Bifidobacterium: A rod-shaped, gram-positive, non-acid-fast, non-spore-forming, non-motile bacterium that is a genus of the family Bifidobacteriaceae, order Bifidobacteriales, class ACTINOBACTERIA. It inhabits the intestines and feces of humans as well as the human vagina.Bifidobacteriales Infections: Infections with BACTERIA of the order Bifidobacteriales. This includes infections in the genera BIFIDOBACTERIUM and GARDNERELLA, in the family Bifidobacteriaceae.Probiotics: Live microbial DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS which beneficially affect the host animal by improving its intestinal microbial balance. Antibiotics and other related compounds are not included in this definition. In humans, lactobacilli are commonly used as probiotics, either as single species or in mixed culture with other bacteria. Other genera that have been used are bifidobacteria and streptococci. (J. Nutr. 1995;125:1401-12)Lactobacillus: A genus of gram-positive, microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring widely in nature. Its species are also part of the many normal flora of the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of many mammals, including humans. Pathogenicity from this genus is rare.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Actinomycetaceae: A family of bacteria including numerous parasitic and pathogenic forms.Lactobacillus acidophilus: A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from the intestinal tract of humans and animals, the human mouth, and vagina. This organism produces the fermented product, acidophilus milk.Gastrointestinal Tract: Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Yogurt: A slightly acid milk food produced by fermentation due to the combined action of Lactobacillus acidophilus and Streptococcus thermophilus.Prebiotics: Non-digestible food ingredients mostly of a carbohydrate base that improve human health by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of existing BACTERIA in the COLON.Intestines: The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Cultured Milk Products: Milk modified with controlled FERMENTATION. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KAFFIR CORN.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Oligosaccharides: Carbohydrates consisting of between two (DISACCHARIDES) and ten MONOSACCHARIDES connected by either an alpha- or beta-glycosidic link. They are found throughout nature in both the free and bound form.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Inulin: A starch found in the tubers and roots of many plants. Since it is hydrolyzable to FRUCTOSE, it is classified as a fructosan. It has been used in physiologic investigation for determination of the rate of glomerular function.Synbiotics: Nutritional supplements combining PROBIOTICS (bacteria) and PREBIOTICS (sugars).Bacteroides: A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Its organisms are normal inhabitants of the oral, respiratory, intestinal, and urogenital cavities of humans, animals, and insects. Some species may be pathogenic.Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis: Electrophoresis in which various denaturant gradients are used to induce nucleic acids to melt at various stages resulting in separation of molecules based on small sequence differences including SNPs. The denaturants used include heat, formamide, and urea.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.Metagenome: A collective genome representative of the many organisms, primarily microorganisms, existing in a community.Antibiosis: A natural association between organisms that is detrimental to at least one of them. This often refers to the production of chemicals by one microorganism that is harmful to another.alpha-N-Acetylgalactosaminidase: A hexosaminidase with specificity for terminal non-reducing N-acetyl-D-galactosamine residues in N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosaminides.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Cecum: The blind sac or outpouching area of the LARGE INTESTINE that is below the entrance of the SMALL INTESTINE. It has a worm-like extension, the vermiform APPENDIX.Lactobacillus rhamnosus: A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria used in PROBIOTICS.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.beta-Glucosidase: An exocellulase with specificity for a variety of beta-D-glycoside substrates. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal non-reducing residues in beta-D-glucosides with release of GLUCOSE.Aldehyde-Lyases: Enzymes that catalyze a reverse aldol condensation. A molecule containing a hydroxyl group and a carbonyl group is cleaved at a C-C bond to produce two smaller molecules (ALDEHYDES or KETONES). EC 4.1.2.Methanobrevibacter: A genus of gram-positive, anaerobic, cocci to short rod-shaped ARCHAEA, in the family METHANOBACTERIACEAE, order METHANOBACTERIALES. They are found in the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or other anoxic environments.Milk, HumanLactobacillus casei: A rod-shaped bacterium isolated from milk and cheese, dairy products and dairy environments, sour dough, cow dung, silage, and human mouth, human intestinal contents and stools, and the human vagina.Bacterial Load: Measurable quantity of bacteria in an object, organism, or organism compartment.Infant Formula: Liquid formulations for the nutrition of infants that can substitute for BREAST MILK.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Fructans: Polysaccharides composed of D-fructose units.Raffinose: A trisaccharide occurring in Australian manna (from Eucalyptus spp, Myrtaceae) and in cottonseed meal.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.alpha-L-Fucosidase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of an alpha L-fucoside to yield an alcohol and L-fucose. Deficiency of this enzyme can cause FUCOSIDOSIS. EC 3.2.1.51.Senna Extract: Preparations of Cassia senna and C. angustifolia (see SENNA PLANT). They contain sennosides, which are anthraquinone type CATHARTICS and are used in many different preparations as laxatives.Eubacterium: A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria found in cavities of man and animals, animal and plant products, infections of soft tissue, and soil. Some species may be pathogenic. No endospores are produced. The genus Eubacterium should not be confused with EUBACTERIA, one of the three domains of life.Chaperonin 60: A group I chaperonin protein that forms the barrel-like structure of the chaperonin complex. It is an oligomeric protein with a distinctive structure of fourteen subunits, arranged in two rings of seven subunits each. The protein was originally studied in BACTERIA where it is commonly referred to as GroEL protein.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Propionibacterium: A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose cells occur singly, in pairs or short chains, in V or Y configurations, or in clumps resembling letters of the Chinese alphabet. Its organisms are found in cheese and dairy products as well as on human skin and can occasionally cause soft tissue infections.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Germ-Free Life: Animals not contaminated by or associated with any foreign organisms.Defecation: The normal process of elimination of fecal material from the RECTUM.Actinobacteria: Class of BACTERIA with diverse morphological properties. Strains of Actinobacteria show greater than 80% 16S rDNA/rRNA sequence similarity among each other and also the presence of certain signature nucleotides. (Stackebrandt E. et al, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1997) 47:479-491)Genome, Bacterial: The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.Bacteria, Anaerobic

Protection against influenza virus infection of mice fed Bifidobacterium breve YIT4064. (1/1007)

Mice fed Bifidobacterium breve YIT4064 and immunized orally with influenza virus were more strongly protected against influenza virus infection of the lower respiratory tract than ones immunized with influenza virus only. The number of mice with enhanced anti-influenza virus immunoglobulin G (IgG) in serum upon oral administration of B. breve YIT4064 and oral immunization with influenza virus was significantly greater than that upon oral immunization with influenza virus only. These findings demonstrated that the oral administration of B. breve YIT4064 increased anti-influenza virus IgG antibodies in serum and protected against influenza virus infection. The oral administration of B. breve YIT4064 may enhance antigen-specific IgG against various pathogenic antigens taken orally and induce protection against various virus infections.  (+info)

Case of sepsis caused by Bifidobacterium longum. (2/1007)

We report a case of sepsis caused by Bifidobacterium longum in a 19-year-old male who had developed high fever, jaundice, and hepatomegaly after acupuncture therapy with small gold needles. Anaerobic, non-spore-forming, gram-positive bacilli were isolated from his blood and finally identified as B. longum. He recovered completely after treatment with ticarcillin and metronidazole. To our knowledge, this is the first report of incidental sepsis caused by B. longum.  (+info)

Stool microflora in extremely low birthweight infants. (3/1007)

AIM: To serially characterise aerobic and anaerobic stool microflora in extremely low birthweight infants and to correlate colonisation patterns with clinical risk factors. METHODS: Stool specimens from 29 infants of birthweight <1000 g were collected on days 10, 20, and 30 after birth. Quantitative aerobic and anaerobic cultures were performed. RESULTS: By day 30, predominant species were Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Enterbacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Staphylococcus haemolyticus. Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria spp were identified in only one infant. In breast milk fed (but not in formula fed) infants, the total number of bacterial species/stool specimen increased significantly with time (2.50 (SE 0.34) on day 10; 3.13 (0.38) on day 20; 4.27 (0.45) on day 30) as did quantitative bacterial counts; Gram negative species accounted for most of the increase. On day 30, significant inverse correlations were found between days of previous antibiotic treatment and number of bacterial species (r=0.491) and total organisms/g of stool (r=0.482). Gestational age, birthweight, maternal antibiotic or steroid treatment, prolonged rupture of the membranes, and mode of delivery did not seem to affect colonisation patterns. CONCLUSIONS: The gut of extremely low birthweight infants is colonised by a paucity of bacterial species. Breast milking and reduction of antibiotic exposure are critical to increasing fecal microbial diversity.  (+info)

Sequence analysis of plasmid pKJ50 from Bifidobacterium longum. (4/1007)

The complete nucleotide sequence of a plasmid, pKJ50, isolated from an intestinal bacterium, Bifidobacterium longum KJ, has been determined. The plasmid was analysed and found to be 4960 bp in size with a G+C content of 61.7 mol%. Computer analysis of sequence data revealed three major ORFs encoding putative proteins of 31.5 (ORFI), 24.5 (ORFII) and 38.6 kDa (ORFIII). ORFI encodes a protein with a pI of 10.18 and shows relatively high amino acid sequence similarity (more than 60%) with several plasmid replication proteins from Gram-positive and -negative bacteria. Southern blot analysis showed that pKJ50 accumulates an ssDNA intermediate, suggesting that it replicates by a rolling-circle mechanism. Upstream of ORFI, three sets of repeated sequences resembling iteron structures of related plasmids were identified. ORFIII encodes a protein with a pI of 10.97. It also shows a high level of amino acid sequence similarity with some plasmid mobilization proteins. Upstream of ORFIII, a 12 bp stretch resembles an oriT DNA sequence with inverted repeats identical to those found in conjugative plasmids. Hydropathy plot analysis of ORFII, encoding an acidic protein (pI = 4.95), suggests it is a transmembrane protein. Several interesting palindromic sequences, repeat sequences and hairpin-loop structures around ORFI, which might confer regulatory effects on the replication of the plasmid, were also noted. Reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) and in vitro translation confirmed the expression of ORFI and ORFII. RT-PCR produced amplified DNA fragments of the expected sizes, corresponding to ORFI and ORFII. However, no RT-PCR product corresponding to ORFIII was obtained. In vitro translation showed protein bands of the expected sizes, corresponding to each ORF. A shuttle vector capable of transforming Bifidobacterium animalis MB209 was constructed by cloning pKJ50 and a chloramphenicol resistance gene into pBR322.  (+info)

Effect of transgalactooligosaccharides on the composition of the human intestinal microflora and on putative risk markers for colon cancer. (5/1007)

