Chemical, spectroscopic, or microscopic detection of extremely small amounts of blood.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Radiographic examination of the breast.
Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.
Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The dried seeds, bark, root, stems, buds, leaves, or fruit of aromatic plants used to season food.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The study of medicines derived from botanical sources.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Material prepared from plants.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The effect of herbs, other PLANTS, or PLANT EXTRACTS on the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of drugs.
A plant genus of the family Ephedraceae, order Ephedrales, class Gnetopsida, division Gnetophyta.
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
System of herbal medicine practiced in Japan by both herbalists and practitioners of modern medicine. Kampo originated in China and is based on Chinese herbal medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).
Root-like underground horizontal stem of plants that produces shoots above and roots below. Distinguished from true roots which don't have buds and nodes. Similar to true roots in being underground and thickened by storage deposits.
The traditional Hindu system of medicine which is based on customs, beliefs, and practices of the Hindu culture. Ayurveda means "the science of Life": veda - science, ayur - life.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE with strong-smelling foliage. It is a source of SANTONIN and other cytotoxic TERPENES.
A plant species of the Salvia genus known as a spice and medicinal plant.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
Nitro-phenanthrenes occurring in ARISTOLOCHIACEAE and other plants. They derive from stephanine (APORPHINES) by oxidative ring cleavage. The nitro group is a reactive alkylator (ALKYLATING AGENTS) that binds to biological macromolecules. Ingestion by humans is associated with nephropathy (NEPHRITIS). There is no relationship to the similar named aristolochene (SESQUITERPENES).
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE a common weed of the southeast US. There has been folk use for alcoholism and liver protection. It contains puerarin, kakkalide, daidzein (isoflavonoids), and kudzusaponins (oleanene-type triterpene glycosides).
A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE that is a source of triterpenoids and diterpene epoxides such as triptolide.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE which is used in Chinese medicine (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL). Evodiamine and other quinazoline alkaloids (QUINAZOLINES) are obtained from the fruit of E. ruticarpa.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
The only family of the buckwheat order (Polygonales) of dicotyledonous flowering plants. It has 40 genera of herbs, shrubs, and trees.
A plant genus of the family BERBERIDACEAE which is used in DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL. Members contain flavonol glycosides including epimedins, icariin and noricariin.
A genus of perennial herbs used topically and internally. It contains echinacoside, GLYCOSIDES; INULIN; isobutyl amides, resin, and SESQUITERPENES.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that contains leonurine.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
The mint plant family. They are characteristically aromatic, and many of them are cultivated for their oils. Most have square stems, opposite leaves, and two-lipped, open-mouthed, tubular corollas (united petals), with five-lobed, bell-like calyxes (united sepals).
The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people in EAST ASIA.
Common name for several daisy-like plants (MATRICARIA; TRIPLEUROSPERMUM; ANTHEMIS; CHAMAEMELUM) native to Europe and Western Asia, now naturalized in the United States and Australia.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE best known for the thyme spice added to foods.
Deciduous plant rich in volatile oil (OILS, VOLATILE). It is used as a flavoring agent and has many other uses both internally and topically.
A flavonol glycoside found in many plants, including BUCKWHEAT; TOBACCO; FORSYTHIA; HYDRANGEA; VIOLA, etc. It has been used therapeutically to decrease capillary fragility.
An araliaceous genus of plants that contains a number of pharmacologically active agents used as stimulants, sedatives, and tonics, especially in traditional medicine. Sometimes confused with Siberian ginseng (ELEUTHEROCOCCUS).
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains butrin and isobutrin.
A plant species of the genus PANAX. It contains damarane-type tetracyclic TRITERPENES. The common names of Sanchi or Tienchi are also used for Panax pseudoginseng which is distinguished in containing oleanane-type pentacyclic triterpenoids.
Twenty-carbon compounds derived from MEVALONIC ACID or deoxyxylulose phosphate.
An aromatic perennial plant species that has been used to treat migraines, arthritis, and as a febrifuge. It contains TANNINS, volatile oils (OILS, ESSENTIAL), and sesquiterpene lactones, especially parthenolide.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Members contain murrayanine, koenine, isomahanine, kwangsine, siamenol, murrayafoline A, murrayaquinone A and other cytotoxic carbazolequinones.
The above-ground plant without the roots.
A plant genus of the family ARALIACEAE. Ciwujia extract, which is prepared from plants of this genus, contains ciwujianosides and is used to enhance PHYSICAL ENDURANCE.
A plant species of the Astragalus genus which is source of Huang qi preparation used in TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain a number of diterpenoid alkaloids including: aconitans, hypaconitine, ACONITINE, jesaconitine, ignavine, napelline, and mesaconitine. The common name of Wolfbane is similar to the common name for ARNICA.
Genus of perennial plants in the family CLUSIACEAE (sometimes classified as Hypericaceae). Herbal and homeopathic preparations are used for depression, neuralgias, and a variety of other conditions. Hypericum contains flavonoids; GLYCOSIDES; mucilage, TANNINS; volatile oils (OILS, ESSENTIAL), hypericin and hyperforin.
This plant order includes 8 families, 66 genera, and about 1,800 species. These herbaceous perennials are mainly found in the wet tropics. Members include the banana family (MUSACEAE) and GINGER family (ZINGIBERACEAE).
Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
A plant family of the order Primulales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. The flowers have both stamens and pistil, and the fruits are capsules.
A group of DITERPENES cyclized into 3-ring PHENANTHRENES.
A plant species which is known as an Oriental traditional medicinal plant.
A family of flowering plants in the order Caryophyllales, with about 60 genera and more than 800 species of plants, with a few shrubs, trees, and vines. The leaves usually have nonindented edges.
A plant genus of the family DRYOPTERIDACEAE.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that is the source of peppermint oil.
The discipline concerned with using the combination of conventional ALLOPATHIC MEDICINE and ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE to address the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of health and illness.
A plant genus of the family PYROLACEAE. The common name of wintergreen is more often used for GAULTHERIA.
A plant genus in the family CAPRIFOLIACEAE known for elderberries.
The buttercup plant family of the order Ranunculales, subclass Magnoliidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are usually alternate and stalkless. The flowers usually have two to five free sepals and may be radially symmetrical or irregular.
Preparations of Cassia senna and C. angustifolia (see SENNA PLANT). They contain sennosides, which are anthraquinone type CATHARTICS and are used in many different preparations as laxatives.
A plant genus of the family PRIMULACEAE. It can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS. SAPONINS have been identified in the root.
A plant species of the genus SCUTELLARIA, family LAMIACEAE, that contains skullcapflavone and is used in CHINESE HERBAL DRUGS.
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE.
A plant genus in the family FABACEAE, subfamily Papilionaceae, order Fabales, subclass Rosidae. Many of the species are associated with poisoning of grazing animals. Some of the species are used medicinally.
A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE, order Asterales, subclass Asteridae. It is a source of costus root oil and should not be confused with the genus COSTUS.
The only specie of the genus Ginkgo, family Ginkgoacea. It is the source of extracts of medicinal interest, especially Egb 761. Ginkgo may refer to the genus or species.
A plant genus of the family CAPRIFOLIACEAE. Members contain iridoid glucosides.
A plant genus of the family APOCYNACEAE. On rare occasions it is called Milkweed, but should not be confused with true Milkweed (ASCLEPIAS).
A plant of the family APIACEAE which is the source of asiatic acid and asiaticoside. Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. = Hydrocotyle asiatica L. is known for effect on peripheral circulation.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE that is similar to CONYZA. Members contain SESQUITERPENES.
A plant genus of the family BORAGINACEAE.
Mentha is a genus of the mint family (LAMIACEAE). It is known for species having characteristic flavor and aroma.
A cyanogenic glycoside found in the seeds of Rosaceae.
