Bicycling: The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).Head Protective Devices: Personal devices for protection of heads from impact, penetration from falling and flying objects, and from limited electric shock and burn.Craniocerebral Trauma: Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.Accident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Environment Design: The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Sports: Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.Theft: Unlawful act of taking property.Protective Devices: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.Exercise Tolerance: The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.Rest: Freedom from activity.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Off-Road Motor Vehicles: Motorized, recreational vehicles used on non-public roads. They include all-terrain vehicles, dirt-bikes, minibikes, motorbikes, trailbikes, and snowmobiles. Excludes MOTORCYCLES, which are considered public road vehicles.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Supine Position: The posture of an individual lying face up.Renewable Energy: Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Cardiac Output: The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).Strikes, Employee: Work-related situations in which the employees as a group refuse to work until certain conditions of employment are granted by the employer.Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Hemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Public Facilities: An area of recreation or hygiene for use by the public.Physical Endurance: The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.Ergometry: Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.Pulmonary Gas Exchange: The exchange of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood that occurs across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.Motorcycles: Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Angina Pectoris: The symptom of paroxysmal pain consequent to MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA usually of distinctive character, location and radiation. It is thought to be provoked by a transient stressful situation during which the oxygen requirements of the MYOCARDIUM exceed that supplied by the CORONARY CIRCULATION.AccidentsRespiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Exercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Lactates: Salts or esters of LACTIC ACID containing the general formula CH3CHOHCOOR.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Stroke Volume: The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.Lactic Acid: A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. The concentrated form is used internally to prevent gastrointestinal fermentation. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Anaerobic Threshold: The oxygen consumption level above which aerobic energy production is supplemented by anaerobic mechanisms during exercise, resulting in a sustained increase in lactate concentration and metabolic acidosis. The anaerobic threshold is affected by factors that modify oxygen delivery to the tissues; it is low in patients with heart disease. Methods of measurement include direct measure of lactate concentration, direct measurement of bicarbonate concentration, and gas exchange measurements.Echocardiography, Stress: A method of recording heart motion and internal structures by combining ultrasonic imaging with exercise testing (EXERCISE TEST) or pharmacologic stress.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Injury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Echocardiography, Doppler: Measurement of intracardiac blood flow using an M-mode and/or two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram while simultaneously recording the spectrum of the audible Doppler signal (e.g., velocity, direction, amplitude, intensity, timing) reflected from the moving column of red blood cells.Cities: A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.Walking: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.Seat Belts: Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.Schools: Educational institutions.BelgiumPropranolol: A widely used non-cardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist. Propranolol has been used for MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; ARRHYTHMIA; ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; HYPERTHYROIDISM; MIGRAINE; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; and ANXIETY but adverse effects instigate replacement by newer drugs.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Radionuclide Angiography: The measurement of visualization by radiation of any organ after a radionuclide has been injected into its blood supply. It is used to diagnose heart, liver, lung, and other diseases and to measure the function of those organs, except renography, for which RADIOISOTOPE RENOGRAPHY is available.Queensland: A state in northeastern Australia. Its capital is Brisbane. Its coast was first visited by Captain Cook in 1770 and its first settlement (penal) was located on Moreton Bay in 1824. The name Cooksland was first proposed but honor to Queen Victoria prevailed. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p996 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p441)Gated Blood-Pool Imaging: Radionuclide ventriculography where scintigraphic data is acquired during repeated cardiac cycles at specific times in the cycle, using an electrocardiographic synchronizer or gating device. Analysis of right ventricular function is difficult with this technique; that is best evaluated by first-pass ventriculography (VENTRICULOGRAPHY, FIRST-PASS).Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Ventricular Function, Left: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.Adrenergic beta-Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.MarylandHeart Function Tests: Examinations used to diagnose and treat heart conditions.Pindolol: A moderately lipophilic beta blocker (ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS). It is non-cardioselective and has intrinsic sympathomimetic actions, but little membrane-stabilizing activity. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmocopoeia, 30th ed, p638)Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.WashingtonPosture: The position or attitude of the body.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Vascular Resistance: The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.Metoprolol: A selective adrenergic beta-1 blocking agent that is commonly used to treat ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS.Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Cardiac Output, Low: A state of subnormal or depressed cardiac output at rest or during stress. It is a characteristic of CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, including congenital, valvular, rheumatic, hypertensive, coronary, and cardiomyopathic. The serious form of low cardiac output is characterized by marked reduction in STROKE VOLUME, and systemic vasoconstriction resulting in cold, pale, and sometimes cyanotic extremities.Atenolol: A cardioselective beta-1 adrenergic blocker possessing properties and potency similar to PROPRANOLOL, but without a negative inotropic effect.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Systole: Period of contraction of the HEART, especially of the HEART VENTRICLES.New Zealand: A group of islands in the southwest Pacific. Its capital is Wellington. It was discovered by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1642 and circumnavigated by Cook in 1769. Colonized in 1840 by the New Zealand Company, it became a British crown colony in 1840 until 1907 when colonial status was terminated. New Zealand is a partly anglicized form of the original Dutch name Nieuw Zeeland, new sea land, possibly with reference to the Dutch province of Zeeland. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p842 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p378)Dyspnea: Difficult or labored breathing.Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.FloridaEquipment Safety: Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Catecholamines: A general class of ortho-dihydroxyphenylalkylamines derived from tyrosine.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Altitude: A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Pulmonary Wedge Pressure: The blood pressure as recorded after wedging a CATHETER in a small PULMONARY ARTERY; believed to reflect the PRESSURE in the pulmonary CAPILLARIES.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Coronary Circulation: The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.GlycogenReproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Propanolamines: AMINO ALCOHOLS containing the propanolamine (NH2CH2CHOHCH2) group and its derivatives.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.United StatesNorepinephrine: Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.Lung Diseases, Obstructive: Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.Sampling Studies: Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Heart Ventricles: The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cardiac Catheterization: Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Epinephrine: The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Myocardial Ischemia: A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).Diastole: Post-systolic relaxation of the HEART, especially the HEART VENTRICLES.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Respiratory Function Tests: Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Body Temperature: The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.SwedenAnalysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Forearm: Part of the arm in humans and primates extending from the ELBOW to the WRIST.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Fatty Acids, Nonesterified: FATTY ACIDS found in the plasma that are complexed with SERUM ALBUMIN for transport. These fatty acids are not in glycerol ester form.Coronary Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Myocardial Contraction: Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.Ventricular Dysfunction, Left: A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Arrhythmias, Cardiac: Any disturbances of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified by the abnormalities in HEART RATE, disorders of electrical impulse generation, or impulse conduction.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Coronary Artery Disease: Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Vasodilation: The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
Bicycles may be carried. Since 2006 the Moor Express has run to Bremen Hauptbahnhof ("Bremen Central Station"). The Moor ... Infotrail have provided an audio guide. Passengers are able to hear information, interviews and the history of the line and the ...
