A species of the Beta genus. Cultivars are used as a source of beets (root) or chard (leaves).
The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.
Compounds derived from TYROSINE via betalamic acid, including BETAXANTHINS and BETACYANINS. They are found in the Caryophyllales order of PLANTS and some BASIDIOMYCETES.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in soil, fecal matter, and sewage. It is an opportunistic pathogen and causes cystitis and pyelonephritis.
A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from soil, animal intestines and feces, and fresh and salt water.
An organism of the vegetable kingdom suitable by nature for use as a food, especially by human beings. Not all parts of any given plant are edible but all parts of edible plants have been known to figure as raw or cooked food: leaves, roots, tubers, stems, seeds, buds, fruits, and flowers. The most commonly edible parts of plants are FRUIT, usually sweet, fleshy, and succulent. Most edible plants are commonly cultivated for their nutritional value and are referred to as VEGETABLES.
An enzyme which catalyzes the hydrolysis of diphosphate (DIPHOSPHATES) into inorganic phosphate. The hydrolysis of pyrophosphate is coupled to the transport of HYDROGEN IONS across a membrane.
A chronic disorder of the pilosebaceous apparatus associated with an increase in sebum secretion. It is characterized by open comedones (blackheads), closed comedones (whiteheads), and pustular nodules. The cause is unknown, but heredity and age are predisposing factors.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Any normal or abnormal coloring matter in PLANTS; ANIMALS or micro-organisms.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
A species of green microalgae in the family Chlorellaceae. It is used as a model organism for PHOTOSYNTHESIS, and as a food supplement (DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS).
Any spaces or cavities within a cell. They may function in digestion, storage, secretion, or excretion.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.
A plant genus in the family FABACEAE which is the source of edible beans and the lectin PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS.
Group of chronic blistering diseases characterized histologically by ACANTHOLYSIS and blister formation within the EPIDERMIS.
The reproductive organs of plants.
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
The genetic complement of a plant (PLANTS) as represented in its DNA.
Diseases of plants.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A plant genus of the family GERANIACEAE. Geranium is also used as a common name for PELARGONIUM.
Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.
The discarding or destroying of garbage, sewage, or other waste matter or its transformation into something useful or innocuous.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE. Members contain TRITERPENES. Heal all is another common name.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.
Semisynthetic derivative of ergot (Claviceps purpurea). It has complex effects on serotonergic systems including antagonism at some peripheral serotonin receptors, both agonist and antagonist actions at central nervous system serotonin receptors, and possibly effects on serotonin turnover. It is a potent hallucinogen, but the mechanisms of that effect are not well understood.
Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.
A rod-shaped bacterium surrounded by a sheath-like structure which protrudes balloon-like beyond the ends of the cell. It is thermophilic, with growth occurring at temperatures as high as 90 degrees C. It is isolated from geothermally heated marine sediments or hot springs. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
Six-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives. Various polyneuropathies are caused by hexane poisoning.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
Cells in certain regions of an embryo that self-regulate embryonic development. These organizers have been found in dorsal and ventral poles of GASTRULA embryos, including Spemann organizer in amphibians, and Hensen node in chicken and mouse. These organizer cells communicate with each other via a network of secreted signaling proteins, such as BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEINS and their antagonists (chordin and noggin).
DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.
The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.

Glucuronic acid directly linked to galacturonic acid in the rhamnogalacturonan backbone of beet pectins. (1/232)

Sugar-beet pulp was de-esterified and submitted to 72 h hydrolysis by 0.1 M HCl at 80 degrees C. Oligomers containing a single glucuronic acid (GlcA) moiety in addition to n(>/= 2) repeats of the dimer -->4)-alpha-D-GalpA-(1-->2)-alpha-L-Rhap-(1--> were isolated from the hydrolysate by ion-exchange and gel-permeation. Glycosyl linkage composition analysis and 1H NMR studies indicated that the GlcA was attached to O-3 of a galacturonic acid (GalA) residue, as shown for the two pentamers beta-D-GlcpA-(1-->3)-alpha-D-GalpA-(1-->2)-alpha-L-Rhap-(1-->4)-alpha-D-GalpA-(1- ->2)-L-Rhap and alpha-D-GalpA-(1-->2)-alpha-L-Rhap-(1-->4)-[beta-D-GlcpA-(1-->3)]-alpha-D-GalpA-( 1-->2)-L-Rhap. Substitution by GlcA was estimated as occurring on one GalA residue out of 72 in the rhamnogalacturonan fraction of the backbone of beet pectins.  (+info)

Susceptibility to the sugar beet cyst nematode is modulated by ethylene signal transduction in Arabidopsis thaliana. (2/232)

Previously, we identified Arabidopsis thaliana mutant rhd1-4 as hypersusceptible to the sugar beet cyst nematode Heterodera schachtii. We assessed rhd1-4 as well as two other rhd1 alleles and found that each exhibited, in addition to H. schachtii hypersusceptibility, decreased root length, increased root hair length and density, and deformation of the root epidermal cells compared with wild-type A. thaliana ecotype Columbia (Col-0). Treatment of rhd1-4 and Col-0 with the ethylene inhibitors 2-aminoethoxyvinylglycine and silver nitrate and the ethylene precursor 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid suggests that the rhd1-4 hypersusceptibility and root morphology phenotypes are the result of an increased ethylene response. Assessment of known ethylene mutants further support the finding that ethylene plays a role in mediating A. thaliana susceptibility to H. schachtii because mutants that overproduce ethylene (eto1-1, eto2, and eto3) are hypersusceptible to H. schachtii and mutants that are ethylene-insensitive (etr1-1, ein2-1, ein3-1, eir1-1, and axr2) are less susceptible to H. schachtii. Because the ethylene mutants tested show altered susceptibility and altered root hair density and length, a discrimination between the effects of altered ethylene signal transduction and root hair density on susceptibility was accomplished by analyzing the ttg and gl2 mutants, which produce ectopic root hairs that result in greatly increased root hair densities while maintaining normal ethylene signal transduction. The observed normal susceptibilities to H. schachtii of ttg and g12 indicate that increased root hair density, per se, does not cause hypersusceptibility. Furthermore, the results of nematode attraction assays suggest that the hypersusceptibility of rhd1-4 and the ethylene-overproducing mutant eto3 may be the result of increased attraction of H. schachtii-infective juveniles to root exudates of these plants. Our findings indicate that rhd1 is altered in its ethylene response and that ethylene signal transduction positively influences plant susceptibility to cyst nematodes.  (+info)

Plant members of the alpha1-->3/4-fucosyltransferase gene family encode an alpha1-->4-fucosyltransferase, potentially involved in Lewis(a) biosynthesis, and two core alpha1-->3-fucosyltransferases. (3/232)

Three putative alpha1-->3/4-fucosyltransferase (alpha1-->3/4-FucT) genes have been detected in the Arabidopsis thaliana genome. The products of two of these genes have been identified in vivo as core alpha1-->3-FucTs involved in N-glycosylation. An orthologue of the third gene was isolated from a Beta vulgaris cDNA library. The encoded enzyme efficiently fucosylates Galbeta1-->3GlcNAcbeta1-->3Galbeta1-->4Glc. Analysis of the product by 400 MHz (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy showed that the product is alpha1-->4-fucosylated at the N-acetylglucosamine residue. In vitro, the recombinant B. vulgaris alpha1-->4-FucT acts efficiently only on neutral type 1 chain-based glycan structures. In plants the enzyme is expected to be involved in Lewis(a) formation on N-linked glycans.  (+info)

In wounded sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) tap-root, hexose accumulation correlates with the induction of a vacuolar invertase isoform. (4/232)

Wounding of sugar beet tap-root causes an induction of invertase activity, which contributes to post-harvest sucrose losses. In this first comprehensive monitoring of wound-induced invertase mRNAs, proteins, enzyme activities, and tissue hexose concentrations, the VI isoform responsible for wound-induced hexose accumulation in mature tap-root could be identified.  (+info)

Guard cell wall: immunocytochemical detection of polysaccharide components. (5/232)

The composition of guard cell walls in sugar beet leaves (Beta vulgaris L.) was studied by using histochemical staining and immunocytochemical detection of cell wall antigens. The findings were compared with those in the walls of epidermal and mesophyll cells. Probing of leaf sections with monoclonal antibodies against pectins, terminal fucosyl residues linked alpha-(1-->2) to galactose, beta-(1-->3)-glucans and arabinogalactan-proteins revealed several specific features of guard cells. Pectic epitopes recognized by JIM7 were homogeneously distributed in the wall, whereas pectins recognized by JIM5 were not found in the walls themselves, but were abundant in the cuticular layer. Large amounts of molecules bearing terminal fucose were located predominantly in ventral and lateral guard cell walls. Much smaller amounts were detected in dorsal walls of these cells, as well as in the walls of pavement and mesophyll cells. Conspicuous accumulation of these compounds was observed in the vicinity of the guard cell plasmalemma, whereas labelling was scarce in the areas of the wall adjacent to the cell surface. The presence of callose clearly marked the ventral wall between the recently formed, very young guard cells. Callose also appeared in some mature walls, where it was seen as punctate deposits that probably reflected a specific physiological state of the guard cells. Large amounts of arabinogalactan-proteins were deposited within the cuticle, and smaller amounts of these proteoglycans were also detected in other tissues of the leaf. The histochemical and immunocytochemical structure of the guard cell wall is discussed in the light of its multiple functions, most of which involve changes in cell size and shape.  (+info)

Isolation and molecular analysis of six taproot expressed genes from sugar beet. (6/232)

The taproot from sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) undergoes a specific developmental process to function as a food storage organ. Suppression Subtractive Hybridization (SSH) was utilized for the isolation of cDNA fragments for taproot expressed genes. Isolation and molecular analysis of six cDNAs encoding the complete gene product revealed that these genes comprise homologues of a drought-inducible linker histone, a homologue of a major latex-like protein, a phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase kinase, a putative vacuolar processing enzyme, a thaumatin-like protein and an alanine- and glutamic acid-rich protein. All genes are transcribed in taproots while transcription in leaves is low or undetectable.  (+info)

New medium composition for high betacyanin production by a cell suspension culture of table beet (Beta vulgaris L.). (7/232)

The effect of a revised Linsmaier-Skoog (LS) medium on betacyanin production was investigated in suspension cultures of table beet (Beta vulgaris L.). The effects of a high iron concentration and low concentration of zinc on betacyanin production were not cumulative. The composition of the new revised medium for high betacyanin production was established by reducing the concentration of inorganic nitrogen (30 mM), modifying the ratio of ammonium to nitrate (1:14), reducing the concentration of zinc (0.0003 mM), and removing copper and cobalt. The revised LS medium enabled the maximum betacyanin yield of 550 mg/l to be obtained from a 14-day culture. This medium promoted the betacyanin production in three types of cell line differing in the betacyanin productivity. The betacyanin productivity (40 mg/l x day) was higher than that quoted in any other previous reports.  (+info)

Antibiotic and biosurfactant properties of cyclic lipopeptides produced by fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. from the sugar beet rhizosphere. (8/232)

Cyclic lipopeptides (CLPs) with antibiotic and biosurfactant properties are produced by a number of soil bacteria, including fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. To provide new and efficient strains for the biological control of root-pathogenic fungi in agricultural crops, we isolated approximately 600 fluorescent Pseudomonas spp. from two different agricultural soils by using three different growth media. CLP production was observed in a large proportion of the strains (approximately 60%) inhabiting the sandy soil, compared to a low proportion (approximately 6%) in the loamy soil. Chemical structure analysis revealed that all CLPs could be clustered into two major groups, each consisting of four subgroups. The two major groups varied primarily in the number of amino acids in the cyclic peptide moiety, while each of the subgroups could be differentiated by substitutions of specific amino acids in the peptide moiety. Production of specific CLPs could be affiliated with Pseudomonas fluorescens strain groups belonging to biotype I, V, or VI. In vitro analysis using both purified CLPs and whole-cell P. fluorescens preparations demonstrated that all CLPs exhibited strong biosurfactant properties and that some also had antibiotic properties towards root-pathogenic microfungi. The CLP-producing P. fluorescens strains provide a useful resource for selection of biological control agents, whether a single strain or a consortium of strains was used to maximize the synergistic effect of multiple antagonistic traits in the inoculum.  (+info)

Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), vectored by Polymyxa betae, causes rhizomania in sugar beet. For disease control, the cultivation of hybrids carrying Rz1 resistance is crucial, but is compromised by resistance-breaking (RB) strains with specific mutations in the P25 protein at amino acids 67-70 (tetrad). To obtain evidence for P25 variability from soil-borne populations, where the virus persists for decades, populations with wild-type (WT) and RB properties were analysed by P25 deep sequencing. The level of P25 variation in the populations analysed did not correlate with RB properties. Remarkably, one WT population contained P25 with RB mutations at a frequency of 11%. To demonstrate selection by Rz1 and the influence of RB mutations on relative fitness, competition experiments between strains were performed. Following a mixture of strains with four RNAs, a shift in tetrad variants was observed, suggesting that strains did not mix or transreplicate. The plant genotype exerted a clear ...
Rhizomania is an extremely severe sugarbeet disease caused by the complex Polymyxa betae/Beet Necrotic Yellow Vein Virus (BNYVV). A relatively small number of recently introduced sugarbeet cultivars...
Beetroot Juice - Know more about organic beetroot juice, beetroot juice ingredients, benefits of beetroot juice, beetroot juice suppliers, exporters and manufacturers from India.
Two members of the Benyviridae family, Beet soil borne mosaic virus (BSBMV) and Beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), possess identical genome organisation, host range and high sequence similarity. To understand functional differences in molecular biology, pathogenicity mechanisms, symptom expression as well as interaction with the host and between viral species, a reverse genetic system represents a prerequisite. Infectious cDNA full length clones of both viruses were constructed by isothermal in vitro recombination. Artificial formation of BNYVV and BSBMV RNA1+2 reassortants were viable and spread long distance in N. benthamiana. Small genomic RNAs were exchangeable and systemically infected B. macrocarpa. Moreover, fluorescence labelled full length clones were achieved by replacing a part of the RNA2 encoded coat protein read through domain. Co infection experiments with labelled BSBMV and BNYVV showed that both viruses remained spatially separated after N. benthamiana agroinoculation. In ...
Die Futterr be (Dickr be), die Zuckerr be und sogar Rote Beete sind Kulturformen derselben Art Beta vulgaris var. vulgaris, die aus der Wilden R be Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima gez chtet wurde. Fodder Beet, Sugar Beet, and even Beetroot are culture types of the same species Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris, which has been bred from the Sea Beet Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima. ...
The temperature-inducible expression vector containing the beet necrotic yellow vein virus(BNYVV)isolate NM coat protein gene was constructed and transferred into E. coli DH5 α. High-level expression of the specific protein was achieved by temperature induction. The results of SDSPAGE and Western blotting show that the expression product which accumulates 19.5% of the total cellular proteins estimated by Shimadzu CS-910 scanning is 21kd BNYVV coat protein.
Read Distribution of various types and P25 subtypes of Beet necrotic yellow vein virus in Germany and other European countries, Archives of Virology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Organic Beet Root Powder - 4 oz.-Latin Name: Beta vulgaris rubraCommon Names: Beet root Beet Root, or Beta vulgaris rubra, is a vegetable. However the Beet Root was once considered an herb. So the beet root we know now is only about 300 years old. Th
The consumption of beetroot juice on a low nitrate diet may lower blood pressure (BP) and therefore reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. However, it is unknown if its inclusion as part of a normal diet has a similar effect on BP. The aim of the study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial with free-living adults to investigate if consuming beetroot juice in addition to a normal diet produces a measureable reduction in BP. Fifteen women and fifteen men participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Volunteers were randomized to receive 500 g of beetroot and apple juice (BJ) or a placebo juice (PL). Volunteers had BP measured at baseline and at least hourly for 24-h following juice consumption using an ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM). Volunteers remained at the clinic for 1-h before resuming normal non-strenuous daily activities. The identical procedure was repeated 2-wk later with the drink (BJ or PL) not consumed on the first visit. Overall, there
JIMENEZ ISLAS, Donaji et al. Fermentable sugar production throug acid hydrolysis of Beta vulgaris L.. Rev. Int. Contam. Ambient [online]. 2012, vol.28, n.2, pp.151-158. ISSN 0188-4999.. With the purpose of increasing the amount of sugars that benefit the yield of ethanol in fermentation, it was performed hydrolysis of Beta vulgaris L. with H2SO4. The following parameters were used to evaluate the degree of hydrolysis of substrate: stirring, acid concentration, mass, and temperature. The mass was tested in the range of 5 to 40 g and stirring from 100 to 250 rpm. The temperature and reaction time were evaluated in the range of 30 to 90 °C and 2 to 6 h, respectively. The tested particle size was 0.5 mm and a reaction volume of 50 mL was used for all cases. The rate of 150 rpm had a better effect over hydrolysis. By comparison of means it was determined that concentrations higher than 0.5 N of H2SO4 showed no significant effect (p,0.05) on the release of total sugars. The highest yield of ...
Beetroot For Skin Tone. Beetroot is one of the best juices to apply on your face to improve skin tone. Apply as a face mask mixed with one portion of milk. Leave in the juice for half an hour before rinsing.. Beetroot For Skin Whitening. To become fair overnight, try this tip. Mix one tbsp of beetroot juice along with 1 tsp of lemon juice. The mixture is then applied on your face and left in for 15 minutes. Wash with cold water before going to bed.. Beetroot For Acne. Acne can be treated with the help of beetroot juice. Mix 2 tbsp of beet juice along with a tbsp of curd. This mixture helps to dry the acne in no time, leaving behind no scars.. Beetroot For Black Heads. Black heads can be removed from your face with the help of a beetroot scrub. Into 1 tbsp of juice add sugar to make a scrub. Use the scrub to remove the black heads.. Beetroot For Dark Circles. Dark circles can be lightened with beetroot juice. The properties present in the juice will soothe your puffy eyes.. Beetroot For Pink ...
Citation: Panella, L.W., Lewellen, R.T. 2004. Notice of release of fc201 monogerm, 0-type sugarbeet germplasm with resistance to rhizomania and other diseases.. Germplasm Release. Interpretive Summary: This is a Germplasm Release, no Interpretive Summary required. Technical Abstract: FC201 is a segregating population of sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.) with a high frequency of the Rz allele conferring resistance to rhizomania caused by Beet necrotic yellow vein virus. It is segregating for resistance to root-rotting strains (AG-2-2) of Rhizoctonia solani Kühn and to the sugar beet root aphid (Pemphigus sp.), has moderate resistance to cercospora leaf spot caused by Cercospora beticola Sacc., to black root caused by Aphanomyces cochlioides Drechsl., and the Beet curly top virus. FC201 is a heterogeneous population from which to select disease resistant monogerm, O-type parents to infuse multiple disease resistance on the female side of hybrids. There is no CMS equivalent. FC201 is released from ...
Since making beetroot juice with your juice extractor is a messy affair, we decided to offer an easier option by taking raw beetroot juice, freeze drying it (so no active compound is harmed or damaged) and thereby make taking a glass of beetroot juice easy. All you need to do is to add a teaspoon of the freeze-dried powder to water and to drink it.. It does not really have a very strong taste and is pleasant to drink - it has a sweet and earthy taste. Our director Duane Milne takes a glass of beetroot juice daily and also adds a teaspoon of barley grass to the juice to create an invigorating easy-to-make raw vegetable drink ...
Read Alternative splicing of the maize Ac transposase transcript in transgenic sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.), Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The consumption of beetroot juice on a low nitrate diet may lower blood pressure (BP) and therefore reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. However, it is unknown if its inclusion as part of a normal diet has a similar effect on BP. The aim of the study was to conduct a randomized controlled trial with free-living adults to investigate if consuming beetroot juice in addition to a normal diet produces a measureable reduction in BP. Fifteen women and fifteen men participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Volunteers were randomized to receive 500 g of beetroot and apple juice (BJ) or a placebo juice (PL). Volunteers had BP measured at baseline and at least hourly for 24-h following juice consumption using an ambulatory blood pressure monitor (ABPM). Volunteers remained at the clinic for 1-h before resuming normal non-strenuous daily activities. The identical procedure was repeated 2-wk later with the drink (BJ or PL) not consumed on the first visit. Overall, there
Sugar beet is a plant whose root contains a high concentration of sucrose and which is grown commercially for sugar production. In plant breeding it is known as the Altissima cultivar group of the common beet (Beta vulgaris). Together with other beet cultivars, such as beetroot and chard, it belongs to the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris. Its closest wild relative is the Sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). In 2013, Russia, France, the United States, Germany, and Turkey were the worlds five largest sugar beet producers. In 2010-2011, North America and Europe did not produce enough sugar from sugar beets to meet overall demand for sugar and were all net importers of sugar. The US harvested 1,004,600 acres (406,547 ha) of sugar beets in 2008. In 2009, sugar beets accounted for 20% of the worlds sugar production. The sugar beet has a conical, white, fleshy root (a taproot) with a flat crown. The plant consists of the root and a rosette of leaves. Sugar is formed by photosynthesis in ...
beet root powder are expectorant, blood purifier, tonic. beta vulgaris improve blood flow, low blood pressure. beet herbal powder supplier, traders in India
TY - JOUR. T1 - The effects of a single dose of concentrated beetroot juice on performance in trained flatwater kayakers. AU - Muggeridge, David. AU - Howe, Christopher C.F.. AU - Spendiff, Owen. AU - Pedlar, Charles. AU - James, Philip E.. AU - Easton, Chris. PY - 2013/4. Y1 - 2013/4. N2 - The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of dietary nitrate ingestion on parameters of sub- maximal and supramaximal exercise and time trial (TT) performance in trained kayakers. Eight male kayakers completed four exercise trials consisting of an initial discontinuous graded exercise test to exhaustion and three performance trials using a kayak ergometer. The performance trials were composed of 15 min of paddling at 60% of maximum work rate, five 10-s all-out sprints, and a 1 km TT. The second and third trials were preceded by ingestion of either 70 ml nitrate-rich concentrated beetroot juice (BR) or tomato juice (placebo [PLA]) 3 hr before exercise using a randomized crossover design. Plasma ...
Dietary nitrate supplementation, in the form of beetroot juice, has a number of potentially advantageous effects in COPD. These include improving the response to pulmonary rehabilitation programme, making muscle contraction more efficient so it uses less oxygen, and improving how far people with low oxygen levels because of their lung disease can walk. Although COPD is a lung disease, people with the condition are at a higher risk of heart disease and stroke. There is also some evidence that beetroot juice can reduce blood pressure, but studies so far have been short term. A nutritional treatment that could produce a lasting reduction in blood pressure would be appealing, especially if it also improves peoples ability to exercise. The aim of this study is to investigate the prolonged treatment effects of daily beetroot juice on blood pressure in people with COPD. The researchers will also look at how far people can walk, make measurements of how well blood vessels function, and take blood ...
The objective of this study was to investigate the low seed germination of 12 varieties of Oregon grown monogerm sugar beet, Beta vulgaris L., using several methods to determine the germination potential. The methods were: (1) X-ray radiograph examination, (2) standard laboratory germination following official rules, (3) laboratory germination by hydrogen peroxide method, and (4) field emergence. The X-ray technique was effective and accurate for determining the number of undeveloped seeds in the varieties examined. The use of this technique for determining germination potential is questionable at this time, since the abnormalities present in the seedballs could not be detected from the radiograph. The speed of germination, as well as total germination, was higher for the hydrogen peroxide method than the standard method. There was less difference between the two methods for those varieties having decorticated seed. The results of the hydrogen peroxide method compared more favorably with the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Long-Term Dietary Nitrate Supplementation Does Not Prevent Development of the Metabolic Syndrome in Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet. AU - Matthews, V. B.. AU - Hollingshead, R.. AU - Koch, H.. AU - Croft, K. D.. AU - Ward, N. C.. PY - 2018/1/1. Y1 - 2018/1/1. N2 - Background. Nitric oxide (NO) is an important vascular signaling molecule that plays a role in vascular homeostasis. A reduction in NO bioavailability is thought to contribute to endothelial dysfunction, an early risk factor for both cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. Dietary nitrate, through the nitrate-nitrite-NO pathway, may provide an alternate source of NO when the endogenous eNOS system is compromised. In addition to a role in the vascular system, NO may also play a role in the metabolic syndrome including obesity and glucose tolerance. Aim. To investigate the effect of long-term dietary nitrate supplementation on development of the metabolic syndrome in mice fed a high-fat diet. Methods. Following 1 week of ...
The excitement around beetroot juice as the newest sports supplement comes from its particularly high content of nitrate and ability to be turned into juice. Beetroot juice can be made at home with a juicer but specially produced concentrated shots of juice (e.g. Beet ItTM shots) are often a more convenient and palatable option owing to the significantly lower volume required for the same amount of nitrate than DIY juices (70ml vs. ~500ml DIY beetroot juice).. ...
Calcium-transporting ATPases were compared in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)- and plasma membrane-enriched fractions of red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) storage tissue by measuring 45Ca uptake and calcium-dependent phosphoenzyme formation. The plasma membrane fraction was prepared by aqueous two-phase partitioning of a microsomal fraction and collecting the upper phase. The ER-enriched fraction was obtained by submitting a sucrose-gradient ER-enriched fraction to aqueous two-phase partitioning and collecting the lower phase; this reduced contaminating plasma membrane, which partitioned into the upper phase. The ATP-dependent calcium uptake observed in both fractions was released by the calcium ionophore A23187. Calcium uptake showed saturation kinetics for calcium with Km values of 0.92 mmol m-3 for the ER fraction and 1.24 mmol m-3 for the plasma membrane fraction. Uptake into both fractions was inhibited by vanadate and erythrosin B, although the plasma membrane system was slightly more sensitive to ...
