The chemical processes, enzymatic activities, and pathways of living things and related temporal, dimensional, qualitative, and quantitative concepts.
Acidosis caused by accumulation of lactic acid more rapidly than it can be metabolized. It may occur spontaneously or in association with diseases such as DIABETES MELLITUS; LEUKEMIA; or LIVER FAILURE.
A mitochondrial disorder characterized by focal or generalized seizures, episodes of transient or persistent neurologic dysfunction resembling strokes, and ragged-red fibers on muscle biopsy. Affected individuals tend to be normal at birth through early childhood, then experience growth failure, episodic vomiting, and recurrent cerebral insults resulting in visual loss and hemiparesis. The cortical lesions tend to occur in the parietal and occipital lobes and are not associated with vascular occlusion. VASCULAR HEADACHE is frequently associated and the disorder tends to be familial. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch56, p117)
A group of muscle diseases associated with abnormal mitochondria function.
A transfer RNA which is specific for carrying leucine to sites on the ribosomes in preparation for protein synthesis.
A heterogenous group of disorders characterized by alterations of mitochondrial metabolism that result in muscle and nervous system dysfunction. These are often multisystemic and vary considerably in age at onset (usually in the first or second decade of life), distribution of affected muscles, severity, and course. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp984-5)
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
A heterogeneous group of sporadic or familial disorders characterized by AMYLOID deposits in the walls of small and medium sized blood vessels of CEREBRAL CORTEX and MENINGES. Clinical features include multiple, small lobar CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; cerebral ischemia (BRAIN ISCHEMIA); and CEREBRAL INFARCTION. Cerebral amyloid angiopathy is unrelated to generalized AMYLOIDOSIS. Amyloidogenic peptides in this condition are nearly always the same ones found in ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (from Kumar: Robbins and Cotran: Pathologic Basis of Disease, 7th ed., 2005)
The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Proteins that bind specific drugs with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Drug receptors are generally thought to be receptors for some endogenous substance not otherwise specified.
A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Molecules on the surface of T-lymphocytes that recognize and combine with antigens. The receptors are non-covalently associated with a complex of several polypeptides collectively called CD3 antigens (ANTIGENS, CD3). Recognition of foreign antigen and the major histocompatibility complex is accomplished by a single heterodimeric antigen-receptor structure, composed of either alpha-beta (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, ALPHA-BETA) or gamma-delta (RECEPTORS, ANTIGEN, T-CELL, GAMMA-DELTA) chains.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Morphologic alteration of small B LYMPHOCYTES or T LYMPHOCYTES in culture into large blast-like cells able to synthesize DNA and RNA and to divide mitotically. It is induced by INTERLEUKINS; MITOGENS such as PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS, and by specific ANTIGENS. It may also occur in vivo as in GRAFT REJECTION.
An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.
The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.
Contaminated water generated as a waste product of human activity.
The study of the composition, chemical structures, and chemical reactions of living things.
The heat flow across a surface per unit area per unit time, divided by the negative of the rate of change of temperature with distance in a direction perpendicular to the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A strong oxidizing agent used in aqueous solution as a ripening agent, bleach, and topical anti-infective. It is relatively unstable and solutions deteriorate over time unless stabilized by the addition of acetanilide or similar organic materials.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
The first chemical element in the periodic table. It has the atomic symbol H, atomic number 1, and atomic weight [1.00784; 1.00811]. It exists, under normal conditions, as a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic gas. Hydrogen ions are PROTONS. Besides the common H1 isotope, hydrogen exists as the stable isotope DEUTERIUM and the unstable, radioactive isotope TRITIUM.
Occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians, and are qualified by special training and, frequently, by licensure to work in supporting roles in the health care field. These occupations include, but are not limited to, medical technology, physical therapy, physician assistant, etc.
Electron-accepting molecules in chemical reactions in which electrons are transferred from one molecule to another (OXIDATION-REDUCTION).
A group of compounds that contain a bivalent O-O group, i.e., the oxygen atoms are univalent. They can either be inorganic or organic in nature. Such compounds release atomic (nascent) oxygen readily. Thus they are strong oxidizing agents and fire hazards when in contact with combustible materials, especially under high-temperature conditions. The chief industrial uses of peroxides are as oxidizing agents, bleaching agents, and initiators of polymerization. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
The reactions and interactions of atoms and molecules, the changes in their structure and composition, and associated energy changes.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.

WW: An isolated three-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet domain that unfolds and refolds reversibly; evidence for a structured hydrophobic cluster in urea and GdnHCl and a disordered thermal unfolded state. (1/338)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the suitability of the WW domain as a desirable model system to understand the folding and stability of an isolated three-stranded antiparallel beta-sheet structure. The WW domain was subjected to thermal and chaotropic denaturation/reconstitution utilizing a variety of biophysical methods. This three-stranded sheet folds reversibly and cooperatively utilizing both urea and GdnHCl as denaturants; however, the denatured state retains structure in the form of a hydrophobic cluster involving at least one aromatic side chain. In contrast to chaotropic denaturation, thermal denaturation appears to be more complete and may be a two state process. The suitability of the WW domain for future studies aimed at understanding the kinetics and thermodynamics of antiparallel beta-sheet folding clearly emerges from this initial study. The most exciting and significant result in this manuscript is the finding that the chaotropic denatured state of WW has a hydrophobic cluster as discerned by near-UV CD evidence. The role that the denatured state plays in the folding and stability of a three-stranded beta-sheets, and its capacity for preventing aggregation may be particularly important and is the subject of ongoing studies.  (+info)

Detection of putative Zn(II) binding sites within Escherichia coli RNA polymerase: inconsistency between sequence-based prediction and 65Zn blotting. (2/338)

The availability of repeating 'Cys' and/or 'His' units in a particular order prompts the prediction of Zn(II) finger motifs in a protein. Escherichia coli RNA polymerase has two tightly bound Zn(II) per molecule of the enzyme as detected by atomic absorption spectroscopy. One Zn(II) was identified to be at the beta subunit, whereas the other putative Zn(II) binding site has recently been predicted to be at the N-terminal half of the beta' subunit, from primary sequence analysis. We show here that the beta' subunit has no ability to bind 65Zn(II). On the other hand, the N-terminal domain of the alpha subunit has strong Zn(II) binding ability with no obvious functional implications.  (+info)

Thiopental attenuates hypoxic changes of electrophysiology, biochemistry, and morphology in rat hippocampal slice CA1 pyramidal cells. (3/338)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Thiopental has been shown to protect against cerebral ischemic damage; however, it has undesirable side effects. We have examined how thiopental alters histological, physiological, and biochemical changes during and after hypoxia. These experiments should enable the discovery of agents that share some of the beneficial effects of thiopental. METHODS: We made intracellular recordings and measured ATP, sodium, potassium, and calcium concentrations from CA1 pyramidal cells in rat hippocampal slices subjected to 10 minutes of hypoxia with and without 600 micromol/L thiopental. RESULTS: Thiopental delayed the time until complete depolarization (21+/-3 versus 11+/-2 minutes for treated versus untreated slices, respectively) and attenuated the level of depolarization at 10 minutes of hypoxia (-33+/-6 versus -12+/-5 mV). There was improved recovery of the resting potential after 10 minutes of hypoxia in slices treated with thiopental (89% versus 31% recovery). Thiopental attenuated the changes in sodium (140% versus 193% of prehypoxic concentration), potassium (62% versus 46%), and calcium (111% versus 197%) during 10 minutes of hypoxia. There was only a small effect on ATP (18% versus 8%). The percentage of cells showing clear histological damage was decreased by thiopental (45% versus 71%), and thiopental improved protein synthesis after hypoxia (75% versus 20%). CONCLUSIONS: Thiopental attenuates neuronal depolarization, an increase in cellular sodium and calcium concentrations, and a decrease in cellular potassium and ATP concentrations during hypoxia. These effects may explain the reduced histological, protein synthetic, and electrophysiological damage to CA1 pyramidal cells after hypoxia with thiopental.  (+info)

Mitotic misregulation and human aging. (4/338)

Messenger RNA levels were measured in actively dividing fibroblasts isolated from young, middle-age, and old-age humans and humans with progeria, a rare genetic disorder characterized by accelerated aging. Genes whose expression is associated with age-related phenotypes and diseases were identified. The data also suggest that an underlying mechanism of the aging process involves increasing errors in the mitotic machinery of dividing cells in the postreproductive stage of life. We propose that this dysfunction leads to chromosomal pathologies that result in misregulation of genes involved in the aging process.  (+info)

Oestrogen, progesterone, and androgen receptors in ovarian neoplasia: correlation between immunohistochemical and biochemical receptor analyses. (5/338)

