Insurance Benefits: Payments or services provided under stated circumstances under the terms of an insurance policy. In prepayment programs, benefits are the services the programs will provide at defined locations and to the extent needed.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.United StatesTime Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Insurance, Pharmaceutical Services: Insurance providing for payment of services rendered by the pharmacist. Services include the preparation and distribution of medical products.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cost Sharing: Provisions of an insurance policy that require the insured to pay some portion of covered expenses. Several forms of sharing are in use, e.g., deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments. Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Social Security: Government sponsored social insurance programs.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Drug Therapy, Combination: Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.Combined Modality Therapy: The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Antineoplastic Agents: Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Employer Health Costs: That portion of total HEALTH CARE COSTS borne by an individual's or group's employing organization.Drug Costs: The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).Chemotherapy, Adjuvant: Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Disease-Free Survival: Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols: The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.Great BritainCohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Drug Administration Schedule: Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.Eligibility Determination: Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Decision Support Techniques: Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Models, Economic: Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Kaplan-Meier Estimate: A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)Informed Consent: Voluntary authorization, by a patient or research subject, with full comprehension of the risks involved, for diagnostic or investigative procedures, and for medical and surgical treatment.Insurance, Disability: Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Cost Savings: Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Models, Econometric: The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.Exercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Altruism: Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors: Compounds that inhibit HMG-CoA reductases. They have been shown to directly lower cholesterol synthesis.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Hearing Aids: Wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing. These generic devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids. (UMDNS, 1999)Placebos: Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Neoplasm Staging: Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Medicare Part C: The Balanced Budget Act (BBA) of 1997 establishes a Medicare+Choice program under part C of Title XVIII, Section 4001, of the Social Security Act. Under this program, an eligible individual may elect to receive Medicare benefits through enrollment in a Medicare+Choice plan. Beneficiaries may choose to use private pay options, establish medical savings accounts, use managed care plans, or join provider-sponsored plans.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Medicare: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Patient Participation: Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized: Antibodies from non-human species whose protein sequences have been modified to make them nearly identical with human antibodies. If the constant region and part of the variable region are replaced, they are called humanized. If only the constant region is modified they are called chimeric. INN names for humanized antibodies end in -zumab.Single-Blind Method: A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Lung Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Formularies as Topic: Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.Value of Life: The intrinsic moral worth ascribed to a living being. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors: Drugs or agents which antagonize or impair any mechanism leading to blood platelet aggregation, whether during the phases of activation and shape change or following the dense-granule release reaction and stimulation of the prostaglandin-thromboxane system.Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic: Works about comparative studies to verify the effectiveness of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques determined in phase II studies. During these trials, patients are monitored closely by physicians to identify any adverse reactions from long-term use. These studies are performed on groups of patients large enough to identify clinically significant responses and usually last about three years. This concept includes phase III studies conducted in both the U.S. and in other countries.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Antibodies, Monoclonal: Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.Fluorouracil: A pyrimidine analog that is an antineoplastic antimetabolite. It interferes with DNA synthesis by blocking the THYMIDYLATE SYNTHETASE conversion of deoxyuridylic acid to thymidylic acid.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Medical Oncology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of neoplasms.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Medicare Part D: A stand-alone drug plan offered by insurers and other private companies to beneficiaries that receive their Medicare Part A and/or B benefits through the Original Medicare Plan. It includes Medicare Private Fee-for-Service Plans that do not offer prescription drug coverage and Medicare Cost Plans offering Medicare prescription drug coverage. The plan was enacted as the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 with coverage beginning January 1, 2006.Neoplasm Recurrence, Local: The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Aspirin: The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Financing, Personal: Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Deductibles and Coinsurance: Cost-sharing mechanisms that provide for payment by the insured of some portion of covered expenses. Deductibles are the amounts paid by the insured under a health insurance contract before benefits become payable; coinsurance is the provision under which the insured pays part of the medical bill, usually according to a fixed percentage, when benefits become payable.Fibrinolytic Agents: Fibrinolysin or agents that convert plasminogen to FIBRINOLYSIN.Fees and Charges: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.Treatment Failure: A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Tamoxifen: One of the SELECTIVE ESTROGEN RECEPTOR MODULATORS with tissue-specific activities. Tamoxifen acts as an anti-estrogen (inhibiting agent) in the mammary tissue, but as an estrogen (stimulating agent) in cholesterol metabolism, bone density, and cell proliferation in the ENDOMETRIUM.Drugs, Generic: Drugs whose drug name is not protected by a trademark. They may be manufactured by several companies.Colorectal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal: Antineoplastic agents that are used to treat hormone-sensitive tumors. Hormone-sensitive tumors may be hormone-dependent, hormone-responsive, or both. A hormone-dependent tumor regresses on removal of the hormonal stimulus, by surgery or pharmacological block. Hormone-responsive tumors may regress when pharmacologic amounts of hormones are administered regardless of whether previous signs of hormone sensitivity were observed. The major hormone-responsive cancers include carcinomas of the breast, prostate, and endometrium; lymphomas; and certain leukemias. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual 1994, p2079)Anticoagulants: Agents that prevent clotting.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Drug Therapy: The use of DRUGS to treat a DISEASE or its symptoms. One example is the use of ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS to treat CANCER.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Primary Prevention: Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Multicenter Studies as Topic: Works about controlled studies which are planned and carried out by several cooperating institutions to assess certain variables and outcomes in specific patient populations, for example, a multicenter study of congenital anomalies in children.Physician's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.Tax Exemption: Status not subject to taxation; as the income of a philanthropic organization. Tax-exempt organizations may also qualify to receive tax-deductible donations if they are considered to be nonprofit corporations under Section 501(c)3 of the United States Internal Revenue Code.Ethics, Medical: The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Thrombolytic Therapy: Use of infusions of FIBRINOLYTIC AGENTS to destroy or dissolve thrombi in blood vessels or bypass grafts.Drug Prescriptions: Directions written for the obtaining and use of DRUGS.EuropeAnti-Inflammatory Agents: Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.EnglandCoronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Markov Chains: A stochastic process such that the conditional probability distribution for a state at any future instant, given the present state, is unaffected by any additional knowledge of the past history of the system.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Insurance Claim Review: Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.Prostatic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Pensions: Fixed sums paid regularly to individuals.Speech Perception: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Mandatory Programs: Programs in which participation is required.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Research Subjects: Persons who are enrolled in research studies or who are otherwise the subjects of research.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Antihypertensive Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular HYPERTENSION regardless of pharmacological mechanism. Among the antihypertensive agents are DIURETICS; (especially DIURETICS, THIAZIDE); ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS; ADRENERGIC ALPHA-ANTAGONISTS; ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS; CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS; GANGLIONIC BLOCKERS; and VASODILATOR AGENTS.Palliative Care: Care alleviating symptoms without curing the underlying disease. (Stedman, 25th ed)Endpoint Determination: Establishment of the level of a quantifiable effect indicative of a biologic process. The evaluation is frequently to detect the degree of toxic or therapeutic effect.
Disability in the Philippines
The Bureau of Internal Revenue provides tax benefits and privileges to qualified persons with disability (PWD) as well as their ... Mawis, Sara Mae (4 November 2017). "Addressing the battle cry of disabled persons". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 9 ... The BIR already provides tax benefits as early as 2009 through RR 1-2009. The beneficiaries of BIR's regulation entitles PWD ... "Persons with disability: Tax benefits and privileges". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 9 November 2017. Santos, Reynaldo Jr. (3 ...
2009 Serena Williams tennis season
Zimbabwean parliamentary election, 2005
The benefits of babywearing include: In the wearing of newborns in particular, the mothers' oxytocin levels are increased ... 1989). The Crying Baby. Penguin Books. Anisfeld, E., Casper, V., Nozyce, M., & Cunningham, N. (Oct., 1990). Does Infant ... Kangaroo care is well-studied and has shown clear benefits to premature and ill infants. Not all parents find breastfeeding in ... Even three hours per day of babywearing reduces infant crying significantly, and at 13 months, babies who have been in soft ...