A plant genus of the LAMIACEAE family. It is known as a spice and medicinal plant.
A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE. Members contain chrysophanic acid, rhein, EMODIN, and other ANTHRAQUINONES. The roots were formerly used as PURGATIVES.
A plant family of the order Lamiales. It is characterized by simple leaves in opposite pairs, cystoliths (enlarged cells containing crystals of calcium carbonate), and bilaterally symmetrical and bisexual flowers that are usually crowded together. The common name for Ruellia of wild petunia is easily confused with PETUNIA.
A naturally occurring phenolic acid which is a carcinogenic inhibitor. It has also been shown to prevent paraquat-induced oxidative stress in rats. (From J Chromatogr A 1996;741(2):223-31; Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 1996;60(5):765-68).
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.
A plant genus of the family MENISPERMACEAE. Members contain cycleanine.
A plant genus of the family LILIACEAE that is a short plant with a distinct whorl of 3 broad leaves.
A plant genus of the family Aloeaceae, order Liliales (or Asphodelaceae, Asparagales in APG system) which is used medicinally. It contains anthraquinone glycosides such as aloin-emodin or aloe-emodin (EMODIN).
A plant genus of the family MAGNOLIACEAE. The germacranolide sesquiterpene lactones costunolide, parthenolide, and costunolide diepoxide have been isolated from the leaves. Bark contains honokiol and magnolol. Parts are an ingredient of Banxia Houpo Tang.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. SENNA EXTRACT is obtained from members of this genus. Members contain ANTHRAQUINONES and have been an ingredient in laxatives (CATHARTICS). Many species of the CASSIA genus have been reclassified into this genus. This bush should not be confused with the Cassia tree (CINNAMOMUM).
A plant genus of the family ZINGIBERACEAE that contains CURCUMIN and curcuminoids.
A plant genus of the family Apiaceae.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain withanolides. Withania somnifera is the source of ashwagandha and aswal.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. The small plants usually have a dense tuft of basal leaves and long, leafless stalks bearing a terminal spike of small flowers. The seeds, known as PSYLLIUM, swell in water and are used as laxatives. The leaves have been used medicinally.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that contains pulegone. Do not confuse with 'American false pennyroyal' (HEDEOMA).
Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.
The reproductive organs of plants.
A plant genus of the family AMARANTHACEAE, order Caryophyllales, which has been used in traditional medicine (MEDICINE, CHINESE TRADITIONAL).
A plant species of the family POLYGONACEAE. Itadori tea is prepared from the root of this genus.
A subclass of iridoid compounds that include a glucoside moiety, usually found at the C-1 position.
A plant family of the order Dipsacales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes called the teasel family.
A genus of leguminous herbs or shrubs whose roots yield GLYCYRRHETINIC ACID and its derivative, CARBENOXOLONE.
A plant genus of the family RUBIACEAE. The root is a source of red dyes (madder color and 1,2,4-trihydroxy-9,10-anthracenedione) and ANTHRAQUINONES.
Dried rhizome and roots of Piper methysticum, a shrub native to Oceania and known for its anti-anxiety and sedative properties. Heavy usage results in some adverse effects. It contains ALKALOIDS; LACTONES; kawain, methysticin, mucilage, STARCH, and yangonin. Kava is also the name of the pungent beverage prepared from the plant's roots.
The self administration of medication not prescribed by a physician or in a manner not directed by a physician.
The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.
A plant genus of the family ARACEAE that contains pinellian (an acidic polysaccharide). The plant is an ingredient of some traditional Asian medicinal mixtures including sho-saiko-to, saiko-keishi-to, and banxia houpu decoction.
A plant genus of the family ARISTOLOCHIACEAE. Species of this genus have been used in traditional medicine but they contain aristolochic acid which is associated with nephropathy. These are sometimes called 'snakeroot' but that name is also used with a number of other plants such as POLYGALA; SANICULA; ASARUM; ARISTOLOCHIA; AGERATINA; and others.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE. Members contain TRITERPENES. Heal all is another common name.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. M. chamomilla appears similar to Anthemis but this flower disk is conical and hollow and lacks chaffy bract scales and the odor is weaker. The common name of 'manzanilla' is confused with other meanings of the word. 'Matricaria chamomilla sensu' is classified by some as Tripleurospermum perforata. Other plants with similar common names include CHAMAEMELUM; TRIPLEUROSPERMUM and ANTHEMIS.
Hypoxis is a plant genus in the family LILIACEAE (sometimes classified as Hypoxidaceae).
An alkaloid from Hydrastis canadensis L., Berberidaceae. It is also found in many other plants. It is relatively toxic parenterally, but has been used orally for various parasitic and fungal infections and as antidiarrheal.
A plant genus of the family VALERIANACEAE, order Dipsacales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. It is best known for the sedative use and valepotriate content of the roots. It is sometimes called Garden Heliotrope but is unrelated to true Heliotrope (HELIOTROPIUM).
Hydrocarbons with more than one triple bond; or an oxidized form of POLYENES. They can react with SULFUR to form THIOPHENES.
Phenolic benzoic acid esters.
A large plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE, order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae. They have a milky sap and a female flower consisting of a single pistil, surrounded by numerous male flowers of one stamen each. Euphorbia hirta is rarely called milkweed but that name is normally used for ASCLEPIAS.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain hinesol and atractylon. Atractylodes rhizome is Byaku-jutsu. A. lancea rhizome is So-jutsu.
Water that emerges to the surface of the earth from underground.
One of the Liliaceae used as a spice (SPICES) and traditional remedy. It contains alliin lyase and alliin, which is converted by alliin lyase to allicin, the pungent ingredient responsible for the aroma of fresh cut garlic.
A group of FLAVONOIDS characterized with a 4-ketone.
Organic nitrogenous bases. Many alkaloids of medical importance occur in the animal and vegetable kingdoms, and some have been synthesized. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
An independent state in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, north of Venezuela, comprising the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. Its capital is Port of Spain. Both islands were discovered by Columbus in 1498. The Spanish, English, Dutch, and French figure in their history over four centuries. Trinidad and Tobago united in 1898 and were made part of the British colony of Trinidad and Tobago in 1899. The colony became an independent state in 1962. Trinidad was so named by Columbus either because he arrived on Trinity Sunday or because three mountain peaks suggested the Holy Trinity. Tobago was given the name by Columbus from the Haitian tambaku, pipe, from the natives' habit of smoking tobacco leaves. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1228, 1216 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p555, 547)
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A type of glycoside widely distributed in plants. Each consists of a sapogenin as the aglycone moiety, and a sugar. The sapogenin may be a steroid or a triterpene and the sugar may be glucose, galactose, a pentose, or a methylpentose.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
A plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida which is a small family of small trees and shrubs growing in arid and warm regions.
Agents obtained from higher plants that have demonstrable cytostatic or antineoplastic activity.
A plant species of the genus CINNAMOMUM that contains CINNAMATES and has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL).
A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE. Members contain TRITERPENES.
Organic compounds that include a cyclic ether with three ring atoms in their structure. They are commonly used as precursors for POLYMERS such as EPOXY RESINS.
A plant genus of the family VIOLACEAE. Some species in this genus are called bouncing bet which is a common name more often used with SAPONARIA OFFICINALIS. Members contain macrocyclic peptides.
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE used in SPICES.
A plant genus of the family RUBIACEAE. Members contain anthraquinones and iridoids. H. diffusa is used in DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL.
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
A phenethylamine found in EPHEDRA SINICA. PSEUDOEPHEDRINE is an isomer. It is an alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonist that may also enhance release of norepinephrine. It has been used for asthma, heart failure, rhinitis, and urinary incontinence, and for its central nervous system stimulatory effects in the treatment of narcolepsy and depression. It has become less extensively used with the advent of more selective agonists.
