A slowly hydrolyzing muscarinic agonist with no nicotinic effects. Bethanechol is generally used to increase smooth muscle tone, as in the GI tract following abdominal surgery or in urinary retention in the absence of obstruction. It may cause hypotension, HEART RATE changes, and BRONCHIAL SPASM.
Drugs that mimic the effects of parasympathetic nervous system activity. Included here are drugs that directly stimulate muscarinic receptors and drugs that potentiate cholinergic activity, usually by slowing the breakdown of acetylcholine (CHOLINESTERASE INHIBITORS). Drugs that stimulate both sympathetic and parasympathetic postganglionic neurons (GANGLIONIC STIMULANTS) are not included here.
Drugs that bind to and activate muscarinic cholinergic receptors (RECEPTORS, MUSCARINIC). Muscarinic agonists are most commonly used when it is desirable to increase smooth muscle tone, especially in the GI tract, urinary bladder and the eye. They may also be used to reduce heart rate.
One of the MUSCARINIC ANTAGONISTS with pharmacologic action similar to ATROPINE and used mainly as an ophthalmic parasympatholytic or mydriatic.
Complete or severe loss of the subjective sense of taste, frequently accompanied by OLFACTION DISORDERS.
Agents that inhibit the actions of the parasympathetic nervous system. The major group of drugs used therapeutically for this purpose is the MUSCARINIC ANTAGONISTS.
A synthetic pentapeptide that has effects like gastrin when given parenterally. It stimulates the secretion of gastric acid, pepsin, and intrinsic factor, and has been used as a diagnostic aid.
An alkaloid, originally from Atropa belladonna, but found in other plants, mainly SOLANACEAE. Hyoscyamine is the 3(S)-endo isomer of atropine.
Hydrochloric acid present in GASTRIC JUICE.
One of the two major classes of cholinergic receptors. Muscarinic receptors were originally defined by their preference for MUSCARINE over NICOTINE. There are several subtypes (usually M1, M2, M3....) that are characterized by their cellular actions, pharmacology, and molecular biology.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate MUSCARINIC RECEPTORS, thereby blocking the actions of endogenous ACETYLCHOLINE or exogenous agonists. Muscarinic antagonists have widespread effects including actions on the iris and ciliary muscle of the eye, the heart and blood vessels, secretions of the respiratory tract, GI system, and salivary glands, GI motility, urinary bladder tone, and the central nervous system.
An antimuscarinic agent that inhibits gastric secretion at lower doses than are required to affect gastrointestinal motility, salivary, central nervous system, cardiovascular, ocular, and urinary function. It promotes the healing of duodenal ulcers and due to its cytoprotective action is beneficial in the prevention of duodenal ulcer recurrence. It also potentiates the effect of other antiulcer agents such as CIMETIDINE and RANITIDINE. It is generally well tolerated by patients.
A histamine H2 receptor antagonist that is used as an anti-ulcer agent.
Any drug used for its actions on cholinergic systems. Included here are agonists and antagonists, drugs that affect the life cycle of ACETYLCHOLINE, and drugs that affect the survival of cholinergic neurons. The term cholinergic agents is sometimes still used in the narrower sense of MUSCARINIC AGONISTS, although most modern texts discourage that usage.
A subclass of muscarinic receptor that mediates cholinergic-induced contraction in a variety of SMOOTH MUSCLES.
An optical isomer of quinine, extracted from the bark of the CHINCHONA tree and similar plant species. This alkaloid dampens the excitability of cardiac and skeletal muscles by blocking sodium and potassium currents across cellular membranes. It prolongs cellular ACTION POTENTIALS, and decreases automaticity. Quinidine also blocks muscarinic and alpha-adrenergic neurotransmission.
Colloids with liquid continuous phase and solid dispersed phase; the term is used loosely also for solid-in-gas (AEROSOLS) and other colloidal systems; water-insoluble drugs may be given as suspensions.
Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Solid dosage forms, of varying weight, size, and shape, which may be molded or compressed, and which contain a medicinal substance in pure or diluted form. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Completed forms of the pharmaceutical preparation in which prescribed doses of medication are included. They are designed to resist action by gastric fluids, prevent vomiting and nausea, reduce or alleviate the undesirable taste and smells associated with oral administration, achieve a high concentration of drug at target site, or produce a delayed or long-acting drug effect.
The mechanical process of cooling.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
An application that must be submitted to a regulatory agency (the FDA in the United States) before a drug can be studied in humans. This application includes results of previous experiments; how, where, and by whom the new studies will be conducted; the chemical structure of the compound; how it is thought to work in the body; any toxic effects found in animal studies; and how the compound is manufactured. (From the "New Medicines in Development" Series produced by the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association and published irregularly.)
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Drugs which have received FDA approval for human testing but have yet to be approved for commercial marketing. This includes drugs used for treatment while they still are undergoing clinical trials (Treatment IND). The main heading includes drugs under investigation in foreign countries.
Tumors or cancer of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
Comprehensive, methodical analysis of complex biological systems by monitoring responses to perturbations of biological processes. Large scale, computerized collection and analysis of the data are used to develop and test models of biological systems.
A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.
The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.
The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.
Recurrent or persistent involuntary SPASM of the outer muscles of the VAGINA, occurring during vaginal penetration.
Inflammation of the VULVA. It is characterized by PRURITUS and painful urination.
Inflammation of the vulvar vestibular region at the entrance of the VAGINA, generally involving surface mucosa and submucosal vestibular glands. It is characterized by ERYTHEMA and chronic recurrent pain in this area.
Recurrent genital pain occurring during, before, or after SEXUAL INTERCOURSE in either the male or the female.
Compounds or factors that act on a specific enzyme to increase its activity.
Disturbances in sexual desire and the psychophysiologic changes that characterize the sexual response cycle and cause marked distress and interpersonal difficulty. (APA, DSM-IV, 1994)
A condition with recurring discomfort or pain in the URINARY BLADDER and the surrounding pelvic region without an identifiable disease. Severity of pain in interstitial cystitis varies greatly and often is accompanied by increased urination frequency and urgency.
The granting of a license to practice pharmacy.
A surgical specialty concerned with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both sexes, and the genital tract in the male. Common urological problems include urinary obstruction, URINARY INCONTINENCE, infections, and UROGENITAL NEOPLASMS.
Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.
Helium. A noble gas with the atomic symbol He, atomic number 2, and atomic weight 4.003. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is not combustible and does not support combustion. It was first detected in the sun and is now obtained from natural gas. Medically it is used as a diluent for other gases, being especially useful with oxygen in the treatment of certain cases of respiratory obstruction, and as a vehicle for general anesthetics. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Facilities for the preparation and dispensing of drugs.
An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.

The effects of ammonia on pancreatic enzyme secretion in vivo and in vitro. (1/103)

BACKGROUND: Recent studies clearly demonstrate that Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection of the stomach causes persistent elevation of ammonia (NH3) in gastric juice leading to hypergastrinemia and enhanced pancreatic enzyme secretion. METHODS: The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of NH4OH on plasma gastrin level and exocrine pancreatic secretion in vivo in conscious dogs equipped with chronic pancreatic fistulas and on secretory activity of in vitro isolated acini obtained from the rat pancreas by collagenase digestion. The effects of NH4OH on amylase release from pancreatic acini were compared with those produced by simple alkalization of these acini with NaOH. RESULTS: NH4OH given intraduodenally (i.d.) in increasing concentrations (0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 4.0, or 8.0 mM/L) resulted in an increase of pancreatic protein output, reaching respectively 9%, 10%, 19%, 16% and 17% of caerulein maximum in these animals and in a marked increase in plasma gastrin level. NH4OH (8 x 0 mM/L, i.d.) given during intravenous (i.v.) infusion of secretin (50 pmol/kg-h) and cholecystokinin (50 pmol/kg-h) reduced the HCO3 and protein outputs by 35% and 37% respectively, as compared to control obtained with infusion of secretin plus cholecystokinin alone. When pancreatic secretion was stimulated by ordinary feeding the same amount of NH4OH administered i.d. decreased the HCO3- and protein responses by 78% and 47% respectively, and had no significant effect on postprandial plasma gastrin. In isolated pancreatic acini, increasing concentrations of NH4OH (10(-7)-10(-4) M) produced a concentration-dependent stimulation of amylase release, reaching about 43% of caerulein-induced maximum. When various concentrations of NH4OH were added to submaximal concentration of caerulein (10(-12) M) or urecholine (10(-5) M), the enzyme secretion was reduced at a dose 10(-5) M of NH4OH by 38% or 40%, respectively. Simple alkalization with NaOH of the incubation medium up to pH 8.5 markedly stimulated basal amylase secretion from isolated pancreatic acini, whereas the secretory response of these acini to pancreatic secretagogues was significantly diminished by about 30%. LDH release into the incubation medium was not significantly changed in all tests indicating that NH4OH did not produce any apparent damage of pancreatic acini and this was confirmed by histological examination of these acini. CONCLUSIONS: 1. NH4OH affects basal and stimulated pancreatic secretion. 2. The excessive release of gastrin may be responsible for the stimulation of basal pancreatic enzyme secretion in conscious animals, and 3. The inhibitory effects of NH4OH on stimulated secretion might be mediated, at least in part, by its direct action on the isolated pancreatic acini possibly due to the alkalization of these acini.  (+info)

