A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic bacteria in the family Desulfovibrionaceae. It was originally recovered from infections in patients with gangrenous and PERFORATED APPENDICITIS. It is also associated with ABSCESS; BACTEREMIA; and BILIARY TRACT sepsis.
A large group of anaerobic bacteria which show up as pink (negative) when treated by the Gram-staining method.
A group of PROTEOBACTERIA represented by morphologically diverse, anaerobic sulfidogens. Some members of this group are considered bacterial predators, having bacteriolytic properties.
Infections with bacteria of the family Desulfovibrionaceae.
A group of anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the Gram-staining method.
A colorless, syrupy, strongly acidic liquid that can form detergents with oleic acid.
A non-neoplastic mass of keratin-producing squamous EPITHELIUM, frequently occurring in the MENINGES; bones of the skull, and most commonly in the MIDDLE EAR and MASTOID region. Cholesteatoma can be congenital or acquired. Cholesteatoma is not a tumor nor is it associated with high CHOLESTEROL.
Beta-Sulfoalanine. An amino acid with a C-terminal sulfonic acid group which has been isolated from human hair oxidized with permanganate. It occurs normally in the outer part of the sheep's fleece, where the wool is exposed to light and weather.
Infections caused by bacteria that show up as pink (negative) when treated by the gram-staining method.
Production or presence of gas in the gastrointestinal tract which may be expelled through the anus.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.
Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.
A group of gram-negative, anaerobic bacteria that is able to oxidize acetate completely to carbon dioxide using elemental sulfur as the electron acceptor.
The segment of LARGE INTESTINE between the CECUM and the RECTUM. It includes the ASCENDING COLON; the TRANSVERSE COLON; the DESCENDING COLON; and the SIGMOID COLON.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.

Two intriguing Bilophila wadsworthia cases from Hungary. (1/3)

Bilophila wadsworthia, an obligately anaerobic Gram-negative bacillus, was first isolated from appendicitis specimens and human faeces. The two cases described here are the first report of the isolation of B. wadsworthia in Hungary, and include the first isolation from chronic mastoiditis complicated with a brain abscess.  (+info)

Dietary-fat-induced taurocholic acid promotes pathobiont expansion and colitis in Il10-/- mice. (2/3)

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Diet rapidly and reproducibly alters the human gut microbiome. (3/3)

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Mucispirillum schaedleri is an abundant inhabitant of the intestinal mucus layer of rodents and other animals and has been suggested to be a pathobiont, a commensal that plays a role in disease. In order to gain insights into its lifestyle, we analyzed the genome and transcriptome of M. schaedleri ASF 457 and performed physiological experiments to test traits predicted by its genome. Although described as a mucus inhabitant, M. schaedleri has limited capacity for degrading host-derived mucosal glycans and other complex polysaccharides. Additionally, M. schaedleri reduces nitrate and expresses systems for scavenging oxygen and reactive oxygen species in vivo, which may account for its localization close to the mucosal tissue and expansion during inflammation. Also of note, M. schaedleri harbors a type VI secretion system and putative effector proteins and can modify gene expression in mucosal tissue, suggesting intimate interactions with its host and a possible role in inflammation. The M. ...
Mucispirillum schaedleri is an abundant inhabitant of the intestinal mucus layer of rodents and other animals and has been suggested to be a pathobiont, a commensal that plays a role in disease. In order to gain insights into its lifestyle, we analyzed the genome and transcriptome of M. schaedleri ASF 457 and performed physiological experiments to test traits predicted by its genome. Although described as a mucus inhabitant, M. schaedleri has limited capacity for degrading host-derived mucosal glycans and other complex polysaccharides. Additionally, M. schaedleri reduces nitrate and expresses systems for scavenging oxygen and reactive oxygen species in vivo, which may account for its localization close to the mucosal tissue and expansion during inflammation. Also of note, M. schaedleri harbors a type VI secretion system and putative effector proteins and can modify gene expression in mucosal tissue, suggesting intimate interactions with its host and a possible role in inflammation. The M. ...
Nayfach S, Fischbach MA, Pollard KS. MetaQuery: a web server for rapid annotation and quantitative analysis of specific genes in the human gut microbiome. Bioinformatics 2015;31(14). doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btv382 ...
Nayfach S, Fischbach MA, Pollard KS. MetaQuery: a web server for rapid annotation and quantitative analysis of specific genes in the human gut microbiome. Bioinformatics 2015;31(14). doi:10.1093/bioinformatics/btv382 ...