The parts of plants, including SEEDS.
A plant genus in the family APIACEAE (Umbelliferae) that is used in SPICES and is a source of anethole.
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that contains dihydroayapin (COUMARINS) and phenanthraquinones.
A plant genus of the family ERICACEAE.
Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. INULIN and SESQUITERPENES have been found in it.
A plant family of the order Aristolochiales subclass Magnoliidae class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly tropical woody vines and a few temperate-zone species. The flowers are 3-parted; some species lack petals while others are large and foul smelling.
A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that is an ingredient of Shou-Wu-Pian, a Chinese herbal preparation (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL). The common name of black bindweed also refers to TAMUS or Fallopia (use POLYGONACEAE).
ISOQUINOLINES with a benzyl substituent.
A plant family of the order Zingiberales, subclass Zingiberidae, class Liliopsida. It includes plants which have both flavoring and medicinal properties such as GINGER; turmeric (CURCUMA), and cardamom (ELETTARIA).
A large plant family in the order Apiales, also known as Umbelliferae. Most are aromatic herbs with alternate, feather-divided leaves that are sheathed at the base. The flowers often form a conspicuous flat-topped umbel. Each small individual flower is usually bisexual, with five sepals, five petals, and an enlarged disk at the base of the style. The fruits are ridged and are composed of two parts that split open at maturity.
A plant genus of the family CYPERACEAE. SESQUITERPENES are found in some of the species.
A monocot family within the order Liliales. This family is divided by some botanists into other families such as Convallariaceae, Hyacinthaceae and Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllidaceae, which have inferior ovaries, includes CRINUM; GALANTHUS; LYCORIS; and NARCISSUS and are known for AMARYLLIDACEAE ALKALOIDS.
The aglucon moiety of a saponin molecule. It may be triterpenoid or steroid, usually spirostan, in nature.
The application of smoke, vapor, or gas for the purpose of disinfecting or destroying pests or microorganisms.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Members contain quinoline alkaloids.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Alkaloids derived from TYRAMINE combined with 3,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde via a norbelladine pathway, including GALANTAMINE, lycorine and crinine. They are found in the Amaryllidaceae (LILIACEAE) plant family.
A plant genus of the family ACANTHACEAE. Members contain andrographolide and other DITERPENES and androechin, a CHALCONE.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Plant-derived ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) purified from the Chinese medicinal herb tian-hua-fen which is obtained from the root tubers of Trichosanthes kirilowii. It has been used as an abortifacient and in the treatment of trophoblastic tumors. GLQ223 (Compound Q), a highly purified form of trichosanthin, has been proposed as antiviral treatment for AIDS.
A plant genus of the family BALANOPHORACEAE. Members contain stigmastanes and ursanes (TRITERPENES) and lignan glucopyranosides (LIGNANS).
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE that is the source of bupleurum root and of bupleurotoxin and is an ingredient of sho-saiko-to.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain hellebrin (BUFANOLIDES). The extract is the basis of Boicil preparation used to treat rheumatism.
A mild form of LIMITED SCLERODERMA, a multi-system disorder. Its features include symptoms of CALCINOSIS; RAYNAUD DISEASE; ESOPHAGEAL MOTILITY DISORDERS; sclerodactyly, and TELANGIECTASIS. When the defect in esophageal function is not prominent, it is known as CRST syndrome.
A plant genus of the family LILIACEAE. Members contain anemarans (POLYSACCHARIDES), hinokiresinol, mangiferin (a xanthone), and timosaponin (a steroidal saponin).
A plant genus of the family RUBIACEAE. Members contain uncarine and other cytotoxic and hypotensive oxindole alkaloids.
Substances that influence the course of a chemical reaction by ready combination with free radicals. Among other effects, this combining activity protects pancreatic islets against damage by cytokines and prevents myocardial and pulmonary perfusion injuries.
A plant genus of the family Gnetaceae, order Gnetales class Gnetopsida, division GNETOPHYTA. Members contain STILBENES and benzylisoquinoline alkaloids.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
Somewhat hispid, biennial herb. Stems to 100 centimetres (39 in), solid, swollen below nodes, purple-spotted or wholly purple. ... The early modern physician Boerhaave (1668-1738) once successfully used a decoction of the herb combined with Sarsaparilla to ...
"Wild Herbs of Turkey". Turkish Cultural Foundation. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-12-16. Kyle ... "Chickory Cichorium intybus". Ohio Perennial & Biennial Weed Guide. Ohio State University OARDC Extension. Retrieved February 25 ... Lord Monboddo describes the plant in 1779 as the "chicoree", which the French cultivated as a pot herb. In Napoleonic Era ...
It is an annual or biennial herb. Treatment from the Jepson Manual v t e. ...
Annual or biennial herbs. Usually, the seeds germinate in summer and form a low basal rosette leaves to winter. Flowering in ... prairie peppergrass Lepidium densiflorum is an annual or biennial herb producing a short, erect, branching stem up to about 30 ... but its distribution has expanded and it was consider a poisonous herb to invade many states. Basal rosette leaves, alternate, ...
... is an annual or biennial herb. Its slender to somewhat stout culms measure 20 to 100 cm and occur as either ...
... is a biennial or perennial herb. It produces several flower heads. Ray florets are female, blue or purple. ...
This is generally a biennial or perennial herb. It takes three main forms, a stemless, flat rosette with a cluster of flower ...
Herbert, Ian (18 January 2007). "Wanted: holiday rep to sell joys of Falklands tourism". The Independent. Retrieved 10 August ... "Biennial Report 2008/9" (PDF). Falklands Island Government Department of Agriculture. 31 May 2009. Archived from the original ( ...
It is a biennial herb of the spherical shape. Blossoms in June-July. Grows in Europe, Siberia, Middle East, Northern Africa, ...
It is a biennial herb to one meter tall. In its first year, the plant produces tightly packed rosettes covered in wooly hair. ...
This species is a biennial or monocarpic perennial herb. The stem is up to 60 centimeters tall. It has leaves up to 15 ...
It is a biennial herb with a large taproot. Leaves are compound with narrowly lanecolate leaflets, some of them with narrow, ...
They are annual or biennial herbs. They have been used for various purposes. Lallemantia iberica is cultivated as an oilseed ...
... is a biennial herb with a large taproot. Stems can reach a height of 150 cm (59 in), frequently branching ...
... is a biennial herb with a large taproot. Leaves are bipinnately compound, the leaflets pinnately ...
This species is a biennial or short-lived perennial herb. It produces an erect, branching stem which can reach a meter in ...
... is a biennial herb with a large taproot. It produces a slender, purplish stem up to 1.5 m (4.9 ft) tall. ...
It is an annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial herb. It produces one or more stems from a basal rosette of leaves and a ...
... is a biennial herb in the family Brassicaceae. Common names include land cress, American cress, bank cress, ...
... is a biennial herb with a large taproot. Leaves are compound with narrowly lanceolate, some of the ... Michigan Herb. 11(1): 1-24 Field Museum, Neotropical Herbarium Specimens v t e. ...
... plants are annual or biennial herbs. Their leaves are simple, lanceolate to narrowly elliptic. The flowers are ...
They are annual, biennial, or perennial herbs. Many species are thorny on leaves, stems, or involucre, and some have laticifers ...
This biennial or perennial herb grows up to 2 meters tall. The ribbed, erect stem branches toward the top. There are ...
This biennial herb grows to a maximum height around 22 centimeters. The leaves have blades deeply cut into lobes. The ...
This species is a biennial herb growing from a single stem. It flowers in early spring and has persistent fruit. It is ...