AIM: To investigate the correlation between immunohistochemical and biochemical steroid receptor analyses by measurement of oestrogen, progesterone, and androgen receptor status in ovarian neoplasia. METHODS: Tissue samples were obtained from 27 ovarian neoplasms, including two borderline tumours. Immunohistochemical staining of the tissue slides was scored semiquantitatively, incorporating the intensity and percentage of positive staining (histo-score). Tumours with a histo-score of 10 or more were considered steroid receptor positive. The epithelial and stromal fractions of the tumours were analysed separately. To study the uniformity of receptor expression throughout a tumour, up to four samples were analysed. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical histo-scores of the oestrogen receptor in the epithelial fractions were significantly correlated with the biochemical oestrogen receptor values (r = 0.408). Androgen receptor status in the epithelial fraction was correlated with that in the stromal fraction (r = 0.741), while androgen receptor histo-scores in the epithelial fraction correlated with the biochemical assay values (r = 0.463). On biochemical analysis, 17 of the 27 ovarian tumours were oestrogen receptor positive and seven were progesterone receptor positive. On immunohistochemical analysis, eight tumours were oestrogen receptor positive and two were progesterone receptor positive. Biochemical analysis showed that 14 of the 26 tumours were slightly androgen receptor positive (10-50 fmol/mg protein), while all the others were negative. On immunohistochemical analysis, seven of the 26 tumours were androgen receptor positive. When two or more specimens from one tumour were analysed, marked differences in steroid status were found, especially in progesterone receptor and androgen receptor expression. Some parts of a tumour were steroid receptor positive, while other parts were negative owing to heterogeneity of expression. CONCLUSIONS: Immunohistochemical and biochemical analysis of steroid receptors in ovarian tumours correlated weakly or not at all. Heterogeneity of expression within a tumour and the presence of progesterone and androgen receptors in the stromal fraction partly accounted for this observation. Biochemical and immunohistochemical androgen receptor status was much lower than in previous reports.  (+info)

Trehalose effect on low temperature protein dynamics: fluctuation and relaxation phenomena. (6/338)

We performed spectral diffusion experiments in trehalose-enriched glycerol/buffer-glass on horseradish peroxidase where the heme was replaced by metal-free mesoporphyrin IX, and compared them with the respective behavior in a pure glycerol/buffer-glass (Schlichter et al., J. Chem. Phys. 2000, 112:3045-3050). Trehalose has a significant influence: spectral diffusion broadening speeds up compared to the trehalose-free glass. This speeding up is attributed to a shortening of the correlation time of the frequency fluctuations most probably by preventing water molecules from leaving the protein interior. Superimposed to the frequency fluctuation dynamics is a relaxation dynamics that manifests itself as an aging process in the spectral diffusion broadening. Although the trehalose environment speeds up the fluctuations, it does not have any influence on the relaxation. Both relaxation and fluctuations are governed by power laws in time. The respective exponents do not seem to change with the protein environment. From the spectral dynamics, the mean square displacement in conformation space can be determined. It is governed by anomalous diffusion. The associated frequency correlation time is incredibly long, demonstrating that proteins at low temperatures are truly nonergodic systems.  (+info)

A new method for mapping nucleic acid sequence homology by electron microscopy. (7/338)

We describe here a new method for the electron microscopic mapping of sequence homology in nucleic acids. Specific segments of the T7 chromosome have been isolated following digestion with the restriction endonuclease from Hemophilus aegyptious (Haey). Denatured segments are annealed to the l-strand of T7 DNA; treatment of the hybrid with glyoxal allows only guanosine residues in the single-chain region to the reacted, producing an adduct which will no longer hydrogen bond with its complement on the r-strand. When the segment is displaced and the glyoxalated l-strand allowed to renature with the r-strand, "H" shaped structures are produced in which the duplex region corresponds to the position of sequence homology with the segment. The conditions employed for glyoxalation do not detectably disrupt duplex regions as small as 400 base pairs. This procedure should be generally useful for observing sequence homology in more complex DNA molecules containing duplex regions which can be specifically enriched for and their arrangement determined by electron microscopy.  (+info)

A novel method to determine the topology of peroxisomal membrane proteins in vivo using the tobacco etch virus protease. (8/338)

Most proteins essential for the biogenesis of peroxisomes (peroxins) that are identified to date are associated with or are integral components of the peroxisomal membrane. A prerequisite in elucidating their function is to determine their topology in the membrane. We have developed a novel tool to analyze the topology of peroxisomal membrane proteins in the yeast Hansenula polymorpha in vivo using the 27-kDa NIa protease subunit from the tobacco etch virus (TEVp). TEVp specifically cleaves peptides containing the consensus sequence, EXXYXQ downward arrowS (tev). We show that cytosolic TEVp and peroxisomal TEVp.SKL are selectively active on soluble cytosolic and peroxisomal tev-containing proteins in vivo, respectively, without affecting the viability of the yeast cells. The tev sequence was introduced in between the primary sequence of the peroxisomal membrane proteins Pex3p or Pex10p and the reporter protein enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP). Co-synthesis of these functional tev-GFP tagged proteins with either cytosolic TEVp or peroxisomal TEVp.SKL revealed that the C termini of Pex3p and Pex10p are exposed to the cytosol. Additional applications of the TEV protease to study peroxisome biogenesis are discussed.  (+info)

