Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Body Temperature: The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Skin Temperature: The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.Body Temperature Regulation: The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.Thermometers: Measuring instruments for determining the temperature of matter. Most thermometers used in the field of medicine are designed for measuring body temperature or for use in the clinical laboratory. (From UMDNS, 1999)Thermography: Imaging the temperatures in a material, or in the body or an organ. Imaging is based on self-emanating infrared radiation (HEAT WAVES), or on changes in properties of the material or tissue that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELD; or LUMINESCENCE.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Transition Temperature: The temperature at which a substance changes from one state or conformation of matter to another.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Hypothermia: Lower than normal body temperature, especially in warm-blooded animals.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Freezing: Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Thermosensing: The sensation of cold, heat, coolness, and warmth as detected by THERMORECEPTORS.Heating: The application of heat to raise the temperature of the environment, ambient or local, or the systems for accomplishing this effect. It is distinguished from HEAT, the physical property and principle of physics.Calorimetry, Differential Scanning: Differential thermal analysis in which the sample compartment of the apparatus is a differential calorimeter, allowing an exact measure of the heat of transition independent of the specific heat, thermal conductivity, and other variables of the sample.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Thermoreceptors: Cellular receptors which mediate the sense of temperature. Thermoreceptors in vertebrates are mostly located under the skin. In mammals there are separate types of thermoreceptors for cold and for warmth and NOCICEPTORS which detect cold or heat extreme enough to cause pain.Shivering: Involuntary contraction or twitching of the muscles. It is a physiologic method of heat production in man and other mammals.Cold Climate: A climate characterized by COLD TEMPERATURE for a majority of the time during the year.Enzyme Stability: The extent to which an enzyme retains its structural conformation or its activity when subjected to storage, isolation, and purification or various other physical or chemical manipulations, including proteolytic enzymes and heat.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Heat Stress Disorders: A group of conditions that develop due to overexposure or overexertion in excessive environmental heat.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Global Warming: Increase in the temperature of the atmosphere near the Earth's surface and in the troposphere, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Hypothermia, Induced: Abnormally low BODY TEMPERATURE that is intentionally induced in warm-blooded animals by artificial means. In humans, mild or moderate hypothermia has been used to reduce tissue damages, particularly after cardiac or spinal cord injuries and during subsequent surgeries.Thermal Conductivity: The heat flow across a surface per unit area per unit time, divided by the negative of the rate of change of temperature with distance in a direction perpendicular to the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Protein Denaturation: Disruption of the non-covalent bonds and/or disulfide bonds responsible for maintaining the three-dimensional shape and activity of the native protein.Phase Transition: A change of a substance from one form or state to another.Infrared Rays: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum usually sensed as heat. Infrared wavelengths are longer than those of visible light, extending into the microwave frequencies. They are used therapeutically as heat, and also to warm food in restaurants.Weather: The state of the ATMOSPHERE over minutes to months.Hyperthermia, Induced: Abnormally high temperature intentionally induced in living things regionally or whole body. It is most often induced by radiation (heat waves, infra-red), ultrasound, or drugs.Sweating: The process of exocrine secretion of the SWEAT GLANDS, including the aqueous sweat from the ECCRINE GLANDS and the complex viscous fluids of the APOCRINE GLANDS.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Refrigeration: The mechanical process of cooling.Ice: The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.Drug Stability: The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Environment, Controlled: A state in which the environs of hospitals, laboratories, domestic and animal housing, work places, spacecraft, and other surroundings are under technological control with regard to air conditioning, heating, lighting, humidity, ventilation, and other ambient features. The concept includes control of atmospheric composition. (From Jane's Aerospace Dictionary, 3d ed)Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Antarctic Regions: The continent lying around the South Pole and the southern waters of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It includes the Falkland Islands Dependencies. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p55)Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.Drug Storage: The process of keeping pharmaceutical products in an appropriate location.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Heat-Shock Response: A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive heat. Responses include synthesis of new proteins and regulation of others.Circadian Rhythm: The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.Thermometry: Measurement of the temperature of a material, or of the body or an organ by various temperature sensing devices which measure changes in properties of the material that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELDS; or LUMINESCENCE.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Sodium Chloride: A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.Nucleic Acid Denaturation: Disruption of the secondary structure of nucleic acids by heat, extreme pH or chemical treatment. Double strand DNA is "melted" by dissociation of the non-covalent hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions. Denatured DNA appears to be a single-stranded flexible structure. The effects of denaturation on RNA are similar though less pronounced and largely reversible.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Air: The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.Hibernation: The dormant state in which some warm-blooded animal species pass the winter. It is characterized by narcosis and by sharp reduction in body temperature and metabolic activity and by a depression of vital signs.Clothing: Fabric or other material used to cover the body.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Calorimetry: The measurement of the quantity of heat involved in various processes, such as chemical reactions, changes of state, and formations of solutions, or in the determination of the heat capacities of substances. The fundamental unit of measurement is the joule or the calorie (4.184 joules). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Microclimate: The climate of a very small area.Circular Dichroism: A change from planar to elliptic polarization when an initially plane-polarized light wave traverses an optically active medium. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Microwaves: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum from the UHF (ultrahigh frequency) radio waves and extending into the INFRARED RAYS frequencies.Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.Stress, Physiological: The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.Telemetry: Transmission of the readings of instruments to a remote location by means of wires, radio waves, or other means. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Solutions: The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Heat-Shock Proteins: Proteins which are synthesized in eukaryotic organisms and bacteria in response to hyperthermia and other environmental stresses. They increase thermal tolerance and perform functions essential to cell survival under these conditions.Preservation, Biological: The process of protecting various samples of biological material.Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Heat Stroke: A condition caused by the failure of body to dissipate heat in an excessively hot environment or during PHYSICAL EXERTION in a hot environment. Contrast to HEAT EXHAUSTION, the body temperature in heat stroke patient is dangerously high with red, hot skin accompanied by DELUSIONS; CONVULSIONS; or COMA. It can be a life-threatening emergency and is most common in infants and the elderly.Immersion: The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.Food Preservation: Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Specimen Handling: Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Osmolar Concentration: The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Protein Folding: Processes involved in the formation of TERTIARY PROTEIN STRUCTURE.Spectrometry, Fluorescence: Measurement of the intensity and quality of fluorescence.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Molecular Conformation: The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.Spectrophotometry: The art or process of comparing photometrically the relative intensities of the light in different parts of the spectrum.Rewarming: Application of heat to correct hypothermia, accidental or induced.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Desiccation: Removal of moisture from a substance (chemical, food, tissue, etc.).Photosynthesis: The synthesis by organisms of organic chemical compounds, especially carbohydrates, from carbon dioxide using energy obtained from light rather than from the oxidation of chemical compounds. Photosynthesis comprises two separate processes: the light reactions and the dark reactions. In higher plants; GREEN ALGAE; and CYANOBACTERIA; NADPH and ATP formed by the light reactions drive the dark reactions which result in the fixation of carbon dioxide. (from Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Freeze Drying: Method of tissue preparation in which the tissue specimen is frozen and then dehydrated at low temperature in a high vacuum. This method is also used for dehydrating pharmaceutical and food products.Tympanic Membrane: An oval semitransparent membrane separating the external EAR CANAL from the tympanic cavity (EAR, MIDDLE). It contains three layers: the skin of the external ear canal; the core of radially and circularly arranged collagen fibers; and the MUCOSA of the middle ear.X-Ray Diffraction: The scattering of x-rays by matter, especially crystals, with accompanying variation in intensity due to interference effects. Analysis of the crystal structure of materials is performed by passing x-rays through them and registering the diffraction image of the rays (CRYSTALLOGRAPHY, X-RAY). (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Lipid Bilayers: Layers of lipid molecules which are two molecules thick. Bilayer systems are frequently studied as models of biological membranes.Scrotum: A cutaneous pouch of skin containing the testicles and spermatic cords.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Biophysics: The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.Photoperiod: The time period of daily exposure that an organism receives from daylight or artificial light. It is believed that photoperiodic responses may affect the control of energy balance and thermoregulation.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Biophysical Phenomena: The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared: A spectroscopic technique in which a range of wavelengths is presented simultaneously with an interferometer and the spectrum is mathematically derived from the pattern thus obtained.Incubators, Infant: Electrically powered devices that are intended to assist in the maintenance of the thermal balance of infants, principally by controlling the air temperature and humidity in an enclosure. (from UMDNS, 1999)Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet: Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Atmosphere: The gaseous envelope surrounding a planet or similar body. