Beta vulgaris: A species of the Beta genus. Cultivars are used as a source of beets (root) or chard (leaves).Geranium: A plant genus of the family GERANIACEAE. Geranium is also used as a common name for PELARGONIUM.Chenopodiaceae: The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Refuse Disposal: The discarding or destroying of garbage, sewage, or other waste matter or its transformation into something useful or innocuous.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Sucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Biofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Gardening: Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Brassica: A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Betalains: Compounds derived from TYROSINE via betalamic acid, including BETAXANTHINS and BETACYANINS. They are found in the Caryophyllales order of PLANTS and some BASIDIOMYCETES.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Lysergic Acid Diethylamide: Semisynthetic derivative of ergot (Claviceps purpurea). It has complex effects on serotonergic systems including antagonism at some peripheral serotonin receptors, both agonist and antagonist actions at central nervous system serotonin receptors, and possibly effects on serotonin turnover. It is a potent hallucinogen, but the mechanisms of that effect are not well understood.Proteus vulgaris: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in soil, fecal matter, and sewage. It is an opportunistic pathogen and causes cystitis and pyelonephritis.Medicine, Chinese Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.Trichuroidea: A superfamily of nematodes of the order ENOPLIDA. Its organisms have a well developed intestine and rectum.Prunella: A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE. Members contain TRITERPENES. Heal all is another common name.Thermotoga maritima: A rod-shaped bacterium surrounded by a sheath-like structure which protrudes balloon-like beyond the ends of the cell. It is thermophilic, with growth occurring at temperatures as high as 90 degrees C. It is isolated from geothermally heated marine sediments or hot springs. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Hexanes: Six-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives. Various polyneuropathies are caused by hexane poisoning.Political Systems: The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Lipoproteins: Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Atherosclerosis: A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.Cholesterol, HDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.Cholesterol, LDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.Lipoproteins, LDL: A class of lipoproteins of small size (18-25 nm) and light (1.019-1.063 g/ml) particles with a core composed mainly of CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and smaller amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES. The surface monolayer consists mostly of PHOSPHOLIPIDS, a single copy of APOLIPOPROTEIN B-100, and free cholesterol molecules. The main LDL function is to transport cholesterol and cholesterol esters to extrahepatic tissues.Cholesterol, Dietary: Cholesterol present in food, especially in animal products.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Organizers, Embryonic: Cells in certain regions of an embryo that self-regulate embryonic development. These organizers have been found in dorsal and ventral poles of GASTRULA embryos, including Spemann organizer in amphibians, and Hensen node in chicken and mouse. These organizer cells communicate with each other via a network of secreted signaling proteins, such as BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEINS and their antagonists (chordin and noggin).Genetic Vectors: DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.Medical Illustration: The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.Plants, Edible: An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.Desulfovibrio vulgaris: A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from soil, animal intestines and feces, and fresh and salt water.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Oxalates: Derivatives of OXALIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that are derived from the ethanedioic acid structure.Silver: Silver. An element with the atomic symbol Ag, atomic number 47, and atomic weight 107.87. It is a soft metal that is used medically in surgical instruments, dental prostheses, and alloys. Long-continued use of silver salts can lead to a form of poisoning known as ARGYRIA.Calcium Oxalate: The calcium salt of oxalic acid, occurring in the urine as crystals and in certain calculi.Oxalic Acid: A strong dicarboxylic acid occurring in many plants and vegetables. It is produced in the body by metabolism of glyoxylic acid or ascorbic acid. It is not metabolized but excreted in the urine. It is used as an analytical reagent and general reducing agent.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Specific Gravity: The ratio of the density of a material to the density of some standard material, such as water or air, at a specified temperature.Gene Flow: The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.DenmarkCriminology: The study of crime and criminals with special reference to the personality factors and social conditions leading toward, or away from crime.IrelandTriploidy: Polyploidy with three sets of chromosomes. Triploidy in humans are 69XXX, 69XXY, and 69XYY. It is associated with HOLOPROSENCEPHALY; ABNORMALITIES, MULTIPLE; PARTIAL HYDATIDIFORM MOLE; and MISCARRAGES.Diploidy: The chromosomal constitution of cells, in which each type of CHROMOSOME is represented twice. Symbol: 2N or 2X.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Transposases: Enzymes that recombine DNA segments by a process which involves the formation of a synapse between two DNA helices, the cleavage of single strands from each DNA helix and the ligation of a DNA strand from one DNA helix to the other. The resulting DNA structure is called a Holliday junction which can be resolved by DNA REPLICATION or by HOLLIDAY JUNCTION RESOLVASES.DNA Transposable Elements: Discrete segments of DNA which can excise and reintegrate to another site in the genome. Most are inactive, i.e., have not been found to exist outside the integrated state. DNA transposable elements include bacterial IS (insertion sequence) elements, Tn elements, the maize controlling elements Ac and Ds, Drosophila P, gypsy, and pogo elements, the human Tigger elements and the Tc and mariner elements which are found throughout the animal kingdom.Retroelements: Elements that are transcribed into RNA, reverse-transcribed into DNA and then inserted into a new site in the genome. Long terminal repeats (LTRs) similar to those from retroviruses are contained in retrotransposons and retrovirus-like elements. Retroposons, such as LONG INTERSPERSED NUCLEOTIDE ELEMENTS and SHORT INTERSPERSED NUCLEOTIDE ELEMENTS do not contain LTRs.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Terminal Repeat Sequences: Nucleotide sequences repeated on both the 5' and 3' ends of a sequence under consideration. For example, the hallmarks of a transposon are that it is flanked by inverted repeats on each end and the inverted repeats are flanked by direct repeats. The Delta element of Ty retrotransposons and LTRs (long terminal repeats) are examples of this concept.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.

Glucuronic acid directly linked to galacturonic acid in the rhamnogalacturonan backbone of beet pectins. (1/232)

Sugar-beet pulp was de-esterified and submitted to 72 h hydrolysis by 0.1 M HCl at 80 degrees C. Oligomers containing a single glucuronic acid (GlcA) moiety in addition to n(>/= 2) repeats of the dimer -->4)-alpha-D-GalpA-(1-->2)-alpha-L-Rhap-(1--> were isolated from the hydrolysate by ion-exchange and gel-permeation. Glycosyl linkage composition analysis and 1H NMR studies indicated that the GlcA was attached to O-3 of a galacturonic acid (GalA) residue, as shown for the two pentamers beta-D-GlcpA-(1-->3)-alpha-D-GalpA-(1-->2)-alpha-L-Rhap-(1-->4)-alpha-D-GalpA-(1- ->2)-L-Rhap and alpha-D-GalpA-(1-->2)-alpha-L-Rhap-(1-->4)-[beta-D-GlcpA-(1-->3)]-alpha-D-GalpA-( 1-->2)-L-Rhap. Substitution by GlcA was estimated as occurring on one GalA residue out of 72 in the rhamnogalacturonan fraction of the backbone of beet pectins.  (+info)

Susceptibility to the sugar beet cyst nematode is modulated by ethylene signal transduction in Arabidopsis thaliana. (2/232)

Previously, we identified Arabidopsis thaliana mutant rhd1-4 as hypersusceptible to the sugar beet cyst nematode Heterodera schachtii. We assessed rhd1-4 as well as two other rhd1 alleles and found that each exhibited, in addition to H. schachtii hypersusceptibility, decreased root length, increased root hair length and density, and deformation of the root epidermal cells compared with wild-type A. thaliana ecotype Columbia (Col-0). Treatment of rhd1-4 and Col-0 with the ethylene inhibitors 2-aminoethoxyvinylglycine and silver nitrate and the ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid suggests that the rhd1-4 hypersusceptibility and root morphology phenotypes are the result of an increased ethylene response. Assessment of known ethylene mutants further support the finding that ethylene plays a role in mediating A. thaliana susceptibility to H. schachtii because mutants that overproduce ethylene (eto1-1, eto2, and eto3) are hypersusceptible to H. schachtii and mutants that are ethylene-insensitive (etr1-1, ein2-1, ein3-1, eir1-1, and axr2) are less susceptible to H. schachtii. Because the ethylene mutants tested show altered susceptibility and altered root hair density and length, a discrimination between the effects of altered ethylene signal transduction and root hair density on susceptibility was accomplished by analyzing the ttg and gl2 mutants, which produce ectopic root hairs that result in greatly increased root hair densities while maintaining normal ethylene signal transduction. The observed normal susceptibilities to H. schachtii of ttg and g12 indicate that increased root hair density, per se, does not cause hypersusceptibility. Furthermore, the results of nematode attraction assays suggest that the hypersusceptibility of rhd1-4 and the ethylene-overproducing mutant eto3 may be the result of increased attraction of H. schachtii-infective juveniles to root exudates of these plants. Our findings indicate that rhd1 is altered in its ethylene response and that ethylene signal transduction positively influences plant susceptibility to cyst nematodes.  (+info)

Plant members of the alpha1-->3/4-fucosyltransferase gene family encode an alpha1-->4-fucosyltransferase, potentially involved in Lewis(a) biosynthesis, and two core alpha1-->3-fucosyltransferases. (3/232)

Three putative alpha1-->3/4-fucosyltransferase (alpha1-->3/4-FucT) genes have been detected in the Arabidopsis thaliana genome. The products of two of these genes have been identified in vivo as core alpha1-->3-FucTs involved in N-glycosylation. An orthologue of the third gene was isolated from a Beta vulgaris cDNA library. The encoded enzyme efficiently fucosylates Galbeta1-->3GlcNAcbeta1-->3Galbeta1-->4Glc. Analysis of the product by 400 MHz (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy showed that the product is alpha1-->4-fucosylated at the N-acetylglucosamine residue. In vitro, the recombinant B. vulgaris alpha1-->4-FucT acts efficiently only on neutral type 1 chain-based glycan structures. In plants the enzyme is expected to be involved in Lewis(a) formation on N-linked glycans.  (+info)

In wounded sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) tap-root, hexose accumulation correlates with the induction of a vacuolar invertase isoform. (4/232)

Wounding of sugar beet tap-root causes an induction of invertase activity, which contributes to post-harvest sucrose losses. In this first comprehensive monitoring of wound-induced invertase mRNAs, proteins, enzyme activities, and tissue hexose concentrations, the VI isoform responsible for wound-induced hexose accumulation in mature tap-root could be identified.  (+info)

Guard cell wall: immunocytochemical detection of polysaccharide components. (5/232)

The composition of guard cell walls in sugar beet leaves (Beta vulgaris L.) was studied by using histochemical staining and immunocytochemical detection of cell wall antigens. The findings were compared with those in the walls of epidermal and mesophyll cells. Probing of leaf sections with monoclonal antibodies against pectins, terminal fucosyl residues linked alpha-(1-->2) to galactose, beta-(1-->3)-glucans and arabinogalactan-proteins revealed several specific features of guard cells. Pectic epitopes recognized by JIM7 were homogeneously distributed in the wall, whereas pectins recognized by JIM5 were not found in the walls themselves, but were abundant in the cuticular layer. Large amounts of molecules bearing terminal fucose were located predominantly in ventral and lateral guard cell walls. Much smaller amounts were detected in dorsal walls of these cells, as well as in the walls of pavement and mesophyll cells. Conspicuous accumulation of these compounds was observed in the vicinity of the guard cell plasmalemma, whereas labelling was scarce in the areas of the wall adjacent to the cell surface. The presence of callose clearly marked the ventral wall between the recently formed, very young guard cells. Callose also appeared in some mature walls, where it was seen as punctate deposits that probably reflected a specific physiological state of the guard cells. Large amounts of arabinogalactan-proteins were deposited within the cuticle, and smaller amounts of these proteoglycans were also detected in other tissues of the leaf. The histochemical and immunocytochemical structure of the guard cell wall is discussed in the light of its multiple functions, most of which involve changes in cell size and shape.  (+info)

Isolation and molecular analysis of six taproot expressed genes from sugar beet. (6/232)

