A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
The interrelationship of psychology and religion.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
The ability to attribute mental states (e.g., beliefs, desires, feelings, intentions, thoughts, etc.) to self and to others, allowing an individual to understand and infer behavior on the basis of the mental states. Difference or deficit in theory of mind is associated with ASPERGER SYNDROME; AUTISTIC DISORDER; and SCHIZOPHRENIA, etc.
Sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)
Beliefs and practices concerned with producing desired results through supernatural forces or agents as with the manipulation of fetishes or rituals.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
What a person has in mind to do or bring about.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
The individual's objective evaluation of the external world and the ability to differentiate adequately between it and the internal world; considered to be a primary ego function.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
The teaching ascribed to Gautama Buddha (ca. 483 B.C.) holding that suffering is inherent in life and that one can escape it into nirvana by mental and moral self-purification. (Webster, 3d ed)
An imagined sequence of events or mental images, e.g., daydreams.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
The interactions between physician and patient.
A belief or practice which lacks adequate basis for proof; an embodiment of fear of the unknown, magic, and ignorance.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.
A person's view of himself.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Patient or client refusal of or resistance to medical, psychological, or psychiatric treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The inspection of one's breasts, usually for signs of disease, especially neoplastic disease.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
The uncritical acceptance of an idea or plan of action.
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
An occupational discipline founded by D.D. Palmer in the 1890's based on the relationship of the spine to health and disease.
The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)
Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.
Any negative tradition or behavior that is generally regarded as harmful to social welfare and forbidden within a cultural or social group.
Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Female parents, human or animal.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
The comparative and theoretical study of culture, often synonymous with cultural anthropology.
Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.
A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.
Branch of psychology that deals with paranormal behavior and events such as telepathy, precognition, and clairvoyance, which are not explicable by present day "natural laws".
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Behavior exhibited by individuals who are overly suspicious, but without the constellation of symptoms characteristic of paranoid personality disorder or paranoid type of schizophrenia.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in taking drugs or medicine as prescribed. This includes timing, dosage, and frequency.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)
A series of actions, sometimes symbolic actions which may be associated with a behavior pattern, and are often indispensable to its performance.
The geographic area of the midwestern region of the United States in general or when the specific state or states are not indicated. The states usually included in this region are Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, North Dakota, South Dakota and Wisconsin.
A defense mechanism operating unconsciously, in which the individual attempts to justify or make consciously tolerable, by plausible means, feelings, behavior, and motives that would otherwise be intolerable.
A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Refusal to admit the truth or reality of a situation or experience.
The conscious portion of the personality structure which serves to mediate between the demands of the primitive instinctual drives, (the id), of internalized parental and social prohibitions or the conscience, (the superego), and of reality.
Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.
The expected function of a member of the medical profession.
Persons trained in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY to make use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction.
It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Sexual activities of humans.
Radiographic examination of the breast.
The common orally transmitted traditions, myths, festivals, songs, superstitions, and stories of all peoples.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
Individuals participating in the health care system for the purpose of receiving therapeutic, diagnostic, or preventive procedures.
The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.
Professionals qualified by graduation from an accredited school of nursing and by passage of a national licensing examination to practice nursing. They provide services to patients requiring assistance in recovering or maintaining their physical or mental health.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Motivational state produced by inconsistencies between simultaneously held cognitions or between a cognition and behavior; e.g., smoking enjoyment and believing smoking is harmful are dissonant.
Male-associated sex-specific social roles and behaviors unrelated to biologic function.
Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.
Members of a religious denomination founded in the United States during the late 19th century in which active evangelism is practiced, the imminent approach of the millennium is preached, and war and organized government authority in matters of conscience are strongly opposed (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). Jehovah's Witnesses generally refuse blood transfusions and other blood-based treatments based on religious belief.
Those factors, such as language or sociocultural relationships, which interfere in the meaningful interpretation and transmission of ideas between individuals or groups.
The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Individual's expression of desirability or value of one course of action, outcome, or selection in contrast to others.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Mystical, religious, or spiritual practices performed for health benefit.
Behavioral or attitudinal compliance with recognized social patterns or standards.
Individuals with a degree in veterinary medicine that provides them with training and qualifications to treat diseases and injuries of animals.
The philosophy or code pertaining to what is ideal in human character and conduct. Also, the field of study dealing with the principles of morality.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Providers of initial care for patients. These PHYSICIANS refer patients when appropriate for secondary or specialist care.
Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.
A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.
Health as viewed from the perspective that humans and other organisms function as complete, integrated units rather than as aggregates of separate parts.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Provision (by a physician or other health professional, or by a family member or friend) of support and/or means that gives a patient the power to terminate his or her own life. (from APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed).
Interactions between health personnel and patients.
Process of cultural change in which one group or members of a group assimilate various cultural patterns from another.
A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.
Subjective feeling of having committed an error, offense or sin; unpleasant feeling of self-criticism. These result from acts, impulses, or thoughts contrary to one's personal conscience.
The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
Behaviors associated with the giving of assistance or aid to individuals.
The rights of individuals to act and make decisions without external constraints.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
An act of employing sorcery (the use of power gained from the assistance or control of spirits), especially with malevolent intent, and the exercise of supernatural powers and alleged intercourse with the devil or a familiar. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Set of expectations that exempt persons from responsibility for their illness and exempt them from usual responsibilities.
Patient involvement in the decision-making process in matters pertaining to health.
The interactions between parent and child.
A psychological theory based on dimensions or categories used by a given person in describing or explaining the personality and behavior of others or of himself. The basic idea is that different people will use consistently different categories. The theory was formulated in the fifties by George Kelly. Two tests devised by him are the role construct repertory test and the repertory grid test. (From Stuart Sutherland, The International Dictionary of Psychology, 1989)
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.
Research carried out by nurses concerning techniques and methods to implement projects and to document information, including methods of interviewing patients, collecting data, and forming inferences. The concept includes exploration of methodological issues such as human subjectivity and human experience.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
The interactions between the professional person and the family.
The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.
Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.
