Seat Belts: Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.Shoulder: Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.Shoulder Joint: The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Shoulder Pain: Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.Automobiles: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Infant Equipment: Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.Shoulder Dislocation: Displacement of the HUMERUS from the SCAPULA.Automobile Driving: The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.Air Bags: Automotive safety devices consisting of a bag designed to inflate upon collision and prevent passengers from pitching forward. (American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Child Restraint Systems: Devices used to protect and restrain infant and child automotive passengers.Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Protective Devices: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Shoulder Fractures: Fractures of the proximal humerus, including the head, anatomic and surgical necks, and tuberosities.Rotator Cuff: The musculotendinous sheath formed by the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and teres minor muscles. These help stabilize the head of the HUMERUS in the glenoid fossa and allow for rotation of the SHOULDER JOINT about its longitudinal axis.Scapula: Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Bursitis: Inflammation or irritation of a bursa, the fibrous sac that acts as a cushion between moving structures of bones, muscles, tendons or skin.Arthroplasty, Replacement: Partial or total replacement of a joint.Accident Prevention: Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Social Control, Formal: Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.Eye Injuries: Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.Skull Fractures: Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).Wounds, Nonpenetrating: Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.Spinal Injuries: Injuries involving the vertebral column.Insurance, Accident: Insurance providing coverage for physical injury suffered as a result of unavoidable circumstances.United StatesAbdominal Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.Joint Prosthesis: Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)Humerus: Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Wheelchairs: Chairs mounted on wheels and designed to be propelled by the occupant.Motorcycles: Two-wheeled, engine-driven vehicles.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Trauma Severity Indices: Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.Joint DiseasesInjury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Student Health Services: Health services for college and university students usually provided by the educational institution.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Nova Scotia: A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NEW BRUNSWICK; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Halifax. The territory was granted in 1621 by James I to the Scotsman Sir William Alexander and was called Nova Scotia, the Latin for New Scotland. The territory had earlier belonged to the French, under the name of Acadia. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p871 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p384)Counterfeit Drugs: Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Orthotic Devices: Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.Transportation: The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Schools: Educational institutions.
Rear seat shoulder belts were added. Both coupe and sedan models wore updated rear-end treatments (the 1989/1990 taillights ... the front seat belts were moved from the B-pillars to the doors. This would also be the last year for the 'International Series ...
Rear shoulder seat belts were optional at $23. Motor Trend tested a 4-4-2 W-30 with a 4-speed manual transmission and 3.91:1 ... Retractable front seat belts were optional. The turning radius was 41feet. Modern Rod tested a 1965 F85 4-4-2 with the four- ... 1968 was the first year for side marker lights and front outboard shoulder belts, and the last year for vent windows on ... Interiors included a standard bench seat with cloth-and-vinyl or all-vinyl bench seat, or optional Strato bucket seats with all ...
Seat belts. Child safety seats. Over-the-shoulder restraints used on roller coaster trains. A seat with a full body harness ... Class 1 Body belts (single or double D-ring) are designed to restrain a person in a hazardous work position to prevent fall or ... Class 4 Suspension belts are independent work supports used to suspend a worker, such as boatswain's chairs or raising or ...
Also, rear shoulder belts became standard on all models. RS and Z24 custom cloth seating received a new style of front bucket ... Z24 models also gained the options for a height adjustable driver's seat and a CD player. The platform and trim lines were ... Interior seats were often flecked with color, and the rear seat had a fold-down armrest. Vehicles produced from February ... Door-mounted automatic front seatbelts were added due to US passive restraint legislation. The optional V6 engine was also ...
... and the seat belt adjuster came from the limo. They also find a bloody seat belt with damage that could not have been caused by ... Her wrist is lacerated and her shoulder is dislocated. Catherine speculates that Melissa was dragged by the wrist with a seat ... They inspect his GMC truck, but his model does not have seat belt adjusters. She opens a tool box and smells disinfectant, and ... At some point, Simone was dragged alongside the moving limo by a seat belt. Sofia serves a livid Mrs. James (played by Lorraine ...
