Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
A group of islands in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, the three main islands being St. Croix, St. Thomas, and St. John. The capital is Charlotte Amalie. Before 1917 the U.S. Virgin Islands were held by the Danish and called the Danish West Indies but the name was changed when the United States acquired them by purchase.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Restraining belts fastened to the frame of automobiles, aircraft, or other vehicles, and strapped around the person occupying the seat in the car or plane, intended to prevent the person from being thrown forward or out of the vehicle in case of sudden deceleration.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is San Juan. It is a self-governing commonwealth in union with the United States. It was discovered by Columbus in 1493 but no colonization was attempted until 1508. It belonged to Spain until ceded to the United States in 1898. It became a commonwealth with autonomy in internal affairs in 1952. Columbus named the island San Juan for St. John's Day, the Monday he arrived, and the bay Puerto Rico, rich harbor. The island became Puerto Rico officially in 1932. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p987 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p436)
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
An instrument for reproducing sounds especially articulate speech at a distance. (Webster, 3rd ed)
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the sigmoid flexure.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Powdered or cut pieces of leaves of NICOTIANA TABACUM which are inhaled through the nose, chewed, or stored in cheek pouches. It includes any product of tobacco that is not smoked.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Sexual attraction or relationship between females.
Fractures which extend through the base of the SKULL, usually involving the PETROUS BONE. Battle's sign (characterized by skin discoloration due to extravasation of blood into the subcutaneous tissue behind the ear and over the mastoid process), CRANIAL NEUROPATHIES, TRAUMATIC; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; and CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OTORRHEA are relatively frequent sequelae of this condition. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p876)
An accumulation of ENDOLYMPH in the inner ear (LABYRINTH) leading to buildup of pressure and distortion of intralabyrinthine structures, such as COCHLEA and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS. It is characterized by SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS; TINNITUS; and sometimes VERTIGO.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Drinking an excessive amount of ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES in a short period of time.
Inuktitut-speakers generally associated with the northern polar region.
Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Radiographic examination of the breast.
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Collection of pooled secretions of the posterior vaginal fornix for cytologic examination.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
Chemical, spectroscopic, or microscopic detection of extremely small amounts of blood.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infections with STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Voluntary use of free time for activities outside the daily routine.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
The sexual attraction or relationship between members of both the same and the opposite SEX.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
An acute brain syndrome which results from the excessive ingestion of ETHANOL or ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A ceramidase subtype that is active at alkaline pH. It is found at high levels within the SMALL INTESTINE.
Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.
The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data with the purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance, followed by the dissemination and use of information for public health action. (From Am J Prev Med 2011;41(6):636)
Former members of the armed services.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.

The community-oriented primary care experience in the United kingdom. (1/527)

The UK National Health Service has long delivered public health programs through primary care. However, attempts to promote Sidney Kark's model of community-oriented primary care (COPC), based on general practice populations, have made only limited headway. Recent policy developments give COPC new resonance. Currently, primary care trusts are assuming responsibility for improving the health of the populations they serve, and personal medical service pilots are tailoring primary care to local needs under local contracts. COPC has yielded training packages and frameworks that can assist these new organizations in developing public health skills and understanding among a wide range of primary care professionals.  (+info)

A reexamination of smoking before, during, and after pregnancy. (2/527)

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the patterns and correlates of maternal smoking before, during, and after pregnancy. METHODS: We examined socioeconomic, demographic, and clinical risk factors associated with maternal smoking in a nationally representative cohort of women (n = 8285) who were surveyed 17 +/- 5 months and again 35 +/- 5 months after delivery. RESULTS: Smoking rates among women with a college degree decreased 30% from before pregnancy to 35 months postpartum but did not change among the least educated women. Risk factors clustered, and a gradient linked the number of risk factors (0, 2, 4) to the percentage smoking (6%, 31%, 58%, P <.0001). CONCLUSIONS: The period of pregnancy and early parenthood is associated with worsening education-related disparities in smoking as well as substantial clustering of risk factors. These observations could influence the targeting and design of maternal smoking interventions.  (+info)

Breast, cervical, and colorectal carcinoma screening in a demographically defined region of the southern U.S. (3/527)

BACKGROUND: The "Southern Black Belt," a term used for > 100 years to describe a subregion of the southern U.S., includes counties with high concentrations of African Americans and high levels of poverty and unemployment, and relatively high rates of preventable cancers. METHODS: The authors analyzed data from a state-based telephone survey of adults age >or= 18 years to compare the cancer screening patterns of African-American and white men and women in nonmetropolitan counties of this region, and to compare those rates with those of persons in other southern counties and elsewhere in the U.S. The primary study groups were comprised of 2165-5888 women and 1198 men in this region interviewed through the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. The respondents lived in predominantly rural counties in 11 southern states with sizeable African-American populations (>or= 24.5% of county residents). The main outcome measures were recent use of the Papanicolau (Pap) test, mammography, test for fecal occult blood in the stool (FOBT), and flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. RESULTS: Between 1998-2000, 66.3% (95% confidence interval [95% CI] +/- 2.7%) of 1817 African-American women in the region age >or= 40 years had received a mammogram within the past 2 years, compared with 69.3% (95% CI +/- 1.8%) of 3922 white women (P = 0.066). The proportion of African-American and white women who had received a Pap test within the past 3 years was similar (85.7% [95% CI +/- 1.9%] vs. 83.4% [95% CI +/- 1.5%]; P = 0.068]. In 1997 and 1999, 29.3% of African-American women in these counties reported ever receiving an FOBT, compared with 36.9% in non-Black Belt counties and 42.5% in the remainder of the U.S. Among white women, 37.7% in Black Belt counties, 44.0% in non-Black Belt counties, and 45.3% in the remainder of the U.S. ever received an FOBT. Overall, similar patterns were noted among both men and women with regard to ever-use of FOBT, flexible sigmoidoscopy, or colonoscopy. Screening rates appeared to vary less by race than by region. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the current study underscore the need for continued efforts to ensure that adults in the nonmetropolitan South receive educational messages, outreach, and provider recommendations concerning the importance of routine cancer screening.  (+info)

Youth risk behavior surveillance--United States, 1999. (4/527)

PROBLEM/CONDITION: Priority health-risk behaviors, which contribute to the leading causes of mortality and morbidity among youth and adults, often are established during youth, extend into adulthood, are interrelated, and are preventable. REPORTING PERIOD: February-May 1999. DESCRIPTION OF THE SYSTEM: The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six categories of priority health-risk behaviors among youth and young adults --behaviors that contribute to unintentional and intentional injuries; tobacco use; alcohol and other drug use; sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) (including human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] infection); unhealthy dietary behaviors; and physical inactivity. The YRBSS includes a national school-based survey conducted by CDC as well as state, territorial, and local school-based surveys conducted by education and health agencies. This report summarizes results from the national survey, 33 state surveys, and 16 local surveys conducted among high school students during February-May 1999. RESULTS AND INTERPRETATION: In the United States, approximately three fourths of all deaths among persons aged 10-24 years result from only four causes: motor-vehicle crashes, other unintentional injuries, homicide, and suicide. Results from the 1999 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey demonstrate that numerous high school students engage in behaviors that increase their likelihood of death from these four causes--16.4% had rarely or never worn a seat belt; during the 30 days preceding the survey, 33.1% had ridden with a driver who had been drinking alcohol; 17.3% had carried a weapon during the 30 days preceding the survey; 50.0% had drunk alcohol during the 30 days preceding the survey; 26.7% had used marijuana during the 30 days preceding the survey; and 7.8% had attempted suicide during the 12 months preceding the survey. Substantial morbidity and social problems among young persons also result from unintended pregnancies and STDs, including HIV infection. In 1999, nationwide, 49.9% of high school students had ever had sexual intercourse; 42.0% of sexually active students had not used a condom at last sexual intercourse; and 1.8% had ever injected an illegal drug. Two thirds of all deaths among persons aged > or = 25 years result from only two causes--cardiovascular disease and cancer. The majority of risk behaviors associated with these two causes of death are initiated during adolescence. In 1999, 34.8% of high school students had smoked cigarettes during the 30 days preceding the survey; 76.1% had not eaten > or = 5 servings/day of fruits and vegetables during the 7 days preceding the survey; 16.0% were at risk for becoming overweight; and 70.9% did not attend physical education class daily. ACTIONS TAKEN: These YRBSS data are already being used by health and education officials at national, state, and local levelsto analyze and improve policies and programs to reduce priority health-risk behaviors among youth. The YRBSS data also are being used to measure progress toward achieving 16 national health objectives for 2010 and 3 of the 10 leading health indicators.  (+info)

Smoking cessation and prevention: an urgent public health priority for American Indians in the Northern Plains. (5/527)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of cigarette smoking and smoking cessation among American Indians living on or near Montana's seven reservations to those of non-Indians living in the same geographic region. METHODS: Data for Montana Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) respondents (n = 1,722) were compared to data from a BRFSS survey of American Indians living on or near Montana's seven reservations in 1999 (n = 1,000). Respondents were asked about smoking and smoking cessation as well as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and selected risk factors. Quit ratios were calculated for both groups. RESULTS: American Indians were more likely to report current smoking (38%) than non-Indians (19%; p < 0.001). Thirty-seven percent of Indian respondents with CVD risk factors reported current smoking, compared with 17% of non- Indians with CVD risk factors. However, there was no significant difference in reported smoking rates between Indians (21%) and non-Indians (27%) with a history of CVD. Indian smokers were more likely to report quitting for one or more days in the past year (67%), compared with non-Indians (43%). Quit ratios were significantly lower among Indians (43%) than among non-Indians (65%). CONCLUSIONS: High smoking rates in Indians, particularly among those with other CVD risk factors, demonstrate an urgent need for culturally sensitive smoking cessation interventions among Northern Plains Indians and highlight the need for the Surgeon General's focus on smoking in minority populations.  (+info)

Preventive-care practices among persons with diabetes--United States, 1995 and 2001. (6/527)

Effective interventions are available to persons with diabetes that can prevent or delay the development of serious health complications such as lower limb amputation, blindness, kidney failure, and cardiovascular disease. However, the use of preventive-care practices is lower than recommended, and the national health objectives for 2010 aim to improve care for all persons with diabetes. To assess progress toward meeting these goals, CDC analyzed data on selected diabetes-related preventive-care practices, including influenza and pneumococcal vaccination coverage, from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) from 1995 and 2001. This report presents the findings of these analyses, which indicate that levels of preventive-care practices among persons with diabetes in the United States increased from 1995 to 2001. Further efforts are needed to improve care among persons with diabetes, reduce the burden of diabetes-related complications, and achieve the national health objectives, including continued surveillance of diabetes-related preventive-care practices and collaboration with community-based organizations, health-care providers, public health officials, and persons with diabetes.  (+info)

Risk behaviors of Filipino methamphetamine users in San Francisco: implications for prevention and treatment of drug use and HIV. (7/527)

OBJECTIVE: This study describes the demographics, HIV risk and drug use behaviors, and psychosocial status of Filipino American methamphetamine users in the San Francisco Bay area. METHODS: Individual interviews were conducted with 83 Filipino American methamphetamine users, recruited through snowball sampling methods. A structured survey questionnaire included measures of drug use behaviors, HIV-related sexual behaviors, psychosocial factors, and demographics. RESULTS: Filipino methamphetamine users tended to be male, to have low levels of perceived personal control in their lives, and to report low levels of shame about their drug use. Methamphetamine use was strongly associated with HIV-related risk behaviors. Frequent methamphetamine users tended to engage in drug use before or during sex and to use condoms infrequently. Commercial sex activity was associated with frequency of methamphetamine use. About one-third of the study participants had never been tested for HIV. CONCLUSION: HIV/STD and drug abuse prevention programs that target Filipino Americans are needed. These programs should be tailored to meet clients' needs on the basis of gender, employment status, acculturation, and psychosocial variables that affect drug use and sexual behaviors.  (+info)

Prevalence of self-reported arthritis or chronic joint symptoms among adults--United States, 2001. (8/527)

Arthritis and other rheumatic conditions comprise the leading cause of disability among adults in the United States, and the cost of this public health burden is expected to increase as the U.S. population ages. State-specific estimates of the prevalence of arthritis and chronic joint symptoms (CJS) are important for planning health services and programs to prevent arthritis-related disability and for tracking progress toward meeting state and national health objectives for 2010. In 2001, questions about arthritis and CJS were asked of adult respondents in every state through the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). This report summarizes the results of that survey, which indicate that the estimated U.S. prevalence of arthritis/CJS was 33.0% among adults. Increased intervention efforts, including early diagnosis and appropriate clinical and self-management (e.g., physical activity, education, and maintaining appropriate weight), are needed to reduce the impact of arthritis and CJS.  (+info)

