The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Sexual activities of humans.
Sexual activities of animals.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.
Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.
Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.
The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An act which constitutes the termination of a given instinctive behavior pattern or sequence.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Innate response elicited by sensory stimuli associated with a threatening situation, or actual confrontation with an enemy.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.
Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
Sexual union of a male and a female in non-human species.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Activities performed to obtain licit or illicit substances.
Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The interactions between parent and child.
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
How information is gathered in personal, academic or work environments and the resources used.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.
Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Interaction between a mother and child.
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
Sounds used in animal communication.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.
Activities designed to attract the attention or favors of another.
Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
The selection of one food over another.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
Female parents, human or animal.
The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
A disorder characterized by episodes of vigorous and often violent motor activity during REM sleep (SLEEP, REM). The affected individual may inflict self injury or harm others, and is difficult to awaken from this condition. Episodes are usually followed by a vivid recollection of a dream that is consistent with the aggressive behavior. This condition primarily affects adult males. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p393)
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
What a person has in mind to do or bring about.
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The act of injuring one's own body to the extent of cutting off or permanently destroying a limb or other essential part of a body.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.
A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.
Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
Sexual attraction or relationship between males.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Educational institutions.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Collection of pleomorphic cells in the caudal part of the anterior horn of the LATERAL VENTRICLE, in the region of the OLFACTORY TUBERCLE, lying between the head of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE. It is part of the so-called VENTRAL STRIATUM, a composite structure considered part of the BASAL GANGLIA.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.
The consumption of edible substances.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
The teaching or training of those individuals with subnormal intellectual functioning.
A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Motor behavior that is repetitive, often seemingly driven, and nonfunctional. This behavior markedly interferes with normal activities or results in severe bodily self-injury. The behavior is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition. (DSM-IV, 1994)
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The act of killing oneself.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Relationship between individuals when one individual threatens or becomes aggressive and the other individual remains passive or attempts to escape.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A practice whereby tokens representing money, toys, candy, etc., are given as secondary reinforcers contingent upon certain desired behaviors or performances.
Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
An induced response to threatening stimuli characterized by complete loss of muscle strength.
Observable manifestations of impaired psychological functioning.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Any enhancement of a motivated behavior in which individuals do the same thing with some degree of mutual stimulation and consequent coordination.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)

Effect of morphine and naloxone on priming-induced audiogenic seizures in BALB/c mice. (1/16705)

1 Morphine (1-200 mg/kg s.c.) reduced the incidence and prolonged the latency of priming-induced audiogenic siezures in a dose-dependent manner. 2 This effect was reversed by naloxone (1 and 2 mg/kg) although naloxone was itself inactive. 3 This priming-induces seizure model may be useful in the study of tolerance and physical dependence.  (+info)

A review of the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and behavioral effects of procaine in thoroughbred horses. (2/16705)

Since procaine has both local anaesthetic and central stimulant actions its presence in the blood or urine of racing horses is forbidden. After rapid intravenous injection of procaine HC1 (2.5 mg/Kg) in thoroughbred mares plasma levels of this drug fell rapidly (t 1/2 alpha = 5 min) and then more slowly (t 1/2 beta = 50.2 min). These kinetics were well fitted by a two compartment open model (Model I). This model gave an apparent Vdbeta for procaine in the horse of about 3,500 litres. Since procaine was about 45% bound to equine plasma protein this gives a true Vdbeta for procaine of about 6,500 litres. After subcutaneous injection of procaine HC1 (3.3 mg/Kg) plasma levels peaked at about 400 ng/ml and then declined with a half-life of about 75 minutes. These data were well fitted by Model I when this was modified to include simple first order absorption (K = 0.048 min-1) from the subcutaneous injection site (Model II). After intramuscular injection of procaine penicillin (33,000 I.U./Kg) plasma levels reached a peak at about 270 ng/ml and then declined with a half-life of about 9 hours. These data were approximately fitted by Model II assuming a first order rate constant for absorption of procaine of 0.0024 min-1. After intramuscular injection of procaine HC1 (10 mg/Kg) plasma levels of procaine peaked rapidly at about 600 ng/ml but thereafter declined slowly (+ 1/2 = 2 hours). A satisfactory pharmaco-kinetic model for this intramuscular data could not be developed. An approximation of these data was obtained by assuming the existence of two intramuscular drug compartments, one containing readily absorbable drug and the other poorly absorbable drug (Model III). After intra-articular administration of procaine (0.33 mg/Kg) plasma levels of this drug reached a peak at about 17 ng/ml and then declined with a half-life of about 2 hours. These data were not modelled.  (+info)

A genetic model of substrate deprivation therapy for a glycosphingolipid storage disorder. (3/16705)

Inherited defects in the degradation of glycosphingolipids (GSLs) cause a group of severe diseases known as GSL storage disorders. There are currently no effective treatments for the majority of these disorders. We have explored a new treatment paradigm, substrate deprivation therapy, by constructing a genetic model in mice. Sandhoff's disease mice, which abnormally accumulate GSLs, were bred with mice that were blocked in their synthesis of GSLs. The mice with simultaneous defects in GSL synthesis and degradation no longer accumulated GSLs, had improved neurologic function, and had a much longer life span. However, these mice eventually developed a late-onset neurologic disease because of accumulation of another class of substrate, oligosaccharides. The results support the validity of the substrate deprivation therapy and also highlight some limitations.  (+info)

Competitive mechanisms subserve attention in macaque areas V2 and V4. (4/16705)

It is well established that attention modulates visual processing in extrastriate cortex. However, the underlying neural mechanisms are unknown. A consistent observation is that attention has its greatest impact on neuronal responses when multiple stimuli appear together within a cell's receptive field. One way to explain this is to assume that multiple stimuli activate competing populations of neurons and that attention biases this competition in favor of the attended stimulus. In the absence of competing stimuli, there is no competition to be resolved. Accordingly, attention has a more limited effect on the neuronal response to a single stimulus. To test this interpretation, we measured the responses of neurons in macaque areas V2 and V4 using a behavioral paradigm that allowed us to isolate automatic sensory processing mechanisms from attentional effects. First, we measured each cell's response to a single stimulus presented alone inside the receptive field or paired with a second receptive field stimulus, while the monkey attended to a location outside the receptive field. Adding the second stimulus typically caused the neuron's response to move toward the response that was elicited by the second stimulus alone. Then, we directed the monkey's attention to one element of the pair. This drove the neuron's response toward the response elicited when the attended stimulus appeared alone. These findings are consistent with the idea that attention biases competitive interactions among neurons, causing them to respond primarily to the attended stimulus. A quantitative neural model of attention is proposed to account for these results.  (+info)

Neural changes after operant conditioning of the aerial respiratory behavior in Lymnaea stagnalis. (5/16705)

In this study, we demonstrate neural changes that occurred during operant conditioning of the aerial respiratory behavior of Lymnaea stagnalis. Aerial respiration in Lymnaea occurs at the water interface and is achieved by opening and closing movements of its respiratory orifice, the pneumostome. This behavior is controlled by a central pattern generator (CPG), the neurons of which, as well as the motoneurons innervating the pneumostome, have previously been identified and their synaptic connections well characterized. The respiratory behavior was operantly conditioned by applying a mechanical stimulus to the open pneumostome whenever the animal attempted to breathe. This negative reinforcement to the open pneumostome resulted in its immediate closure and a significant reduction in the overall respiratory activity. Electrophysiological recordings from the isolated CNSs after operant conditioning showed that the spontaneous patterned respiratory activity of the CPG neurons was significantly reduced. This included reduced spontaneous activity of the CPG interneuron involved in pneumostome opening (input 3 interneuron) and a reduced frequency of spontaneous tonic activity of the CPG interneuron [right pedal dorsal 1 (RPeD1)]. The ability to trigger the patterned respiratory activity by electrical stimulation of RPeD1 was also significantly reduced after operant conditioning. This study therefore demonstrates significant changes within a CPG that are associated with changes in a rhythmic homeostatic behavior after operant conditioning.  (+info)

Neural encoding in orbitofrontal cortex and basolateral amygdala during olfactory discrimination learning. (6/16705)

Orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is part of a network of structures involved in adaptive behavior and decision making. Interconnections between OFC and basolateral amygdala (ABL) may be critical for encoding the motivational significance of stimuli used to guide behavior. Indeed, much research indicates that neurons in OFC and ABL fire selectively to cues based on their associative significance. In the current study recordings were made in each region within a behavioral paradigm that allowed comparison of the development of associative encoding over the course of learning. In each recording session, rats were presented with novel odors that were informative about the outcome of making a response and had to learn to withhold a response after sampling an odor that signaled a negative outcome. In some cases, reversal training was performed in the same session as the initial learning. Ninety-six of the 328 neurons recorded in OFC and 60 of the 229 neurons recorded in ABL exhibited selective activity during evaluation of the odor cues after learning had occurred. A substantial proportion of those neurons in ABL developed selective activity very early in training, and many reversed selectivity rapidly after reversal. In contrast, those neurons in OFC rarely exhibited selective activity during odor evaluation before the rats reached the criterion for learning, and far fewer reversed selectivity after reversal. The findings support a model in which ABL encodes the motivational significance of cues and OFC uses this information in the selection and execution of an appropriate behavioral strategy.  (+info)

Complete compensation in skilled reaching success with associated impairments in limb synergies, after dorsal column lesion in the rat. (7/16705)

Each of the dorsal columns of the rat spinal cord conveys primary sensory information, by way of the medullary dorsal column nucleus, to the ventrobasal thalamus on the contralateral side; thus the dorsal columns are an important source of neural input to the sensorimotor cortex. Damage to the dorsal columns causes impairments in synergistic proximal or whole-body movements in cats and distal limb impairments in primates, particularly in multiarticulated finger movements and tactile foviation while handling objects, but the behavioral effects of afferent fiber lesions in the dorsal columns of rodents have not been described. Female Long-Evans rats were trained to reach with a forelimb for food pellets and subsequently received lesions of the dorsomedial spinal cord at the C2 level, ipsilateral to their preferred limb. Reaching success completely recovered within a few days of dorsal column lesion. Nevertheless, a detailed analysis of high-speed video recordings revealed that rotatory limb movements (aiming, pronation, supination, etc.) were irreversibly impaired. Compensation was achieved with whole-body and alternate limb movements. These results indicate the following: (1) in the absence of the dorsal columns, other sensorimotor pathways support endpoint success in reaching; (2) sensory input conveyed by the dorsal columns is important for both proximal and distal limb movements used for skilled reaching; and (3) detailed behavioral analyses in addition to endpoint measures are necessary to completely describe the effects of dorsal column lesions.  (+info)

High-linoleate and high-alpha-linolenate diets affect learning ability and natural behavior in SAMR1 mice. (8/16705)

Semipurified diets incorporating either perilla oil [high in alpha-linolenate, 18:3(n-3)] or safflower oil [high in linoleate, 18:2(n-6)] were fed to senescence-resistant SAMR1 mouse dams and their pups. Male offspring at 15 mo were examined using behavioral tests. In the open field test, locomotor activity during a 5-min period was significantly higher in the safflower oil group than in the perilla oil group. Observations of the circadian rhythm (48 h) of spontaneous motor activity indicated that the safflower oil group was more active than the perilla oil group during the first and second dark periods. The total number of responses to positive and negative stimuli was higher in the safflower oil group than in the perilla oil group in the light and dark discrimination learning test, but the correct response ratio was lower in the safflower oil group. The difference in the (n-6)/(n-3) ratios of the diets reflected the proportions of (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids, rather than those of (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in the brain total fatty acids, and in the proportions of (n-6) and (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in the total polyunsaturated fatty acids of the brain phospholipids. These results suggest that in SAMR1 mice, the dietary alpha-linolenate/linoleate balance affects the (n-6)/(n-3) ratio of brain phospholipids, and this may modify emotional reactivity and learning ability.  (+info)

