A plant family of the order Fagales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. They have simple, serrate, alternate leaves. Male flowers are borne in long, pendulous catkins; the female in shorter, pendulous or erect catkins. The fruit is usually a small nut or a short-winged samara.
A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE that is distinguished from birch (BETULA) by its usually stalked winter buds and by cones that remain on the branches after the small, winged nutlets are released.
A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE known for the edible nuts.
A group of compounds consisting of two aromatic rings separated by seven carbons (HEPTANES) and having various substituents. The best known member is CURCUMIN.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
A plant genus of the family BETULACEAE. The tree has smooth, resinous, varicolored or white bark, marked by horizontal pores (lenticels), which usually peels horizontally in thin sheets.
A plant genus of the family Oleaceae. The olive fruit is the source of olive oil.
A chemical process for separating the components of a liquid mixture by boiling and collecting condensed vapors.
A common genetically determined, chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by rounded erythematous, dry, scaling patches. The lesions have a predilection for nails, scalp, genitalia, extensor surfaces, and the lumbosacral region. Accelerated epidermopoiesis is considered to be the fundamental pathologic feature in psoriasis.
A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell, especially a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
Common name for one of five species of small PARROTS, containing long tails.
The comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Nodular bones which lie within a tendon and slide over another bony surface. The PATELLA (kneecap) is a sesamoid bone.
A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE.
Province of Canada consisting of the island of Newfoundland and an area of Labrador. Its capital is St. John's.
Inland bodies of standing FRESHWATER usually smaller than LAKES. They can be man-made or natural but there is no universal agreement as to their exact size. Some consider a pond to be a small body of water that is shallow enough for sunlight to reach the bottom.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
A trypanosome found in the blood of adult rats and transmitted by the rat flea. It is generally non-pathogenic in adult rats but can cause lethal infection in suckling rats.
Gases, fumes, vapors, and odors escaping from the cylinders of a gasoline or diesel internal-combustion engine. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
An extensive order of highly specialized insects including bees, wasps, and ants.
A plant genus of the family MORACEAE. It is the source of the familiar fig fruit and the latex from this tree contains FICAIN.
Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.
Constituent of the 60S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 28S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican descent.
The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.
The mulberry plant family of the order Urticales, subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida. They have milky latex and small, petalless male or female flowers.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.

Comparative analysis of pollen counts of Corylus, Alnus and Betula in Szczecin, Warsaw and Lublin (2000-2001). (1/18)

The aim of the study was to compare the airborne concentrations of allergenic pollen produced by three early flowering tree taxa (Corylus, Alnus, Betula) in the cities of Warsaw (central Poland), Lublin (eastern Poland) and Szczecin (western Poland) during the years 2000-2001. Measurements were performed by the volumetric method. Pollen seasons were defined as the periods in which 95% of the total catch occurred. The highest concentration and annual pollen count of Corylus was measured in Lublin in both seasons, while the highest annual pollen counts of Alnus and Betula were noted in Warsaw, where the annual pollen count of Betula in 2001 was four times higher than in 2000 and equalled 5,376 grains in m3 per 24 h. Significant differences in the pollen count of the examined taxa were observed between two seasons: the pollen count of Corylus was higher in 2000 than in 2001, while for Alnus and Betula the opposite was the case. The longest pollen seasons were observed at low annual pollen counts for the pollen of Corylus. Results of the study reveal significant differences between the seasons and the cities. The differences concern the dates of the appearance of pollen grains in the air, the duration of the presence of sporomorphs and the maximum concentrations in particular seasons. The pollen counts of alder, birch and hazel trees are determined by the weather, diversity of local flora and specific rhythm of pollination of particular taxa.  (+info)

Bacteria associated with hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) decline are of two groups: Pseudomonas avellanae and strains resembling P. syringae pv. syringae. (2/18)

A total of 118 fluorescent pseudomonads associated with hazelnut decline, which has been occurring for many years in different areas of northern Greece and Italy, were assessed by performing a repetitive PCR analysis with enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus, box element, and repetive extragenic palindromic primer sets, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of whole-cell protein extracts, a carbon compound utilization analysis, and an analysis to determine the presence of the syrB gene. A subset of 53 strains was also characterized by amplified 16S ribosomal DNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) by using nine restriction endonucleases. The virulence of 40 representative strains was assessed by using serial doses. The pathogenic specificities of the strains were also verified. ARDRA carried out with HinfI revealed two main groups of strains, groups A and B, which exhibited a level of similarity of 57%. The other eight restriction endonucleases used did not separate the strains. In addition, a cluster analysis performed by the unweighted pair group method using arithmetic averages after repetitive PCR and SDS-PAGE of protein extracts also revealed the same two groups. Furthermore, the differential utilization of some carbon compounds made it possible to differentiate the groups. Virulence assessment clearly indicated that the group A strains are very virulent, whereas the group B strains proved to be mildly virulent for hazelnut. Group A included the strains isolated in northern Greece and central Italy (i.e., the province of Viterbo); these strains do not have the syrB gene, are pathogenically restricted to Corylus avellana, and belong to Pseudomonas avellanae. Group B includes the other strains obtained from hazelnut cultivated in Piedmont, Campania, Latium, Sicily, and Sardinia. They represent a distinct taxon closely related to Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae.  (+info)

Differences in spatial autocorrelation between four sub-populations of Alnus trabeculosa Hand.-Mazz. (Betulaceae). (3/18)

To investigate the spatial structure of Alnus trabeculosa Hand.-Mazz, we compared three sub-populations at Imaichi in Tochigi Prefecture and one sub-population at Juo in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. A total of 269 trees, covering 0.71 ha in total, were mapped and genetically analyzed using nine enzyme systems encoding 13 isozyme loci. There were no significant differences between the four sub-populations in terms of Na,Ne, H(o), H(e )and F(IS). However, according to spatial autocorrelation analysis, the Juo sub-population, which is younger than the others, showed an aggregation of multilocus genotypes, especially within 25 m radii. In contrast with the Juo sub-population, those in Imaichi showed no clear spatial structuring. In the three Imaichi sub-populations, gametic phase disequilibrium is attributable to heterogeneity of genotype frequencies, but in the Juo sub-population it seems to be due to other factors, connected with the composition of the trees in the sub-population and/or its founder population, gene flow and asexual propagation. To conserve as much as possible of the genes or genotypes in restricted areas, conservation of populations that do not show clear family structures, such as those in Imaichi, would be most effective.  (+info)