September 19, 2006. How sweet it is! Scientists with the Agricultural Research Service in Sidney, Mont., may have found a natural alternative to the copious pesticides that sugar beet growers must spray on fields to fend off their biggest enemy: the sugar beet root maggot.. Stefan Jaronski, an insect pathologist who works at the ARS Northern Plains Agricultural Research Laboratory in Sidney, has discovered that a strain of the biocontrol fungus Metarhizium anisopliae is not only effective at killing the maggot, but is also a vigorous colonizer that can adapt quickly to its new environment. Jaronskis research builds on initial biocontrol efforts by ARS scientists at Fargo, N.D., during the 1990s.. Even though the fungus is a newcomer to sugar beet soils, its quite capable of holding its own among the hundreds of other microbes already established there. The maggot is certainly worthy of a unique control strategy. This subterranean pest gnaws on young sugar beet roots, inflicting deep wounds ...
Bacillus mycoides isolate Bac J, a non-pathogenic, phyllosphere-inhabiting biological control agent, reduced Cercospora leaf spot of sugar beet by 60-80% in glasshouse experiments, even when spatially separated from the causal agent, Cercospora beticola Sacc. Disease control was attributed to the ability of the bacterium to induce systemic resistance in the host, which was demonstrated through classical induced resistance challenge assays. Additionally, in glasshouse and field experiments three pathogenesis-related proteins, chitinase, beta-glucanase and peroxidase, that are accepted molecular markers of systemic induced resistance, were increased by nearly 2-fold in distal, untreated sugar beet leaves following treatment with Bacillus mycoides isolate Bac J and acibenzolar-S-methyl, a chemical inducer of systemic resistance. The increased activity in all cases was a result of the production of unique isoforms of the enzymes not found in the water treated control. The Bacillus mycoides isolate ...
Organic Great Value uses only wholesome ingredients with no artificial flavors to deliver great foods you can â ¦ ; Walmart - Pick up R.W. As per a study, people who consumed beetroot juice for 6 days showed improvement in their stamina which helped them exercise better. Best Beet Juice Powder Micro Ingredients Beetroot Powder. IMPROVE EXERCISE STAMINA: Studies have shown that drinking beet juice can increase exercise stamina while reducing maximum oxygen output. If you are ever in doubt about an ingredient, pop over to the website of your countrys regulatory agency for food and they might have a list of approved additives. there is a restaurant called Coffee Shop on 16th St (west side of Union Sq. Gently pour Brilliant Beetroot juice adding hazelnut butter and horseradish. This is where official certifications come in, and USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) is probably one of the most reputable issuers of organic certificates in the world. Beetroot is an all natural, dark red ...
The beetroot is the taproot portion of the beet plant, usually known in North America as the beet, also table beet, garden beet, red beet, or golden beet. It is one of several of the cultivated varieties of Beta vulgaris grown for their edible taproots and their leaves (called beet greens). These varieties have been classified as B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris Conditiva Group.. Other than as a food, beets have use as a food colouring and as a medicinal plant. Many beet products are made from other Beta vulgaris varieties, particularly sugar beet.. Usually the deep purple roots of beetroot are eaten boiled, roasted or raw, and either alone or combined with any salad vegetable. A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilized beets or into pickles. In Eastern Europe, beet soup, such as borscht, is a popular dish. In Indian cuisine, chopped, cooked, spiced beet is a common side dish. Yellow-coloured beetroots are grown on a very small scale for home ...
We describe discovery in |i|Beta vulgaris|/i| L. of |i|Coe1|/i|, a DNA transposase gene within putative long terminal repeats (LTRs), and other retrotransposon-like features including both a retroviral-like hypothetical gene and an Rvt2-domain reverse transcriptase pseudogene. The central DNA transposase gene encodes, in eight exons, a predicted |?bhlt ?|160-KDa|?ehlt ?| protein producing BLAST alignments with |i|En/Spm|/i|-type transposons. Except for a stop signal, another ORF encodes a |i|Ty1-copia|/i|-like reverse transcriptase with amino acid sequence domain YVDDIIL. Outside apparent LTRs, an 8-mer nucleotide sequence motif CACTATAA, near or within inverted repeat sequences, is hypothetical extreme termini. A genome scan of |i|Arabidopsis thaliana|/i| found another example of a |i|Tnp2|/i|-domain transposase gene within an apparent LTR-retrotransposon on chromosome 4.
If you have a question about this talk, please contact Suzy Stoodley.. Sugar beet, Beta vulgaris ssp. vulgaris, is the UKs local source of sugar and provides for half of our domestic sugar needs. Sugar beet is a biennial plant, grown as an annual spring-sown crop. The roots, a product of the vegetative phase of growth, contain up to 19% sugar and are harvested in the autumn. Bolting (stem elongation) and flowering of crops reduces root yield and occurs after crops experience prolonged cold temperatures (vernalization) in the spring. The gibberellin plant growth regulators have roles in cell expansion and division, and the control of reproductive growth. In biennial sugar beet, the amount of bioactive gibberellins increases at the shoot tip after vernalization, and bolting has been shown to be a GA-limited process. What is not yet clear is the mechanism of interaction between vernalization, gibberellin and bolting or flowering. I will show how qPCR has revealed a vernalization-regulated GA ...
The Use of Natural Dyes from Beetroot Skin Extract (Beta Vulgaris) as Teaching Material on Cell Division for Senior High School Students
110 days. Plant produces good yields of large 3 lb sugar beets. Roots have a sugar flavor. Shred the beets and add to other vegetables. Also used to make molasses and wine. A fun thing to grow
Objective: Medicinal plants have attracted global attention due to their safety as well as their considerable antioxidant content that helps to prevent or ameliorate various disorders including memory impairments. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of beet root (Beta vulgaris) leaf extract on scopolamine-induced spatial memory impairments in male Wistar rats. Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10): Control (C), scopolamine 1 mg/kg/day (S), scopolamine+50 mg/kg B. vulgaris leaf extract (S+B 50), scopolamine+100 mg/kg B. vulgaris leaf extract (S+B 100) and scopolamine+200 mg/kg B. vulgaris leaf extract (S+B 200). Morris water maze task was used to assess spatial memory. Serum antioxidant capacity and malondialdehyde (MDA) level were also measured. Results: Group S spent significantly less time in the target quadrant compared to the control group, and the administration of B. vulgaris leaf extract (100 and 200 mg/kg) significantly increased this
Gene flow from sugar beets to sea beets occurs in the seed propagation areas in southern Europe. Some seed propagation also takes place in Denmark, but here the crop-wild gene flow has not been investigated. Hence, we studied gene flow to sea beet populations from sugar beet lines used in Danish seed propagation areas. A set of 12 Danish, two Swedish, one French, one Italian, one Dutch, and one Irish populations of sea beets, and four lines of sugar beet were analysed. To evaluate the genetic variation and gene flow, eight microsatellite loci were screened. This analysis revealed hybridization with cultivated beet in one of the sea beet populations from the centre of the Danish seed propagation area. Triploid hybrids found in this population were verified with flow cytometry. Possible hybrids or introgressed plants were also found in the French and Italian populations. However, individual assignment test using a Bayesian method provided 100% assignment success of diploid individuals into their ...
Individuals with cold sensitivity have low peripheral skin blood flow and skin temperature possibly due to reduced nitric oxide (NO•) bioavailability. Beetroot has a high concentration of inorganic nitrate and may increase NO-mediated vasodilation. Using a placebo-controlled, double blind, randomised, crossover design, this study tested the hypotheses that acute beetroot supplementation would increase the rate of cutaneous rewarming following a local cold challenge and augment endothelium-dependent vasodilation in cold sensitive individuals. Thirteen cold sensitive participants completed foot and hand cooling (separately, in 15 °C water for 2 minutes) with spontaneous rewarming in 30°C air whilst skin temperature and cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) were measured (Baseline). On two further separate visits, participants consumed 140 ml of either concentrated beetroot juice (nitrate supplementation) or nitrate-depleted beetroot juice (Placebo) 90 minutes before resting seated blood ...
The beet leaves (Beta vulgaris) is a plant in the Chenopodiaceae family. It is best known in its numerous cultivated varieties, the most well known of which is the purple root vegetable known as the beetroot or garden beet. However, other cultivated varieties include the leaf vegetables chard and spinach beet, as well as the root vegetables sugar…
Beets (Beta vulgaris) are hardy biennials in the Chenopodiaceae family, which also includes spinach, chard, orach and quinoa. HEIRLOOM Dark red-purple leaves used in salad mixes for a spectacular contrast. Roots may be harvested early as baby beets. Color intensifies as plants mature. Tolerant to heat and cold.; even moisture. Keep well weeded ...
Chromoviruses are one of the three genera of Ty3-gypsy long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons, and are present in high copy numbers in plant genomes. They are widely distributed within the plant kingdom, with representatives even in lower plants such as green and red algae. Their hallmark is the presence of a chromodomain at the C-terminus of the integrase. The chromodomain exhibits structural characteristics similar to proteins of the heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) family, which mediate the binding of each chromovirus type to specific histone variants. A specific integration via the chromodomain has been shown for only a few chromoviruses. However, a detailed study of different chromoviral clades populating a single plant genome has not yet been carried out. We conducted a comprehensive survey of chromoviruses within the Beta vulgaris (sugar beet) genome, and found a highly diverse chromovirus population, with significant differences in element size, primarily caused by their flanking LTRs. In
Shop the best Beet Root Complex - Nitric Oxide Booster products at Swanson Health Products. Trusted since 1969, we offer trusted quality and great value on Beet Root Complex - Nitric Oxide Booster products.
There are 4 calories in 1 teaspoon, dry of Instant Cereal Beverage with Beet Roots (Powdered, Dry). Get full nutrition facts and other common serving sizes of Instant Cereal Beverage with Beet Roots (Powdered, Dry) including 1 oz and 100 g.
Mangold Beta vulgaris or Swiss chard, silverbeet, spinach beet, bright lights. Hand drawn botanical vector illustration. Download a Free Preview or High Quality Adobe Illustrator Ai, EPS, PDF and High Resolution JPEG versions. ID #13965964.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Changes in the proteomic and metabolic profiles of Beta vulgaris root tips in response to iron deficiency and resupply. AU - Rellán-Álvarez, Rubén. AU - Andaluz, Sofía. AU - Rodríguez-Celma, Jorge. AU - Wohlgemuth, Gert. AU - Zocchi, Graziano. AU - Álvarez-Fernández, Ana. AU - Fiehn, Oliver. AU - López-Millán, Ana F.. AU - Abadía, Javier. PY - 2010/6/21. Y1 - 2010/6/21. N2 - Background: Plants grown under iron deficiency show different morphological, biochemical and physiological changes. These changes include, among others, the elicitation of different strategies to improve the acquisition of Fe from the rhizosphere, the adjustment of Fe homeostasis processes and a reorganization of carbohydrate metabolism. The application of modern techniques that allow the simultaneous and untargeted analysis of multiple proteins and metabolites can provide insight into multiple processes taking place in plants under Fe deficiency. The objective of this study was to characterize the ...
Chard (Beta vulgaris var. cicla) extract improved hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress and surfactant-associated protein alterations in rat lungs ...
Beet Root (Beta vulgaris) has been historically cultivated for its culinary and medicinal properties. Betalains are the phytonutrients that give the root its vibrant red pigment that can also be used as a natural dye. Beets contain nutrients such as fiber, betaine, and nitrates, and are high in natural sugars, added earthy sweetness to foods and drinks.. Raw • Organic • Paleo Friendly • Vegan • Non-GMO • Gluten Free • Kosher. Benefits: Energy performance.. ...
Introduction. Beetroot plasma membrane investigation 14/2/2011 The main objective of this investigation is to focus on the effect of ethanol (C2H5OH) on the plasma membrane of a beetroot. The colour of Beetroots is due to the presence of a red pigment in the cell sap. The purpose of this experiment is to use different concentrations of ethanol in order to find out what is its effect on the plasma membrane of the beetroot. Aim - To examine the effect of ethanol on the plasma membrane of beetroots by light transmission percentage. Hypothesis - Ethanol is an excellent solvent for substances as it is quite polar. Membranes are made of phospholipid bilayers. Ethanol dissolves these phospholipids in the membranes of the beetroot cells. This creates gaps in the phospholipid-bilayer of a beetroot cell. The plasma membrane becomes damaged and more fluid can move more easily. The red pigment, responsible for the beetroots colour, then leaks out.1 I believe a higher concentration of ethanol will cause ...
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Shop organic, non-GMO beet root powder at Mountain Rose Herbs. Beta vulgaris is ground into a powder for ease of use in smoothies, juices, and culinary dishes. Available in retail and bulk sizes.
Another supplement that has been associated with improving nitric oxide levels is beetroot juice. This supplement is incredibly high in nitrates/nitrites, which are natural compounds found in nutrient-dense foods such as beets and other vegetables.. Beetroot juice is a popular option for athletes that want to improve their stamina and increase their daily nitrate intake. In a 2018 study published in PLoS One, researchers had 12 elite middle- and long-distance runners split into two groups: beetroot juice and placebo. The study subjects supplemented with either 70mL of beetroot juice or the prescribed placebo for 15 days.. Authors tracked each individuals running economy, rating of perceived exertion, time to exhaustion, and vastus lateralis oxygen saturation. After the 15-day study, authors retested the subjects and noted that the beetroot juice subjects substantially improved their rating of perceived exertion and time to exhaustion, however, there were no biomechanical differences between the ...
