A class in the phylum PROTEOBACTERIA comprised of chemoheterotrophs and chemoautotrophs which derive nutrients from decomposition of organic material.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Liquid water present beneath the surface of the earth.
A phylum of bacteria consisting of the purple bacteria and their relatives which form a branch of the eubacterial tree. This group of predominantly gram-negative bacteria is classified based on homology of equivalent nucleotide sequences of 16S ribosomal RNA or by hybridization of ribosomal RNA or DNA with 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A plant genus of the family Acanthaceae. Members contain NAPHTHOQUINONES. Black mangroves (common name for the genus) are distinguished from other mangroves by their spike-like aerial roots called pneumatophores that project from the soil or water surrounding the plants.
A family of gram-negative nitrifying bacteria, in the order Nitrosomonadales, class BETAPROTEOBACTERIA.
A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly trees and shrubs growing in warm areas.
A plant family of the order Rhizophorales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida, that includes mangrove trees.
Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.
A genus of gram-negative, ellipsoidal or rod-shaped bacteria whose major source of energy and reducing power is from the oxidation of ammonia to nitrite. Its species occur in soils, oceans, lakes, rivers, and sewage disposal systems.
Inorganic compounds that contain nitrogen as an integral part of the molecule.
A colorless alkaline gas. It is formed in the body during decomposition of organic materials during a large number of metabolically important reactions. Note that the aqueous form of ammonia is referred to as AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria that oxidizes nitrites to nitrates. Its organisms occur in aerobic environments where organic matter is being mineralized, including soil, fresh water, and sea water.
Supplies used in building.
A group of proteobacteria consisting of chemoorganotrophs usually associated with the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM of humans and animals.
A group of PROTEOBACTERIA represented by morphologically diverse, anaerobic sulfidogens. Some members of this group are considered bacterial predators, having bacteriolytic properties.
A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.
A person's view of himself.
Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
1861-1865 conflict between the Union (Northern states) and the 11 Southern states that seceded and were organized as the Confederate States of America.
The type species of gram negative, aerobic bacteria in the genus ACHROMOBACTER. Previously in the genus ALCALIGENES, the classification and nomenclature of this species has been frequently emended. The two subspecies, Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. denitrificans and Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans are associated with infections.
A species of METHYLOBACTERIUM which can utilize acetate, ethanol, or methylamine as a sole carbon source. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
A genus of aerobic, gram-negative bacteria in the family FLAVOBACTERIACEAE. Many of its species were formerly in the genus FLAVOBACTERIUM.
A genus of ameboid protozoa. Characteristics include a vesicular nucleus and the formation of several lodopodia, one of which is dominant at a given time. Reproduction occurs asexually by binary fission.
An order of obligately intracellular, gram-negative bacteria that have the chlamydia-like developmental cycle of replication. This is a two-stage cycle that includes a metabolically inactive infectious form, and a vegetative form that replicates by binary fission. Members of Chlamydiales are disseminated by aerosol or by contact. There are at least six recognized families: CHLAMYDIACEAE, Criblamydiaceae, Parachlamydiaceae, Rhabdochlamydia, Simkaniaceae, and Waddliaceae.
A genus of free-living soil amoebae that produces no flagellate stage. Its organisms are pathogens for several infections in humans and have been found in the eye, bone, brain, and respiratory tract.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria often surrounded by a protein microcapsular layer and slime layer. The natural cycle of its organisms generally involves a vertebrate and an invertebrate host. Species of the genus are the etiological agents of human diseases, such as typhus.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains kukulkanin, a CHALCONE.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria, in the family BURKHOLDERIACEAE, that are mobile by means of peritrichous FLAGELLA. The genus was formerly called Wautersia and species in this genus were formerly in the genus RALSTONIA.
A family of flukes (TREMATODA) characterized by a collar of spines at their anterior end. The body is elongated and is covered with spines, and the two suckers are usually close together. (Noble et al., Parasitology: the Biology of Animal Parasites, 6th ed, p183)
A gram-negative, facultatively chemoautotrophic bacterium, formerly called Wautersia eutropha, found in water and soil.
A family of gram negative, aerobic, non-sporeforming, rod-shaped bacteria.
The genetic complement of a BACTERIA as represented in its DNA.
The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.

Use of molecular and isotopic techniques to monitor the response of autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing populations of the beta subdivision of the class proteobacteria in arable soils to nitrogen fertilizer. (1/369)

This study examined the effects of NH(4)NO(3) fertilizer on the size and activity of nitrifying, autotrophic, ammonia-oxidizing populations of the beta subdivision of the class Proteobacteria in arable soils. Plots under different long-term fertilizer regimes were sampled before and after NH(4)NO(3) additions, and the rates of nitrification were determined by (15)N isotopic pool dilution assays. Ammonia-oxidizing populations in the plots were quantified by competitive PCR assays based on the amoA and ribosomal 16S genes. Prior to fertilizer addition, ammonium concentrations and nitrification rates in the plots were comparatively low; ammonia-oxidizing populations were present at 10(4) to 10(5) gene copies g of soil(-1). Three days after the application of fertilizer, nitrification rates had risen considerably but the size of the ammonia-oxidizing population was unchanged. Six weeks after fertilizer treatment, ammonium concentrations and nitrification rates had fallen while the ammonia-oxidizing populations in plots receiving fertilizer had increased. The rapidity of the rise in nitrification rates observed after 3 days suggests that it results from phenotypic changes in the ammonia-oxidizing bacterial population. Associated increases in population sizes were only observed after 6 weeks and did not correlate directly with nitrifying activity. Phylogenetic analyses of PCR products from one of the plots revealed a population dominated by Nitrosospira-type organisms, similar to those prevalent in other soils.  (+info)

Purification, characterization, and gene analysis of a chitosanase (ChoA) from Matsuebacter chitosanotabidus 3001. (2/369)

The extracellular chitosanase (34,000 M(r)) produced by a novel gram-negative bacterium Matsuebacter chitosanotabidus 3001 was purified. The optimal pH of this chitosanase was 4.0, and the optimal temperature was between 30 and 40 degrees C. The purified chitosanase was most active on 90% deacetylated colloidal chitosan and glycol chitosan, both of which were hydrolyzed in an endosplitting manner, but this did not hydrolyze chitin, cellulose, or their derivatives. Among potential inhibitors, the purified chitosanase was only inhibited by Ag(+). Internal amino acid sequences of the purified chitosanase were obtained. A PCR fragment corresponding to one of these amino acid sequences was then used to screen a genomic library for the entire choA gene encoding chitosanase. Sequencing of the choA gene revealed an open reading frame encoding a 391-amino-acid protein. The N-terminal amino acid sequence had an excretion signal, but the sequence did not show any significant homology to other proteins, including known chitosanases. The 80-amino-acid excretion signal of ChoA fused to green fluorescent protein was functional in Escherichia coli. Taken together, these results suggest that we have identified a novel, previously unreported chitosanase.  (+info)

