of plantation forests for biodiversity conservation is greatest in landscapes that have experienced significant loss of natural forest ecosystems and where, as in Ireland, the plantation forest estate continues to expand. (
  • The potential for these forests to contribute to biodiversity conservation can be maximised through appropriate forest management at all stages and scales, including site selection, choice of tree species, landscape configuration and harvesting strategies. (
  • Other high biodiversity areas, such as Amazonia, which have seen no land use change have higher levels of biodiversity and more scope for proactive conservation. (
  • This division is the federal authority responsible for biodiversity and landscapes, their ecosystem services, conservation, promotion and development, and sustainable use and hunting. (
  • The difference between bioprospecting and biopiracy as at times controversial, but a program run by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) suggests that training professionals in high-biodiversity regions can help bring benefits to local populations while promoting biodiversity conservation. (
  • We were alarmed by the lack of conservation strategies that provide immediate benefits for people living in high biodiversity regions," said Tom Kursar, an associate professor of biology at the University of Utah and laed author of the paper. (
  • It's also important for our ability to address conservation, biodiversity, and protect the environment. (
  • Preserving traditional knowledge is essential for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and to meeting the global commitments made under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Kunming Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (KMGBF), and the Paris Climate Agreement. (
  • It is from this natural capital that we derive the biodiversity and 'ecosystem services' that make human life and all economic activities possible. (
  • However, it is a key driver of biodiversity loss in general, and that is why we have launched a Biodiversity & Ecosystem Services program to measure and improve ecosystem services and biodiversity at Philips' global manufacturing sites. (
  • Biodiversity creates significant economic value in the form of such ecosystem services as food provisioning , carbon storage, and water and air filtration, which are worth more than $150 trillion annually-about twice the world's GDP-according to academic research and BCG analysis. (
  • Biodiversity is the basis for the maintenance of functions and processes in the ecosystems, and thus it is central in the generation of ecosystem services (such as pollination and biological control). (
  • The sponsor is BiodivERsA, a network of national and regional funding organisations promoting pan-European research on biodiversity, ecosystem services and Nature-based Solutions. (
  • Everyone is invited to join State Parks staff to explore and document California's extraordinary biological diversity to celebrate the 2023 California Biodiversity Week. (
  • The human disturbance of ecosystems and ensuing biodiversity loss are increasingly linked to the occurrence of zoonotic and vector-borne diseases outbreaks," said Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa during the 26-28 October 2023 summit in Brazzaville. (
  • Many business activities, especially activities related to resource extraction and cultivation, contribute to the pressures driving biodiversity loss. (
  • Overuse of inputs is harming the long-term viability of farming, because it damages soils, reduces biodiversity and ultimately impairs our capacity to feed the world's growing population. (
  • Forests are the most biologically diverse ecosystems on our planet and are home to more than 80% of the world's biodiversity. (
  • The team found that grasslands, savannas and shrublands were most affected by biodiversity loss, followed closely by many of the world's forests and woodlands. (
  • For 58.1% of the world's land surface, which is home to 71.4% of the global population, the level of biodiversity loss is substantial enough to question the ability of ecosystems to support human societies. (
  • Recognizing the critical role of ecosystems in human survival, leaders and representatives from the world's three largest tropical biodiversity ecosystems - the Amazon, the Congo and the Mekong-Delta River basins - are meeting this week in Brazzaville to discuss the complex relationship between forest ecosystems and human well-being. (
  • 1 1 BCG updated The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) estimates from 2011, adjusting them for inflation, an updated carbon price, and the most recent market values of provisioning services. (
  • Philips fully recognizes the importance of a thriving biodiversity and healthy ecosystems for our customers, our employees, our business, and society as a whole. (
  • The research consortium combines expertise in law, policy, and trade and its nexus with biodiversity to uncover the root causes of biodiversity loss and degradation of healthy ecosystems and reveal legal innovations that can be used towards conserving, restoring and sustainably using biodiversity and healthy ecosystems upon which we all depend. (
  • This section of the zero pollution monitoring assessment presents a series of short case studies that highlight additional sources of information on the impacts of pollution on biodiversity and ecosystems. (
  • ii) A lack of biodiversity has significant monetary impacts - for example, the loss of insect and animal species diversity is not just a loss for their ecosystem, but a much larger domino effect. (
  • Thanks to the long-term commitment of the Government of Alberta and a consortium of scientists, knowledge of biodiversity and impacts continue to grow. (
