Betulaceae: A plant family of the order Fagales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. They have simple, serrate, alternate leaves. Male flowers are borne in long, pendulous catkins; the female in shorter, pendulous or erect catkins. The fruit is usually a small nut or a short-winged samara.Alnus: A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE that is distinguished from birch (BETULA) by its usually stalked winter buds and by cones that remain on the branches after the small, winged nutlets are released.Corylus: A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE known for the edible nuts.El SalvadorCentral AmericaHondurasGuatemalaDiarylheptanoids: A group of compounds consisting of two aromatic rings separated by seven carbons (HEPTANES) and having various substituents. The best known member is CURCUMIN.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Republic of Korea: The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Libraries, Digital: Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Anatomy, Comparative: The comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts. (Stedman, 25th ed)IranSesamoid Bones: Nodular bones which lie within a tendon and slide over another bony surface. The PATELLA (kneecap) is a sesamoid bone.Thuja: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE.Newfoundland and Labrador: Province of Canada consisting of the island of Newfoundland and an area of Labrador. Its capital is St. John's.Ponds: Inland bodies of standing FRESHWATER usually smaller than LAKES. They can be man-made or natural but there is no universal agreement as to their exact size. Some consider a pond to be a small body of water that is shallow enough for sunlight to reach the bottom.Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Betula: A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE. The tree has smooth, resinous, varicolored or white bark, marked by horizontal pores (lenticels), which usually peels horizontally in thin sheets.Trypanosoma lewisi: A trypanosome found in the blood of adult rats and transmitted by the rat flea. It is generally non-pathogenic in adult rats but can cause lethal infection in suckling rats.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Vehicle Emissions: Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Parakeets: Common name for one of five species of small PARROTS, containing long tails.TexasIntroduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.AlaskaSeeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Verbesina: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain galegine (GUANIDINES).Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.Moraceae: The mulberry plant family of the order Urticales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. They have milky latex and small, petalless male or female flowers.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Pollen: The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.Natural History: A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.MuseumsMichiganMexican Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.Natural Science Disciplines: The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.Food Preservation: Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.Food Preservatives: Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.Plant Dormancy: The state of failure to initiate and complete the process of growth, reproduction, or gemination of otherwise normal plants or vegetative structures thereof.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Hydrostatic Pressure: The pressure due to the weight of fluid.

Comparative analysis of pollen counts of Corylus, Alnus and Betula in Szczecin, Warsaw and Lublin (2000-2001). (1/18)

The aim of the study was to compare the airborne concentrations of allergenic pollen produced by three early flowering tree taxa (Corylus, Alnus, Betula) in the cities of Warsaw (central Poland), Lublin (eastern Poland) and Szczecin (western Poland) during the years 2000-2001. Measurements were performed by the volumetric method. Pollen seasons were defined as the periods in which 95% of the total catch occurred. The highest concentration and annual pollen count of Corylus was measured in Lublin in both seasons, while the highest annual pollen counts of Alnus and Betula were noted in Warsaw, where the annual pollen count of Betula in 2001 was four times higher than in 2000 and equalled 5,376 grains in m3 per 24 h. Significant differences in the pollen count of the examined taxa were observed between two seasons: the pollen count of Corylus was higher in 2000 than in 2001, while for Alnus and Betula the opposite was the case. The longest pollen seasons were observed at low annual pollen counts for the pollen of Corylus. Results of the study reveal significant differences between the seasons and the cities. The differences concern the dates of the appearance of pollen grains in the air, the duration of the presence of sporomorphs and the maximum concentrations in particular seasons. The pollen counts of alder, birch and hazel trees are determined by the weather, diversity of local flora and specific rhythm of pollination of particular taxa.  (+info)

Bacteria associated with hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) decline are of two groups: Pseudomonas avellanae and strains resembling P. syringae pv. syringae. (2/18)

A total of 118 fluorescent pseudomonads associated with hazelnut decline, which has been occurring for many years in different areas of northern Greece and Italy, were assessed by performing a repetitive PCR analysis with enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus, box element, and repetive extragenic palindromic primer sets, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of whole-cell protein extracts, a carbon compound utilization analysis, and an analysis to determine the presence of the syrB gene. A subset of 53 strains was also characterized by amplified 16S ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) by using nine restriction endonucleases. The virulence of 40 representative strains was assessed by using serial doses. The pathogenic specificities of the strains were also verified. ARDRA carried out with HinfI revealed two main groups of strains, groups A and B, which exhibited a level of similarity of 57%. The other eight restriction endonucleases used did not separate the strains. In addition, a cluster analysis performed by the unweighted pair group method using arithmetic averages after repetitive PCR and SDS-PAGE of protein extracts also revealed the same two groups. Furthermore, the differential utilization of some carbon compounds made it possible to differentiate the groups. Virulence assessment clearly indicated that the group A strains are very virulent, whereas the group B strains proved to be mildly virulent for hazelnut. Group A included the strains isolated in northern Greece and central Italy (i.e., the province of Viterbo); these strains do not have the syrB gene, are pathogenically restricted to Corylus avellana, and belong to Pseudomonas avellanae. Group B includes the other strains obtained from hazelnut cultivated in Piedmont, Campania, Latium, Sicily, and Sardinia. They represent a distinct taxon closely related to Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae.  (+info)

Differences in spatial autocorrelation between four sub-populations of Alnus trabeculosa Hand.-Mazz. (Betulaceae). (3/18)

To investigate the spatial structure of Alnus trabeculosa Hand.-Mazz, we compared three sub-populations at Imaichi in Tochigi Prefecture and one sub-population at Juo in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. A total of 269 trees, covering 0.71 ha in total, were mapped and genetically analyzed using nine enzyme systems encoding 13 isozyme loci. There were no significant differences between the four sub-populations in terms of Na,Ne, H(o), H(e )and F(IS). However, according to spatial autocorrelation analysis, the Juo sub-population, which is younger than the others, showed an aggregation of multilocus genotypes, especially within 25 m radii. In contrast with the Juo sub-population, those in Imaichi showed no clear spatial structuring. In the three Imaichi sub-populations, gametic phase disequilibrium is attributable to heterogeneity of genotype frequencies, but in the Juo sub-population it seems to be due to other factors, connected with the composition of the trees in the sub-population and/or its founder population, gene flow and asexual propagation. To conserve as much as possible of the genes or genotypes in restricted areas, conservation of populations that do not show clear family structures, such as those in Imaichi, would be most effective.  (+info)

Isozyme polymorphisms provide evidence of clinal variation with elevation in Nothofagus pumilio. (4/18)

Variable physical conditions along elevational gradients strongly influence patterns of genetic differentiation in tree species. Here, the hypothesis is tested that different growth forms of Nothofagus pumilio, which characterizes the subalpine forests in the southern Andes, will display continuous genetic variation with elevation. At each of four elevational strips in three different mountain ranges, fresh leaf tissue was sampled from 30 randomly selected individuals to be analyzed by protein electrophoresis. Allelic frequencies were used to test for heterogeneity across populations and to classify populations into different elevational strips by discriminant analysis. The degree of population divergence was estimated by F(ST). Clinical variation on within-population genetic characteristics was analyzed by linear regressions against elevation. Seven enzyme systems coded for 14 putative isozyme loci, 57% of which were polymorphic in at least one population. Allele frequencies significantly varied with elevation and discriminant analysis separated populations at different elevational strips. Among-population divergence within any mountain range was small, but greater than among different mountain ranges. Overall, low-elevation populations were more variable than high-elevation populations, and regression analyses suggested continuous variation in populations of N. pumilio 100 m apart. Marked stepwise phenological differences on mountain slopes are most probably responsible for the isolation of nearby populations.  (+info)

Ecological and genetic effects of cutting in an Alnus trabeculosa Hand.-Mazz. (Betulaceae) population. (5/18)

In order to assess the ecological and genetic effects of cutting, we compared two portions of Alnus trabeculosa population at Yuda (Iwate Prefecture, Japan): one that has been cut about 30 years ago and one that has remained uncut. These portions were compared in terms of the degree of sprouting, genetic variation and gene distribution using isozyme markers. First, we determined the multilocus genotype (MLG) of all ramets, then sorted them into individuals according to the distribution of the MLGs. The average (+/- SE) of largest distance between ramets in one individual was 2.1 (+/- 0.18) m, which is consistent with the distance (2.0 (+/- 0.20) m) obtained by tracing physical connections between ramets. We found no significant differences in genetic variation between the two portions, but there were significant differences in their degree of sprouting. Furthermore, there were striking differences in gene distribution: the cut portion showed greater clustering of individuals with identical genetic components, which may be due to regeneration in the gaps made by cutting, reflecting the location of the mother trees, and seed and pollen dispersal from them.  (+info)

