Conservation of Natural Resources
Oceans and Seas
DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic
Sequence Analysis, DNA
Plant Physiological Phenomena
Remote Sensing Technology
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
RNA, Ribosomal, 18S
Environmental occurrence, analysis, and toxicology of toxaphene compounds. (1/4478)Toxaphene production, in quantities similar to those of polychlorinated biphenyls, has resulted in high toxaphene levels in fish from the Great Lakes and in Arctic marine mammals (up to 10 and 16 microg g-1 lipid). Because of the large variabiliity in total toxaphene data, few reliable conclusions can be drawn about trends or geographic differences in toxaphene concentrations. New developments in mass spectrometric detection using either negative chemical ionization or electron impact modes as well as in multidimensional gas chromatography recently have led researchers to suggest congener-specific approaches. Recently, several nomenclature systems have been developed for toxaphene compounds. Although all systems have specific advantages and limitations, it is suggested that an international body such as the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry make an attempt to obtain uniformity in the literature. Toxicologic information on individual chlorobornanes is scarce, but some reports have recently appeared. Neurotoxic effects of toxaphene exposure such as those on behavior and learning have been reported. Technical toxaphene and some individual congeners were found to be weakly estrogenic in in vitro test systems; no evidence for endocrine effects in vivo has been reported. In vitro studies show technical toxaphene and toxaphene congeners to be mutagenic. However, in vivo studies have not shown genotoxicity; therefore, a nongenotoxic mechanism is proposed. Nevertheless, toxaphene is believed to present a potential carcinogenic risk to humans. Until now, only Germany has established a legal tolerance level for toxaphene--0.1 mg kg-1 wet weight for fish. (+info)
Richness of Colchic vegetation: comparison between refugia of south-western and East Asia. (2/4478)BACKGROUND: The Colchis is one of the species-rich refugia and a centre of biological diversity in western Eurasia. We analysed patterns of richness, endemism and invasions in relation to taxonomy (family membership), life form, certain habitats in the Colchis, and compared them to patterns found for Japan. RESULTS: We found that in the Colchis perennials are significantly over-represented in endemic species, and that they typically occur on limestone soils and in alpine tall herbaceous vegetation. The Asteraceae produce significantly large number of both endemic and alien species, whereas the Poaceae are over-represented in alien species but under-represented in endemics. Likewise, the Apiaceae are over-represented in endemics, whereas the Euphorbiaceae are over-represented in alien species. Similar patterns have been found in Yakushima, Japan. The Morisita-Horn index of similarity between these two sites was 0.83 (based on family size). Although the flora of Adjara comprised of fewer families than the flora of Yakushima, the largest families are richer in species in the flora of Adjara than in the flora of Yakushima. CONCLUSIONS: Floristic analysis of refugia of western Eurasia and their comparison with geographically distant areas can provide useful data for plant ecological and evolutionary studies. Potentially, such studies can produce testable hypotheses on plant migrations and on their historical geography. For example, the data presented in this study indicate that more severe conditions in the Pleistocene and geographical isolation of the Colchis may be responsible for the higher relative importance of adaptive radiation in the shaping of its modern flora. (+info)
Patterns in abundance and diversity of faecally dispersed parasites of tiger in Tadoba National Park, central India. (3/4478)BACKGROUND: Importance of parasites in ecological and evolutionary interactions is being increasingly recognized. However, ecological data on parasites of important host species is still scanty. We analyze the patterns seen in the faecal parasites of tigers in the Tadoba National Park, India, and speculate on the factors and processes shaping the parasite community and the possible implications for tiger ecology. RESULTS: The prevalence and intensities were high and the parasite community was dominated by indirect life cycle parasites. Across all genera of parasites variance scaled with the square of the mean and there was a significant positive correlation between prevalence and abundance. There was no significant association between different types of parasites. CONCLUSIONS: The 70 samples analyzed formed 14 distinct clusters. If we assume each of the clusters to represent individual tigers that were sampled repeatedly and that resident tigers are more likely to be sampled repeatedly, the presumed transient tigers had significantly greater parasite loads than the presumed resident ones. (+info)
The diversity of microorganisms associated with Acromyrmex leafcutter ants. (4/4478)BACKGROUND: Molecular biological techniques are dramatically changing our view of microbial diversity in almost any environment that has so far been investigated. This study presents a systematic survey of the microbial diversity associated with a population of Acromyrmex leafcutter ants. In contrast to previous studies on social insects, which targeted specific groups of symbionts occurring in the gut (termites, Tetraponera ants) or in specialised cells (Camponotus ants) the objective of our present study was to do a total screening of all possible micro-organisms that can be found inside the bodies of these leafcutter ants. RESULTS: We amplified, cloned and sequenced SSU rRNA encoding gene fragments from 9 microbial groups known to have insect-associated representatives, and show that: (1) representatives of 5 out of 9 tested groups are present, (2) mostly several strains per group are present, adding up to a total of 33 different taxa. We present the microbial taxa associated with Acromymex ants in a phylogenetic context (using sequences from GenBank) to assess and illustrate to which known microorganisms they are closely related. The observed microbial diversity is discussed in the light of present knowledge on the evolutionary history of Acromyrmex leafcutter ants and their known mutualistic and parasitic symbionts. CONCLUSIONS: The major merits of the screening approach documented here is its high sensitivity and specificity, which allowed us to identify several microorganisms that are promising candidates for further study of their interactions with Acromyrmex leafcutter ants or their gardens. (+info)
A new neuroprotective pinusolide derivative from the leaves of Biota orientalis. (5/4478)A new pinusolide derivative, 15-methoxypinusolidic acid (1), and another new isopimarane diterpene, ent-isopimara-15-en-3 alpha,8 alpha-diol (2) with three known diterpenes, lambertianic acid (3), isopimara-8(9),15-dien-18-oic acid (4) and isopimara-7(8),15-dien-3 beta,18-diol (5) were isolated from the 90% MeOH fraction of Biota orientalis (L.) ENDL. (Cupressaceae) leaves. Chemical structures of 1-5 were elucidated by analyses of their spectral data, including the two-dimensional (2D) NMR technique. Compound 1 showed significant protective activity against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity in primary cultures of rat cortical cells. (+info)
Biodiversity of nematode assemblages from the region of the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone, an area of commercial mining interest. (6/4478)BACKGROUND: The possibility for commercial mining of deep-sea manganese nodules is currently under exploration in the abyssal Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone. Nematodes have potential for biomonitoring of the impact of commercial activity but the natural biodiversity is unknown. We investigate the feasibility of nematodes as biomonitoring organisms and give information about their natural biodiversity. RESULTS: The taxonomic composition (at family to genus level) of the nematode fauna in the abyssal Pacific is similar, but not identical to, the North Atlantic. Given the immature state of marine nematode taxonomy, it is not possible to comment on the commonality or otherwise of species between oceans. The between basin differences do not appear to be directly linked to current ecological factors. The abyssal Pacific region (including the Fracture Zone) could be divided into two biodiversity subregions that conform to variations in the linked factors of flux to the benthos and of sedimentary characteristics. Richer biodiversity is associated with areas of known phytodetritus input and higher organic-carbon flux. Despite high reported sample diversity, estimated regional diversity is less than 400 species. CONCLUSION: The estimated regional diversity of the CCFZ is a tractable figure for biomonitoring of commercial activities in this region using marine nematodes, despite the immature taxonomy (i.e. most marine species have not been described) of the group. However, nematode ecology is in dire need of further study. (+info)
Complexity in natural microbial ecosystems: the Guerrero Negro experience. (7/4478)The goal of this project is to describe and understand the organismal composition, structure, and physiology of microbial ecosystems from hypersaline environments. One collection of such ecosystems occurs at North America's largest saltworks, the Exportadora de Sal, in Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur. There, seawater flows through a series of evaporative basins with an increase in salinity until saturation is reached and halite crystallization begins. Several of these ponds are lined with thick (10 cm) microbial mats that have received some biological study. To determine the nature and extent of diversity of the microbial organisms that constitute these ecosystems, we are conducting a phylogenetic analysis using molecular approaches, based on cloning and sequencing of small subunit (SSU) rRNA genes (16S for Bacteria and Archaea, 18S for Eukarya). In addition, we report preliminary results on the microbial composition of a laminated community that occurs in a crystallized gypsum-halite matrix in near-saturated salt water. Exposure of the interior of these large (kilogram) wet, endoevaporite crystals reveals a multitude of colors: layers of yellow, green, pink, and purple microbiota. To date, analyses of these two environments indicate the ubiquitous dominance of uncultured organisms of phylogenetic kinds not generally thought to be associated with hypersaline environments. (+info)
Viral influence on aquatic bacterial communities. (8/4478)Bacterial viruses, or bacteriophages, have numerous roles in marine systems. Although they are now considered important agents of mortality of bacteria, a second possible role of regulating bacterial community composition is less well known. The effect on community composition derives from the presumed species-specificity and density-dependence of infection. Although models have described the "kill the winner" hypothesis of such control, there are few observational or experimental demonstrations of this effect in complex natural communities. We report here on some experiments that demonstrate that viruses can influence community composition in natural marine communities. Although the effect is subtle over the time frame suitable for field experiments (days), the cumulative effect over months or years would be substantial. Other virus roles, such as in genetic exchange or microbial evolution, have the potential to be extremely important, but we know very little about them. (+info)
In the medical field, biodiversity refers to the variety of living organisms, including microorganisms, plants, and animals, that exist in a particular ecosystem or region. This diversity of life is important for maintaining the health and resilience of ecosystems, as different species play different roles in maintaining ecological balance and providing resources for human use. Biodiversity is also important in the development of new medicines and medical treatments. Many drugs are derived from natural sources, such as plants and animals, and the loss of biodiversity can reduce the availability of these resources. Additionally, biodiversity can help to protect against the spread of infectious diseases, as diverse ecosystems tend to be more resilient to disease outbreaks. Overall, biodiversity is a critical component of the health and well-being of both human and natural systems, and efforts to conserve and protect biodiversity are essential for maintaining the health of our planet.