São Paulo Art Biennial, Brazil. Travels to Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Peru and Bolivia. Once again summer stay in Anguillara, ... 1990: Herbert-Boeckl-Award for Modern European Painting. 1990: First Prize of the 1. Biennale Européenne de l'estampe ... 1959: Participates in the documenta II in Kassel, Germany, as well as the V. São Paulo Art Biennial, Brazil. First solo exhibit ... 1974: Award of the city of Ibiza in celebration of the Graphic-Biennial 1974. 1978: August Macke Prize of the city of Meschede ...
... and the 2004 Whitney Biennial. Her work is part of national and state collections worldwide including the following: Herbert F ... "2004 Whitney Biennial Whitney Museum of American Art New York". Stillman, Nick; Heuer, Megan. "2004 Whitney Biennial". ... Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. Retrieved 10 December 2019. "Collection Chloe Piene". moca.org. The ... Chloe Piene at Galerie Barbara Thumm List of Whitney Biennial artists#2004 Chloe Piene on MoMa.org Chloe Piene on Le Centre ...
The plants are biennial herbs with large taproots. There are currently 14 described species in Prionosciadium: Prionosciadium ...
The life span of Rumex maritimus is rarely biennial in moist environments. This herb belongs to the family Polygonaceae. Rumex ...
... is a biennial or perennial herb with a woody taproot. It often grows in a clump of several stems. Ray ...
Species belonging to the Brassicaceae are mostly annual, biennial, or perennial herbaceous plants, some are dwarf shrubs or ... The monoculture formation of an herb layer carpet by this plant has been shown to dramatically alter forests, making them ... wetter, having fewer and fewer trees, and having more vines such as poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans). The overall herb layer ...
EA-OHP and SOHP began to coordinate biennial conferences schedules such that the organizations' conferences would take place on ... Herbert A. Simon (1916-2001). *David McClelland (1917-1998). *Leon Festinger (1919-1989) ...
Most Apiaceae are annual, biennial or perennial herbs (frequently with the leaves aggregated toward the base), though a ... Many species produce essential oils in their leaves or fruits and as a result are flavourful aromatic herbs. Examples are ... Some of the members of this family considered "herbs" produce scents that are believed to ...mask the odours of nearby plants, ... "The mystery of the lost Roman herb". Retrieved 2018-06-04.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser- ...
Garden parsley is a bright green, biennial plant in temperate climates, or an annual herb in subtropical and tropical areas. ... The two main groups of parsley used as herbs are French, or curly leaf (P. crispum crispum group; syn. P. crispum var. crispum ... In southern and central Europe, parsley is part of bouquet garni, a bundle of fresh herbs used as an ingredient in stocks, ... Where it grows as a biennial, in the first year, it forms a rosette of tripinnate leaves, 10-25 cm (3.9-9.8 in) long, with ...
Herb Garden, Doreen Doreen, The Seers, Pigbag, and The Blue Aeroplanes. More recently a new wave of Bristol-based bands have ... The biennial Wildscreen Festival showcases wildlife filmmaking in the city that is home to the BBC Natural History Unit.[6] ...
A Biennial International Record. 6. New York, NY: Baha'i Publishing Committee. 1937. pp. 381-7.. ... in 1901 American Bahá'ís approached then US Ambassador to Iran Herbert W. Bowen in Paris concerning the situation of Bahá'ís in ...
It is a biennial plant but is usually grown as an annual. Modern varieties typically grow to a height of 15 to 45 ซม. (6 to 18 ... The onion is most frequently a biennial or a perennial plant, but is usually treated as an annual and harvested in its first ... Herbs. *Root vegetables. *Flora of the United States. *Flora of Mexico. *Flora of China ...
biennial Global Financial Stability Report. *Staff Discussion Notes - publication as and when desired ...
Proceedings [of The] Second Biennial Conference, Held at Taiwan Provincial Museum, Taipei, Taiwan. Republic of China, October 6 ... Krieger, Herbert William (1942). Peoples of the Philippines, Issue 4. Volume 3694 of Publication (Smithsonian Institution). ... IAHA Conference (1962). Biennial Conference Proceedings, Issue 1. Philippine Historical Association. Retrieved 24 April 2014.. ...
This article is about botanical herbs. For culinary and other herbs, see Herb. ... Herbaceous perennial and biennial plants may have stems that die at the end of the growing season, but parts of the plant ... Herbaceous plants (in botanical use frequently simply herbs) are plants that have no persistent woody stem above ground.[1] The ... Examples of herbaceous biennials include carrot, parsnip and common ragwort; herbaceous perennials include potato, peony, hosta ...
Sixta, Herbert, ed. (2006). Handbook of pulp. 1. Winheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH. p. 9. ISBN 978-3-527-30997-9. .. ... Plants that are annual in alpine or temperate regions can be biennial or perennial in warmer climates. Among the vascular ... Lai, P.K.; Roy, J.; Roy (June 2004). "Antimicrobial and chemopreventive properties of herbs and spices". Curr. Med. Chem. 11 ( ... Annual plants grow and reproduce within one growing season, biennial plants grow for two growing seasons and usually reproduce ...
... in Ohio Perennial and Biennial Weed Guide, Wooster, OH:Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC), see OARDC ... Herbs, Vitamins, and Minerals, see ACS Pokeweed entry, accessed 2 May 2015. ...
Herbert "Burt" Kwouk OBE (1930-2016) actor, The Pink Panther films,[84] was born in Warrington ... This charity is also responsible for the biennial Warrington Competition for Young Musicians, held at Arley Hall. Regular ...
Fragiska, M (2005), "Wild and Cultivated Vegetables, Herbs and Spices in Greek Antiquity", Environmental Archaeology, 10 (1): ... is an annual or biennial plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family. It has a slightly fetid odor and is commonly ...
Sixta, Herbert, ed. (2006). Handbook of pulp. 1. Winheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH. p. 9. ISBN 978-3-527-30997-9.. ... Plants that are annual in alpine or temperate regions can be biennial or perennial in warmer climates. Among the vascular ... August 2006). "Health benefits of herbs and spices: the past, the present, the future". Med. J. Aust. 185 (4 Suppl): S4-24. ... Lai PK, Roy J; Roy (June 2004). "Antimicrobial and chemopreventive properties of herbs and spices". Curr. Med. Chem. 11 (11): ...
Zenderland, Leila (2001), Measuring Minds: Henry Herbert Goddard and the Origins of American Intelligence Testing, Cambridge ... He was a regular contributor to the newsletters of American Renaissance and spoke at many of their biennial conferences, in ...
In addition to this, the four Academies convene the biennial National Scholarly Communication Forum "to disseminate information ... Richard Herbert SAMUEL*. *Alan George Lewers SHAW. *George Pelham SHIPP*. *Keith Val SINCLAIR ...
... is a genus of biennial plants commonly known as burdock, family Asteraceae.[2] Native to Europe and Asia, several ... Burdock is a traditional medicinal herb used for many ailments. Burdock root oil extract, also called Bur oil, is used in ...
Randall Herbert Balmer (2002). Encyclopedia of evangelicalism. Westminster John Knox Press. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-664-22409-7. ... In attendance at the 1971 biennial meeting of the HCAA in Oak Park, Michigan were twenty-five "Jewish Jesus freaks" from ... Balmer, Randall Herbert (November 2004). "Messianic Judaism". Encyclopedia of evangelicalism (Rev. and expanded ed.). Waco, ...
"PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. 1978 (1): 223-234. doi:10.1086/ ...
Herbert Niehr de la Universitatea din Tübingen declara că evreii au fost politeiști din sec. al X-lea î.e.n. până cel puțin în ... invited lectures delivered at the Sixth Biennial Colloquium of the International Institute for Secular Humanistic Judaism, ... invited lectures delivered at the Sixth Biennial Colloquium of the International Institute for Secular Humanistic Judaism, ...