Self-organized origami. (6/18)

In origami, form follows the sequential spatial organization of folds. This requires continuous intervention and raises a natural question: Can origami arise through self-organization? We answer this affirmatively by examining the possible physical origin for the Miura-ori leaf-folding patterns that arise naturally in insect wings, leaves, and other laminae-like organelles. In particular, we point out examples where biaxial compression of an elastically supported thin film, such as that due to differential growth, shrinkage, desiccation, or thermal expansion, spontaneously generates these patterns, and we provide a simple theoretical explanation for their occurrence.  (+info)

Carbon flux and growth in mature deciduous forest trees exposed to elevated CO2. (7/18)

Whether rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations will cause forests to grow faster and store more carbon is an open question. Using free air CO2 release in combination with a canopy crane, we found an immediate and sustained enhancement of carbon flux through 35-meter-tall temperate forest trees when exposed to elevated CO2. However, there was no overall stimulation in stem growth and leaf litter production after 4 years. Photosynthetic capacity was not reduced, leaf chemistry changes were minor, and tree species differed in their responses. Although growing vigorously, these trees did not accrete more biomass carbon in stems in response to elevated CO2, thus challenging projections of growth responses derived from tests with smaller trees.  (+info)

Rising atmospheric CO2 reduces sequestration of root-derived soil carbon. (8/18)

Forests have a key role as carbon sinks, which could potentially mitigate the continuing increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and associated climate change. We show that carbon dioxide enrichment, although causing short-term growth stimulation in a range of European tree species, also leads to an increase in soil microbial respiration and a marked decline in sequestration of root-derived carbon in the soil. These findings indicate that, should similar processes operate in forest ecosystems, the size of the annual terrestrial carbon sink may be substantially reduced, resulting in a positive feedback on the rate of increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration.  (+info)

*Betula pendula

ISBN 1-900347-46-6 online search Govaerts, R. (1996). "Proposal to reject the name Betula alba (Betulaceae)". Taxon. 45: 697- ... is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe it is only found ... Betulaceae". Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences. 9 (1): 31-38. PMID 19284392. Katriina Anttila (2005). "Suomen ...

*Alnus serrulata

"Betulaceae." The Forester's Manual; Or, The Forest Trees of Eastern North America ... 10th ed. Vol. 9. Garden City, NY: ... Alnus serrulata, the hazel alder or smooth alder, is a thicket-forming shrub in the family Betulaceae. It is native to eastern ...

*Alnus jorullensis

Betulaceae)". Rhodora. 81 (826): 151. Retrieved 18 December 2015. Macbride, J.F. (1937). "Betulaceae". Flora of Peru. 13 (2/2 ...

*Root nodule

Betulaceae, Casuarinaceae, and Myricaceae), Rosales (Rhamnaceae, Elaeagnaceae and Rosaceae).[16] Actinorhizal symbioses account ...

*Joseph Decaisne

Betulaceae); Dipterygium (Capparidaceae); Brassaiopsis, Cuphocarpus*, Dendropanax*, Didymopanax*, Fatsia*, Oreopanax*, ...

*Diarylheptanoid

They have been reported from plant in 10 different families, e.g. Betulaceae and Zingiberaceae. A diarylheptanoid is an ... Betulaceae). Acerogenin M can be found in Acer nikoense (Sapindaceae). Jugcathayenoside and (+)-galeon can be found in the root ...

*Fossil flora of Kızılcahamam district

Betulaceae Alnus sp. Betula luminifera aff. Carpinus miocenica Sapindaceae † Acer angustilobum † Acer tribolatum Anacardiaceae ...

*Reveal system

Betulaceae family 2. Corylaceae family 2. Stylocerataceae family 3. Ticodendraceae order 3. Myricales family 1. Myricaceae ...

*Alnus acuminata

Family 49, Betulaceae. In Burger, W. (Ed.), Flora Costaricensis. Fieldiana, Bot. 40: 56-58. Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. ... Alnus acuminata is a species of deciduous tree in the Betulaceae family. It is found in montane forests from central Mexico to ...

*Betula utilis

"Betulaceae Betula jacquemontii Spach". International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 10 June 2010. Chauhan, Narain Singh (1999). ...

*Sistema APG III - Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre

Betulaceae Gray. *Casuarinaceae R.Br.. *Fagaceae Dumort.. *§Juglandaceae DC. ex Perleb (inclui Rhoipteleaceae Hand.-Mazz.) ...

*List of culinary fruits

Betulaceae) American pawpaw (Asimina triloba; Annonaceae) American persimmon (Diospyros virginiana; Ebenaceae) American plum ( ...

*APG III system

Betulaceae Gray Casuarinaceae R.Br. Fagaceae Dumort. §Juglandaceae DC. ex Perleb (including Rhoipteleaceae Hand.-Mazz.) ...

*Система APG IV - Википедия

Betulaceae Gray, nom. cons.. *Casuarinaceae R.Br., nom. cons.. *Fagaceae Dumort., nom. cons. ...

*APG IV system

L.D.Gomez Betulaceae Gray, nom. cons. Cucurbitales Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl Apodanthaceae Tiegh. ex Takht. * Anisophylleaceae ...

*Fagales

Betulaceae, Corylaceae, Fagaceae, Ticodendraceae; Corylaceae now being included within Betulaceae); this arrangement is ... The families and genera currently included are as follows: Betulaceae - birch family (Alnus, Betula, Carpinus, Corylus, Ostrya ...

*Strathcona Fiord

Betulaceae), and katsura (Cercidiphyllum). Analysis of nearby fossil leaf sites from central Ellesmere Island of the same age ...

*List of MeSH codes (B06)

... betulaceae (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.137.500 --- alnus (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.137.750 ...

*Chimabachinae

Larvae feed on Betulaceae, Rosaceae and Ericaceae species. They eat the developing leaves, flowers and fruits. They also roll ...

*Ticodendron

It is most closely related to the family Betulaceae. It was discovered only in 1989 in Costa Rica, having been overlooked ...

*APG IV-systemet, den frie encyklopædi

Betulaceae Gray, nom. cons.. *Cucurbitales Juss. ex Bercht. & J.Presl *Apodanthaceae Tiegh. ex Takht. * ...

*Coryloideae

Betulaceae From The Pliocene And Pleistocene Of Southwest Alabama, Southeastern United States. Review Of Palaeobotany And ... Coryloideae is a subfamily in the woody angiosperm family Betulaceae, commonly known as the birch family, and consists of four ... While the division of the extant members of the Betulaceae into six genera is uncontroversial, the placement of these genera ... A few authors have divided the genera into two families, the Betulaceae (Alnus, Betula) and Corylaceae (Carpinus, Ostrya, ...

*Betula halophila

... is a species of plant in the Betulaceae family. It is endemic to China. World Conservation Monitoring Centre ( ...

*Genkwanin

Betulaceae)". Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 33 (7): 749-752. doi:10.1016/j.bse.2004.10.005. UmiKalsom, Yusuf; Harborne, ...

