Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.
Glucose polymers consisting of a backbone of beta(1->3)-linked beta-D-glucopyranosyl units with beta(1->6) linked side chains of various lengths. They are a major component of the CELL WALL of organisms and of soluble DIETARY FIBER.
Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.
An interleukin-1 subtype that is synthesized as an inactive membrane-bound pro-protein. Proteolytic processing of the precursor form by CASPASE 1 results in release of the active form of interleukin-1beta from the membrane.
A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.
An endocellulase with specificity for the hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-glucosidic linkages in 1,3-beta-D-glucans including laminarin, paramylon, and pachyman.
A thin protein film on the surface of DENTAL ENAMEL. It is widely believed to result from the selective adsorption of precursor proteins present in SALIVA onto tooth surfaces, and to reduce microbial adherence to the TEETH.
An 11-kDa protein associated with the outer membrane of many cells including lymphocytes. It is the small subunit of the MHC class I molecule. Association with beta 2-microglobulin is generally required for the transport of class I heavy chains from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface. Beta 2-microglobulin is present in small amounts in serum, csf, and urine of normal people, and to a much greater degree in the urine and plasma of patients with tubular proteinemia, renal failure, or kidney transplants.
One of two major pharmacologically defined classes of adrenergic receptors. The beta adrenergic receptors play an important role in regulating CARDIAC MUSCLE contraction, SMOOTH MUSCLE relaxation, and GLYCOGENOLYSIS.
An integrin beta subunit of approximately 85-kDa in size which has been found in INTEGRIN ALPHAIIB-containing and INTEGRIN ALPHAV-containing heterodimers. Integrin beta3 occurs as three alternatively spliced isoforms, designated beta3A-C.
A highly branched glucan in starch.
1,4-alpha-D-Glucan-1,4-alpha-D-glucan 4-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase/dextrin 6 alpha-D-glucanohydrolase. An enzyme system having both 4-alpha-glucanotransferase (EC 2.4.1.25) and amylo-1,6-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.33) activities. As a transferase it transfers a segment of a 1,4-alpha-D-glucan to a new 4-position in an acceptor, which may be glucose or another 1,4-alpha-D-glucan. As a glucosidase it catalyzes the endohydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-D-glucoside linkages at points of branching in chains of 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues. Amylo-1,6-glucosidase activity is deficient in glycogen storage disease type III.
An enzyme that hydrolyzes 1,6-alpha-glucosidic branch linkages in glycogen, amylopectin, and their beta-limit dextrins. It is distinguished from pullulanase (EC 3.2.1.41) by its inability to attack pullulan and by the feeble action of alpha-limit dextrins. It is distinguished from amylopectin 6-glucanohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.69) by its action on glycogen. With EC 3.2.1.69, it produces the activity called "debranching enzyme". EC 3.2.1.68.
An exocellulase with specificity for 1,3-beta-D-glucasidic linkages. It catalyzes hydrolysis of beta-D-glucose units from the non-reducing ends of 1,3-beta-D-glucans, releasing GLUCOSE.
An unbranched glucan in starch.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a carbohydrate.
A factor synthesized in a wide variety of tissues. It acts synergistically with TGF-alpha in inducing phenotypic transformation and can also act as a negative autocrine growth factor. TGF-beta has a potential role in embryonal development, cellular differentiation, hormone secretion, and immune function. TGF-beta is found mostly as homodimer forms of separate gene products TGF-beta1, TGF-beta2 or TGF-beta3. Heterodimers composed of TGF-beta1 and 2 (TGF-beta1.2) or of TGF-beta2 and 3 (TGF-beta2.3) have been isolated. The TGF-beta proteins are synthesized as precursor proteins.
Cyclic GLUCANS consisting of six (6) glucopyranose units linked by 1,4-glycosidic bonds.
A thick-rooted perennial (Cichorium intybus) native to Europe but widely grown for its young leaves used as salad greens and for its roots, dried and ground-roasted, used to flavor or adulterate coffee. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Polysaccharides found in bacteria and in capsules thereof.
Polysaccharide isolated from the edible mushroom LENTINULA EDODES. The exact composition is unknown.
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
The space between the inner and outer membranes of a cell that is shared with the cell wall.
A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.
An integrin found in FIBROBLASTS; PLATELETS; MONOCYTES, and LYMPHOCYTES. Integrin alpha5beta1 is the classical receptor for FIBRONECTIN, but it also functions as a receptor for LAMININ and several other EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX PROTEINS.
A group of glucose polymers made by certain bacteria. Dextrans are used therapeutically as plasma volume expanders and anticoagulants. They are also commonly used in biological experimentation and in industry for a wide variety of purposes.
Also known as CD104 antigen, this protein is distinguished from other beta integrins by its relatively long cytoplasmic domain (approximately 1000 amino acids vs. approximately 50). Five alternatively spliced isoforms have been described.
A disaccharide consisting of two glucose units in an alpha (1-6) glycosidic linkage.
This intrgrin is a key component of HEMIDESMOSOMES and is required for their formation and maintenance in epithelial cells. Integrin alpha6beta4 is also found on thymocytes, fibroblasts, and Schwann cells, where it functions as a laminin receptor (RECEPTORS, LAMININ) and is involved in wound healing, cell migration, and tumor invasiveness.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Integrin beta chains combine with integrin alpha chains to form heterodimeric cell surface receptors. Integrins have traditionally been classified into functional groups based on the identity of one of three beta chains present in the heterodimer. The beta chain is necessary and sufficient for integrin-dependent signaling. Its short cytoplasmic tail contains sequences critical for inside-out signaling.
Medical practice or discipline that is based on the knowledge, cultures, and beliefs of the people in EAST ASIA.
A 44-kDa highly glycosylated plasma protein that binds phospholipids including CARDIOLIPIN; APOLIPOPROTEIN E RECEPTOR; membrane phospholipids, and other anionic phospholipid-containing moieties. It plays a role in coagulation and apoptotic processes. Formerly known as apolipoprotein H, it is an autoantigen in patients with ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID ANTIBODIES.
A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from the human tooth surface. Strains have been shown to be cariogenic in experimental animals and may be associated with human dental caries.
Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.
Carbohydrates consisting of between two (DISACCHARIDES) and ten MONOSACCHARIDES connected by either an alpha- or beta-glycosidic link. They are found throughout nature in both the free and bound form.
A mass spectrometric technique that is used for the analysis of a wide range of biomolecules, such as glycoalkaloids, glycoproteins, polysaccharides, and peptides. Positive and negative fast atom bombardment spectra are recorded on a mass spectrometer fitted with an atom gun with xenon as the customary beam. The mass spectra obtained contain molecular weight recognition as well as sequence information.
Integrin alpha4beta1 is a FIBRONECTIN and VCAM-1 receptor present on LYMPHOCYTES; MONOCYTES; EOSINOPHILS; NK CELLS and thymocytes. It is involved in both cell-cell and cell- EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX adhesion and plays a role in INFLAMMATION, hematopoietic cell homing and immune function, and has been implicated in skeletal MYOGENESIS; NEURAL CREST migration and proliferation, lymphocyte maturation and morphogenesis of the PLACENTA and HEART.
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
An integrin found on fibroblasts, platelets, endothelial and epithelial cells, and lymphocytes where it functions as a receptor for COLLAGEN and LAMININ. Although originally referred to as the collagen receptor, it is one of several receptors for collagen. Ligand binding to integrin alpha2beta1 triggers a cascade of intracellular signaling, including activation of p38 MAP kinase.
A subclass of beta-adrenergic receptors (RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC, BETA). The adrenergic beta-2 receptors are more sensitive to EPINEPHRINE than to NOREPINEPHRINE and have a high affinity for the agonist TERBUTALINE. They are widespread, with clinically important roles in SKELETAL MUSCLE; LIVER; and vascular, bronchial, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary SMOOTH MUSCLE.
A linear polysaccharide of beta-1->4 linked units of ACETYLGLUCOSAMINE. It is the second most abundant biopolymer on earth, found especially in INSECTS and FUNGI. When deacetylated it is called CHITOSAN.
The sequence of carbohydrates within POLYSACCHARIDES; GLYCOPROTEINS; and GLYCOLIPIDS.
A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.
A beta-D-glucan obtained from the Aphyllophoral fungus Schizophyllum commune. It is used as an immunoadjuvant in the treatment of neoplasms, especially tumors found in the stomach.
The mineral component of bones and teeth; it has been used therapeutically as a prosthetic aid and in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
A mitosporic fungal genus occasionally causing human diseases such as pulmonary infections, mycotic keratitis, endocarditis, and opportunistic infections. Its teleomorph is BYSSOCHLAMYS.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A key intermediate in carbohydrate metabolism. Serves as a precursor of glycogen, can be metabolized into UDPgalactose and UDPglucuronic acid which can then be incorporated into polysaccharides as galactose and glucuronic acid. Also serves as a precursor of sucrose lipopolysaccharides, and glycosphingolipids.
A family of transmembrane glycoproteins (MEMBRANE GLYCOPROTEINS) consisting of noncovalent heterodimers. They interact with a wide variety of ligands including EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX PROTEINS; COMPLEMENT, and other cells, while their intracellular domains interact with the CYTOSKELETON. The integrins consist of at least three identified families: the cytoadhesin receptors(RECEPTORS, CYTOADHESIN), the leukocyte adhesion receptors (RECEPTORS, LEUKOCYTE ADHESION), and the VERY LATE ANTIGEN RECEPTORS. Each family contains a common beta-subunit (INTEGRIN BETA CHAINS) combined with one or more distinct alpha-subunits (INTEGRIN ALPHA CHAINS). These receptors participate in cell-matrix and cell-cell adhesion in many physiologically important processes, including embryological development; HEMOSTASIS; THROMBOSIS; WOUND HEALING; immune and nonimmune defense mechanisms; and oncogenic transformation.
A soluble factor produced by MONOCYTES; MACROPHAGES, and other cells which activates T-lymphocytes and potentiates their response to mitogens or antigens. Interleukin-1 is a general term refers to either of the two distinct proteins, INTERLEUKIN-1ALPHA and INTERLEUKIN-1BETA. The biological effects of IL-1 include the ability to replace macrophage requirements for T-cell activation.
Integrin beta-1 chains which are expressed as heterodimers that are noncovalently associated with specific alpha-chains of the CD49 family (CD49a-f). CD29 is expressed on resting and activated leukocytes and is a marker for all of the very late activation antigens on cells. (from: Barclay et al., The Leukocyte Antigen FactsBook, 1993, p164)
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.
A cell surface receptor mediating cell adhesion to the EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX and to other cells via binding to LAMININ. It is involved in cell migration, embryonic development, leukocyte activation and tumor cell invasiveness. Integrin alpha6beta1 is the major laminin receptor on PLATELETS; LEUKOCYTES; and many EPITHELIAL CELLS, and ligand binding may activate a number of signal transduction pathways. Alternative splicing of the cytoplasmic domain of the alpha6 subunit (INTEGRIN ALPHA6) results in the formation of A and B isoforms of the heterodimer, which are expressed in a tissue-specific manner.
Mushrooms in the order AGARICALES containing B vitamins, cortinelin, and the polysaccharide LENTINAN.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
Cyclic GLUCANS consisting of eight (8) glucopyranose units linked by 1,4-glycosidic bonds.
A subclass of beta-adrenergic receptors (RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC, BETA). The adrenergic beta-1 receptors are equally sensitive to EPINEPHRINE and NOREPINEPHRINE and bind the agonist DOBUTAMINE and the antagonist METOPROLOL with high affinity. They are found in the HEART, juxtaglomerular cells, and in the central and peripheral nervous systems.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
A homologous group of cyclic GLUCANS consisting of alpha-1,4 bound glucose units obtained by the action of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase on starch or similar substrates. The enzyme is produced by certain species of Bacillus. Cyclodextrins form inclusion complexes with a wide variety of substances.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Integrin alpha1beta1 functions as a receptor for LAMININ and COLLAGEN. It is widely expressed during development, but in the adult is the predominant laminin receptor (RECEPTORS, LAMININ) in mature SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, where it is important for maintenance of the differentiated phenotype of these cells. Integrin alpha1beta1 is also found in LYMPHOCYTES and microvascular endothelial cells, and may play a role in angiogenesis. In SCHWANN CELLS and neural crest cells, it is involved in cell migration. Integrin alpha1beta1 is also known as VLA-1 and CD49a-CD29.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.
A family of glycosidases that hydrolyse crystalline CELLULOSE into soluble sugar molecules. Within this family there are a variety of enzyme subtypes with differing substrate specificities that must work together to bring about complete cellulose hydrolysis. They are found in structures called CELLULOSOMES.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
A highly caustic substance that is used to neutralize acids and make sodium salts. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
A glycogen synthase kinase that was originally described as a key enzyme involved in glycogen metabolism. It regulates a diverse array of functions such as CELL DIVISION, microtubule function and APOPTOSIS.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
A gram-positive organism found in dental plaque, in blood, on heart valves in subacute endocarditis, and infrequently in saliva and throat specimens. L-forms are associated with recurrent aphthous stomatitis.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
A class of animal lectins that bind to carbohydrate in a calcium-dependent manner. They share a common carbohydrate-binding domain that is structurally distinct from other classes of lectins.
One of the ESTROGEN RECEPTORS that has greater affinity for ISOFLAVONES than ESTROGEN RECEPTOR ALPHA does. There is great sequence homology with ER alpha in the DNA-binding domain but not in the ligand binding and hinge domains.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A family of gram-negative bacteria which are saprophytes, symbionts, or plant pathogens.
A subtype of transforming growth factor beta that is synthesized by a wide variety of cells. It is synthesized as a precursor molecule that is cleaved to form mature TGF-beta 1 and TGF-beta1 latency-associated peptide. The association of the cleavage products results in the formation a latent protein which must be activated to bind its receptor. Defects in the gene that encodes TGF-beta1 are the cause of CAMURATI-ENGELMANN SYNDROME.
A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.
A unicellular budding fungus which is the principal pathogenic species causing CANDIDIASIS (moniliasis).
Polysaccharides consisting of mannose units.
A subclass of beta-adrenergic receptors (RECEPTORS, ADRENERGIC, BETA). The beta-3 adrenergic receptors are the predominant beta-adrenergic receptor type expressed in white and brown ADIPOCYTES and are involved in modulating ENERGY METABOLISM and THERMOGENESIS.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
The clumping together of suspended material resulting from the action of AGGLUTININS.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.
Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.
Brain waves with frequency between 15-30 Hz seen on EEG during wakefulness and mental activity.
Drugs that selectively bind to and activate beta-adrenergic receptors.
The protein components of enzyme complexes (HOLOENZYMES). An apoenzyme is the holoenzyme minus any cofactors (ENZYME COFACTORS) or prosthetic groups required for the enzymatic function.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.

Increase of hematopoietic responses by triple or single helical conformer of an antitumor (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan preparation, Sonifilan, in cyclophosphamide-induced leukopenic mice. (1/753)

It has been suggested that the immunopharmacological activity of soluble (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan depends on its conformation in mice. In this study, we examined the relationship between the conformation of Sonifilan (SPG) and hematopietic responses in cyclophosphamide (Cy)-induced leukopenic mice. SPG, a high molecular weight (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan, has a triple helical conformation in water, and it was changed by treatment with aqueous sodium hydroxide to the single helical conformer (SPG-OH). The effects of SPG or SPG-OH on hematopoietic responses in cyclophosphamide induced leukopenic mice were investigated by monitoring i) gene expression of cytokines by RT-PCR, ii) protein synthesis of interleukin 6 (IL-6) by ELISA and iii) colony formation of bone marrow cells (BMC). The mice administered Cy and SPG or SPG-OH expressed and produced higher levels of IL-6 mRNA and protein than the mice administered only Cy. Gene expression of NK1.1 was also induced by Cy/SPG (or SPG-OH) treatment. Induced gene expression of stem cell factor (SCF) and macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) by SPG/SPG-OH were also found in in vitro culture of BMC from Cy treated mice. These results strongly suggested that conformation of the glucans, single and triple helix, are independent of the hematopietic response.  (+info)

(1-->3)-beta-D-glucan may contribute to pollen sensitivity. (2/753)

The amount of (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan in pollen from different plants was evaluated using the Limulus assay with a specific lysate. The amount ranged from 79 to 1800 ng/10(6) pollen. A calculation of the inhaled dose suggests that the amount of (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan present during periods with a high pollen content in the air exceeds levels that cause airways inflammation.  (+info)

Promotion of neutrophil chemotaxis through differential regulation of beta 1 and beta 2 integrins. (3/753)

Migration of neutrophils requires sequential adhesive and deadhesive interactions between beta 1 and beta 2 integrins and components of the extracellular matrix. Prompted by reports that describe interaction of soluble beta-glucan with the beta 2 integrin Mac-1, a role for beta-glucan in regulation of integrin-mediated migration was investigated. Neutrophil migration in response to fMLP was assessed using an agarose overlay method with slides precoated with fibronectin (Fn) +/- beta-glucan. On Fn, random migration in excess of directed migration was observed. In contrast, migration on Fn + beta-glucan was directional, with marked diminution of random migration. This conversion of random to directed migration was seen neither when Fn was supplemented with alternative polysaccharides nor when beta-glucan was applied to other components of the extracellular matrix. This effect of beta-glucan was shown to be cation dependent and to be effected by Arg-Gly-Asp-containing peptides consistent with an integrin-mediated event. mAb inhibition studies demonstrate that beta-glucan effects this shift toward directed migration through suppression of migration mediated by Mac-1 and very late Ag 5 and enhancement of very late Ag 3-mediated migration. Adhesion assays suggest that the prochemotactic influence of beta-glucan is due, in part but not entirely, to modulation of PMN adhesion to Fn. In summary, these data support a novel role for beta-glucan in regulation of beta 1- and beta 2-mediated neutrophil migration on Fn.  (+info)

Airways inflammation among workers in a paper industry. (4/753)