The principal objective of the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System (NHBS) is to monitor risk behaviors and access to prevention services among three pop...
The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey is conducted annually by the Division of Behavioral Surveillance (DBS) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). After the 2011 BRFSS survey was conducted, this summary data quality report was created, in order to present detailed descriptions of the 2011 BRFSS survey call outcomes in one document. This document, therefore, presents call summary information for each of the states and territories that participated in the 2011 BRFSS. All BRFSS data (with the exception of pilot study data) are collected by phone, and for the first time, cell phone and landline phone samples were used to produce a single data set using data collected from the 2011 BRFSS. The variables and outcomes provided herein are applicable to a combined data set of responses from landline- and cell phone-respondents within each of the states. The inclusion of data from cell phone interviews in the public release data is a major step forward for the ...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released the 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data and prevalence tables. The data contains landline and cellphone only respondents from all 50 states, the District of Colombia, Guam, and Puerto Rico. The telephone-based BRFSS surveillance system is designed to collect data in health-related risk behaviors, use of preventive services, and chronic health conditions from the adult population (≥18 years) in the United States. It provides a basis for the development and evaluation of public health programs, including programs targeted to reduce health disparities.. ...
The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is a state conducted telephone survey. The BRFSS began in 1984 and gathers information on health risk behaviors, preventive health practices, and health care access primarily related to chronic disease and injury. As of 2011, the BRFSS has collected information through both landline and cellular telephone surveys. Data were collected in 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico; the U.S. Virgin Islands did not collect data in 2012. A list of data available by state and year is available on the BRFSS site.. ...
This website provides access to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) mapping tool. The BRFSS is a telephone survey conducted by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention which ...
Background: Obesity is a costly condition that can reduce quality of life and increases the risk for many serious chronic diseases and premature death. The U.S. Surgeon General issued the Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity in 2001, and in 2007, no state had met the Healthy People 2010 objective to reduce obesity prevalence among adults to 15%.. Methods: CDC used 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey data to update estimates of national and state-specific obesity prevalence. Obesity was calculated based on self-reported weight and height and defined as body mass index (weight [kg] / height [m]2) ≥30.. Results: Overall self-reported obesity prevalence in the United States was 26.7%. Non-Hispanic blacks (36.8%), Hispanics (30.7%), those who did not graduate from high school (32.9%), and persons aged 50--59 years (31.1%) and 60--69 years (30.9%) were disproportionally affected. By state, obesity prevalence ranged from 18.6% in Colorado to 34.4% in ...
KCPW News) More people are surviving cancer in Utah, but new data released by the Utah Department of Health show cancer survivors are experiencing more chronic diseases than those without cancer. Utah Cancer Control Program Epidemiologist Meghan Balough says the data comes from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey, which is part of a five-year plan to combat cancer in Utah.. By knowing that they have a higher burden of chronic diseases as well as quality of life issues, like they are more likely to be smokers, we can actually tailor our programs to assess their needs and do something about it, she explains.. The survey, done by the Utah Department of Health and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, tracked cancer survivor treatment and health insurance coverage, as well as their health behaviors and quality of life. Balough says the data collected found that more cancer survivors suffer from diseases like asthma and hypertension than those without cancer, and ...
Raising prices through taxation on tobacco and alcohol products is a common strategy to raise revenues and reduce consumption. However, taxation policies are product specific, focusing either on alcohol or tobacco products. Several studies document interactions between the price of cigarettes and general alcohol use and it is important to know whether increased cigarette prices are associated with varying alcohol drinking patterns among different population groups. To inform policymaking, this study investigates the association of state cigarette prices with smoking, and current, binge, and heavy drinking by age group. The 2001-2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys (n = 1,323,758) were pooled and analyzed using multiple regression equations to estimate changes in smoking and drinking pattern response to an increase in cigarette price, among adults aged 18 and older. For each outcome, a multiple linear probability model was estimated which incorporated terms interacting state cigarette
July 23, 2008 - Wisconsins new adult smoking prevalence rate of 19.6 percent marks the lowest in Wisconsins history. The new rate comes from the 2007 Wisconsin Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey. The telephone survey focused on state residents age 18 and older. The new adult prevalence rate of 19.6 percent is down from 24 percent in 2000. Currently, the national adult smoking rate is 20 percent. The survey also reports that more than 52 percent of those who smoke have tried to quit for one day or longer, and more than 83 percent report that the smoking policy at work does not allow smoking in any work areas. Wisconsin legislators are reminded that these advances are not permanent - only with their support and funding can anti-tobacco organizations continue to help smokers quit and discourage kids from starting in the first place. Reference: ...
Objective: To estimate quality-of-life (QoL), primary care, health insurance, prevention behaviors, absenteeism, and presenteeism in a statewide sample of the unemployed, self-employed, and organizationally employed. Methods: A statewide survey of 1602 Iowans included items from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention QoL and Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey prevention beha
Background Evidence suggests that folate deficiency may be causatively linked to depressive symptoms. However, little is known on the status of use of folic acid and vitamin supplements among people with mental disorders. This study examined the prevalence and the likelihood of use of folic acid or vitamin supplements among adults with depression and anxiety in comparison to those without these conditions. Methods Using data from 46, 119 participants (aged ≥ 18 years) in the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey, we estimated the adjusted prevalence and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals for taking folic acid and vitamin supplements among those with ever diagnosed depression (n = 8, 019), ever diagnosed anxiety (n = 5, 546) or elevated depressive symptoms (n = 3, 978, defined as having a depression severity score of ≥ 10 on the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 diagnostic algorithm). Results Overall, women were more likely than men to take folic acid supplements 1-4 ...
Multi-year estimates for the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for 2006-2012 have been released! Data has been updated for 17 indicators relating to health behaviors, clinical care, and health outcomes. For more data layers from this update, search the Map Room for the term BRFSS.. View in Map Room ...
Abstract: Many individuals who have disabilities or complex health conditions do not have adequate access to comprehensive oral health care. An examination of the literature indicates a variety of contributing factors. This study reports on cost of care as a barrier to oral health care. Data from the 2007 Florida Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were used (n=33,777). Respondents who reported activity limitation or the use of special equipment were considered to have a disability. Lack of access to dental care due to cost during the past year was assessed. More individuals with a disability reported not seeing a dentist due to cost versus people without disabilities (30% vs. 16%). After adjusting for confounding variables, Floridians with disabilities were 60% more likely to report cost as a barrier to dental care (OR=1.60, 95% CI 1.32-1.94). Cost of dental care is an access to oral health barrier for Floridians with disabilities. Improving access to dental care for this ...
Problem: Behavioral risk factors (e.g., tobacco use, poor diet, and physical inactivity) can lead to chronic diseases. In 2005, of the 10 leading causes of death in the United States, seven (heart disease, cancer, stroke, chronic lower respiratory diseases, diabetes, Alzheimers disease, and kidney disease) were attributable to chronic disease. Chronic diseases also adversely affect the quality of life of an estimated 90 million persons in the United States, resulting in illness, disability, extended pain and suffering, and major limitations in daily living. Reporting Period Covered: 2005. Description of the System: CDCs Steps Program funds 40 selected U.S. communities to address six leading causes of death and disability and rising health-care costs in the United States: obesity, diabetes, asthma, physical inactivity, poor nutrition, and tobacco use. In 2005, a total of 39 Steps communities conducted a survey to collect adult health outcome data. The survey instrument was a modified version of ...
Understanding the signs and symptoms of heart attacks and strokes are important not only in saving lives, but also in preserving quality of life. Findings from recent research have yielded that the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors are higher in rural populations, suggesting that adults living in rural locales may be at higher risk for heart attack and/or stroke. Knowledge of heart attack and stroke symptomology as well as calling 911 for a suspected heart attack or stroke are essential first steps in seeking care. This study sought to examine the knowledge of heart attack and stroke symptoms among rural adults in comparison to non-rural adults living in the U.S. Using multivariate techniques, a cross-sectional analysis of an amalgamated multi-year Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) database was performed. The dependent variable for this analysis was low heart attack and stroke knowledge score. The covariates for the analysis were: age, sex, race/ethnicity, annual
In the U.S. diabetes prevalence estimates for adults ≥ 65 years exceed 20%. Rural communities have higher proportions of older individuals and health disparities associated with rural residency place rural communities at risk for a higher burden from diabetes. This study examined the adequacy of care received by older rural adults for their diabetes to determine if older rural adults differed in the receipt of adequate diabetes care when compared to their non-rural counterparts. Cross-sectional data from the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey were examined using bivariate and multivariate analytical techniques. Logistic regression analysis revealed that older rural adults with diabetes were more likely to receive less than adequate care when compared to their non-rural counterparts (OR = 1.465, 95% CI: 1.454-1.475). Older rural adults receiving less than adequate care for their diabetes were more likely to be: male, non-Caucasian, less educated, unmarried, economically poorer, inactive, a
Weight: BRFSS Weighting Formula FINALWT = STRWT * 1 OVER NPH * NAD * POSTSTRAT. The computational formula above is intended to reflect all the possible factors that could be taken into account in weighting a states data. Where a factor does not apply its value is set to one. FINALWT is the final weight assigned to each respondent. STRWT accounts for differences in the basic probability of selection among strata (subsets of area code/prefix combinations). It is the inverse of the sampling fraction of each stratum. There is almost never a complete correspondence between strata, which are defined by subsets of area code/prefix combinations, and regions, which are defined by the boundaries of government entities. 1/NPH is the inverse of the number of residential telephone numbers in the respondents household. NAD is the number of adults in the respondents household. POSTSTRAT is the number of people in an age-by-gender or age-by-race-by-gender category in the population of a region or a state ...
Weight: BRFSS Weighting Formula FINALWT = STRWT * 1 OVER NPH * NAD * POSTSTRAT. The computational formula above is intended to reflect all the possible factors that could be taken into account in weighting a states data. Where a factor does not apply its value is set to one. FINALWT is the final weight assigned to each respondent. STRWT accounts for differences in the basic probability of selection among strata (subsets of area code/prefix combinations). It is the inverse of the sampling fraction of each stratum. There is almost never a complete correspondence between strata, which are defined by subsets of area code/prefix combinations, and regions, which are defined by the boundaries of government entities. 1/NPH is the inverse of the number of residential telephone numbers in the respondents household. NAD is the number of adults in the respondents household. POSTSTRAT is the number of people in an age-by-gender or age-by-race-by-gender category in the population of a region or a state ...
CDC Brief: The State of Vision, Aging, and Public Health in America. Vision impairment is a serious public health concern among older adults, affecting more than 2.9 million people in the United States. This issue brief summarizes the prevalence of vision loss and eye diseases reported by people aged 65 or older, and it provides information about access to eye care, health status, and comorbid conditions among older adults. Data were collected from 19 states that used the Vision Impairment and Access to Eye Care Module (Vision Module) of CDCs Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) during 2006-2008. You can access the issue brief at: http://www.cdc.gov/visionhealth/pdf/vision_brief.pdf.. CDC Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR): Reasons for Not Seeking Eye Care Among Adults Aged ≥40 Years with Moderate-to-Severe Visual Impairment --- 21 States, 2006--2009. The CDC analyzed data for 21 states from 2006-2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) surveys to learn ...
Background: Asthma is a serious chronic health condition, and social determinants may affect its prevalence. Methods: Data from the Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey (BRFSS), the Georgia Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), and the Georgia hospital and emergency department survey for patients with a diagnosis of asthma were used. All data were from the years 2011 through 2014. SAS and SUDAAN software were used to calculate weighted prevalence estimates and to perform univariate and multivariate analyses of the association between social determinants, other risk factors, and asthma outcomes. Results: The prevalence of asthma was highest among non-Hispanic blacks, women, and persons with less than a high school education, with an annual household income below $25,000, and in rural parts of the state (south and northwest Georgia). Those without insurance for more than three years had a higher prevalence of asthma than those who had insurance or had been uninsured less than 6 months. Although ...
While screening disparities were largest among persons without insurance and a usual source of care, more research is needed to understand the influence of Reactions to Race-based treatment as an additional barrier to CRC screening.
Given the rapid adoption of e-cigarettes despite unclear benefits and harms, understanding use patterns, together with those of combustible cigarettes, is important for efforts to safeguard public health. This nationally representative survey assessed demographic patterns of e-cigarette and combustible cigarette use. Use this paper to:
