A colorless liquid with a sharp burning taste and slight odor. It is used as a local anesthetic and to reduce pain associated with LIDOCAINE injection. Also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutic aid, and in perfumery and flavoring.
Alcohols derived from the aryl radical (C6H5CH2-) and defined by C6H5CHOH. The concept includes derivatives with any substituents on the benzene ring.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A subclass of enzymes which includes all dehydrogenases acting on primary and secondary alcohols as well as hemiacetals. They are further classified according to the acceptor which can be NAD+ or NADP+ (subclass 1.1.1), cytochrome (1.1.2), oxygen (1.1.3), quinone (1.1.5), or another acceptor (1.1.99).
Analogs or derivatives of mandelic acid (alpha-hydroxybenzeneacetic acid).
A widely used industrial solvent.
Oxidoreductases that are specific for ALDEHYDES.
1,1'-Bis(phenylmethyl)4,4'-bipyridinium dichloride. Oxidation-reduction indicator.
A genus of gram-negative bacteria of the family MORAXELLACEAE, found in soil and water and of uncertain pathogenicity.
Substances added to pharmaceutical preparations to protect them from chemical change or microbial action. They include ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS and antioxidants.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of nitrophenyl phosphates to nitrophenols. At acid pH it is probably ACID PHOSPHATASE (EC 3.1.3.2); at alkaline pH it is probably ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE (EC 3.1.3.1). EC 3.1.3.41.
A zinc-containing enzyme which oxidizes primary and secondary alcohols or hemiacetals in the presence of NAD. In alcoholic fermentation, it catalyzes the final step of reducing an aldehyde to an alcohol in the presence of NADH and hydrogen.
Derivatives of BENZOIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxybenzene structure.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria isolated from soil and water as well as clinical specimens. Occasionally it is an opportunistic pathogen.
A family of isomeric, colorless aromatic hydrocarbon liquids, that contain the general formula C6H4(CH3)2. They are produced by the destructive distillation of coal or by the catalytic reforming of petroleum naphthenic fractions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
The motion of phospholipid molecules within the lipid bilayer, dependent on the classes of phospholipids present, their fatty acid composition and degree of unsaturation of the acyl chains, the cholesterol concentration, and temperature.
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
A barbiturate that is effective as a hypnotic and sedative.
A fungistatic compound that is widely used as a food preservative. It is conjugated to GLYCINE in the liver and excreted as hippuric acid.
An antimicrobial, antiseptic, and disinfectant that is used also as an aromatic essence and preservative in pharmaceutics and perfumery.
Organic compounds containing a carbonyl group in the form -CHO.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria found in soil and water. Although considered to be normally nonpathogenic, this bacterium is a causative agent of nosocomial infections, particularly in debilitated individuals.
A commonly used laboratory solvent. It was previously used as an anesthetic, but was banned from use in the U.S. due to its suspected carcinogenicity.
A group of 1,2-benzenediols that contain the general formula R-C6H5O2.
A fluorescent compound that emits light only in specific configurations in certain lipid media. It is used as a tool in the study of membrane lipids.
Parasitic attack or subsistence on the skin by members of the order Phthiraptera, especially on humans by Pediculus humanus of the family Pediculidae. The hair of the head, eyelashes, and pubis is a frequent site of infestation. (From Dorland, 28th ed; Stedman, 26th ed)
Lice of the genus Pediculus, family Pediculidae. Pediculus humanus corporus is the human body louse and Pediculus humanus capitis is the human head louse.
Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.
Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from health professional or health care worker to patients. It includes transmission via direct or indirect exposure to bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral agents.
A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell, especially a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.

Oxidative polymerization of ribonuclease A by lignin peroxidase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Role of veratryl alcohol in polymer oxidation. (1/308)

The mechanism of lignin peroxidase (LiP) was examined using bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A (RNase) as a polymeric lignin model substrate. SDS/PAGE analysis demonstrates that an RNase dimer is the major product of the LiP-catalyzed oxidation of this protein. Fluorescence spectroscopy and amino acid analyses indicate that RNase dimer formation is due to the LiP-catalyzed oxidation of Tyr residues to Tyr radicals, followed by intermolecular radical coupling. The LiP-catalyzed polymerization of RNase in strictly dependent on the presence of veratryl alcohol (VA). In the presence of 100 microM H2O2, relatively low concentrations of RNase and VA, together but not individually, can protect LiP from H2O2 inactivation. The presence of RNase strongly inhibits VA oxidation to veratraldehyde by LiP; whereas the presence of VA does not inhibit RNase oxidation by LiP. Stopped-flow and rapid-scan spectroscopy demonstrate that the reduction of LiP compound I (LiPI) to the native enzyme by RNase occurs via two single-electron steps. At pH 3.0, the reduction of LiPI by RNase obeys second-order kinetics with a rate constant of 4.7 x 10(4) M-1.s-1, compared to the second-order VA oxidation rate constant of 3.7 x 10(5) M-1.s-1. The reduction of LiP compound II (LiPII) by RNase also follows second-order kinetics with a rate constant of 1.1 x 10(4) M-1.s-1, compared to the first-order rate constant for LiPII reduction by VA. When the reductions of LiPI and LiPIi are conducted in the presence of both VA and RNase, the rate constants are essentially identical to those obtained with VA alone. These results suggest that VA is oxidized by LiP to its cation radical which, while still in its binding site, oxidizes RNase.  (+info)

Growth of Azospirillum irakense KBC1 on the aryl beta-glucoside salicin requires either salA or salB. (2/308)

The rhizosphere nitrogen-fixing bacterium Azospirillum irakense KBC1 is able to grow on pectin and beta-glucosides such as cellobiose, arbutin, and salicin. Two adjacent genes, salA and salB, conferring beta-glucosidase activity to Escherichia coli, have been identified in a cosmid library of A. irakense DNA. The SalA and SalB enzymes preferentially hydrolyzed aryl beta-glucosides. A Delta(salA-salB) A. irakense mutant was not able to grow on salicin but could still utilize arbutin, cellobiose, and glucose for growth. This mutant could be complemented by either salA or salB, suggesting functional redundancy of these genes in salicin utilization. In contrast to this functional homology, the SalA and SalB proteins, members of family 3 of the glycosyl hydrolases, show a low degree of amino acid similarity. Unlike SalA, the SalB protein exhibits an atypical truncated C-terminal region. We propose that SalA and SalB are representatives of the AB and AB' subfamilies, respectively, in glycosyl hydrolase family 3. This is the first genetic implication of this beta-glucosidase family in the utilization of beta-glucosides for microbial growth.  (+info)

Catabolite control of Escherichia coli regulatory protein BglG activity by antagonistically acting phosphorylations. (3/308)

In bacteria various sugars are taken up and concomitantly phosphorylated by sugar-specific enzymes II (EII) of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS). The phosphoryl groups are donated by the phosphocarrier protein HPr. BglG, the positively acting regulatory protein of the Escherichia coli bgl (beta-glucoside utilization) operon, is known to be negatively regulated by reversible phosphorylation catalyzed by the membrane spanning beta-glucoside-specific EIIBgl. Here we present evidence that in addition BglG must be phosphorylated by HPr at a distinct site to gain activity. Our data suggest that this second, shortcut route of phosphorylation is used to monitor the state of the various PTS sugar availabilities in order to hierarchically tune expression of the bgl operon in a physiologically meaningful way. Thus, the PTS may represent a highly integrated signal transduction network in carbon catabolite control.  (+info)

In vitro studies on the initial reactions of anaerobic ethylbenzene mineralization. (4/308)

Anaerobic mineralization of ethylbenzene by the denitrifying bacterium Azoarcus sp. strain EB1 was recently shown to be initiated by dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to 1-phenylethanol. 1-Phenylethanol is converted to benzoate (benzoyl coenzyme A) via acetophenone as transient intermediate. We developed in vitro assays to examine ethylbenzene dehydrogenase and 1-phenylethanol dehydrogenase activities in cell extracts of this strain. With p-benzoquinone as the electron acceptor, cell extracts of Azoarcus sp. strain EB1 catalyzed ethylbenzene oxidation at a specific rate of 10 nmol min(-1) [mg of protein](-1) and an apparent K(m) for ethylbenzene of approximately 60 microM. The membrane-associated ethylbenzene dehydrogenase activity was found to oxidize 4-fluoroethylbenzene and propylbenzene but was unable to transform 4-chloro-ethylbenzene, the ethyltoluenes, and styrene. Enzymatic ethylbenzene oxidation was stereospecific, with (S)-(-)-1-phenylethanol being the only enantiomer detected by chiral high-pressure liquid chromatography analysis. Moreover, cell extracts catalyzed the oxidation of (S)-(-)-1-phenylethanol but not of (R)-(+)-1-phenylethanol to acetophenone. When cell extracts were dialyzed, (S)-(-)-1-phenylethanol oxidation occurred only in the presence of NAD(+), suggesting that NAD(+) is the physiological electron acceptor of 1-phenylethanol dehydrogenase. Both ethylbenzene dehydrogenase and 1-phenylethanol dehydrogenase activities were present in Azoarcus sp. strain EB1 cells that were grown anaerobically on ethylbenzene, 1-phenylethanol, and acetophenone, but these activities were absent in benzoate-grown cells.  (+info)

Protective effect of FR168888, a new Na+/H+ exchange inhibitor, on ischemia and reperfusion-induced arrhythmia and myocardial infarction in rats: in comparison with other cardioprotective compounds. (5/308)

We have studied the effects of FR168888 (5-hydroxymethyl-3-(pyrrol-1-yl)benzoylguanidine methanesulfonate), a new Na+/H+ exchange inhibitor, on ischemia and reperfusion-induced arrhythmia and myocardial infarction in anesthetized rats and compared them with those of other cardioprotective compounds. FR168888 had a potent inhibitory effect on Na+/H+ exchange of rat lymphocytes acidified with Na+-propionate with a Ki value of 6.4 nM. Pretreatment with FR168888 (0.032-0.32 mg/kg, i.v.) reduced or completely abolished the ventricular fibrillation (VF) induced by reperfusion after 5 min of regional ischemia, while lidocaine, a class I antiarrhythmic agent, showed less effect against VF as compared with FR168888. The size of myocardial infarction induced by 60-min ischemia and 60-min reperfusion was attenuated by FR168888 dose-dependently (1.0-10 mg/kg, i.v.), and ventricular tachycardia and VF were significantly reduced during the ischemic period. In contrast, propranolol and diltiazem did not show such protective effects on myocardial infarct size. In addition, FR168888 did not change hemodynamic parameters in rats. These results indicate that FR168888 has a strong inhibitory effect on Na+/H+ exchange and that treatment with FR168888 can protect the heart from arrhythmia and myocardial cell death in ischemic and reperfused situations.  (+info)

Veratryl alcohol-mediated oxidation of isoeugenyl acetate by lignin peroxidase. (6/308)