The taproot from sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) undergoes a specific developmental process to function as a food storage organ. Suppression Subtractive Hybridization (SSH) was utilized for the isolation of cDNA fragments for taproot expressed genes. Isolation and molecular analysis of six cDNAs encoding the complete gene product revealed that these genes comprise homologues of a drought-inducible linker histone, a homologue of a major latex-like protein, a phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase kinase, a putative vacuolar processing enzyme, a thaumatin-like protein and an alanine- and glutamic acid-rich protein. All genes are transcribed in taproots while transcription in leaves is low or undetectable.  (+info)

New medium composition for high betacyanin production by a cell suspension culture of table beet (Beta vulgaris L.). (7/232)

The effect of a revised Linsmaier-Skoog (LS) medium on betacyanin production was investigated in suspension cultures of table beet (Beta vulgaris L.). The effects of a high iron concentration and low concentration of zinc on betacyanin production were not cumulative. The composition of the new revised medium for high betacyanin production was established by reducing the concentration of inorganic nitrogen (30 mM), modifying the ratio of ammonium to nitrate (1:14), reducing the concentration of zinc (0.0003 mM), and removing copper and cobalt. The revised LS medium enabled the maximum betacyanin yield of 550 mg/l to be obtained from a 14-day culture. This medium promoted the betacyanin production in three types of cell line differing in the betacyanin productivity. The betacyanin productivity (40 mg/l x day) was higher than that quoted in any other previous reports.  (+info)

Antibiotic and biosurfactant properties of cyclic lipopeptides produced by fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. from the sugar beet rhizosphere. (8/232)

Cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs) with antibiotic and biosurfactant properties are produced by a number of soil bacteria, including fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. To provide new and efficient strains for the biological control of root-pathogenic fungi in agricultural crops, we isolated approximately 600 fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. from two different agricultural soils by using three different growth media. CLP production was observed in a large proportion of the strains (approximately 60%) inhabiting the sandy soil, compared to a low proportion (approximately 6%) in the loamy soil. Chemical structure analysis revealed that all CLPs could be clustered into two major groups, each consisting of four subgroups. The two major groups varied primarily in the number of amino acids in the cyclic peptide moiety, while each of the subgroups could be differentiated by substitutions of specific amino acids in the peptide moiety. Production of specific CLPs could be affiliated with Pseudomonas fluorescens strain groups belonging to biotype I, V, or VI. In vitro analysis using both purified CLPs and whole-cell P. fluorescens preparations demonstrated that all CLPs exhibited strong biosurfactant properties and that some also had antibiotic properties towards root-pathogenic microfungi. The CLP-producing P. fluorescens strains provide a useful resource for selection of biological control agents, whether a single strain or a consortium of strains was used to maximize the synergistic effect of multiple antagonistic traits in the inoculum.  (+info)

*Beta vulgaris

... subsp. vulgaris (Syn.: Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla (L.) Arcang., Beta vulgaris subsp. rapacea (Koch) Döll).: all ... vulgaris. The wild ancestor of the cultivated beets is the sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). Beta vulgaris is an ... Beta vulgaris belongs to the subfamily Betoideae in family Amaranthaceae (s.l, including the Chenopodiaceae). Beta vulgaris is ... First description of Beta vulgaris Linnaeus, C. (1762). "Species Plantarum", (ed. 2): 322. description of Beta vulgaris and ...

*Beet necrotic yellow vein virus

Beta vulgaris (beetroot), Beta vulgaris var. cicla, Beta vulgaris var. rubra, Beta vulgaris var. saccharifera (sugarbeet), ... specifically Beta vulgaris var. saccharifera (sugar beet), and Spinacia oleracea (spinach). In the Beta vulgaria var. ... There has been a focus on two genes in particular, Rz1 from B. vulgaris spp. vulgaris and Rz2 from B. vulgaris spp. maritima. ... The plants that suffer infections from BNYVV in the most abundance are all the subspecies of Beta Vulgaris, ...

*Crop wild relative

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) - Asparagus dauricus Beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris) - Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima ... Phaseolus vulgaris) - Phaseolus coccineus Faba Bean (Vicia faba) - Vicia johannis Grasspea (Lathyrus sativus) - Lathyrus ...

*Pseudomonas syringae

aptata attacks beets Beta vulgaris. P. s. pv. atrofaciens attacks wheat Triticum aestivum. P. s. pv. dysoxylis attacks the ... It is named after the lilac tree (Syringa vulgaris), from which it was first isolated. P. syringae tests negative for arginine ...

*British NVC community MC6

... (Atriplex prostrata - Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima sea-bird cliff community) is one of the maritime ... Four constant species are found in this community: Spear-leaved Orache (Atriplex prostata agg.) Sea Beet (Beta vulgaris ssp. ...

*Sea beet

Beta vulgaris L.). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 130:81-96. Lange, W. (1996). "International Beta Genetic Resources ... The sea beet, Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima ((L.) Arcangeli.), is a member of the family Amaranthaceae, previously of the ... Carl Linnaeus first described Beta vulgaris in 1753; in the second edition of Species Plantarum in 1762, he divided the species ... Beta Maritima: The Origin of Beets. Springer. 2012. ISBN 978-1-4614-0841-3. The volume will be completely devoted to the sea ...

*Chard

... is Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris. They are cultivated descendants of the sea beet, Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima. Chard belongs ... cicla L., B. vulgaris var. cycla (L.) Ulrich, B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Leaf Beet Group), B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris ( ... Beta vulgaris var. cicla at Tropicos, accessed 2014-02-27 Sorting Beta names at MMPND Archived 2013-04-15 at WebCite Beta ... vulgaris at Tropicos, accessed, 2015-02-27 Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris. In: Uotila, P. (2011): Chenopodiaceae (pro parte ...

*British NVC community MC4 (Brassica oleracea maritime cliff-ledge community)

There are two subcommunities: the Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima subcommunity the Rayed Ononis repens subcommunity Rodwell, J. S ...

*Norrard Rocks

Plants recorded are sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima), rock sea-spurry (Spergularia rupicola), common scurvygrass ( ...

*Helvibotys helvialis

The larvae feed on Amaranthus species and Beta vulgaris. Nuss, M.; et al. (2003-2014). "GlobIZ search". Global Information ...

*Scrobipalpa ocellatella

The larvae feed on Beta maritima and Beta vulgaris. Young larvae bore in the mirdrib. Later, they mine the leaf from a web spun ...

*Cacao necrosis virus

The Prince, Beta vulgaris cv. Greentop, and Chenopodium Quinoa. P. vulgaris develops chlorotic rings 4-5 days post inoculation ... The virus has been transmitted to numerous diagnostically susceptible host species including Beta vulgaris, Chenopodium ... B. vulgaris displays red rings to the inoculated leaves 10 days post infection without systemic infection. C. quinoa displays ... Three of these species displayed characteristic symptoms: P. vulgaris cv. ...

*BBCH-scale (beet)

"Phänologische Entwick-lungsstadien der Beta-Rüben (Beta vulgaris L. ssp.). Codierung und Beschreibung nach der erweiterten BBCH ...

*List of MeSH codes (B06)

... beta vulgaris (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.200.599 --- chenopodium (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388. ...

*List of plant communities in the British National Vegetation Classification

diffusum maritime therophyte community MC6 Atriplex prostrata - Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima sea-bird cliff community Atriplici- ... Ulex europaeus heath H7 Calluna vulgaris - Scilla verna heath H8 Calluna vulgaris - Ulex gallii heath H9 Calluna vulgaris - ... H1 Calluna vulgaris - Festuca ovina heath H2 Calluna vulgaris - Ulex minor heath H3 Ulex minor - Agrostis curtisii heath H4 ... nana heath H16 Calluna vulgaris - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi heath H17 Calluna vulgaris - Arctostaphylos alpinus heath H18 ...

*Maritime cliff communities in the British National Vegetation Classification system

diffusum maritime therophyte community MC6 Atriplex prostrata - Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima sea-bird cliff community Atriplici- ...

*Beetroot

Many beet products are made from other Beta vulgaris varieties, particularly sugar beet. Beta is the ancient Latin name for ... 1970). "Studies into the pigments in beetroot (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris var. rubra L.)" "AAS Beet Perfected Detroit". ... It is one of several of the cultivated varieties of Beta vulgaris grown for their edible taproots and their leaves (called beet ... vulgaris Conditiva Group. Other than as a food, beets have use as a food colouring and as a medicinal plant. ...

*List of beet diseases

This article is a list of diseases of beets (Beta vulgaris). Common Names of Diseases, The American Phytopathological Society ...

*Amaranthaceae

Beta vulgaris) (beetroot, chard), are used as vegetables. Forms of Beta vulgaris include fodder beet (Mangelwurzel) and sugar ... Betoideae and notes on the taxonomy of Beta. - Willdenowia 36, p.9-19. Gudrun Kadereit, Ladislav Mucina, Helmut Freitag (2006 ...

*Beet (disambiguation)

Beet is the common name of the plant species Beta vulgaris. Beet may also refer to: Beetroot, the edible roots of certain ... varieties of Beta vulgaris Field beet, mangelwurzel Sugar beet Chard, also called silver beet Sea beet Beet (album), by the ...

*Phytolacca americana

"Studies into the pigments in beetroot (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris var. rubra L.)" Doppelbauer, Martin (2008). "Tony Joe ...

*Agrotis porphyricollis

They are considered a pest on Beta vulgaris and Solanum tuberosum. Herbison-Evans, Don; Crossley, Stella (2006) Agrotis ...

*Sugar beet

... it belongs to the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris. Its closest wild relative is the Sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. ... In plant breeding it is known as the Altissima cultivar group of the common beet (Beta vulgaris). Together with other beet ... Sorting Beta names at MMPND. Archived 2013-04-15 at WebCite Beta Maritima: The Origin of Beets. Springer. 2012. ISBN 978-1-4614 ...

*Omiodes indicata

The larvae feed on Arachis (including Arachis hypogaea), Beta vulgaris var. saccharifera, Calopogonium, Chrysanthemum indicum, ... Coleus, Gloriosa, Glycine max, Lantana camara, Nicotiana tabacum, Phaseolus (including Phaseolus vulgaris), Vigna unguiculata ...

*Rosevear, Isles of Scilly

The only other species recorded are sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima), common scurvygrass (Cochlearia officinalis), ...

