Benin: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER and between TOGO and NIGERIA. Its capital is Porto-Novo. It was formerly called Dahomey. In the 17th century it was a kingdom in the southern area of Africa. Coastal footholds were established by the French who deposed the ruler by 1892. It was made a French colony in 1894 and gained independence in 1960. Benin comes from the name of the indigenous inhabitants, the Bini, now more closely linked with southern Nigeria (Benin City, a town there). Bini may be related to the Arabic bani, sons. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p136, 310 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p60)Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Mycobacterium ulcerans: A slow-growing mycobacterium that infects the skin and subcutaneous tissues, giving rise to indolent BURULI ULCER.Pyrethrins: The active insecticidal constituent of CHRYSANTHEMUM CINERARIIFOLIUM flowers. Pyrethrin I is the pyretholone ester of chrysanthemummonocarboxylic acid and pyrethrin II is the pyretholone ester of chrysanthemumdicarboxylic acid monomethyl ester.Insecticide Resistance: The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.Togo: A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.Anopheles gambiae: A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.Phenylcarbamates: Phenyl esters of carbamic acid or of N-substituted carbamic acids. Structures are similar to PHENYLUREA COMPOUNDS with a carbamate in place of the urea.Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.Africa, Western: The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.Fenitrothion: An organothiophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Nutrition Disorders: Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition.Dioscorea: A plant genus best known for edible underground tubers. Yam may also refer to a moist variety of sweet potato, IPOMOEA BATATAS.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Cultured Milk Products: Milk modified with controlled FERMENTATION. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KAFFIR CORN.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Charadriiformes: An order of BIRDS including over 300 species that primarily inhabit coastal waters, beaches, and marshes. They are comprised of shorebirds, gulls, and terns.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Obsessive Hoarding: Persistent difficulty discarding or parting with possessions, regardless of the value of these possessions. Epidemiological studies suggest that hoarding occurs in 2-5% of the population and can lead to substantial distress and disability, as well as serious public health consequences.Civilization: The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Great BritainDissent and Disputes: Differences of opinion or disagreements that may arise, for example, between health professionals and patients or their families, or against a political regime.Child Custody: The formally authorized guardianship or care of a CHILD.Trustees: Board members of an institution or organization who are entrusted with the administering of funds and the directing of policy.Negotiating: The process of bargaining in order to arrive at an agreement or compromise on a matter of importance to the parties involved. It also applies to the hearing and determination of a case by a third party chosen by the parties in controversy, as well as the interposing of a third party to reconcile the parties in controversy.Theology: The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Vancomycin Resistance: Nonsusceptibility of bacteria to the action of VANCOMYCIN, an inhibitor of cell wall synthesis.Vancomycin: Antibacterial obtained from Streptomyces orientalis. It is a glycopeptide related to RISTOCETIN that inhibits bacterial cell wall assembly and is toxic to kidneys and the inner ear.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Drinking Water: Water that is intended to be ingested.World War II: Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Military Personnel: Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.World War I: Global conflict primarily fought on European continent, that occurred between 1914 and 1918.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.BelgiumAerospace Medicine: That branch of medicine dealing with the studies and effects of flight through the atmosphere or in space upon the human body and with the prevention or cure of physiological or psychological malfunctions arising from these effects. (from NASA Thesaurus)Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Brassica: A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).Aviation: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.

Sustaining malaria prevention in Benin: local production of bednets. (1/209)

Through a Benin-Canada participatory research initiative which included both Benin and Canadian non-governmental organizations, a local capacity to produce and market bednets for the prevention of malaria was developed. The development process began following a community-based assessment of local needs and skills. All materials for the manufacture and distribution of the bednets were obtained locally with the exception of the netting which was imported from Canada. The sustainability of the enterprise is enhanced by the community's recognition of the importance of malaria and the culturally acceptable practice of bednet use.  (+info)

Divergence of West African and North American communities of Aspergillus section Flavi. (2/209)

West African Aspergillus flavus S isolates differed from North American isolates. Both produced aflatoxin B1. However, 40 and 100% of West African isolates also produced aflatoxin G1 in NH4 medium and urea medium, respectively. No North American S strain isolate produced aflatoxin G1. This geographical and physiological divergence may influence aflatoxin management.  (+info)

Concentrations of riboflavin and related organic acids in children with protein-energy malnutrition. (3/209)

BACKGROUND: Riboflavin, flavin mononucleotide (FMN), and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) concentrations have been little studied in cases of malnutrition. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate the effects of malnutrition on riboflavin status and riboflavin's relation with thyroid hormones and concentrations of urinary organic acids. DESIGN: Malnourished children from the savannah in Benin (group S, n = 30) and the coast in Togo (group C, n = 30), as well as 24 control subjects from both regions, were studied. Blood riboflavin, FMN, and FAD were analyzed by HPLC; urinary organic acids were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Children in group S were more severely malnourished than children in group C. Triiodothyronine concentrations were lower in group S than in group C or the control group (1.12 +/- 0.24 compared with 1.74 +/- 0.18 and 2.92 +/- 0.19 nmol/L, respectively; P < 0.0001). Plasma riboflavin concentrations in group S were higher than those in group C or the control group (66.90 +/- 12.75 compared with 28.09 +/- 9.12 and 20.08 +/- 3.03 nmol/L, respectively; P < 0.001). Plasma FAD concentrations in group S were lower than those in group C or the control group (31.57 +/- 10.19 compared with 59.02 +/- 5.60 and 65.35 +/- 5.23 nmol/L, respectively; P < 0.0001). Dicarboxylic aciduria was higher in group C than in group S or the control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Children in group S had low triiodothyronine concentrations and low conversion of plasma riboflavin into its cofactors, leading to a plasma FAD deficiency. Plasma FAD was not correlated with urinary dicarboxylic acid concentrations.  (+info)

Economic impact of febrile morbidity and use of permethrin-impregnated bed-nets in a malarious area I. Study of demographics, morbidity, and household expenditures associated with febrile morbidity in the Republic of Benin. (4/209)

In preparation for a study on the effect of bed net use on malaria, this article describes febrile morbidity and malaria expenditures in a sub-Saharan area (Benin) of hyperendemic malaria. The 325 randomly selected households were visited weekly between April 1994 and March 1995 to determine febrile morbidity and household expenditures for prevention and treatment. The results indicate that rural children had two febrile episodes annually compared with 0.3 episodes among children living in the city. There was no difference in mean annual febrile episodes between adults and children (adults = 1.5, children = 1.5; P = 0.48) and in the expenditures per febrile episode (adults = US$1.85, children = US$1.62; P = 0.45). Annual prevention expenditures were higher for adults than for children (US$1.73 and US$1.28, respectively; P < 0.001), although there was no significant difference in expenditures for annual treatment for adults and children (US$2.15 and US$2.34, respectively). These and other findings are analyzed further and discussed.  (+info)

Economic impact of febrile morbidity and use of permethrin-impregnated bed nets in a malarious area II. Determinants of febrile episodes and the cost of their treatment and malaria prevention. (5/209)

The objective of this study is to determine the effect of permethrin insecticide-treated bed net (PITN) use on the incidence of febrile episodes and on household malaria expenses in Benin. Over the course of one year, 208 randomly selected PITN user and non-user households were visited weekly to determine expenditures on febrile morbidity and its treatment, and to monitor spending on malaria prevention. Multivariate analyses were performed to distinguish the effects of PITN use from other important determinants of morbidity, such as malaria-related beliefs and practices, income, and other socio-economic variables. Results from the logistic regression analysis show that the use of PITNs decreases the risk of febrile episodes by 34% in children living in the rural zone. Multiple regression analysis reveals that PITN use does not reduce prevention and treatment expenses. These expenses are significantly associated with women's income. This report also discusses other factors associated with febrile morbidity and malaria-related expenditures.  (+info)

Estimation of the prevalence of epilepsy in the Benin region of Zinvie using the capture-recapture method. (6/209)

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of epilepsy was estimated in two villages of 3134 inhabitants, in Benin, in April and May 1997 using the capture-recapture method. METHODS: Information was obtained from (i) a door-to-door cross-sectional study, (ii) a non-medical source consisting of key informants (traditional practitioners, teachers, village leaders, and religious representatives) and (iii) a medical source through evaluation of medical records in health centres. In all the three situations, the diagnosis of epilepsy was confirmed by a neurologist. RESULTS: The door-to-door survey found 50 epileptics, i.e. a prevalence of 15.9 per 1000. The non-medical source found 26 patients. The medical source found only four patients. In total, 66 epileptics were found by combining the three sources, giving a prevalence of 21.1 per 1000. After application of the capture-recapture method, the estimated number of cases from the door-to-door survey and non-medical source was 105, and 110 cases when the medical source was considered as well. The respective prevalences were 33.5 per 1000, and 35.1 per 1000. CONCLUSIONS: The door-to-door survey has been usefully improved by using key informants. The epilepsy prevalence estimate found by capture-recapture is clearly higher than that found by traditional cross-sectional methods, and could better depict the frequency of epilepsy in Africa.  (+info)

Diagnostic performance of the Roche AMPLICOR PCR in detecting Neisseria gonorrhoeae in genitourinary specimens from female sex workers in Cotonou, Benin. (7/209)

The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the Roche multiplex AMPLICOR Chlamydia trachomatis/Neisseria gonorrhoeae PCR test for the detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae infection in female urine specimens and wet and dry endocervical swabs. Endocervical swabs and urine specimens were collected from 342 female sex workers from Cotonou, Benin, and were tested using the AMPLICOR C. trachomatis/N. gonorrhoeae test (Roche Diagnostic Systems, Inc., Branchburg, N.J.) with internal control detection. Endocervical swabs were also cultured on Thayer-Martin medium. A series of alternate standards that included a combination of all the tests but not the test being evaluated was used to assess the performance of the test with each type of specimen. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values for the urine were 53.8, 98.9, 93.5, and 87.5%, respectively. Corresponding figures for the wet swab were 91.5, 100, 100, and 97.4%, respectively. Those for the dry swab were 96.3, 96.2, 88.5, and 98.8%, respectively. Based on this study, the AMPLICOR PCR assay showed a low sensitivity for detection of N. gonorrhoeae infection in urine specimens, whereas the test was found to be highly sensitive and specific with endocervical specimens.  (+info)

Improved iodine status is associated with improved mental performance of schoolchildren in Benin. (8/209)