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Unsure how to cut up or use that fruit and vegetable you just bought?. Go to CookSmarts and watch videos that show you how to cut up and prepare most fruits and vegetables!. And remember 2 things…. 1.) Fill half your plate with fruits & veggies at every meal and be sure to include healthy snacks when you get the munchies. For a fun way to teach kids about healthy snacks-get the FREE MunchCode App!. 2.) 2.) All forms-fresh, frozen, canned, dried and 100% juice-count toward your daily intake.. Sources: FNV, Fruits & Veggies More Matters, SD Harvest of the Month, CookSmarts, and South Dakota Department of Health Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS). ...
Background: It is unclear whether geographic variation in processes of care and vascular morbidity exists among diabetics in the U.S. We sought to determine the extent of regional variations in processes of care and their association with vascular disease in a cohort of diabetic adults in the U.S.. Methods and Results: The 2007 Centers for Disease Control Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey was utilized to identify a cohort of diabetic patients. Participant residence was classified based on four U.S. regions: (1) Northeast, (2) Midwest, (3) South, and (4) West. Demographic data, clinical history, processes of care (regular medical checkup, foot exam, eye exam, diabetic education, aspirin use, and antihypertensive use) and vascular morbidity for diabetics of each region were compared. Presence of vascular morbidity was based upon patient report of myocardial infarction, stroke, retinopathy, nonhealing foot sores or bilateral foot amputations. Among the 42,072 diabetics, 43.9% were from the ...
2011 to present. BRFSS SMART MMSA Prevalence combined land line and cell phone data. The Selected Metropolitan Area Risk Trends (SMART) project uses the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to analyze the data of selected metropolitan statistical areas (MMSAs) with 500 or more respondents. BRFSS data can be used to identify emerging health problems, establish and track health objectives, and develop and evaluate public health policies and programs. BRFSS is a continuous, state-based surveillance system that collects information about modifiable risk factors for chronic diseases and other leading causes of death. Data will be updated annually as it becomes available. Detailed information on sampling methodology and quality assurance can be found on the BRFSS website (http://www.cdc.gov/brfss). Methodology: http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/factsheets/pdf/DBS_BRFSS_survey.pdf Glossary: ...
The Lancaster County Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) has been conducting surveys annually since 1989 for the purpose of collecting data on the prevalence of major health risk factors among adults residing in the Lancaster County. Information gathered in these surveys can be used to target health education and risk reduction activities throughout the state in order to lower rates of premature death and disability.
Relationships between sleep duration and selected chronic diseases among US adults ages 45 years or older were examined in 14 states, using data from the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, and whether those relationships were attenuated by FMD and/or obesity. Chronic diseases were defined through subjects affirmative responses to the question of whether they had ever been told by a doctor they had diabetes mellitus or CHD, which included a heart attack, angina pectoris, and/or stroke. Sleep duration was based on response to: On average, how many hours of sleep do you get in a 24-hour period? Sleep duration for these analyses was defined as short (≤6 hours), optimal (7-9 hours), and long (≥10 hours). FMD was defined if respondents indicated ≥14 days to the question ...about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health not good? Obesity was calculated based on ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Consumer assessment of healthcare providers and systems survey. T2 - Implications for the primary care physician. AU - Fowler, Lindsay. AU - Saucier, Ashley. AU - Coffin, Janis. PY - 2013/7/1. Y1 - 2013/7/1. N2 - Medical care is under constant reform. Physicians are encouraged to stay current and well informed to receive maximum reimbursement, while still providing high-quality medical care to our patients. The trend has been that insurers are following the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid standards in the new wave of quality reporting with a patient assessment of their experience, or the care received, in regulated surveys for inpatient as well as ambulatory settings. These surveys, Hospital-level and Clinician and Group-level Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems survey(s), would begin to dramatically affect physician reimbursement(s), potentially change the way we practice medicine to meet guidelines to be consistent with the Patient-Centered Medical Home ...
The 2011 BRFSS data reflects a change in weighting methodology (raking) and the addition of cell phone only respondents. Shifts in observed prevalence from 2010 to 2011 for BRFSS measures will likely reflect the new methods of measuring risk factors, rather than true trends in risk-factor prevalence. A break in trend lines after 2010 is used to reflect this change in methodolgy. Percentages are weighted to population characteristics. Data are not available if it did not meet BRFSS stability requirements. For more information on these requirements, as well as risk factors and calculated variables, see the Technical Documents and Survey Data for a specific year - http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/annual_data/annual_data.htm. Recommended citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Atlanta, Georgia: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, [appropriate year ...
Other population-based surveys (e.g., Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Youth Risk Behavior Survey, and the National Survey of Family Growth) were developed to assess risk factors for chronic diseases and other conditions, OUTSIDE Africa, and many of these simply projected onto African communities without regard for intrisic differences in social mores. The pressure to explain the AIDS scourge for instance led to the propagation of the view that Africans have loose sexual mores...yet on a closer examination...the rate of death from HIV infection in Africa is mathematically impossible. There is no way that the death rate can be accounted for merely by the virus. The lack of proper survey methods has resulted in a lot of mistrust between African leaders and the international scientific establishment ...
A statistical analysis of depression in the United States, its prevalence, sociodemographics, comorbidity with other chronic illnesses, and its costs. The data source for this project was the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Survey, a national, state-based cross-sectional telephone survey of over 500,000 American respondents, capturing and documenting health practices and behavioral factors such as tobacco use, HIV/AIDS knowledge and prevention, exercise, immunization, health status, healthy days - health-related quality of life, health care access, inadequate sleep, hypertension awareness, cholesterol awareness, chronic health conditions, alcohol consumption, fruits and vegetables consumption, arthritis burden, and seatbelt use. The aim of the analysis was to engage four questions: (1) is there a relationship between socioeconomic status and depression, (2) to what degree
In 2011, rates of adult obesity remained high, with state estimates ranging from 20.7% in Colorado to 34.9% in Mississippi, according to new data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Twelve 12 states reported a prevalence of 30% or more. The South had the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.5%), followed by the Midwest (29%), the Northeast (25.3%), and the West (24.3%).. In 2011, CDC made several changes to its Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) that affect estimates of state-level adult obesity prevalence. First, there was an overall change in the BRFSS methodology, including the incorporation of cell phone-only households and a new weighting process. These changes in methodology were made to ensure that the sample better represents the population in each state. Second, to generate more accurate estimates of obesity prevalence, small changes were made to the criteria used to determine which respondents are included in the data analysis.. Because of ...
In 2011, rates of adult obesity remained high, with state estimates ranging from 20.7% in Colorado to 34.9% in Mississippi, according to new data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Twelve 12 states reported a prevalence of 30% or more. The South had the highest prevalence of adult obesity (29.5%), followed by the Midwest (29%), the Northeast (25.3%), and the West (24.3%).. In 2011, CDC made several changes to its Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) that affect estimates of state-level adult obesity prevalence. First, there was an overall change in the BRFSS methodology, including the incorporation of cell phone-only households and a new weighting process. These changes in methodology were made to ensure that the sample better represents the population in each state. Second, to generate more accurate estimates of obesity prevalence, small changes were made to the criteria used to determine which respondents are included in the data analysis.. Because of ...
The North Dakota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) program director writes reports and gives presentations throughout the year. Some of these display prevalence data and others take an in-depth look at certain behavioral risk factors in North Dakota.. COUNTY REPORTS: Please select a county and click Search to view available county reports. Note that reports are not available for all North Dakota counties.. ...
The North Dakota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) program director writes reports and gives presentations throughout the year. Some of these display prevalence data and others take an in-depth look at certain behavioral risk factors in North Dakota.. COUNTY REPORTS: Please select a county and click Search to view available county reports. Note that reports are not available for all North Dakota counties.. ...
Data & statistics on Oklahoma Adult Obesity Prevalence by Race and Ethnicity: Oklahoma Adult Obesity Prevalence by Race/Ethnicity 2007 BRFSS, State-specific percentage* of adults categorized as obese,† by black/white race or Hispanic ethnicity - Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys, United States, 2006−2008 White, non-Hispanic, Prevalence of Obesity by Race/Ethnicity and State (percent of adult population)...
In addition to pain and discomfort, loss of productivity and work absenteeism, arthritis also increases an individuals risk of falling. Falls are a significant health concern, particularly for the aging population, where we see individuals dramatically and often irrevocably impacted by these injuries, said DAIL Commissioner Deborah Anderson. By taking advantage of one of the recommended physical activity programs - which are all easy to follow and encourage participants to go at their own pace - anyone suffering from arthritis can improve their condition, increase their strength and flexibility and lessen the likelihood of falls or physical injury.. According to data from the 2013 Kentucky Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey, arthritis is a common health problem in Kentucky where 32 percent of adults -- or approximately 1.1 million people--have been diagnosed with the condition. Kentucky ranks third highest in the nation for arthritis prevalence. Arthritis is not confined to ...
BRFSS is a nationally-representative repeated cross-sectional study of U.S. adults administered by state health departments. Data include a standardized core questionnaire, optional modules, and state-added questions. The cognitive decline module includes questions on cognitive functioning and allows researchers using the BRFSS data to examine socio-demographic and behavioral correlates of ADRD disparities. Since 2009, all U.S. States have administered the cognitive decline module at least once, and South Carolina has administered the module in both 2011 and 2015. Further information on the BRFSS, including questionnaires for all data years, can be found on the BRFSS website . ...
More Californians than ever are obese, according to a new report by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.. The study found that 24.8 percent of adults were obese in 2011-12, compared to 19.3 percent a decade earlier. Nearly 18 million California adults and adolescents are considered overweight or obese, and about 7.4 million of them can be classified as obese. Data for the research was drawn from California Health Interview Survey results starting in 2001. Adults with a body mass index of 25 or greater are considered overweight; those with a BMI of 30 or more are considered obese.. The authors also found that 16 percent of Californians ages 12 to 17 were overweight and 17 percent were obese - both figures were relatively unchanged from 2001. Nearly 1 million California adolescents were overweight or obese in 2011-12.. Nationally, 28 percent of adults are obese, according to Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data. Although the California average is slightly below that figure, the ...
This issue brief contains corrections.. The United States is home to at least 9 million people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender, or LGBT. Despite recent advances in social acceptance and legal protections, such as the 2015 U.S. Supreme Court ruling that gave same-sex couples in every state the right to marry, LGBT people and their families across the country continue to face discrimination in areas of everyday life such as employment, housing, and health care.. In order to make meaningful progress in improving the lives of LGBT Americans, policymakers, researchers, advocates, and service providers need more and better data related to the experiences and needs of the LGBT population. Sexual orientation and gender identity, or SOGI, data are a critical component of accurately assessing the current problems that LGBT people experience-such as mental health and substance use disparities and barriers in access to health insurance coverage and health care-and developing ...
Based on an analysis of new state-by-state data from the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, adult obesity rates by state from highest to lowest were:. Note: 1 = Highest rate of adult obesity, 51 = lowest rate of adult obesity.. 1. (tie) Mississippi and West Virginia (35.1%); 3. Arkansas (34.6%); 4. Tennessee (33.7%); 5. Kentucky (33.2%); 6. Louisiana (33.1%); 7. Oklahoma (32.5%); 8. Alabama (32.4%); 9. Indiana (31.8%); 10. South Carolina (31.7%); 11. Michigan (31.5%); 12. Iowa (31.3%); 13. Delaware (31.1%); 14. North Dakota (31%); 15. Texas (30.9%); 16. (tie) Missouri and Ohio (30.4%); 18. Georgia (30.3%); 19. (tie) Kansas and Pennsylvania (30%); 21. South Dakota (29.9%); 22. Wisconsin (29.8%); 23. (tie) Idaho and Nebraska (29.6%); 25. (tie) Illinois and North Carolina (29.4%); 27. Maine (28.9%); 28. Alaska (28.4%); 29. Maryland (28.3%); 30. Wyoming (27.8%); 31. Rhode Island (27.3%); 32. (tie) Virginia and Washington (27.2%); 34. Arizona ...
Based on an analysis of new state-by-state data from the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, adult obesity rates by state from highest to lowest were:. Note: 1 = Highest rate of adult obesity, 51 = lowest rate of adult obesity.. 1. (tie) Mississippi and West Virginia (35.1%); 3. Arkansas (34.6%); 4. Tennessee (33.7%); 5. Kentucky (33.2%); 6. Louisiana (33.1%); 7. Oklahoma (32.5%); 8. Alabama (32.4%); 9. Indiana (31.8%); 10. South Carolina (31.7%); 11. Michigan (31.5%); 12. Iowa (31.3%); 13. Delaware (31.1%); 14. North Dakota (31%); 15. Texas (30.9%); 16. (tie) Missouri and Ohio (30.4%); 18. Georgia (30.3%); 19. (tie) Kansas and Pennsylvania (30%); 21. South Dakota (29.9%); 22. Wisconsin (29.8%); 23. (tie) Idaho and Nebraska (29.6%); 25. (tie) Illinois and North Carolina (29.4%); 27. Maine (28.9%); 28. Alaska (28.4%); 29. Maryland (28.3%); 30. Wyoming (27.8%); 31. Rhode Island (27.3%); 32. (tie) Virginia and Washington (27.2%); 34. Arizona ...
