Benzoic Acid: A fungistatic compound that is widely used as a food preservative. It is conjugated to GLYCINE in the liver and excreted as hippuric acid.Benzoates: Derivatives of BENZOIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxybenzene structure.Nitrobenzoates: Benzoic acid or benzoic acid esters substituted with one or more nitro groups.Hippurates: Salts and esters of hippuric acid.Metalloporphyrins: Porphyrins which are combined with a metal ion. The metal is bound equally to all four nitrogen atoms of the pyrrole rings. They possess characteristic absorption spectra which can be utilized for identification or quantitative estimation of porphyrins and porphyrin-bound compounds.Chloride Channels: Cell membrane glycoproteins that form channels to selectively pass chloride ions. Nonselective blockers include FENAMATES; ETHACRYNIC ACID; and TAMOXIFEN.Food Preservatives: Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.ortho-Aminobenzoates: Benzoic acids, salts, or esters that contain an amino group attached to carbon number 2 or 6 of the benzene ring structure.BenzaldehydesInsectivora: An order of insect eating MAMMALS including MOLES; SHREWS; HEDGEHOGS and tenrecs.Aminobenzoates: Derivatives of BENZOIC ACID that contain one or more amino groups attached to the benzene ring structure. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the aminobenzoate structure.para-Aminobenzoates: Benzoic acids, salts, or esters that contain an amino group attached to carbon number 4 of the benzene ring structure.4-Aminobenzoic Acid: An aminobenzoic acid isomer that combines with pteridine and GLUTAMIC ACID to form FOLIC ACID. The fact that 4-aminobenzoic acid absorbs light throughout the UVB range has also resulted in its use as an ingredient in SUNSCREENS.4,4'-Diisothiocyanostilbene-2,2'-Disulfonic Acid: An inhibitor of anion conductance including band 3-mediated anion transport.Parabens: Methyl, propyl, butyl, and ethyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid. They have been approved by the FDA as antimicrobial agents for foods and pharmaceuticals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed, p872)Salicylates: The salts or esters of salicylic acids, or salicylate esters of an organic acid. Some of these have analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory activities by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis.Bromobenzoates: Benzoic acid or benzoic acid esters substituted with one or more bromine atoms.Niflumic Acid: An analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.Zygosaccharomyces: A genus of ascomycetous fungi of the family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES.Vanillic Acid: A flavoring agent. It is the intermediate product in the two-step bioconversion of ferulic acid to vanillin. (J Biotechnol 1996;50(2-3):107-13).Carboxylic Acids: Organic compounds containing the carboxy group (-COOH). This group of compounds includes amino acids and fatty acids. Carboxylic acids can be saturated, unsaturated, or aromatic.Hydroxybenzoates: Benzoate derivatives substituted by one or more hydroxy groups in any position on the benzene ring.Chlorides: Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.Salicylic Acid: A compound obtained from the bark of the white willow and wintergreen leaves. It has bacteriostatic, fungicidal, and keratolytic actions.Salicylanilides: 2-Hydroxy-N-phenylbenzamides. N-phenyl substituted salicylamides. Derivatives have been used as fungicides, anti-mildew agents and topical antifungal agents. In concentrated form may cause irritation of skin and mucous membranes.Petunia: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain steroidal glycosides.Hypotonic Solutions: Solutions that have a lesser osmotic pressure than a reference solution such as blood, plasma, or interstitial fluid.Retinoids: A group of tetraterpenes, with four terpene units joined head-to-tail. Biologically active members of this class are used clinically in the treatment of severe cystic ACNE; PSORIASIS; and other disorders of keratinization.Benzene DerivativesCytostatic Agents: Compounds that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of CELLS.Boraginaceae: The Borage plant family is in the class Magnoliopsida, subclass Asteridae, order Lamiales. It is characterized by hairy foliage, usually alternate and simple; flowers are funnel-shaped or tubular. Some of the species contain PYRROLIZIDINE ALKALOIDS.Tetrahydronaphthalenes: Partially saturated 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene compounds.CinnamatesPlant Structures: The parts of plants, including SEEDS.Phenol: An antiseptic and disinfectant aromatic alcohol.Epoxide Hydrolases: Enzymes that catalyze reversibly the formation of an epoxide or arene oxide from a glycol or aromatic diol, respectively.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Phenylacetates: Derivatives of phenylacetic acid. Included under this heading are a variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the benzeneacetic acid structure. Note that this class of compounds should not be confused with derivatives of phenyl acetate, which contain the PHENOL ester of ACETIC ACID.Trimethylsilyl Compounds: Organic silicon derivatives used to characterize hydroxysteroids, nucleosides, and related compounds. Trimethylsilyl esters of amino acids are used in peptide synthesis.Acetic Anhydrides: Compounds used extensively as acetylation, oxidation and dehydrating agents and in the modification of proteins and enzymes.Benzyl Alcohols: Alcohols derived from the aryl radical (C6H5CH2-) and defined by C6H5CHOH. The concept includes derivatives with any substituents on the benzene ring.Coumaric Acids: Hydroxycinnamic acid and its derivatives. Act as activators of the indoleacetic acid oxidizing system, thereby producing a decrease in the endogenous level of bound indoleacetic acid in plants.Acids: Chemical compounds which yield hydrogen ions or protons when dissolved in water, whose hydrogen can be replaced by metals or basic radicals, or which react with bases to form salts and water (neutralization). An extension of the term includes substances dissolved in media other than water. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Triazenes: Compounds with three contiguous nitrogen atoms in linear format, H2N-N=NH, and hydrocarbyl derivatives.Anions: Negatively charged atoms, radicals or groups of atoms which travel to the anode or positive pole during electrolysis.Chlorobenzoates: Benzoic acid or benzoic acid esters substituted with one or more chlorine atoms.Free Radical Scavengers: Substances that influence the course of a chemical reaction by ready combination with free radicals. Among other effects, this combining activity protects pancreatic islets against damage by cytokines and prevents myocardial and pulmonary perfusion injuries.Catechols: A group of 1,2-benzenediols that contain the general formula R-C6H5O2.Phenols: Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.Aniline CompoundsKinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.

A kinetic study on benzoic acid pungency and sensory attributes of benzoic acid. (1/279)

Aqueous solutions of benzoic acid (BA) were evaluated by two methods: (i) sensory profile: a descriptive test of sensory attributes combined with semiquantitative analysis; and (ii) pungency intensity measures as a function of time: a computerized recording using specific software. Kinetic parameters evaluated were maximal intensity (I(MAX)), total time of pungency (Ttot), rates of increase (V1) and decrease (V2), half-life (T1/2), area under curve (AUC) and time to maximal intensity (T(IMAX)). Results were analyzed by ANOVA, LSD test, iterative calculations and adjustment to equations according to mathematical models, regression analysis, principal component analysis (PCA) and clusters analysis. Pungency was the main sensory attribute of BA (3-36 mM) in the tongue and epiglottis. The seven kinetic parameters showed concentration-dependency (P < 0.001) and were described by different functions: (i) lineal: I(MAX) = 2.24 +/- 0.14C - 3.06 +/- 2.58, R2 = 0.98; T(IMAX) = 0.19 +/- 0.02C + 6.87 +/- 0.47, R2 = 0.92; V1 = 0.68 +/- 0.03C + 0.10 +/- 0.69, R2 = 0.99; AUC = 49.10 +/- 3.17C - 230.78 +/- 59.66, R2 = 0.98; (ii) potency: T1/2 = 6.62 +/- 0.61C(0.39+/-0.03), R2 = 0.97; V2 = 1.07 +/- 0.11C(0.53+/-0.04), R2 = 0.98; Ttot = 8.08 +/- 1.01C(0.43+/-0.04), R2 = 0.96. PCA revealed high correlation between (i) T(IMAX) and Ttot; (ii) T1/2 and V2; and (iii) I(MAX) and V1. Stimuli grouped across three main clusters: (i) 3 and 6 mM; (ii) 9, 12 and 18 mM; and (iii) 24 and 36 mM. Maximal pungency intensity best correlated with both concentration and persistence among kinetic parameters. Prototypical prickling of BA was observed at 12 and 18 mM.  (+info)