We investigated three bovine respiratory pathobionts in healthy cattle using qPCR optimised and validated to quantify Histophilus somni, Mannheimia haemolytica and Pasteurella multocida over a wide dynamic range. A longitudinal study was conducted to investigate the carriage and density of these bacteria in the nasal passages of healthy beef calves (N = 60) housed over winter in an experimental farm setting. The three pathobiont species exhibited remarkably different carriage rates and density profiles. At housing, high carriage rates were observed for P. multocida (95%), and H. somni (75%), while fewer calves were positive for M. haemolytica (13%). Carriage rates for all three bacterial species declined over the 75-day study, but not all individuals became colonised despite sharing of environment and airspace. Colonisation patterns ranged from continuous to intermittent and were different among pathobiont species. Interval-censored exponential survival models estimated the median duration of H. somni
ABSTRACT OF THE DISSERTATION A Gnotobiotic Mouse Model for Studying the Effect of Human Gut Community Ecology on a Pathobiont, Bacteroides fragilis by Vitas Wagner Doctor of Philosophy in Biology and Biomedical Sciences Evolution, Ecology, and Population Biology Washington University in St. Louis, 2015 Professor Jeffrey I. Gordon, Chair Childhood undernutrition represents a pressing global health challenge. Epidemiologic studies have shown that undernutrition is not due to food insecurity alone, but rather represents a complex set of interactions between intra- and intergenerational factors. The gut microbiota has been implicated as one such factor. This thesis tested the hypothesis that enteropathogen burden affects the structure and expressed functions of the gut microbiota, and reciprocally, the gut microbiota affects susceptibility to the effects of enteropathogen invasion. To examine this hypothesis, groups of adult germ-free C57Bl/6 mice were colonized with fecal microbiota sampled from two 24
The human gut microbiome has a considerable impact on host health. The long list of microbiome-related health disorders raises the question of what in fact determines microbiome composition. In this review we sought to understand how the host itself impacts the structure of the gut microbiota population, specifically by correlations of host genetics and gut microbiome composition.Host genetic profile has been linked to differences in microbiome composition, thus suggesting that host genetics can shape the gut microbiome of the host. However, cause-consequence mechanisms behind these links are still unclear. A survey of the possible mechanisms allowing host genetics to shape microbiota composition in the gut demonstrated the major role of metabolic functions and the immune system. A considerable impact of other factors, such as diet, may outweigh the effects of host genetic background. More studies are necessary for good understanding of the relations between the host genetic profile, gut microbiome
Taken together, the topological features that were found to vary with obesity and IBD suggest a characteristic mode of deviation from a normal microbiome organization that may be associated with a disease state. This suggests that in addition to, or potentially as a consequence of, alterations in the abundance of individual genes or functional classes, disease may be associated with higher order modes of deviation in the microbiome. Clearly, such associations alone cannot directly implicate a mechanism for disease; both obesity and IBD are poorly understood diseases and embody extremely complex phenotypes. Accordingly, the system-level observations reported in this study can have multiple alternative interpretations and stem from mechanisms that are yet unknown. These observations, however, allow us to posit intriguing hypotheses for further study.. Specifically, we find that enzymes typifying various host states tend to have low centrality and are found mostly in the periphery of the network. ...
The human gut microbiome is a critical component of digestion, breaking down complex carbohydrates, proteins, and to a lesser extent fats that reach the lower gastrointestinal tract. This process results in a multitude of microbial metabolites that can act both locally and systemically (after being absorbed into the bloodstream). The impact of these biochemicals on human health is complex, as both potentially beneficial and potentially toxic metabolites can be yielded from such microbial pathways, and in some cases, these effects are dependent upon the metabolite concentration or organ locality. The aim of this review is to summarize our current knowledge of how macronutrient metabolism by the gut microbiome influences human health. Metabolites to be discussed include short-chain fatty acids and alcohols (mainly yielded from monosaccharides); ammonia, branched-chain fatty acids, amines, sulfur compounds, phenols, and indoles (derived from amino acids); glycerol and choline derivatives (obtained from the
Taurocholic acid (CAS 81-24-3) Market Research Report 2017 aims at providing comprehensive data on taurocholic acid market globally and regionally (Europe,
The human gut microbiome is a diverse community of microbial eukaryotes, viruses, archaea, and mostly bacteria [1-3], many of which play important roles in immunity, metabolism and nutrition [4-6]. The community structure of the microbiome is determined by many factors, including geography, sex, host genetics, and age [7-11].. Microbiome composition and structure may also vary within individuals over time, although most individuals have a relatively stable microbiome [12, 13]. Individuals with highly diverse microbiomes tend to be more stable through time [12]. Other studies have shown that individuality is preserved through time, underlying an overall stable and personalized microbiome [14]. On time scales of days to weeks, diet is the main factor driving composition and structure of the gut microbiome [13]. For example, some types of dietary fiber transits through the digestive tract without being assimilated by the human body, providing a food source for fermentative bacteria [15]. High fiber ...
