The instinctive tendency (or ability) to assume a normal position of the body in space when it has been displaced.
Imidazole derivative anesthetic and hypnotic with little effect on blood gases, ventilation, or the cardiovascular system. It has been proposed as an induction anesthetic.
A fungistatic compound that is widely used as a food preservative. It is conjugated to GLYCINE in the liver and excreted as hippuric acid.
Chemicals used in agriculture. These include pesticides, fumigants, fertilizers, plant hormones, steroids, antibiotics, mycotoxins, etc.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
The sodium salt of BENZOIC ACID. It is used as an antifungal preservative in pharmaceutical preparations and foods. It may also be used as a test for liver function.
Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.
Rare congenital metabolism disorders of the urea cycle. The disorders are due to mutations that result in complete (neonatal onset) or partial (childhood or adult onset) inactivity of an enzyme, involved in the urea cycle. Neonatal onset results in clinical features that include irritability, vomiting, lethargy, seizures, NEONATAL HYPOTONIA; RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS; HYPERAMMONEMIA; coma, and death. Survivors of the neonatal onset and childhood/adult onset disorders share common risks for ENCEPHALOPATHIES, METABOLIC, INBORN; and RESPIRATORY ALKALOSIS due to HYPERAMMONEMIA.
Salts and esters of hippuric acid.
Elevated level of AMMONIA in the blood. It is a sign of defective CATABOLISM of AMINO ACIDS or ammonia to UREA.
Derivatives of BENZOIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxybenzene structure.
The systematic identification and quantitation of all the metabolic products of a cell, tissue, organ, or organism under varying conditions. The METABOLOME of a cell or organism is a dynamic collection of metabolites which represent its net response to current conditions.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)
A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)
The systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (GENOME) of organisms.
Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.
Enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of carboxylic acid esters with the formation of an alcohol and a carboxylic acid anion.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)

A kinetic study on benzoic acid pungency and sensory attributes of benzoic acid. (1/279)

Aqueous solutions of benzoic acid (BA) were evaluated by two methods: (i) sensory profile: a descriptive test of sensory attributes combined with semiquantitative analysis; and (ii) pungency intensity measures as a function of time: a computerized recording using specific software. Kinetic parameters evaluated were maximal intensity (I(MAX)), total time of pungency (Ttot), rates of increase (V1) and decrease (V2), half-life (T1/2), area under curve (AUC) and time to maximal intensity (T(IMAX)). Results were analyzed by ANOVA, LSD test, iterative calculations and adjustment to equations according to mathematical models, regression analysis, principal component analysis (PCA) and clusters analysis. Pungency was the main sensory attribute of BA (3-36 mM) in the tongue and epiglottis. The seven kinetic parameters showed concentration-dependency (P < 0.001) and were described by different functions: (i) lineal: I(MAX) = 2.24 +/- 0.14C - 3.06 +/- 2.58, R2 = 0.98; T(IMAX) = 0.19 +/- 0.02C + 6.87 +/- 0.47, R2 = 0.92; V1 = 0.68 +/- 0.03C + 0.10 +/- 0.69, R2 = 0.99; AUC = 49.10 +/- 3.17C - 230.78 +/- 59.66, R2 = 0.98; (ii) potency: T1/2 = 6.62 +/- 0.61C(0.39+/-0.03), R2 = 0.97; V2 = 1.07 +/- 0.11C(0.53+/-0.04), R2 = 0.98; Ttot = 8.08 +/- 1.01C(0.43+/-0.04), R2 = 0.96. PCA revealed high correlation between (i) T(IMAX) and Ttot; (ii) T1/2 and V2; and (iii) I(MAX) and V1. Stimuli grouped across three main clusters: (i) 3 and 6 mM; (ii) 9, 12 and 18 mM; and (iii) 24 and 36 mM. Maximal pungency intensity best correlated with both concentration and persistence among kinetic parameters. Prototypical prickling of BA was observed at 12 and 18 mM.  (+info)

Chemicals in laboratory room air stimulate olfactory neurons of female Bombyx mori. (2/279)

Laboratory air contained odorants that elicited electrophysiological responses in female Bombyx mori antennae. Air entrainments on charcoal filters, extracted with CS(2) and subsequently with acetone, were analyzed by coupled gas chromatography (GC)-electroantennogram (EAG) as well as by GC-mass spectrometry. The CS(2) extract contained 12 EAG-active peaks from which benzaldehyde, octanal, limonene, 1,8-cineol, methyl benzoate, nonanal, decanal and geranyl acetone were identified. In the acetone extract we identified eight EAG-active peaks as phenol, nonanal, 2-ethylhexanoic acid, octanoic acid, benzoic acid, nonanoic acid, decanoic acid and dimethyl phthalate. The concentrations of benzoic acid and benzaldehyde present in laboratory air were determined. The origin of the substances and importance of such odorants in laboratory air for the interpretation of physiological experiments on the olfactory system is discussed.  (+info)

Gene cloning and nucleotide sequencing and properties of a cocaine esterase from Rhodococcus sp. strain MB1. (3/279)

A strain of Rhodococcus designated MB1, which was capable of utilizing cocaine as a sole source of carbon and nitrogen for growth, was isolated from rhizosphere soil of the tropane alkaloid-producing plant Erythroxylum coca. A cocaine esterase was found to initiate degradation of cocaine, which was hydrolyzed to ecgonine methyl ester and benzoate; both of these esterolytic products were further metabolized by Rhodococcus sp. strain MB1. The structural gene encoding a cocaine esterase, designated cocE, was cloned from Rhodococcus sp. strain MB1 genomic libraries by screening recombinant strains of Rhodococcus erythropolis CW25 for growth on cocaine. The nucleotide sequence of cocE corresponded to an open reading frame of 1,724 bp that codes for a protein of 574 amino acids. The amino acid sequence of cocaine esterase has a region of similarity with the active serine consensus of X-prolyl dipeptidyl aminopeptidases, suggesting that the cocaine esterase is a serine esterase. The cocE coding sequence was subcloned into the pCFX1 expression plasmid and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant cocaine esterase was purified to apparent homogeneity and was found to be monomeric, with an M(r) of approximately 65,000. The apparent K(m) of the enzyme (mean +/- standard deviation) for cocaine was measured as 1.33 +/- 0.085 mM. These findings are of potential use in the development of a linked assay for the detection of illicit cocaine.  (+info)

A 90-kilobase conjugative chromosomal element coding for biphenyl and salicylate catabolism in Pseudomonas putida KF715. (4/279)

The biphenyl and salicylate metabolic pathways in Pseudomonas putida KF715 are chromosomally encoded. The bph gene cluster coding for the conversion of biphenyl to benzoic acid and the sal gene cluster coding for the salicylate meta-pathway were obtained from the KF715 genomic cosmid libraries. These two gene clusters were separated by 10-kb DNA and were highly prone to deletion when KF715 was grown in nutrient medium. Two types of deletions took place at the region including only the bph genes (ca. 40 kb) or at the region including both the bph and sal genes (ca. 70 kb). A 90-kb DNA region, including both the bph and sal genes (termed the bph-sal element), was transferred by conjugation from KF715 to P. putida AC30. Such transconjugants gained the ability to grow on biphenyl and salicylate as the sole sources of carbon. The bph and sal element was located on the chromosome of the recipient. The bph-sal element in strain AC30 was also highly prone to deletion; however, it could be mobilized to the chromosome of P. putida KT2440 and the two deletion mutants of KF715.  (+info)

Novel scheme for biosynthesis of aryl metabolites from L-phenylalanine in the fungus Bjerkandera adusta. (5/279)

Aryl metabolite biosynthesis was studied in the white rot fungus Bjerkandera adusta cultivated in a liquid medium supplemented with L-phenylalanine. Aromatic compounds were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry following addition of labelled precursors ((14)C- and (13)C-labelled L-phenylalanine), which did not interfere with fungal metabolism. The major aromatic compounds identified were benzyl alcohol, benzaldehyde (bitter almond aroma), and benzoic acid. Hydroxy- and methoxybenzylic compounds (alcohols, aldehydes, and acids) were also found in fungal cultures. Intracellular enzymatic activities (phenylalanine ammonia lyase, aryl-alcohol oxidase, aryl-alcohol dehydrogenase, aryl-aldehyde dehydrogenase, lignin peroxidase) and extracellular enzymatic activities (aryl-alcohol oxidase, lignin peroxidase), as well as aromatic compounds, were detected in B. adusta cultures. Metabolite formation required de novo protein biosynthesis. Our results show that L-phenylalanine was deaminated to trans-cinnamic acid by a phenylalanine ammonia lyase and trans-cinnamic acid was in turn converted to aromatic acids (phenylpyruvic, phenylacetic, mandelic, and benzoylformic acids); benzaldehyde was a metabolic intermediate. These acids were transformed into benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol, and benzoic acid. Our findings support the hypothesis that all of these compounds are intermediates in the biosynthetic pathway from L-phenylalanine to aryl metabolites. Additionally, trans-cinnamic acid can also be transformed via beta-oxidation to benzoic acid. This was confirmed by the presence of acetophenone as a beta-oxidation degradation intermediate. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a beta-oxidation sequence leading to benzoic acid synthesis has been found in a white rot fungus. A novel metabolic scheme for biosynthesis of aryl metabolites from L-phenylalanine is proposed.  (+info)

Developmental regulation of methyl benzoate biosynthesis and emission in snapdragon flowers. (6/279)

In snapdragon flowers, the volatile ester methyl benzoate is the most abundant scent compound. It is synthesized by and emitted from only the upper and lower lobes of petals, where pollinators (bumblebees) come in contact with the flower. Emission of methyl benzoate occurs in a rhythmic manner, with maximum emission during the day, which correlates with pollinator activity. A novel S-adenosyl-l-methionine:benzoic acid carboxyl methyl transferase (BAMT), the final enzyme in the biosynthesis of methyl benzoate, and its corresponding cDNA have been isolated and characterized. The complete amino acid sequence of the BAMT protein has only low levels of sequence similarity to other previously characterized proteins, including plant O-methyl transferases. During the life span of the flower, the levels of methyl benzoate emission, BAMT activity, BAMT gene expression, and the amounts of BAMT protein and benzoic acid are developmentally and differentially regulated. Linear regression analysis revealed that production of methyl benzoate is regulated by the amount of benzoic acid and the amount of BAMT protein, which in turn is regulated at the transcriptional level.  (+info)