Isozyme polymorphisms provide evidence of clinal variation with elevation in Nothofagus pumilio. (4/18)

Variable physical conditions along elevational gradients strongly influence patterns of genetic differentiation in tree species. Here, the hypothesis is tested that different growth forms of Nothofagus pumilio, which characterizes the subalpine forests in the southern Andes, will display continuous genetic variation with elevation. At each of four elevational strips in three different mountain ranges, fresh leaf tissue was sampled from 30 randomly selected individuals to be analyzed by protein electrophoresis. Allelic frequencies were used to test for heterogeneity across populations and to classify populations into different elevational strips by discriminant analysis. The degree of population divergence was estimated by F(ST). Clinical variation on within-population genetic characteristics was analyzed by linear regressions against elevation. Seven enzyme systems coded for 14 putative isozyme loci, 57% of which were polymorphic in at least one population. Allele frequencies significantly varied with elevation and discriminant analysis separated populations at different elevational strips. Among-population divergence within any mountain range was small, but greater than among different mountain ranges. Overall, low-elevation populations were more variable than high-elevation populations, and regression analyses suggested continuous variation in populations of N. pumilio 100 m apart. Marked stepwise phenological differences on mountain slopes are most probably responsible for the isolation of nearby populations.  (+info)

Ecological and genetic effects of cutting in an Alnus trabeculosa Hand.-Mazz. (Betulaceae) population. (5/18)

In order to assess the ecological and genetic effects of cutting, we compared two portions of Alnus trabeculosa population at Yuda (Iwate Prefecture, Japan): one that has been cut about 30 years ago and one that has remained uncut. These portions were compared in terms of the degree of sprouting, genetic variation and gene distribution using isozyme markers. First, we determined the multilocus genotype (MLG) of all ramets, then sorted them into individuals according to the distribution of the MLGs. The average (+/- SE) of largest distance between ramets in one individual was 2.1 (+/- 0.18) m, which is consistent with the distance (2.0 (+/- 0.20) m) obtained by tracing physical connections between ramets. We found no significant differences in genetic variation between the two portions, but there were significant differences in their degree of sprouting. Furthermore, there were striking differences in gene distribution: the cut portion showed greater clustering of individuals with identical genetic components, which may be due to regeneration in the gaps made by cutting, reflecting the location of the mother trees, and seed and pollen dispersal from them.  (+info)

Self-organized origami. (6/18)

In origami, form follows the sequential spatial organization of folds. This requires continuous intervention and raises a natural question: Can origami arise through self-organization? We answer this affirmatively by examining the possible physical origin for the Miura-ori leaf-folding patterns that arise naturally in insect wings, leaves, and other laminae-like organelles. In particular, we point out examples where biaxial compression of an elastically supported thin film, such as that due to differential growth, shrinkage, desiccation, or thermal expansion, spontaneously generates these patterns, and we provide a simple theoretical explanation for their occurrence.  (+info)

Carbon flux and growth in mature deciduous forest trees exposed to elevated CO2. (7/18)

Whether rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations will cause forests to grow faster and store more carbon is an open question. Using free air CO2 release in combination with a canopy crane, we found an immediate and sustained enhancement of carbon flux through 35-meter-tall temperate forest trees when exposed to elevated CO2. However, there was no overall stimulation in stem growth and leaf litter production after 4 years. Photosynthetic capacity was not reduced, leaf chemistry changes were minor, and tree species differed in their responses. Although growing vigorously, these trees did not accrete more biomass carbon in stems in response to elevated CO2, thus challenging projections of growth responses derived from tests with smaller trees.  (+info)

Rising atmospheric CO2 reduces sequestration of root-derived soil carbon. (8/18)

Forests have a key role as carbon sinks, which could potentially mitigate the continuing increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and associated climate change. We show that carbon dioxide enrichment, although causing short-term growth stimulation in a range of European tree species, also leads to an increase in soil microbial respiration and a marked decline in sequestration of root-derived carbon in the soil. These findings indicate that, should similar processes operate in forest ecosystems, the size of the annual terrestrial carbon sink may be substantially reduced, resulting in a positive feedback on the rate of increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration.  (+info)