The comparative study of social organization in animals including humans, especially with regard to its genetic basis and evolutionary history. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
A medical-surgical specialty concerned with the physiology and disorders primarily of the female genital tract, as well as female endocrinology and reproductive physiology.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is San Juan. It is a self-governing commonwealth in union with the United States. It was discovered by Columbus in 1493 but no colonization was attempted until 1508. It belonged to Spain until ceded to the United States in 1898. It became a commonwealth with autonomy in internal affairs in 1952. Columbus named the island San Juan for St. John's Day, the Monday he arrived, and the bay Puerto Rico, rich harbor. The island became Puerto Rico officially in 1932. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p987 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p436)
The influence of Kondh traditional beliefs on Christianity can be seen in some rituals such as those associated with Easter and ... By custom, marriage must cross clan boundaries (a form of incest taboo). The clan is strictly exogamous, which means marriages ... The girls and boys sleep at night in their respective dormitory and learn social taboos, myths, legends, stories, riddles, ... Hence, the customary laws, norms, taboos, and values were greatly adhered to and enforced with high to heavy punishments, ...
... "traditional health beliefs, taboos, rituals, and proscriptions."[27] The practice used to be known as "lying-in", which, as the ...
I look forward to working with the Secular Coalition to stop the promotion of narrow religious beliefs in science, marriage ... Marinucci, Carla (March 14, 2007). "Stark's atheist views break political taboo". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved December ... "Congressman Holds No God-Belief". Secular Coalition for America. March 12, 2007. Archived from the original on September 28, ...
ISBN 978-0-691-14069-8. Ruud, J. (1970). Taboo: A Study of Malagasy Customs and Beliefs (2nd ed.). Oslo University Press. ASIN ... Taboo, known in Madagascar as fady, offers protection for the fossa and other carnivores. In the Marolambo District (part of ... It is generally feared by the Malagasy people and is often protected by their fady (taboo). The greatest threat to the fossa is ... Jones, Julia P.G.; Andriamarovolona, Mijasoa A.; Hockley, Neal J. (2007). Taboos, social norms and conservation in the eastern ...
ISBN 978-0-9648825-1-5. Ruud, J. (1970). Taboo: A Study of Malagasy Customs and Beliefs (2nd ed.). Oslo University Press. ASIN ... Many Malagasy have taboo, or fady, about hunting and eating lemurs, but this does not prevent hunting in many regions. Even ... Other lemur fady include the belief that a wife will have ugly children if her husband kills a woolly lemur, or that if a ... Because of this, lemurs, like many other elements of daily life, have been a source of taboos, known locally as fady, which can ...
ISBN 978-1-86462-047-4. Ford, Phil (2008-07-16). "Taboo: Time and Belief in Exotica" (PDF). Representations. 103 (103): 107-135 ... "Taboo" and "Taboo 2" by Arthur Lyman and "The Sounds of Exotic Island" by The Surfmen. Some composers pushed the bounds of the ...
Ford, Phil (2008-07-16). "Taboo: Time and Belief in Exotica" (PDF). Representations (103): 107-135. Retrieved 2009-08-05. Lanza ...
"Navajo Taboos for Nature, Domestic and Wild Animals". NavajoCentral.org. Archived from the original on December 26, 2018. ... 1984). Popular beliefs and superstitions from Utah. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press. ISBN 9780874802368. Ernest Bulows ... OCLC 881469397.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link) Sources of Superstitious Beliefs. Julius B. Maller and Gerhard E. ... "Cultural China - Festivals and Customs - Taboo 2 - Giving a clock". Retrieved 30 April 2016. "Luck and Horseshoes Webpage ...
The tribe is rich in beliefs and taboos. The most elaborate cultural practice they have is circumcision. The Tachoni practice ... They are taught Tachoni beliefs, philosophy, values and practices. Circumcision practices distinguish the Tachoni from the ...
Malaria Control Alongside "Sadsana-Phee" (Animist Belief System) in Lao PDR. In: Modern Medicine and Indigenous Health Beliefs ... Numerous taboos regarding behavior in the house are observed to avoid offending ancestral spirits. Chinese folk religion ... Animist beliefs are often practiced side by side in Thailand and Laos. Among the Lao, the Lao Loum and Lao Lom are ... Lamet have similar beliefs, and each village must have one ritualist (xemia), who is responsible for making all the sacrifices ...
Terror and Taboo: The Follies, Fables, and Faces of Terrorism: Routledge. Johnstone, Nick (December 12, 2004). "Beyond Belief ... History has shown that groups that seek to withdraw from the dominant culture seldom act on their beliefs that the endtime has ... The religious scholars pointed out that the beliefs of the group may have appeared to be extreme, but to the Branch Davidians, ... All of these perspectives are united in the belief that the deaths of the Branch Davidians at Waco could have been prevented ...
Taboos[edit]. Main article: Culture and menstruation. Despite the fact that menstruation is a healthy biological process, it is ... Cultural, religious and traditional beliefs - particularly in developing countries - can lead to restrictions that women or ... Gyesi, Zadok Kwame (2 June 2015). "'Do Away With Taboos Surrounding Menstruation'". Graphic. Retrieved 29 June 2015.. ... To break taboos surrounding menstruation, raise awareness of the importance of good menstrual hygiene management worldwide. ...
Although his art is considered taboo, his goal is not to be offensive; his art is very symbolic and a way to express his ... to express their anger and beliefs about society and government. However, some of Huang Yan's most offensive art include ... In Chinese culture, nudity and the human body are still considered taboo. Landscapes symbolize the intellectual values of the ... beliefs. Other contemporary artists such as Ai Weiwei are bitter towards the government and used the "Fuck Off Exhibition" ...
For residents of Lelepa the cave is considered tapu. According to local beliefs, after death one's soul moves into the Fels ...
This is a taboo belief that Islam does not tolerate. In Surah 2, verse 163, it states that your God is one God! There is no god ... This belief is taboo in Islam because Muslims believe that death comes from Allah, not from night creatures. As seen in Surah ... These cultural beliefs stem from traditional practices such as late-night calls, rites of passage, animism, and sacred site ... Although Islam is a monotheistic religion, the belief that there is only one God, many ethnic tribes in The Gambia are ...