Second Coming (band)
"THE CRYING SPELL, FACELESS Added To LAYNE STALEY Eighth Annual Tribute & Benefit Concert - July 31, 2009". Roadrunnerrecords. ... As of 2012, Snyder is still with The Crying Spell, which has put out a second album Disgraceland, whilst Bacolas has left and ... In 2008, Bacolas and Snyder worked on another project called The Crying Spell, releasing an album titled Through Hell to Heaven ... "KNAC Pure Rock Newswire 08/23/02 Layne Staley Tribute and Benefit Concert w/ My Sister's Machine". Knaclive.com. Retrieved 2011 ...
Co-sleeping, a common alternative, has its own benefits but also risks if not breastfeeding. Leaving babies to cry without ... The "Cry It Out" (CIO) approach can be traced back to the book "The Care and Feeding of Children" written by Dr. Emmett Holt in ... "Controlled crying 'safe for babies'". Retrieved 1 May 2017. National Health Service. "Cot death and shared beds". Retrieved 1 ... CIO is any sleep-training method which allows a baby to cry for a specified period before the parent will offer comfort. " ...
1994 NASCAR Winston Cup Series
Infant sleep training
The Ferber Method Psychology Today; Dangers of "Crying It Out". Bell, S., & Mary D. Salter Ainsworth. (1972). Infant Crying and ... There are many benefits to breastfeeding infants. Lastly, temperament also seems to yield correlations with sleep patterns. ... Dr Sylvia Bell of Johns Hopkins University reported: by the end of the first year individual differences in crying reflect the ... Parents who practice attachment parenting think the parent should attend to the baby whenever they cry, and limit tears as much ...
Are You Experienced
Next, they attempted Hendrix's newly written ballad, "The Wind Cries Mary". Without the benefit of rehearsals, the band ... "The Wind Cries Mary" Eddie Kramer - engineering on "The Wind Cries Mary," "Are You Experienced?," and "Red House"; additional ... "The Wind Cries Mary" is the first ballad recorded by the Experience; Hendrix wrote the lyrics after an argument with his ... Whereas "Fire" is a funk and soul hybrid driven by Mitchell's drumming, "May This Be Love" and "The Wind Cries Mary" are soft ...
Jun Hong Lu
Seeing the suffering and hearing the cries of sentient beings, Bodhisattvas bring forth immense compassion and vow to benefit ... Hence, I believe that every Buddhist Chinese from all over the world should continue to practice Buddhism as it will benefit in ... Guan Yin Citta believes that reciting Buddhist sutras and mantras on a daily basis helps one benefit from the blessings of ...
Waterloo, Nova Scotia
Abraham in Islam
He started feeling angry towards his people, who could not realize that these are only stones that could neither benefit nor ... "We cried out O' Ibraheem you have indeed fulfilled your dream. Thus do we award the good do-ers." However, the words of the ... crying. He said: "I submit to the Lord of the universe!" Ibrahim kept prostrating himself until nightfall. He then got up and ...
The Bird of Peace
Love (Beatles album)
"Cry Baby Cry" transition) - 4:45 "Revolution" - 2:14 (CD version) / 3:23 (DVD and iTunes version) "Back in the U.S.S.R." - 1:53 ... "Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!/I Want You (She's So Heavy)/Helter Skelter" - As the title suggests, the track contains the ... "Cry Baby Cry" and laughter from "Piggies". "Strawberry Fields Forever" - A review of the album noted that this version builds ... "Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite!". The Beatles portal All Together Now, a documentary following the creation of the Cirque du ...
Infant and toddler safety
The Two-Character Play
Out Cry was the title of one version of this play, which premiered at the Ivanhoe Theatre in Chicago in July 1971. Out Cry ... Jessica Goldstein (2013-10-01). "Two-Character Play benefits from actors' shared history". Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-05- ... Out Cry at Internet Broadway Database The Two-Character Play Off-Broadway 2013 The Two-Character Play The Internet Off Broadway ... The Two Character Play (also known as Out Cry in one of its alternate versions) is an American play by Tennessee Williams that ...
Jacob Moon performed a benefit concert in Hamilton, Ontario for IJM Canada in 2006 after McIntosh recommended a book to him ... Brenda Anderson (March 3, 2011). "Crying freedom". Langley Times. Retrieved October 11, 2012. "Rev. Jamie McIntosh, ... "Jacob Moon Does Benefit for International Justice Mission". Soul Shine Magazine. September 26, 2006. Retrieved October 11, 2012 ...
When seeking to optimise the balance between benefits and risks, it is prudent to err on the side of caution and, above all, ... Dively, Galen P.; Venugopal, P. Dilip; Finkenbinder, Chad (2016-12-30). "Field-Evolved Resistance in Corn Earworm to Cry ... Any new technology such as genetic modification must be examined for possible benefits and risks to human health and the ... These conclusions were based on the precautionary principle and lack of evidence of any benefit. The Jury expressed concern ...
... s cry as a form of basic instinctive communication. A crying infant may be trying to express a variety of feelings ... Studies have shown that infants who have been the recipients of positive touch experience more benefits as they develop ... Infants respond to the sound of snake hissing, angry voices of adults, the crackling sound of a fire, thunder, and the cries of ... Page 50 9712339114 2004 - ... is mainly through prespeech forms of crying, babbling, gesturing, and emotional expressions. In ...
Francis Trevelyan Buckland
Winter Garden Theatre (1850)
Bengal famine of 1943
... greatly to the benefit of the Calcutta black market. Between December 1942 and March 1943 the government made several ... "crying bitterly and coughing terribly ... in the pouring monsoon rain ... stark naked, homeless, motherless, fatherless and ... were given significant advantages and benefits. Essential workers received subsidised food, and were frequently paid in ...
Political positions of Marine Le Pen
Le Pen has described corporate tax as "a crying injustice", claiming that the corporations of the CAC 40 pay 8% corporate tax ... "Fantastic profits of CAC 40: how to make benefit for French people?" (in French). Front National. 17 March 2011. Retrieved 17 ... and argues for benefits provided to immigrants to be reduced to remove incentives for new immigrants. Following the ... heavier when the profits benefit shareholders and lighter when the profits are used for profit sharing, salaries, employment ...
Live field exercises are another benefit of the CTPS program. By allowing many individuals to engage in a "live fire" ... these forms of simulation are a far cry from high fidelity models that have surfaced since the 1990s. ... Nearly every article reviewed had a cry for objective studies regarding the effectiveness of debriefing, whether it be ... helps to provide a realistic combat environment while having the benefit of lessening psychological trauma and PTSD when ...
He also organised the 1971 Concert for Bangladesh with Indian musician Ravi Shankar, a precursor to later benefit concerts such ... In 1961 the Beatles recorded "Cry for a Shadow", a blues-inspired instrumental co-written by Lennon and Harrison, who is ... Harrison held a benefit concert for the Natural Law Party at the Royal Albert Hall, his first London performance since the ... due to Klein's failure to register the event as a UNICEF benefit beforehand. In June 1972, UNICEF honoured Harrison and ...
"Bruce Grobbelaar: I heard the crowd at Hillsborough cry 'Please help us..'". Liverpool Echo. 6 April 2009. Retrieved 13 July ... Bradford City and Lincoln City held a friendly match to benefit the victims of Hillsborough. The occasion was the first in ... Other fund raising activities included a Factory Records benefit concert and several fundraising football matches. Bradford ...
History of the petroleum industry in Canada (natural gas)
The Sikh Gurus discourage the devotee from engaging in this ritual as it "brings no spiritual benefit to the person". The Sikh ... you will cry for help, and he will say: Here am I." ... as such is seen to be of benefit. Other self-inflicted harm is ... There is weak evidence that a short-term period of fasting may have benefits during treatment. ...
Schizophrenia - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
43.0 43.1 McEvoy JP (2006). "Risks versus benefits of different types of long-acting injectable antipsychotics". J Clin ... Very disorganized behavior (such as dressing inappropriately or crying frequently) or catatonic behavior (or being in a daze) ... June 2009). "Early intervention in patients at ultra high risk of psychosis: benefits and risks". Acta Psychiatr Scand 119 (6 ... These measures show little benefit five years later. Attempting to prevent schizophrenia in the pre-onset phase with anti- ...
Alfred A. Tomatis
... and Boys Don't Cry (1999). The film V for Vendetta shows a dictatorship in future Britain that forces lesbians, ... they lack health insurance because many employers do not offer health benefits to domestic partners. ... was criticized for excluding race and class issues from their spaces and for a lack of focus on issues that did not benefit ...