Bicycles are used for transportation. The community will also have a location with access to the Internet and a telephone in ... A solar ammonia loop system now being used in various countries throughout the world will provide refrigeration. The system ...
The panicky men seized the bikes and beat an even faster retreat. The stormtrooper tactics provided mobility, but not increased ... White bread used imported flour and became unavailable, but there was enough rye or rye-potato flour to provide a minimal diet ... Laws protecting women in the workplace were relaxed, and factories set up canteens to provide food for their workers, lest ... In one instance an easy-going Allied regiment broke and fled; reinforcements rushed in on bicycles. ...
On the high-level platforms (1 and 2), Northern provide two trains per hour in each direction on the City Line between ... Storage facilities for 65 bicycles. A café and adjacent passenger lounge with wifi. The station has been designed to use ... During the summer months, a shuttle bus provides a link to the National Trust's property at Speke Hall, running weekends and ... Some of the building's electricity is provided by Photovoltaic cells. A 700,000 litre rainwater harvesting system has also been ...
Bike Master Plan, City of Colorado Springs, retrieved February 26, 2019. *^ Colorado Springs terminating disputed bike lane ... Freight service is provided by Union Pacific and BNSF. Currently there is no intercity passenger service. The city last had ... Bicycling ranked Colorado Springs the 28th best US city for bicycling.[185] Bike lanes in Colorado Springs have not been ... Bicycling[edit]. A 20-kilometer upright bike race during the inaugural Warrior Games at the Olympic Training Center in Colorado ...
"Bike Patrol". Bartlett Police Department Official Website. Retrieved 10 February 2016. "Honor Guard". Bartlett Police ... The Patrol division is responsible for providing patrol coverage 24 hours per day. The division also conducts preliminary ... the Bike Patrol; the Honor Guard; the Reserve Unit and the S.W.A.T. team. The Investigative Services Division is responsible ...
See bicycle gearing.) A cam and follower is formed by the direct contact of two specially shaped links. The driving link is ... A planetary gear train provides high gear reduction in a compact package. It is possible to design gear teeth for gears that ... Kinematic pairs, or joints, are considered to provide ideal constraints between two links, such as the constraint of a single ... The implementation of the involute tooth yielded a standard gear design that provides a constant speed ratio. Some important ...
"Bicycle Response Units". Ambulance Victoria. Archived from the original on 5 March 2015. "Bicycle Response Unit". Metropolitan ... provide specialised transport facilities to move people requiring emergency medical treatment; provide services for which ... Ambulance Victoria provides emergency medical response to more than 5.9 million people in an area of more than 227,000 square ... Over the years services were provided by St John Ambulance, Civil Ambulance Service and a multitude of local area ambulance ...
Springs provides forces that can either hold components of a machine in place or acts as a suspension to support part of a ... See bicycle gearing. A cam and follower is formed by the direct contact of two specially shaped links. The driving link is ... A jet engine uses a turbine to compress air which is burned with fuel so that it expands through a nozzle to provide thrust to ... A planetary gear train provides high gear reduction in a compact package. It is possible to design gear teeth for gears that ...
See bicycle gearing. Gear teeth are designed so the number of teeth on a gear is proportional to the radius of its pitch circle ... The intermediate gear provides spacing but does not affect the gear ratio. For this reason it is called an idler gear. The same ... A planetary gear train provides high gear reduction in a compact package. It is possible to design gear teeth for gears that ... Gear teeth are designed to ensure the pitch circles of engaging gears roll on each other without slipping, providing a smooth ...
"Go Mobile with Transit App , Bike Share Toronto". Bike Share Toronto. Retrieved 2017-03-08. ... "Transit app begins crowdsourcing data to provide accurate, real-time info". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-03-08. "Transit - ... The service is also compatible with multiple bike share systems, as well as Uber and Car2Go. Transit is in direct competition ...
Modern bicycles look much the same nowadays. Divergent problems are ones which do not converge on a single solution. A classic ... In contrast, he argues that appreciating the different levels of being provides a simple but clear morality. The traditional ... An example of this has been the development of the bicycle. Early attempts at developing human-powered vehicles included three ... Seeking self-knowledge via both fields provides more balanced and accurate self-knowledge. Field four is the behaviourist study ...