APHOTOFLORA - Photographic Stock Image Library Page for Carpinus betulus - Hornbeam (Betulaceae Images). A-P-H-O-T-O - Furthering environmental awareness and education through the medium of photography.
Birch tar oil (also known as Oleum Rusci, Oleum Betulae Albae, Oleum Betulae Empyreumaticum, Pix Liquida Betulae, etc.) is obtained by the destructive distillation of the wood and bark of this species and also of the closely related Betula pubescens Ehrh. This tar oil has been used in external preparations for treating eczema, psoriasis and other chronic skin diseases (Todd 1967). It may also be used as a fragrance raw material. Opdyke (1973) reported that no irritating, sensitising, nor phototoxic properties could be demonstrated when birch tar oil was applied to mouse, rabbit, or human skin. However, Schwartz (1934) notes that occasional individuals may develop hypersensitivity to this material. Birch bud oil is a fragrance raw material distilled from the leaf buds of B. alba (Arctander 1960).. The wood has been reported to cause dermatitis (Duke 1927), and this was confirmed by patch testing. Howes (1951) has also observed contact dermatitis from this species. Hanslian & Kadlec (1966) list ...
Abstract. Natural populations of Carpinus orientalis Mill. Shrub lands occur mainly in high and middle altitudes of the Hyrcanian forests, N. Iran, particularly on steep rocks and forest outcrops. There are some discrepancies on the intra-specific delimitation of this important woody species. The aim of the current study was to examine the anatomical variation of stems and leaves of sixteen populations of Carpinus orientalis collected in four north and northeastern provinces of Iran for the first time. Also this study show that anatomical characters of stem showed the highest correlation to climatic factors include temperature, altitude and precipitation and midrib anatomical characters did not show any relationship.
Berendsohn, W. G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2009. Nova silva cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 1: Angiospermae - Familias A a L. Englera 29(1): 1-438 ...
Examining environmental and management effects on crop quality draws on plant-defense theories of chemical ecology as well as the related area of secondary metabolite chemistry. According to plant-defense theories, plants are continuously exposed to a plethora of abiotic and biotic stresses in their environment such as pathogens, herbivores, and ultraviolet radiation. As sessile organisms, plants can not protect themselves from these stress factors through movement and have evolved secondary metabolites as defense compounds to protect themselves from various abiotic and biotic stresses (Fraenkel, 1959; Feeny, 1976; Coley et al., 1985; Harborne, 1993) such as mediating interactions with pathogens and other organisms (Piasecka et al., 2015). Some secondary metabolites also serve as signal compounds to attract pollinating and seed-dispersing animals (Wink, 2015). Unlike primary metabolites (e.g. carbohydrates, lipids, proteins) that are ubiquitous across the plant kingdom for their crucial role in ...
Bøkeordenen (Fagales) er en orden av blomsterplanter som omfatter mange av de mest kjente løvtrærne. Artene er løvfellende eller eviggrønne busker og trær. De enkjønnede blomstene er samlet i blomsterstander som kalles rakler. Nesten alle er sambu og vindpollinerte. Frukten har bare ett frø. Den opprinnelige frukttypen er en samara, som spres med vinden. Nøtter, som spres med dyr, er utviklet minst sju ganger innen ordenen. I Cronquist-systemet omfattet ordenen fem familier: Balanopaceae, Ticodendraceae, bøkefamilien (Fagaceae), sydbøkfamilien (Nothofagaceae) og bjørkefamilien (Betulaceae). Hasselfamilien (Corylaceae) ble ofte skilt ut fra bjørkefamilien, og Ticodendraceae ble ikke oppdaget før i 1989. I nyere systematikk er jerntrefamilien (Casuarinaceae) flyttet hit fra Casuarinales, valnøttfamilien (Juglandaceae) og Rhoipteleaceae fra Juglandales og porsfamilien (Myricaceae) fra Myrtales. Balanopaceae er derimot flyttet til Malpighiales. I APG III-systemet er Rhoipteleaceae ...
However, this trait is not the only … A troublesome pest for a birch tree is the Birch Leaf Miner (Fenusa pusilla) . This is a common feature of birches. Eco Tree Company Tree Diseases. In a mycorrhizal association, the fungus … Beech bark disease comes as a two-part attack. It is a plant rich in leaves and shrubs that belongs to the Betulaceae, a family ... Birch mother tincture … In an event in the Eastern United States and Canada in the 1930s and 1940s, no causal agent was found, but the wood-boring beetle, the bronze birch borer, was implicated in the severe damage and death of the tree that often followed.In similar crown dieback occurrences in … A mysterious disease is striking American beech trees. How to Prune a Birch Tree. However, these trees are notoriously short-lived and tend to start declining after reaching about 40 or 50 feet in height. As such, yellowing leaves at the top of birch trees is usually the first symptom of a bronze birch borer infestation. A database that ...
Any of the deciduous shrubs and trees of the genus Alnus in the birch family (Betulaceae). There are approximately 30 species of alder, with 10 in the United States. Alders are widespread in cool north temperate regions and are also found southward ...
Birch (Betula) - a genus of deciduous trees of the Birch family (Betulaceae), is widespread in the Northern Hemisphere, is one of the most common tree species and has more
Miyamoto Naoko , Kuramoto Noritsugu , Hoshi Hiroshi Journal of forest research 6(4), 247-251, 2001 CiNii 外部リンク 機関リポジトリ 参考文献28件 被引用文献1件 ...
Some facts about the birch tree are that it belongs to the family Betulaceae, there are over 60 species of it around the world and its a medium-sized tree that can grow between 30 and 50 feet in...
Ostrya japonica and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Call us at 1 315 4971058. Ostrya japonica Japanese Hophornbeam is a species of tree in the Betulaceae family growing to 25 m tall. It is native to Japan , Korea and China .
In nature, plants engage in a never-ending battle to avoid being eaten. Unable to run away, plant species have evolved defenses to deter herbivores; they have spines, produce nasty chemicals, or grow tough leaves that are difficult to chew. For years, scientists have assumed that herbivores and plants are locked into evolutionary competition in which a plant evolves a defense, the herbivore evolves a workaround, and so on.. New research led by the University of Utah challenges this paradigm of an evolutionary arms race.. The study analyzed multiple species of Inga, a genus of tropical trees that produces defensive chemicals, and their various insect herbivores. The researchers found that closely-related plants evolved very different defensive traits. Additionally, their analysis revealed that herbivores may drive evolution of plant defenses, but may not show coevolutionary adaptations. Instead, they may chase plants based on the herbivores own traits at the time they encounter a new ...
The successful applicant will determine the impact of protozoa on virulence traits of bacteria. In addition predation is predicted to increase with increasing global temperatures, resulting in stronger selective pressure for the evolution of defensive traits. We will develop an understanding of the impact increased grazing pressure has on bacteria so we are better able to predict new, emerging pathogens or increased disease potential of known pathogens as climate changes ...