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Phosphatidylcholines: Derivatives of phosphatidic acids in which the phosphoric acid is bound in ester linkage to a choline moiety. Complete hydrolysis yields 1 mole of glycerol, phosphoric acid and choline and 2 moles of fatty acids.Thermogenesis: The generation of heat in order to maintain body temperature. The uncoupled oxidation of fatty acids contained within brown adipose tissue and SHIVERING are examples of thermogenesis in MAMMALS.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Membrane Lipids: Lipids, predominantly phospholipids, cholesterol and small amounts of glycolipids found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. These lipids may be arranged in bilayers in the membranes with integral proteins between the layers and peripheral proteins attached to the outside. Membrane lipids are required for active transport, several enzymatic activities and membrane formation.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Gels: Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.Cold-Shock Response: A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive cold. In humans, a fall in skin temperature triggers gasping, hypertension, and hyperventilation.Membrane Fluidity: The motion of phospholipid molecules within the lipid bilayer, dependent on the classes of phospholipids present, their fatty acid composition and degree of unsaturation of the acyl chains, the cholesterol concentration, and temperature.Germination: The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Physicochemical Phenomena: The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.Chemistry, Physical: The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Anthozoa: A class in the phylum CNIDARIA, comprised mostly of corals and anemones. All members occur only as polyps; the medusa stage is completely absent.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy: A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Oxidation-Reduction: A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Steam: Water in its gaseous state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Hydrostatic Pressure: The pressure due to the weight of fluid.Molecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine: A synthetic phospholipid used in liposomes and lipid bilayers for the study of biological membranes.Fungal Proteins: Proteins found in any species of fungus.Scattering, Radiation: The diversion of RADIATION (thermal, electromagnetic, or nuclear) from its original path as a result of interactions or collisions with atoms, molecules, or larger particles in the atmosphere or other media. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel: Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Spectrum Analysis: The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)RNA, Bacterial: Ribonucleic acid in bacteria having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Water Loss, Insensible: Loss of water by diffusion through the skin and by evaporation from the respiratory tract.Spectrophotometry, Infrared: Spectrophotometry in the infrared region, usually for the purpose of chemical analysis through measurement of absorption spectra associated with rotational and vibrational energy levels of molecules. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Gases: The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Magnesium: A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial: Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.Snow: Frozen water crystals that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Salts: Substances produced from the reaction between acids and bases; compounds consisting of a metal (positive) and nonmetal (negative) radical. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Respiration: The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.Crystallization: The formation of crystalline substances from solutions or melts. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Bacillus: A genus of BACILLACEAE that are spore-forming, rod-shaped cells. Most species are saprophytic soil forms with only a few species being pathogenic.Liposomes: Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.Genes, Bacterial: The functional hereditary units of BACTERIA.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Genetic Complementation Test: A test used to determine whether or not complementation (compensation in the form of dominance) will occur in a cell with a given mutant phenotype when another mutant genome, encoding the same mutant phenotype, is introduced into that cell.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Remote Sensing Technology: Observation and acquisition of physical data from a distance by viewing and making measurements from a distance or receiving transmitted data from observations made at distant location.1,2-Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine: Synthetic phospholipid used in liposomes and lipid bilayers to study biological membranes. It is also a major constituent of PULMONARY SURFACTANTS.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Spores: The reproductive elements of lower organisms, such as BACTERIA; FUNGI; and cryptogamic plants.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Housing, AnimalAir Movements: The motion of air currents.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Carps: Common name for a number of different species of fish in the family Cyprinidae. This includes, among others, the common carp, crucian carp, grass carp, and silver carp.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Energy storage mode "freeze-out" temperatures. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section ... Low temperature approximations for both gases and solids at temperatures less than their characteristic Einstein temperatures ... Low temperature approximations for both gases and solids at temperatures less than their characteristic Einstein temperatures ... This degree of freedom is then said to be "frozen out". As mentioned above, the temperature corresponding to the first excited ...
Freezing point. −47 °C (−53 °F). −40 °C (−40 °F) Max adiabatic burn temperature. 2,500 K (2,230 °C) (4,040 °F) open air burn ... Very low temperature freezing points reduce the availability of fuel. Higher flash point products required for use on aircraft ... During flight, the temperature of the fuel in the tanks decreases, due to the low temperatures in the upper atmosphere. This ... and a freezing point of −60 °C (−76 °F). The low freezing point requirement limited availability of the fuel and it was soon ...
Anti-griddle, for cooling and freezing. *Thermal immersion circulator for sous-vide (low temperature cooking) ... Molecular gastronomy includes the study of how different cooking temperatures affect eggs, their viscosity, surface ... I think it is a sad reflection on our civilization that while we can and do measure the temperature in the atmosphere of Venus ... Adam Melonas's signature preparation is an edible floral center piece named the "Octopop": a very low temperature cooked ...
Nighttime temperatures often drop below freezing. The rainy season is from October to April and occasionally into May. Snow is ... Some extremes are, a record high temperature of 113°F and a low temperature of 14°F. The most rainfall in one year was 51.24″ ... Heat waves do occur with the temperatures rising above 100°F. Wildfires are typically a problem during the summer months. The ...
Baja California Sur
Rainfall, and freezing temperatures affect milkweed growth. Omar Vidal, director general of WWF-Mexico, said "The monarch's ... Temperatures above 95°F can be lethal for larvae, and eggs dry out in hot, arid conditions, causing a drastic decrease in hatch ... At these locations, it rarely freezes so the plants are present year round. This leads to year-round breeding of monarchs, ... At normal summer temperatures, it matures in 8-15 days. The cuticle of the chrysalis becomes transparent and the monarch's ...
Paul J. Crutzen
"Can the ocean freeze? Ocean water freezes at a lower temperature than freshwater". NOAA. Retrieved January 2, 2019.. ... The temperature of maximum density of seawater decreases as its salt content increases. Freezing temperature of water decreases ... Solubility of oceanic gases (in mL/L) with temperature at salinity of 33‰ and atmospheric pressure Temperature. O2. CO2. N2 ... "Chapter 6 - Temperature, Salinity, and Density - Geographical Distribution of Surface Temperature and Salinity". Introduction ...
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park
Nazi human experimentation
Water temperature Body temperature when removed from the water Body temperature at death Time in water Time of death ... "Freezing Experiments". www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved 3 May 2018.. *^ a b c d Tyson, Peter. "Holocaust on Trial: The ... Freezing experiments. A cold water immersion experiment at Dachau concentration camp presided over by Ernst Holzlöhner (left) ... After subjects were frozen, they then underwent different methods for rewarming. Many subjects died in this process. ...
Chicken as food
Bacteria survives but does not grow in freezing temperatures. However, if frozen cooked foods are not defrosted properly and ... If previously frozen chicken is purchased at a retail store, it can be refrozen if it has been handled properly. Chicken can be ... Freezing doesn't usually cause color changes in poultry, but the bones and the meat near them can become dark. This bone ... It is safe to freeze chicken directly in its original packaging, but this type of wrap is permeable to air and quality may ...
Giant Robo (TV series)
Battle of Kesternich
Temperatures hovered near freezing. The water current varied, but in constricted locations it raced at more than twenty miles ... Madame Freeze's and the long row of prostitution houses along Wood Street (now called Pershing Ave) were notorious among ... Heavy rain fell over the entire watershed, and the ground was frozen, as well as saturated from previous lighter rains. This ...
Solidification is the process of freezing materials. In the type of directional solidification to be used in AADSF, the liquid ... A mechanism will move the sample through varying temperature zones in the furnace. To start processing, the furnace melts all ... When materials crystallize or solidify under certain condition, they freeze unstably, resulting in tiny, tree-like crystalline ... In the first sample, the temperature fluctuations of the moving solidification are measured electrically, with disturbing the ...
At freezing temperatures, water in the intercellular spaces of plant tissues freezes first, though the water may remain ... Intracellular freezing seldom occurs in nature, but moderate rates of decrease in temperature, e.g., 1 °C to 6 °C/hour, cause ... Volume 1. Chilling, Freezing, and High Temperature Stresses, 2nd ed. Academic Press, New York NY. 497 p. Sakai, A.; Okada, S. ... The cells undergo freeze-drying, the dehydration being the basic cause of freezing injury. The rate of cooling has been shown ...
The Invisible Man (2000 TV series)
As Quicksilver does not reflect light, it does not absorb it either; this drops the covered surface's temperature "below ... freezing;" however, it serves to insulate Darien against the extreme cold or heat. It is also stated that Darien can suffer ... his body temperature lowers to a point where he can cool drinks while invisible and escape heat-seeking weapons, he can turn ...
It has been investigated for use as an oxidizer in bipropellant rockets; however, its high freezing temperature makes it ... The resulting nitroform is converted to TNM by adding nitric and sulfuric acid at higher temperatures. With this method a yield ... such as anti-freezing additives. This makes it effectively unusable as a propellant. In the laboratory it is used as a reagent ...
Origins of Paleoindians
The freezing of water limits low temperature performance. The lithium battery, which does not (and cannot) use water in the ... T is absolute temperature(Kelvin), R is the gas constant and Q is reaction quotient which can be found by dividing products by ... At standard temperature, pressure and concentration conditions, the cell's emf (measured by a multimeter) is 0.34 V. By ... the characterization and the determination of the freezing end-point of ice-cream mixes, the determination of free acidity in ...
Chicken as food
Bacteria survives but does not grow in freezing temperatures. However, if frozen cooked foods are not defrosted properly and ... a b c d e f g h i j Home / Fact Sheets / Safe Food Handling / Freezing and Food Safety from USDA Food Safety and Inspection ... Freezing. Raw chicken maintains its quality longer in the freezer, as moisture is lost during cooking. There is little ... "Safe Minimum Cooking Temperatures". U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. Retrieved 28 February 2014.. ...
