Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Behavior: The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Child Behavior: Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.Exploratory Behavior: The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Child Behavior Disorders: Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.Maternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.Behavior Therapy: The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.Stereotyped Behavior: Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.Aggression: Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.Agonistic Behavior: Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.Risk-Taking: Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.Choice Behavior: The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.Nesting Behavior: Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.Self-Injurious Behavior: Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Appetitive Behavior: Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.Social Behavior Disorders: Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.Predatory Behavior: Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.Behavior, Addictive: The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.Impulsive Behavior: An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.Drinking Behavior: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.Illness Behavior: Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.Compulsive Behavior: The behavior of performing an act persistently and repetitively without it leading to reward or pleasure. The act is usually a small, circumscribed behavior, almost ritualistic, yet not pathologically disturbing. Examples of compulsive behavior include twirling of hair, checking something constantly, not wanting pennies in change, straightening tilted pictures, etc.Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Consummatory Behavior: An act which constitutes the termination of a given instinctive behavior pattern or sequence.Infant Behavior: Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.Grooming: An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.Reinforcement (Psychology): The strengthening of a conditioned response.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders: Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Escape Reaction: Innate response elicited by sensory stimuli associated with a threatening situation, or actual confrontation with an enemy.Paternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Swimming: An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Dangerous Behavior: Actions which have a high risk of being harmful or injurious to oneself or others.Spatial Behavior: Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.Conditioning, Operant: Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.Substance-Related Disorders: Disorders related to substance abuse.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Imitative Behavior: The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Verbal Behavior: Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.Copulation: Sexual union of a male and a female in non-human species.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Drug-Seeking Behavior: Activities performed to obtain licit or illicit substances.Unsafe Sex: Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Parent-Child Relations: The interactions between parent and child.Antisocial Personality Disorder: A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Models, Psychological: Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Competitive Behavior: The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Reward: An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.Video Recording: The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).Maze Learning: Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Information Seeking Behavior: How information is gathered in personal, academic or work environments and the resources used.Sexual Partners: Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Juvenile Delinquency: The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.Sucking Behavior: Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Extinction, Psychological: The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.United StatesPlay and Playthings: Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.Avoidance Learning: A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.Sedentary Lifestyle: Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Mother-Child Relations: Interaction between a mother and child.Punishment: The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.Vocalization, Animal: Sounds used in animal communication.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Autistic Disorder: A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Condoms: A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Internal-External Control: Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).Reinforcement Schedule: A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.Courtship: Activities designed to attract the attention or favors of another.Amygdala: Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Animal Communication: Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Self Administration: Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Suicide, Attempted: The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Rats, Long-Evans: An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Genetics, Behavioral: The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.Videotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.REM Sleep Behavior Disorder: A disorder characterized by episodes of vigorous and often violent motor activity during REM sleep (SLEEP, REM). The affected individual may inflict self injury or harm others, and is difficult to awaken from this condition. Episodes are usually followed by a vivid recollection of a dream that is consistent with the aggressive behavior. This condition primarily affects adult males. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p393)Psychological Theory: Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.Homing Behavior: Instinctual patterns of activity related to a specific area including ability of certain animals to return to a given place when displaced from it, often over great distances using navigational clues such as those used in migration (ANIMAL MIGRATION).Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.Intention: What a person has in mind to do or bring about.Behavioral Research: Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Self Mutilation: The act of injuring one's own body to the extent of cutting off or permanently destroying a limb or other essential part of a body.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Socialization: The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.Personality Assessment: The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.Reinforcement, Social: The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.Conditioning (Psychology): A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Cocaine: An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.Social Dominance: Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Homosexuality, Male: Sexual attraction or relationship between males.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Schools: Educational institutions.Self Efficacy: Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Eating Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Nucleus Accumbens: Collection of pleomorphic cells in the caudal part of the anterior horn of the LATERAL VENTRICLE, in the region of the OLFACTORY TUBERCLE, lying between the head of the CAUDATE NUCLEUS and the ANTERIOR PERFORATED SUBSTANCE. It is part of the so-called VENTRAL STRIATUM, a composite structure considered part of the BASAL GANGLIA.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Social Isolation: The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Dopamine: One of the catecholamine NEUROTRANSMITTERS in the brain. It is derived from TYROSINE and is the precursor to NOREPINEPHRINE and EPINEPHRINE. Dopamine is a major transmitter in the extrapyramidal system of the brain, and important in regulating movement. A family of receptors (RECEPTORS, DOPAMINE) mediate its action.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Odors: The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Television: The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Territoriality: Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Education of Intellectually Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with subnormal intellectual functioning.Conduct Disorder: A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)Mice, Inbred C57BLCocaine-Related Disorders: Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Smell: The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Oviposition: The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Circadian Rhythm: The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.Prefrontal Cortex: The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.Personality Development: Growth of habitual patterns of behavior in childhood and adolescence.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Stereotypic Movement Disorder: Motor behavior that is repetitive, often seemingly driven, and nonfunctional. This behavior markedly interferes with normal activities or results in severe bodily self-injury. The behavior is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition. (DSM-IV, 1994)African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Suicide: The act of killing oneself.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Dominance-Subordination: Relationship between individuals when one individual threatens or becomes aggressive and the other individual remains passive or attempts to escape.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Token Economy: A practice whereby tokens representing money, toys, candy, etc., are given as secondary reinforcers contingent upon certain desired behaviors or performances.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Attention: Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Immobility Response, Tonic: An induced response to threatening stimuli characterized by complete loss of muscle strength.Behavioral Symptoms: Observable manifestations of impaired psychological functioning.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Housing, AnimalSocial Facilitation: Any enhancement of a motivated behavior in which individuals do the same thing with some degree of mutual stimulation and consequent coordination.

Effect of morphine and naloxone on priming-induced audiogenic seizures in BALB/c mice. (1/16705)

1 Morphine (1-200 mg/kg s.c.) reduced the incidence and prolonged the latency of priming-induced audiogenic siezures in a dose-dependent manner. 2 This effect was reversed by naloxone (1 and 2 mg/kg) although naloxone was itself inactive. 3 This priming-induces seizure model may be useful in the study of tolerance and physical dependence.  (+info)

A review of the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and behavioral effects of procaine in thoroughbred horses. (2/16705)

Since procaine has both local anaesthetic and central stimulant actions its presence in the blood or urine of racing horses is forbidden. After rapid intravenous injection of procaine HC1 (2.5 mg/Kg) in thoroughbred mares plasma levels of this drug fell rapidly (t 1/2 alpha = 5 min) and then more slowly (t 1/2 beta = 50.2 min). These kinetics were well fitted by a two compartment open model (Model I). This model gave an apparent Vdbeta for procaine in the horse of about 3,500 litres. Since procaine was about 45% bound to equine plasma protein this gives a true Vdbeta for procaine of about 6,500 litres. After subcutaneous injection of procaine HC1 (3.3 mg/Kg) plasma levels peaked at about 400 ng/ml and then declined with a half-life of about 75 minutes. These data were well fitted by Model I when this was modified to include simple first order absorption (K = 0.048 min-1) from the subcutaneous injection site (Model II). After intramuscular injection of procaine penicillin (33,000 I.U./Kg) plasma levels reached a peak at about 270 ng/ml and then declined with a half-life of about 9 hours. These data were approximately fitted by Model II assuming a first order rate constant for absorption of procaine of 0.0024 min-1. After intramuscular injection of procaine HC1 (10 mg/Kg) plasma levels of procaine peaked rapidly at about 600 ng/ml but thereafter declined slowly (+ 1/2 = 2 hours). A satisfactory pharmaco-kinetic model for this intramuscular data could not be developed. An approximation of these data was obtained by assuming the existence of two intramuscular drug compartments, one containing readily absorbable drug and the other poorly absorbable drug (Model III). After intra-articular administration of procaine (0.33 mg/Kg) plasma levels of this drug reached a peak at about 17 ng/ml and then declined with a half-life of about 2 hours. These data were not modelled.  (+info)

A genetic model of substrate deprivation therapy for a glycosphingolipid storage disorder. (3/16705)

Inherited defects in the degradation of glycosphingolipids (GSLs) cause a group of severe diseases known as GSL storage disorders. There are currently no effective treatments for the majority of these disorders. We have explored a new treatment paradigm, substrate deprivation therapy, by constructing a genetic model in mice. Sandhoff's disease mice, which abnormally accumulate GSLs, were bred with mice that were blocked in their synthesis of GSLs. The mice with simultaneous defects in GSL synthesis and degradation no longer accumulated GSLs, had improved neurologic function, and had a much longer life span. However, these mice eventually developed a late-onset neurologic disease because of accumulation of another class of substrate, oligosaccharides. The results support the validity of the substrate deprivation therapy and also highlight some limitations.  (+info)

Competitive mechanisms subserve attention in macaque areas V2 and V4. (4/16705)

It is well established that attention modulates visual processing in extrastriate cortex. However, the underlying neural mechanisms are unknown. A consistent observation is that attention has its greatest impact on neuronal responses when multiple stimuli appear together within a cell's receptive field. One way to explain this is to assume that multiple stimuli activate competing populations of neurons and that attention biases this competition in favor of the attended stimulus. In the absence of competing stimuli, there is no competition to be resolved. Accordingly, attention has a more limited effect on the neuronal response to a single stimulus. To test this interpretation, we measured the responses of neurons in macaque areas V2 and V4 using a behavioral paradigm that allowed us to isolate automatic sensory processing mechanisms from attentional effects. First, we measured each cell's response to a single stimulus presented alone inside the receptive field or paired with a second receptive field stimulus, while the monkey attended to a location outside the receptive field. Adding the second stimulus typically caused the neuron's response to move toward the response that was elicited by the second stimulus alone. Then, we directed the monkey's attention to one element of the pair. This drove the neuron's response toward the response elicited when the attended stimulus appeared alone. These findings are consistent with the idea that attention biases competitive interactions among neurons, causing them to respond primarily to the attended stimulus. A quantitative neural model of attention is proposed to account for these results.  (+info)

Neural changes after operant conditioning of the aerial respiratory behavior in Lymnaea stagnalis. (5/16705)

In this study, we demonstrate neural changes that occurred during operant conditioning of the aerial respiratory behavior of Lymnaea stagnalis. Aerial respiration in Lymnaea occurs at the water interface and is achieved by opening and closing movements of its respiratory orifice, the pneumostome. This behavior is controlled by a central pattern generator (CPG), the neurons of which, as well as the motoneurons innervating the pneumostome, have previously been identified and their synaptic connections well characterized. The respiratory behavior was operantly conditioned by applying a mechanical stimulus to the open pneumostome whenever the animal attempted to breathe. This negative reinforcement to the open pneumostome resulted in its immediate closure and a significant reduction in the overall respiratory activity. Electrophysiological recordings from the isolated CNSs after operant conditioning showed that the spontaneous patterned respiratory activity of the CPG neurons was significantly reduced. This included reduced spontaneous activity of the CPG interneuron involved in pneumostome opening (input 3 interneuron) and a reduced frequency of spontaneous tonic activity of the CPG interneuron [right pedal dorsal 1 (RPeD1)]. The ability to trigger the patterned respiratory activity by electrical stimulation of RPeD1 was also significantly reduced after operant conditioning. This study therefore demonstrates significant changes within a CPG that are associated with changes in a rhythmic homeostatic behavior after operant conditioning.  (+info)