A pleiotropic missense variant in SLC39A8 is associated with Crohns disease and human gut microbiome composition. Li D, Achkar JP, Haritunians T, Jacobs JP, Hui KY, DAmato M, Brand S, Radford-Smith G, Halfvarson J, Niess JH, Kugathasan S, Buning C, Schumm LP, Klei L, Ananthakrishnan A, Aumais G, Baidoo L, Dubinsky M, Fiocchi C, Glas J, Milgrom R, Proctor DD, Regueiro M, Simms LA, Stempak JM, Targan S, Torkvist L, Sharma Y, Devlin B, Borneman J, Hakonarson H, Xavier RJ, Daly M, Brant SR, Rioux JD, Silverberg MS, Cho JH, Braun J, McGovern DPB, Duerr RH. A pleiotropic missense variant in SLC39A8 is associated with Crohns disease and human gut microbiome composition. Gastroenterology 2016;151:724-732 ...
Omega 3 fats support inflammation and have targeted effects on the gut microbiome. Pro-resolving mediators uniquely help resolve inflammation in the gut
OlaWell analyzes the bacteria in your gut with proprietary algorithms to identify specific foods that can improve the balance and overall well-being of your gut microbiome.
Patients that have a higher diversity in gut microbiome were responders and the PFS or OS was better Patients that do not take antibiotics have a better OS (reference ...
Harvard scientists have pinpointed specific gut microbiome linked to peak athletic performance. Someday soon, these findings could be used to benefit people from all walks of life.
The microbes that inhabit our bodies are influenced by what we eat, drink, breathe and absorb through our skin, and most of us are chronically exposed to
With 4Life Pre/O Biotics, youll maintain a healthy gut microbiome, enable your body to absorb nutrients more effectively, and strengthen your immune system.
The human gut microbiome can modulate metabolic health and affect insulin resistance, and may play an important role in the etiology of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Here, we compared the gut microbial composition of 43 GDM patients and 81 healthy pregnant women via whole-metagenome shotgun sequencing of their fecal samples collected at 21-29 weeks, to explore associations between GDM and the composition of microbial taxonomic units and functional genes. Metagenome-wide association study (MGWAS) identified 154,837 genes, which clustered into 129 metagenome linkage groups (MLGs) for species description, with significant relative abundance differences between the two cohorts. Parabacteroides distasonis, Klebsiella variicola, etc., were enriched in GDM patients, whereas Methanobrevibacter smithii, Alistipes spp., Bifidobacterium spp. and Eubacterium spp. were enriched in controls. The ratios of the gross abundances of GDM-enriched MLGs to control-enriched MLGs were positively correlated with blood
The latest revelation in human gut microbiome research is the gut bacterial profiles of fifteen tribal populations representing four geographic regions (Assam, Telangana, Manipur and Sikkim) from India. The study by Dehingia, et al. (2015), Gut bacterial diversity of the tribes of India and comparison with the worldwide data (see References), is a good addition to the knowledge base of gut microbiome profiles across various human populations (Dehingia et al., 2015).. Why is this study relevant and important? Because most of the tribes around the world represent a gut microbiome profile of human ancestral lifestyle, one that was unaffected by junk food and was more physically active. Several lifestyle-associated disorders/diseases like type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and obesity have been linked to variations in human gut microbiome composition and function. Thus, having the knowledge of our ancestral gut microbiome is a good starting point to identify what changes have occurred since the ...
Abstract Colon Cancer is the most common cancer among Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) patients and IBD is one of the three leading high-risk factors for Colon Cancer. In 2012 it was found, by using genetic sequencing of the gut microbiome, that Fusobacteria sequences were enriched in colorectal carcinomas (CRC). To explore this possible link between inflammation, gut microbes, and colon cancer I have turned my own body into a
We have identified a novel, endogenous, conditionally monodominant taxon (CMT) in the human gut microbiome, U B. ceftriaxensis, which is associated with the human host over long time periods. It is prevalent in one-third of public gut samples, but in general low abundant. Its discovery was enabled through its high abundance in postantibiotic stool samples and subsequent, reference-free genome binning. Additional mate-pair sequencing allowed the reconstruction of a high-quality genome from metagenomics data, as all culturing attempts were unsuccessful. Phylogenetically, it belongs to the phylum Firmicutes and class Clostridia, being the first representative of UComantemales, ord. nov.. U B. ceftriaxensis and P. distasonis were driving two observed monodominance community states that peaked at 92% and 95% relative abundance, respectively. These states could be common in the gut, given that during their lifetime, many individuals are frequently subjected to gut microbiome perturbations resulting, ...