The Boost library provides its own syntax for lambda functions as well, using the following syntax: for_each(a.begin(), a.end ... Consider sorting a list of strings by length of the string: >>> a = ['house', 'car', 'bike'] >>> a.sort(key=lambda x: len(x ... Most languages provide a generic sort function that implements a sort algorithm that will sort arbitrary objects. This function ... Combined with implicit typing, VB provides an economical syntax for anonymous functions. As with Python, in VB.NET, anonymous ...
Relay provides bike share. "Developers break ground on yet another project near Historic Fourth Ward Park," Creative Loafing, ... Two of the city's iconic walking and biking trails intersect in the neighborhood: BeltLine Eastside Trail Freedom Parkway park ... 42 (18). http://commuting.blog.ajc.com/2016/06/08/atlantas-bike-share-program-begins-thursday/ Bedford Pine Neighborhood ...
The bike path and rail trail has been extended along the SLS&E line west through Ballard, and extending east from Jerry Wilmot ... So valuable was the real estate supposed to be, that no extra width of right-of-way was provided at stations north of Sedro- ... Though source page provides no references. (1) MacIntosh (2) Speidel (1) 1889 Washington Map, Ruffner Armbruster p. 139 (1) ... The worst feature, however, was the clause which provided that the track would be ballasted with adjacent material, instead of ...
Cycling: Bicycles must keep to roadways. Bicycle helmets are mandatory in British Columbia. Bicycles must keep to roadways. ... "This small park provides the only easy access to public camping along the south arm of Kootenay Lake. An 18 site campground and ... Drinking Water: Hand pump wells provide water. To ensure water is safe for drinking, all water must be boiled for at least 5 ... Bicycle helmets are mandatory in British Columbia. Fishing: There are fishing opportunities in Kootenay Lake especially for ...
Mechanics change wheels or bicycles for any rider. Mavic has never made complete bikes so the service frames are provided by an ... The company is noted as a manufacturer of bicycle wheels. Mavic is based in Annecy, France. Since the 1970s, the company has ... The R-Sys has tubular carbon fiber spokes that work in tension (like a traditional bicycle wheel) and compression (like a wagon ... Since 1973 the company has provided technical service to races. Yellow cars and motorcycles follow the race with wheels and ...
and scores the BIKE bonus (50,000). B and I light the right orbit, and K or E lights the left. Hitting a LIT orbit lets the ... This awards Speed trap ("He's gettin away!"), provided it did not land in from a weak plunge, a random mystery value. This can ... The inlanes and outlanes spell B-I-K-E. Lighting BIKE (lane change works here too) spots a city ("Harley spotted in "), ... that's a nice bike. Now go on. Git!") a traffic ticket (lose 10,000 points) or advance city. Speed bonus, traffic ticker, and ...
Regional service is provided by San Joaquin RTD. The buses are all capable of taking wheelchaired passengers; there are also ... bike racks. Manteca Transit Routes and Schedules (in English)Manteca Transit Official website (in Spanish)Manteca Transit ...
Large-flange hubs provide no functional advantage and have the disadvantage of added weight. Aggressively ridden tandem bicycle ... Older or less costly utility bicycles often use 3-speed gear-hubs, such as in bicycle sharing systems. Many folding bicycles ... Bicycle drivetrain systems Bicycle gearing Comparison of hub gears Gear inches Gearbox bicycle Outline of cycling Sheldon Brown ... where a multiple front chainset could foul the bike's folding mechanism), in recumbent bicycles, and freight bicycles (where ...
Anticipation Target: Take my bike. Error: Bake my bike. Perseveration Target: He pulled a tantrum. Error: He pulled a pantrum. ... Performance errors may provide the linguist with empirical evidence for linguistic theories and serve to test hypotheses about ... Speech errors provide investigators with insights into the sequential order of language production processes. Speech errors ... The existence of lexical or phonemic exchange errors provides evidence that speakers typically engage in forward planning their ...
GET buses contain bike racks on the front of their buses and Amtrak has bike racks on the trains. In recent years, several ... Regional service is provided by the San Joaquin Valley Railroad, which was purchased by Rail America. It provides service ... Bakersfield contains two bike trails. The primary trail (and the longest) is the Kern River Bike Trail. It is located in the ... In addition, Taft Area Transit (TAT) provides regional service between Maricopa and Taft. It also provides local service ...
Neighborhood Bike Works: Donates bicycles and helmets to local kids. Offers training in bicycle repair. Philadelphia Elwyn: ... American Law Institute: Provides Restatements of the Law. Dechert: Large Philadelphia law firm Public (School District of ... With its compact development and high proportion of students, many people can and do walk and bicycle around, to, and from ... non-profit organization created by the University of Pennsylvania and other local institutions in 1997 in an effort to provide ...
Bicycles are also used for patrol and special events. Sheriff's deputies also provide D.A.R.E. instruction to several school ... The Police Division provides primary uniform police services by deputy sheriffs to ten towns and three villages within the ... The Civil Division provides service of civil process, New York State Pistol License processing, and sheriffs' office records ... The Sheriff's Office provides Enhanced 911 and Wireless 911 service to the County through a single Public Safety Answering ...
Razor branded bicycles are provided by Kent under license. All the following are Freestyle bikes except as noted. 12" Rumble 16 ... http://www.kent.bike/bikes/razor/ http://www.kentinternational.com/bikeacc_razor.html Official website Official RipStik ... and helmets are provided by Kent under license. Razor USA LLC Company Profile - Yahoo! Finance http://www.razor.com/us/ Folding ...