This quote exemplifies the sexist beliefs expressed during this time period. Because of these opinions and beliefs, the idea of ... In the past, menstruation has been thought of as superstitious and taboo. An example of this line of thought comes from the ... The belief also reinforced the stereotype of women being fragile in physical and emotional well-being. Multiple studies were ... Functional periodicity is a term that emerged around the late 19th century around the belief, later to be found invalid, that ...
Women who get abortions often are associated with negative stereotypes due to cultural beliefs. Many of these cultural issues ... In many African countries, abortions are considered taboo. ... Diseases, political conflict, cultural beliefs, health systems ...
A vivid description of taboos and magic is provided by Schweitzer. Most of the health services of Gabon are public, but there ... Many persons practice elements of both Christianity and traditional indigenous religious beliefs. Approximately 73 percent of ... 10 percent practice traditional indigenous religious beliefs exclusively; and 5 percent practice no religion or are atheists. ...
There was a belief among the Northern Athabaskan peoples that weapons could be only handled by men, and that for a weapon to be ... There were specific taboos against taking the skins of unhealthy deer. But the lucrative deerskin trade prompted hunters to act ... In an effort to distinguish themselves from natives, many Métis strongly associated with Roman Catholic beliefs and avoided ... Native American beliefs revolved around respecting the environment. Indians believed they had a unique relationship with the ...
The otter is held to be a clean animal belonging to Ahura Mazda in Zoroastrian belief, and taboo to kill.[25] ...
They observe strict incest taboos, including taboos against marriage within a clan. In the past, they frequently allowed ... Many of the religious beliefs of the Southeastern Ceremonial Complex or the Southern Cult, were also shared by the Northeastern ... Southeastern peoples also traditionally shared similar religious beliefs, based on animism. They used fish poison, and ...
This postnatal recuperation can include "traditional health beliefs, taboos, rituals, and proscriptions." The practice used to ...
There are many folk beliefs and taboos surrounding the Hungry Ghost Festival. Spirits are thought to be dangerous, and can take ... There is a belief in the oral tradition of Chinese and Vietnamese ancestral worship that the ghosts of the ancestors may be ...
Despite his belief, Lobell's comedy often covers taboo topics such as sex. Lobell befriended Jackie Mason, George Carlin, and ...
According to Levine, the title change was a result of his belief that the original title was too nebulous, and that the film's ... ISBN 978-0-786-49348-7. O'Brien, Shelley F. (2011). "Killer Priests: The Last Taboo?". In Hansen, Regina (ed.). Roman ... Catholicism in Fantastic Film: Essays on Belief, Spectacle, Ritual and Imagery. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. pp. 256- ...
There are also various taboos associated with ghosts and demons in Temuan beliefs. Loyok, an evil bird that flies in the ... The Temuan's culture reflects their belief in these nature spirits. Their animism takes the form of taboos, herbal remedies, ... The belief in the existence of a higher god, are referred to as Tuhan by the Temuan people. The Temuans believe they were ... They do not praise a baby, in the belief that it would make the child sick and die. If a Temuan is travelling and a little rain ...
Magicoreligious practices included omens, charms, amulets, songs, taboos, and beliefs about the supernatural. Beliefs and ... The taboos (Tanacross injih, Upper Tanana įhjih) are animistic forbidden. In addition to adhering to a code of behavior, people ... Many of these taboos were associated with hunting or some other aspect of the food gathering process, thus underscoring the ... The animistic belief system common to all Alaskan Athabaskan groups might be briefly characterized as follows: All creatures, ...
Art is sacred and interrelated with the concepts of mauri, mana and tapu. Maori weaving is full of symbolism and hidden ... embodied with the spiritual values and beliefs of the Maori people. She wove using materials such as muka (prepared fibre of ... The ancient Polynesian belief is that the artist is a vehicle through whom the gods can create. ...
There are strict rules regarding taboo (Kwaio: abu), and violations of them must be redressed with sacrifices. One example of a ... Kwaio have been more resistant than other nearby peoples in the continuation of their beliefs. The traditional religion is a ...
In fact, these relationships are considered taboo in Kenya. The only way we see these being accepted would be over the long ... This is a matter that deserves reflective discussion by our society in recognition of our values and beliefs. This is a view ... Homosexuality is "largely considered to be taboo and repugnant to [the] cultural values and morality" of Kenya. Despite this, ... One, there has been a serious intolerance to homosexual relationships in the country because of cultural beliefs. ...
Benedict, in Patterns of Culture, expresses her belief in cultural relativism. She desired to show that each culture has its ... For her, the greatest taboos in life were crying in front of people and showing expressions of pain.[5] She reminisced, "I did ... She described in detail the contrasts between rituals, beliefs, personal preferences amongst people of diverse cultures to show ...
Since ancient times Tengrism was the dominant belief system of the Mongols and still retains significant importance in their ... They might also be sent by some malicious shaman enraged by breaking some taboo, like stepping on a yurt's threshold, ...
Due to the taboos surrounding the anus and the potential for discomfort and embarrassment, the rectal exam is a common comedic ... "Fecal Occult Blood Testing Beliefs and Practices of U.S. Primary Care Physicians: Serious Deviations from Evidence-Based ...
2005). Inbreeding, incest, and the incest taboo: the state of knowledge at the turn. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047 ... Contrary to common belief, inbreeding does not in itself alter allele frequencies, but rather increases the relative proportion ... Along with cultural taboos, parental education and awareness of inbreeding consequences have played large roles in minimizing ...
Curious Customs and Bizarre Beliefs Around the World. Peanut Butter Pub. 1999. p. 14. ISBN 9780897168656. .. ... Vietnamese women who married Chinese men adopted the Chinese taboo.[124] Vietnamese women were wedded to the Chinese who helped ... For example, crocodiles were eaten by Vietnamese while they were taboo and off-limits for Chinese. ...
Eid Al Adha (10th of Dhu al-Hijjah in the Hijri (Islamic calendar)). (Not necessarily the belief of all sects and schools of ... Taboo food and drink. *Vegetarianism and religion. References[edit]. *^ "Do You Need to Starve Before Surgery? - ABC News". ... Certain days of the week are also set aside for fasting depending on personal belief and favorite deity. For example, devotees ... Individuals observe different kinds of fasts based on personal beliefs and local customs. Some are listed below. ...