List of atheists in science and technology
Only their bell-like cries can be heard across the land. Man is indeed an imaginative species." Desmond Morris, The Pocket ... with the benefit of recent experience. Once he became a professor Ehrenfest could revert to unbelief.. ... apparently they'd been going to church primarily for my benefit. So after I refused to go, they quit going too.. ...
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Riluzole has been found to modestly prolong survival by about 2-3 months. It may have a greater survival benefit for ... in which they cry or laugh for no reason; it is more common in those with bulbar-onset ALS. ... People with ALS who have difficulty speaking may benefit from working with a speech-language pathologist. These health ... Specifically, physical, occupational, and speech therapists can set goals and promote benefits for individuals with ALS by ...
Sensory processing sensitivity
Abbreviations fur nummers o years, withit reference tae the present, ur cried informal (e.g., y or yr fur "years"; mah, m.y., ... but frae Apryle sex fur purposes o personal taxation an payment o state benefits; in Australia it runs frae Julie 1, while in ... The year is aft dividit intae twal consecutive periods o time cried months: Januar, Februar, Mairch, Apryle, Mey, Juin, Julie, ... The orbit o the Yird is elliptical; the extreme pynts, cried "apsides", or the perihelion-whaur the Yird is closest tae the sun ...
List of Twin Peaks characters
The benefit of antiviral drugs in those who are otherwise healthy do not appear to be greater than their risks. No benefit ... in infants) No tears when crying.. Virology. Types of virus. Structure of the influenza virion. The hemagglutinin (HA) and ... Overall the benefits of neuraminidase inhibitors in those who are otherwise healthy do not appear to be greater than the risks. ... 9] There does not appear to be any benefit in those with other health problems. In those believed to have the flu, they ...
"Old-Age Benefits legal definition of Old-Age Benefits". Legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com. 2013-05-23. Retrieved 2016-04- ... Minois comments that the scribe's "cry shows that nothing has changed in the drama of decrepitude between the age of the ... BenefitsEdit. German chancellor Otto von Bismarck created the world's first comprehensive government social safety net in the ... Full retirement age for Social Security benefits for people retiring in 2012 is age 66. In the United Kingdom, the state ...
Among all the other arrangements that we are always making for the benefit and utility of the state, we have heretofore wished ... cry aloud, 'The gods are neglected, and in the temples there is now a very thin attendance. Former ceremonies are exposed to ... for the benefit of their own depraved doctrine". He continued: "our fear is that with the passage of time, they will ...
Babies with cerebral palsy who have stiffness issues might cry more and be harder to put to sleep than non-disabled babies, or ... Although such cross-over benefit might happen, not enough high-quality studies have been done to demonstrate it. ... Common benefits identified are stress reduction, development of coping skills, companionship, enjoyment, relaxation and a ... A Cochrane review published in 2004 found a trend toward benefit of speech and language therapy for children with cerebral ...
Magnesium oxide wallboard
2011-2013 Russian protests
Assassination of John F. Kennedy
Myths surrounding Mama Killa include that she cried tears of silver and that lunar eclipses were caused when she was being ... "benefits she bestows upon the world". She was important for calculating the passage of time and the calendar, because many ... Mama Killa was also believed to cry tears of silver. ...
Sense and Sensibility (film)
"Co-benefits analysis of air pollution and GHG emissions for Hyderabad, India" (PDF). Integrated Environmental Strategies ... "Laad bazaar traders cry foul". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 26 February 2008. Retrieved 22 February 2008 ... "Co-benefits from transportation sector: A case study-Hyderabad, India". Institute for Global Environmental Strategies. ...
Let it Out: The Benefits of Crying - Alternative Therapies - Anxiety | HealthCentral
In fact people who dont or cant seem to cry are frequently looked on as bottling up t ... They say theres nothing like a good cry for flushing out those negative emotions and feeling better afterwards. ... Some people never cry, others seem to cry all the time. So is crying really beneficial, or does it depend on the circumstances ... The physical effects of crying do indeed show that once crying stops, the body moves from a state of high arousal to one more ...
5 surprising health benefits of crying - GirlsLife
5 surprising health benefits of crying. Weve all been there: Youve had a long day at school, your parents are bugging you and ... When you cry in front of others, it provides the interpersonal benefit of clueing them into your emotional state. That way, ... 2. Crying can actually improve your mood. It may sound counterintuitive, but studies have shown that crying is a form of self- ... What benefits have you experienced from crying? Share in the comments below! ...
Releasing Emotion: The Benefits of a Good Cry | HealthyPlace
There are physical and mental benefits of a good cry. Read this. ... Releasing emotion through a good cry can help you get rid of ... The Health Benefits of a Good Cry. A good cry reduces stress levels. Similar to how sweat helps to removes toxins from your ... Tags: a good cry releasing emotion APA Reference. Fung, T. (2010, September 8). Releasing Emotion: The Benefits of a Good Cry, ... Releasing Emotion: The Benefits of a Good Cry. September 8, 2010 Theresa Fung ...
8 benefits of crying: Why do people cry and when is it time to see a doctor?
Is crying good for your health? Find out. ... Crying is a natural and often uncontrollable reaction we have ... But does crying have any health benefits?. It is not unusual to cry, and both sexes cry more than people may assume. In the ... Interestingly, humans are the only animals to cry tears. This article explores why we cry and what health benefits crying may ... Crying has a number of health benefits, but frequent crying may be a sign of depression. ...
The benefits of crying | Village News Online
The benefits of crying. CommentaryHealthy Habits December 18, 2018 Diane Merryman ... Have you ever heard of the expression, "I laughed until I cried?" I have a history of doing just that. In fact. over the years ... Feeling stressed during the holidays? Maybe all you need is a good cry. Shedding tears is actually a process your body uses to ... Feeling stressed during the holidays? Maybe all you need is a good cry. Shedding tears is actually a process your body uses to ...
Crying in the Studio Actually Offers These 3 Surprising Benefits - Dance Magazine
3. Crying can relieve pain. It may help to cry it out when you sustain an injury. Research has shown that crying stimulates our ... The truth is that science has proven that there are benefits to a good cry and that your tears serve a purpose in your overall ... Crying sends a signal to the people around you that you need their support. And in the same way that your body may tell you ... I cried when I got home after almost every performance I ever danced and it didnt matter if I had performed well or not. My ...
Crying foul - The Hindu
How to Have a Good Cry - Real Simple
The Benefits of a Breakdown. Why did we evolve to cry? The answer might lie, in part, in the tears. They contain special ... All cries, in a sense, are a cry for help or, at the very least, for some caretaking. "When we cry in public, we place a demand ... Far from irrelevant, crying helps us not only to process particular situations but perhaps even to benefit from them. Homo ... In other words, crying doesnt seem to get in the way of moving up the corporate ladder.) In a sense, crying spurs humans to ...
Blinking, crying and seeing stars
But why do they do all these things? Why do we blink? Why do we cry? What are the different types of tears? And how can you ... The many benefits of crying People shed tears of fear, sorrow, anger, joy, sympathy, desperation, pain, or simply because they ... We blink, cry and see stars - but what makes our eyes to react like that? Why do we blink? What role does our retina play? ... And thats not the only difference between men and women: women also cry more often, up to 64 times a year, while men typically ...
Why Do We Cry And What Is The Process Of Crying? | HubPages
Did you know that every time we cry our bodies produce different chemicals to help us through the pain? Amazingly tears can ... Crying can sometimes make one feel good and on other occasions crying can be sad. A well -informed hub on crying I enjoyed ... But there are many forms of crying. We cry when a baby is born because we are happy. We cry with grief, which in itself is a ... I never realized so many hormones were invoked in crying. Im a cryer - it doesnt take much to make me cry, but I cry more ...
Benefits of Crying - Tozali Online
First, why do we cry? There are very many different reasons why people cry. Some cry for joy, others cry for sorrows. ... Check OUT WHAT CRYING DOES TO US.. 1. Stress relief: Yes, crying actually helps us to relieve stress. Crying can help people ... Are there health and psychological benefits to derive from crying?. Most of us have had good reasons to cry from time to time, ... women are encouraged to cry it out; some cultures even condemn women who do not cry often enough. But is it necessary to cry at ...
