Discussion of lists of works, documents or other publications, usually with some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject, or published in a given place, and differing from a catalog in that its contents are restricted to holdings of a single collection, library, or group of libraries. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A list of works, documents, and other publications on medical subjects and topics of interest to the field of medicine.
A bibliography which lists all the books and other publications published, or distributed in significant quantity, in a particular country. Sometimes the term is used with respect to the new publications published within a specific period, and sometimes with respect to all those published within a lengthy period of many years. It is also used to indicate a bibliography of publications about a country (whether written by its nationals or not) and those written in the language of the country as well as those published in it. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
The area of bibliography which makes known precisely the material conditions of books, i.e., the full name of the author, the exact title of the work, the date and place of publication, the publisher's and printer's names, the format, the pagination, typographical particulars, illustrations, and the price, and for old books, other characteristics such as the kind of paper, binding, etc. It is also called analytical bibliography and physical bibliography. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
A written account of a person's life and the branch of literature concerned with the lives of people. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
A computerized biomedical bibliographic storage and retrieval system operated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLARS stands for Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, which was first introduced in 1964 and evolved into an online system in 1971 called MEDLINE (MEDLARS Online). As other online databases were developed, MEDLARS became the name of the entire NLM information system while MEDLINE became the name of the premier database. MEDLARS was used to produce the former printed Cumulated Index Medicus, and the printed monthly Index Medicus, until that publication ceased in December 2004.
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Development of a library collection, including the determination and coordination of selection policy, assessment of needs of users and potential users, collection use studies, collection evaluation, identification of collection needs, selection of materials, planning for resource sharing, collection maintenance and weeding, and budgeting.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The joint that occurs between facets of the interior and superior articular processes of adjacent VERTEBRAE.
Aching sensation that persists for more than a few months. It may or may not be associated with trauma or disease, and may persist after the initial injury has healed. Its localization, character, and timing are more vague than with acute pain.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A quantitative method of combining the results of independent studies (usually drawn from the published literature) and synthesizing summaries and conclusions which may be used to evaluate therapeutic effectiveness, plan new studies, etc., with application chiefly in the areas of research and medicine.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Methods of delivering drugs into a joint space.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.
Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.

A World Wide Web selected bibliography for pediatric infectious diseases. (1/121)

A pediatric infectious diseases bibliography of selected medical reference citations has been developed and placed on the World Wide Web (WWW) at http://www.pedid.uthscsa.edu. A regularly updated bibliography of >2,500 selected literature citations representing general reviews and key articles has been organized under a standard outline for individual infectious diseases and related topics that cover the breadth of pediatric infectious diseases. Citations are categorized by infectious disease or clinical syndrome, and access can be achieved by the disease or by syndrome or the name of the pathogen. Abstracts, and in some cases the complete text of articles, may be viewed by use of hypertext links. The bibliography provides medical students, residents, fellows, and clinicians with a constantly available resource of current literature citations in pediatric infectious diseases. The WWW is an emerging educational and clinical resource for the practice of clinical infectious diseases.  (+info)

Supplement to the Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB): results of animal bioassays published in the general literature in 1993 to 1994 and by the National Toxicology Program in 1995 to 1996. (2/121)

The Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB) is a systematic and unifying analysis of results of chronic, long-term cancer tests. This paper presents a supplemental plot of the CPDB, including 513 experiments on 157 test compounds published in the general literature in 1993 and 1994 and in Technical Reports of the National Toxicology Program in 1995 and 1996. The plot standardizes the experimental results (whether positive or negative for carcinogenicity), including qualitative data on strain, sex, route of compound administration, target organ, histopathology, and author's opinion and reference to the published paper, as well as quantitative data on carcinogenic potency, statistical significance, tumor incidence, dose-response curve shape, length of experiment, duration of dosing, and dose rate. A numerical description of carcinogenic potency, the TD(subscript)50(/subscript), is estimated for each set of tumor incidence data reported. When added to the data published earlier, the CPDB now includes results of 5,620 experiments on 1,372 chemicals that have been reported in 1,250 published papers and 414 National Cancer Institute/National Toxicology Program Technical Reports. The plot presented here includes detailed analyses of 25 chemicals tested in monkeys for up to 32 years by the National Cancer Institute. Half the rodent carcinogens that were tested in monkeys were not carcinogenic, despite usually strong evidence of carcinogenicity in rodents and/or humans. Our analysis of possible explanatory factors indicates that this result is due in part to the fact that the monkey studies lacked power to detect an effect compared to standard rodent bioassays. Factors that contributed to the lack of power are the small number of animals on test; a stop-exposure protocol for model rodent carcinogens; in a few cases, toxic doses that resulted in stoppage of dosing or termination of the experiment; and in a few cases, low doses administered to monkeys or early termination of the experiment even though the doses were not toxic. Among chemicals carcinogenic in both monkeys and rodents, there is some support for target site concordance, but it is primarily restricted to liver tumors. Potency values are highly correlated between rodents and monkeys. The plot in this paper can be used in conjunction with the earlier results published in the CRC Handbook of Carcinogenic Potency and Genotoxicity Databases [Gold LS, Zeiger E, eds. Boca Raton FL:CRC Press, 1997] and with our web site (http://potency.berkeley.edu), which includes a guide to the plot of the database, a complete description of the numerical index of carcinogenic potency (TD50), and a discussion of the sources of data, the rationale for the inclusion of particular experiments and particular target sites, and the conventions adopted in summarizing the literature. Two summary tables permit easy access to the literature of animal cancer tests by target organ and by chemical. For readers using the CPDB extensively, a combined plot on diskette or other format is available from the first author. It includes all results published earlier and in this paper, ordered alphabetically by chemical. A SAS database is also available.  (+info)

Mapping the literature of dental assisting. (3/121)

The purpose of this study was to identify core journals and the databases that provide access to these journals for the field of dental assisting. This study was completed as a part of the Medical Library Association (MLA) Nursing and Allied Health Resources Section's project to map the literature of allied health. There were three original journals selected for analysis using the prescribed methodology, Dental Assistant, the journal of the American Dental Assistants Association; Journal of the CDAA, the journal of the Canadian Dental Assistants' Association; and Dental Teamwork, published by the American Dental Association. Dental Teamwork ceased publication in December 1996; however, it was considered a necessary part of the analysis due to its extensive coverage of dental assisting as well as its numerous scientific articles with references. In Dental Assistant, there were 16 source articles, containing 206 citations. In Dental Teamwork, there were 31 source articles with 308 citations. In Journal of the CDAA, there were only 3 source articles with 14 citations. Bradford's Law of Scattering was applied to the journal citations. Four databases, MEDLINE, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, and HEALTH were analyzed for their coverage of these cited journals. This study may encourage the dental assisting profession to take a close look at its existing journals and to consider enhancing the content of these journals or the publication of additional journals in the field. Dental assistants of today need substantive literature that deals with all aspects of their chosen profession in order to meet the challenges of providing dental health care in the future.  (+info)