The mechanism of the veratryl alcohol (VA)-mediated oxidation of isoeugenyl acetate (IEA) by lignin peroxidase, and the subsequent spontaneous Calpha-Cbeta cleavage of IEA to vanillyl acetate were studied. IEA oxidation only occurred in the presence of VA. It probably did not bind to lignin peroxidase as evidenced by an unaffected Km for VA in the presence of IEA, and by the fact that a 10-fold molar excess of the unreactive IEA counterpart, eugenyl acetate, did not affect the IEA oxidation rate. IEA was very efficient in recycling VA. Up to 34 mol of IEA were oxidized per mol VA. Formation of the predominant VA oxidation product, veratraldehyde, was postponed until IEA was almost completely oxidized. Together these findings suggest that IEA was oxidized by VA.+ rather than directly by lignin peroxidase. Thus, VA functioned as a redox mediator during IEA oxidation which is remarkable considering the high calculated ionization potential of 8.81 eV. Regardless of the presence of O2, approximately 2 mol of IEA were consumed per mol H2O2, which indicated that IEA was enzymatically oxidized by one electron to the putative radical cation (IEA.+). After formation of IEA.+, a series of O2-dependent chemical reactions were responsible for Calpha-Cbeta cleavage to the major oxidation product vanillyl acetate, as evidenced by the observation that an N2 atmosphere did not inhibit IEA oxidation, but almost completely inhibited vanillyl acetate formation. GC-MS analyses revealed that under an air atmosphere 1-(4'-acetoxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-2-propanone, 1-(4'-acetoxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-1-hydroxy-2-propanone, and 1-(4'-acetoxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-2-hydroxy-1-propanone were also formed. Formation of the latter two was diminished under an N2 atmosphere.  (+info)

(Z)-3-hexenyl and trans-linalool 3,7-oxide beta-primeverosides isolated as aroma precursors from leaves of a green tea cultivar. (7/308)

6-O-beta-D-Xylopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranosides (beta-primeverosides) of (Z)-3-hexenol and trans-linalool 3,7-oxide were newly isolated from fresh leaves of a tea cultivar (Camellia sinensis var. sinensis cv. Yabukita). In addition, the already identified beta-primeverosides of benzyl alcohol, methyl salicylate, and trans-linalool 3,6-oxide from an oolong tea cultivar were isolated from the Yabukita cultivar. It was confirmed that all aglycones of the linalool oxide glycosides isolated here were of the optically active S-form by chiral GC after enzymatic hydrolysis with glycosidase.  (+info)

Combined effects of dissociable and undissociable local anesthetics upon ATP-induced firefly bioluminescence. (8/308)

Combined effects of two drugs present simultaneously are usually expressed as summation, synergism or potentiation, and antagonism. When the sum of the effects of each drug present separately equals the combined effect of the two drugs present simultaneously, the action is called additive or summation. However, the expected value of the sum of each effect of drugs present alone has not been well defined. In this report, the thearetical value of the expected sum of each effect of two inhibitors is given and a graphical method is presented to visualize summation, synergism, and antagonism. The inhibitory effects of a dissociable local anesthetic, tetracaine, and an undissociable local anesthetic, benzyl alcohol, upon a soluble firefly luminescent system were analyzed according to the above theory. The results clearly indicate that the action of these two classes of local anesthetics is pure additive or summation.  (+info)