Their food was brought to them and provided through the only shop that remained open in the country.[309] Pol Pot saw the Khmer ... that manufacturing should focus on the production of basic agricultural machinery and light industrial goods such as bicycles.[ ... providing goods imported from Vietnam.[176] Wealthier peasants had their land redistributed so that by the end of 1972, all ... Sâr trekked to Hanoi to persuade the North Vietnamese government to provide direct military assistance. They refused, urging ...
Also on many bikes the front fender is needed to provide stability to the forks. But being cool is better than having a safe ... Brakes - Other than most dirt bikes and the smallest economy beginner bikes, most bikes built these days have two front disc ... What a piece of crock! They dont want me riding a bike that has massive acceleration to get out of someones way, a bike that ... but they also make adventure bikes and sport touring bikes. Those two classifications generally get good insurance rates, ...
... but Provides Innovative Financing Options. Senate Bill Inadequately Funds Walking, Biking, but Provides Innovative Financing ... www.railstotrails.org/trailblog/2015/june/23/senate-bill-inadequately-funds-walking-biking-but-provides-innovative-financing- ... Four Bills Introduced in Congress Could Mean $2 Billion Annually for Trails, Walking and Biking Connectivity Evolution: ... the biggest source of funding for walking and biking-for the next six years at a level wholly inadequate to meet burgeoning ...
See more of Angkor Wat archaeological site in less time on a bike tour - USD 45.00 ... Book tickets for Angkor Temples Bike Tour from Siem Reap, Siem Reap. ... Angkor Temples Bike Tour from Siem Reap provided by Grasshopper Adventures. *Asia ... The bike tour covers the short circuit. Total cycling would be about 40 kms during the day, from their office & back. The tour ...
I submit to the mocking: I do use MTB shoes and clips on my road bike, and I did once buy (with American $) a Rapha jersey. ... as a nation of cyclists it is probably also important that we have a generic cheaply made bike with national branded paint job ... I clicked on the photo sight you provided ... I am either getting really old or too many children have been left way behind and ... cameron the pabst misson bike is awesome, im going to have to do mine in high res way to step it up ...
A new University of Colorado Boulder study shows that using an electrically-powered bicycle on a regular basis can provide ... Provided by University of Colorado at Boulder Citation: Electric assist bikes provide meaningful exercise, cardiovascular ... Data from the research was provided to the city to assist with the decision on whether or not to allow pedelecs on bike paths. ... Pedelec bicycles are designed to provide motorized assistance up to speeds of 20 miles per hour. Above that speed, riders must ...
36 were conventional pedal cyclists and 38 were participants using an e-bike (a bike fitted with an electric motor to provide ... The researchers suggest that the additional benefits that e-bikes provide to older users have an effect beyond increasing ... Both pedal cycles and e-bikes can enable increased physical activity and engagement with the outdoor environment with e-bikes ... Older cyclists who use electric bicycles may be getting the same brain benefits as those on standard bikes. ...
Ha! Perhaps the title of my next blog post should be "Bicycle botany bug bites Biking Bis!" Skunk cabbage really is a nice ... Skunk cabbage provides a strong whiff of spring for bicyclists *By Gene Bisbee in Main Page ... On Saturdays Opening Day for Trails, I joined a host of cyclists out for a sunny bike ride along the Centennial Trail. This ... Skunk cabbage is blooming every where right now; I saw some in boggy areas along the mountain bike trails at St. Edwards State ...
New Campaign Will Provide Free Bikes and Training to Teach Every Child to Bike PR Newswire RAPID CITY, S.D., Nov. 8, 2018 RAPID ... New Campaign Will Provide Free Bikes and Training to Teach Every Child to Bike. All Kids Bike. Posted on: 08 Nov 18 ... New Campaign Will Provide Free Bikes and Training to Teach Every Child to Bike PR Newswire ... The benefits of biking, especially for children, are well documented. Bicycling provides a tremendous cardiovascular workout, ...
Book tickets for Full Day Mountain Bike Tour to Death Road from La Paz, La Paz. Roundtrip transport to Death Road from La Paz ... Full Day Mountain Bike Tour to Death Road from La Paz provided by Vertigo Biking Bolivia. *South America ... Great downhill bike tour. We loved the bike tour and our guides (Cesar, Marko and especially Will) The downhill ride was split ... Full Day Mountain Bike Tour to Death Road from La Paz By: Vertigo Biking Bolivia ...
The Aramus Elite features a perforated AX suede palm,an adjustable TPR strap for a secure fit and lightweight breathable mesh to keep your hands comfortable while you ride ...
A timeless look with high-performance glove features to keep your hands comfortable on long rides. The Aramus Classic features an adjustable leather strap for a secure fit, a breathable design combined with gel padding for cushioning and is made from genuine sheep skin leather ...
Wednesday, September 8, 2010: When World Bicycle Relief provided bicycles to students in rural Zambia, enrollment increased ... CNNs Inside Africa: World Bicycle Relief Provides a Lifeline in Rural Zambia. ... Many students able to attend because of the bikes were girls, who were able to do their morning chores and get to school safely ...
Tour description provided by Viator. Discover Montreals essence and more… On the menu : history, architecture , neighbourhood ... book this half-day bike tour and receive free bike hire for the rest of the day. ... Montreal Architecture, City, Food and Drink 4-Hour Bike Tour. Day Trips & Excursions. in Old Montréal ... bike ride. Pedal along the Saint-Lawrence River and enjoy the views from the water. Discover Montreals unique architectural ...
