The study of the composition, chemical structures, and chemical reactions of living things.
The chemical processes, enzymatic activities, and pathways of living things and related temporal, dimensional, qualitative, and quantitative concepts.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
An examination of chemicals in the blood.
The study of the structure, preparation, properties, and reactions of carbon compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The specialty of ANALYTIC CHEMISTRY applied to assays of physiologically important substances found in blood, urine, tissues, and other biological fluids for the purpose of aiding the physician in making a diagnosis or following therapy.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The study of the structure, biosynthesis, and function of CARBOHYDRATES and GLYCOSYLATION.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.
Biological molecules that possess catalytic activity. They may occur naturally or be synthetically created. Enzymes are usually proteins, however CATALYTIC RNA and CATALYTIC DNA molecules have also been identified.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
Tests used in the analysis of the hemic system.
A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
Measurement of the intensity and quality of fluorescence.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Hospital facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
A change from planar to elliptic polarization when an initially plane-polarized light wave traverses an optically active medium. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
The origin of life. It includes studies of the potential basis for life in organic compounds but excludes studies of the development of altered forms of life through mutation and natural selection, which is BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION.
Compounds and molecular complexes that consist of very large numbers of atoms and are generally over 500 kDa in size. In biological systems macromolecular substances usually can be visualized using ELECTRON MICROSCOPY and are distinguished from ORGANELLES by the lack of a membrane structure.
Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.
Partial proteins formed by partial hydrolysis of complete proteins or generated through PROTEIN ENGINEERING techniques.
Laboratory tests demonstrating the presence of physiologically significant substances in the blood, urine, tissue, and body fluids with application to the diagnosis or therapy of disease.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
Processes involved in the formation of TERTIARY PROTEIN STRUCTURE.
Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.
Enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the conversion of L-aspartate and 2-ketoglutarate to oxaloacetate and L-glutamate. EC
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
An essential amino acid that is necessary for normal growth in infants and for NITROGEN balance in adults. It is a precursor of INDOLE ALKALOIDS in plants. It is a precursor of SEROTONIN (hence its use as an antidepressant and sleep aid). It can be a precursor to NIACIN, albeit inefficiently, in mammals.
A basic science concerned with the composition, structure, and properties of matter; and the reactions that occur between substances and the associated energy exchange.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.
Stable elementary particles having the smallest known positive charge, found in the nuclei of all elements. The proton mass is less than that of a neutron. A proton is the nucleus of the light hydrogen atom, i.e., the hydrogen ion.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A thiol-containing non-essential amino acid that is oxidized to form CYSTINE.
Disruption of the non-covalent bonds and/or disulfide bonds responsible for maintaining the three-dimensional shape and activity of the native protein.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-alanine and 2-oxoglutarate to pyruvate and L-glutamate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with morphology, physiology, and pathology of the blood and blood-forming tissues.
Parts of the myosin molecule resulting from cleavage by proteolytic enzymes (PAPAIN; TRYPSIN; or CHYMOTRYPSIN) at well-localized regions. Study of these isolated fragments helps to delineate the functional roles of different parts of myosin. Two of the most common subfragments are myosin S-1 and myosin S-2. S-1 contains the heads of the heavy chains plus the light chains and S-2 contains part of the double-stranded, alpha-helical, heavy chain tail (myosin rod).
An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
Blood tests that are used to evaluate how well a patient's liver is working and also to help diagnose liver conditions.
One of the non-essential amino acids commonly occurring in the L-form. It is found in animals and plants, especially in sugar cane and sugar beets. It may be a neurotransmitter.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
The process by which ELECTRONS are transported from a reduced substrate to molecular OXYGEN. (From Bennington, Saunders Dictionary and Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984, p270)
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
Chemical and physical transformation of the biogenic elements from their nucleosynthesis in stars to their incorporation and subsequent modification in planetary bodies and terrestrial biochemistry. It includes the mechanism of incorporation of biogenic elements into complex molecules and molecular systems, leading up to the origin of life.
A bile pigment that is a degradation product of HEME.
The composition, conformation, and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of an orthophosphoric monoester and water to an alcohol and orthophosphate. EC
The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A low-energy attractive force between hydrogen and another element. It plays a major role in determining the properties of water, proteins, and other compounds.
A subclass of group I phospholipases A2 that includes enzymes isolated from ELAPID VENOMS.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.
Inorganic salts or organic esters of phosphorous acid that contain the (3-)PO3 radical. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.
The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.
Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.
The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
Purifying or cleansing agents, usually salts of long-chain aliphatic bases or acids, that exert cleansing (oil-dissolving) and antimicrobial effects through a surface action that depends on possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties.
A PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE containing enzyme that catalyzes the reversible transfer of an amino group between D-Alanine and alpha-ketoglutarate to form PYRUVATE and D-GLUTAMATE, respectively. It plays a role in the synthesis of the bacterial CELL WALL. This enzyme was formerly classified as EC
Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate). An adenine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety at the 5'-position.
A diverse superfamily of proteins that function as translocating proteins. They share the common characteristics of being able to bind ACTINS and hydrolyze MgATP. Myosins generally consist of heavy chains which are involved in locomotion, and light chains which are involved in regulation. Within the structure of myosin heavy chain are three domains: the head, the neck and the tail. The head region of the heavy chain contains the actin binding domain and MgATPase domain which provides energy for locomotion. The neck region is involved in binding the light-chains. The tail region provides the anchoring point that maintains the position of the heavy chain. The superfamily of myosins is organized into structural classes based upon the type and arrangement of the subunits they contain.
A group of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of ATP. The hydrolysis reaction is usually coupled with another function such as transporting Ca(2+) across a membrane. These enzymes may be dependent on Ca(2+), Mg(2+), anions, H+, or DNA.
Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to a choline moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and choline and 2 moles of fatty acids.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
The highest dosage administered that does not produce toxic effects.
The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A spectroscopic technique in which a range of wavelengths is presented simultaneously with an interferometer and the spectrum is mathematically derived from the pattern thus obtained.
Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.
Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.
A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.
A serine endopeptidase that is formed from TRYPSINOGEN in the pancreas. It is converted into its active form by ENTEROPEPTIDASE in the small intestine. It catalyzes hydrolysis of the carboxyl group of either arginine or lysine. EC
Compounds used extensively as acetylation, oxidation and dehydrating agents and in the modification of proteins and enzymes.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.
The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Derivatives of the dimethylisoalloxazine (7,8-dimethylbenzo[g]pteridine-2,4(3H,10H)-dione) skeleton. Flavin derivatives serve an electron transfer function as ENZYME COFACTORS in FLAVOPROTEINS.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.
Layers of lipid molecules which are two molecules thick. Bilayer systems are frequently studied as models of biological membranes.
The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Cellular processes, properties, and characteristics.
NMR spectroscopy on small- to medium-size biological macromolecules. This is often used for structural investigation of proteins and nucleic acids, and often involves more than one isotope.
Chromatography on non-ionic gels without regard to the mechanism of solute discrimination.
The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A strong organic base existing primarily as guanidium ions at physiological pH. It is found in the urine as a normal product of protein metabolism. It is also used in laboratory research as a protein denaturant. (From Martindale, the Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed and Merck Index, 12th ed) It is also used in the treatment of myasthenia and as a fluorescent probe in HPLC.
The transfer of energy of a given form among different scales of motion. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed). It includes the transfer of kinetic energy and the transfer of chemical energy. The transfer of chemical energy from one molecule to another depends on proximity of molecules so it is often used as in techniques to measure distance such as the use of FORSTER RESONANCE ENERGY TRANSFER.
The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.
The first chemical element in the periodic table. It has the atomic symbol H, atomic number 1, and atomic weight [1.00784; 1.00811]. It exists, under normal conditions, as a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic gas. Hydrogen ions are PROTONS. Besides the common H1 isotope, hydrogen exists as the stable isotope DEUTERIUM and the unstable, radioactive isotope TRITIUM.
A tetrameric enzyme that, along with the coenzyme NAD+, catalyzes the interconversion of LACTATE and PYRUVATE. In vertebrates, genes for three different subunits (LDH-A, LDH-B and LDH-C) exist.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Analysis of the intensity of Raman scattering of monochromatic light as a function of frequency of the scattered light.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
A subclass of enzymes of the transferase class that catalyze the transfer of an amino group from a donor (generally an amino acid) to an acceptor (generally a 2-keto acid). Most of these enzymes are pyridoxyl phosphate proteins. (Dorland, 28th ed) EC 2.6.1.
Reagents with two reactive groups, usually at opposite ends of the molecule, that are capable of reacting with and thereby forming bridges between side chains of amino acids in proteins; the locations of naturally reactive areas within proteins can thereby be identified; may also be used for other macromolecules, like glycoproteins, nucleic acids, or other.
One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.
Compounds containing the -SH radical.
Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
The region of an enzyme that interacts with its substrate to cause the enzymatic reaction.
Filamentous proteins that are the main constituent of the thin filaments of muscle fibers. The filaments (known also as filamentous or F-actin) can be dissociated into their globular subunits; each subunit is composed of a single polypeptide 375 amino acids long. This is known as globular or G-actin. In conjunction with MYOSINS, actin is responsible for the contraction and relaxation of muscle.
Lipids containing one or more phosphate groups, particularly those derived from either glycerol (phosphoglycerides see GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS) or sphingosine (SPHINGOLIPIDS). They are polar lipids that are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids, although not stored in large amounts in the system.
The color-furnishing portion of hemoglobin. It is found free in tissues and as the prosthetic group in many hemeproteins.
Analogs of those substrates or compounds which bind naturally at the active sites of proteins, enzymes, antibodies, steroids, or physiological receptors. These analogs form a stable covalent bond at the binding site, thereby acting as inhibitors of the proteins or steroids.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
Deuterium. The stable isotope of hydrogen. It has one neutron and one proton in the nucleus.
The measurement of the quantity of heat involved in various processes, such as chemical reactions, changes of state, and formations of solutions, or in the determination of the heat capacities of substances. The fundamental unit of measurement is the joule or the calorie (4.184 joules). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Chemical groups containing the covalent disulfide bonds -S-S-. The sulfur atoms can be bound to inorganic or organic moieties.
An essential aromatic amino acid that is a precursor of MELANIN; DOPAMINE; noradrenalin (NOREPINEPHRINE), and THYROXINE.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Protein complexes that take part in the process of PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They are located within the THYLAKOID MEMBRANES of plant CHLOROPLASTS and a variety of structures in more primitive organisms. There are two major complexes involved in the photosynthetic process called PHOTOSYSTEM I and PHOTOSYSTEM II.
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.
A conjugated protein which is the oxygen-transporting pigment of muscle. It is made up of one globin polypeptide chain and one heme group.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The phenomenon whereby compounds whose molecules have the same number and kind of atoms and the same atomic arrangement, but differ in their spatial relationships. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.
Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.
Experiments designed to determine the potential toxic effects of a long-term exposure to a chemical or chemicals.
A benzofuran derivative used as a protein reagent since the terminal N-NBD-protein conjugate possesses interesting fluorescence and spectral properties. It has also been used as a covalent inhibitor of both beef heart mitochondrial ATPase and bacterial ATPase.
An essential amino acid. It is often added to animal feed.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
Conversion of an inactive form of an enzyme to one possessing metabolic activity. It includes 1, activation by ions (activators); 2, activation by cofactors (coenzymes); and 3, conversion of an enzyme precursor (proenzyme or zymogen) to an active enzyme.
A trace element with atomic symbol Mn, atomic number 25, and atomic weight 54.94. It is concentrated in cell mitochondria, mostly in the pituitary gland, liver, pancreas, kidney, and bone, influences the synthesis of mucopolysaccharides, stimulates hepatic synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acids, and is a cofactor in many enzymes, including arginase and alkaline phosphatase in the liver. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual 1992, p2035)
Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
Structurally related forms of an enzyme. Each isoenzyme has the same mechanism and classification, but differs in its chemical, physical, or immunological characteristics.
Measurement of the polarization of fluorescent light from solutions or microscopic specimens. It is used to provide information concerning molecular size, shape, and conformation, molecular anisotropy, electronic energy transfer, molecular interaction, including dye and coenzyme binding, and the antigen-antibody reaction.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
A prenatal ultrasonography measurement of the soft tissue behind the fetal neck. Either the translucent area below the skin in the back of the fetal neck (nuchal translucency) or the distance between occipital bone to the outer skin line (nuchal fold) is measured.
Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A plant genus of the family Caricaceae, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is the source of edible fruit and PAPAIN.
Adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group esterified to the sugar moiety in the 2'-, 3'-, or 5'-position.
A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.
Hospital department which administers and provides pathology services.
Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
The beta subunit of human CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN. Its structure is similar to the beta subunit of LUTEINIZING HORMONE, except for the additional 30 amino acids at the carboxy end with the associated carbohydrate residues. HCG-beta is used as a diagnostic marker for early detection of pregnancy, spontaneous abortion (ABORTION, SPONTANEOUS); ECTOPIC PREGNANCY; HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; CHORIOCARCINOMA; or DOWN SYNDROME.
The extent to which an enzyme retains its structural conformation or its activity when subjected to storage, isolation, and purification or various other physical or chemical manipulations, including proteolytic enzymes and heat.
An enzyme of the transferase class that catalyzes the reaction sedoheptulose 7-phosphate and D-glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate to yield D-erythrose 4-phosphate and D-fructose phosphate in the PENTOSE PHOSPHATE PATHWAY. (Dorland, 27th ed) EC
An essential amino acid that is required for the production of HISTAMINE.
A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.
The study of the structure, behavior, growth, reproduction, and pathology of cells; and the function and chemistry of cellular components.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The science concerned with the detection, chemical composition, and biological action of toxic substances or poisons and the treatment and prevention of toxic manifestations.
Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.