Allosteric inhibition of endothelin ETA receptors by 3, 5-dibromosalicylic acid. (7/279)

Derivatives of salicylic acid (SA) and benzoic acid prevent endothelin-1 (ET-1) binding to ETA receptors. This study analyzed actions of 30 derivatives of benzoic acid and salicylic acid on (125)I-ET-1 binding to recombinant rat ETA receptors. The most active compounds were 3,5-dibromosalicylic acid (Br2SA, K(i) = 0.5 mM) and 3,5-diiodosalicylic acid (K(i) = 0.3 mM). They were about 50 times more potent than SA and aspirin. Br2SA inhibited equilibrium (125)I-ET-1 binding in an apparently competitive manner. It accelerated 8-fold the dissociation of (125)I-ET-1 receptor complexes and did not modify the second order rate constant of association of (125)I-ET-1 to its receptors. Br2SA also decreased the affinity of ETA receptors for receptor antagonists BQ-123 and bosentan. Br2SA accelerated dissociation of (125)I-ET-1-solubilized ETA receptor complexes and decreased the apparent molecular size of solubilized receptors. Br2SA and 3,5-diiodosalicylic acid inhibited two cellular actions of ET-1: the mobilization of intracellular Ca(2+) stores in isolated cells and contractions of rat aortic rings. They accelerated the relaxing action of BQ-123 and bosentan in ET-1-treated aortic rings. The results suggest the existence of an allosteric modifier site on ETA receptors that recognizes selected derivatives of SA. SA derivatives might be of therapeutic interest to relieve tight ET-1 binding and to favor actions of receptor antagonists.  (+info)

Genetic manipulation of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase and fructose 2,6-bisphosphate levels affects the extent to which benzoic acid inhibits the growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. (8/279)

The mechanisms by which the weak acid preservative benzoic acid inhibits the growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been investigated. A reduction in the pyruvate kinase level, which decreases glycolytic flux, did not increase the sensitivity of yeast to benzoic acid. However, a decrease in 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (PF1K), which does not affect glycolytic flux, did increase sensitivity to benzoic acid. Also, resistance was increased by elevating PF1K levels. Hence, resistance to benzoic acid was not dependent upon optimum glycolytic flux, but upon an adequate PF1K activity. Benzoic acid was shown to depress fructose 2,6-bisphosphate levels in YKC14, a mutant with low PF1K levels. This effect was partially suppressed by overexpressing constitutively active 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase (Pfk26(Asp644)) or by inactivating fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (in a Deltafbp26 mutant). The inactivation of PF2K (in a Deltapfk26 Deltapfk27 mutant) increased benzoic acid sensitivity. Therefore, the antimicrobial effects of benzoic acid can be relieved, at least in part, by the genetic manipulation of PF1K or fructose 2,6-bisphosphate levels.  (+info)