Another supplement that has been associated with improving nitric oxide levels is beetroot juice. This supplement is incredibly high in nitrates/nitrites, which are natural compounds found in nutrient-dense foods such as beets and other vegetables.. Beetroot juice is a popular option for athletes that want to improve their stamina and increase their daily nitrate intake. In a 2018 study published in PLoS One, researchers had 12 elite middle- and long-distance runners split into two groups: beetroot juice and placebo. The study subjects supplemented with either 70mL of beetroot juice or the prescribed placebo for 15 days.. Authors tracked each individuals running economy, rating of perceived exertion, time to exhaustion, and vastus lateralis oxygen saturation. After the 15-day study, authors retested the subjects and noted that the beetroot juice subjects substantially improved their rating of perceived exertion and time to exhaustion, however, there were no biomechanical differences between the ...
Die Universität zu Köln ist eine Exzellenzuniversität mit dem klassischen Fächerspektrum einer Volluniversität. Als eine der größen Hochschulen Europas arbeitet sie in Forschung und Lehre auch international auf höchstem Niveau.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of beetroot (Beta vulgaris) preparations on the Maillard reaction products in milk and meat-protein model systems. AU - Račkauskienė, Ieva. AU - Pukalskas, Audrius. AU - Venskutonis, Petras Rimantas. AU - Fiore, Alberto. AU - Troise, Antonio Dario. AU - Fogliano, Vincenzo. PY - 2015/4/1. Y1 - 2015/4/1. N2 - The effects of beetroots (Beta vulgaris) on the formation of Maillard reaction (MR) products possessing health, nutritional and sensory implications were studied. The effect of dried beetroot juice on the formation of Nε-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) and Nε-(2-furoylmethyl)-L-lysine (furosine) was determined in a milk model system. Beetroot juice reduced furosine formation more than CML, inferring that betalain compounds present in the juice are more effective in reducing the formation of MR products in the early stage than in the advanced stage of MR. Beetroot water extract was fractionated on Sephadex LH20 and obtained three beetroot fractions were used to assess ...
DING proteins constitute a conserved and broadly distributed set of proteins found in bacteria, fungi, plants and animals (including humans). Characterization of DING proteins from animal and plant tissues indicated ligand-binding ability suggesting a role for DING proteins in cell signaling and biomineralization. Surprisingly, the genes encoding DING proteins in eukaryotes have not been identified in the eukaryotic genome or EST databases. Recent discovery of a DING homologue (named Psp here) in the genome of Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25 provided a unique opportunity to investigate the physiological roles of DING proteins. P. fluorescens SBW25 is a model bacterium that can efficiently colonize plant surfaces and enhance plant health. In this report we genetically characterize Psp with a focus on conditions under which psp is expressed and the protein exported. Psp is closely related to the periplasmic Pi binding component of the ABC-type phosphate transporter system (Pst). psp is flanked by a gene
Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25 was tagged with a triple marker gene cassette containing gfp, encoding green fluorescent protein; luxAB, encoding luciferase; and telABkilA, encoding tellurite resistance, and the tagged strain was monitored in the first Swedish field release of a genetically modified microorganism (GMM). The cells were inoculated onto winter wheat seeds and the GMM cells (SBW25∷tgl) were monitored in the field from September 2005 to May 2006 using plating, luminometry and microscopic analyses. Cell numbers were high on all sampling occasions and metabolically active cells were detected on all plant parts. Field results were similar to those obtained in a parallel phytotron study, although the amount of SBW25∷tgl detected on shoots was significantly higher in the phytotron than in the field. After winter, cell counts were 100-fold higher on the roots and root-associated soil compared with prewinter measurements, although the cells had a lower relative metabolic activity. ...
Abstract: Background and Objective: Beetroot is a vegetable and its juice was used in folk medicine to treat constipation, dandruff, gut and joint pain. It also has been used as antihypertensive, hypoglycaemic and showed antioxidant activity. This study aimed to investigate the effect of fermentation of red beetroot on the total phenolic content, antioxidant activity and DNA damage protection. Materials and Methods: The red beetroot (Beta vulgaris) root extract was fermented using different strains of lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus plantarum P108 and Lactobacillus acidophilus P110). DPPH, (ABTS) cation and superoxide anion assays were used in assessing the antioxidative potential of fermented beetroot. Total phenolics content of fermented B. vulgaris was estimated using Folin Ciocalteu reagent. Protection against DNA damage induced by the bleomycin iron complex was also studied. Results: The results showed that, both methanolic and aqueous extracts of the fermented B. vulgaris root had ...
Total, soluble and insoluble oxalates were extracted and analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) following the preparation of kimchi using silver beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla) stems and leaves. As silver beet contains high oxalate concentrations and consumption of high levels can cause the development of kidney stones in some people, the reduction of oxalate during preparation and fermentation of kimchi was investigated. The silver beet stems and leaves were soaked in a 10% brine solution for 11 h and then washed in cold tap water. The total, soluble and insoluble oxalate contents of the silver beet leaves were reduced by soaking in brine, from 4275.81 ± 165.48 mg/100 g to 3709.49 ± 216.51 mg/100 g fresh weight (FW). Fermenting the kimchi for 5 days at 19.3 ± 0.8 °C in 5 L ceramic jars with a water airtight seal resulted in a mean 38.50% reduction in total oxalate content and a mean 22.86% reduction in soluble oxalates. The total calcium content was essentially the same before
Apple and Beetroot Juice , Recipe. I always wanted to try ABC(Apple, Beets, Carrots) juice but ended up making carrot beets juice as I had no. Add the spices, stir and enjoy. Beverage Recipes Chef Noel Cunningham Jamaican Guinep Juice Recipe. A Jamaican street vendor was selling coconut water for £3.50 and this refreshing/energizer drink for a bit less. https://www.homemadezagat.com/2016/10/delicious-beet-punch.html In a bowl, strain the blended portion and … Beverage Recipes Chef Noel Cunningham Chocotini Recipe. The Benefits of Cooked Cabbage. Juice of raw beetroot contains a host of health benefits. Scientifically proven to enhance STAMINA and ENDURANCE by 15-25%!!. Next place a tall drink glass under your juice spout, turn on your machine, and then run your fresh cleaned carrots, fresh beetroot, and peeled lime wedge through the juicer. Jamaican Carrot Juice Recipe. The best thing about beetroot juice is that it gets to keep you healthy and fit at all times. Verify your Comment Previewing ...
Impaired excitation-contraction coupling occurs in eccentric contraction (ECC)-induced damaged muscles. It has been suggested that sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is susceptible to damage in the overstretched regions possibly marking the basis of excitation-contraction coupling damage. Recent studies have shown that dietary nitrate supplementation enhances SR function in fast-twitch muscles. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether dietary nitrate supplementation can alleviate a decline in muscle contractile properties and SR function following ECC. To this end, force production, Ca2+ uptake, Ca2+ release, and Ca2+-ATPase activity of the SR were examined in rat fast-twitch muscles immediately following ECC for 200 repetitions. In comparison with contralateral resting muscles, nitrate supplementation for up to 3 days resulted in an obvious decline in force production. However, there were no differences in terms of force production between 6-day nitrate-treated and contralateral muscles. Similar to the
Consuming beetroot juice may improve high-intensity intermittent-type exercise performance, says a new study with trained soccer players.
Pseudomonas fluorescens is a saprophytic bacterium commonly isolated from soil, water, and the surfaces and tissues of plants and animals. The species has important applications in biotechnology because it can enhance plant growth and protect crops against disease. A complete physical map of the 6.6 …
Red Beet - 450 mg; Red Beet Powder; Liver Complex - Red Beet, Horseradish, Dandelion and More - 450 mg; Liver Complex Powder - Red Beet, Horseradish, Dande
Peptidoglycan is a macromolecule made of long aminosugar strands cross-linked by short peptides. It forms the cell wall in bacteria surrounding the cytoplasmic membrane. The glycan strands are typically comprised of repeating N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) and N-acetylmuramic acid (MurNAc) disaccharides. Each MurNAc is linked to a peptide of three to five amino acid residues. Disaccharide subunits are first assembled on the cytoplasmic side of the bacterial membrane on a polyisoprenoid anchor (lipid I and II). Polymerization of disaccharide subunits by transglycosylases and cross-linking of glycan strands by transpeptidases occur on the other side of the membrane. Bacterial cell wall biosynthesis inhibitors form a major class of antibiotics ...
Base excision repair (BER) is the predominant DNA damage repair pathway for the processing of small base lesions, derived from oxidation and alkylation damages. BER is normally defined as DNA repair initiated by lesion-specific DNA glycosylases and completed by either of the two sub-pathways: short-patch BER where only one nucleotide is replaced and long-patch BER where 2-13 nucleotides are replaced. Each sub-pathway of BER relies on the formation of protein complexes that assemble at the site of the DNA lesion and facilitate repair in a coordinated fashion. This process of complex formation appears to provide an increase in specificity and efficiency to the BER pathway, thereby facilitating the maintenance of genome integrity by preventing the accumulation of highly toxic repair intermediates ...
Sugar beet pectin was degraded enzymatically and separated by ion exchange chromatography into series of highly purified homogalacturonides and rhamnogalacturonides. MALDI-TOF/TOF mass-spectrometry was used to determine sizes and structural features. The methodology was based on the sequential use of monocomponent enzymes that were selected to target specific substructures in the sugar beet pectin. Notably pectin lyase and rhamnogalacturonan I lyase were used, which allowed detection of the resulting cleavage products by UV spectroscopy. Seven different homogalacturonides (HG) with degrees of polymerization (DP) from 2 to 8 and six different rhamnogalacturonide (RGI) structures, ranging from DP4 to 6 with defined galactose substitutions were purified. Total recoveries of 200 mg homogalacturonides and 67 mg rhamnogalacturonides per gram sugar beet pectin were obtained. This integrated biorefining method provides an option for advanced upgrading of sugar beet pectin into HG and RGI ...
Introduction. Biology HL Lab Report Beet Lab Data Collection, Processing, Presentation Conclusion & Evaluation -Rashika Singh IB Yr 1 Aim: To determine the effects of temperature on the permeability of the beetroot cell membrane. Research Question: To investigate how different temperatures affect the beetroot pigment and finding out the absorbance and transmittance % using a visible spectrophotometer. Background Information: Beetroots contain betalains which are the red pigments present in the cell vacuole. Betalains are soluble in water and they contain nitrogen. Betalains extracted from beetroot is commonly used as food dye because it is not known to cause any allergic reactions. Cell membrane is the barrier that separates the inner environment of the cell from the outer environment. The membrane is selectively permeable. The cell membrane is made up of mainly lipids, carbohydrates and proteins. The lipids are the phospholipid bilayer which consists of a hydrophilic polar head and a ...
Beet: Beet, (Beta vulgaris), any of the four cultivated forms of the plant Beta vulgaris (family Amaranthaceae), grown for their edible leaves and roots. Each of the four distinct
Sugar - Sugar - Beet sugar: Beet sugar factories generally produce only white sugar from sugar beets. Brown sugars are made with the use of cane molasses as a mother liquor component or as a crystal coating. Sugar beets are grown in temperate areas of Europe, North America, and northern Asia. They are harvested from September through November, almost always by multirow harvester machines. The machines remove some dirt, the leaves, and sometimes the crown (depending on the contract terms). Because sugar does not deteriorate as severely in beets as it does in sugarcane shortly after harvest, a full crop of beets can be lifted (harvested)
APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superasterids • Ordo: Caryophyllales • Familia: Amaranthaceae • Subfamilia: Betoideae • Genus: Beta • Species: Beta vulgaris • Subspecies: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris ...
Apple Beetroot and Carrot Juice aka ABC juice is a juice which I started to like 3 months before. Yes just 3 months before only. I really dont have idea that beet root can be used in the juice. In my office canteen, they opened a new juice shop and in the juices list, they mentioned ABC juice. Wondering what it could be, enquired the shopper and she said it is Apple Beetroot and Carrot juice. I just ordered with a doubt how it might taste and to my surprise, I loved the juice in the first sip itself. From that time, I used to order this juice without sugar and ice. I really love it without sugar and ice. They have a big juice extractor to prepare this ABC juice. Since i do not have it at home, I used my regular mixer grinder to do this, by adding little water and filtering it. Though the outcome was not same like the canteen juice, still I loved it. (Soon will buy the juice extractor... he he he). If you have the juice extractor, never miss to try this juice ...
Apple Beetroot and Carrot Juice aka ABC juice is a juice which I started to like 3 months before. Yes just 3 months before only. I really dont have idea that beet root can be used in the juice. In my office canteen, they opened a new juice shop and in the juices list, they mentioned ABC juice. Wondering what it could be, enquired the shopper and she said it is Apple Beetroot and Carrot juice. I just ordered with a doubt how it might taste and to my surprise, I loved the juice in the first sip itself. From that time, I used to order this juice without sugar and ice. I really love it without sugar and ice. They have a big juice extractor to prepare this ABC juice. Since i do not have it at home, I used my regular mixer grinder to do this, by adding little water and filtering it. Though the outcome was not same like the canteen juice, still I loved it. (Soon will buy the juice extractor... he he he). If you have the juice extractor, never miss to try this juice ...
The red beet, more specifically the beetroot juice made from it, shows promise for increasing performance and reducing blood pressure. The juice specifically has been used in many studies to determine its health and performance benefits. (3) Beetroot juice has been studied for potential benefits in improved performance by lowering the muscles oxygen demand and increasing muscle efficiency, specifically in endurance exercise. Also, beets are naturally high in nitrates, and increased nitrates in the body have been shown to reduce blood pressure. This has many potential benefits for overall heart health.. Beets are high in fiber, as well as vitamins and minerals such as folate and potassium. The rich coloring of beets comes from betalains, pigments with powerful antioxidant potential.. There are some potential safety concerns regarding the amount of nitrates consumed, however. Nitrates may combine with other dietary nutrients to form nitrosamines that may be carcinogenic. More research is needed ...