High-affinity binding of the AP-1 adaptor complex to trans-golgi network membranes devoid of mannose 6-phosphate receptors. (1/1234)

The GTP-binding protein ADP-ribosylation factor (ARF) initiates clathrin-coat assembly at the trans-Goli network (TGN) by generating high-affinity membrane-binding sites for the AP-1 adaptor complex. Both transmembrane proteins, which are sorted into the assembling coated bud, and novel docking proteins have been suggested to be partners with GTP-bound ARF in generating the AP-1-docking sites. The best characterized, and probably the major transmembrane molecules sorted into the clathrin-coated vesicles that form on the TGN, are the mannose 6-phosphate receptors (MPRs). Here, we have examined the role of the MPRs in the AP-1 recruitment process by comparing fibroblasts derived from embryos of either normal or MPR-negative animals. Despite major alterations to the lysosome compartment in the MPR-deficient cells, the steady-state distribution of AP-1 at the TGN is comparable to that of normal cells. Golgi-enriched membranes prepared from the receptor-negative cells also display an apparently normal capacity to recruit AP-1 in vitro in the presence of ARF and either GTP or GTPgammaS. The AP-1 adaptor is recruited specifically onto the TGN and not onto the numerous abnormal membrane elements that accumulate within the MPR-negative fibroblasts. AP-1 bound to TGN membranes from either normal or MPR-negative fibroblasts is fully resistant to chemical extraction with 1 M Tris-HCl, pH 7, indicating that the adaptor binds to both membrane types with high affinity. The only difference we do note between the Golgi prepared from the MPR-deficient cells and the normal cells is that AP-1 recruited onto the receptor-lacking membranes in the presence of ARF1.GTP is consistently more resistant to extraction with Tris. Because sensitivity to Tris extraction correlates well with nucleotide hydrolysis, this finding might suggest a possible link between MPR sorting and ARF GAP regulation. We conclude that the MPRs are not essential determinants in the initial steps of AP-1 binding to the TGN but, instead, they may play a regulatory role in clathrin-coated vesicle formation by affecting ARF.GTP hydrolysis.  (+info)

OBA/Ku86: DNA binding specificity and involvement in mammalian DNA replication. (2/1234)

Ors-binding activity (OBA) was previously semipurified from HeLa cells through its ability to interact specifically with the 186-basepair (bp) minimal replication origin of ors8 and support ors8 replication in vitro. Here, through competition band-shift analyses, using as competitors various subfragments of the 186-bp minimal ori, we identified an internal region of 59 bp that competed for OBA binding as efficiently as the full 186-bp fragment. The 59-bp fragment has homology to a 36-bp sequence (A3/4) generated by comparing various mammalian replication origins, including the ors. A3/4 is, by itself, capable of competing most efficiently for OBA binding to the 186-bp fragment. Band-shift elution of the A3/4-OBA complex, followed by Southwestern analysis using the A3/4 sequence as probe, revealed a major band of approximately 92 kDa involved in the DNA binding activity of OBA. Microsequencing analysis revealed that the 92-kDa polypeptide is identical to the 86-kDa subunit of human Ku antigen. The affinity-purified OBA fraction obtained using an A3/4 affinity column also contained the 70-kDa subunit of Ku and the DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit. In vitro DNA replication experiments in the presence of A3/4 oligonucleotide or anti-Ku70 and anti-Ku86 antibodies implicate Ku in mammalian DNA replication.  (+info)

Chemical transformations in individual ultrasmall biomimetic containers. (3/1234)

Individual phospholipid vesicles, 1 to 5 micrometers in diameter, containing a single reagent or a complete reaction system, were immobilized with an infrared laser optical trap or by adhesion to modified borosilicate glass surfaces. Chemical transformations were initiated either by electroporation or by electrofusion, in each case through application of a short (10-microsecond), intense (20 to 50 kilovolts per centimeter) electric pulse delivered across ultramicroelectrodes. Product formation was monitored by far-field laser fluorescence microscopy. The ultrasmall characteristic of this reaction volume led to rapid diffusional mixing that permits the study of fast chemical kinetics. This technique is also well suited for the study of reaction dynamics of biological molecules within lipid-enclosed nanoenvironments that mimic cell membranes.  (+info)

Attracting and training more chemical pathologists in the United Kingdom. (4/1234)

I have attempted to define the function of the medical graduate in the clinical biochemistry laboratory and have examined data on recrutiment in the United Kingdom into clinical biochemistry. If trainee pathologists were encouraged to become proficient in both a branch of clinical medicine and in research techniques, the resulting chemical pathologists should be able to improve the consultative and investigative functions of the laboratory. To this end I have suggested some changes in the training regulations and in the role of the chemical pathologists.  (+info)

Binding of cholera toxin B-subunits to derivatives of the natural ganglioside receptor, GM1. (5/1234)

In a previous paper we showed that the B-pentamer of cholera toxin (CT-B) binds with reduced binding strength to different C(1) derivatives of N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc) of the natural receptor ganglioside, GM1. We have now extended these results to encompass two large amide derivatives, butylamide and cyclohexylmethylamide, using an assay in which the glycosphingolipids are adsorbed on hydrophobic PVDF membranes. The latter derivative showed an affinity approximately equal to that earlier found for benzylamide ( approximately 0.01 relative to native GM1) whereas the former revealed a approximately tenfold further reduction in affinity. Another derivative with a charged C(1)-amide group, aminopropylamide, was not bound by the toxin. Toxin binding to C(7) derivatives was reduced by about 50% compared with the native ganglioside. Molecular modeling of C(1) and C(7) derivatives in complex with CT-B gave a structural rationale for the observed differences in the relative affinities of the various derivatives. Loss of or altered hydrogen bond interactions involving the water molecules bridging the sialic acid to the protein was found to be the major cause for the observed drop in CT-B affinity in the smaller derivatives, while in the bulkier derivatives, hydrophobic interactions with the protein were found to partly compensate for these losses.  (+info)

Detection of putative Zn(II) binding sites within Escherichia coli RNA polymerase: inconsistency between sequence-based prediction and 65Zn blotting. (6/1234)

The availability of repeating 'Cys' and/or 'His' units in a particular order prompts the prediction of Zn(II) finger motifs in a protein. Escherichia coli RNA polymerase has two tightly bound Zn(II) per molecule of the enzyme as detected by atomic absorption spectroscopy. One Zn(II) was identified to be at the beta subunit, whereas the other putative Zn(II) binding site has recently been predicted to be at the N-terminal half of the beta' subunit, from primary sequence analysis. We show here that the beta' subunit has no ability to bind 65Zn(II). On the other hand, the N-terminal domain of the alpha subunit has strong Zn(II) binding ability with no obvious functional implications.  (+info)

Regulation of F-actin binding to platelet moesin in vitro by both phosphorylation of threonine 558 and polyphosphatidylinositides. (7/1234)

Activation of human platelets with thrombin transiently increases phosphorylation at (558)threonine of moesin as determined with phosphorylation state-specific antibodies. This specific modification is completely inhibited by the kinase inhibitor staurosporine and maximally promoted by the phosphatase inhibitor calyculin A, making it possible to purify the two forms of moesin to homogeneity. Blot overlay assays with F-actin probes labeled with either [32P]ATP or 125I show that only phosphorylated moesin interacts with F-actin in total platelet lysates, in moesin antibody immunoprecipitates, and when purified. In the absence of detergents, both forms of the isolated protein are aggregated. Phosphorylated, purified moesin co-sediments with alpha- or beta/gamma-actin filaments in cationic, but not in anionic, nonionic, or amphoteric detergents. The interaction affinity is high (Kd, approximately 1.5 nM), and the maximal moesin:actin stoichiometry is 1:1. This interaction is also observed in platelets extracted with cationic but not with nonionic detergents. In 0.1% Triton X-100, F-actin interacts with phosphorylated moesin only in the presence of polyphosphatidylinositides. Thus, both polyphosphatidylinositides and phosphorylation can activate moesin's high-affinity F-actin binding site in vitro. Dual regulation by both mechanisms may be important for proper cellular control of moesin-mediated linkages between the actin cytoskeleton and the plasma membrane.  (+info)

Oligonucleotide-peptide conjugates as potential antisense agents. (8/1234)

Oligonucleotide-peptide conjugates have several applications, including their potential use as improved antisense agents for interfering with the RNA function within cells. In order to provide robust and generally applicable conjugation chemistry, we developed a novel approach of fragment coupling of pre-synthesized peptides to the 2'-position of a selected nucleotide within an otherwise protected oligonucleotide chain attached to a solid support.  (+info)

