Glucans: Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.beta-Glucans: Glucose polymers consisting of a backbone of beta(1->3)-linked beta-D-glucopyranosyl units with beta(1->6) linked side chains of various lengths. They are a major component of the CELL WALL of organisms and of soluble DIETARY FIBER.DextranaseGlucosyltransferases: Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.Interleukin-1beta: An interleukin-1 subtype that is synthesized as an inactive membrane-bound pro-protein. Proteolytic processing of the precursor form by CASPASE 1 results in release of the active form of interleukin-1beta from the membrane.Streptococcus mutans: A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.Glucan Endo-1,3-beta-D-Glucosidase: An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in 1,3-beta-D-glucans including laminarin, paramylon, and pachyman.Dental Pellicle: A thin protein film on the surface of DENTAL ENAMEL. It is widely believed to result from the selective adsorption of precursor proteins present in SALIVA onto tooth surfaces, and to reduce microbial adherence to the TEETH.beta 2-Microglobulin: An 11-kDa protein associated with the outer membrane of many cells including lymphocytes. It is the small subunit of the MHC class I molecule. Association with beta 2-microglobulin is generally required for the transport of class I heavy chains from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface. Beta 2-microglobulin is present in small amounts in serum, csf, and urine of normal people, and to a much greater degree in the urine and plasma of patients with tubular proteinemia, renal failure, or kidney transplants.PolysaccharidesReceptors, Adrenergic, beta: One of two major pharmacologically defined classes of adrenergic receptors. The beta adrenergic receptors play an important role in regulating CARDIAC MUSCLE contraction, SMOOTH MUSCLE relaxation, and GLYCOGENOLYSIS.Integrin beta3: An integrin beta subunit of approximately 85-kDa in size which has been found in INTEGRIN ALPHAIIB-containing and INTEGRIN ALPHAV-containing heterodimers. Integrin beta3 occurs as three alternatively spliced isoforms, designated beta3A-C.Amylopectin: A highly branched glucan in starch.Glycogen Debranching Enzyme System: 1,4-alpha-D-Glucan-1,4-alpha-D-glucan 4-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase/dextrin 6 alpha-D-glucanohydrolase. An enzyme system having both 4-alpha-glucanotransferase (EC 2.4.1.25) and amylo-1,6-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.33) activities. As a transferase it transfers a segment of a 1,4-alpha-D-glucan to a new 4-position in an acceptor, which may be glucose or another 1,4-alpha-D-glucan. As a glucosidase it catalyzes the endohydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-D-glucoside linkages at points of branching in chains of 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues. Amylo-1,6-glucosidase activity is deficient in glycogen storage disease type III.Isoamylase: An enzyme that hydrolyzes 1,6-alpha-glucosidic branch linkages in glycogen, amylopectin, and their beta-limit dextrins. It is distinguished from pullulanase (EC 3.2.1.41) by its inability to attack pullulan and by the feeble action of alpha-limit dextrins. It is distinguished from amylopectin 6-glucanohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.69) by its action on glycogen. With EC 3.2.1.69, it produces the activity called "debranching enzyme". EC 3.2.1.68.Glucan 1,3-beta-Glucosidase: An exocellulase with specificity for 1,3-beta-D-glucasidic linkages. It catalyzes hydrolysis of beta-D-glucose units from the non-reducing ends of 1,3-beta-D-glucans, releasing GLUCOSE.Amylose: An unbranched glucan in starch.Carbohydrate Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a carbohydrate.Glycoside HydrolasesTransforming Growth Factor beta: A factor synthesized in a wide variety of tissues. It acts synergistically with TGF-alpha in inducing phenotypic transformation and can also act as a negative autocrine growth factor. TGF-beta has a potential role in embryonal development, cellular differentiation, hormone secretion, and immune function. TGF-beta is found mostly as homodimer forms of separate gene products TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2 or TGF-beta3. Heterodimers composed of TGF-beta1 and 2 (TGF-beta1.2) or of TGF-beta2 and 3 (TGF-beta2.3) have been isolated. The TGF-beta proteins are synthesized as precursor proteins.alpha-Cyclodextrins: Cyclic GLUCANS consisting of six (6) glucopyranose units linked by 1,4-glycosidic bonds.Chicory: A thick-rooted perennial (Cichorium intybus) native to Europe but widely grown for its young leaves used as salad greens and for its roots, dried and ground-roasted, used to flavor or adulterate coffee. (From Webster, 3d ed)Polysaccharides, Bacterial: Polysaccharides found in bacteria and in capsules thereof.Lentinan: Polysaccharide isolated from the edible mushroom LENTINULA EDODES. The exact composition is unknown.Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Periplasm: The space between the inner and outer membranes of a cell that is shared with the cell wall.Streptococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.Integrin alpha5beta1: An integrin found in FIBROBLASTS; PLATELETS; MONOCYTES, and LYMPHOCYTES. Integrin alpha5beta1 is the classical receptor for FIBRONECTIN, but it also functions as a receptor for LAMININ and several other EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX PROTEINS.Dextrans: A group of glucose polymers made by certain bacteria. Dextrans are used therapeutically as plasma volume expanders and anticoagulants. They are also commonly used in biological experimentation and in industry for a wide variety of purposes.Integrin beta4: Also known as CD104 antigen, this protein is distinguished from other beta integrins by its relatively long cytoplasmic domain (approximately 1000 amino acids vs. approximately 50). Five alternatively spliced isoforms have been described.Isomaltose: A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in an alpha (1-6) glycosidic linkage.Integrin alpha6beta4: This intrgrin is a key component of HEMIDESMOSOMES and is required for their formation and maintenance in epithelial cells. Integrin alpha6beta4 is also found on thymocytes, fibroblasts, and Schwann cells, where it functions as a laminin receptor (RECEPTORS, LAMININ) and is involved in wound healing, cell migration, and tumor invasiveness.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Integrin beta Chains: Integrin beta chains combine with integrin alpha chains to form heterodimeric cell surface receptors. Integrins have traditionally been classified into functional groups based on the identity of one of three beta chains present in the heterodimer. The beta chain is necessary and sufficient for integrin-dependent signaling. Its short cytoplasmic tail contains sequences critical for inside-out signaling.Medicine, East Asian Traditional: Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people in EAST ASIA.beta 2-Glycoprotein I: A 44-kDa highly glycosylated plasma protein that binds phospholipids including CARDIOLIPIN; APOLIPOPROTEIN E RECEPTOR; membrane phospholipids, and other anionic phospholipid-containing moieties. It plays a role in coagulation and apoptotic processes. Formerly known as apolipoprotein H, it is an autoantigen in patients with ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID ANTIBODIES.Streptococcus sobrinus: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from the human tooth surface. Strains have been shown to be cariogenic in experimental animals and may be associated with human dental caries.Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Oligosaccharides: Carbohydrates consisting of between two (DISACCHARIDES) and ten MONOSACCHARIDES connected by either an alpha- or beta-glycosidic link. They are found throughout nature in both the free and bound form.Spectrometry, Mass, Fast Atom Bombardment: A mass spectrometric technique that is used for the analysis of a wide range of biomolecules, such as glycoalkaloids, glycoproteins, polysaccharides, and peptides. Positive and negative fast atom bombardment spectra are recorded on a mass spectrometer fitted with an atom gun with xenon as the customary beam. The mass spectra obtained contain molecular weight recognition as well as sequence information.Integrin alpha4beta1: Integrin alpha4beta1 is a FIBRONECTIN and VCAM-1 receptor present on LYMPHOCYTES; MONOCYTES; EOSINOPHILS; NK CELLS and thymocytes. It is involved in both cell-cell and cell- EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX adhesion and plays a role in INFLAMMATION, hematopoietic cell homing and immune function, and has been implicated in skeletal MYOGENESIS; NEURAL CREST migration and proliferation, lymphocyte maturation and morphogenesis of the PLACENTA and HEART.DextrinsSolubility: The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Integrin alpha2beta1: An integrin found on fibroblasts, platelets, endothelial and epithelial cells, and lymphocytes where it functions as a receptor for COLLAGEN and LAMININ. Although originally referred to as the collagen receptor, it is one of several receptors for collagen. Ligand binding to integrin alpha2beta1 triggers a cascade of intracellular signaling, including activation of p38 MAP kinase.Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2: A subclass of beta-adrenergic receptors (RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC, BETA). The adrenergic beta-2 receptors are more sensitive to EPINEPHRINE than to NOREPINEPHRINE and have a high affinity for the agonist TERBUTALINE. They are widespread, with clinically important roles in SKELETAL MUSCLE; LIVER; and vascular, bronchial, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary SMOOTH MUSCLE.Chitin: A linear polysaccharide of beta-1->4 linked units of ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE. It is the second most abundant biopolymer on earth, found especially in INSECTS and FUNGI. When deacetylated it is called CHITOSAN.Carbohydrate Sequence: The sequence of carbohydrates within POLYSACCHARIDES; GLYCOPROTEINS; and GLYCOLIPIDS.Sucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Sizofiran: A beta-D-glucan obtained from the Aphyllophoral fungus Schizophyllum commune. It is used as an immunoadjuvant in the treatment of neoplasms, especially tumors found in the stomach.Durapatite: The mineral component of bones and teeth; it has been used therapeutically as a prosthetic aid and in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.Paecilomyces: A mitosporic fungal genus occasionally causing human diseases such as pulmonary infections, mycotic keratitis, endocarditis, and opportunistic infections. Its teleomorph is BYSSOCHLAMYS.Fungi: A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Uridine Diphosphate Glucose: A key intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism. Serves as a precursor of glycogen, can be metabolized into UDPgalactose and UDPglucuronic acid which can then be incorporated into polysaccharides as galactose and glucuronic acid. Also serves as a precursor of sucrose lipopolysaccharides, and glycosphingolipids.Integrins: A family of transmembrane glycoproteins (MEMBRANE GLYCOPROTEINS) consisting of noncovalent heterodimers. They interact with a wide variety of ligands including EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX PROTEINS; COMPLEMENT, and other cells, while their intracellular domains interact with the CYTOSKELETON. The integrins consist of at least three identified families: the cytoadhesin receptors(RECEPTORS, CYTOADHESIN), the leukocyte adhesion receptors (RECEPTORS, LEUKOCYTE ADHESION), and the VERY LATE ANTIGEN RECEPTORS. Each family contains a common beta-subunit (INTEGRIN BETA CHAINS) combined with one or more distinct alpha-subunits (INTEGRIN ALPHA CHAINS). These receptors participate in cell-matrix and cell-cell adhesion in many physiologically important processes, including embryological development; HEMOSTASIS; THROMBOSIS; WOUND HEALING; immune and nonimmune defense mechanisms; and oncogenic transformation.Interleukin-1: A soluble factor produced by MONOCYTES; MACROPHAGES, and other cells which activates T-lymphocytes and potentiates their response to mitogens or antigens. Interleukin-1 is a general term refers to either of the two distinct proteins, INTERLEUKIN-1ALPHA and INTERLEUKIN-1BETA. The biological effects of IL-1 include the ability to replace macrophage requirements for T-cell activation.Antigens, CD29: Integrin beta-1 chains which are expressed as heterodimers that are noncovalently associated with specific alpha-chains of the CD49 family (CD49a-f). CD29 is expressed on resting and activated leukocytes and is a marker for all of the very late activation antigens on cells. (from: Barclay et al., The Leukocyte Antigen FactsBook, 1993, p164)Rhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.Integrin alpha6beta1: A cell surface receptor mediating cell adhesion to the EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX and to other cells via binding to LAMININ. It is involved in cell migration, embryonic development, leukocyte activation and tumor cell invasiveness. Integrin alpha6beta1 is the major laminin receptor on PLATELETS; LEUKOCYTES; and many EPITHELIAL CELLS, and ligand binding may activate a number of signal transduction pathways. Alternative splicing of the cytoplasmic domain of the alpha6 subunit (INTEGRIN ALPHA6) results in the formation of A and B isoforms of the heterodimer, which are expressed in a tissue-specific manner.Shiitake Mushrooms: Mushrooms in the order AGARICALES containing B vitamins, cortinelin, and the polysaccharide LENTINAN.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.gamma-Cyclodextrins: Cyclic GLUCANS consisting of eight (8) glucopyranose units linked by 1,4-glycosidic bonds.Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-1: A subclass of beta-adrenergic receptors (RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC, BETA). The adrenergic beta-1 receptors are equally sensitive to EPINEPHRINE and NOREPINEPHRINE and bind the agonist DOBUTAMINE and the antagonist METOPROLOL with high affinity. They are found in the HEART, juxtaglomerular cells, and in the central and peripheral nervous systems.Air Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Cyclodextrins: A homologous group of cyclic GLUCANS consisting of alpha-1,4 bound glucose units obtained by the action of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase on starch or similar substrates. The enzyme is produced by certain species of Bacillus. Cyclodextrins form inclusion complexes with a wide variety of substances.