Inhibition of azoxymethane-induced colon carcinogenesis in male F344 rats by the citrus limonoids obacunone and limonin. (1/21)The modifying effects of dietary administration of the citrus limonoids obacunone and limonin on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colon tumorigenesis were investigated in two experiments in male F344 rats. In a pilot study, we examined the modifying effects of obacunone and limonin on AOM-induced (20 mg/kg body wt, once a week for 2 weeks) formation of aberrant crypt foci (ACF). Dietary feeding of both compounds at dose levels of 200 and 500 p.p.m. during AOM exposure for 4 weeks ('initiation' feeding) or after AOM treatment for 4 weeks ('post-initiation' feeding) significantly inhibited ACF formation (55-65% reduction by 'initiation' feeding, P < 0.001; 28-42% reduction by 'post-initiation' feeding, P < 0.05-0.002). In a long-term study designed to confirm the protective effects of obacunone and limonin on ACF development, one group was treated with AOM alone and another four groups received the carcinogen treatment plus diets containing 500 p.p.m. test compounds for 3 weeks (initiation phase) or 29 weeks (post-initiation phase). Two groups were treated with obacunone or limonin alone (500 p.p.m. in diet) and one group was maintained on the basal diet. At the termination of the study, dietary exposure to obacunone or limonin during the initiation phase was found to have significantly reduced the incidence of colonic adenocarcinoma (72 versus 25 or 6%, P = 0.004 or 0.00003). Obacunone or limonin feeding during the post-initiation phase also reduced the frequency of colonic adenocarcinoma (72 versus 13%, P = 0.0002). Our results suggest that the citrus limonoids obacunone and limonin might be useful for the prevention of human colon cancers. (+info)
Determination of the stereochemistry of (-)-koninginin A by an X-ray analysis of its synthetic sample. (2/21)The absolute configuration of (-)-koninginin A [10-hexyl-11, 12-dioxatricyclo[7.2. 1.0<1 ,6>]dodecane-2,5-diol (1)], the antibiotic metabolite of Trichoderma koningii and T. harzianum, was determined as 1S, 2R, 5S, 6S, 9S, 10S by an X-ray crystallographic analysis of its synthetic sample coupled with the established stereochemical outcome of Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation used as the key reaction to prepare intermediate 4. (+info)
Effects of KW-3635, a novel dibenzoxepin derivative of a selective thromboxane A2 antagonist, on human, guinea pig and rat platelets. (3/21)We examined the binding of [3H]U-46619, a thromboxane A2 agonist, to human and guinea pig platelets and the binding of [3H]SQ 29,548, a thromboxane A2 antagonist, to human, rat and guinea pig platelets. KW-3635 (sodium (E)-11-[2-(5,6-dimethyl-1- benzimidazolyl)ethylidene]-6,11-dihydrodibenz[b,e]oxepin-2-c arboxylate monohydrate) concentration-dependently inhibited the [3H]U-46619 binding to human and guinea pig platelets with inhibition constants of 1.2 nM and 2.7 nM, respectively. KW-3635 also potently inhibited the [3H]SQ 29,548 binding to human and guinea pig platelets with inhibition constants of 1.9 nM and 3.2 nM, respectively. In contrast, KW-3635 was less active against thromboxane A2/prostaglandin H2 receptors in rat platelets with an inhibition constant of 97 nM. KW-3635 at 10(-5) M did not antagonize various receptors including prostaglandin E2, prostaglandin I2 and neurotransmitters. In addition, 10(-5) M KW-3635 did not alter the prostaglandin D2-induced cAMP accumulation in EBTr cells. KW-3635 was inactive towards thromboxane synthase, cyclooxygenase and prostaglandin I2 synthase up to 10(-5) M. KW-3635 slightly inhibited 5-lipoxygenase with an IC50 value of 71 microM. These data indicate that KW-3635 is a potent and selective non-prostanoic thromboxane A2 antagonist, and it can recognize the species differences in thromboxane A2/prostaglandin H2 receptors. (+info)