Christianity - that is, the religion of the Bible - is the only scheme or form of belief which disavows any possessions on such ... The Old Testament and the Mosaic Law and Judaism are commonly supposed to be "Tabooed" by the orthodox. Sceptics pretend to ... The extent to which Maxwell "ploughed up" his Christian beliefs and put them to the intellectual test, can be judged only ... Maxwell's religious beliefs and related activities have been the focus of a number of papers.[85][86][87][88] Attending both ...
... speech and place taboos.[39] The rules regarding these taboos were used to educate and govern Nri's subjects. This meant that, ... Basden, George Thomas (1921). Among the Ibos of Nigeria: An Account of the Curious & Interesting Habits, Customs & Beliefs of a ... Basden, George Thomas (1921). Among the Ibos of Nigeria: An Account of the Curious & Interesting Habits, Customs & Beliefs of a ... Primarily Christianity, sometimes syncretised with indigenous Igbo religion and belief systems, minority Islam[2]. ...
British historian Richard J. Evans, in his books on the Third Reich,[53] covered various aspects of Stauffenberg's beliefs and ... as Stauffenberg became considered taboo.[62] ... The deeply rooted belief common in the German aristocracy was ...
... food preferences can result from genetic preferences for sugary or fatty foods and socially-learned eating practices and taboos ... are falsely claiming that it is too dependent on ideas related to the neodarwinian synthesis which dropped Darwin's own belief ...
are then handled by that individual family rather than by the abusua or clan, especially in the city.[40] The above taboo on ... The members of each abusua are united by their belief that they are all descended from the same ancient ancestress. Marriage ... Also, from the perspective of classical Jewish belief, the primary identity of all people follows the mother. Genesis 20:12, ... Each patrilineal Ntoro group has its own surnames,[38] taboos, ritual purifications, and etiquette.[35] ...
Jason travels the world to see how the belief in God may be implanted into our brains. ... Taboo (2002-14). *Explorations (2003-04). *Be the Creature (2003-04). *Seven Deadly Arts with Akshay Kumar (2004) ...
A common belief is that saliva contained in the mouth has natural disinfectants, which leads people to believe it is beneficial ... It is often considered rude and a social taboo in many parts of the world, including Western countries, where it is frequently ...
Many of these notions were because of religious beliefs and esthetic taboos,[6] and were deeply entrenched in the beliefs of ... Even though both Herophilus and Erasistratus had permission to use cadavers for dissection there was still a lot of taboo ... cervix and vagina and ultimately dispute beliefs that the uterus had multiple chambers in the case of multiple births.[12] It ...
I do not respect Christian beliefs. I think they are ridiculous. If we could get rid of them we could more easily get down to ... consciousness was viewed as a taboo subject by many neurobiologists. Crick hoped he might aid progress in neuroscience by ... Crick referred to himself as a humanist, which he defined as the belief "that human problems can and must be faced in terms of ... Judson describes how Watson spent a large amount of time ignoring Crick's belief (based on Franklin's determination of the ...
The Carib took them to Saint Vincent and intermarried with them, supplying the men with wives, as it was taboo in their society ... They practice a syncretic Catholicism, incorporating traditional beliefs. There is also a Rastafarian minority, primarily ...
The belief in the curative powers of mineral waters goes back to prehistoric times. Such practices have been popular worldwide ... The taboos against bathing disappeared with advancements in medical science; the worldwide medical community was even promoting ... A general belief developed among the European populace was that frequent bathing promoted disease and sickness. Medieval church ... These ceremonies reflect the ancient belief in the healing and purifying properties of water. Complex bathing rituals were also ...
Though gender discrimination and sexism refer to beliefs and attitudes in relation to the gender of a person, such beliefs and ... Male homosexuality still a taboo". The article stated, among other things that honor killings by Iraqis against a gay family ... Whereas religious civil liberties, such as the right to hold or not to hold a religious belief, are essential for Freedom of ... Due to a belief in the capacity to perceive pain or suffering shared by all animals, "abolitionist" or "vegan" egalitarianism ...
Folklore An Encyclopedia of Beliefs, Customs, Tales, Music, and Art. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. pp. 563-564.. ... What they all share however, is a willingness to deal with taboos and a degree of rebellion. Modern puns, Essex girl jokes and ... Folklore An Encyclopedia of Beliefs, Customs, Tales, Music, and Art. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.. ...
Benedetti (1999a, 21, 24) and Carnicke (2000, 11). The prospect of becoming a professional actor was taboo for someone of his ... Stanislavski's concept of "experiencing the role" was based on Tolstoy's belief that rather than knowledge, art communicates ...
... written model about a certain system based on internal beliefs. Analyzing these graphical representations has been an ...
... such that belief in magic, spiritualism, and even religion appears somewhat taboo in intellectual strata.[143] ... According to Thomas Paine, deism is the simple belief in God the Creator, with no reference to the Bible or any other ... He determined the essence of Christianity to be a belief in Christ the redeemer and recommended avoiding more detailed debate.[ ... Locke is known for his statement that individuals have a right to "Life, Liberty and Property" and his belief that the natural ...
This is based upon the blamers' belief that the world is fundamentally just and so any dangerous illness, like cancer, must be ... cancer is the subject of widespread fear and taboos. The euphemism of "a long illness" to describe cancers leading to death is ... this belief allowed society to blame the victim for having caused the cancer (by "wanting" it) or having prevented its cure (by ... belief that deliberately cultivating a habit of positive thinking will increase survival.[198] This notion is particularly ...
... taboos. Shamanism, on the other hand, is an experiential science that deals with an area where we know nothing. It is important ... with whom McKenna shared the belief that "scattered through the ordinary world there are books and artifacts and perhaps people ... of novelty theory and its connection to the Maya calendar is credited as one of the factors leading to the widespread beliefs ...
This cultural belief in separation makes it very hard for many women to call traditional birth attendants to help. According to ... It is unclear what the abortion rate is in the country, likely because it is considered taboo so women are less likely to ... As for personal beliefs, women of Chhetri or Thakuri ethnicity and more illiterate, older, and of higher parity were more ... These indigenous beliefs are similar to the faith healing traditions still practiced today. Faith healing is based on the ...