Chemicals in laboratory room air stimulate olfactory neurons of female Bombyx mori. (2/279)

Laboratory air contained odorants that elicited electrophysiological responses in female Bombyx mori antennae. Air entrainments on charcoal filters, extracted with CS(2) and subsequently with acetone, were analyzed by coupled gas chromatography (GC)-electroantennogram (EAG) as well as by GC-mass spectrometry. The CS(2) extract contained 12 EAG-active peaks from which benzaldehyde, octanal, limonene, 1,8-cineol, methyl benzoate, nonanal, decanal and geranyl acetone were identified. In the acetone extract we identified eight EAG-active peaks as phenol, nonanal, 2-ethylhexanoic acid, octanoic acid, benzoic acid, nonanoic acid, decanoic acid and dimethyl phthalate. The concentrations of benzoic acid and benzaldehyde present in laboratory air were determined. The origin of the substances and importance of such odorants in laboratory air for the interpretation of physiological experiments on the olfactory system is discussed.  (+info)

Gene cloning and nucleotide sequencing and properties of a cocaine esterase from Rhodococcus sp. strain MB1. (3/279)

A strain of Rhodococcus designated MB1, which was capable of utilizing cocaine as a sole source of carbon and nitrogen for growth, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of the tropane alkaloid-producing plant Erythroxylum coca. A cocaine esterase was found to initiate degradation of cocaine, which was hydrolyzed to ecgonine methyl ester and benzoate; both of these esterolytic products were further metabolized by Rhodococcus sp. strain MB1. The structural gene encoding a cocaine esterase, designated cocE, was cloned from Rhodococcus sp. strain MB1 genomic libraries by screening recombinant strains of Rhodococcus erythropolis CW25 for growth on cocaine. The nucleotide sequence of cocE corresponded to an open reading frame of 1,724 bp that codes for a protein of 574 amino acids. The amino acid sequence of cocaine esterase has a region of similarity with the active serine consensus of X-prolyl dipeptidyl aminopeptidases, suggesting that the cocaine esterase is a serine esterase. The cocE coding sequence was subcloned into the pCFX1 expression plasmid and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant cocaine esterase was purified to apparent homogeneity and was found to be monomeric, with an M(r) of approximately 65,000. The apparent K(m) of the enzyme (mean +/- standard deviation) for cocaine was measured as 1.33 +/- 0.085 mM. These findings are of potential use in the development of a linked assay for the detection of illicit cocaine.  (+info)

A 90-kilobase conjugative chromosomal element coding for biphenyl and salicylate catabolism in Pseudomonas putida KF715. (4/279)

The biphenyl and salicylate metabolic pathways in Pseudomonas putida KF715 are chromosomally encoded. The bph gene cluster coding for the conversion of biphenyl to benzoic acid and the sal gene cluster coding for the salicylate meta-pathway were obtained from the KF715 genomic cosmid libraries. These two gene clusters were separated by 10-kb DNA and were highly prone to deletion when KF715 was grown in nutrient medium. Two types of deletions took place at the region including only the bph genes (ca. 40 kb) or at the region including both the bph and sal genes (ca. 70 kb). A 90-kb DNA region, including both the bph and sal genes (termed the bph-sal element), was transferred by conjugation from KF715 to P. putida AC30. Such transconjugants gained the ability to grow on biphenyl and salicylate as the sole sources of carbon. The bph and sal element was located on the chromosome of the recipient. The bph-sal element in strain AC30 was also highly prone to deletion; however, it could be mobilized to the chromosome of P. putida KT2440 and the two deletion mutants of KF715.  (+info)

Novel scheme for biosynthesis of aryl metabolites from L-phenylalanine in the fungus Bjerkandera adusta. (5/279)

Aryl metabolite biosynthesis was studied in the white rot fungus Bjerkandera adusta cultivated in a liquid medium supplemented with L-phenylalanine. Aromatic compounds were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry following addition of labelled precursors ((14)C- and (13)C-labelled L-phenylalanine), which did not interfere with fungal metabolism. The major aromatic compounds identified were benzyl alcohol, benzaldehyde (bitter almond aroma), and benzoic acid. Hydroxy- and methoxybenzylic compounds (alcohols, aldehydes, and acids) were also found in fungal cultures. Intracellular enzymatic activities (phenylalanine ammonia lyase, aryl-alcohol oxidase, aryl-alcohol dehydrogenase, aryl-aldehyde dehydrogenase, lignin peroxidase) and extracellular enzymatic activities (aryl-alcohol oxidase, lignin peroxidase), as well as aromatic compounds, were detected in B. adusta cultures. Metabolite formation required de novo protein biosynthesis. Our results show that L-phenylalanine was deaminated to trans-cinnamic acid by a phenylalanine ammonia lyase and trans-cinnamic acid was in turn converted to aromatic acids (phenylpyruvic, phenylacetic, mandelic, and benzoylformic acids); benzaldehyde was a metabolic intermediate. These acids were transformed into benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol, and benzoic acid. Our findings support the hypothesis that all of these compounds are intermediates in the biosynthetic pathway from L-phenylalanine to aryl metabolites. Additionally, trans-cinnamic acid can also be transformed via beta-oxidation to benzoic acid. This was confirmed by the presence of acetophenone as a beta-oxidation degradation intermediate. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a beta-oxidation sequence leading to benzoic acid synthesis has been found in a white rot fungus. A novel metabolic scheme for biosynthesis of aryl metabolites from L-phenylalanine is proposed.  (+info)

Developmental regulation of methyl benzoate biosynthesis and emission in snapdragon flowers. (6/279)

In snapdragon flowers, the volatile ester methyl benzoate is the most abundant scent compound. It is synthesized by and emitted from only the upper and lower lobes of petals, where pollinators (bumblebees) come in contact with the flower. Emission of methyl benzoate occurs in a rhythmic manner, with maximum emission during the day, which correlates with pollinator activity. A novel S-adenosyl-l-methionine:benzoic acid carboxyl methyl transferase (BAMT), the final enzyme in the biosynthesis of methyl benzoate, and its corresponding cDNA have been isolated and characterized. The complete amino acid sequence of the BAMT protein has only low levels of sequence similarity to other previously characterized proteins, including plant O-methyl transferases. During the life span of the flower, the levels of methyl benzoate emission, BAMT activity, BAMT gene expression, and the amounts of BAMT protein and benzoic acid are developmentally and differentially regulated. Linear regression analysis revealed that production of methyl benzoate is regulated by the amount of benzoic acid and the amount of BAMT protein, which in turn is regulated at the transcriptional level.  (+info)

Allosteric inhibition of endothelin ETA receptors by 3, 5-dibromosalicylic acid. (7/279)