Tour description provided by G Adventures. Theres so much to discover in the Land of the Rising Sun. So weve taken our ... bike the famous Shimanami Kaido route, and kayak around the famed floating torii gate in the Bay of Miyajima. With a refreshing ...
We will provide customized instruction on beginning bike skills and how to ride a bike. Open to adults or kids aged 5 and up. ... We will provide customized instruction on beginning bike skills and how to ride a bike. Open to adults or kids aged 5 and up. ... Bike pump - A portable bike pump that is attached to the bike. ... Provided by REI:. * Bike Helmet * Bike Tools - Items necessary ... Bikes and helmets can be provided, if requested during registration.. *Learn balance, braking, steering, stopping, and starting ...
... unique and proven instruction methods have helped hundreds of kids experience the joy of riding a bike. How to Ride a Bike for ... Is your child struggling to learn how to ride their bike? Our kid-friendly instructors will help them with their first lesson ( ... A list of required and optional gear items to bring to class, as well as gear provided by REI. Bring to class:. (Required) ... Bike pump - A portable bike pump that is attached to the bike. ... Provided by REI:. * Bike Helmet * Bike Tools - Items necessary ...
A donation of 10 bicycles to the Ilima Green Solution- a recycling project which helps ex-gangsters to put food on the table- ... You must provide a display name. Edit your avatar:. Select an image file on your computer (max 4MB): * The image you selected ... Louis de Waal, chairman for Ben Bikes (at the back), Janine Johnson, safety and administrator for Ben Bikes and members of ... Louis de Waal, the chairman Ben Bikes, said they started the project to encourage the use of bikes in 2002. ...
Remote bike trips provide backup support. Phil Marty. Pure Adventures is a company that specializes in self-guided bicycling ... Bicycle Racing. Age doesn't have to keep you from getting fit. When he first got on a mountain bike 20 years ago, Fred ... Discover West Hartford Bicycle Tour June 6. SUZANNE CARLSON. WEST HARTFORD - A new bicycle tour scheduled for June 6 aims to ... When he first got on a mountain bike 20 years ago, Fred Schmid could barely pedal up the 100-foot hill leading to his house. ...
Biking in Park City - Summers are hard to beat!. Bear Canyon Town Home is a quiet, family friendly vacation home minutes from ... providing a beautiful venue where guests enjoy mountain biking, hiking, golf, rock climbing, fly-fishing, white-water rafting, ... The lower level provides a second living area with a queen sleeper sofa and another stone fireplace. Just across the hallway is ... The lower level provides a second living area with a queen sleeper sofa and another stone fireplace. Just across the hallway is ...
Regis and Beach! Bikes and Water gear Included!. This lovely 3 bedroom, 3 bathroom home is located on the golf course in the ... Every bedroom has glass french doors that open up to the lanais providing loungey outdoor extensions of each room! The way the ... Regis and Beach! Bikes and Water gear Included!. This lovely 3 bedroom, 3 bathroom home is located on the golf course in the ... Regis and Beach! Bikes and Water gear Included!. This lovely 3 bedroom, 3 bathroom home is located on the golf course in the ...
... this ride provides cyclists of all ages and experience levels with breathtaking views of Lake Tahoe and its surrounding ... As the name suggests, this ride provides cyclists of all ages and experience levels with breathtaking views of Lake Tahoe and ... Check out the video below to preview Americas Most Beautiful Bike Ride with Team In Training. ... LLS funds lifesaving blood cancer research around the world and provides free information and support services. ...
... will embark on a cross-country bike ride March 7 to raise awareness and money to fight the disease. She will turn 60 during the ... Report: Virginias jails not providing appropriate mental health treatment. *. Florida golfers find python wrapped around ... The 3,100-mile bike ride will start in San Diego, Calif., and end in St. Augustine, Fla. It runs 58 days with 50 days of riding ... NEWPORT NEWS - Rona Altschuler, volunteer chairwoman of the local Walk to End Alzheimers, will embark on a cross-country bike ...
Study: Helmets reduce bicycle injury risk. Marietta Health Department provides helmets. Local News Jul 5, 2018 ... He also offered a summary of advice provided by the American Academy of Pediatrics:. ∫ Avoid over-sized bikes, as they are more ... Children should not ride their bikes at night.. ∫ Bicyclists, regardless of age, should always ride in single file when biking ... "Wearing a helmet while riding a bike is the best way to decrease the risk of serious injuries," said Lara McKenzie, Ph.D., ...
3-D Model of a Total Hip Replacement In Vivo Providing Hydrodynamic Pressure and Film Thickness for Walking and Bicycling Donna ... 3-D Model of a Total Hip Replacement In Vivo Providing Hydrodynamic Pressure and Film Thickness for Walking and Bicycling ... 3-D Model of a Total Hip Replacement In Vivo Providing Hydrodynamic Pressure and Film Thickness for Walking and Bicycling. ASME ... Minimum fluid film thickness (μm) versus the period of a bicycling gait (s). +. View Large , Save Figure , Download Slide (.ppt ...
If you like riding a bike, youll love riding an e-bike. ... Our e-bikes are the perfect way to get and explore the Wanaka ... Wanakas world-renowned scenery provides the perfect backdrop for some of the most outstanding biking in New Zealand. From ... Good Rotations e-Bike Hire. Explore Wanaka, your way! Our e-bikes are the perfect way to get and explore the Wanaka lakeside ... If you like riding a bike, youll love riding an e-bike. ... Ratings provided by. Check out what other travelers say about ...