The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology. 1-acetoxychavicol acetate ligand page. Quantitative data and detailed annnotation of the targets of licensed and experimental drugs.
The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology. 1-acetoxychavicol acetate ligand page. Quantitative data and detailed annnotation of the targets of licensed and experimental drugs.
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Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Jieqiong Wang, Li Zhang, Guoliang Chen, Jing Zhang, Zhenxi Li, Weiqiang Lu, Mingyao Liu, Xiufeng Pang].
Research misconduct? Image duplication? Fabrication? Falsification? Unintentional and inadvertent mistake? Coincidental similarity? Cytokine Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.. ...
Research misconduct? Image duplication? Fabrication? Falsification? Unintentional and inadvertent mistake? Coincidental similarity? Cytokine Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Therapeutics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.. ...
  Inoculation of leaf sections of Datura tatula L. plants with A4 strain ofAgrobacterium rhizogenes, induced transformed roots. The rol C (root loci) gene of TL region of A. rhizogenes was detected by PCR analyses in hair roots. The conversion of exogenous p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol into p-hydroxy-methyl-phenol-β-D-glucoside (gastrodin) was studied using hairy root cultures of D. tatula L. The chemical structure of the synthesized gastrodin was identified on the basis of spectral analysis and chemical evidence. The procedure of conversion of p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol into gastrodin by D. tatula L. hairy root cultures was established. The synthesized gastrodin was isolated from the ferment liquor and identified by spectral analysis. The biotransformation of exogenous p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol to gastrodin using hairy root cultures of D. tatula L. is a promising approach.   Key words: Datura tatula L., hairy root, p
Bis(2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)amine | C18H23NO4 | CID 88696 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
1,4-Cyclohexanebis(methylamine), N,N-bis(2,3-dimethoxybenzyl)-, dihydrochloride | C26H40Cl2N2O4 | CID 102066 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
The reaction of H2O2 with thioanisole and p-methoxythioanisole catalysed by lignin peroxidase from Phanerochaete chrysosporium has been studied spectrophotometrically under turnover and single turnover conditions with a stopped-flow apparatus. Pre-formed lignin peroxidase compounds I and II are each able to react with the sulphides to form a sulphide radical cation. The radical cation is then converted into the sulphoxide either by reaction with the medium or by reaction with compound II. This is the first report of a direct reaction between compound II and the substrate radical cation. With thioanisole, significant enantiomeric selectivity and high oxygen incorporation in the sulphoxide are obtained because compound II is preferentially reduced by the enzyme-bound thioanisole radical cation compared with the neutral substrate. By contrast, with p-methoxythioanisole, the data imply formation of an intermediate ternary complex comprising compound II, radical cation and neutral substrate, such ...
Veratraldehyde is an important chemical used in perfumery, agrochemical, and pharmaceutical industries. Current processes of manufacture of veratraldehyde use homogeneous catalysts, which make them highly polluting, creating problems of disposal of effluents and product purity. In the current work, veratraldehyde was synthesized from O-alkylation of vanillin with an environmentally benign reagent, dimethyl carbonate. A series of potassium loaded La2O3-MgO were prepared by the incipient wetness impregnation method, and their performance was evaluated vis-à-vis MgO, La2O3, La2O3-MgO, and a series of 1-4 wt % K/La2O3-MgO. All catalysts were characterized by different techniques, such as N2 adsorption/desorption, XRD, TGA-DSC, FT-IR, CO2-TPD, and SEM techniques. The effect of different loadings (1-4 wt %) of potassium on La2O3-MgO was studied, among which 2 wt % K/La2O3-MgO showed the best activity and selectivity due to high dispersion of potassium and high basicity in comparison with the rest. ...
A novel and efficient oxidation of salicyl alcohols to the corresponding salicylaldehydes catalyzed by lipase is reported for the first time. Under the optimal reaction conditions, the method exhibited high yields (81-95%) and selectivities for salicylaldehydes. Moreover, this study expands the application of enzyme catalytic promiscuity in organic synthesis.
InCHi String: canonical and isomeric SMILES: C1=CC(=CC=C1CO)O. PUBCHEM iupac NAME: PUBCHEM iupac OPENEYE NAME: PUBCHEM iupac CAS NAME: PUBCHEM iupac SYSTEMATIC NAME ...
The Wang support is the most widely used resin for attaching carboxylic acids for further functionalisation. Cleavage conditions for the ester anchor involve concentrated TFA or TFA/CH₂CI₂ mixtures to provide carboxylic acids or cyclization-cleavage under acidic or basic conditions. Release of an amide function by treatment with an amine in the presence of a Lewis acid was also reported. Wang resin was used to add vinyl and iodobenzoic acids via carbodiimide coupling and the products subjected to Heck conditions with alkenes or with alkynes or to Suzuki coupling with boron reagents. The Ugi multicomponent condensation reaction was conducted on Wang resin with the carboxylic acid, amine or isonitrile as the anchored functional group. On a Wang resin primary, secondary, and tertiary alcohols have been converted to 4-methoxy-benzyl ethers. As well as anchoring carboxylic acids to this resin, phenols were attached under Mitsunobu conditions, subjected to further transformations and cleaved under ...
Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) is a freely available dictionary of molecular entities focused on small chemical compounds.
Wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion. Extinguishing media: Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire ...
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
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A method is described for the determination of plasma concentration of (-)-alpha-(3,4-dimethoxyphenethylaminomethyl)-4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol (TA-064), a new, selectively inotropic cardiotonic agent, based on selected ion monitoring gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The plasma TA-064 concentration rose rapidly and reached a peak within 60 min after oral administration. The mean peak value of five volunteers was 14.4 ng/ml. About 30-40% of the dose was excreted as free and conjugated TA-064 and conjugates of five metabolites in the human 24-hr urine. The five urinary metabolites were characterized by mass spectrometry after gas- or high performance liquid chromatographic separation: they were 4-demethyl-, 3-methoxy-, and 4-demethyl-3-methoxy-TA-064 as the major and 3-demethyl- and 3-hydroxy-4-methoxy-TA-064 as the minor metabolites. Therefore, the metabolic reactions involved are demethylation at either one of the two adjacent methoxy functions and hydroxylation at the ortho position to the ...
Fluticasone furoate/vilanterol versus fluticasone propionate in patients with asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction Academic Article ...
This trial is compared the efficacy of vilanterol/fluticasone furoate delivered via a dry powder inhaler versus vilanterol alone and placebo in patients with
This will be a Phase IIIb multicentre, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, 12-week parallel group study evaluating the effects of once daily in the morning treatment of FF/VI Inhalation Powder versus Fluticasone Propionate/Salmeterol Inhalation Powder twice daily on lung function in COPD subjects.. Subjects will be screened and will enter a 2-week, single-blind (placebo), Run-In Period to evaluate the subjects adherence with study treatment, study procedures and assessment of disease stability.. At the end of the Run-In Period, subjects will return to the Clinic and who meet all of the Randomization Criteria will be randomized to double-blind study medication (12-week treatment period). Subjects will be randomized to receive either FF/VI 100/25 via NDPI or Fluticasone Propionate/Salmeterol 250/50mcg via ACCUHALER/DISKUS. Matching placebos will be available in NDPI and ACCUHALER/DISKUS. Each morning (approximately 6-10 AM) subjects will take 1 inhalation from the NDPI followed by 1 ...
Looking for benzyl alcohol? Find out information about benzyl alcohol. C6H5CH2OH An alcohol that melts at 15.3°C, boils at 205.8°C, and is soluble in water and readily soluble in alcohol and ether; valued for the esters it... Explanation of benzyl alcohol
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The lignin peroxidase (LiP) catalyzed oxidation of pyrogallol red (PR) in the absence and presence of veratryl alcohol (3,4-dimethoxybenzyl alcohol, VA) was carried out in bis (2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate sodium (AOT)/ polyoxyethylene lauryl ether (Brij30) reversed micelles to elucidate the role of VA. Results indicated that VA could accelerate the LiP catalyzed oxidation of PR, especially at low H2O2 concentrations. Unlike in bulk aqueous medium, the protection of LiP by VA in the present medium was relatively unsubstantial, even at high H2O2 concentrations. Analysis of data from a series of experiments showed that the enhancement of the PR oxidation caused by VA was mainly due to the indirect oxidation of PR by VA+∙ from the LiP catalyzed oxidation of VA. It was also found that at the same protector concentration (40 μM), VA (the physiological substrate of LiP) was less effective than PR (a phenolic compound) in protecting LiP from the H2O2 derived inactivation. This novel phenomenon ...
Participants were instructed to take single-blind placebo twice a day (one inhalation from a multi-dose powder inhaler [MPI] and one inhalation from a dry powder inhaler [DPI] in the morning; one inhalation from an MPI in the evening). In addition, all participants received supplemental albuterol (salbutamol) (via a metered dose inhaler [MDI] and/or nebules) to be used on an as-needed basis. Ipratropium bromide alone was permitted, provided that the participant was on a stable dose from Visit 1 (Screening) and remained on the stable dose throughout the study; however, ipratropium must have been withheld for 4 hours prior to and during each clinic visit ...
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Benzyl alcohol and ethanol were found to exhibit an opposite effect on cold adaptation ofBacillus subtilis. The growth lag induced in bacteria by temperature shift-down was reduced in the presence of benzyl alcohol from 80 to 58 min, whereas ethanol prolonged this interval up to 102 min. In parallel, the physical state of the cytoplasmic membrane in intact bacteria was examined with the help of steady-state fluorescence anisotropy of diphenylhexatriene. Benzyl alcohol decreased the anisotropy as a consequence of membrane fluidization whereas ethanol increased its value, suggesting membrane rigidization. The correlation of growth and fluorescence data indicates that the control of membrane structure represents an important part of bacterial adaptation to cold.
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MOESM1 of Oxidation of a non-phenolic lignin model compound by two Irpex lacteus manganese peroxidases: evidence for implication of carboxylate and radicals
0047] Unexpectedly, in these methods and processes, melt index parameters such as MI and HLMI of the olefin polymer can decrease as the amount of the alcohol compound added to the polymerization reactor system is increased. Also unexpectedly, molecular weight parameters such as Mw and Mz of the olefin polymer can increase as the amount of the alcohol compound added to the polymerization reactor system is increased. The alcohol compound can be added to the polymerization reactor system (e.g., into a polymerization reactor) alone, with a carrier, with the dual catalyst system, etc. The amount of the alcohol compound added to the reactor system is not particularly limited, so long as the amount of the alcohol compound added to the reactor system is sufficient to impact at least one of the MI, HLMI, Mw, and Mz of the olefin polymer as described herein, and does not adversely impact the catalyst activity or polymer production rate in a significant manner (e.g., 20%+ reduction in catalyst activity, ...
Deflazacort Oral Suspension contains benzyl alcohol and is not approved for use in pediatric patients less than 5 years of age. Serious adverse reactions including fatal reactions and gasping syndrome occurred in premature neonates and low birth weight infants in the neonatal intensive care unit who received drugs containing benzyl alcohol as a preservative. In these cases, benzyl alcohol dosages of 99 to 234 mg/kg/day produced high levels of benzyl alcohol and its metabolites in the blood and urine (blood levels of benzyl alcohol were 0.61 to 1.378 mmol/L). Additional adverse reactions included gradual neurological deterioration, seizures, intracranial hemorrhage, hematologic abnormalities, skin breakdown, hepatic and renal failure, hypotension, bradycardia, and cardiovascular collapse. Preterm, low-birth weight infants may be more likely to develop these reactions because they may be less able to metabolize benzyl alcohol. The minimum amount of benzyl alcohol at which serious adverse ...