  • The research project "Protecting Biodiversity through Regulating Trade and Business Relations" sets out to contribute to protecting biodiversity and safeguarding human rights outside Europe by analysing how the European Union (EU) and European countries can regulate their impacts abroad through effective, fair and coherent laws and policies. (
  • We examine how EU and European countries can regulate their impacts on biodiversity and human rights in Southeast Asia, Latin America and Eastern Africa to contribute to positive socio-ecological outcomes. (
  • Salton Sea SRA Bioblitz: Let's get together and observe as many species as we can to celebrate California Biodiversity Day! (
  • They found that biodiversity hotspots -- those that have seen habitat loss in the past but have a lot of species only found in that area -- are threatened, showing high levels of biodiversity decline. (
  • This does not necessarily mean tropical biodiversity is in a worse state than in temperate regions: if the index were to extend back centuries rather than decades, populations of temperate species may have declined by an equal or greater amount. (
  • However, the current rates of decline in global species abundance represent a severe and ongoing loss of biodiversity in tropical ecosystems. (
  • Biodiversity is commonly defined as the biological diversity of species including plants (flora), animals (fauna) and ecosystems. (
  • With the support of the Alberta Ministry of Environment and Parks (AEP), the Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute (ABMI) has become the trusted source for data about habitat, species, and the human footprint. (
  • The draft targets included in the global biodiversity framework involve proposals to protect 30 percent of land and sea, repurpose billions of dollars of harmful subsidies, and tackle invasive species. (
  • Fact number one: biodiversity-the level of diversity in the natural world, at the ecosystem, species, and genetic levels-is being destroyed at an alarming rate. (
  • Five primary pressures-land-use and sea-use change, direct overexploitation of natural resources, climate change, pollution, and the spread of invasive species-are causing steep biodiversity loss. (
  • World Environment Day is being celebrated on Saturday under the theme of biodiversity, "Many species. (
  • According to Ahmed Djoghlaf, executive secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, which oversees international efforts to conserve species, the fight to stop biodiversity loss is at a critical juncture. (
  • The report, based on a survey of some 500 peer-reviewed scientific articles and intergovernmental assessments, said climate change, pollution, habitat loss, overexploitation and invasive alien species were the five main drivers of biodiversity loss, and warned that the provision of fresh water, food and medicine could be at risk. (
  • Hotspots of biodiversity such as the Amazon, the Congo and the Mekong-Delta River basins are regions with extraordinarily high levels of species diversity and endemism. (
  • The UN's environment chief has warned that "we are at war with nature" and must "make peace," as countries gather at Cop15 in Montreal to agree a deal to protect the planet's biodiversity. (
  • With the planet's current biodiversity crisis in mind, the study points to the importance of conserving local plants and watching fire activity before the value humans gain from nature completely disappears. (
  • Recent major international reports have highlighted the alarming impact of food production systems on climate change, land and biodiversity. (
  • While carbon-driven climate change is rightly at the top of the global environmental agenda, there is another topic that is just as central to the future of life on Earth, and equally in need of immediate and decisive action - the ongoing, accelerating loss of biodiversity. (
  • For the last 20 years, she has worked on human rights and environmental law (in particular biodiversity and climate change). (
  • Many agricultural landscapes are in urgent need of ecological restoration to safeguard biodiversity and ecosystem functioning while also promoting local livelihoods 9 , 10 , 11 , a central goal of the current United Nations decade on Ecosystem Restoration. (
  • It is intricately linked to biodiversity and natural resource management, as indigenous communities have often developed a deep understanding of their natural surroundings, the medicinal properties of various plants and of components of biodiversity that also support food security, livelihoods, nutrition, biocultural diversity and other dimensions of health and well-being. (
  • Levels of global biodiversity loss may negatively impact on ecosystem function and the sustainability of human societies. (
  • Levels of global biodiversity loss may negatively impact on ecosystem function and the sustainability of human societies, according to UCL-led research. (
  • This is the first time we've quantified the effect of habitat loss on biodiversity globally in such detail and we've found that across most of the world biodiversity loss is no longer within the safe limit suggested by ecologists" explained lead researcher, Dr Tim Newbold from UCL and previously at UNEP-WCMC. (
  • We know biodiversity loss affects ecosystem function but how it does this is not entirely clear. (
  • The study, published today in Science, led by researchers from UCL, the Natural History Museum and UNEP-WCMC, found that levels of biodiversity loss are so high that if left unchecked, they could undermine efforts towards long-term sustainable development. (