Benzoic acid and its salts are used as a food preservatives, represented by the E numbers E210, E211, E212, and E213. Benzoic acid inhibits the growth of mold, yeast[24] and some bacteria. It is either added directly or created from reactions with its sodium, potassium, or calcium salt. The mechanism starts with the absorption of benzoic acid into the cell. If the intracellular pH changes to 5 or lower, the anaerobic fermentation of glucose through phosphofructokinase is decreased by 95%. The efficacy of benzoic acid and benzoate is thus dependent on the pH of the food.[25] Acidic food and beverage like fruit juice (citric acid), sparkling drinks (carbon dioxide), soft drinks (phosphoric acid), pickles (vinegar) or other acidified food are preserved with benzoic acid and benzoates.. Typical levels of use for benzoic acid as a preservative in food are between 0.05-0.1%. Foods in which benzoic acid may be used and maximum levels for its application are controlled by local food ...
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Metabolism Information for Isodecyl Benzoate Isodecyl Benzoate (IDB) is an alkyl benzyl ester, also referred to as a carboxylic ester (R-C(O)-OR) produced by reaction with benzoic acid and isodecyl (C10) alcohol. An important feature is that such esters are poorly soluble in water. Esters are reactive with water and can hydrolyze under either acidic or basic conditions. The expected hydrolysis of IDB would be a reverse of the esterification process (generally catalyzed with esterase) and would produce benzoic acid and primary C10 alcohol. Benzoic acid can be further metabolised to hippuric acid and benzoyl glucuronide and excreted in the urine. Some benzoic acid may also be excreted in the urine. The primary C10 alcoholcan be further metabolised by mitochondrial beta-oxidation or by cytochrome P450 mediated omega and omega-minus-one oxidation (may be followed by beta-oxidation). The C10 alcohol can undergo various oxidative steps to yield other smaller alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, or ...
Metabolism Information for Isodecyl Benzoate Isodecyl Benzoate (IDB) is an alkyl benzyl ester, also referred to as a carboxylic ester (R-C(O)-OR) produced by reaction with benzoic acid and isodecyl (C10) alcohol. An important feature is that such esters are poorly soluble in water. Esters are reactive with water and can hydrolyze under either acidic or basic conditions. The expected hydrolysis of IDB would be a reverse of the esterification process (generally catalyzed with esterase) and would produce benzoic acid and primary C10 alcohol. Benzoic acid can be further metabolised to hippuric acid and benzoyl glucuronide and excreted in the urine. Some benzoic acid may also be excreted in the urine. The primary C10 alcoholcan be further metabolised by mitochondrial beta-oxidation or by cytochrome P450 mediated omega and omega-minus-one oxidation (may be followed by beta-oxidation). The C10 alcohol can undergo various oxidative steps to yield other smaller alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, or ...
In the present study, FCR was improved by benzoic acid supplementation in the starter and finisher period. Better feed conversion of broiler chickens in the early stage of growth might be associated with the bacteriostatic effect of benzoic acid and less competition for nutrients between host and native microbiota. It has been shown that benzoic acid has antimicrobial properties, mainly because of its inhibitory effect on several microbial enzymes, in particular, a-ketoglutaric acid dehydrogenase and succinic acid dehydrogenase (Bosund, 1962). Knarreborg et al. (2002) demonstrated, in the batch culture conditions, that the benzoic acid and, to a lesser extent, fumaric acid exerted strong lethal properties towards lactic acid bacteria. The above authors suggested pH-dependent effects on coliform bacteria and lactic acid bacteria in stomach content and on coliform bacteria in content from the small intestine. The pH values used in the batch culture system by (Knarreborg et al., 2002) were supposed ...
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A theoretical study supported by some experimental tests has been carried out with the aim of comparing one-dimensional (1-D) biofilm reactor models that use simplified (zero- and first-order) and Monod kinetics. Two different situations have been compared: one rate-limiting substrate with or without liquid film diffusion. The results obtained show that the use of a simplified kinetic approach compared to the Monod kinetic approach determines (1) an unjustified overestimate of the removal rate, especially for thin biofilms, and (2) an excessive overestimate of the liquid film layer thickness necessary to justify high kinetic orders. Even if recent research projects show that biofilm structure is more complicated than the one assumed in the modelling approach used in this study, nevertheless 1-D models still now continue to be the only ones that can reasonably support process engineers in biofilm reactor design, due to their intrinsic simplicity and the need for small sets of input data and ...
4-[[(1S)-1-carboxyethyl]-[(2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxycarbonyl]amino]benzoic acid 167496-24-4 route of synthesis, 4-[[(1S)-1-carboxyethyl]-[(2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxycarbonyl]amino]benzoic acid chemical synthesis methods, 4-[[(1S)-1-carboxyethyl]-[(2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxycarbonyl]amino]benzoic acid synthetic routes ect.
4-FLUORO-2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)BENZOIC ACID 141179-72-8 NMR spectrum, 4-FLUORO-2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)BENZOIC ACID H-NMR spectral analysis, 4-FLUORO-2-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL)BENZOIC ACID C-NMR spectral analysis ect.
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An examination of how the Modern deportation and detention system fosters resistance and non-cooperation by failing to establish moral credibility in its attemp
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Three-dimensional copper(II) carboxylates based on 4,4 ,4 -benzene-1,3,5-triyltris(benzoic acid). AU - Zavakhina, M. S.. AU - Samsonenko, D. G.. AU - Dybtsev, D. N.. AU - Fedin, V. P.. PY - 2018/1. Y1 - 2018/1. N2 - The homochiral coordination polymers [Cu-4(CH3OH)(H2O)(4)(Hbtb)(S-mal)(2)]center dot 4H(2)O and [Cu-4(CH3OH)(H2O)(4)(Hbtb)(R-mal)(2)]center dot 4H(2)O were synthesized by heating S- or R-malic acid (H(3)mal), 4,4,4 -benzene-1,3,5-triyltris(benzoic acid) (H(3)btb), and copper(II) acetate in an aqueous methanolic solution. The reaction with copper(II) nitrate in aqueous dioxane afforded the coordination framework [Cu-6(C4H8O2)(3)(H2O)(3)(btb)(4)]center dot 4C(4)H(8)O(2)center dot 10H(2)O, which does not contain chiral ligands. The compositions and crystal structures of the new compounds were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric and elemental analysis.. AB - The homochiral ...
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A 1.20g sample of benzoic acid is burned in excess of )2 in a bomb calorimeter immersed in 1300 g of water. The temperature of the water rises from 25 to 30.2 degrees C. The heat of combustion of benzoic acid is -26.4 kJ/g. The heat capacity of water is 4.18. What is the heat capacity of the bomb calorimeter (in J/C)? ...
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Under some conditions, a first-order kinetic model is a poor representation of biodegradation in contaminated aquifers. Although it is well known that the assumption of first-order kinetics is valid only when substrate concentration, S, is much less than the half-saturation constant, K(s), this assumption is often made without verification of this condition. We present a formal error analysis showing that the relative error in the first-order approximation is S/K(S) and in the zero-order approximation the error is K(s)/S. We then examine the problems that arise when the first-order approximation is used outside the range for which it is valid. A series of numerical simulations comparing results of first- and zero-order rate approximations to Monod kinetics for a real data set illustrates that if concentrations observed in the field are higher than K(s), it may better to model degradation using a zero-order rate expression. Compared with Monod kinetics, extrapolation of a...
Benzoic Acid is widely used as a preservative in the form of colorless solution. This product has a bitter, salty or sour flavor to most people. Soft dr...
(i) How will you convert phenol to benzoic acid? ii) An organic compound A having molecular formula gives a characteristic colour with aqueous solution. A on treatment with NaOH at 400 K under pressure gives B which on …
Benzoic acid, 5-methoxy-2-[[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]oxy]-, methyl ester | C10H9F3O6S | CID 71361001 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
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4-(3-(5-chloro-2-(2-(((2,6-dimethylbenzyl)sulfonyl)amino)ethyl)-1-(diphenylmethyl)-1H-indol-3-yl)propyl)benzoic acid: structure in first source
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This page contains information on the chemical Benzoic acid, 3-amino-2,4,6-triiodo-, sodium salt including: 5 synonyms/identifiers.
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2,3-dimethoxy-6-[(E)-(phenylimino)methyl]benzoic acid - chemical structural formula, chemical names, chemical properties, synthesis references
Cambridge Isotope Laboratories offers 5-HYDROXYDICAMBA (2-METHOXY-3,6-DICHLORO-5-HYDROXY BENZOIC ACID) (RING-13C6,99%) 100UG/ML IN METHANOL for all your research needs. View pricing, availability and product specifications.
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Analytical Profile of 4 - (4-Nitro Benzene Azo) - 3 - Amino Benzoic Acid on a Surface of Natural Granulated Calcined Iraqi Montmorillonite Clay Mineral, via Columnar Method.
Sodium benzoate definition, a white, crystalline or granular, water-soluble powder, C7H5NaO2, used chiefly as a food preservative and antifungal agent, and in diagnostic tests of liver function. See more.
ABSTRACT. The present work attempts to solve pollution problems in watery surroundings by aromatic compounds such as the phenol and the benzoic acid. Several ways of elimination of these compounds were the object of different research among which is the use of bacteria. In this framework, Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterium is used to eliminate phenol and the benzoic acid. This made it possible to isolate the Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterium directly on the nourishing environment containing phenol and benzoic acid as source of energy then the bacteria is incubated at 37˚C during a minimal duration of four days. Furthermore, we studied the influence of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterium on the deterioration of an area exposed to a phenol and the benzoic acid concentration. Results obtained at the time of the different experimentations clearly show that phenol and the benzoic acid were eliminated by the Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterium. However, it was noted that during the various investigations ...
The pH of saturated benzoic acid (C6H5COOH) at 25 degrees Celsius is 2.8. Benzoic acid is the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid, consisting of a benzene ring bonded to carboxylic acid.Source:Benzoic Acid MSDSNIST: Benzoic AcidIPCS: Benzoic Acid
Summary: Aim of the study is to investigate the structure of condylar cartilage of mandible in rats after 60-day of sodium ben-zoate intake and ionizing radiation exposure both separately and simultaneously and fnd possibility of correction of the alterations found with sea-buckthorn oil. Material and Methods. The study involved 240 white rats distributed into 8 groups. Animals received intragastric sodium benzoate in dosage of 1500 mg / kg of body weight and were exposed to ionizing radiation (total 4 Gr. in 4 sessions). Sea-buckthorn oil was used as the correction drug (300 mg / kg of body weight). Morphometry of the condylar cartilage included zones morphometry and relations of volume components. Results. Application of sodium benzoate resulted in the narrowing of proliferation and subchondral osteogenic zones and the decrease of amount of primary spongiosa and osteoblasts; in readaptation period the structure of the cartilage was gradually restored. Ionizing radiation led to similar ...