... the front seat belts became door-mounted, and back seat shoulder belts became standard. The sixth generation Electras were ... Shoulder seat-belts were standard for both the driver and front passenger. Base and Custom models were still offered, with the ... The new GM full-size bodies, at 64.3" front shoulder room and 63.4" rear shoulder room set a record for interior width that ... Convertibles also had a two way power seat adjuster and power windows standard. The bucket seat option introduced on Electra ...
Riders are restrained by flexible over-the-shoulder restraints and interlocking seat belts. Also, because the seats are on the ... "Wild Eagle POV Dollywood REAL Roller Coaster Footage! Front Seat Ride! New 2012 Wing Rider". YouTube. March 23, 2012. Retrieved ...
Also, the color of the automatic front seat shoulder belt latch was interior color for 1990 and black for 1991 and subsequent ... All Legacy wagons sold in Europe came with rear seat headrests and 3-point outboard position lap and shoulder belts as standard ... All international Legacy, except the USA, had front seat adjustable anchor shoulder belts. Some of the affordable luxury items ... The Japanese vehicles had rear lap belts only on the lower trim levels and 3-point outboard position lap and shoulder belts ...
The lap bar restraint was retained, but seat belts and shoulder headrests were added. Galaxy Orbiter Franklin, Jasmine (June 14 ... After boarding the Mindbender, riders put on their seatbelt and lap restraints. Also, the ride operator lowers large shoulder ... All of the restraints keep the riders firmly secured in the seat. After ascending the curving wheel driven lift hill, the train ...
... lap and shoulder seat belts were integrated, but only in coupes. The FE7 Gymkhana "off-road" suspension included stiffer ... Rare options: ZR1 special engine package (8), ZR2 special engine package (12), LS6 425-hp engine (188), shoulder belts in ... Rare options: ZR1 special engine package (20), shoulder belts with convertibles (749), LT1 engine option (1,741). 1973 started ... shoulder belts in convertibles (475), LT-1 engine (1,287). 1971 cars were virtually identical in appearance to the previous ...
3-point seat belts with integrated shoulder belts were introduced as on all Chevrolet models. With the Laguna nameplate now ... New Federal safety-mandated equipment included side marker lights, as well as shoulder belts for outboard front seat occupants ... Headroom was up slightly and shoulder room gains were by 1.6 inches (41 mm). Rear seat legroom was up 3.5 inches (89 mm) in ... Variable-ratio power steering was now standard with V8 models, and all 1975 models rode steel-belted radial tires. A new " ...
Most roller coasters also have seat belts that may act as secondary safety devices. On over-the-shoulder restraints, this ... Over-the-shoulder restraints, the most common type, consist of a roughly U-shaped padded bar mounted to the top of each seat ... Usually roller coasters with little to no air-time (being lifted out of your seat) do not have restraints. Until early 2006, ... There are two major types of restraints: lapbar and over-the-shoulder (Most modern OSTR restraints come into contact with ...
... as well as shoulder belts for outboard front-seat occupants on cars built after December 1, 1967. This explains why some '68s ... had shoulder belts, and some early-production cars did not. However, all '68s had anchors for the belts. Manual transmission ... The platform used was GM's smallest, a two-door bodystyle with a rear bench seat that folded down to accommodate cargo, and a ...
Riders are held in place by over the shoulder harnesses with safety belts. The bulk of these features are concentrated at the ... The 30 seat unit begins to rotate a full 360 degrees as it completes its revolution during the ascent. Once the catcher reaches ...
If the driver does not respond, the electronic pretensioning seatbelt system tugs on the shoulder belts. If the driver still ... The passenger front seat received the same full 10-way power control as the driver's seat. Both front seats featured active ... Enthusiasts and dealers said that the RL was not competitive because it lacked the full-size dimensions (the back seat was ... detects weight and positioning of passenger in the front seat and disables the passenger front side air bag deployment if the ...
... a motorized shoulder belt along with a non-integrated and manually operated seatbelt. The shoulder belts automatically raced ... the motorized shoulder belt system were replaced with a standard driver-side airbag and conventional shoulder/seatbelt ... all 1990 and 1991 Accords sold in the United States came equipped with motorized shoulder belts for front passengers to comply ... Visibility from the driver's seat and passenger seat was better due to the lower instrument panel design of the front window ...