*Lichen planus

The differential diagnosis for OLP includes: Other oral vesiculo-ulcerative conditions such as Pemphigus vulgaris and Benign ... These may include: Drug reactions, with the most common inducers including gold salts, beta blockers, traditional antimalarials ...
Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), vectored by Polymyxa betae, causes rhizomania in sugar beet. For disease control, the cultivation of hybrids carrying Rz1 resistance is crucial, but is compromised by resistance-breaking (RB) strains with specific mutations in the P25 protein at amino acids 67-70 (tetrad). To obtain evidence for P25 variability from soil-borne populations, where the virus persists for decades, populations with wild-type (WT) and RB properties were analysed by P25 deep sequencing. The level of P25 variation in the populations analysed did not correlate with RB properties. Remarkably, one WT population contained P25 with RB mutations at a frequency of 11%. To demonstrate selection by Rz1 and the influence of RB mutations on relative fitness, competition experiments between strains were performed. Following a mixture of strains with four RNAs, a shift in tetrad variants was observed, suggesting that strains did not mix or transreplicate. The plant genotype exerted a clear ...
Rhizomania is an extremely severe sugarbeet disease caused by the complex Polymyxa betae/Beet Necrotic Yellow Vein Virus (BNYVV). A relatively small number of recently introduced sugarbeet cultivars...
Beetroot Juice - Know more about organic beetroot juice, beetroot juice ingredients, benefits of beetroot juice, beetroot juice suppliers, exporters and manufacturers from India.
Two members of the Benyviridae family, Beet soil borne mosaic virus (BSBMV) and Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), possess identical genome organisation, host range and high sequence similarity. To understand functional differences in molecular biology, pathogenicity mechanisms, symptom expression as well as interaction with the host and between viral species, a reverse genetic system represents a prerequisite. Infectious cDNA full length clones of both viruses were constructed by isothermal in vitro recombination. Artificial formation of BNYVV and BSBMV RNA1+2 reassortants were viable and spread long distance in N. benthamiana. Small genomic RNAs were exchangeable and systemically infected B. macrocarpa. Moreover, fluorescence labelled full length clones were achieved by replacing a part of the RNA2 encoded coat protein read through domain. Co infection experiments with labelled BSBMV and BNYVV showed that both viruses remained spatially separated after N. benthamiana agroinoculation. In ...
Die Futterr be (Dickr be), die Zuckerr be und sogar Rote Beete sind Kulturformen derselben Art Beta vulgaris var. vulgaris, die aus der Wilden R be Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima gez chtet wurde. Fodder Beet, Sugar Beet, and even Beetroot are culture types of the same species Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, which has been bred from the Sea Beet Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima. ...
The temperature-inducible expression vector containing the beet necrotic yellow vein virus(BNYVV)isolate NM coat protein gene was constructed and transferred into E. coli DH5 α. High-level expression of the specific protein was achieved by temperature induction. The results of SDSPAGE and Western blotting show that the expression product which accumulates 19.5% of the total cellular proteins estimated by Shimadzu CS-910 scanning is 21kd BNYVV coat protein.
Read "Distribution of various types and P25 subtypes of Beet necrotic yellow vein virus in Germany and other European countries, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
... -Latin Name: Beta vulgaris rubraCommon Names: Beet root Beet Root, or Beta vulgaris rubra, is a vegetable. However the Beet Root was once considered an herb. So the beet root we know now is only about 300 years old. Th
The consumption of beetroot juice on a low nitrate diet may lower blood pressure (BP) and therefore reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. However, it is unknown if its inclusion as part of a normal diet has a similar effect on BP. The aim of the study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial with free-living adults to investigate if consuming beetroot juice in addition to a normal diet produces a measureable reduction in BP. Fifteen women and fifteen men participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Volunteers were randomized to receive 500 g of beetroot and apple juice (BJ) or a placebo juice (PL). Volunteers had BP measured at baseline and at least hourly for 24-h following juice consumption using an ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM). Volunteers remained at the clinic for 1-h before resuming normal non-strenuous daily activities. The identical procedure was repeated 2-wk later with the drink (BJ or PL) not consumed on the first visit. Overall, there
JIMENEZ ISLAS, Donaji et al. Fermentable sugar production throug acid hydrolysis of Beta vulgaris L.. Rev. Int. Contam. Ambient [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.2, pp.151-158. ISSN 0188-4999.. With the purpose of increasing the amount of sugars that benefit the yield of ethanol in fermentation, it was performed hydrolysis of Beta vulgaris L. with H2SO4. The following parameters were used to evaluate the degree of hydrolysis of substrate: stirring, acid concentration, mass, and temperature. The mass was tested in the range of 5 to 40 g and stirring from 100 to 250 rpm. The temperature and reaction time were evaluated in the range of 30 to 90 °C and 2 to 6 h, respectively. The tested particle size was 0.5 mm and a reaction volume of 50 mL was used for all cases. The rate of 150 rpm had a better effect over hydrolysis. By comparison of means it was determined that concentrations higher than 0.5 N of H2SO4 showed no significant effect (p,0.05) on the release of total sugars. The highest yield of ...
Beetroot For Skin Tone. Beetroot is one of the best juices to apply on your face to improve skin tone. Apply as a face mask mixed with one portion of milk. Leave in the juice for half an hour before rinsing.. Beetroot For Skin Whitening. To become fair overnight, try this tip. Mix one tbsp of beetroot juice along with 1 tsp of lemon juice. The mixture is then applied on your face and left in for 15 minutes. Wash with cold water before going to bed.. Beetroot For Acne. Acne can be treated with the help of beetroot juice. Mix 2 tbsp of beet juice along with a tbsp of curd. This mixture helps to dry the acne in no time, leaving behind no scars.. Beetroot For Black Heads. Black heads can be removed from your face with the help of a beetroot scrub. Into 1 tbsp of juice add sugar to make a scrub. Use the scrub to remove the black heads.. Beetroot For Dark Circles. Dark circles can be lightened with beetroot juice. The properties present in the juice will soothe your puffy eyes.. Beetroot For Pink ...
Citation: Panella, L.W., Lewellen, R.T. 2004. Notice of release of fc201 monogerm, 0-type sugarbeet germplasm with resistance to rhizomania and other diseases.. Germplasm Release. Interpretive Summary: This is a Germplasm Release, no Interpretive Summary required. Technical Abstract: FC201 is a segregating population of sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.) with a high frequency of the Rz allele conferring resistance to rhizomania caused by Beet necrotic yellow vein virus. It is segregating for resistance to root-rotting strains (AG-2-2) of Rhizoctonia solani Kühn and to the sugar beet root aphid (Pemphigus sp.), has moderate resistance to cercospora leaf spot caused by Cercospora beticola Sacc., to black root caused by Aphanomyces cochlioides Drechsl., and the Beet curly top virus. FC201 is a heterogeneous population from which to select disease resistant monogerm, O-type parents to infuse multiple disease resistance on the female side of hybrids. There is no CMS equivalent. FC201 is released from ...
Since making beetroot juice with your juice extractor is a messy affair, we decided to offer an easier option by taking raw beetroot juice, freeze drying it (so no active compound is harmed or damaged) and thereby make taking a glass of beetroot juice easy. All you need to do is to add a teaspoon of the freeze-dried powder to water and to drink it.. It does not really have a very strong taste and is pleasant to drink - it has a sweet and earthy taste. Our director Duane Milne takes a glass of beetroot juice daily and also adds a teaspoon of barley grass to the juice to create an invigorating easy-to-make raw vegetable drink ...
Read "Alternative splicing of the maize Ac transposase transcript in transgenic sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The consumption of beetroot juice on a low nitrate diet may lower blood pressure (BP) and therefore reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. However, it is unknown if its inclusion as part of a normal diet has a similar effect on BP. The aim of the study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial with free-living adults to investigate if consuming beetroot juice in addition to a normal diet produces a measureable reduction in BP. Fifteen women and fifteen men participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Volunteers were randomized to receive 500 g of beetroot and apple juice (BJ) or a placebo juice (PL). Volunteers had BP measured at baseline and at least hourly for 24-h following juice consumption using an ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM). Volunteers remained at the clinic for 1-h before resuming normal non-strenuous daily activities. The identical procedure was repeated 2-wk later with the drink (BJ or PL) not consumed on the first visit. Overall, there
Sugar beet is a plant whose root contains a high concentration of sucrose and which is grown commercially for sugar production. In plant breeding it is known as the Altissima cultivar group of the common beet (Beta vulgaris). Together with other beet cultivars, such as beetroot and chard, it belongs to the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris. Its closest wild relative is the Sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). In 2013, Russia, France, the United States, Germany, and Turkey were the worlds five largest sugar beet producers. In 2010-2011, North America and Europe did not produce enough sugar from sugar beets to meet overall demand for sugar and were all net importers of sugar. The US harvested 1,004,600 acres (406,547 ha) of sugar beets in 2008. In 2009, sugar beets accounted for 20% of the worlds sugar production. The sugar beet has a conical, white, fleshy root (a taproot) with a flat crown. The plant consists of the root and a rosette of leaves. Sugar is formed by photosynthesis in ...
beet root powder are expectorant, blood purifier, tonic. beta vulgaris improve blood flow, low blood pressure. beet herbal powder supplier, traders in India
The excitement around beetroot juice as the newest sports supplement comes from its particularly high content of nitrate and ability to be turned into juice. Beetroot juice can be made at home with a juicer but specially produced concentrated "shots" of juice (e.g. Beet ItTM shots) are often a more convenient and palatable option owing to the significantly lower volume required for the same amount of nitrate than DIY juices (70ml vs. ~500ml DIY beetroot juice).. ...
The beetroot is the taproot portion of the beet plant, usually known in North America as the beet, also table beet, garden beet, red beet, or golden beet. It is one of several of the cultivated varieties of Beta vulgaris grown for their edible taproots and their leaves (called beet greens). These varieties have been classified as B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris Conditiva Group.. Other than as a food, beets have use as a food colouring and as a medicinal plant. Many beet products are made from other Beta vulgaris varieties, particularly sugar beet.. Usually the deep purple roots of beetroot are eaten boiled, roasted or raw, and either alone or combined with any salad vegetable. A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilized beets or into pickles. In Eastern Europe, beet soup, such as borscht, is a popular dish. In Indian cuisine, chopped, cooked, spiced beet is a common side dish. Yellow-coloured beetroots are grown on a very small scale for home ...
We describe discovery in |i|Beta vulgaris|/i| L. of |i|Coe1|/i|, a DNA transposase gene within putative long terminal repeats (LTRs), and other retrotransposon-like features including both a retroviral-like hypothetical gene and an Rvt2-domain reverse transcriptase pseudogene. The central DNA transposase gene encodes, in eight exons, a predicted |?bhlt ?|160-KDa|?ehlt ?| protein producing BLAST alignments with |i|En/Spm|/i|-type transposons. Except for a stop signal, another ORF encodes a |i|Ty1-copia|/i|-like reverse transcriptase with amino acid sequence domain YVDDIIL. Outside apparent LTRs, an 8-mer nucleotide sequence motif CACTATAA, near or within inverted repeat sequences, is hypothetical extreme termini. A genome scan of |i|Arabidopsis thaliana|/i| found another example of a |i|Tnp2|/i|-domain transposase gene within an apparent LTR-retrotransposon on chromosome 4.
The Use of Natural Dyes from Beetroot Skin Extract (Beta Vulgaris) as Teaching Material on Cell Division for Senior High School Students
110 days. Plant produces good yields of large 3 lb sugar beets. Roots have a sugar flavor. Shred the beets and add to other vegetables. Also used to make molasses and wine. A fun thing to grow
Objective: Medicinal plants have attracted global attention due to their safety as well as their considerable antioxidant content that helps to prevent or ameliorate various disorders including memory impairments. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of beet root (Beta vulgaris) leaf extract on scopolamine-induced spatial memory impairments in male Wistar rats. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10): Control (C), scopolamine 1 mg/kg/day (S), scopolamine+50 mg/kg B. vulgaris leaf extract (S+B 50), scopolamine+100 mg/kg B. vulgaris leaf extract (S+B 100) and scopolamine+200 mg/kg B. vulgaris leaf extract (S+B 200). Morris water maze task was used to assess spatial memory. Serum antioxidant capacity and malondialdehyde (MDA) level were also measured. Results: Group S spent significantly less time in the target quadrant compared to the control group, and the administration of B. vulgaris leaf extract (100 and 200 mg/kg) significantly increased this
Gene flow from sugar beets to sea beets occurs in the seed propagation areas in southern Europe. Some seed propagation also takes place in Denmark, but here the crop-wild gene flow has not been investigated. Hence, we studied gene flow to sea beet populations from sugar beet lines used in Danish seed propagation areas. A set of 12 Danish, two Swedish, one French, one Italian, one Dutch, and one Irish populations of sea beets, and four lines of sugar beet were analysed. To evaluate the genetic variation and gene flow, eight microsatellite loci were screened. This analysis revealed hybridization with cultivated beet in one of the sea beet populations from the centre of the Danish seed propagation area. Triploid hybrids found in this population were verified with flow cytometry. Possible hybrids or introgressed plants were also found in the French and Italian populations. However, individual assignment test using a Bayesian method provided 100% assignment success of diploid individuals into their ...
Individuals with cold sensitivity have low peripheral skin blood flow and skin temperature possibly due to reduced nitric oxide (NO•) bioavailability. Beetroot has a high concentration of inorganic nitrate and may increase NO-mediated vasodilation. Using a placebo-controlled, double blind, randomised, crossover design, this study tested the hypotheses that acute beetroot supplementation would increase the rate of cutaneous rewarming following a local cold challenge and augment endothelium-dependent vasodilation in cold sensitive individuals. Thirteen cold sensitive participants completed foot and hand cooling (separately, in 15 °C water for 2 minutes) with spontaneous rewarming in 30°C air whilst skin temperature and cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) were measured (Baseline). On two further separate visits, participants consumed 140 ml of either concentrated beetroot juice (nitrate supplementation) or nitrate-depleted beetroot juice (Placebo) 90 minutes before resting seated blood ...