This study comparedadherence and exacerbations in asthma patients receiving Fluticasone Furoate/Vilanterol and Twice Daily Budesonide/Formoterol in a US health
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A sustainable procedure for the synthesis of various alkyl arylacetates from benzyl alcohols has been developed. With palladium as the catalyst and organic carbonates as the green solvent and in situ activator, benzyl alcohols were carbonylated in an efficient manner without any halogen additives.
Product Name Benzyl Alcohol CAS NO. 100-51-6 EINECS 202-859-9 Molecular Formula C7H8O Molecular Weight 108.14 Purity 99% Grade Pharmaceutical Grade Appearance White Crystalline Powder Antibacterial Agent Benzyl alcohol is used as...
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Benzyl alcohol topical is used to treat head lice in people between 6 months of age and 60 years old. Benzyl alcohol topical may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Looking for online definition of salicyl aldehyde in the Medical Dictionary? salicyl aldehyde explanation free. What is salicyl aldehyde? Meaning of salicyl aldehyde medical term. What does salicyl aldehyde mean?
Lignin decomposition involves a series of enzymes that oxidize phenolic] and non-phenolic lignin units. The first step in lignin decomposition produces aromatic radicals by oxidizing the lignin polymer. Laccases and lignin peroxidases (e.g. lignin peroxidase, manganese peroxidase) are extracellular enzymes involved in this first step. Laccases directly oxidize phenolic lignin units using molecular oxygen. However, phenolic lignin units comprise less than 10% of the lignin polymer, with non-phenolic units making up to 90% of the polymer. Lignin peroxidase (LiP) degrades non-phenolic lignin units by first being oxidized by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), then oxidizing aromatic nuclei of soluble lignin units. LiP can be recycled through oxidation by H2O2. The oxidized aromatic radical species are further involved in non-enzymatic radical reactions resulting in polymer cleavages[1][8]. Manganese peroxidase (MnP) oxidizes Mn2+ to Mn3+, Mn2+ being a commonly available element in soils and ...
The report generally describes 2,4-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol, examines its uses, production methods, patents. 2,4-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl
Two phenolic glycosides compounds have been isolated from the seeds of Cucurbita moschata are (2-hydroxy)phenylcarbinyl 5-O-benzoyl-beta-D-apiofuranosyl(1-,2)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1) dan 4-beta-D-(glucopyranosyl hydroxymethyl)phenyl 5-O-benzoyl-beta-D-apiofuranosyl(1-,2)-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2) (Li et al., 2009).. Five new phenolic glycoside compounds cucurbitosidesA-E (1-5), isolated from the seeds Cucurbita moschata are 2-(4-hydroxy)phenylethanol 4-O-(5-O-benzoyl)-β-D-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethanol 4-O-[5-O-(4-hydroxy)benzoyl]-β-D-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol 4-O-(5-O-benzoyl)-β-D-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside (3), 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol 4-O-[5-O-(4-hydroxy)benzoyl]-β-D-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside (4) and 4-hydroxyphenyl 5-O-benzoyl-β-D-apiofuranosyl(1→2)-β-D-glucopyranoside (5) (Koike K., et al., 2005).. ...
Linear Formula : C6H5CH2OH. Molecular Weight : 108.14. Benzyl Alcohol BP. Physical Appearance : Clear Colourless Liquid. Odour : Faintly Aromatic. Sp. Gravity At 20oC : 1.040 - 1.050. Aldehyde Content(by Gc) : 0.1%. Solubility : Comply As Per Bp. Assay(by Gc) : Nlt 99.0 %. Presence Of Chlrinated Compound : Free From Chlorine. Acid Value : Nmt 0.2 %. Packing : 220 Kgs In Hm/hdpe Drums. 35/30 Carboys/ 220 Kgs In Gi Drums. ...
Benzyl alcohol used as ointments preservatives, fiber, nylon and plastic films desiccant, PVC stabilizers, photographic developer, solvent of acetate fiber, ink, paint, paint, epoxy resin coating, dye, such as gelatin, casein, shellac ,...
Benzyl Alcohol is best known for its low volatility and toxicity, functioning as a coalescent, solvent, biostat, and as a starting material in synthesis.
Benzyl alcohol is a good solvent of boiling point, mainly used in paint solvent, ink solvent, plexiglass solvent, reagent camera. PVC stabilizer , medicine. Sy
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103955-90-4 - YGFQCJGXLSFQPL-UHFFFAOYSA-N - 3-(N-Acetylamino)-5-(N-decyl-N-methylamino)benzyl alcohol - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
As this eMedTV Web page explains, in some cases, an alternative to benzyl alcohol lotion will need to be considered. This primarily applies to people who are allergic to any of the drugs components, but you should discuss this with your doctor.
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The enzyme that catalyses the hydroxylation of the methyl group of p-cresol was purified from Pseudomonas putida. It has mol.wt. 115000 and appears to contain two subunits of equal molecular weight. One subunit is a c-type cytochrome and the other is a flavoprotein. Reduction of the cytochrome occurred on addition of substrate. The same enzyme catalyses both p-cresol hydroxylation and the further oxidation of the product, 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol. The stoicheiometry of acceptor reduced per molecule of substrate oxidized is that for two dehydrogenation reactions. The Km for p-cresol is 7.3 × 10(-6) M and that for 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol is 47.6 × 10(-6) M. The enzyme, which is assayed with phenazine methosulphate as electron acceptor, was stimulated by particulate material, which probably contains the acceptor in vivo. ...
The chemist should also be reputable and able to answer any and all questions about the benzyl alcohol as well as provide you with USP grade product. You can also ask a local pharmacist about the best way to buy benzyl alcohol. When you are in need of benzyl alcohol in the form of a shampoo to treat lice, it can be a very simple purchase ...
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) is an international peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that seeks to understand the sources and to encourage rigorous research in this new, yet ancient world of complementary and alternative medicine.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Veratryl alcohol-mediated oxidation of isoeugenyl acetat by lignin peroxidase. AU - ten Have, R.. AU - de Thouars, R.G.. AU - Swarts, H.J.. AU - Field, J.A.. N1 - 234. PY - 1999. Y1 - 1999. M3 - Article. VL - 265. SP - 1008. EP - 1114. JO - European Journal of Biochemistry. JF - European Journal of Biochemistry. SN - 0014-2956. ER - ...
GSK and Theravance, Inc. today announced that the Pulmonary-Allergy Drugs Advisory Committee (PADAC) to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) voted 11 yes to 2 no that the efficacy and safety data provide substantial evidence to support approval of umeclidinium/vilanterol (UMEC/VI, 62.5/25mcg dose) for the long-term, once-daily, maintenance bronchodilator treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
It is prepared by treating benzyl chloride with base. Friedrich Brühne; Elaine Wright (2007). "Benzyl Alcohol". Ullmann's ... It is classified as an ether derived from benzyl alcohol. A colorless, nearly odorless oil, the compound's main use is as a ...
Another example of a SKIE is the oxidation of benzyl alcohols by dimethyldioxirane where three transition states for different ... Angelis YS, Hatzakis NS, Smonou I, Orfanopoulos M (2006). "Oxidation of benzyl alcohols by dimethyldioxirane. The question of ... By NMR spectroscopy, it is therefore easy to detect whether the alcohol in wine was fermented from glucose, or from illicitly ... Another example of tunneling contribution to proton transfer in enzymatic reactions is the reaction carried out by alcohol ...
... contain 15 mg benzyl alcohol per 1 mL as a preservative. Premature infants who have been given large amounts of benzyl alcohol ... "The Gasping Syndrome and Benzyl Alcohol Poisoning". New England Journal of Medicine. 307 (22): 1384-1388. doi:10.1056/ ...
Benzyl alcohol is used as well. Activators increase the penetration rate; for dichloromethane water is suitable, other choices ...
Alcohol 12 was protected by a benzyl group. The acetonide protecting group was removed from the ketone. Ketone 14 was converted ... The primary alcohol was protected as a silyl ether and the secondary alcohol was activated as a triflate (11). Heating this ... Subsequent reduction using sodium borohydride produced alcohol 51 . Reaction of this alcohol with the Ojima lactam 52 and a ... was protected as a benzyl ether, which was replaced much later in the synthesis (alcohol 42, Scheme 5) Protection: carbonyl ...
In Australia, Cēpacol lozenges contain cetylpyridinium chloride and benzyl alcohol. Cepacaine lozenges contains lignocaine and ...
Benzyl alcohol can be formed from benzaldehyde by means of hydrogenation. Reaction of benzaldehyde with anhydrous sodium ... Numerous other methods have been developed, such as the partial oxidation of benzyl alcohol, alkali hydrolysis of benzal ... one molecule of the aldehyde is reduced to the benzyl alcohol and another molecule is simultaneously oxidized to benzoic acid. ... "The benzaldehyde oxidation paradox explained by the interception of peroxy radical by benzyl alcohol" (PDF). Nature ...
Benzyl trichloroacetimidate is easily accessible from benzyl alcohol and trichloroacetonitrile. Benzyl trichloroacetimidate is ... 1993). "A useful application of benzyl trichloroacetimidate for the benzylation of alcohols". Tetrahedron. 49: 1619-1624. ... For example, alcohols give O-alkyltrichloroacetimidates under basic catalysis in a direct and reversible addition, which can be ... Schaefer, Fred C.; Peters, Grace A. (1961). "Base-Catalyzed Reaction of Nitriles with Alcohols. A Convenient Route to Imidates ...
It contains 2% benzyl alcohol, so it is less painful than ethanol. However it does cause hemolysis and kidney failure in large ... The alcohol does need some time to denature proteins of the endothelium and activate the coagulation system to cause a blood ... polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) - These are permanent agents. They are tiny balls 50-1200 um in size. The particles are not meant to ...
Peligot's salt can oxidize benzyl alcohol, a reaction which can be catalyzed by acid. A related salt, pyridinium chlorochromate ... Özgün, B.; Pek, A. (1991). "Kinetics and mechanism of the oxidation of benzyl alcohol by potassium chlorochromate". Reaction ...
There is a formulation with benzyl alcohol, which is toxic to babies; other formulations should be used. Sargramostim has not ...
As a preservative, the injectable solution contains benzyl alcohol. Toxicity from propylene glycol has been reported in the ... They should also not drive, operate machinery, or use alcohol within this period. Drug and alcohol dependence - The risk of ... benzyl alcohol as preservative. Lorazepam injectable solution is administered either by deep intramuscular injection or by ... It is the classic way in which acute alcohol intoxication may affect a person. Benzodiazepines should not be administered to ...
For example, benzaldehyde decomposes into benzoic acid and benzyl alcohol, the Cannizzaro reaction. In the autumn of 1855, ... Cannizzaro, S. (1853). "Ueber den der Benzoësäure entsprechenden Alkohol" [On the alcohol corresponding to benzoic acid]. ... aldehydes are decomposed by an alcoholic solution of potassium hydroxide into a mixture of the corresponding acid and alcohol. ...
Benzyl alcohol and benzyl chloride and virtually all benzyl derivatives are readily oxidized to benzoic acid. Benzoic acid is ... Reduction to benzaldehyde and benzyl alcohol is possible using DIBAL-H, LiAlH4 or sodium borohydride. Decarboxylation to ... "Oxidation of Benzyl Alcohol using in Situ Generated Hydrogen Peroxide". Organic Process Research & Development. 18 (11): 1455- ... "Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Benzyl Alcohol, Benzoic Acid, and Sodium Benzoate". Int J Tox. 20 (Suppl. 3): 23-50. ...
Marinescu, L. G.; Bols, M. "Very High Rate Acceleration of Benzyl Alcohol Oxidation by an Artificial Enzyme." Ang. Chem. Int. ...
Cosmetic Ingredient Review Expert Panel Bindu Nair (2001). "Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Benzyl Alcohol, Benzoic ...
"Structure-Reactivity Studies and Catalytic Effects in the Photosolvolysis of Methoxy-Substituted Benzyl Alcohols". J. Chem. Soc ... Additionally, the addition of an o-hydroxy group enables the release of alcohols, phenols and carboxylic acids due to the ... Barltrop and Schofield first demonstrated the use of a benzyl-based PPG, structural variations have focused on substitution to ... Zhao, H.; Sterner, E. S.; Coughlin, E. B.; Theato, P. (28 February 2012). "Nitrobenzyl Alcohol Derivatives: Opportunities in ...