Exposure to organic dusts may cause airways inflammation in a large proportion of exposed persons. Most studies have relied on questionnaires and spirometry for diagnosis. To assess the possibility of determining the presence of inflammation using clinical diagnostic procedures, a study was undertaken among workers in a paper industry. Participants were 83 workers and 44 controls. Airborne endotoxin and (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan levels at the worksites were determined. The effects of this exposure were evaluated using a questionnaire, spirometry and measurements of airway responsiveness (methacholine) and levels of eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in serum. The workers had a decreased baseline forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) and an increased airway responsiveness compared with controls. The concentrations of ECP and MPO were elevated compared with controls. There was a relation between exposure to endotoxin and (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan and airway responsiveness as well as ECP levels, when controlling for age, sex, smoking habits, atopy and asthma. The results suggest an increased prevalence of subjective respiratory symptoms, and an increased airway responsiveness among exposed workers. There was also a relationship between the serum concentration of eosinophil cationic protein and airway responsiveness. Taken together, the results suggest the presence of airways inflammation in the workers.  (+info)

[Fungal infection in patients with serious disease. Risk analysis of fungal infection]. (5/753)

BACKGROUND: Candidemia is still a major source of high morbidity and mortality in severely disease patients. However, the etiology and risk factor is still unknown. PURPOSE: To evaluate the risk factor of fungal infection in intensive care patients. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: 505 patients who stayed in the intensive care unit of the Critical Care Center, Kyorin University more than 10 days between May 1, 1997 to June 31, 1998 were studied. They were divided into 7 groups: 1) trauma (injury severity score<10), 2) burn (burn index<10), 3) cerebro-vascular disease (unconsciousness15), were in a coma, and had severe injury of lung parenchyme with chest AIS 3 or higher. In these serious patients, it is necessary to make a rapid diagnosis and treatment based on the surveillance culture and serological examination of sputum and urine for occult fungal infection.  (+info)

Cyclic organization of the carbohydrate metabolism in Sinorhizobium meliloti. (6/753)

The pathways of polysaccharide biosynthesis were investigated in cells of Sinorhizobium meliloti (strain Su47) using a stable isotope approach. The isotopic labeling of the periplasmic beta-1,2-glucans synthesized from glucose labeled at various positions evidenced the involvement of catabolic pathways, namely the pentose-phosphate and Entner-Doudoroff pathways, into the early steps of polysaccharide synthesis. The exopolysaccharides produced at the same time had a labeling pattern similar to that of the beta-glucans, indicating similar early steps for both polysaccharides. The results emphasized a cyclic organization of the carbohydrate metabolism in S. meliloti, in which the carbons of the initial hexose were allowed to re-enter the catabolic pathways many times. The metabolic incidences of such metabolic topology are discussed.  (+info)

Effect of administration of oat beta-glucan on immune parameters of healthy and immunosuppressed beef steers. (7/753)

In order to assess the effect of oat beta-glucan (ObetaG) administration on immune parameters of beef steers, 3 experiments were carried out. In experiment 1, the in vitro effect of ObetaG on the proliferation of blood lymphocytes, with or without the presence of dexamethasone (DXM), was evaluated. In experiment 2, groups of 12 healthy steers were administered ObetaG or saline solution and immunized with ovalbumin (OVA). Immune parameters studied included IgG antibody levels to OVA, proliferation responses of blood lymphocytes to OVA, and blood leukocyte differential cell counts. For experiment 3, groups of 10 steers were treated with ObetaG and DXM, DXM only, or saline solution, and immunized with OVA and keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). Serum antibody responses to OVA and KLH, serum IgG concentration levels, blastogenic responses of blood lymphocytes to OVA and KLH, differential blood leukocyte numbers, and iron and zinc concentration in serum were tested to evaluate the effect of ObetaG to overcome immunosuppression. The in vitro treatment of naive blood lymphocytes with ObetaG did not increase their ability to proliferate; however, when ObetaG was added to cultures of DXM-treated lymphocytes, a significant (P < 0.05 to P < 0.001) reversion of the immunosuppressive effect of DXM occurred. Administration of ObetaG to clinically healthy steers did not induce significant changes on any of the immune parameters studied. The administration of ObetaG to DXM-treated steers provoked, on Day 25, a significant increase in IgG anti-OVA (P < 0.01) and anti-KLH (P < 0.05) responses vs the DXM only group. On Day 25, the specific proliferation responses of lymphocytes, to both OVA and KLH, were significantly increased (P < 0.05) in ObetaG+DXM group compared to DXM group. On Day 4, a significant increase in the number of leukocytes (P < 0.01) and neutrophils (P < 0.001), and a significant decrease in the number of monocytes (P < 0.05) were observed in the group treated with DXM only compared to ObetaG+DXM group. No significant differences were observed in iron and zinc concentration between ObetaG+DXM and DXM groups. These results indicated that ObetaG did not influence immune responses of naive cells in vitro or of healthy steers in vivo; however, when cells or animals were treated with DXM, ObetaG significantly restored some of the specific and non-specific immune parameters studied.  (+info)

Clinical evaluation of diagnostic methods using plasma and/or serum for three mycoses: aspergillosis, candidosis, and pneumocystosis. (8/753)

Clinical evaluation was retrospectively made of the results of serological diagnostic methods using plasma and/or sera of patients for the diagnosis of aspergillosis, candidosis, and pneumocystosis. Specimens were drawn from 8 patients with invasive aspergillosis, 3 with aspergilloma, 9 with candidosis, 4 with pneumocystosis, and 15 with no fungal infections. In invasive aspergillosis, the sensitivities of the (1-3)-beta-D-glucan measurement test using chromogenic and turbidimetric methods were 78.6% and 82.1%, with specificities of 75% and 87.5%, respectively. The sensitivity of the Pastorex Aspergillus test for invasive aspergillosis was 16.7%, with a specificity of 92.3%. In candidosis, the sensitivities of the (1-3)-bata-D-glucan test using the above two methods were 84.2% and 100%, with specificities of 75% and 87.5%, respectively. The sensitivity of the CAND-TEC test and the Pastorex Candida test for candidosis were 68.8% and 16.7%, with specificities of 57.1% and 100%, respectively. These results indicate that the (1-3)-bata-D-glucan measurement methods are more reliable in clinical application than the other antigen detection methods, but they still lack efficiency in differentiating fungal infections such as aspergillosis, candidosis and pneumocystosis. For a more exact diagnosis of systemic fungal infections, detailed studies on the clinical symptoms are considered essential.  (+info)