  • The California Bicycle Coalition has adopted an official goal to double the amount of bicycling in California by 2017 and triple it by 2020. (wikipedia.org)
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, the National Institute of Aging, Fondation Leducq Transatlantic Networks of Excellence Program, the Novo Nordisk and Lundbeck Foundations, and EU Horizon 2020 also provided funding for the research. (army-technology.com)
  • RAPID CITY, S.D., Nov. 8, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- A nationwide program to teach every child in America to ride a two-wheel bicycle was announced this week. (pharmiweb.com)
  • Sophomore math major Patrick Sasser keeps cool as he bikes in the Chapel Hill on Oct. 22, 2018. (dailytarheel.com)
  • In October 2017, ofo launched in its third UK city, Norwich, and in January 2018 the company launched in Sheffield deploying 1,000 bikes in the city. (wikipedia.org)
  • Answering this question will help you determine whether you need fatter tires to take your bike off-road, one with options for add-ons so you can easily carry your stuff on a bike commute, or if you're better off with a lower-priced cruiser so you can take a leisurely spin around the neighborhood, Ryan Birkicht, senior communications manager for Pacific Cycle , says. (rd.com)
  • We are India's leading Bike Taxi Application focused on making your daily intracity commute easier & affordable. (apple.com)
  • Bike Taxi concept is the next big thing in the last mile urban commute. (apple.com)
  • Americans are increasingly bicycling to commute, for exercise, or just for fun. (nhtsa.gov)
  • This is usually helpful if you commute on a bike in the morning when the sun is shining at its brightest. (areasofmyexpertise.com)
  • The US Department of Defense (DoD) has approved the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) request to provide housing support for up to 1,000 people evacuated from Wuhan, China, due to the coronavirus outbreak. (army-technology.com)
  • But considering many bikes can cost $1,000 or more, how do you know what bike is the best for you and that it's worth the investment? (rd.com)
  • Researchers William Byrnes (left) and James Peterman demonstrate a pedal electric bicycle in Boulder, Colorado. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Summary: Older adults who exercise by using electric bicycles experience comparable cognitive and mental health benefits to those who use a standard, pedal powered bike. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • When he first got on a mountain bike 20 years ago, Fred Schmid could barely pedal up the 100-foot hill leading to his house. (ctnow.com)
  • You'll find size charts on most bike brand websites, including Dick's Sporting Goods , but make sure you know your own measurements when you go looking for a pedal partner. (rd.com)
  • our patent pending dual spring system levitates you over your bike, isolating you from the terrain below while allowing for better pedal efficiency, more comfort and increased riding confidence. (kickstarter.com)
  • Bibi rides her unicorn-themed bike on the playa during the Burning Man 2015 "Carnival of Mirrors" in the Black Rock Desert of Nevada on Aug. 31. (pbs.org)
  • Don't be afraid to talk to a customer service representative, too, as they can help you figure out the best type of bike for your rides. (rd.com)
  • A hybrid bike can handle both road and gravel and offers a flat handlebar that makes long, casual rides more comfortable, whether you're commuting or clocking miles for a workout. (rd.com)
  • In Boston, Lyft's Bluebikes is offering hospital workers a free 30-day membership, and in Chicago, healthcare workers have access to free rides on the city's Divvy bikes through April 30th. (yahoo.com)
  • ofo has connected more than 7.5 million shared bicycles and provided almost 500 million shared bicycle rides since its inception in June 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern detachable pneumatic bicycle tire contributed to the popularity and eventual dominance of the safety bicycle . (wikipedia.org)
  • The first practical pneumatic tire was made by John Boyd Dunlop in 1887 for his son's bicycle , in an effort to prevent the headaches his son had while riding on rough roads. (wikipedia.org)
  • Three main techniques for attaching a bicycle tire to a rim have been developed: clincher, wired and tubular. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rim provides a shallow circular outer cross-section in which the tire lies instead of flanges on which tire beads seat. (wikipedia.org)
  • During down-stroke, the piston then displaces air from the pump into the bicycle tire. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some such pumps are designed to cut off before a suitable pressure (much higher for a bicycle than a car tire), and will much under inflate the tire. (wikipedia.org)
  • Others may not cut off, but deliver a high rate of flow to fill the larger car tire, with a risk of over inflating and bursting a bicycle tire unless it is stopped with split-second timing. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is not known when the first bicycle pump was invented, but it is believed to have been in or around 1887, which is when the first inflatable tire or pneumatic tire was produced by John Boyd Dunlop of Scotland. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are two main types of tire valves to which the bicycle tire pump attaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • Everyone must know how to fix a flat tire and keep your bike in oil, air pressure and checking of the nuts and bolts to make sure everything is secure. (rense.com)
  • Many mountain bikes employ tubeless tire technology. (trails.com)
  • How Do I Replace a Bicycle Tire? (trails.com)
  • If you ride a bike long enough, sooner or later, you will have to replace a tire. (trails.com)
  • It is not difficult to learn how to replace a bicycle tire. (trails.com)
  • Disconnect the bicycle tire rim from the forks by loosening the retaining nuts at the axle with an adjustable wrench or vise grips. (trails.com)
  • Insert one side of the new tire over the bicycle rim. (trails.com)
  • Press in the other side of the tire into the bicycle rim using your thumbs. (trails.com)