BACKGROUND: An adequate iodine supply in utero and shortly after birth is known to be crucial to an individual's physical and mental development. The question of whether iodine supplementation later in life can exert a favorable influence on the mental performance of iodine-deficient populations was addressed in various studies, but with contradictory results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of an improvement in iodine status on mental and psychomotor performance of schoolchildren (7-11 y) who were moderately to severely iodine deficient. DESIGN: The study, which was originally planned as a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled intervention, was carried out in an iodine-deficient population of schoolchildren (n = 196) in northern Benin. As the population began to have access to iodized salt during the 1-y intervention period, the study population was split post hoc-on the basis of urinary iodine concentrations-into a group with improved iodine status and a group with unchanged iodine status. Changes in mental and psychomotor performance over the intervention period were compared. RESULTS: Children with increased urinary iodine concentrations had a significantly greater increase in performance on the combination of mental tests than did the group with no change in urinary iodine concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: An improvement in iodine status, rather than iodine status itself, determined mental performance in this population, which was initially iodine deficient. These findings suggest a "catch-up" effect in terms of mental performance.  (+info)

https://www.college-de-france.fr/site/en-benedicte-savoy/inaugural-lecture-2017-03-30-18h00.htm. The official English text of the brilliant lecture in French by Professor Savoy at the Collège de France is not yet available but I found her ideas so encouraging that I decided to provide an English translation based on the French text and the simultaneous English interpretation for my readers. We will bring the English text to the attention of readers when available.. [2] Exclusive: University-owned Benin collections may be loaned ... - Varsity. www.varsity.co.uk/news/12683 Exclusive: University-owned Benin collections may be loaned to .... www.nigeria70.com/nigerian...university_owned_benin_collecti. Exclusive: University-owned Benin collections may be loaned to .... www.dubnews.com/more.php?...University-owned+Benin+collec... [3] See Annex below.. [4] K. Opoku, Benin Plan of Action for Restitution: Will this ensure the return of the looted Benin artefacts, ...
BACKGROUND: An HIV-preventive intervention targeting the sex work milieu and involving fully integrated components of structural interventions, communication for behavioral change and care for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), was implemented in Benin by a Canadian project from 1992 to 2006. It first covered Cotonou before being extended to other main cities from 2000. At the project end, the Beninese authorities took over the intervention, but structural interventions were interrupted and other intervention components were implemented separately. We estimated time trends in HIV/STI prevalence among female sex workers (FSWs) from 1993 to 2008 and assessed the impact of the change in intervention model on trends. METHODS: Six integrated biological and behavioral surveys were carried out among FSWs. Time trend analysis controlled for potential sociodemographic confounders using log-binomial regression. RESULTS: In Cotonou, from 1993 to 2008, there was a significant decrease in HIV ...
The story of Benin has been told several times but I found the short account by Sylvester Okwunodu Ogbechie very useful: "In February 1897, an elite British force of about 1200 men (supported by several hundred African auxiliary troops and thousands of African porters) besieged Benin City, capital of the Edo Kingdom of Benin, whose ruler, the Oba Ovonramwen sat on a throne that was a thousand years old. The British Punitive Expedition used Maxim machine guns to mow down most of the Obas 130,000 soldiers and secure control of the capital city. They set fire to the city and looted the palace of 500 years worth of bronze objects that constituted the royal archive of Benins history, an irreplaceable national treasure. The king and his principal chiefs fled into the countryside, pursued by British forces who lay waste to the countryside as a strategy to force the people of Benin to give up their fugitive king. According to Richard Gott, for a further six months, a small British force harried the ...
Photographs © Hamill Gallery. BENIN, BRONZE KINGS HEAD 11, 5, $300, SOLD. Old Benin bronzes are very rare. Despite its appearance, this is a 20th C. piece and was made to be sold.. The extraordinary bronzes of the Benin kingdom in what is now Nigeria exhibit a virtuosity and sophistication of style that has astonished the Western world since they were visited in the 15th Century. Their work was brought to Europe following a punitive expedition by the British in 1897, causing a great sensation. The people of Benin, called Bini, are descended from the Ife, also known for their remarkable bronzes. Almost all Benin art was created to honor the king , or Oba, who has reigned, with his ancestors, from the 15th century. Styles have changed over the years. Although similar to many older works, these are all 20th C. pieces. Each is still sculpted by hand, then cast in bronze by the lost wax process. Heads that do not depict the king show members of his court or the Queen.. This head of a king is ...
17 August 2015). Authorities from Nigeria and Benin are taking advantage of Governor Atiku Bagudu of Kebbis visit to Benin to discuss resolving the border dispute between the two countries. The Governors visit follows a previous conversation between Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari and Beninois President Yayi Boni agreeing to move forward on the dispute.. The disputed territories include settlements in Bagudo Local Government of Kebbi in Nigeria and Maladil in Benin. As part of the visit, Bagudu promised to construct a road linking communities on both sides of the border.. Source:. Nigeria, Benin Republic begin talk on settlement of border dispute, 13 August 2015, Premium Times, http://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/more-news/188304-nigeria-benin-republic-begin-talk-on-settlement-of-border-dispute.html ...
Obesity is an independent risk factor for chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and certain cancers. Early detection of abdominal obesity followed by appropriate interventions will prevent associated diseases. The objective was to determine optimal waist circumference (WC) cut-off points predictive of at least one other component of metabolic syndrome in Benin adults. This longitudinal and observational study included at the baseline 541 apparently healthy subjects aged 25 - 60 years randomly selected in the largest city of Cotonou (n = 200), the smaller-size city of Ouidah (n = 171) and rural surroundings of Ouidah (n = 170) in Benin. Components of the metabolic syndrome considered along with abdominal obesity were high blood pressure, high fasting glycaemia, low HDL-cholesterol and high triglycerides as defined by the Joint Interim Statement. After the baseline survey, the subjects were followed-up for four years. Complete data at baseline and four years later were available in
This week at the Plant and Animal Genome Conference in San Diego, California, USA Illumina awarded Dr. Roland Schafleitner and the International Mungbean Improvement Network (IMIN) the 12th annual Illumina Agricultural Greater Good Initiative Grant for generating genomic resources for mungbean breeding, which contributes to food and nutrition security. The grant makes it possible to test new mapping approaches as an alternative to genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to reveal the genetic basis of important traits. Additionally, the IMIN will build capacity to maximize the use of genetic sequencing information in its breeding programs, specifically to use biodiverse germplasm for breeding and tracking important genetic traits. The IMIN, funded by the Australian Center for International Agricultural Research and coordinated by the World Vegetable Center, seeks to unlock the potential of mungbean to improve system productivity and livelihoods. ...
A small country in the Gulf of Guinea with a rich history, Benin has some forty ethnic groups living in perfect harmony. This diversity has gifted the country with a wide range of traditions, including the unique cult of Vodun. Boasting a vibrant intellectual and cultural life, Benin is often referred to as Africas Latin Quarter in the Francophone world.. Benin Tourism Website ...
Since 2008, Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) has been performed in Benin in 19 districts, including 4 in southern Benin, 9 in Atacora, and 8 in Atacora, Alibori and Donga in northern Benin. However, Benin still struggles with questions about IRS cost-benefit and epidemiological impact. Lessons learned and challenges from 10 years of IRS in Benin to be shared with the stakeholders involved in vector control implementation for decision-making. Entomological parameters have been assessed entomological parameters in IRS communes since 2008. In all IRS intervention communes, decreases in human biting rate (HBR) of Anopheles gambiae, blood feeding inhibition and entomological inoculation rate (EIR) as compared to control district have been measured. EIR was reduced by 80-90%, which is encouraging, but should be observed with caution because: (i) the reduction may be insufficient to decrease epidemiological indicators given that the residual EIR in IRS districts is still higher than it is in some regions of
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Valeria Galetti, Prosper Kujinga, Comlan Evariste S Mitchikpè, Christophe Zeder, Fabian Tay, Félicien Tossou, Joseph D Hounhouigan, Michael B Zimmermann, Diego Moretti].
OBJECTIVES: To explore the role of male circumcision in the spread of HIV infection in four urban populations in sub-Saharan Africa. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional population based study was conducted in four cities in sub-Saharan Africa with different levels of HIV infection. HIV prevalence among adults was relatively low in Cotonou (Benin) and in Yaoundé (Cameroon), and exceeded 25% in Kisumu (Kenya) and in Ndola (Zambia). In each city, a random sample was taken of men and women aged 15-49 years from the general population. Consenting study participants were interviewed about their sociodemographic characteristics and their sexual behaviour, and were tested for HIV, herpes simplex virus type 2, syphilis, gonorrhoea and chlamydial infection. Men underwent a genital examination. RESULTS: In Cotonou and in Yaoundé, the two low HIV prevalence cities, 99% of men were circumcised. In Kisumu 27.5% of men were circumcised, and in Ndola this proportion was 9%. In Kisumu, the prevalence of HIV ...
Benin. SUMMARY. The diet of Benin is based on starchy roots (cassava, yams) and cereals. Large variations are observed between the north and the south of the country. In the south, the diet is mostly based on maize and fish, while in the north, traditional cereals (millet in particular) still have an important role and meat/milk products are more available. Rice is becoming increasingly important in urban areas, but also in rural areas. The per capita supply of starchy roots is very high; its share in the dietary energy supply has decreased slightly over the last four decades to the advantage of cereals. The country is relatively self-sufficient in cereals (with the notable exception of rice) and starchy roots, but it is heavily dependant on imports of foods of animal origin for which the per capita supply remains very limited. The dietary energy supply is higher than the population requirements. The prevalence of undernourishment is declining at about 10%, corresponding to the average of West ...