Janthinobacterium agaricidamnosum sp. nov., a soft rot pathogen of Agaricus bisporus. (3/369)

A novel bacterium has been found that causes a soft rot disease of Agaricus bisporus, the cultivated mushroom. It has been characterized using nutritional, physiological, chemical and molecular techniques. Based on these data, it was shown to have many characteristics in common with members of the genus Janthinobacterium. Despite similarities to the only described species within this genus, Janthinobacterium lividum, there were a number of differences between the mushroom pathogen isolated and this species. Despite the high degree of genotypic similarity between members of the genus Janthinobacterium and Herbaspirillum, as evidenced by DNA-RNA hybridization, and the high degree of 16S rDNA sequence similarity between members of the genera Janthinobacterium, Herbaspirillum, Oxalobacter and Duganella, as well as the generically misnamed Pseudomonas lemoignei, it was possible to show that members of the genus Janthinobacterium could be easily distinguished from these taxa. The data also indicated that the mushroom pathogenic strains represent a novel species within the genus Janthinobacterium for which the name Janthinobacterium agaricidamnosum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of this species has been deposited in the Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany, as DSM 9628T and at the National Collection of Plant-pathogenic bacteria, UK, as NCPPB 3945T. To aid practical control of the disease, the effect of the relative humidity on symptom expression on Agaricus bisporus was determined.  (+info)

Endosymbiotic microbiota of the bamboo pseudococcid Antonina crawii (Insecta, Homoptera). (4/369)

We characterized the intracellular symbiotic microbiota of the bamboo pseudococcid Antonina crawii by performing a molecular phylogenetic analysis in combination with in situ hybridization. Almost the entire length of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene was amplified and cloned from A. crawii whole DNA. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis revealed that the clones obtained included three distinct types of sequences. Nucleotide sequences of the three types were determined and subjected to a molecular phylogenetic analysis. The first sequence was a member of the gamma subdivision of the division Proteobacteria (gamma-Proteobacteria) to which no sequences in the database were closely related, although the sequences of endosymbionts of other homopterans, such as psyllids and aphids, were distantly related. The second sequence was a beta-Proteobacteria sequence and formed a monophyletic group with the sequences of endosymbionts from other pseudococcids. The third sequence exhibited a high level of similarity to sequences of Spiroplasma spp. from ladybird beetles and a tick. Localization of the endosymbionts was determined by using tissue sections of A. crawii and in situ hybridization with specific oligonucleotide probes. The gamma- and beta-Proteobacteria symbionts were packed in the cytoplasm of the same mycetocytes (or bacteriocytes) and formed a large mycetome (or bacteriome) in the abdomen. The spiroplasma symbionts were also present intracellularly in various tissues at a low density. We observed that the anterior poles of developing eggs in the ovaries were infected by the gamma- and beta-Proteobacteria symbionts in a systematic way, which ensured vertical transmission. Five representative pseudococcids were examined by performing diagnostic PCR experiments with specific primers; the beta-Proteobacteria symbiont was detected in all five pseudococcids, the gamma-Proteobacteria symbiont was found in three, and the spiroplasma symbiont was detected only in A. crawii.  (+info)

Identification of polyphosphate-accumulating organisms and design of 16S rRNA-directed probes for their detection and quantitation. (5/369)

Laboratory-scale sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) as models for activated sludge processes were used to study enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) from wastewater. Enrichment for polyphosphate-accumulating organisms (PAOs) was achieved essentially by increasing the phosphorus concentration in the influent to the SBRs. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using domain-, division-, and subdivision-level probes was used to assess the proportions of microorganisms in the sludges. The A sludge, a high-performance P-removing sludge containing 15.1% P in the biomass, was comprised of large clusters of polyphosphate-containing coccobacilli. By FISH, >80% of the A sludge bacteria were beta-2 Proteobacteria arranged in clusters of coccobacilli, strongly suggesting that this group contains a PAO responsible for EBPR. The second dominant group in the A sludge was the Actinobacteria. Clone libraries of PCR-amplified bacterial 16S rRNA genes from three high-performance P-removing sludges were prepared, and clones belonging to the beta-2 Proteobacteria were fully sequenced. A distinctive group of clones (sharing >/=98% sequence identity) related to Rhodocyclus spp. (94 to 97% identity) and Propionibacter pelophilus (95 to 96% identity) was identified as the most likely candidate PAOs. Three probes specific for the highly related candidate PAO group were designed from the sequence data. All three probes specifically bound to the morphologically distinctive clusters of PAOs in the A sludge, exactly coinciding with the beta-2 Proteobacteria probe. Sequential FISH and polyphosphate staining of EBPR sludges clearly demonstrated that PAO probe-binding cells contained polyphosphate. Subsequent PAO probe analyses of a number of sludges with various P removal capacities indicated a strong positive correlation between P removal from the wastewater as determined by sludge P content and number of PAO probe-binding cells. We conclude therefore that an important group of PAOs in EBPR sludges are bacteria closely related to Rhodocyclus and Propionibacter.  (+info)

Confirmation of Thiobacillus denitrificans as a species of the genus Thiobacillus, in the beta-subclass of the Proteobacteria, with strain NCIMB 9548 as the type strain. (6/369)

Thiobacillus denitrificans is physiologically similar to the type species of the genus Thiobacillus, Thiobacillus Thioparus, and both are located in the beta-subclass of the Proteobacteria. T. denitrificans is distinguished from all other Thiobacillus species by its ability to grow as a facultatively anaerobic chemolithotroph, coupling the oxidation of inorganic sulfur compounds to the reduction of nitrate, nitrite and other oxidized nitrogen compounds to dinitrogen. A definitive description of this species is provided and strain NCIMB 9548T is designated as the type strain of the species, thereby correcting an earlier error in the literature.  (+info)

Tepidimonas ignava gen. nov., sp. nov., a new chemolithoheterotrophic and slightly thermophilic member of the beta-Proteobacteria. (7/369)

A bacterial isolate with an optimum growth temperature of about 55 degrees C was recovered on a medium composed of one part Kligler's iron agar and four parts of Thermus Agar from the host spring at Sao Pedro do Sul in central Portugal. Phylogenetic analyses using the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain SPS-1037T indicated that the new organism represented a new genus and species of beta-Proteobacteria. The major fatty acids of strain SPS-1037T are C16:0 and C17:0. Ubiquinone 8 is the major respiratory quinone, and the major polar lipids are phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol. The new isolate is aerobic and chemolithoheterotrophic. Thiosulfate and tetrathionate were oxidized to sulfate. The growth yield of the organism was improved by the addition of thiosulfate to media containing organic carbon sources, but the organism did not grow autotrophically under the conditions examined. Heterotrophic growth of strain SPS-1037T occurs on amino acids and organic acids, but this organism does not assimilate carbohydrates. On the basis of the phylogenetic analyses, and physiological and biochemical characteristics, it is proposed that strain SPS-1037T represents a new genus and a new species for which the name Tepidimonas ignava is proposed.  (+info)