Abstract Objective. This study assessed the usefulness of the Healthy Weight Disparity Index (HWDI) to evaluate income disparities related to obesity. We compared state based body mass index (BMI) rankings with HWDI rankings. Methods. National data from the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were used to estimate mean BMI levels in each of the 50 states (plus Washington, D.C.) by income level. Income-related disparities were described with the HWDI. Kappa statistics analyzed the concordance between the two rankings. Results. State-based BMI and the HWDI rankings were not concordant. For example, Washington, D.C. was ninth for lowest mean BMI yet ranked 49th on the HWDI. West Virginia ranked 42nd and 5th, and Mississippi ranked 51st on both the BMI and HWDI, respectively. Discussion. State-based BMI and HWDI rankings present divergent perspectives on the obesity crisis. We recommend adding HWDI rankings to BMI rankings to reflect fully patterns of obesity and subgroup ...
Obesity and diabetes are major health problems in the United States. The primary aim of this study is to examine the association between obesity and diabetes and to estimate the cost of diabetes linked to obesity in the Appalachian region. A system of simultaneous equations approach, and a logit estimation are employed for the analyses. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) surveys for 2001 and 2009 are the main sources of data. Both county-level and individual-level data are used for the analyses. The simultaneous approach at county-level based on the changes of income, employment, obesity, and diabetes reveals that obesity increases diabetes, but diabetes does not have an effect on obesity. The counties with high initial levels of obesity had less obesity growth but more diabetes growth. Increasing income impacts negatively on diabetes growth. Logit analysis indicates that obesity significantly increases the risk of diabetes of adults in Appalachia. Besides, being employed, higher income
Led by Shivani Patel, PhD, researcher in the Hubert Department of Global Health at Rollins School of Public Health, the team studied data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) national surveys from 2009 to 2010. The goal was to determine the extent to which national cardiovascular mortality could be expected to decrease if all states were successful at reducing those risk factor levels to specified target levels.. Cardiovascular disease remains a leading cause of death nationally. The top five leading preventable risk factors for heart disease are elevated cholesterol, diabetes, hypertension, obesity and smoking. The fraction of cardiovascular deaths that could have been prevented in 2009 to 2010 were reported under two scenarios: complete elimination of risk factors, and a more realistic goal of reduction of risk factors to the best achieved levels in U.S. states in 2009-2010.. Findings suggest that about half of deaths could be prevented if the modifiable risk factors ...
Provides access to data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) about average daily frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption through 2009. User can view prevalence and trends by selecting the state, year, and Fruits and Vegetables category from drop-down menus. ...
The obesity rate in the United States has risen significantly in the past few decades. While a number of economic causes for the rise in obesity have been explored, little attention has been on the role of health insurance per se. This paper examines obesity in the context of a model where health insurance status can influence body weight. We attempt to isolate the effects of ex ante moral hazard, where people with health insurance may change their behaviors towards weight control. We use data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System from 1993 to 2002 to determine the potential effect of having health insurance on measures of body weight. In our analyses, we control for a variety of confounding factors that may influence body weight and address the endogenous nature of health insurance. Our results show evidence that having insurance is associated with higher body mass (particularly for those above the poverty threshold) and an increased probability of being overweight. However, we ...
Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless gas that can be detected by a CO detector in the home. Acute CO poisoning in pregnancy has been associated with increased maternal (18-24%) and fetal (36-67%) mortality [1]. Accidental household exposure to CO is the most frequent cause of poisoning in pregnancy [1]. From 2012-2013, 53.7% of women in South Carolina (SC) reported their pregnancy was unintended (29.0% mistimed; 8.4% unwanted; 16.3% unsure) [2]. Due to the high fetal mortality rate associated with CO exposure and high incidence of unintended pregnancy in SC, we investigated associations between CO detector presence in the residence and demographic characteristics of reproductive aged (18-44 years old) women in SC using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS).. ...
The maps and table below display the percentage of adults who have not received dental cleanings for more than one year and for more than two years in each county. The 2007 through 2009 data were retrieved from the Illinois State Department of Public Health. The data come from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a survey designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and conducted by individual states.. ...
Abstract Introduction: In 2011, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for the first time ever collected nationally representative prevalence data on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), spirometry diagnosis, and healthcare utilization factors related to COPD. This research reports on that data and describes characteristics of adults with COPD who reported diagnosis by spirometry compared to those who did not report diagnosis by spirometry. Variables examined included basic elements of healthcare utilization such as emergency room visits, hospitalization or personal physician utilization. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using novel data from the 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System COPD Module. Weighted multivariable logistic regression examined factors associated with (n = 13,484) and without spirometry (n = 3,131). Results: Spirometry to diagnose COPD was reported by 78% of adults and increased with age. In multivariable modeling, spirometry was more likely ...
During the 2000s, The Fraction of the Population That is Overweight or Obese Has Greatly Increased Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, CDC (*BMI 30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5 4 person)
California Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance (BRFSS) Update. This webinar introduces the CSUS Public Health Survey Research Program, its staff, mission, and services. In addition, it provides an overview of the BRFSS, a summary of the types of data that have been collected over its nearly 30-year history, and how California has used the data collected by the BRFSS. Participants will learn how they can access BRFSS data as well as how to they can include questions on future surveys. (June 2015) ...
The Berrien County Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (BRFS) is a telephone survey conducted every three years of Berrien County residents ages 18 years and older.
Behavioral risk factor profiles by ethnicity help emphasize priorities of health promotion programs for a community. Latino needs include maintenance of limited consumption of alcohol and cigarettes, promotion of regular physical activity, and increasing use of low-cost cervical and breast cancer sc …
National risk factors surveys present very important tool for gathering population based health related information for policy. Croatian Adult Health Survey (CAHS) is such a tool, intended to collect population-based, representative and...
MB_Category: The Mesh Block Category (MB_Category) attribute is a field based on planning/zoning scheme data provided by each state/territory. The ABS consolidated the files for each state/territory then mapped the land uses to a highly generalised set of land uses. The ABS acknowledges that this planning data represents a planned land use and there will be many cases where actual land use is quite different to the planned land use. The Mesh Block category shown in the Mesh Blocks boundary dataset is not designed to provide a definitive land use mapping, it is purely an indicator of the main planned land use for a Mesh Block ...
2011-2017. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. BRFSS Survey Data. The BRFSS is a continuous, state-based surveillance system that collects information about modifiable risk factors for chronic diseases and other leading causes of death. The data for the STATE System were extracted from the annual BRFSS surveys from participating states. Tobacco topics included are cigarette and e-cigarette use prevalence by demographics, cigarette and e-cigarette use frequency, and quit attempts. NOTE: these data are not to be compared with BRFSS data collected 2010 and prior, as the methodologies were changed. Please refer to the FAQs / Methodology sections for more details ...
2011-2018. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. BRFSS Survey Data. The BRFSS is a continuous, state-based surveillance system that collects information about modifiable risk factors for chronic diseases and other leading causes of death. The data for the STATE System were extracted from the annual BRFSS surveys from participating states. Tobacco topics included are cigarette and e-cigarette use prevalence by demographics, cigarette and e-cigarette use frequency, and quit attempts. NOTE: these data are not to be compared with BRFSS data collected 2010 and prior, as the methodologies were changed. Please refer to the FAQs / Methodology sections for more details ...
2011-2018. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. BRFSS Survey Data. The BRFSS is a continuous, state-based surveillance system that collects information about modifiable risk factors for chronic diseases and other leading causes of death. The data for the STATE System were extracted from the annual BRFSS surveys from participating states. Tobacco topics included are cigarette and e-cigarette use prevalence by demographics, cigarette and e-cigarette use frequency, and quit attempts. NOTE: these data are not to be compared with BRFSS data collected 2010 and prior, as the methodologies were changed. Please refer to the FAQs / Methodology sections for more details ...
are NOT comparable to 2010 and earlier years. ***The estimate was suppressed because it did not meet statistical reliability standards. See BRFSS 2016 Annual Results Technical Notes for more details. 1Disability Status will be replaced by Functional Disability in 2017. Please see the BRFSS 2016 Annual Results Technical Notes for details. 2Based on the North Carolina Rural Center s classification. Please see the BRFSS 2016 Annual Results Technical Notes for details. 3Based on 2016 U.S Census Bureau poverty threshold incomes. Please see the BRFSS 2016 Annual Results Technical Notes for details. 4NC Dept. of Commerce County Tier Classification, based on respondent s county of residence ...
The Maine Health Management Coalition is seeking participation of primary care practices in Phase II of its Office System Survey. The initiative is now called Pathways to Excellence, (it was formerly called, Informing Patients, Rewarding Providers). The goal of the project is to recognize and reward systemic, best practice, chronic disease care management in primary care. The Coalition is an organization of 32 employers that includes large businesses, public employers, hospitals, health plans and physician groups. Collectively, these employers provide health benefits to over 250,000 people in Maine.. Early in April, each primary care practice should receive a letter from the Coalition, soliciting participation. Each practice will be asked to complete an online survey for each practice location in the organization. The survey consists of eight sections and is expected to take approximately 30 minutes to complete. Surveys must be completed and submitted electronically by June 1, 2004 in order ...
A Special Feature on 150 of the nations largest hospital and healthcare systems. Source: Modern Healthcares 37th annual Hospital Systems Survey. Published June 24, 2013, p. 26.
(2003) Mandell. American Journal of Pathology. Until recently, the investigation of protein phosphorylation was limited to biochemical studies of enzyme activities in homogenized tissues. The availability of hundreds of phosphorylation state-specific antibodies (PSSAs) now makes possible the stud...
A study of more than 150,000 adults in the U.S. found that wanting to lose weight was as important in predicting the amount of days people were ill as their weight itself. People who wanted to weigh less were more likely to be mentally or physically unhealthy than people of the same weight who were content with their body image. After controlling for actual BMI and age the researchers found that men who wished to lose 1, 10 and 20% of their body weight respectively reported 0.1, 0.9 and 2.7 more unhealthy days per month than those who were happy with their weight. Among women the corresponding increase in numbers of reported unhealthy days was 0.1, 1.6 and 4.3. People who were happy with their weight experienced fewer physically unhealthy days and fewer mentally unhealthy days than those unhappy with their weight ...
As of July 5th 2020, more than 1 Million Americans have been confirmed as recovered according to data compiled from each of the 56 US State & Territory Health Departments (USSTHD). This is undoubtedly good news and provides a source of hope for our beleaguered society.. While every recovery is to be celebrated, we also respect the physical demands recovery has placed upon many Americans and honor that the process of recovery is not without its own unique challenges or potential for long-term adverse health impacts. What we share in our collective work is a data-focused perspective and is never meant to marginalize the experiences of anyone adversely impacted by an infection.. The purpose of this statistical research paper is to provide the reader with a fresh and unique perspective regarding the SARS-CoV-2 virus, commonly referred to as the COVID-19 infection. One of the great concerns we have as authors and professionals is the skewed methodology of data reporting, leading to ambiguity in what ...
"Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System". CDC.gov. Retrieved 2015-07-28. "National Institute on Aging, Laboratory of ... the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, and the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study are used to ... The second and third criteria are seen as ensuring protection from unjust discrimination based on a perception of risk, just ... Siordia C, Ramos AK (2015). "Risk for Disability and Poverty Among Central Asians in the United States". Central Asian Journal ...
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), the world's largest, ongoing telephone health-survey system. Mortality ... "Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System". CDC: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. ... "Guns are a Risk Factor for Homicide in the Home" reported "mere presence of a gun in a home increased the risk of a firearm- ... "Module 2: WHO and CDC Global Surveillance Systems". Unite for Sight. "CDC's Role in Global HIV Control". Centers for Disease ...
"About the Senior Report". CDC Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). National Vital Statistics System. America's ... Data from CDC Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Binge drinking: Percentage of adults who had four or more ( ... Data from the Youth Behavioral Risk Surveillance System. Youth Obesity: Percentage of high school students who were greater or ... Data from the Youth Behavioral Risk Surveillance System. Chronic Disease Heart Disease: Percentage of adults told by a health ...
"Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Data Collection in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System". Center for American ... By that time, new medical research had revealed lesbians were at higher risk of breast and cervical cancer than their straight ... and had higher rates and risk of homelessness and tobacco usage. Additionally, it addressed the large data gap surrounding the ...
Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System corroborate these ... WHO and ISPCAN state that understanding the complex interplay of various risk factors is vital for dealing with the problem of ... Sexual victimization at a young age has been correlated with several risk factors for contracting HIV including decreased ... According to their findings, there was a series of correlations between the potential risk factors of parental employment ...
The CDC runs the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), an annual survey conducted by individual state health ... Findings From the 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System" (PDF). Cite journal requires ,journal= (help) "ACEs 360 - ... Risk Factors for Substance Misuse and Mental Health Dr. Robert Anda, co-principal investigator, explains some of the study's ... a trauma-informed approach may better help to address some of these criminogenic risk factors and can create a less ...
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, United States, 2017-2019". MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 70. doi: ... Heslin, Kevin C. (2021). "Sexual Orientation Disparities in Risk Factors for Adverse COVID-19-Related Outcomes, by Race/ ... Reasons for the increased risk include higher rates of cancer, HIV, and smoking, as well as health care discrimination. LGBTQ ... Vella, Lauren (2021-02-04). "CDC: LGBT community at greater risk to experience severe COVID-19 symptoms". The Hill. Retrieved ...
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 1987". Department of Health and Human Services. March 10, 1989. Retrieved June 23, ... "Biography for Nancy Davis". Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007. Cannon, Lou (2003), pp. 75-76. " ...
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 1987". Department of Health and Human Services. March 10, 1989. Retrieved June 23, ...
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys, United States, 2006-2008". Finkelstein EA, Ruhm CJ, Kosa KM (2005). " ... Obesity is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and NGOs such as the Indian Heart Association have been raising ... was the country's leading risk factor driving the most death and disability combined. China is currently facing challenges of ... as Asian populations are particularly susceptible to the health risks of excess adipose tissue the Japanese have redefined ...
The University of Puerto Rico Comprehensive Cancer Center and the Puerto Rico Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System ... Journal of General Internal Medicine, 23(3), 223-228 Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey National Health Interview ... The Center for Disease Control and Prevention's Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey and National Health Interview ... The sampling consisted of a two-stage stratified sample of addresses used by Marketing Systems Group (MSG). In the All Adult ...
According to the Center for Disease Control, the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey found that 30.1% of American ... In addition to dietary sugar being associated with CKD risk factors, data from animal studies do suggest that sugar consumption ... Obesity prevalence is due to genetic, metabolic, cultural, environmental, socioeconomic, and behavioral factors. Along with the ... did not significantly increase the risk for Type II Diabetes throughout the course of this study and these increases in risk ...
"The incidence of varicella and herpes zoster in Massachusetts as measured by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System ( ... However, this risk is less than the risk due to a natural infection resulting in chickenpox. Most of the cases reported have ... However, the risk of getting shingles from vaccine-strain VZV after chickenpox vaccination is much lower than getting shingles ... In a study performed on children with an impaired immune system, 30% had lost the antibody after five years, and 8% had already ...
Health Association secures the inclusion of questions about COPD on the CDC's Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, the ...
"The incidence of varicella and herpes zoster in Massachusetts as measured by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System ( ... Another important risk factor is immunosuppression. Other risk factors include psychological stress. According to a study in ... It is unclear whether the risk is different by sex. Other potential risk factors include mechanical trauma and exposure to ... Risk factors for reactivation include old age, poor immune function, and having had chickenpox before 18 months of age. How the ...
... survey participants aged 18 to 64 years in the Massachusetts Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (MA-BRFSS; N = 28 662) ... Factors that are associated with gender dysphoria persisting through puberty include intensity of gender dysphoria, amount of ... Steensma, T. D., McGuire, J. K., Kreukels, B. P. C., Beekman, A. J., & Cohen-Kettenis, P. T. (2013). Factors associated with ... Evidence from studies of twins suggests that genetic factors play a role in the development of gender dysphoria and gender ...
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Computer-assisted personal interviewing Enterprise Feedback Management Quantitative ... Factor analysis is used in the scale development process. Questionnaires used to collect quantitative data usually comprise ... "A Prospective Study of Dietary Acrylamide Intake and the Risk of Endometrial, Ovarian, and Breast Cancer". Cancer Epidemiology ...
A 2014 study in Florida, supported by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Survey administration and Florida ... Comprehensive sex education is also called abstinence-based, abstinence-plus, abstinence-plus-risk-reduction, and sexual risk ... When information about risk, prevention, and responsible behavior is presented, it promotes healthy decision-making in youth. A ... In the LHHS's version of the bill, these programs are to be replaced with $20 million provided to "Sexual Risk Avoidance," or ...
... behavioral risk factor surveillance system MeSH G03.850.520.308.250.300 - dental health surveys MeSH G03.850.520.308.250.300. ... risk assessment MeSH G03.850.520.830.600.800.725 - risk factors MeSH G03.850.520.830.600.900 - uncertainty MeSH G03.850.520.830 ... precipitating factors MeSH G03.850.490.625.750 - risk factors MeSH G03.850.490.687 - comorbidity MeSH G03.850.490.718 - ... population surveillance MeSH G03.850.520.308.250.700.650 - sentinel surveillance MeSH G03.850.520.308.335 - health care surveys ...
... behavioral risk factor surveillance system MeSH N05.715.360.300.375.300 - dental health surveys MeSH N05.715.360.300.375.300. ... risk assessment MeSH N05.715.360.750.625.700.690.800 - risk adjustment MeSH N05.715.360.750.625.700.700 - risk factors MeSH ... precipitating factors MeSH N05.715.350.200.700 - risk factors MeSH N05.715.350.225 - comorbidity MeSH N05.715.350.240 - ... epidemiologic factors MeSH N05.715.350.075 - age factors MeSH N05.715.350.075.100 - age of onset MeSH N05.715.350.075.550 - ...
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System ("burf-us", a CDC health survey covering the U.S. and its territories) BRI - (i) ... Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor BDO - (i) Battle Dress Overgarment BDOS - (a) Basic Disk Operating System; part of CP/M BDS ( ... Behavior Analysis Training System Bradley Advanced Training System BATTeRS - (a) Bisei Asteroid Tracking Telescope for Rapid ... fratricide avoidance system) - (i) Battlefield Combat Identification System BCLL - (a) Bibliography of Celtic Latin Literature ...
... behavioral risk factor surveillance system MeSH E05.318.308.250.300 - dental health surveys MeSH E05.318.308.250.300.300 - ... risk assessment MeSH E05.318.740.600.800.725 - risk factors MeSH E05.318.740.600.900 - uncertainty MeSH E05.318.740.750 - ... population surveillance MeSH E05.318.308.250.700.650 - sentinel surveillance MeSH E05.318.308.335 - health care surveys MeSH ... two-hybrid system techniques MeSH E05.393.560.150 - comet assay MeSH E05.393.560.598 - micronucleus tests MeSH E05.393.600.300 ...
... and asking them some Spanish-translated versions of the United States 2005 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. The ... The air-quality monitor system (IMECA) is the tool used by the Mexican Authorities to measure air quality. A total of 8 system ... IMECA is the index used to display the level of pollution and the level of risk that represents to the human health in the ... The quality of air is considered satisfactory and the air pollution poses minimal or no health risks. Fair - when the index is ...
The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is a United States health survey that looks at behavioral risk factors. ... Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System CDC Website. ...
An analysis of Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey data found a 2.8% annual increase in viral suppression ... Risk adjustment involves transferring funds from plans with lower-risk enrollees to plans with higher-risk enrollees. It was ... Of the three risk management programs, only risk adjustment was permanent. Plans with low actuarial risk compensate plans with ... "The Effect of Eliminating the Individual Mandate Penalty and the Role of Behavioral Factors , Commonwealth Fund". www. ...
"The incidence of varicella and herpes zoster in Massachusetts as measured by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System ( ... Another important risk factor is immunosuppression.[72][73][74] Other risk factors include psychological stress.[18][75][76] ... It is unclear whether the risk is different by gender. Other potential risk factors include mechanical trauma and exposure to ... Thomas SL, Hall AJ (2004). "What does epidemiology tell us about risk factors for herpes zoster?". Lancet Infect. Dis. 4 (1): ...
Furthermore, the data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) showed that Black students commit suicide at ... clinician and therapeutic factors, the school system, religion/spirituality, and social networks. When examining the prevalence ... "If I took my child to a professional for help with emotional or behavioral problems, I think people in my community would find ... "Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance - United States, 2017". MMWR. Surveillance Summaries. 67 (8): 1-114. doi:10.15585/mmwr. ...
Potential risk factors[edit]. Temperature and heat exposure[edit]. The temperature and heat levels of the body are directly ... Effects of surveillance towed array sensor system (SURTASS) low frequency active sonar on fish. The Journal of the Acoustical ... "Behavioral and Brain Functions. 9 (24). doi:10.1186/1744-9081-9-24. PMC 3685526.. ... Common groups at risk of becoming victim to this phenomenon include avid listeners of music and others who listen or work with ...
This is done in consideration of "demographic, environmental, behavioral, socioeconomic, genetic, and infections risk factors ... With the more mainstream use of geographic information systems, the capabilities of spatial interpolation and mapping have been ... Clustering, disease clusters, and surveillance. Disease clusters, or spatial groupings of proximity and characteristically ... Mainly used for explanatory purposes, disease maps can be presented to survey high-risk areas and to help policy and resource ...
... it provides little detail on circumstances and risk factors specific to MVCs. A national surveillance system based on police ... has focused on identifying and mitigating road risk for operators of large trucks and buses through behavioral, engineering, ... crash avoidance systems such as collision warning systems and stability control, biomechanics, and risk factors such as ... Other U.S. studies have used injury and fatality to describe crash risk factors in worker groups perceived to be at high risk. ...
Results from the 2007 Integrated Bio-Behavioral Surveillance Study (IBBS) among IDUs in Kathmandu, Pokhara, and East and West ... "A case control study on risk factors associated with malnutrition in Dolpa district of Nepal". Retrieved 2016-09-11. Policy - ... Nepal is one of the countries recognized for the well‐functioning immunization system with coverage of 97% population equally, ... Measles case based surveillance is in process to meet the target of elimanation of Measles by 2019. One percent of children in ...
Pregnancy interruption as a risk factor in tumor incidence". Am. J. Pathol. 100 (2): 497-512. PMC 1903536. PMID 6773421. ... Each person has a system of moral values. Based on their system of morals, people have different opinions about it. Religion ... "Abortion Surveillance --- United States, 2001." MMWR. 53(SS09) (2004).. *^ Warren M. Hern, Abortion Practice 23‐24 (1984), ... "Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer) 29 (3): 217-219. ISSN (Print) 1432-0762 (Online) 0340-5443 ( ...
Research has identified health-behavioral and biological factors that are related to increased risk for CVD. These risk factors ... and organizational risk factors for WRMSD: Population-based estimates from the Connecticut Upper-extremity Surveillance Project ... DeQuattro, V., & Hamad, R. (1985). The role of stress and the sympathetic nervous system in hypertension and ischemic heart ... Research has found that psychosocial workplace factors are among the risk factors for a number of categories of mental disorder ...
Lund Elizabeth M. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Obesity in Adult Dogs from Private US Veterinary Practices (PDF). Intern J ... Obesity and workers' compensation: Results from the Duke Health and Safety Surveillance System. Arch. Intern. Med. (Research ... Behavioral counseling in primary care to promote a healthy diet: recommendations and rationale. Am Fam Physician (Review). 2003 ... Bei-Fan Z. Predictive values of body mass index and waist circumference for risk factors of certain related diseases in Chinese ...
Factors that add to risk of heart disease include obesity and smoking, both of which are more prevalent in lesbians. Studies ... HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report: Cases of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2006. Centers for ... Committee on Lesbian Health Research Priorities; Neuroscience and Behavioral Health Program; Health Sciences Policy Program, ... is not recognized by the South African legal system as a hate crime despite the fact that the South African Constitution states ...
Water in food systems[edit]. Main article: Water. A major component of food is water, which can encompass anywhere from 50% in ... Wiley at the United States Department of Agriculture during the late 19th century would play a key factor in the creation of ... Health behavioral. sciences. *Diffusion of innovations. *Health belief model. *Health communication. *Health psychology ... Relative risk. *Statistical hypothesis testing *Analysis of variance (ANOVA). *Regression analysis. *ROC curve ...
This system worked so well that head lice and the eye infection trachoma, diseases once rampant in schools, became almost non- ... as a motivating factor for support in her work on improving the health of children.[citation needed] ... Health behavioral. sciences. *Diffusion of innovations. *Health belief model. *Health communication. *Health psychology ... Relative risk. *Statistical hypothesis testing *Analysis of variance (ANOVA). *Regression analysis. *ROC curve ...
Aral, Sevgi (2013). The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention: Personal, Public and Health Systems Approaches. Springer. p. ... WHO case definitions of HIV for surveillance and revised clinical staging and immunological classification of HIV-related ... A carga viral dunha persoa infectada é un importante factor de risco na transmisión por vía sexual e de nai a fillo.[44] ... Boily MC, Baggaley RF, Wang L, Masse B, White RG, Hayes RJ, Alary M (2009). "Heterosexual risk of HIV-1 infection per sexual ...
Any distribution of products must minimize any risk to their quality.. *A system must be in place for recalling any batch from ... in Brazil by the National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA);[20] in India by state Food and Drugs Administrations (FDA), ... Health behavioral. sciences. *Diffusion of innovations. *Health belief model. *Health communication. *Health psychology ... "Quality System (QS) Regulation/Medical Device Good Manufacturing Practices". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 2 February 2018 ...
