Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Disorders whose essential features are the failure to resist an impulse, drive, or temptation to perform an act that is harmful to the individual or to others. Individuals experience an increased sense of tension prior to the act and pleasure, gratification or release of tension at the time of committing the act.
The motivational and/or affective state resulting from being blocked, thwarted, disappointed or defeated.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.
The interference with or prevention of a behavioral or verbal response even though the stimulus for that response is present; in psychoanalysis the unconscious restraining of an instinctual process.
The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.
A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Eating an excess amount of food in a short period of time, as seen in the disorder of BULIMIA NERVOSA. It is caused by an abnormal craving for food, or insatiable hunger also known as "ox hunger".
Those forms of control which are exerted in less concrete and tangible ways, as through folkways, mores, conventions, and public sentiment.
Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
An enduring attitude or sentiment toward persons or objects manifested by anger, aversion and desire for the misfortune of others.
Affection; in psychiatry commonly refers to pleasure, particularly as it applies to gratifying experiences between individuals.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Approximate, quantitative reasoning that is concerned with the linguistic ambiguity which exists in natural or synthetic language. At its core are variables such as good, bad, and young as well as modifiers such as more, less, and very. These ordinary terms represent fuzzy sets in a particular problem. Fuzzy logic plays a key role in many medical expert systems.
The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
A plant family of the order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves of Sterculiaceae are alternate and simple or palmately compound. Flowers have three to five sepals and five or no petals.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Individuals' concept of their own bodies.
Dissertations embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view, e.g., substantial papers written by candidates for an academic degree under the individual direction of a professor or papers written by undergraduates desirous of achieving honors or distinction.
Learning to make a series of responses in exact order.
A stochastic process such that the conditional probability distribution for a state at any future instant, given the present state, is unaffected by any additional knowledge of the past history of the system.
Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.
Female parents, human or animal.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
The interactions between parent and child.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.
An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Persistent, unwanted idea or impulse which is considered normal when it does not markedly interfere with mental processes or emotional adjustment.
Sensation of enjoyment or gratification.
A species of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. It has been isolated from sewage, soil, silage, and from feces of healthy animals and man. Infection with this bacterium leads to encephalitis, meningitis, endocarditis, and abortion.
Infections with bacteria of the genus LISTERIA.
A species of MORGANELLA formerly classified as a Proteus species. It is found in the feces of humans, dogs, other mammals, and reptiles. (From Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9th ed)
A genus of bacteria which may be found in the feces of animals and man, on vegetation, and in silage. Its species are parasitic on cold-blooded and warm-blooded animals, including man.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.

Genetically determined obesity in Prader-Willi syndrome: the ethics and legality of treatment. (1/130)

A central characteristic of people with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is an apparent insatiable appetite leading to severe overeating and the potential for marked obesity and associated serious health problems and premature death. This behaviour may be due to the effects of the genetic defect resulting from the chromosome 15 abnormalities associated with the syndrome. We examine the ethical and legal dilemmas that can arise in the care of people with PWS. A tension exists between a genetic deterministic perspective and that of individual choice. We conclude that the determination of the capacity of a person with PWS to make decisions about his/her eating behaviour and to control that behaviour is of particular importance in resolving this dilemma. If the person is found to lack capacity, the common law principles of acting in a person's "best interests" using the "least restrictive alternative" may be helpful. Allowing serious weight gain in the absence of careful consideration of these issues is an abdication of responsibility.  (+info)

On becoming non-judgmental: some difficulties for an ethics of counselling. (2/130)

The growth in the availability of counselling services has been accompanied by growing concern about the conduct of counsellors, which in turn has led to the expressed need for an ethics of counselling. This paper will argue that there is an inherent tension between this need and the central tenets of one variety of counselling, client-centred counselling. The tension is identifiable on the basis of an inquiry into the nature of moral judgment which results in the recognition of the implicit value base in client-centred counselling. It is only when this value base is made explicit that any adequate ethics of counselling becomes a viable possibility.  (+info)

Are antipsychotic drugs the right treatment for challenging behaviour in learning disability?: The place of a randomised trial. (3/130)

People with learning disability sometimes display challenging behaviour. This can be managed by use of antipsychotic medication or behavioural therapy or both. There is no solid evidence, however, that these therapies are safe and effective. A randomised controlled trial of antipsychotic medication has been proposed to deliver such evidence. However, this presents difficult issues in the ethics of research with learning disabled people. In particular, is a trial the most efficient and fairest way to evaluate practice in this area? This paper reviews the clinical situation, gives the rationale for the trial, and analyses the ethical arguments for and against such a trial.  (+info)

Health promotion and the First Amendment: government control of the informational environment. (4/130)

Government efforts to protect public health often include controlling health information. The government may proscribe messages conveyed by commercial entities (e.g., false or misleading), recommend messages from commercial entities (e.g., warnings and safety instructions), and convey health messages (e.g., health communication campaigns). Through well-developed, albeit evolving, case law, government control of private speech has been constrained to avoid impinging on such values as free expression, truthfulness, and autonomous decision making. No simple legal framework has been developed for the government's own health messages to mediate between the legitimate goals of health protection and these other values. Nevertheless, government recommendations on matters of health raise difficult social and ethical questions and involve important societal trade-offs. Accordingly, this article proposes legal and ethical principles relating to government control of the health information environment.  (+info)

A novel skilled-reaching impairment in paw supination on the "good" side of the hemi-Parkinson rat improved with rehabilitation. (5/130)

Parkinson's disease is characterized by tremor, rigidity, bradykinesia, and postural abnormalities ascribed to the loss of nigrostriatal dopamine (DA). Symptoms similar to the human condition can be produced in the rat by DA-depleting 6-hydroxydopamine injections made into the nigrostriatal system. After a unilateral lesion, the rat symptoms include sensory and motor impairments and turning biases reflecting motor abnormalities to the contralateral-to-depletion side of the body. In addition, a number of studies on skilled reaching report impairments in the use of the ipsilateral limb. It is suggested that the ipsilateral deficit is secondary to the contralateral motor impairments however. Here we re-examine how rats with unilateral DA depletion use their ipsilateral limb for skilled reaching for food. We provide the first description of an impairment on the ipsilateral-to-depletion side of the body of the rat and the first demonstration of amelioration of the defect using behavioral therapy. Video analysis of rats reaching for single pellets of food with the ipsilateral limb revealed that, although limb advancement and food grasping were normal, paw supination and food release to the mouth were impaired. Consequently, the animals were unable to transport a grasped food pellet to the mouth. Behavioral therapy, consisting of training in a simpler reaching task, strikingly lessened the impairment and improved reaching movements to the point that the rats could transport the food to the mouth. The results are discussed in relation to possible causes of the ipsilateral impairment, its treatment, and to relevant research on human Parkinson patients, indicating that they display bilateral improvements after unilateral treatments.  (+info)

Evaluation of an individualised asthma programme directed at behavioural change. (6/130)

An individualised asthma programme directed at behavioural change was evaluated in asthmatic subjects who reported complaints and impairment, despite adequate medical treatment. Mild-to-moderate asthma patients (n=23) were randomly assigned to a programme or waiting list condition. Outcome measures were: McMaster Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire, Asthma Symptom Checklist, Negative Emotionality Scale, Knowledge, Attitude and Self-Efficacy Asthma Questionnaire, Adherence Scale, and peak flow measurements. Both groups were evaluated at three consecutive moments, each separated by 3 months; the programme was delivered between the first two evaluations. At onset the patient received a workbook containing information, exercises and homework assignments. Psycho-education, behavioural and cognitive techniques were introduced during six 1-h individual sessions. Compared with controls the programme group reported less symptoms (obstruction, fatigue), better quality of life (activity, symptoms, emotions), decreased negative affectivity, and increased adherence, immediately after finishing the programme and at 3 months follow-up. All three cognitive variables (knowledge, attitude towards asthma, self-efficacy) and day and night peak flow ratings improved in the programme group but not in the waiting list group. Participation in an individualised programme resulted in improvement of asthma morbidity, and asthma-related behaviour and cognitions, in subjects reporting symptoms and impairment despite adequate medical therapy.  (+info)

Persistence of effects of a brief intervention on parental restrictions of teen driving privileges. (7/130)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which effects of exposure to a brief intervention designed to increase parental restrictions on teen driving privileges persisted over time. DESIGN: A total of 658 parents and their 16 year old adolescents were recruited from a local motor vehicle administration (MVA) site as adolescents successfully tested for provisional licenses. At the MVA, parents completed written surveys about expected teen driving during the first month of provisional licensure. Afterwards, on weeks assigned as intervention, parents watched a video and were given the video and a driving agreement to take home. Both parents and teens completed follow up telephone interviews about communication, amounts, and limits on teen driving at one month (579 dyads), four months (529 dyads), and nine months (528 dyads). RESULTS: The results indicated that both intervention parents and teens were much more likely to report using a driving agreement at each follow up during the nine month period. Significant treatment group differences persisted for communication about driving, but effects related to limits on teen driving that were evident at one month declined over time. Reports for passenger, road, and overall limits remained significant at four months; fewer were present at nine months. There were no differences in amounts of teen driving at four or nine months. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to reach parents through brief interventions at the MVA and successfully promote increases in initial parental restrictions on teen driving with modest persistence for at least four months.  (+info)

Acceptability and feasibility of a computer-tailored physical activity intervention using stages of change: project FAITH. (8/130)

This study investigated the feasibility and acceptability of a new computer-tailored intervention promoting physical activity in a general population, and explored if there are differences in the reported feasibility and acceptability between stages of change, gender, age groups, education levels and familiarity with computer use. The computer-tailored intervention program consists of questionnaires concerning demographics, physical activity and psychosocial determinants, leading to a 'physical activity advice' and an 'action plan'. This feedback was constructed taking the stages of change into account, at content level as well as in the way participants were approached. One hundred and ninety-two participants, between 25 and 55 years of age, ran through the tailored materials, and completed an acceptability and feasibility questionnaire afterwards. This questionnaire contained feasibility and acceptability questions about all the intervention aspects: intervention questions, physical activity advice, action plan and computer use. High acceptability and feasibility scores were found for all intervention parts. Only a few significant differences in acceptability and feasibility scores between stages of change, gender, age groups, education levels and familiarity with computer use were found. These results suggest that this computer-tailored intervention is an acceptable and feasible tool for promoting physical activity for respondents having different stages of change, ages, gender, education levels and computer use.  (+info)