... contrary to popular belief, didn't anglicize his name for his career but instead because of his estranged relationship with his ...
She divorces Enokizu, but then is persuaded by Enokizu's father to remarry him, due to the father's Catholic beliefs. After the ...
Some people, while not vegetarians, refuse to eat the flesh of certain animals due to cultural taboo, such as cats, dogs, ... Surviving fragments from their Gospel indicate their belief that - as Christ is the Passover sacrifice and eating the Passover ... He cited vegetarianism as the crucial decision in this metamorphosis, explaining his belief that human life and animal life are ... Such ethical motivations have been codified under various religious beliefs, as well as animal rights advocacy. Other ...
Sturt's expedition along the Murray led to a belief that the Aboriginal groups there were practicing agriculture as a result of ... Vendettas and feuds were not uncommon, especially when laws and taboos were broken. Cremation of the dead was practised by ... known for his belief that Aboriginal pre-history has become politicised, argues that the assumption of a single origin is tied ...
Filed under: Belief • Bible • Catholic Church • Charity • Christianity • Church • Church and state • Culture wars • Economy • ... Ground zero mosque 2012 Election Atheism Barack Obama Belief Bible Bishops Catholic Church Christianity Church Church and ... The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the days biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, ... "Money is the last taboo in church. Its much easier to talk about sex than money," said Meyers, who wrote about greed and the ...
2. Your political beliefs and affiliations. Talking about politics at work increases stress, especially when conversations ... Avoid These 5 Taboo Workplace Conversations. Topics: Career Advice February 3, 2018. Unsplash. There some topics that should ...
Filed under: Belief • Bible • Catholic Church • Charity • Christianity • Church • Church and state • Culture wars • Economy • ... Preachers confront last taboo: Condemning greed amid Great Recession. By John Blake, CNN ... The CNN Belief Blog covers the faith angles of the days biggest stories, from breaking news to politics to entertainment, ... Eric Marrapodi - CNN Belief Blog Co-Editor. Filed under: Catholic Church • Christianity • Europe • Islam • Italy • Libya • ...
Make research projects and school reports about taboo easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... Home Philosophy and Religion Other Religious Beliefs and General Terms Religion: General taboo ... TABOOS. TABOOS. A food taboo is a prohibition against consuming certain foods. The word "taboo" (also spelled "tabu") is ... Taboo could be sanctioned by social use or instinct. The violation of a taboo made the offender taboo; taboos, like various ...
Food beliefs and taboos  Abdussalam, Mohammed; Käferstein, Fritz (‎World Health Organization, 1996-03)‎ ...
Food taboos are commonly found among around all societies of the world. In every society, culture and beliefs influence the ... Food taboos and social beliefs among pregnant women in the rural population of Varanasi District. Indian Journal of Preventive ... Food taboos and social beliefs among pregnant women in the rural population of Varanasi District. ... Objectives: The objectives of the present study were- 1. To study the prevalence of food taboos and social beliefs among ...
According to Incest: The Nature and Origin of the Taboo, by Emile Durkheim (tr.1963), "The incest taboo is and has been one of ... Babbel; belief in a victim is integral.. I have since moved on, but still feel the effects EVERYDAY as I never sought official ... taboo/shame. Submitted by annamolly on January 28, 2015 - 11:40am well the article is an awesome read. being a victim myself, ... But what of two consenting adults? Is it still abuse or just taboo sex. Even in your article it says "its believed that the ...
A major study of the role of indigenous customs and taboos in the management of marine resources along the coastline of East ... Indigenous knowledge encompasses the wisdom, knowledge, customs, taboos, beliefs, teachings and practices of local villagers. ... A major study of the role of indigenous customs and taboos in the management of marine resources along the coastline of East ... News highlights > Our stories > Taboos, customs have role in managing Tanzanias r ...
Discussion about food taboos during antenatal care visits and during community education can help reduce the traditional belief ... Approximately 37 % of respondents avoided some foods in pregnancy due to food taboos and no relationship was seen between this ... taboos and beliefs lie within the contextual factors included as one of the basic causes of malnutrition [5, 6]. Food taboos ... The word taboo in general terms is a belief that forbids association of a group people with other people, places or practices [ ...
Ruud, Jørgen (1960). Taboo: a Study of Malagasy Customs and Beliefs. New York: Humanities Press. OCLC 4820312.. ... The taboos are believed to be enforced by supernatural powers, and are particularly connected with Malagasy ancestor worship. ... In Malagasy culture, fady are a wide range of cultural prohibitions or taboos. People, places, actions or objects may be the ... Some writers have argued that fady are conceptually similar to unwritten social taboos in western culture, in which disregard ...
The influence of Kondh traditional beliefs on Christianity can be seen in some rituals such as those associated with Easter and ... By custom, marriage must cross clan boundaries (a form of incest taboo). The clan is strictly exogamous, which means marriages ... The girls and boys sleep at night in their respective dormitory and learn social taboos, myths, legends, stories, riddles, ... Hence, the customary laws, norms, taboos, and values were greatly adhered to and enforced with high to heavy punishments, ...
Folk beliefs, 27-28; see also Taboos. Health. Cham treatment of, 13-14. Civic action projects, 60. Diseases, 13. History. ... CUSTOMS AND TABOOS. Cham customs and taboos vary from village to village depending on the religion (Brahmin or Moslem) of the ... Folk Beliefs. The Cham belief in animistic spirits has traditionally affected virtually every aspect of their existence. These ... Combined with these Indian practices and beliefs, the Brahmin Cham have retained a number of pre-Hindu beliefs common to ...
The problem is with authoritative beliefs, and yes, concerning modern theology the subject is still taboo both for the Church ... Re: Natural Order & Belief Bruno Marchal Sat, 18 Nov 2006 10:25:43 -0800 ... On the contrary theology, after the Roman ,, makes it into an institution, well, it is still taboo today. So the ,, genetics ... There is only problem with those who got impossible certainties about those beliefs (actually a result of lack of faith, even ...
This taboo may not be shared by all ethnicities. The taboo was mentioned by members of the Antaisaka ethnic group of southeast ... Mole crickets are not considered edible due to a widespread cultural belief. They are called "zazavery", which means "lost ... The eating of sakoririka, a vernacular name for Orthoptera that at least includes the genus Ruspolia, is taboo among the ... taboos. We emphasize that we report a qualitative overview only. Preferences in the use of edible Orthoptera vary among ethnic ...