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A position of a research assistant within the Specialist series (Junior Specialist) is available in the laboratories of Dr. Sihem Cheloufi and Dr. Jernej Murn at the Department of Biochemistry at the University of California, Riverside. Both laboratories collaborate closely and share research interests in the areas of stem cells, neuroscience and cancer biology with a particular focus on chromatin and RNA biochemistry.. A strong candidate will have a BA or BS in biology or a related field and have some experience in biochemistry, molecular biology, cell biology and genetics. A successful applicant will conduct closely-supervised research and provide technical assistance to both labs. Competitive salary and benefits will be provided. The initial appointment will be for one or two years with a possible extension for a longer period.. The position is available starting immediately. Interested candidates should contact Dr. Cheloufi ([email protected]) or Dr. Murn ([email protected]) by ...
The degrees sharpen your research skills as you study advanced biochemistry concepts. Though focused on biochemistry, you can take several courses outside the department to round out the degree. Research and coursework continues through summers while youre enrolled.. You can earn your degree three ways at Bradley. If you want to pursue a research-based thesis option, you can earn a M.S. If you want a coursework-focused degree, you can earn a M.A. Both degrees are available as traditional two-year programs or as five-year integrated degrees. If youre interested in the accelerated degree, you apply as a junior and begin graduate courses as a senior.. ...
Research Fellow, Molecular Biology Department, Cancer center and Center for Regenerative Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, 2011- ...
Bacterial transcription regulation. Bacteria transcribe their genomes with the help of multi-subunit RNA polymerases (RNAPs), which comprise two large β and β subunits that form the active site, two regulatory α subunits and an ω subunit that supports RNAP assembly. The α2ββω core enzyme cooperates with transcription factors and responds to signals on DNA templates and nascent RNAs to achieve full functionality in vivo. For example, elongating RNAP frequently enters an elemental paused state, and pausing can be stabilized by an RNA hairpin invading the RNA exit tunnel or by RNAP backtracking. RNA synthesis is terminated intrinsically, when the elongation complex transcribes a stable RNA hairpin followed by a uridine-rich stretch, or with the aid of transcription termination factor ρ. Pausing and termination can be further modulated by elongation factors, such as N-utilization substances A and G. Some regulatory factors or RNAs can stably insulate RNAP from the destabilizing effects of ...
Stauber - A FRET sensor of C-terminal movement reveals VRAC activation by plasma membrane DAG signaling rather than ionic strength. ...
Translation produces proteins in the cell that are the major determinants of cellular functions. The unexpected gap between the expression of the genome at the level of transcriptome and proteome demonstrates the pervasiveness and importance of translational regulation. Regulation at the translational level not only provides a fine-tuned control in gene expression, but also offers the cell an opportunity to rapidly respond to internal cellular cues and external stimuli without invoking nuclear events that involve transcription, messenger RNA processing and transport. In all organisms, translation is catalyzed in the ribosome, an extraordinary molecular machine in every living cell. Ribosome consists of two asymmetrical subunits that carry out different, but closely related functions. The small subunit (40S) decodes the genetic information in mRNAs, and the large subunit (60S) makes peptide bonds in proteins. Translation is a complex, multistep cellular process generally divided into four stages: ...
The research goal of this laboratory is to identify all of the eukaryotic translation initiation factors and determine their sequential utilization in the initiation pathway. A secondary goal is to characterize how the initiation pathway is regulated and the different consequences depending on the exact point of regulation. Current research is focusing on two major aspects of translation initiation, cap-dependent and cap-independent (or internal) initiation. Although much of the gross work has been determined using hemoglobin mRNA as a model mRNA, it has become clear that other elements influence both the regulation and mechanism of translation initiation in mammalian systems. Within the realm of cap-dependent translation, we are examining the influence of individual initiation factors on both overall affect on translation initiation and the affect of increased or decreased levels of initiation factors on start site selection in mRNAs containing in frame start sites which yield two proteins, one ...
Snijder, B., R. Sacher, P. Ramo, P. Liberali, K. Mench, N. Wolfrum, L. Burleigh, C.C. Scott, M.H. Verheije, J. Mercer, S. Moese, T. Heger, K. Theusner, A. Jurgeit, D. Lamparter, G. Balistreri, M. Schelhaas, C.A. De Haan, V. Marjomaki, T. Hyypia, P.J. Rottier, B. Sodeik, M. Marsh, J. Gruenberg, A. Amara, U. Greber, A. Helenius, and L. Pelkmans. 2012. Single-cell analysis of population context advances RNAi screening at multiple levels. Mol Syst Biol. 8:579 ...
Biochemistry or just biochemistry, will be the investigation of molecular procedures transpiring in and relevant to residing things. A subdivision of biology and chemistry, biochemistry is usually divided further into 3 disciplines: metabolic biology, enzymology, and biophysical chemistry. It also comprises of approaches these kinds of as protein conversation, signal transduction, and vigor dynamics. Additionally to those a number of subdisciplines, there exist a lot of areas of investigate similar towards typical subjects of biochemistry.. One with the serious regions of homework reword this paragraph from the field of biochemistry is developmental biology. This scientific studies the event of residing details from their origins from the fossiliferous to their emergence while in the living planet. Modern scientific tests have focused on knowing biological units at the molecular amount. The focus has long been a lot more on how molecular systems and their mechanisms communicate with one another ...
Biochemistry or simply biochemistry, is considered the investigation of molecular processes developing in and relevant to residing items. A subdivision of biology and chemistry, biochemistry may be divided further more into 3 disciplines: metabolic biology, enzymology, and biophysical chemistry. It also features techniques like as protein interaction, signal transduction, and power dynamics. In addition to these numerous subdisciplines, there exist a lot of regions of researching similar to the general subject areas of biochemistry.. One within the important parts of study in the area of biochemistry is developmental biology. This experiments the development of living important things from their origins on the fossiliferous for their emergence on the living world. Recent studies have centered on figuring out organic methods for the molecular level. The main focus is actually additional on how molecular solutions and their mechanisms interact with each other to generate your complete approach of ...
Born 1943. 1967 Graduation in Medicine cum laude. Since 1980: full professor of Biochemistry. 1980-83 Medical School of the University of Sassari; 1983-2000 professor of Medical Chemistry and Clinical Biochemistry Faculty of Medicine of the University of Torino. Since 2000 professor of Clinical Biochemistry. Since 1993 Director of the School of Clinical Biochemistry (Department of Genetics, Biology and Biochemistry, University of Torino). His work has always been focused on the molecular bases of the diseases, investigated with the current technology.. Nato nel 1943. Laurea in Medicina nel 1967 con 110 e lode e dignita di stampa, vincitore del Premio Lepetit per la migliore tesi dellanno Professore ordinario di Biochimica dal 1980, dal 1980 al 1983 Direttore dellIstituto di Chimica Biologica dellUniversità di Sassari. Dal 1983 professore di Chimica Medica, Corso di Laurea in Odontoiatria, Università di Torino. Dal 1997 Professore di Biochimica Clinica nel C.d.L. in Medicina. Direttore dal ...
Course InstructorCourse NameSummer 2008Fall2008Spring 2009BIOC 2011Biochemistry for the Agricultural and Health Sciences FuchsArmitageBIOC 3021-6021BiochemistryAdolphRoonLaPorteRoonSchottelAdolph Hooper SilicianoBIOC 3960Research Topics in Biochemistry LaPorteLaPorteBIOC 4025Laboratory in Biochemistry KazlauskasLangeBIOC 4125Laboratory in Molecular Biology and BiotechnologyDas
Metabolic pathways with a mechanistic perspective including regulation and control of carbohydrate, lipid, amino acid, and nucleotide catabolism and anabolism. Oxidative- and photo-phosphorylation. The biochemistry and molecular biology of signal transduction, replication, DNA repair, transcription, translation, and gene regulation. Credit will only be granted for one of BIOC 305 or BIOL 319. [3-0-0 ...
William Norman Bigler, American chemistry educator, biochemist. Achievements include research in biochemistry of cell division, regulatory enzymes; effects of ionizing radiation and slime molds; high pressure liquid chromatography; von Hipple-Lindau syndrome. National Institutes of Health fellow University California, Los Angeles, 1968-1970.
Chemistry of Life: geometry of covalent bonds, key functional groups, characteristics and importance of noncovalent interactions; properties of water, pH and buffering; carbohydrate and nucleic acid structure. Protein structure: amino acids, primary, secondary, tertiary and quarternary structure. Biological membranes: types and structure of lipids; fluid mosaic model, phospholipid bilayer, membrane fluidity and the role of cholesterol, proteins in membranes, use of detergents to solubilize cell membranes and membrane proteins.. Enzymes: thermodynamics of catalysis, types and mechanisms of enzymes, substrate binding, active site, specificity and rate of reaction, effect of temperature, pH, concentration, Michaelis-Menten, Lineweaver-Burk, enzyme inhibition/regulation: reversible, non-reversible, allosteric molecules.. Biochemical and biophysical methods: Protein folding, the Levinthal paradox, diseases in protein folding. Protein purification and detection methods, chromatography, ...
I should like to compare this rearrangement which the proteins undergo in the animal or vegetable organism to the making up of a railroad train. In their passage through the body parts of the whole may be left behind, and here and there new parts added on. In order to understand fully the change we must remember that the proteins are composed of Bausteine united in very different ways. Some of them contain Bausteine of many kinds. The multiplicity of the proteins is determined by many causes, first through the differences in the nature of the constituent Bausteine; and secondly, through differences in the arrangement of them. The number of Bausteine which may take part in the formation of the proteins is about as large as the number of letters in the alphabet. When we consider that through the combination of letters an infinitely large number of thoughts may be expressed, we can understand how vast a number of the properties of the organism may be recorded in the small space which is occupied by ...
Any international student with an F-1 Visa employed by any company in the form of an internship, co-op, or practicum must enroll in a CPT course. The CPT experience is to be complimentary training to the students curriculum and should contribute substantially to his/her learning experience. Students must have an offer of employment from a company prior to registering for this course. The CPT must be approved by the Department Head, Director of International Student Services, and the students advisor. Students are required to submit a report at the conclusion of the employment to his/her instructor to receive a grade for the CPT experience. ...
How do bacteria cope when exposed to toxic mercury and how can they be killed using so-called suicide inhibitors? These are a few of the many research topics US biochemist Christopher Walsh has devoted his career as a scientist to. On Thursday, 25 April, Walsh will be honored for his achievements in Braunschweig, Germany: The Harvard professor will receive the 5,000 Euro Inhoffen Medal, the most renowned German award in the field of natural compound chemistry.
Michael Heidelberger, a biochemist credited with discovering that antibodies are proteins, died of a stroke Tuesday in New York. He was 103. Mr. Heidelberger began his research career in 1912 at the
Sherman Beychok, a Columbia University biochemist active in research on the principal blood protein hemoglobin, has died of a heart attack at age 54. Mr. Beychok, who died here last Wednesday, had
Note: Some of these links may no longer be valid. If you discover broken links, please let Dr. Light know at [email protected]) ...
The undergraduate program leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry connects the ever-growing important interface between biology and chemistry. Training emphasizing advanced experimental and theoretical principles is provided in both the biological and chemical sciences, as a foundation for a variety of career paths, including further training in biology, chemistry or biochemistry; molecular biology; and medical or dental school. Students successfully completing the biochemistry curriculum may have their degrees certified by the American Chemical Society. Biochemistry majors are urged to consult with advisers from both the Biology Department and the Chemistry and Biochemistry Department to formulate appropriate programs of study and to explore the numerous career paths available.. ...
The Chemistry and Biochemistry Department offers a course major in Chemistry, a special Major in Biochemistry and a special major in Chemical Physics. Each of these three majors can also be completed as part of the Honors Program. Swarthmore College also offers a major in Educational Studies and Chemistry (with teacher certification) as described on the Educational Studies