This teacher poll asks teachers to look inside themselves and answer Where did you learn your most effective behavior management techniques?
CIA human behavior control studies: This New York Times article describes shocking human behavior control studies conducted by the CIA. Full article included with links for verification.
Perioperative autologous blood salvage and preoperative erythropoietin are not (cost) effective to reduce allogeneic transfusion in primary hip and knee arthroplasty, but are still used. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a theoretically informed multifaceted strategy to de-implement these low-value blood management techniques. Twenty-one Dutch hospitals participated in this pragmatic cluster-randomized trial. At baseline, data were gathered for 924 patients from 10 intervention and 1040 patients from 11 control hospitals undergoing hip or knee arthroplasty. The intervention included a multifaceted de-implementation strategy which consisted of interactive education, feedback on blood management performance, and a comparison with benchmark hospitals, aimed at orthopedic surgeons and anesthesiologists. After the intervention, data were gathered for 997 patients from the intervention and 1096 patients from the control hospitals. The randomization outcome was revealed after the baseline
Modern Risk Management Techniques in Banking Sector: 10.4018/978-1-4666-6268-1.ch048: Risk management as a very rapid emerging subject has been affected by several happenings in the world. There are many studies covering risk definition, risk
We all are guilty of falling prey to stress and tension, given our busy schedules and hectic lifestyles. However, if we dont take stock of that now and familiarise ourselves with easy stress management techniques, it will eventually lead to increased levels of blood pressure aka hypertension. The condition is shockingly common among adults, and the fact that its a silent disease exacerbates the situation. It builds over years, and most people wont even experience any symptoms until the condition becomes so severe, that it results in a sudden heart attack, diabetes, kidney failure or a stroke.. According to Dr Manoj Kutteri, Wellness Director at Atmantan Wellness Centre, hypertension can be controlled early on through monitoring ones diet, relaxation techniques and alternative healing practices. Here, he gives us the ultimate low-down:. ...
When it comes to any pain, the solution is not to suck it up. Instead, seek professional help and consider one of these unique pain management techniques.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare adherence to physical activity and sedentary behaviour recommendations within the 2011 Institute of Medicine Early Childhood Obesity Prevention Policies as well as screen time recommendations from the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics for samples of infants in child care centres in Australia, Canada, and the United States (US). METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from: the Australian 2013 Standing Preschools (N=9) and the 2014-2017 Early Start Baseline (N=22) studies; the 2011 Canadian Healthy Living Habits in Pre-School Children study (N=14); and the American 2008 (N=31) and 2013-2017 (N=31) Baby Nutrition and Physical Activity Self-Assessment for Child Care (NAP SACC) trials ...
Doctor-office collaborative care is more cost-effective than enhanced usual care for treating children with behavioral problems in primary care settings.
Digital platform providers, Apple, Facebook, Google, and Microsoft are competing fiercely to find the next big method to grab more minutes of attention. One of the most important tools in their arsenal will be voice control and monitoring. Far more than just replacing keyed-in commands, a system of voice control and monitoring - what Forrester calls vox - will provide entirely new avenues through which to deliver value to consumers. In this report, we explain why voice matters so much and paint the picture in vivid colors with a hypothetical example that hasnt yet happened but likely will. Marketers and app developers will need to prepare for the arrival of this powerful new interface. ...
Mild Alzheimers dementia (AD) cases are with 15 millions worldwide the largest fraction of all AD cases. Most patients are cared for by their family at home. Neuropsychiatric symptoms are very common in AD, even as early as in mild AD: About 90% of all mild AD cases experience neuropsychiatric symptoms, most frequently depression, anxiety, and irritability. These symptoms are associated with greater morbidity, reduced quality of life for the patient, increased burden and depression for the caregiver, higher costs of care, and nursing home placement. Thus, interventions aimed at treating these symptoms could have a tremendous effect on pa-tients, caregivers, and society.. This study is a randomized, controlled trial (RCT) evaluating a comprehensive CBT-based, multi-component treatment programme consisting of eight modules (diagnosis and goal-setting; psycho-education; engagement in pleasant activities; cognitive restructuring; life review; training caregiver in behavior management techniques; ...
We offer creative strategies for gentle ways to cut back and stop pacifier use, including behavior management techniques that use appropriate rewards given at predetermined intervals. Meanwhile, make periodic appointments with us to carefully watch the way your childs teeth and jaws develop.. When your child is old enough to understand the possible results of a sucking habit, just talking about what may happen to teeth as a result can often encourage him/her to quit. As a last resort, a mouth appliance that blocks sucking may be needed.. If you are worried about your child sucking a pacifier, thumb, or fingers, please visit us to put your mind at rest. For more information read Thumb Sucking in Children in Dear Doctor magazine. Contact us today to schedule an appointment to discuss your questions about childrens thumb sucking.. ...
Parental Understanding and Acceptance of Behavior Management Techniques, J. Kaygisiz, J. Conry, K. Keenan, presented preliminary study results for at the AAPD Annual Meeting in San Francisco, CA, May ...
Treatment focuses on the problem and not curing the issue, as there is no cure. The dogs owner will be trained on behavior management techniques to assist the dog with its anger. Desensitization and relaxation techniques are used to help the dog overcome its fear. Devices such as muzzles can be effective when the dog is away from home. All treatment is focused on preventing injury to humans, other animals, and to the dog.. Dont allow a dog to achieve dominant status over any person. Also, in choosing a dog, its a good idea to take a realistic look at your own personality. Do not get an aggressive dog if you are meek and mild mannered, for example.. Its a good idea to arrange for them to play with other non-aggressive dogs so the friendliness will rub off on them. If you have an older dog that is aggressive, praise them for good behavior and discipline mildly for unacceptable behavior. They should sit on command, sit before going out the door, etc. This reinforces that you are the dominant ...
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies. ...
Patients with type 2 diabetes who incorporate stress management techniques into their routine care can significantly reduce their average blood glucose levels.Type 2 Diabetes and Stress Management Patients with type 2 diabetes who incorporate stress management techniques into their routine care can significantly reduce their average blood glucose levels, according to a new study by researchers at Duke University Medical Center.. This is the first large study to show that a simple, cost-effective treatment can have a meaningful therapeutic effect on the control of blood sugar, said the researchers. Such stress management techniques include instructions on how to identify everyday life stressors and how to respond to them with such techniques as progressive muscle relaxation and breathing exercises.. Stress can increase glucose levels in people with diabetes, making them more susceptible to long-term physical complications such as eye, kidney or nerve disorders.. Results of the study are published ...
Electronic Behavior Control System is one of the many, mind-expanding, tripped-out music videos from Emergency Broadcast Network (EBN), a gr...
Intervention development included systematic review of evidence supporting effective psychoeducational interventions in managing childhood diabetes and incorporated viewpoints of practitioners, children, and their families, including the view that clinicians should give prominence to patient preferences and enhance patient autonomy. Principles from motivational interviewing, with a strong evidence base for influencing behaviour change including within diabetes care, informed consultation strategies.9 11 34 Presentation of the evolving intervention to a Stakeholder Advisory Group resulted in important modifications, including the development of the agenda setting tool.18. The cluster trial design was appropriate to an evaluation of a whole team consultation skills intervention where diffusion of skills at a team level would have been welcomed. Once trained in new consulting skills, clinicians cannot switch between using them and not using them as would have been required with individual patient ...
Jun 25, 2020 - Explore Social Emotional Learnings board Behavior Management on Pinterest. See more ideas about behavior management, social emotional learning, behavior. Voice Control gives your voice the power to navigate, dictate, and work your devices in a new way. Coming Fall 2019.
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The Society Pages (TSP) is an open-access social science project headquartered in the Department of Sociology at the University of Minnesota
Children are often very nervous or scared when experiencing something new. Our goal as trained pediatric dentists is to make your childs visit to the dentist as comfortable as possible. We start with baby steps to help your child learn how to overcome any fears of going to the dentist. Most children begin to understand after their first visit, that brushing and counting their teeth was easy and that they have overcome their fears of the dentist. Some children need a little more help to overcome their fear of the dentist.. We use many scientifically proven techniques to help children overcome their fears. These include, tell-show-do, positive reinforcement, and distraction techniques. Most children respond well to these techniques. Some children are unable to cooperate after using these techniques and may need pharmacological behavior management such as nitrous oxide, sedation, and general anesthesia. The options that will be appropriate for your child will be explained by your pediatric ...
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One of the utmost important activities to manage stress and anxiety is exercise. Actually, exercise has many benefits for a healthy and happy lifestyle.. A regular exercise routine reduces your chances of obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Eliminating the risk of major health issues is reason enough to exercise, however, exercise also makes you feel terrific.. Exercising creates a chemical change in your body by releasing endorphins which magically reduces your stress levels. These chemical changes can help fight off depression, fatigue, stress and anxiety, and even addictions.. A long run can create the same stress reducing effect as having a drink after a long day. However, the health benefits of running far outweigh the effects of drinking.. Any amount of exercise you can work into your daily routine is of benefit. Gradually increasing your fitness should be a lifetime goal.. Exercise can also have a visual consequence resulting in a positive self-image. The better you feel about ...
‎Today anxiety disorders have become very much part of some peoples lives so that even the most normal reactions relating to anxiety can result in them creating doubts in that persons mind relating to their mental health.What one needs to remember is that feeling anxious is normal and h…
Increase the amount of exercise you undertake as exercise helps to releases the serotonin chemical, which makes you feel happier and less stressed. Find out more!!
The trends above make IT failure a greater threat to the business. At the same time, some traditional risk management tools have become less applicable.. IT operations staff traditionally managed risks to the production infrastructure by relying solely on restrictive change practices. Changes to the infrastructure were either denied or they were managed with a strict process and a long timeline. This ensured stability by default, but reduced organizational flexibility. Today, business management is more likely to tell IT what to implement, rather than ask, so IT cannot adopt a strategy of managing risk by denying change requests.. In addition to business-driven changes, organizations must be able to quickly respond to security threats such as virus or denial of service attacks. In such cases, managing risk through timely action is of paramount importance. An IT group that used to reduce risk through six-week change cycles might now find itself forced to make changes in six days, six hours, or ...
There are many opportunities for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions from Amazon agriculture, including conservation agriculture and associated practices, rehabilitation of pastures, and new systems of integrated production. We discuss each of these opportunities and their impacts on greenhouse gas emissions in this section.. Brazilian farmers have already demonstrated how rapidly, and widely, improved management techniques can be adopted. Conservation agriculture (CA) management techniques maintain vegetation cover, dead or alive, on soil, avoid ploughing or tilling the soil and encourage crop rotation, including cover crops. CA began in the USA in the 1930s and took off in earnest in the 1960s, yet today the practice is in use in only 41 per cent of croplands [19]. Brazil has demonstrated a rapid adoption of CA as it spread from 0 to 53 per cent of all cropland area from 1980 to 2006 [20]. CA increases soil carbon and nitrogen content, thereby also increasing the soils water-holding ...
Basic Computer Skills MOOC by Wisconsin Technical Colleges is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. This workforce product was funded by a grant awarded by the U.S. Department of Labors Employment and Training Administration. The product was created by the grantee and does not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Labor. The U.S. Department of Labor makes no guarantees, warranties, or assurances of any kind, express or implied, with respect to such information, including any information on linked sites and including, but not limited to, accuracy of the information or its completeness, timeliness, usefulness, adequacy, continued availability, or ownership. This is an equal opportunity program. Assistive technologies are available upon request and include Voice/TTY (771 or 800-947-6644 ...
MindFlow - Is pain really in the mind? Evidence-based alternative pain management allows you to control pain mentally using just your mind.