Derivatives of salicylic acid (SA) and benzoic acid prevent endothelin-1 (ET-1) binding to ETA receptors. This study analyzed actions of 30 derivatives of benzoic acid and salicylic acid on (125)I-ET-1 binding to recombinant rat ETA receptors. The most active compounds were 3,5-dibromosalicylic acid (Br2SA, K(i) = 0.5 mM) and 3,5-diiodosalicylic acid (K(i) = 0.3 mM). They were about 50 times more potent than SA and aspirin. Br2SA inhibited equilibrium (125)I-ET-1 binding in an apparently competitive manner. It accelerated 8-fold the dissociation of (125)I-ET-1 receptor complexes and did not modify the second order rate constant of association of (125)I-ET-1 to its receptors. Br2SA also decreased the affinity of ETA receptors for receptor antagonists BQ-123 and bosentan. Br2SA accelerated dissociation of (125)I-ET-1-solubilized ETA receptor complexes and decreased the apparent molecular size of solubilized receptors. Br2SA and 3,5-diiodosalicylic acid inhibited two cellular actions of ET-1: the mobilization of intracellular Ca(2+) stores in isolated cells and contractions of rat aortic rings. They accelerated the relaxing action of BQ-123 and bosentan in ET-1-treated aortic rings. The results suggest the existence of an allosteric modifier site on ETA receptors that recognizes selected derivatives of SA. SA derivatives might be of therapeutic interest to relieve tight ET-1 binding and to favor actions of receptor antagonists.  (+info)

Genetic manipulation of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase and fructose 2,6-bisphosphate levels affects the extent to which benzoic acid inhibits the growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (8/279)

The mechanisms by which the weak acid preservative benzoic acid inhibits the growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been investigated. A reduction in the pyruvate kinase level, which decreases glycolytic flux, did not increase the sensitivity of yeast to benzoic acid. However, a decrease in 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (PF1K), which does not affect glycolytic flux, did increase sensitivity to benzoic acid. Also, resistance was increased by elevating PF1K levels. Hence, resistance to benzoic acid was not dependent upon optimum glycolytic flux, but upon an adequate PF1K activity. Benzoic acid was shown to depress fructose 2,6-bisphosphate levels in YKC14, a mutant with low PF1K levels. This effect was partially suppressed by overexpressing constitutively active 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (Pfk26(Asp644)) or by inactivating fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (in a Deltafbp26 mutant). The inactivation of PF2K (in a Deltapfk26 Deltapfk27 mutant) increased benzoic acid sensitivity. Therefore, the antimicrobial effects of benzoic acid can be relieved, at least in part, by the genetic manipulation of PF1K or fructose 2,6-bisphosphate levels.  (+info)