Comparative Animal Behavior meets the need for a student friendly and comprehensive text in the rapidly expanding field of animal behavior. It achieves a good balance between recent, hot research and classic studies of animal behavior, in an organized and engaging manner. Comparative Animal Behavior surpasses other texts in its coverage of the rapidly developing area of evolutionary psychology and differs from standard texts in its organizational approach which is designed to draw students into the material in a way that no other animal behavior textbook does. Brief, rather than extensive, discussions of history are presented throughout the text to hold students interest. The amount of material integrating psychological and biological approaches surpasses the competition. Comparative Animal Behavior also responds to recent shifts in research and theoretical interests by providing current information in the areas of animal learning and cognition, parasitism, and mutualism. Maier describes his book as a
Burnett, Stephanie, Sebastian, Catherine, Cohen Kadosh, Kathrin and Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne (2011) The social brain in adolescence: Evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging and behavioural studies ...
Mardikar, B.R., A.L. Moholkar and G.V. Joglekar (1973) A report on the behavioural studies in albino mice with berberine sulphate. [Publication] Full text not available from this repository ...
Abnormal versus Normal Behavior,what are the criteria for abnormal behavior.A classification scheme of normal behavior must be developed, and normative data
Dive into the research topics of Time course of the antipsychotic effect and the underlying behavioral mechanisms. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Year 2005 the Swedish Armed Forces Dog Instruction Centre, SAFDIC, started a breeding program of German Shepherds in Sollefte . Every year the SAFDIC is expected to deliver at least 50 dogs with the right temperament either to be trained to become a military dog or a breeding dog and there is a need for about 70 police dogs. The dogs that are bred at the kennel of the SAFDIC are raised by volunteers (also called puppy raisers) from the age of eight weeks until they do a standardised behaviour test the behavioural test, at an age of 15 to 18 month. During the time of the stay at the puppy raisers there are three available meetings for the puppy raisers with consultants (which are working for the SAFDIC) to get information from the SAFDIC. If a dog passes the behavioural test they will either be trained by the Swedish Armed Forces for 8-10 months or become a part of the breeding program. The behavioural tests are conducted at five different places; spread across Sweden, with the same test leader ...
Animal Behavior Assignment Help Online, Animal Behavior Project and homework Help Get the Scoop on Animal Behavior Before Youre Too Late Virtually all kinds of behavior performed by means of an animal might be the topic of study. Freque
Innate Behavior: Reflexes, Kineses and Taxes - Video & Lesson … Innate behaviors (article) , Animal behavior , Khan Academy Some organisms perform innate kinesis, undirected change in movement, and taxis, directed change in movement, behaviors in response to stimuli. Fixed action patterns consist of a series of actions triggered by a key stimulus. Innate … ...
This book contains a wide range of information of huge complexity on rat behavior. The book has three objectives. The first objective is to present an introduction of rat behavior. In choosing the rat as the subject species, the book has made the assumption that this species will remain, as it has in the past, the primary subject used the laboratory investigations of behavior. The second objective is to describe the organization and complexity of rat behavior. The major theme emerging from many lines of research on rat behavior is that understanding the rules of behavioral organization will be central in understanding the structural basis of behavior. The third objective is to update, as much as is possible, previous compendiums of rat behavior. Behavioral neuroscience continues to be a diverse field of research in which there remain many competing experimental methods and hypotheses. The behavioral descriptions in this book are closely tied to the laboratory methods from which they were derived, thus
This book contains a wide range of information of huge complexity on rat behavior. The book has three objectives. The first objective is to present an introduction of rat behavior. In choosing the rat as the subject species, the book has made the assumption that this species will remain, as it has in the past, the primary subject used the laboratory investigations of behavior. The second objective is to describe the organization and complexity of rat behavior. The major theme emerging from many lines of research on rat behavior is that understanding the rules of behavioral organization will be central in understanding the structural basis of behavior. The third objective is to update, as much as is possible, previous compendiums of rat behavior. Behavioral neuroscience continues to be a diverse field of research in which there remain many competing experimental methods and hypotheses. The behavioral descriptions in this book are closely tied to the laboratory methods from which they were derived, thus
Behavioral interactions such as dominance are critical components of animal social lives, competitive abilities, and resulting distribution patterns with c
animal behavior - What Is Behavior? - Simply defined, animal behavior is anything an animal does-its feeding habits, its reproductive actions, the way it rears its young, and a host of other activities. Behavior is always an organized action. It is the whole animals adjustment to changes inside its body or in its surroundings.The group activities of animals are an important aspect of animal behavior. Bees, for example, communicate with each other about food, and birds may flock during migratory flights.…
This course represents a capstone requirement and experiential learning opportunity; it teaches students the ways and means of exploring animal behaviour and understanding the intricacies of animal interactions with and within their natural environment. Conducted initially in a wildlife sanctuary in Sabah, Malaysia, and currently at two field sites in South Africa, this course exposes students to research-in-making with hands-on participation in field studies of animal behaviour and behavioural ecology. It teaches students how to build a conceptual framework for investigating animal behaviour and how to put this framework into a practice of collecting, processing, and analysing data. ...
There is a growing amount of research demonstrating that adequate quality and quantity of sleep is closely related to improved health and behavioral outcomes in children. Getting enough sleep makes children healthier and parents happier. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommends behavioral treatment for insomnia in children. Behavioral methods are quite effective. According to a recent review of behavioral methods to treat insomnia (SLEEP, Vol. 29, No. 10, 2006), more than 80 percent of children … Read More. ...
The Small Animal Behavior Core (SABC) at Augusta University is a state-of-the art facility designed to serve as a time-efficient and cost-effective service for researchers in need of behavioral analyses in small animals (specifically, mice and rats). The Core provides expertise in all aspects related to the design and implementation of behavioral experiments as well as data analysis and interpretation. The core is fully equipped to accommodate a full battery of behavioral tests relevant to learning and memory, sensory gating, place/fear conditioning, motor function, nociception, and anxiety-related behaviors, etc. We ask that whenever possible, all clients acknowledge the Small Animal Behavior Core in published manuscripts ...
The Animal Behavior Center is pleased to present the 4th annual Animal Training, Behavior and Health Seminar. The October event features hands-on workshops and lectures from industry leaders on the science of Applied Behavior Analysis, training, nutrition, health and enrichment. Additionally, we will be offering tours of the facility. Zoo professionals, veterinarians and companion animal lovers alike will find benefit from this educational event. When we know better, we do better! The seminar features industry professionals and the presentation of live education animals inside the centers unique facility-a 10,000 sq. ft. former greenhouse, converted into a free-flight animal enrichment and educational center. Attendees will learn about some of the animal behavior, training and health issues that can present during the life of the animal through hands-on workshops, lectures from industry leaders and tours of the facility. Speaker bios can be found here: ...
Help a local zoo design better enrichment programs for the animals that live there. Learn how great apes think by talking to one with a 3,000-word English vocabulary. Publish research on how birds learn and perceive their environment. Conduct primate conservation research with your seminar class in Uganda. These are just a few of the experiences you can have as part of the Comparative Animal Behavior concentration at Drake University.. You will study the science behind animal behavior, looking not just at how animals behave but why they behave as they do. Topics of study include evolution, neuroscience, psychology, and much more.. Youll be able to engage in significant experiential learning with multiple species. Some of these experiences and internships are made possible through local resources including Drakes existing laboratories; the range of animal species at Des Moines Blank Park Zoo; Iowas naturally diverse farm animal and wildlife populations; and the Ape Cognition & Conservation ...
This course, which is prescribed for level 1 students and optional for level 2 students, is studied entirely online and covers topics relating to careers and employability, equality and diversity and health, safety and wellbeing. During the course you will learn about the Aberdeen Graduate Attributes, how they are relevant to you and the opportunities available to develop your skills and attributes alongside your University studies. You will also gain an understanding of equality and diversity and health, safety and wellbeing issues. Successful completion of this course will be recorded on your Enhanced Transcript as Achieved (non-completion will be recorded as Not Achieved). The course takes approximately 3 hours to complete and can be taken in one sitting, or spread across a number of weeks and it will be available to you throughout the academic year.This course, which is prescribed for level 1 students and optional for level 2 students and above, is studied entirely online and covers ...
There might be a role of the motivation in what obtain individuals attention, importance, confidence or satisfaction in an individual situation. Also, it is possible that there is a role of the motivation in what heightens Individual Behavior will, the nature of his goals, eagerness for success or fail, furthermore what is considered suitable identification for gaining achievement. As this kind of motivation is not static, it might change as some other motivation adapt to the Individual circumstance.. Many studies have been conducted on Individual behavior to learn during the past decades. There is also a growing body of experimental proposals on Individual behaviors into the UAE society. However, none of these studies specifically addressed any culturally different variables that might affect such individuals motivation or its change as an Individual becomes familiarized to the social environment. Further, most previous studies on local individual behaviors were conducted in Western higher ...
Starring Jim Wiliams and Mike Finland, Animal Behavior is the story of Tugger and Ripper. Two seemingly normal house cats. But Tugger has a plan. Hes in love with his owners girlfriend. And to get her love he can only find one solutions. World domination. And it starts at home. He ropes his kitten brother Ripper into doing away with their owner Jon by hatching traps, and pranks that may cause his demise. Once Jons gone they can live with his girlfriend and then take over the world from there. But nothing goes as planned and the world just isnt ready for two cats to run it! If youre a fan of Looney Tunes and The Muppets then Elmwood Productions Animal Behavior is right up your alley! ...
Buy, download and read Animal Behavior Desk Reference ebook online in PDF format for iPhone, iPad, Android, Computer and Mobile readers. Author: Edward M. Barrows. ISBN: 9781420039474. Publisher: CRC Press. Revised and updated, containing over 5,000 entries, with over 1,100 more entries than in the previous edition, Animal Behavior Desk Reference, Second Edition: A Dictionary of Behavior, Ecology, and Ev
Find helpful learner reviews, feedback, and ratings for Animal Behaviour and Welfare from The University of Edinburgh. Read stories and highlights from Coursera learners who completed Animal Behaviour and Welfare and wanted to share their experience. This course was very informative and interesting! I enjoyed the lectures as well as the instructors ...
Find helpful learner reviews, feedback, and ratings for Animal Behaviour and Welfare from The University of Edinburgh. Read stories and highlights from Coursera learners who completed Animal Behaviour and Welfare and wanted to share their experience. This course was very informative and interesting! I enjoyed the lectures as well as the instructors ...
Build your Life Science Libraries with books about animals behavior. Titles in the Animal Behavior Collection:* Title Author Almost Gone Steve Jenkins Amazing Dolphins Sarah Thomson Animal Dads Steve Jenkins Animals in Flight Steve Jenkins Animals on the Go Jessica Brett Big Tracks, Little Tracks Millicent E. Selsam
WE ARE DEDICATED to helping others experience the same joy we share with our own pets. CattleDog Publishing takes scientific principles of animal behavior and creates practical applications that are easy to understand and accessible for everyday use. Our understanding and knowledge, and thus our training and teaching techniques, are always evolving. They allow us to create unique educational materials to empower both pet-care professionals and pet owners. Our insight into the animals point of view and awareness of how all our interactions affect them allows us and our pets to have fun and enjoy life together every day.. ...
Animal Behavior Desk Reference: A Dictionary of Animal Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution. By Edward M. Burrows and published by Taylor & Francis in 2011, this is the Third Edition. This volume is located in the Cary Veterinary Medical Library under call number QL 750.3 .B37 2011.. ...
The GABAA receptor mediates fast, inhibitory signaling, and cortical expression of the α1 subunit increases during postnatal development. Certain pathological stimuli such as stressors or prenatal cocaine exposure can interfere with this process, but causal relationships between GABAA α1 deficiency and complex behavioral outcomes remain unconfirmed. We chronically reduced GABAA α1 expression selectively in the medial prefrontal cortex (prelimbic subregion) of mice using viral-mediated gene silencing of Gabra1. Adolescent-onset Gabra1 knockdown delayed the acquisition of a cocaine-reinforced instrumental response but spared cocaine seeking in extinction and in a cue-induced reinstatement procedure. To determine whether response acquisition deficits could be associated with impairments in action-outcome associative learning and memory, we next assessed behavioral sensitivity to instrumental contingency degradation. In this case, the predictive relationship between familiar actions and their ...
The GABAA receptor mediates fast, inhibitory signaling, and cortical expression of the α1 subunit increases during postnatal development. Certain pathological stimuli such as stressors or prenatal cocaine exposure can interfere with this process, but causal relationships between GABAA α1 deficiency and complex behavioral outcomes remain unconfirmed. We chronically reduced GABAA α1 expression selectively in the medial prefrontal cortex (prelimbic subregion) of mice using viral-mediated gene silencing of Gabra1. Adolescent-onset Gabra1 knockdown delayed the acquisition of a cocaine-reinforced instrumental response but spared cocaine seeking in extinction and in a cue-induced reinstatement procedure. To determine whether response acquisition deficits could be associated with impairments in action-outcome associative learning and memory, we next assessed behavioral sensitivity to instrumental contingency degradation. In this case, the predictive relationship between familiar actions and their ...