Description: Much has been done to promote the use of management techniques designed to develop human resources within the business enterprise. Unfortunately, most of these procedures are applied after the individual has become an employee of the firm. Similar management techniques are needed for the proper recruitment and placement of each new employee. A major source of employee dissatisfaction and turnover lies in the incapacity of some jobs to satisfy the aspirations and job values of certain types of employees. Therefore, one key to employment stability for the college graduate is the relative compatibility between his job values and the capacity of the job to provide fulfillment for those aspirations. Much needs to be done in the areas of predicting the job values of a college senior and matching the individual graduate with that job which is most apt to provide a productive and meaningful career. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships between grade point averages, ...
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Modern medical science has identified a nasty bacterium, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), as a key causal factor in the development of most human ulcers. However, there remain important psychological and environmental factors at work in your office and in your mind that may contribute to your getting an ulcer-a medical condition that the whimsical title of Stanford University professor Robert Sapolskys book Why Zebras Dont Get Ulcers suggests is a very and mostly human problem.. Whether your job stress is chronic or acute, mild or severe, there is something you can learn from zebras about how to cope with it. In his scientifically well-researched and insightful 1994 book, Dr. Sapolsky, Stanford University Professor of Biological Sciences, Neurology and Neurological Sciences, explains why humans get ulcers when animals in the wild, including zebras, rarely, if ever, do.. The Way of the Zebra. The main reason is that, even though animals in general are not as ingenious or able to control their ...
b) To have stop losses that complement your method and are far enough away to not get hit by random moves, yet are not too far away that they dilute profit potential.. Let us run through an example. If you have 15 trades per week, and on average you win 60% of them and get stopped out on the remaining 40%, considering a very conservative Risk:Reward ratio of 1:1 (where entry-exit = entry-stop distance), you end out with nine winners (+9R) and six losers (-6R). Your expected profit per week is 3R (which is handsome, by all means). We are keeping the numbers realistic, in this example, because it is not realistic to expect an 80-90% win rate.. Now, we have already said that having a lot of trades does stress our risk limits. Remaining realistic, on any given week you shouldnt expose your account to more than a 1.5% drawdown, because active trading always tends to stress these risk limits from the start, and drawdown figures are often exceeded. By aiming for a 1.5% MaxDD per week, you are setting ...
The PPTRC Child Behavior Management (CBM) Clinic helps the families of children who frequently have problems staying focused and paying attention, controlling behavior, and getting along with others. We begin with a careful assessment of the childs strengths and difficulties. We then set goals with the family and develop a treatment plan to improve the childs difficulties. Our program centers on teaching parents skills that will guide their children to better behavior and improve relationships within the family. The program may also include direct work with the child and consultations with a childs school and pediatrician. We track progress carefully as we work with families, so that we can know how well we are doing in reaching goals.. ...
Gotcha Ninjas. Gotcha Ninjas is an Irish company and was founded by a teacher. It aims to create a digitized, gamified version of a traditional star chart, which is found on many walls in the Irish classroom that students and teachers can interact with throughout the day. Similarly to the above Behaviour Management Systems, small ninja figures on the screen reward childrens avatars with games, stars and belts for positive behaviour. You can also organise seating plans and take attendance. You can also divide your class into groups so you can reward groups as well as individuals. However, some interesting features that Gotcha Ninjas have are the ability to digitalise Individual Education Plans (IEPs) and Individual Behaviour Plans (IBPs), which is quite useful and targeted at the Irish market. Where Gotcha Ninjas differs greatly from the above two services, in that it is a positive reinforcement approach only; there are no points taken away for bad behaviour and no negative language is employed ...
The Quickest Kid Fixer-Uppers classroom behavior management strategies may be the fastest, most effective ways that exist to turnaround behavior problems
The studys findings have highlighted that there are unlikely to be quick fixes or tipping points that can be isolated to change behaviours, rather, several factors could be targeted to improve diet and/or physical activity behaviours across the inter-related system of clusters. This reinforces the need for a systems approach in planning multi-faceted interventions in order to account for the (sometimes unexpected) interaction between the factors influencing behaviour. Conventional approaches focusing on individual level behaviour change are insufficient [26].. The contextualisation for interventions is crucial too, which is in contrast with the high priority given to the individual level psychosocial factors in this study. This finding is largely a reflection of prevailing perceptions that these are easy to change. However, changing individual level factors, whilst the context remains the same, is insufficient to drive behaviour change, in view of the socially and culturally embedded nature of ...
Poor diet, physical inactivity and high body mass index (BMI) have been highlighted in the top 10 risk factors for global burden of disease.1 Preventative interventions, which are accessible, engaging and which successfully improve health behaviours, are necessary to reverse current trends. Interventions to date have had limited impact and approaches which are known to work are not always adopted.2 Novel interventions which incorporate effective approaches are therefore needed.. Technology offers opportunities to develop interventions that can reach a large proportion of the population at a low cost. In particular, smartphone apps and website-based interventions can be effective in influencing behaviour and reaching large numbers of people.3-5 In 2015, internet access was available in 86% of UK households and accessed by 78% of adults either every day, or almost every day.6 Smartphones were owned by 76% of adults, of whom ,50% reported checking their phone within 5 min of waking.7 Interventions ...
Most consumer level 360 cameras are ready for light duty conditions, but the Garmin VIRB 360 takes it to the next level with a 10 meter waterproof rating and rugged design for action in harsh environments.
This exercise corresponds to Kolbs 4-stage cyclical theory of experiential learning, a model of learning that combines experience, perception, cognition, and behavior. According to Kolb, learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience.1,2. During the ECG competition, a learner applies knowledge to specific cases in a safe environment where mistakes can be made without severe consequences. This reflects the concrete experience stage of learning. After the competition, learners have an opportunity to review their answers. This represents the observation and reflection stages of experiential learning. Finally, residents progress to the stages of cognition and behavior: identifying areas to improve their ECG interpretation, and influencing behavior by applying this knowledge to patient care. ...
A Potpourri of Current Research on Flies, Fish, and Other Animals THIS IS AN INCREDIBLY EXCITING TIME to study the behavior of other animals. It seems like every day were learning more and more about the fascinating lives of other animals - how smart and clever they are and how theyre able to solve problems we never imagined they could. Here I consider a wide range of research on animals that shows clearly just how well-developed and amazing are their cognitive skills. A very few people continue to ignore what we really know about other animals, but they are in the vast minority. Here you can read about flies, bees, lizards, fish, a back-scratching dog, how climate change is influencing behavior, and why respected scientists are pondering the spiritual lives of animals.. However, before getting into this wonderful research on animal minds and consciousness, I start this part with an essay that tackles one of the main and enduring criticisms of such research and of my work in particular: ...
Our project concerns the entry of mast cells into the CNS. Mast cells are best known for their role in inflammatory disease. However, they also exist in the CNS and are pluripotent as to the possible secretory products they can release. We have discovered that their numbers in specific brain regions appear to be controlled by developmental age and reproductive status. The goals now are to analyze at a cellular level how they enter the CNS (both physical pathways and potential chemotactic agents) and how they influence the brain vasculature and neuronal transmission. We have also begun looking for a functional role of mast cells in the brain. These could include regulating core body temperature after induction of sepsis and also influencing behavior. The implication of mast cells in arousal and behavior like fear and anxiety would be novel evidence for an immune cells contribution to the neural basis of behavior.. ...
But what if instead of selecting for a simple trait, we (or the species as a whole) selects for a behaviour? The neat thing about selecting for this is that hormones have a strong influence on behaviour. So we are partly selecting for certain hormone levels or actions. These hormones also share logical relationships with other hormones, and act in many different parts of the body, not just the parts of the brain influencing behaviour.. If we put significant selection pressure on a species, we are effectively increasing the mutation rate (ie mutant creatures tend to be selected more). Increases in mutation rates would be more likely to affect more logically complex proteins arising later in life involved in the development of adolescent features (due to more references to more parts of the mutating DNA) rather than less logically complex proteins that would be involved in juvenile features.. As a result, we now have a mechanism for how these bizarre traits that we simply dont see in the wild ...
The forum offers dentists the unique ability to upload cases photos and descriptions to get feedback from leading dental experts all over the world. Let your voice be heard by joining the conversation today!
Thirteen behavioral intervention trials conducted with 1258 overweight or obese (primarily obese) children and adolescents aged 4 to 18 years were included in the USPSTF review. No studies targeted those younger than 4 years.15. Hours of contact were used as a proxy for treatment intensity and categorized as very low (,10 hours), low (10-25 hours), moderate (26-75 hours), or high (,75 hours). Weight outcomes were defined as short-term (6-12 months since the beginning of the intervention) or maintenance (between 1 and 4 years after the beginning of the intervention and at least 12 months after the end of the intervention).15. The comprehensiveness of interventions was also assessed. Interventions were deemed comprehensive if they included all of the following elements: (1) counseling for weight loss or healthy diet; (2) counseling for physical activity or a physical activity program; and (3) instruction in and support for the use of behavioral management techniques to help make and sustain ...
Our lab investigates the neural basis of visual shape representation and recognition. Our focus is area V4, an intermediate stage in the shape processing pathway in primates.. We use a combination of single-cell neurophysiology experiments, behavioral manipulations and computational modeling to address questions about how visual stimuli are represented in the brain, how these representations arise and how they ultimately underlie behavior.. More.... ...
Stress is an unavoidable part of our everyday lives—and some of it can be good. But a lot of stress is unhealthy, and most of us don’t know how to handle it. Ignoring or mishandling unhealthy stress has all sorts of negative consequences. That’s why Stress Management: A Wellness Approach is such a valuable resource. This student-friendly guide identifies stressors in six dimensions of life—physical, emotional, intellectual, social, spiritual, and environmental—and presents tested tools that students can use in managing that stress in healthy ways. This text offers these features: • Questions that promote critical and reflective thinking in journal entries and discussions as students look to creatively solve problems • Experiential activities that encourage students to practice stress management techniques Author Nanette Tummers presents stress management from a holistic viewpoint. She considers not only the symptoms of stress but also the challenges students
Lastly, empower your team. The concept of empowerment may be an old-school management technique since it has been introduced decades ago but the reason management experts still recommend this is it works. Unfortunately, many companies are not putting this concept into practice leaving many employees and teams of workers underutilized. Utilizing employees does not mean overloading them with work, which to be certain will not help team motivation. Empowerment means allowing the team to make certain decisions regarding the project, which enables them to make use of their experience, skills and knowledge. Empowerment increases team motivation because they can initiate changes and are, therefore, more engaged with the project ...
As with other chronic illnesses, the symptoms of lupus can be extremely frustrating and limiting for patients. Some people experience rashes on their face and hair loss; these symptoms can affect self-esteem and limit patients desire to be social if they are receiving stares or comments. Painful joints and fatigue can prevent many day-to-day activities, which may impact social and emotional functioning. Patients with lupus are often very sensitive to sunlight, which can cause flares. This limits the time they are able to enjoy time outside. The unpredictability of flares can be overwhelming, but there are several self-care strategies to help patients be proactive about their illness. Gentle low-impact exercise can be helpful, as well as getting a gentle massage. Stress management techniques like mindfulness, yoga, and meditation can be helpful in decreasing any flares that occur due to stress. Seeking help from a therapist who specializes in chronic illness can also help to normalize the impact ...
... emerging gradually as a result of repeated use of discretionary stimuli to control behavior.[14][15] Not necessarily laws set ... Norms can have a narrower or wider range of tolerable behavior. Typically, a narrower range of behavior indicates a behavior ... Range of tolerable behavior. Label d represents the range of tolerable behavior, or the amount of action the group finds ... Behavior[edit]. Norms running counter to the behaviors of the overarching society or culture may be transmitted and maintained ...