Vitamin A deficiency and colonic electrogenic absorption and secretion in the rat. (2/103)

The effects of vitamin A deficiency on electrogenic transport in the colon were examined in rats made vitamin A deficient at weaning by feeding a vitamin A deficient diet for 40 days. A pair fed control group was given the same diet but supplemented with soluble vitamin A in their drinking water. The basal and stimulated electrogenic secretory and absorptive functions of the muscle stripped proximal, mid, and distal colon were examined in vitro using the short circuit current (Isc) as the index of net ion transport. A significant increase in the basal and secretory Isc (mainly Cl-ions) induced by the cholinergic agonist bethanechol was observed in the mid-colon of the vitamin A deficient rats. In the distal colon, however, vitamin A deficiency caused a significant reduction in both the basal and secretory Isc response to bethanechol compared with the vitamin A supplemented pair fed control. Secretory Isc induced by dibutyryl cyclic adenosine monophosphate was not significantly altered by vitamin A deficiency. The condition abolished the response of the distal colon to luminal amiloride (0.1 mmol/l). Thyroid hormone induced reduction in the distal colonic response to aldosterone is implicated in this lack of response. This is the first experimental linkage between vitamin A action, the thyroid hormone and aldosterone on colonic function. The colonic changes induced by vitamin A deficiency, namely hypersecretion and a reduced electrogenic distal absorptive function, together with the previously described small intestine hypersecretion may be the underlying basis for the diarrhoea observed in human and animal vitamin A deficiency.  (+info)

Characterization of muscarinic receptors that mediate contraction of guinea-pig isolated trachea to choline esters: effect of removing epithelium. (3/103)

1. The muscarinic receptor subtype that mediates contraction of guinea-pig trachea, in the presence and absence of epithelium, to acetic and carbamic acid choline esters was determined by use of preferential muscarinic receptor antagonists: pirenzepine (M1 receptor), methoctramine (M2 receptor) and 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine (4-DAMP) (M3 receptor). 2. Acetylcholine (ACh), methacholine (MeCh), carbachol (CCh), bethanechol (BeCh) and oxotremorine induced concentration-dependent contraction of guinea-pig isolated tracheal strips in the presence and absence of epithelium. Contraction to acetic choline esters (ACh and MeCh) was augmented by removal of the epithelium, whereas contraction to carbamic acid choline esters (CCh and BeCh) and oxotremorine was not influenced by removal of the epithelium. 3. Pirenzepine, methoctramine and 4-DAMP caused parallel rightward displacements of the concentration-contraction curves to the muscarinic agonists. The pA2 values (determined from Arunlakshana-Schild graphs) for pirenzepine and 4-DAMP in guinea-pig trachea in the presence of epithelium were: ACh as the agonist, 7.6 and 9.0, respectively; CCh as the agonist, 7.6 and 9.1, respectively. The apparent pKB values for methoctramine with the same system were: ACh as the agonist, 5.6; CCh as the agonist, 5.6. Similar values were obtained with MeCh, BeCh and oxotremorine as the agonists. These values were agonist- and epithelium-independent. 4. It is concluded from the pA2 and apparent pKB values obtained for the muscarinic receptor antagonists used in this study that contraction of guinea-pig isolated trachea, with and without epithelium, to both acetic and carbamic acid choline esters is mediated via the muscarinic M3 receptor subtype.Differential contractile responses of guinea-pig trachea to acetic and carbamic acid choline esters upon the mechanical removal of the epithelium may not be explained by activation of different muscarinic receptor subtypes by these agonists.  (+info)

L-365,260, a potent CCK-B/gastrin receptor antagonist, suppresses gastric acid secretion induced by histamine and bethanechol as well as pentagastrin in rats. (4/103)

We evaluated the effects of a potent cholecystokinin (CCK)-B/gastrin receptor antagonist, L-365,260 (3R(+)-N-(2,3-dihydro-1-methyl-2-oxo-5-phenyl-1H-1,4-benzodiazepin - 3-yl)-N'-( 3-methylphenyl) urea); a selective CCK-A receptor antagonist, devazepide (L-364,718); and cimetidine on gastric acid secretion induced by pentagastrin, histamine and bethanechol in anesthetized rats. We also evaluated the effects of L-365,260 and cimetidine on acid secretion in pylorus-ligated rats. Intravenous administration of L-365,260, L-364,718 and cimetidine dose-dependently reduced acid secretion induced by pentagastrin (20 nmol/kg/hr), with ED50 values of 0.63, 19.1 and 2.5 mumol/kg, respectively. Of interest was the finding that L-365,260, like cimetidine, dose-dependently inhibited acid secretion induced by histamine (100 mumol/kg/hr) and bethanechol (5 mumol/kg/hr) with ED50 values of 5.9 and 4.3 mumol/kg, respectively. L-364,718, even at 30 mumol/kg, i.v., had only a slight effect on histamine- or bethanechol-induced acid secretion. Gastric acid secretion was suppressed by treatment with L-365,260 (3-100 mumol/kg, i.v.) and cimetidine (11.9-396.4 mumol/kg, i.v.) in pylorus-ligated rats, with ED50 values of 13.3 and 96.9 mumol/kg, respectively. These results indicate that L-365,260 suppresses acid secretion induced by histamine and bethanechol in rats and that the gastrin receptor plays an important role in acid secretion in pylorus-ligated rats.  (+info)

Enhanced electrogenic secretion in vitro by small intestine from glucagon-treated rats: implications for the diarrhoea of starvation. (5/103)

Glucagon treatment of fed rats (50 micrograms I.P. every 6 h for 3 days) induces significant increases in vitro of the basal short-circuit currents of the jejunum (52%) and proximal ileum (81%) and in their electrogenic secretory responses to stimulation by bethanechol, a muscarinic agonist. The results support a role for glucagon in the intestinal hypersecretion observed in starvation and nutrient deprivation.  (+info)

Intestinal hypersecretion of the refed starved rat: a model for alimentary diarrhoea. (6/103)

Fluid transport was gravimetrically measured in vivo in the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum of anaesthetised fed, 72 hour starved and 72 hour starved rats refed for up to five days after starvation. Basal unstimulated fluid transport was monitored by instilling 0.9% NaCl into the lumen and measuring the gain or loss in weight of the closed intestinal loop. Fluid was absorbed in all the areas of the intestine in the fed rats. Increasing basal fluid absorption was observed in the duodenum over the three days of starvation but in the jejunum there was no significant change. In the ileum, the pattern was very different, on day 1 the fluid was absorbed but on days 2 and 3 there was an increasing secretion of fluid. Refeeding the rats with their normal diet restored the basal absorption of fluid in the duodenum within 24 hours, had no effect in the jejunum but in the case of the ileum the hypersecretion of fluid observed in the day 3 starved rat was maintained on day 1 of refeeding, increased further on day 2, decreased on day 3 but returned to absorption on day 4. The normal absorption was restored to the ileum on day 5 of refeeding. Fluid secretion was induced in all the rat groups by bethanechol (ip 60 micrograms/kg bw) a stable cholinergic agonist, PGE2 (ip 10 micrograms/kg (bw) and E coli STa (luminally instilled, 500 ng/ml) a secretory enterotoxin. All the secretagogues gave enhanced secretion compared with the fed by day 2 of starvation which increased considerably on day 3. Refeeding returned their secretion back to the fed level in the duodenum within 24 hours, in the jejunum within 48 hours but in the ileum their induced secretion on day 2 of refeeding was greater than that of the day 2 of refeeding was greater than that of day 3 starved and took until day 4 to return to the fed levels for behanechol and PGE2 and until day 5 for E. coli STa. This behaviour of rat small intestine showing even greater hypersecretion in the refed state than the starved mimics the human condition of alimentary induced diarrhoea where incautious feeding of starved humans induces severe, often lethal diarrhoea. The refed starved rat appears to be a possible model for this condition.  (+info)

Cholinergic agonists and interleukin 1 regulate processing and secretion of the Alzheimer beta/A4 amyloid protein precursor. (7/103)