An efficient synthesis of 2-benzoxepines from Morita-Baylis-Hillman adducts using heterogeneous recyclable catalysts. (4/21)2-Benzoxepines have efficiently been synthesized from Morita-Baylis-Hillman adducts, alkyl 3-aryl-3-hydroxy-2-methylenepropanoates by treatment with HCHO catalyzed by silica supported perchloric acid (HClO4.SiO2) or Amberlyst-15 in CH2Cl2 under reflux for a short period of time (1.5-2.5 h). The catalyst can be recovered and recycled. The antibacterial properties of the new 2-benzoxepines were studied but no activity was found. (+info)
In vivo induction of phase II detoxifying enzymes, glutathione transferase and quinone reductase by citrus triterpenoids. (5/21)(+info)
Obacunone represses Salmonella pathogenicity islands 1 and 2 in an envZ-dependent fashion. (6/21)(+info)
Centrally mediated inhibitory effect of 5-[2-(diethylamino)ethyl]amino-5,11-dihydrobenzoxepino[3,4- b]pyridine trihydrochloride (KW-5805) on gastric acid secretion in rats. (7/21)KW-5805, 5-[2-(diethylamino)ethyl]amino-5,11-dihydrobenzoxepino[3,4- b]pyridine trihydrochloride, is a new tricyclic compound with antiulcer activities. Its effect on stimulated gastric acid secretion was investigated in the perfused stomach of anesthetized rats. KW-5805 at 0.3-10 mg/kg, i.v., dose-dependently inhibited gastric acid secretion stimulated by 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG). On the other hand, the compound at 10-20 mg/kg, i.v., exerted a moderate decrease in gastric acid secretion stimulated by bethanechol; and at 10 mg/kg, i.v., it produced no change in gastric acid secretion evoked peripherally by vagal electrical stimulation. When applied intracerebroventricularly at 1-5 micrograms/rat, this compound dose-relatedly reduced gastric acid secretion stimulated by 2-DG. Three main metabolites (KF-10504, KF-9530 and KF-10847) of KW-5805 at 1 mg/kg, i.v., caused no significant decrease in gastric acid secretion stimulated by 2-DG. Doxepin, a tricyclic compound, definitely depressed the 2-DG stimulated gastric acid secretion at 1 mg/kg, i.v. It is suggested that intravenous administration of KW-5805 inhibits gastric acid secretion stimulated by 2-DG, mainly via centrally mediated mechanisms, and that biotransformation of KW-5805 to the metabolites contributes little to the development of the antisecretory effect. (+info)
Biological modification of trichothecene mycotoxins: acetylation and deacetylation of deoxynivalenols by Fusarium spp. (8/21)Attempts were made to elucidate the acetyl transformation of novel trichothecene mycotoxins, 3a,7a,15-trihydroxy-12,13-epoxytrichothec-9-en-8-one (deoxynivalenol) and its derivatives, by trichothecene-producing strains of Fusarium nivale, F. roseum, and F. solani. In the peptone-supplemented Czapek-Dox medium, F. roseum converted 3a-acetoxy-7a,15-dihydroxy-12,13-epoxytrichothec-9-en-8-one (3-acetyldeoxynivalenol) to deoxynivalenol. 3-Acetyldeoxynivalenol was also deacetylated by intact mycelia of the three strains in sugar-free Czapek-Dox medium. The growing F. nivale acetylated deoxynivalenol to afford a small amount of 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol. 3a,7a,15-Triacetoxy-12,13-epoxytrichothec-9-en-8-one (7,15-diacetyl-deoxynivalenol), which was then deacetylated to give 7a-acetoxy-3a,15-dihydroxy-12,13-epoxytrichothec-9-en-8-one (7-acetyldeoxynivalenol). It was noted that the ester at C-7 was not hydrolyzed by the fungal mycelium. (+info)
It is one of the three isomers of the benzoxepins. 3-Benzoxepin itself is a non-natural compound, but the bicyclic ring system ... The latter syntheses give 3-benzoxepins in low yields (4-6%). 3-Benzoxepin is a bright yellow solid that crystallizes in ...
... may refer to: Naphthols 1-Naphthol 2-Naphthol Benzoxepins 1-Benzoxepin 2-Benzoxepin 3-Benzoxepin Hydroxyazulenes 1- ...