... the genes will have conditioned the plant to cope with the low temperature. Even below freezing temperatures can be survived if ... Plants can be acclimated to low or even freezing temperatures. If a plant can go through a mild cold spell this activates the ... Temperatures 10 degrees Celsius or more above normal growing temperatures can have a bad effect on several plant reproductive ... In regard to agriculture, Abiotic stress is stress produced by natural environment factors such as extreme temperatures, wind, ...
High temperatures range in the low 70s during the day, with lows in the 50s. Rare cold snaps drop temperatures below freezing ... After a series of freezes in counties north of Polk County, the area became the focal point for citrus growing in Florida. ... summers are hot and humid with high temperatures seldom dropping below 90 °F and 70 °F for the overnight low. Like most of ...
Note that the highest temperature at which any of the droplets freezes is close to -19 °C, while the last droplet to freeze ... does not freeze at 0 °C, but rather at temperatures that tend to decrease as the volume of the water decreases and as the water ... "Photomicrographic Investigation of Spontaneous Freezing Temperatures of Supercooled Water Droplets". NACA Technical Note. 2142. ... However, at lower temperatures ice crystals appear after little or no delay. At these conditions ice nucleation is fast. ...
Barnes, Brian M. (1989). "Freeze Avoidance in a Mammal: Body Temperatures Below 0 °C in an Arctic Hibernator". Science. 244 ( ... as well as a drop in internal temperatures, which can be around ambient temperature in some cases. For example, the internal ... Geiser, Fritz (2004). "Metabolic Rate and Body Temperature Reduction During Hibernation and Daily Torpor". Annu. Rev. Physiol. ... To maintain a high constant body temperature is energy expensive - mammals therefore need a nutritious and plentiful diet. ...
Once the drawing is completed, the film is "heat set" or crystallized under tension in the oven at temperatures typically above ... Clear boPET web substrate is used as lidding for fresh or frozen ready meals. Due to its excellent heat resistance, it can ... Five layers of metallized boPET film in NASA's spacesuits make them radiation resistant and help regulate temperature. ...
Amphibian - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The northern seas were frozen. During the late Upper Paleolithic (Latest Pleistocene) c. 18,000 BP, the Beringia land bridge ... The formation of the isthmus had major consequences on global temperatures, because warm equatorial ocean currents were cut off ... Some scientists have hypothesized that hominins began cooking food to defrost frozen meat, which would help ensure their ... and the cold Arctic and Antarctic waters lowered temperatures in the now-isolated Atlantic Ocean. ...
Level of measurement
Examples include temperature with the Celsius scale, which has two defined points (the freezing and boiling point of water at ... Ratios are not meaningful since 20 °C cannot be said to be "twice as hot" as 10 °C (unlike temperature in Kelvins), nor can ... The Kelvin temperature scale is a ratio scale because it has a unique, non-arbitrary zero point called absolute zero. ...
List of Dragon Ball GT episodes
Eis freezes him again, but Goku is able to break free, and he beats the dragon. As Eis is begging for mercy, he suddenly ... He can raise his body temperature to even greater levels than the surface of the sun, which makes punching him out of the ... It freezes him in a metal block (kind of like turning to stone), and he is instantly transmitted to the nearby tower, where ... He then freezes the rest of Goku. Eis commands Nova to finish Goku off, but Nuova refuses because Goku can't defend himself. ...
Warm clothes and supplies were dropped and the cosmonauts spent a freezing night in the capsule or Sharik in Russian. Even ... When night arrived, the temperature dropped to −5 °C (23 °F), and the spacecraft's hatch had been blown open by explosive bolts ... Doctors reported that Leonov nearly suffered heatstroke - his core body temperature increased by 1.8 °C (3.2 °F) in 20 minutes ...
Fish stock (food)
... and the cell temperature was stable at around 30 °C. But then, at some point (in some of the experiments), the temperature rose ... "his research account had been frozen". He claims that the new experiment has already seen "neutron emissions at similar levels ... an electrolysis cell operating steadily at one temperature transitions to operating at a higher temperature with no increase in ... These high temperature phases would last for two days or more and would repeat several times in any given experiment once they ...
Some reptiles exhibit temperature-dependent sex determination (TDSD), in which the incubation temperature determines whether a ... Blood is then extracted; the serum is separated, purified and freeze-dried. The cytotoxic effect of snake venom is being ... While the optimum temperature is often encountered when the animal is active, the low basal metabolism makes body temperature ... Preferred temperatures versus optimal performance temperatures of lizards. Evolution No. 4, vol 5: pp. 1098-1115 PDF ...
It cannot overwinter in below freezing temperatures, so it only survives the winter in the most southern regions of the ... The larva process lasts from 14 to 30 days, again depending on temperatures. The mature caterpillar is about 1.5-2.0 inches ... Duration and survival of the pupal stage depend on the temperature of the environment. ... Because larva cannot enter into diapause they cannot survive cold temperatures. ...
... frozen eggs, dried eggs, egg yolks, frozen yolks, dried yolks, alone or in any combination, with or without water. Optional ... The pasta is then dried at a high temperature.. Factory-manufactured. The ingredients to make dried pasta usually include ... Roos, Yrjö H (2010). "Glass Transition Temperature and its Relevance in Food Processing". Annual Review of Food Science and ... Cooked pasta may be frozen for up to two or three months. Should the pasta be dried completely, it can be placed back in the ...
They are resistant to ultraviolet radiation, desiccation, high temperature, extreme freezing and chemical disinfectants. Thermo ... ETO is the only low-temperature sterilant to stop outbreaks on these instruments. In contrast, "high level disinfection" ... While significantly resistant to heat and radiation, endospores can be destroyed by burning or by autoclaving at a temperature ... In hospitals, endospores on delicate invasive instruments such as endoscopes are killed by low-temperature, and non-corrosive, ...
Field Museum of Natural History
504th Infantry Regiment (United States)
South West England
"South west faces temperature jump". BBC News. 19 June 2009. Retrieved 25 June 2009.. ... is the leading provider of frozen desserts to the UK foodservice industry. The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office is in Taunton ... Areas of moorland inland such as: Bodmin Moor, Dartmoor and Exmoor experience lower temperatures and more precipitation than ... They experience the highest summer maxima temperatures, but winter minima are colder than the coast. Snowfalls are more ...
As the date is in early January and the waters are close to freezing, this is considered an honorable act and it is said that ... In the more mild climate of the southern city of Sochi meanwhile, where air and water temperatures both hover in the low to mid ... Katia Moskvitch, Russia's trend for dipping children in frozen rivers. Retrieved January 5, 2015. ... led by the Czar and the Patriarch of Moscow would proceed to the frozen Moskva River. A small gazebo, called Iordan', would ...
... where discrete use of refrigeration or freezing is recommended and temperature variation kept to a minimum). ... Many of the active substances in black tea do not develop at temperatures lower than 90 °C (194 °F). As a result, black tea ... Tea must be kept at room temperature in an air-tight container. Black tea in a bag within a sealed opaque canister may keep for ... Some say it is preferable to add the milk before the tea, as the high temperature of freshly brewed tea can denature the ...
ചൊവ്വ - വിക്കിപീഡിയ
"Frozen Water Confirmed on Mars". UANews.org. ശേഖരിച്ചത് 2008-08-24. *↑ "NASA Mars Mission declared dead". BBC. November 10, ... ignored (സഹായം) 'conditions such as now occur on Mars, outside of the temperature-pressure stability regime of liquid water ... March 17, 2005). "Evidence from the Mars Express High Resolution Stereo Camera for a frozen sea close to Mars' equator". Nature ... "Mars pictures reveal frozen sea". ESA. ശേഖരിച്ചത് 2010-03-19. *↑ 18.0 18.1 "NASA Spacecraft Confirms Martian Water, Mission ...
All kangaroo rat species are sensitive to extreme temperatures and remain in their burrows during rain storms and other forms ... "move-freeze" mode may also make it less conspicuous to nocturnal predators. ... In particular, Merriam's kangaroo rats live in areas of low rainfall and humidity, and high summer temperature and evaporation ... To maintain a constant temperature and relative humidity in their burrows, kangaroo rats plug the entrances with soil during ...
... formed ionic liquid may not freeze down to very low temperatures (down to −150 °C) and the glass transition temperature was ... Low temperature varieties. Low temperature ionic liquids (below 130 K) have been proposed as the fluid base for an ... Room temperature varieties. Table salt NaCl and ionic liquid 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl) ... Thomas Welton (1999). "Room-Temperature Ionic Liquids". Chem. Rev. 99 (8): 2071-2084. doi:10.1021/cr980032t. PMID 11849019.. . ...
... and 8.0 nights with freezing lows annually. It is rare for the temperature to reach 20 or 100 °F (−7 or 38 °C), with the last ... Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given ... Officially, as measured at New Orleans International Airport, temperature records range from 11 to 102 °F (−12 to 39 °C) on ... The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 53.4 °F (11.9 °C) in January to 83.3 °F (28.5 °C) in July and August. ...
A few hardy hybrids can withstand temperatures well below freezing, but do not produce quality fruit. Lemons can be ... Tangerines, tangors and yuzu can be grown outside even in regions with more marked subfreezing temperatures in winter, although ... but realistically temperatures not falling below −2 °C (28 °F) are required for successful cultivation. ...