Activation of protein kinase C by phorbol esters is known to accelerate the processing and secretion of the beta/A4 amyloid protein precursor. We have now examined various first messengers that increase protein kinase C activity of target cells for their ability to affect beta/A4 amyloid protein precursor metabolism. Acetylcholine and interleukin 1, which are altered in Alzheimer disease, were shown to increase processing of the beta/A4 amyloid protein precursor via the secretory cleavage pathway. Cholinergic agonists stimulated secretion in human glioma and neuroblastoma cells as well as in PC12 cells transfected with the M1 receptor, while interleukin 1 stimulated secretion in human endothelial and glioma cells.  (+info)

Role of leptin in the control of postprandial pancreatic enzyme secretion. (8/103)

Leptin released by adipocytes has been implicated in the control of food intake but recent detection of specific leptin receptors in the pancreas suggests that this peptide may also play some role in the modulation of pancreatic function. This study was undertaken to examine the effect of exogenous leptin on pancreatic enzyme secretion in vitro using isolated pancreatic acini, or in vivo in conscious rats with chronic pancreatic fistulae. Leptin plasma level was measured by radioimmunoassay following leptin administration to the animals. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of leptin (0.1, 1, 5, 10, 20 or 50 microg/kg), failed to affect significantly basal secretion of pancreatic protein, but markedly reduced that stimulated by feeding. The strongest inhibition has been observed at dose of 10 microg/kg of leptin. Under basal conditions plasma leptin level averaged about 0.15 +/- 0.04 ng/ml and was increased by feeding up to 1.8 +/- 0.4 ng/ml. Administration of leptin dose-dependently augmented this plasma leptin level, reaching about 0.65 +/- 0.04 ng/ml at dose of 10 microg/kg of leptin. This dose of leptin completely abolished increase of pancreatic protein output produced by ordinary feeding, sham feeding or by diversion of pancreatic juice to the exterior. Leptin (10(-10)-10(-7) M) also dose-dependently attenuated caerulein-induced amylase release from isolated pancreatic acini, whereas basal enzyme secretion was unaffected. We conclude that leptin could take a part in the inhibition of postprandial pancreatic secretion and this effect could be related, at least in part, to the direct action of this peptide on pancreatic acini.  (+info)