Description of Pandoraea gen. nov. with Pandoraea apista sp. nov., Pandoraea pulmonicola sp. nov., Pandoraea pnomenusa sp. nov., Pandoraea sputorum sp. nov. and Pandoraea norimbergensis comb. nov. (8/369)

A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on a group of isolates tentatively identified as Burkholderia cepacia, Ralstonia pickettii or Ralstonia paucula (formerly known as CDC group IVc-2). The isolates were mainly cultured from sputum of cystic fibrosis patients or from soil. SDS-PAGE of whole-cell proteins and AFLP fingerprinting distinguished at least five different species, and this was confirmed by DNA-DNA hybridizations. 16S rDNA sequence analysis of representative strains indicated that these organisms belong to the beta-subclass of the Proteobacteria, with the genera Burkholderia and Ralstonia as closest neighbours. Based on genotypic and phenotypic characteristics, the organisms were classified in a novel genus, Pandoraea. The DNA base composition of the members of the new genus is between 61.2 and 64.3 mol%. This novel genus includes four new species, Pandoraea apista (the type species) (type strain is LMG 16407T), Pandoraea pulmonicola (type strain is LMG 18106T), Pandoraea pnomenusa (type strain is LMG 18087T) and Pandoraea sputorum (type strain is LMG 18819T), and Pandoraea norimbergensis (Wittke et al. 1997) comb. nov. (type strain is LMG 18379T). The available clinical data indicate that at least some of these organisms may cause chronic infection in, and can be transmitted amongst, cystic fibrosis patients.  (+info)