*Betula browicziana

... is a species of plant in the Betulaceae family. It is found in Georgia and Turkey. Güner, A. 1998. Betula ...
APHOTOFLORA - Photographic Stock Image Library Page for Carpinus betulus - Hornbeam (Betulaceae Images). A-P-H-O-T-O - Furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography.
Abstract. Natural populations of Carpinus orientalis Mill. Shrub lands occur mainly in high and middle altitudes of the Hyrcanian forests, N. Iran, particularly on steep rocks and forest outcrops. There are some discrepancies on the intra-specific delimitation of this important woody species. The aim of the current study was to examine the anatomical variation of stems and leaves of sixteen populations of Carpinus orientalis collected in four north and northeastern provinces of Iran for the first time. Also this study show that anatomical characters of stem showed the highest correlation to climatic factors include temperature, altitude and precipitation and midrib anatomical characters did not show any relationship.
Berendsohn, W. G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2009. Nova silva cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L. Englera 29(1): 1-438 ...
Miyamoto Naoko , Kuramoto Noritsugu , Hoshi Hiroshi Journal of forest research 6(4), 247-251, 2001 CiNii 外部リンク 機関リポジトリ 参考文献28件 被引用文献1件 ...
Some facts about the birch tree are that it belongs to the family Betulaceae, there are over 60 species of it around the world and its a medium-sized tree that can grow between 30 and 50 feet in...
The successful applicant will determine the impact of protozoa on virulence traits of bacteria. In addition predation is predicted to increase with increasing global temperatures, resulting in stronger selective pressure for the evolution of defensive traits. We will develop an understanding of the impact increased grazing pressure has on bacteria so we are better able to predict new, emerging pathogens or increased disease potential of known pathogens as climate changes ...
The belief that Lophiomys is poisonous has long been current in Kenya [2,5,6]. Of particular interest is a tract of hairs that are of unique structure. We have confirmed the suggestion that this tract of hairs can acquire toxic properties and we assert here that they, together with other specialized behavioural, morphological and anatomical adaptations, have led to a powerful defence, highly unusual for a mammal. Flaring of the fur is triggered by external interference or attack on the animal, whereupon white and black banding of the longer hairs on either side of the lateral line effects outlines of the tract in a bold white and black target design. An aggravated rat pulls its head back into its shoulders and turns its flared tract towards its adversary as if actively soliciting an attack. This display may or may not be accompanied by vocalizations.. A complex of defensive traits in the crested rat would have evolved against natural predators; however, most reliable observations about their ...
Article IEST updates recommended practices to reflect leading-edge methods. New developments covered in Recommended Practices revised recently by the Contamination Control Division of IEST include a test method for characterizing outgassed organic co...
The breakthrough open access journalzine delivering leading-edge research, interviews, data, and information aimed at pushing the boundaries of existing healthcare systems and transforming the future of human health.
The breakthrough open access journalzine delivering leading-edge research, interviews, data, and information aimed at pushing the boundaries of existing healthcare systems and transforming the future of human health.
Residents. Kaweah Delta Health Care District provides leading-edge health services to patients from all over Tulare County. Visit today!
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The North Eastern region of India is undergoing industrial development at a faster rate than expected. Roads form the main system of transportation and communication owing to the hilly topography of the region. Automobiles discharge a number of gaseous and trace metal contaminants. Human activities like stone grinding, road construction and sand milling also increase the atmospheric dust and heavy metal contaminant level. These contaminants get settled on leaf surfaces at roadsides and enter in contact with phylloplane microorganisms. This study compares microorganisms on leaf surfaces of alder (Alnus nepalensis (Betulaceae)) on roadside and non-roadside environments. Two sites dominated by alder were selected. One at a busy road intersection on the National Highway no. 44 in Shillong with high traffic density (8000-9000 heavy vehicles/day), taken as the polluted site and the other one in a forest approximately 500 m away from the roadside considered as the unpolluted site. Analysis of ...
Buy Corylus Avellana - Hazel hedging plants from our nursery in Essex, UK. Hazel tree hedging plants are a common hedgerow plant often cultivated for its hazelnuts. Browse the Corylus Avellana plants we have for sale online.Corylus Avellana - Hazel Bar
Terra Nova National Park, Newfoundland. Sandy Pond. Trail on "far side" of pond. Near pond edge. August 1, 2011. [Digital - John Maunder ...
Find Red Dragon Corkscrew Hazelnut (Corylus avellana Red Dragon) in Mechanicsburg Harrisburg Dillsburg Camp Hill Pennsylvania PA at Ashcombe Farm & Greenhouses (Red-Leaved Contorted Hazelnut, European Filbert)
The common names of hazelnut or filbert include species belonging to the genus Corylus(tribe Coryleae, family Betulaceae). The importance and distribution of this plant have been dealt with in...
Botanical Name : Betula nigra Family: Betulaceae Genus: Betula Subgenus: Neurobetula Species: B. nigra Kingdom: Plantae Order:Fagales Synonyms: Betula americana
Botanical Name: Betula alleghaniensis Family: Betulaceae Genus: Betula Subgenus: Betulenta Species: B. alleghaniensis Kingdom: Plantae Division: Angiosperms
white birch: Any of several species of ornamental and timber trees of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae. The trees are native to cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere and have white,...
Using Biological Monitoring to Detect Climate Change Effects: A Classification of Bioindicators. Britta Bierwagen, Susan Julius Global Change Research Program, NCEA/ORD/EPA Michael Barbour, Jeroen Gerritsen, Anna Hamilton, Mike Paul Tetra Tech, Inc. Slideshow 525256 by kaz
Given their position at the very bottom of the marine food chain, increased toxicity of plankton could have a knock-on effect on the entire food web, including food consumed by humans. Source: Climate Change Effect: Global Warming Could Increase Toxic Mercury In Plankton
Proteoid roots, also known as cluster roots, are plant roots that form clusters of closely spaced short lateral rootlets. They may form a two- to five-centimetre-thick mat just beneath the leaf litter. They enhance nutrient uptake, possibly by chemically modifying the soil environment to improve nutrient solubilisation.[1] As a result, plants with proteoid roots can grow in soil that is very low in nutrients, such as the phosphorus-deficient native soils of Australia.. They were first described by Adolf Engler in 1894, after he discovered them on plants of the family Proteaceae growing in Leipzig Botanic Gardens. In 1960, Helen Purnell examined 44 species from ten Proteaceae genera, finding proteoid roots in every genus except Persoonia; she then coined the name "proteoid roots" in reference to the plant family in which it was known to occur.[2] Proteoid roots are now known to occur in 27 different Proteaceae genera, plus around 30 species from other families, including Betulaceae, ...
The effects of soil incorporated lime and K on the concentrations of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Cu, B and Zn in the leaves of filbert trees (Corylus aveliana L. cv Barcelona) were investigated. One year old filbert trees of uniform size were grown in Laurelwood clay loam (L) and Jory silt clay loam (J) in five-gallon plastic pots. The L soil was high in exchangeable K, while soil J was low in exchangeable K as determined by soil tests. Lime treatments were made to bring the initial pH of each soil up to pH 6.6 and 7.1 respectively. Potassium treatments were calculated to bring the soil test levels to intermediate and high levels. Lime significantly increased the leaf concentration of K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, and Zn and decreased that of P, Mn, and B. Potassium treatments resulted in a significant increase in the leaf concentration of K, Mn, and a decrease in P, Mg, and Cu, but had no effect on the concentration of Fe, B, Zn and N. There were highly significant linear relationships between applied lime ...
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A deciduous, bushy hedging plant which responds well to trimming. Hazel produces edible nuts in late winter/ early spring. Native to UK. Characteristics Flower Colour: yellow catkins Foliage Colour: green, turning to yellow in autumn Approx. Gro
Phosphorus inputs to agriculture and their fate in the environment contribute to poor water quality and degradation of linked ecosystem services at great cost to society. Climate change is likely to alter the forms and timings of P fluxes from land to water and their ecological impact, the effects of which are uncertain and need to be considered to inform future catchment management for eutrophication control. The P transfer continuum is an established conceptual model that we propose as a suitable framework to consider the potential effects of climate change on catchment P transfer. Consideration of this continuum suggests that predicted changes in temperature and precipitation will likely increase P transfer and associated eutrophication costs in some regions. Further research should examine climate change effects on each tier of the continuum to inform the necessary land management adaptations and transformations to ensure future food system P efficiency and resilience.. ...
This study covers climate changes effects on surface water availability from precipitation and temperature changes. It does not take into account any withdrawals of groundwater that will be needed during droughts to support the estimated 50 percent or more increase in Arizonas population by 2050.. "These estimates are conservative," said Jaeger, who conducted the study with co-authors Julian Olden and Noel Pelland of the University of Washington. The study is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.. The researchers used a rainfall runoff model, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), which incorporates the study basins elevation, terrain, soil, land use, vegetation coverage, and both current and future climate data, including precipitation and temperature.. "Its a hydrological model that routes water received from precipitation through the landscape, a portion of which eventually becomes streamflow in the river," Jaeger said. "We partitioned the watershed into ...
My general research focus on size dependent predatory and competitive interactions within and between fish species and how these, together with abiotic factors, affect the size structure, density, production and dynamics of fish populations and fish communities. More specifically, present main research approaches focus on how fish populations, fish communities and ecosystems are affected by climate change and fisheries. The climate change research integrates studies of abiotic factors and its impact on biotic processes, focusing on identifying mechanisms and thresholds of climate change effects on fish production and ecosystem productivity. Key aspects of this research are how temperature, light availability and concentrations of terrestrial organic carbon affect productivity, resource use and energy pathways in aquatic food webs, from algae and bacteria at the base of the food web, through intermediate consumers (zooplankton and macroinvertebrates) to top consumers like fish.. The research on ...