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Metabolism Information for Isodecyl Benzoate Isodecyl Benzoate (IDB) is an alkyl benzyl ester, also referred to as a carboxylic ester (R-C(O)-OR) produced by reaction with benzoic acid and isodecyl (C10) alcohol. An important feature is that such esters are poorly soluble in water. Esters are reactive with water and can hydrolyze under either acidic or basic conditions. The expected hydrolysis of IDB would be a reverse of the esterification process (generally catalyzed with esterase) and would produce benzoic acid and primary C10 alcohol. Benzoic acid can be further metabolised to hippuric acid and benzoyl glucuronide and excreted in the urine. Some benzoic acid may also be excreted in the urine. The primary C10 alcoholcan be further metabolised by mitochondrial beta-oxidation or by cytochrome P450 mediated omega and omega-minus-one oxidation (may be followed by beta-oxidation). The C10 alcohol can undergo various oxidative steps to yield other smaller alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, or ...
Metabolism Information for Isodecyl Benzoate Isodecyl Benzoate (IDB) is an alkyl benzyl ester, also referred to as a carboxylic ester (R-C(O)-OR) produced by reaction with benzoic acid and isodecyl (C10) alcohol. An important feature is that such esters are poorly soluble in water. Esters are reactive with water and can hydrolyze under either acidic or basic conditions. The expected hydrolysis of IDB would be a reverse of the esterification process (generally catalyzed with esterase) and would produce benzoic acid and primary C10 alcohol. Benzoic acid can be further metabolised to hippuric acid and benzoyl glucuronide and excreted in the urine. Some benzoic acid may also be excreted in the urine. The primary C10 alcoholcan be further metabolised by mitochondrial beta-oxidation or by cytochrome P450 mediated omega and omega-minus-one oxidation (may be followed by beta-oxidation). The C10 alcohol can undergo various oxidative steps to yield other smaller alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, or ...
In the present study, FCR was improved by benzoic acid supplementation in the starter and finisher period. Better feed conversion of broiler chickens in the early stage of growth might be associated with the bacteriostatic effect of benzoic acid and less competition for nutrients between host and native microbiota. It has been shown that benzoic acid has antimicrobial properties, mainly because of its inhibitory effect on several microbial enzymes, in particular, a-ketoglutaric acid dehydrogenase and succinic acid dehydrogenase (Bosund, 1962). Knarreborg et al. (2002) demonstrated, in the batch culture conditions, that the benzoic acid and, to a lesser extent, fumaric acid exerted strong lethal properties towards lactic acid bacteria. The above authors suggested pH-dependent effects on coliform bacteria and lactic acid bacteria in stomach content and on coliform bacteria in content from the small intestine. The pH values used in the batch culture system by (Knarreborg et al., 2002) were supposed ...
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A theoretical study supported by some experimental tests has been carried out with the aim of comparing one-dimensional (1-D) biofilm reactor models that use simplified (zero- and first-order) and Monod kinetics. Two different situations have been compared: one rate-limiting substrate with or without liquid film diffusion. The results obtained show that the use of a simplified kinetic approach compared to the Monod kinetic approach determines (1) an unjustified overestimate of the removal rate, especially for thin biofilms, and (2) an excessive overestimate of the liquid film layer thickness necessary to justify high kinetic orders. Even if recent research projects show that biofilm structure is more complicated than the one assumed in the modelling approach used in this study, nevertheless 1-D models still now continue to be the only ones that can reasonably support process engineers in biofilm reactor design, due to their intrinsic simplicity and the need for small sets of input data and ...
4-[[(1S)-1-carboxyethyl]-[(2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxycarbonyl]amino]benzoic acid 167496-24-4 route of synthesis, 4-[[(1S)-1-carboxyethyl]-[(2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxycarbonyl]amino]benzoic acid chemical synthesis methods, 4-[[(1S)-1-carboxyethyl]-[(2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxycarbonyl]amino]benzoic acid synthetic routes ect.
4-(pyrazol-1-ylmethyl)benzoic acid 160388-53-4 NMR spectrum, 4-(pyrazol-1-ylmethyl)benzoic acid H-NMR spectral analysis, 4-(pyrazol-1-ylmethyl)benzoic acid C-NMR spectral analysis ect.
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... immersed in 1300 g of water. The temperature of the water rises from 25 to 30.2 degrees C. The heat of combustion of benzoic acid is -26.4 kJ/g. The heat capacity of water is 4.18. What is the heat capacity of the bomb calorimeter (in J/C)? ...
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Benzoic Acid is widely used as a preservative in the form of colorless solution. This product has a bitter, salty or sour flavor to most people. Soft dr...
(i) How will you convert phenol to benzoic acid? ii) An organic compound A having molecular formula gives a characteristic colour with aqueous solution. A on treatment with NaOH at 400 K under pressure gives B which on …
Benzoic acid, 5-methoxy-2-[[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]oxy]-, methyl ester | C10H9F3O6S | CID 71361001 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
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4-(3-(5-chloro-2-(2-(((2,6-dimethylbenzyl)sulfonyl)amino)ethyl)-1-(diphenylmethyl)-1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)benzoic acid: structure in first source
This page contains information on the chemical Benzoic acid, 3-amino-2,4,6-triiodo-, sodium salt including: 5 synonyms/identifiers.
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2,3-dimethoxy-6-[(E)-(phenylimino)methyl]benzoic acid - chemical structural formula, chemical names, chemical properties, synthesis references
Benzoic acid, 2-[3-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1-oxo-2-propenyl]- | C17H14O5 | CID 71400148 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
This page contains information on the chemical Benzoic acid, p-amino-, 3-(dibutylamino)propyl ester, hydrochloride including: 8 synonyms/identifiers.
98092-83-2 - BHNYRBDQHGCVNT-UHFFFAOYSA-N - Benzoic acid, 4-(5-hydroxypentyl)-, ethyl ester - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
Suppliers List, E-mail/RFQ Form, Molecular Structure, Weight, Formula, IUPAC, Synonyms for Benzoic acid, 4-[[3-(4-pyridinyl)propyl]thio]-, sodium salt (1:1) (CAS No. 919113-95-4)
4-((8-amino-3,6,10,13,16,19-hexaazabicyclo(6.6.6)icosane-1-ylamino)methyl)benzoic acid: a bifunctional chelating agent; structure in first source
105945-47-9 - ZAMIPRRWRQNNJF-VHEBQXMUSA-N - Benzoic acid, 3-(6-amino-2-hydroxy-3-pyridylazo)-2,4,6-triiodo- - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
You are viewing an interactive 3D depiction of the molecule 3,5-dihydroxy-4-[(1e)-5-methoxy-5-oxo-1-penten-1-yl]benzoic acid (C13H14O6) from the PQR.
You are viewing an interactive 3D depiction of the molecule 4-[[(2R)-2-carboxypropyl]amino]benzoic acid (C11H13NO4) from the PQR.
The market research report Global 4 Fmoc Amino Benzoic Acid Cas 185116 43 2 Market comprises of market growth, trends, forecasts, key competitor analysis and new business opportunities.
We have developed a method for direct, copper-catalyzed, auxiliary-assisted fluorination of β-sp2 C-H bonds of benzoic acid derivatives and γ-sp2 C-H bonds of ...
1. Introduction In the aerobic environment, the most dangerous by product are the species of reactive oxygen. The role of antioxidants is to detoxify reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) in the body. Over the past several years, nutritional antioxidants have attracted considerable interest in the popular press as potential treatment for a wide variety of disease states, including cancer and other causes e.g. cancer, chronic inflammatory diseases and aging (Delany L. 1993).. Naturally occurring inhibitors of oxidation in food generally originate from plant-based materials. The active components, namely phenolics and polyphenolics, including tocopherols, are secondary plant metabolites and are first derived from phenylalanine and in certain cases and in some plants from tyrosine. The resultant phenylpropanoids may then undergo further transformation to yield benzoic acid derivatives as well as flavonoids, isoflavons, and other complex polyphenols. Thus, natural food phenolics are present as a ...
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You have a mixture composed of 90% benzoic acid and 10% naphthalene. Benzoic acid has a melting point of 122.4 oC, while naphthalene has a melting point of 80.2 oC. You can say with certainty that the melting point of the mixture will ...