The beet leaves (Beta vulgaris) is a plant in the Chenopodiaceae family. It is best known in its numerous cultivated varieties, the most well known of which is the purple root vegetable known as the beetroot or garden beet. However, other cultivated varieties include the leaf vegetables chard and spinach beet, as well as the root vegetables sugar…
Beets (Beta vulgaris) are hardy biennials in the Chenopodiaceae family, which also includes spinach, chard, orach and quinoa. HEIRLOOM Dark red-purple leaves used in salad mixes for a spectacular contrast. Roots may be harvested early as baby beets. Color intensifies as plants mature. Tolerant to heat and cold.; even moisture. Keep well weeded ...
Citation: Strausbaugh, C.A. 2013. What is new with rhizomania and curly top management and effects of these viruses on storage. Proceedings 2013 Montana/Wyoning Sugar Beet and Barley Symposium. 2013:45-47. Interpretive Summary: Technical Abstract: Rhizomania is a serious yield limiting viral disease in sugarbeet first identified in California, USA in 1984. The disease has since spread to all major production areas in the United States. Rhizomania is caused by Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV) and vectored by the plasmodiophorid (a fungal-like organism), Polymyxa betae. The virus survives inside the thick-walled resting spore of the vector in the soil, which can remain viable for many years. As a result, once a field is infested, using crop rotation and non-host crops will not be effective for controlling the disease. In the spring with near saturated soil conditions, the resting spore will germinate to release zoospores when in close proximity to sugarbeet roots. The zoospores will attach ...
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Mangold Beta vulgaris or Swiss chard, silverbeet, spinach beet, bright lights. Hand drawn botanical vector illustration. Download a Free Preview or High Quality Adobe Illustrator Ai, EPS, PDF and High Resolution JPEG versions. ID #13965964.
Introduction. Beetroot plasma membrane investigation 14/2/2011 The main objective of this investigation is to focus on the effect of ethanol (C2H5OH) on the plasma membrane of a beetroot. The colour of Beetroots is due to the presence of a red pigment in the cell sap. The purpose of this experiment is to use different concentrations of ethanol in order to find out what is its effect on the plasma membrane of the beetroot. Aim - To examine the effect of ethanol on the plasma membrane of beetroots by light transmission percentage. Hypothesis - Ethanol is an excellent solvent for substances as it is quite polar. Membranes are made of phospholipid bilayers. Ethanol dissolves these phospholipids in the membranes of the beetroot cells. This creates gaps in the phospholipid-bilayer of a beetroot cell. The plasma membrane becomes damaged and more fluid can move more easily. The red pigment, responsible for the beetroots colour, then leaks out.1 I believe a higher concentration of ethanol will cause ...
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Die Universität zu Köln ist eine Exzellenzuniversität mit dem klassischen Fächerspektrum einer Volluniversität. Als eine der größen Hochschulen Europas arbeitet sie in Forschung und Lehre auch international auf höchstem Niveau.
Professor Ahluwalia and her team found that in healthy volunteers blood pressure was reduced within just 1 hour of ingesting beetroot juice, with a peak drop occurring 3-4 hours after ingestion. Some degree of reduction continued to be observed until up to 24 hours after ingestion. Researchers showed that the decrease in blood pressure was due to the chemical formation of nitrite from the dietary nitrate in the juice. The nitrate in the juice is converted in saliva, by bacteria on the tongue, into nitrite. This nitrite-containing saliva is swallowed, and in the acidic environment of the stomach is either converted into nitric oxide or re-enters the circulation as nitrite. The peak time of reduction in blood pressure correlated with the appearance and peak levels of nitrite in the circulation, an effect that was absent in a second group of volunteers who refrained from swallowing their saliva during, and for 3 hours following, beetroot ingestion. More than 25 per cent of the worlds adult ...
SUPERBEETS NITRIC OXIDE BOOSTER: Concentrated beet Root Juice Powder from non-GMO beets grown in the U.S., SuperBeets uses only the highest quality beets that consistently exhibit high levels of dietary nitrates and other supporting nutrients to help increase Nitric Oxide production in the body. HEART GREENS NITRATE BUILDING GREEN SUPERFOOD: Heart Greens provides Functional levels of dietary nitrates from kale and spinach, which help your body produce the necessary Nitric Oxide to Help promote cardiovascular health and healthy blood pressure levels. HEALTHY CIRCULATION & IMPROVED NATURAL ENERGY: SuperBeets combined with heart greens helps promote healthy circulation, improved natural ene
Obviously, beets have been around since the beginning of time. But did you know that their history does not just take place on the dinner plate? Beets are everywhere; even places you wont expect! Spoiler alert- beets are priceless, especially when it comes to health and natural cosmetics. Originally, beets evolved from the wild sea beet, which has the native lands of Europe, Northern Africa, and Southern Asia. Sea beets are considered to be the granddad of all beets. The closest common vegetable in resemblance to the sea beet would be that of the carrot. This is due to the elongated fat root, which ironically, was rarely consumed in early days.. Beets go by many names. Their official classification name is Beta Vulgaris. They however, are abundant in names such as beets, beetroots, garden beet, chard, Swiss chard, sugar beet, red beet, Blood Turnip. This list is endless.. Beets in History:. The first civilization to actually grow and harvest the beet was the Ancient Romans. The Ancient Romans ...
You could say sugar-beet sugar runs through the blood of Luke Adams.. "I grew up a sugar beet farmer," Adams said. "My parents grew sugar beets, so Im second generation sugar beet farmer, third generation farmer here in Idaho.. He said he has seen the changes in growing firsthand, from irrigation to GPS harvesting. Its all helped his job get easier.. But nothing has helped quite like the genetically modified seed. Adams said growers are spraying less herbicides, using less water and diesel, and they have better soil.. On top of all that they have a lot more beets. Before genetically modified seeds, growers would yield anywhere from 25 to 30 tons of beets per acre. Now its closer to 45 tons per acre.. "Still with real high sugar content," Adams said.. This technology hasnt just changed life for the grower but for the researcher.. Don Morishita is another expert on sugar beets, or rather an expert on their number one threat. Hes a weed scientist at the University of Idaho, and he was brought ...
Sugar beet wastes are estimated as 1.22 times sugar production, since the total dry matter of processing wastes and field wastes exceed the weight of sugar in the ratio of 55:45. Some or all of this may be used for fodder. In Britain, following cereal harvest, Palz and Chartier (1980) estimate an additional 3 MT/ha dry biomass could be obtained by planting fodder beet. Taking the average sugar beet yield of ca 6 MT sugar per hectare, about 13.5 MT DM will usually be obtained; the cost is likely to be close to $73.9/MT or $4.2 per GJ. At this figure, assuming 70% of the beet solids is sucrose, 62% of the total dry weight is root and 90% of theoretical conversion of beet sucrose to recovered alcohol, the feedstock costs alone to a sugar beet alcohol plant will be some $303/MT of alcohol produced and onto this the cost of transport to the plant and the processing costs (which, with present technology, involve heavy energy expenditure), must be added. These costs may be reduced if all residues are ...
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Knowledge of those traits that vary with latitude should be helpful in predicting how they may evolve locally under climate change. In the sea beet Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima, seed dormancy largely controls the timing of germination, is highly herit
Introduction:. Beetroot juice has been studied extensively as a supplement and ergogenic aid due to its natural high content of nitrate(Khatri, Mills, Maskell, Odongerel, & Webb, 2016). Nitrate (NO3) is reduced to nitrite (NO2-) which is further reduced to nitric oxide (NO)(Khatri et al., 2016). NO acts a chemical mediator for many different processes within the body, some of which have a beneficial effect on exercise performance. Some of these effects include reduced blood pressure, decreased VO2 at submaximal exercise, increased resistance to fatigue, and increased energy production (Bailey et al., 2010a; Fulford et al., 2013; Khatri et al., 2016; K.E. Lansley et al., 2011; Mills, Khatri, Maskell, Odongerel, & Webb, 2016). The purpose of this review is to explore the literature regarding beetroot juice and its effects on exercise performance. Specifically, we will be looking at the acute and chronic effects of beetroot juice on plasma nitrate/nitrite levels, aerobic exercise, anaerobic ...
You know that the SuppVersity is all about self-education (hence "-versity" as in University), so what would be better than using the publication of the latest paper on the purported ergogonic effects of nitrates as an incentive to "inform" you about the current state of the research? Sounds good? I would think so. Lets take a look, then. Whats this nitrate business all about? Contrary to the argument many supplement vendors have been bringing forward to make muscleheads buy their products, the idea is not to use the vasodilating effects for cosmetic pumps that will make you feel - as Arnold said it - better than you felt last night with your significant other (or whom ever else you may have picked up). Its rather their purported effect on the VO2max, which is the maximal oxygen consumption during a workout and the downstream performance effects that puts scientists on -- scientists like Lee J. Wylie and colleagues from the department of Sport and Health Sciences at the University of Exeter, ...
Beetroot juice might be the answer for patients with heart failure, suggests a new study whose findings have been published in the journal Circulation: Heart
I have a friend whos a vegan and health nut who turned me on to the benefits of beetroot juice. Hes an avid runner, and he told me once he started
Determining how vegetables confer protection against CVD and exploiting this to therapeutic advantage are likely to have considerable health and economic implications. Recently, it has been suggested that dietary nitrate found in high levels in vegetables might underlie some of the beneficial effects of vegetable-rich diets.12,14⇓ In the present study we have shown that inorganic nitrate capsules or a dietary nitrate load, in the form of beetroot juice, results in dose-dependent increases in plasma nitrite concentration via bioconversion in vivo. Stieglitz postulated,20 ,80 years ago, that the beneficial effects of inorganic nitrate (bismuth subnitrate) in hypertensive patients were because of conversion to nitrite in vivo, and our findings confirm that this bioactive nitrite, after reduction to NO, causes dose-dependent decreases in BP and prevents IR-induced endothelial dysfunction in healthy volunteers.. Ingestion of KNO3 capsules caused rises in circulating plasma nitrate and thence ...
4 Treats Constipation. Ingesting beetroot juice will improve functioning of your digestive system, thus treats constipation issue.. #5 Can Prevent Cancer. Studies state that anti-tumor ability residing in beetroot can prevent cancer causing tumor and help in cell regeneration.. #6 Detoxify Liver. Betaine residing in this vegetable helps to remove toxins from liver and improve its overall functioning.. #7 Can Treat Menstrual Disorder. High amount of iron in beetroot helps in regeneration of red blood cells. It can treat menstrual disorder and menopause symptoms.. #8 Can Treat Iron Deficiency. As mentioned above, rich concentration of iron help to treat anemia and other health related issues.. #9 Improves Healthy Functioning of Your Skin. Anti-aging abilities exhibited by beetroot helps to reduce wrinkles and make the skin flawless.. #10 Avoid Birth Defects. Folate and folic acid housed in this vegetable helps to prevent birth defects. Pregnant woman must consume it in moderate amount.. #11 ...
1. Fiber. The nutritious beet root not only has essential minerals in its leaves, but is also an excellent source of folic acid, organic sodium, carbohydrates, fiber, manganese, choline and potassium. Minerals help improve function of the immune system.. 2. Anemia. Beet roots have high iron content, which reactivates and regenerates the production of red blood cells. Moreover, it has high copper content that provide the much needed iron in the blood.. 3. Cardiovascular health. The wonderful juice acts a powerful solvent, which prevent accumulation of fat deposits that harden the arterial wall.. 4. Reduce high blood pressure. Beet roots have both medicinal and healing properties that effectively normalize high blood pressure, alleviating high blood pressure. Furthermore, recent studies show that beta root contain anti-cancer effects, which offer protection against stomach and colon cancer.. 5. Aids digestion. It also has cellulose content that help to promote efficient bowel movements. Drinking ...
You cant beat the beet…for vitamins. Beetroots are a rich source of potent antioxidants and nutrients, including magnesium, sodium, potassium and vitamin C, and betaine which is important for cardiovascular health. The beet can be eaten hot or cold, raw or cooked, grated, boiled or roasted, in salads, on sandwiches, in soup. And despite the culinary diversity it is one of those vegetables that people can take or leave. You either like beetroot or you dont. I personally love beetroot, but since at this point I am the only one in our family that does, I only buy it occasionally. Last week at the farmers market I could not resist this bunch of baby beets. I cooked them as follows and have been enjoying them in a salad (beetroot, feta, arugula, pecans, shallot, olive oil and salt). They are tasty, easy and healthy, so go ahead and buy some beets!. ...
Chard sometimes called Swiss chard, silverbeet, perpetual spinach and spinach beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla) are all members of the beetroot family with which they share their botanical name Beta vulgaris, but in the case of these varieties it is the leaves which are developed rather than the root. Different names refer to slightly different varieties however, they are all essentially the same species.. With its shiny green or reddish ribbed leaves chard falls between spinach and kale in terms of toughness and bitterness, making it an extremely versatile green especially suited to cooking.. Silverbeet is characterised by it large dark ribbed leaves and thick white stems that bisect the leaves, while perpetual spinach and spinach beet both have finer leaves and stems than chard and silverbeet.. Chard has long been used by Mediterranean cooks who have used it as a flavouring for soups and rice dishes. It is also a popular vegetable in Provençe and in Nice is known as the queen of ...
You might see beetroot on the menu at your local juice shop. Juicing beetroot has a number of health benefits. Here are 12 of them.
