Bilophila: A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic bacteria in the family Desulfovibrionaceae. It was originally recovered from infections in patients with gangrenous and PERFORATED APPENDICITIS. It is also associated with ABSCESS; BACTEREMIA; and BILIARY TRACT sepsis.Gram-Negative Anaerobic Bacteria: A large group of anaerobic bacteria which show up as pink (negative) when treated by the Gram-staining method.Deltaproteobacteria: A group of PROTEOBACTERIA represented by morphologically diverse, anaerobic sulfidogens. Some members of this group are considered bacterial predators, having bacteriolytic properties.Desulfovibrionaceae Infections: Infections with bacteria of the family Desulfovibrionaceae.Gram-Negative Anaerobic Straight, Curved, and Helical Rods: A group of anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the Gram-staining method.Isethionic Acid: A colorless, syrupy, strongly acidic liquid that can form detergents with oleic acid.Cholesteatoma: A non-neoplastic mass of keratin-producing squamous EPITHELIUM, frequently occurring in the MENINGES; bones of the skull, and most commonly in the MIDDLE EAR and MASTOID region. Cholesteatoma can be congenital or acquired. Cholesteatoma is not a tumor nor is it associated with high CHOLESTEROL.Cysteic Acid: Beta-Sulfoalanine. An amino acid with a C-terminal sulfonic acid group which has been isolated from human hair oxidized with permanganate. It occurs normally in the outer part of the sheep's fleece, where the wool is exposed to light and weather.Bacteria, AnaerobicGram-Negative Bacterial Infections: Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.Flatulence: Production or presence of gas in the gastrointestinal tract which may be expelled through the anus.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Metagenome: A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Sulfur-Reducing Bacteria: A group of gram-negative, anaerobic bacteria that is able to oxidize acetate completely to carbon dioxide using elemental sulfur as the electron acceptor.Colon: The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Carbapenems: A group of beta-lactam antibiotics in which the sulfur atom in the thiazolidine ring of the penicillin molecule is replaced by a carbon atom. THIENAMYCINS are a subgroup of carbapenems which have a sulfur atom as the first constituent of the side chain.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Imipenem: Semisynthetic thienamycin that has a wide spectrum of antibacterial activity against gram-negative and gram-positive aerobic and anaerobic bacteria, including many multiresistant strains. It is stable to beta-lactamases. Clinical studies have demonstrated high efficacy in the treatment of infections of various body systems. Its effectiveness is enhanced when it is administered in combination with CILASTATIN, a renal dipeptidase inhibitor.Bacteria, AerobicGram-Positive Cocci: Coccus-shaped bacteria that retain the crystal violet stain when treated by Gram's method.Multiple Sclerosis: An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.BooksMicrobiota: The full collection of microbes (bacteria, fungi, virus, etc.) that naturally exist within a particular biological niche such as an organism, soil, a body of water, etc.