Valiants built after January 1, 1968, also got new front shoulder belts as standard. For 1969, a new one-piece, full-width ... the third seat faced the rear. Both models were the lowest priced four-door station wagons in America. The two-seat model was $ ... shoulder belt mountings for outboard front passengers, a new 4-way hazard flasher, and, for 1970, lane-change directional ... The upper belt feature line ran from the rear body, in a gentle sweep, to the front fender tip. Here it was 'veed' back and ...
... door mounted seat belts were added for 1987. For 1988, rear shoulder belts were added. For 1989, the "Delta" name was dropped, ... This arrangement provided five belt buckles in the front bench seat. The standard engine in the base Delta 88 was a 350 cubic- ... For safety, a ceiling mounted shoulder belt was offered in the front seats for both the driver and right passenger. ... Other than a reduction in shoulder room, however, interior room was not adversely affected; in fact, headroom and rear seat ...
By 1965, front lap seat belts were produced in several models, by 1968 front shoulder and rear lap belts were introduced, and ... Each passenger was wearing the appropriate seat belt per position. Delbert and Alexa were equipped with Type 2 seat belts which ... Thanh, seated in a middle position, was only equipped with a Type 1 seat belt which consists of just a lap belt. As the ... Dating back as early as 1885, seat belts were first patented by Edward J. Claghorn. In 1955, Ford began offering the lap belt ...
1968s got outboard front shoulder belts and side marker lights in addition to the '67 safety equipment. One constant of the ... New safety requirements included front seat head restraints. For 1969, the Polara 500 was reintroduced as a mid-level series ... The new 1969 Polara wore a broad-shouldered streamlined design called the "Fuselage Design", which would continue for the next ...
Some even stated that the positioning of the device made the seat belts feel less secure or rubbed on the shoulders or the ... shoulder, seatbelts, and seat as the head is decelerated. The device was designed in the early 1980s by Dr. Robert Hubbard, a ... It is only attached to the helmet, and not to the belts, the driver's body, or the seat; the helmet is attached to the device ... While it is still debated whether Earnhardt's death was the result of a broken seat belt, or an inadequate head and neck ...
These restraints would lock into place with a belt-type connector which would be attached the seat base. All of the original ... The original designs featured trains with a safety system consisting of over-the-shoulder restraints. ...
Also new for 1974 were integrated lap and shoulder seat belts and an "interlock" system required the driver and front seat ... Kingswood wagons came in two-seat or three-seat versions. The three-seat model had a forward-facing rear seat that was placed ... Rear-seat passengers received shoulder belts for the outboard positions and air conditioning was standard on all models. 1990 ... New for 1990 were door-mounted front seat belts, quick-connect fuel lines for the 305 cu in engine, and Scotchgard-protected ...
Early models featured front seat three-point harnesses where the shoulder belt was fixed to the seat itself. This was found to ... four-seat market to a retractable twin-engine six-seat design The first models of this lineup were two versions of a four-seat ... The Rockwell Commander 112 is an American four-seat single-engined general aviation aircraft designed and built by North ... offer too little strength and was replaced with one fixed to the fuselage behind the seat as part of a 1987 Airworthiness ...
The vest includes seat-belt-style tensioners above the shoulders to support a wider range of body types. At the ankles, two ... The bar locks into slots in the sides of the seat and secures the waist. Halfway up the bar is a pair of leg restraints, which ... Hand grips are placed at the ends of the arm rests of each seat. Vekoma would expand upon the 'Flying Dutchman' prototype with ...
Seat belts were invented by English engineer George Cayley to use on his glider, in the mid-19th century. [4] In 1946, Dr. C. Hunter Shelden opened a neurological practice at Huntington Memorial Hospital in Pasadena, California. In the early 1950s, Dr. Shelden made a major contribution to the automotive industry with his idea of retractable seat belts. This came about from his care of the high number of head injuries coming through the emergency room.[5] He investigated the early seat belts whose primitive designs were implicated in these injuries and deaths. To reduce the high level of injuries he was seeing, he proposed, in late 1955, retractable seat belts, recessed steering wheels, reinforced roofs, roll bars, automatic door locks, and passive restraints such as the air bag.[6] Subsequently, in 1966, ...
