Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Chronic Pain: Aching sensation that persists for more than a few months. It may or may not be associated with trauma or disease, and may persist after the initial injury has healed. Its localization, character, and timing are more vague than with acute pain.Pain Management: A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.Pain Threshold: Amount of stimulation required before the sensation of pain is experienced.Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.Low Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.Back Pain: Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Neck Pain: Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.Pain, Intractable: Persistent pain that is refractory to some or all forms of treatment.Pelvic Pain: Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin and of organic or psychogenic etiology. Frequent causes of pain are distension or contraction of hollow viscera, rapid stretching of the capsule of a solid organ, chemical irritation, tissue ischemia, and neuritis secondary to inflammatory, neoplastic, or fibrotic processes in adjacent organs. (Kase, Weingold & Gershenson: Principles and Practice of Clinical Gynecology, 2d ed, pp479-508)Pain Perception: The process by which PAIN is recognized and interpreted by the brain.Facial Pain: Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.Acute Pain: Intensely discomforting, distressful, or agonizing sensation associated with trauma or disease, with well-defined location, character, and timing.Pain, Referred: A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.Shoulder Pain: Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.Musculoskeletal Pain: Discomfort stemming from muscles, LIGAMENTS, tendons, and bones.Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Nociceptive Pain: Dull or sharp aching pain caused by stimulated NOCICEPTORS due to tissue injury, inflammation or diseases. It can be divided into somatic or tissue pain and VISCERAL PAIN.Neuralgia: Intense or aching pain that occurs along the course or distribution of a peripheral or cranial nerve.Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Myofascial Pain Syndromes: Muscular pain in numerous body regions that can be reproduced by pressure on TRIGGER POINTS, localized hardenings in skeletal muscle tissue. Pain is referred to a location distant from the trigger points. A prime example is the TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DYSFUNCTION SYNDROME.Hyperalgesia: An increased sensation of pain or discomfort produced by mimimally noxious stimuli due to damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve.Complex Regional Pain Syndromes: Conditions characterized by pain involving an extremity or other body region, HYPERESTHESIA, and localized autonomic dysfunction following injury to soft tissue or nerve. The pain is usually associated with ERYTHEMA; SKIN TEMPERATURE changes, abnormal sudomotor activity (i.e., changes in sweating due to altered sympathetic innervation) or edema. The degree of pain and other manifestations is out of proportion to that expected from the inciting event. Two subtypes of this condition have been described: type I; (REFLEX SYMPATHETIC DYSTROPHY) and type II; (CAUSALGIA). (From Pain 1995 Oct;63(1):127-33)Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Visceral Pain: Pain originating from internal organs (VISCERA) associated with autonomic phenomena (PALLOR; SWEATING; NAUSEA; and VOMITING). It often becomes a REFERRED PAIN.Arthralgia: Pain in the joint.Analgesia: Methods of PAIN relief that may be used with or in place of ANALGESICS.Labor Pain: Pain associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR in CHILDBIRTH. It is caused primarily by UTERINE CONTRACTION as well as pressure on the CERVIX; BLADDER; and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Labor pain mostly occurs in the ABDOMEN; the GROIN; and the BACK.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Nociceptors: Peripheral AFFERENT NEURONS which are sensitive to injuries or pain, usually caused by extreme thermal exposures, mechanical forces, or other noxious stimuli. Their cell bodies reside in the DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA. Their peripheral terminals (NERVE ENDINGS) innervate target tissues and transduce noxious stimuli via axons to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Fibromyalgia: A common nonarticular rheumatic syndrome characterized by myalgia and multiple points of focal muscle tenderness to palpation (trigger points). Muscle pain is typically aggravated by inactivity or exposure to cold. This condition is often associated with general symptoms, such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, stiffness, HEADACHES, and occasionally DEPRESSION. There is significant overlap between fibromyalgia and the chronic fatigue syndrome (FATIGUE SYNDROME, CHRONIC). Fibromyalgia may arise as a primary or secondary disease process. It is most frequent in females aged 20 to 50 years. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1494-95)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Anesthetics, Local: Drugs that block nerve conduction when applied locally to nerve tissue in appropriate concentrations. They act on any part of the nervous system and on every type of nerve fiber. In contact with a nerve trunk, these anesthetics can cause both sensory and motor paralysis in the innervated area. Their action is completely reversible. (From Gilman AG, et. al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 8th ed) Nearly all local anesthetics act by reducing the tendency of voltage-dependent sodium channels to activate.Food, Genetically Modified: Food derived from genetically modified organisms (ORGANISMS, GENETICALLY MODIFIED).Catastrophization: Cognitive and emotional processes encompassing magnification of pain-related stimuli, feelings of helplessness, and a generally pessimistic orientation.Flank Pain: Pain emanating from below the RIBS and above the ILIUM.Eye Pain: A dull or sharp painful sensation associated with the outer or inner structures of the eyeball, having different causes.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Morphine: The principal alkaloid in opium and the prototype opiate analgesic and narcotic. Morphine has widespread effects in the central nervous system and on smooth muscle.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Analgesics, Non-Narcotic: A subclass of analgesic agents that typically do not bind to OPIOID RECEPTORS and are not addictive. Many non-narcotic analgesics are offered as NONPRESCRIPTION DRUGS.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Injections, Spinal: Introduction of therapeutic agents into the spinal region using a needle and syringe.Sciatica: A condition characterized by pain radiating from the back into the buttock and posterior/lateral aspects of the leg. Sciatica may be a manifestation of SCIATIC NEUROPATHY; RADICULOPATHY (involving the SPINAL NERVE ROOTS; L4, L5, S1, or S2, often associated with INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT); or lesions of the CAUDA EQUINA.Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.Lidocaine: A local anesthetic and cardiac depressant used as an antiarrhythmia agent. Its actions are more intense and its effects more prolonged than those of PROCAINE but its duration of action is shorter than that of BUPIVACAINE or PRILOCAINE.Nerve Block: Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.Osteoarthritis, Knee: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Nociception: Sensing of noxious mechanical, thermal or chemical stimuli by NOCICEPTORS. It is the sensory component of visceral and tissue pain (NOCICEPTIVE PAIN).Physical Therapy Modalities: Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Spinal Nerves: The 31 paired peripheral nerves formed by the union of the dorsal and ventral spinal roots from each spinal cord segment. The spinal nerve plexuses and the spinal roots are also included.Phantom Limb: Perception of painful and nonpainful phantom sensations that occur following the complete or partial loss of a limb. The majority of individuals with an amputated extremity will experience the impression that the limb is still present, and in many cases, painful. (From Neurol Clin 1998 Nov;16(4):919-36; Brain 1998 Sep;121(Pt 9):1603-30)Musculoskeletal Diseases: Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.Trigeminal Neuralgia: A syndrome characterized by recurrent episodes of excruciating pain lasting several seconds or longer in the sensory distribution of the TRIGEMINAL NERVE. Pain may be initiated by stimulation of trigger points on the face, lips, or gums or by movement of facial muscles or chewing. Associated conditions include MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, vascular anomalies, ANEURYSMS, and neoplasms. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p187)Temporomandibular Joint Disorders: A variety of conditions affecting the anatomic and functional characteristics of the temporomandibular joint. Factors contributing to the complexity of temporomandibular diseases are its relation to dentition and mastication and the symptomatic effects in other areas which account for referred pain to the joint and the difficulties in applying traditional diagnostic procedures to temporomandibular joint pathology where tissue is rarely obtained and x-rays are often inadequate or nonspecific. Common diseases are developmental abnormalities, trauma, subluxation, luxation, arthritis, and neoplasia. (From Thoma's Oral Pathology, 6th ed, pp577-600)Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Radiculopathy: Disease involving a spinal nerve root (see SPINAL NERVE ROOTS) which may result from compression related to INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; SPINAL CORD INJURIES; SPINAL DISEASES; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations include radicular pain, weakness, and sensory loss referable to structures innervated by the involved nerve root.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Peripheral Nervous System Diseases: Diseases of the peripheral nerves external to the brain and spinal cord, which includes diseases of the nerve roots, ganglia, plexi, autonomic nerves, sensory nerves, and motor nerves.Spinal Cord: A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation: The use of specifically placed small electrodes to deliver electrical impulses across the SKIN to relieve PAIN. It is used less frequently to produce ANESTHESIA.Acupuncture Analgesia: Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.Tramadol: A narcotic analgesic proposed for severe pain. It may be habituating.Intervertebral Disc Displacement: An INTERVERTEBRAL DISC in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through surrounding fibrocartilage. This occurs most frequently in the lower lumbar region.Lumbosacral Region: Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.Oxycodone: A semisynthetic derivative of CODEINE.Cyclohexanecarboxylic AcidsBupivacaine: A widely used local anesthetic agent.Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal: Anti-inflammatory agents that are non-steroidal in nature. In addition to anti-inflammatory actions, they have analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions.They act by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins by inhibiting cyclooxygenase, which converts arachidonic acid to cyclic endoperoxides, precursors of prostaglandins. Inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis accounts for their analgesic, antipyretic, and platelet-inhibitory actions; other mechanisms may contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Osteoarthritis: A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.Headache: The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.Injections, Intra-Articular: Methods of delivering drugs into a joint space.