Along with antioxidants red beets also contain naturally occurring betaine and nitrates. Two compounds that are the reason red beets and beet juice is also being studied for possible support of cardiovascular health and for energy
The betalanins in Red Beetroot may have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties by reducing oxidative and nitrosative stress on cells.1,2 Betalanins may also promote phase 2 enzymes (detoxifying enzymes in the liver) and thus protect the liver from damage.3,4 Red beetroot also contains high amounts of nitrate, which may aid in reducing blood pressure, improving endothelial function, and increasing aerobic exercise capacity.1,5-16 Red beetroot can also be used for a natural red food coloring.. ...
Beetroot has a Glycemic Index of 64 which is medium. Glycemic Index are for foods you eat, ranks carbohydrate-containing foods by how quickly they digest and raise your blood sugar or glucose levels. Foods rank from 0 to 50 are low GI, 51 to 69 are medium and 70 to 100 are high. Foods that are high in GI are not suitable for weight loss and diabetics. Foods like Beetroot have a medium GI but their Glycemic Load is only 5. Hence Beets will not raise blood sugar by a lot because the total carbs in it are low. So safe for Diabetics to use. ...
The primary symptom in patients with chronic HFpEF, even when well compensated, is severe exercise intolerance; this symptom is associated with reduced quality of life (4). Only endurance exercise training has been shown to improve exercise capacity in these patients, as standard medications tested to date have proven ineffective (5-8,10). Increased NO bioavailability has been suggested to partially account for the efficacy of exercise training (16). Our study is the first to examine the safety and efficacy of 1 week of daily doses with dietary nitrate in older patients with HFpEF. The major new findings of this study are that: 1) BRJ supplementation was feasible and safe; 2) 1 week of daily doses improved submaximal aerobic endurance; and 3) both the single, acute and 1 week of daily doses reduced resting systolic blood pressure, tended to decrease exercise systolic blood pressure, and increased circulating plasma levels of NO3- and NO2-. These results suggest that 1 week of daily BRJ ...
The primary symptom in patients with chronic HFpEF, even when well compensated, is severe exercise intolerance; this symptom is associated with reduced quality of life (4). Only endurance exercise training has been shown to improve exercise capacity in these patients, as standard medications tested to date have proven ineffective (5-8,10). Increased NO bioavailability has been suggested to partially account for the efficacy of exercise training (16). Our study is the first to examine the safety and efficacy of 1 week of daily doses with dietary nitrate in older patients with HFpEF. The major new findings of this study are that: 1) BRJ supplementation was feasible and safe; 2) 1 week of daily doses improved submaximal aerobic endurance; and 3) both the single, acute and 1 week of daily doses reduced resting systolic blood pressure, tended to decrease exercise systolic blood pressure, and increased circulating plasma levels of NO3- and NO2-. These results suggest that 1 week of daily BRJ ...
by Hilde Hemmes , Apr 29, 2017 , Anti-cancer, ASOHM NEWS, Blood pressure, Digestive system, General Health, Haemorrhage, Intestinal Health, Leukaemia, Liver & Gallbladder, Menstrual cycle, Skin disorders, Stomach & gastric tract. Beetroot (Beta vulgaris): For 2000 years the beetroot has remained as the most valuable vegetable in the medicine chest. After carrot juice, the juice from the beetroot must be the most used of all the root vegetables. It is also one of our most valuable, containing ...
Leipotylenchus abulbosus (Thorne, 1949) Sher, 1974 belongs to the family Tylenchidae, subfamily Leipotylenchinae, and order Tylenchida. During the spring and autumn months of 2008 to 2010, 80 samples were collected from rhizosphere soil of symptomatic plants including wheat (Tritichum aestivum L.), beet (Beta vulgaris L.), and maize (Zea mays L.) from Meighan and Gavar regions of Markazi Province in central Iran. Plants were dwarfed and leaves were chlorotic. Diseased plants comprised ~7% of all plants in the field. Sandy loam soil was collected from roots up to 15 cm from the base of the plants. Nematodes were extracted from the soil by sieving and centrifugation (3). For species identification, nematodes were transferred to anhydrous glycerin (2) and mounted on slides by the paraffin ring method. Identification was based on morphometric and morphological characteristics of females and males. No other forms of the nematode were isolated from collected samples. L. abulbosus was found in 10% of ...
Le présent travail a pour objectif de mettre en valeur les racines et les tiges de la betterave rouge (Beta vulgaris L.), plante connue pour ses usages culinaire, médicinal et cosmétique. La caractérisation chimique des extraits obtenus par macération aqueuse pendant 72 heures montre que les racines de la betterave rouge présentent la teneur la plus élevée en bétalaïnes avec une concentration de 80,47 mg eq betanine et 69,86 mg eq vulgaxantineI/100 ml d extrait. Le dosage des phénols totaux des fractions obtenues par l acétonitrile à partir des extraits aqueux concentrés par évaporation a montré que ces fractions sont riches en phénols totaux. Les tiges présentent les teneurs en phénols totaux les plus élevées, qui varient entre 4,00 et 15,55 mEq.g Ac gallique/g d extrait. L étude de l activité antioxydante par la méthode de co-oxydation du système acide linoléique-β-carotène montre que les extraits bruts sont doués d une activité antioxydante comparable à celle du ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Cellulose expression in Pseudomonas fluorescens SBW25 and other environmental Pseudomonads. AU - Spiers, Andrew J.. AU - Folorunso, Ayorinde O.. AU - Zawadzki, Kamil. AU - Deeni, Yusuf Y.. AU - Koza, Anna. AU - Moshynets, Olena. PY - 2013/8/29. Y1 - 2013/8/29. U2 - 10.5772/53736. DO - 10.5772/53736. M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed). SN - 9789535111917. BT - Cellulose. A2 - van de Ven, Theo. A2 - Godbout, Louis. PB - InTech. CY - Rijeka. ER - ...
6. Warm the beetroot juice, coconut oil, vanilla extract, spices and salt in a large sauce pan till steamy. Break your chocolate into small pieces. Take the beetroot juice off the heat. Cool for 2 mins. Stir in the chocolate till its fully melted and incorporated ...
Sugar beet pectins are provided, which are characterized by unique properties which render them particularly useful in the preparation of food or drug comestibles. By incorporating the sugar beet pectins into food or drug products, improved properties, including physicochemical, rheological and nutritional properties are obtained.
WATCH: HOW TO PRODUCE HAEMOGLOBIN FROM SUGAR BEETS. Previously, it has been presumed that certain plants produce this iron protein only when stressed, such as in drought or frost, because it has been seen that this is the case for certain other plants. However, we have shown that haemoglobin is produced even in a normal state, said Nélida Leiva, a doctoral student of applied biochemistry at Lund University, who has just presented the findings in a doctoral thesis.. Nélida Leivas supervisor, Professor Leif Bülow, has spent many years conducting research on the production of human haemoglobin, primarily with the help of bacteria, because haemoglobin from blood donors is far from sufficient to cover the needs of society.. The process of extracting haemoglobin from sugar beets is not much more complicated than extracting sugar, according to the researchers. The challenge lies in obtaining sufficient volumes. However, Nélida Leiva and Leif Bülow believe there is good reason to think that ...
Artemisia Botanicals was established in 1997 as an herb retailer. We have more than 400 herbs and 100 teas and also carry flower essences, essential oils, and jewelry. For the magickally inclined we have ritual tools, books, incense, and candles.
Join the beet renaissance! As the popularity of growing beets is increasing, all root vegetables are experiencing a culinary renaissance. Beets come in a variety of colors, shapes, and textures, but all are highly nutritious, including significant amounts of fiber, potassium, folic acid, and vitamin C. Betalains are powerful antioxidants that give red beets their red hue and unique flavor. Gold beets are rich in b-xanthin pigment. Beets are grown in all areas of the country, and plants take up very little garden space. Historical Information Beets were originally grown and enjoyed only for the greens. The root did not appear in recipes until 14th century England. Although there were only a few varieties known in the 17th and 18th centuries, women were using red beet juice as a cheek and lip stain. General Sowing When to Sow Outside: RECOMMENDED. 2 to 4 weeks before average last frost, when soil temperature is at least 45°F, ideally 60°-85°F, for early summer crop. 6 to 8 weeks before first fall
Beetroot juice ingestion lowered BP in healthy volunteers. There was a lag period of approximately 1 to 2 hours, after ingestion, with a peak drop in BP occurring after 3 to 4 hours. This time course of reduction in BP correlated with the appearance and peak levels of nitrite in the circulation; an effect that was absent in individuals within whom the enterosalivary circuit was disrupted by avoidance of swallowing. These observations, together with the fact that plasma nitrite, and not nitrate, concentration correlated with the decreases in BP implicates nitrite as the likely functional mediator of the beetroot juice-induced effects on BP.. Exactly how nitrite mediates this decrease in BP is uncertain, however recent evidence demonstrates that nitrite is a potent vasodilator in the human forearm,25 and it is likely that such vasodilator activity underlies the BP effects evidenced here. This activity of nitrite has been attributed to its chemical reduction to the potent vasodilator NO. Until ...
Beetroot juice ingestion lowered BP in healthy volunteers. There was a lag period of approximately 1 to 2 hours, after ingestion, with a peak drop in BP occurring after 3 to 4 hours. This time course of reduction in BP correlated with the appearance and peak levels of nitrite in the circulation; an effect that was absent in individuals within whom the enterosalivary circuit was disrupted by avoidance of swallowing. These observations, together with the fact that plasma nitrite, and not nitrate, concentration correlated with the decreases in BP implicates nitrite as the likely functional mediator of the beetroot juice-induced effects on BP.. Exactly how nitrite mediates this decrease in BP is uncertain, however recent evidence demonstrates that nitrite is a potent vasodilator in the human forearm,25 and it is likely that such vasodilator activity underlies the BP effects evidenced here. This activity of nitrite has been attributed to its chemical reduction to the potent vasodilator NO. Until ...
Linear growth of Rhizoctonia solani after 72 hr at 20 C was significantly less on all nutrient concentrations of potato-dextrose agar amended with cycloate (S-ethyl N-ethylthio-cyclohexanecarbamate) from 10 to 100 μg/ml, than in controls without cycloate. Rate of growth of mycelium of R. solani was less in Czapek-Dox broth with 1 g yeast extract/liter amended with 4 or 8 μg/ml cycloate, than in controls. In raw soil amended with 4 and 8 μg/g cycloate, and in steamed soil amended with 4 μg/g cycloate, colonization of 5-mm-long mature bean hypocotyl segments by R. solani was slightly greater than in soil without cycloate. At 16 and 32 μg/g cycloate, colonization of hypocotyl segments was significantly less than in nonamended controls in both steamed and raw soil. Colonization of sterile sugar beet seeds by R. solani also was less with 8, 16, and 32 μg/g cycloate than in controls.. ...
integrate control, vectors of plant viruses, Biogeography, Climatology, Culture , agri-, aqua-, sylvi-, etc., Ecology, Genetics, Microbiology, Pathology, Pedobiology and soil biology, Phylogeny and evolution, Systematics and taxonomy, Dry grasslands and steppes, Savannahs, Garrigue, maquis and bush, Cultivated and artificial habitats, The effect of Biodiversity on Ecosystem Functioning, Origins, Maintenance and Change of Biodiversity, Systematics, Inventorying and Classification, Monitoring of Biodiversity, Soil and Sediment Biodiversity, Pakistan, India, Mexico, Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Belgium, France, phytopathology, soil-borne viruses, Fungi, Viridaeplantae, vascular plants, monocotyledons, Polymyxa betae, Polymyxa graminis, Plasmodiophoraceae, plasmodiophorids, Arachis, Triticum aestivum, Hordeum vulgare, Sorghum, Pennisetum, Beta vulgaris. ...
A compound found in beetroot that gives the vegetable its distinctive red colour could help prevent Alzheimers, finds a study that could lead to the development of drugs for treating the disease.. The findings showed that the compound betanin in beetroot extract could eventually help slow the accumulation of misfolded proteins in the brain, a process that is associated with Alzheimers disease.. Our data suggest that betanin shows some promise as an inhibitor of certain chemical reactions in the brain that are involved in the progression of Alzheimers disease, said Li-June Ming, from the University of South Florida.. Beta-amyloid is a sticky protein fragment, or peptide, that accumulates in the brain, disrupting communication between brain cells called neurons.. Much of the damage occurs, when beta-amyloid attaches itself to metals such as iron or copper.. These metals can cause beta-amyloid peptides to misfold and bind together in clumps that can promote inflammation and oxidation - a ...
Bell pepper vs Beetroot - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison. Compare Bell pepper to Beetroot by vitamins and minerals using the only readable nutrition comparison tool.
WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Agriculture in its Dec. 12 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report forecast U.S. beet sugar production in 2017-18 at a record 5,359,000 short tons, raw value, up 409,256 tons, or 8%, from the November projection and up 5% from 5,103,000 tons in 2016-17, which was raised 2,000 tons from November.. Recovery of sucrose from sliced sugar beets for the first three months of the August/July crop year from the Sweetener Market Data report provides the first empirically-based estimate of full crop year recovery, the U.S.D.A. said. That recovery is projected at 15.4%, in line with recent historical records.. Including production from de-sugared molasses, total 2017-18 beet sugar production was projected at 5,530,000 tons, the U.S.D.A. said.. Total sugar production for 2017-18 was projected record high at 9,245,000 tons, up 409,000 tons from November with cane sugar unchanged at 3,886,000 tons. The previous beet sugar record was 5,119,000 tons in ...
WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Agriculture in its Dec. 12 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report forecast U.S. beet sugar production in 2017-18 at a record 5,359,000 short tons, raw value, up 409,256 tons, or 8%, from the November projection and up 5% from 5,103,000 tons in 2016-17, which was raised 2,000 tons from November.. Recovery of sucrose from sliced sugar beets for the first three months of the August/July crop year from the Sweetener Market Data report provides the first empirically-based estimate of full crop year recovery, the U.S.D.A. said. That recovery is projected at 15.4%, in line with recent historical records.. Including production from de-sugared molasses, total 2017-18 beet sugar production was projected at 5,530,000 tons, the U.S.D.A. said.. Total sugar production for 2017-18 was projected record high at 9,245,000 tons, up 409,000 tons from November with cane sugar unchanged at 3,886,000 tons. The previous beet sugar record was 5,119,000 tons in ...
A major question in plant biology concerns the specification and functional differentiation of cell types. This is in the context of constraints imposed by networks of cell walls that both adhere cells and contribute to the form and function of developing organs. Here, we report the identification of a glycan epitope that is specific to phloem sieve element cell walls in several systems. A monoclonal antibody, designated LM26, binds to the cell wall of phloem sieve elements in stems of Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), Miscanthus x giganteus, and notably sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) roots where phloem identification is an important factor for the study of phloem unloading of Suc. Using microarrays of synthetic oligosaccharides, the LM26 epitope has been identified as a β-1,6-galactosyl substitution of β-1,4-galactan requiring more than three backbone residues for optimized recognition. This branched galactan structure has previously been identified in garlic (Allium sativum) bulbs in which the ...
Nilsson et al. (1970). "Studies into the pigments in beetroot (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris var. rubra L.)" ... It is one of several of the cultivated varieties of Beta vulgaris grown for their edible taproots and their leaves (called beet ... For the plant species and its numerous varieties, see Beta vulgaris. For other uses, see Beet (disambiguation). ... Many beet products are made from other Beta vulgaris varieties, particularly sugar beet. ...
Beta vulgaris 130 GDD to emergence and 1400-1500 GDD to maturity ... Syringa vulgaris begin flowering at 80-110 GDD Beach plum ... Phaseolus vulgaris 1100-1300 GDD to maturity depending on cultivar and soil conditions ...
Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris at Tropicos, accessed, 2015-02-27 *^ Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris. In: Uotila, P. (2011): ... cicla L., B. vulgaris var. cycla (L.) Ulrich, B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Leaf Beet Group), B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris ( ... is Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris.[7][8] They are cultivated descendants of the sea beet, Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima. Chard ... flavescens (Lam.) DC., B. vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris (Leaf Beet Group), B. vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Swiss Chard Group)).[6] ...
Beta vulgaris L.). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 130:81-96. Lange, W. (1996). "International Beta Genetic Resources ... The sea beet, Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima ((L.) Arcangeli.), is a member of the family Amaranthaceae, previously of the ... "Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima". Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora. Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland and ... Carl Linnaeus first described Beta vulgaris in 1753; in the second edition of Species Plantarum in 1762, he divided the species ...
litoralis, Atriplex spp., Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima, Elymus repens, Geranium robertianum ssp. rubricaule, Glaucium flavum, ...
Beta vulgaris (beetroot), Beta vulgaris var. cicla, Beta vulgaris var. rubra, Beta vulgaris var. saccharifera (sugarbeet), ... specifically Beta vulgaris var. saccharifera (sugar beet), and Spinacia oleracea (spinach). In Beta vulgaria var. saccharifera ... There has been a focus on two genes in particular, Rz1 from B. vulgaris spp. vulgaris and Rz2 from B. vulgaris spp. maritima. ... The plants that suffer infections from BNYVV in the most abundance are all the subspecies of Beta Vulgaris, ...
Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) - Asparagus dauricus Beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris) - Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima ... Phaseolus vulgaris) - Phaseolus coccineus Faba Bean (Vicia faba) - Vicia johannis Grasspea (Lathyrus sativus) - Lathyrus ...
aptata attacks beets Beta vulgaris. P. s. pv. atrofaciens attacks wheat Triticum aestivum. P. s. pv. dysoxylis attacks the ... It is named after the lilac tree (Syringa vulgaris), from which it was first isolated. A phylogenomic analysis of 494 complete ...
... (Atriplex prostrata - Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima sea-bird cliff community) is one of the maritime ... Four constant species are found in this community: Spear-leaved Orache (Atriplex prostata agg.) Sea Beet (Beta vulgaris ssp. ...
Beet greens Beta vulgaris 26. Broccoli rabe Brassica ruvo 27. Kale Brassica oleracea var. sabellica 28. Moringa Moringa ... 3. Adzuki beans Vigna angularis 4. Black turtle beans Phaseolus vulgaris 5. Broad beans (fava beans) Vicia faba 6. Bambara ... Sprouted kidney beans Phaseolus vulgaris 46. Sprouted chickpeas Cicer arietinum Tubers are usually high in carbohydrates and ...
Beetroot (beta vulgaris) Cabbage (brassica oleracea var. capitata) Tomato vine (solanum lycopersicum) Chili peppers (capsicum ...
There are two subcommunities: the Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima subcommunity the Rayed Ononis repens subcommunity Rodwell, J. S ...
Plants recorded are sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima), rock sea-spurry (Spergularia rupicola), common scurvygrass ( ...
The larvae feed on Amaranthus species and Beta vulgaris. Nuss, M.; et al. (2003-2014). "GlobIZ search". Global Information ...
The main agricultural productions are maize and Beta vulgaris. It is in an area which is a reputed animal producing center and ...
The larvae feed on Beta maritima and Beta vulgaris. Young larvae bore in the midrib. Later, they mine the leaf from a web spun ...
"Phänologische Entwick-lungsstadien der Beta-Rüben (Beta vulgaris L. ssp.). Codierung und Beschreibung nach der erweiterten BBCH ...
diffusum maritime therophyte community MC6 Atriplex prostrata - Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima sea-bird cliff community Atriplici- ... Ulex europaeus heath H7 Calluna vulgaris - Scilla verna heath H8 Calluna vulgaris - Ulex gallii heath H9 Calluna vulgaris - ... H1 Calluna vulgaris - Festuca ovina heath H2 Calluna vulgaris - Ulex minor heath H3 Ulex minor - Agrostis curtisii heath H4 ... nana heath H16 Calluna vulgaris - Arctostaphylos uva-ursi heath H17 Calluna vulgaris - Arctostaphylos alpinus heath H18 ...
diffusum maritime therophyte community MC6 Atriplex prostrata - Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima sea-bird cliff community Atriplici- ...
"Studies into the pigments in beetroot (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris var. rubra L.)" ...
Many beet products are made from other Beta vulgaris varieties, particularly sugar beet. Beta is the ancient Latin name for ... 1970). "Studies into the pigments in beetroot (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris var. rubra L.)" "AGM Plants © RHS - CROPS ... Media related to Beetroot at Wikimedia Commons [27] Kumar, S., & Brooks, M. S. L. (2018). Use of red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) ... It is one of several cultivated varieties of Beta vulgaris grown for their edible taproots and leaves (called beet greens); ...
Beta vulgaris) (beetroot, chard), are used as vegetables. Forms of Beta vulgaris include fodder beet (Mangelwurzel) and sugar ... Betoideae and notes on the taxonomy of Beta. - Willdenowia 36, p.9-19. Gudrun Kadereit, Ladislav Mucina, Helmut Freitag (2006 ...
Beet is the common name of the plant species Beta vulgaris. Beet may also refer to: Beetroot, the edible roots of certain ... varieties of Beta vulgaris Field beet, mangelwurzel Sugar beet Chard, also called silver beet Sea beet 4026 Beet, the asteroid ...
They are considered a pest on Beta vulgaris and Solanum tuberosum. Herbison-Evans, Don; Crossley, Stella (2006) Agrotis ...
... it belongs to the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris. Its closest wild relative is the sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. ... In plant breeding it is known as the Altissima cultivar group of the common beet (Beta vulgaris). Together with other beet ... Heitkam, Tony; Schmidt, Thomas (2009). "BNR - a LINE family from Beta vulgaris- contains a RRM domain in open reading frame 1 ... 2010-02-01). "The Ty1-copia families SALIRE and Cotzilla populating the Beta vulgaris genome show remarkable differences in ...
The larvae feed on Arachis (including Arachis hypogaea), Beta vulgaris var. saccharifera, Calopogonium, Chrysanthemum indicum, ... Coleus, Gloriosa, Glycine max, Lantana camara, Nicotiana tabacum, Phaseolus (including Phaseolus vulgaris), Vigna unguiculata ...
The only other species recorded are sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima), common scurvygrass (Cochlearia officinalis), ...
January 2014). "The genome of the recently domesticated crop plant sugar beet (Beta vulgaris)". Nature. 505 (7484): 546-9. ... "Phaseolus vulgaris v1.0". Phytozome v9.1. Archived from the original on 2015-04-15. Retrieved 2013-07-09. "GigaDB Dataset - DOI ... Cocker JM, Wright J, Li J, Swarbreck D, Dyer S, Caccamo M, Gilmartin PM (December 2018). "Primula vulgaris (primrose) genome ... "The genome sequence of Barbarea vulgaris facilitates the study of ecological biochemistry". Scientific Reports. 7: 40728. ...
nov., isolated from roots of Beta vulgaris affected by tumour-like deformations". International Journal of Systematic and ... microsymbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium first isolated from the roots of Beta vulgaris, hence its name. It is slow-growing an ...
The severity of acne vulgaris (Gr. ἀκµή, "point" + L. vulgaris, "common")[24] can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe to ... Salicylic acid is a topically applied beta-hydroxy acid that stops bacteria from reproducing and has keratolytic properties.[ ... Acne, also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair ... "Acne Vulgaris and X-Ray Treatment". New England Journal of Medicine. 219 (24): 971. December 1938. doi:10.1056/ ...
Effects of the anti-androgen TSAA-291 (16 beta-ethyl-17 beta-hydroxy-4-oestren-3-one) on the secretion of gonadotrophins". Acta ... See also: Acne vulgaris § Hormonal agents, Seborrhoeic dermatitis § Antiandrogens, and Hirsutism § Medications ...
Beta vulgaris) (beetroot, chard), are used as vegetables. Forms of Beta vulgaris include fodder beet (Mangelwurzel) and sugar ... Acroglochin, Aphanisma, Beta, Hablitzia, Oreobliton, Patellifolia Camphorosmoideae. Bassia, Camphorosma, Chenolea, Didymanthus ... Betoideae and notes on the taxonomy of Beta. - Willdenowia 36, p.9-19. ...
1986). "The sheep erythrocyte receptor and both alpha and beta chains of the human T-lymphocyte antigen receptor bind the ... mitogenic lectin (phytohaemagglutinin) from Phaseolus vulgaris.". Scand. J. Immunol. 23 (5): 535-44. PMID 3085210. doi:10.1111/ ...
Merritt B, Burkhart CN, Morrell DS (June 2009). "Use of isotretinoin for acne vulgaris". Pediatric Annals. 38 (6): 311-20. doi: ... "Guidelines of care for acne vulgaris management". Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 56 (4): 651-63. doi:10.1016/j ... "The use of isotretinoin in the treatment of acne vulgaris: clinical considerations and future directions". The Journal of ...
Pancreatic beta cell proteins (possibly insulin, glutamate decarboxylase). Insulitis, beta cell destruction. ...
... "infused oil of Melolontha vulgaris" (presumably cockchafer); fly agaric (Amanita muscaria); tobacco; "heated oil of ...
Phaseolus vulgaris fazol obecný tetraantenární komplexní N-glykany PHA-L Phaseolus vulgaris fazol obecný vmezeřený (bisecting) ... A new type of beta-propeller architecture formed by oligomerization and interacting with fucoside, fucosyllactose, and plant ... a sialic acid-specific lectin with strict preference to gangliosides and glycoproteins with terminal Neu5Ac alpha 2-6Gal beta 1 ...
The idea of molecular mimicry arose in the context of Rheumatic Fever, which follows infection with Group A beta-haemolytic ... HLA DR4 is correlated with the genesis of rheumatoid arthritis, Type 1 diabetes mellitus, and pemphigus vulgaris. ... "Intake of antioxidant vitamins and trace elements during pregnancy and risk of advanced beta cell autoimmunity in the child". ...
Beta. *Human herpesvirus 6/Roseolovirus *Exanthema subitum. *Roseola vaccinia. *Cytomegalic inclusion disease ... pemphigus vulgaris. *bullous pemphigoid. *dermatitis herpetiformis. *porphyria cutanea tarda. *epidermolysis bullosa simplex ...
"A mechanism of benzoic acid biosynthesis in plants and bacteria that mirrors fatty acid beta-oxidation". Chembiochem. 2 (10): ... Dermatological: flushing, sweating, acne vulgaris. *Gastrointestinal: nausea. *Genitourinary: decreased urination due to ...
citroides; C. vulgaris var. citroides)[27] DNA data reveal that C. lanatus var. citroides Bailey is the same as Thunberg's ... "Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.", The International Plant Names Index, retrieved 26 September 2019. ... Vulgaris group. This is Linnaeus's sweet watermelon; it has been grown for human consumption for thousands of years.[8] ... Nakai and Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. by L.H. Bailey in 1930.[2] Molecular data including sequences from the original collection ...
... 's fruits have a high content of sugars (40%), and antioxidant vitamins such as vitamin C, beta-carotene, niacin, ... Arbutus vulgaris Bubani *Arbutus cassinifolia Steud. *Arbutus crispa Hoffmanns. *Arbutus croomii auct. ...
Hosts of Cercospora beticola include sugar beets (Beta vulgaris), swiss chard (Beta vulgaris L. subsp. cicla) and other leafy ... Of these hosts, Cercospora leaf spot is the most economically impactful in sugar beets (Beta vulgaris). Cercospora beticola is ... Cercospora beticola is a fungal plant pathogen which typically infects plants of the genus Beta, within the family of ...
"Studies into the pigments in beetroot (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris var. rubra L.)" ...
... beta 1*02) or the HLA-DQ (alpha 1*03, beta 1*0302) heterodimers". Tissue Antigens. 49 (1): 29-34. doi:10.1111/j.1399-0039.1997. ... Pemphigus vulgaris. *Bullous pemphigoid. *Dermatitis herpetiformis. *Porphyria cutanea tarda. *Epidermolysis bullosa simplex ...
Beta vulgaris. Kosu. Taro. Colocasia esculenta. Koldil,. Kolphul. Banana flower. Kaskol,. Purakol. Curry banana. Musa splendida ...
Pluripotent stem cells can be used to generate beta cells but previously these cells did not function as well as normal beta ... Vaccines to treat or prevent Type 1 diabetes are designed to induce immune tolerance to insulin or pancreatic beta cells.[97] ... Still, a process that appears to be common to most risk factors is an autoimmune response towards beta cells, involving an ... Children with antibodies to beta cell proteins (i.e. at early stages of an immune reaction to them) but no overt diabetes, and ...
Näiteks on kapsal (Brassica oleracea), harilikul kartulil (Solanum tuberosum) ja söödapeedil (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var ...
Beta vulgaris L. subsp. vulgaris, Chenopodiaceae. *Brassica napus L. var napobrassica (L) Rchb., Brassicaceae ...
The system made a successful cleavage of mutant Beta-Hemoglobin (HBB) in 28 out of 54 embryos. 4 out of the 28 embryos were ... "Structure of a CRISPR-associated protein Cas2 from Desulfovibrio vulgaris". Acta Crystallographica Section F. 66 (Pt 12): 1552 ...