A toilet seat is a hinged unit consisting of a round or oval open seat, and usually a lid, which is bolted onto the bowl of a toilet used in a sitting position (as opposed to a squat toilet). The seat can be either for a flush toilet or a dry toilet. A toilet seat consists of the seat itself, which may be contoured forum the user to sit on, and the lid, which covers the toilet when it is not in use - the lid may be absent in some cases, particularly in public restrooms. When the lid is down, it can be used as a seat. The seat is generally lifted when a man stands to urinate, or while cleaning the toilet. The issue of men leaving the seat up or putting it back down after use (particularly for the benefit of women), is a perennial topic of discussion and light humor; with it often being argued that leaving the toilet seat up is more efficient for men, but ...
Prevention of mild traumatic brain injury involves taking general measures to prevent traumatic brain injury, such as wearing seat belts and using airbags in cars. Older people are encouraged to try to prevent falls, for example by keeping floors free of clutter and wearing thin, flat, shoes with hard soles that do not interfere with balance. Unfortunately, to date, there is no data to support the claim that any particular type of helmet or protective equipment reduces the risk of sports-related concussion. Improvements in the design of protective athletic gear such as helmets may decrease the number and severity of such injuries. New "Head Impact Telemetry System" technology is being placed in helmets to study injury mechanisms and potentially help reduce the risk of concussions among American Football players. Changes to the rules or the practices of enforcing existing rules in sports, such as those against "head-down tackling", or "spearing", which is ...
The current safety innovation of FIA Formula 3 Championship is the top priority. Front, side, rear and steering column impact tests are the FIA safety standards. All of the FIA Formula 3 Championship cars include front and rear roll hoop, impact structures and monocoque push tests. Anti-intrusion survival cell protection panels are also featured since 2019. Wheel retainer safety cables are also featured to avoid wheel flying similar to Formula One, IndyCar Series (known as SWEMS) and other single-seater Formula racing series. The seat belts of all FIA Formula 3 Championship cars are supplied by Sabelt with 6-point seat belt configuration similar to Formula One. From 2019 onwards, the "halo" cockpit protection system would be introduced to avoid the series of fatal crashes. ...
A police duty belt (sometimes referred to as a gun belt, "duty rig" and/or kit belt) is a belt, typically constructed of nylon or leather used by police and security officers to carry equipment easily, in a readily-accessible manner, while leaving the hands free to interact. Many police forces in the United Kingdom began with a uniform consisting of a swallow-tail coat and top hat. A pillbox or kepi hat along with a frock coat were introduced in the 1860s, along with helmets designed especially for protection against attack and the weather. Truncheons themselves had been introduced as early as 1764, however it was not until 1994 that police forces in the UK started to nationally standardise their uniform prompting the introduction of the duty belt to contain such equipment, instead of previously having their staff carry equipment in their handbags or adapted pockets. In the case of the earliest equipment carrying, a cutlass or firearm was usually clipped to the belt of the frock coat. In fact ...
In 1999 Ferdinand Piëch assigned Walter de Silva to work for the Volkswagen Group SEAT division, with the aim of injecting verve and sportiness to SEAT design. The result was SEAT 'auto emoción' philosophy which was first demonstrated in the 2000 SEAT Salsa and the 2001 SEAT Tango concept cars,[3] as a foretaste of SEAT new design language, with the latter receiving in 2002 the 'Autonis Award' in the Concept Car category.[4] His more expressive design approach has since influenced the form and look of numerous cars, such as the 2002 SEAT Córdoba and SEAT Ibiza, as well as the 2004 SEAT Altea and 2005 SEAT León which were highly acclaimed and subsequently received several design awards (e.g. Red dot design award, Autonis award, 'The World's Most Beautiful Automobile 2004' award in Milan [5][6][7] etc.).. ...