Westminster-based Myogen Inc.s shares soared Monday after its experimental drug helped patients with a potentially fatal lung disorder in a pivotal trial. A study, one of two needed for U.S. regulatory approval, found that the drug ambrisentan improved patients breathing and slowed worsening of pulmonary arterial hypertension, Myogen said. The once-a-day pill eased shortness of breath, allowing patients to walk farther in a six-minute test, the firm said. Geoffrey Meacham, an analyst at J.P. Morgan Securities Inc., said the results were better than he expected. The findings clearly position ambrisentan to become a best- in-class oral pulmonary arterial hypertension agent, Meacham wrote in a note to clients. Myogen remains, in our view, one of the most attractive pipeline stories in biotech, with ambrisentan and the darusentan drug for high blood pressure in development, he said. In the condition that ambrisentan is intended to treat, the pulmonary arteries thicken and become severely ...
Overview of catabolic pathways. Catabolism of glucose via glycolysis and the citric acid cycle . NADH. NADH, FADH 2. Converts: 1 glucose 2 pyruvate. Net reaction of glycolysis. +. Two molecules of ATP are produced Two molecules of NAD + are reduced to NADH. Slideshow 1773566 by cleo
Its not for lack of trying. Each data point depends on me catching a rare event. Theres a limited amount I can do to try to catch those rare events, so this graph is building up slowly. Its not quite a pitch-drop experiment, but I am seriously wondering if I am ever going to have enough data that I will feel confident about publishing it ...
Glycoconjugates: Carbohydrates covalently linked to a nonsugar moiety (lipids or proteins). The major glycoconjugates are glycoproteins, glycopeptides, peptidoglycans, glycolipids, and lipopolysaccharides. (From Biochemical Nomenclature and Related Documents, 2d ed; From Principles of Biochemistry, 2d ed)
The forward reaction above is of the pseudo first order, as the professor says. But its rate constant depends on acidic catalytic factors and the net reaction rate is affected by the reverse reaction rate The concentration of products- the organic acid and the alcohol - affects the net reaction rate by increased rate of the reverse reaction and by shifting of the reaction quotient.. The content of a mineral acid catalyzes the reaction, what means speeding up both reactions, therefore keeping the same equilibrium constant.(required as consequence of the energy conservation law). The reaction is still the pseudo first order, but the rate constant depends on concentration of the catalysing acid.. The alternative approach is considering the mineral acid as self-regenerating reagent. But it must be then evaluated as reaction chain.. The content of a mineral base decreases reverse reaction rate and shifts the reaction quotient by reacting with the organic acid. It also directly reacts with the ...
A method for maintaining the attitude of a three-axis controlled satellite by use of magnetic torquers includes using magnetometers for measuring the direction of the ambient geomagnetic field. The direction of the net reaction wheel momentum is also determined. The angle between the direction of the geomagnetic field and the net reaction wheel momentum is determined. The angle is compared with a threshold value. Magnetic torquer power consumption is reduced by operating the magnetic torquers only when the angle exceeds the threshold value.
biochemistry laboratory equipment_Chemistry and Biochemistry | University of Seminars The Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry hosts seminars, symposia, and supergroup meetings organized by discipline More information can
Artur Meski, Maciej Koutny, Wojciech Penczek: Verification of Linear-Time Temporal Properties for Reaction Systems with Discrete Concentrations. Fundam. Inform. 154(1-4): 289-306 (2017). Abstract. Reaction systems are a formal model for computational processes inspired by the functioning of the living cell. This paper introduces reaction systems with discrete concentrations, which are an extension of reaction systems allowing for quantitative modelling. We demonstrate that although reaction systems with discrete concentrations are semantically equivalent to the original qualitative reaction systems, they provide much more succinct representations in terms of the number of entities being used. We define a variant of Linear Time Temporal Logic interpreted over models of reaction systems with discrete concentrations. We provide its suitable encoding in SMT, together with bounded model checking, and present experimental results demonstrating the scalability of the verification method for reaction ...
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Breaking news and analysis of the global biotechnology, pharmaceutical, medical device and medical technology sectors. In-depth coverage of innovation, business, financing, regulation, science, product development, clinical trials and more
Two Major Processes Net reaction of photosynthesis is: CO 2 + H 2 O (CH 2 O) + O 2 The oxidation of water is driven by solar energy Electrons from this oxidation pass through an electron-transport chain (which resembles the mitochondrial ETC)
Doctoral thesis (2015). State-of-the-art biochemical systems for medical applications and chemical computing are application-specific and cannot be re-programmed or trained once fabricated. The implementation of adaptive ... [more ▼]. State-of-the-art biochemical systems for medical applications and chemical computing are application-specific and cannot be re-programmed or trained once fabricated. The implementation of adaptive biochemical systems that would offer flexibility through programmability and autonomous adaptation faces major challenges because of the large number of required chemical species as well as the timing-sensitive feedback loops required for learning. Currently, biochemistry lacks a systems vision on how the user-level programming interface and abstraction with a subsequent translation to chemistry should look like. By developing adaptation in chemistry, we could replace multiple hard-wired systems with a single programmable template that can be (re)trained to match a ...
Rule-based modeling involves the representation of molecules as structured objects and molecular interactions as rules for transforming the attributes of these objects. The approach is notable in that
The main types of biochemical reactions are reduction and oxidation, water addition and removal, bond breaking reactions and the movement of groups between molecules. There are many possible types of...
உயிர்வேதியியல் (Biochemistry) என்பது உயிரினங்களுக்குள்ளும் உயிரினங்கள் தொடர்பாகவும் நிகழும் வேதியியல் செயல் முறைகள் பற்றிய அறிவியல் துறை ஆகும் [1].. உயிர்வேதியியல் சமிக்ஞையால் கிடைக்கும் தக்வல்களைக் கட்டுப்படுத்துவதனாலும், வளர்சிதை மாற்றத்தின் மூலமும் கிடைக்கும் வேதியியல் ஆற்றலினாலும், உயிர்வேதியியல் செயல்முறைகள் வாழ்க்கையின் சிக்கலான நிலைக்குத் தள்ளப்படுகின்றன. ...
Clinical Biochemistry Courses Karnataka . Clinical Biochemistry in Karnataka, Find the right Clinical Biochemistry in Karnataka course in the right location on Emagisters fast and effective search engine. Extensive range of course types available, from short courses to postgraduate. Clinical Biochemistry.
Standards for molecular nomenclature are set jointly by the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). The recommendations in this section are based on conventions put forth by the IUBMB-IUPAC Joint Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature and the Nomenclature Committee of the IUBMB., The nucleic acids DNA and RNA are nucleotide polymers. Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is the embodiment of the genetic code and is contained in the chromosomes of higher organisms. It is made up of (1) molecules called bases, (2) the sugar 2-deoxyribose, and (3) phosphate groups. The
Standards for molecular nomenclature are set jointly by the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). The recommendations in this section are based on conventions put forth by the IUBMB-IUPAC Joint Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature and the Nomenclature Committee of the IUBMB., The nucleic acids DNA and RNA are nucleotide polymers. Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is the embodiment of the genetic code and is contained in the chromosomes of higher organisms. It is made up of (1) molecules called bases, (2) the sugar 2-deoxyribose, and (3) phosphate groups. The
The common names of ligases often include the word ligase, such as DNA ligase, an enzyme commonly used in molecular biology laboratories to join together DNA fragments. Other common names for ligases include the word synthetase, because they are used to synthesize new molecules. Biochemical nomenclature has sometimes distinguished synthetases from synthases and sometimes treated the words as synonyms. Under one definition, synthases do not use energy from nucleoside triphosphates (such as ATP, GTP, CTP, TTP, and UTP), whereas synthetases do use nucleoside triphosphates. It is also said that a synthase is a lyase (a lyase is an enzyme that catalyzes the breaking of various chemical bonds by means other than hydrolysis and oxidation, often forming a new double bond or a new ring structure) and does not require any energy, whereas a synthetase is a ligase (a ligase is an enzyme that binds two chemicals or compounds) and thus requires energy. However, the Joint Commission on Biochemical ...
Download clinical biochemistry by Allan Gaw,Michael Murphy,Rajeev Srivastava,Robert Cowan,Denis OReilly for Biochemistry students University of Nigeria [clinical biochemistry,core biochemistry,hyponatraemia,hypernatraemia - 95]
C487 Biochemistry Laboratory (3 cr.) P: CHEM C484. Laboratory instruction in the fundamental techniques of biochemistry, including assay methods; separation of macromolecules by electrophoresis and chromatography; isolation, purification, and analysis of enzymes; recombinant DNA procedures; polymerase chain reaction (PCR ...
BSc Medical Biochemistry/MSci Clinical Biochemistry at Middlesex University explores the field of biochemistry with a focus on human biology and medicine.
Biochemistry instructors are inundated with various representations from which to choose to depict biochemical phenomena. Because of the immense amount of visual know-how needed to be an expert biochemist in the 21st century, there have been calls for instructors to develop biochemistry students' visual literacy. However, visual literacy has multiple aspects, and determining which area to develop can be quite daunting. Therefore, the goals of this study were to determine what visual literacy skills biochemistry instructors deem to be most important and how instructors develop and assess visual literacy skills in their biochemistry courses. In order to address these goals, a needs assessment was administered to a national sample of biochemistry faculty at four-year colleges and universities. Based on the results of the survey, a cluster analysis was conducted to group instructors into categories based on how they intended to develop visual literacy in their courses. A