... engine cooling applications require the use of a water and antifreeze mixture to lower the freezing point to a temperature ... High temperatures or pump turbulence and shear may kill or disable smaller organisms passing the screens entrained with the ... Temperature increases initially favor a population shift from species requiring the high-oxygen concentration of cold water to ... Water coolers utilising convective heat transfer are used inside high-end personal computers to lower the temperature of CPUs. ...
freezing temperatures | PBS NewsHour
Much of the American Midwest is experiencing a deep freeze that will bring with it the lowest temperatures seen in a generation ... Trenton and Baltimore all broke temperature records during a burst of arctic air that wreaked havoc by freezing pipes. Also, ... Why the Midwests deep freeze may be a consequence of climate change More than a quarter of the U.S. population is expected to ... Temperatures in the Midwest plunged below those at the South Pole Wednesday, falling as far as negative 40 degrees Fahrenheit, ...
Freezing temperatures endanger Athens' homeless | Reuters Video
Winter weather hits millions with freezing temperatures, snow [Video]
Passengers Push Plane In Siberia In Freezing Temperatures
... passengers in the Siberian town of Igarka got out to push a Russian airliner that was stuck on the runway amid temperatures ... said the airlines braking system got jammed in the cold temperatures. ... passengers in the Siberian town of Igarka got out to push a Russian airliner that was stuck on the runway amid temperatures ...
Freezing temperatures in Western states threaten crops - latimes
The cold snap that has brought unseasonably cold temperatures to California has engulfed several other Western states. The ... New Mexico is also facing below-freezing temperatures, while the high in Albuquerque will be at or below freezing for the next ... Albuquerque saw below-freezing temperatures Friday night.. In Colorado, the Denver Broncos and Baltimore Ravens battled ... Overnight temperatures could fall to the single digits in some areas. The NWS said the temperatures are expected to dip low ...
UPDATE: Freezing Temperatures Impact Conococheague Creek
Washington County, Maryland Government strives to fulfill its duty to the citizens of Washington County with regard to operational efficiency, fiscal responsibility, and responsiveness to the needs of the community. This vision is used to ably assist the Board of County Commissioners of Washington County in achieving goals for moving the County forward as present needs and future plans are addressed. ...
Cold air invades South, bringing below-freezing temperatures | Hosted
... the temperatures were even chillier: A U.S. Forest Service weather station near Brasstown Bald, the states highest peak, ... the chilly weather system brought temperatures down to the mid-20s early Tuesday, prompting city officials to open a warming ... A blast of cold air drove temperatures below freezing in many southern states.In Atlanta, ... A freeze warning Tuesday morning covered large parts of southern Mississippi and southeast Louisiana, where sub-freezing ...
Freezing Temperatures Ideal For Michigan Wine Makers
... By Savannah Fish WPBN-TV ... While many people prefer to stay inside during the cold weather, the icy temperatures are a perk for northern Michigan ... While many people prefer to stay inside during the cold weather, the icy temperatures are a perk for northern Michigan ... Old mission winery Chateau Chantal picked their frozen grapes this morning to make their seasonal ice wine. ...
Freezing temperatures, wind on Thursday
IT WILL MAKE IN WITH SLEET AND FREEZING RAIN. THE TEMPERATURE WILL CONTINUE TO GO UP ON SATURDAY. BY THE AFTERNOON, IT WILL ... 18 IN WESTMINSTER , AND THE TEMPERATURE WILL ONLY GO UP A COUPLE OF DEGREES THIS AFTERNOON P ARE WE HAVE THE WIND ADVISORY IN ... A CHILLY RAIN ON SUNDAY FOR THE RAVENS GAME WITH A HIGH TEMPERATURE AGAIN NEAR 50, BUT THE APERTURE WILL BE FALLING FOR THE ... A MIX OF SUNSHINE AND A FEW CLOUDS, WINDY AND COLD THIS AFTERNOON, HIGH TEMPERATURES IN THE 20S, BUT THE WINDCHILL BETWEEN 0 ...
Freezing Temperatures - The Virginian-Pilot
It not only dumped at least 10 inches of snow on the region, but it also left us with freezing temperatures turning the snow ... Here are a few photos from back in 1936 when temperatures dropped so low that the mighty Atlantic froze solid. ... Frozen in time. There was no motion in the ocean back in 1936 ... After were done with the flooding it will be time for a freeze ... How to make sure your water pipes dont freeze - and steps to take if they do ...
Freezing cold: Temperatures hit record lows in Missouri and Kentucky.
The East Coast freeze isnt just in the north. Weather this cold is exceedingly rare in South Florida, but Miami will only be a ... With Thursdays high temperature not even expected to reach double digits, it hasnt been this cold in Chicago this late in ... All this cold has led to a rapid freeze-up of the Great Lakes-quickly exceeding the pace even of last years prolonged Arctic ... Whats more, should the temperature fall below zero degrees, it would be the coldest day in the nations capital since the mid- ...
Nashville cold weather shelter opening as temperatures fall to freezing
... offered homeless individuals rides to shelters to help keep them off of the streets as the temperature fell below freezing. ... offered homeless individuals rides to shelters to help keep them off of the streets as the temperature fell below freezing. ... offered homeless individuals rides to shelters to help keep them off of the streets as the temperature fell below freezing.. ... offered homeless individuals rides to shelters to help keep them off of the streets as the temperature fell below freezing. ...
Ukrainian protesters endure freezing temperature: Inside Kiev's Euromaidan tent city.
The temperature inched toward 14 degrees and the sun poked out. Volunteers shoveled snow and sprinkled the ground with salt, ... Ukrainian protesters are living on the street, withstanding bitter, freezing cold. What is it like to live inside a sub-zero ... After all, the 2004 Orange Revolution took place exactly nine years ago, in the same bitter temperatures. "Maybe its no ... Next to me a middle-aged woman warmed her scarf, which had frozen around her neck. ...
Another morning of freezing temperatures in Sacramento | The Sacramento Bee
Another morning of freezing temperatures is forecast for Sacramento Tuesday before conditions become warmer late in the week. ... the temperature was a bone-chilling - for California anyway - 28 degrees in Sacramento. ... Tonight: Patchy freezing fog after 4am. Areas of frost after 4am. Otherwise, partly cloudy, with a low around 32. Calm wind. ... Tuesday: Patchy freezing fog before 10am. Areas of frost before 10am. Otherwise, mostly sunny, with a high near 54. Calm wind. ...
Snow storms and freezing temperatures to bring second week of chaos - Telegraph
Large areas of Britain face more snow storms and freezing temperatures as the country prepares for a second week of travel ... Snow storms and freezing temperatures to bring second week of chaos Large areas of Britain face more snow storms and freezing ... The coldest temperature of the winter so far was recorded over the weekend in Dalwhinnie, in the Scottish Highlands, where it ... temperatures as the country prepares for a second week of travel chaos. ...
freezing temperatures Archives - Steve Spangler Science
Bursting Frozen Pipes - The Power of Water. With the freezing temperatures across the country, the problem of frozen pipes ... In Denver, the Jefferson County Court House is closed due to frozen pipes breaking, thawing then leaking. Water is unlike every ... 52Bursting Frozen Pipes - The Power of Water. ...
Garden Guides | Gardenias and Freezing Temperatures
You should bring gardenias indoors or cover them if you expect a hard freeze, because this can seriously damage the plant. ... Gardenias & Freezing Temperatures. Beauty and fragrance are the reasons many gardeners plant gardenias among their landscapes. ... Temperatures. Gardenias are zone 8 plants, meaning they should survive temperatures as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit, according ... If your gardenias freeze, simply cut them back to ground level, as suggested by North Carolina Cooperative Extension. Many ...
Freezing temperatures coming to Baltimore area
Freezing temperatures are coming tonight with highs not expected to get out of the 20s until Saturday. ... TEMPERATURES IN THE LOW TO MID 40S THIS AFTERNOON. LURKING OFF TO THE NORTHWEST, TEMPERATURES FALL OFF IN THE TEENS AROUND ... TOMORROW, A CHANGE OF TEMPERATURES. HIGH TEMPERATURES IN THE 20S. WIND CHILL BETWEEN ZERO AND 50 DEGREES. IT :00 MORNING, WHAT ... TEMPERATURES IN THE LOW 20S. DURING THE DAY TOMORROW, WINDY AND COLD WITH A CHANCE OF SNOW FLURRIES. IT WILL FEEL MUCH COLDER ...
Russia suffers freezing temperatures, page 1
He froze to death and they found him in the morning, joined to the grate by the frozen condensation resulting from the steam. ... I would imagine daily life in temperatures as low as -60 Celsius must almost grind to a halt. The insulation needed inside the ... That is crazy and I have only experienced that temperature with a hefty wind chill. -30 C on the other hand is still a biting ... The painfully cold temperatures have reportedly killed at least 31 people in European Russia since 16 January. Most of the ...
Relief Organizations Ready For Freezing Temperatures
One freezing cold nights, many will seek shelter, but others will not. That can be frustrating to those who work helping those ... The Rescue Mission and the Salvation Army plead with the street people to come in on nights when cold temperatures can be ... Scofield spent many a night outside in subfreezing temperatures. Tuesday night, he will be at the Rescue Mission, but he knows ...