Chop onions without crying | Wonderfulinfo
There are many benefits of memorizing 99 names of Allah. With the help of this APP you will also easily memorise 99 names of ... Home » Facts » Amazing Science Facts » Chop onions without crying. Chop onions without crying. August 20, 2014 in Amazing ... Basically, if you find a way to stop the odor of the onion going into your nose, youre not going to cry. Breathe through your ... Chewing gum or eating sugar cubes while peeling onions will keep you from crying. There are various methods, with proponents of ...
Cry for Human Basic Need : Turkana District, Kenya | ST JOSEPHS CATHOLIC PARISH's Fundraiser
IMRT Radiation Treatment Warning. Painful side affects. You will be screaming and crying. | Cancer Survivors Network
Select good doctors and know the risks and benefits. For anyone who has suffered from their treatments my heart goes out to you ... But most men will not be screaming and crying afterward. And if you go back and look at all the literature they gave you to ... This morning (2 months later), I heard him screaming and then crying on the bathroom floor. My husband is only 60 and he is ... Ive never seen him cry like this and it is heart-breaking. The doctors totally minimized the pain factor when they originally ...
Drug Lobbyists' Battle Cry Over Prices: Blame the Others - The New York Times
Express Scripts, a benefit manager, paid for the message. Its trade group, the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of ... Drug Lobbyists Battle Cry Over Prices: Blame the Others. By ERIC LIPTON and KATIE THOMAS. MAY 29, 2017. ... The pharmacy benefit managers are giants themselves. Two of the biggest, Express Scripts and CVS Health, which are among the ... How does drug pricing work? Video by Drug Benefit Solutions. Last month, the group hosted several hundred government officials ...
Shift in Generation Toward Natural Gas Fired Plants to Benefit Gas Utilities: A Wall Street Transcript Interview with...
Colic and Crying
Colic is when your otherwise healthy baby cries for three or more hours a day, three or more times a week, for at least three ... Understanding the purpose and benefits of incubators may help to ease your worries when your baby needs to be in an incubator. ... Your baby likely has colic if they cry for at least three hours a day and more than three days per week. The crying generally ... The intense crying might make it seem like your baby is going to be colicky forever. Infants usually outgrow colic by the time ...
Onion Benefits for Men: Epic Perks worth Crying For?
But have you ever heard about the massive onion benefits for men this veggie packs? ... Onion Benefits for Men: Epic Perks worth Crying For?. Medically reviewed by Ivan Kokhno Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of ... Categories BotanicalsTags benefits, daily diet, diet, health benefits, healthy diet, immune system, increase testosterone ... Men will also benefit from the detoxifying effect of onions on the body. It contains quercetin and kaempferol, two flavonoids ...
Nautilus Cries Fraud In Heart Rate Monitor Patent Spat - Law360
Fly or Cry: Is Airport Noise Costly?
Infant crying, fussing, and colic: A thinking parent's guide
Can you prevent infant crying by changing your approach to baby care? Parenting matters, but so, too, does your babys ... Carrying babies has many benefits, but it isnt a cure-all.. As noted above, keeping babies close may reduce infant distress. ... Take a young baby from his mother, and he will start to cry. Infants with secure emotional attachments will usually stop crying ... Are you coping with infant crying, fussing, or colic?. Babies everywhere cry, especially during the first 3 months after birth ...
Acupuncture Reduces Crying in Colicy Infants - FYI Living
New Acupuncture Benefit: Reduces Hot Flashes…in Men? March 28, 2011. Infant Colic Treatment An Alternative Medicine That Helps ... Crying in an infant is a stressful situation for the family. Infants suffering from colic often cry uncontrollably or continue ... The total duration of crying, colicky crying and fussing significantly decreased in infants receiving acupuncture, as compared ... Infants crying or fussing for at least three hours in a day, for three days or more in the same week, were included in this ...
When life gives you onions, no need to cry - Winnipeg Free Press
Cry Ugly Comic Strips - Page 9 | Dilbert by Scott Adams
Tags #acquired benefits, #adopt program, #blend benefits progarm, #blending, #evil director, #maternity leave, #merger approved ... 93 Results for Cry Ugly. View 81 - 90 results for cry ugly comic strips. Discover the best "Cry Ugly" comics from Dilbert.com. ... acquired companys benefits with our own. Alice, Dilbert, and Wally cry, WAAA! WAAA! WAAA! The Boss thinks, Apparently they ... But if I say one stern word to someone, they call me emotional. Dilbert: Ive seen you make men cry during meetings. Alice: ...
Why We Cry - Symptoms - Depression | HealthCentral
Not only will you recognize this sound, you may also react by crying yourself. Crying is a universal expressi ... The sound of crying is a sound which is instantly recognized by people all over the world. ... The Health Benefits of Tears (Psychology Today). • The Psychology of Crying (Science Daily) ... Why We Cry (Womens Health). Now we want to hear from you. Do you feel that crying is a symptom of your depression? Do you cry ...
5 reasons why crying is actually good for you and your eyes | Optimax
People cry for a whole host of different reasons, whether thats feeling happy, sad, overwhelmed… or maybe theyre just ... What are the benefits of crying?. Crying has multiple benefits, both psychological and physiological. Each person produces ... Why do we cry?. People cry for a whole host of different reasons, whether thats feeling happy, sad, overwhelmed... or maybe ... There are actually social benefits that come with shedding tears. Humans are the only creatures that cry emotional tears, ...
Eyebrow Threading & Waxing Browbars | Benefit Cosmetics
So bad I started crying!. Destiny. Location: Salt Lake City, UT. Eyes: Green ... very thin and not a lot of shape to them however benefit changed that, I truly recommend going to benefit if you consider ... I went to Benefit believing that I would get a good result as they claim to be brow specialists. What I got was uneven, badly ... I went to Benefit Brow Bar in debenhams Newcastle and I am super impressed! Ive been to other brow places but I wont be going ...
peachy on HubPages
3 Benefits of Crying ( Tears ). 7 years ago. Do not be mistaken that crying does not mean that you are weak or a cry baby. ... 4 Gossiping Benefits That You Didnt Know!. 4 years ago. Gossip may not be bad after all if you look it at the bright side. ... The Benefits of Board Games for Kids. 8 years ago. Every kids and adults love to play board games. Playing board games are not ... Beancurd Benefits and Simple Recipes. 3 months ago. Beancurd is healthy for all ages. Best known to lower cholesterol level and ...
Diseases | Page 3 | TreeHugger
Reid to Republicans: "Stop crying over reconciliation" - Live Pulse - POLITICO.com
It will result in higher premiums and less benefits (care) for the 85% of us who are insured. It keeps the Louisiana Purchase ... Who is crying? Where did you get that idea? The Republicans are fighting it. Do you understand, not crying ( thats for wimpy ... Reid to Republicans: "Stop crying over reconciliation" - Live Pulse: Reid to Republicans: "Stop crying over reconciliation" ... Odd how Republicans cry about Democats "shoving this down their throats" as if a majority isnt what voting is all about. More ...