Dentali F; Squizzato A; Ageno W (julij 2009). "The metabolic syndrome as a risk factor for venous and arterial thrombosis". ... Results from the Duke Health and Safety Surveillance System". Arch. Intern. Med. Vol. 167 no. 8. str. 766-73. doi:10.1001/ ... U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (junij 2003). "Behavioral counseling in primary care to promote a healthy diet: ... Beydoun MA; Beydoun HA; Wang Y (maj 2008). "Obesity and central obesity as risk factors for incident dementia and its subtypes ...
See also: Social determinants of health and Risk factor. Generally, the context in which an individual lives is of great ... Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. 498. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-42070-7. ISBN 978-3-319-42069-1. .. ... Environmental health, community health, behavioral health, and occupational health are also important areas of public health. ... injuries and other health conditions through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behavior, communities, and (in ...
... cerebral palsy or a more severe Gross Motor Function Classification System assessment in particular are considered risk factors ... 2009). Developmental-behavioral pediatrics (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders/Elsevier. p. 264. ISBN 9781416033707.. ... hip surveillance, home programmes, occupational therapy after botulinum toxin, pressure care) and surgery. Surgical ... Risk factors. Preterm birth, being a twin, certain infections during pregnancy, difficult delivery[1]. ...
The system, however, is not perfect and will continue to require improvement. Frequently cited factors of concern involve ... "Risk Management and Healthcare Policy. 4: 47-55. doi:10.2147/RMHP.S12985. PMC 3270933. PMID 22312227.. ... The disciplines involved include information science, computer science, social science, behavioral science, management science ... JMIR Public Health & Surveillance. *Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA ...
Fadem, Barbara (2008). High-Yield Behavioral Science. High-Yield Series. Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0- ... This approach is sometimes used in observational studies to reduce or eliminate the effects of confounding factors. ... Health system. *Infant mortality. *Open-source healthcare software. *Public health informatics. *Social determinants of health ... Relative risk. *Statistical hypothesis testing *Analysis of variance (ANOVA). *Regression analysis. *ROC curve ...
Interventions and usage of ethical surveillance systems targeted at high-risk groups. ... "Means Matter - Risk". Hsph.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2012-01-15.. *^ "Firearm Access is a Risk Factor for Suicide - Means Matter ... when the person shows intent through verbal and behavioral signs.[70] ... Because protective factors[1] such as social support and social engagement-as well as environmental risk-factors such as access ...
... rather than individual risk factors (such as behavioral risk factors or genetics) that influence the risk for a disease, or ... Economic Policy Research Institute (2004). The Social and Economic Impact of South Africa's Social Security System (PDF). ... and these behavioral risk factors account for a relatively small proportion of variation in the incidence and death from ... cultural/behavioral and materialist/structuralist[17] The cultural/behavioral explanation is that individuals' behavioral ...
Human factors in diving safety. *Life support system. *Safety-critical system. Diving hazards. *Trait anxiety ... To improve lung function, doctors frequently place infants at risk of hypoxia inside incubators (also known as humidicribs) ... In severe hypoxia, or hypoxia of very rapid onset, ataxia, confusion / disorientation / hallucinations / behavioral change, ... Workplace health surveillance. *Safety culture *Code of practice. *Health and safety representative ...
Concomitant use of other central nervous system depressants increases this risk. The smallest possible effective dose should be ... Yudofsky SC, Hales RE (1 December 2007). The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral ... Bergman U, Dahl-Puustinen ML (1989). "Use of prescription forgeries in a drug abuse surveillance network". European Journal of ... Severe hepatic deficiencies (hepatitis and liver cirrhosis decrease elimination by a factor of two) ...
Peter Orszag has suggested that behavioral economics is an important factor for improving the healthcare system, but that ... adverse selection can destroy the risk pool. Features of insurance market risk pools, such as group purchases, preferential ... In this model, the optimal health stock can be impacted by factors like age, wages and education. As an example, δ. {\ ... These factors are used to determine the optimal level of health that an individual will demand. The model makes predictions ...
... and behavioral factors and not merely pollution.[31] Common environmental factors that contribute to cancer death include ... comparative risk assessment of nine behavioural and environmental risk factors". Lancet. 366 (9499): 1784-93. doi:10.1016/S0140 ... and age-related changes in the endocrine system.[176] Aging's effect on cancer is complicated by factors such as DNA damage and ... Carriers of these mutations may then undergo enhanced surveillance, chemoprevention, or preventative surgery to reduce their ...
Risk factors. Neurofibromatosis, exposure to vinyl chloride, Epstein-Barr virus, ionizing radiation[1][2][3]. ... "Coping With Personality & Behavioral Changes". www.brainsciencefoundation.org. Archived from the original on 30 July 2016. ... "SEER Stat Fact Sheets: Brain and Other Nervous System Cance". NCI. Archived from the original on 6 July 2014. Retrieved 18 June ... "State of the Art Treatment and Surveillance Imaging of Glioblastomas". Seminars in Roentgenology. 53 (1): 23-36. doi:10.1053/j ...
"Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 30 January 2006.. Technical reports[edit]. *Bristol Bay sockeye salmon ... "Surveillance Report British Columbia Commercial Sockeye Salmon Fisheries. November 2011".. *^ "Record number of sockeye salmon ... Other ecological factors like stranding effect select for smaller body size in sockeye salmon when present in a habitat. ... Larger males are favored, unless the risk of predation is very high. Sockeye salmon that die prematurely from predation are ...
Unprotected anal sex is a risk factor for formation of antisperm antibodies (ASA) in the recipient. In some people, ASA may ... As a constructed behavioral category. The term MSM had been in use in public health discussions, especially in the context of ... "Factsheet - Health Protection Surveillance Centre". Ndsc.ie. Archived from the original on December 17, 2010. Retrieved May 17, ... Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus ( ...
Prevalence and Risk Factors for Obesity in Adult Dogs from Private US Veterinary Practices" (PDF). Intern J Appl Res Vet Med. 4 ... Obesity and workers' compensation: Results from the Duke Health and Safety Surveillance System". Arch. Intern. Med. 167 (8): ... Behavioral counseling in primary care to promote a healthy diet: recommendations and rationale". Am Fam Physician. 67 (12): ... The metabolic syndrome as a risk factor for venous and arterial thrombosis". Semin. Thromb. Hemost. 35 (5): 451-7. doi:10.1055/ ...
... and therefore reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. The link between increased fiber consumption and a decreased risk of ... In 1912, Casimir Funk coined the term vitamin, a vital factor in the diet, from the words "vital" and "amine," because these ... Calcium, a common electrolyte, but also needed structurally (for muscle and digestive system health, bone strength, some forms ... Health behavioral. sciences. *Diffusion of innovations. *Health belief model. *Health communication. *Health psychology ...
Definition, epidemiology, and risk factors". BMJ. 332 (7550): 1142-4. doi:10.1136/bmj.332.7550.1142. PMC 1459603. PMID 16690673 ... Another study considered a possible role of nicotine in reducing Parkinson's risk: nicotine stimulates the dopaminergic system ... Social and behavioral[edit]. Medical researchers have found that smoking is a predictor of divorce.[108] Smokers have a 53% ... Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Team". The New England Journal of Medicine. 342 (10): 681-9. doi:10.1056/NEJM200003093421002 ...
Hutchinson, W. (March 2007). "The systemic roots of suicide bombing". Systems Research and Behavioral Science. 24 (2): 191-200 ... Lankford, Adam (2010). "Do Suicide Terrorists Exhibit Clinically Suicidal Risk Factors? A Review of Initial Evidence and Call ... to almost unlimited surveillance of virtually any person in the United States by the government without normal congressional ... with classic suicidal risk factors, such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, other mental health problems, drug ...
When Hypocrisy Leads to Behavioral Change". Social Behavior and Personality. 32 (8): 741-746. doi:10.2224/sbp.2004.32.8.741.. ... Risk-minimizing beliefs ("The medical evidence that smoking is harmful is exaggerated."; "One has to die of something, so why ... Once the choice has been made to keep one of the dissonant factors, the other is forgotten quickly in order to restore peace of ... Harmon-Jones, E (2003). "Anger and the Behavioural Approach System". Personality and Individual Differences. 35 (5): 995-1005. ...
A 2015 review found that moderate to severe traumatic brain injury is a risk factor for ALS, but whether mild traumatic brain ... Surveillance Summaries. 65 (8): 1-12. doi:10.15585/mmwr.ss6508a1. PMC 4431120 . PMID 27490513.. ... Cognitive or behavioral dysfunction is present in 30-50% of individuals with ALS.[27] Around half of people with ALS will ... Sontheimer, Harald (2015). Diseases of the Nervous System. Academic Press. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-12-800403-6. Archived from the ...
BRFSS has a long history in behavioral and chronic disease surveillance. Fifteen states participated in the first BRFSS, ... The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is the nations premier system of health-related telephone surveys that ... Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. ... it the largest continuously conducted health survey system in ... collect state data about U.S. residents regarding their health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and use of ...
MMWR Surveillance by Year. Each year the BRFSS publishes prevalence estimates in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report ( ... Selected Metropolitan/Micropolitan Area Risk Trends (SMART) is an ongoing project that uses BRFSS data to produce some local ... Find city and county data collected through the Selected Metropolitan/Micropolitan Area Risk Trends (SMART) project, the Web ... Chronic conditions and health risk behaviors may be selected for inclusion in customized tables. ...
This website provides access to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) mapping tool. The BRFSS is a telephone ... This website provides access to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) mapping tool. The BRFSS is a telephone ... Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/. Division of Adult and Community Health Centers for ... Maps created on the BRFSS website illustrate health risks at national, state, and local levels. Categories that may be mapped ...
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. 2867 Words , 12 Pages I. Background The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System ... Risk Factors And Risk Of Suicide. 2578 Words , 11 Pages * Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System And Child Health. 1840 ... Factors That Affect Family Risk Factors. 1579 Words , 7 Pages * The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. 1567 Words , 7 ... More about Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. * Installing A Office Surveillance System. 1714 Words , 7 Pages ...
The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is a state-based system of health surveys that collects information on ... The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is a state-based system of health surveys that collects information on ... Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), 2003 (ICPSR 34085) Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of ... Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), 2003. ICPSR34085-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for ...
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Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. The BRFSS collects information on U.S. residents regarding health-related behaviors ... examine socio-demographic and behavioral correlates of ADRD disparities. Since 2009, all U.S. States have administered the ...
The North Dakota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) program director writes reports and gives presentations ... Some of these display prevalence data and others take an in-depth look at certain behavioral risk factors in North Dakota. ... Behavioral Risks Reported by ND American Indian Adults 1996-2002. *ND BRFSS Risk Factors by Year 2001-2006 ... Adult Alcohol Risk Factors and Regional Analysis 1997-2003. *County Level Estimates for Health Risk Factors 2000-2006 ...
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The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is a collaborative project of the Centers for Disease Control and ... The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is a collaborative project of the Centers for Disease Control and ... is an on-going data collection program designed to measure behavioral risk factors in the adult population 18 years of age or ... The BRFSS was initiated in 1984, with 15 states collecting surveillance data on risk behaviors through monthly telephone ...
Category: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Johns Journey Continues: Preparation. September 22, 2015. September 22, ... Holly Hosford-Dunn Audiology / Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System / BRFSS / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ... Holly Hosford-Dunn Audiology / Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System / BRFSS / Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ... HomeCenters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Category Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System ...
Prevalence of arthritis: analysis of data from the US Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 1996-99.. Mili F1, Helmick CG ... We used data from a cross sectional random digit telephone survey (the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System) of ... Because appropriate management can minimize the influence of arthritis, health care providers should ask patients in high risk ...
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is an annual telephone survey that collects data on emerging public health ... WA DOH - Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) CDC NIOSH Industry & Occupation Coding: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/ ... Washington State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) - Worker Health Module. Washington State Behavioral Risk ... risk factors and behaviors. The Dept. of Health operates BRFSS in Washington. Through successful collaboration with Washington ...
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Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System -Brfss. 2003 northeast nc ii region* nc brfss survey results. behavioral risk factor ... surveillance systems and data source descriptions. behavioral risk factor surveillance system (brfss). a state-based system of ... Manitoba Risk Factor Surveillance - Building on Success -. growing up: expanding from youth to adult risk factor surveillance ... Risk Factor Approach -. risk factor approach . risk factors are taken from empirical research conducted for theory testing take ...
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2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System: Implications for public health research and practice related to Healthy People ... 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System: Implications for public health research and practice related to Healthy People ... physical well-being in three US states using new measures piloted on the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey System ... and those with behavioral risk factors. Methods: Ten validated questions designed to assess mental (e. g., satisfaction with ...
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  • The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is the nation's premier system of health-related telephone surveys that collect state data about U.S. residents regarding their health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services. (cdc.gov)