CBstat is a statistics program dedicated to the field of clinical biochemistry. The main areas covered are method evaluation and comparison, estimation of reference intervals, and diagnostic test evaluation, inclusive ROC plots. Additionally, general statistical routines are available for description and comparison of data. Modern computerized statistical procedures are included for estimation of standard errors, e.g. the jackknife and bootstrap principles.
Review Graduate Program details of Clinical Biochemistry in Colchester United Kingdom from University of Essex. |p|The University of Essex is one of the UK´s leading academic institutions, ranked ninth nationally for research excellence following the last Research Assessment Exercise...
The primary mission of the Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry is to serve the public interest in health care by providing leadership in clinical laboratory science to national professional societies, the diagnostics ...
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Mass spectrometry is a powerful analytical technique that can accurately measure the molecular masses of individual biomolecules, including peptides, proteins, and large intact protein assemblies. Chaits lab specializes in the development of mass spectrometers and other tools and methods for investigating a variety of biological and biochemical phenomena. Knowledge of the makeup, structure, and dynamics of protein assemblies is key to understanding many cellular processes. The Chait lab devises new tools, including those based on quantitative mass spectrometry, to identify and study the protein interactions within these assemblies. Another primary goal of the lab is to derive a functional definition of cellular protein assemblies.. The lab has recently developed potent approaches for elucidating proximal, distal, and transient protein-protein interactions in cellular milieus, and for determining distance restraints between amino-acid residues within large protein assemblies by chemical ...
This syllabus section provides an overview of the course and information on meeting times, lab participation, grading, and the schedule of lecture and lab topics.
Syllabi are available to current LSA students. IMPORTANT: These syllabi are provided to give students a general idea about the courses, as offered by LSA departments and programs in prior academic terms. The syllabi do not necessarily reflect the assignments, sequence of course materials, and/or course expectations that the faculty and departments/programs have for these same courses in the current and/or future terms. ...
Liver function tests Liver function tests (LFTs or LFs), which include liver enzymes, are groups of clinical biochemistry laboratory blood assays designed to
Beginning Easy to perform; requires no experience in microbiology. For 32 students in 8 groups. Bacteria stain differently because they vary in cell-wall composition. This easy-to-use Gram stain kit allows you to view Gram-positive bacteria (blue) versus Gram-negative bacteria (pink) for bacter...
Due to the COVID-19 situation, we fully understand most labs are fully or partially shut down so please let us know if you need additional support...
Twf1 - mouse gene knockout kit via CRISPR, 1 kit. |dl||dt|Kit Component:|/dt||dd|- |strong|KN318496G1|/strong|, Twf1 gRNA vector 1 in |a href=http://www.origene.com/CRISPR-CAS9/Detail.
Evaluating Interval Estimates for Comparing Two Proportions with Rare Events - Bayesian probability interval;confidence interval;rare events;risk ratio;risk difference;
Enzymes are molecules, especially proteins that help to accelerate biochemical reactions by interacting with components (reactants and products) without permanently changing them. This promotion process is called catalysis, and accordingly, the enzyme is recognized as a catalyst. Like many participants in the microb...
Free essay on Biochemical Testing. NAME AND COURSE SECTION: Michele McNeill, Camile Manradge - Section 704 TITLE AND NUMBER: Biochemical Testing of Micro...
Yn yr hen eglwys, a gysegrir ir santes, gellir gweld creirfa Melangell, sydd wedi ei hail-adeiladu wedi iddi gael ei dinistrio adeg y Diwygiad Protestannaidd ac syn un or esiamplau gorau oi fath ym Mhrydain ac yn unigryw yn ei chynllun. Ceir cerfluniau o sgwarnogod ar ysgrîn y Grog. Codwyd yr adeilad bresennol yn y 12g. Ychwanegodd cell haner gron a elwir Cell y Bedd ar seiliau or 10fed canrif yn yr 20ed canrif. Credir fod Melangell wedi claddu yno. Amgylchynir yr eglwys gan llan fawr syn cynnwys coed yw hynafol, rhai ononynt yn fwy na 2000 oedsyn awgrymu fod y safle yn gyn-Gristnogol.[1] Roedd yr eglwys yn gyrchfan boblogaidd i bererinion yn yr Oesoedd Canol. Gyda twf mewn diddordeb yn yr amgylfyd yn ail haner yr ugeinfed canrif daeth Melangell yn santes poblogaidd unwaith eto yng Nghymru fel nawdd santes bywyd gwyllt ar amgylchfyd naturiol.[1] Yn ddiweddar mae Cyngor Sir Powys wedi creu llwybr Pererindod Melangell yn arwain yno.[3] ...
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2 de febrero, 11 a.m. a 2 p.m., Go Red para la mujer, Broward College, recinto norte en Coconut Creek. Feria de salud y charla con doctora Marlene Wolf. Gratis. 954-712-3968. 6 de febrero, 10 a.m. a 11:30 a.m., cómo comer y cocinar para un corazón sano, con el chef Anthony Labriola y Karen Kurowski,...
Publisher: University of Delaware. Date Issued: 2018. Abstract: At the level of individual living cells, key species such as genes, mRNAs, and proteins are typically present in small numbers. Consequently, the biochemical reactions involving these species are inherently noisy and result in considerable cell-to-cell variability. This thesis outlines two mathematical tools to quantify stochasticity in these biochemical reaction systems: (i) a novel computational method that provides exact lower and upper bounds on statistical moments of population counts of important species, and (ii) a first-passage time framework to study noise in the timing of a cellular event that occurs when population count of an underlying regulatory protein attains a critical threshold. ☐ The method to compute bounds on moments builds upon the well-known linear dynamical system that describes the time evolution of statistical moments. However, except for some ideal cases, this dynamical system is not closed in the sense ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cobalt porphyrin catalyzed reduction of CO2. Radiation chemical, photochemical, and electrochemical studies. AU - Behar, D.. AU - Dhanasekaran, T.. AU - Neta, P.. AU - Hosten, C. M.. AU - Ejeh, D.. AU - Hambright, P.. AU - Fujita, Etsuko. PY - 1998/4/23. Y1 - 1998/4/23. N2 - Several cobalt porphyrins (CoP) have been reduced by radiation chemical, photochemical, and electrochemical methods, in aqueous and organic solvents. In aqueous solutions, the CoIP state is stable at high pH but is shorter lived in neutral and acidic solutions. Stable CoIP is also observed in organic solvents and is unreactive toward CO2. One-electron reduction of CoIP leads to formation of a species that is observed as a transient intermediate by pulse radiolysis in aqueous solutions and as a stable product following reduction by Na in tetrahydrofuran solutions. The spectrum of this species is not the characteristic spectrum of a metalloporphyrin π-radical anion and is ascribed to Co0P. This species binds ...
An artificial chemistry is a chemical-like system that usually consists of objects, called molecules, that interact according to rules resembling chemical reaction rules. Artificial chemistries are created and studied in order to understand fundamental properties of chemical systems, including prebiotic evolution, as well as for developing chemical computing systems. Artificial chemistry is a field within computer science wherein chemical reactions-often biochemical ones-are computer-simulated, yielding insights on evolution, self-assembly, and other biochemical phenomena. The field does not use actual chemicals, and should not be confused with either synthetic chemistry or computational chemistry. Rather, bits of information are used to represent the starting molecules, and the end products are examined along with the processes that led to them. The field originated in artificial life but has shown to be a versatile method with applications in many fields such as chemistry, economics, sociology ...
We imaged the purified OT complex by cryo-EM and obtained a first snapshot of the complex by computer reconstruction of the micrographs, said Li, a cryo-EM expert.. In cryo-EM, he explained, samples are frozen in vitreous ice and maintained at cryogenic temperatures (-274° Fahrenheit) using liquid nitrogen while the samples are photographed in the high vacuum of an electron microscope. The sophisticated cryo-EM machine resides in Brookhaven Labs biology department. Li and his collaborators also measured the mass of the OT complex at Brookhavens Scanning Transmission Electron Microscope (STEM) facility.. The structure deciphered by the group helps to explain many biochemical phenomena observed about the enzyme complex over the past two decades. It also offers hints as to how the enzyme performs its various jobs, from recognizing the sugar molecules to be added to the protein, scanning the protein as it is formed to identify the sites where sugars should be attached, and transferring the sugar ...
Buy, download and read Thermodynamics of Biochemical Reactions ebook online in PDF format for iPhone, iPad, Android, Computer and Mobile readers. Author: Robert A. Alberty. ISBN: 9780471623557. Publisher: Wiley. Thermodynamics of Biochemical Reactions emphasizes the fundamental equations of thermodynamics and the application of these equations to systems of biochemical reactions. This emphasis leads to new th
Dr.Ehab Fathy Gabr Aboueladab, Damietta University, Faculty of Specific Education Damietta, New Damietta City, P.O.Box.34517, Egypt, Tel:002-057-2224444(HOME), 002-057-2403085(WORK), Email:[email protected], ChatYahoo:[email protected], http://www.citeulike.org,http://www.academiccareers.com,http://www.wzayef.com,http://medicalppt.blogspot.com,http://www.wadaef.com,http://www.academickeys.com,www.thesciencejobs.com,http://vadlo.com,http://www.medbio.info ...
Purines and pyrimidines are the building blocks of DNA and RNA, the basic elements of the cell-programming machinery. In addition, they fulfil a variety of functions in the metabolism of the cell. Therefore, where an inherited defect exists, any system can be affected.. ...
β2M is a component of the MHC class I molecule that is responsible for mediating antigen presentation to cytotoxic T cells and is ubiquitous to all cell types (with the exception of erythrocytes). Up-regulation of β2M is observed in haematological malignancy (principally MM) and may facilitate prognostic information as a function of deterioration in glomerular function.. ...