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Integrin alpha1beta1: Integrin alpha1beta1 functions as a receptor for LAMININ and COLLAGEN. It is widely expressed during development, but in the adult is the predominant laminin receptor (RECEPTORS, LAMININ) in mature SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, where it is important for maintenance of the differentiated phenotype of these cells. Integrin alpha1beta1 is also found in LYMPHOCYTES and microvascular endothelial cells, and may play a role in angiogenesis. In SCHWANN CELLS and neural crest cells, it is involved in cell migration. Integrin alpha1beta1 is also known as VLA-1 and CD49a-CD29.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Mitosporic Fungi: A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.Cellulases: A family of glycosidases that hydrolyse crystalline CELLULOSE into soluble sugar molecules. Within this family there are a variety of enzyme subtypes with differing substrate specificities that must work together to bring about complete cellulose hydrolysis. They are found in structures called CELLULOSOMES.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Sodium Hydroxide: A highly caustic substance that is used to neutralize acids and make sodium salts. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3: A glycogen synthase kinase that was originally described as a key enzyme involved in glycogen metabolism. It regulates a diverse array of functions such as CELL DIVISION, microtubule function and APOPTOSIS.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Streptococcus sanguis: A gram-positive organism found in dental plaque, in blood, on heart valves in subacute endocarditis, and infrequently in saliva and throat specimens. L-forms are associated with recurrent aphthous stomatitis.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Lectins, C-Type: A class of animal lectins that bind to carbohydrate in a calcium-dependent manner. They share a common carbohydrate-binding domain that is structurally distinct from other classes of lectins.Estrogen Receptor beta: One of the ESTROGEN RECEPTORS that has greater affinity for ISOFLAVONES than ESTROGEN RECEPTOR ALPHA does. There is great sequence homology with ER alpha in the DNA-binding domain but not in the ligand binding and hinge domains.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Rhizobiaceae: A family of gram-negative bacteria which are saprophytes, symbionts, or plant pathogens.Transforming Growth Factor beta1: A subtype of transforming growth factor beta that is synthesized by a wide variety of cells. It is synthesized as a precursor molecule that is cleaved to form mature TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta1 latency-associated peptide. The association of the cleavage products results in the formation a latent protein which must be activated to bind its receptor. Defects in the gene that encodes TGF-beta1 are the cause of CAMURATI-ENGELMANN SYNDROME.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Candida albicans: A unicellular budding fungus which is the principal pathogenic species causing CANDIDIASIS (moniliasis).Mannans: Polysaccharides consisting of mannose units.Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-3: A subclass of beta-adrenergic receptors (RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC, BETA). The beta-3 adrenergic receptors are the predominant beta-adrenergic receptor type expressed in white and brown ADIPOCYTES and are involved in modulating ENERGY METABOLISM and THERMOGENESIS.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Agglutination: The clumping together of suspended material resulting from the action of AGGLUTININS.Glucose: A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Cell Adhesion: Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.Beta Rhythm: Brain waves with frequency between 15-30 Hz seen on EEG during wakefulness and mental activity.Adrenergic beta-Agonists: Drugs that selectively bind to and activate beta-adrenergic receptors.Apoenzymes: The protein components of enzyme complexes (HOLOENZYMES). An apoenzyme is the holoenzyme minus any cofactors (ENZYME COFACTORS) or prosthetic groups required for the enzymatic function.Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Ligands: A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
Taylor PR, Brown GD, Herre J, Williams DL, Willment JA, Gordon S (2004). "The role of SIGNR1 and the beta-glucan receptor ( ... Willment JA, Marshall AS, Reid DM, Williams DL, Wong SY, Gordon S, Brown GD (2005). "The human beta-glucan receptor is widely ... Taylor PR, Brown GD, Reid DM, Willment JA, Martinez-Pomares L, Gordon S, Wong SY (2002). "The beta-glucan receptor, dectin-1, ... A new receptor for beta-glucans". Nature. 413 (6851): 36-7. doi:10.1038/35092620. PMID 11544516. Willment JA, Gordon S, Brown ...
... beta 1.3-glucans are complex glucose homopolymers binding together in a beta-1,3 configuration. The following are beta glucans ... 2004). "Beta-D-glucan as a diagnostic adjunct for invasive fungal infections: validation, cutoff development, and performance ... Polyglucan's are a source of beta-glucans. Structurally, ... 3 Beta-D-Glucan Detection in non-HIV Immunocompromised ... 2005). "Multicenter clinical evaluation of the (1→3)β-D-glucan assay as an aid to diagnosis of fungal infections in humans". ...
"Beta 1,3 glucan synthase catalytic subunit, UniProtKB/TrEMBL Q7D3X8 (Q7D3X8_AGRT5)". Ruffing AM, Chen RR (February 2012). " ... Curdlan is a linear beta-1,3-glucan, a high-molecular-weight polymer of glucose. Curdlan consists of β-(1,3)-linked glucose ... Karnezis T, Epa VC, Stone BA, Stanisich VA (2003). "Topological characterization of an inner membrane (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan ( ... McIntosh M, Stone BA, Stanisich VA (2005). "Curdlan and other bacterial (1-->3)-beta-D-glucans". Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 68 ...
Rop O, Mlcek J, Jurikova T (2009). "Beta-glucans in higher fungi and their health effects". Nutrition Reviews. 67 (11): 624-31 ... an effect linked to their content of beta-glucans. Oyster mushrooms produce the cholesterol lowering drug lovastatin.[citation ...
... is a β-1,3 beta-glucan with β-1,6 branching. Schizophyllan is also known as sizofiran. Schizophyllan has a ... With its classification as a beta-glucan, schizophyllan is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the United States FDA. While ... Studies have validated that 10 mg (or less) of a high quality, adequately processed chemically similar beta-glucan is a ... Stuyven, E (2010). "Oral administration of beta-1,3/1,6-glucan to dogs temporally changes total and antigen-specific IgA and ...
Oat products also contain beta-glucan. Muesli Oat milk Oat bran Oatcake Oatmeal Porridge "Types of Oats". The Whole Grain ...
3-D-glucan synthase enzyme complex in susceptible fungi to disturb fungal cell glucan synthesis. Beta-glucan destruction ... Beta glucans are carbohydrate polymers that are cross-linked with other fungal cell wall components (The bacterial equivalent ... In vitro and mouse models show echinocandins may also enhance host immune responses by exposing highly antigenic beta-glucan ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Douglas, CM (2001). "Fungal beta(1,3)-D-glucan synthesis". Med Mycol. 39 (Suppl ...
Beta-glucan Chitin fungi includes other edible mushrooms. Lentinan fruit body of shiitake (Lentinula edodes mycelium (LEM)) and ... beta Sitosterol avocado, rice bran, wheat germ, corn oils, fennel, peanuts, soybeans, hawthorn, basil, buckwheat. gamma ...
... and Biology of 1-3 Beta Glucans and Related Polysaccharides. Academic Press. p. 408. ISBN 9780080920542. Retrieved 12 June 2017 ... β-glucan Cellulose Chitin Bacic, Antony; Fincher, Geoffrey B.; Stone, Bruce A. (2009). Chemistry, Biochemistry, ...