Mapping the literature of dental hygiene. (4/121)

Despite the long history of the dental hygiene profession, little research has been conducted on the characteristics of its literature. In this study, the bibliometric method was used to identify the core journals in the discipline and the extent of indexing of these journals. The study was a part of the Medical Library Association (MLA) Nursing and Allied Health Resources Section's project to map the allied health literature. Five journals were found to provide one-third of all references studied. Forty-two journals yielded an additional one-third of the references. MEDLINE had the best indexing coverage with 87% of the journals receiving indexing for at least one-half of the articles included. Limited coverage was provided by EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (11%) and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (9%). The findings identified titles that should be added by indexing services as well as those that should have more complete coverage.  (+info)

Mapping the literature of diagnostic medical sonography. (5/121)

Diagnostic medical sonography has been evolving as a recognized allied health occupation since the early 1970s, but no bibliometric studies of the literature of the field have been published. This study, part of the Medical Library Association Nursing and Allied Health Resources Section's Project for Mapping the Literature of Allied Health, attempted to identify the core journals in diagnostic medical sonography and determine how well these journals are indexed by MEDLINE, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL). Citation analysis was done using the three journals listed for the field by the Brandon/Hill list. Characteristics of two of these three journals affected the results to the extent that more data should be gathered to reach conclusions about the literature of diagnostic medical sonography as a whole. Results of the analysis do suggest that the literature of echocardiography, which is a special area of diagnostic medical sonography, is indexed much more completely by MEDLINE and EMBASE/Excerpta Medica than by CINAHL. Suggestions are made for librarians making collection development decisions in this area of allied health.  (+info)

Mapping the literature of dietetics. (6/121)

Research on the literature of dietetics, apart from the broader field of nutrition, has not been reported in the literature. The purpose of this bibliometric study was to identify the core journals of dietetics and to determine the extent of indexing coverage for these journals. The study was conducted as part of a larger project, the Project for Mapping the Literature of Allied Health, sponsored by the Nursing and Allied Health Resources Section of the Medical Library Association. Citations appearing in three journals between 1995 and 1997 were analyzed by the methodology common to studies in the project. Results revealed that dietetic literature relies heavily on journal literature and on those journals that are from associated health sciences fields. Of the indexing services examined, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica and MEDLINE provided the most complete coverage of the literature. The study's findings have implications for those involved with the literature of dietetics.  (+info)

Mapping the literature of occupational therapy. (7/121)

Occupational therapy, formally organized in the United States in 1917, is considered an allied health field. Mapping occupational therapy literature is part of a bibliometric project of the Medical Library Association's Nursing and Allied Health Resources Section's project for mapping the literature of allied health. Three core journals were selected from the years 1995 and 1996 and a determination was made of the extent to which the cited journal references were covered by standard indexing sources. Using Bradford's Law of Scattering three zones were created, each containing approximately one-third of the cited journal references. The results showed that three journals made up the first zone, 117 journals the second, and 657 the third. The most cited journal was the American Journal of Occupational Therapy. In the second zone, journals from twelve disciplines were identified. While MEDLINE provided the best overall indexing, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) was the only database that indexed the three most cited journals plus nine of the currently active titles in occupational therapy. MEDLINE could improve its coverage of occupational therapy by indexing the journals of the British, Canadian, and Australian national associations.  (+info)

Mapping the literature of perfusion. (8/121)

Perfusionists select and operate the equipment necessary for monitoring, supporting, or temporarily replacing the patient's circulatory or respiratory function. There are over 3,000 perfusionists working in U.S. hospitals, medical and perfusionist groups, and as independent contractors. The purpose of this study was to identify the core literature of perfusion and to determine which major databases provide the most thorough access to this literature. This paper is part of the Medical Library Association Nursing and Allied Health Resource Section's project to map the literature of the allied health professions. It uses a bibliometric methodology to identify core journals. A group of forty-three journals was determined to make up the core journal literature of perfusion. MEDLINE provided the best overall indexing coverage for these journals, but librarians and perfusionists will wish to supplement its use with the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature in order to access the journals written primarily for perfusionists. The study results can guide purchasing and database searching decisions of collection development and reference librarians, encourage the database producer to increase coverage of titles that are unindexed or underindexed, and advise perfusionists of the best access to their core literature.  (+info)

There are many different types of chronic pain, including:

1. Musculoskeletal pain: This type of pain affects the muscles, bones, and joints, and can be caused by injuries, arthritis, or other conditions.
2. Nerve pain: This type of pain is caused by damage or irritation to the nerves, and can be burning, stabbing, or shooting in nature.
3. Chronic regional pain syndrome (CRPS): This is a chronic pain condition that typically affects one limb and is characterized by burning, aching, or shooting pain.
4. Neuropathic pain: This type of pain is caused by damage or irritation to the nerves, and can be burning, stabbing, or shooting in nature.
5. Cancer pain: This type of pain is caused by cancer or its treatment, and can be severe and debilitating.
6. Postoperative pain: This type of pain is caused by surgery and can vary in severity depending on the type of procedure and individual's response to pain.
7. Pelvic pain: This type of pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including endometriosis, adhesions, or pelvic inflammatory disease.
8. Headache disorders: This type of pain can include migraines, tension headaches, and other types of headaches that are severe and recurring.

Chronic pain can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, affecting their ability to work, sleep, and participate in activities they enjoy. It can also lead to feelings of frustration, anxiety, and depression.

There are many treatment options for chronic pain, including medication, physical therapy, and alternative therapies like acupuncture and massage. It's important to work with a healthcare provider to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses the underlying cause of the pain and helps improve function and quality of life.

The causes of LBP can be broadly classified into two categories:

1. Mechanical causes: These include strains, sprains, and injuries to the soft tissues (such as muscles, ligaments, and tendons) or bones in the lower back.
2. Non-mechanical causes: These include medical conditions such as herniated discs, degenerative disc disease, and spinal stenosis.

The symptoms of LBP can vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. Common symptoms include:

* Pain that may be localized to one side or both sides of the lower back
* Muscle spasms or stiffness
* Limited range of motion in the lower back
* Difficulty bending, lifting, or twisting
* Sciatica (pain that radiates down the legs)
* Weakness or numbness in the legs

The diagnosis of LBP is based on a combination of medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI.