Neural encoding in orbitofrontal cortex and basolateral amygdala during olfactory discrimination learning. (6/16705)

Orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is part of a network of structures involved in adaptive behavior and decision making. Interconnections between OFC and basolateral amygdala (ABL) may be critical for encoding the motivational significance of stimuli used to guide behavior. Indeed, much research indicates that neurons in OFC and ABL fire selectively to cues based on their associative significance. In the current study recordings were made in each region within a behavioral paradigm that allowed comparison of the development of associative encoding over the course of learning. In each recording session, rats were presented with novel odors that were informative about the outcome of making a response and had to learn to withhold a response after sampling an odor that signaled a negative outcome. In some cases, reversal training was performed in the same session as the initial learning. Ninety-six of the 328 neurons recorded in OFC and 60 of the 229 neurons recorded in ABL exhibited selective activity during evaluation of the odor cues after learning had occurred. A substantial proportion of those neurons in ABL developed selective activity very early in training, and many reversed selectivity rapidly after reversal. In contrast, those neurons in OFC rarely exhibited selective activity during odor evaluation before the rats reached the criterion for learning, and far fewer reversed selectivity after reversal. The findings support a model in which ABL encodes the motivational significance of cues and OFC uses this information in the selection and execution of an appropriate behavioral strategy.  (+info)

Complete compensation in skilled reaching success with associated impairments in limb synergies, after dorsal column lesion in the rat. (7/16705)

Each of the dorsal columns of the rat spinal cord conveys primary sensory information, by way of the medullary dorsal column nucleus, to the ventrobasal thalamus on the contralateral side; thus the dorsal columns are an important source of neural input to the sensorimotor cortex. Damage to the dorsal columns causes impairments in synergistic proximal or whole-body movements in cats and distal limb impairments in primates, particularly in multiarticulated finger movements and tactile foviation while handling objects, but the behavioral effects of afferent fiber lesions in the dorsal columns of rodents have not been described. Female Long-Evans rats were trained to reach with a forelimb for food pellets and subsequently received lesions of the dorsomedial spinal cord at the C2 level, ipsilateral to their preferred limb. Reaching success completely recovered within a few days of dorsal column lesion. Nevertheless, a detailed analysis of high-speed video recordings revealed that rotatory limb movements (aiming, pronation, supination, etc.) were irreversibly impaired. Compensation was achieved with whole-body and alternate limb movements. These results indicate the following: (1) in the absence of the dorsal columns, other sensorimotor pathways support endpoint success in reaching; (2) sensory input conveyed by the dorsal columns is important for both proximal and distal limb movements used for skilled reaching; and (3) detailed behavioral analyses in addition to endpoint measures are necessary to completely describe the effects of dorsal column lesions.  (+info)

High-linoleate and high-alpha-linolenate diets affect learning ability and natural behavior in SAMR1 mice. (8/16705)

Semipurified diets incorporating either perilla oil [high in alpha-linolenate, 18:3(n-3)] or safflower oil [high in linoleate, 18:2(n-6)] were fed to senescence-resistant SAMR1 mouse dams and their pups. Male offspring at 15 mo were examined using behavioral tests. In the open field test, locomotor activity during a 5-min period was significantly higher in the safflower oil group than in the perilla oil group. Observations of the circadian rhythm (48 h) of spontaneous motor activity indicated that the safflower oil group was more active than the perilla oil group during the first and second dark periods. The total number of responses to positive and negative stimuli was higher in the safflower oil group than in the perilla oil group in the light and dark discrimination learning test, but the correct response ratio was lower in the safflower oil group. The difference in the (n-6)/(n-3) ratios of the diets reflected the proportions of (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids, rather than those of (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in the brain total fatty acids, and in the proportions of (n-6) and (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids in the total polyunsaturated fatty acids of the brain phospholipids. These results suggest that in SAMR1 mice, the dietary alpha-linolenate/linoleate balance affects the (n-6)/(n-3) ratio of brain phospholipids, and this may modify emotional reactivity and learning ability.  (+info)