BACKGROUND: Nondigestible oligosaccharides have been claimed to benefit the health of the colon by selectively stimulating the growth of bifidobacteria and by decreasing the toxicity of the colon contents. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effect of 2 doses of transgalactooligosaccharides and a placebo on the composition and activity of the intestinal microflora in 18 women and 22 men. DESIGN: Strictly controlled experimental diets were supplied to 3 intervention groups in a parallel design. The study was divided into 2 consecutive 3-wk periods during which each participant consumed a run-in diet followed by an intervention diet that differed only in the amount of transgalactooligosaccharides: 0 (placebo), 7.5, and 15 g/d. Breath samples and fecal samples were collected at the end of both the run-in and intervention periods. RESULTS: Apparent fermentability of transgalactooligosaccharides was 100%. The highest dose of transgalactooligosaccharides significantly increased the concentration of breath hydrogen by 130% (P < 0.01) and the nitrogen density of the feces by 8.5% (P < 0.05). The number of bifidobacteria increased after both placebo and transgalactooligosaccharides ingestion, but the differences between these increases were not significantly different. Transgalactooligosaccharides did not significantly affect bowel habits; stool composition; the concentration of short-chain fatty acids or bile acids in fecal water; the concentration of ammonia, indoles, or skatoles in feces; fecal pH; or the composition of the intestinal microflora. CONCLUSION: We conclude that transgalactooligosaccharides are completely fermented in the human colon, but do not beneficially change the composition of the intestinal microflora, the amount of protein fermentation products in feces, or the profile of bile acids in fecal water.  (+info)

T cell specificity and cross reactivity towards enterobacteria, bacteroides, bifidobacterium, and antigens from resident intestinal flora in humans. (6/1007)

BACKGROUND: T cell responses to normal intestinal bacteria or their products may be important in the immunopathogenesis of chronic enterocolitis. AIMS: To investigate the T cell specificity and cross reactivity towards intestinal bacteria. PATIENTS/METHODS: T cell clones were isolated with phytohaemagglutinin from peripheral blood and biopsy specimens of inflamed and non-inflamed colon from five patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and two controls. T cell clones were restimulated with anaerobic Bacteroides and Bifidobacteria species, enterobacteria, and direct isolates of aerobic intestinal flora. T cell phenotype was analysed by single-cell immunocyte assay. RESULTS: Analysis of 96 T cell clones isolated from peripheral blood and biopsy specimens from two patients with IBD showed that both Bifidobacterium and Bacteroides species specifically stimulate proliferation of CD4+TCRalphabeta+ T cell clones from both sites and that cross reactivity exists between these anaerobic bacteria and different enterobacteria. Analysis of 210 T cell clones isolated from three patients with IBD and two controls showed that indigenous aerobic flora specifically stimulate T cell clones from peripheral blood and biopsy specimens from a foreign subject. Some of these flora specific T cell clones were cross reactive with defined enterobacteria. In addition, T cell clones stimulated by their own indigenous aerobic flora were identified in patients with IBD. CONCLUSION: Immune responses to antigens from the intestinal microflora involve a complex network of T cell specificities.  (+info)

Ability of lactoferrin to promote the growth of Bifidobacterium spp. in vitro is independent of receptor binding capacity and iron saturation level. (7/1007)

Lactoferrin (Lf) is an iron-binding protein which has been shown to inhibit the growth of various bacterial pathogens and promote the growth of anaerobic bacteria of the genus Bifidobacterium in vitro. The present study was designed to investigate whether the bifidobacteria growth promotion activity of Lf is correlated with either the binding of Lf to bifidobacterial cells or the iron saturation of Lf. Bovine Lf (bLf) from mature milk increased the growth of B. infantis and B. breve in vitro in a dose-dependent fashion, while much less growth promotion activity was found for B. bifidum. In contrast, human Lf (huLf) from mature milk promoted the growth of B. bifidum and was inactive for B. infantis and B. breve, while bLf from colostrum was devoid of bifidobacteria growth promotion activity. Changes in the iron content of Lf did not alter the bifidobacteria growth promotion activity of either bLf or huLf preparations. Competitive binding studies with biotinylated milk bLf showed that binding of bLf was inhibited by unlabelled bLf and huLf but not by beta-lactoglobulin, alpha-lactalbumin or transferrin. Binding of bLf to B. bifidum and B. breve was c. 40-fold higher than binding to Escherichia coli. Colostrum bLf was also found to bind to B. bifidum and B. breve, despite a lack of in-vitro growth promotion activity. Collectively, these results demonstrate that the ability of Lf to promote the growth of Bifidobacterium spp. in vitro is independent of the iron saturation level for Lf and suggest that binding of Lf to bifidobacteria cells may be involved but is not sufficient for stimulation of bifidobacterial growth.  (+info)

Complementary effects of bifidogenic growth stimulators and ammonium sulfate in natural rubber serum powder on Bifidobacterium bifidum. (8/1007)

Natural rubber serum powder, rich in crude protein and carbohydrates, had a strong growth-stimulating activity for Bifidobacterium bifidum JCM 1254, which was unable to grow in a fully synthetic medium, B12 assay medium. Natural rubber serum powder was fractionated by ultrafiltration (molecular weight cutoff 1000). The active ultrafiltrate was further concentrated and desalted with an adsorptive microconcentrator, which adsorbs virtually all amino acids and peptides. Through this purification step, it was found that the adsorbed fraction obtained did not stimulate growth independently but acted complementarily with a small amount of ammonium sulfate. The adsorbed fraction was subsequently analyzed on reversed-phase high pressure liquid chromatography, and the activities of the eluates were measured on B12 assay medium with ammonium sulfate. Consequently, it was proved that several peptidic ingredients in the adsorbed fraction increased the growth of B. bifidum.  (+info)