Introduce the role of enteric bacterial beta-glucuronidases (GUS) in triggering lower GI toxicities associated with prescription medications. • Demonstrate that GUS-targeting, small-molecule drugs can prevent these medication-induced lower GI injuries, such as chemotherapyinduced diarrhea. • Reveal the inter-individual variability among the ~300 GUS orthologs that make up the GUSome in the human gut microbiome. • Discuss the GUSome as a case study on the unique challenges of developing microbiome-targeting drugs. • Demonstrate the utility of a stool-based functional assay to assess patient-relevant GUSome function. • Disclose how the assay can be developed as a companion diagnostic to potentially identify patients who are responsive to GUSometargeted drugs. ...
There is a new phenomenon sweeping the globe (or at least sweeping the imagination of people around the globe). It is the human gut microbiome and the role it may play in the future of human health.
A new study presented at UEG Week 2019 shows that a plant-based and Mediterranean diet can help protect the gut microbiome and help reduce inflammation.
A new study has identified links between alterations in gut microbial populations and multiple markers of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Changes to the gut microbiome and its associated genes are increasingly thought to be involved in obesity and type 2 diabetes through complex mechanisms that are not fully elucidated.
Gut disorders are on the rise, with half of Australians complaining of some digestive problem in any 12-month period, according to The Gut Foundation of Australia.
American Chemical Society researchers have developed an ingestible capsule that in rat studies captured bacteria and other biological samples while passing through the gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
Bristol- Myers Squibb (NYSE: BMY) and Enterome SA (Enterome), a pioneer in the development of pharmaceuticals and diagnostics based on the gut microbiome, announced that
Abstract: We propose to investigate the hypothesis that consistent changes in the human gut microbiome are associated with Crohns disease, a form of inflammatory bowel disease, and that altered microbiota contributes to pathogenesis. Analysis of this problem is greatly complicated by the fact that multiple factors influence the composition of the gut microbiota, including diet, host genotype, and disease state. For example, data from others and us document a drastic impact of diet on the composition of the gut microbiome. No amount of sequencing will yield a useful picture of the role of the microbiota in disease if samples are confounded with uncontrolled variables. Our proposed project will take advantage of our experience with deep sequencing to characterize the composition of the gut microbiome, but also control diet, host genotype, and disease state. Diet will be controlled by analyzing children treated for Crohns disease by placing them on a standardized elemental diet, and by testing ...
Dr. Myers: My mother passed away from pancreatic cancer four months to the day that she was diagnosed, so Im thrilled to hear that you are doing some research there. Is this research youre doing on your own, or are you doing this in conjunction with a medical institution?. Naveen: If youll recall, there was a researcher at NYU who showed how pancreatic cancer is caused by the gut microbiome moving from the gut to the pancreas, shutting the immune system down, and allowing cancer to grow.. This researcher actually put the enzyme microbial directly into the pancreas and killed that microbiome, and the immune system actually got rid of the cancer. Now we are working with them to show how the gut microbiome moves through pancreatic cancer, and that we can actually use food as a medicine to reverse it.. My dad passed away from pancreatic cancer just a few days before Thanksgiving. And it was a heartbreaking thing because we knew it was happening from the gut and I begged the doctors to do ...
Penn Medicine researchers have singled out a bacterial enzyme behind an imbalance in the gut microbiome linked to Crohns disease. The new study, published online this week in Science Translational Medicine, suggests that wiping out a significant portion of the bacteria in the gut microbiome, and then re-introducing a certain type of good bacteria that lacks this enzyme, known as urease, may be an effective approach to better treat these diseases.. Click here for more.. ...
Gastroenterology is proud to present a special issue devoted to The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease. The human body contains over 10 times more microbial cells than human cells. This microbiome (the commensal, symbiotic, and pathogenic microorganisms that share our body space) maintains the health and function of many tissues, and its disruption contributes…
|p|Each of us has a unique gut microbiome - the composition of which can change on a daily basis. Your microbiome can affect your weight, your food cravings, your immune system and your mental health.|/p|
International DNA testing company EasyDNA launches the Gut Microbiome Test - a well-being test for maintaining a healthy body and balanced microbiome. KENT,
A new study explores the potential link between the gut microbiome and mental health. Researchers report depression may be influenced by disturbances to gut bacteria, suggesting nutrition and diet, in combination with other strategies, could help treat the disorder.
A horses gut microbiome communicates with its host by sending chemical signals to its cells, which has the effect of helping the horse to extend its energy output, finds a new study published in Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences.
A research team led by Tufts University engineers has developed a 3D printed pill that samples bacteria found in the gut -- known as the microbiome -- as it passes through the gastrointestinal tract (GI).
Technology Networks is an internationally recognised publisher that provides access to the latest scientific news, products, research, videos and posters.