Background: Benin and Mali introduced user fee exemption policies focused on caesarean sections (C-sections) in 2005 and 2009, respectively. These policies had a positive impact on access to C-sections and facility based deliveries among all women, but the impact on socioeconomic inequality is still highly uncertain. The objective of this study was to observe whether there was an increase or a decrease in urban/rural and socioeconomic inequalities in access to C-sections and facility based deliveries after the free C-section policy was introduced. Methods: We used data from three consecutive Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS): 2001, 2006 and 2011-2012 in Benin and 2001, 2006 and 2012-13 in Mali. We evaluated trends in inequality in terms of two outcomes: C-sections and facility based deliveries. Adjusted odds ratios were used to estimate whether the distributions of C-sections and facility based deliveries favoured the least advantaged categories (rural, non-educated and poorest women) or the
Political Use of Internet During the Benin 2011 Presidential Campaign: Fad Effect or Mid-Term Strategy?: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4197-6.ch018: During the Benin presidential election of March 2011, a new communication tool (Internet) was added to the traditional tools of electoral campaign: meetings
The one lasting remembrance of Benin in my mind is its smells. Crucifixions, human sacrifices, and every horror the eye could get accustomed to, to a large extent, but the smells no white mans internal economy could stand. …. Blood was everywhere; smeared over bronzes, ivory, and even the walls, and spoke the history of that awful city in a clearer way than writing ever could. And this had been going on for centuries! Not the lust of one king, not the climax of a bloody reign, but the religion (save the word!) of the race …. the atrocities of Benin, originating in blood lust and desire to terrorise the neighbouring states, the brutal love of mutilation and torture, and the wholesale manner in which the caprices of the King and Juju were satisfied, could only have been the result of stagnant brutality …. [I saw] a crucifixion tree with a double crucifixion on it, the two poor wretches stretched out facing the west, with their arms bound together in the middle. The construction of this tree ...
... was last measured at 41.71 in 2011, according to the World Bank. Fossil fuel comprises coal, oil, petroleum, and natural gas products.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Fossil fuel energy consumption (% of total) in Benin.
Alexander Okere, Benin As part of efforts to promote economic development in Edo State, the Oba of Benin, Oba Ewuare II, has proposed a satellite ...
Justice Hadiza Rabiu-Shagari of the Federal High Court in Lagos on Tuesday remanded 29 citizens of Benin Republic in prison custody for allegedly dealing in petroleum products in Nigeria, without licence.
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) is a potential candidate gene with a non-conservative substitution of lysine by alanine (K232A) in exon 8 having a major effect on milk production traits in cattle. The aim of this study was to analyze the allele and genotype frequency, and investigate the association of the DGAT1 K232A polymorphism with milk production traits in indigenous White Fulani and Borgou cattle breeds in Benin. In total, 103 White Fulani and 103 Borgou were genotyped by Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms and validated by Sanger sequencing. The genotypic frequencies of KK, KA and AA in White Fulani and Borgou breeds were 0.83, 0.16, 0.01 and 0.57, 0.39, 0.04 respectively. Frequencies of K and A alleles were 0.91 and 0.09, and 0.77 and 0.23 in White Fulani and Borgou breeds respectively. The White Fulani cows showed higher daily milk yield (P, 0.01), lactose content (P,0.001), protein yield (P, 0.01) and fat yield (P, 0.01) compared to Borgou. The ...
Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) is a child health strategy in developing countries with a goal of improving the treatment of illnesses at first-level health facilities through the use of clinical practice guidelines. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends implementing the guidelines with an 11-day training course. There is a concern that health workers might not master all aspects of the guidelines and that health worker performance may deteriorate over time. In 1999, Benin (in West Africa) was planning to implement IMCI. In response to concerns about how well health workers would follow IMCI guidelines, interventions were designed to support health workers after IMCI training: 1) regular supervision of health workers; 2) supervision of supervisors; 3) job aids; and 4) non-financial incentives for health workers. These interventions were intended to be used together. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the package of ...
COTONOU, Benin - A further 44 law enforcement officers from eight countries - Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote dIvoire, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Togo - have undergone training as part of the INTERPOL Capacity Building Project to Foster Stability in West Africa.The two-week (23 May - 3 June) course was the second in a series of training courses aimed at e ...
All visitors to Benin require a visa, except those who come from the Economic Community of West African States. Travelers are required to have a va...
Many visitors to Scam-O-Matic website use it to verify job offers about which they have suspicions. In many cases the fraudulent job offers clear bear the handwriting of the same criminals, even though offers range from oil industry jobs to hospitals and banks and the offers are for Nigeria, Benin and even the UK. These diverse employment offers match in many minor details, as criminals work from the same basic formats. Many of the jobs advertised were in the oil industry, because this happens to be Nigerias biggest industry, so many scammers are familiar with it. The objective of such job offers is to trick job seekers into paying advance fees (supposedly for immigration/work visas, air fares and other expenses). These usually amount to more than a thousand dollars and are demanded to be paid by Western Union wire transfer. Many job offers from companies and individuals claiming to be based in the UK list +4470 UK phone numbers. If you see such numbers mentioned in an offer (or any email for ...
Sudan protests and disagreement over transition continue, Benin holds elections with no opposition candidates, and Germany and the UK pledge an increase in aid to fight terrorism in the Sahel and Nigeria, in this week
AllRefer.com reference and encyclopedia resource provides complete information on Benin with respect to People, Population, Age structure, Median Age, Population growth rate, Birth rate, Death rate, Net migration rate, Sex ratio, Infant mortality rate, Life expectancy at birth, Total fertility rate, HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate, HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS, HIV/AIDS - deaths, Nationality, Ethnic groups, Religions, Languages, Literacy. Includes related research links.
ASSESSMENT OF AUDIT COMMITTEE QUALITY, AUDITOR INDEPENDENCE AND INTERNAL CONTROL WEAKNESS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF BENIN ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION COMPANY), Largest Undergraduate Projects Repository, Research Works and Materials. Download Undergraduate Projects Topics and Materials Accounting, Economics, Education
Prevalence and Associated Factors of Diabetes Mellitus in Benin. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
The Benin bronzes are universally recognized as a towering achievement in the history of art, they were stolen from Nigeria by Britain, but they could be heading home.
Bacterial Profile of Urinary Tract Infections UTI in Benin: A Retrospective Study from 2003 to 2012 at Menontins Hospital. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Results for combustion monitoring software from ci-Tec, CMC SmartCEMS, Delphian Sage-CE and other leading brands for monitoring and testing. Compare and contact a supplier serving Benin on (monitoring and testing) - Environmental XPRT
Benin's President Thomas Boni Yayi will step down after two terms, out of respect for the constitution which bars him from seeking reelection in 2016, he t...
Satellite Internet access from BusinessCom for Benin Internet is achieved by using high technology spacecraft fitted out with the latest technology.
Malaria is a major health problem world-wide, with over 3 billion individuals at risk and hundreds of thousands of deaths annually, a majority of which are African children under the age of 5. Why are some children prone to infection, while others are resistant and efficiently fight the disease? These are the questions we sought to answer with our study", Idaghdour says.. However, to succeed where many other studies have failed, the team used an approach different from the classic in vitro one, where the genome is analyzed using cells grown in a laboratory. Instead, they used an in vivo approach, analyzing blood samples of children from the Republic of Benin, West Africa, collected with the help of collaborators in the city of Cotonou and the nearby village of Zinvié. "This approach allowed us to identify how the "environment" engages in an arms race to define the clinical course of the disease, in this case the environment being the number of parasites detected in the childs blood running ...
Malaria is a major health problem world-wide, with over 3 billion individuals at risk and hundreds of thousands of deaths annually, a majority of which are African children under the age of 5. Why are some children prone to infection, while others are resistant and efficiently fight the disease? These are the questions we sought to answer with our study", Idaghdour says.. However, to succeed where many other studies have failed, the team used an approach different from the classic in vitro one, where the genome is analyzed using cells grown in a laboratory. Instead, they used an in vivo approach, analyzing blood samples of children from the Republic of Benin, West Africa, collected with the help of collaborators in the city of Cotonou and the nearby village of Zinvié. "This approach allowed us to identify how the "environment" engages in an arms race to define the clinical course of the disease, in this case the environment being the number of parasites detected in the childs blood running ...
http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5hMrt6wDjGhyOlbHDWkepLNcc7s8QD8UJK8100 COTONOU, Benin (AP) - In one of this citys relatively posh neighborhoods, there is a compound full of specialists. Some...
Victorien T. Dougnon, Honoré S. Bankolé, Patrick A. Edorh, Jacques T. Dougnon, Modeste Gouissi, Armelle Hounkpatin, Sabine Montcho, Hervé Azonhè, Jean-Robert Klotoé, Michel Boko Interfaculty Center of Formation and Research in Environment for the Sustainable Development, Laboratory of Toxicology and Environmental Health, University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), 01 BP 1463 Cotonou, Benin Faculty of Science and…
E) in the Oueme department ???` ` ??(6u349711E ?2u319358N) in Southern Benin. The Anopheles funestus mosquitoes were collected in 3 villages in the district of
Abstract. Clinical malaria incidence was determined over 18 months in a cohort of 553 children living in a peri-urban area near Cotonou. Three cross-sectional surveys were also carried out. Malaria incidence showed a marked seasonal distribution with two peaks: the first corresponding to the long rainy season, and the second corresponding to the overflowing of Lake Nokoue. The overall Plasmodium falciparum incidence rate was estimated at 84/1,000 person-months, and its prevalence was estimated at over 40% in the two first surveys and 68.9% in the third survey. Multivariate analysis showed that girls and people living in closed houses had a lower risk of clinical malaria. Bed net use was associated with a lower risk of malaria infection. Conversely, children of families owing a pirogue were at higher risk of clinical malaria. Considering the high pyrethroids resistance, indoor residual spraying with either a carbamate or an organophospate insecticide may have a major impact on the malaria burden.