In the medical field, the conservation of natural resources refers to the responsible use and management of natural resources such as water, air, land, and energy to ensure their sustainability and availability for future generations. This includes the reduction of waste and pollution, the efficient use of resources, and the implementation of practices that promote environmental health and well-being. Conservation of natural resources is important in the medical field because it helps to ensure that medical facilities and practices are sustainable and do not contribute to environmental degradation. For example, conserving water and energy can help to reduce costs and minimize the environmental impact of medical facilities. Additionally, conserving natural resources can help to protect the health of patients and staff by reducing exposure to pollutants and ensuring access to clean air and water. Overall, the conservation of natural resources is an important aspect of sustainable healthcare and is essential for promoting the health and well-being of both people and the planet.
In the medical field, aquatic organisms refer to living organisms that live in water, such as fish, crustaceans, mollusks, and algae. These organisms can be found in various aquatic environments, including oceans, rivers, lakes, and ponds. Aquatic organisms play an important role in the ecosystem and are studied by scientists in various fields, including biology, ecology, and environmental science. They are also used in medical research, particularly in the development of new drugs and treatments. In some cases, aquatic organisms can also pose a risk to human health, particularly if they are contaminated with toxins or other harmful substances. For example, certain types of fish can accumulate high levels of mercury, which can be harmful to humans if consumed in large quantities. Overall, aquatic organisms are an important part of the natural world and play a vital role in maintaining the health and balance of aquatic ecosystems.
In the medical field, biomass refers to the total mass of living organisms in a particular area or ecosystem. This can include plants, animals, and microorganisms, and is often used as a measure of the health and productivity of an ecosystem. Biomass can also be used to refer to the energy that can be derived from living organisms, such as through the burning of wood or the fermentation of plant materials to produce biofuels. In this context, biomass is often seen as a renewable energy source, as it can be replenished through natural processes such as photosynthesis.
Climate change refers to the long-term changes in the Earth's climate system, including changes in temperature, precipitation patterns, sea level, and extreme weather events. In the medical field, climate change can have significant impacts on human health, including increased risk of heat-related illnesses, respiratory problems due to air pollution, and the spread of infectious diseases. Climate change can also exacerbate existing health disparities and social inequalities, particularly for vulnerable populations such as low-income communities, children, and the elderly. Therefore, understanding the health impacts of climate change is crucial for developing effective strategies to mitigate and adapt to its effects.
In the medical field, the term "birds" typically refers to a class of warm-blooded vertebrates characterized by feathers, wings, and beaks. There are over 10,000 species of birds, and they can be found in a wide range of habitats, from forests and grasslands to deserts and oceans. In medicine, birds are sometimes studied as models for human diseases, particularly those related to infectious diseases. For example, some bird species, such as chickens and ducks, can carry and transmit viruses that are similar to those that affect humans, such as avian influenza. Birds are also used in medical research to study the effects of environmental pollutants on wildlife. For example, studies have shown that exposure to certain chemicals, such as pesticides and heavy metals, can have negative effects on bird populations. In addition, birds are sometimes used in medical treatments, such as in the field of avian therapy. Avian therapy involves the use of trained birds, such as parrots, to provide emotional support and companionship to people with a variety of conditions, including depression, anxiety, and dementia.
In the medical field, classification refers to the process of grouping individuals or conditions into categories based on shared characteristics or features. This process is often used to help healthcare providers better understand and manage diseases, disorders, and other medical conditions. For example, a classification system might be used to group patients with heart disease into different categories based on the specific type of heart disease they have, such as coronary artery disease, heart failure, or valvular heart disease. This can help healthcare providers tailor treatment plans to the specific needs of each patient. Classification can also be used to group individuals based on other characteristics, such as age, gender, or risk factors for certain diseases. For example, a classification system might be used to identify individuals who are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes based on factors such as age, weight, and family history. Overall, classification is an important tool in the medical field that helps healthcare providers better understand and manage a wide range of medical conditions and patients.
In the medical field, agriculture refers to the practice of cultivating crops and raising livestock for food, fiber, and other products. It encompasses a wide range of activities, including planting, harvesting, and processing crops, as well as breeding and caring for animals. Agricultural practices can have significant impacts on human health, both positive and negative. On the positive side, agriculture provides essential nutrients and calories for human consumption, and can also contribute to the development of new medicines and medical technologies. However, agricultural practices can also have negative impacts on human health, such as the exposure to pesticides and other chemicals, the risk of foodborne illness, and the development of zoonotic diseases (diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans). In the medical field, understanding the relationship between agriculture and human health is important for developing effective strategies to promote healthy diets, prevent foodborne illness, and address the health impacts of agricultural practices. This may involve working with farmers and agricultural organizations to promote sustainable and healthy farming practices, as well as developing new medical technologies and treatments to address the health impacts of agricultural practices.
In the medical field, "biota" refers to the collective term for all living organisms that inhabit a particular environment, including bacteria, fungi, plants, and animals. The biota of a particular area can have a significant impact on human health, as it can influence the spread of diseases, the availability of resources, and the overall health of the ecosystem. For example, the presence of certain types of bacteria in soil can affect the growth of crops, while the presence of certain types of animals can affect the spread of diseases. Understanding the biota of a particular area is important for developing effective strategies for managing and protecting human health and the environment.
In the medical field, the term "climate" typically refers to the environmental conditions in a particular location or region, including temperature, humidity, precipitation, and other factors that can affect human health. For example, a hot and humid climate may increase the risk of heat stroke and other heat-related illnesses, while a dry climate may increase the risk of dehydration and respiratory problems. In some cases, climate can also refer to the broader social and cultural context in which medical care is provided, including factors such as access to healthcare, cultural beliefs and practices, and economic conditions. For example, a study of climate and health in a particular region might examine how these factors interact to influence the prevalence of certain diseases or health outcomes.