Bifidobacterium adolescentis ATCC ® 15703D-5™ Designation: Genomic DNA from Bifidobacterium adolescentis strain E194a (Variant a) TypeStrain=True Application:
Bifidobacterium animalis is a gram-positive, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium which can be found in the large intestines of most mammals, including humans. Bifidobacterium animalis and Bifidobacterium lactis were previously described as two distinct species. Presently, both are considered B. animalis with the subspecies Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. animalis and Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis. Both old names B. animalis and B. lactis are still used on product labels, as this species is frequently used as a probiotic. In most cases, which subspecies is used in the product is not clear. Several companies have attempted to trademark particular strains, and as a marketing technique, have invented scientific-sounding names for the strains. Danone (Dannon) markets the subspecies strain DN 173 010 as Bifidus Digestivum (UK), Bifidus Regularis (US and Mexico), Bifidobacterium Lactis or B.L. Regularis (Canada), DanRegularis (Brazil), Bifidus Actiregularis (Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, ...
Although the genus Bifidobacterium was originally named for its bifid morphology, not all bifidobacterial species have a similar structure and very few of them adopt a bifid shape under stress conditions. Some adopt a bifid shape after 36 h of growth, before which they retain the rod form. Most Bifidobacterial species are anaerobic and rod-shaped, whereas after the first generation, they become microaerophilic or aerophilic. CaCl2 (treatment of B. animalis) signaling triggered a change from the rod shape to the bifid shape and bifid to rod in B. adolescentis. The exposure of B. adolescentis and other bifidobacterial species to various conditions, such as different pHs, temperatures, medium components, in vivo growth in Caenorhabditis elegans, and subculture, did not affect their diverse morphologies. Extensive scanning electron microscopy studies suggested that the bifid shape of B. adolescentis are maintained irrespective of the conditions, so this morphology is intrinsic to B. adolescentis.
Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12 is a widely used probiotic strain associated with a variety of health-promoting traits. There is, however, only limited knowledge available regarding the membrane proteome and the proteins involved in oligosaccharide transport in BB-12. We applied two enrichment strategies to improve the identification of membrane proteins from BB-12 cultures grown on glucose and on xylo-oligosaccharides, the latter being an emerging prebiotic substrate recently reported to be fermented by BB-12. Our approach encompassed consecutive steps of detergent- and carbonate-treatment in order to generate inside-out membrane vesicles and to interfere with binding of membrane-associated proteins to the membrane, respectively. Proteins in the enriched membrane fraction and membrane-associated fraction were digested by lysyl endopeptidase and trypsin followed by peptide sequencing by LC-ESI-Q-TOF MS/MS. Ninety of a total of 248 identified unique proteins were predicted to possess ...
A complex of selected strains of the species: Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei sp. Rhamnosus, Bifidobacterium complex, Streptococcus thermophilus. They work together to maintain the balance of intestinal microflora, inhibit the growth of undesirable species of microorganisms and remove toxins. They improve the immune status and are suitable for prophylaxis of gastrointestinal diseases and after therapy with antibiotics.. Each capsule contains:. Active substance: 240 mg freeze-dried probiotic microorganisms of the types: Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei sp. Rhamnosus, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium longum, Bifidobacterium adolescentis, Streptococcus thermophilus. The viable cells in each capsule (as of the date of manufacture) are over 2 billion.. Indications:. The Lactobacillus, Streptococcus thermophilus ans Bifidobacterium strains which enter in the ...
Probiotic Bifidobacterium strain AH1205 or mutants or variants thereof are immunomodulatory following oral consumption and are useful in the prophylaxis and/or treatment of inflammatory activity such as undesirable gastrointestinal inflammatory activity for example inflammatory bowel disease.
0056] It is preferred that the probiotic mixture could contain any number of microorganisms and or microbial components, spores, and/or metabolites. Examples of bacterial species that could be used for the probiotic mixture include but are not limited to the group consisting of: Enterococcus faecium, Bacillus licheniformis, Lactococcus lactis, Bacillus subtilis, Bifidobacterium adolescentis, Bifidobacterium animalis, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium longum, Bifidobacterium thermophilum, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus agilis, Lactobacillus alactosus, Lactobacillus alimentarius, Lactobacillus amylophilus, Lactobacillus amylovorans, Lactobacillus amylovorus, Lactobacillus animalis, Lactobacillus batatas, Lactobacillus bavaricus, Lactobacillus bifermentans, Lactobacillus bifidus, Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus buchnerii, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus catenaforme, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus cellobiosus, Lactobacillus collinoides, ...
Medscape - Indication-specific dosing for Align, Bifidobacterium infantis (Bifidobacterium), frequency-based adverse effects, comprehensive interactions, contraindications, pregnancy & lactation schedules, and cost information.
A collaborative study by DuPont Nutrition & Health and the University of Reading (UK) on the effect of probiotic Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07™ on immune function in healthy elderly subjects has been published in the Journal of Nutritional Science.
A complex of selected strains of the species Bifidobacterium spp. and Streptococcus thermophilus. Bifidobacterium are part of the natural intestinal microflora of humans from a very young age and play an important role for the maintaining the optimal health status. They are able to pass the gastric barrier, have a good metabolic activity in the ecosystem of intestines, implant on the intestinal walls, inhibit the growth of undesirable species of microorganisms, detoxify the human body and stimulate the immune system. Lowering their levels in the intestinal tract may lead to risk of diseases.. Each capsule contains:. Active substance: 240 mg freeze-dried probiotic microorganisms of the types: Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium infantis, Bifidobacterium longum, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacteriumadolescentis, Streptococcus thepromphilus.. Indications:. Bifidobacteria are part of the human natural intestinal microbial flora. They are contained in the organism from a very early age and play ...
The role of the intestinal microbiota as a regulator of autoimmune diabetes in animal models is well-established, but data on human type 1 diabetes are tentative and based on studies including only a few study subjects. To exclude secondary effects of diabetes and HLA risk genotype on gut microbiota, we compared the intestinal microbiota composition in children with at least two diabetes-associated autoantibodies (n = 18) with autoantibody-negative children matched for age, sex, early feeding history, and HLA risk genotype using pyrosequencing. Principal component analysis indicated that a low abundance of lactate-producing and butyrate-producing species was associated with β-cell autoimmunity. In addition, a dearth of the two most dominant Bifidobacterium species, Bifidobacterium adolescentis and Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum, and an increased abundance of the Bacteroides genus were observed in the children with β-cell autoimmunity. We did not find increased fecal calprotectin or IgA as ...
Bifidobacterium bifidum is a bacterial species of the Bifidobacterium genus. B. bifidum is one of the most common probiotic bacteria that can be found in the body of mammals, including humans. Since B. bifidum is a Gram-positive bacterium that is not motile, anaerobic, and not spore-forming. The bacterium is rod-shaped and can be found living in clusters, pairs, or even independently. The majority of the population of B. bifidum is found in the colon, lower small intestine, breast milk, and often in the vagina.[citation needed] The use of B. bifidum in probiotic applications may reduce the chances of acute diarrhea and the risk of E. coli infections, and contributes to the maintenance of vaginal homeostasis. The manipulation of the gut flora is complex and may cause bacteria-host interactions. Although probiotics, in general, are considered safe, there are concerns about their use in certain cases. Some people, such as those with compromised immune systems, short bowel syndrome, central venous ...
While Bifidobacterium infantis, B. brevi, and B. longum are the largest group of bacteria in the intestine of infants, Bifidobacteria are said to be only the 3rd or 4th largest group in adults (and comprise only 3-6% of adult fecal flora). The number of Bifidobacteria actually decline in the human body with age. In infants who are breast-fed, Bifidobacteria constitute about 90% of their intestinal bacteria; however, this number is lower in bottle-fed infants. When breast-fed infants diets are changed to cows milk and solid food, Bifidobacteria are joined by rising numbers of other bacteria found in the human body such as Bacteroides and Streptococci lactobacilli. The lower number of Bifidobacteria in formula-fed babies might account for a higher risk of diarrhea and allergies that is usually associated with babies who arent breast-fed; in addition, because Bifidobacteria produces lactic acid instead of gas (like E. coli), infants and people in general with more Bifidobacteria than other ...
Sucrose phosphorylase (EC. 2.4.1.7) is an important enzyme in the metabolism of sucrose and regulation of other metabolic intermediates. Sucrose phosphorylase is in the c
B. lactis is a widely used probiotic and is considered a champion among the "good bacteria". It has been reclassified by Masco et al. (2004) and has been found to be related to Bifidobacterium animalis at the sup specie level, B. animalis subsp. Lactis. B. lactis is a common inhabitant of the colon and intestines of humans and animals. The use of B. lactis in diets has shown beneficial effects in the treatment of various gluten-based enteropathies. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder which is aggravated by the consumption of gluten-based food products.. According to Lindfors et al. (2008), the oral intake of B. lactis based-probiotics protects the intestinal cells from the toxic effects of gluten enteropathies and inflammatory reactions. The regular consumption of B. lactis aids in controlling abnormal weight gain and diabetes in animal models. Stenman et al. (2014) administered a probiotic based on Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. Lactis 420 to mice, which showed positive results in ...
Bifidobacterium species are regarded as key biological markers of a healthy gut. Herein, features of the composition of this bacterial genus in the gut ecosystem of CD patients, with active and non-active disease, and control children have been reported for the first time, and the existing correlations between faecal and duodenal biopsy-associated bifidobacteria. Active and non-active CD patients showed lower numbers of total Bifidobacterium in both types of samples analysed, faeces and duodenal biopsy specimens. These differences were significant in every case except for biopsy samples of non-active CD patients and controls. A similar trend was obtained by using the Bonferroni adjustment test although differences in faecal B. longum levels between control children and active CD patients were not significant. Faecal imbalances in total Bifidobacterium levels were detected in both active and non-active CD patients as compared to controls and therefore they seemed to be irrespectively of disease ...
Bifidobacterium Breve Freeze Drying Powder for Children manufacturing by JiangSu Wecare Biotechnology Co., Ltd.; Product details of China Bifidobacterium Breve Freeze Drying Powder for Children.
To determine the optimum dose and optimum dietary supplement to promote a fecal microflora in the formula fed premature infant that is similar to that of the term breast fed infant (a predominance of bifidobacteria). In the initial phase of this trial, 30 premature infants will be randomly assigned to receive increasing doses of one of four dietary supplements: Permeate (a pasteurized human milk concentrate containing human milk oligosaccharides processed by Prolacta), GOS (galacto-oligosaccharides manufactured by Friesland foods), Bifidobacterium infantis or Bifidobacterium animalis. Weekly stool specimens will be examined by PCR to determine content of bifidobacteria and total bacteria. This study is limited to formula fed infants in order to avoid the confounding effects of the human milk oligosaccharides in breast milk. An additional 12 human milk fed infants will be enrolled and will have their diet supplemented with ProlactPlus (a pasteurized human milk concentrate containing humna milk ...
Protexin Restore information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses by Probiotics International, Protexin Restore indications, usages and related health products lists