Prebiotics, such as short- and long-chain fructo-oligosaccharides are fermented by the microflora colonizing the gastrointestinal tract, and they selectively stimulate the growth or the activity of one or limited number of bacteria within the intestine. Beta-glucans are polysaccharides occurring in the bran of cereal grains, the cell wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and bacteria, certain types of fungi, seaweed and many kinds of mushrooms. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of the potential prebiotic beta-glucan on the intestinal microflora, the bacterial enzyme activity (beta-glucuronidase and beta-glucosidase) in the faeces, the faecal pH, and the concentration of faecal short-chain fatty acid in polypectomized patients ...
Yeast Beta Glucan Oat Beta Glucan Beta Glucan Beta-1,3/1,6-D-glucan Beta-1,3/1,4-D-glucan Beta-1,3-D-glucan Yeast Beta Glucan Powder Oat Beta Glucan Powder
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of (1→3), (1→6)-β-D-glucan behavior in human dermal fibroblast cells under serum starvation. AU - Woo, Yeon I.. AU - Son, Hyun Joo. AU - Lim, Hye Ryeon. AU - Lee, Mi Hee. AU - Baek, Hyun Sook. AU - Tsubaki, Kazufumi. AU - Park, Jong Chul. PY - 2007. Y1 - 2007. N2 - Glucans have been reported to stimulate immunity and to promote wound healing. Adult human dermal fibroblast (aHDF) cultured in serum free (serum-starvation). Proliferation of aHDF was measured at various concentrations of β-glucan by MTT assay, and migration was observed for 36h on microscope. The result of fibroblast bioassay, β-glucan had positive influence. In this study, the direct effects of β-glucan on proliferation and migration of human dermal fibroblasts were examined in vitro. That means β-D-glucan has the effect to enhance proliferation and aHDF migration speed, and has the potential as a wound healing agent.. AB - Glucans have been reported to stimulate immunity and to promote wound ...
250 mg of Beta-Glucans Supports Normal Immune Function* With Larch Arabinogalactan Beta-1,3/1,6 D-Glucan (Beta-Glucans) is a bioactive carbohydrate derived from
β-(1,3)/(1,6) D-glucan, a component of the fungal cell wall, has been shown to stimulate the immune system, enhance hematopoiesis, amplify killing of opsonized tumor cells and increase neutrophil chemotaxis and adhesion. In view of these attributes, the β-glucans should be studied for both their therapeutic efficacy in patients with cancer as well as an adjunctive therapy in patients receiving chemotherapy as a maneuver to limit suppression of hematopoiesis. In this study, twenty patients with advanced malignancies receiving chemotherapy were given a β-(1,3)/(1,6) D-glucan preparation (MacroForce plus IP6, ImmuDyne, Inc.) and monitored for tolerability and effect on hematopoiesis. Our results lead us to conclude that β-glucan is well-tolerated in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, may have a beneficial effect on hematopoiesis in these patients and should be studied further, especially in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and lymphoma.
A glucan molecule is a polysaccharide of D-glucose monomers, linked by glycosidic bonds. Many beta-glucans are medically important. They represent a drug target for antifungal medications of the echinocandin class. The following are glucans: (The α- and β- and numbers clarify the type of O-glycosidic bond.) dextran, α-1,6-glucan with α-1,3-branches floridean starch, α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucan glycogen, α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucan pullulan, α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucan starch, a mixture of amylose and amylopectin, both α-1,4- and α-1,6-glucans cellulose, β-1,4-glucan chrysolaminarin, β-1,3-glucan curdlan, β-1,3-glucan laminarin, β-1,3- and β-1,6-glucan lentinan, a strictly purified β-1,6:β-1,3-glucan from Lentinus edodes lichenin, β-1,3- and β-1,4-glucan oat beta-glucan, β-1,3- and β-1,4-glucan pleuran, β-1,3- and β-1,6-glucan isolated from Pleurotus ostreatus zymosan, β-1,3-glucan Properties of glucans include resistance to oral acids/enzyme and water insolubility. Glucans ...
Soluble fiber known as beta-D-glucan. These compounds are usually referred to as beta-glucans, and they comprise a class of non-digestible polysaccharides widely found in nature in such sources as oats, barley, yeast, bacteria, algae and mushrooms. Oat beta-glucan is a soluble fiber located mainly in cell walls that is a viscous polysaccharide made up of units of the sugar D-glucose. Studies have shown that a healthy diet that includes beta-glucan can aid in maintaining normal levels of blood cholesterol and glucose.. The exact mechanism of beta-glucans possible hypocholesterolemic effect is not clear. It appears to promote increased excretion of bile acids, which could help explain its possible cholesterol moderating activity. Beta-glucan may also promote cholesterol clearance from the plasma via reverse cholesterol transport.. The mechanism of the glucose-regulatory activity of beta-glucan is also not well understood. Beta-glucan may delay gastric emptying time and consequently affect the ...
Soluble fiber known as beta-D-glucan. These compounds are usually referred to as beta-glucans, and they comprise a class of non-digestible polysaccharides widely found in nature in such sources as oats, barley, yeast, bacteria, algae and mushrooms. Oat beta-glucan is a soluble fiber located mainly in cell walls that is a viscous polysaccharide made up of units of the sugar D-glucose. Studies have shown that a healthy diet that includes beta-glucan can aid in maintaining normal levels of blood cholesterol and glucose.. The exact mechanism of beta-glucans possible hypocholesterolemic effect is not clear. It appears to promote increased excretion of bile acids, which could help explain its possible cholesterol moderating activity. Beta-glucan may also promote cholesterol clearance from the plasma via reverse cholesterol transport.. The mechanism of the glucose-regulatory activity of beta-glucan is also not well understood. Beta-glucan may delay gastric emptying time and consequently affect the ...
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A search for genes which, at elevated copy number, could suppress the growth defect in a strain disrupted at the KRE9 locus has identified the SKN7 gene. SKN7 was mapped to the right arm of chromosome VIII and is predicted to encode a 70-kDa protein, Skn7p, with a region of homology to the DNA binding domain of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae heat shock transcription factor, Hsf1p. Skn7p also has a domain which shows similarity to the prokaryotic receiver modules found on an extensive family of two-component response regulators, including the products of the rcsC and barA genes. SKN7 did not suppress other mutations in the (1--,6)-beta-glucan biosynthetic pathway, suggesting that SKN7 does not act as a general bypass suppressor of this glucan. ...
A characterization of the S. cerevisiae KRE6 and SKN1 gene products extends previous genetic studies on their role in (1--,6)-beta-glucan biosynthesis (Roemer, T., and H. Bussey. 1991. Yeast beta-glucan synthesis: KRE6 encodes a predicted type II membrane protein required for glucan synthesis in vivo and for glucan synthase activity in vitro. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 88:11295-11299; Roemer, T., S. Delaney, and H. Bussey. 1993. SKN1 and KRE6 define a pair of functional homologs encoding putative membrane proteins involved in beta-glucan synthesis. Mol. Cell. Biol. 13:4039-4048). KRE6 and SKN1 are predicted to encode homologous proteins that participate in assembly of the cell wall polymer (1--,6)-beta-glucan. KRE6 and SKN1 encode phosphorylated integral-membrane glycoproteins, with Kre6p likely localized within a Golgi subcompartment. Deletion of both these genes is shown to result in a dramatic disorganization of cell wall ultrastructure. Consistent with their direct role in the assembly of ...
To investigate the role of β-(1-3)-D-glucan on 99mTc labelled Escherichia coli translocation and cytokines secretion in rats submitted to small bowel ischemia/reperfusion injury. Methods: Five groups (n=10 each) of Wistar rats were subjected to control(C), sham(S), group IR subjected to 45 min of bowel ischemia/60 min of reperfusion(I/R), and group I/R+glucan subjected to 45 min of bowel ischemia/60 min of reperfusion(I/R) and injected with 2mg/Kg intramuscular. Translocation of labelled bacteria to mesenteric lymph nodes, liver, spleen, lung and serum was determined using radioactivity/count and colony forming units/g(CFU/g). Serum TNFα, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10 were measured by ELISA. Results: CFU/g and radioactivity/count were higher in I/R than in I/R+glucan rats. In C, S and S+glucan groups, bacteria and radioactivity/count were rarely detected. The I/R+glucan rats had enhancement of IL-10 and suppressed production of serum TNFα, IL-1β and, IL-6, compared to I/R untreated animals. ...
Associates of Cape Cod,Inc.(ACC),manufactures the Fungitell® Assay,the Gold Standard in Rapid Screening For Invasive Fungal Infection (IFI).Fungitell® is the first and only FDA-cleared & CE marked rapid in vitro diagnostic screening test for IFI (including Candida, Aspergillus & Pneumocystis) that detects (1→3)-β-D-Glucan in serum. ACC operates Beacon Diagnostics® Laboratory, a CLIA-certified reference laboratory specializing in (1→3)-β-D-Glucan analysis services to support the diagnosis (IFI).. ...
2. Plasma (1→3)-ß-D-glucan and fungal antigenemia in patients with candidemia, aspergillosis, and cryptococcosis.. T Miyazaki, S Kohno, K Mitsutake, S Maesaki, K Tanaka, N Ishikawa, and K Hara. Second Department of Internal Medicine, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Japan. (1→3)-ß-D-Glucan is one of the major structural components of fungi, and it seems that it can be detected by the fractionated (1→3)-ß-D-glucan-sensitive component from a Limulus lysate, factor G. We evaluated the concentration of (1→3)-ß-D-glucan by using factor G and other fungal antigens in 24 patients with clinical evidence of mycosis and 36 healthy subjects. The mean concentration of (1→3)-ß-D-glucan in the plasma of the healthy subjects was found to be 2.7 +/- 1.9 pg/mL (range, < 6.9 pg/mL), and it was found to be substantially higher in all 11 patients with candidemia (mean, 2,207.4 pg/mL; range, 325.4 to 8,449.0 pg/mL). Eight of those 11 patients with candidemia (73%) were positive for the Cand-Tec ...
NOW® Beta-1,3/1,6-D-Glucan (beta-glukan)je bioaktivni polisaharid, izoliran iz celične stene pivskega kvasa (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). Znanstvene študije ...
Read Structure-function relationships of β- D-glucan endo- and exohydrolases from higher plants, Plant Molecular Biology on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
beta-Glucans: Glucose polymers consisting of a backbone of beta(1->3)-linked beta-D-glucopyranosyl units with beta(1->6) linked side chains of various lengths. They are a major component of the CELL WALL of organisms and of soluble DIETARY FIBER.
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Invasive candidiasis is associated with high mortality, particularly in adults. Retrospective studies show that shorter times to treatment are correlated with a lower risk of death. A number of factors can be used to predict which patients would benefit from antifungal prophylaxis or early (pre-emptive or empirical) therapy. Detection of the fungal cell wall component (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan (BDG) shows promise as an early biomarker of invasive fungal infection and may be useful in identifying patients who would benefit from early antifungal treatment. To date, no consistent early treatment strategy has evolved. Proof-of-concept studies are needed to assess the role of pre-emptive and empirical therapy in ICU patients and the relevance of BDG as an early marker of infection ...
Three different families of pattern recognition receptors, toll-like (TLRs), Nod-like (NLRs), and RIG-I-like, initiate innate immunity, the inborn host response to common pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi. These receptors recognize and bind pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) such as viral DNA and RNA, or bacterial and fungal cell wall components. PAMP-receptor binding activates the innate immune response, initiates downstream signaling, and induces expression of inflammatory cytokines as well as the type-I interferon response. The innate immune system attracts immune cells to the site of infection, and activates the adaptive immune response. This initial immune response is essential to combat a novel foreign pathogen. Dysregulation of innate immune processes can lead to widespread infection, sepsis, and immunodeficiencies ...
Three different families of pattern recognition receptors, toll-like (TLRs), Nod-like (NLRs), and RIG-I-like, initiate innate immunity, the inborn host response to common pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi. These receptors recognize and bind pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) such as viral DNA and RNA, or bacterial and fungal cell wall components. PAMP-receptor binding activates the innate immune response, initiates downstream signaling, and induces expression of inflammatory cytokines as well as the type-I interferon response. The innate immune system attracts immune cells to the site of infection, and activates the adaptive immune response. This initial immune response is essential to combat a novel foreign pathogen. Dysregulation of innate immune processes can lead to widespread infection, sepsis, and immunodeficiencies ...
The nutraceutical potential of β-d-glucan is largely dependent on its structure, size and viscosity. The present study analyzed the effect of germination and microwave processing of barley on the structural, size, antioxidant and thermal characteristics of β-d-glucan. The molecular weight and viscosity of β-d-glucan obtained from germinated barley (GGB) were the lowest (144kDa and 37.33cp) as comp ...
HKCA is a heat-killed preparation of Candida albicans. C. albicans is an opportunistic yeast that causes serious infections in immuno-compromised patients. Heat killing of this yeast result in the exposure of the beta-glucans on the surface of the cell wall and their subsequent recognition by the be
A strong immune system is vital to the preservation of your good health. Transfer Points Beta glucan has been subjected to rigorous studies at numerous universities, and is the most potent, best Beta Glucan available on the market today. Beta Glucan has been found to build the immune system. Your immune system is designed to fight off illness and disease, so it is important that you do everything possible to strengthen your immune system. This is the Beta Glucan recommended in the book Cancer Free by Bill Henderson. Beta Glucan also offers health benefits for the cardiovascular system, blood glucose levels, and weight management.Transfer Points Beta Glucan, has been demonstrated repeatedly to be the most potent and efficacious Beta 1,3D glucan available on the market today. ...
Cultivated for more than 1,000 years, these meaty, tender Chinese mushrooms have long served as both food and medicine. They owe their reputation as immunity boosters to a type of carbohydrate called beta-glucans. Unlike other immunity nutrients, beta-glucans dont create or regulate cells within your immune system. Instead, they act as a kind of decoy, boosting your bodys immune response. When you eat shiitakes, your immune system reacts as if a harmful substance is present and kicks into high gear to protect you. In a 2004 animal study of swine influenza virus, the group given beta-glucans before infection developed a much milder case of the flu than those untreated. While the swine flu virus study was not the same strain as the human H1N1 virus, the results show promise for beta-glucans ability to prevent and treat the flu ...
Immune builder is a full spectrum beta glucan formula, combining all of the beta glucan structures known to exist in medicinal mushrooms. This includes Beta 1-3 Glucan, Beta 1-6, 1-3 Glucan, Beta 1-4, 1-3, 1-6 Glucan and Beta 1-6 Glucan.. Each beta glucan utilizes a unique and distinct signaling pathway when when triggering or modulating the non-specific immune response. By combining all the known beta glucan configurations, we are utilizing all the known pathways and may be producing a more complex and effective immune response for daily immune support.*. Just one capsule twice a day, AM and PM, on an empty stomach, provides the full prophylactic dose of MaitakeGold, plus an additional 20% (the amount for daily tonic immune support is 4 mg twice a day, Immune Builder contains 5 mg of MaitakeGold in each capsule). Adding the other four beta glucan combinations, in addition to the Beta 1-6, 1-3 Glucan supplied by the Maitake, ensures best effect for daily immune support.*. Immune Builder is the ...
Transfer Points Beta glucan has an average of 91% Beta 1, 3D glucan content. No other company has matched the effectiveness of Transfer Points Glucan 300®
Accepted name: polysaccharide O-methyltransferase. Reaction: S-adenosyl-L-methionine + (1→4)-α-D-glucooligosaccharide = S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine + oligosaccharide containing 6-methyl-D-glucose units. Other name(s): polysaccharide methyltransferase; acylpolysacharide 6-methyltransferase; S-adenosyl-L-methionine:1,4-α-D-glucan 6-O-methyltransferase. Systematic name: S-adenosyl-L-methionine:(1→4)-α-D-glucan 6-O-methyltransferase. Links to other databases: BRENDA, EXPASY, KEGG, Metacyc, CAS registry number: 37205-56-4. References: 1. Ferguson, J.A. and Ballou, C.E. Biosynthesis of a mycobacterial lipopolysaccharide. Properties of the polysaccharide methyltransferase. J. Biol. Chem. 245 (1970) 4213-4223. [PMID: 5503262]. ...
Beta glucan is a fiber-type sugar molecule that can help control cholesterol levels. It is commonly found in bakers yeast, which is the richest concentrated source. It is the key ingredient in the cholesterol-lowering effect proven in oat bran. It is also found in wheat and barley and medicinal mushrooms.. If you have been diagnosed with high cholesterol, you will want-with the help of your doctor, of course-to consider all the possibilities for treatment in reducing those levels. Studies indicate that beta glucans are worth considering. On your own, incorporating them into your diet shouldnt be too difficult. Make the soups a bit more exotic in the variety of mushrooms you use and make them robust and thick with barley. Have oatmeal for breakfast in the cold weather. Try homemade bread with whole grains and let the bakers yeast raise the dough for you.. ...
If you have to cope with severe physical stress - for example, because you train hard - supplementation with beta glucans may at the same time reduce fatigue and keep your immune system strong. An animal study that recently appeared in the Open Biochemistry Journal suggests this.
Altered extent of cross-linking of beta1,6-glucosylated mannoproteins to chitin in Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants with reduced cell wall beta1,3-glucan conten
Beta-Glucan is a polysaccharide naturally found in bakers yeast and other natural foods. Yeast Beta-Glucan has the ability to enhance immune defenses, and may complement other nutrients to promote stronger immune health. Yeast Beta-Glucan helps promote better immunity for your childs continuous learning opportunities. For more information on Wellmune® Beta-Glucan please visit: http://www.wellmune.com/
A healthy component of beta-glucan pasta is able to fight against high cholesterol when consuming 3 grams per day. High cholesterol is a risk factor for coronary heart disease progression. Beta-glucan is a special squeezing of oats, a 100% natural ingredient which prevents heart attack. A niche product is meant to meet the demands of the target audience for the unique properties of a familiar product. The line of tomato, spinach, whole meal and buckwheat pasta was supplemented with oatmeal spaghetti and fusilli. LIVINGOOD are products that help to stay young and to feel good. The macaroni LIVINGOOD ingredients include natural vegetable and cereal supplements and oat beta-glucan. ...
DIABETICS: If you are concerned about glucan being a complex form of glucose, you need not be. Beta Glucan cannot harm anyone in any way. This includes those diabetics regarding his/her blood sugar issues. Many people get confused over the use of the term glucose. Our Beta Glucan products consists of a complex form of glucose. It is so complex that it may be referred to as a fiber. Since fiber (Beta Glucan) cannot be digested in the gut into simple sugars, it cannot be of any harm to diabetics. In fact, diabetics would enjoy the extra fiber in the diet.. ...
Oats are one of the quintessential foods of the traditional Scottish diet. In terms of health benefits they are best known for their fibre content, particularly their beta-glucan content. Less well known is that this humble grain contains a unique class of more than twenty polyphenols known as avenanthramides, not found in any other foods. In recent…
Beta glucans,is a natural water-soluble fiber (1,3/1,4) β-glucan, It is a viscous polysaccharide made up of units of the monosaccharide D-glucose.And its effects on health specifically on both serum cholesterol and blood glucose reduction is proven.
Increasing oats and beta-glucan extract intake has been associated with improved glycemic control, which is associated with the reduction in the development of diabetes. This study aims to assess the different effects between oat (whole and bran) and beta-glucan extract intake on glycemic control an …
Mushrooms contain long-chain polysaccharides, specifically alpha- and beta-glucans. These molecules have beneficial effects on your immune system. In fact, medications like penicillin, streptomycin, and tetracycline are all derived from fungal extracts ...