Freezing and refrigerated storage in fisheries - 17. Temperature measurement of fish
17.2 Temperature measurement of fish during freezing. 17.3 Temperature measurement of frozen fish. 17.4 Summary of rules for ... 17.3 Temperature Measurement of Frozen Fish. It is sometimes necessary to check the temperature of frozen fish during handling ... 17.2 Temperature Measurement of Fish During Freezing. Since fish is frozen from the outside inwards, it is impossible to judge ... Even after freezing, cheeks are frequently made on the temperature of the frozen product during handling, transportation and ...
Met Office warns of freezing fog as temperatures plummet
Temperatures dropped to -6 in Glasgow this morning, as the Met Office said clear skies would bring freezing fog across the UK. ... Met Office warns of freezing fog as temperatures plummet. Dig your winter kit out runners, its getting cold.. ... Tomorrow morning will bring a "cold start" with freezing fog patches, too for those morning miles. Helen says the fog "may well ...
Sub-freezing temperatures expected as cold air mass grips region - Los Angeles Times
Temperatures were beginning to drop across Southern California on Wednesday night as sub-freezing weather was expected in ... Sub-freezing temperatures expected as cold air mass grips region A pair of hikers trod through a blanket of fresh snow ... The temperature in downtown Los Angeles was 53 degrees.. The agency issued freeze warnings from Santa Barbara to Orange ... Temperatures were beginning to drop across Southern California on Wednesday night as sub-freezing weather was expected in ...
Snow and Freezing Temperatures Blast the UK
... with plummeting temperatures, sleet and snow set to hit parts of the country. ... Temperatures will plummet to minus 6C, with parts of north Wales, north east England and Scotland among the coldest spots. ... In 1963, the sea froze in places such as Poole in Dorset. Blizzards buried parts of Wales and south-west England in snow drifts ... Forecasters said the icy freeze could bring widespread chaos as the AA warned that 75 percent of drivers were unprepared for ...
Freezing squidgy chocolate cake and oven temperatures
Are oven temperatures meant for a fan or a static oven? This question applies to all Delias recipes as I have never seen oven ... can the chocolate sponge be made in advance and frozen for later use? ... Yes you can make the sponge ahead and freeze it.. All of Delias electric oven temperatures are intended for conventional top ... Squidgy Chocolate Cake: can the chocolate sponge be made in advance and frozen for later use? Are oven temperatures meant for a ...
Cool, breezy as temperatures stay above freezing
Temperatures will near the 40s today and tomorrow and ... After freezing temperatures last week, the weather in the Miami ... After freezing temperatures last week, the weather will get a little warmer. ... Temperatures will near the 40s today and tomorrow and we may see highs around 44 on Wednesday, the National Weather Service in ... It will be warmer Tuesday with temperatures reaching the low 40s and melting snow packs. High winds, between 11 and 15 mph will ...
Cold Can Kill Bedbugs But They Can Still Survive Freezing Temperatures - Redorbit
Exposing bed bug-infested clothing or other small items to freezing temperatures may be a viable control option for people at ... However, a new study has found that bed bugs may be less susceptible to freezing temperatures than previously reported. ... Cold Can Kill Bedbugs But They Can Still Survive Freezing Temperatures. by editor ... the authors describe how exposing bed bugs to freezing temperatures affects them, and they provide practical recommendations ...
UK weather this weekend: Snow, rain, flooding and freezing temperatures - Mirror Online
Forecasters predicted plummeting temperatures and yet more showers, leaving thousands of properties at risk of further damage ... With that though we will have colder temperatures, dropping to below freezing on Saturday evening, and snow across the hills in ... Britain braced for weekend big freeze with snow adding to rain and flood misery. Forecasters predicted plummeting temperatures ... The big freeze is coming from the Arctic. A spokesman for the Met Office said: "People are going to really notice the colder ...
Exeter's help for the homeless in freezing temperatures | West Country - ITV News
Exeters help for the homeless in freezing temperatures on ITV News, videos, stories and all the latest West Country news ... Homeless In The Big Freeze. Homeless people in Devon describe what it is like to sleep rough in freezing temperatures. ... As the temperatures stay below freezing in the evening, the homeless are among those worst affected. In fact it has been so ...
How to prepare your car for freezing temperatures | wkyc.com
How to prepare your car for freezing temperatures. Here are a few products to prepare your vehicle for cold temperatures, ... We hate frigid temperatures, and so does our car. As it gets colder outside, the less power your battery has to turn the engine ... When outside temperatures get to around zero degrees Fahrenheit and below, even the a well-maintained car can use a little help ... The best product you can add to the car to combat subzero temperatures is a block heater. Its an electric heating element that ...
DegreesFrigidCelsiusPlummetForecastersPipesForecastAmidRecord lowsBubble frozeWind chillsDeep freezeNewsColder temperaturesSingle digitsFrostbiteWarm temperaturesLowsBlastBody Temperature2018Overnight temperaturesWidespreadHomelessMinusWinterFahrenheitWindsCold-stunnedSusceptiblePolarBoilingArctic airWarmer temperaturesRAINLower temperaturePlungeMeasurementChillyUnseasonably warmCryopreservationBelow zeroSnowfallColdest temperatureIndoors or coverWeekWintryDropNational Weather1963Storm
- Temperatures in the Midwest plunged below those at the South Pole Wednesday, falling as far as negative 40 degrees Fahrenheit, even before accounting for windchill. (pbs.org)
- Dozens passengers in the Siberian town of Igarka got out to push a Russian airliner that was stuck on the runway amid temperatures below 50 degrees Celsius. (rferl.org)
- Much of southern Nevada will also be gripped by cold into Monday morning, as overnight temperatures may drop as low as 15 degrees. (latimes.com)
- In the north Georgia mountains, the temperatures were even chillier: A U.S. Forest Service weather station near Brasstown Bald, the state's highest peak, recorded a low temperature of 16 degrees (-9 Celsius) early Tuesday morning. (ap.org)
- In Alabama, Auburn was among the coldest spots in the state early Tuesday with a low temperature of 22 degrees (-5.5 Celsius) just before dawn. (ap.org)
- Below-freezing weather early Tuesday stretched all the way to Mobile, where the mercury dipped to 31 degrees (-0.5 Celsius). (ap.org)
- What's more, should the temperature fall below zero degrees, it would be the coldest day in the nation's capital since the mid-1990s. (slate.com)
- Weather this cold is exceedingly rare in South Florida, but Miami will only be a few degrees above freezing on Friday morning. (slate.com)
- Nashville opening overflow cold shelter Saturday night as temperatures fall into 20s The overnight low Saturday could reach 27 degrees, and Metro has opened its overflow cold-weather shelter for people to stay warm. (tennessean.com)
- Gardenias are zone 8 plants, meaning they should survive temperatures as low as 15 degrees Fahrenheit, according to the University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service. (gardenguides.com)
- Proper springtime weather is also needed, with evening temperatures no lower than 40 degrees for buds to develop, according to Colorado State University Extension. (gardenguides.com)
- The wave of Arctic air from Siberia hit Russia on 16 January and has not relented since, with temperatures plummeting to minus 31 degrees Celsius (minus 24 Fahrenheit) yesterday night. (abovetopsecret.com)
- In Yamalo-Nenetsk Autonomous Okrug, the temperature plummeted to minus 61 degrees Celsius (minus 78 Fahrenheit), an all-time record low there. (abovetopsecret.com)
- Haryana's Hisar on Friday recorded a minimum temperature of 1.2 degrees Celsius - the coldest in 47 years. (hindustantimes.com)
- In Punjab, Faridkot recorded a minimum temperature of 0.2 degrees Celsius, Bathinda 1.2 degrees and Amritsar 2.2 degrees on Friday. (hindustantimes.com)
- On January 8, 2006, Delhi recorded a minimum temperature of 0.2 degree Celsius and the lowest temperature of minus 0.6 degrees Celsius was recorded in January 1935. (hindustantimes.com)
- The temperature in downtown Los Angeles was 53 degrees. (latimes.com)
- Hard freeze conditions, which occur below 28 degrees, were expected across mountain and inland valley areas. (latimes.com)
- If you only have the option of a fan setting you will need to reduce the oven temperature by 20 degrees. (deliaonline.com)
- The majority of motor oil freezes at approximately -90 degrees Fahrenheit. (reference.com)
- Silver freezes from a liquid into a solid at a temperature of approximately 1,762 degrees Fahrenheit. (reference.com)
- For weather temperatures between 10 and 100 degrees Fahrenheit, SAE 10W30 motor oil is recommended for Yamaha V-Star 650 motorcycles. (reference.com)
- What Does a Low Body Temperature of 96 Degrees Fahrenheit Mean? (reference.com)
- Temperatures below minus 15 degrees celcius are sufficient to control all life stages of bed bugs after 3.5 days, while temperatures below minus 20 degrees celcius require only 48 hours. (redorbit.com)
- They also observed bed bug eggs surviving in short-term exposures to temperatures as low as minus 25 degrees celcius. (redorbit.com)
- When outside temperatures get to around zero degrees Fahrenheit and below, even the a well-maintained car can use a little help! (wkyc.com)
- All you need to do is unclamp the battery and wrap the blanket around it and secure it and when you plug it in, it will raise the temperature of the battery to 70 degrees. (wkyc.com)
- According to University Herald , a new study published in the Journal of Economic Entomology found that bed bugs can survive temperatures as low as 3 degrees Fahrenheit (-16 degrees Celsius) for up to three days' time. (ibtimes.com)