Note: Click on ✔️ to view the specification. SR NO PRODUCT NAME CAS NO USES SPECIFICATION 1 4 METHOXY BENZOIC ACID/ PARA ANISC ACID 100 - 0
DSM Nutritional Products announces a worldwide price increase for VevoVitall® (ultra-pure grade of benzoic acid) of €50 (Europe) or US$120 (Rest of the World) per ton.
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Analytical Profile of 4 - (4-Nitro Benzene Azo) - 3 - Amino Benzoic Acid on a Surface of Natural Granulated Calcined Iraqi Montmorillonite Clay Mineral, via Columnar Method.
ABSTRACT. The present work attempts to solve pollution problems in watery surroundings by aromatic compounds such as the phenol and the benzoic acid. Several ways of elimination of these compounds were the object of different research among which is the use of bacteria. In this framework, Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterium is used to eliminate phenol and the benzoic acid. This made it possible to isolate the Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterium directly on the nourishing environment containing phenol and benzoic acid as source of energy then the bacteria is incubated at 37˚C during a minimal duration of four days. Furthermore, we studied the influence of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterium on the deterioration of an area exposed to a phenol and the benzoic acid concentration. Results obtained at the time of the different experimentations clearly show that phenol and the benzoic acid were eliminated by the Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterium. However, it was noted that during the various investigations ...
The pH of saturated benzoic acid (C6H5COOH) at 25 degrees Celsius is 2.8. Benzoic acid is the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid, consisting of a benzene ring bonded to carboxylic acid.Source:Benzoic Acid MSDSNIST: Benzoic AcidIPCS: Benzoic Acid
What is sodium benzoate and is it safe? Since sodium benzoate contains a natural ingredient, it is probably safe, right? Read more here:
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The levels of preservatives are regulated in processed food - not that its a good idea to eat them. Sodium benzoate, for example, is included at ~0.1% in foods that contain it - hence, a liter of soup contains a milliliter (1 cc) of sodium benzoate. While no sane person would knowingly eat a teaspoon of a benzoic acid derivative, since it kills microbes theyve allowed it in food.. If most of your food has preservatives in it (i.e. if it is typical processed food or soft drinks, engineered for long shelf life), then you could be ingesting say, 50 grams of chemical preservatives a month. The food industry says it is safe based on ancient studies done in the 1950s, but thats not so very clear. In the end, compounds like benzoic acid (benzene + CO2 -> benzoic acid) have to be eliminated by the liver, and too much leads to toxic effects, like damage to ...
Find quality suppliers and manufacturers of 136304-78-4(Benzoic acid, 3-amino-2-[[(2-cyano[1,1-biphenyl]-4-yl)methyl]amino]-, methyl ester) for price inquiry. where to buy 136304-78-4(Benzoic acid, 3-amino-2-[[(2-cyano[1,1-biphenyl]-4-yl)methyl]amino]-, methyl ester).Also offer free database of 136304-78-4(Benzoic acid, 3-amino-2-[[(2-cyano[1,1-biphenyl]-4-yl)methyl]amino]-, methyl ester) including MSDS sheet(poisoning, toxicity, hazards and safety),chemical properties,Formula, density and structure, solution etc.
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Vorrätiges Filmmaterial Benzoic Acid used as a food preservative in butchers pet meat poisonous only to cats - meat is in open-pack mincemeat-type slabs
Guid: ANB7820X
Story Number: 013/72/07
Dr. Clarks response - Sodium benzoate works by pulling ammonia out of the body. Ammonia is converted to urea for excretion in the urine by going through the urea cycle. The urea cycle starts when ammonia is converted to carbamyl phosphate. Carbamyl phosphate commits the body to making urea. The VERY next reaction consumes ornithine. So when sodium benzoate is given to the GAMT patients the thinking is it is sparing the loss of ornithine by the urea cycle. If ornithine is not consumed by the urea cycle maybe it can stay around to inhibit AGAT. That is the theory. Sodium Benzoate has a long history for treating patients with urea cycle deficits and is generally considered to be safe. It is actually found in some foods as a preservative. Based on its safety and the importance of sparing ornithine I do think the sodium benzoate is a good option for GAMT patients. I think some physicians may be hesitant to use it in GAMT patients because usually sodium benzoate is indicated to decrease ammonia, and ...
HABA matrix 1 gram $235.00. 2-(4-Hydroxybenzeneazo)benzoic acid (HABA) can be used as a MALDI mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) matrix and has a strong absorbance at 337 nm. HABA is recommended for use to analyze oligosacharides or intact proteins. - HABA, 2-(4-Hydroxybenzeneazo)benzoic acid, is an effective MALDI mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) matrix and has a strong absorbance at 337 nm. -
HABA Matrix 25 mg $22.00. Pre-Weighed Ultrapure MALDI Matrix Tubes. 2-(4-Hydroxybenzeneazo)benzoic acid (HABA) can be used as a MALDI mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) - HABA, 2-(4-Hydroxybenzeneazo)benzoic acid, is an effective MALDI mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) matrix and has a strong absorbance at 337 nm. -
The report generally describes 3-(piperazin-1-yl)benzoic acid, examines its uses, production methods, patents. 3-(Piperazin-1-yl)benzoic acid market
As a followup to the earlier Bateman (2004) study, the authors retested a 153 toddlers as well as 144 elementary school (8/9 years old) children from the general population. They were briefly put on a dye-free diet and then tested with a modest amount (20 mg and 30 mg) of food dyes mixed with the sodium benzoate preservative.. AUTHORS CONCLUSION: "Artificial colours or a sodium benzoate preservative (or both) in the diet result in increased hyperactivity in 3-year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the general population.". NOTE: These children were not hyperactive, nor were they screened for sensitivity to the dyes or any other additives. Nevertheless, they showed more hyperactive-type behaviors when consuming the combination of food dyes and the preservative.. NOTE: I have always wondered why this study uses sodium benzoate rather than the BHT, BHA, and TBHQ that saturates so much of American food. The Feingold diet doesnt eliminate sodium benzoate and most (but not all) members tolerate it. ...
Sodium Benzoate is a chemical additive used to preserve foods. This product appears as a white granular or crystalline powder with a slight odor of benz...
Learn about the potential side effects of caffeine/sodium benzoate. Includes common and rare side effects information for consumers and healthcare professionals.
Wego Chemical Group is an industrial distributor and supplier of Sodium Benzoate, providing supply chain, logistics and warehousing solutions across the world.
antibody-antibodies.com is the marketplace for research antibodies. Find the right antibody for your research needs. Benzoate degradation via CoA ligation
foods containing benzoic acid or sodium benzoate can help to stop you from getting TB. Oranges and orange juice, cinnamon, tomatoes, some berries, and other stuff has benzoic acid. It wont help you much if you got it full blown, but will deter you getting it. The meds to treated TB with utilized benzene chemistry to kill the virus. It was the first real successful way of social engineering the public to consume foods of a certain chemistry to get rid of a disease plagueing the people. Tomatoes and oranges became good food for people and they started using sodium benzoate as a preservative more...it is even in root beer and cream soda ...
Neuraminidase (NA), a surface glycoprotein of influenza virus, is a potential target for design of antiinfluenza agents. The crystal structure of influenza virus neuraminidase showed that in the active site 11 residues are universally conserved among all strains known so far. Several potent inhibitors based on the carbohydrate compound 2-deoxy-2,3-didehydro-D-N-acetylneuraminic acid (DANA) have been shown to bind to the conserved active site and to reduce virus infection in animals when administered by nasal spray. Inhibitors of this type are, however, rapidly excreted from physiological systems and may not be effective in order to provide long-time protection. A new class of specific NA inhibitors, which are benzoic acid derivatives, has been designed on the basis of the three-dimensional structure of the NA-DANA complex and modeling of derivatives of 4-(acetylamino)benzoic acid in the NA active site. Intermediates were synthesized and were shown to moderately inhibit the NA activity and to ...