The Chemistry and Biochemistry Department is committed to an inclusive environment that celebrates the diversity of its community. We view our opportunity to teach, serve, and interact with many, varied individuals to be a privilege. We will strive to reach, support, and show respect to every person and we expect our community will do the same.. We affirm that the lives and experiences of Black, Indigenous, and People of Color matter, and that we as a community, and as individuals, have a moral obligation to acknowledge, condemn and change hurtful behaviors and structures.. COVID-19 Update, 7/14/20: The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry remains open with limited staffing. If you need to contact the Department, please call 540.568.6246.. Students should contact instructors & advisors via email or Canvas. For all JMU policies, please click here. #defaultregion { padding-top: 24px; } @media all and (min-width:120px){ #defaultregion { padding-top: 0px; } } @media all and (min-width:320px){ ...
Paper:Serum Lipids and Lipoprotein Pattern in Egyptian Newborns. Pediatric and Biochemistry Department, Benha faculty of Medicine. Zagazig University. J A C., Vol. 4, No. 4. , Author:Samia El-Henawy, Amal Idris*, Ismail Abo Ella, Iman Abd El-Rehim, Fouad El-Dabeky* and Mohamed Shalaby , Year:1993 , Faculty of Medicine ,Department of Biochemistry ,Benha University
Biochemistry department dons [pictured from Left Dr. Esther Kanduma, Dr. Martin Mulinge, Dr. Ezekiel Mecha, {Facilitator}, Dr. Patrick Wanjohi, Dr Victor Mobegi, Dr. Christine Adhiambo and Dr. Caroline Wasonga] were trained on pedagogy facilitated by Prof Digolo Obonyo who is the Director of the Centre of Pedagogy and Andragogy.. ...
The Department continues to rank highly for NIH funding among all Biochemistry departments in the US. In 2014, the Department secured 16.4 million in federal funding and ranks 5th.
CHEMISTRY & BIOCHEMISTRY DEPARTMENT. CAL POLY STATE UNIVERSITY. SAN LUIS OBISPO CONSENT FOR THE USE OF REGULATED CARCINOGENS Chemical Name of Carcinogen Amount granted by this document ________________________________ ___________________________ Intended use of the above chemical : ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Instructor requesting the Regulated Materials listed above : _______________________ To be used in Chem _________ by _____________________________ (student ). Granting of this consent is conditional. All users of the above chemicals agree to the following : 1. All uses and operations with the carcinogens above shall be performed within a laboratory exhaust fume hood. Operations include but are not limited to pouring, measuring, heating, cooling, distilling, vacuum distilling, subliming, refluxing, ...
Explore Calvins renowned Chemistry and Biochemistry Department. Learn about our 6 majors and minors, student research, and real-world approach to education.
Taylor Universitys Chemistry and Biochemistry Department engages you in meaningful learning and provides study abroad, research and internship opportunities.
Chemistry & Biochemistry department in the College of Liberal Arts at DePauw. Exploration and advancement of the physical and living world.
December 1994 Warmest Holiday Greetings to All, The Biochemistry Department had no major changes in 1994, but there was a lot of activity in many areas, as usual. Our newest professors, Brad Olwin and Clint Chappie, are quickly building their research groups and have settled into their labs and their new homes in the community. Brad and his wife, Jennifer Martin, also welcomed their second child, Katherine, into the family last December, so their lives have been quite hectic (including a recent bout of chickenpox in the children). Another milestone was celebrated in two ways this fall. Barney and Sara Axelrod both turned 80 in October and observed their 60th wedding anniversary last summer (and they say teenage marriages dont last!). Their daughter, Judy, organized a big family and friends dinner in October in their honor, and on November 11-12 the Department recognized Barney with a dinner and minisymposium. Old friends Harry Beevers, Don Carlson, Jack Dixon, and Joe Villafranca joined us to ...
Biochemistry department dons [pictured from Left Dr. Esther Kanduma, Dr. Martin Mulinge, Dr. Ezekiel Mecha, {Facilitator}, Dr. Patrick Wanjohi, Dr Victor Mobegi, Dr. Christine Adhiambo and Dr. Caroline Wasonga] were trained on pedagogy facilitated by Prof Digolo Obonyo who is the Director of the Centre of Pedagogy and Andragogy.. ...
The MSUM Chemistry & Biochemistry Department offers scholarships for students majoring in chemistry or biochemistry & biotechnology that nearly match the universitys automatic freshman scholarships for students who meet class rank and ACT guidelines.
BSc Medical Biochemistry/MSci Clinical Biochemistry at Middlesex University explores the field of biochemistry with a focus on human biology and medicine.
Scholarship for college juniors enrolled full-time at Angelo State University College of Sciences Chemistry and Biochemistry Department majoring in Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry, or Biochemistry. Students must be transfer students. Deadlines and award amounts may vary.. ...
October 5, 1999 Earl Alisan Evans, PhD, of Chicago, professor emeritus and former chairman of the department of biochemistry and molecular biology at the University of Chicago, died from pneumonia on October 5, 1999. He was 89.. Although Evans was a pioneer in several fields, including the use of radioactive isotopes to study metabolism and the use of a group of viruses known as bacteriophages to study the workings of DNA--research that was crucial to the development of the modern field of molecular biology--he was perhaps best known as a far-sighted, imaginative, and magnanimous leader, who built and maintained one of the top-rated biochemistry departments in the United States during his 30-year chairmanship from 1942 to 1972.. Earl Evans did groundbreaking work in a number of areas then shifted his commitment to finding and supporting other people who did important research, quickly establishing the department as a leader in many different areas and as a place that trained the people who led ...
Professor Emeritus of Berkeleys Biochemistry Department (now a part of Molecular and Cell biology), Roger David Cole, passed away at age 91 in Santa Barbara on March 13, 2016. Cole worked at Berkeley from 1958 until 1992, when he retired as Assistant Dean in the College of Letters and Science. Read more.... ...
Andrew, Hi. The Registry file produced by the database I work at, Chemical Abstracts Service, allows you to do family searches for various types (basic, aromatic, etc.) of hydrophobic/hydrophilic amino acids. You can search our database of 331,000 polypeptide sequences (all the sequences in GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ plus many patent, modified, synthetic, obscure journal sequences not found in other databases). Were not a free database, but the science librarian at your university should know if you already have an STN/CAS account at your school. Well, I hope this helps. Good luck! Roger Roger Granet Phone: (614) 447-3600, ext. 2346 Associate Scientific Information Analyst Internet: rgranet at Biochemistry Department Chemical Abstracts Service P.O. box 3012 Columbus, OH 43210 The views given here are mine only and do not necessarily represent those of anyone else, Chemical Abstracts Service, or the American Chemical Society ...
This is the Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Department at Indiana University Bloomington website. Information you can find on this website includes Biochemistry Graduate Program, faculty, research, and other resources.
Zymeworks Doses First Patient in Phase 1 Trial of ZW25, a Novel Bi-Specific Antibody. Vancouver, BC, September 26, 2016--Zymeworks Inc., a biopharmaceutical company discovering and developing innovative multi-functional protein-based therapeutics, including bi-specific antibodies and drug conjugates for the treatment of cancer, announced today that the first patient was dosed in a Phase 1 clinical trial of ZW25 for treatment of HER2-expressing tumors. C. Myers, clinical biochemist ...
Honors and Awards. 1992 Schoeller-Junkmann Award (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Endokrinologie). 1994 Gerhard-Hess Research Award of the DFG. 1999 Dr. Heinrich Baur Research Award (TU München). 2001 Research Award of the Bund der Freunde der TU München. Outstanding Cooperative Research Activities. BMBF-Sicherheitsforschung: Carry-over of Bt-corn-Genes 2001-2003. DFG-Forschergruppe „Embryo-maternal Communication 2002-2008. DFG-Forschergruppe „Probiotics in the Pig 2004-2007. BMBF FUGATO project: REMEDY energy deficiency in cows 2008-2011. DFG SFB 852 Pig Nutrition and Microbiota 2010-2013. International and Conference Organization. Organization of International Workshops and Conferences in Chile. European siRNA Workshop (Ambion). Host-Institute for Exchange Scientists from Eastern Europe, Africa, South-America and Asia. Editor of International Journals and Panel Membership. Editorial Board of the Journal of European Food Research and Technology. Editorial Board of the Journal of Animal ...
Claudiu Supuran, a Highly Cited Chemist and Biochemist - by ALEXANDRU T. BALABAN; Hirsch, carbonic anhydrase isoforms, QSAR, organic chemistry; Thesis Design of inhibitors and activators of carbonic anhydrase
The biochemist, Fred Sanger, a former Head of the LMBs PNAC Division, has died aged 95. He had the rare distinction of winning the Nobel Prize twice, in
DALLAS Sept. 29 2004 Dr. Steven McKnight chairman of biochemistry ...The award $500000 per year for five years is in its inaugural ye...Dr. McKnight the only winner from Texas is one of nine researcher... There is nothing about science that captivates me more than the sh...One of the most significant turns Dr. McKnight took in his career w...,UT,Southwestern,biochemist,honored,with,NIH,Directors,Pioneer,Award,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Highlights Energy II. 1. Metabolic pathways (metabolism = chemical reactions of cells) are usually either catabolic (large molecules broken down to smaller ones) or anabolic (smaller molecules built up into larger ones).. 2. Catabolic pathways usually involve oxidation and release energy. Anabolic pathways usually involve reduction and require energy.. 3. NAD+ gains electrons from an oxidation reaction to become NADH. Electron carriers are essential for biological oxidations. FAD gains electrons from an oxidation reaction to become FADH2. 4. For every oxidation (loss of electrons) there is a reduction (gain of electrons). NAD+, NADP+, and FAD are common acceptors of electrons. Biological molecules are common sources of electrons (as well as acceptors of electrons, depending on the reaction).. 5. Electron carriers must be recycled in the cell.. Highlights Carbohydrates. 1. Carbohydrates are sugar-related compounds (also called saccharides). They are polyhydroxyaldehydes and polyhydroxyketones ...
Highlights Lipids II. 1. Steroids are compounds with ring structures that are made from cholesterol. Steroids include sex hormones (androgens, estrogens, etc.) and in animals are derived from cholesterol. Cholesterol is an important constituent of animal membranes, giving them integrity.. 2. Glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids form lipid bilayers, not micelles. 3. Cellular membranes are sensitive to temperature. The higher the temperature, the more fluid the membrane. The fluidity of a membrane is related to the fatty acids in it. Membranes with shorter and more unsaturated fatty acids are fluid at lower temperatures than membranes with longer and more saturated fatty acids. The higher the temperature, the more disorder in a lipid bilayer.. 4. Cholesterol fits into the non-polar portion of the lipid bilayer.. 5. In addition to lipids, membranes also contain proteins. Integral membrane proteins project through both sides of the lipid bilayer. Associated membrane proteins are found near, but ...
Marshall Warren Nirenberg, American biochemist and corecipient, with Robert William Holley and Har Gobind Khorana, of the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. He was cited for his role in deciphering the genetic code. He demonstrated that, with the exception of
Download clinical biochemistry by Allan Gaw,Michael Murphy,Rajeev Srivastava,Robert Cowan,Denis OReilly for Biochemistry students University of Nigeria [clinical biochemistry,core biochemistry,hyponatraemia,hypernatraemia - 95]
Biochemist Needed for Employment, Skill:Good team player null : Job Requirements :Location: Lagos Available Slot: 6 Type: Permanent Juan Industries is one of the proud leading chemical industry with both locally and internationally recognition and standards. We are engaged in
Liz Bonnin is a biochemist, wild animal biologist, and BBC television presenter, known for hosting various science, nature, and wildlife programming. Her new show, Mission Galápagos, is due to air this spring
The average analytical biochemist salary in District of Columbia, United States is $83,720 or an equivalent hourly rate of $40. Salary estimates based on salary survey data collected directly from employers and anonymous employees in District of Columbia, United States.
Biochemistry instructors are inundated with various representations from which to choose to depict biochemical phenomena. Because of the immense amount of visual know-how needed to be an expert biochemist in the 21st century, there have been calls for instructors to develop biochemistry students' visual literacy. However, visual literacy has multiple aspects, and determining which area to develop can be quite daunting. Therefore, the goals of this study were to determine what visual literacy skills biochemistry instructors deem to be most important and how instructors develop and assess visual literacy skills in their biochemistry courses. In order to address these goals, a needs assessment was administered to a national sample of biochemistry faculty at four-year colleges and universities. Based on the results of the survey, a cluster analysis was conducted to group instructors into categories based on how they intended to develop visual literacy in their courses. A
In the field of education, the staff of the Department of Medical and Clinical Biochemistry provide teaching of a number of subjects (Medical Chemistry, Medical Biochemistry, Clinical Biochemistry, and Laboratory Diagnostic Methods in Public Health) for the students of Bachelor, doctoral, and PhD degree programmes at the UPJŠ Faculty of Medicine in Košice ( The courses taught at the Institute provide students with theoretical foundations of metabolic processes occurring in the body with an emphasis on clinical and biochemical diagnoses of possible disorders. The Institute employees contribute to improvement of the educational process by employing regular innovation of teaching materials (books, textbooks), as well as by preparing their e-versions, which are available for the students at the UPJŠ FM Portal (, and also through WikiSkript or ...