Plaques formed during atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries have now been linked to some harmful biochemical reactions that may further lead to damage in the lungs, liver,
What do source code management and keeping track of samples in a biochemistry laboratory have in common? Quite a bit, it turns out. There are many types of samples in the lab - tubes of purified protein or DNA, liquid bacterial cultures, solid cultures, frozen cell lines, etc. Each sample is derived from one or…
ALABASTRO, EDGARDO GARCIA. THE STEADY-STATE CHARACTERISTICS AND THE APPARENT KINETICS OF A MULTI-SPECIES BIOLOGICAL REACTION SYSTEM. (1968) Diss., Rice University. https://hdl.handle.net/1911/14415 ...
Cambridge Institute for Medical Research and Department of Clinical Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, Wellcome Trust/MRC Building, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0XY, UK. Electronic address ...
Cellular metabolism comprises a number of biochemical reactions that occur in concert within the cells of living organisms. These orchestrated reactions, better described as metabolic pathways allow organisms to function and respond to environmental changes.
Enzymes are a group of complex proteins or conjugated proteins that are produced by living cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions.
Necessary for good health, proper function and biochemical reactions, essential dietary minerals break down into two categories: macrominerals such as, calcium,
... "for his innovative research and leadership in transport phenomena focusing on biochemical and biomedical engineering with ... Transport Phenomena, with R. Byron Bird and W. E. Stewart, Wiley, (1960, 2nd ed. 2002). Transport Phenomena in Living Systems: ... There he co-authored Transport Phenomena with his two colleagues, R. Byron Bird and Warren E. Stewart. This first edition of ... "Renowned biochemical engineer Edwin N. Lightfoot passes away - College of Engineering - University of Wisconsin-Madison". ...
Post-mortem may also refer to: Post-mortem chemistry, a branch of chemistry for studying of chemical and biochemical phenomena ...
... is a biological phenomenon by which an organism produces one or more biochemicals that influence the germination, ... These biochemicals are known as allelochemicals and can have beneficial (positive allelopathy) or detrimental (negative ... He used the term to describe biochemical interactions by means of which a plant inhibits the growth of neighbouring plants.[4] ... all direct positive or negative effects of a plant on another plant or on micro-organisms by the liberation of biochemicals ...
History of environmental chemistry - history of the scientific study of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur in ... history of the Environmental chemistry is the scientific study of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur in natural ... History of quantum physics - history of the branch of physics dealing with physical phenomena where the action is on the order ... History of surface science - history of the Surface science is the study of physical and chemical phenomena that occur at the ...
On a new category of adsorption phenomena and on its application to biochemical analysis)), Труды Варшавского общества ... Thin layer chromatography (TLC) is a widely employed laboratory technique used to separate different biochemicals on the basis ... An expanded bed chromatographic adsorption (EBA) column for a biochemical separation process comprises a pressure equalization ...
On a new category of adsorption phenomena and on its application to biochemical analysis)), Труды Варшавского общества ...
December 1999). "Losartan therapy for Raynaud's phenomenon and scleroderma: clinical and biochemical findings in a fifteen-week ... To aid in the diagnosis of Raynaud's phenomenon, multiple sets of diagnostic criteria have been proposed.[16][17][18][19] Table ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Raynaud's phenomenon.. *What Is Raynaud's Disease at National Heart, Lung, and Blood ... When Raynaud's phenomenon is limited to one hand or one foot, it is referred to as unilateral Raynaud's. This is an uncommon ...
When a biochemical reaction takes place and is captured on the cantilever, the mass of the cantilever changes, as does the ... Manipulation of small fluid droplets occurs via electrowetting, which is the phenomenon where an electric field changes the ... In stress sensing, the biochemical reaction is performed selectively on one side of the cantilever to cause a change in surface ... Differentiation in stem cells is dependent on many factors, including soluble and biochemical factors, fluid shear stress, cell ...
Examples of phenomena that have been modeled in this way include gene regulatory networks and signaling pathways, basing the ... This package supports the representation of models where an in-depth knowledge of the biochemical reactions and their kinetics ... Finney, A.; Hucka, M. (2003). "Systems biology markup language: Level 2 and beyond". Biochemical Society Transactions. 31 (6): ... SBML can represent many different classes of biological phenomena, including metabolic networks, cell signaling pathways, ...
Of particular interest is the phenomenon of assortative mixing by degree, meaning the tendency of nodes with high degree to ... Assortative mixing is also observed in other (non-social) types of networks, including biochemical networks in the cell, ...
... is a biochemical phenomenon observed in a wide variety of cell types, in which chemical products are ... "Pulsatility of insulin release--a clinically important phenomenon". Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences. 114 (4): 193-205. doi ...
... the phenomenon of promoter-proximal pausing indicates that sigma plays roles during early elongation. All studies are ... too long to be measured in a typical biochemical experiment) to a shorter, measurable lifetime upon transition to elongation. ...
With red cells, this can decrease viability and ability for tissue oxygenation.[36] Although some of the biochemical changes ... and rejuvenation products are not yet able to adequately reverse this phenomenon.[39] There has been controversy about whether ... a range of biochemical and biomechanical changes that occur during storage. ...
Environmental chemistry is the scientific study of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur in natural places. ... Chemical measures of water quality include dissolved oxygen (DO), chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD ...
"A phenomenon marked by changes that lead to a particular result, mediated by one or more gene products." "Processes that are ... " "Catalysis of a biochemical reaction at physiological temperatures. In biologically catalyzed reactions, the reactants are ...
The forestry and biology, chemical science, (bio)chemical industry scope manufactures organic and agrochemicals (fertilizers, ... design Process development Safety engineering Separation processes Textile engineering Thermodynamics Transport phenomena Unit ... Agricultural engineering Biomolecular engineering Biochemical engineering Biological engineering Chemical process modeling ... chemical and biochemical unit operations employed in the manufacture of pulp and paper, and addresses the preparation of its ...
This is a phenomenon that has been found by researchers in the United Kingdom during experiments done in September 2010. The ... A biochemical nanoreactor is created simply by unwrapping a biological virus through scientific methods, eliminating its ...
With red cells, this can decrease viability and ability for tissue oxygenation.[23] Although some of the biochemical changes ... Platelet storage lesion is a very different phenomenon from RBC storage lesion, due largely to the different functions of the ... blood product units damaged by so-called storage lesion-a set of biochemical and biomechanical changes which occur during ... and rejuvenation products are not yet able to adequately reverse this phenomenon.[26] ...
Other benign pathological phenomena like polyps, vocal fold nodules and edema will also introduce disordered phonation.[43] ... They quantified the expression of two biochemical markers: interleukin 1 and prostaglandin E2, which are associated with acute ... Branski RC, Rosen CA, Verdolini K, Hebda PA (June 2005). "Biochemical markers associated with acute vocal fold wound healing: a ... Wound healing is a natural regeneration process of dermal and epidermal tissue involving a sequence of biochemical events. ...
Process design Transport Phenomena Unit operations Polymerization 3D Plant Design FEED List of chemical engineers Engineering ... Chemical Chemistry Engineering Physics Biochemical engineering Biomedical engineering Biotechnology Ceramics Chemical process ... Crystallization processes Distillation processes Membrane processes Semiconductors Thermodynamics Transport phenomena Unit ...
Immunology became a biochemical rather than a clinical discipline.[2] By the 1950s the modern understanding of autoantibodies ... Finally, IgA deficiency is also sometimes associated with the development of autoimmune and atopic phenomena. ... normally prevented from causing disease by the phenomenon of immunological tolerance to self-antigens.[citation needed] ...
"Trends in Biochemical Sciences. 35 (4): 189-198. doi:10.1016/j.tibs.2009.11.005. PMC 4716677. PMID 20022755.. ... Biochemistry is closely related to molecular biology which is the study of the molecular mechanisms of biological phenomena.[5] ... The DNA polymerase of the thermophile bacteria Thermus aquaticus, extracted in 1968 and named Taq polymerase, is a biochemical ... Almost all areas of the life sciences are being uncovered and developed through biochemical methodology and research.[2] ...
Other benign pathological phenomena like polyps, vocal fold nodules and edema will also introduce disordered phonation.[43] ... They quantified the expression of two biochemical markers: interleukin 1 and prostaglandin E2, which are associated with acute ... Wound healing is a natural regeneration process of dermal and epidermal tissue involving a sequence of biochemical events. ... "Biochemical markers associated with acute vocal fold wound healing: a rabbit model". J Voice. 19 (2): 283-9. doi:10.1016/j. ...
He was a founding member of the Biochemical Society and editor of its journal for 25 years. Arthur was born to Scottish ... and when he entered the Institute he applied his methods to the investigation of biological phenomena such as the chemical ... Five years later, in 1907 he was appointed Head of the Biochemical Department, a position which he held until his retirement in ... Manchester, K. (2000). "Arthur Harden: An unwitting pioneer of metabolic control analysis". Trends in Biochemical Sciences. 25 ...
This phenomenon is defined fuzziness. The most pertinent example is the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor Sic1, which binds to ... Davey, Norman E; Travé, Gilles; Gibson, Toby J (2011). "How viruses hijack cell regulation". Trends in Biochemical Sciences. 36 ... Trends in Biochemical Sciences. 33 (1): 2-8. doi:10.1016/j.tibs.2007.10.003. PMID 18054235. Fuxreiter, M. & Tompa, P. (2011) ... Trends in Biochemical Sciences. 36 (8): 415-23. doi:10.1016/j.tibs.2011.04.006. PMID 21620710. Watson, Matthew; Stott, ...