Plants are a major group of life forms and include familiar organisms such as trees, herbs, shrubs, grasses, vines, ferns, ... The carrot is a biennial plant in the umbellifer family, Apiaceae. At first, it grows a rosette of leaves while building up the ...
Poppies are herbaceous annual, biennial or short-lived perennial plants. Some species are monocarpic, dying after flowering. ... Simon, J.E., Chadwick, A.F. and Craker L.E. (1984) Herbs: An indexed bibliography, 1971-1980: the scientific literature on ... selected herbs, and aromatic and medicinal plants of the Temperate Zone. Elsevier, Amsterdam and New York. ISBN 0444996265 ...
Annual and biennial weeds such as chickweed, annual meadow grass, shepherd's purse, groundsel, fat hen, cleaver, speedwell and ... These include couch grass, bindweed, ground elder, nettles, rosebay willow herb, Japanese knotweed, horsetail and bracken, as ... Perennial weeds also propagate by seeding; the airborne seed of the dandelion and the rose-bay willow herb parachute far and ...
Artemisia biennis Willd. - biennial sagewort, biennial wormwood. *Artemisia bigelovii A.Gray - Bigelow sage, Bigelow sagebrush ... Artemisia arborescens (tree wormwood, or sheeba in Arabic) is an aromatic herb indigenous to the Middle East used in tea, ... The aperitif vermouth (derived from the German word Wermut, "wormwood") is a wine flavored with aromatic herbs, but originally ... Further references in the Bible show wormwood was a common herb known for its bitter taste. (Deuteronomy 29:17, Proverbs 5:4, ...
Hydrocotyle vulgaris - a small, creeping, perennial, aquatic herb native to Europe, North Africa and West Asia. ... Lunaria annua - a herbaceous biennial in the Brassicaceae, grown for its Ashmeen. spring flowering and dried silver seed pod ...
Daucus carota is a biennial plant. In the first year, its rosette of leaves produces large amounts of sugars, which are stored ... Carr, Anna (1998). Rodale's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Herbs. Rodale. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-87596-964-0. .. ... The carrot is a biennial plant in the umbellifer family Apiaceae. At first, it grows a rosette of leaves while building up the ... as well as the herbs rosemary and sage.[39] Carrots thrive in the presence of caraway, coriander, chamomile, marigold and Swan ...
Since 1986, a team of Major League Baseball All-Stars has made a biennial end-of-the-season tour of Japan, playing exhibitions ... Herbert "Buster" North, Yoshio "Sam" Takahashi, and Tadashi "Bozo" Wakabayashi became the first Americans to play in Japan's ...
a b National Research Council Report-in-Brief, Progress Toward Restoring the Everglades: The Fourth Biennial Review 2012, http ... President Herbert Hoover toured the towns affected by the 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane and ordered the Army Corps of Engineers to ... A series of biennial reports from the U.S. National Research Council have reviewed the progress of CERP. The fourth report in ... The most diverse group of plants in the pine community are the herbs, of which there are two dozen species. These plants ...
Biennial herbs from taproots; the juice milky; stems 11.8" to 3.3 (3 to 10 dm) tall ...
Biennial. Growth Habit:. Forb/herb. Native Status:. CAN N. HI I. L48 N. PB I. ...
Biennial. Perennial. Growth Habit:. Forb/herb. Native Status:. L48 N. Data Source and Documentation. ...
Verbascum sinuatum is a yellowish-grey tomentose biennial herb with erect stems branched from the base. The basal leaves 10-40 ...
biennial growth habit forb/herb native range includes Canada. Lower 48 United States of America ...
Duration: Biennial Habit: Herb Fruit: Size Class: 3-6 ft. Bloom Information. Bloom Color: Blue , Purple Bloom Time: Jun , Jul ... Use Medicinal: This plant has been used for many years as a medicinal herb for treating convalescents and people suffering from ... This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs ...
Duration: Biennial Habit: Herb Leaf: Green Fruit: Size Class: 0-1 ft. ...
"Wild Herbs of Turkey". Turkish Cultural Foundation. Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2013-12-16. Kyle ... "Chickory Cichorium intybus". Ohio Perennial & Biennial Weed Guide. Ohio State University OARDC Extension. Retrieved February 25 ... Lord Monboddo describes the plant in 1779 as the "chicoree", which the French cultivated as a pot herb. In Napoleonic Era ...
Thymus vulgaris pungent herb of the mint family (Lamiaceae) known for the aroma and flavour of its dried leaves and flowering ... Thyme (Thymus vulgaris), pungent herb of the mint family (Lamiaceae) known for the aroma and flavour of its dried leaves and ... It is one of the herbs used to flavour Benedictine liqueur and is a characteristic seasoning in the traditional English dish ... Thyme is a pungent perennial herb used fresh or dried to flavor meat, poultry, fish, vegetables, soups, stews, and salads. It ...
... grown as a culinary herb. Its fresh or dried leaves and flowering tops are used to season many foods, imparting... ... Various other aromatic herbs or undershrubs of the genus Origanum are called marjoram. Pot marjoram (O. onites) is also ... Oregano, or wild marjoram (O. vulgare), is a popular culinary herb native to Europe and Asia. ... grown as a culinary herb. Its fresh or dried leaves and flowering tops are used to season many foods, imparting a warm, ...
biennial growth habit forb/herb native range includes Canada. Lower 48 United States of America ... This plant is an annual or biennial from 2-6 tall. Usually, it is unbranched, although sometimes a few side stems will develop ...
It is biennial. Also like dill, borage and lovage. I have one cardamon plant, which ... ... Some herbs can be grown for tea making.. I try new ones every year.. (1) , Quote , Post #494938 (1) ... It is biennial.. Also like dill, borage and lovage.. I have one cardamon plant, which I was hoping would mature and give seeds. ... No garden should be without culinary herbs, as they are a part of nearly everyones diet and yet so easy to grow. This article ...
Biennial,. Herb-subshrub. NYFA-X. USDA-X. NEW ARS Images, wsp. *↑ New York non-native plant invasiveness assessment - Verbena ...
Growing herbs in Arkansas is made easier with our free herb gardening resources. Your local county extension agent has more ... Growing herbs in Arkansas is made easier with our free herb gardening resources. Your local county extension agent has more ... Table 2. Growing Requirements, Propagation and Uses of Biennial and Perennial Herbs ... How many herbs to plant. Deciding how many of each herb youll need, will depend on how much you will use this herb, and how ...
Biennial herbs with rosette to (tall) shrubs; indumentum hispid to sericeous (0); K large, (winged); anthers exserted; pollen ... Biennial to perennial herbs; indumentum hirsute to floccose; faucal invaginations 0, (scales between C lobes); anthers exserted ... Annual herbs to shrubs; (naphthoquinones + [e.g. alkannin, reddish or purple dye]); vestured pits +; corolla often urceolate or ... Boraginaceae are usually herbs that can be recognised by their often spiral leaves the hairs of which have distinctive white ...
Annual to biennial herbs; pyrrolidine alkaloids [hygrine, etc.], distinctive tropane alkaloids +; cork cambium pericyclic; ... Annual herbs; K segments auriculate, C cochlear-plicate, internode between K and C; G [3-5], stigma capitate-lobed; fruit a ... Herbs to shrubs; (withanolides +); A 4, anthers 1(2)-thecate; pollen 3-7 colp/oroid/ate, surface striate to reticulate; style ... Annual herbs to small trees; (thorns +); (short shoots + - Trompettia); flowers large [>3cm long]; C contorted-conduplicate; A ...
Annual or biennial herb; leaves glabrous, ovate to cordate, dark green or reddish, frequently forming a rosette from the ...