What is sodium benzoate and is it safe? Since sodium benzoate contains a natural ingredient, it is probably safe, right? Read more here:
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The levels of preservatives are regulated in processed food - not that its a good idea to eat them. Sodium benzoate, for example, is included at ~0.1% in foods that contain it - hence, a liter of soup contains a milliliter (1 cc) of sodium benzoate. While no sane person would knowingly eat a teaspoon of a benzoic acid derivative, since it kills microbes theyve allowed it in food.. If most of your food has preservatives in it (i.e. if it is typical processed food or soft drinks, engineered for long shelf life), then you could be ingesting say, 50 grams of chemical preservatives a month. The food industry says it is safe based on ancient studies done in the 1950s, but thats not so very clear. In the end, compounds like benzoic acid (benzene + CO2 -> benzoic acid) have to be eliminated by the liver, and too much leads to toxic effects, like damage to ...
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Vorrätiges Filmmaterial Benzoic Acid used as a food preservative in butchers pet meat poisonous only to cats - meat is in open-pack mincemeat-type slabsGuid: ANB7820XStory Number: 013/72/07
Dr. Clarks response - Sodium benzoate works by pulling ammonia out of the body. Ammonia is converted to urea for excretion in the urine by going through the urea cycle. The urea cycle starts when ammonia is converted to carbamyl phosphate. Carbamyl phosphate commits the body to making urea. The VERY next reaction consumes ornithine. So when sodium benzoate is given to the GAMT patients the thinking is it is sparing the loss of ornithine by the urea cycle. If ornithine is not consumed by the urea cycle maybe it can stay around to inhibit AGAT. That is the theory. Sodium Benzoate has a long history for treating patients with urea cycle deficits and is generally considered to be safe. It is actually found in some foods as a preservative. Based on its safety and the importance of sparing ornithine I do think the sodium benzoate is a good option for GAMT patients. I think some physicians may be hesitant to use it in GAMT patients because usually sodium benzoate is indicated to decrease ammonia, and ...
HABA matrix 1 gram $235.00. 2-(4-Hydroxybenzeneazo)benzoic acid (HABA) can be used as a MALDI mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) matrix and has a strong absorbance at 337 nm. HABA is recommended for use to analyze oligosacharides or intact proteins. - HABA, 2-(4-Hydroxybenzeneazo)benzoic acid, is an effective MALDI mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) matrix and has a strong absorbance at 337 nm. -
HABA Matrix 25 mg $22.00. Pre-Weighed Ultrapure MALDI Matrix Tubes. 2-(4-Hydroxybenzeneazo)benzoic acid (HABA) can be used as a MALDI mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) - HABA, 2-(4-Hydroxybenzeneazo)benzoic acid, is an effective MALDI mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) matrix and has a strong absorbance at 337 nm. -
The report generally describes 3-(piperazin-1-yl)benzoic acid, examines its uses, production methods, patents. 3-(Piperazin-1-yl)benzoic acid market
As a followup to the earlier Bateman (2004) study, the authors retested a 153 toddlers as well as 144 elementary school (8/9 years old) children from the general population. They were briefly put on a dye-free diet and then tested with a modest amount (20 mg and 30 mg) of food dyes mixed with the sodium benzoate preservative.. AUTHORS CONCLUSION: Artificial colours or a sodium benzoate preservative (or both) in the diet result in increased hyperactivity in 3-year-old and 8/9-year-old children in the general population.. NOTE: These children were not hyperactive, nor were they screened for sensitivity to the dyes or any other additives. Nevertheless, they showed more hyperactive-type behaviors when consuming the combination of food dyes and the preservative.. NOTE: I have always wondered why this study uses sodium benzoate rather than the BHT, BHA, and TBHQ that saturates so much of American food. The Feingold diet doesnt eliminate sodium benzoate and most (but not all) members tolerate it. ...
Sodium Benzoate is a chemical additive used to preserve foods. This product appears as a white granular or crystalline powder with a slight odor of benz...
Learn about the potential side effects of caffeine/sodium benzoate. Includes common and rare side effects information for consumers and healthcare professionals.
Wego Chemical Group is an industrial distributor and supplier of Sodium Benzoate, providing supply chain, logistics and warehousing solutions across the world.
Wego Chemical Group is an industrial distributor and supplier of Sodium Benzoate, providing supply chain, logistics and warehousing solutions across the world.
Find suppliers and manufacturers of Inhibitors, Mold, Sodium Benzoate in the Snack and wholesale bakery industry, which includes food processing and packaging equipment as well as products and services.
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foods containing benzoic acid or sodium benzoate can help to stop you from getting TB. Oranges and orange juice, cinnamon, tomatoes, some berries, and other stuff has benzoic acid. It wont help you much if you got it full blown, but will deter you getting it. The meds to treated TB with utilized benzene chemistry to kill the virus. It was the first real successful way of social engineering the public to consume foods of a certain chemistry to get rid of a disease plagueing the people. Tomatoes and oranges became good food for people and they started using sodium benzoate as a preservative more...it is even in root beer and cream soda ...
Neuraminidase (NA), a surface glycoprotein of influenza virus, is a potential target for design of antiinfluenza agents. The crystal structure of influenza virus neuraminidase showed that in the active site 11 residues are universally conserved among all strains known so far. Several potent inhibitors based on the carbohydrate compound 2-deoxy-2,3-didehydro-D-N-acetylneuraminic acid (DANA) have been shown to bind to the conserved active site and to reduce virus infection in animals when administered by nasal spray. Inhibitors of this type are, however, rapidly excreted from physiological systems and may not be effective in order to provide long-time protection. A new class of specific NA inhibitors, which are benzoic acid derivatives, has been designed on the basis of the three-dimensional structure of the NA-DANA complex and modeling of derivatives of 4-(acetylamino)benzoic acid in the NA active site. Intermediates were synthesized and were shown to moderately inhibit the NA activity and to ...
The use of protected benzoic acid feed in piglets in a zinc oxide (ZnO) replacement trial involving four mid-sized commercial farms in Spain resulted in a reduction in medication costs and improvement in performance, said Novus International, Inc. Piglets fed diets containing the protected organic acid product showed higher average daily gain (ADG) and lower feed conversion ratio (FCR) in all the farms compared with the piglets on the control diet; there were no differences in feed intake in the experimental and control groups, said the company ...
(a) How are the following conversions carried out ?(i) Benzoic acid to Benzene(ii) Ethanoyl Chloride to Acetone(iii) Acetophenone to Ethyl Benzene(b) Give chemical t
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Bero, MA, Gilboy, WB, Glover, PM and Keddie, JL (1999) Three-dimensional radiation dose measurements with ferrous benzoic acid xylenol orange in gelatin gel and optical absorption tomography ...
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23966-71-4 - XUWZZJXBIFVOSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N - Benzoic acid, 2-butoxy-3-methoxy-, 2-(isopropylamino)ethyl ester, hydrochloride - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information.
Substituted benzoic acids". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 11 (5): 1020-2. doi:10.1021/jm00311a023. PMID 5697062. Villegas- ... Myotonia can be achieved in preparations of intact isolated muscle by the administration of 9-Anthracenecarboxylic acid, a ... Navarro, A; Martinez-Morales, M; Morales-Aguilera, A (1986). "Pharmacokinetics of anthracene-9-carboxylic acid, a potent ...
Maki, Takao; Takeda, Kazuo (June 2000). "Benzoic Acid and Derivatives". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. doi: ...
It reacts with water to produce hydrochloric acid and benzoic acid: C6H5COCl + H2O → C6H5CO2H + HCl Benzoyl chloride is a ... Benzoyl chloride is produced from benzotrichloride using either water or benzoic acid: C6H5CCl3 + H2O → C6H5COCl + 2 HCl ... "Benzoic Acid and Derivatives". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a03_ ... C6H5CCl3 + C6H5CO2H → 2 C6H5COCl + HCl As with other acyl chlorides, it can be generated from the parent acid and standard ...
"Benzoic Acid and Derivatives". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a03_ ... Blackburn, G. Michael (2006). Nucleic Acids in Chemistry and Biology. Royal Society of Chemistry. p. 145. ISBN 9780854046546.. ...
Benzoyl chloride is produced from benzotrichloride using either water or benzoic acid: C6H5CCl3 + H2O → C6H5COCl + 2 HCl ... carboxylic acids to form an organic acid anhydrides. In the above reactions, HX (hydrogen halide or hydrohalic acid) is also ... If the acid is a carboxylic acid, the compound contains a -COX functional group, which consists of a carbonyl group singly ... Maki, Takao; Takeda, Kazuo (2000). "Benzoic Acid and Derivatives". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: ...
Maki, Takao; Takeda, Kazuo (2000). "Benzoic Acid and Derivatives". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. doi:10.1002/ ... The isocyanate adds water in a nucleophilic addition step to yield a carbamic acid (aka urethane). The carbamic acid ... In the preparation of anthranilic acid from phthalimide Nicotinic acid is converted into 3-Aminopyridine The symmetrical ... The formation of an intermediate nitrene is not possible because it implies also the formation of a hydroxamic acid as a ...
... is formed by the condensation of methanol and benzoic acid, in presence of a strong acid. Methyl benzoate ... "Benzoic Acid and Derivatives". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a03_ ... Electrophiles attack the ring, illustrated by acid-catalysed nitration with nitric acid to give methyl 3-nitrobenzoate. ...
The conjugates of benzoic acid (hippuric acid and the glucuronide of benzoic acid) are rapidly eliminated in urine. When given ... It is rapidly hydrolyzed to benzoic acid and benzyl alcohol. Benzyl alcohol is subsequently metabolized to benzoic acid. ... It is the ester of benzyl alcohol and benzoic acid. It forms either a viscous liquid or solid flakes and has a weak, sweet- ... It is a byproduct of benzoic acid synthesis by toluene oxidation. It can also be synthesized by the Tishchenko reaction, using ...
Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... fatty acid thiokinase (medium chain), acyl-activating enzyme, fatty acid elongate, fatty acid activating enzyme, fatty acyl ... Mahler HR, Wakil SJ, Bock RM (1953). "Studies on fatty acid oxidation. I. Enzymatic activation of fatty acids". J. Biol. Chem. ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ...
Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ... benzoyl-CoA is then conjugated to glycine by GLYAT to form hippuric acid, releasing CoASH. In addition to the factors listed in ...
... benzoic acid, hippuric acid, norephedrine, and phenylacetone. Among these metabolites, the active sympathomimetics are 4- ... Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ... Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE (2009). "Chapter 5: Excitatory and Inhibitory Amino Acids". In Sydor A, Brown RY (eds.). ...
... benzoic acid, hippuric acid, norephedrine, and phenylacetone. Among these metabolites, the active sympathomimetics are 4- ... Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ... In principle, INNs are selected only for the active part of the molecule which is usually the base, acid or alcohol. In some ...
Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ... The illicit synthesis of phenyl-2-propanone (P2P) in clandestine drug laboratories from phenylacetic acid and acetic anhydride ... One method of creating phenylacetone is via: phenylacetic acid (C8H8O2) + acetic anhydride (C4H6O3) + pyridine catalyst → ...
Stachel A, Kutzsche A, Zerweck W (1957). Nu-nu-dibenzylsulfamyl benzoic acid. US Patent US 2805250 A. Beyerle R, Nitz RE, Resag ... Together with Werner Zerweck they developed Nu-nu-dibenzylsulfamyl benzoic acid, US patent 2805250 A, in the early 1950s. Other ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Nu-nu-dibenzylsulfamyl benzoic acid".. ...
L. F. Fieser (1925). "p-Toluyl-o-Benzoic Acid". Organic Syntheses. 4: 73. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.004.0073. L. F. Fieser (1925). "β ... Oxidation of the methyl group gives anthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid. Kingsford-Adaboh, R.; Kashino, S. (1995). "Disordered ...
Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ... A common example is the processing of glutathione conjugates to acetylcysteine (mercapturic acid) conjugates. Here, the γ- ... Boyland E, Chasseaud LF (1969). "The role of glutathione and glutathione S-transferases in mercapturic acid biosynthesis". Adv ...
... benzoic acid, hippuric acid, norephedrine, and phenylacetone. Among these metabolites, the active sympathomimetics are 4- ... Figure 1. Glycine conjugation of benzoic acid. The glycine conjugation pathway consists of two steps. First benzoate is ligated ... This reaction is catalyzed by the HXM-A and HXM-B medium-chain acid:CoA ligases and requires energy in the form of ATP. ... The ... The attachment of the amino acid lysine slows down the relative amount of dextroamphetamine available to the blood stream. ...
... where it exists as benzoic acid. Acidic foods and beverages such as fruit juice (citric acid), sparkling drinks (carbonic acid ... The mechanism of food preservation begins with the absorption of benzoic acid into the cell. If the intracellular pH changes to ... Potassium benzoate (E212), the potassium salt of benzoic acid, is a food preservative that inhibits the growth of mold, yeast ... One very common way to make potassium benzoate is by oxidizing toluene to benzoic acid followed by a neutralization with ...
"Protodecarboxylation of benzoic acids under radical conditions". Chemical Communications. 48 (66): 8270-8272. doi:10.1039/ ... Phenyl acetate is the ester of phenol and acetic acid. It can be produced by reacting phenol (Which can be produced by ...
In the United States the formula for Paregoric, U.S.P. is tincture of opium 40 ml, anise oil 4 ml, benzoic acid 4 g, camphor 4 ... The 1926 formula is 4 g each of powdered opium, benzoic acid, and camphor; and 5 of oil of anise, prepared as a tincture by " ... For example, in the United Kingdom the formula for Paregoric, B.P. is tincture of opium 5 ml, benzoic acid 500 mg, camphor 300 ... Describes its preparation as follows: "Dissolve the benzoic acid, camphor and oil of anise in the alcohol, add the glycerin and ...
... can be oxidized to benzoic acid; in fact "[B]enzaldehyde readily undergoes autoxidation to form benzoic acid on ... Since the boiling point of benzoic acid is much higher than that of benzaldehyde, it may be purified by distillation. Benzyl ... The synthesis of mandelic acid starts with the addition of hydrocyanic acid to benzaldehyde: The resulting cyanohydrin is ... one molecule of the aldehyde is reduced to the benzyl alcohol and another molecule is simultaneously oxidized to benzoic acid. ...
An example of electrophilic aromatic substitution is the nitration of salicylic acid:[7] ...
Ethanoic acid. Straight-chain fatty acid. 2. 8. Short Estradiol benzoate. Non-polymer. C3. Benzoic acid. Aromatic fatty acid. ... Aromatic fatty acid. - (~6). 4. Moderate Estradiol enantate. Non-polymer. C17β. Heptanoic acid. Straight-chain fatty acid. 7. 3 ... Straight-chain fatty acid. 3 (×2). 6. Short Estradiol valerate. Non-polymer. C17β. Pentanoic acid. Straight-chain fatty acid. 5 ... Undecanoic acid. Straight-chain fatty acid. 11. 2. Long Polyestradiol phosphate. Polymer. C3-C17β. Phosphoric acid. ...
Benzoic acid Solid C7H6O2 −385.2 Carbon tetrachloride Liquid CCl4 −135.4 ...
"Kinetic study of the electroreduction of benzoic acid". Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan. 68 (1): 378-84. doi:10.1246/ ... such as oxidations of toluene and benzaldehyde and the reduction of benzoic acid. "Phenylmethanediol , C7H8O2". ChemSpider. ...
The co-catalysts are benzoic acid and triethylamine. Molecular sieves (MS) prevent hydrolysis. Trost, B. M.; Tang, W.; Toste, F ... "Hard" nucleophiles typically have conjugate acids with pKas greater than 25, while "soft" nucleophiles typically have conjugate ... have been shown to act as soft nucleophiles with the addition of Lewis acids that help to facilitate deprotonation. The ... nucleophiles using a paradigm for describing nucleophiles that largely rests on the pKas of their conjugate acids. " ...
"The Bacteriostatic Action of Benzoic and Salicylic Acids". Physiologia Plantarum (VI. Influence of Amino Acids and Related ... Salicylic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) almost identical to aspirin. In fact, aspirin's mechanism of ... Salicylic acid works as a keratolytic, comedolytic, and bacteriostatic agent, causing the cells of the epidermis to shed more ... Madan, RK; Levitt, J (April 2014). "A review of toxicity from topical salicylic acid preparations". J Am Acad Dermatol. 70 (4 ...
Park, E.-S.; Moon, W.-S. (2001). "Antimicrobial activity of phenol and benzoic acid derivatives". Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad. ... In addition, N‐carboxyanhydride-based polymers with the hydrophilic amino acid lysine and different hydrophobic amino acids ... When benzaldehyde, a hydroxyl group containing organic acid, is used as a side group with Methyl methacrylate polymers, growth ... Pendant groups that are attached to the polymer backbone include quaternary ammonium, hydroxyl groups with an organic acid, and ...
adipic acid - a 6-carbon dicarboxylic acid, which can be a precursor used as a co-monomer together with a diamine to form an ... Purified terephthalic acid (PTA). Styrene monomer (SM). Thermosetting Resin (Urea/Melamine). Vinyl acetate monomer (VAM). Vinyl ... Acetic acid. Acrylonitrile (AN). Ammonia. Bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (dioctyl phthalate). n-Butene. Cyclohexane. Dimethyl ... "Surface chemistry of phase-pure M1 MoVTeNb oxide during operation in selective oxidation of propane to acrylic acid". J. Catal ...
... benzoic acid, and in beverages (pH 3.2) containing either 0.06% (w/v) sorbic acid, 0.07% (w/v) benzoic acid, or 2% (w/v) acetic ... benzoic and propionic acid is strongly correlated, as the cells which were adapted to benzoic acid also showed enhanced ... It has been observed that the cellular acetic acid uptake was inhibited when sorbic or benzoic acid was incorporated into the ... In some types of food, the yeast is even able to grow in the presence of benzoic and sorbic acids at concentrations higher than ...
... acnes by oxidizing its proteins through the formation of oxygen free radicals and benzoic acid. These free radicals likely ... Salicylic acid[edit]. Salicylic acid is a topically applied beta-hydroxy acid that stops bacteria from reproducing and has ... "Topical azelaic acid, salicylic acid, nicotinamide, sulphur, zinc and fruit acid (alpha-hydroxy acid) for acne". Cochrane ... lactic acid, salicylic acid, Jessner's solution, or a lower concentration (20%) of trichloroacetic acid. These peels only ...
A second method to prepare fluorescein uses methanesulfonic acid as a Brønsted acid catalyst. This route has a high yield under ... The extent to which fluorescein dilaurate is broken down to yield lauric acid can be detected as a measure of pancreatic ... Benzoic acids. *Fluorone dyes. *Laser gain media. *Maritime signalling. *Phenols. *Staining dyes ...
Oxidation of methylbenzenes to benzoic acids.[10]. *Oxidative scission of indene to homophthalic acid.[11] ... Molecular chromic acid, H2CrO4, has much in common with sulfuric acid, H2SO4. Both are classified as strong acids, though only ... Because a solution of chromic acid in sulfuric acid (also known as a sulfochromic mixture or chromosulfuric acid) is a powerful ... Dichromic acidEdit. Dichromic acid, H2Cr2O7, (structure illustrated top right) is the fully protonated form of the dichromate ...
... fatty acids (including essential fatty acids), fatty-acid derived phospholipids, sphingolipids, glycolipids and terpenoids, ... Food and Nutrition Board of Institute of Medicine (2005) Dietary Reference Intakes for Protein and Amino Acids, page 685, from ... Such artificial flavours include methyl salicylate which creates the wintergreen odor and lactic acid which gives milk a tart ... Earlier work included that by Carl Wilhelm Scheele who isolated malic acid from apples in 1785. ...
2-Acetamidobenzoic acid; 2-Carboxyacetanilide; o-Acetoaminobenozic acid; Acetylanthranilic acid; 2-(Acetylamino)benzoic acid ... N-Acetylanthranilic acid is an organic compound with the molecular formula C9H9NO3. It is an intermediate product in catabolism ... N-Acetylanthranilic acid can be synthesized from 2-bromoacetanilide via palladium-catalyzed carbonylation in tri-n-butylamine- ... N-Acetylanthranilic acid exhibits triboluminescence when crushed.[4] The fractured crystals have large electrical potentials ...
... substrate for detection of benzoic acid". Journal of Raman Spectroscopy. 34 (5): 394-398. Bibcode:2003JRSp...34..394B. doi: ...
Benzoic acid]]}} {{Annotation,560,350,[[Hippuric acid]]}} {{Annotation,45,220,{{if pagename ,Amphetamine=Amphetamine ,other=[[ ...
From two reviews, maternal intake of omega-3, long-chain fatty acids during pregnancy appeared to reduce the risks of medically ... 2018). "Association of breast milk fatty acids with allergic disease outcomes-A systematic review". Allergy. 73 (2): 295-312. ... Other formulas, based on free amino acids, are the least antigenic and provide complete nutritional support in severe forms of ... These include: Is the donor species known to be allergenic? Does the amino acid sequence of the transferred proteins resemble ...
Benzoic acid - koruyucu. *Benzoyl peroxide - un düzenleyici ajan. *Berebere -. *Bergamot - in Earl Grey tea ... Diacetyltartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids - emülgatör. *Dicalcium diphosphate - topaklanmayı ... Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids - emulsifier ... Blackcurrant seed oil - used as a food supplement, because of high content of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. Also used in ...
Gay-Lussac was able to prepare the very toxic and volatile pure acid.[6] Around 1832 benzonitrile, the nitrile of benzoic acid ... NH2 and then carboxylic acids RCOOH. The hydrolysis of nitriles to carboxylic acids is efficient. In acid or base, the balanced ... α-Amino acids form nitriles and carbon dioxide via various means of oxidative decarboxylation.[22][23] Henry Drysdale Dakin ... Amino Acids into Nitriles by Oxidative Decarboxylation with Trichloroisocyanuric Acid". Synthetic Communications. 34 (19): 3449 ...
The non-flavonoids include the stilbenoids such as resveratrol and phenolic acids such as benzoic, caffeic and cinnamic acids. ... The four most abundant ones are the tartaric acid esters trans-caftaric, cis- and trans-coutaric, and trans-fertaric acids. In ... Hydroxycinnammic acids[edit]. Hydroxycinnamic acids are the most important group of nonflavonoid phenols in wine. ... As the wine ages, anthocyanins will react with other acids and compounds in wines such as tannins, pyruvic acid and ...
Benzoic acid. *Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). *Sodium benzoate. Sugar substitutes. *Acesulfame potassium. *Aspartame ...
... is metabolized in the plasma by the enzyme pseudocholinesterase through hydrolysis into para-amino benzoic acid (PABA), which ... The first consists of the direct reaction of the 4-aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester with 2-diethylaminoethanol in the presence of ... The second is by oxidizing 4-nitrotoluene to 4-nitrobenzoic acid, which is further reacted with thionyl chloride, the resulting ... acid chloride is then esterified with 2-diethylaminoethanol to give Nitrocaine. Finally, the nitro group is reduced by ...