"An intermediate in cyclic beta 1-2 glucan biosynthesis". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 126 (1): 352-7. doi:10.1016/0006-291X( ...
Lentinex is a beta-glucan formulation containing lentinan which is marketed as a novel food in the EU. Medicinal mushrooms ... Lentinan is a β-1,3 beta-glucan with β-1,6 branching. It has a molecular weight of 500,000 Da and specific rotation of +14-22 ... July 2009). "Efficacy of Orally Administered Superfine Dispersed Lentinan (β-1,3-Glucan) for the Treatment of Advanced ... 2009). "Clinical efficacy of superfine dispersed lentinan (β-1,3-glucan) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma". ...
3 linkages or beta-1, 4 linkages. This type of beta-glucan is also referred to as a mixed-linkage (1→3), (1→4)-beta-D-glucan. ... Oat beta-glucan is a viscous polysaccharide made up of units of the monosaccharide D-glucose. Oat beta-glucan is composed of ... Beta-D-glucans, usually referred to as beta-glucans, comprise a class of indigestible polysaccharides widely found in nature in ... In comparison, the indigestible polysaccharide cellulose is also a beta-glucan, but is not soluble because of its (1→4)-beta-D- ...
... evidence for beta-1,6-glucan synthesis inhibition by caspofungin". Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 50 (9): 3160-1. doi: ... Fungi are unusual among the eukaryotes in having a cell wall that, in addition to glucans (e.g., β-1,3-glucan) and other ... The fungal cell wall is composed of glucans and chitin; while glucans are also found in plants and chitin in the exoskeleton of ...
These include beta-glucan (β-glucan) and acetylated α-glucan. AHCC is used in Japan as a supplement. It is available to the ... Active hexose correlated compound (AHCC) is an alpha-glucan (=starch) rich nutritional supplement produced from the mycelia of ...
Kim YW, Kim KH, Choi HJ, Lee DS (2005). "Anti-diabetic activity of beta-glucans and their enzymatically hydrolyzed ... Hong L, Xun M, Wutong W (2007). "Anti-diabetic effect of an alpha-glucan from fruit body of maitake (Grifola frondosa) on KK-Ay ...
This species can trigger asthmatic reactions due to the presence of allergens and beta-glucans on its spore surface. In mice, ... "Surface availability of beta-glucans is critical determinant of host immune response to Cladosporium cladosporioides". Journal ...
Rice bran also contains a high level of dietary fibres (beta-glucan, pectin and gum). In addition, it also contains ferulic ... gamma-oryzanol and beta-sitosterol; all these constituents may contribute to the lowering of the plasma levels of the various ...
In addition to beta glucans, the mushroom's effect on the immune system is believed to be due to other polysaccharides, such as ... Because Agaricus subrufescens contains a high level of beta glucans, compounds known for stimulating the immune system, the ... doi:10.1111/j.1365-2621.1984.tb10433.x. Hetland, Geir; Sandven, P. (2002). "beta-1,3-Glucan reduces growth of Mycobacterium ... beta}-1,3-D-Glucan and Other Immunomodulators in Murine Cells". Cancer Research. 45 (4): 1496-501. PMID 3156669. Amino, M; ...
The soluble fiber portion contains the richest source of beta-glucans compared to any other grain; these can aid immune ...
Formation of beta-(1,4)-glucans from GDP-glucose and beta-(1,3)-glucans from UDP-glucose". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 138 (2): 620 ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is GDP-glucose:1,4-beta-D-glucan 4-beta-D-glucosyltransferase. Other names in common ... 4-beta-D-glucosyl)n+1 Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are GDP-glucose and (1,4-beta-D-glucosyl)n, whereas its two ... 4-beta-glucan glucosyltransferase, and guanosine diphosphoglucose-cellulose glucosyltransferase. This enzyme participates in ...
... belongs to a group of glucose polymers commonly called beta-glucans demonstrating biological response modifier ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Bergendiova, K; Tibenska, E, Majtan, J (2011-01-20). "Pleuran (β-glucan from ... Bobovčák, M; Kuniaková, R, Gabriž, J, Majtán, J (December 2010). "Effect of Pleuran (β-glucan from Pleurotus ostreatus) ... doi:10.1016/0144-8617(94)90019-1. Di Luzio, NR (1985). "Update on the immunomodulating activities of glucans". Springer ...
"A circularly permuted alpha-amylase-type alpha/beta-barrel structure in glucan-synthesizing glucosyltransferases". FEBS Letters ... This glucose is added to a growing glucan chain. Glucansucrase uses the energy released from bond cleavage to drive glucan ... These extracellular homopolysaccharides are called α-glucan polymers. Glucansucrase enzymes can synthesize a variety of glucans ... Glucan polymers stick to teeth in the human mouth and cause tooth decay. There is hope to make dental caries a thing of the ...
Other dietary fibers also fit the definition of prebiotics, such as resistant starch, pectin, beta-glucans, and ... "Barley β-Glucans-Containing Food Enhances Probiotic Performances of Beneficial Bacteria". International Journal of Molecular ...
... beta-xylosidase (EC 3.2.1.37); N-acetyl beta-glucosaminidase (EC 3.2.1.52); glucan beta-1,3-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.58); ... Varghese JN, Fincher GB, Hrmova M (1999). "Three-dimensional structure of a barley beta-D-glucan exohydrolase, a family 3 ... Glycoside hydrolase family 3 CAZY GH_3 comprises enzymes with a number of known activities; beta-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.21); ...
Beta-glucan Medicinal mushrooms Pharmaceutic adjuvant AS03, a proprietary adjuvant Recommendations for Use and Alternatives to ...
In molecular biology, the xyloglucan endo-transglycosylase (XET) is an enzyme that is involved in the metabolism of xyloglucan, which is a component of plant cell walls. This enzyme is part of glycoside hydrolase family 16. Xyloglucan endo-transglycosylase (XET) is thought to be highly important during seed germination, fruit ripening, and rapid wall expansion. Xyloglucan is the predominant hemicellulose in the primary cell walls of most dicotyledons. With cellulose, it forms a network that strengthens the cell wall. XET catalyses the splitting of xyloglucan chains and the linking of the newly generated reducing end to the non-reducing end of another xyloglucan chain, thereby loosening the cell wall. Baumann MJ, Eklöf JM, Michel G, Kallas AM, Teeri TT, Czjzek M, et al. (2007). "Structural evidence for the evolution of xyloglucanase activity from xyloglucan endo-transglycosylases: biological implications for cell wall metabolism". Plant Cell. 19 (6): 1947-63. doi:10.1105/tpc.107.051391. PMC ...