"Synthesis of Enantioenriched Secondary and Tertiary Alcohols via Tricarbonylchromium(0) Complexes of Benzyl Allyl Ethers". ... complexes of benzyl allyl ethers Cyclisation of bisphosphonate substituted enynes Substitution of a benzylic hydrogen by ... "Substitution of a benzylic hydrogen by nucleophiles on a chromium tricarbonyl complex of a benzyl ether". Tetrahedron Letters. ... Gossonorol and Cyclisation to Boivinianin B Synthesis of enantioenriched secondary and tertiary alcohols via ...
It is also contraindicated in newborns and small children, mainly due to the presence of benzyl alcohol, which is included as a ... Injectable products have a pH from 3.5-5. Benzyl alcohol or chlorobutanol is added as a preservative agent in the commercially ... It is soluble in water, sparingly soluble in alcohol and practically insoluble in ether. ...
The benzyl alcohol thus formed is quickly converted to the chloride under the reaction conditions. Other possibilities for the ... "Production of Benzyl Chloride by Chloromethylation of Benzene. Laboratory and Pilot Plant Studies". Industrial & Engineering ... since they undergo further electrophilic attack by Friedel-Crafts alkylation with the formed benzylic alcohol/chloride in an ...
It is believed that in humans, benzyl alcohol is metabolised to benzaldehyde by CYP rather than alcohol dehydrogenase; however ... The first four seem to be involved in the hydroxylation of toluene to benzyl alcohol. CYP2E1 seems to be the primary enzyme in ... The primary route of toluene metabolism is by hydroxylation to benzyl alcohol by members of the cytochrome P450 (CYP) ... CYP2E1 catalyses the formation of benzyl alcohol and p-cresol, while CYP2B6 produces comparatively little p-cresol. ...
Benzyl alcohol appears effective but it is unclear if it is better than standard treatments. Abametapir was approved for ... Other home remedies, such as putting vinegar, isopropyl alcohol, olive oil, mayonnaise, or melted butter under a shower cap, ...
The ketone is then reduced with sodium borohydride yielding a benzyl alcohol. Condensation with 4-hydroxycoumarin under HCl ... She had no history of liver disease or alcohol or illicit substance abuse. Initial physical examination was remarkable only for ...
Recently the suspected human carcinogen methylene chloride is being replaced by benzyl alcohol with great success. Powder ...
M1 Oxide Catalysts in Selective Oxidation of Propane and Benzyl Alcohol". ACS Catalysis. 3 (6): 1103-1113. doi:10.1021/ ...
... solutions often contain preservatives such as benzalkonium chloride and benzyl alcohol. Preservative-free products ...
An early method for production of benzoyl chloride involved chlorination of benzyl alcohol. It reacts with water to produce ... It reacts with alcohols to give the corresponding esters. Similarly, it reacts with amines to give the amide. It undergoes the ...
... isopropyl and benzyl aromatic esters to alcohols using sodium borohydride-methanol system" (PDF). Arkivoc: 128-133. Retrieved ... reduces esters to the corresponding alcohols. Mixing water or an alcohol with the borohydride converts some of it into unstable ... Nevertheless, an alcohol, often methanol or ethanol, is generally the solvent of choice for sodium borohydride reductions of ... Sodium borohydride is soluble in protic solvents such as water and lower alcohols. It also reacts with these protic solvents to ...
Exploratory studies continued in which it was combined with a large number of commercially available benzyl alcohols. In the ... Those on the cyclopropane ring and on the tetrafluorobenzene ring are oxidized to alcohol groups which can be further oxidized ... In phase II metabolism, the phase I metabolites are glucuronidated on any available alcohol groups to facilitate membrane ... 6-tetrafluorobenzyl alcohol. The latter was a novel compound when tefluthrin was invented and the choice of routes to it has ...
... s can act as protecting group for alcohols. For example, the base catalyzed reaction of benzyl alcohol upon ... This proceeds via the acid catalyzed attack of nitriles by alcohols. Imidates produced in this manner are formed as their ... Aliphatic imidates react with an excess of alcohol under acid catalysis to form orthoesters RC(OR)3, aromatic imidates can also ... and an alcohol, with the general formula R-C(=NR')OR". They are also known as imino ethers, since they resemble imines (>C=N-) ...
2S)-1-[(2S,4R)-4-benzyl-2-hydroxy-4-{[(1S,2R)-2-hydroxy-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl]carbamoyl}butyl]-N-tert-butyl-4-(pyridin-3- ... Secondary alcohols. *Tert-butyl compounds. Hidden categories: *Articles with changed EBI identifier ...
The amino-ketone was reduced with lithium aluminum hydride to the corresponding amino-alcohol, and the N-benzyl group finally ... I. Aralkylamines and Alcohols." J. Org. Chem. 25 1779-1784. R. Lukes, V. Dienstbierova, J. Kovar and K. Blaha (1961). "Uber die ... Chemically, N-methylphenyethanolamine is an aromatic compound, an amine, and an alcohol. The amino-group makes this compound a ...
Agonists: Alcohols (e.g., butanol, ethanol (alcohol), trichloroethanol). *m-CPBG. *Phenylbiguanide. *Piperazines (e.g., BZP, ... 1-Benzyl-4-(2-(diphenylmethoxy)ethyl)piperidine. *2-Benzylpiperidine. *2-Methyl-3-phenylpiperidine ...
For example, lithium aluminium hydride is a highly reactive but useful reagent capable of reducing esters to alcohols. It will ... Benzyl (Bn) - Removed by hydrogenolysis. Bn group is widely used in sugar and nucleoside chemistry. ... p-Methoxybenzyl (PMB) - Removed by hydrogenolysis, more labile than benzyl. *3,4-Dimethoxybenzyl (DMPM) - Removed by ... In the example shown, the protected amino acid tyrosine, the benzyl ester can be removed by hydrogenolysis, the ...
1-Benzyl-4-(2-(diphenylmethoxy)ethyl)piperidine. *2-Benzylpiperidine. *2-Methyl-3-phenylpiperidine ...
Positive modulators: Alcohols (e.g., brometone, chlorobutanol (chloretone), ethanol (alcohol), tert-butanol (2M2P), ... "Penicillin, Benzyl". International Drug Price Indicator Guide. Retrieved 8 December 2016.. *^ Hamilton, Richart (2015). ... There are many different types of techniques to recover benzyl penicillin, aqueous two-phase extraction, liquid membrane ...
Dackis CA, Gold MS (1990). "Addictiveness of central stimulants". Advances in Alcohol & Substance Abuse. 9 (1-2): 9-26. doi: ... 1-Benzyl-4-(2-(diphenylmethoxy)ethyl)piperidine. *2-Benzylpiperidine. *2-Methyl-3-phenylpiperidine ... 5600 Fishers Lane Rockville, MD 20857: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service Alcohol, Drug Abuse, ... "Long Island Council on Alcohol & Drug Dependence - About Drugs - Stimulants". Archived from the original on 5 June 2008. ...
The ring nitrogen is then protected as its ethyl carbamate by acylation with ethyl chloroformate (6). The benzyl carbamate ...
For example, methyl and ethyl amines are gases under standard conditions, whereas the corresponding methyl and ethyl alcohols ... The most industrially significant amines are prepared from ammonia by alkylation with alcohols:[5] ...
Positive modulators: Alcohols (e.g., brometone, chlorobutanol (chloretone), ethanol (alcohol), tert-butanol (2M2P), ... Brooks PA, Grace RF (August 2002). "Ivermectin is better than benzyl benzoate for childhood scabies in developing countries". ...
The hydroformylation (oxo reaction) of ethylene results in propionaldehyde, a precursor to propionic acid and n-propyl alcohol. ...
... to alcohol 2.9. Palladium on carbon hydrogenation removed the benzyl protecting group allowing the Swern oxidation of 2.10 to ... The C13 alcohol protective group was removed in 5.10 (TASF) enabling the tail addition of Ojima lactam 5.11 (this step is ... The alcohol group was replaced by bromine in an Appel reaction which caused an elimination reaction (loss of HBr) to ... The THP group was removed with TsOH to 1.9 and the formed alcohol oxidized by Swern oxidation to aldehyde 1.10. The TIPS silyl ...
For example, acetazolamide and ammonium chloride are known to enhance the intoxicating effect of salicylates, and alcohol also ... drink alcohol, take other NSAIDs, or are on other blood thinners.[4] Aspirin is not recommended in the last part of pregnancy.[ ... the risk of stomach bleeding is still increased when aspirin is taken with alcohol or warfarin.[86][87] People with hemophilia ...
Crotyl alcohol (CH3CH=CH−CH2OH). *Dimethylallyl pyrophosphate, central in the biosynthesis of terpenes, a precursor to many ... The homoallylic alcohol products can undergo a variety of diversity-generating reactions such as ozonolysis, epoxidation, and ... mediated allylation is an attractive option for generating homoallylic alcohols directly from allyl halides and carbonyl ... a type of organic reaction in which an activated allyl group is added to carbonyl group producing an allylic tertiary alcohol. ...
Propiolic acid is prepared commercially by oxidizing propargyl alcohol at a lead electrode.[12][dubious - discuss]. ... The cathodic reduction of a nitrile to a primary amine in a divided cell; the cathodic reduction of benzyl cyanide to ... An electrochemical carboxylation of a para-isobutylbenzyl chloride to Ibuprofen is promoted under supercritical carbon dioxide. ... The method was invented in the 1930s.[25] Amines, alcohols, carboxylic acids, and sulfonic acids are converted to the ...
1-Benzyl-4-(2-(diphenylmethoxy)ethyl)piperidine. *2-Benzylpiperidine. *2-Methyl-3-phenylpiperidine ... Alcohols. *Nervous system drug stubs. Hidden categories: *Chemical pages without DrugBank identifier ...
While the N-benzyl derivatives of 2C-I had significantly increased binding to 5HT2A receptor fragments, compared to 2C-I, the N ... Agonists: Alcohols (e.g., butanol, ethanol (alcohol), trichloroethanol). *m-CPBG. *Phenylbiguanide. *Piperazines (e.g., BZP, ... with superpotent N-benzyl phenethylamine agonists". Molecular Pharmacology. 70 (6): 1956-1964. doi:10.1124/mol.106.028720. PMID ... benzyl derivatives of DOI were less active compared to DOI.[3] ... "Synthesis and Structure-Activity Relationships of N-Benzyl ...
Benzaldehyde reacts with sodium benzyloxide (generated from sodium and benzyl alcohol) to generate benzyl benzoate.[16] The ... Alcohols react with acyl chlorides and acid anhydrides to give esters: RCOCl + R′OH → RCO2R′ + HCl. (RCO)2O + R′OH → RCO2R′ + ... Using the alcohol in large excess (i.e., as a solvent).. *Using a dehydrating agent: sulfuric acid not only catalyzes the ... Another method for the dehydration of mixtures of alcohols and carboxylic acids is the Mitsunobu reaction: RCO2H + R′OH + P(C6H ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization ...
Derivatives of 1- and 2-benzyl-izoquinolines [88] Papaverine, laudanosine, sendaverine Cularine group[89] Cularine, yagonine [ ... if the extraction was performed with alcohol, it is removed first, and the remainder is dissolved in water). The solution is ...
Synthesis of hydroacridines and 1,8-dioxo octa hydroxanthenes using primary amino alcohols as reagent or catalysis via three- ... New cobalt(II) and nickel (II) complexes of 2-hydroxy-benzyl derivatives of 4-aminoantipyrine // Polyhedron. -44. 2012, p. 72- ...
It is often said the resonance stability of phenol makes it a stronger acid than that of aliphatic alcohols such as ethanol (pK ... Hameka, Hendrik F. (1987). "Computation of the structures of the phenyl and benzyl radicals with the UHF method". The Journal ... is the greater electronegativity of the sp2 alpha carbon in phenol compared to the sp3 alpha carbon in aliphatic alcohols.[6] ...
... "alcohol", e.g., methyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol. Propyl alcohol may be n-propyl alcohol or isopropyl alcohol, depending on ... A primary alcohol A secondary alcohol A secondary alcohol A primary alcohol A tertiary alcohol ... Benzyl alcohol. *2,4-Dichlorobenzyl alcohol. *3-Nitrobenzyl alcohol. Branched and. unsaturated. fatty alcohols. *tert-Butyl ... n-propyl alcohol,. propan-1-ol, or. 1-propanol isopropyl alcohol,. propan-2-ol, or. 2-propanol cyclohexanol isobutyl alcohol,. ...
Butyl benzyl phthalate gamma-Butyrolactone Caffeine Cantharidin Captan Carbaryl Carbazole 3-Carbethoxypsoralen Carmoisine ... Polyurethane foams Polyvinyl acetate Polyvinyl alcohol Polyvinyl chloride Polyvinyl pyrrolidone Ponceau SX Potassium bis(2- ... pyrene p-Benzoquinone dioxime Benzoyl peroxide Benzyl acetate Bis(1-aziridinyl)morpholinophosphine sulfide Bis(2-chloroethyl) ...
Benzyl benzoate. *Permethrin. Diagnostic agents[edit]. Ophthalmic medicines[edit]. *Fluorescein. *Tropicamide. Radiocontrast ... Alcohol based hand rub. *Chlorine base compound. *Chloroxylenol. *Glutaral. Diuretics[edit]. *Amiloride ...
With position 10 sufficiently shielded reaction with chloromethyl benzyl ether produced the di(chloromethyl) adduct which was ... gave alcohol 15, oxidation (chromic acid) gave aldehyde 16, a Wittig reaction with carbomethoxymethylenetriphenylphosphorane ...
N-benzyl-N-(3-isobutoxy-2-pyrrolidin-1-yl-propyl)aniline. CAS Number. *64706-54-3 Y ... BKCa-specific: Ethanol (alcohol). *GAL-021. Activators. *BKCa-specific: Flufenamic acid ...