... including mefenamic acid, tolfenamic acid, flufenamic acid, and meclofenamic acid. These drugs are commonly referred to as " ... "anthranilic acid derivatives" or "fenamates" because fenamic acid is a derivative of anthranilic acid.[2]:235[3]:17[2] ... Fenamic acid is an organic compound, which, especially in its ester form, is called fenamate.[1]:458 serves as a parent ... synthesis of Fenamic acid: C. F. H. Allen, G. H. W. McKee (1939). "Acridone". 2: 6. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.019.0006.. .mw-parser- ...
... vanillic acid, ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid, and benzoic acid, with significant content of calcium, magnesium, and potassium.[ ... Berries from E. senticosus contain diverse polyphenols, including caffeic acid, ... and heavy clay soils with acid, neutral, or alkaline chemistry and including soils of low nutritional value. It can tolerate ...
benzoic acid and benzoates used in acidic foods such as jams, salad dressing, juices, pickles, carbonated drinks, soy sauce ... Common sequestering agents are disodium EDTA, citric acid (and citrates), tartaric acid, and lecithin.[1] ... propionic acid and propionates baked goods n/a isothiazolinones (MIT, CMIT, BIT) home and personal care products, paints/ ... ascorbic acid, sodium ascorbate cheese, chips E321 butylated hydroxytoluene, butylated hydroxyanisole also used in food ...
... ask the MOHW officials to go to those manufacturers and conduct investigation because of being suspected to contain fatty acid ...
... especially benzoic acid. Carabids typically produce carboxylic acids, particularly formic acid, methacrylic acid, and tiglic ... acid, but also aliphatic ketones, saturated esters, phenols, aromatic aldehydes, and quinones. Accessory glands or modified ... Dytiscids discharge aromatic aldehydes, esters, and acids, ...
Amygdalin · Anisatin · Antiarin · Brucine · Chaconine · Cicutoxin · Daphnin · Delphinine · Divicine · Djenkolic acid · ... Ibotenic acid · Muscimol · Ochratoxin · Patulin · Sterigmatocystin · Trichothecene · Vomitoxin · Zeranol · Zearalenone ...
Benzoic acid. *Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). *Sodium benzoate. Sugar substitutes. *Acesulfame potassium. *Aspartame ...
Benzoic acid. *Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). *Sodium benzoate. Sugar substitutes. *Acesulfame potassium. *Aspartame ...
Benzoic acid. *Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). *Sodium benzoate. Sugar substitutes. *Acesulfame potassium. *Aspartame ...
"A mechanism of benzoic acid biosynthesis in plants and bacteria that mirrors fatty acid beta-oxidation". Chembiochem. 2 (10): ... Ephedrine was long thought to come from modifying the amino acid L-phenylalanine.[35] L-Phenylalanine would be decarboxylated ... Benzaldehyde reacts with pyruvic acid to attach a 2 carbon unit. This product then undergoes transamination and methylation to ... Proposed biosynthetic pathway of ephedrine from L-phenylalanine and pyruvic acid.[31][32] ...
The addition of benzoic acid, potassium and disodium phosphate increase the effects of Gerovital-H3 biotrophic treatment." Web- ... It also contains small amounts of benzoic acid, potassium metabisulfite and disodium phosphate which are said to be important ...
The pH of diazepam is neutral (i.e., pH = 7). Due to additives such as benzoic acid/benzoate in the injectable form.[ ... and valproic acid prolong the action of diazepam by inhibiting its elimination.[10][23][39] ... Its mechanism of action is by increasing the effect of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).[10] ... but has a slight effect on gamma-aminobutyric acid transaminase activity.[83] It differs from some other anticonvulsive drugs ...
benzoic acid, sodium benzoate and benzoates used in acidic foods such as jams, salad dressing, juices, pickles, carbonated ... Common sequestering agents are disodium EDTA, citric acid (and citrates), tartaric acid, and lecithin.[1] ... ascorbic acid, sodium ascorbate cheese, chips E321 butylated hydroxytoluene, butylated hydroxyanisole also used in food ... Ascorbic acid and tocopherol, which are vitamins, are common preservatives. Smoking entails exposing food to a variety of ...
... breaks down in contact with skin, producing benzoic acid and oxygen, neither of which is very toxic.[28] ... It does not induce antibiotic resistance.[15][16] It may be combined with salicylic acid, sulfur, erythromycin or clindamycin ( ... Worret WI, Fluhr JW (April 2006). "[Acne therapy with topical benzoyl peroxide, antibiotics and azelaic acid]". Journal der ... Combination products such as benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide/salicylic acid appear to be slightly more ...
An example of electrophilic aromatic substitution is the nitration of salicylic acid:[5] ...
Fatty acids such as conjugated linoleic acid, catalpic acid, eleostearic acid and punicic acid, in addition to providing energy ... Essential fatty acids[edit]. Main article: Essential fatty acids. Most fatty acids are non-essential, meaning the body can ... As there is no protein or amino acid storage provision, amino acids must be present in the diet. Excess amino acids are ... The omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), which can be made in the human body from the omega-3 essential fatty acid alpha- ...
... is a benzoic acids (CHEBI:22723) benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746) is conjugate acid of benzoate (CHEBI: ... benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746). 4-(β-D-glucosyloxy)benzoic acid (CHEBI:16741) has functional parent benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746). 4-( ... benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746). p-mercuribenzoic acid (CHEBI:28886) has functional parent benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746). tert-butyl ... benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746). 5-sulfosalicylic acid (CHEBI:68555) has functional parent benzoic acid (CHEBI:30746). N-benzoyl-D- ...
... especially in acid foods such as pickles and sauces. ... benzoic acid* A preservative normally used as the sodium, ... Benzoic Acid Chemical Compounds COPYRIGHT 2006 Thomson Gale. Benzoic Acid. OVERVIEW. Benzoic acid (ben-ZO-ik AS-id) is the ... Benzoic acid. Benzoic acid is a derivative of benzene with the chemical formula C6H5COOH. It consists of a carboxyl group ... Benzoic acid. Benzoic acid is a derivative of benzene with the chemical formula C6 H5 COOH. It consists of a carboxyl group ...
... of benzoic acid and 40% benzoic acid esters. In terms of its biosynthesis, benzoate is produced in plants from cinnamic acid. A ... benzoic acid is meta directing. Reactions typical for carboxylic acids apply also to benzoic acid. Benzoate esters are the ... For this reason, benzoic acid for human consumption was obtained by dry distillation of gum benzoin. Food-grade benzoic acid is ... Salts of benzoic acid are used as food preservatives. Benzoic acid is an important precursor for the industrial synthesis of ...
Ali N., Thermodynamic functions of the benzoic acid, phthalic acid and salicylic acid, Indian J. Phys., 1983, B57, 413-419. [ ... acid); Phenylcarboxy; Benzenemethonic acid; Diacylic acid; Flowers of benjamin; Flowers of benzoin; Oracylic acid; Retarder BAX ... Other names: Benzenecarboxylic acid; Benzeneformic acid; Benzenemethanoic acid; Benzoesaeure GK; Benzoesaeure GV; ... Phenylformic acid; Retarder BA; Retardex; Salvo, liquid; Solvo, powder; Tenn-Plas; Acide benzoique; Benzoic acid, tech.; ...
... benzoic acid (CHEBI:87385) is a benzoate ester (CHEBI:36054) 3,4-bis(methoxycarbonyl)benzoic acid (CHEBI:87385) is a benzoic ... A member of the class of benzoic acids that is benzoic acid substituted by methoxycarbonyl groups at positions 3 and 4 ... CHEBI:87385 - 3,4-bis(methoxycarbonyl)benzoic acid. Main. ChEBI Ontology. Automatic Xrefs. Reactions. Pathways. Models. ... 3,4-bis(methoxycarbonyl)benzoic acid (CHEBI:87385) has role metabolite (CHEBI:25212) 3,4-bis(methoxycarbonyl) ...
... or synthesized from phthalic acid or toluene: used chiefly as a preservative, in the synthesis of dyes, and in medicine as a ... Benzoic acid definition, a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble powder, C 7 H 6 O 2 , usually derived from benzoin or ... benzoic acid in Medicine Expand. benzoic acid ben·zo·ic acid (běn-zōĭk). n. An aromatic white crystalline acid used to season ... Treated with nitric acid, some hydrocyanic acid is formed, benzoic acid sublimes, and the residual matter is artificial tannin ...
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
... a white crystalline acid C6H5COOH found naturally (as in benzoin or in cranberries) or made synthetically and used especially ... Share benzoic acid Post the Definition of benzoic acid to Facebook Share the Definition of benzoic acid on Twitter ... Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about benzoic acid. Comments on benzoic acid What made you want to look up benzoic acid? ... Dictionary Entries near benzoic acid. benzoflavine benzofuran benzohydrol benzoic acid benzoic aldehyde benzoic sulfimide ...
Benzoic acid is cheap and readily available, so the laboratory synthesis of benzoic acid is mainly practiced for its pedogical ... Related carboxylic acid. phenylacetic acid,. hippuric acid,. salicylic acid. Related compounds. benzene,. benzaldehyde,. benzyl ... Gum benzoin contains up to 20 percent of benzoic acid and 40 percent benzoic acid esters.[8] ... The product contains significant amounts of chlorinated benzoic acid derivatives. For this reason, benzoic acid for human ...
Benzoic acid has an IR spectroscopy with large peaks present in the 2500 to 3300 centimeter^-1 region, in the 1680 to 1750 ... Home / Science / Chemistry / Atoms & Molecules / What Is the IR Spectrum of Benzoic Acid? ... Benzoic acid has an IR spectroscopy with large peaks present in the 2500 to 3300 centimeter^-1 region, in the 1680 to 1750 ... What Is the IR Spectrum of Benzoic Acid? By Staff WriterLast Updated Apr 4, 2020 6:54:20 PM ET ...
BENZOIC ACID (UNII: 8SKN0B0MIM) (BENZOIC ACID - UNII:8SKN0B0MIM) BENZOIC ACID. 74 g in 1 L. ... PROVITA COMBAT- benzoic acid spray. To receive this label RSS feed. Copy the URL below and paste it into your RSS Reader ... PROVITA COMBAT- benzoic acid spray. If this SPL contains inactivated NDCs listed by the FDA initiated compliance action, they ... E124, E133, Ethanol, Organic Acids (Acetic and Benzoic),Polyvinylpyrrolidone, Tea tree Oil, Triacetin, Water ...
Homeopathic Benzoic Acid. indications, uses & symptoms from 12 cross linked materia medicas. Available 2C-30C, 200C, 1M-10M, 4X ... Benzoic Acid. Benzoic Acid, Benzoicum Acidum, Benz.-ac, Benzene Carboxylic Acid, Carboxybenzene, E210, Dracylic Acid, Acidum ... Show reverse lookup of Benzoic Acid. relationships from all sources. ▲ MIND. Mind. Prone to dwell on unpleasant things in the ... Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Benzoic Acid. in traditional homeopathic usage, not ...
Find patient medical information for benzoic acid (bulk) on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, ... Benzoic Acid Powder Generic Name(S): benzoic acid (bulk) View Free Coupon * Uses ...
It is conjugated to GLYCINE in the liver and excreted as hippuric acid. As the sodium salt form, sodium benzoate is used as a ... This leads to excretion of these amino acids and a decrease in ammonia levels. Recent research shows that sodium benzoate may ... treatment for urea cycle disorders due to its ability to bind amino acids. ... Benzoic acid / Benzoyl / Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives / Carboxylic acid / Carboxylic acid derivative / Organic oxygen ...
In this framework, Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterium is used to eliminate phenol and the benzoic acid. This made it possible to ... Results obtained at the time of the different experimentations clearly show that phenol and the benzoic acid were eliminated by ... the influence of the Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacterium on the deterioration of an area exposed to a phenol and the benzoic acid ... work attempts to solve pollution problems in watery surroundings by aromatic compounds such as the phenol and the benzoic acid ...