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Diphenhydramine: A histamine H1 antagonist used as an antiemetic, antitussive, for dermatoses and pruritus, for hypersensitivity reactions, as a hypnotic, an antiparkinson, and as an ingredient in common cold preparations. It has some undesired antimuscarinic and sedative effects.Histamine: An amine derived by enzymatic decarboxylation of HISTIDINE. It is a powerful stimulant of gastric secretion, a constrictor of bronchial smooth muscle, a vasodilator, and also a centrally acting neurotransmitter.Mast Cells: Granulated cells that are found in almost all tissues, most abundantly in the skin and the gastrointestinal tract. Like the BASOPHILS, mast cells contain large amounts of HISTAMINE and HEPARIN. Unlike basophils, mast cells normally remain in the tissues and do not circulate in the blood. Mast cells, derived from the bone marrow stem cells, are regulated by the STEM CELL FACTOR.Receptors, Histamine H1: A class of histamine receptors discriminated by their pharmacology and mode of action. Most histamine H1 receptors operate through the inositol phosphate/diacylglycerol second messenger system. Among the many responses mediated by these receptors are smooth muscle contraction, increased vascular permeability, hormone release, and cerebral glyconeogenesis. (From Biochem Soc Trans 1992 Feb;20(1):122-5)Receptors, Histamine H2: A class of histamine receptors discriminated by their pharmacology and mode of action. Histamine H2 receptors act via G-proteins to stimulate ADENYLYL CYCLASES. Among the many responses mediated by these receptors are gastric acid secretion, smooth muscle relaxation, inotropic and chronotropic effects on heart muscle, and inhibition of lymphocyte function. (From Biochem Soc Trans 1992 Feb;20(1):122-5)Histamine Release: The secretion of histamine from mast cell and basophil granules by exocytosis. This can be initiated by a number of factors, all of which involve binding of IgE, cross-linked by antigen, to the mast cell or basophil's Fc receptors. Once released, histamine binds to a number of different target cell receptors and exerts a wide variety of effects.Receptors, Histamine: Cell-surface proteins that bind histamine and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Histamine receptors are widespread in the central nervous system and in peripheral tissues. Three types have been recognized and designated H1, H2, and H3. They differ in pharmacology, distribution, and mode of action.Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.Colitis, Ulcerative: Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.Gastroenterology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).Crohn Disease: A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.Intestines: The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.Philosophy, MedicalGastrointestinal Tract: Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Metagenomics: The genomic analysis of assemblages of organisms.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Dyscalculia: Impaired ability in numerical concepts. These inabilities arise as a result of primary neurological lesion, are syndromic (e.g., GERSTMANN SYNDROME ) or acquired due to brain damage.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Faculty, Nursing: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a nursing school.Factor XIa: Activated form of factor XI. In the intrinsic pathway, Factor XI is activated to XIa by factor XIIa in the presence of cofactor HMWK; (HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT KININOGEN). Factor XIa then activates factor IX to factor IXa in the presence of calcium.