Betaproteobacteria are a class of gram-negative bacteria, and one of the eight classes of the phylum Proteobacteria.[1] The Betaproteobacteria are a class comprising over 75 genera and 400 species of bacteria.[2] Together, the Betaproteobacteria represent a broad variety of metabolic strategies and occupy diverse environments from obligate pathogens living within host organisms to oligotrophic groundwater ecosystems. Whilst most members of the Betaproteobacteria are heterotrophic, deriving both their carbon and electrons from organocarbon sources, some are photoheterotrophic, deriving energy from light and carbon from organocarbon sources. Other genera are autotrophic, deriving their carbon from bicarbonate or carbon dioxide and their electrons from reduced inorganic ions such as nitrite, ammonium, thiosulfate or sulfide [1] - many of these chemolithoautotrophic Betaproteobacteria are economically important, with roles in maintaining soil pH and in elementary cycling. Other economically ...
Ammonia-oxidizing communities in a highly aerated full-scale activated sludge bioreactor: betaproteobacterial dynamics and low relative abundance of ...
Archaeal dominated ammonia-oxidizing communities in Icelandic grassland soils are moderately affected by long-term N fertilization and geothermal heating
Natural Habitat: A. phosphatis was recently found in estuary and fresh water sediments (Peterson, 2008). Survey of freshwater, terrestrial, and estuary soil samples with PCR indicated presence of Accumulibacter. Additional evidence for the existence of A. phosphatis in a natural environment is that genetic sequencing of this species in labs on two different continents showed close genetic similarity (Peterson, 2008). Sequence similarities over large distances leads to a high probability that A. phosphatis exists in the space in between the tested locations, allowing for gene transfer. This species has numerous traits that could give it competitive advantage in oligotrophic environments, including accelerated phosphorous and nitrogen uptake (Peterson, 2008). Biogeochemical Significance: A. phosphatis is a type of polyphosphate accumulating organism (PAO). PAOs are able to accumulate large amounts of phosphorus in the anaerobic zones of waste water treatment sludge. Sludge that was formed with ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Burkholderiales; unclassified Burkholderiales; Burkholderiales Genera incertae sedis; Rubrivivax; Rubrivivax ...
Lineage: cellular organisms; Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Burkholderiales; unclassified Burkholderiales; Burkholderiales Genera incertae sedis; Thiomonas; Thiomonas ...
article{0e4656d0-ee6d-4530-be21-b61a51e388cd, abstract = {The aim of this study was to clarify the pathway of electron transfer between the inner membrane components and the periplasmic chlorate reductase. Several soluble c-type cytochromes were found in the periplasm. The optical difference spectrum of dithionite-reduced periplasmic extract shows that at least one of these components is capable of acting as an electron donor to the enzyme chlorate reductase. The cytochromes were partially separated, and the fractions were analyzed by UV/visible spectroscopy to determine the ability of donating electrons to chlorate reductase. Our results show that one of the c cytochromes (6 kDa) is able to donate electrons, both to chlorate reductase and to the membrane-bound cytochrome c oxidase, whereas the roles of the remaining c cytochromes still remain to be elucidated. Peptide extracts of the c cytochromes were obtained by tryptic in-gel digestion for matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization -time of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Fatal case of Herbaspirillum seropedicae bacteremia secondary to pneumonia in an end-stage renal disease patient with multiple myeloma. AU - Suwantarat, Nuntra. AU - Adams, LaTonzia L.. AU - Romagnoli, Mark. AU - Carroll, Karen C. PY - 2015/8/1. Y1 - 2015/8/1. N2 - Herbaspirillum spp. are rare causes of human infections associated primarily with bacteremia in cancer patients. We report the first fatal case of bacteremia secondary to pneumonia caused by Herbaspirillum seropedicae in a 65-year-old man with end-stage renal disease and multiple myeloma.. AB - Herbaspirillum spp. are rare causes of human infections associated primarily with bacteremia in cancer patients. We report the first fatal case of bacteremia secondary to pneumonia caused by Herbaspirillum seropedicae in a 65-year-old man with end-stage renal disease and multiple myeloma.. KW - Bacteremia. KW - Gram-negative rods. KW - Herbaspirillum seropedicae. KW - Non-fermenters. KW - Oxidase-positive. KW - Pneumonia. UR - ...
ID Q47HC2_DECAR Unreviewed; 312 AA. AC Q47HC2; DT 13-SEP-2005, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 13-SEP-2005, sequence version 1. DT 08-MAY-2019, entry version 77. DE SubName: Full=40-residue YVTN beta-propeller repeat {ECO:0000313,EMBL:AAZ45759.1}; GN OrderedLocusNames=Daro_1003 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:AAZ45759.1}; OS Dechloromonas aromatica (strain RCB). OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Rhodocyclales; OC Azonexaceae; Dechloromonas. OX NCBI_TaxID=159087 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:AAZ45759.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000000550}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000000550} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=RCB {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000000550}; RX PubMed=19650930; DOI=10.1186/1471-2164-10-351; RA Salinero K.K., Keller K., Feil W.S., Feil H., Trong S., Di Bartolo G., RA Lapidus A.; RT Metabolic analysis of the soil microbe Dechloromonas aromatica str. RT RCB: indications of a surprisingly complex life-style and cryptic RT anaerobic pathways for aromatic ...
Have any other fresh market growers had a dreaded case of bitter poison Delicatas? GTFs padrone, John Eveland, had more than one market customer approach him in autumn of 2000 with terrifying accounts of throat clenching bitterness from a single bite of his perfect Delicata squash. The victims were so emphatic, the threat of legal action so palpable, that John began calling every Delicata source in the country to find out exactly where his seed came from, and to make sure he didnt plant seed from the same lot again. Turns out, every dealer in the USA had seed from the same field in Colorado, and this huge lot was very slightly contaminated by the bitterness gene found in C. pepo gourds. Perhaps one bitter squash in several thousand...What to do? John had kept his own Delicata seed from 1988 thru 1994 (when he went over to buying commercial seed). We went into the freezer to find his old selection, and used this for stock seed in 2001. We found the fruits longer and more uniform, finer ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
I cut, seeded and sliced the delicata squash. I did not peel this squash, as the peel is edible. I mixed the slices with 1 teaspoon of walnut oil and roasted at 400 F. for 40 minutes. Then I added 1/2 cup of cranberry chutney to the roasted vegetables and served. 1 delicata squash with 1/2 cup of chutney serves 2. ...
SWISS-MODEL Template Library (SMTL) entry for 4ure.1. Molecular Genetic and Crystal Structural Analysis of 1-(4- Hydroxyphenyl)-Ethanol Dehydrogenase from Aromatoleum aromaticum EbN1
Shop Beta-phenylalanine transaminase ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Beta-phenylalanine transaminase Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
Estudo da produção de Polihidroxibutirato por Herbaspirillum seropedicae SmR1 e seu mutante ntrC em diferentes fontes de carbono e relações carbono/nitrogênio:
ID Q13RX3_PARXL Unreviewed; 102 AA. AC Q13RX3; DT 22-AUG-2006, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 22-AUG-2006, sequence version 1. DT 07-JUN-2017, entry version 78. DE RecName: Full=Exodeoxyribonuclease 7 small subunit {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00337}; DE EC=3.1.11.6 {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00337}; DE AltName: Full=Exodeoxyribonuclease VII small subunit {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00337}; DE Short=Exonuclease VII small subunit {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00337}; GN Name=xseB {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00337}; GN ORFNames=Bxe_B2829 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ABE33166.1}; OS Paraburkholderia xenovorans (strain LB400). OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Burkholderiales; OC Burkholderiaceae; Paraburkholderia. OX NCBI_TaxID=266265 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ABE33166.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000001817}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ABE33166.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000001817} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=LB400 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ABE33166.1, RC ...