Immunity Essentials Get your essential dose of daily greens, minerals like vitamin C & beta glutens, protein and more to boost your immunity to combat todays modern challenges. Immunity Fuel $3.50 per serving ($28.00 per 8-pack) Packed with mushrooms, zinc, vitamin C, beta-glucans and more to protect and support y
The chemical reactions and pathways resulting in the formation of (1-|3)-beta-D-glucans, compounds composed of glucose residues linked by (1-|3)-beta-D-glucosidic bonds.
For just-weaned piglets, it is essential to receive protein sources that are highly digestible. Not every source is available everywhere, due to legislation restrictions. Yeast-derived protein does not have harmful side effects and is well-researched.
Ok, question for everyone. I figured out today that whole grain pancakes with a sugar free syrup makes my bg jump. Was at 107 when I got up check level agai...
glucan sulfate: RN given refers to (1-3)-beta-D-glucan hydrogen sulfate; empirical formula of the glucan sulfate repeating unit is(C6-H10-O5)8 3SO3NH4(+) 4H2O; see also curdlan sulfate
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
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article{ab3ef644-40b6-47fb-887d-87e7b856268d, abstract = {Bread products with three different levels (35, 50 and 75%) of the (1 -> 3; 1 -> 4)-beta-glucan rich barley genotype Prowashonupana (PW), 50% common barley (CB) or 100% white wheat, were given as a breakfast meal to 10 men and their postprandial blood glucose and insulin responses were measured. In addition, the viscosity of (1 -> 3; 1 -> 4)-beta-glucans isolated from the pw flours was measured, and the fluidity characteristics of the (1 -> 3; 1 -> 4)-beta-glucans in the bread products estimated in in vitro enzymatic digests prepared under conditions simulating those prevailing in the gastrointestinal tract. Bread containing 50 and 75% PW flour lowered the glycaemic index (GI) (40 and 48%, respectively) and insulinaemic index (II) (37 and 34%) compared with a white wheat reference bread (GI = 100; 11 = 100). A high correlation (r = 0.9782; P = 0.0007) was found between the fluidity index (FI) of the enzymatic digests and ...
Immune response relies on the stimulation of macrophages white blood cells that scour the body on search and destroy missions targeting harmful bacteria. Unfortunately, these special forces are not always on duty - they must first be activated. And that s the role of beta-glucans. They give the go order to the body s macrophages. The more beta-glucans in the system, the more macrophages will be called into action. NOW Beta 1-3 Glucan formula is comprised of the most concentrated sources available Saccharomyces Cerevisae (the inner cell walls of baker s yeast) and Maitake mushroom. As research evolves, consumers are increasingly turning to beta-glucans to give their immune function added firepower ...
Beta Glucan is one of the most powerful immune enhancer known to science. A vital part of a good supplement program, there are many benefits in taking Beta Glucan. It strengthens our immune system, has anti-tumor activity, helps to normalize our blood fats, heals your skin, and supports normal blood sugar and insulin levels.. Beta Glucan is a chain of glucose molecules, found in foods like yeasts, oats, barley and mushrooms. Every time we eat these foods we consume beta glucan. We do not, however, consume enough of it in our daily diets to reap its excellent benefits.. Large white blood cells in our body, destroy bacteria, dead and dying cells, mutated cells, and other dangerous invaders in the blood stream. These white blood cells are the most important thing in our immune system and studies have proven that Beta Glucan strengthens and activates these cells.. Taking beta glucan is an excellent way to ensure you and your children are in the best possible health.. The results of numerous clinical ...
Cytokinesis is a crucial event in the cell cycle of all living cells. In fungal cells, it requires co-ordinated contraction of an actomyosin ring and synthesis of both plasmatic membrane and a septum structure that will constitute the new cell wall end. Schizosaccharomyces pombe contains four essential putative (1,3)β-d-glucan synthase catalytic subunits, Bgs1p to Bgs4p. Here we examined the function of Bgs1p in septation by studying the lethal phenotypes of bgs1(+) shut-off and bgs1Delta cells and demonstrated that Bgs1p is responsible and essential for linear (1,3)β-d-glucan and primary septum formation. bgs1(+) shut-off generates a more than 300-fold Bgs1p reduction, but the septa still present large amounts of disorganized linear (1,3)β-d-glucan and partial primary septa. Conversely, both structures are absent in bgs1Delta cells, where there is no Bgs1p. The septum analysis of bgs1(+)-repressed cells indicates that linear (1,3)β-d-glucan is necessary but not sufficient for primary septum ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - The beta-glucan receptor, dectin-1, is predominantly expressed on the surface of cells of the monocyte/macrophage and neutrophil lineages. AU - Taylor, Philip R. AU - Brown, Gordon D. AU - Reid, Delyth M. AU - Willment, Janet A. AU - Martinez-Pomares, Luisa. AU - Gordon, Siamon. AU - Wong, Simon Y C. PY - 2002. Y1 - 2002. N2 - We recently identified dectin-1 (betaGR) as a major beta-glucan receptor on leukocytes and demonstrated that it played a significant role in the non-opsonic recognition of soluble and particulate beta-glucans. Using a novel mAb (2A11) raised against betaGR, we show here that the receptor is not dendritic cell-restricted as first reported, but is broadly expressed, with highest surface expression on populations of myeloid cells (monocyte/macrophage (Mphi) and neutrophil lineages). Dendritic cells and a subpopulation of T cells also expressed the betaGR, but at lower levels. Alveolar Mphi, like inflammatory Mphi, exhibited the highest surface expression of ...
abstract = {The Drosophila immune system discriminates between various types of infections and activates appropriate signal transduction pathways to combat the invading microorganisms. The Toll pathway is required for the host response against fungal and most Gram-positive bacterial infections. The sensing of Gram-positive bacteria is mediated by the pattern recognition receptors PGRP-SA and GNBP1 that cooperate to detect the presence of infections in the host. Here, we report that GNBP3 is a pattern recognition receptor that is required for the detection of fungal cell wall components. Strikingly, we find that there is a second, parallel pathway acting jointly with GNBP3. The Drosophila Persephone protease activates the Toll pathway when proteolytically matured by the secreted fungal virulence factor PR1. Thus, the detection of fungal infections in Drosophila relies both on the recognition of invariant microbial patterns and on monitoring the effects of virulence factors on the host ...
Plants are sessile organisms surrounded by a wide range of microorganisms, including plant pathogens. However, infection is established between a limited combination of plants and pathogens because plants can detect the presence of many potential pathogens through common pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) or microbe-associated molecular patterns and subsequently mount a defense response called PAMP-triggered immunity (PTI) (He et al., 2007; Schwessinger and Zipfel, 2008). PAMPs include lipopolysaccharides, flagellin, and translation elongation factor Tu; all of these are released from bacterial pathogens (Nürnberger et al., 2004; Boller and Felix, 2009). Calcium-dependent cell wall transglutaminase and lipid-transfer proteins (elicitins) were identified as PAMPs from oomycetes (Nürnberger et al., 2004; Boller and Felix, 2009). Fungal cell wall components, such as β-glucan, ergosterol, and chitin, are also recognized as PAMPs (Nürnberger et al., 2004; Boller and Felix, 2009). In ...
BETA GLUCAN, CHRISTOPHER HERTZOG, $63.00. Beta Glucan - a 21st Century Miracle? This book is intended as a layman?s guide to Beta Glucan, which perhaps heralds one o...
General Information. Description:. Several types of beta-glucan-type polysaccharides are known, differing in molecular composition and, accordingly, in degree of activity. The most active substances are extracted from yeast, oat bran, barley and various grain crops, which are used most often in syrups form. The source is also often oats and wheat.. Extraction of component is a rather difficult chemical process. Raw materials require high-temperature conditioning to result in insoluble forms of substance. It is worth noting that particles are significantly different in size.. There is also a soluble form of Beta-Glucan. Both forms are actively used in the cosmetic industry. For example, insoluble part can be added to powder, and soluble - in creams, gels, lotions. Beta-glucan absolutely does not interfere with work of other elements of remedy. Moreover, it promotes faster absorption of cosmetics into skin.. Pharmachologic Effect:. Beta glucan is found in mushrooms, food yeast and in fiber of ...
In fission yeast, both cell wall growth and actin are somehow localized to the tips of the cell. On page ARTICLE, Katayama et al. report that Mok1 makes 1,3-α-d-glucan, one of the major components of the fission yeast cell wall, and that Mok1 is required for the correct localization of actin to the growing tips.. Katayama et al. isolate mok1 in a screen for temperature-sensitive mutants with aberrant morphology and sensitivity to the protein-kinase inhibitor staurosporine. (Protein kinase C activity is required for normal cell wall synthesis.) Actin is not at the growing tips of mok1ts cells, but in randomly distributed patches in the cortex.. Overproduction of Mok1 is lethal. Dividing cells lyse and single cells swell at one end due to an excess of actin and cell wall material at the cell tip. Whereas β-glucan levels decline somewhat under these conditions, levels of α-glucan rise threefold. In the mok1ts cells α-glucan levels are reduced.. These data are consistent with the sequence of ...
Oats were once considered a weed. And the benefits oat soluble fiber, especially oat beta-glucan, were unknown. These important benefits are discussed.
NOW® Beta-1,3/1,6-D-Glucan (Beta-Glucan) is a bioactive carbohydrate derived from the cell wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, commonly known as Bakers yeast. Scientific studies have shown that Beta-Glucan supports immune function through its ability to stimulate macrophage activity. NOW Beta-Glucan is blended into a synergistic base of Maitake Mushrooms for added power.*
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Beta glucan is a polysaccharide molecule found in several sources. For health purposes, its primary sources include oats, barley, mushrooms and yeast. Researchers have studied all forms of beta glucan, which is found in more than one linkage type. Linkages of (1-3), (1-4) and (1-6) linkages are known to occur. No one knows for sure…
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Transfer Point Beta Glucan is available in three sizes, to best fit your needs. Transfer Point Beta Glucan 100mg, 60cap bottle is ideal for maintenance doses.
Virtually no-one has heard of Beta Glucan, yet it’s one of the only products in the world known to fight both viral and bacterial infections. Beta Glucan
In the hospital system around the world, huge costs of hospitalization are connected to hibernation of the wound healing process. Biotec Pharmacon has found the solution, which they in collaboration with WeThink will raise awareness about on the international medical market.. Chronic wounds cost a lot of resources every day in home care and hospitals. A part from the economic perspective, the long duration of the wound treatment also has psychological consequences for the patients.. Norwegian Biotec Pharmacon ASA has, with their active substance Soluble Beta-Glucan (SBG), found a natural solution to treatment of chronic wounds. A solution that will save money for hospitals and improve the quality of life for patients. Copenhagen based WeThink will be in charge of the international branding of Soluble Beta-Glucan (SBG) and the wound care product Woulgan, which contains SBG.. Natures miracle cure - from fish pond to wound care. It all started in a fish pond in Tromsø, Norway back in 1987. In ...
Cell-free extracts from Saccharomyces cerevisiae catalyzed the incorporation of glucosyl residues from UDP-[U-14C]glucose into beta-1,3-glucans which contained a significant proportion of beta-1,6-glycosidic linkages. When GDP-[U-14C]glucose was used
Lectin that functions as pattern receptor specific for beta-1,3-linked and beta-1,6-linked glucans, such as cell wall constituents from pathogenic bacteria and fungi. Induces phosphorylation of SCIMP after binding beta-glucans (PubMed:27288407). Necessary for the TLR2-mediated inflammatory response and for TLR2-mediated activation of NF-kappa-B. Enhances cytokine production in macrophages and dendritic cells. Mediates production of reactive oxygen species in the cell. Mediates phagocytosis of C.albicans conidia. Binds T-cells in a way that does not involve their surface glycans and plays a role in T-cell activation. Stimulates T-cell proliferation. Induces phosphorylation of SCIMP after binding beta-glucans (PubMed:27288407).
MADE IN JAPAN This price have 30 Pack In Box (Beta Glucan) natural anti-cancer, diabetes, allergy, joint pain, kidney Road. Beta-glucan from
Beta GlucanTM. This Beta GlucanTM has the highest proven immunological benefits: Eight (8) times more effective than any mushroom based beta glucan, including the prescription products used thoughtout Asia, and 160 times more effective than many of the popular Internet products being sold.. This independent published research confirm the 3,000+ published studies on Beta GlucanTM over the past 30 years. The active ingredients in Beta GlucanTM are the 1,3 and 1,6 terminal linked glucose molecules. This is why advanced immune system products made from Beta GlucanTM are correctly known as Beta 1,3/1,6 Glucan. The effectiveness of a Beta GlucanTM product is determined by the actual amount of the 1,3 and1,6 terminal linked glucose molecules (know as Active Linkage) that are in the product. Only the 1,3 and 1,6 linkages have been proven to bind/dock with the CR3 immune system receptors that activate the tumoricidal (literally, tumor-killing) activities of the innate cells of the immune system, ...
Beta Glucan appears to be the most researched natural immune-modulator on the planet nowadays. Looking back, fungal and cereal items have been utilized for centuries aimed at cosmetic and medicinal purposes. The specific function of β-glucan, however, was not investigated until 1970. It was first noticed in lichens,
Three experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation of a ß-(1,3)(1,6)-D-glucan derived from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, on growth performance parameters and intestinal functionality in mirror carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) and on progression of a chronic, pre-existing mycobacteriosis in zebrafish (Danio rerio). The 1st experiment revealed that mirror carp fed diets containing 1% and 2% ß-glucan showed significant improvements in growth performance compared to fish fed both the control and the 0.1% ß-glucan containing diet. Equally, fish fed diets supplemented with 1% and 2% ß-glucan displayed significantly higher infiltration of leukocytes into the epithelial layer of in the anterior intestine. This effect was not observed in the posterior intestine. There were no significant differences in the intestinal absorptive surface area and number of goblet cells in either intestinal region. Compared to control fed fish, the haematocrit value was significantly ...
Beta Glucan from Jarrow Formulas offers branched ß1, 3 / ß 1, 6 glucans with 250 mg per serving. It helps support immune function by stimulation of NK cells, granu...
The impacts of molecular weight (MW), viscosity, and solubility of β-glucan on the rate of in vitro starch digestion and estimated glycemic index (GI) were evaluated. Extracted oat starch and β-glucan suspensions with high, medium, and low-MW were
Ingredients:Beta Glucan(1-3/1-6 with 1-4 linkages) (From the yeast [Saccharomyces cervisiae] cell wall), Other Ingredients: Rice flour, gelatin (capsule), stearic acid Directions:As a dietary supplement, take 1 capsule daily with water, preferably on an empty stomach.
Barley Beta Glucan Powder Manufacturers, Factory, Suppliers From China, Welcome to create the well and extensive standing business enterprise interactions with our business to produce a superb potential jointly. customers pleasure is our eternal pursuit!
Beta Glucan supplements can assist in building up a healthy immune system, especially at times of illness or stress. Free delivery from bodykind.
Beta glucan is a polysaccharide sugar commonly derived from yeast or oats. It has anti-redness, anti-irritant, antioxidant and wound healing abilities.
YEAST Beta Glucan is used to maintain or stimulate the effectiveness of the immune system and has a positive effect on cholesterol levels.
Skin regenerating beta glucan is blended with organic botanicals and vitamin c to create a pollution fighting moisturiser that protects skin from daily environmental stress.
Dr. Vaclav Vetvicka, PhD is the Worlds Leading Expert on Beta Glucan and has studied extensively how it affects your Immune System.
Shop for Source Naturals Beta Glucan at Pick n Save. Find quality health products to add to your Shopping List or order online for Delivery or Pickup.
The patented purification process, which separates our Beta Glucan from the competition was developed by AJ Lanigan. This extensive...
Africa Beta Glucan Market analysis offers latest trends, growth prospects, top players, market size, investment opportunities, future scope to 2023
ចំណាំ: ការប្រើប្រាស់ ម៉ាហ៊ូ បេតាគ្លូខិន ១.៣/១.៦​ ​(Maho Beta glucan 1.3/1.6) ដែលជាផលិតផលតែមួយគត់ របស់ប្រទេសជប៉ុន ពិតជាពុំមានប្រតិកម្ម ការឈឺចុកចាប់អ្វីទាំងអស់ដល់រាងកាយ។ ...
CLS Technology , 22-Aug-2016 , Technical / White Paper CLS Technology Betox-93™ Oyster Mushroom derived beta 1,3/1,6 D-glucan.At 93% purity level, Betox-93™ beta glucan offers better bio-availability and effectiveness.... ...
The latest market report published by Credence Research, Inc. Beta-glucan Market, By Source Type (Cereals-(Oats, Barley), Fungal & Microbial-(Mushroom, Yeast and Algae) & Others-(Dates, Peas etc.)), Application (Food & Beverage, Pharmaceutical, Cosmetics and Animal Feed) and By Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America and Middle East and Africa) - Growth, Future Prospects and Competitive Analysis, 2017 - 2025, the global beta-glucan market is expected to expand by 7.2% CAGR during 2017-2025.. Browse the full Beta-glucan Market - Growth, Future Prospects and Competitive Analysis, 2017 - 2025 report at http://www.credenceresearch.com/report/beta-glucan-market. Market Insights. Diets with high fibre levels are recommended through various researches as they results in reduced heart diseases & diabetes coupled with improved digestion. According to WHO, dietary fibre intake should be 25 gm. per day as worldwide recommendation. The growing concern for physiological health benefits ...
Effects of long term dietary administration of β-Glucan on the growth, survival and some blood parameters of striped catfish, Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Siluriformes: Pangasiidae)
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EMPERORS BLEND SUPER HEALTH & LONGEVITY If you want real results, you need a real product with lab certified Beta D-Glucan levels. Our Exclusive Emperors Blend Medicinal Mushrooms: Minimum 25% Beta D-Glucans. No fillers,starch or mycelium.
Dietary Supplement Purified Beta-1,3/1,6-Glucan Beta-glucan is a complex polysaccharide composed of glucose molecules extracted and purified from the cell wall of common bakers yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Beta-glucan is used to maintain or stimulate
Dectin-1 & Mincle Agonists Dectin-1 is a specific receptor of beta-glucans, which are glucose polymers found in the cell walls of fungi, including the yeasts Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans. All Dectin-1 ligands are tested for Dectin-1 stimulation using Raw-Blue reporter cells. Mincle
Heart Health. Oats have long been proven to help lower your cholesterol** and are a key food to include in a heart-healthy diet. Uniquely, they have a soluble fibre called beta-glucan that encourages the liver to remove LDL cholesterol from the blood. Regular consumption of beta-glucan as part of a varied, balanced diet and healthy lifestyle can contribute to the maintenance of normal blood cholesterol levels**.. Just 3g of Beta Glucan are needed to do this and an average bowl of Flahavans will give you 1g of beta glucan. Eating a balanced diet, taking regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight is important at every stage of life. Balanced diets are all about combining several different types of foods - from each of the main food groups- in the right amounts so your body gets all the right nutrients it needs, while maintaining a healthy weight. Healthy eating involves plenty of vegetables, salad and fruit, a serving of wholemeal cereals (e.g. oats) & breads, potatoes, pasta and rice at ...
Total Rebuild of the Bodys Defense System.. The immune system reaches its peak early in life and defends your body against billions of bacteria, microbes, viruses, parasites, and toxins daily. As it ages, some parts of the immune system stop working as well, then this entire defense mechanism gradually declines, leading to illnesses.. Multiple peer-reviewed clinical studies show that beta-glucan extracts from medicinal mushrooms support the major systems including hormonal, nervous and immune systems as well as regulatory functions.. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) status to beta-glucans.. The Power of Synergy in Elite 10. ...
Source Naturals Beta-Glucan 1,3/1,6 250mg 60 tablet Beta -glucan is a complex polysaccharide composed of glucose molecules extracted and purified from t...