The process of diagnosing mental illness is generally finding the way in which the sufferer has deviated from what is considered to be normal behaviour. The cure is then manipulating the sufferers symptoms in such a way that they return to compliance of, perceived, normal behaviour, or at least appear to. Normal behaviour is, in…
Using detailed individual-based tracking of free-swimming stickleback shoals, we found that groups changed their behaviour considerably depending on the environment. In an open context without food or cover, groups tended to move at a moderate speed, had high alignment and were relatively cohesive. The addition of food led groups to move more slowly while becoming less cohesive and less aligned. Finally, an environment with both food and plant cover resulted in often only subsets of fish to emerge that were generally more cohesive and well aligned. However, adapting the statistical framework used in the animal personality literature [37,38] to investigate consistent behavioural differences at the level of the group, we demonstrate that groups had consistent behavioural differences that persisted not only within but also across different contexts: some groups were consistently faster, more cohesive, more aligned and/or exhibited clearer leadership structure than other groups. These differences ...
Morphological screening of mouse brains with known behavioural deficits can give great insight into the relationship between brain regions and their behaviour. Oxytocin- and CD38-deficient mice have previously been shown to have behavioural phenotypes, such as restrictions in social memory, social interactions, and maternal behaviour. CD38 is reported as an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) candidate gene and these behavioural phenotypes may be linked to ASD. To address whether these behavioural phenotypes relate to brain pathology and neuronal morphology, here we investigate the morphological changes in the CD38-deficient mice brains, with focus on the pathology and neuronal morphology of the cortex and hippocampus, using Nissl staining, immunohistochemistry, and Golgi staining ...
The core validates all assays; allows for testing of pharmacological or other manipulations to study disease models; incorporates necropsy endpoints to behavioral assays as needed; and provides guidance on interpretation and analysis of data. Investigators can use the facility to look at a variety of sensory, motor, and cognitive indicators, which can signal differences in the underlying physiology of the animal model. The facility also has the ability to execute behavioral studies requested via a fee-for-service or via collaborative efforts, provide behavioral training and advise in behavioral experimental design and questions. In addition to providing behavioral assays, the core helps train graduate students and postdoctoral researchers on the implementation of sound experimental design for behavioral studies and to use specific equipment ...
The present work defends the idea that grammatical categories are not intrinsic to mergeable items, taking as a departure point Lennebergs (1967, 1975) claim that syntactic objects are definable only contextually. It is argued that there are four different strands of inquiry that are of interest when one seeks to build an evolutionarily plausible theory of labels and operation Label: (i) linguistic constraints on adjacent elements of the same type such as Repetition/Identity Avoidance ([*XX]), (ii) data that flout these constraints ([XX]), (iii) disorders that raise questions as to whether the locus of impairment is a categorial feature per se, and (iv) operation Label as a candidate for human uniqueness. After discussing categorial identity through these perspectives, this work first traces the origins and manifestations of Identity Avoidance in language and other domains of human cognition, with emphasis on attention orienting. Second, it proposes a new processing principle, the Novel ...
The American Humane Association has created a new Animal Training and Behavior Committee, enlisting the help of representatives of major national organizations and key opinion leaders in the field of animal behavior and training. The committee hopes to gather a consensus among animal trainers and behavior specialists about the most effective reward-based training methods.. In this era of TV dog training, science and common sense often go out the window, says committee member Marjie Alonso, president of the International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants. Everything we say will be provable. We can say, here are the studies to back it up.. Recent scientific research has dispelled many conventional ideas about animal behavior, and the committee hopes to spread this knowledge to the general public through projects like expanding the American Humane Animal Behavior Resources Institute Online, a valuable resource for animal professionals and pet owners.. Dogs and humans equally benefit ...
SS information coding and behavioral activity. (A) Schematic illustrations of good (upper left panel) and poor (upper right panel) SS information coding associa
This module takes an evolutionary approach to the study of animal behaviour, with the aim of stimulating a questioning approach to the observation of the natural world. We will observe spectacular, subtle or sometimes surprising behaviours to investigate how animals across a range of taxa increase their chances of survival and reproduction. We will also consider the role of the environment and genes in shaping behaviour, and investigate how social interactions affect individual behavioural decisions. Using practical studies on shore crabs and guppies, we will conduct our own research on animal behaviour, and this will be underpinned by theory which will be introduced in lectures. The module aims to enable students to learn key concepts in behavioural research, and to provide a foundation for developing their own specialist interest in the third year module Advances in Animal Behaviour (BNS-3004). By the end of the module, we would expect students to be able to:- o Explain how evolutionary ...
This module takes an evolutionary approach to the study of animal behaviour, with the aim of stimulating a questioning approach to the observation of the natural world. We will observe spectacular, subtle or sometimes surprising behaviours to investigate how animals across a range of taxa increase their chances of survival and reproduction. We will also consider the role of the environment and genes in shaping behaviour, and investigate how social interactions affect individual behavioural decisions. Using practical studies on shore crabs and guppies, we will conduct our own research on animal behaviour, and this will be underpinned by theory which will be introduced in lectures. The module aims to enable students to learn key concepts in behavioural research, and to provide a foundation for developing their own specialist interest in the third year module Advances in Animal Behaviour (BNS-3004). By the end of the module, we would expect students to be able to:- o Explain how evolutionary ...
Abstract Understanding collective action in biological processes is a central challenge, essential for achieving progress in a variety of fields ranging from the organization and evolution of neural decision-making circuits, to the coordinated communication among cells, or animals, to the dynamics of information exchange among sophisticated organisms, and the emergence of complex societies. Consequently the study of collective behavior naturally spans scales, from how neural circuits control individual behavior, to the analogous issue of determining the structure and function of the communication network among organisms that gives rise to emergent group, and population-level, behavior. Insights and paradigms from the study of collective behavior help reveal unifying principles, as well as important differences, across scales of biological organization.. We seek PhD candidates for both experimental and theoretical projects investigating collective behavior in invertebrates (e.g. ants, locusts) or ...
Given the choice, no animal would choose to live an unnatural life of captivity, regardless of the kindness of the treatment and no animal would choose a life that allows none of their natural behaviour. Certainly animals would not choose to be taken from their families to be obliged to amuse us. Circus animals spend months travelling in small, bare cages. The stress of continued confinement as well as the transportation result in long term suffering and a lack of appropriate social interaction, reduction in time spent foraging and the restricted freedom to perform natural behaviours represent stressors for captive animals. A natural environments cannot be recreated in a circuses due to the traveling, with inadequate acommodation and exercise areas and forced movement, handling by humans,, noise along with the confinement results in both short-term as well as long-term behavioural and psychological effects. ...
A new cell culture platform allows researchers to observe never-before-seen behaviors of live cancer cells under the microscope, leading to explanations of long-known cancer characteristics.
b. Behavioral Phenotyping Core - Co-Directors: Laura Ranum and Mark Thomas Overview and Significance: Necessity of Core: Over the past few years, the need for a...
TY - GEN. T1 - Probabilistic Analysis of Temporal and Sequential Aspects of Activities of Daily Living for Abnormal Behaviour Detection. AU - Konios, Alexandros. AU - Garcia-Constantino, Matias. AU - Christopoulos, Stavros. AU - Mustafa, Mustafa. AU - Ekerete, Idongesit. AU - Shewell, Colin. AU - Nugent, Chris. AU - Morrison, Gareth. N1 - Conference code: 16. PY - 2020/4/9. Y1 - 2020/4/9. N2 - This paper presents a probabilistic approach for the identification of abnormal behaviour in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) from dense sensor data collected from 30 participants. The ADLs considered are related to preparing and drinking (i) tea, and (ii) coffee. Abnormal behaviour identified in the context of these activities can be an indicator of a progressive health problem or the occurrence of a hazardous incident.The approach presented considers the temporal and sequential aspects of the actions that are part of each ADL and that vary between participants.The average and standard deviation for the ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Probabilistic Analysis of Abnormal Behaviour Detection in Activities of Daily Living. AU - Garcia-Constantino, Matias. AU - Konios, Alexandros. AU - Ekerete, Idongesit. AU - Christopoulos, Stavros. AU - Shewell, Colin. AU - Nugent, CD. AU - Morrison, Gareth. PY - 2019/3/1. Y1 - 2019/3/1. N2 - This paper presents a probabilistic approach for the identification of abnormal behaviour in Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) from sensor data collected from 30 participants. The ADLs considered are: (i) preparing and drinking tea, and (ii) preparing and drinking coffee. Abnormal behaviour identified in the context of these activities can be an indicator of a progressive health problem or the occurrence of a hazardous incident. The approach presented considers the temporal aspect of the sequences of actions that are part of each ADL and that vary between participants. The average and standard deviation for the durations of each action were calculated to define an average time and a range in ...
A review of ethical concepts related to our use of animals and their welfare. Discussion of problems in the definition of welfare and the design of welfare assessment schemes. Evaluation of the relative roles of behavioural and physiological measurements in the assessment of welfare, including the links between behavioural and physiological measures used in the assessment of stress and pain. Human-animal interactions and their effects on animal performance. Learning theory and its applications in the training of animals and the correction of behavioural problems. Preference tests and their design and interpretation. `Natural behaviour?, changes in behavior during domestication and their relationship to trainability and welfare. Temperament tests and their applications. Genetic selection for behavioural traits. Abnormal behaviours and their treatment. ...
A review of ethical concepts related to our use of animals and their welfare. Discussion of problems in the definition of welfare and the design of welfare assessment schemes. Evaluation of the relative roles of behavioural and physiological measurements in the assessment of welfare, including the links between behavioural and physiological measures used in the assessment of stress and pain. Human-animal interactions and their effects on animal performance. Learning theory and its applications in the training of animals and the correction of behavioural problems. Preference tests and their design and interpretation. `Natural behaviour?, changes in behavior during domestication and their relationship to trainability and welfare. Temperament tests and their applications. Genetic selection for behavioural traits. Abnormal behaviours and their treatment. ...
Enriching your pets daily life starts with supporting natural behaviors such as exploring, playing, hiding, and chewing. Oxbow Enriched Life is designed with these natural behaviors in mind and is constructed from 100% pet-safe materials, allowing you to nurture your pets mind and body is safe and fun ways every day.
Women live longer than men almost anywhere in the world. The question is whether this is due primarily to behavioural differences and social factors, or whether biological factors also play a role. To better understand the female survival advantage, Zarulli et al. (2018) investigated the survival of men and women in seven populations under extreme conditions due to famines, epidemics and slavery. They found that even when mortality was very high, women lived longer on average than men. Most of the female advantage was due to differences among infants with baby girls being able to survive harsh conditions better than baby boys. Behavioural differences are unlikely to play a crucial role at this age and social factors may be neutral or favour male survival. Thus, the results of the biodemographic research of Zarulli et al. add another piece to the puzzle of gender differences in survival by suggesting that although the female survival advantage is influenced by socially and environmentally ...
Reviews the book, Animal Behavior: An Evolutionary Approach (4th ed.) by John Alcock (1989). Alcock has restructured the arrangement of chapters (e.g., chapters on categories of behavior and on evolutionary history appear in different positions than previously). There are now separate chapters on parental care, sexual selection and mating behavior, and mating systems. Sets of discussion questions have been added at the end of each chapter. Throughout the book Alcock has made a more sustained effort to distinguish between proximate and ultimate questions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) ...
Hypertension is one of the most common diagnoses in the adult population in the United States. Hypertension also has various sequelae that are preventable with adequate treatment, including medication and lifestyle modification.
TIGEMs Behavioral Core has three principal objectives. It aims to identify abnormal behaviors in animal models that may be associated with gene deletions or mutations pertaining to our human genetic diseases of interest. Upon finding such information, the Core tests whether and to which extent novel pharmacological or gene therapy techniques can be used to rescue these behavioral alterations. Last but not least, the Core organizes novel behavioural tasks and procedures to study rodent behavior in mice, rats, hamsters.. The Core combines basic knowledge of the biological processes underlying animal behavior with systematic use of the whole battery of behavioral tests available for rodents to date.. In support of its research, the Behavioral Core is equipped with more than 30 different behavioral task tools (i.e. activity cage, elevated plus-maze, hot-plate, water maze, cross-maze, grip-strength meter, passive and active avoidance apparatus) for mice, rats and hamsters, which allow it to test ...