- Temperatures under 27 degrees for at least four hours could damage acres of trees in the colder growing regions that are still attempting to recover from the 1983 freeze. (sun-sentinel.com)
- This was 5 degrees colder than the Icee and established the Slurpee as the reigning champion of frozen drinks. (cockeyed.com)
- We're providing winterization kits and warm clothing in eastern Lebanon's Bekaa Valley, where record temperatures reached as low as 14 degrees below Celsius. (mercycorps.org)
- Police Chief James Burroughs said they took the temperature at the scene, and it was 8 degrees below zero. (seattlepi.com)
- Columbus, Ohio is seeing temperatures dip into the 20s as it reached 29 degrees farenheit during Ohio State 's game against Indiana . (cbssports.com)
- It snowed in South Bend, Indiana where temperatures feel to 23 degrees during the game. (cbssports.com)
- Earlier, during the Michigan-Iowa game, temperature at kickoff was 18 degrees. (cbssports.com)
- Above 32 degrees, you cannot get frostbite, but you can get hypothermia, which occurs when your body temperature falls below 95 degrees. (parade.com)
- However, a leading maker of frozen French fries, Ore-Ida, recommends that people cook their fries at 450 degrees Fahrenheit for an ideal consistency and taste. (reference.com)
- Diver Andrew Bain said the club did a similar trip to the lake in summer, but with the air temperature yesterday hovering about 0 degrees Celsius, the latest foray held a new set of challenges. (abc.net.au)
- The vice-president and manager of Gless Ranch, which grows oranges, lemons and grapefruit on 5,000 acres 100 miles north of Los Angeles, spends his nights shuttling from field to field where costly wind machines are warming up the groves by a few critical degrees that can make all the difference once temperatures dip dangerously low. (huffingtonpost.ca)
- Citrus farmers are no stranger to cold and use irrigation and wind machines to propel warm air through the fields and raise the temperature by several degrees after nightfall. (huffingtonpost.ca)
- Farmers are on the lookout once temperatures drop to 28 degrees and anything in the low-20s is critical, said Bob Blakely, the association's director of industry relations. (huffingtonpost.ca)
- Temperatures fell to near record lows early Thursday and Friday in Fresno at 28 degrees. (huffingtonpost.ca)
- In Riverside, temperatures hit 31 degrees early Thursday, which is 11 degrees below normal, said Ryan Kittell, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service. (huffingtonpost.ca)
- Below-average temperatures will last for the next week, with lows below 40 degrees in Little Rock and throughout much of Arkansas, according to the weather service. (arkansasonline.com)
- A freeze watch is in effect for six Northwest Arkansas counties, where temperatures will drop between 30-32 degrees Thursday, according to the weather service. (arkansasonline.com)
- The town of Pullman just shattered their all-time record for coldest March day Monday morning when the temperature dropped to a bone-chilling -9 degrees. (komonews.com)
- Temperatures were near zero to single positive digits across much of the rest of the region with Spokane readings ranging from +4-6 degrees while Ellensburg dropped to 0, and Moses Lake hit -1, and Wenatchee was down to 4 degrees. (komonews.com)
- Temperatures are generally 5 to 13 degrees cooler than this time yesterday. (yubanet.com)
- Some spots in the Valley had reached around freezing at 3 am, such as Fairfield at 32 degrees (where wind is actually calm) and 33 at Beale Air Force Base (where the wind is light). (yubanet.com)
- The tissues could then be stored above freezing temperatures at 4 degrees Celsius. (si.edu)
- The temperature at about 11:15 a.m. Tuesday was 9 degrees with a 10-degree wind chill. (amny.com)
- The city had already hit its low at 8:37 a.m. at Central Park when the temperature was 11 degrees. (amny.com)
- Across the east, the wind chill factor will bring temperatures down by up to 10 degrees -- and the "apparent temperature" down even further. (sott.net)
- At the City of Buenos Aires temperatures this morning reached 3 degrees, wind chill factor 2.4 degrees Celsius. (mercopress.com)
- Temperatures should gradually rise through the weekend, with a highs of 37, 43 and 45 degrees predicted for Friday, Saturday and Sunday, respectively. (gazette.com)
- When water temperatures fall below 50 degrees, turtles can become stunned. (firstcoastnews.com)
- Temperatures are expected to sink 15 to 30 degrees colder than the average from the Plains to the East Coast, the National Weather Service has warned. (thesun.co.uk)
- Ice and snow builds up along Lake Michigan in Chicago as a polar vortex sent temperatures far below zero degrees Celsius. (metro.co.uk)
- When water temperatures drop below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, the turtles are rendered immobile and float to the surface. (sott.net)
- Controlling the freeze-drying process is dependent on two factors: the presence of a deep vacuum and a temperature differential of 15 to 20 degrees between the sample's eutectic temperature (freezing point) and the temperature of the collector. (labmanager.com)
- Pipelines freeze, as temperatures drop below 25 degrees. (wthitv.com)
- Anastasia Gruzdeva poses for selfie in Yakutsk, Russia, on Jan. 13, 2018, as the temperature dropped to -58 degrees Fahrenheit. (chicagotribune.com)
- Eyelashes freeze, frostbite is a constant danger and cars are usually kept running even when not being used, lest their batteries die in temperatures that average minus-58 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter, according to news reports. (chicagotribune.com)
- The town's official measurement recorded the temperature at minus-74 Fahrenheit this week, though a new digital thermometer installed in town for all to see, part of the town's reputation for frigid temperatures, broke as it registered minus-80 degrees on Sunday. (chicagotribune.com)
- According to the Siberian Times, some residents' own measurements had shown the temperature below minus-88 degrees, approaching a former record from the 1930s. (chicagotribune.com)
- Temperatures in the remote region of Yakutia have dropped to near-record lows, plunging to -88.6 degrees Fahrenheit in some areas. (chicagotribune.com)
- A thermometer shows as the temperature at -65 degrees Centigrade (-85 degrees Fahrenheit) in the village of Tomtor in east Yakutia, Russia, on Jan. 14, 2018. (chicagotribune.com)
- By the time he reached the hospital, Rutledge's body temperature had fallen to about 86 degrees. (lubbockonline.com)
- We hate frigid temperatures, and so does our car. (wkyc.com)
- The video shows the Lower Cascades Waterfall completely frozen as frigid temperatures have lingered for more than a week. (wdsu.com)
- And in partnership with UNICEF we're providing 4,000 families in North Bekaa and Baalbeck with vouchers to buy jackets and warm clothing for their children, who are particularly vulnerable to the frigid temperatures. (mercycorps.org)
- Freezing temperatures and frigid wind chills can cause pipes to freeze. (cleveland.com)
- Washington-based photographer Angela Kelly took advantage of the frigid temperatures earlier this month by blowing bubbles with her son and photographing the spectacular results for her series dubbed Frozen in a Bubble . (mymodernmet.com)
- Windsor Locks, CT - 12/29/17 - Deb Roncari does not let Friday's frigid temperatures stop her from taking her daily walk on Elm Street in Windsor Locks. (ctnow.com)
- The immediate cause of the frigid temperatures since Monday is an Arctic airmass moving in from Canada. (amny.com)
- With some news stories suggesting that a majority of invasive species across the United States have been greatly reduced in numbers because of rare frigid temperature this winter it is understandable that some folks might think the battle of the invasive is close to being won. (usda.gov)
- Research conducted by the USDA Forest Service after the last frigid temperatures of a visiting polar vortex showed that nearly 70 percent of EABs were killed off. (usda.gov)
- This is the moment a woman's hair froze straight up in a wild, gravity-defying style in the frigid Midwest cold. (metro.co.uk)
- The winter diet is mostly meat-based, sometimes eaten raw or frozen, due to the inability to grow crops in the frigid temperatures. (chicagotribune.com)
- I would imagine daily life in temperatures as low as -60 Celsius must almost grind to a halt. (abovetopsecret.com)
- It has been found in practice that an instrument used to measure the temperature of wet fish should have an accuracy of within 0.5 Celsius degree. (fao.org)
- According to weather reports the temperature in Tabuk, which was 5° Celsius on Thursday, is expected to reach 0° Celsius and below, in two weeks. (arabnews.com)
- In Riyadh, where the minimum temperature is 10° Celsius, the education department has reminded principals to exercise their judgment to skip the morning lineup program because of the cold weather. (arabnews.com)
- In Hail, where the temperature is currently as low as 4° Celsius, last Friday a man documented rainwater found frozen in a container, a scene that residents of a usually dry climate rarely experience. (arabnews.com)
- Many acrylic manufacturers recommend temperatures of 60-75 F (15-24 Celsius) for storage and application, and anything below 45 F (7.2 Celsius) is certainly not recommended. (thoughtco.com)
- In 1742, the noted Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701-1744), professor of astronomy at the University of Uppsala, proposed the temperature scale which now bears his name, although for many years it was called the centigrade scale. (jrank.org)
- Interestingly, Celsius at first set boiling as zero and freezing as 100, but this was reversed in 1750 by the physicist Martin Strömer, Celsius's successor at Uppsala. (jrank.org)
- Defined in this way, a Celsius degree (°C) is 1/100 of the temperature difference between the normal boiling and freezing points of water. (jrank.org)
- You cannot convert between Fahrenheit and Celsius temperatures simply by multiplying by 1.8, however, because their zeroes are at different places. (jrank.org)
- To convert a temperature from Fahrenheit to Celsius or vice versa, you first have to account for the differences in their zero points. (jrank.org)