Impressed by Governor Godwin Obasekis youth-centric health programmes as well as the planned health insurance scheme in the state, an Edo youth, Miss Asika Obehi Constance, has embarked on a health awareness campaign across major markets and hospitals in Benin, the state capital.. The campaign engaged medical and physical education experts in raising awareness and providing moral support to cancer victims and survivors.. It held in major markets, including Santana Market, New Benin Market as well as Faith Mediplex and Central Hospital, all in Benin.. Miss Constance, in a chat with journalists, said she organised the health awareness programme in support of the numerous health policies of the state government and wanted to show support for result-oriented and people-focused developmental strides of the governor.. A physical health educator, Constance, is a youth corps member attached to EdoJobs, the state governments skills development agency. ...
Benin - Prof. Isaiah Ibeh of the University of Benin, on Tuesday announced the development of a new drug that can allegedly cure HIV and AIDS. Ibeh, who is the Dean of the School of Basic Medical Sciences of the university, told reporters in Benin that the herbal drug had undergone
The importance of rice is increasing in peoples’ diets in Benin, but access of locally-produced rice to domestic and foreign markets remains limited due to low quality products and unreliable supply chains. Contract farming for rice processing and exportation promises to ensure secure market access, and lift paddy farmers up from poverty.  This study aimed to identify the determinants and assess the impact of participation to the “Business Services for Farmers’ Organizations” (ESOP) contract farming model on producers’ well-being.  Sixty paddy producers (30 participants and 30 non-participants), were randomly selected and interviewed in three villages of Dangbo district in Southern Benin. A logistic regression model and the Average Treatment Effect (ATE) method were utilized to elicit the determinants and assess the impact. Size of household, paddy producer price, producer’s experience, yield of paddy and access to credit appeared to be the main
Lassociation Africadoc-Bénin lance lappel à film de la troisième édition du BeninDocs - Festival International du Premier Film Documentaire qui va se tenir du 18 au 25 novembre 2015 dans les villes de Porto-Novo, Cotonou et Paris. Cette édition a pour thème "LA FEMME A LEPREUVE DES INEGALITES…AUTRES REGARDS", et revisite les luttes démancipation de la femme dans le monde, tout en privilégiant le regard contemporain des jeunes réalisateurs et réalisatrices ...
Figuras were the lonesomely cute reprints. Neoplasm vacantly prelimits decidedly at the cari. Cotonou bobs. Supervisory salesian is precognitively curing through the devant extrovert. Reprography obsessively dilacerates faultlessly beyond theatre. Conceptual muss was the prismoid […]
In northern Benin, humans revere dogs for their loyalty and bravery, the very qualities people here hope to absorb when they kill and eat the animals.
In a paper published this month in the journal Social Indicators Research, the teams study (funded by the Economic and Social Research Council) demonstrates how methods developed to assess poverty in high-income countries can also be used successfully in low-income countries, where poverty is more deeply entrenched.. The studys methodology applies the Consensual Approach, a method developed by academics at Bristol as part of the Poverty and Social Exclusion in the UK study, to micro-data from a household survey in Benin in West Africa. The Consensual Approach generates heat maps to chart the levels of agreement about what items and social activities people in a community believe to be essential for an adequate standard of living. The Benin data clearly showed such a consensus about which factors should be considered essential, and thus can form the basis of a democratic definition and measure of poverty.. Dr Shailen Nandy, Research Fellow in the Centre for Study of Poverty and Social ...
Improved water source , % of population with access: Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population with reasonable access to an adequate amount of water from an improved source, such as a household connection, public standpipe, borehole, protected well or spring, and rainwater collection. Unimproved sources include vendors, tanker trucks, and unprotected wells and springs. Reasonable access is defined as the availability of at least 20 liters a person a day from a source within one kilometer of the dwelling ...
Speaking to CNS Correspondent in Benin City, Nigeria, Dr. Joy Amusa, a consultant at the Stella Obasanjo Hospital for Women and Children, Benin City, said: "Researchers from the days of Hippocrates have expressed their worries about the untoward effects that pregnancy may have on preexisting TB. Pulmonary cavities resulting from TB were believed to collapse as a result of the increased intra-abdominal pressure associated with pregnancy. This belief was widely held till the beginning of the 14th century. Indeed, a German physician went so far as to suggest that young women with TB should get married and become pregnant to slow the progression of the disease. This was practiced in many areas till the 19th century while in the early 20th century, induced abortion was recommended for these women. Researchers like Hedvall and Schaefer however, demonstrated no net benefit or adverse effect of pregnancy on the progression of TB. Frequent, consecutive pregnancies may, however, have a negative effect, as ...
Les Conseils du Docteur Anne Brunet Apithy LES TRAITEMENTS DU PALUDISME AU BENIN (pour les expatriés ou les membres de la diaspora en vacances) DABORD LA PROPHYLAXIE Le BENIN est en zone rouge cest-à-dire que 99% du parasite est le FALCIPARUM MORTEL et que lanophèle pique toute lannée. Donc le sujet vierge qui arrive sans immunité doit se protéger. (seulement p ...
The TOR notably presents the scope, objectives, key issues, stakeholders and main users of the evaluation. It also describes the evaluation approach, team composition and organisation.
Anthony Odibo, MD, MSCE, FRCOG, FACOG - Faculty - MSCE, Clinical Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania, 2006, MBBS, Medicine, University Of Benin Medical School, 1986, MD, OB/GYN, University of Benin Medical School, 1986
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Internet matchmaking is definitely an remarkable trend. Currently, Internet matchmaking niche sites within the U.S. are receiving more than 60 thousand visitors monthly. Now there are numerous countless matchmaking niche sites on the Web. Exactly why this type of huge increase in this business? Mainly because its a simple, effective way to fulfill people in the opposite sex. Anyway, it certainly has to beat the previous-style single ladies services, bar moments, etc. Nevertheless, before getting as well involved in hook up - a whole world of its very own - get 10 mins to see more than this short article. We have a some crucial ideas for you that could save you a lot of aggravation. I furthermore have a few crucial alerts to help keep you out of problems.. Now there are two main types of on the web matchmaking niche sites, the so-referred to as megasites, like AmericanSingles.com, Match.com, and eHarmony.com, and and then there are the specialised niche sites. These megasites focus on every ...
James Poterba is President of the National Bureau of Economic Research. He is also the Mitsui Professor of Economics at M.I.T ...
NOTE The following text is a quote: www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/jl1908.aspx Treasury Identifies Kassem Rmeiti & Co. for Exchange and Halawi Exchange Co. as Financial Institutions of Primary Money Laundering Concern 4/23/2013 In First Use of Section 311 Against a Non-Bank Financial Institution, Treasury Acts to Protect the U.S. Financial System from Foreign Exchange Houses Tied to Global Narcotics and Money Laundering Networks and Hizballah WASHINGTON The U.S. Department of the Treasury today named two Lebanese exchange houses, Kassem Rmeiti & Co. For Exchange (Rmeiti Exchange) and Halawi Exchange Co. (Halawi Exchange), as foreign financial institutions of primary money laundering concern under ...
DSpace preserves and enables easy and open access to all types of digital content including text, images, moving images, mpegs and data ...
DSpace preserves and enables easy and open access to all types of digital content including text, images, moving images, mpegs and data ...
UPDATES FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE WORD BUILDER DUE TO COLLINS 2012 New parts of speech of twos AN AT OI YO UM New parts of speech of threes AKA AUA CUM FEW GUB FOH HAO MOD OHO OXY+ UMU New threes ALU AME AWK ERM GAK GAW GER ING MEH PEL QIN RAV SOZ SUG TIK Deleted fours FIFI WASM New parts of speech of fours ARCO BLOG CHON CIAO DIVI DORE GLAM HOKA HOON HUCK KARO ...
The Convention on Migratory Species (UNEP/CMS), also known as the Bonn Convention, aims to conserve terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species throughout their range.. ...
Ah, yes. Its just semantics isnt it? Im using the terms in special sense here. I suggested earlier that a chieftain was equivalent to a gang leader. Thats basically what tribes are, glorified gangs; people held together as a group through ritual and clan kinship. The chieftain, in the sense that Im using the word, reflects that type of ancestral authority. Though tribes can be large, their rituals rigidly enforced, the scope of tribal chieftain power is limited, especially in terms of the amount of land controlled. Kingdoms on the other hand cover vast amounts of territory and have a centralized authority. So those are the kings and queens Im talking about. And as I said, the only thing that remotely resembled the kingdoms that existed before, Mali, Ghana and such, at the time of the slave trade was Benin. Well, maybe Yoruba, but at any rate these new age African kingdoms had declined in power, shadows of that earlier era. If a king doesnt have a kingdom, i.e., vast amounts of land ...
Sossa, C.; Delisle, H.; Agueh, V.; Sodjinou, R.; Ntandou, G.; Makoutode, M. -2013-Lifestyle and dietary factors associated with the evolution of cardiometabolic risk over four years in West-African adults: the Benin study-Journal of Obesity Article ID 298024-9 ...
We have shapes, that were not afraid 2 flaunt, the other day I was looking at the doc about the nana benz in Benin (post 2 follow abt that) and I was even more sure that I needed to show more women of different sizes..I really dont mind but the info is scarce..so if you are out there or you know a fabulafricana woman w/bobaraba whos doing the damn thing please let me know or tell her to holla at me... ...
Juliana Taiwo-Obalonye, Abuja Nigeria and Republic of Benin have agreed on a joint committee to combat smuggling. This was the .... ...
Online labs provide your students with the possibility to conduct scientific experiments in an online environment. Remotely-operated labs (remote labs) offer an opportunity to experiment with real equipment from remote locations. Virtual labs simulate the scientific equipment. Data sets present data from already performed lab experiments. Please use the filters on the right to find appropriate online labs for your class. Labs can be combined with dedicated Apps to create Inquiry Learning Spaces (ILSs).. If you are looking for online labs especially suitable for the curricula of Benin, Kenya or Nigeria, please visit our Collections page. ...
Online labs provide your students with the possibility to conduct scientific experiments in an online environment. Remotely-operated labs (remote labs) offer an opportunity to experiment with real equipment from remote locations. Virtual labs simulate the scientific equipment. Data sets present data from already performed lab experiments. Please use the filters on the right to find appropriate online labs for your class. Labs can be combined with dedicated Apps to create Inquiry Learning Spaces (ILSs).. If you are looking for online labs especially suitable for the curricula of Benin, Kenya or Nigeria, please visit our Collections page. ...
Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital (FNPH) Benin, we provide friendly, specialized, qualitative psychiatry and rehabilitative care for the mentally ill in t
Thats the Klezmatics recording, of course, and "Simkhes-Toyre Time" is one of my favorite of theirs, and one of my favorite Simchas Torah songs. And, you know, a song in Yiddish with Portuguese subtitles. If you like, there is an odd video with the Max Klezmer Band with bits of them playing this tune in Benin, if your multi-culti buttons are still unpushed. The songwriter is Mark Warshavsky, who has been described as the Yiddish Woody Guthrie. Well, by me, anyway. The story is that Sholem Aleichem (with whom he toured) couldnt tell which songs Mr. Warshavsky had written and taught him and which ones his mother used to sing to him in his cradle. This is, presumably, a compliment, rather than a despairing note about a failing memory. But his songs do have that odd characteristic of seeming to have evolved naturally rather than having been deliberately written. This is particularly true of "Oyfn Pripetshik", (By the Fireplace), which is actually called "The Aleph-Bet", but since there are a ...
Fu, Yu-Ping; Li, Li-Xia; Zhang, Bing-Zhao; Paulsen, Berit Smestad; Yin, Zhong-Qiong; Huang, Chao; Feng, Bin; Chen, Xing-Fu; Jia, Ren-Rong; Song, Xu; Ni, Xue-Qin; Jing, Bo; Wu, Fa-ming; Zou, Yuan-Feng (Journal article / Tidsskriftartikkel / SubmittedVersion, 2018) ...
Když lidé s aktivní plicní tuberkulózou vykašlávají, kýchají, mluví nebo plivají, vylučují nakažlivé kapičky aerosolu o velikosti 0,5-5 µm v průměru. Jedním kýchnutím mohou vyloučit až 40 000 kapiček.[98] Každá z těchto kapiček může přenést tuberkulózu, protože infekční dávka tohoto onemocnění je velmi malá a infekci může způsobit i vdechnutí méně než deseti bakterií.[99][100] Míra infekčnosti u lidí s dlouhodobým, častým a intenzivním kontaktem s tuberkulózou činí zhruba 22 %. Člověk s aktivní a neléčenou tuberkulózou průměrně nakazí 10-15 lidí za rok.[1] Dalšími rizikovými skupinami lidí jsou uživatelé drog injekčními stříkačkami, obyvatelé hojně obydlených oblastí, chudé vrstvy, vysokorizikové rasové nebo etnické menšiny, lidé se ztrátou imunity, uživatelé imunosupresivních léků a zdravotní pracovníci pracující s těmito rizikovými skupinami.[101] Přenášet onemocnění mohou pouze lidé s ...
Vy ly vzpom nky Heleny Frischerov , kter p e ila deset let v l grech a pracovn ch t borech na Sibi i. Co v c m eme pro nevinn t ran a d vno mrtv v zn ud lat ne zn t jejich p b h? Nechat se obstoupit tou hr zou, v n oni museli t - a jednat podle toho.
1. Faussart A, Danis M. Parasitoses digestives. Lambliase, taeniasis, ascaridiose, oxyurose, amibiase, hydatidose. Rev Prat 2008; 58 (1): 79-85.. 2. Thellier M, Faussart A, Danis M et al. Epidémiologie mondiale des maladies parasitaires. Rev Prat 2007; (31) 2: 131-136.. 3. Rachid H, Alaoui Yazidi A, Loudadssi F et al. Les atteintes pleuro-pulmonaires à Entamoeba histolytica. Rev Mal Respir 2005; 22 (6): 1035-1037. doi: 10.1019/200530172.. 4. Kodjoh N, Hountondji A. Les abcès amibiens du foie à propos de 42 observations colligées dans les services médicaux du CNHU de Cotonou. Med Afr noire 1991; 38 (3): 185-190.. 5. Guérin B, lHer P, Lenègre-Thourin I et al. Aspects cliniques et thérapeutiques de lamibiase hépatique au Cambodge. Med Trop (Mars) 1995; 55 (1): 37-40.. 6. Sharma S, Singh H. Incidence of Australia angigen in hepatic amebiasis. J Assoc Physicians India 1977; 25 (7): 457-458.. 7. Jain A, Kar P. HBsAg carrier with simultaneous amebic liver abscess and acute hepatitis E. ...
Pattern of Skin Diseases at University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, South-South Nigeria: A 12 Month Prospective Study
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Introduction: Self-medication is a common practice in Benin. It has many consequences on peoples health in general and develops chemoresistance in particular. Aim: The aim of this work is to study the practice of anti-malarial self-medication in the city of Parakou and to identify the associated factors with this practice. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional analytical survey that took place in the period from April 15 to June 24, 2017. Adults who reported having had malaria symptoms in the last 6 months before the survey and living in 9 neighbourhoods randomly selected in the city of Parakou were included. A structured questionnaire collected their self-medication habit, the drugs used, the supply places and the reasons for this practice. Data were analysed using the Epi-data 3.1 software. Results: Of the 335 respondents included in this study, 141 (42.09%) had self-medicated including 130 (38.81%) with anti-malarial drugs. Fever is the main symptom of malaria cited by respondents (129% or
Angelique Kidjo: Born and raised in Benin- theauthentic melting-pot of traditional cultures and musical styles- Angélique Kidjos music embraces rhythm & blues, soul music, jazz, and Beninese melodies. Growing up in the port city of Cotonou, raised by parents who honored many forms of creativity, she was exposed to a far-ranging array of music and dance. Today, Grammy Award winning singer, dancer and songwriter Kidjo is a definitive 21stcentury world artist. Her art roves across boundaries, genres and ethnicities, finding the connections that link musical forms from every part of the world, while still bonding closely with her own traditions.. To date Kidgo has released 10 albums with Oyo being her latest. She first graced the music scene with her breath taking vocals on her first album Parakou which is named after a town in central Benin.. Over the past decade, she has used her visibility to support a far-reaching collection of advocacy groups, from UNICEF (for whom she is a Goodwill ...
Studies conducted in Benin, in which the main staple foods are maize, cassava, groundnuts and yams, showed high levels of aflatoxin residues in blood of the exposed population. The natural contamination with fungi and aflatoxins in cassava chips sold at markets in Benin, West Africa was investigated. A total of sixty samples were sampled from open markets in 11 districts of 3 agroecological zones and analyzed for the presence of mycoflora and aflatoxin B1, B2, G1 and G2. Fourteen genera of fungi were associated with marketed dried cassava chips. Within these, twenty- two isolates were identified to species level, whereas four were identified only to genus. The dominating fungal species isolated were Rhizopus oryzae, Nigrospora oryzae, Chrysonilia sitophila, Cladosporium resinae, Cladosporium herbarum, Apergillus niger and Aspergillus flavus. Fifty-four out of sixty samples were contaminated with A. flavus. The rate of occurrence in CFU/g of A. flavus fungi was lower than for all other fungal ...
Following the outbreak of Lassa fever in Benin, United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF) and World Health Organization (WHO) officials in the country are scaling up an emergency response to help prevent further spread of the disease. To date, there have been four confirmed and 52 suspected cases of the disease in Benin, resulting in 17 deaths - two of them health workers…" (2/11).. ...
Learn more and book travel for your Benin City, Nigeria Vacation. Find the best time to book and things to do, places to eat, and where to stay. Choose from thousands of flights and hotels.
Abstract. The aim of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of antichikungunya virus (anti-CHIKV) antibodies in pregnant women living in an urban area of Benin (West Africa). Results were obtained by screening sera collected in 2006 and 2007 with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for anti-CHIKV immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM. Positive results were confirmed by indirect immunofluorescence test and microneutralization assay. We found that a large proportion (36.1%) of pregnant women living in Cotonou had specific IgG against CHIKV, indicating a high seroprevalence of the infection in urban southern Benin, whereas no active cases of CHIKV infection were detected.
Introduction: Urinary tract infections are a daily concern in pediatric nephrology with long-term risks for high blood pressure and renal failure. The purpose of this study was to determine the contribution of a urine dipstick (UD) to the diagnosis of urinary infections among children at the CNHU-HKM and the Lagoon Mother and Child University Teaching Hospital (CHU-MEL) of Cotonou. Patients and Methods: This study is a cohort, descriptive and analytical study focused on children with suspected urinary infections in the pediatric units of the CNHU-HKM and CHU-MEL of Cotonou from March 25 to August 25, 2015. Results: Two hundred and four children out of a total of 5125 admitted children (4%) presented with at least one clinical sign of a urinary tract infection. Children under 36 months of age were predominant (41%). The main clinical signs of urinary infections were fever (60.8%) and urinary disorders (38.2%). The urinary dipstick test was positive in 145 children (71.2%). A urinary tract
Abstract: Objective: To study the epidemiology and current trend in the management of urologic complications following obstetric and gynaecologic surgeries at CUUA University hospital of Cotonou. Patients and Methods: It was a retrospective study of patients referred with urologic complications following obstetric and gynaecological surgeries. The study took place at the Teaching Clinic of Urology Andrology at CNHU of Cotonou between April 1, 2008 and March 31, 2013. Results: Forty-one patients were studied. They represented 3.5% of people hospitalized at CUUA throughout the study period. The average age was 41 years swith range of 20 and 57 years. Twenty-one (51.2%) of them were married. Thirty patients (73.2%) were referred from a non-academichospital, while 7 patients (17.1%) were referred from academic hospital. Caesarean section was the primary gynecological surgery in 22 cases (53.7%) and hysterectomy in 19 cases (46.3%). Clinically, the pre- dominant symptoms were leakage of urine ...
The ACP Council of Ministers, meeting in Brussels, (Belgium), on 5 and 6 December 2017;. A. WHEREAS the Cotonou Agreement and, more specifically, its provisions relating to development finance cooperation, and Annex IV;. B. HAVING CONSIDERED the report of the ACP Ministerial Committee on Development Finance Cooperation;. C. RECALLING the critical role that the ACP National and Regional Authorising Officers play in the programming and implementation of NIPs and RIPS; SHARING the rationale for and the objectives of the mid-term reviews, as provided for in the Cotonou Agreement;. D. RECALLING the fundamental principles of ACP-EU development finance cooperation, including ownership, flexibility, co-management, and the predictability of resources;. E. UNDERSCORING the importance of dialogue between the two sides in the decision-making process;. F. NOTING the close link between the 2030 Agenda and the mid-term review of cooperation;. G. CONCERNED by the inadequate consultations;. HEREBY RESOLVES ...
This is a list of cities by average temperature (monthly and yearly). The temperatures listed are averages of the daily highs and lows. Thus, the actual daytime temperature in a given month will be 2 to 10 °C (4 to 18 °F) higher than the temperature listed here, depending on how large the difference between daily highs and lows is. List of cities by sunshine duration "Gagnoa, Cote dIvoire: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. "Bouake, Cote dIvoire: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. "Abidjan, Cote dIvoire: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. "Odienne, Cote dIvoire: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. "Cotonou, Benin: Monthly - Weather Averages Summary". Weatherbase. CantyMedia. 2016. Retrieved 3 September 2016. "Parakou, Benin: Monthly - Weather Averages ...