The use of protected benzoic acid feed in piglets in a zinc oxide (ZnO) replacement trial involving four mid-sized commercial farms in Spain resulted in a reduction in medication costs and improvement in performance, said Novus International, Inc. Piglets fed diets containing the protected organic acid product showed higher average daily gain (ADG) and lower feed conversion ratio (FCR) in all the farms compared with the piglets on the control diet; there were no differences in feed intake in the experimental and control groups, said the company ...
Synthetic Resin Material for sale, Quality White Benzoic Acid Powder for Synthetic Resin Material intermediate 99% Purity 65-85-0 on sale of Wuhan Biet Co.,Ltd from China.
Bero, MA, Gilboy, WB, Glover, PM and Keddie, JL (1999) Three-dimensional radiation dose measurements with ferrous benzoic acid xylenol orange in gelatin gel and optical absorption tomography ...
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We,China Suppliers & China Manufacturers, provide our Products catalog2: United ACETONE, United BENZOIC ACID, United CYCLOHEXANONE
Read "Effect of the aggregation of 4-[5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3-oxopenta-1,4-dienyl]benzoic acid and its potassium salt in a polymeric matrix on the third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of polymer-chromophore composites, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Laboratory grade Methyl 4-[(chlorosulfonyl)methyl]benzoate - 130047-14-2 from Georganics for your specific research needs. Check more product details and SDS.
1. Introduction In the aerobic environment, the most dangerous by product are the species of reactive oxygen. The role of antioxidants is to detoxify reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) in the body. Over the past several years, nutritional antioxidants have attracted considerable interest in the popular press as potential treatment for a wide variety of disease states, including cancer and other causes e.g. cancer, chronic inflammatory diseases and aging (Delany L. 1993).. Naturally occurring inhibitors of oxidation in food generally originate from plant-based materials. The active components, namely phenolics and polyphenolics, including tocopherols, are secondary plant metabolites and are first derived from phenylalanine and in certain cases and in some plants from tyrosine. The resultant phenylpropanoids may then undergo further transformation to yield benzoic acid derivatives as well as flavonoids, isoflavons, and other complex polyphenols. Thus, natural food phenolics are present as a ...
Bz = Benzoyl (Bz, benzoic acid ester) : 2nd step in the catalysis of Benzilic acid from oxidation of Benzoic acid. See "benzoic acid". A very common [reagent] for site-directed oligonucleotide synthesis ...
Bz = Benzoyl (Bz, benzoic acid ester) : 2nd step in the catalysis of Benzilic acid from oxidation of Benzoic acid. See "benzoic acid". A very common [reagent] for site-directed oligonucleotide synthesis ...
Results of two different predicted data study for the target chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium (CAS No. 94158-82-4) were reviewed for the bioaccumulation end point which are summarized as below: In a first prediction done by using BCFBAF Program (v3.00) model of EPI suite(Estimation Program Interface 2017) the estimated bio concentration factor (BCF) for 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium (CAS No. 94158-82-4) is 3.162 L/kg wet-wt at 25 deg. c which does not exceed the bioconcentration threshold of 2000. Therefore it is concluded that test chemical 2-amino-4-acetamido-5-[(E)-2-(4-{[2-(sulfooxy)ethane]sulfonyl}phenyl)diazen-1-yl]benzoic acid sodium is non bioaccumulative in food chain. In a supporting study another prediction done by using Adsorption Coefficient module (v12.1.0.50374) program of (ACD (Advanced Chemistry Development)/I-Lab predictive module, ...
appropriate or ideal solvent for acid due to huge solubility difference in water. The mixture constantly swirled as the mixture was being heated increases rate of dissolution and entropy of the system increasing the interaction between water and benzoic acid molecules. The complete dissolution of benzoic acid led to a clear solution. Adding the boiling chip while at room temperature. it prevents the solution from boiling over It induces boiling of the mixture, which prevents it from spilling over Activated charcoal- used for decolorization made up of finely separated C atoms w/ great surface area adsorb the impurities from solution C atoms too BIG to pass thru filter paper minimizes impurities thus increasing purity Too much charcoal may cause loss of pure substance Filter syringe used to increase purity to filter out activated charcoal & other impurities on the cotton plug Solution was filtered rapidly to have as little residue of benzoic acid crystals as possible yielded from crystallization ...
Weak electrolytes are primarily molecules when dissolved in a solution. This is because a weak electrolyte produces very few ions when placed in a solution, and it only partially...
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Used for antiseptic, anti-animalcule and anti-freezing agent Used in food, medicine, tobacco, plating, print - Manufacturer - Producer - PSL207579YH
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The present work deals with the pharmacological screening of some newly synthesized triazoles. A series of 1,2,4-triazoles have been synthesized using benzoic acid or 4-chloro benzoic acid as the...
COMPLEXES OF Ni (II) AND Cu (II) SULPHATES WITH KETO AND ENOL FORMS OF ISOBUTRYL ACETIC ACID, 4-AMINO BENZOIC ACID AND 4-CYANO BENZOIC ACID HYDRAZIDES ...
If α is the degree of ionization, C the concentration and of a weak electrolyte and Ka the acid ionization constant, then the correct relationship between α, C and Ka is-JEE,Electrical conductors Arrhenius theory and Ostwald
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Well its finally official. The bad news is that it doesnt seem to have a cure. Unfortunately, Sodium Benzoate is prevalent all through the food and "entertainment" food and drink industries. Turns out that what was considered a product that was safe and left our bodies within 4-6 hours, leaves behind some potential nasty damage- on the bio-molecular level. And here we are giving it to children. Start the damage when theyre young and they get problems developing, which could pop up at any time in their lives ...
Chemical Equation Presented) The effect of modification of the electrophilic center from C=O to P=O on reactivity and reaction mechanism has been investigated for aminolysis of Y-substituted phenyl diphenylphosphinates (1a-j) and benzoates (2a-i). The phosphinates 1a-j are less reactive than the benzoates 2a-i. The reactions of 2,4-dinitrophenyl diphenylphosphinate (1a) with alicyclic secondary amines resulted in a linear Brønsted-type plot with a β nuc value of 0.38, while the corresponding reactions of 2,4-dinitrophenyl benzoate (2a) yielded a curved Brønsted-type plot. Similarly, a linear Brønsted-type plot with a β 1g value of -0.66 was obtained for the reactions of 1a-j with piperidine, while the corresponding reactions of 2a-i gave a curved Brønsted-type plot. The linear Brønsted-type plots for the reactions of 1a-j have been taken as evidence for a concerted mechanism, while the curved Brønsted-type plots for the reactions of 2a-i have been suggested to indicate a change in the ...
... Systematic (IUPAC) name 2-acetyloxy-4-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid Identifiers CAS number  ? ATC code B01AC18 PubChem 9458 Chemical
Śródbłonkowe działanie aldosteronu implikacje terapeutyczne płynące z badań podstawowych i klinicznych Endothelial action of aldosteron therapeutic implications from basic and clinical research. Drelicharz
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Autorskie projekty badawcze z zakresu neurologii, ortopedii, toksykologii, chirurgia doświadczalnej, onkologii, badań metabolicznych i behawioralnych (AnyMAZE, basen Morrisa, klatki strachu, Intellicage ...
An example of electrophilic aromatic substitution is the nitration of salicylic acid:[7] ...
Ethanoic acid. Straight-chain fatty acid. 2. 8. Short Estradiol benzoate. Non-polymer. C3. Benzoic acid. Aromatic fatty acid. ... Aromatic fatty acid. - (~6). 4. Moderate Estradiol enantate. Non-polymer. C17β. Heptanoic acid. Straight-chain fatty acid. 7. 3 ... Straight-chain fatty acid. 3 (×2). 6. Short Estradiol valerate. Non-polymer. C17β. Pentanoic acid. Straight-chain fatty acid. 5 ... Undecanoic acid. Straight-chain fatty acid. 11. 2. Long Polyestradiol phosphate. Polymer. C3-C17β. Phosphoric acid. ...
Benzoic acid Solid C7H6O2 −385.2 Carbon tetrachloride Liquid CCl4 −135.4 ...
adipic acid - a 6-carbon dicarboxylic acid, which can be a precursor used as a co-monomer together with a diamine to form an ... Purified terephthalic acid (PTA). Styrene monomer (SM). Thermosetting Resin (Urea/Melamine). Vinyl acetate monomer (VAM). Vinyl ... Acetic acid. Acrylonitrile (AN). Ammonia. Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (dioctyl phthalate). n-Butene. Cyclohexane. Dimethyl ... "Surface chemistry of phase-pure M1 MoVTeNb oxide during operation in selective oxidation of propane to acrylic acid". J. Catal ...