Dissertation on animal behavior[edit]. Watson earned his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1903.[21] In his dissertation ... Dewsbury, Donald A (1990). "Early interactions between animal psychologists and animal activists and the founding of the APA ... for a science of behavior was "the observable fact that organisms, man and animal alike, do adjust themselves to their ... Watson conducted research on animal behavior, child rearing, and advertising, as well as conducting the controversial "Little ...
Breed, Michael D.; Moore, Janice (2011). Animal Behavior. Academic Press. p. 248. ISBN 978-0-08-091992-8. .. ... Another international agreement, the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, protects animals that ... Some plants and animals are generalists, and their habitat requirements are met in a wide range of locations. The small white ... Many animals and plants have taken up residence in urban environments. They tend to be adaptable generalists and use the town's ...
The AVMA indicates that it lobbies for animal friendly legislation within a framework that supports the use of animals for ... such as when treating animals on a farm.[11][12] AVMA argued that "the CSA must be amended so that our nation's animals do not ... "AVMA Animal Welfare Policy Statements". Archived from the original on 4 November 2015. Retrieved 12 December 2015.. ... "AVMA Animal Welfare Policies". Archived from the original on 13 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-05.. ...
Animal Behavior (Monographs in Behavior and Ecology). Vol. 5:197-283. Mann, D. A.; Lobel, P. S. 1998. "Acoustic behavior of the ... "Sound production by males of a coral reef fish (Pomacentrus paritus): its significance to females." Animal Behavior. Vol. 34: ... This behavior is most common with damselfishes that produce a wide variety of sounds, a behavior shared with at least 10 ... Acoustic behavior of the clownfishes (Amphiprion spp.) Bulletin of the Faculty of Fishes Nagasaki University. Vol. 54:21-27. ...
"Animal Behavior" December 4, 1999 (1999-12-04) 23 "Party Politics" January 8, 2000 (2000-01-08) ...
The Males Relationship with his Females", Animal Behavior 31:565-575. *^ a b Dunbar, R. I. M. (1984). Reproductive decisions: ... Reproductive behavior". Contributions to Primatology. 16: 183-197. PMID 101336.. *^ Dunbar, R. I. M.; Hannah-Stewart, L.; ... It is the first time that evidence of the knowledge of cheating and fear of discovery has been recorded among animals in the ... Previously, these monkeys were trapped for use as laboratory animals or hunted to obtain their capes to make items of clothing. ...
1968). "The behavior of free living chimpanzees in the Gombe Stream Reserve". Animal Behaviour Monographs. 1: 161-311. doi: ... It was questioned whether some animals are instead using altruistic behaviors as a market strategy to trade for something ... Lawick-Goodall, J. van (1968). "The behavior of free living chimpanzees in the Gombe Stream Reserve". Animal Behaviour ... Among primates, social grooming plays a significant role in animal consolation behavior whereby the primates engage in ...
Animals with lesions to the caudal retrosplenial cortex show impaired performance on a radial arm maze only when the maze is ... It participates in the processing of short-term spatial memory used to guide planned search behavior and is believed to join ... The hippocampus provides animals with a spatial map of their environment. It stores information regarding non-egocentric space ... Thus, the evidence for the spatial memory of some species of animals, such as rats, indicates that they do use spatial memory ...
Barrows, Edward M. (2001). Animal behavior (2nd ed.). CRC Press. p. 177. ISBN 978-0-8493-2005-7. .. ... Cott, Hugh (1940). Adaptive Coloration in Animals. Oxford University Press.. *. Edmunds, Malcolm (1974). Defence in Animals. ... cryptic behavior, or changeable skin patterns and colour.[6][7] Animals such as the flat-tail horned lizard of North America ... Nocturnality is an animal behavior characterized by activity during the night and sleeping during the day. This is a behavioral ...
... (animal behavior). *Bunting (horse) (1961-1985/86), a Swedish horse which appeared in films ...
"Animal Learning & Behavior. 31 (2): 165-172. doi:10.3758/BF03195979. PMID 12882375. Retrieved December 4, 2013.. ... In these studies, animals that consume a bait laced with an undetectable dose of an aversion agent avoid both baits and live ... Conditioned taste aversion occurs when an animal associates the taste of a certain food with symptoms caused by a toxic, ... While studying the effects of radiation on various behaviors in the mid to late 1950s, Dr. John Garcia noticed that rats ...
Nesting behavior is also present in many invertebrates. The best known example of nesting behavior in insects is that of the ... Nesting behaviour refers to an instinct or urge in pregnant animals caused by the increase of estradiol (E2) to prepare a home ... Silver, Rae (1978). "The Parental Behavior of Ring Doves: The intricately coordinated behavior of the male and female is based ... Six to eight days pre-partum, high levels of estradiol and progesterone lead to a peak in digging behavior. Both estradiol and ...
Thus symmetry may serve as an honest signal of mate quality in both humans and animals. However Langlois, Roggman and Musselman ... Evolution and Human Behavior. 20: 295-307. doi:10.1016/s1090-5138(99)00014-8. Morris, M.R.; Casey, K. (1998). "Female swordtail ... Manning, J.T.; Hartley, M.A. (1991). "Symmetry and ornamentation are correlated in the peacock's train". Animal Behaviour. 42: ... doi:10.1016/s0003-3472(05)80156-3. Swaddle, J.P. (2003). "Fluctuating asymmetry, animal behaviour, and evolution". Advances in ...
Journal of Insect Behavior. 9 (6): 887-898. doi:10.1007/BF02208976. S2CID 28455636.. ... Animal Behaviour. 28 (4): 1239-1248. doi:10.1016/s0003-3472(80)80112-6. S2CID 53188823.. ... the antennae transmit coriolis forces through the Johnston's organ that can then be used for corrective behavior. A series of ...
See also: Animal sexual behavior § Mammals. Annual breeding cycles sometimes apply to mammals, with regulating environmental ... Breeding in the wild is the natural process of animal reproduction occurring in the natural habitat of a given species. This ... Certain common characteristics apply to various taxa within the animal kingdom, which traits are often sorted among amphibians ... terminology is distinct from animal husbandry or breeding of species in captivity. Breeding locations are often chosen for very ...
See also: Animal sexual behavior § Seahorse. The male seahorse is equipped with a pouch on the ventral, or front-facing, side ... Alcock, John (2005). Animal Behavior (8th ed.). Massachusetts: Sinauer. pp. 370-1. ISBN 0878930051.. ... Scientists believe the courtship behavior synchronizes the animals' movements and reproductive states so the male can receive ... Both animals then sink back into the seagrass and she swims away.[citation needed][19] ...
Reproductive behavior[edit]. Mating system[edit]. B. terrestris is a singly mating species. Mating with multiple males might ... Journal of Animal Ecology. 78 (1): 247-252. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01479.x. PMID 19120605.. ... Foraging behavior[edit]. B. terrestris generally forage on a large variety of flower species. Their highest activity is in the ... Social and foraging behavior[edit]. Newly emerged workers start out at the bottom of the dominance hierarchy in the social ...
Price, Edward O. (2003). Animal Domestication and Behavior. CABI Publishing. ISBN 0-85199-597-7.. ... Social behavior[edit]. See also: Social behavior in the brown rat. Generally speaking, rats are quite sociable and function ... Knight, John (2005). Animals in Person: Cultural Perspectives on Human-animal Intimacy. Berg Publishers. p. 131. ISBN 1-85973- ... The name fancy rat derives from the idea of animal fancy (the promotion of domesticated animals) or the phrase "to fancy" ( ...
Animal Kingdom (since 2016). *Claws (since 2017). *Good Behavior (since 2016). *The Last Ship (since 2014) ...
Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior. Academic Press. 21 January 2019. ISBN 978-0-12-813252-4. .. ... Fairbairn D (28 April 2013). Odd Couples: Extraordinary Differences between the Sexes in the Animal Kingdom. Princeton. ISBN ... Adkins-Regan E (2007). "Hormones and the development of sex differences in behavior". Journal of Ornithology. 148 (Supplement 1 ... Such differences in form and behavior can lead to sexual segregation, defined as sex differences in space and resource use.[77] ...
Animal Behavior 28:728-734. *^ Savage, T. 1963. Reproductive behavior of the mottled sculpin, Cottus bairdi Girard. Copeia 1963 ...
A model of automatic memory processing in animal behavior.". In Spear NE, Miller RR. Information processing in animals: Memory ... A number of experiments have shown that humans and animals can learn to time events (see Animal cognition), and the Gallistel ... This method has also been used to study timing ability in animals (see Animal cognition). ... Razran G (1971). Mind in evolution; an East-West synthesis of learned behavior and cognition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.. ...
"Myrmecophagidae (anteaters)." Animal Diversity Web. 08 Nov. 2015. "Anteaters: Myrmecophagidae - Behavior And Reproduction." - ... Myrmecophagids are medium to large animals, with distinctively elongated snouts and long, narrow tongues. They have powerful ...
"Domestication and the evolution of behavior," in The behavior of domestic animals, second edition. Edited by E. S. E. Hafez, pp ... Main articles: Domestication of animals and List of domesticated animals. The beginnings of animal domestication involved a ... Price, Edward O. (2008). Principles and applications of domestic animal behavior: an introductory text. Cambridge University ... Price, Edward O. (2002). Animal domestication and behavior (PDF). Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing.. ...
American animals: a popular guide to the mammals of North America north of Mexico, with intimate biographies of the more ... Swimming behavior of rice rats (Oryzomys palustris) and cotton rats (Sigmodon hispidus) (subscription required). Journal of ... Many animals prey on marsh rice rats. The barn owl (Tyto alba) is among the most important; one study found that 97.5% of ... Several animals prey on the marsh rice rat, including the barn owl, and it usually lives for less than a year in the wild. It ...
Animal Behavior. Sixth Edition. 429-519. Eberhard, William 1996 Female Control: Sexual Selection by Cryptic Female Choice ISBN ... Offensive adaptation behavior differs from defensive behavior because it involves an attempt to ruin the chances of another ... Parker, G. A. "Sperm competition and the evolution of animal mating strategies." Sperm competition and the evolution of animal ... This offensive behavior is facilitated by the presence of certain traits, which are called armaments. An example of an armament ...
An automated technique for analysis of temporal features in animal vocalizations. Animal Behavior. 25:615-621. Narins, P. and R ... Chasing behavior in house flies (Fannia canicularis). J. Comp. Physiol., 89:331-357. Zeil, J. 1979. A new kind of neural ... Visual control of flight behavior in the hoverfly, Syritta pipiens. J. Comp. Physiol., 99:1-66. Land, F.M., Collett, T.S. 1974 ... Male sphinx moths, Manduca sexta, rely on female released sex-pheromones to guide typical zig-zagging flight behaviors used to ...
... "the first applied animal psychologists." Together they wrote the book Animal Behavior which was first published in 1966, after ... "more animals and different species of animals than any other animal trainers" of their time, including animals of the land ( ... Behavior Analysis in Animal Training. Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies. Retrieved March 9, 2007. Archived September 27, ... Breland, K., & Breland, M. (1966). Animal behavior. New York: The Macmillan Company. Alexander, M. (July 24, 1999). Diary of a ...
Animal Behavior. Missing or empty ,url= (help) Hughes, Colin R.; Joan E. Strassman (1988). "Age Is More Important than Size in ... Behavior and Evolution. Missing or empty ,url= (help) O'Donnell, Sean; S.J. Bulova (2007). "Worker connectivity: a review of ...
Animals and other heterotrophs must eat in order to survive - carnivores eat other animals, herbivores eat plants, omnivores ... McKenna, R. J. (1972). "Some Effects of Anxiety Level and Food Cues on the Eating Behavior of Obese and Normal Subjects: A ... Physiologically, animals must be able to obtain both energy and nutrients from plant and animal materials to be considered ... Other animals[edit]. Mammals[edit]. This section is transcluded from Mammal#Feeding. (edit , history) ...
Elton CS (1927) Animal Ecology. Republished 2001. University of Chicago Press. *^ Allee, W. C. (1932). Animal life and social ... Journal of Animal Ecology. 78: 253-269. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2656.2008.01460.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-16.. ... One of the earliest descriptions of a food chain was described by a medieval Afro-Arab scholar named Al-Jahiz: "All animals, in ... In a detrital web, plant and animal matter is broken down by decomposers, e.g., bacteria and fungi, and moves to detritivores ...
Explaining reciprocal altruism in animal communities[edit]. Studies in the prosocial behaviour of animals have led many ... This behavior allows searching for more cooperating peers and gives a second chance to previously non-cooperating peers. The ... Their application of game theory to the evolution of animal strategies launched an entirely new way of analysing animal ... This result may give insight into how groups of animals (and particularly human societies) have come to live in largely (or ...
... s are a family of proteins found in complexes with cadherin cell adhesion molecules of animal cells. The first two ... also make it susceptible to alterations that can lead to abnormal cell behavior and growth. Any changes in cytoskeletal ...
"Immature siblings and mother-infant relationships among free-ranging rhesus monkeys on Cayo Santiago". Animal Behaviour. 44: ... Southwick, C., Beg, M., and R. Siddiqi (1965) "Rhesus Monkeys in North India." Primate Behavior: Field Studies of monkeys and ...
"Animal Cognition. 18 (1): 393-397. doi:10.1007/s10071-014-0794-4. PMID 25123853. Retrieved 5 December 2017.. ... 2012). "Comparative phylogeography of two widespread magpies: Importance of habitat preference and breeding behavior on genetic ... Bekoff, M. (2009). "Animal emotions, wild justice and why they matter: Grieving magpies, a pissy baboon, and empathic elephants ... and it is believed to be one of the most intelligent of all non-human animals.[2] The expansion of its nidopallium is ...
Barrows, Edward M. (2001). Animal behavior desk reference: a dictionary of animal behavior, ecology, and evolution (2 izd.). ...
"Cold Storage Behavior of Avocados". California Avocado Association Annual Report (San Diego, CA: California Avocado ... "Avocado". ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center. *↑ "AvoDerm Natural Premium Dog Food". பார்த்த நாள் 2009-01-13. ...
However, different behavior is observed in other d-block groups, especially in group 4, in which zirconium, hafnium and ... The element is known to damage cell membranes of water animals, causing several negative influences on reproduction and on the ... Actinium, which occurs only in trace amounts, continues the trend in chemical behavior for metals that form tripositive ions ... Lanthanum continues the trend started by two lighter members in general chemical behavior, while lutetium behaves more ...
Small animal imagingEdit. PET technology for small animal imaging: A miniature PE tomograph has been constructed that is small ... Carlson, Neil (January 22, 2012). Physiology of Behavior. Methods and Strategies of Research. 11th edition. Pearson. p. 151. ... animal diagnosis. Because of cost as well as the marginal utility of detecting cancer metastases in companion animals (the ... Pharmacokinetics: In pre-clinical trials, it is possible to radiolabel a new drug and inject it into animals. Such scans are ...
addictive behavior - a behavior that is both rewarding and reinforcing. *addictive drug - a drug that is both rewarding and ... Research from animals has consistently shown that when a trial is repeatedly exposed to a painful stimulus, the animal's pain ... In animals, cross-sensitization has been established between the consumption of many different types of drugs of abuse - in ... Researchers believe that there are parallels that can be drawn between these animal trials and persistent pain in people. For ...
The individual is largely a product of his environment and much of his conduct and behavior is the reflex of getting a living ... the same time strives to maintain and enlarge the precious kernel of social customs without which no human or animal society ...