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Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a mechanism to recognize and repair bulky DNA damage caused by compounds, environmental carcinogens, and exposure to UV-light. In humans hereditary defects in the NER pathway are linked to at least three diseases: xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), Cockayne syndrome (CS), and trichothiodystrophy (TTD). The repair of damaged DNA involves at least 30 polypeptides within two different sub-pathways of NER known as transcription-coupled repair (TCR-NER) and global genome repair (GGR-NER). TCR refers to the expedited repair of lesions located in the actively transcribed strand of genes by RNA polymerase II (RNAP II). In GGR-NER the first step of damage recognition involves XPC-hHR23B complex together with XPE complex (in prokaryotes, uvrAB complex). The following steps of GGR-NER and TCR-NER are similar ...
0141] 1. McCracken V. J. and Gaskins H. R. Probiotics and the immune system. In: Probiotics a critical review, Tannock, G W (ed), Horizon Scientific Press, UK. 1999, p. 85-113. [0142] 2. Savage D. C. Interaction between the host and its microbes. In: Microbial Ecology of the Gut, Clark and Bauchop (eds), Academic Press, London. 1977, p. 277-310. [0143] 3. Kagnoff M. F. Immunology of the intestinal tract. Gastroenterol. 1993; 105 (5): 1275-80. [0144] 4. Lamm M. E. Interaction of antigens and antibodies at mucosal surfaces. Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 1997; 51: 311-40. [0145] 5. Raychaudhuri S., Rock K L. Fully mobilizing host defense: building better vaccines. Nat biotechnol., 1998; 16: 1025-31. [0146] 6. Stallmach A., Strober W, MacDonald T T, Lochs H, Zeitz M. Induction and modulation of gastrointestinal inflammation. Immunol. Today, 1998; 19 (10): 438-41. [0147] 7. de Waal Malefyt R, Haanen J, Spits H, Roncarolo M G, te Velde A, Figdor C, Johnson K, Kastelein R, Yssel H, de Vries J E. Interleukin 10 ...
Human rotavirus (RV) infection is a leading cause of dehydrating diarrhea in infants and young children worldwide. Since therapeutic approaches to RV gastroenteritis are limited to alleviation of dehydration with oral rehydration solutions, more direct approaches to palliate symptoms of RV gastroenteritis are required. Treatments with probiotics have been increasingly recognized as alternative safe and low cost treatments for moderate infectious diarrhea. In this study, Bifidobacterium bifidum G9-1 (BBG9-1), which has been used as an intestinal drug for several decades, was shown to have a remarkable protective effect against RV gastroenteritis in a suckling mice model. As well as prophylactic oral administration of BBG9-1 from 2 days before RV infection, therapeutic oral administration of BBG9-1 from 1 day after RV infection significantly alleviated RV-induced diarrhea. Therapeutic administration of BBG9-1 reduced various types of damage in the small intestine, such as epithelial vacuolization and
Natasha Trenev, Founder and President of Natren, leading manufacturer of pharmaceutical grade quality probiotics, is here to discuss Bifidobacterium.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Bifidobacterium is an important genus of the human gastrointestinal microbiota, affecting several host physiological features. Despite the numerous Bifidobacterium related health-promoting activities, there is still a dearth of information about the molecular mechanisms at the basis of the interaction between this microorganism and the host. Bacterial surface associated proteins may play an important role in this interaction because of their ability to intervene with host molecules, as recently reported for the host protein plasminogen. Plasminogen is the zymogen of the trypsin-like serine protease plasmin, an enzyme with a broad substrate specificity. Aim of this thesis is to deepen the knowledge about the interaction between Bifidobacterium and the human plasminogen system and its role in the Bifidobacterium-host interaction process. As a bifidobacterial model, B. animalis subsp. lactis BI07 has been used because of its large usage in dairy and pharmaceutical preparations. We started from the ...
From L - R: Prof. A. Kemoli, Mahmood Elgohary, Dr. R.Mutave, Alex Moon, Dr. B. Mua and Dr. T. Dienya). Dr. Regina Mutave, Dean, School of Dental Sciences received Dentium general manager Mr. Alex Moon and Mahmood Elgohary from the sales department. The two were on a mission to introduce Dentium implant system to dentists in Kenya. They brought with them donations to the School of Dental Sciences including surgical implant kit, prosthetic kit and assortment of accessories used for implant dentistry, with a total value estimated at Kshs. 500,000.00. The school of dental sciences will in conjuction with Dentium host a 5 hour seminar on June 2nd 2017 to provide both lectures and hands on training on the use of Dentium implant systems to students and staff. Further information on this seminar will be communicated in due course.. ...
The aim of the study was to assess the quantitative and qualitative differences of the gut microbiota in infants. We evaluated gut microbiota at the age of 6 months in 32 infants who were either exclusively breast-fed, formula-fed, nursed by a formula supplemented with prebiotics (a mixture of fructo- and galacto-oligosaccharides) or breast-fed by mothers who had been given probiotics. The Bifidobacterium, Bacteroides, Clostridium and Lactobacillus/Enterococcus microbiota were assessed by the fluorescence in situ hybridization, and Bifidobacterium species were further characterized by PCR. Total number of bifidobacteria was lower among the formula-fed group than in other groups (P= 0.044). Total amounts of the other bacteria were comparable between the groups. The specific Bifidobacterium microbiota composition of the breast-fed infants was achieved in infants receiving prebiotic supplemented formula. This would suggest that early gut Bifidobacterium microbiota can be modified by special diets ...
Medicinal Ingredients: Each capsule contains:Lactobacillus rhamnosus (ATCC 7469) 800 million cfu, Bifidobacterium bifidum (ATCC 15696) 600 million cfu, Lactobacillus acidophilus (4356) 600 million cfu, Lactobacillus plantarum (ATCC 14917) 600 million cfu, Bifidobacterium infantis (ATCC 15697) 400 million cfu, Bifidobacterium longum (ATCC 15707) 400 million cfu, Lactobacillus casei (ATCC 393) 400 million cfu, Lactobacillus salivarius (ATCC 11741) 400 million cfu. Non-medicinal Ingredients: Gelatin capsule, inulin, cellulose, magnesium stearate (vegetable source), fructooligosaccharides, lactobacillus bulgaricus, streptococcus thermophiles, lactobacillus helveticus.. ...
Natural Factors NEW Childrens Multi Probiotic Powder (strawberry) (60 g) Non Kosher Get effective gentle relief for tummy upsets, constipation and diarrhea. With 3 billion live micro-organisms per serving, this combination of Bifido and Lactobacillus is perfect to ease a childs digestion. Supplement Information Amount Per Serving Serving Size 1/2 teaspoon , 1 gram Servings per Container 60 A Proprietary Blend Bifidobacterium bifidum - 0.6 billion Bifidobacterium breve - 0.6 billion Bifidobacterium infantis - 0.3 billion Lactobacillus acidophilus - 0.3 billion Lactobacillus lactis - 0.3 billion Lactobacillus fermentum - 0.15 billion Lactobacillus rhamnosus - 0.75 billion Other Ingredients: Colostrum natural strawberry flavor, beef powder, ascorbic acid, maltodextrine.Contains trace amounts of milk.
43 11. Moro G, Minoli I, Mosca M, Fanaro S, Jelinek J, Stahl B, Boehm G: Dosagerelated bifidogenic effects of galactoand fructooligosaccharides in formula -fed term infants. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2002, 34(3):291295. 12. Ben XM, Li J, Feng ZT, Shi SY, Lu YD, Chen R, Zhou XY: Low level of galactooligosaccharide in infant formula stimulates growth of intestinal Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli. World J Gastroenterol 2008, 14(42):65646568. 13. Bouhnik Y, Raskine L, Simoneau G, Vicaut E, Neut C, Flourie B, Brouns F, Bornet FR: The capacity of nondigestible carbohydrates to stimulate feca l bifidobacteria in healthy humans: a double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, dose-response relation study. Am J Clin Nutr 2004, 80(6):16581664. 14. Tzortzis G, Goulas AK, Gee JM, Gibson GR: A novel galactooligosaccharide mixture increas es the bifidobacterial population numbers in a continuous in vitro fermentation system and in the proximal colonic contents of pigs in vivo. J Nutr 2005, ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Terrabacteria group; Actinobacteria; Actinobacteria; Bifidobacteriales; Bifidobacteriaceae; Bifidobacterium; Bifidobacterium animalis; Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. ...
Neonatal Society Abstract: Costeloe K, Wilks M, Hardy P, Millar M for The Probiotics in Neonates Study Collaborative Group. 2015. Bifidobacterium Breve Bbg-001 (B Breve) to Prevent Necrotising Enterocolitis (NEC), Late-Onset Sepsis (LOS) and Death: The PiPS Trial.
Given the increasing commercial and clinical relevance of probiotic cultures, improving their stress tolerance profile and ability to overcome the physiological defences of the host is an important biological goal. In order to reach the gastrointestinal tract in sufficient numbers to exert a therapeutic effect, probiotic bacteria must resist the deleterious actions of low pH, elevated osmolarity and bile salts. Cloning the listerial betaine uptake system, BetL, into the probiotic strain Bifidobacterium breve UCC2003 significantly improved probiotic tolerance to gastric juice and conditions of elevated osmolarity mimicking the gut environment. Furthermore, whilst stable colonization of the murine intestine was achieved by oral administration of B. breve UCC2003, strains harbouring BetL were recovered at significantly higher levels in the faeces, intestines and caecum of inoculated animals. Finally, in addition to improved gastric transit and intestinal persistence, this approach improved the clinical
Introduction Bifidobacterium longum is a Gram-positive, catalase-negative, rod-shaped bacterium present in the human gastrointestinal tract and one of the 32 species that belong to the genus Bifidobacteriu...
Lifeway ProBugs Chewables for Children. New Lifeway ProBugs Chewables are a gentle and effective way to help restore the balance of good bacteria in the digestive tract and support healthy immune function in children 2 and older. Each tablet includes nine probiotics, including three strains - Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium breve and Bifidobacterium longum - that play important roles in helping prevent and treat symptoms of celiac disease, severe diarrhea and gastroenteritis in young consumers.. The ProBugs Chewables will be available in strawberry and grape flavors with 2 billion CFUs per tablet and 30 tablets per package. They are gluten-free, vegan-friendly, non-GMO, Halal and Kosher-certified, and free of allergens such as nuts and lactose.. Lifeway Whole Milk Kefir. Lifeways Organic Whole Milk Kefir is designed for consumers who prefer the thicker, creamier texture as well as the reported health and weight benefits of full-fat dairy products. New Peaches & Cream, Coconut & Cream, ...
Gastroenterology. TAKE-HOME MESSAGE The effect of the probiotic Bifidobacterium longum NCC3001 on psychiatric symptoms was evaluated in 44 individuals with IBS and mild to moderate anxiety and depression in this randomized placebo-controlled trial. Compared with the placebo group, significantly more patients in the probiotic group had reduced depression scores, but not anxiety scores, at week 6. The probiotic group also had … Continue reading ...
Gastroenterology. TAKE-HOME MESSAGE The effect of the probiotic Bifidobacterium longum NCC3001 on psychiatric symptoms was evaluated in 44 individuals with IBS and mild to moderate anxiety and depression in this randomized placebo-controlled trial. Compared with the placebo group, significantly more patients in the probiotic group had reduced depression scores, but not anxiety scores, at week 6. The probiotic group also had … Continue reading ...
Bifidobacteria, coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM). Bifidobacteria are gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that live in the gastrointestinal tract, vagina and mouth. They have a unique hexose (sugar) metabolism, called the bifid shunt, which can be used as a diagnostic test for bifidobacteria because it is not found in other gram-positive intestinal bacteria. Bifidobacteria are probiotic friendly bacteria, which means that they may beneficially affect the host upon ingestion by improving the balance of the intestinal microflora. Magnification: x18,000 when printed at 10 centimetres across. - Stock Image C035/7894
Designed specifically for infants, toddlers, nursing or expecting mothers.. LIFE START VEGAN contains Bifidobacterium infantis, the most predominant beneficial bacteria found in healthy infants. If born by Caesarian Section, infants do not receive this initial boost of important beneficial bacteria. Each serving of LIFE START VEGAN provides a minimum of 1 billion Bifidobacterium infantis, NLS super strain. This product can be taken from the first day. For the infant, mix 1/4 tsp. (0.5 gram) with non-chlorinated water or breast milk into a smooth thin paste. Administer using a clean fingertip or apply to breast nipple and let the infant suckle. For toddlers mix it in water, non-acidic juice (e.g. apple, grape), apple sauce or yogurt.. LIFE START VEGAN can support:. ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