Two intriguing Bilophila wadsworthia cases from Hungary. (1/3)

Bilophila wadsworthia, an obligately anaerobic Gram-negative bacillus, was first isolated from appendicitis specimens and human faeces. The two cases described here are the first report of the isolation of B. wadsworthia in Hungary, and include the first isolation from chronic mastoiditis complicated with a brain abscess.  (+info)

Dietary-fat-induced taurocholic acid promotes pathobiont expansion and colitis in Il10-/- mice. (2/3)

 (+info)

Diet rapidly and reproducibly alters the human gut microbiome. (3/3)

 (+info)

*Desulfovibrionales

The majority are sulfate-reducing, with the exception of Lawsonia and Bilophila. All members of this order are obligately ...

*Taurine-pyruvate aminotransferase

... pyruvate aminotransferase from the anaerobe Bilophila wadsworthia". Eur. J. Biochem. 267 (23): 6841-8. doi:10.1046/j.1432- ...

*Anaerobic infection

Bilophila and Sutterella spp.); 2. Gram-positive cocci (primarily Peptostreptococcus spp.); 3. Gram-positive spore-forming ( ...

*List of MeSH codes (B03)

Bilophila MeSH B03.440.425.410.237 --- Butyrivibrio MeSH B03.440.425.410.275 --- Chlorobium MeSH B03.440.425.410.290 --- ... Bilophila MeSH B03.660.125.125 --- Desulfovibrio MeSH B03.660.125.125.040 --- Desulfovibrio africanus MeSH B03.660.125.125.150 ...
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Mucispirillum schaedleri is an abundant inhabitant of the intestinal mucus layer of rodents and other animals and has been suggested to be a pathobiont, a commensal that plays a role in disease. In order to gain insights into its lifestyle, we analyzed the genome and transcriptome of M. schaedleri ASF 457 and performed physiological experiments to test traits predicted by its genome. Although described as a mucus inhabitant, M. schaedleri has limited capacity for degrading host-derived mucosal glycans and other complex polysaccharides. Additionally, M. schaedleri reduces nitrate and expresses systems for scavenging oxygen and reactive oxygen species in vivo, which may account for its localization close to the mucosal tissue and expansion during inflammation. Also of note, M. schaedleri harbors a type VI secretion system and putative effector proteins and can modify gene expression in mucosal tissue, suggesting intimate interactions with its host and a possible role in inflammation. The M. ...
Mucispirillum schaedleri is an abundant inhabitant of the intestinal mucus layer of rodents and other animals and has been suggested to be a pathobiont, a commensal that plays a role in disease. In order to gain insights into its lifestyle, we analyzed the genome and transcriptome of M. schaedleri ASF 457 and performed physiological experiments to test traits predicted by its genome. Although described as a mucus inhabitant, M. schaedleri has limited capacity for degrading host-derived mucosal glycans and other complex polysaccharides. Additionally, M. schaedleri reduces nitrate and expresses systems for scavenging oxygen and reactive oxygen species in vivo, which may account for its localization close to the mucosal tissue and expansion during inflammation. Also of note, M. schaedleri harbors a type VI secretion system and putative effector proteins and can modify gene expression in mucosal tissue, suggesting intimate interactions with its host and a possible role in inflammation. The M. ...
Nayfach S, Fischbach MA, Pollard KS. MetaQuery: a web server for rapid annotation and quantitative analysis of specific genes in the human gut microbiome. Bioinformatics 2015;31(14). doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btv382 ...
We investigated three bovine respiratory pathobionts in healthy cattle using qPCR optimised and validated to quantify Histophilus somni, Mannheimia haemolytica and Pasteurella multocida over a wide dynamic range. A longitudinal study was conducted to investigate the carriage and density of these bacteria in the nasal passages of healthy beef calves (N = 60) housed over winter in an experimental farm setting. The three pathobiont species exhibited remarkably different carriage rates and density profiles. At housing, high carriage rates were observed for P. multocida (95%), and H. somni (75%), while fewer calves were positive for M. haemolytica (13%). Carriage rates for all three bacterial species declined over the 75-day study, but not all individuals became colonised despite sharing of environment and airspace. Colonisation patterns ranged from continuous to intermittent and were different among pathobiont species. Interval-censored exponential survival models estimated the median duration of H. somni
The human gut microbiome has a considerable impact on host health. The long list of microbiome-related health disorders raises the question of what in fact determines microbiome composition. In this review we sought to understand how the host itself impacts the structure of the gut microbiota population, specifically by correlations of host genetics and gut microbiome composition.Host genetic profile has been linked to differences in microbiome composition, thus suggesting that host genetics can shape the gut microbiome of the host. However, cause-consequence mechanisms behind these links are still unclear. A survey of the possible mechanisms allowing host genetics to shape microbiota composition in the gut demonstrated the major role of metabolic functions and the immune system. A considerable impact of other factors, such as diet, may outweigh the effects of host genetic background. More studies are necessary for good understanding of the relations between the host genetic profile, gut microbiome