Treatment for LBP depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition, but may include:

* Medications such as pain relievers, muscle relaxants, or anti-inflammatory drugs
* Physical therapy to improve strength and flexibility in the lower back
* Chiropractic care to realign the spine and relieve pressure on the joints and muscles
* Injections of corticosteroids or hyaluronic acid to reduce inflammation and relieve pain
* Surgery may be considered for severe or chronic cases that do not respond to other treatments.

Prevention strategies for LBP include:

* Maintaining a healthy weight to reduce strain on the lower back
* Engaging in regular exercise to improve muscle strength and flexibility
* Using proper lifting techniques to avoid straining the lower back
* Taking regular breaks to stretch and move around if you have a job that involves sitting or standing for long periods
* Managing stress through relaxation techniques such as meditation or deep breathing.

The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.

In this article, we will explore the definition and impact of chronic diseases, as well as strategies for managing and living with them. We will also discuss the importance of early detection and prevention, as well as the role of healthcare providers in addressing the needs of individuals with chronic diseases.

What is a Chronic Disease?

A chronic disease is a condition that lasts for an extended period of time, often affecting daily life and activities. Unlike acute diseases, which have a specific beginning and end, chronic diseases are long-term and persistent. Examples of chronic diseases include:

1. Diabetes
2. Heart disease
3. Arthritis
4. Asthma
5. Cancer
6. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
7. Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
8. Hypertension
9. Osteoporosis
10. Stroke

Impact of Chronic Diseases

The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the WHO. In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.

Chronic diseases can also have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, limiting their ability to participate in activities they enjoy and affecting their relationships with family and friends. Moreover, the financial burden of chronic diseases can lead to poverty and reduce economic productivity, thus having a broader societal impact.

Addressing Chronic Diseases

Given the significant burden of chronic diseases, it is essential that we address them effectively. This requires a multi-faceted approach that includes:

1. Lifestyle modifications: Encouraging healthy behaviors such as regular physical activity, a balanced diet, and smoking cessation can help prevent and manage chronic diseases.
2. Early detection and diagnosis: Identifying risk factors and detecting diseases early can help prevent or delay their progression.
3. Medication management: Effective medication management is crucial for controlling symptoms and slowing disease progression.
4. Multi-disciplinary care: Collaboration between healthcare providers, patients, and families is essential for managing chronic diseases.
5. Health promotion and disease prevention: Educating individuals about the risks of chronic diseases and promoting healthy behaviors can help prevent their onset.
6. Addressing social determinants of health: Social determinants such as poverty, education, and employment can have a significant impact on health outcomes. Addressing these factors is essential for reducing health disparities and improving overall health.
7. Investing in healthcare infrastructure: Investing in healthcare infrastructure, technology, and research is necessary to improve disease detection, diagnosis, and treatment.
8. Encouraging policy change: Policy changes can help create supportive environments for healthy behaviors and reduce the burden of chronic diseases.
9. Increasing public awareness: Raising public awareness about the risks and consequences of chronic diseases can help individuals make informed decisions about their health.
10. Providing support for caregivers: Chronic diseases can have a significant impact on family members and caregivers, so providing them with support is essential for improving overall health outcomes.


Chronic diseases are a major public health burden that affect millions of people worldwide. Addressing these diseases requires a multi-faceted approach that includes lifestyle changes, addressing social determinants of health, investing in healthcare infrastructure, encouraging policy change, increasing public awareness, and providing support for caregivers. By taking a comprehensive approach to chronic disease prevention and management, we can improve the health and well-being of individuals and communities worldwide.

Neoplasm refers to an abnormal growth of cells that can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Neoplasms can occur in any part of the body and can affect various organs and tissues. The term "neoplasm" is often used interchangeably with "tumor," but while all tumors are neoplasms, not all neoplasms are tumors.

Types of Neoplasms

There are many different types of neoplasms, including:

1. Carcinomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in the epithelial cells lining organs and glands. Examples include breast cancer, lung cancer, and colon cancer.
2. Sarcomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in connective tissue, such as bone, cartilage, and fat. Examples include osteosarcoma (bone cancer) and soft tissue sarcoma.
3. Lymphomas: These are cancers of the immune system, specifically affecting the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues. Examples include Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
4. Leukemias: These are cancers of the blood and bone marrow that affect the white blood cells. Examples include acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).
5. Melanomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in the pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. Examples include skin melanoma and eye melanoma.

Causes and Risk Factors of Neoplasms

The exact causes of neoplasms are not fully understood, but there are several known risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing a neoplasm. These include:

1. Genetic predisposition: Some people may be born with genetic mutations that increase their risk of developing certain types of neoplasms.
2. Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental toxins, such as radiation and certain chemicals, can increase the risk of developing a neoplasm.
3. Infection: Some neoplasms are caused by viruses or bacteria. For example, human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common cause of cervical cancer.
4. Lifestyle factors: Factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and a poor diet can increase the risk of developing certain types of neoplasms.
5. Family history: A person's risk of developing a neoplasm may be higher if they have a family history of the condition.

Signs and Symptoms of Neoplasms

The signs and symptoms of neoplasms can vary depending on the type of cancer and where it is located in the body. Some common signs and symptoms include:

1. Unusual lumps or swelling
2. Pain
3. Fatigue
4. Weight loss
5. Change in bowel or bladder habits
6. Unexplained bleeding
7. Coughing up blood
8. Hoarseness or a persistent cough
9. Changes in appetite or digestion
10. Skin changes, such as a new mole or a change in the size or color of an existing mole.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Neoplasms

The diagnosis of a neoplasm usually involves a combination of physical examination, imaging tests (such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans), and biopsy. A biopsy involves removing a small sample of tissue from the suspected tumor and examining it under a microscope for cancer cells.

The treatment of neoplasms depends on the type, size, location, and stage of the cancer, as well as the patient's overall health. Some common treatments include:

1. Surgery: Removing the tumor and surrounding tissue can be an effective way to treat many types of cancer.
2. Chemotherapy: Using drugs to kill cancer cells can be effective for some types of cancer, especially if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
3. Radiation therapy: Using high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells can be effective for some types of cancer, especially if the cancer is located in a specific area of the body.
4. Immunotherapy: Boosting the body's immune system to fight cancer can be an effective treatment for some types of cancer.
5. Targeted therapy: Using drugs or other substances to target specific molecules on cancer cells can be an effective treatment for some types of cancer.