Community awareness, beliefs, and taboos. One of the interviewees was a 60-year-old man who reported being healthy until ... There is a widespread belief that if a bat flies around someone and drops its urine, a person gets liver disease, which ...
Roney-Dougal, S. M. (2006). Taboo and belief in Tibetan psychic tradition. J. Soc. Psychical Res. 70, 193-210. Available online ... Hastings, A. (2002). Guest editorial: the resistance to belief. J. Near Death Stud. 21, 77-98. doi: 10.1023/A:1021271401828 ... of the danger of tying spiritual belief to any scientific system…Great vigilance must be maintained at all times when dealing ...
Cultural beliefs and stigmatization. *Taboos against eye surgery and wearing eyeglasses. *Early detection of and treatment for ...
I look forward to working with the Secular Coalition to stop the promotion of narrow religious beliefs in science, marriage ... Marinucci, Carla (March 14, 2007). "Starks atheist views break political taboo". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved December ... "Congressman Holds No God-Belief". Secular Coalition for America. March 12, 2007. Archived from the original on September 28, ...
of a behaviour, of taboos.. The belief is that, it has ever growing teeth like rodents. ...
She discusses folk beliefs, early medical approaches, and some controversial modern experiments. World War I had a momentous ... Taboos, And Stereotypes, Online, The author gives an overview of societies historical responses, to blindness and to persons ... Description of The Unseen Minority: A Social History of Blindness in the United States: 1. Myths, Taboos, And Stereotypes The ... The Unseen Minority: A Social History of Blindness in the United States: 1. Myths, Taboos, And Stereotypes (Online) An Online ...
Religious and political beliefs were correlated with sexual disgust, particularly Same-Sex Attraction. More conservative ... Short-term mating was associated with sexual disgust, heaviest for the Taboo factor. Although one might expect short-term ... the evolutionary risk may be higher if short-term mating increases the likelihood of dangerous taboo violation. ...
Taboos[edit]. Main article: Culture and menstruation. Despite the fact that menstruation is a healthy biological process, it is ... Cultural, religious and traditional beliefs - particularly in developing countries - can lead to restrictions that women or ... Gyesi, Zadok Kwame (2 June 2015). "Do Away With Taboos Surrounding Menstruation". Graphic. Retrieved 29 June 2015.. ... To break taboos surrounding menstruation, raise awareness of the importance of good menstrual hygiene management worldwide. ...
Our goal is to get the topic off the taboo list. It is our belief we need to learn more about how everyone deals with this ... Taboo Discussion - Life & Death With Dementia - A Choice We Chose Not To Discuss Today we will devote the full two hour show to ... Our goal is to get the topic off the taboo list. It is our belief we need to learn more about how everyone deals with this ... Taboo Discussion - Life & Death With Dementia - A Choice We Chose Not To Discuss. *Broadcast in Caregiving ...
Supposedly, this belief was intended to reinforce the taboo against desecrating or robbing the tombs. She was depicted as a ...
15, 2004 to staff at Kaiser Moanalua: A Micro-orientation to Micronesian Attitudes and Beliefs about Health Care. Please ... Pregnancy has many behavioral taboos, and rituals, including herbal beverages and baths ...
There is a belief, reported in Simpsons book, that once the taboo ... has been broken the eater finds the practice ... I once cited to a seminar I was teaching at Berkeley his remark that of the three taboos only cannibalism had been eliminated, ... In the first telling in Totem and Taboo, the language of factual narrative - One day the brothers ... killed and devoured ... in Totem and Taboo and Moses and Monotheism, where the father is slain and eaten by the sons, who want possession of the ...
Identity, morals, and taboos: Beliefs as assets. Q. J. Econ. 126, 805-855 (2011).. ...
Beliefs about Language. Babel. Fundamentalism. Taboo words. Religion and the Study of Language. ...
  • In the field of food and nutrition, food taboos are not necessarily connected with magical-religious practices, and some nutritionists prefer to speak of "food avoidance. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In Indian society, most food practices and beliefs have emerged from deeply rooted traditions and customs of particular geographical area or culture. (who.int)
  • What are the accepted beliefs and practices among the refugees? (nzdl.org)
  • Of particular note are their shamanistic beliefs and practices, although these have all but died out in recent times. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • On any LDS/DN news report there are a dozen or so self-proclaimed sincere,inquisitive, critics of anything relating to LDS faith, beliefs, and practices. (deseretnews.com)
  • Certain taboos governed hunting practices. (comebackalive.com)
  • Cultural reasons for food taboos often have a geographical basis - unknown or exotic foods will be rejected as unfit for consumption. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Food taboos in a society function also as a means to show differences between various groups and strengthen their cultural identity. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In Malagasy culture, fady are a wide range of cultural prohibitions or taboos. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to Incest: The Nature and Origin of the Taboo, by Emile Durkheim (tr.1963), "The incest taboo is and has been one of the most common of all cultural taboos, both in current nations and many past societies. (psychologytoday.com)
  • In sum, cultural norms, taboos and beliefs may influence what mothers eat during pregnancy and this in turn may affects the birth weight and subsequent wellbeing of their babies. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It is believed that identifying the food taboos practiced by the participants in this study will help entrench Cultural Competency in the delivery of child and maternal health care services in South Eastern Nigeria. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Are there cultural sensitivities, or taboo subjects? (nzdl.org)
  • During this conversation, the concept of money, the psychology of our relationship to money and our cultural beliefs about money are all reframed with a radical concept and from the point of view of Money itself. (brighttalk.com)
  • The underlying question was how far can the North push for a liberal agenda and how far can the South protect and/or preserve its own identity expressed through its religious beliefs and cultural values. (unfpa.org)
  • Broaden your knowledge by studying about the beliefs, customs and taboos of another cultural group. (business-standard.com)
  • According to Meyer-Rochow, much of the outrage comes from people feeling they have been tricked into breaking a deeply felt cultural taboo or, more specifically, a food taboo. (rferl.org)
  • Cultural beliefs and taboos also undermine egg consumption. (sightandlife.org)
  • To break taboos surrounding menstruation, raise awareness of the importance of good menstrual hygiene management worldwide. (wikipedia.org)
  • By custom, marriage must cross clan boundaries (a form of incest taboo). (wikipedia.org)