Comprehensive disease interaction information for benzoic acid/hyoscyamine/methenamine/methylene blue/phenyl salicylate. ... Benzoic acid / hyoscyamine / methenamine / methylene blue / phenyl salicylate Rating. 6 User Reviews 7.8/10 ... Home › Conditions › Urinary Tract Infection › Benzoic acid/hyoscyamine/methenamine/methylene blue/phenyl salicylate ... Benzoic acid / hyoscyamine / methenamine / methylene blue / phenyl salicylate Disease Interactions. *Side Effects ...
... benzoic acid for your research needs. Find product specific information including CAS, MSDS, protocols and references. ...
Sulfanilide / Benzoic acid or derivatives / Benzoic acid / Benzoyl / Organic sulfonic acid amide / Organosulfonic acid amide / ... Organosulfonic acid or derivatives / Aminosulfonyl compound / SulfonylMonocarboxylic acid or derivatives / Carboxylic acid / ... Benzoic acids / Benzoyl derivatives / Organosulfonamides / Organic sulfonamides / Aminosulfonyl compounds / Monocarboxylic ... 4-[(METHYLSULFONYL)AMINO]BENZOIC ACID. Accession Number. DB07114. Type. Small Molecule. Groups. Experimental. Description. Not ...
Benzoic acid (BA) is a leading choice due to its long and successful history of use preserving foods, drugs and cosmetics. ... 1 Among these organic acids, benzoic acid (BA) is a leading choice due to its long and successful history of use preserving ... 8. Benzoic acid, natural, ,99.5%, FCC (Aldrich), Sigma-Aldrich Catalog No. W213128, www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/ (Accessed on ... 6. Benzoic Acid, Monograph ID 268, In the International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook, 13th edn, Personal Care ...
... benzoic acid; CAS Number: 582-80-9; find Enamine-ENA118036801 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar ...
benzenecarboxylic acid, dracylic acid, benzeneformic acid, carboxybenzene, phenylformic acid, benzenemethanoic acid, ... benzenecarboxylic acid, dracylic acid, benzeneformic acid, carboxybenzene, phenylformic acid, benzenemethanoic acid, ...
... benzoic acid , C13H16BrNO3 , CID 270269 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents ...
... benzoic acid , C14H10ClNO4 , CID 16771604 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, ...
... benzoic acid, 4-1-bromoethyl, acmc-1c3tf, 4-1-bromoethyl-benzoic acid, 4-1-bromo-ethyl-benzoic acid, benzoic acid,4-1- ... benzoic acid, 4-1-bromoethyl, acmc-1c3tf, 4-1-bromoethyl-benzoic acid, 4-1-bromo-ethyl-benzoic acid, benzoic acid,4-1- ... 4-(1-Bromoethyl)benzoic acid acts as a reagent to prepare 4-(1-bromo-ethyl)-benzoic acid ethyl ester. It is also used as an ...
Hippuric acid is also known as benzoylglycine and is produced from benzoic acid in two steps: first benzoic acid is converted ... Hippuric acid is also known as benzoylglycine and is produced from benzoic acid in two steps: first benzoic acid is converted ... Benzoyl glucuronide is produced by the reaction of benzoic acid with glucuronic acid, which accounts for 10-20% of benzoic acid ... Benzoyl glucuronide is produced by the reaction of benzoic acid with glucuronic acid, which accounts for 10-20% of benzoic acid ...
Benzoic acid can be further metabolised to hippuric acid and benzoyl glucuronide and excreted in the urine. Some benzoic acid ... produced by reaction with benzoic acid and isodecyl (C10) alcohol. An important feature is that such esters are poorly soluble ... and would produce benzoic acid and primary C10 alcohol. ... sulfuric acid, or glycine, which can be rapidly excreted ( ... and eventual elimination as carbon dioxide and carboxylic acids (Wislocki et al, 1980). Undegraded alcohol can be conjugated ...
Benzoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, mono-C14-18-alkyl derivs., calcium salts (2:1). ...
  • Benzoic acid and its derivatives are excreted from the body conjugated with the amino acids glycine (hippuric acid) and alanine. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This chapter provides the diffusion coefficient of 2-amino-benzoic acid in methanol at different concentrations measured using diaphragm cell. (springer.com)
  • As the sodium salt form, sodium benzoate is used as a treatment for urea cycle disorders due to its ability to bind amino acids. (drugbank.ca)
  • This leads to excretion of these amino acids and a decrease in ammonia levels. (drugbank.ca)
  • Para-amino benzoic acid (PABA) is considered to be in the B-complex vitamin family. (sci-toys.com)
  • In para amino benzoic acid, there is another resonance structure right next to the six-sided ring. (sci-toys.com)
  • In the case of para amino benzoic acid, the rhythm of the sloshing matches the frequency of UV-B light. (sci-toys.com)
  • Here we report the development of functionalized biocompatible fluorescent nanoparticles from para amino benzoic acid nanoparticles for efficient delivery of short interfering RNA (siRNA). (dovepress.com)
  • An aromatic amino acid that is anthranilic acid in which one of the hydrogens attached to the nitrogen is substituted by a methyl group. (hmdb.ca)
  • Here we report the synthesis and crystal structure of a reduced Schiff base that was formed by a condensation reaction of anthraldehyde with 4-amino benzoic acid (PABA). (iucr.org)
  • benzoic acid A preservative normally used as the sodium, potassium, or calcium salts and their derivatives, especially in acid foods such as pickles and sauces. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This weak acid and its salts are used as a food preservative. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Benzoic acid is an organic acid that is used as an antimicrobial agent, flavoring agent and preservative in its sodium salt form. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Benzoic acid is widely used as a preservative to inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungi in the food and beverages industry. (sbwire.com)
  • Benzoic acid when used as a preservative is added with a concentration of 0.05-0.1% to the food products. (sbwire.com)
  • Sodium benzoate is also used as a preservative and is actually the sodium salt of benzoic acid. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Based on data regarding the amounts of benzoic acid and sodium benzoate produced as a food preservative, FDA (1973) estimated a daily per capita intake of 0.9-34 mg for benzoic acid and 34-328 mg for sodium benzoate. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Jun 26, 2019· Sodium benzoate (E211) is a salt derived from benzoic acid, used as a preservative in a variety of foods, beverages, condiments and cosmetics (mouthwash, shampoo, body lotions, and deodorant). (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Feb 16, 2015· Benzoic acid's salt (sodium benzoate) is commonly used as a pH adjustor and preservative in food, preventing the growth of microbes to keep food safe. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Jan 30, 2019· Sodium benzoate is also used as a preservative and is actually the sodium salt of benzoic acid. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • 2. Benzoic acid is important type food preservative. (chemicalbook.com)
  • The benzene forms from decarboxylation of the preservative benzoic acid in the presence of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and metal ions (iron and copper) that act as catalysts, especially under heat and light. (thebeautybrains.com)
  • In addition to being synthesized from a variety of organic compounds (e.g., benzyl alcohol, benzaldehyde, toluene, and phthalic acid), it may be obtained from resins, notably gum benzoin . (encyclopedia.com)
  • For this reason, benzoic acid for human consumption was obtained by dry distillation of gum benzoin. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the principal component of gum benzoin, benzoic acid is also a major ingredient in both tincture of benzoin and Friar's balsam. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benzoin has occasionally been sold by fraudulent dealers after its benzoic acid has been removed by the wet method. (dictionary.com)
  • The name derived from gum benzoin, which was for a long time the only source for benzoic acid. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Even after the discovery of other synthesis methods, it was forbidden to use benzoic acid of other source than gum benzoin. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Initially, Benzoic acid was obtained from resin of trees belonging to the Styrax genus, also known as gum benzoin. (sbwire.com)
  • In medicine, benzoic acid is the principal component of benzoin resin, and is a constituent of Whitfield's ointment which is used for the treatment of fungal skin diseases such as tinea, ringworm, and athlete's foot. (chemicalbook.com)
  • In this study, the synthesis and analytical data of eighteen salicylanilide esters with 4-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid are presented. (mdpi.com)
  • In general, the most active salicylanilide was N -(4-bromophenyl)-4-chloro-2-hydroxybenzamide and among esters, the corresponding 2-(4-bromophenylcarbamoyl)-5-chlorophenyl 4-(trifluoromethyl) benzoate exhibited the lowest MIC of 0.49 µmol/L. However, the esterification of salicylanilides by 4-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid did not result unequivocally in a higher antifungal potency. (mdpi.com)
  • Benzoates are salts and esters of Benzoic acid. (sbwire.com)
  • language = {cze}, issn = {0009-2770}, journal = {Chemické listy}, title = {Esters and Nitriles of 2-(3-Acylselenoureido)benzoic and -thiophene-3-carboxylic Acids Thermal Transformations. (muni.cz)
  • Thermal behaviour of esters and nitriles of 2-(3-acylselenoureido)benzoic and -thiophene-3-carboxylic acids in solid phase and melt were studied. (muni.cz)
  • Benzoic acid and its esters occur in apricots, cranberries, mushrooms and jasmine plants. (chemicalbook.com)
  • Origin Sodium benzoate is the sodium salt of benzoic acid. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Sodium benzoate is the sodium salt, NaC 7 H 5 O 2, of benzoic acid, C 7 H 6 O 2. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • These latter also investigated how hippuric acid is related to benzoic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is conjugated to GLYCINE in the liver and excreted as hippuric acid. (drugbank.ca)
  • Ferrous iron oxidation by Thiobacillus ferrooxidans: inhibition with benzoic acid, sorbic acid, and sodium lauryl sulfate. (cdc.gov)
  • Benzoic acid, sorbic acid, and sls at low concentrations, each effectively inhibited bacterial oxidation of ferrous iron in batch cultures of t. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1875 Salkowski discovered the antifungal abilities of benzoic acid, which was used for a long time in the preservation of benzoate-containing cloudberry fruits. (wikipedia.org)
  • The resulting calcium benzoate is converted to benzoic acid with hydrochloric acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • The efficacy of benzoic acid and benzoate is thus dependent on the pH of the food. (wikipedia.org)
  • C 6 H 5 C(O)Cl is an important starting material for several benzoic acid derivates like benzyl benzoate, which is used as artificial flavours and insect repellents. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Based on application, the benzoates segment which includes sodium benzoate and potassium benzoate is estimated to account for the largest share of the benzoic acid market in 2018. (prsync.com)
  • The nominator expressed concern re health hazards resulting from the aerial spraying of Foray 48b insecticide which contains sodium benzoate & benzoic acid. (nih.gov)
  • Benzoic acid and benzoate are used to preserve acidified food products such as fruit juice, pickles (vinegar), sparkling drinks, etc. as the efficacy of both of them depends on the pH of food.Benzoic acid is also used in chemical, pharmaceutical, plastics, and in other industries. (sbwire.com)
  • Increasing demand for the replacement of phthalate plasticizers by benzoate plasticizers for different applications is likely to drive the demand for Benzoic acid market. (sbwire.com)
  • Rising demand for sodium and potassium benzoate also has been supporting the growth of Benzoic acid market. (sbwire.com)
  • Benzyl Benzoate CAS 120-51-4 Benzoic acid benzyl ester. (hisupplier.com)