- Below zero temperatures were registered in several locations reaching minus 16,2 Celsius in Malargüe, Mendoza Province, according to Argentina's Meteorological Service (SMN). (mercopress.com)
- San Rafael, also located in Mendoza, also registered very low temperatures (minus 8 Celsius) as the province's capital Mendoza thermometers reportedly reached 1,8 below zero. (mercopress.com)
- Forecasters said the icy freeze could bring widespread chaos as the AA warned that 75 percent of drivers were unprepared for the road conditions. (ibtimes.co.uk)
- Forecasters said the freezing weather could also affect south Dade County. (sun-sentinel.com)
- The cold air mass of Canadian air causing concern appeared to be moving a little slower than expected, which could mean temperatures will be warmer that forecasters initially thought, said Jim Noffsinger, meteorologist for the National Weather Service in Ruskin. (sun-sentinel.com)
- Overnight temperatures in the central and southern portions of the state will be in the upper 20s, forecasters said. (arkansasonline.com)
- All of Arkansas will be under a freeze warning Friday night into Saturday morning, forecasters said. (arkansasonline.com)
- The first freeze of the winter season is expected to hit most of Arkansas this weekend, forecasters said. (arkansasonline.com)
- The biting cold of the last two days will only last through Tuesday, forecasters said, and the rest of the week will bring warmer temperatures. (amny.com)
- The bitter cold that followed a massive East Coast snowstorm should begin to lessen as temperatures inch up and climb past freezing next week, weather forecasters said. (nbcmiami.com)
- Temperatures dropped as low as -62F (-52C) in Minnesota and -50F (-46C) in Chicago, which forecasters said can cause immediate frostbite. (metro.co.uk)
- The extreme cold is expected to continue until Friday, forecasters say, when temperatures are expected to return to average winter conditions. (metro.co.uk)
- In our news wrap Friday, Washington, New York, Trenton and Baltimore all broke temperature records during a burst of arctic air that wreaked havoc by freezing pipes. (pbs.org)
- Exposed water pipes will freeze, the agency said. (latimes.com)
- The National Weather Service warned residents in those areas to take steps to prevent pipes from freezing such as wrapping them or allowing faucets to drip slowly. (ap.org)
- With a few simple tips, you can protect the water pipes in your home from freezing. (pilotonline.com)
- With the freezing temperatures across the country, the problem of frozen pipes rupturing is in the news. (stevespanglerscience.com)
- In Denver, the Jefferson County Court House is closed due to frozen pipes breaking, thawing then leaking. (stevespanglerscience.com)
- Margevicius offered a series of tips to prevent frozen pipes. (cleveland.com)
- Be aware of where your shut-off valve in case your pipes freeze. (cleveland.com)
- The cold snap signals plumbing misery for many, with frozen and burst pipes heading up the league of household disasters. (peterboroughtoday.co.uk)
- In very cold weather take special care to prevent water pipes becoming frozen by ensuring that all exposed pipes and storage systems are properly insulated, particularly in the roof space or attic. (peterboroughtoday.co.uk)
- As aviation crews at South Carolina's busiest airport, Charleston International Airport, struggled to clear runways of snow and ice so they could be reopened, in New England water main breaks, frozen hydrants and burst pipes created new problems for officials. (nbcmiami.com)
- Our freeze alarms are designed to monitor multiple zones in a home in order to immediately detect dangerously low temperatures that may cause pipes to freeze or burst. (homesecuritystore.com)
- From frozen pipes, heaving decks, shattered tile to torn pool covers, there are several areas that you'll have to check on to ensure that your outdoor pool will make it safely through the low temperatures. (americanpool.com)
- Frozen pipes are a concern where any water is present. (americanpool.com)
- This reaction, combined with freezing temperatures, makes pipes and hoses prone to damage. (americanpool.com)
- If there aren't any instructions on keeping the pipes from freezing, consider turning on the equipment. (americanpool.com)
- This way, water will continuously run through the pipes, lowering the chance of freezing. (americanpool.com)
- In the event of a deep and long lasting freeze, you may want to think about draining, blowing and plugging lines and utilizing anti-freeze on the lines and pipes. (americanpool.com)
- Water pipes can freeze and in some cases, burst. (wthitv.com)
- Close up view of tonight's forecast low temperatures across South Florida via @NWSMiami . (slate.com)
- Temperatures today hover around freezing in northern Belgium with sleet and rain, while snow is forecast for the woodlands of the Ardennes. (vrt.be)
- Freezing temperatures were forecast for Monday in the northern section of the Citrus Belt, including Lake and Orange counties. (sun-sentinel.com)
- Temperatures in the teens Friday could drop to a low near 11 overnight, followed by highs in the 20s over the next four days, according to the National Weather Service forecast. (cleveland.com)
- A freeze warning issued for Friday night has been extended to all of Arkansas, with light snow forecast for early next week, according to the National Weather Service in North Little Rock. (arkansasonline.com)
- NOAA's Global Forecast System models showed the temperature peaking at 0.71ºC for six hours for the same time period, warm enough for fresh-water ice to melt. (unknowncountry.com)
- Brett Favre, who had little trouble in last week's divisional-round win over Seattle played amid snowflakes the size of golf balls, is 43-5 when the temperature in Green Bay is 34 or lower. (foxnews.com)
- As the rain poured down amid freezing conditions in Tasmania yesterday morning, most Tasmanians stayed snuggled up in bed. (abc.net.au)
- Freezing cold: Temperatures hit record lows in Missouri and Kentucky. (slate.com)
- Patrick Burke, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service's Weather Prediction Center in College Park, Maryland, said temperatures Sunday morning could hit record lows from South Carolina to Maine. (nbcmiami.com)
- Earlier this week, a cold snap sent temperatures plunging toward record lows. (chicagotribune.com)
- This was the incredible moment a bubble froze instantly with beautiful snowflake patterns. (msn.com)
- In an interview with KOMO News, Kelly explains, "We blew the bubbles across the top of our frozen patio table and also upon the hood of my car and then we watched in awe as each individual bubble froze with their own unique patterns. (mymodernmet.com)
- Many Northeast residents endured jaw-clenching temperatures and brutal wind chills on Saturday as cleanup continued from the storm that dropped as much as 18 inches (46 centimeters) of snow in some places on Thursday. (nbcmiami.com)
- His trucking company called the truck stop and emergency workers were summoned to search for him as temperatures dropped to more than 10 below zero in the area, with wind gusts of 30 mph leading to wind chills of negative 35 or colder. (lubbockonline.com)
- Wdsu news.Freeze warnings are posted againtonight! (wdsu.com)
- The news comes as freezing temperatures continue to cause major problems for rail and air passengers, while many roads across the UK are gridlocked. (4ni.co.uk)
- raw, frozen horse liver, and ice cubes of horse blood with macaroni, according to news reports. (chicagotribune.com)
- Overnight temperatures could fall to the single digits in some areas. (latimes.com)
- A blast of arctic air is expected to arrive Tuesday night, dropping temperatures into the single digits on Wednesday with an overnight low that could be below zero. (cleveland.com)
- begins the USPS motto, and James Williams, a Hartford posal worker who was hired this summer, got his first taste of the agency's unconditional commitment to delivering the mail this week when temperatures plummeted into the single digits. (ctnow.com)
- Temperatures are expected to moderate in Eastern Washington as we head into the work week with lows in the upper single digits to teens on Monday night, 'warming' into the teens and 20s for Tuesday night through the rest of the week. (komonews.com)
- Hypothermia and frostbite are serious medical conditions caused by prolonged exposure to cold temperatures. (fremont.gov)
- Frostbite is an injury to the body caused by freezing. (fremont.gov)
- The risk of frostbite is increased in people with reduced circulation and individuals not dressed properly for extreme cold temperatures. (fremont.gov)
- Can You Get Frostbite in Above-Freezing Temperatures? (parade.com)
- A freeze warning is also in effect until Tuesday morning for the greater Phoenix area with morning lows in the low 30s for the city, while outlying suburbs and rural areas should expect temperatures to dip into the low 20s. (latimes.com)
- In metro Atlanta, low temperatures early Thursday are expected to be in the mid-20s, with lows around 20 in some north Georgia mountain towns. (onlineathens.com)
- A blast of cold air drove temperatures below freezing in many southern states. (ap.org)
- The surface of the fish, which is close to the freezing medium such as the cold air in a blast freezer or the cold metal of a plate freezer, will very quickly be reduced to a temperature near to that of the freezer. (fao.org)
- Wheat producers may fare better than expected from the arctic blast that plunged temperatures into the mid- to upper 20s in early March and threatened the crop across Louisiana. (arklatexhomepage.com)
- In the freezing foothills of Montana, a distinctly bitter blast of revolution hangs in the air. (abovetopsecret.com)
- The resulting loss in body temperature can affect brain function decreasing the ability to think clearly and move well. (fremont.gov)
- Sea turtles, like other reptiles, are cold-blooded and therefore cannot regulate their own body temperature. (sott.net)
- Doctors said his body temperature was so low when he arrived at the hospital that just one more hour likely would have been fatal. (lubbockonline.com)
- Edwards also said the dirt pathways are frequently recovered with bark to control mud.Residents say overnight temperatures have been in the 20s. (kcra.com)