There are many physiological mechanisms that control starting and stopping a meal. The control of food intake is a ... McKenna, R. J. (1972). "Some Effects of Anxiety Level and Food Cues on the Eating Behavior of Obese and Normal Subjects: A ... The hormone cholecystokinin is secreted by the duodenum, and it controls the rate at which the stomach is emptied.[23] This ... The brain stem can control food intake, because it contains neural circuits that detect hunger and satiety signals from other ...
... previous suicidal behavior; impulsivity and self-control; and protective factors. ... Suicide Behaviors Questionnaire[edit]. Main article: Suicide Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised. The Suicide Behaviors ... Treating Suicidal Behavior: An Effective, Time-Limited Approach. Treatment Manuals for Practitioners. New York: Guilford Press ... The Suicidal Affect Behavior Cognition Scale (SABCS) is a six-item self-report measure based on both suicide and psychological ...
"Neural Control of Cephalopod Behavior". In Dennis Willows, A.O. The Mollusca, Volume 8: Neurobiology and Behavior, Part 2. ... "What behavior can we expect of octopuses?". The Cephalopod Page.. *^ Lee, Henry (1875). "V: The octopus out of water". Aquarium ... 2017). "A second site occupied by Octopus tetricus at high densities, with notes on their ecology and behavior". Marine and ... Caldwell, R. L. (2005). "An Observation of Inking Behavior Protecting Adult Octopus bocki from Predation by Green Turtle ( ...
... the position holding that all behavior is caused by prior behavior. "Predeterminism" is the position holding that all behavior ... Since we can have no control over these matters, we also can have no control over the consequences of them. Since our present ... The underlying questions are whether we have control over our actions, and if so, what sort of control, and to what extent. ... The objection is that the time scales involved in motor control are very short, and motor control involves a great deal of ...
"Combat Stress Control in a Theater of Operations US Army Publication". Archived from the original on December 30, 2005. ... Combat stress reaction is an acute reaction that includes a range of behaviors resulting from the stress of battle that ... No soldier should be allowed to think that loss of nervous or mental control provides an honorable avenue of escape from the ... Many were easily moved to passion where they lost control of themselves, many were bitter in their speech, violent in opinion, ...
"Neural Control of Cephalopod Behavior". In Dennis Willows, A.O. (ed.). The Mollusca, Volume 8: Neurobiology and Behavior, Part ... 2017). "A second site occupied by Octopus tetricus at high densities, with notes on their ecology and behavior". Marine and ... Wodinsky, Jerome (1977). "Hormonal Inhibition of Feeding and Death in Octopus: Control by Optic Gland Secretion". Science. 198 ... The gland may be triggered by environmental conditions such as temperature, light and nutrition, which thus control the timing ...
"Neural Control of Cephalopod Behavior". In Dennis Willows, A.O. The Mollusca, Volume 8: Neurobiology and Behavior, Part 2. ... "What behavior can we expect of octopuses?". The Cephalopod Page.. *^ Lee, Henry (1875). "V: The octopus out of water". Aquarium ... 2017). "A second site occupied by Octopus tetricus at high densities, with notes on their ecology and behavior". Marine and ... Wodinsky, Jerome (1977). "Hormonal Inhibition of Feeding and Death in Octopus: Control by Optic Gland Secretion". Science. 198 ...
"CIA Revelations: Behavior Control" (PDF). Radio TV Reports. ABC News. 20 July 1977. Retrieved 24 January 2017.. ...
Miller, S; Reid, D (December 2003). "Doing play: competency, control, and expression". Cyberpsychology & Behavior. 6 (6): 623- ... It tells the true story of Christy Brown, an Irishman born with cerebral palsy, who could control only his left foot. Christy ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2004). "Economic costs associated with mental retardation, cerebral palsy, ... Cerebral palsy is caused by abnormal development or damage to the parts of the brain that control movement, balance, and ...
"Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 29: 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2012.09.008. PMC 3554865 . PMID 23022717.. ... US Department of Health and Human Services/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 65 (50): 51.. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definition (1994),[77] the most widely used clinical and research description ... In June 2017, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention stated that speaking with a therapist may help.[88] ...
"Physiology & Behavior. 136: 121-27. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.04.025. PMC 4519076. PMID 24769220.. ... Schwartz MW, Woods SC, Porte D, Seeley RJ, Baskin DG (April 2000). "Central nervous system control of food intake". Nature. 404 ... Ghrelin has been linked to inducing appetite and feeding behaviors. Circulating ghrelin levels are the highest right before a ... Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE (2009). "Chapter 10:Neural and Neuroendocrine Control of the Internal Milieu". In Sydor A, ...
gives the user control over rounding behavior through RoundingMode. .. *. BigInteger. - provides arbitrary-precision integers. ... This behavior is used in the class java.util.WeakHashMap. . A weak map allows the programmer to put key/value pairs in the map ... an enumeration that provides eight rounding behaviors..[edit]. The package provides special IO routines for ... Java has an expressive system of references and allows for special behavior for garbage collection. A normal reference in Java ...
"Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior. 93 (3): 222-9. doi:10.1016/j.pbb.2009.03.010. PMC 2706302 . PMID 19336242.. ... Cormier F, Muellner J, Corvol JC (April 2013). "Genetics of impulse control disorders in Parkinson's disease". Journal of ... adult locomotory behavior. • inhibitory postsynaptic potential. • negative regulation of protein secretion. • social organism ... The 48-base pair VNTR has been the subject of much speculation about its evolution and role in human behaviors cross-culturally ...
"Aversive Pavlovian control of instrumental behavior in humans" (PDF). Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 25 (9): 1428-41. doi: ... Razran G (1971). Mind in evolution; an East-West synthesis of learned behavior and cognition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.. ... Schmidt RF (1989). "Behavior Memory (Learning by Conditioning)". In Schmidt RF, Thews G. Human Physiology. Translated by ... Learning is controlled by the difference between this total associative strength and the strength supported by the US. When ...
Neuronal control of leech behavior. Prog Neurobiology. 2005, 76 (5): 279-327. PMID 16260077. doi:10.1016/j.pneurobio.2005.09. ... Learning to Control a Brain-Machine Interface for Reaching and Grasping by Primates. PLoS Biology. 2003, 1 (2): 193-208. PMC ... Physiology & Behavior. 2004, 8 (2): 179-209. PMID 15159167. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2004.02.004.. ... Williams, RW; Herrup, K. The control of neuron number [神經元數量的控制]. Annual Review of Neuroscience. 1988, 11: 423-453. PMID ...
The hypothesis that people systematically tend to overattribute behavior to traits (at least for other people's behavior) is ... Uleman, J. S. (1987). "Consciousness and control: The case of spontaneous trait inferences". Personality and Social Psychology ... that people would attribute apparently freely chosen behaviors to disposition and apparently chance-directed behaviors to ... Alice attributes Bob's behavior to his fundamental personality, e.g., he thinks only of himself, he is selfish, he is a jerk, ...
Control[edit]. Early warning and preventative control is the strategy adopted by locust-affected countries in Africa and Asia ... Innate phase behavior in the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria. Insect Science. ... The desert locust is a difficult pest to control, and control measures are further compounded by the large and often remote ... Biological control products have been under development since the late nineties; Green Muscle and NOVACRID are based on a ...
... persons as objects not in control of their own actions and gives the impression that certain types of irresponsible behavior ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2 July 2013. Archived from the original ... Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved 26 March 2012.. *^ "ABA Urges Federal Support for Syringe Exchange Programs". American ... "AIDS and Behavior. 17 (9): 2878-2892. doi:10.1007/s10461-013-0593-y. PMC 6509353. PMID 23975473.. ...
Control strategiesEdit. Management techniques have historically been controversial, and public disapproval can hinder control ... Social behaviorEdit. The premotor cortex of macaques is widely studied.[13] ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 4 (1): 117-121. doi:10.3201/eid0401.980117. PMC 2627675. PMID 9452406.. ... Currently, macaques as an invasive species are handled with several control methods. ...
... effectively controlling member behavior through rewards and operant conditioning.[15] Social psychology research has found the ... Norms can have a narrower or wider range of tolerable behavior. Typically, a narrower range of behavior indicates a behavior ... Range of tolerable behavior. Label d represents the range of tolerable behavior, or the amount of action the group finds ... BehaviorEdit. Norms running counter to the behaviors of the overarching society or culture may be transmitted and maintained ...
doi:10.1007/s00436-008-0965-9 Abolins, S. (2007). Control of the sheep scab mite Psoroptes ovis in vivo and in vitro using ... Arlian, L. G. (1984). Host-seeking behavior of Sarcoptes scabiei. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 11: 594-598. ... Demodex mites infest all individuals of their natural host species, but it is only those individuals who cannot control the ... Dermanyssid mites in the fabric of poultry houses are controlled using equipment that delivers scalding water at high pressure ...
The individual does not have control of the learned reaction, but this can be retrained to allow the patient to control the ... Reuber M, Elger CE (June 2003). "Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: review and update". Epilepsy & Behavior. 4 (3): 205-16. doi ... Retraining and Control Therapy (ReACT) ReACT, while new and understudied, has shown extremely promising outcomes for reduction ... Reuber M, Elger CE (June 2003). "Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: review and update". Epilepsy & Behavior. 4 (3): 205-16. doi ...
Flexitarian Diet and Weight Control: Healthy or Risky Eating Behavior?. *Should you give up meat for good? - British Heart ... "Flexitarian Diet and Weight Control: Healthy or Risky Eating Behavior?". Frontiers in Nutrition. 5: 59. doi:10.3389/fnut. ... Flexitarians may have attitudes and endorsement behavior concerning health issues,[13] humanitarianism, and animal welfare.[14] ...
... eating is controlled in much the same way as sexual behavior. Humans engage in sexual behavior, not because of an internal ... Malik, S; McGlone F; Bedrossian D; Dagher A (2007). "Ghrelin modulates brain activity in areas that control appetitive behavior ... Woods, S. C. (2004). "Lessons in the interaction of hormones and ingestive behavior". Physiology & Behavior. 82 (1): 187-190. ... Berridge, K. C. (2004). "Motivation concepts in behavioral neuroscience". Physiology and Behavior. 81: 179-209. doi:10.1016/j. ...
The Organization of Behavior. Wiley, New York. *^ Bahrick, H.P.; Hall, L.K. (1991). "Preventive and corrective maintenance of ... Anderson, M.C. (2003). "Rethinking Interference Theory: Executive control and the mechanisms of forgetting". Journal of Memory ... Motivated forgetting is a theorized psychological behavior in which people may forget unwanted memories, either consciously or ... Repressed memories can influence behavior unconsciously, manifesting themselves in our discussions, dreams, and emotional ...
He discovered that the kinesthetic sense controlled the behavior of rats running in mazes. In 1908, Watson was offered and ... Its theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behavior. Introspection forms no essential part of its methods, nor is ... From this experiment, Watson concluded that parents can shape a child's behavior and development simply by a scheming control ... Behavior: An Introduction to Comparative Psychology. Henry Holt. *^ Watson, John B., and Rosalie Rayner. 1920. "Conditioned ...
Their physiology and role in the control of behavior". Progress in Neurobiology. 4: 211-239. doi:10.1016/0301-0082(75)90002-7. ...
Therefore, fasting strengthens control of impulses and helps develop good behavior. During the sacred month of Ramadan, ... If you keep fast, to count everyday pledge yourself you will act honest, sincere, controls your desires, mediate. This is a way ... They try to show compassion, generosity and mercy to others, exercise patience, and control their anger. In essence, Muslims ...
... and most egg-laying breeds of poultry have had this behavior selectively bred out of them to increase production.[1] ... "The onset of incubation in birds: can females control hatching patterns?" (PDF). Anim. Behav. 55: 1043-1052. doi:10.1006/anbe. ... "Monotreme Reproductive Biology and Behavior". Iowa State University. Archived from the original on 2009-03-13. Retrieved 2009- ...
Behaviors of networks[edit]. Biological neurons are connected to each other in a complex, recurrent fashion. These connections ... Machens CK, Romo R, Brody CD (2005). "Flexible control of mutual inhibition: a neural model of two-interval discrimination". ...
This finding was applied to humans in 1971 when Sterman trained an epileptic to control her seizures through a combination of ... The prefrontal cortex is thought essential for all goal-directed and socially-mediated behavior. The PFC is an ideal target for ... After decades of work with various biofeedback mechanisms, Toomim accidentally stumbled upon conscious control of cerebral ... These patients showed improvement in reconnecting with their loved ones, compared to their control counterparts. ...
A central question in the trophic dynamic literature is the nature of control and regulation over resources and production. ... For example, predators eating herbivores indirectly influence the control and regulation of primary production in plants. ... suggests a bottom-up form of regulation or control.[17][18][19] Recent studies have concluded that both "top-down" and "bottom- ... such as daphnia feeding on algae grown under controlled environments in jars of water.[36][64] ...
... it is possible that the EMT associated with upregulated HIF-1α is controlled by signals from this Wnt/β-catenin pathway. ... also make it susceptible to alterations that can lead to abnormal cell behavior and growth. Any changes in cytoskeletal ... "α-catenin is a tumor suppressor that controls cell accumulation by regulating the localization and activity of the ...
"Cold Storage Behavior of Avocados". California Avocado Association Annual Report (San Diego, CA: California Avocado ... "Avocado". ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center. *↑ "AvoDerm Natural Premium Dog Food". பார்த்த நாள் 2009-01-13. ...
A Rose makes the important decisions within this group, since she has control over the student council. Candidates for the ... There is an implicit code of behavior between sœurs, especially in the Yamayuri Council-the student council of the school: ...