  • BRFSS completes more than 400,000 adult interviews each year, making it the largest continuously conducted health survey system in the world. (cdc.gov)
  • This website provides access to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) mapping tool. (carleton.edu)
  • The BRFSS is a telephone survey conducted by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention which tracks health risks in the United States. (carleton.edu)
  • Maps created on the BRFSS website illustrate health risks at national, state, and local levels. (carleton.edu)
  • Among the respondents in Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) conducted by CDC, 28.1% were obese. (bartleby.com)
  • The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is a state-based system of health surveys that collects information on health risk behaviors, preventive health practices, and health care access primarily related to chronic disease and injury. (umich.edu)
  • The BRFSS questionnaire was developed jointly by CDC's Behavioral Surveillance Branch (BSB) and the states. (umich.edu)
  • BRFS ABSTRACT The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is an on-going random-digit-dialed telephone survey used to determine the prevalence among adults 18 and older of behaviors and practices--such as cigarette smoking, seat belt use, blood cholesterol screening, high blood pressure control, physical activity, weight control, alcohol use, and drinking and driving-- which are related to the leading causes of death in the US. (cdc.gov)
  • Beginning in 1984, the surveys have been conducted in a seven-to-ten day period every month throughout the year, and have come to be known collectively as the Behavior- al Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). (cdc.gov)
  • The cognitive decline module includes questions on cognitive functioning and allows researchers using the BRFSS data to examine socio-demographic and behavioral correlates of ADRD disparities. (sc.edu)
  • The North Dakota Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) program director writes reports and gives presentations throughout the year. (ndhealth.gov)
  • Links to questionnaires and results from the BRFSS, a telephone survey that tracks health risks in the United States. (usda.gov)
  • The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is a collaborative project of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and U.S. states and territories. (socio.com)
  • The BRFSS, administered and supported by the Behavioral Surveillance Branch (BSB) of the CDC, is an on-going data collection program designed to measure behavioral risk factors in the adult population 18 years of age or over living in households. (socio.com)
  • The BRFSS was initiated in 1984, with 15 states collecting surveillance data on risk behaviors through monthly telephone interviews. (socio.com)
  • The objective of the BRFSS is to collect uniform, state-specific data on preventive health practices and risk behaviors that are linked to chronic diseases, injuries, and preventable infectious diseases in the adult population. (socio.com)
  • Factors assessed by the BRFSS include tobacco use, general health status, health care coverage, HIV/AIDS, and physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption. (socio.com)
  • The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is a United States health survey that looks at behavioral risk factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is an annual telephone survey that collects data on emerging public health issues, health conditions, risk factors and behaviors. (wa.gov)
  • Fortunately, some surveys are beginning to take steps to gather these data, including the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, or BRFSS-the largest continuously conducted health survey system in the world. (americanprogress.org)
  • BRFSS, which the CDC coordinates at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, or HHS, is an extensive nationwide system of telephone surveys conducted by all states, the District of Columbia, and most U.S. territories. (americanprogress.org)
  • BRFSS annually surveys more than 400,000 American adults about health-related risk behaviors, health conditions, and preventive services and is the premier source of health data that inform a wide range of funding decisions and activities conducted by both public and private actors at the federal, state, and local levels. (americanprogress.org)
  • Many state health departments, for instance, use BRFSS data for purposes such as public education, epidemiology and disease surveillance, policy development, program evaluation, and the compilation of reports on residents' health. (americanprogress.org)
  • The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is an ongoing state-based telephone survey of noninstitutionalized adults aged ≥18 years in the United States that collects state-level data on health-related risk behaviors, chronic conditions, and preventive health services. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • This surveillance summary includes PRAMS data from 29 reporting areas (n = 40,388 respondents) and BRFSS data from 51 reporting areas (n = 62,875 respondents) for nonpregnant women of reproductive age (aged 18-44 years). (unboundmedicine.com)
  • This surveillance summary includes data for 39 of 41 indicators: 2009 data for 23 preconception health indicators that were monitored by PRAMS and 16 preconception health indicators that were monitored by BRFSS (one BRFSS indicator uses 2008 data). (unboundmedicine.com)
  • INTRODUCTION: Response rates for the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) have declined in recent years. (rti.org)
  • To assess the impact of this decline on the quality of BRFSS estimates, we compared selected health and risk factor estimates from BRFSS with similar estimates from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). (rti.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to estimate mental, social, and physical well-being in three US states using new measures piloted on the 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey System (BRFSS). (rti.org)
  • Using 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data (our sample size = 405,233 persons), we constructed and fitted a series of multilevel logistic regression models and applied them to the U.S. Census population to generate county-level prevalence estimates. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released the 2 016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data and prevalence tables . (citymatch.org)
  • The telephone-based BRFSS surveillance system is designed to collect data in health-related risk behaviors, use of preventive services, and chronic health conditions from the adult population (≥18 years) in the United States. (citymatch.org)
  • the behavioral risk factor surveillance system (brfss) aggregates behavioral health data from 400,000 adults via telephone every year. (r-bloggers.com)
  • in addition to providing the most comprehensive behavioral health data set in the united states, brfss also eeks out my worst acronym in the federal government award - onchit a close second. (r-bloggers.com)
  • The Iowa Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is an ongoing telephone survey. (iowa.gov)
  • Secondary data analysis of the Reactions to Race Module on the 2002 and 2004 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) was performed. (nih.gov)
  • During calendar year 2009, a series of questions was added to the Colorado Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to determine residents' awareness and response to the presence of radon gas in household air. (radonleaders.org)
  • The survey instrument was a modified version of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey, a community-based, random-digit--dialing telephone survey with a multistage cluster design. (ebscohost.com)
  • Each manuscript in this collection incorporates data from The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). (cdc.gov)
  • Starting in 1998, as uptake of varicella vaccine was increasing (due in part to immunization requirements for daycare and school entry), the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), enhanced varicella and herpes zoster surveillance by including questions in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) about the occurrence of these diseases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 75k Percentage NORTH CAROLINA INJURY AND VIOLENCE PREVENTION www.injuryfreenc.ncdhhs.gov 7/11 The North Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (N.C. BRFSS) provides a critical source of public health data for understanding the scope of injury-related problems and measuring progress toward overall statewide goals. (ncdcr.gov)
  • The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is a state conducted telephone survey. (healthdata.org)
  • The BRFSS began in 1984 and gathers information on health risk behaviors, preventive health practices, and health care access primarily related to chronic disease and injury. (healthdata.org)
  • The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is the world's largest, on-going telephone health survey system, tracking health conditions and risk behaviors in the United States yearly since 1984. (unt.edu)
  • The Center for Disease Control's (CDC's) Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is a system of health-related telephone surveys that collect state data about US residents regarding their health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and use of preventative services. (medicaringcommunities.org)
  • Visit cdc.gov/brfss for more information the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. (pinkandblack.org)
  • The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is the largest continuously conducted health survey system in the world, conducting telephone interviews with more than 400,000 U.S. adults each year. (cdc.gov)
  • We also prepare annual BRFSS reports, newsletters, and fact sheets on health risks, prevention efforts, and chronic disease in Indiana. (in.gov)
  • To determine risk factors for chronic and communicable diseases and injuries, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment utilizes the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to conduct a representative state-wide telephone survey of Kansas residents, aged 18 and older. (uwf.edu)
  • The Alaska Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) assesses the prevalence of diseases and risk factors in adults (individuals of 18 years of age and older) statewide through an on-going telephone survey. (alaska.gov)
  • The Alaska BRFSS is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's BRFSS to track health conditions and risk behaviors in the United States, District of Columbia, and territories. (alaska.gov)
  • A discussion of changes in BRFSS survey methods and the need to adapt to the increasing use of cell phones can be found in the publication Changes to the Alaska Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Methodology: Rationale and Application in Alaska [2013] . (alaska.gov)
  • The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is the nation's premier system of health-related telephone surveys that collect state-level data from non-institutionalized U.S. adult residents regarding their health-related risk behaviors, chronic health conditions, and use of preventive services. (la.gov)
  • Louisiana has been part of the BRFSS system since 1989 and has collected an average of 7,812 surveys per year over the last five years. (la.gov)
  • The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) is a state-based surveillance system, administered by the Georgia Deparment of Public Health, in collaboration with the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). (georgia.gov)
  • The 1993 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey of Hawaii residents documented the rates of diagnosed diabetes to be the highest among the Japanese (93/1000) and the Korean (77/1000) populations (Wood, et. (aloha.net)
  • Initiated in 1986 with the assistance of the CDC, the BRFSS was designed to collect heath risk behavior information from adult residents and monitor the prevalence of the behaviors over time. (aloha.net)
  • There is also data available on behavioral factors such as smoking, exercise, and healthy eating available under the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) header. (maricopa.gov)
  • The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) report shows the prevalence of health behaviors, medical conditions and preventive health care practices among adults by age, gender, race/ethnicity, education, household income and region. (maricopa.gov)
  • Data on the non-institutionalized, general population are from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). (usrds.org)
  • 2 BRFSS Survey of Potter and Randall County: Introduction and Methods The data presented in this report were gathered from telephone interviews with residents of Potter and Randall County using a questionnaire and survey methods modeled closely on the Texas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). (slideplayer.com)
  • Based on an ongoing statewide telephone survey, the Wyoming BRFSS (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System offers wide ranging data and information about health in Wyoming. (wyo.gov)
  • We investigate the spatial correlations of obesity prevalence in the USA during a specific year using microdata defined at the county-level provided by the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) 14 through the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) from 2004 to 2008 (see Methods section). (nature.com)
  • The Mississippi BRFSS is a random sample telephone survey of the adult (18 years of age and older) civilian non-institutionalized population in the state using a system of random digit dialing. (ms.gov)
  • Design: Cross-sectional analysis of data from the 2006 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). (elsevier.com)
  • The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of adding a health literacy measurement tool to the Kansas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). (clinmedjournals.org)
  • To date, no statewide health literacy assessment has been conducted using the Kansas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • The BRFSS is a randomly sampled national telephone survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) which collects self-reported information about health-related risk behaviors, preventive service use, and chronic health conditions for adults aged 18 years and older. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), maintained by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Bureau of Health Statistics, Research and Evaluation. (mass.gov)
  • Current screening estimates are based on 2016 survey data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). (medscape.com)
  • The present study examined the trends and associated factors of HIV testing among adults in Georgia between 2011 and 2015 by analyzing data of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). (mdpi.com)
  • We used self-reported data from the 2011-2017 Massachusetts Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to examine COPD and employment among adults aged 40 to 70. (medscape.com)
  • The State of US Health, 1990-2016: Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Among US States. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Risk Indicators: Risk factors, such as, conditions, personal characteristics, and traumatic life events greatly affect the risk of suicidal ideation, planning of a suicide, or the act of committing suicide. (bartleby.com)
  • Core state preconception health indicators - pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system and behavioral risk factor surveillance system, 2009. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The current versions of the health profile maps may contain up to 366 health variables with the number of available indicators dependent upon the geographic system depicted and the number of respondents within each area for the time period. (alaska.gov)
  • Setting: 70 counties within 12 states participating in the Coronavirus Disease 2019-Associated Hospitalization Surveillance Network (COVID-NET) and a population-based sample of non-hospitalized adults residing in the COVID-NET catchment area from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. (cdc.gov)
