Pattern Recognition, Visual
Cognitive dysfunction in children with sleep disorders. (1/8)Sleep is basic for physical and cognitive development and some studies have suggested that there may be an association between sleep disorders (SD) and cognitive dysfunction (CD) in children. Little is known, however, about SD and cognition in 7-10-year-old children, a fact that motivated the present study. METHOD: We applied an SD questionnaire in 1180 children, 547 with SD and 633 without SD (CG), to assess cognition with a screening test (Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test - BT). RESULTS: We observed a similar frequency of CD in the children with SD (39%) and that ot the CG (40%). The 8-year-old children with SD presented a lower prevalence of CD than the CG (SD=6%, n=6; CG=13%, n=16; p=0.04). CONCLUSION: The frequency of children with CD was equal in the study and control groups when considering the total sample (7- to 10-year-old children). In contrast to our expectations, the SD group of 8-year-old children presented a lower frequency of CD than the control group. (+info)
Sleep disorders are associated with impulsivity in school children aged 8 to 10 years. (2/8)CONTEXT: Sleep has an important function in the physical and emotional development of children. Some studies suggest an association between impulsivity and sleep disorders. However, little is known about this association in schoolchildren aged 8 to 10 years. METHOD: We studied 1180 children, 547 with sleep disorders (SD) and 633 without SD (control group), classified with SD questionnaires. Within the SD group, 53 children with sleep-related respiratory disorders (SRRD) and 521 children with non-respiratory sleep disorders (NRSD) were analyzed. We assessed emotional indicators of impulsivity with Bender test. RESULTS: More SD children presented impulsivity than control group (p<0.05). More NRSD and 10 years old children presented impulsivity than control group of the same age (p=0.001). Impulsivity and SRRD were associated with 8 years old children (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Children with SD, 8 years old children with SRRD, and 10 years old children with NRSD presented higher proportion of impulsivity than control children. (+info)
Risk factor frequency for learning disabilities in low socioeconomic level preschool children in Mexico city. (3/8)(+info)
Megavitamins and learning disorders: a controlled double-blind experiment. (4/8)The study investigated the effectiveness of large amounts of ascorbic acid, niacinamide, calcium pantothenate, and pyridoxine when added to a low carbohydrate-high protein diet with 20 learning disabled children. After a double-blind, 6-month period of treatment, the addition of vitamins to the diet failed to produce significant improvements when compared to the diet alone on a variety of intellectual, school achievement, perceptual, and behavioral, measures. Regardless of their group assignment, 18 children showed improvements on a parent-administered behavior checklist. However, without a diet-placebo control group, these gains may have been produced by parental enthusiasm or the children's maturation rather than dietary control. The children's urinary excretion of kryptopyrrole was unrelated to whether or not they showed pre-, post-test gains and, therefore, proved to be invalid as a screening test for "vitamin dependent (on pharmacologic doses) learning disorders." (+info)
Psychological changes correlated with thalamotomy site. (5/8)The effects of surgically placed thalamic lesions on cognitive skills, as measured by psychological tests, are dependent upon the nature of the skill and the site of the lesion. Lesions within the limits of the centrum medianum nucleus produce few deficits, whereas lesions outside its limits result in deficits for a greater number of skills. In general, the more complex skills revealed more impairment and the deficits were long lasting. (+info)
Idiopathic epilepsy and school achievement. (6/8)Forty one children (20 boys, 21 girls) aged 6-10.8 years (mean age 8.6 years) who were affected with idiopathic epilepsy underwent neuropsychological (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Bender test) and behavioural assessment (Personality Inventory for Children; this was also used in a matched control group). Further information was obtained by teachers' reports. School underachievement occurred in 25 children (61%). Statistical analysis showed no influence of sex, social background, age of onset, seizure type, duration of illness, features seen on electroencephalography, and treatment. School failure was due to poor performance in almost all academic fields, and was associated with higher visuomotor impairment; children showing good school performance had a higher mean IQ and less visuomotor impairment. The behaviour of children with epilepsy who had a good academic performance did not differ from that of their healthy peers. Emotional maladjustment (social skill impairment, depression, poor motivation, and low self esteem) was associated with poor school performance. Such problems, that may complicate the course of idiopathic epilepsy and require an appropriate educational programme, should be carefully considered by the clinician. (+info)