Quality controlEdit. The overall performance of PET systems can be evaluated by quality control tools such as the Jaszczak ... Carlson, Neil (January 22, 2012). Physiology of Behavior. Methods and Strategies of Research. 11th edition. Pearson. p. 151. ... Studies have been performed examining the state of these receptors in patients compared to healthy controls in schizophrenia, ... subjects can act as their own control) and substantially reduces the numbers of animals required for a given study. ...
addictive behavior - a behavior that is both rewarding and reinforcing. *addictive drug - a drug that is both rewarding and ... and loss of control over drug use, that define a state of addiction. ... A large body of literature has demonstrated that such ... Shettleworth, S. J. (2010). Cognition, Evolution and Behavior (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{ ... reinforcing stimuli - stimuli that increase the probability of repeating behaviors paired with them ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and World Health Organization (1998). Infection Control for Viral Haemorrhagic ... animal behavior and other factors may trigger outbreaks among animal populations.[82] ... "Monitoring Symptoms and Controlling Movement to Stop Spread of Ebola". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 27 ... Peters, C. J. (December 1998). Infection Control for Viral Haemorrhagic Fevers in the African Health Care Setting (PDF). ...
... and ion currents that are controlled by changes in the behavior or environment of the organism. Under low levels of oxygen, the ... play an important role in respiratory control and rhythm generation. Other areas that aid in breathing control are the ... Garcia AJ, 3rd; Zanella, S; Koch, H; Doi, A; Ramirez, JM (2011). "Chapter 3--networks within networks: the neuronal control of ... The frequency and amplitude change according to the behavioral and metabolic demands of the organism it controls. Breathing is ...
"The Predatory Behavior and Ecology of Wild Chimpanzees".. *^ Milton, Katharine (1999). "A hypothesis to explain the role of ... For example, humans probably did not possess the control of fire until the Middle Paleolithic,[99] or tools necessary to engage ... "When Did "Modern" Behavior Emerge in Humans?". National Geographic News. Retrieved 2008-02-05.. ... Their further northward expansion may have been limited by the lack of control of fire: studies of cave settlements in Europe ...
Sakamoto W, Takami T (June 2018). "Chloroplast DNA Dynamics: Copy Number, Quality Control and Degradation". Plant & Cell ... There isn't a lot of direct evidence for this behavior though.[38] ... The chloroplast is mostly under nuclear control, though chloroplasts can also give out signals regulating gene expression in ...
Some impurities, called dopants, are introduced deliberately in making a MOSFET, to control the MOSFET electrical behavior. ... Because the controlled (output) power can be higher than the controlling (input) power, a transistor can amplify a signal. ... "Device For Controlling Electric Current". United States Patent and Trademark Office.. *^ a b "Twists and Turns in the ... For a field-effect transistor, the terminals are labeled gate, source, and drain, and a voltage at the gate can control a ...
Unlike combined birth control pills, it is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for this purpose.[1][ ... In women, the use of combined birth control pills can improve acne.[100] These medications contain an estrogen and a progestin. ... Rasmusson GH (1986). Chemical Control of Androgen Action. Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry. 21. pp. 179-188. doi:10.1016/ ... Hormonal treatments for acne such as combined birth control pills and antiandrogens may be considered a first-line therapy for ...
JEL: K4 - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior JEL: K40 - Geral. JEL: K41 - Litigation Process. JEL: K42 - ... JEL: Q52 - Pollution Control Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects. JEL: Q53 - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; ... JEL: H3 - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents JEL: H30 - Geral. JEL: H31 - Eletrodomésticos. JEL: H32 - Empresa. ... JEL: L2 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior JEL: L20 - Geral. JEL: L21 - Business Objectives of the Firm. JEL: L22 - ...
Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD) d) Control of Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD) e) Control of Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA ... Karki, Yagya B.; Agrawal, Gajanand (May 2008). "Effects of Communication Campaigns on the Health Behavior of Women of ... Initially, the Control of Diarrheal Diseases (CDD) Program began in 1982; and the Control of Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI ... and all ages through the control of general malnutrition and the prevention and control of micronutrient deficiency disorders ...
১] The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene "Vector surveillance and control: Bed bug fact sheet" 12 January ... Pest Control Magazine, 1 January 2007: "Are Bed Bug Dogs Up to Snuff?" ... Bed Bug Management includes photos, control from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension in Lancaster County ... Bed bugs - least toxic control' - alternatives to pesticides fact sheet from PAN UK ...
Endocrine disorders, e.g., diabetes (when poorly controlled). Presence of certain other mucosal lesions, especially those that ... most common opportunistic oral infection in humans with lesions only occurring when the environment favors pathogenic behavior ... Women undergoing hormonal changes, like pregnancy or those on birth control pills.[medical citation needed] Atopy. ...
van der Hart MG (2009). Substance P and the Neurokinin 1 receptor: From behavior to bioanalysis (Ph.D.). University of ... Bonham AC (Sep 1995). "Neurotransmitters in the CNS control of breathing". Respiration Physiology. 101 (3): 219-30. doi:10.1016 ... contributions to physiological control and the mechanisms of disease". Physiol. Rev. 94 (1): 265-301. doi:10.1152/physrev. ...
To cryopreserve HSC, a preservative, DMSO, must be added, and the cells must be cooled very slowly in a controlled-rate freezer ... Post-HSCT oral cancer may have more aggressive behavior with poorer prognosis, when compared to oral cancer in non-HSCT ...
Main article: Control of fire by early humans. The discovery and utilization of fire, a simple energy source with many profound ... Approximately 50,000 years ago, the use of tools and complex set of behaviors emerged, believed by many archaeologists to be ... The prehistoric discovery of how to control fire and the later Neolithic Revolution increased the available sources of food, ... Brief report:predictors of heavy internet use and associations with health promoting and health risk behaviors among Hong Kong ...
Good Behavior Dean West Unaired series 12 Miles of Bad Road Jerry Shakespeare 6 episodes ... Authority control *BNE: XX1175754. *BNF: cb14165570w (data). *GND: 141391405. *ISNI: 0000 0001 1474 2548 ...
"User-Centered Design: A Case Study on Its Application to the Tactical Tomahawk Weapons Control System."Johns Hopkins APL ... It designates activities or techniques in which people who are not professional developers create automated behavior and ...
Outside of a wikitable, showing is not controlled. Primary use is through {{Chembox}}, the {{NFPA 704}} box and {{OrganicBox ... Do not depend on default behavior in this situation. Basic 0-4 and - (hyphen)[uredi kodo]. for ,F=. , ,H=. , ,R=. ...
Another example can be seen in the neurally controlled animat. The use of cultured neuronal networks as a model for their in ... One definition suggests that learning is "the acquisition of novel behavior through experience". Corollary to this argument is ... One study, however, did make use of human neural stem cells grown into a network to control a robotic actuator. These cells ... It allows researchers to investigate neuronal activity in a much more controlled environment than would be possible in a live ...
Animal Behavior Processes. 2: 285-302. doi:10.1037/0097-7403.2.4.285.. ...
Because the expression of these behaviors normally requires... ... studies of male and female sexual behavior, primarily conducted ... Sexual Behavior Mating Behavior Copulatory Behavior Male Sexual Behavior Female Sexual Behavior These keywords were added by ... Monoaminergic and cholinergic control of sexual behavior in the male rat, in: Sexual Behavior-Pharmacology and Biochemistry (M ... Carlton, P. L., 1963, Cholinergic mechanisms in the control of behavior by the brain, Psychol. Rev. 70:19.PubMedCrossRefGoogle ...
Selection from Process Control: Modeling, Design, and Simulation [Book] ... Chapter 3. Dynamic Behavior The goal of this chapter is to understand dynamic behavior. We begin by working with linear state ... Chapter 3. Dynamic Behavior. The goal of this chapter is to understand dynamic behavior. We begin by working with linear state ... Process Control: Modeling, Design, and Simulation by B. Wayne Bequette. Stay ahead with the worlds most comprehensive ...
We find no evidence for an influence of the control question on choices, neither in the first period nor later in the game. ... In a Cournot oligopoly experiment we explore whether control questions influence subjects choices in initial periods and over ... We vary the framing of the control question to explore the cause of potential influences. ... Outcomes and strategies shown in control questions prior to experimental play may provide subjects with anchors or induce ...
Both are very useful for control system design and analysis. ... Develop an understanding of dynamic behavior and take a look at ... It more often occurs in processes that are under feedback control, particularly if the controller is poorly tuned. The behavior ... The curves in Figure 3-1a show a monotonic change in the output; this behavior is generally known as overdamped. The curves in ... In the sections that follow, we discuss the characteristics of process models that lead to each of the behaviors shown in ...
Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behavior Craig Weinberg. * *Re: Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behavior Stathis ... Re: Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behavior chris peck. * *Re: Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behav... Craig Weinberg ... Re: Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behavior Stathis Papaioannou. * *Re: Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behav... Craig ... Re: Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behavior chris peck Mon, 02 Sep 2013 15:13:07 -0700 ...
Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behavior Craig Weinberg. * *Re: Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behavior Stathis ... Re: Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behavior chris peck. * *Re: Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behav... Craig Weinberg ... Re: Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behavior Stathis Papaioannou. * *Re: Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behav... Craig ... Re: Spontaneous Brain Activity Controls Behavior Stathis Papaioannou Mon, 02 Sep 2013 08:16:12 -0700 ...
Impulse control is something that everyone should be working on but especially those of us with ADHD. ... Managing Impulsive Behavior: Because Real Life Doesnt Offer Accommodations. Dealing with frustration and managing ADHD ... How to help students with impulse issues practice self-control? Help them use their words. Start by teaching them how to ... I also knew that the experience was good for me to work on my self-control and not give in to the impulse to do something silly ...
... A new study in Biological Psychiatry identifies specific brain ... Switzerland has identified a key brain region of the neural circuit that controls social behavior. Increasing the activity of ... but circuits that affect prefrontal control of social behavior were unknown. So first author Dr. Madhurima Benekareddy and ... "It is interesting that the circuit implicated in social behavior in this study is also a circuit implicated in the biology of ...
Re:addictions and self-control, by Jim Pretzer, 07/22/02 *. Re:addictions and self-control, by Demi n Goldstein, 02/24/01 *. A ... Re:addictions and self-control, by Jim Pretzer, 02/19/01 *. Re:addictions and self-control, by Linda Nauth, 07/19/02 *. ... Behavior OnLine Home Page , Disclaimer ,. Copyright © 1996-2004 Behavior OnLine, Inc. All rights reserved. ... addictions and self-control Bill Silva · 02/15/01 at 2:03 PM ET Im thinking about compulsive overeating (binge eating) as ...
... Sleep Med Rev. 2011 Aug;15(4):269-81. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2010.11.003. Epub 2011 Apr 2 ...
Since my daughter has started school she has been so hateful and disrespectful to my husband and I. She is always yelling that she hates us and does not love us. She hates everyone in our family. She h...
Title: Numerical Investigation of Chemical and Volume Control System Behavior, Author: Shirley Wang, Name: Numerical ... Investigation of Chemical and Volume Control System Behavior, Length: 6 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2012-03-29 ... The chemical and volume control system (CVCS) is designed to provide the services of volume control, chemical control and water ... C. Purpose of the Modeling The behavior of the chemical and volume control system in accident is the input of the safety ...
... throughout the day have more stable emotions and perceive themselves to have better control over their mood and behavior. ... Researchers found that greater emotional stability, better self-rated control of emotions and behaviors and lower pre-sleep ... Women get confused by the behavior of men in their lives. It is time they realize that men too have frequent mood swings. ... throughout the day have more stable emotions and perceive themselves to have better control over their mood and behavior. ...
... Posted on 1999-06-24 ... com/questions/10175192/Enter-key-CR-behavior-on-ActiveX-control ... Get people started with the process of using Access VBA to control Excel using automation, Microsoft Access can control other ... I tried replicating this on an ordinary form and this weird behavior doesnt happen. When I launch my User Document on a web ...
... gary parker gaparker at Sun Apr 6 11:20:46 EST 1997 *Previous ... a special session is planned on learning cyclic control/ behavior in robots. Facets of robot control require that a sequence of ... Call for Papers Invited Session on LEARNING CYCLIC CONTROL/BEHAVIOR IN ROBOTS at ISORA 98 The Seventh International Symposium ... Cyclic Behaviors in Multiple Robots Movement Cycles of Robot Manipulators Emergent Cyclic Behaviors of Multiple Agents ...
... Billing, Erik Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology ... The knowledge base generated during learning can be used to control the robot, such that the demonstrated behavior is ... The dissertation focuses on LFD where a human teacher demonstrates a behavior by controlling the robot via teleoperation. After ... In the present work, contexts are used to represent different behaviors. Several behaviors can in this way be stored in the ...
... exhibit social behavior and form complex social groups. Mechanistic studies in animal models have revealed important roles for ... Endocannabinoid Signaling in the Control of Social Behavior Trends Neurosci. 2017 Jul;40(7):385-396. doi: 10.1016/j.tins. ... in the control of neural processes that underpin social anxiety and social reward, two key aspects of social behavior. An ... Many mammalian species, including humans, exhibit social behavior and form complex social groups. Mechanistic studies in animal ...