Taken together, the topological features that were found to vary with obesity and IBD suggest a characteristic mode of deviation from a normal microbiome organization that may be associated with a disease state. This suggests that in addition to, or potentially as a consequence of, alterations in the abundance of individual genes or functional classes, disease may be associated with higher order modes of deviation in the microbiome. Clearly, such associations alone cannot directly implicate a mechanism for disease; both obesity and IBD are poorly understood diseases and embody extremely complex phenotypes. Accordingly, the system-level observations reported in this study can have multiple alternative interpretations and stem from mechanisms that are yet unknown. These observations, however, allow us to posit intriguing hypotheses for further study.. Specifically, we find that enzymes typifying various host states tend to have low centrality and are found mostly in the periphery of the network. ...
The human gut microbiome is a diverse community of microbial eukaryotes, viruses, archaea, and mostly bacteria [1-3], many of which play important roles in immunity, metabolism and nutrition [4-6]. The community structure of the microbiome is determined by many factors, including geography, sex, host genetics, and age [7-11].. Microbiome composition and structure may also vary within individuals over time, although most individuals have a relatively stable microbiome [12, 13]. Individuals with highly diverse microbiomes tend to be more stable through time [12]. Other studies have shown that individuality is preserved through time, underlying an overall stable and personalized microbiome [14]. On time scales of days to weeks, diet is the main factor driving composition and structure of the gut microbiome [13]. For example, some types of dietary fiber transits through the digestive tract without being assimilated by the human body, providing a food source for fermentative bacteria [15]. High fiber ...
A pleiotropic missense variant in SLC39A8 is associated with Crohns disease and human gut microbiome composition. Li D, Achkar JP, Haritunians T, Jacobs JP, Hui KY, DAmato M, Brand S, Radford-Smith G, Halfvarson J, Niess JH, Kugathasan S, Buning C, Schumm LP, Klei L, Ananthakrishnan A, Aumais G, Baidoo L, Dubinsky M, Fiocchi C, Glas J, Milgrom R, Proctor DD, Regueiro M, Simms LA, Stempak JM, Targan S, Torkvist L, Sharma Y, Devlin B, Borneman J, Hakonarson H, Xavier RJ, Daly M, Brant SR, Rioux JD, Silverberg MS, Cho JH, Braun J, McGovern DPB, Duerr RH. A pleiotropic missense variant in SLC39A8 is associated with Crohns disease and human gut microbiome composition. Gastroenterology 2016;151:724-732 ...
Patients that have a higher diversity in gut microbiome were responders and the PFS or OS was better Patients that do not take antibiotics have a better OS (reference ...
The human gut microbiome can modulate metabolic health and affect insulin resistance, and may play an important role in the etiology of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Here, we compared the gut microbial composition of 43 GDM patients and 81 healthy pregnant women via whole-metagenome shotgun sequencing of their fecal samples collected at 21-29 weeks, to explore associations between GDM and the composition of microbial taxonomic units and functional genes. Metagenome-wide association study (MGWAS) identified 154,837 genes, which clustered into 129 metagenome linkage groups (MLGs) for species description, with significant relative abundance differences between the two cohorts. Parabacteroides distasonis, Klebsiella variicola, etc., were enriched in GDM patients, whereas Methanobrevibacter smithii, Alistipes spp., Bifidobacterium spp. and Eubacterium spp. were enriched in controls. The ratios of the gross abundances of GDM-enriched MLGs to control-enriched MLGs were positively correlated with blood
The latest revelation in human gut microbiome research is the gut bacterial profiles of fifteen tribal populations representing four geographic regions (Assam, Telangana, Manipur and Sikkim) from India. The study by Dehingia, et al. (2015), Gut bacterial diversity of the tribes of India and comparison with the worldwide data (see References), is a good addition to the knowledge base of gut microbiome profiles across various human populations (Dehingia et al., 2015).. Why is this study relevant and important? Because most of the tribes around the world represent a gut microbiome profile of human ancestral lifestyle, one that was unaffected by "junk" food and was more physically active. Several lifestyle-associated disorders/diseases like type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and obesity have been linked to variations in human gut microbiome composition and function. Thus, having the knowledge of our ancestral gut microbiome is a good starting point to identify what changes have occurred since the ...
Abstract Colon Cancer is the most common cancer among Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) patients and IBD is one of the three leading high-risk factors for Colon Cancer. In 2012 it was found, by using genetic sequencing of the gut microbiome, that Fusobacteria sequences were enriched in colorectal carcinomas (CRC). To explore this possible link between inflammation, gut microbes, and colon cancer I have turned my own body into a