... in an intermediate metal-phenyl bond can lead to the formation of benzaldehyde or by subsequent hydrogenation to benzyl alcohol ... The resulting aldehydes are directly hydrogenated to the fatty alcohols, which are separated by distillation, which allows the ... Functionalized olefins such as allyl alcohol can be hydroformylated. The target product 1,4-butanediol and its isomer is ... This is rearranged to the alkoxide complex and by subsequent oxidative addition of hydrogen the alcohol is eliminated and the ...
1-Benzyl-4-(2-(diphenylmethoxy)ethyl)piperidine. *2-Benzylpiperidine. *2-Methyl-3-phenylpiperidine ...
BENZYL ALCOHOL. ICSC. : 0833. Benzenemethanol. Phenyl carbinol. alpha-Hydroxytoluene. Benzoyl alcohol. Phenyl methanol. April ...
Benzyl Alcohol Topical: learn about side effects, dosage, special precautions, and more on MedlinePlus ... Avoid getting benzyl alcohol lotion in your eyes.. If benzyl alcohol lotion gets in your eyes, flush them with water right away ... Benzyl alcohol is in a class of medications called pediculicides. It works by killing the lice. Benzyl alcohol lotion will not ... Before using benzyl alcohol lotion,. *tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to benzyl alcohol, any other ...
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... may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. ... Benzyl alcohol topical is used to treat head lice in people between 6 months of age and 60 years old. ... What is benzyl alcohol topical?. Benzyl alcohol topical is used to treat head lice in people between 6 months of age and 60 ... Benzyl alcohol topical will not get rid of lice eggs so you must use a second application of this medicine 7 days after the ...
Benzyl alcohol O-benzoyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.196, benzoyl-CoA:benzyl alcohol benzoyltransferase, benzoyl-CoA:benzyl alcohol/ ... benzyl alcohol O-benzoyltransferase. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction benzoyl-CoA + benzyl alcohol ⇌ {\ ... Benzyl+alcohol+O-benzoyltransferase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Biology portal. ... benzyl alcohol benzoyltransferase, benzoyl-coenzyme A:phenylethanol benzoyltransferase) is an enzyme with systematic name ...
Products containing BENZYL ALCOHOL made by company: Revlon Consumer Products Corporation Showing 1 - 10 of 55 results See more: ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
NITROTAN (isopropyl alcohol, benzyl alcohol, picric acid, tannic acid) aerosol, spray. NDC Code(s): 11960-0049-1, 11960-0049-2 ... BENZALKONIUM CHLORIDE, BENZYL ALCOHOL spray. *This is an animal drug.. NDC Code(s): 48688-064-01 *Packager: Meridian Animal ... ITCH X (benzyl alcohol/pramoxine hydrochloride) gel. NDC Code(s): 0225-0495-33 *Packager: BF ASCHER AND CO INC ... ORAJEL TOOTHACHE RINSE (benzyl alcohol, zinc chloride) liquid. NDC Code(s): 10237-764-16 *Packager: Church & Dwight Co., Inc. ...
Can some one show me how to do the synthesis of benzyl alcohol, in detail. Can someone give... ... I try to find the synthesis of benzyl alcohol, but I cant get it. ... I try to find the synthesis of benzyl alcohol, but I cant get it. Can some one show me how to do the synthesis of benzyl ... I try to find the synthesis of benzyl alcohol, but I cant get it. Can some one show me how to do the synthesis of benzyl ...
Benzyl alcohol topical is used to treat head lice in people between the ages of 6 months and 60 years old. Benzyl alcohol ... Benzyl alcohol topical may also be used for... ... Benzyl alcohol topical (for the skin) is an anti-parasite ... Benzyl alcohol topical (for the skin) is an anti-parasite medication.. Benzyl alcohol topical is used to treat head lice in ... What is the most important information I should know about benzyl alcohol topical?. Benzyl alcohol topical is used to treat ...
Benzyl alcohol is severely toxic and highly irritating to the eye. Pure benzyl alcohol produces corneal necrosis. Benzyl ... Benzyl alcohol is an aromatic alcohol[citation needed] with the formula C6H5CH2OH. The benzyl group is often abbreviated "Bn" ( ... Benzyl esters also occur naturally. Benzyl alcohol is produced industrially from toluene via benzyl chloride, which is ... Some caution is necessary if a high percent of Benzyl alcohol is used as benzaldehyde arises from benzyl alcohol when used as ...
Use of this information is subject to copyright laws and may require the permission of the owner of the information, as described in the ECHA Legal Notice.. ...
Benzyl alcohol. Benzyl alcohol (8CI). BENZYLALKOHOL. Benzylic alcohol. HYDROXYMETHYLBENZOL. PHENYLCARBINOL. PHENYLMETHANOL. ... Benzyl alcohol EC Number:. 202-859-9. EC Name:. Benzyl alcohol. CAS Number:. 100-51-6 Molecular formula:. C7H8O IUPAC Name:. ... Benzyl alcoholBenzyl alcohol. CAS Number:. 100-51-6. Molecular formula:. C7H8O. IUPAC Name ... Benzyl alcoholBenzyl alcohol. CAS Number:. 100-51-6. Molecular formula:. C7H8O. IUPAC Name ...
Benzyl alcohol. Regulatory process names 4 Translated names 24 CAS names 1 IUPAC names 32 Trade names 24 Other identifiers 6 ...
... benzyl alcohol gel), including warnings and precautions, directions, and the names of other drugs and products that include the ...
Benzyl alcohols explanation free. What is Benzyl alcohols? Meaning of Benzyl alcohols medical term. What does Benzyl alcohols ... Looking for online definition of Benzyl alcohols in the Medical Dictionary? ... benzyl alcohol. (redirected from Benzyl alcohols). Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.. Related to Benzyl alcohols: phenyl ... Benzyl alcohols , definition of Benzyl alcohols by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Benzyl+ ...
Benzyl Alcohol (Phenylmethanol), (Phenylcarbinol) 200ml - Please refer to the pdf datasheet for full details of this ...
Herein lies the key to benzy alcohols true organoleptic nature. ... Benzyl Alcohol. November 1, 1992 Contact Author George S. Clark ... Benzyl alcohol is an aroma chemical that is not an aroma chemical--maybe! The literature is awash with conflicting organoleptic ... Freshly prepared benzyl alcohol, free from impurities, possesses a bland, aromatic impression that could be described as ...
Benzyl Alcohol Lotion, 5%, is the first head lice product approved by the FDA with benzyl alcohol as the active pharmaceutical ... Benzyl Alcohol Lotion, 5%, received full market approval as a prescription medication, for use in patients 6 months of age and ... Benzyl Alcohol Lotion, 5%, is distributed by Sciele Pharma Inc., a subsidiary of Atlanta-based Shionogi Company. ... The safety and effectiveness of Benzyl Alcohol Lotion, 5%, was demonstrated in two studies of 628 people, 6 months of age and ...
... benzyl alcohol; CAS Number: ; Linear Formula: C8 H6 Br F3 O2; find Manchester Organics-MAN238929574 MSDS, related peer-reviewed ...
Benzyl Alcohol Lotion for Topical Use) may treat, uses, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, warnings, patient labeling, ... benzyl alcohol) Lotion. DESCRIPTION. ULESFIA® (benzyl alcohol) Lotion is supplied as a white topical lotion containing benzyl ... Benzyl alcohol has produced mixed results in genetic testing. Benzyl alcohol was negative in the Ames test with and without ... The active ingredient, benzyl alcohol, is a clear, colorless liquid with a mild aromatic odor. Benzyl alcohol has a molecular ...
... benzyl alcohol; CAS Number: 1018678-49-3; find Apollo Scientific Ltd-APO455836506 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical ...
Benzyl Alcohol Lotion Approved By FDA For Head Lice Treatment. By Ramona Bates MD Apr 10 2009 - 9:37am ... Benzyl Alcohol Lotion, 5%, has been approval as a prescription medication, for use in patients 6 months of age and older. ... Benzyl alcohol lotion, 5%, has been shown to be an effective first line treatment to eliminate head lice infestation. The ... Benzyl Alcohol Lotion, 5%, is distributed by Sciele Pharma Inc., a subsidiary of Atlanta-based Shionogi Company. ...
α-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]benzyl alcohol. Regulatory process names 2 CAS names 1 IUPAC names 10 Other identifiers 2 ...
Benzyl Benzoate is an ester. of Benzyl Alcohol and Benzoic Acid.. Benzyl Alcohol, Benzoic Acid and its salts, and Benzyl ... Benzyl Alcohol. is an organic alcohol found in many fruits and teas. Benzyl Alcohol has a hydroxyl group (-OH), while the ... Benzyl Alcohol, Benzyl Benzoate Viscosity decreasing agent. - Benzyl Alcohol. Follow this link for more information about how ... Benzyl Alcohol. and Benzyl Benzoate are also approved as a synthetic flavoring agents for direct addition to food. Benzyl ...
Solubility: Water and Miscible with Alcohol, Ether and Chloroform. Synonyms: Benzenemethanol, Phenyl methanol, Benzoyl alcohol ...
What is Benzyl alcohol? Meaning of Benzyl alcohol as a legal term. What does Benzyl alcohol mean in law? ... Definition of Benzyl alcohol in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... Benzyl alcohol legal definition of Benzyl alcohol https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Benzyl+alcohol ... alcohol. (redirected from Benzyl alcohol). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. Alcohol. The ...
Benzyl alcohol is widely used as a solvent for the dielectrophoretic reconfiguration of nanowires, inks, paints, lacquers and ... Kobayashi, H.; Higashimoto, S. DFT study on the reaction mechanisms behind the catalytic oxidation of benzyl alcohol into ... One-pot deposition of gold on hybrid TiO2 nanoparticles and catalytic application in the selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol ...
Mentions de prudence: P261-P280a-P305+P351+P338-P304+P340-P405-P501a Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Store locked up. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulations. ...
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction benzoyl-CoA + benzyl alcohol ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } CoA + benzyl benzoate The enzyme is involved in benzenoid and benzoic acid biosynthesis. (wikipedia.org)
  • and Benzyl Benzoate are also approved as a synthetic flavoring agents for direct addition to food. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • The safety of Benzyl Alcohol and Benzyl Benzoate has been evaluated by the Research Institute for Fragrance Materials Expert Panel (REXPAN). (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • The IFRA standards restrict the use of Benzyl Alcohol and Benzyl Benzoate in fragrances because of potential sensitization. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Active Ingredients Ethyl Alcohol by Volume 70% Ingredients Denatonium Benzoate , Methyl Isobutyl Ketone , Water The ingredients will be listed on the bottle. (answers.com)
  • Kalama Benzyl Alcohol NF/FCC is used as an intermediate in the synthesis of polypeptides and as a raw material in the manufacture of esters, such as benzyl acetate and benzyl benzoate, which are used in the soap, perfume , and flavor industries. (emeraldkalama.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol, along with Benzyl Benzoate, are used in a wide variety of cosmetics and personal care products, including baby products, bath products, soap and detergents, makeup including: brushers and eye makeup, cleaning products and other hair, nail and skin products. (juicesupplydepot.com)
  • 2,4-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol manufacturers and suppliers with contacts and product range are mentioned in the study. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Furthermore, 2,4-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol prices in regional markets can be found in the report with regards to countries and companies. (marketpublishers.com)
  • The report also focuses on 2,4-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol consumers by providing data on companies that use it. (marketpublishers.com)
  • 2,4-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol (CAS 143158-15-0) Market Research Report 2018 contents were worked out and placed on the website in January, 2018. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Please note that 2,4-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol (CAS 143158-15-0) Market Research Report 2018 is a half ready publication and contents are subject to change. (marketpublishers.com)
  • The 'Global and Chinese 3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol Industry, 2013-2023 Market Research Report' is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global 3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol industry with a focus on the Chinese market. (researchmoz.us)
  • The report provides key statistics on the market status of the 3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol manufacturers and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry.Firstly, the report provides a basic overview of the industry including its definition, applications and manufacturing technology. (researchmoz.us)
  • Through the statistical analysis, the report depicts the global and Chinese total market of 3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol industry including capacity, production, production value, cost/profit, supply/demand and Chinese import/export. (researchmoz.us)
  • The report then estimates 2018-2023 market development trends of 3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol industry. (researchmoz.us)