... is the study and practice of design, construction, equipment and regulation to minimize the occurrence and consequences of traffic collisions involving motor vehicles. Road traffic safety more broadly includes roadway design. One of the first formal academic studies into improving motor vehicle safety was by Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory of Buffalo, New York. The main conclusion of their extensive report is the crucial importance of seat belts and padded dashboards.[1] However, the primary vector of traffic-related deaths and injuries is the disproportionate mass and velocity of an automobile compared to that of the predominant victim, the pedestrian.[citation needed]. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 80% of cars sold in the world are not compliant with main safety standards. Only 40 countries have adopted the full set of the seven most important regulations for car safety.[2]. In the United States, a pedestrian is injured by a motor ...
The term emerged from continental Europe where broad boulevards were increasingly used to separate new development from the centre of historic towns; most notably the Ringstraße in Vienna. Various proposals were put forward from 1890 onwards but the first to garner widespread support was put forward by the London Society in its "Development Plan of Greater London" 1919. Alongside the CPRE they lobbied for a continuous belt (of up to two miles wide) to prevent urban sprawl, beyond which new development could occur. Implementation of the notion dated from Herbert Morrison's 1934 leadership of the London County Council. It was first formally proposed by the Greater London Regional Planning Committee in 1935, "to provide a reserve supply of public open spaces and of recreational areas and to establish a green belt or girdle of open space". It was again included in an advisory Greater London Plan prepared by Patrick Abercrombie in 1944 (which sought a belt of up to six miles wide). However, it was ...
After statehood in 1890, Idaho had a single seat in Congress through the 1910 election, a statewide at-large seat. Following the 1910 census, Idaho gained its second seat in the House; it was first contested in 1912, but the state did not immediately apportion into two districts. Through the 1916 election, both were statewide at-large seats. The first election in Idaho with two congressional districts was in 1918. Following the 2010 census and redistricting, the 2nd district was pushed slightly to the west, picking up much of northeast Ada County, including most of Boise. It now covers all of the capital north of Interstate 84.[3] The 1st District had long been reckoned as "the Boise district," as it historically covered most of Boise. However, a significant increase in population directly west of Boise over the previous decade, in western Ada County and Canyon County, resulted in the 1st losing most of its share of the capital. The 1st ...
A checkweigher is an automatic or manual machine for checking the weight of packaged commodities. It is normally found at the offgoing end of a production process and is used to ensure that the weight of a pack of the commodity is within specified limits. Any packs that are outside the tolerance are taken out of line automatically. A checkweigher can weigh in excess of 500 items per minute (depending on carton size and accuracy requirements). Checkweighers can be used with metal detectors and X-ray machines to enable other attributes of the pack to be checked and acted upon accordingly. An automatic checkweigher incorporates a series of conveyor belts. These checkweighers are known also as belt weighers, in-motion scales, conveyor scales, dynamic scales, and in-line scales. In filler applications, they are known as check scales. Typically, there are three belts or chain beds: An infeed belt that may change the speed of the package and to ...
The Renault Clio V6 Renault Sport is a rear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive layout hot hatch based on the Renault Clio launched in 2001. Designed by French automaker Renault the Phase 1 models were built by Tom Walkinshaw Racing and Phase 2 were designed and helped by Porsche and built by Renault Sport in Dieppe. The mid-engined, wide-body concept of the Clio V6 was very reminiscent of the 1980s Renault 5 Turbo. The Clio V6 was based on the Clio Mk II, though it shares very few parts with that car. The 3.0 60° V6 ES9 engine, sourced from the PSA group was upgraded to around 230 PS (169 kW; 227 bhp) and placed in the middle of the vehicle where standard Clios have rear seats - making this car a two-seater hot hatch. In order to accommodate the radical change from front-engine, front-wheel drive hatchback to mid-engine, rear-wheel drive two-seater quasi-coupé, the car had to be extensively reworked structurally, leading to the Phase 1 version being some 300 kg ...