... benzoic acid) inside the bomb Δ. H. c. =. Δ. H. c. (. benzoic. acid. ). ×. m. benzoic. acid. +. Δ. H. c. (. Ni. fuse. wire. ). ... In order to calibrate the bomb, a small amount (~ 1 g) of benzoic acid, or p-methyl benzoic acid is weighed. A length of Nickel ... displaystyle \Delta H_{c}=\Delta H_{c({\ce {benzoic\ acid}})}\times m_{\ce {benzoic\ acid}}+\Delta H_{c({\ce {Ni\ fuse\ wire ... Common compounds are benzoic acid (. H. c. =. 6318. cal/g. {\displaystyle H_{c}=6318{\text{ cal/g}}}. ) or p-methyl benzoic ...
The conjugates of benzoic acid (hippuric acid and the glucuronide of benzoic acid) are rapidly eliminated in urine.[1] When ... It is rapidly hydrolyzed to benzoic acid and benzyl alcohol. Benzyl alcohol is subsequently metabolized to benzoic acid. ... It is the ester of benzyl alcohol and benzoic acid. It forms either a viscous liquid or solid flakes and has a weak, sweet- ... Maki, Takao; Takeda, Kazuo (15 June 2000). "Benzoic Acid and Derivatives". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. ...
... can be oxidized to benzoic acid; in fact "[B]enzaldehyde readily undergoes autoxidation to form benzoic acid on ... Since the boiling point of benzoic acid is much higher than that of benzaldehyde, it may be purified by distillation. Benzyl ... The synthesis of mandelic acid starts with the addition of hydrocyanic acid to benzaldehyde: The resulting cyanohydrin is ... "Investigations of the radical of benzoic acid]. Annalen der Pharmacie. 3 (3): 249-282. doi:10.1002/jlac.18320030302. hdl:2027/ ...
2-(acetoxy)benzoic acid. 2-乙酰氧基苯甲酸 ... acetylsalicylic acid. O-acetylsalicylic acid. PDB配體ID. AIN ( ... 阿司匹林[注 1](英語:Aspirin),也稱乙酰水楊酸(英語:acetylsalicylic acid),是水楊酸類藥物,通常用作鎮痛藥、解熱藥(英語:antipyretic)和消炎藥。[2] 阿司匹林也能防止血小板在血管破損處凝集,有抗凝作用。長期 ... 若按治療劑量服用,則有多達
Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... fatty acid thiokinase (medium chain), acyl-activating enzyme, fatty acid elongate, fatty acid activating enzyme, fatty acyl ... Mahler HR, Wakil SJ, Bock RM (1953). "Studies on fatty acid oxidation. I. Enzymatic activation of fatty acids". J. Biol. Chem. ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ...
Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ... benzoyl-CoA is then conjugated to glycine by GLYAT to form hippuric acid, releasing CoASH. In addition to the factors listed in ...
... benzoic acid, hippuric acid, norephedrine, and phenylacetone. Among these metabolites, the active sympathomimetics are 4- ... Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ... Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE (2009). "Chapter 5: Excitatory and Inhibitory Amino Acids". In Sydor A, Brown RY. Molecular ...
... benzoic acid, hippuric acid, norephedrine, and phenylacetone. Among these metabolites, the active sympathomimetics are 4- ... Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ... In principle, INNs are selected only for the active part of the molecule which is usually the base, acid or alcohol. In some ...
Stachel A, Kutzsche A, Zerweck W (1957). Nu-nu-dibenzylsulfamyl benzoic acid. US Patent US 2805250 A. Beyerle R, Nitz RE, Resag ... Together with Werner Zerweck they developed Nu-nu-dibenzylsulfamyl benzoic acid, US patent 2805250 A, in the early 1950s. Other ...
Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ... A common example is the processing of glutathione conjugates to acetylcysteine (mercapturic acid) conjugates. Here, the γ- ... Boyland E, Chasseaud LF (1969). "The role of glutathione and glutathione S-transferases in mercapturic acid biosynthesis". Adv ...
... benzoic acid, hippuric acid, norephedrine, and phenylacetone. Among these metabolites, the active sympathomimetics are 4- ... Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ... The attachment of the amino acid lysine slows down the relative amount of dextroamphetamine available to the blood stream. ...
... where it exists as benzoic acid. Acidic foods and beverages such as fruit juice (citric acid), sparkling drinks (carbonic acid ... The mechanism of food preservation begins with the absorption of benzoic acid into the cell. If the intracellular pH changes to ... Potassium benzoate (E212), the potassium salt of benzoic acid, is a food preservative that inhibits the growth of mold, yeast ... One very common way to make potassium benzoate is by oxidizing toluene to benzoic acid followed by a neutralization with ...
In the United States the formula for Paregoric, U.S.P. is tincture of opium 40 ml, anise oil 4 ml, benzoic acid 4 g, camphor 4 ... The 1926 formula is 4 g each of powdered opium, benzoic acid, and camphor; and 5 of oil of anise, prepared as a tincture by " ... For example, in the United Kingdom the formula for Paregoric, B.P. is tincture of opium 5 ml, benzoic acid 500 mg, camphor 300 ... Describes its preparation as follows: "Dissolve the benzoic acid, camphor and oil of anise in the alcohol, add the glycerin and ...
It is a derivative of benzoic acid. It is slightly soluble in water, and soluble in many organic solvents. A number of ...
... may be divided up into three entities; a benzoic acid derivative, a coumarin residue, and the sugar novobiose.[9] X- ... Figure 1. Biosynthetic scheme of benzamide portion of novobiocin (4-hydroxy-3-(3-methylbut-2-en-1-yl)benzoic acid) ... 2) begins with the natural amino acid L-tyrosine. This is then adenylated and thioesterified onto the peptidyl carrier protein ... 1) begins with prephenate which is a derived from the shikimic acid biosynthetic pathway. The enzyme NovF catalyzes the ...
The co-catalysts are benzoic acid and triethylamine. Molecular sieves (MS) prevent hydrolysis. Trost, B. M.; Tang, W.; Toste, F ... "Hard" nucleophiles typically have conjugate acids with pKas greater than 25, while "soft" nucleophiles typically have conjugate ... have been shown to act as soft nucleophiles with the addition of Lewis acids that help to facilitate deprotonation. The ... nucleophiles using a paradigm for describing nucleophiles that largely rests on the pKas of their conjugate acids. " ...
Park, E.-S.; Moon, W.-S. (2001). "Antimicrobial activity of phenol and benzoic acid derivatives". Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. ... lactic acid), and a blend". J. Controlled Release. 81: 57-64. doi:10.1016/S0168-3659(02)00041-X. Kenawy, E.-R.; Abdel-Fattah, Y ... lactic acid), and blending were prepared to use as an antimicrobial wound dressing. Cellulose derivatives are commonly used in ...
Gunsalus, C.F.; Stanier, R.Y.; Gunsalus, I.C. (1953). "The enzymatic conversion of mandelic acid to benzoic acid. III. ...
... it reacts to give benzoic acid after an acidic workup. Robertson, D. L. (2007-01-03). "Grignard Synthesis: Synthesis of Benzoic ... Acid and of Triphenylmethanol". MiraCosta College. Retrieved 2008-01-25. Stucky, G. D.; Rundle, R. E. (1963). "The Structure of ...
GUNSALUS CF, STANIER RY, GUNSALUS IC (1953). "The enzymatic conversion of mandelic acid to benzoic acid. III Fractionation and ...
Its chemical structure consists of hydrocodone coupled with benzoic acid. Benzhydrocodone itself is inactive and acts as a ...
... acnes by oxidizing its proteins through the formation of oxygen free radicals and benzoic acid. These free radicals likely ... Salicylic acid[edit]. Salicylic acid is a topically applied beta-hydroxy acid that stops bacteria from reproducing and has ... "Topical azelaic acid, salicylic acid, nicotinamide, sulphur, zinc and fruit acid (alpha-hydroxy acid) for acne". Cochrane ... lactic acid, salicylic acid, Jessner's solution, or a lower concentration (20%) of trichloroacetic acid. These peels only ...
... benzoic acid are presented. They were assayed in vitro as potential antimycotic agents against eight fungal strains, along with ... benzoic acid did not result unequivocally in a higher antifungal potency. ... benzoic acid ester antifungal activity; in vitro activity; salicylanilide; salicylanilide ester; 4-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic ... In this study, the synthesis and analytical data of eighteen salicylanilide esters with 4-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid are ...
... is a benzoic acids (CHEBI:22723) benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746) is conjugate acid of benzoate (CHEBI: ... benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746). 4-(β-D-glucosyloxy)benzoic acid (CHEBI:16741) has functional parent benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746). 4-( ... benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746). p-mercuribenzoic acid (CHEBI:28886) has functional parent benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746). tert-butyl ... benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746). 5-sulfosalicylic acid (CHEBI:68555) has functional parent benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746). N-benzoyl-D- ...