en] Various prebiotic hydrolysates were produced starting from sugar beet pulp (SBP) using alternative solution to traditional acidic hydolysis. SBP pectin was first extracted by acid extraction and ethanol precipitation. Then two technics are used to produced pectic oligosaccharides (POS) : enzymatic hydrolysis (EnzPOS : Rapidase Smart (DSM) ; 50°C ; pH 5) and microwaves-assisted hydrolysis (MW1POS : 104°C/10min/pH 7; MW2POS : 110°C/15min/pH 7). Structural characterization of fractions gave rise to different structural profiles between the four products. Moreover, fermentation parameters obtained in-vitro (A, B, Rmax and Tmax) were also characteristic of the fractions and in favor of a tight relationship between POS structure and POS function. Finally, to avoid solvent use, POS production could be envisaged directly on SBP. Avoiding the step of acidic extraction will allow to meet the green chemistry principles ...
Fermented Salsa is probiotic-rich and imple to make and you can make the recipe your own, based on how you like your salsa and maybe what you have growing in your own garden.. Apr 5, 2014. Food & Recipes · Feature Stories. Most lists of super foods dont include beetroot juice, but maybe they should. Beet juice may boost stamina to help you exercise longer, improve blood flow, and. Test your knowledge.. Charlotte, Charlotte Russe & Charley Roosh According to the food historians, charlottes were *invented* in England the last part of the 18th century.. Roman recipes for beetroot were mainly for curative broth, to treat fevers and other. This study showed that all the tested forms of Beta vulgaris produced large. Betanin is degraded to a certain extent in the stomach, by the acids present.. I am NOT a fan of beets but I found myself actually starting to enjoy this juice after. and organic but this is always the problem with clinical trials and tests. Add the baby greens slowly to grated raw ...
Drinking a half-liter of beetroot juice before a time trial helped male bicycle racers ride an incredible 2.8 percent faster over both 4- and 16-kilometer courses (Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, June 2011). This is an extremely well-performed study because all of the bicycle racers in the study rode faster after drinking a half- liter of normal beetroot juice (6.2 mmol nitrate) than they did after taking the same volume of beetroot juice that had had the nitrates removed (0.0047 mmol nitrate). Furthermore, the authors measured blood levels of nitrates and showed that the nitrate-rich beet juice raised blood levels of nitrates from 241 to 575 nm and reduced the oxygen cost of the exercising muscles. The dose of nitrate used in the study (6.2 mmol) is 4 to 12 times greater than what the average person takes in each day. None of the subjects consumed dietary supplements.
EAST GRAND FORKS, Minn.-City officials in East Grand Forks, Minnesota, say theyre not getting complaints this summer about odor from the American Crystal Sugar beet plant. City Council President Dick Grassel says its the best year he can remember. Crystal spokeswoman Michele Berg says a cool spring kept beets from thawing and rotting as quickly. She also says the cooperative spent $7 million on equipment to address the odor, which results from bacteria growing in sugar-saturated wastewater. --- Information from: Grand Forks Herald, http://www.grandforksherald.com. ...
Kleine Bol, also known as Little Ball will give you best results if picked early while it is still small and young. Beets, though grown as an annual, a
Beetroot juice has become a hot nutrient in the sports world; the Auburn football team, for example, recently revealed that they down it before games for an extra boost. A new animal study now contributes additional evidence that beetroot juice could increase athletic performance. Published in the journal, Nitric Oxide: Biology, and Chemistry, the study compared the effects of administering either beetroot juice or water to 12 rats for five days. Here are the results:. ...
Photo Source. Whats beetroot got to do with cell biology? Well, today we did a practical experiment to investigate the effect of temperature on the plasma membrane of beetroot tissue. Why beetroot? Because it is relatively easy to identify the amount of damage to cell membranes by observing the pigment leakage from the tissue. We used four 5mm x 15mm cylinders of beetroot and four different treatments - room temperature (control), freezing overnight, 50 degrees Celcius and 70 degrees Celcius for 2 minutes each. Then each sample was placed in a test tube with 5 ml of water. What did our results show?. One of the questions in this practical asks why some people put hessian bags over their garden plants in winter and how some plants can survive freezing temperatures. Hessian bags can help to insulate plants against the effects of freezing - some wineries use large fans to keep air circulating over their crops for the same reason. Some plants are genetically more tolerant of frost. This article, ...
Always consult a medical professional before consuming any plants, including plants labeled "edible" or "medicinal". Click here for more information. Purchasers are responsible for understanding and complying with all local laws, restrictions, and regulations. The extent Amkha Seed LLC can be held liable for damages is limited to replacement of the item, or a refund of the purchase price (within 30 days of purchase). Click here for more information. First image by Robert Couse-Baker, Some rights reserved. Second image by?Jessica Spengler,?Some rights reserved.. ...
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1. Rich Source of Vitamin C and other Valuable Nutrients. Beets are high in immune-boosting vitamin C, fiber, and essential minerals like potassium (essential for healthy nerve and muscle function) and manganese (which is good for your bones, liver, kidneys, and pancreas). Beets also contain the B vitamin folate, which helps reduce the risk of birth defects.. 2. Rich Source of Betaine. Another nutrient that red beets are a rich source of is betaine; betaine is vital to good cardiovascular health. Betaines purpose is to lessen your bodys concentration of homocysteine, a substance which is hurtful to your blood vessels in the sense that it can contribute to peripheral vascular disease, stroke and heart disease.. 3. Beetroot Juice Benefits - Lower High Blood Pressure. The effects on high blood pressure are apparently so potent that information published in the journal Hypertension, a publication from the American Heart Association, established that consuming 500 milliliters of beetroot juice ...
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Usually the deep purple roots of beetroot are eaten boiled, roasted or raw, and either alone or combined with any salad vegetable. A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilized beets or into pickles. In Eastern Europe, beet soup, such as borscht, is a popular dish. In Indian cuisine, chopped, cooked, spiced beet is a common side dish. Yellow-coloured beetroots are grown on a very small scale for home consumption.[9]. The green, leafy portion of the beet is also edible. The young leaves can be added raw to salads, whilst the adult leaves are most commonly served boiled or steamed, in which case they have a taste and texture similar to spinach. Those greens selected should be from bulbs that are unmarked, instead of those with overly limp leaves or wrinkled skins, both of which are signs of dehydration. The domestication of beets can be traced to the emergence of an allele which enables biennial harvesting of leaves and taproot.[10]. Beetroot can be boiled ...
Flowering time regulation is important for plants to maximize their reproductive output. By investigating copies of genes that are strong and central activators of flowering in many different species (homologs of the FT gene in Arabidopsis), Pin et al. found that during evolution, the regulation of flowering time in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) has come under the control of two FT-like genes. Functional differences in these genes owing to small mutations in a critical domain have caused a duplicated copy of the flowering promoter FT to turn into a flowering repressor in sugar beet. These changes may explain why cultivated beets are unable to flower until their second year after passing through the winter, a behavior important for increasing crop yield.. P. A. Pin, R. Benlloch, D. Bonnet, E. Wremerth-Weich, T. Kraft, J. J. L. Gielen, O. Nilsson, An antagonistic pair of FT homologs mediates the control of flowering time in sugar beet. Science 330, 1397-1400 (2010). [Abstract] [Full Text] ...
Beetroot is loaded with soluble fibre and functions as an excellent laxative. Bowel problems which are an anxious stomach problem can be handled by adding beetroot into your meals. Beet is a fantastic cleaner for the colon and regularizes bowels.. We all know that beetroot is a dark red vegetable which has had a lot of coverage in the news. Beetroot is very much beneficial to improve stamina, boost blood flood and lower blood pressure.. So lets us see the truth behind Beetroot? Beetroot facts. Beetroot vegetable is a popular in Roman times and this was used in order to treat fever constipation, wounds, and skin problems and many more. You all know the taste of beetroot sweet, earthy, and tender. Beetroot includes these natural nutrients potassium, magnesium, iron, vitamins A, B6 and C, folic acid, carbohydrates, protein, antioxidants and soluble fibre. Thus it is a healthy for your health. 8 Healthy Reasons to Eat Beets:. 1. Weight Loss. Beets taste sweet but then also it holds only 60 calories ...
Lucullus has white stems and attractive, dark green leaves. Chard is a biennial which can usually be cropped for a long season before bolting in its
Features:. Enriched with Collagen I + Collagen II, Hyaluronic Acid, Antioxidant Powder (Red Beet Root & Mix Grape Seed). Benefit of Phyto House Resources Product:. ►Antioxidant Formula Collagen I+II. How Antioxidant Formula works better to other?. Ours products complete the Collagen I + II, Hyaluronic Acid, Antioxidant Powder (Red Beet Root & Mix Grape Seed), Ascorbic Acid (vitamin C), & Citric Acid, to help Anti-Aging, improve & maintain body, skin, and joints healthy,. ...
Beetroot, or simply known as beet, is high in fiber so eating it regularly can improve bowel health by regulating bowel movements. Drinking beetroot juice daily can relieve chronic constipation,...
With Prof. John Ward and Prof. Helen Hailes, I am working on the project "Bio-derived feedstocks for sustainable, UK-based manufacture of pharmaceuticals and their intermediates" using sugar beet pulp as feedstock. I am investigating the production of value-added chemicals from different monosaccharides from sugar beet pulp using biocatalysis. Furthermore, using principles of synthetic biology, I hope to engineer a host organism to synthesise the desired product from sugar beet pulp in a single integrated process.. ...
Beets, with beets, sugar beets, boiled beets, raw beets, beet juice, the properties of beets, fodder beet, red beet, seeds of beets, beet varieties, vegetables,
Is beetroot just a part of your salad or something more? Are there any health benefits of beetroot? Yes, there are numerous health benefits of beetroot.
Beets and depression, neurosis, insomnia, concentration and memory. "Beets contain betaine - the substance used in some forms of treatment of depression. They also contain tryptophan, which somewhat „relaxes the mind" and gives the sense of satisfaction (feeling of happiness - just like dark chocolate). The folic acid has a soothing and calming effect, which helps people with sleeping problems to fall asleep easier. Additionally, the beets improve general well-being, concentration, reflexes, memory, decrease nervous tension, cure stress, depression, apathy, various kinds of neurosis and sleep disorders. It is caused by lithium and magnesium contained in beets. Lithium enhances the influence of magnesium and tryptophan, creating serotonin, as a result".. Beets and convalescence - legal sport doping for the lack of energy „After drinking two glasses of beetroot juice, a good energy boost is felt. Due to sugar content, the beets are sweet and have some of calories. However, these are not ...
The latest in a long line of newly discovered sports elixirs to grab the sporting communitys attention is beet juice, called beetroot juice in the UK. Prior to this, the humble beet was consigned to the salad side plate or used as a garnish. In the sporting arena, Paralympic champion and Commonwealth Games gold medallist David Weir CBE (also known as the Werewolf) is a beetroot evangelist, attributing his success to the nitrate power of blood red juice. And the Werewolf is far from alone in his reverence for beets; Rugby chap Ben Foden, butterfly swimmer Ian Hulme and marathon runners Helen Decker and Paula Radcliff are also converts and advocates. The beets recent elevation to a sports enhancing beverage is due to the very high level of nitrate found in the juice. The beneficial effects of beets are produced by nitric oxide, which has well-known cardiovascular benefits. The body converts nitrate found in foods like beets, into nitric oxide. The process involves friendly bacteria that live
The latest in a long line of newly discovered sports elixirs to grab the sporting communitys attention is beet juice, called beetroot juice in the UK. Prior to this, the humble beet was consigned to the salad side plate or used as a garnish. In the sporting arena, Paralympic champion and Commonwealth Games gold medallist David Weir CBE (also known as the Werewolf) is a beetroot evangelist, attributing his success to the nitrate power of blood red juice. And the Werewolf is far from alone in his reverence for beets; Rugby chap Ben Foden, butterfly swimmer Ian Hulme and marathon runners Helen Decker and Paula Radcliff are also converts and advocates. The beets recent elevation to a sports enhancing beverage is due to the very high level of nitrate found in the juice. The beneficial effects of beets are produced by nitric oxide, which has well-known cardiovascular benefits. The body converts nitrate found in foods like beets, into nitric oxide. The process involves friendly bacteria that live
I noticed on serveral MS sites they recommend eating Beets. Based on some of the research I have seen I have to recommend to stay away from beets and beet root and beet sugar. I recently develop the early signs ...
Product Name:Natural Red Beet powder pigment Latin Name:Beta Vulgaris var. rubraPart of Used: RootActive ingredients:Red beet anthocyaninAppearance:Red-purple or dark redfine powderSpecification:E(1%, 1cm, 535nm) ≥30E(1%, 1cm, 535nm) ≥50E(1%, 1cm, 535nm) ≥70Certification:FDA.
Beetroot has a positive effect on metabolism and blood, due to its inherent therapeutic and dietary action.It is used in case of anemia, chronic runny nose, fever, anemia, diseases of the lymphatic vessels and the digestive organs, for the treatment of malignant and putrid ulcers.By the properties of beets are owning a diuretic, wound healing, analgesic, mild laxative and anti-inflammatory actions.Beetroot has the ability to lower blood pressure.. Beet improve blood: beet juice is very valuable in order to form red blood cells and to improve the overall blood.The best natural blood-forming drug is a combination of beet and carrot juice.Especially useful for the juice to replenish red blood cells.They stimulate the formation of red blood cells, improving memory, especially in the case of atherosclerosis, dilate blood vessels.Beet juice is an indispensable tool in the case of hypertension, anemia, insomnia and neurosis.It is recommended to leave the juice in the refrigerator for a few hours, then ...
Beets Plus 60 Count with Amla Fruit Extract and Beetroot Extract Amla Fruit Extract (Indian gooseberry) and Beetroot (Beta Vulgaris) thats used to increase nitric oxide in the body and also help lower levels of triglycerides (a type of fat) in the blood. ...
Relief for High Blood Pressure: Beetroot Juice & Green Leafy Vegetables Researchers in England have found for the first time that a daily dose of beetroot juice can significantly reduce high blood pr...