The belief that Lophiomys is poisonous has long been current in Kenya [2,5,6]. Of particular interest is a tract of hairs that are of unique structure. We have confirmed the suggestion that this tract of hairs can acquire toxic properties and we assert here that they, together with other specialized behavioural, morphological and anatomical adaptations, have led to a powerful defence, highly unusual for a mammal. Flaring of the fur is triggered by external interference or attack on the animal, whereupon white and black banding of the longer hairs on either side of the lateral line effects outlines of the tract in a bold white and black target design. An aggravated rat pulls its head back into its shoulders and turns its flared tract towards its adversary as if actively soliciting an attack. This display may or may not be accompanied by vocalizations.. A complex of defensive traits in the crested rat would have evolved against natural predators; however, most reliable observations about their ...
Since the year 2000, the world elderly population increased by 48%. Medical problems become more predominant with aging leading to polypharmacy. Biological changes can occur with aging resulting in increased susceptibility of older people to medications and their side effects. These changes may have greater effect in a frail person or person with number or long-term or chronic diseases and conditions. Atorvastatin, rosuvastatin, perindopril, amlodipine and paracetamol are commonly used medications among elderly. This paper has reviewed clinical trials and publications on these medications among elderly. It has been found that the safety and effectiveness of these medications among elderly had been evaluated with the main focus on the effectiveness of these medications on different medical conditions and less focus on the effects of the elderly pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic changes on these medications. Thus, more clinical trials are required to test elderly biological changes effects on ...
Newbie here (wave) just joined the beginning of May.Does changing a title of a Shopify collection effect Klaviyo flows associated with the name changed...
Article IEST updates recommended practices to reflect leading-edge methods. New developments covered in Recommended Practices revised recently by the Contamination Control Division of IEST include a test method for characterizing outgassed organic co...
Cool Delays: Two delays specific to the EFFECT Section deserve a shout out. Tempo Delay is a great addition especially in a live situation. When select the LED indicator reads td and the LEDs around the [RATE] knob blink in tempo. The dedicated TAP button is right there allowing you to instantly match the bands tempo. This is so useful! The Looper Delay is another including here and a personal favorite of mine. Its a special delay that provides a multiple echo/delay effect. You can start by playing something in one Section, adding to that, playing something from another Section, change Voices, change effects, do cool pitch things, etc., and create some cool loops. Furthermore, you can change Live Set Sounds and previous loop will continue. You can play over the loop or create an all new loop to add to the previous. Its a cool creative way to use the YC61. The way the Looper Delays configuration is different the other effects in the EFFECT Section. The SPEAKER/AMP Section routes before the ...
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The breakthrough open access journalzine delivering leading-edge research, interviews, data, and information aimed at pushing the boundaries of existing healthcare systems and transforming the future of human health.
The breakthrough open access journalzine delivering leading-edge research, interviews, data, and information aimed at pushing the boundaries of existing healthcare systems and transforming the future of human health.
The North Eastern region of India is undergoing industrial development at a faster rate than expected. Roads form the main system of transportation and communication owing to the hilly topography of the region. Automobiles discharge a number of gaseous and trace metal contaminants. Human activities like stone grinding, road construction and sand milling also increase the atmospheric dust and heavy metal contaminant level. These contaminants get settled on leaf surfaces at roadsides and enter in contact with phylloplane microorganisms. This study compares microorganisms on leaf surfaces of alder (Alnus nepalensis (Betulaceae)) on roadside and non-roadside environments. Two sites dominated by alder were selected. One at a busy road intersection on the National Highway no. 44 in Shillong with high traffic density (8000-9000 heavy vehicles/day), taken as the polluted site and the other one in a forest approximately 500 m away from the roadside considered as the unpolluted site. Analysis of ...
Buy Corylus Avellana - Hazel hedging plants from our nursery in Essex, UK. Hazel tree hedging plants are a common hedgerow plant often cultivated for its hazelnuts. Browse the Corylus Avellana plants we have for sale online.Corylus Avellana - Hazel Bar
Terra Nova National Park, Newfoundland. Sandy Pond. Trail on far side of pond. Near pond edge. August 1, 2011. [Digital - John Maunder ...
Corylus avellana is a deciduous Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a medium rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from January to April, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. The plant is not self-fertile. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very acid and very alkaline soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure.
Find Red Dragon Corkscrew Hazelnut (Corylus avellana Red Dragon) in Mechanicsburg Harrisburg Dillsburg Camp Hill Pennsylvania PA at Ashcombe Farm & Greenhouses (Red-Leaved Contorted Hazelnut, European Filbert)
The common names of hazelnut or filbert include species belonging to the genus Corylus(tribe Coryleae, family Betulaceae). The importance and distribution of this plant have been dealt with in...
Hazel (Corylus) ialah genus daripada pokok daun luruh dan pokok renek besar berasal dari Hemisfera Utara beriklim sederhana. Genus ini biasanya diletakkan dalam famili pokok birch Betulaceae,[2][3][4][5] walaupun sesetengah ahli botani memecahkan hazel (dengan hornbeam dan genera bersekutu) ke dalam famili Corylaceae yang berasingan.[6][7] Buah bagi pokok hazel adalah kacang hazel. ...
S. A. Mehlenbacher, Janick, J., and Paull, R. E., Betulaceae - Corylus avellana - hazelnut, in The encyclopedia of fruit and nuts, CAB International., Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2008, pp. 161-172. ...
Botanical Name : Betula nigra Family: Betulaceae Genus: Betula Subgenus: Neurobetula Species: B. nigra Kingdom: Plantae Order:Fagales Synonyms: Betula americana
Álvarez-Valle H. 1956. Estudio forestal del Jaúl (Alnus jorullensis HBK) en Costa Rica. MSc. Thesis, Instituto Interamericano de Ciencias Agrícolas, Costa Rica. Araujo P, Iturre M, 2006. Ordenación de bosques irregulares. Facultad de Ciencias Forestales. Universidad Nacional de Santiago del Estereo. ISBN: 978-987-1676-39-2. Calderón M. 2007. Extracción y caracterización fisicoquímica del extracto colorante de la corteza de Aliso común (Alnus jorullensis Humboldt, Bonpland & Kunth), proveniente de San Lucas Sacatepéquez Guatemala. MSc. Thesis, Universidad de San Carlos, Guatemala. Carranza E, Madrigal X. 1995. Betulaceae. Flora del Bajío y de regiones adyacentes Fascículo 39, Instituto de Ecología, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad y Coordinación de la Investigación Científica de la Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, México. Chapela F. 2012. Estado de los bosques en México. Consejo Civil ...