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Detailed drug Information for Urecholine. Includes common brand names, drug descriptions, warnings, side effects and dosing information.
Bethanechol (Urecholine) 5mg Tablet, This is for priced for individual pills Bethanechol is prescribed to treat problems with urination due to nerve problems in the bladder, or weakness in certain bladder
The correct answer to this question is – Nausea and vomiting. Bethanechol is a cholinergic agonist drug that stimulates muscarinic receptors. It is mostly used to treat bladder problems such as urinary retention and inability to completely empty the bladder. Bethanechol works by increasing the tone of the detrusor muscle in the bladder. This causes a contraction in the bladder, and it is sufficient to cause urination and emptying of the bladder. Since bethanechol is a muscarinic receptor - ProProfs Discuss
Bethanechol is a synthetic ester structurally and pharmacologically related to acetylcholine. A slowly hydrolyzed muscarinic agonist with no nicotinic effects, bethanechol is generally used to increase smooth muscle tone, as in the GI tract following abdominal surgery or in urinary retention in the absence of obstruction. It may cause hypotension, cardiac rate changes, and bronchial spasms.
Bethanechol is a cholinergic agent that stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system. It is most often used related to its effect on improvement of bladder emptying and improvement in esophageal gastric sphincter pressure for reflux control. It is also a salivary stimulant. Bethanechol mouth rinse has been evaluated in patients with cancer in the prevention and management of mucositis. ...
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This medication is used to treat certain bladder problems such as the inability to urinate or empty the bladder completely due to certain causes (e.
Has anyone tried bethanechol for their twitches? I noticed a thread on here from a few years ago were it totally got rid of the members twitches. I also have a friend that is a pharmacist that says that he has given it to customers for muscles spasms ...
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Take our 6-item NCLEX Pharmacology Practice Questions. 50. Bethanechol chloride (Urecholine) is prescribed for a client with urinary retention.Pharmacology Practice Exam Questions: Thousands absolutely free practice questions covering various nursing topics for the NCLEX-RN and other license exams.Nursing Exam Cram Sheet for the NCLEX-RN The final mountain that nursing students must summit before becoming a registered nurse is the NCLEX. questions you can.Set your mind for another 5-item NCLEX Questions for Pharmacology.. This content is intended to be a supplemental resource for nursing graduates, not a program of study for the NCLEX-RN exam.Take this free NCLEX-RN practice exam to see what types of questions are on the NCLEX-RN exam ...
This medication is typically used 3 times a day. However, your doctor or pharmacist may have suggested a different schedule that is more appropriate for you. Take it regularly and continuously to maintain its beneficial effects. Important: Follow the instructions on the label. Do not use more of this product, or more often, than prescribed. If you forget a dose, take it as soon as you remember -- unless it is almost time for your next dose. In that case, skip the missed dose. Do not double the next dose to catch up. This medication should not be taken with food. It is best taken on an empty stomach, one hour before or 2 hours after a meal. ...
Histologically or cytologically confirmed diagnosis of resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma or be willing to undergo a biopsy with confirmed pathology prior to starting ...
To relieve pain that can be associated with disease, injury, or surgery a doctor may prescribe you a pharmaceutical to manage your pain. Pain medications are sorted into different types. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, Corticosteroids, Acetaminophen, Opioids, and Muscle relaxants.
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Yesterday, I called the GI doc to see if we could bring Caleigh in a day early for her appointment. She had been off the MUD antibiotics since Monday and she was already showing signs that the bacterial overgrowth was coming back. She was very fussy (even for her) and she was having a lot of yellow drainage from her button site. Plus she was breathing about a 100 times a minute which told us she was doing her sameole routine. So they got us in the last appointment and we changed up a few things. First we are starting the MUD mixture again and we will keep Caleigh on it for 2 wks and then see how things go again. Our GI doc also added Bethanechol to the array of meds already on Caleighs plate. This med helps the muscle system related to the gastrointestinal tract. Since Caleighs intestinal muscles arent working we hope this med will stimulate them to do the right thing. Our doc also ordered us melatonin to give to Caleigh at bed time. Melatonin is a natural hormone in everyones body that ...
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Drugs may be covered by multiple patents or regulatory protections. All trademarks and applicant names are the property of their respective owners or licensors. Although great care is taken in the proper and correct provision of this service, thinkBiotech LLC does not accept any responsibility for possible consequences of errors or omissions in the provided data. The data presented herein is for information purposes only. There is no warranty that the data contained herein is error free. thinkBiotech performs no independent verifification of facts as provided by public sources nor are attempts made to provide legal or investing advice. Any reliance on data provided herein is done solely at the discretion of the user. Users of this service are advised to seek professional advice and independent confirmation before considering acting on any of the provided information. thinkBiotech LLC reserves the right to amend, extend or withdraw any part or all of the offered service without notice. ...
Drugs may be covered by multiple patents or regulatory protections. All trademarks and applicant names are the property of their respective owners or licensors. Although great care is taken in the proper and correct provision of this service, thinkBiotech LLC does not accept any responsibility for possible consequences of errors or omissions in the provided data. The data presented herein is for information purposes only. There is no warranty that the data contained herein is error free. thinkBiotech performs no independent verifification of facts as provided by public sources nor are attempts made to provide legal or investing advice. Any reliance on data provided herein is done solely at the discretion of the user. Users of this service are advised to seek professional advice and independent confirmation before considering acting on any of the provided information. thinkBiotech LLC reserves the right to amend, extend or withdraw any part or all of the offered service without notice. ...
1. A vicious cycle of malabsorption and malnutrition has been implicated in the pathogenesis of protracted diarrhoeal disease in infancy. Vitamin E deficiency is common in malnourished infants with protracted diarrhoea. We have studied the effects of chronic vitamin E deficiency on small-inestinal secretion and absorption in the rat.. 2. Weanling rats were fed vitamin E-sufficient or -deficient diets for 21 weeks. Jejunal function was studied in vitro in an Ussing chamber after this period.. 3. Steady-state isotopic flux experiments in unstimulated tissues demonstrated net Na+ and Cl−secretion in vitamin E-deficient jejuna but net Na+ and Cl− absorption in vitamin E-sufficient jejuna.. 4. Basal intestinal short-circuit current was the same in both groups.. 5. Cyclic nucleotide and maximal non-neuronal acetylcholine-mediated electrogenic secretion were increased in vitamin E-deficient jejuna.. 6. Exogenous 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) induced a smaller increment in electrogenic secretion ...
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Bethanechol chloride is used to stimulate muscular contractions in the bladder. It is used in animals that have difficulty urinating due to weak bladder tone. It must not be used if there is a bladder obstruction.. ...
Why is this medication prescribed? Myotonachol (Bethanechol) is used to relieve urination difficulties caused by surgery, medications, or other factors.
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Which Version of Serena Williams Is Headed to the Wimbledon Final? Ebony Memories A Photo Treasury UCLA employee who contracted measles ate at campus food court twice as outbreak continues to spread Flight instructor, 62, dies and student is seriously injured after horror helicopter crash Women share the most irrational things they have done under the bethanechol influence of hormones Michael Seidenberg, Who Ran a (Sort of) Secret Bookstore, Dies at 64 How to visit Palermo for under 100 a night Blue Origin is going to the MOON Jeff Bezos unveils giant concept lunar lander Buying bethanechol online. Event meets the UKs biggest rock n roll copycats Fed seen cutting U.S. rates by 25 bps late July BAML Climate Change Fills Storms With More Rain, Analysis Shows I should end up dead 19-year-old pleads for capital punishment after murdering Good Samaritan while high on PCP The Apollo 11 Mission Was Also a Global Media Sensation How Katie Bouman Accidentally Became the Face of the Black Hole ...
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I took Ryan to the dr yesterday. Those of you who have been around at feeding time know he spits up a lot & it seemed to be getting worse. Also he was starting to hurt when he spit up. Dr Shah put him on Zantac & Bethanechol so hopefully this will get better ...
Dear sir: I am urgently need human beta calcitonin gene related peptide gene for my method. Please tell me where to get or buy the gene. Thanks Sincerely Huaichun Wang Institute of Medical Information 27 Taiping Road Beijing 100850 China Fax: 8610 8213044 ...
Presented at: 8th International Symposium on Delivery of Funcionality in Complex Food Systems Type: Conference abstract for conference (Peer reviewed) Status: Published , År: 2019 ...
Article: Modern and Folk Sports in Central Asia under Lenin and Stalin: Uzbekistan 1925 to 1952 Vakanuvis - International Journal of Historical Researches, 2019 Soviet physical culture was a soft power tool used to create healthy and patriotic citizen-soldiers and help modernise the urban Soviet Union: one key strand of this was modern sports. Josef …