In the medical field, amphibians are a group of cold-blooded vertebrates that include frogs, toads, salamanders, and newts. They are characterized by their moist skin, which helps them breathe through their skin as well as through their lungs. Amphibians are also known for their ability to live both on land and in water, and for their metamorphic life cycle, which involves a transformation from a larval stage to an adult stage. In medicine, amphibians are sometimes used in research to study various biological processes, such as development, genetics, and disease. However, they are not commonly used in medical treatments.
In the medical field, "Crops, Agricultural" typically refers to the cultivation and harvesting of crops for food, fiber, or other agricultural products. This can include a wide range of crops, such as grains, fruits, vegetables, and livestock feed. The medical field may be interested in agricultural crops for several reasons. For example, some crops may be used as sources of dietary fiber or other nutrients that can help prevent certain diseases. Others may be used to produce biofuels or other industrial products. Additionally, the use of pesticides and other chemicals in agriculture can have potential health effects on both humans and the environment, so the medical field may study the impact of these practices on human health. Overall, the medical field may be interested in agricultural crops as a way to understand the impact of food production on human health and the environment, and to develop strategies for promoting sustainable and healthy food systems.
Biological evolution refers to the process by which species of living organisms change over time through the mechanisms of natural selection, genetic drift, mutation, and gene flow. In the medical field, biological evolution is important because it helps us understand how diseases and pathogens have evolved and adapted to survive in different environments and populations. This knowledge is crucial for developing effective treatments and prevention strategies for infectious diseases, as well as for understanding the genetic basis of inherited diseases and disorders. Additionally, understanding the evolutionary history of organisms can provide insights into their biology, ecology, and behavior, which can inform conservation efforts and the management of natural resources.
In the medical field, "soil" typically refers to the microorganisms and other biological material that can be found in soil. These microorganisms can include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites, and can be present in various forms, such as in soil particles or as free-living organisms. Soil can also refer to the physical and chemical properties of the soil, such as its texture, pH, nutrient content, and water-holding capacity. These properties can affect the growth and health of plants, and can also impact the spread of soil-borne diseases and infections. In some cases, soil can also be used as a medium for growing plants in a controlled environment, such as in a greenhouse or laboratory setting. In these cases, the soil may be specially formulated to provide the necessary nutrients and conditions for optimal plant growth.
In the medical field, Anthozoa refers to a class of marine animals that includes corals, sea anemones, and sea pens. These animals are characterized by their radial symmetry, which means that their body parts are arranged around a central axis. Anthozoa are also known for their hard skeletons, which are made of calcium carbonate and provide support for the animal's body. In the context of medicine, Anthozoa are not typically used for medical treatment. However, some species of Anthozoa are used in research to study the effects of environmental factors on marine life, as well as to develop new treatments for diseases. Additionally, some species of Anthozoa are used in traditional medicine in certain parts of the world. For example, the sea anemone Stichodactyla helianthus is used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat a variety of conditions, including inflammation and pain.
In the medical field, the concept of conservation of energy resources refers to the practice of using energy efficiently and minimizing waste in order to reduce the environmental impact of medical facilities and practices. This can include measures such as using energy-efficient equipment and appliances, implementing energy-saving practices in operations and procedures, and reducing the use of single-use medical supplies and equipment. The goal of conservation of energy resources in the medical field is to reduce the carbon footprint of healthcare facilities and practices, while also reducing costs and improving patient care.
In the medical field, "climatic processes" generally refers to the natural processes that influence the Earth's climate, including atmospheric circulation, ocean currents, and the exchange of energy between the atmosphere and the Earth's surface. These processes can have a significant impact on human health, particularly in the context of climate change. For example, changes in temperature and precipitation patterns can affect the distribution of disease vectors, such as mosquitoes and ticks, which can in turn increase the risk of infectious diseases like malaria and Lyme disease. Extreme weather events, such as heatwaves, hurricanes, and floods, can also have direct and indirect impacts on human health, including injuries, displacement, and mental health effects. Understanding the climatic processes that influence the Earth's climate is important for developing effective strategies to mitigate the health impacts of climate change and to prepare for and respond to extreme weather events.
Coral reefs are not typically studied or used in the medical field. Coral reefs are marine ecosystems that are formed by the accumulation of calcium carbonate skeletons produced by coral polyps. They are important for their biodiversity and the many ecosystem services they provide, such as protecting coastlines from storms and providing habitat for a wide variety of marine species. However, some research has been done on the potential medicinal properties of certain compounds found in coral, such as antiviral and antibacterial agents.
In the medical field, the term "Antarctic Regions" typically refers to the geographic region surrounding the Earth's southernmost continent, Antarctica. This region includes the continent itself, as well as the surrounding Southern Ocean and the islands that lie within it. The Antarctic Regions are characterized by extreme cold temperatures, strong winds, and a harsh, icy environment. As a result, medical conditions that are common in other parts of the world may be more severe or difficult to treat in this region. For example, hypothermia, frostbite, and trench foot are all common in the Antarctic Regions due to the cold temperatures and exposure to the elements. In addition, the isolation and remote nature of many Antarctic research stations and outposts can present unique medical challenges. Medical personnel in these areas must be prepared to handle a wide range of medical emergencies, including those related to trauma, illness, and injury, as well as to provide routine medical care to the station's inhabitants.
In the medical field, "Animal Distribution" refers to the distribution of animals within a population or geographic area. This can include the distribution of different species of animals, as well as the distribution of individual animals within a species. Animal distribution can be influenced by a variety of factors, including habitat, climate, food availability, and human activities. Understanding animal distribution is important for a number of reasons, including: 1. Conservation: Knowledge of animal distribution can help conservationists identify areas where endangered species are most likely to be found, and develop strategies to protect them. 2. Disease control: Understanding the distribution of animals can help public health officials identify areas where certain diseases are more likely to occur, and develop strategies to prevent their spread. 3. Agriculture: Knowledge of animal distribution can help farmers and ranchers make informed decisions about where to locate their operations, and how to manage their herds to maximize productivity. 4. Wildlife management: Understanding animal distribution is important for wildlife managers, who use this information to develop plans for managing wildlife populations and protecting them from human activities.
Amphipoda is a subclass of crustaceans that includes a diverse group of marine and freshwater animals. They are characterized by their elongated bodies, two pairs of antennae, and a single pair of mandibles. In the medical field, amphipods are sometimes used in research as model organisms to study various biological processes, including development, genetics, and behavior. They are also used in aquaculture as a food source for fish and other aquatic animals. Some species of amphipods are known to be vectors of disease, including the。，。，，。，，。
In the medical field, the term "butterflies" typically refers to a pattern of small, raised red or pink spots on the skin that are caused by the dilation of blood vessels in the skin. This condition is also known as "flushing" or "urticaria." Butterflies are often associated with certain medical conditions, such as an allergic reaction, heat stroke, or a viral infection. They can also be a side effect of certain medications or substances, such as alcohol or spicy foods. In some cases, butterflies may be a sign of a more serious underlying condition, such as an autoimmune disorder or a blood clotting disorder. If you are experiencing butterflies or any other unusual symptoms, it is important to speak with a healthcare provider for proper evaluation and treatment.
Costa Rica is a country located in Central America. It is not directly related to the medical field, but it is known for its high-quality healthcare system and medical tourism industry. Many people travel to Costa Rica for medical procedures and treatments, such as dental work, cosmetic surgery, and fertility treatments, due to its affordable prices and skilled medical professionals. Additionally, Costa Rica has a strong focus on preventative medicine and promoting healthy lifestyles, which has contributed to its relatively low rates of chronic diseases.