FACULTY POSITIONS/TEMPORARY FACULTY/ACADEMIC POSITIONS. ********************. California University of Pennsylvania, Organic Chemistry/Biochemist. Application Due: 11/11/2004. This is a tenure track faculty appointment. Salary and rank are competitive and commensurate with academic preparation and experience. An excellent fringe benefits package is included. The position is for an organic chemist with the ability to teach a biochemistry course or courses. Duties for the position will include teaching 24 credit hours per academic year in introductory and advanced courses in chemistry and will require hires to actively participate in ACS Certification of the Chemistry program. A Ph.D. in the chemical sciences is required and applicants must excel in teaching organic chemistry. Successful candidates for the position must have a strong motivation to teach at the undergraduate level, interest in developing integrated lecture/laboratory courses, a desire to enhance the laboratory experience for ...
Aim: To investigate relationship between serum TSH and lipid parameters in subjects with different levels of TSH. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Clinical Biochemistry Department of Kasturba Medical College, Hospital Mangalore, between January 2014 to June 2014. Methodology: 348 subjects were screened of which 194 were selected. Lipid parameters, TSH, T3, T4 and glycemic status were determined. Association between TSH and serum lipids were studied by categorizing subjects into three groups based on their thyroid status. Group 1 [TSH= 0.27-2.5 mIU/L], Group 2 [TSH= 2.6-4.12 mIU/L] and Group 3 [TSH= 4.13-9.9mIU/L].Statistical analysis was performed by ANOVA followed by Tukeys multiple comparison test. The relationships between TSH and different parameters were evaluated by Pearsons correlation analysis. Results: TSH showed a significant positive linear correlation with total cholesterol (r=0.288; P = 0.001), Triglycerides (r=0.129; P=0.016), LDL cholesterol ...
I have started a new web site,, as a hobby. Great you say..... well im about to graduate from MSU with my BS in Biochemistry, and after many hours on the web I have yet to find a site dedicated to the publishing and/or discussion of topics pertaining to Biochemistry (eg. protein biosynthesis).. So if there is anyone out there who is looking for a FREE place to publish please feel free to email me or visit my web site. michael biochemist at ...
Chemistry and Biochemistry Department is to provide students with an excellent foundation in chemistry, encompassing both theoretical concepts and practical applications, and to prepare them for the next step in their chosen career paths.
Challenging courses like Physical Chemistry prepared me for my job where I am expected to quickly learn complex information, such as the anatomy of the human brain. The laboratory skills I developed in Advanced Biochemistry Lab are very likely what enabled me to land the job I have. I also gained independence and confidence through my undergraduate research and experience presenting my research at both Suffolk and the American Chemical Society (ACS meeting) in San Francisco. The support I had from my research advisor, Dr. Denyce Wicht, and my CHEM 428/429 professor and classmates were invaluable. The strong positive female role models I had in the Chemistry and Biochemistry department have inspired me greatly. I am so proud to be an alumna of the department.. ...
Education and training Undergraduate 9/78-6/82 University of California, Davis B.S. 1982 Biochemistry Department of Biochemistry cum laude Davis, CA GRADUATE 9/82-987 University of California, Berkeley Ph. D. 1987 Microbial Genetics/ Department of Microbiology and Pathogenic Mechanisms Immunology Berkeley, CA Advisor: Dennis E. Ohman, Ph. D. POST-GRADUATE Post-doctoral fellow 10/87-6/90 Research Institute of Scripps Clinic Microbial Genetics/ Department of Molecular Biology Vaccine Development La Jolla, CA Advisor: Magdalene So, Ph. D. Research Associate Howard Hughes Medical Institute Immunology/Microbial 6/90-12/93 Albert Einstein College of Medicine Pathogenesis Bronx, NY Advisor: Barry R. Bloom, Ph. D.. ...
The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry is approved by the American Chemical Society providing students a curriculum to earn an ACS-certified degree in chemistry in addition to their undergraduate degrees in chemistry and biochemistry. There are also numerous graduate programs offered including a combined BS/MS and an MS in Chemistry with an optional concentration in Biochemistry. Our graduate programs prepare students to advance the frontiers of knowledge and to assume positions of leadership within the scientific and business communities.. Located in Richardson Hall, we have teaching laboratories for introductory, general, organic, physical, analytical and biochemistry courses. Research and instrument labs fill the remaining spaces, used for both coursework and faculty and student research. When using the labs it is important to know the safety protocols, information found on the Safety Manuals & Resources page. We also abide by the principals or green chemistry, both in our teachings and ...
Dr. Tattersall received his B.Sc. in Molecular Biology from the University of Glasgow, Scotland in 1968, and his doctorate from University College, London, England, in 1971, for studies on parvoviral DNA structure, replication and S-phase dependence, carried out at the Imperial Cancer Research Fund (ICRF), now Cancer UK. Then followed two years of postdoctoral fellowship at the Roche Institute of Molecular Biology, in Nutley, New Jersey, where he worked out the structural protein strategy of these viruses, and then two further years in Yale Universitys Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry Department, where he formulated the rolling hairpin model for parvoviral DNA replication. In 1975, he returned to the UK, working at the ICRFs Mill Hill Laboratories on parvoviral interactions with differentiating cells. He moved back to Yale University in 1979, initially on the faculty of the Department of Genetics and then in Laboratory Medicine, where he was appointed professor in 1993. His laboratory ...
The Brandeis University Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Facility (BrUNMR) is open to all members of the Brandeis research community who require solution state NMR for their work. It is comprised of four well-equipped spectrometers ranging in magnetic fields from 400 to 800 MHz.. Varian Inova 400 is primarily used by the chemistry department as a walk-up instrument for small molecule analysis.. Varian Inova 500 and 600 are heavily used by the chemistry and biochemistry departments for multidimensional structural and dynamic studies of biomolecules.. Bruker Avance 800 (located in the Landsman Research Facility) is a state-of-the-art regional facility instrument available to all NIH-funded researchers.. ...
Digital Access Code: When you buy an eBook you will receive an email with your unique redemption code code. Simply go to VitalSource Bookshelf to download the FREE Bookshelf software. After installation, enter your redemption code for your eBook. Please note: eBooks are available for download immediately and cannot be returned once purchased.. About the book: For one or two semester biochemistry courses (science majors). A highly visual, precise and fresh approach to guide todays mixed-science majors to a deeper understanding of biochemistry.. Biochemistry: Concepts and Connections engages students in the rapidly evolving field of biochemistry, better preparing them for the challenges of 21st century science through quantitative reasoning skills and a rich, chemical perspective on biological processes. The full text downloaded to your computer. With VitalSource eBooks you can: ...
Stem cells are not a fad, there are those who have been working for two decades in this field, and therefore the union between this esteemed university and this young and talented biotech company is good news for the country, for the world and for science-everyone should applaud.. A meeting to confirm the Asia-Pacific Symposium alliance was attended by Kevin Maisey, Ph.D., and Jorge LaPorte, Ph.D., both representing the Biology and Biochemistry Department of the University of Santiago. University Dean Silvia Ferrada Vergara has validated the agreement, which will be announces at the Asia-Pacific Conference in July.. For more information, visit the Global Stem Cells Group website, email bnovas(at)stemcellsgroup(dot)com, or call +1 305 560 5337.. About Global Stem Cell Group:. Global Stem Cells Group, Inc. is the parent company of six wholly owned operating companies dedicated entirely to stem cell research, training, products and solutions. Founded in 2012, the company combines dedicated ...
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The Preclinical Pharmacology Core is located in two contiguous labs (L4.244/L4.245) on the 4th floor of the Green Science Building (L Building) within the Biochemistry Department.. ...
Today and Latest: Dr Lawrence Chuku, a senior lecturer with University of Port Harcourt in the biochemistry department has faulted Rev Dr Chris Oyakhilomes teachings on
Indoor patient attendants at the Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, will not have to scurry around to collect laboratory reports of the biochemistry department to show them to doctors on rounds, as by September-end, these will be made available online to the physicians and could be seen on smart phones.
The irreducibly complex biochemical systems that I have discussed in this book did not have to be produced recently. It is entirely possible, based simply on an examination of the systems themselves, that they were designed billions of years ago and that they have been passed down to the present by the normal processes of cellular reproduction. Perhaps a speculative scenario will illustrate the point. Suppose that nearly four billion years ago the designer made the first cell, already containing all of the irreducibly complex biochemical systems discussed here and many others. (One can postulate that the designs for systems that were to be used later, such as blood clotting, were present but not turned on. In present-day organisms plenty of genes are turned off for a while, sometimes for generations, to be turned on at a later time.) Additionally. suppose the designer placed into the cell some other systems for which we cannot adduce enough evidence to conclude design. The cell containing the ...
The speaker for our June 8, 2019 meeting will be Adam Cohen, MD, Penn Medicine. Dr. Cohen will give us an overview of immunotherapy and its role in the treatment of multiple myeloma. As you probably know, there has been tremendous progress recently in the use immunotherapy to treat many forms of cancer, including multiple myeloma. ...
CBstat is a statistics program dedicated to the field of clinical biochemistry. The main areas covered are method evaluation and comparison, estimation of reference intervals, and diagnostic test evaluation, inclusive ROC plots. Additionally, general statistical routines are available for description and comparison of data. Modern computerized statistical procedures are included for estimation of standard errors, e.g. the jackknife and bootstrap principles.
Review Graduate Program details of Clinical Biochemistry in Colchester United Kingdom from University of Essex. |p|The University of Essex is one of the UK´s leading academic institutions, ranked ninth nationally for research excellence following the last Research Assessment Exercise...
The primary mission of the Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry is to serve the public interest in health care by providing leadership in clinical laboratory science to national professional societies, the diagnostics ...
With our dedicated customer support team, 30-day no-questions-asked return policy, and our price match guarantee, you can rest easy knowing that were doing everything we can to save you time, money, and stress.. ...
The Beginners Guides are an ongoing series of feature articles in the magazine, each one covering a key technique and offering the scientifically literate but not necessarily expert audience a background briefing on the underlying science of a technique that is (or will be) widely used in molecular bioscience. The series will cover a mixture of techniques, including some that are well established amongst a subset of our readership but not necessarily familiar to those in different specialisms. This is a Beginners Guide to imaging in vivo tumour biochemistry. ...
X-ray crystallography is a technique used by biochemist to determine the three dimensional structure of an enzyme, protein, molecule, etc. Although the technique requires the molecule to be able to be crystallized it has helped scientist discover how drugs can prevent certain enzyme from reacting. By determining the three dimensional structure of the protein or enzyme scientists can determine how enzyme folds and binds. From that information, scientists can design certain drugs that only stop that enzyme. For example, scientists used x-ray crystallography to determine the structure of the COX enzyme that is responsible for arthritis. Now that the scientists know the three dimensional structure of the COX enzyme, they can create drugs that would be able to stop it, such as aspirin. Therefore X-ray crystallography is a powerful tool that biochemist and scientists can use to discover new drugs that can prevent certain enzymes from activating.. ...
By Emma Pettengale, Commissioning Editor, Portland Press Why the molecular? Molecular biosciences explore the structure and function of biomolecules within your cells and the processes that allow cells to live, reproduce and communicate with each other. Biomolecules are the building blocks for all life on Earth, from the simplest viruses, through bacteria to complex eukaryotic organisms…
Tanya Schneiders research interests broadly include the biosynthesis and molecular recognition of natural products, with a current focus on antibiotics and bacterial quorum sensing molecules. Her undergraduate research group uses techniques from chemistry, molecular biology and biochemistry to consider new routes to mitigate the problem of antibiotic resistance.. Professor Schneider is the 2016 recipient of the Helen Mulvey Faculty Award for Fostering Student Achievement. The award was created in 2012 and is presented to a faculty member who excels at engaging students intellectually and teaching them to love learning. She is particularly interested in connecting biochemistry course content with current research whenever possible, and has developed lab projects for the course that allow students to ask new questions in the field of biosynthesis.. In 2011, Professor Schneider received a Cottrell College Science Award from Research Corporation for Science Advancement in support of her project ...