... animal behavior and other factors may trigger outbreaks among animal populations.[82] ... Other animals. Wild animals. Ebola has a high mortality rate among primates.[241] Frequent outbreaks of Ebola may have resulted ... Blood samples were taken from 178 animal handlers during the incident.[249] Of those, six animal handlers eventually ... In Africa, wild animals including fruit bats are hunted for food and are referred to as bushmeat.[78][79] In equatorial Africa ...
Their actions are diverse and dependent upon the activity level and species of the animal. Serotonin plays a critical role in ... Plasticity of the mechanisms involved in respiratory behavior is modulated in part by the pre-Bötzinger complex. Disruption ... The pre-BötC complex operates in animals as part of a larger network that receives critical information and signaling inputs ... and ion currents that are controlled by changes in the behavior or environment of the organism. Under low levels of oxygen, the ...
Amphibians are predatory animals. They mostly eat live invertebrates and animals that do not move too quickly. These include ... The ecology & behavior of amphibians. University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0226893340 *↑ "American Bullfrog". Shastaherps.org. ... Fish and other animals eat most of their eggs. Male midwife toads carry their eggs on their backs. When they are ready to hatch ... Wells, Kentwood (2007), The ecology and behavior of amphibians, Rosen Publishing Group, ISBN 978-0-226-89334-1. CS1 maint: ref= ...
"Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 105 (1): 98-121. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2007.05.002. PMC 2702783 . PMID ... Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 28 (3): 187-209. doi:10.1023/b:jonb.0000039649.20015.0e. ISSN 0191-5886.. ... that used these approaches seem to have mistaken and interpreted mathematical artifacts as the products of human behavior. The ...
... animal matter and 62.4% plant matter, most notably the grass Echinochloa crus-galli, and nonlaying females ate 37.0% animal ... The predation-avoidance behavior of sleeping with one eye open, allowing one brain hemisphere to remain aware while the other ... eat water plants and small animals, and are social animals preferring to congregate in groups or flocks of varying sizes. This ... "Animal Diversity Web. Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2017.. ...
The third chimpanzee: the evolution and future of the human animal.. *^ a b Sharman Apt Russell (2006). Hunger an unnatural ... "The Predatory Behavior and Ecology of Wild Chimpanzees".. *^ Milton, Katharine (1999). "A hypothesis to explain the role of ... and women may have procured small game animals for consumption and assisted men in driving herds of large game animals (such as ... may have had their origins in these hypothetical Middle Paleolithic animal cults.[90] Animal worship during the Upper ...
"Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan. Retrieved 2013-08-21.. *^ a b c d e f g h Estes, R. D. (2004). The Behavior Guide ... The animal is placed in the genus Connochaetes and family Bovida] and was first described by the German zoologist Eberhard ... In some animals, the auditory bullae are highly deformed, and in others, the radius and ulna are fused.[13] ... Stewart, D. (2004). The Zebra's Stripes and Other African Animal Tales. Cape Town: Struik Publishers. p. 37. ISBN 186-8729-516 ...
Other animals[edit]. Acne can occur on cats,[198] dogs,[199] and horses.[200][201] ... which has been shown in animal studies, and the caution that "Unnecessary use of this drug should be avoided."[77][119] ...
Animal[edit]. A multitude of animal studies have been conducted to help understand hearing loss and fatigue. It is difficult to ... Behavior. 91 (2-3): 196-201. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2007.02.009. PMID 17399746.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style: ... Studies[clarification needed] have been done on a variety of animal species, including guinea pigs[13] and dolphins.,[14] rats, ... quantify levels of fatigue in animals as opposed to humans. In the experiment done by Ishii et al., subjects were asked to " ...
At the ponds, pickerel frogs are usually observed in large groups in the water.[8] Mating behavior is not much different from ... Arnold, K. (2000). Lithobates palustris Pickerel Frog (On-line), Animal Diversity Web. Accessed August 29, 2014. ...
Martin Walters & Jinny Johnson (2007). The World of Animals. Bath, Somerset: Parragon. ISBN 978-1-4054-9926-2. .. .mw-parser- ... Their physiology and role in the control of behavior". Progress in Neurobiology. 4: 211-239. doi:10.1016/0301-0082(75)90002-7. ... The geological history of barnacles can be traced back to animals such as Priscansermarinus from the Middle Cambrian (on the ... Inside the carapace, the animal lies on its stomach, with its limbs projecting downwards. Segmentation is usually indistinct, ...
Animalia. পর্ব:. Arthropoda. শ্রেণী:. Insecta. বর্গ:. Hemiptera. উপবর্গ:. Heteroptera. ...
Other animal species. See also: Tool use by animals, Structures built by animals, and Ecosystem engineer ... Approximately 50,000 years ago, the use of tools and complex set of behaviors emerged, believed by many archaeologists to be ... The use of basic technology is also a feature of other animal species apart from humans. These include primates such as ... Brief report:predictors of heavy internet use and associations with health promoting and health risk behaviors among Hong Kong ...
Several animals (but not all) are affected by alcohol similarly to humans and, once they consume it, will consume it again if ... Behavior. 81 (1): 51-58. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2003.12.017. PMID 15059684.. ... "The Alcoholics of the Animal World". Smithsonian.. *^ John C. Super, "Alcoholic Beverages" in Encyclopedia of Latin American ...
"Interspecific Evaluation of Octopus Escape Behavior" (PDF). Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. Lawrence Erlbaum ... "What behavior can we expect of octopuses?". The Cephalopod Page.. *^ Lee, Henry (1875). "V: The octopus out of water". Aquarium ... World Animal Foundation. Retrieved 12 April 2017.. *^ Simon, Matt (16 January 2015). "Absurd Creature of the Week: The ... Captive animals have been found to be more susceptible to pathogens than wild ones.[106] A gram-negative bacterium, Vibrio ...
Hart BL (1988). "Biological basis of the behavior of sick animals". Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 12 (2): 123-37. doi:10.1016/S0149- ... February 2003). "Cytokine-induced sickness behavior". Brain Behav. 17 (Suppl 1): S112-8. doi:10.1016/S0889-1591(02)00077-6. ... Temporary increased sensitivity to pain also occurs as part of sickness behavior, the evolved response to infection.[2] ... endotoxins and other signals of infection also increases pain sensitivity as part of sickness behavior, the evolved response to ...
Reuber M, Elger CE (June 2003). "Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: review and update". Epilepsy & Behavior. 4 (3): 205-16. doi ... Reuber M, Elger CE (June 2003). "Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: review and update". Epilepsy & Behavior. 4 (3): 205-16. doi ... Asadi-Pooya AA, Sperling MR (May 2015). "Epidemiology of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures". Epilepsy & Behavior. 46: 60-5. doi ... Behavior. 6 (1): 9-14. doi:10.1016/j.yebeh.2004.10.009. PMID 15652726. S2CID 5178510.. ...
One definition suggests that learning is "the acquisition of novel behavior through experience". Corollary to this argument is ... Currently, relatively little research has been conducted on growing primate or other animal neuronal networks. Harvesting ... where an arbitrary signal to the network indicates that the simulated animal has run into a wall or is moving in a direction, ... fact that the cultured neurons lack a body and are thus severed from sensory input as well as the ability to express behavior ...
A modern and positive approach to treating animal behaviour problems, based on principles of kindness and fairness, and ...
Animal Behavior at Reason.com, the leading libertarian magazine and video website covering news, politics, culture, science, ... Animal Behavior. Coyote Attacks Girl, 2, at Southern California Cemetery Attacks on humans by the wild dogs are generally rare ... Animal Behavior. Chimp Attack Victim Wants to Sue Connecticut Asking for $150 million due to agencys refusal to seize ... Do airborne animal parts suggest an emerging front in the War on Terror? ...
By studying animal behavior, humans can also learn more about their own behavior-a field known as comparative psychology. ... Ethology, or the study of animals in their natural habitats, sheds light on how animals interact with each other and their ... The study of animal behavior is a cornerstone of psychology for several reasons. ... Understanding Animal Behavior Animal behavior research is particularly relevant to the study of human behavior when it comes to ...
Are cats smarter? Or are dogs? When scientists counted the brain cells in these animals, there was a clear winner. But the ... It all started with an animal behaviorist who was intrigued by the emotional world of squirrels. ... latest research on animal intelligence challenges all of the old-school notions of what it means to be smart. ...
This requires designing experiments to test both their behaviors and their hormones. Animal behavior is a very broad field of ... She also looks closely at how sensory information (what an animal sees, hears, and feels) changes their hormones and behavior. ... Pfennigs research focuses on animal behavior and evolution, but every topic that you explore in school has hundreds or ... But now researchers are working to build on her research to find out why animals will sometimes behave in a way that seems to ...
Animal behavior. [Niko Tinbergen; Time-Life Books.] -- Explains what scientific experiments and observations have revealed ... about the senses, instincts, and intelligence that govern animal behavior. ... Animal behavior a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Animal behavior"@en ;. . ... Habits and behavior a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Animals--Habits and behavior"@en ;. . ...
Picture Perception in Animals. 1st Edition. Edited by Joel Fagot. Animal researchers commonly present pictures to their ... What can the evolution of animal behaviour tell us about human behaviour? More specifically, how good an account of animal ... Social Behaviour in Animals. With Special Reference to Vertebrates, 1st Edition. By N. Tinbergen ... Perspectives on Human-Animal Communication. Internatural Communication, 1st Edition. Edited by Emily Plec ...
... Course Description for Animal Behavior Laboratory. ZOO4513L: Animal Behavior Laboratory ... Description: his inquiry-based laboratory course in animal behavior will build upon the complementary lecture course. ... will work collaboratively in small groups to design and implement an original observational research study on an animal and ...
... s Animal Behavior: Instinct. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of Animal Behavior: Instinct. ... Many behaviors have both genetically pre-programmed and learned aspects. The degree to which certain behaviors, especially in ... When looking at instinctive behaviors, we must first understand the terminology used to describe such behaviors, and then we ... Any thing or event that triggers a behavior is called a key stimulus (KS). Key stimuli produce fixed action patterns (FAP) ...
This course examines animal behavior from both a mechanistic and a functional perspective. Drawing upon examples from a diverse ... Principles of Animal Behavior (3rd ed.) Norton, 2014. Dugatkin. Recommended, not required; Please order online. TBD. ... Shaped by millions of years of evolution, animals have evolved myriad abilities to respond to their environment, their ... animal communication, and kinship and cooperation. Four classroom hours. ...
Definitions of the important terms you need to know about in order to understand Animal Behavior: Learning, including Altricial ... A young animal that recognizes and is attracted to another animal is said to be imprinted upon that animal. The process of ... Animal Farm. The Merchant of Venice. The Taming of the Shrew. To Kill a Mockingbird. $value$. hidden> ... Animal Farm. The Merchant of Venice. The Taming of the Shrew. To Kill a Mockingbird. $value$. hidden> ...
Animal behavior. Behavior evolution. Evolution. Evolution (Biology). Science / Life Sciences / Zoology / General. ... ability action potentials activity adaptations adult advantage allele animal species auditory axon beak bees behavior patterns ... behavior.html?id=HJ7wAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAnimal behavior. ... 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Animal_behavior.html?id=HJ7wAAAAMAAJ ...
Animal behavior. Behavior evolution. Evolution. Evolution (Biology). Science / Life Sciences / Zoology / General. ... action potentials activity adaptations adult alarm calls animal ants auditory bees behavior patterns behavioral abilities ... behavior.html?id=85nuAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAnimal behavior. ... 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Animal_behavior.html?id=85nuAAAAMAAJ ...
Re: [Videolib] Discovery of animal behavior. [email protected] Thu, 6 Nov 2008 11:07:40 -0800 (PST) * Messages ... Previous message: deg farrelly: "[Videolib] Discovery of animal behavior" Section 108 huzzah!. gary. , Remember that if you are ... Previous message: deg farrelly: "[Videolib] Discovery of animal behavior" ... The discovery of animal behaviour [videorecording] / a co-production of. ,, BBC-TV, RM Productions and WNET, New York.. ,,. ,, ...
The rapid, low-cost technique is the first to analyze DNA left behind in animals feces to map out complex networks of species ... biology and behavior of the largest creatures on Earth. ...
... the Animal Behavior Core (ABC) facility offers the UH research community access to equipment, training and services used to ... test behavior in rodents utilizing specialized state of the art equipment. http://www.uh.edu/animal-behavior-core/ ...
Behavior can inform humans about animal health, animal social tendencies, animal enrichment, animal food/habitat preferences, ... Behavior can inform humans about humans watching animals, including what to attend to, whether they attend to the animals, how ... Animals & Conservation * Animal Care & Management * About Animal Programs * Taxon Advisory Groups * List of Taxon Advisory ... Animals & Conservation * Animal Care & Management * About Animal Programs * Taxon Advisory Groups * List of Taxon Advisory ...
Often, the value of the research depends on how well the animal ... animal models to study how an intervention influences behavior ... Animal Behavior Similar to Human Response. By Rick Nauert PhD Associate News Editor ... Researchers frequently use animal models to study how an intervention influences behavior. Often, the value of the research ... Home » News » Animal Behavior Similar to Human Response. .fn{margin:-2px 0 0 0;font-size:90%!important}.time-read{color:#777; ...
Archive for Animal behavior. How a porcupine talks. January 1, 2021 @ 2:47 pm· Filed by Mark Liberman under Animal behavior, ... May 16, 2017 @ 5:19 am· Filed by Geoffrey K. Pullum under Animal behavior, Animal communication, Biology of language, Fieldwork ... October 25, 2016 @ 2:30 pm· Filed by Geoffrey K. Pullum under Animal behavior, Animal communication, Ignorance of linguistics, ... January 20, 2019 @ 2:02 pm· Filed by Victor Mair under Animal behavior, Animal communication, Humor ...
animal behavior. Wildlife spectacles and "scant regard for food-chain decorum". October 23, 2017 In her article "Birds Beware: ...
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... is a comprehensive examination of the key areas in animal cognition. It will serve as a complementary resource to the handbooks ... Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior. Editors: Vonk, Jennifer, Shackelford, Todd K. (Eds.) ... She currently serves on several editorial boards for journals in the field of Animal Behavior and Cognition. Her work focuses ... Attention is also given to animal-human co-evolution and interaction, as well as metacognition and consciousness. Entries are ...
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ABS: Animal Behavior Society. 11 Aug 2006 , 18:08 BST. , Posted by Nicola Jones , Category: Animal Behavior Society ... Learn about the birds and the bees as Michael Hopkin joins the Animal Behavior Society on its annual get-together in Snowbird, ...