In the medical field, the term "Animals, Wild" typically refers to animals that are not domesticated or kept in captivity, and are found in their natural habitats. These animals can include mammals, birds, reptiles, fish, and insects, among others. Wild animals can carry a variety of diseases that can be transmitted to humans, such as rabies, Lyme disease, and West Nile virus. Therefore, healthcare professionals and researchers who work with wild animals need to take appropriate precautions to protect themselves and others from potential exposure to these diseases. In addition, wild animals can also pose a risk to human safety, particularly if they are injured or cornered. In such cases, it may be necessary for trained professionals to intervene and handle the animal in a safe and humane manner. Overall, the study of wild animals in the medical field is important for understanding the biology and behavior of these creatures, as well as for developing strategies to protect both humans and wildlife from potential harm.
In the medical field, beetles are not typically studied or used for medical purposes. Beetles are a type of insect that belong to the order Coleoptera, which is the largest order of insects. They are known for their hard exoskeletons, which protect their internal organs. However, some species of beetles are used in medical research for their potential as sources of new drugs or as models for studying human diseases. For example, the beetle species Tribolium castaneum has been used in research on aging and cancer, while the beetle species Tenebrio molitor is used in the production of silkworms and has been studied for its potential as a source of therapeutic compounds. In general, beetles are not commonly associated with medical treatments or interventions, but their unique biological characteristics and potential applications in research make them an interesting subject of study for scientists.
Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms that are found in almost every environment on Earth, including soil, water, and the human body. In the medical field, bacteria are often studied and classified based on their characteristics, such as their shape, size, and genetic makeup. Bacteria can be either beneficial or harmful to humans. Some bacteria are essential for human health, such as the bacteria that live in the gut and help digest food. However, other bacteria can cause infections and diseases, such as strep throat, pneumonia, and meningitis. In the medical field, bacteria are often identified and treated using a variety of methods, including culturing and identifying bacteria using specialized laboratory techniques, administering antibiotics to kill harmful bacteria, and using vaccines to prevent bacterial infections.
In the medical field, "Brazil" typically refers to the country located in South America. Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America, and it is known for its diverse population, rich culture, and natural resources. In terms of healthcare, Brazil has a publicly funded healthcare system called the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde, or SUS). The SUS provides free or low-cost healthcare services to all Brazilian citizens and residents, including primary care, hospitalization, and specialized medical care. Brazil has also made significant strides in public health, particularly in the areas of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and dengue fever. The country has implemented widespread vaccination programs and has made efforts to improve access to healthcare services in underserved areas. However, Brazil still faces significant challenges in the healthcare sector, including a shortage of healthcare professionals, inadequate infrastructure, and disparities in access to healthcare services between different regions and socioeconomic groups.
In the medical field, angiosperms are a group of plants that produce seeds enclosed in an ovary, which develops into a fruit after fertilization. Angiosperms are also known as flowering plants or dicots, and they are the most diverse group of plants on Earth, with over 300,000 species. Angiosperms are important in medicine because many of them produce useful compounds, such as medicinal plants, that have been used for centuries to treat a variety of ailments. For example, aspirin is derived from the bark of the willow tree, which is an angiosperm, and digitalis, a heart medication, is derived from the foxglove plant, another angiosperm. In addition to their medicinal uses, angiosperms are also important in agriculture, as they provide food, fiber, and other resources for humans and animals. Many crops, such as wheat, rice, and corn, are angiosperms, and they are also used to produce biofuels and other industrial products. Overall, angiosperms play a crucial role in the functioning of ecosystems and have significant economic and medicinal value.
Crustacea is a taxonomic class of arthropods that includes animals such as crabs, lobsters, shrimp, and crayfish. In the medical field, crustaceans are often studied for their potential use as sources of therapeutic compounds, such as antibiotics and anti-inflammatory agents. Some species of crustaceans are also used in medical research as models for studying human diseases, such as cancer and neurodegenerative disorders. Additionally, crustaceans are sometimes used in medical treatments, such as in the treatment of certain types of skin conditions.
In the medical field, the term "Atlantic Ocean" typically refers to the body of water that separates the eastern coast of North America from the western coast of Europe and Africa. The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest ocean in the world, covering an area of approximately 41.1 million square miles (106.4 million square kilometers). The Atlantic Ocean plays an important role in global climate patterns and weather systems, and is home to a diverse range of marine life, including fish, whales, dolphins, and various species of coral and algae. In medical research, the Atlantic Ocean is sometimes studied as a source of potential new drugs or other therapeutic compounds, as well as a habitat for marine organisms that may be used in medical treatments or as models for studying human biology.
In the medical field, the term "civilization" is not commonly used. However, the term "civilization syndrome" is sometimes used to describe a group of symptoms that are thought to be related to the modern lifestyle, including constipation, hemorrhoids, and anal fissures. These symptoms are believed to be caused by the lack of physical activity, poor diet, and other factors associated with modern life.
I'm sorry, but I'm not aware of any medical term or concept related to "Borneo." Borneo is a large island located in Southeast Asia, shared by three countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei. It is known for its diverse wildlife, rainforests, and cultural heritage. If you have any other questions or if there's anything else I can help you with, please let me know.
I'm sorry, but I don't think there is a specific term called "Animal Migration" in the medical field. Animal migration refers to the seasonal movement of animals from one place to another, usually in search of food, water, or suitable breeding grounds. This phenomenon is observed in various species of animals, including birds, mammals, fish, and insects. In the medical field, the term "migration" is used in a different context, such as the migration of cells or tissues within the body, or the movement of pathogens from one location to another. For example, the migration of immune cells to sites of infection or inflammation is an important aspect of the immune response. Similarly, the migration of cancer cells from the primary tumor to other parts of the body is a hallmark of metastasis. If you have a specific question related to animal migration or any other medical topic, I would be happy to try and help you.
In the medical field, altitude refers to the height above sea level at which a person or object is located. This can have significant effects on the body, particularly on the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. At higher altitudes, the air pressure is lower, which means there is less oxygen available to breathe. This can lead to altitude sickness, a condition characterized by symptoms such as headache, nausea, dizziness, and shortness of breath. In addition, the lower air pressure at high altitudes can put increased strain on the heart and lungs, which can be particularly problematic for people with pre-existing cardiovascular or respiratory conditions.
In the medical field, the term "carbon" typically refers to the chemical element with the atomic number 6, which is a vital component of all living organisms. Carbon is the building block of organic molecules, including proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids, which are essential for the structure and function of cells and tissues. In medicine, carbon is also used in various diagnostic and therapeutic applications. For example, carbon-13 (13C) is a stable isotope of carbon that is used in metabolic studies to investigate the function of enzymes and pathways in the body. Carbon-14 (14C) is a radioactive isotope of carbon that is used in radiocarbon dating to determine the age of organic materials, including human remains. Additionally, carbon dioxide (CO2) is a gas that is produced by the body during respiration and is exhaled. It is also used in medical applications, such as in carbon dioxide laser therapy, which uses the energy of CO2 lasers to treat various medical conditions, including skin disorders, tumors, and eye diseases.
In the medical field, "caves" typically refers to the natural or artificial underground spaces that are used for various purposes, such as storage, research, or treatment. One example of medical caves is the "cave hospital" or "cave clinic," which is a type of underground medical facility that is designed to provide shelter and medical care to people in emergency situations, such as natural disasters or war zones. These facilities are typically equipped with medical equipment and supplies, and are staffed by medical professionals who are trained to provide emergency medical care. Another example of medical caves is the "cave laboratory," which is an underground research facility that is used for scientific research, such as studying the effects of low light levels on plant growth or studying the behavior of animals in their natural habitat. These facilities are typically equipped with specialized equipment and are staffed by scientists who are trained in the specific area of research. Overall, the term "caves" in the medical field refers to underground spaces that are used for medical or scientific purposes, and are designed to provide a safe and controlled environment for research, treatment, or emergency care.