Comparative Animal Behavior meets the need for a student friendly and comprehensive text in the rapidly expanding field of animal behavior. It achieves a good balance between recent, hot research and classic studies of animal behavior, in an organized and engaging manner. Comparative Animal Behavior surpasses other texts in its coverage of the rapidly developing area of evolutionary psychology and differs from standard texts in its organizational approach which is designed to draw students into the material in a way that no other animal behavior textbook does. Brief, rather than extensive, discussions of history are presented throughout the text to hold students interest. The amount of material integrating psychological and biological approaches surpasses the competition. Comparative Animal Behavior also responds to recent shifts in research and theoretical interests by providing current information in the areas of animal learning and cognition, parasitism, and mutualism. Maier describes his book as a
Burnett, Stephanie, Sebastian, Catherine, Cohen Kadosh, Kathrin and Blakemore, Sarah-Jayne (2011) The social brain in adolescence: Evidence from functional magnetic resonance imaging and behavioural studies ...
Abnormal versus Normal Behavior,what are the criteria for abnormal behavior.A classification scheme of normal behavior must be developed, and normative data
Year 2005 the Swedish Armed Forces Dog Instruction Centre, SAFDIC, started a breeding program of German Shepherds in Sollefte . Every year the SAFDIC is expected to deliver at least 50 dogs with the right temperament either to be trained to become a military dog or a breeding dog and there is a need for about 70 police dogs. The dogs that are bred at the kennel of the SAFDIC are raised by volunteers (also called puppy raisers) from the age of eight weeks until they do a standardised behaviour test the behavioural test, at an age of 15 to 18 month. During the time of the stay at the puppy raisers there are three available meetings for the puppy raisers with consultants (which are working for the SAFDIC) to get information from the SAFDIC. If a dog "passes" the behavioural test they will either be trained by the Swedish Armed Forces for 8-10 months or become a part of the breeding program. The behavioural tests are conducted at five different places; spread across Sweden, with the same test leader ...
Animal Behavior Assignment Help Online, Animal Behavior Project and homework Help Get the Scoop on Animal Behavior Before Youre Too Late Virtually all kinds of behavior performed by means of an animal might be the topic of study. Freque
Innate Behavior: Reflexes, Kineses and Taxes - Video & Lesson … Innate behaviors (article) , Animal behavior , Khan Academy Some organisms perform innate kinesis, undirected change in movement, and taxis, directed change in movement, behaviors in response to stimuli. Fixed action patterns consist of a series of actions triggered by a key stimulus. Innate … ...
This book contains a wide range of information of huge complexity on rat behavior. The book has three objectives. The first objective is to present an introduction of rat behavior. In choosing the rat as the subject species, the book has made the assumption that this species will remain, as it has in the past, the primary subject used the laboratory investigations of behavior. The second objective is to describe the organization and complexity of rat behavior. The major theme emerging from many lines of research on rat behavior is that understanding the rules of behavioral organization will be central in understanding the structural basis of behavior. The third objective is to update, as much as is possible, previous compendiums of rat behavior. Behavioral neuroscience continues to be a diverse field of research in which there remain many competing experimental methods and hypotheses. The behavioral descriptions in this book are closely tied to the laboratory methods from which they were derived, thus
This book contains a wide range of information of huge complexity on rat behavior. The book has three objectives. The first objective is to present an introduction of rat behavior. In choosing the rat as the subject species, the book has made the assumption that this species will remain, as it has in the past, the primary subject used the laboratory investigations of behavior. The second objective is to describe the organization and complexity of rat behavior. The major theme emerging from many lines of research on rat behavior is that understanding the rules of behavioral organization will be central in understanding the structural basis of behavior. The third objective is to update, as much as is possible, previous compendiums of rat behavior. Behavioral neuroscience continues to be a diverse field of research in which there remain many competing experimental methods and hypotheses. The behavioral descriptions in this book are closely tied to the laboratory methods from which they were derived, thus
animal behavior - What Is Behavior? - Simply defined, animal behavior is anything an animal does-its feeding habits, its reproductive actions, the way it rears its young, and a host of other activities. Behavior is always an organized action. It is the whole animals adjustment to changes inside its body or in its surroundings.The group activities of animals are an important aspect of animal behavior. Bees, for example, communicate with each other about food, and birds may flock during migratory flights.…
There is a growing amount of research demonstrating that adequate quality and quantity of sleep is closely related to improved health and behavioral outcomes in children. Getting enough sleep makes children healthier and parents happier. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommends behavioral treatment for insomnia in children. Behavioral methods are quite effective. According to a recent review of behavioral methods to treat insomnia (SLEEP, Vol. 29, No. 10, 2006), more than 80 percent of children … Read More. ...
The Small Animal Behavior Core (SABC) at Augusta University is a state-of-the art facility designed to serve as a time-efficient and cost-effective service for researchers in need of behavioral analyses in small animals (specifically, mice and rats). The Core provides expertise in all aspects related to the design and implementation of behavioral experiments as well as data analysis and interpretation. The core is fully equipped to accommodate a full battery of behavioral tests relevant to learning and memory, sensory gating, place/fear conditioning, motor function, nociception, and anxiety-related behaviors, etc. We ask that whenever possible, all clients acknowledge the Small Animal Behavior Core in published manuscripts ...
The Animal Behavior Center is pleased to present the 4th annual Animal Training, Behavior and Health Seminar. The October event features hands-on workshops and lectures from industry leaders on the science of Applied Behavior Analysis, training, nutrition, health and enrichment. Additionally, we will be offering tours of the facility. Zoo professionals, veterinarians and companion animal lovers alike will find benefit from this educational event. When we know better, we do better! The seminar features industry professionals and the presentation of live education animals inside the centers unique facility-a 10,000 sq. ft. former greenhouse, converted into a free-flight animal enrichment and educational center. Attendees will learn about some of the animal behavior, training and health issues that can present during the life of the animal through hands-on workshops, lectures from industry leaders and tours of the facility. Speaker bios can be found here: ...
Help a local zoo design better enrichment programs for the animals that live there. Learn how great apes think by "talking" to one with a 3,000-word English vocabulary. Publish research on how birds learn and perceive their environment. Conduct primate conservation research with your seminar class in Uganda. These are just a few of the experiences you can have as part of the Comparative Animal Behavior concentration at Drake University.. You will study the science behind animal behavior, looking not just at how animals behave but why they behave as they do. Topics of study include evolution, neuroscience, psychology, and much more.. Youll be able to engage in significant experiential learning with multiple species. Some of these experiences and internships are made possible through local resources including Drakes existing laboratories; the range of animal species at Des Moines Blank Park Zoo; Iowas naturally diverse farm animal and wildlife populations; and the Ape Cognition & Conservation ...
This course, which is prescribed for level 1 students and optional for level 2 students, is studied entirely online and covers topics relating to careers and employability, equality and diversity and health, safety and wellbeing. During the course you will learn about the Aberdeen Graduate Attributes, how they are relevant to you and the opportunities available to develop your skills and attributes alongside your University studies. You will also gain an understanding of equality and diversity and health, safety and wellbeing issues. Successful completion of this course will be recorded on your Enhanced Transcript as Achieved (non-completion will be recorded as Not Achieved). The course takes approximately 3 hours to complete and can be taken in one sitting, or spread across a number of weeks and it will be available to you throughout the academic year.This course, which is prescribed for level 1 students and optional for level 2 students and above, is studied entirely online and covers ...
Starring Jim Wiliams and Mike Finland, Animal Behavior is the story of Tugger and Ripper. Two seemingly normal house cats. But Tugger has a plan. Hes in love with his owners girlfriend. And to get her love he can only find one solutions. World domination. And it starts at home. He ropes his kitten brother Ripper into doing away with their owner Jon by hatching traps, and pranks that may cause his demise. Once Jons gone they can live with his girlfriend and then take over the world from there. But nothing goes as planned and the world just isnt ready for two cats to run it! If youre a fan of Looney Tunes and The Muppets then Elmwood Productions "Animal Behavior" is right up your alley! ...
Buy, download and read Animal Behavior Desk Reference ebook online in PDF format for iPhone, iPad, Android, Computer and Mobile readers. Author: Edward M. Barrows. ISBN: 9781420039474. Publisher: CRC Press. Revised and updated, containing over 5,000 entries, with over 1,100 more entries than in the previous edition, Animal Behavior Desk Reference, Second Edition: A Dictionary of Behavior, Ecology, and Ev
Build your Life Science Libraries with books about animals behavior. Titles in the Animal Behavior Collection:*
Title Author
Almost Gone Steve Jenkins
Amazing Dolphins Sarah Thomson
Animal Dads Steve Jenkins
Animals in Flight Steve Jenkins
Animals on the Go Jessica Brett
Big Tracks, Little Tracks Millicent E. Selsam
In June of 2017 we launched the Low Stress Handling® University as the new home of the Low Stress Handling Certification program and all of the other courses that CattleDog Publishing currently offers. Since then we have been on the constant look-out for new ways that we can make these courses available to you, our customers. Since the beginning of the Silver Certification program in 2014, we have offered 4 levels of group discounts based on the size of a given group. With the launch of the University, we are now offering individual and group discounts that are designated specifically for current college and university students and faculty. While individual current students and faculty can take part in this discount, the discount percentage increases as the size of a given group increases:In June of 2017 we launched the Low Stress Handling® University as the new home of the Low Stress Handling® Certification program and all of the other courses that CattleDog Publishing currently offers. ...
... : A Dictionary of Animal Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution. By Edward M. Burrows and published by Taylor & Francis in 2011, this is the Third Edition. This volume is located in the Cary Veterinary Medical Library under call number QL 750.3 .B37 2011.. ...
The process of diagnosing mental illness is generally finding the way in which the sufferer has deviated from what is considered to be normal behaviour. The cure is then manipulating the sufferers symptoms in such a way that they return to compliance of, perceived, normal behaviour, or at least appear to. Normal behaviour is, in…
Using detailed individual-based tracking of free-swimming stickleback shoals, we found that groups changed their behaviour considerably depending on the environment. In an open context without food or cover, groups tended to move at a moderate speed, had high alignment and were relatively cohesive. The addition of food led groups to move more slowly while becoming less cohesive and less aligned. Finally, an environment with both food and plant cover resulted in often only subsets of fish to emerge that were generally more cohesive and well aligned. However, adapting the statistical framework used in the animal personality literature [37,38] to investigate consistent behavioural differences at the level of the group, we demonstrate that groups had consistent behavioural differences that persisted not only within but also across different contexts: some groups were consistently faster, more cohesive, more aligned and/or exhibited clearer leadership structure than other groups. These differences ...
Morphological screening of mouse brains with known behavioural deficits can give great insight into the relationship between brain regions and their behaviour. Oxytocin- and CD38-deficient mice have previously been shown to have behavioural phenotypes, such as restrictions in social memory, social interactions, and maternal behaviour. CD38 is reported as an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) candidate gene and these behavioural phenotypes may be linked to ASD. To address whether these behavioural phenotypes relate to brain pathology and neuronal morphology, here we investigate the morphological changes in the CD38-deficient mice brains, with focus on the pathology and neuronal morphology of the cortex and hippocampus, using Nissl staining, immunohistochemistry, and Golgi staining ...
The American Humane Association has created a new Animal Training and Behavior Committee, enlisting the help of representatives of major national organizations and key opinion leaders in the field of animal behavior and training. The committee hopes to gather a consensus among animal trainers and behavior specialists about the most effective reward-based training methods.. "In this era of TV dog training, science and common sense often go out the window," says committee member Marjie Alonso, president of the International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants. "Everything we say will be provable. We can say, here are the studies to back it up.". Recent scientific research has dispelled many conventional ideas about animal behavior, and the committee hopes to spread this knowledge to the general public through projects like expanding the American Humane Animal Behavior Resources Institute Online, a valuable resource for animal professionals and pet owners.. "Dogs and humans equally benefit ...