The citrate cycle (TCA cycle, Krebs cycle) is an important aerobic pathway for the final steps of the oxidation of carbohydrates and fatty acids. The cycle starts with acetyl-CoA, the activated form of acetate, derived from glycolysis and pyruvate oxidation for carbohydrates and from beta oxidation of fatty acids. The two-carbon acetyl group in acetyl-CoA is transferred to the four-carbon compound of oxaloacetate to form the six-carbon compound of citrate. In a series of reactions two carbons in citrate are oxidized to CO2 and the reaction pathway supplies NADH for use in the oxidative phosphorylation and other metabolic processes. The pathway also supplies important precursor metabolites including 2-oxoglutarate. At the end of the cycle the remaining four-carbon part is transformed back to oxaloacetate. According to the genome sequence data, many organisms seem to lack genes for the full cycle [MD:M00009], but contain genes for specific segments [MD:M00010 M00011 ...
Pedret A, Valls RM, Calderón-Pérez L, Llauradó E, Companys J, Pla-Pagà L, Moragas A, Martín-Luján F, Ortega Y, Giralt M, Caimari A, Chenoll E, Genovés S, Martorell P, Codoñer FM, Ramón D, Arola L, Solà R. Effects of daily consumption of the probiotic Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis CECT 8145 on anthropometric adiposity biomarkers in abdominally obese subjects: a randomized controlled trial. Int J Obes (Lond). 2018. doi: 10.1038/s41366-018-0220-0 ...
(2013) Chiu et al. The Scientific World Journal. Genotoxicity assessment is carried out on freeze dried powder of cultured probiotics containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus LCR177, Bifidobacterium adolescentis BA286, and Pediococcus acidilactici PA318. Ames tests, in vitro mammalian chromosome aberra...
This question follows from a new study published in the journal Current Microbiology titled, "The Effect of Glyphosate on Potential Pathogens and Beneficial Members of Poultry Microbiota In Vitro," which found that the active ingredient in Monsantos Roundup herbicide, known as glyphosate, negatively impacted the gastrointestinal bacteria of poultry in vitro. The researchers presented evidence that highly pathogenic bacteria resisted glyphosate, whereas beneficial bacteria were moderately to highly susceptible to it. Some of the beneficial species that were found to be suppressed by glyphosate were Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus faecium, Bacillus badius, Bifidobacterium adolescentis and Lactobacillus spp. The pathogenic species which were found to resist glyphosate toxicity were Salmonella Entritidis, Salmonella Gallinarum, Salmonella Typhimurium, Clostridium perfringens and Clostridium botulinum.. The researchers stated that "A reduction of beneficial bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract ...
Catzymes Kidney Support is an all natural proprietary blend of phyto-nutrients, Methionine, Vitamins, Minerals and Amino Acids designed to nutritionally support renal function. Animals with renal system issues need nutrients delivered in a manner different than their healthy counterparts. Contains Pre-digested Whitefish, Choline and live microorganisms as well. This supportive formula contains vitamins, minerals, trace minerals, amino acids, inert fats, and predigested whitefish needed for optimum renal function and health. It delivers these essential elements in a format that is less demanding on the renal system.. Ingredients: Active Dry Yeast, Ascorbic Acid, a-tocopherol, Biotin, Calcium Ascorbate, Choline Chloride, Cobalt Sulfate, Dehydrated Animal Fat, Dehydrated Parmesan Cheese, Dried Aspergillus niger Fermentation Extract, Dried Aspergillus oryzae ermentation Extract, Dried Bacillus subtilis Fermentation Product, Dried Bifidobacterium adolescentis Fermentation Product, Dried ...
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for A1A3S8 (DCDB_BIFAA), dCTP deaminase, dUMP-forming. Bifidobacterium adolescentis (strain ATCC 15703 / DSM 20083 / NCTC 11814 /E194a)
Bifidobacterium, lactobacillus, and streptococcus is a medical food used as a probiotic, or friendly bacteria to maintain a healthy digestive tract (stomach and intestines). Bifidobacterium, lactobacillus, and streptococcus is used in people with irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, or an ileal pouch. Not...
Hartzidura hori dela eta, Bifidobacterium-ek bat egiten du azido laktikoen bakterioekin (Streptococcus, Lactobacillus...), eta aspaldian Lactobacillus generoan sailkatzen zen. Hala ere, glukosaren hartzidura berezia du, azido laktikoaz gain azido azetikoa ere sortzen duelako.. Bifidobacterium oso ugaria da bularreko-umeen heste lodian, titia kentzearekin gutxituz. Helduengan ere askoz urriagoa da. Biberoiaz elikatutako umeek ez dute bakterio hau haien heste-traktuan; amaren bularra jasotzen dutenek, berriz, bai. Ama-esneak gluzido berezi bat duela jakin da, bifidus faktorea, Bifidobacterium-en hazkuntza eragiten duena.. Bifidobacterium oso garrantzitsua da ume jaioberrien osasunerako, heste lodian azidotasuna sortzen duelako (hartzidura laktikoa dela eta); azidotasun horrek beste bakterio patogenoen hazkuntza ekiditen du, infekzioak saihestuz. Hau da, besteak beste, pisuzko argudio bat bularra ematearen aldeko kanpainak sustatzeko ama berrien artean.. Helduentzat ere onuragarria da ...
There are over 500 different types of bacteria in the digestive system; the two most prevalent are Lactobacilli and Bifidobacterium. Bifidobacterium are the most prevalent bacteria in the large intestine, while Lactobacilli are the most prevalent in the small intestine. As we age, studies show that our levels of Bifidobacterium decline, while harmful pathogenic bacteria increase. This is one of the main reasons that intestinal ailments increase as we age.. Ultimate Flora Ultra Potent contains therapeutic levels of both Lactobacilli and Bifidobacterium, making it the most complete and effective probiotic supplement on the market. Each capsule provides 50 billion active cultures of Bifidobacterium and 50 billion active cultures of Lactobacilli.. Ultimate Flora Ultra Potent is the only encapsulated probiotic formula that can guarantee significant quantities of the probiotics contained will survive past the harsh, acidic environment of the stomach and arrive alive in the intestinal tract. Using a ...
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for B8DVV7 (RS15_BIFA0), 30S ribosomal protein S15. Bifidobacterium animalis subsp lactis (strain AD011)
Background Accumulating evidence indicates interactions between human milk composition, particularly sugars (human milk oligosaccharides or HMO), the gut microbiota of human infants, and behavioral effects. Some HMO secreted in human milk are unable to be endogenously digested by the human infant but are able to be metabolized by certain species of gut microbiota, including Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis (B. infantis), a species sensitive to host stress (Bailey & Coe, 2004). Exposure to gut bacteria like B. infantisduring critical neurodevelopment windows in early life appears to have behavioral consequences; however, environmental, physical, and social stress during this period can also have behavioral and microbial consequences. While rodent models are a useful method for determining causal relationships between HMO, gut microbiota, and behavior, murine studies of gut microbiota usually employ oral gavage, a technique stressful to the mouse. Our aim was to develop a less-invasive technique for
The taxonomical identification has been achieved by sequencing the gene coding for 16S rRNA and by using species - specific PCR analysis. Strain typing was performed by using RAPD and REP-PCR techniques.
Bifidobacterium infantis 35624, a probiotic often used to treat patients with irritable bowel syndrome, was not superior to placebo for improving abdominal discomfort and bloating in a healthy non-patient population studied in a double blind randomized controlled trial.“Previous studies have investigated the health benefits of the probiotic bacteria [B. infantis 35624; Align,
Yet more evidence continues to support the use of probiotics connected to learning, memory, and now anxiety. Researchers at the University of Cork in Ireland have compared two different types of Bifidobacterium and how they affect mouse behavior. In skill tests of object recognition, and spatial learning and memory, the mice that were given Bifidobacterium longum performed better.. In fact, another study at McMaster University in Canada in people suggests that probiotics may have an anti-anxiety effect and influence neuropsychological conditions.. Probiotics are the good bacteria that keep the bad bacteria "in check" in the intestines. Foods like yogurt and other fermented dairy foods contain the good bacteria. Bifidobacterium in particular can help prevent diarrhea, lower cholesterol, and stimulate the immune system to name a few.. Get more info at www.nutraingredients-usa.com/Research/Probiotic-Bifidobacteria-may-boost-cognition-in-anxious-mice-Study ...
The aim of this study is to develop a growth inhibitory material against some pathogenic microorganisms, using beneficial bacteria such as ,I,Bifidobacterium,/I, species and certain types of vegetables which can be good substrates for the growth of the beneficial bacteria. At first, various vegetable juices were screened for the growth promotion of ,I,Bifidobacterium longum,/I, etc. Among the vegetables tested, broccoli (,I,Brassica oleracea,/I, L. var. ,I,botrytis,/I, L.) and cabbage (,I,Brassica oleracea,/I, L. var. ,I,capitata,/I, L.) showed excellent growth promoting activities for ,I,B. longum,/I,. Secondly, the ,I,B. longum,/I,-fermented broccoli (BFB) and ,I,Lactobacillus pentosus,/I,-fermented broccoli (LFB) supernatants were prepared and the growth inhibitory activities against ,I,Candida albicans,/I, were determined. Both of them showed dose-dependent, growth inhibitory effects, and the effect of BFB was superior to LFB. It was thought that the superior effect of BFB could be mainly ...
1] Fujimura KE et al. Role of the gut microbiota in defining human health. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2010 Apr;8(4):435-54. http://pmid.us/20377338.. [2] Ruas-Madiedo P et al. Mucin degradation by Bifidobacterium strains isolated from the human intestinal microbiota. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2008 Mar;74(6):1936-40. http://pmid.us/18223105.. [3] Bode L. Human milk oligosaccharides: prebiotics and beyond. Nutr Rev. 2009 Nov;67 Suppl 2:S183-91. http://pmid.us/19906222. Hat tip Dr. Art Ayers.. [4] Ames BN, Gold LS. Paracelsus to parascience: the environmental cancer distraction. Mutation Research 2000 Jan 17; 447(1):3-13. http://pmid.us/10686303. [5] Cummings JH. The effect of dietary fibre on fecal weight and composition. Pp 547-73 in: Spiller GA, ed. Handbook of dietary fibre in human nutrition. 2nd ed. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 1993.. [6] Bernardo D et al. Is gliadin really safe for non-coeliac individuals? Production of interleukin 15 in biopsy culture from non-coeliac individuals challenged ...
Probiotics are some of the most popular-yet also enigmatic-supplements on the market. Beneficial bacteria such as Bifidobacterium are included in many consumer supplements, along with a plethora of other species. Researchers are still actively trying to define how the many variations of these bacteria might contribute to human health. To help better understand two specific…
Supplementary Material for: Immunomodulatory Effects of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium on Both Murine and Human Mitogen-Activated T Cells
Biohazard level, growth media and temperature, gram stain, industrial applications and more information for Bifidobacterium magnum.
Natures Aid Kidz Pro-5 powder contains a guaranteed 5 billion live organisms, using 8 extensively researched strains of bacteria, including 5 strains of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium Infantis. Kidz Pro-5 powder is sugar free and contains no artificial flavours or colours. Suitable for vegetarians and vegans.
Save 31% Wakunaga (Kyolic) - Kyo-Dophilus 9 180 Capsules Kyo-Dophilus® 9 Probiotic Supplement A Blend of Nine Probiotics Promotes Healthy Intestinal Function* Intestinal Balance & Immune Support* Kyo-Dophilus 9 is formulated with three Lactobacillus strains and six Bifidobacterium strains. This unique blend of nine probiotics contains specially cultured human strains of friendly bacteria that are carefully processed to retain viability at room temperature, insuring an adequate number of cells for colonization in the intestines. Kyo-Dophilus 9 helps maintain a balanced intestinal flora and promote healthy intestinal immune function.* Take Kyo-Dophilus 9 daily!
ProBiota Bifido by Seeking Health is a specialized blend that includes four extensively researched Bifidobacterium strains that reside primarily in the mucosal lining near the terminus of the small intestine, as well as in the colon and the genitourinary
BioCare Infantis Powder is a probiotic powder ideally suited to supplementing the diet of new born babies and up to weaning. Bifidobacterium lactis has a unique role in human micro-ecology.
The average person carries around half a kilo (1lb) of bacteria around with them in their body. Literally billions of bacteria happily call your digestive system home, and most of them actually help your body. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and bifidobacteria are the most common types of microbes used as probiotics. While this gut flora is in balance it supports the […]. ...
Despite the generally accepted importance of bifidobacteria as probiotic components of the human intestinal microflora and their use in health promoting foods, there is only limited information about