In 1924, Gichin Funakoshi, a contemporary of Chibana sensei and also a pupil from Ankō Itosu, adopted the Dan system from judo founder Kanō Jigorō using a rank scheme with a limited set of belt color to promote Karate-Do among the Japanese. In 1960, this practice was also adopted in Okinawa.[11]. In a Kyū/Dan system, the beginner grade is a higher-numbered kyū (e.g., 7th Kyū) and progress is toward a lower-numbered Kyū. The Dan progression continues from 1st Dan (Shodan, or 'beginning dan') to the higher dan grades. Kyū-grade karateka are referred to as "color belt" or mudansha ("ones without dan"); Dan-grade karateka are referred to as yudansha (holders of dan rank). Yudansha typically wear a black belt. Requirements of rank differ among styles, organizations, and schools. Kyū ranks gradually stress proper stances, balance, motion and coordination. Speed, timing, focus and power are examined at higher grades. Minimum age and time in rank are factors affecting promotion. Testing ...
The bouleuterion (council house), or odeon, is centered on the north side of the North Agora. As it stands today, it consists of a semicircular auditorium fronted by a shallow stage structure about 46 m wide. The lower part of the auditorium survives intact, with nine rows of marble seats divided into five wedges by radial stairways. The seating of the upper part, amounting to an additional twelve rows, has collapsed together with its supporting vaults. The plan is an extremely open one, with numerous entrances at ground level and several stairways giving access to the upper rows of seats. A system of massive parallel buttresses shows that the building was originally vaulted. The auditorium would have been lighted by a series of tall, arched windows in the curved outer wall. Seating capacity can be estimated at about 1,750. The available evidence indicates a construction date in the Antonine or early Severan period (late 2nd or early 3rd ...
Supreme Court opened the auto industry to new lawsuits over seatbelt design, ruling that a Mazda Motor Corp. unit must defend ... Current regulations, in effect since 2007, require new cars to have three-point belts -- a lap belt plus a shoulder strap -- in ... Williamson died when she was riding in an aisle seat equipped with a lap belt in the second row of a 1993 Mazda MPV in Kane ... Shoulder Straps. Under National Highway Traffic Safety Administration rules put in place in 1989, shoulder straps were required ...
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A recent report issued by a major auto-maker states that the seat belts-shoulder system is more effective from both a cost and ... seat belts, inflatable bolsters/seat belts, knee bolsters, Child Restraint Systems (CRS) and other related areas. These papers ... The seat belt-shoulder harness restraint system is recognized as the most efficient, economical, available means of saving ... Increased seat belt-shoulder harness usage by a starter interlock system. 1971-10-20 ...
Lap-Shoulder Belted Seat. The new SafeGuard FlexPlus school bus seat includes features designed to enhance safety. ... requiring latching devices for seat cushions and requiring lap-shoulder belts in small school buses. ... Those members said that a nationwide requirement for lap-shoulder belts on large school buses is inappropriate. They support ... Regarding funding for lap-shoulder belts, NASDPTS said that a dedicated federal source should be provided, rather than drawing ...
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The recalled vehicles are equipped with a seat belts whose shoulder belt may rest at, or below, the shoulder of the seat ... The seat belts shoulder belt may rest at, or below, the shoulder of the occupant. 12/24/2015 , ConsumerAffairs. , By James ... If the seat belt is not correctly attached to the pretensioner, it may not properly restrain the seat occupant in the event of ... "Seat Belt Assemblies", and 210, "Seat Belt Assembly Anchorages." ... If the shoulder belt rests too low on the torso, it can ...
Seat belt not used. *Minimal shoulder on roadway at scene of crash ... Fire departments should ensure that standard operating procedures (SOPs) regarding seatbelt use are enforced. ... Tanker 1 ran off the right side of the road through a narrow soft shoulder into a ditch. The fire fighter steered Tanker 1 back ...