A glucan molecule is a polysaccharide of D-glucose monomers, linked by glycosidic bonds. Many beta-glucans are medically important. They represent a drug target for antifungal medications of the echinocandin class. The following are glucans: (The α- and β- and numbers clarify the type of O-glycosidic bond.) dextran, α-1,6-glucan with α-1,3-branches floridean starch, α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucan glycogen, α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucan pullulan, α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucan starch, a mixture of amylose and amylopectin, both α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucans cellulose, β-1,4-glucan chrysolaminarin, β-1,3-glucan curdlan, β-1,3-glucan laminarin, β-1,3- and β-1,6-glucan lentinan, a strictly purified β-1,6:β-1,3-glucan from Lentinus edodes lichenin, β-1,3- and β-1,4-glucan oat beta-glucan, β-1,3- and β-1,4-glucan pleuran, β-1,3- and β-1,6-glucan isolated from Pleurotus ...
... is a glucosyltransferase enzyme involved in the generation of beta-glucan in fungi. It serves as a pharmacological target for antifungal drugs such as caspofungin, anidulafungin, and micafungin, deemed 1,3-Beta-glucan synthase inhibitors. The biosynthesis of disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides involves the action of hundreds of different glycosyltransferases. These enzymes catalyse the transfer of sugar moieties from activated donor molecules to specific acceptor molecules, forming glycosidic bonds. A classification of glycosyltransferases using nucleotide diphospho-sugar, nucleotide monophospho-sugar and sugar phosphates (EC 2.4.1.-.), and related proteins into distinct sequence-based families has been described.[1] This classification is available on the CAZy (CArbohydrate-Active EnZymes) web site . The same three-dimensional fold is expected to occur within each of the families. Because 3-D structures are better ...
... (EC 3.2.1.41, limit dextrinase, amylopectin 6-glucanohydrolase, bacterial debranching enzyme, debranching enzyme, alpha-dextrin endo-1,6-alpha-glucosidase, R-enzyme, pullulan alpha-1,6-glucanohydrolase) is a specific kind of glucanase, an amylolytic exoenzyme, that degrades pullulan. It is produced as an extracellular, cell surface-anchored lipoprotein by Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Klebsiella. Type I pullulanases specifically attack α-1,6 linkages, while type II pullulanases are also able to hydrolyse α-1,4 linkages. It is also produced by some other bacteria and archaea. Pullulanase is used as a processing aid in grain processing biotechnology (production of ethanol and sweeteners). Pullulanase is also known as pullulan-6-glucanohydrolase (Debranching enzyme). Its substrate, pullulan, is regarded as a chain of maltotriose units linked by alpha-1,6-glycosidic bonds. Pullulanase will hydrolytically cleave pullulan (alpha-glucan polysaccharides). Lee, E.Y.C.; Whelan, W.J. ...
... /trəˈpiːələm, troʊ-/, commonly known as nasturtium (/nəˈstɜːrʃəm, næ-/; literally "nose-twister" or "nose-tweaker"), is a genus of roughly 80 species of annual and perennial herbaceous flowering plants. It was named by Carl Linnaeus in his book Species Plantarum, and is the only genus in the family Tropaeolaceae. The nasturtiums received their common name because they produce an oil similar to that of watercress (Nasturtium officinale). The genus Tropaeolum, native to South and Central America, includes several very popular garden plants, the most common being T. majus, T. peregrinum and T. speciosum. One of the hardiest species is T. polyphyllum from Chile, the perennial roots of which can survive the winter underground at altitudes of 3,300 metres (10,000 ft). Plants in this genus have showy, often intensely bright flowers, and rounded, peltate (shield-shaped) leaves with the petiole in the centre. The flowers are bisexual and zygomorphic, with five petals, a superior ...
... is any of several enzymes produced chiefly by fungi, bacteria, and protozoans that catalyze cellulolysis, the decomposition of cellulose and of some related polysaccharides. The name is also used for any naturally occurring mixture or complex of various such enzymes, that act serially or synergistically to decompose cellulosic material. Cellulases break down the cellulose molecule into monosaccharides ("simple sugars") such as beta-glucose, or shorter polysaccharides and oligosaccharides. Cellulose breakdown is of considerable economic importance, because it makes a major constituent of plants available for consumption and use in chemical reactions. The specific reaction involved is the hydrolysis of the 1,4-beta-D-glycosidic linkages in cellulose, hemicellulose, lichenin, and cereal beta-D-glucans. Because cellulose molecules bind strongly to each other, cellulolysis ...
Omega Red merupakan mutan dengan kekuatan dan kemampuan melebihi manusia biasa. Salah satu kemampuannya adalah melepaskan feromon beracun ke udara yang bila terhirup oleh orang lain akan menyebabkan orang yang bersangkutan kehilangan kesadaran dan akhirnya meninggal. Kemampuan itu disebut sebagai "Faktor Kematian" (Death Factor) dan hanya kemampuan khusus mutan lain semisal "Faktor Penyembuh" (Healing Factor) milik Wolverine yang bisa menangkal efek dari feromon tersebut. Omega Red juga memiliki sepasang tentakel logam di pergelangan tangannya yang terbuat dari logam yang disebut karbonadium. Karbonadium merupakan logam yang dibuat untuk meniru kekuatan logam adamantium. Dibandingkan adamantium, karbonadium tidak sekuat adamantium, namun lebih lentur. Walaupun secara kekuatan masih di bawah adamantium, karbonadium sendiri pada dasarnya juga sangat sulit untuk dihancurkan dan lebih kuat dibanding baja sekalipun. Omega Red bisa menggunakan tentakelnya sebagai senjata, entah untuk menjerat musuhnya ...
A glucan molecule is a polysaccharide of D-glucose monomers, linked by glycosidic bonds. Many beta-glucans are medically important. They represent a drug target for antifungal medications of the echinocandin class. The following are glucans: (The α- and β- and numbers clarify the type of O-glycosidic bond.) dextran, α-1,6-glucan with α-1,3-branches floridean starch, α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucan glycogen, α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucan pullulan, α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucan starch, a mixture of amylose and amylopectin, both α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucans cellulose, β-1,4-glucan chrysolaminarin, β-1,3-glucan curdlan, β-1,3-glucan laminarin, β-1,3- and β-1,6-glucan lentinan, a strictly purified β-1,6:β-1,3-glucan from Lentinus edodes lichenin, β-1,3- and β-1,4-glucan oat beta-glucan, β-1,3- and β-1,4-glucan pleuran, β-1,3- and β-1,6-glucan isolated from Pleurotus ...