Physiotherapy for sports injuries, shoulder pain, low back pain, headaches etc., servicing in North Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
Physiotherapy for sports injuries, shoulder pain, low back pain, headaches etc., servicing in North Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
CM-Linear 1,5-α-L-Arabinan (Sugar Beet) [MP-CMLA] - High purity CM-Linear 1,5-alpha-L-Arabinan (Sugar Beet) for use in research, biochemical enzyme assays and in vitrodiagnostic analysis. Purity | 95%. Caroxymethylated (DS = 0.05), highly purified linear 1,5-α-L-arabinan. For the assay of endo-1,5-α-L-arabinanase (100 assays/vial; method sheet supplied).
Dietary supplements, herbs and home remedies rarely have scientific support and usually lack an explanation for the way they work. That may be why it is hard for physicians to recommend such treatments.There is, however, a growing body of scientific research supporting the use of beet juice to lower high blood pressure. Investigators even have a mechanism to explain how beetroot (Beta vulgaris) works to help control hypertension (Hypertension online, April 15, 2013).
While the Youth Agro-environmental Initiative has made every effort to ensure that this material is accurate and up-to-date, you should exercise your own independent skill and judgment when using it. You should also seek professional advice relevant to your own circumstances. The Youth Agro-environmental Initiative cannot be held liable for any error, loss or other consequences which may arise from you relying on the information provided here.. ...
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According to Brooms Barn, crop protection leader, Mark Stevens, the pest which can cause 30-40% yield loss through direct damage to the root could be being favoured by a larger area of oilseed rape in the rotation which is also a host of BCN. His advice is for growers to be increasingly vigilant during the summer months and not to confuse symptoms of rhizomania with those of the nematode. "Seen from June onwards, beet cyst nematode damage to the roots leads to wilting of crops similar to that seen in rhizomania. The key visual difference is the appearance of lemon shaped cysts on the lateral roots," he said. Last year, Brooms Barn undertook joint research with British Sugar and NIAB TAG to undertake BBRO funded work into the ability of tolerant varieties to resist BCN. Taking soils with different known levels of the pest, Brooms Barn grew varieties known to offer some level of tolerance to the pest side by side in one tonne boxes to check their ability to resist attack and to minimise build ...
Rüben. Rüben, Zuckerrüben allgemein; Schwarze Bohnen- oder Rübenlaus (Aphis fabae Scop.) Cercospora-Blattfleckenkrankheit (Cercospora beticola).
By David Graper SDSU Extension Horticulture Specialist Reprinted from https://ngb.org/year-of-the-beet/ From its humble beginnings around the Mediterranean, the table beet (beta vulgaris) has spread to all continents of the world, although information on Antarctica is surprisingly hard to come by… Historically, beets have been consumed in many ways: medicinally in ancient Rome, fresh (both the greens and the roots) in salads, made into soups (...
Dr Brynmor Breese recently received a travel grant from the UK Physiological Society to undertake a research project at Kobe University in Japan investigating the effects of nitrate supplementation on muscle deoxygenation responses during exercise. This project is the first of its kind to use innovative time-resolved spectroscopy (TRS) across multiple sites within quadriceps muscle to further explore the promising effects that have been reported during exercise after ingesting nitrate-rich beetroot juice. The research study was delivered under the supervision of Professor Shunsaku Koga and consisted of performing thirty-two exercise trials using human volunteers after consuming four days of either nitrate-rich beetroot or placebo juice (supplied by James White Drinks, Ipswich, UK). The TRS system was developed by Hamamatsu Photonics and is capable of measuring the absorption and scattering of near-infrared light emitted at different wavelengths into skeletal muscle tissue. Using this technology ...
Introduction. Investigating the effect of Temperature on the Cell Membrane of Beetroot Cells Aim To investigate what effect temperature has on the integrity of the plasma cell surface membrane of beetroot cells. Background information Despite their many differences in appearance and function, all cells have a surrounding membrane (called the plasma membrane). The cell membrane of plant cells is an integral part of the cell as it controls the transport of substances needed by the cell such as water and molecules dissolved in the water (salts and glucose) both into and out of the cell. The actual membrane is a thin layer (8 to 10 manometers in width), which is partially permeable. It is composed largely of lipids and proteins. Most of the lipids on the cell membranes are triglycerides (they have one molecule of glycerol chemically linked to three molecules of fatty acids) and the skin of the membrane is made of phospholipids. These phospholipids are arranged into two layers of with the hydrophilic ...
Dementia (mental illness): According to researchers at Wake Forest University, beetroot can improve oxygenation to the brain, slowing the progression of dementia in older adults. Blood flow to certain areas of the brain decrease with age and leads to a decline in cognition and possible dementia. Beetroot with high nitrate diet can improve the blood flow and oxygenation to these areas and improve the condition ...
A perfect summer recipe: salad of beetroot with tangy goats curd, pickled shallots and rich honey. Salt-baking gives bright beetroot a wonderful tenderness.
This is the first time I have tried beet powder. This seems to be a good product. I am taking it for the nitric oxide it helps produce. This one has not only the beet root but beet greens as well, so you get the benefit of the whole product. I add it to my protein/green drink in the morning along with acerola and a couple of other things. I love beets, and still eat them, but this is so much easier than cooking beets several times a week. ...
A nonreducing disaccharide composed of glucose and fructose linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from sugarcane, sugar beet (beta vulgaris), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener. [PubChem]
Early Wonder Beet - ( Beta vulgaris ) Early Wonder is an exceptional variety that has it all. Early production of flavorful 3 bright red roots makes this a favorite for the garden.
Search and use 100s of outline food plant roots beet beetroot clip arts and images all free! Royalty free, no fees, and download now in the size you need.
Does anyone here have a good home process for making sugar from beets? I grew sugar beets this year and have just been processing them into a sugar-ri
One of the most useful vegetables, which can be picked continuously through to autumn. Cook leaves and stems like spinach. Useful on dry soil, where true spinach runs to - PDSA
For example, raw beets have been shown to lower blood pressure by an average of four to five points in a matter of hours.1 This effect is due to the naturally occurring nitrates in beets, which are converted into nitric oxide in your body.2. Nitric oxide, in turn, helps to relax and dilate your blood vessels, improving blood flow and lowering blood pressure. In fact, medicinally, nitrates are used to treat angina and congestive heart failure, and research shows a glass of beetroot juice has the same effect as prescription nitrates.3. Competitive athletes also use beet juice for its nitric oxide-boosting benefits. Research shows raw beets may boost stamina during exercise by as much as 16 percent,4 an effect attributed to increased nitric oxide.. In another study,5 nine patients diagnosed with heart failure who experienced loss of muscle strength and reduced ability to exercise were found to benefit from beet juice.. The patients were given 140 milliliters (mL) - about two-thirds of a cup - of ...
Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25 was tagged with a triple marker gene cassette containing gfp, encoding green fluorescent protein; luxAB, encoding luciferase; and telABkilA, encoding tellurite resistance, and the tagged strain was monitored in the first Swedish field release of a genetically modified microorganism (GMM). The cells were inoculated onto winter wheat seeds and the GMM cells (SBW25∷tgl) were monitored in the field from September 2005 to May 2006 using plating, luminometry and microscopic analyses. Cell numbers were high on all sampling occasions and metabolically active cells were detected on all plant parts. Field results were similar to those obtained in a parallel phytotron study, although the amount of SBW25∷tgl detected on shoots was significantly higher in the phytotron than in the field. After winter, cell counts were 100-fold higher on the roots and root-associated soil compared with prewinter measurements, although the cells had a lower relative metabolic activity. ...
The alternative sigma factor RpoN is a key regulator in the acclimation of Pseudomonas to complex natural environments. In this study we show that RpoN is required for efficient colonization of sugar beet seedlings by the plant growth-promoting bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25, and use phenotypic and bioinformatic approaches to profile the RpoN-dependent traits and genes of P. fluorescens SBW25. RpoN is required for flagellar biosynthesis and for assimilation of a wide variety of nutrient sources including inorganic nitrogen, amino acids, sugar alcohols and dicarboxylic acids. Chemosensitivity assays indicate that RpoN-regulated genes contribute to acid tolerance and resistance to some antibiotics, including tetracyclines and aminoglycosides. Gain of function changes associated with loss of RpoN included increased tolerance to hydroxyurea and Guanazole. Bioinformatic predictions of RpoN-regulated genes show a close correspondence with phenotypic analyses of RpoN-regulated traits and suggest novel
Pink fish - Cured salmon in beetroot with pickled daikon in beetroot, kura, dill, chives & veronica persica. Dish uploaded by @tadashi_takayama
The aim of study was investigation the impact of boiling and spontaneous fermentation on profile and content of betalains and antioxidant capacity of red beetroot. Betalains were analyzed by micro-HPLC-TOF-MS/MS method, while antioxidant capacity by three in vitro assays. Red beet products were abounded in betalains, with betanin, isobetanin, betanidin and vulgaxanthin I predominating among twenty two pigments identified. Boiling and fermentation of red beet reduced the content of betalains by 51-61% and 61-88%, respectively, however, this decline was limited when the peel was present. Microbial activity and softening of the matrix induced by the fermentation process led to the release of betalains responsible for strong antioxidant capacity of the juice formed. Generally, the treatment applied maintained and/or lowered antioxidant capacity of red beet materials obtained. Our findings indicate that red beet-derived products are valuable source of betalains, with their profile, content and ...
With over fifteen skin conditioning ingredients, Restoring Crème absorbs fast to leave skin feeling moisturised and smooth. This impressive cream combines skin science and aloe with powerful botanicals including acai and pomegranate, and vitamin B3 helps even out skin tone and texture. Use daily to reinforce the skins natural barrier, replenish parched skin and further reduce the appearance of ageing. Suggested Use Pump once and massage gently into the face and neck in circular motions working upwards and outwards towards the hair line. Ingredients Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Aqua, Isoamyl Laurate, Propanediol, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Jojoba Esters, Polyglyceryl-6 Distearate, Hydroxystearyl Alcohol, Squalane, Beta Vulgaris (Beet) Root Extract, Euterpe Oleracea Fruit Extract, Punica Granatum Extract, Centipeda Cunninghamii Extract, Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Peel Oil, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil, Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Peel Oil, Citrus
MADAM FATE (Hippobroma longiflora); entire plant; plant contains convulsants.. MALANGA (Xanthosoma spp.); leaves; mouth affected by irritant raphides; plant also causes dermatitis.. MALLOW (Malva parviflora); plant mav contain toxic levels of nitrates.. Malus spp. (APPLES); seeds; plant is cyanogenetic.. Malva parviflora (CHEESEWEED, MALLOW); plant may contain toxic levels of nitrates.. MANCHINEEL (Hippomane mancinella); latex; toxins affect gastrointestinal tract; plant also causes dermatitis.. Mandragora officinarum (MANDRAKE); nervous system affected by the toxins hyoscyamine and mandragorin.. MANDRAKE (Mandragora officinarum); nervous system affected by the toxins hyoscyamine and mandragorin.. MANGOLD (Beta vulgaris); leaves; plant contains soluble oxalates; may contain toxic levels of nitrates.. Manihot esculenta (CASSAVA); leaves, esp. Roots; plant is cyanogenetic.. MARIJUANA (Cannabis sativa); leaves, flower bracts; plant contains the hallucinogens tctrahydro-cannabinols.. MARSH MARIGOLD ...
In sugar beet fields, E. balteatus was the species with the highest mortality rate. The two coccinellid species had a better survival rate than E. balteatus. All aphidophagous species had higher mortality rates in absence of aphids. In potato, the survival rate of all aphidophagous was lower than sugar beet when aphids were present in excess probably because A. fabae reproduced less in potato. Nevertheless, we have observed in potato no mortality of C. 7-punctata during all its development cycle. This suggests that C. 7-punctata could use more efficiently aphids as food sources than H. axyridis. In potato and sugar beet, H. axyridis had the longest development cycle, being still at the larval stage when C. 7-punctata and E. balteatus reached the pupae stage. We can suppose that pupae of E. balteatus and C. 7-punctata were an alternative food (intraguild prey) to H. axyridis when aphids were lacking. Pupae are immobile and therefore more sensitive to the attack of predators ...
Ingredients: Water, Glycerin, Dipropylene Glycol, Glycereth-26, Methylpropanediol, Cyclopentasiloxane, Niacinamide, BIFIDA Ferment Lysate, Raffinose, Dioscorea, Japonica Root Extract, 12-Hexanediolm Diglycerin, BIS-PEG-18 Methyl Ether Dimethyl Silane, Pentylene Glycol, Piper Methysticum Leaf/Root/Stem Extract, Beta Vulgaris (beet) Root Extract, Phellinus Linnets Extract, Arctic Lappa Root Extract, Portulaca Oleracea Extract, Pueraria Thunbergiana Root Extract, Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract, Paeonia Lactiflora Root Extract, Conidium Officinale Root Extract, Brassica Oleracea Italica (Broccoli) Sprout Extract, Brassica Campestris (Rapeseed) Sprout Extract, Brassica Oleracea Acephala Leaf Extract, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Sprout Extract, Pearl Extract, Sargassum Multicum Extract, Hypnea Musciformis Extract, Ulva Lactuca Extract, Ecklonia Cava Root Extract, Codium Tomentosum Extract, Agarum Cribosum Extract, Enteromorpha Compressa Extract, Laminaria Japonica Extract, Dunaliella ...
Whey protein concentrate, calcium caseinate, milk protein isolate, L-glutamine, L-lysine, L-leucine, L-isoleucine, L-valine, crystalline fructose, dicalcium phosphate, potassium citrate, potassium chloride, magnesium oxide, ascorbic acid, choline bitartrate, ferrous fumarate, inositol, vitamin E acetate, zinc oxide, niacinamide, vitamin A palmitate, copper gluconate, calcium pantothenate, manganese sulfate, chromium citrate, riboflavin, pyridoxine hydrochloride, selenomethionine, thiamine hydrochloride, biotin, folic acid, phytonadione, cholecalciferol, sodium molybdate, potassium iodide (iodine), cyanocobalamin, maltodextrin, gum arabic, natural and artificial flavors, guar gum, beet root extract (for color), xanthan gum, medium-chain triglycerides, citric acid, malic acid, oat fiber, cellulose powder, citrus pectin, soy lecithin, sucralose, bromelain, ...