The gut is home to millions of fungi, bacteria, and viruses. They make up the gut microbiome which is very important for our health.
eBook kaufen: Autoimmune Disease, Inflammation, Gut Microbiome, Weight Loss : Summary Guide: The Carnivore Code: Unlocking the Secrets to Optimal Health by Returning to Our Ancestral Diet: By Paul Saladino MD The Mindset Warrior Summary Guide Autoimmune Disease, Inflammation, Gut Microbiome, Weight Loss von The Mindset Warrior und viele weitere eBooks jetzt schnell und einfach auf Ihren eBook Reader laden.
General Microbiome Chlamydia retesting and retest positivity rates: results from a state-wide laboratory data linkage study in Tasmania, 2012-13 - Nicola Stephens - Sexual Health Human Gut Microbiome Gut metagenomes of type 2 diabetic patients have characteristic single-nucleotide polymorphism distribution in Bacteroides coprocola - Yaowen Chen - Microbiome Animal Microbiome Influence of different inclusion levels and chain length…
We are always looking for talented post-doctoral fellows interested in working in an interdisciplinary research group that is developing and applying new metagenomic methods for analyzing the community structure, gene content, and transcriptional activity of the human gut microbiome. A major focus is on understanding how the microbiota and microbiome participate in the metabolism of various xenobiotics, including orally ingested drugs, and the impact of these activities on health, disease risk and therapeutic efficacy. Ideally, the candidate should have a PhD and research interests in comparative genomics, microbiology, computational biology, statistics, and/or biological chemistry/pharmacology ...
The human gut microbiome is truly mind-boggling. We are teaming with microorganisms and their presence has been implicated not just in C. difficile colitis but in obesity, cardiovascular disease and a whole host of other diseases. The suggestion has even been made that our genetic code should be described as not only the DNA found within our cells, but as an amalgamation of that and the genes found in the microorganisms that surround and cover us - that the microorganisms are an intrinsic part of us ...
From BioPortfolio: A new study by Vancheswaran Gopalakrishnan (MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA) and colleagues has found that the composition of the gut microbiome aff...
In this weeks Balanced Bites podcast, Diane and Liz discuss healing food intolerances & its relation to the gut microbiome, the distinction between types of carbs, and stress relieving techniques.
The MyNewGut project (www.mynewgut.eu) will make the findings from basic human microbiome science useful for promoting healthier lifestyles to the public.
In recent years, investigations of microbial flora associated with fish gut have deepened our knowledge of the complex interactions occurring between micro
Scientists have discovered for the first time a functional link between bacteria in the intestines and Parkinsons disease (PD). The researchers show that
Scientists have discovered for the first time a functional link between bacteria in the intestines and Parkinsons disease (PD). The researchers show that
The majority are sulfate-reducing, with the exception of Lawsonia and Bilophila. All members of this order are obligately ...
... pyruvate aminotransferase from the anaerobe Bilophila wadsworthia". Eur. J. Biochem. 267 (23): 6841-8. doi:10.1046/j.1432- ...
Bilophila and Sutterella spp.); 2. Gram-positive cocci (primarily Peptostreptococcus spp.); 3. Gram-positive spore-forming ( ...
Bilophila and Bacteroides which are all bile tolerant and may promote inflammation in the gut. In this type of diet, the group ...
Bilophila MeSH B03.440.425.410.237 - Butyrivibrio MeSH B03.440.425.410.275 - Chlorobium MeSH B03.440.425.410.290 - Chromatium ... Bilophila MeSH B03.660.125.125 - Desulfovibrio MeSH B03.660.125.125.040 - Desulfovibrio africanus MeSH B03.660.125.125.150 - ...
... is a gram-negative, obligately anaerobic, catalase-positive, bile-resistant, and asaccharolytic bacillus ... This bacterium was categorized into the genus Bilophila because of its bile-loving and growing nature. Kasten, M J; Rosenblatt ... Baron, E. J.; Summanen, P.; Downes, J.; Roberts, M. C.; Wexler, H.; Finegold, S. M. (1989-12-01). "Bilophila wadsworthia, gen. ... Baron, Ellen Jo (April 1997). "Bilophila wadsworthia: a Unique Gram-negative Anaerobic Rod". Anaerobe. 3 (2-3): 83-86. doi: ...
Bilophila wadsworthia is a gram-negative, obligately anaerobic, catalase-positive, bile-resistant, and asaccharolytic bacillus ... This bacterium was categorized into the genus Bilophila because of its bile-loving and growing nature. Kasten, M J; Rosenblatt ... Baron, E. J.; Summanen, P.; Downes, J.; Roberts, M. C.; Wexler, H.; Finegold, S. M. (1989-12-01). "Bilophila wadsworthia, gen. ... Baron, Ellen Jo (April 1997). "Bilophila wadsworthia: a Unique Gram-negative Anaerobic Rod". Anaerobe. 3 (2-3): 83-86. doi: ...