  • A major study of the role of indigenous customs and taboos in the management of marine resources along the coastline of East Africa has culminated in production of a landmark publication by the CRTR East Africa Centre of Excellence. (gefcoral.org)
  • Taboo: a Study of Malagasy Customs and Beliefs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The girls and boys sleep at night in their respective dormitory and learn social taboos, myths, legends, stories, riddles, proverbs amidst singing and dancing the whole night, thus learning the way of the tribe. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the context of women's 1 health, taboo topics can be summarised as the "three Ms" - menstruation, maternity, and menopause [Grandey, Gabriel and King, 2020 , p. 8]. (sissa.it)
  • Yet in almost every society, periods are shrouded in taboo and stigma, rooted in the false belief that menstruation is dirty and shameful. (hrw.org)
  • Some writers have argued that fady are conceptually similar to unwritten social taboos in western culture, in which disregard can lead to the violator being shunned by the community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Health seeking beliefs and behaviors are seen as a responsibility to maintain good health. (powershow.com)
  • Patients' preferences regarding any alternative treatments also need to be considered carefully [Carlson, Nichols and Schiff, 1993 ], which often requires both the doctor and patient to have difficult conversations, and navigate through taboo topics to reach the best choice of treatment. (sissa.it)
  • The superstitious belief that death shouldn't be spoken about is a notion that we, however, need to turn our hearts away from. (punchng.com)
  • Having a will is not a superstitious belief as many believe, but a means of security and planning. (punchng.com)
  • Yeah, it's just a superstitious belief. (womens-health.co.uk)
  • Various arguments have been used to explain the origins of such food taboos or food avoidance including religion, culture, and hygiene. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Approximately 37 % of respondents avoided some foods in pregnancy due to food taboos and no relationship was seen between this avoidance of food and maternal educational attainment, parity (number of obstetrics deliveries) and occupation. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In every society, culture and beliefs influence the women eating patterns during pregnancy. (who.int)
  • The findings of the present study also revealed no association between food taboos and pregnant women demographic characteristics such as age, category, type of family, educational status, socio-economic status, number of pregnancy etc. (who.int)
  • Discussion about food taboos during antenatal care visits and during community education can help reduce the traditional belief about certain food in pregnancy and early childhood. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This study was designed to identify the various food taboos during pregnancy and in under-two children in the South Eastern Nigeria and the reasons for avoiding these foods. (biomedcentral.com)
  • What's the truth behind taboo and superstitions on food during pregnancy? (womens-health.co.uk)
  • Upbringing, religious beliefs, and even societal misconceptions can play a role in your partner's attitude towards anal play. (healthline.com)
  • The concepts of mana and tapu were primary among aboriginal religious beliefs. (encyclopedia.com)
  • I've run with the pack of reporters covering flare-ups over evolution, "intelligent design," human embryonic stem cells, cloning and other issues where certain religious beliefs clash with scientific inquiry. (minnpost.com)
  • And today most Urantia systems of organized religious belief are passing through this level of evolutionary development. (urantia.org)
  • With compassion and the utmost respect for various religious beliefs, Nightingale inspires her audiences to go out into the world and make a difference. (bbsradio.com)
  • Areas such as ancestral burial grounds, temples and churchyards have been given protection through taboo and religious belief. (bangor.ac.uk)
  • Messianic Judaism is a modern syncretic religious movement that combines Christianity -most importantly, the belief that Jesus is the Messiah -with elements of Judaism and Jewish tradition . (wikipedia.org)
  • This was justified by their religious beliefs. (scienceblogs.com)
  • They range from ancient tribal beliefs in the power of certain animal spirits that must not be offended, to religious dietary laws that proscribe eating certain foods or combinations of foods because they are deemed unhealthy or unclean. (rferl.org)
  • It's about religious belief, which cannot be dissected in a lab as if it were a disease. (nytimes.com)
  • The hiding of most shame studies is further evidence of how deeply shame is still taboo in modern societies. (omicsonline.org)
  • A food taboo is a prohibition against consuming certain foods. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Milk is often a taboo food in such cultures. (encyclopedia.com)
  • One of the few taboos of a food of vegetable origin is the prohibition against alcohol for Muslims and some Christian denominations. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In order to better understand the range of food taboos, it is useful to distinguish between permanent and temporary food taboos or food avoidances. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The classic example of a permanent food taboo is the prohibition against pork by Jews and Muslims. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Some anthropologists point out that food taboos are based on the failure of these foods to fit into the usual systems of classification. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the case of both Jewish and Muslim food taboos, the foods themselves are considered unclean. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Food taboos are commonly found among around all societies of the world. (who.int)
  • To study the prevalence of food taboos and social beliefs among pregnant women. (who.int)
  • 3. To study the association between the demographic characteristic of pregnant women and food taboos. (who.int)
  • It means in every type of family, educated women, as well as of high socio-economic backgrounds women use to belief on food taboos. (who.int)
  • Having studied the history of food taboos, he says every society has them and that often their origins are lost in the mists of time. (rferl.org)
  • Any kind of food taboo unites people of a particular group and that makes them different from the others,' says Meyer-Rochow. (rferl.org)
  • Although human population density had a negative effect on wild mammals, the effect of market integration and food taboos were more important and not accounted for by human population density alone. (ecologyandsociety.org)
  • But any superstitious beliefs especially when it comes to food. (womens-health.co.uk)
  • I love to eat and not any taboo or superstitions on food could stop me eating my favorites. (womens-health.co.uk)
  • Social or collective totemism is the most widely disseminated form of this belief system. (britannica.com)
  • Because of the social taboo they might not do it. (interfaith.org)