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of Cholinergic Agonists on Muscle From Rodent Proximal and Distal Small Intestine. AU - Nowak, Thomas V.. AU - Harrington, Bonnie. PY - 1985/1/1. Y1 - 1985/1/1. N2 - Proximal and distal rat small intestine was cut into strips measuring 6.0 × 10.0 mm. Strips cut along the oral-caudal axis were called longitudinal strips, whereas those cut 90° to that axis were called circular strips. Stress in circular and longitudinal muscle strips was measured continuously as they were superf used with acetylcholine, carbamylcholine, methacholine, bethanechol, or physostigmine. Resting stress during stretch, acetylcholine-stimulated active stress, and total stress were determined. Proximal circular muscle was five times as sensitive to acetylcholine as distal circular muscle (p , 0.05); proximal longitudinal muscle was 2.8 times as sensitive to bethanechol as distal muscle (p , 0.05). Resting, active, and total stress were similar in proximal and distal muscle, but circular muscle ...
NOTA OCORRÊNCIA DE Gynandrobrotica caviceps adumbrata Bech. (COLEOPTERA: GALERUCINAE) NA CULTURA DA SOJA EM PIRACICABA, SP J.B. PINHEIRO1; N.A. VELLO2 1Depto. de Agricultura-EA/UFG, C.P. 131, CEP: 74001-970 - Goiânia, GO. 2Depto. de Genética-ESALQ/USP, C.P. 83, CEP: 13400-970 - Piracicaba, SP. RESUMO: A presença de Gynadrobrotica caviceps adumbrata Bech. foi observada durante as safras de 1990/91 e 1991/92, infestando e danificando folhas de soja, em Piracicaba, SP. Este é o primeiro relato sobre este coleóptero danificando soja no Brasil. Descritores: inseto, praga, Glycine max, soja OCCURRENCE OF Gynandrobrotica caviceps adumbrata Bech. (COLEOPTERA: GALERUCINAE) IN SOYBEAN CROP IN PIRACICABA-SP, BRAZIL ABSTRACT: During the croping seasons of 1990/91 and 1991/92 the presence of Gynadrobrotica caviceps adumbrata Bech., was observed infesting and promoting damage on soybean leaves in Piracicaba, SP. This is the first report on this beetle damaging soybeans in Brazil. Key Words: insect, ...
Question 1 A nurse is working in a womens hospital where she is caring for a new mother who is experiencing postpartum urinary retention. Bethanechol (Urecholine) has been ordered. The nurse will observe for which of the following?. A) Bradycardia. B) Hypertension. C) Hypotension. D) Decreased salivation. Question 2 A woman is receiving magnesium sulfate for intrapartum eclampsia. The patient is perspiring and her blood pressure is 88/50. The serum magnesium level is 10 mg/dL. The nurse will interpret these manifestations as. A) common adverse effects of magnesium sulfate. B) magnesium sulfate toxicity. C) a hypersensitivity reaction to magnesium sulfate. D) an idiosyncratic reaction from the magnesium sulfate. Question 3 A male patient is taking finasteride for BPH.Which of the following will the nurse evaluate at each clinic visit?. A) Serum cholesterol levels. B) Bone growth. C) Hemoglobin levels. D) Urinary elimination patterns. Question 4 A 71-year-old man has just been prescribed ...
Agonists: 77-LH-28-1 • AC-42 • AC-260,584 • Aceclidine • Acetylcholine • AF30 • AF150(S) • AF267B • AFDX-384 • Alvameline • AQRA-741 • Arecoline • Bethanechol • Butyrylcholine • Carbachol • CDD-0034 • CDD-0078 • CDD-0097 • CDD-0098 • CDD-0102 • Cevimeline • cis-Dioxolane • Ethoxysebacylcholine • LY-593,039 • L-689,660 • LY-2,033,298 • McNA343 • Methacholine • Milameline • Muscarine • NGX-267 • Ocvimeline • Oxotremorine • PD-151,832 • Pilocarpine • RS86 • Sabcomeline • SDZ 210-086 • Sebacylcholine • Suberylcholine • Talsaclidine • Thiopilocarpine • Vedaclidine • VU-0029767 • VU-0090157 • VU-0152099 • VU-0152100 • VU-0238429 • WAY-132,983 • Xanomeline • YM- ...
Role of Serotonin in Preeclampsia. Prostaglandins, platelet activating factor, nitric oxide, peroxidase, lipases, histamine, serotonin, lactate, insulin, intracellular calcium, carbon dioxide, osmolarity, pH, and the redox environment are all relevant to cancer, and are affected systemically and locally by estrogen and progesterone in generally opposing ways.. And, obviously, drugs that are intended to increased the effects of nitric oxide (asparagine, zildenafil/Viagra, minoxidil/Rogaine) and acetylcholine (bethanechol, benzpyrinium, etc.) should be avoided.. The basic control of blood flow in the brain is the result of the relaxation of the wall of blood vessels in the presence of carbon dioxide, which is produced in proportion to the rate at which oxygen and glucose are being metabolically combined by active cells. In the inability of cells to produce CO2 at a normal rate, nitric oxide synthesis in blood vessels can cause them to dilate. The mechanism of relaxation by NO is very ...
Rikke Bech, Babak Jalilian, Ralf Agger, Lars Iversen, Mogens Erlandsen, Kristian Otkjaer, Claus Johansen, Søren R. Paludan, Carina A. Rosenberg, Knud Kragballe, Thomas Vorup-Jensen ...
Rikke Bech, Babak Jalilian, Ralf Agger, Lars Iversen, Mogens Erlandsen, Kristian Otkjaer, Claus Johansen, Søren R. Paludan, Carina A. Rosenberg, Knud Kragballe, Thomas Vorup-Jensen ...
The trigeminal vascular system is a key player in the pathophysiology of migraine. Migraines are thought to be triggered when internal or environmental factors are of sufficient intensity to initiate the hyper excitement and activation of the trigeminal nerves. This activation provokes the release of neuroinflammatory mediators resulting in neurogenic inflammation, vasodilation, nociceptor activation, and propagation of pain response.. Some of the most important neuropeptides released in migraine attacks are Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide (CGRP), Substance P, and Serotonin.. Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide (CGRP). Migraine treatment has almost always relied on re-purposing medication developed to treat other conditions. However, the past decade has been tremendous for discoveries in migraine research and breakthroughs in migraine therapy. The aforementioned inflammatory neuropeptide Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide (CGRP) has played a major role in this march towards bespoke, novel targeted ...
Anal fissure is one of the most common as well as widespread benign diseases of the anus. Fissure development is initiated by a mechanical injury that is induced by hard faecal mass and remains unhealed if the blood flow in the tissue surrounding the fissure is reduced and the relaxation of the internal anal sphincter is impaired. Conservative treatment is administered as the initial treatment for anal fissures. In recent years, apart form the traditional treatment options, such as warm-water bath, ointments with nitro-glycerine or calcium-channel blockers, there have been reports of using new drugs for pharmacological sphincterotomy. They include bethanechol, which is a muscarinic receptor agonist, as well as sildenafil - a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor which is a mild dilator of blood vessel smooth muscles. The authors describe a good therapeutic effect achieved with topical treatment with 7% sucralfate (sucrose sulphate-aluminium complex) ointment that is used for the treatment of peptic ...
READ BOOK Lasten by Hanne Bech Hansen. -,-,-,-,ONLINE BOOK Lasten by Hanne Bech Hansen. -,-,-,-, DOWNLOAD BOOK Lasten by Hanne Bech Hansen. Book description. Efter at have fulgt fhv. Politidirektør Hanne Bech Hansens optræden i diverse medier, var det faktisk meget svært at have nogen forventninger til Lasten. Ville den bære præg af hendes lange karriere i Politiet, og således være baseret på politiets faktiske arbejdsmetoder, eller ville den bære præg af hendes til tider lidt klodsede måde at håndtere tingene på? Der var frit valg på alle hylder i forhold til forventninger, og jeg var noget spændt på at læse Lasten.En last kidnappede kinesiske piger, transporteres rundt i Europa i et lastvognstog. Pigerne er solgt til div. bordeller, til en skræmmende fremtid. Noget går galt, og en advokat bliver skudt ned i et indkøbscenter i en forstad til København. Et vidne til nedskydningen bliver efterfølgende likvideret i sit hjem, og så er vi i gang. Den rimeligt nyuddannede ...
CGRP (Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide) is a neuropeptide which is released into the blood stream during a migraine attack and it has a central role in the underlying mechanisms of a migraine attack.. Recent results from clinical trials targeting CGRP are encouraging and the drugs are now entering phase 3 late stage clinical trials to further evaluate the benefits and safety of these new therapies.. In this video clip at the European Academy of Neurology Congress 2016, Prof. Peter Goadsby discusses the rationale for using CGRP antibodies in the treatment of migraine and the study findings so far ...
Tannins are water-soluble polyphenols with anti-nutritional properties but when supplemented at a low dose to the diets may exhibit positive effect on ruminants. Owing to great group diversity, tannins demonstrate various biological activities. They form complexes with nutrients and so they are...
The quest to observe the Higgs boson has certainly been plagued by its share of troubles, from the cancellation of the Superconducting Supercollider in 1993 to the Large Hadron Colliders streak of technical troubles. In fact, the projects have suffered such bad luck that Holger Bech Nielsen of the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen and Masao Ninomiya of the Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics in Kyoto wonder if it isnt bad luck at all, but future influences rippling back to sabotage them. In papers like Test of Effect From Future in Large Hadron Collider: a Proposal and Search for Future Influence From LHC, they put forth the notion that observing the Higgs boson would be such an abhorrent event that the future is actually trying to prevent it from happening ...
The quest to observe the Higgs boson has certainly been plagued by its share of troubles, from the cancellation of the Superconducting Supercollider in 1993 to the Large Hadron Colliders streak of technical troubles. In fact, the projects have suffered such bad luck that Holger Bech Nielsen of the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen and Masao Ninomiya of the Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics in Kyoto wonder if it isnt bad luck at all, but future influences rippling back to sabotage them. In papers like Test of Effect From Future in Large Hadron Collider: a Proposal and Search for Future Influence From LHC, they put forth the notion that observing the Higgs boson would be such an abhorrent event that the future is actually trying to prevent it from happening ...
Nosch, Marie Louise Bech, 2014, KE-RA-ME-JA. Studies Presented to Cynthia W. Shelmerdine. Nakassis, D., Gulizio, J. & James, S. A. (red.). INSTAP Press, s. 91-101 11 s. (PREHISTORY MONOGRAPHS, Bind 46).. Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapport › Bidrag til bog/antologi › Forskning › fagfællebedømt ...
Examples include: Betaine Bethanechol Carnitine and its derivatives Choline and its derivatives Methacholine Muscarine ... Trimethyl ammonium compounds are a type of quaternary ammonium compound with three methyl groups at the nitrogen, with a more ... Trimethylglycine Trimethyl+ammonium+compounds at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). ...