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Analgesia, Patient-Controlled: Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Facial Neuralgia: Neuralgic syndromes which feature chronic or recurrent FACIAL PAIN as the primary manifestation of disease. Disorders of the trigeminal and facial nerves are frequently associated with these conditions.Exercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Acupuncture Therapy: Treatment of disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians. The placement varies with the disease being treated. It is sometimes used in conjunction with heat, moxibustion, acupressure, or electric stimulation.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Ganglia, Spinal: Sensory ganglia located on the dorsal spinal roots within the vertebral column. The spinal ganglion cells are pseudounipolar. The single primary branch bifurcates sending a peripheral process to carry sensory information from the periphery and a central branch which relays that information to the spinal cord or brain.Palliative Care: Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)Injections, Epidural: The injection of drugs, most often analgesics, into the spinal canal without puncturing the dura mater.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Fentanyl: A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Zygapophyseal Joint: The joint that occurs between facets of the interior and superior articular processes of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Anesthesia, Local: A blocking of nerve conduction to a specific area by an injection of an anesthetic agent.Posterior Horn Cells: Neurons in the SPINAL CORD DORSAL HORN whose cell bodies and processes are confined entirely to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. They receive collateral or direct terminations of dorsal root fibers. They send their axons either directly to ANTERIOR HORN CELLS or to the WHITE MATTER ascending and descending longitudinal fibers.Hypesthesia: Absent or reduced sensitivity to cutaneous stimulation.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome: A symptom complex consisting of pain, muscle tenderness, clicking in the joint, and limitation or alteration of mandibular movement. The symptoms are subjective and manifested primarily in the masticatory muscles rather than the temporomandibular joint itself. Etiologic factors are uncertain but include occlusal dysharmony and psychophysiologic factors.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Analgesia, Epidural: The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy: A syndrome characterized by severe burning pain in an extremity accompanied by sudomotor, vasomotor, and trophic changes in bone without an associated specific nerve injury. This condition is most often precipitated by trauma to soft tissue or nerve complexes. The skin over the affected region is usually erythematous and demonstrates hypersensitivity to tactile stimuli and erythema. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1360; Pain 1995 Oct;63(1):127-33)Spinal DiseasesElectric Stimulation Therapy: Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Dysmenorrhea: Painful menstruation.Paresthesia: Subjective cutaneous sensations (e.g., cold, warmth, tingling, pressure, etc.) that are experienced spontaneously in the absence of stimulation.Causalgia: A complex regional pain syndrome characterized by burning pain and marked sensitivity to touch (HYPERESTHESIA) in the distribution of an injured peripheral nerve. Autonomic dysfunction in the form of sudomotor (i.e., sympathetic innervation to sweat glands), vasomotor, and trophic skin changes may also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1359)Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Manipulation, Spinal: Adjustment and manipulation of the vertebral column.Single-Blind Method: A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.Hyperesthesia: Increased sensitivity to cutaneous stimulation due to a diminished threshold or an increased response to stimuli.Thermosensing: The sensation of cold, heat, coolness, and warmth as detected by THERMORECEPTORS.Illness Behavior: Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.Pelvic Girdle Pain: Discomfort associated with the bones that make up the pelvic girdle. It occurs frequently during pregnancy.Massage: The systematic and methodical manipulations of body tissues best performed with the hands for the purpose of affecting the nervous and muscular systems and the general circulation.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Joint DiseasesRisk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Neuralgia, Postherpetic: Pain in nerves, frequently involving facial SKIN, resulting from the activation the latent varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). The two forms of the condition preceding the pain are HERPES ZOSTER OTICUS; and HERPES ZOSTER OPHTHALMICUS. Following the healing of the rashes and blisters, the pain sometimes persists.Sensory Receptor Cells: Specialized afferent neurons capable of transducing sensory stimuli into NERVE IMPULSES to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Sometimes sensory receptors for external stimuli are called exteroceptors; for internal stimuli are called interoceptors and proprioceptors.Ketorolac: A pyrrolizine carboxylic acid derivative structurally related to INDOMETHACIN. It is an NSAID and is used principally for its analgesic activity. (From Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 31st ed)Opioid-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from abuse or mis-use of opioids.Intervertebral Disc: Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Whiplash Injuries: Hyperextension injury to the neck, often the result of being struck from behind by a fast-moving vehicle, in an automobile accident. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Sciatic Neuropathy: Disease or damage involving the SCIATIC NERVE, which divides into the PERONEAL NERVE and TIBIAL NERVE (see also PERONEAL NEUROPATHIES and TIBIAL NEUROPATHY). Clinical manifestations may include SCIATICA or pain localized to the hip, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of posterior thigh muscles and muscles innervated by the peroneal and tibial nerves, and sensory loss involving the lateral and posterior thigh, posterior and lateral leg, and sole of the foot. The sciatic nerve may be affected by trauma; ISCHEMIA; COLLAGEN DISEASES; and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1363)Amines: A group of compounds derived from ammonia by substituting organic radicals for the hydrogens. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Osteoarthritis, Hip: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the hip joint which usually appears in late middle or old age. It is characterized by growth or maturational disturbances in the femoral neck and head, as well as acetabular dysplasia. A dominant symptom is pain on weight-bearing or motion.Capsaicin: An alkylamide found in CAPSICUM that acts at TRPV CATION CHANNELS.Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.Cervical Vertebrae: The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Freund's Adjuvant: An antigen solution emulsified in mineral oil. The complete form is made up of killed, dried mycobacteria, usually M. tuberculosis, suspended in the oil phase. It is effective in stimulating cell-mediated immunity (IMMUNITY, CELLULAR) and potentiates the production of certain IMMUNOGLOBULINS in some animals. The incomplete form does not contain mycobacteria.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Acetaminophen: Analgesic antipyretic derivative of acetanilide. It has weak anti-inflammatory properties and is used as a common analgesic, but may cause liver, blood cell, and kidney damage.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Sacroiliac Joint: The immovable joint formed by the lateral surfaces of the SACRUM and ILIUM.Heel: The back (or posterior) of the FOOT in PRIMATES, found behind the ANKLE and distal to the TOES.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Central Nervous System Sensitization: An increased response to stimulation that is mediated by amplification of signaling in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM (CNS).Formaldehyde: A highly reactive aldehyde gas formed by oxidation or incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons. In solution, it has a wide range of uses: in the manufacture of resins and textiles, as a disinfectant, and as a laboratory fixative or preservative. Formaldehyde solution (formalin) is considered a hazardous compound, and its vapor toxic. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p717)Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Musculoskeletal Manipulations: Various manipulations of body tissues, muscles and bones by hands or equipment to improve health and circulation, relieve fatigue, promote healing.Abdomen, Acute: A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.Exostoses: Benign hypertrophy that projects outward from the surface of bone, often containing a cartilaginous component.Spinal Nerve Roots: Paired bundles of NERVE FIBERS entering and leaving the SPINAL CORD at each segment. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots join to form the mixed segmental spinal nerves. The dorsal roots are generally afferent, formed by the central projections of the spinal (dorsal root) ganglia sensory cells, and the ventral roots are efferent, comprising the axons of spinal motor and PREGANGLIONIC AUTONOMIC FIBERS.Cumulative Trauma Disorders: Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Glomus Tympanicum: A highly vascular ovoid body of chemoreceptive tissue lying adjacent to the TYMPANIC CAVITY. It is derived from NEURAL CREST tissue and is considered part of the diffuse neuroendocrine system. It is the site of a rare neoplasm called a GLOMUS TYMPANICUM TUMOR.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Shoulder: Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.Foot Diseases: Anatomical and functional disorders affecting the foot.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Fatigue: The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.Somatosensory Disorders: Disorders of sensory information received from superficial and deep regions of the body. The somatosensory system conveys neural impulses which pertain to proprioception, tactile sensation, thermal sensation, pressure sensation, and pain. PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; and BRAIN DISEASES may be associated with impaired or abnormal somatic sensation.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Prilocaine: A local anesthetic that is similar pharmacologically to LIDOCAINE. Currently, it is used most often for infiltration anesthesia in dentistry.Bone Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer located in bone tissue or specific BONES.TRPV Cation Channels: A subgroup of TRP cation channels named after vanilloid receptor. They are very sensitive to TEMPERATURE and hot spicy food and CAPSAICIN. They have the TRP domain and ANKYRIN repeats. Selectivity for CALCIUM over SODIUM ranges from 3 to 100 fold.Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.Hypnosis: A state of increased receptivity to suggestion and direction, initially induced by the influence of another person.Sensation: The process in which specialized SENSORY RECEPTOR CELLS transduce peripheral stimuli (physical or chemical) into NERVE IMPULSES which are then transmitted to the various sensory centers in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Afferent Pathways: Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center.ArthritisSpinal Stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal canal.Dyspareunia: Recurrent genital pain occurring during, before, or after SEXUAL INTERCOURSE in either the male or the female.Autonomic Nerve Block: Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.Spinal Cord Injuries: Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Inflammation: A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.Knee: A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.Herpesvirus 1, Human: The type species of SIMPLEXVIRUS causing most forms of non-genital herpes simplex in humans. Primary infection occurs mainly in infants and young children and then the virus becomes latent in the dorsal root ganglion. It then is periodically reactivated throughout life causing mostly benign conditions.Chiropractic: An occupational discipline founded by D.D. Palmer in the 1890's based on the relationship of the spine to health and disease.Nerve Fibers, Unmyelinated: A class of nerve fibers as defined by their nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the unmyelinated nerve fibers are small in diameter and usually several are surrounded by a single MYELIN SHEATH. They conduct low-velocity impulses, and represent the majority of peripheral sensory and autonomic fibers, but are also found in the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Migraine Disorders: A class of disabling primary headache disorders, characterized by recurrent unilateral pulsatile headaches. The two major subtypes are common migraine (without aura) and classic migraine (with aura or neurological symptoms). (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A disorder with chronic or recurrent colonic symptoms without a clearcut etiology. This condition is characterized by chronic or recurrent ABDOMINAL PAIN, bloating, MUCUS in FECES, and an erratic disturbance of DEFECATION.Shoulder Joint: The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Lifting: Moving or bringing something from a lower level to a higher one. The concept encompasses biomechanic stresses resulting from work done in transferring objects from one plane to another as well as the effects of varying techniques of patient handling and transfer.Analgesia, Obstetrical: The elimination of PAIN, without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, during OBSTETRIC LABOR; OBSTETRIC DELIVERY; or the POSTPARTUM PERIOD, usually through the administration of ANALGESICS.Needles: Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.Trigeminal Nerve Diseases: Diseases of the trigeminal nerve or its nuclei, which are located in the pons and medulla. The nerve is composed of three divisions: ophthalmic, maxillary, and mandibular, which provide sensory innervation to structures of the face, sinuses, and portions of the cranial vault. The mandibular nerve also innervates muscles of mastication. Clinical features include loss of facial and intra-oral sensation and weakness of jaw closure. Common conditions affecting the nerve include brain stem ischemia, INFRATENTORIAL NEOPLASMS, and TRIGEMINAL NEURALGIA.Amitriptyline: Tricyclic antidepressant with anticholinergic and sedative properties. It appears to prevent the re-uptake of norepinephrine and serotonin at nerve terminals, thus potentiating the action of these neurotransmitters. Amitriptyline also appears to antagonize cholinergic and alpha-1 adrenergic responses to bioactive amines.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Trigeminal Nerve: The 5th and largest cranial nerve. The trigeminal nerve is a mixed motor and sensory nerve. The larger sensory part forms the ophthalmic, mandibular, and maxillary nerves which carry afferents sensitive to external or internal stimuli from the skin, muscles, and joints of the face and mouth and from the teeth. Most of these fibers originate from cells of the TRIGEMINAL GANGLION and project to the TRIGEMINAL NUCLEUS of the brain stem. The smaller motor part arises from the brain stem trigeminal motor nucleus and innervates the muscles of mastication.Diskectomy: Excision, in part or whole, of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. The most common indication is disk displacement or herniation. In addition to standard surgical removal, it can be performed by percutaneous diskectomy (DISKECTOMY, PERCUTANEOUS) or by laparoscopic diskectomy, the former being the more common.Touch: Sensation of making physical contact with objects, animate or inanimate. Tactile stimuli are detected by MECHANORECEPTORS in the skin and mucous membranes.Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Injections: Introduction of substances into the body using a needle and syringe.
New daily persistent headache
Levy, Dan (2009). "Migraine pain, meningeal inflammation, and mast cells". Current Pain and Headache Reports. 13 (3): 237-40. ... In 1986, Vanast was the first author to describe the new daily-persistent headache (NDPH) as a benign form of chronic daily ... The pain is usually on both sides of the head (in 88-93% of people with NDPH), but may be unilateral, and may be localized to ... The pain can be intermittent, but lasts more than 3 months. Headache onset is abrupt and people often remember the date, ...
Side effects include irregular periods, benign ovarian cysts, pelvic pain, and depression. Rarely uterine perforation may ... Cramping and pain: many women feel discomfort or pain during and immediately after insertion. Some women may have cramping for ... benign ovarian cysts, transient risk of PID, uterine perforation (rare). Intrauterine device (IUD) with progestogen, sold under ... Most of these follicles are asymptomatic, although some may be accompanied by pelvic pain or dyspareunia. In most cases the ...
Bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain may be more prominent features in severe disease. The severity of abdominal pain with UC ... People with proctitis or left-sided colitis usually have a more benign course: only 15% progress proximally with their disease ... Abdominal pain, diarrhea mixed with blood, weight loss, fever, anemia. Complications. Megacolon, inflammation of the eye, ... Uveitis can cause blurred vision and eye pain, especially when exposed to light (photophobia). Untreated, uveitis can lead to ...
There have been occasional cases of associated cancer. Management is with warm compresses and pain relievers, most commonly ... Mondor's disease is self-limiting and generally benign. A cause is often not identified, but when found includes trauma, ... Patients with this disease often have abrupt onset of superficial pain, with possible swelling and redness of a limited area of ...
Salivary gland - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pain is also frequently brought on by bending the foot and toes up towards the shin. The pain typically comes on ... Complications from ESWT are rare and typically benign when present. Known complications of ESWT include the development of ... Bilateral heel pain or heel pain in the context of a systemic illness may indicate a need for a more in-depth diagnostic ... Plantar fasciitis is a disorder of the connective tissue which supports the arch of the foot. It results in pain in the heel ...
Back pain is a common medical condition, generally benign in origin. The central feature of the human back is the vertebral ... Back pain is the second most common type of pain in adults (the most common being headaches). By far the most common cause of ... The back muscles can usually heal themselves within a couple of weeks, but the pain can be intense and debilitating. Other ... The back comprises interconnecting nerves, bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons, all of which can be a source of pain. ...
Our Lady of Piat
The most common symptom is pain that can be relieved with over the counter pain medication in the beginning. After the benign ... Although, in some cases the pain level remains the same for years, and regular NSAIDs intake keeps the pain at bay. The tumor ... The most common symptoms of an Osteoid Osteoma are: dull pain that escalates to severe at night OR slight pain, rising to ... Pain may be relieved by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Treatment varies based on the health of the patient. If he/she is ...
The pain lasts from one minute to 24 hours with severe intensity, or as long as 72 hours with mild intensity. Its occurrence is ... These headaches are often benign, but should be evaluated by a clinician to rule out intracranial hemorrhage and cerebral ... For other patients, the pain appears to be specifically activated by sexual excitement and contraction of facial and neck ... doi:10.1046/j.1526-4610.1996.3603154.x. Medscape: Etiology of Coital Headaches Dexter, S. (2010). "Benign coital headache ...
2000). "Chest pain in asbestos-exposed individuals with benign pleural and parenchymal disease". American Journal of ... Benign asbestos pleural effusion is an exudative pleural effusion (a buildup of fluid between the two pleural layers) following ... 2011). "Chest pain in asbestos and silica-exposed workers". Occupational Medicine. 61: 178-183. CS1 maint: Explicit use of et ... An association between pleural plaques and chest pain has been reported, but this has not been confirmed in more recent studies ...
Insect bites and stings
These bites are sometimes misdiagnosed as other types of benign or cancerous lesions. The reaction to a sting is of three types ... Bites from mosquitoes and fleas are more likely to cause itching than pain. The skin reaction to insect bites and stings ... The normal reaction involves the area around the bite with redness, itchiness, and pain. A large local reaction occurs when the ... List of biting or stinging arthropods Spider bite Insect bite relief stick Schmidt Sting Pain Index Bee sting Allergy Allen, ...
... can sometimes cause severe, untreatable pain over time. Other than surgery and/or pain management, there are no ... Although schwannomas are benign they become detrimental when the growing tumor compresses the nerve. Schwannomas on sensory ... Any tumor-associated pain usually subsides after tumor removal. Damaged nerves and scar tissue can be a result of surgery and ... Chronic pain, and sometimes numbness, tingling and weakness. About 1/3 of patients have segmental schwannomatosis, which means ...
Patients with this disease often have abrupt onset of superficial pain, with possible swelling and redness of a limited area of ... Mondor's disease is self-limiting and generally benign. A cause is often not identified, but when found includes trauma, ... Management is with warm compresses and pain relievers, most commonly NSAIDS such as ibuprofen. When thrombophlebitis affects ...
Just as in adults, most headaches are benign, but when head pain is accompanied with other symptoms such as speech problems, ... because it lacks pain receptors. However, several areas of the head and neck do have pain receptors and can thus sense pain. ... Temporomandibular jaw pain (chronic pain in the jaw joint), and cervicogenic headache (headache caused by pain in muscles of ... Headache is the symptom of pain anywhere in the region of the head or neck. It occurs in migraines (sharp, or throbbing pains ...
The most typical symptoms of ovarian cancer include bloating, abdominal or pelvic pain or discomfort, back pain, irregular ... Benign fibromas are associated with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome. Industrialized nations, with the exception of Japan, ... This helps to determine if an ovarian mass is benign or malignant. Ovarian cancer's early stages (I/II) are difficult to ... A germ cell tumor may be initially mistaken for a benign ovarian cyst. Dysgerminoma accounts for 35% of ovarian cancer in young ...