In the medical field, "Databases, Factual" refers to electronic databases that contain factual information about medical topics, such as diseases, treatments, medications, and medical procedures. These databases are typically created and maintained by medical organizations, such as the National Library of Medicine (NLM) or the World Health Organization (WHO), and are used by healthcare professionals, researchers, and the general public to access and retrieve information about medical topics. Factual databases in the medical field may include information such as: * Descriptions of diseases and conditions, including symptoms, causes, and treatments * Information about medications, including dosage, side effects, and interactions with other drugs * Data on medical procedures, including risks, benefits, and outcomes * Research studies and clinical trials related to medical topics * Guidelines and recommendations from medical organizations and professional associations Factual databases in the medical field are often searchable and may include features such as filtering, sorting, and the ability to save and share search results. They are an important resource for healthcare professionals and researchers, as they provide access to a large and up-to-date collection of information on medical topics.
Arecaceae is a family of flowering plants commonly known as palm trees. In the medical field, Arecaceae plants are not typically used for medicinal purposes. However, some species of palm trees are used in traditional medicine in certain parts of the world. For example, the oil extracted from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat a variety of conditions, including digestive disorders and skin problems. Additionally, the leaves of certain palm trees, such as the Areca catechu palm, are used to make betel nuts, which are chewed for their psychoactive effects. However, the use of betel nuts is not recommended due to their potential health risks, including oral cancer.
In the medical field, arthropods refer to a diverse group of invertebrate animals that have jointed legs and a hard exoskeleton made of chitin. Arthropods include insects, spiders, crustaceans, and many other types of animals. Some arthropods are known to cause disease in humans and animals, such as ticks, fleas, and mosquitoes, which can transmit diseases like Lyme disease, plague, and malaria. Other arthropods, such as bees and wasps, can cause allergic reactions in some people. In medical research, arthropods are also used as models for studying genetics, development, and disease. For example, fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) are commonly used in genetic research because they have a short lifespan and are easy to breed. Overall, arthropods play an important role in the medical field, both as vectors of disease and as models for scientific research.
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S is a type of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) that is found in bacteria and archaea. It is a small subunit of the ribosome, which is the cellular machinery responsible for protein synthesis. The 16S rRNA is located in the 30S subunit of the ribosome and is essential for the binding and decoding of messenger RNA (mRNA) during translation. The sequence of the 16S rRNA is highly conserved among bacteria and archaea, making it a useful target for the identification and classification of these organisms. In the medical field, the 16S rRNA is often used in molecular biology techniques such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing to study the diversity and evolution of bacterial and archaeal populations. It is also used in the development of diagnostic tests for bacterial infections and in the identification of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria.
In the medical field, ants typically refer to the medical condition known as antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). APS is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the presence of antibodies that bind to phospholipids, which are lipids that are important components of cell membranes. These antibodies can cause blood clots to form in the blood vessels, leading to a variety of medical problems such as stroke, heart attack, and pulmonary embolism. APS can also cause pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, stillbirth, and premature birth. It is typically diagnosed through blood tests that detect the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in the blood. Treatment for APS may include anticoagulant medications to prevent blood clots, as well as corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive drugs to reduce the activity of the autoimmune response.
Automatic Data Processing (ADP) in the medical field refers to the use of computer systems and software to automate the processing of medical data. This includes tasks such as managing patient records, scheduling appointments, processing insurance claims, and generating reports. ADP systems in healthcare can help healthcare providers to streamline their operations, reduce errors, and improve patient care. For example, electronic health records (EHRs) are a type of ADP system that allows healthcare providers to store and manage patient information electronically, making it easier to access and share information among healthcare providers. Other examples of ADP systems used in healthcare include medical billing and coding software, which automates the process of submitting claims to insurance companies, and patient scheduling software, which automates the process of scheduling appointments with patients. Overall, ADP systems in healthcare can help healthcare providers to improve efficiency, reduce costs, and provide better care to their patients.
In the medical field, "bays" typically refer to a section or area within a hospital or healthcare facility where patients are treated or cared for. For example, a hospital may have several bays in its emergency department where patients with urgent medical needs are triaged and treated. Each bay may have a bed, a nurse's station, and equipment such as a monitor and IV stand. In some cases, "bays" may also refer to specific areas within a patient's room, such as the "head bay" or "foot bay," which are designated areas for the patient's head or feet, respectively. Overall, the term "bays" is used in healthcare to describe a specific area or section within a facility where patients receive medical care.
In the medical field, the term "atmosphere" typically refers to the physical environment or conditions in a particular setting, such as a hospital room or a surgical suite. The atmosphere can have a significant impact on the patient's experience, comfort, and overall well-being. For example, a calm and peaceful atmosphere can help reduce anxiety and promote relaxation, while a noisy and chaotic atmosphere can increase stress and discomfort. Similarly, a clean and well-lit atmosphere can promote healing and prevent infections, while a dirty or poorly lit atmosphere can have the opposite effect. In addition to the physical environment, the atmosphere can also refer to the emotional or social environment. For example, a supportive and caring atmosphere can help patients feel more comfortable and confident in their care, while a or dismissive atmosphere can have the opposite effect. Overall, creating a positive atmosphere is an important aspect of patient-centered care, and healthcare providers strive to create an environment that is safe, comfortable, and conducive to healing.
RNA, Ribosomal, 18S is a type of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) that is a component of the small ribosomal subunit in eukaryotic cells. It is responsible for binding to the mRNA (messenger RNA) and facilitating the process of protein synthesis by the ribosome. The 18S rRNA is one of the three main types of rRNA found in eukaryotic cells, along with 5.8S rRNA and 28S rRNA. Abnormalities in the expression or function of 18S rRNA have been associated with various diseases, including cancer and neurological disorders.
DNA, Mitochondrial refers to the genetic material found within the mitochondria, which are small organelles found in the cells of most eukaryotic organisms. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is a small circular molecule that is separate from the nuclear DNA found in the cell nucleus. Mitochondrial DNA is maternally inherited, meaning that a person inherits their mtDNA from their mother. Unlike nuclear DNA, which is diploid (contains two copies of each gene), mtDNA is haploid (contains only one copy of each gene). Mutations in mitochondrial DNA can lead to a variety of inherited disorders, including mitochondrial disorders, which are a group of conditions that affect the mitochondria and can cause a range of symptoms, including muscle weakness, fatigue, and neurological problems.
Demography is the study of human populations, including their size, growth, structure, distribution, and changes over time. In the medical field, demography is used to understand the health and healthcare needs of different populations, including age, gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Demographic data can be used to identify trends and patterns in health outcomes, such as disease incidence and mortality rates, and to inform public health policies and interventions. For example, demographers may analyze data on the aging population to identify the healthcare needs of older adults, or they may study the distribution of certain diseases in different racial and ethnic groups to inform targeted prevention and treatment efforts.
I'm sorry, but "Carbon Sequestration" is not typically used in the medical field. It is a term related to environmental science and engineering, specifically the process of capturing and storing carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases from the atmosphere to reduce their impact on climate change. In the medical field, terms related to carbon sequestration may include topics such as carbon footprint reduction, sustainable healthcare practices, and the use of renewable energy sources in medical facilities. However, the term "Carbon Sequestration" itself is not commonly used in medical contexts.
DNA, ribosomal, refers to the specific type of DNA found within ribosomes, which are the cellular structures responsible for protein synthesis. Ribosomal DNA (rDNA) is transcribed into ribosomal RNA (rRNA), which then forms the core of the ribosome. The rRNA molecules are essential for the assembly and function of the ribosome, and the rDNA sequences that code for these molecules are highly conserved across different species. Mutations in rDNA can lead to defects in ribosome function and can be associated with various medical conditions, including some forms of cancer and inherited disorders.