Find your favorite herbs such as basil, chives, cilantro, parsley, lavender, mint, oregano, and a huge assortment of Heirloom ... and Organic herbs available at Burpee. View articles & videos from the most trusted name in home gardening. Burpee ... Buy quality herb seeds and plants at Burpee. ... Herbs Seeds and Plants. nothing beats fresh herbs. Get ready ... Container Herbs. Theres no better choice for container planting than flavorful herbs such as basil, rosemary, thyme and ...
Stomach upset can be eliminated if dong quai is combined with other herbs in preparation. The herb may also increase ... It may be biennial or perennial. The bitter-sweet root, described by some herbalists as resembling carved ivory, is used ... This Oriental medicinal herb is sometimes called the empress of herbs, or female ginseng. ... "Use of Herbs in Women Diagnosed with Ovarian Cancer." International Journal of Gynecologic Cancer 12 (March-April 2002): 214- ...
and Pulicaria undulate (L.) C.A. Mey., two compositae herbs growing wild in Iran. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 18:339-341 ... Biennial wormwood (Artemisia biennis Willd.). Weed Technology, 17(3):646-649.. Kegode GO, Ciernia MG, 2005. Biennial wormwood ... A. biennis is an annual or biennial herbaceous plant. Stems are 1-3 m tall (although flowering plants may be as little as a few ... Artemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) control is influenced by plant size and weed flora at time of herbicide application. Crop ...
Annual or biennial wetland herb. Stem erect, without basal leaf rosette, 3-15 cm high. Leaves opposite, glabrous, entire and ... Annual or biennial wetland herb. Stem erect, without basal leaf rosette, 3-15 cm high. Leaves opposite, glabrous, entire and ...
Annual, winter annual or biennial herbs from a taproot; stems 1.6 to 4.9 (5 to 15 dm) tall or more ... The species name, "officinalis", refers to the fact that it was sold as an herb. It has been used in medicine, used in teas to ...
Biennial, perennial herb; caudex branched or not; hairs generally multibranched. Stems 1 several, erect. Leaves: basal 1 5 cm, ... Biennial, perennial herb; base woody or not; hairs 0 to dense, simple, forked, stellate, or multibranched; caudex branched or ...
Biennial, perennial herb; base woody or not; hairs 0 to dense, simple, forked, stellate, or multibranched; caudex branched or ...
A biennial plant with often curly, dark green foliage. Seeds are slow to germinate. Well known and the most popular of all ... Many herbs suffer winter damage in our climate, so some winter protection for perennial herbs is advisable. Many herbs have ... A pH between 6.5 and 7.0 produces the best herbs.. Herbs grow best when soils have adequate organic matter. Most herbs do not ... In addition, some herbs are ornamental (Figure 1).. Figure 1. Thai basil can be used both as a culinary herb and as an ...
Biennial. Propagates by seeds. Time of bloom: June to July. Seed-time: August to September. Range: New England and Middle ... Biennial. Propagates by seeds.. Time of bloom: June to July.. Seed-time: August to September. ... This is said to be the herb which furnished the "Cup of death" given to Socrates in Ancient Athens. The plant is used in ... Conium Maculatum, L. Deadly Hemlock, Spotted Cowbane, Spotted Parsley, Poison Stinkweed, Wode Whistle, Herb of St. ...
AnnualBiennialPerennialWildflowersALL. Fruit and Vegetable Seeds FruitsVegetable SeedsALL ... Herb and Grass Seeds Grass SeedsHerb SeedsHerbaceous PlantsOrnamental GrassMedicinal HerbsALL ...
Gaura biennis L.; Biennial Gaura, Biennial Beeblossom; Old-field along S. Proctor Road, southernend; Rare; C = 3; BSUH 18791. ... Although many species of herbs occur in the field, most are infrequent and found only in localized areas. The few herbs that ... The field along State Road 32 (SR 32), mowed by the City of Muncie once or twice a year, is dominated by grasses and herbs. The ... A = annual, B = biennial, H = herbaceous, P = perennial, W = woody. Native species Exotic species summary summary % of % of ...
Human: Culinary and medicinal herb. No information on negative effects.. Habitat: Prefers shade and moist, rich soil but ... Growth Form / Reproduction: Biennial forb.. Impacts:. Agricultural: Poison hemlock crowds out desirable forage species and can ... Growth Form/Reproduction: Biennial/ Seeds. Impacts:. Agricultural: No information available.. Ecological: Invades and dominates ...
  • Verbascum sinuatum is a yellowish-grey tomentose biennial herb with erect stems branched from the base. (eol.org)
  • Culinary herb Angelica stems can be candied and used as a confection, used in liqueurs and gin, young leaves can be used in salads, dried and used for tea and young stems cooked and used to remove the acidity in rhubarb. (nickys-nursery.co.uk)
  • Herbs are soft-bodied plants and their stems do not contain woody tissues. (hubpages.com)
  • Stems erect, leafy, branched (biennial form) or few-branched (annual form), densely covered with long glandular hairs . (ca.gov)
  • You can grow many herbs from seeds. (missouri.edu)
  • Package contains 3 grams, approximately 1,500 Italian Flat-leaf Parsley Herb Seeds. (hometownseeds.com)
  • Package contains 0.5 grams, approximately 350 Thai Basil Herb Seeds. (hometownseeds.com)
  • Package contains 5 grams, approximately 450 Slow Bolt Cilantro Herb Seeds. (hometownseeds.com)
  • Package contains 1 gram, approximately 1,400 Summer Savory Herb Seeds. (hometownseeds.com)
  • Perennial Package contains 0.05 grams, approximately 100 Peppermint Herb Seeds. (hometownseeds.com)
  • Package contains 0.5 grams, approximately 2,200 Thyme Herb Seeds. (hometownseeds.com)
  • General Sowing information: Herb seeds can be sown from early spring onwards, when the ground has warmed up they can be direct sown. (nickys-nursery.co.uk)
  • We offer a wide variety of Perennial, Annual and Biennial flower seeds. (ebay.com)
  • We also supply herb seeds and seeds in bulk quantities to commercial growers and home gardeners. (ebay.com)
  • Annual herbs may be planted from seeds or plants. (clemson.edu)
  • Seeds of some cold-hardy herbs such as parsley may be sown in the fall. (clemson.edu)
  • Most seed catalogs offer a wide variety of chicory seeds, including those suitable for salads, wild flower meadows, and herb gardens. (beeculture.com)
  • Seeds that mature early in a season typically produce biennial plants. (ca.gov)
  • Some herbs are annuals and others are perennials. (uaex.edu)
  • Many favorite herbs are actually perennials that return season after season. (burpee.com)
  • Herbs can be planted with vegetables or mixed in garden beds with annuals, perennials, shrubs, and trees. (vt.edu)
  • Most herbs are herbaceous annuals or perennials. (clemson.edu)
  • Though they come in over 300 species of annuals, biennials and perennials, we are drawn to the brightly colored tall. (umd.edu)
  • It includes annual flowers, biennials plants, perennials and herbs. (bookpleasures.com)
  • Mustard Family - Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) common peppergrass, elongate peppergrass, hairy-fruited peppergrass, large-fruited peppergrass, prairie peppergrass Lepidium densiflorum is an annual or biennial herb producing a short, erect, branching stem up to about 30 centimeters in height. (wikipedia.org)
  • Coarse, erect biennial or summer annual to 1 m tall. (ca.gov)
  • Herbs biennial, glabrous. (efloras.org)
  • An annual or biennial herb, stem 20-150 cm high, green, glabrous or slightly arachnoid-pubescent. (who.int)
  • Most annual and perennial herbs grow best in six to eight hours of full sun. (vt.edu)
  • Plant perennial herbs in an area that will not be disturbed by tilling. (vt.edu)
  • Most perennial herbs are transplanted from small pots. (clemson.edu)
  • Plant perennial herbs in the fall or early spring, if possible, so that the plants have time to get well established before summer. (clemson.edu)
  • Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, often woody. (tropicos.org)
  • Plants annual, biennial, or perennial herbs (shrubs or trees elsewhere). (tropicos.org)
  • Various other aromatic herbs or undershrubs of the genus Origanum are called marjoram. (britannica.com)