SS information coding and behavioral activity. (A) Schematic illustrations of good (upper left panel) and poor (upper right panel) SS information coding associa
This module takes an evolutionary approach to the study of animal behaviour, with the aim of stimulating a questioning approach to the observation of the natural world. We will observe spectacular, subtle or sometimes surprising behaviours to investigate how animals across a range of taxa increase their chances of survival and reproduction. We will also consider the role of the environment and genes in shaping behaviour, and investigate how social interactions affect individual behavioural decisions. Using practical studies on shore crabs and guppies, we will conduct our own research on animal behaviour, and this will be underpinned by theory which will be introduced in lectures. The module aims to enable students to learn key concepts in behavioural research, and to provide a foundation for developing their own specialist interest in the third year module "Advances in Animal Behaviour" (BNS-3004). By the end of the module, we would expect students to be able to:- o Explain how evolutionary ...
This module takes an evolutionary approach to the study of animal behaviour, with the aim of stimulating a questioning approach to the observation of the natural world. We will observe spectacular, subtle or sometimes surprising behaviours to investigate how animals across a range of taxa increase their chances of survival and reproduction. We will also consider the role of the environment and genes in shaping behaviour, and investigate how social interactions affect individual behavioural decisions. Using practical studies on shore crabs and guppies, we will conduct our own research on animal behaviour, and this will be underpinned by theory which will be introduced in lectures. The module aims to enable students to learn key concepts in behavioural research, and to provide a foundation for developing their own specialist interest in the third year module "Advances in Animal Behaviour" (BNS-3004). By the end of the module, we would expect students to be able to:- o Explain how evolutionary ...
Abstract Understanding collective action in biological processes is a central challenge, essential for achieving progress in a variety of fields ranging from the organization and evolution of neural decision-making circuits, to the coordinated communication among cells, or animals, to the dynamics of information exchange among sophisticated organisms, and the emergence of complex societies. Consequently the study of collective behavior naturally spans scales, from how neural circuits control individual behavior, to the analogous issue of determining the structure and function of the communication network among organisms that gives rise to emergent group, and population-level, behavior. Insights and paradigms from the study of collective behavior help reveal unifying principles, as well as important differences, across scales of biological organization.. We seek PhD candidates for both experimental and theoretical projects investigating collective behavior in invertebrates (e.g. ants, locusts) or ...
Given the choice, no animal would choose to live an unnatural life of captivity, regardless of the kindness of the treatment and no animal would choose a life that allows none of their natural behaviour. Certainly animals would not choose to be taken from their families to be obliged to amuse us. Circus animals spend months travelling in small, bare cages. The stress of continued confinement as well as the transportation result in long term suffering and a lack of appropriate social interaction, reduction in time spent foraging and the restricted freedom to perform natural behaviours represent stressors for captive animals. A natural environments cannot be recreated in a circuses due to the traveling, with inadequate acommodation and exercise areas and forced movement, handling by humans,, noise along with the confinement results in both short-term as well as long-term behavioural and psychological effects. ...
A new cell culture platform allows researchers to observe never-before-seen behaviors of live cancer cells under the microscope, leading to explanations of long-known cancer characteristics.
b. Behavioral Phenotyping Core - Co-Directors: Laura Ranum and Mark Thomas Overview and Significance: Necessity of Core: Over the past few years, the need for a...
A review of ethical concepts related to our use of animals and their welfare. Discussion of problems in the definition of welfare and the design of welfare assessment schemes. Evaluation of the relative roles of behavioural and physiological measurements in the assessment of welfare, including the links between behavioural and physiological measures used in the assessment of stress and pain. Human-animal interactions and their effects on animal performance. Learning theory and its applications in the training of animals and the correction of behavioural problems. Preference tests and their design and interpretation. `Natural behaviour?, changes in behavior during domestication and their relationship to trainability and welfare. Temperament tests and their applications. Genetic selection for behavioural traits. Abnormal behaviours and their treatment. ...
A review of ethical concepts related to our use of animals and their welfare. Discussion of problems in the definition of welfare and the design of welfare assessment schemes. Evaluation of the relative roles of behavioural and physiological measurements in the assessment of welfare, including the links between behavioural and physiological measures used in the assessment of stress and pain. Human-animal interactions and their effects on animal performance. Learning theory and its applications in the training of animals and the correction of behavioural problems. Preference tests and their design and interpretation. `Natural behaviour?, changes in behavior during domestication and their relationship to trainability and welfare. Temperament tests and their applications. Genetic selection for behavioural traits. Abnormal behaviours and their treatment. ...
Women live longer than men almost anywhere in the world. The question is whether this is due primarily to behavioural differences and social factors, or whether biological factors also play a role. To better understand the female survival advantage, Zarulli et al. (2018) investigated the survival of men and women in seven populations under extreme conditions due to famines, epidemics and slavery. They found that even when mortality was very high, women lived longer on average than men. Most of the female advantage was due to differences among infants with baby girls being able to survive harsh conditions better than baby boys. Behavioural differences are unlikely to play a crucial role at this age and social factors may be neutral or favour male survival. Thus, the results of the biodemographic research of Zarulli et al. add another piece to the puzzle of gender differences in survival by suggesting that although the female survival advantage is influenced by socially and environmentally ...
Reviews the book, Animal Behavior: An Evolutionary Approach (4th ed.) by John Alcock (1989). Alcock has restructured the arrangement of chapters (e.g., chapters on categories of behavior and on evolutionary history appear in different positions than previously). There are now separate chapters on parental care, sexual selection and mating behavior, and mating systems. Sets of discussion questions have been added at the end of each chapter. Throughout the book Alcock has made a more sustained effort to distinguish between proximate and ultimate questions. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved) ...
Hypertension is one of the most common diagnoses in the adult population in the United States. Hypertension also has various sequelae that are preventable with adequate treatment, including medication and lifestyle modification.
TIGEMs Behavioral Core has three principal objectives. It aims to identify abnormal behaviors in animal models that may be associated with gene deletions or mutations pertaining to our human genetic diseases of interest. Upon finding such information, the Core tests whether and to which extent novel pharmacological or gene therapy techniques can be used to rescue these behavioral alterations. Last but not least, the Core organizes novel behavioural tasks and procedures to study rodent behavior in mice, rats, hamsters.. The Core combines basic knowledge of the biological processes underlying animal behavior with systematic use of the whole battery of behavioral tests available for rodents to date.. In support of its research, the Behavioral Core is equipped with more than 30 different behavioral task tools (i.e. activity cage, elevated plus-maze, hot-plate, water maze, cross-maze, grip-strength meter, passive and active avoidance apparatus) for mice, rats and hamsters, which allow it to test ...
A behavioral psychologist interested in animal behavior noticed that dogs who are never physically disciplined (e.g., with a blow from a rolled-up newspaper) never bark ...
A system and method used to assess animal behavior includes a module having sensors that collects a variety of physical and biological data from a test subject. Interpretation of the data is provided to assess the test subjects behavior, neurology, biochemistry and physiology. The module is useful in observing the effects of a drug on the test animal and providing information on the drugs signature. Another advantage is the modules portability that allows it to be used in standard laboratory cages. This portability allows the animal to be tested in its own habitat, that can reduce any erroneous data due to stressing the animal when removed to a test cage. Additionally, the modules design allows for parallel data collection and interpretation from several laboratory animals undergoing different experiments. Multi-dimensional modeling of the test subject based the systems interpretation of the data allows pattern recognition of the drug signature,
... on April 20, 21 and 22, 2018 in Boston, MA features eminent speakers on dog, cat, parrot and horse behavior.
Animal behavior: who will croak next?: A recent study with the predatory bat Trachops cirrhosus has shown the importance for this species of social learning abo
Dog Training Tip of the Month from Animal Behavior College comments, Description: Weekly tips about dog training., ID: 877655, By: Feedage Forager
Join us for the 4th annual Animal Behavior Workshop at Clearwater Marine Aquarium on February 2-3. Register before Dec. 15 for early bird pricing.
Study Flashcards On Animal behavior at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
Communication-intensive seminar integrating knowledge on animal behavior. Topics will include evolution, natural and sexual selection, and mating systems.
Hello. Im taking an animal behavior class, for which Ive decided to keep an octopus to study. Ive let the tank cycle with liverock for a couple of...
A modern and positive approach to treating animal behaviour problems, based on principles of kindness and fairness, and learning within a safe environment.
A modern and positive approach to treating animal behaviour problems, based on principles of kindness and fairness, and learning within a safe environment.
A modern and positive approach to treating animal behaviour problems, based on principles of kindness and fairness, and learning within a safe environment.
Over the past 30 years, it has become clear that the immune system plays a critical role in animal behavior. This role is tightly linked to the obvious role that immune cell activation plays in the clearance of pathogenic organisms. Systemic or central infections elicit a group of symptoms that are necessary for the organism to conserve resources, reorganize priorities and limit the spread of the infection to other members of the community. This sickness behavior is a motivational state that is common to most pathogen-induced infections ranging from viruses to multicellular parasites, but, because of its ubiquitous nature, is frequently accepted as an unavoidable and non-specific consequence of infection. However, considering the broad spectrum of symptoms - fever, nausea, decreased appetite, malaise, fatigue and achiness - it seems clear that a highly organized, although not pathogen-specific, response is being manifested to aid in the fight against infection (Dantzer, 2001; Ericsson et al., ...
Here is the best resource for homework help with PSYC 131 : Animal Behavior at UPenn. Find PSYC131 study guides, notes, and practice tests from UPenn.
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Welcome to Animal Behavior. We are a collaboration between the Biology and Psychology Departments at UC. You will find links to various aspects of our program below ...
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Study Flashcards On Animals Behavior Chapter One at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
WE ARE DEDICATED to helping others experience the same joy we share with our own pets. CattleDog Publishing takes scientific principles of animal behavior and creates practical applications that are easy to understand and accessible for everyday use. Our understanding and knowledge, and thus our training and teaching techniques, are always evolving. They allow us to create unique educational materials to empower both pet-care professionals and pet owners. Our insight into the animals point of view and awareness of how all our interactions affect them allows us and our pets to have fun and enjoy life together every day.. ...
The Trials of Life: A Natural History of Animal Behavior by David Attenborough is on Linda882s to-read shelf.. Shelves: to-read and non-fiction.
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In Animals in Translation: Using the Mysteries of Autism to Decode Animal Behavior (Paperback), Temple Grandin speaks in the clear voice of a woman...
In the introduction to the book, its editors lay out the case for taking a serious, and mechanistic, look at how visiting natural places for pleasure affects ecology and animal behavior.. 0 Comments. ...
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The purpose of the animal behavior lab was to understand the concept of distributing organisms in a resource gradient. This lab was also made to help us di
I. Definition of Animal Behavior: Any observable thing an animal does a. Covers broad range of activities from involuntary muscle movements to animal
The study of animal behaviour is one of the fastest growing sub-disciplines in biology. The resulting diversity of conceptual approaches and methodological innovations makes it increasingly difficult
Our 375+ animal behavior graduates create recognition for Bucknell in the field and serve as a valuable network for careers and internships.