Koivukasvit, Betulaceae » Betula « Edellinen Seuraava ». European Medicines Agency. Baltic birch is among the portal Recent changes Upload file. How to Spot Fake Doc. Kandinsky and Old Russia : the.. It has Maanmittausinsinööri Työpaikat suggested that.. Help Learn to edit Community most sought-after wood in Olli Tuominen. How to Clean Dansko Shoes. Old Irish betheWelsh. The scales of the staminate.. For more information, please contact. Ydinperhevki on Tjäna sittemmin tehnyt rajuja tulvia, kun kovat sateet.. Download as PDF Printable version. Epillyt rikokset ovat muun muassa. Laadukkaat uutiset, tarkat ja nopeat.. Staminate aments are pendulous, clustered dengan birch putih Eropa atau it is Betula pioneer species, one of the first trees or near the ends of the short lateral branchlets of.. The pistillate scales are oblong-ovate, licensing of birch leaf medicines in EU Member States should Northern Europe.. Kategori tersembunyi: CS1 sumber berbahasa Inggris en Halaman dengan label. ...
Botanical Name: Betula alleghaniensis Family: Betulaceae Genus: Betula Subgenus: Betulenta Species: B. alleghaniensis Kingdom: Plantae Division: Angiosperms
white birch: Any of several species of ornamental and timber trees of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae. The trees are native to cool regions of the Northern Hemisphere and have white,...
Given their position at the very bottom of the marine food chain, increased toxicity of plankton could have a knock-on effect on the entire food web, including food consumed by humans. Source: Climate Change Effect: Global Warming Could Increase Toxic Mercury In Plankton
Using Biological Monitoring to Detect Climate Change Effects: A Classification of Bioindicators. Britta Bierwagen, Susan Julius Global Change Research Program, NCEA/ORD/EPA Michael Barbour, Jeroen Gerritsen, Anna Hamilton, Mike Paul Tetra Tech, Inc. Slideshow 525256 by kaz
Proteoid roots, also known as cluster roots, are plant roots that form clusters of closely spaced short lateral rootlets. They may form a two- to five-centimetre-thick mat just beneath the leaf litter. They enhance nutrient uptake, possibly by chemically modifying the soil environment to improve nutrient solubilisation.[1] As a result, plants with proteoid roots can grow in soil that is very low in nutrients, such as the phosphorus-deficient native soils of Australia.. They were first described by Adolf Engler in 1894, after he discovered them on plants of the family Proteaceae growing in Leipzig Botanic Gardens. In 1960, Helen Purnell examined 44 species from ten Proteaceae genera, finding proteoid roots in every genus except Persoonia; she then coined the name proteoid roots in reference to the plant family in which it was known to occur.[2] Proteoid roots are now known to occur in 27 different Proteaceae genera, plus around 30 species from other families, including Betulaceae, ...
The effects of soil incorporated lime and K on the concentrations of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn, Fe, Cu, B and Zn in the leaves of filbert trees (Corylus aveliana L. cv Barcelona) were investigated. One year old filbert trees of uniform size were grown in Laurelwood clay loam (L) and Jory silt clay loam (J) in five-gallon plastic pots. The L soil was high in exchangeable K, while soil J was low in exchangeable K as determined by soil tests. Lime treatments were made to bring the initial pH of each soil up to pH 6.6 and 7.1 respectively. Potassium treatments were calculated to bring the soil test levels to intermediate and high levels. Lime significantly increased the leaf concentration of K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Cu, and Zn and decreased that of P, Mn, and B. Potassium treatments resulted in a significant increase in the leaf concentration of K, Mn, and a decrease in P, Mg, and Cu, but had no effect on the concentration of Fe, B, Zn and N. There were highly significant linear relationships between applied lime ...
BlueBell Nursery, an award-winning, family run, mail order and retail garden tree nursery, specialise in trees, shrubs, climbers and many rare species and cultivators in stock
A deciduous, bushy hedging plant which responds well to trimming. Hazel produces edible nuts in late winter/ early spring. Native to UK. Characteristics Flower Colour: yellow catkins Foliage Colour: green, turning to yellow in autumn Approx. Gro
Climate change is impacting food and beverage crops around the world with implications for environmental and human well-being. While numerous studies have examined climate change effects on crop yields, relatively few studies have examined effects on crop quality (concentrations of nutrients, minerals, and secondary metabolites). This review article employs a culturally relevant beverage crop, tea (Camelia sinensis), as a lens to examine environmental effects linked to climate change on the directionality of crop quality. Our systematic review identified 86 articles as relevant to the review question. Findings provide evidence that shifts in seasonality, water stress, geography, light factors, altitude, herbivory and microbes, temperature, and soil factors that are linked to climate change can result in both increases and decreases up to 50% in secondary metabolites. A gap was found regarding evidence on the direct effects of carbon dioxide on tea quality, highlighting a critical research area for
Phosphorus inputs to agriculture and their fate in the environment contribute to poor water quality and degradation of linked ecosystem services at great cost to society. Climate change is likely to alter the forms and timings of P fluxes from land to water and their ecological impact, the effects of which are uncertain and need to be considered to inform future catchment management for eutrophication control. The P transfer continuum is an established conceptual model that we propose as a suitable framework to consider the potential effects of climate change on catchment P transfer. Consideration of this continuum suggests that predicted changes in temperature and precipitation will likely increase P transfer and associated eutrophication costs in some regions. Further research should examine climate change effects on each tier of the continuum to inform the necessary land management adaptations and transformations to ensure future food system P efficiency and resilience.. ...
This study covers climate changes effects on surface water availability from precipitation and temperature changes. It does not take into account any withdrawals of groundwater that will be needed during droughts to support the estimated 50 percent or more increase in Arizonas population by 2050.. These estimates are conservative, said Jaeger, who conducted the study with co-authors Julian Olden and Noel Pelland of the University of Washington. The study is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.. The researchers used a rainfall runoff model, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), which incorporates the study basins elevation, terrain, soil, land use, vegetation coverage, and both current and future climate data, including precipitation and temperature.. Its a hydrological model that routes water received from precipitation through the landscape, a portion of which eventually becomes streamflow in the river, Jaeger said. We partitioned the watershed into ...
Monitoring communities of climate sensitive species, such as insects, could enable scientists to develop indicators for climate change effects on biodiversity and help devise policies to protect it.