One approach to understanding behavior is to define the cellular components of neuronal circuits that control behavior. In the ... Functional mapping of neurons that control locomotory behavior in Caenorhabditis elegans.. Tsalik EL1, Hobert O. ... We describe here several classes of interneurons (AIY, AIZ, and RIB) that modulate locomotory behavior in C. elegans. Using ... Furthermore, we show that the presentation of defined sensory modalities induces specific alterations in reversal behavior and ...
... a team of neuroscientists from Columbia University have controlled a visual behavior of a mouse by activating a few neurons in ... Neuroscientists control visual behavior of a mouse with single-cell precision. *Download PDF Copy ... 2019) Controlling Visually Guided Behavior by Holographic Recalling of Cortical Ensembles. Cell. ... For the first time, a team of neuroscientists from Columbia University have controlled a visual behavior of a mouse by ...
... she became a sweet and bascially peaceful child who was able to learn to control her behavior. She is 15 now and though she ... An out-of-control almost 3 year old Laurie Help, I am losing the battle! I am a mother of three boys, a nine year old who is a ... My daughter was very out of control as a preschooler, she put herself and others at risk, she tantrummed for hours at a time ... Even so I was begging for help for her behavior but the endocronologist was great and said wait and see what happened if the ...
Prostaglandin E receptor EP1 controls impulsive behavior under stress. Yoko Matsuoka, Tomoyuki Furuyashiki, Kiyofumi Yamada, ... Prostaglandin E receptor EP1 controls impulsive behavior under stress. Yoko Matsuoka, Tomoyuki Furuyashiki, Kiyofumi Yamada, ... Prostaglandin E receptor EP1 controls impulsive behavior under stress Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from ... Prostaglandin E receptor EP1 controls impulsive behavior under stress. Yoko Matsuoka, Tomoyuki Furuyashiki, Kiyofumi Yamada, ...
Switzerland has identified a key brain region of the neural circuit that controls social behavior. Increasing the activity of ... Study identifies brain circuit controlling social behavior. A new study in Biological Psychiatry identifies specific brain ... Switzerland has identified a key brain region of the neural circuit that controls social behavior. Increasing the activity of ... but circuits that affect prefrontal control of social behavior were unknown. So first author Dr. Madhurima Benekareddy and ...
... and defiant behavior toward authority figures that goes beyond the bounds of normal childhood behavior. When a child cannot ... a good therapist should be able to help you wit hsome behavior modification things and consequences for him, also get yourself ... seem to control his anger or frustration, even over what seems to be trivial or simple to others, the child will often react in ...
Compulsive behaviors are a need to reduce apprehension caused by internal feelings a person wants to abstain from or control. ... Compulsive behaviors could be an attempt to make obsessions go away. The act is usually a small, restricted behavior, but not ... Wikipedia defines compulsive behavior as performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to an actual reward ... Compulsive behavior is also associated with compulsive sexual behavior, or a lack of control over it. Most who behave ...
Or magnetized nanoparticles, at least: Heated magnetic nanoparticles targeted to cell membranes could control your behavior, ... Researchers in Buffalo are bringing us a step closer to being controlled by machines. ... Magnetic Nanoparticles Can Be Used to Charge Neurons And Control Your Behavior, Study Says. Researchers in Buffalo are bringing ... Or magnetized nanoparticles, at least: Heated magnetic nanoparticles targeted to cell membranes could control your behavior, ...
A) Behavior when cued to devalued goal for each rat (top to bottom) and each trial, showing control rats on PP6, and IL-halo ... The behavior of the control rats (n = 4) established that overtrained T-maze running was normally habitual. In the probe test ... Reversible online control of habitual behavior by optogenetic perturbation of medial prefrontal cortex. Kyle S. Smith, Arti ... Task events were controlled by computer software (MED-PC; Med Associates). Behavior was monitored by in-maze photobeams and an ...
Many animals, therefore, execute precise control over the intake of these key nutrients. However, the factors controlling ... Finally, based on metabolite measurements, we propose that the influence of bacteria on host physiology and behavior is not ... Our study demonstrates how the interaction of specific nutrients with the microbiome can shape behavior and animal fitness and ...
... and invoke those behaviors however you like. Its a freeze-frame remote control for your GUIs. ... Page 3): The Command Behavior pattern lets you encapsulate behaviors within a presentation layer, making it much easier to ... Control GUI Action in VB6 Using the Command Behavior Pattern : Page 3. The Command Behavior pattern lets you encapsulate ... In this article you learned about a tool, the Command behavior pattern. If you find that invoked behaviors need to be undoable ...
Home / Shop / Books / Science and Technology / Life Sciences / Listeria Monocytogenes: Incidence, Growth Behavior and Control. ... Listeria Monocytogenes: Incidence, Growth Behavior and Control. Tiffany Vicario (Editor). Series: Bacteriology Research ... an epidemiological update and the control possibilities for outbreaks of L. Monocytogenes; how to control L. Monocytogenes ... Listeria monocytogenes and Ready-to-Eat Meat-Based Food Products: Incidence and Control. (A.R. Henriques, M.J. Fraqueza, CIISA ...
Serotonin and Aversive Pavlovian Control of Instrumental Behavior in Humans. Dirk E.M. Geurts, Quentin J.M. Huys, Hanneke E.M. ... Serotonin and Aversive Pavlovian Control of Instrumental Behavior in Humans. Dirk E.M. Geurts, Quentin J.M. Huys, Hanneke E.M. ... 2013) Aversive Pavlovian control of instrumental behavior in humans. J Cogn Neurosci 25:1428-1441, doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00425, ... Serotonin and Aversive Pavlovian Control of Instrumental Behavior in Humans. Dirk E.M. Geurts, Quentin J.M. Huys, Hanneke E.M. ...
  • Because the expression of these behaviors normally requires the presence of gonadal hormones, this chapter attempts to integrate behavioral studies with studies on the effects of these hormones on neurotransmitter metabolism. (
  • This is the most exciting work to come out of my laboratory in decades since we are proving that cortical ensembles are key for behavior and that we can play the piano with them and alter at will the behavioral performance of animals. (
  • At the very least, a pediatric mental health or behavioral health professional can help you with guidance around managing your son's behavior. (
  • Much evidence suggests that this process involves a gradual transition from flexible and goal-directed behavior to a more fixed, habitual behavioral strategy ( 1 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ - 7 ). (
  • Based on this anatomy, the IL cortex is thought to be at an executive level in the control of habits and behavioral strategies ( 1 , 8 , 9 , 11 ). (
  • Destructive behaviors are often treated with behavioral interventions derived from a functional analysis, which is used to identify the antecedents and consequences that occasion and reinforce the destructive behavior. (
  • These results demonstrate that the level of Go activity is a critical determinant of several C. elegans behaviors and suggest that Go mediates many of the behavioral effects of 5-HT. (
  • To investigate calorie intake, behavioral eating styles, and parent perception of eating behavior of school-age children with cystic fibrosis (CF) compared with healthy peers. (
  • On measures of behavioral eating style, the CF sample had significantly longer meals (23.90 min) than the control sample (17.34 min) and had a significantly slower pace of eating (43.27% 10-second intervals with bites) than the control sample (51.29% 10-second intervals with bites) but did not differ significantly on the number of calories consumed during dinner. (
  • These data were associated with higher intensity ratings of mealtime behaviors by parents of children with CF. These findings point to the need for individualized assessment of energy needs for school-age children with CF and comprehensive programs that teach parents behavioral strategies to motivate their children to meet these higher energy requirements in an adaptive manner. (
  • Major contributors in the control of food intake include behavioral response to the environment, hedonic behavior, and metabolism: nutrient sensors, neuropeptide hormones, and peripheral hormones. (
  • A UCLA study published Sept. 3 in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine demonstrates that an approach that combines behavioral science with social media and online communities can lead to improved health behaviors among men at risk of HIV infection. (
  • Because our approach combines behavioral psychology with social technologies, these methods might be used to change health behaviors across a variety of diseases. (
  • The current gold standard treatments for these childhood behavioral difficulties are behavior management and in more extreme cases, medication. (
  • His work has received several awards, including the Impact of Science on Application Award from the Society for the Advancement of Behavior Analysis, and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies. (
  • Selfwatching is a manual of behavioral techniques for combating addictive and compulsive behaviors. (
  • The term 'selfwatching' describes a behavioral approach where the individual notes when they engage in the problem behavior and they record how they feel at that time and they report what the situation is like. (
  • And that is part of an overall behavioral approach where people eliminate behavior through desensitization, and they develop alternative ways to combat stress, and they substitute newly learned healthy patterns of behavior, and they learn to anticipate and forestall relapse. (
  • Bijou and Baer looked at these socially determined stages, as opposed to organizing behavior into change points or cusps (behavioral cusp). (
  • From its inception, the behavioral model has focused on prediction and control of the developmental process. (
  • More recently, the model has focused more on behavior over time and the way that behavioral responses become repetitive. (
  • This chapter provides a survey of psychopharmacological studies of male and female sexual behavior, primarily conducted on rodent species. (
  • Sexual Behavior - Pharmacology and Biochemistry (M. Sandler and G. L. Gessa, eds. (
  • Compulsive behavior is also associated with compulsive sexual behavior, or a lack of control over it. (
  • Control of male sexual behavior and sexual orientation in Drosophila by the fruitless gene. (
  • The phenotypes of new fru mutants encompass nearly all aspects of male sexual behavior. (
  • Our previous studies led us to propose that a sex determination regulatory gene, fruitless ( fru ), is responsible for building the potential for male sexual behavior into the CNS during development in D. melanogaster . (
  • We have shown that wild-type fru function is required for all, or nearly all, aspects of male sexual behavior, from the initial recognition of a potential mate, through the transfer of bodily fluids and the duration of copulation. (
  • Genetic analysis indicates that it is the P1-derived male-specific FRU proteins (FRU M ) whose functions are needed for male sexual behavior. (
  • That fru acts during development to establish the potential for male sexual behavior is suggested by the patterns of expression of male-specific P1 products. (
  • These findings suggest that male sexual behavior is the result of sensory information entering the CNS via largely sex-nonspecific sensory systems, and being processed by sex-specific ( fru -specified) circuitry in higher order neuropils. (
  • The findings that FRU M proteins are expressed in only a small portion of the CNS and are necessary for all, or nearly all, aspects of male sexual behavior were provocative and pleasing. (
  • Yet there is a formidable gap between the two aspects of fru about which we have substantial information: (1) the properties and expression patterns of its products and (2) fru 's phenotypic effects on male sexual behavior. (
  • These findings, published today (April 20th) in the journal eNeuro, uncover heterogeneity within the VMH that may serve to control the two extremes of female sexual behavior - receptivity and rejection. (
  • Functional mapping of neurons that control locomotory behavior in Caenorhabditis elegans. (
  • Neuroscientists have discovered neurons that control hibernation-like behavior, or torpor, in mice. (
  • Tail pinch induced eating, gnawing, and licking behavior in rats: Dependence on the nigrostriatal dopamine system, Brain Res . (
  • A new study by researchers at Roche in Basel, Switzerland has identified a key brain region of the neural circuit that controls social behavior. (
  • Previous research has linked social function to the prefrontal region of the brain, but circuits that affect prefrontal control of social behavior were unknown. (
  • In the study, the researchers then used a combination of different techniques to map the connections from the habenula to the frontal area of the brain, and to precisely control the activity of neurons in these regions. (
  • In this study, the researchers showed the proof of principle that identifying and targeting very specific neurons can change a behavior, opening a pathway to using this technique to help correct the problems of brain diseases,' said Carrillo-Reid, who now directs a laboratory at the National Autonomous University of Mexico. (
  • It's defined as both a brain and behavior disorder. (
  • Researchers in the United States have developed a new method for controlling the brain circuits associated with complex animal behaviours, using genetic engineering to create a magnetised protein that activates specific groups of nerve cells from a distance. (
  • Feeding may also be influenced by environmental cues, sensory inputs, and other behaviors, implying the involvement of higher brain regions. (
  • A new CNN article predicts that within 75 years people will have embedded microchips within their brain that will allow their behavior to be controlled by a third party. (
  • The stressed animals had increased levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin in the brain, and injections of serotonin induced anxiety-like behavior in control animals. (
  • This behavior was correlated with an increase in brain serotonin and was abolished by the injection of the benzodiazepine anxiolytic chlordiazepoxide. (
  • The mechanisms for controlling food intake require interaction among three major components: the gut, brain, and adipose tissue. (
  • 2014). Although regulation of energy homeostasis engages several brain regions including the brainstem, cortex, amygdala, and the limbic system, it is the hypothalamus that is responsible for integrating neuronal and humoral signals in the control feeding behavior. (
  • Earlier work in our laboratory found that several transcription factors and downstream epigenetic modifications are altered by exposure to drugs or to stress and that these changes, in turn, control gene expression," says Eric J. Nestler, MD, PhD, Nash Family Professor, Chair of the Department of Neuroscience and Director of the Friedman Brain Institute at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, who led the study. (