Climate change is expected to not only raise water temperatures, but also to cause brownification of aquatic ecosystems via increased inputs of terrestrial dissolved organic matter. While efforts have been made to understand how increased temperature and brownification separately influence aquatic food webs, their interactive effects have been less investigated. Further, although climate change effects on aquatic ecosystems likely will propagate to terrestrial consumers via changes in aquatic insect emergence, this has rarely been studied. We investigated the effect of climate change on aquatic insect emergence, in a large-scale outdoor pond facility where 16 sections - each containing natural food webs including a fish top-consumer population - were subjected to warming (3 degrees C above ambient temperatures) and/or brownification (by adding naturally humic stream water). Aquatic insect emergence was measured biweekly over 18weeks. We found no effect of warming or brownification on total ...
Risk analysis is particularly difficult in the context of environmental hazards - scientists have come up with a new, simplified risk model that might help.. Any risk analysis involves an assessment of a systems vulnerabilities, and how probable it is that a hazard will occur. Researchers have put together a simple probabilistic risk analysis tool particularly useful for predictions of climate change effects on vegetation. It has been used to examine the risk of drought in European forests, recently (1971 to 2000) and in the future (2071 to 2100).. Risk is a product of vulnerability - drought versus non-drought productivity of vegetation, in this case - and probability - of a drought, which is increasing in Southern Europe but decreasing farther north. The model looks at the uncertain effects of certain environmental variables on any given ecosystem variable. The model can be adjusted to different levels or thresholds of environmental variable hazard. Implementing the model in the case of ...
Sortnamn: Robinsoniana. Höjd: 20 cm. Färg: Ljusblå. Blomtid: Juli-September. Läge: Sol-Halvskugga. Växtsätt: Marktäckande. Förökning: Genom att dela rotsystemet. ...
The weather was unseasonably wet and cold, thanks to the changing climate which gave farmers smaller crops than expected. This is something that happens, bad years are normal for any sort of agriculture for a variety of reasons. Still, climate change is making weather patterns unpredictable meaning that normal methods that farmers might employ for mitigating the damage are not always able to be done in time. We probably wont see any real impact to our beloved taters unless this continues for a few more years, which it might because, as Im sure youre aware, climate change is very real. Although we may not see another bad year for potatoes, its just as likely that we will see more. ...
Ilaria Nardello, Russell W. Poole, Heather Cannaby, Caroline Cusack, Ciar OToole, Chris Lynam, Sinan Y. Husrevoglu, Joe Silke, Guy Westbrook, Leonie Dransfeld, Ken Whelan and G. Nolan ...
The description and analysis of chemical defense mechanisms across insects, mainly in lepidopteran and coleopteran herbivores, initiated the search for general trends in the taxonomic distribution and evolution of such mechanisms. Research using empirical and manipulative tests on predator-prey systems, computational modeling, and phylogeny-based approaches has identified sequential steps in the evolution of prey defensive traits as well as plant-insect interactions (e.g., [8, 14, 85-90]). However, nearly all such studies, even when they embrace multitrophic interactions at once, focus explicitly or implicitly on (dis)advantages as well as evolutionary sequences and consequences of visual prey signals. In this context, there is good evidence that the evolution of aposematism is accompanied by an increased diversification of lineages, as shown by paired sister-group comparisons in insects and other animal taxa [91]. Further, chemical adaptation (unpalatability) preceded morphological (warning ...
Non-native plants introduced to new habitats can have significant ecological impact. In many cases, even though they interact with the same community of potential herbivores as their new native competitors, they regularly receive less damage. Plants produce secondary metabolites in their leaves that serve a range of defensive functions, including resistance to herbivores and pathogens. Abiotic factors such as nutrient availability can influence the expression of defensive traits, with some species exhibiting increased chemical defense in low-nutrient conditions. Plants in the genus Lonicera are known to produce a diverse array of these secondary metabolites, yet non-native Lonicera species sustain lower amounts of herbivore damage than co-occurring native Lonicera species in North America. In this study, we searched for evidence of biochemical novelty in non-native species, and quantified its association with resistance to herbivores. In order to achieve this, we evaluated the phenolic and iridoid
CORYLUS DISEASES Crown gall caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens causes formation of roundish, warty-looking galls on the lower stem near ground le...
Number of records. 2. Countries. Georgia. Associated organism. Corylus avellana (leaf). Literature. Nakhutsrishvili (1986) page(s) 622. ...
Fifteen percent of all outpatient prescriptions collected included at least one injection. Injections were prescribed either as one-off injectable analgesics, antispasmodics or anti-emetics or a complete 5-day course of injectable antibiotics administered on an outpatient basis. The proportion of general population that reported receiving an injection or IV infusion in the last 3 months was also high (19%). The average number of injections per capita per year was calculated to be 2 per person per year and since immunizations are done almost exclusively by government vaccinators, this estimate applies to therapeutic, non-insulin injections only. This estimate is higher than would reasonably be expected among similar populations in countries with well-developed health care systems and reflects the tendency of prescribers in the Northern Areas to overuse injectable drugs for disease conditions that can be managed just as well with oral alternatives. At the same time, this estimate of 2.3 injections ...
Systematica joins URBANA, the conference on urban realm organised by the Department of Sociology of Università di Milano Bicocca, and held in Milan from 4th till 7th of May 2017. URBANAs main statement is the following: contemporary cities are the place where different people live, move and use urban assets.. In line with the main topic of the meeting, Systematica delivered a speech hinged on the following two main topics: mobilitys improvements undertaken in Milan during the last decade, and; mobility changes effects on the distribution of resident and working population throughout the Milanese metropolitan area. The speech delivered by Systematica considers also the so-called new urban population, that has been recently growing more and more; in particular a focus is dedicated to foreigners, youngsters and elder population*.. Systematicas involvement in URBANA confirms once more the commitment of the company to researching and delivering new approaches and solutions for the ...
In a paper, recently published in the ASCE Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, Dan M. Frangopol and You Dong propose a framework to aid the optimal adaptation of residential buildings considering climate change effects in a life-cycle context.
In This Issue: EcoTrends Project comes of age; Evaluating performance of the Network Office; LTER Decadal Plan-Where are we now?; Call for proposals for LTER Working Groups ; LTER sites to get direct broadcast satellite data; Factors affecting the success of Collaboration at a distance; Publicizing your research results-The LINX experience: Long-Term Soil Observatories team up ; NSF-Looking back, reflecting on the future; Alaska fire sparks new research at Arctic LTER; Andrews Forest REUs study soil and climate change effects …[as]…others go wireless; FCE LTER website gets new look; Andrews. ...
Witch hazel is an herb renowned for its medicinal activity. Tannin is a chemical compound in this plant that plays vital role in treating various skin ailments.. Apart from using it topically, you can use witch hazel internally to treat various diseases. Its bark, leaves and twigs are used to make medicine. Assorted nutrients residing in witch hazel plant reduces itching, swelling, inflammation and enhances healing minor injuries.. Unlike other beauty care products, this herbal remedy is inexpensive and can be available at local drug store. Get it and apply it over affected part with cotton ball and the healing process starts.. ...
You should consider including Witch Hazel into your daily skincare regime as it has many proven benefits for skin. Many herbalists recommend Witch Hazel for skin problems due to its efficacy and effective results.
KNOWN HISTORY: Limited profile 3/2/17 Unaltered Female, Owner surrender (Over 2 years in the previous home) Previously lived with: 2 Adults, 1 child, cats and another dog. Behavior toward strangers: Shy Behavior toward children: Unknown Behavior toward dogs: Friendly with her housemate, did not get along with dogs outside the home (details of behaviors or interactions were not provided) Behavior toward cats: Love to chase the cats and sometime plays rough with them. Resource guarding: Unknown Bite history: None reported Housetrained: Unknown Energy level/descriptors: Other notes: Hazel was trained to bark and growl on command (see profile for more details). This has likely increased Hazels anxiety and we do not recommend continuing use of this command. SAFER ASSESSMENT: 3/4/17 Look:2. Dogs eyes are averted. Her body posture is fearful, trembles and her tail is low and not moving. She allows head to be held loosely in Assessors cupped hands. Sensitivity:2. Dog stands still and accepts the ...
Get Witch Hazel Glycerin Cleansing Pads Coupon Card by print, email or text and save up to 23% off Witch Hazel Glycerin Cleansing Pads at the pharmacy. Coupons, discounts, and promos updated 2017.
The reduction or loss of interbreeding (gene flow, sharing of mutations) between the sub-populations results in different evolutionary responses within the separated sub-populations, each then responds independently to their different ecological challenges and opportunities, and this leads to divergence of hereditary traits between the subpopulations and the frequency of their distributions within the sub-populations.. Over generations, these different responses accumulate into differences between the hereditary traits available within each of the daughter populations, and when these differences have reached a critical level, such that interbreeding no longer occurs, then the formation of new species is deemed to have occurred. After this "event" each daughter population evolves independently of the other/s.. An additional observable result of speciation is a branching of the genealogical history for the species involved, where two or more offspring species are each independently descended from ...
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Why witch hazel aftershave is a better choice? Know its benefits, why you need it everyday at home and why apply extra care when using it. [LEARN MORE]
Our Hazel circle lenses will lighten your eyes to create a warm shade of dark gold, making it easier to create a mesmerizing result.
Querida Hazel. Está dodói né? Pode ficar calminha que eu estou aqui para cuidar de você. Primeiro, vamos o médico para passar o remédio. Quando chegarmos em casa, vamos nanar que ficará tudo bem.