Lead a drug metabolism lab focusing on the assessment of cellular disposition mechanisms and kinetics in support of all therapeutic modalities (small molecules, oligonucleotides and therapeutic proteins) by using state-of-the-art in vitro models to reduce animal experiments (3R). Evaluate, develop and implement a wide variety of experimental cellular systems including primary cells, micropatterned and microfluidic cell systems to generate cellular kinetic data which enable the translation to in vivo pharmacokinetic parameters and the quantitative prediction of the fate of compounds in different human populations Evaluate the results and their relevance, document in form of internal/regulatory reports and publications, as well as communicate them to various stakeholders Build and maintain close relationship with the different stakeholders across mechanistic ADME and Safety, the DMPK project leader group, Modeling and Simulation and other relevant functions within Pharmaceutical Sciences and pRED Basel.
You can get structure and not just protein spaghetti because the movement of peptide backbones is restricted by the nature of the peptide bond. Atoms (like individual carbons (Cs), hydrogens (Hs), oxygens (Os), and nitrogens (Ns) are really small, but theyre made up of even smaller things - subatomic particles. These include protons, which are positively-charged, neutrons, which are non-charged, and electrons, which are negatively-charged. Atoms join together to form molecules by sharing pairs of electrons to form strong covalent bonds - 1 pair for a single bond, 2 for a double (which is stronger), and 3 for a triple. Peptide bonds are a type of amide bond - they involve a carbonyl (-(C=O)-) attached to a nitrogen. And theyre special because the nitrogen, oxygen, and Cα (the carbon hookup up to the side chain) have to be aligned in the same plane in order for them to share electrons through resonance (electron delocalization), a phenomenon whereby atoms donate their extra electrons ...
The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecules storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters. ...
By Derry K Mercer, Principal Scientist at Novabiotics Ltd & member of the Biochemical Society Policy Advisory Panel From cradle to grave, antimicrobials have become pivotal in safeguarding the overall health of human societies. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the biggest threats to global health today. Recently,…
Steroid Biochemistry and Pharmacology by Briggs and Brotherton, Academic Press.. *^ Wright AS, Thomas LN, Douglas RC, Lazier CB ... Biochemistry[edit]. Steroidogenesis, showing the relation between several androgens, is at bottom left. Estrone and estradiol, ...
Applications in biochemistry[edit]. Coomassie Brilliant Blue R-250 was first used to visualise proteins in 1964 by Fazekas de ... Papers published in biochemistry journals frequently refer to these dyes simply as "Coomassie" without specifying which dye was ... that were developed for use in the textile industry but are now commonly used for staining proteins in analytical biochemistry ... Analytical Biochemistry. 209 (2): 258-266. doi:10.1006/abio.1993.1117. PMID 7682385.. ...
Biochemistry[edit]. SOD out-competes damaging reactions of superoxide, thus protecting the cell from superoxide toxicity. The ...
Biochemistry[edit]. This figure shows ten proposed disease mechanisms for ALS and the genes associated with them.[79] ...
"Journal of Biochemistry Education. 8 (2): 12. doi:10.16923/reb.v8i2.215.. *^ Garrett RH, Grisham CM (2013). Biochemistry. ... "Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education. 41 (4): 242-50. doi:10.1002/bmb.20694. PMID 23625877.. ... Rendina G (1976). Experimental Methods in Modern Biochemistry. Philadelphia, PA: W. B. Saunders Company. pp. 46-55. ISBN ... Applications in biochemistry[edit]. Spectrophotometry is an important technique used in many biochemical experiments that ...
Use in biochemistry[edit]. The factor Xa protease can be used in biochemistry to cleave off protein tags that improve ... European Journal of Biochemistry. 218 (1): 153-63. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1993.tb18361.x. PMID 8243461.. ...
The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 88 (1): 69-77. doi:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2003.10.008. ISSN 0960-0760. PMID ...
Detergents in biochemistry and biotechnology[edit]. In solution, detergents help solubilize a variety of chemical species by ... Popular surfactants in the biochemistry laboratory are sodium lauryl sulfate (SDS) and cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). ...
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior. 119: 22-38. doi:10.1016/j.pbb.2013.09.005. PMID 24056025.. ...
Biochemistry of CAM. Plants with CAM must control storage of CO2 and its reduction to branched carbohydrates in space and time ...
Biochemistry[edit]. Structure[edit]. Cholecalciferol is one of the five forms of vitamin D.[32] Cholecalciferol is a ...
In biochemistry and pharmacology, a ligand is a substance that forms a complex with a biomolecule to serve a biological purpose ... In contrast to the definition of ligand in metalorganic and inorganic chemistry, in biochemistry it is ambiguous whether the ... This article is about ligands in biochemistry. For ligands in inorganic chemistry, see Ligand. For other uses, see Ligand ( ... Retrieved from " ...
Biochemistry[edit]. In biochemistry and molecular biology, a residue refers to a specific monomer within the polymeric chain of ...
In biochemistry, intercalation is the insertion of molecules between the planar bases of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). This ... Retrieved from "" ...
Biochemistry[edit]. Steroidogenesis, showing pregnenolone near top left.. Biosynthesis[edit]. Pregnenolone is synthesized from ...
Biochemistry[edit]. Human steroidogenesis, showing estriol at bottom right.[14] In essence, it follows the pathway from ... Puri (1 January 2005). Textbook Of Biochemistry. Elsevier India. pp. 793-. ISBN 978-81-8147-844-3. .. ...
Biochemistry[edit]. In 2008, a study was carried out on the anatomical structure of the leaf and drought resistance of 4 ...
See also: Breast development § Biochemistry. The development of secondary sex characteristics in women is driven by estrogens, ... Ryan KJ (August 1982). "Biochemistry of aromatase: significance to female reproductive physiology". Cancer Research. 42 (8 ... The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry. 23 (7): 725-32. doi:10.1016/j.jnutbio.2011.03.015. PMID 21839626.. ...
Biochemistry[edit]. GH has a short biological half-life of about 10 to 20 minutes.[39][40] ...
... in food preservation and biochemistry[edit]. See also: Warmed-over flavor ... Nitrite is also important in biochemistry as a source of the potent vasodilator nitric oxide. In organic chemistry the NO−. 2 ...
Genetics and biochemistry of hair color[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by ...
2004). Biochemistry Vol 1 3rd ed. Wiley: Hoboken, NJ.. *^ Sankaranarayanan R, Moras D (2001). "The fidelity of the translation ... Biochemistry. Chemical structure of the peptide bond (bottom) and the three-dimensional structure of a peptide bond between an ... Main articles: Biochemistry, Amino acid, and Peptide bond. Most proteins consist of linear polymers built from series of up to ... Nelson DL, Cox MM (2005). Lehninger's Principles of Biochemistry (4th ed.). New York, New York: W. H. Freeman and Company.. ...
Biochemistry[edit]. Energy expenditure breakdown[16]. Liver. 27%. Brain. 19%. Skeletal Muscle. 18%. ...
a b c d Biochemistry Reference Ranges at Good Hope Hospital Retrieved 8 November 2009[better source needed] ... "Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior. 83 (3): 441-7. doi:10.1016/j.pbb.2006.03.005. PMC 2249754. PMID 16631247.. ... Baynes J, Dominiczak M (2009). Medical biochemistry. Mosby Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-323-05371-6.. ... Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology. 135 (2): 263-70. doi:10.1016/s1095-6433(03 ...
Biochemistry[edit]. Excess carbohydrates in the body are converted to palmitic acid. Palmitic acid is the first fatty acid ...
Biochemistry[edit]. The histidine-bound heme group of succinate dehydrogenase, an electron carrier in the mitochondrial ... a b c Board review series (BRS)-- Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Genetics (fifth edition): Swanson, Kim, Glucksman ...
Biochemistry[edit]. The biochemistry of insect flight has been a focus of considerable study. While many insects use ...
Biochemistry[edit]. As most irises are diploid, having two sets of chromosomes, this can be used to identify hybrids and ...
Biochemistry[edit]. Citric acid cycle[edit]. Main article: Citric acid cycle. Citrate is an intermediate in the TCA cycle (aka ... In biochemistry, it is an intermediate in the citric acid cycle, which occurs in the metabolism of all aerobic organisms. ... "Biochemistry (5. ed., international ed., 3. printing ed.). New York: Freeman. ISBN 978-0716746843. .. ...
Biochemistry[edit]. Ganoderic acid A, a compound isolated from lingzhi. Ganoderma lucidum produces a group of triterpenes, ...
Berry College offers a Biochemistry BS degree approved by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.. Visit ... CHEMISTRY AND BIOCHEMISTRY. Modern chemistry is a broadly diverse science positioned at the interface of physics, biology and ... The Chemistry and Biochemistry Department secured funding from the National Science Foundation to bring a high-field nuclear ... The chemistry and biochemistry curriculum at Berry College combines a solid background in the fundamental principles of ...
Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Robert G. Roeder. Arnold and Mabel Beckman Professor ...
Explore the impact of biochemistry on bioenergy and health, discovering why graduates are in demand; with the Biochemical ... Biochemistry: the Molecules of Life Explore the impact of biochemistry on bioenergy and health, discovering why graduates are ... Get an introduction to biochemistry. This free online biochemistry course will outline the background and history of the field ... Thank you for such an amazing course, it is definitely made me realise that biochemistry is the course that I want to study in ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Biochemistry.. At Wikiversity, you can learn more and teach others about Biochemistry at ... Marks Basic Medical Biochemistry (Lieberman, Markss Basic Medical Biochemistry) (4th ed.). ISBN 160831572X.. ... Researchers in biochemistry use specific techniques native to biochemistry, but increasingly combine these with techniques and ... The Virtual Library of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Cell Biology. *Biochemistry, 5th ed. Full text of Berg, Tymoczko, ...
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The final term of a year-long graduate-level course in biochemistry, cell and molecular biology. A continuation of Biochemistry ... Biochemistry 259, Actin Cytoskeleton. Biochemistry 260, Structural Biology (Identical to Chemistry 264-Students should enroll ... Each year Biochemistry 118 will focus on a different topic in genetics. Emphasis on reading and analyzing material from the ... Prerequisites: Biochemistry 101 and Genetics 102 or permission of the instructor. Not open to undergraduate students. Three ...
A dose is a measured quantity of a medicine, nutrient, or pathogen which is delivered as a unit. The greater the quantity delivered, the larger the dose. Doses are most commonly measured for compounds in medicine. The term is usually applied to the quantity of a drug or other agent administered for therapeutic purposes, but may be used to describe any case where a substance is introduced to the body. In nutrition, the term is usually applied to how much of a specific nutrient is in a persons diet or in a particular food, meal, or dietary supplement. For bacterial or viral agents, dose typically refers to the amount of the pathogen required to infect a host. For information on dosage of toxic substances, see Toxicology. For information on excessive intake of pharmaceutical agents, see Drug overdose. A dose of any chemical or biological agent (active ingredient) has several factors which are critical to its effectiveness. The first is concentration, that is, how much of the agent is being ...
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BIOCH 409 Biochemistry Tutorial This course allows a student to study an area of biochemistry in much greater detail than is ... BIOCH 200 Introductory Biochemistry An introduction to the fundamental principles of biochemistry. Protein structure and ... BIOCH 401 Biochemistry Laboratory Laboratory course in modern biochemical techniques. Designed for Biochemistry Honors and ... BIOCH 295 Special Topics in Biochemistry Covers focused topics in biochemistry at an introductory level. ...
BIOCH 670 Recent Advances in Biochemistry A seminar course on topics of current interest in biochemistry. Students will ... BIOCH 671 Recent Advances in Biochemistry A seminar course on topics of current interest in biochemistry. Students will ... BIOCH 555 Biochemistry of Lipids and Lipoproteins Advanced course focusing on specific aspects of the regulation of lipid and ... BIOCH 530 Biochemistry of Eukaryotic Gene Expression The organization and expression at the molecular level of information ...
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Nucleotide, any member of a class of organic compounds in which the molecular structure comprises a nitrogen-containing unit (base) linked to a sugar and a phosphate group. The nucleotides are of great importance to living organisms, as they are the building blocks of nucleic acids, the substances
Want to learn more about Parkinsons disease? See why a single nucleotide mutation messes up the function of a protein? I have a short activity that uses Cn3D (a molecular viewing program from the NCBI) to look at a protein that seems to be involved in a rare form of Parkinsons disease and I could sure use beta testers. If youd like to do this, I need you to follow the directions below and afterwards, go to a web form and answer a few questions. Dont worry about getting the wrong answers. I wont know who you are, so I wont know if you answered anything wrong. If you have any concerns… ...
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  • these include problems in macromolecular structure and function, enzyme function and regulation, RNA processing, gene regulation, membrane transport and receptor function, molecular pharmacology, mechanisms of cell motility, microbial metabolism, and the biochemistry of cellular electrical excitability. (
  • The courses needed to fulfill the degree requirements for biochemistry may include General Biology, Molecular Genetics, Organic Chemistry, General Physics, Tissue Culture, Biochemistry of Metabolism, Biochemistry Laboratory and more. (