There is a new phenomenon sweeping the globe (or at least sweeping the imagination of people around the globe). It is the human gut microbiome and the role it may play in the future of human health.
A new study presented at UEG Week 2019 shows that a plant-based and Mediterranean diet can help protect the gut microbiome and help reduce inflammation.
A new study has identified links between alterations in gut microbial populations and multiple markers of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Changes to the gut microbiome and its associated genes are increasingly thought to be involved in obesity and type 2 diabetes through complex mechanisms that are not fully elucidated.
Abstract: We propose to investigate the hypothesis that consistent changes in the human gut microbiome are associated with Crohns disease, a form of inflammatory bowel disease, and that altered microbiota contributes to pathogenesis. Analysis of this problem is greatly complicated by the fact that multiple factors influence the composition of the gut microbiota, including diet, host genotype, and disease state. For example, data from others and us document a drastic impact of diet on the composition of the gut microbiome. No amount of sequencing will yield a useful picture of the role of the microbiota in disease if samples are confounded with uncontrolled variables. Our proposed project will take advantage of our experience with deep sequencing to characterize the composition of the gut microbiome, but also control diet, host genotype, and disease state. Diet will be controlled by analyzing children treated for Crohns disease by placing them on a standardized elemental diet, and by testing ...
Penn Medicine researchers have singled out a bacterial enzyme behind an imbalance in the gut microbiome linked to Crohns disease. The new study, published online this week in Science Translational Medicine, suggests that wiping out a significant portion of the bacteria in the gut microbiome, and then re-introducing a certain type of "good" bacteria that lacks this enzyme, known as urease, may be an effective approach to better treat these diseases.. Click here for more.. ...
Gastroenterology is proud to present a special issue devoted to The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease. The human body contains over 10 times more microbial cells than human cells. This microbiome (the commensal, symbiotic, and pathogenic microorganisms that share our body space) maintains the health and function of many tissues, and its disruption contributes…
|p|Each of us has a unique gut microbiome - the composition of which can change on a daily basis. Your microbiome can affect your weight, your food cravings, your immune system and your mental health.|/p|
A new study explores the potential link between the gut microbiome and mental health. Researchers report depression may be influenced by disturbances to gut bacteria, suggesting nutrition and diet, in combination with other strategies, could help treat the disorder.
A research team led by Tufts University engineers has developed a 3D printed pill that samples bacteria found in the gut -- known as the microbiome -- as it passes through the gastrointestinal tract (GI).
Technology Networks is an internationally recognised publisher that provides access to the latest scientific news, products, research, videos and posters.
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General Microbiome Chlamydia retesting and retest positivity rates: results from a state-wide laboratory data linkage study in Tasmania, 2012-13 - Nicola Stephens - Sexual Health Human Gut Microbiome Gut metagenomes of type 2 diabetic patients have characteristic single-nucleotide polymorphism distribution in Bacteroides coprocola - Yaowen Chen - Microbiome Animal Microbiome Influence of different inclusion levels and chain length…
We are always looking for talented post-doctoral fellows interested in working in an interdisciplinary research group that is developing and applying new metagenomic methods for analyzing the community structure, gene content, and transcriptional activity of the human gut microbiome. A major focus is on understanding how the microbiota and microbiome participate in the metabolism of various xenobiotics, including orally ingested drugs, and the impact of these activities on health, disease risk and therapeutic efficacy. Ideally, the candidate should have a PhD and research interests in comparative genomics, microbiology, computational biology, statistics, and/or biological chemistry/pharmacology ...
The human gut microbiome is truly mind-boggling. We are teaming with microorganisms and their presence has been implicated not just in C. difficile colitis but in obesity, cardiovascular disease and a whole host of other diseases. The suggestion has even been made that our genetic code should be described as not only the DNA found within our cells, but as an amalgamation of that and the genes found in the microorganisms that surround and cover us - that the microorganisms are an intrinsic part of us ...
From BioPortfolio: A new study by Vancheswaran Gopalakrishnan (MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA) and colleagues has found that the composition of the gut microbiome aff...