General Use: MultiBiotic™ is a multi-species probiotic that helps to support the natural balance of commensal bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). MultiBiotic™ is used to improve symptoms of medically diagnosed Irritable Bowel Syndrome; support healthy immune function; restore GIT microbial balance after certain medication use and to relieve gastrointestinal discomfort. MultiBiotic™ contains 21.075 billion CFU of bacteria per capsule, including Streptococcus, Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species. These species are predominately found in the gastrointestinal tract. ...
Microbial proline 4-hydroxylase screening and gene cloning. Construction of a reporter vector for the analysis of Bifidobacterium longum promoters
ZHU Li-Ping , YIN Yan , XING Jing , LI Chen , KOU Lei , HU Bi , WU Zhi-Wei , WANG Jian-Jun , XU Gen-Xing Cancer science 100(10), 1986-1990, 2009-10-10 医中誌Web 参考文献32件 被引用文献1件 ...
Created after Fujita et al. (2011) J. Biol. Chem. (PMID - 21149454) who have shown the b-L-arabinobiosidase activity of the Bifidobacterium longum enzyme ...
Bifidobacteria metabolize important types of dietary carbohydrates. They also support immune system response, provide essential fuel to cells of the digestive tract, and more.2,3 They help you, so now its your turn to give your beneficial bacteria a boost: Try FLORASSIST® Prebiotic Chewable today.. Bifidobacteria occur naturally in the human gastrointestinal tract. In fact, they flourish in young people, but drastically decrease in number as we age. This may be due to complex individual factors, such as a persons physiology, immune system, and lifestyle.4. The benefits of Bifidobacteria. So, why are these health-promoting bacteria so important? Bifidobacteria metabolize the exact dietary carbohydrates that we are unable to digest. They have also been shown to directly and indirectly promote health in a variety of other ways, such as providing critical fuel to the cells that line the colon, as well as modulating certain components of the immune system.2,3. One popular way to address the ...
Colour enhanced scanning electron microscope (SEM) of a toddlers faeces showing bifidobacteria. Feces from a one year old baby weaned off of breast milk for one month.
Each Pro-Multi 15 Billion Probiotic capsule contains over 15 billion beneficial organisms from lactobacillus and bifidobacterium genera with additional benefits of prebiotic fructooligosaccharides.
(Photo: Anna Jofre)Because Ive got two young kids, this doesnt really freak me out. Poop is just a part of life and it gets everywhere. But in my food? I may pass on the offer, even though it kind of makes sense.Human infant feces contain two bacteria common in probiotics: Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Scientists at Catalonias Institute of Food and Agricultural Research conducted a study on a means to infuse these bacteria into sausage. They took 43 fecal samples from babies and used the bacteria...
|ul| |li|Synergistic Probiotic -More Strains than Other Brands|/li| |li|Once Daily|/li| |li|For Healthy Digestive Flora|/li| |li|14 Probiotic Strains|/li| |li|Plus NutraFlora scFOS Synergistic Action|/li| |li|True Identity- Lactobacillus & Bifidobacterium
[124 Pages Report] Check for Discount on United States Bifidiobacterium Bifidum Market Report 2016 report by QYResearch Group. Notes: Sales, means the sales volume of Bifidiobacterium Bifidum Revenue,...
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RESULTS: Following 4 hours of infection with Salmonella typhimurium, NF-κB activation was significantly elevated in vivo in placebo and Enterococcus faecium-fed animals while Bifidobacterium animalis AHC7 consumption significantly attenuated the NF-κB response. In vitro anti-CD3/CD28 stimulated Peyers patch cells secreted significantly less TNF-α and IFN-γ following Bifidobacterium animalis AHC7 consumption. Stimulated cells released more IL-12p70 but this difference did not reach statistical significance. No alteration in mucosal IL-6, IL-10 or MCP-1 levels were observed. No statistically significant change in the cytokine profile of mesenteric lymph node cells was noted. In vitro, Bifidobacterium animalis AHC7 was bound by dendritic cells and induced secretion of both IL-10 and IL-12p70. In addition, co-culture of CD4+ T cells with Bifidobacterium animalis AHC7-stimulated dendritic cells resulted in a significant increase in CD25+Foxp3+ T cell numbers ...
Learn about the potential side effects of bifidobacterium infantis/lactobacillus acidophilus. Includes common and rare side effects information for consumers and healthcare professionals.
Objective: To define the cellular basis for immune enhancement by a probiotic lactic acid bacteria strain ( Bifidobacterium lactis HN019); and to determine whether immune enhancement can be optimized by delivery in oligosaccharide-enriched low-fat milk. Design: A double- blind, three- stage before-and-after intervention trial. Setting: Taipei Medical College Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Subjects: Fifty healthy Taiwanese citizens (age range 41-81; median 60) randomly allocated to two groups. Interventions: In stage 1 (run-in control stage) all subjects consumed reconstituted low- fat milk (LFM) for 3 weeks; in stage 2 ( probiotic intervention) subjects consumed B. lactis in LFM ( group A) or B. lactis in lactose-hydrolysed LFM (group B) for 3 weeks; in stage 3 all subjects returned to non- supplemented LFM for a further 3 weeks (washout stage). The innate immune functions of two different leucocyte types ( polymorphonuclear (PMN) cells and natural killer (NK) cells) were assessed at four time points ...
en] A new Bifidobacterium species is described based on the study of ten Gram-positive strains with fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase activity. They are part of a phenotypic group comprising 141 strains isolated from raw milk and raw milk cheeses in French raw milk cheese factories. This group was separated by a numerical analysis based on API 50CH, API 32A tests and growth at 46 degrees C. A strong similarity of 16S rRNA sequences (99.8%) was shown between strain FR62/b/3(T) and Bifidobacterium psychraerophilum LMG 21775(T). However, low DNA-DNA relatedness was observed between their DNAs (31%). The new isolates are able to grow at low temperatures (all ten strains up to 5 degrees C) and strain FR62/b/3(T) grows under aerobic conditions, as does B. psychraerophilum. However, contrary to B. psychraerophilum, they do not ferment L-arabinose, D-xylose, arbutin or melezitose, but they do acidify lactose. The DNA G+C content of FR62/b/3(T) is 56.4mol%. Therefore, the name Bifidobacterium ...
Our data demonstrate that BAF can impair HSV-1 infection in a manner regulated by localization and/or phosphorylation, thus paralleling how BAFs anti-poxviral activity is modulated. In vivo toxicity was assessed on skin tissues of mice after mice treatment with whole latex and processing for histology. The results of this work are in agreement with previous randomized, double-blind versus placebo multicentre studies examining the effects of 72 mg of PAC-standardized cranberry. HE staining also showed that in 5mg/kg CV-N and 10mg/kg CV-N treated groups, the brain cells did not show visible changes, except for a slight inflammation. The Bifidobacterium adolescentis SPM 0214 used in this study through the screening of 23 Bifidobacterium spp. We propose that upon HSV-1 stimulation, RIP3 promotes the recruitment of TBK1 to STING, which leads to TBK1-mediated IRF3 activation and subsequent type I IFN secretion. A concentration of 50μM TF3 and above was sufficient to inhibit >99% of the production of ...
FloraBEAR is a blend of probiotics (good bacteria) specifically formulated for the intestinal tract and colon of children. FloraBEAR is a chewable tablet with citrus flavour from real orange and tangerine for a taste that children will enjoy. Kids love the fun bear shape!. FloraBEAR is a blend of 4 resident strains of probiotics normally found in children: Bifidobacterium Infantis, Lactobacillus Acidophilus, Bifidobacterium Breve, Bifidobacterium Longum. These 4 probiotics work synergistically to help ensure a healthy microbacterial environment in the intestinal tract.. The term probiotic means supporting life. Probiotics are friendly, beneficial bacteria. These bacteria are normal inhabitants of the large and small intestines and are an important part of a healthy digestive system. Recent research shows that probiotics help improve gastrointestinal function, respiratory and allergy response, as well as help to counter the negative effects of antibiotic use.. Further, these beneficial bacteria ...
This study evaluates the addition of three probiotics (Bifidobacterium longum, Bifidobacterium breve and Bifidobacterium infantis) in the treatment of pediatric food allergic children to milk or egg. The allergic participants will receive the probiotics, while other two populations age and sex matched of not confirmed allergic and healthy children will not receive probiotics.
In recent decades, the incidence of subjects presenting reactive skin has considerably increased in industrialized countries. Probiotics are live microorganisms which, when ingested in sufficient amounts, have beneficial effects on human health. The mechanism underlying the effect of probiotics involves, in part, regulation of the composition and/or metabolic activity of the intestinal microbiota.. It is postulated that following interaction of probiotics with the intestinal epithelium, associated intestinal cells become activated and consequently mediators are released into the blood circulation. Mediators, activated intestinal epithelial cells and possibly bacterial fractions might reach the skin through the bloodstream where they potentially could exert effects.The objective of this study was to assess the effects of probiotics on reactive skin symptoms. The strain Lactobacillus paracasei NCC2461 was tested alone and in combination with the strain Bifidobacterium longum NCC3001 in a ...
Acidophilus/Bifidus/FOS Description In an age where the human body is exposed to a variety of immune insults, from environmental toxins to endogenous parasites, it is important to remember the balance of friendly flora in the large intestine. A healthy balance supports immune function and decreases colony populations of harmful bacteria. FOS, molecules which attract bifidobacteria in the gut, is especially helpful when populations of flora have been decreased from antibiotic use. Signs and Symptoms for Nutrient Applications Beneficial bacteria, such as Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium bifidum, are called probiotics. A high-potency, probiotic combination is necessary to rebuild the good bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract. Probiotic supplementation can be used daily to maintain intestinal integrity, but is also beneficial in inhibiting the growth of bad bacteria, enhancing digestion, increasing resistance to infection or recolonizing the intestines after antibiotic use. Clinical
The role of probiotics in prevention of allergic disease is still unclear; efficacy may depend on the timing, dose, duration and specific probiotic used. Using a double blind randomized placebo-controlled trial (Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12607000518460), we have shown that in a high risk birth cohort, maternal supplementation from 35 weeks gestation until 6 months if breastfeeding and infant supplementation from birth until 2 years with Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 (HN001) (6 x 109 cfu/day) halved the cumulative prevalence of eczema at 2 and 4 years. Bifidobacterium animalis subsp lactis HN019 (HN019) (9 x 109/cfu day) had no significant effect. ...
Apple: Our Family Recipe: Cultured Pasteurized Organic Whole Milk, Organic Cane Sugar, Organic Apple Puree, Pectin, Organic Ground Cinnamon, Natural Flavor, Vitamin D3. 6 Live Active Cultures: S. Thermophilus, L. Bulgaricus, Bifidobacterium Animalis Lactis BB-12, L. Acidophilus, L. Casei and L. Rhamnosus. Blueberry: Our Family Recipe: Cultured Pasteurized Organic Whole Milk, Organic Cane Sugar, Organic Blueberry Juice from Concentrate, Pectin, Organic Fruit and Vegetable Juice Concentrates (for Color), Natural Flavor, Vitamin D3. 6 Live Active Cultures: S. Thermophilus, L. Bulgaricus, Bifidobacterium Animalis Lactis BB-12, L. Acidophilus, L. Casei and L. Rhamnosus.. ...
The shelf stable (no refrigeration needed) Probiotic G.I. provides 10 billion CFU per capsule of the beneficial bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus salivarius, Lactobacillus casei, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium lactis and Streptococcus thermophilus. Research indicates that these strains provide particular support for a healthy inflammatory balance within the GI tract. Beneficial microflora are crucial for proper gut associated lymphoid tissue (GALT) function and development. The GALT helps protect intestinal mucosa from allergens and toxins and is a major component of the bodys immune system. It is estimated that more than 70% of the bodys B lymphocytes are found in the GALT. Probiotics are believed to support healthy GALT composition, and in turn, support barrier function, GI epithelial cell health and T cell function within the GI tract. Some probiotic strains may also modulate local production of cytokines in the GI epithelium. L. casei and B. lactis support healthy ...