"Trends in Biochemical Sciences. 35 (3): 169-78. doi:10.1016/j.tibs.2009.10.004. PMC 2834840. PMID 19959365.. ... This phenomenon is then called alternative splicing. Alternative splicing can occur in many ways. Exons can be extended or ... Morcos, Paul A. (2007). "Achieving targeted and quantifiable alteration of mRNA splicing with Morpholino oligos". Biochemical ... Spliceosomal splicing and self-splicing involve a two-step biochemical process. Both steps involve transesterification ...
This phenomenon can be used to investigate peptide conformational dynamics with femtosecond absorption spectroscopy. Blanco, F ... Milner-White, J.; Poet, R. (1986). "Four Classes of Beta-Hairpins in Proteins". Biochemical Journal 240 289-292. Enemark, Søren ...
Unusual phenomena in an extreme bushfire in: Proceedings of the 5th Asia Pacific Conference on Combustion Adelaide. 2005 ... Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 28 (9): 813-824. doi:10.1016/S0305-1978(99)00123-4. PMID 10913843.. ... and suggests that this rise to dominance is a geologically more recent phenomenon. The oldest reliably dated macrofossil of ...
... it has become quite a unique phenomenon in the area of Inborn Errors of Metabolism: By December 2017 (in its 23rd year) Metab-L ... pediatricians or coming from a biochemical and laboratory professional or geneticist background. A great portion of members of ...
Though there is some evidence to support this, retroactively changing the name of a well-known phenomenon would be extremely ... Edsall, J. T. (1972). "Blood and Hemoglobin: The Evolution of Knowledge of Functional Adaptation in a Biochemical System. Part ... The Bohr effect is a phenomenon first described in 1904 by the Danish physiologist Christian Bohr. Hemoglobin's oxygen binding ... However, the physiological implications of this phenomenon remain unclear. Allosteric regulation Haldane Effect Root effect ...
Some models are also tracking biochemical pathways at very small scales such as spines or synaptic clefts. ... collaborate closely with experimentalists in analyzing novel data and synthesizing new models of biological phenomena. ...
... (also known as listening fatigue or ear fatigue) is a phenomenon that occurs after prolonged exposure to an ... With regards to listening fatigue, the relevant mechanical and biochemical mechanisms primarily deal with inner ear and cochlea ... Common groups at risk of becoming victim to this phenomenon include avid listeners of music and others who listen or work with ...
A similar phenomenon has since been described in the bacterium Escherichia coli, which gives rise to morphologically similar ... A control system constructed using biochemical and genetic logic circuitry organizes the timing of initiation of each of these ...
Transport phenomenaEdit. Main article: Transport phenomena. Modeling and analysis of transport phenomena is essential for many ... Advancements in biochemical engineering in the 1940s, for example, found application in the pharmaceutical industry, and ... Transport phenomena involve fluid dynamics, heat transfer and mass transfer, which are governed mainly by momentum transfer, ... Unit processes (such as nitration and oxidation) involve the conversion of material by biochemical, thermochemical and other ...
On that basis "... free will cannot be squeezed into time frames of 150-350 ms; free will is a longer term phenomenon" and free ... and desires are fixed by our genetic endowment and our biochemical makeup, the latter of which is affected by both genes and ... This phenomenon corresponds with an impairment in the premotor mechanism manifested temporally by the appearance of the ... any observation necessitates an interference with the course of the phenomena, which is of such a nature that it deprives us of ...
Zecharia Madar, "The Khat Phenomenon in Yemen and the Dangers it Poses", in: Ascending the Palm Tree - An Anthology of the ... Ahmed, M.B.; El-Qirbi, A.B. (August 1993). "Biochemical effects of Catha edulis, cathine and cathinone on adrenocortical ...
"The Biochemical Journal. 37 (2): 166-8. doi:10.1042/bj0370166. PMC 1257872 . PMID 16747610.. ... Vitamin A toxicity is known to be an ancient phenomenon; fossilized skeletal remains of early humans suggest bone abnormalities ... Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 291 (4): 1109-12. doi:10.1006/bbrc.2002.6557. PMID 11866479.. ...
It plays a central role in many biochemical processes, such as the building of cell membranes and the synthesis of steroid ... In the Framingham Heart Study, the researchers attributed this phenomenon to the fact that people with severe chronic diseases ... "Phylogenetic and biochemical evidence for sterol synthesis in the bacterium Gemmata obscuriglobus". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S ...
... a phenomenon which is partly responsible for exercise-induced neurogenesis and improvements in cognitive function.[14][21][22][ ... "The biochemical pathways of central nervous system neural degeneration in niacin deficiency". Neural Regeneration Research. 9 ...
Diagnosis of HN is made from a clinical history and biochemical investigations. Chronic hypertension with progressive kidney ...
Several structures and phenomena in anatomy and physiology are named for him, including the Golgi apparatus, the Golgi tendon ... discovered the role of genes in regulating biochemical events within cells in 1958.[24] ... "for their discoveries regarding tunnelling phenomena in solids". Giaever is an institute professor emeritus at the Rensselaer ... "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered ...
Nudler E, Mironov AS (Jan 2004). "The riboswitch control of bacterial metabolism". Trends in Biochemical Sciences. 29 (1): 11-7 ... This phenomenon is known as "multiplicity reactivation". Multiplicity reactivation has been reported to occur in influenza ...
... is the phenomenon where the effect of one gene (locus) is dependent on the presence of one or more 'modifier genes', ... Lunzer M, Miller SP, Felsheim R, Dean AM (October 2005). "The biochemical architecture of an ancient adaptive landscape". ...
Enzymes are biochemical catalysts used in converting processes from one substance to another. They are also involved in ... Food chemistry concepts are often drawn from rheology, theories of transport phenomena, physical and chemical thermodynamics, ...
Recent pharmacological and biochemical studies have proposed that survival and lethal autophagy can be distinguished by the ... de Duve christened the phenomena "autophagy". Unlike Porter and Ashford, de Duve conceived the term as a part of lysosomal ... Stimulation of autophagy in infected cells can help overcome this phenomenon, restoring pathogen degradation. ...
Although many studies still hold a reductionist stance looking for the neurobiological basis of cognitive phenomena, recent ... Beginning in 1966, Eric Kandel and collaborators examined biochemical changes in neurons associated with learning and memory ... and Richard Caton found electrical phenomena in the cerebral hemispheres of rabbits and monkeys. ...
However, when confronted with totally unexpected phenomena, such as the first evidence for invisible radiation, experimental ... Physiological and Biochemical Zoology. 77 (5): 697-699. doi:10.1086/425182.. ... This means that it aims to describe phenomena of the past and reconstruct their causes.[5] Hence it has three main elements: ... description of the phenomena; developing a general theory about the causes of various types of change; and applying those ...
"The Biochemical Journal. 441 (2): 523-40. doi:10.1042/BJ20111451. PMC 3258656. PMID 22187934.. ... de Duve christened the phenomena "autophagy". Unlike Porter and Ashford, de Duve conceived the term as a part of lysosomal ... Recent pharmacological and biochemical studies have proposed that survival and lethal autophagy can be distinguished by the ... Stimulation of autophagy in infected cells can help overcome this phenomenon, restoring pathogen degradation. ...
Involuntary eye movement, as elicited by Bell's phenomenon, for instance, may be closer to normal. On close inspection, eye ... "4-repeat tauopathy sharing pathological and biochemical features of corticobasal degeneration and progressive supranuclear ...
The phenomenon has been also observed in most primates, in some lemurs, and in dwarf mongooses. Lactation can be induced in ... Although biochemical markers indicate that Secretory Activation begins about 30-40 hours after birth, mothers do not typically ... although the phenomenon has not been confirmed by more recent literature. Charles Darwin recognized that mammary glands seemed ...
Humans are as other living things-we are by nature star-born, earth-formed, fitness-maximized, biochemical systems. An aspect ... The course was presented in three segments: the cosmos before humans appeared, the human phenomenon, and scenarios for the ... but here it means a process in which the whole universe is a progression of interrelated phenomena, a gradual process[11] in ... story of ostensibly historical events that serves to unfold part of the worldview of a people and explains a natural phenomenon ...
The aerobic energy systems take longer to produce the ATP and reach peak efficiency, and requires many more biochemical steps, ... This phenomenon is called cross education.[citation needed]. Atrophy. Main article: Muscle atrophy ...
"The Biochemical Journal. 45 (5): 563-74. doi:10.1042/bj0450563. PMC 1275055. PMID 15396627.. ... Lectins typically play a role in biological recognition phenomena involving cells and proteins.[39] Receptors and hormones are ... Others are membrane proteins that act as receptors whose main function is to bind a signaling molecule and induce a biochemical ... Many proteins are enzymes that catalyse biochemical reactions and are vital to metabolism. Proteins also have structural or ...
"Phenomena: Not Exactly Rocket Science How Chickens Lost Their Penises (And Ducks Kept Theirs)". Phenomena.nationalgeographic. ... Biochemical Journal. 96 (1): 28-35. PMC 1206904 . PMID 14343146.. *^ Packard, Gary C. (1966). "The Influence of Ambient ... "Biochemical Journal. 330 (Pt 1): 541-47. PMC 1219171 . PMID 9461554.. *^ Andersson, S.; J. Ornborg; M. Andersson (1998). " ...
His "The Phenomenon of Life" (New York, 1966) sets out boldly to offer an "existential interpretation of biological facts", ... Other key ideas include the reduction of all life processes to biochemical reactions, and the incorporation of psychology into ... Holism is the view that emphasizes higher-level processes, phenomena at a larger level that occur due to the pattern of ... For example, the biological process of respiration is explained as a biochemical process involving oxygen and carbon dioxide. ...