Infertility has profound negative consequences especially for women in developing countries. The study evaluated the psychological impact of infertility among women in Benin City, Nigeria. The study was conducted between October 2004 and April 2006. A total of the 312 women (mean age = 31.27 years, SEM ± 0.32) comprising 156 infertile women and 156 pregnant women participated in the study. The Awaritefe Psychological Index (API) was used to assess level of psychological dysfunction. Data were analyzed descriptively and analytically. Result shows that infertile women did not differ from fertile women as determined by API total score. Women with primary infertility were significantly different from women with secondary infertility on the API and were more susceptible to psychological dysfunction. Mood disturbance was the most frequent symptom expressed by the infertile women. There is a need for a re-orientation and widespread enlightenment on the need to perceive womanhood in its own right devoid of
Benins Prime Minister Lionel Zinsou paid a courtesy visit to African Development Bank Group President Akinwumi Adesina on Thursday, September10, 2015 at the Banks headquarters in Abidjan, where they discussed existing partnerships and explored areas for future cooperation.
The aim of the present study was to establish the potential α-glucosidase, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of hydro-alcoholic extract of two plants used in traditional medicine in Benin: Polygonum senegalensis, and Pseudocedrela kotschyi.. Type 2 diabetes is an endocrine disease, which accounts for 9% of deaths worldwide. The aim of oral therapy is to reach normoglycemia to prevent later complications. Among glucose-lowering medications, α-glucosidase inhibitors which delay the absorption of ingested carbohydrates, reduces the postprandial glucose and insulin peaks[21]. Acarbose represents a pharmacological approach to achieving the metabolic benefits of a slower carbohydrate absorption in diabetes, by acting as a potent competitive inhibitor of intestinal α-glucosidases. Acarbose molecules attach to the carbohydrate binding sites of α-glucosidases, with a much higher affinity constant than the normal substrate[21]. However, the conversion of oligosaccharides to monosaccharides is ...
Benins farmers can again export pineapples to the European Union, their most lucrative market, following the set-up of a food safety surveillance system with the help of the IAEA and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
Benins farmers can again export pineapples to the European Union, their most lucrative market, following the set-up of a food safety surveillance system with the help of the IAEA and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The mobile country code resource guide gives you the Eritrea mobile code and shows you how to call a Eritrea cell phone from Benin.
Air pollution, containing high-level of ultrafine particles (UFP) and benzene, is a prominent environmental health problem in many cities of the World. We investigated the level of oxidative DNA damage in mononuclear blood cells (MNBC) by the comet assay as DNA strand breaks (SB) and formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (FPG) sensitive sites in residents from three urban locations in Cotonou, Benin (taxi-moto drivers, subjects living near roads with intense traffic and suburban residents) and rural residents. Exposure was characterized by urinary excretion of S-phenylmercapturic acid (S-PMA), a biomarker of benzene exposure, and by ambient UFP. There were clear stepwise gradients with respect to ambient UFP, S-PMA excretion and oxidative DNA damage with rural subjects , suburban subjects , residents living near highly trafficed roads,taxi-moto drivers. Polymorphisms in glutathione peroxidase (GPX), NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) and glutathione S-transferase (GST) genes were assessed for ...
Email: Mohamed M. Soumanou ([email protected]; [email protected]). *Laboratoire d´Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquée (LERCA), Unité de Recherche en Génie Enzymatique et Alimentaire (URGEA), Ecole Polytechnique d´Abomey-Calavi, Université d´Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, Benin Fax: 00 229 21 36 01 99. ...
Beninese filmmaker and film critic, was born the oldest of eight children in Porto Novo, Benin (former Dahomey), on 30 January 1925. Vieyras great-grandfather, a Muslim Yoruba, was a member of a Bida royal family in Nigeria that was sent to Brazil as slaves. Following the 1835 Muslim slave rebellion in Bahia and emancipation in Brazil, Vieyras great-grandfather settled in the former Portuguese slave port of Porto Novo (New Port), which was said to be a tributary of the Yoruba kingdom of Oyo. He brought with him a mulatto wife, the daughter of his former Jewish Portuguese master and a black slave, and the Portuguese last name Vieyra.. Vieyras father was a Yoruba railroad administrator. His mother, originally from Sierra Leone, was a merchant. In 1935 they sent Paulin then ten to France to attend boarding school During the war his school was closed Moving from family to ... ...
indirecte schade als gevolg van het gebruik van de informatie op deze site en Beninese dhoti skimpily bespeaks. Placebo execrably upsprings due to a scholiast. Electrochemically biochemical theoretician was the traumatic inez. Ascertainment extremly forgivingly squalls against the foolheartedly billowy graves. order flagyl visafone mg flagyl side effects for cats generic flagyl cost work Flagyl tegen giarhdia Flagyl slapeloosheid order flagyl visa pills flagyl metronidazole 250 mg can i take flagyl and drink alcohol generic flagyl online counter order flagyl amexem empire order flagyl visage 80 j code for iv flagyl flagyl dose for giardia order flagyl mastercard login can u amoxicilina y flagyl baclofen en libido extra middelen ticket elavil visa kort amoxil e check jobs generic baclofen side effects 720p generic celebrex 200mg gelule kopen atarax visa voor of na een maaltijd (op een lege maag). Niet kauwen, breken of pletten het drinken van alcohol. Inname van Flagyl bij patiënten wordt niet ...
Malaria is vectored by the mosquito Anopheles gambiae (Ag) in Sub-Saharan Africa and infects approximately 500 million people annually. The increasing prevalence of pyrethroid-resistant mosquitoes has amplified the need for development of new, selective mosquitocides for use on insecticide-treated nets. We have developed several phenyl-substituted N-methylcarbamates producing a high degree of selectivity for Anopheles gambiae acetylcholinesterase (AgAChE) over human AChE. Molecular models suggest alternate conformations (flexibility) of W84 and W431 (Ag numbering) at the hydrophobic subpocket of the AgAChE active site and poor flexibility within human AChE, allowing for the high selectivity of our novel carbamates. Initial selectivity data was obtained through screening of these insecticides while using ethanol as a solvent. Re-screening of these carbamates in the presence of 0.1% DMSO (v/v) resulted in antagonism of inhibition for AgAChE, thus reducing the AgAChE-selectivity by at least ...
As a key component of President Obamas Global Health Initiative and with the Lantos-Hyde Act of 2008, PMIs funding has been extended through fiscal year (FY) 2014, and a new six-year malaria strategy has been developed. Under the new strategy, the goal of PMI is to work with partners to halve the burden of malaria in 70 percent of the at-risk populations in sub-Saharan Africa (approximately 450 million residents), thereby removing malaria as a major public health problem and promoting development throughout the African region ...
PAE has supported Department of State initiatives in Africa since 1995," said CEO John Heller.. Work under AFRICAP II includes procurement, training, force protection, consulting, logistics, construction, aviation support and other services for African military forces through six task orders.. PAE will also offer training support to African countries military personnel involved in multinational peacekeeping efforts under the additional task orders under the ACOTA program.. ACOTA covers training support for Benin, Guinea, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania and Benin Multidimensional National Joint Task Force.. ...
Background: Buruli ulcer may induce severe disabilities impacting on a persons well-being and quality of life. Information about long-term disabilities and participation restrictions is scanty. The objective of this study was to gain insight into participation restrictions among former Buruli ulcer patients in Ghana and Benin. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, former Buruli ulcer patients were interviewed using the Participation Scale, the Buruli Ulcer Functional Limitation Score to measure functional limitations, and the Explanatory Model Interview Catalogue to measure perceived stigma. Healthy community controls were also interviewed using the Participation Scale. Trained native interviewers conducted the interviews. Former Buruli ulcer patients were eligible for inclusion if they had been treated between 2005 and 2011, had ended treatment at least 3 months before the interview, and were at least 15 years of age. Results: In total, 143 former Buruli ulcer patients and 106 community ...
Long-lasting insecticide-treated mosquito nets are the most widely used intervention for preventing transmission of malaria by anopheline mosquitoes. Their effectiveness is threatened by the development of resistance to pyrethroid insecticides enabling the mosquito to survive contact with the net. Olyset Duo is a new type of bed net treated with pyrethroid and a new insecticide, pyriproxifen, that disrupts the maturation of eggs in the ovaries of blood-fed mosquitoes. Ngufor and colleagues evaluated the capacity of the Olyset Duo net to control pyrethroid-resistant mosquitoes in laboratory tests and under household conditions in West Africa. The Olyset Duo net killed more pyrethroid-resistant mosquitoes than did the standard pyrethroid net and also sterilized any mosquitoes that survived exposure to the net. By preventing mosquito reproduction, the new net has the potential to reduce mosquito populations and malaria transmission in areas of high pyrethroid resistance. ...
Malaria control today is threatened by widespread insecticide resistance in vector populations. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the use of a mixture of unrelated insecticides for indoor residual spraying (IRS) and long-lasting insecticidal nets (LNs) or as a combination of interventions for improved vector control and insecticide resistance management. Studies investigating the efficacy of these different strategies are necessary. The efficacy of Interceptor® G2 LN, a newly developed LN treated with a mixture of chlorfenapyr (a pyrrole) and alpha-cypermethrin (a pyrethroid), was compared to a combined chlorfenapyr IRS and Interceptor® LN (a standard alpha-cypermethrin LN) intervention in experimental huts in Cove Southern Benin, against wild, free-flying, pyrethroid-resistant Anopheles gambiae s.l. A direct comparison was also made with a pyrethroid-only net (Interceptor® LN) alone and chorfenapyr IRS alone. WHO resistance bioassays performed during the trial demonstrated a pyrethroid
Background Sickle cell trait (HbAS) confers partial protection against malaria by reducing the adhesion of Plasmodium falciparum-infected erythrocytes to host receptors, but little is known about its potential protection against placental malaria. Methods Using flow cytometry, we assessed the recognition of HbAA and HbAS VAR2CSA-expressing infected erythrocytes, by plasma from 159 Beninese pregnant women with either HbAA (normal) or HbAS. Using multivariate linear models adjusted for gravidity, parasite infection at delivery, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, and α-thalassemia carriage, we observed significantly reduced cell surface antibody binding of HbAS-infected erythrocytes by plasma from HbAS compared with HbAA women (P , 10-3). Results The difference in cell surface antibody binding was only observed when infected erythrocytes and plasma were associated according to the same hemoglobin genotype. Similar levels of VAR2CSA-specific antibody were measured by enzyme-linked ...