... (also known as cauliflower mushroom) is a genus of parasitic and saprobic mushrooms characterised by their unique shape and appearance. This appearance can be described as similar to a sea sponge, a brain, or a head of cauliflower, from which it has been given its popular name. They are increasingly cultivated and being sold in Korea, Japan, United States and Australia. The generic name comes from the Greek sparassein meaning to tear. There are seven species in the genus: Sparassis crispa (Wulfen) Fr. Sparassis brevipes Krombh. Sparassis cystidiosa Desjardin & Zheng Wang Sparassis latifolia Y.C. Dai & Zheng Wang Sparassis miniensis Blanco-Dios & Z. Wang Sparassis radicata Weir Sparassis spathulata (Schwein.) Fr. The best-known and most widely collected species of Sparassis are S. crispa (found in Europe and eastern North America) and S. radicata (found in western North America). These species have a very similar appearance and some authorities treat them as conspecific. Their color can ...
... is a glucosyltransferase enzyme involved in the generation of beta-glucan in fungi. It serves as a pharmacological target for antifungal drugs such as caspofungin, anidulafungin, and micafungin, deemed 1,3-Beta-glucan synthase inhibitors. The biosynthesis of disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides involves the action of hundreds of different glycosyltransferases. These enzymes catalyse the transfer of sugar moieties from activated donor molecules to specific acceptor molecules, forming glycosidic bonds. A classification of glycosyltransferases using nucleotide diphospho-sugar, nucleotide monophospho-sugar and sugar phosphates (EC 2.4.1.-.), and related proteins into distinct sequence-based families has been described.[1] This classification is available on the CAZy (CArbohydrate-Active EnZymes) web site . The same three-dimensional fold is expected to occur within each of the families. Because 3-D structures are better ...
Like the sulphur shelf mushroom, G. frondosa is a perennial fungus that often grows in the same place for a number of years in succession. It occurs most prolifically in the northeastern regions of the United States, but has been found as far west as Idaho. G. frondosa grows from an underground tuber-like structure known as a sclerotium, about the size of a potato. The fruiting body, occurring as large as 100 cm, is a cluster consisting of multiple grayish-brown caps which are often curled or spoon-shaped, with wavy margins and 2-7 cm broad. The undersurface of each cap bears about one to three pores per millimeter, with the tubes rarely deeper than 3 mm. The milky-white stipe (stalk) has a branchy structure and becomes tough as the mushroom matures. In Japan, the maitake can grow to more than 100 lb (45 kg), earning this giant mushroom the title "king of mushrooms". Maitake is one of the major culinary mushrooms used in Japan, the others being shiitake, shimeji, and enoki. They are used in a ...
... is any of several enzymes produced chiefly by fungi, bacteria, and protozoans that catalyze cellulolysis, the decomposition of cellulose and of some related polysaccharides. The name is also used for any naturally occurring mixture or complex of various such enzymes, that act serially or synergistically to decompose cellulosic material. Cellulases break down the cellulose molecule into monosaccharides ("simple sugars") such as beta-glucose, or shorter polysaccharides and oligosaccharides. Cellulose breakdown is of considerable economic importance, because it makes a major constituent of plants available for consumption and use in chemical reactions. The specific reaction involved is the hydrolysis of the 1,4-beta-D-glycosidic linkages in cellulose, hemicellulose, lichenin, and cereal beta-D-glucans. Because cellulose molecules bind strongly to each other, cellulolysis ...
B-N-acetilglukozaminil-glikopeptid b-1,4-galaktoziltransferaza (EC 2.4.1.38, UDP-galaktoza---glikoprotein galaktoziltransferaza, glikoprotein 4-beta-galaktozil-transferaza, beta-N-acetil-beta1-4-galaktoziltransferaza, tiroid glikoprotein beta-galaktoziltransferaza, glikoprotein beta-galaktoziltransferaza, tiroid galaktoziltransferaza, uridin difosfogalaktoza-glikoprotein galaktoziltransferaza, beta-N-acetilglukozaminil-glikopeptid beta-1,4-galaktoziltransferaza, GalT, UDP-galaktoza:N-acetil-beta-D-glukozaminilglikopeptid beta-1,4-galaktoziltransferaza, UDP-galaktoza:N-acetil-beta-D-glukozaminilglikopeptid 4-beta-galaktoziltransferaza) je ...
Beta-glucans: this fiber help in lowering cholesterol.. Side by side they also help in reducing the blood pressure. ...
This property is mainly due to the action exerted by the lentinan polysaccharide Beta-D-glucan on the immune system. This ...
Shiitake Medicinal Mushrooms - suitable for diabetics. Boosts the immune system, thereby strengthening the bodys ability to fight infection and disease. Helps to reduce nausea, vomiting, discomfort in the period of recovery after illness or chemotherapy.
Active compounds include beta glucans, lentinan and the sterol eritadenine. Eritadenine and beta glucans both promote ... In the digestive tract beta glucans stimulate immune cells. Some beta glucans get absorbed undigested through pinocytosis to ... Beta glucans as a type of soluble fiber can absorb cholesterol and toxins which makes them promote heart wellness. The beta ... Beta glucans are large molecules that are water soluble polysaccharides. They have a unique branched shape that has special ...
β-Glucans (beta-glucans) comprise a group of β-D-glucose polysaccharides naturally occurring in the cell walls of cereals, ... Mushroom beta-glucans are linked by 1,3 glycosidic bonds with 1,6 branches.[citation needed] β-Glucans found in the cell walls ... Each type of beta-glucan comprises a different molecular backbone, level of branching, and molecular weight which affects its ... 1995). "Plasma (13)-beta-D-glucan measurement in diagnosis of invasive deep mycosis and fungal febrile episodes". Lancet. 345 ( ...
1160/2011 of the Commission, foodstuffs through which 3 g/day of oat beta-glucan are consumed (1 g of oat beta-glucan per ... Recently, the wound healing effectiveness of both yeast and oat beta-glucan were tested on carp. After 14 days, beta-glucan ... and more recently in low molecular weight oat beta-glucans, but high molecular weight oat beta-glucans are hindered by their ... "A critical review on production and industrial applications of beta-glucans". Food Hydrocolloids. "CP Oat Beta Glucan - Oat ...
1,3-Beta-glucan synthase is a glucosyltransferase enzyme involved in the generation of beta-glucan in fungi. It serves as a ... 1,3-Beta-glucan synthase (EC 2.4.1.34.) also known as callose synthase catalyses the formation of a beta-1,3-glucan polymer ... This is the glycosyltransferase 48 family, which consists of various 1,3-beta-glucan synthase components including Gls1, Gls2, ... UDP-glucose + {(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl}(N) = UDP + {(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl}(N+1). ...