Beta-glucan from oat bran, whole oats, oatrim, or rolled oats (3 grams per day) ... 3 g or more per day of beta-glucan soluble fiber from either whole oats or barley, or a combination of whole oats and barley ... Some viscous fibers may also be partially or fully fermented within the intestinal tract (guar gum, beta-glucan, glucomannan ... Beta-glucan from whole grain or dry-milled barley (3 grams per day) ...
Beta-glucan from oat bran, whole oats, or rolled oats; or whole grain or dry-milled barley (3 grams per day) ... Examples are beta-glucans (in oats, barley, and mushrooms) and raw guar gum. Psyllium - a soluble, viscous, nonfermented fiber ... 3 g or more per day of beta-glucan soluble fiber from either whole oats or barley, or a combination of whole oats and barley ... Some viscous fibers may also be partially or fully fermented within the intestinal tract (guar gum, beta-glucan, glucomannan ...
Taylor PR, Brown GD, Herre J, Williams DL, Willment JA, Gordon S (January 2004). "The role of SIGNR1 and the beta-glucan ... Willment JA, Marshall AS, Reid DM, Williams DL, Wong SY, Gordon S, Brown GD (May 2005). "The human beta-glucan receptor is ... Taylor PR, Brown GD, Reid DM, Willment JA, Martinez-Pomares L, Gordon S, Wong SY (October 2002). "The beta-glucan receptor, ... Willment JA, Gordon S, Brown GD (November 2001). "Characterization of the human beta -glucan receptor and its alternatively ...
Sandle T (August 2013). "Pharmaceutical product impurities: considering beta glucans". American Pharmaceutical Review. 16 (5 ... The LAL cascade is also triggered by (1,3)-β-D-glucan, via a different Factor G. Both bacterial endotoxins and (1,3)-β-D-glucan ... Since it does not contain factor G, (1,3)-β-D-glucan will not cause false-positives. As of 2018, available evidence shows that ...
... beta 1.3-glucans are complex glucose homopolymers binding together in a beta-1,3 configuration. The following are beta glucans ... 2004). "Beta-D-glucan as a diagnostic adjunct for invasive fungal infections: validation, cutoff development, and performance ... Polyglucan's are a source of beta-glucans. Structurally, ... 3 Beta-D-Glucan Detection in non-HIV Immunocompromised ... The detection of the (1,3)-β-D-glucan in blood is also used as a means of identifying invasive or disseminated fungal ...
Zorreguieta, A.; Ugalde, R.A.; Leloir, L.F. (January 1985). "An intermediate in cyclic beta 1-2 glucan biosynthesis". Biochem. ...
beta-glucan b-glucans have an important role in food supplement while b-glucans are also promising in health-related issues, ... Mixed linkage β-glucans The conformation of the mixed linkage glucan chains usually contains blocks of β-(1→4) D-Glucopyranose ... specifically glucan synthase. Several forms of glucan synthase from CSLF and CSLH have been identified. All of them are ... The population of β-(1→4) and β-(1→3) are about 70% and 30%. These glucans primarily consist of cellotriosly (C18H32O16) and ...
"Beta 1,3 glucan synthase catalytic subunit, UniProtKB/TrEMBL Q7D3X8 (Q7D3X8_AGRT5)". Ruffing AM, Chen RR (February 2012). " ... Curdlan is a water-insoluble linear beta-1,3-glucan, a high-molecular-weight polymer of glucose. Curdlan consists of β-(1,3)- ... Karnezis T, Epa VC, Stone BA, Stanisich VA (2003). "Topological characterization of an inner membrane (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan ( ... beta-D-glucans". Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 68 (2): 163-73. doi:10.1007/s00253-005-1959-5. PMID 15818477. S2CID 13123359. ...
This theory also coincides with that of other beta-glucans. High doses of schizophyllan are not the primary determinant of an ... Schizophyllan is a β-1,3 beta-glucan with β-1,6 branching. Schizophyllan is also known as sizofiran. Schizophyllan has a ... With its classification as a beta-glucan, schizophyllan is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by the United States FDA. While ... Studies have validated that 10 mg (or less) of a high quality, adequately processed chemically similar beta-glucan is a ...
Beta glucan. *Disodium wheat germamido PEG-2-sulfosuccinate. *Fermented grain extract. *AMP-Isostearoyl ...
Beijer L, Thorn J, Rylander R (June 2002). "Effects after inhalation of (1-->3)-beta-D-glucan and relation to mould exposure in ... Siebers R, Parkes A, Crane J (July 2006). "Beta-(1,3)-glucan on pillows". Allergy. 61 (7): 901-2. doi:10.1111/j.1398-9995.2006. ... beta-D glucan". Archives of Toxicology. 84 (3): 205-20. doi:10.1007/s00204-009-0481-4. PMID 19904525. S2CID 27458617. Dambuza ... glucan, which can cause inflammatory responses. The authors concluded that these and related results suggest feather bedding ...
It has been found to contain anti-inflammatory beta-glucans. See "Levipedes" page of "A revision of Collybia s.l. in the ... 2006). A bioactive (1→3)-, (1→4)-β-D-glucan from Collybia dryophila and other mushrooms. Mycologia. 98(2): 180-5. Index ...
Manzi P, Pizzoferrato L, (2000) Beta glucans in edible mushrooms. Food Chem 68, 315-318. Manzi P, Aguzzi A, Pizzoferrato L, ( ...
3-D-glucan synthase enzyme complex in susceptible fungi to disturb fungal cell glucan synthesis. Beta-glucan destruction ... In vitro and mouse models show echinocandins may also enhance host immune responses by exposing highly antigenic beta-glucan ... Douglas CM (2001). "Fungal beta(1,3)-D-glucan synthesis". Medical Mycology. 39 Suppl 1: 55-66. doi:10.1080/mmy.39.1.55.66. PMID ... β-glucans are carbohydrate polymers that are cross-linked with other fungal cell wall components, the fungal equivalent to ...
Beta-glucan Chitin fungi includes other edible mushrooms. Lentinan fruit body of shiitake (Lentinula edodes mycelium (LEM)) and ... beta Sitosterol avocado, rice bran, wheat germ, corn oils, fennel, peanuts, soybeans, hawthorn, basil, buckwheat. gamma ...
These include beta-glucan (β-glucan) and acetylated α-glucan. Acetylated α-glucan, produced by culturing the mushroom mycelia, ... AHCC is the brand name of an alpha-glucan rich nutritional supplement produced from the mycelia of shiitake (Lentinula edodes) ... Glucans are saccharides, of which some are known to have immune stimulating effects.[7] ... Approximately 20% of the make up of AHCC is α-glucans.[6] ... Chemical structure of α-1,4-glucan, the main polysaccharide in ...
β-glucan Cellulose Chitin Bacic A, Fincher GB, Stone BA (2009). Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Biology of 1-3 Beta Glucans and ...
Beta-glucan from oat bran, whole oats, or rolled oats (3 grams per day) Beta-glucan from whole grain or dry-milled barley (3 ... Examples are beta-glucans (in oats, barley, and mushrooms) and raw guar gum. Psyllium - a soluble, viscous, nonfermented fiber ... Regular intake of soluble fibers, such as beta-glucans from oats or barley, has been established to lower blood levels of LDL ... Eligible sources of soluble fiber providing beta-glucan include: Oat bran Rolled oats Whole oat flour Oatrim Whole grain barley ...
3 beta-glucan with β-1,6 branching. It has a molecular weight of 500,000 Da and specific rotation of +14-22° (NaOH). An in ... July 2009). "Efficacy of Orally Administered Superfine Dispersed Lentinan (β-1,3-Glucan) for the Treatment of Advanced ... 2009). "Clinical efficacy of superfine dispersed lentinan (β-1,3-glucan) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma". ...
... evidence for beta-1,6-glucan synthesis inhibition by caspofungin". Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 50 (9): 3160-1. doi: ... Fungi are unusual among the eukaryotes in having a cell wall that, in addition to glucans (e.g., β-1,3-glucan) and other ... The fungal cell wall is composed of glucans and chitin; while glucans are also found in plants and chitin in the exoskeleton of ... Molecular Biotechnology of Fungal beta-Lactam Antibiotics and Related Peptide Synthetases. Advances in Biochemical Engineering/ ...
These include beta-glucan (β-glucan) and acetylated α-glucan. Acetylated α-glucan, produced by culturing the mushroom mycelia, ... Approximately 20% of the make up of AHCC is α-glucans. Glucans are saccharides, of which some are known to have immune ... AHCC is the brand name of an alpha-glucan rich nutritional supplement produced from the mycelia of shiitake (Lentinula edodes) ...
3 linkages or beta-1, 4 linkages. This type of beta-glucan is also referred to as a mixed-linkage (1→3), (1→4)-beta-D-glucan. ... Oat beta-glucan is a viscous polysaccharide made up of units of the monosaccharide D-glucose. Oat beta-glucan is composed of ... Beta-D-glucans, usually referred to as beta-glucans, comprise a class of indigestible polysaccharides widely found in nature in ... In comparison, the indigestible polysaccharide cellulose is also a beta-glucan, but is not soluble because of its (1→4)-beta-D- ...
Tsuchiya, M.; Asahi, N.; Suzuoki, F.; Ashida, M.; Matsuura, S. (September 1996). "Detection of peptidoglycan and beta-glucan ... involvement in beta-defensin-1 expression". Infection and Immunity. 73 (11): 7133-7141. doi:10.1128/IAI.73.11.7133-7141.2005. ...
This species can trigger asthmatic reactions due to the presence of allergens and beta-glucans on its spore surface. In mice, ... "Surface availability of beta-glucans is critical determinant of host immune response to Cladosporium cladosporioides". Journal ...
Rice bran also contains a high level of dietary fibres (beta-glucan, pectin and gum). It also contains ferulic acid, which is ... gamma-oryzanol and beta-sitosterol; all these constituents may contribute to the lowering of the plasma levels of the various ...
Daou, Cheickna; Zhang, Hui (2012-06-12). "Oat Beta-Glucan: Its Role in Health Promotion and Prevention of Diseases". ... The cholesterol-lowering effect (hypocholesterolaemia) of β-glucans derived from oat and barley (β-(1→3)(1→4)-linked D-glucans ... β-glucan, a branched (1→3)(1→6)-β-glucan with single glucose repeat branches (frequency of 18%), and a glycogen-like (1→4)(1→6 ... d-glucan type and a β-(1→3;1→6)-d-glucan produced by strains of Botryosphaeria rhodina isolated from rotting tropical fruit". ...
The soluble fiber portion contains the richest source of beta-glucans compared to any other grain; these can aid immune ...
Sandle, T. (2013). Pharmaceutical Product Impurities: Considering Beta Glucans, American Pharmaceutical Review, 16 (5) ... Glucans from carbohydrate chromatography matrices can also lead to false positives. Since 2003, a synthetic substitute for the ...
Formation of beta-(1,4)-glucans from GDP-glucose and beta-(1,3)-glucans from UDP-glucose". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 138 (2): 620 ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is ADP-glucose:1,4-alpha-D-glucan 4-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase. Other names in common ... FRYDMAN RB, CARDINI CE (1965). "Studies on adenosine diphosphate d-glucose: α-1,4-glucan α-4-glucosyltransferase of sweet-corn ... Chambers J, Elbein AD (1970). "Biosynthesis of glucans in mung bean seedlings. ...
Formation of beta-(1,4)-glucans from GDP-glucose and beta-(1,3)-glucans from UDP-glucose". Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 138 (2): 620 ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is GDP-glucose:1,4-beta-D-glucan 4-beta-D-glucosyltransferase. Other names in common ... 4-beta-D-glucosyl)n+1 Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are GDP-glucose and (1,4-beta-D-glucosyl)n, whereas its two ... 4-beta-glucan glucosyltransferase, and guanosine diphosphoglucose-cellulose glucosyltransferase. This enzyme participates in ...
1,3-Beta-glucan synthase. *Ceramide glucosyltransferase. *N-glycosyltransferase. Galactosyl-. *Lactose synthase ...
EC 4.2.3.51: beta-felandrenska sintaza (neril-difosfat-ciklizacija). *EC 4.2.3.52: (4S)-beta-felandrenska sintaza (geranil- ... EC 4.2.2.13: ekso-(1→4)-α-D-glucan lijaza. *EC 4.2.2.14: glukuronan lijaza ... EC 4.2.3.53: (+)-endo-beta-bergamotenska sintaza ((2Z,6Z)-farnezil difosfat ciklizacija) ...
... and contains large quantities of beta-glucans compared to other grains; these long-chain sugars can leach out during a mash, ... Unconverted starch becomes sugar during the last steps of mashing, through the action of alpha and beta amylases. The oldest ... creating a sticky gelatinous gum in the mash tun, and as a result brewing with rye requires a long, thorough beta-glucanase ...
β-Glucans (beta-glucans) comprise a group of β-D-glucose polysaccharides naturally occurring in the cell walls of cereals, ... Main article: Oat beta-glucan. Cereal β-glucans from oat, barley, wheat, and rye have been studied for their effects on ... 1995). "Plasma (13)-beta-D-glucan measurement in diagnosis of invasive deep mycosis and fungal febrile episodes". Lancet. 345 ( ... β-glucan types[edit]. β-glucans form a natural component of the cell walls of bacteria, fungi, yeast, and cereals such as oat ...
1,3-Beta-glucan synthase. *Ceramide glucosyltransferase. Galactosyl-. *Lactose synthase. *B-N-acetylglucosaminyl-glycopeptide b ... Jul 1994). "The design of potential antidiabetic drugs: experimental investigation of a number of beta-D-glucose analogue ...
3 linkages or beta-1, 4 linkages. This type of beta-glucan is also referred to as a mixed-linkage (1→3), (1→4)-beta-D-glucan. ... Oat beta-glucan is a viscous polysaccharide made up of units of the monosaccharide D-glucose. Oat beta-glucan is composed of ... Beta-D-glucans, usually referred to as beta-glucans, comprise a class of indigestible polysaccharides widely found in nature in ... In comparison, the indigestible polysaccharide cellulose is also a beta-glucan, but is not soluble because of its (1→4)-beta-D- ...
Beta-glucan. *Pharmaceutic adjuvant. *Immunostimulant. *Immunomodulator. External links[edit]. *Recommendations for Use and ...
... beta-1,4-glucanase, beta-1,4-endoglucan hydrolase, endoglucanase D, 1,4-(1,3,1,4)-beta-D-glucan 4-glucanohydrolase), ... and cereal beta-D-glucans. Because cellulose molecules bind strongly to each other, cellulolysis is relatively difficult ... Separation and characterization of cellulases and beta-glucosidases". The Biochemical Journal. 177 (1): 9-19. doi:10.1042/ ... The specific reaction involved is the hydrolysis of the 1,4-beta-D-glycosidic linkages in cellulose, hemicellulose, lichenin, ...
"Beta-glucans as immunostimulant in vertebrates and invertebrates". Critical Reviews in Microbiology 35 (2): 109-138. doi: ... Beta-glukan[12]. Literatura[uredi - уреди , uredi izvor]. *↑ Thomas J. Kindt, Richard A. Goldsby, Barbara Anne Osborne, Janis ... vakcine (BCG vakcina, Melanoma vakcina) • beta-glukan (Lentinan) • Mifamurtid • tiazolidin (Pidotimod) • heterociklična ... Antiadrenergici • Antihipertenzivi • Antihiperlipidemici (Statin, Fibrati, Sekvestranti žučne kiseline) • Beta-adrenergički ...
"Beta-glucans as immunostimulant in vertebrates and invertebrates". Critical Reviews in Microbiology 35 (2): 109-138. ...
Proteins which use this pathway have the capability to form a beta-barrel with their C-terminus which inserts into the outer ... Type I secretion is also involved in export of non-proteinaceous substrates like cyclic β-glucans and polysaccharides. ... Some researchers believe remnants of the autotransporters gave rise to the porins which form similar beta-barrel structures.[17 ... Often, autotransporters are cleaved, leaving the beta-barrel domain in the outer membrane and freeing the passenger domain. ...
In the case of Lactobacillus, some of these saccharides may be glucans that can be synthesized from glucose present in the wine ... Additionally, some strains of the bacterium have beta-glucosidase enzymes that can break down monoglucosides which are aroma ...
Zymosan (a beta-glucan). Saccharomyces cerevisiae -. Malassezia (commensal yeast) Antigen mixtures. Aspergillus fumigatus, ... positive regulation of interferon-beta production. • defense response to Gram-positive bacterium. • positive regulation of ...
Braaten, J.T.; Wood, P.J.; Scott, F.W.: Wolynetz, M.S.; Lowe, M.K.; Bradley-White, P.: Collins, M.W. (1994). "Oat beta-glucan ... The power of oat beta glucan. Heart UK. http://heartuk.org.uk/images/uploads/healthylivingpdfs/HUK_factsheet_F09_OatBetaGlucanF ... Lazaridou, A.; Biliaderis, C.G. (2007). "Molecular aspects of cereal β-glucan functionality: Physical properties, technological ... imenovane beta-glukani, ki jih vsebuje zunanja plast ovsenega semena, zmanjšajo raven holesterola (tudi holesterola LDL oziroma ...
Beta-glucan *Lentinan. *Sizofiran. *Zymosan. *Cellulose. *Chitin. *Dextrin / Dextran. *Fructose / Fructan *Inulin ...
N-linked oligosaccharides are always pentasaccharides attached to asparagine via a beta linkage to the amine nitrogen of the ... N-linked glycosylation involves oligosaccharide attachment to asparagine via a beta linkage to the amine nitrogen of the side ...
Echinocandins inhibit the creation of glucan in the fungal cell wall by inhibiting 1,3-Beta-glucan synthase: *Anidulafungin ...
Glucose/Glucan: Glycogen · Starch (Amylose, Amylopectin) · Cellulose · Dextrin/Dextran · Beta-glucan (Zymosan, Lentinan, ...
... or beta-) result in disaccharides that are diastereoisomers with different chemical and physical properties. ...
Glucose / Glucan *Glycogen. *Hemicellulose. *Levan beta 2→6. *Lignin. *Mannan. *Pectin. *Starch *Amylopectin ...
Two important sugar crops predominate: sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) and sugar beets (Beta vulgaris), in which sugar can account ... These glucans allow the bacteria to adhere to the tooth surface and to build up thick layers of plaque. The anaerobic ... The glucans and levans (fructose polysaccharides) produced by the plaque bacteria also act as a reserve food supply for the ... Sucrose is the only dietary sugar that can be converted to sticky glucans (dextran-like polysaccharides) by extracellular ...
Beta-glucan *Chitin. *Lentinan. *Fructan *Inulins. *Lignin. *Pectin. Misc:. List of phytochemicals and foods in which they are ...
"Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to oat beta glucan and lowering blood cholesterol and ... or whole rolled oats can lower the risk of heart disease when combined with a low-fat diet via the effect of oat beta-glucan to ...
CD8-positive, alpha-beta T cell differentiation involved in immune response. • neutrophil apoptotic process. • sensory ... positive regulation of amyloid-beta formation. • negative regulation of tau-protein kinase activity. • positive regulation of ... negative regulation of amyloid-beta clearance. • positive regulation of neuron death. • positive regulation of cellular ... positive regulation of interleukin-1 beta secretion. • positive regulation of neuron differentiation. • positive regulation of ...
... such as beta-glucan), coumarin,[23] mannitol, and alkaloids.[22] Sterols isolated from the mushroom include, ganoderol, ...
... evidence for beta-1,6-glucan synthesis inhibition by caspofungin. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. September 2006, 50 (9 ...
... barley and foods containing beta-glucan soluble fiber were included as eligible sources for the label claim.[7] ...
Lentinan, a beta-glucan isolated from the shiitake mushroom *. Young Shiitake mushrooms on a log. ...
β-Glucans (beta-glucans) comprise a group of β-D-glucose polysaccharides naturally occurring in the cell walls of cereals, ... Main article: Oat beta-glucan. Cereal β-glucans from oat, barley, wheat, and rye have been studied for their effects on ... 1995). "Plasma (13)-beta-D-glucan measurement in diagnosis of invasive deep mycosis and fungal febrile episodes". Lancet. 345 ( ... β-glucan types[edit]. β-glucans form a natural component of the cell walls of bacteria, fungi, yeast, and cereals such as oat ...
1,3-Beta-glucan synthase is a glucosyltransferase enzyme involved in the generation of beta-glucan in fungi. It serves as a ... 1,3-Beta-glucan synthase (EC 2.4.1.34.) also known as callose synthase catalyses the formation of a beta-1,3-glucan polymer ... This is the glycosyltransferase 48 family, which consists of various 1,3-beta-glucan synthase components including Gls1, Gls2, ... UDP-glucose + {(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl}(N) = UDP + {(1,3)-beta-D-glucosyl}(N+1). ...
Beta Glucans (as Beta 1-3,1-6 Glucans). (from yeast cell wall extract [Saccharomyces cerevisiae]). 200 mg **. ... Solgar® Beta Glucans Tablets are naturally derived from a concentrated yeast cell wall material. ...
Beta-glucan refers to a class of soluble fiber, which can be found in many plants; for example, oats, wheat and barley. These ... Beta Glucan Categories Health Topics Anti-Aging & Longevity Beta Glucan Categories Health Topics Immune System Beta Glucan ... Now Foods, Beta Glucan 3 Results (showing 1 - 3) Visit Manufacturers Website » ... Brands A-Z Now Foods Beta Glucan Categories Supplements Digestive System ...
... yeast beta-glucans is grossly similar to the background intake of beta-glucans from other dietary sources. Data provided on ( ... yeast beta-glucans is not higher than the risk from other products containing bakers yeast. Beta-glucans from other sources ... Yeast beta-glucans consists of complex, high molecular mass polysaccharides derived from the cell wall of bakers yeast ... The applicant intends to market yeast beta-glucans in food supplements at dose levels of up to 375 mg per day and in foods ...
Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to beta glucans and maintenance of normal blood cholesterol ...
β-Glucans (beta-glucans) comprise a group of β-D-glucose polysaccharides naturally occurring in the cell walls of cereals, ... Each type of beta-glucan comprises a different molecular backbone, level of branching, and molecular weight which affects its ... 1995). "Plasma (13)-beta-D-glucan measurement in diagnosis of invasive deep mycosis and fungal febrile episodes". Lancet. 345 ( ... In general, β-1,3 linkages are created by 1,3-Beta-glucan synthase, and β-1,4 linkages are created by cellulose synthase. The ...
This family consists of the beta-glucan synthesis-associated proteins KRE6 and SKN1. Beta1,6-Glucan is a key component of the ... Beta-glucan synthesis-associated, SKN1 (IPR005629). Short name: SKN1 Overlapping homologous superfamilies *Concanavalin A-like ... It has been postulated that the synthesis of beta1,6-glucan begins in the endoplasmic reticulum with the formation of protein- ... Localization of synthesis of beta1,6-glucan in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.. J. Bacteriol. 181 7414-20 1999 ...