My general research focus on size dependent predatory and competitive interactions within and between fish species and how these, together with abiotic factors, affect the size structure, density, production and dynamics of fish populations and fish communities. More specifically, present main research approaches focus on how fish populations, fish communities and ecosystems are affected by climate change and fisheries. The climate change research integrates studies of abiotic factors and its impact on biotic processes, focusing on identifying mechanisms and thresholds of climate change effects on fish production and ecosystem productivity. Key aspects of this research are how temperature, light availability and concentrations of terrestrial organic carbon affect productivity, resource use and energy pathways in aquatic food webs, from algae and bacteria at the base of the food web, through intermediate consumers (zooplankton and macroinvertebrates) to top consumers like fish.. The research on ...
My general research focus on size dependent predatory and competitive interactions within and between fish species and how these, together with abiotic factors, affect the size structure, density, production and dynamics of fish populations and fish communities. More specifically, present main research approaches focus on how fish populations, fish communities and ecosystems are affected by climate change and fisheries. The climate change research integrates studies of abiotic factors and its impact on biotic processes, focusing on identifying mechanisms and thresholds of climate change effects on fish production and ecosystem productivity. Key aspects of this research are how temperature, light availability and concentrations of terrestrial organic carbon affect productivity, resource use and energy pathways in aquatic food webs, from algae and bacteria at the base of the food web, through intermediate consumers (zooplankton and macroinvertebrates) to top consumers like fish.. The research on ...
Climate change is expected to not only raise water temperatures, but also to cause brownification of aquatic ecosystems via increased inputs of terrestrial dissolved organic matter. While efforts have been made to understand how increased temperature and brownification separately influence aquatic food webs, their interactive effects have been less investigated. Further, although climate change effects on aquatic ecosystems likely will propagate to terrestrial consumers via changes in aquatic insect emergence, this has rarely been studied. We investigated the effect of climate change on aquatic insect emergence, in a large-scale outdoor pond facility where 16 sections - each containing natural food webs including a fish top-consumer population - were subjected to warming (3 degrees C above ambient temperatures) and/or brownification (by adding naturally humic stream water). Aquatic insect emergence was measured biweekly over 18weeks. We found no effect of warming or brownification on total ...
Risk analysis is particularly difficult in the context of environmental hazards - scientists have come up with a new, simplified risk model that might help.. Any risk analysis involves an assessment of a systems vulnerabilities, and how probable it is that a hazard will occur. Researchers have put together a simple probabilistic risk analysis tool particularly useful for predictions of climate change effects on vegetation. It has been used to examine the risk of drought in European forests, recently (1971 to 2000) and in the future (2071 to 2100).. Risk is a product of vulnerability - drought versus non-drought productivity of vegetation, in this case - and probability - of a drought, which is increasing in Southern Europe but decreasing farther north. The model looks at the uncertain effects of certain environmental variables on any given ecosystem variable. The model can be adjusted to different levels or thresholds of environmental variable hazard. Implementing the model in the case of ...
Climate change effects on deer and moose in the midwest, Weiskopf, Sarah R., Ledee Olivia E., and Thompson Laura M. , The Journal of Wildlife Management, Mar-03-2019, (2019) ...
Global change drivers (GCDs) are expected to alter community structure and consequently, the services that ecosystems provide. Yet, few experimental investigations have examined effects of GCDs on plant community structure across multiple ecosystem types, and those that do exist present conflicting patterns. In an unprecedented global synthesis of over 100 experiments that manipulated factors linked to GCDs, we show that herbaceous plant community responses depend on experimental manipulation length and number of factors manipulated. We found that plant communities are fairly resistant to experimentally manipulated GCDs in the short term (,10 y). In contrast, long-term (≥10 y) experiments show increasing community divergence of treatments from control conditions. Surprisingly, these community responses occurred with similar frequency across the GCD types manipulated in our database. However, community responses were more common when 3 or more GCDs were simultaneously manipulated, suggesting ...
Sortnamn: Robinsoniana. Höjd: 20 cm. Färg: Ljusblå. Blomtid: Juli-September. Läge: Sol-Halvskugga. Växtsätt: Marktäckande. Förökning: Genom att dela rotsystemet. ...
The weather was unseasonably wet and cold, thanks to the changing climate which gave farmers smaller crops than expected. This is something that happens, bad years are normal for any sort of agriculture for a variety of reasons. Still, climate change is making weather patterns unpredictable meaning that normal methods that farmers might employ for mitigating the damage are not always able to be done in time. We probably wont see any real impact to our beloved taters unless this continues for a few more years, which it might because, as Im sure youre aware, climate change is very real. Although we may not see another bad year for potatoes, its just as likely that we will see more. ...
Ilaria Nardello, Russell W. Poole, Heather Cannaby, Caroline Cusack, Ciar OToole, Chris Lynam, Sinan Y. Husrevoglu, Joe Silke, Guy Westbrook, Leonie Dransfeld, Ken Whelan and G. Nolan ...
The description and analysis of chemical defense mechanisms across insects, mainly in lepidopteran and coleopteran herbivores, initiated the search for general trends in the taxonomic distribution and evolution of such mechanisms. Research using empirical and manipulative tests on predator-prey systems, computational modeling, and phylogeny-based approaches has identified sequential steps in the evolution of prey defensive traits as well as plant-insect interactions (e.g., [8, 14, 85-90]). However, nearly all such studies, even when they embrace multitrophic interactions at once, focus explicitly or implicitly on (dis)advantages as well as evolutionary sequences and consequences of visual prey signals. In this context, there is good evidence that the evolution of aposematism is accompanied by an increased diversification of lineages, as shown by paired sister-group comparisons in insects and other animal taxa [91]. Further, chemical adaptation (unpalatability) preceded morphological (warning ...
Non-native plants introduced to new habitats can have significant ecological impact. In many cases, even though they interact with the same community of potential herbivores as their new native competitors, they regularly receive less damage. Plants produce secondary metabolites in their leaves that serve a range of defensive functions, including resistance to herbivores and pathogens. Abiotic factors such as nutrient availability can influence the expression of defensive traits, with some species exhibiting increased chemical defense in low-nutrient conditions. Plants in the genus Lonicera are known to produce a diverse array of these secondary metabolites, yet non-native Lonicera species sustain lower amounts of herbivore damage than co-occurring native Lonicera species in North America. In this study, we searched for evidence of biochemical novelty in non-native species, and quantified its association with resistance to herbivores. In order to achieve this, we evaluated the phenolic and iridoid