... yeast beta-glucans is grossly similar to the background intake of beta-glucans from other dietary sources. Data provided on ( ... yeast beta-glucans is not higher than the risk from other products containing bakers yeast. Beta-glucans from other sources ... Yeast beta-glucans consists of complex, high molecular mass polysaccharides derived from the cell wall of bakers yeast ... The applicant intends to market yeast beta-glucans in food supplements at dose levels of up to 375 mg per day and in foods ...
Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to beta glucans and maintenance of normal blood cholesterol ...
This family consists of the beta-glucan synthesis-associated proteins KRE6 and SKN1. Beta1,6-Glucan is a key component of the ... Beta-glucan synthesis-associated, SKN1 (IPR005629). Short name: SKN1 Overlapping homologous superfamilies *Concanavalin A-like ... It has been postulated that the synthesis of beta1,6-glucan begins in the endoplasmic reticulum with the formation of protein- ... Localization of synthesis of beta1,6-glucan in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.. J. Bacteriol. 181 7414-20 1999 ...
The use of beta-13D glucan as a supplement is an exciting prospect as yeast-derived beta glucans are noted for their ability to ... Both Epicor and Beta-13D Glucan are yeast extracts promoted as immune system enhancers. However, Beta-13D Glucan has an ... Effects of Beta-13D Glucan. Phagocytosis increases after consumption of beta-13D glucan. Additionally, the number of phagocytes ... What Is Beta-13D Glucan?. This compound is found in the cell wall of bakers yeast. Its commercial form is a highly purified ...
Topic: Health Related: barley, beta glucan, cholesterol, flax seeds, heart disease, heart smart, oats, psyllium, soluble fiber ... Topic: Health Related: antioxidant, beta glucan, fall, green tea, immune booster, mushrooms, probiotics, seafood, vitamin c, ... Topic: Cooking, Health Related: antioxidant, beta glucan, crimini, grocery aisle, healthy every month, mushrooms, ... Numerous studies showed that a diet high in beta-glucan from oats help … [Read more...] about Oats Benefit High Cholesterol and ...
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Shop Solgar Beta Glucans Immune Complex Capsules at Holland & Barrett. Nutritional support for your bodys natural immune ... Beta Glucans & Elderberry Immune+ Complex, containing Ester-C®, zinc and vitamin D. Nutritional support for your bodys natural ... An advanced combination including Beta 1,3/1,6 Glucans, Elderberry and Selenium, along with Ester-C®, Vitamin D3 and Zinc. ... Vitamin C (as Ester-C, calcium ascorbate), Beta 1,3/1,6 Glucans, Vegetable Capsule Shell (hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose), ...
Dietary beta-glucans lower the blood concentrations of cholesterol in animals and humans. Recent studies have uncovered ... mechanisms by which dietary beta-glucans may regulate cholesterol homeostasis. There is evidence that beta-glucans sequester ... The effects of diets enriched in beta-glucans on blood lipoprotein concentrations.. Chen J1, Huang XF. ... provide an additive effect in suppressing hepatocyte cholesterol to that produced by enhancing its depletion with beta-glucans ...
How Beta Glucan Can Help. While not an essential nutrient, beta glucans are shown to activate white blood cells, particularly ... The amounts of beta glucans in studies have ranged from about 3,000 to 15,000 mg per day. Fortunately, there are no known side ... Beta glucan is a fiber-type sugar molecule that can help control cholesterol levels. It is commonly found in bakers yeast, ... Studies indicate that beta glucans are worth considering. On your own, incorporating them into your diet shouldnt be too ...
A yeast beta glucan ingredient called Wellmune WGP and a fermented black bean extract have won novel foods approval for use in ... beta​-glucans is not higher than the risk from other products containing bakers yeast.​​Beta​-glucans from other sources have ... beta​-glucans is grossly similar to the background intake of​​beta​-glucans from other dietary sources."​ ... Beta glucan; Touchi win novel foods approval. 11-May-2011. - Last updated on 13-May-2011 at 08:00. GMT ...
Beta Glucan is a type of soluble fiber that is believed to play a role in lowering cholesterol. According to an article in the ... Beta Glucan is a type of soluble fiber that is believed to play a role in lowering cholesterol. According to an article in the ... Medicinal Food News: Beta Glucan in Oats Lowers Blood Cholesterol * Nutrition Reviews: Cholesterol-Lowering Effects of Oat β- ... This is due to the high concentration of soluble fiber from beta glucan contained in oats. According to a review in the June ...
In a solubilized form, beta-glucan binds to a lectin site within complement receptor 3 (CR3) on leukocytes, priming the ... beta-glucan A polysaccharide isolated from the cell walls of bacteria, plants, and fungi with immunostimulant and ... Thus, the attachment of beta-glucan to CR3 of circulating leukocytes simulates leukocytes to kill iC3b-coated tumor cells in ... In a solubilized form, beta-glucan binds to a lectin site within complement receptor 3 (CR3) on leukocytes, priming the ...
This topic has 40 study abstracts on Beta-glucan indicating that it may have therapeutic value in the treatment of High ... 2 Abstracts with Beta-glucan & Influenza Research. [x] Remove Focus on Influenza. Filter by Study Type. Animal Study. ...
Beta glucan is found in mushrooms, food yeast and in fiber of some cereals. Beta glucans are natural polysaccharides, ... Beta glucan produced from fungi have the best immunomodulatory effects. The main mechanism of action of beta glucan is ... Beta-glucan absolutely does not interfere with "work" of other elements of remedy. Moreover, it promotes faster absorption of ... Several types of beta-glucan-type polysaccharides are known, differing in molecular composition and, accordingly, in degree of ...
Shop for Solaray L-Lysine and Beta Glucan at Ralphs. Find quality health products to add to your Shopping List or order online ...
"A beta-Glucan-Based Dietary Fiber Reduces Mast Cell-Induced Hyperpermeability in Ileum From Patients With Crohns Disease and ... Beta-glucan was able to attenuate paracellular and transcellular hyperpermeability caused by mast cell-degranulation,"​ wrote ... Beta-glucan supplement may help leaky gut syndrome: study. By Tim Cutcliffe ... A prebiotic dietary fibre containing beta-glucan has shown promise in reducing gut permeability, reveals a recent study in ...
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of a yeast beta-glucan product (YBG) as an alternative to ... Table 1. Body weight, feed consumption and feed conversion of broiler chickens fed yeast beta glucan (YBG), virginiamycin or a ... Further research is recommended to optimize inclusion rates of yeast beta-glucan in broiler diets to maximize growth promotion ... demonstrating that the positive effects of beta-glucans on growth performance are delayed until the latter stages of ...