  • state health departments perform the actual data collection (according to a nationally-standardized protocol and a core set of questions), then forward all responses to the centers for disease control and prevention (cdc) office of surveillance, epidemiology, and laboratory services (osels) where the nationwide, annual data set gets constructed. (r-bloggers.com)
  • Clearly, consistent and long-term surveillance for herpes zoster will be necessary in order to fully assess the impact of varicella vaccination on the epidemiology of zoster. (biomedcentral.com)
  • N.C. Division of Public Health / Injury and Violence Prevention Branch / Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit / 919-707-5425 / www.ncpublichealth.com State of North Carolina / Department of Health and Human Services / www.ncdhhs.gov N.C. DHHS is an equal opportunity employer and provider. (ncdcr.gov)
  • DOH provides surveillance and epidemiology, the Public Health Lab, and response readiness activities that include communicating, planning, exercising, and evaluating public health threats. (dc.gov)
  • The 2011 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System respondents (N = 446,216) reported up to 2 aerobic activities they spent the most time doing during the past month. (humankinetics.com)
  • On-going surveillance surveys were conducted in 15 states in 1984, 22 states in 1985, 26 states in 1986, 34 states in 1987, 37 states in 1988, 40 states in 1989, and 45 states in 1990. (cdc.gov)
  • National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (U.S.). Behavioral Surveillance Branch. (exlibrisgroup.com)
  • Five questions on asthma, proposed by the Environmental Health Investigations Branch (EHIB), will be included in the 2011 California Behavioral Risk Factor Survey. (phi.org)
  • The Survey Research Group will collect data on several questions proposed by the California Environmental Health Investigation Branch on the 2013 California Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (BRFS). (phi.org)
  • Description of the System: CDC's Steps Program funds 40 selected U.S. communities to address six leading causes of death and disability and rising health-care costs in the United States: obesity, diabetes, asthma, physical inactivity, poor nutrition, and tobacco use. (ebscohost.com)
  • Trends in diabetes rates among Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders and Japanese ethnic groups and trends in diabetes rates among individuals at risk for obesity were of particular interest. (aloha.net)
  • Traditionally, NIDDM has been believed to be an adult disease entity with known risk factors of obesity, sedentary lifestyle, and positive family history. (aappublications.org)
  • Here, we implement a spatial spreading analysis to investigate whether obesity shows spatial correlations, revealing the effect of collective and global factors acting above individual choices. (nature.com)
  • This suggests that the spread and growth of obesity and other NCDs may be governed by collective behavior acting over and above individual factors such as genetics and personal choices 4 , 5 . (nature.com)
  • Obesity, a common and costly health issue that increases risk for heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer, affects more than one-third of adults and 17 percent of youth in the United States. (ncsl.org)
  • Survey Research Group is completing a statistical analysis with Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data with respect to adverse childhood experiences. (phi.org)
  • By 1980, telephone surveys had emerged as both a reliable and affordable alternative method for determining the preva- lence of behavioral risk factors in the population. (cdc.gov)
  • These surveys were supported, in part, through funds provided in the Health Education and Risk Reduction Grants, with the CDC providing training, coordination and standard methods. (cdc.gov)
  • This surveillance update includes data collected in 2010 on 11,945 surveys. (ncdcr.gov)
  • The surveys adhere to the highest scientific standards and yield data that policymakers and public health professionals rely on to identify major health risks, design interventions, set performance goals, and measure progress toward those goals. (slideplayer.com)
  • With more than 20 years of survey research experience, Dr. Induni has served as state coordinator of many surveys, including the California Behavioral Risk Factor Survey, the California Women's Health Survey, and the Youth Risk Behavior Survey. (phi.org)
  • The Youth Risk Behavior Survey project collects and analyzes data on risk behaviors of adolescents in the general population, in order to prevent current and emerging chronic diseases and injuries. (phi.org)
  • In 1998-2003, as varicella vaccine uptake increased, incidence of varicella and herpes zoster in Massachusetts was monitored using the random-digit-dial Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Behavioral risk factor surveillance system: Health risk behaviors of Kansans 1998. (uwf.edu)
  • Highlights from the Kansas 1998 Behavioral Risk Factor Survey are presented below. (uwf.edu)
  • The authors of the 1998 study on ACEs proposed a conceptual framework focused on behavioral mechanisms underlying this association [ 1 ]. (ncmedicaljournal.com)
  • Purpose Of The Database And Study Design: The YRBS is an epidemiologic surveillance system that was established by the CDC to monitor the prevalence of youth behaviors that most influence health. (hhs.gov)
  • The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) used the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and Child Health Survey in order to determine information in regards to those residents that are 18 and older. (bartleby.com)
  • We used data from a cross sectional random digit telephone survey (the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System) of noninstitutionalized adults aged 18 years or older conducted from 1996 through 1999. (nih.gov)
  • The survey instrument collected information on health risk behaviors and preventive health practices among noninstitutionalized adults aged >18 years. (ebscohost.com)
  • A comparison of national estimates from the National Health Interview Survey and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The prevalence for each risk factor is available as both a percentage of the Alaskan adult population at the time of the survey (termed "crude" rate as there are no adjustments) and according to a standardized age-adjusted rate which removes the impact of the age composition of a region or time period when making comparisons. (alaska.gov)
  • The primary purpose of the survey is to provide population-based estimates for chronic disease and the associated risk factors for Louisiana residents. (la.gov)
  • As part of the State and Local Area Integrated Telephone Survey (SLAITS), NCHS is conducting a two-phase effort to evaluate HIV-related behavior questions developed by the Behavioral Surveillance Working Group. (hhs.gov)
  • Modern telephone survey methods have several advantages that make them a useful tool for health policy makers, including a substantial degree of quality control made possible by computer assisted telephone interviewing systems, their relatively low cost, and a high speed of data collection. (slideplayer.com)
  • Survey Research Group is currently evaluating the effects of the Produce for Pantries program on fruit and vegetable intake and assessing policy, systems, and environmental change strategies to implement at emergency food distribution sites. (phi.org)
  • Through successful collaboration with Washington Dept. of Health, SHARP collects industry and occupation information and uses this information on topics that are important to Washington workers, such as work-related injury and reporting, prevalence of chronic diseases, and health risk factors. (wa.gov)
  • Problem: Behavioral risk factors (e.g., tobacco use, poor diet, and physical inactivity) can lead to chronic diseases. (ebscohost.com)
  • Participants ( n = 380) aged 30-75y recruited from a 2015 convenience sample in primary care clinics in the San Juan, Puerto Rico metropolitan area answered cross-sectional interviewer-administered questionnaires on sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, self-reported medically-diagnosed diseases, health services, and psychosocial factors. (springer.com)
  • Logistic regression models assessed factors associated with having ≥2 cardiometabolic conditions or ≥ 2 chronic diseases. (springer.com)
  • Adults living in Puerto Rico have multiple lifestyles risk factors and high prevalence of chronic diseases, namely cardiometabolic and psychological conditions. (springer.com)
  • The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has issued recommendations for clinicians to ask all adults about smoking, with the aim of providing smokers with behavioral and pharmacologic treatments for smoking cessation ( 2 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • E-cigarette users who are never combustible cigarette smokers (sole users) constitute a unique group of young adults that may be at increased risk of bronchial hyperreactivity and development of asthma. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Baseline estimates were provided for states overall, and within states for demographic subgroups, those with chronic health conditions or disabilities, and those with behavioral risk factors. (rti.org)
  • For patients with CKD, acute kidney injury (AKI) and related comorbidities, data from three healthcare systems were used: the standard Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Medicare 5% sample, the Optum Clinformatics™ Data Mart Database of people with commercial health insurance and Medicare Advantage plans, and the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) beneficiary data. (usrds.org)
  • Results: Prevalence estimates of risk behaviors and chronic conditions varied among the 39 Steps communities that reported data for 2005. (ebscohost.com)
  • We aimed to describe prevalent risk factors and health conditions of adults living in Puerto Rico and assess their interrelationship. (springer.com)
  • All 50 states, the District of Columbia, and several U.S. territories collaborate with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to collect information on health conditions and risk factors from the non-institutionalized adult population. (cdc.gov)
  • Background: Identification of risk factors for COVID-19-associated hospitalization is needed to guide prevention and clinical care. (cdc.gov)
  • These findings provide baseline estimates for the three states to use in gauging improvements in wellbeing and can serve as a model for other state-level or national surveillance systems. (rti.org)
  • [ 8 ] Specifically, the estimates for avoidable deaths from breast cancer screening [ 9 ] were based on results of 5 Cancer Information Surveillance Modeling Network screening models (10) plus an estimate from a sixth model. (medscape.com)
  • Denominators Matter: Understanding Medical Encounter Frequency and Its Impact on Surveillance Estimates Using EHR Data. (nih.gov)
  • Accordingly, many state health departments launched health education and risk reduction programs to reduce the prevalence of behavioral risks in the population. (cdc.gov)
  • Accordingly, the CDC began working with state health departments to develop a system for the on- going surveillance of behavioral risk factors in the population using random- digit-dialed telephone techniques. (cdc.gov)
  • DESCRIPTION OF SURVEILLANCE SYSTEMS: The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) is an ongoing state- and population-based surveillance system designed to monitor selected self-reported maternal behaviors, conditions, and experiences that occur shortly before, during, and after pregnancy among women who deliver live-born infants. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The "crude" rate can be used to determine the number or proportion of the population which is affected by a risk factor. (alaska.gov)
  • Surveillance of physical activity is a core public health function that is necessary for monitoring population engagement in physical activity, including participation in physical activity initiatives. (nap.edu)
  • States conduct monthly telephone surveillance using a standardized questionnaire to determine the distribution of risk behaviors and health practices among adults. (umich.edu)
  • The questionnaire used in Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance has three components: the core, standardized modules and state-added questions. (cdc.gov)
  • public health surveillances system in terms of: 1. (bartleby.com)
  • Public health surveillance is the continuous, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data needed for the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice (WHO. (bartleby.com)
  • The goal of the system was to collect, analyze, and interpret state-specific behavioral risk factor data, in order to plan, implement, and monitor public health programs. (cdc.gov)
  • The 2006 national recommendations to improve preconception health included monitoring improvements in preconception health by maximizing public health surveillance (CDC. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Since 1987, public health officials, advocates and researchers use the data for: tracking health risks, identifying emerging problems, improving treatment, and evaluating programs. (phi.org)
  • This section coordinates preparedness and response for public health emergencies, coordinates efforts to improve the health of rural, medically underserved residents, and maintains and enhances the Emergency Medical Services and Trauma Systems across Wyoming. (wyo.gov)
  • We analyzed the EHRs of three practices in Massachusetts using the Electronic medical record Support for Public Health (ESP) system. (nih.gov)
  • Surveillance in public health is the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of outcome-specific data, which can then be used for planning, implementation and evaluation of public health practice. (nap.edu)
  • Among women with a recent live birth (2-9 months since date of delivery), selected PRAMS results for the reproductive health and family planning, tobacco and alcohol use, and nutrition domains included several factors. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • In addition to behavioral mechanisms, an emerging body of research has begun to explore potential biological mechanisms underlying the association of ACEs with poor health outcomes, including the effect of childhood exposure to adversity on brain development, structure, and function. (ncmedicaljournal.com)
  • Data from the 2012 North Carolina Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System show that ACEs are common among North Carolina residents, ACEs co-occur, and cumulative ACE exposure is associated with poor health outcomes. (ncmedicaljournal.com)
  • These health-risk behaviors then contribute to the development of subsequent poor health outcomes [ 1 ]. (ncmedicaljournal.com)
  • We hypothesized that women with sustained low leisure-time PA would have excess risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, and that changing patterns across pregnancy (high to low and low to high) may also be related to risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. (springer.com)
  • Additional data on various health outcomes and risk behaviors that can impact the overall health of women, infants, and children within the State of Michigan. (michigan.gov)
  • BACKGROUND During the 1960s and 1970s, the role of personal behaviors--such as cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, dietary habits, and physical inactivity--as risk factors for disease became recognized. (cdc.gov)
  • METHODS Data of U.S. adults from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System in 2006 were analyzed. (semanticscholar.org)
  • This SOGI module follows the recommendations of the expert Sexual Minority Assessment and Research Team, or SMART, and the Gender Identity in U.S. Surveillance, or GenIUSS, Group about how to optimally design sexual orientation and gender identity questions. (americanprogress.org)
  • Questions cover behavioral risk factors (e.g., alcohol and tobacco use), preventive health measures, health status, limitation of activity, and health care access and utilization. (cdc.gov)
  • Interpretation: The findings in this report indicate variations in health risk behaviors, chronic conditions, and use of preventive health screenings and health services. (ebscohost.com)
  • Crohn's Disease, IBS) Intellectual disability Missing limbs or partially missing limbs Nervous system conditions (ex. (wikipedia.org)
  • These results suggest that the often-reported increase in sleep problems with age is a nonlinear phenomenon, mediated by factors other than physiologic aging. (elsevier.com)