Properties of the Zagreb indices of pseudo-regular graphs are established, with emphasis on the Zagreb indices inequality. The relevance of the results obtained for the theory of nanomolecules is pointed out.
Industry leaders in advanced foundry technology and wireless products and services intend to team up to drive mobile product innovation, , , , LAS VEGAS - GLOBALFOUNDRIES, a leading provider of advanced s...
THE RULES: The McCains own 13 cars, eight homes and have access to a corporate jet. If you were as insanely rich as them, where would your eight homes be and why?. The only rule is: The homes must be within the borders of the country you live in, so as to utterly emulate the McCains.. When youre done, tag 8 people, so that they may join in the self-indulgence, forgetting about the crappy property market and the equivalent of The End of Pompeii on Wall-Street. You could spend your time hammering your doors and windows shut in preparation for the Apocalypse, but this meme is so much more fun!. I cant think of 8 places lets see how many I can come up with. 1st.I want two houses in the northern areas of pakistan, one near kashmir area and the second a little lower than that can be at murree or nathiagali.. ...
A repeat performance is on the cards weather-wise this weekend as another sub-tropical low moves in. Yet again the rain may be 50/50 for some northern areas
The Younger Futhark are the runes of the Northern areas of Europe. These were the runes of the Viking Era. They come after the Elder Futhark which is Germannic in origin, just one of the many articles and rituals on SpellsOfMagic.com
The northern area of the Casas Grandes Medio Period (A.D. 1200-1450) was not well known archaeologically. 76 Draw is on the border of the Casas Grandes and Salado (A.D. 1275-1450) regions and the nature of interaction and ...
for baby acne? Lo is now 4wks and yesterday we was supposed to have a professional photo shoot taken but couldnt have it done as lo has acne all...
As one who is exposed to new product innovations as a regular course of business, Ive seen my fair share cool gear and smart solutions thatll make the rigors of daily life, well, that much less rigorous. From leading-edge technology to
CFHA is a member-based, member-driven organization dedicated to making integrated behavioral and physical health the standard of care nationally. CFHA promotes models of integrated healthcare that are comprehensive and cost-effective through the integration of mind and body, individual and family, patients, providers and communities. CFHA achieves this mission through education, training, partnering, consultation, research and advocacy. We host a leading-edge conference every year, provide technical assistance services, provide forums for our members to share their knowledge, and create original content to disseminate evidence based knowledge. .
The definitive endodontics reference, Cohens Pathways of the Pulp is known for its comprehensive coverage of leading-edge information, materials, and techniques. It examines all aspects of endodontic care, from preparing the clinician and patient fo
At Medilodge of Tawas City , our comprehensive wound care program includes a wide range of leading-edge therapies and treatments. To know more, schedule a tour with us!
Kontron is a global leader in embedded computing technology. With more than 30% of its employees in R&D, Kontron creates many of the standards that drive the worlds embedded computing platforms. Kontrons product longevity, local engineering, support, and value-added services helps to create a sustainable and viable embedded solution for OEMs and system integrators. Kontron works closely with its customers, resulting in an improved overall application with leading-edge, highly-reliable embedded technology ...
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They had each cut a great hazel stick for a riding-whip, and laid it on a little too hard; But I took it in good part, till at last I thought we had enough, so I stopped two or three times by way of a hint. How...More... ...
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The depletion of petroleum reserves and the high level of pollution caused by fossil fuels have led to enhancing renewable energy and fuel production from biomass. Eucalyptus globulus and Nothofagus pumilio residues could constitute an interesting source of biomass for second generation biofuel production. Lenga residues were pretreated with the ionic liquid (IL) 1-N-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (C2mimCl), followed by subsequent fermentation using both the strategy of Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation (SSF) as well as Separate Hydrolysis and Fermentation (SHF). The SHF process yielded 0.134 g ethanol/g glucose (26.3 wt-% of the theoretical yield) compared to the SSF process which yielded 0.173 g ethanol/g glucose (33.9 wt-% of the theoretical yield) within the first 24 h of fermentation. In case of Eucalyptus residues, another IL, 1-N-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate (C2minOAc) was applied. The SSF process was applied for a period of three days. As a result, 3.7 g ethanol/L ...
Hornbeams are hardwood trees in the flowering plant genus Carpinus in the birch family Betulaceae. The 30-40 species occur across much of the temperate regions of the northern hemisphere. The common English name hornbeam derives from the hardness of the woods (likened to horn) and the Old English beam "tree" (cognate with German Baum). The American hornbeam is also occasionally known as blue-beech, ironwood, or musclewood, the first from the resemblance of the bark to that of the American beech Fagus grandifolia, the other two from the hardness of the wood and the muscular appearance of the trunk, respectively. The botanic name for the genus, Carpinus, is the original Latin name for the European species. Though some botanists[according to whom?] grouped them with the hazels (Corylus) and hop-hornbeams (Ostrya) in a segregated family, Corylaceae, modern botanists place the hornbeams in the birch subfamily Coryloideae.[citation needed] Hornbeams are small to medium-sized trees, Carpinus betulus ...
Higher temperatures. More extreme weather events. These are some of the expected impacts of climate change. Along with these changes, we will see wide-ranging and mostly negative consequences for human health. Climate change has been linked to many public health problems-everything from increased waterborne diseases due to warmer waters and more flooding - to a rise in asthma cases. In a recent podcast on Climate Changes Effect on Public Health, the World Health Organization (WHO) says climate change is the defining public health threat of the 21st century and estimates that 150,000 people die annually due to climate change. The San Francisco Department of Public Health, City and County of San Francisco created the diagram above that illustrates the health impact of climate change.. Health Impacts of Climate Change. The George Mason Program on Climate and Health, in partnership with the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI), recently released a report titled Views of ...
Low temperatures in the Arctic have through geological times caused a build-up of carbon (C) in the soil while carbon dioxide (CO2) has been removed from the atmosphere, because ecosystem respiration (ER) has been exceeded by the photosynthesis (GEP). Increasing air temperature, as occurring in current years, is likely to increase ER due to increased decomposition and increased substrate input e.g. due to permafrost thaw. If GEP is left unchanged and decomposition of old C from the soil is occurring this might result in an increase of the emission of CO2 to the atmosphere probably resulting in further warming. This PhD thesis addresses different aspects of climate change effects on C dynamics in the Arctic. The focus has been on i) changes in ER, age of the C sources, GEP and the net ecosystem exchange (NEE) in response to long- and short-term climate manipulations and ii) comparisons of CO2 fluxes and organic nutrient utilization between ecosystems occurring from different latitudes and ...
Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the main microorganism responsible for the fermentation of wine. Nevertheless, in the last years wineries are facing new challenges due to current market demands and climate change effects on the wine quality. New yeast starters formed by non-conventional Saccharomyces species (such as S. uvarum or S. kudriavzevii) or their hybrids (S. cerevisiae x S. uvarum and S. cerevisiae x S. kudriavzevii) can contribute to solve some of these challenges. They exhibit good fermentative capabilities at low temperatures, producing wines with lower alcohol and higher glycerol amounts. However S. cerevisiae can competitively displace other yeast species from wine fermentations, therefore the use of these new starters requires an analysis of their behaviour during competition with S. cerevisiae during wine fermentation. In the present study we analyzed the survival capacity of non-cerevisiae strains in competition with S. cerevisiae during fermentation of synthetic wine must at different
3a. Corylus cornuta subsp. cornuta Beaked hazel Corylus cornuta var. megaphylla Victorin & J. Rousseau; C. rostrata Aiton. Shrubs , open spreading, to (4--)6 m. Bark light brown, smooth. Branches ascending; twigs glabrous to sparsely pubescent, without glandular hairs. Winter buds containing inflorescences ovoid, 3--5 × 3--4 mm, apex acute. Leaves: petiole glabrous to moderately pubescent, without glandular hairs. Leaf blade ovate to obovate or narrowly elliptic, often nearly angular and lobulate near apex, 5--12 × 3.5--9 cm, base narrowly cordate to narrowly rounded, margins coarsely and often irregularly doubly serrate, apex usually distinctly acuminate; surfaces abaxially glabrous to moderately pubescent, usually pubescent on major veins and in vein axils. Inflorescences: staminate catkins usually in clusters of 2--3, 4.5--6 × 0.5--0.8 cm; peduncles mostly 0.5--2 mm. Nuts in clusters of 2--6; involucral tubular beak long, narrow, 2--3(--4) times length of nuts, densely bristly. 2 n = 22, ...
You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library. The Hazel Green herald: n. Thursday, November 11, 1897. The Hazel Green herald: n. Thursday, November 11, 1897. The Hazel Green herald. 300dpi TIFF G4 page images Spencer Cooper, Hazel Green, KY 1897 haz1897111101 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. The Hazel Green herald: n. Thursday, November 11, 1897. The Hazel Green herald. Spencer Cooper, Hazel Green, KY 1897 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. r THE HAZEL GREEN HERALDEstablished March 4 1S85 Made Famous in tho Story aT Jonathan and Ills ...
You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library. The Hazel Green herald: n. Thursday, May 2, 1901. The Hazel Green herald: n. Thursday, May 2, 1901. The Hazel Green herald. 300dpi TIFF G4 page images Spencer Cooper, Hazel Green, KY 1901 haz1901050201 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. The Hazel Green herald: n. Thursday, May 2, 1901. The Hazel Green herald. Spencer Cooper, Hazel Green, KY 1901 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. hIEITIAZF3L J bREEN HERALDh ORellhr tI SIXTEENTH YEAR HAZEL GREEN WOLFE COUNTY KENTUCKY THURSDAY MAY 2 1901 NUMBER ...
Salvia nemorosa Sensation White | Order meadow sage plants | Compact deer resistant perennial for sun | Bright white flower spikes | Blooms early summer
Salvia nemorosa - Wesuwe with its redish purple blossom makes a wonderful border plant. It like mois well drained soil and blooms throughout the summer months,
Learn to make DIY witch hazel and DIY witch hazel toner! Witch hazel cleanses skin of germs and bacteria, soothes inflammation, and is a great astringent.
Red Bayberry Extract/ Waxberry Extract/ Myricaceae Extract powderIntroduction of Red Bayberry Extract :Myricetin is a naturally occurring flavonol&am...