Glucose polymers consisting of a backbone of beta(1->3)-linked beta-D-glucopyranosyl units with beta(1->6) linked side chains ... beta-Glucans. Subscribe to New Research on beta-Glucans Glucose polymers consisting of a backbone of beta(1-,3)-linked beta-D- ... and beta-glucans are used for the treatment of cancer. ". 03/01/2010 - "Due to their immunomodulatory properties, purified beta ... "This review summarizes the use of beta-glucans in colon cancer. ". 06/01/2013 - "Evidence has supported the idea that beta- ...
  • "The key findings of the present study demonstrate that beta-glucan may have potential to alter immunity following a strenuous exercise session," ​wrote the researchers. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Beta Glucans is also used for strengthening immunity, fighting bacterial and viral infections and against syndroms such as Lupus and arthritis. (allhealthguides.com)
  • Although their primary role is to alert the animal's immune system to fungal pathogens through cell surface receptors, beta glucans have been used more readily in both human and livestock as a way to enhance host protective immunity (mucosal and systemic immunity). (kemin.com)
  • Beta-Glucans with ImmunEnhancer is an exceptional combination of immune supporting ingredients helping to strengthen your immune response seasonally and throughout the year. (seacoast.com)
  • Immunition Allergy Formula - 60 Count - with 3 mg/serving of MG Beta Glucan, Quercetin, Vit A, Vit C, Zinc, Beta Carotene, Astragalus, Grape Seed Extract plus additional Allergy fighting ingredients. (nsc24.com)
  • MG Beta Glucan extracted from yeast cell wall, a proven nutritional immune response potentiator, is combined with Vitamin C, Astragalus, OPC Grape Seed Extract, Vitamin A, Quercetin and other active ingredients known to nutritionally contribute to normalizing the immune cell response which in turn in many instances contributes to minimizing allergy symptoms including swelling and draining. (nsc24.com)
  • MG Beta Glucan, a proven powerful natural immune response potentiator, joins with Vitamin C, Echinacea Extract, Astragalus, Quercetin and other active ingredients with antioxidant attributes. (nsc24.com)
  • Yet another study showed that Beta glucans protected lymphocyte blood cells (important in the immune system) from undergoing DNA damage by free radicals. (hipetusa.com)
  • There has been an increased interest in the past 20 years of the nutritional benefits of beta-glucans. (breadbeckers.com)
  • While there is a wealth of clinical research supporting the safety, efficacy and benefits of beta glucans, it is crucial to use the right processing methods for extraction. (wellmune.com)
  • We provide evidence that yeast-derived beta-glucan has a beneficial effect on ileal barrier function by inhibiting stress effects on the epithelium. (nutraingredients.com)
  • "Our results provide important and novel knowledge, and highlight the possible application of yeast-derived beta-glucan in health disorders and diseases characterised by intestinal barrier dysfunction, such as CD," ​ Keita added. (nutraingredients.com)
  • According to Dr Levine, the algal-sourced beta-glucan has several advantages compared to yeast-derived products, including being a more concentrated source, with over 95% beta-glucan, compared with 60-80% in purified yeast products. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Scientific studies have shown that yeast-derived Beta-Glucan can interact with certain immune cells‚ including those present in the gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT). (pureformulas.com)
  • Based on these largely theoretical findings, as well a small number of very preliminary human trials, 29-31 various beta-glucan products have been advocated for the treatment of conditions as diverse as allergic rhinitis , cancer , infections, and sepsis (overwhelming infection following major trauma, illness, or surgery). (grandstrandmed.com)
  • However, forecasting the market in terms of various beta-glucan segments, and regions is more a matter of quantifying expectations and identifying opportunities rather than rationalising them after the forecast has been completed. (sbwire.com)
  • When you look at research on mushroom Beta glucan, a large percentage has been done in Asian laboratories in the past. (hipetusa.com)
  • Having these kinds of standardized mushroom Beta glucan can make it easier to compare research studies between laboratories. (hipetusa.com)
  • Mushroom Beta glucan has shown effectiveness as an anti-tumor defense and as an immune system modulator. (hipetusa.com)
  • In one recent study, mushroom Beta glucan was able to activate and promote the release of infection-fighting cytokines to promote a healthy immune response. (hipetusa.com)
  • This means that Mushroom Beta-glucan does not fight a specific disease directly, but rather helps to make the immune system function of our best friends at an optimal level so they can more successfully combat all kinds of diseases. (hipetusa.com)
  • In 1997, the FDA approved of a claim that intake of at least 3.0 g of β-glucan from oats per day decreased absorption of dietary cholesterol and reduced the risk of coronary heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • These studies show that there is a possibility that beta glucans can: reduce the risk of coronary heart disease by lowering blood cholesterol levels.Many oat cereals have been shown to contain beta-glucans, which can help to lower cholesterol. (earthturns.com)
  • EFSA Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to oat beta-glucan and lowering blood cholesterol and reduced risk of (coronary) heart disease pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 can be found here . (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • It serves as a pharmacological target for antifungal drugs such as caspofungin , anidulafungin , and micafungin , deemed 1,3-Beta-glucan synthase inhibitors . (wikipedia.org)
  • This is the glycosyltransferase 48 family, which consists of various 1,3-beta-glucan synthase components including Gls1, Gls2, and Gls3 from yeast . (wikipedia.org)
  • also known as callose synthase catalyses the formation of a beta-1,3-glucan polymer that is a major component of the fungal cell wall . (wikipedia.org)
  • The nearly 50-fold increase in the 50% inhibitory concentration against glucan synthase was commensurate with the increase in whole-cell resistance. (asm.org)
  • R560-1C was cross-resistant to other inhibitors of C. albicans 1,3-beta-D-glucan synthase (aculeacin A, dihydropapulacandin, and others) but not to compounds with different modes of action. (asm.org)
  • We propose that the etg1-1 mutant gene encodes a subunit of the 1,3-beta-D-glucan synthase complex. (asm.org)
  • Therefore, the three enzymatic activities detected in situ reside in a unique protein component (i.e., cyclic beta-(1,2)-glucan synthase). (asm.org)
  • Beta Glucan maintains and supports a healthy immune response by the unique activation of a key receptor (Complement Receptor 3) on the surface of immune cells. (cleanse.net)
  • Linear beta-1,3-glucan and the small particle size (1-3 microns) interact directly with immune cells, whereas the mix of beta-1,3/1,6-glucan and other cell material from yeast clump together. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • For many years Glucans have been investigated (History) for these immune response modifying properties, particularly their ability to activate macrophage immune cells and NK-Cells, plus in turn, the T-Cells, and B-Cells including selected cytokines and complement. (betaglucan.org)
  • Beta-glucans make immune cells more aggressive, and increase the production of antibodies. (ergo-log.com)
  • NSC-24™ IMMUNITION Allergy Formula w/MG Beta Glucan nutritionally potentiates certain immune cells to reduce inappropriate immune cell responses to allergens from pathogens. (nsc24.com)