The compound gained by this technique was compared with the natural, purified margatoxin. Both compounds had the same physical ... Upon activation of muscarinic ACh receptors with bethanechol, margatoxin-sensitive current was suppressed. Therefore, it was ... potassium channels but ensures purity as toxin isolated from the scorpion venom risks contamination by other active compounds. ...
Bethanechol is a muscarinic agonist. It is included in the therapy for underactive bladder with poor contraction of detrusor ... Sympathomimetic drugs are stimulant compounds which mimic the effects of endogenous agonists of the sympathetic nervous system ... A low dose of Bethanechol is often used in treatment as increasing the dose can cause side effects like nausea, diarrhea and ... Since contraction of detrusor muscle in the bladder is controlled by the parasympathetic nervous system, Bethanechol can bind ...
... is only a trace compound in the fly agaric Amanita muscaria; the pharmacologically more relevant compounds from this ... A paucity of research exists on the metabolism of muscarine in the human body, suggesting this compound is not metabolized by ... Peter G. Waser; Chemistry and pharmacology of muscarine, muscarone and some related compounds; Pharmacology Department, ... partly explaining the compound's potential toxicity. Muscarine is readily soluble in water. The most likely way for muscarine ...
"PubChem Compound. Retrieved 6 March 2014.. *^ Sanders KM, Zhu MH, Britton F, Koh SD, Ward SM (February 2012). "Anoctamins and ... Carbachol is a choline carbamate and a positively charged quaternary ammonium compound.[2] It is not well absorbed in the ...
Tatsumi M, Groshan K, Blakely RD, Richelson E. (1997). "Pharmacological profile of antidepressants and related compounds at ... "Reversal by bethanechol of sexual dysfunction caused by anticholinergic antidepressants". The American Journal of Psychiatry ... focus on newer generation compounds.". Psychopharmacology (Berl). 114 (4): 559-565. doi:10.1007/BF02244985 . PMID 7855217 . ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Carboxylate esters. *Xanthenes. *Abandoned drugs. *Gastrointestinal system drug stubs ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Bromides. *Tertiary alcohols. *Carboxylate esters. *Gastrointestinal system drug stubs ...
L-Alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine (alpha-GPC, choline alfoscerate) is a natural choline compound found in the brain. It is also ...
Tatsumi M, Groshan K, Blakely RD, Richelson E. (1997). "Pharmacological profile of antidepressants and related compounds at ... "Reversal by bethanechol of sexual dysfunction caused by anticholinergic antidepressants". The American Journal of Psychiatry ... focus on newer generation compounds". Psychopharmacology (Berl). 114 (4): 559-565. doi:10.1007/BF02244985. PMID 7855217.. CS1 ...
Chemically, ipratropium bromide is a quaternary ammonium compound (which is indicated by the -ium per the BAN and the USAN) [13 ...
Tricyclic antidepressants (28 compounds with numerous trade names). *Trihexyphenidyl. *Tropicamide[19]. *Antinicotinic agents * ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. *Bromides. *Benzilate esters. Hidden categories: *Template:drugs.com link with non-standard ...
Isopropyl compounds. *Phenol esters. *Genito-urinary system drug stubs. Hidden categories: *Template:drugs.com link with non- ...
Quaternary ammonium compounds. Hidden categories: *Template:drugs.com link with non-standard subpage ...
As a very weakly basic and also lipophilic compound with low aqueous solubility, cinnarizine is able to cross the blood brain ...
... is an antihistamine and anticholinergic of the pyridine chemical class which was developed in the early 1950s. It was sold under the trade names Co-Pyronil and Histadyl EC.[1] It has relatively strong sedative effects, to the extent that its primary use was as a medication for insomnia rather than for its antihistamine action. Together with scopolamine, it was the main ingredient in Sominex, Nytol, and Sleep-Eze. It also provided the sedative component of Excedrin PM. All of these products were reformulated in the late 1970s when methapyrilene was demonstrated to cause liver cancer in rats when given chronically.[2] ...
The commercial preparations of this drug are the racemic mixture of both enantiomers of the compound. The (+) enantiomer itself ...
... is a cyclized analogue of orphenadrine, diphenhydramine, and tofenacin, with each of these compounds different from one ... The Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems. 46 (11): 1001-16. doi:10.3109/00498254.2015.1136989. PMID 26796604.. .mw- ...
The most common atropine compound used in medicine is atropine sulfate (monohydrate) (C. 17H. 23NO. 3)2·H2SO4·H2O, the full ...
Chemical articles with multiple compound IDs. *Multiple chemicals in an infobox that need indexing ...
... that specifically recognizes methylated putrescine catalyzes the deamination of this compound to 4-methylaminobutanal which ...
ಈ article ಲೇಖನವು the chemical compound. ಇದರ other uses, see Nicotine (disambiguation). ...
... (INN), also known as captodiamine, is an antihistamine sold under the trade names Covatine, Covatix, and Suvren which is used as a sedative and anxiolytic. The structure is related to diphenhydramine.[1] A 2004 study suggested captodiame may be helpful in preventing benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome in people discontinuing benzodiazepine treatment.[1] In addition to its actions as an antihistamine, captodiamine has been found to act as a 5-HT2C receptor antagonist and σ1 receptor and D3 receptor agonist.[2] It produces antidepressant-like effects in rats.[2] However, captodiamine is unique among antidepressant-like drugs in that it increases brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in the hypothalamus but not in the frontal cortex or hippocampus.[2] This unique action may be related to its ability to attenuate stress-induced anhedonia and corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) signaling in the hypothalamus.[2] ...
L-Alpha glycerylphosphorylcholine (alpha-GPC, choline alfoscerate) is a natural choline compound found in the brain. It is also ...
"Bethanechol Compounds" by people in this website by year, and whether "Bethanechol Compounds" was a major or minor topic of ... "Bethanechol Compounds" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Bethanechol Compounds" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Bethanechol Compounds". ...
Cholinomimetic compounds (eg, pilocarpine, methacholine, bethanechol). *Nicotine alkaloids (eg, nicotine, coniine). *Muscarine- ...
Bethanechol. For the treatment of acute postoperative and postpartum nonobstructive (functional) urinary retention and for ... Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with ... Typically employed as the cetylpyridinium chloride salt, this compound is commonly used as an active ingredient in various over ...
Compounding Elder Care Affordable Medicines Hospital/Health System Law MTM Medication Management News & Trends OTC Specialty ... Stability of bethanechol chloride, pyrazinamide, quinidine sulfate, rifampin, and tetracycline hydrochloride in ... extemporaneously compounded oral liquids. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1998;55:1804-1809. 3. Allen LV Jr. Standard operating ... is a sweetened oral suspending vehicle that is used to simplify the process involved in the extemporaneous compounding of oral ...
Bethanechol. Retail Price: $0.55 to $1.59. $0.29 to $0.59. You Save: $0.26 to $1.00 ... Compounds (1). *Dewormers (7). *Flea And Tick (23). *Heartworm (7). *Sentinel (2) ...
Bethanechol. Retail Price: $0.55 to $1.59. $0.29 to $0.59. You Save: $0.26 to $1.00 ... Compounds (1). *Dewormers (1). *Flea And Tick (1). *Heartworm (1). *Urinary Tract (3) ...
bethanechol ligand page. Quantitative data and detailed annnotation of the targets of licensed and experimental drugs. ... Compound class. Synthetic organic Approved drug?. Yes (FDA (no history prior to 1948)). ... Bethanechol is structurally and pharmacologically related to acetylcholine.. Marketed formulations may contain bethanechol ...
04155 BETALIN COMPOUND 40205 BETATREX 04190 BETHANECHOL 40210 BI-K 04225 BICARBONATE OF SODA 04230 BICHLORACETIC ACID 04235 ... 11215 EMPIRIN COMPOUND 11230 EMPIRIN COMPOUND #3 11235 EMPIRIN COMPOUND #4 11240 EMPIRIN COMPOUND W/CODEINE 11245 EMPIRIN NO. 2 ... 28815 SOMA COMPOUND 28820 SOMA COMPOUND W/ CODEINE 28840 SOMOPHYLLIN 28920 SORBITRATE 29015 SPARINE 29050 SPASTOLATE 41505 ... 16125 ISUPREL COMPOUND ELIXIR 16210 K-LOR 41915 K-LYTE 16215 K-LYTE DS 16220 K-LYTE/CL 16245 K-PHOS 16268 K-TAB 16310 KANTREX ...
Nineteen suppliers are listed for this compound. Additional details are available on the bethanechol chloride profile page. ... Additional details are available on the BETHANECHOL CHLORIDE profile page. The generic ingredient in BETHANECHOL CHLORIDE is ... NDA 085839 describes BETHANECHOL CHLORIDE, which is a drug marketed by Able, Actavis Elizabeth, Amneal Pharm, Ascot, Eci Pharms ... bethanechol chloride. There are eight drug master file entries for this compound. ...
Special care is required if this drug is given to patients receiving ganglion blocking compounds because a critical fall in ... BETHANECHOL CHLORIDE tablet. To receive this label RSS feed. Copy the URL below and paste it into your RSS Reader application. ... Bethanechol Chloride Tablets, USP 5 mg tablets are white, 7/16" diameter, round flat faced bevel edge tablets; one side scored ... BETHANECHOL CHLORIDE tablet. If this SPL contains inactivated NDCs listed by the FDA initiated compliance action, they will be ...
Special care is required if this drug is given to patients receiving ganglion blocking compounds because a critical fall in ... BETHANECHOL CHLORIDE tablet. To receive this label RSS feed. Copy the URL below and paste it into your RSS Reader application. ... BETHANECHOL CHLORIDE tablet. If this SPL contains inactivated NDCs listed by the FDA initiated compliance action, they will be ... Bethanechol chloride tablets should preferably be taken one hour before or two hours after meals to avoid nausea or vomiting. ...
If you need a quote for any medication or compound that is not one of our featured items, please submit a request. ... Bethanechol Chloride Flavored Soft Chews Compounded. Bethanechol is commonly used in to stimulate bladder contractions in cats ... Bethanechol Chloride Suspension Compounded. Bethanechol is commonly used in to stimulate bladder contractions in cats and dogs. ... Bethanechol Capsules Compounded. Bethanechol is commonly used in to stimulate bladder contractions in cats and dogs. ...
Twenty-one suppliers are listed for this compound. Additional details are available on the bethanechol chloride profile page. ... Additional details are available on the BETHANECHOL CHLORIDE profile page. The generic ingredient in BETHANECHOL CHLORIDE is ... NDA 040485 describes BETHANECHOL CHLORIDE, which is a drug marketed by Able, Actavis Elizabeth, Amneal Pharm, Ascot, Eci Pharms ... bethanechol chloride. There are eight drug master file entries for this compound. ...