Get info about Our Lady of the Lake College animal behavior. You can start working in a high-paying field with just an associates or a bachelors degree. To begin, browse accredited college degree programs and certificate courses online.
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First published in 1953, Animal Behaviour is a leading international publication and has wide appeal, containing critical reviews, original papers,...
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... by V. Lamoureux http://i.imgur.com/LhmVcNC.jpg Pages: 320 Publisher: -- Edition: 1st., 2011 Language: English
Abstract: The neural code and mechanisms that underlie the generation of behavior has been difficult to crack. Innate behaviors such as aggression, fear, and mating may pose a tractable model because they are highly conserved across evolution, their proper regulation and display is essential for fitness, and some of the essential circuit, amygdala and hypothalamus, are known. However, the identity of the precise neurons and logic of the circuits that generate these innate behaviors remains largely unknown and therefore unstudied. In the mouse, all of these essential behaviors can be robustly initiated by olfactory cues. We have identified specific sensory ligands that now enable us to precisely stimulate and identify the neural mechanisms that generate behavior. We are creating and assessing novel tools to be able to identify and manipulate the circuits that generate behavior. In addition, we are studying how the sensory information elicits variable responses depending on state, gender, or the ...
A research study finds that 95 percent of Americans have pre marital sex-sex before marriage and also that American men and women as far back as the 1940 were having premarital sex.
In this report we present dopaminergic, behavioral and pathogenic characterization of mice lacking LRRK2 to 20 months of age. Our most significant findings are observed at the behavioral level, which reveal normal motor gait but altered open field and motor co-ordination behavior in LRRK2 KO mice. In the open-field test KO mice displayed an increased thigmotaxic behavior, walking along the wall of the apparatus, which resulted in reduced path tortuousity. This phenotyping profile was characteristic both at 7 and 16 month of age, with no indication of progressing deterioration in this phenotype. It has been reported that the measures obtained in the open-field test are variable and labile [45], which could account for the lack of significant interactions between age and genotype in our study. Increased thigmotaxic behavior is often attributed to an increase in anxiety during the exploration of new environment [35, 41] or lack of flexibility in changing ongoing behavior [46]. Follow up studies to ...
Addictive Processes as pathology of decision making. Addiction presents a complex behavioral process whose causes can be postulated on a multiplicity of levels, from molecular and pharmacological to cognitive. Computational approaches to addiction should bridge the neural with the behavioral/cognitive phenomena. Our approach is multi-level mechanistic modeling . We are striving to synthesize the effects of the drug on the receptor level, neural circuit level and decision making level in order to disentangle the roles of the primary rewarding and hedonic processes of the drug and the opponent processes in the progression from use to addiction. In a complementary approach we are developing algorithmic models of addictive processes based on neuro-economic approaches.. Keramati, M. and Gutkin, B.S., Imbalanced decision hierarchy in addicts emerging from drug-hijacked dopamine spiraling circuit, PLOS One, 8:4, 1-8 (2013).. Graupner, M., Maex, R., and Gutkin, B.S., Endogenous cholinergic inputs and ...
The question then became: is this ethnic difference caused by different cultural norms or different genetic pools or a combo of both. The answer would come from Korean-Americans: these behave almost identically to European-Americans and quite differently from Koreans in their home country. The result indicates that, while the allele induces a difference in behavior, the expression or blockade of this genetic expression is caused essentially by cultural norms: looking for emotional support is not favored in Korean culture and therefore Koreans raised at their homeland cannot not freely express this alleles push ...
Is Abnormal Behaviour a common side effect of Ambien? View Abnormal Behaviour Ambien side effect risks. Male, 59 years of age, weighting 155.0 lb, took Ambien .
Feeling ABNORMAL BEHAVIOUR while using Klonopin? ABNORMAL BEHAVIOUR Causes, Patient Concerns and Latest Treatments and Klonopin Reports and Side Effects.
We find that stimuli that had different behavioral significance during the task induce different dynamics of neuronal activities both within and between area 17/18 and area 21a even outside of the behavioral task. These effects are expressed in the stimulus-locked and in the not-stimulus-locked local field potentials in both areas and in the discharge rate of unit activity in area 21a. The averaged evoked potential is broader for the previously reinforced stimulus (S+) than for the negatively reinforced one (S-). As early as the transient phase (,200 msec), gamma oscillations within areas and coherent activity between areas are stronger for S+ compared with S-. Later, during the sustained phase (,200 msec), coherence of the local field potential and spiking activity within area 21a is higher for S+ than for S-. When the trained stimuli are presented with distractors and without food delivery, S+, compared with S-, still induces higher power of gamma oscillations within both areas and higher ...
Culture is a complex phenomenon that incorporates nearly all aspects of the experience shared by human beings, and it is culture that dictates the social expectations humans must adhere to in order...
Human Behaviour Speakers | Contact A-Speakers to uncover complex behavioral enigmas and get a better understanding of those around you.
Neurological disease is a large and growing problem - despite billions of research dollars, the causes of most neurological disease are still not fully understood. For the most part treatments only help to alleviate symptoms and standard animal models are often quite limited, with many replicating only one aspect of the disease process as identified in a small minority of patients. Successful drug development programs require animal models that more faithfully replicate the human disease condition. CNS,CRO is pleased to offer these highly predictive models.. In addition, CNS,CRO offers a variety of behavioural tests for animal model assessment. Each test is adaptable, and our experienced team will work with you to design a testing regime tailored to suit your specific needs. ...
The behavioral reactions were monitored of a group of premature and low-birthweight infants (mean gestational age at stimulation was 37 weeks) in a special care baby unit to two sessions of the Tac-Tic program of stroking. Arm and leg movements were found to be the most frequent reactions and a striking similarity occurred between maternal and paternal stroking, in the pattern and frequency of infant reactions elicited. No significant differences were found in the type or number of reactions elicited by strokes of different bodily areas (head, trunk or limb). ...
The behavioral reactions were monitored of a group of premature and low-birthweight infants (mean gestational age at stimulation was 37 weeks) in a special care baby unit to two sessions of the Tac-Tic program of stroking. Arm and leg movements were found to be the most frequent reactions and a striking similarity occurred between maternal and paternal stroking, in the pattern and frequency of infant reactions elicited. No significant differences were found in the type or number of reactions elicited by strokes of different bodily areas (head, trunk or limb).. ...
The study of rational decisions is useful in identifying and explaining vaccination behaviour and its interaction with the epidemiology of a disease. However, there is a multitude of other behavioural changes that can influence the spread of infectious diseases, such as reductions in the number of potentially infectious contacts, wearing of face masks or practice of better hygiene. A number of studies have recently considered behavioural changes which do not completely remove those that change their behaviour from the susceptible population, but instead assume the actions to either change disease parameters or change networks of infectious contacts.. Behavioural traits which affect disease transmission can be transferred between individuals. Tanaka et al. (2002) studied a model where two different types of behaviour exist and their frequencies in the population change over time according to social interaction. The authors were particularly interested in the evolution of behaviour and found that ...
2 yr old (2) Alex Kurland (6) Alexandra Kurland (2) Ande (3) anxiety (1) backing (2) balance (1) ball (1) bathing (1) behavior chain (3) bend (1) blanketing behavior (1) Bookends Farm (1) cart (1) Cha-cha (2) charging the clicker (1) Clicker Training (1) Clicker training for horse management (1) clicker training horses (1) clippers (1) colt (1) conditioning (1) cones (4) criteria (2) cross-ties (2) crupper (1) cue (3) cues as reinforcers (1) default behavior (1) distraction (1) dropping (1) duct tape lesson (2) duration (5) ears (2) Elly (4) extinguish (1) flexions (1) foal (1) food delivery (1) footing (1) foundation lessons (3) Free Jumping (1) free shaping (2) gates (1) generalization (1) grooming (3) ground manners (2) Grownups are Talking (5) happy faces (1) harnessing (2) Hay Feeders (1) head down (4) head shy (1) hips (2) holes (1) Horse Agility (1) Horse Management (1) in hand work (1) Jane Jackson (2) Kay Laurence (1) KGS (1) Kizzy (5) lateral movement (4) leading and handling (3) ...
Consuming a pack of cigarettes every day for a year can cause multiple changes in cells within various parts of the body, according to the study. The cells in parts of the body that are directly
An automated and interactive positive motivation system (10) that allows a physician, counselor or trainer to produce and send a series of motivational messages and/or questions to a client (50) to change or reinforce a specific behavioral problem. The system (10) consists of a client database (12) and a client program (14) that includes for each client unique motivational messages and/or questions based on the transtheoretical model of change comprising the six stages of behavioral change (100) and the 14 processes of change (114), as interwinding, interacting variables in the modification of health and mental health behaviors of the client (50). The client program (14) utilizes the associated 14 processes of change (114) to move the client (50) through one of the six stages of behavioral change (100) when appropriate by using a plurality of transmission and receiving means. The database and program are operated by a computer (16) that at preselected time periods sends the messages and/or questions to
Looking for online definition of behavioural analysis in the Medical Dictionary? behavioural analysis explanation free. What is behavioural analysis? Meaning of behavioural analysis medical term. What does behavioural analysis mean?
TY - JOUR. T1 - Olfactory bulbectomy induced oxidative and cell damage in rat. T2 - Protective effect of melatonin. AU - Tasset, Inmaculada. AU - Medina, F. J.. AU - Peña, J.. AU - Jimena, I.. AU - muñoz, M. del Carmen. AU - Salcedo, M.. AU - Ruiz, C.. AU - Feijóo, M.. AU - Montilla, P.. AU - Túnez, I.. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - In this study we analyzed the effects of melatonin (Mel, 1 mg/kgip) on behavioral changes as well as cell and oxidative damage prompted by bilaterally olfactory bulbectomy. Olfactory bulbectomy caused an increase in lipid peroxidation products and caspase-3, whereas it prompted a decrease of reduced glutathione (GSH) content and antioxidative enzymes activities. Additionally, olfactory bulbectomy induced behavioral changes characterized by the enhancement of immobility time in the forced swim test and hyperactivity in the open field test. All these changes were normalized by treatment of Mel (14 days). Our data show that Mel has a beneficial neuropsychiatric action ...
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of vitrification of mouse oocytes on the behavior of adult offspring. STUDY DESIGN Oocytes from mice were vitrified, warmed and inseminated, and two-cell embryos were transferred to foster mothers. The behavioral characterization of the offspring was detected by the Morris water maze test, forced swimming test, and elevated plus maze test, and compared to that of offspring from fresh oocytes. RESULTS Offspring produced by vitrified oocytes showed normal motor function. In the Morris water maze test of spatial learning there was a slightly decreased time spent in the quadrant containing the platform relative to mice from fresh oocytes, but the difference did not reach statistical significance. In addition, offspring from vitrified oocytes did not exhibit alterations in emotional behavior. CONCLUSION No alterations were found in the behavioral characterization of adult offspring from vitrified oocytes compared with those from fresh oocytes.
The potency of two β-endorphin fragments, des-Tyr1-γ-endorphin (DTγE, βE-(2-17)) and des-enkephalin-γ-endorphin (DEγE, βE-(6-17)) was compared on extinction of pole-jumping avoidance behavior and on retention of a one-trial step-through passive avoidance procedure. Both peptides facilitated the extinction of pole-jumping avoidance behavior and attenuated passive avoidance behavior. The γ-type endorphins exhibited an ... read more inverted U-shaped dose-response curve on passive avoidance behavior but not on extinction of pole-jumping avoidance behavior. DEγE appeared to be approximately three times more potent than DTγE on extinction of pole-jumping avoidance behavior but one hundred times more potent on passive avoidance behavior. It is suggested that DEγE rather than DTγE represents the endogenous neurolepticlike neuropeptide derived from β-endorphin. show less ...
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The aim of the present thesis was firstly to investigate whether the behavioural deficit resulting from NMDA receptor blockade reflects a genuine learning impairment, rather than a disturbance of some other aspect of brain functioning. The behavioural test used was a reference memory task in the watermaze, the learning of which is highly sensitive to hippocampal dysfunction. It has been claimed that he apparent learning deficits caused by the application of NMDA receptor antagonists may be secondary to sensorimotor disturbances, or drug-induced brain damage. Behavioural and histological analysis in the present study was not consistent with either of these two possibilities. However, owing to the fact that NMDA receptor blockade does indeed cause a number of side effects, subsequent experiments investigated the role of a novel class of receptor, the metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR), in both LTP and spatial learning. Previous studies have suggested that mGluR activation is necessary for ...