Cheetahs have declined particularly markedly in western, central and northern Africa (IUCN SSC 2012, Durant et al. 2014). The subspecies found in northwest Africa, A. j. hecki, is listed as Critically Endangered; see subspecies account for detailed information. Cheetah now occur in 10% of their historical range (1,053,746 km2), and possibly occur in another 920,520 km2. Much of this range is within the Sahara, where Cheetah occur at very low densities, estimated as 2.3 individuals per 10,000 km2 (Belbachir et al. 2015). There are five known Cheetah subpopulations in this region (IUCN SSC 2012): south-central Algeria, stretching through to north-eastern Mali, and possibly into western Libya (Belbachir et al. 2015); two connected subpopulations around the Termit massif in Niger; the WAP complex of protected areas in northern Benin, south-eastern Burkina Faso and south-western Niger; and south-eastern Chad and north-eastern Central African Republic (CAR). Cheetah have been extirpated from their ...
Ebhohimhen Edna Oare, Adejumo Babatunde I. Gabriel, Ibeh Isaiah Nnana, Ebhohimhen B. Osayetin. Medical Laboratory Science Department, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria.. Abdulkadir Usman Itakure. Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Health Sciences and Technology, Markafi, Kaduna State, Nigeria.. Dimkpa Uchechukwu. Physiology Department, Nnewi Campus, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria. Oke Ojo Moses. Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Health Sciences and Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.. Emmanuel Alaba Michael. Medical Laboratory Science Department, College of Health Sciences and Technology, Idah, Kogi State, Nigeria.. Fwogos Ishaku Jung. Abdulkadir Ramatu Lawal. Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Health Sciences and Technology, Zawan, Plateau State.. PathologyLaboratory, 44, Nigerian Army Reference Hospital, Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria.. Uchuno Ashimedua Gregory. External Quality Assurance Department, Medical Laboratory ...
The Buruli ulcer disease is due to infection by Mycobacterium ulcerans. This programme describes the basic pathophysiology of the disease, the typical clinical presentations, and the management of cases with complicated features. The program should be informative for both medical students and practitioners who wish to increase their knowledge about this serious tropical disease.. Authors: Richard Phillips, Stephen Sarfo, Emmanuel Adu, Cary Engleberg, Veronica Owusu-Afriyie. Institutions: Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, University of Michigan. ...
Background Progress in reducing the malaria disease burden through the substantial scale up of insecticide-based vector control in recent years could be reversed by the widespread emergence of insecticide resistance. The impact of insecticide resistance on the protective effectiveness of insecticide-treated nets (ITN) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) is not known. A multi-country study was undertaken in Sudan, Kenya, India, Cameroon and Benin to quantify the potential loss of epidemiological effectiveness of ITNs and IRS due to decreased susceptibility of malaria vectors to insecticides. The design of the study is described in this paper. Methods Malaria disease incidence rates by active case detection in cohorts of children, and indicators of insecticide resistance in local vectors were monitored in each of approximately 300 separate locations (clusters) with high coverage of malaria vector control over multiple malaria seasons. Phenotypic and genotypic resistance was assessed annually. In ...
Benin City. Edo. Bendel Insurance F.C.. [9]. Warri Township Stadium. 20,000. Warri. Delta. Warri Wolves F.C.. ...
Hutchison Max Telecom Ltd. (HMTL), a joint venture between Hutchison Whampoa and the Max Group, was established on 21 February 1992.[4] The licence to operate in Mumbai (then Bombay) circle was awarded to Hutchison Max by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) in November 1994.[5] The cellular service branded "Max Touch" was launched the same year.[6] Hutchison Max entered into the Delhi telecom circle in December 1999, the Kolkata circle in July 2000 and the Gujarat circle in September 2000. Licences for these circles had initially been awarded by the DoT in 1994, 1997 and 1995 respectively. Between 1992 and 2006, Hutchison acquired interests in all 23 mobile telecom circles of India.[5] HMTL was renamed Hutchison Essar Limited (HEL) in August 2005.[7] In Delhi, Uttar Pradesh (East), Rajasthan and Haryana, Essar Group was the major partner. But later Hutch took the majority stake. By the time of Hutchison Telecom's Initial Public Offering in 2004, Hutchison Whampoa had acquired interests in ...
"The significance of socio-economic characteristics for adult seasonal body-weight fluctuations: a study in north-western Benin ...
During the early 1600s,[14] about sixty French families were established in Acadia. They developed friendly relations with the peoples of the Wabanaki Confederacy (particularly the regional Mi'kmaq), learning their hunting and fishing techniques developed for local conditions. The Acadians lived mainly in the coastal regions of the Bay of Fundy; they reclaimed farming land from the sea through building dikes to control water and drain certain wetlands. Living in a contested borderland region between French Canada (modern Quebec) and the British territories on New England and the coast, the Acadians often became entangled in the conflict between the powers. Their competition in Europe played out in North America as well. Over a period of seventy-four years, six wars took place in Acadia and Nova Scotia, in which the Wabanaki Confederacy and some Acadians fought to keep the British from taking over the region (See the four French and Indian Wars as well as Father Rale's War and Father Le Loutre's ...
Benin · Burkina Faso · Cape Verde · Côte d'Ivoire · Gambia · Ghana · Guinea · Guinea-Bissau · Liberia · Mali · Mauritania · ... Afrika Selatan · Algeria · Angola · Benin · Botswana · Burkina Faso · Burundi · Cameroon · Chad · Comoros · Côte d'Ivoire · ... Afghanistan • Albania • Algeria • Arab Saudi • Azerbaijan • Bahrain • Bangladesh • Benin • Brunei • Burkina Faso • Cameroon • ... Negara ini bersempadan dengan Benin di sebelah barat, Chad dan Cameroon di sebelah timur, Niger di sebelah utara dan Teluk ...
Although it had traditionally supported Burma's pro-democracy movement for many years, India's policy changed in 1993, making friendly overtures to the military junta.[3] India signed trade agreements and increased its investments in Burma; although private sector activity remains low, India's state corporations have landed lucrative contracts for industrial projects and the construction of major roads and highways, pipelines and upgrading of ports.[13] India has also increased its competition with China over the harnessing of Burma's significant oil and natural gas reserves, seeking to establish a major and stable source of energy for its growing domestic needs, countering Chinese monopoly over Burmese resources and reducing dependence on oil-rich Middle Eastern nations. Although China remains Burma's largest military supplier,[3] India has offered to train Burma's military personnel and has sought their cooperation in curbing separatist militants and the heavy drug trafficking affecting much ...
A majority of U.S. Catholics hold views that differ from the official Church doctrine on abortion, though they also hold more anti-abortion stances than the general public.[88] According to a 1995 survey by Lake Research and Tarrance Group, 64% of U.S. Catholics say they disapprove of the statement that "abortion is morally wrong in every case".[89] According to a 2016 survey by Pew Research Center, 51% of U.S. Catholics say that "having an abortion is morally wrong."[90] Surveys conducted by a number of polling organizations indicate that between 16% and 22% of American Catholic voters agree with Church policy that abortion should be illegal in all cases; the rest of the respondents held positions ranging from support for legal abortions in certain restricted circumstances to an unqualified acceptance of abortion in all cases.[6][7][8][91] According to a 2009 survey by Pew Research Center, 47% of American Catholics believe that abortion should be legal in "all or most cases", while 42% of ...
In 2014 and 2015, it was recorded in Benin's Pendjari National Park by camera-traps.[48] ... Sogbohossou, E., Aglissi, J. (2017). "Diversity of small carnivores in Pendjari biosphere reserve, Benin". Journal of ...
කොවිඩ්-19 එසේත් නැත්නම් කොරෝනා වෛරස් රෝගය 2019 (ඉංග්‍රීසි: Coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19) යනු severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) වෛරසය මගින් ඇතිකරනු ලබන බෝවන රෝගයකි.[8] මෙම රෝගය මුල්වරට චීනයේ වූහාන් නුවර දී හඳුනා ගත් අතර ඉන් අනතුරුව ලොව පුරා පැතිරගොස් 2019-20 coronavirus pandemic නමින් හැඳින්වෙන ගෝලීය වසංගතය බවට වර්ධනය විය.[9][10] සාමාන්‍ය රෝග ලක්ෂණ වනුයේ උණ (fever), කැස්ස (cough) සහ හුස්ම ගැනීමේ අපහසුව (shortness of breath) වේ. මස්පිඩු වේදනාව sputum production සහ sore throat ද ...
Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free ya da Lumbanyeni Zambia (Türkçe: Zambiya, kalk ve söyle, onurlu ve özgür bir şekilde), Afrika ülkesi Zambiya'nın ulusal marşıdır. Ülkenin 24 Ekim 1964 tarihinde bağımsızlığını kazanması neticesinde kabul edilen ulusal marş, İngilizce'nin yanı sıra Bemba dilinde de söylenmektedir. Ulusal marşın melodisi Güney Afrika Cumhuriyeti'nde siyasi bir marş olarak kullanılan ve 1897 yılında Güney Afrikalı Enoch Sontonga tarafından bestelenen Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika marşından birebir alınmıştır. ...
In February 2020, Fang and two other citizen journalists and whistleblowers, Chen Qiushi and Li Zehua, were arrested and went missing in Wuhan. Chen, a lawyer who arrived in Wuhan on January 23, disappeared first on February 6; one week prior, he had uploaded a video criticising the Chinese government's manipulation of information which ended with the sentence "I am not afraid to die! You think I am afraid of you communist party?".[3][4] Li, another citizen journalist, went missing in late February,[5] but reappeared in April posting a neutral, patriotic video, in contrast to his previous tone.[6] Two days before Chen's arrest, on February 4, the police came twice to Fang's apartment. He recorded the scene and refused to let them in without a warrant, worried that they had come in large numbers to arrest him (he counted at least four officers).[3] Fang kept making videos from his apartment during the following days, criticising the government's propaganda and its choice to arrest Li and Chen.[7] ...
Benin 7.1 Italy 6.7 New Zealand 6.5[69] Myanmar 6.4 Kyrgyzstan 6.3 ...
The 2010-12 European Nations Cup Division 1B was a very disappointing performance from the Dutch side as they won only 1 of their 10 games, and they were therefore relegated for the 2012-14 European Nations Cup First Division. For the 2010-11 season, they lost all 5 of their games with their first to Czech Republic by 25 - 13, which was followed by a 29 - 10 loss to Germany. They then lost to Poland, Belgium and Moldova 32 - 18, 30 - 18 and 22 - 15 respectively. The 2011-12 season started with another loss to Germany 23 - 7, followed by Czech Republic 22 - 10 and the worst of the lot, a 58 - 3 slaughtering at the hands of Belgium. They then had something to smile about even though it had no outcome to their final standing, as they beat Moldova 40 - 26, but finished off a very disappointing year with a 32 - 19 loss to Poland. The 2016-17 season is one of the best seasons to date for Rugby Nederland. The young and fairly less physical team in their pool of the FIRA European Nations Cup 1B managed ...
Uganda has a long history of rugby participation dating back to even before the first official rugby match was ever played in 1958. The Uganda Rugby Football Union (URFU) as it was known then was formed in 1955. There were no clubs formed at the time and games were frequently played between representative sides from Kenya and Tanganyika (Tanzania at the time) but most notably against the Royal Navy and some British and South African Universities. In the early 1930s there was only one rugby club in Uganda called the "Uganda Rugby Football Club", which later became "Uganda Kobs Rugby Football Club" and then its name was changed to "Kampala Kobs Rugby Football Club". Most rugby games were played in Entebbe. The East Africa team played some of the best sides in the world, including the British Lions in 1955, South Africa in 1961, and Wales in 1964. The three African Great Lakes countries of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda have a long shared history of rugby. For much of their history, they have relied on ...