Intellectual output of children with chronic renal failure on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. (7/8)The aim of this study is to quantify the intelligence output in our pediatric population on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) treatment. A total of 30 children were studied, with an age range of eight to 18 years. For evaluating a global intelligence quotient (IQ), the Wechsler test was applied according to their age. And, as a complement, a Bender test was also requested to deny or confirm brain damage. The Wechsler test showed an average intelligence quotient in most of the children (76.7%); a small group (16.7%) was classified as dull normal, 1 child had mild retardation, and 1 was borderline. All of them had a Bender test that did not correlate with brain damage. Most of them maintained a very high verbal IQ, but, when the performance IQ was qualified, 34% got a low score, and a certain difficulty in solving this part of the test was observed. Maybe this was influenced by chronicity of the sickness and/or the blood urea nitrogen level. In conclusion, the child's plasticity is his best quality to cope with uremia and the alterations caused by it. Therefore the idea is to consider the intelligence quotient as the capacity that the subjects have to use their own resources to cope with their environment. And, even though the neurological alterations exist, the child's plasticity helps him/her maintain a good global intelligence quotient, even though he/she is not having immediate transplantation. (+info)
15-Year developmental study on effects of severe undernutrition during infancy on subsequent physical growth and intellectual functioning. (8/8)This third 5-year follow-up on the effects of severe undernutrition during infancy on subsequent brain growth and intellectual development confirms the level of gross retardation of intellect in the undernourished group when compared with the controls. As the subjects are now 15-18 years of age this must be permanent. All but 5 of the undernourished group are now living in conditions comparable to the controls. Improved nutrition is manifest by catch-up in height, in that the mean difference between undernourished subjects and controls has decreased by 2-73 cm. Remarkably, the difference in head circumference has increased by 0-5 cm, the mean head circumference of the undernourished now being 2-8 cm less than that of the controls. The Bender Gestalt and Human Figure Drawing tests did not correlate with the intelligence tests, indicating a separate deficit of a marked disturbance of visual-motor perception in 17 of the undernourished subjects, in 9 of whom these tests were highly significant of minimal brain dysfunction (5 of the controls). In retrospect there is much evidence to suggest the controls were also suboptimal; 8 controls had abnormal electroencephalograms as did 6 of the undernourished group. (+info)
Here are some examples of how the term "facies" may be used in a medical context:
1. Facial asymmetry: A patient with facial asymmetry may have one side of their face that is noticeably different from the other, either due to a birth defect or as a result of trauma or surgery.
2. Facial dysmorphia: This is a condition in which a person has a distorted perception of their own facial appearance, leading them to seek repeated cosmetic procedures or to feel self-conscious about their face.
3. Facies of a particular syndrome: Certain medical conditions, such as Down syndrome or Turner syndrome, can have distinctive facial features that are used to help diagnose the condition.
4. Facial trauma: A patient who has suffered an injury to their face may have a facies that is disrupted or misshapen as a result of the trauma.
5. Facial aging: As people age, their facial features can change in predictable ways, such as sagging of the skin, deepening of wrinkles, and loss of fat volume. A doctor might use the term "facies" to describe these changes and plan appropriate treatments, such as a facelift or dermal fillers.
In general, the term "facies" is used by healthcare professionals to describe any aspect of a patient's facial appearance that may be relevant to their diagnosis or treatment. It is a useful way to communicate information about a patient's face in a precise and objective manner.
Types of Craniofacial Abnormalities:
1. Cleft lip and palate: A congenital deformity that affects the upper jaw, nose, and mouth.
2. Premature fusion of skull bones: Can result in an abnormally shaped head or face.
3. Distraction osteogenesis: A condition where the bones fail to grow properly, leading to abnormal growth patterns.
4. Facial asymmetry: A condition where one side of the face is smaller or larger than the other.
5. Craniosynostosis: A condition where the skull bones fuse together too early, causing an abnormally shaped head.
6. Micrognathia: A condition where the lower jaw is smaller than normal, which can affect breathing and feeding.
7. Macroglossia: A condition where the tongue is larger than normal, which can cause difficulty swallowing and breathing.