Prunella vulgaris: The little plant that can.  @  Blooming Artichoke HerbaryPrunella vulgaris: The little plant that can. @ Blooming Artichoke Herbary

The plant contains beta-carotene, vitamin B1, vitamin C, vitamin K, zinc, the flavonoids hyperoside and rutin, pentacyclic ... Self heal, or heal all (Prunella vulgaris), was blooming away along the trails of one of our favorite parks yesterday. Very ... Prunella vulgaris Suppresses HG-Induced Vascular Inflammation via Nrf2/HO-1/eNOS activation. International Journal of Molecular ... In a 2012 study looking at the impact of Prunella vulgaris on vascular inflammation associated with diabetic complications, the ...
more infohttp://bloomingartichoke.com/prunella-vulgaris-the-little-plant-that-can/

Beta vulgarisBeta vulgaris

The ancestor of Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris is subsp. maritima, growing wild on the seashores of southern Britain, through ... Beta vulgaris L.. Chenopodiaceae. Garden beets, Chard, Sugar beets, Mangel, Spinach beet. Source: James A. Duke. 1983. Handbook ... Many other fungi attack Beta vulgaris: Actinomyces scabies, Alternaria tenuis, A. brassicicola, Aphanomyces cochlioides, ... vulgaris. Chard and spinach beet are grown for the leaves which are used as a potherb. Garden beets are grown for the roots ...
more infohttps://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/duke_energy/Beta_vulgaris.html

Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima - WikispeciesBeta vulgaris subsp. maritima - Wikispecies

Genus: Beta Species: Beta vulgaris Subspecies: Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima Name[edit]. Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima (L.) ... Beta vulgaris var. perennis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 222. (1753). *Beta vulgaris subsp. provulgaris [Ford-Lloyd & J.T. Williams in Bot. J ... Beta vulgaris var. atriplicifolia (Rouy) Krassochkin. *Beta perennis (L.) Freyn, in Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 27: 414. (1877) ... Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima. In: Chenopodiaceae (pro parte majore). Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro- ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Beta_vulgaris_subsp._maritima

Plants Profile for Beta vulgaris (common beet)Plants Profile for Beta vulgaris (common beet)

The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Beta vulgaris . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ... click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Beta thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ...
more infohttps://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BEVU2

Beta vulgaris altissima Sugar Beet PFAF Plant DatabaseBeta vulgaris altissima Sugar Beet PFAF Plant Database

Beta vulgaris altissima is a BIENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost ... Beta vulgaris altissima is a BIENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost ... A cultivated form of B. vulgaris maritima that is grown for the sugar content of its root. ... Beta vulgaris flavescens. Swiss Chard. 4. 2. Beta vulgaris maritima. Sea Beet. 2. 2. ...
more infohttps://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Beta+vulgaris+altissima

Beta vulgaris ( Green Chard ) | Backyard GardenerBeta vulgaris ( Green Chard ) | Backyard Gardener

Green Chard, also known as Sea Kale Beet, or Green Sea Kale Beet is an heirloom variety which was most common in the 18th century kitchen garden.
more infohttps://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/beta-vulgaris-green-chard/

Beta vulgaris - WikipediaBeta vulgaris - Wikipedia

Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Syn.: Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla (L.) Arcang., Beta vulgaris subsp. rapacea (Koch) Döll).: all ... vulgaris. The wild ancestor of the cultivated beets is the sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). Beta vulgaris is an ... Beta vulgaris belongs to the subfamily Betoideae in family Amaranthaceae (s.l, including the Chenopodiaceae). Beta vulgaris is ... First description of Beta vulgaris Linnaeus, C. (1762). "Species Plantarum", (ed. 2): 322. description of Beta vulgaris and ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beta_vulgaris

Beta vulgaris (Common Beet) | BioLib.czBeta vulgaris (Common Beet) | BioLib.cz

Beta alba DC.. Beta altissima Steud.. Beta bengalensis Roxb.. Beta brasiliensis Voss. Beta carnulosa Gren.. Beta crispa Tratt. ... Beta decumbens Moench. Beta esculenta Salisb.. Beta foliosa Ehrenb. ex Steud.. Beta hortensis Mill.. ... Beta vulgaris L. kingdom Plantae - plants » divisio Magnoliophyta - flowering plants » class Rosopsida - eudicots » order ... Kaplan Z. (2012): Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic, Preslia 84: 647-811 [as Beta vulgaris L.]. Data retrieved ...
more infohttps://www.biolib.cz/en/taxon/id38650/

Beta vulgaris  ( Kleine Bol Beet ) | Backyard GardenerBeta vulgaris ( Kleine Bol Beet ) | Backyard Gardener

Kleine Bol, also known as Little Ball will give you best results if picked early while it is still small and young. Beets, though grown as an annual, a
more infohttps://www.backyardgardener.com/plantname/beta-vulgaris-kleine-bol-beet/

Beta vulgaris  - Plant FinderBeta vulgaris - Plant Finder

4. Beta vulgaris (Leaf Beet Group) is a leaf vegetable (e.g. chard or spinach beet) which is grown for harvest of its edible ... 1. Beta vulgaris (Garden Beet or Beetroot Group) is the red root vegetable sold in grocery stores around the world as garden ... 3. Beta vulgaris (Fodderbeet Group or Mangelwurzel) is grown for its tubers which are harvested for use as livestock fodder. It ... Beta vulgaris, commonly known as beet, is an herbaceous biennial (infrequently perennial) which is typically grown today as an ...
more infohttp://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?kempercode=a668