  • Jan 30, 2019· Benzoic Acid vs. Salicylic Acid vs. Sodium Benzoate. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Both benzoic acid and sodium benzoate occur naturally in many foods. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Sodium Benzoate, Calcium Benzoate and Potassium Benzoate are salts of Benzoic Acid. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Benzyl Benzoate is an ester of Benzyl Alcohol and Benzoic Acid. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Mar 01, 2016· Hey guys, in this epic segment, we are making some benzoic acid from sodium benzoate. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • It is produced when bezoic acid reacts with sodium hydroxide, NaOH, and the sodium ion replaces one of the hydrogen ions in the acid to produce sodium benzoate and water. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Last week, the Food Safety and Inspection Service ("FSIS") issued a proposal to lift the general prohibition against the use of sodium benzoate, benzoic acid, and sodium propionate in meat and poultry. (fdalawblog.net)
  • FSIS states that it concluded, based on data included in the Petitions, that the proposed uses of sodium benzoate, benzoic acid, and sodium propionate are suitable, i.e. , do not mask or conceal damage or inferiority and do not extend shelf life of the RTE meat and poultry products. (fdalawblog.net)
  • The report deeply explores the recent significant developments by the leading vendors and innovation profiles in the Global Benzoic Acid Market including Chemcrux Enterprises Ltd, Emerald Performance Materials, HUANGSHI TAIHUA INDUSTRY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DEVELOP CO.,LTD., I G Petrochemicals Limited. (reportlinker.com)
  • 1. What is the market size and forecast of the Global Benzoic Acid Market? (reportlinker.com)
  • 2. What are the inhibiting factors and impact of COVID-19 shaping the Global Benzoic Acid Market during the forecast period? (reportlinker.com)
  • Benzoic acid and its salts are used as a food preservatives, represented by the E numbers E210, E211, E212, and E213. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2-(Methylamino)benzoic acid, also known as N-methyl-2-aminobenzoate or N-methylanthranilic acid, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as aminobenzoic acids. (hmdb.ca)
  • The product contains significant amounts of chlorinated benzoic acid derivatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benzyl alcohol and benzyl chloride and virtually all benzyl derivatives are readily oxidized to benzoic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alkyl substituted benzene derivatives give benzoic acid with the stoichiometric oxidants potassium permanganate, chromium trioxide, nitric acid . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • benzoic acid (bĕnzō´Ĭk) , C 6 H 5 CO 2 H, crystalline solid organic acid that melts at 122°C and boils at 249°C. It is the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid (see aryl group and carboxyl group ). (encyclopedia.com)
  • An aromatic white crystalline acid used to season tobacco and in perfumes, dentifrices, and germicides. (dictionary.com)
  • A white, crystalline acid used in preserving food, as a cosmetic, and in medicine. (dictionary.com)
  • Benzoic acid , C 7 H 6 O 2 (or C 6 H 5 COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid . (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • BA is typically supplied as a white crystalline solid, in either flake or powder form, with a melting point of 121-123° C. 7, 12 It is a weak acid with a pKa value of 4.19. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Valley Cottage, NY -- ( SBWIRE ) -- 11/01/2017 -- Benzoic acid is a crystalline and colorless aromatic carboxylic acid with chemical formula C6H5COOH. (sbwire.com)
  • In 1875, the salkowski discovered the antifungal potency of benzoic acid, so benzoic acid is used for long term preservation cloudberry. (chemicalbook.com)
  • 2,4-bis-(trifluoromethyl)-benzoic acid manufacturers and suppliers with contacts and product range are mentioned in the study. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Furthermore, 2,4-bis-(trifluoromethyl)-benzoic acid prices in regional markets can be found in the report with regards to countries and companies. (marketpublishers.com)
  • The report also focuses on 2,4-bis-(trifluoromethyl)-benzoic acid consumers by providing data on companies that use it. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Benzoyl chloride, C 6 H 5 C(O)Cl, is obtained by treatment of benzoic with thionyl chloride, phosgene or one of the chlorides of phosphorus. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • The growing consumption of frozen food items in China is also leading to the growth of the benzoic acid market in the country. (prsync.com)
  • Increased demand for phthalate-free plasticizers from the country is another factor driving the consumption of benzoic acid in China. (prsync.com)
  • The consumption of Benzoic acid allows the market to remain relatively higher in the Asia-Pacific region, which will boost the advancement of this market. (sbwire.com)
  • Per capita plastic consumption is following a higher rate in countries like India and China, which will enhance the demand for plasticizers and ultimately drive the market growth for Benzoic acid. (sbwire.com)
  • This could make 2-(methylamino)benzoic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. (hmdb.ca)
  • Salicylic acid is known for its ability to ease aches and pains and reduce fevers. (hisupplier.com)
  • Salicylic acid, on the other hand, has many similarities to benzoic acid. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • A compound comprising a benzene ring core carrying a carboxylic acid substituent. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Finally, the absorption peak at 900 to 1100 is indicative of the benzene ring present in the benzoic acid compound. (reference.com)
  • SYNOPSIS The reactions of p -diphenylphosphinobenzoic acid with various organotin precursors have been shown to afford hexameric compound 1 , tetrameric compound 2 and 1-D polymeric compounds 3 and 4 . (springer.com)
  • Benzyl Alcohol has a hydroxyl group (-OH), while the related compound, Benzoic Acid has a carboxyl group (-COOH). (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • 2-(Methylamino)benzoic acid is a moderately basic compound (based on its pKa). (hmdb.ca)
  • In conclusion, the 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid showed antifungal activity against species of medical importance, mainly dermatophytosis-causing fungi, and the 3,4,5-tris(acetyloxy)benzoic acid showed no increasing antifungal activity and toxicity in relation to the original compound. (scirp.org)
  • Benzoic acid is a common ingredient added to food products and cosmetics alike to help extend shelf life and fight the growth of yeast and bacteria. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • In solution, the benzoic acid ion is the active ingredient and acts directly on micro-organisms to limit their activity. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Rachel Becker, The Verge , "Juul's nicotine salts are dominating the market - and other companies want in," 21 Nov. 2018 Further, Zeichner says that ingredients like propylene glycol, benzene, benzoic acid , and chlorhexidine can potentially cause irritation and even allergic contact dermatitis. (merriam-webster.com)
  • Jill Tucker, SFChronicle.com , "As Juul vaping surges among teens, health concerns grow," 27 May 2018 Juul's e-cigarette liquid contains only five: glycerol, propylene glycol, nicotine, benzoic acid , and food-grade flavoring. (merriam-webster.com)
  • 4-(Dimethylamino)-benzoic acid (CAS 619-84-1) Market Research Report 2018 aims at providing comprehensive data on 4-(dimethylamino)-benzoic acid market globally and regionally (Europe, Asia, North America, Latin America etc. (marketpublishers.com)
  • 4-(Dimethylamino)-benzoic acid (CAS 619-84-1) Market Research Report 2018 contents were worked out and placed on the website in March, 2018. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Please note that 4-(Dimethylamino)-benzoic acid (CAS 619-84-1) Market Research Report 2018 is a half ready publication and contents are subject to change. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Also called benzenecarboxylic acid , phenylformic acid . (dictionary.com)
  • It captures 4-(dimethylamino)-benzoic acid market trends, pays close attention to 4-(dimethylamino)-benzoic acid manufacturers and names suppliers. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Benzoic acid is soluble in water. (sbwire.com)
  • It is soluble in water where it converts to benzoic acid, its active form, at a low pH. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Benzoic acid CAS: 65-85-0 Formula: C7H6O2 Benzenecarboxylic acid P. (chemnet.com)
  • Benzoic acid is an important precursor for the industrial synthesis of many other organic substances. (wikipedia.org)
  • Salts of benzoic acid are used as food preservatives. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benzoic acid is mainly consumed in the production of phenol by oxidative decarboxylation at 300−400 °C: C6H5CO2H + 1/2 O2 → C6H5OH + CO2 The temperature required can be lowered to 200 °C by the addition of catalytic amounts of copper (II) salts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Concern has been expressed that benzoic acid and its salts may react with ascorbic acid (vitamin C) in some soft drinks, forming small quantities of carcinogenic benzene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Treated with nitric acid, some hydrocyanic acid is formed, benzoic acid sublimes, and the residual matter is artificial tannin:-8. (dictionary.com)
  • Benzoic acid consists of a benzene ring with a carboxyl group (COOH) attached. (dictionary.com)
  • 4-(1-Bromoethyl)benzoic acid acts as a reagent to prepare 4-(1-bromo-ethyl)-benzoic acid ethyl ester. (fishersci.ca)
  • ECHA organiseert raadplegingen om van alle geïnteresseerde partijen feedback te krijgen en om zo breed mogelijke wetenschappelijke informatie te verzamelen voor de regelgevingsprocedures. (europa.eu)
  • It is the simplest aromatic carboxylic acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • BA, shown in Figure 1 , is the simplest aromatic organic acid, comprising a phenyl ring substituted with a single carboxylic acid group. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Acidic food and beverage like fruit juice (citric acid), sparkling drinks (carbon dioxide), soft drinks (phosphoric acid), pickles (vinegar) or other acidified food are preserved with benzoic acid and benzoates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Direct benzoylation of the two hydroxyl groups on chitosan was achieved using a phosphoryl mixed anhydride system, derived from trifluoroacetic anhydride (TFAA), benzoic acids (BAs), and phosphoric acid (PA). (mdpi.com)
  • The benzoates segment is estimated to account for the largest share of the benzoic acid market, by application for the forecast period. (prsync.com)
  • Driven by market demands for products that eschew well-established yet controversial preservatives, such as parabens and formaldehyde donors, and faced with a dwindling number of economical alternatives for safe and effective preservation, formulators are increasingly turning to organic acids to protect products from microbial contamination. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • 1 Among these organic acids, benzoic acid (BA) is a leading choice due to its long and successful history of use preserving foods, drugs and cosmetics. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
  • Dichloromethane and hydrochloric acid were used to extract benzocaine while benzoic acid was extracted with the use of dichloromethane and sodium hydroxide. (ostatic.com)
  • Benzocaine was extracted first by adding six molar hydrochloric acid to the funnel, shaking the funnel until pressure no longer forms, and allowing the layers to separate after shaking. (ostatic.com)
  • The addition of hydrochloric acid binds an extra hydrogen to the amine group in benzocaine giving the nitrogen a positive charge. (ostatic.com)
  • Benzoic acid is the simplest member of the aromatic carboxylic acid family. (chemicalbook.com)
  • Benzoic acid /bɛnˈzoʊ.ɪk/ is a white (or colorless) solid with the formula C6H5CO2H. (wikipedia.org)
  • melting points - Acid acid mp amide mp benzoic acid 122-123. (coursehero.com)
  • More than 90 percent of commercial benzoic acid is converted directly to phenol and caprolactam. (chemicalbook.com)

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