8. Oculofacial dysostosis: A condition that affects the development of the eyes and face.
9. Treacher Collins syndrome: A rare genetic disorder that affects the development of the face, particularly the eyes, ears, and jaw.
Causes of Craniofacial Abnormalities:
1. Genetics: Many craniofacial abnormalities are inherited from one or both parents.
2. Environmental factors: Exposure to certain drugs, alcohol, or infections during pregnancy can increase the risk of craniofacial abnormalities.
3. Premature birth: Babies born prematurely are at a higher risk for craniofacial abnormalities.
4. Trauma: Head injuries or other traumatic events can cause craniofacial abnormalities.
5. Infections: Certain infections, such as meningitis or encephalitis, can cause craniofacial abnormalities.
Treatment of Craniofacial Abnormalities:
1. Surgery: Many craniofacial abnormalities can be treated with surgery to correct the underlying deformity.
2. Orthodontic treatment: Braces or other orthodontic devices can be used to align teeth and improve the appearance of the face.
3. Speech therapy: Certain craniofacial abnormalities, such as micrognathia, can affect speech development. Speech therapy can help improve communication skills.
4. Medication: In some cases, medication may be prescribed to manage symptoms associated with craniofacial abnormalities, such as pain or breathing difficulties.
5. Rehabilitation: Physical therapy and occupational therapy can help individuals with craniofacial abnormalities regain function and mobility after surgery or other treatments.
It is important to note that the treatment of craniofacial abnormalities varies depending on the specific condition and its severity. A healthcare professional, such as a pediatrician, orthodontist, or plastic surgeon, should be consulted for proper diagnosis and treatment.
It is also important to remember that craniofacial abnormalities can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, affecting their self-esteem, social relationships, and ability to function in daily activities. Therefore, it is essential to provide appropriate support and resources for individuals with these conditions, including psychological counseling, social support groups, and education about the condition.
Some examples of multiple abnormalities include:
1. Multiple chronic conditions: An individual may have multiple chronic conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, arthritis, and heart disease, which can affect their quality of life and increase their risk of complications.
2. Congenital anomalies: Some individuals may be born with multiple physical abnormalities or birth defects, such as heart defects, limb abnormalities, or facial deformities.
3. Mental health disorders: Individuals may experience multiple mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder, which can impact their cognitive functioning and daily life.
4. Neurological conditions: Some individuals may have multiple neurological conditions, such as epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, and stroke, which can affect their cognitive and physical functioning.
5. Genetic disorders: Individuals with genetic disorders, such as Down syndrome or Turner syndrome, may experience a range of physical and developmental abnormalities.
The term "multiple abnormalities" is often used in medical research and clinical practice to describe individuals who have complex health needs and require comprehensive care. It is important for healthcare providers to recognize and address the multiple needs of these individuals to improve their overall health outcomes.
Examples of syndromes include:
1. Down syndrome: A genetic disorder caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21 that affects intellectual and physical development.
2. Turner syndrome: A genetic disorder caused by a missing or partially deleted X chromosome that affects physical growth and development in females.
3. Marfan syndrome: A genetic disorder affecting the body's connective tissue, causing tall stature, long limbs, and cardiovascular problems.
4. Alzheimer's disease: A neurodegenerative disorder characterized by memory loss, confusion, and changes in personality and behavior.
5. Parkinson's disease: A neurological disorder characterized by tremors, rigidity, and difficulty with movement.
6. Klinefelter syndrome: A genetic disorder caused by an extra X chromosome in males, leading to infertility and other physical characteristics.
7. Williams syndrome: A rare genetic disorder caused by a deletion of genetic material on chromosome 7, characterized by cardiovascular problems, developmental delays, and a distinctive facial appearance.
8. Fragile X syndrome: The most common form of inherited intellectual disability, caused by an expansion of a specific gene on the X chromosome.
9. Prader-Willi syndrome: A genetic disorder caused by a defect in the hypothalamus, leading to problems with appetite regulation and obesity.
10. Sjogren's syndrome: An autoimmune disorder that affects the glands that produce tears and saliva, causing dry eyes and mouth.
Syndromes can be diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, laboratory tests, and imaging studies. Treatment for a syndrome depends on the underlying cause and the specific symptoms and signs presented by the patient.