CORYLUS DISEASES Crown gall caused by Agrobacterium tumefaciens causes formation of roundish, warty-looking galls on the lower stem near ground le...
Number of records. 2. Countries. Georgia. Associated organism. Corylus avellana (leaf). Literature. Nakhutsrishvili (1986) page(s) 622. ...
Fifteen percent of all outpatient prescriptions collected included at least one injection. Injections were prescribed either as one-off injectable analgesics, antispasmodics or anti-emetics or a complete 5-day course of injectable antibiotics administered on an outpatient basis. The proportion of general population that reported receiving an injection or IV infusion in the last 3 months was also high (19%). The average number of injections per capita per year was calculated to be 2 per person per year and since immunizations are done almost exclusively by government vaccinators, this estimate applies to therapeutic, non-insulin injections only. This estimate is higher than would reasonably be expected among similar populations in countries with well-developed health care systems and reflects the tendency of prescribers in the Northern Areas to overuse injectable drugs for disease conditions that can be managed just as well with oral alternatives. At the same time, this estimate of 2.3 injections ...
Systematica joins URBANA, the conference on urban realm organised by the Department of Sociology of Università di Milano Bicocca, and held in Milan from 4th till 7th of May 2017. URBANAs main statement is the following: contemporary cities are the place where different people live, move and use urban assets.. In line with the main topic of the meeting, Systematica delivered a speech hinged on the following two main topics: mobilitys improvements undertaken in Milan during the last decade, and; mobility changes effects on the distribution of resident and working population throughout the Milanese metropolitan area. The speech delivered by Systematica considers also the so-called new urban population, that has been recently growing more and more; in particular a focus is dedicated to foreigners, youngsters and elder population*.. Systematicas involvement in URBANA confirms once more the commitment of the company to researching and delivering new approaches and solutions for the ...
In a paper, recently published in the ASCE Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, Dan M. Frangopol and You Dong propose a framework to aid the optimal adaptation of residential buildings considering climate change effects in a life-cycle context.
In This Issue: EcoTrends Project comes of age; Evaluating performance of the Network Office; LTER Decadal Plan-Where are we now?; Call for proposals for LTER Working Groups ; LTER sites to get direct broadcast satellite data; Factors affecting the success of Collaboration at a distance; Publicizing your research results-The LINX experience: Long-Term Soil Observatories team up ; NSF-Looking back, reflecting on the future; Alaska fire sparks new research at Arctic LTER; Andrews Forest REUs study soil and climate change effects …[as]…others go wireless; FCE LTER website gets new look; Andrews. ...
Limburg, K., Brown R. L., Johnson RC., Pine B., Rulifson R., Secor D., et al. (2016). Round-the-Coast: Snapshots of Estuarine Climate Change Effects. Fisheries. 41(7), ...
Witch hazel is an herb renowned for its medicinal activity. Tannin is a chemical compound in this plant that plays vital role in treating various skin ailments.. Apart from using it topically, you can use witch hazel internally to treat various diseases. Its bark, leaves and twigs are used to make medicine. Assorted nutrients residing in witch hazel plant reduces itching, swelling, inflammation and enhances healing minor injuries.. Unlike other beauty care products, this herbal remedy is inexpensive and can be available at local drug store. Get it and apply it over affected part with cotton ball and the healing process starts.. ...
Wytch Hazel is an unusual band in the contemporary trad landscape. First, lyrics are overtly Christian, professing the faith of the writer, guitarist, and vocalist Colin Hendra. Secondly, Wytch Hazel plays a type of heavy metal and hard rock rooted in the 1970s. While most bands we enjoy and love are reminiscing of diverse forms of metal from the 1980s, it is far less common to find music of the same quality that would take direct inspiration from Wishbone Ash, for example.. The opener, He is the Fight, is the perfect illustration of the Wytch Hazel formula, the band managing to create a distinct enough sound to warrant the wording. On the one hand, it feels like a classic track of Blue Öyster Cult, especially because of the guitar melodies, but on the other hand, it is also clearly 1980s British heavy metal. Additionally, it includes the most recognizable feature in the vocal delivery of Colin. His voice is soft and endearing but with the necessary power to keep the choruses exciting or even ...
{Play Baby Hazel Stomach Care online on GirlsgoGames.co.uk. Every day new Girls Games online! Baby Hazel Stomach Care is Safe, Cool to play and Free!
You should consider including Witch Hazel into your daily skincare regime as it has many proven benefits for skin. Many herbalists recommend Witch Hazel for skin problems due to its efficacy and effective results.
Witch hazel is a powerful ingredient that everyone should have in their kitchen cabinet. Learn 10+ witch hazel uses to get glowing skin.
KNOWN HISTORY: Limited profile 3/2/17 Unaltered Female, Owner surrender (Over 2 years in the previous home) Previously lived with: 2 Adults, 1 child, cats and another dog. Behavior toward strangers: Shy Behavior toward children: Unknown Behavior toward dogs: Friendly with her housemate, did not get along with dogs outside the home (details of behaviors or interactions were not provided) Behavior toward cats: Love to chase the cats and sometime plays rough with them. Resource guarding: Unknown Bite history: None reported Housetrained: Unknown Energy level/descriptors: Other notes: Hazel was trained to bark and growl on command (see profile for more details). This has likely increased Hazels anxiety and we do not recommend continuing use of this command. SAFER ASSESSMENT: 3/4/17 Look:2. Dogs eyes are averted. Her body posture is fearful, trembles and her tail is low and not moving. She allows head to be held loosely in Assessors cupped hands. Sensitivity:2. Dog stands still and accepts the ...
Witch hazel is widely known for easing inflammation and soothing sensitive skin, but this powerful remedy has more to offer. Here are the top 8 benefits and uses of witch hazel.
A gallery of makeup colors for hazel eyes can help you decide how to highlight your unique eye shade. Although hazel often refers to light brown an ...
Hazel Bank Country House Hotel: So very very pleasant - See 316 traveller reviews, 202 candid photos, and great deals for Hazel Bank Country House Hotel at TripAdvisor.
Betulaceae - Birkefamilien.. Family. Birchfamily. Genus. Alnus. Location. Hobro Dimensions. 2048x1536 Note. Betulaceae - ...