A small measurement window (horizontal×vertical=25 mm×50 mm), making full use of the CCD resolution while properly containing all LEV elements, was quantified via DSPIV in a water tank (length×width×depth=600 mm×400 mm×400 mm). The electromechanical system was mounted on a positioning translation system (the translating direction was perpendicular to the laser-sheet) on the top of the tank, and thus it was possible to measure at different spanwise locations without displacing the DSPIV apparatus. The initial positions of the wing (denoted a, b, c in Fig. 2A) were well adjusted, ensuring the spanwise direction of the wing to be perpendicular to the laser-sheet at given stroke phase (0.125T, 0.25T and 0.375T).. A 3 mm thick laser-sheet was created by a dual-pulse Nd-Yag laser system (maximum of 200 mJ pulse-1, LABest, Beijing, China). Two CCD cameras (1080 pixels×1920 pixels, Red Lake, San Diego, CA, USA) with the close-up lenses (Micro Nikkor 105 mm f/2.8, Nikon, Tokyo, Japan) on ...
Common witch hazel, also called winterbloom, is a flowering shrub native to the forest margins, woodlands and stream banks of eastern North America. It is characterized by its fragrant, gold-colored flowers, which tend to grow in late fall and continue to expand throughout winter.. Despite its somewhat sinister name, witch hazel is a plant of considerable medicinal value and has been pressed, boiled, and steamed for human usage for centuries. The American Indians were particularly fond of witch hazel and used it to treat swelling and inflammation. Even the Food and Drug Administration, which is not known for being kind to natural remedies, approved the plant as a non-prescription drug ingredient.. Though witch hazel can treat internal conditions such as sore throats, it is best known for treating external skin conditions due to its proven astringent properties.. ...
Livingat tree view page, gives an hierarchical view of the taxonomic tree.Windflower or Wood anemone [Anemone nemorosa] a sign of early spring. Look at the structure at the petals
Heavy rains, flooding and malaria A changing climate, even a warming climate, does not directly translate into greater malaria transmission.[i] Lafferty and Mordecai explain that we need a need "a greater appreciation for the economic and environmental factors driving infectious diseases," as these have their own impact on transmission.[ii] Climate change effects occur in parallel to "changes such as land conversion, urbanization, species assemblages, host movement, and demography." This wider ecological understanding is needed to "predict which diseases are most likely to emerge where, so that public health agencies can best direct limited disease control resources." As the WHO framework for malaria elimination stresses, [iii] "Most countries have diverse transmission intensity, and factors such as ecology, immunity, vector behaviour, social factors and health system characteristics influence both the diversity of transmission and the effectiveness of tools, intervention packages and strategies ...
The main climate change connection is via the basic instability of the low-level air that creates the convection and thunderstorms in the first place. Warmer and moister conditions are the key for unstable air. The oceans are warmer because of climate change.. The climate change effect is probably only a 5 to 10 percent effect in terms of the instability and subsequent rainfall, but it translates into up to a 33 percent effect in terms of damage. (It is highly nonlinear, for 10 percent it is 1.1 to the power of three = 1.33.) So there is a chain of events, and climate change mainly affects the first link: the basic buoyancy of the air is increased. Whether that translates into a supercell storm and one with a tornado is largely chance weather." ...
At the beginning of the summer, while the sun was shining and students were mostly on vacation, I started working more closely with signatory schools on climate resilience planning. We are trying to make the complex process to "increase resilience" in the Climate & Resilience Commitments, broken down into manageable segments for campus Implementation Liaisons and community partners. I felt good about my efforts and was working on a deadline to prepare materials for the fall semester. We were empowering campuses to identify climate hazards and become future thinking planners who were addressing inequity through community-based partnerships. In this vision, colleges will eventually be very prepared to not only survive but thrive, when the worst of climate change effects "start" taking place.. A few weeks later, while sitting in my comfortable home in Boston, I listened, watched, and read with dismay as stories of the damage wrought by earthquakes, one hurricane, and then more hurricanes rolled in, ...
Changes in the Arctic are unprecedented with global implications. The UK in particular will feel climate change effects sooner and more significantly, and...
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People with hazel eyes are generally thought of as having quite upbeat, fun-loving, spontaneous characters. These people enjoy mischief and adventure, and become bored if there is little to entertain them. If youre after a good time then youll want someone with hazel eyes around, as typically theyre adaptable, courageous and even rather sensual. One word of warning would be that you should try not to cross them, as people with hazel eyes can have quite a fiery temper ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about witch hazel at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about witch hazel easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
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Baby Hazel Leg Injury is a free girl game online at MaFa.Com. You can play Baby Hazel Leg Injury in full-screen mode in your browser without any annoying AD.
It looks like not a good day for Baby Hazel. Darling Baby Hazel got hurt on her knee and is crying with pain. Did her leg get fractured? Can you be with our …
Animal Farm lyrics by Hazel Oconnor: {Words & Music: Hazel OConnor} / The c*** it crowed Its morning the donkey said Ee-aw / The
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Baby Hazel is getting a new baby brother named Matt! She wants all of her friends to see her adorable new baby! Hazel has been learning all about the world fo
Dammarane-type triterpenoids (DTT) widely distribute in various medicinal plants. They have generated a great amount of interest in the field of new drug research and development. Generally, DTT are the main bioactive ingredients abundant in Araliaceae plants, such as Panax ginseng, P. japonicas, P. notoginseng, and P. quinquefolium. Aside from Araliaceae, DTT also distribute in other families, including Betulaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Meliaceae, Rhamnaceae, and Scrophulariaceae. Until now, about 136 species belonging to 46 families have been reported to contain DTT. In this article, the genus classifications of plant sources of the botanicals that contain DTT are reviewed, with particular focus on the NMR spectral features and pharmacological activities based on literature reports, which may be benefit for the development of new drugs or food additives.
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Instructions for use: Glide the applicator brush from the heart of the lips to the corners 7ml/ 0.23 fl. Oz. Ingredients: Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil, Synthetic Wax, Tridecyl Trimellitate, Hydroxystrearic/Linolenic/Oleic Polyglycerides, Diisostearyl Malate, Methyl Hydrogenated Rosinate, Hydrogenated Polyisobutene, Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate, Polyethylene, Butyl Methoxydibenzoylmethane, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter, Stearalkonium Hectorite, Corylus Avellana (Hazel) Seed Oil, Parfum / Fragrance, C20-40 Acid, Tocopherol, Ci 77891 / Titanium Dioxide, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Ethylhexyl Palmitate, Propylene Carbonate, Geraniol, Rosa Centifolia Flower (Wax) Cera, Rosa Damascena Flower (Wax) Cera, Trihydroxypalmitamidohydroxypropyl Myristyl Ether, Citronellol, Alumina, Aluminum Stearate, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Mica, Citric Acid, Silica Dimethyl Silylate, Benzyl Benzoate, Bht, Butylene Glycol, Caprylyl Glycol, Ci 75470 / Carmine, Eugenol, Phenoxyethanol, Citral, Sodium Hyaluronate,
Vegetation and landscape effects on nutrient cycling and greenhouse gas emissions from high-arctic ecosystems, Land-use change effects on net (sources and sinks) greenhouse gas emissions, Modeling of biogeochemical processes (e.g. carbon and nitrogen cycling) in terrestrial ecosystems, Quantifying forest structural and forest management impacts on carbon storage, Impacts of land-use history on contemporary ecosystem dynamics, and Net greenhouse gas emissions from bioenergy crop production.. ...
Hawkmoths are considered important, and in some cases obligate, pollinators for plants in many families [10]. There are relatively few direct, experimental demonstrations of their roles in pollen transfer, however, many of the relationships having been deduced from observations of visits and from examination of pollen on the insects mouthparts (as reviewed in [13, 16]). Experimental studies of species of Solanaceae and Convolvulaceae have demonstrated that hawkmoths are involved in pollination of predominant selfers [19-21]. The GUS and antibiotic-resistance marker genes, which have already found use in pollination biology for field studies of gene dispersal [22-24] and to examine pollen-tube growth [25], provide an additional tool for such investigations, permitting confirmation of the acceptance of exogenous pollen and evaluation of the relative contributions of pollinators to seed set.. The manner in which Manduca species handle flowers in the field is not different from their behavior in ...
0046] Preferred plants to be used for making non-human transgenic organisms according to the present invention are all dicotyledonous or monocotyledonous plants, algae or mosses. Advantageous plants are selected from the group of the plant families Adelotheciaceae, Anacardiaceae, Asteraceae, Apiaceae, Betulaceae, Boraginaceae, Brassicaceae, Bromeliaceae, Caricaceae, Cannabaceae, Convolvulaceae, Chenopo- diaceae, Crypthecodiniaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Ditrichaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Ericaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Geraniaceae, Gramineae, Juglandaceae, Lauraceae, Leguminosae, Linaceae, Prasinophyceae or vegetable plants or ornamentals such as Tagetes. Examples which may be mentioned are the following plants selected from the group consisting of: Adelotheciaceae such as the genera Physcomitrella, such as the genus and species Physcomitrella patens, Anacardiaceae such as the genera Pistacia, Mangifera, Anacardium, for example the genus and species Pistacia vera [pistachio], Mangifer indica [mango] or ...
An acute tick-borne rickettsiosis caused by Rickettsia heilongjiangensis was diagnosed in 13 patients from the Russian Far East in 2002. We amplified and sequenced four portions of three rickettsial genes from the patients' skin biopsy results and blood samples and showed that the amplified rickettsial genes belong to R. heilongjiangensis, which was recently isolated from Dermacentor sylvarum ticks in nearby regions of China. This rickettsia, belonging to subgroup of R. japonica, was previously suggested to be pathogenic for humans on the basis of serologic findings. We tested serum samples with different rickettsial antigens from 11 patients and confirmed increasing titers of immunoglobulin (Ig) G and IgM to spotted fever group rickettsiae, including R. heilongjiangensis. Clinical and epidemiologic data on these patients show that this disease is similar to other tick-borne rickettsioses.