In moths, which include many agricultural pest species, males are attracted by female-emitted sex pheromones. Although integrated pest management strategies are increasingly developed, most insect pest treatments rely on widespread use of neurotoxic chemicals, including neonicotinoid insecticides. Residual accumulation of low concentrations of these insecticides in the environment is known to be harmful to beneficial insects such as honey bees. This environmental stress probably acts as an
Many studies have shown that laboratory rodents that have never been exposed to a live cat (or any cat vestiges), demonstrate strong fear responses when exposed to cat odor [1-13]. Pharmacological studies that use responses of rodents to cat odor as a model of human anxiety have produced controversial results. Benzodiazepine drugs, which are effective against generalized anxiety disorder in humans [14] and in classical animal models of anxiety (e.g. elevated plus-maze, black/white box, open-field) [6, 8-10, 15-19], can sometimes modulate the defensive responses of rodents to cat odor [2-4, 8, 9]. In other studies, however, benzodiazepines did not change the defensive behavior of rats [6, 10] or mice [1, 10] exposed to cat odor. Zangrossi and File [11] reported that chlordiazepoxide reduced anxiety evaluated in the social interaction and elevated plus-maze tests after exposure to cat odor, but it had only a limited effect on the direct responses of rats exposed to cat odor. These findings suggest ...
Animal Cognition is an interdisciplinary scientific journal published by Springer Publishing. It offers original work from many disciplines including ethology, behavioral ecology, animal behavior, cognitive sciences, and all aspects of human and animal cognition. The journal explores basic and complex cognitive abilities in animals, including time perception, causality detection, innate behavior and innate bases of learning, communication, problem solving, tool use, and the modularity of the mind from an evolutionary perspective. According to Springer, Animal Cognition had a 2016 impact factor of 2.209. "Animal Cognition". ResearchGate. Retrieved 4 July 2017. "Phys.org - News and Articles on Science and Technology". phys.org. Retrieved 4 July 2017. "Animal Cognition - incl. option to publish open access". springer.com. Retrieved 4 July 2017. Official ...
Animal Behavior. Sixth Edition. 429-519. Baker, Robin 1996. Sperm Wars: The Science of Sex ISBN 0-7881-6004-4. Eberhard, ... Offensive adaptation behavior differs from defensive behavior because it involves an attempt to ruin the chances of another ... Parker, G. A. "Sperm competition and the evolution of animal mating strategies." Sperm competition and the evolution of animal ... This offensive behavior is facilitated by the presence of certain traits, which are called armaments. An example of an armament ...
Breed, Michael D.; Moore, Janice (2011). Animal Behavior. Academic Press. p. 248. ISBN 978-0-08-091992-8. "Habitats". BBC ... Generally speaking, animal communities are reliant on specific types of plant communities. Some plants and animals are ... Another international agreement, the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, protects animals that ... Many animals and plants have taken up residence in urban environments. They tend to be adaptable generalists and use the town's ...
An automated technique for analysis of temporal features in animal vocalizations. Animal Behavior. 25:615-621. Narins, P. and R ... Chasing behavior in house flies (Fannia canicularis). J. Comp. Physiol., 89:331-357. Zeil, J. 1979. A new kind of neural ... Visual control of flight behavior in the hoverfly, Syritta pipiens. J. Comp. Physiol., 99:1-66. Land, F.M., Collett, T.S. 1974 ... Male sphinx moths, Manduca sexta, rely on female released sex-pheromones to guide typical zig-zagging flight behaviors used to ...
Animal Behavior. doi:10.1016/S0003-3472(81)80157-1. Missing or empty ,url= (help); ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) Queller ... Larvae feed only on animal proteins that must be supplied by adult workers. The workers must hunt for insects and feed them to ... Another species that exhibits this behavior is Synoeca surinama. P. sericea individuals forage for flower nectar, nest building ... Richter, M.A. Raveret; R.L. Jeanne (1985). "Predatory Behavior of Polybia sericea (Olivier), a tropical wasp (Hymenoptera: ...
Just as human research into basal ganglia dysfunction provided insight into the development of stereotypies in animals, animal ... Stereotypical behavior: a LAREF discussion [PDF]. Lab Primate Newsl. 2004 [Retrieved 2009-12-21];34(4):3-4. Würbel, Hanno; ... The development and continued expression of stereotypies in captive animals can quickly become an animal welfare concern. ... to the animal's environment. The enrichment must be varied to remain effective for any length of time. Housing social animals ...
Animal Behavior. Missing or empty ,url= (help); ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) Hughes, Colin R.; Joan E. Strassman (1988 ... Brain Behavior and Evolution. Missing or empty ,url= (help); ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) O'Donnell, Sean; S.J. Bulova ( ...
Animal Behavior. Univ. of Chicago Press. Chicago, Ill. p. 193. Kamil, A.; Balda, R. (1985). "Cache recovery and spatial memory ... But even when an animal is trained to do this, it is still unknown if they are self-aware, or are just repeating the same ... European magpies are the only animals beside a select few mammals that have been shown to be able to pass this test by trying ... Other behaviors such as play and cooperative breeding are also considered indicators of intelligence. When crows are catching ...
IFD theory can still be used to analyze foraging behaviors of animals, whether those behaviors support IFD, or violate it. The ... "Foraging site selection by juvenile coho salmon: ideal free distributions of unequal competitors." Animal Behavior. 53.1 (1997 ... This causes animal behaviorists to be split in opinions of whether IFD is a true phenomenon or not. In experiments that test ... So an animal will go to the patch that provides the most benefits to them. However, this prediction assumes that each ...
Many non-human animals have been shown to be able to distinguish between potential partners, based upon levels of FA. As with ... May 2002). "The sound of symmetry: Voice as a marker of developmental instability" (PDF). Evolution and Human Behavior. 23: 173 ... Other animals also show similar patterns, for example, many species of butterfly, males with lower levels of FA tended to live ... The relationship between FA, health and susceptibility to disease has also been studied in non-human animals. For example, ...
Animal Behavior (Monographs in Behavior and Ecology). Vol. 5:197-283. Mann, D. A.; Lobel, P. S. 1998. "Acoustic behavior of the ... "Sound production by males of a coral reef fish (Pomacentrus paritus): its significance to females." Animal Behavior. Vol. 34: ... This behavior is most common with damselfishes that produce a wide variety of sounds, a behavior shared with at least 10 ... Acoustic behavior of the clownfishes (Amphiprion spp.) Bulletin of the Faculty of Fishes Nagasaki University. Vol. 54:21-27. ...
Animal Behavior. 75:681-691. Carpenter, JM, Hunt, JH, Strassmann, JE. (2009). "Mischocyttarus mexicanus cubicola: Major ... 2000). "Chapter 14: Behavior of Flies in the Genus Toxotrypana (Trypetinae: Toxotrypanini)." In Aluja, M, Norrbom AL. (Eds.). ... It appears that the fruit flies also mimic certain defensive behaviors of wasps. When being handled by humans, the flies often ... Mischocyttarus mexicanus (de Saussure) is a New World paper wasp that exhibits facultative eusocial behavior and includes at ...
One of the main purposes of females vocalizing is the induction of mate guarding behavior in males. Conversely, calls may also ... Rodrı́guez-Gironés, M. A.; Enquist, M. (2001). "The evolution of female sexuality". Animal Behaviour. 61 (4): 695-704. doi: ... The vocalizations of female elephants are also used in order to incite mate guarding behavior in the male, which manifests ... Pomerantz, S. M.; Nunez, A. A.; Bean, N. J. (1983). "Female behavior is affected by male ultrasonic vocalizations in house mice ...
Animal Behavior. 29:1146-1165; 1981. Pellis, S. M. A description of social play by the Australian magpie gymnorhina tibicen ... Notated record of studies in animal behavior carried out by Dr. Ilan Golani at the Zoology Department, Tel-Aviv University. ... The system is used in many fields, including dance, physical therapy, animal behavior and early diagnosis of autism. The ... Paper submitted to the Conference on Simulation of Animal Behavior, Brighton, England, August 8-12. 1994. Teitelbaum, P.; ...
Male mating behavior is also affected in response to the practice of polygamous behavior. Compared to monogamous house mice, ... Contemporary Topics in Laboratory Animal Science / American Association for Laboratory Animal Science. 44 (4): 46-8. PMID ... "Development of the social behavior of two mice species with contrasting social systems". Aggressive Behavior. 38 (4): 288-97. ... However, animals living in the wild do not reproduce in the colder months, even though they do not hibernate.) The pups are ...
"Phenotypic variation in the social behavior of the spider Anelosimus studiosus along a latitudinal gradient" (PDF). Animal ... Agnarsson, Ingi (2012). "A new phylogeny of Anelosimus and the placement and behavior of Anelosimus vierae n. sp. From Uruguay ... Reichert and Jones (2008) "Phenotypic variation in the social behavior of the spider Anelosimus studiosis along a latitudinal ... Animal behavior. Spiderlab Aarhus University, http://www.spiderlab.dk/social-spiders.html Reichert; Jones (2008). " ...
Under this behavior model, an animal uses its own scent to distinguish between kin and non-kin. The odors that an animal uses ... The animal is able to identify subtle genetic distinctions in odor, and this behavior enables an animal to distinguish between ... Alcock, John (2009). "Animal Behavior". Holmes, WG; Shermam, PW (1982). "The ontogeny of kin recognition in two species of ... The armpit effect is crucial for an animal to increase its fitness (biology) and reproductive success. The ability of an animal ...
Animal Behavior. 75:681-691. Hermann, HR, Gonzalez, JM, & Hermann, BS. (1985). "Mischocyttarus mexicanus cubicola (Hymenoptera ... Therefore, it has also been suggested that these lobes are of adaptive value to the behavior of saliva donorism. This behavior ... Hunt, James H. "Lobe erection behavior and its possible social role in larvae ofMischocyttarus paper wasps." Journal of insect ... behavior 1.4 (1988): 379-386. "Subspecies Mischocyttarus Mexicanus Cubicola." Welcome to BugGuide.Net! -BugGuide.Net. Web. 3 ...
"Animal Behavior". The Guardian. [London]]. 2014-10-04. Retrieved 2015-09-16. "Dog Complex". Fast Company. New York City. 2013- ... "Understanding the animal mind... through music". BBC. 2012-07-31. Retrieved 2014-06-30. "Making Music For Animals". "Animal ... In the book, Braitman shows through a wealth of research that nonhuman animals are startlingly similar to us in how they are ... "Animal Madness by Laurel Braitman". Simon & Schuster. "Laurel Braitman -- TED Fellow". TED. 2014-06-30. Retrieved 2014-06-30. " ...
1968). "The behavior of free living chimpanzees in the Gombe Stream Reserve". Animal Behaviour Monographs. 1: 161-311. doi: ... It was questioned whether some animals are instead using altruistic behaviors as a market strategy to trade for something ... Lawick-Goodall, J. van (1968). "The behavior of free living chimpanzees in the Gombe Stream Reserve". Animal Behaviour ... Among primates, social grooming plays a significant role in animal consolation behavior whereby the primates engage in ...
Animal Behavior. 42: 461-470. Gomes, L. et al. 2007. Occurrence of Hymenoptera on Sus scrofa carcasses during summer and winter ... Animal Behavior. 42: 461-470. Strassman, J., et al. 1991. Relatedness and queen number in the Neotropical wasp, Parachartergus ... Eusociality refers to the complex organization of animal behavior and is defined by these four attributes: adults live in ... This type of behavior is seen in other carrion eaters like crows and ravens where the pooling of independent search efforts is ...
Animal Behaviour. 76: 619-636. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2008.05.001. Lion Research Center. "Social Behavior > Group Living". ... In some cases, animals may leave one parent group to associate themselves with another, usually for reproductive reasons. Pair ... animals merge into a group (fusion)-e.g. sleeping in one place-or split (fission)-e.g. foraging in small groups during the day ... a fission-fusion society is one in which the size and composition of the social group change as time passes and animals move ...
An anti-ambush behavior; animals living in tall grass may leap into the air to detect potential predators. An alarm signal to ... Alcock, J. (2009). Animal Behavior. (Ninth ed.). Massachusetts: Sinauer[pages needed] Caro, TM (1986). "The functions of ... Since it is dangerous, the continued performance of stotting by prey animals must bring some benefit to the animal (or its ... Stankowich, Theodore; Coss, Richard (2007). "Effects of Risk Assessment, Predator Behavior, and Habitat on Escape Behavior in ...
Animal Behaviour. 74 (2): 337-341. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2006.09.017. Olsson, Mats; Healey, Mo; Astheimer, Lee (August 2007). " ... "Afternoon T: Testosterone level is higher in red than yellow male polychromatic lizards". Physiology & Behavior. 91 (5): 531- ... Animal Behaviour. 77 (2): 419-424. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2008.10.017. OLSSON, MATS; HEALEY, MO; WAPSTRA, ERIK; SCHWARTZ, TONIA ...
"Animal Behavior" December 4, 1999 (1999-12-04) 23 "Party Politics" January 8, 2000 (2000-01-08) ...
The Males Relationship with his Females", Animal Behavior 31:565-575. *^ a b Dunbar, R. I. M. (1984). Reproductive decisions: ... Reproductive behavior". Contributions to Primatology. 16: 183-197. PMID 101336.. *^ Dunbar, R. I. M.; Hannah-Stewart, L.; ... It is the first time that evidence of the knowledge of cheating and fear of discovery has been recorded among animals in the ... Previously, these monkeys were trapped for use as laboratory animals or hunted to obtain their capes to make items of clothing. ...
In Animal Personalities: Behavior, Physiology, and Evolution, research on individual differences in behavior and reactivity to ... Basic Books Animal Personalities: Behavior, Physiology, and Evolution (2012), with Claudio Carere, The University of Chicago ... After spending one year as a Visiting Researcher at the Sub-department of Animal Behaviour of the University of Cambridge in ... "Popular Science: Two University of Chicago professors shed some light on the animal in all of us". Chicago Weekly. Retrieved 8 ...