Anal gas evacuation and colonic microbiota in patients with flatulence: effect of diet | GutAnal gas evacuation and colonic microbiota in patients with flatulence: effect of diet | Gut

Another taxon, Bilophila wadsworthia, positively correlated with volume of gas evacuated (R=0.64; p,0.001; FDR=0.12). An ... Bilophila wadsworthia: a unique Gram-negative anaerobic rod. Anaerobe 1997;3:83-6. ... Bilophila wadsworthia isolates from clinical specimens. J Clin Microbiol 1992;30:1882-4. ... Taxa from Bacteroides fragilis or Bilophila wadsworthia correlated with number of gas evacuations or volume of gas evacuated, ...
more infohttp://gut.bmj.com/content/63/3/401.full

A glycyl radical enzyme enables hydrogen sulfide production by the human intestinal bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia | PNASA glycyl radical enzyme enables hydrogen sulfide production by the human intestinal bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia | PNAS

A glycyl radical enzyme enables hydrogen sulfide production by the human intestinal bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia. Spencer C ... A glycyl radical enzyme enables hydrogen sulfide production by the human intestinal bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia ... A glycyl radical enzyme enables hydrogen sulfide production by the human intestinal bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia ... A glycyl radical enzyme enables hydrogen sulfide production by the human intestinal bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia ...
more infohttps://www.pnas.org/content/116/8/3171/tab-figures-data

Bilophila wadsworthia Bacteria. SEM X18 - Stock Image C005/7903 - Science Photo LibraryBilophila wadsworthia Bacteria. SEM X18 - Stock Image C005/7903 - Science Photo Library

Bilophila wadsworthia Bacteria. SEM X18,600 .B. wadsworthia is a common inhabitant of the lower intestinal tract but is also an ... Caption: Bilophila wadsworthia Bacteria. SEM X18,600 .B. wadsworthia is a common inhabitant of the lower intestinal tract but ... Keywords: 54406130, appendicitis, bacteria, bilophila wadsworthia, dr. fred hossler, em, horizontal, microbiology, microscopic ...
more infohttp://www.sciencephoto.com/media/121453/view

BilophilaBilophila

... Baron et al. 1990, gen. nov. Type species: ¤ Bilophila wadsworthia Baron et al. 1990. Etymology: L. n. bilis, bile; N ... Genus Bilophila. Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow (→) only indicates the ... n. Bilophila, bile-loving organism. Valid publication: Validation List no. 34. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 320-321. ... Bilophila wadsworthia Baron et al. 1990, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.) Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WAL 7959 ...
more infohttp://www.bacterio.net/bilophila.html

Advances in Gut Microbiota of Viral Hepatitis CirrhosisAdvances in Gut Microbiota of Viral Hepatitis Cirrhosis

Clostridium IV, Bilophila. Streptococcus, Veillonella. Mitsuokella, Victivallis. Haemophilus, Akkermansia. Butyricimonas. Aly ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2019/9726786/

Plus itPlus it

S2). The Bilophila genus was also more predictive than most other genera included in this analysis; however, these genera did ... Both Bilophila and Desulfovibrio produce genotoxic hydrogen sulfide (H2S) as an endproduct of anaerobic respiration (31-33) and ... 511 Bilophila wadsworthia is more abundant in the colonic microbiome of colorectal cancer cases compared to healthy controls. ... Bilophila. Bergeys Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015. DOI: 10.1002/9781118960608. ...
more infohttp://cebp.aacrjournals.org/content/26/1/85

Bacteria Sem X18600 Photo | Getty ImagesBacteria Sem X18600 Photo | Getty Images

Bilophila wadsworthia) Bacteria. SEM X18,600. B. wadsworthia is a common inhabitant of the lower intestinal tract but is also ...
more infohttps://www.gettyimages.fr/detail/photo/bacteria-sem-x18-600-photo/vis899165

Bacteria Sem X18600 Foto de stock | Getty ImagesBacteria Sem X18600 Foto de stock | Getty Images

Bilophila wadsworthia) Bacteria. SEM X18,600. B. wadsworthia is a common inhabitant of the lower intestinal tract but is also ...
more infohttps://www.gettyimages.es/detail/foto/bacteria-sem-x18-600-fotograf%C3%ADa-de-stock/vis899165