  • The Biochemistry BSc equips students to study the molecular basis of life, including the fundamentals of biological chemistry, metabolism, call biology, molecular genetics, microbiology, physiology and immunology. (
  • On our Biochemistry BSc course you will study all areas of modern biochemistry including: biological chemistry, structural biology and biophysics, metabolism, cell biology, molecular genetics, bioinformatics, immunology and microbiology. (
  • Deoxyribonucleic Acid Welcome to Metabolic Pathways of Biochemistry, the online reference of metabolism for students, scientists, and the world. (
  • Bone biochemistry - Metabolism of calcium and phosphorus. (
  • The major in Biochemistry enables students to explore a broad diversity of related disciplines through elective courses, including (but not limited to) microbiology, biophysics, molecular medicine, genetics, free radical biology, and environmental toxicology. (
  • The Division of Biochemistry in the Department of Biology and Biochemistry at the University of Houston focuses on the study of the biochemistry and biophysics of living systems. (
  • Preference will be given to seniors of any major, then juniors majoring in Biology, Biochemistry & Biophysics, Chemistry or Neuroscience, then juniors of any major. (
  • The Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry degree is suitable for students who are interested in entry level positions in laboratories or who wishes to continue their studies toward a Master's or Ph.D. in the field. (
  • You can find additional information about the Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry/Chemistry degree, including the courses you will take when you're a biochemistry major at Eastern. (
  • These accredited degrees are especially helpful for those students planning on attending graduate school to obtain a Masters or Ph.D. in Chemistry, Biochemistry or Molecular Biology. (
  • recognise the wide range of jobs and career opportunities that become possible as a biochemistry graduate. (
  • 2. Satisfactory completion of three other graduate-level courses in biochemistry or related disciplines. (
  • The first term of a year-long graduate-level course in biochemistry, cell and molecular biology. (
  • This course is required to be taken at least once by all Biochemistry graduate students, based on the assertion that an essential element of graduate education is the experience gained in teaching other students. (
  • The Department of Biochemistry currently offers twenty courses at the graduate level. (
  • The graduate program in biochemistry leading to the degree of doctor of philosophy is designed to provide students with a deep understanding of the chemical principles governing the workings of biological macromolecules. (
  • The graduate program in biochemistry leading to the degree of master of science is designed to give students a substantial understanding of the chemical and molecular events in biological processes and experience in research. (
  • Applicants for admission to the biochemistry Ph.D. program are also required to take the Graduate Record Examination. (
  • Graduate credits from an accredited institution may be transferred into the Biochemistry graduate program. (
  • A degree in Biochemistry can also be used as a stepping-stone to graduate studies or a professional degree such as pharmacy, medicine, teaching, veterinary medicine, or law. (
  • With the appropriate choices of Chemistry/Biochemistry and General Education electives graduates can meet the requirements for admission to graduate, medical, dental, optometry, pharmacy, veterinary and other professional schools. (
  • Since most graduate students and postdoctoral associates in these groups take jobs outside of academia, biochemistry majors are also exposed to the transition from academic research laboratory to positions in government and industry. (
  • Currently, about thirty biochemistry majors graduate per year. (
  • The primary objective is to have each biochemistry major excel in graduate school or medical school as a consequence of his or her Penn experience and curiosity. (
  • Graduate programs open to biochemistry majors include those in chemistry, biology, molecular biology, and molecular genetics, as well as all of the basic science departments in medical schools, including departments of pharmacology. (
  • Graduate programs offered by the Department of Biological Sciences in the area of biochemistry prepare students for professional careers in biochemical research and teaching. (
  • Graduates from the department of chemistry and biochemistry find opportunities immediately after graduation, whether they seek employment directly, or choose to pursue advanced studies in graduate or professional school. (
  • While some of our students pursue advanced studies in professional graduate programs such as medicine, pharmacy, and even law, many others pursue an MS or a PhD in the field chemistry or biochemistry. (
  • Biochemistry Molecular Biology Graduate, Katie Kindt (Class of 2000), started her research career as an undergraduate in the UWEC Chemistry Department, and went on to win a Presidential Early Career Award in 2016. (
  • Much of biochemistry deals with the structures, functions and interactions of biological macromolecules , such as proteins , nucleic acids , carbohydrates and lipids , which provide the structure of cells and perform many of the functions associated with life. (
  • Hans was a man of passion for proteins and for biochemistry, for mountains and for music, and for his dear wife Susi and his children. (
  • ​​​​​​​ BMC Biochemistry is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that considers articles on all aspects of biochemical processes, including the structure, function and dynamics of metabolic pathways, supramolecular complexes, enzymes, proteins, nucleic acids and small molecular components of organelles, cells and tissues. (
  • This three-week futurelearn course has been developed in collaboration with the biochemical society and will explore how biochemistry impacts on these important topics for society. (
  • Over the last decades of the 20th century, biochemistry has become so successful at explaining living processes that now almost all areas of the life sciences from botany to medicine to genetics are engaged in biochemical research. (
  • Some argued that the beginning of biochemistry may have been the discovery of the first enzyme , diastase (today called amylase ), in 1833 by Anselme Payen , [11] while others considered Eduard Buchner 's first demonstration of a complex biochemical process alcoholic fermentation in cell-free extracts in 1897 to be the birth of biochemistry. (
  • It has a chemical and physical approach to biochemistry to help students to understand what drives biochemical reactions, rather than just presenting a list of facts for them to learn. (
  • UCL is one of the world's largest academic centres for research in biochemistry, with three major research units based here: the Institute of Structural and Molecular Biology, the Laboratory for Molecular Cell Biology and the interdisciplinary Advanced Centre for Biochemical Engineering. (
  • Clinical Biochemistry Lecture Notes presents the fundamental science behind common biochemical inves. (
  • In your second and third years you will focus on applications of biochemistry for understanding human disease, the biochemical and biophysical techniques used in understanding biological processes and the relationship between protein structure and function. (
  • Prerequisite: Biochemistry 101 or permission of the instructor. (
  • Students interested in a master's degree in this field typically have to have a bachelor's degree with a major in biochemistry, chemistry or another biological science as a prerequisite. (
  • The purpose of these types of courses are to assist students who are interested in health professional programs that require first semester biochemistry as a prerequisite for admission. (
  • This course will show how a training in biochemistry leads to excellent practical abilities problem-solving, literacy and numeracy skills, highlighting that biochemistry graduates are in high demand by employers. (
  • In addition, biochemistry graduates also often go on to work in fields such as teaching or research. (
  • Graduates of this program develop not only a good grasp of the fundamentals of biochemistry, but also a strong sense of direction for future research. (
  • Calvin chemistry and biochemistry graduates excel in medical careers. (
  • Throughout the course, you will learn with a range of staff from UEA's Schools of Biological Sciences and Chemistry, and find out how biochemistry is underpinning developments in the life sciences at the Norwich Research Park (NRP), and Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital. (
  • For the journals, see Biochemistry (journal) and Biological Chemistry (journal) . (
  • Biochemistry , sometimes called biological chemistry , is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms . (
  • Undergraduate students interested in a major program involving biochemistry should refer to the major in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology offered by the Department of Biological Sciences and to the major in Biophysical Chemistry offered by the Department of Chemistry. (
  • Biochemistry involves solving biological problems through an understanding of the molecular basis of life. (
  • The biochemistry major is designed to equip students with a broad understanding of the chemical and molecular events involved in biological processes. (
  • The biochemistry concentration provides a foundation for careers in medicine, biotechnology, or research in all branches of the biological sciences. (
  • Funding for NREL's Redox Biochemistry R&D is provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences Program, and the Biological and Electron Transfer and Catalysis EFRC, an Energy Frontiers Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science. (
  • Instruction offered by members of the Department of Biological Sciences in the Faculty of Science and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in the Faculty of Medicine. (
  • Fundamentally, biochemistry seeks to establish an understanding of biological phenomena at a molecular level. (
  • This course was designed to complement material covered in Biological Chemistry (Chem 320), and to serve as another way for students to meet the laboratory requirement for Carleton's Biochemistry Minor. (
  • In consultation with Biology and Biochemistry, bioanalytical themes and methods will be selected to enhance students' understanding of instrumentation and its application to investigating biological systems on a molecular level. (
  • In addition to the 3 semester sequence in biological chemistry (CHEM 251/451/452), majors in the Undergraduate Biochemistry Club are responsible for the organization of a weekly speaker series with invited scientists from other universities and industrial laboratories. (
  • The Department of Biological Sciences offers research-oriented M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Biochemistry. (
  • Biochemistry is the use of molecular methods to investigate, explain and manipulate biological processes. (
  • Through this course, you will learn how biochemistry and biomolecular sciences contribute to advances in all biological disciplines, including medicine and biotechnology. (
  • Our Biochemistry programme provides an excellent foundation for careers within all areas of biological and molecular sciences, and offers strong training for research scientists. (
  • Principles of the biochemistry of cell communication and signal transduction through receptor activation, the generation of second messengers, and the control of protein modifications. (
  • Practical experience in the laboratory with protein purification and protein characterization techniques selected to complement the selection from Biochemistry Laboratory Techniques I. (
  • We tackle these issues through the application of protein engineering, membrane protein biochemistry, X-ray crystallography, kinetic spectroscopy, fluorescence and vibrational spectroscopy and measurements of photovoltaic capacity. (
  • The Biochemistry BSc aims to equip students with the essential knowledge of biochemistry and molecular biology that is at the heart of much of modern life sciences research. (
  • This degree is aimed at those who seek specialized knowledge of biochemistry with the purpose of working as professionals at research laboratories or in academia. (
  • The broad knowledge of biochemistry that I learned has been invaluable as a starting point for learning the more specialist clinical biochemistry that is part of my current training. (
  • The material will be particularly useful for students who are considering higher education studies that involve biochemistry but will be accessible to all from age fifteen onwards. (
  • Note that this course begins prior to the official start of fall-term classes, and students outside of the MCB program should contact the Biochemistry Department for the date of the first lecture. (
  • This course is designed for students who require a one-term introduction to the fundamental principles of biochemistry and for students who intend to take further courses in biochemistry. (
  • This course is intended to provide students with a comprehensive introduction to the biochemistry of nucleic acids. (
  • Designed for Biochemistry Honors and Specialization students in their third or fourth year. (
  • Students who have a particular interest in any specific area of biochemistry are encouraged to meet with the faculty members to explore the possibilities of arranging a mutually satisfactory topic. (
  • This course is intended for students in Biochemistry. (
  • The bioorganic chemistry track of this program gives students the option of training in organic chemistry in addition to biochemistry. (
  • However, students are required to complete formal course work in advanced biochemistry, molecular biology, and physical biochemistry. (
  • The general aim of the concentration is to ensure that the students first learn the necessary chemical and physical chemical background and then the basic principles and observations of biochemistry and molecular biology. (
  • Students interested in taking Biochemistry courses are urged to read the advice in the Faculty of Science Program section of this Calendar. (
  • Biochemistry 393 and 443 are the recommended courses for students wishing to take only two biochemistry courses. (
  • These courses cover biochemistry broadly and include the topics students are expected to understand prior to admission to Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, Dentistry, Optometry and other professional schools having two courses in biochemistry as recommended preparation or requirements for admission. (