A glycyl radical enzyme enables hydrogen sulfide production by the human intestinal bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia. Spencer C ... A glycyl radical enzyme enables hydrogen sulfide production by the human intestinal bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia ... A glycyl radical enzyme enables hydrogen sulfide production by the human intestinal bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia ... A glycyl radical enzyme enables hydrogen sulfide production by the human intestinal bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia ...
Bilophila wadsworthia Bacteria. SEM X18,600 .B. wadsworthia is a common inhabitant of the lower intestinal tract but is also an ... Caption: Bilophila wadsworthia Bacteria. SEM X18,600 .B. wadsworthia is a common inhabitant of the lower intestinal tract but ... Keywords: 54406130, appendicitis, bacteria, bilophila wadsworthia, dr. fred hossler, em, horizontal, microbiology, microscopic ...
... Baron et al. 1990, gen. nov. Type species: ¤ Bilophila wadsworthia Baron et al. 1990. Etymology: L. n. bilis, bile; N ... Genus Bilophila. Warning: In the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature, an arrow (→) only indicates the ... n. Bilophila, bile-loving organism. Valid publication: Validation List no. 34. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1990, 40, 320-321. ... Bilophila wadsworthia Baron et al. 1990, sp. nov. (Type species of the genus.) Type strain: (see also StrainInfo.net) WAL 7959 ...
... bilophila and dehalobacterium. Both types have been linked with autoimmune disorders in humans, notably multiple sclerosis. ...
Clostridium IV, Bilophila. Streptococcus, Veillonella. Mitsuokella, Victivallis. Haemophilus, Akkermansia. Butyricimonas. Aly ...
S2). The Bilophila genus was also more predictive than most other genera included in this analysis; however, these genera did ... Both Bilophila and Desulfovibrio produce genotoxic hydrogen sulfide (H2S) as an endproduct of anaerobic respiration (31-33) and ... 511 Bilophila wadsworthia is more abundant in the colonic microbiome of colorectal cancer cases compared to healthy controls. ... Bilophila. Bergeys Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015. DOI: 10.1002/9781118960608. ...
Bilophila wadsworthia) Bacteria. SEM X18,600. B. wadsworthia is a common inhabitant of the lower intestinal tract but is also ...
Bilophila and Bifidobacterium were identified. The observed decrease in Bilophila abundances following inulin consumption was ... Adherence of Bilophila wadsworthia to cultured human embryonic intestinal cells. Anaerobe 1998;4:19-27. doi:10.1006/anae. ... Bilophila wadsworthia: a unique Gram-negative anaerobic rod. Anaerobe 1997;3:83-6. doi:10.1006/anae.1997.0075. ... Hydrogen as an energy source for the human pathogen Bilophila wadsworthia. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2008;93:381-90. doi:10.1007/ ...
Bilophila. A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic bacteria in the family Desulfovibrionaceae. It was originally recovered from ...
Bilophila, and Rathayibacter. Antimicrobial peptides revealed by MALDI-TOF analysis (HNP-1 m/z 3,443 and HNP-2 m/z 3,372) ... Bilophila, and Rathayibacter), all localized mainly in the groin area of person 1 (Fig. 6). Among the molecules that colocalize ... Bilophila, Rathayibacter, Anaerococcus, Sutterella, and Negativicoccus maps and found all nodes, which are separated by at most ...
EFFECT OF IRON DEPLETION ON PROTEIN PROFILES OF BILOPHILA-WADSWORTHIA 1994 Meeting of the Anaerobe-Society-of-the-Americas ... CLINICAL IMPORTANCE OF BILOPHILA-WADSWORTHIA EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY & INFECTIOUS DISEASES Finegold, S., ... Bilophila wadsworthia: a unique gram-negative anaerobic rod International Congress on Anaerobic Bacteria and Anaerobic ... BILOPHILA-WADSWORTHIA ISOLATES FROM CLINICAL SPECIMENS JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY Baron, E. J., Curren, M., Henderson, G ...
Finally, increases in the abundance and activity of Bilophila wadsworthia on the animal-based diet support a link between ... The animal-based diet increased the abundance of bile-tolerant microorganisms (Alistipes, Bilophila and Bacteroides) and ...
With a 16SrRNA gene sequence, Lawsonia intracellularis is related to Desulfovibio, a sulfate-reducing bacteria and Bilophila ...