TearsBaby's criesColicActivates the parasympathetic nervouEmotionEndorphinsBabies cryBehaviorPhysiologicalInfantEmotionsInfant'sMoodOnionWorld'sTimeReducesGoodWolfCaregiversPsychologicalHormonesPeopleDistressSurprising BenefitsAnger2017EmotionallyHassonHumansFrequentAttachmentHealthResearchersRelieve stressDurationPeople'sNoseAnxietyBehavioursSootheFoundDescribePhysicalSoothingTend to feelPainHealthyStopsCharles DarwinDepressive episodeSadnessParentalFeel betterHungry
- Interestingly, humans are the only animals to cry tears. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- When people talk about crying, they are usually referring to emotional tears. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- People may try to suppress tears if they see them as a sign of weakness, but science suggests that doing so could mean missing out on a range of benefits. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- When humans cry in response to stress, their tears contain a number of stress hormones and other chemicals. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Emotional tears have the ability to improve breathing and heart rate after the crying spell, relieving the tension associated with the cause of the event. (villagenewsonline.com)
- The truth is that science has proven that there are benefits to a good cry and that your tears serve a purpose in your overall wellbeing. (dancemagazine.com)
- Researchers can try to induce tears with sad movies and attempt to assess the brain and the heart with electrodes, but most crying arrives unannounced, unforced, and in private. (realsimple.com)
- How the crier feels about her tears, and what benefits she thinks she reaps from them, can be muddled (or enhanced) by the passage of time. (realsimple.com)
- Homo sapiens are the only creatures on earth who cry, emotional tears and all. (realsimple.com)
- Tears also often tend to come when people are experiencing mixed emotions," says Tom Lutz, the author of Crying: The Natural & Cultural History of Tears ($23, amazon.com ). (realsimple.com)
- In a landmark 1983 study on crying published in the journal Integrative Psychiatry , participants reported that their tears flowed for as little as two seconds and as long as 42 minutes. (realsimple.com)
- Things get more complicated when it comes to emotional tears, the ones we cry when we're experiencing emotions such as sorrow or joy. (zeiss.com)
- We cry with grief, which in itself is a completely different feeling, but still the tears come. (hubpages.com)
- And onion crying for example produce tears that stimulates the lachrymal glands. (hubpages.com)
- No, no one wants to cry over a bad situation, but at least the tears are helping the body by shedding toxins. (tozalionline.com)
- Crying itself doesn't necessarily lower your blood pressure, but holding back those tears can build up stress, which actually heightens blood pressure. (tozalionline.com)
- Doctor William Frey , Ph.D., biochemist and author of Crying: The Mystery of Tears , found some intriguing results from his studies on tears at the Ramsey Medical Center in Minneapolis. (healthcentral.com)
- There are many songs which can induce tears such as this standard called Crying , as sung by Roy Orbison. (healthcentral.com)
- I have had it go both ways where I have had depressive episodes where I could not stop the tears and other times when I felt like an emotional desert and I simply didn't have the energy to cry. (healthcentral.com)
- Experiencing pain can often be a trigger for tears, as crying is thought to have " pain-relieving effects " and is therefore the body's natural response to severe physical discomfort. (optimax.co.uk)
- We'll discuss the benefits of these types of tears in greater depth later, but it's clear to see that, even on a basic level, tears have the purpose of making us feel better after instances of pain or intense emotion. (optimax.co.uk)
- Each person produces between 15 and 30 gallons of tears each year with women crying on average 64 times a year, and men 17 times a year . (optimax.co.uk)
- Although no one has been able to confirm exactly why women cry more, it's important to note than men have smaller tear ducts and that their emotional tears contain 60% less prolactin . (optimax.co.uk)
- There are actually social benefits that come with shedding tears. (optimax.co.uk)
- Humans are the only creatures that cry emotional tears , perhaps contributing to our status as the most social beings on the planet, with the most sophisticated language and communication. (optimax.co.uk)
- Tears have actually been found to promote social bonding, and studies show that people who cry and are comforted by friends and family actually feel better after crying than people who didn't cry, but were still comforted. (optimax.co.uk)
- One guy said that he can't cry when he's in the midst of a deep depression, so it's a sign of recovery once he is able to shed tears. (psychcentral.com)
- Scientifically speaking, the phenomenon we refer to as crying occurs due to the lacrimal gland located between your eyeball and eyelid, which produces tears. (mercola.com)
- 4 Shedding emotional tears, or "crying," also serves an important purpose, however, with research building that crying may offer numerous physical and mental advantages. (mercola.com)
- As humans, we are hardwired to cry and are the only beings on the planet to shed emotional tears, with the possible exception of elephants and gorillas, although that has yet to be proven. (howstuffworks.com)
- In this article you will read about how crying is perceived in today's society and how men and women differ both physically and emotionally as it relates to shedding tears. (howstuffworks.com)
- We'll also discuss the physiology behind crying, the various types of tears and how crying may actually help you avoid and diagnose health problems. (howstuffworks.com)
- Crying is defined as shedding of tears. (wikiversity.org)
- These tears explain why people develop runny noses when they have a good cry. (wikiversity.org)
- Emotional tears are associated with psychological reasons of crying. (wikiversity.org)
- When you cry, tears roll down your face. (wikiversity.org)
- There are three types of tears, each with different benefits and causes. (reference.com)
- The feelings and the tears came back eventually and now I cry whenever I see a sad movie. (medhelp.org)
- All tears have those effects, not just the emotional tears of crying. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- Professor William Frey, PhD, of the University of Minnesota, author of Crying: The Mystery of Tears, says, "I have suggested that we may feel better after crying because we are literally crying it out. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- Chemicals that build up during emotional stress may be removed in our tears when we cry. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- And the German writer Goethe said, "It's not the tears we cry that hurt us, but the ones we struggle not to cry, for they drip within our sad and weary hearts. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- I would guess those tears may have similar benefits to crying from sadness, but I couldn't find any research on them. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- As children, we're taught that tears are a sign of weakness and that therefore crying should be avoided. (wordpress.com)
- As we tell the people we work with in our anorexia treatment center in Roseville , letting the tears flow can provide a number of mental and emotional health benefits. (wordpress.com)
- Amidst a continuous stream of salty tears slowly sliding down our check, making our eyes puffy and temporary blurring our vision, do you ever wonder what emotional or physical benefits this suspended state of helplessness could have on our delicate and fragile physic? (emmaspawprints.com)
- Discover the magical world of Cry Babies Magic Tears! (booksamillion.com)
- As you unbox the mystery bottle house you will reveal the cutest little Cry Baby Magic Tears that comes with 8 fun accessories: a bottle, a bow, a pacifier, a chair, and 4 accessories unique to each doll (2 personalized to each character, a blanket, and a sticker sheet)! (booksamillion.com)
- Fill the bottle with water to feed your Cry Baby Magic Tears and watch as they magically cry real tears when you press their bellies. (booksamillion.com)
- My analysis suggests that by blurring vision, tears lower defences and reliably function as signals of submission, a cry for help, and even in a mutual display of attachment and as a group display of cohesion," he reports," Dr. Hasson added. (medindia.net)
- Crying is a complex physiologic mechanism involving the face and facial expression, the respiratory system and breathing patterns, secretory mechanisms including tears from the eyes and mucus from the nose, as well as the muscular-skeletal system and specific demonstrations as we see when a child goes into a tantrum or an adult experiences a sudden catastrophe. (thenationonlineng.net)
- Why Crying Does and Sometimes Does Not Seem to Alleviate Mood QUESTION Having the capacity to shed emotional tears is a behavior that is uniquely human. (bartleby.com)
- The emotions are contained in the words the griever speaks, not in the tears they cry. (tributes.com)
- And this baby's cries are so contagious that it makes the family dog cry. (healthcentral.com)
- Among parents of infants these days, there is constant debate about how to respond to a baby's cries. (drbenkim.com)
- For instance, Efe caregivers in Africa respond to a baby's cries within ten seconds at least 85% of the time when the baby is between three and seven weeks, and 75% of the time when the baby is seventeen weeks. (drbenkim.com)
- Colic is when your otherwise healthy baby cries for three or more hours a day, three or more times a week, for at least three weeks. (healthline.com)
- Your baby likely has colic if they cry for at least three hours a day and more than three days per week. (healthline.com)
- Are you coping with infant crying, fussing, or colic ? (parentingscience.com)
- This study focused on investigating whether acupuncture could be an effective treatment for decreasing the period and amount of crying in infants suffering from colic. (fyiliving.com)
- Infants fussing, crying or whimpering, presumably due to stomach or intestinal discomfort or allergy to cow's milk is called colic. (fyiliving.com)