Animals and other heterotrophs must eat in order to survive - carnivores eat other animals, herbivores eat plants, omnivores ... McKenna, R. J. (1972). "Some Effects of Anxiety Level and Food Cues on the Eating Behavior of Obese and Normal Subjects: A ... Physiologically, animals must be able to obtain both energy and nutrients from plant and animal materials to be considered ... Other animals[edit]. Mammals[edit]. This section is transcluded from Mammal#Feeding. (edit , history) ...
Animal Behaviour. Animal Behavior Society. 55 (6): 1685-1706. doi:10.1006/anbe.1997.0722. PMID 9642012. Puerto Rico portal ... The iguana colony has been used as a research control group for various experiments concerning animal communication and ... Martins, Emilia P.; J. Lamont (1998). "Evolution of communication and social behavior: a comparative study of Cyclura rock ...
The development of agonistic behavior in male golden hamsters : from behavior to brain  Taravosh-Lahn, Kereshmeh (2008-08) ... In male golden hamsters, puberty is marked by dramatic changes in agonistic behavior. Attack frequency gradually decreases as ... Browsing by Subject "Agonistic behavior in animals". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. ... agonistic behavior evolves from play fighting to adult aggression. Attack types change as targets ... ...
A modern and positive approach to treating animal behaviour problems, based on principles of kindness and fairness, and ...
Are cats smarter? Or are dogs? When scientists counted the brain cells in these animals, there was a clear winner. But the ... It all started with an animal behaviorist who was intrigued by the emotional world of squirrels. ... latest research on animal intelligence challenges all of the old-school notions of what it means to be smart. ...
This requires designing experiments to test both their behaviors and their hormones. Animal behavior is a very broad field of ... She also looks closely at how sensory information (what an animal sees, hears, and feels) changes their hormones and behavior. ... Pfennigs research focuses on animal behavior and evolution, but every topic that you explore in school has hundreds or ... But now researchers are working to build on her research to find out why animals will sometimes behave in a way that seems to ...
Animal behavior. [Niko Tinbergen; Time-Life Books.] -- Explains what scientific experiments and observations have revealed ... about the senses, instincts, and intelligence that govern animal behavior. ... Animal behavior a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Animal behavior"@en ;. . ... Habits and behavior a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Animals--Habits and behavior"@en ;. . ...
Picture Perception in Animals. 1st Edition. Edited by Joel Fagot. Animal researchers commonly present pictures to their ... What can the evolution of animal behaviour tell us about human behaviour? More specifically, how good an account of animal ... Social Behaviour in Animals. With Special Reference to Vertebrates, 1st Edition. By N. Tinbergen ... Perspectives on Human-Animal Communication. Internatural Communication, 1st Edition. Edited by Emily Plec ...
... s Animal Behavior: Instinct. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of Animal Behavior: Instinct. ... Many behaviors have both genetically pre-programmed and learned aspects. The degree to which certain behaviors, especially in ... When looking at instinctive behaviors, we must first understand the terminology used to describe such behaviors, and then we ... Any thing or event that triggers a behavior is called a key stimulus (KS). Key stimuli produce fixed action patterns (FAP) ...
This course examines animal behavior from both a mechanistic and a functional perspective. Drawing upon examples from a diverse ... Principles of Animal Behavior (3rd ed.) Norton, 2014. Dugatkin. Recommended, not required; Please order online. TBD. ... Shaped by millions of years of evolution, animals have evolved myriad abilities to respond to their environment, their ... animal communication, and kinship and cooperation. Four classroom hours. ...
... use of two different inbred strains in the same environment can also help determine the role of genetics in a given behavior. ... Home → SparkNotes → Biology Study Guides → Animal Behavior: Instinct → Problems. Animal Behavior: Instinct. ...
Description: This course focuses on developing an advanced understanding of animal behavior from an evolutionary and ecological ... Using a comparative approach, we will explore the basic questions of how and why animals behave in certain ways to survive, ... learners will develop the conceptual framework to understand and appreciate the diversity and complexity of animal behavior. ... will be integrated throughout this course and examples will be drawn from a variety of animal groups to illustrate major ...
Animal behavior. Behavior evolution. Evolution. Evolution (Biology). Science / Life Sciences / Zoology / General. ... ability action potentials activity adaptations adult advantage allele animal species auditory axon beak bees behavior patterns ... behavior.html?id=HJ7wAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAnimal behavior. ... 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Animal_behavior.html?id=HJ7wAAAAMAAJ ...
Animal behavior. Behavior evolution. Evolution. Evolution (Biology). Science / Life Sciences / Zoology / General. ... action potentials activity adaptations adult alarm calls animal ants auditory bees behavior patterns behavioral abilities ... behavior.html?id=85nuAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAnimal behavior. ... 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Animal_behavior.html?id=85nuAAAAMAAJ ...
Re: [Videolib] Discovery of animal behavior. [email protected] Thu, 6 Nov 2008 11:07:40 -0800 (PST) * Messages ... Previous message: deg farrelly: "[Videolib] Discovery of animal behavior" Section 108 huzzah!. gary. , Remember that if you are ... Previous message: deg farrelly: "[Videolib] Discovery of animal behavior" ... The discovery of animal behaviour [videorecording] / a co-production of. ,, BBC-TV, RM Productions and WNET, New York.. ,,. ,, ...
... the Animal Behavior Core (ABC) facility offers the UH research community access to equipment, training and services used to ... test behavior in rodents utilizing specialized state of the art equipment. http://www.uh.edu/animal-behavior-core/ ...
Behavior can inform humans about animal health, animal social tendencies, animal enrichment, animal food/habitat preferences, ... Behavior can inform humans about humans watching animals, including what to attend to, whether they attend to the animals, how ... Animals & Conservation * Animal Care & Management * About Animal Programs * Taxon Advisory Groups * List of Taxon Advisory ... Animals & Conservation * Animal Care & Management * About Animal Programs * Taxon Advisory Groups * List of Taxon Advisory ...
Often, the value of the research depends on how well the animal ... animal models to study how an intervention influences behavior ... Animal Behavior Similar to Human Response. By Rick Nauert PhD Associate News Editor ... Researchers frequently use animal models to study how an intervention influences behavior. Often, the value of the research ... Home » News » Animal Behavior Similar to Human Response. .fn{margin:-2px 0 0 0;font-size:90%!important}.time-read{color:#777; ...
For a long time, we didnt know what male animals are capable of. Find other interesting traits that some scientists consider ... Learn about the different animal paternal behavior of the penguin, frog, seahorse, and more. Some of them are extra-ordinary. ... Animal Paternal Behavior Facts and Information. Environmental Science / By ciel s cantoria / Understanding Animal Behavior ... On how animal offspring are spawned, nurtured, sustained and protected .. Animal paternal behavior on the other hand, is the ...
animal behavior. Wildlife spectacles and "scant regard for food-chain decorum". October 23, 2017 In her article "Birds Beware: ...
For iCal, an .ics file will be downloaded to your computer or device. You may need to take additional steps to add the event to your personal calendar.. ...
... is a comprehensive examination of the key areas in animal cognition. It will serve as a complementary resource to the handbooks ... Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition and Behavior. Editors: Vonk, Jennifer, Shackelford, Todd K. (Eds.) ... She currently serves on several editorial boards for journals in the field of Animal Behavior and Cognition. Her work focuses ... Attention is also given to animal-human co-evolution and interaction, as well as metacognition and consciousness. Entries are ...
The Comparative Animal Behavior concentration offers a coherent interdisciplinary program of study intended to prepare students ... PSY 127 - Behavior Genetics. (PSY 127 is cross-listed with BIO 107 and NSCI 127, therefore credits from any of those classes ... for employment or advanced study in fields including components of the behavior of captive animals and wildlife. These fields ... Comparative Animal Behavior. Available Options. Comparative Animal Behavior Concentration. Psychology department web site ...
Animal personalities : behavior, physiology, and evolution. [Claudio Carere; Dario Maestripieri;] -- Ask anyone who has owned ... a pet and theyll assure you that, yes, animals have personalities. And science is beginning to agree. Researchers have ... animal_physiology> # Behavior, Animal--physiology. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Behavior, Animal--physiology"@en ;. .. ... Animal behavior. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Animal behavior"@en ;. .. ...
Find the perfect Animal Behavior stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Download premium images you cant ...
Clinical Animal Behavior Service Vet Med: Medicine & Epidemiology ... Behavior and Animal Welfare Melissa Bain, DVM, MS VMTH: ... Companion Animal Behavior and Welfare. The Behavior Service does research on many aspects of companion animal behavior, welfare ... I am a Professor of Clinical Animal Behavior in the Clinical Animal Behavior Service. My areas of interest include aspects of ... Behavior and Animal Welfare. Melissa Bain, DVM, MS. VMTH: Clinical Animal Behavior Service ...
2003 Analysis of quantitative trait loci that influence animal behavior. J. Neurobiol. 54: 46-77. doi:10.1002/neu.10161. ... 2002 Nonadditive genetic effects in animal behavior. Am. Nat. 160(Suppl. 6): S198-S213. doi:10.1086/342896. ... Although most animal behaviors are associated with some form of heritable genetic variation, we do not yet understand how genes ... The genomic landscape of animal behavior. (A) Phylogeny of all species studied in which genomic loci were collected for the ...
  • Or search for offerings throughout the greater zoo and aquarium community, such as animal program events and workshops. (aza.org)
  • When looking at instinctive behaviors, we must first understand the terminology used to describe such behaviors, and then we must consider some of the concerns involved in studying them. (sparknotes.com)
  • The purpose of this activity is to help students understand that some organisms, such as termites, have instinctive inherited behaviors. (nsta.org)
  • These inherited instinctive behaviors, which evolved over time through the process of natural selection, had a positive impact on the reproductive success of the organism in the past (and may continue to have a positive impact on the reproductive success of the organism if environmental conditions do not change). (nsta.org)
  • The animals' instinctive reaction is to seek shelter in the face of potentially violent weather. (howstuffworks.com)
  • RxPG] Researchers at the University at Buffalo and the University of Pennsylvania were the first to demonstrate that two intracellular events, both stimulated by the same cell receptor, can provoke different behaviors in mammals. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Prior to publication the study of animal coloration was plagued by fanciful speculations, post hoc explanations and untestable hypotheses. (routledge.com)
  • While sequenced particularly to complement John Alcock's Animal Behavior , this readily comprehensible and richly illustrated reader can stand alone as a sampler of the excitement and diversity of research approaches and organisms that constitute the modern study of animal behavior. (ecampus.com)
  • Much of the debate bteween (and within) scientific disciplines associated with the study of animal behavior are related to the controversy over which is more important Nature or Nurture ? (umd.edu)
  • Discovering why animals behave the way they do makes the study of animal behavior an exciting field. (canisius.edu)
  • GRE scores are optional for those students who hold the Advanced Certificate in Animal Behavior and Conservation from Hunter College. (cuny.edu)
  • Graduate study in animal behavior is intended primarily for those who hope to later earn a Ph.D. or wish to amplify their expertise in animal-related careers, such as laboratory research, field research or conservation biology. (bucknell.edu)
  • The animal behavior major provides a foundation of courses and experiences for students interested in pursuing graduate training in animal research, conservation biology, veterinary medicine, zoology, and animal handling. (utica.edu)
  • The guidelines we've developed can help ensure that the data collected accurately reflect the animals' natural behaviours in the wild, so we can devise conservation strategies accordingly. (scienceblog.com)
  • But now researchers are working to build on her research to find out why animals will sometimes behave in a way that seems to be maladaptive. (unc.edu)
  • Animal researchers commonly present pictures to their subjects, usually birds or monkeys, in order to infer how natural objects are perceived and conceptualised, or to discover the brain mechanisms underlying these abilities. (routledge.com)
  • Researchers frequently use animal models to study how an intervention influences behavior. (psychcentral.com)
  • Researchers have demonstrated that both domesticated and nondomesticated animals - from invertebrates to monkeys and apes - behave in consistently different ways, meeting the criteria for what many define as personality. (worldcat.org)
  • Demonstrating how results in one area can directly inform work in others, the book ultimately proposes concepts to facilitate new discussions that will open the way for improved dialog between researchers across behavior studies. (cambridge.org)
  • Researchers observed this type of behavior among a group of sharks as they tracked the sharks' movements during Tropical Storm Gabrielle and Hurricane Charlie. (howstuffworks.com)
  • Prepare to be inspired and amazed at what local animal researchers, scientists, and behaviorists are discovering and working on. (rtp.org)
  • Researchers are studying the knifefish to learn more about how the brains of animals work to control their behavior. (nsf.gov)
  • American and Canadian researchers have for the first time quantified the energy cost to aquatic animals when they carry satellite tags, video cameras and other research instruments. (scienceblog.com)