  • Subsequent experiments revealed that the feeding mechanism initiated by activating the transgenes was being controlled by a single pair of neurons in the fly's brain. (
  • Brain functions behind movement, motivated behavior, attention, impulse control, and learning are regulated by neurons in the anterior brainstem. (
  • This type of behavior may occur in exothermic chemical reactors or biochemical reactors. (
  • Usually, when kids use this type of behavior, they've acted out in the past and have gotten their way. (
  • It is interesting that the circuit implicated in social behavior in this study is also a circuit implicated in the biology of depression," said Dr. John Krystal, Editor of Biological Psychiatry . (
  • Many mammalian species, including humans, exhibit social behavior and form complex social groups. (
  • Mechanistic studies in animal models have revealed important roles for the endocannabinoid signaling system, comprising G protein-coupled cannabinoid receptors and their endogenous lipid-derived agonists, in the control of neural processes that underpin social anxiety and social reward, two key aspects of social behavior. (
  • These insights open new vistas on the neural basis of social behavior and social impairment. (
  • The pattern of conservation across species suggests that miRNAS, are important regulators of social behavior not just during the bee's lifetime but also over evolutionary time. (
  • Dealing with frustration and managing ADHD impulsive behavior can make everyday tasks and errands seem overwhelming. (
  • These results suggest that prostaglandin E 2 acts through EP1 to control impulsive behavior under stress, a finding potentially exploitable for development of drugs that attenuate impulsive behavior in humans. (
  • One strategy I developed to work with clients who are impulsive is to have them write down, on a 3 X 5 index card, or input into their smartphone, a detailed description of the bad things that happen when they indulge in an impulsive behavior . (
  • Impulse control behaviors (ICB) are neuropsychiatric symptoms characterized by impulsive acts, which are performed compulsively and are potentially detrimental to the person itself or others, severely affecting subjects' quality of life ( 1 ). (
  • Also, because this type of eating behavior often is associated with greedy behavior, it can lead to aggressive behavior if another pet or person comes close while the animal is eating. (
  • The properties of neurons expressing these fru products suggest that fru specifies the fates or activities of neurons that carry out higher order control functions to elicit and coordinate the activities comprising male courtship behavior. (
  • Control of male courtship behavior by the fruitless gene. (
  • Our lab, in collaboration with the laboratories of Jeff Hall (Brandeis) and Barbara Taylor (Oregon State University) are continuing our studies of courtship behavior with the long term aims of understanding: (1) how the potential for male courtship behavior is established in the central nervous system (CNS) during development, and (2) how the cells subserving male courtship behavior function together to insure the ordered manifestation of the events comprising this behavior. (
  • They suggested fru provided a handle for understanding the developmental, genetic, molecular, and neuronal bases of male courtship behavior. (
  • Now, Harvard Medical School neuroscientists have discovered a population of neurons in the hypothalamus that controls hibernation-like behavior, or torpor, in mice, revealing for the first time the neural circuits that regulate this state. (
  • In recent years, we have become more and more aware of the complexities in volved in the relationship between cognition and behavior. (
  • The robot's ability to reproduce more complex behaviors, with partly overlapping and conflicting information, significantly increases with the use of contexts. (
  • This work demonstrated that swarms of robots that can't compute can perform complex behaviors such as rendezvous to a desired location, simple perimeter monitoring of a desired location, and foraging in changing environments. (
  • In the present work, contexts are used to represent different behaviors. (
  • Rover flies travel long distances for food while sitter flies don't, yet scientists have been puzzled by how the gene itself translates into the two different behaviors. (
  • activity also contributes to variability in behavior. (
  • variability in behavior. (
  • The present paper characterizes the chronic variability in behavior maintained under some "simple" contingencies of reinforcement. (
  • A host of later workers who have built on the findings of Wiersma and his collaborators have brought crayfish escape behavior to a point where there is perhaps no equally complex behavior in the repertoire of any animal that is so well understood in neuronal terms. (
  • One approach to understanding behavior is to define the cellular components of neuronal circuits that control behavior. (
  • In their study, published in Cell , the researchers demonstrated that specific groups of neurons, known as neuronal ensembles, have a causal role in behavior. (
  • And reorganizing those neuronal patterns has the potential to treat pathological conditions caused by abnormal activity patterns in mental and neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease or schizophrenia, said Luis Carrillo-Reid, a former researcher in the Yuste Lab and lead author of the paper, 'Controlling Visually Guided Behavior by Holographic Recalling of Cortical Ensembles. (
  • In recent years, researchers have developed a number of methods that enable them to remotely control specified groups of neurons and to probe the workings of neuronal circuits. (
  • Therefore, aBNST GABAergic nociceptin neurons may act as a gateway to feeding behavior by connecting AgRP neurons to both homeostatic and nonhomeostatic neuronal inputs. (
  • Numerical Investigation of Chemical and Volume Control System Behavior in Normal Operation and Incident Situation Zhigang Wang, Xiaojiang Wang, Jun Li, Lijuan Li, Jiang Liu Process and Layout Division, China Nuclear Power Engineering Co., Ltd, Beijing, 100840, China [email protected] Abstract-The characteristics of the Chemical and Volume Control System (CVCS) in normal operation and accident situation will leave a remarkable impact on the power plant availability and safety. (
  • It is therefore suggested that policy makers focus on improving women's economic status as a strategy to encourage cardiovascular health‐promoting behavior. (
  • Do Control Questions Influence Behavior in Experiments? (
  • But what is the process whereby important events influence behavior? (
  • Researchers found that greater emotional stability, better self-rated control of emotions and behaviors and lower pre-sleep arousal (a measurement of cognitive and physical symptoms of anxiety) were all significantly associated with higher trait mindfulness. (
  • The researchers even triggered the licking behavior by stimulation only two neurons, as long as they were the specific group of neurons associated with the behavior. (
  • Researchers in Buffalo are bringing us a step closer to being controlled by machines. (
  • One such annotator is the critical link between rover and sitter behaviors in fruit flies, researchers showed. (
  • Using one such IDP from the common fruit fly as a basis, the researchers draw from their extensive history of working with IDPs to engineer a molecularly simpler artificial version that retains the same behavior. (
  • And by consistently trying various tweaks and temperatures, the researchers gained a solid understanding of which design parameters are most important to control the IDP's behavior. (
  • And because the IDP's behavior was now so well understood, the researchers showed they could predictably control how they coalesced using their test tube principles as a guide. (
  • PITTSBURGH, August 28, 2012 - Older women who increased their consumption of fruits and vegetables and decreased consumption of desserts, sugar-sweetened beverages, meat and cheese were the most likely to control their weight over time, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Education and the Graduate School of Public Health . (
  • One treatment is called functional communication training (FCT), which involves extinction of destructive behavior and reinforcement of an alternative communication response with the consequence that previously reinforced destructive behavior. (
  • The Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale for Children is a 40-item scale which measures the degree to which people believe that reinforcement is a result of their own behavior (internal locus of control) or a result of fate or chance (external locus of control). (
  • The model was changed after Richard J. Herrnstein studied the matching law of choice behavior developed by studying of reinforcement in the natural environment. (
  • Optogenetic stimulation of aBNST nociceptin fibers in the arcuate nucleus does not induce anxiety-like behavior. (
  • We describe here several classes of interneurons (AIY, AIZ, and RIB) that modulate locomotory behavior in C. elegans. (
  • Their device is known as the CoLBeRT (Controlling Locomotion and Behavior in Real Time) system for optical control of freely moving animals, in this case the millimeter-long worm Caenorhabditis elegans. (
  • The bulk of the literature in these fields focuses on norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT) and acetylcholine (ACh), all of which are involved in neuroendocrine regulation and in a variety of behaviors other than mating. (
  • Here we investigate whether and how serotonin regulates the coupling between aversive Pavlovian and instrumental control. (
  • CONCLUSION: There is a strong need for randomized controlled trial data to more clearly establish the impact of hydrophilic and lipophilic statins on cognition, aggression, and serotonin, as well as on other measures relevant to risks and quality-of-life impact in noncardiac domains. (
  • A genetic algorithm approach was used to design these swarm behaviors by first defining a fitness function that describes a desired collective behavior, and then searching the space of simple controllers that best achieves this behavior. (
  • The main advantage to Laplace transforms is that they allow us to analyze behavior exhibited by linear differential equations by using simple algebraic manipulations. (
  • The methods used to analyze behavior in child development are based on several types of measurements. (
  • The goal of this chapter is to understand dynamic behavior. (
  • Develop an understanding of dynamic behavior and take a look at the concept of transfer function. (
  • For the CF sample, a significant correlation was found between the parent intensity ratings of problem behavior in general and meal duration ( r = .48), and a significant negative correlation was found between the parent intensity ratings of problem mealtime behaviors and the percentage of intervals with bites (pace of meal) ( r = −.533). (
  • One way to remember the negative consequences of your destructive behavior is to give it a name that labels it a bad habit. (
  • Children with an intellectual disability often display severe destructive behavior (e.g., aggression, self-injury) that pose risks to themselves or others and represent barriers to community integration. (
  • Results from epidemiological studies and meta-analyses indicate that treatments based on functional analysis, like FCT, typically reduce destructive behavior by 90% or more and are more effective than other treatments. (
  • No study has demonstrated the effectiveness of FCT for treatment of destructive behavior across a large group of children. (
  • The goal of this study is to compare FCT (which is used clinically with the majority of the investigators' patients and is considered best practice for treating destructive behavior that occurs for social reasons [e.g., to access attention, preferred toys, or to escape from unpleasant activities]) to a waitlist control group across a large number of children with destructive behavior to evaluate the generality of FCT effectiveness. (
  • The investigators will evaluate rates of destructive behavior with each patient during a pretest baseline and again following FCT (approximately four months later) and/or the waitlist control duration (again, approximately four months later). (
  • The purpose of the current investigation is to evaluate the generality of FCT as treatment for severe destructive behavior. (
  • Again, the effectiveness of FCT in treating destructive behavior has been demonstrated repeatedly both in the investigators' clinic and in other clinics. (
  • Furthermore, we show that the presentation of defined sensory modalities induces specific alterations in reversal behavior and that the AIY interneuron class mediates this alteration in locomotory behavior. (
  • Krasne F.B., Wine J.J. (1977) Control of Crayfish Escape Behavior. (
  • Acute tryptophan depletion attenuated the inhibiting effect of aversive Pavlovian cues on instrumental behavior, while leaving unaltered the activating effect of appetitive Pavlovian cues. (
  • Third, however, proper application of rule-induction and set-shifting abilities requires the ability to monitor and interpret task cues and feedback signals appropriately to guide behavior and to recognize the need to apply rule-shift operations. (
  • Biomedical engineers at Duke University have demonstrated a method for controlling the phase separation of an emerging class of proteins to create artificial membrane-less organelles within human cells. (
  • Here, the role of close proximity of mineral to the proteins on mechanical behavior of the protein is investigated through steered molecular dynamics simulations. (
  • We have found in our previous work that the proximity of mineral influences the mechanical behavior of proteins [ 8 ]. (
  • And yet, as frustrating as it was for my ADHD body to stand in line and wait, I also knew that the experience was good for me to work on my self-control and not give in to the impulse to do something silly like yell at the cashier or the customer in front of me. (
  • Impulse control is something that everyone should be working on but especially those of us with ADHD. (
  • How to help students with impulse issues practice self-control? (
  • Impulse Control Behaviors in Parkinson's Disease: Drugs or Disease? (
  • Impulse control behaviors (ICB) are recognized as non-motor complications of dopaminergic medications in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). (
  • However, whether such pathways modulate feeding through direct synaptic control of AgRP neuron activity is unknown. (
  • The advance, similar to controlling how vinegar forms droplets within oil, creates opportunities for engineering synthetic structures to modulate existing cell functions or create entirely new behaviors within cells. (
  • Sexual orientation and courtship behavior in Drosophila are regulated by fruitless (fru), the first gene in a branch of the sex-determination hierarchy functioning specifically in the central nervous system (CNS). (
  • To isolate the neurons responsible for sensing food and initiating the complex feeding program in Drosophila , UMMS scientists had to develop a method of studying the behavior of freely moving flies while targeting and manipulating individual neurons. (
  • Comorbidity of Diabetes and Eating Disorders: Does diabetes control reflect disturbed eating behavior? (