Prevention of Neoplasms

While it is not always possible to prevent neoplasms, there are several steps that can reduce the risk of developing cancer. These include:

1. Avoiding exposure to known carcinogens (such as tobacco smoke and radiation)
2. Maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle
3. Getting regular exercise
4. Not smoking or using tobacco products
5. Limiting alcohol consumption
6. Getting vaccinated against certain viruses that are associated with cancer (such as human papillomavirus, or HPV)
7. Participating in screening programs for early detection of cancer (such as mammograms for breast cancer and colonoscopies for colon cancer)
8. Avoiding excessive exposure to sunlight and using protective measures such as sunscreen and hats to prevent skin cancer.

It's important to note that not all cancers can be prevented, and some may be caused by factors that are not yet understood or cannot be controlled. However, by taking these steps, individuals can reduce their risk of developing cancer and improve their overall health and well-being.

Examples of acute diseases include:

1. Common cold and flu
2. Pneumonia and bronchitis
3. Appendicitis and other abdominal emergencies
4. Heart attacks and strokes
5. Asthma attacks and allergic reactions
6. Skin infections and cellulitis
7. Urinary tract infections
8. Sinusitis and meningitis
9. Gastroenteritis and food poisoning
10. Sprains, strains, and fractures.

Acute diseases can be treated effectively with antibiotics, medications, or other therapies. However, if left untreated, they can lead to chronic conditions or complications that may require long-term care. Therefore, it is important to seek medical attention promptly if symptoms persist or worsen over time.