- Residents say overnight temperatures have been in the 20s. (kcra.com)
- Back-to-back nights of single-digit overnight temperatures in Cape Cod, Massachusetts, this week have killed over 80 sea turtles, most of which were endangered Kemp's Ridley sea turtles. (sott.net)
- When they wash ashore, they remain immobile and the freezing overnight temperatures make survival impossible. (sott.net)
- Nashville Metro Police officers offered homeless individuals rides to shelters to help keep them off of the streets as the temperature fell below freezing. (tennessean.com)
- Facing freezing temperatures, residents of California's only legal homeless camp gathered around a large fire for warmth Saturday night. (kcra.com)
- Homeless people in Devon describe what it is like to sleep rough in freezing temperatures. (itv.com)
- As the temperatures stay below freezing in the evening, the homeless are among those worst affected. (itv.com)
- But in the 1981 AFC championship game, while the temperature was minus-9, the wind chill plunged to minus-59 at Cincinnati as the Bengals beat San Diego 27-7. (foxnews.com)
- In Uruguay early dawn temperatures dropped to minus 3 Celisus in most of the country particularly in the north. (mercopress.com)
- The temperature registered minus 37 Saturday at the Mount Washington Observatory in New Hampshire, one of the coldest places on the planet. (nbcmiami.com)
- Though schools in the area remain open as temperatures dip into the minus-40s, they were closed on Tuesday, the Associated Press reported. (chicagotribune.com)
- With Thursday's high temperature not even expected to reach double digits, it hasn't been this cold in Chicago this late in winter since 1963 . (slate.com)
- The coldest temperature of the winter so far was recorded over the weekend in Dalwhinnie, in the Scottish Highlands, where it reached 4.5F (-15.3C). (telegraph.co.uk)
- As temperatures drop this winter, take precautions to stay safe during the cold weather. (fremont.gov)
- Children are freezing from the cold, but their families don't have any winter necessities like stoves or fuel to keep their children warm. (mercycorps.org)
- If you have to ship an acrylic painting in the winter, it is worth the investment to ensure it is transported via a temperature-controlled truck. (thoughtco.com)
- If you have to move houses or studios in the winter, place your acrylics inside the warm car so they are not exposed to extreme temperatures while in transport. (thoughtco.com)
- Koch said the number of freezes will increase as arctic air masses continue to move farther south as the winter season progresses. (arkansasonline.com)
- Seattle, a city with mild winter temperatures, was actually colder on the same day, at -1ºC (30ºF). (unknowncountry.com)
- While above-freezing temperatures are not unusual for Arctic regions during the summer, this temperature spike is unusual in that the Arctic has not seen the sun in months, as it does not rise above the horizon in the region above the Arctic Circle during winter. (unknowncountry.com)
- While this temperature anomaly is expected to be short-lived, it does raise concerns over it's potential impact on the formation of surface ice over the winter, ice that would normally reflect solar radiation back into space when the sun returns over the summer months. (unknowncountry.com)
- A blistering winter wind blew from Siberia and over to Europe, causing temperatures to fall to sub-zero and lower. (nydailynews.com)
- An assessment of the wheat crop over the Rolling Plains following the last freeze found that high winds and high temperatures did more damage than a freeze. (reporternews.com)
- Wheat damage was assessed after the last freeze, but there were more damaged heads due to high winds and high temperatures than freeze. (reporternews.com)
- Friday was warmer than Thursday, when temperatures hovered in the low teens and winds lacerated anyone outdoors. (ctnow.com)
- From biting winds to below freezing temperatures, there are many hazards and potential problems that may result in pool repair if a site is not properly tended to. (americanpool.com)
- However, a new study has found that bed bugs may be less susceptible to freezing temperatures than previously reported. (redorbit.com)
- Plants are susceptible to freezing. (fremont.gov)
- Early-maturing varieties that were at boot stage or starting to head out before the freeze were more susceptible to injury and took a bigger hit, he said. (arklatexhomepage.com)
- Parts of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi received rain during the early hours of Saturday as North India continued to battle bone-chilling temperatures. (hindustantimes.com)
- It is outrageous that despite all European promises and announcements, men, women and children are living in tents under freezing rain. (doctorswithoutborders.org)
- Temperature measurement is important at all stages of fish handling and processing to ensure that the fish and their environment are at a suitable temperature for maintaining the good quality of the fish. (fao.org)
- All these temperature-measuring requirements need special instruments and special techniques in order to give meaningful results and what follows gives some guidance on the correct methods of temperature measurement to suit each requirement. (fao.org)
- Mercury thermometers made possible the development of reproducible temperature scales and quantitative temperature measurement. (jrank.org)
- In Atlanta, the chilly weather system brought temperatures down to the mid-20s early Tuesday, prompting city officials to open a warming shelter. (ap.org)
- If you don't got on a few layers of clothing, you're not going to survive out here pushing these carts," he grumbled, before returning to work in the chilly Friday temperatures. (ctnow.com)
- If the wind kicks up, temperatures certainly will dive below zero, and head toward the NFL records. (foxnews.com)
- Traditional oil paints, by comparison, have a base of linseed oil, which freezes below zero. (thoughtco.com)
- That is because -40° (40 below zero) happens to come out at the same temperature on both scales, so adding 40 gets them both up to a comparable point: zero. (jrank.org)
- Here you see Jack getting into his new found joy with the temperature a 11 below zero and a wind chill facture of -24 below zero. (redbubble.com)
Indoors or cover2
- More than a quarter of the U.S. population is expected to deal with sub-zero temperatures this week. (pbs.org)
- After freezing temperatures last week, the weather will get a little warmer. (springfieldnewssun.com)
- So McCarthy used some frozen balls at practice this week to help simulate likely conditions Sunday. (foxnews.com)
- Milder temperatures are only expected to arrive next week and then it will be pretty showery too. (vrt.be)
- CLEVELAND, Ohio -- Cleveland city officials on Friday offered tips to residents dealing with freezing temperatures that are expected this weekend and could return during parts of next week. (cleveland.com)
- Growers across California have toiled this week to protect the state's prized $2 billion a year citrus industry and other key crops such as lettuce and avocados from the cold snap that engulfed the state, dropping temperatures to levels that can damage fruit and delay the harvest of greens. (huffingtonpost.ca)
- A surprisingly consistent pattern emerged: Each year, the first really cold week-with low humidity and temperatures below freezing-seemed to trigger the spread of flu. (health.com)
- In addition, CAMTA1, CAMTA2 and CAMTA3 function together to inhibit SA biosynthesis at warm temperature (22°C). However, SA levels increase in Arabidopsis plants that are exposed to low temperature for more than 1 week. (nih.gov)
- Other cities in the state such as Narnaul (0.2°C) Sirsa (2°C) and Rohtak (2°C) also saw a drop in their minimum temperature. (hindustantimes.com)
- Temperatures were beginning to drop across Southern California on Wednesday night as sub-freezing weather was expected in mountain and inland valley areas. (latimes.com)
- Normal iced drinks wouldn't ever drop below freezing, would they? (cockeyed.com)
- Avocado growers in California are also bracing for icy temperatures that threaten to freeze the quarter-of-an-inch stems that dangle fruit from the tree, which could drop avocados to the ground. (huffingtonpost.ca)
- Gless, who also farms 2,000 acres in Riverside County, said he hasn't seen temperatures drop to critical levels in his Southern California fields but will also be keeping a watch. (huffingtonpost.ca)
- We believe that this sudden drop in temperature contributes to 'kickstart' the epidemic," said lead author Nicklas Sundell, a researcher at Sahlgrenska Academy and infectious diseases specialist at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, in a press release. (health.com)
- When a simple closed system does work and no heat is added, the temperature of the system will drop. (answers.com)
- Temperatures will near the 40s today and tomorrow and we may see highs around 44 on Wednesday, the National Weather Service in Wilmington said. (springfieldnewssun.com)
- A storm system was expected to increase those temperatures to around freezing early Saturday and could bring snowflakes to the valley floor, said Modesto Vasquez, a meteorologist at the National Weather Service. (huffingtonpost.ca)
- There's been a few places that have dropped below freezing, but they're usually a little bit more exposed - some random place on top of a mountain," National Weather Service meteorologist Dan Koch said. (arkansasonline.com)
- An Artic airmass will bring freezing temperatures to New York City beginning Jan. 4, 2016, the National Weather Service says. (amny.com)
- Now whether they are storm victims who face the task of rebuilding their homes and lives, or residents waiting to have their utilities restored, they have a new challenge this new year dealing with temperatures that have dipped below freezing. (kmov.com)
- The same warming trend in Atlantic and Pacific waters that contributed to massive storm systems across eastern regions of North America and in northern Europe also pushed temperatures at the North Pole to the freezing mark, with Environment Canada reporting that an ocean buoy near the pole registered a temperature of 0ºC (32ºF) on Dec. 30. (unknowncountry.com)