  • The loss is due to changes in land use and puts levels of biodiversity beyond the 'safe limit' recently proposed by the planetary boundaries -- an international framework that defines a safe operating space for humanity. (
  • Fact number two: biodiversity loss has massive implications for business. (
  • His organisation released a report last month showing that world governments had failed to meet a 2010 target to halt biodiversity loss. (
  • In a move endorsed by the UN General Assembly, more than 190 countries committed in 2002 to achieve a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. (
  • However, although reserves often reduce habitat loss, their efficacy at preserving animal diversity and their influence on biodiversity in surrounding unprotected areas remain unclear2-5. (
  • European consumption causes biodiversity loss far away from the place of consumption and predominantly in countries of the Global South. (
  • IUCN has developed a new engagement in agriculture, guided by the vision of a future where biodiversity is restored and conserved on farms and in agricultural landscapes as nature-based solutions to global challenges and human and societal needs, contributing to the transition towards sustainable and resilient societies. (
  • In the United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 1 , large knowledge gaps persist on how to increase biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in cash crop-dominated tropical landscapes 2 . (
  • However, to be a viable alternative for landowners, it is essential to generate empirical evidence on whether and how these restoration strategies affect biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and agricultural productivity in cash crop-dominated landscapes 2 . (
  • BCG set out to study the biodiversity crisis, understand the business role, and determine how companies should respond. (
  • The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) contributes to South Africa's sustainable development by facilitating access to biodiversity data, generating information and knowledge, building capacity, providing policy advice, showcasing and conserving biodiversity in its national botanical and zoological gardens. (
  • Biodiversity, biotechnology, and sustainable development in health and agriculture : emerging connections. (
  • Please see the diagram below for information on developing an evaluation and treatment plan for patients who consumed raw milk or raw milk products from Miller's Biodiversity Farm since January 2016, and are still within the six-month window following their last known exposure . (
  • They say the ability of biodiversity in these areas to support key ecosystem functions such as growth of living organisms and nutrient cycling has become increasingly uncertain. (
  • Decision-makers worry a lot about economic recessions, but an ecological recession could have even worse consequences -- and the biodiversity damage we've had means we're at risk of that happening. (
  • Until and unless we can bring biodiversity back up, we're playing ecological roulette. (
  • However, trade-offs between biodiversity or ecosystem functioning and agricultural productivity may result in failed restoration efforts or lead to undesirable ecological spillover effects by promoting the expansion of the agricultural frontier into natural forested areas 12 . (
  • Rather than PAs generating leakage that deteriorated ecological conditions elsewhere, our results are consistent with PAs inducing spillover that benefits biodiversity in surrounding areas. (
  • Biodiversity Signal 1: Light pollution - a neglected environmental threat to biodiversity? (
  • Our company is part of a wider value chain - ranging from the mining industry upstream, to operations, logistics, use phase and end-of-use phase downstream - which has an impact on biodiversity through land use conversion, pollution, consumption and emissions. (
  • May 22nd was the United Nations (UN) International Day for Biological Diversity, also known as "biodiversity. (
  • The United Nations recently agreed to major expansions of global protected areas (PAs) to slow biodiversity declines1. (
  • This year marks the fifth annual celebration of California Biodiversity Day since it was first established in 2018 by Governor Brown, along with the Biodiversity Initiative. (
  • We are also creating Biodiversity Risk Assessment, Mitigation, Management, and Action plans that have been audited to meet the Aluminium Stewardship Initiative (ASI) Biodiversity criteria for the ASI Performance Standard. (
  • Biodiversity is the cornerstone of the environment on which humans depend for life, and forest biodiversity provides health, recreation and environmental services to humans such as maintenance of air and water quality and carbon sequestration. (
  • The biodiversity work had been under way for seven years when funding came from the Alberta Ministry of Environment and Parks (AEP) to establish the Alberta Human Footprint Monitoring Program (AHFMP). (
  • The complex web of international agencies, treaties and individuals trying to protect our environment and conserve biodiversity must become more efficient, say experts. (
  • From the outside it looks like a mess," Daniel Ziegerer, acting head of global affairs at the Federal Environment Office, told, following a biodiversity roundtable meeting in Geneva on Friday. (
  • The value of biodiversity and traditional knowledge extends beyond health. (
  • The New York State Department of Health and Pennsylvania Department of Health are investigating Brucella RB51 exposures that may be connected to consuming raw (unpasteurized) milk from Miller's Biodiversity Farm in Quarryville, Pennsylvania. (