These compounds, when given at label dose to dairy cattle, result in significant decrease in rumen fermentation and a decrease ... Bethanechol (0.07 mg/kg, SC, tid for 2 days) has been used to treat spontaneous cecal dilatation without torsion. Potential ... Neither compound has been approved by the FDA for use in cattle. Parasympathomimetics are sometimes used in practice to ... Therefore, these compounds should only be administered to cattle with a confirmed diagnosis of grain overload. ...
Gastric acid inhibitory action of a GABA-related compound, 3-amino-3-phenylpropionic acid, in the rat. Article date: 1990/4/10 ... Bethanechol Compounds, 3-amino-3-phenylpropionic acid, Baclofen, Muscimol, Phenylalanine, Atropine, Bethanechol ... Substances mentioned in the article: Bethanechol Compounds; Bethanechol; 3-amino-3-phenylpropionic acid; Muscimol; ... Mesh terms: Animals; Atropine/pharmacology; Baclofen/antagonists & inhibitors; Bethanechol; Bethanechol Compounds/pharmacology ...
Examples include: Betaine Bethanechol Carnitine and its derivatives Choline and its derivatives Methacholine Muscarine ... Trimethyl ammonium compounds are a type of quaternary ammonium compound with three methyl groups at the nitrogen, with a more ... Trimethylglycine Trimethyl+ammonium+compounds at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). ...
68; was BETHANECHOL 1964-67 (Prov); URECHOLINE was URECHOLINE CHLORIDE see under BETHANECHOL COMPOUNDS 1968-76. ... use BETHANECHOL COMPOUNDS to search BETHANECHOL 1966-67 (as Prov 1966-67) & URECHOLINE CHLORIDE 1968-76. ... BETHANECHOL is also available. Allowable Qualifiers:. AD administration & dosage. AE adverse effects. AG agonists. AI ... Quaternary ammonium compounds that include BETHANECHOL.. Annotation:. ...
Bethanechol Compounds *Bethanechol *Carbadox *Carbamyl Phosphate *Carbaryl *Carisoprodol *Cobicistat (Elvitegravir, Cobicistat ... Compounds, Elements & more. ⌊Organic Compounds (Organic Chemicals). ⌊Carboxylic Acids. ⌊Acyclic Acids (Ethanoic Acids) ... In organic chemistry, Glutaric Acid (Glutarate or Glutaric Oxoacid) is an organic compound the molecular formula (C3H6(COOH)2). ... In organic chemistry, Dicarboxylic Acid is an acyclic acid organic compound that contains two carboxylic acid groups and have ...
... estrogen-like compounds, testosterone-like compounds, benzodiazepines, adrenergic nerve inhibitors, antidiarrheal agents, HMG- ... using a variety of compounds, including, but not limited to, NO donors, calcium channel blockers, cholinergic modulators, α- ... bethanechol, cisapride, edrophonium, neostigmine, physostigmine, pilocarpine, pyridostigmine, succinylcholine, tacrine, etc. ... In some embodiments, the at least two compounds are selected from the same class of compounds (e.g., both compounds are ...
Estradiol Cypionate Injection (COMPOUNDED) - 2 mg/ ml ROOD & RIDDLE VET PHARMACY. See My Price ...
Bethanechol Compounds , Bethanechol Compounds/administration & dosage , Bethanechol Compounds/analysis , Digestive System/ ... Autonomic Pathways , Bethanechol Compounds , Catheterization , Catheters , Cervix Uteri , Cystostomy , Denervation , Female , ... Autonomic Pathways , Bethanechol Compounds , Catheterization , Catheters , Cervix Uteri , Cystostomy , Denervation , Female , ... Bacteriuria , Bethanechol Compounds , Catheterization , Catheters , Coinfection , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Neuropathies , ...
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Bethanechol Compounds/therapeutic use , Domperidone/therapeutic ... Humans , Gastroesophageal Reflux/drug therapy , Bethanechol Compounds/therapeutic use , Brazil , Domperidone/therapeutic use , ... RESULTS: The metanalysis included four studies on domperidone, two on metoclopramide, and one on bethanechol. No study of ... and bethanechol (n=44; RR 0.19; 95 percentCI 0.05-0.55; NNT 2), but not to metoclopramide (n=71; RR 0.63; 95 percentCI 0.07- ...
Neils Compounding Pharmacy Huntersville, NC works with physicians to come up with solutions that fit their patients ... Compounding Specialists for Pediatrics. FLAVORINGS. TETRACAINE LOLLIPOPS. PROMETHAZINE GEL. BETHANECHOL. RANITIDINE. OMEPRAZOLE ... Compounding Specialists for Sports Medicine. Compounding Specialists for Urologists Family Practice Medicine Compounding ... Family Practice Medicine Compounding Specialists. Compounding Specialists for Obstetrics & Gynecology. Compounding Specialists ...
AntacidsBethanecholBethanechol CompoundsCimetidineCisaprideDomperidoneEsophagitis, PepticGastroesophageal RefluxHumans ...
Bethanechol. A muscarinic agonist used to treat postoperative and postpartum nonobstructive functional urinary retention and ... Nitrogen Compounds. Accession Number. DBCAT000269. Description. Inorganic compounds that contain nitrogen as an integral part ... A cyanide compound which has been used as a fertilizer, defoliant and in many manufacturing processes. It often occurs as the ... A quaternary ammonium compound used to treat carnitine deficiency or to stimulate gastric and pancreatic secretions in ...
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D02.675 Onium Compounds .. D02.675.276 Quaternary Ammonium Compounds .. D02.675.276.148 Bethanechol Compounds .. D02.675. ... PMS-Bethanechol Chloride .. Urecholine .. Urocarb .. Chloride, Bethanechol .. Hermes, Myo .. PMS Bethanechol Chloride .. A ... D02.092.877.883.088 Bethanechol Compounds .. D02.092.877.883.088.100 Bethanechol .. D02.241 Carboxylic Acids .. D02.241.081 ... D02.241.081.251.133 Bethanechol Compounds .. D02.241.081.251.133.100 Bethanechol .. D02.241.081.337 Dicarboxylic Acids .. ...
Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with ... Bethanechol Compounds: 29. *ammonium bromide: 28. *Bis-Trimethylammonium Compounds: 28. *brilliant green: 28 ... Subscribe to New Research on Quaternary Ammonium Compounds Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the ... 11/01/2000 - "The results of more recent studies about the therapeutic role of quaternary ammonium compounds in vulvo-vaginal ...
bethanechol synonyms, bethanechol pronunciation, bethanechol translation, English dictionary definition of bethanechol. n. A ... Bethanechol chloride. *Bethanechol chloride. *Bethanechol compounds. *Bethanechol compounds. *bethanechol-sensivity test. * ... bethanechol. Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia.. Related to bethanechol: Bethanechol chloride. be·than·e·chol. (bĕ-thăn′ĭ-kôl ... Bethanechol - definition of bethanechol by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/bethanechol ...
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  • Marketed formulations may contain bethanechol chloride (PubChem CID 11548 ). (guidetopharmacology.org)
  • Additional details are available on the BETHANECHOL CHLORIDE profile page. (drugpatentwatch.com)
  • The generic ingredient in BETHANECHOL CHLORIDE is bethanechol chloride . (drugpatentwatch.com)
  • Bethanechol chloride, USP, a cholinergic agent, is a synthetic ester which is structurally and pharmacologically related to acetylcholine. (nih.gov)
  • Each tablet for oral administration contains 5 mg, 10 mg, 25 mg or 50 mg bethanechol chloride, USP. (nih.gov)
  • Bethanechol chloride acts principally by producing the effects of stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system. (nih.gov)
  • Bethanechol chloride is not destroyed by cholinesterase and its effects are more prolonged than those of acetylcholine. (nih.gov)
  • Effects on the GI and urinary tracts sometimes appear within 30 minutes after oral administration of bethanechol chloride, but more often 60 to 90 minutes are required to reach maximum effectiveness. (nih.gov)
  • Following oral administration, the usual duration of action of bethanechol chloride is one hour, although large doses (300 to 400 mg) have been reported to produce effects for up to six hours. (nih.gov)
  • Because of the selective action of bethanechol chloride, nicotinic symptoms of cholinergic stimulation are usually absent or minimal when orally or subcutaneously administered in therapeutic doses, while muscarinic effects are prominent. (nih.gov)
  • Bethanechol chloride does not cross the blood-brain barrier because of its charged quaternary amine moiety. (nih.gov)
  • 23-24, July 1977) was conducted on the relative effectiveness of oral and subcutaneous doses of bethanechol chloride on the stretch response of bladder muscle in patients with urinary retention. (nih.gov)
  • Bethanechol chloride is indicated for the treatment of acute postoperative and postpartum nonobstructive (functional) urinary retention and for neurogenic atony of the urinary bladder with retention. (nih.gov)
  • Bethanechol chloride for treatment of clomipramine induced orgasmic dysfunction in males. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The second approach is to attempt to correct the lysosomal defect by a cholinergic agonist, bethanechol chloride. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Benzethonium Chloride Theory : In general, quaternary nitrogen containing compounds like-choline chloride, acetylpyridinium chloride, benzethonium chloride, and bethanechol chloride readily form insoluble salts quantitatively with tetraphenyl boron and this puts forward the basis for the gravimetric assay of the above cited pharmaceutical substances. (oldparn.com)
  • Bethanechol chloride is used to stimulate muscular contractions in the bladder. (thicksonroadpethospital.com)
  • Bethanechol chloride is given by mouth or injection and is used off label to increase urinary or intestinal movement/activity. (nolaanimalclinic.com)
  • Bethanechol Chloride for the Prevention of Bladder Dysfuncti Urology Specialists PC 4704 Whitesburg Metabolism, 2022 Brookwood Medical Ctr. (integratedservicemgt.com)
  • The cholinergics oral bethanechol (such as Urecholine) [C] and injectable neostigmine (Prostigmin) [C] are used for urinary retention, and bethanechol is used for postpartum nonobstructive urinary retention. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • bethanechol prices south africa buy can i buy urecholine at a local drug store buy bethanechol 25 mg identification so here is some information to help. (aircus.com)
  • Quaternary ammonium compounds that include BETHANECHOL. (bvsalud.org)
  • Prokinetic agents include metoclopramide (also known as Reglan), bethanechol (Duvoid) and tegaserod (Zelnorm). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • but only at ~ 1/3 the rate of ACh and it is resistant to BChE Pharmacological Properties of the Choline Esters 1 AChE2 CVS Acetylcholine Methacholine Carbachol Bethanechol 1 2 Muscarinic Effects GIT ++ ++ +++ +++ GUS ++ ++ +++ +++ Eye + + ++ ++ 3 Atropine +++ +++ + +++ 4 Nicotinic ++ + +++ - +++ + th ++ +++ + ± Goodman & Gilman 7 Ed. some substitutions result in resistance to hydrolysis carbachol. (scribd.com)