The Comparative Animal Behavior concentration offers a coherent interdisciplinary program of study intended to prepare students ... PSY 127 - Behavior Genetics. (PSY 127 is cross-listed with BIO 107 and NSCI 127, therefore credits from any of those classes ... for employment or advanced study in fields including components of the behavior of captive animals and wildlife. These fields ... Comparative Animal Behavior. Available Options. Comparative Animal Behavior Concentration. Psychology department web site ...
Animal personalities : behavior, physiology, and evolution. [Claudio Carere; Dario Maestripieri;] -- Ask anyone who has owned ... a pet and theyll assure you that, yes, animals have personalities. And science is beginning to agree. Researchers have ... animal_physiology> # Behavior, Animal--physiology. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Behavior, Animal--physiology"@en ;. .. ... Animal behavior. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Animal behavior"@en ;. .. ...
... demonstrating that laboratory animals can be accurately used to study these human behaviors. ... but whether the observations are relevant for human behavior has been unclear. Weill Cornell Medical College researchers have ... identified an alteration to the DNA of a gene that imparts similar anxiety-related behavior in both humans and mice, ... Studying animals in behavioral experiments has been a cornerstone of psychological research, ...
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Clinical Animal Behavior Service Vet Med: Medicine & Epidemiology ... Behavior and Animal Welfare Melissa Bain, DVM, MS VMTH: ... Companion Animal Behavior and Welfare. The Behavior Service does research on many aspects of companion animal behavior, welfare ... I am a Professor of Clinical Animal Behavior in the Clinical Animal Behavior Service. My areas of interest include aspects of ... Behavior and Animal Welfare. Melissa Bain, DVM, MS. VMTH: Clinical Animal Behavior Service ...
2003 Analysis of quantitative trait loci that influence animal behavior. J. Neurobiol. 54: 46-77. doi:10.1002/neu.10161. ... 2002 Nonadditive genetic effects in animal behavior. Am. Nat. 160(Suppl. 6): S198-S213. doi:10.1086/342896. ... Although most animal behaviors are associated with some form of heritable genetic variation, we do not yet understand how genes ... The genomic landscape of animal behavior. (A) Phylogeny of all species studied in which genomic loci were collected for the ...
  • Applied research includes the use of bioacoustics as a conservation and management tool, effects of anthropogenic noise on wildlife behavior and communication, effects of social behavior on disease transmission in livestock and wildlife and the use of complexity theory and mathematical modeling as a social management tool for captive exotics, wildlife, laboratory animals and domesticated species. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Explore the evolution and genetics of social behavior, caste, communication in foraging and colony defense, and queen and worker control over reproduction. (bucknell.edu)
  • Collective animal behavior is a form of social behavior involving the coordinated behavior of large groups of similar animals as well as emergent properties of these groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • With innovative tools and access to some of the most whale-friendly waters in the world, Stanford researchers aim to demystify the lives, biology and behavior of the largest creatures on Earth. (stanford.edu)
  • The study of animal personality is one of the fastest-growing areas of research in behavioral and evolutionary biology. (worldcat.org)
  • This interplay between genetic and other forces that shape behavior is complex, and disentangling it occupies an array of research endeavors spanning disciplines from evolutionary biology to psychiatry. (genetics.org)
  • Behavior studies now span a variety of sub-disciplines, including behavioral ecology, neuroscience, cognitive psychology and evolutionary developmental biology. (cambridge.org)
  • Graduate study in animal behavior is intended primarily for those who hope to later earn a Ph.D. or wish to amplify their expertise in animal-related careers, such as laboratory research, field research or conservation biology. (bucknell.edu)
  • Recommended courses include animal behavior-related biology and/or psychology courses and courses in research methods. (bucknell.edu)
  • Our animal behavior program combines both biology and psychology, gives students hands-on experience in both disciplines. (bucknell.edu)
  • Students can come into my lab and say they are interested in behavior, physiology or molecular biology, and we've been able to craft projects for them. (bucknell.edu)
  • Elon Biology Professors Dave Gammon and Jen Hamel were joined by biology major Dawson Nance '17, who conducts research with Hamel, in presenting research at the Animal Behavior Society 2016 conference in Columbia, Mo. (elon.edu)
  • The animal behavior major provides a foundation of courses and experiences for students interested in pursuing graduate training in animal research, conservation biology, veterinary medicine, zoology, and animal handling. (utica.edu)
  • The co-authors of the study are Derek Daniels, assistant professor of psychology at the University at Buffalo, and Daniel K. Yee, research associate professor, Department of Animal Biology, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine. (rxpgnews.com)
  • In this major you will engage in a rigorous course of study combining the behavioral biology of animals with issues pertaining to animal welfare and wildlife conservation. (canisius.edu)
  • Still the most complete work of its kind, Animal Behavior Desk Reference, Second Edition: A Dictionary of Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution will improve your scientific communication, particularly in the fields of animal behavior, evolution, ecology, and related branches of biology. (ebooks.com)
  • We will discuss the major concepts and research approaches in the contemporary study of animal behavior, focusing on topics that lie at the interface of animal behavior, evolutionary biology, neurobiology and psychology. (washington.edu)
  • In this period I have to teach them all of biology they need for their non-science majors, plus leave enough time for each student to give a presentation (on the science of their favourite plant and animal) and for two exams. (scientificamerican.com)
  • By studying animal behavior, humans can also learn more about their own behavior-a field known as comparative psychology. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Whether they are "conscious" in the same way that humans are, however, has been widely debated in both the fields of ethology (the study of animal behavior) and psychology. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Additionally, some dog breeds appear to have a sense of humor and will exhibit playful behaviors to amuse humans. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Originally published in 1974, this volume examines the behavioural similarities of obese humans and animals whose so-called feeding centre (the ventro-medial hypothalamic nuclei) has been lesioned. (routledge.com)
  • More specifically, how good an account of animal behaviour can we give in terms of evolution, and how do humans fit in with or deviate from the pattern established for other animals? (routledge.com)
  • The degree to which certain behaviors, especially in humans, are pre-determined is often a subject of intense debate. (sparknotes.com)
  • In a new study, scientists have identified an alteration to the DNA of a gene that imparts similar anxiety -related behavior in both humans and mice, demonstrating that laboratory animals can be accurately used to study these human behaviors. (psychcentral.com)
  • Some people say only humans have a sense of knowing how others feel," he said, "but other authors disagree, saying they can see it in other animals, particularly other animals like chimps. (dailypress.com)
  • In the end, these animal behaviors may not prove all that useful to humans. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Studies in humans and laboratory animals show that eating can also be regulated by factors unrelated to metabolic control. (mdpi.com)
  • Animal Behavior and Welfare publishes major insights into the behavior and welfare of domesticated animals and non-domesticated animals managed or impacted by humans. (frontiersin.org)
  • Animal Behavior and Welfare aims to publish major insights into the behavior and welfare of domesticated animals and non-domesticated animals managed or impacted by humans. (frontiersin.org)
  • But humans are not the only animals with microbiomes, and microbiomes do not just impact health. (sciencemag.org)
  • Because animal behavior covers a wide range of topics, from mating to communication, there are possibly many ways microbes, especially symbiotic microbes, could affect behavior in a variety of animals from hyenas to squids, and even humans. (kenyon.edu)
  • Students and faculty in the training area of Animal Behavior and Comparative Psychology conduct research to understand the functions and mechanisms of cognition and behavior in animals, including humans. (cuny.edu)
  • Other creatures besides humans may be affected by today's solar eclipse, especially since much of animal behavior is governed by dark and light cycles. (asas.org)
  • While animals could also damage their eyes by looking directly at the sun during the event, they aren't likely to stare at it as humans might. (asas.org)
  • Here Claudio Carere and Dario Maestripieri, along with a host of scholars from fields as diverse as ecology, genetics, endocrinology, neuroscience, and psychology, provide a comprehensive overview of the current research on animal personality. (worldcat.org)
  • Investigations of whole-genome sequencing and phenotypic data for 87 behavioral traits from the Drosophila Genetics Reference Panel indicate that courtship and feeding behaviors have significantly greater genetic contributions and that, in general, behavioral traits overlap little in individual base pairs but increasingly interact at the levels of genes and traits. (genetics.org)
  • Here, using reports associating behavioral variation with the genes for specific traits across diverse species, I assemble a comparative behavior genetics resource composed of 1007 significant genomic loci from 114 QTL studies conducted in 30 species across five taxonomic classes. (genetics.org)
  • From environmental interactions to genetics, there are many ways to look at a certain behavior. (kenyon.edu)
  • Experiments have used genetics, such as rRNA analysis, to study the make-up of symbiotic microbial communities to further understand a certain behavior, like finding another piece to the puzzle. (kenyon.edu)
  • This encyclopedia, reflecting one of the fastest growing fields in evolutionary psychology, is a comprehensive examination of the key areas in animal cognition. (springer.com)
  • Building on principles of evolutionary theory and animal behavior, the goal of our research group is to apply current understanding of animal behavior to animal welfare, management and conservation issues, while continuing to expand on this knowledge base. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Understanding this could provide insights into how behaviors respond to evolutionary processes, the prospects for finding general principles in the genetic evolution of behavior, and even potentially why there has been such variable success in the mapping of human neuropsychiatric traits. (genetics.org)
  • These analyses provide insight into the genetic architecture of behavior across animals and the interplay between specific behavioral traits and their genetic influence through evolutionary history. (genetics.org)
  • It may be an evolutionary trait-an offshoot of the same impulse that drives animals to capture, guard and bury their food. (womansday.com)
  • Behavior programs and evolutionary strategies. (ecampus.com)
  • Our next goal in the course will be to examine the evolutionary bases of behavior, asking for example why animals move, forage, hide, communicate, and socialize as they do. (fivecolleges.edu)
  • One of Utica College's newest majors, the animal behavior program provides students with a concentrated study of the evolutionary, ecological, genetic, neurological, and cognitive mechanisms that influence animal behavior. (utica.edu)
  • Working within an evolutionary and comparative framework, we seek to understand the ultimate and proximate bases of behavioral diversity, cognitive complexity, and communication and recognition systems in animals from varied taxonomic groups, with diverse sensory modalities, within different social and ecological frameworks. (cuny.edu)
  • Some animal species, such as chimpanzees and goats , are self-aware. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Animal behavior research is particularly relevant to the study of human behavior when it comes to the preservation of a species, or how an animal's behavior helps it survive. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Shaped by millions of years of evolution, animals have evolved myriad abilities to respond to their environment, their potential predators and prey, and members of their own species. (amherst.edu)
  • The rapid, low-cost technique is the first to analyze DNA left behind in animals' feces to map out complex networks of species interactions in a terrestrial system. (stanford.edu)
  • Despite these observations, the extent to which behavioral traits may systematically vary across species and behaviors remains unknown. (genetics.org)
  • Examine issues of nature/nurture, learning, development and adaptation, and learn about behaviors such as foraging, mating and communication in several species. (bucknell.edu)
  • While some animals may be great weather predictors, others within that same species might not get their spidey senses tingling. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Hamel presented her work, 'Causes and consequences of reproductive interference in two closely-related insect species,' in a session on animal mating systems. (elon.edu)
  • Animal Behavior and Welfare welcomes submissions on work in all farm, companion, zoo and laboratory animal species and wildlife species where applicable. (frontiersin.org)
  • Producers contemplating a mixed-species enterprise should reflect on several considerations before implementing this animal management strategy. (cambridge.org)
  • An approach being adopted in some commercial operations capitalizes on using innate animal behaviors to form cohesive groups of two or more livestock species that consistently remain together under free-ranging conditions. (cambridge.org)
  • Mobbing in animals is an antipredator adaptation in which individuals of prey species mob a predator by cooperatively attacking or harassing it, usually to protect their offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adaptationist hypotheses regarding why an organism should engage in such risky behavior have been suggested by Eberhard Curio, including advertising their physical fitness and hence uncatchability (much like stotting behavior in gazelles), distracting predators from finding their offspring, warning their offspring, luring the predator away, allowing offspring to learn to recognize the predator species, directly injuring the predator or attracting a predator of the predator itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, not all gull species show mobbing behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abstract This study's purpose was to learn and investigate the different aspects of Batesian mimicry, learn bird species common to the area, their different foraging behaviors, and investigate if a modification to their foraging behaviors can be implemented through learning. (educationindex.com)
  • Aggressive behavior is adaptive for most species. (noldus.com)
  • When looking at instinctive behaviors, we must first understand the terminology used to describe such behaviors, and then we must consider some of the concerns involved in studying them. (sparknotes.com)
  • The purpose of this activity is to help students understand that some organisms, such as termites, have instinctive inherited behaviors. (nsta.org)
  • These inherited instinctive behaviors, which evolved over time through the process of natural selection, had a positive impact on the reproductive success of the organism in the past (and may continue to have a positive impact on the reproductive success of the organism if environmental conditions do not change). (nsta.org)