The use of beta-13D glucan as a supplement is an exciting prospect as yeast-derived beta glucans are noted for their ability to ... Both Epicor and Beta-13D Glucan are yeast extracts promoted as immune system enhancers. However, Beta-13D Glucan has an ... Effects of Beta-13D Glucan. Phagocytosis increases after consumption of beta-13D glucan. Additionally, the number of phagocytes ... What Is Beta-13D Glucan?. This compound is found in the cell wall of bakers yeast. Its commercial form is a highly purified ...
Topic: Health Related: barley, beta glucan, cholesterol, flax seeds, heart disease, heart smart, oats, psyllium, soluble fiber ... Topic: Health Related: antioxidant, beta glucan, fall, green tea, immune booster, mushrooms, probiotics, seafood, vitamin c, ... Topic: Cooking, Health Related: antioxidant, beta glucan, crimini, grocery aisle, healthy every month, mushrooms, ... Numerous studies showed that a diet high in beta-glucan from oats help … [Read more...] about Oats Benefit High Cholesterol and ...
1160/2011 of the Commission, foodstuffs through which 3 g/day of oat beta-glucan are consumed (1 g of oat beta-glucan per ... oat beta-glucans can achieve up to 95% extraction purity. In oats, β-glucan makes up the majority of the soluble fibre; however ... In November 2011, the EU Commission published its decision in favour of oat beta-glucans with regard to Article 14 of the EC ... Oat β-glucans are linear and linked at the 1,3 and 1,4 carbon sites. Oat β-glucans can form into a random coil structure and ...
EWGs Skin Deep® database gives you practical solutions to protect yourself and your family from everyday exposures to chemicals in personal care products.
Shop Solgar Beta Glucans Immune Complex Capsules at Holland & Barrett. Nutritional support for your bodys natural immune ... Beta Glucans & Elderberry Immune+ Complex, containing Ester-C®, zinc and vitamin D. Nutritional support for your bodys natural ... An advanced combination including Beta 1,3/1,6 Glucans, Elderberry and Selenium, along with Ester-C®, Vitamin D3 and Zinc. ... Vitamin C (as Ester-C, calcium ascorbate), Beta 1,3/1,6 Glucans, Vegetable Capsule Shell (hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose), ...
Dietary beta-glucans lower the blood concentrations of cholesterol in animals and humans. Recent studies have uncovered ... mechanisms by which dietary beta-glucans may regulate cholesterol homeostasis. There is evidence that beta-glucans sequester ... The effects of diets enriched in beta-glucans on blood lipoprotein concentrations.. Chen J1, Huang XF. ... provide an additive effect in suppressing hepatocyte cholesterol to that produced by enhancing its depletion with beta-glucans ...
How Beta Glucan Can Help. While not an essential nutrient, beta glucans are shown to activate white blood cells, particularly ... The amounts of beta glucans in studies have ranged from about 3,000 to 15,000 mg per day. Fortunately, there are no known side ... Beta glucan is a fiber-type sugar molecule that can help control cholesterol levels. It is commonly found in bakers yeast, ... Studies indicate that beta glucans are worth considering. On your own, incorporating them into your diet shouldnt be too ...
A yeast beta glucan ingredient called Wellmune WGP and a fermented black bean extract have won novel foods approval for use in ... beta​-glucans is not higher than the risk from other products containing bakers yeast.​​Beta​-glucans from other sources have ... beta​-glucans is grossly similar to the background intake of​​beta​-glucans from other dietary sources."​ ... Beta glucan; Touchi win novel foods approval. 11-May-2011. - Last updated on 13-May-2011 at 08:00. GMT ...
Beta Glucan is a type of soluble fiber that is believed to play a role in lowering cholesterol. According to an article in the ... Beta Glucan is a type of soluble fiber that is believed to play a role in lowering cholesterol. According to an article in the ... Medicinal Food News: Beta Glucan in Oats Lowers Blood Cholesterol * Nutrition Reviews: Cholesterol-Lowering Effects of Oat β- ... This is due to the high concentration of soluble fiber from beta glucan contained in oats. According to a review in the June ...
Thats why you need to know about beta-glucans right now. ... What ARE Beta Glucans?. In a few words, Beta-Glucans are immune ... What Can Beta-Glucans Do For Me?. As we said, the health benefits of foods rich in Beta-Glucans are numerous. Beta-Glucans can ... Does This Beta Glucan Make Me Look Healthier?. Yes, Beta-Glucan has skin benefits as well! Beta-Glucans are incredible skin ... Beta-Glucans are being used more and more to help us fight against the common cold. Clinical results have shown Beta-Glucans to ...
In a solubilized form, beta-glucan binds to a lectin site within complement receptor 3 (CR3) on leukocytes, priming the ... beta-glucan A polysaccharide isolated from the cell walls of bacteria, plants, and fungi with immunostimulant and ... Thus, the attachment of beta-glucan to CR3 of circulating leukocytes simulates leukocytes to kill iC3b-coated tumor cells in ... In a solubilized form, beta-glucan binds to a lectin site within complement receptor 3 (CR3) on leukocytes, priming the ...
This topic has 40 study abstracts on Beta-glucan indicating that it may have therapeutic value in the treatment of High ... Substances : Beta-glucan, Fiber. Diseases : Adiponectin: Low Levels, Diabetes Mellitus: Type 2, Fatty Liver, Insulin Resistance ... Substances : Beta-glucan, Fiber. Diseases : Adiponectin: Low Levels, Inflammation, Metabolic Syndrome X, Obesity, Oxidative ... Substances : Beta-glucan, Fiber, Oats. Diseases : Cholesterol: LDL/HDL ratio, High Cholesterol, Hypercholesterolemia, ...
This topic has 40 study abstracts on Beta-glucan indicating that it may have therapeutic value in the treatment of High ... 2 Abstracts with Beta-glucan & Influenza Research. [x] Remove Focus on Influenza. Filter by Study Type. Animal Study. ...
Beta glucan is found in mushrooms, food yeast and in fiber of some cereals. Beta glucans are natural polysaccharides, ... Beta glucan produced from fungi have the best immunomodulatory effects. The main mechanism of action of beta glucan is ... Beta-glucan absolutely does not interfere with "work" of other elements of remedy. Moreover, it promotes faster absorption of ... Several types of beta-glucan-type polysaccharides are known, differing in molecular composition and, accordingly, in degree of ...
Shop for Solaray L-Lysine and Beta Glucan at Ralphs. Find quality health products to add to your Shopping List or order online ...
"A beta-Glucan-Based Dietary Fiber Reduces Mast Cell-Induced Hyperpermeability in Ileum From Patients With Crohns Disease and ... Beta-glucan was able to attenuate paracellular and transcellular hyperpermeability caused by mast cell-degranulation,"​ wrote ... Beta-glucan supplement may help leaky gut syndrome: study. By Tim Cutcliffe ... A prebiotic dietary fibre containing beta-glucan has shown promise in reducing gut permeability, reveals a recent study in ...
A crispy breakfast option with Oat Beta-Glucan scientifically proven to lower cholesterol. ... Shop OatWell Crispy Hearts with Oat Beta-Glucan at Holland & Barrett. ... 3g of cholesterol-lowering oat beta-glucan per serving. OatWell Crispy Hearts contains natural oat bran powder rich in oat beta ... One portion (30g) of OatWell™ Crispy Hearts per day contains 3g oat beta-glucan, enough to reduce your blood cholesterol levels ...
The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of a yeast beta-glucan product (YBG) as an alternative to ... Table 1. Body weight, feed consumption and feed conversion of broiler chickens fed yeast beta glucan (YBG), virginiamycin or a ... Further research is recommended to optimize inclusion rates of yeast beta-glucan in broiler diets to maximize growth promotion ... demonstrating that the positive effects of beta-glucans on growth performance are delayed until the latter stages of ...
Glucose polymers consisting of a backbone of beta(1->3)-linked beta-D-glucopyranosyl units with beta(1->6) linked side chains ... beta-Glucans. Subscribe to New Research on beta-Glucans Glucose polymers consisting of a backbone of beta(1-,3)-linked beta-D- ... and beta-glucans are used for the treatment of cancer. ". 03/01/2010 - "Due to their immunomodulatory properties, purified beta ... "This review summarizes the use of beta-glucans in colon cancer. ". 06/01/2013 - "Evidence has supported the idea that beta- ...
3g LMW beta-glucan Dietary Supplement: 5g LMW beta-glucan Dietary Supplement: 3g HMW beta-glucan Not Applicable ... control diet containing negligible amount of beta glucan. Dietary Supplement: 3g HMW beta-glucan 3 grams of high molecular ... Experimental: 5g LMW beta glucan 5 gram low molecular weight barley beta-glucan diet for 35 days ... Experimental: 3g HMW beta glucan 3 gram high molecular weight barley beta-glucan diet for 35 days ...
Beta-glucan concentrate: De-fatted oat bran can be finely ground and fractionated to make a product with 50 percent more beta- ... Products that contain at least 0.75 grams of beta-glucan per serving may use the FDA health claim:"Soluble fiber from foods ... Oats are valued for their beta-glucans, or soluble dietary fiber, which mimics fat as it gels at room temperature and liquefies ... Oat starch: After beta-glucans are extracted, the small-granule starch that remains could be used in spoonable dairy products ...
A sustainable and consumer-friendly ingredient, oat-beta glucan can be used in numerous applications to deliver excellent ... Oat beta-glucan offers multiple health benefits with authorized claims, including a decreased risk of CVD, in both the US and ... Oat bran beta-glucan: the new go-to nutrition ingredient ... Oat bran beta-glucan: the new go-to nutrition ingredient. 17 ... Oat beta-glucan offers multiple health benefits with authorized claims, including a decreased risk of CVD, in both the US and ...
  • The approved health claim was later amended to include these sources of β-glucan: rolled oats (oatmeal), oat bran, whole oat flour, oatrim (the soluble fraction of alpha-amylase hydrolyzed oat bran or whole oat flour), whole grain barley and barley beta-fiber. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cupful of rolled oats could be added as well to increase the beta-glucans even more! (breadbeckers.com)
  • β-Glucans ( beta- glucans ) comprise a group of β- D -glucose polysaccharides naturally occurring in the cell walls of cereals , bacteria , and fungi , with significantly differing physicochemical properties dependent on source. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although technically β-glucans are chains of D-glucose polysaccharides linked by β-type glycosidic bonds , by convention not all β- D -glucose polysaccharides are categorized as β-glucans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cereal β-glucans - including β-glucan from oat, barley and wheat - are linear polysaccharides joined by 1,3 and 1,4 carbon linkages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yeast beta -glucans' consists of complex, high molecular mass polysaccharides derived from the cell wall of baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae . (europa.eu)
  • Several types of beta-glucan-type polysaccharides are known, differing in molecular composition and, accordingly, in degree of activity. (rxmed.com)
  • Beta glucans are natural polysaccharides, consisting of glucose units. (rxmed.com)
  • Beta-glucans are polysaccharides occurring in the bran of cereal grains, the cell wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and bacteria, certain types of fungi, seaweed and many kinds of mushrooms. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Bottom line - of all the polysaccharides studied that act as immunostimulants, beta-glucans were found to be the most effective against infectious disease and cancer. (breadbeckers.com)
  • Scleroglucan" and "PSAT" are two Beta-1,3/1,6-polysaccharides. (betaglucan.org)
  • Poly-branched B-1,3-(D)-Glucans are naturally occurring polysaccharides, with or without B-1,6-(D)-glucose side chains, that are integral cell wall constituents in a variety of bacteria, plants and fungi. (betaglucan.org)
  • Now widely recommended by practitioners in this particular area of health are beta glucans 1,3/1,6, which are naturally occuring polysaccharides derived from the cell wall of Sacchromyces Cerevisiae. (health4youonline.com)
  • Beta-1,3- glucan is different from energy-storing glucose-containing polysaccharides because the connection between the glucose units is different, more specifically, it is the beta-1,3-linkage, which makes this compound so unique. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • Glucans are polysaccharides occurring in the bran of cereal grains. (bayho.com)
  • Beta Glucans are polysaccharides that only contain glucose as structural components. (bayho.com)
  • Beta Glucan is a well-known biological response modifier (BRM) isolated from the yeast cell wall polysaccharides and is made up entirely of glucose β(1,3)-linked together in linear chains with variable frequency of β(1,6)-linked side chains. (bayho.com)
  • One of the most common sources of β(1,3)D-glucan for supplement use is derived from the cell wall of baker's yeast ( Saccharomyces cerevisiae ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Panel considers that the allergenic risk of the 'yeast beta -glucans' is not higher than the risk from other products containing baker's yeast. (europa.eu)
  • You can naturally find Beta Glucans in baker's yeast, oats, mushrooms and seaweed which are all rich in Beta-Glucans, and it's no surprise that they also are great food fuels. (mothering.com)
  • One of the richest, cleanest sources of Beta Glucans comes from Baker's Yeast, but extracting the Beta-Glucans from the yeast is a harsh process. (mothering.com)
  • Baker's yeast beta glucan supplementation increases salivary IgA and decreases cold/flu symptomatic days after intense exercise. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • "These findings support the notion that supplementation with the Wellmune WGP form of baker's yeast beta-glucan before exercise altered the typical post-exercise innate immune response," ​wrote the researchers, led by Dr Brian McFarlin. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Baker's yeast β-glucan supplementation increases monocytes and cytokines post-exercise: implications for infection risk? (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Beta Glucan is an all-natural compound found in baker's yeast, mushrooms, oats, barley and algae, as well as other sources. (cleanse.net)
  • Beta Glucan derived from the cell wall of Baker's Yeast (Saccharomyces Cerevisiae) has been proven to have the highest biological activity of immune response of all available sources. (cleanse.net)
  • Note on various Glucan forms: Beta 1,3/1,6-D glucan is a baker's yeast-derived beta glucan with a Beta 1,6 linkage (4-8%) and the molecule skewed to the right. (betaglucan.org)
  • 1,3/1,6 Beta Glucan is derived from a proprietary strain of Baker's yeast. (firstendurance.com)
  • Beta Glucan is an insoluble fiber that has been isolated from the cell wall of baker's yeast. (vitanetonline.com)
  • Although they say the balance of evidence points to the immune-enhancing effects of beta glucans from baker's yeast, they also highlight the need for further research. (wellmune.com)
  • Although derived from baker's yeast , properly extracted Beta-1, 3 glucan is a pure isolate and does not contain enough yeast proteins to cause a reaction in those allergic to yeast. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • Wellmune is a proprietary ingredient formulated using yeast beta glucan derived from the purest baker's yeast. (healthspan.co.uk)
  • 2013). Baker's Yeast Beta Glucan Supplementation. (healthspan.co.uk)
  • Nature's Own Beta 1-3, 1-6 Glucan is a natural form of soluble dietary fibre, derived from the cell wall of baker's yeast. (bodykind.com)
  • Several studies have shown a baker's yeast beta-1,3/1,6-d-glucan, extracted from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is effective in reducing the incidence of cold and flu symptoms. (nih.gov)
  • β-glucans were first discovered in lichens, and shortly thereafter in barley. (wikipedia.org)
  • β-glucans form a natural component of the cell walls of bacteria, fungi, yeast, and cereals such as oat and barley. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cereal β-glucans from oat, barley, wheat, and rye have been studied for their effects on cholesterol levels in people with normal cholesterol levels and in those with hypercholesterolemia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In oats, β-glucan is found mainly in the endosperm of the oat kernel, especially in the outer layers of that endosperm (a marked difference from barley, which contains β-glucan uniformly throughout the endosperm). (wikipedia.org)
  • The dietary fiber in barley is also known to be abundant in beta glucan, but barley fiber boasts the additional benefit of containing propionic acid, which may suppress the HMG-CoA reductase enzyme. (livestrong.com)
  • Barley and beta-glucan isolated from barley lower total and LDL cholesterol. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Barley beta-glucan lowers cholesterol and increases fecal bile acid and short chain fatty acid secretion in mildly hypercholesteremic individuals. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • The primary aim of this study is to determine whether the cholesterol-lowering efficacy of barley b- glucan varied as function of molecular weight (MW) and the total daily amount consumed. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Thirdly, we aim to determine if any gene-diet interactions are associated with cholesterol lowering by barley β-glucan. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Beta glucan is a polysaccharide (a chain of glucose molecules) that is found in foods such as oats, barley, mushrooms, and yeasts. (lorealparisusa.com)
  • Derived from oats and barley, this Beta Glucans has been moderately successful in reducing cholesterol and works as a good prevention against infections. (allhealthguides.com)
  • Extracted from oats and barley (unlike beta glucans we eat in breakfast cereals, extracted from wheat and barley), this is a more effective form of Beta Glucans supplement. (allhealthguides.com)
  • Beta-glucans are a variety of natural soluble dietary fiber occurring in foods which include grains (such as barley, oats, and corn bran) and certain mushrooms. (earthturns.com)
  • Three claims relate to the maintenance or reduction of blood cholesterol and consumption of 3 g beta-glucan from oats or barley. (oreilly.com)
  • Beta-glucans are a polysaccharide found in the soluble fiber of most whole grains but have particularly high concentrations in both barley and oats. (breadbeckers.com)
  • Beta 1,4 glucan is derived from oats and barley, minimally effective in immune potentiation and not included in this research summary of forms of Beta 1,3/1,6 glucan. (betaglucan.org)
  • Beta-glucans are a kind of sugar (a polysaccharide) found in the cell walls of bacteria, fungi, yeasts, algae, lichens, and plants, such as oats and barley. (alternative-doctor.com)
  • Beta-glucan is a polysaccharide that is found in natural source such as oats, barley, mushroom and yeast. (sbwire.com)
  • Beta-glucan is derived from cereal source (includes oats and barley), yeast and mushroom. (sbwire.com)
  • Beta Glucans - Just like barley is the unsung hero of grains, beta glucans are the unsung heroes of barley. (sunwarrior.com)
  • A naturally derived polysaccharide, Beta glucan is a bioactive molecule found in many different substances includes barley, oats, yeast and mushrooms. (hipetusa.com)
  • Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of beta-glucan exohydrolase isoenzyme ExoI from barley (Hordeum vulgare). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Crystals of a beta-glucan exohydrolase purified from extracts of young barley seedlings have been obtained by vapour diffusion in the presence of ammonium sulfate and polyethylene glycol. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In addition, these side-chains can be attached to other types of molecules, like proteins, as in polysaccharide-K. The most common forms of β-glucans are those comprising D-glucose units with β-1,3 links. (wikipedia.org)
  • NOW Extra Strength Beta-Glucans is completed with ImmunEnhancer, a high molecular weight polysaccharide extracted from the Western Larch tree that has been studied for its ability to promote a healthy immune response. (allstarhealth.com)
  • Beta Glucan is a straightforward but comparatively complex polysaccharide. (xinxii.com)
  • Beta-glucan peptide (BGP) is a high molecular weight (~100 kDa) polysaccharide extracted from the fungus Trametes versicolor . (invivogen.com)
  • 1, 3- (Beta) -D-Glucan is a natural polysaccharide derived from the cell walls of baker,s yeast saccharomyces cerevsiae with immunoenhancing and potent antioxidant effects. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Because Beta glucan is a long-chain polysaccharide, the different sugars can be linked in several different ways, which allows for different appearances and functions to the different forms of Beta glucan. (hipetusa.com)
  • Mushroom Beta-Glucan, an all-natural polysaccharide extracted from the medicinal mushrooms using the patented AMFM procedure by HiPet USA, has the capability to enable the immune system to release an arsenal of defense, addressing a wide range of ailments and holds outstanding supplemental value for our beloved dogs and cats. (hipetusa.com)
  • Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety of 'yeast beta -glucans' as a novel food ingredient in the context of Regulation (EC) No. 258/97 taking account of the comments/objections of a scientific nature raised by the Member States. (europa.eu)
  • A yeast beta glucan ingredient called Wellmune WGP and a fermented black bean extract have won novel foods approval for use in foods, drinks and food supplements from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). (nutraingredients.com)