BILOPHILA-WADSWORTHIA BACTEREMIA IN A PATIENT WITH GANGRENOUS APPENDICITIS. D BERNARD, Gerda Verschraegen (UGent) , Geert ... Bilophila wadsworthia Bacteremia in a Patient with Gangrenous Appendicitis. Clin. Inf. Diseases, 1994, 18, 1023-1024. D BERNARD ...
Bilophila. solid windowtext 1.0pt;border-bottom:none;border-right:solid windowtext 1.0pt;. padding:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt>. ...
1997) Bilophila wadsworthia clinical isolates compared by polymerase chain reaction fingerprinting. Clin. Infect. Dis. 25 ( ... 1999) Characterization of Bilophila wadsworthia isolates using PCR fingerprinting. Anaerobe 5:589-593. ...
Bilophila wadsworthia, and Peptostreptococcus species.2 Various factors may increase or decrease a patients risk of developing ...
Bactericidal activity of selected antimicrobial agents against Bilophila wadsworthia and Bacteroides gracilis. Clin Infect Dis ...
Preliminary study using species-specific oligonucleotide probe for rRNA of Bilophila wadsworthia. ...
The majority are sulfate-reducing, with the exception of Lawsonia and Bilophila. All members of this order are obligately ...
Its thought that milk causes a bloom in the colitogenic bacteria Bilophila wadsworthia. Likewise, oral iron intake may ...
... and Bilophila) but not all microorganisms (Vandeputte et al., 2017). Prebiotics such as the non-digestible oligosaccharides are ...
Bilophila wadsworthia: a unique Gram-negative anaerobic rod. Anaerobe 3:83-86. doi:10.1006/anae.1997.0075. ... Bacteria within the genus Bilophila are strictly anaerobes and contribute less than 0.01% of the normal gut microbiota in human ... in SF piglets were positively correlated with growth rate, while the decreased abundances of Bilophila spp. were positively ... Interestingly, the Spearman correlation analysis showed that the decreased relative abundances of Bilophila spp. in piglets ...
Clinical importance of Bilophila wadsworthia. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 11 1992 1058 1063 ... as well as inBilophila (12, 21, 29), the presence of β-lactamases is known only by positive nitrocefin reactions. Among gram- ...
Bilophila, etc View list of Fastidious Organisms List of Fastidious Organisms (other species may also be included) *Afipia sp ...
Bilophila wadsworthia: a unique Gram-negative anaerobic rod. Anaerobe. 1997; 3(2-3); p.83-86.] It is estimated that 70% of ... 3. Milk consumption fosters the growth of an extremely unhealthy gut organism, bilophila wadsworthia. It causes increased ... bilophila wadsworthia, an unhealthy appendix, increased intestinal permeability, and the spread of alpha-synuclein in the gut; ...
One bacterium in particular, Bilophila wadsworthia, was identified. It thrives in the extra bile produced to break down the ...
Bilophila wadsworthia, gen. nov. and sp. nov., a unique gram-negative anaerobic rod recovered from appendicitis specimens and ...
Another taxon, Bilophila wadsworthia, positively correlated with volume of gas evacuated (R=0.64; p,0.001; FDR=0.12). An ... Bilophila wadsworthia: a unique Gram-negative anaerobic rod. Anaerobe 1997;3:83-6. ... Bilophila wadsworthia isolates from clinical specimens. J Clin Microbiol 1992;30:1882-4. ... Taxa from Bacteroides fragilis or Bilophila wadsworthia correlated with number of gas evacuations or volume of gas evacuated, ...