In the medical field, "Australia" typically refers to the country located in the southern hemisphere, which is known for its unique flora and fauna, as well as its diverse population and healthcare system. Australia has a well-developed healthcare system that is publicly funded through a combination of taxes and government subsidies. The country has a universal healthcare system known as Medicare, which provides free or low-cost medical services to all citizens and permanent residents. In addition to its public healthcare system, Australia also has a thriving private healthcare sector, which includes hospitals, clinics, and specialist medical practices. Many Australians also have private health insurance, which can provide additional coverage for medical services that are not covered by Medicare. Overall, the medical field in Australia is highly advanced and well-regarded, with a strong emphasis on research, innovation, and patient-centered care.
Bayes' theorem is a mathematical formula used to update probabilities based on new evidence or information. In the medical field, Bayes' theorem is often used to calculate the probability of a disease given certain test results. For example, suppose a medical test for a particular disease has a sensitivity of 90% and a specificity of 95%. This means that the test correctly identifies 90% of people with the disease as having the disease, and correctly identifies 95% of people without the disease as not having the disease. However, the test may also give false positives (identifying someone as having the disease when they do not) and false negatives (identifying someone as not having the disease when they do). Using Bayes' theorem, a doctor can calculate the probability that a patient actually has the disease given their test results. This can help the doctor make more informed decisions about treatment and management of the patient's condition. Bayes' theorem is also used in medical research to evaluate the effectiveness of new treatments and to identify risk factors for various diseases. It is a powerful tool for making statistical inferences and drawing conclusions based on data.
In the medical field, the term "Caribbean Region" typically refers to the geographic area that includes the countries and territories of the Caribbean Sea, such as Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, and others. The Caribbean Region is known for its diverse population, tropical climate, and high rates of certain diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension, and infectious diseases like dengue fever and chikungunya. Medical professionals working in the Caribbean Region may need to be knowledgeable about the unique health challenges and cultural factors that affect the population, as well as the availability and accessibility of healthcare resources in the region.
I'm sorry, but I'm not aware of any specific medical term or concept related to "Argentina." Argentina is a country located in South America, and it is known for its diverse geography, culture, and history. In the medical field, Argentina has a well-developed healthcare system, with a mix of public and private hospitals and clinics. The country has a relatively low infant mortality rate and a high life expectancy, but it also faces challenges related to access to healthcare and health disparities. If you have a specific medical question related to Argentina, I would be happy to try to help you.
2010 Biodiversity Target
Yamuna biodiversity park
Biodiversity of Kosovo
Biodiversity in Suriname
Economics of biodiversity
African Biodiversity & Conservation
Biodiversity Heritage Library
National Biodiversity Network
Biodiversity Monitoring Switzerland
Biodiversity Outcomes Framework
Trinational Biodiversity Corridor
Bhutan Biodiversity Portal
National Biodiversity Pavilion
Biodiversity park, Hyderabad
Biodiversity Park, Visakhapatnam
Biodiversity of Albania
State Park's Extraordinary Biodiversity
Agriculture and soil biodiversity | IUCN
Forest biodiversity | University College Cork
Examples of biodiversity projects
Biodiversity falls below 'safe levels' globally | ScienceDaily
Climate change and biodiversity | WPP
Biodiversity signals - European Environment Agency
Routledge and CRC Press Biodiversity Books
Global Biodiversity Outlook 3
Chhattisgarh biodiversity board | Tehelka
Wildlife and Biodiversity - SANBI
Biodiversity and Landscape Division
What ancient poop fungi means for biodiversity | Popular Science
AR Dr. Maren Ziegler - Systematics & Biodiversity Lab
Bending the curve of biodiversity loss | Philips
CSRWire - Crown Holdings: International Day for Biodiversity
Accommodating Biodiversity in Nordic Offshore Wind Projects
Biodiversity | International Institute for Environment and Development
Tree islands enhance biodiversity and functioning in oil palm landscapes | Nature
Canadian Scientists Collaborate to Map Biodiversity and the Human Footprint
UN Environment Chief Warns of a Biodiversity Apocalypse - Mother Jones
The Biodiversity Crisis Is a Business Crisis | BCG
Bioprospecting links health and biodiversity conservation in Panama
Experts urge better biodiversity cooperation - SWI swissinfo.ch
Alumni - Members - Biodiversity Research/ Systematic Botany - Universität Potsdam
Biodiversity, Macroecology and Biogeography - Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Toward a Biodiversity Accounting - Sightline Institute
Opinion | Biden on Biodiversity: The Silence and the Promise | Common Dreams
- The goal of this programmatic engagement is to foster dialogue between agriculture and conservation sectors, and encourage governments, businesses and land managers (including farming communities) implement a common vision to protect and restore biodiversity on farms and in agricultural landscapes, including the ecosystems on which agriculture depends. (iucn.org)
- Though neither planting nor natural regeneration can fully compensate for the loss of biodiversity associated with primary forest, in the short to medium term the potential for planted forests to support biodiversity is important in the context of global biodiversity conservation. (ucc.ie)
- The importance of plantation forests for biodiversity conservation is greatest in landscapes that have experienced significant loss of natural forest ecosystems and where, as in Ireland, the plantation forest estate continues to expand. (ucc.ie)
- The potential for these forests to contribute to biodiversity conservation can be maximised through appropriate forest management at all stages and scales, including site selection, choice of tree species, landscape configuration and harvesting strategies. (ucc.ie)
- Other high biodiversity areas, such as Amazonia, which have seen no land use change have higher levels of biodiversity and more scope for proactive conservation. (sciencedaily.com)
- This division is the federal authority responsible for biodiversity and landscapes, their ecosystem services, conservation, promotion and development, and sustainable use and hunting. (admin.ch)
- The difference between bioprospecting and biopiracy as at times controversial, but a program run by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) suggests that training professionals in high-biodiversity regions can help bring benefits to local populations while promoting biodiversity conservation. (mongabay.com)
- We were alarmed by the lack of conservation strategies that provide immediate benefits for people living in high biodiversity regions," said Tom Kursar, an associate professor of biology at the University of Utah and laed author of the paper. (mongabay.com)
- It's also important for our ability to address conservation, biodiversity, and protect the environment. (medscape.com)
- Preserving traditional knowledge is essential for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and to meeting the global commitments made under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Kunming Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (KMGBF), and the Paris Climate Agreement. (bvsalud.org)
- It is from this natural capital that we derive the biodiversity and 'ecosystem services' that make human life and all economic activities possible. (philips.com)
- However, it is a key driver of biodiversity loss in general, and that is why we have launched a Biodiversity & Ecosystem Services program to measure and improve ecosystem services and biodiversity at Philips' global manufacturing sites. (philips.com)
- Biodiversity creates significant economic value in the form of such ecosystem services as food provisioning , carbon storage, and water and air filtration, which are worth more than $150 trillion annually-about twice the world's GDP-according to academic research and BCG analysis. (bcg.com)
- Biodiversity is the basis for the maintenance of functions and processes in the ecosystems, and thus it is central in the generation of ecosystem services (such as pollination and biological control). (lu.se)
- The sponsor is BiodivERsA, a network of national and regional funding organisations promoting pan-European research on biodiversity, ecosystem services and Nature-based Solutions. (lu.se)
- Everyone is invited to join State Parks staff to explore and document California's extraordinary biological diversity to celebrate the 2023 California Biodiversity Week. (ca.gov)
- The human disturbance of ecosystems and ensuing biodiversity loss are increasingly linked to the occurrence of zoonotic and vector-borne diseases outbreaks," said Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa during the 26-28 October 2023 summit in Brazzaville. (who.int)
Driving biodiversity loss1
- Many business activities, especially activities related to resource extraction and cultivation, contribute to the pressures driving biodiversity loss. (bcg.com)