The DTU researchers are more interested in the two enzymes than in the bacterium itself. Ideonella sakaiensis breaks down PET, but the process is very slow. In addition, there are a number of practical problems with using microorganisms for industrial purposes. It takes a certain amount of time before the bacteria have established themselves and reach a volume that really makes a difference. Furthermore, you often run into unforeseen issues where the microorganisms are not thriving. Therefore, it may be more interesting to skip the bacteria itself and instead focus on imitating the enzymes process, says Anne Meyer. We want to understand how we can make the enzymes work faster. We need to accelerate the process by a factor of 100 or maybe even 1,000 before we have a solid business case. This may sound drastic, but we now have extensive experience with protein engineering, where we take natural processes and speed them up. I am sure that we can reach an improvement of a factor of 10 pretty ...
The only portion that is being developed is the main entrance area with a shelter and landscaped beds, and the main circulation path that is turfed with Zoysia matrella. There are 3 zones within this large park and they are the open wasteland, the freshwater pond and the secondary forest trail. ...
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Limacella glioderma Limacella delicata var. glioderma ruskolimalakki brun klibbskivling tapad s őzl bgomba orangebrun snekkehat melsneglehatt oranjebruine kleefparasol limacelle gluante Schmieriger ...
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Spatial distribution of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in the biofilm and suspended growth biomass of the full- and partial-bed biological aerated ...
ID A1WDT7_VEREI Unreviewed; 483 AA. AC A1WDT7; DT 06-FEB-2007, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 06-FEB-2007, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 87. DE RecName: Full=Chromosomal replication initiator protein DnaA {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00377, ECO:0000256,RuleBase:RU000577, ECO:0000256,SAAS:SAAS00724181}; GN Name=dnaA {ECO:0000256,HAMAP-Rule:MF_00377}; GN OrderedLocusNames=Veis_0001 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ABM55794.1}; OS Verminephrobacter eiseniae (strain EF01-2). OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Burkholderiales; OC Comamonadaceae; Verminephrobacter. OX NCBI_TaxID=391735 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:ABM55794.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000000374}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000000374} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=EF01-2 {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000000374}; RA Copeland A., Lucas S., Lapidus A., Barry K., Detter J.C., RA Glavina del Rio T., Dalin E., Tice H., Pitluck S., Chertkov O., RA Brettin T., Bruce D., Han C., Tapia R., Gilna P., ...
Abu Baba, Imran and Rigó, Gábor and Ayaydin, Ferhan and Rehman, Ateeq Ur and Andrási, Norbert and Zsigmond, Laura and Valkai, Ildiko and Vass, Imre and Szabados, László and Cséplő, Ágnes (2018) Functional Analysis of the Arabidopsis thaliana CDPK-Related Kinase Family: AtCRK1 Regulates Responses to Continuous Light. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 19 (5). ISSN 1661-6596 Lajkó, Dézi Bianka and Valkai, Ildiko and Domoki, Mónika and Ménesi, Dalma and Ferenc, Györgyi and Ayaydin, Ferhan and Fehér, Attila (2018) In silico identification and experimental validation of amino acid motifs required for the Rho-of-plants GTPase-mediated activation of receptor-like cytoplasmic kinases. PLANT CELL REPORTS, 37 (4). pp. 627-639. ISSN 0721-7714 Kis, Mariann and Sipka, Gábor and Ayaydin, Ferhan and Maróti, Péter (2018) The biophysics of a critical phenomenon: colonization and sedimentation of the photosynthetic bacteria Rubrivivax gelatinosus. EUROPEAN BIOPHYSICS JOURNAL. ISSN ...
Delicata is a small, oblong squash variety, with thin, edible skin. This recipe plays off its natural sweetness with savory elements like sage, garlic, Italian sausage, Parmesan and Romano cheese. Like a favorite fall sweater, this piece of my cooking ensemble is something Im always happy to dig out of the recipe files after a long, hot summer.. Swiss chard kicks up the nutrition without adding goitrogens, like those found in kale, collard greens, mustard greens, spinach, bok choy, and cabbage. However, if youre fond of those varieties, its helpful to note that cooking goitrogenic foods greatly reduces or eliminates their goitrogenic compounds. Speaking of which, there is one goitrogenic food included in this recipe, which is pine nuts. They are toasted to reduce goitrogens, but feel free to substitute another nut of your choice. Pecans would be lovely.. ...
ID W8WYL2_CASDE Unreviewed; 561 AA. AC W8WYL2; DT 14-MAY-2014, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 14-MAY-2014, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 19. DE SubName: Full=Glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CDM24848.1}; DE EC=1.1.5.3 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CDM24848.1}; GN ORFNames=BN940_11951 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CDM24848.1}; OS Castellaniella defragrans 65Phen. OC Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Burkholderiales; OC Alcaligenaceae; Castellaniella. OX NCBI_TaxID=1437824 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CDM24848.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000019805}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CDM24848.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000019805} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=65Phen {ECO:0000313,EMBL:CDM24848.1}; RX PubMed=24952578; DOI=10.1186/1471-2180-14-164; RA Petasch J., Disch E.M., Markert S., Becher D., Schweder T., Huttel B., RA Reinhardt R., Harder J.; RT The oxygen-independent metabolism of cyclic monoterpenes in RT Castellaniella defragrans 65Phen.; RL BMC ...
Freshwater ponds, lakes and rivers often see an influx of aquatic plants that may negatively affect the quality of the water. Grass carp, who eat just about anything green growing in the water, offer ...
PaulRoberts posted: Filmed in a freshwater pond in Colorado. It is likely a larval...something...and appears to be around a bit under an inch (20mm) in length. It appears to be nea...
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Pielea ta este ca panza unui pictor. Ii admiri frumusetea si e ca o amprenta personala, pentru ca fiecare linie fina, fiecare imperfectiune, fiecare semn si chiar textura ei sunt paragrafe din jurnalul posesoarei. Indosariaza grija, atingerile, dar si efectele timpului si ale factorilor externi, de aceea ingrijirea pielii trebuie sa fie un ritual de frumusete personalizat. Roge Cavailles recomanda sa incepi de la imbaiere cu o ingrijire delicata cu trei produse care iti vor rasfata fiecare centimetru de piele.. Momentul imbaierii, fie ca optezi pentru un dus rapid sau pentru o baie relaxanta, trebuie sa fie privit ca timpul tau, ca o evadare scurta si placută. Bucura-te de o adevarata experienta senzoriala, invaluindu-te intr-un parfum delicat si lasand ingredientele hranitoare ale uleiului satinat sau ale sapunului cremos Roge Cavailles sa aiba grija de pielea ta. Iar la final, ca pielea ta să fie protejata, hidratata si parfumata pe tot parcursul zilei, aplica laptele de corp Nutrissance ...
The Rx Review: Reporting on Fitness and CrossFit News, John Michael Bric This week we take a moment to review the Herculin Extreme Pre-Workout supplement by EBN Sports Nutrition. Item: Herculin Extreme Pre-Workout Price: $54 USD (450 grams) Retailer: EBN Sports Nutrition Purchase: www.EBNSports.com The current supplement market is flooded with hundreds of different pre-workout products. Many of which claim to…
Looking for online definition of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in the Medical Dictionary? ammonia-oxidizing bacteria explanation free. What is ammonia-oxidizing bacteria? Meaning of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria medical term. What does ammonia-oxidizing bacteria mean?
In the aerobic phase of the biological phosphorus removal process, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate, produced during anaerobic conditions, is used for cell growth, phosphate uptake, and glycogen formation. A metabolic model of this process has been developed. The yields for growth, polyphosphate and glycogen formation are quantified using the coupling of all these conversions to the oxygen consumption. The uptake of phosphate and storage as polyphosphate is shown to have a direct effect on the observed oxygen consumption in the aerobic phase. The overall energy requirements for the P-metabolism are substantial: 25% of the acetate consumed during anaerobic conditions and 60% of the oxygen consumptions is used for the synthesis of polyphosphate and glycogen. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Stabilisation of the Biological Phosphorus Removal during Low Inlet Concentrations. AU - Krühne, Ulrich. AU - Larose, C.A.. AU - Jørgensen, Sten Bay. PY - 2001. Y1 - 2001. M3 - Conference article. SP - 469. EP - 476. JO - Journal of Biotechnology. JF - Journal of Biotechnology. SN - 0168-1656. ER - ...