Accordingly, some bibliographies on related topics such as Lesbia (a major character in many of Catullus's poems, generally ... Has a bibliography pp. XV-XVIII as well as bibliographies accompanying each poem. Bibliographies focus on sources pertaining to ... A Systematic Bibliography. Oxford Bibliographies Online also has a dedicated bibliography of Catullus; it is compiled by David ... The two bibliographies published as books are Hermann Harrauer [de]'s A Bibliography to Catullus and James P. Holoka's Gaius ...
1988). Bibliographies on Wyoming topics. Laramie, WY: University of Wyoming Libraries. Publications Available from the Wyoming ... Bibliographies of the United States and territories, Bibliographies of history, Books about Wyoming, Works about Wyoming). ... Mullens, Marjorie (1977). Bibliography of the Geology of the Green River Formation, Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming, to March 1, ... Extensive run of these bibliographies of United States communities and states prepared by workers of the WPA, under the ...
"Topic modeling bibliography". Brett, Megan R. "Topic Modeling: A Basic Introduction". Journal of Digital Humanities. Topic ... The author-topic model by Rosen-Zvi et al. models the topics associated with authors of documents to improve the topic ... The "topics" produced by topic modeling techniques are clusters of similar words. A topic model captures this intuition in a ... what the topics might be and what each document's balance of topics is. Topic models are also referred to as probabilistic ...
"A Master of Menace" (audio file). Hyperlinked in "Multimedia". In "Harold Pinter". New York Times, Times Topics. New York Times ... Bibliographies of people, Bibliographies of British writers, Harold Pinter, Dramatist and playwright bibliographies). ... Provides links to the official Nobel Prize announcement, Bio-bibliography, Bibliography, press release, press conference, and ... It lists works by and works about him, and it serves as the Bibliography ("Works cited") for the main article on Harold Pinter ...
Roud bibliography/discography (X5016). Retrieved 22 September 2020. "George Maynard - Ye Subjects of England". Topic Records. ... Recordings from this sesion also appear on several volumes of the Topic anthology The Voice of the People and other Topic ... Roud bibliography/discography (X5061). Retrieved 22 September 2020. Stubbs, Ken (1970). The Life of a Man: English Folk Songs ... At the same time Kennedy recorded 14 of the 15 tracks that would comprise Maynard's Topic Records album Ye Subjects of England ...
"Colistin topics page (bibliography)". Science.gov. Portal: Medicine (Articles with short description, Short description is ...
Traveling libraries 716.2-718.85........Libraries in relation to special topics. Including libraries and community, libraries ... General Bibliography 1001.................Introduction to bibliography. Theory, philosophy, psychology. Bibliography. ... Class Z: Bibliography. Library Science. Information resources is a classification used by the Library of Congress ... "Library of Congress Classification Full Text: CLASS Z - Bibliography. Library Science. Information resources" (PDF). Library of ...
Much picture material and bibliography. In English and German. UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology Ancient Egypt and the Role of ... Artifacts used extensively to illustrate topics. Priests of Ancient Egypt Archived 22 March 2022 at the Wayback Machine In- ...
New York: Town Topics Publishing Company, 1893. Lee, William O. Personal and Historical Sketches of the 7th Regiment Michigan ... For a guide to the bibliography see: Eicher, David J. The Civil War in Books An Analytical Bibliography (1997), an annotated ... For an overall national view see Bibliography of the American Civil War. For histories of the Confederacy see Bibliography of ... The following list is a Bibliography of American Civil War Union military unit histories. More details on each book are ...
"Current Capital Topics: Kalakaua's State Dinner invitees". National Republican at Newspapers.com. December 21, 1874. Retrieved ... Bibliographies of people, History of Hawaii, House of Kalākaua, Political bibliographies). ... 2000). Hawaiian National Bibliography 1780-1900, Volume 2: 1831-1850. Vol. 2. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0- ... Bibliography of Liliʻuokalani MOS Hawaii-related articles Google. "Kalākaua Avenue, Honolulu" (Map). Google Maps. Google. "King ...
von; Biot, M. A. (2004) [Cornell University Press, 1954]. Aerodynamics: Selected Topics in the Light of Their Historical ... This is a bibliography of works by Theodore von Kármán. Kármán, Th. von; Burgers, J. M. (1924). General Aerodynamic Theory, 2 ... Topics in Applied Mechanics (Schwerin Memorial Volume). ASIN B0093DD5Z2. GB patent 137332, Th. von Kármán & W. Zurovec, " ...
... test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator Nash, David (25 March 2020). "Warlpiri: Warlpiri bibliography". ... Topics in Warlpiri Grammar, PhD thesis, MIT. Laughren, Hoogenraad, Hale, Granites (1996). A Learner's Guide to Warlpiri: Tape ...
Topics covered include the parts of speech. The descriptions are illustrated by analyzed phrases and sentences. In addition, ... Also included is a bibliography." OLAC resources in and about the Santa María Zacatepec Mixtec language v t e (Pages containing ...
"Analysis of Topics Published in World Order". Baháʼí Bibliography. Baháʼí Library Online. September 2003. Archived from the ... Greenwood Press's ongoing series of Bibliographies and Indexes in Religious Studies. Archived from the original on 7 April 2013 ... "Memorials (Listings)". The Babi and Baha'i Religions: An Annotated Bibliography. ...
There are thousands of books and articles written about this topic. Only the most useful are presented. Adams, Henry (1986) [ ... The War of 1812 bibliography is a selective, annotated bibliography using APA style citations of the many books related to the ... The volumes are well illustrated and offer useful bibliographies and extensive indexes. Jones, Noah. Journals of Two Cruises ... Heritage Command's War of 1812 Website Bibliography of the United States Army during the War of 1812 compiled by the United ...
Encyclopedia online with scores of topics Bou, Jean. Light Horse: A History of Australia's Mounted Arm (Australian Army History ... Bibliographies of countries or regions, Bibliographies of history, Historiography of Australia). ... This is a bibliography of selected publications on the history of Australia. Barker, Anthony. What Happened When: A Chronology ...
Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.) (1966). Topics in the Theory of Generative Grammar. (1968) with Morris Halle. ... Bibliographies by writer, Works by Noam Chomsky, Bibliographies of American writers, Philosophy bibliographies, Works about ... A full bibliography is available on Chomsky's MIT homepage. - (1951). Morphophonemics of Modern Hebrew (Master's thesis). ...
The bibliography on this topic is enormous. "Pericles' Funeral Oration". the-athenaeum.org. Retrieved 1 January 2015. ...
"Cuban Missile Crisis Bibliography". Alsos Digital Library for Nuclear Issues. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. ... Topics. History Channel. 2011. "Cuban Missile Crisis". Nuclear Weapons History: Cold War. Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. ...
There's no bibliography at all". Kurowski published many of his books under pseudonyms, depending on the topic. By his own ... The narratives in Panzer Aces do not include bibliographies or cite sources; the account of Ribbentrop is presented in the ... was a German author of fiction and non-fiction who specialised in World War II topics. He is best known for producing apologist ...
It specifically excludes topics related to the Russian Revolution; see Bibliography of the Russian Revolution and Civil War for ... Bibliographies of wars and conflicts, Bibliographies of history). ... Additional bibliographies can be found in many of the book-length works listed below; see Further Reading for several book and ... To keep the bibliography length manageable, only items that clearly meet the criteria should be included. Citation style This ...
It specifically excludes topics related to the Russian Revolution; see Bibliography of the Russian Revolution and Civil War for ... Bibliography of Russian history (1223-1613) Bibliography of the Russo-Japanese War Bibliography of Russia during World War I ... Bibliography of Ukrainian history Bibliography of the history of Belarus and Byelorussia Bibliography of the history of Poland ... Many of the above works contain bibliographies. Included below are a selection of works with large bibliographies related to ...