... especially in acid foods such as pickles and sauces. ... benzoic acid* A preservative normally used as the sodium, ... Benzoic Acid Chemical Compounds COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Benzoic Acid. OVERVIEW. Benzoic acid (ben-ZO-ik AS-id) is the ... Benzoic acid. Benzoic acid is a derivative of benzene with the chemical formula C6H5COOH. It consists of a carboxyl group ... Benzoic acid. Benzoic acid is a derivative of benzene with the chemical formula C6 H5 COOH. It consists of a carboxyl group ...
Ali N., Thermodynamic functions of the benzoic acid, phthalic acid and salicylic acid, Indian J. Phys., 1983, B57, 413-419. [ ... acid); Phenylcarboxy; Benzenemethonic acid; Diacylic acid; Flowers of benjamin; Flowers of benzoin; Oracylic acid; Retarder BAX ... Other names: Benzenecarboxylic acid; Benzeneformic acid; Benzenemethanoic acid; Benzoesaeure GK; Benzoesaeure GV; ... Phenylformic acid; Retarder BA; Retardex; Salvo, liquid; Solvo, powder; Tenn-Plas; Acide benzoique; Benzoic acid, tech.; ...
... acid); Phenylcarboxy; Benzenemethonic acid; Diacylic acid; Flowers of benjamin; Flowers of benzoin; Oracylic acid; Retarder BAX ... Other names: Benzenecarboxylic acid; Benzeneformic acid; Benzenemethanoic acid; Benzoesaeure GK; Benzoesaeure GV; ... Phenylformic acid; Retarder BA; Retardex; Salvo, liquid; Solvo, powder; Tenn-Plas; Acide benzoique; Benzoic acid, tech.; ...
Synonym(s): BENZENECARBOXYLIC ACID; BENZENEFORMIC ACID; BENZENEMETHANOIC ACID; BENZOIC ACID,; CARBOXYBENZENE; DRACYCLIC ACID; ... About BENZOIC ACID: Benzoic acid is a naturally occurring and synthetically produced substance; it is used in food and ... PHENYLCARBOXYLIC ACID; PHENYLFORMIC ACID; ACIDE BENZOIQUE (FRENCH) ; ACIDO BENZOICO (ITALIAN) ; BENZENECARBOXYLIC ACID ...
... or synthesized from phthalic acid or toluene: used chiefly as a preservative, in the synthesis of dyes, and in medicine as a ... Benzoic acid definition, a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, C 7 H 6 O 2 , usually derived from benzoin or ... benzoic acid in Medicine Expand. benzoic acid ben·zo·ic acid (běn-zōĭk). n. An aromatic white crystalline acid used to season ... Treated with nitric acid, some hydrocyanic acid is formed, benzoic acid sublimes, and the residual matter is artificial tannin ...
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
Diphenylamine-2-carboxylic acid; Fenamic acid; N-Phenylanthranilic acid; Phenylanthranilic acid; 2-(Phenylamino)benzoic acid; 2 ... N-Phenyl-o-aminobenzoic acid; N-Phenyl-2-aminobenzoic acid; NSC 215211; o-(Phenylamino)benzoic acid ... Other names: Anthranilic acid, N-phenyl-; o-Anilinobenzoic acid; ... Benzoic acid, 2-(phenylamino)-. *Formula: C13H11NO2. *Molecular ...
Benzoic acid, p-hydroxy-; p-Hydroxybenzoic acid; p-Salicylic acid; Paraben-acid; 4-Carboxyphenol; 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid; para- ... Hydroxybenzoic acid; Hydroxybenzoic acid, para; Kyselina 4-hydroxybenzoova; NSC 4961; Paraben *Information on this page: *Notes ...
Retention Behaviour of C1-C12 n-Alkyl Esters of Benzoic, 4-Nitrobenzoic and 3,5-Dinitrobenzoic Acids on SE-30 and OV-351 ... Capillary column studies of C1-C12 n-alkyl esters of benzoic and monochlorobenzoic acids, J. Chromatogr., 1985, 322, 83-96, ... Benzyl, (±)-1-Phenylethyl and 2-Phenylethyl Alcohols and the Corresponding Esters of Benzoic Acid and Its 2-, 3- and 4-Chloro, ... benzoic and phenylacetic acid on DB-1 and DB-5 capillary columns, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 2006, 71, 6, 629-637, https://doi.org/ ...
Other names: Benzoic acid, m-iodo-; m-Iodobenzoic acid; 3-Iodobenzoic acid ...
Benzoic acid, m-amino-; m-Aminobenzoic acid; m-Carboxyaniline; 3-Aminobenzoic acid; 3-Carboxyaniline; Aniline-3-carboxylic acid ...
Other names: Benzoic acid, m-bromo-; m-Bromobenzoic acid; 3-Bromobenzoic acid ...
... -. *Formula: C9H8O3S ... Other names: p-Acetylthiobenzoic acid *Information on this page ...
Other names: Benzoic acid, p-(dodecyloxy)-; p-(Dodecyloxy)benzoic acid; para-Dodecyloxybenzoic acid; 4-n-Dodecyloxybenzoic acid ...
Methyl ester of benzoic acid; Oniobe oil; NSC 9394 * Permanent link for this species. Use this link for bookmarking this ...
Other names: m-Toluic acid; m-Methylbenzoic acid; m-Toluylic acid; 3-Methylbenzoic acid; meta-Toluic acid ...
... a white crystalline acid C6H5COOH found naturally (as in benzoin or in cranberries) or made synthetically and used especially ... Share benzoic acid Post the Definition of benzoic acid to Facebook Share the Definition of benzoic acid on Twitter ... Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about benzoic acid. Comments on benzoic acid What made you want to look up benzoic acid? ... Dictionary Entries near benzoic acid. benzoflavine benzofuran benzohydrol benzoic acid benzoic aldehyde benzoic sulfimide ...
... *Formula: C10H13IO2Si ...
... -. *Formula: C14H11NO3 ... Other names: N-phenylphthalamic acid *Information on this page: ...
... -. *Formula: C9H10O4 ... Other names: 2,6-Dimethoxybenzoic acid *Information on this ...
  • As the sodium salt form, sodium benzoate is used as a treatment for urea cycle disorders due to its ability to bind amino acids. (drugbank.ca)
  • This leads to excretion of these amino acids and a decrease in ammonia levels. (drugbank.ca)
  • Influence of Amino Acids and Related Substances on the Growth Inhibition). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cu(I)-only systems have also been found to promote coupling of alkynyl carboxylic acids with aryl halides (see aryl alkynes below), as well as decarboxylative dehydrogenative cross-coupling of amino acids with alkynes (or similar nucleophiles). (wikipedia.org)
  • Additionally, cinnamon and cloudberries contain high amounts of benzoic acid. (livestrong.com)
  • It also contains small amounts of benzoic acid, potassium metabisulfite and disodium phosphate which are said to be important in the formulation, rendering it more effective by "stabilizing" it. (wikipedia.org)
  • The mechanism starts with the absorption of benzoic acid in to the cell. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The mechanism of food preservation begins with the absorption of benzoic acid into the cell. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is most widely used in acidic foods such as salad dressings (vinegar), carbonated drinks (carbonic acid), jams and fruit juices (citric acid), pickles (vinegar), and condiments. (wikipedia.org)
  • During a systematic study of the lipids from seeds of the plant Araceae, the presence of 13-phenyltridecanoic acid as a major component (5-16% of total fatty acids)was discovered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some others (alkyl-phenyl)-alkanoic acids) are formed when linolenic acid is warmed at 260-270 °C. Several forms with 16, 18 and 20 carbon atoms were identified in archaeological pottery vessels and were presumed to have been generated during heating triunsaturated fatty acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • In an extreme case the carbon atom has a full positive charge (B) forming a tropylium ion ring which is an aromatic 6 electron system (C). Tropolone is acidic (conjugate base shown, E) with a pKa of 7 which is in between that of phenol (10) and benzoic acid (4). (wikipedia.org)
  • As a fresh leaf, rooibos has a high content of ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Rooibos tea does not contain caffeine and has low tannin levels compared to black tea or green tea. (wikipedia.org)
  • It can be hydrolyzed, by a special enzyme, into salicin and benzoic acid . (dictionary.com)
  • This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, specifically those forming carbon-sulfur bonds as acid-thiol ligases. (wikipedia.org)
  • This enzyme participates in benzoic acid degradation via CoA ligation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, the biosynthesis begins with the addition of phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to erythrose-4-phosphate (E4P) with a yet undiscovered enzyme, which is then ammoniated to give 4-amino-3-deoxy-D-arabino heptulosonic acid-7-phosphate (aminoDHAP). (wikipedia.org)
  • The enzyme 4-hydroxybenzoate 3-monooxygenase (NAD(P)H) utilizes 4-hydroxybenzoate, NADH, NADPH, H+ and O2 to produce 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate (protocatechuic acid), NAD+, NADP+ and H2O. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is also known as Adecol, TBF 43, or acetyltriiodothyronine formic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phenylacetic acid has been found to be an active auxin (a type of plant hormone), found predominantly in fruits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Halogenation of phenylacetic acid to phenylacetyl chloride and amidation with urea give the phenacemide product. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stink from the stinkpot turtle (Sternotherus odoratus) contains at least four different foul smelling ω-phenylalkanoic acids, including phenylacetic acid, 3-phenylpropionic acid, 5-phenylpentanoic acid, and 7-phenylheptanoic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • The common name is derived from the turpentine-producing tree Pistacia terebinthus and phthalic acid. (wikipedia.org)