  • Perceptions of incest vary across societies, and the degree of taboo around incest-not to mention the legal ramifications-depends largely on where you are from. (psychologytoday.com)
  • I was certainly raised in the Christian belief, but I have a practice that believes in all saints and all gurus. (beliefnet.com)
  • The practice is fuelled by the mistaken belief that menstruating women and girls are "unclean. (hrw.org)
  • Like many cultures around the world, dog meat in Japan is viewed as a major taboo. (listverse.com)
  • Some women in certain cultures avoid "taboo foods" including certain fruits, vegetables, sea foods and spices while pregnant. (womens-health.co.uk)
  • The differences found in genetically determined physical traits supports my belief that homosexuality is more than a choice. (bartleby.com)
  • Homosexuality has been an ongoing controversial topic for decades and remains a taboo subject for many. (bartleby.com)
  • Collins writes that she hopes the book will "shed more light upon the dark taboo of suicide. (beliefnet.com)
  • She spoke with Beliefnet about her spiritual journey after Clark's suicide, her multifaith outlook, and her beliefs about heaven and reincarnation. (beliefnet.com)
  • Without the taboo they would be more likely to attempt suicide. (interfaith.org)
  • For that reason I support the perpetuation of a suicide taboo. (interfaith.org)
  • A taboo is a subject that is intentionally avoided or not dealt with because it is socially unacceptable or associated with strong feelings of shame and modesty in a given culture [Traumer, Jacobsen and Laursen, 2019 ]. (sissa.it)
  • The results of the survey, commissioned by Nuffield Health as part of Infertility Network UK's National Fertility Awareness Week on 2 to 8 November, showed that fertility was still a taboo subject for many men. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
  • Humanity is still struggling to change beliefs and mentalities on a subject that should no longer be taboo. (change.org)
  • The Aztecs' spiritual belief differed in that they would sacrifice Xolo puppies as an offering to the rain God or 'Tlaloc. (listverse.com)
  • Believing that he'd established this point, the e-mailer went on to say that since the pre-fetal unborn is not a person then the only justification for protecting it is the spiritual belief that the soul inhabits "the cell" at the moment of conception. (wnd.com)
  • The Rational Response Squad is a group of atheist activists who impact society by changing the way we view god belief. (rationalresponders.com)
  • He brought up another taboo: the millions of poor Americans who won't get health insurance beginning in January because their states refused to accept Obamacare. (cnn.com)
  • Our goal is to get the topic off the taboo list. (blogtalkradio.com)
  • First, remember that sex is a sensitive and even taboo topic for many. (healthline.com)
  • An example of a medical procedure in women's health where taboo topics could potentially arise is when women undergo hysterectomy. (sissa.it)
  • Bhatt's memoir of SEWA reflects her belief that women must be placed at the center of economic reforms. (oneworld.net)
  • The chief ingredients in this narrative of SEWA's work with poor, self-employed women in Gujarat are real-life stories of its members and leaders, its milestones, struggles, and hurdles en route. (oneworld.net)
  • Women are prohibited from visiting because of ancient taboos, that also prohibit the eating of four-legged animals and prevent anyone from leaving the island without priestly permission. (cnn.com)
  • Speculation about the tradition's origin ranges from a Shinto belief in the impurity of menstrual blood to a concern for the safety of women in dangerous waters. (cnn.com)
  • I think the time has come to shed our taboo that says, "Oh, let's just tiptoe by this, we don't have to study this. (nytimes.com)
  • Am I mistaken, I thought you didn't have concrete beliefs in afterlife. (interfaith.org)
  • Thus, with such belief, the Mayans would sacrifice the Xolo and bury them in the grave of their recently departed master for the beginning of their journey to eternal life. (listverse.com)
  • Keep your ears peeled for deep cuts on Fight Club, the Alt-Right, Les Baxter, William Irwin Thompson, Jurassic Park, and Burning Man…Read Phil's essay, "Taboo: Time and Belief in Exotica. (stitcher.com)
  • Suppose, however, that they had used an inoffensive but ambiguous word like LOVE or INTIMACY instead of the word SEX, which at that time was more taboo than it is now. (omicsonline.org)
  • In English, the word totem was introduced in 1791 by a British merchant and translator who gave it a false meaning in the belief that it designated the guardian spirit of an individual, who appeared in the form of an animal-an idea that the Ojibwa clans did indeed portray by their wearing of animal skins. (britannica.com)
  • This site is a haven for those who are pushing back against the norm, and a place for believers of gods to have their beliefs exposed as false should they want to try their hand at confronting us. (rationalresponders.com)
  • because i believe that this will definitely have no effect on the physical appearance on my baby.Taboo and superstitious on foods are merely false beliefs. (womens-health.co.uk)
  • [16] [17] Belief in the messiahship of Jesus, his power to save, and his divinity are the defining distinctions between Christianity and Judaism . (wikipedia.org)
  • But as for me, I think we are also entitled to our own beliefs right.If we believe in the power of God. (womens-health.co.uk)
  • To make matters worse, Health workers say there is a belief in many communities that Aids is a myth. (ft.com)
  • Excerpts from presentation by Julie Walsh Kroeker and Willa Aaron at noon on Thursday Jan. 15, 2004 to staff at Kaiser Moanalua: A Micro-orientation to Micronesian Attitudes and Beliefs about Health Care. (hawaii.edu)
  • The s-word, like the f-word, is usually taboo, both in the public and in publications. (omicsonline.org)
  • Foods that are permanent taboos or avoidances are always prohibited for a specific group. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Although there is a lack of scientific proof for some of these beliefs, you may still choose to abstain from eating these kinds of foods. (womens-health.co.uk)
  • But it is a gross revision of history, and frankly absurd, to argue that the framers meant to preclude the government from passing laws that had their roots in moral and spiritual beliefs. (wnd.com)
  • She discusses folk beliefs, early medical approaches, and some controversial modern experiments. (afb.org)
  • Totemism , system of belief in which humans are said to have kinship or a mystical relationship with a spirit-being, such as an animal or plant. (britannica.com)
  • Steeped in the traditions of the ancient Shinto belief system in Japan , Okinoshima has been revered by Japanese seafarers well more than a thousand years. (cnn.com)
  • There are Christian ministers who certainly have Christian beliefs [who] say evolution is good science and it's OK to have this….What do we do with them? (minnpost.com)
  • It is this system of beliefs, largely expressed in taboos, and their acknowledgement of the Maylupa, which ultimately defined their use of the environment. (livinginthephilippines.com)