Beta vulgaris  - Plant FinderBeta vulgaris - Plant Finder

4. Beta vulgaris (Leaf Beet Group) is a leaf vegetable (e.g. chard or spinach beet) which is grown for harvest of its edible ... 1. Beta vulgaris (Garden Beet or Beetroot Group) is the red root vegetable sold in grocery stores around the world as garden ... 3. Beta vulgaris (Fodderbeet Group or Mangelwurzel) is grown for its tubers which are harvested for use as livestock fodder. It ... Beta vulgaris, commonly known as beet, is an herbaceous biennial (infrequently perennial) which is typically grown today as an ...
more infohttp://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.aspx?taxonid=279155&isprofile=0&pt=1&tt=1

Mask Products Containing: BETA VULGARIS (COMMON BEET) || Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database | EWGMask Products Containing: BETA VULGARIS (COMMON BEET) || Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database | EWG

Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
more infohttp://www.ewg.org/skindeep/browse.php?ingred06=700715&category=mask&containing=700715&ingred06=700715&showmore=products&atatime=10

Beta vulgaris var. maritima (Sea Beet) | BioLib.czBeta vulgaris var. maritima (Sea Beet) | BioLib.cz

Beta maritima L.. Beta perennis (L.) Halácsy. Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.. Beta vulgaris subsp. perennis (L.) ... genus Beta - beet » species Beta vulgaris - Common Beet ... Beta vulgaris var. maritima (L.) Arcang kingdom Plantae - ... Text function: Sea Beet ([[t:127928;,em,Beta vulgaris ,/em,var.,em, maritima,/em,]]); [[t:127928;Sea Beet]]. Reference: Sea ... as Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.]. Data retrieved on: 11 May 2012 ...
more infohttps://www.biolib.cz/en/taxon/id127928/

Production of Betalains by Hairy Root Cultures of Beta Vulgaris L | SpringerLinkProduction of Betalains by Hairy Root Cultures of Beta Vulgaris L | SpringerLink

Hairy root cultures of Beta vulgaris L. produce betalains similar to roots in planta. These root cultures have shown stability ... Hamill, J. D.; Parr, A. J.; Robins, R. J.; Rhodes, M. J. C. Secondary product formation by cultures of Beta vulgaris and ... Mukandan, U.; Carvalho, E., Curtis, W. R. Growth and pigment production by hairy root cultures of Beta vulgaris L. in a bubble ... Mukundan U., Bhide V., Dawda H. (1999) Production of Betalains by Hairy Root Cultures of Beta Vulgaris L. In: Fu TJ., Singh G ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4615-4753-2_11

Synonyms and Antonyms for beta-vulgaris-rubra | Synonym.comSynonyms and Antonyms for beta-vulgaris-rubra | Synonym.com

1. Beta vulgaris rubra (n.). beet having a massively swollen red root; widely grown for human consumption ... 6. beta-interferon (n.). a form of interferon that is produced by fibroblasts and have antiviral effects; used in the treatment ... 4. beta-blocking agent (n.). any of various drugs used in treating hypertension or arrhythmia; decreases force and rate of ... 5. beta-lipoprotein (n.). a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of moderate amount of protein and a ...
more infohttp://www.synonym.com/synonyms/beta-vulgaris-rubra

Mangold beta vulgaris or swiss chard Royalty Free VectorMangold beta vulgaris or swiss chard Royalty Free Vector

Mangold Beta vulgaris or Swiss chard, silverbeet, spinach beet, bright lights. Hand drawn botanical vector illustration. ... Mangold beta vulgaris or swiss chard Vector Image. Mangold Beta vulgaris or Swiss chard, silverbeet, spinach beet, bright ... cdn.vectorstock.com/i/1000x1000/59/64/mangold-beta-vulgaris-or-swiss-chard-vector-13965964.jpg ... www.vectorstock.com/royalty-free-vector/mangold-beta-vulgaris-or-swiss-chard-vector-13965964 ...
more infohttps://www.vectorstock.com/royalty-free-vector/mangold-beta-vulgaris-or-swiss-chard-vector-13965964

Beta vulgaris root extractBeta vulgaris root extract

Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books about skincare and makeup. She is known worldwide as The Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paulas Choice Skincare. Paulas expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international radio, print, and television including:. ...
more infohttps://www.paulaschoice.com/ingredient-dictionary/antioxidants/beta-vulgaris-root-extract.html?fdid=coloring-agents-pigments

Liver-protecting effects of table beet (Beta vulgaris var. rubra) during ischemia-reperfusion.  - PubMed - NCBILiver-protecting effects of table beet (Beta vulgaris var. rubra) during ischemia-reperfusion. - PubMed - NCBI

Table beet (Beta vulgaris var. rubra) contains important bioactive agents (betaine and polyphenols), which have a wide range of ... Liver-protecting effects of table beet (Beta vulgaris var. rubra) during ischemia-reperfusion.. Váli L1, Stefanovits-Bányai E, ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17234508

Characterization and localization of new antifungal cysteine-rich proteins from Beta vulgaris.  - PubMed - NCBICharacterization and localization of new antifungal cysteine-rich proteins from Beta vulgaris. - PubMed - NCBI

Characterization and localization of new antifungal cysteine-rich proteins from Beta vulgaris.. Kragh KM1, Nielsen JE, Nielsen ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7655063?dopt=Abstract

Antioxidant and Antiradical Activity of Beetroot (Beta vulgaris L. var. conditiva Alef.) Grown Using Different FertilizersAntioxidant and Antiradical Activity of Beetroot (Beta vulgaris L. var. conditiva Alef.) Grown Using Different Fertilizers

... ... Beta vulgaris L. var. conditiva Alef.) and the antioxidant and antiradical activities in the lyophilized water and alcohol ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/jchem/2018/7101605/abs/

IJMS  | Free Full-Text | Stabilized Conversion Efficiency and Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells from Beta vulgaris Pigment | HTMLIJMS | Free Full-Text | Stabilized Conversion Efficiency and Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells from Beta vulgaris Pigment | HTML

... based on TiO2 and assembled using a dye from Beta vulgaris extract (BVE) with Tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), are reported. The ... 19 for un-modified Beta vulgaris and 27 for modified Beta vulgaris dyes; the error are also reported in the Table 1. ... Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs), based on TiO2 and assembled using a dye from Beta vulgaris extract (BVE) with ... The nanoporous structure is useful because it has a high effective surface area to which the molecules of Beta vulgaris ...
more infohttp://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/14/2/4081/htm

Foods | Free Full-Text | Effect of Kimchi Fermentation on Oxalate Levels in Silver Beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla)Foods | Free Full-Text | Effect of Kimchi Fermentation on Oxalate Levels in Silver Beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla)

Beta vulgaris var. cicla) stems and leaves. As silver beet contains high oxalate concentrations and consumption of high levels ... Effect of Kimchi Fermentation on Oxalate Levels in Silver Beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla). Yukiko Wadamori †,* , Leo Vanhanen. ... Wadamori, Y.; Vanhanen, L.; Savage, G.P. Effect of Kimchi Fermentation on Oxalate Levels in Silver Beet (Beta vulgaris var. ... "Effect of Kimchi Fermentation on Oxalate Levels in Silver Beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla)." Foods 3, no. 2: 269-278. ...
more infohttp://www.mdpi.com/2304-8158/3/2/269

Positive Correlation Between Recombination Rates and Levels of Genetic Variation in Natural Populations of Sea Beet (Beta...Positive Correlation Between Recombination Rates and Levels of Genetic Variation in Natural Populations of Sea Beet (Beta...

Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). Thomas Kraft, Torbjörn Säll, Ingrid Magnusson-Rading, Nils-Otto Nilsson and Christer Halldén ... Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). Thomas Kraft, Torbjörn Säll, Ingrid Magnusson-Rading, Nils-Otto Nilsson and Christer Halldén ... Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). Thomas Kraft, Torbjörn Säll, Ingrid Magnusson-Rading, Nils-Otto Nilsson and Christer Halldén ... Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). The rate of recombination per physical unit was estimated indirectly through marker density in ...
more infohttps://www.genetics.org/content/150/3/1239.abstract

Coe1 in Beta vulgaris L. Has a Tnp2-Domain DNA Transposase Gene within Putative LTRs and Other Retroelement-Like FeaturesCoe1 in Beta vulgaris L. Has a Tnp2-Domain DNA Transposase Gene within Putative LTRs and Other Retroelement-Like Features

Beta vulgaris,/i, L. of ,i,Coe1,/i,, a DNA transposase gene within putative long terminal repeats (LTRs), and other ... Beta vulgaris L.) genome was first obtained by Schmidt et al. [5], who described (1) repetitive DNA sequences in Beta vulgaris ... Beta vulgaris (ABM55246), Citrus sinensis (CAJ09951), Glycine max (AAO73527), Ipomoea batatas (AAV88069), Medicago truncatula ( ... The finding of a Coe1-like element in Arabidopsis supports the concept that Coe1 in Beta vulgaris is not a unique instance of a ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpg/2008/360874/
  • Antioxidant and Antiradical Activity of Beetroot (Beta vulgaris L. var. (hindawi.com)
  • Fertilizers in different nitrogen forms (calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN), urea, ammonium sulfate (AS), and ammonium nitrate (AN)) and their doses (50, 100, and 150) for beetroot (BT) ( Beta vulgaris L. var. (hindawi.com)
  • The efficiencies of solar energy conversion by betalains are 0.67% from beetroot ( Beta vulgaris ), compared to anthocyanins as dye sensitizers, slightly higher efficiencies (η) [ 6 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Our earlier studies showed that red beetroot ( Beta vulgaris L.) extract (B), approved by Food and Drug Administration and European Union as red food color E162, reduced multi-organ tumor formations in various animal models when administered in drinking water. (degruyter.com)
  • BNYVV Infects all of the following species: Beta vulgaris (beetroot), Beta vulgaris var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs), based on TiO 2 and assembled using a dye from Beta vulgaris extract (BVE) with Tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), are reported. (mdpi.com)
  • We describe discovery in Beta vulgaris L. of Coe1 , a DNA transposase gene within putative long terminal repeats (LTRs), and other retrotransposon-like features including both a retroviral-like hypothetical gene and an Rvt2-domain reverse transcriptase pseudogene. (hindawi.com)
  • Vulmar1 , a mariner-class transposon in Beta vulgaris , [ 6 ], 3 909 bp in length, has 32 bp terminal inverted repeats and carries a single ORF that encodes a transposase with a characteristic DDE signature motif in a single exon. (hindawi.com)
  • In this communication, we report the discovery in Beta vulgaris of Coe1 , a Class II DNA transposase gene within putative LTRs and other features that are characteristic of Class I LTR-retrotransposons. (hindawi.com)
  • With the purpose of increasing the amount of sugars that benefit the yield of ethanol in fermentation, it was performed hydrolysis of Beta vulgaris L. with H 2 SO 4 . (scielo.org.mx)
  • vulgaris L.) is known and still distributed throughout Europe, especially in the Mediterranean region along coastal drift lines. (frontiersin.org)
  • The wild forms of Beta vulgaris are distributed in southwestern, northern and Southeast Europe along the Atlantic coasts and the Mediterranean Sea, in North Africa, Macaronesia, to Western Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Differences between the rhizosphere microbiome of Beta vulgaris ssp. (frontiersin.org)
  • Carvalho, E., Curtis, W. R. Growth and pigment production by hairy root cultures of Beta vulgaris L. in a bubble column reactor. (springer.com)
  • 5 ], who described (1) repetitive DNA sequences in Beta vulgaris similar to long interspersed nuclear elements (LINEs), a type of retrotransposon without LTRs, and (2) other repetitive DNA sequences that resembled LTR retrotransposons of the Ty1-copia class. (hindawi.com)
  • A correlation similar to this has been observed previously in Drosophila, one that was higher than what we obtained for Beta. (genetics.org)