A Scottish Journal of Bibliography and Allied Topics. 4 (1). Retrieved 8 July 2016. Crawford, J (1 January 1994). "Reading and ... A Scottish Journal of Bibliography and Allied Topics. 19. Retrieved 8 July 2016. Towsey, Mark (2008). ""Patron of Infidelity": ...
... which each cover a different topic. The bibliography has a total of 28 pages. The book focuses on particular points common to ... Bibliography. Index. $65.00, hard bound". Slavic Review. 78 (3): 814-816. doi:10.1017/slr.2019.106. S2CID 211666106. "歷史的覆轍" ( ... should have familiarity with the respective topics, noting that "This is not a book for beginners." "The Laggards," Chapter 1, ...
Koul, Omkar N. (1982). Topics in Hindi Linguistics. New Delhi, India: Bahri Publications Pvt. Ltd. Koul, Omkar N. (1986). ... ISBN 978-0-415-05868-1. Koul, Omkar N. (2000). Kashmiri Language, Linguistics and Culture: An Annotated Bibliography. Koul, ... Omkar N. (2002). Topics in Kashmiri Linguistics. Creative Books. ISBN 978-81-86318-99-7. Koul, Omkar N. (2005). Studies in ...
"Topic Galleries - chicagotribune.com". Chicago Tribune.[permanent dead link] Bibliography Durica, Dr. Michael (2006). Product ...
Bibliography Paul Cooke (ed.): "The Lives of Others" and Contemporary German Film. A Companion. De Gruyter, Berlin/Boston 2013 ... Nickerson, Colin (29 May 2006). "German film prompts open debate on Stasi: A forbidden topic captivates nation". The Boston ...
"Weber Forums • View topic - Timothy Zahn to do books with David Weber in the Honorverse!". Forums.davidweber.net. Archived from ... Bibliographies by writer, Bibliographies of American writers, Science fiction bibliographies, Fantasy bibliographies). ... "Bibliography". David Weber. Retrieved 2015-10-10. Cauldron of Ghosts (Crown of Slaves, - Honor Harrington universe Book 3) ...
War Bibliography of Canadian military history Bibliography of works on the United States military and LGBT+ topics American War ... excerpts Bibliography of the American Civil War Bibliography of the American Revolutionary ... This is a bibliography of works on the military history of the United States. Allison, William T. Jeffrey G. Grey, Janet G. ... covering all topics Higginbotham, Don. The War of American Independence: Military Attitudes, Policies, and Practice, 1763-1789 ...
Each article was written by a recognized specialist on the relevant topic. However, unsurprisingly for a work spanning 40 years ... Includes long, signed articles, with bibliographies. Special emphasis is given in this (EI2) edition to economic and social ... This reference work is of fundamental importance on topics dealing with the geography, ethnography and biography of Muslim ... topics, but it remains the standard encyclopedic reference on the Islamic religion in English. The most important and ...
viii + 465 (ISBN 978-0-14-022612-6). 1988 Toponymic topics: essays on the early toponymy of the British Isles. Brighton: ... bibliography and discography. Lewes: Pomegranate Press; pp. 349. (ISBN 978-1-907242-09-0.) [Published with the aid of a grant ... and collections on related topics. His main contribution to linguistic theory is The Pragmatic Theory of Properhood, set out in ...
Among the more debated topics: the spiritual roots of anarchism and the connections between anarchism, the Book of the Prophets ... 1999 Yiddish Anarchist Bibliography at Kate Sharpley Library Les Anarchistes, le sionisme et la naissance de l'État d'Israël, ...
It is most useful for detailed research on specific topics. The complete text of all the documents are online and searchable; ... A Brief Survey and Bibliography, The Review of English Studies New Series, Vol. 56, No. 227 (Nov. 2005), pp. 758-66 [762]. ... in history List of wealthiest historical figures List of abolitionist forerunners List of opponents of slavery Bibliography of ...
In the examination room, the examinees then had a day to write essays on six topics chosen by the test officials, and finally ... doi:10.1111/j.1540-6253.1974.tb00644.x. Wang, Rui (2013). The Chinese Imperial Examination System: An Annotated Bibliography. ... In the Tang dynasty, the emperor held on occasion irregular examinations for specialized topics. These were open to persons ... An Annotated Bibliography, Lanham: Scarecrow Press, ISBN 9780810887022 Wu, K. C. (1982), The Chinese Heritage, New York: Crown ...
He took part in the III to VI International Greifswald Romanticism Conference with corresponding research topics. A research ... the German National Library catalogue Gerd-Helge Vogel on SächsBib Literature about Gerd-Helge Vogel in the State Bibliography ...
Bibliography Gahete Muñoz, Soraya (2015). "La Sección Femenina de Falange. Discursos y prácticas en Madrid" (PDF). Arenal: ... these topics were largely out of bounds because of Sección Femenina's positions on them. Sección Femenina tried to drive ...
... followed by an annotated bibliography of the key literature on that topic. According to Oxford University Press, entries are ... Oxford Bibliographies Online (OBO), also known as Oxford Bibliographies, is a web-based compendium of peer-reviewed annotated ... "Discover Oxford Bibliographies with Your Library Card". oxfordbibliographies.com. Oxford Bibliographies Online. Retrieved 6 ... Howard, Jennifer (6 July 2017). "Oxford Bibliographies Online: the 'Anti-Google'? Oxford Bibliographies Online: the 'Anti- ...
Ludwig researched several topics such as the physiology of blood pressure, urinary excretion, and anesthesia. He received the ... Short biography and bibliography in the Virtual Laboratory of the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science (Use dmy ...
Recent scholarship has primarily focused on three topics: post-war anti-Semitism; emigration and the creation of the State of ... From the same source see: Non-Jewish Polish Victims of the Holocaust Bibliography of Polish Jewish Relations Archived 8 ...
Miroljub Todorović: Bio-bibliography, Signalism @ Project Rastko, e-library Daniel Daligand. Signalisme et pansemiotique (2007 ... and others in which the topics are Space, Time and Matter. In there for decade long research and creative pursuit that followed ...
A Bibliography, (Congressional Quarterly Books, 1990). ISBN 0-87187-554-3. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Harold Hitz ... and newspaper clippings relating to routine administrative matters and topics of special interest during Burton's mayoralty. ...
... locating numeric or geospatial datasets containing measurable variables on a particular topic or group of topics, in response ... See the IASSIST Bibliography of Selected Works Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine for articles tracing the history of ... User Instruction - providing hands-on training to groups of users in locating data resources on particular topics, how to ...
Two prominent sections, the Bibliography (compiled by Cutter) and Pseudonyms and Antonyms (compiled by James L. Whitney), ... with each topic assigned its own RSS feed so that users can receive articles relevant to their interests. Past and present ... ", "LJ Review Alert", and "LJXpress". Web articles in the site's "Libraries & Librarians" category are listed by topic, ...
Bibliography (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, EngvarB from September 2015, Use dmy dates ... Geology of Indonesia Blog Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: The Geology of Indonesia Badan Geologi (Geological Survey) ...
In 2018 and 2019 he worked part-time in the literature archive and was responsible for the Marbach Schiller bibliography. For ... topic- and author-specific bundles), inter-institutional lending and magazine logistics. ...
Osborne NN (22 October 2013). Selected Topics from Neurochemistry. Elsevier Science. pp. 244-. ISBN 978-1-4832-8635-8. Davis MP ... Structures and Bibliographies. Springer. pp. 656-. ISBN 978-1-4757-2085-3. Index Nominum 2000: International Drug Directory. ...
Key topics include the usage of inflammation inhibitors (e.g., aspirin) in cancer prevention and prognosis. to prevent cancer, ... "My Bibliography - My NCBI Collection". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2017-10-05. Austauschdienst, DAAD - Deutscher ...
Below is an examination of the main topics in the evolution of the philosophy of Rudolf Carnap. It is not exhaustive, but it ... 857-1012) and then a Bibliography that includes an annotated listing of his published writings up to 1961 and a listing of ... ISBN 3-534-14298-5. Online bibliography is under construction and has no entries dated later than 1937. Interview with Rudolf ...