  • The animals' instinctive reaction is to seek shelter in the face of potentially violent weather. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Drawing upon examples from a diverse range of taxa, and using articles from the primary scientific literature, we will discuss topics such as behavioral endocrinology, sexual selection and mating systems, animal communication, and kinship and cooperation. (amherst.edu)
  • NEW YORK (Jan. 14, 2010) -- Studying animals in behavioral experiments has been a cornerstone of psychological research, but whether the observations are relevant for human behavior has been unclear. (eurekalert.org)
  • To address this, I here compile a data set comprised of over 1000 genomic loci representing a spectrum of behavioral variation across animal taxa. (genetics.org)
  • With the compiled data set I in File S2 compare the genetic architecture of behavioral types across animal taxa. (genetics.org)
  • The ASPCA assists animals in need through on-the-ground disaster and cruelty interventions, behavioral rehabilitation, animal placement, legal and legislative advocacy, and the advancement of the sheltering and veterinary community through research, training, and resources. (aspca.org)
  • Consider behavioral adaptations to various ecological situations: habitat choice, foraging behavior, defenses against predation, mate choice and brood care. (bucknell.edu)
  • The research highlights the importance of intracellular events in the regulation of behavioral states and provides new information about the means through which a single hormone can influence multiple mammalian behaviors like learning and memory, eating, drinking, reproduction and social interaction. (rxpgnews.com)
  • The broad implication of the findings may alter the way behavioral neuroscientists think about sub-cellular underpinnings of mammalian behavior, according to the researchers. (rxpgnews.com)
  • It previously was known that angiotensin has robust behavioral effects on animals, causing them to drink water and consume salt. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Daniels says the regulation of behavioral states by angiotensin "is a well-studied problem that has provided a wealth of information about the interface between peripheral hormones and central control of behavior. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Daniels's research in behavioral neuroscience focuses on the genomic and neural substrates of ingestive behaviors critical for the maintenance of body-fluid, cardiovascular and energy homeostasis. (rxpgnews.com)
  • We're pleased to serve as a resource to Animal Friends adopters who need pet behavioral information, training and guidance. (thinkingoutsidethecage.org)
  • if you have not adopted your dog from Animal Friends but are in need of behavioral support, please review this handout on how to select a dog trainer in your area. (thinkingoutsidethecage.org)
  • Or search for offerings throughout the greater zoo and aquarium community, such as animal program events and workshops. (aza.org)
  • The study of animal behavior is a cornerstone of psychology for several reasons. (psychologytoday.com)
  • She earned a bachelor's degree in psychology from Franklin Pierce College, a master's in animal science from Arizona State University, and a Ph.D. in animal science from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. (umass.edu)
  • Charles Darwin with his theory of evolution was one of the first scientists to acknowledge animals' mental and emotional capacities. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Dr. Pfennig's research focuses on animal behavior and evolution, but every topic that you explore in school has hundreds or thousands of researchers who are working every day to expand human understanding of that process or idea. (unc.edu)
  • What can the evolution of animal behaviour tell us about human behaviour? (routledge.com)
  • Attention is also given to animal-human co-evolution and interaction, as well as metacognition and consciousness. (springer.com)
  • Although most animal behaviors are associated with some form of heritable genetic variation, we do not yet understand how genes sculpt behavior across evolution, either directly or indirectly. (genetics.org)
  • These results provide evidence that different types of behavior are associated with variable genetic bases and suggest that, across animal evolution, the genetic landscape of behavior is more rugged, yet predictable, than previously thought. (genetics.org)
  • Unlike animal science - a field associated with the use of animals for human needs - the study of animal behavior at Bucknell emphasizes the evolution of animal life. (bucknell.edu)
  • Discover how animals physiology and anatomy are integrated with its behavior. (cnet.com)
  • Morrow-Tesch, who studies animal behavior and physiology with ARS in Lubbock, Texas, found that feeding cattle just before sunset--instead of the usual morning meals--cut the number of aggressive incidents by almost half. (usda.gov)
  • In addition to the animal welfare and conservation implications, excessive drag may also impede the collection of research data in the wild," says Jones, whose previous research on leatherback sea turtle physiology has improved conservation practices. (scienceblog.com)
  • In terms of behavior and physiology, there is a diversity of reductants and oxidants that hosts provide for their symbionts. (kenyon.edu)
  • Many researchers who study animal cognition agree that animals "think"-that is, they perceive and react to their environment, interact with one another, and experience different emotions, like stress or fear . (psychologytoday.com)
  • But now researchers are working to build on her research to find out why animals will sometimes behave in a way that seems to be maladaptive. (unc.edu)
  • Animal researchers commonly present pictures to their subjects, usually birds or monkeys, in order to infer how natural objects are perceived and conceptualised, or to discover the brain mechanisms underlying these abilities. (routledge.com)
  • Researchers frequently use animal models to study how an intervention influences behavior. (psychcentral.com)
  • Researchers have demonstrated that both domesticated and nondomesticated animals - from invertebrates to monkeys and apes - behave in consistently different ways, meeting the criteria for what many define as personality. (worldcat.org)
  • Demonstrating how results in one area can directly inform work in others, the book ultimately proposes concepts to facilitate new discussions that will open the way for improved dialog between researchers across behavior studies. (cambridge.org)
  • Researchers observed this type of behavior among a group of sharks as they tracked the sharks' movements during Tropical Storm Gabrielle and Hurricane Charlie. (howstuffworks.com)
  • RxPG] Researchers at the University at Buffalo and the University of Pennsylvania were the first to demonstrate that two intracellular events, both stimulated by the same cell receptor, can provoke different behaviors in mammals. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Prepare to be inspired and amazed at what local animal researchers, scientists, and behaviorists are discovering and working on. (rtp.org)
  • Researchers are studying the knifefish to learn more about how the brains of animals work to control their behavior. (nsf.gov)
  • American and Canadian researchers have for the first time quantified the energy cost to aquatic animals when they carry satellite tags, video cameras and other research instruments. (scienceblog.com)
  • Researchers from various disciplines are homing in on the mechanics of magnetoreception, an enigmatic sense that some animals use to navigate the globe. (the-scientist.com)
  • If you want to turn your interest in animals into a career, look into the Animal Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation program. (canisius.edu)
  • My areas of interest include aspects of companion animal behavior, and welfare. (ucdavis.edu)
  • and areas of animal welfare, primarily related to behavior. (ucdavis.edu)
  • The Behavior Service does research on many aspects of companion animal behavior, welfare, and the human-animal bond. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Founded in 1866, the ASPCA ® (The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals ® ) was the first animal welfare organization to be established in North America and today serves as the nation's leading voice for vulnerable and victimized animals. (aspca.org)
  • The section welcomes manuscripts concerned with fundamental or applied animal behavior, and studies of animal welfare addressing any of the three philosophical approaches of "naturalness", affective states, or basic health and functioning, to contribute to the advancement of the field. (frontiersin.org)
  • We particularly encourage inter-disciplinary studies and studies on the development or application of novel indicators of animal welfare. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our ultimate goal is to accelerate the progress in this research area at a critical time, as the concept and science of animal welfare continues to grow globally and we increasingly seek to use valid and reliable methods of welfare assessment in practice. (frontiersin.org)
  • All manuscripts must be submitted directly to the section Animal Behavior and Welfare, where they are peer-reviewed by the Associate and Review Editors of the specialty section. (frontiersin.org)
  • Articles published in the section Animal Behavior and Welfare will benefit from the Frontiers impact and tiering system after online publication. (frontiersin.org)
  • Animal health can present economic and animal welfare concerns for dairy farmers. (findaphd.com)
  • In turn, animal welfare and wildlife conservation are more important than ever. (canisius.edu)
  • Study in a program nationally recognized for its unique focus on animal behavior aligned with animal welfare and conservation education. (canisius.edu)
  • Join us and discover how insight into animal behavior can strengthen your bond with your pets and enhance the welfare of your patients. (avsabonline.org)
  • Veterinary practices can see improvements in various management areas of practice, in addition to patient behavior and welfare when using low stress handling and positive conditioning to the veterinary practice techniques. (avsabonline.org)
  • Ethology, or the study of animals in their natural habitats, sheds light on how animals interact with each other and their environments, and why they behave the way they do. (psychologytoday.com)
  • When you get deeper into behavior modification and the training of behaviors, the clicker itself becomes reinforcing. (arkanimals.com)
  • When it comes to animal behavior modification or training there isn't a "one pill cures all" or "one answer for your X problem. (arkanimals.com)
  • But the latest research on animal intelligence challenges all of the old-school notions of what it means to be smart. (pbs.org)
  • Throughout the course, students will work collaboratively in small groups to design and implement an original observational research study on an animal and question of their choice. (unf.edu)
  • If you have a behavior management accomplishment, an intriguing case study, a research project, or innovation for the field, especially one that resonates with the theme of the conference, please come share it with your colleagues! (aza.org)
  • Often, the value of the research depends on how well the animal behavior mimics or replicates human activities. (psychcentral.com)
  • I am open to ideas for research in most areas of behavior and the human-animal bond. (ucdavis.edu)
  • The research focus of her laboratory is in determining how manipulating the microbiota within the gut, using models of infection with bacterial pathogens or administration of beneficial probiotic bacteria, can change cognitive function, anxiety, and depression-like behaviors in mouse models of disease. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Recent laboratory animal housing guidelines are driving the changes in housing for these birds and little existing research is available to educate the transition process. (ucdavis.edu)
  • While sequenced particularly to complement John Alcock's Animal Behavior , this readily comprehensible and richly illustrated reader can stand alone as a sampler of the excitement and diversity of research approaches and organisms that constitute the modern study of animal behavior. (ecampus.com)
  • Research programs for this degree do not involve human-animal interactions or animal training (applied animal behavior). (bucknell.edu)
  • As an animal behavior major, you will work up close and personal with their subjects and often have opportunities to conduct research and work on articles published in peer-reviewed journals. (bucknell.edu)
  • That s what Agricultural Research Service animal behaviorist Julie Morrow-Tesch found during periodic 24-hour surveillances of cattle pens in one of the numerous feedlots that hold a total of 6 million head of cattle in the Texas Panhandle. (usda.gov)
  • A partnership with the Utica Zoo gives student the opportunity to experience zoo research, animal care and husbandry firsthand. (utica.edu)
  • Students will be introduced to zoo research, animal care and husbandry, and animal training through our partnership with the Utica Zoo. (utica.edu)
  • A good deal of attention had been paid to the intracellular signaling pathways under the control of the receptors for angiotensin," he says, "but our research makes strides toward understanding how these processes mechanistically affect behavior. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Recent research is revealing surprising roles for microbiomes in shaping behaviors across many animal taxa-shedding light on how behaviors from diet to social interactions affect the composition of host-associated microbial communities ( 1 , 2 ), and how microbes in turn influence host behavior in dramatic ways ( 2 - 6 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • The American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior (AVSAB) is a group of veterinarians and research scientists dedicated to improving the lives of animals and people through an understanding of animal behavior. (avsabonline.org)
  • then the the tagging animals for research is counter productive because any data collected will be tainted by the extra drag that the marine creature has to compensate for. (scienceblog.com)
  • Letting animals walk freely in gait research. (noldus.com)
  • At the Max Planck Institute for Medical Research in Heidelberg, Germany, Groneberg and colleagues researched one of the neural bases for behavior in Danio rerio. (noldus.com)
  • ABS 2016, the annual national conference of the Animal Behavior Society, was held July 30 through Aug. 4 in Columbia. (elon.edu)
  • Don't miss the 2016 Annual Veterinary Behavior Symposium, held in conjunction with the AVMA conference August 5, 2016 ~ San Antonio, Texas. (avsabonline.org)
  • A researcher of animal behavior for more than fifty years, his work focuses on understanding the structure, motivation and development of behavior, with tropical fish and jungle fowl as primary models. (cambridge.org)
  • b) Operant Conditioning - an animal performs a behavior (response) and is either rewarded (reinforced) in a positive or negative manner. (umd.edu)
  • Animal performs a behavior to recieve reward or avoid punishment. (flashcardmachine.com)
  • If you live near the Pittsburgh area, Animal Friends offers a variety of behavior training classes through Animal Friends University. (thinkingoutsidethecage.org)
  • Written/Compiled by Dr. Megan Maxwell, CAAB, the blog covers a variety of behavior topics including bark parks, the use of positive reinforcement, and teaching the use of the Freedom Harness. (avsabonline.org)
  • however, there is some debate over whether non-human animals cry to express emotions, like sadness or grief . (psychologytoday.com)
  • Her work focuses broadly on the question of similarities and differences in the cognitive systems of various distantly-related animals, such as non-human primates, carnivores, and chiropterans. (springer.com)
  • Personalities in a comparative perspective : what do human psychologists glean from animal personality studies? (worldcat.org)
  • I am designed to rapidly analyze and imitate human behavior. (dilbert.com)
  • Other topics in the course will include sexual selection, human behavior, and the role of behavior in establishing biodiversity. (fivecolleges.edu)
  • Scientists study chimp behavior to determine whether behaviors are strictly human or whether they evolve. (dailypress.com)