The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of Bifidobacterium species reveals high interspecies sequence similarity in the range of 87.7-99.5%. This study illustrated the extent of superiority of a multigenic approach, involving protein-coding genes, in comparison to the 16S rRNA gene, to precisely delineate presumptive Bifidobacterium isolates obtained from probiotic milk beverages, culture collections and pharmaceutical probiotic preparations. Oligonucleotide pairs PurF-rev/PurF-uni; RpoCuni/ RpoC-rev; DnaB-uni/DnaB-rev; DnaG-uni/DnaG-rev; and ClpC-uni/ClpC-rev amplified housekeeping genes while 27F/ 1492R amplified the 16S rRNA gene of the presumptive bifidobacteria in a polymerase chain reaction. Sequences of 16S rRNA gene and some protein-coding genes effectively identified the isolates. Phylogenetic analysis together with concatenation showed that clpC, purF and dnaG genes had over 8-fold better discriminatory power than the 16S rRNA gene in discriminating between Bifidobacterium isolates. ...
Gastrointestinal (GI) ischemia during exercise is associated with luminal permeability and increased systemic lipopolysaccharides (LPS). This study aimed to assess the impact of a multistrain pro/prebiotic/antioxidant intervention on endotoxin unit levels and GI permeability in recreational athletes. Thirty healthy participants (25 males, 5 females) were randomly assigned either a multistrain pro/prebiotic/antioxidant (LAB⁴ANTI; 30 billion CFU day-1 containing 10 billion CFU day-1Lactobacillus acidophilus CUL-60 (NCIMB 30157), 10 billion CFU day-1Lactobacillus acidophillus CUL-21 (NCIMB 30156), 9.5 billion CFU day-1Bifidobacterium bifidum CUL-20 (NCIMB 30172) and 0.5 billion CFU day-1Bifidobacterium animalis subspecies lactis CUL-34 (NCIMB 30153)/55.8 mg day-1fructooligosaccharides/ 400 mg day-1 α-lipoic acid, 600 mg day-1N-acetyl-carnitine); matched pro/prebiotic (LAB⁴) or placebo (PL) for 12 weeks preceding a long-distance triathlon. Plasma endotoxin units (via Limulus amebocyte lysate ...
Probiotic Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium bifidum and Bifidobacterium longum flora - Discover how these probiotics build up intestinal flora.
Royal Flora Soil Based Probiotics 450mg 120 Caps Ingredients: Humic fulvic acids containing soil based microorganisms (Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium bifidum, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus lactis, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus casei, Bifidobacterium licheniformis, Bifidobacterium subtilis), bilberry leaf, ginger rhizome, milk thistle seed, cilantro leaf, hypromellose capsule. Suggested Use: Adults and children 16 or more years of age: 2 capsules daily 20-30 minutes before a meal with a glass of water or as directed. For further information, please view the product label by clicking the blue
6 mixed berry. 6 black cherry. Vit D added. 1.5 milkfat. Grade A. With Bifidus Regularis. Helps regulate your digestive system. No. 1 probiotic yogurt brand (Based on IRI Proactive Health Data Total US Dollar sales over the last 52 weeks.). 2 cups free (Based on a comparison of the average non-promotional price over the last 13 weeks.) vs. price of 3 four packs. A smooth, blended, delicious, lowfat yogurt. Consume daily for two weeks as part of a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle. Contains a natural probiotic culture - Bifidus Regularis - (Bifidobacterium lactis DN 173-010) only in Activia. For more details, see inside package, visit us at www.activia.com. Live & Active Cultures (Meets National Yogurt Association criteria for live and active culture yogurt). GF: Certified gluten-free. A product of The Danone Group. Contains the active cultures, L. Bulgaricus, S. Thermophilus and Bifidobacterium Lactis DN 173-010 (Bifidus Regularis). Overwrap made from 100% recycled content. 35% post consumer ...
Probiotic Plus Powder has been proved very innovative product due to the presence of good bacteria which plays an important role in physical wellbeing and good health by reducing the growth of harmful products. These bacteria assist the process of digestion, releases nutrients, growth and development and maintain a balanced and healthy system.. Different ingredients and their uses. It contains 5 most viable and stable strains representing the best researched good bacteria. It is an advanced and unique probiotic blend of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus paracasel, Bifidobacterium longum, Lactobacillus plantarum and Bifidobacterium lactis. These are good bacteria used in various health problems, includes:. ...
Sprawdź ile zapłacisz za lek lactobacillus acidophilus/bifidobacterium w aptece, znajdź tańsze zamienniki leku. Określ swoje uprawnienia i sprawdź jakie zniżki Ci przysługują.
Received 25 February 2013; received in revised form 12 April 2013; accepted 2 May 2013. published online 11 June 2013.. A psychobiotic is a live organism that, WHEN ingested in adequate amounts, produces a health benefit in patients suffering from psychiatric illness.. As a class of probiotic, these bacteria are capable of producing and delivering neuroactive substances such as gamma-aminobutyric acid and serotonin, which act on the brain. Preclinical evaluation in rodents suggests that certain psychobiotics possess antidepressant or anxiolytic activity. Effects may be mediated via the vagus nerve, spinal cord, or neuroendocrine systems. So far, psychobiotics have been most extensively studied in a liaison psychiatric setting in patients with irritable bowel syndrome, where positive benefits have been reported for a number of organisms including Bifidobacterium infantis. Evidence is emerging of benefits in alleviating symptoms of depression and in chronic fatigue syndrome.. Benefits may be ...
Each strain was chosen to be effective, and special priority was given to those with extensive coverage in scientific journals and studies. This research is important: 1MD want to be sure that all ingredients used are safe, effective, and verified.. They also prioritised bile-resistant ingredients, so that they are able to thrive in the gut. This is what the word potent means: lower quality probiotics may not be as resistant to bile and stomach acid, meaning they will struggle to thrive and be effective.. If you look at the list youll see two words crop up quote often: lactobacillus (lactic acid bacteria) and bifidobacteria. These are the two main strains used in many probiotic products (12), thanks to their range of benefits.. In the next section well take a look at each of the probiotic strains, and explore the health benefits associated with each one. Bifidobacterium Lactis. This is a "well-known, health-promoting" probiotic (13) that has been the subject of hundreds of scientific studies ...
A live formulation of lyophilized Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium longum, Bifidobacterium infantis, Lactobacillus ... "Bifidobacterium". WebMD. 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014. May, Gareth (11 June 2015). "Fermented food: everything you need to ... "Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to a combination of Bifidobacterium longum LA 101, ... The isolated bacterium named Bacillus bifidus communis was later renamed to the genus Bifidobacterium. Tissier found that ...
and Bifidobacterium spp. Recent studies have explored mode of action of proteobiotics and their potential benefits in ... Kim, Younghoon; Lee, Jae Won; Kang, Seo-Gu; Oh, Sejong; Griffiths, Mansel W. (2012-10-01). "Bifidobacterium spp. influences the ... Whereas those produced by Bifidobacterium spp. have been shown to impact virulence gene expression in Campylobacter jejuni, ... "Cell-Free Preparations of Lactobacillus acidophilus Strain La-5 and Bifidobacterium longum Strain NCC2705 Affect Virulence Gene ...
Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and related organisms; Genus Brucella; Burkholderia, Ralstonia and related organisms; ...
Veerkamp JH (1974). "Biochemical changes in Bifidobacterium bifidum var. pennsylvanicus after cell-wall inhibition. VI. ...
"Oxalate-degrading activity in Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis: impact of acidic conditions on the transcriptional levels ...
Other studies in which Bifidobacterium spp. and Lactobacillus acidophilus have been administered revealed no significant ...
"Induction of the sucrose utilisation genes from Bifidobacterium lactis by sucrose and raffinose. " Journal of Applied and ... "Structural Rearrangements of Sucrose Phosphorylase from Bifidobacterium adolescentis during Sucrose Conversion." Journal of ... "Crystal Structure of Sucrose Phosphorylase from Bifidobacterium adolescentis." Biochemistry Journal 43.5 (2004): 1156-62. ...
Khosaka T, Sakurai T, Takahashi H, Saito H (February 1982). "A new site-specific endonuclease Bbei from Bifidobacterium breve ...
"Molecular identification of monomeric aspartate racemase from Bifidobacterium bifidum". Eur. J. Biochem. 271 (23-24): 4798-803 ...
By definition, lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium) do not form spores. Therefore, using the name ...
... products thus contain Bifidobacterium animalis DN 173,010, a proprietary strain of Bifidobacterium, a probiotic which ... In its marketing for Activia, Danone claimed that Bifidobacterium animalis relieves irregularity. In the 2010 Activia TV ... is marketed by Dannon under the trade names Bifidus Regularis, Bifidus Actiregularis, Bifidus Digestivum and Bifidobacterium ...
... pyrophosphorylase from Bifidobacterium bifidum". J. Biochem. Tokyo. 86 (4): 923-8. PMID 500588. Lobelle-Rich PA, Reeves RE ( ...
Delgado, S., Flórez, A. B., & Mayo, B. (2005). Antibiotic susceptibility of Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium species from the ...
Others like Bifidobacterium are extracted from the feces of newborns, while others such as some strains of L. brevis come from ... Bezirtzoglou E, Romond C (1990). "Occurrence of Bifidobacterium in the feces of newborns delivered by cesarean section". ...
The probiotics most often used for this purpose contain Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. Horse colic "Colitis-X". Merck ...
Degnan, B. A.; Macfarlane, G. T. "Transport and metabolism of glucose and arabinose in Bifidobacterium breve". Archives of ...
"Phytate degradation by human gut isolated Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum ATCC27919 and its probiotic potential". ...
The isolated bacterium named Bacillus bifidus communis[54] was later renamed to the genus Bifidobacterium. Tissier found that ... "Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to a combination of Bifidobacterium longum LA 101, ... Bifidobacterium bifidum, Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus, Lactobacillus helveticus, ... "Functional modulation of human intestinal epithelial cell responses by Bifidobacterium infantis and Lactobacillus salivarius" ...
However, it does not have significant action against Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, and other protective bacteria. Bambermycin ...
... mainly by Bifidobacterium bacteria strains inhabiting the gastrointestinal tract. However, this bioconversion may not occur at ... "Complete Genome Sequence of Bifidobacterium breve CECT 7263, a Strain Isolated from Human Milk". Journal of Bacteriology. 194 ( ...
About 99% of the large intestine and feces flora are made up of obligate anaerobes such as Bacteroides and Bifidobacterium. ... and Bifidobacterium. Other genera, such as Escherichia and Lactobacillus, are present to a lesser extent. Species from the ... Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus genera (B. longum, B. breve, B. infantis, L. helveticus, L. rhamnosus, L. plantarum, and L. ... Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus genera (B. longum, B. breve, B. infantis, L. helveticus, L. rhamnosus, L. plantarum, and L. ...
2002). "The genome sequence of Bifidobacterium longum reflects its adaptation to the human gastrointestinal tract". Proc. Natl ...
Gardnerella vaginalis branches between different Bifidobacterium species, which makes the genus Bifidobacterium polyphyletic. ... This indel is thus characteristic of the clade consisting of Bifidobacterium species and G. vaginalis and can be used to ... The genus could be made monophyletic if G. vaginalis was placed within the Bifidobacterium genus. Comparative analysis of ... Additionally, 6 conserved signature proteins which are unique to Bifidobacterium and Gardnerella have been identified, ...
... and Bifidobacterium-containing yogurt improved the rates of eradication of H. pylori in humans. Symbiotic butyrate-producing ... and Bifidobacterium-containing yogurt in subjects with colonized Helicobacter pylori" (PDF). The American Journal of Clinical ...
Bifidobacterium longum and Clostridium perfringens". Glycobiology. 18 (9): 727-734. doi:10.1093/glycob/cwn053. PMID 18559962. ... "Crystallographic and mutational analyses of substrate recognition of endo-α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase from Bifidobacterium ... of a novel glycoside hydrolase family of core 1 type O-glycan-specific endo-α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase from Bifidobacterium ...
... reclassification of Bifidobacterium animalis as Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. animalis subsp. nov. and Bifidobacterium lactis ... Lidl lists "Bifidobacterium BB-12" in its "Proviact" yogurt. Bifidobacterium lactis Bl-04 and Bi-07 are strains from DuPonts ... Bifidobacterium animalis is a gram-positive, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium of the Bifidobacterium genus which can be found in ... Bifidobacterium animalis and Bifidobacterium lactis were previously described as two distinct species. Presently, both are ...