4 Appendix (synopses, bibliographies, tables). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. pp. 137-40. ISBN 978-3-11-011133-0. Retrieved March ... "Universal Health Care Topic Overview". Gale. 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2022. "Universal health coverage (UHC)". World Health ...
Wil M. P. van der Aalst at DBLP Bibliography Server Wil van der Aalst publications indexed by Google Scholar Homepage Wil van ... and reports on these topics. Books, a selection: van der Aalst, Wil, and Kees Max Van Hee. Workflow management: models, methods ...
An annotated bibliography of student research, linking many of the original papers, is offered. The site serves the research ... The website has grown to include a diverse array of projects on topics such as Puritan gravestones, Nathan Dane, African- ... Under advisor Stephan Thernstrom, his thesis topic was "The Influence of Immigration on the Development of Civic Education in ... In subsequent years PATH switched focus to other historical topics: PATH II (Spring 2001): Maritime History PATH III (Spring ...
"LHG Bibliography: Fiction set in Lewes". 3 December 2018. Archived from the original on 30 August 2019. Retrieved 30 August ... literary and historical topics. Lewes is home to a number of small craft breweries, alongside the renowned Harvey & Son's ...
Matanović 1981, p. 122, n. 2 Bibliography Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1992). The Oxford Companion to Chess (2nd ed.). Oxford ... The Wikibook Chess Opening Theory has a page on the topic of: Centre Pawn Opening Hooper & Whyld (1992), p. 72. Centre Pawn ...
The debates are called in Chinese fu tao yi (復套議) and were the topic of his PhD dissertation. After additional research, mostly ... 366 pp., with glossary, bibliography, maps, and index. ISBN: 0-521-47238-5 (hc)". China Information. 11 (1): 190-193. doi: ...
Bibliography Barnes, James J.; Patience P. Barnes (1987). James Vincent Murphy : Translator and Interpreter of Fascist Europe, ... designed to interest foreigners in scientific and cultural topics. He returned to Berlin in the summer of 1934. He met Rudolf ...
His thesis was on the topic of "Calculation of Tides in the Ocean". He switched to computer science during a stint as a post- ... New York University homepage Short biography Weizmann Institute homepage Profile Amir Pnueli at DBLP Bibliography Server ( ...
After joining a nunnery in 1667, Sor Juana began writing poetry and prose dealing with such topics as love, environmentalism, ... analysis and a bibliography. The Answer applies a valuable gender lens to Sor Juana's writings and life. In their feminist ... analysis and a bibliography. Theresa A. Yugar, a feminist theologian scholar in her own right, wrote her Master's and Doctoral ...
Silverman's selected bibliography is included below, and more detailed descriptions of a number of her books has been provided ... These symposia became the topic of her 2002 book, The Beast on the Table which offers a rich narrative concerning the living ... cultural anthropology and an important force within the community where she organized discussions and symposia around the topic ...
Like the topic itself, they are perforce multi-cultural, but English has been favored, as well as the original languages, ... Below is a brief representative bibliography of published commentaries on Aristotle's Physics available on or through the ... 2-3. For an overview of the topic with some interpretations of Aristotle's vocabulary, see Sachs, Joe. "Motion and its Place in ... The commentaries on every work of Aristotle are a vast and mainly unpublished topic. They extend continuously from the death of ...
ISBN 978-963-219-061-7. Farjon, Aljos (2001) [1998]. World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers (2nd ed.). Royal Botanic ... the exact phylogeny remained a topic that was 'hotly debated", in particular whether the main lineages were best represented by ...
Topics in Feminist Philosophy in Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality. Topics in the Philosophy of Race in Philosophy of ... Topics in African-American Philosophy in African/Africana Philosophy. Topics in the Philosophy of Race in Philosophy of Gender ... Home , New books and articles , Bibliographies , Philosophy journals , About PhilPapers , API , Contact us , Code of conduct ... Philosophy of Gender, Race, and Sexuality , Philosophy of Race , Topics in the Philosophy of Race ...
BibMe lets you easily and automatically create film/online video citations and build your bibliography in American ... How does your topic fit in with this sources publication date? Do you need current information to make your point or do older ... Does the source present one or multiple viewpoints on your topic?. *Does the source present a large amount of information on ... Relevance : Importance of the information to your topic. *Who is the publisher? Is it a non-profit, government agency, or ...
Finding information about the basics of an advanced math topic Yesterday I attended a seminar talk titled "Cluster presentation ... Newest bibliography questions feed Subscribe to RSS Newest bibliography questions feed To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and ... for questions on mathematical bibliography, including citation practices and styles, sources of bibliographic information, and ... I am finalizing the bibliography of an article in ... ...
Browse By Topic. Government and Politics. Citation. The following (as per The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition) is the ... Bibliography. "George Machine Gun Kelly (Barnes)-Summary (1984)," Files, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington, D.C. ...
This bibliography contains selected citations for articles on various topics related to race and Hispanic origin. Topics ... Special Topicsplus icon*Adult Alcohol Use Informationplus icon*List of Topics ...
Some Case Studies of Implementation in the Classroom 4. Using Concept Keyboards and Calculators 5. Using Themes and Topics 6. ...
Location: CTAN Topics Biblio Biblio. This topic contains packages containing a bibliography processor. ... Process bibliographies (bib files) for LaTeX or other formats. ... Bibliography styles and miscellaneous files for pBibTeX.. ...
This bibliography covers private international law or conflict of laws in a broad sense. In particular, it covers judicial or ... Subscribe to this fee journal for more curated articles on this topic ... Private International Law Bibliography, 2017: U.S. and Foreign Sources in English. American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 66 ... This bibliography covers private international law or conflict of laws in a broad sense. In particular, it covers judicial or ...
identify at least 2 resources pertaining to your topic(hypertension).Prepare an annotated bibliography for the resources you ... identify at least 2 resources pertaining to your topic(hypertension).Prepare an annotated bibliography for the resources you ...
Initiative for open bibliographies in Economics. Blog News about RePEc. Help/FAQ Questions about IDEAS and RePEc ... "Topics in Public Economics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521561365, December. ...
Bibliography (if any). Back to top. How to Choose a Topic. *What areas of Sociology interest you? ... Narrow your choice to one or two topics. *Discuss and develop your topic ideas with faculty members who might be good mentors. ... The Table of Contents, the body of your project, and your Bibliography should all begin on odd-numbered pages. ... Would a topic from a class be something you would like to pursue further? ...
Topics: Sergio Leone, Robert De Niro, James Woods, Once Upon a Time in America, Cera una volta in America,.... ... Topics: VHS, VHS Tape, VHS Collection, VHS Tapes, VHS Forever, VHS Collector, VHS Edits, Micromv, Minidv,.... ... Topics: VHS, VHS Tape, VHS Collection, VHS Tapes, VHS Forever, VHS Collector, VHS Edits, Micromv, Minidv,.... ... Topics: friday night videos, 80s, 1983, Friday Night, Late Friday, NBC, Dick Ebersol, music videos, music.... ...
C. Jian, D. Zhekova, H. Shi and J. Bateman, Deep Reasoning in Clarification Dialogues with Mobile robots, in: Proceedings of 19th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI 2010), 2010 ...
... and has written over 100 articles and book chapters on this topic.. Topic #1: Physiological Fate of Asbestos and Vitreous ... BIBLIOGRAPHY. Adamson IYR, DH Bowden. (1990) Pulmonary reaction to long and short asbestos fibers is independent of fibroblast ... Topic #3: Data Gaps The major data gap in demonstrating whether thresholds exist for the effects of short (or for that matter, ... Topic 3: Data gaps.. Data on toxic effects of fibers of one specific length only, without contamination with longer fibers (in ...