  • Cool Grove Press, 2014), J.P. Harpignies illustrates how much contact we have with non-human animals, both domesticated and wild, even as largely urban citizens of the 21st Century. (bioneers.org)
  • Studying the principles of collective animal behavior has relevance to human engineering problems through the philosophy of biomimetics. (wikipedia.org)
  • Associating animals with human characteristics. (flashcardmachine.com)
  • She also authored "Unwritten Rules of Social Relationships," "Animals Make us Human," "Animals in Translation," "Thinking in Pictures," and "Emergence: Labeled Autistic. (umass.edu)
  • Handedness, a conspicuous but enigmatic human trait, may be shared by other animals. (the-scientist.com)
  • Therapists use exposure therapy - a type of behavior therapy in which the patient confronts a feared situation, object, thought, or memory - to treat individuals who experience stress and anxiety due to certain situations. (psychcentral.com)
  • So changes in behavior alone are unlikely to be sufficient to adapt successfully to the predicted changes in climate over the next century. (eurekalert.org)
  • Learning is characterized by persistent and measurable changes in behavior which are not associated with fatigue, altered motivation, or maturation. (wikibooks.org)
  • Principles of Animal Behavior (3rd ed. (amherst.edu)
  • well developed principles of learning theory ( learning is a change in the behavior of an animal as the result of experience). (umd.edu)
  • NEARLY all behaviors are associated with some form of heritable genetic variation ( Kendler and Greenspan 2006 ). (genetics.org)
  • However, owing to limits in data and methods, the extent to which genetic architectures vary across a full spectrum of behaviors and animal taxa has remained largely unexplored. (genetics.org)
  • Behaviors can exhibit considerable variation in genetic influence. (genetics.org)
  • The program also is equipped to incorporate the use of physiological and genetic tools for the study of behavior. (bucknell.edu)
  • emphasis on genetic bases of behavior (as oppposed to the psychological, environmental, or learned bases of behavior). (umd.edu)
  • Support for the social and genetic function of aggregations, especially those formed by fish, can be seen in several aspects of their behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • While scientists haven't proven conclusively whether animals love, the evidence that they feel grief suggests they can form attachments. (psychologytoday.com)
  • When scientists counted the brain cells in these animals, there was a clear winner. (pbs.org)
  • The scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Animal Behavior ask how animals coordinate themselves. (mpg.de)
  • The scientists aim to achieve a quantitative and predictive understanding of animal decision-making and movement in the natural world. (mpg.de)
  • Auflage von Domestic Animal Behavior for Veterinarians and Animal Scientists wurde dieser beliebte Klassiker, der alles Wissenswerte rund um das normale Verhalten von Haustieren vermittelt, vollständig überarbeitet. (wiley-vch.de)
  • Domestic Animal Behavior for Veterinarians and Animal Scientists, Sixth Edition is a fully updated revision of this popular, classic text offering a thorough understanding of the normal behavior of domestic animals. (wiley.com)
  • Most cat behavior problems are normal behavior - for a cat. (bestfriends.org)
  • Additionally, analysis of fly rRNA found that flies transferred to starch contained a much higher percentage of Lactobacillus plantarum than the flies raised on standard cornmeal-molasses-yeast (CMY), which the paper suggests influences behavior via the influencing the level of sex pheromones. (kenyon.edu)
  • These are just a few of the experiences you can have as part of the Comparative Animal Behavior concentration at Drake University. (drake.edu)
  • It all started with an animal behaviorist who was intrigued by the emotional world of squirrels. (pbs.org)
  • Stealing can be fun, and it brings attention," says Sheila D'Arpino, DVM, a veterinary behaviorist with the Animal Rescue League of Boston. (womansday.com)
  • College of Education associate professor Claire Hamilton will host a presentation by Temple Grandin, an advocate for people with autism and a world renowned animal behaviorist and expert on their humane treatment, on Tuesday, March 2, from 9:30-10:30 a.m., at 137 Isenberg School of Management. (umass.edu)
  • When charging the clicker, it is important to vary how you deliver the treat , where you deliver the treat , and to make sure you are not reinforcing a certain behavior. (arkanimals.com)
  • When looking for a behavior assessment that could specifically identify potentially aggressive behavior in dogs, the Marines enlisted the help of the ASPCA. (aspca.org)
  • But how is this aggressive behavior mediated in the brain? (noldus.com)
  • In addition to co-founding the pet loss support program at CSU I also founded the Behavior Help Line at the Denver Dumb Friends League when I worked there in the early 1990s. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • You will study the science behind animal behavior, looking not just at how animals behave but why they behave as they do. (drake.edu)
  • In the last decade, three animal behavior students have received Marshall Fellowships for advanced study in the UK, three have received Rotary International Fellowships, nine have received National Science Foundation Fellowships and one has received a Truman Fellowship. (bucknell.edu)
  • Included in the information filled day is a keynote address by Jaak Panksepp Professor of Neuroscience and Baily Endowed Chair of Animal Well-Being Science at Washington State University's College of Veterinary Medicine. (avsabonline.org)
  • Many marine animals make yearlong breeding migrations crossing entire oceans, while others may rely on high speeds and acceleration - enabling them to catch prey or to escape predators," says T. Todd Jones, a scientist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center in Hawaii, who led the study while a doctoral fellow at the University of British Columbia. (scienceblog.com)
  • Since 2009, Behavior Education Network has been our signature website, educating pet professionals in the science and practice of animal behavior consulting with monthly webinars, how to guides, reviews of scientific papers and more. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • All of us at Animal Behavior Associates, Inc. are committed to to bringing the science of animal behavior to everything we do, from educating professionals, evaluating animals, and helping pet owners. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • GRE scores are optional for those students who hold the Advanced Certificate in Animal Behavior and Conservation from Hunter College. (cuny.edu)
  • The guidelines we've developed can help ensure that the data collected accurately reflect the animals' natural behaviours in the wild, so we can devise conservation strategies accordingly. (scienceblog.com)
  • This program teaches animal enthusiasts training techniques using positive reinforcement. (prweb.com)
  • At Animal Friends, all training is accomplished through kind, effective positive reinforcement techniques. (thinkingoutsidethecage.org)
  • We believe in training through positive reinforcement and leadership, and our trained instructors have experience with hard-to-handle animals. (thinkingoutsidethecage.org)
  • Any thing or event that triggers a behavior is called a key stimulus (KS). (sparknotes.com)
  • The process by which a behavior not normally associated with a given stimulus becomes associated by combination with a positive or negative stimulus. (sparknotes.com)
  • An animal ceases to respond to a repeated benign stimulus. (flashcardmachine.com)
  • Learning that a certain stimulus or behavior is linked to a punishment or reward. (flashcardmachine.com)
  • Animal associates a random stimulus with a future reward- like a cat associating food with a can opener. (flashcardmachine.com)
  • Prior to publication the study of animal coloration was plagued by fanciful speculations, post hoc explanations and untestable hypotheses. (routledge.com)
  • Much of the debate bteween (and within) scientific disciplines associated with the study of animal behavior are related to the controversy over which is more important Nature or Nurture ? (umd.edu)
  • Discovering why animals behave the way they do makes the study of animal behavior an exciting field. (canisius.edu)
  • These are just 6 of the many astonishing marine spectacles that can be witnessed in person all over North America and in the pages of Vladimir Dinet's Wildlife Spectacles: Mass Migrations, Mating Rituals, and Other Fascinating Animal Behaviors. (timberpress.com)
  • The Comparative Animal Behavior concentration offers a coherent interdisciplinary program of study intended to prepare students for employment or advanced study in fields including components of the behavior of captive animals and wildlife. (drake.edu)
  • This interdisciplinary program of study, coupled with relevant major work, will prepare you for employment or advanced study in fields that involve the behavior of captive animals and wildlife. (drake.edu)
  • Experts in animal behavior can find jobs in a variety of fields, from working with companion animals, to zoo animals or wildlife. (canisius.edu)
  • Animal Friends' Online Behavior Center will provide you with answers to the most common cat, dog, and rabbit behavior issues in a printable format which guides you through accurate and achievable solutions to your pet's behavior challenges. (thinkingoutsidethecage.org)
  • Paul W. Sherman is Professor of Neurobiology and Behavior at Cornell University, where he teaches courses focusing on Animal Behavior and Darwinian Medicine. (ecampus.com)
  • She also looks closely at how sensory information (what an animal sees, hears, and feels) changes their hormones and behavior. (unc.edu)
  • Because a sensory input (water levels) changes a toad's behavior, she wants to find out if the change in water levels causes a change in the toad's hormones. (unc.edu)
  • By using drugs to effect these neural signaling pathways in animal subjects, the team was able manipulate this equilibrium, a finding that Daniels says provides a better understanding of the regulation of blood pressure, and body fluid composition, and could lead to new strategies for treating cardiovascular diseases. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Specific areas of interest include the neural circuits that contribute to these behaviors and the intracellular events that occur at various nodes within the circuits pathways. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Our first goal in this course will be to examine the mechanisms that underlie the expression of behavior. (fivecolleges.edu)
  • Many behaviors have both genetically pre-programmed and learned aspects. (sparknotes.com)
  • emphasized behavior as a genetically adaptive trait (those animals with genes that 'caused or allowed' behavior which was better suited to a given environment left more offspring who also possessed the genes that produced the adapted behavior . (umd.edu)
  • Learn more about UC's Animal Behavior faculty . (utica.edu)
  • Students can explore various careers through internships, traveling with faculty to observe animals in their natural habitats, and engaging in community outreach projects. (canisius.edu)
  • Students who are interested in learning about how to care for animals can engage in enrichment training, agility training, and other animal activities for dogs, cats and small animals. (jotform.com)
  • NEW YORK Several Animal Behavior Experts from the ASPCA® (The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals®) will be in Parris Island, S.C. from October 6-8 to conduct behavior assessments of over 100 dogs living with their pet parents who could potentially be subject to a breed ban in the Tri-Command housing units of the Marines Corp Recruit Depot. (aspca.org)
  • SAFER identifies a dog's comfort level with certain interactions like restraint, touch, reaction to new experiences including movement, sound stimuli, bite inhibition, behavior around food and toys, and arousal level toward novel objects and other dogs. (aspca.org)
  • As a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit corporation with more than two million supporters nationwide, the ASPCA is committed to preventing cruelty to dogs, cats, equines, and farm animals throughout the United States. (aspca.org)
  • Contrary to popular belief, dogs are not the only animals that are fearful of fireworks. (arkanimals.com)
  • During my childhood, I was always around animals, including our family pet turtles, guinea pigs and dogs including Ike and Tex both German Shepherds and Frenchy, a Standard Poodle. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • D'Arpino advises spending more time with your pet and rewarding him for good behavior, "so stealing isn't his main source of attention. (womansday.com)
  • This 2010 study hypothesized that the change in diet, i.e. rearing the first group of flies on either starch or molasses, altered their gut microbiome and influenced their behavior. (kenyon.edu)
  • Understand and explore how genes and the environment come together to shape animal behavior. (cnet.com)
  • Vibrio fischeri are bioluminescent bacteria that produce light used by squid hosts as camouflage, an antipredator behavior also known as "counterillumination" that mimics moonlight and starlight. (kenyon.edu)
  • Learn about the birds and the bees as Michael Hopkin joins the Animal Behavior Society on its annual get-together in Snowbird, Utah. (nature.com)
  • Whether birds that crisscross the globe, whales that navigate the vastness of the oceans or wildebeast on the African savannas - the major animal migrations in our world present an incomparable spectacle. (mpg.de)
  • This is most frequently seen in birds, though it is also known to occur in many other animals such as the meerkat and some bovines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Konrad Lorenz, in his book On Aggression (1966), attributed mobbing among birds and animals to instincts rooted in the Darwinian struggle to survive. (wikipedia.org)
  • A flock of birds might drive a powerful animal away from food. (wikipedia.org)
  • With more than 23,000 veterinary hospitals and approximately 25,000 grooming salons, animal industry workers have numerous opportunities to ply their trade all over the country. (lasvegassun.com)
  • VAP explores the many diverse techniques and methods used in handling and working with animals in a veterinary hospital, as well as situations most often encountered. (prweb.com)
  • Along with the background of the owners and animals, a complete assessment includes taking a history of how long the problem has existed, the nuances of the environment, diet, social dynamics, veterinary medical background, daily regime, and a whole lot more. (arkanimals.com)
  • While in Amherst, Grandin will also speak to a Veterinary and Animal Sciences class, sign copies of her book at the University Store, and tour the UMass Amherst Hadley Farm. (umass.edu)
  • My love of animals prompted me to consider veterinary medicine as a career, but at the time it was an extremely male dominated field and women were discouraged from entering. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • When I completed my degree, and with few job opportunities in the field at the time, I was drawn back to medicine and animals, and took a position as a medical technologist at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital (VTH) at CSU. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • I incorporated Animal Behavior Associates, Inc. in 1985 with my major professor, Dr. Philip Lehner, when I was still in graduate school. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • Since 1991, my husband Dr. Dan Estep, CAAB has been co-owner of Animal Behavior Associates, Inc. and together we've worked with thousands of pet owners, and educated and delivered hundreds of lectures to pet professionals on five continents. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • Gut microbiota not only affects behavior in insects but in vertebrate animals such as mammals. (kenyon.edu)
  • his inquiry-based laboratory course in animal behavior will build upon the complementary lecture course. (unf.edu)
  • Her laboratory uses preclinical animal models to evaluate potential risk factors and explore novel therapeutic interventions for neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disease. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Ongoing projects in the laboratory include studying behavior in mouse models of IBD and following pathogenic E. coli infection. (ucdavis.edu)