  • OBJECTIVE This multicenter study was designed to explore the prevalence of clinical and subclinical eating disorders (EDs), the extent of intentional omission of insulin and oral antidiabetic agents, and its relationship to glycemic control in an inpatient and outpatient population of men and women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. (
  • The present study examined prevalence of eating disorders, body image issues, and weight control behaviors using a valid diagnostic measure. (
  • Robinson, A. H. and Safer, D. L. (2012), Moderators of dialectical behavior therapy for binge eating disorder: Results from a randomized controlled trial. (
  • Mathematical Control & Related Fields , 2018, 8 (1) : 135-153. (
  • On a measure of parent report of mealtime behaviors, parents of the children with CF rated mealtime behavior problems of "dawdles" and "refuses food" as more intense (mean, 3.46) than did the parents of control children (mean, 2.67). (
  • Behavior analytic research on rule-governed behavior was first gathered in this book in 1989. (
  • In 1995, Henry D. Schlinger, Jr. provided the first behavior analytic text since Bijou and Baer comprehensively showed how behavior analysis-a natural science approach to human behavior-could be used to understand existing research in child development. (
  • Contingent relationships are instrumental in the behavior analytic theory, because much emphasis is put on those actions that produce parents' responses. (
  • When behavior becomes habitual reaching a level they are unable to refrain engaging in it, becomes an addiction. (
  • We probed these temporal characteristics of habitual behaviors by intervening optogenetically in forebrain habit circuits as rats performed well-ingrained habitual runs in a T-maze. (
  • We trained rats to perform a maze habit, confirmed the habitual behavior by devaluation tests, and then, during the maze runs ( ca. 3 s), we disrupted population activity in a small region in the medial prefrontal cortex, the infralimbic cortex. (
  • In accordance with evidence that this region is necessary for the expression of habits, we found that this cortical disruption blocked habitual behavior. (
  • This sketch of the circuitry for habits and skilled habit-like behaviors opens key questions about how habitual behaviors are controlled on a moment-by-moment basis. (
  • This tool allowed us to examine not only the online contribution of cortical activity to the control of habitual behavior, but also, because of its unique repeatability, to track the effects of such brief, seconds-long manipulations over weeks of subsequent performance. (
  • The association between economic status and educational level with self-management behavior was measured by logistic regression methods. (
  • If it seems that your dog or cat is eating meals faster than necessary, and is behaving in an obsessive manner towards the food, there are some methods you can use to modify your pet's behavior. (
  • Behavior trees are visually intuitive and easy to design, test, and debug, and provide more modularity, scalability, and reusability than other behavior creation methods. (
  • W. A. Gruver and E. Sachs, Algorithmic Methods in Optimal Control volume 47 of Research Notes in Mathematics , Pitman (Advanced Publishing Program), Boston, Mass. -London, 1981. (
  • Altogether, the Tal1 cko mice recapitulate many features of the attention and hyperactivity disorders, suggesting a role for Tal1 regulated developmental pathways and neural structures in the control of motivation and movement. (
  • Research on fruit flies shows that some behaviors may be determined by molecules that act like annotators - highlighting genes to turn on and crossing out others to turn off. (
  • Both rover and sitter flies have their own unique "for" gene that makes them rover or sitter flies, but these recent findings show that those unique "for" genes don't actually determine behavior on their own. (
  • Can behavior be controlled by genes? (
  • Placing these genetically modified flies in a small temperature-controlled chamber, he was able to active these genes by increasing and decreasing the ambient temperature. (
  • In conjunction with high-precision micromirrors that can direct laser light to individual cells, the scientists were then able to stimulate -- using blue light -- or inhibit -- using green light -- behaviors such as locomotion and egg-laying. (
  • Mutant animals that lack G alpha o and transgenic animals that overexpress G alpha o [goa-1(xs) animals] have reciprocal defects in locomotion, feeding, and egg laying behaviors. (
  • Ben-Shahar was curious about the role newly discovered molecules called miRNAs might play in the control of behavior. (
  • The synthetic molecules made by our lab don't exactly look like rhamnolipids, but they can control bioactivities, such as swarming movements, surface adhesion and biofilm formation. (
  • If such a medical evaluation finds no reason for your son's behavior, evaluation should then proceed to the psychological domain. (
  • This proposal is grounded in a long history of psychological theory according to which there is a dichotomy of Pavlovian versus instrumental control of behavior. (
  • Aside from several nonpsychological factors capable of reducing cognition-behavior consistency, there seems to be a set of complex psychological mechanisms which intervene between action-related cognitions, such as beliefs, expectancies, values, and intentions,and the enactment of the be havior suggested by those cognitions. (
  • The present study was conducted to determine if female distance runners who report engaging in pathological food behaviors display the psychological characteristics of clinically diagnosed female eating-disordered patients. (
  • It is not enough to write out the consequences of the behavior you are trying to change. (
  • Others in the field have taken a top-down approach where they'll make a change to a natural IDP and see how its behavior changes within a cell," said Michael Dzuricky, a research scientist working in the Chilkoti laboratory and first author of the study. (
  • We were able to change temperatures in cells to develop a complete description of their phase behavior, which mirrored our test tube predictions," said Dzuricky. (
  • The GUI enables the operator to change control settings during simulations. (
  • Primary care physicians can talk to nonadherent patients in private about the importance of their medication, a method that has been shown to improve adherence and provide a lasting change in behavior. (
  • Within the tool itself, you may change the behavior for right click actions, middle click, dropping an icon or hovering your mouse over them, decide how thumbnails would appear, and choose how pinned items would work. (
  • A kinetic study using a hot fog chamber showed that condensation is controlled by both the diffusion and permanency of the surfactant more than by the change of the surface energy developed by the wetting agents. (
  • These findings challenge health professionals to develop programs which use personality and control beliefs constructively so they are sources of assistance rather than resistance to change. (
  • The QUERYTRACEON hint is available as a query hint that enables a plan-affecting change in the query optimizer that is controlled by a trace flag. (
  • Psychology may be seen as the explanation of behavior change. (
  • The women were randomly assigned to either a lifestyle-change intervention group or a control group. (
  • Findings inform efforts to better understand and control torpor in mice, other animal models and enable applications in humans. (
  • We humans can often assume that what sets us apart from animals is our regal ability to possess self-control and resist temptation to achieve what is good for us. (
  • A behavior tree is a mathematical model of plan execution used in computer science, robotics, control systems and video games. (
  • It quantifies the order of hierarchical complexity of a task based on explicit and mathematical measurements of behavior. (
  • It more often occurs in processes that are under feedback control, particularly if the controller is poorly tuned. (
  • This immediate toggling between breaking old habits and returning to them demonstrates that even semiautomatic behaviors are under cortical control and that this control occurs online, second by second. (
  • The foraging behavior occurs when one or several fixed targets is placed in the environment. (
  • While it's good to extend special understanding and accommodations those who need it, I've also come to believe strongly that no accommodation can ever replace the consistent, mindful practice of good old-fashioned self-control. (
  • When this ADHD symptom leads to self-destructive behaviors, good old fashioned will power is no use. (
  • To explore the association between economic status and educational level with self-management behavior (medication adherence, controlling body weight, reducing salt intake, performing physical exercise, reducing alcohol consumption, abstaining from smoking, increasing fruit and vegetable consumption) among hypertensive women in Ghana. (
  • The findings imply that socioeconomic factors may play important roles in women's adherence to blood pressure‐controlling behavior. (
  • Her lab will carry out precise bench-scale experiments in order to better understand the fundamental science that influences the behavior of these alloys. (
  • To explore the extent to which these different endogenous adaptive control abilities are differentially sensitive to the effect of aging, young and older (aged 62-83 yrs) adults were tested in 2 experiments using WCST-like tasks. (
  • On basis of the previous established model, neural network adaptive mechanism is introduced to the driver model which enables the driver to adjust the control online even at high speed non-linear area, reflecting a deeper understanding of the vehicle dynamic model. (
  • Adaptive decision-making involves interaction between systems regulating Pavlovian and instrumental control of behavior. (
  • Perseverative behavior and adaptive control in older adults: Performance monitoring, rule induction, and set shifting. (
  • This deficit may result from several types of endogenous adaptive control abilities. (
  • Many suffer from some form of compulsive behavior. (
  • Wikipedia defines compulsive behavior as performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to an actual reward or pleasure. (
  • Compulsive behaviors could be an attempt to make obsessions go away. (
  • Compulsive behaviors are a need to reduce apprehension caused by internal feelings a person wants to abstain from or control. (
  • Most behaviorists believe compulsive behavior is likely excessive activity not connected to the purpose it appears to be directed to. (
  • The only cure for compulsive behavior is insight into what drives that behavior. (
  • In compulsive behavior, the conscious mind is engaged in a losing battle with unconscious emotions. (
  • Compulsive behavior is also a feature of the obsessive-compulsive personality. (
  • Those prone to OCD are wide-open to a number of compulsive behaviors, such as being a workaholic, controlling addiction, compulsive overspending, hoarding, and extreme religious legalism. (
  • Compulsive over eaters need to gain insight into these emotional issues to gain control over their eating patterns. (
  • Both the gastrointestinal tract and the white fat cells are responsible for releasing hormone signals that are integrated with the hypothalamus and nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) to control feeding neural circuits. (
  • This chapter describes the role of neuropeptide and some essential peripheral hormones interacting in the hypothalamus toward controlling feeding behavior. (
  • At low speed linear range, off-line optimization based on genetic tuning is introduced into the model to get the optimal control parameters which is viewed as a basic understanding of the vehicle dynamic characteristics of a low skill level driver. (
  • Yehuda Ben-Shahar, PhD, assistant professor of biology in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, wondered if this highly stereotyped system of task allocation wasn't somehow under genetic control. (
  • Ben-Shahar chose the honeybee ( Apis mellifera ) as his model organism for the genetic control of behavior because the worker bees display such well-characterized division of labor. (
  • Among the major contributors to this disarrangement of the feeding control system are highly palatable and relatively cheap foods ubiquitously available and unfamiliar to our genetic repertoire. (
  • The women in the intervention group regularly met with nutritionists, exercise physiologists and psychologists, while women in the control group were offered occasional seminars over the study period focusing on general women's health. (
  • Using a suction-controlled triaxial apparatus for unsaturated soils, a series of tests on a compacted clay was performed to investigate the influences of stress states, water content, void ratio, and matric suction on the collapse behavior. (
  • The triaxial tests were carried out under the conditions of (1) different stress ratios and mean stresses, (2) triaxial compression and extension, (3) different initial void ratios of specimens with the same water content, (4) different initial water contents with the same degree of compaction, and (5) different controlled matric suctions. (
  • The dissertation focuses on LFD where a human teacher demonstrates a behavior by controlling the robot via teleoperation. (
  • The findings suggest that neither EDs nor insulin omission are necessarily associated with poor control of glycemia. (
  • Findings indicated that Internal and Chance (but not Powerful Others) control beliefs were correlated with the personality factors. (
  • Findings indicated that Conscientiousness and Agreeableness were two of the most important elements of personality in predicting health behavior. (
  • These findings indicate that structured play is an equally effective alternative way to manage difficult behavior in preschoolers and compliments our current treatment options. (
  • Behavior recognition is an important part of LFD, both as a way to communicate with the human user and as a technique that allows the robot to use previous knowledge as parts of new, more complex, controllers. (
  • My client who had a habit of getting angry with important people in his life, and who insulted them to their faces, realized how destructive his behavior was. (
  • It is now understood these regions play an important, previously unrecognized role in controlling various cellular functions. (
  • Your focus of attention is controlled by whatever is most important to you, and even if you are trying to deal with two or more possible events at the same time, your focus of attention at any moment tends to be on one or the other, not on both. (
  • Identifying correlates of health behavior is an important step both for understanding and modifying health behavior. (
  • We found that some important behaviors differ for long-term versus short-term weight control among women in their 50s and 60s, who are already at higher risk for weight gain. (
  • For swarm applications in the nano-medical field, developing collective behaviors that use extremely simple controllers and sensors is especially important if these behaviors have a hope of being implemented on nano-robots. (
  • Rendezvous is an important behavior for swarms because it sets the stage for more complicated behaviors by assembling a group of robots to a specific desired location. (