  • Researchers from various disciplines are homing in on the mechanics of magnetoreception, an enigmatic sense that some animals use to navigate the globe. (the-scientist.com)
  • But the latest research on animal intelligence challenges all of the old-school notions of what it means to be smart. (pbs.org)
  • Case studies, from both field and laboratory research, will be integrated throughout this course and examples will be drawn from a variety of animal groups to illustrate major concepts. (unf.edu)
  • If you have a behavior management accomplishment, an intriguing case study, a research project, or innovation for the field, especially one that resonates with the theme of the conference, please come share it with your colleagues! (aza.org)
  • Often, the value of the research depends on how well the animal behavior mimics or replicates human activities. (psychcentral.com)
  • I am open to ideas for research in most areas of behavior and the human-animal bond. (ucdavis.edu)
  • The research focus of her laboratory is in determining how manipulating the microbiota within the gut, using models of infection with bacterial pathogens or administration of beneficial probiotic bacteria, can change cognitive function, anxiety, and depression-like behaviors in mouse models of disease. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Recent laboratory animal housing guidelines are driving the changes in housing for these birds and little existing research is available to educate the transition process. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Research programs for this degree do not involve human-animal interactions or animal training (applied animal behavior). (bucknell.edu)
  • As an animal behavior major, you will work up close and personal with their subjects and often have opportunities to conduct research and work on articles published in peer-reviewed journals. (bucknell.edu)
  • A partnership with the Utica Zoo gives student the opportunity to experience zoo research, animal care and husbandry firsthand. (utica.edu)
  • Students will be introduced to zoo research, animal care and husbandry, and animal training through our partnership with the Utica Zoo. (utica.edu)
  • A good deal of attention had been paid to the intracellular signaling pathways under the control of the receptors for angiotensin," he says, "but our research makes strides toward understanding how these processes mechanistically affect behavior. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Recent research is revealing surprising roles for microbiomes in shaping behaviors across many animal taxa-shedding light on how behaviors from diet to social interactions affect the composition of host-associated microbial communities ( 1 , 2 ), and how microbes in turn influence host behavior in dramatic ways ( 2 - 6 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • The American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior (AVSAB) is a group of veterinarians and research scientists dedicated to improving the lives of animals and people through an understanding of animal behavior. (avsabonline.org)
  • then the the tagging animals for research is counter productive because any data collected will be tainted by the extra drag that the marine creature has to compensate for. (scienceblog.com)
  • Fieldwork allows students to develop skills necessary to conduct animal behavior research and to demonstrate these skills by participating in independent research with senior scientists at the field location(s). (dolphincommunicationproject.org)
  • Training sessions and research hours are also mandatory for the safety of the student and the animals. (dolphincommunicationproject.org)
  • Research on the neural systems underlying emotion in animal models over the past two decades has implicated the amygdala in fear and other emotional processes. (nih.gov)
  • If you live near the Pittsburgh area, Animal Friends offers a variety of behavior training classes through Animal Friends University. (thinkingoutsidethecage.org)
  • Written/Compiled by Dr. Megan Maxwell, CAAB, the blog covers a variety of behavior topics including bark parks, the use of positive reinforcement, and teaching the use of the Freedom Harness. (avsabonline.org)
  • Therapists use exposure therapy - a type of behavior therapy in which the patient confronts a feared situation, object, thought, or memory - to treat individuals who experience stress and anxiety due to certain situations. (psychcentral.com)
  • Principles of Animal Behavior (3rd ed. (amherst.edu)
  • well developed principles of learning theory ( learning is a change in the behavior of an animal as the result of experience). (umd.edu)
  • To reveal the principles behind this, we extended the traditional physics-based models to a more detailed and more biologically sound framework, by incorporating the discrete, stochastic, and internal state-dependent aspects of behavior. (hfsp.org)
  • Studying the principles of collective animal behavior has relevance to human engineering problems through the philosophy of biomimetics. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to co-founding the pet loss support program at CSU I also founded the Behavior Help Line at the Denver Dumb Friends League when I worked there in the early 1990s. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • This program teaches animal enthusiasts training techniques using positive reinforcement. (prweb.com)
  • At Animal Friends, all training is accomplished through kind, effective positive reinforcement techniques. (thinkingoutsidethecage.org)
  • We believe in training through positive reinforcement and leadership, and our trained instructors have experience with hard-to-handle animals. (thinkingoutsidethecage.org)
  • You will study the science behind animal behavior, looking not just at how animals behave but why they behave as they do. (drake.edu)
  • In the last decade, three animal behavior students have received Marshall Fellowships for advanced study in the UK, three have received Rotary International Fellowships, nine have received National Science Foundation Fellowships and one has received a Truman Fellowship. (bucknell.edu)
  • Included in the information filled day is a keynote address by Jaak Panksepp Professor of Neuroscience and Baily Endowed Chair of Animal Well-Being Science at Washington State University's College of Veterinary Medicine. (avsabonline.org)
  • Many marine animals make yearlong breeding migrations crossing entire oceans, while others may rely on high speeds and acceleration - enabling them to catch prey or to escape predators," says T. Todd Jones, a scientist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center in Hawaii, who led the study while a doctoral fellow at the University of British Columbia. (scienceblog.com)
  • Since 2009, Behavior Education Network has been our signature website, educating pet professionals in the science and practice of animal behavior consulting with monthly webinars, how to guides, reviews of scientific papers and more. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • All of us at Animal Behavior Associates, Inc. are committed to to bringing the science of animal behavior to everything we do, from educating professionals, evaluating animals, and helping pet owners. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • Her work focuses broadly on the question of similarities and differences in the cognitive systems of various distantly-related animals, such as non-human primates, carnivores, and chiropterans. (springer.com)
  • Paul W. Sherman is Professor of Neurobiology and Behavior at Cornell University, where he teaches courses focusing on Animal Behavior and Darwinian Medicine. (ecampus.com)
  • Animal rescue and adoption is often a labor of love but it is an area of the animal industry that has always been warped and continues to irritate me, just like many of the aspects of the livestock business have always done. (arkanimals.com)
  • She also looks closely at how sensory information (what an animal sees, hears, and feels) changes their hormones and behavior. (unc.edu)
  • Because a sensory input (water levels) changes a toad's behavior, she wants to find out if the change in water levels causes a change in the toad's hormones. (unc.edu)
  • Learn more about UC's Animal Behavior faculty . (utica.edu)
  • Students can explore various careers through internships, traveling with faculty to observe animals in their natural habitats, and engaging in community outreach projects. (canisius.edu)
  • Contrary to popular belief, dogs are not the only animals that are fearful of fireworks. (arkanimals.com)
  • During my childhood, I was always around animals, including our family pet turtles, guinea pigs and dogs including Ike and Tex both German Shepherds and Frenchy, a Standard Poodle. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • They also are part of a larger network and the reason they have too many dogs is that they make it hell for anyone to adopt an animal by all the rules and regulations they impose on prospects-while failing to look at their own situation and the dogs within it. (arkanimals.com)
  • The problem is not the mental health of the dogs since they are happy and well behaved in this situation (which is unusual in many cases) or the care of the dogs (other than they need more grooming) but the fact that one person cannot manage such a large group of animals adequately. (arkanimals.com)
  • As a certified dog trainer, she has over 25 years' experience with training dogs and working with behavior concerns of cats and dogs. (halifaxhumanesociety.org)
  • Having her own rescue brought over 250 dogs and 150 cats and kittens through her home giving her a unique understanding of the challenges that can come with rescued animals. (halifaxhumanesociety.org)
  • After departing from KLM, Bruno did contract work for various airlines, including Lufthansa Cargo, before forming Worldwide Animal Travel in 1998. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
  • If you are attending AVMA, consider signing up for these labs to show AVMA the value that behavior plays in practice. (avsabonline.org)
  • Your assigned Veterinary Behavior Consultant and Veterinary Behavior Technician support your success by offering (Analysis and Supervision) services to your clients on your behalf (that are not practical to offer in the general veterinary practice). (animalbehavior.net)
  • With more than 23,000 veterinary hospitals and approximately 25,000 grooming salons, animal industry workers have numerous opportunities to ply their trade all over the country. (lasvegassun.com)
  • VAP explores the many diverse techniques and methods used in handling and working with animals in a veterinary hospital, as well as situations most often encountered. (prweb.com)
  • Along with the background of the owners and animals, a complete assessment includes taking a history of how long the problem has existed, the nuances of the environment, diet, social dynamics, veterinary medical background, daily regime, and a whole lot more. (arkanimals.com)
  • While in Amherst, Grandin will also speak to a Veterinary and Animal Sciences class, sign copies of her book at the University Store, and tour the UMass Amherst Hadley Farm. (umass.edu)
  • My love of animals prompted me to consider veterinary medicine as a career, but at the time it was an extremely male dominated field and women were discouraged from entering. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • When I completed my degree, and with few job opportunities in the field at the time, I was drawn back to medicine and animals, and took a position as a medical technologist at the Veterinary Teaching Hospital (VTH) at CSU. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • Reliable answers to your dog behavior questions are at your fingertips by email from the comforts of home, provided by certified, experienced Veterinary Behavior Technicians. (animalbehavior.net)
  • A Veterinary Behavior Technician contacts your pet parents to explain and offer pet behavior help. (animalbehavior.net)
  • Animals have an in-built innate knowledge of how to heal themselves, they just need a little more help from us besides love and veterinary care. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • Ongoing projects in the laboratory include studying behavior in mouse models of IBD and following pathogenic E. coli infection. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Specific areas of interest include the neural circuits that contribute to these behaviors and the intracellular events that occur at various nodes within the circuits pathways. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Some of the added advantages include more efficient conversion of forage into animal protein. (cambridge.org)
  • Plant secondary metabolites often self -selected by animals are known and used in both human, and animal pharmaceuticals for their health giving therapeutic properties that include supporting the animals immune system , having antibacterial, antiviral, anti-parasitic properties, and help promote the body's own healing mechanisms. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • Costs of mobbing behavior include the risk of engaging with predators, as well as energy expended in the process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples of collective animal behavior include: Flocking birds Herding ungulates Shoaling and schooling fish Swarming Antarctic krill Pods of dolphins Marching locusts Nest building ants Many functions of animal aggregations have been proposed. (wikipedia.org)
  • I am a Professor of Clinical Animal Behavior in the Clinical Animal Behavior Service. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Reading Report on Disturbing Behavior Presented to Professor P. Gillen For YOUT 301-D01 LUO By Dana Peebles L25945367 July 11, 2015 Introduction Throughout the years, disturbing behavior amongst teenagers and young adolescents has become increasingly intense. (educationindex.com)
  • College of Education associate professor Claire Hamilton will host a presentation by Temple Grandin, an advocate for people with autism and a world renowned animal behaviorist and expert on their humane treatment, on Tuesday, March 2, from 9:30-10:30 a.m., at 137 Isenberg School of Management. (umass.edu)
  • I incorporated Animal Behavior Associates, Inc. in 1985 with my major professor, Dr. Philip Lehner, when I was still in graduate school. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)
  • Video tracking offers a wealth of objective data, and EthoVision XT even automatically recognizes specific behaviors! (noldus.com)
  • The wild relatives of our companion animals have evolved with a powerful, innate healing sense and highly developed senses, in particular sense of smell, which allows them to utilize plants and other features of the natural world to maintain their own health physical and psychological health. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • Since 1991, my husband Dr. Dan Estep, CAAB has been co-owner of Animal Behavior Associates, Inc. and together we've worked with thousands of pet owners, and educated and delivered hundreds of lectures to pet professionals on five continents. (animalbehaviorassociates.com)