Betulaceae - WikipediaBetulaceae - Wikipedia

Betulaceae, the birch family, includes six genera of deciduous nut-bearing trees and shrubs, including the birches, alders, ... The Betulaceae are believed to have originated at the end of the Cretaceous period (about 70 million years ago) in central ... In the past, the family was often divided into two families, Betulaceae (Alnus, Betula) and Corylaceae (the rest). Recent ... According to molecular phylogeny, the closest relatives of the Betulaceae are the Casuarinaceae, or the she-oaks.[3] ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betulaceae

Tropicos | Name - !!Betulaceae GrayTropicos | Name - !!Betulaceae Gray

Betulaceae. In: W.D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O.M. Montiel (eds.). Fl. Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. ...
more infohttp://www.tropicos.org/Name/42000064?tab=references&langid=66

Tropicos | Name - !!Betulaceae GrayTropicos | Name - !!Betulaceae Gray

Betulaceae. In: W.D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O.M. Montiel (eds.). Fl. Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. ...
more infohttp://tropicos.org/Name/42000064?tab=references

Betulaceae in Flora of China @ efloras.orgBetulaceae in Flora of China @ efloras.org

Betulaceae. In: Kuang Ko-zen & Li Pei-chun, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 21: 44-137.. ... Betulaceae Gray 桦木科 hua mu ke Authors: Pei-chun Li & Alexei K. Skvortsov Trees or shrubs deciduous, monoecious. Stipules ... Because of evolutionary divergence within the Betulaceae, the family has often been divided into tribes (i.e., Betuleae, ...
more infohttp://efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=10101

Family Betulaceae - Alder, Birch & Hornbeam - North American Insects & SpidersFamily Betulaceae - Alder, Birch & Hornbeam - North American Insects & Spiders

Family Betulaceae - Alder, Birch & Hornbeam. Family Betulaceae - Alder, Birch & Hornbeam. Tree Encyclopedia , Trees Index. This ... Family Betulaceae - Alder, Birch, Hornbeam The birches have long been popular ornamental trees in North America, chiefly in the ... Betulaceae belongs to an ancient lineage, traceable in the fossil record to the upper Cretaceous. They are easily distinguished ... The group is sometimes divided into two families, Betulaceae ( Alnus and Betula ) and Corylaceae (Carpinus , Ostrya , Corylus ...
more infohttps://www.cirrusimage.com/trees_Betulaceae.htm

Betulaceae: Facts, Discussion Forum, and Encyclopedia ArticleBetulaceae: Facts, Discussion Forum, and Encyclopedia Article

Birch is a tree or shrub of the genus Betula , in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. The ... In the past, the family was often divided into two families, Betulaceae (Alnus, Betula) and Corylaceae (the rest); however, ... Ostryopsis is a small genus of two species of deciduous shrubs belonging to the birch family Betulaceae. The species have no ... The genus is usually placed in the birch family Betulaceae, though some botanists split the hazels into a separate family ...
more infohttp://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Betulaceae

CiNii 論文 - 
 		
 		
 			
 		 	
 		 		
 		 			Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Alnus hirsuta (Betulaceae) in Korea
...CiNii 論文 - Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Alnus hirsuta (Betulaceae) in Korea ...

Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Alnus hirsuta (Betulaceae) in Korea * * Huh Man Kyu HUH Man Kyu ... Demography of a clonal shrub, Alnus incana ssp.rugosa (Betulaceae) Amer. HUENNEKE L. R. ... The systematics of the American spesies of Alnus (Betulaceae). FURLOW J. J. ... The systematics of the American species of Alnus (Betulaceae). FURLOW J. J. ...
more infohttp://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/10004490963

Betulaceae in A Checklist for the South China Botanical Garden, Guangzhou, Guangdong 
Province, P. R. China @ efloras.orgBetulaceae in A Checklist for the South China Botanical Garden, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, P. R. China @ efloras.org

Betulaceae Gray 桦木科 Betulaceae. Betula mandshurica. Credit: Xiangying Wen Description from Flora of China. Trees or shrubs ... Betulaceae. In: Kuang Ko-zen & Li Pei-chun, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 21: 44-137.. (Authors: Li Peiqiong (李沛琼 Li Pei- ... Because of evolutionary divergence within the Betulaceae, the family has often been divided into tribes (i.e., Betuleae, ...
more infohttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=610&taxon_id=10101

Carpinus betulus - Hornbeam (Betulaceae Images)Carpinus betulus - Hornbeam (Betulaceae Images)

Betulaceae Images). A-P-H-O-T-O - Furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography. ... Carpinus betulus - Hornbeam (Betulaceae Images). Scroll down and rollover titles to change screen image or click on title to ...
more infohttp://www.aphotoflora.com/af_carpinus_betulus_hornbeam.html

Commons:Featured pictures/Plants - Wikimedia CommonsCommons:Featured pictures/Plants - Wikimedia Commons

2.17.1 Family : Betulaceae. *2.17.2 Family : Casuarinaceae. *2.17.3 Family : Fagaceae ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Commons:Featured_pictures/Plants/Flowers

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at AustinLady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin

Betulaceae (Birch Family). USDA Symbol: ALSE2. Image Information. Photographer: Wasowski, Sally and Andy. City: Asheville. ...
more infohttps://www.wildflower.org/gallery/result.php?id_image=21214

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at AustinLady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - The University of Texas at Austin

Betulaceae (Birch Family). USDA Symbol: BEPA. Image Information. Photographer: Vick, Albert F. W.. State: PA. Accession date: ...
more infohttps://www.wildflower.org/gallery/result.php?id_image=3041

Comparative Anatomy of Carpinus orientalis Mill. (Betulaceae) Populations in Iran.Comparative Anatomy of Carpinus orientalis Mill. (Betulaceae) Populations in Iran.

Phylogeny of Carpinus and subfamily Coryloideae (Betulaceae) based on chloroplast and nuclear ribosomal sequence data. J Syst ... Betulaceae) Populations in Iran., پژوهشنامه مدیریت اجرایی, 1(1), pp. 45-54. doi: 10.22080/jgr.2015.1123 ... Betulaceae) Populations in Iran.". پژوهشنامه مدیریت اجرایی, 1, 1, 1393, 45-54. doi: 10.22080/jgr.2015.1123 ... Betulaceae) Populations in Iran.. پژوهشنامه مدیریت اجرایی, 1393; 1(1): 45-54. doi: 10.22080/jgr.2015.1123 ...
more infohttp://journals.umz.ac.ir/article_1123.html

Ostrya carpinifolia Scop. (fam. Betulaceae) a Ficuzza (Monti Sicani, provincia di Palermo): note ecologiche e demografiche<...Ostrya carpinifolia Scop. (fam. Betulaceae) a Ficuzza (Monti Sicani, provincia di Palermo): note ecologiche e demografiche<...

Betulaceae) a Ficuzza (Monti Sicani, provincia di Palermo): note ecologiche e demografiche. / Sala, Giovanna; La Mantia, ... Betulaceae) a Ficuzza (Monti Sicani, provincia di Palermo): note ecologiche e demografiche. NATURALISTA SICILIANO, 39/1, 73-76 ... Betulaceae) a Ficuzza (Monti Sicani, provincia di Palermo): note ecologiche e demografiche, NATURALISTA SICILIANO, vol. 39/1, ... Betulaceae) a Ficuzza (Monti Sicani, provincia di Palermo): note ecologiche e demografiche. NATURALISTA SICILIANO. 2015;39/1:73 ...
more infohttps://pure.unipa.it/en/publications/ostrya-carpinifolia-scop-fam-betulaceae-a-ficuzza-monti-sicani-pr

Digital Flora of Newfoundland and Labrador. Betulaceae: Birch Family. Open Image Dossier.Digital Flora of Newfoundland and Labrador. Betulaceae: Birch Family. Open Image Dossier.

Betulaceae: Birch Family Always under construction! Please check back periodically. Page created December 2, 2001. Page last ... Navigate this Page - "Betulaceae: Birch Family":. Alnus glutinosa. Alnus incana ssp. rugosa. Alnus viridis ssp. crispa. Betula ...
more infohttp://digitalnaturalhistory.com/flora_betulaceae_index.htm

Root nodule - WikipediaRoot nodule - Wikipedia

Betulaceae, Casuarinaceae, and Myricaceae), Rosales (Rhamnaceae, Elaeagnaceae and Rosaceae).[16] Actinorhizal symbioses account ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Root_nodule

Influence of roadside pollution on the phylloplane microbial community of Alnus nepalensis (Betulaceae)Influence of roadside pollution on the phylloplane microbial community of Alnus nepalensis (Betulaceae)

... Influence of roadside ... This study compares microorganisms on leaf surfaces of alder (Alnus nepalensis (Betulaceae)) on roadside and non-roadside ...
more infohttp://www.kerwa.ucr.ac.cr/handle/10669/26872

SEINet Portal NetworkWeb-Key        Idaho Fall Flora - List 1SEINet Portal NetworkWeb-Key Idaho Fall Flora - List 1

Development of SEINet, Symbiota, and several of the specimen databases have been supported by National Science Foundation Grants (DBI 9983132, BRC 0237418, DBI 0743827, DBI 0847966 ...
more infohttp://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/ident/key.php?clid=2647&pid=4&taxon=All+Species

SEINet Portal NetworkWeb-Key        Tumacácori National Historical ParkSEINet Portal NetworkWeb-Key Tumacácori National Historical Park

Development of SEINet, Symbiota, and several of the specimen databases have been supported by National Science Foundation Grants (DBI 9983132, BRC 0237418, DBI 0743827, DBI 0847966 ...
more infohttp://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/ident/key.php?cl=2530&proj=1&taxon=All+Species

A Guide to the Ellen Schulz Quillin Papers, 1924-1968A Guide to the Ellen Schulz Quillin Papers, 1924-1968

"II, Juglandaceae, Salicaceae, Betulaceae, Lagaceae" (cover title) 29. [Unlabeled loose material] 30. Juglandaceae, Myricaceae, ...
more infohttp://www.lib.utexas.edu/taro/drtsa/00022/00022-P.html

white birch | tree group | Britannica.comwhite birch | tree group | Britannica.com

... in the family Betulaceae. The trees are native to cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere and have white,... ... White birch, any of several species of ornamental and timber trees of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae. The trees are ... Betulaceae. Birch family of flowering plants, usually placed in the order Fagales; some authorities, however, have placed the ... ornamental, shade, and timber tree of the family Betulaceae, native to northern and central North America. ...
more infohttps://www.britannica.com/plant/white-birch

Patent US6635287 - Anti proliferative preparations - Google PatentsuchePatent US6635287 - Anti proliferative preparations - Google Patentsuche

Betulaceae. Deciduous & fruit trees & shrubs. Gooseberry. Saxifragaceae. Deciduous & fruit trees & shrubs. Gourd. Cucurbitaceae ...
more infohttp://www.google.de/patents/US6635287
  • The Betulaceae is classified in the division Magnoliophyta , class Magnoliopsida, order Fagales. (encyclopedia.com)