  • Several basic types are available: Floor pumps Frame-mounted Compact or mini Foot-operated Double-action Blast or tubeless In its most basic form, a bicycle pump functions via a hand-operated piston. (wikipedia.org)
  • Schools that are the beneficiaries of All Kids Bike receive everything they need to get their students pedaling, including a proven, integrative curriculum, staff training and certification, patented child-friendly bikes designed specifically to make learning easy and fun, and ongoing support. (pharmiweb.com)
  • Inspired by extensive, independent, early-education and childhood health studies that confirm the many benefits of regular biking and exercise for kids, McFarland gathered a small team of like-minded, two-wheel enthusiasts to undertake the task of transforming America into a country where all kids bike - the first nation in the world to make such an audacious commitment. (pharmiweb.com)
  • Siyabulela Daweti, marketing and creative director for Ilima Green Solutions, said the bikes will make things easier for the youth to do their recycling and also the dustbin washing business. (news24.com)
  • They are going to pull the dustbins with the bicycles which will make things easier for them. (news24.com)
  • Our goal is to provide all the amenities of a luxury home, in order to make your Park City vacation relaxed and enjoyable. (vrbo.com)
  • Searching provides you with information to make decisions. (cibaride.org)
  • We want to make sure you have no excuses to go enjoy a bike ride. (google.com)
  • It's the attention to detail, such as the metal switchgear, that make this bike so desirable. (popularmechanics.com)
  • The old-school look and exquisite detailing of the Japan- and Europe-only Kawasaki W800 make it one of the top bikes on our list of forbidden fruit. (popularmechanics.com)
  • So how do you make an already cool bike even more lustworthy? (popularmechanics.com)
  • Make the design and construction of bicycle infrastructure more efficient. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dress up your bike to make it unique so people won't accidentally take it. (pbs.org)
  • We need your support to make California a better place to ride a bike and to get more people riding. (calbike.org)
  • A bike is a tool and you want to make sure the tool can handle the task you're intending to use it for," Birkicht says. (rd.com)
  • Teens will love this bike for the color options (like yellow, green, blue, and brown) and a range of accessories that will make it feel personalized (think: countless bells and baskets). (rd.com)
  • Our mission is to make the world a better place through bicycling. (cyclingutah.com)
  • Make sure the handled end is at the front of the bike. (takemefishing.org)
  • Make sure bikes are the right size, rather than a size "your child can grow into. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Make sure your child is careful about keeping loose pants legs, straps, or shoelaces from getting caught in the spokes of the wheel or bicycle chain. (medlineplus.gov)
  • I'd make sure you see your doctor too if your knee is bothering you, but see if you can get your bike adjusted again. (bikeforums.net)
  • Wear equipment to protect you and make you more visible to others, like a bike helmet, bright clothing (during the day), reflective gear, and a white front light and red rear light and reflectors on your bike (at night, or when visibility is poor). (nhtsa.gov)
  • Riding a bike can be a fun hobby and a great profession if you want to make a living out of it. (areasofmyexpertise.com)
  • The market is full of tools and bike accessories to make your bike perform at its optimum level. (areasofmyexpertise.com)
  • He said their aim is to see more people opting for using bicycles than cars as their mode of transport. (news24.com)
  • We're just trying to get people to feel like biking is a nice way to see things maybe in a different way than you would in a car," said. (ctnow.com)
  • There can be other cyclist or people around too provided the main subject can clearly and easily be pin-pointed. (dpreview.com)
  • Founded in 1994, the California Bicycle Coalition's mission is to "enable more people to bicycle for the health, safety, and prosperity of all Californians. (wikipedia.org)
  • The California Bicycle Coalition envisions millions of people riding bikes every day in California. (wikipedia.org)
  • People of all ages and abilities enjoy the health and happiness that comes from bicycling. (wikipedia.org)
  • 3. Protect people who ride by improving the respect they receive from motorists and the legal system Ensure that Californians respect the rights to the road of people on bicycles and that the laws, regulations, and legal system promote bicycling and protect those who choose to ride. (wikipedia.org)
  • Now that we have that out of our system, note that few people bike enough to likely worry about these problems. (snewsnet.com)
  • Officials from HHS requested the US DoD to provide several facilities that can house at least 250 people in individual rooms till the end of this month. (army-technology.com)
  • With bike shops reporting anywhere from a 30 to 600 percent increase in sales this year, compared to last, it's clear that people are turning to two-wheelers to get around and stay active while socially distancing. (rd.com)
  • The "bike therapy" session was one way several nonprofits in Warren and Washington counties are joining forces to combat addiction in young people as the region and country deal with a crisis fueled by spikes in opioid abuse. (timesunion.com)
  • It doesn't get much easier than hanging out in the park and listening to great music and people/bike watching. (cyclingutah.com)
  • My end-of-life colleagues point out that living in the present can be scary for a sick person, and many people feel a driving need to be told an upbeat prognosis that can provide them with hope and a feeling that better times may lie ahead. (sacbee.com)
  • Departing at 9 a.m. from Queen's Park in Toronto , the 2012 Friends For Life Bike Rally is raising money for Toronto People With AIDS Foundation (PWA). (newswire.ca)
  • Knowing this makes it easy to get on my bike for six days and ask people to donate. (newswire.ca)
  • Since 1987 PWA has existed to promote the health and well being of all people living with HIV/AIDS by providing accessible, direct and practical support services. (newswire.ca)