Bibliography [‎12]‎. Bibliography as Topic [‎2]‎. Biodiversity [‎18]‎. Bioethical Issues [‎110]‎. Bioethics [‎23]‎. ...
Annotated Bibliography On Donald Trump. Donald Trumps America: An Annotated Bibliography Editorial. "The Mother of All Bombs ... New Topics. American History Art History Music World Literature Jazz Management Change Evolution Engineering Europe Government ...
Annotated Bibliography: Conducting Human Genetics Research. A short bibliography looking at the ethical issues that arise in ... A bibliography of books, online resources, and articles on issues of human subjects and informed consent in research. ... A guide that provides information and resources on teaching responsible conduct of research that focuses on the topic of human ... including relevant guidelines and good articles and readings to gain a better understanding of the topic. ...
Bibliography of synthesis documents on selected coastal ocean topics /. 1994. 49. Bight of the Big Apple. 1981. ... Annotated bibliographies on shoreline hardening effects, vegetative erosion control, and beach nourishment. 1994. ...
Bibliography Generator Dont know how to format the bibliography page in your paper? ... Ooops… We are working hard to deliver guides for this topic. Try another option - send a free inquiry with your topic. Itll ... Analysis Annotated bibliography Application Letters Article review Capstone project Case study Coursework Creative writing ...
Topics will include:. - Adding references and PDFs to a Zotero library. - Organizing and managing references using collections ... Inserting citations and creating a bibliography in Microsoft Word or Google Docs. Participants must sign up for a Zotero ...
Bibliographies of relevant topics are also available.. *Web Site. The web site on Nontraditional Training and Employment ...
James Arnold Crowther Bibliography Last post by LectorRecitator « May 29th, 2023, 8:52 am. Posted in Book Suggestions ... Robert Louis Stevenson Bibliography Last post by LectorRecitator « May 29th, 2023, 8:52 am. Posted in Book Suggestions ... Lionel Cecil Jane Bibliography Last post by LectorRecitator « May 27th, 2023, 9:37 am. Posted in Book Suggestions ... Janko Lavrin Bibliography Last post by LectorRecitator « June 2nd, 2023, 8:20 am. Posted in Book Suggestions ...
Bibliography. *Mose A, Frost S, Öhlund U, Andersen K. Allergic contact dermatitis from octylisothiazolinone. Contact Dermatitis ... Topics A-Z ...
Short bibliography and/or website on lecture topic:. Graf, K. E., I. Buvit (2017) Human Dispersal from Siberia to Beringia: ...
Other user studies are cited in the bibliography [5].. Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs). The librarians who spoke on this ... topic were sceptical. One urged the audience to call them publishers DOIs, although the Director of the International DOI ... Current user research bibliography http://www.lib.muohio.edu/~shocker/mars/bib.html ...
Both tests will be structured on the basis of the topics treated in the lectures and in the bibliography. ... In addition, they engage in structural and communicative exercises focusing on the topics covered. ...
AWOL is the successor to Abzu, a guide to networked open access data relevant to the study and public presentation of the Ancient Near East and the Ancient Mediterranean world, founded at the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago in 1994. Together they represent the longest sustained effort to map the development of open digital scholarship in any discipline ...
Any discussion on the topic of artists of colour in Britain begins here ... A valuable component to any study on British art. ... Recordings: A Select Bibliography of Contemporary African, Afro-Caribbean and Asian British ArtEdited by Melanie Keen and Liz ... of black artists was established at Chelsea College of Art in 1985 and its holdings are now published in this bibliography.. ...
  • A guide that provides information and resources on teaching responsible conduct of research that focuses on the topic of human subjects. (onlineethics.org)
  • ATSDR has invited a cross-section of scientific experts in the fields of toxicology, epidemiology, pulmonology/pathology, and medicine to participate in 12 days of discussions on a variety of topics, including depositional patterns of fibers in the lung and mechanisms of toxic action, the relationship of fiber size to toxicity, irritant effects of fibers, relationships between measured fiber levels and observed adverse health outcomes, and recommendations for future research. (cdc.gov)
  • It aims to work in the communication of science and in the scenario of the great cultural themes of our time, identifying trends and approaching topics specific to knowledge and the dynamics of its cultural, scientific, and technological transformations. (bvs.br)
  • Its editorial line aims to contribute to the debate on today's major scientific topics and attract the attention, especially of new generations of researchers, for a continuous and systematic reflection on these topics. (bvs.br)
  • Saudi medical bibliography : 1981 and 1982 / M. Monir Madkour, Aida J. Kudwah. (who.int)
  • This bibliography contains selected citations for articles on various topics related to race and Hispanic origin. (cdc.gov)
  • It includes books and law journal articles published in English during 2017, or earlier but not included in the 2016 bibliography. (ssrn.com)
  • Results of search for 'ccl=su:{Bibliography. (who.int)
  • The bibliography of the articles found relevant for the review was also screened. (bvsalud.org)
  • The 1993 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Year 2000 data file contains data items on 9 selected topic areas which relate to the Department's (HHS) Year 2000 Health objectives. (cdc.gov)
  • Some questions either in the Year 2000 topic or in the core person data refer to a 2 week time period and some conditions, health status and health care utilization items are known to have seasonal variations in reporting. (cdc.gov)
  • Topics covered include: federal standards for collecting race and Hispanic origin data, information on NHIS survey design and estimation, editing and data processing information for NHIS data, and methodological issues related to the collection of race and Hispanic origin data. (cdc.gov)
  • The specific Year 2000 questionnaire topics and file locations are listed below: Section File Location: YA Environmental Health 336-350 YB Tobacco 351-366 YC Nutrition 367-406 YD Occupational Safety and Health 407-449 YE Heart Disease 450-472 YF Other Chronic and Disabling Conditions 473-478 YG Clinical and Preventive Services 479-504 YH Mental Health 505-510 YJ Oral Health 511-515 2. (cdc.gov)
  • Bibliography management tool. (ctan.org)
  • The second day of the meeting will be devoted to critical assessment of the health effects that can be justifiably attributed to asbestos and vitreous fibers and to identifying critical data gaps and research needs that would further enlighten this subject (Topics #2 and #3). (cdc.gov)
  • As a result, the data on this file might not yield annual estimates similar to that obtained if the Year 2000 topic was fielded for the entire survey year, especially for those variables known to be subject to seasonal variation/reporting. (cdc.gov)
  • identify at least 2 resources pertaining to your topic(hypertension).Prepare an annotated bibliography for the resources you identified. (essayhelp101.com)
  • Other user studies are cited in the bibliography [5] . (ariadne.ac.uk)
  • How does your topic fit in with this source's publication date? (bibme.org)
  • Discuss and develop your topic ideas with faculty members who might be good mentors. (smcm.edu)
  • Discussions on the first day of the meeting will focus on answering questions that pertain to Topic #1, below. (cdc.gov)
  • The special topic data (locations 336-517) 3. (cdc.gov)
  • Process bibliographies (bib files) for L a T e X or other formats. (ctan.org)
  • The Table of Contents, the body of your project, and your Bibliography should all begin on odd-numbered pages. (smcm.edu)
  • What makes the author qualified to write on this topic? (bibme.org)
  • Bibliography formatting with Citation Style Language. (ctan.org)
  • Use this option to import a large number of entries from a bibliography into this category. (philpapers.org)
  • Does the source present a large amount of information on the topic? (bibme.org)
  • The journal is published quarterly, and each issue approaches a topic from the point of view of science, culture, art, and philosophy. (bvs.br)