Academic BibliographyAcademic Bibliography

BILOPHILA-WADSWORTHIA BACTEREMIA IN A PATIENT WITH GANGRENOUS APPENDICITIS. D BERNARD, Gerda Verschraegen (UGent) , Geert ... Bilophila wadsworthia Bacteremia in a Patient with Gangrenous Appendicitis. Clin. Inf. Diseases, 1994, 18, 1023-1024. D BERNARD ...
more infohttps://biblio.ugent.be/publication?start=10&q=author%3D%22Bernard%2C+D%22+or+

Academic BibliographyAcademic Bibliography

BILOPHILA-WADSWORTHIA BACTEREMIA IN A PATIENT WITH GANGRENOUS APPENDICITIS. D BERNARD, Gerda Verschraegen (UGent) , Geert ... Bilophila wadsworthia Bacteremia in a Patient with Gangrenous Appendicitis. Clin. Inf. Diseases, 1994, 18, 1023-1024. D BERNARD ...
more infohttps://biblio.ugent.be/publication?start=30&q=author%3D%22BERNARD%2C+D

Pasteurella multocida subsp.multocida and P. multocida subsp.septica Differentiation by PCR Fingerprinting and α-Glucosidase...Pasteurella multocida subsp.multocida and P. multocida subsp.septica Differentiation by PCR Fingerprinting and α-Glucosidase...

1997) Bilophila wadsworthia clinical isolates compared by polymerase chain reaction fingerprinting. Clin. Infect. Dis. 25 ( ... 1999) Characterization of Bilophila wadsworthia isolates using PCR fingerprinting. Anaerobe 5:589-593. ...
more infohttps://jcm.asm.org/content/39/7/2558

Antibiotic Therapy for Appendicitis in ChildrenAntibiotic Therapy for Appendicitis in Children

Bilophila wadsworthia, and Peptostreptococcus species.2 Various factors may increase or decrease a patients risk of developing ...
more infohttps://www.uspharmacist.com/article/antibiotic-therapy-for-appendicitis-in-children

Wilson KH[au] - PubMed - NCBIWilson KH[au] - PubMed - NCBI

Preliminary study using species-specific oligonucleotide probe for rRNA of Bilophila wadsworthia. ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=search&term=Wilson+KH%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50

Table of Contents - February 19, 2019, 116 (8) | PNASTable of Contents - February 19, 2019, 116 (8) | PNAS

A glycyl radical enzyme enables hydrogen sulfide production by the human intestinal bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia Spencer C. ...
more infohttps://www.pnas.org/content/116/8

Do You Have a Fibre Deficiency? | HuffPost UKDo You Have a Fibre Deficiency? | HuffPost UK

Its thought that milk causes a bloom in the colitogenic bacteria Bilophila wadsworthia. Likewise, oral iron intake may ...
more infohttps://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/laura-thomas-phd/fibre-deficiency_b_9261612.html

Frontiers | Macroalga-Derived Alginate Oligosaccharide Alters Intestinal Bacteria of Atlantic Salmon | MicrobiologyFrontiers | Macroalga-Derived Alginate Oligosaccharide Alters Intestinal Bacteria of Atlantic Salmon | Microbiology

... and Bilophila) but not all microorganisms (Vandeputte et al., 2017). Prebiotics such as the non-digestible oligosaccharides are ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2019.02037/full

Desulfovibrionales - WikipediaDesulfovibrionales - Wikipedia

The majority are sulfate-reducing, with the exception of Lawsonia and Bilophila. All members of this order are obligately ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desulfovibrionales

Maternal Soluble Fiber Diet during Pregnancy Changes the Intestinal Microbiota, Improves Growth Performance, and Reduces...Maternal Soluble Fiber Diet during Pregnancy Changes the Intestinal Microbiota, Improves Growth Performance, and Reduces...