Genomic DNA from Bifidobacterium adolescentis strain E194a (Variant a) TypeStrain=True Application: ... Bifidobacterium adolescentis Reuter (ATCC® 15703D-5™) Strain Designations: Genomic DNA from Bifidobacterium adolescentis strain ... Nucleotide (GenBank) : BIFRR16SA Bifidobacterium adolescentis 16S ribosomal RNA Nucleotide (GenBank) : AP009256 Bifidobacterium ... Bifidobacterium adolescentis Reuter ATCC® 15703D-5™ dried Total DNA: At least 5 µg in 1X TE buffer.. OD260/OD280: 1.6 to 2.0 ...
Although the genus Bifidobacterium was originally named for its bifid morphology, not all bifidobacterial species have a ... Although the genus Bifidobacterium was originally named for its bifid morphology, not all bifidobacterial species have a ... Bifidobacterium infantis changed from rods to coccoids at 42°C. Almost all the other strains of Bifidobacterium maintained the ... C. elegans also differentiates among the Bifidobacterium, as seen in Figure 8. Of the three Bifidobacterium species given as ...
... and Bifidobacterium lactis (BB-12) in the stool of healthy humans following daily consumption of a probiotic supplement ... and Bifidobacterium Animalis Subspecies Lactis (BB-12) in Healthy Humans Following Daily Consumption of ProNutrients Probiotic ...
Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis CNCM-I2494 Restores Gut Barrier Permeability in Chronically Low-Grade Inflamed Mice. ...
"bifidobacterium animalis"[MeSH Terms] OR ("bifidobacterium"[All Fields] AND "animalis"[All Fields]) OR "bifidobacterium ... Benefits of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis Probiotic in Experimental Periodontitis. Oliveira LF et al. J Periodontol. ( ... Bifidobacterium animalis subspecies lactis engineered to produce mycosporin-like amino acids in colorectal cancer prevention. ... Bifidobacterium lactis Ameliorates the Risk of Food Allergy in Chinese Children by Affecting Relative Percentage of Treg and ...
Bifidobacterium longum DJO10A, complete genome Bifidobacterium longum DJO10A, complete genome. gi,189438863,ref,NC_010816.1, ...
Bifidobacterium at Microbe Wiki Genomes Online Database contains many Bifidobacterium genome projects Comparative Analysis of ... Adding bifidobacterium as a probiotic to conventional treatment of ulcerative colitis has been shown to be associated with ... Bifidobacterium is a genus of gram-positive, nonmotile, often branched anaerobic bacteria. They are ubiquitous inhabitants of ... Before the 1960s, Bifidobacterium species were collectively referred to as "Lactobacillus bifidus". In 1899, Henry Tissier, a ...
Bifidobacterium ruminantium is a bacterium found in bovine rumens. Biavati, B.; Mattarelli, P. (1991). "Bifidobacterium ... 201-. ISBN 978-0-549-53966-7. Bifidobacterium ruminantium at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Bifidobacterium ... and Bifidobacterium merycicum sp. nov. from the Rumens of Cattle". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 41 (1): ... "Case Study of the Distribution of Mucosa-Associated Bifidobacterium Species, Lactobacillus Species, and Other Lactic Acid ...
Bifidobacterium longum subsp. Longum subsp. Nov., Bifidobacterium longum subsp. Infantis comb. Nov. And Bifidobacterium longum ... "Unification of Bifidobacterium infantis and Bifidobacterium suis as Bifidobacterium longum". International Journal of ... Bifidobacterium longum ssp. longum 35624, previously classified as Bifidobacterium longum ssp. infantis 35624, classified as ... "Efficiency of PCR-based methods in discriminating Bifidobacterium longum ssp. Longum and Bifidobacterium longum ssp. Infantis ...
Bifidobacterium dentium is a species of bacteria in the genus Bifidobacterium, branched anaerobic bacteria from the ... Parte, A.C. "Bifidobacterium". www.bacterio.net. "The Bifidobacterium Dentium Bd1 Genome Sequence Reflects Its Genetic ... Accessed online June 22, 2012 at http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/246708.php Type strain of Bifidobacterium dentium at ...
Bifidobacterium tsurumiense is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped species of bacteria. Strains of this species were originally ... Okamoto, M.; Benno, Y.; Leung, K.-P; Maeda, N. (1 January 2008). "Bifidobacterium tsurumiense sp. nov., from hamster dental ... Type strain of Bifidobacterium tsurumiense at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...
Bifidobacterium bifidum is a bacterial species of the Bifidobacterium genus. B. bifidum is one of the most common probiotic ... Type strain of Bifidobacterium bifidum at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ... "Bifidobacterium". www.bacterio.net. Selle K, Klaenhammer TR (2013). "Genomic and phenotypic evidence for probiotic influences ...
"Species identification of genus Bifidobacterium based on partial HSP60 gene sequences and proposal of Bifidobacterium ... Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped species of bacteria. Strains of this species were originally ... "Effect of Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum probiotic feeding on enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection in BALB/c ... Dong, X.; Xin, Y.; Jian, W.; Liu, X.; Ling, D. (1 January 2000). "Bifidobacterium thermacidophilum sp. nov., isolated from an ...
In 1971, Bifidobacterium parvulorum and Bifidobacterium breve were merged under the name Bifidobacterium breve. Bifidobacterim ... Bifidobacterium breve is a bacterial species of the Bifidobacterium genus which has probiotic properties. B. breve strains were ... Tabbers, M.; de Milliano, I.; Roseboom, M.; Benninga, M. (2011). "Is Bifidobacterium breve effective in the treatment of ... Type strain of Bifidobacterium breve at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...
Bifidobacterium merycicum is a bacterium found in bovine rumens. Biavati, B.; Mattarelli, P. (1991). "Bifidobacterium ... 21-. ISBN 978-3-642-20838-6. Bifidobacterium merycicum at the Encyclopedia of Life LPSN Type strain of Bifidobacterium ... and Bifidobacterium merycicum sp. nov. from the Rumens of Cattle". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology. 41 (1): ...
Bifidobacterium asteroides is a gram-positive, rod-shaped species of bacteria. Various strains of this species have been ... Sgorbati, B; Scardovi, V; Leblanc, DJ (Oct 1986). "Related structures in the plasmid profiles of Bifidobacterium asteroides, B ... KANDLER, O. (1 October 1970). "Amino acid sequence of the murein and taxonomy of the genera Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, ... Type strain of Bifidobacterium asteroides at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase. ...
Bifidobacterium longum is one of the most prevalent micro-organisms in your intestinal tract. And its a probiotic (pro-life ... Bifidobacterium are one of a number of probiotic ("pro-life") bacteria that perform a range of useful services such as ... Bifidobacterium are one of a number of probiotic ("pro-life") bacteria that perform a range of useful services such as ... Bifidobacterium longum is one of the most prevalent micro-organisms in your intestinal tract. And its a probiotic ("pro-life ...
Genus: Bifidobacterium Species: Bifidobacterium longum. Subspecies: Bifidobacterium longum suis. Name[edit]. Bifidobacterium ... Sakata S et al. (2002) Unification of Bifidobacterium infantis and Bifidobacterium suis as Bifidobacterium longum. ... Bifidobacterium longum subsp. longum subsp. nov., Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis comb. nov. and Bifidobacterium longum ... Matteuzzi D et al. (1971) Bifidobacterium suis n. sp.: a new species of the genus Bifidobacterium isolated from pig feces. ...
Unification of Bifidobacterium infantis and Bifidobacterium suis as Bifidobacterium longum. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 52:1945- ... Microbiological effects of consuming a synbiotic containing Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium lactis, and oligofructose ... Gut Bifidobacterium microbiota of the elderly has been suggested to differ from that of adults, possibly promoting the risk of ... The Bifidobacterium levels in the elderly were high and the species composition diverse. Probiotic intervention increased the ...
Impact of Bifidobacterium bifidum MIMBb75 on mouse intestinal microorganisms.. Singh N1, Arioli S, Wang A, Villa CR, Jahani R, ... Bifidobacterium bifidum MIMBb75 was able to transiently colonize the murine intestine, with the predominant niche being the ... Bifidobacterium bifidum MIMBb75 is a recently identified probiotic. However, its distribution along the intestine and impact on ...
Bifidobacterium infantis ATCC 15697 has five genes encoding β-galactosidases, and three of them were induced during bacterial ... Utilization of galactooligosaccharides by Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis isolates.. Garrido D1, Ruiz-Moyano S, Jimenez- ... In this study the consumption of galactooligosaccharides was studied for 22 isolates of Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis ... especially Bifidobacterium species. Among them, fructo- and galacto-oligosaccharides are commonly used in the food industry, ...
A Microbial Biorealm page on the genus Bifidobacterium Bifidobacterium adolescentis. From The Food Research and Development ... Doe Joint Genome Institute: Bifidobacterium longum. 2004 Leahy, S, et al. "The genome sequence of Bifidobacterium breve." ... While Bifidobacterium infantis, B. brevi, and B. longum are the largest group of bacteria in the intestine of infants, ... Bifidobacterium cells on colon epithelium. From Centre of Excellence for Knowledge Transfer, Research and Education in Food and ...
... Wei Y.X., Zhang Z.Y., Liu C., Zhu Y.Z., Zhu Y.Q., Zheng H., Zhao G. ... Recently, we completely sequenced Bifidobacterium longum JDM301, which is a widely used Chinese commercial strain with several ...
Bifidobacterium animalis. Bifidobacterium animalis is a Gram-positive, anaerobic, nonsporeforming bacillus. It is occasionally ... Antimicrobial susceptibility of Bifidobacterium strains from humans, animals and probiotic products [6] L. Masco1,*, K. Van ... Effects of ingesting Lactobacillus- and Bifidobacterium-containing yogurt in subjects with colonized Helicobacter pylori1-3 [7 ... The Bifidobacterium or Lactobacillus can be acquired via the consumption of yogurt. In order to test this hypothesis the ...
  • Bifidobacterium animalis and Bifidobacterium lactis were previously described as two distinct species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the genus Bifidobacterium was originally named for its bifid morphology, not all bifidobacterial species have a similar structure, and very few of them adopt a bifid shape under stress conditions. (frontiersin.org)
  • The genus Bifidobacterium is so designated because in the reference species, one end was a rocket-shaped and the other, longitudinally split ( Tissier, 1900 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • However, the lack of cutting-edge research into the taxonomy of the genus Bifidobacterium has meant that these species have been retained in Bifidobacterium , regardless of morphological differences. (frontiersin.org)
  • Because very few bifidobacterial strains have a bifid shape, even though some are polymorphic both rod-shaped and bifid-shaped species are retained in the single genus Bifidobacterium . (frontiersin.org)
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction ATP + N-acetyl-D-hexosamine ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } ADP + N-acetyl-alpha-D-hexosamine 1-phosphate This enzyme is involved in the lacto-N-biose I/galacto-N-biose degradation pathway in the probiotic bacterium Bifidobacterium longum. (wikipedia.org)
  • This indel is thus characteristic of the clade consisting of Bifidobacterium species and G. vaginalis and can be used to distinguish these genera from the rest of the order Bifidobacteriales. (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, 6 conserved signature proteins which are unique to Bifidobacterium and Gardnerella have been identified, providing further evidence that species from these two genera are closely related and providing molecular markers for the clade consisting of these genera. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of this study was to determine variations on fecal short chain fatty acids (SCFA) concentration in obese women treated with ITF and to explore associations between Bifidobacterium species, SCFA and host biological markers of metabolism. (nih.gov)
  • Even though there was a substantial amount of research done so far, the entire genome structure of Bifidobacterium still appears to be meager. (citizendium.org)
  • Bifidobacterium, lactobacillus, and streptococcus is used in people with irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, or an ileal pouch. (wellspan.org)
  • A new study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Gastroenterology found that Bifantis (Bifidobacterium infantis 35624) may help relieve many of the symptoms associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in women, including diarrhea and constipation(1). (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Therefore, this study aimed to examine the effects of Bifidobacterium longum ( B. longum ) on bone mass density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC), bone remodeling, bone structure, and gene expression in OVX rats. (hindawi.com)
  • However, the precise appraisal of the biodiversity of Bifidobacterium species within the gut remains a challenging task because of the limited resolving power of the 16S rRNA gene in different species. (mdpi.com)
  • Hu L, Lu W, Wang L, Pan M, Zhang H, Zhao J, Chen W. Assessment of Bifidobacterium Species Using groEL Gene on the Basis of Illumina MiSeq High-Throughput Sequencing. (mdpi.com)