  • The ingredient, manufactured by Dublin-headquartered Kerry Group, is a prebiotic dietary fibre containing beta-glucan derived from bakers' yeast. (nutraingredients.com)
  • Daily supplements of the beta-glucan based ingredient Wellmune WGP may alter immune function after strenuous exercise, says a new study from the University of Houston. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • They recruited 60 active men and women and assigned them to receive either the beta-glucan ingredient or placebo (rice flour) for 10 days. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Many beta glucans are marketed under various trademark names that are not unique ingredient formulations. (betaglucan.org)
  • To emphasize, high milligram dosages and high percentages of beta glucan in a capsule are not determinants of immune response or ingredient purity and cell activation. (betaglucan.org)
  • In particular, Biothera scientists focused on the company's Wellmune WGP beta 1,3/1,6 glucan ingredient for immune health, briefing attendees on key findings from nine human clinical studies done on marathoners, cyclists, and others engaged in highly physical activities and stressful lifestyles who saw benefits from Wellmune WGP supplementation. (nutritionaloutlook.com)
  • The primary objective of the report is to offer updates on the advancements in the food industry that have given rise to utilization of natural ingredient: beta-glucan, which is significantly fulfilling consumer demands for functional food ingredients. (sbwire.com)
  • Daily consumption of at least 3 grams of oat beta-glucan may reduce cholesterol levels, with greater effects linked to high molecular weight forms of the ingredient, says a new meta-analysis of 28 randomized controlled trials. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
  • Previous meta-analysis have reported that the ingredient may reduce total cholesterol levels by 0.13-0.19 mmol/L, but such analyses did not consider the molecular weight of the oat beta-glucan. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
  • The meta-analysis was supported by DSM Nutritional Products, which offers the OatWell branded oat beta-glucan ingredient. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
  • The best-studied beta glucan supplement ingredient, and the one that has demonstrated the best results, is Wellmune ® , a leading natural yeast beta glucan from Kerry. (wellmune.com)
  • Aleta ™ , a source of 1,3-beta glucans, is an ingredient that may enhance host protective immunity (mucosal and systemic immunity) by improving the effector functions of immune cells. (kemin.com)
  • Letters such as NSC, WGP and others are associated with brand names and are not specific forms of Beta glucan, although the individual products often contain Beta glucan. (betaglucan.org)
  • The paper also highlights the fact that structural differences between different forms of beta glucan may have an impact on their benefits and efficacy. (wellmune.com)
  • Whilst there are many different forms of beta glucan it is yeast beta glucan that have been most widely researched in scientific studies. (healthspan.co.uk)
  • 1,3-Beta-glucan synthase is a glucosyltransferase enzyme involved in the generation of beta-glucan in fungi . (wikipedia.org)
  • Most beta glucans, whether from yeast or fungi, are good for human nutrition but may negatively affect beer-brewing processes. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Beta glucan produced from fungi have the best immunomodulatory effects. (rxmed.com)
  • Beta glucans are a type of soluble fibre, or naturally occurring sugars, which create the structural components of cell walls in foods containing yeast and fungi. (solgar.co.uk)
  • Beta 1, 3 Glucans is derived from the cell wall of fungi and yeasts and is known to stimulate macrophage activation, which in turn stimulates the immune system to act against pathogenic viruses, fungi and parasites. (worldwideshoppingmall.co.uk)
  • Beta glucans are derived primarily from yeast cell wall, various fungi, grains, and mushrooms. (betaglucan.org)
  • Belonging to a group of physiologically active compounds called biological response modifiers, beta glucans are naturally occurring sugars that act as highly conserved structural components of cell walls in, fungi, seaweed, and yeast. (natural-holistic-health.com)
  • A variety of (Beta)-glucans have been isolated from different sources, e.g., from fungi, plants, and seaweed. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • There is growing evidence that supplementing with beta glucans from yeast and fungi can support the body's natural defenses. (wellmune.com)
  • Since beta glucans are often a part of bacteria and fungi, the body responds to them by activating and enhancing macrophages and natural killer cell function. (sunwarrior.com)
  • Localization of synthesis of beta1,6-glucan in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Biosynthesis of beta-glucans by cell-free extracts from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Cell-free extracts from Saccharomyces cerevisiae catalyzed the incorporation of glucosyl residues from UDP-[U-14C]glucose into beta-1,3-glucans which contained a significant proportion of beta-1,6-glycosidic linkages. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Beta-1,3/1,6 D-Glucan (Beta-Glucans) is a bioactive carbohydrate derived from the cell wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, commonly known as Bakers' yeast. (allstarhealth.com)
  • The Beta-1,3-(D)-glucan with Beta- 1,6-glucan linkage extracted from yeast cell wall (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) has been shown to act as a potent non-specific immune-activator and immune response modifier. (betaglucan.org)
  • A Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant with echinocandin-resistant 1,3-beta-D-glucan synthase. (asm.org)
  • Mushrooms are another rich dietary source of beta glucan, reports HealthCheckSystems.com. (livestrong.com)
  • The beta glucan in mushrooms is also thought to bolster the immune system, reports HealthCheckSystems.com. (livestrong.com)
  • Beta glucan is found in mushrooms, food yeast and in fiber of some cereals. (rxmed.com)
  • Capsules containing an array of beta-glucans and other active constituents derived from ten of the most healthful species of mushrooms, fortified with an additional 30 mg of beta-1,3-glucan derived from purified yeast. (earthturns.com)
  • NOW Beta-Glucan is blended into a synergistic base of Maitake Mushrooms for added power. (totaldiscountvitamins.com)
  • NOW Beta-Glucan is blended with Maitake Mushrooms for complementary support. (ralphs.com)
  • The beta-glucans from cereals such as oats have a different structure than the beta-glucans from mushrooms or yeasts. (ergo-log.com)
  • Medicinal mushrooms also contain beta-glucan. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • Beta 1,3 glucans isolated from these medicinal mushrooms are thought to have a significant effect on the immune system's functionality. (integrativepsychiatry.net)
  • In 1990, researchers from HiPet USA's headquarters in Los Angeles, California have successfully extracted and purified a powerful compound named "Mushrooms Beta Glucan" which offered exceptional immune system enhancing activity. (hipetusa.com)
  • As the result, Beta glucan extracted from different mushrooms now has trade names used for research and health uses, like Lentinan, D-fraction, AMFM…etc. (hipetusa.com)
  • In general, Beta glucan is derived from the mycelium (roots) and the fruit-bodies of mushrooms. (hipetusa.com)
  • In another study on AMFM, a Beta glucan source which comes from suehirotake mushrooms, mice were given mushroom Beta glucan and were able to block the progression of tumor cells. (hipetusa.com)
  • An article which reviewed several types of mushroom Beta glucan showed that different mushrooms had different effects on different tumors and it was clear that some mushrooms act more strongly against some tumors than against others. (hipetusa.com)
  • In human patients with advanced gastric or colorectal cancer, the administration of beta-1,3 glucans derived from shiitake mushrooms, in conjunction with chemotherapy resulted in prolonged survival times compared to a control group receiving identical chemotherapy. (bayho.com)
  • Lamberts® Beta Glucan Complex is a high strength one a day product that provides a full 250mg of 1,3/1,6 beta glucans and is suitable for vegetarians. (health4youonline.com)
  • Whilst some research uses a daily intake of 500mg yeast beta glucans, most studies demonstrate that a daily intake of 250mg yeast beta glucans is sufficient to provide support for the immune system. (healthspan.co.uk)
  • You have reached Beta-Glucans with ImmunEnhancer (250mg - 60 Vcaps) on Seacoast.com from the manufacturer NOW Foods. (seacoast.com)
  • We're proud to have served 0 customers since 04/19/2014 who were also interested in purchasing Beta-Glucans with ImmunEnhancer (250mg - 60 Vcaps). (seacoast.com)
  • These ingredients are a highly purified beta 1,3/1,6 glucan (which is different from the 1,3/1,4 structure of cholesterol-busting oat beta glucan). (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Bioactive oat beta-glucan is the cholesterol-lowering constituent of CreaNutrition's OatWell(R) oat bran ingredients. (science20.com)
  • Beta-Glucans with ImmunEnhancer is an exceptional combination of immune supporting ingredients helping to strengthen your immune response seasonally and throughout the year. (seacoast.com)
  • To measure the effect of beta-glucan on fecal microflora (number of bacteria, bacterial enzyme activity, SCFA, pH). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To observe the effect of beta-glucan on intestinal symptoms and well-being. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Essentially, the main "side effect" of beta glucan is that it helps your body heal from sickness and disease. (natural-holistic-health.com)
  • The cholesterol lowering effect of Beta-glucan has been demonstrated by a large number of studies over a number of years. (pharmacydirect.com.au)
  • At the current level of scientific understanding it is not possible to characterize the effects of beta-glucan more specifically than to say that it has "immunomodulatory" actions, or that it is a "biological response modifier. (grandstrandmed.com)
  • Activity of beta-glucan synthetase was distributed among membrane and cell wall fractions, specific activity being higher in this latter. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A marked decrease in the activity of beta-glucan synthetase occurred as the cells aged. (biomedsearch.com)
  • As shown in many studies concerning the activity of beta-glucan as an immune stimulator and biological defense modifier, there are benefits to be obtained as an anti-aging supplement. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • Moreover, the anti-infective activity of beta glucan combined with its hematopoiesis-stimulating activity resulted in enhanced survival of mice receiving a lethal dose of 900-1200 cGy of radiation. (bayho.com)
  • Beta 1,3 Glucan capsules may be a useful dietary supplement for those who wish to improve the function of their immune system as well as that of their cardiovascular system. (integrativepsychiatry.net)
  • The use of beta-13D glucan as a supplement is an exciting prospect as yeast-derived beta glucans are noted for their ability to improve the immune system. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Overall, Beta-13D Glucan appears to be a more attractive supplement thanks to its anti-cancer properties, which is something Epicor does not lay claim to. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Natural Beta Glucan Supplement. (earthturns.com)
  • Beta-glucan (Imucell WGP) is an over-the-counter dietary supplement that enhances the body's immune system. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The dietary supplement space is showing a lot of interest in algal-derived beta-glucan, and functional foods are next, says the CSO of Algal Scientific Corporation. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • As a supplement, after swallowing orally, Beta 1,3/1,6 glucan is ingested while performing primarily through macrophage and dendritic immune cells, including Dectin-1 receptors, to nutritionally, according to research, enhance immune cell pathogenic defenses. (betaglucan.org)
  • Of all the beta glucans that have been studied, Beta-1 , 3D seems to hold the most health potential for individuals who supplement with it. (natural-holistic-health.com)
  • Glucan #300 had 8x more immune response than the 2nd place immune supplement. (alternative-doctor.com)
  • During the 3 months that the study lasted, half of the women received a placebo, while the other half received a supplement containing 250 milligrams of yeast beta-glucans daily. (ergo-log.com)
  • The women who took beta-glucans were less likely to experience flu and colds during the supplement. (ergo-log.com)
  • Beta Glucan supplement from Viridian provides zinc, vitamin C and vitamin D which contribute to the normal function of the immune system. (realfoods.co.uk)
  • Natures Own Beta Glucan supplement is a pure extraction and does not contain enough yeast protein to cause any allergic reactions. (bodykind.com)
  • This study evaluated the effect of a specific beta-glucan supplement (Wellmune) on upper respiratory tract symptoms and psychological well-being in women with moderate levels of psychological stress. (nih.gov)
  • This may be one reason why cancer is so vulnerable to beta glucan supplementation. (natural-holistic-health.com)
  • Moreover, supplementation with beta-glucans made the women feel stronger and fitter. (ergo-log.com)
  • In summary Wellmune beta glucan supplementation has been linked with reduced upper respiratory tract infections and improved immune response following periods of intense exercise when the immune system would otherwise be depressed. (healthspan.co.uk)
  • This blend of A.J.'s is a combination of highly purified Beta 1, 3-D Glucan, Resveratrol (from Japanese Knotweed) and Vitamin C. (cleanse.net)
  • For those that want or need additional immune support a person need only to add his company's 500 mg. highly purified Beta 1,3-D Glucan according to the label instructions. (cleanse.net)
  • Based on our results, we can conclude that highly purified and highly active glucans have pleiotropic effects, whereas poorly isolated glucans have only average (if any) biological effect. (alternative-doctor.com)
  • Beta-1,3-glucan basically is a highly purified form of a food product. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • In the late 90s ,he developed a manufacturing process for a highly purified Beta glucan that was affordable for the average person. (oneradionetwork.com)
  • Competition and advances in extraction technology have reduced the cost of products shown to contain Beta glucan to a much more accessible level. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • NOW Extra Strength Beta-Glucans has over twice the Beta-Glucans (250 mg per capsule) as in our regular strength product (100 mg per capsule). (allstarhealth.com)
  • Xtra Strength Beta-Glucans by NOW contains a proprietary extract of Larch Arabinogalactan called ImmunEnhancer. (seacoast.com)
  • At dietary intake levels of at least 3 g per day, oat fiber β-glucan decreases blood levels of LDL cholesterol and so may reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases . (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] β-glucans are used as texturing agents in various nutraceutical and cosmetic products, and as soluble fiber supplements. (wikipedia.org)
  • A serving of oatmeal supplies 0.75 grams of the 3.0 g of β-glucan soluble fiber necessary per day to have this effect. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the diet, β-glucans are a source of soluble, fermentable fiber - also called prebiotic fiber - which provides a substrate for microbiota within the large intestine, increasing fecal bulk and producing short-chain fatty acids as byproducts with wide-ranging physiological activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Oat β-glucans are water-soluble β-glucans derived from the endosperm of oat kernels known for their dietary contribution as components of soluble fiber. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beta glucan is a fiber-type sugar molecule that can help control cholesterol levels. (articleinsider.com)
  • Beta Glucan is a type of soluble fiber that is believed to play a role in lowering cholesterol. (livestrong.com)
  • This is due to the high concentration of soluble fiber from beta glucan contained in oats. (livestrong.com)
  • Oats are valued for their beta-glucans, or soluble dietary fiber, which mimics fat as it gels at room temperature and liquefies during cooking. (auri.org)
  • Products that contain at least 0.75 grams of beta-glucan per serving may use the FDA health claim:"Soluble fiber from foods such as oats, as part of a diet low in saturated fat and cholesterol, may reduce the risk of heart disease. (auri.org)
  • Beta glucan is a form of dietary fiber that optimizes cholesterol levels, boosting heart health. (bccresearch.com)
  • Beta 1,3 Glucan provides 50 mg of the dietary fiber beta-glucan in repeating units of beta-D-glucose joined together in beta-(1,3) linkages. (earthturns.com)
  • Consumption of these compounds has been linked to cholesterol reductions, and FDA, EFSA, and Health Canada all have cardiovascular health claims for either oat fiber or oat beta glucans. (nutritionaloutlook.com)
  • Of all the components of fiber studied for their function and contribution to health, beta-glucans have been the most extensively documented. (breadbeckers.com)
  • Health claims regarding the association between cholesterol lowering and soluble fiber from at least 3g per day oat beta-glucan have been approved by food agencies worldwide, including EFSA and FDA. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • Dietary beta-glucans, e.g. from oat fiber, have been also been shown to improve lipid profiles related to cardiovascular health. (integrativepsychiatry.net)
  • One way to lower high cholesterol is to eat the best super foods rich in fiber, including beta-glucan and inulin. (windowscewebring.com)
  • Beta-glucan and inulin are types of fiber found in various foods and have various benefits, one of which is to lower cholesterol. (windowscewebring.com)
  • Beta-Glucan is a safe natural fiber molecule that scientists are researching and proving it's many health benefits, not only helping the immune system but in combination with other drug therapies, doing a better job to fight cancer. (seacoast.com)
  • Goldman, and later Czop, identified a specific receptor on the cells of macrophage origin that binds to the beta-1,3-D-glucan molecule. (tldp.com)
  • The research on Beta-1, 3-D Glucan, a carbohydrate molecule that enhanced the functioning of the macrophage white blood cell, was extensive and the results were impressive. (oneradionetwork.com)
  • [wellmune.com] You'll find Wellmune's beta-glucans in multiple immunomodulatory supplements. (ergo-log.com)
  • Test-tube , animal , and a few controlled studies in humans suggest that beta-glucans can alter various measurements of immune function. (grandstrandmed.com)
  • These intentionally unsensational terms indicate that we merely know beta-glucan affects (modulates) immune function, not that it improves immune function. (grandstrandmed.com)
  • Scientific studies have shown that Beta-Glucan supports immune function through its ability to stimulate macrophage activity. (totaldiscountvitamins.com)
  • Dectin-1 receptor systems have been incorporated as the pattern recognition receptors [PRRs] of Beta glucans in the innate immune cells of higher animal systems, which function to enhance systemic immune function. (betaglucan.org)
  • Various sources stress the importance that glucans are so effective at enhancing immune function that they can literally work against immune-suppressing drugs that autoimmune patients regularly take. (natural-holistic-health.com)
  • Scientific studies have shown that Beta-1,3/1,6 D-Glucan supports a healthy immune system through its ability to maintain and modulate key aspects of immune function, including macrophage activity and immunoglobulin production. (seacoast.com)
  • The most common forms of β-glucans are those comprising D-glucose units with β-1,3 links. (wikipedia.org)
  • As any other glucan (or polyglucose), it consists of glucose units linked together. (tldp.com)
  • Beta-glucans are chains of glucose units. (ergo-log.com)
  • Yet another study showed that Beta glucans protected lymphocyte blood cells (important in the immune system) from undergoing DNA damage by free radicals. (hipetusa.com)
  • The Global Beta Glucan Market was valued at USD 305.40 million in 2016 and is projected to reach USD 576.28 million by 2025, growing at a CAGR of 7.3% from 2017 to 2025. (bccresearch.com)
  • The global Beta Glucan Market is segmented on the basis of source, type, application, and region. (bccresearch.com)
  • Global beta-glucan market is expected to register a CAGR of 7.0% during the projected period 2015 to2025. (sbwire.com)
  • Click Here for Sample Report @ https://www.mrrse.com/sample/393 global beta-glucan market for the period 2015-2025. (sbwire.com)
  • It serves as a pharmacological target for antifungal drugs such as caspofungin , anidulafungin , and micafungin , deemed 1,3-Beta-glucan synthase inhibitors . (wikipedia.org)
  • This is the glycosyltransferase 48 family, which consists of various 1,3-beta-glucan synthase components including Gls1, Gls2, and Gls3 from yeast . (wikipedia.org)
  • also known as callose synthase catalyses the formation of a beta-1,3-glucan polymer that is a major component of the fungal cell wall . (wikipedia.org)
  • The nearly 50-fold increase in the 50% inhibitory concentration against glucan synthase was commensurate with the increase in whole-cell resistance. (asm.org)
  • R560-1C was cross-resistant to other inhibitors of C. albicans 1,3-beta-D-glucan synthase (aculeacin A, dihydropapulacandin, and others) but not to compounds with different modes of action. (asm.org)