This phenomenon, where molecule Y affects the binding of molecule X to a transport molecule Z, is called a heterotropic ... Kikuchi, G.; Yoshida, T.; Noguchi, M. (2005). "Heme oxygenase and heme degradation". Biochemical and Biophysical Research ... Minic Z, Hervé G (2004). "Biochemical and enzymological aspects of the symbiosis between the deep-sea tubeworm Riftia ... Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 131 (1): 98-102. doi:10.1016/0006-291X(85)91775-9. PMID 4038310.. ...
Examining this phenomenon from a capillarity viewpoint for a bubble that is being formed very slowly, it can be assumed that ... For example, foam is a serious problem in the chemical industry, especially for biochemical processes. Many biological ... Being a multiscale system involving many phenomena, and a versatile medium, foam can be studied using many different techniques ... hence identifying and quantifying destabilization phenomena.[9][10][11][12] It works on any concentrated dispersions without ...
Affinity chromatography[6] is a method of separating biochemical mixtures, based on a highly specific biologic interaction such ... Meir Wilchek is known for his research in the field of biorecognition or affinity phenomenon, and its various application, e.g ...
... a form of hyperthyroidism called Jod-Basedow phenomenon can be triggered even at small or single iodine dosages, for example as ... which stimulates the thyroid gland to increase many biochemical processes; the cellular growth and proliferation can result in ...
Biochemical Phenomena, Metabolism, and Nutrition. Categories. Biochemical Phenomena Research. Metabolism Research. Nutrition ...
Terkko Navigator is a medical library community for the University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital. Personalize your own library of feeds, journals, books, links and more ⇒ ⇒
Conceptual and Experimental Tools to Understand Spatial Effects and Transport Phenomena in Nonlinear Biochemical Networks ... Conceptual and Experimental Tools to Understand Spatial Effects and Transport Phenomena in Nonlinear Biochemical Networks ... Many biochemical systems are spatially heterogeneous and exhibit nonlinear behaviors, such as state switching in response to ... In this review, we use a phenomenon referred to as patchy switching to illustrate the interplay of nonlinearities, transport ...
What is Biochemical phenomena? Meaning of Biochemical phenomena medical term. What does Biochemical phenomena mean? ... Looking for online definition of Biochemical phenomena in the Medical Dictionary? Biochemical phenomena explanation free. ... Biochemical phenomena , definition of Biochemical phenomena by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary. ... redirected from Biochemical phenomena). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia. biochemistry. [bi″o-kem´is-tre] the ...
Andrey Beyle, Chapter 16 - Physical and Biochemical Risk Phenomena in Nanotechnology, In: R. Asmatulu, Editor(s), ...
Biochemical Phenomena. Margretta Seashore, MD Professor Emeritus of Genetics. Research Interests. Biochemical Phenomena; ...
Biochemical Phenomena. *Biochemistry. *Blood Pressure. *Blotting. *Feedback. *Infusions. *Intravenous. *Lung. *Lung: enzymology ...
Biochemical Phenomena. Biochemistry. Biopsy. Blotting, Western. Cardiomyopathies / diagnosis*. Child. Coronary Angiography. ...
Biochemical phenomena consist of binary interactions between pairs of molecules. Common names for such biochemically reactive ... On a molecular level, nearly all biochemical phenomena between such pairs involve the spatial recognition of one molecule by ... Sigma Biochemical). Allow the mixture to incubate overnight at 4 C. on a rocker. The next morning extrude the mixture through a ... without reducing the ability of the BRPs to promote biochemical reactions. ...
4. Biochemical reactors: batch and continuous processes. 5. Transfer phenomena in biochemical reactors: substrate, oxygen and ... The design methodology for biochemical processes is described. Typical biochemical processes are described, including beer, ... The aim of the course is to provide students with an understanding of the industrial relevance of common biochemical processes ... The mass and heat transfer theory developed as part of other courses is applied to biochemical process. ...
Koretz RL (November 1981). "Hypouricemia--a transient biochemical phenomenon of total parenteral nutrition". Am. J. Clin. Nutr ...
The Chelation Phenomenon: A Natural Biochemical Process December 6, 2000 Your Body. ...
The Chelation Phenomenon: A Natural Biochemical Process December 6, 2000 Your Body. ...
Chemical Phenomena [G02]. *Biochemical Phenomena [G02.111]. *Biochemical Processes [G02.111.087]. *Acylation [G02.111.087.019] ...
Biochemical Phenomena [G02.111]. *Th1-Th2 Balance [G02.111.840]. Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is related to "Th1- ...
Chapter 6. The Phenomena of Interference in Chemical and Biochemical Redox Reactions with Hydrogen Peroxide Chapter 7. New ... Describes the relations between reactions in chemical and biochemical systems with special emphasis to high selective oxidation ...
Kollman, P. (1993). Free energy calculations: applications to chemical and biochemical phenomena. Chem. Rev. 93, 2395-2417. doi ...
... with the dynamic side of biochemical phenomena. ... no one has ever attempted to unify and correlate biochemical ... already too remote from the fundamental biochemical events to have much significance. So far from this being the case, recent ... not only gave increased opportunities for the activities of biochemists but in particular gave a new charter to biochemical ...
... with the dynamic side of biochemical phenomena. ...
Categories: Biochemical Phenomena Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, ...
... biochemical processes give rise to the seemingly magical phenomenon of life. Much of biochemistry deals with the structures and ... By controlling information flow through biochemical signalling and the flow of chemical energy through metabolism; ... explaining living processes that now almost all areas of the life sciences from botany to medicine are engaged in biochemical ...
Vascular remodeling: hemodynamic and biochemical mechanisms underlying Glagovs phenomenon. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2007 ... Endothelial cells transduce the frictional force from blood flow (fluid shear stress) into biochemical signals that regulate ... often called the Glagov phenomenon, is a specific example of the FSS set point theory: blood vessels remodel to maintain a ... to proatherogenic flow and inflammatory cytokines present in atherosclerotic lesions might also explain this phenomenon (86, 87 ...
Mental illness, then, is a biochemical phenomenon. If certain drugs, such as the phenothiazines, are introduced, brain ... such syndromes as the schizophrenias and the cyclothymic phenomena of manic-depression -- may have to do with faulty brain ...
History of environmental chemistry - history of the scientific study of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur in ... Environmental chemistry - Environmental chemistry is the scientific study of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur ... Environmental chemistry - scientific study of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur in natural places. ... history of the Environmental chemistry is the scientific study of the chemical and biochemical phenomena that occur in natural ...
The Biochemical Phenomena. While free radical formation and the activation of Matrix Metalloproteinase enzymes have been ... While it may seem like these three biochemical phenomena are isolated occurrences in the skin, it is important to note their ... At The International Dermal Institute, we maintain that it is the combination of these three phenomena that are responsible for ... it has only been in recent years that they have come to understand the actual biochemical triggers that instigate these changes ...
... it will come from treating memory and personality as biochemical phenomena.. Nonetheless, as I mentioned at the outset, not ... All of the phenomena that we call culture are real and utterly indispensable, but they have to be connected to the emotional ... When one reads the lives of the saints, one comes across the same phenomenon. We cant all have the same brains, or we dont ...
Ermakov G.L. (2003). A theoretical graph method for search and analysis of critical phenomena in biochemical systems. I. ... Ermakov G.L. (2003). A theoretical graph method for search and analysis of critical phenomena in biochemical systems. II. ... Kinetic models of biochemical oscillators including two and three substances. Biochemistry (Moscow) 68: 1121-1131 CrossRef ... Holme P., Huss M. and Jeong H. (2003). Subnetwork hierarchies of biochemical pathways. Bioinformatics 19: 532-538 CrossRef ...
The biochemical limitations causing this phenomenon are not known in detail. Physiological and biochemical studies of T. ... The biochemical limitations causing this phenomenon are not known in detail. Physiological and biochemical studies of T. ...
Does Aβ also account for that biochemical phenomenon? They also do not touch on the cybrid literature, which suggests AD- ...
The physiological and biochemical background of these phenomena was investigated.. *more info ... ...
  • The aim of the course is to provide students with an understanding of the industrial relevance of common biochemical processes and to allow them to model, analyse, and design such systems. (abdn.ac.uk)
  • The design methodology for biochemical processes is described. (abdn.ac.uk)
  • biochemical processes give rise to the seemingly magical phenomenon of life. (princeton.edu)
  • Over the last 40 years biochemistry has become so successful at explaining living processes that now almost all areas of the life sciences from botany to medicine are engaged in biochemical research. (princeton.edu)
  • They even have some inkling as to the "how" of ageing, the biochemical processes which may trigger these cellular phenomena. (economist.com)
  • Recent work on the biochemistry of enzymes that catalyze flavin-based electron bifurcation reveal new paradigms for oxidation reduction based catalysts including expanding the oxidation reduction range of light independent biochemical processes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Presenting engineering fundamentals and biological applications in a unified way, this book provides learners with the skills necessary to develop and critically analyze models of biological transport and reaction processes.It covers topics in fluid mechanics, mass transport, and biochemical interactions, with engineering concepts motivated by specific biological problems.For researchers in biomedical engineering. (ecampus.com)
  • This course provides the Biochemical Engineering students with the necessary knowledge of the fundamentals of reaction engineering, reactor design and operation with special emphasis on biocatalytic processes. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Such questions are of broad interest, ranging from biochemical/physiological phenomena to industrial chemical processes. (liu.se)