  • A continuous medley of aromatic, fresh herbs are easy to grow and harvest, adding vibrant flavours and texture to any meal. (rhs.org.uk)
  • Our beautiful herb garden has a fascinating array of culinary, medicinal, aromatic, and flowering plants. (twinoaks.org)
  • The word herb has many definitions, but practically speaking, herbs are plants that are grown for their medicinal, aromatic, and/or seasoning uses. (clemson.edu)
  • If you suffer from chronic respiratory issues, such as asthma, chest congestion, chronic bronchitis, or allergies, take comfort in some of the wonderful lung tonic herbs you can grow in your backyard: mullein ( Verbascum thapsus ), horehound ( Marrubium vulgare ), wild cherry ( Prunus serotina ), marshmallow ( Althaea officinalis ), and plantain ( Plantago major ). (motherearthnews.com)
  • Thyme ( Thymus vulgaris ), pungent herb of the mint family ( Lamiaceae ) known for the aroma and flavour of its dried leaves and flowering tops. (britannica.com)
  • A garden favorite for hundreds of years, thyme is a perennial herb. (britannica.com)
  • There's no better choice for container planting than flavorful herbs such as basil, rosemary, thyme and parsley. (burpee.com)
  • Cuttings of some herbs such as bay, marjoram, mint, rosemary, sage, tarragon and thyme can be taken from late summer to early autumn. (rhs.org.uk)
  • Divide hardy herbs such as sweet marjoram, oregano, mint and thyme in spring or after flowering in late summer. (rhs.org.uk)
  • Thyme is a hardy perennial herb originating in the Mediterranean. (hometownseeds.com)
  • Other lung herbs include elecampane ( Inula helenium ), thyme ( Thymus vulgaris ), peppermint ( Mentha x piperita ), Korean mint ( Agastache rugosa ), bee balm ( Monarda spp. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Horehound thrives in dry, sunny spots near Mediterranean herbs, such as lavender ( Lavandula angustifolia ) and thyme. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Basil, sage, winter savory, parsley, chives, and varieties of oregano and thyme are some of the best herbs for growing in containers. (clemson.edu)
  • In a botanical sense, an herb is a plant that does not produce a woody stem and dies back to the ground each winter to a perennial root system. (missouri.edu)
  • Most botanists would define an herb as a plant that dies back to the ground each year without forming woody stem tissue. (vt.edu)
  • The annual version's stem is usually low and almost unbranched while the overwintering biennial version can grow to knee-height and is often very branched. (luontoportti.com)
  • A biennial herb with a spindle-shaped taproot and branched, furrowed stem. (which.net)
  • Biennial seedlings require a cold moist period to induce stem elongation and flowering. (ca.gov)
  • Herbs, native plants, & reference desk QA. (uaex.edu)
  • Whether you grow herbs for cooking, healing, fragrance, crafts or garden display, they are one of the easiest plants to grow. (burpee.com)
  • In the garden sense, herbs are plants that serve as a major source of seasonings in food preparation. (missouri.edu)
  • In an even broader sense, herbs include plants that are also useful for scents in cosmetics or for medicinal purposes. (missouri.edu)
  • The oils, which account for the herbs' flavor, are produced in the greatest quantity when plants receive six to eight hours of full sunlight each day. (missouri.edu)
  • If you do not have suitable conditions for raising your own herbs, many mail order suppliers and garden centres offer a range of young plants or plugs. (rhs.org.uk)
  • If you're thinking of starting an herb garden or already have one, you've probably discovered that dozens of different plants are available. (ehow.com)
  • This definition limits the number of plants technically called herbs. (vt.edu)
  • Although many of the herbs will live in poor ground, for the healthiest plants and best harvest, they need good soil to thrive. (vt.edu)
  • But although the use of this herb and its relatives has been interwoven into the -tapestry of many cultures for millennia, few herb gardeners in North America know and grow these imposing plants. (motherearthliving.com)
  • The fragrance oils, which account for herb flavors, are produced in the greatest quantity when plants receive plenty of sun. (clemson.edu)
  • Biennial plants whose life span is two years or less. (hubpages.com)
  • Herbs and herbaceous plants are soft bodied plants. (hubpages.com)
  • Annual plants often have paler flowers and bloom later than biennials. (ca.gov)
  • Dill (Anethum graveolens) is another herb plant that has compound leaves, but these are made up of extra-fine, threadlike leaflets that are a distinct, blue-green color. (ehow.com)
  • Cool season herbs such as cilantro, dill, anise, and parsley need to be planted in the spring or fall. (vt.edu)
  • It is more reliable that the species is native to North America and it was first discovered in a rubbish dump in Turku, Finland, in the early 20th century, but its distribution has expanded and it was consider a poisonous herb to invade many states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biennial bee-blossom is native to eastern North America, but it is considered introduced in New England, where it inhabits fields, roadsides and railroads in Connecticut, Massachusetts and Vermont. (newenglandwild.org)
  • Native from Europe to western North America, it is a clump-forming, shrubby perennial herb that's sun-loving and quite easy to grow. (learn2grow.com)
  • Introduced into Eastern North America from Eurasia as a medicinal herb. (ca.gov)
  • is another example of an herb whose leaves stand out because of their shape and color. (ehow.com)
  • When an herb plant has leaves made up of a single blade, these are called simple, while those with compound leaves have leaves composed of several blades, or leaflets. (ehow.com)
  • For example, the herb German chamomile (Matricaria recutita), which grows as an annual in all parts of the United States, has compound, double pinnate leaves with a delicate, fernlike appearance and white, daisylike flowers. (ehow.com)
  • Certain herb leaves have texture that makes them distinctive and helps in plant identification. (ehow.com)
  • Some herbs have one-of-a-kind leaves that give the plant a unique, easy-to-remember appearance. (ehow.com)
  • The chive plant (Allium schoenoprasum) is another herb with unusual, highly distinctive leaves that make the plant immediately recognizable. (ehow.com)
  • it's just a clump of triply divided leaves about 40 inches long growing from a sturdy root (the herb is also known as wild parsnip). (motherearthliving.com)
  • Herbs with gray leaves, or those that are sensitive to excessive moisture and humidity, can benefit from a 1- to 2-inch mulch of pea gravel or other stones. (clemson.edu)
  • Celery Leaf - Apium graveolens is a biennial that has very nutritious celery flavoured leaves. (norfolkherbs.co.uk)
  • A. biennis is an annual or biennial herbaceous plant. (cabi.org)
  • Most herbs need a sunny location, and only a few, including angelica, woodruff and sweet cicely, are better grown in partial shade. (missouri.edu)
  • Prune or harvest herbs regularly to promote vigorous, well-shaped, and sturdy growth. (clemson.edu)
  • Fall is the best time to harvest medicinal roots, some berries, flowers, and cold weather herbs that we miss once the heat of summer comes in. (theherbalacademy.com)
  • When harvesting roots, we generally harvest a biennial or a perennial plant, and we effectively end this plant's life cycle. (theherbalacademy.com)
  • A perennial herb in warmer climates, harvest the first or second year root for medicine. (theherbalacademy.com)
  • Sow seed of herbs such as basil, chives and parsley under glass with or without heat from January to early April. (rhs.org.uk)
  • A few herbs, such as parsley and mint prefer partial shade. (clemson.edu)
  • 8. Parsley - This herb promotes energy and improves blood circulation. (infowars.com)
  • Dried parsley is included with Herbs (Group 19). (tamu.edu)
  • Marjoram ( Origanum majorana ), also called sweet marjoram , perennial plant of the mint family ( Lamiaceae ), grown as a culinary herb. (britannica.com)