Proteus mirabilis/Proteus vulgaris. *Yersinia pestis *Plague/Bubonic plague. *Yersinia enterocolitica *Yersiniosis ...
2006). The Prokaryotes, Volume 5 - Proteobacteria: Alpha and Beta Subclasses (3rd ed.). Springer. pp. 15-18. doi:10.1007/0-387- ... Proteus mirabilis/Proteus vulgaris. *Yersinia pestis *Plague/Bubonic plague. *Yersinia enterocolitica *Yersiniosis ... 2006). The Prokaryotes, Volume 5 - Proteobacteria: Alpha and Beta Subclasses (3rd ed.). Springer. p. 11. doi:10.1007/0-387- ... related to the beta-Proteobacteria: proposal of " Candidatus Procabacter acanthamoebae" gen. nov., sp. nov". International ...
Tokuşoglu, O.; Uunal, M. K. (2003). "Biomass Nutrient Profiles of Three Microalgae: Spirulina platensis, Chlorella vulgaris, ... such as beta-carotene and chlorophyll.[155] ...
Two important sugar crops predominate: sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) and sugar beets (Beta vulgaris), in which sugar can account ...
... beta‐carotenoid, melatonin, and procyanidin.[13] Oral medication procyanidin plus vitamins A, C, and E shows promise as safe ... pemphigus vulgaris. *bullous pemphigoid. *dermatitis herpetiformis. *porphyria cutanea tarda. *epidermolysis bullosa simplex ...
A study with peach trees (Prunus persica L. Batsch) grown in the field and sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) grown in hydroponics" ...
vulgaris Meisn.. *Persea leiogyna Blake. *Persea nubigena L.O.Williams. *Persea nubigena var. guatemalensis L.O.Williams ...
... brain-derived neurotrophic factor and interferon beta (IFN-β) have not demonstrated benefit to support their widespread use.[41 ...
The ancestor of Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris is subsp. maritima, growing wild on the seashores of southern Britain, through ... Beta vulgaris L.. Chenopodiaceae. Garden beets, Chard, Sugar beets, Mangel, Spinach beet. Source: James A. Duke. 1983. Handbook ... Many other fungi attack Beta vulgaris: Actinomyces scabies, Alternaria tenuis, A. brassicicola, Aphanomyces cochlioides, ... vulgaris. Chard and spinach beet are grown for the leaves which are used as a potherb. Garden beets are grown for the roots ...
Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris (Syn.: Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla (L.) Arcang., Beta vulgaris subsp. rapacea (Koch) Döll).: all ... vulgaris. The wild ancestor of the cultivated beets is the sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). Beta vulgaris is a ... description of Beta vulgaris and Beta maritima Uotila, P. (2011). Beta vulgaris In: "Chenopodiaceae (pro parte majore)." - Euro ... Beta vulgaris belongs to the subfamily Betoideae in family Amaranthaceae (s.l, including the Chenopodiaceae). Beta vulgaris is ...
The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Beta vulgaris . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ... click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Beta thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ...
Genus: Beta Species: Beta vulgaris Subspecies: Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima Name[edit]. Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima (L.) ... Beta vulgaris var. perennis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 222. (1753). *Beta vulgaris subsp. provulgaris [Ford-Lloyd & J.T. Williams in Bot. J ... Beta vulgaris var. atriplicifolia (Rouy) Krassochkin. *Beta perennis (L.) Freyn, in Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 27: 414. (1877) ... Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima. In: Chenopodiaceae (pro parte majore). Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro- ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Beta vulgaris altissima is a BIENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost ... Beta vulgaris altissima is a BIENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost ... A cultivated form of B. vulgaris maritima that is grown for the sugar content of its root. ... Beta vulgaris flavescens. Swiss Chard. 4. 2. Beta vulgaris maritima. Sea Beet. 2. 2. ...
A newly characterized HLA DQ beta allele associated with pemphigus vulgaris. By AA Sinha, C Brautbar, F Szafer, A Friedmann, E ... A newly characterized HLA DQ beta allele associated with pemphigus vulgaris. By AA Sinha, C Brautbar, F Szafer, A Friedmann, E ... A newly characterized HLA DQ beta allele associated with pemphigus vulgaris Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a page ... sequence of a class II variant found almost exclusively in patients with the autoimmune skin disease pemphigus vulgaris. In ...
Hairy root cultures of Beta vulgaris L. produce betalains similar to roots in planta. These root cultures have shown stability ... Hamill, J. D.; Parr, A. J.; Robins, R. J.; Rhodes, M. J. C. Secondary product formation by cultures of Beta vulgaris and ... Mukandan, U.; Carvalho, E., Curtis, W. R. Growth and pigment production by hairy root cultures of Beta vulgaris L. in a bubble ... Mukundan U., Bhide V., Dawda H. (1999) Production of Betalains by Hairy Root Cultures of Beta Vulgaris L. In: Fu TJ., Singh G ...
Table beet (Beta vulgaris var. rubra) contains important bioactive agents (betaine and polyphenols), which have a wide range of ... Liver-protecting effects of table beet (Beta vulgaris var. rubra) during ischemia-reperfusion.. Váli L1, Stefanovits-Bányai E, ...
Beta alba DC.. Beta altissima Steud.. Beta bengalensis Roxb.. Beta brasiliensis Voss. Beta carnulosa Gren.. Beta crispa Tratt. ... Beta decumbens Moench. Beta esculenta Salisb.. Beta foliosa Ehrenb. ex Steud.. Beta hortensis Mill.. ... Beta vulgaris L. kingdom Plantae - plants » divisio Magnoliophyta - flowering plants » class Rosopsida - eudicots » order ... Kaplan Z. (2012): Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic, Preslia 84: 647-811 [as Beta vulgaris L.]. Data retrieved ...
Green Chard, also known as Sea Kale Beet, or Green Sea Kale Beet is an heirloom variety which was most common in the 18th century kitchen garden.
Characterization and localization of new antifungal cysteine-rich proteins from Beta vulgaris.. Kragh KM1, Nielsen JE, Nielsen ...
Kleine Bol, also known as Little Ball will give you best results if picked early while it is still small and young. Beets, though grown as an annual, a
Beta maritima L.. Beta perennis (L.) Halácsy. Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.. Beta vulgaris subsp. perennis (L.) ... genus Beta - beet » species Beta vulgaris - Common Beet ... Beta vulgaris var. maritima (L.) Arcang kingdom Plantae - ... Text function: Sea Beet ([[t:127928;,em,Beta vulgaris ,/em,var.,em, maritima,/em,]]); [[t:127928;Sea Beet]]. Reference: Sea ... as Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima (L.) Arcang.]. Data retrieved on: 11 May 2012 ...
Sugar beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris L.) belongs to the plant family Amaranthaceae and is a biennial plant responding to ... Flowering Time Pathway (Beta vulgaris). From WikiPathways. Revision as of 22:03, 23 October 2015 by MaintBot (Talk , contribs) ... Beta vulgaris).; Genetics, 2007 PubMed Europe PMC Scholia*Pin PA, Benlloch R, Bonnet D, Wremerth-Weich E, Kraft T, Gielen JJ ... Conservation and divergence of autonomous pathway genes in the flowering regulatory network of Beta vulgaris.; J Exp Bot, ...
... ... Beta vulgaris L. var. conditiva Alef.) and the antioxidant and antiradical activities in the lyophilized water and alcohol ...
1. Beta vulgaris rubra (n.). beet having a massively swollen red root; widely grown for human consumption ... 6. beta-interferon (n.). a form of interferon that is produced by fibroblasts and have antiviral effects; used in the treatment ... 4. beta-blocking agent (n.). any of various drugs used in treating hypertension or arrhythmia; decreases force and rate of ... 5. beta-lipoprotein (n.). a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of moderate amount of protein and a ...
Paula Begoun is the best-selling author of 20 books about skincare and makeup. She is known worldwide as The Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paulas Choice Skincare. Paulas expertise has led to hundreds of appearances on national and international radio, print, and television including:. ...
Mangold Beta vulgaris or Swiss chard, silverbeet, spinach beet, bright lights. Hand drawn botanical vector illustration. ... Mangold beta vulgaris or swiss chard Vector Image. Mangold Beta vulgaris or Swiss chard, silverbeet, spinach beet, bright ... cdn.vectorstock.com/i/1000x1000/59/64/mangold-beta-vulgaris-or-swiss-chard-vector-13965964.jpg ... www.vectorstock.com/royalty-free-vector/mangold-beta-vulgaris-or-swiss-chard-vector-13965964 ...
Beta vulgaris (Sugar beet)Imported. ,p>Manually validated information which has been imported from another database.,/p> ,p>,a ... sp,I3PFJ3,DOD1U_BETVU 4,5-DOPA dioxygenase extradiol 1 OS=Beta vulgaris OX=161934 GN=DODA1 PE=2 SV=1 ...
... based on TiO2 and assembled using a dye from Beta vulgaris extract (BVE) with Tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), are reported. The ... 19 for un-modified Beta vulgaris and 27 for modified Beta vulgaris dyes; the error are also reported in the Table 1. ... Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs), based on TiO2 and assembled using a dye from Beta vulgaris extract (BVE) with ... The nanoporous structure is useful because it has a high effective surface area to which the molecules of Beta vulgaris ...
4. Beta vulgaris (Leaf Beet Group) is a leaf vegetable (e.g. chard or spinach beet) which is grown for harvest of its edible ... 1. Beta vulgaris (Garden Beet or Beetroot Group) is the red root vegetable sold in grocery stores around the world as garden ... 3. Beta vulgaris (Fodderbeet Group or Mangelwurzel) is grown for its tubers which are harvested for use as livestock fodder. It ... Beta vulgaris, commonly known as beet, is an herbaceous biennial (infrequently perennial) which is typically grown today as an ...
Beta vulgaris L. ssp. vulgaris) into Danish populations of sea beet (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. maritima (L.) Arcangeli). Authors. * ...
Beta vulgaris var. cicla) stems and leaves. As silver beet contains high oxalate concentrations and consumption of high levels ... Effect of Kimchi Fermentation on Oxalate Levels in Silver Beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla). Yukiko Wadamori †,* , Leo Vanhanen. ... Wadamori, Y.; Vanhanen, L.; Savage, G.P. Effect of Kimchi Fermentation on Oxalate Levels in Silver Beet (Beta vulgaris var. ... "Effect of Kimchi Fermentation on Oxalate Levels in Silver Beet (Beta vulgaris var. cicla)." Foods 3, no. 2: 269-278. ...
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Find help and information on Beta vulgaris Pronto Speedy Beetroot, including varieties and pruning advice. Click here to find ... Beta vulgaris Pronto Speedy (Beetroot Pronto Speedy) will reach a height of 1m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years. ... Beta vulgaris Pronto Speedy (Beetroot Pronto Speedy) will reach a height of 1m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years. ... Beta vulgaris Pronto Speedy (Beetroot Pronto Speedy). Common pest name. Acorn disease; Citrus little leaf; Citrus stubborn ...
X-ray structure of the mutant E354A complexed with beta-cyclodextrin, and kinetic analyses on cyclodextrins. ... Studies on the hydrolyzing mechanism for cyclodextrins of Thermoactinomyces vulgaris R-47 alpha-amylase 2 (TVAII). ... Alpha Beta Alpha-Beta Barrel TIM Barrel Glycosidases A4. 1g1yA04. Mainly Beta Sandwich Immunoglobulin-like Golgi alpha- ... Alpha Beta Alpha-Beta Barrel TIM Barrel Glycosidases B4. 1g1yB04. Mainly Beta Sandwich Immunoglobulin-like Golgi alpha- ...
Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). Thomas Kraft, Torbjörn Säll, Ingrid Magnusson-Rading, Nils-Otto Nilsson and Christer Halldén ... Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). Thomas Kraft, Torbjörn Säll, Ingrid Magnusson-Rading, Nils-Otto Nilsson and Christer Halldén ... Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). Thomas Kraft, Torbjörn Säll, Ingrid Magnusson-Rading, Nils-Otto Nilsson and Christer Halldén ... Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima). The rate of recombination per physical unit was estimated indirectly through marker density in ...
Beta vulgaris,/i, L. of ,i,Coe1,/i,, a DNA transposase gene within putative long terminal repeats (LTRs), and other ... Beta vulgaris L.) genome was first obtained by Schmidt et al. [5], who described (1) repetitive DNA sequences in Beta vulgaris ... Beta vulgaris (ABM55246), Citrus sinensis (CAJ09951), Glycine max (AAO73527), Ipomoea batatas (AAV88069), Medicago truncatula ( ... The finding of a Coe1-like element in Arabidopsis supports the concept that Coe1 in Beta vulgaris is not a unique instance of a ...
HomeGardeningBeetroot - Beta vulgaris - By Dave and Andy Hamilton. Beetroot - Beta vulgaris - By Dave and Andy Hamilton July 6 ...
  • All cultivars fall into the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • The wild ancestor of the cultivated beets is the sea beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta vulgaris is classified into three subspecies: Beta vulgaris subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta vulgaris subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta maritima subsp. (wikimedia.org)
  • Botanical Society of British Isles [ http://www.bsbi.org.uk/ ], Botany Department, The Natural History Museum [as Beta vulgaris subsp. (biolib.cz)
  • The ancestor plant for this species is the wild sea beet ( Beta vulgaris subsp. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • Positive Correlation Between Recombination Rates and Levels of Genetic Variation in Natural Populations of Sea Beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. (genetics.org)
  • The relation between the level of genetic variation and the rate of recombination per physical unit was investigated in sea beet ( Beta vulgaris subsp. (genetics.org)
  • Flavonoids-rich Extract of Beta vulgaris Subsp. (scialert.net)
  • The current study was conducted to evaluate the possible protective effect of Beta vulgaris L. subsp. (scialert.net)
  • Beta vulgaris - Rübe Zuckerrübe (Beta vulgaris subsp. (enacademic.com)
  • Beetroot is the offspring of wild sea beet ( Beta vulgaris subsp maritima) , a plant with origins throughout the coasts of Europe, Africa, and India. (blogspot.com)
  • A second wild subspecies, Beta vulgaris subsp. (wordpress.com)
  • These varieties have been classified as B. vulgaris subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the second edition of "Species Plantarum" (1762), Linnaeus separated the sea beet as its own species, Beta maritima, and left only the cultivated beets in Beta vulgaris. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta maritima L. (usda.gov)
  • Beta maritima var. (wikimedia.org)
  • Accepted as Beta maritima by Hassler 2018. (wikimedia.org)
  • A cultivated form of B. vulgaris maritima that is grown for the sugar content of its root. (pfaf.org)
  • maritima grown in their natural habitat soil from coastal drift lines (CS) and modern sugar beets ( Beta vulgaris ssp. (frontiersin.org)
  • in the second edition of Species Plantarum in 1762, he divided the species into wild and cultivated varieties, giving the name Beta maritima to the wild taxon. (wikipedia.org)
  • The wild taxon was named Beta maritima, and the cultivated material remained to be split up into varieties carrying Latin names. (wikipedia.org)
  • CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Beta Maritima: The Origin of Beets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antioxidant and Antiradical Activity of Beetroot (Beta vulgaris L. var. (hindawi.com)
  • Fertilizers in different nitrogen forms (calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN), urea, ammonium sulfate (AS), and ammonium nitrate (AN)) and their doses (50, 100, and 150) for beetroot (BT) ( Beta vulgaris L. var. (hindawi.com)