Susceptibility of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria to nitrification inhibitors.: Activity of nitrification inhibitors to several typical ammonia-oxidizing bacteria is
Nitrosospira briensis C-128 is an ammonia-oxidizing bacterium isolated from an acid agricultural soil. N. briensis C-128 was sequenced with PacBio RS technologies at the DOE-Joint Genome Institute through their Community Science Program (2010). The high-quality finished genome contains one chromosome of 3.21 Mb and no plasmids. We identified 3073 gene models, 3018 of which are protein coding. The two-way average nucleotide identity between the chromosomes of Nitrosospira multiformis ATCC 25196 and Nitrosospira briensis C-128 was found to be 77.2 %. Multiple copies of modules encoding chemolithotrophic metabolism were identified in their genomic context. The gene inventory supports chemolithotrophic metabolism with implications for function in soil environments.. View Publication. ...
Ammonia-Oxidizing Bacteria AOB Definition - Ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (the Nitrosomonas genus) play an important role in the nitrification process. Their...
Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of PCR amplicons of the ammonia monooxygenase gene (amoA) was developed and employed to investigate the diversity of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) in four different habitats. The results were compared to DGGE of PCR-amplified partial 16S rDNA sequenc …
Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) process is commonly applied for the removal of phosphorus (P) from wastewater. Realizing the rapid urbanization and population growth around the world, nutrient pollution problems has gained global concerns. The increasing array of Malaysias regulatory requirements on sewage treatment plants (STPs) is part of the abatement strategies on nutrient pollution issue. Reliably meeting low effluent limits can be difficult when EBPR process operated at temperature higher than 25oC. Thus, there is an urgent need to evaluate the applicability and compliance accountability of EBPR process for STPs in tropical climates with relatively high temperatures around 25oC - 32oC. In this study, the EBPR performance at the temperature range of 24oC - 32oC and its microbiological aspects, the population abundance and dynamic of PAOs and GAOs as well as the fine scale population of Candidatus Accumulibacter phosphatis (hereafter named Accumulibacter) were investigated. ...
Herbaspirillum seropedicae SmR1 is a nitrogen fixing endophyte associated with important agricultural crops. It produces polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) which is stored intracellularly as granules. However, PHB metabolism and regulatory control is not yet well studied in this organism. In this work we describe the characterization of the PhbF protein from H. seropedicae SmR1 which was purified and characterized after expression in E. coli. The purified PhbF protein was able to bind to eleven putative promoters of genes involved in PHB metabolism in H. seropedicae SmR1. In silico analyses indicated a probable DNA-binding sequence which was shown to be protected in DNA footprinting assays using purified PhbF. Analyses using lacZ fusions showed that PhbF can act as a repressor protein controlling the expression of PHB metabolism-related genes. Our results indicate that H. seropedicae SmR1 PhbF regulates expression of phb-related genes by acting as a transcriptional repressor. The knowledge of the PHB metabolism
This paper describes several techniques and methods for sludge characterization which are recently developed and used in our ongoing research on biological phos
I found this recipe and immediately thought...YUM! Lots of color, flavor and protein to keep full and satisfied. What a great way to spring into fresh produce season...one of my favorite times of year. Delicata squash can often be over-looked, but it is a great, mild flavored squash that can brighten up your table and lighten up your diet. Your local farmers market is bound to carry these treasures.. or experiment with growing them yourself! Dig in and let me know what you think!. INGREDIENTS. ...
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General disclaimer. Content made available on this website and on its sub-sites (jointly, the Site) is provided for information purposes only (Information) and must not be considered as financial analysis or any other form of recommendation. The Information is not intended to be used as a substitute for investment advice. There is no obligation of Raiffeisen Centrobank AG (RCB) to keep the Information up-to-date.. Nothing contained herein should be considered as an offer or a solicitation of an offer to sell or to purchase any Securities issued by RCB (the Securities). The sole legal basis for any Securities issued by RCB is the respective published prospectus of the Structured Notes Programme of RCB which has been duly approved by the Austrian Financial Market Authority jointly with the applicable final terms, all of which are available for download on this website.. Public offers of securities which are based on a prospectus published on the following website are made by RCB ...
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A well-known visitor to the classroom microscope, this slipper-shaped ciliate is commonly found in freshwater ponds. They feed on other microscopic organisms, sweeping them into a funnel-shaped gullet.
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Make Up For Ever Artist Eye Studio, noutate pentru acest Craciun cu regim de exclusivitate in parfumeriile Sephora, m-a pus pe treaba pentru ca de la primul swatch facut, ca asa am vazut si eu la altii mai priceputi ca se face, m-a convins ca e vorba de o paleta foarte buna pentru un machiaj intens si rezistent. Si atat de agitata am fost, ca acel portocaliu de sus, care de fapt este blush, l-am folosit pe post de fard. […]. ...
Over the past 72 hours, Ive spent an ungodly amount of time watching TikToks created by Twitch streamers. It all began with a simple question: Can people whose whole line of work is built around creating the lengthiest, least-filtered form of pop culture possible excel in a medium where minimalism thrives?
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The Prokaryotes: Alphaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 641-707. doi:10.1007/978-3-642- ...
Betaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria. The relative abundance of Betaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria is also ... and the Betaproteobacteria Burkholderia sp". Systematic and Applied Microbiology. 33 (5): 269-74. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2010.04. ... Betaproteobacteria Proteobacteria Garrity GM, Bell JA, Lilburn TG . (2005). Class III. Gammaproteobacteria class. Nov. In: ...
2014). The Prokaryotes: Alphaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi:10.1007 ...
... is a genus of Gram-negative Betaproteobacteria. Thiobacilus thioparus is the type species of the genus, and the ... in the Betaproteobacteria); Halothiobacillus, Guyparkeria (in the Gammaproteobacteria), or Thermithiobacillus or ...
Burkholderiales-2 motifs are found in Betaproteobacteria. Although one example is predicted in the phyum Bacteroidetes, this is ...
Nov., a member of the class Betaproteobacteria". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 57 (3): 639 ...
Verstraete B, Janssens S, Smets E, Dessein S (2013). "Symbiotic beta-proteobacteria beyond legumes: Burkholderia in Rubiaceae ...
... is in class Betaproteobacteria and order Burkholderiales. The molecular percent of Duganella's G/C content is 63-64. ...
Aquaspirillum is now regarded to belong to Betaproteobacteria. A newer tree based on 16S and 23S rRNA (and other data) is given ... that Alphaproteobacteria have branched off later than most other phyla and Classes of Bacteria except Betaproteobacteria and ...
Check date values in: ,access-date= (help) Verstraete B, Janssens S, Smets E, Dessein S (2013). "Symbiotic beta-proteobacteria ...
The Comamonadaceae are a family of the Betaproteobacteria. Like all Proteobacteria, they are Gram-negative. They are aerobic ...
E. terrae belongs to the class beta-proteobacteria. After sequencing the organism's genome it was concluded that E. terrae is a ...
Cupriavidus-1 motifs are found in Betaproteobacteria, within Cupriavidus. It is ambiguous whether Cupriavidus-1 RNAs function ...
Proteobacteria Betaproteobacteria Sutterellaceae Parasutterella excrementihominis Parasutterella secunda Nagai, Fumiko; ... Betaproteobacteria class and the family Sutterellaceae. Previously, this genus was considered "unculturable," meaning that it ...