  • Some herbs can be grown for tea making. (garden.org)
  • However, we now have a more popular (and now quite accepted) connotation of herb as any plant grown for flavoring or medicinal purposes. (csmonitor.com)
  • Lunaria annua - a herbaceous biennial in the Brassicaceae , grown for its Ashmeen. (wikipedia.org)
  • All of the commonly used culinary herbs can easily be grown in traditional herb or vegetable gardens, raised beds, containers or the mixed border. (rhs.org.uk)
  • Most herbs can be grown successfully with a minimum of effort. (vt.edu)
  • The European species A. archangelica, with which western herb gardeners are most familiar, apparently originated in the mountains of Scandinavia and in Greenland, the Baltic coast, and Siberia, and was grown as a medicinal plant in European convent and monastery gardens during the Middle Ages. (motherearthliving.com)
  • Some herbs may be grown in containers and brought inside in winter to provide fresh herbs all year. (clemson.edu)
  • Herbs grown inside will need plenty of sunlight from a south- or west-facing window. (clemson.edu)
  • Hardy to zone three, the common chicory is sometimes grown in herb gardens, wildflower meadows, and Biblical gardens. (beeculture.com)
  • Old fashioned and pretty, borage is an easy-to-grow herb grown for its edible and attractive starry blue flowers that taste like cucumber. (learn2grow.com)
  • Space 3-4" apart, 18-24" between rows Cilantro, also known as coriander, is a popular herb that is used in many types of cuisine due to its very distinctive flavor. (hometownseeds.com)
  • Cilantro is included in the Herbs section (Crop Group 19) with coriander. (tamu.edu)
  • A fast-growing annual from the eastern Mediterranean, cilantro (or coriander) is used as both an herb and spice. (learn2grow.com)
  • Cilantro / coriander is an annual or biennial herb native to Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean. (learn2grow.com)
  • This plant is an annual or biennial from 2-6' tall. (eol.org)
  • As a bonus, this tall flowering herb will bring subtle beauty to your garden. (motherearthnews.com)
  • Arctium lappa (Greater Burdock) is a species of biennial herb in the family Asteraceae . (eol.org)
  • This species is a member of the verbena family (family Verbenaceae), which includes about 75 genera and 3,000 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees, mostly of tropical and warm temperate regions. (wildflower.org)
  • The species name, " officinalis ", refers to the fact that it was sold as an herb. (nps.gov)
  • This species is biennial. (vplants.org)
  • Mullein grows as a biennial in USDA zones 3 through 9. (ehow.com)
  • Houndstongue is a biennial, poisonous herb that is native to Eurasia. (ndsu.edu)
  • No garden should be without culinary herbs, as they are a part of nearly everyone's diet and yet so easy to grow. (garden.org)
  • Plant flowering bulbs , biennial and perennial flowers , and vegetables that bear crops below ground during the dark, or waning, of the Moon: from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again. (almanac.com)
  • Korean angelica ( A. gigas ) is another biennial or --short-lived perennial which is -gaining popularity in this country as an ornamental. (motherearthliving.com)
  • Long prized in Mexico as an herb and medicinal plant, this weedy annual or short-lived perennial from tropical America is naturalized worldwide from the tropics to the temperate zones. (learn2grow.com)
  • Oregano , or wild marjoram ( O. vulgare ), is a popular culinary herb native to Europe and Asia. (britannica.com)
  • Hydrocotyle vulgaris - a small, creeping, perennial, aquatic herb native to Europe, North Africa and West Asia . (wikipedia.org)
  • V. thapsus is a biennial herb native to Europe, north Africa and western and central Asia. (cabi.org)
  • They are native to central Asia and were used as medicinal herbs in Afghanistan before their introduction to Europe in medieval times. (thecanadianencyclopedia.com)
  • It is a biennial native to Turkestan that is hardy from Zones 4 to 7. (parkseed.com)
  • Black henbane and prickly comfrey are native to Europe, and were likely introduced to the United States as medicinal herbs. (ca.gov)
  • This breath-freshening herb is widely used as a garnish and flavoring in soups, salads and main dishes. (seedsofchange.com)
  • Dong quai is one of the most extensively researched Chinese medicinal herbs. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Dong quai has been used in China for thousands of years to treat ailments of the female reproductive system and as a tonic herb to treat fatigue , mild anemia , high blood pressure and poor circulation in both men and women. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Chinese herbalists prepare dong quai in combination with other herbs, including astragalus ( Astragalus membranaceus ) as a fatigue tonic, mugwort ( Artemesia vulgaris ), bai shao (white peony), chai hu (bupleurum root),and rou gui ( cinnamon bark ) in medicinal formulas for women. (encyclopedia.com)
  • However, other research has shown that dong quai, when used in combination with other herbs, resulted in a reduction of the severity of hot flashes , vaginal dryness, insomnia , and mood changes. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 9. Dong Quai - This Chinese herb can help to restore hormonal balance in the body and improves menstruation. (infowars.com)
  • Get ready for the surprising taste difference when you use our flavorful, fresh herbs from your home garden. (burpee.com)
  • Now, however, with an increase in the popularity of ethnic foods, combined with a realization that fresh herbs have more distinctive tastes than some dried herbs, more gardeners are growing at least a few herbs for fresh use, drying or freezing. (missouri.edu)
  • To tincture: I enjoy tincturing fresh herbs generally more than dry. (theherbalacademy.com)
  • Sage, Clary - Salvia sclarea is also called Perennial Clary, although best considered a biennial. (norfolkherbs.co.uk)
  • This plant has been used for many years as a medicinal herb for treating convalescents and people suffering from depression, headaches, jaundice, cramps, coughs and fevers. (wildflower.org)
  • This Oriental medicinal herb is sometimes called the empress of herbs, or female ginseng. (encyclopedia.com)
  • They are a very useful medicinal herb too. (growsonyou.com)
  • Medicinal herb. (beansandherbs.co.uk)
  • A European perennial herb (Alkanna tinctoria) having cymes of blue flowers and red roots. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This article explores my current list of top 10 herbs that every gardener needs to grow, as well as many of their uses. (garden.org)
  • Grow the freshest herbs right on your deck, porch or patio! (burpee.com)
  • Anyone can grow fresh gourmet garden herbs- see how easy it is. (burpee.com)
  • It's the most popular garden herb, easy to grow, and comes in an incredible selection of colors and flavors. (burpee.com)
  • Most herbs are easy to grow, but you must select the proper location to grow them. (missouri.edu)
  • Herbs will grow in any good garden soil. (missouri.edu)
  • Herbs grow best when soils have adequate organic matter. (missouri.edu)
  • None of the important herbs grow in wet soils, but a few, such as mint, angelica and lovage, thrive in fairly moist soils. (missouri.edu)
  • Build raised beds or install underground drainage tiles to grow herbs successfully. (missouri.edu)
  • Herbs grow best with full sun and light, well-drained, moisture-retentive, fertile soil with plenty of organic matter incorporated. (rhs.org.uk)
  • Herb gardening is also on the rise in recent years as more people grow herbs for fresh use, drying, or freezing. (vt.edu)
  • Most herbs are easy to grow. (clemson.edu)
  • Almost all herbs grow best in an area that is sunny for at least six hours each day. (clemson.edu)
  • Very few herbs will grow in wet soils, although a few such as mints and lemon-grass thrive in moist soil. (clemson.edu)
  • The mustards are annual or biennial herbs that grow from 1 to 3 m in height. (drugs.com)
  • Thai basil can be used both as a culinary herb and as an ornamental. (missouri.edu)