  • The dockless ofo system uses a smartphone app to unlock bicycles, charging an hourly rate for use. (wikipedia.org)
  • While other dockless bike sharing companies, including ReddyBike and Obike have raised the ire of local communities, including Melbourne, Australia, because of a clutter of bikes parked anywhere it is legal to do so, ofo guides users to park their bikes in "preferred parking zones" via its app. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Tifosi Carbon Road Bike Forks are a great upgrade for your road bike if you require a fork with a 1' diameter steerer tube. (wiggle.co.uk)
  • However the Tifosi 1' carbon fork does the job with my 2000 Bianchi Boron, keeping it on the road as my autumn/winter road bike, after the original Bianchi carbon fork showed worrying signs of wear after 14 years! (wiggle.co.uk)
  • Upgrade to my road bike I ordered this fork after reviewing notes from previous buyers and also because this fork is not costly as others i found. (wiggle.co.uk)
  • If paved surfaces will take you all the way to where you want to get, you can see that this setup works just as well on a road bike. (takemefishing.org)
  • EC90 3K Matt Handlebar Carbon Fiber 31.8/25.4mm Flat/Riser MTB Bicycle Bar US. (ebay.ca)
  • Leading a $700 million-plus round for Ofo - after its affiliate Ant Financial's previous investment - Alibaba is now taking on Tencent in China's bike-sharing battle. (financeasia.com)
  • Tuff work getting the bearing racer on as some have mentioned but a good local bike shop sorted this in no time. (wiggle.co.uk)
  • Good road forks It was good to find a pair of 1' forks to save an otherwise doomed bike. (wiggle.co.uk)
  • Create widespread recognition that bicycling is good for us as individuals and for families and communities for reasons of health, economy, convenience and happiness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Do NOT bring a 'good' bike to the event," because the dusty desert basin will reduce it to a "rust bucket," the event website cautions. (pbs.org)
  • In October 2003, an estimated 686,700 (46.6%) of the 1,473,200 private dwellings in Queensland had at least one bicycle in good working order. (abs.gov.au)
  • So the long and short of it is, the M450 is a powerful little bike computer with a good platform backing it, but to get the most out of this item you're going to want a heart rate monitor. (digitaltrends.com)
  • Researchers at Nationwide Children's Hospital found that more than 2.2 million children, age 5-17, were treated in U.S. emergency departments for bicycle-related injuries over a 10-year period (2006-2015). (newsandsentinel.com)
  • By 1979 he had developed a custom-built lightweight bicycle which was uniquely suited to the wet and muddy off-road conditions found in the south-east of England. (wikipedia.org)
  • Really pleased I bought an old steel Pinarello frame online but I found it hard to get some 1 inch carbon forks to fit it in order to build my dream training bike. (wiggle.co.uk)
  • All valves adjustable connecting systems," also known as AVACS, enable the pump to fit any type of valve found on a bicycle, and it also has the capacity to fit onto other universal inflatable products, such as balls, paddling pools, and rubber rings. (wikipedia.org)
  • I found that biking was a great stress relief," Collins said. (timesunion.com)
  • While there are several specialty products on the market that you could use for this task (bike-specific rod holders, collapsible travel rods…) I chose to stick with a full-size rod and some materials that are likely to be found in every home. (takemefishing.org)
  • We found that none of them provided the action, adjustability, performance and comfort that we desired. (kickstarter.com)
  • The 146-acre parcel that borders Lewis & Clark College and Riverview Cemetery in southwest Portland was the subject of a bruising public process that left biking supporters scorned. (bikeportland.org)
  • Last week PBOT's bicycle program manager Roger Geller shared a sneak peek at a new manual that will soon be adopted as the official Portland Protected Bicycle Lane Design Guide. (bikeportland.org)
  • Cover more ground in less time on a bike tour of Angkor Wat from Siem Reap. (tripadvisor.com.au)
  • Many students able to attend because of the bikes were girls, who were able to do their morning chores and get to school safely and on time. (aidforafrica.org)
  • At the time, there were no mountain bikes. (wikipedia.org)
  • This bike harkens back to the earliest days of motorcycling, but at the same time looks modern and fresh (and a little similar to a bicycle) with those sleek frame rails cradling the 125cc single. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Utah's bike culture is heating up as the mountains melt and just in time for Trips for Kids too! (cyclingutah.com)
  • Seeing that I live about 1.5 miles from my office in Alexandria, Virginia, it literally takes me less time to bike to work than it does to drive, so 99% of the time you will find a bike in my office and an empty parking spot in our building's garage. (takemefishing.org)
  • Lyft will expand its cleaning operations and continue to disinfect bikes every time they enter the depot or are repaired in the field. (yahoo.com)
  • If your bike is in great shape and condition and you look after it properly it should last you for a long time to come. (areasofmyexpertise.com)
  • There is nothing in this world than riding a bike on an open back road to get rid of the troubles of life and spending some time to yourself. (areasofmyexpertise.com)
  • Glen Murray , MPP Toronto Centre, has joined the Bike Rally for the first time this year. (newswire.ca)
  • Their respective employers are providing financial support and time off. (prweb.com)
  • Shot in one long day, with Pedro Pimentel Visuals (https://www.pedropimentel.net/), a lot of it off the back of a Surly Big Dummy cargo bike with a mountain of gear! (newzealand.com)
  • Surrounded by National Park, Amy's by the Sea is an easy walk to the ocean beach via paved road for bicycles/strollers or via the 'back' trail to the bluffs overlooking the ocean, sand dunes and miles of quiet beauty. (homeaway.co.uk)
  • Carry all items in a backpack or strapped to the back of the bike. (nhtsa.gov)