  • In the end, the report makes some important proposals for a new project of 3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol Industry before evaluating its feasibility. (researchmoz.us)
  • Overall, the report provides an in-depth insight of 2013-2023 global and Chinese 3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol industry covering all important parameters. (researchmoz.us)
  • 5.2 Market Competition of 3,5-Bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl alcohol Industry by Country (USA, EU, Japan, Chinese etc. (researchmoz.us)
  • Benzyl alcohol has moderate solubility in water (4 g/100 mL) and is miscible in alcohols and diethyl ether. (wikipedia.org)
  • benzyl ester or ether intermediate. (weiku.com)
  • Benzyl Alcohol is soluble in water and readily soluble in alcohol and ether. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • We provide a wide range of high quality Chemical Solvents that includes Isopropyl Alcohol +HCL, Di isopropyl ether + HCL, Methanol + HCL, Ethyl Acetate + HCL, Acetic acid + HCL, Tetra hydrofuran + HCL etc. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • About 17% of these are alcohol & hydroxybenzene & ether, 3% are flavor & fragrance intermediates, and 1% are other chemicals. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Silicone solvent stabilizer, intermediate of ether, or benzyl ester. (forumotion.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol is partially soluble in water (4 g/100 ml) and completely miscible in alcohols and diethyl ether. (apcpure.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol is produced industrially from toluene via benzyl chloride, which is hydrolyzed: C6H5CH2Cl + H2O → C6H5CH2OH + HCl Another route entails hydrogenation of benzaldehyde, a by-product of the oxidation of toluene to benzoic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Higashimoto, S. DFT study on the reaction mechanisms behind the catalytic oxidation of benzyl alcohol into benzaldehyde by O 2 over anatase TiO 2 surfaces with hydroxyl groups: Role of visible-light irradiation. (alfa.com)
  • Blasco, T. One-pot deposition of gold on hybrid TiO 2 nanoparticles and catalytic application in the selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol. (alfa.com)
  • This is the first process where these highly valuable compounds have been synthesized, starting from the corresponding alcohols in a one-pot oxidation procedure using MnO 2 , followed by a HAuCl 4 ·3H 2 O catalyzed multicomponent reaction. (mdpi.com)
  • In the solvent-free oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde using supported gold-palladium nanoparticles as catalysts, two pathways have been identified as the sources of the principal product, benzaldehyde. (wiley.com)
  • One is the direct catalytic oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde by O 2 , whereas the second is the disproportionation of two molecules of benzyl alcohol to give equal amounts of benzaldehyde and toluene. (wiley.com)
  • Catalytic activity of copper-manganese mixed oxide nanoparticles (Cu/Mn = 1 : 2) prepared by coprecipitation method has been studied for selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol using molecular oxygen as an oxidizing agent. (hindawi.com)
  • The copper-manganese (CuMn 2 ) oxide catalyst exhibited high specific activity of 15.04 mmolg −1 h −1 in oxidation of benzyl alcohol in toluene as solvent. (hindawi.com)
  • In the solvent free oxidation of benzyl alcohol , using supported gold-palladium nanoalloys, toluene is often one of major by-products and it is formed by the disproportionation of benzyl alcohol . (rsc.org)
  • Understanding of the oxidation behavior of benzyl alcohol by peroxymon" by Jiaquan Li, Mengting Li et al. (edu.au)
  • Selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol (BzOH) into benzaldehyde (BzH) is very important in synthetic chemistry. (edu.au)
  • The carbocatalysis-assisted PMS activation may provide a cheap process for the selective oxidation of alcohols into aldehydes or ketones. (edu.au)
  • Benzyl Alcohol, 100-51-6, C7h8o, Benzyl Chloride, 100-44-7, C7h7cl, Melamine, C6h5CH2oh Company Introduction Luxi Chemical Group is a state-owned company with 1billion USD assets and 12000 employees, I am seeking opportunities to do business with you on benzyl chloride and benzyl alcohol. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Kenalog ® -40 Injection: Each mL of the sterile aqueous suspension provides 40 mg triamcinolone acetonide, with 0.66% sodium chloride for isotonicity, 0.99% (w/v) benzyl alcohol as a preservative, 0.63% carboxymethylcellulose sodium, and 0.04% polysorbate 80. (nih.gov)
  • VETSCRIPTION ANTI-ITCH (Benzalkonium Chloride, Benzyl Alcohol) Liquid [Sergeant'S Pet Care Products, Inc. (gacovinolake.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol is prepared by the hydrolysis of benzyl chloride in the presence of soda ash. (forumotion.com)
  • citation needed] Benzyl alcohol is used as a bacteriostatic preservative at low concentration in intravenous medications, cosmetics, and topical drugs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some caution is necessary if a high percent of Benzyl alcohol is used as benzaldehyde arises from benzyl alcohol when used as preservative in an injectable formulation solution. (wikipedia.org)
  • The alcohol is a preservative and is present in trace amount. (healthtap.com)
  • Jun 07, 2016· Safety of Benzyl Alcohol in Children Many product contains benzyl alcohol as a preservative. (overalglas.nl)
  • The preservative benzyl alcohol has been associated with serious adverse events, including the "gasping syndrome", and death in pediatric patients. (overalglas.nl)
  • It's also called "aromatic alcohol," and is used as a preservative, as a fragrance ingredient, as the active ingredient in head lice treatment, and as a solvent, which simply means that it's used to dissolve other ingredients to make a smooth formula or solution. (iahchemicals.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol is used as a bacteriostatic preservative at low concentration in intravenous medications and in other medications. (mubychem.com)
  • In personal care and pharmaceutical applications, Kalama Benzyl Alcohol NF/FCC is an effective preservative to inhibit the growth of bacteria, yeasts, and molds. (emeraldkalama.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol is used effectively for treating lice infestations as the active ingredient in lotion shampoo with 5% benzyl alcohol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benzyl alcohol lotion is used to treat head lice (small insects that attach themselves to the skin) in adults and children 6 months of age and older. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Benzyl alcohol lotion will not kill lice eggs, so the medication must be used a second time to kill the lice that may hatch from these eggs. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Topical benzyl alcohol comes as a lotion to apply to the scalp and hair. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The second treatment of benzyl alcohol lotion must be applied about one week after the first one. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sometimes a third treatment of benzyl alcohol lotion may be necessary. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Use benzyl alcohol lotion exactly as directed. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Your doctor will prescribe a specific amount of benzyl alcohol lotion based on your hair length. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Benzyl alcohol lotion should only be used on the hair and scalp. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Avoid getting benzyl alcohol lotion in your eyes. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If benzyl alcohol lotion gets in your eyes, flush them with water right away. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Apply benzyl alcohol lotion to dry hair and scalp area. (medlineplus.gov)
  • tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to benzyl alcohol, any other medications, or any of the ingredients in benzyl alcohol lotion. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If you become pregnant while using benzyl alcohol lotion, call your doctor. (medlineplus.gov)
  • It is important to apply benzyl alcohol lotion again one week after the first application. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Benzyl alcohol lotion may cause side effects. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Benzyl Alcohol Lotion, 5%, received full market approval as a prescription medication, for use in patients 6 months of age and older. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Benzyl Alcohol Lotion, 5%, is the first head lice product approved by the FDA with benzyl alcohol as the active pharmaceutical ingredient. (emaxhealth.com)
  • The safety and effectiveness of Benzyl Alcohol Lotion, 5%, was demonstrated in two studies of 628 people, 6 months of age and older, with active head lice infestation. (emaxhealth.com)
  • The subjects received two, 10-minute treatments of either Benzyl Alcohol Lotion or a topical placebo, one week apart. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Fourteen days after the final treatment, more than 75 percent of the subjects treated with Benzyl Alcohol Lotion, 5%, were lice free. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Benzyl Alcohol Lotion, 5%, is distributed by Sciele Pharma Inc., a subsidiary of Atlanta-based Shionogi Company. (emaxhealth.com)
  • ULESFIA® Lotion is a white topical lotion containing benzyl alcohol, 5% (50 mg/g of lotion). (rxlist.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol lotion, 5%, has been shown to be an effective first line treatment to eliminate head lice infestation. (emaxhealth.com)
  • What is the role of benzyl alcohol lotion 5% (Ulesfia) in the treatment of pediculosis and pthiriasis (lice infestation)? (medscape.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol lotion may be an easier and safer alternative to lindane and malathion. (medscape.com)
  • In clinical studies, more than 75% of those treated with benzyl alcohol lotion became lice-free. (medscape.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol lotion is a topical pediculicide. (pdr.net)
  • Benzyl alcohol lotion is administered topically to the scalp. (pdr.net)
  • Benzyl Alcohol Lotion 5% is a prescription medicine used to get rid of lice in scalp hair of children and adults. (overalglas.nl)
  • Before using this drug, make sure to review the safety information for benzyl alcohol lotion with your healthcare provider. (emedtv.com)
  • Who Should Avoid Benzyl Alcohol Lotion? (emedtv.com)
  • Interested in a Discount on Benzyl Alcohol Lotion? (emedtv.com)
  • Who Should Not Use Benzyl Alcohol Lotion? (emedtv.com)
  • There are a number of situations in which benzyl alcohol lotion should not be used, as well as several warnings and precautions people should be aware of before starting treatment. (emedtv.com)
  • BENZYL ALCOHOL (BEN zil AL kuh hawl) lotion is used to treat lice of the hair and scalp. (kramesonline.com)
  • Does inhaling isopropyl alcohol cause fetal alcohol syndrome? (healthtap.com)
  • Also I think rubbing alcohol is 70% isopropyl alcohol and 30% water. (answers.com)
  • Note that there are also different solutions of Isopropyl alcohol that can also be used for disinfecting and first aid, but Rubbing alcohol is the household name for the 70% Isopropyl alcohol solution. (answers.com)
  • Rubbing alcohol is made from isopropyl alcohol and water. (answers.com)
  • Although Isopropanol is sometimes sold as 'Isopropyl Rubbing Alcohol, 70%' and 'Isopropyl Rubbing Alcohol, 99%' (harder to find but generally more useful for experimenters & cleaning uses), there is no isopropyl alcohol in the United States Pharmacopeia formula for Rubbing alcohol, U.S.P.. It is used as a disinfectant, and is a common solvent. (answers.com)
  • Rubbing alcohol is already a mixture of water and isopropyl alcohol. (answers.com)
  • Rubbing alcohol is 'isopropyl' alcohol, not the same chemical as grain alcohol, ('ethyl' alcohol). (answers.com)
  • Yes, rubbing alcohol is a common name for isopropyl alcohol. (answers.com)
  • Can you use isopropyl alcohol for rubbing alcohol? (answers.com)
  • Isopropyl alcohol and rubbing alcohol are not the same thing. (answers.com)
  • Rubbing alcohol may contain either isopropyl alcohol or ethanol. (answers.com)
  • Rubbing alcohol is a mixture of compounds (type of denatured alcohol) whereas isopropyl alcohol is not. (answers.com)
  • Rubbing alcohol is called 2-propanol or isopropyl alcohol. (answers.com)
  • Rubbing alcohol contain water, methanol or isopropyl alcohol, a dye. (answers.com)
  • No, Isopropyl Alcohol (also known as rubbing alcohol) isn't a carcinogen. (answers.com)
  • ethyl alcohol ( grain alcohol ) ethanol . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • I believe it's ethyl alcohol. (answers.com)
  • Ethyl alcohol is something entirely different. (answers.com)
  • and (2) one made with ethyl alcohol with an added denaturing agent to make it inedible. (answers.com)
  • The ethyl alcohol (ethanol) variety has a bitter or sour or unpleasant smell, and is therefore much less popular than the isopropryl alcohol variety. (answers.com)