Most polyps are benign and do not need to be removed. Polyps larger than 1 cm with co-occurring gallstones occurring in people ... usually abdominal pain. Most small polyps (less than 1 cm) are not cancerous and may remain unchanged for ... Karlsen TH, Schrumpf E, Boberg KM (2008). "Gallbladder polyps in primary sclerosing cholangitis: not so benign". Current ... These cholesterol polyps account for most benign gallbladder polyps. Adenomyomatosis describes a diseased ...
Side effects include irregular periods, benign ovarian cysts, pelvic pain, and depression. Rarely uterine perforation may ... Cramping and pain: many women feel discomfort or pain during and immediately after insertion. Some women may have cramping for ... Most of these follicles are asymptomatic, although some may be accompanied by pelvic pain or dyspareunia. In most cases the ... Lopez, LM; Bernholc, A; Zeng, Y; Allen, RH; Bartz, D; O'Brien, PA; Hubacher, D (29 July 2015). "Interventions for pain with ...
The typically benign odontogenic tumor known as ameloblastoma was first recognized in 1827 by Cusack but did not yet have any ... Patients typically present with swelling with or without pain. The slow-growing tumor predominantly arises in long bones in a ... Benign osteofibrous dysplasia may be a precursor of adamantinoma or a regressive phase of adamantinoma. Histologically, islands ...
It is a benign tumor. When the bone tumor grows on other bone it is known as "homoplastic osteoma"; when it grows on other ... Larger craniofacial osteomata may cause facial pain, headache, and infection due to obstructed nasofrontal ducts. Often, ... tissue it is called "heteroplastic osteoma". Osteoma represents the most common benign neoplasm of the nose and paranasal ...
"The cholecystokinin antagonist proglumide enhances the analgesic efficacy of morphine in humans with chronic benign pain". ... This can make it a useful adjuvant treatment to use alongside opioid drugs in the treatment of chronic pain conditions such as ... When injected secretly, it does not have any effect, whereas standard pain drugs have an effect, even if they are administered ... Proglumide also works as a placebo effect amplifier for pain conditions. When injected visibly to a subject, its analgesic ...
It has been studied for use in treating chronic pelvic pain syndrome and benign prostatic hyperplasia. Mepartricin is estrogen ... Mepartricin significantly improves pelvic pain and quality of life compared with the results in placebo group after two months ... is effective drug in the treatment of patients with chronic pelvic pain syndrome and is referred in 2015 World Journal ... "Therapeutic Intervention for Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CP/ CPPS): A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis ...
PTCs are generally benign, but may, on rare occasions, give rise to borderline tumors and malignancies. Smaller lesions can be ... Larger lesions may reach 20 or more cm in diameter and become symptomatic exerting pressure and pain symptoms in the lower ... Large cysts can lead to torsion of the adnexa inflicting acute pain. Prior to surgery, PTCs are usually seen on ultrasonography ...
Thomas Morgan (deist)
Pain is a frequent symptom and the bone can have the appearance of dripping candle wax. Melorheostosis is a mesenchymal ... It is also associated with a benign inner ear dysplasia known as osteosclerosis. It is not known if LEMD3 mutations can cause ... Melorheostosis can be associated with pain, physical deformity, skin and circulation problems, contractures, and functional ...
Although generally benign, the cyst must be removed if the patient exhibits difficulty in breathing or swallowing, or if the ... Some patients will have neck or throat pain, or dysphagia. The persistent duct or sinus can promote oral secretions, which may ... pain can occur. There may be difficulty breathing, dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), or dyspepsia (discomfort in the upper ...
In cancers elsewhere in the body, three malignant properties differentiate benign tumors from malignant forms of cancer: benign ... Kahn, Kevin; Finkel, Alan (June 2014). "It IS a tumor -- current review of headache and brain tumor". Current Pain and Headache ... Tumors of the meninges are meningiomas and are often benign. Brain matterEdit. The brains of humans and other vertebrates are ... Benign brain tumors often show up as hypodense (darker than brain tissue) mass lesions on CT scans. On MRI, they appear either ...
See also: Benign prostatic hyperplasia § 5α-Reductase inhibitors. The 5α-reductase inhibitors finasteride and dutasteride are ... William Ledger; William D. Schlaff; Thierry G. Vancaillie (11 December 2014). Chronic Pelvic Pain. Cambridge University Press. ... Ishizuka O, Nishizawa O, Hirao Y, Ohshima S (2002). "Evidence-based meta-analysis of pharmacotherapy for benign prostatic ... benign prostatic hyperplasia, pattern hair loss, hypersexuality, and paraphilias, as well as boys with precocious puberty. ...
ادرار کردن - ویکیپدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
Benign prostatic hyperplasia, an enlargement of the prostate that can cause urinary frequency, urgency, retention, and the ... Interstitial cystitis, a condition characterized by urinary frequency, urgency, and pain. *Prostatitis, an inflammation of the ... review meta-analysis on the effect of voiding position on the quality of urination found that in elderly males with benign ... prostate gland that can cause urinary frequency, urgency, and pain. * ...
It disappears after a very brief rest and the patient can start walking again until the pain recurs. The following signs are ... Intermittent claudication is a symptom and is by definition diagnosed by a patient reporting a history of leg pain with walking ... The most common symptom is muscle pain in the lower limbs on exercise-intermittent claudication. ... is a symptom that describes muscle pain on mild exertion (ache, cramp, numbness or sense of fatigue), classically in the ...
ICD-10 Chapter V: Mental and behavioural disorders
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. *Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis. *Benign prostatic hyperplasia ... it may result in pain during an erection, but is otherwise not painful. Those affected are at greater risk of inflammation ... It has the advantage of only limited pain and a short healing duration relative to circumcision, while also avoiding cosmetic ...
Myalgia (muscular pain) and arthralgia (joint pain) are rare side effects. Retinoids, such as high dose etretinate, are ... Uncommon and rare side effects include muscle aches and pains (myalgias), and headaches. Isotretinoin is known to cause birth ... Isotretinoin may cause non-specific gastrointestinal symptoms including nausea, diarrhea and abdominal pain. The drug is ...
"You may ... fear that the chest pains are a deadly heart attack or that the shooting pains in your head are the result of a ... happens may lead someone to have excessive fears of even minimally risky situations and to avoid benign social situations due ... Conditions that cause abdominal pain or chest pain can cause anxiety and may in some cases be a somatization of anxiety;[64 ... Digestive, as abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, indigestion, dry mouth, or bolus.. *Respiratory, as shortness of breath or ...
Urinary tract infection
Vaginitis may also be due to a yeast infection. Interstitial cystitis (chronic pain in the bladder) may be considered for ... In those with benign prostatic hyperplasia urinating in a sitting position appears to improve bladder emptying which might ... Pain with urination, frequent urination, feeling the need to urinate despite having an empty bladder. ... People experiencing an upper urinary tract infection, or pyelonephritis, may experience flank pain, fever, or nausea and ...
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Pain is a symptom experienced by most people with ALS and can take the form of neuropathic pain (pain caused by nerve damage), ... Mills KR (November 2010). "Characteristics of fasciculations in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and the benign fasciculation ... examples of nociceptive pain in ALS include contractures (permanent shortening of a muscle or joint), neck pain, back pain, ... About 90% of people with ALS die peacefully. In the final days of life, opioids can be used to treat pain and dyspnea, ...
Vocal cord cyst
Vocal fold cysts (also known as vocal cord cysts) are benign masses of the membranous vocal folds. These cysts are enclosed ... Pain near the larynx. *Variations in pitch when speaking. Signs and symptoms of vocal fold cysts may remain stable or ... Wang, Chi-Te; Liao, Li-Jen; Cheng, Po-Wen; Lo, Wu-Chia; Lai, Mei-Shu (2013). "Intralesional steroid injection for benign vocal ... Bohlender, Jörg (2013). "Diagnostic and therapeutic pitfalls in benign vocal fold diseases". GMS Current Topics in ...
Micrograph of an intrahepatic, i.e. in the liver, cholangiocarcinoma (right of image); benign hepatocytes are seen (left of ... abdominal pain (30-50%), generalized itching (66%), weight loss (30-50%), fever (up to 20%), and changes in the color of stool ... There is no entirely specific immunohistochemical stain that can distinguish malignant from benign biliary ductal tissue, ... Symptoms of cholangiocarcinoma may include abdominal pain, yellowish skin, weight loss, generalized itching, and fever. ...
Neurology, psychiatry, neurosurgery, psychosurgery, anesthesiology and pain medicine, neuropathology, neuroradiology, ... Parasagittal MRI of the head of a patient with benign familial macrocephaly ... Anesthesiology focuses on perception of pain, and pharmacologic alteration of consciousness. Neuropathology focuses upon the ...
Epigenetics of neurodegenerative diseases
The main symptoms and signs of a skin abscess are redness, heat, swelling, pain, and loss of function. There may also be high ... An internal abscess is more difficult to identify, but signs include pain in the affected area, a high temperature, and ... However, evidence from emergency medicine literature reports that packing wounds after draining causes pain to the person and ... pain, warmth, and swelling. The swelling may feel fluid-filled when pressed. The area of redness often extends beyond the ...