- Infants suffering from colic often cry uncontrollably or continue to whimper even when carried by adults. (fyiliving.com)
- This study demonstrated that minimal acupuncture curtailed the duration and decreased the intensity of crying in infants with colic, without side effects. (fyiliving.com)
- This could mean that the clinical definition of colic does not match the parent's experience of what they understand to be colic, and also that parents may overestimate their babies' crying. (fyiliving.com)
- OBJECTIVE To examine whether probiotics are effective in the prevention/management of crying ("colic") in infants 3 months or younger. (nih.gov)
- STUDY SELECTION Studies that randomized infants 3 months or younger to oral probiotics vs placebo or no or standard treatment with the outcome of infant crying, measured as the duration or number of episodes of infant crying/distress or diagnosis of "infant colic. (nih.gov)
- MAIN OUTCOME(S) AND MEASURE(S) Infant crying, measured as the duration or number of episodes of infant crying/distress, or diagnosis of "infant colic. (nih.gov)
- CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Although L reuteri may be effective as treatment for crying in exclusively breastfed infants with colic, there is still insufficient evidence to support probiotic use to manage colic, especially in formula-fed infants, or to prevent infant crying. (nih.gov)
- Colic" is an out-dated term used to describe excessive crying. (rch.org.au)
Activates the parasympathetic nervou2
- The study explained how crying activates the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS), which helps people relax. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Ultimately, it was concluded that crying activates the parasympathetic nervous system, 7 which induces the relaxation response (similar to other stress-reducing activities, like deep breathing ). (mercola.com)
- The duration of a crying session depends on the level of emotion. (realsimple.com)
- Crying is a universal expression of extreme emotion. (healthcentral.com)
- Crying occurs predominantly in situations characterized by separation, loss and helplessness, and being overwhelmed by strong emotion, be it negative or positive. (mercola.com)
- Research published in Motivation and Emotion found those who cried during an emotional film had significantly increased negative moods right after while non-criers' moods remained unchanged. (mercola.com)
- Botelho (1964) said that crying is a typical way for human to express their emotion. (wikiversity.org)
- Cathartic theories Sigmund Freud and his colleague Breuer (1974) found that crying was a cathartic process and a healing process that occurred after experiencing any extreme change in emotion. (wikiversity.org)
- Especially the idea that many people will communicate tremendous depth of emotion and never shed a tear, while others cry all the time but don't seem to complete the pain, nor derive any long term benefit from crying. (tributes.com)
- A good cry r eleases endorphins. (healthyplace.com)
- Research has shown that crying stimulates our body's production of endorphins like oxytocin, a natural pain killer. (dancemagazine.com)
- Crying actually releases endorphins into the body. (tozalionline.com)
- The act of crying releases endorphins in your body, which are those pleasure-inducing hormones known to reduce pain. (emmaspawprints.com)
- Given that endorphins also make you feel pretty great in general, it might also explain the positive effects of crying found in the current study . (emmaspawprints.com)
- Parents can have an important effect on the amount of time babies cry. (parentingscience.com)
- We all know that babies cry. (healthcentral.com)
- In babies, the latter is obvious, as babies cry in order to get attention from adults around them. (mercola.com)
- Do babies cry more when they are attended to? (drbenkim.com)
- Babies cry for different reasons, usually trying to communicate their needs. (millerandzois.com)
- There is no running away from the fact that babies cry. (thepregnancyzone.com)
- 1. Carried babies cry less! (babyktan.com)
- In cultures where babies are carried almost continuously, babies cry much less than those in non-carrying cultures. (babyktan.com)
- As this 2016 study explains, crying is primarily an attachment behavior, as it rallies support from the people around us. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Crying is a truly subjective behavior and is uniquely felt and expressed by each individual. (healthcentral.com)
- Crying is being considered as a form of self-soothing behavior, i.e., something that can help to calm you down when you feel upset. (mercola.com)
- Even in adults, however, it's been suggested that crying promotes empathy and prosocial behavior, facilitates social bonding and reduces aggression, the study noted. (mercola.com)
- Crying is a highly evolved behavior. (medindia.net)
- So, the impulse to cry may be a physiological response in order to reduce your stress. (dancemagazine.com)
- Crying has multiple benefits, both psychological and physiological. (optimax.co.uk)
- There are a number of reasons why we cry: (1) Physiological reasons, (2) Evolutionary reasons, (3) Psychological or emotional reasons, and (4) Cultural and social reasons. (wikiversity.org)
- Reductionist theories Reductionists take a physiological approach to explain crying. (wikiversity.org)
- CRY were the first to provide information on the physiological upper limits of cardiac dimensions in adult National British athletes (Published in European Journal of Applied Physiology). (c-r-y.org.uk)
- Crying is normal physiological behaviour in young infants. (rch.org.au)
- Although there may be no innate physiological difference between males and females when it comes to crying, we must still ask, what purpose or value, if any, does crying have in recovery from loss. (tributes.com)
- Holding your infant when they aren't fussy may reduce the amount of crying later in the day. (healthline.com)
- 7. Contrary to folk beliefs about the dangers of "spoiling" an infant, young babies seem to cry less when they are indulged. (parentingscience.com)
- This doesn't mean that parental emotions are the primary cause of excessive infant crying or irritability. (parentingscience.com)
- Crying in an infant is a stressful situation for the family. (fyiliving.com)
- IMPORTANCE Excessive infant crying is common, distressing, but without proven effective prevention or management options. (nih.gov)
- What are the emotional consequences of crying for the infant when she is left unattended? (drbenkim.com)
- Studies of parent-child attachment, parental satisfaction and infant crying all point to babywearing as an ideal solution for parents to provide an optimum environment for attachment between parent and child. (wikipedia.org)
- Baby carriers and slings help increase the number of hours a day an infant is held, and there is an inverse relationship between the number of hours spent crying and the number of hours a child is held in a given day. (wikipedia.org)
- Even three hours per day of babywearing reduces infant crying significantly, and at 13 months, babies who have been in soft carriers regularly are significantly more likely to be securely attached than babies who are carried in hard carriers. (wikipedia.org)
- Parental education and close follow-up are vital to managing the unsettled or crying infant. (rch.org.au)
- The infant was very agitated and displayed the high-pitched painful cries throughout her evaluation. (chiro.org)
- They say there's nothing like a good cry for flushing out those negative emotions and feeling better afterwards. (healthcentral.com)
- In fact people who don't or can't seem to cry are frequently looked on as bottling up their emotions and storing up problems for later in life. (healthcentral.com)
- While no man (or woman) wants to be known as the Weeping Willow (especially at the office), crying is a natural, human response and lets us convey a range of emotions including happiness, sadness, frustration, or anger. (healthyplace.com)
- Crying is a natural response humans have to a range of emotions, including sadness, grief, joy, and frustration. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Crying is a natural response to emotions or irritants like dust in the eyes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Even Charles Darwin wrote that crying may be "incidental" in his 1872 book The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals ($8, amazon.com ). (realsimple.com)
- On a psychological level crying is a real release of pent up emotions which give you a feeling of calmness after the storm. (hubpages.com)
- Crying can help people deal with many different kinds of stresses, "pressure, frustration, sorrow or anger any negative emotions. (tozalionline.com)
- Women also cry "more intensely", according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, perhaps as a result of societal expectations that men to conceal their emotions more. (optimax.co.uk)
- Some wished they COULD cry, that meds have leveled out their emotions too much. (psychcentral.com)
- A range of emotions can evoke crying, and they're not all bad. (healthline.com)
- Crying reduces stress, helps to deal with sorrow and other deep emotions and entices physical contact. (reference.com)
- Researchers at the University of South Florida suggest that crying is so beneficial that "weeping therapy" might be "suitable for people who have difficulty expressing their emotions. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- have found that for me, it's quite damaging to ignore the emotions… If I ignore them, they cry loudly for attention, and if I keep ignoring them, they hit or even bite me. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- Some people cry from happiness, from anger, or from a variety of other emotions. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- An infant's cry is also intended to increase the likelihood of its survival, as a mother's instinct is usually to go to her child at the first sign of distress. (drbenkim.com)
- Caregivers in 78% of the world's cultures respond quickly to an infant's cries. (drbenkim.com)
- In contrast, American and Dutch caregivers have been found to be deliberately unresponsive to an infant's cries almost 50% of the time during the baby's first three months. (drbenkim.com)