  • He is known for his research in transport phenomena, including biological mass-transfer processes, mass-transport reaction modeling, and separations processes. (wikipedia.org)
  • He was elected to the membership of both the National Academy of Engineering for "Contributions to mass transfer and separation processes, and research on quantitative design procedures in biochemical and biomedical engineering" in 1979 and the National Academy of Sciences in 1995. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemical and Biochemical Applications of Lasers aims to give a general introduction to as well as an evaluation of the successful application of lasers in various areas, especially in the fields of chemistry and biochemistry. (elsevier.com)
  • Biochemistry instructors are inundated with various representations from which to choose to depict biochemical phenomena. (ed.gov)
  • Systems as varied as blood clotting, intracellular calcium signaling, and tissue inflammation are all heavily influenced by the balance of rates of reaction and mass transport phenomena including flow and diffusion. (caltech.edu)
  • In this review, we use a phenomenon referred to as patchy switching to illustrate the interplay of nonlinearities, transport phenomena, and spatial effects. (caltech.edu)
  • We describe experimental microfluidic and biochemical tools emerging to test conceptual predictions by controlling transport phenomena and spatial distribution of diffusible signals, and we highlight the unmet need for in vivo tools. (caltech.edu)
  • He, along with R. Byron Bird and Warren E. Stewart, co-authored the classic textbook Transport Phenomena. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1974 Lightfoot wrote Transport Phenomena and Living Systems: Biomedical Aspects of Momentum and Mass Transport. (wikipedia.org)
  • There he co-authored Transport Phenomena with his two colleagues, R. Byron Bird and Warren E. Stewart. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lightfoot was a 2004 recipient of the National Medal of Science, awarded by President George W. Bush "for his innovative research and leadership in transport phenomena focusing on biochemical and biomedical engineering with application to blood oxygenation, bioseparation techniques, and diabetic responses. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lightfoot is the co-author of several influential books in transport phenomena, including the classic textbook Transport Phenomena, which was translated into many foreign languages, including Spanish, Italian, Czech, Russian, and Chinese. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physiological and biochemical studies of T. mathranii, including extraction of intracellular metabolites and enzymes of the pentose phosphate pathway and glycolysis, revealed several bottlenecks in the D-xylose metabolism. (osti.gov)
  • Biochemical Systems Theory (BST) provides an accurate formalism to describe biological dynamic phenomena. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Sense biochemical and physical phenomena, such as wear at the synthetic-biological interface. (upmc.com)
  • Evanescent waves have widespread current use in the imaging of chemical, bio-chemical and biological phenomenon. (scienceblog.com)
  • The authors are leaders in their respective fields of research and their research has involved various aspects of momentum and mass transport related to biological phenomena and technologies. (ecampus.com)
  • Chait's lab specializes in the development of mass spectrometers and other tools and methods for investigating a variety of biological and biochemical phenomena. (rockefeller.edu)
  • Modeling Non-Linear Dynamic Phenomena in Biochemical Networks. (uni-koeln.de)
  • The phenomenon of transactivation is an important biochemical mechanism and potential drug target in multiple diseases. (hindawi.com)
  • The mechanism leading to this unusual phenomenon was investigated by various biochemical and biophysical techniques. (diva-portal.org)
  • The biochemical mechanism underlying this phenomenon was the down-regulation of MHC II-peptide complex formation that accompanied DC maturation. (pnas.org)
  • Thompson, who has been doing research in this area for about 15 years, said he first suspected a biochemical mechanism when observed a man with mental retardation become very agitated and anxious, then begin beating himself over the head. (vanderbilt.edu)
  • Free radicals are not new to the body and are a part of the destruction in the biochemical and physiological process in tissue repair and cellular replication as people age. (hubpages.com)
  • On paper, it sounds like psychobabble-a negative effect caused by a sham treatment based on a patient's expectations-but it is a real biochemical and physiological process, involving pain and stress pathways in the brain. (the-scientist.com)
  • BV in biochemical metabolites is a well-recognized phenomenon in clinical chemistry ( 3 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Losartan therapy for Raynaud's phenomenon and scleroderma: clinical and biochemical findings in a fi. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Kinetic relationships describing important physical, chemical, and biochemical water constituent transformation phenomena. (illinois.edu)
  • The rule is that science does not ever invoke the supernatural in its explanations, but attempts to see how far it can explain phenomena in the universe by strictly physical and material causes (Scott 2004). (grisda.org)
  • The phrenic rebound phenomenon--a new physical sign. (elsevier.com)
  • The pressures and temperatures developing during the interactions of shockwaves with cavitation bubbles and soft matter induce complex phenomena, both at physical and biochemical levels. (europa.eu)
  • The rebound phenomenon after aspirin cessation: The biochemical evidence. (edu.au)
  • Biochemical characteristics, bacteriophage and bacteriocine typing, Dienes tests, and susceptibility to antibiotics were used to classify strains of Proteus mirabilis from 209 patients at Boston City Hospital, Boston, Mass. Three fourths of the strains could be classified into 10 major proticine types. (annals.org)
  • Candida famata and C. guilliermondii are extremely difficult to differentiate by phenotypic features [ 8 , 9 ], so we need to determine whether the recent increase of C. famata in the blood is true or reflects an error by the identification system because of the organism's similarity in biochemical characteristics to other Candida spp. (hindawi.com)
  • Endothelial cells transduce the frictional force from blood flow (fluid shear stress) into biochemical signals that regulate gene expression and cell behavior via specialized mechanisms and pathways. (jci.org)
  • This tinkering has revealed a number of biochemical pathways which are involved in the ageing process in such animals. (economist.com)
  • Biochemical mechanisms of cadmium -induced anemia. (cdc.gov)
  • The biochemical mechanisms underlying those phenomena are not well understood. (cdc.gov)
  • Vascular remodeling: hemodynamic and biochemical mechanisms underlying Glagov's phenomenon. (springer.com)
  • This Research Topic will include review and original research papers dealing with the biochemical properties and physiological implications of enzymes that catalyze flavin-based electron bifurcation. (frontiersin.org)
  • This contributes to the approximative nature of models for metabolic networks implying that the quantitative characterization of biochemical systems still remains an open problem. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Describes the relations between reactions in chemical and biochemical systems with special emphasis to high selective oxidation reactions by hydrogen peroxide. (elsevier.com)
  • Flavin-based electron bifurcation is a fairly recently realized biochemical phenomenon through which endergonic and exergonic oxidation reduction reactions are effectively coupled to yield metabolically favorable reactions with minimal free energy changes. (frontiersin.org)
  • The Research Topic will highlight aspects of the physiological roles and specific reactions catalyzed, evolution, and recent insights into the biochemical and catalytic properties. (frontiersin.org)
  • Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) is a phenomenon used to investigate close-range biochemical interactions. (jove.com)
  • Förster Resonance Energy Transfer, or FRET, is a non-radiative transfer of energy between light-emitting molecules, and is often used to investigate close-range biochemical interactions. (jove.com)
  • The mass and heat transfer theory developed as part of other courses is applied to biochemical process. (abdn.ac.uk)
  • Ageing is one of nature's almost universal phenomena-virtually all multicellular creatures, if given a chance, will go through the process-but still one of its most mysterious. (economist.com)
  • These integrated results thus successfully provided the atomic level and biochemical insights on how PGs containing meso DAP NH2 evade NOD1-LRR receptor recognition. (portlandpress.com)
  • Many biochemical systems are spatially heterogeneous and exhibit nonlinear behaviors, such as state switching in response to small changes in the local concentration of diffusible molecules. (caltech.edu)
  • The following discussion will set forward that the so-called "no-reflow" phenomenon is far more frequent, and has important prognostic implications. (bmj.com)
  • Graph-theoretic methods for the analysis of chemical and biochemical networks. (springer.com)
  • However, knowledge about the molecular organization level, used in these models, is not enough to explain phenomena such as the driving forces of these metabolic networks. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Tswett, M.S. (1903) On a New Category of Adsorption Phenomena and Their Application to Biochemical Analysis. (scirp.org)
  • To explain these phenomena we hypothesized that proximity to cells expressing IDO inhibits T cell activation, possibly due to localized depletion of the essential amino acid tryptophan ( 7 , 12 ). (jimmunol.org)
  • anticipation Phenomenon in which the severity of a genetic condition appears to become more severe and/or arise at an earlier age with subsequent generations (seen in many trinucleotide repeat permutations). (kumc.edu)
  • Now that this pernicious phenomenon is starting to receive the recognition it deserves, the question is: What exactly can be done about it? (the-scientist.com)
  • pressure wave propagation, bubble nucleation and material damage effects will link microscale phenomena to macroscale. (europa.eu)
  • In 1822, almost 200 years ago, Baron Charles Cagniard de Latour (1777-1859) discovered the critical phenomena or critical state [1] [2]. (scirp.org)
  • In the present paper, the application to chromatography of the critical phenomena of compressed gases or overheated liquids as supercritical fluids will be discussed. (scirp.org)
  • Recently, biochemical phenomena and critical points concerning coffee quality in PHP were identified. (springer.com)