related to the beta-Proteobacteria: proposal of 'Candidatus Procabacter acanthamoebae' gen. nov., sp. nov". International ... "Procabacteriaceae" is a Candidatus family of uncultivated Gram-negative Betaproteobacteria. The sole genus, "Procabacter", was ...
A novel genus of betaproteobacteria was named Thauera in his honour. Methanobrevibacter thaueri was also named after Prof. ...
... is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria, belonging to the Betaproteobacteria. It is one of the five genera of ammonia ...
Ralstonia eutropha is a gram-negative soil bacterium of the betaproteobacteria class. Ralstonia eutropha is capable of ...
nov., a new chemolithoheterotrophic and slightly thermophilic member of the beta-Proteobacteria". Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol ...
... is a genus of Betaproteobacteria belonging to the purple nonsulfur bacteriarophic. Originally, Rhodoferax species ...
It contains Betaproteobacteria that have been isolated from spring and mineral waters. The type species, H. fonticola, was ...
The Nitrosomonadales are an order of the class Betaproteobacteria in the phylum "Proteobacteria". Like all members of their ...
... exists as part of the Betaproteobacteria lineage within the Comamonadaceae family. D. acidovorans strains ...
A PAO related to the Betaproteobacteria has been identified and named Candidatus Accumulibacter Phosphatis. Accumulibacter has ...
... is a genus of bacteria of the family Burkholderiaceae in the class Betaproteobacteria. Only one species, Lautropia ...
The Betaproteobacteria ancestor is suggested to have diversified into the genera Zinderia, Nasuia and Vidania. There are ... Although Sulcia's co-residents are not always of the class Betaproteobacteria, contemporary analyses have shown that they often ... muelleri has coevolved with another symbiotic lineage from the taxonomic class Betaproteobacteria. The result of this ...
... is a family in the order Nitrosomonadales in the class Betaproteobacteria of the bacteria. Only one genus - ...
nov., planktonic betaproteobacteria isolated from a freshwater reservoir, and emended description of the genus Limnohabitans". ...
The most important microbes in the Amazon River are Actinobacteria, Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, ...
nov., a member of the family Neisseriaceae of the Betaproteobacteria , and Gilliamella apicola gen. nov., sp. nov., a member of ...
The Betaproteobacteria are one of the eight classes that make up the "Proteobacteria". The Betaproteobacteria are most closely ... The Betaproteobacteria are a class comprising over 75 genera and 400 species of bacteria. Together, the Betaproteobacteria ... A number of Betaproteobacteria are diazotrophs, meaning that they can fix molecular nitrogen from the air as their nitrogen ... Betaproteobacteria are a class of Gram-negative bacteria, and one of the eight classes of the phylum Proteobacteria. ...
Betaproteobacteria-1 motifs are found in betaproteobacteria. Betaproteobacteria-1 RNAs likely function in trans as sRNAs. The ... The Betaproteobacteria-1 RNA motif is a conserved RNA structure that was discovered by bioinformatics. ...
... the community structure of the ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria (β-AOB) differed among distinct mangrove vegetation cover ... the community structure of the ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria (β-AOB) differed among distinct mangrove vegetation cover ... Magalhaes, C., Bano, N., Wiebe, W. J., Hollibaugh, J. T., and Bordalo, A. A. (2007). Composition and activity of beta-Proteobacteria ... Changes in community composition of ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria from stands of Black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) in ...
Spatio-temporal niche separation of planktonic Betaproteobacteria in an oligo-mesotrophic lake ... We investigated the diversity of planktonic Betaproteobacteria and the seasonal population changes of betaproteobacterial taxa ... We investigated the diversity of planktonic Betaproteobacteria and the seasonal population changes of betaproteobacterial taxa ... Spatio-temporal niche separation of planktonic Betaproteobacteria in an oligo-mesotrophic lake. Environmental Microbiology, 10( ...
Permanent draft genome of Thiobacillus thioparus DSM 505T, an obligately chemolithoautotrophic member of the Betaproteobacteria ... an obligately chemolithoautotrophic member of the Betaproteobacteria ...
Gene: Tmz1t_0809: Enoyl-CoA hydratase (EC 4.2.1.17) / 3,2-trans-enoyl-CoA isomerase (EC 5.3.3.8) / 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.35) ...
Funciton: Enoyl-CoA hydratase (EC 4.2.1.17) / 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.35) / 3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA epimerase (EC 5.1.2.3) ...
Betaproteobacteria (genus Hydrogenophaga).. Two abundant phylotypes (Ced_B11 and Ced_B12) at BS5 and NS1 were closely related ... but were dominated by a class Betaproteobacteria at NS1 and classes of Beta- and Gammaproteobacteria at BS5. Only one archaeal ... especially related to genus Hydrogenophaga within Betaproteobacteria, were abundantly observed in the both sites (9, 10). The ... organisms close to the Hydrogenophaga within Betaproteobacteria dominated and coexisted with the deep groundwater community ...
Betaproteobacteria. Warming had no significant effect on the total relative abundance of Betaproteobacteria communities (Figure ... Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, and Bacteroidetes were more abundant in control plots, while Gammaproteobacteria, ... They were uncultured Comamonadaceae (T6, Betaproteobacteria) and Pedobacter (T8, Bacteroidetes), but differences were not ... but no significant differences were seen for Betaproteobacteria and Deltaproteobacteria between C and T plots. The relative ...
related to the beta-Proteobacteria: proposal of 'Candidatus Procabacter acanthamoebae' gen. nov., sp. nov. * Matthias ... monophyletic lineage within the beta-Proteobacteria, showing less than 90% sequence similarity to all other recognized members ... displayed one polymorphism at the target site of oligonucleotide probe BET42a that is conserved in all other sequenced beta-Proteobacteria ...
Nitrosomonas is a genus of Gram-negative rod-shaped chemoautotrophic bacteria.[2] This organism oxidizes ammonia into nitrite as a metabolic process. Nitrosomonas are useful in bioremediation. They are important in the nitrogen cycle by increasing the availability of nitrogen to plants while limiting carbon dioxide fixation.[2] The genus is found in soil, freshwater, and on building surfaces, especially in areas that contains high levels of nitrogen compounds. Nitrosomonas prefers an optimum pH of 6.0-9.0 and a temperature range of 20 to 30 °C. Most species are motile with a flagellum located in the polar regions. The organism has power generating membranes, which form long, thin tubes inside the cell. These use electrons from the oxidation of ammonia to produce energy.[2] It obtains the carbon it requires from the atmosphere via carbon fixation, which converts carbon in a gaseous form into carbon bound in organic molecules. Unlike plants, which fix carbon into sugar through energy gained ...
β: Betaproteobacteria. The mouse points to the genus Shinella, originally placed in the Alphaproteobacteria (), but incorrectly ... moved to the Betaproteobacteria in the Taxonomic Outline of the Bacteria and Archaea (). ...
Background Mosquitoes host diverse microbial communities that influence many aspects of their biology including reproduction, digestion, and ability to transmit pathogens. Unraveling the composition,...
Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Burkholderiales; Burkholderiaceae; Ralstonia. Old locus tag. RS05492. Genomic ...
Alphaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria. Gammaproteobacteria. Deltaproteobacteria and Epsilonproteobacteria. Other Major ...
Alphaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria. Gammaproteobacteria. Deltaproteobacteria and Epsilonproteobacteria. Other Major ...
... and is phylogenetically placed in the betaproteobacteria family of Rhodocyclales, closely related to Azoarcus, an efficient ...
Betaproteobacteria. Alcaligenaceae. 5. Achromobacter xylosoxidans (AF531768). 99.5% (AF394171). 99.5% (AF411021). Achromobacter ...
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Root-nodule bacteria; Nitrogen fixation; Betaproteobacteria; Texas; Mimosa asperata; GEBA-RNB. ...
beta Proteobacteria. *gamma Proteobacteria. *delta Proteobacteria. *epsilon Proteobacteria. Containing group: Eubacteria. ...
Betaproteobacteria consisted of 16 and 4 OTUs in clone libraries of healthy and infected samples, respectively (Figure 4c). ... The proportion of Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Pseudomonas spp. and Burkholderia spp. was significantly greater in ... Betaproteobacteria, Pseudomonas spp., Bacillus spp., Burkholderia spp. and total bacteria were performed using primers and ... and Betaproteobacteria (BP); and (c) Firmicutes (FIR), Acidobacteria (ACIDO) and Actinobacteria (ACT), of 16S rRNA gene clone ...