- After you've cried a bit, our endocrine system releases "feel-good" hormones that helps to stabilize our mood and enable us to feel better again. (healthyplace.com)
- Only a minority of crying episodes were associated with mood improvement - against conventional wisdom. (psychcentral.com)
- Another paradox of crying is that while it may initially make you feel worse, it tends to ultimately boost your mood and even relieve physical pain. (mercola.com)
- This pattern is often found in retrospective studies where people are asked to rate their mood levels after having experienced a good cry," said lead author Asmir Gracanin of the University of Tilburg in the Netherlands. (emmaspawprints.com)
- There have been prior retrospective self-report studies where research findings support the claim that crying is followed by emotional relief, and leads to decreases in negative mood and increases in positive mood. (bartleby.com)
- Whereas, in laboratory studies, crying is induced by exposing participants to emotional films, which show consistent decreases in mood immediately after watching the films. (bartleby.com)
- Basically, if you find a way to stop the odor of the onion going into your nose, you're not going to cry. (wonderfulinfo.com)
- Onion Benefits for Men: Epic Perks worth Crying For? (anabolichealth.com)
- But have you ever heard about the massive onion benefits for men this veggie packs? (anabolichealth.com)
- Life is an onion - you peel it year by year and sometimes cry. (wikiversity.org)
- Some people never cry, others seem to cry all the time. (healthcentral.com)
- Breathing and heart rate slows, sweating decreases and the period of the relaxed state tends to last longer than the time spent crying. (healthcentral.com)
- Those who derive the greatest benefit appear to have received a good level of emotional support from others at the time they cried. (healthcentral.com)
- So the next time you have a bad day at work and want to release some negative energy, try going to your room, playing some music and sobbing your eyes out for a bit ( Crying Out Bipolar Depression ). (healthyplace.com)
- 8 benefits of crying: Why do people cry and when is it time to see a doctor? (medicalnewstoday.com)
- I was stunned the first time she cried in front of me. (dancemagazine.com)
- Most of us have had good reasons to cry from time to time, though some of us are like a rock and never or hardly ever cry. (tozalionline.com)
- The crying generally begins at the same time of day. (healthline.com)
- When chimpanzee infants are cradled by their mothers 100% of the time, they cry less than when they are held by the moms only 25% of the time (Bard 2004). (parentingscience.com)
- First, we have the mucus layer which keeps your eye's moisture attached to the eye - so you're not crying all the time! (optimax.co.uk)
- At one time or another, nearly all of us have felt better after a good cry. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- Cross-cultural studies also show that parents in non-Western societies are quicker than parents in Western societies to respond to their crying babies, and babies in non-Western societies cry for shorter spans of time. (drbenkim.com)
- At the same time, it was noted that a significant number of these children actually had acid reflux that caused the crying. (ababy.com)
- The last time I broke down and cried at work was in front of my horrible, mean manager. (healingwell.com)
- When was the last time you had a good cry? (emmaspawprints.com)
- While some babies tolerate a dirty diaper for a long time, others may let you know right away by crying. (thepregnancyzone.com)
- From time to time, we have even alluded to the published studies that indicate that women cry, on average, five times more than men. (tributes.com)
- The other night, as I sat watching a romantic comedy on television (no need to display my bad taste in movies by naming the show in question), I enjoyed a good cry. (healthyplace.com)
- As I'm sure a few other saps who are reading this might tell you, you often feel better after having a good cry . (healthyplace.com)
- And many studies show that crying may actually be good for your health. (healthyplace.com)
- A good cry c leans and lubricates your eyes. (healthyplace.com)
- Maybe all you need is a good cry. (villagenewsonline.com)
- We all love a good cry. (hubpages.com)
- Somehow a good cry tends to make us feel better, or if not better then relieved in some small way. (hubpages.com)
- If you think about it, after we have a good cry we do feel better. (hubpages.com)
- If you need to clean your eyes, try a good cry. (tozalionline.com)
- There are those who seek out a good cathartic cry. (healthcentral.com)
- When you're feeling stressed, angry or anxious, having a good cry can leave you feeling inexplicably better. (mercola.com)
- So unless you're a saltwater crocodile , who cries only to excrete excess saltwater, chances are you have had a good old-fashioned cryfest at some point recently (it's OK to blame it on 'Beaches' if you really want to -- we won't tell). (howstuffworks.com)
- When is it good to cry? (wikiversity.org)
- Frequent crying is not always good for a person. (reference.com)
- I want to cry when I listen to a good song for god's sake! (medhelp.org)
- Bowlby and colleagues initiated a series of studies where children between the ages of one and two who had good relationships with their mothers were separated from them and left to cry it out. (drbenkim.com)
- An admirer of Leonard suggested Monday even if it was "a pity party," that was a good thing because Leonard could still cry if he wanted to. (lfpress.com)
- So even when the grief exists, you just need a good cry to feel better. (emmaspawprints.com)
- It is, therefore, logical to conclude from the benefit criteria alone that no Arab or Muslim was involved in the 9-11 terror, let alone followers of Al-Qaeda or the Taliban, who are perceived to be good Muslims by over 80% of the Muslim world. (mediamonitors.net)
- While crying is a healthy response to a stressful situation, settling in for "a good cry" every day is unlikely to quell the ill effects of stress on your body. (mercola.com)
- tired of crying wolf! (medhelp.org)
- I tild my partner i feel like um crying wolf cause nothing is happening! (medhelp.org)
- New LHC Results Hint At New Physics… But Are We Crying Wolf? (scienceblogs.com)
- Also unique to The Boy Who Cried Warming is that the story of the film runs parallel to the Aesop fable The Boy Who Cried Wolf . (topdocumentaryfilms.com)
- The Wolff-Chaikoff Effect: Crying Wolf? (optimox.com)
- Crying Wolf? (optimox.com)
- 2. Babies tend to cry when they are out-of-contact with their primary caregivers. (parentingscience.com)
- Infants in non-Western societies have been found to fuss just as frequently as those in Western societies, but due to the prompt response of caregivers in non-Western societies, the overall cumulative duration of crying is less than what occurs in Western societies. (drbenkim.com)
- So is crying really beneficial, or does it depend on the circumstances Psychologists have recently published the results from 3000 crying experiences, in the December issue of Current Directions in Psychological Science . (healthcentral.com)
- Are there health and psychological benefits to derive from crying? (tozalionline.com)
- If we understand about the purpose of crying and its benefits, crying can be more helpful for you in terms of your physical and psychological health. (wikiversity.org)
- This chapter will mainly focus on the reasons of crying and how beneficial crying is for us through psychological theories. (wikiversity.org)
- In more natural settings, most people report feeling better after crying. (healthcentral.com)
- For some people, they actually remember the positive side of crying more than the crying itself, so the reinforcing effects that follow a bout of crying could account for this. (healthcentral.com)
- In cases where people lack insight into their emotional lives, a condition known as alexithymia, they actually feel worse after crying. (healthcentral.com)
- You know how sometimes people joke that they're just sweating through their eyes when they cry? (girlslife.com)
- It is not unusual to cry, and both sexes cry more than people may assume. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Why do people cry? (medicalnewstoday.com)
- A 2014 study found that crying may have a direct, self-soothing effect on people. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Crying sends a signal to the people around you that you need their support. (dancemagazine.com)
- In fact, people who love and care about what they do are more likely to cry at work . (dancemagazine.com)
- Many of us cry for a different reason than what people think we are crying over. (hubpages.com)
- Many people, especially men, have been made to believe that there is something shameful or weak about crying. (tozalionline.com)
- There are very many different reasons why people cry. (tozalionline.com)
- The sound of crying is a sound which is instantly recognized by people all over the world. (healthcentral.com)
- But most people cry because they are feeling sad. (healthcentral.com)
- Yet it is true that not all people will cry when depressed. (healthcentral.com)
- It seems to not be as big a deal for people to cry and even publicly. (healthcentral.com)
- There are many people who are simply more sensitive individuals than the rest of the world and crying may be a more frequent experience for such a person. (healthcentral.com)
- People cry for a whole host of different reasons, whether that's feeling happy, sad, overwhelmed. (optimax.co.uk)
- Crying is not nearly as beneficial as people think it is," he said. (psychcentral.com)
- Crying signals to yourself and other people that there's some important problem that is at least temporarily beyond your ability to cope … It very much is an outgrowth of where crying comes from originally. (mercola.com)
- The first thing we do after being born is to cry, and the last thing we do when people die is to cry. (wikiversity.org)
- It seems that many people do not know exactly what crying is about despite its importance. (wikiversity.org)
- Nearly 89% of people say they feel better after crying. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- Still, research shows that most people look favorably on people who cry, whether male or female. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- People were crying. (sfgate.com)