Rectus abdominis muscle
... and abdominal pain, and occurs more commonly in young adults (16-35 years old). HSP is associated with a more benign prognosis ... Nevertheless, IgA nephropathy, which was initially thought to be a benign disease, has been shown to not be a benign disease, ... With both aggressive and non-aggressive Berger's disease Loin pain can also occur. The gross hematuria may resolve after a few ... IgA nephropathy has a very variable course, ranging from a benign recurrent hematuria up to a rapid progression to chronic ...
سرطان پروستات - ویکیپدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد
... or pain in the pelvis, back or when urinating. A disease known as benign prostatic hyperplasia may produce similar symptoms. ... Pain is common in metastatic prostate cancer, and cancer pain related to bone metastases can be treated with bisphosphonates, ... The most common symptom is bone pain, often in the vertebrae (bones of the spine), pelvis, or ribs. Spread of cancer into other ... None, difficulty urinating, blood in the urine, pain in the pelvis, back or when urinating. ...
Oophoritis - Wikipédia
ಮೆದುಳಿನ ಕ್ಯಾನ್ಸರ್ ಗೆಡ್ದೆ(ಊತ) - ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ
ಕೆಲವು ಮೆನಿಂಗಿಯೊಮಾಸ್ ಪ್ರಕರಣಗಳಲ್ಲಿರುವ ಬುರುಡೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಅಪರೂಪವಾಗಿರುವ ಗೆಡ್ದೆಗಳನ್ನು ಶಸ್ತ್ರಚಿಕಿತ್ಸೆ ಮೂಲಕ ಯಶಸ್ವಿಯಾಗಿ ತೆಗೆಯಬಹುದು. ಬಹಳಷ್ಟು ಕಠಿಣ ಪ್ರಕರಣಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಸ್ಟಿರಿಯಿಟ್ಯಾಕ್ಟಿಕ್ ರೇಡಿಯೊ ಶಸ್ತ್ರಚಿಕಿತ್ಸೆ,ಅಂದರೆ ಗಾಮಾ ಚೂರಿ ಬಳಕೆ,ಸೈಬರ್ ನೈಫ್ ಅಥವಾ ನೊವಿಲಿಸ್ Tx ರೇಡಿಯೊ ಶಸ್ತ್ರಚಿಕಿತ್ಸೆಯು ಅತ್ಯಂತ ಉಪಯುಕ್ತ ಆಯ್ಕೆಯಾಗಿದೆ. ಬಹಳಷ್ಟು ಪಿಟ್ಯುಟರಿ ಅಡೆನೊಮಾಗಳನ್ನು ಶಸ್ತ್ರಚಿಕಿತ್ಸೆ ಮೂಲಕ ತೆಗೆಯಲಾಗುತ್ತದೆ.ಅಂದರೆ ...
List of Latin-script digraphs
SIR: Radiofrequency Ablates Pain of Benign Bone Tumor | Medpage Today
Radiofrequency ablation eliminates the debilitating bone pain of benign bone tumors without the risks associated with surgery, ... SEATTLE, March 5 -- Radiofrequency ablation eliminates the debilitating bone pain of benign bone tumors without the risks ... but surgery or radiofrequency ablation may eliminate the pain associated with the benign tumors. *Caution patients that the ... Immediate resolution of pain and no recurrence through six months of follow-up for the one patient who had repeat ablation when ...
Evaluation of pain during high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation of benign thyroid nodules | SpringerLink
Objective To assess severity and factors of pain during high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of benign thyroid ... A moderate to severe amount of pain was reported during ablation of benign thyroid nodules in over 50 % of patients. Patients ... Pain was moderate to severe during HIFU ablation of thyroid nodules.. • Only one in eight patients reported no pain during ... Evaluation of pain during high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation of benign thyroid nodules. ...
MR-Guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound for Pain Management Of Osteoid Osteoma & Benign Bone Tumors in Children and Adults ...
Pain score for target lesion ,/= 4 (indicating at least moderate pain) or an age-appropriate pain scale. ... Osteoid Osteoma Benign Bone Tumor Pain Device: MR-Guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Not Applicable ... MR-Guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound for Pain Management Of Osteoid Osteoma & Benign Bone Tumors in Children and Adults ... Magnetic Resonance-Guided High Intensity Focused Ultrasound for Pain Management of Osteoid Osteoma and Benign Bone Tumors in ...
Multimodal Chiropractic Care of Pain and Disability for a Patient Diagnosed With Benign Joint Hypermobility Syndrome -...
Benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) is a hereditary connective tissue disorder defined by pain and hypermobility in ... Home/Hypermobility Syndrome/Multimodal Chiropractic Care of Pain and Disability for a Patient Diagnosed With Benign Joint ... Multimodal Chiropractic Care of Pain and Disability for a Patient Diagnosed With Benign Joint Hypermobility Syndrome: A Case ... Multimodal Chiropractic Care of Pain and Disability for a Patient Diagnosed With Benign Joint Hypermobility Syndrome. ...
Get PDF - Risk factors for persistent postsurgical pain in women undergoing hysterectomy due to benign causes: a prospective...
Risk factors for persistent postsurgical pain in women undergoing hysterectomy due to benign causes: a prospective predictive ... Clinical Journal of Pain 25(4): 263-268, 2009. Risk of Occult Uterine Sarcoma in Women Undergoing Hysterectomy for Benign ... Pain 153(7): 1478-1483, 2012. A cross-sectional survey on prevalence and risk factors for persistent postsurgical pain 1 year ... Risk factors for persistent postsurgical pain in women undergoing hysterectomy due to benign causes: a prospective predictive ...
I was diagnosed with an adrenal tumor. My doctor says it's benign, but i'm having a lot of pain. Should I be worried? -...
Although you did not describe the nature and location of pain, you will need to discuss this further with your physician. ... Most adrenal nodules are of benign nature and remain stable and non functioning, however they should be monitored on an ... My doctor says its benign, but Im having a lot of pain. Should I be worried? ... cause of pain??? Most non-functioning adrenal tumors that are less than 4 CM in size can be safely watched due to the low ...
Benign Adverse Events Following Chiropractic Care for Neck Pain Are Associated With Worse Short-term Outcomes but Not Worse...
... pain.Objective.To examine the association between self-reported benign adverse events after chiropractic care for neck pain and ... the outcome measures namely, perceived recovery, neck pain, and neck disability.Summary of Backgr ... Benign Adverse Events Following Chiropractic Care for Neck Pain Are Associated With Worse Short-term Outcomes but Not Worse ... Self-reported benign adverse events after chiropractic care for neck pain are associated with worse short-term outcomes. ...
Interstitial laser thermal therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia - Clinical Pain Advisor
a. Pain control options should be multimodal. Choices range form Tylenol to narcotics, with consideration of other adjunct pain ... Dull, P, Reagan, R, Bahnson, R. "Managing benign prostatic hyperplasia". Am Fam Phys. vol. 66. 2002. pp. 77-85. (Supports what ... Dont miss out on todays top content on Clinical Pain Advisor. Register for free and gain unlimited access to:. - Clinical ... "Is the minimally invasive treatment as good as transurethral resection for benign prostatic hyperplasia". Int Urol Nephrol. vol ...
Papilloma surgery pain, Benign lesions Radiocautery and Radiosurgery
... papilloma surgery pain minimal thermal papilloma surgery pain on the tissue, so in the case of minor lesions, it can only be ... Papilloma surgery pain. Cozorici, Elena Papilloma surgery pain, S. Makkai-Popa, S. Luncă, G. Dimofte: Palliative treatment of ... The effect of papilloma surgery pain chloride preconditioning on paclitaxel-induced papilloma surgery pain neuropathy [Page: ] ... Benign lesions Radiocautery and Radiosurgery. Mihălţan, F. Petrariu: Aspects of physician - patient communication in the ...
Opioid Usage in Patients Undergoing Robotic Prostatectomy Decreased by Pre-emptive Pain Regimen
A pre-emptive multimodal pain regimen that included pregabalin decreased the use of opioid analgesics in patients undergoing ... Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or Benign Enlargement of Prostate (BEP) is an increase in the ... "We think this study paves the way for new pain management protocols. Though a larger prospective study is necessary to ... "This is the first demonstration of the effectiveness of a pre-emptive pain management protocol using pregabalin in urologic ...
Benign and malignant skin lesions at Spire Harpenden Hospital | Spire Healthcare
Altmetric - Topical Analgesia with Lidocaine Plus Diclofenac Decreases Pain in Benign Anorectal Surgery: Randomized,...
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
5 Ways to Alleviate Your Back Pain. Back pain is the common problem now lot of people can do work on computer and related work ... Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most common cause of vertigo (a sudden spinning sensation) which happens in brief ... posture can also a major causes of back pain thats why we concentrate on causes and treatment of different type of back pain. ...
Search | The Star
The causes of pain in benign solitary enchondromas of the proximal humerus<...