  • 15. The method of claim 14, wherein the muscarinic agonist is selected from the group consisting of pilocarpine, isopilocarpine lactam, carbachol, bethanechol, methacholine and muscarine. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Methacholine is more resistant to hydroly-sis, and the carbamic acid images of valium pills esters carbachol and bethanechol arestill more resistant to hydrolysis by cholinesterase images of valium pills and have diazepam paypal corre-spondingly longer durations of action. (axsblockchain.com)
  • Bethanechol is a cholinergic agent used to treat urinary retention related to bladder atony. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In urinary retention, if the sphincter fails to relax as bethanechol contracts the bladder, urine may be forced up the ureter into the kidney pelvis. (medlibrary.org)
  • Bethanechol is useful in treating bladder atony which occur in post operative period or post partum. (medicalzone.net)
  • Bethanechol will stimulates the M3 receptors which cause an increase in contraction of the bladder with relaxation of the sphincter of the bladder. (medicalzone.net)
  • Bladder - bethanechol is used in neurogenic bladder and in urinary retention after surgery or childbirth c. (blogspot.com)
  • Fats and oils, important compounds in our diet, are naturally occurring esters and â ¦ Know more about the Synthesis of esters, its mechanism along with examples â ¦ 22.1).Muscarinic effects are much more prominent than nicotinic (see p. 373). (hangszin.hu)
  • FDA is alerting drug compounders that certain lots of baclofen active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) manufactured by Taizhou Xinyou Pharmaceutical & Chemical Co., Limited (Taizhou) Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province, China, may be at risk for contamination with particulates and should not be used to compound sterile injectable drugs. (drugs.com)
  • FDA recommends that no baclofen API from Taizhou be used to manufacture or compound any injectable drugs. (drugs.com)
  • Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with hydrocarbyl groups. (drugbank.ca)
  • Trimethyl ammonium compounds are a type of quaternary ammonium compound with three methyl groups at the nitrogen, with a more complicated carbon chain derivative at the fourth position. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on available information, the affected API may potentially pose serious safety risks for U.S. patients who use or receive injectable drug products compounded with the affected baclofen, especially when administered directly into the spinal column. (drugs.com)
  • Gravimetric analysis may be accomplished by one of the following means and ways : (a) Substances assayed after conversion to Free Acid, (b) Substances assayed after conversion to Free Base, (c) Substances assayed after conversion to Free Compound, and (d) Substances assayed after conversion to Derivatives. (oldparn.com)
  • Bethanechol will not react with muscarinic 1 receptor (M1) on the central nervous system due to bethanechol inability to cross the blood brain barrier. (medicalzone.net)
  • In organic chemistry , Acyclic Acids (Ethanoic Acids) , as organic compounds are 2 carbon straight-chain saturated carboxylic acids , that have an open-chain molecular structures as opposed to ring-shaped structures. (wellnessadvocate.com)
  • 3. A delivery device in accordance with claim 1 wherein said resilient means for sealing said orifice is selected from injection-moldable elastomeric compounds. (google.com)
  • CareFirst Veterinary Pharmacy is an independently owned and operated compounding pharmacy that has knowledge and training in the area of veterinary medications. (cfspharmacy.pharmacy)
  • As a PCCA member, we continually receive the most up to date training and education in the area of compounded veterinary medications. (cfspharmacy.pharmacy)
  • We dispense the highest quality compounded medications and extensively research and test our formulas for potency and stability. (cfspharmacy.pharmacy)
  • Compounding is the art and science of preparing customized medications for patients. (cfspharmacy.pharmacy)
  • Ask your veterinarian or pharmacist about compounded medications today. (cfspharmacy.pharmacy)
  • All medications are compounded in a licensed compounding pharmacy for the use of an individual patient who has been prescribed by a licensed physician. (zionpharmacy.com)
  • She is MTHFR compound heterozygous, but also takes medications that deplete folate. (latitudes.org)
  • A device or using amantadine, bethanechol, buspirone or small abrasions or unacceptable instinctual object satisfying another person's mental experiences are functions of upper abdominal discomfort from the gut lumen and increase up to several factors that contribute to heavy metal poisoning. (bigsurlandtrust.org)
  • A quaternary ammonium compound used to treat carnitine deficiency or to stimulate gastric and pancreatic secretions in hyperlipoproteinemia. (drugbank.com)
  • The synthetic compounds are longer acting and more selective. (blogspot.com)
  • Based on their chemical composition and pharmacologic actions, artificial bear bile, bile from other animals, synthetic compounds, and medicinal plants may be the promising candidates to replace bear bile for. (paolavocalsound.it)
  • CareFirst Specialty Pharmacy adheres and complies with the USP Pharmacopoeia's Chapter 795 for pharmaceutical Compounding in non-sterile environments, which guidelines pharmacies in applying "good compounding practices in the preparation of non-sterile compounded formulations for dispensing and/or administration to humans or animals. (cfspharmacy.pharmacy)
  • The practice of pharmacy compounding is becoming a popular solution to veterinary problems. (cfspharmacy.pharmacy)
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, by systematic review and meta-analysis, randomized studies comparing the prokinetics (domperidone, bromopride, metoclopramide and bethanechol) to placebo in the treatment of gastroesophagic reflux (GER) and gastroesophagic reflux disease (GERD) in children. (bvsalud.org)
  • RESULTS: The metanalysis included four studies on domperidone, two on metoclopramide, and one on bethanechol. (bvsalud.org)
  • Bethanechol will acts on the muscarinic receptors mostly muscarinic 2 ( M2) or muscarinic 3 ( M3) receptors. (medicalzone.net)
  • Upon activation of muscarinic ACh receptors with bethanechol, margatoxin-sensitive current was suppressed. (wikipedia.org)
  • By working closely with your veterinarian, a compounding pharmacist can prepare medicines in easy-to-give flavored dosage forms that animals happily devour, whether your pet is a cat, dog, bird, ferret, or snake. (cfspharmacy.pharmacy)
  • But for over 85 million people in the US, So in really basic terms, buy bethanechol 25 mg tablet us cheap bethanechol qatar Get more weight loss articles at weightlossvault. (aircus.com)
  • Bethanechol is generally used to increase smooth muscle tone, as in the GI tract following abdominal surgery or in urinary retention in the absence of obstruction. (bireme.br)
  • Consider a trial of a cholinergic agonist, such as bethanechol , in patients with urinary retention. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The invention provides PDE9-inhibiting compounds of Formula (I), ##STR00001## and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein R 1 , R 2 , R 3 , A, and n are as defined herein. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Inorganic compounds that contain nitrogen as an integral part of the molecule. (drugbank.com)
  • Gastric acid inhibitory action of a GABA-related compound, 3-amino-3-phenylpropionic acid, in the rat. (muscimol.xyz)
  • GIT - bethanechol is used for postoperative gastric atony and gastroparesis, and in some cases of Hirschprung's disease and gastroesophageal reflux. (blogspot.com)
  • Bethanechol Compounds" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (sickkids.ca)
  • Topical diltiazem and bethanechol decrease anal sphincter pressure without side effects. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Topical diltiazem and bethanechol decrease anal sphincter pressure and heal anal fissures without side effects. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • or b) a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula I, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable vehicle, carrier or diluent. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • 1. A method of treatment of a Janus kinase 3-mediated disorder comprising the administration, to a patient in need thereof, of a therapeutically effective amount of a compound having the structural formula ##STR00215## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Pharmaceutical compositions containing the compounds of Formula I, and uses thereof in treating neurodegenerative and cognitive disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia, are also provided. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • inability to sleep or sleeping too much, buy bethanechol bars cheap cheap bethanechol online without rx remove residue buildup around the base of the hair, This article will tell you more about it. (aircus.com)
  • The i.v. administration of 3-amino-3-phenylpropionic acid (3 and 10 mg/kg) was also effective to abolish the acid stimulatory effects of muscimol (1 mg/kg i.v.) and 2-deoxy-D-glucose (200 mg/kg i.v.). 3-Amino-3-phenylpropionic acid, even at the high dose (30 mg/kg i.v.) had no influence on the acid output in response to histamine and bethanechol. (muscimol.xyz)
  • Compounds derived from TYROSINE via betalamic acid, including BETAXANTHINS and BETACYANINS. (harvard.edu)
  • This organic compound is the product of â esterificationâ reaction occurring between an acid and an alcohol. (hangszin.hu)
  • A new bond is formed between the oxygen atom of the hydroxyl group and the A molecule of water is eliminated once an acid combines with associate degree alcohol to make associate degree organic compound. (hangszin.hu)
  • Ester definition is - any of a class of often fragrant organic compounds that can be represented by the formula RCOOR' and that are usually formed by the reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water. (hangszin.hu)
  • Various other forms of leucaemia have beentreated with less success.arsenic has been used in syphilis in combination with mercury forover a century, and attention has again been drawn to this actionthrough the efficacy of its new organic compounds, for this purposedonovan's solution of the iodides of arsenic and mercury has generallybeen used. (rebsoni.com)
  • cheap diazepam online ireland these new compounds havemade possible major improvements in antibiotic therapy. (axsblockchain.com)
  • A compound that can be used as a topical antiseptic. (drugbank.com)
  • The side effects of bethanechol may include diarrhea, salivation and sweating due to activation of the M3 receptor while bradycardia due to activation of the M2 receptor. (medicalzone.net)