  • This is why even though the pharmaceutical definition for 'rubbing alcohol' is denatured ethyl alcohol, isopropryl alcohol is far more available commercially and is also labeled as 'rubbing' alcohol. (answers.com)
  • No. Rubbing alcohol contains either Isopropyl or Denatured Ethyl alcohol. (answers.com)
  • There are two common types of rubbing alcohol, Isopropyl Rubbing Alcohol and Ethyl Alcohol Rubbing Alcohol. (answers.com)
  • Isopropyl (or methyl) alcohol (or possibly ethyl alcohol) normally has the name "rubbing alcohol" applied to it. (answers.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol, sold under the brand name Ulesfia, was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2009, as a 5% solution for the treatment of head lice in people 6 months of age and older. (wikipedia.org)
  • 100-51-6 - WVDDGKGOMKODPV-UHFFFAOYSA-N - Benzyl alcohol [INN:JAN:NF] - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information. (tevredenheidsnorm.nl)
  • Benzyl alcohol is an aromatic alcohol[citation needed] with the formula C6H5CH2OH. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is an example of a Ritter reaction: C6H5CH2OH + NCCHCH2 → C6H5CH2N(H)C(O)CHCH2 Benzyl alcohol is used as a general solvent for inks, waxes, shellacs, paints, lacquers, and epoxy resin coatings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benzyl alcohol C7H8O C6H5CH2OH Phenylcarbinol Phenylmethanol CAS 100-51-6, China Benzyl alcohol CAS 100-51-6 Phemethylol Benzal alcohol C7H8O C6H5CH2OH Manufacturer. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Benzyl Alcohol ACS Analytical Reagent Benzenemethanol C6H5CH2OH Formula Wt 108.14 CAS Number 100-51-6. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Benzyl Alcohol has chemical formula C6H5CH2OH. (forumotion.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol is an organic compound with the formula C6H5CH2OH. (mubychem.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol O-benzoyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.196, benzoyl-CoA:benzyl alcohol benzoyltransferase, benzoyl-CoA:benzyl alcohol/phenylethanol benzoyltransferase, benzoyl-coenzyme A:benzyl alcohol benzoyltransferase, benzoyl-coenzyme A:phenylethanol benzoyltransferase) is an enzyme with systematic name benzoyl-CoA:benzyl alcohol O-benzoyltransferase. (wikipedia.org)
  • The benzyl group is often abbreviated "Bn" (not to be confused with "Bz" which is used for benzoyl), thus benzyl alcohol is denoted as BnOH. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also known as Benzyl alcohol O-benzoyltransferase (Benzoyl coenzyme A:benzyl alcohol benzoyl transferase). (mybiosource.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Molecular dynamics simulation has been used to investigate the role of benzyl alcohol (BA) in the morphological control of the growth of TiO2 on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by the consideration of two model systems. (hud.ac.uk)
  • I have something that contains butyrospermum parkii (shea) butter but it also contains benzyl alcohol. (healthtap.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol is an aromatic alcohol with the formula C₆H₅CH₂OH. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Benzyl alcohol is an aromatic alcohol with the formula C 6 H 5 CH 2 OH. (tevredenheidsnorm.nl)
  • Aug 19, 2018· Benzyl Alcohol BP USP NF ACS Reagent Grade Supplier, Manufacturer's Representative. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Supplier, Agen , Distributor untuk produk Benzyl Alcohol , Kami menyediakan database terlengkap dengan harga termurah untuk produk Benzyl Alcohol di wilayah Indonesia. (indonetwork.co.id)
  • Anda adalah Agen, Supplier & Distributor Benzyl Alcohol untuk wilayah Indonesia? (indonetwork.co.id)
  • 4-Benzyloxybenzyl Alcohol offered by Basr Fine Chemicals Private Limited, a leading supplier of Chemical Compound in I D A, Hyderabad, Telangana. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • It's between 70% and 95% alcohol depending who the supplier is. (answers.com)
  • Dimethyl Benzyl Carbinol (100-86-7) is Colorless To Pale Yellow Clear Liquid To Solid. (trivenichemicals.com)
  • Find Benzyl Alcohol manufacturers, Benzyl Alcohol suppliers, exporters, wholesalers and distributors in Gujarat India - List of Benzyl Alcohol selling companies from Gujarat with catalogs, phone numbers, addresses & prices for Benzyl Alcohol. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Contact verified Benzyl Alcohol Manufacturers, Benzyl Alcohol suppliers, Benzyl Alcohol exporters wholesalers, producers, retailers and traders in India. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Pioneers in the industry, we offer benzyl alcohol, iso butanol, iso propyl alcohol and n-butanol from India. (atozchemicals.in)
  • Benzyl Alcohol - You find here 19 suppliers from Germany Austria and Poland. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Business listings of Benzyl Alcohol manufacturers, suppliers and exporters in Hyderabad, Telangana along with their contact details & address. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Find here Benzyl Alcohol suppliers, manufacturers, wholesalers, traders with Benzyl Alcohol prices for buying. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Benzyl Alcohol, CAS No. 100-51-6 is an aromatic primary alcohol with the molecular formula C7H8O. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Benzyl Alcohol contains not less than 98.0 percent and not more than 100.5 percent of C7H8O. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • 4-Methoxy benzyl acetate (o-Anisyl acetate) For more information call 1-800-282-3982 or email infoparchem! (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Benzyl Phenyl Acetate (102-16-9) is LIQUID. (trivenichemicals.com)
  • Also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutic aid, and in perfumery and flavoring. (selfdecode.com)
  • The use of benzyl alcohol as a 5% solution has been approved by the U.S. FDA in the treatment of head lice in children older than 6 months and in adults. (mubychem.com)
  • 3. Gel electrophoresis of membrane proteins from "ghosts" of the erythrocytes treated with benzyl alcohol showed that a high-molecular-weight polymer was present: this was consistent with the entry into the cells of Ca2+ and the activation of a transglutaminase enzyme. (biochemj.org)
  • Intravenous administration of products containing benzyl alcohol has been associated with neonatal gasping syndrome consisting of severe metabolic acidosis , gasping respirations, progressive hypotension , seizures, central nervous system depression, intraventricular hemorrhage , and death in preterm, low birth weight infants. (rxlist.com)
  • Benzyl Alcohol is approved as an anesthetic ingredient in Over-the-Counter (OTC) anorectal, oral healthcare and topical analgesic drug products. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Below are the list of possible Benzyl alcohol O-benzoyltransferase products. (mybiosource.com)
  • Typically, fatty alcohols are used as emollients and thickeners in skin-care products. (overalglas.nl)
  • Benzyl alcohol is found in many naturally occurring plant products such as Balsam of Peru and is also a component of essential oils such as hyacinth, jasmine, and ylang ylang oils. (overalglas.nl)
  • Benzyl alcohol is used in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products including hair dye. (petpoisoncontrol.com)
  • Solubility: soluble in water with 1:30, miscible with alcohol, chloroform and with fatty and essential oils. (weiku.com)
  • Is rubbing alcohol soluble in water? (answers.com)
  • Benzyl esters also occur naturally. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like most alcohols, it reacts with carboxylic acids to form esters. (wikipedia.org)
  • In organic synthesis, benzyl esters are popular protecting groups because they can be removed by mild hydrogenolysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benzyl alcohol is widely used as a solvent for the dielectrophoretic reconfiguration of nanowires, inks, paints, lacquers and epoxy resin coatings and as a precursor to a variety of esters used in soaps, perfumes and flavoring. (alfa.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol readily forms esters with various a more. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Labeling- Where Benzyl Alcohol is intended for use in the manufacture of injectable dosage forms, it is so labeled. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Kalama® Benzyl Alcohol NF/Parenteral meets requirements for demanding pharmaceutical applications, such as injectable dosage forms that require parenteral-labeled benzyl alcohol. (emeraldkalama.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol is an aroma chemical that is not an aroma chemical--maybe! (perfumerflavorist.com)
  • Compare and research Benzyl Alcohol companies and businesses online Richman Chemical Inc Richman Chemical, Inc. (RCI) provides project management, custom/contract manufacturing and sourcing services to the chemical and life sciences industries including start-up companies. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Description: FlexiSolv™ benzyl alcohol (BA) is a highly-refined, pure, aromatic, primary alcohol with a wide variety of applications as a solvent and chemical intermediate. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • What is the chemical name for rubbing alcohol? (answers.com)
  • citation needed] Benzyl alcohol is an ingredient used in the manufacture of soaps, topical creams, skin lotions, shampoos, and facial cleansers and is popular due to its anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benzyl alcohol topical contains an ingredient that can cause serious side effects or death in very young or premature babies. (rexhealth.com)
  • This ingredient reportedly may cause breakouts in some individuals who are sensitive to fatty alcohols. (overalglas.nl)
  • Kalama® Benzyl Alcohol NF/FCC is a food-grade, GRAS ingredient (21 CFR §172.515) commonly known for its low volatility and toxicity. (emeraldkalama.com)
  • Benzyl alcohol is in a class of medications called pediculicides. (medlineplus.gov)
  • As with all medications, it is important to use benzyl alcohol, 5%, as labeled to maximize benefits and minimize risks. (emaxhealth.com)
  • Are cleansers and moisturizers containing alcohol & fragrance bad for acne-prone skin? (healthtap.com)
  • You should not use benzyl alcohol topical if you are allergic to it. (cigna.com)
  • Gold- palladium catalysts on acidic supports promote both the disproportionation of benzyl alcohol and oxidative dehydrogenation to form benzaldehyde . (rsc.org)
  • Benzyl alcohol has low acute toxicity with an LD50 of 1.2 g/kg in rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • The uses of both varieties are the same, although isopropryl alcohol, because of its inherant toxicity, carries warnings about overuse and safe handling. (answers.com)
  • rubbing alcohol a preparation of acetone , methyl isobutyl ketone, and ethanol , used as a rubefacient. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It can be seen as benzene substituted by hydroxymethyl, or methyl alcohol substituted by phenyl. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Benzyl Alcohol has a hydroxyl group (-OH), while the related compound, Benzoic Acid has a carboxyl group (-COOH). (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • of Benzyl Alcohol and Benzoic Acid. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • The CIR Expert Panel reviewed data that indicated that inhalation exposure to Benzyl Alcohol and Benzoic Acid did not result in adverse effects. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • In one study, 5% Benzyl Alcohol elicited a reaction, and in another study, 2% Benzoic Acid did likewise. (cosmeticsinfo.org)
  • Imines and secondary amines were synthesized selectively by a Pd-catalyzed one-pot reaction of benzyl alcohols with primary amines. (organic-chemistry.org)
  • The reactions did not require any additives and were effective for a wide range of alcohols and amines. (organic-chemistry.org)
  • Cadmium sulfide, a readily available semiconductor, was used as a visible light heterogeneous photocatalyst for the oxidative coupling of benzyl alcohols and benzyl amines by irradiation with blue light. (uni-regensburg.de)
  • Cross-coupling between benzyl alcohols and benzyl amines gave product mixtures, but was selective for the coupling of tetrahydroisoquinolines to nitromethane. (uni-regensburg.de)
  • The extraction behavior of Nd(III) and Eu(III) with 0.05 mol dm −3 furosemide in benzyl alcohol as single acidic extractant and then with equimolar (0.05 mol dm −3 ) synergic mixture of furosemide as acidic extractant and tribenzylamine as neutral donor in benzyl alcohol has been studied from aqueous solutions of pH 1 to 6. (springer.com)
  • denatured alcohol ethanol made unfit for human consumption by the addition of substances known as denaturants. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • For laboratory use, Grignard reaction of phenylmagnesium bromide (C6H5MgBr) with formaldehyde and the Cannizzaro reaction of benzaldehyde also give benzyl alcohol. (wikipedia.org)