  • Bilophila wadsworthia Bacteria. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Bilophila wadsworthia , gen. nov. and sp. (bacterio.net)
  • Finally, increases in the abundance and activity of Bilophila wadsworthia on the animal-based diet support a link between dietary fat, bile acids and the outgrowth of microorganisms capable of triggering inflammatory bowel disease. (nih.gov)
  • Bacteroides fragilis) , Bilophila wadsworthia , and Peptostreptococcus species. (uspharmacist.com)
  • Taxa from Bacteroides fragilis or Bilophila wadsworthia correlated with number of gas evacuations or volume of gas evacuated, respectively. (bmj.com)
  • The enzyme from the bacterium Bilophila wadsworthia requires pyridoxal 5'-phosphate as a cofactor, and catalyses a reversible reaction that starts an anaerobic taurine degradation pathway. (genome.jp)
  • Biochemical and molecular characterization of taurine:pyruvate aminotransferase from the anaerobe Bilophila wadsworthia. (genome.jp)
  • Recently scientists have made and interesting link with colon cancer, diet and Bilophila wadsworthia. (illinois.edu)
  • They note in particular that there was an increase in the abundance and activity of Bilophila wadsworthia in those who consumed the animal-based diet. (rssl.com)
  • Bilophila wadsworthia-specific dsrA was more abundant in AA cases than controls. (illinois.edu)
  • Appearance of Bilophila wadsworthia on BBE agar. (tuyenlab.net)
  • Frequent constipation increases Bilophila Wadsworthia which causes appendicitis. (wordpress.com)
  • Trans-fats and saturated fats should be avoided when bile is inhibited or when constipated because they increase the growth of Bilophila Wadsworthia. (wordpress.com)
  • Multiple taxa were significantly more abundant in patients with adenomas, including Bilophila, Desulfovibrio , proinflammatory bacteria in the genus Mogibacterium , and multiple Bacteroidetes species. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Even just classifying Bilophila as "bad bacteria" is a tricky matter, says Dr. Purna Kashyap , a gastroenterologist at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota. (cpr.org)
  • The bacteria are of the Bilophila genus and evidence suggests an expanded genetic code enables their metabolism, via a demethylation pathway, to avoid making TMAO. (foodnavigator.com)
  • While the consumption of lard promoted the growth of bacteria called Bilophila, which have been linked to gut inflammation, the fish oil diet increased the abundance of bacteria called Akkermansia muciniphila , known to reduce weight gain and improve glucose metabolism in mice. (eurekalert.org)
  • Moreover, cranberry treatment partially reversed the change of gut microbiota in colitic mice by increasing the abundance of potential beneficial bacteria, for example, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, and decreasing the abundance of potential harmful bacteria, such as Sutterella and Bilophila. (cranberryinstitute.org)
  • There were notable differences in the gut microflora of each group, with the mice that were fed on lard showing increased numbers of bacteria from the Bilophila genus, whereas the animals fed on fish oils showed increased populations of Akkermansia muciniphila . (optibacprobiotics.co.uk)
  • In the study, the switch from a western diet to a diet of fat boosted the populations of fatty acid metabolizing bacteria from the genera Alistipes, and Bilophila, and several genera of the class, Gammaproteobacteria. (technologynetworks.com)
  • The animal-based diet increased the abundance of bile-tolerant microorganisms (Alistipes, Bilophila and Bacteroides) and decreased the levels of Firmicutes that metabolize dietary plant polysaccharides (Roseburia, Eubacterium rectale and Ruminococcus bromii). (nih.gov)
  • Results While faecal metabolite profiles were not significantly altered by inulin consumption, our analyses did detect a modest effect on global microbiota composition and specific inulin-induced changes in relative abundances of Anaerostipes , Bilophila and Bifidobacterium were identified. (bmj.com)
  • The only genera consistently impacted by inulin supplementation are Bifidobacterium , Anaerostipes and Bilophila . (bmj.com)
  • Specifically, at the genus level resveratrol effectively reduced the richness of Akkermansia, Dorea, Sutterella and Bilophila and increased the abundance of Bifidobacterium in colitic mice. (umass.edu)
  • Decreased Bilophila abundance on inulin consumption is linked with improved constipation-related quality-of-life metrics. (bmj.com)
  • Those included Bilophila and Dehalobacterium microbes, genera that have been observed at unusually high abundance in patients with multiple sclerosis. (asm.org)
  • In particular, microbes that "love bile" - the Bilophila - started to dominate the volunteers' guts during the animal-based diet. (cpr.org)
  • Bilophila is a gram-negative anaerobic rod that's classified as a pathobiont - an organism that normally has a symbiotic relationship with its host but can become disease-causing under certain circumstances. (foodnavigator.com)
  • Conclusions Ecosystem-wide analysis of the effect of a dietary intervention with prebiotic inulin-type fructans on the colon microbiota revealed that this effect is specifically associated with three genera, one of which ( Bilophila ) representing a promising novel target for mechanistic research. (bmj.com)
  • The majority are sulfate-reducing, with the exception of Lawsonia and Bilophila. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study last year found that blooms of Bilophila cause inflammation and colitis in mice. (cpr.org)
  • Instead, he says, his team's data support the overall animal model that Bilophila promotes inflammation, which could ultimately be controlled by diet. (cpr.org)
  • The observed decrease in Bilophila abundances following inulin consumption was associated with both softer stools and a favourable change in constipation-specific quality-of-life measures. (bmj.com)
  • in SF piglets were positively correlated with growth rate, while the decreased abundances of Bilophila spp. (asm.org)
  • "The data we reviewed show significantly more Bilophila in the microbiomes of healthy people compared to those with cardiovascular disease, and that Bilophila numbers go up in response to a diet based on meat compared to a plant-based diet," ​ Kivenson said. (foodnavigator.com)
  • More research into Bilophila cell biology and ecology is needed, but our study presents a clearly defined mechanism with potential for a big impact on human health. (foodnavigator.com)