The causes of pain in benign solitary enchondromas of the proximal humerus. In: Clinical orthopaedics and related research. ... The causes of pain in benign solitary enchondromas of the proximal humerus. / Levy, Jonathan C.; Temple, H. Thomas; Mollabashy ... Levy JC, Temple HT, Mollabashy A, Sanders J, Kransdorf M. The causes of pain in benign solitary enchondromas of the proximal ... Levy, JC, Temple, HT, Mollabashy, A, Sanders, J & Kransdorf, M 2005, The causes of pain in benign solitary enchondromas of the ...
Diseases - Runnels County TXGenWeb
Colic - Paroxysmal pain in the abdomen or bowels. Infantile colic is benign paroxysmal abdominal pain during the first three ... Angina - Pain in chest brought on by exertion; intense constricting pain especially of the throat, can lead to suffocation; ... Lumbago - Back pain. Lung fever - Pneumonia. Lung sickness - Tuberculosis. Lying in - Time of delivery of infant. Malignant ... Intestinal colic - Abdominal pain due to bad or improper diet. Intussusception - The slipping of one part within another, as ...
Renal - Pathology - Virginia's Sonography Site
Handbook of Benign Proctological Disorders - Pravin Jaiprakash Gupta - Oxford University Press
The Handbook of Benign Proctological Disorders, part of the Oxford Clinical Practice Series, is a multidisciplinary, handy, ... Functional ano-rectal pain. 17. Quackery in proctology. Index. Handbook of Benign Proctological Disorders. Author Dr Pravin ... Handbook of Benign Proctological Disorders. Author Dr Pravin Jaiprakash Gupta. *Handy clinical reference for medical ... The Handbook of Benign Proctological Disorders, part of the Oxford Clinical Practice Series, is a multidisciplinary, handy, ...
BPH and Saw Palmetto
Men taking saw palmetto have also reported erection problems, testicular pain, and tenderness in the breasts. ... You might hear a doctor or nurse call that condition "benign prostate hyperplasia," or BPH. ... 1-Year Trial Using Saw Palmetto Versus Finasteride in the Treatment of Category III Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome." ...
Benign Tumors of Minor Salivary Glands Clinical Presentation: Physical Examination, Classification
They may be broadly categorized into benign neoplasms, tumorlike conditions, and malignant neoplasms. ... encoded search term (Benign Tumors of Minor Salivary Glands) and Benign Tumors of Minor Salivary Glands What to Read Next on ... Lymphadenomas are rare benign tumors with prominent lymphoid stroma that does not consist of an oncocytic bilayer, as seen in ... The majority are benign (70-90%), but some are malignant (10-30%). Approximately 75% of all cases occur in the parotid gland ...
Follow-up Strategies for Improved Postoperative Recovery After Benign Hysterectomy - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
... and postoperative pain and development of chronic pelvic pain after benign hysterectomy.. ... Development of chronic pelvic pain [ Time Frame: One year ]. Development of chronic pelvic pain one year postoperatively among ... Development of chronic pelvic pain [ Time Frame: One year ]. Development of chronic pelvic pain one year postoperatively among ... Follow-up Strategies for Improved Postoperative Recovery After Benign Hysterectomy (POSTHYSTREC). The safety and scientific ...
Toradol v. Celecoxib for Postoperative Pain - Study Results - ClinicalTrials.gov
Blanton E, Lamvu G, Patanwala I, Barron KI, Witzeman K, Tu FF, As-Sanie S. Non-opioid pain management in benign minimally ... Pain measured using the Visual Analog Scale, no pain (0-0.4 cm), mild pain(0.5-4.4 cm), moderate pain (4.5-7.4 cm), and severe ... Pain measured using the Visual Analog Scale, no pain (0-0.4 cm),... ... Toradol v. Celecoxib for Postoperative Pain (POP). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of ...
After Doctors Cut Their Opioids, Patients Turn to a Risky Treatment for Back Pain - The New York Times
"These are not benign procedures. Patients can be harmed and are harmed." ... Sherry Brandt said she was told she would be prescribed opioid painkillers for her chronic back pain only if she agreed to an ... Sherry Brandt did say no, and claims that refusal led her pain clinic to dismiss her as a noncompliant patient. The 56-year-old ... Brandt went to a different clinic to seek treatment for her pain, they also told her they would only prescribe painkillers if ...
Dr. Eric C. Burdge Signs On With DoctorsElite As a New Member
Derby Private Health | The CPD Certification Service
Prostate Problems- Causes and Treatments | HubPages
Symptoms may include frequent urination which is possibly accompanied by pain, pain after ejaculation and lower abdominal pain ... BPH Treatment With Green Light Laser Technology for Benign Enlarged Prostate. by Rob Jundt. 43 ... Pain and Bleeding After a Colposcopy: Causes and Treatments. by Kitty Fields. 6 ... Symptoms include pain between scrotum and rectum, fever, frequent urination with burning sensation, feeling of bladder fullness ...
July 2017 - Volume 33 - Issue 7 : The Clinical Journal of Pain
Psychological Predictors of Acute Postoperative Pain After Hysterectomy for Benign Causes. Scheel, Jennifer; Sittl, Reinhard; ... Pain Sensitivity and its Relation to Spreading on the Body, Intensity, Frequency, and Duration of Pain: A Cross-Sectional ... Evaluating the Association Between Acute and Chronic Pain After Surgery: Impact of Pain Measurement Methods. Gilron, Ian; ... Pressure Pain Threshold and Anxiety in Adolescent Females With and Without Juvenile Fibromyalgia: A Pilot Study. King, ...
Clinical guidelines for advanced practice nursing : an interdisciplinary approach (書籍, 2013) [WorldCat.org]
Benign prostatic hyperplasia --. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease --. Chronic nonmalignant pain management --. Chronic ... Benign prostatic hyperplasia -- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease -- Chronic nonmalignant pain management -- Chronic viral ... Neck pain --. Obesity --. Osteoarthritis --. Primary care of HIV-infected adults --. Smoking cessation --. Thyroid disorders -- ... Low back pain --. Gastroesophageal reflux disease --. Herpes simplex infections --. Hypertension --. Intimate partner violence ...
Benign prostate enlargement - NHS
... also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which is a common condition that affects men over 50 years of age. ... severe lower abdominal pain *swelling of the bladder that you can feel with your hands ... Read more about diagnosing benign prostate enlargement.. Treating benign prostate enlargement. Treatment for an enlarged ... Read more about treating benign prostate enlargement.. Complications of prostate enlargement. Benign prostate enlargement can ...
ECHO Session: Patient Safety and Quality Improvement - Transcript and Audio
Completely benign. We submitted the entire thing. And thats about the time my phone starts to ring. I get a little chest pain. ... And the PCP decided to wait and see if it grew because he thought it was probably benign from that report. And the patient came ... We went back to the grossing log from that day, and actually found his real core biopsy, which was benign. And unfortunately, ... And then, of course, we got the specimen, and it was benign. ... a diagnosis of metastatic cancer when it was a benign lesion. ...