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Visual Motor Gestalt Test1
- Both the SCDS and the Faeroe Islands studies administered the Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test. (nih.gov)
- Updated reviews and interpretive guidelines are included for the most frequently used assessment techniques, including structured and unstructured interviews, Wechlser intelligence scales (WAIS-III/WISC-III), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2/MMPI-A), Millon Multiaxial Clinical Inventory-III, California Psychological Inventory, Rorschach, Thematic Apperception Test, and frequently used instruments for neuropsychological screening (e.g. (libribook.com)
Verbal Learning Test2
- The Benton Visual Retention Test® assesses visual perception, memory, and visuoconstructive abilities. (pearsonclinical.in)
- Scores derived from the Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory (SEI), Tennessee Self Concept Scale (TSCS), Slosson Intelligence Test (SIT), and Rotter's Internal-External Locus of Control (LOC) Scale were analyzed. (ed.gov)
- The degree of relationship between scores on the Barron Ego Strength Scale and the scores on the Bender-Gestalt Test was investigated on a sample of college students. (ed.gov)
- The Children's Memory Scale™ (CMS) fills the need for a comprehensive learning and memory test for children ages five to 16. (pearsonclinical.in)
- The KOPPITZ-2, a revision of Dr Elizabeth Koppitz' Bender-Gestalt test scoring system, is true to Koppitz' original conceptualization but has been redeveloped to meet current psychometric standards. (pearsonclinical.in)
- We repeated the test on the SCDS Main Study children (mean age 10.7 years) using the same testing and scoring procedure reported by the Faeroe studies to obtain Copying Task and Reproduction Task scores. (nih.gov)
- Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test for Children predicts everyday memory problems in children. (pearsonclinical.in)
- It provides a complete review of the most commonly used assessment instruments and the most efficient methods for selecting and administering tests, evaluating data, and integrating results into a coherent, problem-solving report. (libribook.com)
- Were used from Tower of London, Stroop, continuous operation test and Bender-Gestalt visual-motor coordination to collected data and data were analyzed with using MANCOVA. (ac.ir)
- Tests such as the WISC-R, which is an IQ test, the Wide Range Achievement Test (WRAT), and the Bender-Gestalt test, which is a visual motor integration test, can be helpful within limits. (newideas.net)
- and art therapy(painting) is more affective than other two group in decrease the distortion and lack of integration Bender-Gestalt visual-motor coordination test. (ac.ir)
- This article intends to introduce historical parameters which support the Visualmotor Gestalt Bender construction, comparing with actual aspects, as well as its correction and interpretation system. (bvsalud.org)
- And part of its value is that if medication is considered at some point, the test can be re-administered with a "challenge dose" of medication in their system. (newideas.net)
- Psychological testing as part of an evaluation for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder - ADD ADHD - can be helpful. (newideas.net)
- There are certain patterns of strengths and weaknesses that one might predict to find on these tests if the subject had ADHD. (newideas.net)
- The Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA) is the most helpful test that we found for the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD, but even it is never used in the diagnostic process without the interviews, rating scales, physical exam, or perhaps some other testing. (newideas.net)
- Keefe RSESilverman JMLees Roitman SEHarvey PDDuncan MAAlray DSiever LJDavis KLMohs RC Performance of nonpsychotic relatives of schizophrenic patients on cognitive tests. (jamanetwork.com)
- In order to ensure this particular research has legitimacy it is vital that testing and research is consistent and specific. (studymode.com)
- Each test is reviewed according to its history and development, psychometrics, administration, and interpretation of results. (libribook.com)
- The Seychelles Child Development Study was designed to test the hypothesis that prenatal exposure to MeHg from maternal consumption of a diet high in fish is detrimental to child neurodevelopment. (nih.gov)
- The Pyramids and Palm Trees Test determines the degree to which a subject can access meaning from pictures and words. (pearsonclinical.in)
- we focused on 31 studies that compared brief screening tools with reference tests. (medscape.com)
- We repeated the test on the SCDS Main Study children (mean age 10.7 years) using the same testing and scoring procedure reported by the Faeroe studies to obtain Copying Task and Reproduction Task scores. (nih.gov)