a) Genes taxonomically affiliated to betaproteobacteria. (b) Genes taxonomically affiliated to gammaproteobacteria. The species ... betaproteobacteria) and secondary (gammaproteobacteria) endosymbionts of three mealybug species. Appl Environ Microbiol 78: ... five gammaproteobacteria and five betaproteobacteria; Supplementary Table S4). A phylogenetic tree was built for each protein ... almost all genes were unambiguously assigned to betaproteobacteria (Supplementary Table S8). Even though two different methods ...
New lipase producing Betaproteobacteria strains of Caldimonas sp. and Tepidimonas sp. isolated from a Malaysian hotsprings ... Mohd Ghazali, Sharul Azim and Tengku Abdul Hamid, Tengku Haziyamin (2016) New lipase producing Betaproteobacteria strains of ... PCR amplification of 16S ribosomal DNA gene showed that these isolates were clustered with subclass Betaproteobacteria ... These results indicated that novel lipase-producing thermophilic Betaproteobacteria could be isolated from these hot springs. ...
Tree display perl modules by Li Heng.(Ruan et al. (2008)"TreeFam: 2008 Update." Nucleic Acid Res. 36 (Database issue):D735-40 ...
After 28 days, members from four genera, namely Dechloromonas, Hydrogenophaga, and Zoogloea from the Betaproteobacteria and ... Benzene degradation; Constructed wetlands; BACTRAPs; RNA-SIP; Betaproteobacteria Abstract. Constructed wetlands (CWs) are ...
nov., a new member of the family Alcaligenaceae (Betaproteobacteria) isolated from activated sludge. International Journal of ...
cellular organisms › Bacteria › Proteobacteria › Betaproteobacteria › Rhodocyclales › Azonexaceae › Dechloromonas › ...
Betaproteobacteria, Burkholderiales. Strain Designations T118 [DSM 15236] Application Oxidizes acetate. Reduces iron (ferric, ...
  • Betaproteobacteria are a class of Gram-negative bacteria, and one of the eight classes of the phylum Proteobacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Betaproteobacteria are a class comprising over 75 genera and 400 species of bacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biological wastewater treatment systems, as well as other biological ammonium-removing methods, depend on the metabolism of various Bacteria including members of the Nitrosomonadales of the Betaproteobacteria that undergo nitrification and a wide range of organisms capable of denitrification to remove excessive ammonia from wastewater by first oxidation into nitrate and then nitrite and then reduction into molecular nitrogen gas, which leaves the ecosystem and is carried into the atmosphere. (wikipedia.org)
  • PCR amplification of 16S ribosomal DNA gene showed that these isolates were clustered with subclass Betaproteobacteria consisting of slightly thermophilic bacteria that produce lipase. (iium.edu.my)
  • Bacteria affiliated with the Betaproteobacteria in the shape of long rods or chains of rods were found to contribute most to in situ E1 degradation. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The E1-degrading bacteria related to the Betaproteobacteria differed phylogenetically from the aerobic E1-degrading bacterial isolates reported in previous studies. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Sequences related most closely to groups including Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Cyanobacteria and Firmicutes. (bris.ac.uk)
  • however, clones associated with Betaproteobacteria (10.9%), Alphaproteobacteria (9%), and Firmicutes (1.9%) were also identified. (hindawi.com)
  • High-throughput sequencing data showed that bacterial assemblages were dominated by common freshwater groups: Cyanobacteria, Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Actinobacteria. (scielo.org.za)
  • Four orders of Betaproteobacteria are currently recognised - the Burkholderiales, the Neisseriales, the Nitrosomonadales and the Rhodocyclales. (wikipedia.org)
  • The four orders of the Betaproteobacteria are sub-divided into families: Burkholderiales (type order) comprises the families Burkholderiacae (type family), Alcaliginaceae, Comamonadaceae, Oxalobacteraceae and Sutterellaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nevertheless, Bacteroidetes, Gammaproteobacteria, and Betaproteobacteria seem to be prevalent in relation to environmental conditions with high tDOM (Kisand et al. (springer.com)
  • Two of these orthologous groups were also detected in fully sequenced plant-associated Betaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria . (mdpi.com)
  • Most dominant sequences belonged to Betaproteobacteria except in two lakes where members of Bacteroidetes made the largest relative contribution. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • After 28 days, members from four genera, namely Dechloromonas , Hydrogenophaga , and Zoogloea from the Betaproteobacteria and Arcobacter from the Epsilonproteobacteria were significantly labeled with 13 C and were abundant in the bacterial community on the BACTRAPs. (ufz.de)
  • Other genera are autotrophic , deriving their carbon from bicarbonate or carbon dioxide and their electrons from reduced inorganic ions such as nitrite , ammonium , thiosulfate or sulfide [1] - many of these chemolithoautotrophic Betaproteobacteria are economically important, with roles in maintaining soil pH and in elementary cycling. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the springs fed by the mixture of deep and shallow groundwater, organisms close to the Hydrogenophaga within Betaproteobacteria dominated and coexisted with the deep groundwater community members. (pnas.org)
  • Some members of the Betaproteobacteria can cause disease in various eukaryotic organisms, including in humans, such as members of the genus Neisseria: N. gonorrhoeae and N. meninngitides being primary examples, which cause gonorrhea and meningitis respectively, as well as Bordetella pertussis which causes whooping cough. (wikipedia.org)
  • We investigated the diversity of planktonic Betaproteobacteria and the seasonal population changes of betaproteobacterial taxa in an oligo-mesotrophic lake (Piburger See, Austria). (uzh.ch)
  • Colonies of Burkholderia pseudomallei , one of many pathogenic Betaproteobacteria. (wikipedia.org)
  • Together, the Betaproteobacteria represent a broad variety of metabolic strategies and occupy diverse environments from obligate pathogens living within host organisms to oligotrophic groundwater ecosystems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogeny, Diversity, Geographical Distribution and Host Range of Legume-Nodulating Betaproteobacteria: What Is the Role of Plant Taxonomy? (wiley.com)
  • A number of Betaproteobacteria are diazotrophs, meaning that they can fix molecular nitrogen from the air as their nitrogen source for growth - this is important to the farming industry as it is a primary means of ammonium levels in soils rising without the presence of leguminous plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • we investigated also the distribution of different lineages of ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria (β-AOB) in soils from different mangrove vegetation cover types. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our metagenomic and metatranscriptomic analyses revealed that the capacities for cholesterol approach, uptake, and degradation are unique traits of certain low-abundance betaproteobacteria, indicating the importance of the rare biosphere in bioremediation. (asm.org)
  • These results indicated that novel lipase-producing thermophilic Betaproteobacteria could be isolated from these hot springs. (iium.edu.my)
  • In flooded and non-flooded impounded forests of Black mangrove ( Avicennia germinans ), the community structure of the ammonia-oxidizing betaproteobacteria (β-AOB) differed among distinct mangrove vegetation cover types and hydrological regimes. (frontiersin.org)
  • Alphaproteobacteria were found to dominate in the shower biofilm (78 per cent of all Proteobacteria ), while in the kitchen tap biofilm Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria were evenly distributed. (watercanada.net)
  • GM1 is an aerobic, psychrotolerant, heterotrophic member of the Betaproteobacteria and is the only isolate capable of oxidising arsenite at temperatures below 10 °C. Sequencing of the aio gene cluster in GM1 revealed the presence of the aioB and aioA genes, which encode the arsenite oxidase but the regulatory genes typically found upstream of aioB in other members of the Proteobacteria were absent. (bbk.ac.uk)
  • A lot of sequences affiliated to Betaproteobacteria, such as SY-10, SY-41, SY-1, SY-75, SY-14, SY-107 which accounted for more than 50% of total clone sequences in the clone library, had high similarity to those originated from similar environment in previous literatures and could assimilate simple organic substances containing one carbon atom. (omicsonline.org)