  • Biochemistry students develop necessary skills for employment and further education and training in pharmacy, medicine, biology, chemistry, and biochemistry. (
  • Students may minor in Biochemistry in addition to majoring in another field. (
  • Students who are majoring in biochemistry should be advised once each semester, prior to registration. (
  • Students who wish to apply to professional schools of medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, or other medical areas following graduation should consider completing the requirement for a B.S. degree in Biochemistry. (
  • The Master of Science in Biochemistry degree is aimed at students who are interested in career choices such as biotechnology, DNA forensics, biomedical engineering, toxicology and plant and animal sciences. (
  • Completing a degree in biochemistry can help to prepare students for a variety of scientific careers. (
  • The biochemistry major provides students with a strong foundation in cell biology, molecular biology, and chemistry with a strong emphasis on research and hands-on learning. (
  • Students interested in majoring in Biochemistry should speak with a faculty member in the Biology or Chemistry departments early in their undergraduate career. (
  • The goal of the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at California State University, San Marcos, is to provide quality chemistry and biochemistry education to all San Marcos students, both science majors and students from other disciplines. (
  • Since biochemistry is an interdisciplinary major, students learn that all processes in the cell follow the laws of physics. (
  • Students considering a major in biochemistry should consult with the chairman as soon as possible, preferably in the freshman year, especially if one has AP credit in science and mathematics. (
  • Call 215-898-4771 or send an email to [email protected] for an appointment with the chair or to contact current undergraduate biochemistry students who are members of the Undergraduate Advisory Board. (
  • The Laboratory of Biochemistry provides a number of lecture series and practical courses for students. (
  • Biochemistry students at ENMU have the unique opportunity as undergraduates to use lab equipment. (
  • The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, along with the university, is concerned about the well-being of our students. (
  • Students who are interested in majoring in biochemistry should speak with the department advising head. (
  • This unit includes resources, such as slide shows, worksheets, and labs on biochemistry for high school biology students. (
  • This is meant to be shown early in a biochemistry unit in a biology class, to students who have already learned these concepts in a chemistry or integrated science class. (
  • It's ideal if you enjoy biology and chemistry at school, and are thinking about studying or working in biochemistry as a distinct subject. (
  • The term "biochemistry" itself is derived from a combination of biology and chemistry . (
  • Biochemistry is a vibrant field of study and majors are encouraged to get involved in research with Biochemistry Program faculty members or others in the Departments of Biology and Chemistry. (
  • Biochemistry is an interdisciplinary field supported by the biology and chemistry departments. (
  • The Biochemistry Minor at Carleton rests on the close cooperation between the Departments of Biology and Chemistry. (
  • 2 courses from the ' Foundations of Biosciences Series ' of the Interdisciplinary Program, comprising either a basic or advanced Biochemistry course and a course on Molecular and Cell Biology. (
  • WPI's coursework-based MS degree in Biochemistry is a part-time program designed for targeted, in-depth investigations in advanced topics in modern biochemistry. (
  • You will find us under "Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine"ochemistry BSc course will introduce you to all areas of modern biochemistry. (
  • The chemistry and biochemistry curriculum at Berry College combines a solid background in the fundamental principles of chemistry with firsthand experience using state-of-the-art laboratory equipment. (
  • An introduction to the fundamental principles of biochemistry. (
  • Retrieved on August 03, 2021 from (
  • The site you were looking for, , does not exist. (
  • One additional advantage of a chemistry or biochemistry degree is broad applicability . (
  • Learn why a chemistry or biochemistry degree is a perfect fit for Calvin's pre-med program . (
  • Dr. Sukhinder K. Cheema is Associate Professor of Biochemistry, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada. (
  • Berry College offers a Biochemistry BS degree approved by the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. (
  • UW-Eau Claire's chemistry and biochemistry department offers opportunities many other institutions don't - a world-class education with multiple degree options, numerous faculty-student research opportunities, and courses and labs taught by exceptional faculty and staff. (
  • Biochemistry is also available as a Doctor of Philosophy in Biochemistry degree. (
  • Because biochemistry is a degree that typically involves laboratory courses, it is rare to find degree programs that can be completed fully online. (
  • Biochemistry is also available as a non-degree online course. (
  • Who Is An Ideal Candidate To Study For A Biochemistry Degree? (
  • What Kind Of Career Options Are Potentially Available With A Degree In Biochemistry? (
  • For a more robust program with additional research opportunities, consider WPI's PhD degree program in Biochemistry . (
  • Also each student will have the opportunity to specialize his or her Degree in Chemistry/Biochemistry by taking upper division elective courses in analytical, inorganic, organic, physical or biochemistry. (
  • In addition, our biochemistry degree can be designed to provide an exceptionally strong background for you to apply to both law and medical schools. (
  • Bachelor's degree in biochemistry or an equivalent degree with credits in biochemistry that correspond to the bachelor's program in biochemistry at the Freie Universität Berlin. (
  • Our #ChemistsAndCareers page showcases the great variety careers that one can pursue with a degree in chemistry or biochemistry, and the diversity of the individuals in them. (
  • Our integrated master's degree in Biochemistry is aimed at aspiring researchers and those seeking a career in science. (
  • Supervised research within a laboratory in the Department of Biochemistry. (
  • The Statement of Goals should be approximately 500-1,000 words and should include the following elements: the applicant's interest in Temple's Biochemistry program, research goals, future career goals, and academic and research achievements. (
  • But, contrary to its claims, Biochemistry does not succeed in identifying research opportunities for young scientists in a systematic way. (
  • If you are seeking a career in medicine, research or biotechnology, consider Earlham's Biochemistry program which combines studies in chemistry and biology. (
  • Research is at the heart of the Earlham College Biochemistry experience whether it's during the academic year, full-time during the summer or for an entire semester at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee. (
  • Research conducted by WPI's Biochemistry faculty members has practical applications in everyday life-from the heath care and medications we receive, to the energy we use to fuel our world, and beyond. (
  • As a research group in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, we seek an atom- and bond-level understanding of material properties. (
  • The unique feature of the undergraduate biochemistry program is a minimum of one year of research (2 credit units of BCHE 404) in one of the approximately 1000 independent biochemically-oriented research laboratories on or adjacent to campus. (
  • As a result of research participation, biochemistry majors become familiar with the progression from college student to faculty in a research university. (
  • As a biochemistry major at ENMU, you'll have the opportunity to participate in faculty mentored research projects, which often lead to peer reviewed publications and/or presentation at local/regional/national scientific meetings. (
  • An important aspect of the Oxford Biochemistry course is its fourth-year project, lasting 23 full-time weeks, which provides an opportunity to pursue an in-depth research project under the supervision of an academic member of staff. (
  • A wide choice of fourth-year research projects is available both within the Biochemistry Department and in related departments, such as Molecular Medicine, Clinical Biochemistry, Pathology and Pharmacology. (
  • Biochemistry brings together all of the sciences to study the chemical and physical processes that occur in living organisms. (
  • Biochemistry is closely related to molecular biology , the study of the molecular mechanisms by which genetic information encoded in DNA is able to result in the processes of life. (
  • The study of the chemical processes of all living things is called biochemistry. (
  • Biochemistry is the study of the chemistry of life processes. (
  • Researchers in biochemistry investigate the metabolic processes affecting nutrients and cellular components. (
  • The Genetics and Biochemistry Section studies the biochemistry, molecular, and cell biology of meiotic (homologous) recombination in mice and humans. (
  • The Chemistry Department offers ACS-accredited degrees in both Chemistry and Biochemistry. (
  • Berry College offers Chemistry and Biochemistry BS degrees approved by the American Chemical Society. (
  • Gwendolyn Pyeatt, a BA/MA in Biotechnology student, was awarded a Gates Cambridge Scholarship to pursue a PhD in Biochemistry at the University of Cambridge. (
  • Biochemistry is responsible for a large number of scientific breakthroughs in medicine and biotechnology. (
  • You just viewed Metabolic Pathways of Biochemistry . (
  • If you know the author of Metabolic Pathways of Biochemistry , please help us out by filling out the form below and clicking Send. (
  • This site is designed to graphically represent all major metabolic pathways, primarily those important to human biochemistry. (
  • The founding chair of the Department of Biochemistry, Professor Hans Neurath, passed away on Friday, April 12, 2002. (
  • Clean up Draft:Phosphate biochemistry and move it to become a subpage of a supporting main page learning project. (
  • Nutritional biochemistry, energy and nitrogen balance, exercise. (
  • The course is an introcuction to nutritional biochemistry. (
  • Emerging as a recognized discipline early in the last century, biochemistry has grown into a vast subject that spans several established disciplines. (
  • In collaboration with a program advisor, you will select courses from biochemistry, chemistry, and related disciplines. (
  • This course allows a student to study an area of biochemistry in much greater detail than is usual in most courses. (
  • Carleton has had activity in the area of Biochemistry for nearly two decades. (
  • [5] Depending on the exact definition of the terms used, molecular biology can be thought of as a branch of biochemistry, or biochemistry as a tool with which to investigate and study molecular biology. (
  • At its broadest definition, biochemistry can be seen as a study of the components and composition of living things and how they come together to become life, in this sense the history of biochemistry may therefore go back as far as the ancient Greeks . (
  • Bowdoin's Biochemistry Program draws upon Chemistry and Biology offerings to present a course of study examining the structure and properties of the molecules that make up living organisms. (
  • The study of chemistry and biochemistry is fun, exciting, and practical. (
  • If you want a more in-depth study experience, you could consider applying for our MBiochem (Hons) Biochemistry course. (
  • Biochemistry is the study of life at the molecular level. (
  • Is It Possible To Study Biochemistry Online? (
  • Biochemistry majors are encouraged to study abroad. (
  • Biochemistry is the study of the molecular basis of life and our Bi. (
  • Biochemistry is the study of the chemistry of living beings. (
  • 1. Satisfactory completion of an intensive three-term course in general biochemistry, a one-term teaching assignment, and a three-term course in laboratory biochemistry. (
  • Additional courses and seminars are available in a wide range of subjects, including enzyme regulation and mechanism, neurobiology, immunology, structural biochemistry, membrane biology, and molecular genetics. (
  • Explore the wide range of jobs and career opportunities that become possible with a training in biochemistry. (
  • Faculty members in the biochemistry program have published in wide variety of peer-reviewed journals and have been funded extramurally by both government and private institutions. (
  • The Department of Biochemistry participates in the " Interdisciplinary Program in Biomedical Sciences " at the Temple University School of Medicine. (
  • Not required for majors in the Biochemistry program. (
  • Beloit College's biochemistry program is unique in the nation. (
  • Before enrolling in a biochemistry program, it is important to have an interest in the subject as well as some background in science. (
  • An atmosphere of small class size, close faculty/student interaction and new facilities/equipment are some of the advantages of the Chemistry and Biochemistry program at CSU, San Marcos. (
  • In every chemistry and biochemistry program at Calvin, you'll learn from expert faculty who are invested in your success. (
  • The department also offers a variety of introductory and advanced courses in more specialized subjects such as neurobiology, X-ray crystallography, and physical biochemistry. (
  • SOMETIMES the only way to find the right textbook is to write it yourself, or so C. K. Mathews and Kensal van Holde discovered when they were searching for a general biochemistry text with the right emphasis for the courses they taught. (
  • The California State University, San Marcos offers programs of courses leading to a B.S. in Chemistry , a B.S. in Biochemistry , and a Science Education option . (
  • A broad spectrum of courses for majors are available in the traditional areas of analytical, inorganic, organic, physical and biochemistry. (
  • View all NREL physical biochemistry publications . (
  • As a scientific discipline in its own right, biochemistry has a major impact on all areas of the life sciences and biochemists are in high demand among employers. (