Betulaceae 4. Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794. Aulne de montagne Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae 1. Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794. Aulne de montagne Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae 1. Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794. Aulne de montagne Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae 3. Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794. Aulne de montagne Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae. Plant Form: Tree Flower Color: Green, Brown Flower Arrangement: Catkin Leaf Type: Simple ...
Betulaceae 1. Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794. Aulne de montagne Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae 2. Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794. Aulne de montagne Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae 3. Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794. Aulne de montagne Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae 2. Corylus avellana L., 1753. Noisetier Fiche taxon Boraginaceae 1. Anchusa italica Retz., 1779. Buglosse dItalie ...
Betulaceae 1. Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794. Aulne de montagne Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae 2. Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794. Aulne de montagne Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae 2. Alnus cordata (Loisel.) Duby, 1828. Aulne feuilles en c ur Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae 1. Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794. Aulne de montagne Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae 1. Corylus avellana L., 1753. Noisetier Fiche taxon Boraginaceae 1. Asperugo procumbens L., 1753. R pette couch e ...
Betulaceae 1. Alnus cordata (Loisel.) Duby, 1828. Aulne feuilles en c ur Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae 2. Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794. Aulne de montagne Fiche taxon ...
Betulaceae 3. Alnus incana (L.) Moench, 1794. Aulne de montagne Fiche taxon ...
  • In the past, the family was often divided into two families, Betulaceae ( Alnus , Betula ) and Corylaceae (the rest). (wikipedia.org)
  • The group is sometimes divided into two families, Betulaceae ( Alnus and Betula ) and Corylaceae (Carpinus , Ostrya , Corylus , and Ostryopsis), especially in Europe. (cirrusimage.com)
  • Birch is a tree or shrub of the genus Betula , in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • A study of the antigenic proteins in the pollen of Betula , Alnus , and certain other genera has demonstrated a close relationship between the families Betulaceae, Carpinaceae, and Corylaceae (Brunner & Fairbrothers 1979). (botanical-dermatology-database.info)
  • A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula ( / ˈ b ɛ tj ʊ l ə / ), [2] in the family Betulaceae , which also includes alders , hazels , and hornbeams . (wikipedia.org)
  • White birch , any of several species of ornamental and timber trees of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae . (britannica.com)
  • The species of Betulaceae native to the United States represent five genera- Alnus ( alder ), Betula (the birches), Corylus ( hazel ), and Carpinus ( hornbeam ) and Ostrya (hop hornbeam), both also called ironwood. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Betula alba Betulaceae Names : White Birch. (healthy.net)
  • Betula pendula, commonly known as silver birch, warty birch, European white birch, or East Asian white birch, is a species of tree in the family Betulaceae, native to Europe and parts of Asia, though in southern Europe, it is only found at higher altitudes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Molecular phylogeny and genome size evolution of the genus Betula (Betulaceae). (wikimedia.org)
  • The systematics of the American spesies of Alnus (Betulaceae). (nii.ac.jp)
  • Demography of a clonal shrub, Alnus incana ssp.rugosa (Betulaceae) Amer. (nii.ac.jp)
  • This study compares microorganisms on leaf surfaces of alder (Alnus nepalensis (Betulaceae)) on roadside and non-roadside environments. (ucr.ac.cr)
  • Betulaceae , the birch family , includes six genera of deciduous nut -bearing trees and shrubs , including the birches , alders , hazels , hornbeams , hazel-hornbeam , and hop-hornbeams numbering a total of 167 species. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus is usually placed in the birch family Betulaceae, though some botanists split the hazels into a separate family Corylaceae.They have simple, rounded leaves with double-serrate margins. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • Betulaceae (Birch Family) is a family of plants . (eol.org)
  • birch, common name for some members of the Betulaceae, a family of deciduous trees or shrubs bearing male and female flowers on separate plants, widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Corylus (family Betulaceae ). (theplantlist.org)
  • The Betulaceae is classified in the division Magnoliophyta , class Magnoliopsida, order Fagales. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Phylogenetic analysis suggested that C. avellana cv Tombul had a close affinity to the sister group of C. fargesii and C. chinensis , and then a closer evolutionary relationship with Betulaceae family than other species of Fagales. (springer.com)
  • Because of evolutionary divergence within the Betulaceae, the family has often been divided into tribes (i.e. (efloras.org)
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_sequenced_plant_genomes ), and of these, more than ten concern tree species. (springer.com)
  • have renamed these two groups as subfamilies within the Betulaceae- Betuloideae and Coryloideae. (absoluteastronomy.com)
  • According to molecular phylogeny , the closest relatives of the Betulaceae are the Casuarinaceae , or the she-oaks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Diagnostically, Betulaceae is very similar to Rosaceae and other rose motif families. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1979. Betulaceae. (efloras.org)
  • Así como organizar y actualizar la información generada del proyecto florístico 'Flora del Valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán ' que surgió en 1979. (gbif.org)
  • 1994. Phylogeny and phytogeography of the Betulaceae. (ac.ir)
  • Operativamente se entiende que un taxon es un nombre científico con una descripción que lo circunscribe, en este caso, las descripciones vienen referidas por la referencia bibliográfica de las obras (floras, monografías, artículos) que las contienen, no obstante algunas se encuentran provisionalmente sin referencia. (gbif.org)
  • Plantae , Betulaceae , Helianthemum , Zea mays and Stellaria media subsp. (wiktionary.org)
  • Comprende las especies y subespecies de flora vascular presentes en la Península Ibérica, Islas Baleares e Islas Canarias, además de sus géneros y familias correspondientes (no se han incluido híbridos). (gbif.org)
  • Para su elaboración se ha utilizado como fuente primaria Flora iberica ( http://www.floraiberica.es ) y ha sido completada con taxones mencionados en la legislación (Atlas y Libros Rojos), así como otras obras donde se recogen taxones canarios, alóctonos u otros aún no tratados por esta obra (ver apartado Citations). (gbif.org)
  • En caso de discrepancia entre los autores de los nombres científicos entre IPNI y Flora iberica, se ha seguido el criterio de Flora iberica y mantenido el LSID de IPNI. (gbif.org)
  • Para la taxonomía se ha seguido en lo posible a Flora iberica (incluyendo las listadas como «Especies que han de buscarse») y subsidiariamente el proyecto Anthos ( http://www.anthos.es/ ). (gbif.org)
  • Birch is a deciduous tree that belongs to the family Betulaceae. (dailydetoxstrategies.com)
  • There exist over 40 species in the Betulaceae family, of which the birch is a member. (ceresmedvt.com)

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