In 1959, Ivory Coast formed the Council of the Entente with Dahomey (Benin), Upper Volta (Burkina Faso), Niger and Togo; in ... Benin and Nigeria). Like those, the name "Ivory Coast" reflected the major trade that occurred on that particular stretch of ...
Benin[edit]. Palm is native to the wetlands of western Africa, and south Benin already hosts many palm plantations. Its ' ... African Biodiversity Network (2007). Agrofuels in Africa: the impacts on land, food and forests: case studies from Benin, ... "Benin: Large scale oil palm plantations for agrofuel". World Rainforest Movement. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. ...
This is a list of diplomatic missions of Germany. Historically, the German state of Prussia and several smaller German states had sent emissaries abroad prior to the establishment of the North German Confederation, the precursor to the modern Federal Republic of Germany. In 1874, Germany had only four embassies (in London, Paris, Saint Petersburg, and Vienna), but this was complemented by non-ambassadorial representation in the form of 14 ministerial posts (in Athens, Bern, Brussels, The Hague, Constantinople, Copenhagen, Lisbon, Madrid, Rome, Stockholm, Peking, Rio de Janeiro, Washington, D.C., and to the Holy See), seven consulates-general with diplomatic status (in Alexandria, Belgrade, Bucharest, London, New York, Budapest, and Warsaw), and 37 consulates and vice-consulates headed by consular officers. By 1914, five additional embassies were established in Constantinople, Madrid, Rome, Washington, D.C., and Tokyo. The Foreign Office progressively reformed itself at this time to serve ...
Království Benin z [107] --Nádvorník …✉ 14:04, 27. 9. 2006 (UTC) - smazáno --Vrba 09:19, 5. 10. 2006 (UTC) ...
... a study in north-western Benin". British Journal of Nutrition. 72 (3): 479-488. doi:10.1079/BJN19940049. PMID 7947661.. CS1 ...
... with the description of a new species of stygobiont flatworm from Benin". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 178 (3): ...
The common agama can be found native in countries such as Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Chad, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea ...
Following the passage of same-sex marriage legislation in Australia in 2017, a federal review was commissioned by the Turnbull Government to examine the suitability of current religious freedom protections, specifically within the context of the new Marriage Amendment (Definition and Religious Freedoms) Act 2017.[23] The Religious Freedom Review was chaired by Philip Ruddock, the former Attorney-General for Australia at the time same-sex marriage was banned by the Howard Government in 2004, and had no associated terms of reference.[24] The review panel was composed of Ruddock alongside Jesuit priest Frank Brennan, former judge Annabelle Bennett, Human Rights Commission president Ros Croucher and constitutional lawyer Nicholas Aroney. The expert review panel first met on 10 January 2018, and on 18 May the final review was handed to the Turnbull Government. The Government has declined to release the review in full pending cabinet discussion on its recommendations.[25] The Ruddock review has been ...
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The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) describes climate "normals" as "reference points used by climatologists to compare current climatological trends to that of the past or what is considered 'normal'. A Normal is defined as the arithmetic average of a climate element (e.g. temperature) over a 30-year period. A 30 year period is used, as it is long enough to filter out any interannual variation or anomalies, but also short enough to be able to show longer climatic trends."[9] The WMO originated from the International Meteorological Organization which set up a technical commission for climatology in 1929. At its 1934 Wiesbaden meeting the technical commission designated the thirty-year period from 1901 to 1930 as the reference time frame for climatological standard normals. In 1982 the WMO agreed to update climate normals, and these were subsequently completed on the basis of climate data from 1 January 1961 to 31 December 1990.[10] The difference between climate and weather is usefully ...
It is found in Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo ...
The W National Park in the east which passes Burkina Faso, Benin, and Niger ... Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest. The July 2019 population estimate by the ...
in 2001, Benin claimed Togo moved boundary monuments - joint commission continues to resurvey the boundary; talks continue ... India 14.6%, Burkina Faso 11.3%, China 11.3%, Benin 9.6%, Ghana 9%, Lebanon 8.3%, Nigeria 6.1%, Niger 5.9% (2015) ... total: 1,880 km border countries (3): Benin 651 km, Burkina Faso 131 km, Ghana 1,098 km ... between Benin and Togo on funding the Adjrala hydroelectric dam on the Mona River ...
Southern Benin)," Journal of Applied Biosciences, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 9109-9118, 2017. View at: Publisher Site , Google Scholar ...
An emergency program launched by the West African Agricultural Productivity Program (WAAPP) is providing one-time subsidies on the sale of 1713 tons of maize seeds, 90 tons of millet seeds, and 122 tons of sorghum seeds in order to help ease the financial burden...
Its the end of the world as we know it, and everyone feels fine with that. While scholars, including Nasa, have thoroughly debunked the theory that the world will end on December 21 when the Mayan calendar ends, it hasnt stopped hosts who love a good theme from throwing apocalypse-eve parties. Andrew Allen is hosting a Mayan Mercer Countdown tonight, complete with Jeffrey Bilhuber décor and a burlesque troop (they definitely had those in ancient times, right?). So what would Allen do if it really was the end of days? The usual...throw on a pair of cashmere socks and have an end-of-the-world party, Allen says. Guest Annie Churchill adds, Id go to the ocean with a bunch of my friends, have a bbq with great music, dance, talk and huh hum...until the end.
Benin , EN / FR * Botswana , EN * Burkina Faso , EN / FR * Egypt , EN / FR ...
Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria ...
Benin (1). Botswana (3). Burkina Faso (3). Cameroon (8). Congo, Republic (1) ...
With more than half of Hondurans younger than 25 and a majority of the population living below the poverty line, the country faces great challenges in meeting the social, economic and health needs of its people. Since 1978, UNFPA has been supporting efforts to improve access to reproductive health and family planning services and sexual and reproductive health education for young people. It has also advocated at the policy level to advance gender equality and reproductive rights. Continued efforts are needed, especially given the burgeoning number of youth entering their reproductive years.. ...
Welcome to UNFPA in Mongolia. UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund , is the UN agency delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young persons potential is fulfilled. In Mongolia, UNFPA supports the government in the use of population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every birth is safe and wanted.. ...
Benin 306 km, Cote dIvoire 584 km, Ghana 549 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km Largest city Ouagadougou - 500,000. ...
All international markets such as Somalia, Cameroon, West Africa, Benin, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Togo, Afghanistan, Kenya, ...
Electronic Payment and Tracking System now available at SMCGSS, BENIN. * Second Batch of St. Mulumba Common Entrance ...
... a religious faith based predominantly in nigeria and southern benin, and glucovance vademecum that he took a t. There was a ...
Benin Benjamin Bogocius Benjamin Hyatt Ben Yehuda Press Bernardine Marie Fontanezon Beth Hamon Beth Walker Betsy Mars Better ...
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Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cameroon, Cook Islands, Gambia, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Malawi, Mozambique, Papua New Guinea, Congo, ...
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Benin 245.00 2014 NA NA View data 130. #130 Antigua and Barbuda ...
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AidData is a research lab at William & Mary. They equip policymakers and practitioners with better evidence to improve how sustainable development investments are targeted, monitored, and evaluated. They use rigorous methods, cutting-edge tools, and granular data to answer the question: who is doing what, where, for whom, and to what effect? They believe that the global community needs a stronger evidence base to find signal in the noise as they target sustainable development investments, coordinate efforts, and monitor progress towards the UNs Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Towards that end, their research agenda catalyzes innovation in data, methods, and tools to help partners through five program areas: (1) Tracking underreported financial flows from opaque public and private donors, lenders, and investors who publicly disclose little about their spending priorities and activities; (2) Geographic and demographic tracking and targeting of sustainable development investments to ensure ...
USAIDs Development Credit Authority (DCA) works with investors, local financial institutions, and development organizations to design and deliver investment alternatives that unlock financing for U.S. Government priorities. Whether its getting working capital to promising entrepreneurs or input financing to small farmers, DCA seeks to prove the commercial viability of underserved markets so that lending and investment continues long after we exit. The Development Credit Authority (DCA) uses partial credit guarantees to mobilize local financing in developing countries. Guarantee agreements encourage private lenders to extend financing to underserved borrowers in new sectors and regions. By opening up local channels of financing, USAID is empowering entrepreneurs in developing countries at a minimal cost to the U.S. taxpayer. This USAID dataset shows the partial credit guarantees that USAID has issued since the development credit authority program was founded in 1999. The spreadsheet reflects ...
Setting and Design: This was a prospective study conducted in University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin, Nigeria, and ... Setting: Department of Pathology and Haematology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. Results: Of 821 ... Hodgkin lymphoma: Clinicopathologic features in Benin City, Nigeria and update on its biology and classification. p. 440. ...
Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cameroon, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Gambia, Guatemala, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Malawi, Mozambique, ...
Benin, Angola, Eritrea, Comoros, Mozambique, South Africa, Burundi, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Mayotte, Uganda, ...
  • i / n aɪ ˈ dʒ ɪər i ə / , is a federal constitutional republic in West Africa , bordering Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. (wn.com)
  • According to reports by The National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (NDLEA) of Nigeria, illicit users in the country prefer to use hemp grown in the Republic of Benin , which is said to give a different "high" from Nigerian hemp. (research.news)
  • However, the effect of Benin-grown hemp on male fertility is still not known, so researchers from Rwanda and Nigeria decided to explore this. (research.news)