ProstateParoxysmalNeoplasmsDisordersNeoplasmCystsMain symptom of benignHysterectomy for benignNodulesFasciculation SyndromeManagement of benignFacial PainPostoperativeSeverePelvic painAbdominal PainFeverSurgeryUltrasoundAsymptomaticJoint hypermobilityGynaecologicalCervicalDiseaseCommonInfectionCervixTypicallyChildren and adolescentsAnalgesiaPainfulPersistentNeckDiagnosisGrowthsPeripheralNerveEtiology
- You might hear a doctor or nurse call that condition "benign prostate hyperplasia," or BPH . (webmd.com)
- Benign prostate enlargement (BPE) is the medical term to describe an enlarged prostate, a condition that can affect how you pass urine. (www.nhs.uk)
- Read more about the symptoms of benign prostate enlargement . (www.nhs.uk)
- Read more about diagnosing benign prostate enlargement . (www.nhs.uk)
- To make sure that your prostate problem is benign, your doctor may do other tests. (familydoctor.org)
- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most common cause of vertigo (a sudden spinning sensation) which happens in brief episodes because of certain changes in the position of the head. (sooperarticles.com)
- What is benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood? (medscape.com)
- Gain-of-function missense mutations in Na v 1.7 have been shown to cause primary erythermalgia and paroxysmal extreme pain disorder, while nonsense mutations in Na v 1.7 result in loss of Na v 1.7 function and a condition known as channelopathy-associated insensitivity to pain, a rare disorder in which affected individuals are unable to feel physical pain. (jci.org)
- These disorders - primary erythermalgia (PE), paroxysmal extreme pain disorder (PEPD), and channelopathy-associated insensitivity to pain (CIP) - are typified by very different pain phenotypes. (jci.org)
- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is caused by a problem in the inner ear . (healthlinkbc.ca)
- The main symptom of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the feeling that you or your surroundings are spinning, whirling, or tilting. (healthlinkbc.ca)
- ICD-9 code 386.11 for Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range -DISEASES OF THE EAR AND MASTOID PROCESS (380-389). (aapc.com)
- Cystadenomas constitute a rare category of benign cystic neoplasms. (medscape.com)
- The relative ease of cervical examination allows observation of physiologic changes that occur in response to normal cyclic variations in ovarian hormone secretion, as well as a variety of structural abnormalities and pathologic conditions (premalignant, malignant, infection-related, benign neoplasms). (uptodate.com)
- 80% of salivary gland neoplasms arise in the parotid glands, 10-15% in the submandibular glands and the remainder in the sublingual and minor salivary glands.1 About 80% of parotid neoplasms are benign but the relative proportion of malignancy increases in smaller glands. (slideshare.net)
- Lymphomas may occasionallypresent in a salivary gland.3 In children, most parotid tumours are benign and arehaemangiomas.4Epidemiology1 Neoplasms of salivary glands have an incidence of about 1 to 2 per 100,000 per annum in England and Wales, with about 470 new cases diagnosed every year.5 They are fewer than 1% of all cancers and 3-6% of all tumours of the head and neck. (slideshare.net)
- Of salivary gland neoplasms, more than 50% are benign, and approximately 70% to 80% of all salivary gland neoplasms originate in the parotid gland. (healthlinkbc.ca)
- approximately 10% to 15% of malignant parotid neoplasms present with pain. (healthlinkbc.ca)
- The aim of this study was to examine the role of demographic, clinical, and psychological risk factors in the development of PPSP after hysterectomy due to benign disorders. (eurekamag.com)
- As the reviewers state, the pathogenesis of chronic pelvic pain is poorly understood and could be associated with both non-detected organic and psychosocial disorders, including the relationship between the woman and her environment and between the woman and her partner. (who.int)
- The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke has found that acupuncture can be moderately effective at treating lower back pain. (healthline.com)
- Recent genetic studies have identified Na v 1.7 dysfunction in three different human pain disorders. (jci.org)
- Over the past several years, elucidation of the genetic defects underlying three monogenic pain disorders has provided important insights about human pain and its molecular substrates. (jci.org)
- This finding indicated that channel dysfunction could lead to human disorders in which pain is a prominent symptom. (jci.org)
Main symptom of benign1
Hysterectomy for benign4
- The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of four different follow-up strategies on postoperative recovery following vaginal or abdominal hysterectomy for benign conditions. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The review included 5102 women from 47 randomized controlled trials comparing the effectiveness and safety of vaginal hysterectomy, abdominal hysterectomy and laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign gynecological conditions. (who.int)
- Further large randomized trials with high quality methodology and power are recommended to inform policy regarding the effectiveness and safety of different surgical approaches to hysterectomy for benign gynaecological conditions. (who.int)
- The four approaches to hysterectomy for benign disease are abdominal hysterectomy (AH), vaginal hysterectomy (VH), laparoscopic hysterectomy (LH) and robotic-assisted hysterectomy (RH). (who.int)
- To assess severity and factors of pain during high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of benign thyroid nodules. (springer.com)
- A moderate to severe amount of pain was reported during ablation of benign thyroid nodules in over 50 % of patients. (springer.com)
- Pain was moderate to severe during HIFU ablation of thyroid nodules. (springer.com)
- Patients with lower BMI and larger nodules had less pain. (springer.com)
- Durante C, Costante G, Lucisano G et al (2015) The natural history of benign thyroid nodules. (springer.com)
- Sung JY, Baek JH, Kim KS, Lee D, Yoo H, Kim JK, Park SH (2013) Single-session treatment of benign cystic thyroid nodules with ethanol versus radiofrequency ablation: a prospective randomized study. (springer.com)
- Most adrenal nodules are of benign nature and remain stable and non functioning, however they should be monitored on an interval based on size and location. (healthtap.com)
- Fibrous histiocytoma: benign, typically solitary, slow-growing nodules. (wikibooks.org)
- Benign Fasciculation Syndrome, or BFS, is a neurological condition most notable for producing annoying muscle twitches. (gotoquiz.com)
- Benign fasciculation syndrome (BFS) is a neurological disorder characterized by fasciculation (twitching) of various voluntary muscles in the body. (wikipedia.org)
- Presenting symptoms of benign fasciculation syndrome may include: Fasciculations (primary symptom) Blepharospasms (eye spasms) Generalized fatigue Muscle pain Anxiety (which can also be a cause) Exercise intolerance Globus sensation Paraesthesias Muscle cramping or spasms Other symptoms include: Hyperreflexia Muscle stiffness Tremors Itching Myoclonic jerks BFS symptoms are typically present when the muscle is at rest and are not accompanied by severe muscle weakness. (wikipedia.org)
Management of benign2
- Opioid usage, which involves narcotic pain medications, was significantly less in patients who received the multimodal regimen compared to patients who received a standard postoperative analgesic regimen. (medindia.net)
- Although laparoscopic surgical techniques typically are associated with a reduction of postoperative pain, patients still require opioid analgesia. (medindia.net)
- Furthermore the investigators aim to examine associations between preoperative thresholds for pain (thermal and pressure) and postoperative pain and development of chronic pelvic pain after benign hysterectomy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- But severe or persistent breast pain could mean you need to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. (healthline.com)
- If you experience severe abdominal pain with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or fever, seek emergency medical care. (livestrong.com)
- However, you should see your doctor for diagnosis if you have persistent or severe back or abdominal pains along with unexplained weight loss. (livestrong.com)
- Pain measured using the Visual Analog Scale, no pain (0-0.4 cm), mild pain(0.5-4.4 cm), moderate pain (4.5-7.4 cm), and severe pain (7.5-10.0 cm). (clinicaltrials.gov)
- If your lower back pain is severe, it's best to see a doctor to determine whether you have an underlying condition. (healthline.com)
- The FDA approved it to treat adults with moderate to severe acute pain. (rxwiki.com)
- Oliceridine, an opioid (strong pain killer), is for those whose pain is severe enough to require an opioid that is given into the vein. (rxwiki.com)
- The report of diffuse pain for 3 or more months and severe pain in multiple tender points upon palpation is required as part of the classification criteria for FM by both Yunus and Masi [ 3 ] and the 1990 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) [ 4 ] criteria. (biomedcentral.com)
- A 20-year-old female collegiate cross-country runner presented to a chiropractic clinic with pain in the right scapular area that was severe, stabbing, and worsened with respiration. (chiro.org)
- Later that night, the pain in her right back and shoulder blade became more severe, which she described as sharp and stabbing, and worsened with respiration. (chiro.org)
- Those waxed and waned, and about two years ago I started getting severe pains in my shoulders, elbows, neck, even my jaw sometimes. (medhelp.org)
- I've read a lot about "herxing," as well, and about four days after I started taking these supplements, I got the left ear hearing loss, numbness and tingling that I get sometimes, and then I woke up with severe soreness and pain in my shoulders, neck, knees and back, and I've had all kinds of issues since then. (medhelp.org)
- This condition can produce sudden, severe, shock-like feelings of pain along the face. (upmc.com)
- Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis or chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a pelvic pain condition in men, and should be distinguished from other forms of prostatitis such as chronic bacterial prostatitis and acute bacterial prostatitis. (wikipedia.org)
- CP/CPPS and interstitial cystitis are sometimes referred to jointly as "UCPPS" (urologic chronic pelvic pain syndrome). (wikipedia.org)
- Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is characterized by pelvic or perineal pain without evidence of urinary tract infection, lasting longer than 3 months, as the key symptom. (wikipedia.org)
- these data suggest that bacteria do not have a significant role in the development of the chronic pelvic pain syndrome", and a year later with his colleagues he published studies showing that antibiotics are essentially useless for CP/CPPS. (wikipedia.org)
- In 2007 the NIDDK began to group IC/PBS and CP/CPPS under the umbrella term Urologic Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndromes (UCPPS). (wikipedia.org)
- Chronic pelvic pain is common in women in the reproductive age group both in developed and developing countries (1). (who.int)
- According to a population-based estimate, chronic pelvic pain affects approximately 15% of women aged 18-50 (3). (who.int)
- The psychosocial impact of chronic pelvic pain is reflected in mood disturbance, disruption of normal activity and relationships as well as pain (2). (who.int)
- Chronic pelvic pain is an important cause of attendance at gynaecology clinics and is associated with significant costs to the health system (4). (who.int)