  • The efficiencies of solar energy conversion by betalains are 0.67% from beetroot ( Beta vulgaris ), compared to anthocyanins as dye sensitizers, slightly higher efficiencies (η) [ 6 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • 1. Beta vulgaris (Garden Beet or Beetroot Group) is the red root vegetable sold in grocery stores around the world as garden beets. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • Beta vulgaris 'Pronto Speedy' (Beetroot 'Pronto Speedy') will reach a height of 1m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years. (shootgardening.co.uk)
  • Our earlier studies showed that red beetroot ( Beta vulgaris L.) extract (B), approved by Food and Drug Administration and European Union as red food color E162, reduced multi-organ tumor formations in various animal models when administered in drinking water. (degruyter.com)
  • The red beetroot ( Beta vulgaris ) root extract was fermented using different strains of lactic acid bacteria ( Lactobacillus plantarum P108 and Lactobacillus acidophilus P110). (scialert.net)
  • 2014. Evaluation of beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.) leaves during its developmental stages: a chemical composition study. (ac.ir)
  • 2014. Beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.) extract ameliorates gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity associated oxidative stress, inflammation, and apoptosis in rodent model. (ac.ir)
  • cicla La remolacha (Beta vulgaris) es una planta de la familia de las chenopodiaceae, de la cual las hojas y la raíz son comestibles. (enacademic.com)
  • Cicla) extract caused beta cell regeneration in diabetic rats. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Beta vulgaris belongs to the subfamily Betoideae in family Amaranthaceae (s.l, including the Chenopodiaceae). (wikipedia.org)
  • Beets (Beta vulgaris) are hardy biennials in the Chenopodiaceae family, which also includes spinach, chard, orach and quinoa. (gottinyseeds.com)
  • The beet leaves (Beta vulgaris ) is a plant in the Chenopodiaceae family. (wordpress.com)
  • Low level of gene flow from cultivated beets (Beta vulgaris L. ssp. (wiley.com)
  • In contrast to many other crops, the ancestor of domesticated sugar beets ( Beta vulgaris ssp. (frontiersin.org)
  • Beta is the ancient Latin name for beets, [3] possibly of Celtic origin , becoming bete in Old English around 1400. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta vulgaris (beet) is a species of flowering plant in the subfamily Betoideae of the family Amaranthaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • vulgaris L.) belongs to the plant family Amaranthaceae and is a biennial plant responding to long days after a cold period. (wikipathways.org)
  • The annual or biennial plant belongs to the genus Beta , within the order Caryophyllales and the family Amaranthaceae . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Beet , ( Beta vulgaris ), any of the four cultivated forms of the plant Beta vulgaris (family Amaranthaceae ), grown for their edible leaves and roots . (britannica.com)
  • The species description of Beta vulgaris was made in 1753 by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum, at the same time creating the genus Beta. (wikipedia.org)
  • A biennial plant of the genus {Beta}, which produces an edible root the first year and seed the second year. (enacademic.com)
  • In members of the section Beta within the genus Beta , immunostaining using the CenH3 antibody was successful, indicating that orthologous CenH3 proteins are present in closely related species within this section. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The genus Beta comprises the three sections Beta , Corollinae and Nanae . (biomedcentral.com)
  • The closely related wild beet genus Patellifolia (formerly known as section Procumbentes within the genus Beta ) comprises the species Patellifolia webbiana , Patellifolia procumbens and Patellifolia patellaris [ 5 , 6 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Both satellites are organized in large arrays and serve as cytogenetic markers for the heterochromatic regions of chromosomes of the genus Beta [ 9 - 11 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 4. Beta vulgaris (Leaf Beet Group) is a leaf vegetable (e.g. chard or spinach beet) which is grown for harvest of its edible leaves and midribs. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • The Leaf Beet Group of Beta vulgaris consists of cultivars such as Swiss Chard and Beet Spinach that are grown for their edible leafy greens. (ncsu.edu)
  • 2007. Effects of chard (Beta vulgaris L. var. (ac.ir)
  • Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs), based on TiO 2 and assembled using a dye from Beta vulgaris extract (BVE) with Tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), are reported. (mdpi.com)
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of beet root (Beta vulgaris) leaf extract on scopolamine-induced spatial memory impairments in male Wistar rats. (ac.ir)
  • Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10): Control (C), scopolamine 1 mg/kg/day (S), scopolamine+50 mg/kg B. vulgaris leaf extract (S+B 50), scopolamine+100 mg/kg B. vulgaris leaf extract (S+B 100) and scopolamine+200 mg/kg B. vulgaris leaf extract (S+B 200). (ac.ir)
  • Conclusion: Our results suggested that B. vulgaris leaf extract could ameliorate the memory impairments and exhibited protective effects against scopolamine-induced oxidation. (ac.ir)
  • Further investigation is needed to isolate specific antioxidant compounds from B. vulgaris leaf extract with protective effect against brain and memory impairments. (ac.ir)
  • Evaluation of antioxidant activity of Beta vulgaris root extract in rats. (ac.ir)
  • 2012. Protective role of Beta vulgaris L. leaves extract and fractions on ethanol-mediated hepatic toxicity. (ac.ir)
  • 2011. Anti-inflammatory activity of aqueous extract of Beta vulgaris L. J Basic Clin Pharm, 2: 83-89. (ac.ir)
  • Highest Strength Beet Root (Beta Vulgaris) liquid extract! (hawaiipharm.com)
  • Vulgaris Beet, Good Health, Red Pigment manufacturer / supplier in China, offering Natural Beta Vulgaris Beet Root Red Pigment, Herbal Extract Chaga Extract Chaga Mushroom Extract Chaga Extract Powder, High Quality 95% OPC Grape Seed Extract Healthcare Nutritional Supplement and so on. (made-in-china.com)
  • A composite extract of plantain (Musa paradisiaca) and Coccinia indica alleviates protein metabolism disorders and improves beta cell function in a type 1 diabetic model. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Beta vulgaris altissima - Rossio. (pfaf.org)
  • Beta vulgaris altissima is a BIENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.2 m (0ft 8in). (pfaf.org)
  • Oligonucleotide-primed gene amplification in vitro was used to determine the nucleotide sequence of a class II variant found almost exclusively in patients with the autoimmune skin disease pemphigus vulgaris. (sciencemag.org)
  • What is pemphigus vulgaris? (medscape.com)
  • Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune, intraepithelial, blistering disease affecting the skin and mucous membranes. (medscape.com)
  • The primary lesion of pemphigus vulgaris is a flaccid blister filled with clear fluid that arises on healthy skin or on an erythematous base (see the image below). (medscape.com)
  • Conjunctival involvement in pemphigus vulgaris: a clinical, histopathological and immunofluorescence study. (medscape.com)
  • Esophageal involvement in pemphigus vulgaris: a clinical, histologic, and immunopathologic study. (medscape.com)
  • Nail involvement in pemphigus vulgaris. (medscape.com)
  • Coexistence of IgA antibodies to desmogleins 1 and 3 in pemphigus vulgaris, pemphigus foliaceus and paraneoplastic pemphigus. (medscape.com)
  • Correlation of subclasses of IgG with disease activity in pemphigus vulgaris. (medscape.com)
  • What is the mortality rate of pemphigus vulgaris? (medscape.com)
  • [ 1 ] Mortality in patients with pemphigus vulgaris is 3 times higher than the general population. (medscape.com)
  • Prognosis is worse in patients with extensive pemphigus vulgaris and in older patients. (medscape.com)
  • Pemphigus vulgaris involves mucosa in 50-70% of patients. (medscape.com)
  • Additionally, Patients with pemphigus vulgaris typically heal without scarring unless the disease is complicated by severe secondary infection. (medscape.com)
  • In contrast, Nanae is endemic to Greece and contains only one species ( Beta nana ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • For the plant species and its numerous varieties, see Beta vulgaris . (wikipedia.org)
  • Triterpene saponin content in the roots of red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) cultivars. (ac.ir)
  • However, there have not been any reports concerning the benets, we decided to investigate the triterpenoid composition content of saponins in this plant, although oleanolic acid and of three cultivars of B. vulgaris var. (scribd.com)
  • A field experiment was carried out for one season (2004 - 2005) in the Experimental Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture at Shambat to study the effect of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer on the growth and yield of three sugar beet (Beta vulgaris.L) cultivars under irrigation. (uofk.edu)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Beta vulgaris . (usda.gov)
  • Beta vulgaris , commonly known as beet, is an herbaceous biennial (infrequently perennial) which is typically grown today as an annual. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • Beet Root (Beta Vulgaris) is an herbaceous biennial plant. (hawaiipharm.com)
  • Beta vulgaris is a herbaceous biennial or, rarely, perennial plant with leafy stems growing to 1-2 m tall. (wordpress.com)
  • The cultivated sugar beet is, therefore, a variety of the common garden beet, known as Beta vulgaris var. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Kishchenko E.M., Komarnitskii I.K., Kuchuk N.V. Production of transgenic sugarbeet plants ( Beta vulgaris L.) using Agrobacterium rhizogenes , Tsitol Genet. (cytgen.com)
  • Evidence that retrotransposons account for much of the sugar beet ( Beta vulgaris L.) genome was first obtained by Schmidt et al. (hindawi.com)
  • The genome of the wild form B. vulgaris L. ssp. (frontiersin.org)
  • Evolutionary reshuffling in the Errantivirus lineage Elbe within the Beta vulgaris genome", The Plant Journal , vol. 72, 2012, pp. 636-651. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • Sugar beet ( Beta vulgaris ) provides a model for investigating the relative effects of genetic hybridity and genome dosage on heterosis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Intraspecific genomic variation was analysed based on the genome sequences of sea beet (Beta vulgaris ssp. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • The genome of the recently domesticated crop plant sugar beet (Beta vulgaris)", Nature , vol. 505, 2014, pp. 546-549. (uni-bielefeld.de)
  • 2. Beta vulgaris (Sugar Beet Group) is the plant which is commercially grown for sugar production (roots contain high concentrations of sucrose). (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • 3. Beta vulgaris (Fodderbeet Group or Mangelwurzel) is grown for its tubers which are harvested for use as livestock fodder. (missouribotanicalgarden.org)
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the low seed germination of 12 varieties of Oregon grown monogerm sugar beet, Beta vulgaris L., using several methods to determine the germination potential. (oregonstate.edu)
  • It is one of several of the cultivated varieties of Beta vulgaris grown for their edible taproots and their leaves (called beet greens ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Many beet products are made from other Beta vulgaris varieties, particularly sugar beet . (wikipedia.org)
  • Induce Systemic Resistance against Root Rot and Wilt Diseases in Fodder Beet (Beta vulgaris L. var. (omicsonline.org)
  • Hairy root cultures of Beta vulgaris L. produce betalains similar to roots in planta . (springer.com)
  • The presented work integrates molecular data on gene expression with anatomical and biochemical data to analyze the development and the sucrose accumulation process in sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) roots. (uni-koeln.de)
  • The study compared mineral, chemical and antioxidant qualities of Cleome gynandra , a wild leafy vegetable, with two widely consumed commercial vegetables, Brassica oleracea and Beta vulgaris . (frontiersin.org)
  • The effectiveness of triterpene saponosides usage as diagnostic markers, which determine potentially high productivity and adaptiveness of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) plants, is proved. (taylorfrancis.com)
  • Beta vulgaris - paprastasis runkelis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Balandinių šeimos cukrinis, dekoratyvinis, daržovinis, maistinis, pašarinis, vaistinis kultūrinis augalas (Beta vulgaris). (enacademic.com)
  • We describe discovery in Beta vulgaris L. of Coe1 , a DNA transposase gene within putative long terminal repeats (LTRs), and other retrotransposon-like features including both a retroviral-like hypothetical gene and an Rvt2-domain reverse transcriptase pseudogene. (hindawi.com)
  • The central DNA transposase gene encodes, in eight exons, a predicted 160-KDa protein producing BLAST alignments with En/Spm -type transposons. (hindawi.com)
  • In this communication, we report the discovery in Beta vulgaris of Coe1 , a Class II DNA transposase gene within putative LTRs and other features that are characteristic of Class I LTR-retrotransposons. (hindawi.com)
  • Tagging of resistance gene(s) to rhizomania disease in sugar beet ( Beta vulgaris L. (ajol.info)
  • Unusual and Typical Features of a Novel Restorer-of-Fertility Gene of Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Carvalho, E., Curtis, W. R. Growth and pigment production by hairy root cultures of Beta vulgaris L. in a bubble column reactor. (springer.com)
  • Germination potential in monogerm seed of Beta vulgaris L. (oregonstate.edu)
  • H3K9me2 was mainly associated with the satellite family pEV, the Ty1- copia retrotransposon family Cotzilla and the DNA transposon superfamily of the En/Spm type. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Effect of Kimchi Fermentation on Oxalate Levels in Silver Beet (Beta vulgaris var. (mdpi.com)
  • With the purpose of increasing the amount of sugars that benefit the yield of ethanol in fermentation, it was performed hydrolysis of Beta vulgaris L. with H 2 SO 4 . (scielo.org.mx)
  • The present study concluded that fermented B. vulgaris root might be used as a functional food and in pharmaceutical industries. (scialert.net)
  • Certified Organic Beet Root (Beta Vulgaris) dried root. (hawaiipharm.com)
  • Purification and Characterization of a Latent Polyphenol Oxidase from Beet Root ( Beta vulgaris L. (infona.pl)
  • Powdered base of the stem (root) of the Beta vulgaris plant. (paulaschoice.com)
  • A sterol isolated from Nymphaea stellata flowers have a significant regenerative effect on pancreatic beta-cells. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Calcium-transporting ATPases were compared in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)- and plasma membrane-enriched fractions of red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) storage tissue by measuring 45Ca uptake and calcium-dependent phosphoenzyme formation. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Sugar beet ( Beta vulgaris ) is an important crop of temperate climate zones, which provides nearly 30 % of the world's annual sugar needs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • vulgaris) is an important crop of temperate climates which provides nearly 30% of the world's annual sugar production and is a source for bioethanol and animal feed. (uni-bielefeld.de)