- The health benefits you get from a bike ride far outweigh the risks from breathing in the air that's being polluted by the people who are not biking. (fastcompany.com)
- In Crying-Part One, we focused on the idea that it can be dangerous and counterproductive to attach our personal ideas and beliefs to how other people express their grief. (tributes.com)
- The human capacity to cry emotionally may signify our unique ability to show compassion and empathy, says Michael Trimble, M.D., a professor emeritus of behavioral neurology at the Institute of Neurology, in London, and the author of Why Humans Like to Cry ($30, amazon.com ). (realsimple.com)
- But if we cry over something really sad we tend to feel really tired and emotionally drained. (hubpages.com)
- There were those that said once they start crying they can't stop and feel emotionally exhausted afterward, so they try really hard not to start. (psychcentral.com)
- Charles Darwin suggested that animals cry emotionally, however, modern scientists argue that human beings are the only animal capable of crying emotionally. (wikiversity.org)
- Results of studies in psychology indicate the AP approach to crying is most likely to result in an emotionally and physically healthy child. (drbenkim.com)
- As we grow older, we are less apt to cry in pain and more apt to cry as a result of loss, separation, and powerlessness and to experience empathetic crying," says Ad Vinger-hoets, Ph.D., a psychologist at Tilburg University, in the Netherlands, and the author of the recent book Why Only Humans Weep ($65, amazon.com ). (realsimple.com)
- Crying plays an important role for humans to survive (Darwin, 1872). (wikiversity.org)
- Crying is an overt response, a signal to the surrounding (e.g. other humans, a child's parents) that something is wrong or unacceptable. (thenationonlineng.net)
- In the interest of evidence-based practice on the chiropractic care of children, we describe the successful care of a pediatric patient with multiple symptoms consisting of frequently interrupted sleep, excessive intestinal gas, frequent vomiting, excessive crying, difficulty breastfeeding, plagiocephaly and torticollis. (chiro.org)
- According to her mother, the patient suffered from frequently interrupted sleep, excessive intestinal gas, frequent vomiting, and excessive crying and difficulty breastfeeding. (chiro.org)
- On the other hand, there are the "attachment parents" who respond immediately to their crying babies and attempt to soothe them using various methods including holding and cuddling. (drbenkim.com)
- While the cry-it-out method (CIO) has been popular in previous years, attachment parenting (AP) is gaining a foothold among new parents today. (drbenkim.com)
- One of Sears' principles of attachment parenting is babywearing and he attributes many benefits to babywearing and the in-arms style of parenting. (wikipedia.org)
- While this might seem like a bad sign, researchers have found evidence that crying actually provides a variety of health benefits. (girlslife.com)
- But does crying have any health benefits? (medicalnewstoday.com)
- This article explores why we cry and what health benefits crying may have. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- As they crowded into lawmakers' offices, describing themselves as the industry's "white hats," they pointed a finger at pharmacy benefit managers like Express Scripts and CVS Health, which handle the drug coverage of millions of Americans. (nytimes.com)
- said Tuesday that Republicans should 'stop crying over reconciliation' as the two parties prepare to meet with President Barack Obama to discuss the future of health care reform. (politico.com)
- The "namida sensei" lectures across the country to encourage crying for stress relief and better mental health. (treehugger.com)
- Should You Cry for Health? (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- Parents are afraid to enroll in any of these public benefit programs, and so it is already having an impact on children's health, which has long-term impacts on their future," she states. (publicnewsservice.org)
- A key component of economic evaluation is how to value the benefits of health care in a way that permits comparison between health care interventions, such as through costs per quality-adjusted life years (QALY). (oup.com)
- Measuring and Valuing Health Benefits for Economic Evaluation examines the measurement and valuation of health benefits, reviews the explosion of theoretical and empirical work in the field, and explores an area of research that continues to be a major source of debate. (oup.com)
- This is an ideal resource for anyone wishing to gain a specialised understanding of health benefit measurement in economic evaluation, especially those working in the fields of health economics, public sector economics, pharmacoeconomics, health services research, public health, and quality of life research. (oup.com)
- The study was funded with a grant from the Hass Avocado Board (HAB), an industry group that promotes research about the health benefits of eating avocados. (huffpost.com)
- Joan Williams, public information officer for the state benefits administration that oversees the plan, said the state spent more than $1.63 billion on plan expenses in 2018, and more than 26% of that was on drugs - higher than any other category of health care. (timesfreepress.com)
- Might that negate the health benefits that moving on the bike affords? (fastcompany.com)
- A new study from the University of Cambridge compared the health benefits of cycling and walking every day, with the health impact of breathing in more dirty air. (fastcompany.com)
- This study indicates that, practically, air pollution risks will not negate the health benefits of active travel in urban areas in the vast majority of settings worldwide," writes Tainio. (fastcompany.com)
- Researchers believe that crying could reduce the levels of these chemicals in the body, which could, in turn, reduce stress. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The researchers in this study claim that the empirical support for the notion that crying facilities recovery and brings relief is mixed and defined by the nature of the study due to discrepant results. (bartleby.com)
- Therefore, the researchers in this study are left with a general question of, "Does crying bring relief? (bartleby.com)
- The total duration of crying, colicky crying and fussing significantly decreased in infants receiving acupuncture, as compared to infants that did not receive this procedure. (fyiliving.com)
- CIO proponents often advise that babies left to cry will eventually stop, and the duration of future crying bouts will decrease. (drbenkim.com)
- In a sense, you end up "crying" out of your nose. (realsimple.com)
- In the middle of a depressive episode, especially, crying happens as naturally as sneezing or blowing your nose. (psychcentral.com)
- When you blink, the fluid gets dispersed over your eye, then drains via your lacrimal punctum and nose, which is why crying makes your nose run. (mercola.com)
- Your baby's constant crying can cause stress and anxiety because nothing seems to alleviate it. (healthline.com)
- Crying also lowers the level of manganese, which triggers anxiety , nervousness, and aggression. (psychcentral.com)
- Crying is a natural reaction to stress, fear, and anxiety . (healthline.com)
- I am afraid to go to work because I am afraid I will get an anxiety attack and start crying again. (healingwell.com)
- Crying has been found to lower blood pressure and pulse rate. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- Doctors and counselors who have explored how crying impacts our physical and emotional wellbeing have found that crying: Read more from this blog. (wordpress.com)
- However, they found that this was not sufficient and decided to come up with an alternative and more specific question of "For whom, and under which specific conditions, does crying bring relief? (bartleby.com)
- The physical effects of crying do indeed show that once crying stops, the body moves from a state of high arousal to one more associated with relaxation. (healthcentral.com)
- Intense physical sexual pleasure can definitely overwhelm, and it's not surprising that you would cry. (healthline.com)
- Crying may also be a mechanism for reducing tension and intense physical arousal. (healthline.com)
- Crying relieves those physical responses (APS, 2008). (wikiversity.org)
- So right there's a nondrug, measurable, physical benefit. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- The most ridiculous premise was that there was no physical basis for the crying and that the infants were not in pain. (ababy.com)
- Failing to find any valid studies on crying that would support a physical distinction by gender, we did a little of our own research. (tributes.com)
- Let us say that crying can represent a physical demonstration of emotional energy attached to a reminder of someone or something that has some significance for you. (tributes.com)
Tend to feel1
- 3. Crying can relieve pain. (dancemagazine.com)
- Babies may cry because they are hungry, distressed, or feeling pain. (parentingscience.com)
- First, when we are in pain, our body alerts us by crying. (wikiversity.org)
- In fact, I haven't cried since 2007( I cried back then because my neck was in so much pain). (medhelp.org)
- Combine this with the benefits for mother - decreased risk of postpartum depression , increased milk production, increased pain tolerance, and reduced postpartum bleeding, cortisol levels and blood pressure - and skin-to-skin contact looks to be an incredibly important part of newborn care! (attachmentparenting.org)
- Because, believe it or not, crying is actually healthy for us in numerous ways. (tozalionline.com)
- Is crying healthy? (reference.com)
- And don't forget that laughter may be just as healthy, or healthier than crying. (diabetesselfmanagement.com)
- However, common sense and a growing body of research is indicating that on the contrary, having a vigorous cry periodically is a very healthy thing to do. (wordpress.com)
- These babies can be thriving and healthy, but crying is a real problem. (ababy.com)
- No-Cry Picky Eater Solution: Gentle Ways to Encourage Your Child to Eat--and Eat Healthy 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. (barnesandnoble.com)
- It means that to be able to cry well, we need to be fit and healthy in body, mind, and spirit. (thenationonlineng.net)