  • Deforestation poses a significant threat to forest biodiversity, which is protected by international, national and regional measures such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (for further information click here ), the EU Birds and Habitats Directives (for further information click here ) and Ireland's Environmental Guidelines (for further information click here ). (
  • Biodiversity is the variety and variability of life on Earth, and it is under significant and direct threat. (
  • Our project aims to produce novel understanding of current and future European trade rules that impact or target to protect and enhance biodiversity and human rights outside Europe. (
  • The project will increase understanding on how scientific knowledge, other knowledge systems and multiple values of biodiversity need to be brought into the shaping of law and the definition of lawful vs unlawful activities. (
  • Here, we present findings from a large-scale, 5-year ecosystem restoration experiment in an oil palm landscape enriched with 52 tree islands, encompassing assessments of ten indicators of biodiversity and 19 indicators of ecosystem functioning. (
  • iii) Biodiversity and nature is recognized as a powerful force to reduce CO 2 equivalent emissions - it is estimated that by working with nature, emissions can be reduced by up to 11.7 gigatons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year by 2030 4 , over 40% of what is needed to limit global warming. (
  • The biodiversity summit is key for limiting global heating to 1.5 C, according to the Paris climate agreement architects , who underscored the need to live in balance with nature at last month's climate summit . (
  • More coherent global cooperation is just one element in the battle to conserve biodiversity. (
  • But the Global Biodiversity Outlook-3 report, issued every four years, said: "The diversity of living things on the planet continues to be eroded as a result of human activity. (
  • Why is it critical for Crown to protect biodiversity? (
  • This support for local communities in turn supports biodiversity. (
  • Companies that act to support biodiversity can develop powerful new offerings and business models, improve the attractiveness of existing offerings, and lower operating costs. (
  • Crown has been mapping biodiversity in the vicinity of our plants using IBAT - Integrated Biodiversity Assessment Tool 5 - starting with the aluminum beverage manufacturing facilities. (
  • Overall, indicators of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, as well as multidiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality, were higher in tree islands compared to conventionally managed oil palm. (
  • To provide an holistic overview of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning across the experiment, we calculated multidiversity and multifunctionality using the aforementioned indicators 18 . (
  • Bioblitz Nature Walk: Visitors can participate on their own and help celebrate biodiversity day with a walk through redwood, riparian and oak forests of Big Sur. (
  • As far as biodiversity is concerned, we are at war with nature. (
  • Right now agriculture is the No. 1 treat to biodiversity on the planet. (
  • In many parts of the world, intensification and expansion of agriculture has degraded soils and ecosystems, depleted water sources and reduced biodiversity. (
  • Images courtesy of the Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute. (
  • The operations of four major value chains-food, energy, infrastructure, and fashion-currently drive more than 90% of man-made pressure on biodiversity. (
  • Landscape-scale benefits of protected areas for tropical biodiversity. (
  • The public is encouraged to join State Parks staff in observing and documenting the abundant biodiversity found within a small stretch of the Sacramento River and learn about the importance of protecting and restoring riparian areas. (
  • The presumption is that by regulating European business relations, European law can extend its positive biodiversity impact elsewhere outside the world, possibly having a major impact in reaching the goals of international environmental and human rights agreements. (
  • She has bridged the human rights and biodiversity "communities of practice" through leading research such in the Biodiversa project on safeguarding ecosystems and human rights through law and regulation. (
  • This year, over 20 state parks will be hosting Biodiversity Day events all over the state: from Bidwell-Sacramento River State Park in the north to Torrey Pines State Natural Reserve and Salton Sea State Recreation Area in the south. (
  • It's worrying that land use has already pushed biodiversity below the level proposed as a safe limit," said Professor Andy Purvis of the Natural History Museum, London, who also worked on the study. (
  • The analyses were then applied to estimate how biodiversity in every square kilometre land has changed since before humans modified the habitat. (
  • Raising awareness and fostering conversation around this topic is critical to improving engagement - as the existence of International Biodiversity Day demonstrates. (
  • The program, called the International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups (ICBG), is profiled in the December issue of the journal BioScience . (
  • Time to show off the amazing biodiversity the desert has to offer. (
  • Picacho SRA Bioblitz: Time to show off the amazing biodiversity the desert has to offer during California Biodiversity Week. (
  • Governments have never met UN biodiversity targets in full and Andersen said that a proper accountability mechanism-similar to the nationally determined contributions that countries submit through the climate process-was vital if the world was to deliver on its commitments this time. (