- Apart from the cost of the interventions, varying from one country to another, the progestogen medroxyprogesterone acetate represents the therapy of choice for chronic pelvic pain. (who.int)
- Ultrasound scanning is not available in many settings in developing countries, and the routine use of medroxyprogesterone acetate or goserelin for chronic pelvic pain may not be affordable because of its cost, especially in the absence of substantial benefit. (who.int)
- Moreover the number of interventions for chronic pelvic pain covered in this review was limited. (who.int)
- Diagnosis and treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: a consensus guideline. (medscape.com)
- Back pain, abdominal pain and weight loss can indicate serious medical conditions. (livestrong.com)
- Along with abdominal pain and weight loss, you may experience diarrhea, bloody stools, anemia and fever. (livestrong.com)
- A sudden, penetrating pain in the lower back, accompanied by abdominal pain, is a primary symptom of an Addisonian crisis, the acute adrenal insufficiency that can occur in Addison's disease. (livestrong.com)
- It is possible that your symptoms of abdominal pain, lower back pain and weight loss have a harmless explanation, or one that is of only minor medical significance. (livestrong.com)
- Our primary outcomes were return to normal activities, satisfaction, quality of life, intraoperative visceral injury and major long-term complications (i.e. fistula, pelvi-abdominal pain, urinary dysfunction, bowel dysfunction, pelvic floor condition and sexual dysfunction). (who.int)
- Along with pain, you may experience changes in bowel habits -- such as episodes of diarrhea or constipation -- nausea and vomiting, and fever. (livestrong.com)
- Symptoms include pain between scrotum and rectum, fever, frequent urination with burning sensation, feeling of bladder fullness and blood and pus in urine. (hubpages.com)
- We would like to thank Mr. Hill Yu for conducting all the pain assessments during and after HIFU treatment and Professor Stephen Cheng (Head of Department of Surgery, University of Hong Kong) for agreeing to be the guarantor of this paper. (springer.com)
- Baseline presurgical psychological predictors identified were anxiety, emotional illness representation of the condition leading to surgery, and pain catastrophizing. (eurekamag.com)
- These results increase the knowledge on PPSP predictors and point healthcare professionals toward specific intervention targets such as anxiety (presurgical and postsurgical), pain catastrophizing, emotional illness representations, and acute pain control after surgery. (eurekamag.com)
- Papilloma surgery pain heart malformations in newborn babies with low birth weight [Page: ] 9. (constiintaortodoxa.ro)
- Doroftei, A. Ciobica, Carmen Anton: The importance of clinical and instrumental diagnostic in papilloma surgery pain mammary gland cancer [Page: ] Irina Jari, A. Negru: Breast infections: diagnosis with ultrasound and mammography [Page: ] Porumb, Papilloma surgery pain. (constiintaortodoxa.ro)
- Cozorici, Elena Papilloma surgery pain, S. Makkai-Popa, S. Luncă, G. Dimofte: Palliative treatment of malignant esophagopulmonary fistulas with covered self - expandable metallic stents SEMSs. (constiintaortodoxa.ro)
- Onofriescu: The correlation between markers of systemic inflammation and angiogenic markers in pre-eclampsia [Page: ] Andreea Dana Moraru, M. Costuleanu, D. Costin, Cătălina Peptu, M. Popa, Papilloma surgery pain. (constiintaortodoxa.ro)
- This is the first demonstration of the effectiveness of a pre-emptive pain management protocol using pregabalin in urologic surgery," said Edouard J. Trabulsi, M.D., associate professor of Urology at Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University. (medindia.net)
- Due to the well-known advantages of minimal invasive surgery, the majority of procedures for benign gynaecological diseases are performed by laparoscopy. (springeropen.com)
- This review presents an overview of the currently evaluated techniques to reduce shoulder pain after laparoscopic surgery for benign gynaecological disease. (springeropen.com)
- Counseling supported by ultrasound scanning is associated with reduced pain and improvement in mood. (who.int)
- Best utilization of rapidly evolving ultrasound technology requires comprehensive knowledge of technique, lexicon, current practice patterns, and mastery of clinical and imaging manifestations of benign and malignant disease. (springer.com)
- The purpose of this case report is to describe multimodal chiropractic care of a female patient diagnosed with benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) and a history of chronic spine pain. (chiro.org)
- Benign joint hypermobility syndrome ( BJHS ) is a hereditary connective tissue disorder defined by pain and hypermobility in multiple joints. (chiro.org)
- 1-4 ] Benign joint hypermobility syndrome is also known as joint hypermobility syndrome and hypermobility syndrome . (chiro.org)
- Benign joint hypermobility syndrome is considered to be more common in African, Asian and Middle Eastern populations and is also more common in females and younger individuals. (chiro.org)
- Juvenile Fibromyalgia (JFM) is characterized by chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain and approximately 40% of children and adolescents with JFM also suffer from benign joint hypermobility (HM). (biomedcentral.com)
- To assess the effectiveness and safety of different surgical approaches to hysterectomy for women with benign gynaecological conditions. (who.int)
- While the exact pathogenesis of post-operative SP is not fully understood, different techniques to reduce the incidence and severity of SP after benign gynaecological laparoscopy have been evaluated in the literature. (springeropen.com)
- Only 1 study has examined the association between adverse events and outcome in subjects with neck pain treated by chiropractors, which concluded that those receiving cervical spinal manipulation were more likely to report an adverse event compared to cervical mobilization, and those reporting an adverse event were less likely to have improved outcomes at all follow-up measurements. (ovid.com)
- Addison's disease occurs when your body produces insufficient cortisol, and features symptoms of muscle weakness, decreased appetite with weight loss, darkening of skin, low blood pressure, muscle and joint pains and mood changes. (livestrong.com)
- As a surgeon interested in breast disease , Dr. Burdge is educated in a multimodality fashion, developing knowledge of benign and malignant conditions. (prweb.com)
- Pain is part of all disease. (thebody.com)
- For people with AIDS, especially for those with advanced disease, proper control of pain is perhaps the single most important determinant of life quality. (thebody.com)
- Theories behind the disease include stress-driven hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis dysfunction and adrenocortical hormone (endocrine) abnormalities, neurogenic inflammation, and myofascial pain syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
- [ 16 ] Absence of systemic symptoms and persistence of pain for at least 3 months indicate chronic prostatitis rather than acute disease. (medscape.com)
- ICD-9 code 404.10 for Hypertensive heart and chronic kidney disease, benign, without heart failure and with chronic kidney disease stage i through stage iv, or unspecified is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range -HYPERTENSIVE DISEASE (401-405). (aapc.com)
- However, recognition of clinical and imaging characteristics that support benign diagnoses is equally integral to accurate, cost-effective management of breast disease. (springer.com)
- Malignant lymphoma of parotid associated with Mikulicz disease (benign lymphoepithelial lesion)" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
- You can have breast pain at any age, but it's less common after menopause than before menopause. (healthline.com)
- Breast pain, also known as mastalgia, mammalgia and mastodynia , is common and may include a dull ache, heaviness, tightness, a burning sensation in the breast tissue, or breast tenderness. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Although older (postmenopausal) women can have breast pain, it is much more common in perimenopausal (around the menopause ) and premenopausal females. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Breast pain is most common in perimenopausal and premenopausal females. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- According to the F.D.A., back problems are the most common cause of disabling, chronic pain. (nytimes.com)
- However, breast pain is not a common symptom of cancer. (medlineplus.gov)
- Fibrocystic breast changes are a common cause of breast pain. (medlineplus.gov)
- Endometriosis is a common cause of lower back pain during menstruation. (healthline.com)
- Pain and swelling are common. (merckmanuals.com)
- Atraumatic hip pain in children is one of the most common symptoms with which pediatricians, orthopedists, and general practitioners are confronted, with an incidence of 148 cases per 100 000 persons per year. (aerzteblatt.de)
- The acute cholestatic hepatitis caused by chlorpromazine is typically self-limited and benign, but should prompt immediate discontinuation. (nih.gov)
- Equally, however, most subspecialists will recall a small number of cases, typically men in their 50s or 60s, in whom the latency from presentation with apparently benign fasciculations to weakness (and then clear MND) was several years. (wikipedia.org)
Children and adolescents3
- Juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM) is a chronic condition of widespread musculoskeletal pain and fatigue in children and adolescents. (biomedcentral.com)
- However, the relationship between pain characteristics and HM has not been examined in children and adolescents with JFM. (biomedcentral.com)
- Joint pain is one of the commonest symptoms routinely seen by pediatricians, orthopedists, and general practitioners in children and adolescents. (aerzteblatt.de)
- Pain is a painful subject for most people -- and that includes doctors and nurses. (thebody.com)
- Shingles can lead to pain in the breast if the painful blistering rash appears on the skin of your breasts. (medlineplus.gov)
- Lower back pain is one of the symptoms of dysmenorrhea , a term given to particularly painful periods. (healthline.com)
- Lower back pain can be very painful for many people who experience it. (healthline.com)
- A 23-year-old white female presented for chiropractic care with chronic low back pain, neck pain, and headaches. (chiro.org)
- but little change was noted in her neck pain as measured by the Neck Disability Index. (chiro.org)
- To examine the association between self-reported benign adverse events after chiropractic care for neck pain and the outcome measures namely, perceived recovery, neck pain, and neck disability. (ovid.com)
- Multivariate multilevel logistic and linear regression analyses were used to evaluate the association between adverse events and recovery, neck pain, and neck disability. (ovid.com)
- At the fourth visit, subjects who reported a benign adverse event or "intense" adverse event after any of the first 3 visits were less likely to be recovered, and had slightly worse levels of neck pain. (ovid.com)
- However, the differences in neck pain were too small to be clinically meaningful. (ovid.com)
- Self-reported benign adverse events after chiropractic care for neck pain are associated with worse short-term outcomes. (ovid.com)
- That can also cause pain in your shoulders, back, and neck. (healthline.com)
- While there are often associated symptoms of poor sleep, fatigue, and emotional distress in JFM, pain is the defining component in the diagnosis of fibromyalgia (FM). (biomedcentral.com)
- A practical algorithm for reliable diagnosis and treatment, taking account of the possible differential diagnoses for hip pain in children. (aerzteblatt.de)
- The diagnosis of pediatric hip pain should always follow a standard algorithm. (aerzteblatt.de)