- Overuse of inputs is harming the long-term viability of farming, because it damages soils, reduces biodiversity and ultimately impairs our capacity to feed the world's growing population. (iucn.org)
- Forests are the most biologically diverse ecosystems on our planet and are home to more than 80% of the world's biodiversity. (ucc.ie)
- The team found that grasslands, savannas and shrublands were most affected by biodiversity loss, followed closely by many of the world's forests and woodlands. (sciencedaily.com)
- For 58.1% of the world's land surface, which is home to 71.4% of the global population, the level of biodiversity loss is substantial enough to question the ability of ecosystems to support human societies. (sciencedaily.com)
- Recognizing the critical role of ecosystems in human survival, leaders and representatives from the world's three largest tropical biodiversity ecosystems - the Amazon, the Congo and the Mekong-Delta River basins - are meeting this week in Brazzaville to discuss the complex relationship between forest ecosystems and human well-being. (who.int)
Ecosystems and Biodiversity1
- 1 1 BCG updated The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) estimates from 2011, adjusting them for inflation, an updated carbon price, and the most recent market values of provisioning services. (bcg.com)
- Philips fully recognizes the importance of a thriving biodiversity and healthy ecosystems for our customers, our employees, our business, and society as a whole. (philips.com)
- The research consortium combines expertise in law, policy, and trade and its nexus with biodiversity to uncover the root causes of biodiversity loss and degradation of healthy ecosystems and reveal legal innovations that can be used towards conserving, restoring and sustainably using biodiversity and healthy ecosystems upon which we all depend. (lu.se)
- This section of the zero pollution monitoring assessment presents a series of short case studies that highlight additional sources of information on the impacts of pollution on biodiversity and ecosystems. (europa.eu)
- ii) A lack of biodiversity has significant monetary impacts - for example, the loss of insect and animal species diversity is not just a loss for their ecosystem, but a much larger domino effect. (csrwire.com)
- Thanks to the long-term commitment of the Government of Alberta and a consortium of scientists, knowledge of biodiversity and impacts continue to grow. (esri.com)
- The research project "Protecting Biodiversity through Regulating Trade and Business Relations" sets out to contribute to protecting biodiversity and safeguarding human rights outside Europe by analysing how the European Union (EU) and European countries can regulate their impacts abroad through effective, fair and coherent laws and policies. (lu.se)
- We examine how EU and European countries can regulate their impacts on biodiversity and human rights in Southeast Asia, Latin America and Eastern Africa to contribute to positive socio-ecological outcomes. (lu.se)
- Salton Sea SRA Bioblitz: Let's get together and observe as many species as we can to celebrate California Biodiversity Day! (ca.gov)
- They found that biodiversity hotspots -- those that have seen habitat loss in the past but have a lot of species only found in that area -- are threatened, showing high levels of biodiversity decline. (sciencedaily.com)
- This does not necessarily mean tropical biodiversity is in a worse state than in temperate regions: if the index were to extend back centuries rather than decades, populations of temperate species may have declined by an equal or greater amount. (cbd.int)
- However, the current rates of decline in global species abundance represent a severe and ongoing loss of biodiversity in tropical ecosystems. (cbd.int)
- Biodiversity is commonly defined as the biological diversity of species including plants (flora), animals (fauna) and ecosystems. (csrwire.com)
- With the support of the Alberta Ministry of Environment and Parks (AEP), the Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute (ABMI) has become the trusted source for data about habitat, species, and the human footprint. (esri.com)
- The draft targets included in the global biodiversity framework involve proposals to protect 30 percent of land and sea, repurpose billions of dollars of harmful subsidies, and tackle invasive species. (motherjones.com)
- Fact number one: biodiversity-the level of diversity in the natural world, at the ecosystem, species, and genetic levels-is being destroyed at an alarming rate. (bcg.com)
- Five primary pressures-land-use and sea-use change, direct overexploitation of natural resources, climate change, pollution, and the spread of invasive species-are causing steep biodiversity loss. (bcg.com)
- World Environment Day is being celebrated on Saturday under the theme of biodiversity, "Many species. (swissinfo.ch)
- According to Ahmed Djoghlaf, executive secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, which oversees international efforts to conserve species, the fight to stop biodiversity loss is at a critical juncture. (swissinfo.ch)
- The report, based on a survey of some 500 peer-reviewed scientific articles and intergovernmental assessments, said climate change, pollution, habitat loss, overexploitation and invasive alien species were the five main drivers of biodiversity loss, and warned that the provision of fresh water, food and medicine could be at risk. (swissinfo.ch)
- Hotspots of biodiversity such as the Amazon, the Congo and the Mekong-Delta River basins are regions with extraordinarily high levels of species diversity and endemism. (who.int)
- The UN's environment chief has warned that "we are at war with nature" and must "make peace," as countries gather at Cop15 in Montreal to agree a deal to protect the planet's biodiversity. (motherjones.com)
- With the planet's current biodiversity crisis in mind, the study points to the importance of conserving local plants and watching fire activity before the value humans gain from nature completely disappears. (popsci.com)
- Recent major international reports have highlighted the alarming impact of food production systems on climate change, land and biodiversity. (iucn.org)
- While carbon-driven climate change is rightly at the top of the global environmental agenda, there is another topic that is just as central to the future of life on Earth, and equally in need of immediate and decisive action - the ongoing, accelerating loss of biodiversity. (philips.com)
- For the last 20 years, she has worked on human rights and environmental law (in particular biodiversity and climate change). (lu.se)
- Many agricultural landscapes are in urgent need of ecological restoration to safeguard biodiversity and ecosystem functioning while also promoting local livelihoods 9 , 10 , 11 , a central goal of the current United Nations decade on Ecosystem Restoration. (nature.com)
- It is intricately linked to biodiversity and natural resource management, as indigenous communities have often developed a deep understanding of their natural surroundings, the medicinal properties of various plants and of components of biodiversity that also support food security, livelihoods, nutrition, biocultural diversity and other dimensions of health and well-being. (bvsalud.org)
- Levels of global biodiversity loss may negatively impact on ecosystem function and the sustainability of human societies. (sciencedaily.com)
- Levels of global biodiversity loss may negatively impact on ecosystem function and the sustainability of human societies, according to UCL-led research. (sciencedaily.com)
- This is the first time we've quantified the effect of habitat loss on biodiversity globally in such detail and we've found that across most of the world biodiversity loss is no longer within the safe limit suggested by ecologists" explained lead researcher, Dr Tim Newbold from UCL and previously at UNEP-WCMC. (sciencedaily.com)
- We know biodiversity loss affects ecosystem function but how it does this is not entirely clear. (sciencedaily.com)
- The study, published today in Science, led by researchers from UCL, the Natural History Museum and UNEP-WCMC, found that levels of biodiversity loss are so high that if left unchecked, they could undermine efforts towards long-term sustainable development. (sciencedaily.com)
- The loss is due to changes in land use and puts levels of biodiversity beyond the 'safe limit' recently proposed by the planetary boundaries -- an international framework that defines a safe operating space for humanity. (sciencedaily.com)
- Fact number two: biodiversity loss has massive implications for business. (bcg.com)
- His organisation released a report last month showing that world governments had failed to meet a 2010 target to halt biodiversity loss. (swissinfo.ch)
- In a move endorsed by the UN General Assembly, more than 190 countries committed in 2002 to achieve a significant reduction in the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. (swissinfo.ch)
- However, although reserves often reduce habitat loss, their efficacy at preserving animal diversity and their influence on biodiversity in surrounding unprotected areas remain unclear2-5. (bvsalud.org)
- European consumption causes biodiversity loss far away from the place of consumption and predominantly in countries of the Global South. (lu.se)
- IUCN has developed a new engagement in agriculture, guided by the vision of a future where biodiversity is restored and conserved on farms and in agricultural landscapes as nature-based solutions to global challenges and human and societal needs, contributing to the transition towards sustainable and resilient societies. (iucn.org)