Bilophila wadsworthia: a unique Gram-negative anaerobic rod. Anaerobe 3:83-86. doi:10.1006/anae.1997.0075. ... Bacteria within the genus Bilophila are strictly anaerobes and contribute less than 0.01% of the normal gut microbiota in human ... in SF piglets were positively correlated with growth rate, while the decreased abundances of Bilophila spp. were positively ... Interestingly, the Spearman correlation analysis showed that the decreased relative abundances of Bilophila spp. in piglets ...
more infohttps://aem.asm.org/content/84/17/e01047-18

Taurine-pyruvate aminotransferase - WikipediaTaurine-pyruvate aminotransferase - Wikipedia

... pyruvate aminotransferase from the anaerobe Bilophila wadsworthia". Eur. J. Biochem. 267 (23): 6841-8. doi:10.1046/j.1432- ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taurine%E2%80%94pyruvate_aminotransferase

Why Some Dairy Products Are More Closely Linked to Parkinsons Disease | NutritionFacts.orgWhy Some Dairy Products Are More Closely Linked to Parkinson's Disease | NutritionFacts.org

Bilophila wadsworthia: a unique Gram-negative anaerobic rod. Anaerobe. 1997; 3(2-3); p.83-86.] It is estimated that 70% of ... 3. Milk consumption fosters the growth of an extremely unhealthy gut organism, bilophila wadsworthia. It causes increased ... bilophila wadsworthia, an unhealthy appendix, increased intestinal permeability, and the spread of alpha-synuclein in the gut; ...
more infohttps://nutritionfacts.org/2019/07/02/why-some-dairy-products-are-more-closely-linked-to-parkinsons-disease/?utm_source=NutritionFacts.org&utm_campaign=8e502bdeaf-RSS_BLOG_DAILY&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_40f9e497d1-8e502bdeaf-25209481&mc_cid=8e502bdeaf&mc_eid=b95641625a

Doctors Co-opt Probiotics -- Beneficial Bacteria & Probiotic Research NewsletterDoctors Co-opt Probiotics -- Beneficial Bacteria & Probiotic Research Newsletter

One bacterium in particular, Bilophila wadsworthia, was identified. It thrives in the extra bile produced to break down the ...
more infohttps://www.jonbarron.org/article/co-option-probiotics-has-begun

US5403721A - Precipitate test for microorganisms 
        - Google PatentsUS5403721A - Precipitate test for microorganisms - Google Patents

Bilophila wadsworthia, gen. nov. and sp. nov., a unique gram-negative anaerobic rod recovered from appendicitis specimens and ...
more infohttps://patents.google.com/patent/US5403721A/en

Chowing Down On Meat, Dairy Alters Gut Bacteria A Lot, And Quickly | Colorado Public RadioChowing Down On Meat, Dairy Alters Gut Bacteria A Lot, And Quickly | Colorado Public Radio

A study last year found that blooms of Bilophila cause inflammation and colitis in mice. "But we didnt measure levels of ... Even just classifying Bilophila as "bad bacteria" is a tricky matter, says Dr. Purna Kashyap, a gastroenterologist at the Mayo ... In particular, microbes that "love bile" - the Bilophila - started to dominate the volunteers guts during the animal-based ... Instead, he says, his teams data support the overall animal model that Bilophila promotes inflammation, which could ultimately ...
more infohttps://www.cpr.org/2013/12/11/chowing-down-on-meat-dairy-alters-gut-bacteria-a-lot-and-quickly/
  • Bile acids have been shown to cause inflammatory bowel disease in mice by stimulating the growth of the bacterium Bilophila, which is known to reduce sulphite to hydrogen sulphide via the sulphite reductase enzyme DsrA (Extended Data Fig. 10). (ketotic.org)
  • Here we show that consumption of a diet high in saturated (milk-derived) fat, but not polyunsaturated (safflower oil) fat, changes the conditions for microbial assemblage and promotes the expansion of a low-abundance, sulphite-reducing pathobiont, Bilophila wadsworthia2. (ketotic.org)
  • in SF piglets were positively correlated with growth rate, while the decreased abundances of Bilophila spp. (asm.org)