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  • Make sure you know how to use the seat belts or LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for Children) system with your car seat before you start the installation process. (webmd.com)
  • Ockel said the child seat uses an adjustable tubular steel frame to build a strong cell around a child, which is also fitted with side and head padding. (medindia.net)
  • The University of Michigan researchers estimated that based on their findings, published on Wednesday, the lives of 200 of the roughly 370 fetuses killed yearly in U.S. vehicle crashes would be spared if all pregnant women wore seat belts. (reuters.com)
  • Pregnant women who wore seat belts cut the risk of their fetus being killed or experiencing other serious complications in a vehicle crash by 84 percent compared to women who did not wear seat belts, the researchers said. (reuters.com)
  • The University of Alabama study found that 72 percent of women wore their belt in the right position: low and across the hips/pelvis, and below the belly. (smartmotorist.com)
  • I remember when seat belts weren't in cars and no one wore them. (contractortalk.com)
  • Back posture shoulder support brace pads football 1 This posture corrector is intended for either men or women 2 The corrector reliable restrains and protects joints and muscles of the thoracic part of the vertebral column 3 Due to an elastic cloth and a special tailoring the posture corrector hugs the body and models. (aofit.com)
  • Foam shoulder pads for men support belt The bracer protecting your shoulder on sports The bracer provide support to your shoulder joint Helps to relieve the pain and swelling of shoulder symptoms Reduces injury of your shoulder caused by friction and hitting The good compression can make your shoulder covered. (aofit.com)
  • Would you like sewn in shoulder pads? (pacificcustoms.com)
  • Injuries from car crashes tend to be less serious in people who are sitting in the back seat. (smartmotorist.com)
  • A record percentage of front seat occupants in Minnesotan are buckling up - 93 percent - yet about 40 percent of all motorists killed in crashes aren't belted - translating into an average of 105 deaths and more than 200 serious injuries each year. (mn.gov)
  • If this occurs, the seat belt may not properly restrain the occupant, which could increase the risk of injury. (csmonitor.com)
  • Method and weight sensor for determining the weight of an occupant of a seat including a bladder having one or more chambers adapted to be arranged in a seat portion of the seat and one or more transducers for measuring the pressure in a respective chamber. (google.com)
  • The weight distribution of the occupant in a seat can be measured by using a multi-chambered bladder, measuring the pressure in each chamber and determining the weight distribution of the occupant therefrom. (google.com)
  • 11. The occupant position sensor of claim 10 , wherein said bladder comprises a plurality of chambers, each of said chambers being adapted to be arranged at a different location in the seat portion of the seat. (google.com)
  • It's always better to be safe than to let a child who isn't tall enough ride with only a seatbelt. (kidshealth.org)
  • And that children need to stay in a belt-positioning booster until they are at least 4'9" tall, AND 8 years old -- which is law in many states already, including Michigan where Isaiah lived and died. (cafemom.com)
  • Miscarriage in pregnancy: If a pregnant woman suffers trauma to her abdomen due to a seat belt in an automobile accident, the placenta may separate from the uterus and this may cause the loss of her pregnancy or miscarriage. (dailyexcelsior.com)
  • Pearlman offered some tips on the proper way for pregnant women to wear seat belts. (reuters.com)
  • Should I wear a seat belt while I'm pregnant? (aafp.org)
  • According to a recent study, pregnant women who don't wear seat belts are twice as likely to suffer from excessive bleeding after a crash than mothers-to-be who wear them. (parents.com)
  • The researcher and his team set out to find if more pregnant women preferred not to use seatbelts by searching the trauma registry of Duke University Hospital. (growingyourbaby.com)
  • Brown says that most mothers with children have a habit of buckling kids for their safety and are therefore more cautious about using seatbelts while they were pregnant. (growingyourbaby.com)
  • NASDPTS cited NHTSA research suggesting that lap belts provide little or no safety benefit in school buses. (schoolbusfleet.com)
  • Regarding funding for lap-shoulder belts, NASDPTS said that a dedicated federal source should be provided, rather than drawing from existing Section 402 highway funding, as the NPRM proposes. (schoolbusfleet.com)
  • A major cause of death amongst drivers during races was through violent head movements, where the body remains in place because of the seat belts but the momentum keeps the head moving forwards, causing a basilar skull fracture resulting in serious injury or immediate death. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most users find a properly-tensioned belt to be uncomfortable, leave it loose, and reduce or negate its effectiveness. (fark.com)
  • Yet, not a single statistic did or could explain how seat belts could possibly save lives when vehicles collide at velocities of 60 miles an hour, unless it were to be assumed that such belts did possess the magical powers of a talisman. (chicagotribune.com)