  • We propose that the etg1-1 mutant gene encodes a subunit of the 1,3-beta-D-glucan synthase complex. (asm.org)
  • Therefore, the three enzymatic activities detected in situ reside in a unique protein component (i.e., cyclic beta-(1,2)-glucan synthase). (asm.org)
  • Beta Glucans Tablets, one of Solgar's premium quality products is naturally derived from concentrated yeast cell wall material. (solgar.co.uk)
  • Solgar`s Beta 1,3 Glucans Tablets is one of Solgar`s premium-quality immune support products. (bodykind.com)
  • Solgar Beta Glucans Immune Complex has combined six key nutrients with a berry blend to provide this comprehensive formula. (bodykind.com)
  • Prior to A.J.'s product (circa 1996), one 100 mg. capsule of Beta Glucan used in many university studies cost $198.00 (Sigma G5011). (cleanse.net)
  • Judge by the extent to which the amount of beta glucan in a product enhances the immune response and immune cell activation and not solely by the quantity of any given beta glucan in a capsule. (betaglucan.org)
  • This EFSA statement concerning the naturally occurring oat beta-glucan found in oat bran is the first positive cereal-based, disease-risk reduction opinion. (science20.com)
  • Beta glucan is a scientifically proven biological response modifier (BRM) that naturally and nutritionally potentiates, modulates and helps normalize the immune response. (betaglucan.org)
  • Henry Blooms Cholesterol Balance Powder provides high quality Beta-glucan in a convenient powder to reduce blood cholesterol naturally. (pharmacydirect.com.au)
  • "The key findings of the present study demonstrate that beta-glucan may have potential to alter immunity following a strenuous exercise session," ​wrote the researchers. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Beta Glucans is also used for strengthening immunity, fighting bacterial and viral infections and against syndroms such as Lupus and arthritis. (allhealthguides.com)
  • Although their primary role is to alert the animal's immune system to fungal pathogens through cell surface receptors, beta glucans have been used more readily in both human and livestock as a way to enhance host protective immunity (mucosal and systemic immunity). (kemin.com)
  • Typically, β-glucans form a linear backbone with 1-3 β- glycosidic bonds but vary with respect to molecular mass, solubility, viscosity, branching structure, and gelation properties, causing diverse physiological effects in animals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Differences in molecular weight, shape, and structure of β-glucans dictate the differences in biological activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each type of beta-glucan comprises a different molecular backbone, level of branching, and molecular weight which affects its solubility and physiological impact. (wikipedia.org)
  • Viscosity in the small intestine is determined by the concentration, molecular weight (MW) and solubility of oat beta-glucan. (science20.com)
  • Since the circular permutation yielding cpA16M-59 mimicks that found in the homologous enzyme from Fibrobacter succinogenes, the question arose whether de novo circular permutations, not guided by molecular evolution of the 1,3-1,4-beta-glucanases, could also produce proteins with native-like fold. (rcsb.org)
  • The cholesterol-lowering effect of oat beta-glucan depends on its viscosity in the small intestine, and therefore its molecular weight. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • Our meta-analysis is the first to take this information into account by only including studies using high molecular weight oat beta-glucan. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • The physicochemical properties of beta-glucan vary depending on characteristics of primary structure, including linkage type, degree of branching and molecular weight. (sbwire.com)
  • The molecular weight of the oat beta-glucan was at least 100 kDa in the studies included in the meta-analysis. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
  • Blooms Cholesterol Balance Beta-Glucan Powder is sourced from Scandinavia and due to the advanced technology and precise processing controls, the beta-glucan has good solubility and a high molecular weight, important for gel formation to mop up excess cholesterol. (pharmacydirect.com.au)
  • Although these compounds have exciting potential for enhancement of the immune system, it must be emphasized that this research is in its infancy, and there are differing opinions on which molecular weight, shape, structure, and source of beta-1,3 glucans provide the greatest therapeutic benefit. (bayho.com)
  • There are no absolutes for determining the exact amount of Beta glucan taken to maximize and potentiate your immune system . (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • There has been an increased interest in the past 20 years of the nutritional benefits of beta-glucans. (breadbeckers.com)
  • While there is a wealth of clinical research supporting the safety, efficacy and benefits of beta glucans, it is crucial to use the right processing methods for extraction. (wellmune.com)
  • Yeast and fungal β-glucans contain 1-6 side branches, while cereal β-glucans contain both β-1,3 and β-1,4 backbone bonds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fungal sources contain a mixture of beta-1,3-glucan and beta-1,6-glucan. (grandstrandmed.com)
  • Medical doctors are even using (1-3)-β-D glucan as a non-invasive way to determine if patients have been affected with fungal infections. (natural-holistic-health.com)
  • In Europe, several health claim requests were submitted to the EFSA NDA Panel (Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies), related to the role of β-glucans in maintenance of normal blood cholesterol concentrations and maintenance or achievement of a normal body weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • One portion (30g) of OatWell™ Crispy Hearts per day contains 3g oat beta-glucan, enough to reduce your blood cholesterol levels, and equivalent to three bowls of porridge oats. (hollandandbarrett.com)
  • These studies show that there is a possibility that beta glucans can: reduce the risk of coronary heart disease by lowering blood cholesterol levels.Many oat cereals have been shown to contain beta-glucans, which can help to lower cholesterol. (earthturns.com)
  • According to the positive opinion of the EFSA panel for dietetic products, nutrition and allergies (NDA), foods providing 3g of oat beta-glucan per day can bear the health claim: "Oat beta-glucan has been shown to lower/reduce blood cholesterol. (science20.com)
  • EFSA Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to oat beta-glucan and lowering blood cholesterol and reduced risk of (coronary) heart disease pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 can be found here . (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • A diet low in saturated fat and containing 3 g of Beta-glucan per day can reduce blood cholesterol and reduce dietary and biliary (liver) cholesterol absorption. (pharmacydirect.com.au)
  • The integrity of beta-1,3-D-glucan taken orally differs from other food substances. (tldp.com)
  • Beta-1,3-glucan is not only orally effective, completely non-toxic and safe, but is one of the most potent stimulators of the immune response. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • We provide evidence that yeast-derived beta-glucan has a beneficial effect on ileal barrier function by inhibiting stress effects on the epithelium. (nutraingredients.com)
  • "Our results provide important and novel knowledge, and highlight the possible application of yeast-derived beta-glucan in health disorders and diseases characterised by intestinal barrier dysfunction, such as CD," ​ Keita added. (nutraingredients.com)
  • According to Dr Levine, the algal-sourced beta-glucan has several advantages compared to yeast-derived products, including being a more concentrated source, with over 95% beta-glucan, compared with 60-80% in purified yeast products. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • Scientific studies have shown that yeast-derived Beta-Glucan can interact with certain immune cells, including those present in the gut-associated lymphoid tissue(GALT). (ralphs.com)
  • After joining Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in 1969, Peter J Wood played an instrumental role in isolating and characterizing the structure and bioactive properties of oat β-glucan. (wikipedia.org)
  • A daily intake of 3g of bioactive oat beta-glucan in foods that can be reasonably consumed is recommended as part of a healthy diet and lifestyle. (science20.com)
  • CreaNutrition is a pioneering company with leading expertise in bioactive oat beta-glucan solutions. (science20.com)
  • The applicant intends to market 'yeast beta -glucans' in food supplements at dose levels of up to 375 mg per day and in foods for particular nutritional uses (PARNUTS) at dose levels of up to 600 mg per day. (europa.eu)
  • Clinical results have shown Beta-Glucans to be proven prophylactic supplements during cold season, as well as proven to reduce the number of and severity of symptoms with the common cold. (mothering.com)
  • It's important that when you're looking for Beta-Glucan supplements, you find a product that will maintain its cellular structure as its extracted from its source. (mothering.com)
  • Information and statements regarding beta glucan, dietary supplements or other products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration and are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, mitigate, or prevent any disease. (betaglucan.org)
  • As a note, particulate insoluble beta glucan is the glucan form in nutritional dietary supplements, while soluble glucans are primarily utilized in intravenous applications. (betaglucan.org)
  • Several prior beta glucan studies used larger volumes of beta glucan than found in current effective oral beta glucan nutritional supplements, but these were not experiments designed to determine optimum dosage relative to the immune potentiation capabilities of a specific glucan and most were performed in the 1970's and 1980's. (betaglucan.org)
  • First and foremost, always be sure to check first with your healthcare provider before taking immune-boosting supplements like beta glucan, especially Beta-1, 3D Glucan . (natural-holistic-health.com)
  • Our Beta Glucan supplements have been specially designed with advanced formulas to help support the body`s immune system providing optimum nutritional support. (bodykind.com)
  • On the basis of application, the beta-glucan market is segmented as food & beverages, bakery products, health & dietary supplements, dairy & frozen products, cosmetics & personal care and others (animal feed). (sbwire.com)
  • One of the cholesterol-lowering supplements is beta-glucan and inulin. (windowscewebring.com)
  • Wellmune has contributed over $300 million into research investigating the beneficial properties of yeast beta glucans. (healthspan.co.uk)
  • [4] Cellulose is not conventionally considered a β-glucan, as it is insoluble and does not exhibit the same physicochemical properties as other cereal or yeast β-glucans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The physicochemical properties of (Beta)- glucans vary depending on their structural features (Tsoni and Brown, 2008). (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Out of different glucans, the beta-1,3-D-glucan configuration has been shown to act as a non-specific immune-activator. (tldp.com)
  • There are several different glucans with different levels of activity, the most active of which is beta-1,3-glucan from the cell wall of yeast . (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • Based on these largely theoretical findings, as well a small number of very preliminary human trials, 29-31 various beta-glucan products have been advocated for the treatment of conditions as diverse as allergic rhinitis , cancer , infections, and sepsis (overwhelming infection following major trauma, illness, or surgery). (grandstrandmed.com)
  • However, forecasting the market in terms of various beta-glucan segments, and regions is more a matter of quantifying expectations and identifying opportunities rather than rationalising them after the forecast has been completed. (sbwire.com)
  • When you look at research on mushroom Beta glucan, a large percentage has been done in Asian laboratories in the past. (hipetusa.com)
  • Having these kinds of standardized mushroom Beta glucan can make it easier to compare research studies between laboratories. (hipetusa.com)
  • Mushroom Beta glucan has shown effectiveness as an anti-tumor defense and as an immune system modulator. (hipetusa.com)
  • In one recent study, mushroom Beta glucan was able to activate and promote the release of infection-fighting cytokines to promote a healthy immune response. (hipetusa.com)
  • This means that Mushroom Beta-glucan does not fight a specific disease directly, but rather helps to make the immune system function of our best friends at an optimal level so they can more successfully combat all kinds of diseases. (hipetusa.com)
  • Furthermore, beta-glucan market is segmented by functionality as soluble beta-glucan and insoluble beta-glucan. (sbwire.com)
  • A more viscous internal β-glucan solution generally leads to beneficial physiological effects - including a more pronounced hypoglycemic effect and lowered cholesterol levels, and a decrease in postprandial blood glucose levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists in Norway compiled research that showed Beta Glucans were beneficial to those with allergies and activated monocytes in cancer patients. (mothering.com)
  • Hi there, would Beta Glucan be beneficial to take in recovery after a stem cell transplant in AML? (cancertutor.com)
  • In addition to the beta 1,3 glucans, this natural yeast cell wall concentrate contains beneficial beta 1,6 glucans. (health4youonline.com)
  • Apart from lowering cholesterol levels, several studies have also shown that beta-glucan is beneficial in maintaining a healthy heart and immune system, controlling blood sugar levels, and reducing the risk of developing cancer. (windowscewebring.com)
  • The lower the trimer-tetramer ratio, the higher the β-glucan viscosity in solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • CreaNutrition is pleased about the positive opinion published by EFSA, with its acknowledgment of a strong scientific approach: "The evidence presented indicates that the cholesterol-lowering effect of oat beta-glucan may depend on the increased viscosity in the small intestine that reduces the reabsorption of bile acids, increases the synthesis of bile acids from cholesterol, and reduces circulating (LDL) cholesterol concentrations. (science20.com)
  • The authors review a number of studies using OatWell that demonstrate high viscosity oat beta-glucan can reduce cholesterol and the rise of blood sugar levels after eating. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • A particular interest in oat β-glucan arose after a cholesterol lowering effect from oat bran reported in 1981. (wikipedia.org)
  • OatWell Crispy Hearts contains natural oat bran powder rich in oat beta-glucan, which is scientifically proven to lower cholesterol. (hollandandbarrett.com)
  • De-fatted oat bran can be finely ground and fractionated to make a product with 50 percent more beta-glucans than regular oat bran. (auri.org)
  • This included oat beta-glucan in food matrices such as oat bran and oat bran cereals. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • Beta-Glucans help your immune response in this way to help your body better fight off virus or bacteria that attacks. (mothering.com)
  • Bio-Glucan Plus may help to maintain a healthy immune system, the body's natural defence against infectious bacteria and viruses. (bodykind.com)
  • Typically, beta glucans are major cell wall structural components in yeast and some bacteria. (kemin.com)
  • At a high dose even partially degraded beta-glucan with decreased solubility significantly reduces the glycemic response to bread. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Glucans derived from yeast cell wall are promising alternatives to antibiotics, as they have been shown to improve growth performance and stimulate the immune system of immature broilers. (thepoultrysite.com)
  • In studies on bladder cancer with mice, administration of cyclophosphamide, in conjunction with beta-1,3 glucans derived from yeast resulted in reduced mortality. (bayho.com)
  • Beta Glucan, also known as beta glycans, beta 1,3 and lentinan is a natural form of soluble fibre. (bodykind.com)
  • Nature's Own Beta 1-3, 1-6 Glucan is a natural form of soluble fibre. (bodykind.com)
  • The main mechanism of action of beta glucan is stimulation of immune system cells (macrophages, T cells, NK cells) by bringing them into an active state. (rxmed.com)
  • Beta-glucans have also been shown to enhance the ability of the immune system to fight infection.This occurs because beta-glucans can activate the white blood cells called macrophages. (earthturns.com)
  • On the other hand, there are macrophages that inhabit the intestinal wall and are able to pick up beta-1,3-D-glucan particles through beta-glucan receptors. (tldp.com)
  • Beta-glucans stimulate activity of macrophages. (breadbeckers.com)
  • Glucan receptors to deliver non-self derived glucan to the immune response cells have been identified on macrophages, dendritic cells and other cells. (betaglucan.org)
  • Beta-1,3-glucan is obtained from purified yeast and stimulates the immune system by contacting a specific receptor on the surface of macrophages. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • Macrophages and other immune cells (e.g. dendritic cells and T cells) recognize 1,3-beta glucans through a variety of cell surface receptors, such as dectin-1, complement receptor 3 (CR3), and toll-like receptors (TLR). (kemin.com)
  • Gastrointestinal macrophages engulf the 1,3-beta glucans and transport them throughout the body to secondary lymphoid sites (e.g., lymph nodes, spleen, bone marrow, etc.), while simultaneously releasing fragments of 1,3-beta glucans by macrophages also triggers the release of signaling molecules such as cytokines. (kemin.com)
  • The beta glucans' modulation of the immune system may be mediated by altered activity of macrophages and T cells, elicited by the production and expression of various cytokines. (integrativepsychiatry.net)
  • It was found that Beta glucan can effectively enhance the immune system by activating the macrophages, which work as the front line defense of our body. (hipetusa.com)
  • Beta-1,3-D-glucan itself can elicit broad anti-infective effects. (tldp.com)
  • Such a broad anti-infective spectrum of beta-1,3-glucan can be explained only by the fact that the immunostimulation produced by this unique material is non-specific. (digitalnaturopath.com)
  • In 1997, after reviewing 33 clinical studies performed over the previous decades, the FDA approved the claim that intaking at least 3 g of β-glucan from oats per day decreased saturated fats and reduced the risk of heart disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are numerous scientific research studies about beta-glucans, however, clinical trials only confirm a few uses it. (earthturns.com)
  • Clinical trials have even revealed that the higher the concentration of beta-glucan content of the oat cereal (hot or cold), the greater the cholesterol lowering effect. (earthturns.com)
  • Some clinical trials have shown that beta-glucans can protect against cancer and the development of tumors. (earthturns.com)
  • A new meta-analysis published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition showed that daily consumption of at least 3g oat beta-glucan reduces cholesterol levels. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • Numerous clinical studies with DSM's OatWell oat beta-glucan also confirm this positive effect, as well as the EFSA positive opinion. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • Results of the new meta-analysis, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition ​ ​, indicated that three grams per day of the oat beta-glucan were associated with LDL and total cholesterol reductions of 0.25 mmol/L and 0.30 mmol/L, respectively. (bakeryandsnacks.com)
  • The paper also evaluates clinical trials on the benefits of supplementing with beta glucans. (wellmune.com)
  • Although most of the research with this substance has been done in vitro and parenterally, later research at Baylor College of Medicine, sponsored by ImmuDyne, indicates the oral effectiveness of purified beta-1,3-D-glucan (Wyde, 1989). (tldp.com)
  • This article is an attempt to overview this concept from today's perspectives utilizing modern knowledge of oral effectiveness, and a specific transport mechanism of beta-1,3-D-glucan. (tldp.com)
  • Neither the volume nor weight of beta glucan determines effectiveness or optimum dosage, but rather the key determinant is the degree of activation of the immune response by any given glucan in a specific amount, determined by an acceptable scientific method. (betaglucan.org)
  • The true determinants of immune response activation and effectiveness are beta glucan source, processing (including avoidance of reaggregation or agglomeration during digestion), sizing and uniformity of beta glucan particles ingested. (betaglucan.org)
  • The Department of Health and Human Performance conducted a study using 1,3/1,6 Beta Glucan to evaluate the effectiveness of the immune system when the athlete is most susceptible to infection. (firstendurance.com)
  • The effectiveness of beta glucan is a major boost resistance to diseases in the body, restore immune disorders, lower cholesterol and blood sugar. (greenpeople.org)
  • However, the effectiveness of beta-glucan for treating these diseases still needs further investigation. (windowscewebring.com)
  • In 1997, the FDA recognized the cholesterol lowering effect of oat β-glucan. (wikipedia.org)