- In the United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 1 , large knowledge gaps persist on how to increase biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in cash crop-dominated tropical landscapes 2 . (nature.com)
- However, to be a viable alternative for landowners, it is essential to generate empirical evidence on whether and how these restoration strategies affect biodiversity, ecosystem functioning and agricultural productivity in cash crop-dominated landscapes 2 . (nature.com)
- BCG set out to study the biodiversity crisis, understand the business role, and determine how companies should respond. (bcg.com)
- The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) contributes to South Africa's sustainable development by facilitating access to biodiversity data, generating information and knowledge, building capacity, providing policy advice, showcasing and conserving biodiversity in its national botanical and zoological gardens. (sanbi.org)
- Biodiversity, biotechnology, and sustainable development in health and agriculture : emerging connections. (who.int)
- Please see the diagram below for information on developing an evaluation and treatment plan for patients who consumed raw milk or raw milk products from Miller's Biodiversity Farm since January 2016, and are still within the six-month window following their last known exposure . (cdc.gov)
- They say the ability of biodiversity in these areas to support key ecosystem functions such as growth of living organisms and nutrient cycling has become increasingly uncertain. (sciencedaily.com)
- Decision-makers worry a lot about economic recessions, but an ecological recession could have even worse consequences -- and the biodiversity damage we've had means we're at risk of that happening. (sciencedaily.com)
- Until and unless we can bring biodiversity back up, we're playing ecological roulette. (sciencedaily.com)
- However, trade-offs between biodiversity or ecosystem functioning and agricultural productivity may result in failed restoration efforts or lead to undesirable ecological spillover effects by promoting the expansion of the agricultural frontier into natural forested areas 12 . (nature.com)
- Rather than PAs generating leakage that deteriorated ecological conditions elsewhere, our results are consistent with PAs inducing spillover that benefits biodiversity in surrounding areas. (bvsalud.org)
- Biodiversity Signal 1: Light pollution - a neglected environmental threat to biodiversity? (europa.eu)
- Our company is part of a wider value chain - ranging from the mining industry upstream, to operations, logistics, use phase and end-of-use phase downstream - which has an impact on biodiversity through land use conversion, pollution, consumption and emissions. (philips.com)
- This year marks the fifth annual celebration of California Biodiversity Day since it was first established in 2018 by Governor Brown, along with the Biodiversity Initiative. (ca.gov)
- We are also creating Biodiversity Risk Assessment, Mitigation, Management, and Action plans that have been audited to meet the Aluminium Stewardship Initiative (ASI) Biodiversity criteria for the ASI Performance Standard. (csrwire.com)
- Biodiversity is the cornerstone of the environment on which humans depend for life, and forest biodiversity provides health, recreation and environmental services to humans such as maintenance of air and water quality and carbon sequestration. (ucc.ie)
- The biodiversity work had been under way for seven years when funding came from the Alberta Ministry of Environment and Parks (AEP) to establish the Alberta Human Footprint Monitoring Program (AHFMP). (esri.com)
- The complex web of international agencies, treaties and individuals trying to protect our environment and conserve biodiversity must become more efficient, say experts. (swissinfo.ch)
- From the outside it looks like a mess," Daniel Ziegerer, acting head of global affairs at the Federal Environment Office, told swissinfo.ch, following a biodiversity roundtable meeting in Geneva on Friday. (swissinfo.ch)
- The value of biodiversity and traditional knowledge extends beyond health. (bvsalud.org)
- The New York State Department of Health and Pennsylvania Department of Health are investigating Brucella RB51 exposures that may be connected to consuming raw (unpasteurized) milk from Miller's Biodiversity Farm in Quarryville, Pennsylvania. (cdc.gov)
- Deforestation poses a significant threat to forest biodiversity, which is protected by international, national and regional measures such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (for further information click here ), the EU Birds and Habitats Directives (for further information click here ) and Ireland's Environmental Guidelines (for further information click here ). (ucc.ie)
- Biodiversity is the variety and variability of life on Earth, and it is under significant and direct threat. (philips.com)
- Our project aims to produce novel understanding of current and future European trade rules that impact or target to protect and enhance biodiversity and human rights outside Europe. (lu.se)
- The project will increase understanding on how scientific knowledge, other knowledge systems and multiple values of biodiversity need to be brought into the shaping of law and the definition of lawful vs unlawful activities. (lu.se)
- Here, we present findings from a large-scale, 5-year ecosystem restoration experiment in an oil palm landscape enriched with 52 tree islands, encompassing assessments of ten indicators of biodiversity and 19 indicators of ecosystem functioning. (nature.com)
- iii) Biodiversity and nature is recognized as a powerful force to reduce CO 2 equivalent emissions - it is estimated that by working with nature, emissions can be reduced by up to 11.7 gigatons of carbon dioxide equivalent per year by 2030 4 , over 40% of what is needed to limit global warming. (csrwire.com)
- The biodiversity summit is key for limiting global heating to 1.5 C, according to the Paris climate agreement architects , who underscored the need to live in balance with nature at last month's climate summit . (motherjones.com)
- More coherent global cooperation is just one element in the battle to conserve biodiversity. (swissinfo.ch)
- But the Global Biodiversity Outlook-3 report, issued every four years, said: "The diversity of living things on the planet continues to be eroded as a result of human activity. (swissinfo.ch)
- Why is it critical for Crown to protect biodiversity? (csrwire.com)
- Crown has been mapping biodiversity in the vicinity of our plants using IBAT - Integrated Biodiversity Assessment Tool 5 - starting with the aluminum beverage manufacturing facilities. (csrwire.com)
- Overall, indicators of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, as well as multidiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality, were higher in tree islands compared to conventionally managed oil palm. (nature.com)
- To provide an holistic overview of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning across the experiment, we calculated multidiversity and multifunctionality using the aforementioned indicators 18 . (nature.com)
- Images courtesy of the Alberta Biodiversity Monitoring Institute. (esri.com)
- The operations of four major value chains-food, energy, infrastructure, and fashion-currently drive more than 90% of man-made pressure on biodiversity. (bcg.com)
- Landscape-scale benefits of protected areas for tropical biodiversity. (bvsalud.org)
- The public is encouraged to join State Parks staff in observing and documenting the abundant biodiversity found within a small stretch of the Sacramento River and learn about the importance of protecting and restoring riparian areas. (ca.gov)
- The presumption is that by regulating European business relations, European law can extend its positive biodiversity impact elsewhere outside the world, possibly having a major impact in reaching the goals of international environmental and human rights agreements. (lu.se)
- She has bridged the human rights and biodiversity "communities of practice" through leading research such in the Biodiversa project on safeguarding ecosystems and human rights through law and regulation. (lu.se)
- This year, over 20 state parks will be hosting Biodiversity Day events all over the state: from Bidwell-Sacramento River State Park in the north to Torrey Pines State Natural Reserve and Salton Sea State Recreation Area in the south. (ca.gov)
- It's worrying that land use has already pushed biodiversity below the level proposed as a safe limit," said Professor Andy Purvis of the Natural History Museum, London, who also worked on the study. (sciencedaily.com)
- The analyses were then applied to estimate how biodiversity in every square kilometre land has changed since before humans modified the habitat. (sciencedaily.com)
- Raising awareness and fostering conversation around this topic is critical to improving engagement - as the existence of International Biodiversity Day demonstrates. (csrwire.com)
- The program, called the International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups (ICBG), is profiled in the December issue of the journal BioScience . (mongabay.com)
- Time to show off the amazing biodiversity the desert has to offer. (ca.gov)
- Picacho SRA Bioblitz: Time to show off the amazing biodiversity the desert has to offer during California Biodiversity Week. (ca.gov)
- Governments have never met UN biodiversity targets in full and Andersen said that a proper accountability mechanism-similar to the nationally determined contributions that countries submit through the climate process-was vital if the world was to deliver on its commitments this time. (motherjones.com)